Salonina, Augusta 254 - c. September 268 A.D.
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Salonina was the wife of emperor Gallienus. A very beautiful and intelligent woman, she was extremely loyal to her husband. Opinion is divided as to whether she was murdered in the purge of Gallienus family after his murder, or if she survived.
Also see: ERIC - SALONINA
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DICTIONARY| OF ROMAN COINS|
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SALONINA (Cornelia) wife of Gallienus.--
Of her family nothing is known, but all historians agree in characterizing this lady as one whose beauty and wisdom were equaled only by her prudence, courage, and conjugal virtue. Married to Gallienus about ten years before his accession to the throne, she was named Augusta, when her husband became associated with his father Valerian, in the sovereign power A.D. 254. Without pride, without luxury or ostentation, and, though flagrantly outraged by the infidelities of her imperial consort, superior to the provocation of jealousy ; ever zealous for the public good, and distinguished by her true benevolence and amiable condescension, this accomplished princess patronized learning and encouraged meritorious talent throughout the empire, which her voluptuous consort would have left without
a struggle on his part to be torn to pieces, but that she more then once stimulated his dormant valor by her remonstrances, and conciliated the wavering loyalty of his legions by her companionship in the dangers and privations of war. The vicious misconduct of her husband had, however, brought state affairs into inextricable difficulties; and at the siege of Milan, where the usurper Aureolus had shut himself up, she fell a victim to the fatal conspiracy formed against Gallienus, and perished with him A.D. 268. She was the mother of two princes,
Saloninus and Julius Gallienus; and of one daughter Licinia Galliena.
Her small brass coins and the silver ones of
the ordinary size are common ; first and
second brass rare ; the gold very rare. On
these she is styled SALONINA AVG
.-- CORnelia SALONINA AVGusta
.-- Some pieces
represent her with Gallienus.
M. de Witte, with good reason, considers the
coins of Salonina, bearing on the reverse AVGusta IN PACE
, to have been struck by
Christian moneyers after her death.-- Revue
de la Numismatique Belge
, 1852, p. 321. An
example, in small brass, from Mr. R. Smith's
collection, is here given.
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