Anubis, represented as a jackal or as a man with the head of a jackal, was the Egyptian god of the dead.  He presided over the embalming of the dead and conducted souls into the underworld.  In the earlier periods he was preeminent as lord of the dead, but was later overshadowed by Osiris and came to be seen as a son of Osiris.  The Greeks and Romans often scorned Egypt 's animal-headed gods as bizarre and primitive (they mockingly called Anubis the "Barker") but they also identified Anubis with Hermes, morphing them into Hermanubis.


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ANUBIS, one of the monster-gods of Egypt.

See his dog-headed figure on a brass coin of Julian II with the legend VOTA PVLICA.

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