GERMANICVS COS X




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naked, sitting in a sorrowful attitude on a Germanic shield; below is a broken spear. - Gold of Domitian. With the tenth consulate of this emperor 837 (AD 84), the title of Germanicus occurs on his coins for the firsttime; derived, as he wished it to be understood, from his conquest of the Germani, whereas he actually returned from that absurd expedition without ever seeing the enemy, as Dion has testified. (lxvii. 4). Nor did he hesitate to celebrate a triumph, which, however, as Tacitus informs us (Agricola, c. 39), furnished matter for ridicule, from the fact that individuals were paid to personate prisoners of war. This title thus conceded to a contemptible vanity, he made so much part and parcel of his designation, that not only on all coins struck thenceforth up to the day of his death did he insist on. its being added to the rest of his distinctions, but even Martial, Silius Italicus and Statius, invariably style him per excellence Germanicus Now this may be tolerated as a poetical license, inasmuch as the poets would naturally adapt a word, which offended less against the laws of metre than that of Domitianus. But even that base flatterer Quinctilian though unconstrained by any such metrical difficulty can find no other appellation for him, than that of Germanicus Augustus (Just. x. c. 1.) There are numerous coins of succeeding years, which bear this unfounded assumption of victory over a valiant people in the legend of their reverse : viz. GERMANICVS or GERMANIA CAPTA or IMP with
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