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CAESAREA, in Mauretania, a maritime town (originally called Iol). During the period of Julius Caesar's dictatorship, it formed part of king Juba's dominions.  The imperial coins struck in this city have bilingual legends, viz. Latin and African. A coin in the Cabinet de France is inscribed REX IVBA, with the head of Juba. On the reverse is CAESAREA R. XXXII. (which numbers denote the year of his reign); the type is a capricorn with cornucopiae and rudder. - See Mus Pembroke, i. TB. 11 No. 5. - See also Spauheim, i. p543. - In enumerating the colonies founded by Claudius, Vaillant (i. p. I05), includes the Mauretanian Caesarea. - By some writers, and with no slight measure of topographical probability, the modern Algiers is considered to have been build on the site of this Roman settlement. Others assign it to the locality of Chierchiel, lying to the west of, but not far from, Algiers

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