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Latin abbreviation: Aeternitas Augusti - [Dedicated to the] eternity of the emperor.


Please add updates or make corrections to the NumisWiki text version as appropriate.
    AET. AVG. Aeternitas Augusti.----A woman standing with the head of the Sun in her right hand. Eckhel thus describes, as from a specimen in the Vienna cabinet, under his own eye, a silver coin of Trajan, struck in that emperor 's 7th consulate. It furnishes, in conjunction with a similar legend and type on gold of Vespasian, one of the earlier among numerous proofs, that the Romans assigned eternity to their Emperors, as a certain mark of divinity. The eternity of Trajan is here typified by those two "eternal stars" the Sun and Moon. That prince affords a particular examples of this custom in allowing His Eternity to be recognized not only on his coins, but in his most confidential correspondence (see Pliny 's Letters, 1. x. epist. 87). Amongst the ancients, Eternity was symbolized by the Sun and the Moon; because, says Mamertinus, Quidquid immortale est stare nescit, aeternoque motu se servat aeternitas. (What is immortal knows no rest; and eternity maintains itself by eternal motion). "His throne" (says the Royal Psalmist) "is as the Sun before me, and as the Moon eternally."----Eckhel also quotes Diodorus Siculus, to shew that the most ancient Egyptians, is contemplating with astonishment and admiration the universe above them, were led to think, that there were two eternal and principal deities, viz., the Sun and the Moon, of which they called the former Osiris, and the latter Isis.---Tristan (vol. i. 381) describes a coin of Trajan with this legend, and as having for its reverse type, the figure of a woman, who holds the effigies of the Sun and Moon----qui en sont (says he) et comme il est assez cogneu, les vrais symbols.----See Doct. Num. vet. Vol. vii. P. 181, for a commentary on a coin of Sept. Severus, struck about A.D. 202, on the reverse of which is inscribed CONCORDIAE AETERNAE, wherein further light is thrown on the subject of the Solar and Lunar types, appropriated to their coins by the Roman emperors and empresses, as symbols of their own deified immortality.----It is to be observed, that no mention is made of the above coin in either Mionnet or Akerman.

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