Vespasian founded Deultum, settled with veterans of Legio VIII Augusta, on the west coast of Lake Mandren between Anchialus and Apollonia. SNG Deultum (SNG Bulgaria, volume I), notes, "The coinage of Deultum began under Trajan (AD 100) with the issue of a single small denomination coin type. Following a long interval, a second issue was produced during the sole reign of Caracalla (December 211 - 217). After this, the city struck coins of (two denominations only) continuously up to the reign of Philip I (244 - 249), under whom the coinage of Deultum came to an end."
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According to Poybius, Thrace was colonised, not only by the Greeks, and this city is said to have been originally founded by Milesian emigrants. Its name is spelled differently by different authors. Ptolemy calls it Develtus; Ammianus, Debultus; and in the "Acta Conciliorum," it is Debeltus.
Vaillant (in Coloniis) adopts the appellation given it by Pliny, Deultum; where a colony of veterans was planted by Vespasian. This Roman settlement assumed his family name, Flavia; and on account of his remarkable tokens of devotion to the goddess of Peace (to whom that emperor built a temple at Rome); it was called Pacensis, or Pacifica.
The place was once surrounded with strong walls, and still exhibits the remains of its ramparts.
The coins of Deultum are Latin imperial, in small, middle, and first brass. They commence 97 A.D. and end 249 A.D., and are inscribed with the initial letters C. F. P. D. or with the abbreviated words COL FL PAC DEVLT (Colonia Flavia Pacensis [or Pacifica] Deultum).
The emperors, Caesars, and empresses to whom this colony dedicated the products of her mint were -- Trajan, Macrinus, Diadumenian, Severus Alexander, Gordian III, Tranquillina, Philip I, Otacilia and Philip II.
The deities worshipped at Deultum, and whose images with their respective attributes appear on her coins, are as follow: Apollo (the tutelary god of the city), Aesculapius, Bacchus, Ceres, Cybele, Diana, Fortuna, Hygeia, Jupiter, Minerva, Nemesis, Silenus, and Serapis.
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