Latin abbreviation: Imperator - Commander-in-Chief (supreme commander for military forces).


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IMP, Imperator - CAESAR IMP PM

or IMPER - Imperator is frequently read on coins of Julius Caesar, (he being already dead) on which this single title of honour is assigned to him, in place of the prenomen; not for any victory abtained, but by that signification which refers to the heighth of power conferred upon him, he is called CAESAR IMP or IMPER and afterwards with the Julian star.-

For as in others, struck before his death, he is, after the ancient manner of the republic, called IMP QVINT, on others IMP SEX and besides DICT QVART, or DICTATOR PERPETVO, so this one title IMP on only two coins, and a few struck after his death, can hardly be understood otherwise than as that highest title of Imperator, then for the first time being granted to him by the Senate, not long before he was slain; because, as occurs on many other coins of Roman emperors, that name of supreme power does not occupy the place of a prenomen but rather that of a surname. Such is the opinion of Vaillant and of Spanheim on these coins of |Julius|.

-On a silver and a gold coin of Galba, bearing this word on its reverse, that Emperor, in the paludamentum, appears on horseback, extending his right hand.- The figure of Galba appears to refer to the statues erected to his honour in Gaul and in Spain, as he does not sit on horseback in the garb of peace, as emperors were accustomed to do when approaching Rome, but he is represented as they are depictured when setting out on a military expedition.- See HISPANIA.

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