ERIC Table of Contents


|Title Page|

|Introduction|

|About| |Roman| |Coins|

|Denominations|

|Coins| of |Other| |Ancient| |Cultures|

|Identifying| |Roman| |Coins|

|How| |To| |Use| |This| |Book|

|Mintmarks|

|Mint| |Map|

|Pricing| And |Grading|

|Bibliography|

|Reference| |Catalogs| |Cited|

|Coin| |Terms| |Used|

|Glossary|

|Rarity Tables|

|Index| of |Rulers|

|Photography| |Credits|

|Additional| |Web| |Resources|

Imperial Catalog:

|AUGUSTUS|
|LIVA|
|AGRIPPA|
|NERO| |CLAUDIUS| |DRUSUS|
|GERMANICUS|
|AGRIPPINA I|
|TIBERIUS|
|DRUSUS|
|ANTONIA|
|CALIGULA|
|CLAUDIUS I|
|BRITANNICUS|
|AGRIPPINA II|
|NERO|
|GALBA|
|CLODIUS| |MACER|
|OTHO|
|VITELLIUS|
|VESPASIAN|
|DOMITILLA|
|TITUS|
|DOMITIAN|
|DOMITIA|
|JULIA| |TITI|
|NERVA|
|TRAJAN|
|PLOTINA|
|MARCIANA|
|MATIDIA|
|HADRIAN|
|SABINA|
|AELIUS|
|ANTONINUS| |PIUS|
|FAUSTINA I|
|MARCUS| |AURELIUS|
|FAUSTINA| |II|
|LUCIUS| |VERUS|
|LUCILLA|
|COMMODUS|
|CRISPINA|
|PERTINAX|
|DIDIUS| |JULIANUS|
|MANLIA| |SCANTILLA|
|DIDIA CLARA|
|PESCENNIUS| |NIGER|
|CLODIUS| |ALBINUS|
|SEPTIMIUS| |SEVERUS|
|JULIA| |DOMNA|
|CARACALLA|
|PLAUTILLA|
|GETA|
|MACRINUS|
|DIADUMENIAN|
|ELAGABALUS|
|JULIA| |MAESA|
|JULIA| |SOAEMIAS|
|JULIA| |PAULA|
|AQUILIA| |SEVERA|
|ANNIA| |FAUSTINA|
|SEVERUS| |ALEXANDER|
|JULIA| |MAMAEA|
|ORBIANA|
|MAXIMINUS I|
|PAULINA|
|MAXIMUS|
|GORDIAN I|
|GORDIAN II|
|BALBINUS|
|PUPIENUS|
|GORDIAN III|
|TRANQUILLINA|
|PHILIP I|
|OTACILIA| |SEVERA|
|PHILIP II|
|PACATIAN|
|JOTAPIAN|
|TRAJAN| |DECIUS|
|HERENNIA| |ETRUSCILLA|
|HERENNIUS| |ETRUSCUS|
|HOSTILIAN|
|TREBONIANUS| |GALLUS|
|VOLUSIAN|
|AEMILIAN|
|CORNELIA| |SUPERA|
|SILBANNACUS|
|URANIUS| |ANTONINUS|
|VALERIAN I|
|MARINIANA|
|VALERIAN II|
|GALLIENUS|
|SALONINA|
|SALONINUS|
|REGALIANUS|
|DRYANTILLA|
|POSTUMUS|
|LAELIANUS|
|MARIUS|
|VICTORINUS|
|DOMITIAN II|
|TETRICUS I|
|TETRICUS II|
|QUIETUS|
|MACRIANUS|
|CLAUDIUS II|
|QUINTILLUS|
|AURELIAN|
|SEVERINA|
|ZENOBIA|
|VABALATHUS|
|TACITUS|
|FLORIAN|
|PROBUS|
|SATURNINUS|
|CARUS|
|CARINUS|
|MAGNIA| |URBICA|
|NIGRIAN|
|NUMERIAN|
|JULIAN I|
|DIOCLETIAN|
|MAXIMIAN|
|CARAUSIUS|
|ALLECTUS|
|DOMITIUS| |DOMITIANUS|
|CONSTANTIUS I|
|THEODORA|
|GALERIUS|
|GALERIA| |VALERIA|
|SEVERUS II|
|MAXENTIUS|
|ROMULUS|
|CONSTANTINE I|
|HELENA|
|FAUSTA|
|ALEXANDER|
|LICINIUS I|
|CONSTANTIA|
|MAXIMINUS II|
|LICINIUS II|
|CRISPUS|
|VALERIUS| |VALENS|
|MARTINIAN|
|CONSTANTINE II|
|DELMATIUS|
|HANNIBALLIANUS|
|CONSTANS|
|CONSTANTIUS II|
|MAGNENTIUS|
|DECENTIUS|
|NEPOTIAN|
|VETRANO|
|CONSTANTIUS| |GALLUS|
|JULIAN II|
|JOVIAN|
|VALENTINIAN I|
|VALENS|
|PROCOPIUS|
|GRATIAN|
|VALENTINIAN II|
|THEODOSIUS I|
|AELIA| |FLACCILLA|
|MAGNUS| |MAXIMINUS|
|FLAVIUS| |VICTOR|
|EUGENIUS|
|HONORIUS|
|CONSTANTINE III|
|CONSTANS II|
|MAXIMINUS|
|PRISCUS| |ATTALUS|
|JOVINUS|
|SABASTIANUS|
|CONSTANTIUS III|
|GALLA PLACIDIA|
|JOHANNES|
|VALENTINIAN III|
|LICINIA| |EUDOXIA|
|HONORIA|
|PETRONIUS| |MAXIMINUS|
|AVITUS|
|MAJORIAN|
|LIBIUS| |SEVERUS|
|ANTHEMIUS|
|EUPHEMIA|
|ANICIUS| |OLYBRIUS|
|GLYCERIUS|
|JULIUS NEPOS|
|ROMULUS| |AUGUSTUS|
|ARCADIUS|
|EUDOXIA|
|PULCHERIA|
|THEODOSIUS II|
|EUDOCIA|
|MARCIAN|
|LEO I|
|VERINA|
|LEO II|
|ZENO|
|ARIADNE|
|BASILISCUS|
|ZENONIS|
|LEONTIUS I|
|ANASTASIUS I|
|ANONYMOUS| |COINAGE|

ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez


Constantine III

Augustus 407-411

Of no relation whatsoever to the Constantinian dynasty of the previous century, Constantine was a common soldier based in Britain. He was acclaimed emperor by his fellow soldiers in 407 after Germanic tribes posed an imminent threat that Rome was unwilling to deal with. It seems he then gathered these soldiers, abandons Britain and settles in Arelate. Soon after he names his son co-emperor, renames him Constans (again, to keep appearances) and sets off to consolidate and expand his territory. Constantine is then able to subdue Spain into his domain but loses it shortly afterwards when a revolt has Maximus (son of a powerful general) named emperor. Unable to meet this new threat, Constantine then flees but is captured and executed.

As with most other usurpers, this renegade emperor also depended on provincial mints to strike coins. Fifth century usurpers are all the more rare because the Roman economy was in a tailspin. For this reason base metal coinage, that which is most suitable for small-scale commerce, is rarest of all while precious metal coins just had to be made to pay the soldiers. Without a supply of silver and gold no man would risk his life on the battlefield and, in fact, when the strongmen ran out of gold they had to assume they were in grave danger.
 
Considering all this a coin of Constantine III is not surprisingly a rarity. However, among rarities his are not among the rarest. There are a fair number of Solidi and Siliquae still extant and they come to market fairly regularly.
 
A Siliqua may be expected to cost $500-$1,000 while the Solidus trades between $2,500 to over $5,000.

Busts:

 
1) Diademed (pearls), draped and cuirassed bust right
2) Diademed (rosettes), draped and cuirassed bust right

 

Obverses:

 
1) DN CONSTANTINVS PF AVG
2) FL CL CONSTANTINVS PF AVG
3) FL CL CONSTANTINVS AVG

 

Reverses:

 
1) CONCORDIA AVGGGG
2) RESTITVTOR REIPVBLICAE
3) VICTORIA AAAVGGGG
4) VICTORIA AAVGGG
5) VICTORIA AVGGG

 

Types:

 
1) Constantine III standing right, holding labarum and Victory on globe.
2) Constantine III standing right, stepping on seated captive, holding labarum and Victory on globe.
3) Cross; Alpha and Omega on either side.
4) Roma seated left, holding Victory on globe and spear.
5) Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm.
6) Victory advancing right, holding wreath and palm.

 

Mints:

 
1) Arelate
2) Lugdunum
3) Trier
4) Uncertain

 
AU Solidus Reference(s)

 
1) B1, O1, R4, T2, M3 Exe: TROBS RIC X 1514
2) B2, O1, R3, T2, M2 Exe: L/D/COMOB RIC X 1505

 
AR Siliqua

 
3) B1, O1, R4, T4, M1 Exe: SMAR RIC X 1538
4) B1, O1, R4, T4, M2 Exe: SMLD RIC X 1531
5) B1, O1, R4, T4, M3 Exe: TRMS RIC X 1533

 

Constantine III Busts Constantine III Types