Buthrotum


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Buthrotum, a maritime city of Epirus (now Butronto or Butrinto, in Albania, opposite Corfu). Pliny and Cellarius metion it a Roman colony. Its coins consist of Latin colonial automomes in brass, all rare. Vaillant gives the annexed, which, exhibiting the name of Augusta, warrants the inference that the colony of Buthrotum was founded by Augustus.

Obverse: C A BVT EX D D, Colonia Augusta, Buthrotum, ex decreto Decnrionum, head of Augustus.
Reverse Q NAEVL SVRA A HIP TVL NICER IIVIR B, Quinto Naevio Sura, Aulo Hippio, Tullo Nicereo, Dunmviris Bis, a figure standing in a military dress, his right hand holds a rolled-up sheet, with something like strings attached.

The following also appears in Vaillant, as from the French King's cabinet, and of the highest rarity:
Obverse: BVTHR AVGVSTVS, Buthroti Augustus, head of the emperor without laurel.
Reverse: P POMPON, Publio Pompnio, bridge with three arches. Engraved in Morell, Thes. Impp. Rom. |T| |iii| Tab |xxxiv| No 16.

The reverse type alludes to a remarkably noble aqueduct, which, after having been conferred upon Buthrotum the rank of Roman colony, Augustus caused to be erected in the Sinus Ambracius, for the convenience of that city, and by which, according to Pliny, the waters of the river Acheron were conveyed from the lake Thesprotia Acherucia, on arches for many thousands of yards. In gratefull recollection of this work, and the benefit thereby provided for them, the inhabitants of Buthrotum placed the head of Augustus on this coin of the colony he had established. See Vaillant, in Col. |i| p 14.

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