|Lucius| |Verus|, 7 March 161 - February 169 A.D.

Lucius Verus was the co-emperor of Marcus Aurelius, and married his daughter Lucilla. Although held in high esteem by Marcus, he had a reputation for loose living and few mourned his death in 169 A.D.


Lucius Verus whose original name was Lucius Ceionius Commodus, to which was added Aelius Aurelius and perhaps Antoninus, son of Aelius Verus, was born at Rome in A.D. 130.  After the death of Antonius Pius in A.D. 161 he received the titles of Caesar and Augustus, and was raised to the joint sovereignty by Marcus Aurelius, his brother by adoption.  After being betrothed to Lucilla, the daughter of Aurelius, he started in A.D. 161 for Syria to fight Vologases III, King of Parthia.  Having succeeded by means of his generals in conquering Parthia, Mesopotamia, and Armenia (as recorded on his coins), and reinstating the King Soaemus on the throne (represented on coins), he returned home in A.D. 166 to celebrate a triumph with his brother, receiving the titles of Armeniacus, Parthicus, Maximus, and Medicus, the first two of which frequently upon his coins, and the third only once on a large brass coin, with the reverse legend TR. POT. VI. IMP III., etc.  His marriage with Lucilla had taken place in A.D. 164.  Later the two emperors started to prosecute the war in Germany, and in A.D. 168, returned to Rome.  The following year, however, on again starting off to join the army, Verus was seized with apoplexy and died at Altinum, a city of Venetia.  Lucius Verus was three times Consul, received the Tribunitia Potestas nine times, and was five times Imperator


Obverse legends

DIVVSVERVS
IMPCAESLAVRELVERVSAVG
IMPCAESLVERVSAVG
IMPLAVRELVERVSAVG
IMPLVERVSAVG
LAVRELVERVSAVGARMENIACVS
LVERVSAVG
LVERVSAVGARMENIACVS
LVERVSAVGARMPARTHMAX
VERVSAVG


|Dictionary of Roman Coins|




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VERUS (Lucius), whose original name was Lucius Ceionius Commodus, to which was added Aelius Aurelius and perhaps Antoninus, son of Aelius Verus, was born at Rome in A.D. 130.  After the death of Antonius Pius in A.D. 161 he received the titles of Caesar and Augustus, and was raised to the joint sovereignty by Marcus Aurelius, his brother by adoption.  After being betrothed to Lucilla, the daughter of Aurelius, he started in A.D. 161 for Syria to fight Vologases III, King of Parthia.  Having succeeded by means of his generals in conquering Parthia, Mesopotamia, and Armenia (as recorded on his coins), and reinstating the King Soaemus on the throne (represented on coins), he returned home in A.D. 166 to celebrate a triumph with his brother, receiving the titles of Armeniacus, Parthicus, Maximus, and Medicus, the first two of which frequently upon his coins, and the third only once on a large brass coin, with the reverse legend TR. POT. VI. IMP III., etc.  His marriage with Lucilla had taken place in A.D. 164.  Later the two emperors started to prosecute the war in Germany, and in A.D. 168, returned to Rome.  The following year, however, on again starting off to join the army, Verus was seized with apoplexy and died at Altinum, a city of Venetia.  Lucius Verus was three times Consul, received the Tribunitia Potestas nine times, and was five times Imperator

The principal reverse legends are--Silver medallions:--SALVS (in exergue) TR. POT. V. IMP. II. COS. II. (400 francs) 

Gold Coins:--ARMEN (in exergue) TR. P. III. [or IIII] IMP. II. COS. II. (45 francs); CONCORDIAE AVGVSTOR. TR. P. COS. II. Lucius Verus and Marcus Aurelius standing shaking hands (35 francs); CONG. AVG. IIII. TR. P. VII. IMP. IIII. COS. III (40 francs); FORT. RED. TR. POT. COS. II. or TR. P. VIII. IMP. V. COS. III (35 francs); HERC. PAC. TR. P. IIII. IMP. II. COS. II. (100 francs); LIB. AVGVSTOR. TR. P. COS. II. Lucius Verus and Marcus Aurelius seated (100 francs); PAX (in exergue) TR. P. VI. IMP. IIII. COS. II (35 francs); PROFECTIO AVG. TR. P. II. COS. II. Verus on horseback (60 francs); PROV. DEOR. TR. P. COS. II (40 francs); REX. ARMEN. DAT. (in exergue) TR. P. IIII. IMP. II. COS II. Verus seated on a stage, behind him a praetorian praefect; in front a soldier; at the foot of the stage, the King Soaemus standing (100 francs); TR. POT. COS. II. (Quin. 120 francs); a variety of types with TR. P. III. IMP. II. COS. II. to TR. P. VIII. IMP. V. COS. III. (35 to 60 francs; Quin, 120 francs); VICT AVG. TR. P. VI. COS. II (45 francs)

Silver Coins:--ARMEN. (in exergue) TR. P. III. IMP. COS. II. (3 francs); CONCORD. AVG. COS. II (c); CONSECRATIO (12 francs); CONCORD. AVG. COS. II (c); FORT. RED. TR. P. VIII. IMP. V. COS. III. (c); LIB. AVG. III. TR. P. VI. COS. II. (6 francs); PAX (in exergue) TR. P. VI. IMP. IIII. COS. II. (c); PIETAS AVG. TR. P. VI. COS. II. (3 francs); PROV. DEOR. TR. P. COS. II. (c); a variety of types with TR. P. III. IMP II. COS. II. to TR. P. VIII. IMP. V. COS. III. (c); VICT. AVG. TR. P. VI. COS. II. (3 francs)

Bronze Medallions:--ADLOCVT. Marcus Autelius and Verus standing on a stage, accompanied by a praetorian praefect haranguing five soldiers (400 francs); ARMENIA (in exergue) TR. P. VIII. IMP. IIII> COS. III. -- sometimes ARMENIA alone --Lucius Verus galloping to right, and directing his spear against an Armenian; two soldiers stading (600 frankcs); COS. III. Roma, helmeted, seated, and Victory standing crowning her; Lucius Verus standing presenting an olive weath (200 francs); FELICITAS (?) SAECVLI (150 francs); various types without legend (250 - 300 francs)

Bronze coins:  Legends and types similar to those of the gold and silver (2 to 200 francs)

 


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