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 billon antoninianus of the empress Salonina with a reverse showing Pietas with three children. Coin Type: Silvered billon antoninianus of Salonina, 253-268 CE
Mint and Date: Rome, 257-60 CE
Size and Weight: 21mm x 24mm, 4.5g
Diademed, draped bust right, with a crescent behind her shoulders. Hair weaved in rows with long plait carried up the back of the head to the crown, behind a stephane.
Pietas seated left, extending her right hand to two children at her feet, tall sceptre in left hand behind, third child standing at her side.
Provenance: british_postcards_coins_and_books (eBay), April 2007
Ref: RCV (2005) 10647; RIC V (Gallienus joint reign) 35.
BW Ref: 012 031 107
Click on the picture for a larger scale view of the coin

Note: Who were these three children? The following information was provided by Jochen on the Forum Classical Numismatics Discussion Board:

From Kienast, Römische Kaisertabellen:

Three(?) sons by Salonina

(1) Licinius Valerianus. Birthdate unknown, eldest son of Gallienus and Salonina, AD 255 rising to Caesar: P. LICINIVS CORNELIVS EGNATIVS VALERIANVS CAESAR, PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS. From 257: IMP. P. LICINIVS CORNELIVS VALERIANVS NOB. CAES. End of 257/begin of 258: died in Illyricum (not Cologne). Consecratio: DIVVS VALERIANVS CAESAR. Later erasion of his name in inscriptions.

(2) Saloninus. Birthdate unknown, younger son of Gallienus and Salonina. 1st half of 258 rising to Caesar: P. (LICINIVS) CORNELIVS (SALONINVS) VALERIANVS NOB. CAES. or P. CORNELIVS ) SALONINVS GALLIENVS NOB. CAES., PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS. Fall 260: Acception of title Augustus in Cologne: IMP. SALONINVS VALERIANVS AVG. Fall 260: handed over to Postumus and killed. Consecratio (under Gallienus?): DIVVS CAESAR Q GALLIENVS (Q = quondam?). An ex. in Vienna doubtless authentic (R. Göbl, but he allocates it to Valeran II). Later erasion of his name in inscriptions.

(3) Marinianus. Born c.265 in Rome. Youngest son of Gallienus (by other suggestions his cousin or nephew). Identical with the consul suffectus AD 268). Rising to Caesar not certified. Died end of 268 Together with the brother of Gallienus. Killed by order of the Senate?

So the 3rd son of Gallienus is doubtful. He could have been his cousin or nephew too.

The content of this page was last updated on 28 April 2007