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ATARICn4D+R.jpg
58 viewsAthalaricus Rex
AD 526-534
One nummus
Rugser
ATARICn2D+R.jpg
36 viewsAthalaricus Rex
AD 526-534
One nummus
Rugser
ATARICn3D+R.jpg
34 viewsAthalaricus Rex
AD 526-534
One nummus
Rugser
ATARICn1D+R.jpg
40 viewsAthalaricus Rex
AD 526-534
One nummus
Rugser
ATARICn5Dz+Rz.jpg
42 viewsAthalaricus Rex
AD 526-534
One nummus
Rugser
ATARICn6D+R.jpg
36 viewsAthalaricus Rex
AD 526-534
One nummus
Rugser
ATARICn7D+R.jpg
29 viewsAthalaricus Rex
AD 526-534
One nummus
Rugser
ATARICN8D+R.jpg
44 viewsAthalaricus Rex
AD 526-534
One nummus
Rugser
AutoRVn01D+R.jpg
36 viewsOne nummus
Unknown monogramme
Rugser
monogram_1[1].jpg
83 viewsOne nummus
Recimer - Libius Severus
RIC X, Rome 2715.
2 commentsRugser
Monsc01DaR.jpg
102 viewsOne nummus
Unknown monogramme
Rugser
Monsc02DaR.jpg
124 viewsOne nummus
Unknown monogramme
Rugser
Monsc03DR.jpg
110 viewsOne nummus
Unknown monogramme
Rugser
Monsc04DaR.jpg
96 viewsOne nummus
Unknown monogramme
Rugser
Monsc05DaR.jpg
119 viewsOne nummus
Unknown monogramme
Rugser
Monsc06DaR.jpg
123 viewsOne nummus
Unknown monogramme
Rugser
Elagabalus   218-222 A.D Denarius RSC127 RIC3.JPG
41 viewsOBV: IMP.CAES.M.AVR ANTONINVS AVG
REV: P.M.TR.P.COS.P.P
Roma seated left on throne holding Victory and sceptre, shield at side.
nigel nicholson
Elagabalus    218-222  A.D. RSC142(AS125). RIC16.JPG
33 viewsOBV: IMP ANTONINIVS AVG
REV: P.M.TR.P.II.COS.II.P.P.
Roma seated left on throne holding Victory and sceptre shield at side.
nigel nicholson
Trajan_Cos_II.jpg
70 viewsIn the picture we can see how the head of an emperor closely resembles the preceeding one. The top three coins are COS II. RIC 9 (3.6g); RIC 12 (3,40g); RIC 22 (3.31g). All have good weights and the RIC 9 is quite possibly overstruck at 3.6g.

Below the three Trajans is a Nerva and it's very similar to the first issues of Trajan. I think it's safe to say that the engravers did not meet the emperor in person.
Paddy
DenCCatone.jpg
28 viewsDenarius - 123 BC (Grueber 150/125 BC) - Mint of Rome (Crawford). Uncertain mint in Italy (Grueber)
C. [PORCIVS] CATO - Gens Porcia
Obv.: Helmeted head of Roma right, X behind
Rev.: Victory in biga right holding reins and whip; C CATO below, ROMA in ex.
Gs. 3,9 mm. 18,9
Craw. 274/1, Sear RCV 149, BMRRC II 461.



Maxentius
DenMCatone.jpg
19 viewsDenarius - 89 BC. - Mint of Rome
M. PORCIVS CATO - Gens Porcia
Obv.: Female bust right (Roma?). ROMA (MA in monogram) behind. M. CATO below
Rev.:Victoria seated right, holding palm and patera. In ex. VICTRIX (TR in monogram)
Gs. 3,8 mm. 17,7
Crawf. 343/1, Sear RCV 247, Grueber II 657



Maxentius
DenPPorcioLaeca.jpg
22 viewsDenarius -110-109 BC. - Rome mint
P. PORCIVS LAECA - Gens Porcia
Obv.: Helmeted head of Roma right; P LÆCA behind; ROMA above; X under the chin
Rev.: Roman soldier standing left, placing his hand on head of a citizen, lictor standing behind; PROVOCO in ex.
Gs. 3,8 mm. 18,68x16,90
Crawf. 301/1, Sear RCV 178
It refers to Lex Porcia de provocatione, by which a citizen could appeal against military sentences


Maxentius
DenMNAquillius.jpg
34 viewsDenarius - 109/108 BC. Rome mint.
MN. AQVILLIVS - Gens Aquillia
Obv.: Radiate head of Sol right. Before, X
Rev.: Luna (or Diana) in biga right; crescent moon and three stars above. Below, one star and MN (in monogram) AQVIL. In ex. ROMA
Gs. 3,7 mm. 18,81
Craw. 303/1, Sear RCV 180, Grueber II 645
1 commentsMaxentius
DenTMalApClQUrb.jpg
20 viewsDenarius - 111/110 B.C. Rome mint
APPIVS CL. PVLCHER, T. MALLIVS - Gens Mallia - Claudia.
Obv: Helmeted head of Roma right, quadrangular device behind
Rev.: Victory in triga right, T. MAL. (in monogr.) AP. CL. Q. VR. in ex.
Gs. 3,8 mm. 17,82
Crawf. 299/1b, Sear RCV 176, Grueber 1293

For Crawford, Q. VR would not mean Quaestores Urbani, but the name of a third moneyer, Q. Urbinius.
Maxentius
DenMinucioThermo.jpg
46 viewsDenarius - 103 BC.
Q. MINVCIVS M.f. THERMVS - Gens Minucia
Obv.:Helmeted head of Mars (or Rome) left
Rev.: Q. THERM (THE in monogram) M.F. (in monogram) below two warriors in combat, one on left protecting a fallen man.
Gs. 4 mm. 19,37x20,10
Crawf. 319/1, Sear RCV 197

2 commentsMaxentius
DenManlioTorquatoLSilla.jpg
87 viewsDenarius - 82 BC. - Mint moving with Sulla
L. MANLIVS TORQVATVS & L. CORNELIVS SVLLA - Gens Manlia & Cornelia
Obv.: Helmeted head of Roma right, PROQ behind; L MANLI T (T in horizontal position) before.
Rev.: Triumphator in quadriga right, crowned by flying Victory, L SVLLA IMP in ex.
Gs. 4,1 mm. 17,86x18,26
Crawf. 367/3, Sear RCV 287, Grueber II (East) 13

On the coins of this Sulla's issue, there is one of the best stylistic depictions of Rome's head
2 commentsMaxentius
Cherronesoshemidrachm1.jpg
44 viewsThracian Chersonese, Cherronesos AR Hemidrachm. 400-350 BC. Forepart of lion right, head turned back / quadripartite incuse with crested helmet, pellet and 'A' and 'E' monograms in parallel incuse squares.CANTANATRIX
2.jpg
22 viewsGordian II Tranquillina
AUT K MANT GORDIANOS AUG SAB
TRANKUL LINA
OULPIANON AEXIALEON

Upper coin is Anchialos of Gordian III and Tranquillina. I'll go look it up, if someone else hasn't done so already. P.L.
It is AMNG II, 1, p. 289, no. 676. Obv. Gordian facing Tranquillina, AVT K M ANT GORDIANOS AVG SAB and below TRANKVL / LINA. In her name the NK are ligate. Rev. Tyche to l. with kalathos, rudder, and cornucopiae. OVLPIANÔN | AGXIALEÔN (I used Roman letters for Greek). There Strack cites 17 specimens
+Alexios
1.jpg
21 viewsMarcus aurelius
AY KAI M AUR ANTWNEINOC

AEXIALEON

Strack, AMNG II, 1, p. 224, no. 430, which he lists as a 3-units Æ24. Bust of the fully bearded M Aurelius, with cloak over armor, to r. (probably without laurel). AV K M AVRH | ANTÔNEINOS. Rev., Homonoia stg. to l., with kalathos, patera, and cornucopiae. AGXIA | LEÔN. He lists three specimens.
+Alexios
R_708_w.jpg
27 viewsAntoninianus (pre-reform)
Siscia Mint, 1st officina, 271-2 AD
Obv. Rad + cuir bust r., IMP AVRELIANVS AVG round.
Rev. Fortuna seated l on throne, wheel below, rudder at left, cornucopia over l arm, FORTVNA - REDVX round, *P in ex.
3.39 gm, 23 mm
Manzikert
coin412.jpg
40 viewsAnonymous Class C Follis, attributed to Michael IV.
Obverse: +EMMANOVHA. Christ Antiphonetes,
nimbate, standing facing / IC-XC-NI-KA divided by
jewelled cross. Coin #412

cars100
coin634.jpg
13 viewsOne of the ones that names Silanos RPC 4268 or 4269
legend EΠΙ ΣΙΛΑΝΟΥ ΑΝΤΙΟΧΕΩΝ
Year ΓΜ = 43, AD 12/13 or , AD 13/14
Antiochia (Syria) Æs
It's often called the "Star of Bethlehem" coin.
Coin #634
cars100
coin129.jpg
37 viewsArcadius Æ3. RIC IX 97 Antioch mint, 401-403 AD. D N
ARCADIVS P F AVG, helmeted bust facing 3/4
right, holding spear & shield decorated with cross
/ CONCORDIA AVGG, Constantinopolis enthroned
facing, head right, foot on prow, holding scepter &
Victory on globe, ANTG in ex. LRBC 2797.
Coin #129
cars100
coin148.jpg
19 viewsArcadius Æ3. Antioch mint, 401-403 AD. D N
ARCADIVS P F AVG, helmeted bust facing 3/4
right, holding spear & shield decorated with cross
/ CONCORDIA AVGG, Constantinopolis enthroned
facing, head right, foot on prow, holding scepter &
Victory on globe, ANTG in ex. LRBC 2797.
Coin #148
cars100
Twosoldiers.jpg
95 viewsDN CONSTANTINVS PF AVG

New photo of one of my first coins. From an uncleaned lot.

I never did get around to attributing it!
Jay GT4
01141q00.jpg
13 viewsJustinian I, 527-565. 1/2 Siliqua (Silver, 14 mm, 1.31 g, 9 h), Carthage, 534/7-552. D N IVSTINIANVS P P AG Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust of Justinian I to right. Rev. Large monogram; cross above, S below; all within wreath. DOC -. MIB 53. SB 254 ('siliqua'). Darkly toned. Struck on the usual somewhat irregular flan, otherwise, good very fine. Quant.Geek
sfc-data-dificil-500-rs-1936-rgte-feijo-2-D_NQ_NP_1897-MLB4769578494_082013-F.jpg
9 viewsMOEDA - 500 Réis - 1938 - Regente Feijó
________________________________________
Série Ilustres
Excelente estado de conservação


ANVERSO
O busto do Regente do Império Diogo António Feijó circundado pela inscrição REGENTE FEIJÓ. Em baixo, monograma do gravador Calmon Barreto.

REVERSO
No centro, uma coluna coríntia encimada pela inscrição circular BRASIL entre dois filetes. À esquerda do campo, o valor 500 e, à direita, a palavra RÉIS em posição horizontal. No exergo, a data e, ao lado direito, a sigla do gravador Walter Toledo.

PADRÃO MONETÁRIO
MIL-RÉIS (de 08/10/1833 a 31/10/1942)

PERÍODO POLÍTICO
República, Era Vargas (1930-1945)

ORIGEM
Casa da Moeda, Rio de Janeiro

CARACTERÍSTICAS
Material: bronze alumínio
Diâmetro: 22,5 mm
Peso: 5,00 g
Espessura: 1,80 mm
Bordo: serrilhado
Titulagem: Cu 910, Al 90
Eixo: reverso medalha (EV)
_____________________
Antonivs Protti
112~0.JPG
98 viewsHistory of Thessalian League
The Thessalian League/confederacy was made up of several cities in the Thessalian valley in Northern Greece. This area was completely surrounded by mountains and isolated except for a few passes. It was one of the few areas of Greece self-sufficient in grain and produced livestock and horses. Thessaly had the best calvary in Greece. The league was frequently weakened by intercity rivalries and lost its strength in the 5th century BC. The league was re-established in 374 BC by the tyrant Jason. He was assassinated in 370 BC, when it became evident that he had plans of conquest against the rest of Greece. After the death of Jason, there was infighting in the league and some of the cities requested help from Philip II of Macedon to settle the rivalries, which he accomplished in 353 BC. A few years later (344 BC), Philip II simply took control of the entire area. Thessaly remained under Macedonian control until Macedonia was defeated by the Romans in 197 BC. A new league was established in 196 BC. The league continued until 146 BC, then became part of the Roman province of Macedonia.
Antonivs Protti
alexander_the_great.jpg
109 viewsAR drachm (4.26 gm), Lampsacus, ca. 310/9 - 309/8 BC.
Obverse: Head of young Heracles right in lion skin headdress.
Reverse: Zeus entroned left, holding eagle and sceptor, race torch under throne.
Ex:Freeman and Sear Mail Bid Sale 13, lot 696
6 commentspaul1888
severus_alexander_virtus.jpg
97 viewsSeverus Alexander, AR Denarius, 228-231, Rome
Obverse: IMP SEV ALEXAND AVG
Laureate head right, slight drapery on left shoulder
Reverse: VIRTVS AVG
Virtus, helmeted, right breast exposed, standing left, Victory in right hand, left hand resting on shield, spear against left arm
18mm x 20mm, 3.29g
RIC IV, Part II, 220 (C)
Note: purchased from Beast Coins October 2007. Zack indicated that It was one of the first ancient coins he ever owned and bought it from David Vagi at the Mid-America Coin Show in 2000 along with 14 other pieces
3 commentspaul1888
Thrace_Gorg.jpg
61 viewsTHRACE; Apollonia Pontica. Circa 450-400 BC. AR Hemidrachm (2.76 gm; 12 mm).
Anchor between crayfish and A. / Gorgoneion with tongue protruding. SNG Cop. 454; SNG BM 162
2 commentspaul1888
chersonesos_hemidrachm_.jpg
73 viewsTHRACE, Black Sea Area. Chersonesos. Circa 460 BC. AR Hemidrachm (2.25 gm; 12 mm).
Forepart of lion right, head reverted / Quadripartite incuse square; pellet and Rooster monograms in opposite quadrants. Cf. BMC Thrace pg. 185, 42; Cf. SNG Cop. 824ff. Rare variety with Rooster on reverse
4 commentspaul1888
constantius_ii_campgate_smts1.jpg
39 viewsThe patina on this one is a beautiful dark green and glossy
Constantine II CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C LDC left
PROVIDEN-TIAE CAESS 2 6 to 8, three seen with a base, two of them with dots in top layer SMTS Delta Thessalonica RIC VII Thessalonica 157 C3 326-328
James b4
edward_III.jpg
45 viewsEdward III Groat; Pre-Treaty Period; 1356 to 1361

Edward III - Born: November 13, 1312 – Died: June 21, 1377; was Kind of England from February 1, 1327 to June 21, 1377. He was considered one of the most successful kinds of the middle ages and rebuilt the military into an international military power. His reign occurred directly after the reign of his father, Edward II, who was not considered a successful king.
1 commentspaul1888
FAUSTJR-1.jpg
35 viewsFAUSTINA II (wife of M. Aurelius) - As - 160 AD - Rome mint
Obv: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, Draped bust right
Rev: FECVND AVGVSTAE S C, Fecunditas standing left, one child on each arm, two at her feet
Gms 9,2 mm 27,3
RIC 1636 Cohen 97
Maxentius
sb360,29mm1491gpir.jpg
91 viewsObverse: DN IVSTINVS PP AVG (or similar) Justin, on L., and Sophia, on r., seated facing on double throne, both nimbate; he holds gl. cr., she holds cruciform sceptre; rarely with cross between heads.
Reverse: Large M between ANNP and regnal year (G,I) yr 7, cross above, officina letter "deta" below, In ex. CON.
Date: 569/70 CE
Mint: constantinople
Sear 360 DO 22-43
29mm 14.91 gm
wileyc
britannicus01.jpg
47 viewsAE sestertius. Struck under Claudius, circa 50-54 AD, uncertain eastern provincial mint located in the modern-day Balkans.
Obv : TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG F BRITANNICVS, draped bust left.
Rev : - No legend, Mars advancing left, holding spear and shield, SC in fields. 35mm, 19.4g. Extremely Rare.

Ref : BMCRE 226
Cohen 2
RCV 1908, valued at $32,000 in Fine, which is a few multiples greater than any other sestertius issued during the several centuries the denomination was in use.
A large number of the surviving examples of this series (one may even suggest a majority of them), due to their rarity, have been subjected to modern alteration techniques such as smoothing, tooling, and repatination. As such, it's actually pleasant to see a bit of field roughness and a 'plain brown' patina of old copper on this example, evidence that it is just as ugly as it was the day it was last used in circulation back in Ancient Rome.
Britannicus, originally known as Germanicus after Claudius' older brother, was the emperor's original intended heir and natural son. Machinations by Agrippina II eventually saw Britannicus supplanted by her own son Nero, (by Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus) who took the throne upon Claudius' suspicious death. Britannicus himself died a few years later, reportedly poisoned by his step-brother. The future emperor Titus and Britannicus were close friends, and Titus became quite ill and nearly died after eating from the same poisoned dish that killed Britannicus.
R. Smits, Numismatist for Numismall
thumbnail.jpg
10 viewsMoeda Brasil 1935- 1000 Reis
Serie Ilustres - Padre Anchieta
Módulo Maior - Escassa
________________________________

ANVERSO
Efígie do Padre José de Anchieta, de perfil, onde
se ostenta a inscrição vertical ANCHIETA.
Missionário e fundador de São Paulo.
Sigla do gravador Calmon Barreto.

REVERSO
No centro, um livro aberto e o valor 1000 réis em
semicírculo. Sob o valor, a data. No exergo, a palavra
BRASIL. Sigla do gravador Walter Toledo.

PADRÃO MONETÁRIO
MIL-RÉIS (de 08/10/1833 a 31/10/1942)

PERÍODO POLÍTICO
República, Era Vargas (1930-1945)

ORIGEM
Casa da Moeda, Rio de Janeiro

CARACTERÍSTICAS
Material: bronze alumínio
Diâmetro: 26,7 mm
Peso: 8,00 g
Espessura: 2,10 mm
Bordo: serrilhado
Antonivs Protti
Copy_of_severus-alexander_ae-sestertius_quadriga_cut-01.JPG
28 viewsSeverus Alexander
Ancient Rome
Emperor Severus Alexander(222 - 232 AD) AE (Bronze) Sestertius
Struck at the Rome Mint in AD 229 - 230.

obv: IMP SEV ALEXANDER AVG - Laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder.

rev: P M TR P VIII COS III P P - Emperor riding in quadriga right holding eagle tipped sceptre in one hand and holding the reigns in the other.
'SC' below, in exergue.

Weight: 21 Grams
Size: 32 - 33 mm

References: Cohen 377, RIC 495
5 commentsrexesq
Copy_of_severus-alexander_ae-sestertius_quadriga_02.jpg
16 viewsSeverus Alexander
Ancient Rome
Emperor Severus Alexander(222 - 232 AD) AE (Bronze) Sestertius
Struck at the Rome Mint in AD 229 - 230.

obv: IMP SEV ALEXANDER AVG - Laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder.

rev: P M TR P VIII COS III P P - Emperor riding in quadriga right holding eagle tipped sceptre in one hand and holding the reigns in the other.
'SC' below, in exergue.

Weight: 21 Grams
Size: 32 mm - 33 mm

References: Cohen 377, RIC 495
-----------------------

~*~I will most likely be taking this coin out of it's plastic prison soon. I will post more pics after doing so.~*~
rexesq
DSC08136_sev-alex_sest_quadriga.JPG
8 viewsSeverus Alexander
Ancient Rome
Emperor Severus Alexander(222 - 232 AD) AE (Bronze) Sestertius
Struck at the Rome Mint in AD 229 - 230.

obv: IMP SEV ALEXANDER AVG - Laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder.

rev: P M TR P VIII COS III P P - Emperor riding in quadriga right holding eagle tipped sceptre in one hand and holding the reigns in the other.
'SC' below, in exergue.

Weight: 21 Grams
Size: 32 mm - 33 mm
rexesq
DSC08134_sev-alex_sest_quadriga.JPG
12 viewsSeverus Alexander
Ancient Rome
Emperor Severus Alexander(222 - 232 AD) AE (Bronze) Sestertius
Struck at the Rome Mint in AD 229 - 230.

obv: IMP SEV ALEXANDER AVG - Laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder.

rev: P M TR P VIII COS III P P - Emperor riding in quadriga right holding eagle tipped sceptre in one hand and holding the reigns in the other.
'SC' below, in exergue.

Weight: 21 Grams
Size: 32 mm - 33 mm
rexesq
DSC08131_sev-alex_sest_quadriga.JPG
13 viewsSeverus Alexander
Ancient Rome
Emperor Severus Alexander(222 - 232 AD) AE (Bronze) Sestertius
Struck at the Rome Mint in AD 229 - 230.

obv: IMP SEV ALEXANDER AVG - Laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder.

rev: P M TR P VIII COS III P P - Emperor riding in quadriga right holding eagle tipped sceptre in one hand and holding the reigns in the other.
'SC' below, in exergue.

Weight: 21 Grams
Size: 32 mm - 33 mm
rexesq
carinus_emmett_4001.JPG
45 viewsCarinus
Alexandrian tetradrachm
A K M A KAPINOC CEB, Laureate and cuirassed bust right
Athena seated left on throne, with Nike on right hand and spear in left hand, shield beneath, LB across (year 2) 282-283AD
Emmett 4001, rated R3
1 commentstjaart
bsiszzz.jpg
31 viewsSiscia
RIC VIII 99, B Constans, AE4. CONSTAN-S PF AVG, rosette-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right / GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with one standard between them, chi-rho on banner. Mintmark: BSIS dot in crescent. RIC VIII Siscia 99.
Patrick O3
Thrace_Dionysos.jpg
25 viewsMaroneia, Thrace. 146-100BC, AE18mm.

Obv. Wreathed head of young Dionysos right. Rev. Dionysos left holding grapes, NARTHEX in right field, monogram in near left field.
Lee S
Hieron_II_Sicily_Syracuse.jpg
32 viewsSicily, Syracuse, Hieron II. 287-278BC. AE20mm. Obv. Head of Persephone left, with Wreath of grain ears. Rev.Bull butting left with dolphins above and below. Reference: Calciati II pg. 341, 190
Lee S
Drachm_from_Ionia,_Magnesia.jpg
29 views Drachm from Ionia, Magnesia. AR18mm
Left field: Δ within wreath. Beneath throne: Ε
319-305 BC, Price 1983.
( Thanks Rover1.3 for the ID!)
Lee S
Dänemark_Christian_IX_2_Öre_1886_Kopenhagen_Delfin_Ähre_Krone_Bronze.jpg
15 views
Dänemark

Christian XI. 1863-1906

2 Öre

1886

Münzstätte: Kopenhagen

Vs.: Gekröntes Monogramm

Rs.: Nominal flankiert von Delfin und Ähre

Zitat: KM# 793.1

Erhaltung: Kratzer, ansonsten sehr schön - fast vorzüglich

Metall: Bronze

21 mm, 3,79 g _399
Antonivs Protti
DOA_Deutsch_Ostafrika_1_Pesa_1892_Berlin_Krone_Adler_Kranz.jpg
18 viewsDeutsch-Ostafrikanische Gesellschaft

1 Pesa

1892

Münzstätte: Berlin

Vs: Im Lorbeerkranz auf arabisch "Gesellschaft Deutschlands" und die islamische Jahreszahl (in arabischen Zahlzeichen) 1309 für 1892

Rs: Reichsadler

Literatur: Jäger 710

Erhaltung: Schön

Metall: Kupfer

25 mm, 6,26 g _694
Antonivs Protti
HABSBURG_WIEN_6_Kreuzer_1800_Franz_Kopf_Krone_Doppeladler.jpg
34 viewsRDR -- Haus Habsburg

Franz II. (1792-1806-1835)

1800

6 Kreuzer (Kupfer)

Münzstätte: Wien (A)

Vs: Kopf nach rechts, darunter in Verzierung Münzzeichen (A). Umschrift: "FRANZ•II•RÖM•KAI•KÖN•Z•HU•U•BÖ•ERZH• Z•OEST•"

Rs: unter Krone Doppeladler, auf der Brust Wertzahl. Umschrift: "SECHS•KREUTZER•ERBLAENDISCH•1800•"

Gewicht: 12,4g

Durchmesser: 31 mm

Erhaltung: schön _799
Antonivs Protti
Libyen_Idris_I_2_Milliemes_1952_Krone_Kranz_Bronze.jpg
11 views

Libyen

Idris I. 1951-1969

2 Milliemes

AD 1952

Vs.: König Idris I. n. r.

Rs.: Nominal über Jahr, das Ganze im Kranz, oben Krone

Rand: Glatt

Erhaltung: Sehr schön

Metall: Bronze

24 mm, 6,08 g _396
Antonivs Protti
MECKLENBURG_SCHWERIN_Pfennig_1872_Friedrich_Franz_Monogramm_Krone.jpg
19 viewsRDR -- Mecklenburg-Schwerin

Friedrich Franz II. (1842-1883)

Pfennig (Kupfer)

Münzstätte: Schwerin

Vs: Gekröntes Monogramm. Umschrift: "VGG GROSSH V MECKLENB SCHWERIN"

Rs: Wert, Jahreszahl und Münzzeichen (B).

Gewicht: 1,5g

Durchmesser: 15 mm

Erhaltung: sehr schön _397
Antonivs Protti
Preussen_2_Mark_1901_Friedrich_I__Wilhelm_II_Helm_Adler_Krone_Silber.jpg
23 viewsDeutsches Reich

Preussen

Königreich



Wilhelm II. (1888-1918)

2 Mark 1901

Münzstätte: Berlin

Anlässlich des 200jährigen Bestehen des Königreiches



Vorderseite: "+FRIEDRICH.I.1701. WILHELM.II.1901." um gestaffelte Brustbilder (nach links), das vordere mit gekröntem Adler auf Helm

Rückseite: "DEUTSCHES REICH 1901 / * ZWEI MARK *" um Krone über Adler mit Wappenschild auf Brusthöhe

Rand geriffelt

feine Kratzer, Vorzüglich / Stempelglanz

Silber (900/1000)

11,1g

Durchmesser ca. 28mm

AKS # 136

Jaeger # 105 _2998
Antonivs Protti
RDR_Österreich_Leopold_1_Kreuzer_1701_Oppeln_Opole_Krone_Adler_Silber.jpg
35 views
RDR

Österreich

Leopold 1657-1705

1 Kreuzer

1701

Münzstätte: Oppeln

Vs.: Bekränztes Brustbild n. r.

Rs.: Gekrönter doppelköpfiger Adler mit Wertzahl auf der Brust

Literatur: Herinek 1800

Erhaltung: Fast sehr schön

Metall: Silber

17 mm, 0,77 g _2191
Antonivs Protti
caracalla_securitas_new.jpg
38 viewsRoman Empire, Caracalla 198-217, Denarius; 3.32g
"IMP CAES M AVR ANTON AVG" Laureate, draped bust of Caracalla right.
"SECVRIT ORBIS" Securitas seated on a throne with cornucopiae and scepter.
RSC III 571b
1 commentspaul1888
Boeotia_Pharai.jpg
23 viewsBOEOTIA, Pharai. 4th century BC. AR Obol (0.85 g). Boeotian shield / Amphora; wheat ear to left; all within concave circle. BCD Boiotia 236. Near VF, toned, light roughness.

From the BCD Collection.
1 commentsareich
Corinth.jpg
36 viewsCORINTHIA, Corinth. Circa 375-300 BC. AR Diobol (10mm, 0.78 g, 12h). Pegasos flying left / Pegasos standing left; Δ-I below. BCD Corinth -; SNG Copenhagen -; cf. BMC 208. Fine, toned, porous.

Ex Coin Galleries (14 November 1984), lot 121.
areich
Alexandria_Egypt_tetradrachm.jpg
43 viewsEGYPT, ALEXANDRIA, Gallienus (A.D. 253-268), Potin Tetradrachm, 10.77g., 23mm, Dated year 14 (A.D. 266/7), AVT K P LIK GALLIHNOC CEB, laureate and cuirassed bust right, rev., eagle standing left, head right, holding wreath in beak, L ID (date) before, palm behind, (Köln 2932; Dattari 5283; Milne 4145),


Provenance:

Ex Boston Museum of Fine Arts (Deaccessioned #88.230).

Purchased from Alfred Oscar van Lennep (1851-1913), Anglo-Dutch Numismatic and Antiquities Dealer (Smyrna, (Izmir) Turkey), January 5th, 1888.
paul1888
1170076l.jpg
61 viewsGREEK COIN. MACEDON. Neapolis. AR Hemidrachm, circa 424-350 BC.
Obv: Facing Gorgoneion with protruding tongue.
Rev: Head of Nymph right within circular incuse.
Silver. 1.97 grams.
SNG ANS.430
2 commentspaul1888
roman_tray3a.jpg
34 viewsPreparing to trim down my collection to one portait of each Roman family member that I can find this is the third tray to the end of the third century.mauseus
roman_tray2a.jpg
62 viewsPreparing to trim down my collection to one portait of each Roman family member that I can find this is the second tray, the first part of the third century. Compiled this tray then noticed that I'd forgotten to put in Trajan Decius (doh!).1 commentsmauseus
PICT0242.JPG
128 viewsAn 18 tray cabinet with doors. This was one of five cabinets I built for this collector to house his collection of ancient electrum and gold.

www.CabinetsByCraig.net
cmcdon0923
Tripura_RB-136.jpg
17 viewsTripura, Udaya Manikya, Tanka, 11.16g, Sk 1489, citing Queen Hira, as previous lot, but border of arches on the obverse points right rather than left, no bead in front of lion, none of the date behind lion's back leg; reverse legend arranged slightly differently: Śri Śri Yutoda/ya Manikya/ Deva Śri Hi/ra Maha Devyau (RB. 136; KM. 79)SpongeBob
promissary-2C.jpg
3 views1891 Promissory Note - John Deckman
Lycoming County, Pennsylvania
Payable for $100.00 one year after date of issue
SpongeBob
promissary-1C.jpg
3 views1891 Promissory Note - John Deckman
Lycoming County, Pennsylvania
Payable for $100.00 one year after date of issue
SpongeBob
Denarius_111-110.jpg
15 viewsDenarius
Appius Claudius Pulcher, T Manlius Mancinus & Q Urbinus
Mint: Rome
111-110 BCE

Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma, right; behind, mark (circle within a triangle); border of dots
Reverse: Victory in triga right, holding reins in both hands, one horse looking back; AP CL T MAL Q VR in exergue; border of dots

Crawford (RRC) 299/1a
Sydenham 570
RSC I Mallia 1
SRCV I 176
Shea B
Cherronesos_Hemidrachm.jpg
23 viewsCherronesos Hemidrachm
480-350 BCE

Obverse: Forepart of lion right, head turned
Reverse: Quadripartite incuse square with alternating raised and sunken quarters; partial E and dolphin pellet in opposite sunken quarters

BMC 31
SNG Copenhagen 829
Weber 2413
SNG Leake 1704
2 commentsShea B
Boeotia_Drachm.jpg
38 viewsBoeotia, Federal Coinage, c. 304-294 BC, Drachm, 5.79g, 18mm. Boiotian shield decorated with vertical caduceus / Amphora; Δ-I across field; all within incuse square. BCD Boiotia 70; SNG Copenhagen 412 var. (pellet above amphora). Good Very fine, high relief and lovely tone1 commentspaul1888
IMG_2767.JPG
32 viewsAE Onkia, 2.11 g, Sicily, Panormos, ca. 415-380 B.C. Obv: Forepart of Man-headed bull facing left, possibly ear of corn above or simply an encrustation divided from the man-faced bull by the tooler, in which case SYS should be above. Rev: Horse trotting right, ear of corn above. Calciati I, 272, no. 11. Hoover HGC 2, 1062 (this coin); Giuseppe Bucetti "Monete, Storia e topografia della Sicilia Greca," p. 344 (this coin); MSP I, 48b (this coin illustrated).

Definite tooling around the major devices, on the legs and back. Face apparently untouched though field in front has been smoothed.

Ex. Dr. Busso-Peus, Auction 386, No. 108 (unsold). Tooled.
2 commentsMolinari
Herrli-01_31.jpg
11 viewsSIKH EMPIRE: AE ¼ anna (7.35g), Amritsar, VS(18)96, KM-5var, Herrli-01.31, small cross in obverse field, pa anna nanakshahi on reverse, lovely strike, gorgeous EF, R, ex Paul Stevens Collection. Herrli divided these into a paisa (=¼ anna) and half paisa (11-12g, and 5.5g, respectively), but all coins are inscribed "pa anna" for ¼ anna, and all weigh in the range of 7.0g to 8.5g; thus there is only one denomination for this type.
Quant.Geek
MUGHALS-FARUKHSIYAR-AKBARABAD_MINT-ONE_RUPEE-RAREST_SILVER_COIN-84s-l1600.jpg
14 viewsAntonivs Protti
MUGHAL_INDIA_-_AHMED_SHAH_-_SHAHJAHANABAD_MINT_-_ONE_RUPEE_-FULL_MINT-.jpg
14 viewsAntonivs Protti
MUGHAL_INDIA_-_AHMED_SHAH_-_SHAHJAHANABAD_MINT_-_ONE_RUPEE_-FULL_MINT-_SILVER.jpg
13 viewsAntonivs Protti
MUGHALS-SHAH_ALAM_BAHADUR-AKBARABAD_MINT-ONE_RUPEE-s-l1600.jpg
11 viewsAntonivs Protti
MUGHALS-AURANGZEB-6-AKBARABAD_MINT-ONE_RUPEE.jpg
10 viewsAntonivs Protti
DELHI_SULTANATE-ALAUDDIIN_MOHAMMED_KHILJI-ONE_RUPEE-BEAUTIFUL_SILVER_COIN-26s-l500_(9).jpg
8 viewsAntonivs Protti
DELHI_SULTANATE-ALAUDDIIN_MOHAMMED_KHILJI-ONE_RUPEE-BEAUTIFUL_SILVER_COIN-27600.jpg
9 viewsAntonivs Protti
DELHI_SULTANATE-ALAUDDIIN_MOHAMMED_KHILJI-ONE_RUPEE-BEAUTIFUL_SILVER_COIN-180_(9).jpg
8 viewsAntonivs Protti
JODHPUR_STATE_-_ONE_RUPEE33).jpg
12 viewsAntonivs Protti
Pseudo_Rhodian_Drachm.jpg
35 viewsMacedonian Kingdom. Perseus. 179-168 B.C. AR drachm (15 mm, 2.60 g, 12 h). ca. 171/0 B.C. Aristokrates, magistrate. Head of Helios facing slightly right / P-O, rose with bud to left; in left field, club; above, magistrate's name: [ΑΡΙ]ΣΤΟΚΡΑΤΗΣ. R. J. H. Ashton, ""Clubs, Thunderbolts, Torches, Stars and Caducei: more Pseudo-Rhodian Drachms from Mainland Greece and the Islands,"" NC 162 (2002), 17 (A6/P5; this coin). Toned. Very fine.
Ex Naville V (18 June 1923), 2669. British Museum Duplicate, Ex: British Museum


The Pseudo-Rhodian drachms were struck, probably by the Macedonians under Perseus but possibly by the Romans, to pay for Mercenaries from Crete and Rhodes who would have been familiar with Rhodian coinage. The coins in the name of the magistrate Aristokrates with the club symbol in the field is the largest known individual issue of pseudo-Rhodian drachms from the Third Macedonian War, and used at least twenty-nine obverse dies.
paul1888
Corinthian_Aryballos.jpg
28 viewsCorinthian Aryballos
ca. 6th century BC. Black figure decoration with winged figure. Provenance:Ex: Toledo Museum of Art; Came to Toledo Museum of Art in 1948. Not accessioned has an ID number of "App 7-30-48". UNACC.3.1948. H: 2 1/2 in. (6.4 cm).
paul1888
_DSCCC3710.jpg
8 viewsivus Augustus (died AD 14). Orichalcum dupondius (30mm, 15.45 gm, 6h). Rome, under Claudius, AD 42-50. DIVVS AVGVSTVS, radiate head of the deified Augustus left between S – C /A, Livia seated to left holding grain ears in right hand and long torch wrapped in left arm. RIC (Claudius) 101 (R2). BMCRE (Claudius) 224. Cohen 93. Rare! Boldly struck on a large, heavy flan, from dies of exceptional style. Fantastic portrait and natural chocolate brown patina. Choice Extremely Fine. From The Lexington Collection. Ex UBS 78 (Basel, 9 September 2008), lot 1377. One of the first acts of Claudius, after his accession as emperor, was to propose that the late Livia, wife of Augustus, be deified. The Senate granted this honor in AD AD 42, 13 years after her death, and the appropriate celebrations were made. This attractive coin could be viewed as commemorating the event, depicting the long-deified Augustus along new, with his newly elevated wife. The work of cutting the dies was obviously considered important enough to be given to a master engraver, as both the portrait of Augustus and the graceful image of Livia are of outstanding quality.1 commentsRonald
Sear-1966.jpg
28 viewsManuel I Comnenus. 1143-1180. BI Aspron Trachy (30mm, 2.62 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 1167-1183(?). Christ Pantokrator enthroned facing; star to either side / Manuel standing facing, wearing loros, being crowned by the Theotokos (Virgin Mary) standing left. DOC 13d; SB 1966Quant.Geek
110893LG.jpg
7 viewsSouthern Gaul, Volcae-Tectosages. 1st century B.C. AR drachm (12 mm, 2.39 g). Head left with wild hair and Negroid features / Cross with one ring and three pellets in angles, crescents enclosing each quadrant. LT 2986Quant.Geek
Philip_I_antelope_right_VI_june_22_2018.jpg
25 viewsSilver antoninianus, RIC IV 22 (R2), RSC IV 188, SRCV III 8959 var. (antelope left), Hunter III 48 var. (same), Choice aEF, excellent centering on a broad flan, excellent portrait, light toning, some luster, strike slightly soft/flat, some die wear, 6th officina, Rome mint, weight 4.402g, maximum diameter 23.8mm, die axis 0o, 248 A.D.; obverse IMP PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse SAECVLARES AVGG, antelope walking right, VI in exergue; very rare with antelope right (only two on Coin Archives and one sold for $700!; ex Beast Coins; Ex Forum coin and picture1 commentspaul1888
Sear-366.jpg
6 viewsJustin II, with Sophia. 565-578. Æ Half Follis (20mm, 6.62 g, 6h). Thessalonica mint. Dated RY 8 (572/3). Nimbate figures of Justin and Sophia seated facing on double throne, holding globus cruciger and cruciform scepter, respectively / Large K; cross above, date across field; TЄS. DOC 73; MIBE 70a; SB 366. Quant.Geek
Zy4o5EnCf2EqKSe3w9Ft77mQBN8sG6.jpg
6 viewsC. 328-329 AD

Reverse: PROVIDENTIAE AVGG, camp gate, SMNΓ in ex.

Toned with a super portrait and good metal.

Ref: RIC 153

3.13g

20mm
paul1888
gaul.jpg
30 viewsC. 200-49 BC

Obverse: Bust of Artemis right, monogram before.

Reverse: Lion walking right, MAΣΣA above.

Grey tone with a nice portrait and good metal. – Old collection ticket included.

Ref: SNG Cop 786

Weight: 2.54g

17mm
3 commentspaul1888
Trajan.jpg
65 viewsTrajan AR Denarius. Rome, AD 113-114. IMP TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC P M TR P, laureate and draped bust right / COS VI P P SPQR, Trajan's column surmounted by statue of the emperor; at base, two eagles. RIC 307; BMCRE 522; RSC 115. 3.53g, 20mm, 6h.
Of all of the truly monumental buildings and commemorative structures which the emperor Trajan built, only one, the Columna Traiani, has survived in a reasonable state of completeness. Indeed, it appears almost identical in person as it does on coins, except that the statue of Trajan that originally surmounted it was replaced in 1588 with a statue of St. Paul. When completed, the column occupied a prominent place between two libraries, the Basilica Ulpia and the Temple of Trajan and Plotina. The column was massive: it was over 12 feet in diameter at its base, and rose to a height of nearly 130 feet. Its core was comprised of 34 blocks of Carrara white marble that were made hollow so as to accommodate a circular staircase of 185 steps. The most remarkable feature of the column, however, was its ornamentation, for the friezes on its exterior are some of the most inspiring works of art ever produced. Monumental in scope and execution, they record Trajan’s two Dacian campaigns, from 101-3 and 104-6. All told, there are more than 2,500 individually sculpted figures distributed among more than 150 scenes. The emperor himself is represented no less than fifty times – not a surprise considering his penchant for commemorative architecture and his pride in having added Dacia to the provinces of the empire. “ Source: NAC”

Ex Michael Kelly Collection of Roman Silver Coins
4 commentspaul1888
merged.jpg
47 viewsHere is my most recent project, both for the same collector. There are two separate cabinets, one containing 5 drawers each capable of holding 60 slabs. The other was a 45 tray cabinet with a variety of tray configurations, with a total capacity of over 2,200 raw coins. They were shipped in four boxes weighing approximately 215 pounds, total. (The pictures were taken in slightly different lighting conditions, which tends to make them look different in color, but they actually matched quite well.)

www.CabinetsByCraig.net
2 commentscmcdon0923
pius967.jpg
Antoninius Pius, RIC II 967, 138-161 CE18 views
Antoninius Pius AE Sestertius
Obverse: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P IMP II, laureate head right.
Reverse: TR POT XX COS III S C, Securitas seated on chair formed by two cornucopia, holding sceptre and resting left arm on the top of one of the cornucopia.
30.5 mm., 21.7 g.
NORMAN K
altar1s.jpg
Constantine the Great, RIC VII 73 Siscia, 319 CE34 viewsObverse: IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, laureate helmet & cuirassed.
Reverse:VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP [ Joyous victory to the eternal
Prince] two Victories standing, facing one another, together holding shield
inscribed VOT PR [VOTA POPULI ROMANI (vows of the Roman people)]on altar.
gamma SIS dot in ex. RIC VII Siscia 73, 18.9 mm 2.6 g. rare
NORMAN K
ma1a.jpg
Septimius Severus Denarius, RIC 411a, Emesa23 views
Septimius Severus Denarius. Emesa mint, 194-195 CE.
Obverse: IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, laureate head right.
Reverse: MONET AVG, moneta standing left holding scales & cornucopiae.
18.5 mm., 3.2 g., RIC 411a, RSC 330. BMC 380
NORMAN K
Augustus_As_Sextus_Nonius.jpg
2 Augustus AE As43 viewsAugustus AE As
6 BC
Moneyer Sextus Nonius Quinctilianus

CAESAR AVGVST PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT, bare head right / SEX NONIVS QVINCTILIAN IIIVIR AAAFF around large SC.

Cohen 474, RIC 439, Cohen 474, BMC 237
RI0008
Sosius
Augustus_Irippo.jpg
2 Augustus Irippo29 viewsAUGUSTUS
Æ Semis of Irippo, Spain, 27 BC - 14 AD

IRIPPO, Bare head of Augustus right within wreath / Female figure seated left, holding pine-cone and cornucopia; all within wreath.

RPC 55; SNG Cop. 152-4. VF, green patina
RI0010
Sosius
Caligula_As_3.jpg
4 Caligula As33 viewsGAIUS (CALIGULA)
Æ As (29mm, 11.75 g, 5h) Rome mint. Struck AD 40-41.

C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG P M TR P IIII P P, Bare head left / VESTA, S-C across field, Vesta seated left on throne, holding patera and scepter.

RIC I 54, Cohen 29. VF, green patina, some roughness.

Ex CNG
RI0015
Sosius
Nero_Den_RIC_60_reimaged.jpg
6 Nero27 viewsNERO
AR Denarius (19mm, 3.43 g, 6h)
Rome mint. Struck ~65-66 AD

O: Laureate head right

R: Salus seated left on throne, holding patera.

RIC I 60; RSC 314. aVF

Ex-CNG Sale 35, Lot 737, 9/20/95

In AD 65-66 two new types appear on the coins of Nero, Jupiter Custos- “Guardian”, and Salus- “Well-Being” (of the emperor). Nero gave thanks for surviving the Pisonian Conspiracy, which got its name from G. Calpurnius Piso, a senator put forward as an alternative emperor by senior military officers and government officials who feared the increasingly erratic Nero. The plot was discovered, many prominent Romans were executed, and others, such as the philosopher Seneca, were forced to commit suicide. This delayed the emperor’s fate for a few years.

RI0043
1 commentsSosius
Nero_Prov_As.jpg
6 Nero AE As17 viewsNERO
AE As
Moesia or Balkan mint (Perinthus, Thrace?)

O: NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M, Laureate head right

R: S-C, Neptune standing left, holding dolphin and trident.

RPC I 1760; BMCRE 391 note, pl. 48, 11; WCN pg. 245, 1 var. (obverse legend); RIC: not listed but mentioned on pp. 186-187.

Fine/Good
RI0044
Sosius
Vindex_denarius.jpg
6.75 Revolt of Vindex58 viewsRevolt Against Nero, Gaius Iulius Vindex, Governor of Gallia Lugdunensis, c. Late 67 - May 68 A.D.

Struck by Gaius Iulius Vindex, the Roman governor of Gallia Lugdunensis, who rebelled against Nero's tax policy and declared allegiance to Galba, the governor of Hispania Tarraconensis, as the new emperor. Vindex was defeated and killed in battle near Vesontio (modern Besançon), but the military continued to support Galba. On 9 June 68, deserted by the Praetorian Guard, Nero stabbed himself in the throat.

Silver denarius, Unpublished, civil war restitution of Augustus, gF, porosity, marks, uncertain (Lugdunum?) mint, weight 3.167g, maximum diameter 19.0mm, die axis 180o, c. late 67 - May 68 A.D.; obverse CAESAR, bare head of Augustus right; reverse AVGVSTVS, young bull walking right, head turned facing; ex Roma Numismatics e-auction 6, lot 321; only two examples known to Forum

Purchased from FORVM
2 commentsSosius
Galba_RIC_232.jpg
7 Galba28 viewsGALBA
AR Denarius (17mm, 3.13 g, 6h).
Rome mint. Struck circa July AD 68-January AD 69.

O: Laureate head right

R: Salus standing left, right foot on globe, sacrificing from patera over altar and holding rudder.

RIC I 232; RSC 240. Fine, toned.

Ex CNG
RI0035
1 commentsSosius
Vitellius_RIC_73.jpg
9 Vitellius Denarius, 69 AD18 viewsVITELLIUS
AR denarius, Rome Mint (3.13g)
January 2 - December 20, 69 A.D.

O: A VITELLIVS GERMAN IMP AVG TR P, laureate head right

R: CONCOR-DIA P R, Concordia seated left holding patera and cornucopia;

RIC I 73 scarce, Cohen 20

I am unsure of authenticity. The only way to determine once and for all will be to clean this one...
RI0072

Sosius
clau261.jpg
Claudius II Gothicus, RIC 261, Milan, 268-270 CE.22 viewsBronze Antoninianus, RIC 261 Milan
Obverse: DIVO CLAUVDIO, radiate head right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO, large flaming altar with four sections with a dot in each one. mintmark T, Milan mint. 16.5mm., 2.1 g.
NORMAN K
constantiusii91e.jpg
Constantius II, RIC 91E siscia18 viewsConstantius II AE 3
Obverse: CONSTANTI-VS PF AVG, rosette diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears in one hand and resting the other hand on shield with one standard between them.
episilon SIS crescent, Siscia mint, 16.75 mm., 1.9 g.
NORMAN K
Diocletian_RIC_Rome_105.jpg
1 Diocletian40 viewsDIOCLETIAN
Silvered Follis, Rome, Struck 302-3 AD

IMP C DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, bust l. / SAC MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS NN, Moneta standing left holding scales and cornucopiae, star in l. field, RP in ex.

RIC VI Rome 105a gVF
Sosius
Augustus_moneyer_As.jpg
1 Augustus16 viewsAugustus
AE As. 7 B.C., P. Lurius Agrippa, moneyer

CAESAR AVGVST PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT, bare head right / PLVRIVS AGRIPPA IIIVIR AAAFF around large SC.

RIC 427. C 445. Sear ’88 510
Sosius
Vespasian_Judea_Den_RIC_2-sm2.jpg
10 Vespasian Denarius, 69-70 Judea Capta43 viewsVespasian. A.D. 69-79. AR denarius (17.1 mm, 2.86 g, 6 h). Rome, A.D. 69-70. Ex-Hebrew College Museum. IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right / IVDAEA, captive Jewess seated right, hands tied before, trophy of captured arms behind. RIC 2; BMCRE 35; RSC 226. Fine, toned.
Ex-Hebrew College Museum.
Ex Agora Auctions #1 - Nov 2013
1 commentsSosius
rjb_2011_07_06.jpg
101cf35 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv “IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG”
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev “PAX AVG”
Pax standing left holding vertical sceptre
Early London or, more likely, irregular mint
-/-//WL
RIC - (cf101)
The mintmark is not in the exergue but at the start of the reverse legend. The "M" is inverted so it appears as "W" if one reads the mark correctly.
1 commentsmauseus
Domitian_Moneta_As.jpg
12 Domitian59 viewsDOMITIAN
AE As, Rome Mint, 92-94 AD

IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XVI CENS PER P P, laureate head right/ MONETA AVGVSTI, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia.

Cohen 333, RIC 756; aVF-rough surfaces
RI0030
2 commentsSosius
rjb_2016_06_08.jpg
149 viewsAugustus 27BC - 14 AD
Denarius
Northern Peleponesian mint
Obv: AVGVSTVS
Bare head right
Rev: IOVI OLV
Hexastyle temple to Zeus at Olympia
RIC 472
mauseus
Ant_Pius_Sester_RIC_906.jpg
17 Antoninus Pius26 viewsANTONINUS PIUS
AE Sestertius, 152-153 AD
ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XVI, laureate head right / SALVS AVG COS IIII S-C, Salus standing feeding snake arising from altar.
RIC 906, Cohen 732, BMC 1925
This coin looks like someone hit it with brass polish (not me!) but I like how you can see the true color of the metal. It's also a hefty coin that's fun to hold.
RI0081
Sosius
Ant_Pius_Nand_I_Prov.jpg
17 Antoninus Pius AE22 of N&I15 viewsANTONINUS PIUS
AE22 Nicopolis ad Istrum
Bare head r, AV T AI ADRIA ANTONEINOS / Artemis alone, moving slightly and facing r., pulling arrow from quiver with her r. and holding bow in her l. hand, NEIKOPO LEITON. No magistrate's name.
Pick AMNG I, 1, no. 1222; HrHJ (2012) 8.6.13.3
Thanks to FORVM Members slokind and Jochen for their help attributing this coin
RI0080
1 commentsSosius
Lucius_Verus_RIC_1290.jpg
19 Lucius Verus13 viewsLucius Verus
AE As, 161 AD
IMP CAES L AVREL VERVS AVG, laureate cuirassed bust right / CONCORDIA AVGVSTOR TR P COS II S-C, Verus and Marcus Aurelius clasping hands
RIC 1290, Sear5 #5408; aFine
One of my first "big" roman coins. Not pretty, but it was exciting to get and to attribute. I didn't even know who Lucius Verus was before I got the coin!
RI0099
Sosius
Maximian_RIC_Aquileia_29b_tflip.jpg
2 Maximian42 viewsMAXIMIANUS
AE1 Follis. 300 AD
IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right / SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta standing left, holding scales & cornucopia, AQP in ex.
RIC Aquileia 29b
Sosius
Sep_Sev_RIC_510a.jpg
24 Septimius Severus22 viewsSEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
AR Denarius. Struck 198-202 AD. Laodicea mint.

L SEPT SEV AVG IMP XI PART MAX, laureate head right / MONETA AVGG, Moneta seated left, holding scales and cornucopiae

RIC 510a, RSC 345, BMC 669 aVF (possible fouree?)
Sosius
Septimius_Severus_-_RIC_IV_201_sm.jpg
24 Septimius Severus48 viewsSeptimius Severus.
AD 193-211.
AR Denarius (19mm, 3.09 g, 7h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 201-210.

Laureate head right / Genius standing left, sacrificing from patera over altar and holding two grain ears.

RIC IV 201; RSC 475. Good VF, toned, light porosity.

Ex CNG - Nov 2013
2 commentsSosius
49091q00.jpg
24 Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Markianopolis, Moesia Inferior 23 viewsBronze AE 28, Varbanov I 827, aVF, corrosion, 12.826g, 27.3mm, 180o, Markianopolis mint, obverse AV K L CEPT CEVHPOC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse U FL OULPIANOV MARKIANOPOLITWN, Cybele enthroned left, phiale in right, resting left elbow on drum, two lions at feet

Purchased from FORVM
Sosius
Roman_Prov.jpg
26 Geta?21 viewsNever nailed this one down. It was discussed here:

http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=70693.msg443086#msg443086

From FORVM member Pscipio:
"Probably Geta as Caesar rather than Caracalla, cf. SNG Aulock 7165 for what looks like an obverse die match (different reverse type). Note that a similar left facing portrait also exists for Caracalla, but laureate, thus as Augustus: SNG Aulock 7162, which is clearly from the same hand and therefore probably belongs to the same emission.

The countermark appears to be Howgego 68."
Sosius
rjb_car_287_06_06.jpg
28762 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "MONETA AVG"
Moneta standing left holding cornucopia and scales
Camulodunum mint
-/-//C
RIC 287
1 commentsmauseus
Julia_Paula_Pieces.jpg
29.1 Julia Paula40 viewsWhat happens when an eBay seller mails a crystallized coin in a plain white envelope?

At least I got my money refunded!
1 commentsSosius
Julia_Soaemias_RIC_243~0.jpg
29.4 Julia Soaemias55 viewsJULIA SOAEMIAS,
AR denarius, Rome (2.8g)

IVLIA SOAEMIAS AVG, draped bust right / VENVS CAELESTIS, Venus diademed seated left on throne, apple in right, scepter in left, child at her feet

SRCV II 7720, RIC IV 243, RSC III 14 EF
Ex Blanchard & Co. - Control # 72454
3 commentsSosius
rjb_car_290_06_06.jpg
29039 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "MONETA AVG"
Moneta standing left holding cornucopia and scales
Camulodunum mint
-/-//C
RIC 290
mauseus
rjb_car2_10_07.jpg
29132 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP C CARAVSIVS PF IN AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "MONETA AVGGG"
Moneta standing left holding cornucopia and scales
Camulodunum mint
S/P//C
RIC 291
mauseus
rjb_2010_07_03~0.jpg
291cf23 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP C CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "MONETA AVGGG"
Moneta standing left holding cornucopia and scales
Camulodunum mint
S/P//C
RIC - (cf 291); Carson -; Bourne -
mauseus
Decius_Dacia_Ant.jpg
3 Trajan Decius15 viewsTrajan Decius
AR Antoninianus

IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate, draped, & cuirassed bust right / DACIA, Dacia standing left, holding draco standard or vertical staff surmounted by ass's head.

RIC 12b, RSC 16.

Holed for jewelry - loop gone.
Sosius
001590_l.jpg
32 Gordian I Africanus32 viewsGORDIAN I AFRICANUS
AE Sestertius, Rome Mint
27-29 mm, 17.75 g
March 19 to April 9, 238 A.D.
IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AFR AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / VICTORIA AVGG, S-C, Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm.
RIC IV, 2, p. 161, 12. Very rare. Good portrait and fully readable name. Very fine.
Ex-Auctiones

Gordian I, an 80-year-old senator, was proclaimed as emperor during a revolt in Africa but commited suicide after his son and co-ruler Gordianus II was defeated by Maximinus' legate. Their rule only lasted for 20 days, hence the rarity of their coins.
Sosius
Balbinus_Ant.jpg
34 Balbinus33 viewsBALBINUS
Ruled April 22 – July 29 238
AR antoninianus, Rome Mint. (22mm, 5.01 gm, 7h).
IMP CAES CAEL BALBINVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / CONCORDIA AVGG, clasped hands.
RIC 10. RSC 3.
Lightly toned. Some deposits. Minor die break on obverse. Large flan. Good Very Fine.
From collection of Dale Sigler, Tarzana,CA
Ex. Heritage Auctions
1 commentsSosius
rjb_2017_07_11.jpg
376 viewsCaius "Caligula" 37-41 AD
AE as
Obv "C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG PM TRP IIII PP"
Bare head left
Rev "VESTA SC"
Vesta seated left on ornamental throne holding patera and transverse sceptre
Rome mint
RIC 54
mauseus
rjb_car_469cf_05_05.jpg
469cf24 viewsCarausius 287-93
Antoninianus
Obv"IMP C CARAVSIVS P AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "MONET AVG"
Moneta standing left holding cornucopia and scales
Uncertain mint
S/C//-
RIC - (cf 469)
mauseus
rjb_2018_11_06.jpg
6108 viewsCarausius 287-93 AD
AE antoninianus
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "MONETA AVG"
Moneta standing left holding scales and cornucopia
London mint?
RSR
RIC 610
mauseus
rjb_2018_11_02.jpg
610cf12 viewsCarausius 287-93 AD
AE antoninianus
Obv "[IMP (C?) CARAVSIV]S AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "MONETA AVG"
Moneta standing left holding scales and cornucopia
London mint?
RSR
RIC - (cf 610)
mauseus
rjb_car_secvrit_07_07.jpg
674cf43 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP C M A CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "SECVRITA[S PERP]"
Securitas stg left leaning on a short column
"Continental" mint
RIC - (cf 674ff)
This is a very odd coin. It is of the style that RIC calls "Continental" but not Rouen (702-5), although the reverse type is one of Rouen. It is also noteworthy for the obverse nomenclature M A CARAVSIVS.
mauseus
Gallienus_RIC_164_Centaur.jpg
7 Gallienus21 viewsGALLIENUS
AE Antoninianus, "Zoo Issue" - Centaur

GALLIENVS AVG, Radiate head right / APOLLINI CONS AVG, Centaur walking left, one forefoot raised, globe in right hand, rudder (or trophy) over shoulder. H in exergue.


Sosius
001638_l.jpg
7 Maxentius54 viewsMAXENTIUS
AE Follis (24-27 mm, 5.96 g)
Aquileia Mint, late Summer 307.

O: IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG, Laureate head right.

R: CONSERV VRB SVAE, Roma seated l. on shield in tetrastyle temple, r. handing globe to Maxentius (in military dress, stading r.), l. hand holding sceptre; seated captive between;

Victories as acroteria; she-wolf and twins in pediment; AQP in ex.

RIC VI Aquileia 113.

Dark patina. Extremely fine.

Ex Auctiones GmbH
3 commentsSosius
rjb_car2_02_08.jpg
71791 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
"Denarius"
Obv: "IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev: "MONETA AVG"
Moneta standing left with scales and cornucopia
Unmarked mint
RIC 717
Found near York, UKDFD 1208
2 commentsmauseus
717cf.jpg
717cf98 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
AE Laureate
Obv: "IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev: "MONETA AVG"
Moneta standing left with scales and cornucopia
Unmarked mint
RIC - (cf 717)
Trial strike from "denarius" dies
2 commentsmauseus
2550341.jpg
76 Julian II45 viewsROMAN IMPERIAL
Julian II
AD 360-363. AR Siliqua (18mm, 1.87 g, 12h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck AD 361.

O: Pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right R: Pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / VOTIS/ V/ MVLTIS/ X in four lines within wreath; LVG.

RIC VIII 218; RSC 163a. Sear (2014) 19130. VF, toned, flan crack, graffiti on reverse.

Ex CNG
2 commentsSosius
2580450.jpg
8 Macrianus13 viewsAntoninianus (20mm, 4.16 g, 12h). Samosata mint. 1st emission. 260-261 AD.

O: Radiate and cuirassed bust right

R: Indulgentia seated left, holding scepter; star to left

RIC V 8; MIR 44, 1732k; RSC 6.

Good Fine, toned, porous surfaces.

Ex-CNG
Sosius
rjb_2012_03_30.jpg
82cf29 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF I AVG
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
MONETA AVG
Moneta standing left holding scales and cornucopia
Camulodunum mint
S/P//C
RIC - (cf 82 cuirassed bust)
mauseus
rjb_2011_07_01.jpg
8330 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
MONETA AVG
Moneta standing left holding scales and cornucopia
Camulodunum mint
S/P//C
RIC 83
mauseus
rjb_2009_10_13.jpg
835cf28 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "VICTORIA CARAVSI A"
Radiate, cuirassed bust right with spear & shield
Rev "LITiTI AV"
Laetitia/Pax stg left with vertical sceptre
Unmarked mint
RIC - (cf 835ff, also see RIC 786 for similar obverse)

Obverse die duplicate of two coins in the British Museum, one from the Little Orme hoard (no mintmark in exergue) the other with RSR in the exergue
mauseus
rjb_car1_09_07.jpg
854ff25 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP C CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "MONETA AVG"
Moneta stg left holding cornucopia and scales
Unmarked mint
RIC - (cf 854ff)
mauseus
rjb_car_855_replace.jpg
85549 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "MONETA AVG"
Moneta stg left holding cornucopia and scales
Unmarked mint
RIC 855
mauseus
rjb_car_856_09_05.jpg
85628 viewsCarausius 287-93 AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS PF AV"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "MONETA AVG"
Moneta standing left holding scales
Unmarked mint
RIC 856
mauseus
20170927_121446.jpg
Amisos, Pontos, c. 85 - 65 B.C. Mithradates VI Eupator. 39 viewsObv. aegis with facing head of Medusa (gorgoneion) in center; Rev. AMI−ΣOY, Nike advancing right, holding palm frond across shoulders behind, A∆T monogram lower left.
19.7mm, 8.4 grams.
References: Sear 3642, BMC 72.
2 commentsCanaan
seleukidM_copy.jpg
Antiochos IV Epiphanes31 viewsAE 16 (chalkos), Antiochos IV, Epiphanes, 175-164 B.C. Obv: Radiate head of Antiochos facing right. Rev: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΤΙΟΞΟΥ on either side of Godess (Tyche?), enthroned, holding Nike, bird at feet. Dark brown patina, VF. SG II, 6990, Hoover HGC 9, 637 (R2).Molinari
Antiochus_IX.jpg
Antiochus IX Cyzicenus, 114 - 95 B.C.24 viewsSeleukid Kingdom, Antiochus IX Cyzicenus, 114 - 95 B.C. Ae 18. Weight 5.2g. Obv: Diademed head rt. Rev: Pallas Athena rt. holding shield and spear ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΤΙΟΧΟΥ ΦΙΛΟΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ. BMC 93.23
Antiochus IX Eusebes, ruler of the Greek Seleucid kingdom, was the son of Antiochus VII Sidetes and Cleopatra Thea. Upon the death of his father in Parthia and his uncle Demetrius II Nicator's return to power (129 BC), his mother sent him to Cyzicus on the Bosporus, thus giving him his nickname. He returned to Syria in 116 BC to claim the Seleucid throne from half-brother/cousin Antiochus VIII Grypus, with whom he eventually divided Syria. He was killed in battle by the son of Grypus, Seleucus VI Epiphanes in 96 BC.
ddwau
Intaglio.jpg
Asclepius Intaglio49 viewsMale figure Asclepius? holding two snakes.

Asclepius was the god of healing though he, like Heracles, was born as a mortal. Athena gave Asclepius two types of blood to help with his healing work, both from the gorgon, Medusa. One took life quickly but the other restored life. When Asclepius used this life restoring blood he encroached on the preserve of the gods and Zeus struck him down with a thunderbolt. One of the most famous centres for Asclepius worship was at Epidaurus on the Peloponnese. Snakes were sacred to the god and when the Romans embraced him as one of theirs his cult was supposedly taken to Rome in the body of a snake. He was preserved in the heavens as the constellation Ophiuchus, the serpent holder. The Romanised version of his name is Aesculapius.

0.34g

Greek or more likely Roman Provincial

Ex-Time Machine

Sold Forum Auctions December 2017
2 commentsJay GT4
T1118LG.jpg
C POBLICIUS Q F. 80 BC91 viewsHelmeted bust of Roma right / Hercules strangling the Nemean lion; bow and quiver at left; club below. Cr. 380/1.

POBLICIA, a plebian family, but of consular rank. Its cognomen on coins is Malleolus. There are fifteen varieties, all of silver, on some of which a small hammer or mallett is engraved, evidently alluding to the surname Malleolus.

The first of Heracles' twelve labours, set by King Eurystheus (his cousin) was to slay the Nemean lion.

According to one version of the myth, the Nemean lion took women as hostages to its lair in a cave near Nemea, luring warriors from nearby towns to save the damsel in distress. After entering the cave, the warrior would see the woman (usually feigning injury) and rush to her side. Once he was close, the woman would turn into a lion and kill the warrior, devouring his remains and giving the bones to Hades.

Heracles wandered the area until he came to the town of Cleonae. There he met a boy who said that if Heracles slew the Nemean lion and returned alive within 30 days, the town would sacrifice a lion to Zeus; but if he did not return within 30 days or he died, the boy would sacrifice himself to Zeus.[3] Another version claims that he met Molorchos, a shepherd who had lost his son to the lion, saying that if he came back within 30 days, a ram would be sacrificed to Zeus. If he did not return within 30 days, it would be sacrificed to the dead Heracles as a mourning offering.

While searching for the lion, Heracles fetched some arrows to use against it, not knowing that its golden fur was impenetrable; when he found and shot the lion and firing at it with his bow, he discovered the fur's protective property when the arrow bounced harmlessly off the creature's thigh. After some time, Heracles made the lion return to his cave. The cave had two entrances, one of which Heracles blocked; he then entered the other. In those dark and close quarters, Heracles stunned the beast with his club and, using his immense strength, strangled it to death. During the fight the lion bit off one of his fingers. Others say that he shot arrows at it, eventually shooting it in the unarmoured mouth.

After slaying the lion, he tried to skin it with a knife from his belt, but failed. He then tried sharpening the knife with a stone and even tried with the stone itself. Finally, Athena, noticing the hero's plight, told Heracles to use one of the lion's own claws to skin the pelt.

When he returned on the thirtieth day carrying the carcass of the lion on his shoulders, King Eurystheus was amazed and terrified. Eurystheus forbade him ever again to enter the city; in future he was to display the fruits of his labours outside the city gates. Eurystheus warned him that the tasks set for him would become increasingly difficult. He then sent Heracles off to complete his next quest, which was to destroy the Lernaean hydra.

The Nemean lion's coat was impervious to the elements and all but the most powerful weapons. Others say that Heracles' armour was, in fact, the hide of the lion of Cithaeron.
ecoli
IMG_0362.JPG
C. Vibius C.f. C.n. Pansa Caetronianus9 viewsMoneyer issues of Imperatorial Rome. C. Vibius C.f. C.n. Pansa Caetronianus. 48 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.73 g, 6h). Rome mint. Head of young Bacchus (or Liber) right, wearing ivy wreath / Ceres advancing right, holding a torch with each hand; plow to right. Crawford 449/2; CRI 21; Sydenham 946; Vibia 16. VF, toned, edge chip.

From the Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.2.9.
ecoli
Celtic.jpg
Celtic Coinage27 viewsContinental Celts & Tribes of Britannia
Gaul: Northwest Gaul: Aulerci Eburovices, Carnutes, Coriosolites, Redones, Senones, Veneti. Northeast Gaul: Ambiani, Remi, Suessiones (Cricironus), Treveri.
Central Gaul: Aediu, Arverni. Sequani (Turonos & Cantorix). Southern Gaul: Massalia (Marseilles), Tolostates, Volcae-Arecomici. Uncertain: Volcae Tectosages, Leuci, Senones.
Britain: Atrebates & Regni (Verica), Cantii (Amminus), CantuvellauniCorieltauvi (Volisios Dumnocoveros), Cunobelin, Dobunni, Durotriges, Epaticcus, Iceni, Trinovantes, Cantuvellauni & Trinovantes (Addedomaros, Caratacus).
Lower Danube: Geto-Dacians. Middle Danube: Hercuniates. Central Europe: Boii. Danubian Celts are also referred to as being from the Carpathian Region, in which there were various tribes, many unknown.
1 commentsChristian T
lfc.jpg
Constans, RIC VIII 27 Heraclea26 viewsRare left facing Constans as Augustus
Obverse: CONSTANS PF AVG, laurel and rosette diademed, draped & cuirassed bust left.
Reverse: GLORIA EXER CITVS, two soldiers standing facing each other and holding a spear in one hand and resting the other hand on shield withone standard between them.
SMHE in ex. Heraclea mint. 16.15 mm., 2.2 g.
NORMAN K
conicmg.jpg
Constantine I, RIC 24 Cyzicus20 viewsConstantine I Follis
Obverse: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, laureate head right.
Reverse: PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG, camp-gate sith one door, six rows of blocks and two turrits on top. One star above.
SMKB in ex. Cyzicus mint. 20.2 mm., 2.52 g.
NORMAN K
452s.jpg
Constantine I, RIC VII 252, Siscia35 viewsObverse: CONSTANTI-NVS MAX AVG, rosette-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with one standard between them. O on banner.
mintmark epsilon SIS star. 17.12 mm, 1.6 g. RIC VII Siscia 252, rated R1
NORMAN K
con30abc.jpg
CONSTANTIUS I CHLORUS, FOLLIS RIC 30a Aquilia, 300 CE 19 viewsObverse: CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right.
Reverse: SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Monet standing left holding scales and cornucopia.
AQT in ex., 27.92mm., 9.4 g,
NORMAN K
aqp.jpg
Constantius II, RIC VII 145, Aquileia, 337-361 CE24 viewsObverse: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse:GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with one standard between them.
Mintmark: dot AQP, Aquileia 15.5 mm., 1.6 g.
RIC VII Aquileia 145
NORMAN K
hand2s.jpg
Divus Constantine I, Posthumous commemorative AE4, 337-341 CE26 viewsObverse: DN CONSTANTI-NVS PT AVGG, veiled head right.
Reverse: No legend, the deified Constantine driving quadriga right, hand of god reaching down from above, star at upper left.
SMANS in ex. Antioch mint, 2nd officina. RIV VIII 37, 16.6 mm, 1.4 g.

It is ironic that Constantine, who tradition tells us was the first Christian emperor (although he only actually became one on his death bed), should have been honored with pagan deification and commemorated posthumously with traditional pagan symbolism as found on this coin. He was the last emperor to be so honored.
NORMAN K
fc12.jpg
Drusus. Caesar, AD 19-23. Æ As (28mm, 10.63 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck under Tiberius, AD 22-23. Bare head left / Legend around large S · C. RIC I 4525 viewsJoe Geranio Collection (anyone may use as long as credit is given) Drusus. Caesar, AD 19-23. Æ As (28mm, 10.63 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck under Tiberius, AD 22-23. Bare head left / Legend around large S · C. RIC I 45 (Tiberius).1 commentsJoe Geranio
st.jpg
ENGLAND, NORMAN, Stephen (1135-1154), Silver Penny, Watford type .33 viewsENGLAND, NORMAN, Stephen (1135-1154), Silver Penny, Watford type .
Mint and moneyer uncertain . 1.0 gr
Crowned and diademed bust of king right, holding sceptre in his right hand .
Cross moline, with a fleur each angle .
North 873; SCBC 1278
Vladislav D
Postumus_RIC_Cologne_315.jpg
Gallic 1 Postumus21 viewsPOSTUMUS
AR Antoninianus, Cologne
IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, Radiate bust r. / MONETA AVG, Moneta standing l., holding scales and cornucopiae
RIC V-II Cologne 315
Sosius
Postumus_RIC_Lyon_75.jpg
Gallic 1 Postumus11 viewsPOSTUMUS
AR Antoninianus, Lyons Mint
IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, RDC bust right / MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae
RIC V-II Lyons 75; Sear (1988) 3116

Sosius
ga283bo.jpg
Gallienus VI 283 Rome 253-268 CE33 viewsGallienus, AE Antoninianus. Rome mint, sole reign.
Obverse - GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right.
Reverse – SOLI CONS AVG, Pegasus springing right, heavenward.
Mintmark A. 20.47 mm., 3.7 g. Cohen 979, Sear 10362
Cohen 979 comment: one of Gallienus last issue. Gallienus was assassinated near Mila while attempting to deal with the userper Aureolus. This coin was a talisman called fo the protection of Gallienus and Rome.
*Some believe the horse to be one of Sol's chariot horesus and the reverse inscription indicates this is probably the case.
1 commentsNORMAN K
Gordian-III-RIC-177-87.jpg
Gordian III / RIC 177 over 187, 1'st series.31 viewsAntoninianus, 238-239 AD, Antioch mint.
Obverse: IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG / Radiate bust of Gordian.
Reverse: AEQVIT LIBER / Body and feet of Aequitas holding scales; Body and feet of Libertas holding pileus (Liberty cap) .
5.00 gm, 22 mm.
RIC #177 over #187.

This coin has two different reverses: the Aequitas type (RIC #177) is overstruck at 180 degree rotation on top of the Libertas type (RIC #187). Or, perhaps it is the other way around: The Libertas type (RIC #187) is overstruck on top of the Aequitas type (RIC #177).

The T of AEQVITAS AVG is almost flattened out and is just barely visible. At Antioch, Libertas with the pileus always has the legend LIBERALITAS AVG rather than LIBERTAS AVG.

There is a footnote to RIC #231 (vol. IV, part III, p. 39) which is quite intriguing:

"231. A strange Antoninianus (G. B. Pears Coll.) shows rev. type of AEQVIT[AS] apparently overstruck with type of LIBER[TAS] -- obv. of Gordian III, rev. of Philip overstruck with rev. of Trebonianus Gallus (?)."

I posted this coin on Forvmancientcoins.com and got this reply from Curtis Clay:

"A neat example of this error, and one I hadn't been aware of before, despite its mention in the RIC footnote!
As you expected, you now own the coin formerly in the Pears collection: we know because there is a plaster cast of it so labeled in the BM, which is illustrated in Roger Bland's dissertation, pl. 10, 18/21 !
One of the reverse types is Libertas with cap, but its legend must have been LIBERALITAS not LIBERTAS AVG: the Eastern mint always mislabeled its Libertas type as Liberalitas. RIC made the same mistake regarding the reverse legend; corrected by Bland, who lists the coin under the type LIBERALITAS AVG.
I had never heard of G. B. Pears or his collection before, so can supply no information in that regard."
Callimachus
HieronII.jpg
Hieron II156 viewsHead of Poseidon left

ΙΕΡΩ-ΝΟΣ
ornamented trident, dolphins at sides

Bronze AE 20
6.96g, 20mm

Syracuse Sicily mint
270-215 BC

SNG Cop 856, SGCV I 1223?

Ex-ANE

Hieron II was tyrant and then king of Syracuse, c. 270 to 215 B.C. His rule brought 50 years of peace and prosperity, and Syracuse became one of the most renowned capitals of antiquity. He enlarged the theater and built an immense altar. The literary figure Theocritus and the philosopher Archimedes lived under his rule. After struggling against the Mamertini, he eventually allied with Rome.
1 commentsJay GT4
HUN_Lajos_I_Huszar_547_Pohl_89-7.JPG
Huszár 547, Pohl 89-7, Unger 432h, Réthy II 89A41 viewsLouis I (Lajos I, in Hun.) (1342-1382). AR denar, .49 g., 13.94 mm. max., .28 gr., 90°

Obv: + [MO]nETA LODOVICI, Saracen head left, pellets flanking.

Rev: + REGIS hVnGARIE, Patriarchal cross with random pellets.

The type was struck 1373-1382 (per Huszár, Pohl & Unger, although Huszár later wrote that the Saracen-head coinage incepted in 1372). This privy mark was struck at Pécs by one of the Saracenus brothers, probably by Johannes, who took over the mint after the death of Jacobus (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 3.

The Saracen's head is a pun on the surname of Jacobus Saracenus (Szerechen, in Hun.) and his brother, Johannes, courtiers of Italian descent who were ennobled by Louis. The image of a Saracen's head appeared on their coat of arms. Jacobus became the kammergraf at the Pécs mint in 1352, and the Comes Camerarum Regalium in 1369. He died in the early 1370s, at which time Johannes succeeded him as kammergraf.
Stkp
Dyrrhachion_Dracma.jpg
ILIRIA - DIRRAQUIO/EPIDAMNOS20 viewsAR dracma 18X16 mm 2.4 gr.

Anv: "MENIΣ [KOΣ ]" (Nombre de la Autoridad Monetaria que la acuña), sobre una Vaca a der. mirando a su ternero que se amanta a izq.
Rev: "AYP / ΔIO / [NY] / [ΣIOY]" – Doble Forma estrellada, dividida por dos líneas y rodeada por una doble línea formando un contorno cuadrado.
Los diseños del reverso de Korkyra así como de sus colonias, Apollonia (Apolonia) y Dyrrhachion (Dirraquio), han sido objeto de mucha especulación numismática. Eckhel (Doctrina numorum veterum [Vienna, 1792/3], II:155) aceptó la opinión de Laurentius Beger (Observationes Et Conjecturae In Numismata Quaedam Antiqua [Brandenburg, 1691]), que argumentó que el diseño del reverso representa el jardín de Alkinoos, el mítico rey de Phaiakia, descrito en detalle por el poeta Homero (Od. 7.112-133). Basado en el supuesto de que mítica Phaiakia era la isla de la antigua Korkyra (mod. Corfú), y sabiendo que Korkyrans colonizaron tanto Apollonia y Dyrrhachion, Beger (ya través de él, Eckhel) concluyeron que los elementos centrales eran flores y que el diseño general debe representar tanto el diseño del jardín, o las puertas que conducen a ella. Más tarde, la mayoría de los numismáticos, como Böckh, Müller, Friedlander, y von Sallet, argumentaron que los elementos centrales del diseño eran más como la estrella, mientras que Gardner favoreciendo una interpretación floral, aunque sea como una referencia a Apolo Aristaios o Nomios, no el jardín de ALKINOOS. Más recientemente, Nicolet-Pierre volvió a examinar la cuestión del diseño del reverso en su artículo sobre la moneda arcaica de Korkyra ("À props du monnayage archaïque de Corcyre," SNR 88 [2009], pp. 2-3) y ofreció una nueva interpretación. Tomando nota de un pasaje de Tucídides (3.70.4) en la que ese autor citó la existencia en la isla de un recinto sagrado (temenos) dedicado a Zeus y ALKINOOS, sugirió que el diseño del reverso podría haber sido inspirada por esto, y no en el jardín de ALKINOOS que detalla Homero.

Acuñación: 200 - 30 A.C.
Ceca: Dyrrhachion - Illyria (Hoy Durré en Albania)

Referencias: Sear GCTV Vol.I #1900 var Pag.187 – BMC Vol.7 #62-64 Pag.69 – SNG Copenhagen #467 - Maier #201 - Ceka #320
mdelvalle
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INDIA-Panchala-Kingdom-HALF-Karshapana-INDIRAMITRA-RARE-COIN-4-42gm 15 viewsObverse Lord Indra standing on a pedestal
Reverse Three Panchala symbols in a row, with name below in Brahmi script: Indramitrasa
Date c. 1st century BCE - 1st century CE (highly uncertain)
Weight 4.78 gm.
Diameter 16 mm.
Die axis 5 o'clock
Reference MAC 4539, Shrimali Type A
Comments The Panchala series is one of the most interesting of the ancient India coin series, because it is quite long and the kings are named on them. Unfortunately, we know very little about the chronology. The order of kings is not known and even the dates of the series are still debated. It appears the series belongs in the post-Mauryan period, but further details are still unavailable.

You can see a catalog of Panchala coins on the CoinIndia website.
Antonivs Protti
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INDIA-Panchala-Kingdom-HALF-Karshapana-INDIRAMITRA-RARE-COIN-4-6gm 13 viewsObverse Lord Indra standing on a pedestal
Reverse Three Panchala symbols in a row, with name below in Brahmi script: Indramitrasa
Date c. 1st century BCE - 1st century CE (highly uncertain)
Weight 4.78 gm.
Diameter 16 mm.
Die axis 5 o'clock
Reference MAC 4539, Shrimali Type A
Comments The Panchala series is one of the most interesting of the ancient India coin series, because it is quite long and the kings are named on them. Unfortunately, we know very little about the chronology. The order of kings is not known and even the dates of the series are still debated. It appears the series belongs in the post-Mauryan period, but further details are still unavailable.

You can see a catalog of Panchala coins on the CoinIndia website.
Antonivs Protti
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Julian II, RIC VIII 315 Rome22 viewsJulian II, AE, Rome.
Obverse: DN CL IVL IVLIANVS NC, bare-headed, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left, one kneeraised, spearing a fallen horseman who is looking left,reaching backwards, wearing Phrygian helmet.
Mintmark R dot M dot S. 16mm, 2.4 g.
NORMAN K
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Kingdom of Macedon, Alexander the Great, 336-323 BC, AR obol.19 viewsKingdom of Macedon, Alexander the Great, 336-323 BC, AR obol.
Struck c. 336-323 BC, Head of Hecrules right, wearing
lion skin, knotted at base of neck. / Zeus, nude to waist, seated
left on ornate throne, holding eagle and scepter within dotted circle.
CANTANATRIX
Macedonian_Kingdom,_Alexander_III_The_Great,_AR_teradrachm_Amphipolis_Mint~0.jpg
Kings of Macedon, Alexander III the Great, 336-323 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Amphipolis Mint under Antipater91 viewsHead of Herakles right, wearing lion skin headdress.
AΛEΞANΔPOY Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; janiform head vase in left field. Graffiti in upper left field - Aramaic kaph (k) and sadhe (s).

Price 6; Troxell, Studies, Issue A3; SNG Cop 660; Muller 853.
Struck at Amphipolis in the period 332-329 BC.

(29 mm, 17.15 g, 2h)

This is one of the first emissions of Alexander’s coinage struck in his homeland, albeit about three years after he departed for Asia Minor. Recent scholarship places the start of Alexander’s distinctive coinage in 333/2 BC at Tarsos, in eastern Asia Minor, shortly after which the design was transferred to Macedonia where Alexander’s coinage was struck under the authority of his regent in Greece, Antipater. Die studies indicate that this coin was from the fourth tetradrachm emission of a mint in Macedonia, most probably Amphipolis. It was most probably struck in the period 332-329 BC. The Aramaic graffiti on the reverse, plus the obverse reverse rim test cut are pointers to the likelihood that this coin travelled beyond its location of issue in Macedonia, into the eastern Mediterranean where Aramaic was the main spoken language.
3 commentsn.igma
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Kroisos, Lydia22 viewsLydian Kingdom. Kroisos. Ca. 564/53-550/39 B.C. AR 1/12 stater (7 mm, 0.80 g). Sardes mint. Confronted foreparts of lion, on left, and bull, in right / Incuse square punch. Berk 26-7; SNG Kayhan 1020-1; Traité I 413. VF, toned.ecoli
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L. Mussidius Longus7 viewsMoneyer issues of Imperatorial Rome L. Mussidius Longus, 42 BCE AR denarius, Rome mint.Ancient Aussie
1390_L_Senticius.jpg
L. Sentius C.f. - AR denarius7 views²96 BC
¹101 BC
Rome
head of Roma right wearing winged helmet
(AR)G·PVB
Jupiter in quadriga right, holding scepter, thunderbolt and reins
D
L·SENTI·C·F
¹Crawford 325/1b, SRCV I203, Sydenham 600, RSC I Sentia 1
²Mark Passehl - Roman moneyer & coin type chronology, 150 – 50 BC
4,00g
ex Gorny & Mosch

Moneyer held praetorship in 93-89 BC.
Johny SYSEL
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Latin trachy type C small module Sear 2046193 viewssmall module as SB 2023

Obverse:MP_OV barred in upper fields. Virgin nimbate, wearing tunic and maphorion, seated upon throne with back;holds beardless nimbate head of Christ on breast.
Reverse. Emperor seated on throne without back, collar-peice and paneled loros of simplified type; holds in r. hand labarum-headed scepter, and in l., anexikakia. Manus Dei in upper rt. field.
Mint:?Constantinople
Date 1204-
SB 2046, DOC LIII,32
15mm
wileyc
FC2.jpg
LYDIA, Philadelphia. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. Æ (17mm, 3.83 g, 12h). Epikrates, magistrate. Bare head of Caligula right / Jugate laureate busts of the Dioscuri right.20 viewsJoe Geranio Collection- LYDIA, Philadelphia. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. Æ (17mm, 3.83 g, 12h). Epikrates, magistrate. Bare head of Caligula right / Jugate laureate busts of the Dioscuri right. RPC I 3022. Anyone May Use as Long as Credit is Given.Joe Geranio
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Lysimachos 38 viewsLysimachos
Drachm Colophon 301-297 b.c

Obverse:Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin
Reverse:ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΛΥΣΙΜΑΧΟΥ;Zeus on throne holding eagle; forepart of lion and torch at left field, pentagram under throne

17.31mm 4.10gm

Price L26 ; Thompson 126
maik
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Lysimachos Alexander the Great Portrait Coin124 viewsLysimachos, Portrait of Alexander the Great, Kingdon of Thrace, Silver tetradrachm, (Posthumous issue c. 280 - 200 BC), 16.675g, 30.6mm, die axis 0o, Müller 460, Thompson -, SNG Cop -, SNG UK -, uncertain mint,
OBV: Diademed head of Alexander the Great wearing the horn of Ammon
REV: BASILEWS LUSIMACOU, Athena enthroned left, holding Nike crowning name with wreath in right,
resting left arm on shield at side, transverse spear behind, bow case inner left

EX: Heritage Long Beach Signature Sale (18 Sep 2008), lot 20015; EX: Forum Ancient Coins
3 commentsRomanorvm
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MACEDON, Philippi. Tiberius. AD 14-37. Æ 17mm 32 viewsJoe Geranio Collection- (anyone can use as long as credit is give) MACEDON, Philippi. Tiberius. AD 14-37. Æ 17mm (3.93 g). Laureate head right / Founder standing right, behind two yoked oxen. RPC I 1657.Joe Geranio
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Macedonia, Alexander III The Great Tetradrachm, c. 325-320 BC185 viewsAR Tetradrachm, 17.190g

Obv: Bust of Alexander as Herakles r., wearing lion-skin headdress.

Rx: Zeus seated l. on throne; ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ in exergue, AΛEΧANΔΡOY in r. field; wreath in l. field, ΔΙ beneath throne

References: Price-2949

Mint: Side

ex Harlan J. Berk
7 commentsDino
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Macedonia, Alexander III, Ar drachm31 viewsPrice 1382 / 310-301 BC
obv: Head of young Heraclea r. wearing lion-skin headdress
rev: ALEXANDROU Zues enthrond l. holding eagle and scepter forpart of
Pegasus l. monogram NO below throne
hill132
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Macedonian Kingdom: Philip III Arrhidaios (323-317 BCE) AR Drachm, Abydus (ADM II series VIII, 124-5)23 viewsObv: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin
Rev: ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ; Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on backless throne; right leg drawn back, feet on stool, eagle in right hand, scepter in left; branch upward in left field, horse leg left below throne
Dim: 17mm, 4.27 gm, 5h
Quant.Geek
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Manuel I Komnenus clipped billion aspron trachy SB196416 viewsObverse: The Virgin enthroned facing, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphrium, she holds nimbate head of the infant Christ facing; to l. MP to r. Theta V.
Reverse: MANUHA AECIIOTHC or similar, Manuel stg. facing wearing crown, divitision and chlamys and holding labarum (one dots= on shaft) and globus surmounted by patriarchal cross.
Mint: Constantinople Third metropolitan coinage Variation B
Date: 1143-1180 CE
Sear 1964 DO 15.5-10
18mm 1.65 gm
wileyc
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Manuel I Komnenus clipped billion aspron trachy SB196666 viewsObverse: IC-XC (bar above) in field, Christ bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and colobion, seated upon throne without back; holds gospels in left hand.
Reverse: MAN(monogram)HA AECIIOT or var, MP OV bar above in upper right field, Full-length figure of emperor, bearded on left, crowned by Virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-peice, and jewelled loros of simplified type; holds in right hand labarum-headed scepter, and in left globus cruciger. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.
four main varieties:
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1167-1183?
Sear 1966 Var d, Fourth coinage; H 16.14,15; 17.1-4
rev: Jewel within circle on loros waist
16mm .89gm
As discussed in the Byzantine forumThese are the "neatly clipped" trachies.
During the reign of Manuel I the silver content of the trachy was dropped from c.6% to c.3%, but later types were sometimes issued with the higher silver content.
In Alexius III's time these high silver types were clipped down to half size, probably officially, presumably so as to match the lower silver content of the later issues.
Of course this would only have worked as long as the populace accepted the idea that the clipped coins were all high silver versions to start with. Once smarties started clipping ordinary coins these types would soon have have fallen out of favour and been withdrawn.

Ross G.


During the reign of Alexius III were reused coins of previous releases, clipping its border in a very regular mode and thus reducing to half their weight. Regularity of shearing and the fact that they were found to stock uniforms, suggesting that this clipping is a formal issuance of mint. Based on the stocks found in Constantinople , some of which consist only of clipped coins, it may safely be dated between 1195 and 1203.
Hendy and Grierson believe that this shearing was a consequence of the devaluation of trachy mixture during the reign of Isaac II and Alexius III. They reduced by half the already low silver content of this coin: shearing coins of previous emperors, still widely in circulation, made their trachy consistent with the intrinsic value of current emissions. Of course, this does not justify the clipping of coins already degraded of Isaac II and Alexius III. Therefore, reason for their declassification is not understood. I think that reason of Ross is right!
The structure of their dispersion in hoards indicates that, however, were made after the other emissions. Clipped trachys appear in small amounts along with regular trachy in hoards, represents a rarity. Were clipped trachys of Manuel I, Andronicus I, Isaac II and Alexius III, and perhaps of John II; those of Manuel are less scarce. In principle, we must believe that all trachys after Manuel I have been clipped, although many have not yet appeared.

Antvwala
wileyc
coin2.jpg
Maroneia, Thrace. 400-350 BC.24 viewsAutonomous coinage of Maroneia, Thrace. 400-350 BC. Horse pracing right, PNK monogram below.
MAR-WNI-TWN around linear square containing vine, VE-monogram below. BMC 666; SNGCop 632.
Britanikus
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Maximianus Herculius, Billon tetradrachm, Alexandria, Year 1, Eirene13 viewsObv:– A K M OYA MAXIMIANOC CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– None, Eirene, standing left, holding live branch and transverse sceptre.
Minted in Alexandria (L | A). A.D. 285-286
Reference:– Milne 4778. Emmett 4113(1) R1. Curtis 2064. BMC 2553. Dattari 5859
maridvnvm
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MUGHALS-AURANGZEB-SURAT-MINT-AH-1095-RY-27-ONE-RUPEE-13 viewsAbu'l Muzaffar Muhi-ud-Din Muhammad (3 November 1618 – 3 March 1707), commonly known as Aurangzeb or by his regnal title Alamgir (Persian: "Conqueror of the World"), was the sixth, and widely considered the last effective Mughal emperor. His reign lasted for 49 years from 1658 until his death in 1707. _1200Antonivs Protti
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Neapolis, Campania, Italy, c. 270 - 240 B.C. AE 16-20mm17 views Neapolis, Campania, Italy, c. 270 - 240 B.C.
Obv. Apollo left
Rev. Victory crowning Man Faced Bull right.

( One of my favorite coins I have cleaned myself!! )
Lee S
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Nero & Drusus Caesar. Died AD 31 and 33, respectively. Æ Dupondius (28mm, 16.30 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Gaius (Caligula), AD 37-38. Nero and Drusus on horseback21 viewsJoe Geranio Collection- (Anyone may use as long as credit is given-(Joe Geranio JCIA) Nero & Drusus Caesar. Died AD 31 and 33, respectively. Æ Dupondius (28mm, 16.30 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Gaius (Caligula), AD 37-38. Nero and Drusus on horsebackJoe Geranio
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P. Clodius M.f. Turrinus33 viewsMoneyer issues of Imperatorial Rome. P. Clodius M.f. Turrinus. 42 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.89 g, 1h). Rome mint. Laureate head of Apollo right; lyre behind / Diana Lucifera standing right, bow and quiver on her shoulder, holding torch in each hand. Crawford 494/23; CRI 184; Sydenham 1117; Claudia 15. Good VF, toned, a few minor scratches beneath the toning.

From the RAJ Collection. Ex CNG Inventory 914993 (2012 NYINC); Sincona 4 (25 October 2011), lots 4160 or 4161 (part of), includes ticket from a French Collectio
1 commentsecoli
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Parthian empire. AR drachm35 viewsSellwood 28.3 Ekbatana mint. 122-91 BC
obv:Mithradates II dia. bust l. wearing tiara
rev: BASILEWS BASI-LEWN MEGALOU ARSAKOU EPIFANDS
Arsakes seated R.on throne holding bow
1 commentshill132
phraatesIV.jpg
Phraates IV (38 -2 BC) AR Tetradrachm 286 SE /26 BC51 viewsObv: Phraates diademed and cuirassed bust left with long pointed beard - no royal wart on forehead.
Rev: The king enthroned r. being presented with a palm branch by Tyche, standing l. before him holding cornucopiae with pellet above arm. Seleucid date 286 (C Pi Sigma) above palm. Greek inscription in 7 lines BASILEOS/BASILEON; on r. ARSAKOY/EUERGETOY' below [DIKAOY]; on l. EPIPHANOUS/PHILELLANOS; month off flan below
Wt 14.1 gm, 26.3 mm, Sellwood type 55

The coin could be that of Tiridates I who also ruled for a few months in 26 BC. The features of the king on this coin are much closer to that of Phraates than of much rarer Tiridates I according to a reclassification of Sellwood types by deCallatay and this is the most believable. The lower lines of the inscription would also settle the issue but are lost on this coin.
Early coins of the Parthian empire showed strong Greek empahasis on classical Greek forms and humanism which is gradually lost as the empire matured and finally decayed. The coins become schematic and emphasize suface ornament rather than sculptural quality. One senses from the portrait of Phraates that brutality was a prerequisite for Parthian kings who routinely bumped off fathers and brothers in their rise to power. Like the Spartans, they had a powerful empire in their time but its contribution to civilization was limited in the long term.
1 commentsdaverino
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Postumus RIC IV 199 Lugdunum26 viewsSilver Antoninianus
Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, radiate and draped bust right.
Reverse: MONET AVG, Monet standing left, scales in right, cornucopia in left.
Lugdunum (lyon) mint 21 mm diam., 3.9 g
sold 1-2018
NORMAN K
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Pul with Kaffa c/m5 views
CRIMEA, GOLDEN HORDE, (with Genoese countermark)

Anonymous AE - Pul

Obverse: uncertain Ornament, Kaffa Genoese trading colony; Circular countermark arms of Genoa with partitioned portal, within circular frame of dots.

Reverse: uncertain Ornament

Mint: Uncertain (Bulghar?)

Minted: 14th Century (?) cm - 1420 - 1475

Notes: Fair/Fair(c/m a/VF), Crude

Ref: Retowski, Coins with Genoese Countermarks 2


jimbomar
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Q. Sicinius11 viewsMoneyer issues of Imperatorial Rome. Q. Sicinius. Early 49 BC. AR Denarius (17.5mm, 3.89 g, 4h). Rome mint. Diademed head of Fortuna Populi Romani right / Palm frond with fillet and winged caduceus in saltire; wreath above. Crawford 440/1; CRI 1; Sydenham 938; Sicinia 5. Near VF, toned, some iridescence, banker’s marks and a couple scratches under tone on obverse, traces of deposits, a few minor marks on reverse.

Ex CNG
1 commentsecoli
Radiato_imitativo_britannico.jpg
Radiato imitativo britannico (270-273 AD)33 viewsAE, 2.45 gr, 18.56 mm, VF
Zecca non ufficiale britannica (o gallica), sul D/ verosimilmente Vittorino o Tetrico I
D/ legenda di fantasia, testa radiata a dx
R/ legenda di fantasia, divinità sacrifica su un altare appoggiata su uno scudo (o ruota). Compatibile con una FORTVNA REDUX con ruota e timone
Provenienza: ex Marc Breitsprecher collection, Grand Marais Minnesota Usa (da lui acquistata a Embankment station coin fair, London), via vAuctions 290 lot 462, 8 novembre 2012
paolo
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SOLD Antiochus 1 Soter 281-261 BC Posthumous Tetradrachm SOLD10 views SOLD Obverse: Diademed head of Antiochus 1 facing right
Reverse: Apollo sitting on ompholos testing arrow in RH, LH holding grounded bow.
2 monograms, one in each field
Ins- ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΤΙΟΧΟΥ
A posthumous coinage from the reign of Antiochus 11
Mint of Seleucia on the Tigris
SC 587.1c 17g 29.5mm SOLD
cicerokid
Both_Demetrios_1_Soter.jpg
SOLD Demetrios 1 Soter 155/4 BC Tetradrachm SOLD6 views SOLD Obv: Diademed head of Demetrios right in wreathed border
31mm 16.71g SC 1641.3a
Antioch Mint
REV: Tyche holding sceptre and cornucopia, seated Left on throne supported by Tritoness right.
2 monograms in LF
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔΗΜΗΤΙΟΥ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ
HNP ( SE 158 ) in exergue SOLD
cicerokid
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Thrace, Maroneia AE16mm (5.6g).89 viewsThrace, Maroneia AE16mm (5.6g).
Obverse: Head of Dionysos, wreathed in ivy
Reverse: Dionysos standing left holding bunch of grapes and thyrsos.2173

2 commentsAntonivs Protti
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Xerxes II13 viewsAchaemenid Empire. Time of Darios I to Xerxes II, circa 485-420 BC. Siglos (Silver, 16 mm, 5.38 g), Sardes. Persian king or hero in kneeling/running stance to right, holding spear and bow. Rev. Incuse punch. Carradice Type IIIa/b. Beautifully toned. Very fine.arash p
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#L. Thorius Balbus. 105 BC. AR Denarius32 viewsRome mint. ISMR behind, head of Juno Sospita right, wearing goat skin headdress / L THORIVS below, BALBVS in exergue, bull charging right.

"The obverse refers to the the cult of Juno Sospita at Lanuvium, the moneyer's birthplace. The reverse is likely a play on the moneyer's name (Taurus sounds like Thorius). Cicero described L. Thorius Balbus as a man who lived in such a manner that there was not a single pleasure, however refined or rare, that he did not enjoy. This is one of the most common republican denarii." -- Roman Silver Coins edited by David Sear and Robert Loosley
ancientone
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'Slave money', carnelian66 views25,4x13.60x11.90mm, 7.87g

This so-called 'slave money', part of a chain, was made in the first half of the 19th century in Idar-Oberstein/Germany for London. From London it was shipped to West Africa to buy black slaves.
Jochen
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Δ in circular punch219 viewsMACEDON (?). Thessalonica (?). Augustus. Æ 22. 27 B.C.- A.D. 14. Obv: KAIΣAP-(ΣEBAΣTOΣ) or similar. Laureate head right; countermark before chin. Rev: Inscription obliterated. City ethnic in wreath. Weight: 9.25 g. CM: Δ in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego 706 (1 pc). Note: Howgego lists only one (!) coin of the period, where the countermark may be a Δ. That coin was struck for Octavian in Thessalonica, dated to 28/27 B.C. It is listed as "not verified" and the countermark described as A or Δ. In regard to [107], the countermark is very clearly Δ! Collection Automan.Automan
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ΔAK237 viewsSyria-Coele, Leucas ad Chrysoroas, Balanea Leucas. Trajan 103 A.D. (Year 55). AE-21 mm, 7.67 grs. AV: AU KAI NER - TRAIANOC, Laur. head to right, within dotted border, Rectangular CM: ΔAK, Howgego 529 (43 pcs). RV: [LEU]KAD[EwN], Emperor with szepter in quadriga to right, in the field: EN (Year 55), within dotted border. Note: The CM (ΔAK) refers to Trajan's title "Dacicus". Interestingly, the title is already present on the coin. It has therefore been suggested by H.Seyrig that its application was a means for raising money for a gift for the emperor. Collection: Mueller.Automan
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ΘEC in rectangular punch180 viewsMACEDON. Thessalonica. Nero. Æ 23. A.D. 54-68. Obv: NE(PΩNC)EBAΣΣ-TOΣKAIΣAP (sic.). Bare head left; countermark across neck. Rev: ΘECCAΛ-ONIKH-ΩN in three lines in oak-wreath, eagle at top. Ref: BMC -; RPC 1603 (5 pcs); Axis: 180°. Weight: 7.36 g. Note: The name and face of Nero have been erased (damnatio). CM: ΘEC in rectangular punch, 7 x 3 mm. Howgego 537 (7 pcs). Note: Howgego notes that the countermark was probably applied in A.D. 68/69, sanctioning coins of Nero. He also notes that the application of the countermark was not directly connected with the erasure of the name and face of Nero, since this was done to only one of the seven specimens he identified. Collection Automan.Automan
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ΘY (monogram of)202 viewsLYDIA. Thyatira. Elagabalus. Æ 26. A.D. 218-222. Obv: AVTKMAAN-TΩNEINOC. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; countermark on lower part of bust. Rev: (ΘVAT-E-I-)PHNΩN. Athena seated left, holding palladium in right extended arm, resting left arm on spear, wheel-like shield resing against throne. Ref: BMC 114. Axis: 180°. Weight: 7.60 g. Note: Same obverse die as Sear (GIC) 3072. CM: Monogram of Θ and Y, in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego 617 (11 pcs). Note: Undoubtedly the countermark refers to the city of Thyatira where the host coin was issued. Collection Automan.Automan
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Λ (or possibly Δ)199 viewsCILICIA. Adana (?). Elagabalus. Æ 34. A.D. 218-222. Obv: AVKMAVPANTΩNEINOCCEΓ (or similar), Π-Π on either side of portrait. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; countermark on head. Rev: AΔAN-EΩN (?). Zeus seated left on throne, holding staff in left hand and patera right hand, right arm extended. Ref: BMC -. Axis: 165°. Weight: 22.31 g. CM: Λ (or possibly Δ) in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego -. Note: Deeply recessed countermark. Collection Automan.Automan
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94 viewsAugustus. 27 BC-AD 14
Æ Dupondius (25mm, 5.96 g, 1 h)
Balkans region. Imitating a Rome mint issue of an uncertain moneyer. Struck early 1st century AD.
Corrupt legend in two lines within wreath; two imitative countermarks
Large (retrograde S)C
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27 viewsSPAIN, Oducia
PB Tessera (19mm, 3.95 g)
MF/OD within wreath (Municipium Flavium Oducensis)
Blank
Cf. Casariego, Cores, & Pliego 14b

The municipia Flavia were a series of small towns founded as part of Vespasian's reconstruction of Spain. These settlements are notable in that the civic laws are preserved in stone for many of the settlements.
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17 viewsROME
PB Tessera (15mm, 1.90 g, 6h)
Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia, within triangular frame
(HL)E
Rostovtsew –

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)

The token manufacturer accidentally combined a stock obverse intended for a triangular token with a custom reverse for a circular one.
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14 viewsROME
PB Tessera (20mm, 5.35 g, 12h)
Draped bust of Hercules left, wearing lion's skin and holding club over shoulder, with hair and beard in Antonine-Severan style
The Dioscuri standing facing one another, each holding spear and bridle of horse
Rostovtsev 2085; Rostovtsev & Prou 377

Rostovtsev suggests that the obverse may depict Caracalla. This interpretation is somewhat plausible, but unlikely, considering the additional object on the obverse, and the bare head of the figure.
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phallus1.JPG
45 viewsROME
PB Tessera (16mm, 2.92 g, 12 h)
Horse standing right; C above
Erect phallus; A V flanking
Rostovtsev -

Rostovtsev1 gathers into one group all tesserae depicting the phallus, various iterations of the word Amor, and the extremely rare pieces depicting sexual acts. He assumes that these pieces were entrance tickets to the Lupanaria, ancient brothels. This association has caused many scholars to refuse to accept tesserae as currency, as they feel that such crude themes would never have been depicted on currency. Thornton2, however, convincingly argues that, as Mercury is sometimes depicted as a herm, a statuary type consisting of a bust set on a square pedestal adorned with only genitalia, the phallus is in fact an emblem of the god in his guise as a fertility deity.


1. Rostovtzev, Mikhail. 1905. Römische Bleitesserae. Ed. C.F. Lehmann and E Kornemann. Beiträge z. Liepzig: Theodor Weicher.

2. Thornton, M. K. 1980. “The Roman Lead Tesserae : Observations on Two Historical Problems Author.” Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte 29 3: 341-3
1 commentsArdatirion
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51 viewsROME
PB Tessera (13mm, 3.30 g, 12 h)
Facing head of Medusa
Bestiarius standing facing, holding net and spear
Rostowzew 589 = Kircheriano 1167

The Roman bestiarii were arena fighters who fought against animals while wielding the spear and net. While professional schools for this role eventually developed, most animal fighters were condemned prisoners who barely survived a single match. They should be distinguished from the traditional gladiatiores, who fought only other men. It was in the role of bestiarius that Commodus won his arena fame and Herculean title.
2 commentsArdatirion
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18 viewsROME
PB Tessera (20mm, 5.77 g, 12 h)
Mercury standing facing, holding bag and caduceus
Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia
Rostowzew 2647.1 = Rostowzew & Prou 300

The style of this piece is finer than one would expect for a common Roman type. Although difficult to tell without an illustration, Rostowzew 2647.1 is the only listed specimen near the size and is persumably of the same style.
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00061x00.jpg
31 viewsROME
PB Tessera (19mm, 3.47 g, 9h)
Roma seated right, holding Victory and spear
G P R F (Genio Populi Romani Feliciter) in circle
Rostovtzev 1576; BM 369

Rostovtsev cites two examples in the British Museum, as well as five more in smaller collections. Thornton could only locate one specimen.
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17 viewsATTICA, Athens
PB Tessera. (15mm, 4.00 g)
Struck circa 200-263 AD
Helmeted head right
Blank
Lang & Crosby 246

The style of the bust on this token closely matches one discovered in the Stoa at the Athenian Agora, firmly dated to the mid 3rd century AD.
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eagle1.JPG
36 viewsIONIA, Ephesos. A. Aurelius Marcellienus Phil. 2nd-3rd centuries AD.
PB Tessera (14mm, 2.28 g)
∙ A ∙ AYP ∙ MAPKЄΛΛIЄNOY ΦIΛ
Eagle standing right on rock, raising one leg, with shrimp in mouth
Blank
Gülbay & Kireç -
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60 viewsUNITED STATES, Hard Times. Political issues.
CU Token (28.5mm, 10.36 g, 6 h). Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1837.
Laureate head of Liberty right; above, E. PLURIBUS UNUM on ribbon; thirteen stars around; 1837
MILLIONS FOR DEFENCE. Within wreath: NOT/ ONE/ CENT/ -/ FOR TRIBUTE
Rulau HT 48; Low 28
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00004x00~3.jpg
89 viewsUNITED STATES, Hard Times. Political issues.
CU Token (28.5mm, 8.53 g, 12h). Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Struck 1837-1842.
· (rosette) · I TAKE THE · (rosette) ·/ RESPONSIBILITY, half length bust of Jackson emerging from chest, holding saber and money bag
· THE CONSTITUTION ·/ AS I UNDERSTAND IT. Mule standing left, LL.D on flank; above, ROMAN/ FIRMNESS; below, VETO
Rulau HT 72; Low 53

Ex Steve Hayden (20 July 2014), lot 429; Don Miller Collection; William Dunham Collection (B. Max Mehl, 3 August 1941), lot 2627
1 commentsArdatirion
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20 viewsUNITED STATES, Hard Times. Political issues.
CU Token (28.5mm, 8.53 g, 12h). Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1838.
AM I NOT A WOMAN & A SISTER, hained female slave kneeling right, raising arms in supplication; * 1838 * below UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, LIBERTY/ 1838 within wreath
Rulau HT 81; Low 54

Ex Album 33 (17 January 2019), lot 2542

June 1900 saw a brief flurry of journalistic interest in the "Am I Not A Woman & A Sister" tokens. A specimen had been found in a garden in Indiana, apparently in one of the many towns that claim a connection to the Underground Railroad, and received a glowing and fanciful write up in the local newspaper. The paper claimed that it was a "Talisman of Slavery," and used as a token to ensure safe passage along the escaped slave's route, and that it was a very rare piece. The following week a newspaper in Maine recorded that a local collector had another example, again drawing a purported connection to the Underground Railroad. Astutely, the July 1900 edition of the American Journal of Numismatics pointed out that, while an isolated use like this was possible, it was not what the tokens were originally intended for.
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74 viewsINDONESIA, Kingdom of Srivijaya.
7th-13th centuries AD
Æ (17mm, 0.32 g).
Cirebon or Tegal area. Struck in the early 11th century
Xian Ping Yuan Bao in crude Hànzì
Blank
Zeno 124661


The kingdom of Srivijaya (San Fo Chi, in Chinese) apparently petitioned the Emperor Zhēnzōng of China, seeking protection from the Chola Kingdom and permission to strike coins. This type, known only from recent finds near Palembang, likely represents the earliest native coinage of that area.
1 commentsArdatirion
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80 viewsINDONESIA, Sultanate of Palembang. Circa AD 1790's-1821
Tin Cash (20mm, 0.61 g)
Palembang mint
Shi Dan Li Bao in Hànzì
Blank
T.D. Yih, "Tiny Pitis Inscribed 'Shi-Dan' (Sultan) from Palembang," in ONS Newsletter 204 (Summer 2010), type I-1

Found in Palembang

Hang Li Po first appears in the Malay Annals as a Chinese princess sent to be the fifth bride of sultan Mansur Shah of Malacca. However, there is no reference to this event in official Ming documents. Li Po may merely be a beautiful concubine given to the Sultan. Alternatively, she may be the daughter of an otherwise unknown Chinese ruler in the area, to whom this coin may perhaps be attributed.
1 commentsArdatirion
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92 viewsUNITED STATES TOKENS, Hard Times. Belleville, New Jersey. “T. Duseaman, butcher”
CU Token (28mm, 10.84 g, 1h)
Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Struck 1837
AGRICULTURE & COMMERCE/ * BAS CANADA *
Bouquet
T. DUSEAMAN BUTCHER/ * BELLEVILLE *
Eagle standing left, with wings spread and head left, holding shield emblazoned with anchor; thirteens stars around
Rulau HT 204; Low 148; Corteau 71; Charlton LC-45; Breton 670

T. Duseaman never existed. This type was struck from a rejected die for the token of one Tobias Seaman, a butcher in Belleville. Mint workers added a U to the name and combined it with a damaged die from the Lower Canada series to produce this currency issue. Breton notes that the type is most often found in Canada, suggesting that it was deliberately produced at minimal cost for sale to Canadian brokers.
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00006x00~1.jpg
77 viewsUNITED STATES, Trade Tokens. New York, New York. John H. Dayton, Union Steam Washing.
CU Token (28.5mm, 9.85 g, 12 h) Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dies by John Gibbs. Dated 1837
Laureate head of Liberty right; above, E. PLURIBUS UNUM on ribbon; thirteen stars around; 1837; c/m: small D above, '61' in white ink to left
* JAY. H. DAYTONS. UNION STEAM WASHING EST./ * 17th St. NEAR 5th AVENUE * NY/, WASHING/ DONE FOR/ SHIPS. ST BOATS/ HOTELS &/ PRIVATE FAMILIES
Rulau HT 249, Low 114

Ex Don Miller Collection; William Dunham Collection (B. Max Mehl, 3 August 1941), lot 2680
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69 viewsUNITED STATES TOKENS, Hard Times. New York, New York. Henry Law, baker.
CU Token (29mm, 8.60 g, 12 h)
Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Struck 1834-1835
ENGLISH BREAD/ TWIST & FANCY CAKES
Bushel of wheat
H. LAW BAKER/ 187 CANAL St NEW YORK
Eagle standing right, with wings spread and head left, shield on breast and olive branch in talons
Rulau HT 286; Low 261

Henry Law was married to Charlotte (née Stephens), the sister of William Stephens, a partner in one of the two firms that comprised the Belleville mint. Henry's bakery moved to Canal St. in 1834 and was closed in late 1834 or early 1835, when its proprietor died. Charlotte and her children later moved to Belleville.
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Asia_Minor_tessera.jpg
24 viewsUNCERTAIN EAST
Circa 300 BC - 100 AD?
PB Tessera (20mm, 3.79 g)
Two punches: bee, Λ A flanking; Nike advancing facing, head right
Blank
Gülbay & Kireç -; Lang & Crosby -; Howgego -

The first punch depicts a bee with a long, cylindrical body, triangular pointed wings, and globular eyes with the letters Λ and A flanking. A second, added later over the edge of the first, shows Nike striding boldly forward with her head slightly to the right. The elegant engraving of the punches, both unlisted as countermarks in Howgego, contrasts starkly with the rough, unfinished flan. Although the basic types of Nike and a bee are common at Ephesos, the fabric and style differ from the issues of that city. Neither does the piece fit with the tokens found in the Athenian Agora. All considered, this piece appears consistent with what one would expect from a temporary token or entry pass, possibly of the pre-Roman period.
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00005x00~7.jpg
26 viewsEGYPT, Antinoöpolis
PB Tessera – Dichalkon
Draped bust of Antinous right, wearing hem-hem crown(?);[Δ]/I downward to left, X/A downward to right
Tyche standing right, holding rudder and cornucopia; [Λ/K] downwards to left, [O/N] downwards to right

This piece is extremely important for the study of lead tokens in Roman Egypt. The legend reads DIXALKON, normally a bronze denomination. Leads bearing denominational names are known from only a few specimens (see Köln 3502, for one such piece from Memphis), including one of this type in Dattari (Savio).
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pharoah.jpg
39 viewsEGYPT, Arsinoe (Krokodilopolis)
PB Tessera. (25mm, 7.23 g)
Head of Pharoah right
Serapis seated left on throne, holding scepter
Milne 5442 (Fayûm class); Dattari (Savio) -; Köln 3614

Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 238, lot 295

Milne gives this type to an uncertain city in the Fayûm. Considering the thematic and stylistic similarities with the named piece of Arsinoe, an attribution to this city is probable.
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00006x00~5.jpg
12 viewsEGYPT, Memphis
PB Tessera
Uncertain figure standing facing, holding bust of Harpokrates wearing skent crown; MEMΦIC to right
Serapis enthroned left, holding scepter, with Cerberus at feet; to left, Demeter(?) standing right, holding scepter; to right, Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln 3563
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00026x00~0.jpg
20 viewsCaracalla. AD 198-217.
Æ Denarius (19mm, 2.90 g, 5 h)
Copying a Rome mint issue of AD 212-213.
Laureate head right
Moneta standing facing, holding scales and cornucopia
Cf. RIC IV 224
1 commentsArdatirion
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93 viewsCANADA, Tokens. Nova Scotia. William IV. King of Great Britain, 1830-1837.
CU Penny Token (34.5 mm, 14.27 g, 6 h)
Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1832, but struck circa 1835.
PROVINCE OF NOVA SCOTIA
Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
ONE PENNY TOKEN, thistle with two leaves; 1832 below
Charlton NS-4A2; Breton 870

Canadian catalogs traditionally give this issue to an illicit mint in Montreal. Wayne Jacobs1 argues that these were struck in Belleville. While his methodology is somewhat questionable - most of his theory is based off a unreliable editorial in an 1893 edition of the Newark Sunday Call - his reasoning regarding this series is sound. He is able to clearly demonstrate that the halfpenny and penny tokens in question are a product of a single, cohesive establishment which could not have been located in Lower Canada. Finally, Jacobs' claim can be supported by documentary evidence from the Belleville mint's primary competitor, the Scoville Company of Waterbury, Connecticut. A letter from J.M.L. to W.H. Scoville, dated April 4 1839, states that, "a competitor was stamping Canada Nova Scotia and Southern coins at 35 cents a pound."

1. Jacobs, Wayne. 1996. “The Shadowy Issues of the Belleville Mint.” Canadian Numismatic Journal 41 1: 13–26.
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73 viewsCANADA, Tokens. Nova Scotia. William IV. King of Great Britain, 1830-1837
CU Halfpenny Token (28mm, 8.47 g, 6 h)
John Walker & Company's mint. Dated 1832
PROVINCE OF NOVA SCOTIA
Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of George IV right
ONE PENNY TOKEN, thistle with two leaves; 1832 below
Charlton NS-1D1; Breton 871
1 commentsArdatirion
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26 viewsLIBERIA, American Colonization Society. 1820-1847.
CU Cent. Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1833.
LIBERIA, nude man standing before shore, cutting at tree to left; brush to right; in distance, ship under sail right; 1833 in exergue
AMERICAN COLONIZATION SOCIETY/ ONE CENT. FOUNDED/ A.D./ 1816
Snyder dies 1/A; Colver & Harley 1; KM Tn 2

The first regular strike in the sequence.
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00001x00~13.jpg
14 viewsLIBERIA, American Colonization Society. 1820-1847.
CU Cent. Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1833.
LIBERIA, nude man standing before shore, cutting at tree to left; brush to right; in distance, ship under sail right; 1833 in exergue
AMERICAN COLONIZATION SOCIETY/ ONE CENT. FOUNDED/ A.D./ 1816
Snyder dies 1/D; Colver & Harley –; KM Tn2

Ex Katz E-Auction 24 (14 August 2019), lot 900

The obverse of this token is from the first regular circulation issue, here heavily repolished and paired with a die from one of the final strikes, linking the two otherwise distinct sets of obverse dies. Only seven examples of this pairing are known. Snyder notes that die pairing 3/C, presently unlinked to others, could place between the first (obv 5 & 1) and second group (obv 2 &4). As obverses 3 and 4 both occur with significant breaks, this 1/D pairing may have been struck to replace either 3 or 4, with the later being more likely considering the sequence, and the 3/C pair the final set of dies used.
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00002x00~10.jpg
46 viewsLIBERIA, American Colonization Society. 1820-1847.
CU Cent. Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1833.
LIBERIA, nude man standing before shore, cutting at tree to left; brush to right; in distance, ship under sail right; 1833 in exergue
AMERICAN COLONIZATION SOCIETY/ ONE CENT. FOUNDED/ A.D./ 1816
Snyder dies 1/E; Colver & Harley 5; KM Tn 2
1 commentsArdatirion
00002x00~2.jpg
80 viewsLIBERIA, American Colonization Society. 1820-1847.
CU Cent (28.5mm, 10.38 g, 1h). Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dies by Gibbs. Dated 1833.
LIBERIA. Nude man standing before shore, cutting at tree to left; brush to right; in distance, ship under sail right; 1833 in exergue
AMERICAN COLONIZATION SOCIETY/ ONE CENT. FOUNDED/ A.D./ 1816
Snyder dies 2/B; Colver & Harley 2; KM Tn 1
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00001x00~12.jpg
34 viewsLIBERIA, American Colonization Society. 1820-1847.
CU Cent. Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1833.
LIBERIA. Nude man standing before shore, cutting at tree to left; brush to right; in distance, ship under sail right; 1833 in exergue
AMERICAN COLONIZATION SOCIETY/ ONE CENT. FOUNDED/ A.D./ 1816
Snyder dies 2/B; Colver & Harley 2; KM Tn 1

Ex Westfälische Auktionsgesellschaft Online Auction 91 (4 November 2018), lot 259
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00003x02.jpg
7 viewsLIBERIA, American Colonization Society. 1820-1847.
CU Cent. Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1833.
LIBERIA, nude man standing before shore, cutting at tree to left; brush to right; in distance, ship under sail right; 1833 in exergue
AMERICAN COLONIZATION SOCIETY/ ONE CENT. FOUNDED/ A.D./ 1816
Snyder dies 2/D; Colver & Harley 6; KM Tn 1
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00007x00~5.jpg
31 viewsLIBERIA, American Colonization Society. 1820-1847
CU Cent
Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1833
LIBERIA, Nude man standing before shore, cutting at tree to left; brush to right; in distance, ship under sail right; 1833 in exergue
AMERICAN COLONIZATION SOCIETY/ ONE CENT. FOUNDED/ A.D./ 1816
Snyder dies 4/D; Colver & Harley 4; KM Tn1

The final regular strike in the sequence.
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IMG_1361.JPG
64 viewsUNITED STATES, Native proto-currency. Seneca tribe.
Ganounata village (Honeoye Falls, NY). Circa AD 1625-1687
White wampum beads (apx. 5mm, 0.10g each)
Carved white shell beads with lateral hole for suspension in belt
Cf. William Martin Beauchamp, Wampum and Shell Articles Used by the New York Indians, p. 369

Found at the Dann Farm site in Honeoye Falls, NY.


In 1687 combined French and Huron forces, lead by the Marquis de Denonville, set out to undermine the strength of the Iriquois Confederacy. The main strike was made against Seneca villages in Western New York. Ganounata was burned during the campaign. This episode was only one in a long line of conflicts fought over control of the North American fur trade.

Wampum was used by Native Americans in woven belts of white and black beads. The white beads were crafted from the columella of the Channeled Whelk, the black from the quahog. Traditionally, wampum belts were used as a ceremonial object to initiate a trade contract. It was only with the coming of the Europeans that wampum began to function as coinage. In 1673, New York state officially set the value of wampum at six white beads to the Dutch stuiver, or three black until they fell out of use.
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DSC_4480.JPG
48 viewsUNITED STATES, Native proto-currency. Northern Pacific coast. 18th-early19th century
Shell “kop-kop” (29mm by 6mm, 0.38 g)
Tubular shell of the dentalium genus of mollusks
Robert Stearns, Ethno-conchology: A Study of Primitive Money p. 314-321

Ex Detroit Museum of Art

Kop-kops were smaller or damaged pieces of hi-qua shells and circulated as a fraction of the hi-qua. Use of this shell type as currency ranged from northern California to Alaska.
1 commentsArdatirion
00037x00.jpg
46 viewsUNITED STATES TOKENS, Hard Times. Political issues
CU Cent Token (28mm, 8.11 g, 5 h)
Dies by William Eaves for the Scoville Co. of Waterbury, Connecticut.
Dually dated 1827 and 1835. Struck 1837.
MERCHANT EXCHANGE WALL ST N. YORK, facade of bank, BUILT 1827/ BURNT 1835
MILLIONS FOR DEFENCE, NOT/ ONE/ CENT/ FOR TRIBUTE within wreath
Rulau HT 293; Low -
1 commentsArdatirion
gnostic_token.jpg
141 viewsROME
PB Gnostic amulet
3rd-5th century AD
Abraxas standing left, with head of a cock, body of a man, and legs of a serpent, holding spear and shield
Star over crescent; ABPA/ CAZ below
Cf. Rostowzew & Prou 820a (oval shape, letters IAω around deity)

Remnants of loupe for suspension at 12'

Not a tessera, but often erroneously included among them.
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pepin-saint-denis.JPG
D.892 Pepin the Brief (denier, Saint-Denis?)18 viewsPepin the Brief, king of the Franks (751-768)
Denier, Saint-Denis ? (751-768)

Silver, 1.22 g, 16 mm diameter, die axis 11 h

O/ RP under a bar; pellets in the field
R/ ΛVT / TRΔ / NO

RP on the obverse means Rex Pippinus, or maybe PiPpinus Rex (the first R would then have to be read twice, the first time as a P).
The reverse is more intricate. First, the mint was identified as Antrain in Brittany. However, a lead slab has been found in Saint-Denis, on which similiar dies had been tested. As a consequence these deniers may have been minted in Saint-Denis monastery. However the legend on the reverse is still unclear (name of a moneyer, abbreviation of a latine phrase ?).
Droger
hugues-france-denier-orelans~0.JPG
Hugh Magnus: denier (Orléans)12 viewsHugh Magnus (Hugues de France in french) (1007-1025)
Denier (Orléans)

Billon, 1.28 g, diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 12h
O/ +D-I DEXTRA BE; city gate with an H on the left, a V below, a G on the right and a O on the top
R/ +AVRELIANIS CIVITAS; cross pattée

Hugh was the elder son of Robert II (the Pious), second capetian king of the Franks (996-1031). Hugues was crowned as an associate king in 1017. However, he died before his father and consequently he never ruled. No other son of a king of France had been called Hugh.

The obverse legend is a Christian one: dei dextra benedictus (blessed on God's right). As usual for Orléans mint, the I after the L in Avrelianis is in the angle.
Droger
charlemagne-denier-bourges~0.JPG
D.175 Charles the Great [Charlemagne] (denier, class 3, Bourges)16 viewsCharles the Great, king of the Franks (768-840) and Holy Roman emperor (800-814)
Denier (Bourges, class 3, 781-800)

Silver, 1.18 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 3h

O/ [+CA]RLVS REX FR; cross pattée with a crescent in each quarter
R/ [+B]ITVRICA[S]; carolingian monogram KRLS

For the 3rd type of his coinage, Charles the Great introduced the famous KRLS monogram. This one contains all the letters of Karolvs : the consonants are clearly written at the edges and bound by a lozenge. The vowels are at the center of the monogram: A (using the upper part of the lozenge, O as the whole lozenge and V as the down part of the lozenge).
This monogram still appeared two centuries later in the coinage of Hugh Capet, first capetian king.
Droger
valens-silique-urbs-roma.JPG
RIC.27e1 Valens (siliqua, Vrbs Roma)17 viewsValens, eastern roman emperor (364-378)
Siliqua : Vrbs Roma (367-375, Trèves)

silver (900 ‰), 17 mm diameter, 1.96 g, die axis: 7h

A/ D N VALEN-S P F AVG; pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
R/ VRBS - ROMA / TRPS• in exergue; Roma seated left on throne, holding Victory on globe and spear
Droger
louis1-denier-melle-lin.JPG
D.609 Louis the Pious (denier, Melle, class 2)49 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Denier (Melle, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 1.48 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 3 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée
R/ META / . / LLVM

Louis' deniers correspond to his father's (Charles the Great) ``novus denarius'', whose weight is supposed to be near 1.7 g with a certain variability.

This denier is typical of Class 2 of Louis' coinage (819-822).
A circular inscription of the name of the ruler surrounds a cross pattée on the observe. The quite surprising Hlvdovvicvs initially comes from the germanic name Chlodowig ("Clovis"). This one was first transcribed to latin as Chlodowicvs. The initial C then disappeared, which explains the H at the beginning. The w(=vv) finally became a standard v, which gave Lvdovicvs (Louis). The imperial title imp is also given.

The reverse consists of the mint name, in field. The mint name may be split in 2 or 3 lines.
Droger
louis1-denier-quentovic.JPG
D.803 Louis the Pious (denier, Quentovic, class 2)17 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Denier (Quentovic, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 1.55 g, 18 mm diameter, die axis 6h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée
R/ QVENTO / . / VICVS

Qventovic was a former port close to the English Channel in the northern part of France. It was a prominent trading place until it was abandoned, probably in the 11th century, because of Viking attacks.
Droger
louis1-obole-melle-lin.JPG
D.613var Louis the Pious (obol, Melle, class 2)34 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Obol (Melle, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 0.74 g, 17 mm diameter, die axis 9 h

O/ LVDO / VVIC
R/ +METALLVM; cross pattée

As the value of a denier was quite important (a sheep typically cost 10 deniers during Charles the Great's reign), a smaller coin was needed. Clearly speaking, an obol is a half-denier. The carolingian coinage is typically one of silver deniers and obols. Obols and deniers were usually produced by pairs of the same kind.

Contrary to the related denier, the name of the ruler is here in the field and the mint name surrounds a cross pattée.
The absence of the imperial title made think that the coin had been struck when Louis was king of Aquitaine (before the death of Charles the Great). However there are similar obols with out of Aquitain mints. The absence of the imperial title (as well as an abbreviated name Lvdovvic instead of Hlvdovvicvs) may be due to a lack of space.
Droger
louis1-denier-melle-circ.JPG
D.611 Louis the Pious (denier, Melle, class 2)33 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Denier (Melle, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 1.77 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 6 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée
R/ +METALLVM; cross pattée

The obsverse is similar to the previous denier. The difference is that the mint name is around a cross pattée on the reverse. This type is scarer than the one with the mint name in the field. The presence of both types in a hoard shows that both date from the beginning of Louis' reign and belong to the same Class 2.
Grierson and Blackburn suggest that this difference is due to a misunderstanding of the mint instructions.
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D.1179 Louis the Pious (denier, class 3)51 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
"Temple" denier (unknown mint, class 3, 822-840)

Silver, 1.56 g, 20.5 mm diameter, die axis 3 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée with 4 pellets
R/ +XPISTIANA RELIGIO; temple

The XPISTIANA should be read "χρISTIANA", nice mix of greek and latin letters.

This is the most common carolingian coin (Class 3 of Louis' coinage).
The obverse is the same as Class 2. However, the reverse is a signature of the alliance between the Carolingians and the Roman Church, which began with Louis' father (Charles the Great) and the systematic introduction of a cross on coins. Louis carried on...

There is no indication of the mint name on this coinage. This fact is generally interpreted as a reinforcement of the imperial autority. Many people tried to localize the precise location of mints. Simon Coupland proposed an attribution, using stylistic similarities to other coins of well known mints. Some cases are easy to attribute but not this one (maybe Quentovic or Verdun ?)...

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D.abs Louis the Pious (obol, class 3)19 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Obol (unknown mint in the south-east of France?, class 3, 822-840)

Silver, 0.77 g, 15 mm diameter, die axis 5 h

O/ +PISTIΛNΛ PI; cross pattée with 4 pellets
R/ +OPISTIΛNΛ PE; cross pattée

This obol may be due to a double reverse error because of the absence of the sovereign's name and the legend repetition on both sides. However several dies were used to strike this type (I could find 3 obverse and 3 reverse dies), one side always bears 4 pellets as the other does not. One of the reverse dies is associated to the more typical obverse legend +HLVDOVVICVS I. Consequently an error does not seem to be likely. Because of hoard localizations, these obols seem to come from a single mint, in the south-east of France (Lyon, Arles?).
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RIC.28a Gratian (siliqua, Virtvs Romanorvm)38 viewsGratian, western roman emperor (367-383)
Siliqua: Virtvs Romanorvm (378-383, Aquilee mint)

silver, 18 mm diameter, 1.82 g, die axis: 1 h

A/ D N GRATIA-NVS P F AVG; pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
R/ VIRTVS RO-MANORVM/AQPS in exergue; Roma seating on throne, head left holding globe and spear
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D.197 Charles II the Bald (obol, class 1a, Bourges, Aquitaine)20 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Obol (Bourges, Aquitaine, class 1a, 848-849 ?)

Silver, 0.80 g, 17 mm diameter, die axis 5h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX ; cross pattée
R/ AQUI / • / TANIA

The obols of Charles the Bald with AQUITANIA on the reverse are thought to have been minted in Bourges due to hoard studies. For instance, Chaumoux-Marcilly (small village near Bourges) hoard was found in 1930. It had in it 40 coins of Charles the Bald: 20 from Bourges, 17 obols with AQVITANIA, 2 from Melle and one from Orléans. This hoard is consequently supposed to be made of local coins, and AQVITANIA obols of Charles the Bald are supposed to have been minted in Bourges.

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D.626 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1d, Melle)25 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Melle, class 1d, 840-864)

Silver, 1.73 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 5h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX; cross pattée
R/ +METVLLO; carolingian monogram

This coinage with the shorter legend CΛRLVS REX is much rarer than the common one with the legend CΛRLVS REX FR. The composition of a hoard in Poitou suggests that this type can be unambiguously attributed to Charles the Bald. This coinage may have been minted at the beginning of Charles the Bald's reign, just before Pippin II took the control of Melle in 845.
Among the 12 known specimens, 5 have a deformed monogram, with the L and the S exchanging places, and on their sides. This feature, the shorter legend, as well as the unusual position of the legend opening cross on top of the monogram may suggest that there was some confusion in Melle at this time, when Charles gave back (temporarily) Aquitaine to Pippin.
The reverse is slightly double struck.
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D.627 Charles II the Bald (denier ?, class 1d, Melle)16 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Melle ?, class 1d, 840-864)

Silver, 1.35 g, 20.5 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX R; cross pattée
R/ +METxVLLO; carolingian monogram

The x in METxVLLO on the reverse has been widely discussed.
For instance, Depeyrot understands it as an immobilization/feudal issue. The crude style of theses deniers and the lightly degenerate legend of this one (CARLVS REX R instead of REX FR) seems in coherence with this hypothesis. However, the x is always at the same place.
Moreover, this type of coin has been found in the Brioux hoard, which may be datable to the beginning of Charles the Bald's reign. Grierson and Blackburn suggest that these coins with x were mainly minted in Poitiers. Using the legend of the close Melle mint allowed to take advantage of the reputation of Melle coinage.
Coupland proposes that this METxVLLO type came after the METVLLO type after 860 and until round 925. Then, it was replaced by the MET/ALO type. In order to explain the differences of interpretation, Coupland thinks that several hoards were wrongly dated or described.
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D.375 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Courcessin?)35 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Courcessin?, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 1.43 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R/ +I.CVRTISΛSONIEH; cross pattée

In 864, Charles the Bald promulgated the edict of Pîtres, huge reform whose aim was to protect the kingdom from Viking raids. It also reinforced royal authority on minting, and created a new type of deniers . The new coins could be only struck at 10 mints (Palace, Chalon sur Saône, Melle, Narbonne, Orléans, Paris, Quentovic, Reims, Rouen and Sens). This limitation had never been applied, more than 110 mints struck the new coinage. This can be understood as a lack of control of the central autority. However it seems that several mints shared dies... Grierson and Blackburn proposed that only 10 main mints produced dies and partially outsourced coinage production ?
On the obverse is written GRATIA D-I REX (GDR) around a carolingian monogram. The alliance with Roman Church goes on... The reverse already existed for Class 1, with the mint name around a cross pattée.
Class 2 of Charles' coinage is made of these GDR deniers.

The precise localization of the mint in Normandie (north of France) is still not clear. According to Grierson and Blackburn, Courti(s) Sasonien(sis) may come from some groups of Saxons settled in northern part of Gaul.
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D.750 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Palace Mint)4 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Palace Mint, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 1.77 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 2h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R/ +PΛLΛTINΛ MONE; cross pattée

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D.198 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 3, Bourges)27 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877) and Holy Roman Emperor (875-877)
Denier (Bourges, class 2, 876-877)

Silver, 1.47 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +CΛRLVS IMP ΛVG; cross pattée
R/ +BITVRICES CIVIT; carolingian monogram

In 875, after the death of his nephew, the Emperor Louis II, Charles received the imperial crown.
The related coinage clearly shows the imperial title in a roman way, IMP AVG. This coinage may be undistinguishable from the one of Charles the Fat (885-887), when he assumed West Francia kingship (before being chased by Eudes, count of Paris and next king of the Franks).
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Dy.146 Louis VII (the Young): denier parisis (Paris), 3rd type12 viewsLouis VII, king of the Franks (1137-1180)
Denier parisis (Paris), 3rd type

Billon, 0.83 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 3h
O: LVDOVICVS REX; FRA/OCN
R: PA[R]ISII CIVIS, cross pattée

The second line on the field of the obverse must be read form right to left, so that one can read : Lvdovicvs rex franco(rum).
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Dy.148 Louis VII (the Young): denier parisis (Paris), 4th type23 viewsLouis VII, king of the Franks (1137-1180)
Denier parisis (Paris), 4th type

Billon, 0.90 g, diameter 18-20 mm, die axis 3h
O: +LVDOVICVS RE; FRA/OCN
R: PA[R]ISII CIVIS, cross pattée

The second line on the field of the obverse must be read form right to left, so that one can read : Lvdovicvs rex franco(rum).
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Dy.190C Louis IX (Saint Louis): Gros tournois57 viewsLouis IX, king of France (1226-1270)
Gros tournois (1266-1270)

Silver (958 ‰), 3.94 g, diameter 26 mm, die axis 12h
O: inner circle: +LVDOVICVS REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BHDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV.XPI
R: inner circle: +TVRONVS CIVIS; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

The full transcription of the obverse is: benedictvm sit nomen domini nostri dei Jesu Christi, which means ``blessed is the name of our Lord Jesus Christ'' (XPI is in fact a mix of greek and latin letters: χρI[STI]). This choice of religious legend is not surprising for a king as pious as Louis IX.

The value of the denier had become too small for use in commerce. So Louis IX introduced the Gros Tournois in 1266, with a value of 12 deniers tournois (12 is the number of lis, and also of letters of the obverse and reverse legends !). Gros means ``big'' or``thick'', and tournois ``of Tours'' (Tours is a french city). The inner part of a Gros tournois is similar to a denier tournois. An outer circle has been added with the christian legend on the obverse and 12 fleur-de-lis (symbol of French kingship) on the reverse.

Gros tournois were struck in France and entire Europe during one century.
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Dy.214 Philip IV (the Fair): Gros tournois with a long 032 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Gros tournois with long 0 (1290-1295)

Silver (958 ‰), 3.96 g, diameter 26 mm, die axis 11h
O: inner circle: +PhILIPPVS REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BNDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV.XPI
R: inner circle: +TVR0NVS CIVIS; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

The only difference between this emission and the previous one is the 0 in TVR0NVS, which is now long instead of round.
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Dy.227 Philip IV (the Fair): double parisis, 1st emission15 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Double parisis, 1st emission (1295-1303)

Billon (480 ‰), 1.28 g, diameter 20 mm, die axis 11h
O: +PhILIPPVS REX; leafy cross
R: +mOnETA DVPLEX: REGA/LIS under a fleur-de-lis

Philip had to face with extensive financial liabilities. He found money expelling Jews, Lombard bankers, arresting Templars and confiscating their properties. He also debased the French coinage and minted quite a large number of successive types and emissions of coins, with varying silver proportions.
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Dy.229 Philip IV (the Fair): double tournois, 1st emission22 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Double tournois, 1st emission (1295-1303)

Billon (399 ‰), 1.21 g, diameter 21 mm, die axis 12h
O: +PhILIPPVS REX; cross pattée with one fleur-de-lis
R: +mOn DVPLEX REGAL: chatel tournois' pediment with 2 lis
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Dy.238 Philip V (the Tall): Gros tournois 25 viewsPhilip V, king of France (1316-1322)
Gros tournois (1318)

Silver (958 ‰), 3.93 g, diameter 26mm, die axis 12h

O: inner circle: +PhILIPPVS(hammer)REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BHDICTV⋮
SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV⋮XPI
R: inner circle: +TVRONVS(hammer)CIVIS; châtel tournois;
outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

At first sight, Philip V's gros tournois are very similar to his father's ones. However, the general style is quite different: Philip V's tournois have a stretched castle, thiner letters with more space between them (especially for TVRONVS CIVIS), n of nOmЄ is an n but not an N) and ⋮ instead of . between IhV and XPI. Moreover, it is commonly thought that a hammer (like here) or a crescent separating TVRONVS/CIVIS and PHILIPPVS/REX is a typical feature of Philip V.

Philip V's gros tournois are scarcer than Philip IV's. His reign was shorter and a silver lack prevented him from minting as much as he wanted. Philip had to forbid the production of silver items like dishes in order to keep silver for minting.
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Dy.243A Charles IV (the Fair): maille blanche, 2ond emission22 viewsCharles IV, king of France (1322-1328)
Maille blanche, 2ond emission (07/1324)

Silver (798 ‰), 1.74 g, diameter 21-22 mm, die axis 10h
O: inner circle: +(spade)kAROLVS REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BHDICTV⋮SIT(ring)nOmЄ⋮DHI⋮nRI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm(ring); châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 10 fleur-de-lis, the top one being between 2 dots, which is characteristic of the 2ond emission




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Dy.243D Charles IV (the Fair): maille blanche, 3rd emission10 viewsCharles IV, king of France (1322-1328)
Maille blanche, 3rd emission (07/23/1326)

Silver (718 ‰), 1.64 g, diameter 22 mm, die axis 11h
O: inner circle: +kAROLVS(square)RE•X•; cross pattée; outer circle: BHDICTV⋮SIT(ring)nOmЄ⋮DHI⋮nRI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 10 fleur-de-lis, the top one being between 2 dots

The RE•X• on the reverse is characteristic of the 3rd emission. Most of the time, the top fleur-de-lis is also surrounded by two dots, similarly to the 2ond emission.



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Dy.244C Charles IV (the Fair): double Parisis, 3rd emission44 viewsCharles IV, king of France (1322-1328)
Double parisis, 3rd emission (07/24/1326)

Billon (319 ‰), 1.10 g, diameter 20 mm, die axis 3h
O: +kAROLVS REX(clover); crown with fleur-de-lis and a small ring below
R: +mOnETA DVPLEX; cross with fleur-de-lis

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Dy.262 Philip VI (of Valois): Gros à la couronne, 1st emission7 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros à la couronne, 1st emission (01/01/1337)

Silver (851 ‰), 2.51 g, diameter 25 mm, die axis 5h
O: inner circle: (ringlet)PhI-LIP-PVS-REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮nOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; châtel tournois under a crown, with 3 bullets inside; outer circle: a circlet of 11 fleur-de-lis

Philip VI is the first non direct capetian king. He was the cousin of the 3 previous kings.
The Gros tournois hadn't changed since its creation by Saint Louis. During Philip VI's reign, 3 new types of Gros were struck, with lighter weight and less silver. These monetary difficulties may be related to the premisses of the One Hundred Years' war and French military defeats.

The 3 bullets in the chatel (without any star below) are characteristic of the 1st emission.
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D.1155 Louis II the Stammerer (denier, Visé)5 viewsLouis II the Stammerer, king of the Franks (877-879)
Denier (Tours)

Silver, 0,79 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 8h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS REX; KRLS monogram of Charles (legend beginning at 10h)
R/ +IN VICO VIOSΛTO; croix pattée

The KRLS (Karolus) monogram appears on this coinage of Louis II. One can imagine that there hadn't been much time to think about a new monogram just after Charles II's death.

Louis II was physically quite weak and died 2 years after his father Charles II. His reign was consequently very short.
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RIC.67a1 Valentinian II (AE4, Salvs Reipvblicae)14 viewsValentinian II, western roman emperor (375-392)
Nummus AE4: Salvs Reipvblicae (383-392, Antioche, 1st officine)

bronze, 12 mm diameter, 1.51 g, die axis: 6 h,

A/ D N VALENTINIANVS IVN P F AVG; pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ SALVS REI-PVBLICAE / ANTA in exergue, chrisme in the field, Victory advancing left, holding trophy on
shoulder with right hand and dragging captive with left one
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RIC.66 Postumus: antoninianus (Herc Devsoniensi)10 viewsPostumus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (260-269)
Antoninianus: Felicitas Avg (3rd emission, 1st phase, 263-265, Trèves)

Billon (150 ‰), 4.09 g, diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 7 h

A/ IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ HERC DEV-SONIENSI; Hercules standing left in temple of four columns, leaning on club and holding lion's skin


EG.40
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D.1041 Louis III (denier, Tours)31 viewsLouis III, king of the Franks (879-882)
Denier (Tours)

Silver, 1.78 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +IIISIRICORDIΛ DI REX; Louis' monogram (legend beginning at 3h)
R/ +HTVR◊NES CIVITAS; croix pattée

Louis III became king of West Francia at 16 after his father Louis II died quite young. As he was the only living son of Charles II, Louis II had inherited the full kingdom of West Francia from his father. At opposite, when Louis II died, his sons Louis III and Carloman II divided the kingdom into a northern part for Louis III and a southern part for his brother Carloman II. During his reign, Louis III (in alliance with his brother) achieved military successes, especially against Vikings. However, Louis III's reign didn't last long. Louis III died inadvertently at 19 while chasing a girl on his horse. He hit violently the lintel of a door with his head.
Louis III's coinage is hard to distinguish from Louis II's. Both bear the same name et both reigns were very short. Three kinds of coins can be found:
* coins with legend LVDOVICS REX and a KRLS monogram : these coins have been found for northern and southern mints and are consequently given for Louis II;
* coins with a LVDOVICVS monogram ; they have only been found for the northern mints, and are consequently supposed to be Louis III's;
* coins of Toulouse with LV/DO, imitating the ones of Charles emperor with CA/RL. The attribution to Louis II seems to be straightforward due to the southern position.
The legend of the coin is different from the traditional Gratia di Rex, but still shows a religious origin. However its success remained very limited, with some scare coins of Louis III and Eudes.
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RIC.84b Magnus Maximus (siliqua, Virtvs Romanorvm)9 viewsMagnus Maximus, usurpor (383-384), western roman emperor (384-388)
Siliqua: Virtvs Romanorvm (383-388, Trèves mint)

silver 900‰, 18 mm diameter, 2.24 g, die axis: 1 h

A/ D N MAG MAX-IMVS P F AVG; pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
R/ VIRTVS RO-MANORVM / TRPS in exergue; Roma seated left on throne, holding Victory on globe and spear

Die breaking on the cheek
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S.1148 Aethelred II (crux penny, Winchester)17 viewsAethelred II, king of the English (978-1013 and 1014-1016)
Crux penny (moneyer: Brithmaer, mint: Winchester)

A/ +ΛEDELRED REX ΛNGLR X (AE and NG ligated) around central circle enclosing diademed & draped bust left holding a scepter
R/ BYRTHMΛER M-O PIN (AR ligated) around central circle containing voided cross with pellet center, C R V X in angles

silver, 1.65 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 1h
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S.1151 Aethelred II (long cross penny, Winchester)8 viewsAethelred II, king of the English (978-1013 and 1014-1016)
Long cross penny (moneyer: Godwine, mint: Canterbury, 997-1003)

A/ +ΛEDELRED REX ΛNGLO (AE and NG ligated) around central circle enclosing draped bust left
R/ +GODE-PINE-MΩO-CΛENT (NE and ΛE ligated) ; long voided cross with terminal lunettes

silver, 1.65 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 1h
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D.163 Eudes (denier, Blois)15 viewsEudes, king of the Franks (888-898)
Denier (Blois)

Silver, 1.59 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 3h

O/ +MISERICORDIΛ DE-I; monogram
R/ +BIESIΛNIS CΛSTR◊; cross pattée

Eudes was not a Carolingian. As count of Paris, he obtained successful results against the Viking attacks. He was then chosen by frankish noblemen to be the king. The legitimate heir Charles III the Simple was then too young to rule.

This type of coinage is a very Carolingian one.
Eudes made his own monograms. This one is quite elaborate, with ◊DO above and RX below. Still on the obverse, the inscription is Misericordia Dei instead of the traditional Gratia Dei Rex. These two features (monogram and legend) make this coin very similar to Louis III's coins of Touraine (Blois and Tours mainly).

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D.1012 Eudes (denier, Toulouse)31 viewsEudes, king of the Franks (888-898)
Denier (Toulouse)

Silver, 1.45 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 3h

O/ +ODDO REX FR-C; cross pattée
R/ +TOLOSA CIVI; OD/DO monogram

Eudes'monogram is quite simple on this coin. It is made of 2D's and 2 O's (Oddo, which is Eudes in latin). The legend is a very traditional one.
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S.1158 Cnut (pointed helmet penny, London)17 viewsCnut, king of England (1016-1035)
Pointed helmet penny (moneyer: Edwerd, mint: London, 1024-1030)

A/ +CNVT: - RECX A: around central circle enclosing bust in pointed helmet left holding scepter
R/ +ELEDERD ON LV(ND): around central circle enclosing quarters of short voided cross with circles in centre

silver, 1.04 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 7h

Peck marks are very common on these pennies. A large part of them was minted in order to pay the danegeld (tax raised to pay tribute to Vikings to save a land from their raids). These peck marks are supposed to have been made by Danes when checking the penny was in good silver.

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D.733 Rudolph (denier, Orléans)8 viewsRudolph (or Raoul, Radulf), king of the Franks (923-936)
Denier (Orléans)

Silver, 1.27 g, 18 mm diameter, die axis 6h

O/ +CRΛTIΛ D-I REX; monogram RDFS (legend beginning at 9h)
R/ +ΛVRELIΛNIS CIVITΛ cross pattée

This monogram is clearly an imitation of the tradition KRLS Charles' one. As often in Orléans' coinage, the I after an L in Avrelianis is in the angle of the L.
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D.268 Lothair (denier, Chalon-sur-Saône)16 viewsLothair, king of the Franks (954-986)
Denier (Chalon-sur-Saône)

Silver, 1.26 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 1h

O/ +LOTARVS.REX; B
R/ +CAVILON.CIVT; cross pattée

The B on the obverse means Bourgogne.

Although Lothair's reign had lasted more than 30 years, his coins are quite scarce. Moreover, they are often hard to distinguish from feudal issues. The types are varied, as well as the spelling of the king's name, depending on the mint. This is an evidence of a lack of central control.
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S.1182 Edward the Confessor (hammer cross penny, York)5 viewsEdward the Confessor, king of England (1042-1066)
Hammer cross penny (moneyer: Thorr, mint: York, 1059-1062)

A/ +EΛDPΛRD-DRE; crowned, bearded bust right, scepter before
R/ +DORR ON EOFRPICE (barred D); hammer cross, annulet in one quarter

silver, 1.40 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 6h



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S.1257 William I the Conqueror (PAXS penny, London)15 viewsWilliam I the Conqueror, king of England (1066-1087)
PAXS penny (moneyer: Alfred, mint: London, 1083-1086?)

A/ +PILLELM RE; crowned bust facing, sceptre to right; clasp on shoulder
R/ +IELFRE ON LVNDN; cross with the letters PAXS in circles in the angles

silver, 1.40 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 6h

This type may have been struck by William II, son of William I.


2 commentsDroger
henry7-souverain.JPG
S.2233 Henry VII Tudor (sovereign type penny, Durham)9 viewsHenry VII Tudor, king of England (1485-1509) and Bishop Richard Fox
Sovereign type penny (mint: Durham)

A/ [hENRIC] DI [GRA RE]X A[NG]; king seated on throne with one pilar, holding scepter and orb
R/ [CIVI-TA]S-DIR-hAm; royal shield on cross, mitre above, D and R on the sides

silver, 0.55 g, diameter 15 mm, die axis 8h
Droger
lg004_quad_sm.jpg
"As de Nîmes" or "crocodile" Ӕ dupondius of Nemausus (9 - 3 BC), honoring Augustus and Agrippa33 viewsIMP DIVI F , Heads of Agrippa (left) and Augustus (right) back to back, Agrippa wearing rostral crown and Augustus the oak-wreath / COL NEM, crocodile right chained to palm-shoot with short dense fronds and tip right; two short palm offshoots left and right below, above on left a wreath with two long ties streaming right.

Ӕ, 24.5 x 3+ mm, 13.23g, die axis 3h; on both sides there are remains of what appears to be gold plating, perhaps it was a votive offering? Rough edges and slight scrapes on flan typical for this kind of coin, due to primitive technology (filing) of flan preparation.

IMPerator DIVI Filius. Mint of COLonia NEMausus (currently Nîmes, France). Known as "As de Nîmes", it is actually a dupontius (lit. "two-pounder") = 2 ases (sometimes cut in halves to get change). Dupondii were often made out of a golden-colored copper alloy (type of brass) "orichalcum" and this appears to be such case.

Key ID points: oak-wreath (microphotography shows that at least one leaf has a complicated shape, although distinguishing oak from laurel is very difficult) – earlier versions have Augustus bareheaded, no PP on obverse as in later versions, no NE ligature, palm with short fronds with tip right (later versions have tip left and sometimes long fronds). Not typical: no clear laurel wreath together with the rostral crown, gold (?) plating (!), both features really baffling.

But still clearly a "middle" kind of the croc dupondius, known as "type III": RIC I 158, RPC I 524, Sear 1730. It is often conservatively dated to 10 BC - 10 AD, but these days it is usually narrowed to 9/8 - 3 BC.

It is a commemorative issue, honoring the victory over Mark Antony and conquest of Egypt in 30 BC. The heads of Augustus and Agrippa were probably positioned to remind familiar obverses of Roman republican coins with two-faced Janus. Palm branch was a common symbol of victory, in this case grown into a tree, like the victories of Augustus and Agrippa grown into the empire. The two offshoots at the bottom may mean two sons of Agrippa, Gaius and Lucius, who were supposed to be Augustus' heirs and were patrons of the colony. Palm may also be a symbol of the local Nemausian deity, which was probably worshiped in a sacred grove. When these coins were minted, the colony was mostly populated by the settled veterans of Augustus' campaigns, hence the reminiscence of the most famous victory, but some of the original Celtic culture probably survived and was assimilated by Romans. The crocodile is not only the symbol of Egypt, like in the famous Octavian's coins AEGYPTO CAPTA. It is also a representation of Mark Antony, powerful and scary both in water and on land, but a bit slow and stupid. The shape of the crocodile with tail up was specifically chosen to remind of the shape of ship on very common "legionary" denarius series, which Mark Antony minted to pay his armies just before Actium. It is probably also related to the popular contemporary caricature of Cleopatra, riding on and simultaneously copulating with a crocodile, holding a palm branch in her hand as if in triumph. There the crocodile also symbolized Mark Antony.

Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa was born c. 64-62 BC somewhere in rural Italy. His family was of humble and plebeian origins, but rich, of equestrian rank. Agrippa was about the same age as Octavian, and the two were educated together and became close friends. He probably first served in Caesar's Spanish campaign of 46–45 BC. Caesar regarded him highly enough to send him with Octavius in 45 BC to train in Illyria. When Octavian returned to Rome after Caesar's assassination, Agrippa became his close lieutenant, performing many tasks. He probably started his political career in 43 BC as a tribune of the people and then a member of the Senate. Then he was one of the leading Octavian's generals, finally becoming THE leading general and admiral in the civil wars of the subsequent years.

In 38 as a governor of Transalpine Gaul Agrippa undertook an expedition to Germania, thus becoming the first Roman general since Julius Caesar to cross the Rhine. During this foray he helped the Germanic tribe of Ubii (who previously allied themselves with Caesar in 55 BC) to resettle on the west bank of the Rhine. A shrine was dedicated there, possibly to Divus Caesar whom Ubii fondly remembered, and the village became known as Ara Ubiorum, "Altar of Ubians". This quickly would become an important Roman settlement. Agrippina the Younger, Agrippa's granddaughter, wife of Emperor Claudius and mother of Emperor Nero, would be born there in 15 AD. In 50 AD she would sponsor this village to be upgraded to a colonia, and it would be renamed Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium (colony of Claudius [at] the Altar of Agrippinians – Ubii renamed themselves as Agrippinians to honor the augusta!), abbreviated as CCAA, later to become the capital of new Roman province, Germania Inferior.

In 37 BC Octavian recalled Agrippa back to Rome and arranged for him to win the consular elections, he desperately needed help in naval warfare with Sextus Pompey, the youngest son of Pompey the Great, who styled himself as the last supporter of the republican cause, but in reality became a pirate king, an irony since his father was the one who virtually exterminated piracy in all the Roman waters. He forced humiliating armistice on the triumvirs in 39 BC and when Octavian renewed the hostilities a year later, defeated him in a decisive naval battle of Messina. New fleet had to be built and trained, and Agrippa was the man for the job. Agrippa's solution was creating a huge secret naval base he called Portus Iulius by connecting together lakes Avernus, Avernus and the natural inner and outer harbors behind Cape Misenum at the northern end of the Gulf of Naples. He also created a larger type of ship and developed a new naval weapon: harpax – a ballista-launched grapnel shot with mechanisms that allowed pulling enemy ships close for easy boarding. It replaced the previous boarding device that Romans used since the First Punic War, corvus – effective, but extremely cumbersome. A later defence against it were scythe blades on long poles for cutting ropes, but since this invention was developed in secret, the enemy had no chance to prepare anything like it. It all has proved extremely effective: in a series of naval engagements Agrippa annihilated the fleet of Sextus, forced him to abandon his bases and run away. For this Agrippa was awarded an unprecedented honour that no Roman before or after him received: a rostral crown, "corona rostrata", a wreath decorated in front by a prow and beak of a ship.

That's why Virgil (Aeneid VIII, 683-684), describing Agrippa at Actium, says: "…belli insigne superbum, tempora navali fulgent rostrata corona." "…the proud military decoration, gleams on his brow the naval rostral crown". Actium, the decisive battle between forces of Octavian and Mark Antony, may appear boring compared to the war with Sextus, but it probably turned out this way due to Agrippa's victories in preliminary naval engagements and taking over all the strategy from Octavian.

In between the wars Agrippa has shown an unusual talent in city planning, not only constructing many new public buildings etc., but also greatly improving Rome's sanitation by doing a complete overhaul of all the aqueducts and sewers. Typically, it was Augustus who later would boast that "he had found the city of brick but left it of marble", forgetting that, just like in his naval successes, it was Agrippa who did most of the work. Agrippa had building programs in other Roman cities as well, a magnificent temple (currently known as Maison Carrée) survives in Nîmes itself, which was probably built by Agrippa.

Later relationship between Augustus and Agrippa seemed colder for a while, Agrippa seemed to even go into "exile", but modern historians agree that it was just a ploy: Augustus wanted others to think that Agrippa was his "rival" while in truth he was keeping a significant army far away from Rome, ready to come to the rescue in case Augustus' political machinations fail. It is confirmed by the fact that later Agrippa was recalled and given authority almost equal to Augustus himself, not to mention that he married Augustus' only biological child. The last years of Agrippa's life were spent governing the eastern provinces, were he won respect even of the Jews. He also restored Crimea to Roman Empire. His last service was starting the conquest of the upper Danube, were later the province of Pannonia would be. He suddenly died of illness in 12 BC, aged ~51.

Agrippa had several children through his three marriages. Through some of his children, Agrippa would become ancestor to many subsequent members of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. He has numerous other legacies.
Yurii P
107-1a-NAC61.jpg
"C" Denarius, Crawford 107/1a - My favorite Coin26 viewsDenomination: Denarius
Era: c. 209-208 BC
Metal: AR
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma r. with splayed visor; “X” behind; Border of dots
Reverse: Dioscuri r.; Above, “C”; in linear frame, “ROMA”.
Mint: Etruia(?)
Weight: 4.44 gm.
Reference: Crawford 107/1a
Provenance: NAC 61; 25-OCT-2011, Privately purchased by RBW from CNG in 1989


Comments: This is one of my favorite coins. It is not high grade, neither the obverse nor the reverse is well centered. The dioscuri are really just blobs, and this coin would be overlooked in any sale but the NAC 61 sale of RBW’s finest and rarest coins, perhaps the greatest Roman Republican auction of our generation. Nevertheless, the coin has a lovely tone and a style that is very characteristic of this issue which is quite rare.

Unique to this variety and the related staff issue, are the braided locks extending from the helmet to the hair binding. The stars are simple dots above the dioscuri, and ROMA is cut into the die with very large letters with a very fine line tool. There has been much speculation on the significance of the “C” insignia, but few with any real merit.
1 commentsSteve B5
2012-07-151.jpg
"Obol" As of Marcus Aurelius117 viewsThis as of Marcus Aurleius with reverse of Providentia holding wand over globe has a layer of thick blue crystals on both sides. Many believe that this kind of patina comes from contact with the dead and such coins are therefore know as "obol" coins from the practice of placing payment for the afterlife in the deceased's mouth. It is not certain if there is any truth to these rumours. When coins, like this one, come from ploughed field contexts it is impossible to determine what their original deposition context was. 2 commentsotlichnik
tiberius_denarius_res_trib.jpg
"Tribute Penny"--TIBERIUS95 views14 - 37 AD
minted 18 - 35 AD
AR Denarius ("Tribute Penny")
O: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG AVGVSTVS; laureate head right
R: PONTIF MAXIM; Livia as Pax, seated right on throne with ornate legs, holding long scepter and olive branch; single line below
Lugdunum mint
RIC 30, RSC 16a
laney
opium weights.jpg
'Opium weights'87 viewsSet of five hintha bird weights (a Brahmani Duck (Hamsa) emblem of the Mon kingdom with duck’s bill, crested comb, bulging eyes, side wings and upturned tail standing with 2 legs and rear post on a tapered hexagonal base with serrated edge). These are sometimes referred to as cock weights or opium weights. The bases are hexagonal - probably from Burma or surrounding The lighest one is 15g and they double up from there

Likely late 18th or early 19th century

-:Bacchus:-
Bacchus
normal_tiberius_denarius_res_trib~0.jpg
(00040a) LIVIA (with Tiberius)34 views(wife of Augustus; mother of Tiberius; grandmother of Claudius)
b. 58 BC - d. 29 AD
minted 18 - 35 AD
AR Denarius ("Tribute Penny")
O: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG AVGVSTVS; laureate head right
R: PONTIF MAXIM; Livia as Pax, seated right on throne with ornate legs, holding long scepter and olive branch; single line below
Lugdunum mint
RIC 30, RSC 16a
laney
trajan_salus_snake_r.jpg
(0098) TRAJAN50 views98 - 117 AD
Struck 104 - 107 AD
AE DUPONDIUJS 26 mm 11.04 g
O: IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PM TR P COS V PP
RAD BUST RIGHT
R: SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI
SALUS ENTHRONED L FEEDING SNAKE FROM PATERA
SC IN EXE.
laney
hadrian_unk_1_res.jpg
(0117) HADRIAN23 views117 - 138 AD
AE 27 mm
O: radiate bust right
R: Moneta standing left, scales in right, cornucopia in left, S-C
laney
a_pius_zeus_nikop_b.jpg
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS26 views138 - 161 AD
AE 30.5 mm; 18.79 g
O: AVT AI ADRIAN - ANTWNEINOC, laureate head r.
R: NEIKOPO - LEITWN / PROC ICTRW, Zeus enthroned l., resting wih l. hand on sceptre and holding with extended r. hand patera over burning altar.
Nikopolis ad Istrum
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2015) 8.6.1.2 var (vs bare head and ICTR)
Rare
laney
a_pius_shewolf_2.jpg
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS31 views138 - 161 AD
Struck 140 - 144 AD
AE Sestertius 31/32 mm, 27.79 g
O: Laureate head right
R: --COS III" She-wolf in cave standing right with head left, suckling the twins Romulus and Remus, S-C in ex
(struck to commemorate 900th year of founding of Rome)
Rome mint ;, RIC III 603b Banti 86. (scarce)
1 commentslaney
commod_perseph_elaea.jpg
(0177) COMMODUS17 views177 - 192 AD
AE 19 mm; 3.77 g
O: ΑV ΚΑΙ ΚοΜΜοΔοС laureate-headed bust of Commodus wearing cuirass and paludamentum, right; countermark of head lower right
R: ƐΛΑΙΤΩΝ draped bust of Demeter or Persephone (with features of Crispina), r., holding poppy and two ears of corn
Aiolis, Elaea; ref. BMC 48, Cop 199
laney
jul_domna_odessa_b.jpg
(0193) JULIA DOMNA24 views(wife of Septimius Severus; mother of emperors Geta and Caracalla)
b. ca. 170, d. 217
struck ca. 193 - 211
AE 21.5 mm 5.16 g
IOVLIA DOMNA C, draped bust right
ODHCEITWN, Demeter, standing right, holding long torch
facing Persephone, standing left, holding two corn ears and torch.
Thrace, Odessos; Varbanov 4358; AMNG 2272.
laney
pertinax_denarius.jpg
(0193) PERTINAX22 views193 AD
AR Denarius
16.9 mm max.; 3.10 g
O: IMP CAES P HELV PERTIN AVG, laureate head right;
R: OPI DIVIN TR P COS II, Ops (plenty) seated left on throne with ornamented back, two stalks of grain in right hand, leaning back on left hand resting on the edge of the seat behind; rare
Rome mint; RIC IV 8a (R2); RSC III 33; BMCRE V p. 4, 19; Hunter III 6; SRCV II 6045
(ex Forum)
laney
sept_odess_ww.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS58 views193 - 211 AD
AE 22 mm 4.62 g
O: AYT K L SEP SEYHROS PERTINA X
Laur bust right
R: ODHSSEITWN
Demeter and Persephone with torches and grain ears
ODESSOS, THRACE
VARBANHOV (B.) 3428 RARE
laney
sept_kybele_res.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS38 views193 - 211 AD
AE 25 mm 9.27 g
O: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind
R: Cybele (Kybele) enthroned left, phiale in right hand, resting left elbow on drum, lions at feet
Markianopolis mint
laney
sept_sev_dionys_res.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS29 views193 - 211 AD
AE 26 mm 9.84 g
O: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from rear
R: Dionysos standing front, head left, with raised left hand on ribboned thyrsos and
pouring from kantharos with right hand;
panther at lower left (?)
Moesia Inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum

laney
septim_kybele_mark.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS43 viewsAE27 mm; 10.4 g
AVK L CEP CECHPOC, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: VP FL OVLPIANOV MARKIANOPOLITWN, Cybele, kalathos on head, holding patera in right hand, resting left elbow on drum and seated left on throne with two uprights, lions beside her to left and right
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis; AMNG 565
d.s.
laney
sept_odess_demeter_perse_xx.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS21 views193 - 211 AD
AE 22 mm 4.62 g
O: AYT K L SEP SEYHROS PERTINA X
Laur bust right
R: ODHSSEITWN
Demeter and Persephone with torches and grain ears
ODESSOS, THRACE
VARBANHOV (B.) 3428 RARE
laney
septimius_kybele_markianop.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS13 views193-211 AD
AE 26 mm max., 9.16 g
O: AVK L CEP CECHPOC, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: VP FL OVLPIANOV MARKIANOPOLITWN, Cybele, kalathos on head, holding patera in right hand, resting left elbow on drum and seated left on throne with two uprights, lions beside her to left and right
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis; AMNG 565
laney
septim_diony_retrograde_leg_b.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS (Retrograde Reverse Legend)25 views193-211 AD
AE 27 mm, 10.41 g
(struck under governor Aurelius Gallus)
O: [AV KL] CEP - CEVHRO[C P] Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
R: VP AVR GALL - OV NIKOPOLIT / PROC I (retrograde, beginning at 5 o'clock, counterclockwise)
Dionysos, nude, wearing boots, standing left, resting with raised left hand on thyrsos, lowered right hand holding kantharos and pouring
wine
ref. a) not in AMNG
obv. AMNG I/1, 1304
rev. legend not in AMNG
AMNG I/1, 1306 (depiction)
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2015) No. 8.14.8.8
d) Blancon list 43, 2003
Nikocopolis ad Istrum; very rare
(one of the rare coins with retrograde legend)
laney
carac_herac_apples.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA27 views198 - 217 AD
struck 201 - 203 AD (under legatus consularis Aurelius Gallus)
AE26 Tetrassarion 25 x 26 mm; 9.92 g
O: AV K M AV ANTΩNINO Laureaet bust of Caracalla draped in paludamentum, right
R: VΠ AV ΓAΛΛOV NIKOΠOΛIT Herakles Farnese standing right, right hand behind back (hides the "Apples of the Hesperides"), resting on club set on rock, ΠPOCI beneath
Moesia Inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum mint; Hristova/Jekov No.8.18.14.6, not listed in AMNG also not listed in Varbanov. Rare

laney
AUGUSTUS_MONEYER_MAECILIVS.jpg
(02) AUGUSTUS36 views27 BC - 14 AD, STRUCK Ca. 7 BC
AE As 28 mm 8.64 g
O:CAESAR AVGVST PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT
BARE HHEAD L
R: M MAECILIVS TVLLVS III VIR AAA FF AROUND LARGE SC
laney
augustus_2.jpg
(02) AUGUSTUS27 views27 BC - 14 AD
struck ca. 6 BC
AE As 27 mm, 6.04 g
O: CAESAR AVGVST PONT MAX TRIBVNIC P-OT, bare hd. r.
R: VOLVSVS VALER MESSAL IIIVIR A A A F F legend around large SC
Moneyer: L. Valerius Messala Volusus
laney
augustus_1.jpg
(02) AUGUSTUS32 views27 BC - 14 AD
struck ca. 7 BC
AE As 27 mm, 6.04 g
O: CAESAR AVGVST PONT MAX TRIBVNEC POT, bare head right.
R: M SALVIVS OTHO III VIR AAA F F around large S C.
cf. RIC 431
Moneyer: M. Salvius Otho
laney
diadum_syria.jpg
(0217) DIADUMENIAN as Caesar39 views217 - 218 AD
AR tetradrachm 24.5 mm max; 11.92 g
O: AVT K M OPEL ANTONEINOC Radiate draped bust of Diadumenian right
R: DMARX CZVPATOC eagle facing, wings spread, head right, lion walking between legs;
Cyrrhestica, Syria; cf Prieur 947; Bellinger 108. Rare
d.s.
laney
macrinus_deult_cerberc.jpg
(0217) MACRINUS43 views217 - 218 AD
AE 25 mm 10.84 g
O: IMP CM OPEL SEV MACRINVS PI Radiate bust right
R: COL FL PAC DEVLT Hades-Serapis seated left, Cerberus at feet on left
Thrace, Deultum
SNG (Bulg.) Ruse 1, Deultum, no. 120, pl. 9 (=Jurukova 46)
(Draganov cites just one die pair, apparently the same as this coin; provincials at Deultum start with Caracalla, so Macrinus is an early issue)
laney
radiate.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS32 views218 - 222 AD
AE 25 mm 9.62 g
O: AV(T?) KM AVR - ANTWNINOC, cuirassed, radiate bust r.
R: VP NOBIOV ROVFOV NIKOPOLITWN PRO (PR ligate) in l. field one below the other C ITRO / N (sic!), Athena stg. l., holding spear in raised l. hand and shield set on ground in r. hand
Nikopolis ad Istrum
AMNG I/1, 1920 (1 ex., Paris); Hristova/Jekov No. 8.26.4.5 corr.
laney
elagabal_artemis_res.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS30 views218-222 AD
AE 26.5 mm, 10.16 g
O: AVT K M AVP ANTONEINOC laureate head right
R: VP NOBIOV POVQOV NIKOPOLITWN POC ICTRON Artemis advancing left holding bow, dog at feet
Nikopolis ad Istrum
Varb. 3977; Moushmov 1378 (full legends; rare)
laney
gordian_serap_mar.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III12 views238-244
AE Pentassarion 28 mm, 8.94 g (Tullius Menophilus, legatus consularis)
O: AVT K M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC / AVΓ. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian and draped bust of Serapis, wearing calathus, facing one another.
R: VΠ MINOΦΙΛOV MAPKIANOΠOΛIT / ΩN. Serapis standing facing, head left, raising hand and holding sceptre; E (mark of value) to left.
MOESIA INFERIOR, Marcianopolis. Cf. Varbanov 2011-2.
laney
phil_ota_eagle~0.jpg
(0244) OTACILIA SEVERA 17 views(wife of Philip I The Arab)
244 - 249 AD
AE 26 mm; 10.45 g
O: Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Philip and draped bust of Otacilia Severa left, wearing stephane, facing one another (confronted)
R: Eagle standing left, head right, with wings displayed, holding wreath in beak.
cf AMNG I 3585; Moushmov 2308; Varbanov 5760
Moesia Inferior, Thrace, Tomis
laney
phil_ota_eagle.jpg
(0244) PHILIP I & OTACILIA SEVERA14 views244 - 249 AD
AE 26 mm; 10.45 g
O: Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Philip and draped bust of Otacilia Severa left, wearing stephane, facing one another (confronted)
R: Eagle standing left, head right, with wings displayed, holding wreath in beak.
cf AMNG I 3585; Moushmov 2308; Varbanov 5760
Moesia Inferior, Thrace, Tomis
laney
philip_thessalonika_table.jpg
(0244) PHILIP I (The Arab)9 views244 - 249 AD
AE 23.5 mm, 8.18 g
Obv: AV K M IOV FILIPPOC, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Rev: QECCALONEIKEWN N PUQIA, Agonistic table surmounted by vase, prize urn containing palm, and five apples.
Thessalonica, Macedonia.
laney
phil_ii_nike.jpg
(0247) PHILIP II15 views247-249 AD
AE 24.4 mm; 11.24 g
O: MAΡ IOYΛI [ΦIΛIΠ]ΠOC (or similar), bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: [ΘECCAΛ]ONIKEΩN NE[ΩK], Nike walking left, holding apples and palm branch, prize urn containing one palm branch at her feet. Thessalonica, Macedonia; cf Varbanov 4738 var
laney
salonina_venus_a_res.jpg
(0253) SALONINA48 views(wife of Gallienus; mother of emperors Valerian II and Saloninus) 253 - 268 AD
struck 287 AD
Billon antoninianus 20.5 mm 3.57 g
Obverse: SALONINA AVG, Diademed, draped bust right, on crescent, hair weaved in rows with long plait up the back of head, under stephane.
Reverse: VENVS AVG, Venus standing left, holding helmet and spear, one arm resting on shield.
PXV in exe
Antioch
Unlisted in Sear, Van Meter #45, RSC #113, RIC 86.
1 commentslaney
valerian.jpg
(0253) VALERIAN28 views253 - 260 AD
AE 20 mm max., 3.79 g
O: IMP CP LIC VALERIANVS PF AVG, Radiate draped bust of Valerian right.
R: VIRTUS AVGG, Valerian I and Gallienus standing, facing each other; emperor on left holding scepter and globe and one on right holding Victory and spear
Antioch mint, RIC 293
laney
valerianb.jpg
(0253) VALERIAN40 views253 - 260 AD
struck 256-258 AD
Billon Antoninianus 20.5 X 23.5 mm, 3.31 g
O: IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS P F AVG - Radiate, draped bust right
R: PIETAS AVGG - Valerian and Gallienus facing each other sacrificing over altar between them, one holding an eagle tipped scepter, the other a parazonium
Uncertain Syrian Mint
Reference SR-9955, RIC V 285
laney
postumus.jpg
(0259) POSTUMUS50 views259 - 268 AD
BILLON ANT. 23 mm 5.43 g
O:IMP C POSTVUVS PF AVG
RAD DR CUIR BUST RIGHT
R: MONETA AVG
MONETA STANDING L HOLDING SCALES AND CORNUCOPIA
laney
cl_goth_fides_1_res.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS22 views268 - 270 AD
Struck 268-269 (11th Officina, Issue IIb)
AE 18.5 mm max., 2.36 g
O:[IMP CLA]VDIVS AVG radiate and cuirassed bust right
R: [FIDE]S EXERCI Fides standing facing, head left, holding two signa, one transverse; XI in right field
Rome mint; RIC Vl 34/6
laney
claudius_ii_fides_2_res.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS23 views268 - 270 AD
Struck 268 - 269, 11th Officina, Issue IIb
AE Antoninianus 18.5 mm 2.36 g
O: [IMP CLA]VDIUS AVG Radiate and cuirassed bust right
R: [FIDE]S EXERCI Fides standing facing, head left, holding two signa, one transverse; XI in right field.
Rome RIC V 34/6
laney
numerian_athena.jpg
(0283) NUMERIAN16 views283 - 284 AD
Billon tetradrachm 19.3 mm max., 7.732 g
O: A K M A NOVMEPIANOC CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind;
R: Athena seated left on high backed throne, wearing crested helmet, Nike in right, shield leaning against throne, L - B* (year 2) across fields
Alexandria mint; Milne 4719; Curtis 1939; Dattari 5608; BMC Alexandria p. 319, 2464 var. (star)
(ex FORUM)
laney
tiberius_denarius_res_c.jpg
(03) TIBERIUS63 views14 - 37 AD
minted 18 - 35 AD
AR Denarius ("Tribute Penny")
O: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG AVGVSTVS; laureate head right
R: PONTIF MAXIM; Livia as Pax, seated right on throne with ornate legs, holding long scepter and olive branch; single line below
Lugdunum mint
RIC 30, RSC 16a
1 commentslaney
tiberius_nero_drusus_resb.jpg
(03) TIBERIUS20 views14 - 37 AD
AE 28.5 mm; 11.46 g
O: His bare head left
R: Confronted heads of Caesars Nero and Drusus
Spain (Hispania Tarraconensis), Carthago Nova mint
cf RPC 179, SNG Cop 500 Scarce
laney
cst_II_glor_smanb_res.jpg
(0317) CONSTANTINE II (as Augustus)40 views317 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 340 AD (as Augustus)
AE 14 mm; 1.60 g
O: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, rosette diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with one standard between them.; SMANB in exe.
Antioch mint
laney
constantine_ii_gloria_SMKS_one_std.jpg
(0317) CONSTANTINE II (as Caesar)24 views317 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 340 AD (as Augustus)
AE 16 mm; 1.90 g
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, Two soldiers standing facing each other;
each holding a spear and resting hand on shield, one
standard between them. SMKS in exe.
Cyzicus Mint; RIC VII Cyzicus 123; Sear 17361
laney
constantine_ii_gloria_cyzi_single_std.jpg
(0317) CONSTANTINE II (as Caesar)20 views317 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 340 AD (as Augustus)
AE 16.8 mm; 1.33 g
O: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with one standard between them with O on banner.
Mintmark: SMKB.
Cyzicus Mint; Ref: RIC VII Cyzicus 125
laney
constans_res.jpg
(0333) CONSTANS27 views333 - 337 (as Caesar)
337 - 350 AD (as Augustus)
AE 14.5 mm 1.71 g
O: Diademed dr cuir bust of Constans r.
R: Two soldiers standing with spears and shields, one standard between them.

laney
GRATIAN_CONC_B_10_08.jpg
(0367) GRATIAN--CONCORDIA41 views367-383 AD
AE 17.5 mm 2.46 g
O: DN GRATIANVS PF AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: CONCORDIA AVGGG, Roma seated facing, head left, on throne, nolding globe and reversed spear
SMAQP in exe
Aquileia
RIC IX 32 (a) Scarce
laney
valentinian_ii_concordia_res.jpg
(0375) VALENTINIAN II--CONCORDIA30 views375 - 392 AD
AE 19 mm 3.22 g
O: D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG - Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: CONCORDIA AVGGG - Roma enthroned facing, head left, holding globe and spear, theta in left field, phi/K in right field
ANTG in exe
Antioch RIC IX 45b
laney
arcadius_concordia.jpg
(0383) ARCADIUS10 views383 - 408 AD
struck 401-403 AD
AE 16 mm, 2.71 g
O: DN ARCADIVS PF AVG, diademed, helmeted and cuirassed bust of Arcadius facing, holding spear and a shield decorated with a cross.
R: CONCORDIA AVGG, Constantinopolis enthroned facing, head turned right, holding a scepter and Victory on a globe, right foot resting on a prow; ANTΓ in exergue.
Antiochia mint
laney
caligula_pegasos_corinthc.jpg
(04) CALIGULA23 views37-41 AD.
Struck 37-38 AD
AE21 (6.69 g)
Obv. C CAESAR AVG, Bare head to right.
Rev. P VIPSANIO AGRIPPA IIV CO, Pegasus flying to right.
Achaea, Corinth. RPC 1172; BCD Korinth 402.
laney
justin_ii_sophia_follis.jpg
(0565) JUSTIN II45 views565 - 578 AD
AE FOLLIS 31.5 mm 14.06 g
O: JUSTIN II & Empress Sophia seated facing on double throne Year 8, Off. B - SEAR 369
Rev. Large M between ANNO and regnal year 8 ( G / II ) ; above, cross; B Below ; NIKO in exe.
NIKOMEDIA
Ref.: Sear 369
laney
justin_sophia_10_03~0.jpg
(0565) JUSTIN II 31 views565 - 578 AD
AE 20 Nummi 23 mm max. 6.34.g
O: DN IVSTI NVSPPAV. Justin, holding globus cruciger, and Sophia, holding cruciform scepter, seated facing on double throne, both nimbate
R: Large K, between ANNO and XI; above, + over ΘC; TES in exe
Thessalonica
laney
cm_standing_figure_comb.jpg
(06) NERO--COUNTERMARKED49 views54 - 68 AD
AE 19 mm 3.02 g
Phrygia, Akmoneia (probably L. Servenius Capito and his wife Iulia Severa. Struck circa 65 AD).
O: draped bust right; countermark: Asklepios holding snake-encircled staff
R: Zeus seated left, holding patera and sceptre
cf SNG von Aulock 3375 (same countermark).
laney
byz_one_bkk.jpg
(0602) PHOCAS14 views602-610.
Struck 603-610, 5th officina
Æ Half Follis 25 mm, 5.63 g
O: Crowned facing bust, wearing consular robes, holding mappa and cross
R: Large XX; star above; CONЄ
Constantinople mint DOC 37e; SB 644.
laney
galba_antioch.jpg
(07) GALBA19 views68-69 AD
AE22 (7.16 g), Antioch, Syria.
Obv. IMP SER GALBA CAE AVG, Laureate head to right.
Rev. S C within large wreath.
Antioch, Syria. McAlee 314 (same dies); RPC I 4315var (obv. legend)
From the Richard McAlee Collection
Rare, only the second known to McAlee. Very fine.

laney
otho_den_securitas.jpg
(08) OTHO24 views69 AD.
AR Denarius (17-18 mm, 3.15 g)
Obv: IMP M OTHO CAESAR AVG TR P, Bare head to right.
Rev. SECVRITAS P R Securitas standing left, holding wreath and scepter.
Rome mint, RIC 8; BMC 17.
laney
vitellius_denarius_res.jpg
(09) VITELLIUS33 views69 AD
3.110g, maximum diameter 18.8mm
O: A VITELLIVS GERMANICVS IMP, bare head right
R: CONCOR-DIA P R, Concordia enthroned left, patera in right, cornucopia in left
Rome mint; RIC I 66, RSC II 21, BMCRE I 1, BnF III 3 (Scarce)
(ex-Forum)
1 commentslaney
vespasian_denarius_res.jpg
(10) VESPASIAN32 views69 - 79 AD
AR Denarius 19 mm, 3.1 g
O: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG Laureate bust of Vespasian right
R: PON MAX TR P COS V Vespasian enthroned right, holding scepter and branch
Rome mint
RIC 76; Sear 2300
laney
man_ii_comn_trachy.jpg
(1143) MANUEL I COMNENUS34 views 1143-1180 AD
Billon Aspron Trachy 28 mm 3.39 g
Obv. Christ seated facing on throne without back
Rev. The Virgin, nimbate (on right) standing, crowing Manuel, standing facing
laney
DOMITIAN_MONETA_RES.jpg
(12) DOMITIAN32 views81 - 86 AD
Struck 85 AD
AE As 28.5 mm 8.81 g
O: IMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG GERM COS XI Laureate head right
R: MONETA AVGVST--S-C Moneta standing left holding scales and cornucopiae
laney
Janus119BCCrawford281_1.jpg
(500a) Roman Republic, 119 BC, M. Furius Philius - Furia 1881 viewsRoman Republic, 119 BC, M. Furius Philius - Furia 18. Crawford 281/1, Sydenham 529; 19mm, 3.23 grams. aVF, Rome; Obverse: laureate head of Janus, M FORVRI L F around; Reverse: Roma standing left erecting trophy, Galic arms around, PHLI in exergue. Ex Ephesus Numismatics.

Gauis Marius
As a novus homo, or new man, Marius found the rise in the Roman cursus honorum ( "course of honours"-- the sequential order of public offices held by aspiring politicians in the Roman Republic) a daunting challenge. It is certain that he used his old family client contacts and his military relations as a source of support. Among these contacts were the powerful Metelli family, and their early support was to prove to be a disaster for them. Just a few short years after his service as Quaestor, Marius was elected Tribune of the Plebes in 119 BC. In this position so soon after the political turmoil and murder of the Gracchi brothers (Gaius murdered 123 BC), Marius chose to follow the populares path, making a name for himself under similar auspices. As Tribune, he would ensure the animosity of the conservative faction of the Senate, and the Metelli, by passing popular laws forbidding the inspection of ballot boxes. In do doing, he directly opposed the powerful elite, who used ballot inspection as a way to intimidate voters in the citizen assembly elections.

Marius would go on to be elected Consul seven times and figure prominantly in the civil unrest of the early eighties as Lucius Cornelius Sulla's opponent. In 88 BC, Sulla had been elected Consul. There was now a choice before the Senate about which general to send to Asia (a potentially lucrative command): either Marius or Sulla. The Senate chose Sulla, but soon the Assembly appointed Marius. In this unsavory episode of low politics, Marius had been helped by the unscrupulous actions of Publius Sulpicius Rufus, whose debts Marius had promised to erase. Sulla refused to acknowledge the validity of the Assembly's action.

Sulla left Rome and traveled to "his"army waiting in Nola, the army the Senate had asked him to lead to Asia. Sulla urged his legions to defy the Assembly's orders and accept him as their rightful leader. Sulla was successful, and the legions murdered the representatives from the Assembly. Sulla then commanded six legions to march with him opon Rome and institute a civil war.

This was a momentous event, and was unforeseen by Marius, as no Roman army had ever marched upon Rome—it was forbidden by law and ancient tradition.

Sulla was to eventually rule Rome as Dictator. In his book Rubicon, historian Tom Holland argues that Sulla's actions had no lasting negative effect upon the health of the Republic, that Sulla was at heart a Republican. However, once a Roman general has defied Republican tradition, once a Roman general has used his command to combat fellow Romans, once a Roman general has set-up himself as Dictator--it follows that the decision to replicate these decsions (think: Caesar and Rubicon) is that much more easiely taken.

J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.





Cleisthenes
P.Licinius Nerva voting.jpg
(500a113) Roman Republic, P. Licinius Nerva, 113-112 B.C.86 viewsROMAN REPUBLIC: P. Licinius Nerva. AR denarius (3.93 gm). Rome, ca. 113-112 BC. Helmeted bust of Roma left, holding spear over right shoulder and shield on left arm, crescent above, * before, ROMA behind / P. NERVA, voting scene showing two citizens casting their ballots in the Comitium, one receiving a ballot from an attendant, the other dropping his ballot into a vessel at right. Crawford 292/1. RSC Licinia 7. RCTV 169. Nearly very fine. Ex Freeman and Sear.

Here is a denarius whose reverse device is one that celebrates the privilege and responsibility that is the foundation of a democratic society; it is a forerunner to the L. Cassius Longinus denarius of 63 B.C. Granted, humanity had a long road ahead toward egalitarianism when this coin was struck, but isn't it an interesting testimony to civil liberty's heritage? "The voter on the left (reverse) receives his voting tablet from an election officer. Horizontal lines in the background indicate the barrier separating every voting division from the others. Both voters go across narrow raised walks (pontes); this is intended to ensure that the voter is seen to cast his vote without influence" (Meier, Christian. Caesar: A Biography. Berlin: Severin and Siedler, 1982. Plate 12). This significant coin precedes the Longinus denarius by 50 years.

J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
2 commentsCleisthenes
Denarius91BC.jpg
(501i) Roman Republic, D. Junius L.f. Silanus, 91 B.C.58 viewsSilver denarius, Syd 646a, RSC Junia 16, S 225 var, Cr 337/3 var, VF, 3.718g, 18.6mm, 0o, Rome mint, 91 B.C.; obverse head of Roma right in winged helmet, X (control letter) behind; reverse Victory in a biga right holding reins in both hands, V (control numeral) above, D•SILANVS / ROMA in ex; mint luster in recesses. Ex FORVM.

Although the coin itself does not commemorate the event, the date this coin was struck is historically significant.

MARCUS Livius DRUSUS (his father was the colleague of Gaius Gracchus in the tribuneship, 122 B.C.), became tribune of the people in 91 B.C. He was a thoroughgoing conservative, wealthy and generous, and a man of high integrity. With some of the more intelligent members of his party (such as Marcus Scaurus and L. Licinius Crassus the orator) he recognized the need of reform. At that time an agitation was going on for the transfer of the judicial functions from the equites to the senate; Drusus proposed as a compromise a measure which restored to the senate the office of judices, while its numbers were doubled by the admission of 300 equites. Further, a special commission was to be appointed to try and sentence all judices guilty of taking bribes.

The senate was hesitant; and the equites, whose occupation was threatened, offered the most violent opposition. In order, therefore, to catch the popular votes, Drusus proposed the establishment of colonies in Italy and Sicily, and an increased distribution of corn at a reduced rate. By help of these riders the bill was carried.

Drusus now sought a closer alliance with the Italians, promising them the long coveted boon of the Roman franchise. The senate broke out into open opposition. His laws were abrogated as informal, and each party armed its adherents for the civil struggle which was now inevitable. Drusus was stabbed one evening as he was returning home. His assassin was never discovered (http://62.1911encyclopedia.org/D/DR/DRUSUS_MARCUS_LIVIUS.htm).

The ensuing "Social War" (91-88 B.C.) would set the stage for the "Civil Wars" (88-87 & 82-81 B.C.) featuring, notably, Marius & Sulla; two men who would make significant impressions on the mind of a young Julius Caesar. Caesar would cross the Rubicon not thirty years later.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
LPisoFrugiDenarius_S235.jpg
(502a) Roman Republic, L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi, 90 B.C.157 viewsSilver denarius, S 235, Calpurnia 11, Crawford 340/1, Syd 663a, VF, rainbow toning, Rome mint, 3.772g, 18.5mm, 180o, 90 B.C. obverse: laureate head of Apollo right, scorpion behind; Reverse naked horseman galloping right holding palm, L PISO FRVGI and control number CXI below; ex-CNA XV 6/5/91, #443. Ex FORVM.


A portion of the following text is a passage taken from the excellent article “The Calpurnii and Roman Family History: An Analysis of the Piso Frugi Coin in the Joel Handshu Collection at the College of Charleston,” by Chance W. Cook:

In the Roman world, particularly prior to the inception of the principate, moneyers were allotted a high degree of latitude to mint their coins as they saw fit. The tres viri monetales, the three men in charge of minting coins, who served one-year terms, often emblazoned their coins with an incredible variety of images and inscriptions reflecting the grandeur, history, and religion of Rome. Yet also prominent are references to personal or familial accomplishments; in this manner coins were also a means by which the tres viri monetales could honor their forbearers. Most obvious from an analysis of the Piso Frugi denarius is the respect and admiration that Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi, who minted the coin, had for his ancestors. For the images he selected for his dies relate directly to the lofty deeds performed by his Calpurnii forbearers in the century prior to his term as moneyer. The Calpurnii were present at many of the watershed events in the late Republic and had long distinguished themselves in serving the state, becoming an influential and well-respected family whose defense of traditional Roman values cannot be doubted.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi, who was moneyer in 90 B.C., depicted Apollo on the obverse and the galloping horseman on the reverse, as does his son Gaius. However, all of L. Piso Frugi’s coins have lettering similar to “L-PISO-FRVGI” on the reverse, quite disparate from his son Gaius’ derivations of “C-PISO-L-F-FRV.”

Moreover, C. Piso Frugi coins are noted as possessing “superior workmanship” to those produced by L. Piso Frugi.

The Frugi cognomen, which became hereditary, was first given to L. Calpurnius Piso, consul in 133 B.C., for his integrity and overall moral virtue. Cicero is noted as saying that frugal men possessed the three cardinal Stoic virtues of bravery, justice, and wisdom; indeed in the Thesaurus Linguae Latinae, a synonym of frugalitas is bonus, generically meaning “good” but also implying virtuous behavior. Gary Forsythe notes that Cicero would sometimes invoke L. Calpurnius Piso’s name at the beginning of speeches as “a paragon of moral rectitude” for his audience.

L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi’s inclusion of the laureled head of Apollo, essentially the same obverse die used by his son Gaius (c. 67 B.C.), was due to his family’s important role in the establishment of the Ludi Apollinares, the Games of Apollo, which were first instituted in 212 B.C. at the height of Hannibal’s invasion of Italy during the Second Punic War. By that time, Hannibal had crushed Roman armies at Cannae, seized Tarentum and was invading Campania.

Games had been used throughout Roman history as a means of allaying the fears
of the populace and distracting them from issues at hand; the Ludi Apollinares were no different. Forsythe follows the traditional interpretation that in 211 B.C., when C. Calpurnius Piso was praetor, he became the chief magistrate in Rome while both consuls were absent and the three other praetors were sent on military expeditions against Hannibal.

At this juncture, he put forth a motion in the Senate to make the Ludi Apollinares a yearly event, which was passed; the Ludi Apollinares did indeed become an important festival, eventually spanning eight days in the later Republic. However, this interpretation is debatable; H.H. Scullard suggests that the games were not made permanent until 208 B.C. after a severe plague prompted the Senate to make them a fixture on the calendar. The Senators believed Apollo would serve as a “healing god” for the people of Rome.

Nonetheless, the Calpurnii obviously believed their ancestor had played an integral role in the establishment of the Ludi Apollinares and thus prominently displayed
the head or bust of Apollo on the obverse of the coins they minted.

The meaning of the galloping horseman found on the reverse of the L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi coin is more complicated. It is possible that this is yet another reference to the Ludi Apollinares. Chariot races in the Circus Maximus were a major component of the games, along with animal hunts and theatrical performances.

A more intriguing possibility is that the horseman is a reference to C. Calpurnius Piso, son of the Calpurnius Piso who is said to have founded the Ludi Apollinares. This C. Calpurnius Piso was given a military command in 186 B.C. to quell a revolt in Spain. He was victorious, restoring order to the province and also gaining significant wealth in the process.

Upon his return to Rome in 184, he was granted a triumph by the Senate and eventually erected an arch on the Capitoline Hill celebrating his victory. Of course
the arch prominently displayed the Calpurnius name. Piso, however, was not an infantry commander; he led the cavalry.

The difficulty in accepting C. Calpurnius Piso’s victory in Spain as the impetus for the galloping horseman image is that not all of C. Piso Frugi’s coins depict the horseman or cavalryman carrying the palm, which is a symbol of victory. One is inclined to believe that the victory palm would be prominent in all of the coins minted by C. Piso Frugi (the son of L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi) if it indeed signified the great triumph of C. Calpurnius Piso in 186 B.C. Yet the palm’s appearance is clearly not a direct reference to military feats of C. Piso Frugi’s day. As noted, it is accepted that his coins were minted in 67 B.C.; in that year, the major victory by Roman forces was Pompey’s swift defeat of the pirates throughout the Mediterranean.

Chrestomathy: Annual Review of Undergraduate Research at the College of Charleston. Volume 1, 2002: pp. 1-10© 2002 by the College of Charleston, Charleston SC 29424, USA.All rights to be retained by the author.
http://www.cofc.edu/chrestomathy/vol1/cook.pdf


There are six (debatably seven) prominent Romans who have been known to posterity as Lucius Calpurnius Piso:

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi: (d. 261 A.D.) a Roman usurper, whose existence is
questionable, based on the unreliable Historia Augusta.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Licinianus: deputy Roman Emperor, 10 January 69 to15 January
69, appointed by Galba.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso: Consul in 27 A.D.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso: Consul in 1 B.C., augur

Lucius Calpurnius Piso: Consul in 15 B.C., pontifex

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus: Consul in 58 B.C. (the uncle of Julius Caesar)

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi: Moneyer in 90 B.C. (our man)


All but one (or two--if you believe in the existence of "Frugi the usurper" ca. 261 A.D.) of these gentlemen lack the Frugi cognomen, indicating they are not from the same direct lineage as our moneyer, though all are Calpurnii.

Calpurnius Piso Frugi's massive issue was intended to support the war against the Marsic Confederation. The type has numerous variations and control marks.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucius_Calpurnius_Piso
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/catalog/indexfrm.asp?vpar=55&pos=0

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.


2 commentsCleisthenes
CnCorneliusLentulusMarcellinusARDenariusSear323.jpg
(503f) Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus Silver Denarius87 viewsCn. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus Silver Denarius, Sear-323, Cr-393/1a, Syd-752, RSC-Cornelia 54, struck 76-75 BC at Spanish Mint, 3.94 grams, 18 mm. EF. Obverse: GPR above Diademed, draped and bearded bust of the Genius of the Roman People facing right, sceptre over shoulder; Reverse: EX in left field, SC in right field; CN LEN Q in exergue, Sceptre with wreath, terrestrial globe and rudder. An exceptional example that is especially well centered and struck on a slightly larger flan than normally encountered with fully lustrous surfaces and a most attractive irridescent antique toning. Held back from the Superb EF/FDC by a small banker's mark in the right obverse field, but still worthy of the finest collection of Roman Republican denarii. Ex Glenn Woods.

Re: CORNELIA 54:

“Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus may be the same moneyer whose issues have been already described (no.s 702-704). Mommsen suggested that these coins were struck in 74 B.C. as a special issue, authorized by the Senate, to defray the cost of armaments against Mithridates of Pontus and the Mediterranean pirates. But Grueber’s view that they were struck in 76 B.C. by Cn. Cornelius Lentulus acting in the capacity of quaestor of Pompey, seems more in accordance with the evidence of finds" (see: G. ii, p. 359n and The Coinage of the Roman Republic, by Edward A. Sydenham, 1976, pgs. 1).

H. A. Seaby shows the coin with the smaller head (Roman Silver Coins Vol. I, Republic to Augustus pg. 33) while David R Sear shows a coin sporting a larger version (Roman Coins and Their Values, pg. 132).

“Cn. Lentulus strikes in Spain in his capacity as quaestor to the proconsul Pompey, who had been sent to the peninsula to assist Q. Caecillus Metellus Piusagainst sertorius”(Roman Coins and Their Values, by David Sear, Vol.1, 2000, pg. 132).

This is not an imperatorial minted coin for Pompey. At the time these coins were minted the Procounsel Pompey was sent to Spain to aid in the war against Sertorius. The moneyer Cn Lentulus served as his Quaestor where he continued to mint coins for Rome.

CN = Cneaus; LEN = Lentulus

Cneaus was his first name. His last, or family name is Lentulus and this clan is a lesser clan within the Cornelii, which is what his middle name of Cornelius implies.

Q = This tells us that he was a Quaestor, or Roman magistrate with judicial powers at the time when the coin was issued, with the responsibility for the treasury. Had this been a position that he once held it would be noted on the coin as PROQ or pro [past] Questor.

For Further Reading on the Cornelia 54 & 55:

Coins of the Roman Republic in the British Museum, by H. A. Grueber. London, 1910, Vol. II, pgs. 358, 359, 52, 57

Roman Silver Coins Vol. I, Republic to Augustus, by H.A.Seaby 1952, pgs. 32-33

The Coinage of the Roman Republic, by Edward A. Sydenham, 1976, pgs. 122, 241

Roman Coins and Their Values, by David Sear, Vol.1, 2000, pg. 132, 133

Roman Republican Coinage Volume I by Michael H. Crawford 2001, pg. 407

by Jerry Edward Cornelius, April 2006, THE 81 ROMAN COINS OF THE CORNELIA
http://www.cornelius93.com/Cornelia54.html
1 commentsCleisthenes
LonginusDenarius.jpg
(504c) Roman Republic, L. Cassius Longinus, 63 B.C.68 viewsSilver denarius, Crawford 413/1, RSC I Cassia 10, SRCV I 364, aVF, struck with worn dies, Rome mint, weight 3.867g, maximum diameter 20.3mm, die axis 0o, c. 63 B.C. Obverse: veiled bust of Vesta left, kylix behind, L before; Reverse: LONGIN III V, voter standing left, dropping tablet inscribed V into a cista.

The reverse of this Longinus denarius captures a fascinating moment when a Roman citizen casts his ballot. "The abbreviation III V [ir] indentifies Longinus as one of the three annually appointed mintmasters (officially called tres viri aere argento auro flando feriundo). A citizen is seen casting his vote into the urn. On the ballot is the letter 'U', short for uti rogas, a conventional formula indicating assent to a motion. The picture alludes to the law, requested by an ancestor of the mintmaster, which introduced the secret ballot in most proceedings of the popular court" (Meier, Christian. Caesar, a Biography. Berlin: Severin and Siedler, 1982. Plate 6).

The date that this denarius was struck possesses unique significance for another reason. Marcus Tullius Cicero (politician, philosopher, orator, humanist) was elected consul for the year 63 BC -- the first man elected consul who had no consular ancestors in more than 30 years. A "new man," Cicero was not the descendant of a "patrician" family, nor was his family wealthy (although Cicero married "well"). Cicero literally made himself the man he was by the power of the words he spoke and the way in which he spoke them. A witness to and major player during the decline of the Roman Republic, Cicero was murdered in 43 BC by thugs working for Marc Antony. But Cicero proved impossible to efface.

Cicero's words became part of the bed rock of later Roman education. As Peter Heather notes, every educated young man in the late Roman Empire studied "a small number of literary texts under the guidance of an expert in language and literary interpretation, the grammarian. This occupied the individual for seven or more years from about the age of eight, and concentrated on just four authors: Vergil, Cicero, Sallust and Terence" (Heather, Peter. The Fall of the Roman Empire: A New History of Rome and the Barbarians. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006. 17).


Plutarch: Cicero's Death

But in the meantime the assassins were come with a band of soldiers, Herennius, a centurion, and Popillius, a tribune, whom Cicero had formerly defended when prosecuted for the murder of his father. Finding the doors shut, they broke them open, and Cicero not appearing, and those within saying they knew not where he was, it is stated that a youth, who had been educated by Cicero in the liberal arts and sciences, an emancipated slave of his brother Quintus, Philologus by name, informed the tribune that the litter was on its way to the sea through the close and shady walks. The tribune, taking a few with him, ran to the place where he was to come out. And Cicero, perceiving Herennius running in the walks, commanded his servants to set down the litter; and stroking his chin, as he used to do, with his left hand, he looked steadfastly upon his murderers, his person covered with dust, his beard and hair untrimmed, and his face worn with his troubles. So that the greatest part of those that stood by covered their faces whilst Herennius slew him. And thus was he murdered, stretching forth his neck out of the litter, being now in his sixty-fourth year. Herennius cut off his head, and, by Antony's command, his hands also, by which his Philippics were written; for so Cicero styled those orations he wrote against Antony, and so they are called to this day.

When these members of Cicero were brought to Rome, Antony was holding an assembly for the choice of public officers; and when he heard it, and saw them, he cried out, "Now let there be an end of our proscriptions." He commanded his head and hands to be fastened up over the rostra, where the orators spoke; a sight which the Roman people shuddered to behold, and they believed they saw there, not the face of Cicero, but the image of Antony's own soul. And yet amidst these actions he did justice in one thing, by delivering up Philologus to Pomponia, the wife of Quintus; who, having got his body into her power, besides other grievous punishments, made him cut off his own flesh by pieces, and roast and eat it; for so some writers have related. But Tiro, Cicero's emancipated slave, has not so much as mentioned the treachery of Philologus.

Translation by John Dryden: http://intranet.grundel.nl/thinkquest/moord_cicero_plu.html

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
2Pdwc7jEspK64DozHPy5Q3RmZFg8a9.jpg
(610-641) Heraclius [Sear 811]10 viewsHeraclius 610-641 AD
AE Follis (4.71 gm ; 22 mm)
Constantinople Mint
Obv: No Legend. Heraclius (center)� in military dress with long beard and mustache, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, all standing facing.
Rev: Large M between ANNO and numeric regnal year,� B (officina 2)� below; CONE in exergue
Ségusiaves
rjb_lon4_07_09.jpg
(VII) 1014 viewsConstantine I
IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
SOLI INVICTO COMITI
Sol standing left
S/F//PLN
RIC (VII) 10; Toone 15
mauseus
rjb_lon5_07_09.jpg
(VII) 159 viewsConstantine I
CONSTANTINVS P AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
SOLI INVICTO COMITI
Sol standing left
S/F//PLN
RIC (VII) 15; Toone 21
mauseus
rjb_lon1_07_09.jpg
(VII) 239 viewsLicinius I
IMP LICINIVS PF AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
GENIO POP ROM
Genius standing left
S/F//MLL
RIC (VII) 23; Toone 30
mauseus
Tarsoscilicia.jpg
*CILICIA, Tarsos. Æ24 San- and Phili-, magistrates. Tyche enthroned/Zeus Nikephoros40 viewsCILICIA, Tarsos. 164-27 BC. Æ24 San- and Phili-, magistrates. Tyche, turreted and veiled, holding grain ears in extended right hand, seated right on throne, right foot on the shoulder of the river god Orontes, who swims right below / TARSEWN, Zeus Nikephoros seated left; SAN/FILI in two lines to left. Cf. SNG France 1374; SNG Levante 979-80 var. (magistrates); SNG Copenhagen -; SNG von Aulock -; BMC -. ancientone
IMITATIVE OTTOMAN.jpg
*IMITATION OTTOMAN Cedid Mahmudiye968 viewsThis piece came in a bag of modern Foreign coins - 21 pounds! May be gold inside!!!
The dating did not seem right to me! From the experts at Zeno, I found a similar issue..... This attribution from Zeno:
Imitation of gold cedid mahmudiye (KM, Turkey #645) with distorted inscriptions and fantasy regnal year 78. Made for jewelry purposes throughout the 19th and early 20th century, very likely outside Turkey: similar imitations are met in abundance in South Russia and Ukraine, along the shores of Black and Azov seas, where they were widely used for adorning Gypsy and native Greek women's garments.

So, as you see, it is not exactly a FAKE or a COUNTERFEIT - it is an IMITATION, so the makers could not get into trouble. The regnal years alone would show that the coin was not "real" -

An interesting piece that may turn up from time to time!
dpaul7
Thracian_Chersonese_Hemidrachm.jpg
*SOLD*48 viewsGreek Thracian – Chersonese/Cherronesos AR Hemidrachm

Attribution: SNG Cop 833
Date: 400-350 BC
Obverse: Forepart of lion w/ head reverted and gaping mouth
Reverse: Quadripartite incuse square; alternating depressions w/pentagram and pellet in one & pellet in other
Size: 12 mm
Weight: 2.5 grams
1 commentsNoah
Domitian_1.jpg
*SOLD*22 viewsDomitian AE As

Attribution: RIC 546, Cohen 329
Date: AD 87
Obverse: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XIII CENS PER P P, laureate bust r.
Reverse: MONETA AVGVST SC, Moneta stg. l. with scales & cornucopia
Size: 26 mm
Noah
Greek_Cherronesos.jpg
*SOLD*18 viewsGreek Thracian – Chersonese/Cherronesos AR Hemidrachm

Attribution: Weber 2419, 2434; McClean 4079, BMC 11
Date: 400-350 BC
Obverse: Forepart of lion w/ head reverted and gaping mouth
Reverse: Quadripartite incuse square, alternating depressions with pellet in one and
bunch of grapes in the other
Size: 14 mm
ex-Forvm
Noah
Roman_Gilded.jpg
*SOLD*21 viewsRoman Decorative Artifacts

Date: circa 1st-3rd centuries AD
Description: These decorative pieces still retain much of their original "bling." Two possess their original gilding and one has some enameled glass intact. They were brooches, aesthetic mounts, or some other form of adornment. All-in-all, they would have been prized pieces.
Noah
septsevAnchialus.jpg
*Thrace, Anchialus. Septimius Severus. 29 viewsAD 193-211. Æ 19mm. Laureate head right / Kybele seated left, resting elbow on drum; lions seated to either side of throne. AMNG II 496; SNG Copenhagen 437.1 commentsancientone
AugI425.jpg
- 27 BC-14 AD - Augustus - RIC I 425 - Cornucopia and Altar Quadrans64 viewsEmperor: Augustus (r. 27 BC - 14 AD)
Date: 8 BC
Condition: VF
Denomination: Quadrans

Obverse: PVLCHER TAVRVS REGVLVS
Pulcher Taurus Regulus (moneyer)
S - C to left and right of cornucopia

Reverse: IIIVIR AAAFF round garlanded altar
The Three Men for Striking and Casting Gold, Silver and Bronze.

Rome mint
RIC I Augustus 425
3.14g; 18.2mm; 15°
Pep
Lysimachia.jpg
-Chersonesus Thraciae, Lysimachia. AE24 Artemis29 viewsLysimachia, the Thracian Chersonese.
Obv: Bust of young Herakles wearing lion skin
Rev: (ΛΥΣΙΜΑ) - ΧΕΩΝ Artemis r., clad in short chiton, holding with both hands two long torches; behind shoulder, top of bow and quiver.
BMC 2. Mushmov 5512
ancientone
Denario_P_Servili_Rulli_Sear207_1_Fourree.jpg
-R-07-01 – P.SERVILIUS M.F. RULLUS (100 A.C.)55 viewsFALSIFICACIÓN ANCIANA,
Denario Forrado 18 mm 3.1 gr

Anv: Busto de Minerva a izquierda, vistiendo yelmo corintio con penacho y aegis – ”RVLLI” detrás.
Rev: Victoria montada en una viga, encabritados sus caballos, a derecha, portando hoja de palma en mano izquierda, "P” debajo (esta P=público parece ser la última forma de abreviar EX ARGENTO PVBLICO y estaría marcando que esta moneda estaba acuñada en plata retirada de la Tesorería Pública y por consiguiente era una emisión especial). ”P SERVILI M F” en el exergo.

Ceca: No Oficial
Referencias: Sear RCTV Vol.1 #207 Pag.112 - Craw RRC #328/1 - Syd CRR #601 - BMCRR #1672 - RSC Vol.1 Servilia 14 Pag.88
mdelvalle
Denario_M_Aquillius_Sear_336_1_Fourree.jpg
-R-19-01 – Mn. AQUILLIUS Mn.f.Mn.n. (71 A.C.)29 viewsFALSIFICACIÓN ANCIANA,
Denario Aserrado/dentado Forrado 19x17 mm 3.1 gr

Anv: Busto vestido y con yelmo de Virtus, viendo a derecha – ”VIRTVS” adelante y ”III VIR” detrás.
Es la primer aparición en la amonedación del título de Triunviro de un Monetario.
Rev: Guerrero (Mn. Aquillius, Cónsul en el 101 A.C.) de pié de frente, viendo a la derecha, portando un escudo y levantando la figura de Sicilia que está caída hacia la izquierda., "MN AQVIL” (MN en monograma),en campo derecho, "MN F MN N” (ambas MN en monograma),en campo izquierdo y ”SICIL” en el exergo.

Este denario refiere a los éxitos en Sicilia de Man. Aquillius (Cónsul en el 101 A.C.) y el excepcional valor demostrado por Este durante toda la guerra.

Ceca: Roma
Referencias: Sear RCTV Vol.1 #336 Pag.135 - Craw RRC #401/1 - Syd CRR #798 - BMCRR #3364-9 - RSC Vol.1 Aquillia 2 Pag.16
mdelvalle
ZeugInHandSideSmaller.jpg
...and another shot of the Carthaginian crusher63 viewsLooks a lot like a Reese's Peanut Butter Cup, doesn't it?

YUM!

ZEUGITANA, Carthage. 15 shekel.
AE45, 95.4g
circa 200 BC
Obverse: head of Tanit
Reverse: horse standing right, left foreleg up; above, radiate disc flanked by uraei

I don't have a reference book and the only other picture of one I've found is on the magnagraecia.nl site. Their list indicates four specimens known to them. Don't know if this is one of the four.
TIF
caracalla_tets_syro-phoenician_obv_DSC07297_75%.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria. Tetradrachmai, Syro - Phoenician.7 views4x Caracalla Tets, the one on the bottom row is from Tyre, Phoenicia, and has an interesting Frontal, cuirassed bust, that I have never seen before on a Tyre tet.
---
With a USA Quarter (25 cent piece) on the bottom right, for size comparison.
rexesq
caracalla_tets_syro-phoenician_rev_DSC0790_65%.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria. Tetradrachmai, Syro - Phoenician.8 views4x Caracalla Tets, the one on the bottom row is from Tyre, Phoenicia, and has an interesting Frontal, cuirassed bust, that I have never seen before on a Tyre tet.
---
With a USA Quarter (25 cent piece) in the center for size comparison.
rexesq
caracalla_tets_syro-phoenician_obv_DSC0783_60%.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria. Tetradrachmai, Syro - Phoenician.10 views4x Caracalla Tets, the one on the bottom row is from Tyre, Phoenicia, and has an interesting Frontal, cuirassed bust, that I have never seen before on a Tyre tet.
---
With a USA Quarter (25 cent piece) in the center for size comparison.
rexesq
Macrinus_4drachm_beroea-syria_rev_02.JPG
0 - Macrinus Tetradrachm - Beroea Mint, Syria19 viewsRoman Empire, Syro-Phoenician 4 Drachm.
SYRIA, Cyrrhestica. Beroea.
Emperor Macrinus (217-218 AD). Silver Tetradrachm.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing facing holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left; Palm leaf in upper left field.
Winged Animal (Possibly a Phoenix) between eagle's legs; 'B-E' flanking either side, one letter under each one of the eagle's feet.

14.4 Grams
27 / 26.5 mm
---
Reverse.
1 commentsrexesq
Macrinus_4drachm_beroea-syria_rev_07.JPG
0 - Macrinus Tetradrachm - Beroea Mint, Syria17 viewsRoman Empire, Syro-Phoenician 4 Drachm.
SYRIA, Cyrrhestica. Beroea.
Emperor Macrinus (217-218 AD). Silver Tetradrachm.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing facing holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left; Palm leaf in upper left field.
Winged Animal (Possibly a Phoenix) between eagle's legs; 'B-E' flanking either side, one letter under each one of the eagle's feet.

14.4 Grams
27 / 26.5 mm
---
Reverse.
rexesq
Macrinus_4drachm_beroea-syria_rev_09.JPG
0 - Macrinus Tetradrachm - Beroea Mint, Syria13 viewsRoman Empire, Syro-Phoenician 4 Drachm.
SYRIA, Cyrrhestica. Beroea.
Emperor Macrinus (217-218 AD). Silver Tetradrachm.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing facing holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left; Palm leaf in upper left field.
Winged Animal (Possibly a Phoenix) between eagle's legs; 'B-E' flanking either side, one letter under each one of the eagle's feet.

14.4 Grams
27 / 26.5 mm
---
Reverse.
rexesq
Macrinus_4drachm_beroea-syria_obv_13_cut.JPG
0 - Macrinus Tetradrachm - Beroea Mint, Syria18 viewsRoman Empire, Syro-Phoenician 4 Drachm.
SYRIA, Cyrrhestica. Beroea.
Emperor Macrinus (217-218 AD). Silver Tetradrachm.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing facing holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left; Palm leaf in upper left field.
Winged Animal (Possibly a Phoenix) between eagle's legs; 'B-E' flanking either side, one letter under each one of the eagle's feet.

14.4 Grams
27 / 26.5 mm
---
Obverse, bust cut.
rexesq
Macrinus_4drachm_00.JPG
0 - Macrinus Tetradrachm - Beroea Mint, Syria19 viewsRoman Empire, Syro-Phoenician 4 Drachm.
SYRIA, Cyrrhestica. Beroea.
Emperor Macrinus (217-218 AD). Silver Tetradrachm.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing facing holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left; Palm leaf in upper left field.
Winged Animal (Possibly a Phoenix) between eagle's legs; 'B-E' flanking either side, one letter under each one of the eagle's feet.

14.4 Grams
27 / 26.5 mm
rexesq
Macrinus_4drachm_01_cut_portrait.JPG
0 - Macrinus Tetradrachm - Beroea Mint, Syria.16 viewsRoman Empire, Syro-Phoenician 4 Drachm.
SYRIA, Cyrrhestica. Beroea.
Emperor Macrinus (217-218 AD). Silver Tetradrachm.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing facing holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left; Palm leaf in upper left field.
Winged Animal (Possibly a Phoenix) between eagle's legs; 'B-E' flanking either side, one letter under each one of the eagle's feet.

14.4 Grams
27 / 26.5 mm
------
Bust, cut.
rexesq
_AR-Tet_feb2012.jpg
0 - Roman Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria435 views~~~
Ancient Roman Empire

Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. RARE type.

(Titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust of Emperor facing right, draped and cuirassed. Seen from behind.
rev: Eagle standing with body facing right, head and tail facing left, holding wreath in beak.
Greek letters to either side of eagle's head.
~~~~~
*notes: AMAZING PORTRAIT!!! Very Rare type, I have only ever seen ONE other example with this bust style.
~~~
~
1 commentsrexesq
DSC06620-horz.jpg
00 - 01 - Marco Junio Bruto37 viewsMarcus Junius Brutus, al ser adoptado por su Tío toma el nombre de Quintus Servilius Caepio Brutus

AR Denario 18,00 mm de 3,60 gr.

Anv: "BRVTVS", Busto a cabeza desnuda de Lucio Junio Bruto a der.
1er.Consul y fundador de la República Romana en el 509 A.C., luego de participar activamente en la conspiración para derrocar a Tarquino "El Soberbio", último Rey de Roma
Rev: "AHALA", Busto a cabeza desnuda de Cayo Servilio Ahala a der.
Magister Equitum (Maestro de caballos) en el 439 D.C., autor del magnicidio del Dictador Espurio Melio en defensa de la República auque muchos autores atribuyen este asesinato a su deseo de convertirse en Rey de Roma

Acuñada por, quizás, el mas famosos de los asesinos de Julio Cesar, unos 10 años antes y a la edad de 31 años cuando desempeñaba uno de sus primeros cargos públicos como Magistrado Monetario. A travéz de esta moneda se atribuye la descendencia paterna de Lucio Junio Bruto y Materna de Cayo Servilio Ahala, dos defensores de la República y magnicidas; además muestra su fuerte defensa de la Res Pública, oposición a la tiranía y convencimiento que existía el homicidio justificable, valores que pondría mas tarde en práctica.
También se cree que esta moneda es una advertencia a Pompeyo "El Grande", quien tenía intensiones de convertirse en Dictador.

Acuñada durante los años 54 A.C. (s/RRC) ó 59 A.C. (s/BMCRR)
Ceca: Roma.

Referencias: Craw.RRC 433/2 - Syd. CRR #907 - BMCRR Roma #3864 - RSC vol.I #Junia 30, p.56 y #Servilia 17, p.89 - Sear RCTV Vol.I #398, p.149 - Albert #1362 - Mabbott #4079 - Catalli #617, p.2001 - Vagi #82 - Harlan RRM #3-4, pag.20
mdelvalle
Craw_433_2_Denario_M__Junius_Brutus.jpg
00 - 01 - Marco Junio Bruto27 viewsMarcus Junius Brutus, al ser adoptado por su Tío toma el nombre de Quintus Servilius Caepio Brutus

AR Denario 18,00 mm de 3,60 gr.

Anv: "BRVTVS", Busto a cabeza desnuda de Lucio Junio Bruto a der.
1er.Consul y fundador de la República Romana en el 509 A.C., luego de participar activamente en la conspiración para derrocar a Tarquino "El Soberbio", último Rey de Roma
Rev: "AHALA", Busto a cabeza desnuda de Cayo Servilio Ahala a der.
Magister Equitum (Maestro de caballos) en el 439 D.C., autor del magnicidio del Dictador Espurio Melio en defensa de la República auque muchos autores atribuyen este asesinato a su deseo de convertirse en Rey de Roma

Acuñada por, quizás, el mas famosos de los asesinos de Julio Cesar, unos 10 años antes y a la edad de 31 años cuando desempeñaba uno de sus primeros cargos públicos como Magistrado Monetario. A travéz de esta moneda se atribuye la descendencia paterna de Lucio Junio Bruto y Materna de Cayo Servilio Ahala, dos defensores de la República y magnicidas; además muestra su fuerte defensa de la Res Pública, oposición a la tiranía y convencimiento que existía el homicidio justificable, valores que pondría mas tarde en práctica.
También se cree que esta moneda es una advertencia a Pompeyo "El Grande", quien tenía intensiones de convertirse en Dictador.

Acuñada durante los años 54 A.C. (s/RRC) ó 59 A.C. (s/BMCRR)
Ceca: Roma.

Referencias: Craw.RRC 433/2 - Syd. CRR #907 - BMCRR Roma #3864 - RSC vol.I #Junia 30, p.56 y #Servilia 17, p.89 - Sear RCTV Vol.I #398, p.149 - Albert #1362 - Mabbott #4079 - Catalli #617, p.2001 - Vagi #82 - Harlan RRM #3-4, pag.20
mdelvalle
380Hadrian.jpg
0003 Mule Hadrian Denarius Roma 134-38 AD Justitia.51 viewsReference. Rare.
RIC -; BMC-; Strack p. 219, 41 (Vienna); RSC 883b.

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS. (P P missing)
Bare head, draped bust right.

Rev. IVSTITIA AVG COS III in ex.
Justitia seated left, patera in right, vertical long scepter in left.

3.52 gr
18 mm
6h
Note Curtis Clay.
Strack p. 219, 41 (Vienna) = RSC 883b.

Vienna also has a similar denarius with bust laureate, draped r.

These are mules from an old rev. die: the lack of P P in the obverse legend means that it should have been added to the rev. legend, but these coins are from one or more rev. dies that had been engraved before that change was made, and were later erroneously coupled with at least two of the new obv. dies without P P.
1 commentsokidoki
0008~0.jpg
0008 - Denarius Aemilia 63 BC109 viewsObv/PAVLLVS LEPIDVS CONCORDIA, veiled and diademed head of Concordia r.
Rev/L Aemilius Paullus standing to r. of trophy, Perseus and his two sons captive on the left, PAVLVS in ex.

Ag, 19.1mm, 3.78g
Moneyer: L Aemilius Lepidus Paullus.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 415/1 [dies o/r: 240/267] - Syd.926 - RCV 297 - RSC Postumia 8 - Calicó 1216 - Cohen Postumia 7 - BMCRR 2839
ex-felixcuquerella (ebay)
2 commentsdafnis
0009.jpg
0009 - Denarius Papia 79 BC107 viewsObv/Head of Juno Sospita r., wearing goatskin, symbol behind.
Rev/Gryphon dancing r., symbol below, L PAPI in ex.

Ag, 19.9mm, 3.82g
Moneyer: L. Papius.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 384/1 [dies o/r: 211/211] - Syd. 773 - Calicó 1057 - RCV 311 - RSC Papia 1 - Cohen Papia 1
ex-Numismática Saetabis
1 commentsdafnis
image~20.jpg
000a. L. Sulla and L. Manlius Toruatus33 viewsL. Sulla and L. Manlius Torquatus. 82 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.89 g, 7h). Military mint moving with Sulla. Helmeted head of Roma right / Sulla driving triumphal quadriga right, holding branch and reins, being crowned by Victory flying left. Crawford 367/5; Sydenham 757 or 757a; Manlia 4 or 5. Near VF, toned, a few light scratches on the obverse.

From the Elwood Rafn Collection.

As consul for the year 88 BC, Sulla was awarded the coveted assignment of suppressing the revolt of Mithradates VI of Pontus, but political maneuvers resulted in this assignment being transferred to Marius. In response, Sulla turned his army on Rome, captured it, and reclaimed his command against Mithradates. His prosecution of the first Mithradatic War was successful, but he spared the Pontic king for personal gain. In 83 BC, Sulla returned to Italy as an outlaw, but he was able to win the support of many of the leading Romans. Within a year, he fought his way to Rome, where he was elected dictator. It was during this campaign to Rome that this denarius was struck. The obverse type represents Sulla's claim to be acting in Rome's best interest. The reverse shows Sulla enjoying the highest honor to which a Roman could aspire: the celebration of a triumph at Rome.
ecoli
3350438.jpg
000b. Pompey the Great54 viewsThe Pompeians. Sextus Pompey. 37/6 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.49 g, 9h). Uncertain Sicilian mint, possibly Catana. Bare head of Pompey the Great right; capis to left, lituus to right / Neptune, holding aplustre and resting right foot on prow, standing left between the Catanaean brothers Anapias and Amphinomus running in opposite directions, bearing their parents on their shoulders. Crawford 511/3a; CRI 334; Sydenham 1344; RSC 17 (Pompey the Great). Fine, lightly toned, bankers’ marks on obverse.

AMPHINOMUS and ANAPIS (or Anapias), two brothers, of Silicy, respecting whom it is related that they saved their parents, at the peril of their own lives, from the flames of Etna, at the moment when an eruption of that volcano threatened their immediate destruction. This was a favourite subject with the ancients, in symbolising filial piety; and is often represented on Greek coins of Catana (Catania), where this noble action is alleged to have been performed. Of these two Sicilian brothers, types of that devoted love, which is ever cherished by good children towards the earthly anthors of their being, Cornelius Severus, alluding to Mount Edna, thus expresses himself: "Amphinomus and his brother, both equally courageous in the performance of a duty, whilst the flames murmured their threats against the neighbouring houses, rescue their decrepid father, and their aged mother."
1 commentsecoli
coins2.JPG
000c. Sextus Pompey76 viewsSextus Pompeius Magnus Pius, in English Sextus Pompey, was a Roman general from the late Republic (1st century BC). He was the last focus of opposition to the second triumvirate.

Sextus Pompeius was the youngest son of Pompey the Great (Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus) by his third wife, Mucia Tertia. His older brother was Gnaeus Pompeius, from the same mother. Both boys grew up in the shadow of their father, one of Rome's best generals and originally non-conservative politician who drifted to the more traditional faction when Julius Caesar became a threat.

When Caesar crossed the Rubicon in 49 BC, thus starting a civil war, Sextus' older brother Gnaeus followed their father in his escape to the East, as did most of the conservative senators. Sextus stayed in Rome in the care of his stepmother, Cornelia Metella. Pompey's army lost the battle of Pharsalus in 48 BC and Pompey himself had to run for his life. Cornelia and Sextus met him in the island of Mytilene and together they fled to Egypt. On the arrival, Sextus watched his father being killed by treachery on September 29 of the same year. After the murder, Cornelia returned to Rome, but in the following years Sextus joined the resistance against Caesar in the African provinces. Together with Metellus Scipio, Cato the younger, his brother Gnaeus and other senators, they prepared to oppose Caesar and his army to the end.

Caesar won the first battle at Thapsus in 46 BC against Metellus Scipio and Cato, who committed suicide. In 45 BC, Caesar managed to defeat the Pompeius brothers in the battle of Munda. Gnaeus Pompeius was executed, but young Sextus escaped once more, this time to Sicily.

Back in Rome, Julius Caesar was murdered on the Ides of March (March 15) 44 BC by a group of senators led by Cassius and Brutus. This incident did not lead to a return to normality, but provoked yet another civil war between Caesar's political heirs and his assassins. The second triumvirate was formed by Octavian, Mark Antony and Lepidus, with the intention of avenging Caesar and subduing all opposition. Sextus Pompeius in Sicily was certainly a rebellious man, but the Cassius and Brutus faction was the second triumvirate's first priority. Thus, with the whole island as his base, Sextus had the time and resources to develop an army and, even more importantly, a strong navy operated by Sicilian marines.

Brutus and Cassius lost the twin battles of Philippi and committed suicide in 42 BC. After this, the triumvirs turned their attentions to Sicily and Sextus.

But by this time, Sextus was prepared for strong resistance. In the following years, military confrontations failed to return a conclusive victory for either side and in 39 BC, Sextus and the triumvirs signed for peace in the Pact of Misenum. The reason for this peace treaty was the anticipated campaign against the Parthian Empire. Antony, the leader, needed all the legions he could get so it was useful to secure an armistice in the Sicilian front. The peace did not last for long. Octavian and Antony's frequent quarrels were a strong political motivation for resuming the war against Sextus. Octavian tried again to conquer Sicily, but he was defeated in the naval battle of Messina (37 BC) and again in August 36 BC. But by then, Octavian had Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, a very talented general, on his side. Only a month afterwards, Agrippa destroyed Sextus' navy off Naulochus cape. Sextus escaped to the East and, by abandoning Sicily, lost all his base of support.

Sextus Pompeius was caught in Miletus in 35 BC and executed without trial (an illegal act since Sextus was a Roman citizen) by order of Marcus Titius, Antony's minion. His violent death would be one of the weapons used by Octavian against Antony several years later, when the situation between the two became unbearable.

Sicilian Mint
Magn above laureate Janiform head
PIVS above, IMP below, prow of galley right
Sear RCV 348, RPC 671, Sydenham 1044a, Cohen 16
43-36 BC

Check
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orbiana_den.jpg
001 Orbiana denarius duplicate99 viewsOrbiana Denarius, 3.023 g, 6h
SALL BARBIA ORBIANA AVG, diademed & draped bust right / CONCORDIA AVGG, Concordia seated left on throne, holding patera & double cornucopiae. RSC 1.
1 commentsmix_val
RI 001a img.jpg
001 - Augustus As (as Ceasar under Augustus) - RIC 230105 viewsÆ As.
Obv:– CAESAR PONT MAX, Laureate bust right. “CCARN" in circle in countermark.
Rev:– ROM ET AVG; Front elevation of the Altar in Lyon, decorated with the corona civica between laurels, these being made by nude male figures, usually stylized, to left and right, Victories on columns facing one another.
Minted in Lugdunum. B.C. 15 to B.C. 10.
Ref:– BMC 550. RIC I Augustus 230

Rare countermark
1 commentsmaridvnvm
orb_den_red.jpg
001 Orbiana Denarius58 viewsOrbiana Denarius, 3.191 g, 6h. SALL BARBIA ORBIANA AVG, diademed & draped bust right / CONCORDIA AVGG, Concordia seated left on throne, holding patera & double cornucopiae. RSC 1mix_val
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001 Orbiana denarius but ae43 viewsOrbiana AE Denarius, 2.118 g, 1300h
SALL BARBIA ORBIANA AVG, diademed & draped bust right / CONCORDIA AVGG, Concordia seated left on throne, holding patera & double cornucopiae. as RSC 1 but ae.

mix_val
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001. Julius Caesar124 viewsJulius Caesar. 49-48 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.60 g). Military mint traveling with Caesar. Elephant walking right, trampling on serpent / Simpulum, sprinkler, axe (surmounted by a wolf’s head), and priest’s hat. Crawford 443/1; CRI 9; Sydenham 1006; RSC 49. VF, toned
Ex-Cng
4 commentsecoli
0012.jpg
0012 - Denarius Postumia 81 BC64 viewsObv/HISPAN, veiled head of Hispania r.
Rev/A ALBIN S N, togate figure standing l. between legionary eagle and consular fasces, POST A F in ex.

Ag, 20.0mm, 3.88g
Moneyer: Postumius Albinus.
Mint: Rome aux.
RRC 372/2 [dies o/r: 198/220] - Syd.746 - RCV 297 - RSC Postumia 8 - Calicó 1216 - Cohen Postumia 7 - BMCRR 2839
ex-Incineratio Roma (vcoins)
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0013.jpg
0013 - Denarius Domitian 81 AC40 viewsObv/IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG PM, Domitian laureate head r.
Rev/TR P COS VII DES VIII PP, throne with semicircular back, covered.

Ag, 17.7mm, 3.40g
Mint: Rome.
RIC IIa/67 [R] - RIC II/17 - BMCRE 17 - RSC 573
ex-Ancient Numismatic Enterprise (vcoins)
ex-CNG
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0014 - Denarius Anonymous 209-8 BC137 viewsObv/Helmeted head of Roma r., X behind.
Rev/Dioscuri riding r., stars above their heads, dolphin below, ROMA in ex.

Ag, 19.0mm, 4.17g
Moneyer: anonymous.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 80/1a [dies o/r: 40/50] - BMCRR 423 - Syd. 214 - Calicó 20 - RCV 39 - RSC 20k
ex-Kuenker, auction 124, lot 8237
8 commentsdafnis
0015.jpg
0015 - Denarius Annia 82-1 BC59 viewsObv/C ANNI T F T N PRO COS EX S C, draped bust of Anna Perenna r., hair in a knot, winged caduceus behind, scale before, dot below.
Rev/Victory in galloping quadriga r., Q above, L FABI L F HISP in ex.

Ag, 19.2mm, 3.82g
Moneyer: Annius Luscus, L Fabius Hispaniensis.
Mint: Hispania.
RRC 366/1b [dies o/r: 18/(20)] - Syd.748a - BMCRR 352 - - Cohen Annia 1 - Calicó 116 - RCV 289 - RSC Annia 2a
ex-Kuenker, auction 124, lot 8326
1 commentsdafnis
0016.jpg
0016 - Denarius Cornelia 56 BC51 viewsObv/Head of Hercules r. in lion skin, SC and TAS in monogram behind, below winged paws.
Rev/Globe between jeweled wreath and three triumphal wreaths.

Ag, 19.9mm, 3.74g
Moneyer: Faustus Cornelius Sulla.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 426/4a [dies o/r: 33/37] - Syd. 882 - BMCRR 3912 - Cohen Cornelia 49 - Calicó 498 - RCV 385 - RSC Cornelia 61
ex-Kuenker, auction 124, lot 8390
1 commentsdafnis
0018.jpg
0018 - Denarius Thoria 105 BC51 viewsObv/ISMR, head of Juno Sospita r. in goat skin.
Rev/Bull charging r., C above, THORIVS below, BALBVS in ex.

Ag, 20.0mm, 3.93g
Moneyer: L. Thorius Balbus.
Mint: Gallia Cisalpina.
RRC 316/1 [dies o/r: 450/562] - Syd. 598 - BMCRR 1615 - Calicó 1300 - Cohen Thoria 1 - RCV 192 - RSC Thoria 1
ex-CNG
1 commentsdafnis
0019.jpg
0019 - Denarius Herennia 108-7 BC38 viewsObv/PIETAS, laureate head of Pietas r., control letter below chin.
Rev/M • HERENNI, Amphinomus carrying his father r.

Ag, 18.8mm, 3.88g
Moneyer: M. Herennius.
Mint: South Italiy (Reggio?)
RRC 308/1a [dies o/r: 120/(150)] - Syd. 567 - BMCRR 1231 - Calicó 615 - Cohen Herennia 1 - RCV 185 - RSC Herennia 1
ex-CNG
1 commentsdafnis
Marcus-Antonius_AR-Den_LEG-XV_ANT-AVG-III__VIR_R_P_C__Crafw-544-30_Syd-1235_RSC-30_Q-001_5h_16,8-17mm_2,72g-s.jpg
001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-30, AR-denarius, LEG-XV, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,132 views001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-30, AR-denarius, LEG-XV, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,
avers:- LEG-XV, legionary eagle (aquila) between two standards.
revers:- ANT-AVG-III-VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley sailing right, mast with banners at prow.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 16,8-17mm, weight: 2,72g, axes: 5h,
mint: Legionary Denarius, date: 32-31 B.C., ref: Crawford-544/30, Sydneham-1235, RSC-47,
Q-001
"Legion XV Apollinaris was raised by Caesar in Gallia Cisalpina in 53 BC. In the time of Augustus-Tiberius the legion was stationed in Ljubljana, then in Carnuntum and later in Alexandria and took part in the Jewish War and the capture of Jerusalem. In the 2nd and 3rd century the legion fought mainly in the East against the Parthians."
1 commentsquadrans
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001b. Fulvia17 viewsThe Triumvirs. Mark Antony. Late summer-autumn 43 BC. AR Quinarius (13mm, 1.62 g, 12h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Winged bust of Victory right, with the likeness of Fulvia / Lion walking right; DVN[I] (retrograde and inverted) above, [LVGV] in exergue; [A] to left, X [L] to right (= 40, Antony’s age at time of issue). Crawford 489/5; Lyon 2; King 75; CRI 122; Sydenham 1160; Fulvia 4; RBW 1712. Fine, toned, banker’s mark on the reverse.

Ex Davissons 28 (17 December 2009), lot 73.
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001c. Lepidus17 viewsThe Triumvirs. Lepidus and Octavian. November-December 43 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.35 g, 10h). Military mint traveling with Lepidus in Italy. Bare head of Lepidus right / Bare head of Octavian right. Crawford 495/2a; CRI 140; Sydenham 1323; RSC 2a. Near Fine, toned, struck off center, bankers’ marks.ecoli
Augustus_AE-As_CAESAR_AVGVST_PONT_MAX_TRIBVNIC_POT_P_LVRIVS_AGRIPPA_IIIVIR_A_A_A_F_F__SdotC_RIC_428,_Cohen_446,_BMC_244_Rome_7-BC-Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
002 Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), RIC I 428, Rome, AE-As, (moneyer P Lurius Agrippa), P LVRIVS AGRIPPA IIIVIR •A•A•A•F•F•, around large S•C, #191 views002 Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), RIC I 428, Rome, AE-As, (moneyer P Lurius Agrippa), P LVRIVS AGRIPPA IIIVIR •A•A•A•F•F•, around large S•C, #1
avers:- CAESAR-AVGVST-PONT-MAX-TRIBVNIC-POT, Bare head left.
revers:- P-LVRIVS-AGRIPPA-IIIVIR•A•A•A•F•F•, around large S•C.
exe: S•C//--, diameter: 27,5mm, weight: 8,42g, axis:5h,
mint: Rome, date: 7 B.C., ref: RIC-I-428, C-446, BMC-244,
Q-001
quadrans
coin614.JPG
002. Augustus39 viewsAugustus. 27 BC-AD 14. Æ Dupondius (28mm, 12.15 g). Rome mint. Q. Aelius Lamia, moneyer. Struck 18 BC. Legend in three lines within wreath / Legend around large S C. RIC I 324; BMCRE 176; BN 236. Near VF, brown patina with tan high points, some scratches on obverse.1 commentsecoli
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002. Augustus (31 BC- 14 AD)48 viewsAugustus

He suffered but two severe and ignominious defeats, those of Lollius [15 B.C.] and Varus [9 A.D.], both of which were in Germany. Of these the former was more humiliating than serious, but the latter was almost fatal, since three legions were cut to pieces with their general, his lieutenants, and all the auxiliaries. In fact, they say that he was so greatly affected that for several months in succession he cut neither his beard nor his hair, and sometimes he would dash his head against a door, crying: "Quintilius Varus, give me back my legions!" And he observed the day of the disaster each year as one of sorrow and mourning.

Lyons mint, 2 BC - ca 13 AD. CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE. laureate head right / AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT, C L CAESARES below, Gaius & Lucius standing front, each with a hand resting on a round shield, a spear, & in field above, a lituus right & simpulum left ("b9"). BMC 533, RSC 43

This is one of my first 12 caesar coins. I got this from an all text list from M&R coins.
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0020.jpg
0020 - Denarius Hadrian 137 AC14 viewsObv/HADRIANVS AVG COS III PP, Hadrian laureate head r.
Rev/MONETA AVG, Moneta standing l., holding scales and cornucopiae.

Ag, 18.7mm, 3.27g
Mint: Rome.
RIC III/256 [C] - RCV3507 - BMCRE677 (nota) - RSC965
ex-Jean Elsen et Fils, auction 91, lot 249
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0024 - Denarius Volteia 78 BC32 viewsObv/Laureate head of Jupiter r.
Rev/Capitoline temple, tetrastyle; M VOLTEI M F in ex.

Ag, 18.9mm, 3.94g
Moneyer: M. Volteius M.f.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 385/1 [dies o/r: 70/78] - Syd. 774 - RCV 312 - RSC Volteia 1 - Cohen Volteia 1
ex-Sayles & Lavender
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0029 - Denarius Vibia 89-8 BC48 viewsObv/Laureate head of Apollo r.; PANSA behind, below control mark.
Rev/Minerva in quadriga r., holding spear and reins in l. and trophy in r.; C VIBIVS C F in ex.

Ag, 18.2mm, 3.90g
Moneyer: C.Vibius C.f. Pansa
Mint: Rome.
RRC 342/5b [dies o/r: 988/1097 (3b-5b)]
ex-LHS Numismatik, auction 100, lot 389
2 commentsdafnis
Aigina_turtle.jpg
002a, Aigina, Islands off Attica, Greece, c. 510 - 490 B.C.86 viewsSilver stater, S 1849, SNG Cop 503, F, 12.231g, 22.3mm, Aigina (Aegina) mint, c. 510 - 490 B.C.; Obverse: sea turtle (with row of dots down the middle); Reverse: incuse square of “Union Jack” pattern; banker's mark obverse. Ex FORVM.


Greek Turtles, by Gary T. Anderson

Turtles, the archaic currency of Aegina, are among the most sought after of all ancient coins. Their early history is somewhat of a mystery. At one time historians debated whether they or the issuances of Lydia were the world's earliest coins. The source of this idea comes indirectly from the writings of Heracleides of Pontus, a fourth century BC Greek scholar. In the treatise Etymologicum, Orion quotes Heracleides as claiming that King Pheidon of Argos, who died no later than 650 BC, was the first to strike coins at Aegina. However, archeological investigations date the earliest turtles to about 550 BC, and historians now believe that this is when the first of these intriguing coins were stamped.

Aegina is a small, mountainous island in the Saronikon Gulf, about midway between Attica and the Peloponnese. In the sixth century BC it was perhaps the foremost of the Greek maritime powers, with trade routes throughout the eastern half of the Mediterranean. It is through contacts with Greeks in Asia Minor that the idea of coinage was probably introduced to Aegina. Either the Lydians or Greeks along the coast of present day Turkey were most likely the first to produce coins, back in the late seventh century. These consisted of lumps of a metal called electrum (a mixture of gold and silver) stamped with an official impression to guarantee the coin was of a certain weight. Aegina picked up on this idea and improved upon it by stamping coins of (relatively) pure silver instead electrum, which contained varying proportions of gold and silver. The image stamped on the coin of the mighty sea power was that of a sea turtle, an animal that was plentiful in the Aegean Sea. While rival cities of Athens and Corinth would soon begin limited manufacture of coins, it is the turtle that became the dominant currency of southern Greece. The reason for this is the shear number of coins produced, estimated to be ten thousand yearly for nearly seventy years. The source for the metal came from the rich silver mines of Siphnos, an island in the Aegean. Although Aegina was a formidable trading nation, the coins seemed to have meant for local use, as few have been found outside the Cyclades and Crete. So powerful was their lure, however, that an old proverb states, "Courage and wisdom are overcome by Turtles."

The Aeginean turtle bore a close likeness to that of its live counterpart, with a series of dots running down the center of its shell. The reverse of the coin bore the imprint of the punch used to force the face of the coin into the obverse turtle die. Originally this consisted of an eight-pronged punch that produced a pattern of eight triangles. Later, other variations on this were tried. In 480 BC, the coin received its first major redesign. Two extra pellets were added to the shell near the head of the turtle, a design not seen in nature. Also, the reverse punch mark was given a lopsided design.

Although turtles were produced in great quantities from 550 - 480 BC, after this time production dramatically declines. This may be due to the exhaustion of the silver mines on Siphnos, or it may be related to another historical event. In 480 BC, Aegina's archrival Athens defeated Xerxes and his Persian armies at Marathon. After this, it was Athens that became the predominant power in the region. Aegina and Athens fought a series of wars until 457 BC, when Aegina was conquered by its foe and stripped of its maritime rights. At this time the coin of Aegina changed its image from that of the sea turtle to that of the land tortoise, symbolizing its change in fortunes.

The Turtle was an object of desire in ancient times and has become so once again. It was the first coin produced in Europe, and was produced in such great quantities that thousands of Turtles still exist today. Their historical importance and ready availability make them one of the most desirable items in any ancient coin enthusiast's collection.

(Greek Turtles, by Gary T. Anderson .
1 commentsCleisthenes
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002c. Gaius and Lucius Caesars65 viewsJulia, daughter of Augustus, who has had no child by Marcellus (she is only sixteen when he dies), is married to Agrippa, a soldier who has long been the emperor's most trusted supporter. They have two sons, Gaius and Lucius, born in 20 and 17 BC. The boys are adopted by the emperor. The intention now, if Augustus dies, is that Agrippa should rule until one of these grandsons is of an age to take control. But Agrippa dies in 12 BC.

Julia has had a total of five children by Agrippa (the two sons adopted by the emperor, two daughters, and another posthumous son, Agrippa Posthumus). She now has one son by Tiberius, but the child dies in infancy.

By 6 BC it is evident that Tiberius is being set aside. Julia refuses to live with him, and her eldest son Gaius (at the age of fourteen) is given a nominal high appointment as consul. Gaius and Lucius Caesar, grandsons and adopted sons of the emperor, are now clearly the family members in line for the succession. But they die young, Lucius Caesar in AD 2 and then Gaius in AD 4.

LYDIA, Magnesia ad Sipylum. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. Æ 19mm (4.93 g). Jugate heads of Augustus and Livia right / Confronted heads of Gaius and Lucius Caesars. RPC 2449. Fair. Rare. Ex-Cng
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002d. Julia and Livia, Pergamon, Mysia43 viewsBronze AE 18, RPC I 2359, SNG Cop 467, aF, weight 3.903 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon mint, obverse ΛIBIAN HPAN CAPINOΣ, draped bust of Livia right; reverse IOYΛIAN AΦPO∆ITHN, draped bust of Julia right; ex Forum, ex Malter Galleries

Julia was Augustus' only natural child, the daughter of his second wife Scribonia. She was born the same day that Octavian divorced Scribonia, to marry Livia.

Julia's tragic destiny was to serve as a pawn in her father's dynastic plans. At age two, she was betrothed to Mark Antony's ten-year-old son, but the fathers' hostility ended the engagement. At age 14, she was married to her cousin but he died two years later. In 21 B.C., Julia married Agrippa, nearly 25 years her elder, Augustus' most trusted general and friend. Augustus had been advised, "You have made him so great that he must either become your son-in-law or be slain." Agrippa died suddenly in 12 B.C. and Julia was married in 11 B.C. to Tiberius.

During her marriages to Agrippa and Tiberius Julia took lovers. In 2 B.C., Julia was arrested for adultery and treason. Augustus declared her marriage null and void. He also asserted in public that she had been plotting against his own life. Reluctant to execute her, Augustus had her exiled, with no men in sight, forbidden even to drink wine. Scribonia, Julia's mother, accompanied her into exile. Five years later, she was allowed to move to Rhegium but Augustus never forgave her. When Tiberius became emperor, he cut off her allowance and put her in solitary confinement in one room in her house. Within months she died from malnutrition.
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003 - Lucilla (163-181 AD), denarius - RIC 75943 viewsObv: LVCILLA AVGVSTA, draped bust right.
Rev: CONCORDIA, Concordia enthroned left, holding patera and double cornucopia.
Minted in Rome 166-169 AD.
pierre_p77
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003 TIBERIUS 14 viewsEMPEROR:Tiberius
DENOMINATION: Denarius
OBVERSE: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right
REVERSE: PONTIF MAXIM, Livia, as Pax, holding long sceptre & olive branch, seated right on throne with ornate legs, single line below
DATE: Ad 14-37
MINT: Lugdunum
WEIGHT: 3.59 g
RIC: I.30 (C)
Barnaba6
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003. Tiberius (14 AD - 37 AD)68 viewsTiberius.

Hard and secretive by nature and embittered by the neglect with which his step- father allowed him to be treated, he did not arouse personal enthusiasm, and until recently was described by historians as a bloody tyrant. It is only during the last sixty years that he has been more fairly judged, and at present the opinion begins to prevail that he was a genuine Roman, a ruler faithful to his duties, just, wise, and self-contained. The strong opposition which grew up against him was due to his taciturn and domineering disposition, and to the influence of the prefect of the guard, Ælius Sejanus, who alone possessed his confidence.

Lugdunum mint. TI CAESAR DIVI AVG AVGVSTVS, laureate head right / PONTIF MAXIM, Livia, as Pax, seated right, holding olive branch & long scepter RSC 16a. Ex Calgary
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0030 - Denarius Caecilia 81 BC31 viewsObv/Head of Pietas r. wearing diadem; before, stork.
Rev/Jug and lituus, IMPER in ex. Laurel-wreath border.

Ag, 19.5mm, 3.76g
Moneyer: Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius.
Mint: North Italy.
RRC 374/2 [dies o/r: 30/33] - BMCRR Spain 47 - Syd. 751 - RSC Caecilia 44 - RCV 302
ex-Gerhard Hirsch, auction 250/1, lot 796
1 commentsdafnis
0031.jpg
0031 - Denarius Cupienna 147 BC41 viewsObv/Helmeted head of Roma r.; behind cornucopiae, before X.
Rev/Dioscuri r., below L CUP, ROMA in ex.

Ag, 19.0mm, 4.34g
Moneyer: L.Cupiennus.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 218/1 [dies o/r: 73/91] - RSC Cupienna 1 - Syd. 404
ex-Hess-Divo, auction 307, lot 1442
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0032 - Denarius Marcia 134 BC32 viewsObv/Helmeted head of Roma r., behind modius, before crossed X.
Rev/Victory in biga r., holding reins in l. and whip in r. hand; below M MAR C, below RO MA divided by two grain ears.

Ag, 19.7mm, 3.79g
Moneyer: M.Marcius Mn.f.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 245/1 [dies o/r: 120/150] - BMCRR 1008 - Syd. 500.
ex-Valencia Coin Market 20 may 2007
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0033 - Denarius Postumia 131 BC60 viewsObv/Helmeted head or Roma r., nehind apex, before crossed X.
Rev/Mars in quadriga r., holding spear, shield and reins in l. and trophy in r. hand; below L POST ALB, ROMA in ex.

Ag, 20.0mm, 3.92g
Moneyer: L.Postumius Albinus (son)
Mint: Rome.
RRC 252/1 [dies o/r: 47/59] - BMCRR Rome 1129 - RSC Postumia 1 - Syd. 472
ex-Münzen & Medaillen, auction 28 may 207, lot 1310
2 commentsdafnis
0034.jpg
0034 - Denarius Postumia 81 BC45 viewsObv/Bust of Diana r., draped, with bow and quiver over shoulder; above brucanium.
Rev/A POST A F S N ALBIN, rock on which stands lighted altar, bull on l., togate figure holding aspergillum over bull on r.

Ag, 19.8mm, 3.95g
Moneyer: A.Postumius A.f. S.n Albinus.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 372/1 [dies o/r: 90/100] - BMCRR Rome 2836 - RSC Postumia 7 - Syd. 745.
ex-Herbert Grün, auction 47, lot 1594
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0035 - Denarius Cassius 63 BC66 viewsObv/Head of Vesta l. wearing veil and diadem; on l. dish, on l. control letter.
Rev/Voter l., dropping tablet marked V into cista; on r., LONGIN III V.

Ag, 22.1mm, 3.89g
Moneyer: L.Cassius Longinus.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 413/1 [dies o/r: 94/104] - BMCRR Rome 3931 - RSC Cassia 10 - Syd. 935.
ex-Tkalec, auction 27 apr 2007, lot 156
3 commentsdafnis
0036.jpg
0036 - Denarius Cassia 55 BC73 viewsObv/Head of Genius Populi Romani r. with sceptre over shoulder.
Rev/Eagle on thunderbolt r., on l. lituus, on r. jug, below Q CASSIVS.

Ag, 19.4mm, 3.59g
Moneyer: Q. Cassius Longinus
Mint: Rome.
RRC 428/3 [dies o/r: 126/140] - BMCRR Rome 3868 - RSC Cassia 7 - Syd. 916
ex-Tkalec, auction 27 apr 2007, lot 162
1 commentsdafnis
0037.jpg
0037 - Denarius Carisia 46 BC46 viewsObv/ Head of Sibyl r.
Rev/ Sphinx r.; above, T CARISIVS; in ex., III VIR.

Ag, 17.7 mm, 3.73 g
Moneyer: T. Carisius
Mint: Rome.
RRC RRC 464/1 [dies o/r: 117/130] - BMCRR Rome 4060 - RSC Carisia 10 - Syd. 983 - Calicó 389
ex-Baldwin’s, Argentum auction A207, lot 608
1 commentsdafnis
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003a. Drusus136 viewsDrusus

Tiberius' son, Drusus Caesar, d. 23, called Drusus Junior, served in the provinces Pannonia ( 15) and in Illyricum ( 17? 20). In 22 he was made tribune. Meanwhile, Sejanus, Tiberius' minister, had become jealous of Drusus' power and tried to turn Tiberius against him. Drusus may have been poisoned by Sejanus or by his wife under Sejanus' influence.

As. Sear 2594, restitution issue by Titus. 10.0 g, 26x27 mm. Glossy dark green patina with slight roughness. OBV.: Drusus left, DRVSVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N. REV.: IMP T CAES DIVI VESP F AVG REST around SC.
1 commentsecoli73
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004. Caligula 41 viewsGAIUS (CALIGULA). 37-41 AD.

Whatever damage Tiberius's later years had done to the carefully crafted political edifice created by Augustus, Gaius multiplied it a hundredfold. When he came to power in A.D. 37 Gaius had no administrative experience beyond his honorary quaestorship, and had spent an unhappy early life far from the public eye. He appears, once in power, to have realized the boundless scope of his authority and acted accordingly. His reign highlighted an inherent weakness in the Augustan Principate, raw monarchy in which only the self-discipline of the incumbent acted as a restraint on his behavior.

Æ As (28mm, 10.19 gm). Rome mint. Struck 37-38 AD. Bare head left / Vesta seated left, holding patera and sceptre. RIC I 38; Cohen 27. Near VF, dark brown surfaces. Ex-CNG
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0043~0.jpg
0043 - Denarius Plaetoria 67 BC28 viewsObv/ Head of Cybele r.; behind, forepart of lion; before, globe; behind CESTIANVS downwards; before, SC downwards. Bead and reel border.
Rev/ M PLAETORIVS AED CVR EX SC; curule chair; control mark on l. Bead and reel border.

Ag, 19.0 mm, 3.82 g
Moneyer: M. Plaetorius Cestianus
Mint: Rome
RRC 409/2 [dies o/r: (49)/54] - BMCRR Rome 3574
ex-DNW, auction june 2007, lot 351
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0046 - Denarius Licinia 47 BC37 viewsObv/Laureate head of Fides r., behind NERVA, before FIDES.
Rev/Horseman galloping r., dragging captive by the hair, A LICINI below, III VIR in field.

Ag, 18.5mm, 3.93g
Moneyer: A. Licinius Nerva.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 454/1 [dies o/r: 66/73] - Syd. 954 - RCV 430 - Calicó 891 - RSC Licinia 24.
ex-Inclinatio Roma (vcoins)
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0048.jpg
0048 - Denarius anonymous 115-4 BC61 viewsObv/ Helmeted head of Roma r.; behind, X; below, ROMA.
Rev/Roma seated r. on pile of shields, holding spear; before, she-wolf r. suckling twins; two birds in the field.

Ag, 22.0mm, 3.93g
Moneyer: anonymous.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 287/1 [dies o/r: 82/102] - Syd. 530 - RCV 164 - RSC 176 - Calicó 58 - BMCRR Italy 562
ex-Numismática y Arqueología J. Antonio Salvador
2 commentsdafnis
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0049 - Denarius Aemilia 114-3 BC39 viewsObv/ Laureate female bust (Roma?) r., veiled and wearing diadem; before, ROMA; behind, crossed X.
Rev/ Three arches, on which stands equestrian status - horseman wears cuirass and wreath, and holds spear in r. hand; around, MN AEMILIO; between arches, L E P.

Ag, 18.5 mm, 3.85 g
Moneyer: Mn. Aemilius Lepidus
Mint: Rome
RRC 291/1 [dies o/r: 283/354 - BMCRR Italy 590
ex-Jesús Vico, auction 116, lot 3080
1 commentsdafnis
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004a CLAUDIUS20 viewsEMPEROR: Claudius
DENOMINATION: As
OBVERSE: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP P P, bare head left
REVERSE: CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI S-C, Constantia standing left leaning on scepter
MINT: Roma
DATE: Ad 42-43
WEIGHT: 10.22 g
RIC: 111
Barnaba6
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004b CLAUDIUS33 viewsEMPEROR: Claudius
DENOMINATION: As
OBVERSE: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP P P, bare head left
REVERSE: LIBERTAS AVGVSTA S-C, Libertas standing facing with pileus, extending left hand
DATE: Ad 42-54
MINT: Roma
WEIGHT: 11.61 g
RIC: 113
1 commentsBarnaba6
orbiana_As.jpg
005 Orbiana As 61 viewsOrbiana Æ As, 9.654 g, 6h
SALL BARBIA ORBIANA AVG, diademed & draped bust right / CONCORDIA AVGVSTORVM, S-C in ex, Concordia seated left on throne, holding patera & double cornucopiae. Cohen 5.
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005. CLAUDIUS 41 AD - 54 AD53 viewsCLAUDIUS. 41-54 AD.

I, Claudius was a very sympathetic treatment of Claudius; nevertheless, along with Claudius the God, those books hold a special place in my library. Without those books, I would not have taken an interest in the classics in high school, and subsequently, ancient coins. Certainly Claudius was not a saint; nor good as we define a person now; but given the circumstances and the unlimited power he weld, few of us could have done it better.

Æ As (9.50 gm). Bare head left / Libertas standing right, holding pileus. RIC I 113; BMCRE 202; Cohen 47. Ex-CNG
1 commentsecoli
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005. Nero 54-68AD. AE Sestertius, Rome mint, 63AD. DECVRSIO. 38.6mm200 viewsObv. Laureate ead right, wearing aegis NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P
Rev. Nero on horseback prancing right, wearing cuirass, short tunic, and billowing cloak, spear in right hand, to right soldier moving right. carrying vexillum; to leftin shallow relief, soldier running right DECVRSIO in ex
BMCRE 155; Cohen 94, RIC I 176 var (obv legend)
38.6mm, 180o, 63 A.D. Rome mint.
This sestertius was an early emission from the Rome Mint, which resumed striking bronze after about 10 years of inactivity. The talented engraver, perhaps with extra time for this initial project, produced one of the best dies in the entire imperial bronze series. The special style, complemented by superior execution, has similarities to later medallions.


The fine expressive portrait has higher relief than the more common Lugdunum issues.
The reverse uses the roundness of the flan and three geometric planes of relief to both present the scene in a format that draws the eye to the emperor and show movement that is lacking on almost all other Roman coins. The rare use of geometric planes was repeated on ADLOCVTIO sestertii of Galba five years later, perhaps the work of the same artist. Rome sestertii after 70 A.D. are of far less impressive style.


The lack of SC leaves the reverse fields uncluttered. SC stood for Senatus Consultum, "By Decree of the Senate" and signified the role of the Senate in the minting of brass and bronze coinage. Many sestertii of Caligula and some brass and bronze of Nero lack SC. Subsequent issues include SC again, until inflation produced the demise of the sestertius under Gallienus, c. 265 AD
5 commentsLordBest
0050.jpg
0050 - Denarius Lutatia 109-8 BC34 viewsObv/Helmeted head of Roma r., before CERCO, above (RO)MA, behind crossed X.
Rev/Galley r. within oak wreath, Q LVTATI above.

Ag, 18.5mm, 3.94g
Moneyer: Q Lutatius Cerco.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 305/1 [dies o/r: 135/169] - Syd. 559 - Calicó 914 - BMCRR Italy 636 - RCV 182.
ex-Valencia Coin Fair, 29 feb 2008
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0051.jpg
0051 - Denarius Scribonia 62 BC46 viewsObv/Diademed head of Bonus Eventus r., behind LIBO, before BON EVENT.
Rev/Well-head ornamented with garland and two lyres, tong at base, PVTEAL above, SCRIBON below.

Ag, 19.5mm, 3.42g
Moneyer: L Scribonius Libo.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 416/1b [dies o/r: 206/229] - Syd. 928 - Calicó 1247 - BMCRR Rome 3382 - RSC Scribonia 8-8b - RCV 367.
ex-Valencia Coin Fair, 29 feb 2008
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424Hadrian_RIC9.jpg
0053 Hadrian Denarius Roma 117 AD Concordia55 viewsReference.
Strack 13; RIC III, 53; C. 248; RIC II, 9

Bust A4 balteus

Obv. IMP CAES TRAIAN HADRIANO AVG DIVI TRA
Laureate bare bust with drapery, and balteus

Rev. PARTH F DIVI NER NEP P M TR P COS CONCORD in Ex.
Concordia, draped, seated left on throne, holding patera in right hand and resting left on figure of Spes on low base; cornucopiae under throne.

3.32 gr
20 mm
12h
okidoki
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0053 Hadrian Denarius Roma 117 AD Concordia11 viewsReference.
Strack 13; RIC III, 53; C. 248; RIC II, 9

Bust A4

Obv. IMP CAES TRAIAN HADRIANO AVG DIVI TRA
Laureate bare bust with drapery

Rev. PARTH F DIVI NER NEP P M TR P COS CONCORD in Ex.
Concordia, draped, seated left on throne, holding patera in right hand and resting left on figure of Spes on low base; cornucopiae under throne.

3.27 gr
18 mm
12h
1 commentsokidoki
0055.jpg
0055 - Denarius Acilia 49 BC48 viewsObv/Head of Salus r., SALVTIS behind.
Rev/MN ACILIVS III VIR VALETV, Salus standing l. holding serpent.

Ag, 20.0mm, 3.89g
Moneyer: Mn. Acilius Glabrio.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 442/1a [dies o/r: 651/723 (1a+1b)] - Syd. 922 - BMCRR Rome 3944 - RCV 412 - RSC Acilia 8, 8a - Calicó 66.
ex-Incitatus Coins (vcoins)
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0057 Hadrian Denarius Roma 117 AD Fortuna32 viewsReference
Strack 14; RIC III, 57; C. 749; BMC 20; RIC II 10

Bust A4

Obv. IMP CAES TRAIAN HADRIANO AVG DIVI TRA
Laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder, seen from front.

Rev. PARTH F DIVI NER NEP P M TR P COS
Fortuna, veiled, enthroned left, rudder in right hand, cornucopiae in left, FORT RED in exergue.

4.02 gr
19 mm
6h
3 commentsokidoki
165Hadrian__RIC10.jpg
0058 Hadrian Denarius Roma 117 AD Fortuna56 viewsReference
Strack 14; RIC III, 58; C. 749a; BMC 20; RIC II, 10

Bust B1

Obv. IMP CAES TRAIAN HADRIANO AVG DIVI TRA
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, balteus strap over shoulder and across chest.

Rev. PARTH F DIVI NER NEP P M TR P COS
Fortuna, veiled, enthroned left, rudder in right hand, cornucopiae in left, FORT RED in exergue.

2.48 gr
19 mm
12h

Note.
"Imp(eratori) Caes(ari) Traian(o) Hadriano Aug(usto) Divi Tra(iani) / Parth(ici) f(ilio) Divi Ner(vae) nep(oti) p(ontifici) m(aximo) tr(ibunicia) p(otestate) co(n)s(uli) Fort(unae) red(uci)"
okidoki
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005a Orbiana As dup65 viewsSALL BARBIA ORBIANA AVG, diademed & draped bust right / CONCORDIA AVGVSTORVM, S-C in ex, Concordia seated left on throne, holding patera & double cornucopiae. Cohen 5.
weight, 10.15g; die axis, 6h
Some copper is showing through the patina but the coin is of very good style
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005a. Antonia35 viewsAntonia

she exposed a plot between her daughter Livilla and Sejanus, Tiberius's Praetorian Prefect. This led to Sejanus's downfall and to the death of Livilla. Claudius, her biggest disappointment (she once called him a "monster") was the only one of her children to survive her.

She committed suicide in 37 AD on Caligula's orders after expressing unhappiness over the murder of her youngest grandson, Tiberius Gemellus. There is a passage in Suetonius's "Life of Gaius" that mentions how Caligula may have given her poison himself. Renowned for her beauty and virtue, Antonia spent her long life revered by the Roman people and enjoyed many honors conferred upon her by her relatives.

Æ Dupondius (10.61 gm). Struck by Claudius. Draped bust right / Claudius standing left, holding simpulum. RIC I 92 (Claudius); BMCRE 166 (same); Cohen 6. Ex-CNG

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005b. Britannicus126 viewsBritannicus (son of Claudius) AE17. Ionia, Smyrna

Britannicus (41 - 55 A.D.) was the son of the Roman emperor Claudius and his third wife Messalina. His original name was "Germanicus" but was changed in honor of his father's conquest of Britain in 43 AD.

Nobody is sure why Claudius made Nero his successor and not Britannicus, although the fact that Britannicus may have been Caligula's son is a factor. Britannicus was killed by (partisans of) his step-brother (and brother-in-law) Nero so that Nero could become emperor of Rome.

His sister Octavia is the heroine of the play written at some time after the death of Nero. It's title is titled her name, but its central message is the wrong done to the Claudian house because of the wrong done to its last male member and its last hope.

Britannicus. Before 54 AD. AE 17mm (4.31 g), Minted at Ionia, Smyrna. Bare head right 'ZMYP' below bust / Nike flying right. cf S(GIC) 516. Scarce. Some dirt and patina chipping.

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005c. Germanicus48 viewsGermanicus

After the death of Augustus in 14, the Senate appointed Germanicus commander of the forces in Germania. A short time after, the legions rioted on the news that the succession befell on the unpopular Tiberius. Refusing to accept this, the rebel soldiers cried for Germanicus as emperor. But he chose to honor Augustus' choice and put an end to the mutiny, preferring to continue only as a general. In the next two years, he subdued the Germanic tribes east of the Rhine, and assured their defeat in the Battle of the Weser River in 16.

Germanicus died in Alexandria, Egypt. His death was surrounded with speculations, and several sources refer to claims that he was poisoned by Gnaeus Calpurnius Piso, governor of Syria, under orders of the emperor Tiberius.

AS, struck under Caligula. GERMANICVS CAESAR TI AVGVST F DIVI AVG N, bare head left / C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT around large SC. Cohen 1.

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005d. Agrippina II89 viewsLYDIA, Hypaepa. Agrippina Jr., mother of Nero. Augusta, 50-59 AD. Æ 14mm (2.33 gm). Draped bust of Agrippina right / Cult statue of Artemis. RPC I 2541; SNG Copenhagen -.

Julia Vipsania Agrippina Minor or Agrippina Minor (Latin for "the younger") (November 7, AD 15 – March 59), often called "Agrippinilla" to distinguish her from her mother, was the daughter of Germanicus and Agrippina Major. She was sister of Caligula, granddaughter and great-niece to Tiberius, niece and wife of Claudius, and the mother of Nero. She was born at Oppidum Ubiorum on the Rhine, afterwards named in her honour Colonia Agrippinae (modern Cologne, Germany).

Agrippina was first married to (1st century AD) Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus. From this marriage she gave birth to Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus, who would become Roman Emperor Nero. Her husband died in January, 40. While still married, Agrippina participated openly in her brother Caligula's decadent court, where, according to some sources, at his instigation she prostituted herself in a palace. While it was generally agreed that Agrippinilla, as well as her sisters, had ongoing sexual relationships with their brother Caligula, incest was an oft-used criminal accusation against the aristocracy, because it was impossible to refute successfully. As Agrippina and her sister became more problematic for their brother, Caligula sent them into exile for a time, where it is said she was forced to dive for sponges to make a living. In January, 41, Agrippina had a second marriage to the affluent Gaius Sallustius Crispus Passienus. He died between 44 and 47, leaving his estate to Agrippina.

As a widow, Agrippina was courted by the freedman Pallas as a possible marriage match to her own uncle, Emperor Claudius, and became his favourite councillor, even granted the honor of being called Augusta (a title which no other queen had ever received). They were married on New Year's Day of 49, after the death of Claudius's first wife Messalina. Agrippina then proceeded to persuade Claudius to adopt her son, thereby placing Nero in the line of succession to the Imperial throne over Claudius's own son, Brittanicus. A true Imperial politician, Agrippina did not reject murder as a way to win her battles. Many ancient sources credited her with poisoning Claudius in 54 with a plate of poisened mushrooms, hence enabling Nero to quickly take the throne as emperor.

For some time, Agrippina influenced Nero as he was relatively ill-equipped to rule on his own. But Nero eventually felt that she was taking on too much power relative to her position as a woman of Rome. He deprived her of her honours and exiled her from the palace, but that was not enough. Three times Nero tried to poison Agrippina, but she had been raised in the Imperial family and was accustomed to taking antidotes. Nero had a machine built and attached to the roof of her bedroom. The machine was designed to make the ceiling collapse — the plot failed with the machine. According to the historians Tacitus and Suetonius, Nero then plotted her death by sending for her in a boat constructed to collapse, intending to drown Agrippina. However, only some of the crew were in on the plot; their efforts were hampered by the rest of the crew trying to save the ship. As the ship sank, one of her handmaidens thought to save herself by crying that she was Agrippina, thinking they would take special care of her. Instead the maid was instantly beaten to death with oars and chains. The real Agrippina realised what was happening and in the confusion managed to swim away where a passing fisherman picked her up. Terrified that his cover had been blown, Nero instantly sent men to charge her with treason and summarily execute her. Legend states that when the Emperor's soldiers came to kill her, Agrippina pulled back her clothes and ordered them to stab her in the belly that had housed such a monstrous son.

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0060 - Denarius Minucia 134 BC31 viewsObv/Helmeted head of Roma r., behind crossed X.
Rev/TI MINVCI C F on l., RO MA above, AVGVRINI on r.; 2 togate figures, one holding a simpulum, the other a lituus, standing by statue on column.

Ag, 19.0mm, 3.93g
Moneyer: Ti. Minucius C.f. Augurinus.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 243/1 [dies o/r: 76/95] - RCV 120 - Syd. 494 - RSC Minucia 9 - Calicó 1026.
ex-Jean Elsen et Fils, auction 95, lot 311 (ex-colln. A.Senden)
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0061 - Denarius Petilia 43 BC32 viewsObv/ Eagle on thunderbolt r.; above, PETILLIVS; below, CAPITOLINVS.
Rev/ Temple of Jupiter Capitolinus; roof is decorated with armed figure at each side and cuadriga at apex; within pediment, uncertain figure; between central four columns, hanging decorations; on l., S; on r., F.

Ag, 18.0 mm, 3.85 g
Moneyer: Petilllius Capitolinus
Mint: Rome.
RRC 487/2b [dies o/r: 85/74 (all var.] - BMCRR Rome 4222
ex-Spink, auction march 2008, lot 994 (ex-Glendining, auction april 1980, lot 159)
1 commentsdafnis
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0062 - Denarius Cordia 46 BC31 viewsObv/Conjoined heads of the Dioscuri with pilei, r., with star atop; behind, RVFVS III VIR.
Rev/MN CORDIVS, Venus (Aequitas?) standing l., holding scales & scepter.

Ag, 18.9mm, 3.52g
Moneyer: Mn. Cordius Rufus.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 463/1a [dies o/r: 549/610 (1a+1b)] - RCV 440 - Syd. 976-976a - RSC Cordia 1-2c - Sear (Imp.) 63-63a -Calicó 465.
ex-Spink, auction march 2008, lot 994 (ex-Glendining, auction april 1976, lot 140)
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007. Galba (68 AD - 69 AD)154 viewsGALBA. 68-69 AD.

Galba had displayed talent and ambition during his lengthy career. He enjoyed distinguished ancestry, moved easily among the Julio-Claudian emperors (with the exception of Nero towards the end of his principate), and had been awarded the highest military and religious honors of ancient Rome. His qualifications for the principate cannot be questioned. Even so, history has been unkind to him. Tacitus characterized Galba as "weak and old," a man "equal to the imperial office, if he had never held it." To be sure, Galba's greatest mistake lay in his general handling of the military. His treatment of the army in Upper Germany was heedless, his policy towards the praetorians short sighted. Given the climate in 68-69, Galba was unrealistic in expecting disciplina without paying the promised rewards.

AR Denarius (18mm, 2.97 gm). Rome mint. Bare head right / Legend in three lines within oak wreath. RIC I 167; RSC 287. Ex-CNG
2 commentsecoli73
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007. Phocas, 602-610. AE 40 Nummi.46 viewsObv. Bust of Phocas.
Rev. XXXX ANNO II, CONE below
Constantinople Mint, 607.
LordBest
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0071 - Denarius Pomponia 66 BC30 viewsObv/Laureate head of Apollo r., two crossed flutes behind.
Rev/POMPONI MVSA, Euterpe, muse of lyric poetry, standing r., holding two flutes in r. hand.

Ag, 19.6mm, 3.88g
Moneyer: Q Pomponius Musa.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 410/5 [dies o/r: 10/11] - BMCRE Rome 3613 - Syd.815 - RCV 355 - RSC Pomponia 13 - Calicó 1184.
ex-Jesús Vico, auction nov 2008, lot 290
1 commentsdafnis
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0076 - Denarius Fabia 102 BC31 viewsObv/Veiled and turreted bust of Cybele r., behind EX A PV.
Rev/Victory in biga r., symbol below, stork before; C FABI C F in ex.

Ag, 20.0mm, 3.96g
Moneyer: C. Fabius C.f. Hadrianus.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 322/1b [dies o/r: (64)/80] - Syd. 590.
ex-Künker, e-auction dec 2010, lot 776756
1 commentsdafnis
0077.jpg
0077 - Denarius Vibia 48 BC40 viewsObv/Head of Liber r., wearing ivy wreath; behind, PANSA.
Rev/Ceres walking r., carrying torches, plow before.

Ag, 19.0mm, 3.66g
Moneyer: C.Vibius Pansa Caetronianius.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 449/2 [dies o/r: 54/60]
ex-Artemide Aste, auction 5E, lot 1151
2 commentsdafnis
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0078 - Denarius Pomponia 66 BC42 viewsObv/Laureate head of Apollo r.; six pointed star behind.
Rev/Urania, the Muse of Astronomy, standing l., pointing with wand to globe on tripod.

Ag, 17.5mm, 3.87g
Moneyer: Q Pomponius Musa.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 410/8 [dies o/r: 10/11] - Syd. 823
ex-Soler y Llach/Martí Hervera, auction dec 2010, lot 3461
1 commentsdafnis
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0079 - Denarius Tituria 89 BC178 viewsObv/Bearded head of king Tatius r., before TA, behind SABIN.
Rev/Rape of Sabines, two Roman soldiers hurrying l. carrying two Sabines; L TITVRI in ex.

Moneyer: L. Titurius L.f. Sabinus.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 344/1a [dies o/r: 294/327 (1a to 1c)] - Syd. 698
ex-Numismática Ramos
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008. Otho 69 AD318 viewsOTHO. 69 AD.

Otho remains an enigma - part profligate Neronian wastrel and part conscientious military commander willing to give his life for the good of the state. Our sources are at a loss to explain the paradox. Neither Otho's person nor his bearing suggested such great courage. He is said to have been of moderate height, splay-footed and bandy-legged, but almost feminine in his care of his person. He had the hair of his body plucked out, and because of the thinness of his locks wore a wig so carefully fashioned and fitted to his head, that no one suspected it. Moreover, they say that he used to shave every day and smear his face with moist bread, beginning the practice with the appearance of the first down, so as never to have a beard; also that he used to celebrate the rites of Isis publicly in the linen garment prescribed by the cult.

AR Denarius (18mm, 3.20 gm). Bare head left / Securitas standing left, holding wreath and sceptre. RIC I 12; RSC 19. Fine. Ex-CNG
2 commentsecoli73
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0083 - Denarius Vargunteia 130 BC42 viewsObv/Helmeted head of Roma r., behind M VARG, before crossed X.
Rev/Jupiter in slow quadriga r., ROMA in ex.

Ag, 20.5mm, 3.90g
Moneyer: M. Vargunteius.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 257/1 [dies o/r: 107/134] - Syd. 507 - RCV 133
ex-Madrid Coin Market
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0084 - Denarius Calpurnia 67 BC78 viewsObv/Head of Apollo r., hair tied with band; behind, monogram.
Rev/Horseman r., holding palm; above, E retrograde and pellet; below, C PISO L F FRV.

Ag, 18.6mm, 3.45g
Moneyer: C. Calpurnius Piso Frugi.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 408/1b (o: 43 var./r: 47) [dies o/r: 144/175 (all var.)] - Syd. 850
ex-Baldwin's, NY Sale XXV, lot 149
2 commentsdafnis
0087.jpg
0087 - Denarius Aemilia/Plautia 58 BC44 viewsObv/ M SCAVR / AED CVR Kneeling figure r., holding olive branch and reins of camel standing beside him; on either side, EX – S·C. In exergue, REX ARETAS.
Rev/ P HVPSAE / AED CVR Jupiter in quadriga l. holding reins in l. hand and hurling thunderbolt with r.; behind, CAPTV. Below, C HVPSAE COS / PREIVE.

Ag, 18.6 mm, 3.96 g
Moneyers: M. Aemilius Scaurus, P. Plautius Hypsaeus
Mint: Rome.
RRC 422/1b [dies o/r: 336/373] - Bab. Aemilia , Plautia 10 - Syd. 912
ex-CNG Coins, auction e-248, lot 350
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0089 - Denarius Furia 119 BC37 viewsObv/ M FOVRI L F, laureate head of Janus.
Rev/ Roma standing l., holding sceptre in l. hand and crowning trophy with r. hand; behind, ROMA; above, star; on the l. field, trophy surmounted by a helmet in the form of a boar's head and flanked by carnyx and shield on each side; in ex. PHILI.

Ag, 19.1 mm, 3.90 g
Moneyer: M. Furius L.f. Philus.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 281/1 [dies o/r: 393/491] - BMCRR Italy 555 - Bab. Furia 18 - Sydenham 529
ex-inAsta, auction 38, lot 473
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0090 - Denarius Plautia 47 BC27 viewsObv/ Head of Medusa facing, below L PLAVTIVS.
Rev/ Aurora holding palm and leading four horses; below, PLANCVS.

Ag, 19.9 mm, 4.02 g
Moneyer: L.Plautius.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 453/1c [dies o/r: 195/217 (all var.)] - Syd. 959 - RSC Plautia 15
ex-inAsta, auction 38, lot 514
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0093 - Denarius Valeria 82 BC30 viewsObv/ Draped bust of Victory r., wearing pendant earring and necklace, (control letter behind).
Rev/ C VAL FLA (VAL in ligature) on l., IMPERAT on r., EX SC across lower fields, aquila between signa exhibiting vexilla marked H (for hastati) and P (for principes).

Ag, 18.2 mm, 3.47 g
Moneyer: C. Valerius Flaccus.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 365/1a [dies o/r: 36/39 (var. 1a --> 1c)] - Syd. 747a
ex-Tintinna, auction e9, lot 1108
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0095 - Denarius Porcia 110-9 BC43 viewsObv/ Head of Roma in winged helmet r., (above, ROMA), P. LAECA l., X below.
Rev/ Military governor standing l., placing hand over citizen before him; after him, attendant standing r. and holding rods; in ex., PROVOCO.

Ag, 19.1 mm, 3.91 g
Moneyer: P. Porcius Laeca.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 301/1 [dies o/r: 88/110] - Syd. 571 - RSC Porcia 4
ex-AENP Coin Convention Valencia, feb 2011
1 commentsdafnis
0096.jpg
0096 - Denarius Aelia 138 AC27 viewsObv/ Head of Roma r. in winged helmet, X behind.
Rev/ Dioscuri galloping r., two stars above, P PAETVS below, ROMA in ex.

Ag, 21.0 mm, 3.84 g
Moneyer: P. Aelius Paetus.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 233/1 [dies o/r: 73/91] - Syd. 455 - RSC Aelia 3
ex-AENP Coin Convention Valencia, feb 2012
dafnis
0099.jpg
0099 - Denarius Coelia 104 BC46 viewsObv/ Head of Roma l.
Rev/ Victory in biga left, C COIL below horses: above, A with point below; CALD in ex.

Ag, 19.0 mm, 3.94 g
Moneyer: C. Coelius Caldus.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 318/1a [dies o/r: 72/90] - Syd. 582 - Bab. Coelia 2
ex-Jesús Vico, auction 125, lot 208
1 commentsdafnis
V541.jpg
00a Domitian as Caesar RIC 541338 viewsAR Denarius, 3.46g
Rome mint, 73 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAES AVG F DOMIT COS II; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: No legend; Domitian on horse l.; r. hand raised, sceptre in l.
RIC 541 (R2). BMC 129 var. RSC 664. BNC 105 var.
Ex Gemini X, 13 January 2013, Harry N. Sneh Collection, lot 701. = Helios, ebay, 29 November 2010 (A. Lynn Collection).

This is an extremely rare denarius of Domitian as Caesar, the second earliest minted at Rome. Here the legend is clockwise, the much more common Domitian on horseback type has the legend anticlockwise. The reverse may allude to Domitian's participation in Vespasian and Titus' joint triumph where he rode a 'magnificent' steed. The obverse is a die match with the RIC plate coin from Oxford.

The early portrait on this one is quite outstanding.
18 commentsDavid Atherton
philip-I_tetradrachm_laureate-bust-right-cuirassed_obv_03_rev_04.JPG
01 - Philip I Tetradrachm - Laureate bust left, seen from front, cuirassed. Head of Medusa on breastplate. 45 viewsTetradrachm of Antioch, Syria.
Dated Year 3 of reign.
obv: Laureate, cuirassed bust left, seen from the front, breastplate decorated with a gorgoneion/medusa head.

rev: Eagle standing facing left, tail right. Wreath in its beak, ANTIOXIA SC below.
2 commentsrexesq
antioch_AD244-249_tetradrachm_philip_13_9grams_regnal-year-3_01~0.JPG
01 - Philip I Tetradrachm - Radiate bust left, seen from front, cuirassed. Medusa Head on breastplate.86 viewsPhilip I AR Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria.
Dated Year 3.
obv: AYTOK K M IOYLI FILIPPOC CEB - radiate, cuirassed bust left, seen from the front, breastplate decorated with a gorgoneion/medusa head.
rev: DHMARC EXOVCIAC VPATO G - eagle standing facing with wings spread, head right with wreath in its beak, ANTIOXIA SC below.
13.9grams. - Prieur 357
3 commentsrexesq
01-Diocletian-Cyz-306.jpg
01 Diocletian: Cyzicus antoninianus.39 viewsAntoninianus; 284 - 295 AD, Cyzicus mint.
Obverse: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG / Radiate bust of Diocletian.
Reverse: CONCORDIA MILITVM / Diocletian standing, holding sceptre, receiving globe (surmounted by Victory) from Jupiter, also standing and holding sceptre. E between them; XXI in exergue.
3.73 gm., 21 mm.
RIC #306; Sear #12635.

Attribution to Cyzicus: The CONCORDIA MILITVM reverse was used extensively by the mints at Siscia, Heraclea, Cyzicus, and Antioch. Siscia had only 3 officina (A B Γ), so that one can be eliminated. Heraclea and Antioch always use P F in the obverse legend (inscription #3), so those two can be eliminated. Pages 210 - 211 of RIC assign to Cyzicus coins with the word MILITVM broken between the I and L.
Callimachus
V669a.jpg
01 Domitian as Caesar RIC 66927 viewsÆ As, 11.05g
Rome mint, 73-74 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIAN COS II; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PAX AVGVST; S C in field; Pax stg. l., leaning on column, with caduceus and branch
RIC 669 (C). BMC -. BNC 699.
Acquired from Musa Numismatics, August 2019.

The propaganda value of Pax for the Flavian dynasty after the Civil War, the revolt of Civilis, and the Jewish War cannot be underestimated. In her various guises she is one of the most popular types on Vespasian's coinage and shows up quite frequently during the reign on the coins struck for both himself and his sons. This As struck for Domitian as Caesar shows Pax leaning on a column, which likely copies a well known cult image of the goddess.

Tellingly, less than a decade later, Pax would not feature so prominently on Domitian's own coinage as Emperor.

Fine style early portrait.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
AS Augusto RIC 379~0.jpg
01-14 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)91 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 27 mm 9.0 gr.
Legado Monetario C GALLIUS LUPERCUS

Anv: "[CAE]SAR AVGVSTVS TRI
BV[NIC POTEST]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "C·GAL[LIVS C F LVPERCVS III V]IR A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuñación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuñada 16 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #379 Pag.70 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1679 Pag.330 - BMCRE #174 (=BMCRR #4510) - Cohen Vol.1 #436 Pag.124 - DVM #99a Pag.71 - CBN #428
mdelvalle
RIC_379_AS_Octavio_Augusto.jpg
01-14 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)27 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 27 mm 9.0 gr.
Legado Monetario C GALLIUS LUPERCUS

Anv: "[CAE]SAR AVGVSTVS TRI
BV[NIC POTEST]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "C·GAL[LIVS C F LVPERCVS III V]IR A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuñación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuñada 16 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #379 Pag.70 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1679 Pag.330 - BMCRE #174 (=BMCRR #4510) - Cohen Vol.1 #436 Pag.124 - DVM #99a Pag.71 - CBN #428
mdelvalle
AS Augusto RIC 386.jpg
01-15 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)56 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 25 mm 8.4 gr.
Legado Monetario L SURDINUS

Anv: "CAESAR AVGVSTVS TRIBVNIC POTEST" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[L] SVRDINVS [III VIR A A A F F]" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuñación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuñada 15 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #386 Pag.70 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1683 Pag.331 - BMCRE #144 (=BMCRR #4631) - Cohen Vol.1 #473 Pag.131 - DVM #99 var Pag.71 - CBN #483
mdelvalle
RIC_386_AS_Octavio_Augusto.jpg
01-15 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)27 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 25 mm 8.4 gr.
Legado Monetario L SURDINUS

Anv: "CAESAR AVGVSTVS TRIBVNIC POTEST" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[L] SVRDINVS [III VIR A A A F F]" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuñación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuñada 15 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #386 Pag.70 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1683 Pag.331 - BMCRE #144 (=BMCRR #4631) - Cohen Vol.1 #473 Pag.131 - DVM #99 var Pag.71 - CBN #483
mdelvalle
AS Augusto RIC 379.jpg
01-17 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)59 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 27 x 29 mm 9.9 gr.
Legado Monetario C PLOTIUS RUFUS

Anv: "[CAESAR AVGVSTVS TRIBVNIC POTEST]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "C·PLOT[IVS·RVFVS·III VIR A·A·]A·F·F·" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuñación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuñada 15 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #389 Pag.71 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1680 Pag.330 - BMCRE #153 (=BMCRR #4639) - Cohen Vol.1 #504 Pag.137 - DVM #99d Pag.71 - CBN #503/12
mdelvalle
RIC_389_AS_Octavio_Augusto.jpg
01-17 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)23 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 27 x 29 mm 9.9 gr.
Legado Monetario C PLOTIUS RUFUS

Anv: "[CAESAR AVGVSTVS TRIBVNIC POTEST]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "C·PLOT[IVS·RVFVS·III VIR A·A·]A·F·F·" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuñación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuñada 15 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #389 Pag.71 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1680 Pag.330 - BMCRE #153 (=BMCRR #4639) - Cohen Vol.1 #504 Pag.137 - DVM #99d Pag.71 - CBN #503/12
mdelvalle
AS Augusto RIC 427.jpg
01-23 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)59 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 24 mm 8.3 gr.
Legado Monetario PLURIUS AGRIPPA

Anv: "[CA]ESAR AVGVS[T PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PLVRIVS AGRIPPA [III VIR A A A F F]" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuñación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuñada 7 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #427 Pag.75 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1686 Pag.331 - BMCRE #209 - Cohen Vol.1 #445 Pag.126 - DVM #100a Pag.71 - CBN #623
mdelvalle
RIC_427_AS_Octavio_Augusto.jpg
01-23 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)19 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 24 mm 8.3 gr.
Legado Monetario PLURIUS AGRIPPA

Anv: "[CA]ESAR AVGVS[T PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PLVRIVS AGRIPPA [III VIR A A A F F]" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuñación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuñada 7 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #427 Pag.75 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1686 Pag.331 - BMCRE #209 - Cohen Vol.1 #445 Pag.126 - DVM #100a Pag.71 - CBN #623
mdelvalle
AS Augusto RIC 431.jpg
01-24 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)74 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 28 mm 11.7 gr.
Legado Monetario M SALVIUS OTHO

Anv: "CAESAR AVGVST[PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "M SALVIVS OTH[O III VI]R A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuñación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuñada 7 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #431 Pag.75 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1685 Pag.331 - BMCRE #226 (=BMCRR #4693) - Cohen Vol.1 #515 Pag.139 - DVM #100b Pag.71 - CBN #687
mdelvalle
RIC_431_AS_Octavio_Augusto.jpg
01-24 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)22 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 28 mm 11.7 gr.
Legado Monetario M SALVIUS OTHO

Anv: "CAESAR AVGVST[PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "M SALVIVS OTH[O III VI]R A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuñación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuñada 7 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #431 Pag.75 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1685 Pag.331 - BMCRE #226 (=BMCRR #4693) - Cohen Vol.1 #515 Pag.139 - DVM #100b Pag.71 - CBN #687
mdelvalle
AS Augusto RIC 431_1.jpg
01-25 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)62 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 25 mm 7.3 gr.
Legado Monetario M SALVIUS OTHO

Anv: "CAESAR AVGVST [PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "M SALVIVS OTH[O III VI]R A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuñación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuñada 7 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #431 Pag.75 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1685 Pag.331 - BMCRE #226 (=BMCRR #4693) - Cohen Vol.1 #515 Pag.139 - DVM #100b Pag.71 - CBN #687
mdelvalle
RIC_431_AS_Octavio_Augusto_1.jpg
01-25 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)22 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 25 mm 7.3 gr.
Legado Monetario M SALVIUS OTHO

Anv: "CAESAR AVGVST [PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "M SALVIVS OTH[O III VI]R A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuñación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuñada 7 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #431 Pag.75 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1685 Pag.331 - BMCRE #226 (=BMCRR #4693) - Cohen Vol.1 #515 Pag.139 - DVM #100b Pag.71 - CBN #687
mdelvalle
AS Augusto RIC 432.jpg
01-26 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)107 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 27 mm 9.6 gr.
Legado Monetario M SALVIUS OTHO

Anv: "[CAE]SAR AVGVST PONT [MAX TRIBVNIC POT]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a izquierda.
Rev: "M SALVI[VS OT]HO III VIR A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuñación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuñada 7 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #432 Pag.75 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1685 var Pag.331 - Cohen Vol.1 #516 Pag.139 - DVM #100b var Pag.71 - CBN #708
mdelvalle
RIC_432_AS_Octavio_Augusto.jpg
01-26 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)25 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 27 mm 9.6 gr.
Legado Monetario M SALVIUS OTHO

Anv: "[CAE]SAR AVGVST PONT [MAX TRIBVNIC POT]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a izquierda.
Rev: "M SALVI[VS OT]HO III VIR A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuñación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuñada 7 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #432 Pag.75 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1685 var Pag.331 - Cohen Vol.1 #516 Pag.139 - DVM #100b var Pag.71 - CBN #708
mdelvalle
AS Augusto RIC 439.jpg
01-28 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.) 65 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 23 mm 7.9 gr.
Legado Monetario SEX NONIUS QUINCTILIAN

Anv: "CAESAR AVG[VST PONT MAX TRI]BVNIC POT" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[SEX N]ONIVS QVINC[TIL]IAN III VIR A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuñación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuñada 6 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #439 Pag.76 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1687 Pag.331 - BMCRE #237 (=BMCRR #4667) - Cohen Vol.1 #474 Pag.76 - CBN #725
mdelvalle
RIC_439_AS_Octavio_Augusto.jpg
01-28 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.) 24 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 23 mm 7.9 gr.
Legado Monetario SEX NONIUS QUINCTILIAN

Anv: "CAESAR AVG[VST PONT MAX TRI]BVNIC POT" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[SEX N]ONIVS QVINC[TIL]IAN III VIR A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuñación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuñada 6 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #439 Pag.76 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1687 Pag.331 - BMCRE #237 (=BMCRR #4667) - Cohen Vol.1 #474 Pag.76 - CBN #725
mdelvalle
Cuadrante AUGUSTO RIC 420.jpg
01-38 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)59 viewsAE Cuadrante (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 17 mm 2.7 gr.
Legados Monetarios LAMIA, SILIUS y ANNIUS.

Anv: "LAMIA SILIVS ANNIVS" - Dos manos tomadas (Apretón de manos) que rodeán un Caduceo.
Rev: "III VIR A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".

Acuñada 9 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #420 var Pag.74 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1693 Pag.332/3 - Cohen Vol.1 #338 Pag.108 - BMCRE #200 (=BMCRR #4617) - CBN #568
mdelvalle
RIC_I_420v_Cuadrante_Octavio_Augusto.jpg
01-38 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)16 viewsAE Cuadrante (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 17 mm 2.7 gr.
Legados Monetarios LAMIA, SILIUS y ANNIUS.

Anv: "LAMIA SILIVS ANNIVS" - Dos manos tomadas (Apretón de manos) que rodeán un Caduceo.
Rev: "III VIR A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".

Acuñada 9 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #420 var Pag.74 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1693 Pag.332/3 - Cohen Vol.1 #338 Pag.108 - BMCRE #200 (=BMCRR #4617) - CBN #568
mdelvalle
Cuadrante AUGUSTO RIC 443var.jpg
01-40 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)78 viewsAE Cuadrante (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 18 mm 2.7 gr.
4 Legados Monetarios fueron designados cada año en 5 y 4 A.C., aunque curiosamente continuaron labrándose “triunviro III VIR”. Las cuñaciones en 5 A.C. (Legados APRONIUS, GALUS, MESSALLA y SISENNA) son desconcertantemente complejas, exhibiendo una multiplicidad de combinaciones de los cuatro nombres en anverso y reverso.

Anv: "MESSALLA SISENNA III VIR" - Leyenda alrededor de un yunque o altar.
Rev: "GALVS APRONIVS A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".

Las leyendas NO coinciden con las listadas en toda la Bibliografía que poseo, solo en RIC Vol.1 Nota de pié de página 77 menciona que CBN #777/8 lista 2 "imitaciones" con la leyenda coincidente con esta moneda, al no lucir como imitaciones RIC las atribuye a simples confusiones de los acuñadores al permutar las leyendas
Acuñada 5 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #447 var Pag.77 - CBN #777/8 (Como Imitaciones) - Sear RCTV #1699-1702 var Pag.333/4 - Cohen Vol.1 #420/25 var Pag.122 - DVM #110 var Pag.71 - BMCRE #258n
mdelvalle
RIC_I_447_Cuadrante_Octavio_Augusto.jpg
01-40 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)24 viewsAE Cuadrante (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 18 mm 2.7 gr.
4 Legados Monetarios fueron designados cada año en 5 y 4 A.C., aunque curiosamente continuaron labrándose “triunviro III VIR”. Las cuñaciones en 5 A.C. (Legados APRONIUS, GALUS, MESSALLA y SISENNA) son desconcertantemente complejas, exhibiendo una multiplicidad de combinaciones de los cuatro nombres en anverso y reverso.

Anv: "MESSALLA SISENNA III VIR" - Leyenda alrededor de un yunque o altar.
Rev: "GALVS APRONIVS A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".

Las leyendas NO coinciden con las listadas en toda la Bibliografía que poseo, solo en RIC Vol.1 Nota de pié de página 77 menciona que CBN #777/8 lista 2 "imitaciones" con la leyenda coincidente con esta moneda, al no lucir como imitaciones RIC las atribuye a simples confusiones de los acuñadores al permutar las leyendas

Acuñada 5 A.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #447 var Pag.77 - CBN #777/8 (Como Imitaciones) - Sear RCTV #1699-1702 var Pag.333/4 - Cohen Vol.1 #420/25 var Pag.122 - DVM #110 var Pag.71 - BMCRE #258n
mdelvalle
BMC_XXVI__62_Augusto_BERYTOS_FENICIA.jpg
01-80 - Beritos - Fenicia - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)19 viewsAE22 22 mm 12.0 gr.
Acuñada a Divo Augusto durante el reinado de Trajano.
La Colonia Iulia Augusta Felix Berytus fue fundada por veteranos de las 5ta. y 8va. legione, probablemente en el 14 A.C.

Anv: " DIVOS AVGVSTVS " Cabeza desnuda de Augusto viendo a derecha.
Rev: "COL·/ IVL " (en campo centro alto), "AVG" (en campo derecho) y , "BER" (en campo izquierdo), rodeando a Fundador velado, arando a derecha con un buey y una vaca .

Acuñada probablemente 98–102 D.C.
Ceca: Beritos - Fenicia

Referencias: RPC I #1651 Pag.308 - Sawaya 2009 #565 Pag.37 - BMC Phoenicia #65-5 Pag.60
mdelvalle
01-Constantine-II-Sis-95.jpg
01. Constantine II / 2 soldiers and standard.58 viewsAE 4, 337 - 341, Siscia mint.
Obverse: CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG / Diademed bust of Constantine II.
Reverse: GLORIA EXERCITVS / Two soldiers, each holding spear and shield, one standard between them. Christogram on standard.
Mint mark: ASIS (crescent and dot)
1.70 gm., 15 mm.
RIC #95; LRBC #770; Sear #17432.

Several mints used the title MAX for all three sons of Constantine the Great for a short time after his death. It's use on coins of Constantius II and Constans was quickly dropped, and P F (Pius Felix) was used instead, reserving MAX for the senior emperor (Constantine II).
Callimachus
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01. MARONEIA10 views14 mm, 2,6 grdiliuspius
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01.- A. Postumius Serrate Denarius (81 BC)12 viewsA. Postumius A.f. Sp.n. Albinus. 81 BC. AR Serrate Denarius (18.7 mm, 3.85 g.). Draped bust of Diana right, with bow and quiver over shoulder; bucranium above / Togate figure standing left on rock, holding aspergillum over head of ox standing right; lighted altar between them. VF, toned.
Purchased at Aureo & Calico auction in 2015.
1 commentsOscar D
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01.- Attica Tetradrachm (454-404 BC)23 viewsATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm (22mm, 17.09 g, 8h). Helmeted head of Athena right / Owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig and crescent behind; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597. VF, lightly toned, minor area of porosity on obverse, graffito and slight die shift on reverse.
Purchased at Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. auction in 2015.
3 commentsOscar D
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010 Augustus161 viewsDivus Augustus Æ As. Commemorative by Tiberius. DIVVS AVGVSTVS PATER, radiate head left, thunderbolt before / Eagle standing on globe facing, wings spread, head right, S C at sides. RIC 82 [Tiberius]


"I found Rome built of bricks; I leave her clothed in marble."


This was one of my first ancients, it was my first early imperial.
1 commentsrandy h2
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010 Augustus63 viewsAugustus Æ As. Struck 16 BC, C Cassius Celer, moneyer. CAESAR AVGVSTVS TRINVNIC POTEST, bust right / C CASSIVS CELER IIIVIR AAAFF around large S C. RIC 376. C. 409. BMC 169.Randygeki(h2)
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010 TITUS36 viewsEMPEROR: Titus
DENOMINATION: Denarius
OBVERSE: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M, laureate head right
REVERSE: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, throne with back in form of a diadem
DATE: 80 AD
MINT: Roma
WEIGHT: 3.31 g
RIC: II.24a (C)
1 commentsBarnaba6
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010. Vespasian 69 AD - 79 AD36 viewsVespasian

The character of this emperor showed very little, if anything, of the pagan tyrant. Though himself a man of no literary culture, he became the protector of his prisoner of war, the Jewish historian Josephus, a worshipper of the One God, and even permitted him the use of his own family name (Flavius). While this generosity may have been in some degree prompted by Josephus's shrewd prophecy of Vespasian's elevation to the purple, there are other instances of his disposition to reward merit in those with whom he was by no means personally sympathetic. Vespasian has the distinction of being the first Roman Emperor to transmit the purple to his own son; he is also noteworthy in Roman imperial history as having very nearly completed his seventieth year and died a natural death: being in feeble health, he had withdrawn to benefit by the purer air of his native Reate, in the "dewy fields" (rosei campi) of the Sabine country. By his wife, Flavia Domitilla, he left two sons, Titus and Domitian, and a daughter, Domitilla, through whom the name of Vespasian's empress was passed on to a granddaughter who is revered as a confessor of the Faith.

A man of strict military discipline and simple tastes, Vespasian proved to be a conscientious and generally tolerant administrator. More importantly, following the upheavals of A.D. 68-69, his reign was welcome for its general tranquility and restoration of peace. In Vespasian Rome found a leader who made no great breaks with tradition, yet his ability ro rebuild the empire and especially his willingness to expand the composition of the governing class helped to establish a positive working model for the "good emperors" of the second century. In contrast to his immediate imperial predecessors, Vespasian died peacefully - at Aquae Cutiliae near his birthplace in Sabine country on 23 June, A.D. 79, after contracting a brief illness. The occasion is said to have inspired his deathbed quip: "Oh my, I must be turning into a god!"

Denarius. IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII, laureate head right / VES-TA to either side of Vesta standing left, holding simpulum & scepter. RSC 574
ecoli
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0100 - Denarius Furia 63 BC28 viewsObv/ Bust of Ceres r., wheat-ear behind; ear of barley before; III-VIR across fields; BROCCHI below.
Rev/ Curule chair between fasces; L FVRI CN F above.

Ag, 20.7 mm, 3.94 g
Moneyer: L. Furius Cn. f. Brocchus .
Mint: Rome.
RRC 414/1 [dies o/r: 110/122] - Syd. 902a
ex-Jesús Vico, auction 125, lot 221
dafnis
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0101 - Denarius Marcia 82 AC34 viewsObv/ Laureate head of Apollo r.
Rev/ Marsyas walking l. bearing wine skin on shoulder; behind, statue of Victory on column: before, L CENSOR.

Ag, 17.5 mm, 3.78 g
Moneyer: L. Censorinus.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 363/1d [dies o/r: ~197/~228] - Syd. 737 - RSC Marcia 24
ex-M.Iglesias Alvarez, march 2011 (ex - Jesús Vico, auction 125, lot 232)
1 commentsdafnis
Caligula_AE-As_C-CAESAR-AVG-GERMANICVS-PON-M-TR-POT_VESTA_S-C_RIC-38_BMC-46_C-27_Rome-40-41-AD_Q-001_27mm_10,34g-s.jpg
011 Gaius (Caligula) (37-41 A.D.), RIC I 038, Rome, AE-As, VESTA, S-C, Vesta seated left on throne, #1365 views011 Gaius (Caligula) (37-41 A.D.), RIC I 038, Rome, AE-As, VESTA, S-C, Vesta seated left on throne, #1
avers: C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT, Bare head left.
reverse: VESTA, Vesta seated left on throne, holding patera and scepter. S-C across the field,
exergue: S/C//--, diameter: 27mm, weight: 10,34g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 40-41, ref: RIC I 038, BMC-46, C-27,
Q-001
quadrans
Germanicus_AE-AS_C-CAESAR-DIVI-AVG-PRON-AVG-P-M-TR-P-IIII-P-P_VESTA_S-C_RIC-54_BMC-73_C-29_Rome-39-40-AD_Q-001_axis-7h_26-28mm_10,25g-s.jpg
011 Gaius (Caligula) (37-41 A.D.), RIC I 054, Rome, AE-As, VESTA, S-C, Vesta seated left on throne,302 views011 Gaius (Caligula) (37-41 A.D.), RIC I 054, Rome, AE-As, VESTA, S-C, Vesta seated left on throne,
avers: C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG P M TR P IIII P P, Bare head left.
reverse: VESTA, Vesta seated left on throne, holding patera and scepter. S-C across the field,
exergue: S/C//--, diameter: 26-28mm, weight: 10,25g, axes: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 39-40, ref: RIC I 054, BMC-73, C-29,
Q-001
quadrans
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011. Titus 79-81 AD28 viewsTitus. 79-81 AD.

Titus was the beneficiary of considerable intelligence and talent, endowments that were carefully cultivated at every step of his career, from his early education to his role under his father's principate. Cassius Dio suggested that Titus' reputation was enhanced by his early death. [[17]] It is true that the ancient sources tend to heroicize Titus, yet based upon the evidence, his reign must be considered a positive one. He capably continued the work of his father in establishing the Flavian dynasty and he maintained a high degree of economic and administrative competence in Italy and beyond. In so doing, he solidified the role of the emperor as paternalistic autocrat, a model that would serve Trajan and his successors well.

AR Denarius (3.44 gm). Laureate head right/Radiate figure on rostral column. RIC II 16a; BMCRE 29; RSC 289. Fine. Scarce and interesting reverse type. Ex-CNG
ecoli
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0111 - Denarius Caecilia 81 BC84 viewsObv/ Diademed head of Pietas r., stork before.
Rev/ Elephant walking l., Q C M P I in ex.

Ag, 17.9 mm, 3.35 g
Moneyer: Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius.
Mint: North Italy.
RRC 374/1 [dies o/r: 88/98] - Syd. 750 - RSC Caecilia 43
ex-Gerhard Hirsch, auction may 2011, lot 411
dafnis
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0115 - Denarius Julia Domna 198-209 AC8 viewsObv/ IVLIA AVGVSTA, draped bust of J.D. r.
Rev/ PVDICITIA, Pudicitia veiled and draped, seated on stool., r.h. closing on breast, head front, resting l. elbow on throne.

Ag, 18.9 mm, 3.32 g
Mint: Roma.
BMCRE V/74 – RIC IV.1/576 [C]
ex-Numismatik Lanz, eBay june 2011 - art. #230623761581
dafnis
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0119 - Denarius Septimius Severus 194-5 AC12 viewsObv/ IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, laureate head of S.S. r.
Rev/ MONET AVG, Moneta draped, standing facing, head l., holding scales and cornucopia.

Ag, 18.3 mm, 2.81 g
Mint: Emesa (?).
BMCRE V/384 – RIC IV.1/411a [C]
ex-Numismatik Lanz, eBay june 2011 - art. #300568006682
dafnis
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012 - Hadrian (117-138 AD), denarius - RIC 39b41 viewsObv: IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG, laureate heroic bust right, draped on left shoulder.
Rev: P M TR P COS III and CONCORD in exe, Concordia seated left, holding patera, resting elbow on statue of Spes, cornucopia below throne.
Minted in Rome [119-122 AD?]

This coin has ben donated to Soderakra local historical society (Sweden) as there some years ago was found a denarius of this type in an Iron Age grave at this location. This enables the society to display a coin of the very same type even though the actual grave find is locked up in a central collection.
pierre_p77
Claudius_TI-CLAVDIVS-CAESAR-AVG-P-M-TR-P-IMP____EX-S-C-P-P-OB-CIVES-SERVATOS_RIC-I-112_C-38_Q-001_34-36mm_23,63g-s.jpg
012 Claudius-I (41-54 A.D.), RIC I 112var. (?), Thracian ?, AE-Sestertius, EX-S-C/P-P/OB-CIVES/SERVATOS, Rare !!!,370 views012 Claudius-I (41-54 A.D.), RIC I 112var. (?), Thracian ?, AE-Sestertius, EX-S-C/P-P/OB-CIVES/SERVATOS, Rare !!!,
Claudius became “Father of the Country” in 50 AD, and this title was added to the coinage, at the end of the legend, with it’s abbreviation: PP. The reverse legend translates to “For Saving the Lives of Citizens.
avers:- TI-CLAVDIVS-CAESAR-AVG-P-M-TR-P-IMP-P-P, laureate head of Claudius right
revers:- No legend - Wreath, EX-S-C/P-P/OB-CIVES/SERVATOS within,
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 34-36mm, weight: 23,63g, axis:11h,
mint:Thracian ?, date: 50-54 A.D., ref: RIC-I-112, C-38,
Q-001
"RIC is in error to state that P P only appeared on Claudius' bronze coins in 50 AD. In fact Claudius became P P very early in 42 AD, and P P appeared immediately not only on his quadrantes, which are specifically dated to 42 by the title COS II, but also on his sestertii and middle bronzes.
Stylistically your coin should not be attributed to Rome, but to a Thracian mint perhaps active only towards the end of the reign. These coins, scarcer than the Rome-mint ones, are not recognized in RIC!" by Curtis Clay. Thank you "curtisclay".
5 commentsquadrans
Claudius_AE-Sest_TI-CLAVDIVS-CAESAR-AVG-P-M-TR-P-IMP-P-P_EX-S-C-P-P-OB-CIVES-SERVATOS_RIC-I-112_C-38_Q-001_11h_34-36mm_23,63ga-s.jpg
012 Claudius-I (41-54 A.D.), RIC I 112var. (?), Thracian ?, AE-Sestertius, EX-S-C/P-P/OB-CIVES/SERVATOS, Rare !!!, Re-Shot !342 views012 Claudius-I (41-54 A.D.), RIC I 112var. (?), Thracian ?, AE-Sestertius, EX-S-C/P-P/OB-CIVES/SERVATOS, Rare !!!, Re-Shot !
Claudius became “Father of the Country” in 50 AD, and this title was added to the coinage, at the end of the legend, with it’s abbreviation: PP. The reverse legend translates to “For Saving the Lives of Citizens.
avers:- TI-CLAVDIVS-CAESAR-AVG-P-M-TR-P-IMP-P-P, laureate head of Claudius right
revers:- No legend - Wreath, EX-S-C/P-P/OB-CIVES/SERVATOS within,
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 34-36mm, weight: 23,63g, axis:11h,
mint:Thracian ?, date: 50-54 A.D., ref: RIC-I-112, C-38,
Q-001
"RIC is in error to state that P P only appeared on Claudius' bronze coins in 50 AD. In fact Claudius became P P very early in 42 AD, and P P appeared immediately not only on his quadrantes, which are specifically dated to 42 by the title COS II, but also on his sestertii and middle bronzes.
Stylistically your coin should not be attributed to Rome, but to a Thracian mint perhaps active only towards the end of the reign. These coins, scarcer than the Rome-mint ones, are not recognized in RIC!" by Curtis Clay. Thank you "curtisclay".
1 commentsquadrans
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012. Domitian 81-96 AD60 viewsDomitian

As emperor, Domitian was to become one of Rome's foremost micro managers, especially concerning the economy. Domitian's reach extended well beyond the economy. Late in A.D. 85 he made himself censor perpetuus, censor for life, with a general supervision of conduct and morals. The move was without precedent and, although largely symbolic, it nevertheless revealed Domitian's obsessive interest in all aspects of Roman life. While the military abilities of Vespasian and Titus were genuine, those of Domitian were not. Partly as an attempt to remedy this deficiency, Domitian frequently became involved in his own military exploits outside of Rome. He claimed a triumph in A.D. 83 for subduing the Chatti in Gaul, but the conquest was illusory.

as Caesar, AR Denarius. 76 AD. CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS, laureate head right / COS IIII, Pegasus walking right. RSC 47
ecoli
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0121 - Denarius Cipia 115-4 BC42 viewsObv/ Helmeted head of Roma r.; before, M CIPI MF; behind, X.
Rev/ Victory in biga r., holding reins and palm-branch tied with fillet; below, rudder; in ex. ROMA.

Ag, 17.5 mm, 3.93 g
Moneyer: M. Cipius M.f.
Mint: Roma.
RRC 289/1 [dies o/r: 535/669] - Bab. Cipia 1 - Syd. 546
ex-Numismática Hinojosa, eBay june 2011 - art. #350470428453
dafnis
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0126 - Denarius Marcia 56 BC104 viewsObv/ Diademed head of Ancus Marcius r.; behind, lituus and below, ANCVS.
Rev/ Equestrian statue standing on aqueduct, behind PHILIPPVS; at horse’s feet, flower. Below, AQVA MAR ligate within the arches of the aqueduct.

Ag, 20.0 mm, 3.37 g
Moneyer: L. Marcius Philippus.
Mint: Roma.
RRC 425/1 [dies o/r: 447/497] - Syd. 919 - Bab. Marcia 28
ex-J.B. González Redondo (denarios.org), jul 2011 (ex–CNG, auction e228, lot 274)
dafnis
012_Claudius_AE-22_TI-KLAV-KAISAR-SEVASTOS-GERM_THESSALONEIKEON-TEOS-SEVASTOS_RPC-1578_Varb-4238_41-45-AD_Q-001_6h_20-22mm_9,86gx-s.jpg
012p Claudius-I (41-54 A.D.), Macedonia, Thessalonica, RPC-1578, AE-21, ΘEΣΣAΛONEIKEON ΘEOΣ ΣEBAΣTOΣ, 129 views012p Claudius-I (41-54 A.D.), Macedonia, Thessalonica, RPC-1578, AE-21, ΘEΣΣAΛONEIKEON ΘEOΣ ΣEBAΣTOΣ,
avers:- ΤΙ-ΚΛΑΥ-ΚΑΙΣΑΡ-ΣΕΒΑΣΤΟΣ-ΓΕΡΜ, Laureate head of Claudius left
revers:- ΘΕΣΣΑΛΟΝΕΙΚΕΟΝ-ΘΕΟΣ-ΣΕΒΑΣΤΟΣ, Radiate head of Augustus right.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 20-21,5mm, weight: 9,86g, axis: 6h,
mint: Macedonia, Thessalonica, date: 41-45 A.D., ref: RPC-1578, Varbanov-4235-38,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Brutus-Syd-907.jpg
013. M. Junius Brutus.58 viewsDenarius, 54 BC, Rome mint.
Obverse: BRVTVS / Bust of L. Junius Brutus.
Reverse: AHALA / Bust of C. Servilius Ahala.
4.09 gm., 19 mm.
Syd. #907; RSC #Junia 30; Sear #398.

The moneyer of this coin is the same Brutus who killed Julius Caesar. However, this coin was minted about a decade earlier. It portrays two ancestors of Brutus:

1. L. Junius Brutus lead the Romans to expel their king L. Tarquinius Superbus. He was one of the founding fathers of the Roman Republic, and was elected one of the first consuls in 509 BC.

2. C. Cervilius Ahala. In 439 BC, during a food shortage in Rome, Spurius Maelius, the richest patrician, bought as much food as he could and sold it cheaply to the people. The Romans, always fearful of kings, thought he wanted to be king. So an emergency was declared and L. Cincinnatus was proclaimed Dictator. Maelius was ordered to appear before Cincinnatus, but refused. So Ahala, as Magister Equitam, killed him in the Forum. Ahala was tried for this act, but escaped condemnation by voluntary exile.
4 commentsCallimachus
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0130 - Drachm Alexander III the Great 310-01 BC52 viewsObv/ Head of Heracles r. wearing lion-skin headdress.
Rev/ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, Zeus Aëtophoros seated on backless throne l., holding eagle on outstretched r.h. and scepter in l.h.; under throne, monogram; before, Φ.

Ag, 18.0 mm, 4.15 g
Mint: Colophon.
Price 1828
ex-Numismatik Lanz, eBay jul 2011 - art. #300569784336
1 commentsdafnis
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013a Caligula. AE AS 11.3gm49 viewsobv: C AESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT bare head l.
rev: VESTA/SC Vesta veiled and drp., seated l. on ornamental throne,
holding petera l. long scepter
hill132
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013b Caligula. AE AS 10.86gm38 viewsobv: C CAESAR AVG GERMANCVS PON M TR POT bare head l.
rev: VESTA/SC vesta veiled and drp. seated l. on ornamental throne,
holding patera, l. long sceptre
1 commentshill132
Nero_AE-AS_IMP-NERO-CAESAR-AVG-GERM_PACE-PR-VBIQ-PARTA-IANVM-CLVSIT_S-C_RIC-348_C-_Rome_66-AD_Q-001_6h_27mm_11,14g-s.jpg
014 Nero (54-68 A.D.), RIC I 0348, Rome, AE-As, PACE PR VBIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT, S-C,116 views014 Nero (54-68 A.D.), RIC I 0348, Rome, AE-As, PACE PR VBIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT, S-C,
avers: IMP-NERO-CAESAR-AVG-GERM, Laureate head left.
revers: PACE-PR-VBIQ-PARTA-IANVM-CLVSIT, View of one front of the temple of Janus, with latticed window to left, and garland hung across closed double doors on the right, S C across fields.
exe: S/C//--, diameter: 27mm, weight: 11,14g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 66 AD., ref: RIC-348, C-,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Uncia_AES_Grave_14.jpg
014/6 AES Grave Uncia41 viewsAnonymous. AES Grave Uncia. 280-276 BC. (27.79g) Obv: Knucklebone; below, one pellet (indistinct). Rev: Central pellet in high relief.
Crawford 14/6; Sydenham 13
Paddy
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0140 - Denarius Plancia 55 BC39 viewsObv/ Head of Diana Planciana r., wearing causia; before, CN PLANCIVS; behind, AED CVR S C.
Rev/ Cretan ibex standing r., bow and quiver behind.

Ag, 18.5 mm, 4.00 g
Moneyer: Cn. Plancius.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 432/1 [dies o/r: 99/110] - Syd. 933 - RSC Plancia 1
ex-NAC, jul 2011 - art. #01062q00
dafnis
0141.jpg
0141 - Denarius Julia 103 BC33 viewsObv/ Helmeted head of Mars r.; above, control mark C; behind, CAESAR.
Rev/ Venus in biga of Cupids l., holding sceptre and reins; above control mark C; below, lyre; L IVLI L F in ex.

Ag, 17.0 mm, 4.09 g
Mint: Roma.
Moneyer: L. Iulius Caesar.
RRC 320/1 [dies o/r: 92/92] - Syd. 593a - RSC Julia 4
ex-Artemide Aste, auction 9E, lot 9194
dafnis
0146.jpg
0146 - Drachm Alexander III the Great 295-75 BC50 viewsObv/ Head of Heracles r. wearing lion-skin headdress.
Rev/ Zeus Aëtophoros seated on backless throne l., holding eagle on outstretched r.h. and scepter in l.h.; before, MI in monogram; behind, (Α)ΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟ(Υ).

Ag, 19.0 mm, 4.28 g
Mint: Miletus.
Price 2151
ex-CNG, auction e260, lot 234
dafnis
0147.jpg
0147 - Denarius Sicinia 49 BC45 viewsObv/ Diademed head of Fortuna r.; before, FORT; behind, PR.
Rev/ Palm branch tied with fillet and winged caduceus, in saltire; above, wreath; below, Q SICINIVS; III VIR at sides.

Ag, 17.5 mm, 4.03 g
Moneyer: Q. Sicinius.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 440/1 [dies o/r: 129/143] - Syd.938
ex-CNG, auction e260, lot 453 (ex–Dante Alighieri colln., CNG auction e219, lot 406).
dafnis
0148.jpg
0148 - Denarius Rustia 76 BC30 viewsObv/ Helmeted head of Minerva r.; behind, SC; before, crossed X.
Rev/ Ram r., L RVSTI in ex.

Ag, 18.5 mm, 3.74 g
Moneyer: L.Rustius.
Mint: Roma.
RRC 389/1 [dies o/r: 42/47] - Syd. 782 - RSC Rustia 1
ex-Numismatica Tintinna, auction e11, lot 1063
dafnis
014p_Nero_(54-68_A_D_),_AE-16,_Lydia,_Maeonia,_Menekrates,_strategos_,_Nero_r_,_RPC_3015,_Q-001,_0h,_16-16,5mm,_3,09g-s.jpg
014p Nero (54-68 A.D.), Lydia, Maeonia, RPC 3015, AE-16, Mên (Lunus), standing left, #158 views014p Nero (54-68 A.D.), Lydia, Maeonia, RPC 3015, AE-16, Mên (Lunus), standing left, #1
avers: NЄPΩИ KAIΣAP, Laureate head right.
reverse: MAIONΩN MENEKPATOYΣ / ЄΠ TI KΛ, Mên (Lunus), standing left, holding pine cone and scepter.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 16,0-16,5mm, weight: 3,09g, axes: 0h,
mint: Lydia, Maeonia, date: 65 A.D., ref: RPC 3015, BMC 35,
Q-001
quadrans
0152.jpg
0152 - Denarius Rubria 87 BC45 viewsObv/ Laureate head of Jupiter r., with sceptre over shoulder; behind, DOSSEN.
Rev/ Triumphal quadriga r., side-panel decorated with thunderbolt; (above, Victory with wreath); L RVBRI in ex.

Ag, 16.9 mm, 3.52 g
Moneyer: L. Rubrius Dossenus.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 348/1 [dies o/r: 178/208] - Syd. 705 - RSC Rubria 1
ex-VAuctions, auction 267, lot 39
dafnis
0157.jpg
0157 - Antoninianus Caracalla 213-17 AC25 viewsObv/ ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, radiated and togate bust of C. r.
Rev/ VENVS VICTRIX, Venus standing l., hlding helmet and scepter, leaning on shield; captives to the l. and r.

Ag, 24.9 mm, 5.04 g
Mint: Roma.
BMCRE V/86 – RIC IV.1/312a [S]
ex-Auctiones, auction e2, lot 102 (T.Kunsch Caracalla colln.)
dafnis
0158.jpg
0158 - Denarius Fabia 126 BC27 viewsObv/ Head of Roma with winged helmet r., behind, crossed X.
Rev/ Q. Fabius Pictor seated l. wearing cuirass and helmet, and holding spear and apex, leaning on shield inscribed QVI / RIN; to the r., N FABI; to the l., PICTOR; ROMA in ex.

Ag, 18.2 mm, 3.85 g
Moneyer: N. Fabius Pictor.
Mint: Rome.
RRC RRC 268/1a [dies o/r: 4/5] - Syd. 517 - RSC Fabia 11
ex-CGB, list Rome 30, art. #brm_262510 (ex- CGB, auction 49, lot 471)
1 commentsdafnis
0164.jpg
0164 - Denarius Norbana 83 BC102 viewsObv/ Diademed head of Venus r.; behind, control mark CL; below, C NORBANVS.
Rev/ Corn ear, fasces with axe and caduceus.

Ag, 19.0 mm, 3.89 g
Moneyer: C.Norbanus.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 357/1b [dies o/r: 156/173 (all var.)] - Syd. 739 - RSC Norbana 2
ex-Auctiones, auction e3, lot 106 (ex-De La Tour colln., Hess-Divo, auction 314, lot 1350) (ex-Varesi, auction nov 1989, lot 175)
dafnis
0169.jpg
0169 - Denarius Hostilia 48 BC46 viewsObv/Female head r., wearing oak-wreath.
Rev/Victory advancing r., holding caduceus and palm-branch, L HOSTILIVS before, SASERNA behind.

Ag, 18.5mm, 3.95g
Moneyer: L. Hostilius Saserna.
Mint: Roma.
RRC 448/1a [dies o/r: 99/110 (var. 1a+1b)] - Syd.951 - RSC Hostilia 5
ex-AUREA Numismatika, auction 49, lot 3207
2 commentsdafnis
M-Antony-Syd-1246.jpg
017. Marcus Antonius.77 viewsDenarius, 32-31 BC.
Obverse: ANT AVG III VIR R P C / Galley with rowers, standard at prow.
Reverse: LEG XXIII / Legionary eagle between two standards.
3.62 gm.. 17 mm.
Syd. #1246; RSC #60; Sear unlisted.

Mark Antony minted a long series of legionary coins for the use of the army and navy prior to the Battle of Actium (Sept. 2, 31 BC). The legion depicted on this coin - Legion XXIII - is one that we know nothing about.
1 commentsCallimachus
0171.jpg
0171 - Denarius Julia Soaemias16 viewsObv/ IVLIA SOAEMIAS AVGVSTA, draped bust of Julia Soaemias r.
Rev/IVNO REGINA. Juno, veiled, standing r., holding long scepter in l.h. and palladium on extended r.h.

Ag, 19.1mm, 3.61g
Mint: Rome.
RIC IV.II/237 [C] - BMCRE V/42 - Cohen 3
ex-Auctiones, e-auction 11, lot #75
dafnis
0172.jpg
0172 - Denarius Cassia 55 BC34 viewsObv/Head of Liberty r., LIBERT behind, Q CASSIVS before.
Rev/Curule chair within temple of Vesta; to l., urn; to r., voting tablet inscribed AC.

Ag, 18.1mm, 4.02g
Moneyer: Q. Cassius Longinus.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 428/2 [dies o/r: 60/67] - Syd. 918 - RSC Cassia 8
ex-Valencia Coin Market, Dec 2012
1 commentsdafnis
0175.jpg
0175 - Denarius Mussidia 42 BC41 viewsObv/Head of Concordia r.; behind CONCORDIA.
Rev/Shrine of Venus Cloacina, inscribed CLOACIN; L MVSSIDIVS LON(GVS) around.

Ag, 16.2mm, 4.46g
Moneyer: L. Mussidius Longus.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 494/42 [dies o/r: 87/97 (all var.)] - RSC Mussidia 6 - Syd. 1093 - Sear Imp. 188
ex-VAuctions 303, lot 388 (ex-Ivar Gault colln., CNG e-auction 271, lot 397)
3 commentsdafnis
0176.jpg
0176 - Drachm Alexander III the Great 328-23 BC31 viewsObv/ Head of Heracles r. wearing lion-skin headdress.
Rev/ Zeus Aëtophoros seated on backless throne l., holding eagle on outstretched r.h. and scepter in l.h.; before, Demeter with two torches; behind, ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ; under throne, monogram with circle, line and triangle.

Ag, 17.5 mm, 4.32 g
Mint: Lampsacus.
Price 1356
ex-Gitbud & Naumann, auction Pecunem 12, lot 119
dafnis
Commodus_denar2.jpg
018 - Commodus (177-192), denarius - BM 184, RIC unlisted48 viewsObv: M COMM ANT P FEL AVG BRIT, laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: P M TR P XI IMP VII COS V P P, Jupiter seated left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre.
Minted in Rome 186 AD

The cuirassed bust are rare on denarii. This particular type are unlisted in both RIC and Cohen, though the obverse legend and reverse type (not legend) are equal to RIC 117, Cohen 486. The only coin I know of with this bust and reverse legend is BM 184. The BM coin and this coin are struck with diferent obverse dies, hence ther must have been at least two pairs of dies striking this type. Thers should be more coins of this type out there, if anyone knows of one I´ll be very happy to hear about it! (Many thanks to mr Curtis Clay for information on this coin).
pierre_p77
0180.jpg
0180 - Semis Roman Republic 42-36 BC41 viewsObv/Head of Minerva (?) r.
Rev/Statue standing l. on top of pedestal; (CV)-IN on both sides.

AE, 22.2 mm, 5.60 g
Moneyer: anonymous.
Mint: Carthago Nova.
APRH/151 - CNH/7 [R2]
ex-Ibercoin, auction 16.1, lot 2018
dafnis
0183.jpg
0183 - Denarius Nonia 59 BC26 viewsObv/ Head of Saturn r., before SVFENAS, behind SC, harpa and conical stone.
Rev/ PR L V P F, Roma seated l. over pile of arms, holding scepter and sword, crowned by Victory standing l. behind; SEX NONI in ex.

Ag, 19.9 mm, 3.65 g
Moneyer: M. Nonius Sufenas.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 2421/1 [dies o/r: 56/62] - Syd. 885 - RSC Nonia 1
ex-Jesús Vico, auction 137, lot 203
dafnis
0187.jpg
0187 - Denarius Pompeia 137 BC67 viewsObv/Helmeted head of Roma r.; behind, jug; before, X.
Rev/She-wolf suckling twins Romulus and Remus; behind, ficus Ruminalis with birds and to the l. Faustulus; around, SEX PO FOSTLVS; in ex., ROMA.

Ag, 20.6mm, 3.74g
Moneyer: Sextus Pompeius Fostlus.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 235/1c [dies o/r: 127/159 (all var.)] - BMCRR Rome 927 - Pompeia 1 - Syd. 461a
ex-Naville Numismatics, auction e6, lot 80
1 commentsdafnis
0189.jpg
0189 - Denarius Plautia 60 BC50 viewsObv/ Head of Neptune r.; behind, trident; before, P YPSAE SC.
Rev/ Jupiter in quadriga r., holding reins and thunderbolt; below C YPSAE COS PRIV; behind, CEPIT.

Ag, 19.7 mm, 3.88 g
Moneyer: P. Plautius Hypsaeus.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 420/1a [dies o/r: 34/38 (all var.)]
ex-NAC, auction 78, lot 674
1 commentsdafnis
01a_jan_008.jpg
019 - Aurelian (270-275 AD), antoninianus - RIC 6233 viewsObv: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate cuirassed bust right.
Rev: ORIENS AVG, Sol walking left, right hand raised, left hand holding globe, treading down one of two captives.
Minted in Rome (gamma XXI in exe), third officina.
pierre_p77
0192.jpg
0192 - Denarius Valeria 45 BC50 viewsObv/ Diademed head of Apollo Soranus r., ACISCVLV(S) behind, with acisculus; star above.
Rev/ Europa riding bull r., holding veil above; in ex., L VALERIV(S).

Ag, 3.75 g
Moneyer: L. Valerius Acisculus.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 474/1a - BMCRRE Rome 4099 - Sear Imp. 90.
ex-Soler y Llach, auction 83, lot 151.
1 commentsdafnis
0193.jpg
0193 - Denarius Sulpicia 69 BC41 viewsObv/ Veiled bust of Vesta r.; behind, S C.
Rev/ Knife, simpulum and axe; AE CVR in field; P GALB in ex.

Ag
Moneyer: P. Sulpicius Galba.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 406/1 - RSC I/Sulpicia 7.
ex-Jesús Vico, auction 140, lot 79.
dafnis
0199.jpg
0199 - Denarius Licinia 55 BC50 viewsObv/ Laureate bust of Venus r., togate and with stephane; behind, SC.
Rev/ Female figure standing front, leading horse and holding spear; at feet, cuirass and shield; around, P CRASSVS M F.

Ag, 4.09 g
Moneyer: P. Licinius Crassus M.f.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 430/1 - BMCRR Rome 3901 - Syd. 929 - RSC Licinia 18
ex-Bremens-Belleville, november 2014, lot 363 (ex-St.Florian monastery, Dorotheum, june 1956, lot 2764 / ex. Apostolo Zeno colln., 18th c.)
1 commentsdafnis
Julio_Cesar_Denario.jpg
02 - 01 - Julio Cesar (49 - 44 A.C.)142 viewsAR Denario 18,35 mm de 3,42 gr.

Anv: Emblemas sacerdotales, Simpulum (Copa pequeña con mango), aspergillum/aspersorio (Instrumento para espolvorear o rociar), securix (Hacha sacrificial), apex (gorro/bonete usado por los sacerdotes de Júpiter).
Rev: Elefante pisando un carnix (Instrumento musical galo), CAESAR en exergo.

Acuñada durante los años 49 - 48 A.C.
Ceca: Movil legionaria durante sus campañas probablemente en la Galia, Italia y/o Hispania.

Referencias: Craw. 443/1 - Syd. #1006 - BMCRR #27 - RSC Caesar #49 - Sear RCTV Vol.I #1399

2 commentsmdelvalle
Craw_443_1_Denario_Julius_Caesar.jpg
02 - 01 - Julio Cesar (49 - 44 A.C.)36 viewsAR Denario 18,35 mm de 3,42 gr.

Anv: Emblemas sacerdotales, Simpulum (Copa pequeña con mango), aspergillum/aspersorio (Instrumento para espolvorear o rociar), securix (Hacha sacrificial), apex (gorro/bonete usado por los sacerdotes de Júpiter).
Rev: Elefante pisando un carnix (Instrumento musical galo), CAESAR en exergo.

Acuñada durante los años 49 - 48 A.C.
Ceca: Movil legionaria durante sus campañas probablemente en la Galia, Italia y/o Hispania.

Referencias: Craw. 443/1 - Syd. #1006 - BMCRR #27 - RSC Caesar #49 - Sear RCTV Vol.I #1399
mdelvalle
Craw_467_1a_Denario_Julio_Cesar_1.jpg
02 - 04 - Julio Cesar (49 - 44 A.C.)28 viewsAR Denario 20/18 mm de 3,5 gr.

Anv: COS·TERT·DICT·ITER, Cabeza de Ceres a der.
Rev: AVGVR / PONT MAX , D (Donativum) en campo der., Emblemas sacerdotales, Simpulum (Copa pequeña con mango), aspergillum/aspersorio (Instrumento para espolvorear o rociar), capis y Lituus/lituo (bastón ritual augural).

Esta serie fue acuñada, probablemente, para el pago de las Legiones Victoriosas en la batalla de Thapsus/Tapso (Túnez), en la cual Julio César consiguió una victoria importante sobre Metelo Escipión y el rey númida Juba I, el 6 de abril del 46 A.C.. Por otro lado Ceres es un emblema de África.

Acuñada 46 A.C.
Ceca: Movil legionaria durante sus campañas probablemente en Útica (Norte de África).

Referencias: Craw. 467/1a, Syd. #1023, BMCRR (África)#21, RSC I Caesar #4a P.106, Babelon II Iulia #16 P.14, Sear RCTV I #1403/1 P.268, Cohen I #4 P.8, Sear Imperators #57
mdelvalle
Mac_Escudo_Coronado__Potosi__2_R.jpg
02 - 06 - Virreynato FELIPE II (1556-1598) 112 views"Macuquina del Escudo Coronado"

2 Reales de Plata
27x25 mm

Anv: PHILIPPVS · D · G · HISPANIARVM alrededor del escudo de armas coronado, entre ceca P sobre ensayador R en campo izq. y valor II en campo der.
.
Rev: ET · INDIARVM · REX · alrededor del cuartelado de castillos y leones dentro de orla de ocho lóbulos.

Acuñada: 1572-1576
Ensayador: R - Alonso Rincón
Ceca: Potosí - Hoy ubicada en Bolivia

Referencias:
mdelvalle
antioch_gordian-III_tetradrachm_ram-crescent-moon_w-US-cent_obv_03.JPG
02 - Gordian III Tetradrachm #2 w/ cent.17 viewsRoman Empire
Tetradrachm of Emperor Gordian III (238 - 244 AD)

obv: Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed. Seen from behind.

rev: Eagle standing facing, head left, holding wreath in beak.
Beneath: Crescent Moon above the head of a ram leaping left, it's head reverted.

10.9 Grams
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Ancient Roman Tetradrachm of emperor Gordian III next to a 2010 D USA One Cent for size comparison.
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rexesq
antioch_tetradrachmai_son-and-father_frontal-busts-left_obv_02.JPG
02 - Philip I and Philip II Tetradrachmai - Frontal Busts Left.32 viewsLEFT: Philip II, Antioch, Syria. Tetradrachm. Regnal year: 3
obv: Laureate bust left, draped and cuirassed, seen from front.
RIGHT: Philip I AR Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria.
Dated Year 3
obv: Radiate, cuirassed bust left, seen from the front, breastplate decorated with a gorgoneion/medusa head.

*note: Photo is off-color, due to camera problems.
rexesq
Augustus_RIC_288.jpg
02 Augustus RIC 28821 viewsAugusts 27 B.C.- 14 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome mint, 19 B.C. P. Petronius Turpilianus, moneyer. (3.65g, 18.2m, 0h). Obv: TVRPILIANS IIIVIR FERON, Diad. and draped bust of Feronia r. Rev: CAESAR AVGVSTVS SIGN RECE, Parthian kneeling r. presenting standard w. X marked vexillum. RIC 288, BMC 14, RSC 484.

A historical type commemorating the return of the standards lost by Crassus at the battle of Carrhae during his Parthian campaign in 53 B.C. Rome was humiliated by the defeat and loss of several Legionary Eagles. Crassus and several of his generals were killed. Through diplomacy, Augusts secured the return of the Eagles, an important victory to tout on his coinage.

I've been wanting this type for some time because of it's historic significance, but as it's outside of my primary collecting area, I was willing to compromise on condition. This example is worn, but clearly recognizable. The obverse has banker's marks which seem to disappear or become much more scarce on denarii towards the end of the Republic and beginning of the Empire.
Lucas H
Augustus_RIC_220.jpg
02 Augustus RIC I 022047 viewsAugustus 27 B.C.-14 A.D. AR Denarius. Lugdunum Mint 13-14 A.D. (3.57g, 19.5, 0 h). Obv: [CAESAR AVGVSTVS] DVI F PATER PATRRIAE, laureate head r. REV: [PONTIF] MAXIM, Liva as Pax seated r. on low-backed chair, vertical scepter in r., branch in left. RIC I 220 (R2), RSC 223.

Worn and on an irregular flan, I still wanted this example because of the reverse. Minted in his last year as emperor, this was Augustus’ precursor to Tiberius’ “tribute penny.” While this was one of many types during Augustus’ reign, it was one very few types for Tiberius.
1 commentsLucas H