ERIC Table of Contents


|Title Page|

|Introduction|

|About| |Roman| |Coins|

|Denominations|

|Coins| of |Other| |Ancient| |Cultures|

|Identifying| |Roman| |Coins|

|How| |To| |Use| |This| |Book|

|Mintmarks|

|Mint| |Map|

|Pricing| And |Grading|

|Bibliography|

|Reference| |Catalogs| |Cited|

|Coin| |Terms| |Used|

|Glossary|

|Rarity Tables|

|Index| of |Rulers|

|Photography| |Credits|

|Additional| |Web| |Resources|

Imperial Catalog:

|AUGUSTUS|
|LIVA|
|AGRIPPA|
|NERO| |CLAUDIUS| |DRUSUS|
|GERMANICUS|
|AGRIPPINA I|
|TIBERIUS|
|DRUSUS|
|ANTONIA|
|CALIGULA|
|CLAUDIUS I|
|BRITANNICUS|
|AGRIPPINA II|
|NERO|
|GALBA|
|CLODIUS| |MACER|
|OTHO|
|VITELLIUS|
|VESPASIAN|
|DOMITILLA|
|TITUS|
|DOMITIAN|
|DOMITIA|
|JULIA| |TITI|
|NERVA|
|TRAJAN|
|PLOTINA|
|MARCIANA|
|MATIDIA|
|HADRIAN|
|SABINA|
|AELIUS|
|ANTONINUS| |PIUS|
|FAUSTINA I|
|MARCUS| |AURELIUS|
|FAUSTINA| |II|
|LUCIUS| |VERUS|
|LUCILLA|
|COMMODUS|
|CRISPINA|
|PERTINAX|
|DIDIUS| |JULIANUS|
|MANLIA| |SCANTILLA|
|DIDIA CLARA|
|PESCENNIUS| |NIGER|
|CLODIUS| |ALBINUS|
|SEPTIMIUS| |SEVERUS|
|JULIA| |DOMNA|
|CARACALLA|
|PLAUTILLA|
|GETA|
|MACRINUS|
|DIADUMENIAN|
|ELAGABALUS|
|JULIA| |MAESA|
|JULIA| |SOAEMIAS|
|JULIA| |PAULA|
|AQUILIA| |SEVERA|
|ANNIA| |FAUSTINA|
|SEVERUS| |ALEXANDER|
|JULIA| |MAMAEA|
|ORBIANA|
|MAXIMINUS I|
|PAULINA|
|MAXIMUS|
|GORDIAN I|
|GORDIAN II|
|BALBINUS|
|PUPIENUS|
|GORDIAN III|
|TRANQUILLINA|
|PHILIP I|
|OTACILIA| |SEVERA|
|PHILIP II|
|PACATIAN|
|JOTAPIAN|
|TRAJAN| |DECIUS|
|HERENNIA| |ETRUSCILLA|
|HERENNIUS| |ETRUSCUS|
|HOSTILIAN|
|TREBONIANUS| |GALLUS|
|VOLUSIAN|
|AEMILIAN|
|CORNELIA| |SUPERA|
|SILBANNACUS|
|URANIUS| |ANTONINUS|
|VALERIAN I|
|MARINIANA|
|VALERIAN II|
|GALLIENUS|
|SALONINA|
|SALONINUS|
|REGALIANUS|
|DRYANTILLA|
|POSTUMUS|
|LAELIANUS|
|MARIUS|
|VICTORINUS|
|DOMITIAN II|
|TETRICUS I|
|TETRICUS II|
|QUIETUS|
|MACRIANUS|
|CLAUDIUS II|
|QUINTILLUS|
|AURELIAN|
|SEVERINA|
|ZENOBIA|
|VABALATHUS|
|TACITUS|
|FLORIAN|
|PROBUS|
|SATURNINUS|
|CARUS|
|CARINUS|
|MAGNIA| |URBICA|
|NIGRIAN|
|NUMERIAN|
|JULIAN I|
|DIOCLETIAN|
|MAXIMIAN|
|CARAUSIUS|
|ALLECTUS|
|DOMITIUS| |DOMITIANUS|
|CONSTANTIUS I|
|THEODORA|
|GALERIUS|
|GALERIA| |VALERIA|
|SEVERUS II|
|MAXENTIUS|
|ROMULUS|
|CONSTANTINE I|
|HELENA|
|FAUSTA|
|ALEXANDER|
|LICINIUS I|
|CONSTANTIA|
|MAXIMINUS II|
|LICINIUS II|
|CRISPUS|
|VALERIUS| |VALENS|
|MARTINIAN|
|CONSTANTINE II|
|DELMATIUS|
|HANNIBALLIANUS|
|CONSTANS|
|CONSTANTIUS II|
|MAGNENTIUS|
|DECENTIUS|
|NEPOTIAN|
|VETRANO|
|CONSTANTIUS| |GALLUS|
|JULIAN II|
|JOVIAN|
|VALENTINIAN I|
|VALENS|
|PROCOPIUS|
|GRATIAN|
|VALENTINIAN II|
|THEODOSIUS I|
|AELIA| |FLACCILLA|
|MAGNUS| |MAXIMINUS|
|FLAVIUS| |VICTOR|
|EUGENIUS|
|HONORIUS|
|CONSTANTINE III|
|CONSTANS II|
|MAXIMINUS|
|PRISCUS| |ATTALUS|
|JOVINUS|
|SABASTIANUS|
|CONSTANTIUS III|
|GALLA PLACIDIA|
|JOHANNES|
|VALENTINIAN III|
|LICINIA| |EUDOXIA|
|HONORIA|
|PETRONIUS| |MAXIMINUS|
|AVITUS|
|MAJORIAN|
|LIBIUS| |SEVERUS|
|ANTHEMIUS|
|EUPHEMIA|
|ANICIUS| |OLYBRIUS|
|GLYCERIUS|
|JULIUS NEPOS|
|ROMULUS| |AUGUSTUS|
|ARCADIUS|
|EUDOXIA|
|PULCHERIA|
|THEODOSIUS II|
|EUDOCIA|
|MARCIAN|
|LEO I|
|VERINA|
|LEO II|
|ZENO|
|ARIADNE|
|BASILISCUS|
|ZENONIS|
|LEONTIUS I|
|ANASTASIUS I|
|ANONYMOUS| |COINAGE|

ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez


Julia Maesa 

? - d.223 

Grandmother of Elagabalus and Severus Alexander. 

  
This domineering lady made sure that her puppet grandson would feature her prominently among the currency of the day. It is easy and cheap to locate a coin of hers even if one those of Elagabalus himself are much more common. 
 
This is now the age of silver. Bronze has become too expensive for its own good. The silver coins being made at the mint are in actuality by now less than 50% pure. This means it only takes about a gram and a half of silver to make a typical Denarius. Compared to the ten grams it takes to make an As or upwards of 20 to make a Sestertius it makes little economical sense to make much effort in producing those lesser valued coins. 
 
So it’s rather rare to see those old-fashioned bronzes by the third century and in the case with Julia Maesa they will be much, much rarer than her Denarii. These can be found for around $50 or less for the average to above-average quality coin. More expensive will be the still-exotic and recently introduced Antoninianus which looks to all the world like a slightly heftier Denarius but with the empress’s bust resting on a crescent.  
 
This convention serves as an easy visual distinction between the two denominations. At the same time it symbolizes her association with the Moon in contrast to the emperor whose radiate crown symbolizes the Sun.  

Busts: 

1) Diademed, draped bust left 
2) Diademed, draped bust right 
3) Diademed, draped bust right on crescent 
4) Draped bust right 
5) Veiled bust right 

 

Obverses: 

 
1) DIVA MAESA AVG 
2) DIVA MAESA AVGVSTA 
3) IVLIA MAESA AVG 
4) IVLIA MAESA AVGVSTA 

 

Reverses: 

 
1) AEQVITAS PVBLICA 
2) CONSECRATIO 
3) FECVNDITAS 
4) FECVNDITAS AVG 
5) FECVNDITAS AVGVSTAE 
6) FELICITAS PVBLICA 
7) FORTVNAE REDVCI 
8) IVNO 
9) IVNO CONSERVATRIX 
10) IVNO REG 
11) IVNO REGI 
12) IVNO REGINA 
13) LAETITIA PVBL 
14) PAX ETERNA 
15) PIETAS AVG 
16) PVDICITIA 
17) SAECVLI FELICITAS 
18) TEMPORVM FEL 
19) VENVS VICTRIX 
20) VESTA 
21) VIRTVS AVG 

 

Types: 

 
1) Fecunditas seated left, holding flower and scepter; child on either side. 
2) Fecunditas standing left, holding cornucopia; child on either side. 
3) Fecunditas standing left, raising hand over child and holding cornucopia. 
4) Felicitas seated left, holding caduceus and cornucopia 
5) Felicitas standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding caduceus 
6) Funeral pyre 
7) Julia Maesa, holding scepter, riding eagle right, upwards. 
8) Julia Maesa, holding scepter, riding peacock right, upwards. 
9) Juno standing left, holding patera and scepter. 
10) Juno standing left, holding patera and scepter; peacock to left. 
11) Laetitia standing left, holding wreath and rudder on globe. 
12) Monetae (3) standing left, each holding a scale and cornucopia; coins piled by feet. 
13) Pax standing left, holding branch and scepter. 
14) Pietas standing left, raising hand over altar and holding incense box. 
15) Pietas standing left, raising hands over altar. 
16) Pudicitia seated left, pulling veil and holding scepter 
17) Pudicitia seated left, raising hand and holding scepter 
18) Venus standing left, holding helmet and spear with shield. 

 

Mint: 

 
1) Antioch 
2) Roma 

 
AU Aureus Reference(s) 
 
1) B4, O3, R08, T10, M1  RIC 255 (IVii, Elagabalus) 

AR Antoninianus Reference(s) 
 
2) B3, O3, R15, T14 RIC 264 (IVii, Elagabalus) 

 
AR Denarius  
 
3) B4, O3, R04, T03 RIC 249 (IVii, Elagabalus), C 8 
4) B4, O3, R04, T01  
5) B4, O3, R08, T09 RIC 254 (IVii, Elagabalus), S 7750 
6) B2, O3, R08, T10 RIC 256 (IVii, Elagabalus), C 21 
7) B2, O3, R10, T10  
8) B4, O3, R13, T11 RIC 261 (IVii, Elagabalus), C 26 
9) B4, O3, R15, T14 RIC 263 (IVii, Elagabalus), C 29 
10) B4, O3, R15, T15 RIC 266 (IVii, Elagabalus), S 7755, C 34a 
11) B4, O3, R16, T16 RIC 268 (IVii, Elagabalus), S 7756, C 36 
12) B4, O3, R17, T05 * in right field RIC 271 (IVii, Elagabalus), S 7757, C 45 
13) B4, O3, R17, T05 * in left field RIC 272 (IVii, Elagabalus), S 7757, C 45 
14) A coin exists with corrupted obverse legend “IVLIA MAMIAS AVG” as No. 5 above; the engraver mistakenly using part of Soaemias’s name. 

 
AR Denarius (Posthumous) 
 
15) B4, O1, R02, T08 RIC 378 (IVii, Severus Alexander), C 3 

 
AE Sestertius 
 
16) B2, O4, R15, T14 RIC 414 (IVii, Elagabalus), C 31 

 
AE Sestertius (Posthumous) 
 
17) B5, O2, R02, T06 Exe: SC RIC 712 (IVii, Severus Alexander) 

 
AE As 
 
18) B2, O4, R15, T14 RIC 416 (IVii, Elagabalus), C 32 
19) Same error as noted in No. 14 above but with diademed, draped bust right 

 

Julia Maesa Busts 

Julia Maesa Types