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Area/Ruler: Crusaders -Tripoli: Count Bohemund VII
Reigned: 1275 AD - 1287 AD
Denomination: AR Demi-Gros
Obverse: Triple-towered castle facade, towers and walls crenelated; all within tressure of twelve arcs."+CIVITAS : TRIPOLIS : SYRIE"
Reverse: Cross pattée within tressure of twelve arcs. " + SEPTIMVS : BOEMVNDVS : COMES"
Reference: Metcalf 500; Schl. IV, 22
Weight: 2.1 gms
Diameter: 20.0 mm

Bohemond VII of Tripoli (1275 - 1287)

The County of Tripoli (1109-1289) was the last of the Crusader states. It was founded in the Levant in the modern-day region of Tripoli, northern Lebanon and parts of western Syria which supported an indigenous population of Christians, Druze and Muslims. When the Christian Crusaders - mostly Frankish forces - captured the region in 1109, Bertrand of Toulouse became the first Count of Tripoli as a vassal of King Baldwin I of Jerusalem. From that time, the rule of the county was decided not strictly by inheritance but by factors such as military force (external and civil war), favour and negotiation. In 1289 the County of Tripoli fell to Sultan Qalawun of the Muslim Mamluks of Cairo. The county was absorbed into Mamluk Egypt.

Bohemond VII of Tripoli (1261 - 19 October 1287) was Count of Tripoli and the nominal Prince of Antioch from 1275 until his death. He was the son of Bohemond VI. From 1275 to 1277, Bartholomew, Bishop of Tortosa was Bohemond VII's regent. Paul, Bishop of Tripoli, who was a friend of the Templar Grandmaster, William of Beaujeu, opposed the succession of Bohemond VII.

This was the beginning of war between the Bohemond VII and the Templars.

Guy II Embriaco of Giblet (1277-1282) was a former vassal of Bohemond VII in Jubail. Grievances between them had led to enmity and this was part of a larger trade war between Genoa and the Venetians. The Templars sought to unseat Bohemond VII by supporting Guy II Embriaco. Bohemond VII responded by sacking the Templar house in Tripoli and forests at Montroque. This action led to indecisive fighting over the following months at Botron, Fort Nephin, Sidon and at sea. In 1282, Guy II Embriaco and the Templars were ambushed in Tripoli. Guy II Embriaco, his brothers and cousins were imprisoned at Fort Nephin and left to starve. His followers were blinded. The Templars were summarily executed.

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