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Salus and Her Snake

———  The  ———

Sign Language

Of Roman Coins

Minerva Resting on Her Shield

Reverse Types and Symbolism

Roman coins used many different types of reverse over the half-millennium lifetime of the Empire. There were even more during the earlier Rebublican and Imperatorial periods. These designs were usually propaganda, either directly or indirectly. That is, they made a point or displayed a message that the current Emperor wanted to put across.

These designs were full of symbolism. Images say more than words, especially across a wide empire with many different native languages and much illiteracy. I certainly can't say that I understand it all, but I am starting to get the idea.

--------------------------------- Gods and Goddesses ---------------------------------

These were some of the Romans' major deities.


--------------------------------- Minor Deities, Virtues and Personifications ---------------------------------

These are strong images and ideas that did not have major godly status.


--------------------------------- Crossing Categories ---------------------------------

Symbolism that worked in many contexts.

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