Salonina, Augusta 254 - c. September 268 A.D.

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Salonina was the wife of emperor Gallienus.  A very beautiful and intelligent woman, she was extremely loyal to her husband. Opinion is divided as to whether she was murdered in the purge of Gallienus family after his murder, or if she survived.


Numismatic References

Besly, E. & R. Bland. The Cunetio Treasure: Roman Coinage of the Third Century AD. (London, 1983).
Bourdel, B. Les Antoniniens emis sous le regne conjoint des empereurs Valerien et Gallien, Mariniane, Salonine, Valerien II, Salonin (253-260 Apr. J.-C.). (2017).
Burnett, A. & R. Bland, eds. Coin Hoards from Roman Britain: The Normanby Hoard and Other Roman Coin Hoards. (London, 1988).
Calicó, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. Two: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 5: Gordian I to Valerian II. (Paris, 1885).
Elmer, G. "Die Münzprägung der gallischen Kaiser von Postumus bis Tetricus in Köln, Trier und Mailand." in Bonner Jahrbücher 146 (1941).
Göbl, R. et al. Moneta Imperii Romani, Band 35: Die Münzprägung des Kaiser Valerianus I/Gallienus/Saloninus (253/268), Regalianus (260) un Macrianus/Quietus (260/262). (Vienna, 2000).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & P. Webb. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol V, |Part| I, Valerian to Florian. (London, 1927).
Online Coins of the Roman Empire (OCRE)
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. IV. Valerian I to Allectus. (Oxford, 1978).
Schaad, D. & J. Lafaurie. Le trésor d'Eauze. (Toulouse, 1992).
Seaby, H. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume IV, Gordian III to Postumus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume Three, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Obverse Legends



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SALONINA (Cornelia) wife of Gallienus.--

Of her family nothing is known, but all historians agree in characterizing this lady as one whose beauty and wisdom were equaled only by her prudence, courage, and conjugal virtue. Married to Gallienus about ten years before his accession to the throne, she was named Augusta, when her husband became associated with his father Valerian, in the sovereign power A.D. 254. Without pride, without luxury or ostentation, and, though flagrantly outraged by the infidelities of her imperial consort, superior to the provocation of jealousy ; ever zealous for the public good, and distinguished by her true benevolence and amiable condescension, this accomplished princess patronized learning and encouraged meritorious talent throughout the empire, which her voluptuous consort would have left without
a struggle on his part to be torn to pieces, but that she more then once stimulated his dormant valor by her remonstrances, and conciliated the wavering loyalty of his legions by her companionship in the dangers and privations of war. The vicious misconduct of her husband had, however, brought state affairs into inextricable difficulties; and at the siege of Milan, where the usurper Aureolus had shut himself up, she fell a victim to the fatal conspiracy formed against Gallienus, and perished with him A.D. 268. She was the mother of two princes,
Saloninus and Julius Gallienus; and of one daughter Licinia Galliena.

   Her small brass coins and the silver ones of
the ordinary size are common ; first and
second brass rare ; the gold very rare. On
these she is styled SALONINA  AVG.--
CORnelia SALONINA  AVGusta.-- Some pieces
represent her with Gallienus.

   M. de Witte, with good reason, considers the
coins of Salonina, bearing on the reverse
AVGusta IN PACE, to have been struck by
Christian moneyers after her death.-- Revue
de la Numismatique Belge
, 1852, p. 321. An
example, in small brass, from Mr. R. Smith's
collection, is here given.

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