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Search results - "marti,"
TacitusMartiPacif.jpg
50 viewsmarandnumiz
philip_I_Pick_100.jpg
53 viewsPHILIP I
Sestertius, Viminacium, Moesia.
26.9 mm, 15.8 grams

OBV. IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
REV. PMS C-OL VIM, Moesia standing facing, arms outstretched over a bull and a lion.
Year AN VII in exergue.
Pick 100; Martin 2'09'1.
ziggy9
Gordian_III_Viminacium.jpg
1 Gordian III28 viewsGordian III
AE24, Dupondius, Viminacium

O: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right

R: PMS C-O-L VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands to bull and lion standing at feet on either side. AN III in exergue.

AMNG 82, Martin 1'29'1.
Sosius
Caracalla_RIC_222.jpg
25 Caracalla15 viewsCARACALLA
AR Denarius, 210-213 AD.

ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right / MARTI PACATORI, Mars standing front, head left, holding olive-branch, reversed spear & shield

Sear 6818, RIC 222, RSC 149, BMC 81 VF
Sosius
rjb_2012_02_17.jpg
281cf24 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP CARAVS[IVS ....AVG]"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "MARTI PACIF"
Mard advancing eft holdong branch, spear and shield
Camulodunum mint
-/-//C
RIC - (cf 281-3)
mauseus
Tacitus_Ant_RIC_145.jpg
4 Tacitus48 viewsTacitus. A.D. 275-276. Ć antoninianus (22.2 mm, 4.13 g, 6 h). Rome mint, A.D. 276. IMP CM CL TACITVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right / MARTI PACIF, Mars advancing left, holding branch, spear and shield; S in exergue. RIC 145. gVF, partially silvered.
Ex. Agora Auctions, Aug 2014, from collection of Dave Surber, founder of wildwinds.com
3 commentsSosius
rjb_car_465cf_09_05.jpg
465cf32 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv “IMP C CARAVSIVS P AVG”
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev “MARTI PACIFER”
Mars walking left holding branch, spear and shield
Uncertain mint
S/C//-
RIC - (cf 465-6)
mauseus
rjb_car465cf_07_07.jpg
465cf35 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP C CARAVSIVS PF I AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "MARTI PACIFE"
Mars walking left holding branch, spear and shield
Uncertain mint
S/P//
RIC - (cf 465)
mauseus
rjb_2010_03_17.jpg
465cf26 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP C CARAVSIVS P AVG"
Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev "MARTI PACIFE"
Mars walking left holding branch, spear and shield
Uncertain mint
S/C//
RIC - (cf 465)
mauseus
rjb_gallienus_658_08_05.jpg
65821 viewsDenarius
Rome
Issue 9
MARTI PACIFERO
G 658
mauseus
conmarti.jpg
Constantine I, RIC VII 124 Ticinum17 viewsObverse: IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: MARTI CONSERVATORI, Mars in military dress standing right with spear in hand with point on ground and his left hand on shield set on the ground, cloak across right shoulder. .
19. mm., 2.5 g. Mintmark: S dot T Ticinum mint.
NORMAN K
gal236.jpg
Gallienus, RIC 236 Rome21 viewsGallienus, AE antoninianus 253-268 CE
Obverse: GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, bust right.
Reverse: MARTI PACIFERO, Mars standing left, holding olive branch, spear and shield. H in left field.
16.4 mm., 2.0 g.
NORMAN K
sear1966clipped.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus clipped billion aspron trachy SB196665 viewsObverse: IC-XC (bar above) in field, Christ bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and colobion, seated upon throne without back; holds gospels in left hand.
Reverse: MAN(monogram)HA AECIIOT or var, MP OV bar above in upper right field, Full-length figure of emperor, bearded on left, crowned by Virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-peice, and jewelled loros of simplified type; holds in right hand labarum-headed scepter, and in left globus cruciger. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.
four main varieties:
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1167-1183?
Sear 1966 Var d, Fourth coinage; H 16.14,15; 17.1-4
rev: Jewel within circle on loros waist
16mm .89gm
As discussed in the Byzantine forumThese are the "neatly clipped" trachies.
During the reign of Manuel I the silver content of the trachy was dropped from c.6% to c.3%, but later types were sometimes issued with the higher silver content.
In Alexius III's time these high silver types were clipped down to half size, probably officially, presumably so as to match the lower silver content of the later issues.
Of course this would only have worked as long as the populace accepted the idea that the clipped coins were all high silver versions to start with. Once smarties started clipping ordinary coins these types would soon have have fallen out of favour and been withdrawn.

Ross G.


During the reign of Alexius III were reused coins of previous releases, clipping its border in a very regular mode and thus reducing to half their weight. Regularity of shearing and the fact that they were found to stock uniforms, suggesting that this clipping is a formal issuance of mint. Based on the stocks found in Constantinople , some of which consist only of clipped coins, it may safely be dated between 1195 and 1203.
Hendy and Grierson believe that this shearing was a consequence of the devaluation of trachy mixture during the reign of Isaac II and Alexius III. They reduced by half the already low silver content of this coin: shearing coins of previous emperors, still widely in circulation, made their trachy consistent with the intrinsic value of current emissions. Of course, this does not justify the clipping of coins already degraded of Isaac II and Alexius III. Therefore, reason for their declassification is not understood. I think that reason of Ross is right!
The structure of their dispersion in hoards indicates that, however, were made after the other emissions. Clipped trachys appear in small amounts along with regular trachy in hoards, represents a rarity. Were clipped trachys of Manuel I, Andronicus I, Isaac II and Alexius III, and perhaps of John II; those of Manuel are less scarce. In principle, we must believe that all trachys after Manuel I have been clipped, although many have not yet appeared.

Antvwala
wileyc
IMG_1361.JPG
64 viewsUNITED STATES, Native proto-currency. Seneca tribe.
Ganounata village (Honeoye Falls, NY). Circa AD 1625-1687
White wampum beads (apx. 5mm, 0.10g each)
Carved white shell beads with lateral hole for suspension in belt
Cf. William Martin Beauchamp, Wampum and Shell Articles Used by the New York Indians, p. 369

Found at the Dann Farm site in Honeoye Falls, NY.


In 1687 combined French and Huron forces, lead by the Marquis de Denonville, set out to undermine the strength of the Iriquois Confederacy. The main strike was made against Seneca villages in Western New York. Ganounata was burned during the campaign. This episode was only one in a long line of conflicts fought over control of the North American fur trade.

Wampum was used by Native Americans in woven belts of white and black beads. The white beads were crafted from the columella of the Channeled Whelk, the black from the quahog. Traditionally, wampum belts were used as a ceremonial object to initiate a trade contract. It was only with the coming of the Europeans that wampum began to function as coinage. In 1673, New York state officially set the value of wampum at six white beads to the Dutch stuiver, or three black until they fell out of use.
Ardatirion
philippe2-denier-saintmartin.JPG
Dy.176 Philip II (Augustus): denier tournois (Saint Martin de Tours)23 viewsPhilip II, king of France (1180-1223)
Denier tournois (Saint Martin de Tours)

Billon, 0.96 g, diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 7h
O: PHILIPVS REX; croix pattée
R: +SCS MARTINVS; châtel tournois

The livre parisis was a standard for minting coins (and for unit of accounts) inherited from the Carolingians.
In 1203, John (Lackland) lost Anjou to Philip II. The deniers minted at the Saint Martin abbey in Touraine were considered as very stable. So Philip II decided to adopt the livre tournois (tournois means "of Tours", Tours is a French city in Anjou close to Saint Martin abbey) as a new standard denier and unit of account. Livre parisis and livre tournois coexisted for some time but the livre tournois quickly outstripped the livre parisis as a unit of account. Deniers parisis ceased to be struck a little more than a century later, but livre parisis existed till 17th century.
SCS MARTINVS means Sanctus Martinus (Saint Martin). The name of the abbey was temporarily kept on the deniers tournois, but was soon replaced by the name of the city of Tours.
Droger
limoges-denier-saint-martial.JPG
Saint Martial abbey: denier (Limoges)7 viewsSaint Martial abbey, Limoges, anonymous (1100-1150)

Silver, 1.14 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 3h

O/ +SES•MARCIAL; facing bearded bust of Saint Martial
R/ +LEMOVICENSIS; beaded cross with 2 pellets in each quadrant

Droger
saint-martin-tours-denier.JPG
Saint Martin abbey: denier (Tours)9 viewsSaint Martin of Tours abbey
Denier (second half of the XII th century, Tours)

Billon, 0.67 g, diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 10 h
O/ +SCS MARTINVS ; châtel tournois
R/ +TVRONVS CIVI ; cross pattée

Philip II has been inspired by this coin to create the denier tournois.
Droger
gallienus_mars_res~0.jpg
(0253) GALLIENUS16 views253 - 268 AD
AE 17 mm; 2.95 g
O: [GALLIENVS AVG] Radiate head, right.
R: MARTI PACIFEROMars standing left, holding olive-branch, spear and shield, A in right field.
Rome, RIC 236

Mint City: Rome. Struck AD 264-66

Reference: Goebl 570a. RIC 236.
laney
gallien_mars.jpg
(0260) GALLIENUS11 views260 - 268
AE 16.8 mm 2.30 g
Obv: GALLIENVS AVG, radiate bust right.
Rev: MARTI PACIFERO, Mars standing left, holding branch in right hand, and spear with shield in left hand.
laney
072~0.JPG
(610-641) Heraclius [Sear 871]8 viewsAR Half Siliqua, 0.70 gm. Carthage mint. Struck 617-641 AD. Crowned, draped, and cuirassed bust of Heraclius right / no legend, facing busts of Heraclius Constantine on left, wearing crown and chlamys, and Martina on right, wearing crown with long pendilia, and robes; cross between their heads, sometimes with four dots between their shoulders. DOC 233; MIB 149; SB 871.Ségusiaves
rjb_lon4_05_06.jpg
(VI) 96cf36 viewsConstantine I
FL VAL CONSTANTINVS NOB C
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
MARTI PATRI PROPVGNATORI
Mars advancing right
-/-//PLN
RIC (VI) - (cf 96)
1 commentsmauseus
rjb_2010_02_02.jpg
(VI)10921 viewsConstantine I
IMP CONSTANTINVS P AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
MARTI PATRI PROPVG
Mars advancing right
-/-//PLN
RIC (VI) 109
mauseus
Sept_Sev.jpg
*SOLD*20 viewsSeptimius Severus AE Sestertius

Attribution: RIC 741, scarce
Date: AD 197-198
Obverse: L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP X, laureate head r.
Reverse: MARTI PACIFERO P M TR P V COS II P P, Mars standing facing l., foot on cuirass, holding branch and reversed spear, S-C across fields
Noah
0074.jpg
0074 - Denarius Septimius Severus 200-1 AC40 viewsObv/SEVERVS AVG PART MAX, laureate head of Septimius r.
Rev/RESTITVTOR VRBIS, Septimius, in military dress, standing l., sacrificing with patera over tripod and holding inverted spear.

Ag, 19.5mm, 3.11g
Mint: Rome.
RIC IVa/167a [C] - BMCRE V/203 - Cohen 599
ex-A.L.Romero Martín (denarios.org)
3 commentsdafnis
0075~0.jpg
0075 - Denarius Severus Alexander 228-31 AC30 viewsObv/IMP SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate bust of Severus Alexander r., togate.
Rev/AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing l., holding scales and cornucopiae.

Ag, 18.6mm, 2.78g
Mint: Rome.
RIC IV.2/185 [C] - Cohen 13
ex-A.L.Romero Martín (denarios.org)
dafnis
0078.jpg
0078 - Denarius Pomponia 66 BC42 viewsObv/Laureate head of Apollo r.; six pointed star behind.
Rev/Urania, the Muse of Astronomy, standing l., pointing with wand to globe on tripod.

Ag, 17.5mm, 3.87g
Moneyer: Q Pomponius Musa.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 410/8 [dies o/r: 10/11] - Syd. 823
ex-Soler y Llach/Martí Hervera, auction dec 2010, lot 3461
1 commentsdafnis
0081.jpg
0081 - Denarius Septimius Severus 201-10 AC35 viewsObv/SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate head of Septimiusr.
Rev/INDULGENTIA AVGG, Dea Caelestis riding r. on a lion, holding thunderbolt and sceptre; below, waters gushing from rock.

Ag, 18.3mm, 3.25g
Mint: Rome.
RIC IVa/266 [C] - BMCRE V/335
ex-A.L.Romero Martín
dafnis
0082~0.jpg
0082 - Denarius Septimius Severus 198-202 AC38 viewsObv/L SEPT SEV AVG IMP XI PART MAX, laureate head of Septimius r.
Rev/VICT PARTHICAE, Victory advancing l., holding wreath and trophy; at feet l., captive.

Ag, 19.8mm, 2.90g
Mint: Laodicea ad Mare (?)
RIC IV.1/514 [C] - BMCRE V/672
ex-A.L. Romero Martín
1 commentsdafnis
0162.jpg
0162 - Denarius Septimius Severus 194 AC62 viewsObv/ IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, laureate head of S.S. r.
Rev/ MARTI VICT, Marte helmeted, naked except cloak, holding spear and trophy.

Ag, 18.5 mm, 1.85 g
Mint: Emesa.
BMCRE V/377 – RIC IV.1/405 [S]
ex-Gitbud & Naumann, eBay feb 2012 - art. #160723022411
dafnis
0212_RICVI_254.jpg
0212 - Nummus Constantine 312-3 AC17 viewsObv/ CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust of C. r.
Rev/ MARTI CON SERVATORI, Mars standing r., holding inverted spear and leaning on shield. Star on field l.; PLN in ex.

AE, 22.1 mm, 4.97 g.
Mint: Londinium.
RIC VI/254 - CT 7.10.003 [C]
ex-vAuctions (Triskeles), auction 319, lot 348.
dafnis
Karoly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD)_AR-Denar_U-394n_C2-015_H-497_m-REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-001_7h_14,5mm_0,70g-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-394.n, #0175 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-394.n, #01
avers: King enthroned, facing, holding sceptre and orb; border of dots.
reverse: ✠ m•RЄGIS•hVnGARIЄ, Head of ostrich holding horse-shoe on helmet, mint-mark on each side; line border.
exergue, mint mark: lily/lily/lily/lily//-- were struck by Martinus (by Pohl), diameter: 14,5mm, weight: 0,70g, axis: 7h,
mint: Hungary, Szomolnok, (Scmöllnitz, today Slovakia: Smolník), date: 1339-1342 A.D., ref: Unger-394.n, CNH-2-015, Huszár-497, Pohl-54-03,
Q-001
quadrans
03-Alex-Babylon-P2619.jpg
03. Alexander the Great.129 viewsTetradrachm, ca 325 - 323 BC, "Babylon" mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. M and a bee at left, monogram under throne.
17.12 gm., 26 mm.
P. #3619; M. #696.

Martin J. Price assigns this coin to the mint at "Babylon," but he says (p. 456 -57) it is possible that coins of "group two" may have been minted at Susa or Ecbatana.
3 commentsCallimachus
Probus_ant_gr.jpg
031 - Probus (276-282 AD), Antoninianus - RIC 877 (unlisted var.)105 viewsObv. IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust left, wearing imperial mantle and holding eagle tipped sceptre.
Rev. VIRTVS PROBI AVG, emperor galloping right, spearing enemy whose shield lies beneath horse.
Minted in Serdica (KA delta in exe), 4th officina, 4th emission, c 277 AD or 280-81 AD.
22-23 mm in diam, 3,38g
Bust type H.

Not listed with this bust type in RIC.

Ex. Martin Griffiths Probus collection.
5 commentspierre_p77
038.jpg
034 TREBONIANUS GALLUS16 viewsEMPEROR: Trebonianus Gallus
DENOMINATION: Antoninianus
OBVERSE: IMP CAE C VIB TREB GALLVS AVG, radiate and draped bust right
REVERSE: IVNO MARTIALIS, Juno seated left, holding corn-ears and sceptre
DATE: 251-253 AD
MINT: Roma
WEIGHT: 3.79 g
RIC: 35
Barnaba6
037_Marcus_Aurelius_(139-161_A_D__as_Caesar,_161-180_A_D__as_Augustus),_AE-As,_RIC_III_1106,_Rome,_MARTI_VICTORI_IMP_VI_COS_III,_axis-h_mm_21,xxg-s.jpg
037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 1107, Rome, AE-As, MARTI VICTORI IMP VI COS III, Mars standing right,313 views037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 1107, Rome, AE-As, MARTI VICTORI IMP VI COS III, Mars standing right,
avers:- M-ANTONINVS-AVG-TR-P-XXVIII, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- MARTI-VICTORI-IMP-VI-COS-III, Mars standing right, helmeted & half draped, resting upon head of a captive left a shield inscribed S C, spear in right hand.
exerg: -/-//S-C, diameter: 24-26mm, weight: 8,96g, axis:6h,
mint: Rome, date:173-74 A.D., ref: RIC-III-1107, p-301, Cohen 433, Sear-,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
tacitusant~0.JPG
046. Tacitus, 275-276AD. BI Antoninianus. 28 viewsBI Antoninianus. Ticinum mint.
Obv. Radiate and cuirassed bust right. IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG

Rev. Mars left, holding branch, spear and shield. MARTI PACIF, S in exe.

RIC VI 145F, Cohen 60..

Lovely, silvered coin. EF. Superb full circle centering on both sides.
LordBest
Septimius-Severus_AR-Billon-Den_L-SEPT-SEV-PERT-AVG-IMP-X_MARTI-VI-CTORI_RIC-IV-I-114-p104_C-3190_Rome-197-198_AD_Q-001_axis-1h_17mm_2,35g-s.jpg
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 114, Rome, AR-Denarius, MARTI VICTORI, Mars, (but base metal, "limes" ?),145 views049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 114, Rome, AR-Denarius, MARTI VICTORI, Mars, (but base metal, "limes" ?),
avers:- L-SEPT-SEV-PERT-AVG-IMP-X, Laurate bust right.
revers:- MARTI-VI-CTORI, Mars standing right, holding spear in left hand and resting right hand on shield, set on helmet.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 17mm, weight: 2,35g, axis: 1h,
mint: Rome, date: 197-198 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-114 (but base metal, "limes" ?), p-104, C-319,
Q-001
quadrans
Septimius-Severus_AR-Billon-Den_L-SEPT-SEV-PERT-AVG-IMP-X_MARTI-VI-CTORI_RIC-IV-I-114-p104_C-319_Rome-197-198_AD_Q-001_1h_17mm_2,35g-s.jpg
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 114, Rome, AR-Denarius, MARTI VICTORI, Mars, (but base metal, "limes" ?),94 views049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 114, Rome, AR-Denarius, MARTI VICTORI, Mars, (but base metal, "limes" ?),
avers:- L-SEPT-SEV-PERT-AVG-IMP-X, Laurate bust right.
revers:- MARTI-VI-CTORI, Mars standing right, holding spear in left hand and resting right hand on shield, set on helmet.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 17mm, weight: 2,35g, axis: 1h,
mint: Rome, date: 197-198 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-114 (but base metal, "limes" ?), p-104, C-319,
Q-001
quadrans
Septimius-Severus_AR-Den_L-SEPT-SEV-AVG-IMP-XI-PART-MAX_MARTI-VI-CTORI_RIC-IV-I-134-p107_C-320_Rome-198-200_AD_Q-002_axis-0h_17mm_2,50g-s.jpg
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 134, Rome, AR-Denarius, MARTI VICTORI, Mars,129 views049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 134, Rome, AR-Denarius, MARTI VICTORI, Mars,
avers:- L-SEPT-SEV-AVG-IMP-XI-PART-MAX, Laurate bust right.
revers:- MARTI-VI-CTORI, Mars standing right, holding spear in left hand and resting right hand on shield, set on helmet.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 17mm, weight: 2,50g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 198-200 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-134, p-107, C-320,
Q-002
quadrans
05-Philip-III.jpg
05. Philip III.81 viewsTetradrachm, 323 - 317 BC, "Babylon" mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΟΣ ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. M at left, ΛΥ between the rungs of the throne.
16.99 gm., 27 mm.
P. #P181; M. #99; S. #6749.

Martin J. Price assigns this coin to the mint at "Babylon," but he says (p. 455) that coins with the M-ΛΥ monograms may have to be assigned to Susa after further study.
Callimachus
051_Caracalla,_RIC_IV-I_222,_Rome,_AR-Den,_ANTONINVS_PIVS_AVG_BRIT,_MARTI_PACATORI,_210-13_AD,_Q-001,_0h,_18-18,5mm,_2,97g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 222, Rome, AR-Denarius, MARTI PACATORI, Mars standing front, Scarce! #1144 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 222, Rome, AR-Denarius, MARTI PACATORI, Mars standing front, Scarce! #1
avers: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate head right.
reverse: MARTI PACATORI, Mars standing front, head left, holding olive-branch, reversed spear and shield.
exergue:-/-//--, diameter: 18,0-18,5mm, weight: 2,97g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 210-213 A.D., ref: RIC IV-I 222, p-217, RSC 149, BMC 81, Scarce!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Caracalla_AR-Den_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-BRIT_MARTI-PRO-PV-GNATORI_RIC-IV-I-223-p-217_C-150_Rome_213-AD_Q-001_0h_18-18,5mm_2,32g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 223, Rome, AR-Denarius, MARTI PRO PVGNATORI, Mars advancing left, #184 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 223, Rome, AR-Denarius, MARTI PRO PVGNATORI, Mars advancing left, #1
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-BRIT, Laureate head right.
revers:- MARTI-PRO-PV-GNATORI, Mars advancing left, holding spear and trophy.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 18-18,5mm, weight: 2,32g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 213 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-223, p-217, C-150,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Caracalla_AR-Den_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-BRIT_MARTI-PRO-PVGNATORI_RIC-IV-I-223-p-217_C-150_Rome_213-AD_Q-001_axis-1h_18-18,5mm_2,97g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 223, Rome, AR-Denarius, MARTI PRO PVGNATORI, Mars advancing left, #285 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 223, Rome, AR-Denarius, MARTI PRO PVGNATORI, Mars advancing left, #2
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-BRIT, Laureate head right.
revers:- MARTI-PRO-PVGNATORI, Mars advancing left, holding spear and trophy.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 18-18,5mm, weight: 2,96g, axis: 1h,
mint: Rome, date: 213 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-223, p-217, C-150,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
051_Caracalla,_RIC_IV-I_307,_Rome,_AR-Den,_ANTONINVS_PIVS_AVG_GERM,_MARTI_PROPVGNATORI,_213_AD,_Q-001,_6h,_17,5-18,5mm,_2,14g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 307, Rome, AR-Denarius, MARTI PRO PVGNATORI, Mars advancing left, Scarce! #1138 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 307, Rome, AR-Denarius, MARTI PRO PVGNATORI, Mars advancing left, Scarce! #1
avers: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, Laureate head right.
reverse: MARTI PROPVG NATORI, Mars advancing left, holding spear and trophy.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5-18,5mm, weight: 2,14g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 213-217 A.D., ref: RIC IV-I 307, p-258, RSC 152, Scarce!
Q-001
quadrans
Geta_AR-Den_P-SEPTIMIVS-GETA-CAES_MARTI-VICTORI_RIC-IV-I-103-p-_RSC-76_Laodicea_ad_Mare-203-AD_Q-001_11h_17-19mm_2,74g-s.jpg
053 Geta (209-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 103, Laodicea ad Mare, AR-Denarius, MARTI-VICTORI, Mars advancing right, #170 views053 Geta (209-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 103, Laodicea ad Mare, AR-Denarius, MARTI-VICTORI, Mars advancing right, #1
avers:- P-SEPTIMIVS-GETA-CAES, Bare-headed, draped bust right.
revers:- MARTI-VICTORI, Mars advancing right, holding spear and trophy.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 19mm, weight: 2,74g, axis:11h,
mint: Laodicea ad Mare, date: 203 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-103-p-, RSC-76,
Q-001
quadrans
marti_pacifero.jpg
0569w (11)52 viewsAtelier : ROME
Droit : GALLIENUS AVG
Revers : MARTI PACIFERO
2,95g ; 20mm ; 6h
icos
088.JPG
0570a (158)13 viewsAtelier : ROME
Droit : GALLIENUS AVG
Revers : MARTI PACIFERO
4,08 g ; 20 mm ; 12h
Ségusiaves
RI_064oj_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - O4 - RIC -28 viewsObv:–IMP CA L SE SEV PER AVG COS II, laureate head right
Rev:– MART-I V-ICTORI, Mars advancing right carrying spear and trophy.
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194 – A.D. 195
Reference:– cf. BMCRE 378 note. RIC 406b. RSC 324e. (all citing Cohen 324 - Kholl)

Another example of this odd set of obverse legends.
maridvnvm
RI_064ek_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -43 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG II C, Laureate head right
Rev:– MARTI VICT, Mars advancing right carrying spear and trophy
Minted in Emesa, 194 - 195 A.D.
References:– RIC -. RSC -. BMC -.

2.84g, 19.74mm, 0o

Obverse and reverse die match to an example in the Roger Bickford-Smith collection.
maridvnvm
RI 064gb img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -41 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERTE AVG IMP II, Laureate head right
Rev:– MARTI VICTOR, Mars advancing right carrying spear and trophy
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 194
References:– RIC -, RSC -, BMCRE -.
Would be near RIC 457
maridvnvm
RI_064og_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -23 viewsObv:- L - SEPT SEV PE-RT AVG IMP VIII, laureate head right
Rev:- MARTI VICT, Mars advancing right carrying spear and trophy.
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 195 - 196
Reference:– BMC -. RIC -. RSC -.

This type with this reverse legend not listed in any of the major references for this issue.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064rl_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus Denarius - RIC -27 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, laureate head right
Rev:– MARTI VICTOR, Mars advancing right carrying spear and trophy
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194 - 195
Reference(s) – BMCRE -. RIC -. RSC - . (unlisted reverse legend variation)
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064qt_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -17 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG II C, Laureate head right
Rev:– MARTI VICT, Mars advancing right carrying spear and trophy
Minted in Emesa, 194 - 195 A.D.
References:– RIC -. RSC -. BMC -.

A different reverse die to my previous example.
maridvnvm
RI_064gb_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -3 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERTE AVG IMP II, Laureate head right
Rev:– MARTI VICTOR, Mars advancing right carrying spear and trophy
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 194
References:– RIC -, RSC -, BMCRE -.
Would be near RIC 457
maridvnvm
RI 064dt img~0.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 01344 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– LEG XIII GEM / TR P COS, Legionary eagle between two standards.
Minted in Rome. A.D. 193
Reference:– Cohen 269. BMCRE 17, RIC 13 (Scarce)

Legion XIII Gemina was stationed at Apulum in Dacia. It is important for collectors to distinguish carefully issues of this scarce legion from the common Legion XIIII Gemina Marti Victrix. Legion XIII coins never have 'MV' following 'LEG XIII GEM' while Legion XIIII coins always have 'MV' following 'LEG XIIII GEM'.
maridvnvm
RI_064je_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 11323 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PART AVG IMP X, Laureate head right
Rev:– MARTI PACIFERO, Mars standing left, right foot atop of helmet & holding branch & reversed spear.
Minted in Rome. A.D. 197 - 198
References:– BMCRE W 250. RIC 113. RSC 315.
maridvnvm
RI_064a_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 13436 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV AVG IMP XI PART MAX, Laureate head right
Rev:– MARTI VICTORI, Mars standing right, holding spear and leaning on shield set on helmet
Minted in Rome, A.D. 198-200
References:– RIC 134, RSC 321a
maridvnvm
RI_064jm_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 40523 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS - (II), Laureate head right
Rev:– MARTI VICT, Mars advancing right carrying spear and trophy
Minted in Emesa, 194 - 195 A.D.
References:– BMCRE W377 (The coin cited for all the references is the same coin, which appears to be a normal COS II obverse that has been tooled to create a NIGER obverse legend, IMP CAE S C PESC NIGER IVST AVG COS II. No other examples of this reverse legend cited for COS II so still quite scarce). RIC 405. RSC 318c .

2.64g, 18.89mm, 180o
maridvnvm
RI_064mh_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 40520 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS - (II), Laureate head right
Rev:– MARTI VICT, Mars advancing right carrying spear and trophy
Minted in Emesa, 194 - 195 A.D.
References:– BMCRE W377 (The coin cited for all the references is the same coin, which appears to be a normal COS II obverse that has been tooled to create a NIGER obverse legend, IMP CAE S C PESC NIGER IVST AVG COS II. No other examples of this reverse legend cited for COS II so still quite scarce). RIC 405. RSC 318c .
maridvnvm
RI_064jf_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 405a var.17 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, laureate head right
Rev:– MARTI VICTO, Mars advancing right carrying spear and trophy
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194-195
References:– BMCRE W 378 note var. RIC 405a var. RSC 318e var.

All these references cite a single coin from the Reka Devnia hoard page 98, which in itself refers to Cohen 324 var. Cohen 324 is MART VICT and has CA and PER as obverse legend variations and so it is implied that this coin also has the same obverse legend variations. Perhaps this interpretation is incorrect and it is simply the regular COS II legend as on my coin, which is think is quite likely.
maridvnvm
RI 064ak img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 50970 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV AVG IMP XI PART MAX, Laureate head right
Rev:– MARTI VICTORI, Mars standing right, holding spear and leaning on shield set on captive
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 198 – 202
References:– VM 80/1, RIC 509 (Common), RSC 321
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 064dd img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 50928 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV AVG IMP XI PART MAX, Laureate head right
Rev:– MARTI VICTORI, Mars standing right, holding spear and leaning on shield set on captive
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 198 – 202
References:– VM 80/1, RIC 509 (Common), RSC 321
maridvnvm
RI 064ak img~0.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 50920 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV AVG IMP XI PART MAX, Laureate head right
Rev:– MARTI VICTORI, Mars standing right, holding spear and leaning on shield set on captive
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 198 – 202
References:– VM 80/1, RIC 509 (Common), RSC 321
maridvnvm
RI 064dd img~0.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 50917 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV AVG IMP XI PART MAX, Laureate head right
Rev:– MARTI VICTORI, Mars standing right, holding spear and leaning on shield set on captive
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 198 – 202
References:– VM 80/1, RIC 509 (Common), RSC 321
maridvnvm
RI_064dx_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC Page 139 (-)25 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS I, Laureate head right
Rev:– MARTI VICT, Mars advancing right carrying spear and trophy
Minted in Emesa, 194 - 195 A.D.
References:– RIC -. RSC 318b. BMC 617.

2.64g, 18.89mm, 180o
maridvnvm
RI 066w img.jpg
066 - Caracalla denarius - RIC 01139 viewsObv:– M AVR ANTON CAES PONTIF, Young bare-headed bust, draped right
Rev:– MARTI VLTORI, Mars, naked except for cloak floating around waist, walking right holding spear and trophy
Reference:– Van Meter 48. RIC 11. RSC 154.
maridvnvm
RI 066an img.jpg
066 - Caracalla denarius - RIC 22239 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate bust right
Rev:– MARTI PACATORI, Mars standing front, head left, holding branch and spear, resting left hand on shield at side
Minted in Rome.
Reference:– Van Meter 46. RIC 222 (Scarce). RCV02 6818. RSC 149.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 066ag img.jpg
066 - Caracalla denarius - RIC 22331 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate bust right
Rev:– MARTI PROPVGNATORI, Mars in military dress, hurrying left holding spear and trophy
Reference:– BMCRE 87. RIC 223. RSC 150.
maridvnvm
RI 066q img.jpg
066 - Caracalla denarius - RIC 30740 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, Laureate head right
Rev:– MARTI PROPVGNATORI, Mars walking left, holding trophy and shield.
Minted in Rome. A.D. 213.
Reference:– RIC 307. RSC 152.
maridvnvm
RI_068an_img.jpg
068 - Geta denarius - RIC - (RIC 103 var)18 viewsObv:– P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES, Draped and cuirassed, bare headed bust right
Rev:– MARTI VICTOR, Mars advancing right, holding spear & trophy
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 203
Reference:– BMC -. RIC -. BMCRE 742 and RIC 103 are MARTI VICTORI and the bust type is draped only.
maridvnvm
RI 068o img.jpg
068 - Geta denarius - RIC 103 47 viewsObv:– P SEPTIMVS GETA CAES, Draped, bare headed bust right
Rev:– MARTI VICTORI, Mars advancing right holding spear and trophy
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, 203 A.D.
References:– RIC 103 (Scarce), RSC 76
maridvnvm
RI_068aq_img.jpg
068 - Geta denarius - RIC 10339 viewsObv:– P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES, draped bust right
Rev:– MARTI VICTORI, Mars advancing right, holding spear & trophy
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 203
Reference:– BMC 742. RIC 103. RSC 76.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
75.jpg
075 Hostilian. AR antoinianus19 viewsobv: C VALENS HOSTIL MES QVINTVS N C rad. drp. bust r.
rev: MARTI PROPVGNATORI mars adv. r. holding spear and shield
hill132
RI 077ab img.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander denarius - RIC 160 (base metal)38 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– MARTI PACIFERO, Mars, standing left, holding branch and reversed spear
maridvnvm
RI 077y img.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander denarius - RIC 28946 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, Laureate, draped bust right
Rev:– MARTI PACIFERO, Mars standing front, head left holding branch & spear.
Minted in Antioch. A.D. 222-228
Reference:– RIC 289, RSC 173
maridvnvm
07g-Constantine-Tre-862.jpg
07g. Constantine: Treveri follis.14 viewsFollis, 310 - May 313, Treveri mint.
Obverse: CONSTANTINVS P F AVG / Laureate bust of Constantine.
Reverse: MARTI CONSERVATORI / Mars standing, leaning on reversed spear, resting shield on ground. T in left field; F in right field.
Mint mark: PTR
3.80 gm., 23.5 mm.
RIC #862; PBCC #155a; Sear #15981.
Callimachus
07i-Constantine-Tre-884.jpg
07i. Constantine: Treveri follis.20 viewsFollis, 310 - 313, Treveri mint.
Obverse: CONSTANTINVS P F AVG / Laureate bust of Constantine.
Reverse: MARTI CONSERVATORI / Helmeted bust of Mars.
Mint mark: (none)
4.05 gm., 23 mm.
RIC #884; PBCC #156; Sear #16001.
Callimachus
Hostilian_AR-Antoninianus_C-VALENS-HOSTIL-MES-QVINTVS-N-C_MARTI-PROPVGNATORI_RIC-177b-Tr_Dec__C-15_Rome_251-AD_Q-001_axis-7h_20,5-22mm_3,63g-s.jpg
082 Hostilian (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 177b, Rome, MARTI PROPVGNATORI, Caesar, Scarce!,67 views082 Hostilian (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 177b, Rome, MARTI PROPVGNATORI, Caesar, Scarce!,
avers:- C VALENS HOSTIL MES QVINTVS N C, radiate, draped bust right,
revers:- MARTI PROPVGNATORI, Mars advancing right holding spear and shield.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 20,5-22 mm, weight: 3,63 g, axis: 7 h,
mint: Rome, date: 251 A.D., ref: RIC-177b, p-144, C-15, scarce,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Hostilianus_AE-27-Ses_C-VAL-HOST-M-QVINTVS-CAE_PM-S-C-OL-VI_AN_XII_P-150_PM-04-03-03_Q-001_1h_27mm_13,45gx-s.jpg
082p Hostilianus (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 04-03-05var., AE-Sestertius, #0161 views082p Hostilianus (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 04-03-05var., AE-Sestertius, #01
avers:- C VAI HOST M OVINTVS CAE (not listed Legend var.), bare headed, draped, cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PM S C OL VI, Moesia standing facing, head left, right hand holding branch and the left hand holding globe.
exergo: -/-//AN XII, diameter: 27mm, weight: 13,45g, axis: 1h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 250-251 A.D., ref: Pick-150var, PM-4-03-05var (OVINTVS not in Pick-Martin !), Mus-,
Q-001
quadrans
Treb-Gallus_AR-Ant_IMP-C-C-VIB-TREB-GALLVS-AVG_dot_IVNO-MARTIALIS_dot_RIC-83_C-_Antioch-3rd_-iss__251-53-AD_Q-001_11h_20,5-23mm_4,63g-s.jpg
083 Trebonianus Gallus (251-253 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 083, Antioch, IVNO MARTIALIS, Juno seated left, 94 views083 Trebonianus Gallus (251-253 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 083, Antioch, IVNO MARTIALIS, Juno seated left,
avers: IMP-C-C-VIB-TREB-GALLVS-AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right "•" belowe the bust.
revers: IVNO-MARTIALIS, Juno seated left, holding corn ears and sceptre.
exe: -/-//•, diameter: 20,5-23 mm, weight: 4,63g, axis: 11h,
mint: Antioch, 3rd. issue, date: 251-253 A.D., ref: RIC IV-III 083,
Q-001
quadrans
084_Volusian_(251-253_A_D_),_AR-Ant_,_IMP_CAE_C_VIB_VOLVSIANO_AVG,_IVNONI_MARTIALI,_RIC_IV_177,_Q-001_1h,21-22mm,3,04g-s.jpg
084 Volusian (251-253 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 177, Rome, IVNONI MARTIALI, Juno seated left, Very Rare!156 views084 Volusian (251-253 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 177, Rome, IVNONI MARTIALI, Juno seated left, Very Rare!
avers: IMP CAE C VIB VOLVSIANO AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: IVNONI MARTIALI, Juno seated left, wearing kalathos, holding corn-ears and globe.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 21,0-22,0 mm, weight: 3,04 g, axis: 1h, Very Rare!
mint: Rome, date: 251-253 A.D., ref: RIC IV-III 177, p-,
Q-001
4 commentsquadrans
Aemilian_AR-Ant_IMP-AEMILIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_MARTI-PACIF_RIC-IV-III-5b-p195_C-22_253-AD_R_Q-001_axis-1h_19-22,5mm_3,25ga-s.jpg
085 Aemilian (253 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 005b, Rome, MARTI PACIF, Mars advancing left, Rare!110 views085 Aemilian (253 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 005b, Rome, MARTI PACIF, Mars advancing left, Rare!
avers:- IMP-AEMILIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- MARTI-PACIF, Mars advancing left, holding branch and spear with shield.
exerg: , diameter: 19-22,5 mm, weight: 3,25 g, axis: 1 h,
mint: Rome, date: 253 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-5b, p195, C-22, Sear5-9836, Rare!,
Q-001
quadrans
Gallienus_AE-Ant_GALLIENVS-AVG_MARTI-PACIFERO_A_RIC-V-I-236A_C-614_Gobl-570a_Rome_-AD_Q-001_0h_21,5-24,5mm_6,47ga-s.jpg
090b Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 236A, Rome, Sole reign, MARTI PACIFERO, Mars left, (Very heavy, double thickness !!!)125 views090b Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 236A, Rome, Sole reign, MARTI PACIFERO, Mars left, (Very heavy, double thickness !!!)
avers:- GALLIENVS-AVG, Radiated bust right.
revers:- MARTI-PACIFERO, Mars standing left holding shield on ground in let and olive branch in right, spear behind, H in left field.
exerg: A/-//--, diameter: 21,5-24,5mm, weight: 6,47g!!!, axes: 0h, thickness:2,5mm,
mint: Rome, date: 253-268-A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-236A, p-151, C-614, Gobl-570a
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Gallienus_AE-Ant_GALLIENVS-AVG_MARTI-PACIFERO_H_RIC-V-I-236H-p-151_C-614_Rome_253-268-AD_Q-001_5h_22mm_3,83ga-s.jpg
090b Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 236H, Rome, Sole reign, MARTI PACIFERO, Mars left,109 views090b Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 236H, Rome, Sole reign, MARTI PACIFERO, Mars left,
avers:- GALLIENVS-AVG, Radiated bust right.
revers:- MARTI-PACIFERO, Mars standing left holding shield on ground in let and olive branch in right, spear behind, H in left field.
exerg: H/-//--, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,83g, axes: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 253-268-A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-236H, p-151,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
2750063-1.jpg
1) Julius Caesar24 viewsIMPERATORIAL ROME
Julius Caesar
AR Denarius (16mm, 2.97 g, 11h)
42 BC. Posthumous issue. Rome mint. L. Mussidius Longus, moneyer.

Laureate head right / Rudder, cornucopia on globe, winged caduceus, and flamen’s cap.

Crawford 494/39b; CRI 116; Sydenham 1096c; RSC 29. Fine, porous, bankers’ marks on obverse.

Property of Princeton Economics acquired by Martin Armstrong. Ex Stack’s (3 December 1996), lot 769.

Ex CNG
RM0008
1 commentsSosius
Personajes_Imperiales_10.jpg
10 - Personalities of the Empire44 viewsSeverus II, Maxentius, Romulus, Constantine I, Helena, Fausta, Alexander, Licinius I, Constantia, Maximinus II, Valerius Valens, Licinius II, Crispus and Martinianusmdelvalle
RI_100h_img.jpg
100 - Trebonianus Gallus - RIC 0836 viewsAntoninianus
Obv:– IMP C C VIB TREB GALLVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped cuirassed bust right
Rev– IVNO MARTIALIS, Juno seated left, holding corn ears and sceptre
Minted in Antioch. A.D. 251 - 253
Reference:– RIC 83. RSC 47

Weight 4.86g. 22.50mm. 0 degrees
maridvnvm
Claudius-II__AE-Ant_IMP-CLAVDIVS-AVG_MARTI-PACIF_X_T-529_off-10_RIC-72_C-_Roma_270-AD__Q-001_1h_19-20mm_3,24g-s.jpg
104 Claudius II. (268-270 A.D.), T-0529 (Estiot), RIC V-I 072, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, MARTI PACIF, X/-//--, Mars in military dress walking left, 176 views104 Claudius II. (268-270 A.D.), T-0529 (Estiot), RIC V-I 072, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, MARTI PACIF, X/-//--, Mars in military dress walking left,
avers: IMP-CLAVDIVS-AVG, Radiate bust right, (A1).
revers: MARTI-PACIF, Mars in military dress walking left, holding olive branch in right hand, transverse spear and round shield in left hand. (Mars 1b).
exerg: X/-//--, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 3,24g, axes: 1h,
mint: Rome, iss-, off-10, date: 270 A.D., ref: T-0529 (Estiot), RIC V-I 072,
Q-001
quadrans
RI 107n img.jpg
107 - Gallienus Antoninianus - RIC 236a30 viewsObv:– GALLIENVS AVG, Radiate bust right
Rev:– MARTI PACIFERO, Mars standing left holding olive branch, shield and spear, "A" in left field
Minted in Rome, A in left field.
Reference:– RIC 236a (Scarce), RSC 617a.
maridvnvm
T-3365,_Tacitus,_AE-Ant_,_IMP_C_M_CL_TACITVS_AVG_(D1),MART_I_P_ACIF_(M1c),_S,_RIC-145,_iss-1,_off-2,_Ticinum_275_AD,_Q-001,_1h,_21,5mm,_3,32g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3365, RIC V-I 145, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, MARTI PACIF, -/-//S, Bust-B1, Mars left, #168 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3365, RIC V-I 145, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, MARTI PACIF, -/-//S, Bust-B1, Mars left, #1
avers: IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum. (D1).
reverse: MART I P ACIF, Mars in military dress walking left, holding an olive branch in right hand, transverse spear and long oval shield in left hand. (Mars 1c).
exergue: -/-//S, diameter: 21,5mm, weight: 3,32g, axes: 1h,
mint: Ticinum, iss.-1., off.-2., date: 275 AD., ref: RIC-145., T-(Estiot)-3365, C-,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
T-3366_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(B1)_MART-I-P-ACIF-(M1c)_S_RIC-145_T-3366_iss-1_off_2_Ticinum-275-AD_Q-001_6h_22mm_3,76g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3366, RIC V-I 145, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, MARTI PACIF, -/-//S, Bust-B1, Mars left, #162 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3366, RIC V-I 145, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, MARTI PACIF, -/-//S, Bust-B1, Mars left, #1
avers: IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. (B1).
reverse: MART I P ACIF, Mars in military dress walking left, holding an olive branch in right hand, transverse spear and long oval shield in left hand. (Mars 1c).
exergue: -/-//S, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,76g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, iss.-1., off.-2., date: 276 AD., ref: RIC-145., T-(Estiot)-3366, C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3408_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-CM-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(D1l)_MART-I-P-ACIF-(M1c)_S_T-3408_Ticinum-276-AD_Q-0017h_21,5-23mm_3,75g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3408, RIC V-I 145, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, MARTI PACIF, -/-//S, Bust-D1., Mars advancing left, #1100 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3408, RIC V-I 145, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, MARTI PACIF, -/-//S, Bust-D1., Mars advancing left, #1
avers: IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
reverse: MART I P ACIF, Mars in military dress walking left, holding an olive branch in right hand, transverse spear and long oval shield in left hand, (M1c).
exergue: -/-//S, diameter: 21,5-23,0mm, weight: 3,75g, axes: 7h,
mint: Ticinum, issue-2., off-2., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC V-I 145, T-(Estiot)-3408, LV 1565-604,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
T-3413_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-CM-CL-TACITVS-P-F-AVG-(D1l)_MART-I-P-ACIF-(M1c)_S_RIC-temp-3413_Ticinum-276-AD_Q-001_6h_21-22mm_3,77g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3413, RIC V-I ???, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, MARTI PACIF, -/-//S, Bust-D1.left, Mars advancing left, #172 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3413, RIC V-I ???, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, MARTI PACIF, -/-//S, Bust-D1.left, Mars advancing left, #1
avers: IMP C M CL TACITVS P F AVG, Bust left, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1l.).
reverse: MART I P ACIF, Mars in military dress walking left, holding an olive branch in right hand, transverse spear and long oval shield in left hand, (M1c).
exergue: -/-//S, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 3,77g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, issue-2., off-2., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-, T-(Estiot)-3413, LV 1605,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3836_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG_MART-I-P-ACIF_V_RIC-145_Siscia-5th-issue_276-AD__Q-001_6h_22,5mm_4,80ga-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3836, RIC V-I 145, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, MARTI PACIF, -/-//V, Bust-B1, Mars in military dress walking left, #162 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3836, RIC V-I 145, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, MARTI PACIF, -/-//V, Bust-B1, Mars in military dress walking left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. (B1).
revers:- MART-I-P-ACIF, Mars in military dress walking left, holding olive branch in r. hand, transverse spear and long oval shield in l. hand. (Mars 1c).
exerg: -/-//V, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 4,80g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia, 5th.issue, date: 276 AD., ref: RIC-145., T-(Estiot)-3836, C-,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_177_112_Probus_AE-Ant_PRO-BV-S-P-F-AVG_MARTI-PACIF_R-Q-Gamma_(EQVITI)_Bust-F_RIC-177-p-36_Rome_7em_282-AD_Q-001_6h_19,5-21mm_2,98g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 177, Rome, MARTI PACIF, Bust-F, -/-//R Q Γ, Mars walking left, #1116 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 177, Rome, MARTI PACIF, Bust-F, -/-//R Q Γ, Mars walking left, #1
avers: PROBV-S-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (F)
revers: MARTI PACIF, Mars walking left, holding olive-branch, spear and shield. Billowing cloak behind shield.
exergo: -/-//R Q Γ, diameter: 19,5-21mm, weight: 2,98g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, 7th emission of Rome, date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-177, p-36, C-350,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
RIC_508_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-PROBVS-AVG_MART-I-PACIF_I_star_Q-XXI_RIC-508_p-71_Ticinum-10th-emission_282-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 508, Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-H, I/*//QXXI, Mars walking left,161 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 508, Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-H, I/*//QXXI, Mars walking left,
avers: IMP-C-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle. (H)
revers: MART-I-PACIF, Mars walking left, holding olive-branch, spear and shield.
exerg: I/*//QXXI, diameter: 20,4-24,0mm, weight: 3,81g, axes: 0h,
mint: Ticinum, 10th-emission, date: 282A.D., ref: RIC V-II 508, p-71 ,
Q-001
This coin is part of the EQVITI series ("I") of Ticinum.
quadrans
RIC_508_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-PROBVS-AVG_MART-I-PACIF_I_Q-XXI_RIC-508_p-71_Ticinum-9th-emission_281-AD_Q-001_0h_22,5-24mm_3,01g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 508, Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-H, I/-//QXXI, Mars walking left, #194 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 508, Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-H, I/-//QXXI, Mars walking left, #1
avers: IMP C PROBVS AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle. (H)
revers: MART I PACIF, Mars walking left, holding olive-branch, spear and shield.
exerg: I/-//QXXI, diameter: 22,5-24mm, weight: 3,01g, axes: 0h,
mint: Ticinum, 9th-emission, date: 281A.D., ref: RIC V-II 508, p-71 ,
Q-001
This coin is part of the EQVITI series ("I") of Ticinum.
quadrans
RIC_508_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-PROBVS-AVG_MART-I-PACIF_I_Q-XXI_RIC-508_p-71_Ticinum-9th-emission_281-AD_Q-002_6h_22,0-24,5mm_4,19g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 508, Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-H, I/-//QXXI, Mars walking left, #2127 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 508, Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-H, I/-//QXXI, Mars walking left, #2
avers: IMP C PROBVS AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle. (H)
revers: MART I PACIF, Mars walking left, holding olive-branch, spear and shield.
exerg: I/-//QXXI, diameter: 22,0-24,5mm, weight: 4,19g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, 9th-emission, date: 281A.D., ref: RIC V-II 508, p-71 ,
Q-002
This coin is part of the EQVITI series ("I") of Ticinum.
2 commentsquadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG_MART-I-PACIF_I_Q-XXT_RIC-509_C-000_Ticinum-9th-emission_281_Q-001_axis-_21-23mm_3_xxg-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 509, Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-G, I/-//QXXI, Mars walking left, #1, C,264 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 509, Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-G, I/-//QXXI, Mars walking left, #1, C,
avers:- VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left., holding spear and shield. (9,G)
revers:- MART-I-PACIF, Mars walking left, holding olive-branch, spear and shield. Mintmark: In left field I. EQV"I"TI
exerg: I/-//QXXI, diameter: 23-24mm, weight: 3,95g, axis: 0h,
mint: Ticinium, 9th emission, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-509, p-71, C-358, "C",
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_VIRTVS-PROBI-A-VG_MART-I-PACIF_I_Q-XXI_RIC-509_p-71_Ticinum-9th-emission_281-AD_Q-002_axis-0h_23,5-24,5mm_4,24g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 509, Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-G, I/-//QXXI, Mars walking left, #2, C,108 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 509, Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-G, I/-//QXXI, Mars walking left, #2, C,
avers:- VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left., holding spear and shield. (9,G)
revers:- MART-I-PACIF, Mars walking left, holding olive-branch, spear and shield. Mintmark: In left field I. EQV"I"TI
exerg: I/-//QXXI, diameter: 23,5-24,5mm, weight: 4,24g, axis: 0h,
mint: Ticinium, 9th emission, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-509, p-71, C-358, "C",
Q-002
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_VIRTVS-PROBI-A-VG_MART-I-PACIF_I_Q-XXI_RIC-509_p-71_Ticinum-9th-emission_281-AD_Q-003_axis-11h_22,5-23,5mm_4,68g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 509, Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-G, I/-//QXXI, Mars walking left, #3, C,74 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 509, Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-G, I/-//QXXI, Mars walking left, #3, C,
avers:- VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left., holding spear and shield. (9,G)
revers:- MART-I-PACIF, Mars walking left, holding olive-branch, spear and shield. Mintmark: In left field I. EQV"I"TI
exerg: I/-//QXXI, diameter: 22,5-23,5mm, weight: 4,68g, axis: 11h,
mint: Ticinium, 9th emission, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-509, p-71, C-358, "C",
Q-003
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_VIRTVS-PROBI-A-VG_MART-PACIF_Delta-XXI_RIC-543_p-74_Ticinum_-AD_Q-001_axis-11h_22-22,5mm_3,70g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 543, Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-G, -/-//ΔXXI, Mars walking left, , C,70 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 543, Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-G, -/-//ΔXXI, Mars walking left, , C,
avers:- VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left., holding spear and shield. (9,G)
revers:- MART-I-PACIF, Mars walking left, holding olive-branch, spear and shield.
exerg: -/-//ΔXXI, diameter: 22-22,5mm, weight: 3,70g, axis: 11h,
mint: Ticinium, 9th emission, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-543, p-74, C-358, "C",
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_544var_,_112_Probus,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_PROBVS_AVG_CONS_III,_MARTI_PACIF,_Ticinum_6th-em,_4th-off,_279AD_Q-001,_11h,_22,0mm_3,4ga-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 544ver., Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-H2/H, Δ/-//--, Mars walking left, Rare! #165 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 544ver., Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-H2/H, Δ/-//--, Mars walking left, Rare! #1
avers: IMP C PROBVS AVG CONS III, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by an eagle. (H2/H)
reverse: MART I PACIF, Mars walking left, holding olive-branch, spear, and shield.
exergue: Δ/-//--, diameter: 22,0mm, weight: 3.40g, axes: 11h,
mint: Ticinum, 6th-emission, 4th-off., date: 279A.D., ref: RIC V-II 544var., Rare!
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
121w.jpg
121w Constantine I. AE follis 13 viewsobv: IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG laur. drp. cuir. bust r.
ex: MARTI CON_SERVTORI Mars r. holding spear and shield
ex: T-F//PTR
hill132
RI 124b img.jpg
124 - Quintillus Ant. - RIC 05851 viewsObv:– IMP QVINTILLVS AVG, Radiate, draped bust right
Rev:– MARTI PAC, Mars standing left, holding olive-branch & spear
Minted in Milan. (P in exe). A.D. 270
Reference:– RIC 58. Cohen 47.
maridvnvm
RI 125r img.jpg
125 - Aurelian Ant. - RIC 133 Bust Type A 23 viewsObverse Legend – IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated draped bust right
Reverse Legend – MARTI PACIF, Mars standing left, holding an olive branch and a transverse spear
Minted in Milan. (P in exe). A.D. 275
Reference:– RIC 133 Bust Type A
maridvnvm
RI_125al_img.jpg
125 - Aurelian Ant. - RIC 133 Bust Type A8 viewsAntoninianus
Obv:– IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated draped bust right
Rev:– MARTI PACI, Mars standing left, holding an olive branch, shield and a transverse spear
Minted in Milan, 2nd emission (Q in exe). Summer A.D. 271
Reference:– RIC 133 Bust Type A (noted also appears with shield). RIC temp #1448 (16 ex.). LV 1801-2
maridvnvm
RI 130e img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 14522 viewsObv:– IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– MARTI PACIF, Mars walking left, holding olive branch, spear and shield
Minted in Ticinum (S in exe)
References:– RIC 145 Bust Type C
maridvnvm
Lcnius1.jpg
1308b, Licinius I, 308 - 324 A.D. (Siscia)59 viewsLicinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D. Bronze follis, RIC 4, F, Siscia, 3.257g, 21.6mm, 0o, 313 - 315 A.D. Obverse: IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; Reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN, Jupiter standing left holding Victory on globe and scepter, eagle with wreath in beak left, E right, SIS in exergue.



De Imperatoribus Romanis : An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Licinius (308-324 A.D.)

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University

Licinius' Heritage

Valerius Licinianus Licinius, more commonly known as Licinius, may have been born ca. 265. Of peasant origin, his family was from Dacia. A close friend and comrade of arms of the Emperor Galerius, he accompanied him on his Persian expedition in 297. When campaigns by Severus and Galerius in late 306 or early 307 and in the summer of 307, respectively, failed to dislodge Maxentius who, with the luke warm support of his father Maximianus Herculius, was acclaimed princeps on 28 October 306, he was sent by the eastern emperor to Maxentius as an ambassador; the diplomatic mission, however, failed because the usurper refused to submit to the authority of his father-in-law Galerius. At the Conference of Carnuntum which was held in October or November of 308, Licinius was made an Augustus on 11 November 308; his realm included Thrace, Illyricum, and Pannonia.

Licinius' Early Reign

Although Licinius was initially appointed by Galerius to replace Severus to end the revolt of Maxentius , Licinius (perhaps wisely) made no effort to move against the usurper. In fact, his first attested victory was against the Sarmatians probably in the late spring, but no later than the end of June in 310. When the Emperor Galerius died in 311, Licinius met Maximinus Daia at the Bosporus during the early summer of that year; they concluded a treaty and divided Galerius' realm between them. It was little more than a year later that the Emperor Constantine defeated Maxentius at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge on 28 October 312. After the defeat of the usurper, Constantine and Licinius met at Mediolanum (Milan) where Licinius married the former's sister Constantia; one child was born of this union: Valerius Licinianus Licinius. Licinius had another son, born of a slave woman, whose name is unknown. It appears that both emperors promulgated the so-called Edict of Milan, in which Constantine and Licinius granted Christians the freedom to practice their faith without any interference from the state.

As soon as he seems to have learned about the marital alliance between Licinius and Constantine and the death of Maxentius, who had been his ally, Daia traversed Asia Minor and, in April 313, he crossed the Bosporus and went to Byzantium, which he took from Licinius after an eleven day siege. On 30 April 313 the armies of both emperors clashed on the Campus Ergenus; in the ensuing battle Daia's forces were routed. A last ditch stand by Daia at the Cilician Gates failed; the eastern emperor subsequently died in the area of Tarsus probably in July or August 313. As soon as he arrived in Nicomedeia, Licinius promulgated the Edict of Milan. As soon as he had matters in Nicomedeia straightened out, Licinius campaigned against the Persians in the remaining part of 313 and the opening months of 314.

The First Civil War Between Licinius and Constantine

Once Licinius had defeated Maximinus Daia, the sole rulers of the Roman world were he and Constantine. It is obvious that the marriage of Licinius to Constantia was simply a union of convenience. In any case, there is evidence in the sources that both emperors were looking for an excuse to attack the other. The affair involving Bassianus (the husband of Constantius I's daughter Anastasia ), mentioned in the text of Anonymus Valesianus (5.14ff), may have sparked the falling out between the two emperors. In any case, Constantine' s forces joined battle with those of Licinius at Cibalae in Pannonia on 8 October 314. When the battle was over, Constantine prevailed; his victory, however, was Pyrrhic. Both emperors had been involved in exhausting military campaigns in the previous year and the months leading up to Cibalae and each of their realms had expanded so fast that their manpower reserves must have been stretched to the limit. Both men retreated to their own territory to lick their wounds. It may well be that the two emperors made an agreement, which has left no direct trace in the historical record, which would effectively restore the status quo.

Both emperors were variously engaged in different activities between 315 and 316. In addition to campaigning against the Germans while residing in Augusta Treverorum (Trier) in 315, Constantine dealt with aspects of the Donatist controversy; he also traveled to Rome where he celebrated his Decennalia. Licinius, possibly residing at Sirmium, was probably waging war against the Goths. Although not much else is known about Licinius' activities during this period, it is probable that he spent much of his time preparing for his impending war against Constantine; the latter,who spent the spring and summer of 316 in Augusta Treverorum, was probably doing much the same thing. In any case, by December 316, the western emperor was in Sardica with his army. Sometime between 1 December and 28 February 317, both emperors' armies joined battle on the Campus Ardiensis; as was the case in the previous engagement, Constantine' s forces were victorious. On 1 March 317, both sides agreed to a cessation of hostilities; possibly because of the intervention of his wife Constantia, Licinius was able to keep his throne, although he had to agree to the execution of his colleague Valens, who the eastern emperor had appointed as his colleague before the battle, as well as to cede some of his territory to his brother-in-law.

Licinius and the Christians

Although the historical record is not completely clear, Licinius seems to have campaigned against the Sarmatians in 318. He also appears to have been in Byzantium in the summer of 318 and later in June 323. Beyond these few facts, not much else is known about his residences until mid summer of 324. Although he and Constantine had issued the Edict of Milan in early 313, Licinius turned on the Christians in his realm seemingly in 320. The first law that Licinius issued prevented bishops from communicating with each other and from holding synods to discuss matters of interest to them. The second law prohibited men and women from attending services together and young girls from receiving instruction from their bishop or schools. When this law was issued, he also gave orders that Christians could hold services only outside of city walls. Additionally, he deprived officers in the army of their commissions if they did not sacrifice to the gods. Licinius may have been trying to incite Constantine to attack him. In any case, the growing tension between the two rulers is reflected in the consular Fasti of the period.

The Second Civil War Between Licinius and Constantine and Licinius' Death

War actually broke out in 321 when Constantine pursued some Sarmatians, who had been ravaging some territory in his realm, across the Danube. When he checked a similar invasion of the Goths, who were devastating Thrace, Licinius complained that Constantine had broken the treaty between them. Having assembled a fleet and army at Thessalonica, Constantine advanced toward Adrianople. Licinius engaged the forces of his brother-in-law near the banks of the Hebrus River on 3 July 324 where he was routed; with as many men as he could gather, he headed for his fleet which was in the Hellespont. Those of his soldiers who were not killed or put to flight, surrendered to the enemy. Licinius fled to Byzantium, where he was besieged by Constantine. Licinius' fleet, under the command of the admiral Abantus, was overcome by bad weather and by Constantine' s fleet which was under the command of his son Crispus. Hard pressed in Byzantium, Licinius abandoned the city to his rival and fled to Chalcedon in Bithynia. Leaving Martinianus, his former magister officiorum and now his co-ruler, to impede Constantine' s progress, Licinius regrouped his forces and engaged his enemy at Chrysopolis where he was again routed on 18 September 324. He fled to Nicomedeia which Constantine began to besiege. On the next day Licinius abdicated and was sent to Thessalonica, where he was kept under house arrest. Both Licinius and his associate were put to death by Constantine. Martinianus may have been put to death before the end of 324, whereas Licinius was not put to death until the spring of 325. Rumors circulated that Licinius had been put to death because he attempted another rebellion against Constantine.

Copyright (C) 1996, Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

Cleisthenes
Licin1AEFolJupiAlex.jpg
1308c, Licinius I, 308-324 A.D. (Alexandria)66 viewsLicinius I, 308-324 A.D. AE Follis, 3.60g, VF, 315 A.D., Alexandria. Obverse: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG - Laureate head right; Reverse: IOVI CONS-ERVATORI AVGG - Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on a globe and scepter; exergue: ALE / (wreath) over "B" over "N." Ref: RIC VII, 10 (B = r2) Rare, page 705 - Hunterian Museum, Glasgow, Scotland.


De Imperatoribus Romanis : An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Licinius (308-324 A.D.)

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University

Licinius' Heritage

Valerius Licinianus Licinius, more commonly known as Licinius, may have been born ca. 265. Of peasant origin, his family was from Dacia. A close friend and comrade of arms of the Emperor Galerius, he accompanied him on his Persian expedition in 297. When campaigns by Severus and Galerius in late 306 or early 307 and in the summer of 307, respectively, failed to dislodge Maxentius who, with the luke warm support of his father Maximianus Herculius, was acclaimed princeps on 28 October 306, he was sent by the eastern emperor to Maxentius as an ambassador; the diplomatic mission, however, failed because the usurper refused to submit to the authority of his father-in-law Galerius. At the Conference of Carnuntum which was held in October or November of 308, Licinius was made an Augustus on 11 November 308; his realm included Thrace, Illyricum, and Pannonia.

Licinius' Early Reign

Although Licinius was initially appointed by Galerius to replace Severus to end the revolt of Maxentius , Licinius (perhaps wisely) made no effort to move against the usurper. In fact, his first attested victory was against the Sarmatians probably in the late spring, but no later than the end of June in 310. When the Emperor Galerius died in 311, Licinius met Maximinus Daia at the Bosporus during the early summer of that year; they concluded a treaty and divided Galerius' realm between them. It was little more than a year later that the Emperor Constantine defeated Maxentius at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge on 28 October 312. After the defeat of the usurper, Constantine and Licinius met at Mediolanum (Milan) where Licinius married the former's sister Constantia; one child was born of this union: Valerius Licinianus Licinius. Licinius had another son, born of a slave woman, whose name is unknown. It appears that both emperors promulgated the so-called Edict of Milan, in which Constantine and Licinius granted Christians the freedom to practice their faith without any interference from the state.

As soon as he seems to have learned about the marital alliance between Licinius and Constantine and the death of Maxentius, who had been his ally, Daia traversed Asia Minor and, in April 313, he crossed the Bosporus and went to Byzantium, which he took from Licinius after an eleven day siege. On 30 April 313 the armies of both emperors clashed on the Campus Ergenus; in the ensuing battle Daia's forces were routed. A last ditch stand by Daia at the Cilician Gates failed; the eastern emperor subsequently died in the area of Tarsus probably in July or August 313. As soon as he arrived in Nicomedeia, Licinius promulgated the Edict of Milan. As soon as he had matters in Nicomedeia straightened out, Licinius campaigned against the Persians in the remaining part of 313 and the opening months of 314.

The First Civil War Between Licinius and Constantine

Once Licinius had defeated Maximinus Daia, the sole rulers of the Roman world were he and Constantine. It is obvious that the marriage of Licinius to Constantia was simply a union of convenience. In any case, there is evidence in the sources that both emperors were looking for an excuse to attack the other. The affair involving Bassianus (the husband of Constantius I's daughter Anastasia ), mentioned in the text of Anonymus Valesianus (5.14ff), may have sparked the falling out between the two emperors. In any case, Constantine' s forces joined battle with those of Licinius at Cibalae in Pannonia on 8 October 314. When the battle was over, Constantine prevailed; his victory, however, was Pyrrhic. Both emperors had been involved in exhausting military campaigns in the previous year and the months leading up to Cibalae and each of their realms had expanded so fast that their manpower reserves must have been stretched to the limit. Both men retreated to their own territory to lick their wounds. It may well be that the two emperors made an agreement, which has left no direct trace in the historical record, which would effectively restore the status quo.

Both emperors were variously engaged in different activities between 315 and 316. In addition to campaigning against the Germans while residing in Augusta Treverorum (Trier) in 315, Constantine dealt with aspects of the Donatist controversy; he also traveled to Rome where he celebrated his Decennalia. Licinius, possibly residing at Sirmium, was probably waging war against the Goths. Although not much else is known about Licinius' activities during this period, it is probable that he spent much of his time preparing for his impending war against Constantine; the latter,who spent the spring and summer of 316 in Augusta Treverorum, was probably doing much the same thing. In any case, by December 316, the western emperor was in Sardica with his army. Sometime between 1 December and 28 February 317, both emperors' armies joined battle on the Campus Ardiensis; as was the case in the previous engagement, Constantine' s forces were victorious. On 1 March 317, both sides agreed to a cessation of hostilities; possibly because of the intervention of his wife Constantia, Licinius was able to keep his throne, although he had to agree to the execution of his colleague Valens, who the eastern emperor had appointed as his colleague before the battle, as well as to cede some of his territory to his brother-in-law.

Licinius and the Christians

Although the historical record is not completely clear, Licinius seems to have campaigned against the Sarmatians in 318. He also appears to have been in Byzantium in the summer of 318 and later in June 323. Beyond these few facts, not much else is known about his residences until mid summer of 324. Although he and Constantine had issued the Edict of Milan in early 313, Licinius turned on the Christians in his realm seemingly in 320. The first law that Licinius issued prevented bishops from communicating with each other and from holding synods to discuss matters of interest to them. The second law prohibited men and women from attending services together and young girls from receiving instruction from their bishop or schools. When this law was issued, he also gave orders that Christians could hold services only outside of city walls. Additionally, he deprived officers in the army of their commissions if they did not sacrifice to the gods. Licinius may have been trying to incite Constantine to attack him. In any case, the growing tension between the two rulers is reflected in the consular Fasti of the period.

The Second Civil War Between Licinius and Constantine and Licinius' Death

War actually broke out in 321 when Constantine pursued some Sarmatians, who had been ravaging some territory in his realm, across the Danube. When he checked a similar invasion of the Goths, who were devastating Thrace, Licinius complained that Constantine had broken the treaty between them. Having assembled a fleet and army at Thessalonica, Constantine advanced toward Adrianople. Licinius engaged the forces of his brother-in-law near the banks of the Hebrus River on 3 July 324 where he was routed; with as many men as he could gather, he headed for his fleet which was in the Hellespont. Those of his soldiers who were not killed or put to flight, surrendered to the enemy. Licinius fled to Byzantium, where he was besieged by Constantine. Licinius' fleet, under the command of the admiral Abantus, was overcome by bad weather and by Constantine' s fleet which was under the command of his son Crispus. Hard pressed in Byzantium, Licinius abandoned the city to his rival and fled to Chalcedon in Bithynia. Leaving Martinianus, his former magister officiorum and now his co-ruler, to impede Constantine' s progress, Licinius regrouped his forces and engaged his enemy at Chrysopolis where he was again routed on 18 September 324. He fled to Nicomedeia which Constantine began to besiege. On the next day Licinius abdicated and was sent to Thessalonica, where he was kept under house arrest. Both Licinius and his associate were put to death by Constantine. Martinianus may have been put to death before the end of 324, whereas Licinius was not put to death until the spring of 325. Rumors circulated that Licinius had been put to death because he attempted another rebellion against Constantine.

Copyright (C) 1996, Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

Cleisthenes
RI_132jx_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 042 - Bust Type F (Lugdunum) (II)13 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right
Rev:– MARTI PACIFERO, Mars standing. left, holding olive-branch and spear, and leaning on shield.
Minted in Lugdunum (II in exe) Emission 2 Officina 2. from November to December A.D. 276
Reference:– Cohen 365. Bastien 167. RIC 42 Bust type F.

3.96 gms
maridvnvm
RI_132vv_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 088 - Bust Type C20 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
Rev:– MARTI VICTORI AVG, Mars standing left, holding laurel-branch and spear, shield behind.
Minted in Lugdunum (//II) Emission 7 Officina 2. Summer A.D. 281
Reference:– Bastien 317 (5 examples cited). RIC 88 Bust type C.

4.14 gms
maridvnvm
RI_132ta_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 089 - Bust Type F (Lugdunum) (II)15 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS • P • F • AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right
Rev:– MARTI VICTORI AVG, Mars standing left, holding laurel-branch and spear; to left behind him, shield
Minted in Lugdunum (II in exe) Emission 7, Officina 2. Summer A.D. 281
Reference:– Bastien 320 (5 examples cited). RIC 89 Bust type F

2.93 gms
maridvnvm
RI_132xq_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 089 - Bust Type F (Lugdunum) (II)27 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS • P • F • AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right
Rev:– MARTI VICTORI AVG, Mars standing left, holding laurel-branch and spear; to left behind him, shield
Minted in Lugdunum (II in exe) Emission 7, Officina 2. Summer A.D. 281
Reference:– Bastien 320 (5 examples cited). RIC 89 Bust type F

3.72 gms
maridvnvm
RI 132bt img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 177 - Bust type F (Rome) (RQΓ)31 viewsObv:– PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– MARTI PACIF, Mars walking left, holding olive-branch, spear and shield. Billowing cloak behind shield
Minted in Rome (RQΓ in exe) Emission 7 Officina 3. A.D. 282
Reference(s) – RIC 177 Bust type F
Weight 4.22 gms
Size 23.22mm

Part of the AEQVITI series of Rome (Q)
maridvnvm
RI 132m img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 508 - Bust Type H (Ticinum) (I | _ / QXXI)28 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– MARTI PACIF, Mars walking left, holding olive-branch, spear and shield
Minted in Ticinum (I in left field, QXXI in exe), Emission 9, Officina 4. A.D. 281
Reference:– RIC 508 Bust type H
Part of coded EQVITI series (first I)
maridvnvm
RI_132xf_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 508- Bust Type H22 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– MARTI PACIF, Mars walking left, holding olive-branch, spear and shield
Minted in Ticinium (I | * / QXXI), Emission 10, Officina 4. A.D. 282
Reference(s) – RIC 508 Bust type H

Part of EQVITI series II (I)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 132q img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 509 - Bust Type G (Ticinum) (I | _ / QXXI)24 viewsObv:– VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Radiate helmeted, cuirassed bust left with spear and shield
Rev:– MARTI PACIF, Mars walking left holding olive branch, spear and shield
Minted in Ticinum (I in left field, QXXI in exe) Emission 9 Officina 4. A.D. 281
Reference:– RIC 509 Bust type G
Part of coded EQVITI series (first I)
maridvnvm
RI 132ng img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 511 - Bust Type H (Ticinum) (I | _ / QXXI)40 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG CONS III, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– MARTI PACIF, Mars walking left, holding olive-branch, spear and shield
Minted in Ticinum (I in left field, QXXI in exe), Emission 9, Officina 4. A.D. 281
Reference:– RIC 511 Bust type H (Scarce)
Part of coded EQVITI series (first I)
maridvnvm
RI 132qw img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 543 - Radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield (Ticinum) (ΔXXI)30 viewsObv:– VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield.
Rev:– MARTI PACIF, Mars walking left, holding olive-branch, spear and shield
Minted in Ticinum (ΔXXI) Emission 6, second phase with XXI, Officina 2. A.D. 279
Reference:– RIC 543 Radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield (Rare)
maridvnvm
RI 132uj img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 544 Bust type H (Ticinum)19 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS AVG CONS III, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– MARTI PACIF, Mars walking left, holding olive-branch, spear and shield
Minted in Ticinum (//ΔXXI) Emission 6, second phase with XXI, Officina 2. A.D. 279
Reference:– RIC 544 Bust Type H (R2)

Ex-Forvm
maridvnvm
RI_132fi_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 699 (near) - Bust Type F (Siscia) (_ | VII / XXI) 33 viewsObv:– IMP PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– MARTI PACIFERO, Mars standing left, holding olive-branch, spear and shield
Minted in Siscia (VII in right field, XXI in exe) Emission 7, Officina 7. A.D. 280
Reference:– RIC Unlisted near 699 Bust type C. (Reverse type not listed with this obverse legend)
Martin Griffiths
RI 141r img~0.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Rome 17330 viewsObv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– MARTI PACIF, Mars, standing left, holding branch in right hand, holding a sceptre and resting left hand on shield
Minted in Rome (XXIE in exe)
References:– Cohen 316 (6Fr). RIC V Part 2 Rome 173
maridvnvm
RI_155aj_img.jpg
155 - Licinius I - Follis - RIC VII Ticinum 13 12 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right
Rev:– MARTI CON-SERVATORI, Mars, helmeted, in military dress, cloak over right shoulder, standing right, holding upright spear, point downwards, resting left hand on shield
Minted in Ticinum (* | _ // ST). A.D. 314-315
Reference(s) – RIC VII Ticinum 13 (Rated R3)
maridvnvm
RI_155ap_img.jpg
155 - Licinius I - Follis - RIC VII Ticinum 13 var 29 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right
Rev:– MARTI CON-SERVATORI, Mars, helmeted, in military dress, cloak over right shoulder, standing right, holding upright spear, point downwards, resting left hand on shield
Minted in Ticinum (* | _ // PT). A.D. 314-315
Reference:– RIC VII Ticinum 13 var (Unlisted officina - Example noted on NotInRIC)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_160fg_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - AE Folis - RIC VI Lugdunum 304 23 viewsObv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right (seen from rear)
Rev:- MARTI CO-NSERVATORI, Mars helmeted, in military dress, cloak hanging over right shoulder, standing, right, holding reversed spear, left hand leaning on shield
Minted in Lugdunum (F | T / PLC). Sping A.D. 310-311
Reference:– Bastien XI 531 (34 examples of which 29 with this reverse legend break). RIC VI Lugdunum 304 (C)

24.30 mm. 3.98 gms. 45 degrees.
maridvnvm
RI_160fv_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - Follis - RIC VI London 251 16 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– MARTI CO-NSERVATORI. Mars helmeted, in military dress, cloak hanging over right shoulder, standing, right, holding reversed spear, left hand leaning on shield
Minted in London (* | _ // PLN). Late A.D. 312- May A.D. 313
Reference:– RIC VI London 251 (Rated S with CON-S, noted rarely occurring with CO-NS. This seems to be supported by a spot check of other coins of this issue)
maridvnvm
RI_160gd_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - Follis - RIC VI Lyons 24248 viewsAE Follis
Obv:– IMP C CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– MARTI PATRI PROPVGNATORI, Mars, naked, advancing right, holding transverse spear in right hand and shield
Minted in Lugdunum (N|_// PLC). Autumn A.D. 307 - 309/310
Reference:– RIC VI Lyons 242 (S). Bastien 462 (9 examples cited)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_160dp_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - Follis - RIC VI Trier 86236 viewsObv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– MARTI CONSERVATORI. Mars helmeted, in military dress, spread cloak, standing, right, holding reversed spear, left hand leaning on shield
Minted in Trier (T | F / PTR).
Reference:– RIC VI Trier 862

Weight 4.63g. 23.27mm.
maridvnvm
RI 160ce img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VI London 25125 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:–. MARTI CONSERVATORI, Mars helmeted, in military dress, spread cloak, standing, right, holding reversed spear, left hand leaning on shield
Minted in London (* | _ / PLN). Late A.D. 312-313
Reference:– RIC VI London 251 (Scarce)
maridvnvm
RI 160db img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VI Lugdunum 29428 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP C CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped bust right (seen from the rear)
Rev:– MARTI PATRI CONSERVATORI, Helmeted Mars, naked, standing right, right hand holding reversed spear, left hand leaning on shield
Mint – Lugdunum (CI | H/S / PLC) Autumn A.D. 308 to Spring A.D. 309
Reference:– RIC VI Lugdunum 294 (Scarce). Bastien XI 511 (20)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 160ck img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VI Ticinum 124a42 viewsFollis
Obv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate cuirassed bust right
Rev:–. MARTI CONSERVATORI. Mars helmeted, in military dress, spread cloak, standing, right, holding reversed spear, left hand leaning on shield
Minted in Ticinum (//TT). A.D. 312-313
Reference:– RIC VI Ticinum 124a (S)
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_160gj_imga.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VI Ticinum 124a37 viewsFollis
Obv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate cuirassed bust right
Rev:–. MARTI CONSERVATORI. Mars helmeted, in military dress, spread cloak, standing, right, holding reversed spear, left hand leaning on shield
Minted in Ticinum (//TT). A.D. 312-313
Reference:– RIC VI Ticinum 124a (S)
3 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 160ai img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VI Trier 77656 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– MARTI PATRI PROPVGNATORI, Mars, naked but for chlamys, advancing right with transverse spear and shield.
Minted in Trier. S in left field, A in right field, PTR in exe. A.D. 307 – 308
Reference:– RIC VI Trier 776 (Scarce)
maridvnvm
RI 160aw img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VI Trier 77631 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– MARTI PATRI PROPVGNATORI, Mars, naked but for chlamys, advancing right with transverse spear and shield.
Minted in Trier. S in left field, A in right field, PTR in exe. A.D. 307 – 308
Reference:– RIC VI Trier 776 (Scarce)
maridvnvm
RI_160gn_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VI Trier 85530 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate cuirassed bust right
Rev:- MARTI CON-SERVATORI, Mars helmeted, in military dress, spread cloak, standing, right, holding reversed spear, left hand leaning on shield
Minted in Trier (T | F / PTR). A.D. 310 - 313
Reference(s) – RIC VI Trier 855 (S).

3.64g. 23.95 mm. 180 degrees.
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_160fu_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VI Trier 881 (Follis)30 viewsObv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG. Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– MARTI CONSERVATORI. Helmeted bust of Mars facing right
Minted in Trier (unmarked). A.D. 310 - 313
Reference:– RIC VI Trier 881
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 160bt img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VI Trier 88439 viewsFollis
Obv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– MARTI CONSERVATORI, Helmeted bust of Mars facing right
Minted in Trier
Reference– RIC VI Trier 884
maridvnvm
RI 160bt img~0.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VI Trier 88431 viewsFollis
Obv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG. Laureate and cuirassed bust right
Rev:–. MARTI CONSERVATORI. Helmeted bust of Mars facing right
Minted in Trier
Reference:– RIC VI Trier 884
maridvnvm
RI_160ft_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VI Trier 897 (Half Follis)18 viewsHalf Follis
Obv:– CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– MARTI CONSERV, Mars helmeted, in military dress, spread cloak, standing, right, holding reversed spear, left hand leaning on shield
Minted in Trier (// PTR). A.D. 310 - 311
Reference:– RIC VI Trier 897 (S)
maridvnvm
RI_160fw_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VI Trier 897 (Half Follis)15 viewsHalf Follis
Obv:– CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– MARTI CONSERV, Mars helmeted, in military dress, spread cloak, standing, right, holding reversed spear, left hand leaning on shield
Minted in Trier (// PTR). A.D. 310 - 311
Reference:– RIC VI Trier 897 (S)
maridvnvm
RI_160fq_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Lugdunum 01019 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right (seen from rear)
Rev:- MARTI CON-SERVATORI, Mars helmeted, in military dress, cloak hanging over right shoulder, standing, right, holding reversed spear, left hand leaning on shield
Minted in Lugdunum (T | F / PLC). A.D. 315
Reference:– Bastien XI 570 (30 examples cited). RIC VII Lugdunum 10 (R2)

20.19mm. 3.41 gms. 180 degrees.
maridvnvm
RI_160dm_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Trier 08226 viewsFollis
Obv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:–. MARTI CON-SERVATORI. Mars helmeted, in military dress, spread cloak, standing, right, holding reversed spear, left hand leaning on shield
Minted in Trier (B | S / PTR). A.D. 315-316
Reference:– RIC VII Trier 82 (S)

Weight 3.62g. 21.48mm.
maridvnvm
RI 160cj img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Trier 11130 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate cuirassed bust right
Rev:– MARTI CONSERVATORI. Mars standing, right, holding spear and leaning on shield
Minted in Trier (T | F / BTR).
Reference:– RIC VII Trier 111 (R5)
maridvnvm
RI 160bu img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Trier 11438 viewsFollis
Obv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG. Laureate and cuirassed bust right
Rev:–. MARTI CONSERVATORI. Mars standing, right, holding spear and leaning on shield
Minted in Trier. T in left field, F in right field, ATR in exe.
Reference:– RIC VII Trier 114 (Scarce)
maridvnvm
RI_160fp_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Trier 11415 viewsFollis
Obv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG. Laureate and cuirassed bust right
Rev:–. MARTI CONSERVATORI. Mars standing, right, holding spear and leaning on shield
Minted in Trier. T in left field, F in right field, ATR in exe.
Reference:– RIC VII Trier 114 (Scarce)
maridvnvm
RI 160cd img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Trier 11837 viewsAE Follis
Obv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate cuirassed bust right
Rev:–. MARTI CON-SERVATORI. Mars helmeted, in military dress, spread cloak, standing, right, looking left, holding reversed spear, left hand leaning on shield
Minted in Trier (T | F / BTR). A.D. 315-316
Reference:– RIC VII Trier 118 (R4)
maridvnvm
RI_160gl_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII VII Trier 08029 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:–. MARTI CON-SERVATORI. Mars helmeted, in military dress, spread cloak, standing, right, holding reversed spear, left hand leaning on shield
Minted in Trier (A | S / PTR). A.D. 315-316
Reference(s) – RIC VII Trier 80 (R2)

3.76g. 20.44 mm. 180 degrees.
maridvnvm
verus_dup_RIC1445.jpg
161-169 AD - LUCIUS VERUS AE dupondius - struck 165-166 AD28 viewsobv: L VERVS AVG ARM PARTH MAX (radiate head right)
rev: TR POT VI IMP III COS II (parthian captive seated right at base of trophy, hands tied behind back, arms before), S-C in field
ref: RIC III 1445 (M.Aurelius) (C), C202 (3frcs)
mint: Rome
12.08gms, 24mm
Scarce

History: Between 162 and 166 Verus was in the East, nominally commanding a campaign against the Parthian empire for the control over the Armenian kingdom. Statius Priscus, Avidius Cassius and Martius Verus generals were entrusted with real command of the legions. Cassius led the overall campaign, destroyed the city of Seleucia on the Tigris and burned to the ground the palace at the capital Ctesiphon; Priscus led the invasion of Armenia that took the capital of Artashat (Artaxata); Martius Verus is limited only to the mention of his name by the ancients, but he was later the governor of Cappadocia. Lucius Verus received the title Parthicus Maximus in Aug. 165 AD.
berserker
M.Aurelius RIC890.jpg
161-180 AD - MARCUS AURELIUS AE sestertius - struck 163-164 AD45 viewsobv: M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG ARMENIACVS P M (laureated bearded head right)
rev: VICT AVG TR P XVIII IMP II COS III (Victory standing right holding trophy a captive Armenian at her feet), S-C in field
ref: RIC 890 (S), Cohen 984 (12 Francs 1878), BMC 1092
21.14gms, 30mm,
Rare

History: After the death of Antoninus Pius the parthian king, Vologaesus III run over Armenia in 161 AD. The Expeditio orientalis was started the next year from Capua,Italy. Statius Priscus, Avidius Cassius and Martius Verus were entrusted with command of the legions while Marcus Aurelius conducted affairs of the state back in Rome. The 5 year campaign (161 – 166 AD) against Parthia proved to be as decisive as any war in recent Roman history. A Roman candidate once again sat the Armenian throne and Parthia had been thoroughly defeated. This coin commemorate the end of the first phase of the Parthian War.
berserker
england_1841_maundy-two-pence_renee-dr-martin_in-flip_obv_05_rev_02.JPG
1841 Two Pence - Maundy28 viewsGreat Britain 1841 Maundy Two Pence. Photos taken through coin flip.

mintage: 4,158

Somewhat prooflike obverse.
rexesq
england_1870_1d_maundy_dr-martin_inside-flip_obv_01_rev_01.JPG
1870 One Pence - Maundy25 viewsGreat Britain 1870 Maundy One Pence
mintage: 7,920
1 commentsrexesq
england_1870_1d_maundy_dr-martin_inside-flip_obv_05_lincoln-cent.JPG
1870 One Pence - Maundy w/ US Lincoln Cent for Comparison28 viewsGreat Britain 1870 Maundy One Pence w/ US Lincoln Cent for size comparison.

mintage: 7,920
rexesq
dime_1929_dr-martin_obv_03_rev_02.JPG
1929 Dime - Dark Toning7 views~
~~
USA, 1929 'Mercury Dime'. Struck at the Philadelphia Mint in Pennsylvania.
A gift from an elderly man I worked for who collected coins and was a professor of the classics at Princeton University. You can see quite a bit of good detail on this coin remaining, the dark toning kinda makes it less noticeable, but I really like this little guy!
~~
~
rexesq
dime_1929_dr-martin_obv_02_rev_01_a.JPG
1929 Dime - Dark Toning5 views~
~~
USA, 1929 'Mercury Dime'. Struck at the Philadelphia Mint in Pennsylvania.
A gift from an elderly man I worked for who collected coins and was a professor of the classics at Princeton University. You can see quite a bit of good detail on this coin remaining, the dark toning kinda makes it less noticeable, but I really like this little guy!
~~
~
rexesq
194_Septimius_Severus_As_RIC_p_182stern_1.jpg
194_Septimius_Severus_As_RIC_p_182stern_19 viewsSeptimius Severus (193 – 211 AD)
AE As, Rome, early 194
L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP II;
Laureate head right
SAL AVG TR P II COS II, S-C;
Salus standing left, holding sceptre in left, patera in right over altar at feet
10,35 gr, 25 mm
RIC IVa, p. 182* (misdescribed); BMC V, p. 127 note (misdescribed); cf. C. 313 var. (Sestertius omitting IMP II)

From the Martin Griffiths Collection
ga77
1997-161-179_ProbusMartiPacif-Forum.jpg
1997.161.17919 viewsTicinum, 4.29 g

Obverse: IMP C PROBVS AVG; Radiate, wearing Imperial Mantle, bust left, holding in right hand scepter surmounted by eagle.
Reverse: MARTI PACIF; I| /QXXI; Mars advancing left, holding olive branch in raised right hand and carrying spear in left; shield over left shoulder.
Ref: RIC 508; Pink VI/1, pg 67, 9th emission, 281 AD, part of EQVITI series for Ticinum.
1 commentsgordian_guy
1997-161-180_ProbusMartiPacif-Forum.jpg
1997.161.18013 viewsTicinum, 3.55g

Obverse: VIRTVS PROBI AVG; Radiate, helmet, cuirassed, burst right; spear in right hand over right shoulder; shield on left shoulder.
Reverse: MARTI PACIF; I|*/QXXI; Mars advancing left, holding olive branch in raised right hand; spear in left hand and shield over left shoulder.
Ref: RIC 509; Pink, pg 67, 10th emission, 282 AD, part of EQVITI series for Ticinum.
gordian_guy
Lepidus_Antony_Quinarius.jpg
1af Lepidus_214 viewsQuinarius

M LEP IMP, simpulum, aspergillum, axe (surmounted by wolf's head) & ape

M ANT IMP, lituus, capis (jug) and raven

Military mint with Marcus Aemilius Lepidus & Antony in Transalpine Gaul, 44-42 BC

Cr489/3, Syd 1158a

Lepidus was a member of the Second Triumvirate.

According to Plutarch's Life of Pompey: Sulla, however, was annoyed at seeing to what a height of reputation and power Pompey was advancing, but being ashamed to obstruct his career, he kept quiet. Only, when in spite of him and against his wishes Pompey made Lepidus consul, by canvassing for him and making the people zealously support him through their goodwill towards himself, seeing Pompey going off through the forum with a throng, Sulla said: "I see, young man, that you rejoice in your victory; and surely it was a generous and noble thing for Lepidus, the worst of men, to be proclaimed consul by a larger vote than Catulus, the best of men, because you influenced the people to take this course. Now, however, it is time for you to be wide awake and watchful of your interests; you have made your adversary stronger than yourself." But Sulla showed most clearly that he was not well-disposed to Pompey by the will which he wrote. For whereas he bequeathed gifts to other friends, and made some of them guardians of his son, he omitted all mention of Pompey. And yet Pompey bore this with great composure, and loyally, insomuch that when Lepidus and sundry others tried to prevent the body of Sulla from being buried in the Campus Martius, or even from receiving public burial honours, he came to the rescue, and gave to the interment alike honour and security.

Soon after the death of Sulla, his prophecies were fulfilled, and Lepidus tried to assume Sulla's powers. He took no circuitous route and used no pretence, but appeared at once in arms, stirring up anew and gathering about himself the remnants of faction, long enfeebled, which had escaped the hand of Sulla. His colleague, Catulus, to whom the incorrupt and sounder element in the senate and people attached themselves, was the great Roman of the time in the estimate set upon his wisdom and justice, but was thought better adapted for political than military leadership. The situation itself, therefore, demanded Pompey, who was not long in deciding what course to take. He took the side of the nobility, and was appointed commander of an army against Lepidus, who had already stirred up a large part of Italy and was employing Brutus to hold Cisalpine Gaul with an army.

Other opponents against whom Pompey came were easily mastered by him, but at Mutina, in Gaul, he lay a long while besieging Brutus. Meanwhile, Lepidus had made a hasty rush upon Rome, and sitting down before it, was demanding a second consulship, and terrifying the citizens with a vast throng of followers. But their fear was dissipated by a letter brought from Pompey, announcing that he had brought the war to a close without a battle. For Brutus, whether he himself betrayed his army, or whether his army changed sides and betrayed him, put himself in the hands of Pompey, and receiving an escort of horsemen, retired to a little town upon the Po. Here, after a single day had passed, he was slain by Geminius, who was sent by Pompey to do the deed. And Pompey was much blamed for this. For as soon as the army of Brutus changed sides, he wrote to the senate that Brutus had surrendered to him of his own accord; then he sent another letter denouncing the man after he had been put to death. The Brutus who, with Cassius, killed Caesar, was a son of this Brutus, a man who was like his father neither in his wars nor in his death, as is written in his Life. As for Lepidus, moreover, as soon as he was expelled from Italy, he made his way over to Sardinia. There he fell sick and died of despondency, which was due, as we are told, not to the loss of his cause, but to his coming accidentally upon a writing from which he discovered that his wife was an adulteress.
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AgrippaAsNeptune.jpg
1ah Marcus Agrippa36 viewsDied 12 BC
As, minted by Caligula.

Head left wearing rostral crownt, M AGRIPPA L F COS III
Neptune standing facing, head left, naked except for cloak draped behind him & over both arms, holding small dolphin in right hand & vertical trident in left, SC

RIC 58

Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa (c 63 BC–12 BC) was a close friend, and defence minister of the future emperor Augustus. He was responsible for many of his military victories, most notably Actium against the forces of Mark Antony and Cleopatra VII of Egypt. He was son-in-law to Augustus, maternal grandfather of the Emperor Caligula, father-in-law of the Emperors Tiberius and Claudius, and maternal great-grandfather of the Emperor Nero. He probably served in Caesar’s campaign of 46/45 BC against Pompey and Caesar regarded him highly enough to send him with Octavius in 45 BC to study at Apollonia. From then on Agrippa played a major part in Augustus’ career, as military commander and admiral, also undertaking major public works, and writing works on geography (following his survey of the Empire) and other subjects. He erected many fine buildings in Rome, including the original Pantheon on the Campus Martius (during his third consulship 27 BC). He married Claudia Marcella the Elder, daughter of Octavia the Younger in 28 BC, and Julia the Elder in 21 BC, with whom he had five children. His daughter Agrippina Vipsania the Younger the married Tiberius, and his daughter Agrippina Vipsania the Elder married Germanicus. His last campaign initiated the conquest of the upper Danube region, which would become the Roman province of Pannonia in 13 BC. Augustus had Agrippa’s remains placed in his own mausoleum. Ronald Syme offers a compelling case that Agrippa was much more co-ruler of the empire with Augustus than he was a subordinate.
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CaracallaDenMars.jpg
1bu Caracalla29 views198-217

Denarius

Laureate head, right, ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT
Mars, MARTI PROPVGNATORI

RIC 223

The Historia Augusta, in the life of Severus, records: As he was advancing against Albinus, moreover, and had reached Viminacium 4 on his march, he gave his elder son Bassianus the name Aurelius Antoninus 5 and the title of Caesar, in order to destroy whatever hopes of succeeding to the throne his brother Geta had conceived. His reason for giving his son the name Antoninus was that he had dreamed that an Antoninus would succeed him. It was because of this dream, some believe, that Geta also was called Antoninus, in order that he too might succeed to the throne. . . . [After defeating Niger], he bestowed the. toga virilis on his younger son, Geta, and he united his elder son in marriage with Plautianus' daughter [Plautilla]. . . . Soon thereafter he appointed his sons to the consulship ; also he greatly honored his brother Geta. . . . Severus [in 198] invaded Parthia, defeated the king, and came to Ctesiphon; and about the beginning of the winter season he took the city. For this feat, likewise, the soldiers declared his son, Bassianus Antoninus, co-emperor; he had already been named Caesar and was now in his thirteenth year. And to Geta, his younger son, they gave the name Caesar. . . .

In the life of Caracalla, the history continues: He himself in his boyhood was winsome and clever, respectful to his parents and courteous to his parents' friends, beloved by the people, popular with the senate, and well able to further his own interests in winning affection. Never did he seem backward in letters or slow in deeds of kindness, never niggardly in largess or tardy in forgiving at least while under his parents. . . . All this, however, was in his boyhood. For when
he passed beyond the age of a boy, either by his father's advice or through a natural cunning, or because he thought that he must imitate Alexander of Macedonia,he became more reserved and stern and even somewhat savage in expression. . . .

After his father's death he went to the Praetorian Camp and complained there to the soldiers that his brother was forming a conspiracy against him. And so he had his brother slain in the Palace. . . . After this he committed many further murders in the city, causing many persons far and wide to be seized by soldier sand killed, as though he were punishing a rebellion. . . . After doing all this he set out for Gaul and immediately upon his arrival there killed the proconsul of Narbonensis. . . . Then he made ready for a journey to the Orient, but interrupted his march and stopped in Dacia. . . . Then he journeyed through Thrace accompanied by the prefect of the guard. . . . After this, turning to the war with the Armenians and Parthians, he appointed as military commander a man whose character resembled his own. . . . Then he betook himself to Alexandria. . . . [H]e issued an order to his soldiers to slay their hosts and thus caused great slaughter at Alexandria. . . . Next he advanced through the lands of the Cadusii and the Babylonians and waged a guerilla-warfare with the Parthian satraps, in which wild beasts were even let loose against the enemy. He then sent a letter to the senate as though he had won a real victory and thereupon was given the name Parthicus. . . .

After this he wintered at Edessa with the intention of renewing the war against the Parthians. During this time, on the eighth day before the Ides of April, the feast of the Megalensia and his own birthday, while on a journey to Carrhae to do honor to the god Lunus, he stepped aside to satisfy the needs of nature and was thereupon assassinated by the treachery of Macrinus the prefect of the guard, who after his death seized the imperial power.
1 commentsBlindado
TacitusAntMars.jpg
1dm Tacitus28 views275-276

AE antoninianus

Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust, right, IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG
Mars stg, MARTI PACIF

RIC 145

A rare emperor nominated by the Senate after the death of the widely revered Aurelianus.

Zonaras recorded: Tacitus, an elderly man, succeeded him. For it is written that he was seventy-five years old when he was chosen for monarchy. The army recognized him, though he was absent, for he was then residing in Campania. When he received the decision there, he entered Rome in private dress and, with the consent of the Senate and the People, donned the imperial garb.

The Scythians, having crossed Lake Maeotis and the Phasis River, attacked Pontus, Cappadocia, Galatia, and Cilicia. Tacitus, who had joined battle with them, and Florianus, who was prefect, slew many, and the remainder sought safety in flight. Tacitus appointed Maximinus, one of his kinsmen, as governor of Syria. But, when he behaved badly in his office, he was killed by his soldiers. Those who had killed him, frightened that the emperor would not leave them unpunished, set out after him too and killed him, not yet seven months after he had assumed sovereignty, but according to some not quite two years.

Zosimus, however, recorded, "Upon [Aurelianus'] death the empire fell into the hands of Tacitus, in whose time the Scythians crossed the Palus Maeotis, and made incursions through Pontus even into Cilicia, until he opposed them. Partly in person, and partly by Florianus, prefect of the court, whom he left in commission for that purpose, this emperor completely routed and destroyed them. He himself was going into Europe, but was thus circumvented and killed. He had committed the government of Syria to his cousin Maximinus, who treated the nobility of that country with such austerity, that he caused them both to hate and fear him. Their hatred became so excessive, that at length conspiring with the murderers of Aurelianus, they assaulted Maximinus, and having killed him, fell on and slew Tacitus also as he was upon his departure."
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Pergamon_bronzes.jpg
2 Pergamon Mysia Bronze97 viewsPergamon 2 coins, nice martial types; 1) Athena / Nike, 2) Athena / Trophy of Armor
ex FORVM
Adrian S
coins124.JPG
201. Septimius Severus14 viewsPax

In Roman mythology, Pax (Latin for peace) (she had the Greek equivalent Eirine) was recognized as a goddess during the rule of Augustus. On the Campus Martius, she had a temple called the Ara Pacis, and another temple on the Forum Pacis. She was depicted in art with olive branches, a cornucopia and a scepter. There was a festival in her honor on January 3.

Septimius Severus 193-211AD

Denarius 3.15g Obv: Head of Septimius Severus right 'L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIII' Rev: Pax seated left holding a branch and scepter 'P M TR P V COS II PP'

ecoli
RIC_0264b.jpg
202. CARACALLA254 viewsCARACALLA. 198-217 AD.

The emperor visited Alexandria for intellectual and religious reasons, staying at the Serapeum and being present at the temple's sacrifices and cultural events. Earlier, during the German war, the emperor visited the shrine of the Celtic healing-god Grannus. Caracalla also visited the famous temple of Asclepius in Pergamum and fully participated in its program, which involved sleeping inside the temple compound and having his dreams interpreted.

It was this religious devotion that led to Caracalla's murder in 217. Although suspicious of the praetorian prefect Macrinus, Caracalla allowed himself to be accompanied by only a small, select corps of bodyguards on an early spring trip from the camp at Edessa to the temple of the moon-god at Carrhae, about 25 miles away. During the journey back on 8 April 217, Caracalla was killed. The returning guards claimed the emperor was ambushed while defecating, and that the alleged assassin was one of their own, a soldier named Martialis. Martialis was himself killed by the avenging guards, or so the story went. Suspicion was strong that Macrinus arranged the entire affair.

Caracalla's violent end seemed appropriate for an emperor who, early in his reign, had his own brother killed. Yet the moralizing about fratricide by both ancient and modern historians obscures the energetic, reformist and even intellectual character of Caracalla's reign. Some of the reforms, especially the pay raise for soldiers, would prove burdensome for future emperors, but the changes brought about in the little more than five years of Caracalla's sole rule would have long-lasting implications throughout the empire for generations to come.

AR Denarius (19mm, 3.11 gm). Struck 215 AD. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, laureate head right / P M TR P XVIII COS IIII PP, Sol standing left, radiate, raising right hand and holding globe. RIC IV 264a; BMCRE 139; RSC 288. EF
Ex - CNG
2 commentsecoli73
3290481.jpg
202. Septimius Severus50 viewsThe Caledonians are next mentioned in 209, when they are said to have surrendered to the emperor Septimius Severus after he personally led a military expedition north of Hadrian's Wall, in search of a glorious military victory. Herodian and Dio wrote only in passing of the campaign but describe the Caledonians ceding territory to Rome as being the result. Cassius Dio records that the Caledonians inflicted 50,000 Roman casualties due to attrition and unconventional tactics such as guerrilla warfare. Dr. Colin Martin has suggested that the Severan campaigns did not seek a battle but instead sought to destroy the fertile agricultural land of eastern Scotland and thereby bring about genocide of the Caledonians through starvation.

By 210 however, the Caledonians had re-formed their alliance with the Maeatae and joined their fresh offensive. A punitive expedition led by Severus' son, Caracalla, was sent out with the purpose of slaughtering everyone it encountered from any of the northern tribes. Severus meanwhile prepared for total conquest but was already ill; he died at Eboracum (modern day York) in Britannia in 211. Caracalla attempted to take over command but when his troops refused to recognise him as emperor, he made peace with the Caledonians and retreated south of Hadrian's Wall to press his claim for the throne. Sheppard Frere suggests that Caracalla briefly continued the campaign after his father's death rather than immediately leaving, citing an apparent delay in his arrival in Rome and indirect numismatic and epigraphic factors that suggest he may instead have fully concluded the war but that Dio's hostility towards his subject led him to record the campaign as ending in a truce. Malcolm Todd however considers there to be no evidence to support this. Nonetheless the Caledonians did retake their territory and pushed the Romans back to Hadrians Wall.

In any event, there is no further historical mention of the Caledonians for a century save for a c. AD 230 inscription from Colchester which records a dedication by a man calling himself the nephew (or grandson) of "Uepogenus, [a] Caledonian". This may be because Severus' campaigns were so successful that the Caledonians were wiped out, however this is highly unlikely. In 305, Constantius Chlorus re-invaded the northern lands of Britain although the sources are vague over their claims of penetration into the far north and a great victory over the "Caledones and others" (Panegyrici Latini Vetares, VI (VII) vii 2). The event is notable in that it includes the first recorded use of the term 'Pict' to describe the tribes of the area.

Septimius Severus. AD 193-211. Ć As (25mm, 11.07 g, 7h). “Victoria Britannica” issue. Rome mint. Struck AD 211. Laureate head right / Victory standing right, holding vexillum; seated captives flanking. RIC IV 812a. Near VF, brown surfaces with touches of green and red, porous. Rare.

From the Fairfield Collection.

ex-cng EAuction 329 481/100/60
1 commentsecoli
caracalla_RIC223.jpg
213 AD - CARACALLA denarius18 viewsobv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT (laureate head right)
rev: MARTI PROPVGNATORI (Mars walking left, holding spear and trophy)
ref: RIC IVi 223, RSC 150 (3frcs)
mint: Rome
3.18gms, 19mm
Scarce
berserker
22-Celtic-Alex-tet.jpg
22. Celtic Alexander Tetradrachm (?)42 viewsTetradrachm, ca 2'nd century BC, Danube region.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. Tripod at left.
17.25 gm., 28 mm.

In researching this coin, I found five coins which are from the same pair of dies as this one. These are the only examples of this type (tripod on reverse) that I've been able to find.

1. Palladium sale #10 (Nov. 1995), attributed to the mint at Pella and catalogued as Muller #146.

2. Palladium sale #11 (April 1996), described as "unlisted in Price, and apparently unknown before a recent hoard find. Variant of Price 633."

3. CNG sale #54, lot 99, described as a Celtic imitation of Alexander's coinage from the Danube region, ca 2'nd century BC. c.f. Goble, OTA, 566. This is the coin pictured above.

4. CNG sale #72, lot 13, described as "Celtic, Lower Danube, uncertain tribe, early 3'rd century BC . . . . Unpublished in the standard references . . . . By virtue of its style, fabric, and weight, this Alexander imitation is certainly an early issue, probably struck during the first decades of the third century BC."

5. Harlan J Berk 156th Buy or Bid Sale (Oct. 2007), lot 75, described as "Possibly unpublished . . . Somewhat unusual style on the obverse."

Five coins from the same pair or dies, five different attributions. I will agree, though, with the last statement of coin #4 above, that this appears to be an early issue. This coin is on a thick flan resembling coins minted during Alexander's lifetime and immediately thereafter and is made from good silver. There is something a bit barbaric about the style of this coin, although there are genuine Alexander coins listed and pictured in Martin J. Price's book which are more barbaric than this one. An interesting coin.
1 commentsCallimachus
Hostilian-RIC-177b.jpg
22. Hostilian.12 viewsAntoninianus, 251 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: VALENS HOSTIL MES QVINTVS N C / Radiate bust of Hostilian.
Reverse: MARTI PROPVGNATORI / Mars advancing, holding spear and shield.
3.37 gm., 21 mm.
RIC #177b; Sear #9556.
Callimachus
22126.jpg
22126 Caracalla/Marti Pacatori15 viewsObv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT,
laureate head right.
Rev: MARTI PACATORI,
Mars standing left, holding upright
olive-branch in right hand, transverse spear in left
hand, and resting on shield.
Mint: Rome 19mm 3.16G
RIC IV-1 Rome 222; RSC 149
Blayne W
Caraculla.jpg
24 Caracalla27 viewsDenarius. 210-213 AD. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right / MARTI PACATORI, Mars standing front, head left, holding olive-branch, reversed spear & shield. RIC 222, RSC 149, BMC 81. Weight 3.17 gm. Die axis 12 hr. Max dia. 18.2 mmmix_val
24-Seleukos-I.jpg
24. Seleukos I.96 viewsTetradrachm, ca 305 - 304 BC, Seleuceia ad Tigram mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΟΣ ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. Monogram at left, ΔΙ under throne.
16.93 gm., 26 mm.
Houghton #941; ESM #4; BMC 4.1, 5.

In Eastern Seleucid Mints, E.T. Newell has this coin in Series 1, Group A. He suggests a date of 305 - 304 BC. Martin J. Price lists a coin in the name of Alexander the Great (#3784) with the exact same monograms. He suggests a date of ca 295 BC for the coin, but admits the whole attribution is very tentative.
2 commentsCallimachus
rjb_juno_109_05_06.jpg
251b22 viewsTrebonianus Gallus 251-3 AD
AE sestertius
Obv "IMP CAES C VIBIVS TREBONIANVS GALLVS AVG"
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "IVNONI MARTIALI SC"
Juno seated left in a distyle circular temple, peacock to left
Rome mint
RIC 110a
mauseus
rjb_juno_252a_05_06.jpg
251c22 viewsVolusian 251-3 AD
AE sestertius
Obv "IMP CAE C VIB VOLVSIANO AVG"
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "IVNONI MARTIALI SC"
Juno seated left in a tetrastyle circular temple, peacock to left
Rome mint
RIC 252a
mauseus
rjb_juno_252b_05_06.jpg
251c21 viewsVolusian 251-3 AD
AE as
Obv "IMP CAE C VIB VOLVSIANO AVG"
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "IVNONI MARTIALI SC"
Juno seated left in a tetrastyle circular temple, peacock to left
Rome mint
RIC 252b
mauseus
rjb_2012_07_07.jpg
260a13 viewsQuietus 260-1 AD
AR antoninianus
Eastern mint
Obv "IMP C FVL QVIETVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "MARTI PROVGNATORI" (sic)
Mars walking right holding spear and shield
cf RIC 7
mauseus
ClaudiusII-Ric 66.jpg
268-270 AD - Claudius Gothicus - AE Antoninianus75 viewsIMP C CLAVDIVS AVG - Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust
MARS VLTOR - Mars striding right, spear in right hand, and trophy over left shoulder

References Ric V, part1, 66, Cohen 160

very pleasing example of this 'Martial" coin! (IMHO)
jimwho523
rjb_2012_02_14.jpg
27021 viewsQuintillus 270 AD
AE antoninianus
Milan Mint
IMP QVINTILLVS AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
MARTI PACI
Mars standing left with spear and olive branch
-/-//P
RIC 58
1 commentsmauseus
Treb-Gallus-RIC-69.jpg
28. Trebonianus Gallus.10 viewsAntoninianus, ca 251 - 253 AD, Milan mint.
Obverse: IMP C C VIB TREB GALLVS AVG / Radiate bust of Gallus.
Reverse: IVNO MARTIALIS / Juno seated, holding sceptre and ear of corn.
3.45 gm., 19.5 mm.
RIC #69; Sear #9361.
Callimachus
2012_01_02.jpg
283a50 viewsCarinus 283-5 AD
AE quinarius
Ticinum Mint
M AVR CARINVS C
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
MARTI VICTORI
Mars walking right holding spear and shield
RIC 264 (Rome); King 2
3 commentsmauseus
03382z00.jpg
315. Quintillus109 viewsQuintillus, August or September - October or November 270 A.D.

Marcus Aurelius Claudius Quintillus (d. 270) was brother of the Roman Emperor Claudius II, and became the Emperor himself in 270.

Historia Augusta reports that he became Emperor in a coup d'état. Eutropius reports Quintillus to have been elected by soldiers of the Roman army immediately following the death of his brother. The choice was reportedly approved by the Roman Senate. Joannes Zonaras however reports him elected by the Senate itself.

Records however agree that the legions which had followed Claudius in campaigning along the Danube were either unaware or disapproving of Quintillus' elevation. They instead elevated their current leader Aurelian to the rank of Augustus. Historia Augusta reports Aurelian to have been chosen by Claudius himself as a successor, apparently in a deathbed decision.

The few records of Quintillus' reign are contradictory. They disagree on the length of his reign, variously reported to have lasted as few as 17 days and as many as 177 days (about six months). Records also disagree on the cause of his death. Historia Augusta reports him murdered by his own soldiers in reaction to his strict military discipline. Jerome reports him killed, persumably in conflict with Aurelian. John of Antioch and Joannes Zonaras reported Quintillus to have committed suicide by opening his veins and bleeding himself to death. John reports the suicide to have been assisted by a physician. Claudius Salmasius pointed that Dexippus recorded the death without stating causes. All records however agree in placing the death at Aquileia.

Quintillus was reportedly survived by his two sons.

Historia Augusta reports Claudius and Quintillus having another brother named Crispus and through him a niece, Claudia. who reportedly married Eutropius and was mother to Constantius Chlorus. Historians however suspect this account to be a genealogical fabrication to flatter Constantine the Great.

Surviving Roman records considered Quintillus a moderate and capable Emperor. He was seen as a champion of the Senate and thus compared to previous Emperors Servius Sulpicius Galba and Publius Helvius Pertinax. All three were highly regarded by Senatorial sources despite their failure to survive a full year of reign.

Bronze antoninianus, RIC 58, C-47, S 3246, EF, 3.37g, 19.9mm, 180o, Mediolanum mint, obverse IMP QVINTILLVS AVG, radiate and draped bust right; reverse MARTI PACI, Mars holding olive branch and spear, P in ex; found in England; Ex Forum
1 commentsecoli
830_P_Hadrian_RPC335.jpg
335 PELOPONNESUS, Sparta Hadrian Diassarion, The Dioscuri on horse34 viewsReference.
Grunauer Group XXXVII; BCD Peloponnesos 939.3; cf. RPC III, 335.

Obv. [ΑΥΤ(Ο) ΚΑΙ(СΑΡ)] ΤΡΑΙΑ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС С
Laureate bust right, slight drapery

Rev. ΛΑΚΕΔΑΙΜΟΝΙΩΝ
The Dioscuri on horseback to right, holding spear, all in wreath

10.12 gr
26 mm
12h

Note.
Grunauer identified 17 different obverse dies legends this one is R7
From the J. Cohen Collection. Ex Davissons 32 (6 June 2013), lot 86; BCD Collection
Ex C. J. Martin, Dec. 83.
2 commentsokidoki
2750068.jpg
4) Antony and Julius Caesar57 viewsMark Antony and Julius Caesar
AR Denarius (18mm, 3.84 g, 6h).
Autumn 43 BC. Military mint traveling with Antony in Cisalpine Gaul.

Bare head of Mark Antony, bearded, right; lituus behind / Bare head of Julius Caesar right; capis behind.

Crawford 488/2; CRI 123; Sydenham 1166; RSC 3.

VF, lightly toned, bankers’ marks.

Property of Princeton Economics acquired by Martin Armstrong. Ex Stack’s (3 December 1996), lot 769.

Ex CNG
RM0009
4 commentsSosius
coin536.JPG
410. Licinius I43 viewsFlavius Galerius Valerius Licinianus Licinius (c. 250 - 325) was Roman emperor from 308 to 324.

Of Dacian peasant origin, born in Moesia Superior, Licinius accompanied his close friend the Emperor Galerius on the Persian expedition in 297. After the death of Flavius Valerius Severus, Galerius elevated Licinius to the rank of Augustus in the West on November 11, 308. He received as his immediate command the provinces of Illyricum, Thrace and Pannonia.

On the death of Galerius, in May 311, Licinius shared the entire empire with Maximinus Daia, the Hellespont and the Bosporus being the dividing line.

In March 313 he married Flavia Julia Constantia, half-sister of Constantine, at Mediolanum (now Milan), the occasion for the jointly-issued "Edict of Milan" that restored confiscated properties to Christian congregations though it did not "Christianize" the Empire as is often assumed, although it did give Christians a better name in Rome. In the following month (April 30), Licinius inflicted a decisive defeat on Maximinus at Battle of Tzirallum, after Maximinus had tried attacking him. He then established himself master of the East, while his brother-in-law, Constantine, was supreme in the West.

In 314 his jealousy led him to encourage a treasonable enterprise in favor of Bassianus against Constantine. When his actions became known, a civil war ensued, in which he was first defeated at the battle of Cibalae in Pannonia (October 8, 314), and next some 2 years later (after naming Valerius Valens co-emperor) in the plain of Mardia (also known as Campus Ardiensis) in Thrace. The outward reconciliation left Licinius in possession of Thrace, Asia Minor, Syria and Egypt, but he later added numerous provinces to Constantine's control.

In 324 Constantine, tempted by the "advanced age and unpopular vices" of his colleague, again declared war against him, and, having defeated his army at the battle of Adrianople (July 3, 324), succeeded in shutting him up within the walls of Byzantium. The defeat of the superior fleet of Licinius by Flavius Julius Crispus, Constantine’s eldest son, compelled his withdrawal to Bithynia, where a last stand was made; the battle of Chrysopolis, near Chalcedon (September 18), resulted in his final submission. He was interned at Thessalonica under a kind of house arrest, but when he attempted to raise troops among the barbarians Constantine had him and his former co-emperor Martinianus assassinated.

O: IMP LICINIVS AVG; Emperor, facing left, wearing imperial mantle, holding mappa and globe.
R: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG; Jupiter standing left holding Victory; palm to left, epsilon in right field, SMN in exergue. Sear 3804, RIC Nicomedia 24 (Scarce), Failmezger #278. Remarkable detail on this nicely silvered Late Roman bronze, ex Crisp Collection.

ecoli
Bruti.jpg
48 BC D. Junius Brutus Albinus118 viewsPIETAS
Head of Pietas right

ALBINVS BRVTI F
Clasped hands holding winged caduceus

3.1g

Rome
48 BC

Sear 427,

Decimus Junius Brutus was a distant relative of Marcus Brutus. He was known as one of Caesar's "most intamate associates" and a friend of Mark Antony. Albinus had served under Caesar in both the Gallic Wars and the Civil War. He participated in the siege of Massilia (Marseilles) that held out against Caesar for months. He also commanded a Caesarian fleet.

Plutarch considered Albinus "of no great courage," but Albinus was a faithful and loyal supporter of Caesar. He was to be Consul in 42 BC along with Lucius Plancus. While awaiting the consulship Albinus was to become Governor of Cisalpine Gaul when the post became available in the spring of 44BC

Albinus was approached by Cassius and Labeo to involve him in the conspiracy to murder Caesar. Albinus wanted to make sure Marcus Brutus was involved before agreeing to the plot. After meeting with Brutus he agreed. Both Brutus and Albinus received notification of a meeting of the Senate on March 15th and Albinus agreed to use an exhibition of his Gladiators after the meeting as protection in case things got out of hand after the murder had taken place. Caesar's retired legionaries were all around the city and none of the conspirators knew how they would react at Caesar's death.

At a dinner at the house of Marcus Lepidus on the night of March 14, 44BC Caesar was in attendence along with Decimus Brutus. Towards the end of the night Caesar's secretary approached for him to sign some letters. As he was signing Albinus posed a philosophical question to him: "What sort of death is best?" Caesar answered "A sudden one"

The next morning the Senate awaited Caesar to arrive. Caesr's wife Calpurnia and the auspeces warned Caesar not to attend the meeting. When Caesar delayed the conspirator's sent Albinus to Caesar's house. Albinus convinced Caesar to at least postpone the meeting in person. Antony was against this idea. Caesar was then murered by the conspirators in the Theater of Pompey in the Campus Martius, Albinus being a key player in the conspiracy.
3 commentsJay GT4
coins52.JPG
501. Constantine I MARTI CONSERVATORI16 viewsObverse: CONSTANTINVS P F AVG. Laureate and cuirassed bust of Constantine I facing right.
Reverse: MARTI CONSERVATORI. Helmeted bust of Mars facing right.
RIC VI : 884 (c2).
ecoli
coin295.JPG
501. Constantine I MARTI PATRI PROPVGNATORI14 viewsConstantine I Follis

Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– MARTI PATRI PROPVGNATORI, Mars, naked but for chlamys, advancing right with transverse spear and shield.

ecoli
Antoniniano_HOSTILIANO_RIC_177b_1.jpg
76-02 - HOSTILIANO Como Cesar de Trajano Decio (250 - 251 D.C.) 38 viewsAR Antoniniano 23 x 21 mm 3.7 gr.
Hijo de Trajano Decio

Anv: "C VALENS HOSTIL MES QVINTVS N C" - Busto radiado y vestido viendo a derecha
Rev: "MARTI PROPVGNATORI" - Marte avanzando a derecha, portando una jabalina en mano der. y escudo en izq.

Acuńada 6ta. y 7ma. Emisión del 251 D.C.
Ceca: 5to.Taller Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte III #177b Pag.144 - Cohen Vol.V #15 Pag.226 - RSC Vol. IV #15 Pag.32 - SRCV III #9556 Pag.222 - Sear '88 #2755 - DVM #7 Pag.234 - Hunter #3
mdelvalle
RIC_177b_Antoniniano_Hostiliano.jpg
76-02 - HOSTILIANO Como Cesar de Trajano Decio (250 - 251 D.C.) 12 viewsAR Antoniniano 23 x 21 mm 3.7 gr.
Hijo de Trajano Decio

Anv: "C VALENS HOSTIL MES QVINTVS N C" - Busto radiado y vestido viendo a derecha
Rev: "MARTI PROPVGNATORI" - Marte avanzando a derecha, portando una jabalina en mano der. y escudo en izq.

Acuńada 6ta. y 7ma. Emisión del 251 D.C.
Ceca: 5to.Taller Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte III #177b Pag.144 - Cohen Vol.V #15 Pag.226 - RSC Vol. IV #15 Pag.32 - SRCV III #9556 Pag.222 - Sear '88 #2755 - DVM #7 Pag.234 - Hunter #3
mdelvalle
Antoniniano Galieno RIC 236.jpg
82-16 - GALIENO (253 - 268 D.C.)35 viewsBillon Antoniniano 20 x 21 mm 3.0 gr.

Anv: "GALLIENVS AVG" - Cabeza radiada viendo a derecha.
Rev: "MARTI PACIFERO" - Marte de pié a izquierda, portando rama de olivo en mano de brazo derecho extendido y lanza y escudo en mano izquierda. "H" en campo izquierdo.

Acuńada 264 - 266 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias:
Göbl #570b - RIC Vol.V Parte I #236 Pag.151 - Sear RCTV Vol.III #10288 - Cohen Vol.V #617 Pag.400 - DVM #169 Pag.247 - RSC Vol.IV #617a Pag.83 - Cayón #171
mdelvalle
Göbl_570b_Antoniniano_Galieno.jpg
82-16 - GALIENO (253 - 268 D.C.)10 viewsAE Antoniniano 20 x 21 mm 3.0 gr.

Anv: "GALLIENVS AVG" - Cabeza radiada viendo a derecha.
Rev: "MARTI PACIFERO" - Marte de pié a izquierda, portando rama de olivo en mano de brazo derecho extendido y lanza y escudo en mano izquierda. "H" en campo izquierdo.

Acuńada 264 - 266 D.C.
Ceca: 8vo. Taller de Roma

Referencias: Göbl #570b - RIC Vol.V Parte I #236 Pag.151 - Sear RCTV Vol.III #10288 Pag.296 - Cohen Vol.V #617 Pag.400 - DVM #169 Pag.247 - RSC Vol.IV #617a Pag.83 - Cayón #171 - Hunter #67 - Cunetio #1149
mdelvalle
sb806_yr9_22mm543g.jpg
AE follis Heraclius SB 80612 viewsObverse: No legend, Heraclius in centre, Heraclius Constantine on r., and Empress Martina on L. all standing each wearing a crown and chlamys, holding a gl. cr. in r. hand. Two crosses in field either side of Heraclius head.
Reverse: Cross above, Large M between ANNO and numerals representing the regnal yr. GII (8), Officina yr below (delta), con in ex.
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 616/7 CE
Sear 804
22mm, 5.43gm
wileyc
sear_806.jpg
AE follis Heraclius, SB 80629 viewsObverse: Heraclius in center, Heraclius Constantine on r., and the Empress MArtina on l, all stg facing; each wearing crown and chlamys, and holding gl. cr. in r. hand two crosses in field either side of Heraclius head
Reverse: Large M between ANNO and regnal yr (x,II,I) cross above, CON in ex
Mint: Constantinople
Date:622/3 CE
Sear 806 DO 89-91
25mm 6.74gm
Sear notes that this type is normally overstruck on folles of Phocas or less frequently on those of earlier reigns
Mint
wileyc
sear_808.jpg
AE follis Heraclius, SB 80822 viewsObverse: Heraclius in center, Heraclius Constantine on r., and the Empress MArtina on l, all stg facing; each wearing crown and chlamys, and holding gl. cr. in r. hand two crosses in field either side of Heraclius head
Reverse: Large M, ANNO above, Monogram 23 or 24 to l., regnal yr to rt (X,GI,II)
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 628/9 CE
Sear 808 DO 99-103
28 mm 5.29 gm
Sear notes that this type is normally overstruck on coins of Maurice Tiberius or Phocas and often on half folles rather than folles due to the much reduced module of this issue. The weight of 5.29gm is indicative of this
wileyc
s_849a.jpg
AE follis Heraclius, SB 84930 viewsObv: No legand. Heralius , H. Constantine and Empress MArtina all stg. facing wearing crown and chlamys, holding gl. cr. in rt hand.
Reverse: Large M between ANNO and regnal yr XUII officina below M gamma, KVIIP in exergue
Mint: Cyprus?
Date 626/7 CE
17/27mm 4.51gm
Sear 849 DO 184-5
wileyc
s_849.jpg
AE follis Heraclius, SB 84925 viewsOverstruck on unk coin
Obv: No legand. Heralius , H. Constantine and Empress MArtina all stg. facing wearing crown and chlamys, holding gl. cr. in rt hand.
Reverse: Lg M ANNO to l., unk regnal yr to rt
Mint: Cyprus?
Date:627-30 CE
16/26mm 4.37gm
Sear 849 DO 184-5
wileyc
1389_Aemilianus_Viminacium.jpg
Aemilian - Viminacium6 viewsAE sestertius
253 AD
laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
IMP C M AEMIL AEMILIANVS A
Moesia facing, head left between bull walking right on left and lion walking left on right
PMS C_OL VII
AN XIV
AMNG 179; Pick-Martin 6'01'28
8,0g
ex Gorny & Mosch
Johny SYSEL
aemilian_6.jpg
Aemilian RIC IV, 6 136 viewsAemilian, July or August - October 253
AR - Antoninianus, 3.8g
Rome, group I, AD 253
obv. IMP AEMILIANVS PIVS FEL AVG
Bust, draped and cuirassed, radiate,r.
rev. MARTI PR - OPVGT
Mars, in short military cloak, helmeted and wearing boots, chlamys over shoulders, stg. facing, head l., resting with raised l. hand
on reverted spear and holding with r. hand shield set on ground
ref. RIC IV/III, 6, pl. 15, 8; C.25; SRCV 9837
R1!, about VF
Jochen
4470081.jpg
Akarnania Leukas AR Stater circa 320-280 BC 19.5 mm 8.53g 1h Pegasi 13234 viewsPegasos flying left/Helmeted head of Athena left,stylis behind.
ex Dr Erik Miller collection.purchased from C.J Martin 18 June 1974,Sotheby 15 May 1974 lot 31
2 commentsGrant H
1372~0.jpg
ALFOLDI 038.001 New photo9 viewsOBVERSE: IMP PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: MARTI PACIFERO
BUST TYPE: A2 = Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/VII//XXI
WEIGHT 3.39g / WIDTH 21 mm
RIC 699 VAR. (UNLISTED WITH THIS OBVERSE LEGEND)
ALFOLDI 038.001 (4 EX.)
COLLECTION NO. 1372
Note: Rare reverse type for Siscia
Barnaba6
anto_gordien_Marti.jpg
Antoninianus Gordian III Marti Pacifero38 viewsMint : Antioch

IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG
MARTI PACIFERO

RIC 212e (R), Cohen 162

Nice antoninianus, nice style for Antioch.
1 commentsChut
RSC 0618aRome.jpg
Antoninianus. RSC 0618a. Rome.20 viewsObv. Radiate head right GALLIENVS AVG
Rev. Mars standing left, holding spear and branch. MARTI PACIFERO.A in left field.
RSC 618a. Rome mint.
LordBest
apiomars.jpg
ANTONINUS PIUS52 viewsAE sestertius. 140-144 AD. 26,52 grs. Laureate head right. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TR P COS III / Mars standing right, holding reversed spear and resting hand on shield. MARTI VLTORI. S C in fields.
RIC 609. BMCRE 1252. Cohen 550.
4 commentsbenito
apiomars~0.jpg
ANTONINUS PIUS51 viewsAE sestertius. 140-144 AD. 26,52 grs. Laureate head right. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TR P COS III / Mars standing right, holding reversed spear and resting hand on shield. MARTI VLTORI. S C in fields.
RIC 609. BMCRE 1252. Cohen 550.
2 commentsbenito
Divus_Antoninus_Pius_Ć_Sestertius.jpg
Antoninus Pius (Augustus) Coin: Brass Sestertius 4 viewsDIVVS ANTONINVS - Bare head right
CONSECRATIO - Funeral pyre of four tiers decorated with garlands, surmounted by facing quadriga; S-C across fields.
Exergue:


Mint: Rome (161 AD)
Wt./Size/Axis: 20.68g / 32mm / 360
References:
RIC III 1266 (Aurelius)
Banti 74
Provenances:
Roma Numismatics
Acquisition/Sale: Roma Numismatics Internet E-Sale 45 #596

The Gary R. Wilson Collection

Antoninus Pius' funeral ceremonies were described as elaborate but, despite the pyre depicted on this coin, according to his Historia Augusta biography, Antoninus' body (and not his ashes) was buried in Hadrian's mausoleum. After a seven-day interval (justitium) Marcus and Lucius nominated their father for deification. In contrast to their behavior during Antoninus' campaign to deify Hadrian, the senate did not oppose the emperors' wishes. A flamen, or cultic priest, was appointed to minister the cult of the deified Antoninus, now Divus Antoninus. A column was dedicated to Antoninus on the Campus Martius, and the temple he had built in the Forum in 141 to his deified wife Faustina was rededicated to the deified Faustina and the deified Antoninus. It survives as the church of San Lorenzo in Miranda.
Gary W2
Antose22-2.jpg
Antoninus Pius, RIC 609, Sestertius of AD 140-144 (Mars Ultor) 59 viewsĆ Sestertius (21.9g, Ř33mm, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 140-144.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right
Rev.: MARTI VLTORI (around) S C (in field), Mars, helmeted and in military dress, standing right, holding inverted spear, resting left hand on a shield.
RIC 609; Cohen 550; BMCRE IV 1252, Strack 839 (3 coll.); Banti (I Grandi Bronzi Imperiali II-3) 232 (10 spec.); Sear (Roman Coins and their Values II) 4193

ex D. Ruskin (Oxford, UK, 1995)

Marti Ultori = "to Victorious Mars"
1 commentsCharles S
ANTOSEc2.jpg
Antoninus Pius, RIC 780, Sestertius of AD 145-147 (Roma)45 viewsĆ Sestertius (24.43g, Ř32mm, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 145-147.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS IIII, laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Rev.: S C (in field), Helmeted Roma seated left, holding Victory statuette and spear, left arm resting on shield set on prow.
RIC 780; Cohen 753; BMC 1711; Strack 1006; Banti 365 (11 spec.)
ex Martí Hervera subasta 70
Charles S
2010-09-25.jpg
AR half Siliqua Heraclius, SB 87128 viewsObverse: DN :Greek_epsilon:RAC :Greek_Lambda:IO PP AV or similar, Crowned, dr, and cuir bust facing beardless
Reverse: No legend, facing busts of Heraclius Constantine on L., and Martina on r., the former wearing crown and Chlamys, the other latter , crown with long pendilla and robes, between thier heads, cross and with four dots between down lower.
Mint: Carthage
Date: 610-641 CE
Sear 871
.66gm 9mm
wileyc
Ara_Pacis_Rom.jpg
Ara Pacis39 viewsThe Ara Pacis Augustae (Latin, "Altar of Augustan Peace"; commonly shortened to Ara Pacis) is an altar in Rome dedicated to Pax, the Roman goddess of Peace. The monument was commissioned by the Roman Senate on July 4, 13 B.C. to honor the return of Augustus to Rome after three years in Hispania and Gaul, and consecrated on January 30, 9 B.C. Originally located on the northern outskirts of Rome, a Roman mile from the boundary of the pomerium on the west side of the Via Flaminia, it stood in the northeastern corner of the Campus Martius, the former flood plain of the Tiber River and gradually became buried under 4 metres (13 ft) of silt deposits. It was reassembled in its current location, now the Museum of the Ara Pacis, in 1938.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ara_Pacis
Joe Sermarini
m_aurelius.jpg
As, Mars standing right43 viewsMarcus Aurelius, 161-180 AD, As, Rome, 174 AD, 9.39g. BM-1478, C-432 (5 Fr). RIC 1106. obv. M ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXVIII, Laureate bust r. / MARTI VICTORI IMP VI COS III, Mars stg. r., holding spear and setting hand on shield inscribed SC; under shield, captive. aVF; minor area of weak strike; some light corrosion. Ex H.J.BerkPodiceps
G_329_Hierocaesareia_fac.jpg
Asia Minor, Lydia, Hierocaesarea, Demos, Artemis, biga20 viewsLydia. Hierocaesaraea
Time of Commodus
Bronze, Ć 27
Obv: ΔΗΜΟС, Head of youthful Demos right
Rev: IEPOKAICAPEΩN, Artemis driving biga of stags right, holding bow and drawing arrow from quiver on back.
Ć, 27.4mm, 8.67g
RPC online -, Martin 1, SNG Hunterian 1377
2 commentsshanxi
Athen_owl_Tetradrachm_.jpg
Athena and her owl 181 viewsIn Greek mythology, a Little Owl baby (Athene noctua) traditionally represents or accompanies Athena, the virgin goddess of wisdom, or Minerva, her syncretic incarnation in Roman mythology. Because of such association, the bird often referred to as the "owl of Athena" or the "owl of Minerva" has been used as a symbol of knowledge, wisdom, perspicacity and erudition throughout the Western world.
The reasons behind the association of Athena and the owl are lost in time. Some mythographers, such as David Kinsley and Martin P. Nilsson suggest that she may descend from a Minoan palace goddess associated with birds and Marija Gimbutas claim to trace Athena's origins as an Old European bird and snake goddess.
On the other hand, Cynthia Berger theorizes about the appeal of some characteristics of owls such as their ability to see in the dark to be used as symbol of wisdom while others, such as William Geoffrey Arnott, propose a simple association between founding myths of Athens and the significant number of Little Owls in the region (a fact noted since antiquity by Aristophanes in The Birds and Lysistrata).
In any case, the city of Athens seems to have adopted the owl as proof of allegiance to its patron virgin goddess, which according to a popular etiological myth reproduced on the West pediment of the Parthenon, secured the favor of its citizens by providing them with a more enticing gift than Poséidon.
Owls were commonly reproduced by Athenians in vases, weights and prize amphoras for the Panathenaic Games. The owl of Athena even became the common obverse of the Athenian tetradrachms after 510 BC and according to Philochorus, the Athenian tetradrachm was known as glaux throughout the ancient world and "owl" in present day numismatics. They were not, however, used exclusively by them to represent Athena and were even used for motivation during battles by other Greek cities, such as in the victory of Agathocles of Syracuse over the Carthaginians in 310 B.C. in which owls flying through the ranks were interpreted as Athena’s blessing or in the Battle of Salamis, chronicled in Plutarch's biography of Themistocles.
(Source: Wikipédia)
moneta romana
AthenTetVF.jpg
Athens, Greece, Old Style Tetradrachm, 449 - 413 B.C.122 viewsSilver tetradrachm, SNG Cop 31 ff., SGCV I 2526, VF, near full crest, Athens mint, 16.410g, 25.1mm, 90o. Obverse: head of Athena right, almond shaped eye, crested helmet with olive leaves and floral scroll, wire necklace, round earring, hair in parallel curves; Reverse: AQE right, owl standing right, head facing, erect in posture, olive sprig and crescent left, all within incuse square.

This coin is one of the most familiar of all the coins struck throughout the ancient Mediterranean. The images of Athena and her Owl, while not static, changed undramatically, in an unhurried and deliberate way. Although its production rests firmly during the time that numismatists call the Classical era (479 BC --336 BC), this coin's "style" better reflects the earlier Archaic period.

The Athenian "Owl" (until its debasement as a result of the Peloponnesian War) was the standard of its day. Between the late 5th century BC and the late 3rd century BC, these coins were the currency against which all other coins were measured. This high esteem was due to the Athenian tetradrachms' consistent weight and quality of silver.

"The little elf-like owl dear to ancient Athens had greenish-blue-gray eyes that could see clearly where humans could not. Glaukopis -- the "shining eyed one" was often shortened to glaux, a nickname for the tetradrachm that bore the owl's likeness" (http://notes.utk.edu/bio/unistudy.nsf/0/da0222e2e80272fd85256785001683e4?OpenDocument).

It is only with the emergence of the Imperial coinage of Alexander the Great (beginning quickly after his ascension to the throne in 336 BC) that the ancient world had another coin as widely accepted. As Martin J. Price notes, "“The impressive list of twenty-three mints on Asian soil and one in Egypt, all used to strike Alexander’s imperial coinage during his lifetime, shows that there was a conscious policy of providing this form of money on an empire-wide basis" (Price, Martin J. The Coinage in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. Zurich: The Swiss Numismatic Society in Association with British Museum Press, 1991. 72).

More than two millennia after the Athenian Tetracrachm was first struck, the 26th President of The United States, Theodore Roosevelt (b. 1858; d. 1919), is said to have carried an Athenian "Owl" in his pocket--to remind him just how beautiful a coin could be.

J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsCleisthenes
RIC_Claudius_on_Augustus_Martini-Pangerl_58.JPG
Augustus (Caius Julius Caesar Octavianus) (27 B.C. – 14 A.D.) and Tiberius (Tiberius Julius Caesar) (14-37 A.D.)28 viewsHowgego 602, Martini-Pangerl 58, on a RIC I (Augustus) ___

Countermark of Tiberius often encountered on coins found in the Moesia region (Bulgaria), on an AE as (25 mm) issued by Augustus in the name of a moneyer. Rome mint.

Obv: [illegible], bare head of Augustus, right.

Rev: [illegible], S—C in field, TI•C•A countermark within a rectangular incuse.

From an uncleaned coin lot.
Stkp
RIC_Augustus-Caligula_Martini-Pangerl_90,_95__etc.JPG
Augustus (Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus) (27 B.C. – 14 A.D.) and Tiberius (Tiberius Julius Caesar) (14-37 A.D.) or Caligula (Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus) (37-41 A.D.)26 viewsMartini-Pangerl 90 (re TI•CĆ), 75 & 83 (re AVG), 98 (re helmet), 95-97 (re dolphin)

AE 23-26 mm

Obv: TI•CĆ, AVG and helmet countermarks on an unidentified undertype.

Rev: Dolphin countermark on an unidentified undertype.

The TI•CĆ countermark is late Augustinian and is often combined with the dolphin and helmet countermarks. The AVG countermark is probably associated with Tiberius or Caligula.

From an uncleaned coin lot.
Stkp
augustus_375_counterrmarked.jpg
Augustus, RIC 375 (countermarked)19 viewsAugustus, 27 BE - AD 14
AE dupondius, 7.50g, 28mm, 0°
struck under moneyer C. Cassius Celer , Rome, 16 BC
obv. [AVGVSTVS TRIBVNIC POTES]
(legend in 3 lines in corona civica)
rev. [C CASSIVS CEL]ER IIIVI[R AAAFF]
around big S - C
ref. RIC I, 375
countermarked:
obv. AVG (MPC 75), TICAE (AE ligate; MPC 90)
rev. CAE (MPC 77), PP (MPC 81)

AVC, TICAE refer to the emperor Tiberius Claudius. The abbreviation AVC is most likely another title of Tiberius and stands not for Augustus Caesar.
MPC = Martini Prangerl Collection
Jochen
Aurelian_RIC_64.jpg
Aurelian - antoninianus RIC 6443 viewsAurelian. Antoninianus, Rome mint, 274-275 AD; 3.65g; obv. IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate & cuirassed bust right; rev. ORIENS AVG, Sol walking right with laurel-branch & bow, treading down an enemy, officina letter or star to left, XXIR in ex. RIC 54.

Ex Martin Griffiths (Maridvnvm) collection
1 commentsBartosz Awianowicz
Bactria,_Antimchus_I_AR_drachm_.jpg
Baktrian Kingdom, Antimachos I, ca. 175-165 BC, AR Drachm29 viewsDiademed head of Antimachos right wearing kausia.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΘEOY ANTIMAXOY (of King Antimachos a God) Poseidon standing facing, holding trident and palm branch, KP monogram in lower right field.

Bopearachchi Series 2A; SNG ANS 9, 279; Mitchiner 124b; HGC 12; 109; Sear GCV 7545.

(19 mm, 4.2 g, 12h).
Freeman & Sear Mail Bid Auction 13, Aug. 2006, 278; from the F. Martin Post Collection.
1 commentsn.igma
519.jpg
BASTIEN 16710 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: MARTI PACIFERO
BUST TYPE: B
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//II
WEIGHT 4.04g / AXIS 1h / WIDTH: 22-24mm
RIC: 42
BASTIEN: 167 (34 EX.)
COLLECTION NO: 519
Barnaba6
1~3.jpg
BASTIEN 317 VERY RARE !!!24 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: MARTI VICTORI AVG
BUST TYPE: A2
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//II
WEIGHT 3.51g / AXIS: 7h
RIC: 88
BASTIEN 317 (5 EX.)
COLLECTION NO.998
NOTE: RARE AND DESIRABLE REVERSE TYPE !!!
Ex S. Luethi's collection
Barnaba6
31~3.jpg
BASTIEN 3205 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS�P�F�AVG
REVERSE: MARTI VICTORI AVG
BUST TYPE: B
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//II
WEIGHT 2.98g / AXIS 6h
RIC: 89
BASTIEN: 320 (5 EX.)
COLLECTION NO: 207
NOTE: EX S.L. COLLECTION
Barnaba6
turonus_crus.png
BCC 2234 viewsAbbey of St. Martin, Tours
12th cent CE
Obv: Cathedral [SC]S MARTINVS
Rev: Cross +TVRONVS CIVI
AR 17.5mm 0.8g Axis:180
v-drome
Heraclius_M_cypress_BCC_B9.jpg
BCC B930 viewsByzantine Period
Heraclius 610-641CE
AE 40 Nummia, Cyprus Mint.
Obv:Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine,
and Empress Martina, each with Globus Cruciger.
Rev:Large M, ANNO to left, [P on h monogram]
above, Year XUIII (18) to right, officina Γ (3)
below, mintmark ΚΥΠΡ in Greek.
20mm. 5.46gm. Axis:210
Regnal Year 18 (627-628CE)
Striking black Caesarea patina.
SB 849
v-drome
BCC_LT12_Uterus_Bird__Tessera.jpg
BCC LT1216 viewsLead Tessera
Caesarea Martima
1st to 4th Century CE?
Obv: Uterus symbol.
Rev: Uncertain object,
perhaps bird or rooster.
11x12mm. 1.07gm.
Axis:330?
cf. Anit Hamburger #76
v-drome
Belt_Application-AE-Silvered_Q-001_50,5x27x4,5mm_13,36ga-s.jpg
Belt Application, AE-Silvered, Letters: "MARTIIS", #01138 viewsBelt Application, AE-Silvered, Letters: "MARTIIS", #01
size: 50,5x27x4,5mm,
weight: 13,36g,
distribution: Danubian region and the Balkan,
date: ???
ref: ???
Q-001
"it is a very interesting piece, as the type is known as fibula only, but belt mounts were unpublished yet, as far as I know. The fibulae I know are from Germany, and I - and the peopel I asked - do not know this type from the Danubian region, or from the Balkans, which territories are quite rich in military stuff.
Here is the refernce:
Stefan F. Pfahl, Instrumenta Latina et Graeca Inscripta des Limesgebietes von 200 v. Chr. bis 600 n. Chr. (2012)" by Stultus, thank you Stultus.
quadrans
nikaia_sev_alex_SGI3287var.jpg
Bithynia, Nikaia, Severus Alexander, SGI 3287 var.40 viewsSeverus Alexander, AD 222-235
AE 22, 5.31g
obv. M AVR CEVH ALEZANDROC AVG (VG ligate)
bare head laureate r.
rev. NI-K-A-I separated by three standards, outer standards topped with
capricorn; in ex., EWN.
SGI 3287 var. (different rev. legend breaks), scarce variant with EWN below and
capricorn signa
VF, medium brown patina, well-centered with a solid strike.

The capricorn standards likely represent Legio XIIII Gemina Martia Victrix, the legion which had initially supported Septimius Severus in his bid for the purple. While rather distantly related to Septimius Severus through Julia Domna, though named after him, Alexander seems to have encouraged a rumor that he was in fact the illegitimate son of Caracalla and therefore the grandson of Septimius. This coin then suggests an interesting and subtle use of propoganda.
Jochen
Bramsen unknown.JPG
Bramsen ????. Mariage a Paris avec Marie-Louise, 1810. 232 viewsObv. Confronting busts of Napoleon I and Marie Louise. NAPOLEON GALL IMP ITALIIAE REX M LVDOVICIA FRANC AUST IMP FIL AA. HARNISCH
Rev. Turreted goddess insribing on shield supported by cupid, torches either side. FELICIBVS NVPTIIS. VOTA PVBLICA. VINDOB X1 MARTII MDCCCX
Silvered white metal 48mm

A beautiful medal struck to commemorate the marriage of Napoleon and Marie Louise of Austria in 1810. Struck at Vienna.
My very first Napoleonic medal. ex-HJB it was sold as a restrike but is in fact an original strike as the Vienna mint did not restrike these medals.
LordBest
Sear-825.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Heraclius (610-641) AE Follis, Thessalonica (Sear-825)23 viewsObv: Martina on left, Heraclius in centre and Heraclius Constantine on right, standing facing, all crowned and wearing chlamys and all holding cross on globe
Rev: Large M, ANNO to left, cross above, regnal year to right, B or G below, mintmark ΘЄC
SpongeBob
Sear-807var.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Heraclius (610-641) Ć Follis, Constantinople (Sear-807var; DOC 92a; MIB-161.2var)21 viewsObv: Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Martina standing facing, each holding globus cruciger; crosses flanking Heraclius’ head
Rev: Large M; cross above, date across field; A//CON
SpongeBob
Sear-849.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Heraclus (610-641) Ć follis, Isaura, RY18 (Sear 849)13 viewsObv: Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Empress Martina standing facing, each wearing crown and chlamys and holding globus cruciger
Rev: Large M between A/N/N/O and X/ЧI/II; above, cross, beneath, Γ; in exergue KVΠP
Quant.Geek
phokas.jpg
BYZANTINE, Heraclius, Follis16 viewsHeraclius Constantine, Heraclius, MartinaFranz-Josef M
1460_C_Servilius.jpg
C. Servilius - AR denarius9 viewsRome
ą˛126 BC
head of Roma right wearing winged helmet; lituus left
(XVI)
ROMA
Marcus Servilius Pulex Geminus, consul 202 BC, left fighting a duel on horse, holding spear and shield inscribed with M. Other horseman riding left holding sword and shield
C·SER(VE)IL
Crawford 264/1, SRCV I I 140, Sydenham 483a, RSC I Servilia 6
ą˛Mark Passehl - Roman moneyer & coin type chronology, 150 – 50 BC
ex Martí Hervera / Soler y Llach
Johny SYSEL
Vlasto_543–4.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. Circa 333-331/0 BC. AR Nomos94 views19.5mm, 7.70 g, 2h
Warror, preparing to throw spear and holding shield and two more spears, on horse rearing right; [|- to left], Λ to right, KAΛ and Δ below / Phalanthos, holding crested Phrygian helmet, astride dolphin right; stars flanking, API below. Fischer-Bossert Group 60, 770–3 var. (V303/R– [unlisted rev. die]); Vlasto 543–4 (same obv. die); HN Italy 896. Good VF, toned, a little off center. From fine style dies.

On this coin we see the rider on horseback exercising his martial prowess, galloping forward and preparing to thrust a javelin into an object which the viewer does not see. On his far side he carries a round shield and two additional spears. The reverse depicts the dolphin rider facing to the right, holding a helmet of Phrygian design with cheek guards and a long, sweeping crest. Two stars in the fields flank the dolphin rider, and should perhaps be interpreted as alluding to the Dioskouroi and thus to Sparta. If so, then the design should be seen in light of the ill-fated expedition of the Spartan king Archidamos III. In 343/2 B.C. at the request of the city’s leading citizens, the Spartan king arrived with a fleet and soldiers in order to help the Tarentines to repel incursions by their Italic neighbors, notably the noisome Lucanians to Tarentum’s north and west. He was subsequently killed during the fighting, and the dolphin rider here may be thought of as mourning the slain Spartan king.
3 commentsLeo
aut103_inca~0.jpg
CARACALLA30 viewsAR denarius. 213 AD. 3.48 gr. Laureate head right. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT. / Mars advancing left holding spear and trophy. MARTI PROPVGNATORI. RIC 223. RSC 150.benito
00caracallamars.jpg
CARACALLA29 viewsAR denarius. 213 AD. 3.48 gr. Laureate head right. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT. / Mars advancing left holding spear and trophy. MARTI PROPVGNATORI. RIC 223. RSC 150.
benito
020ECaracalla.jpg
Caracalla13 viewsSilver Denarius
Roman Imperial - The Principate

Caracalla

Rome mint, 213 - 217 A.D
Fine, granular surfaces, a bit rough
19.0 mm / 2.443 g / 180°

Obverse: "ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM", laureate head right.
Reverse: "MARTI PROPVGNATORI", Mars hurrying left, carrying spear and trophy.

RIC 307, RSC 152.

Scarce

MyID: 020E
TenthGen
NS-11.jpg
Caracalla (as Caesar)11 viewsAR Denarius, AD 196-198, Rome, 17.4mm, 2.34g, 0°, RIC IVi 11.
Obv: M AVR ANTON CAES PONTIF. Bare head, draped bust right.
Rev: MARTI VLTORI. Mars advancing right with spear and trophy.
Joseph D5
Caracalla RIC 11.jpg
Caracalla - denarius RIC 1165 viewsCaracalla as Caesar. Silver denarius. Rome mint, 198 AD, 3.25g; obverse: M AVR ANTON CAES PONTIF, draped bust right; reverse: MARTI VLTORI, Mars advancing right holding spear and trophy across shoulder. RIC 11.Priscian
Caracalla RIC 187.jpg
Caracalla - denarius RIC 18725 viewsCaracalla. Silver denarius, minted in Rome, 211 AD; 2.32g; obverse: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate, bust right; reverse: P M TR P XIIII COS III P P, Virtus standing half-right, foot on helmet, holding spear and parazonium. RIC 187.

Notes: Ex Martin Griffiths (Maridvnvm) collection.
Priscian
IVi-222.jpg
Caracalla - Mars39 viewsAR Denarius, Rome, 211 (3.07gm)
RIC IVi.222, RCV.6818 (S)
Ox: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT
O: Laureate head right.
Rx: MARTI PACATORI
R: Mars standing facing, head left, holding olive branch and resting on shield, spear propped against left arm.

ex. V Borissov
Paul DiMarzio
car12.jpg
Caracalla 198-217 denarius42 viewsOb. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right
Rev. MARTI PROPVGNATORI, Mars walking left, holding spear and trophy.
Ref. RIC 223, BMCRE 87; RSC 150.

-:Bacchus:-
1 commentsBacchus
Lg006GreekLarge_quad_sm~1.jpg
Caracalla AE provincial, Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior (Nikyup, Bulgaria) (211 - 212 AD)14 viewsΑΥ Κ Μ ΑΥΡ – [ANTΩNINOC], laureate, draped bust right / Y ΦΛ OYΛΠIAN – NIKOΠOΛIT + ΠΡOC I in exergue, Nemesis-Aequitas standing left, holding scales in extended right hand and measuring rod (whip? sceptre?) in the crook of left arm, wheel at foot left.

Ӕ, 26 mm, 9.22 g, die axis 8h (turned coin)

I do not have access to any of the relevant provincial catalogs and cannot check any entries, but based on other similar coin descriptions on this site some numbers that may be close to this type are: AMNG I/1 1576-77, 1877-78; Varbanov (engl.) 3134, 3148, 3248; Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (HrHJ) No. 8.18.35.4-5, 8.18.35.8

AY[TOKPATΩΡ] K[AICAP] = Imperator Caesar, Μ[ΑΡΚΟC] ΑΥ[ΡΗΛΙΟC] ANTΩNINOC = Marcus Aurelius Antoninus aka "Caracalla". NIKOΠOΛIT[ΩN] PROC I[CTPΩN] ("πρός"="toward", but also "near to", like Latin "ad"; Istros = the lower Danube). ΦΛ OYΛΠIAN = Flavius Ulpianus, who was Roman governor of Lower Moesia (Moesia Inferior) starting from 210 to about 213. Before 211 Septimius Severus was still in charge; Caracalla visited the city in 211-212, was displeased with it and closed the mint (it was reopened only after his death), so the likely minting years are 211-212. All governors of Lower Moesia had titles on coins of either ΗΓ[ΕΜΟΝΑΣ] (governor of equestrian rank) or ΥΠ[ΑΤΕΥΟΝΤΟΣ] of the province (ΤΗΣ ΕΠΑΡΧΕΙΑΣ) (consular legate of senatorial rank). Y before the name of Flavius Ulpianus indicates the latter.

Aequitas = justice, equality, conformity, symmetry. Nemesis was originally understood as honest distributor of fortune, neither bad nor good, but in due proportion. Later it gained aspects of justice and divine retribution, but in Nemesis-Aequitas her qualities of honest dealing is emphasized. It symbolizes honesty, equality and justice of the emperor towards his subjects. The scales here mean honest measure rather than justice, the long stick she carries is most probably a measuring rod, but may also be a whip (symbol of punishment) or a sceptre (symbol of imperial power). The wheel may be the Wheel of Fortune (Rota Fortunae), but may also just symbolize equality.

CARACALLA, *4 April 188 Lugdunum (Lyon, France) † 8 April 217 (aged 29) road between Edessa and Carrhae ‡ 26 Dec 211 – 8 Apr 217 (not counting joint rule with his father and brother)

His birth name was Lucius Septimius Bassianus, then he was renamed Marcus Aurelius Antoninus at the age of 7 as part of his father's attempt at union with the families of Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius. He got the agnomen "Caracalla" after a Gallic hooded tunic that he habitually wore and made fashionable. He was also referred to as Tarautas, after a famously diminutive and violent gladiator of the time. The firstborn of the famous imperial couple Septimius Severus and Julia Domna, he was groomed to be emperor together with his brother Geta. They both were given titles of Caesars and even full Augusti before their father's death. But it was not going to happen, since the brothers hated each other. In 202 Caracalla was forced to marry the daughter of Gaius Fulvius Plautianus, Fulvia Plautilla, he immediately grew to hate them both. By 205 Caracalla had succeeded in having Plautianus executed for treason, probably fabricating the evidence of the plot himself. Then he banished his wife together with his own baby daughter first to Sicily and then to the largest of the Aeolian islands, Lipari. As soon as his father died, Caracalla ordered to strangle them both.

Septimius Severus died on 4 February 211 at Eboracum (present day York) while on campaign in Caledonia, north of Roman Britannia. Caracalla and Geta jointly ended the campaign by concluding a peace that returned the border to the line demarcated by Hadrian's Wall. During the journey back to Rome they continuously argued and finally decided to divide the empire, Caracalla was to rule in the west and Geta -- the east. They were persuaded not to do this, but their hostility was only increasing. On 26 December 211, at a reconciliation meeting arranged by their mother, Caracalla had Geta assassinated by members of the Praetorian Guard loyal to himself, Geta dying in his mother's arms. Caracalla then persecuted and executed most of Geta's supporters and ordered a damnatio memoriae pronounced by the Senate against his brother's memory. Geta's image was removed from all paintings, coins were melted down, statues were destroyed, his name was struck from papyrus records, and it became a capital offence to speak or write Geta's name. In the aftermath of the damnatio memoriae, an estimated 20,000 people were massacred. Those killed were Geta's inner circle of guards and advisers, friends, and other military staff under his employ.

In 213, about a year after Geta's death, Caracalla left Rome never to return. He went north to the German frontier to deal with restless Germanic tribes through wars and diplomacy. While there, Caracalla strengthened the frontier fortifications of Raetia and Germania Superior, collectively known as the Agri Decumates, so that it was able to withstand any further barbarian invasions for another twenty years. Then it became evident that he was preoccupied with Alexander the Great. He began openly mimicking Alexander in his personal style and started planning an invasion of "Persia", the Parthian Empire. He even arranged 16,000 of his men in Macedonian-style phalanxes, despite this foration being obsolete for centuries. Caracalla's mania for Alexander went so far that he persecuted philosophers of the Aristotelian school based on a legend that Aristotle had poisoned Alexander. This was a sign of Caracalla's increasingly erratic behaviour. When the inhabitants of Alexandria heard of Caracalla's claims that he had killed his brother Geta in self-defence, they produced a satire mocking this as well as Caracalla's other pretensions. So in 215 Caracalla travelled to Alexandria and responded to this insult by slaughtering the deputation of leading citizens who had unsuspectingly assembled before the city to greet his arrival, before setting his troops against Alexandria for several days of looting and plunder. Following the massacre at Alexandria, Caracalla moved east into Armenia. By 216 he had pushed through Armenia and south into Parthia and pursued a series of aggressive campaigns in the east against the Parthians, intended to bring more territory under direct Roman control. In the following winter, Caracalla retired to Edessa (Şanlıurfa, south-east Turkey) and began making preparations to renew the campaign by spring. On 8 April 217 Caracalla was travelling to visit a temple near Carrhae (Harran, southern Turkey), where in 53 BC the Romans had suffered a defeat at the hands of the Parthians. After stopping briefly to urinate, Caracalla was approached by a soldier, Justin Martialis, and stabbed to death. Martialis had been incensed by Caracalla's refusal to grant him the position of centurion, and the Praetorian Guard Prefect Macrinus, Caracalla's successor, saw the opportunity to use Martialis to end Caracalla's reign. In the immediate aftermath of Caracalla's death, his murderer, Martialis, was killed as well. Three days later, Macrinus declared himself emperor with the support of the Roman army.

Caracalla's reign was marked by domestic instability, the massacres he enacted against the people of Rome and elsewhere in the empire, and external invasions from the Germanic people. Surprisingly for such a brute, Caracalla was also notable for some statesmanship, perhaps due to some help of his mother, who stayed in Rome and performed many administrative duties in her son's absence. The most famous is the Antonine Constitution (Constitutio Antoniniana), aka the Edict of Caracalla, which granted Roman citizenship to nearly all freemen throughout the Roman Empire. The edict gave all the enfranchised men Caracalla's adopted praenomen and nomen: "Marcus Aurelius". Domestically, Caracalla was known for the construction of the Baths of Caracalla, which became the second-largest baths in Rome, and building a temple to Serapis, Graeco-Egyptian god of healing, whom he thought to be his divine patron, on the Quirinal Hill. The numismatists will always remember him because of the introduction of a new Roman coin denomination, currently designated "antoninianus" after him. The reduced silver purity of the new coins caused people to hoard the old denarii and thanks to this now we can enjoy lots of well-preserved early Roman silver coins.

Caracalla was one of the cruellest and most tyrannical Roman emperors. That was why in the 18th century Caracalla's memory was revived in the works of French artists trying to draw the parallels between him and King Louis XVI. But there were also other narratives surrounding his name: in the 12th century, Geoffrey of Monmouth started the legend of "Bassianus" as the king of Britain, who won the kingship by fighting his brother over it.
Yurii P
caracallamarti.jpg
Caracalla AR Denarius Mars39 views Obv. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right
Rev. MARTI PROPVGNATORI, Mars walking left, holding spear and trophy
RIC 223
2 commentsSkyler
caracallaMarti1.jpg
Caracalla denarius95 viewsANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT
Laur. head right

MARTI PROPUGNATORI
Mars walking left with trophy and spear

VF
Rome 213 AD

Sear 6819
Ric 223

Sold Forum Auction Oct 2018
2 commentsJay GT4
ricIV222ORweb.jpg
Caracalla Denarius RIC IV 22223 viewsRome mint, Caracalla Denarius, 210-213 A.D. AR 18.5mm 3.01g, RIC IV 222, RSC 149, BMC 81
O: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right
R: MARTI PACATORI, Mars standing front, head left, holding olive-branch, reversed spear & shield
casata137ec
Caracalla_Mars.JPG
Caracalla Mars25 viewsCaracalla, Silver Denarius, Rome, 210 - 213 AD, RIC 222, Cohen 149, 17mm, 2.1g
OBV: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate head right
REV: MARTI PACATORI, Mars standing to the front, head left,
holding olive-branch and combination reversed spear - shield both balanced and held by left hand

SCARCE
Romanorvm
DSC04128.JPG
Caracalla Obv7 viewsCaracalla; AD 198-217
Silver Denarius; 17mm/3.2 g
OBV: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right
REV: MARTI PROPVGNATORI, Mars walking left, holding spear and trophy.
(RIC 223)
Philip G
DSC04130.JPG
Caracalla Rev6 viewsCaracalla; AD 198-217 23 Mar 13 46.00 XF 70.00
Silver Denarius; 17mm/3.2 g
OBV: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right
REV: MARTI PROPVGNATORI, Mars walking left, holding spear and trophy.
(RIC 223)
Philip G
caracalla_235.jpg
Caracalla RIC IV, 235108 viewsCaracalla 198-217
AR - Denar, 3.00g, 19.1mm
Rome 213
obv. ANTONINVS PIVS FEL AVG
laureate head r.
rev. MARTI PROPVGNATORI
Mars advancing l., holding spear and trophy
RIC IV/1, 235; C.151; BMCR 60
Scarce; mint state

Scarcer obv. legend with FEL: 14 spec. in Rekna Devnia hoard
Jochen
Caracalla_RIC_223~0.JPG
Caracalla, 198 - 217 AD28 viewsObv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head of Caracalla facing right.

Rev: MARTI PROPVGNATORI, Mars advancing left holding a spear and a trophy.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 213 AD

2.9 gram, 18 mm, 180°

RIC IVi 223, RSC 150, S6819, VM 47
1 commentsSPQR Coins
2-2014-11-14_coinsnov20146.JPG
Caracalla, Mars Fouree26 viewsAe base denarius; 2.49g; 18mm

ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT
Laureate head right

MARTI PROPVGNATROI
Mars walking left, holding spear and trophy

base denarius of RIC 223; RSC 150; MC 87
Robin Ayers
Caracall_Mars_Def_~0.jpg
Caracalla, Silver Denarius "Mars, the defender" * 196-217 AD *348 views
Caracalla, "Mars*, the defender."
AR Denarius
Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT - Laureate head right
Rev: MARTI PROPVGNATORI – Mars advancing left, holding spear and trophy

Mint: Rome
Struck: 213 AD

Size: 18 mm.
Weight: 4.5 grams(?)
Die axis: 180 deg.

RIC IVi, 223 (s) Scarce; Cohen 150; D. Sear II, 6819; pg. 521
SCARCE

* Olympian
6 commentsTiathena
00473q00.jpg
Carausius14 viewsAE-Antoninianus
IMP C CARAVSIVS AVG; Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust to right.
MARTI PACIF; Mars stg. holding spear, shield and branch; S P in fields.
Ex: C
Camolodunum
RIC 28
Julianus of Pannonia
coins340.JPG
Carinus17 viewsFelicitas was the goddess or personification of good luck and success. She played an important role in Rome's state religion during the empire, and was frequently portrayed on coins. She was very closely associated with the imperial family.

Felicitas was unknown before the mid-2nd century BC, when a temple was dedicated to her in the Velabrum in the Campus Martius by Lucius Licinius Lucullus, using booty from his 151–150 BC campaign in Spain. The temple was destroyed by a fire during the reign of Claudius and was never rebuilt.

Another temple in Rome was planned by Julius Caesar and was erected after his death by Marcus Aemilius Lepidus on the site of the Curia Hostilia, which had been restored by Lucius Cornelius Sulla but demolished by Caesar in 44 BC. This temple no longer existed by the time of Hadrian, and its site probably lies under the church of Saints Luca and Martina.

The word felicitas, "luck", is also the source of the word and name felicity.

Carinus Billon Antoninianus. IMP CARINVS P F AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right / FELICIT PVBLICA, Felicitas standing left with cauduceus, leaning on column, TXXI in ex. RIC 295, Cohen 24.
1 commentsecoli
00366q00.jpg
Carinus7 viewsAE-Quinarius
M AVR CARINVS C; Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust to left, holding victory on globe.
MARTI VICTORI; Mars advancing right, holdign shield, spear and trophy.
Ex: -
Rome
RIC 166var; King 1A
Julianus of Pannonia
1461_Carissa.jpg
Carisa - AE semis8 views1st century BC
head of young Hercules left wearing lion's skin
horseman galloping left holding spear and large shield
CARISSA
AB-446; Vill-6
ex Martí Hervera / Soler y Llach
Johny SYSEL
9965.jpg
Carrhae in Mesopotamia, Septimius Severus, AE 24, Lindgren 2557122 viewsCarrhae in Mesopotamia, Septimius Severus, AE 24, 193-211 AD
Av.: CEΠTIMIOC [CE]OY.... , naked (laureate?) bust of Septimius Severus right
Rv.: ..Λ]OY KAPPH ΛKA... , front view of a tetrastyle temple, the temple of the moon god Sin, in the middle a sacred stone on tripod, on top of stone: crescent, standards (with crescents on top) on both sides inside the building; another crescent in the pediment.
Lindgren 2557 ; BMC p. 82, #4

The city and the region played an important role in roman history.

Carrhae / Harran, (Akkadian Harrânu, "intersecting roads"; Latin Carrhae), an ancient city of strategic importance, an important town in northern Mesopotamia, famous for its temple of the moon god Sin, is now nothing more than a village in southeastern Turkey with an archeological site.
In the Bible it is mentioned as one of the towns where Abraham stayed on his voyage from Ur to the promised land. Abraham's family settled there when they left Ur of the Chaldeans (Genesis 11:31-32).
Inscriptions indicate that Harran existed as early as 2000 B.C. In its prime, it controlled the point where the road from Damascus joins the highway between Nineveh and Carchemish. This location gave Harran strategic value from an early date. It is frequently mentioned in Assyrian inscriptions about 1100 BC, under the name Harranu, or "Road" (Akkadian harrānu, 'road, path, journey' ).
During the fall of the Assyrian Empire, Harran became the stronghold of its lasts king, Ashur-uballit II, being besiged and conquered by Nabopolassar of Babylon at 609 BC. Harran became part of Median Empire after the fall of Assyria, and subsequently passed to the Persian Achaemenid dynasty.
The city remained Persian untill in 331 BC when the soldiers of the Macedonian king Alexander the Great entered the city.
After the death of Alexander on 11 June 323 BC, the city was claimed by his successors: Perdiccas, Antigonus Monophthalmus and Eumenes. These visited the city, but eventually, it became part of the Asian kingdom of Seleucos I (Nicator), the Seleucid empire, and capital of a province called Osrhoene (the Greek term for the old name Urhai).
The Seleucids settled Macedonian veterans at Harran. For a century-and-a-half, the town flourished, and it became independent when the Parthian dynasty of Persia occupied Babylonia. The Parthian and Seleucid kings both needed the buffer state of Osrhoene which was part of the larger Parthian empire and had nearby Edessa as its capital. The dynasty of the Arabian Abgarides, technically a vassal of the Parthian "king of kings" ruled Osrhoene for centuries.

Carrhae was the scene of a disastrous defeat of the Roman general Crassus by the Parthians. In 53 BC. Crassus, leading an army of 50.000, conducted a campaign against Parthia. After he captured a few cities on the way, he hurried to cross the Euphrates River with hopes of receiving laurels and the title of “Emperor”. But as he drove his forces over Rakkan towards Harran, Parthian cavalry besieged his forces in a pincers movement. In the ensuing battle, the Roman army was defeated and decimated. The battle of Carrhae was the beginning of a series of border wars with Parthia for many centuries. Numismatic evidence for these wars or the corresponding peace are for instance the "Signis Receptis" issues of Augustus and the “Janum Clusit” issues of Nero.
Later Lucius Verus tried to conquer Osrhoene and initially was successful. But an epidemic made an annexation impossible. However, a victory monument was erected in Ephesus, and Carrhae/Harran is shown as one of the subject towns.
Septimius Severus finally added Osrhoene to his realms in 195. The typical conic domed houses of ancient Harran can be seen on the Arch of Septimius Severus on the Forum Romanum.
Harran was the chief home of the moon-god Sin, whose temple was rebuilt by several kings. Sin was one of the great gods of the Assurian-Babylonian pantheon.
Caracalla gave Harran the status of a colonia (214 AD) and visited the city and the temple of the moon god in April 217. Meanwhile the moon god (and sacred stones) had become a part of the Roman pantheon and the temple a place to deify the roman emperors (as the standards on both sides of the temple indicate).

Caracalla was murdered while he was on his way from Temple to the palace. If this had been arranged by Macrinus - the prefect of the Praetorian guard who was to be the new emperor – is not quite clear. On the eighth of April, the emperor and his courtiers made a brief trip to the world famous temple of the moon god. When Caracalla halted to perform natural functions, he was assassinated by one of his bodyguards, Julius Martialis, who had a private grudge against the ruler, because he had not been given the post of centurion.

In 296 AD Roman control was again interrupted when nearby Carrhae the emperor Galerius was defeated by the king Narses / the Sasanid dynasty of Persia. The Roman emperor Julianus Apostata sacrificed to the moon god in 363 AD, at the beginning of his ill-fated campaign against the Sassanid Persians. The region continued to be a battle zone between the Romans and Sassanids. It remained Roman (or Byzantine) until 639, when the city finally was captured by the Muslim armies.

At that time, the cult of Sin still existed. After the arrival of the Islam, the adherents of other religions probably went to live in the marshes of the lower Tigris and Euphrates, and are still known as Mandaeans.
The ancient city walls surrounding Harran, 4 kilometer long and 3 kilometer wide, have been repaired throughout the ages (a.o. by the Byzantine emperor Justinian in the sixth century), and large parts are still standing. The position of no less than 187 towers has been identified. Of the six gates (Aleppo gate, Anatolian, Arslanli, Mosul, Baghdad, and Rakka gate), only the first one has remained.

A citadel was built in the 14th century in place of the Temple of Sin. This lies in the south-west quarter of the ancient town. Its ruin can still be visited.

my ancient coin database
1 commentsArminius
Civil_Wars_RIC_121.jpg
Civil Wars of 68-69 Clasped Hands73 viewsCivil Wars of 68-69 AD AR denarius. 3.49 g. Minted by pro-Vitellian forces in Southern Gaul.
O: FIDES EXERCITVVM, two clasped hands.
R: FIDES PRAETORIANORVM, two clasped hands.
-BMC 65; Martin 7; RIC˛ 121 (Group IV) , Ex Jonathan P. Rosen, Ex Auktion Myers/Adams 7, New York 1974, Nr. 269.

The message of a unified fidelity, or loyalty, of the 'armies' (FIDES EXERCITVVM) and the praetorians (FIDES PRAETORIANORVM) would only be an effective propaganda tool if it was distributed among the praetorians.

David R Sear, writing in RCV, agrees with Kraay (Num. Chron 1949, pp 78.) that this interesting, anonymous civil war issue was produced on behalf of Vitellius, to be used as 'bribe money' to suborn the soldiers, as well as the Praetorian Guard, loyal to Otho in the capital. "In March 69 AD, Vitellian commander Fabius Valens entered Italy from Southern Gaul at the head of a small band of secret agents. Their mission was to infiltrate the capital, especially the ranks of the Praetorians, with the object of disseminating pro-Vitellian propaganda and dissociating the guards from their allegiance to Otho. These coins, struck in advance in Southern Gaul, would thus have played a vital role as 'bribe money'. Despite these covert activities, the Praetorians remained loyal to their Emperor, though all was to be for naught, as the following month, the invading army of Vitellius was victorious at the battle of Bedriacum, and Otho took his own life" - David R Sear

Here is the ad from the New york times December 1, 1974 page 208, advertising the Myers/Adams auction 7:
Several thousand foreign coin collectors are expected here next weekend for the biggest event on their winter calendar, the third annual New York International Numismatic Convention. The three‐day show will be held in the Albert Hall of the Americana Hotel, Seventh Avenue between 52d and 53rd Streets. It will open at 11 A.M. on Friday, with the exhibit area and the dealer bourse to remain open till 8 P.M. On Saturday the hours are 10 A.M. to 8 P.M., and on Sunday from 11 A.M. to 6 P.M. There will be an admission charge of 50 cents, for which a badge will be issued that will be good for all three days.
As its title indicates, the show emphasizes foreign numismatics to the point of almost excluding U.S. material. This holds true in exhibits as well as in the bourse and throughout the convention program. All of the exhibits are, again, invitational—noncompetitive—and were selected to assure representation of a wide range of international numismatic interests.

One symbol of the convention's success is that the, number of exhibitors and dealers has grown each year. This year there will be 67 bourse tables, roughly a quarter of them occupied by dealers from Europe and Canada; the remainder will be taken by leading U.S. dealers who have established reputations as specialists in ancient and foreign coins.
The convention will have two auctions, both described in some detail in this column a couple of weeks ago. The first, a “prologue” to the convention, will he the Myers/ Adams auction of ancient Greek and Roman coins at 7 P.M. on Thursday. The second, a two‐session sale of foreign coins and paper money, will be conducted by Henry Christensen, Inc., at 7 P.M. on Friday and 1:30 P.M. on Saturday.
3 commentsNemonater
CivilWarRIC12.jpg
Civil Wars RIC 12173 viewsCivil Wars 68-69 CE. AR Denarius (17.50 mm, 3.39 g). Spanish mint, April-June 68 CE.
O: BONI EVENTVS, Female bust right, wearing fillet; hair rolled and looped above neck
R: VICTORIA P R, Victory standing left on globe, holding wreath in right hand and palm in left
- BMCRE I 292 Note + Taf 50.2; P.-H. Martin, the anonymous coins of the year 68 AD (1974) 82 # 99 PL 9; E. P. Nicolas, De Néron ŕ Vespasien (1979) 1308 No. 31; 1435 f 1456 # 107 Taf 14.107 B; RIC I˛ Nr. 12 (Spain, 68 n. Chr.) R5 (Group I). Evidently the second known. The above references are all to one example found in Münzkabinett Berlin.

Likely struck by Galba in Spain between April 6 and early June, 68 AD, that is, between the dates of his acceptance of the offer from Vindex and of his receiving news of his recognition by the Senate.

The civil wars at the end of Nero’s reign began with the revolt of the governor of Gallia Lugdunensis, Gaius Julius Vindex, probably around the beginning of March of AD 68. Vindex had claimed that he had a force of 100,000 men, and a substantial coinage was certainly needed to pay them.

Vindex offered the leadership of the revolt to Servius Sulpicius Galba, then governor of Hispania Tarraconensis, who was hailed imperator by the Spanish legions at Carthago Nova in April of the same year. The title was cautiously refused, but Galba did declare himself the legatus of the senate and people of Rome. Just a month later, Galba’s confidence would be shaken by the crushing defeat of Vindex near Besançon by the general Lucius Verginius Rufus, governor of Germania Superior. By 9 June Nero was dead, having taken his own life. Galba began his march to Rome, and his brief reign was underway.

Without an emperor to strike in the name of (save for that in honor of the “model emperor” of Roman history, Augustus) the coinage was struck with messages suiting the political climate. The coinage under Vindex possesses a more aggressive air that underscores the militant nature of his revolt, while Galba’s tends to be more constitutional and optimistic in tone. Originally struck in large numbers, as indicated by the number of types employed, the coins of the civil wars are all rare today, having been recalled after the final victory of Vespasian in 69 AD.
5 commentsNemonater
Nero_Claudius_Drusus_AE_sestertius_-_37mm_188.jpg
Claudius (Augustus) Coin: Brass Sestertius (for Nero Claudius Drusus)5 viewsNERO CLAVDIVS DRVSVS GERMANICVS IMP - Bare head of Nero Claudius Drusus left
TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP P P - Claudius seated left on curule chair, holding branch, arms around.
Exergue: SC


Mint: Rome (41-43 AD)
Wt./Size/Axis: 24.90g / 37mm / 6h
Rarity: Scarce
References:
RIC 109 (Claudius)
BMCRE 208 (Claudius)
CBN 198
Cohen 8
von Kaenel Type 72
Provenances:
Marti Classical Numismatics
Acquisition/Sale: Marti Classical Numismatics VCoins $0.00 01/19
The Gary R. Wilson Collection

Nero Claudius Drusus, commonly called Drusus senior, brother of Tiberius, second son of Tiberius Claudius Nero and of Livia, was born in the year of Rome 716, three months after his father had yielded up Livia to Augustus.
Realizing the anticipations of that Emperor, he became the most accomplished hero of his time. Sent at the age of twenty-three into Rhaetia (the Tyrol) to quell a revolt, he conquered the insurgents at Trent in a pitched battle. Afterwards named General of the armies in Germany, his successes were so great that he extended the dominion of the Romans to the banks of the Elbe. This fine character conceived the design of re-establishing the Republic, and entrusted his secret to his brother Tiberius, who it is said betrayed him to Augustus. -- He died in the year 745 (A.D. 9), before he had repassed the Rhine, in the 30th year of his age, deeply regretted by the whole empire for the great and virtuous qualities with which his name was so gloriously associated. After his death the Senate surnamed him GERMANICVS, which was transmitted to his children. Statues and triumphal arches were also erected to his honour and figured on his medals. This Prince had married Antonia, by whom he had Germanicus and Livilla. On his coins which, in each metal, are all more or less rare, he is styled DRVSVS - NERO CLAVDIVS DRVSVS GERMANicus IMP.

Obverse translation:
NERO CLAVDIVS DRVSVS GERMANICVS IMPerator=commander

Reverse translation:
TIberius CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVGvstvs Pontifex Maximvs TRibvnitiae Potestatis IMPerator=Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus, Sovereign Pontiff, invested with the tribunitian power.
Gary W2
apio55.jpg
COLUMN, Antoninus Pius196 viewsAR denarius. 3.46 gr. Bare headed bust right, slight drapery on shoulders. DIVVS ANTONINVS. / Column surmounted by statue of Pius holding eagle and sceptre.Fencing in front. DIVO PIO. RIC III 440 (M.Aurelius). RSC 353
The column of Antoninus Pius was raised by his successors M.Aurelius and L.Verus in the Campus Martius. The column and statue no longer exists but the base with a dedicatory inscription,two sides with a funerary Decursio,and the last side representing the ascent of the Emperor and his wife Faustina to heaven can be seen in the Vatican.

benito
WashingtonBeforeBoston.JPG
Comitia Americana - Washington before Boston, 1776.123 viewsObv. Bust of George Washington right, GEORGIO WASHINGTON SVPREMO DVCI EXERCITVVM ADSERTORI LIBERTATIS COMITA AMERICANA [at neck truncation] DU VIVIER / PARIS . F.
Rev. Siege of Boston, HOSTIBUS PRIMO FUGATIS [in exergue] BOSTONIUM RECUPERATUM / XVII MARTII / MDCCLXXVI [at bottom right of canon in the foreground] DU VIV
AE68. 20th century US mint striking.

One of the most encouraging early victories during the Revolutionary War was the British evacuation of Boston on March 17, 1776. During the harsh winter months Henry Knox had transported a number of canon from Fort Ticonderoga in western New York to Boston. As soon as this heavy artillery arrived Washington mounted the canons on Dorchester Heights overlooking the city. Under the threat of bombardment the British troops quickly fled, making Boston the first major city liberated from British occupation. Eight days later, on March 25, 1776, the Continental Congress authorized a medal to commemorate this event. Up through 1787 Congress authorized ten additional medals commemorating war heroes, however no medals were actually produced until 1790. In that year the federal Congress commissioned the Paris mint to produce these long overdue items. The Washington Before Boston medal was considered the most important and was the largest in the series, which is now referred to as the Comitia Americana (or American Congress) medal series. A gold example was presented to Washington along with a collection of eleven silver medals (nine of which were from the eleven medals authorized by congress); the gold exampe is now in the Boston Public Library while Washington's collection of eleven silver medals now resides in the Massachusetts Historical Society.
1 commentsLordBest
WashingtonBeforeBostonParispre1860s.JPG
Comitia Americana - Washington before Boston, 1776. Paris Mint, pre 1841 or 1860.112 viewsObv. Bust of George Washington right, GEORGIO WASHINGTON SVPREMO DVCI EXERCITVVM ADSERTORI LIBERTATIS COMITA AMERICANA [at neck truncation] DU VIVIER / PARIS . F.
Rev. Siege of Boston, HOSTIBUS PRIMO FUGATIS [in exergue] BOSTONIUM RECUPERATUM / XVII MARTII / MDCCLXXVI [at bottom right of canon in the foreground] DU VIV
AE68. Paris mint, Die combination 4, before 1860, plain edge, before 1841. Holed for suspension.
LordBest
commodus_denarius.jpg
Commodus Denarius, 'Mars'22 viewsRIC 257, C 346 L
Legend: AELAVRELCOMMAVGPFEL
Laureate head right.
Reverse Legend:: MARTIVLTORIAVG
Mars standing right, holding spear and resting hand on shield. 191-192
2.7 gms (seems to be clipped). Die axis 6 o’clock. Rome, 191 -192 AD.
Banjaxed
commodus_a-horz.jpg
Commodus. 177-192 AD. Denarius18 views
L AEL AVREL COMM AVG P FEL, laureate bust of right.
MARTI VLTORI AVG, Mars standing right, holding spear and shield.
RIC 257, RSC 346
Pedja R
Constantin_Ier_2~1.jpg
Constantin Ier11 viewsIMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
MARTI PATRI CONSERVATORI
S A
PTR
PYL
Constantin_Ier_2.jpg
Constantin Ier - 72514 viewsFL VAL CONSTANTINVS NOB C
MARTI PATRI CONSERVATORI
S A
PTR
RIC 725 (seconde Térarchie - 3e émission - été 307)
PYL
constantin_Ier_ric370.JPG
Constantin Ier - 73013 viewsFL VAL CONSTANTINVS NOB C
MARTI PATRI PROPVGNATORI
S A
PTR
RIC 730 (seconde Tétrarchie - 4e émission - été 307)
PYL
Constantin_Ier_6.JPG
Constantin Ier - 772a11 viewsIMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
MARTI PATRI CONSERVATORI
S A
PTR
RIC 772a (troisičme Tétrarchie - automne 307/fin 308)
PYL
Constantin_Ier_4.jpg
Constantin Ier - 77611 viewsIMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
MARTI PATRI PROPVGNATORI
S A
PTR
RIC 776 (troisičme Tétrarchie - automne 307/fin 308)
PYL
Constantin_Ier_10.JPG
Constantin Ier - 77817 viewsIMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
MARTI PATRI PROPVGNATORI
S A
PTR
RIC 778 (troisičme Tétrarchie - automne 307/fin 308)
1 commentsPYL
Constantin_Ier_5.JPG
Constantin Ier - 88415 viewsCONSTANTINVS P F AVG
MARTI CONSERVATORI
RIC 884 (quatričme Tétrarchie - 3e émission - 310-313)
PYL
constantine_3.png
Constantine 5.04.00810 viewsConstantine
Obv IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
(R.laur.cuir)
Rev MARTI PATRI PROPVG
(Mars advancing holding spear and shield)
PLN in ex
London
RIC VI 108 LMCC 5.04.008 (C)
6.3g
Noviomagus
constantine_marti_1.png
Constantine 6.02.00616 viewsConstantine
Obv IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
(R.laur.draped,cuir)
Rev MARTI CONSERVATORI
(Mars leaning on reversed spear, right hand on shield)
T|F
PLN in ex
London
RIC VI 119 LMCC 6.02.006 (R)
4.1g
Noviomagus
constantine_sotf.png
Constantine 6.03.00130 viewsConstantine
Obv CONSTANTINVS PF AVG
(R.laur.cuir)
Rev COMITI AAVVGG
(Sol holding whip in right hand, globe in left)
* | *
T | F
PLN in ex
London
RIC VI 128 CT 6.03.001 (RR)
4.1g
(Chitry Hoard 112)
ex CGB
All issues with the T*/F* bronze mark are very rare.
(The 2017 Revue Numismatique (pages 249 - 261) contains an article about these T*/F* or SOTF (Stars over TF) coins. It lists 29 known examples and 6 have a COMITI AAVVGG reverse. 5 are of Constantine, and one example is of Licinius. The other reverses represented by this bronze mark are GENIO POP ROM (16 known examples), MARTI CONSERVATORI (3 known examples) and SOLI INVICTO COMITI (3 known examples).)
Noviomagus
constantine_marti_1~0.png
Constantine 7.10.00312 viewsConstantine
Obv IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
(R.laur.cuir)
Rev MARTI CONSERVATORI
(Mars leaning on reversed spear, right hand on shield)
* |
PLN in ex
London
RIC VI 254 LMCC 7.10.003 (C)
3.9g
Noviomagus
constantine_marti_2.png
Constantine 7.10.01620 viewsConstantine
Obv CONSTANTINVS AVG
(L.laur, wearing mantle, right hand holding eagle-tipped sceptre)
Rev MARTI CONSERVATORI
Mars helmeted, in military dress, standing right, head right, right hand resting on reversed spear, left on shield)
*|
PLN
Not in RIC LMCC 7.10.016 (R)
London 3.4g
(Two examples of this coin have been sold by CNG. CNG 90 lot 1716, CNG 84 lot 1502)
1 commentsNoviomagus
constantine_marti_3.png
Constantine 7.10.01813 viewsConstantine
Obv CONSTANTINVS AVG
(L,laur, helm, cuir spear over r shoulder, shield on l arm)
Rev MARTI CONSERVATORI
(Mars leaning on reversed spear, right hand on shield)
* |
PLN in ex
London
RIC VI 261 LMCC 7.10.018 (R)
4.9g
Noviomagus
constantine_marti_a.png
Constantine 8.01.00211 viewsConstantine
Obv IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG (R.laur.cuir)
Rev MARTI CONSERVATORI
(Mars leaning on reversed spear, right hand on shield)
*|
PLN
RIC VI 250 LMCC 8.01.002(R)
London
3.0g
Noviomagus
constantine_marti.png
Constantine 8.01.00511 viewsConstantine
Obv IMP CONSTANTINVS P AVG
(R.laur, draped, cuir)
Rev MARTI CONSERVATORI
(Mars stg right, right hand on reversed spear, left on shield)
*|
PLN
RIC VI 253
LMCC 8.01.005(R)
Londinium
Noviomagus
constantine_sf_pln_marti.png
Constantine 8.02.00911 viewsConstantine
Obv IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG
(R.laur.cuir)
Rev MARTI CONSERVATORI
(Mars leaning on reversed spear, right hand on shield)
S |F
PLN in ex
London
RIC VII 4 CT 8.02.009 (R)
3.3g
Noviomagus
constantine_marti_sf.png
Constantine 8.03.0049 viewsConstantine
Obv IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG
(R.laur.cuir)
Rev MARTI CONSERVATORI
(Mars leaning on reversed spear, right hand on shield)
S |F
MLL in ex
London
RIC VII 24 LMCC 8.03.004 (R)
3.2g
Noviomagus
constantine_sarmatia_1.png
Constantine a10.01.0028 viewsConstantine
Obv CONSTANTINVS AVG
(R head laur)
Rev SAMARTIA DEVICTA
(Victory holding trophy in right hand, branch in left hand, trampling captives)
PLONU in ex
London
RIC VII 289 CT 10.01.002 (C)
2.9g
This coin was issued in about 323 AD after Constantine defeated a Sarmatian army who attacked a garrison, which was possibly based at Campona (Campona was south of Aquincum, which is now Budapest). Sarmatia was situated on the other side of the Danube. At the time, Constantine was based in Salonica and was preparing for war with Licinius, who was emperor in the East. Sarmatia Devicta means "Sarmatia has been conquered."
Noviomagus
constantine_sarmatia_2.png
Constantine a10.01.00313 viewsConstantine
Obv CONSTANTINVS AG
(R head laur)
Rev SAMARTIA DEVICTA
(Victory holding trophy in right hand, branch in left hand, trampling captives)
PLONU in ex
London
RIC VII 290 CT 10.01.003 (C)
2.7g
This coin was issued in about 323 AD after Constantine defeated a Sarmatian army who attacked a garrison, which was possibly based at Campona (Campona was south of Aquincum, which is now Budapest). Sarmatia was situated on the other side of the Danube. At the time, Constantine was based in Salonica and was preparing for war with Licinius, who was emperor in the East. Sarmatia Devicta means "Sarmatia has been conquered."
Noviomagus
marti com.JPG
Constantine I 27 viewsAE 21-22 mm 3.1 grams
OBV :: CONSTANTINVS PF AVG. Laureate and cuirassed bust right
REV :: MARTI CON-SERVATORI. Mars standing right right holding spear and shield
EX :: TT ( Ticinum )
RIC VI Ticinum 124a
RIC rated Scarce
ex-Ben Bridgwater collection
Johnny
rjb_2009_09_14.jpg
Constantine I10 viewsConstantine I
Trier mint
CONSTANTINVS PF AVG
Laureate, draped bust right
MARTI CONSERV
Mars standing right holding spear and resting on shield
-/-//PTR
RIC (VI) Trier 896
mauseus
constantine-i-mars-trier.jpg
Constantine I (316 AD) AE follis, Trier mint, Mars8 viewsRoman Imperial, Constantine I (316 AD) AE follis, Trier mint

Obverse: IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG , Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.

Reverse: MARTI CON-SERVATORI, Mars, helmeted, in military dress, standing half right, head right, reversed spear in right hand, left hand resting on ornate curved shield. T-F across fields. Mintmark: ATR.

Reference: RIC VII Trier 108
Gil-galad
constantine_mars_res.jpg
CONSTANTINE I -- Marti30 views307 - 337 AD
STRUCK 310 - 313 AD
AE Follis 25 mm 4.97 g
O: CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: MARTI CONSERVATORI, helmeted and cuirassed bust of Mars right, no mintmark.
Trier (Treveri) Mint
laney
marti_conservatori.jpg
Constantine I AE Follis - MARTI CONSERVATORI, Trier99 viewsConstantine I AE Light Follis. 310-313 AD. Trier. IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate, cuirassed bust right / MARTI CON-SERVATORI, Mars standing right, helmeted, in military dress, holding upright spear, point downwards and resting left hand on shield. T-F across fields. Mintmark PTR. RIC VI Trier 859. 4 commentsPhiloromaos
ConstantineMars.jpg
Constantine I AE Follis. Bust of Mars.30 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right seen from behind.
Rev: MARTI CONSERVATORI, helmeted and cuirassed bust of Mars right, star on helmet's earpiece.
No mint mark. RIC 885 var (bust type, star on helmet).
310-313 AD. Trier.
ancientone
Screenshot_2019-05-18_20_09_25.png
Constantine I as Augustus, AE Follis.11 viewsTrier 310-313 A.D. 4.54g - 22.4mm, Axis 6h.

Obv: IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG - Laureate, draped bust right, seen from the back.

Rev: MARTI CON-SERVATORI - Mars standing right, helmeted, in military dress, holding upright spear, point downwards, left hand on shield. T-F across fields. Mintmark PTR.

RIC VI 858.
scarli
Constantine_I_Mars_RIC_VI_862.JPG
Constantine I Mars RIC VI 86225 viewsConstantine I, Follis, Trier, 310 - 313 AD, RIC VI 862 (C2),
OBV: CONSTANTINVS P F AVG (legend RIC 1d), Laureate and cuirassed bust right (bust RIC B)
REV: MARTI CON-SERVATORI, Mars, helmeted, standing right, leaning on reversed spear left,
resting shield on ground. T-F in left and right fields
PTR in exergue
1 commentsSRukke
Constantine_I_Marti_Conservatori~0.JPG
Constantine I Marti Conservatori22 viewsCONSTANTINE I, Ć Follis, Ticinum, 307 - 337 AD, RIC VI, pg., 296, 124a
IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right
REV: MARTI CON-SERVATORI, Mars standing right in military dress,
leaning right on reverse spear, left on shield
TT in exergue
Romanorvm
constantine samartia com.JPG
Constantine I RIC VII Sirmium 4852 viewsAE 17-20 mm 31 grams
OBV :: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG. Laureate head right
REV :: SARMATIA DEVICTA. Victory advancing right, holding trophy, palm branch & spurning captive on ground to right
EX :: SIRM ( Sirmium )
RIC VII Sirmium 48
RIC rated C3
purchased 03/2008


Copied from Numiswiki

This coin alludes to the Sarmatian war and the victories of Constantine in the year of Christ 322. According to Zosimus (lib. 2) that great emperor drove back the routed Sarmatae beyond the Danube, and they pursued them to a place where they had rallied for the purpose of renewing the fight. He there again defeated and put them to flight, taking a great number of them prisoners, whom he doomed to captivity, and their King, Rausimodus being left among the slain.
Johnny
CI_Mars_k.jpg
Constantine I, 307-337 6 viewsĆ Follis, 23mm, 4.8g, 6h; Trier mint, AD 313-315
Obv.: CONSTANTINVS PF AVG; Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Rev. MARTI CON-SERVATORI; Mars helmeted in military dress, standing right, cloak spread, holding vertical spear reversed, resting left hand on shield; T-F // PTR
Reference: RIC VII Trier 50, r4
From the YOC Collection / 16-421-40
John Anthony
6160_6161.jpg
Constantine I, Follis, DN CONSTANTINI MAX AVG10 viewsAE Follis
Constantine I
Caesar: 306 - 307AD
Augustus: 307 - 337AD
Issued: 325 - 326AD
19.0mm 3.34gr 6h
O: CONSTANTINVS AVG; Laureate head, right.
R: DN CONSTANTINI MAX AVG; Wreath, badge at top, VOT/(dot)/XXX, within.
Exergue: SMHB
Heraclea Mint
RIC VII Heraclea 82, B.
Aorta: 1426: B59, O4, R46, T301, M7.
martichworldcoins7 222832338121
2/17/18 3/14/18
Nicholas Z
6162_6163.jpg
Constantine I, Follis, GLORIA EXERCITVS14 viewsAE Follis
Constantine I
Caesar: 306 - 307AD
Augustus: 307 - 337AD
Issued: 330 - 333AD
18.0mm 1.45gr 0h
O: CONSTANTI-NVS MAX AVG; Diademed (rosettes), draped and cuirassed bust, right.
R: GLORI-A EXER-CITVS; Soldiers (2) standing on either side of 2 standards, spear in one hand, shield in other; dot on banner; 3-7 badges.
Exergue: SMTSA
Thessalonica Mint
RIC VII Thessalonica 198
Aorta: 783: B18, O9, R87, T220, M17.
martichworldcoins7 222832338128
2/17/18 3/14/18
Nicholas Z
Const1 71.jpg
Constantine I, RIC VI 141, Aquileia46 viewsObv: IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
Bust: Laureate and cuirassed bust right
Rev: MARTI CONSERVATORI
Mars, helmeted, standing right and looking left, holding reversed spear and leaning on shield.
Exe: AQT
Date: 312-313 AD
RIC VI 141
Denom: Follis
Bluefish
constantine.jpg
Constantine MARTI CONSERVATORI37 viewsA.D. 314-15
20x20mm
Obv. IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG bust laur., cuir.
Rev. MARTI CONSERVATORI [To Mars, the saviour] Mars in military dress, stg. r., reversed spear in r. hand, l. on shield set on the ground, cloak across r. shoulder. Mintmark: ST. RIC VI Ticinum 125
James b4
constantine_marti.jpg
Constantine MARTI CONSERVATORI62 viewsConstantine AE Follis. ca Autumn 307-end 308 AD.
IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, laureate cuirassed bust right /
MARTI PATRI CONSERVATORI S-A,
Mars, naked in helmet, standing right, holding spear inverted & resting arm on shield,
PTR in ex
1 commentsJames b4
CONSTANTINE_I_MARS.JPG
Constantine the Great143 viewsConstantine I - Trier Mint - AE Follis - RIC VI 772a

O: IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, laureate cuirassed bust right

R: MARTI PATRI CONSERVATORI Mars, naked in helmet, standing right, holding spear inverted & resting arm on shield, S-A left/right fields, PTR in ex.

6.23g, 26.4mm, 0 degree die axis, 307-308AD
3 commentsBiancasDad
CONSTANTINE_MARTI.JPG
Constantine the Great112 viewsConstantine I - Trier - RIC VI 776

O: IMP CONSTANTNVS PF AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right

R: MARTI PATRI PROPVGNATORI, Mars advancing right, holding spear and shield in left hand, S-A in fields, PTR in exergue

5.2g, 25mm, 0 degree die axis, 307-308AD
1 commentsBiancasDad
c1marticons-.jpg
Constantine the Great AE centenionalis AD31425 viewsobv:IMP.CONSTANTINVS.PF.AVG
rev:MARTI.CONSERVATORI / */ P T
ref:RICvii-Ticinum19
mint:Ticinum, 2.70g, 19mm
Very rare
berserker
0640-320np_noir.jpg
Constantine the Great, Follis140 viewsFollis struck in Trier, 1st officina
IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, Laureate and cuirassed bust of Constantine right
MARTI PATRI PROPVGNATORI, Mars walking right, holding spear and shield. S A in field, PTR at exergue
7.40 gr, 26 mm
Ref : RC #3864, Cohen #368
2 commentsPotator II
Constantine The Great- Marti.jpg
Constantine The Great- Marti85 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Obverse:Laureate and cuirassed bust right
CONSTANTINVS PF AVG

CONSTANTINVS: Contantine
PF: Pius Felix,
AVG: Agustus,

Reverse:
MARTI CONSERVATORI

MARTI: Mars
CONSERVATORI: Preserver

Showing: Mars with helm, in military dress, and with the cloak spead out. Mars stands left and lokks right. Mars holds a reverse spear in right hand ond a shield in on the ground at left. There is a T at left and F at left across the reverse.

Domination: Follis, Bronze, size 20 mm
Mint: PTR-- (Prima) , TR (Trier)

1 commentsJohn Schou
Constantinus_I_-_Marti.jpg
Constantinus I - RIC 88116 viewsTrier 310-313 AD.
IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG
MARTI CONSERVATORI
xokleng
CONSTANTINUS_I__BRONZE_ANTIOCHIA_LAGERTOR_TÜRMCHEN_STERN.jpg
Constantinus I., 306-337 n. Chr34 viewsAE-Bronze
327-329 n. Chr.
Antiochia
Vs.:Drapierte Panzerbüste r. mit Rosettendiadem.
Rs.:Lagertor mit zwei turmartigen Aufbauten, darüber Stern.
RIC 81G
f.vz
3,03 gr - 19 mm _1179 sold
2 commentsAntonivs Protti
ConstantiusI RIC 602a.jpg
Constantius I Chlorus - follis RIC 602a26 viewsFollis, RIC 602a, 11.04g; minted in Trier; obverse: CONSTANTIVS NOB C, Laureate cuirassed bust right; reverse: GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chalmys over left shoulder, right holding patera over altar, left cornucopia, S in left field, F in right field, PTR in ex.

Notes: Ex Martin Griffiths (Maridvnvm) collection.

Priscian
constantius_prov_2.png
Constantius II a10.02.00810 viewsConstantius II
Obv FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
(L, bust laur, draped, cuir)
Rev PROVIDENTIAE CAESS
(Camp gate with 2 turrets)
PLON in ex
London
RIC VII 298 LMCC 10.02.008 (C)
3.0g
(ex C J Martin)
Noviomagus
marti_cons.jpg
Contantine I Follis, Mars (RIC Trier 82)7 viewsTrier mint, 1st officina, 315-316. 21 mm, 2.49 g, 0ş.

Obverse: CONSTANTINVS P F AVG Laureate bust of Constantine, cuirassed, looking right.

Reverse: MARTI CONSERVATORI Mars, holding spear in right hand, resting left hand on shield. B in left field, S in right.

Exergue: PRT.

Reference: RIC VII Trier 82. Added to Wildwinds.
Manuel
Rome_-_semiuncia_cr_38_7_sm.jpg
Cr 38/7 - Semiuncia 39 viewsAnonymous Ć Semuncia
Rome mint. Circa 217-215 BC. (21mm, 6.65 g, 12h).
Head of Mercury right, wearing winged petasos / Prow of galley right.
Crawford 38/7; Sydenham 87. VF, emerald green patina, scattered pits.
Property of Princeton Economics acquired by Martin Armstrong.
Ex CNG - Nov. 2013
1 commentsSosius
899CNG411.jpg
Cr 252/1 AR Denarius L. Postumius Albinus3 viewsL. Postumius Albinus 131 BCE
Rome mint
Helmeted head of Roma right; apex to left, mark of value below chin / Mars driving galloping quadriga right, holding trophy, shield, and spear. LPOSTA below, ROMA in ex.
19.5mm 3.91 gm
Postumia 1
One of the types without associated bronze. Interesting use of ligate lettering on rev. The apex on the obv. presumably reflects that an ancestor was Flamens Martialis; an ordinary moneyer is probably a bit young for that priesthood. One would have to have considerable self-confidence to wear such a hat, which can be seen on this iteration to be quite tall and spiky, not always seen quite that way.
PMah
MAntDeL14.jpg
Crawford 544/29, Marc Antony, for Legio XIV, Denarius, 32-31 BC.84 viewsMarc Antony, for Legio XIV (Gemina Martia Victrix), Patras mint (?), 32-31 BC.,
Denarius (16-17 mm / 3,63 g),
Obv.: above: [AN]T AVG , below: [III VI]R R P C , under oar right, filleted scepter or mast with fluttering banners on prow.
Rev.: LEG - XIV , Aquila (legionary eagle) between two military standards.
Crawf. 544/29 ; Bab. (Antonia) 123 ; BMC 208 ; Sear 369 ; Syd. 1234 .

Die Legio XIV wurde 41 v. Chr. von Augustus aufgestellt. Sie war seit 9 n. Chr. in Moguntiacum (Mainz) stationiert und kämpfte später unter Claudius in Britannien, wo sie 60 oder 61 n. Chr. half, Boudicca niederzuwerfen. Später war die Legion u. a. in Vindobona (Wien) und Carnuntum stationiert. Sie war an den Usurpationen des Saturninus und Regalianus beteiligt.

Legio XIV Gemina Martia Victrix was a legion of the Roman Empire, levied by Octavian after 41 BC. The cognomen Gemina (twin in Latin) suggests that the legion resulted from fusion of two previous ones, one of them possibly being the Fourteenth legion that fought in the Battle of Alesia. Martia Victrix (martial victory) were cognomens added by Nero following the victory over Boudica. The emblem of the legion was the Capricorn, as with many of the legions levied by Augustus.
Invasion of Britain
Stationed in Moguntiacum, Germania Superior, since AD 9, XIIII Gemina Martia Victrix was one of four legions used by Aulus Plautius and Claudius in the Roman invasion of Britain in 43, and took part in the defeat of Boudicca in 60 or 61. In 68 it was stationed in Gallia Narbonensis.
Rebellion on the Rhine
In 89 the governor of Germania Superior, Lucius Antonius Saturninus, rebelled against Domitian, with the support of the XIVth and of the XXI Rapax, but the revolt was suppressed.
Pannonian defense
When the XXIst legion was lost, in 92, XIIII Gemina was sent in Pannonia to substitute it, camping in Vindobona (Vienna). After a war with the Sarmatians and Trajan's Dacian Wars (101-106), the legion was moved to Carnuntum, where it stayed for three centuries. Some subunits of Fourteenth fought in the wars against the Mauri, under Antoninus Pius, and the legion participated to the Parthian campaign of Emperor Lucius Verus. During his war against the Marcomanni, Emperor Marcus Aurelius based his headquarters in Carnuntum.
In support of Septimius Severus
In 193, after the death of Pertinax, the commander of the Fourteenth, Septimius Severus, was acclaimed emperor by the Pannonian legions, and above all by his own. XIIII Gemina fought for its emperor in his march to Rome to attack usurper Didius Julianus (193), contributed to the defeat of the usurper Pescennius Niger (194), and probably fought in the Parthian campaign that ended with the sack of the capital of the empire, Ctesiphon (198).
In support of imperial candidates
In the turmoil following the defeat of Valerian, tXIIII Gemina supported usurper Regalianus against Emperor Gallienus (260), then Gallienus against Postumus of the Gallic empire (earning the title VI Pia VI Fidelis — "six times faithful, six times loyal"), and, after Gallienus death, Gallic Emperor Victorinus (269-271).
5th century
At the beginning of the 5th century, XIIII Gemina still stayed at Carnuntum. It probably dissolved with the collapse of the Danube frontier in 430s. The Notitia Dignitatum lists a Quartodecimani comitatensis unit under the Magister Militum per Thracias; it is possible that this unit is XIV Gemina.

my ancient coin database
1 commentsArminius
cuba_souv_peso_type2.jpg
CUBA - Souvenir Peso47 viewsCUBA - Souvenir Peso, AR, 1897, stars below baseline, Type II. KM #XM-2
The Cuban Numismatic Association writes:
In 1897, the liberation war campaign is in dire need of funds to buy arms and pay the troops. Numerous fundraising events are held from New York City to Tampa and Key West to raise the much-needed money. in 1897, the war campaign is in dire need of funds to buy arms and pay the troops. Numerous fundraising events are held from New York City to Tampa and Key West to raise the much-needed money.

On March 12, 1897, Andrew J. Cobe, a New York “wheeler-dealer,” writes Estrada Palma, offering his idea to strike a coin that would accelerate “Cuba Libre” such as “a souvenir issue similar to the Columbian half dollar”. The idea catches fire almost immediately and, after the details are spelled out in a letter from Cobe to Estrada Palma on April 17, 1897, an agreement is reached and a contract signed on May 10th to strike 3,000,000 coins with “the first installment to consist of ten thousand coins to be delivered within sixty days from date of this contract.”

To prepare a Plaster Cast of the Obverse and Reverse using a design supplied by Estrada Palma, Mr. Cobe contracts Mr. Phillip Martiny, a designer, sculptor and medalist, who together with Saint-Gaudens, had designed in 1889 the Medal of the Centennial Anniversary of the Inauguration of George Washington as President of The United States. Mr. Martiny declines to charge for his work as a donation to the Cuba Libre cause.
dpaul7
caraca.jpg
Denarius; MARTI PACATORI9 viewsCaracalla, Silver denarius. Rome AD 211.
Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM. Rev MARTI PACATORI, Mars standing facing hd. Left, holding olive-branch and resting on shield, spear propped against left arm. RIC 222. BMCRE 371, 81.Cohen 149. SEAR RCV II (2002) 6818.
1 commentsPodiceps
41882_sept_severus_denarius,_RIC_IV_133a.jpg
Denarius; MARTI PACIFERO, RIC IV 133a6 viewsSeptimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D. Silver denarius, RIC IV 133a, RSC III 315, aVF, Rome mint, 2.837g, 18.6mm, 180o, 198 - 200 A.D.; obverse L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP X, laureate head right; reverse MARTI PACIFERO, Mars standing half left, helmeted, nude, foot on cuirass, branch in right, inverted spear in left; interesting flan defect (hole), perhaps overstruck on an earlier holed coin? Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
geta.jpg
Denarius; MARTI VICTORI, RIC 10314 viewsGeta, AR Denarius. Rev. MARTI VICTORI, Mars advancing right holding spear and trophy. RIC 103 RCV 7179Podiceps
Diocletian RIC 46a.jpg
Diocletian - radiate RIC 46a25 viewsPost Reform Radiate, RIC 46a, 3.33g; minted in Alexandria; obverse: IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiate draped bust right; reverse: CONCORDIA MIL-ITVM, Diocletian standing right in military dress, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter leaning on scepter, B between, ALE in ex.

Notes: Ex Martin Griffiths (Maridvnvm) collection.
Priscian
070A.jpg
Diocletian Follis94 viewsRIC VI Trier 677a, cf. RIC VI Cyzicus 22-3 (Cyzicus mint, 305 - 307 A.D.)
10.854 g, 27.9 mm, die axis 180o
D N DIOCLETIANO FELICISSIMO SEN AVG, laureate bust right, wearing trabea, holding branch and mappa
PROVIDENTIA DEORVM QVIES AVGG, Providentia standing right, extending right hand to Quies, standing left, holding branch and leaning on sceptre
S-F across fields, KS in lower centre, PTR in exergue
Note from Wildwinds: This coin was actually struck in Cyzicus. The PTR was left over from the original dies sent to Cyzicus by the engravers in Trier. The mintmark is actually the KS in the lower center.
Rare
Ex: FORVM, the Martin Griffiths collection ("maridvnvm" of FORVM)
2 commentsMark Z2
imgonline-com-ua-twotoone-YzDJ0RvuoZO9-Domitian_Quadrans.jpg
Domitian (Augustus) Coin: Bronze Quadrans 4 views(no legend) - Rhinoceros standing left.
IMP DOMIT AVG GERM - Legend surrounding large S C
Exergue:



Mint: Rome (84-85 AD)
Wt./Size/Axis: 2.57g / 17mm / 12h
References:
RIC II (second edition)251
Sear 2835
Cohen 674
BMC 498
Paris 539-541
Provenances:
NUMISMÁTICA PRADOS
Acquisition/Sale: NUMISMÁTICA PRADOS VCoins $0.00 03/19

The Gary R. Wilson Collection.

From The Hazelton Collection: The Rhinoceros in the Room
Domitian quadrantes, RIC 248-251
January 6, 2019



Sollicitant pavidi dum rhinocerota magistri

seque diu magnae colligit ira ferae,

desperabantur promissi proelia Martis;

sed tandem rediit cognitus ante furor.

namque gravem cornu gemino sic extulit ursum,

iactat ut inpositas taurus in astra pilas.

Fearfully its handlers poked at the rhinoceros, while he slowly gathered his fierce ire; they despaired of the promised battle, worthy of Mars himself, but at last his previously-known ferocity returned. See, with his twin horns, how he tosses the heavy bear into the sky as a bull throws a straw dummy!

Martial, De Spectaculis Liber, xxii.



omnis habet sua dona dies: nec linea dives

cessat et in populum multa rapina cadit;

nunc veniunt subitis lasciva nomismata nimbis,

nunc dat spectatas tessera larga feras.

Every day brings its own gifts: the line of riches doesn't cease but falls upon the grasping populace; now suddenly fun and frivolous coins rain down, now the grand token offers spectacular beasts.

Martial, VIII.lxxvii.7-10

And according to T.V. Buttrey ("Domitian, the Rhinoceros, and the Date of Martial's Liber De Spectaculis," The Journal of Roman Studies, 2007) fun and frivolity might have been the purpose of the coin. Of course I'm talking about Domitian's rhinoceros quadrans, in four varieties, RIC 248-251. Prof Buttrey points out that the Latin "lasciva nomismata," which previous editors have taken to refer to the obscene spintriae minted under the Julio-Claudians (for use in the bordellos where the emperor's numismatic portrait shouldn't appear), actually just means "playful coins," or, as I have translated the second passage from Martial, "fun and frivolous coins."

Were these rhinoceros coins the same ones that Domitian showered upon Martial's grasping populace during the gladiatorial games? Yes, without a doubt. Prof Buttrey thought so, and so do I.

Furthermore I believe, contrary to RIC, that these coins were in continuous use throughout the reign (from Domitian's adoption of the title "Germanicus," GERM, in 83 until the end). The quantity of surviving coins compared with other varieties of the same denomination support this theory. In my opinion, the reason that they aren't dated is because a date would constitute an expiration date and thus restrict their future use.

However, it seems to me that we ought to be able to place them into a consecutive order even without a date. The rhinoceros quadrantes contain two overlapping variables to consider when determining their chronology, whether the rhinoceros is facing left or right and whether the reverse inscription starts at the top or at the bottom. Clearly, since they do overlap, the two variables can't both be relevant to the question of dating.
Gary W2
rhino_domitien.jpg
Domitian - quadrans21 viewsThis African rhinoceros was the third rhino which had been brought alive to Rome (the first one was an Indian rhino seized by Octavius in Cleopatra's Alexandrian zoo, the second one was seen in Rome later during Augustus' principate. Pliny's mention of a rhino in the games given by Pompey is probably a mistake).
Domitian's rhino could have been the first African rhino in Rome. He has been opposed in the Colosseum to a bear and perhaps also a bull. The fight has been narrated by Martial.
Ginolerhino
Domitian_Quadrans_Rhino.jpg
Domitian Quadrans Rhino86 viewsObv.
Rhinoceros advancing left

Rev.
IMP DOMIT AVG GERM
SC


I love this issue for several reasons. First, this little coin represents the only depiction of a rhinoceros in all of Roman numismatics. This fact just intrigues me, it seems so odd that it is such a unique one off appearance. I enjoy the fact that the depiction shows two horns, confirming that it is an African Rhinoceros. This coin led me on a little journey in trying to understand why this animal was depicted, why only once, and why at that particular time. It turns out that this coin was struck to depict a specific rhinoceros, displayed in fights in the Colosseum for the first time.

Martial describes the games in which this took place in his Liber De Spectaculis. The great T.V. Buttrey wrote a fantastic article on this in which he shows that this little coin points to a different date for these games. I dare you to read this article and not want to get one of these coins!

Domitian, the Rhinoceros, and the Date of Martial's Liber' De Spectaculis by T.V. Buttrey

http://www.rhinoresourcecenter.com/pdf_files/129/1291956404.pdf
3 commentsancientdave
D221.jpg
Domitian RIC-22148 viewsĆ As, 10.23g
Rome mint, 84 AD
Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG GERM COS X; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r., with aegis
Rev: MONETA AVGVST; S C in field; Moneta stg. l., with scales and cornucopiae
RIC 221 (C2). BMC 288. BNC 304.
Acquired from Marti Classical Numismatics, September 2018.

In 82 Domitian reformed the coinage by increasing the weight of the gold and fineness of the silver. Production of the bronze coinage was suspended while the mint was reorganised and resumed in 84 with new reverse types. Appropriately, one of the first types struck on the bronze after the coinage reform was Moneta, 'mint goddess of the emperor'. Mattingly believes Moneta in this context can be seen as symbolising Domitian's control of the mint and as paymaster to the empire. A fitting reverse design for an emperor who cared so much for his coinage.

Superb portrait and nice brown patina.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
D251.jpg
Domitian RIC-25183 viewsĆ Quadrans, 3.32g
Rome Mint, 84-85 AD
Obv: (No legend) Rhinoceros stg. l.
Rev: IMP DOMIT AVG GERM; S C in centre
RIC 251 (R). BMC -. BNC 542.
Acquired from Marc Breitsprecher, February 2019.

A few years into Domitian's reign an extraordinary issue of quadrantes were struck featuring a rhinoceros. Although the coins are undated, their production can be narrowed down between late 83 when he assumed the title Germanicus and 85 when the consular date XI appeared on the quadrantes. The type is highly unusual and breaks with the standard obverses that were normally featured on the quadrans. One may ask, why a rhinoceros? Certainly the animal was rare in Rome and most difficult to obtain. The rhinoceros depicted on the coin is the African species, identified by the two horns. Martial in his book 'On Spectacles' tells of such a rhinoceros in the Colosseum. Presumably, these coins were struck with that very 'star performer' in mind. Ted Buttrey wrote about this coin type in his article Domitian, the Rhinoceros, and the Date of Martial's "Liber De Spectaculis": "it is wrong to write off the rhinoceros of Domitian's coin casually, as if the coin were a picture postcard from the zoo: 'This is a rhinoceros'. No, coin types are pointed. Everything has to do with imperial advertisement and with its importance at the moment of issue: 'This is my rhinoceros'. Domitian's rhinoceros, in its supremacy in the arena might well stand as a metaphor for the invincible success of the emperor conquering general who had recently assumed the historically-weighted title of Germanicus." Coming back to Martial, he also speaks of tokens being showered upon the cheering crowds - could these quadrantes struck cheaply and in massive quantities have been gifts to the cheering mob at the arena? In essence, can this coin double as currency and a souvenir from a long ago day at the games in the Colosseum?

This variant of the famous rhinoceros quadrans is somewhat rare (no examples in the BM) because of the obverse legend beginning in the upper right, more commonly it begins in the lower left. Artistically, most of the rhinos depicted on these coins have a lot to be desired. Some look like wild boars with horns added for effect. Happily, the animal depicted on this coin's obverse indeed looks every part the powerful and fearsome beast which awestruck Roman audiences - as a matter of fact, it appears to be charging with its head down. Perhaps the engraver was a witness to the very games martial describes?

As mentioned above, the rhino depicted on the coin is the two-horned African species. In contrast, the Indian rhino has one horn. Pliny in his Natural Histories describes the rhinoceros as a one horned creature (although confusingly he confirms its Ethiopian origins), Martial said it had two. The rhino was so rare in Rome, Pliny had to go all the way back to the games of Pompey the Great in 55 BC to find a reference for the animal on display in the city, apparently it was a one-horned Indian rhino. At any rate, both the numismatic evidence and Martial's description coincide rather nicely to confirm that Domitian, at great expense no doubt, brought to Rome an African rhinoceros for his shows in the new Colosseum. The surviving coins featuring this fantastic beast prove how important a feat this was to the emperor.

Well centred with a lovely green patina and fine style.
3 commentsDavid Atherton
D790sm.jpg
Domitian RIC-79080 viewsAR Denarius, 3.56g
Rome mint, 95-96 AD
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XV; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XXII COS XVII CENS P P P; Minerva stg. l., with spear (M4)
RIC 790 (C2). BMC 235. RSC 290. BNC 209.
Acquired from C. J. Martin, August 2013.

A very crisp denarius which was struck during the last year of Domitian's reign between 14 September 95 to 13 September 96. This was a large issue with many common examples, including all four standard Minerva types, and one which saw the introduction of many new types (the flying Minverva for example). These later coins tend to lack the high quality and craftsmanship of earlier issues.

A very sharp coin in hand.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
Domitian_Dupondius_Fortuna_AE28_10.1g.jpg
Domitian, Dupondius, Fortuna, Rome74 viewsDupondius (AE 27-28mm) Rome, 86 AD. IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS (XII CENS) PER PP Bust laureate left, with aegis (FORT)VNAE - AVGVST(I) / S - C Fortuna standing l. holding rudder and cornucopiae. 10,10gr. Almost very fine. Rare. Nice golden-brown patina.
C.124; BMC p.382, 383 and pl. 75.9; RIC p.195, 326(b).

ex Dr. Martina Dieterle
4 commentsareich
EB0484_scaled.JPG
EB0484 Caracalla / MARTIPRO-PVGNATORI13 viewsCaracalla, AR Denarius, 210-213 AD.
Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right.
Rev: MARTI PRO - PVGNATORI, Mars walking left, holding spear and trophy.
References: RIC IV 223, BMCRE 87; RSC 150.
Diameter: 20mm, Weight: 2.729 grams.
EB
EB0486_scaled.JPG
EB0486 Caracalla / MARTIPROP-VG-NATORI9 viewsCaracalla, AR Denarius, 210-213 AD.
Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right.
Rev: MARTIPROP VG NATORI, Mars walking left, holding spear and trophy.
References: RIC IV 223, BMCRE 87; RSC 150.
Diameter: 19.5mm, Weight: 3.259 grams.
EB
EB0531_scaled.JPG
EB0531 Philip I, AE Sestertius18 viewsPhilip I, AE Sestertius, Viminacium, Moesia, 244-245 AD.
Obv: IMP M IVL Philippus AVG Laurate head right.
Rev: PMS COL VIM Moesia standing arms outstretched between bull and lion. AN VI in exergue.
References: Pick 100; Martin 2'09'1.
Diameter: 30mm, Weight: 18.681 grams
EB
EB0843_scaled.JPG
EB0843 Gallienus / Mars25 viewsGallienus 253-268, Billon Antoninianus, Rome.
Obverse: GALLIENVS dot P dot F dot AVG, radiate, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: DEO MARTI, tetrastyle temple with Mars standing left within, holding spear and resting hand on shield.
References: RIC 10.
Diameter: 23.5mm, Weight: 2.303g.
EB
EB0858_scaled.JPG
EB0858 Probus / Mars19 viewsProbus 276-282, AE Antoninianus, Ticinum mint, 279 AD.
Obverse: VIRTVS PROBI AVG, helmeted, radiate and cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield.
Reverse: MARTI PACIF, Mars walking left, holding olive branch, spear and shield, I left - star right; QXXI in exergue.
References: RIC 472.
Diameter: 23mm, Weight: 3.702g.
1 commentsEB
EB0880_scaled.JPG
EB0880 Constantine I / Mars5 viewsConstantine I 307-337, AE Light Follis, Trier? 310-313 AD.
Obverse: IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: MARTI CON-SERVATORI, Mars, helmeted, standing right, leaning on reversed spear and resting left hand on shield on ground. ?-F across fields. Mintmark ???.
References: Cf. RIC VI Trier 855.
Diameter: 21.5mm, Weight: 2.941g.
EB
elag_marsvictor.jpg
Elagabalus AR Antoninianus - MARS VICTOR #227 viewsEmperor Elagabalus (AD218-222)
Silver Antoninianus of the Rome Mint.

obv: IMP CAES M AUR ANTONINUS AUG - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
rev: MARS VICTOR - Mars, nude except for cloak flowing in the wind and helmet, walking right holding spear, and carrying trophy over shoulder.
rexesq
Elagabal RIC 102.jpg
Elaganalus - denarius RIC 10285 viewsSilver denarius, RIC 102, 2.67g; 219 A.D.; obverse: IMP ANTONINVS AVG, laureate draped bust right; reverse: LIBERALITAS AVG II, Liberalitas standing front, head left, holding abacus & cornucopiae set on base.

Notes: Ex Martin Griffiths (Maridvnvm) collection.
1 commentsPriscian
FA027104-0201101-I464.JPG
FA027104-0201101-I464. Constantine I AE Follis. Aquilea Mint. Marti Conservatori.70 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS P F AVG; bust B; laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MARTI CON - SERVATORI; Mars standing left, head right, leaning on spear and resting hand on shield.
Mint marks: AQP
21.6mm; 4.0g; 180 deg.
Minted 312-313 AD.
RIC VI 139; R.
Varangian
FA027104-0201102-L018.JPG
FA027104-0201102-L018. Constantine I AE Follis. Aquilea Mint. Marti Conservatori.36 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS P F AVG; bust B; laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MARTI CON - SERVATORI; Mars standing right, leaning on spear and resting hand on shield.
Mint marks: AQP
20.5mm; 4.3g; 180 deg.
Minted 312-313 AD.
RIC VI 141; R.
Ex Triton IX, Lot 2483.
Varangian
FA027122-0200201-I413.JPG
FA027122-0200201-I413. Constantine I AE Follis. Londinium Mint. Marti Conservatori.29 viewsObv: IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG; bust A; laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MARTI CON - SERVATORI; Mars standing right, leaning on spear and resting hand on shield.
Mint marks: T│PLN│F
23.8mm; 3.7g; 185 deg.
Minted 310 AD.
RIC VI 118; R.
Varangian
FA027122-0200302-I462.JPG
FA027122-0200302-I462. Constantine I AE Follis. Londinium Mint. Marti Conservatori.13 viewsObv: IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG; bust A; laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MARTI CON - SERVATORI; Mars standing right, leaning on spear and resting hand on shield.
Mint marks: *│PLN
22.9mm; 3.2g; 190 deg.
Minted 312-313 AD.
RIC VI 251; S.
Varangian
FA027122-0200304-I455.JPG
FA027122-0200304-I455. Constantine I AE Follis. Londinium Mint. Marti Conservatori.19 viewsObv: IMP CONSTANTINVS P AVG; bust B; laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MARTI CON - SERVATORI; Mars standing right, leaning on spear and resting hand on shield.
Mint marks: *│PLN
20.9mm; 3.5g; 180 deg.
Minted 312-313 AD.
RIC VI 253; C.
Varangian
FA027122-0200305-I447.JPG
FA027122-0200305-I447. Constantine I AE Follis. Londinium Mint. Marti Conservatori.27 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS P F AVG; bust A; laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MARTI CON - SERVATORI; Mars standing right, leaning on spear and resting hand on shield.
Mint marks: *│PLN
22.9mm; 4.3g; 180 deg.
Minted 312-313 AD.
RIC VI 254; C2.
Varangian
FA027122-0200305-I451.JPG
FA027122-0200305-I451. Constantine I AE Follis. Londinium Mint. Marti Conservatori.23 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS P F AVG; bust A; laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MARTI CO - NSERVATORI; Mars standing right, leaning on spear and resting hand on shield.
Mint marks: *│PLN
23.5mm; 4.1g; 180 deg.
Minted 312-313 AD.
RIC VI 254; C2.
Rare O-N reverse legend break noted in RIC.
Varangian
FA027122-0200312-I370.JPG
FA027122-0200312-I370. Constantine I AE Follis. Londinium Mint. Marti Conservatori.12 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS AVG; bust H; laureate, helmeted and cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield.
Rev: MARTI CON - SERVATORI; Mars standing right, leaning on spear and resting hand on shield.
Mint marks: *│PLN
22.6mm; 4.7g; 180 deg.
Minted 312-313 AD.
RIC VI 261; S.
Ex Andrew Wayne Collection.
Varangian
FA027122-0200401-I323.JPG
FA027122-0200401-I323. Constantine I AE Follis. Londinium Mint. Marti Conservatori.9 viewsObv: IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG; bust B5; laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MARTI CON - SERVATORI; Mars standing right, leaning on spear and resting hand on shield.
Mint marks: S│PLN│F
20.7mm; 2.8g; 180 deg.
Minted 313-314 AD.
RIC VII 4; R4.
Varangian
FA027123-0200201-I352.JPG
FA027123-0200201-I352. Constantine I AE Follis. Lugdunum Mint. Marti Conservatori.18 viewsObv: IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG; bust B3; laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
Rev: MARTI CON - SERVATORI; Mars standing right, leaning on spear and resting hand on shield.
Mint marks: T│PLG│F
20.2mm; 2.8g; 0 degrees
Minted 314-315 AD.
RIC VII 10; R2
Varangian
FA027123-0200201-I456.JPG
FA027123-0200201-I456. Constantine I AE Follis. Lugdunum Mint. Marti Conservatori.20 viewsObv: IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG; bust B3; laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
Rev: MARTI CO - NSERVATORI; Mars standing right, leaning on spear and resting hand on shield.
Mint marks: T│PLG│F
21.6mm; 3.2g; 190 degrees
Minted 314-315 AD.
RIC VII 10v; R2.
O-N break on reverse legend unlisted in RIC.
Varangian
FA027123-0200202-I349.JPG
FA027123-0200202-I349. Constantine I AE Follis. Lugdunum Mint. Marti Conservatori.30 viewsObv: IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG; bust B4; laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MARTI CON - SERVATORI; Mars standing right, leaning on spear and resting hand on shield.
Mint marks: T│PLG│F
20.5mm; 2.8g; 10 degrees.
Minted 314-315 AD.
RIC VII 11; R4.
Varangian
FA027123-0300302-I438.JPG
FA027123-0300302-I438. Constantine I AE Follis. Lugdunum Mint. Marti Patri Conservatori.19 viewsObv: IMP C CONSTANTINVS P F AVG; bust A; laureate and draped bust right, seen from behind.
Rev: MARTI PATRI CONSERVATORI; Mars standing right, leaning on spear and resting hand on shield.
Mint marks: CI│PLC│HS
25.8mm; 6.6g; 0 deg.
Minted 308-309 AD.
RIC VI 294; S.
Varangian
FA027131-0201401-I322.JPG
FA027131-0201401-I322. Constantine I AE Follis. Rome Mint. Marti Conservatori.32 viewsObv: IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG; bust B4; laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MARTI CON - SERVATORI; Mars standing left, facing front, leaning on spear and resting hand on shield.
Mint marks: R│R*P│F
21.6mm; 2.9g; 30 deg.
Minted 314 AD.
RIC VII 25v; R4.
Unlisted in RIC with Mars facing front.
Varangian
FA027131-0202202-I440.JPG
FA027131-0202202-I440. Constantine I AE Follis. Rome Mint. Marti Conservatori.25 viewsObv: IMP C CONSTANTINVS P F AVG; bust B; laureate and draped bust right, seen from behind.
Rev: MARTI CON - SERVATORI; Mars standing left, looking right, leaning on spear and resting hand on shield.
Mint marks: *│RS
21.9mm; 4.9g; 180 deg.
Minted 313 AD.
RIC VI 364v; S.
Bust B for this variant is unlisted in RIC.
Varangian
FA027131-0204202-I365.JPG
FA027131-0204202-I365. Constantine I AE Follis. Rome Mint. Marti Conservatori.19 viewsObv: IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG; bust B4; laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MARTI CON - SERVATORI; Mars standing left, looking right, leaning on spear and resting hand on shield.
Mint marks: R│RQ│F
19.9mm; 3.6g; 180 deg.
Minted 313 AD.
RIC VII 10; R4.
Varangian
FA027138-0202201-I484.JPG
FA027138-0202201-I484. Constantine I AE Follis. Ticinium Mint. Marti Conservatori.27 viewsObv: IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG; bust B5; laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MARTI CON - SERVATORI; Mars standing right, leaning on spear and resting hand on shield.
Mint marks: *│ST
21.0mm; 3.8g; 180 deg.
Minted 313 AD.
RIC VII 12; R5.
Varangian
FA027138-0203101-L018.JPG
FA027138-0203101-L018. Constantine I AE Follis. Ticinium Mint. Marti Conservatori.26 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS P F AVG; bust C; laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MARTI CON - SERVATORI; Mars standing right, leaning on spear, resting hand on shield.
Mint marks: TT
21.5mm; 4.5g; 10 deg.
Minted 312-313 AD.
RIC VI 124a; S.
Triton IX, Lot 2483.
Varangian
FA027138-0203201-I392.JPG
FA027138-0203201-I392. Constantine I AE Follis. Ticinium Mint. Marti Conservatori.21 viewsObv: IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG; bust B4; laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MARTI CON - SERVATORI; Mars standing right, leaning on spear, resting hand on shield.
Mint marks: *│TT
19.7mm; 2.3g; 180 deg.
Minted 313-314 AD.
RIC VII 11; R4.
Varangian
FA027138-0203601-I341.JPG
FA027138-0203601-I341. Constantine I AE Follis. Ticinium Mint. Marti Conservatori.36 viewsObv: IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG; bust B5; laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MARTI CON - SERVATORI; Mars standing right, leaning on spear and resting hand on shield.
Mint marks: *│TT∙
19.1mm; 2.8g; 180 deg.
Minted 314 AD.
RIC VII 18v; U.
Officina T for this variant unlisted in RIC.
Varangian
FA027139-0100105-I453.JPG
FA027139-0100105-I453. Constantine I AE Follis. Treveri Mint. Marti Conservatori.39 viewsObv: IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG; bust B; laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MARTI CONSERVATORI; Helmeted and cuirassed bust of Mars right.
Mint marks:
23.3mm; 4.0g; 0 deg.
Minted 310-313 AD.
RIC VI 881; C.
Varangian
FA027139-0100106-I452.JPG
FA027139-0100106-I452. Constantine I AE Follis. Treveri Mint. Marti Conservatori.53 viewsObv: IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG; bust C; laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MARTI CONSERVATORI; Helmeted and cuirassed bust of Mars right.
Mint marks:
21.7mm; 3.8g; 180 deg.
Minted 310-313 AD.
RIC VI 882; S.
Varangian
FA027139-0100108-I449.JPG
FA027139-0100108-I449. Constantine I AE Follis. Treveri Mint. Marti Conservatori.79 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS P F AVG; bust B; laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MARTI CONSERVATORI; Helmeted and cuirassed bust of Mars right.
Mint marks:
23.8mm; 4.0g; 0 deg.
Minted 310-313 AD.
RIC VI 884; C2.
Varangian
FA027139-0100109-I350.JPG
FA027139-0100109-I350. Constantine I AE Follis. Treveri Mint. Marti Conservatori.94 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS P F AVG; bust C; laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MARTI CONSERVATORI; Helmeted and cuirassed bust of Mars right.
Mint marks:
23.8mm; 4.7g; 180 deg.
Minted 310-313 AD.
RIC VI 885; R.
Varangian
FA027139-0100110-I444.JPG
FA027139-0100110-I444. Constantine I AE Follis. Treveri Mint. Marti Conservatori.78 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS P F AVG; bust B; laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MARTI CONSERVATORI; Helmeted and cuirassed bust of Mars left, carrying spear and shield.
Mint marks:
24.0mm; 2.7g; 0 deg.
Minted 310-313 AD.
Unlisted in RIC.
Varangian
martinique_1897_50-cent_obv_01_rev_01.JPG
France Republic Colonie de la Martinique 1897 50 cent46 views-
---
Republique Francaise Colonie de la Martinique
1897 50 cent
---
-
rexesq
259-3-horz.jpg
France – Flanders, Charles the Bold: 1467 – 7710 viewsDouble Gros, Roberts #7982

Charles the Bold (or Charles the Rash) was baptised Charles Martin and was Duke of Burgundy from 1467 to 1477. Known as Charles the Terrible to his enemies, he was the last Valois Duke of Burgundy and his early death was a pivotal, if under-recognised, moment in European history.

After his death, his domains began an inevitable slide towards division between France and the Habsburgs (who through marriage to his heiress Mary became his heirs). Neither side was satisfied with the results and the disintegration of the Burgundian state was a factor in most major wars in Western Europe for more than two centuries.

Charles’ end came at the Battle of Nancy. Charles formed a new army and arrived in the dead of winter before the walls of Nancy. Having lost many of his troops through the severe cold, it was with only a few thousand men that he met the joint forces of the Lorrainers and the Swiss, who had come to the relief of the town, at the Battle of Nancy (5 January 1477). Charles perished in the fight, his naked and disfigured body being discovered some days afterward frozen into the nearby river. Charles' head had been cleft in two by a halberd, lances were lodged in his stomach and loins, and his face had been so badly mutilated by wild animals that only his physician was able to identify him by his long fingernails and the old battle scars on his body.

Purchased on eBay

NGC Ch AU-55

Cost $197
Richard M10
Fulvia_(42_BCE)_quinarius_(AR).png
Fulvia (42 BCE) quinarius (AR)16 viewsObv.: [III VIR R P C] (Bust of Victory with the likeness of Fulvia) Rev.: ANTON[I] (Lion std.) Field: [A XLI] Exergue: [IMP] Diameter: 13 mm Weight: 1,35 g RSC 3 Sear 126

One of the most fascinating women in Roman history, Martial records a supposed epigram of Augustus starring the notorious Fulvia (not for the prudish amongst us):

"Spiteful censor of the Latin Language, read
six insolent verses of Caesar Augustus:
"Because Antony fucks Glaphyra, Fulvia has arranged
this punishment for me: that I fuck her too.
That I fuck Fulvia? What if Manius begged me to bugger him?
Would I? I don't think so, if I were sane.
"Either fuck or fight", she says. Doesn't she know my prick is dearer to me than life itself? Let the trumpets blare!"
Augustus, you certainly grant my clever little books pardon, since you are the expert at speaking with Roman frankness."
Nick.vdw
gallien_-_buste_-_deo_marti.JPG
Gallien - DEO MARTI11 viewsGALLIENVS . P . F . AVG
DEO MARTI
Mars dans un temple, il tient une haste et un bouclier qui repose ŕ terre.
ex. col. Frédéric Weber
Trčves - 1ere Émission - automne 258
Bourdel 372a
Göbl 889i
Eauze 1505
Elmer 85
PYL
gallien_-_deo_marti.JPG
Gallien - DEO MARTI8 viewsGALLIENVS . P . F . AVG
DEO MARTI
Mars dans un temple, il tient une haste et un bouclier qui repose ŕ terre.
Trčves - 1ere Émission - automne 258
Bourdel 372b
Göbl 889h
Eauze 1498
Elmer 80
PYL
q9~0.JPG
Gallienus9 viewsGALLIENVS AVG
MARTI PACIFERO
RIC V-1, Rome 236
ecoli
galimar.jpg
Gallienus (253 - 268 A.D.)57 viewsAR Antoninianus
O: GALLIENVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right.
R: DEO MARTI, Mars in temple.
Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne) mint, 258-259 A.D.
21mm
3.45g
RIC 10

Reverse Die Clash
2 commentsMat
RIC_Gallienus_SRCV_10288_marti_pacifero_A_left.jpg
Gallienus (Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus) (253-268 A.D.)7 viewsSRCV 10288, RIC-V (S) 236, Göbl 570a, Van Meter 168

AE Antoninianus, 2.28 g., 18.08 mm. max., 180°

Rome mint, first officina, struck during solo reign (260-268 A.D.), in 264-266 A.D.

Obv: GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right.

Rev: MARTI PACIFERO (=To Mars, the peacemaker/pacifier), Mars standing left, raising olive branch in right hand, resting left hand on shield and spear, A in left field.

RIC rarity C, Van Meter VB1.
Stkp
gallilenus-herc-pacifero.jpg
Gallienus AE Antoninianus, (263 AD) Rome mint9 viewsRoman Imperial, Gallienus AE Antoninianus, (263 AD) Rome mint.

Obverse: GALLIENVS AVG, Radiate head right.

Reverse: MARTI PACIFERO, Mars standing left, holding olive-branch, spear and shield, X in left field.

Reference: Cohen 617, RIC 236

Ex: Lazar Lazo Trivunović
Gil-galad
A_billon_Antoninianus_of_Gallienus_.jpg
Gallienus Billon Antoninianus.19 viewsGALLIENVS AVG, Radiate head right

MARTI PACIFERO, Mars standing left holding olive branch, shield and spear, "A" in left field

Minted in Rome


RIC V Part 1 236 (Scarce).
GaiusCaligula
GALLIEN-2.jpg
Gallienus RIC V-1 236 14 viewsObv: GALLIENVS AVG
radiate bust right
Rev: MARTI PACIFERO
Mars walking left with olive branch, spear & shield.
18mm 2.9gm
OWL365
GALLIEN-11.jpg
Gallienus RIC V-1 23623 viewsObv: GALLIENVS AVG
radiate bust right
Rev: MARTI PACIFERO
Mars standing left, holding olive-branch,
spear & shield, H to left.
18mm 2.3gm

OWL365
4619_4620.jpg
Gallienus, Antoninianus, MARTI PACIFERO5 viewsAE Antoninianus
Gallienus
Augustus: 253 - 268AD
Issued: 264 - 266AD
21.0 x 19.0mm 3.25gr
O: GALLIENVS AVG; Radiate head, right.
R: MARTI PACIFERO; Mars standing left, holding olive branch, spear and shield.
Rome Mint
RIC V-1, 236, radiate; Goebl 569a; Sear 10288; Cohen 614.
Aorta: 524: B40, O10, R226, T206, M5.
dw152694 121345006700
5/25/14 3/7/17
Nicholas Z
4617_4618.jpg
Gallienus, Antoninianus, MARTI PACIFERO11 viewsAE Antoninianus
Gallienus
Augustus: 253 - 268AD
Issued: 264 - 266AD
20.0mm
O: GALLIENVS AVG; Radiate head, right.
R: MARTI PACIFERO; Mars standing left, holding branch and scepter.
Exergue: A, left field.
Rome Mint
RIC 236, A, left; Cohen 617.
Aorta: 525: B40, O10, R226, T206, M5.
herus66 291192447642
7/20/14 3/7/17
Nicholas Z
Gallienus 12.jpg
Gallienus, RIC 236,15 viewsObv: GALLIENVS AVG
Bust: Radiate and draped bust right
Rev: MARTI PACIFERO
Mars standing left holding branch in left hand and spear and shield in right.
Date: 253-260 AD
Denom: Antoninianus
Bluefish
gal492.jpg
Gallienus, RIC 492 Siscia14 views
Gallienus, AE antoninianus
Obverse: GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: MARTI PACIFERO, Mars standing left holding an olive branch in right hand and a spear and a shield in left hand.
Siscia mint , 18.9 mm., 2.5 g.
NORMAN K
GALLIEN-29-ROMAN.jpg
Gallienus, RIC V(1)-236.K Rome12 viewsBillon Antoninianus
Rome mint, 264-266 A.D.
18mm, 2.13g
RIC V(1)-236, RSCv.4-627a, RCVv.3-10288

Obverse:
GALLIENVS AVG
Radiate head right

Reverse:
MARTI PACIFRO
H in left field
Mars standing left, holding olive-branch, spear and shield.

Double strike incuse profile of Gallienus on reverse.
rubadub
1111Gallieno_brathwell_marti.jpg
Gallienus, Rome mint (266 d.C.), R/ MARTI PACIFERO (Braithwell hoard)20 viewsGallienus, bronze antoninianus, Rome mint (266 d.C.), VIII officina
AE, 1.423 gr, 18.7 mm, 180°, F ragged flan
D/ GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right
R/ MARTI PACIFERO, Mars standing half left, olive branch raised in right, resting left on grounded shield, spear behind, H in left field
RIC V 236, SRCV III 10288
Nota: nel 266 d.C. le officine della zecca di Roma passano da 6 a 12
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (2 aprile 2011, numero catalogo 128), ex FAC (Morehead City NC Usa, 2010); ex Antony Wilson collection (Yorkcoins, Londra-New York, 2007), ex CNG (Londra, 2007); ex Braithwell hoard (Braithwell, South Yorkshire Uk, 2002).
paolo
wert3.jpg
German Empire or later. 25 WERT-MARK token, with initials J.K.43 views"This type most probably comes from Nuremberg (Lauer, Balmberger?). They were sold by mobile traders and punched locally with the initials of the customer. Without find context it is impossible to say something about the identity of J.K., the user of this token. Because the spelling is WERT (without H) and not WERTH (with H) the piece is dated into the time after AD 1900. KarlAntonMartini

This token could have been used to buy a glas of beer or for a ride in a merry-go-round or something else "

Jochen (2012)

Thank you Jochen, and thank you Karl Anton Martini for the information provided on this token!
1 commentsoneill6217
Germany_Third_Reich_KM79.jpg
Germany, Third Reich: 1933D 2 Reichsmark (KM#79)65 viewsObv: Head left, dates below
Rev: Eagle above denomination

Issued for the celebration of the 450th Anniversary of the birth of Martin Luther. Graded MS64 by PCGS.
3 commentsSpongeBob
Geta_RIC_34b.jpg
Geta - denarius RIC 34b27 viewsGeta. Silver denarius, minted in Rome, 207 AD; 3.25g; obv. P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES, draped bust right; rev. PONTIF COS, Minerva standing left holding spear & leaning on shield. RIC 34b; RSC 104a.

Notes: Ex Martin Griffiths (Maridvnvm) collection.
Bartosz Awianowicz
UnkDenarius.jpg
Geta, RIC-IV / 1 103, Laodiceia46 viewsObv: P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES
Bust: Bare-headed draped bust right
Rev: MARTI VICTORI
Mars advancing right carring trophy over shoulder and spear.
Exe: None
Mint: Laodiceia
Denon: Denarius
Date: 202-209 AD
Ref: RIC-IV / 1 103
Rated "S"
1 commentsBluefish
Gordian-III-RIC-212.jpg
Gordian III / RIC 212, 2'nd series.38 viewsAntoninianus, 242 -244 AD, Antioch mint.
Obverse: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG / Radiate bust of Gordian.
Reverse: MARTI PACIFERO / Mars running left; holding branch, reversed spear, and shield.
4.57 gm., 23 mm.
RIC #212; Sear #8625.

Unusual for the second issue from Antioch is a portrait which shows Gordian as a boy.
1 commentsCallimachus
lg_GordIII_vim.jpg
Gordian III (Augustus), Moesia Superior, Viminacium25 viewsGordian III (Augustus)
Moesia Superior, Viminacium
AE Sestertius 15.93g / 30mm / -
IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG - Laureate draped and curiassed bust right
PMS CO-L VIM - Moesia standing facing between bull & lion
Exergue: AN II (240/41 AD)
Ref: Pick 76; Pick-Martin 1'12'3
Scotvs Capitis
gordianIII_PM1.25.1_ANIII~0.jpg
Gordian III AN III276 viewsGordian III, AN III 240-241 AD; 19.5 gms. 32 mm. Pick-Martin 1.25.1
IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG
PMS C-OL VIM III
slightly weak strike on the right side
Bruce's collection; from Emil Tsenov
1 commentsbruce61813
Gordian_III_AR_Antoninianus_2_88g_,_24mm.jpg
Gordian III AR Antoninianus, 36 views2.88grams, 24mm _7726
Gordian III AR Antoninianus. Antioch mint. MARTI PACIFERO Mars running left, holding branch, reversed spear and shield. RIC 212, RSC 162a


Antonivs Protti
Gordian_III_RIC_212.JPG
Gordian III, 238 - 244 AD18 viewsObv: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian III facing right.

Rev: MARTI PACIFERO, Mars running left, holding a branch, reversed spear and a shield.

Silver Antoninianus, Antioch mint, 242 - 244 AD

2.8 grams, 23.06 mm, 180°

RIC IViii 212, RSC 162, S8625, VM 30
SPQR Coins
Haraclius,_SBCV_807.JPG
Haraclius, SBCV 807 9 viewsNo legend
Standing, facing figures of Heraclius with Martina left and Heraclius Constantine right, each holding a globus cruciger
Large M, ANNO left, Cross above, X right, A below
CON in ex.
AE follis on roughly cut flan, 29mm, 6.29g
novacystis
collage9~0.jpg
Helena, Constantinople41 viewsO: FL IVL HE-LENAE AVG
Bust, ornamental mantle and necklace, hair elaborately dressed
R: PAX PVBLICA
Pax standing left holding branch and transverse sceptre
E: CONS Ε

RIC VIII Constantinopolis 48, year 337-340
Ae4; 15-16mm; 1.74g
Prov. Martin Griffiths
arizonarobin
collage2~0.jpg
Helena, Heraclea44 viewsO: FL HELENA - AVGVSTA
mantled bust right, hair in crest
R: SECVRITAS - REIPVBLICE
Securtias standing, facing, holding branch
E: SMHΔ

RIC VII Heraclea 79 (year 325-326)
Ae follis; 3.82g; 18-19mm
Prov. Martin Griffiths
arizonarobin
36626_Heraclius___Heraclius_C_follis,_SBCV_808,_F.jpg
Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, Follis, Constantinople, Sear 8085 viewsByzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D. Bronze follis, SBCV 808, F, 1st officina, Constantinople mint, 4.010g, 19.4mm, 225o, 624 - 629 A.D.; obverse Heraclius (center), Heraclius Constantine (right), Martina (left), all stand facing wearing crown and chlamys with globus cruciger in right, no legend, crosses between heads; reverse , large M (40 nummi), monogram left, ANNO over cross above, uncertain regnal year date right, A below (1st officina), CON in exergue. This reverse with ANNO above M is unique to Heraclius. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
byzant_sil.jpg
Heraclius Half siliqua24 viewsHeraclius,
Silver half siliqua. Carthage mint, 614-618 A.D. or less likely 628-629 A.D.; obverse D N ERACLIO PP AV, bust of Heraclius facing, beardless, wearing cuirass, paludamentum, and crown with pendilia and cross; reverse no inscription; to left bust of Heraclius Constantine, Heraclius' son, wearing chlamys with tablion and crown with pendilia and cross, to right bust of Martina, Heraclius' wife, wearing robes and crown with long pendilia and cross, cross between heads

DO class III, SB-871, DO-233, MIB 149, DO 233, MIB 149, BMC 343-6, Tolstoi 319-20, Ratto 1460-64, Morrison (CBN) 3-11, S 871

scarce
Tanit
Byzant silver.jpg
Heraclius Half siliqua32 viewsHeraclius
Silver half siliqua, 0.66g, 11.6mm, 100ş, Carthage mint, 614-618 A.D. or less likely 628-629 A.D.; obverse D N ERACLIO PP AV, bust of Heraclius facing, beardless, wearing cuirass, paludamentum, and crown with pendilia and cross; reverse no inscription; to left bust of Heraclius Constantine, Heraclius' son, wearing chlamys with tablion and crown with pendilia and cross, to right bust of Martina, Heraclius' wife, wearing robes and crown with long pendilia and cross, cross between heads;

DO class III, SB-871, DO-233, MIB 149, DO 233, MIB 149, BMC 343-6, Tolstoi 319-20, Ratto 1460-64, Morrison (CBN) 3-11, S 871

Scarce
Tanit
heraclius~0.jpg
Heraclius Half siliqua8 viewsHeraclius,
Silver half siliqua. Carthage mint, 614-618 A.D. or less likely 628-629 A.D.; obverse D N ERACLIO PP AV, bust of Heraclius facing, beardless, wearing cuirass, paludamentum, and crown with pendilia and cross; reverse no inscription; to left bust of Heraclius Constantine, Heraclius' son, wearing chlamys with tablion and crown with pendilia and cross, to right bust of Martina, Heraclius' wife, wearing robes and crown with long pendilia and cross, cross between heads

DO class III, SB-871, DO-233, MIB 149, DO 233, MIB 149, BMC 343-6, Tolstoi 319-20, Ratto 1460-64, Morrison (CBN) 3-11, S 871

scarce
Tanit
sb834,29mm1183gpir.jpg
Heraclius, AE follis, SB 8347 viewsObverse: dd NN hERACLIUS ET hERA CON usually fragmentary, Heraclius Constantine on r., and Empress Martina on L., all stg. facing each wearing crown and chlamys, holding gl. cr. in rt hand. between heads cross.
Reverse: Large M between ANNO regnal yr 3 (III), cross above NIKO in exergue.
Mint: Nicomedia
Date: 612/3 CE
Sear 834 DO 158-60
19mm, 11.83g
wileyc
sb808yr1627mm703g.jpg
Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine and Martina, AE Follis SB 80821 viewsObverse: Martina on left, Heraclius, bearded, in centre, and Heraclius Constantine, on right, standing facing, all crowned and cuirassed, all holding cross on globe, cross to left and right of Heraclius' head .
Reverse: Large M, P on h type monogram to left, ANNO above, regnal year to right (XU) 15, officina letter below (B) mintmark CON.
Date: 625/6 CE
Mint: Constantinople
Sear 808
27mm, 7.03g
wileyc
Heraclius,_SBCV_806.JPG
Heraclius, SBCV 80610 viewsStanding facing figures of Heraclius, Constantine Heraclius and Martina, all holding globus cruciger, two crosses in field between
Large M, Cross above, ANAO left, S right, A below
CON in ex.
Minted 615-616, Constantinople
AE follis, 29mm, 7.44g

Struck on ragged flan
novacystis
Heraclius,_SBCV_808.JPG
Heraclius, SBCV 8089 viewsNo legend
Standing facing figures of Heraclius, Constantine Heraclius and Martina, all holding globus cruciger, two crosses in field between
Large M, Cross above, Monogram of Heraclius left, regnal year right, Δ below
CON in ex.
Constantinople
AE follis, 25mm, 6.27g

Struck on elongate flan
novacystis
Heraclius,_SBCV_836.JPG
Heraclius, SBCV 83611 viewsNo legend
Standing facing figures of Heraclius, Constantine Heraclius and Martina, all holding globus cruciger, two crosses in field between
Large M, ANNO above, Monogram of Heraclius left, XS right, A below
NIKO in ex.
Nikomedia
AE follis, 23mm, 5.73g
novacystis
20171108_113836.jpg
Heraclius, with Martina and Heraclius Constantine. 610-641. Ć Follis13 viewsContemporary imitation of a Constantinople mint issue dated RY 8 (618/9), 4th “officina”.
Obv. Heraclius, in center, flanked by Martina, on left, and Heraclius Constantine, on right, each wearing crown and chlamys and holding globus cruciger;
Rev. Large M; cross above, A/N/N/O u across field; Δ//CON.
References: Cf. DOC 89-91; cf. MIB 161; cf. SB 806.
25mm, 9.25 grams
Canaan
20171108_113820.jpg
Heraclius, with Martina and Heraclius Constantine. 610-641. Ć Follis12 viewsContemporary imitation of a Constantinople mint issue dated RY 10 (620/1), 4th “officina”.
Obv. Heraclius, in center, flanked by Martina, on left, and Heraclius Constantine, on right, each wearing crown and chlamys and holding globus cruciger;
Rev. Large M; cross above, A/N/N/O X across field; Δ//CON.
References: Cf. DOC 89-91; cf. MIB 161; cf. SB 806.
23mm, 5.23 grams
Canaan
U809F1SNQCXWSR.jpg
Herenius Etruscus, AR Antoninian.22 viewsQ HER ETR MES DECIVS NOB C, Radiate draped bust right

SPES PVBLICA, Spes advancing left, raising skirt and holding flower

RIC 149. RSC 38.

Ex Martin Griffiths. Photo M.Griffiths.

GaiusCaligula
host.jpg
Hostilian (250 - 251 A.D.)34 viewsAR Antoninianus
O: C VALENS HOSTIL MES QVINTVS N C, radiate & draped bust right.
R: MARTI PROPVGNATORI, Mars advancing right holding spear & shield.
Rome Mint
2.24g
21mm
RIC IV 177b; RSC 15.
2 commentsMat
Hostilian_Viminacium~0.jpg
Hostilian - Viminacium12 views(sestertius)
mid 250 - XI 251 AD
draped and cuirassed bust right from behind
C VAI HOST M QVIHTVS CAE
Moesia facing head left, bull right, lion left
P M S C_OL VIM
AN XII
Pick-Martin Ref.:4'01'(14/15)
11,7g
ex Gitbud and Naumann
Johny SYSEL
VIM_Hostilianus_AE-27-Ses_C-VAL-HOST-M-QVINTVS-CAE_PM-S-C-OL-VI_AN_XII_P-150_PM-04-03-03_Q-001_1h_27mm_13,45g-s.jpg
Hostilian as Caesar (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 04-03-05var., AE-Sestertius, #01115 views082p Hostilianus (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 04-03-05var., AE-Sestertius, #01
avers:- C-VAI-HOST-M-OVINTVS-CAE (not listed Legend var.), bare headed, draped, cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PM-S-C-OL-VI, Moesia standing facing, head left, right hand holding branch and the left hand holding globe.
exergo: -6-//AN XII, diameter: 27mm, weight: 13,45g, axis: 1h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 250-251 A.D., ref: Pick-150var, PM-4-03-05var (OVINTVS not in Pick-Martin !), Mus-,
Q-001
quadrans
HostVimin.JPG
Hostilian, AE 26 Sestertius19 viewsC VAL HOST M QVINTUS CAE
Bust draped, cuirassed, right, seen from behind
P M S C/OL VIM / AN XII
Moesia standing, head left, between bull and lion
Pick 148; Pick-Martin 4'01'1
whitetd49
0380-210.jpg
Hostilian, Antoninianus - *59 viewsRome mint, AD 251. Issued as Caesar with Trajan Decius
C VALENS HOSTIL MES QUINTVS N C, radiate and draped bust right
MARTI PROPUGNATORI, Mars advancing right, holding spear and shield
2.74 gr
Ref : RCV # 9556, Cohen # 15, RIC # 177b
1 commentsPotator II
hostilian_177b~0.jpg
Hostilian, RIC IV, 177(b)9 viewsHostilian as Caesar, AD 250-251, jounger son of Trajan Decius
AR - Antoninianus, 3.59g, 21.1mm, 15°
Rome, AD 250-251
obv. C VALENS HOSTIL.MES.QVINTVS N C
Bust, draped, radiate, r.
rev. MARTI PROPVGNATORI
Mars in military cloak, helmeted and with boots, advancing r., holding in r. hand transverse spear and in
r. hand shield.
ref. RIC IV/3, 177(b); C. 15
S!, about SS
Jochen
hostilian_177b.jpg
Hostilian, RIC IV, 177b35 viewsHostilian as Caesar, AD 250-251
AR - Antoninianus, 3.59g
Rome, AD 250-251
obv. C VALENS HOSTIL.MES QVINTVS N C
Bust, draped and radiate, r.
rev. MARTI PROPVGNATORI
Mars in military cloak, helmeted and wearing boots, advancing r., holding shield in l. arm and in r. hand
transverse spear
ref. RIC IV/3, 177b; C. 15
Scarce, about EF
2 commentsJochen
hostilian-viminacium.jpg
Hostillian, as Caesar, AE27 of Viminacium, Moesia Superior, 250-251 AD24 viewsRoman Provincial Hostillian, as Caesar, AE27 of Viminacium, Moesia Superior, (250-251 AD), 12.0g, 27mm

Obverse: C VAL HOST M QUINTVS CAE, Bare-headed, cuirassed bust right, paludamentum visible from rear.

Reverse: PMS COL VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, hands outstretched over a bull and a lion, AN XII in ex.

Reference: Moushmov 54, Martin 4.01.14

Ex: Haik Ourfal
Gil-galad
HUN_Karoly_Huszar_495_Pohl_52-10.JPG
Huszár 495, Pohl 52-10, Unger 393i, Réthy II 1878 viewsHungary. Charles Robert (Károly Róbert, in Hun.) (1307-1342). AR denar, 15 mm.

Obv: REGIS • KAROLI, Crowned half-length portrait facing with scepter and imperial orb

Rev: + • M • REGIS • hVNGARIE, Shield with Árpádian stripes and Anjevin lilies, m-m to left and right.

Issued in 1338 (per Pohl, Huszár and Unger) with a nominal weight of 0.6687 g. (per Pohl). This privy mark was issued in Felsőbánya, known as Mons Medium in the Middle Ages (now Baia-Sprie, Romania) by Martinus (Forsinych?) (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 5.
Stkp
HUN_Karoly_Huszar_497_Pohl_54-3.JPG
Huszár 497, Pohl 54-3, Unger 394n, RĂ©thy II 1577 viewsHungary. Charles Robert (Károly Róbert, in Hun.) (1307-1342). AR denar, 15 mm.

Obv: King enthroned with scepter and imperial orb.

Rev: + • M • REGIS • hVNGARIE, Ostrich-head on horseshoe, lilies (privy mark) above and below to sides.

Issued in 1339-1342 (per Pohl, Huszár and Unger) in Szomolnok (now Schmolnik, Slovakia), probably by Forsinich [?] Martinus, with a nominal weight of 0.6978 g. (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 4. The references differ slightly with respect to the placement of pellets on the reverse. This is an unrecorded variation, with pellets between the cross and the M and also between the S and the h.
Stkp
lg2_quart_sm.jpg
IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG / P M S COL VIM / Ӕ30 (239-240 AD)18 viewsIMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right / P M S CO - L VIM, personification of Moesia standing facing, head left, arms outstretched over a lion (right) and a bull (left). AN • I • in exergue.

Ӕ, 29-30+mm, 16.75g, die axis 1h (slightly turned medal alignment), material: looks like red copper.

IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG = Imperator Caesar Marcus Antonius Gordianus Augustus, P M S COL VIM = Provinciae Moesiae Superioris Colonia Viminacium = Colony of Viminacium, in the province of Upper Moesia, AN•I• = the first year. 238 AD was the infamous "year of the 6 emperors", so 239-240 was the first sole ruling year of Gordian III. The bull is the symbol of Legio VII Claudia, based in the capital of Moesia Superior, Viminacium itself, and the lion is the symbol of Legio IV Flavia Felix based in another city of Moesia Superior, Singidunum (modern Belgrade). Due to size this is most probably a sestertius, but large dupondius is another possibility, since it is clearly made of red copper and sestertii were typically made of expensive "gold-like" orichalcum, a kind of brass (but in this time of civil strife they could have used a cheaper replacement). Literature fails to clearly identify the denomination of this type.

A straightforward ID due to size and clear legends, this is AMNG 71; Martin 1.01.1 minted in Viminacium, Moesia Superior (Kostolac, Serbia).

Gordian III was Roman Emperor from 238 AD to 244 AD. At the age of 13, he became the youngest sole legal Roman emperor throughout the existence of the united Roman Empire. Gordian was the son of Antonia Gordiana and an unnamed Roman Senator who died before 238. Antonia Gordiana was the daughter of Emperor Gordian I and younger sister of Emperor Gordian II. Very little is known of his early life before his acclamation. Gordian had assumed the name of his maternal grandfather in 238 AD.

In 235, following the murder of Emperor Alexander Severus, Maximinus Thrax was acclaimed Emperor. In the following years, there was a growing opposition against Maximinus in the Roman senate and amongst the majority of the population of Rome. In 238 (to become infamous as "the year of six emperors") a rebellion broke out in the Africa Province, where Gordian's grandfather and uncle, Gordian I and II, were proclaimed joint emperors. This revolt was suppressed within a month by Cappellianus, governor of Numidia and a loyal supporter of Maximinus Thrax. The elder Gordians died, but public opinion cherished their memory as peace-loving and literate men, victims of Maximinus' oppression.

Meanwhile, Maximinus was on the verge of marching on Rome and the Senate elected Pupienus and Balbinus as joint emperors. These senators were not popular and the population of Rome was still shocked by the elder Gordians' fate, so the Senate decided to take the teenage Gordian, rename him Marcus Antonius Gordianus like his grandfather, and raise him to the rank of Caesar and imperial heir. Pupienus and Balbinus defeated Maximinus, mainly due to the defection of several legions, particularly the II Parthica, who assassinated Maximinus. However, their joint reign was doomed from the start with popular riots, military discontent and an enormous fire that consumed Rome in June 238. On July 29, Pupienus and Balbinus were killed by the Praetorian Guard and Gordian proclaimed sole emperor.

Due to Gordian's age, the imperial government was surrendered to the aristocratic families, who controlled the affairs of Rome through the Senate. In 240, Sabinianus revolted in the African province, but the situation was quickly brought under control. In 241, Gordian was married to Furia Sabinia Tranquillina, daughter of the newly appointed praetorian prefect, Timesitheus. As chief of the Praetorian Guard and father in law of the Emperor, Timesitheus quickly became the de facto ruler of the Roman Empire.

In the 3rd century, the Roman frontiers weakened against the Germanic tribes across the Rhine and Danube, and the Sassanid Empire across the Euphrates increased its own attacks. When the Persians under Shapur I invaded Mesopotamia, the young emperor opened the doors of the Temple of Janus for the last time in Roman history, and sent a large army to the East. The Sassanids were driven back over the Euphrates and defeated in the Battle of Resaena (243). The campaign was a success and Gordian, who had joined the army, was planning an invasion of the enemy's territory, when his father-in-law died in unclear circumstances. Without Timesitheus, the campaign, and the Emperor's security, were at risk.

Gaius Julius Priscus and, later on, his own brother Marcus Julius Philippus, also known as Philip the Arab, stepped in at this moment as the new Praetorian Prefects and the campaign proceeded. Around February 244, the Persians fought back fiercely to halt the Roman advance to Ctesiphon. Persian sources claim that a battle occurred (Battle of Misiche) near modern Fallujah (Iraq) and resulted in a major Roman defeat and the death of Gordian III. Roman sources do not mention this battle and suggest that Gordian died far away from Misiche, at Zaitha (Qalat es Salihiyah) in northern Mesopotamia. Modern scholarship does not unanimously accept this course of the events. One view holds that Gordian died at Zaitha, murdered by his frustrated army, while the role of Philip is unknown. Other scholars have concluded that Gordian died in battle against the Sassanids.
Philip transferred the body of the deceased emperor to Rome and arranged for his deification. Gordian's youth and good nature, along with the deaths of his grandfather and uncle and his own tragic fate at the hands of the enemy, earned him the lasting esteem of the Romans.
Yurii P
Gupta_Empire,_Samudragupta,_Gold_Dinar,_7_9g,_Standard_Type.jpg
INDIA, Gupta Empire - Samudragupta65 viewsGupta Empire, Samudragupta, Gold Dinar, 7.9g, Standard or Sceptre Type

Obv: King, nimbate and wearing fine ornaments, standing facing left and sacrificing at fire altar, holding the royal sceptre (rājadanda) in left hand, Garuda-dhwajja (standard) to the left, Brāhmī legend under left arm: Sa-mu-dra, circular sanskrit legend in Upagati metre inscribed in Brāhmī script around /Samarashatavitatavijayo Jitaripur Ajito Divam Jayati meaning (the emperor) who conquered all his enemies scoring victories in numerous battles wins heaven (thru his good deeds).

Rev: Lakshmi enthroned facing, holding cornucopia and diadem, both feet resting on a dotted cushion, tamgha to left and Brāhmī legend at right: Parākramah (Valour)

The Gupta period is considered the "Golden Age" of classical India. This was a time when great universities flourished in Nalanda and Taxila, and great writers such as the playwright Kalidasa and great scientists such as the mathematician and astronomer Aryabhatta, who is credited with the concept of zero among his many achievements, helped create an atmosphere of tremendous creative impulse. Gupta art is regarded as the high point of classical Indian art, and the coinage is equally regarded as among the most beautiful of ancient India.

Samudra Gupta was a prolific coin issuer and issued seven different types of Gold coins viz. the standard type, archer type, the battle axe (Parashu) type, tiger slayer type, Ashwamedha type, the King-Queen type and the ‘Lyrist’ (Veena player) type. While the archer, battle axe and tiger slayer type's showcase his martial achievements, unique amongst Indian Numismatics (and perhaps the World) is the Lyrist type that exhibits his softer and gentler side.

The standard type coin of Samudragupta is undoubtedly one of the first Gupta coins as it shows a close similarity to the 'standing-king-offering-sacrifice-at-fire-altar' type Kushan coins. The Gold coin of the Kushan ruler, Shaka, might be the actual prototype, as he was mentioned in Samudragupta's Allahabad inscription and must have been his contemporary.
mitresh
Ionia_Miletos_SNG-Cop1713.jpg
Ionia, Miletos5 viewsIonia, Miletos. 225-190 BC. AR Drachm (2.41 gm). Laureate head of Apollo r. / Lion stdg. l., head turned to r., looking back. Star above, IM monogram and IΣ to l., BIΩN (magistrate) below exergual line. nVF.  SNG Cop 982; BMC 116; cf. Deppert-Lippitz 678; Kinns Ch 8, 474: Milesian Silver Coinage in the Second Century BC, in: Ashton/Hurter (Hrsgg.), Studies in Greek Numismatics in Memory of Martin Jessop Price, London 1998 #476.
Miletos was one of the most important Greek cities of Asia Minor.
Christian T
iraq_1932_200-fils_dr-martin_obv_04_rev_04.JPG
Iraq 1932 - Riyal (200 Fils)22 views~
~~
Iraq 1932 - 200 Fils - King Faisal I
~~
20.0 grams - .500 fine silver - .3215oz Actual Silver Weight
~~
Edge Lettering: repeating design and the number, in Arabic '200' for the denomination, 200 fils.
~
rexesq
iraq_1932_200-fils_dr-martin_obv_02_rev_01.JPG
Iraq 1932 - Riyal (200 Fils)22 views~
~~
Iraq 1932 - 200 Fils - King Faisal I
~~
20.0 grams - .500 fine silver - .3215oz Actual Silver Weight
~~
Edge Lettering: repeating design and the number, in Arabic '200' for the denomination, 200 fils.
~
rexesq
iraq_1932_200-fils_dr-martin_rev_05.JPG
Iraq 1932 - Riyal (200 Fils)26 views~
~~
Iraq 1932 - 200 Fils - King Faisal I
~~
20.0 grams - .500 fine silver - .3215oz Actual Silver Weight
~~
Edge Lettering: repeating stylized design followed by the number, in Arabic '200' for the denomination, 200 fils, and it repeats several times.
~
rexesq
rjb_car_irreg.jpg
Irregular uncertain29 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv “IMP C CARAVSIVS AVG”
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev “[MARTI?] PACI”
Figure standing left
Irregular mint
C/F//

mauseus
Antoninus_Pius_Column_Base.JPG
Italy, Rome, Column of Antoninus Pius, Cortile della Pigna, Vatican Museums36 viewsAbove are the four sides of the base of the Column of Antoninus Pius (Columna Antonini Pii) which was erected in the Campus Martius in memory of Antoninus Pius by Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus c.A.D.158 on the twentieth anniversary of his reign. Constructed of red granite, the column was 14.75 metres high and 1.90m in diameter, unlike the otherwise similar column of Trajan it had no decorating reliefs. The masons' inscription shows that it was quarried out in A.D.106 and architecturally it belonged to the Ustrinum which was 25m north of it on the same orientation. It was surmounted by a statue of Antoninus Pius. Previous to the 18th century the base was completely buried, but the lower part of the shaft projected about 6m above the ground. In 1703, when some buildings were demolished in the area of Montecitorio, the rest of the column and the base were discovered and excavated. The base still survives and is now housed in the Cortile della Pigna in the Vatican Museums.*Alex
IMG_3146wp.jpg
Italy, Rome, Temple of Venus Genetrix145 viewschurch of Santi Luca e Martina; curia; arch of Septimius Severus
... I think so many different types of building in the one picture you can find only in Rome.
Johny SYSEL
Italy- Rome- Largo (di Torre) Argentina.jpg
Italy- Rome- Largo (di Torre) Argentina47 viewsLargo di Torre Argentina is a square in Rome that hosts four Republican Roman temples, and the reminings of Pompey's Theater. It is located in the ancient Campus Martius.

Common knowledge refers the name of the square to a Torre Argentina, which is not related to the South American country, but to the city of Strasbourg, whose original name was Argentoratum. In 1503, in fact, John Burckhardt from Strasbourg built in via del Sudario a palace (now at number 44), Casa del Bucardo, annexing a tower, called Torre Argentoratina from the name of his hometown.

After Italian unification, it was decided to reconstruct part of Rome (1909), demolishing the zone of Torre Argentina, where the remainings of a medieval tower, Torre Papito or Torre Boccamazzi, and of one temple were to be included in the new buildings. During the works (1927), however, the colossal head and arms of a marble statue were discovered. The archeological investigation brought to light the presence of a holy area, dating to the Republican era, with four temples and part of Pompey's Theater.

The buildings
The four temples, designated today by the letters A, B, C, and D, front onto a paved street, which was reconstructed in the imperial era, after 80 AD fire.

Temple A was built in the 3rd century BC, and is probably the Temple of Juturna built by Gaius Lutatius Catulus after his victory against Carthaginians in 241 BC. It was later rebuilt into a church, whoes aprses are still present.

Temple B, a circular temple with six columns remaining, was built by Quintus Lutatius Catulus in 101 BC to celebrate his victory over Cimbri; it was Aedes Fortunae Huiusce Diei, a temple devoted to the Luck of the Current Day. The colossal statue found during excavations and now kept in the Capitoline Museums was the statue of the goddess herself. Only the head, the arms, and the legs were of marble: the other parts, covered by the dress, were of bronze.

Temple C is the most ancient of the three, dating back to 4th or 3rd century BC, and was probably devoted to Feronia the ancient Italic goddess of fertility. After the fire of 80 AD, this temple was restored, and the white and black mosaic of the inner temple cell dates back to this restoration.

Temple D is the largest of the four, dates back to 2nd century BC with Late Republican restorations, and was devoted to Lares Permarini, but only a small part of it has been excavated (a street covers the most of it).

Teatro Argentina is a 18th century theater, where Gioachino Rossini's The Barber of Seville debuted in 1816, as well as Giuseppe Verdi's I due Foscari (1844) and La battaglia di Legnano (1849).

Located in the Largo Argentina is the Torre Argentina Cat Sanctuary, a no-kill shelter for homeless cats (of which Rome has many). The presence of the shelter proves to be a point of interest for both tourists and locals, as the historical area abounds with various breeds of cat, cavorting and lounging about on the ancient (and semi-ancient) ruins.
John Schou
Italy- Rome- The Arch of Constantine The Great.jpg
Italy- Rome- The Arch of Constantine The Great71 viewsArch of Constantine
The Arch of Constantine is a triumphal arch in Rome, situated between the Colosseum and the Palatine Hill. It was erected to commemorate Constantine's victory over Maxentius at the Battle of Milvian Bridge on October 28, 312 AD. Dedicated in 315 AD, it is the latest of the extant triumphal arches in Rome, from which it differs by the extensive re-use of parts of earlier buildings.

General Description
The arch is 21 m high, 25.7 m wide and 7.4 m deep. It has three archways, the central one being 11.5 m high and 6.5 m wide, the lateral archways 7.4 m by 3.4 m each. The lower part of the monument is built of marble blocks, the top (called attic) is brickwork revetted with marble. A staircase formed in the thickness of the arch is entered from a door at some height from the ground, in the end towards the Palatine Hill. The general design with a main part structured by detached columns and an attic with the main inscription above is modelled after the example of the Arch of Septimius Severus on the Forum Romanum. It has been suggested that the lower part of the arch is re-used from an older monument, probably from the times of the emperor Hadrian (Conforto et al., 2001; for a defence of the view that the whole arch was constructed in the 4th century, see Pensabene & Panella). The arch spans the Via Triumphalis, the way taken by the emperors when they entered the city in triumph. This route started at the Campus Martius, led through the Circus Maximus and around the Palatine Hill; immediately after the Arch of Constantine, the procession would turn left and march along the Via Sacra to the Forum Romanum and on to the Capitoline Hill, passing both the Arches of Titus and Septimius Severus. During the Middle Ages, the Arch of Constantine was incorporated into one of the family strongholds of ancient Rome. Works of restoration were first carried out in the 18th century; the last excavations have taken place in the late 1990s, just before the Great Jubilee of 2000.

Decoration
The decoration of the arch heavily uses parts of older monuments, which are given a new meaning in the context of the Constantinian building. As it celebrates the victory of Constantine, the new "historic" friezes illustrating his campaign in Italy convey the central meaning: the praise of the emperor, both in battle and in his civilian duties. The other imagery supports this purpose: decoration taken from the "golden times" of the Empire under Trajan, Hadrian and Marcus Aurelius places Constantine next to these "good emperors", and the content of the pieces evokes images of the victorious and pious ruler. Another explanation given for the re-use is the short time between the start of construction (late 312 at the earliest) and the dedication (summer 315), so the architects used existing artwork to make up for the lack of time to create new one. As yet another possible reason, it has often been suggested that the Romans of the 4th century lacked the artistic skill to produce acceptable artwork and therefore plundered the ancient buildings to adorn their contemporary monuments. This interpretation has become less prominent in more recent times, as the art of Late Antiquity has been appreciated in its own right. It is, of course, possible that a combination of two or all three of those explanations are correct, as they are not mutually exclusive.

Attic
Above the middle archway, the main inscription (see below) takes the most prominent place of the attic. It is identical on both sides of the arch. Flanking the inscription on both sides, there are pairs of relief panels above the minor archways, 8 in total. They were taken from an unknown monument erected in honour of Marcus Aurelius, and show (north side, left to right) the emperor's return to Rome after the campaign (adventus), the emperor leaving the city and saluted by a personification of the Via Flaminia, the emperor distributing money among the people (largitio), the emperor interrogating a German prisoner, (south side, left to right) a captured enemy chieftain led before the emperor, a similar scene with other prisoners, the emperor speaking to the troops (adlocutio), and the emperor sacrificing pig, sheep and bull. Together with three panels now in the Capitoline Museum, the reliefs were probably taken from a triumphal monument commemorating Marcus Aurelius' war against the Sarmatians from 169 - 175, which ended with his triumphant return in 176. On the largitio panel, the figure of Marcus Aurelius' son Commodus has been eradicated after the latter's damnatio memoriae. On top of each of the columns stand marble statues of Dacian prisoners from the times of Trajan, probably taken from the Forum of Trajan. From the same time date the two large (3 m high) panels decorating the attic on the small sides of the arch, showing scenes from the emperor's Dacian Wars. Together with the two reliefs on the inside of the central archway, they came from a large frieze celebrating the Dacian victory. The original place of this frieze was either the Forum of Trajan, as well, or the barracks of the emperor's horse guard on the Caelius.

Main Section
The general layout of the main facade is identical on both sides of the arch. It is divided by four columns of Corinthian order made of Numidian yellow marble (giallo antico), one of which has been transferred into the Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano and was replaced by a white marble column. The columns stand on bases showing victory figures on front, and captured barbarians and Roman soldiers on the sides. The spandrels of the main archway are decorated with reliefs depicting victory figures with trophies, those of the smaller archways show river gods. Column bases and spandrel reliefs are from the times of Constantine. Above each lateral archway are pairs of round reliefs dated to the times of emperor Hadrian. They display scenes of hunting and sacrificing: (north side, left to right) hunt of a boar, sacrifice to Apollo, hunt of a lion, sacrifice to Hercules, (south side, left to right) departure for the hunt, sacrifice to Silvanus, hunt of a bear, sacrifice to Diana. The head of the emperor (originally Hadrian) has been reworked in all medaillons: on the north side, into Constantine in the hunting scenes and into Licinius or Constantius I in the sacrifice scenes; on the south side, vice versa. The reliefs, c. 2 m in diameter, were framed in porphyry; this framing is only extant on the right side of the northern facade. Similar medaillons, this time of Constantinian origin, are placed on the small sides of the arch; on the eastern side, showing the Sun rising, and on the western side, the Moon, both on chariots. The main piece from the time of Constantine is the "historical" relief frieze running around the monument under the round panels, one strip above each lateral archway and at the small sides of the arch. These reliefs depict scenes from the Italian campaign of Constantine against Maxentius which was the reason for the construction of the monument. The frieze starts at the western side with the "Departure from Milan". It continues on the southern, "outward" looking face, with the siege of a city, probably Verona, which was of great importance to the war in Northern Italy; also on that face, the Battle of Milvian Bridge with Constantine's army victorious and the enemy drowning in the river Tiber. On the eastern side, Constantine and his army enter Rome; the artist here has avoided to use the imagery of the triumph, as Constantine probably did not want to be shown triumphant over the Eternal City. On the northern face, looking "towards" the city, two strips with the emperor's actions after taking possession of Rome: Constantine speaking to the citizens on the Forum Romanum, and distributing money to the people.

Inner Sides of the Archways
In the central archway, there is one of the large panels of Trajan's Dacian War on either wall. Inside the lateral archways, eight portraits busts (two on each wall), destroyed to such an extent that it is not possible to identify them any more.

Inscriptions
The main inscription reads:

IMP · CAES · FL · CONSTANTINO · MAXIMO · P · F · AVGUSTO · S · P · Q · R · QVOD · INSTINCTV · DIVINITATIS · MENTIS · MAGNITVDINE · CVM · EXERCITV · SVO · TAM · DE · TYRANNO · QVAM · DE · OMNI · EIVS · FACTIONE · VNO · TEMPORE · IVSTIS · REM-PUBLICAM · VLTVS · EST · ARMIS · ARCVM · TRIVMPHIS · INSIGNEM · DICAVIT

Which means in English:

To the Emperor Caesar Flavius Constantinus, the greatest, pious, and blessed Augustus: because he, inspired by the divine, and by the greatness of his mind, has delivered the state from the tyrant and all of his followers at the same time, with his army and just force of arms, the Senate and People of Rome have dedicated this arch, decorated with triumphs.

The words instinctu divinitatis ("inspired by the divine") have been much commented. They are usually read as sign of Constantine's shifting religious affiliation: The Christian tradition, most notably Lactantius and Eusebius of Caesarea, relate the story of a vision of the Christian god to Constantine during the campaign, and that he was victorious in the sign of the cross at the Milvian Bridge. The official documents (esp. coins) still prominently display the Sun God until 324 AD, while Constantine started to support the Christian church from 312 on. In this situation, the vague wording of the inscription can be seen as the attempt to please all possible readers, being deliberately ambiguous, and acceptable to both pagans and Christians. As was customary, the vanquished enemy is not mentioned by name, but only referred to as "the tyrant", drawing on the notion of the rightful killing of a tyrannical ruler; together with the image of the "just war", it serves as justification of Constantine's civil war against his co-emperor Maxentius.

Two short inscriptions on the inside of the central archway transport a similar message: Constantine came not as conqueror, but freed Rome from occupation:

LIBERATORI VRBIS (liberator of the city) - FUNDATORI QVIETIS (founder of peace)

Over each of the small archways, inscriptions read:

VOTIS X - VOTIS XX SIC X - SIC XX

They give a hint on the date of the arch: "Solemn vows for the 10th anniversary - for the 20th anniversary" and "as for the 10th, so for the 20th anniversary". Both refer to Constantine's decennalia, i.e. the 10th anniversary of his reign (counted from 306), which he celebrated in Rome in the summer of 315 AD. It can be assumed that the arch honouring his victory was inaugurated during his stay in the city.




John Schou
Trebonianus_Gallus_IVNO_MARTIALIS_tr12_b.jpg
IVNO MARTIALIS4 viewsTrebonianus Gallus antoninianus
Antiochia mint
Tibsi
Volusianus_b.jpg
IVNONI MARTIALI150 viewsVolusianus antoninianus
Rome mint
scarce
3 commentsTibsi
Volusianus_IVNONI_MARTIALI_vo5_b.jpg
IVNONI MARTIALI8 viewsVolusianus antoninianus
Tibsi
32692q00.jpg
Julia Domna, Pudicitia58 viewsSilver denarius

IVLIA (pellet) AVGVSTA,
draped bust right, loop at shoulder

PVDICITA,
Pudicitia enthroned left, veiled, right hand on breast, left elbow resting on arm of throne;

RIC IV 644, RSC III 168, BMCRE V 613 ff., SRCV II 6602,
3.249g, 18.4mm, 0o, Laodicea ad Mare mint, 198 - 202 A.D
Prov. Ex- Forvm Ancient Coins, Ex Martin Griffiths (maridvnvm)
4 commentsRobin Ayers
00julcesar.jpg
JULIUS CAESAR23 viewsAR denarius. Spain 46 BC. 3,50 grs. Diademed head of Venus left. Cupid and lituus before,sceptre behind / Gallia and a gaulish captive (Vercingtorix ?) seated beneath trophy. CAESAR in exergue.
Craw. 648/2. RSC 14.
Marti Herrera 66.Lot 146
benito
Caesar_Vercingetorix.jpg
Julius Caesar and Vercingetorix37 viewsTHE BATTLE OF ALESIA

Caesar describes this "battle"in his Commentaries on the war in Gaul in Book VII, “Chapters 63-90.”

The story begins in the winter of 54/53 BC when the Eburones attack and destroy the XIVth Legion. The Roman losses have been estimated to be as high as 9000 men. The atmosphere in Rome, at that time, is a politically complex and tense one for Caesar. He realizes he will not be reinforced. Before long, half of Gaul is in revolt; and for the first time individual Gallic tribes--the Senones, Parisii, Pictones, Cadurci, Turoni, Aulerci, Lemovices and Anndes--unite under the leadership of one man, Vercingetorix (Meier 317).

Vercingetorix is a charismatic, highly gifted and ambitious man. He detests the Romans but has carefully studied their tactics. Caesar, himself, comments that “in the exercise of his command Vercingetorix ‘added the utmost care to the utmost severity’” (Meier 318).

The contest between these two leaders is intriguing, and I am unable to do it justice within the confines of this thread. In his book, Caesar, Christian Meir writes not only with the authority of impressive scholarship; he carefully depicts, with the gift of a story teller, the decisions of these men.

Suffice it to say that Vercingetorix seeks temporary refuge with 80,000 men on the summit of a hill named Alesia. His position is “impregnable and impossible to take by storm” (Meier 323). Caesar sees his chance, and in an endeavor that is incredible by any standard, he builds a siege wall/trench that completely surrounds Vercingetorix’s stronghold. “The wall built by the Romans extended for fourteen kilometers, with twenty-three forts as strong points” (Meier 323).

Realizing his predicament, Vercingetorix calls for help. 250,000 Gauls march on Caesar; “the whole of Gaul was to show itself and be victorious” (Meier 324). Surrounded himself, Caesar orders his men to attempt the almost impossible: they must build another siege wall/trench that will surround their first feat of engineering. The Gauls attack Caesar on both sides, and the Romans now fight a battle on two “fronts.”

Caesar, in command of 60,000 men (10 legions or so) is seriously, numerically out numbered. And yet, because of Caesar’s ingenuity and courage; because his legions are superior warriors; perhaps, because Fortune (upon whom Caesar certainly counted) favored the brave (Virgil); and because of the Roman soldier’s other weapon—the shovel; Caesar won a stunning victory. “Few battles, says Plutarch, have been fought with such outstanding bravery and such a wealth of technical invention or ‘martial genius’” (Meier 327).

Works Cited

Meier, Christian. Caesar. London: Fontana Press: 1996.
Cleisthenes
AlbinusBrutus.jpg
Junius Brutus Albinus38 viewsHead of Pietas right

ALBINVS BRVTI F
Clasped hands holding winged caduceus

3.1g

Rome
48 BC

Sear 427; Crawford 450/2; Sydenham 942; RBW 1577

Decimus Junius Brutus was a distant relative of Marcus Brutus. He was known as one of Caesar's "most intamate associates" and a friend of Mark Antony. Albinus had served under Caesar in both the Gallic Wars and the Civil War. He participated in the siege of Massilia (Marseilles) that held out against Caesar for months. He also commanded a Caesarian fleet.

Plutarch considered Albinus "of no great courage," but Albinus was a faithful and loyal supporter of Caesar. He was to be Consul in 42 BC along with Lucius Plancus. While awaiting the consulship Albinus was to become Governor of Cisalpine Gaul when the post became available in the spring of 44BC

Albinus was approached by Cassius and Labeo to involve him in the conspiracy to murder Caesar. Albinus wanted to make sure Marcus Brutus was involved before agreeing to the plot. After meeting with Brutus he agreed. Both Brutus and Albinus received notification of a meeting of the Senate on March 15th and Albinus agreed to use an exhibition of his Gladiators after the meeting as protection in case things got out of hand after the murder had taken place. Caesar's retired legionaries were all around the city and none of the conspirators knew how they would react at Caesar's death.

At a dinner at the house of Marcus Lepidus on the night of March 14, 44BC Caesar was in attendence along with Decimus Brutus. Towards the end of the night Caesar's secretary approached for him to sign some letters. As he was signing Albinus posed a philosophical question to him: "What sort of death is best?" Caesar answered "A sudden one"

The next morning the Senate awaited Caesar to arrive. Caesr's wife Calpurnia and the auspeces warned Caesar not to attend the meeting. When Caesar delayed the conspirator's sent Albinus to Caesar's house. Albinus convinced Caesar to at least postpone the meeting in person. Antony was against this idea. Caesar was then murered by the conspirators in the Theater of Pompey in the Campus Martius, Albinus being a key player in the conspiracy.
2 commentsJay GT4
AntigonosIIGonatasE.jpg
KINGS of MACEDON, Antigonos II Gonatas 40 views277/6-239 BC, struck after 270 BC
AR Tetradrachm
31mm, 17.06 g
Amphipolis mint
Obverse: head of Pan in center of Macedonian shield, lagobolon over shoulder; shield decorated with stars within crescents
Reverse: BASILEWS ANTIGONOU, Athena Alkidemos walking left, brandishing thunderbolt and shield; helmet left, EMP monogram right
SNGCop 1200v, EMP ?
R. Martin, "A Third-Century B.C. Hoard from Thessaly at the ANS," ANSMN 26, 536 (same obv. die).
ex Demetrios Armounta Collection
2 commentsTIF
1458_Cossutius_Sabula.jpg
L. Cossutius C.f. Sabula - AR denarius8 viewsRome
˛72 BC
ą74 BC
winged head of Medusa left entwined with snakes
SABVLA
Bellerophon on Pegasus right, brandishing spear
XXVII
L·COSSVTI·C·F
ąCrawford 395/1, SRCV I 331, Sydenham 790, RSC I Cossutia 1
˛Mark Passehl - Roman moneyer & coin type chronology, 150 – 50 BC
ex Martí Hervera / Soler y Llach
Johny SYSEL
flac.jpg
L. Valerius Flaccus, (108 - 107 B.C.)120 viewsAR Denarius
O: Winged and draped bust of Victory right, X below chin.
R: LVALERI / FLACCI (downwards on left), Mars walking left, spear in right, trophy in left over shoulder, apex left, head of grain behind.
Rome
20.0mm
3.89g
SRCV I 183, Sydenham 565, Crawford 306/1, RSC I Valeria 11

Mars and the apex recall that the moneyer's father held the office of Flamen Martialis. Crawford concludes the office of moneyer may have been consider a career substitute for aedileship and the grain on the reverse advertises the moneyer would have distributed grain had he been elected Aedile. -- Roman Republican Coinage by Michael H. Crawford
5 commentsMat
licinius_t_f_stars.png
Licinius 6.03.00221 viewsLicinius
Obv IMP LICINIVS P F AVG
(R.laur.cuir)
Rev COMITI AAVVGG
(Sol holding whip in right hand, globe in left)
* | *
T | F
PLN in ex
London
Not in RIC LMCC 6.03.002 (RRR)
3.9g
All issues with the T*/F* bronze mark are very rare.
(CT plate coin)
(The 2017 Revue Numismatique (pages 249 - 261) contains an article about these T*/F* or SOTF (Stars over TF) coins. It lists 29 known examples and 6 have a COMITI AAVVGG reverse. 5 are of Constantine, and this one example is of Licinius. The other reverses represented by this bronze mark are GENIO POP ROM (16 known examples), MARTI CONSERVATORI (3 known examples) and SOLI INVICTO COMITI (3 known examples).)
Noviomagus
033~8.JPG
Limousin - Abbaye de St Martial de Limoges (1106-1160), France4 viewsDenier ou Bernardin argent, 0,99 g.
A/ SES MARCIAL, buste barbu de St Martial de face.
R/ + LEMOVICENSIS, croix cantonnée de deux points ŕ chaque cantons.
Réfs : Boudeau 392 ; Poey d'Avant 2298.
Gabalor
Livia_IVSTITIA.jpg
Livia Dupondius91 viewsIVSTITIA
Diad. and draped bust of Livia as Justitia right

TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVG P M TR POT XXIIII around large SC

Rome 22-23AD

12.61g

Sear 1739

Countermark on reverse NCAP?:
There are several interpretations of what this, the most interesting of all Julio-Caludian ctmk., means. The two most likely are:
1. Nero Ceasar Augustus Populi Romani
2. Nero Caesar Augustus Probavit
In the first instance it is a congiarium or public dole given by Nero to the people of Rome. In the second, it is a revalidation of the earlier coins of ones predecessors still in circulation.
Possible is also a later use, eg. by Nerva, or that no emperors name was part of the countermark, Countermark Martini Pangerl Collection 1; 20; 60 depending on subtype
2 commentsTitus Pullo
Livia_IVSTITIA~0.jpg
Livia dupondius with Nero Countermark119 viewsIVSTITIA
Diad. and draped bust of Livia as Justitia right

TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVG P M TR POT XXIIII around large SC

Rome 22-23AD

Sear 1739

Countermark on reverse NCAP:
There are several interpretations of what this, the most interesting of all Julio-Caludian ctmk., means. The two most likely are:
1. Nero Ceasar Augustus Populi Romani
2. Nero Caesar Augustus Probavit
In the first instance it is a congiarium or public dole given by Nero to the people of Rome. In the second, it is a revalidation of the earlier coins of ones predecessors still in circulation.
Possible is also a later use, eg. by Nerva, or that no emperors name was part of the countermark, Countermark Martini Pangerl Collection 1; 20; 60 depending on subtype
Titus Pullo
Jeton_1.jpg
Low Countries, silver jeton 1590: the capture of Breda73 viewsObverse: PARATI•VINCERE•AVT•MORI•+•NONAR•MARTII, Dutch soldiers leaving ship which is carrying peat
Reverse: BREDA•A•SERVITVTE•HISPANA•VINDICATA•DVCTV•PRINCIPIS•MAVRITII•A•NASS•Anno 1590

Minted in: Dordrecht

The Siege of Breda in 1590 was an extremely short battle during the Eighty Years' War during which a Dutch army led by Maurice of Nassau captured the heavily protected city of Breda by a clever tactic reminiscent of the Trojan horse. The Dutch commander was informed that a ship carrying peat to the city was never checked by the Spanish soldiers. Together with the ship's captain he thought of a plan which involved 70 Dutch soldiers hiding in the peat. The plan worked and the city was taken with an absolute minimum of casualties on the Dutch side.
RomaVictor
ar_raw_600.jpg
Lucania, Athena / lion135 viewsHelmeted head of Athena right
Lion crouching right

ex Dr. Martina Dieterle
6 commentsareich
LUNDY.jpg
LUNDY -- Martin Coles Harman18 viewsLUNDY -- Martin Coles Harman -- AE 1/2 Puffin, 1929. Obv.: Portrait of Martin Coles Harman left; MARTIN . COLES . HARMAN above, date below bust. Rev.: Upper half of Puffin birf facing left; LUNDY above, HALF PUFFIN below. Reference: KM #X-Tn1.

LUNDY -- Martin Coles Harman -- AE 1 Puffin, 1929. Obv.: Portrait of Martin Coles Harman left; MARTIN . COLES . HARMAN above, date below bust. Rev.: Puffin bird standing left; LUNDY . ONE . PUFFIN around. Reference: KM #X-Tn2.
dpaul7
124.jpg
M. Acilius M.f, Denarius21 viewsM. Acilius M.f, Denarius

RRC 255/1
130 b.c.

Av: Helmeted head of Roma right, M•ACILIVS•M•F• around within two dotted lines.
Rv: Hercules, holding trophy and club, in slow quadriga right; ROMA in exergue.

From Martina Dieterle, World Money Fair, Berlin, 03.02.2017 (as Ex Roma X1, 7.4.2016)
3 commentsNorbert
greek66.jpg
Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III Arrhidaios AR Drachm29 viewsSardes mint (323-318 BC).
Price P99 ? (Uncertain monogram in exergue).

Property of Princeton Economics acquired by Martin Armstrong. Ex Triton II (1 December 1998), lot 332; Numismatic Fine Arts XXV (29 November 1990), lot 85; Numismatic Fine Arts II (25 March 1976), lot 124.
Minos
1.jpg
MAGNA GRECIA, Metaponto, 420-400 a.C.43 viewsGrecia, Metaponto (Lucania), AE11 bronzo. (420-400 a.C.)
AE, 11-12 mm, gr. 1,06. B+
D/ Testa di Demetra, dea delle messi (Cerere), a dx
R/ META, spiga d'orzo
SNG Cop. 1261, SNG ANS 574
Nota: patina verde con punti rossi
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (13 dicembre 2007, numero catalogo 58), ex Martina Dieterle collection (Schenkenzell Germany, via Vauctions lotto 57856, fino al 2007).
paolo
Marcus_Antonius_CHORTIS_SPECVLATORVM.jpg
MARCUS ANTONIUS AR Legionary Denarius 28 viewsOBVERSE: ANT AVG III VIR R P C, Praetorian galley, thyrsos behind prow
REVERSE: CHORTIS SPECVLATORVM, three legionary standards
Patrae 32-31 BC
3.52g, 18.mm
Cr544/12; Syd 1214
ex. Marti Classical Numismatics
3 commentsLegatus
Marcus_Antonius_Leg_X.jpg
MARCUS ANTONIUS AR Legionary X Denarius 17 viewsOBVERSE: ANT AVG III VIR R P C, Praetorian galley, thyrsos behind prow
REVERSE: LEG X, legionary eagle between two standards
Patrae 32-31 BC
3.8g, 17mm
Cr 544/24; Sydenham 1228; RSC 38
ex. Marti Classical Numismatics
1 commentsLegatus
Marcus_Antonius_Leg_XIII_Lybicae.jpg
MARCUS ANTONIUS AR Legionary XVIII LYBICAE Denarius 13 viewsOBVERSE: ANT AVG III VIR R P C, Praetorian galley, thyrsos behind prow
REVERSE: LEG XVIII LYBICAE, legionary eagle between two standards
Patrae 32-31 BC
3.5g, 18mm
Cr544/11, Syd 1240
ex. Marti Classical Numismatics
1 commentsLegatus
ANTVESPcounter.jpg
Mark Antony Legionary denarius LEG X IMPVESP139 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
Galley r. mast with banners at prow
IMPVESP counter mark above galley

LEG X?
Legionary eagle between two standards IMPVESP countermark


Patrae mint 32-31BC

3.01g

Ex-Incitatus

Obverse countermarked IMPVESP during Vespasian's reign showing this denarius was in circulation for well over 100 years! In hand I can make out X for the legion number but can't be sure if any other numerals appear after it. This countermark appears mostly on late Republican and Imperatorial denarii, although denarii of Augustus and denarii of the Flavians struck at Ephesus are also recorded. The MP VES countermarks circulated specifically within the province of Asia Minor. Martini noted that the output of silver coinage in relation to the civic bronze for this region was much smaller during the Julio-Claudian period. This suggests the denarii were countermarked to validate locally circulating silver coinage at an acceptable weight while the regional mints opened by Vespasian were gearing up production, a theory which the countermarking of cistophori with the contemporary MP VES AVG countermarks seems to support. The similarly countermarked Flavian denarii struck at Ephesus can be accounted for then as examples accidentally countermarked by unobservant mint workers during the transition.



LEG X (later called Gemina) was levied in 59 BC or earlier by Julius Caesar. It was the first legion levied by him personally and was raised in Spain. It played a major role in the Gallic war featuring prominently in Caesar's "Gallic Wars." Legio X was his most trusted and loyal Legion. In 45 BC the Legion was disbanded and given land grants in Southern Gaul.

During the civil war that followed Caesar's assassination, Legio X was reconstituted by Lepidus in the winter of 44/43 BC making use of many retired legionaries who re-enlisted. It was eventually turned over to Antony and fought for him until the final Battle of Philippi. The veterans obtained lands near Cremona, and an inscription reports that the name of the legion at the time was Veneria, "devoted to Venus." This alluded to Julius Caesar's claimed descent from Venus.

The newly levied Tenth was then taken by Antony to Armenia for his Parthian campaign. During Antony's civil war, the legion fought for him until his defeat at the Battle of Actium, after which the legion changed sides and moved into Octavian's army. They were then taken to Egypt to finish off Antony and Cleopatra. Octavian never fully trusted the 10th Legion as it had been fiercely loyal to both Julius Caesar and Mark Antony. After Antony's death Octavian left the legion in the East in Syria. In 29 BC the legion was due to be discharged. When the legionaries pressed for their release and land grants Octavian was slow in complying. Suetonius says that the entire legion rioted and Octavian dishonorably discharged the entire legion.

Octavian now recruited new legionaries to fill the 10th Legion in its traditional recruiting grounds of Spain. Some of the senior Centurions may have re-enlisted for a third term to serve with the 10th. These men would have been in their late 40's or early 50's. The new legionaries marched over land to Syria to take up their posting. The new 10th Legion's home base was on the Euphrates to keep an eye on the Parthians.

The next discharge date would be 14-13 BC. This time the 10th Legion was settled in Beirut and the city was given Colony status. Ten years later the 10th Legion under Publius Quintilius Varus was marched down to Jerusalem to garrison the city after Herod the Great died. The 10th Legion would remain in Jerusalem until 6 AD.
5 commentsJay GT4
RI 066ag img~0.jpg
Mars (PROPVGNATORI)206 viewsCaracalla Denarius
Obv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate bust right
Rev:– MARTI PROPVGNATORI, Mars in military dress, hurrying left holding spear and trophy
Reference:– BMCRE 87. RIC 223. RSC 150.
maridvnvm
severus_alexander_160~0.jpg
Mars Pacifero204 viewsSeverus Alexander 222-235
AR - Denar, 3.12g, 20.5mm
Rome AD 222
obv. IMP CM AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG
draped, cuirassed bust, laureate head r.
rev. MARTI PACIFERO
Mars standing , head l., holding olive-branch and reversed spear
RIC IV/ 2, 160; BMCR 68; C.173
good VF

MARS PACIFER, Mars the Peace-bringer. Depicted with olive-branch and reversed spear as signs of peace. Reminds us of the old saying 'si vis pacem, para bellum (If you want peace, prepare war)'. The Corinthian helmet is borrowed from Greek art.
Jochen
rome_sestertius_ANACS-VF-20_rev_04_cut~0.JPG
MARS ULTOR144 viewsEmperor Severus Alexander. AD232. AE Sestertius. MARS ULTOR Reverse, cut.

obv: IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG - Laureate bust right, seen from front, draped and cuirassed.
rev: MARS VLTOR - Mars with spear and shield in the 'Ready-for-Action' position.
'S C' to either side of Mars.

22.3 grams
1 commentsrexesq
Gordianus_MARTI_PACIFERO_go5_b.jpg
MARTI PACIFERO17 viewsGordianus III. antoninianus
Antiochia mint
draped and cuirassed bust
rare
Tibsi
Trebonianus_Gallus_MARTI_PACIFERO_tr4_b2.jpg
MARTI PACIFERO6 viewsTrebonianus Gallus antoninianus
Antiochia mint
Tibsi
Gordianus_MARTI_PACIFERO_ff_b.jpg
MARTI PACIFERO19 viewsGordianus III. antoninianus
Antiochia mint
Obv.: GORIANVS... (instead of GORDIANVS...)
very rare
Tibsi
Trebonianus_Gallus_MARTI_PACIFERO_ab.jpg
MARTI PACIFERO20 viewsTrebonianus Gallus antoninianus
Rome mint
Tibsi
galli_marti.jpg
MARTI PACIFERO14 viewsGallienus, Billon antoninianus, Rome Mint, 264-266 A.D. 20x21 mm, 4.43 g. 
Obverse: Radiate head right. 
GALLIENVS AVG 
Reverse: Mars standing left, holding up an olive branch with his right hand, and a spear in his left arm, his left hand resting on a shield. 
MARTI PACIFERO. 
Reference: RCV (2005) 10288; RIC V 236; Göbl 0569a. Ex MoremothPodiceps
Gordianus_zb.jpg
MARTI PACIFERO50 viewsGordianus III. antoninianus
Antiochia mint
1 commentsTibsi
Probus_-_Mars_Pacif.jpg
Marti Pacifero53 viewsObv. PROBVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right,
Rev. MARTI PACIF, armoured and helmeted mars advancing left, holding olive twig in right, spear and shield in left, cape billowing behind, RQ{Gamma} in exergue,
Rome Mint, AD 282,
20 mm, 3,43 gr
Refs. RIC 177

Historia Augusta 16: "post haec Illyricum petiit. priusquam veniret, Raetias sic pacatas reliquit ut illic ne suspicionem quidem ullius terroris relinqueret. in Illyrico Sarmatos ceterasque gentes ita contudit ut prope sine bello cuncta reciperet quae illi diripuerant. tetendit deinde iter per Thracias atque omnes Geticos populos fama rerum territos et antiqui nominis potentia pressos aut in deditionem aut in amicitiam recepit. his gestis orientem petiit atque itinere potentissimo quodam latrone Palfuerio capto et interfecto omnem Isauriam liberavit, populis atque urbibus Romanis legibus restitutis. barbarorum, qui apud Isauros sunt, vel per terrorem vel urbanitatem loca ingressus est. (...) veteranis omnia illa quae anguste adeuntur loca privata donavit, addens ut eorum filii ab anno octavo decimo, mares dumtaxat, ad militiam mitterentur, ne latrocinare umquam discerent." - [20]causae occidendi eius haec fuerunt: primum quod numquam militem otiosum esse perpessus est, si quidem multa opera militari manu perfecit, dicens annonam gratuitam militem comedere non debere.

"After this he set out for Illyricum, but before going thither he left Raetia in so peaceful a state that there remained therein not even any suspicion of fear. In Illyricum he so crushed the Sarmatians and other tribes that almost without any war at all he got back all they had ravaged. He then directed his march through Thrace, and received in either surrender or friendship all the tribes of the Getae, rightened by the repute of his deeds and brought to submission by the power of his ancient fame. This done, he set out for the East, and while on his march he captured and killed a most powerful brigand, named Palfuerius, and so set free the whole of Isauria and restored the laws of Rome to the tribes and the cities. By fear or favour he entered the places held by the barbarians living among the Isaurians, (...) And so all those places which were difficult of access he gave to his veterans as their own private holdings, attaching thereto the condition that their children, that is, the males only, should be sent to the army at the age of eighteen, in order that they never might learn to be brigands." - "The causes of his murder were these: first of all, he never permitted a soldier to be idle, for he built many works by means of their labour, saying that a soldier should eat no bread that was not earned"
Syltorian
Gordianus_III_MARTI_PACIFERO_eu_b.jpg
MARTI PACIFERO27 viewsGordianus III. antoninianus
Antiochia mint
draped and cuirassed bust
very rare
Tibsi
Marti_Pacifero_Cldc.jpg
Marti Pacifero Cldc74 viewsObverse: IMPCAESMAVRSEVALEXANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, draped and cuirassed
Reverse: MARTIPA_CIFERO, SC left and right, low in field
Mars helmeted, in military dress, stranding front, head left, holding branch in right hand and vertical spear reversed in left.
bust variety of BMC 74-5 (front view), RIC 585
Weight, 19.80g; die axis, 12h.
2 commentsmix_val
Gallienus MARTI PACIFERO RIC 492var.jpg
MARTI PACIFERO RIC 492var56 viewsAnt, 21mm, 3.05g.

Obverse: GALLIENVS AVG, Radiate & cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: MARTI PACIFERO, Mars standing L holding branch & shield.

Mediolanum, RIC 492 var, Common.

Variant reverse: Mars is standing rather than walking. This reverse is recorded from Rome.
Robert_Brenchley
Gallienus MARTI PACIFERO RIC 236.jpg
MARTI PACIFERO RIC V/1 23683 viewsAnt, 18mm, 2.50g.

Obverse: GALLIENVS AVG, Radiate head R.

Reverse: MARTI PACIFERO, Mars standing L with branch, spear & shield.

Rome, RIC 236, Common.

A nice example of a clashed die, with the outline of the bust clearly visible on the reverse.
1 commentsRobert_Brenchley
Constantine_the_Great,_Follis,_Mars,_Scarce.JPG
MARTI PATRI PROPVGNATORI; RIC VI Trier 77611 viewsConstantine the Great, Follis, Mars.
Obverse: IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Reverse: MARTI PATRI PROPVGNATORI, Mars, naked but for chlamys, advancing right with transverse spear and shield
Minted in Trier. (S in left field, A in right field, PTR in exe.)
RIC VI Trier 776 (Rated scarce in RIC). ex Maridvnvm, photo credit MaridvnvmPodiceps
1549_LUTHER_Leaf_37.jpg
Martin Luther Wittenberg Bible Woodcut Leaf83 viewsDate: AD 1549, Wittenberg, H. Lufft, rare
Size: 12x7.5 inches

These are two woodblock prints with illuminated letters and depict passages from the book of Jeremiah. This superb leaf comes from: Biblia Das ist – Die gantze Heilige, Shrifft – Deudsch. Mart. Luther (Ubers), Wittenberg, H. Lufft, AD 1549.
This was printed about three years after his death and demonstrates his skills as he translated the Bible from Greek and Latin into German. Hans Lufft (1495–1584) was a German printer and publisher, commonly called "the Bible Printer," because in 1534 he printed at Wittenberg the first complete edition of Luther's Bible, in two quarto volumes with illuminations in gold and colors by Lucas Cranach. Lufft printed in the 40 years following more than 100,000 copies of the German Bible. He also printed most of the other works of Luther.
1 commentsNoah
037-Martin_V.jpg
Martin V, Gros9 viewsPotator II
031-Martin_V.jpg
Martin V, Gros10 viewsPotator II
08_Martin_Van_Buren_Peace_Medal.jpg
Martin Van Buren, 1837 Indian Peace Medal23 viewsObv: MARTIN VAN BUREN, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, draped bust of Martin Van Buren (8th President) facing right, A.D. 1837 below.

Rev: PEACE AND FRIENDSHIP, two clasped hands, crossed peace pipe and tomahawk above.

Engravers: Mortiz Furst (obverse), John Reich (reverse)

Mint: Philadelphia, Date: 1837 (20th Century Restrike), Bronze, Diameter: 76 mm
Matt Inglima
MARTINA-1.jpg
Martina, wife and niece of Heraclius, 610-641 CE.174 viewsĆ Follis (25.4 mm). Nicomedia mint.
Obv: Heraclius center, Heraclius Constantine r., & Empress Martina l., stg. facing.
Rev: Large M; to l., monogram; above, ANNO & cross; to right, regnal year XS (16); beneath, officina number B; in exergue, NIKO.
Berk 560, DOC 165v (unlisted officina), Sear 836.
EmpressCollector
083g.jpg
Martinian AE Follis60 viewsRIC VII 16 Cyzicus, VAGI 3037
20.5 mm, 2.99 gm
IM C S MAR MARTINIANVS P F AVS
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
IOVI CONSERVATORI
Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe in right hand & sceptre in left; to left, eagle standing left, head right with wreath in beak; to right, bound captive seated right.
Rev. R. field: X / IIΓ
Exergue: SMKA
R4

Ex: Mike Vosper Coins (05/2015); Naville Numismatics Live Auction 9 Lot 336 (09/2014); Naville Numismatics Live Auction 2 Lot 167 (09/2013); Harlan J. Berk (2005); FORVM (2003)

Mark Z
maxentius.jpg
Maxentius, AE Follis.49 viewsIMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG, Laureate head right

AETERNITAS AVG N, the Dioscuri facing one another, nude but for chalmys hanging off shoulder, holding horses to center & spears to outside.

MOSTP (Prima Officina.)
RIC 35 of Ostia.


Very strong double strike on both sides, particularly the reverse.

ex-Martin Griffiths collection.

3 commentsGaiusCaligula
Maximian RIC 12b.jpg
Maximian - follis RIC 12b25 viewsFollis, RIC 12b, 8.03g; minted in Cyzicus, 297-299 A.D.; obverse: IMP CMA MAXIMIMANVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left pouring libation from patera & holding cornucopiae, Ke in ex.

Notes: Ex Martin Griffiths (Maridvnvm) collection.
Priscian
maximianus_marti~0.png
Maximianus 5.03.01118 viewsMaximian Herculius
Obv D N MAXIMIANO PFS AVG
(R. laur cuir)
Rev MARTI PATRI CONSERVATORI
(Mars, helmeted, standing r, right hand leaning spear, left on shield)
PLN in ex
London
Not in RIC LMCC 5.03.011 (RR)
5.8g
Noviomagus
MazaeusStater.jpg
Mazaios, Satrap of Cilicia AR Stater259 viewsCILICIA, Tarsos. Mazaios. Satrap of Cilicia, 361/0-334 BC., 10.78g. AR Stater
O: Baaltars seated left, head and torso facing, holding eagle, grain ear, and grape bunch in extended right hand, lotus-tipped scepter in left; TN (in Aramaic) to left, M (in Aramaic) below throne, B’LTRZ ("Baal of Tarsos" or "Baaltars" in Aramaic) to right
R: Lion attacking bull left; MZDY (Mazaeus in Aramaic) above, monogram below.
- Casabonne Series 2, Group C; SNG France –; SNG Levante 106.

The obverse of this coin depicts the Baal of Tarsos.

"Baal" is a Semitic word for "Lord" or "God." The symbols of an eagle, wheat stalk, grapes, and a scepter may represent Baal’s capacity as a god involved in the seasonal cycles of life and death.

The reverse features a lion-and-bull motif as did earlier Anatolian coins of Kroisos/Croesus. But here, on the reverse, the full bodies of both lion and bull are shown, and the lion is ferociously jumping on the back of the bull, who's kneeling.

If you assume that a kneeling bull (without a lion) on the scores of later Greek and Roman coins is symbolic of Zeus, a position that Marvin Tameanko has persuasively argued for (Celator, Jan. 1995, pp. 6-11), and that the lion is symbolic of the supreme god, or Baal, of the Celicians, the symbolism of this coin, may be direct and simple: Our god is more powerful than your god.

The Baal obverse of Mazaios' coinage may have been used as the model for the Zeus reverse of Alexander the Great's huge output of silver coinage, though Martin Price believed that both coinages were based on similar models. Price did feel, however, that the celator who engraved the latter Mazaios staters also engraved Alexander III's Tarsos tetradrachms.

Mazaios (also referred to as "Mazaeus" and "Mazday") was the Persian satrap of Celicia beginning c. 361 BC, then the satrap of both Celicia and the larger territory of Transeuphratesia/Transeuphrates (Syria and Palestine, also known as Abar Nahara) beginning c. 345 BC.

Mazaios fought Alexander the Great at the Battle of Gaugamela in 331 BC. After this loss, he fled to Babylon. With the Great King Darius III of Persia also fleeing Alexander's army, Mazaios was the person who surrendered the capital of the Persian Empire, Babylon, to Alexander later in 331 BC, which prevented the sack of the city. For doing this without a fight, Alexander appointed him governor of Babylon, which at the time was the world's largest city. Mazaios died in 328 BC.
10 commentsNemonater
Screenshot_2018-12-26_11_14_30.png
Medieval France, St Martin, Anonymous, Billon Denier.11 viewsTouraine 1150-1200 A.D. 1.05g - 19.6mm, Axis 6h.

Obv: + TVRONVS CIVIS - Cross pattée.

Rev: + SCS MARTINVS - Castle Tournois.

Boudea 185, Duplessy 412, Legros 796.
2 commentsChristian Scarlioli
Tacitus_11.jpg
MER RIC 336716 viewsMint: Ticinum Issue 1
Datation: November – December 275
Denomination: Aureliani
Titulature: IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG
Bust: Bust right, radiate, cuirassed, with left sleeve raised
Legend: MARTI PACIF
Reverse: Mars in military dress walking l., holding olive branch in r. hand, transverse spear and long oval shield in l. hand.
Reverse Mark: –/–//S
Tacitus
Tacitus_23.jpg
MER RIC 383412 viewsDatation: early – June 276
Issue: 5
Denomination: Aureliani
Titulature: IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG Bust: D1
Legend: MARTI PACIF
Reverse Mark: V/–//–
Reverse: Mars 1c

Tacitus
rep_lep_pan.jpg
Mn. Aemilius Lepidus, 114 - 113 BC98 viewsSilver denarius, SRCV I 168, (Crawford 291/1); Rome mint, weight 3.6g, max. diameter 19.07mm, 114 - 113 B.C.; Obv. laureate, diademed, and draped bust of Roma right, ROMA (MA ligate) before, XVI ligature behind; Rev. MN·AEMILIO (MN in monogram), horseman holding vertical spear (equestrian statue) right, on triple-arch containing L-E-P. Attractive toning.

Ex. Roma Numismatics
Ex. Andrew McCabe

Historical background Courtesy;

Forvm Ancient Coins,
The triple-arch probably represents the Aqua Marcia, an aqueduct begun by M. Aemilius Lepidus and M. Fulvius Nobilior as Censors in 179 B.C.

Andrew McCabe,
Northumberland Smyth 1856:
This type is of interest, since it commemorates the construction of the celebrated Aemilian bridge by Manius Aemilius Lepidus, to whom a statue was erected, and who replaced the wooden bridge of Ancus Martius over the Tiber by a stone one. The arched neck of the horse is classic


6 commentsSteve E
VIM_Hostilianus_AE-27-Ses_C-VAI-HOST-M-OVINTVS-CAE_PM-S-C-OL-VI_AN_XII_P-150_PM-04-03-05_Q-001_1h_27mm_13,45g-s.jpg
Moesia, Viminacium, 082 Hostilianus (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), PM 04-03-05var., -/-//AN XII, AE-Sestertius, #0194 viewsMoesia, Viminacium, 082 Hostilianus (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), PM 04-03-05var., -/-//AN XII, AE-Sestertius, #01
avers:- C-VAI-HOST-M-OVINTVS-CAE (not listed Legend var.), bare headed, draped, cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PM-S-C-OL-VI, Moesia standing facing, head left, right hand holding branch and the left hand holding globe.
exergo: -/-//AN XII, diameter: 27mm, weight: 13,45g, axis: 1h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 250-251 A.D., ref: Pick-150var, PM-4-03-05var (OVINTVS not in Pick-Martin !), Mus-,
Q-001
quadrans
1257~0.jpg
MPR 020 VAR. MARTI PACIFERO (UNLISTED IN MPR WITH B BUST!!!) after cleaning13 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: MARTI PACIFERO
BUST TYPE: B = Radiate, cuirassed bust right
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//XXIΔ
WEIGHT 3.52g / AXIS: 6h / DIAMETER: 20-23 mm
RIC: unlisted with this reverse type
J.GUILLEMAIN, MONETAZIONE DI PROBO A ROMA (276-282 d.C.): unlisted !!!
S. ESTIOT / PH. GYSEN RN 2006: 1 ex. only cited
COLLECTION NO. 1257

Ex. S. Luethi collection

Note: extremely rare and desirable reverse type struck during Rome's first emmission.

This is only the second example of this type (with B bust) known to me (the other being cited by S.Estiot and Ph. Gysen in RN 2006).
Barnaba6
002.jpg
MPR 491 AEQVITI SERIES10 viewsOBVERSE: PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: MARTI PACIF
BUST TYPE: B (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//RQΓ
WEIGHT 4.36g / AXIS: 1h
RIC: 177
J.GUILLEMAIN, MONETAZIONE DI PROBO A ROMA (276-282 d.C.), 2009: 491 (102 EX.)
COLLECTION NO. 2
NOTE: THIS COIN IS PART OF CODED AEQVITI SERIES ("Q")
Barnaba6
OtacilSevera_Ant_RIC_126.jpg
Otacilla Severa - antoninianus RIC 12625 viewsOtacilia Severa, wife of Philip I. AR Antoninianus, minted in Rome, 244-246 AD; 4.24g; obv. M OTACIL SEVERA AVG, diademed, draped bust right on crescent; rev. CONCORDIA AVGG, Concordia seated left with patera & double cornucopiae. RIC 126.

Notes: Ex Martin Griffiths (Maridvnvm) collection.
1 commentsBartosz A
lg_colvimphil.jpg
Philip I (Augustus) Moesia Superior, Viminacium34 viewsPhilip I (Augustus)
Moesia Superior, Viminacium
AE 12.72g / 27.5mm / -
IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG - Laureated and draped bust right
PMS C-OL VIM - Moesia standing facing, her head left, between bull and lion (Emblems of the Roman legions VII and IV quartered in the province)
Exergue: ANVIIII (248 AD)
Ref: Pick 105; Pick-Martin 2'17'1; Moushmov 36; Sear'88 #2614
Scotvs Capitis
Kings_of_Macedon,_Poseidon,_AE22.JPG
Philip V and Perseus, Poseidon/ club and monograms17 viewsKINGS of MACEDON. Time of Philip V and Perseus. 187-168 BC, 22 mm, 6.75 g. Obverse: Diademed head of Poseidon right. Reverse: MAKEDONWN; club and monograms in oak wreath SNG Copenhagen 1296. ex Dr. Martina Dieterle and areich, photo credit areichPodiceps
PinariusNatta_AE_As_Janus_Prow_32mm_20.6g_Dieterle_NM07E40_lr.jpg
Pinarius Natta, As, 155 BC, Janus head / Prow35 views32mm, 20.6g

ex Dr. Martina Dieterle (Numismata 2007)
areich
Illustrious_Predecessor_HT_33.JPG
Political/Satirical: Executive Experiment11 viewsObv: EXECUTIVE EXPERIMENT • 1837 • FISCAL AGENT, a tortoise carrying a money box inscribed, SUB TREASURY.

Rev: I FOLLOW IN THE STEPS OF MY ILLUSTRIOUS PREDECESSOR, a jackass running left.

Note: The target of this coin was Martin Van Buren, the Vice President under Andrew Jackson, who was, by this time, President in his own right. His detractors slammed him for continuing his predecessor's fiscal policies that were driving high inflation and financial turmoil. The image of the jackass is an allusion to Jackson.

Date: 1837

HT 33
Matt Inglima
probusmarti.jpg
PROBUS21 views AE antoninianus. Ticinum 282 AD. 3,87 grs. Radiate helmeted cuirassed bust right with spear and shield. VIRTVS PROBI AVG / Mars walking left,holding olive-branch, spear and shield. MARTI PACIF. I in left field ( from the coded Equiti series ),star on right. QXXI in exergue.
RIC 509. Cohen 258.




benito
probusmarti~0.jpg
PROBUS17 viewsAE antoninianus. Ticinum 282 AD. 3,87 grs. Radiate helmeted cuirassed bust right with spear and shield. VIRTVS PROBI AVG / Mars walking left,holding olive-branch, spear and shield. MARTI PACIF. I in left field ( from the coded Equiti series ),star on right. QXXI in exergue.
RIC 509. Cohen 258.

benito
00437q00.jpg
Probus14 viewsAE-Antoninianus
IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG; Radiate bust right in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle.
SOLI INVICTO; Sol in spread quadriga, right hand raised, holding globe in left.
Ex: KAA
Serdica
RIC 862var.
Note: Ex. Martin Griffiths's Probus Collection
Julianus of Pannonia
00534q00.jpg
Probus10 viewsAE-Antoninianus
IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG; Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
MARTI VICTORI AVG; Mars standing left, holding laurel-branch and spear; to left behind him, shield.
Ex: II
Lugdunum
RIC 88
Julianus of Pannonia
121D7227-BA57-4E09-BB65-3439B8BE62EF.jpeg
Probus7 viewsEQVITI Series II of Ticinum, I, QXXI.
Silvered antoninianus, Choice aEF, 4th officina, Ticinum mint, ; obverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG , radiate, helmeted and cuirassed bust left, spear across shoulder in right, shield on left; reverse MARTI PACIF, Mars advancing left, holding olive-branch, shield and spear, I left, QXXI in ex; sharp strike with full circles centering, much silver remaining; Ticinum mint EQVITI series II - The letter `I` in the reverse field is the fourth letter of the codeword EQVITI. The letter `Q` in the exergue indicates this coin was struck by the fourth officina (mint workshop). The letters of the word EQVITI are coded in the mintmarks of coins from all the officinae of the mint, with the specific letters of the codeword assigned to each officina in order corresponding with their officina numbers. This codeword probably refers to cavalry. It may be AEQVITI truncated because there were only six officinae in operation. RIC V 509.
simmurray
Probus_RIC_731.jpg
Probus - antoninianus RIC 73129 viewsProbus. Antoninianus, Siscia mint, 280 AD; 3.67g; obv. IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiate cuirassed bust right; rev. RESTITVT ORBIS, Victory standing right presenting wreath to emperor standing left, holding spear, II between, XXI in ex. RIC 731.

Ex Martin Griffiths (Maridvnvm) collection
Bartosz Awianowicz
probus.jpg
Probus - CONSERVAT AVG42 views22.8mm, 3.3g
Obv: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust left, holding eagle-tipped scepter, IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
Rev: CONSERVAT AVG, Sol standing right, head left, raising right hand, holding globe in left, XXIV in exergue

RIC 670 Bust Type H, Siscia mint, Alföldi type 27, n° 63 (Thanks Martin!)
1 commentsareich
probusmarti.jpg
Probus Antoninianus RIC 509, Ticinum. Antoninianus.(9th emission of Ticinum, 281 CE, 4th consulate.)11 viewsRIC 509, Ticinum. Antoninianus.
This coin is part of the EQVITI series of Ticinum.


OBV.: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left., holding spear and shield.

REV.: MARTI PACIF
Mars walking left, holding olive-branch, spear and shield.
Mintmark: In left field I // QXXI

EQVITI

(9th emission of Ticinum, 281 CE, 4th consulate.)
Britanikus
Probus_Marti_Pacif_Mars~0.JPG
Probus Marti Pacif Mars21 viewsOne of the few emperors to wear a radiate, crested helmet on their coins
Probus AE Antoninianus, Ticinum mint, 279 AD, 24mm, 3.74g, Officina 4 (QXXI)
OBV: VIRTVS PROBI AVG, His radiate crested helmeted cuirassed bust left
REV: MARTI PACIF, Mars advancing left holding spear, shield and olive branch
I left Star right, QXXI in exergue
Sear 3356, Van Meter 27, RIC 472, RCV 11993

SCARCE
Romanorvm
506~1.jpg
PROBUS RIC 472 AEQVIT SERIES RR14 viewsOBVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
REVERSE: MARTI PACIF
BUST TYPE: E1
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: V/-//QXXI
WEIGHT 4.81g / AXIS: 1h / WIDTH 21-24mm
RIC 472
COLLECTION NO. 506
THIS COIN IS PART OF THE EXTREMELY RARE CODED AEQVIT SERIES (PINK’S 7TH TICINUM EMMISSION) - LETTER "V"
Barnaba6
321po.jpg
PROBUS RIC 506 21 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: MARTI PACIF
BUST TYPE: H2
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: I/-//QXXI
WEIGHT 4.02g / AXIS: 11h / WIDTH 22-24mm
RIC: 506
COLLECTION NO. 485
THIS COIN IS PART OF THE CODED EQVITI SERIES ("I")
Barnaba6
1270.jpg
PROBUS RIC 5078 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: MARTI PACIF
BUST TYPE: H2 = Radiate bust left in consular robe, holding scipio
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: I/-//QXXI
WEIGHT 3.83g / AXIS: 12h / DIAMETER: 23-24mm
RIC: 507
COLLECTION NO. 1270
THIS COIN IS PART OF THE CODED EQVITI SERIES (first letter "I")
Barnaba6
324.jpg
PROBUS RIC 50817 views OBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: MARTI PACIF
BUST TYPE: H2
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: I/*//QXXI
WEIGHT 3.51g / AXIS: 6h
RIC: 508
COLLECTION NO. 239
THIS COIN IS PART OF THE CODED EQVITI SERIES ("I")
Barnaba6
936.jpg
PROBUS RIC 50813 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: MARTI PACIF
BUST TYPE: H2
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: I/-//QXXI
WEIGHT 4.20g / AXIS: 6h
RIC: 508
COLLECTION NO. 936
THIS COIN IS PART OF THE CODED EQVITI SERIES ("I")
Barnaba6
68.jpg
PROBUS RIC 50919 viewsOBVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI A_VG
REVERSE: MARTI PACIF
BUST TYPE: E1
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: I/*//QXXI
WEIGHT 3.76g / AXIS: 5h / WIDTH 21-22,5mm
RIC: 509
COLLECTION NO. 786
THIS COIN IS PART OF THE CODED EQVITI SERIES (FIRST LETTER "I")
Barnaba6
179~0.jpg
PROBUS RIC 50910 viewsOBVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
REVERSE: MARTI PACIF
BUST TYPE: E1
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: I/-//QXXI
WEIGHT 3.63g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 20mm
RIC: 509
COLLECTION NO. 179
THIS COIN IS PART OF THE CODED EQVITI SERIES ("I")
Barnaba6
1055.jpg
PROBUS RIC 51011 viewsOBVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI INVICTI AVG
REVERSE: MARTI PACIF
BUST TYPE: E1
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: I/-//QXXI
WEIGHT 3.33g / AXIS: 12h / DIAMETER 22-23mm
RIC: 510
COLLECTION NO. 1055
EX PH. GYSEN COLLECTION
RARE
THIS COIN IS PART OF THE EQVITI SERIES (SEE FIRST LETTER "I" IN LEFT FIELD)
Barnaba6
1303~0.jpg
PROBUS RIC 512 (MULE OF 9TH AND 10 TH EMMISSION) new photo5 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG CONS IIII
REVERSE: MARTI PACIF
BUST TYPE: H2 = Radiate bust left in consular robe, holding scipio
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: I/*//QXXI
WEIGHT 3.52g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH: 21-24 mm
RIC: 512
COLLECTION NO. 1303

Very rare and desirable consular obverse legend!

THIS COIN IS PART OF THE CODED EQVITI SERIES (see first letter "I" in left field).

This coin is an interesting mule between 9th emmission (consul IIII in obverse legend instead of consvl V) and 10 th emmission (with star in field)

Ex Ph. Gysen collection

THE ONLY SPECIMEN OF THIS EXACT (HYBRIDUAL) TYPE KNOWN TO ME. POSSIBLY UNIQUE !!!
Barnaba6
85.jpg
PROBUS RIC 512 RRR37 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG CONS IIII
REVERSE: MARTI PACIF
BUST TYPE: H2
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: I/-//QXXI
WEIGHT 3.73g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 23mm
RIC 512
COLLECTION NO. 824
THIS COIN IS PART OF THE CODED EQVITI SERIES (FIRST "I")
ONLY 3rd KNOWN SPECIMEN IN THE WORLD !!!
Barnaba6
611~0.jpg
PROBUS RIC 54119 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: MARTI PACIF
BUST TYPE: B
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: Δ/-//-
WEIGHT 4.12g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH: 20-22mm
RIC: 541
COLLECTION NO. 611
Barnaba6
388~1.jpg
PROBUS RIC 541 after cleaning9 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: MARTI PACIF
BUST TYPE: B
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//ΔXXI
WEIGHT 3.71g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 20-22mm
RIC 541
COLLECTION NO. 388
Barnaba6
47~4.jpg
PROBUS RIC 54210 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: MARTI PACIF
BUST TYPE: B
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//ΔXXI
WEIGHT 1.90g / AXIS: 6h / DIAMETER: 22mm
RIC: 542
COLLECTION NO. 1042
Barnaba6
1300~0.jpg
PROBUS RIC 542 VAR. SPECTACULAR BUST TYPE !!!22 viewsOBVERSE: IMP PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: MARTI PACIF
BUST TYPE: radiate, helmeted and cuirassed bust right, holding spear up in right hand and tropaion over left shoulder
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//ΔXXI
WEIGHT 3.33g / AXIS: 12h / DIAMETER: 21-22 mm
RIC: 542 VAR. (UNLISTED WITH THIS BUST TYPE)
COLLECTION NO. 1300

NOTE: Spectacular, extremely rare and desirable bust type struck only at Ticinum, only in 4th officina and only during 6th emmission! One of the most interesting bust types in the whole coinage of Probus!

Ex Ph. Gysen collection = ex Freeman & Sear auction, June 1998

Only 4th specimen of this type known to me (the other being Numismatica Ars Classica 78/1108 and 2 ex. In La Venera hoard)
Barnaba6
23~3.jpg
PROBUS RIC 54314 viewsOBVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
REVERSE: MARTI PACIF
BUST TYPE: F1 = radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//ΔXXI
WEIGHT 3.97g / AXIS: 6h / DIAMETER: 22mm
RIC: 543
COLLECTION NO.1162

NOTE: extremely rare. Only the second specimen in my Probus database (the other being from ebay auction held on 2016-02-21)

Ex M.Griffiths collection
Barnaba6
209.jpg
PROBUS RIC 54314 viewsOBVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
REVERSE: MARTI PACIF
BUST TYPE: E1
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//ΔXXI
WEIGHT 4.06g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH mm
RIC: 543
COLLECTION NO. 209
Barnaba6
20.jpg
PROBUS RIC 54416 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS AVG CONS III
REVERSE: MARTI PACIF
BUST TYPE: H2 = radiate bust left in consular robe, holding eagle-tipped sceptre (scipio)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//ΔXXI
WEIGHT 3.35g / AXIS: 6h / DIAMETER: 19-21mm
RIC: 544 (R2)
COLLECTION NO. 1146
Very rare
Virtually as struck with full silvering and mint luster!
Barnaba6
A_silvered_Antoninianus_of_Probus_.jpg
Probus Silvered Antoninianus.19 views IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

CONCORDIA MILITVM, Victory standing right holding palm, presenting wreath to emperor standing left, holding spear

Minted in Cyzicus (S / XXIMC) Emission 3, Officina 2, A.D. 280

RIC V Part 2 Probus 908 Bust type C.

Ex Martin Griffiths. Photo M Giffiths.

Strong Silvering.
GaiusCaligula
index_php.jpeg
Probus Stlyes Montage375 viewsmaridvnvm posted this on the discussion board July 17, 2006:

One of my specialist areas is Probus and I thought I would share a little montage that I have put together. We must remember that stylistic changes occur within a mint over the time of a single emperor as well as between mints and it is often necessary to become as familiar as we can with these style differences to be able to determine the correct mint placement for some coins.

Here are some Bust Type Cs (Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right (seen from the rear)) for arrange of mints under Probus including some examples from different periods of output from these mints where I have examples to show. I hope it is evident that there are marked differences to be seen between the mints but also within a single mint just for this short period of production. I have taken a random sample of coins and there are different styles notable between dies from the same period but they are all generally evident that they come from a particular mint at a particular period.

The output of Antioch and Tripolis are notably more crude and eccentric than the output of the other mints,

Similar stylistic differences can be seen for the other

Regards,
Martin
3 commentsJoe Sermarini
6247_6248-1.jpg
Probus, Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILIT, P, XXI10 viewsAE Antoninianus
Probus
Augustus: 276 - 282AD
Issued: 280AD
23.5 x 21.5mm 2.85gr 11h
O: IMP PROBVS PF AVG; Radiate, cuirassed bust, right.
R: CONCORDIA MILIT; Probus standing right on left, shaking hands with Concordia to right.
Exergue: P, above line; XXI, below line.
Siscia Mint
RIC V-2, 666, P; Cohen 162v; Sear (2000) 11967.
Aorta: 1850: B72, O79, R28, T98, M6.
martichworldcoins7 222841980707
2/23/18 3/20/18
Nicholas Z
8438_8439~0.jpg
Probus, Antoninianus, MARTI PACIF, AEQVITI Series, Rome5 viewsAE Antoninianus
Probus
Augustus: 276 - 282AD
Issued: ?
23.0mm 4.20gr 6h
O: PROBV-S PF AVG; Radiate, cuirassed bust, right.
R: MARTI P-A-CIF; Mars walking left, helmeted, holding branch in right hand, holding spear and shield in left hand.
Exergue: RQΓ
Rome Mint, Third officina.
AEQVITI Series Rome
RIC V-2 Rome 177, Γ
Aorta: B72, O94, R76, T38, M4
sjbcoins/Mark Alexandrov via Stoian Belkin 401684412058
1/20/19 2/11/19
Coin three of seven.
Nicholas Z
3201_3202~0.jpg
Probus, Antoninianus, MARTI PACIF, EQVITI Series 2, Ticinum12 viewsAE Antoninianus
Probus
Augustus: 276 - 282AD
Issued: 279 - 281AD
22.5 x 21.5mm 3.78gr
O: VIRTVS PROBI AVG; Helmeted, radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear over shoulder and shield.
R: MARTI PACIF; Mars advancing left, holding branch and spear with shield.
Exergue: I, left field; QXXI, below line.
Ticinum Mint, Fourth officina.
Second Series of EQVITI issues of Ticinum. This is coin four of six.
RIC V-2 Ticinum 509
Aorta: 555: B15, O99, R76, T38, M7.
Aegean Numismatics through Agora Auctions, Lot 270. Stock #0714207
12/5/16 1/20/17
Nicholas Z
3201_3202.jpg
Probus, Antoninianus, MARTI PACIF: EQVITI Series, Ticinum, I, QXXI9 viewsAE Antoninianus
Probus
Augustus: 276 - 282AD
Issued: 279 - 281AD
22.5 x 21.5mm 3.78gr
O: VIRTVS PROBI AVG; Helmeted, radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear over shoulder and shield.
R: MARTI PACIF; Mars advancing left, holding branch and spear with shield.
Exergue: I, left field; QXXI, below line.
Ticinum Mint, Fourth officina.
Second Series of EQVITI issues of Ticinum. This is coin four of six.
RIC V-2 Ticinum 509
Aorta: 555: B15, O99, R76, T38, M7.
Aegean Numismatics through Agora Auctions, Lot 270. Stock #0714207
12/5/16 1/20/17
Nicholas Z
8438_8439.jpg
Probus, Antoninianus, MARTI PACIF; AEQVITI Series, Rome, RQΓ3 viewsAE Antoninianus
Probus
Augustus: 276 - 282AD
Issued: ?
23.0mm 4.20gr 6h
O: PROBV-S PF AVG; Radiate, cuirassed bust, right.
R: MARTI P-A-CIF; Mars walking left, helmeted, holding branch in right hand, holding spear and shield in left hand.
Exergue: RQΓ, below line.
Rome Mint
AEQVITI Series
RIC V-2 Rome 177, Γ
Aorta: B72, O94, R76, T38, M4
sjobcoins/Mark Alexandrov via Stoian Belkin 401684412058 Inv. # M2832
1/20/19 2/11/19
Nicholas Z
probus_(ticinum)509_I.jpg
Probus, RIC V, 509 (#1)8 viewsProbus, AD 276-282
AE - Antoninianus, 3.36g, 23.09mm, 180°
Ticinum, 4th officina, 2nd series, AD 281
obv. VRTVS PROBI AVG
Bust, helmeted and radiate, cuirassed, l., with r. hand holding spear over r. shoulder, shield on l. shoulder
rev. MARTI PACIF
Mars, helmeted and wearing miltary cloak, advancing l., holding in extended r. hand branch and in l. hand spear and shield
in l. field I
in ex. QXXI
RIC V/2, 509; C.358
about EF, black brown patina, obv. slightly excentric
Pedigree:
ex Kricheldorf/Stuttgart, 1.8.1985

This is a coded coin from the Probus EQVITI series #2. For more informations please look at Forum Resources!
Jochen
probus_Ticinum_509_I_stern.jpg
Probus, RIC V, 509 (#2)24 viewsProbus, AD 276-282
AE - Antoninianus, 3.81g
Ticinum, 4th officina, 3rd series, AD 281
obv. VRTVS PROBI AVG
Bust, helmeted and radiate, cuirassed, l., with r. hand holding spear over r. shoulder, shield on l. shoulder
rev. MARTI PACIF
Mars, helmeted and wearing miltary cloak, advancing l., holding in extended r. hand branch and in l. hand spear and shield
in l. field I, in r. field star
in ex. QXXI
RIC V/2, 509; C.358
VF

This is a coded coin from the Probus EQVITI series #3. For more informations please look at Forum Resources!
Jochen
100_0751.JPG
Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D23 viewsEQVITI Series II of Ticinum, I, QXXI.
Silvered antoninianus, Choice aEF, 4th officina, Ticinum mint, ; obverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG , radiate, helmeted and cuirassed bust left, spear across shoulder in right, shield on left; reverse MARTI PACIF, Mars advancing left, holding olive-branch, shield and spear, I left, QXXI in ex; sharp strike with full circles centering, much silver remaining; Ticinum mint EQVITI series II - The letter `I` in the reverse field is the fourth letter of the codeword EQVITI. The letter `Q` in the exergue indicates this coin was struck by the fourth officina (mint workshop). The letters of the word EQVITI are coded in the mintmarks of coins from all the officinae of the mint, with the specific letters of the codeword assigned to each officina in order corresponding with their officina numbers. This codeword probably refers to cavalry. It may be AEQVITI truncated because there were only six officinae in operation. RIC V 509.
simmurray
Probus- Eagle Alexandria.jpg
Probus- Eagle Provincial105 viewsProbus, summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

Obverse:
Laureate and cuirassed bust right

AK M AVP ΠPOBOC CEB (epsilon)B


AK: AUTOKRATOR (greek indication for monarch)
M: Marcus
AVP: Aureus
ΠPOBOC: (pi)PROBOC (Probus)
CEB: SEBASTOS (greek indication for augustus).

Reverse:
L -Δ (delta=year 4) across fields

Eagle standing right, head turned back, wreath in beak. The ties are one back and one straight down

Domination: Billon drachm, size 23 mm.

Mint: Alexandria, provincial. Milne #4588

Comment:
Since this is a provincial coin, it does not have a RIC number.


This is a very interesting coin, as it is overstruck on a previous issue, possibly of Aurelian.

If one look to the right and below Probus' chin one will see an outline of another nose, mouth and chin. Also, between about 4.30 amd 5.30 on the obverse one can see signs of large border pellets, unlike the small pellets of the Probus type, and there is 'interference' in the CEB of the legend.

The reverse shows traces of the undertype too, and the spread flan is another giveaway (most Probus tetradrachms which are not overstrikes are quite thick with smallish flans).

I(Manzikert) have two similar overstrikes (both year 3), and it appears there was a monetary reform by Aurelian c.274-5, and some earlier coins were overstruck with Aurelian's, Tacitus' and Probus' types. There is a paper about these by W.E. Metcalf in 'Studies in Greek numismatics in memory of Martin Jessop Price'
John Schou
Olbia.jpg
PROTO-COINAGE, Olbia, Dolphin money, c.250 BC17 viewsOlbia AE Dolphin; Weight: 1,80 g; Size: 28,51 mm; Condition: VF/VF
Obv: Bold dolphin shape, with eye in relief.
Rev: Bold dolphin shape, with eye in relief.
Ref: Sear 1684, BMC Thrace Samartia 19
Jorge C
9495_9496.jpg
Provincial, Akrasos, Lydia, AE19, ΑΚΡΑCIΩΙΩΝ1 viewsAE19
Roman Provincial: Akrasos, Lydia
Septimius Severus
Augustus: 193 - 211AD
Issued: ?
19.0mm 3.31gr 6h
O: ΑΥ KAI CεOΥΗΡΟ; Laureate head, right.
R: ΑΚΡΑ-CIΩΙΩΝ; Asklepios, standing facing, holding serpent-entwined staff in right hand, wearing chiton.
Akrasos, Lydia Mint
Kraft 65.14
martichworldcoins7/Martina Boneva 223579195768
7/15/19 9/9/19
Nicholas Z
8971_8972.jpg
Provincial, Anchialus, Thrace, AE17, ΑΓΧΙΑΛεΩΝ6 viewsAE17
Roman Provincial: Anchialus, Thrace
Septimius Severus
Augustus: 193 - 211AD
Issued:
17.0mm 4.09gr 7h
O: AYT [K CεΠ CεΥΗΡΟC]; Laureate head, right.
R: [ΑΓΧΙΑ]-ΛεΩΝ; Homonoia, standing left, holding patera in right hand, sacrificing over altar, holding cornucopia in left hand.
Anchialus, Thrace Mint
Varbanov 171
martichworldcoins7/Martina Boneva 223500602395
5/8/19 7/5/19
Nicholas Z
1463_Q_Philipus.jpg
Q. Marcius Philippus - AR denarius7 viewsRome
˛127 BC
ą129 BC
head of Roma right wearing winged helmet
(XVI)
Philip V galloping on horse right wearing Macedonian helmet with goat's horns
Q·PILIPVS
ROMA
ąCrawford 259/1, SRCV I 135, Sydenham 477, RSC I Marcia 11
˛Mark Passehl - Roman moneyer & coin type chronology, 150 – 50 BC
ex Martí Hervera / Soler y Llach
Johny SYSEL
fante33.jpg
Q.CAECILIUS METELLUS CAPRARIUS.71 viewsAR denarius. 125 BC. 3,91 grs. Helmeted head of Roma right, ROMA behind, mark of value below chin / Jupiter in biga of elephants left, Victory flying right above. In exergue C.METELLVS.
Craw 269/1. RSC Caecilia 14.
Marti Herrera 68 ,lot 108.

1 commentsbenito
quintillus.JPG
Quintillus14 viewsAD 270
MARTI PACI
RIC V 58
JRoME
Quintillus_00460.jpg
Quintillus (RIC 58, Coin #0460)16 views
Quintillus, RIC 58, AE Antoninianus, Mediolanum, 270AD
Obv: IMP QVINTILLAS AVG Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MARTI PACI (P) Mars standing left, olive branch in right,
transverse spear in left.
Size: 20.8mm 3.32g

MaynardGee
quintilus-_ric24.jpg
Quintillus - RIC V, 2410 views19 mm, 2.8 g.
IMP CM AVR CL QVINTILLVS AVG
MARTI PACIF - X left

Roma 270 AD.
xokleng
Quintillus_opt.jpg
QUINTILLUS AE Follis, RIC V-1 Rome 25 corr, Mars21 viewsOBV: IMP CM AVR CL QVINTILLVS AVG , radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right
REV: MARTI PACIL, Mars walking left, holding olive branch, reversed spear and shield. X in left field


Minted at Rome, 270 AD
Legatus
RI_132sc_img.jpg
RI 132sc img22 viewsObv:– VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Radiate helmeted, cuirassed bust left with spear and shield
Rev:– MARTI PACIF, Mars walking left holding olive branch, spear and shield
Minted in Ticinum (I in left field, QXXI in exe) Emission 9 Officina 4. A.D. 281
Reference:– RIC 509 Bust type G
Part of coded EQVITI series (first I)
maridvnvm
RIC_51A_Domitianus.jpg
RIC 0051A Domitianus85 viewsObv: IMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG PONT, Laureate head right
Rev: TR P COS VII DES VIII P P, Dolphin coiled round anchor
AU/Aureus (19.28 mm 7.145 g 6h) Struck in Rome 81 A.D. (4th group)
RIC unpublished (will be given 51A), BMCRE-BNF unpublished
Ex Martě Hervera & Soler Y Llach Auction 1099-1 Lot 136
5 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
RIC_623_Domitianus_(5).jpg
RIC 0623a Domitianus39 viewsObv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VIII CENS PER P P, laureate head right
Rev: COS XIIII LVD SAEC FEC / S C (in exergue), Domitian standing left, sacrificing over altar; Flute and lyre players standing right (the second is behind the altar); in background temple.
AE/As (28.77 mm 11.740 g 6h) Struck in Rome 88 A D
RIC 623a (C2), BMCRE 434-436, BNF 471-474
ex Martě Hervera - Soler y Llach Auction 1101-2 lot 2531
2 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
RIC_1187_Vespasianus.jpg
RIC 1187 Vespasianus22 viewsObv: IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG COS IIII PP, Radiate head right.
Rev: FORTVNAE REDVCI / S C (in field), Fortuna standing, left holding rudder on hlobe and cornucopia
AE/Dupondius (29.13 mm 113.166 gr 6h) Struck in Lugdunum (Gallia) 72 A.D.
RIC 1187 (C), Lyon 67, BMCRE unlisted, BNF 815
ex Martě Hervera - Soler y Llach Auction 1101-2 lot 2513
1 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
R177_w.JPG
RIC 17715 viewsRIC 177, MPR 491; Rome. Bust type F, (B). Denomination: Antoninianus.
This coin is part of the AEQVITI series of Rome.

OBV.: PROBVS P F AVG
Radiate, cuirassed bust right.

REV.: MARTI PACIF
Mars walking left, holding olive-branch, spear and shield. Billowing cloak behind shield.

Mintmark: // RQΓ

AEQVITI

Weight: ?
Die axis: ?
Diameter: ?

vrtsprb
R177_050917_xD_134o.JPG
RIC 17724 viewsRIC 177, MPR 491; Rome. Bust type F, (B). Denomination: Antoninianus.
This coin is part of the AEQVITI series of Rome.

OBV.: PROBVS P F AVG
Radiate, cuirassed bust right.

REV.: MARTI PACIF
Mars walking left, holding olive-branch, spear and shield. Billowing cloak behind shield.

Mintmark: // RQΓ

AEQVITI

Weight: 4.08 g.
Die axis: ?
Diameter: ?

Ex. Dattari
vrtsprb
R509_080302_GK.JPG
RIC 50912 views