-- See Augustus for the first emperor of Rome and the adoption of his name as an imperial title.
The legend on the coins of the emperor Octavian Augustus described below.
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AVGVSTVS. - A Sphinx (symbol of Egypt). In memory of the seal of Augustus, on which, according to Suetonius, that fabulous creature was engraved. - This silver medallion, says Mionnet, was struck in Asia. - See Sphinx.
AVGVSTVS. - Capricorn and horn of plenty, some with globe and rudder, others without. - Silver medallion; also denarii. There is another denarius of this emperor with the same legend, the reverse type being a Capricorn above which is a female with floating drapery. - Augustus was born under the sign of Capricorn, hence the frequent occurrence of that device on his coins. Akerman. - See Capricornus.
AVGVSTVS, within a rostral crown. - A brass medallion. - "Such were the advantages (observes Havercamp) which Octavian gained from his decisive naval victory at Actium, that the Senate caused a medal to be struck, which, by representing prows of galleys, interlaced with a crown of laurel, should present continually before the public eye, in every province of the Empire, a monument recalling the remembrance of that great, and to him, glorious event. His new name of AVGVSTVS is also seen enclosed within the crown; for the obverse of this coin bears simply the head of Augustus, bare, and without legend. - See Corona Rostrata.
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