Alinda, Caria

Historia Nummorum

Alinda (Demirji-deresi) was situated on a rocky height commanding the plain of the Karpuzli-ova, through which an affluent of the Marsyas flows in an easterly direction towards Alabanda, about twelve miles distant. The district called Hidrias, of which Alinda was the chief town and a strong fortress, was ceded by Ada, the widow of Hidrieus, to Alexander the Great. Its earliest coins (Æ) date from the second century B.C. Inscr., ΑΛΙΝΔΕΩΝ. Obv. Head of Herakles. Rev. Lion-skin hanging over club, the whole in oak-wreath, imitated from contemporary half-cistophori; also Club in oak-wreath; Winged fulmen; Bow in case; Bipennis; Pegasos; &c. Other specimens, with obv. Head of Herakles, rev. Club, and obv. Head of young Dionysos, rev. Sistrum, are described by Imhoof (Zur gr. u. röm. Münzk., p. 80). After an interval the coinage is resumed in Imperial times, Augustus to Caracalla or later. Magistrate, sometimes with title ΕΠΙ ΑΡΧΟ[τος]. Types—The Dioskuri; Sarapis and Isis; Zeus(?) draped, with right arm raised; Apollo Kitharistes.; Herakles and Keryneian stag; Herakles to front crowned by Nike; &c. (B. M. C., Caria, Pl. II. 9-12).

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