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Search results - "thourioi"
Bull charging right, tunny-fish below. AR nomos Lucania, Thourioi174 viewsLucania, Thourioi
Silver didrachm. 385-360 B.C.
21.2mm, 7.00g

O: Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with Skylla holding trident
R: Bull charging right, ΘΟΥΡΙΩΝ above, tunny-fish right in exergue.
thomas s7
Italy, Cosenza, Sibari (Thurium), Street204 viewsLucania, Thourioi.
Today Sibari (Cosenza), Italy
Italy, Thurium, Planning assumptions of Thurium (Lucania)254 viewsPlanning assumptions of Thurium, by Archaeological Museum of Sibaritide (Sibari, Cs, Italy).1 commentsTaras
Lucania Thourioi Stater 385 - 360 BC.83 viewsObv ; Helmeted head of Athena, helmet decorated with Skylla holding trident.
Rev ; QOURIWN, bull butting; fish in exergue.
G/aVF , 20.8 mm, 7.44 gr.


Thourioi, was a city of Magna Graecia on the Gulf of Tarentum, near the site of the older Sybaris. It owed its origin to an attempt made in 452 BC by Sybarite exiles and their descendants to re-people their old home. The new settlement was crushed by Croton, but the Athenians lent aid to the fugitives and in 443 BC Pericles sent out to Thourioi a mixed body of colonists from various parts of Greece, among whom were Herodotus and the orator Lysias.
The pretensions of the Sybarite colonists led to dissensions and ultimately to their expulsion; peace was made with Croton, and also, after a period of war, with Tarentum, and Thourioi rose rapidly in power and drew settlers from all parts of Greece, especially from Peloponnesus, so that the tie to Athens was not always acknowledged. The oracle of Delphi determined that the city had no founder but Apollo, and in the Athenian Expedition in Sicily Thourioi was at first neutral, though it finally helped the Athenians.

Thourioi had a democratic constitution and good laws, and, though we hear little of its history till in 390 BC it received a severe defeat from the rising power of the Lucanians. Many beautiful coins testify to the wealth and splendor of its days of prosperity.

In the 4th century BC it continued to decline, and at length called in the help of the Romans against the Lucanians, and then in 282 BC against Tarentum. Thenceforward its position was dependent, and in the Second Punic War, after several vicissitudes, it was depopulated and plundered by Hannibal in 204 BC.

From The Sam Mansourati Collection.
3 commentsSam
Lucania Thourioi, 385-360 B.C.42 viewsjimmynmu
LUCANIA, Thourioi152 viewsGR7

Thurii was one of the latest of all the Greek colonies in this part of Italy, not having been founded until nearly 70 years after the fall of Sybaris. The site of that city had remained desolate for a period of 58 years after its destruction by the Crotoniats; when at length, in 452 BC, a number of the Sybarite exiles and their descendants made an attempt to establish themselves again on the spot, under the guidance of some leaders of Thessalian origin; and the new colony rose so rapidly to prosperity that it excited the jealousy of the Crotoniats, who, in consequence, expelled the new settlers a little more than 5 years after the establishment of the colony. The fugitive Sybarites first appealed for support to Sparta, but without success: their application to the Athenians was more successful, and that people determined to send out a fresh colony, at the same time that they reinstated the settlers who had been lately expelled from thence. A body of Athenian colonists was accordingly sent out by Pericles, under the command of Lampon and Xenocritus; but the number of Athenian citizens was small, the greater part of those who took part in the colony being collected from various parts of Greece. Among them were two celebrated names – Herodotus the historian, and the orator Lysias, both of whom appear to have formed part of the original colony. The laws of the new colony were established by the sophist Protagoras at the request of Pericles

LUCANIA, Thourioi. Circa 400-350 BC. AR Triobol (11mm, 1.18 gm). Helmeted head of Athena right, helmeted decorated with Skylla / Bull butting left; fish in exergue. SNG ANS 1138-47; HN Italy 1806. VF. Ex-CNG BB0VFA
3 commentsecoli
Lucania, Thourioi44 viewsAR Nomos (20mm, 7.85g)
c. 350-330 BC

O: Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with Scylla hurling stone; Φ on neckguard

R: ΘOΥΡIΩN, Bull butting right; ΘE above, two tunny-fish in exergue

SNG ANS 1078, SNG München 1199
Lucania, Thourioi33 viewsAR Nomos (22.2mm, 7.60g)
c. 385- 360 BCE
Colin E. Pitchfork collection

O: Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with Scylla scanning horizon

R: ΘOΥΡIΩN, Bull butting right; tunny-fish in exergue

SNG ANS 1028
LUCANIA, Thourioi75 viewsHead of Athena right, wearing helmet decorated with Skylla holding rudder over shoulder

Bull butting right; below, dolphin right in waves.

Lucania, Thourioi

Circa 400-350 BC


HN Italy 1794b; SNG ANS 1048.

Ex CNG 385, Lot: 48, Ex-Steve P collection
2 commentsJay GT4
Lucania, Thourioi SNG Copenhagen 1514 cf.55 viewsAE 18 (Hemiobol), 4.47g
struck c. 260 BC
obv. Head of Persephone/Kore, wearing necklace and wreathed with corn-ears, l.
THOVRIA behind
rev. Bull with head down butting l.
[PARME? above]
in ex. fish
SNG Copenhagen 1514 cf.; Laffaille 62 var. (ISTI on rev.)
rare, about VF
From Forum Ancient Coins, thanks!

This rev. was the paradigm of the Augustus denarius RIC I, 169!
1 commentsJochen
Lucania, Thourioi Stater114 viewsHead of Athena right wearing Attic helmet decorated with Skylla holding trident

Bull butting right, solid exurgal line below HR monogram above

c. 420-400 BC


SNG ANS-1041-2 var

Ex Superior, 30 May 1995, lot 7072 (Lewis Egnew Collection), ex-HJB
4 commentsJay GT4
Lucania, Thourioi.36 viewsLucania, Thourioi. 350-281 BC. AR Stater (7.79 gm). Head of Athena, r., wearing Attic helmet decorated with Scylla brandishing stone. / Bull butting r., Nike above, Σ-Ι-M below. ex: ΦΟΥΡΙΩΝ (remnant). EF. Ponterio 145 #118. SNG Cop 1463; HN Italy 1845; HGC 1 1262; Santangelo Coll. (MN Napoli) 4943; SNG ANS -; BMC1 296, 96.1 commentsChristian T
Lucania, Thourioi.22 viewsLucania, Thourioi. 350-300 BC. AR Distater (25mm, 15.09 gm). Head of Athena r., wearing helmet decorated with Skylla throwing stone. / Bull butting r., ΘΟΡΙΩΝ & EYΦA above; in exergue, two fish r. gVF. CNG 102 #64. ex-Tom Cederlind. HN Italy 1823; SNG ANS 977v (ex.); Noe, Thurian J2 (same dies); HGC 1 1257.1 commentsChristian T
LUCANIA. Sybaris. AR Stater50 viewsCirca 550-510 B.C. (28mm, 8.43 g, 12h). Obverse: bull standing left, head reverted; VM in exergue. Reverse: incuse bull standing right, head reverted. S & S Class B, pl. XLVIII, 4-8 Gorini 2; HN Italy 1729. VF, toned.

Ex. Volteia Collection

This coin was minted before the destruction of Sybaris by its neighboring city state Kroton in 510 B.C. We do not know the exact nature why Kroton destroyed this prosperous city. Ancient sources provided us several accounts of Sybaris being a place of hedonism and excess to the point that the very name Sybaris became a byword for opulent luxury, and its destruction was a result of some divine punishment (Diodorus Siculus, Strabo, Aelianus, Athenaeus). Modern revisionist view of the possible demise of Sybaris might be the result of its vast natural wealth and successful trade with its neighbors, which gave Kroton the economic reason to subjugate it. The Sybarites established a new city called Thourioi (Thurii/Thurium) with the help of Athenian settlers. However, the Sybarites were again expelled by the Athenians in 445 B.C. and founded another city for the last time called Sybaris on the Traeis.
Sybaris might be the first to mint coins with an incuse reverse and this practice spread to other Greek city states like Kroton, Metapontion, and Poseidonia. The similar weight and technique in producing these incuse-type coins facilitated trade between the cities mentioned. The bull might represent the river god Crathis or Sybaris, or both: each deity could represent either the obverse or reverse of the coin. The ethnic VM (or YM) in exergue are the first two Greek letters of Sybaris spelled retrogradely. A curious placement of the letter sigma sideways made it appear as letter M on most coins of Sybaris.
5 commentsJason T
Thourioi - AR double nomos (distater)6 viewsc. 4th century BC
head of Athena right wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with Skylla
bull butting right; 2 fish right in exergue
SNG COP. 1430
ex Aurea
Thourioi - AR nomos26 viewsc. 400 - 350 BC
head of Athena right wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with Skylla
bull butting right; fish swimming right below
HN Italy 1783; cf. SNG ANS 1015
ex Roma Numismatics
2 commentsJohny SYSEL
Thourioi, Lucania43 views400 – 350 B.C.
Silver Triobol (1/6 stater)
1.08 gm, 12 mm
Obv.: Head of Athena, wearing crested Attic helmet with Skylla throwing a rock
Rev. Bull butting right, fish in exergue, ΘOYPIΩN above
BMC 1 p.297, 102; Sear 444 var.
1 commentsJaimelai
Thourioi, Lucania15 views400 – 350 B.C.
Silver Diobol
1.09 gm, 12 mm
Obv.: Head of Athena, wearing crested Attic helmet with Skylla throwing a rock
Rev.: Bull butting right with ΔA above,
caduceus in exergue,
BMC 1 p. 297, 104;
Sear 444 var.
Thourioi. AE 1132 viewsHelmeted hd of Athena r.
Bull butting r.
BMC 138
10.4 - 11.4 mm, 1.17 g.
Pekka K
Thurii, Lucania 27 views425-400 BC
AR Diobol (11mm, 1.02g)
O: Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet.
R: Bull butting right; ΘOYPIΩN above; [tunny fish right] in ex.
Sear 438; BMC 1 21

The coinage of Thurii depicts its’ origins, with Athena adorning the obverse, and the bull reverse, although more dynamic here, is reminiscent of the ealier coins of Sybaris.
Thurii, Lucania56 views300-280 BC
AR Didrachm (21mm, 7.67g)
O: Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet ornamented with Skylla hurling a stone.
R: Bull butting right; ΘOYPIΩN and ΘE above, tunny fish in ex.
SNG ANS 1081; HN Italy 1870; Sear 443v (no inscription on exergual line)
From the Frederick H. Rindge collection; ex Jack H. Beymer

Rising from the ruins of New Sybaris, Thurii was originally planned by Perikles of Athens as a Greek utopia. Scientists, artists, poets and philosophers from all over the Greek mainland were encouraged to immigrate to southern Italy around 443 BC to help establish this new city tucked against the mountains between two rivers on the west coast of the Tarentine Gulf. Among those accepting the challenge was Herodotus, who finished his ‘Histories’ here before his death in 420. The sophist Protagoras of Abdera also came, and was commissioned to write the new city’s democratic constitution.
However this idea of a peaceful colony of free-thinkers was destined to be short-lived. By 413 BC the colony was at war with mother-city Athens, and in 390 Thourii suffered a significant defeat by the Lucanians. In response the Thurians called in help from Rome to deal with this threat, and then again in 282 for its’ war with Taras. The city was plundered by Hannibal of Carthage during the second Punic war, who left it in ruin.
2 commentsEnodia
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