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|Pompeius| Sextus, second son of the Great Pompey, was born in the year of Rome 689 (B.C. 65). Under his father's instructions, he soon became an able general. -- His elder brother Cnaeius and himself uniting together in the great and perilous enterprise of avenging their father's death, and bravely sustained their own cause, with that of the free Roman Republic, against Julius Caesar, who at length defeated them at the battle of Munda, in Spain (45 B.C.).
-- Cnaeius Pompey was slain in his flight from that disastrous field. But Sextus, though alone, continued to lead the army of the Republic, and carried on the war with so much resolution that Octavius and Antony came to terms with him, and the senate conferred upon him the title of PRAEF. CLAS. (Admiral of the Fleet) in 44 B.C..
-- But with characteristic inconstancy he soon quarrelled with Octavius, who sent Agrippa against him with a powerful navy. The result was the total defeat of Sextus, who lost the greater part of his vessels, and was compelled, for his own immediate safety, to join Mark Antony against Octavius. This alliance was short-lived; disagreeing with Antony, he fled into Phrygia, and being abandoned by all his soldiers, fell into the hands of one of Antony's officers, who caused him to be beheaded on the banks of the river Sargaris in 719 (B.C. 35).
-- On his coins (gold and silver) he is styled S. POMP. MAGN. -- SEX. MAG. PIVS IMP. -- also NEPTVNI (by implication filius). -- Sextus not only assumed the surname of Magnus, as of hereditary right, but was also distinguished by that of Pius, on account of his filial piety in devoting himself with such extraordinary zeal and perseverance to appease the manes of his illustrious parent, by waging war against the parties who had caused his death. -- On some silver coins his head and name both appear, on others his head only, without his name. There are some pieces which represent him with his father and brother; these are in gold and of great rarity.