List of Kings of Judea

This page lists rulers of Judea and other related Jewish Kingdoms from the Maccabean Rebellion to the final Roman annexations.


Judaean| Coins| For Sale| at Forum| Ancient| Coins|


Hasmonean Rebel Leaders, 167 - 153 B.C.E.

Judas Maccabeus 167 - 160 B.C.E.
Jonathan 160 - 153 B.C.E.

Hasmonean High Priests and Kings, 153 - 37 B.C.E.

Jonathan 153 - 142 B.C.E.
Simon 142 - 134 B.C.E.
John Hyrcanus I 134 - 104 B.C.E. 
Aristobulus I (also King) 104 - 103 B.C.E. 
Alexander Jannaeus (also King) 103 - 76 B.C.E. 
Alexandra Salome (Queen) 76 - 67 B.C.E.
John Hyrcanus II (High Priest only) 76 - 66 B.C.E.
Aristobulus II 66 - 63 B.C.E. 
John Hyrcanus II (High Priest only) 63 - 40 B.C.E. 
Antigonus 40 - 37 B.C.E. 

Herodian Dynasty, 60 B.C.E - 100 C.E.

Antipater the Idumaean (Governor of Judaea) 60 - 43 B.C.E. 
Herod (Governor of Galilee) 43 - 40 B.C.E. 
Phasael (Governor of Judaea) 43 - 40 B.C.E.
Herod the Great, "King of the Jews", elected by Roman Senate, 37-4 B.C.E.
Herod Archelaus (Ethnarch of Judaea) 4 B.C.E. - 6 C.E.
Herod Antipas (Tetrarch of Galilee) 4 B.C.E.-39 C.E.
Herod Philip (Tetrarch of Batanaea) 4 B.C.E - 34 C.E.
Herod Agrippa I, "King of the Jews", nominated by Claudius
     Tetrarch of Batanaea 37- 41 C.E. 
     Tetrarch of Galilee 40- 41 C.E. 
     King 41 - 44 C.E.
Herod Agrippa II, "King of the Jews", nominated by Claudius
     Tetrarch of Chalcis 50 - 52 C.E.
     Tetrarch of Batanaea 50 - 100 C.E. 

Roman Prefects and Procurators of Iudaea Province, 6 - 132 C.E.

Prefects:

Coponius 6 - 9 C.E.
Marcus Ambibulus 9 - 12 C.E.
Annius Rufus 12 - 15  C.E.
Valerius Gratus 15 - 26 C.E.
Pontius Pilate 26 - 36 C.E.
Marcellus 36-37 C.E.
Marulus 37 - 41 C.E.
Reign of King Herod Agrippa I: 41 - 44 C.E.

Procurators:

Cuspius Fadus 44 - 47 C.E.
Tiberius Julius Alexander 47 - 48 C.E.
Reign of King Herod Agrippa II: 48 - 93 C.E.
Vendicius Cumanus 48 - 52 C.E.
Antonius Felix 52 - 60 C.E.
Porcius Festus 60 - 62 C.E.
Lucceius Albinus 62 - 64 C.E.
Gessius Florus 64 - 66 C.E.
Marcus Antonius Julianus after 66  C.E. (dates uncertain)
Lusius Quietus, during the Kitos War, 115 - 117 C.E.

Revolts

Tax Revolt of the Zealots 6 C.E.
First Jewish-Roman War 66 - 70  C.E.
Kitos War 115 - 117  C.E.
Bar Kokhba's revolt 132 - 135 C.E.

Other Dates of Interest

135 C.E. Region renamed Syria Palaestina
638 C.E. Jerusalem fell to Muslims
641 or 642 C.E. Caesarea fell to Muslims ending Roman rule

Sources:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Kings_of_Judea