- The Collaborative Numismatics Project
  Welcome Guest. Please login or register. The column on the left includes the "Best of NumisWiki" menu. If you are new to collecting, start with Ancient Coin Collecting 101. All blue text is linked. Keep clicking to endlessly explore. Welcome Guest. Please login or register. The column on the left includes the "Best of NumisWiki" menu. All blue text is linked. Keep clicking to endlessly explore. If you have written a numismatic article, please add it to NumisWiki.

Resources Home
Home
New Articles
Most Popular
Recent Changes
Current Projects
Admin Discussions
Guidelines
How to

Index Of All Titles


BEST OF

AEQVITI
Aes Grave
Aes Rude
The Age of Gallienus
Alexander Tetradrachms
Ancient Coin Collecting 101
Ancient Coin Prices 101
Ancient Coin Dates
Ancient Coin Lesson Plans
Ancient Coins & Modern Fakes
Ancient Counterfeits
Ancient Glass
Ancient Oil Lamps
Ancient Weapons
Ancient Wages and Prices
Ancient Weights and Scales
Anonymous Folles
Anonymous Follis
Anonymous Class A Folles
Antioch Officinae
Aphlaston
Armenian Numismatics Page
Brockage
Byzantine
Byzantine Denominations
A Cabinet of Greek Coins
Caesarean and Actian Eras
Campgates of Constantine
Carausius
A Case of Counterfeits
Byzantine Christian Themes
Clashed Dies
Codewords
Coins of Pontius Pilate
Conditions of Manufacture
Corinth Coins and Cults
Countermarked in Late Antiquity
Danubian Celts
Damnatio Coinage
Damnatio Memoriae
Denomination
Denarii of Otho
Diameter 101
Die Alignment 101
Dictionary of Roman Coins
Doug Smith's Ancient Coins
Draco
Edict on Prices
ERIC
ERIC - Rarity Tables
Etruscan Alphabet
The Evolving Ancient Coin Market
EQVITI
Facing Portrait of Augustus
Fel Temp Reparatio
Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth
Fibula
Flavian
Fourree
Friend or Foe
The Gallic Empire
Gallienus Zoo
Greek Alphabet
Greek Coins
Greek Dates
Greek Coin Denominations
Greek Mythology Link
Greek Numismatic Dictionary
Hellenistic Names & their Meanings
Hasmoneans
Hasmonean Dynasty
Helvetica's ID Help Page
The Hexastyle Temple of Caligula
Historia Numorum
Horse Harnesses
Identifying Ancient Metal Arrowheads
Illustrated Ancient Coin Glossary
Important Collection Auctions
Islamic Rulers and Dynasties
Julian II: The Beard and the Bull
Koson
Kushan Coins
People in the Bible Who Issued Coins
Imperial Mints of Philip the Arab
Later Roman Coinage
Latin Plurals
Latin Pronunciation
Library of Ancient Coinage
Life in Ancient Rome
List of Kings of Judea
Malloy Weapons
Maps of the Ancient World
Military Belts
Mint Marks
Monogram
Museum Collections Available Online
Nabataean Alphabet
Nabataean Numerals
The [Not] Cuirassed Elephant
Not in RIC
Numismatic Bulgarian
Numismatic Excellence Award
Numismatic French
Numismatic German
Numismatic Italian
Numismatic Spanish
Parthian Coins
Patina 101
Paleo-Hebrew Alphabet
Phoenician Alphabet
Pi-Style Athens Tetradrachms
Pricing and Grading Roman Coins
Reading Judean Coins
Representations of Alexander the Great
Roman Coin Attribution 101
Roman Militaria
Roman Mints
Roman Names
romancoin.info
Rome and China
Satyrs and Nymphs
Scarabs
Serdi Celts
Serrated
Siglos
The Sign that Changed the World
Silver Content of Parthian Drachms
Star of Bethlehem Coins
Statuary Coins
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum
Syracusian Folles
Taras Drachms with Owl Left
The Temple Tax
The Temple Tax Hoard
Test Cut
Travels of Paul
Tribute Penny
Tribute Penny Debate Continued (2015)
Tribute Penny Debate Revisited (2006)
Tyrian Shekels
Uncleaned Ancient Coins 101
Vabalathus
Venus Cloacina
What I Like About Ancient Coins
Who was Trajan Decius
Widow's Mite
XXI

   View Menu
 

ANNONA AVG










ANNONA AVG.- In Morel's Thesaurus (T.ii TAB. V. figure 32), there is a gold, and in Mediobarbus a silver coin, given as struck under Vespasian, with this legend, and the type of a sedent female.- In the Numism. Musei Theupoli, a silver coin of the same prince is described ANNONA AVG.  Female figure seated, with corn ears in right hand and laurel branch in left.

It might indeed have been expected that the name and attributes of the goddess would appear on some generally recognized medal of that renown emperor, were it only in grateful reference to the prompt and liberal supply of corn which by his provident care (as mentioned by Tacitus) was sent in ships to the port of Rome, during a period of great scarcity.  But to judge from the silence of Eckhel, Mionnet, and Akerman on this point, there is no ANNONA on any of the three metals, in the coinage of Vespasian.

ANNONA AVG.- A modius, out of which spring four ears of corn, on a denarius of Aelius Caesar.

It seems strange and unaccountable, that whilst a coin with the above reverse should have been minted at Rome in honor of this indolent prince, who did not live long enough to become emperor, there appears to have been no similar legend struck on coins of such men as Antoninus Pius and M. Aurelius, of whom history attests their vigilant care of the public sustenance.

ANNONA AVG.- A  robed female standing, holding a cornucopia; at her feet the modius; in her right hand a smaller figure; behind is the prow of a galley.  On a first brass of Titus, in Capt. Smyth's cabinet.

Neither Eckhel nor Mionnet, nor in the later work of Akerman, is any coin of the above-mentioned emperor to be found with the legend of Annona.  In the possession and with the authority for its genuineness of so intelligent a writer and so practiced a numismatist, this acquisition therefore becomes doubly valuable: not only as an interesting specimen of the mint to which it belongs but also as serving to supply a reverse, which it was natural to look for amongst the medals of a prince, who was distinguished beyond any of his predecessors for liberality, humanity, and beneficence towards all classes of his subjects.

This first brass bears no mark of senatorial authority; but the same omission is to be noticed on the well-authenticated coin, which bears the type of the amphitheatre, struck under the same emperor.- See p.42.

ANNONA AVG.- A  female seated, holding ears of corn and a cornucopia, a modius at her feet.  On silver of Macrinus.- There are also first and second brass of this brief reign, with the same legend and type.

It seems that Macrinus was sufficiently liberal; and although congiaria were not usually given unless the donor was in the city, we have medallic proof that this restriction was waved, that he might ingratiate himself with the people.  But the indulgence of Severus, and the prodigality of Caracalla, to the army, shacked the means of their successors, and indeed debilitated the whole empire till the days of Diocletian.  With a treasury at low water, and the guards at least quadrupled since Caesar's time, Macrinus was obliged, on proclaiming his son (Diadumenianus) Augustus, to promise the old donative of 5000 denarii per man, of which he gave them each 1000 in hand.  While the soldiers - who had already pocketed the Emperor's first gift of 750 denarii - enjoyed these substantial pickings, the people of Rome were promised a congiary of 150 denarii each.  Such was the state of the empire, A.D. 218. - Smyth.

ANNONA AVG. - A woman standing before a modius, with corn ears in her right hand and cornucopia in her left.  On an elegant quinarius of Alexander Severus. - Other quinarii of the same reign give to Annona the appropriate attributes of the anchor, the rudder, and the prow.

These reverses are commemorative of the careful and vigorous attention, which characterized the proceedings of that excellent emperor, with respect to the delivery of wheat to the people, brought to Rome, at his own expense, from abroad: the frumentarian funds having been left exhausted by his infamous predecessor. - Vaillant, Praest, Num. Impp. Rom. p. 280.

ANNONA AVG. - A woman  with corn ears and cornucopia (on other coins an anchor), and a modius at her feet.  On silver and third brass of Salonina, wife of Gallienus.

Banduri, who gives the above, remarks that it bears a reverse, which does not occur on the mintage of any other empress.  But Khell, who published his Supplement to Vaillant nearly 50 years afterwards, has cited a silver coin of Julia Mamaea, from the Cabinet d'Ariosti, with the same legend and type.  But perhaps it may be retorted that Mamaea was not an empress : she was however the mother of an emperor, and bore the title of Augusta, under which, on some of her numerous coins, she exhibits her portrait face to face with that of her son Alexander.

With respect to the Annona Aug. of Salonina, it is admitted that it might be rightfully belong to this beneficent princess, since there are medals of Salonina dedicated to Abundantia and to Dea Segetia, a deity associated with Annona. - See Abundantia Temporum, p.2 of this work.


View whole page from the Dictionary Of Roman Coins