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Search results - "countermark"
countermark2.JPG
24 viewsJRoME
countermark.JPG
21 viewsJRoME
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17 viewsSpain, New World Colonies under Philip II 1551-1555. Copper 4-Maravedis. Countermarked IIII and dated counter-mark on reverse.Patrick O3
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18 viewsSpain, New World Colonies under Philip II 1551-1555. Copper 8-Maravedis. Countermarked and obliterated monogram and castle on reverse.Patrick O3
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Collection overview143 viewsAll my countermarked Spanish coins.

Click on the picture to enlarge.
1 commentsmauseus
Tiberius_RIC_90.jpg
3 Tiberius Countermarked AE 3029 viewsTIBERIUS
AE30 of uncertain mint in Commagene
19-20 A.D.

Laureate head right, with countermark: head of Hercules within circle / Winged caduceus between two cornucopiae.

RIC 89, RPC 3868. RIC 89. BMC 174.
Thanks to FORVM member R. Smits for helping to ID the countermark.
RI0053
1 commentsSosius
Roman_Prov.jpg
26 Geta?21 viewsNever nailed this one down. It was discussed here:

http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=70693.msg443086#msg443086

From FORVM member Pscipio:
"Probably Geta as Caesar rather than Caracalla, cf. SNG Aulock 7165 for what looks like an obverse die match (different reverse type). Note that a similar left facing portrait also exists for Caracalla, but laureate, thus as Augustus: SNG Aulock 7162, which is clearly from the same hand and therefore probably belongs to the same emission.

The countermark appears to be Howgego 68."
Sosius
KAFFA_PUL_cm.jpg
Pul with Kaffa c/m5 views
CRIMEA, GOLDEN HORDE, (with Genoese countermark)

Anonymous AE - Pul

Obverse: uncertain Ornament, Kaffa Genoese trading colony; Circular countermark arms of Genoa with partitioned portal, within circular frame of dots.

Reverse: uncertain Ornament

Mint: Uncertain (Bulghar?)

Minted: 14th Century (?) cm - 1420 - 1475

Notes: Fair/Fair(c/m a/VF), Crude

Ref: Retowski, Coins with Genoese Countermarks 2


jimbomar
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Zeugma, Philip II, 7 viewsPhilip II, Zeugma, Commagene, 29mm, countermark (eagle), SNG Copenhagen 35.Ancient Aussie
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Г (incised)404 viewsPISIDIA. Ariassus. Julia Mamaea. 25. A.D. 222-235. Obv: IOVΛIAMA-MEAC(EB...). Diademed and draped bust right; Incises countermark before. Rev: (A)PIACC(EΩN). Dioscuri standing naked, each infront of a horse, holding a spear; above star in crescent. Ref: BMC -; SNG France (3) -; SNG Aul -. Axis: 195. Weight: 9.29 g. CM: Г (incised), incuse, 4 x 6 mm. Howgego 778 (11 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
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Γ in rectangular punch298 viewsLYDIA. Thyatira. Elagabalus. 26. A.D. 218-222. Obv: AVTKMAAN-TΩNEINOC. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; countermark on lower part of bust. Rev: (ΘVA)TEIP-HNΩN. Tyche standing left, holding cornucopia and rudder. Ref: BMC -; cf. Sear 3072 (same obv. die). Axis: 165. Weight: 7.92 g. CM: Γ in rectangular punch, 4 x 5 mm. Howgego 772, 774 or 777 (?). Note: The coin is light for 772, has greater greater diamater than 774 and is not as late as 777. Collection Automan.
Automan
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Δ and KA (monogram of)295 viewsCILICIA. Seleuceia ad Calycadnum. Severus Alexander. 28. A.D. 222-235. Obv: AV▪K▪M▪AVP▪CEOVHPAΛEZA-NΔPO. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; 2 countermarks: (1) on chest, (2) partly under (1). Rev: CEΛE(-YKEΩN)KAΛY-KA-ΔNΩ. Tyche of Seleuceia seated left on rock in distyle shrine, holding grains; river-god Calycadnus swimming left below. Ref: BMC -; SNG Levante Supp. 196 (same obv. die, var. rev. leg.). Axis: 195. Weight: 9.91 g. CM(1): Δ containing dot, in triangular punch, 6 x 5 mm. Howgego 670 (206 pcs). Note: Not likely to be a denominational countermark. CM(2): Monogram of K and A, in shaped punch, 4 x 5 mm. Howgego 618 (52 pcs). Note: The countermark likely refers to Calycadnum. Collection Automan.Automan
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Δ and NIKO308 viewsMOESIA INFERIOR. Nikopolis ad Istrum. Septimius Severus. 27. A.D. 193-211. Obv: (VK)ΛCEΠ-CEVHPOC (...) or similar. Laureate bust right; countermark (1) on shoulder. Rev: VΠAVPΓAΛΛOVNIKOΠOΛITΠPOCIC. River-god reclining left, leaning against urn (?), holding branch in right hand; Countermark (2) to left. Ref: BMC -. Axis: 60. Weight: 11.68 g. CM(1): Δ, incuse punch, 7 x 6 mm. Howgego 782 (3 pcs). CM(2): NIKO, incuse, 14 x 5 mm. Howgego 553 (3 pcs, 2 of which on reverse). Note: All coins that have the Δ c/m apparently also bear the NIKO c/m and vice-versa, so they must have been applied at the same time. Collection Automan.Automan
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Δ and Six-pointed star291 viewsCILICIA. Ninica-Claudiopolis. Maximinus I. 28. A.D. 235-238. Obv: IMPCSIVLVERMAXIMINVS. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; 2 countermarks: (1) before face, (2) on bust. Rev: NIN-C-CLAV. Colonist ploughing behind two oxen, in background vexillum. Ref: BMC 8. Axis: 360. Weight: 9.86 g. CM (1): Δ containing dot, all within circle; circular punch, 6 mm. Howgego 669 (49 pcs). Not likely to be a denominational countermark. CM (2): Six-pointed star, incuse, 6 mm from point to point. Howgego 451 (45 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
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Δ containing dot270 viewsCILICIA. Seleuceia ad Calycadnum. Gordian III. 33. A.D. 238-244. Obv: (ANTΩNI)OC-(ΓΩPΔIAN)OC, (C)EBA. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; countermark on neck. Rev: CELEUKEΩ-N-(TΩΠPOCTΩK)-AΛV-KAΔ-NΩ. Athena standing left, holding Nike in right hand and resting left hand on shield, behind which rises a spear. Ref: BMC 37. Axis: 180. Weight: 19.13 g. CM: Δ containing dot, in triangular punch, c. 6 x 5 mm. Howgego 670 (206 pcs). Note: Not likely to be a denominational countermark. Collection Automan. Automan
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Δ containing dot215 viewsCILICIA. Ninica-Claudiopolis. Maximinus I. 23. A.D. 235-238. Obv: (IMP)MAXIMINVΓPI. Laureate head right; Countermark on neck. Rev: NI-NI-CL-Ω-ΩΔ. Two vexilla. Ref: BMC -. Axis: 180. Weight: 6.92 g.CM: Δ containing dot, all within circle; circular punch, 6 mm. Howgego 669 (49 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
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Δ in circular punch240 viewsARABIA PETRAEA. Petra. Septimius Severus. 22. A.D. 193-211. Obv: ()-CEOYHPON(). Laureate head right; countermark on shoulder. Rev: ()-MHTPOΠ(). Tyche seated left on rock, holding trophy in right hand and stele in extended left hand (?). Ref: Spijkerman 28v; BMC -. Axis: 360. Weight: 7.24 g. CM: Δ in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego 801 (19 pcs). Note: May bave been countermarked during reign of Elagabalus, although this is uncertain since the coins of Elagabalus were too small to be countermarked Δ, and no coins were issued after his reign. Collection Automan.Automan
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Δ in circular punch279 viewsIONIA. Smyrna. Civic. 20. Time of Gordian to Valerian. Obv: .IEPACVNKΛHTOC. Laureate and draped bust of the Roman Senate right, countermark on bust. Rev: CMVPΓNE-ΩKOPΩN. Figure of Tyche holding rudder and cornucopia, inside tetrastyle temple. Ref: Ex. Lindgren II:556; BMC 233. Axis: 180. Weight: 4.95 g. CM: Δ in circular punch, 5.5 mm. Howgego 791 (34 pcs). Note: The countermark was probably not applied before the time of the joint reign of Valerian and Gallienus. Collection Automan.Automan
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Δ in circular punch274 viewsBITHYNIA. Tium. Civic. 24. First half of 3rd century A.D. Obv: .TE-IOC. Diademed and draped bust of Teos right; countermark on neck. Rev: TIAN-ΩN. Dionysus standing facing, head left, emptying contents of cantharus, holding thyrsus. Ref: BMC -; SNG von Aulock 928ff (obverse).Axis: 30. Weight: 5.72 g. CM: Δ in circular punch, 6 mm. Howgego 789 (34 pcs). Note: The latest coin bearing this countermark was issued for Hostilian. Collection Automan.Automan
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Δ in circular punch261 viewsUncertain mint, likely of Balkan origin. Septimius Severus. 28 (4 Assaria?). A.D. 193-211. Obv: (...)CE(...). Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; countermark behind head. Rev: Inscription largely obliterated, N (?) in exurge. Artemis (?) running right. Axis: 225. Weight: 13.09 g. CM: Δ in circular punch. Howgego 781, 783, 784 (?). Note: Δ countermarks have recently been found on many coins of the region, indicating that the coins in question are valued at 4 assaria. Collection Automan.1 commentsAutoman
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Δ in circular punch219 viewsMACEDON (?). Thessalonica (?). Augustus. 22. 27 B.C.- A.D. 14. Obv: KAIΣAP-(ΣEBAΣTOΣ) or similar. Laureate head right; countermark before chin. Rev: Inscription obliterated. City ethnic in wreath. Weight: 9.25 g. CM: Δ in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego 706 (1 pc). Note: Howgego lists only one (!) coin of the period, where the countermark may be a Δ. That coin was struck for Octavian in Thessalonica, dated to 28/27 B.C. It is listed as "not verified" and the countermark described as A or Δ. In regard to [107], the countermark is very clearly Δ! Collection Automan.Automan
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Δ, 6-pointed star and Nike188 viewsCILICIA. Ninica-Claudiopolis. Maximinus I. 28. A.D. 235-238. Obv: (...MA)XIMINVΓP(A)UTΛ or similar. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; 4 countermarks: (1) before face, (2) on shoulder; (3) before chest, (4) behind neck. Rev: (C)-OLN-(I)NI-CLAUΔ. Colonist ploughing behind two oxen, in background vexillum, star before colonist. Ref: BMC 8 (var. obv. leg.). Axis: 210. Weight: 10.70 g. CM(1): Six-pointed star, incuse, 6 mm from point to point. Howgego 451 (45 pcs). CM(2): Δ containing dot, all within circle; circular punch, 6 mm. . Howgego 669 (49 pcs). Note: Not likely to be a denominational countermark. CM(3-4): Nike right, in oval punch, c. 5 x 8 mm (not certain!). Howgego 262 (34 pcs). Note:The sequence of application appears to have been (1) Δ in circle (669), (2) six-pointed star (451), and (3) Nike (262). Collection Automan.Automan
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Δ, six-pointed star, eagle and Nike (6 cmks!)203 viewsCILICIA. Ninica-Claudiopolis. Maximinus I. 27. A.D. 235-238. Obv: OIMPCSIVLVERMAXIMINVS. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; 6 countermarks: (1) to right, before bust, (2) on lower part of bust, (3) on neck, (4) behind and on back of head, (5) on upper part of head, (6) before head. Rev: NINIC-OL-CLA-UΔI, OPOLI in ex. Tetrastyle temple containing emperor, standing left, holding patera and spear. Ref: BMC 10; Sear GIC 3548 (same dies). Axis: 360. Weight: 9.12 g. CM(1): Δ containing dot, all within circle; circular punch, 6 mm. Howgego 669 (49 pcs). Note: Not likely to be a denominational countermark. CM(2): Six-pointed star, incuse, 6 mm from point to point. Howgego 451 (45 pcs). CM(3): Eagle standing right with head left, in shaped punch, c. 4 x 7 mm. Howgego 338 (11 pcs). CM(4): Nike right, in oval punch, c. 5 x 8 mm. Howgego 262 (34 pcs). CM(5): Similar to CM(4). CM(6): Similar to CM(4). Note: The sequence of application appears to have been 669-451-262-338. Automan
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ΔAK in rectangular punch178 viewsSYRIA: COELE SYRIA. Leucas. Trajan. 22. A.D. 102/103 (year 55). Obv: (AY)KAINEP-TRAIA(NOCΔAK...) or similar. Laureate head right; countermark before. Rev: (ΛEYKAΔIWN)-KΛAYΔIEWN, EN in field. Emperor, holding sceptre, in quadriga galloping right. Ref: BMC 3; Sear GIC 1082. Axis: 30. Weight: 9.16 g. CM: ΔAK in rectangular punch, 6 x 3 mm. Howgego 529 (43 pcs). Note: Interestingly, the title Dacicus is already part of the inscription of the coin. Collection Automan.Automan
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ΘEC189 viewsMACEDON. Thessalonica. Nero. 27. A.D. 54-68. Obv: KAICAP-NEPWN. Bare head left; countermark on head. Rev: ΘECCA-ΛONIKH. Nike standing left on globe, holding wreath in extended right hand, palm branches in left hand. Ref: BMC -; RPC 1593 (2 pcs). Axis: 15. Weight: 22.04 g. CM: ΘEC in rectangular punch, 7 x 3 mm. Howgego 537 (7 pcs). Howgego notes that the countermark was probably applied in A.D. 68/69, sanctioning coins of Nero. Collection Automan.Automan
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ΘEC in rectangular punch180 viewsMACEDON. Thessalonica. Nero. 23. A.D. 54-68. Obv: NE(PΩNC)EBAΣΣ-TOΣKAIΣAP (sic.). Bare head left; countermark across neck. Rev: ΘECCAΛ-ONIKH-ΩN in three lines in oak-wreath, eagle at top. Ref: BMC -; RPC 1603 (5 pcs); Axis: 180. Weight: 7.36 g. Note: The name and face of Nero have been erased (damnatio). CM: ΘEC in rectangular punch, 7 x 3 mm. Howgego 537 (7 pcs). Note: Howgego notes that the countermark was probably applied in A.D. 68/69, sanctioning coins of Nero. He also notes that the application of the countermark was not directly connected with the erasure of the name and face of Nero, since this was done to only one of the seven specimens he identified. Collection Automan.Automan
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ΘY (monogram of)208 viewsLYDIA. Thyatira. Severus Alexander. 20. A.D. 222-235. Obv: AΛEΞ(A)N-ΔPOC. Laureate bust right; countermark on head. Rev: ΘVAT-E-IPHN. Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia. Ref: BMC -; SNG von Aulock -; SNG Cop -; Lindgren -.Axis: 180. Weight: 3.76 g. CM: Monogram of Θ and Y, in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego 617 (11 pcs). Note: Undoubtedly the countermark refers to the city of Thyatira where the host coin was issued. Collection Automan.1 commentsAutoman
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ΘY (monogram of)202 viewsLYDIA. Thyatira. Elagabalus. 26. A.D. 218-222. Obv: AVTKMAAN-TΩNEINOC. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; countermark on lower part of bust. Rev: (ΘVAT-E-I-)PHNΩN. Athena seated left, holding palladium in right extended arm, resting left arm on spear, wheel-like shield resing against throne. Ref: BMC 114. Axis: 180. Weight: 7.60 g. Note: Same obverse die as Sear (GIC) 3072. CM: Monogram of Θ and Y, in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego 617 (11 pcs). Note: Undoubtedly the countermark refers to the city of Thyatira where the host coin was issued. Collection Automan.Automan
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Λ (or possibly Δ)199 viewsCILICIA. Adana (?). Elagabalus. 34. A.D. 218-222. Obv: AVKMAVPANTΩNEINOCCEΓ (or similar), Π-Π on either side of portrait. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; countermark on head. Rev: AΔAN-EΩN (?). Zeus seated left on throne, holding staff in left hand and patera right hand, right arm extended. Ref: BMC -. Axis: 165. Weight: 22.31 g. CM: Λ (or possibly Δ) in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego -. Note: Deeply recessed countermark. Collection Automan.Automan
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ΛΓΓ179 viewsSYRIA: SELEUCIS & PIERIA. Gabala. Caracalla. 22. A.D. 198-217. Obv: (AVKMAANTΩNEINOC) or similar. Laureate bust right; countermark across shoulder. Rev: Γ(ABAΛEΩ)N. Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia. Ref: BMC Axis: 180. Weight: 7.53 g. CM: ΛΓΓ in rectangular punch, 7.5 x 4 mm. Howgego 551 (5 pcs). Note: Howgego describes the countermark as either ΛΠ or ΛΓI, while this specimen reads ΛΓΓ. Collection Automan.Automan
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Δ on GETA, AE20 ARABIA PETRAEA.197 viewsARABIA PETRAEA. Petra. Geta. 20. A.D. 198-209 (as Caesar). Obv: (...)ΠCE(...)-(ГETACKAICAP) or similar. Bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; countermark before. Rev: AΔ(PI-ΠEP)TA-MHT. Within distyle temple, Tyche seated left, holding small stele in extended right hand, holding trophy in left hand. Ref: Spijkerman 51. Axis: 330. Weight: 7.75 g. CM: Δ in circular punch, 5.5 mm. Howgego 801 (19 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
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94 viewsAugustus. 27 BC-AD 14
Dupondius (25mm, 5.96 g, 1 h)
Balkans region. Imitating a Rome mint issue of an uncertain moneyer. Struck early 1st century AD.
Corrupt legend in two lines within wreath; two imitative countermarks
Large (retrograde S)C
Ardatirion
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31 viewsROME
PB Tessera (19mm, 3.23 g, 12h)
Charioteer driving quadriga right, raising whip in right hand
Palm frond; c/m: VI
Rostovtsev 722; Rostovsev & Prou 156; Kircheriano 1169-70; BM 1389-90; Milan 127. Countermark unlisted

Ex Artcoins Roma 23 (17 February 2015), lot 584
Ardatirion
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34 viewsCORINTHIA, Corinth
PB Tessera (15mm, 3.37 g)
Pegasos flying left; [COR?] below
Blank
BCD Corinth 529 (this coin)

Ex BCD Collection (Lanz 105, 26 November 2001), lot 529

This intriguing piece stands out from the main series of countermarked bronze type tesserae found at Corinth.
Ardatirion
Asia_Minor_tessera.jpg
24 viewsUNCERTAIN EAST
Circa 300 BC - 100 AD?
PB Tessera (20mm, 3.79 g)
Two punches: bee, Λ A flanking; Nike advancing facing, head right
Blank
Glbay & Kire -; Lang & Crosby -; Howgego -

The first punch depicts a bee with a long, cylindrical body, triangular pointed wings, and globular eyes with the letters Λ and A flanking. A second, added later over the edge of the first, shows Nike striding boldly forward with her head slightly to the right. The elegant engraving of the punches, both unlisted as countermarks in Howgego, contrasts starkly with the rough, unfinished flan. Although the basic types of Nike and a bee are common at Ephesos, the fabric and style differ from the issues of that city. Neither does the piece fit with the tokens found in the Athenian Agora. All considered, this piece appears consistent with what one would expect from a temporary token or entry pass, possibly of the pre-Roman period.
Ardatirion
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"B" Countermark207 viewsUncertain provincial, possibly Philip II, with the reverse of Homonia holding a cornucopia and patera, sacrificing over an altar Sid
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"EVMENEΩN" and "ΦIΛΩNIΔOY" (monograms to be read as)182 viewsPHRYGIA. Eumeneia. Fulvia. 19. Ca. 41-40 B.C. Obv: Draped bust of Fulvia as winged Nike r.; 2 cms, (1) on head, (2) above head. Rev: (ΦYΛOYIANΩN) to right, ΣMEPTOPIΓ(OΣ)/(ΦIΛΩNIΔOY) in 2 lines to l. Athena adv. l., hld. spear and shield. Ref: BMC 20-21 (?); RPC 3139 (7 pcs). Axis: 330. Weight: 6.84 g. Magistrate: Zmertorigos Philopatris. Note: Eumeneia changed its name to Fulvia on the occasion of Mark Antony's journey to the east in 41 B.C., likely propmting the issue of coins. After Fulvia died the city took back its old name. On BMC 21 the ethnic "ΦYΛOVIANΩN" may be purposefully erased, which also seems to be the case on this specimen! Both coins are countermarked, and the cm's may be read "EVMENEΩN" and "ΦIΛΩNIΔOY". The purpose of countermarking in combination with the erasure of the city name, thus, seems to have been to make note of second name change. CM(1): Monogram of EVMNO (?), in circ. punch, 4 mm. CM(2): Monogram of ΦIΛNΔ (?), in circ. punch, 3.5 mm. Collection Automan.1 commentsAutoman
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(0098) TRAJAN13 views98 - 117 AD
AE 27 mm; 18.69 g
O:Laureate head right, countermark on neck
R: SC, C below; all within laurel wreath.
Antioch, Syria
laney
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(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS13 views138 - 161 AD
25 mm, 7.00 g
O: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Antoninus Pius right; c/m: bust right within circular incuse
R: Turreted and draped bust of Tyche left.
Syria, Seleucis and Pieria, Laodicea ad Mare.
laney
commod_perseph_elaea.jpg
(0177) COMMODUS17 views177 - 192 AD
AE 19 mm; 3.77 g
O: ΑV ΚΑΙ ΚοΜΜοΔοС laureate-headed bust of Commodus wearing cuirass and paludamentum, right; countermark of head lower right
R: ƐΛΑΙΤΩΝ draped bust of Demeter or Persephone (with features of Crispina), r., holding poppy and two ears of corn
Aiolis, Elaea; ref. BMC 48, Cop 199
laney
commodus_horse_anchial_b.jpg
(0177) COMMODUS--ANCHIALOS39 views177 - 192 AD
struck ca. 191 - 192 AD, issued by Caecilius Servilianus, Legatus Augusti pro praetore provinciae Thraciae
29.5 mm; 6.90 g
O: ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ Λ ΑΥΡ - ΚΟΜΟΔΟC , laureate-headed bust of Commodus wearing cuirass and paludamentum, facing right; two countermarks in ovals: helmeted head of Athena, and DX
R: ΗΓ ΚΑΙ CΕΡΟΥΙΛΙΑΝΟΥ ΑΓΧΙΑΛΕΩΝ , emperor (Commodus) on horseback, r., wearing military dress, holding spear.
Thrace, Anchialos
Ref. cf AMNG 441, pl. VI. 16 (rev.) ; RPC online coin type temporary № 4532 (2 pieces listed) but described as "galloping" ; Moushmov 2799; rare
1 commentslaney
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(0177) COMMODUS--ODESSOS31 views177-192 AD
struck ca 182 - 184
25mm, 7.72 g
O: AVT K M AVP ANT KOMODOCLaureate head of Commodus, facing right (countermark near ear?)
R: ODHCC EITRN, Great God of Odessus standing left, holding cornucopiae and patera, a lit altar at his feet.
Thrace, Odessos; Moushmov 1592
d.s.
laney
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(0218) ELAGABALUS26 views218 - 222 AD
AE 23 mm 8.88 g
O: Bust right
R: Mt. Gerizim with arched colonnade, roadway, shrines, altar and temple; "A" Countermark
NEAPOLIS, SAMARIA
laney
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(0241) TRANQUILLINA32 views241 - 244 AD
AE 15 mm, 3.29 g
O: Draped diademed bust right (countermark at back of head)
R: Vexillum
Mesopotamia, Singara (possibly unpublished)
laney
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(0244) PHILIP I37 views244 - 249 AD
AE 29 mm 17.01 g
O: AVTOK K M IOVL FILIPPOC CEB, laureate draped bust right (COUNTERMARKED)
R: ZEVG[MATEWN], tetrastyle temple (of Zeus?) with peribolos containing grove of trees, capricorn in ex.
Zeugma, Commagene. Roman Syria
laney
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(0251) TREBONIANUS GALLUS21 views251 - 253 AD
AE 24 mm; 6.78 g.
O: AUT K G BEIB GALLOC A, radiate draped bust right; countermark at shoulder
R: NIKAI-EWN, Serapis standing left, polos on head, holding sceptre and raising hand.
Bithynia, Nicaea; SNG Von Aulock 7061
laney
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(05) CLAUDIUS (MINERVA)31 views41-54 AD
Struck 41-42 AD
AE 30 mm max., 10.66 g
O: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, Bare head left; PR countermark
R: S-C across fields, Minerva advancing right, brandishing spear and holding shield
Rome mint, RIC I 100
laney
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(06) NERO--COUNTERMARKED49 views54 - 68 AD
AE 19 mm 3.02 g
Phrygia, Akmoneia (probably L. Servenius Capito and his wife Iulia Severa. Struck circa 65 AD).
O: draped bust right; countermark: Asklepios holding snake-encircled staff
R: Zeus seated left, holding patera and sceptre
cf SNG von Aulock 3375 (same countermark).
laney
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(11) TITUS31 views69 - 79 AD (as Caesar)
AE 26 mm, 9.2 g
O: Bare head left; c/m (Howgego 243): Astarte standing facing, holding scepter, being crowned by Nike on low column
R: Veiled founder plowing right with two yoked oxen.
Phoenicia, Berytus; RPC 2045
laney
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001 - Augustus As (as Ceasar under Augustus) - RIC 230105 views As.
Obv: CAESAR PONT MAX, Laureate bust right. CCARN" in circle in countermark.
Rev: ROM ET AVG; Front elevation of the Altar in Lyon, decorated with the corona civica between laurels, these being made by nude male figures, usually stylized, to left and right, Victories on columns facing one another.
Minted in Lugdunum. B.C. 15 to B.C. 10.
Ref: BMC 550. RIC I Augustus 230

Rare countermark
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Marcus-Antonius_AR-Den_LEG-VI_ANT-AVG-III__VIR_R_P_C__Crafw-544-19_Syd-1223_RSC-33_Q-001_5h_17,5-18mm_3,35g-s.jpg
001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-19, AR-denarius, LEG-VI, ANT AVG III VIRRPC, Praetorian galley right,146 views001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-19, AR-denarius, LEG-VI, ANT AVG III VIRRPC, Praetorian galley right,
avers:- LEG-VI, legionary eagle (aquila) between two standards.
revers:- ANT-AVG-III-VIRRPC, Praetorian galley sailing right, mast with banners at prow. Nice Countermark above the galley.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5-18mm, weight: 3,35g, axes: 5h,
mint: Legionary Denarius, date: B.C., ref: Crawford- 544/19, Sydneham-1223, RSC-33,
Q-001
quadrans
Claudius_Jeton-_21,5mm_3,02ga-s.jpg
012j Claudius-I (41-54 A.D.), RIC I , Rome, AE-Jeton, 107 views012j Claudius-I (41-54 A.D.), RIC I , Rome, AE-Jeton,
avers:- Countermark: TICA (mirror writing).
revers:- No legend -
exerg: , diameter: 21,5 mm, weight: 3,02 g, axis:- h,
mint: Rome, date: A.D., ref: RIC-I-, C-,
Q-001
quadrans
261-augustus as-ctmk02.jpg
027 BC-14 AD - AUGUSTUS AE As - struck by P LVRIVS AGRIPPA (7 BC)91 viewsobv: [CAESAR AVGVST PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT] (bare head of Augustus left) (with ALAR countermark)
rev: [P LVRIVS AGRIPP]A IIIVIR AAA FF / S.C.
ref: RIC I 426
9.81gms, 24mm

ALAR = ALA II Hispanorum et Arvacorum. It was a cavalry from Hispania settled to Pannonia at the limes of Danube (near Aquincum, today Budapest)
berserker
306-augustus as-ctmk01.jpg
027 BC-14 AD - AUGUSTUS AE As - struck by P. Lurius Agrippa moneyer (7 BC)58 viewsobv: [CAESAR] AVGVST PONT [MAX TRIBVNIC POT] (with AVG countermark)
rev: P LVRIVS [AGRIPPA] IIIVIR [AAA FF] / S.C.
ref: RIC I 426
9.18gms, 26mm
berserker
049_Septimius-Severus_AE-26-Bithynia,_Nicomedia,_AVK-L-CE_T-CEVHPOC-laur_head-right_NIKOMH-_E_N-_IC-NE_KO-P_N-_ctastyle-temple-with-Counterm_BMC-41_Q-001_26-27mm_11,37gx-s.jpg
049p Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Bithynia, Nicomedia, BMC-41, AE-26, Temple,65 views049p Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Bithynia, Nicomedia, BMC-41, AE-26, Temple,
avers:- AVK-L-CEΠT-CEVHPOC, Radiate head right.
revers:- NIKOMH-ΔEΩN-ΔIC-NEΩKO-PΩN, Ο Ctastyle temple with Countermark.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 26-27mm, weight:11,37g, axis:1h,
mint: Bithynia, Nicomedia, date: ?? , ref: BMC-41,
Q-001
quadrans
049-Septimius-Severus_AE-24-xx_xxIVLxxL-SEP-SEV-xx-laureate-head-right-with-Countermark_CLI_COR_BMC-xx_Corinth_Q-001_5h_24mm_6,79gx-s~0.jpg
049p Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Corinth, AE-24, Demeter standing right,62 views049p Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Corinth, AE-24, Demeter standing right,
avers:- xxIVLxxL-SEP-SEV-xx, Laureate head right with Countermark (Yung boy head right).
revers:- CLI-COR, Demeter (?) standing right, holding sceptre (?) and patera.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 24mm, weight: 6,79g, axes: 5h,
mint: Corinth, date: 193-211 A.D., ref: ???,
Q-001
quadrans
654Hadrian_RIC841.jpg
0841 Hadrian AS Roma 134-38 AD Africa OSTROGOTHS. Uncertain king. Follis circa VI cent.20 viewsReference. very rare
RIC 841; C 147. BMC 1714. MEC I, 66 for countermark.

Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
Laureate and draped bust right; in front XLII.

Rev. AFRICA
Africa reclining left, wearing elephant-trunk, holding scorpion and cornucopia; in front, basket of corn.

12.22 gr
26 mm
6h

From the E.E. Clain-Stefanelli collection.
okidoki
Aug_and_Caesar_2_v3.jpg
1) Julius Caesar & Octavian27 viewsJulius Caesar & Octavian
AE23 of Thessalonika.

ΘΕΟΣ, laureate head of Divus Julius right, countermark on neck / ΘΕΣΣΑΛΟΝΙΚΕΩΝ, bare head of Augustus right.

RPC 1554
RM0017
Sosius
686_P_Hadrian_RPC1015.jpg
1014A BITHYNIA Koinon of Bithynia Hadrian AE 33 Octastyle temple37 viewsReference.
RPC 3, 1014A;cf SNG von Aulock-284; cf SNG Hun. 1049
S is graffito

Issue I. 7

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΙ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СΕΒΑ
Laureate head of Hadrian, right Countermark dot/S

Rev. ΚΟΙ-ΝΟΝ ΒΕΙΘΥΝΙΑС
Octastyle temple on podium; Nikes on raking cornices and on apex

25.89 gr
32 mm
7h
okidoki
Rep_AR-Den_MN-Fonteius_Heads-Dioscuri-r-in-field-PP__MN-FONTEI_countermark-F_Crawford-307-1a_Syd-566_Rome_108-07-BC_Q-001_axis-11h_19,5mm_3,31g-s.jpg
108-107 B.C., M.N.Fonteius, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 307/1a, Rome, Galley with Rostrum right, #1139 views108-107 B.C., M.N.Fonteius, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 307/1a, Rome, Galley with Rostrum right, #1
avers: Laureate conjoined heads of the Dioscuri right six-pointed star below the chin, P P in front of the face, stars above.
reverse: MNFONTEI (MN and NTE are ligated), Galley with Rostrum right, F below.
exergue:-/-//F, diameter: 19,5mm, weight: 3,31g, axis: 11h,
mint: Rome, date: 108-07 B.C., ref:Crawford 307-1a, Syd-566, Fonteia 8 var.,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
568_P_Hadrian_RIC495.jpg
1380 Hadrian, Cistophorus CARIA, Mylasa Zeus Karios standing39 viewsReference. very rare
RPC III, 1380, (this coin plate 59)Metcalf Type 42, BM-1063, C-274 (citing BM, 100 Fr.), RIC-495 (R2). Pinder 51.

Obv. HADRIANVS - AVGVSTVS P P
Head bare right.

Rev. COS - III
Zeus Karios standing front, holding spear and shield, both of which rest on ground; in front of the shield an eagle on a curving pedestal.

10.57 gr
25 mm
6h

Ex HJB 2016, Gemini III, 29 Jan. 2007, lot 373; CNG 70, 21 Sep. 2005, lot 995

Note.
Unusual image of a local Carian form of Zeus, which appears nowhere else in ancient coinage or ancient art. Very rare: only two specimens known to Metcalf. Our coin shares its obverse die with Metcalf's specimen 192, but is from a new reverse die. Apparently overstruck on a PAX cistophorus of Augustus, RPC-2203: the AX of PAX and the outline of Pax's lower body is faintly visible in reverse left field to the right of the C of COS, and above Zeus' head we can probably make out a leaf and two berries from the wreath encircling the original reverse type. The curious triangular indentation at 5 o'clock on obverse edge may be the lower corner of an IMP VES AVG countermark that had been applied to the cistophorus of Augustus and that was largely filled in when the coin was restruck for Hadrian.
1 commentsokidoki
384_P_Hadrian.JPG
1726 MYSIA, Pergamum Hadrian AE 30 Zeus standing26 viewsReference.
RPC III, 1726;

Magistrate Cl. Cephalin (to b, strategos)

Obv. ΑΥ ΚΑΙ ΝΕΡ ΤΡΑ(ΙΑ) ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС
Laureate bust right, seen from front
Countermarks.
a wreath (Howgego 480).
a helmeted bust of Athena right (Howgego 185).

Rev. ΠΕΡΓΑΜΗ ΕΠΙ СΤΡΑ ΚΛ ΚΕΦΑΛΙΩΝΟС, ΤΟ Β (in field, l.)
Zeus naked standing facing, his r. hand on his hip from which falls a drapery, holding thunderbolt in his l. hand; at his feet, r., eagle standing facing, head l., a wreath in its beak
Countermark.
Telesphoros/telesphorus (Howgego, Greek Imperial Countermarks, 267)

15.67 gr
30 mm
6h
okidoki
1792_YARMOUTH_HALFPENNY.JPG
1792 AE Halfpenny Token. Yarmouth, Norfolk.24 viewsObverse: LET YARMOUTH FLOURISH :. Coat of Arms of Yarmouth over crossed sprigs of oak. Small incuse rosette countermark in field to right of shield. The Coat of Arms combines three lion's heads from the Royal Arms with the tails of three silver herrings, believed to come from the original arms of Yarmouth.
Reverse: YARMOUTH HALFPENNY. Three masted ship sailing right; 1792, in panel below.
Edge: PAYABLE AT THE GLASS WAREHOUSE OF W. ABSOLON X .
Diameter 29mm | Die Axis 6
Dalton & Hamer: 52

This token was issued by William Absolon (1751 1815), a British ceramist who, from 1784, sold English and foreign china and glass but also later offered gilding, enameling and painting services at his shop, No 4, at the lower end of Market Row in Yarmouth.
Absolon bought in wares from the Wedgewood, Davenport, Turner and Staffordshire factories, which he then decorated. He painted dessert services with botanical subjects with the Latin name of the plant inscribed on the plate or dish and also his mark; Absolon Yarm and No 25. He also decorated Turner Ware and Cream Ware Jugs adding mottoes, such as; a Trifle from Yarmouth, or Success to the Trade. Absolon died in 1815 and although his business continued, the quality declined. Today, his work attracts high prices at auction.
*Alex
833_P_Hadrian_RPC3226~0.jpg
2 countermarks (NIKE) on CILICIA Claudiopolis Hadrian Ae 28 Howgego 262126 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3226; SNG Levante 595; Lindgren 1472
for c/ms: Howgego 262 4x Nike standing r., holding wreath, within oval incuse.
1 commentsokidoki
Augustus_Odessus_mint.jpg
2 countermarks on Augustus. Odessus mint. AE 24.167 viewsAugustus, 27 BC - 14 AD. Odessus mint. AE 24, 8.547g., 24.4mm. G. Countermarks F. Obv: obverse bare head right, two countermarks on neck, on left turreted head of Tyche right, on right laureate head of emperor (Hadrian?). Rev: cornucopia in wreath, ODHSIT. Ex. FORVM ancient coins Ref: RPC 1801. Countermarks do not appear to be listed in Howgego. RareBard Gram Okland
049n.jpg
2 Countermarks on obverse of Geta ΠCEΠT-ΓETAKA AE24282 viewsARABIA PETRAEA. Petra. Geta. 24. A.D. 198-209. Obv: (ΠCEΠT-ΓETAKA) or similar. Bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; 2 countermarks, (1) on bust, (2) behind bust. Rev: (AΔPIΠETP-AMHTPOΠ) or similar. Tyche seated left on rock, holding trophy in right hand and stele in extended left hand (?). Ref: Spijkerman 48. Axis: 360. Weight: 7.28 g. CM(1): Δ in circular punch, 5.5 mm.Howgego 801 (19 pcs). CM(2): Second application of same CM. Collection Automan.Automan
rjb_geta_01_09.jpg
20920 viewsGeta 209-12 AD
AE 26mm
Petra in Arabia
Roma seated left in distyle temple. Small countermark, male bust right, on obverse
BMC 28; countermark Howgego 126
mauseus
rjb_2013_04_05.jpg
218a38 viewsElagabalus 218-22 AD
AE 29 mm
Tyre in Phoenicia
Hexastyle temple with curved arch containing a statue of Astarte left, palm tree and murex shell flanking an altar in the foreground
BMC 393, Rouvier 2363, countermark Howgego 359
1 commentsmauseus
22066.jpg
22066 Augustus/ IMP Countermark17 viewsAugustus/Large SC
AE As. 7 BC.
Obv: CAESAR AVGVST PONT MAX TRIBVNEC POT,
bare head left
Rev: M SALVIVS OTHO III VIR AAA F F
Legend around large S C.
With IMP monogram countermark.
Mint: Rome 26.1mm 5.4g
RIC I (second edition) Augustus 431
1 commentsBlayne W
22067.jpg
22067 Augustus/CAE Countermark15 viewsAugustus/Large SC
As
Obv: CAESARAVGVSTPONT MAXTRIBVNICPOT
Bare head right.
Rev: PLVRIVSAGRIPPA IIIVIRAAAFF
Legend around large SC.
with CAE monogram countermark.
Mint: Rome 28.4mm 9.4g
RIC I (second edition) Augustus 427
Blayne W
rjb_gor3_sel_02_06.jpg
23833 viewsGordian III 238-44 AD
AE 34 mm
Seleucia ad Calycadnum in Cilicia
City goddess seated left, small shrine at feet containing magistrates (?) name
BMC 39
Countermark Howgego 670
The plate coin from Sear's Greek Imperial Coins
mauseus
rjb_2012_08_07.jpg
24416 viewsPhilip I 244-9 AD
AE 30mm
Zeugma
Obv Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right viewed from the rear, weak countermark of eagle standing right in oval applied to obverse
Rev Tetrastyle temple on top of rocky hill, buildings at base and colonnades or steps up the sides, Capricorn right below
Butcher CRS 31a, BMC 29, countermark GIC 340
mauseus
rjb_val2_04_06.jpg
253a23 viewsValerian I 253-60 AD
AE 30 mm
Sagalassus in Pisidia
Cult statue in octastyle temple
Countermark of eaglestanding facing with head turned left, wreath in beak - Howgego 335
mauseus
513_P_Hadrian_RPC_2818.JPG
2818 PISIDIA, Selge Hadrian AE 24 two styrax-trees23 viewsReference.
RPC 3, 2818; BMC 68-69

Obv. ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС ΚΑΙСΑΡ
laureate and cuirassed bust of Hadrian, r., with paludamentum, and Triskeles countermark

Rev. СΕΛ-ΓΕΩΝ
large quadrangular base on which two styrax-trees in boxes; l. and r., altar

7.42 gr
23 mm
5h
okidoki
513_P_Hadrian_RPC_2818~0.JPG
2818 PISIDIA, Selge Hadrian AE 24 two styrax-trees4 viewsReference.
RPC III, 2818; BMC 68-69; c/m Triskeles countermark

Rev. СΕΛ-ΓΕΩΝ
large quadrangular base on which two styrax-trees in boxes; l. and r., altar

7.42 gr
23 mm
6h
okidoki
240_P_Hadrian__SNG_france_2010.jpg
2820 PISIDIA, Selge Hadrian AE 20 Thunderbolt25 viewsReference.
RPC III, 2820; SNG France 2010

Obv. ΗΑΔΡΙΑΝ ΚΑΙCAP,
laureate bust right countermark Triskeles

Rev. CEΛΓΕΩΝ
thunderbolt, bow with stag heads on top.

3.87 gr
19 mm
12h
1 commentsokidoki
196.jpg
3 countermarks - A.Pius, Tyche and SAE225 viewsSYRIA: SELEUCIS & PIERIA. Laodiceia ad Mare. Trajan. 26. A.D. 114-116 (year 162 or 163 in the era of Laodiceia). Obv: (AVTOKPNEPTPAIANOCAPICTKAICCEBΓEPΔAK) or similar. Laureate head right; 3 countermarks: (1) on neck, (2) before face, (3) on head. Rev: (IOVΛIEWNTWNKAI)-ΛAO(ΔIKEWNBΞP) or sim. Turreted bust of Tyche right, uncertain inscription in field to right. Ref: BMC 40-52 (?); Sear GIC 1080(v?). Axis: 360. Weight: 8.37 g. CM(1): Laureate head of Antoninus Pius right, in oval punch, 4 x 6 mm. Howgego 113 (156 pcs). CM(2): Turreted bust of Tyche right, in oval punch, 4 x 5 mm (?). Howgego 203 ? (4 pcs). CM(3): SAE in rectangular punch, 8 x 4 mm. Howgego 572 (7 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
727_P_hadrian_RPC3228.jpg
3228 CILICIA Claudiopolis Hadrian Ae 25 Tyche standing39 viewsReference.
RPC III 3228; SNG von Aulock 5656; BMC 1; Countermark How 103. Laureate bust r

Obv: AVT KAI TPAI AΔPIANOC CЄB.
Laureate head right; Countermark female bust

Rev: KΛAVΔIOΠOΛЄITωN.
Tyche wearing kalathos standing, l., resting on rudder and holding cornucopia.

9.25 gr
25 mm
12h
okidoki
747_P_Hadrian_RPC3233var_.jpg
3233 CILICIA, Seleucia ad Calycadnum Hadrian Ae 27 Heracles standing28 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3233; SNG France 968

Issue Year 20 (K)

Obv. ΤΟ Κ ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟC ΣΕΒ Π
Laureate and cuirassed bust of Hadrian, r., with paludamentum, seen from rear.
Countermark ?

Rev. ϹΕΛΕΥΚΕΩΝ ΤΩ ΠΡ ΚΑΛΥ ΤΗϹ ΙΕΡ, ΚΑΙ ΑϹ ΑΥΤ (in field r.)
Heracles, wearing short chiton, standing, facing, head l., resting on club and lions skin.

14.22 gr
27 mm
6h
okidoki
1333_P_Hadrian_RPC3263_13.jpg
3262 CILICIA, Tarsus Hadrian Tridrachm 117-18 AD Tyche11 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3262/13; Prieur 761; M. Prieur coll.; SNG Levante 998 var. (obv. legend); SNG BN 1401; for c/m: Howgego 843.:
c/m: laureate and draped bust right of Caracalla (AMK) within oval incuse. Prieur 761 for coin & 777 for countermarked issue;

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΘΕ ΤΡΑ ΠΑΡ ΥΙ ΘΕ ΝΕΡ ΥΙ ΤΡΑΙ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟϹ ϹΕB
Laureate head of Hadrian, r.; fillet border

Rev. ΤΑΡϹΕΩΝ ΜΗΤΡΟΠΟΛΕΩϹ
Tyche of the City, turreted and veiled, seated, l., on diphros, holding palm; at her feet, river-god Kydnos, crowned with sedge swimming, right

8.74 gr
24.5 mm
12h

Note.
From the Michel Prieur Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 51 (15 September 1999), lot 951.
okidoki
1333_P_Hadrian_RPC3263_13~0.jpg
3262 CILICIA, Tarsus Hadrian Tridrachm 117-18 AD Tyche5 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3262/13; Prieur 761; M. Prieur coll.; SNG Levante 998 var. (obv. legend); SNG BN 1401; for c/m: Howgego 843.:
c/m: laureate and draped bust right of Caracalla (AMK) within oval incuse. Prieur 761 for coin & 777 for countermarked issue;

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΘΕ ΤΡΑ ΠΑΡ ΥΙ ΘΕ ΝΕΡ ΥΙ ΤΡΑΙ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟϹ ϹΕB
Laureate head of Hadrian, r.; fillet border

Rev. ΤΑΡϹΕΩΝ ΜΗΤΡΟΠΟΛΕΩϹ
Tyche of the City, turreted and veiled, seated, l., on diphros, holding palm; at her feet, river-god Kydnos, crowned with sedge swimming, right

8.74 gr
24.5 mm
12h

Note.
From the Michel Prieur Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 51 (15 September 1999), lot 951.
okidoki
779_P_Hadrian_RPC3692.JPG
3692 SYRIA Antioch. Hadrian. As AB below. Laurel-branch countermark16 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3692; SNG Copenhagen 230; McAlee 536a
Countermark Laurel-branch Howgego 378

Obv. ΑΥΤΟ ΚΑΙС Θ ΤΡ Π ΥΙ Θ ΝΕΡ ΥΙω ΤΡ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СΕΒΑС
Laureate and cuirassed bust right Countermark Laurel-branch

Rev. S C
in laurel wreath; beneath: AB

15.23 gr
27 mm
12h
okidoki
234_P_Hadrian_BMC_299.jpg
3694 SYRIA Antioch. Hadrian, As ΓΔ below.29 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3694; BMC Galatia 299, p186; McAlee 536(b)

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС Θ ΤΡ Π ΥΙ Θ ΝΕΡ ΥΙω ΤΡ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СΕΒΑС
Laureate and cuirassed bust right Countermark Laurel-branch

Rev. S C
In laurel wreath beneath ΓΔ

14.10 gr
26 mm
12h

According to Howgego, the laurel branch countermark appears as an undertype on a Bar Kochba bronze, indicating that it was applied prior to 132-5 AD.
okidoki
723_P_Hadrian_RPC3696.jpg
3696 SYRIA Antioch. Hadrian. As Єς below. 27 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3696; SNG Copenhagen 209; McAlee 536c
Countermark Laurel-branch Howgego 378

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС Θ ΤΡ Π ΥΙ Θ ΝΕΡ ΥΙω ΤΡ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СΕΒΑС
Laureate and cuirassed bust right Countermark Laurel-branch

Rev. S C
In laurel wreath beneath Єς

16.75 gr
27 mm
12h

Note.
Auktion 417 Lot 298
Sammlung Lckger
1927 bei Leo Hamburger, Frankfurt am Main.
okidoki
243_P_Hadrian_BMC_296.JPG
3699 SYRIA Antioch. Hadrian. As H below.32 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3699; BMC Galatia 296, p186; var (without countermark) McAlee 536e; for c/m: Howgego 378 ( According to Howgego, the laurel branch countermark appears as an undertype on a Bar Kochba bronze, indicating that it was applied prior to AD 132-135.)

http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/3/3699/

Obv. TP.Π . ΥΙ.ΘΝΕΡ.ΥΙω.ΤΡ.ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟCCEΒ
Laureate and cuirassed bust right, Countermark Laurel-branch

Rev. S C
In laurel wreath beneath H

15.85 gr
27 mm
12h
okidoki
agrippa cmk as.jpg
37-41 AD - AGRIPPA memorial AE dupondius - struck under Caligula (by RIC)76 viewsobv: M AGRIPPA LF COS III (head left wearing rostral crown)(with Vespasian countermark)
rev: - / S.C. (Neptune holding small dolphin in right hand & vertical trident in left)
ref: RIC58(Gaius), BMC(Tib)161
10.51gms, 28mm
Rare with this cmk

The capricorn originally a sign related to Augustus, it became a symbol of Vespasian' reign also. This countermark often attributed to Vespasian during the civil war, mostly found on eastern provincial coins. A similiar countermark exists on regular roman coinage from Claudius, likely applied in the balkan region. The emblem beneath could be variously interpreted as a plough or a globe with ships rudder, or maybe instrument. This Agrippa coin with Vespasian cmk was found in the balkan region, too. Top of the picture is the original counterstamp-mint.
berserker
athens-counter.jpeg
4 countermarks on Athens Tetradrachm185 views449-413 B.C. Attica Old style Tetradrachm

Obverse: Head of Athena right, almond shaped eye, crested helmet with olive leaves and floral scroll, hair in parallel curves. 4 countermarks across cheek.

Reverse: AOE Right, owl standing right, head facing, erect in posture, olive sprig and crescent left, all within incuse square. Test cut and counter punch, and countermark.

1 commentsDk0311USMC
akragas_cm.jpg
405 - 392 B.C.; Herakles Head Countermark. Bronze hemilitron11 viewsAkragas, Sicily, 405 - 392 B.C.; Herakles Head Countermark. Bronze hemilitron, Calciati I p. 197, 92; for undertype: Calciati I pg. 176, 42, F, countermark Fine, 20.660g, 27.5mm, obverse large round countermark of young head of Herakles; obscured undertype: eagle grasping fish; reverse, crab. Ex FORVMPodiceps
1AnastasiusI491AD.jpg
491-518 AD, Anastasius I16 viewsAe; 22mm; 7.55g

DN ANASTASIVS PP AVG
pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right

Large M, star to left, cross above, star to right, A below.
CON in exergue

(countermarked in left field at top of star, circle with star?)

SB16; Doc 20a
Robin Ayers
177.jpg
5-pointed star171 viewsSYRIA: COMMAGENE. Zeugma. Antoninus Pius. 20. A.D. 138-161. Obv: AYT(OKAITIANAΔPIANTWNEINOCCE) or similar. Laureate head right; Countermark on neck. Rev: (ZEV)-ГMA-(TWN), (A) in upper field to left (?). Tetrastyle temple, with periobolos containing grove, and having on right and left a collonade and in front a portico or panelled wall of two stories. Ref: BMC 1 (obv. or sim.)/2 (rev.; var. leg. breaks, though). Axis: 360. Weight: 6.03 g. Note: The meaning of the numerals on the reverse is not known, but may indicate issue. CM: 5-pointed star, in roughly square punch with rounded corners, 4 mm. Howgego 453 var. (32 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
089n.jpg
5-pointed star in shaped punch189 viewsSYRIA: COMMAGENE. Zeugma. Antoninus Pius. 20. A.D. 138-161. Obv: (AYTOKAITIAAΔ)PIA.-AN(TWNINOCCEB...) or similar. Laureate head right; countermark on neck. Rev: ZEY-ΓMA-TEWN, A above to left. Tetrastyle temple, with periobolos containing grove, and having on right and left a colonnade and in front a portico or panelled wall of two stories. Ref: BMC 1 (obv)/2 (rev). Axis: 360. Weight: 8.37 g. Note: The meaning of the numerals on the reverse is not known, but may indicate issue. CM: 5-pointed star in shaped punch, 5 mm from point to point. Howgego 453 (32 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
753_P_Hadrian_RPC607.JPG
607 MACEDONIA Pella, AE 26 Pan seated left17 viewsReference
RPC III, 607; Varbanov III 3714; BMC 33; AMNG 30

Obv. IMP CAESAR TRA HADRIANVS AVG COS P P
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., with drapery on l. shoulder (countermarked head right)

Rev. COL IVL AVG PELL
Pan, naked, seated l. on rock, his r. hand raised to head, left arm resting on syrinx.

9.83 gr
26 mm
12h
okidoki
753_P_Hadrian_RPC607~0.JPG
607 MACEDONIA Pella, AE 26 Pan seated left9 viewsReference
RPC III, 607; Varbanov III 3714; BMC 33; AMNG 30

Obv. IMP CAESAR TRA HADRIANVS AVG COS P P
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., with drapery on l. shoulder (countermarked head right)

Rev. COL IVL AVG PELL
Pan, naked, seated l. on rock, his r. hand raised to head, left arm resting on syrinx.

9.83 gr
26 mm
12h
1 commentsokidoki
Constans II.jpg
641-668 Constans II - follis from Constantinople37 viewsProbably minted in Constantinople. Circular countermark with christogram on reverse.Ginolerhino
TiberiusHierapolis.jpg
703b, Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Hierapolis, Phrygia107 viewsBronze AE 16, RPC I 2966 (1 specimen), F, Phrygia, Hierapolis, 3.300g, 15.6mm, 0o; Obverse: TIBEPIOC KAISAR, laureate head right; Reverse: IERAPOLEITWN ZOSIMOS [...], Apollo Archegetes (Lairbenos) standing left, playing lyre; reverse countermarked with star of six rays, in oval punch, 2.5 x 3.5 mm, Howgego 445 (3 pcs, 1 of which from this magistrate); dark patina; very rare. Ex FORVM.

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

TIBERIUS (A.D. 14-37)

Garrett G. Fagan
Pennsylvania State University

The reign of Tiberius Claudius Nero (b. 42 B.C., d. A.D. 37, emperor A.D. 14-37) is a particularly important one for the Principate, since it was the first occasion when the powers designed for Augustus alone were exercised by somebody else. In contrast to the approachable and tactful Augustus, Tiberius emerges from the sources as an enigmatic and darkly complex figure, intelligent and cunning, but given to bouts of severe depression and dark moods that had a great impact on his political career as well as his personal relationships. His reign abounds in contradictions. Despite his keen intelligence, he allowed himself to come under the influence of unscrupulous men who, as much as any actions of his own, ensured that Tiberius's posthumous reputation would be unfavorable; despite his vast military experience, he oversaw the conquest of no new region for the empire; and despite his administrative abilities he showed such reluctance in running the state as to retire entirely from Rome and live out his last years in isolation on the island of Capri. His reign represents, as it were, the adolescence of the Principate as an institution. Like any adolescence, it proved a difficult time.

. . . .

It is all but inevitable that any historical assessment of Tiberius will quickly devolve into a historiographical assessment of Tacitus. So masterful is Tacitus's portrayal of his subject, and so influential has it been ever since, that in all modern treatments of Tiberius, in attempting to get at the man, must address the issue of Tacitus's historiographical methods, his sources, and his rhetoric. The subject is too vast to address here, but some points are salient. Tacitus's methods, especially his use of innuendo and inference to convey notions that are essentially editorial glosses, makes taking his portrayal of Tiberius at face value inadvisable. Further, his belief in the immutable character of people -- that one's character is innate at birth and cannot be changed, although it can be disguised -- prevents him from investigating the possibility that Tiberius evolved and developed over his lifetime and during his reign. Instead, Tacitus's portrayal is one of peeling back layers of dissimulation to reach the "real" Tiberius lurking underneath.

Overall, Tiberius's reign can be said to show the boons and banes of rule by one man, especially a man as dark, awkward, and isolated as Tiberius. For the people of the provinces, it was a peaceful and well-ordered time. Governors behaved themselves, and there were no destructive or expensive wars. In the domestic sphere, however, the concentration of power in one person made all the greater the threat of misbehavior by ambitious satellites like Sejanus or foolish friends like Piso. Furthermore, if the emperor wished to remain aloof from the mechanics of power, he could do so. Administrators, who depended on him for their directions, could operate without his immediate supervision, but their dealings with a man like Sejanus could lead to disaster if that man fell from grace. As a result, although he was not a tyrant himself, Tiberius's reign sporadically descended into tyranny of the worst sort. In the right climate of paranoia and suspicion, widespread denunciation led to the deaths of dozens of Senators and equestrians, as well as numerous members of the imperial house. In this sense, the reign of Tiberius decisively ended the Augustan illusion of "the Republic Restored" and shone some light into the future of the Principate, revealing that which was both promising and terrifying.

[For the complete article please refer to http://www.roman-emperors.org/tiberius.htm]

By Garrett G. Fagan, Pennsylvania State University.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.


Hierapolis in History

Usually said to be founded by Eumenes II, king of Pergamum (197-159 BC), Hierapolis may actually have been established closer to the 4th century BC by the Seleucid kings.

The name of the city may derive from Hiera, the wife of Telephus (son of Hercules and grandson of Zeus), the mythical founder of Pergamum. Or it may have been called the "sacred city" because of the temples located at the site. (The name Pamukkale is sometimes used just to refer to the white terraces, but the modern name of the whole area is also Pamukkale.)

With Colossae and Laodicea, Hierapolis became part of the tri-city area of the Lycus River valley. Hierapolis was located across the river from the other two cities and was noted for its textiles, especially wool. The city was also famous for its purple dye, made from the juice of the madder root.

The hot springs at Hierapolis (which still attract visitors today) were believed to have healing properties, and people came to the city to bathe in the rich mineral waters in order to cure various ailments.

Hierapolis was dedicated to Apollo Lairbenos, who was said to have founded the city. The Temple of Apollo that survives in ruins today dates from the 3rd century AD, but its foundations date from the Hellenistic period.

Also worshipped at Hierapolis was Pluto, god of the underworld, probably in relation to the hot gases released by the earth (see the Plutonium, below). The chief religious festival of ancient Hierapolis was the Letoia, in honor of the the goddess Leto, a Greek form of the Mother Goddess. The goddess was honoured with orgiastic rites.

Hierapolis was ceded to Rome in 133 BC along with the rest of the Pergamene kingdom, and became part of the Roman province of Asia. The city was destroyed by an earthquake in 60 AD but rebuilt, and it reached its peak in the 2nd and 3rd centuries AD.

Famous natives of Hierapolis include the Stoic philosopher Epictetus (c.55-c.135 AD) and the philosopher and rhetorician Antipater. Emperor Septimus hired Antipater to tutor his sons Caracalla and Geta, who became emperors themselves.

Hierapolis had a significant Jewish population in ancient times, as evidence by numerous inscriptions on tombs and elsewhere in the city. Some of the Jews are named as members of the various craft guilds of the city. This was probably the basis for the Christian conversion of some residents of Hierapolis, recorded in Colossians 4:13.

In the 5th century, several churches as well as a large martyrium dedicated to St. Philip (see "In the Bible," below) were built in Hierapolis. The city fell into decline in the 6th century, and the site became partially submerged under water and deposits of travertine. It was finally abandoned in 1334 after an earthquake. Excavations began to uncover Hierapolis in the 19th century.

Hierapolis in the Bible

Hierapolis is mentioned only once in the Bible, when St. Paul praises Epaphras, a Christian from Colossae, in his letter to the Colossians. Paul writes that Epaphras "has worked hard for you and for those in Laodicea and in Hierapolis" (Colossians 4:12-13). Epaphras was probably the founder of the Christian community at Hierapolis.

Ancient tradition also associates Hierapolis with a biblical figure, reporting that Philip died in Hierapolis around 80 AD. However, it is not clear which Philip is menat. It could be Philip the Apostle, one of the original 12 disciples, who is said to have been martyred by upside-down crucifixion (Acts of Philip) or by being hung upside down by his ankles from a tree.

Or Philip could be Philip the Evangelist, a later disciple who helped with administrative matters and had four virgin-prophetess daughters (Acts 6:1-7; 21:8-9). Early traditions say this Philip was buried in Hierapolis along with his virgin daughters, but confusingly call him "Philip the Apostle"! In any case, it seems a prominent person mentioned in Acts did die in Hierapolis.
http://www.sacred-destinations.com/turkey/hierapolis-pamukkale.htm

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
218.jpg
A in rectangular punch146 viewsSAMARIA. Neapolis. Elagabalus. 22. A.D. 218-222. Obv: AVTKMAVPA-NTWNINOC. Laureade, draped and cuirassed bust right; countermark on neck. Rev: (ΦΛNEACΠOΛCVPΠAΛ). Mt. Gerzim, consisting of two rocky masses; the left surmounted by temple approached by stairway; the right has altar on summit. Ref: BMC 95; Sear GIC 3122. Axis: 30. Weight: 11.38 g. CM: A in rectangular punch, 2 x 3 mm. Howgego 666 (37 pcs). Note: The "A" may stand for (Severus) Alexander. Collection Automan.Automan
202.jpg
AΔP150 viewsSYRIA: COELE SYRIA. Leucas. Macrinus. 26. A.D. 217 (year 254). Obv: (AVK)OΠEMA-KPEINOCCE. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; countermark on neck. Rev: (Λ)EV(KAΔIΩN), Δ N C in ex. Emperor (?) in quadriga facing. Ref: SNG Switzerland 2174 (var. obv. bust); Lindgren 2187 (?). Axis: 360. Weight: 16.84 g. CM: AΔP in rectangular punch, 5.5 x 3 mm. Howgego 511 (12 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
201.jpg
AΔP130 viewsSYRIA: COELE SYRIA. Leucas. Macrinus. 27. A.D. 217 (year 254). Obv: (AV)KOΠEMA-KPEINO(CCE). Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; countermark behind. Rev: ΛE-VKAΔIΩN, (Δ N C) in ex. Emperor (?) in quadriga, galloping right. Ref: Sear GIC 2956. Axis: 360. Veight: 15.97 g. CM: AΔP in rectangular punch, 5.5 x 3 mm. Howgego 511 (12 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
200.jpg
AΔP166 viewsSYRIA: COELE SYRIA. Leucas. Trajan. 20. A.D. 102/103 (year 55). Obv: AYKAINEP-TRAIA(NOCΔAK...) or sim.Laur. head right; CM on neck. Rev: (ΛEYKAΔIWN)-KΛAYΔIEWN, EN in field. Emperor, hld. sceptre, in quadriga galloping right. Ref: BMC 3; Sear GIC 1082. Axis: 30. Weight: 6.52 g. CM: AΔP in rectangular punch, 5.5 x 3 mm. Howgego 511 (12 pcs). Note: Interestingly, no coins countermarks "AΔP" are also countermarked "ΔAK". "ΔAK" is clearly the more common of the two countermarks. The meaning of "AΔP" is uncertain. There are also coins of Macrinus from Leucas countermarked "AΔP", and Howgego therefore argues that it cannot refer to Hadrian. It seems odd, though, that issues of Trajan and Macrinus (but NONE of intervening emperors) should have been countermarked at the same time. If this really were the case, one would expect coins of Trajan to be heavily worn, which is not the case. Collection Automan.Automan
TrajanLeucas.jpg
AΔP on Trajan AE21259 viewsTrajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Leucas, Coele-Syria
9239. Bronze AE 21, SGI 1082, F, 7.73g, 21.1mm, 0o, Leucas ad Chrysoroas mint, 102/103 A.D.; obverse AY KAI NEP TPAIANOC [ ... ], laureate head right, countermarked; reverse LEIKADIWN KLAYDIEWN, Trajan, holding scepter, in galloping quadriga right; date EN (year 55 of the Era of Leucas = 102/103 A.D.); $90.00
The obverse countermark appears to read ADR, Emperor Hadrian; however a nearly identical mark has been interpreted as DeltaAK, Trajan's title Dacius.
1 commentswhitetd49
abdera_cm.jpg
Abdera, Ptolemy III/ griffin; countermark48 viewsAbdera , 281 - 200 BC 22. 5.2g. Svoronos 929, Lindgren 740, SNG Cop 380, RPC II -, BMC Thrace -, AMNG II -, Abdera mint; obverse head of Ptolemy III right, circular countermark of a club; reverse ΑΒΔΗ−ΠΙΤΩΝ, griffin recumbent to left, star and pellet before. SNG Copenhagen speculates the kings depicted on this series are Ptolemy III, IV, or V.Podiceps
01_Xerxes.jpg
Achaemenid Empire18 viewsAR Siglos, 486 - 420 B.C., Lydia, Sardis(?), 15.9mm, 5.35g, 0, Carradice Type IIIb A/B.
Obv: Great King advancing right, holding bow and scepter; countermark at elbow.
Rev: Incuse punch.
Marti Vltori
Persia.jpg
Achaemenid Empire - AR siglos7 viewsSardis
times of Artaxerxes I and Dareios II
455-420? BC
hero or king holding bow and dagger right
incuse square
crescent countermark
Carradice type IV (early) A
5,09g
Johny SYSEL
Screenshot_2018-10-01_13_36_49.png
Achaemenid Kingdom, West Asia Minor, Artaxerxes II - Darius III, AR Siglos.12 viewsLydia 375-336 B.C. 5.47g - 14.8mm.

Obv: Persian king or hero in kneeling-running stance right, three annulets on breast of kandys, holding dagger and bow, quiver with arrows over shoulder. Back to back crescent ountermark on the left.

Rev: Irregular incuse punch mark.

Carradice type IV (late) C: Carradice plate XV, 46 ff.; BMC Arabia p. 171, 172 ff., pl. XXVII, 18 - 19; BMC 42 Countermark.

Christian Scarlioli
pergamon_owl_cm.jpg
AE 19.2; Asklepios/ Serpent around omphalos; countermark: owl34 viewsPergamum, Mysia, 133 B.C. Augustus. AE 19.2mm, 4.85g. Head of Asklepios laureate r. / ΑΣΚΛΗΠΙΟΥ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ Serpent around omphalos; countermark, owl. BMC 129, 161. Ex Gerhard RohdePodiceps
sb_1007wmomo.jpg
AE follis Constans II SB 100722 viewsObverse: ENTOTO NIKA Contans, long beard (noted on r side of face) stg. facing, wearing crown and chlamys, and holding long cross and gl. cr.
Reverse: Large M between ANA and NEOG officina B below M, regnal yr X(?) below.
Mint: Constantinople
Date:650-6CE
Sear 1007 with countermark covering the rest of the regnal yrs after X.
14/19mm 2.85
wileyc
IMG_4487-horz.jpg
Ae Pergamon with countermark Owl on the amphora22 viewsAe, Pergamon,
Obv: head of Zeus right
Rev: [ΑΣΚΛΗΠΙΟΥ ΣΩ]ΤΗΡΟΣ, serpent, countermark of Koinon (Galatia): Owl on the amphora
Diameter: 19mm
Weight: 9,15g
3 commentsTomasz P
Jeton_AE-_Q-016_18mm_2,24g-s.jpg
AE-Jeton, Radiate head right, Single sided, Howgego 30,99 viewsAE-Jeton, Radiate head right, Single sided, Howgego 30,
avers: Radiate head right, before the face "KOTI", belowe the neck another radiated head, looking like double stike..
revers: Single sided,
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,24g, axis: h,
mint: , date: A.D., ref: Howgego #30 ,
Q-001
"KOTI before laureate bust right (Antonine emperor?) Applied twice on one example
(countermark applied at Cotiaeum, where one was found).
W.H. Waddington, Voyage en Asie-Mineure au point de vue numismatique, 1853, p.21,
1= P.Waddington 5880; P.876 (countermark applied twice).
All the coin are worn flat. One of a group of countermarks bearing the name of a city
which were applied such 'blanks' "
quadrans
Jeton_AE-_Q-015_23-24mm_3,79g-s.jpg
AE-Jeton, Two Nemeses facing each other, two countermark, Howgego # 225, and Howgego # 560, Single sided, 67 viewsAE-Jeton, Two Nemeses facing each other, two countermark, Howgego # 225, and Howgego # 560, Single sided,
avers: Two Nemeses countermark reads: CMYR and is listed by Howgego #225. (applied at Smyrna?).
The other countermark, is CAP/Γ and would thus indicate that the countermark has been applied in Sardes (Howgego # 560) and that the coin was valued three assaria
(not sure that the actual currency in Sardes would have included the assarion as a denomination, could be another denomination).
revers: Single sided,
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 23-24mm, weight: 3,79g, axis: h,
mint: , date: A.D., ref: Howgego # 225, and Howgego # 560,
Q-001
quadrans
pergamon_cm_bulls.jpg
AE17.9mm, helmeted head of Athena left, cm/ two confronted bull heads8 viewsPergamon, Mysia, c. 300 - 284 B.C. Bronze AE 17, SGCV II 3956, F, Pergamon mint, 3.820g, 17.9mm, 270o, obverse helmeted head of Athena left, wreathed with olive, round countermark in center; reverse, two confronted bull heads, PERG below; nice sea-green patina. Ex FORVMPodiceps
pergamon_cm.jpg
AE20; Asklepios/ snake, oval countermark24 viewsPergamon, Mysia, c. 133 - 16 B.C. Bronze AE 20, BMC Mysia p. 129, 158, F, Pergamon mint, 6.618g, 19.7mm, 0o, c. 133 - 16 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Asklepios right; reverse ASKLHPIOU / SWTHROS, snake coiled around omphalos, oval countermark. ex FORVMPodiceps
Aegina_stater.jpg
Aegina stater47 views16x20 mm, 11.38 g
obv: Sea turtle with pellets on back and countermark (female head right)
rev: incuse square divided into five triangles.
1 commentsareich
Aeolis_aegae_2.PNG
Aeolis Aegae AE18 2nd-1st cent. BC5 viewsAeolis Aegae AE18 2nd-1st cent. BC

Obverse: Helmeted head of Athena right, owl countermark on helmet
Reverse: Zeus advancing left, holding eagle and sceptre

Size: 18.01 mm Weight: 7.8 grams
Macedonian Warrior
12187643_1022107541145388_3508276178395110819_n.jpg
Aeolis, Aegae AE17. 2nd - 1st Century BC. 15 viewsLaureate head of Apollo right [c/m eagle with spread wings in round countermark] / AIGAEWN, goat standing right. BMC 10, SNG Cop 10.
17mm, 3,8 gr.
Antonivs Protti
aigai_apollo_goat_lyre_cm.jpg
Aigai, Aeolis, AE 16.8, Bust of Athena r. cm lyre/ ΑΙΓΑΕΩΝ 
goat standing right29 viewsAIOLIS. Aigai. 2nd-1st century B.C. 16.8mm, 3.85g. Head of Apollo laureate r.; countermark: Lyra 
ΑΙΓΑΕΩΝ 
Goat standing r.
 BMC 96, 10. Ex Gerhard Rohde,Podiceps
Aigeai.jpg
Aigeai, Cilicia c. 164 - 130 B.C.17 viewsAigeai, Cilicia c. 164 - 130 B.C. AE19.6 - 21mm. Weight 5.65g. Aigeai mint. Obv: Turreted head of Tyche right, countermark left. Rev: ΑΙΓΕΑΙΩΝ, bridled horses head left. Monogram lower left. Sear #5513, SNG Levante 1634 var (monogram), SNG Cop 28 var (same), SNG BnF 2281 ff. var (same), SNG Pflzer 31 ff. var (same), SNGvA 5441 var (same)ddwau
kyme_CM.jpg
AIOLIS, KYME--COUNTERMARKED48 viewsca 3rd - 2nd Century BC
AE 19.5 mm 6.37 g
O: Head of the Amazon Kyme right in taenia and earring - countermark on lower side of head.
R: KU[MAI-WN]- horse prancing right, one-handled cup below; magistrate PUQAS
cf BMC 67-68; SNGvA 1635; SNG Cop. 102
laney
Alexander_III_Ae_Asia~0.jpg
Alexander III - AE 197 viewsAsia Minor
323-310 BC
head of young Heracles in lionskin right
bow in quiver and club; torch
BAΣIΛEΩΣ
Price 2800
5,38g

countermark
Johny SYSEL
Alexander_III_-_countermark.jpg
Alexander III - AR drachm17 viewsmint ?
323-200 BC ?
head of young Heracles in lionskin right
countermark: Kalchedon ? - head of Demeter ?, bee below, (KA) right
Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter
AΛEΞANΔPOY
zum Gegenstempel vgl. Price, Alexander, S. 69
probably same as: http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-10207
ex Sol numismatic
Johny SYSEL
Alexander_AE20.jpg
Alexander III, AE2094 views20mm, 5.43g
obv: head of Alexander as Heracles right
rev: BAΣIΛEOΣ between club and bow in bow case, below, racing torch
countermark (helmet left?)
3 commentsareich
Alexander_AE20~0.jpg
Alexander III, AE2082 viewsuncertain mint in Asia minor, ca. 323-310 BC
20mm, 4.72g
obv: head of Alexander as Herakles right
rev: BAΣIΛEOΣ between club and bow in bow case, below, racing torch
countermark (lion's head)
Price 2800
3 commentsareich
1376_Alexander_Severus_Caesarea2.jpg
Alexander Severus - Caesarea7 views224-225 AD
laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; countermark - radiate head of Helios-Genius Argaeei
AV K CEOV__AΛEΞAN
Mount Argaeus agalma, wreath above
(MH)TPO__KAIC / ET Δ
Volume VI, № 6784, S 555; SM 556b corr.; countermark: GIC 12
Johny SYSEL
Alexander_Tet_Phaselis.jpg
Alexander, Tet, Phaselis24 viewsPhaselis
33 mm, 16.63 g
obv: head of Herakles wearing lion skin right
rev: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ; Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter, C over Φ to left, anchor countermark to right

areich
alex_troas.jpg
Alexandria, Troas, AE16; Apollo/ Horse feeding r.; Obv cm lyre6 viewsTroas, Alexandria, 300 B.C. 16.3mm, 4.19g. Head of Apollo laureate r.; countermark: lyre, ΑΛΕΞΑΝHorse feeding r., below, monogram. BMC 9, 5. Ex Gerhard RohdePodiceps
Copy_(1)_of_ag2c~0.jpg
AN countermark in rectangle punch.82 viewsCopper as, RIC Caligula 58, BMC II 161, SRCV I 556, Rome mint, 10.2 g, 27.6 mm diam.
Obverse - M AGRIPPA L F COS II. Head left wearing a rostral crown.
Reverse - S - C . Neptune standing left, dolphin in right, trident vertical behind in left. A N in rectangle Counter mark above left.
Military commander, Friend of Augustus, Grandfather of Caligula, Great-grandfather of Nero.
NORMAN K
Anastasius_Sear_17XP.jpg
Anastasius I, SBCV 1712 viewsDN ANASTASIUS PP AVG
Diademed, draped bust right
Large M, Cross above, star left, Chi-Rho countermark below
CON in ex.
Constantinople
AE follis - small module, 24mm, 7.61g
novacystis
Com_Anchialos_cae_serv_city_gate_amng_442.jpg
Anchialus Commodus Caecilius Servilianus City gate35 viewsCommodus

Governor Caecilius Servilianus (perhaps 186 AD; Stein)

AE29 13.45g

AV ∙ KAI Λ ∙ AVP | KOMOΔOC
Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right

HΓ ∙ KAI | CEPOVIΛI | ANOV
Ex: AΓXIAΛEΩN

City gate with 2 towers and a gallery of 6 arches

AMNG II 442 (not depicted); cf. Varbanov (E) II 125 (depicted); Mionnet -; BMC ; RPC online-

2 countermarks on obverse. Howgego 183 (Athena helmed right) and 534 (ΔX)

rennrad12020
23175q00~0.jpg
Anchor120 viewsTitus and Domitian, 79-81 A.D.
Germe, Lydia
Bronze AE 16
F, 3.038g, 17.3mm, 0*, RPC 930, SNG Cop 135, BMC Lydia -

obv. AYTO KAI CEBAC, Laureate head if Titus right
rev. AYTO KAI CEBAC, Laureate head of Domitian right

Each side countermarked with uncertain object within round punch. One probably an anchor.
randy h2
SidePamphylia.jpg
Anchor, Seleukid type277 viewsSide, Pamphylia, Asia Minor, 333 - 187 B.C.
10094. Silver tetradrachm, S 5432 var, VF, 16.2g, 29mm, 0o, obverse head of Athena right in a crested Corinthian helmet, countermarked with a Seleukid type anchor; reverse Nike advancing left holding wreath, pomegranate in left field, KL-E below (magistrates name); sold.
1 commentswhitetd49
ANTIGONOS_GONATAS.jpg
ANTIGONOS GONATAS, King of Macedonia AE 1915 viewsOBVERSE: Head of Athena right in crested Corinthian helmet
REVERSE: BA above, ANTI monogram below, Pan advancing right, erecting trophy
Struck at Macedonia, 277-239 BC
4.58g, 19mm
Lindgren III, 105, Sear #6786 (var)
Countermarked on obverse
Legatus
cleo.jpg
Antioch ad Orontes, Semi-Autonomous21 viewsAE23, 10.77g, 12h, Denomination A; Antioch: after 47 BC
Obv.: Laureate head of Zeus right; countermark of Cleopatra VII.
Rev.: ‭[‬A]NTIOΣEΩN‭ [‬ME]TPOΠOΛ[EΩΣ‭]; Zeus seated left, holding Nike and scepter, thunderbolt above.
Reference: Butcher 20, SNG Cop 80
Notes: The attribution of the countermark to Cleopatra is conjectural, but seems to jibe with the historical and numismatic evidence.
John Anthony
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Antioch c. 47 - 41 B.C. Cleopatra Countermark. AE 10 viewsAntioch c. 47 - 41 B.C., Roman Provincial Syria, Cleopatra Countermark. AE , SGCV 5855 - 5856; RPC 4218 ff., Coin and countermark F, Antioch mint, , c. 47 - 41 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right, countermarked; reverse ANTIOCEWN THS MHTROPOLEWS, Zeus enthroned left holding Nike and scepter. jimbomar
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Antioch c. 47 - 41 B.C., Apollo or Cleopatra Countermark. AE 2438 viewsAntioch c. 47 - 41 B.C., Roman Provincial Syria, Apollo or Cleopatra Countermark. Bronze AE 24, SGCV 5855 - 5856; RPC 4218 ff., Coin and countermark F, Antioch mint, 11.012g, 23.7mm, 180o, c. 47 - 41 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right, countermarked; reverse ANTIOCEWN THS MHTROPOLEWS, Zeus enthroned left holding Nike and scepter, uncertain date in ex; brown patina. Ex FORVMPodiceps
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Antioch c. 47 - 41 B.C., Roman Provincial Syria, Apollo or Cleopatra Countermark. AE 2411 viewsAntioch c. 47 - 41 B.C., Roman Provincial Syria, Apollo or Cleopatra Countermark. Bronze AE 24, SGCV 5855 - 5856; RPC 4218 ff., coin and countermark VG, Antioch mint, 11.797g, 24.4mm, 0o, c. 47 - 41 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right, countermarked; reverse ΑΝΤΙΟΧΕΩΝ ΤΗΣ ΜΗΤΡΟΠΟΛΕΩΣ, Zeus enthroned left holding Nike and scepter, uncertain date in ex; brown patina. RPC notes this countermark as "Head of Apollo" but it may be Cleopatra. The bun behind the head and the piece of hair dangling behind the neck are similar to portraits of Cleopatra on bronze coins from Chalkis and Cyprus and tetradrachms from Syria. Perhaps it was countermarked by the mint that struck the Cleopatra / Antony tetradrachms. Ex FORVMPodiceps
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ANTIOCHA AD ORONTEM - SYRIA53 views"Star of Bethlehem" bronze of Antioch
Anonymous Issue under Nero, AE Small Denomination, 56/57 (Caesarean Year 105), Syria: Seleucis and Pieria-Antiochia ad Orontem ANTIOXEWN - Veiled, turreted head of Tyche right, countermark of star (of Bethlehem?) in left field - EPIKOUADRATOU Ram leaping right, looking back, star and crescent above
ET EP in exergue 16mm. Butcher Antioch 121; SNG Copenhagen 101
Michael Molnar, an astronomer, believes this coin depicts Jupiter's occultation of Aries in 6 B.C., the most probable "Star of Bethlehem."
dpaul7
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Antiochos II 261-246 BC13 viewsAntiochos II 261-246 BC Ae 19mm. Weight 8.18g. Obv: Helmeted bust of Athena right. Rev: Nike standing left, with anchor countermark. SNG Cop 118ddwau
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Antiochus I 280 - 261 B.C.12 viewsAntiochus I, 280 - 261 B.C. Antioch on the Orontes mint, 5.23g. 19.1~19.8mm. Obv: Laureate head of Zeus right. Rev: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOΥ, thunderbolt and club above, jawbone in ex, all within dotted border. Anchor countermark. Newell WSM 949, Houghton Col. 23, SNG Spaer 194.ddwau
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Antiochus I Soter, 281 - 261 B.C.12 viewsAntiochus I Soter, 281 - 261 B.C. Ae 16.9~18.4mm. 4.45g. Obv: Smyrna or Sardes mint. Helmeted bust of Athena facing. Rev: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΤΙΟΧΟΥ, Nike advancing left, holding wreath & palm; monogram in outer left field, countermarked - winged helmet with face plates. SNGIs 233, Newell, WSM 1370, SNG Cop 77.ddwau
Antiochus_I~3.jpg
Antiochus I Soter, 281 - 261 B.C.13 viewsAntiochus I Soter, 281 - 261 B.C. Ae 13.5~15.2mm. 1.99g. Obv: Smyrna or Sardes mint. Helmeted bust of Athena facing. Rev: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΤΙΟΧΟΥ, Nike advancing left, holding wreath & palm; monogram in outer left field, countermarked - winged helmet with face plates. SNGIs 233, Newell, WSM 1370, SNG Cop 77.ddwau
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Antiochus III 223-187 B.C.14 viewsSeleukid Kingdom, Antiochus III, 223-187 BC, e 19.9~20.8mm. 10.18g. Antioch Mint. OBV: Laureate head of Apollo r. REV: Elephant r. surmounted by mahout, tripod behind. Countermark, horse head in square punch. Houghton 76.ddwau
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Antoninus Pius (head of)187 viewsSYRIA: SELEUCIS & PIERIA. Laodiceia ad Mare. Antoninus Pius. 25. A.D. 142/143 (year 190 (?) in the era of Laodiceia). Obv: (AVTOKAITIAIΛIAΔPIA)-NTΩNEIN(ONC) or similar. Laureate head left (possibly draped and cuirassed bust); countermark on neck. Rev: (IOVΛIE)ΩNTΩN-KAIΛAOΔIK(EΩN). Turreted bust of Tyche left, inscription in field to left (?), in field to right ΓP (?). Ref: BMC 67-69 (?); Sear 1497v. Axis:360. Weigth: 9.71 g. CM: Laureate head of Antoninus Pius right, in oval punch, 4 x 6 mm. Howgego 113 (156 pcs). Note: Since the head is that of A. Pius and the latest countermarked coins were struck in A.D. 143/4, the countermarking can be dated to A.D. 143/4-161. Collection Automan.Automan
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Antoninus Pius (head of)190 viewsSYRIA: SELEUCIS & PIERIA. Laodiceia ad Mare. Trajan. 25. A.D. 114-116 (year 162 or 163 in the era of Laodiceia). Obv: (AVTOKPNEPTPAI)ANOCAPICTKAI(CCEBΓEPΔAK) or similar. Laureate head right; countermark below chin. Rev: (IOVΛIEWNTW)NKAI-ΛAOΔ(IKEWNBΞP) or similar. Turreted bust of Tyche right, uncertain inscription in field to right. Ref: BMC 40-52 (?); Sear GIC 1080(v?). Axis: 30. Weight: 7.64 g. CM: Laureate head of Antoninus Pius right, in oval punch, 4 x 6 mm. Howgego 113 (156 pcs). Note: Since the head is that of A. Pius and the latest countermarked coins were struck in A.D. 143/4, the countermarking can be dated to A.D. 143/4-161. Collection Automan.Automan
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Antoninus Pius (head of)198 viewsSYRIA: SELEUCIS & PIERIA. Laodiceia ad Mare. Antoninus Pius. 25. A.D. 140/141 (year 188 in the era of Laodiceia). Obv: (AVTOKAITIAIΛIAΔPIA-NTΩNEINONC) or similar. Laureate head left; countermark on neck. Rev: IOVΛ(IE)WNTWN(K)-AIΛAOΔIKEWN, KO in field to left, HΠP in field to right. Turreted and draped bust of Tyche left. Ref: BMC 64 (?); Sear GIC 1497. Axis: 330. Weight: 9.77 g. CM: Laureate head of Antoninus Pius right, in oval punch, 4 x 5.5 mm. Howgego 113 (156 pcs). Note: Since the head is that of A. Pius and the latest countermarked coins were struck in A.D. 143/4, the countermarking can be dated to A.D. 143/4-161. Collection Automan.1 commentsAutoman
Antoninus Pius - Corinth.JPG
Antoninus Pius - Corinth17 viewsCORINTHIA, Corinth
Antoninus Pius. 26. A.D. 138-161.
Obverse : (ANTONI)NVS -(AVGPIVS). Laureate head right; Countermark before face.
Reverse: (CLI)-C-OR. Nike moving right.
26mm, 10.49 g.
CM: Laureate bust right, in oval punch, 5 x 6 mm. Howgego 56 (89 pcs). Likely applied after circa A.D. 205. The vast majority of coins bearing this countermark are from Corinth
Jerome Holderman
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Antoninus Pius,19 viewsLaodicea ad Mare mint, Antoninus Pius, 138-161 A.D. AE, 25mm 10.25g, SNGCop 351, BMC Galatia, etc. pg. 254, 57ff
O: ANTONЄINOC CEB, laureate head right; uncertain countermark at neck (the wildwinds example also has a countermark at the neck, but also as uncertain and in a different position)
R: IOVΛIEΩN TΩN KAI ΛAOΔIKEΩN, Turreted and draped bust of Tyche right; Θ to right
casata137ec
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AP Monogram262 viewsPtolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy II, Philadelphos, 285 - 246 B.C.
10785. Silver tetradrachm, Svoronos 714, SNG Cop 506-507, aVF, 14.08g, 26.5mm, 0o, Phoenicia, Sidon mint, obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I right wearing aegis, small D behind ear; reverse PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, SI left, AP countermark right; slightly frosty; $125.00
whitetd49
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Aphrodite (standing figure of)221 viewsLYDIA. Tralles. Tranquillina. 30. A.D. 241-244. Obv: ΦOY.CAB.T-PANKYΛΛINA. Draped bust right; countermark on lower front part of bust Rev: ()ΩNΠ ()I.KΛ.ΦIΛIΠΠON.KENTA(). Inscription around oak-wreath; inside wreath TPAΛΛIA-ΠYθIA on either side of tripod, which is encircled by serpent . Ref: BMC -. Axis: 165. Weight: 12.40 g. Note: Unpublished? CM: Cult statue of Aphrodite right, in oval punch, 6 x 8 mm. Howgego 228 (16 pcs). Note: The countermark of this coin was applied at Aphrodisias in Caria, where only foreign coins were countermarked to make them valid in that city. Collection Automan. Automan
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Apollonia Pontica Topalov 63 - Bronze Tetrachalk; Topalov 73 - with solar symbol countermark171 views350 B.C.
3.95 gm, 16.5-19 mm.
Obv.: Apollo seated left on omphalos, right hand resting on bow, left on omphalos
Round solar symbol countermark over Apollo's left hand
Rev.: Anchor; A and A[KOYΣY/]ΛEΩΣ (magistrate's name partially flattened by countermark blow on opposite side) to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p.414, 1; p.600, 63
D. Sear, Greek coins and their values, Vol. 1, p. 165, 1658,
BMC Mysia Apollonia ad Rhyndacum, p. 10, 17 var (magistrate)

Topalov Type: "Apollo sitting on the Omphalos Upright Anchor" Bronze Tetrachalk (about 350 B.C.)
Obv.: Apollo sitting on the omphalos, holding a bow in his right hand, his left hand hanging downwards or resting on the omphalos. Round solar symbol countermark over Apollo's left hand (second half of the 3rd c. B.C.)
Rev.: Magistrates' initials or names on the left or on the right. Upright anchor with thick flukes and a rectangular stock. The letter A on one side and the additional symbol of a crab viewed from above on the other side betwee flukes and the stock.
1 commentsJaimelai
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AR Athens Tetradrachm27 viewsAR Athens Tetradrachm, 440 420 B.C., Athens, 25.8mm, 17.12g, 45, SNG Cop 32.
Obv: Helmeted head of Athena right, wearing earring. Countermark on cheek.
Rev: AΘE. Owl standing right, head facing, olive sprig and crescent behind.
Marti Vltori
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AR Siglos43 viewsAR Siglos Sear 4683. King advancing right, bearing dagger & bow. Countermarks are consistent with this type. cars100
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Artemis holding bow174 viewsCILICIA. Anemurium. Severus Alexander. 31. A.D. 224/225 (year 3). Obv: ▪AV▪KAI▪M▪AV-(OVHPAΛEΞAN or similar)Δ, PON in field to left. Laureate head right; Countermark on neck. Rev: ETΓA-NE(MO)YPIEWN.Cult-Statue of Ephesian Artemis facing, single stag behind and to left. Ref: BMC -; SNG France 705 (var.). Axis: 180. 13.22 g. CM: Artemis the huntress standing right, holding bow, in oval punch, 3.5 x 5.5 mm. Howgego - (?).There are no countermarked coins of Anemurium listed by Howgego. None of the (few) Artemis huntress groups noted matches this one. While 232 is similar, this coin is probably too late. Collection Automan.Automan
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Asia Minor, Lydia, Hierocaesarea, Tyche, Tyche standing8 viewsLydia, Hierokaisareia
Pseudo-autonomous issue
Time of the Severans (193-235)
Obv: IЄPOKAICAPЄIA, Turreted and draped bust of Tyche right.
Countermark "head of Artemis with quiver" ?
Rev: IЄPOKAICAPЄΩN, Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia.
AE, 4.96g, 20.9mm
Ref.: BMC 21
shanxi
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Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Asklepios, snake, omphalos, c/m owl21 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE 21, 200-133 BC
Obv.: laureate head of bearded Asklepios
Rev.: ΑΣΚΛΗΠΙΟΥ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ, snake coiled around omphalos, without monogram, countermark owl

AE, 10.6g, 20.5mm
Ref.: SNG France 1815 (with countermark)
1 commentsshanxi
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Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Athena, bull, owl15 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE18, 3rd century BC
Obv: Helmeted head of Athena left. (countermark on helmet)
Rev: ΠΕΡΓA, Head and neck of bull left, owl right, monogram above
AE, 4.48g, 17x18mm
SNG Copenhagen 333; SNG France 1575, BMC Mysia p.112, 20-21
shanxi
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Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Athena, Stars22 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE9, 310-284 BC
Obv.: Helmeted head of Athena right, countermark "x"?
Rev.: ΠΕΡΓ, Two stars, Θ above
AE, 1.11 g, 9.4 mm
Ref.: SNG Cop. 325
Ex Lanz Numismatik
shanxi
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Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Owl with closed wings, Athena, 30 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE18
Obv: Helmeted head of Athena right, countermark griffin
Rev: ΑΘΗΝΑΣ ΑΡΕΙΑΣ, Owl standing slightly right, all within ring of lines and dots
AE, 5.45g, 18.3mm
Ref.: SNG von Aulock 7488
Ex Gitbud&Naumann 2015
1 commentsshanxi
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Asklepios, hld. serpent-staff222 viewsPHRYGIA. Acmoneia. Nero. 20. Circa A.D. 65. Obv: (NEPWNACE)BACTOИ-AKMONE(IC). Laureate head right, aegis on chest; above crescent; beneath winged caduceus (not visible); Countermark before. Rev: (CEP)OYHNIOYKAΠITWNO(CKAIIOYΛIACCEOYHPAC), EΠI APX TO Г in field to right. Zeus enthroned left, in right extended hand holding phiale over owl, resting left arm on sceptre. Ref: BMC 43; SNG Cop 29; RPC 3176. Axis: 330. Weight: 4.27 g. Magistrate: L. Servinius Capito (archon). Third issue. CM: Asklepios standing, holding serpent-encircled staff, in rectangular punch, 4.5 x 9 mm. Howgego 241 (12 pcs). Note: There was a local cult of Asklepios. Collection Automan.1 commentsAutoman
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Aspendos Alexander 111 Tetradrachm 188/7 BC3 viewsObs : Head of Herekles with lionskin
Seleucid Anchor countermark of c 161 BC
16.5gm 30mm
Price 2907
Reverse- Zeus seated holding eagle
ΑΣ = Aspendos ΚC= year 26
Spear in exergue
Inscription: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ
cicerokid
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Assos; AE10; Athena left, owl countermark / griffin left16 viewsTroas, Assos. c. 400-241 B.C. Bronze AE 10, SNG Cop 237, SNG Von Aulock 7587, F, Assos mint, weight 3.944g, maximum diameter 15.4mm, die axis 0o, c. 400 - 241 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena left, owl countermark from Pergamum; reverse ΑΣΣΙ, griffin seated left; green patina; Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
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Athena184 viewsSYRIA: SELEUCIS & PIERIA. Gabala. Trajan. 21. A.D. 105/106 (year 152 of the Caesarean era). Obv: NEPKAIC-TPAIACEB(ΓEP). Laureate head right; countermark on neck. Rev: ΓABAΛEΩN, BNP in field. Astarte (?) seated left, holding corn-ears and poppy in extended right hand and spear in left hand; Sphinx seated left, star above head. Ref: BMC 4-5; Sear GIC 1079. Axis: 345. Weight: 6.85 g. CM: Athena standing right, holding spear, in rectangular punch, 3 x 4 mm. Howgego 246 (7 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
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Athena257 viewsSYRIA: SELEUCIS & PIERIA. Antiochia ad Orontem. Claudius. 25. A.D. 41-54. Obv: (IMTICLACAE-AVG)ER or similar. Laureate head right; countermark on neck. Rev: S C within laurel-wreath. Axis: 360. Weight: 13.40 g. CM: Athena standing right, holding spear and shield, in rectangular punch, 3.5 x 5.5 mm. Howgego 245 (139 pcs). Note: May be an imperial countermark due to Domitian's association with Athena/Minerva, likely applied between A.D. 83-96 in Antioch. Collection Automan.Automan
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Athena (bust of) and ΔX173 viewsTHRACE. Uncertain mint. Septimius Severus. 25. A.D. 193-211. Inscription illegible. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; 2 countermarks: (1) behind bust, (2) before bust. Inscription illegible. Two deities or members of the imperial famila standing, facing each other. Axis:180. Weight: 8.73 g. CM(1): Helmeted bust of Athena right, in circular punch, 7 mm. Howgego 183 (2 pcs). CM(2): ΔX in circular punch, 6 mm. Howgego 534 (2 pcs). Note: The countermark may be interpreted as 4 chalcoi. Both coins that bear countermark (1) also bear countermark (2) and vice-versa. Howgego argues that they were probably applied at the same time (at Anchialus or Apollonia, since the two coins come from there, or somewhere adjacent). Collection Automan.Automan
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Athena (helmeted bust of)202 viewsTROAS. Ilium. Faustina Jr. 25. A.D. 146-175. Obv: CEBAC-ΦAVCTINAAVΓ. Draped bust right; countermark on neck. Rev: IΛI-EΩ. To right bull suspended from tree, on back of bull sits male figure (Ilos), plunging knife into bulls neck; to left statue of Athena Ilias on pedestal. Ref: BMC 53. Axis: 15. Weight: 9.50 g. CM: Helmeted bust of Athena right, in oval punch, 6 x 7 mm. Howgego 186 (53 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
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Athena (helmeted bust of)207 viewsCILICIA. Flaviopolis. Domitian. 22 (Assarion). A.D. 89/90 (year 17 of era of Flaviopolis). Obv: ΔOMETIANOC-KAICAP. Laureate bust right; countermark to right, below head. Rev: (ET)OYCZIΦΛAV-IOΠOΛ(EITWN). City-goddess seated left, holding poppy-flowers (?). River-god reclining at her feet. Ref: BMC 2. Axis: 360. Weight: 7.77 g. CM: Helmeted bust of Athena right, in rectangular punch, 4 x 6 mm. Howgego 190 (21 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
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Athena (helmeted bust right)192 viewsCILICIA. Flaviopolis. Domitian. 26 (2 Assaria). A.D. 89/90 (year 17 of era of Flaviopolis). Obv: (ΔOMET)IANOC-KAICAP. Laureate bust right; Countermark before neck. Rev: (Φ)ΛAYI-OΠOΛEI-TWN-ETOYCZ(I). Laureate and draped bust of the Dioskuri face to face, each with star on forehead. Ref: BMC 1; Sear SGI 861; SNG Levante 1529; RPC 1756. Axis: 360. Weight: 10.51 g. CM: Helmeted bust of Athena right, in rectangular punch, 4 x 6 mm. Howgego 190 (21 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
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Athena (helmeted bust)186 viewsCILICIA. Flaviopolis. Domitian. 28 (2 Assaria). A.D. 89/90 (year 17 of era of Flaviopolis). Obv: ΔOMETIANOC-KAICAP. Laureate bust right; countermark in front of head. Rev: ΦΛAYI-OΠOΛEI-TWN-ETOYCZI. Laureate and draped bust of the Dioskuri face to face, each with star on forehead. Ref: BMC 1; Sear SGI 861; SNG Levante 1529. Axis: 360. Weight: 14.03 g. CM: Helmeted bust of Athena right, in rectangular punch, 4 x 6 mm. Howgego 190 (21 pcs).Automan
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Athena (helmeted bust)238 viewsCILICIA. Flaviopolis. Domitian. 23 (Assarion). A.D. 89/90 (year 17 of era of Flaviopolis). Obv: ΔOMETIANOC-KAICAP. Laureate bust right; countermark to right, below head. Rev: ETOYCZIΦΛAV-IOΠOΛEITWN. City-goddess seated left, holding flowers (?). River-god reclining at her feet. Ref: BMC 2. Axis: 360. Weight: 6.19 g. CM: Helmeted bust of Athena right, in rectangular punch, 4 x 6 mm. Howgego 190 (21 pcs). Collection Automan. 1 commentsAutoman
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Athena (standing)181 viewsSYRIA: SELEUCIS & PIERIA. Antiochia ad Orontem. Nero. 20 (Medium denomination, as?). A.D. 66-68. Obv: (IMNERCLAVCAESAR) or similar. Laureate head right; countermark on neck. Rev: SC within circle within laurel-wreath of eight leaves. Ref: RPC 4297, 4308, 4310 or 4312. Axis: 360. Weight: 7.13 g. CM: Athena standing right, holding spear and shield, in rectangular punch, 3.5 x 5.5 mm. Howgego 245 (139 pcs). Note: May be an imperial countermark due to Domitian's association with Athena/Minerva, likely applied between A.D. 83-96 in Antioch. Collection Automan.Automan
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Athena and "two opposing curvilinear objects"219 viewsSYRIA: SELEUCIS & PIERIA. Antiochia ad Orontem. Domitian. 30. A.D. 81-96. Obv: (IMPDOMITI)-ANVSCA(ESARAVG?). Laureate head left; countermark (1) on shoulder, countermark (2) to right of bust. Rev: S C within laurel-wreath. Ref: BMC 249(?). Axis: 360. Weight: 13.10 g. Note: Probably struck early in the reign of Domitian. CM(1): Athena standing right, holding spear and shield, in rectangular punch, 4 x 5.5 mm. Howgego 245 (139 pcs). Note: May be an imperial countermark due to Domitian's association with Athena/Minerva, likely applied between A.D. 83-96 in Antioch. CM(2): Two opposing curvilinear motifs containing pellets, in circular punch with serrated border, circa 11 mm. Howgego 504i (5 pcs). Note: Applied sometime between the early years of the reign of Domitian and the end of the reign of Antoninus Pius, and may have been applied at Edessa due to some of the other specimens also bearing countermarks of that city. Collection Automan.Automan
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Athenian Owl484 viewsAttica-Athens
Silver tetradrachm
449-414 B.C.
17g, 24mm, 45o
Interesting Countermark on reverse
6 commentskypros84
Athnes 2.jpg
Athens - tetradrachm (IVth C. BC)32 viewsObv.: head of Athena right weraing helmet and wreath. Phoenician countermark on her cheek.
Rev.: AΘE , owl right.
Ginolerhino
athenstet.jpeg
Athens Tetradrachm57 views449-413 B.C. Attica Old style Tetradrachm 17g

Obverse: Head of Athena right, almond shaped eye, crested helmet with olive leaves and floral scroll, hair in parallel curves. Test cut and Countermark on cheek.
Reverse: AOE Right, owl standing right, head facing, erect in posture, olive sprig and crescent left, all within incuse square. Test cuts and counter punch in eye.

2 commentsDk0311USMC
Athens_Silver_Tetradrachm.jpg
Attica Athens AR silver Tetradrachm121 viewsAttica Athens AR silver Tetradrachm - some horn silver on the reverse which could be improved
Size: 22.5mm Weight: 16.69 grams
Obverse: Helmeted head of Athena right. Countermark on cheek, test cut through helmet
Reverse: AΘE, Owl standing right, head facing, crescent and olive sprig behind, the same countermark on the reverse
Antonivs Protti
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Augustus15 viewsAE As, Turiaso Mint
Obverse: IMP AVGVSTVS PATER PATRIEA, laureate bust right, legionary Eagle Head countermark.
Reverse: L MARIO L NOVIO MVN TVRIASO, II VIR within wreath.
Reference: RPC 411 mit Gegenstempel 92
Justin L
RIC_Claudius_on_Augustus_Martini-Pangerl_58.JPG
Augustus (Caius Julius Caesar Octavianus) (27 B.C. 14 A.D.) and Tiberius (Tiberius Julius Caesar) (14-37 A.D.)29 viewsHowgego 602, Martini-Pangerl 58, on a RIC I (Augustus) ___

Countermark of Tiberius often encountered on coins found in the Moesia region (Bulgaria), on an AE as (25 mm) issued by Augustus in the name of a moneyer. Rome mint.

Obv: [illegible], bare head of Augustus, right.

Rev: [illegible], SC in field, TICA countermark within a rectangular incuse.

From an uncleaned coin lot.
Stkp
RIC_Augustus-Caligula_Martini-Pangerl_90,_95__etc.JPG
Augustus (Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus) (27 B.C. – 14 A.D.) and Tiberius (Tiberius Julius Caesar) (14-37 A.D.) or Caligula (Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus) (37-41 A.D.)26 viewsMartini-Pangerl 90 (re TIC), 75 & 83 (re AVG), 98 (re helmet), 95-97 (re dolphin)

AE 23-26 mm

Obv: TIC, AVG and helmet countermarks on an unidentified undertype.

Rev: Dolphin countermark on an unidentified undertype.

The TIC countermark is late Augustinian and is often combined with the dolphin and helmet countermarks. The AVG countermark is probably associated with Tiberius or Caligula.

From an uncleaned coin lot.
Stkp
augustus_comme.jpg
Augustus Commemorative minted by Tiberius, Countermarked by Vespasian14 viewsAugustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Commemorative minted by Tiberius, Countermarked by Vespasian. Copper as, RIC I Tiberius 81, Pangerl 94, coin Fair, countermark Fine, Rome mint, 8.935g, 28.8mm, 0o, c. 22 - 30 A.D.; obverse DIVVS AVGVSTVS PATER, radiate head left, capricorn in rectangular countermark right; reverse PROVIDENT S C, altar with double panelled door, ornaments on top. Vespasian used the Capricorn countermark, as had Augustus. It was his birth-sign too. ex FORVMPodiceps
Augustus_Copper_Rome~0.jpg
Augustus Copper Rome29 viewsAugustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.
OBV: CAESAR AVGVST PONT MAX . . ., bare head right;
REV: Legend around SC, possible countermark
Maybe:
Augustus AE As. 6 BC. Rome
25.3mm
4.517g
May be:
Obv: CAESAR AVGVST PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT, bare head right
Rev: VOLVSVS VALER MESSAL IIIVIR AAAFF, around large SC.
RIC I 441,
EX: Forvm Ancient Coins

SCARCE
Romanorvm
augustus_countermarks.jpg
Augustus countermarks29 views2 commentsDk0311USMC
Augustus1.JPG
Augustus With Countermark31 viewsAugustus Moneyer series by PISO
Sear 1681
1 commentsJeromy G
46.jpg
Augustus, 27 BC-AD 1430 viewsGAUL, Nemausus.

AE As, 25.54mm (10.59 gm).

Addorsed heads of Agrippa left, wearing combined rostral crown and laurel wreath, and Augustus on right, bare headed; IMP above and DIVI F below; D-D countermark / Crocodile chained to palm tip, wreath with long ties above; COL-NEM.

RIC I, 155 (pg. 51); RPC I, 523; RCV I, 1729.

This particular coin carries the D-D countermark, which is within a dotted circle and with the two D's disected by a dotted line, branch or club. This countermark stands for Decreto Decurionum, which means 'by decree of the town Decuria (or Council)'.
socalcoins
combine_images~8.jpg
Augustus, AE of Gabala, Syria. AD 1-14. 27 viewsObv. Bare head of Augustus right, countermark.
Rev. GABALEWN, Astarte seated left, holding poppy and sceptre, sphinx at foot. LM in left field, ZH in exergue.
Countermark: Howgego 366. Bee. Gabala
References: RPC 4452; BMC 70; Mionnet V, 627.
21mm, 6.3 grams.
1 commentsCanaan
Augustus_RPC_I_1557.jpg
Augustus, AE22, Barbaric As, Countermarked5 viewsAugustus
27 B.C. 14 A.D.

AE22 "Barbaric" As, Countermarked

Obverse: Bare headed bust facing right. Countermarks of AVG, TICAE (Tiberius Caesar) and Subsequently an S (which may signify the coins downgrading to a Semis).
Reverse: A laurel Wreath.

Weight: 7.69 g, Diameter: 22 x 23 x 1.8 mm, Die axis: 0, Mint: The Balkans, 27 B.C. - 14 A.D. Reference: Similar to the AE22's of Thessalonica for Augustus, RPC I 1557
Masis
Augustus_RPC_I_1557_Second_example.jpg
Augustus, AE22, Barbaric As, Countermarked12 viewsAugustus
27 B.C. 14 A.D.

Coin: AE22 "Barbaric" As, Countermarked

Obverse: Bare headed bust facing right. Countermarks of AVG, ⏊I●CA (Tiberius Caesar).
Reverse: SC within a Laurel Wreath.

Weight: 6.97 g, Diameter: 22.5 x 25.2 x 1.4 mm, Die axis: 0, Mint: The Balkans, 27 B.C. - 14 A.D. Reference: Similar to the AE22's of Thessalonica for Augustus, RPC I 1557
Masis
48a.jpg
Augustus, imitation(Regular?) Moesia & Pannonia 12 B.C-14 A.D AE 26mm.16 viewsAugustus, imitation(Regular?) Moesia & Pannonia 12 B.C-14 A.D
AE 26mm (Dupondius Of Augustus)
Obverse: S.C, Combination of countermarks AVC, TICAE (Moesia) & PP, CAE (Pannonia).
Reverse: Various lettering visible.
Lee S
augustus_375_counterrmarked.jpg
Augustus, RIC 375 (countermarked)19 viewsAugustus, 27 BE - AD 14
AE dupondius, 7.50g, 28mm, 0
struck under moneyer C. Cassius Celer , Rome, 16 BC
obv. [AVGVSTVS TRIBVNIC POTES]
(legend in 3 lines in corona civica)
rev. [C CASSIVS CEL]ER IIIVI[R AAAFF]
around big S - C
ref. RIC I, 375
countermarked:
obv. AVG (MPC 75), TICAE (AE ligate; MPC 90)
rev. CAE (MPC 77), PP (MPC 81)

AVC, TICAE refer to the emperor Tiberius Claudius. The abbreviation AVC is most likely another title of Tiberius and stands not for Augustus Caesar.
MPC = Martini Prangerl Collection
Jochen
augustus_384_Gegenstempel.jpg
Augustus, RIC 384, countermarked14 viewsAugustus, 27 BC - AD 14
AE - Dupondius(?), 6.70g, 24.24mm, 330
struck under moneyer L. Naevius Surdinus
Rome, 15 BC
obv. at the upper edge oak leafs, beneath remains of a legend, perhaps:
[AVGVS]TVS / [TRIBVNICI] / [POT]ES[T.]
in 3 lines within oak wreath
rev. [L.]SVR[DINVS.IIIVIR A.]A.A[.F.F.] (?)
around big S - C
ref. RIC I, 384; C. 472; BMCR I, 441, pl. 19, 2

2 countermarks on obv.:
2x AVC: Werz 31; MPC 75
AVG(vsti), mid-late Augustean AD 11 - 14
Usually these countermarks can be found only on asses from Lugdunum and Nemausus (Werz). The combination of a Dupondius obv. with a As rev. is indicative of a "barbaric imitation". Then to search for the name of the moneyer is useless.
Jochen
Augustus_RPC_I_1557_Second_example~0.jpg
AVG ⏊I●CA, AE22, Barbaric As115 viewsAugustus
27 B.C. 14 A.D.

Coin: AE22 "Barbaric" As, Countermarked

Obverse: Bare headed bust facing right. Countermarks of AVG, ⏊I●CA (Tiberius Caesar).
Reverse: SC within a Laurel Wreath.

Weight: 6.97 g, Diameter: 22.5 x 25.2 x 1.4 mm, Die axis: 0, Mint: The Balkans, 27 B.C. - 14 A.D. Reference: Similar to the AE22's issued by Thessalonica for Augustus (R.P.C. I 1557)
Masis
RIAugustusAsCounterM~0.JPG
AVG and TICAE on AUGUSTUS AS (25 BC)317 views(26mm - 10.8g). Obv: Bust right (CAESAR), countermarked "AVG" (AVGUSTUS) & "TICAE" (TIBERIUS CAESAR). Rev: Legend within wreath (AVGVSTVS). Minted in Ephesus. Reference for this coin is RIC 486. Augustus was adopted by Julius Caesar as heir. After the assassination of Caesar, Octavian and Mark Antony fought together and won the resulting Civil War. They shared the rule of the Roman Empire. Antony's alliance with Cleopatra provoked a split with Octavian that led to a new Civil War. At the Battle of Actium (31 BC) Antony was defeated and Octavian became the sole ruler of the Empire. He was declared "Augustus" and became the proto-type emperor of Rome.1 commentskerux
064n.jpg
AVG and TICAE243 viewsSYRIA: SELEUCIS & PIERIA. Antiochia ad Orontem. Augustus. 24. 27 B.C. - A.D. 14. Obv: AVGVST-TRPOT (?). Laureate head right; 2 countermarks: (1) before head, (2) on neck. Rev: Large SC inside circle, inside laurel-wreath. Ref: BMC 130. Axis: 360. Weight: 8.72 g. CM(1): AVG in rectangular punch, 9 x 4.5 mm. Howgego 577 (1 pcs). CM(2): TIC in rectangular punch, 4 x 9 mm.Howgego 602 (1 pcs). Note: These countermarks were more commonly applied to imperial coins, the place of application likely being somewhere in the Balkan provinces, the countermarking probably taking place during the reign of Tiberius. Collection Automan.Automan
083n.jpg
AVG and TICAE 248 viewsBALKAN imitation of Augustus' moneyers' series Dupondius. 23. 1st century A.D. Obv: Blundered legend within oak-wreath; 2 countermarks. Rev: Blundered legend around large S.C, all inverted. Axis: 360. Weight: 6.82 g. CM(1): AVG (inverted), in rectangular punch, 9 x 5 mm. Cf. Howgego 577. CM(2): TIC (inverted), in rectangular punch, 4 x 7.5 mm. Cf. Howgego 602. Note: Interestingly, not only the coin is imitative, but also the countermarks, which are inverted version of the commonly encountered TICAE and AVG countermarks. Collection Automan.Automan
Augustus_RPC_I_1557~0.jpg
AVG TICAE & S, AE22, Barbaric AE As116 viewsAugustus
27 B.C. 14 A.D.

Coin: AE22 "Barbaric" As, Countermarked

Obverse: Bare headed bust facing right. Countermarks of AVG, TICAE (Tiberius Caesar) and subsequently an S (which may signify the coins downgrading to a Semis).
Reverse: A laurel Wreath.

Weight: 7.69 g, Diameter: 22 x 23 x 1.8 mm, Die axis: 0, Mint: The Balkans, 27 B.C. - 14 A.D. Reference: Similar to the
AE22's issued by Thessalonica for Augustus (RPC I 1557)
Masis
140.jpg
AVKTR(?) and ΠPY171 viewsBITHYNIA. Prusias (?). Domitian (?). 26. A.D. 81-96 (?). Obv: Laureate head right; countermark (1) before face. Rev: Countermark (2). Note: .All coins noted by Howgego with these countermarks are from Domitian and are attributed to Prusias or Bithynia in Genere (which, in turn, may have been from Prusias also). CM(1): Monogram of AVKTP (?), in rectangular punch, 6 x 4 mm. Howgego 608 (8 pcs). CM(2): Monogram of ΠPY, in square punch, 7 mm. Howgego 630 (3 pcs). All coins countermarked with (1) are also countermarked with (2). Collection Automan.Automan
147.jpg
AVP (engraved monogram in cartouche)155 viewsTHRACE. Topirus. Caracalla. 22. A.D. 198-217. Obv: AVTKMAVP-(ANTΩN)INOC. Laureate bust right; "Cartouche" on shoulder. Rev: (OVΛΠ)ACTOΠIPOV. Naked figure of Herakles seated left on rock covered with lion's skin, holding club in extended right hand, resting left hand on rock. Ref: BMC 6. Axis: 210. Weight: 6.81 g. CM: Monogram of AVP in circular "cartouche". Howgego -. Note: This is not actually a countermark, since it was engraved on the original die. Collection Automan.Automan
150.jpg
Axe, double-headed175 viewsPHRYGIA. Eumeneia. Agrippina Jr. 17. A.D. 54-59 (?). Obv: AΓPI(ΠΠINA-ΣEBA)ΣTH. Draped bust right; Countermark behind. Rev: (BAΣΣAK)ΛEΩNOΣ-(EVMENEΩN). Kybele enthroned left, holding phiale in right hand streched out, left arm resting on drum. Ref: BMC 44-46; Sear GIC 536; RPC 3151. Axis: 360. Weight: 2.80 g. Magistrate: Bassa Kleonos archierea. CM: Axe, double-headed, with serpent around the handle, in rectangular punch, c. 4 x 6 mm. Howgego 374 (11 pcs, 2 of which from Agrippina Jr.). Collection Automan.Automan
082n.jpg
B in oval punch195 viewsUncertain mint, likely of Balkan origin. Uncertain emperor. 21. Late 2nd - early 3rd century A.D. Obv: Inscription obliterated. Laureate bust right; countermark behind bust. Rev: Inscription obliterated. Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia (?). Axis: 30. Weight: 4.63 g. CM: B in oval punch, 5.5 x 7 mm. Possibly Howgego 765i (125 pcs). Note: It is difficult to say which of the B countermark groups identified by Howgego that this coin belongs to, if any. Collection Automan.1 commentsAutoman
238.jpg
B▪AV in rectangular punch215 viewsEPIRUS. Buthrotum. Nero. 21 (As). A.D. 54-68. Obv: (NER)OCLAVDIV(SCAESARAVGGERM) or sim. Radiate head right; countermark on neck. Rev: (EXCONSENSVD, CCIB in ex) or similar. Butting bull right. Ref: RPC 1406 (or possibly 1403, 1408 or 1410). Axis: 180. Weight: 5.38 g. CM: B▪AV in rectangular punch, 9 x 4 mm. Howgego 579 (19 pcs). Note: The countermark may possibly be read "Bvthrotvm Avgvsta". Collection Automan.Automan
maurice_Islamic_c_m_BCC_B15.jpg
BCC B1530 viewsByzantine Caesarea
Maurice Tiberius 582-602 CE
AE Follis, Antioch
Obv: [D N MAVRI] - CN P AVT
Facing bust, crown with trefoil ornament,
Rev:Large M, to left ANNO, to right X/II
below: Γ? In ex: THEUP.
Unidentified, possibly Heraclian, countermark in
circular punch. 28mm. 10.72gm. Axis:180
SB 533
v-drome
Heraclius_2C_M_BCC_B2.jpg
BCC b216 viewsByzantine - Caesarea Maritima
Base coin - Constantinople mint
Heraclius 610-641CE
AE follis 40 nummia
Obv: Traces of image.
REV: Large M, below, gamma. in ex. CON
Countermarks of Heraclian monograms
type 1f (var.) and type 2c, (Schulze et. al.)
23x28mm. 4.65gm.
v-drome
heraclius_type_1c.png
BCC b3x62 viewsByzantine Caesarea
Uncertain mint
Heraclius 610-641CE
AE cut follis with CM
Obv:Traces of facing bust and inscription
Rev:Large M, cross above, to
left A[N...]. Overstruck on
40 nummia (XXXX) of Phocas?.
Finally struck with Heraclian monogram
CM type 1c (Schulze et. al. 2006)
31.5x23mm. 5.18gm.
v-drome
maurice_cm_eagle.jpg
BCC b4x105 viewsByzantine - Caesarea Maritima
Maurice Tiberius 582-602CE
AE follis 40 nummia
Obv: DN MAURC PP AVI
crowned and cuirassed bust
facing, holding cross on globe.
REV: Large M , cross above
ANNO II, officina Δ , in ex.
C[ON] with rare eagle countermark.
30x32mm. 11.30g. Original Axis:180
1 commentsv-drome
heraclius_K_c_m_comp.jpg
BCC b539 viewsByzantine
Heraclius 610-641CE
AE 1/2 follis 20 nummia
Obv: Traces of image.
Rev: Large K
Countermark of Heraclian
monogram type 2c, (Schulze et al)
c/m 8mm, die worn and cracked at top
18x23mm. 4.85g.
v-drome
nero_caesarea_c_m_LX.jpg
BCC CM1x63 viewsRoman Provincial
Caesarea Maritima
Nero 54-68 CE
Obv:[ΣΕΒΑΣΤΟΣ ΝΕΡWΝ ΚΑΙΣΑΡ]
Laureate, undraped bust right.
Countermark: XF (Legio Decima Fretensis) in incuse square. Probably applied between 68 and 132 CE (Hendin GBC III).
Rev: [ΣΕΒΑΣΤW ΛΙΜΕΝΙ ΚΑΙΣΑΡΙΑ ΠΡΟΣ]
"Caesarea (the one) near the port of Augustus"
Tyche standing left, foot on prow, holding bust in right
hand, standard in left. In field date: LIΔ (year 14).
AE 23mm 10.4g. Axis 0
Hendin 3, coin 834; C/M see coin 807.
v-drome
titus_c_m.png
BCC j7 (BCC 17)71 viewsJudaean - Roman Provincial
Caesarea Maritima
Titus 79-81 CE
Obv:[AVTOKP TITOC KAICAP]
Laur. head right. Countermark of bust, right,
in incuse rectangle. (punch 8x6mm.)
Rev:[ΙΟΥΔΑΙΑΣ ΕΑΛWΚΥΙΑΣ]
Judaea in mourning below, left of trophy,
hands tied, shield to right of trophy.
Hendin 745 21x22mm. 9.43gm. Axis:30
1 commentsv-drome
elagabalus_C_M_Neapolis.jpg
BCC rgp3119 viewsRoman Provincial
Neapolis-Samaria
Elagabalus 218-222C.E.
Obv:[AYT K M ] AYP ANTΩN[INOC]
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
C/M A in incuse square.
Rev: [ΦΛ ΝΕΑC ΠΟ] CΥΡ ΠΑΛ
Mt. Gerazim with stairs, temple and colonnade.
Poss. ref.: Rosenberger 36
countermark: Howgego 666
21mm. 12.65 gm. Axis:330
v-drome
DecapolisCM.jpg
Bearded male head195 views8895. Bronze AE 18, Spijkerman 1a, VF, Decapolis, Philadelphia mint, 7.45g, 18.0mm, 315o, 80 - 81 A.D.; obverse FILADELFEWN, diademed, draped and veiled bust of Demeter left, countermarked with a bearded male head; reverse G - M / L- P ( = Year 143 = 80 / 81 A.D. ), five ears of corn, leaf on either side; $70.00. Forum catalog.
whitetd49
Septimius-Severus_AE-26-Nicomedia-in-Bithynia_AVK-L-CE_T-CEVHPOC-laureate-head-right_NIKOMH-_E_N-_IC-NE_KO-P_N-_ctastyle-temple-with-Countermark_BMC-41_Q-001_26-27mm_11,37g-s.jpg
Bithynia, Nicomedia, 049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), AE-26, BMC-41 Temple,89 viewsBithynia, Nicomedia, 049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), AE-26, BMC-41 Temple,
avers:- AVK-L-CEΠT-CEVHPOC, Laureate head right.
revers:- NIKOMH-ΔEΩN-ΔIC-NEΩKO-PΩN, Ο Ctastyle temple with Countermark.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 26-27mm, weight:11,37g, axis:1h,
mint: Bithynia, Nicomedia, date: ?? , ref: BMC-41,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Phil1NicomMerge1.JPG
Bithynia, Nicomedia. Philip I. SNG von Aulock 829.82 views28. Bithynia, Nicomedia. Philip I (AD 244-249), radiate head, draped and cuirassed bust to r. M IOVΛIOC ΦIΛI-Π-Π[OC AVG] (VG ligate) or Marcus Julius Philippus Augustus. Countermark CAP/Γ in round punch (Howgego 560) or "Sardis, 3 assaria." Rev., Nude statue of Heracles stg. atop girlanded cippus, head to r, holding lionskin in l. arm, and supported by club with r. hand. NIKOMH[ΔE]ΩN - ΔIC NEΩK[OP] (ΩN ligate). SNG von Aulock 829. Ex Marcus Gruss 8-25-2009.

Same dies as Jochens example:
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-32987
1 commentsMark Fox
712.jpg
bmc1998 viewsElagabalus
Berytos, Phoenicia

Obv: IMP CAES M AVR ANTONINVS AVG, Laureate cuirassed bust right, countermark.
Rev: COLIV L [A VGFEL]→BER, tetrastyle temple surmounted by figure riding panther to right, Maryas under central arch.
25 mm, 11.26 gms


BMC 199, SNG Cop 116
Charles M
67c.jpg
bmc388_29 viewsElagabalus
Tyre, Phoenicia

Obv: IMP CAES MAV AN-TONINVS AVG, laureate draped and cuirassed bust right, indistinct countermark.
Rev: SEPT IM T VRO →COLO, Astarte wearing turreted crown and short chiton and himation, standing front left foot on prow, right hand on trophy and holding in left arm transverse scepter and is being crowned by Nike standing on column on right. Palm tree on left and murex shell on right.
30 mm, 15.02 gms

BMC 388
Charles M
1850__Naville_Numismatics_Live_Auction_52_(54)_9-22-19_#3.jpg
bmc390_12 viewsElagabalus
Tyre, Phoenicia

Obv: IMP CAES MAV ANT[ON]INVS AVG, laureate draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from rear; oval countermark-- head of Melqart right .
Rev: SEPT IM T VRO →COLO, Astarte wearing turreted crown and short chiton and himation, standing front left foot on prow, right hand on trophy and holding in left arm transverse scepter and is being crowned by Nike standing on column on right. Marayas on left and murex shell on right.
30 mm, 18.90 gms

BMC 390; Rouvier 2358; Naville Numismatics, Auction 52, lot 244 (this coin); Countermark: Howgego 15
Charles M
1433.jpg
bmc393var8 viewsElagabalus
Tyre, Phoenicia

Obv: IMP CAES MAV ANTONINVS AVG, laureate cuirassed bust right, seen from front. Countermark of laureate head in incuse oval.
Rev: SEP TIM TVR COL, Temple of Astarte with 6 columns, arch over middle with pellet in pediment over arch, Astarte within with right hand on trophy being crowned by Nike standing on column on right. Altar at base of steps with palm tree on left and murex shell on right.
30 mm, 15.48 gms

BMC 393 variant (bust type, no Marsyas to left of Astarte). Triskeles Auctions, Sale 22, Lot 368. Countermark Howgego 65
Charles M
60.jpg
bmc396_324 viewsElagabalus
Tyre, Phoenicia

Obv: IMP CAES MAV AN-TONINVS AVG, laureate draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind. Oval countermark of a male head right.
Rev: TV RI O RVM, Astarte wearing turreted crown and short chiton and himation, standing front left foot on prow, right hand on trophy and holding in left arm transverse scepter and is being crowned by Nike standing on column on right. Palm tree on left and murex shell on right.
32 mm, 14.14 gms

BMC 396, Countermark: Howgego 65
1 commentsCharles M
1516.jpg
bmc396_54 viewsElagabalus
Tyre, Phoenicia

Obv: IMP CAES MAV ANTONINVS [AVG], laureate draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind. Oval countermark of a male head right.
Rev: TV RI O RVM, Astarte wearing turreted crown and short chiton and himation, standing front left foot on prow, right hand on trophy and holding in left arm transverse scepter and is being crowned by Nike standing on column on right. Palm tree on left and murex shell on right.
27 mm, 11.76 gms

BMC 396 Countermark: Howgego 65
Charles M
1720__Naville.jpg
bmc396_62 viewsElagabalus
Tyre, Phoenicia

Obv: IMP CAES MAV AN-TONIN[VS AVG], laureate draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind. Oval countermark of a male head right.
Rev: TVR IO R VM, Astarte wearing turreted crown and short chiton and himation, standing front left foot on prow, right hand on trophy and holding in left arm transverse scepter and is being crowned by Nike standing on column on right. Palm tree on left and murex shell on right.
27 mm, 8.40 gms

BMC 396, Countermark: Howgego 65
Charles M
1532a.jpg
bmc404_712 viewsElagabalus
Tyre, Phoenicia

Obv: [IMP CAES M]AV ANTONINVS A[VG], laureate draped and cuirassed bust right. Indistinct countermark.
Rev: T VRI ORV M, Temple of Astarte with 6 columns, arch over middle, Astarte within with right hand on trophy being crowned by Nike standing on column on right. Altar at base of steps with palm tree on right and murex shell on left.
27 mm, 12.87 gms

BMC 404
Charles M
1823.jpg
bmc404_83 viewsElagabalus
Tyre, Phoenicia

Obv: IMP CAES MAV AN[TONINVS AVG], laureate draped and cuirassed bust right. Countermark with scorpion within oval incuse.
Rev: T VRI ORV M, Temple of Astarte with 6 columns, arch over middle, Astarte within with right hand on trophy being crowned by Nike standing on column on right. Altar at base of steps with palm tree on right and murex shell on left.
26 mm, 11.60 gms

BMC 404. Countermark: Howgego 354
Charles M
1022.jpg
bmc41312 viewsElagabalus
Tyre, Phoenicia

Obv: [IMP CAES MAV] ANTONINVS AVG, laureate draped and cuirassed bust right, uncertain countermark.
Rev: TVRIORVM, Serpent entwined ovoid baetyl, palm tree to left, murex shell to right.
29 mm, 12.70 gms

BMC 413
Charles M
166.jpg
Branch170 viewsCILICIA. Mallus. Domitian. 23 (Assarion?). A.D. 81-96. Obv: AYTOKPATWPΔOMI-TIANOC. Laureate head right; Countermark before. Rev: MAΛΛΩTΩN, IOY/AΓA in two lines in field to left. Tyche seated right, holding ear of corn; beneath two river-gods swimming left and right. Ref: BMC -; RPC 1738 (2 pcs); Levante 1271; Lindgren 1543A. Axis: 360. Weight: 7.07 g. Note: Ziegler (1993) notes 6 coins of Domitian from Mallus. RPC only notes two specimens of this type. CM: Branch in oval punch, 3 x 4 mm. Howgego -. Collection Automan.Automan
194.jpg
Bucranium192 viewsSYRIA: SELEUCIS & PIERIA. Antiochia ad Orontem. Trajan. 24 (As). A.D. 115/116 (?). Obv: IMPCAESNERTRAIANOOPTIMOAVGGE(RM). Radiate and draped bust right; Countermark behind. Rev: DAC(PARTH)ICO(PMTRPOTXXCOSVIPP) or similar. SC in laurel-wreath. Ref: RIC 644 or 647 (?). Axis: 180. Weight: 7.39 g. CM: Bucranium, in circular punch, 6 mm. Howgego 294 (23 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
RZ-1_16_10(1).jpg
Bulgaria, Second Empire: Ivanko Terter, Despotes in Karvuna (1386-1387) Trachy (Raduchev & Zhekov 1.16.10; Youroukova & Penchev 148-50; Dobrinić & Dimnik 13.2.1; Dochev 6070) 13 viewsObv: Terter monogram; countermarked with star and crescent
Rev: Double-headed eagle with outstretched wings; countermarked with head facing right
Dim: 18mm, 0.91 g, 12h
Quant.Geek
RZ-1_16_11.jpg
Bulgaria, Second Empire: Ivanko Terter, Despotes in Karvuna (1386-1387) Trachy (Raduchev & Zhekov 1.16.11; Youroukova & Penchev 148-50; Dobrinić & Dimnik 13.2.1; Dochev 6120)22 viewsObv: Terter monogram with star and crescent below
Rev: Double-headed eagle with spread wings, full-face, without crowns on the heads; between them - small cross; countermarked with head facing left
Dim: 19mm, 0.77 g, 4h
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Bull standing right195 viewsSYRIA: SELEUCIS & PIERIA. Nicopolis Seleucidis. Philip Sr. 29. A.D. 244-249. Obv: AVTKMIOV-ΛIΦIΛIΠΠO(CC)E. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; Countermark before face. Rev: NEIKO(ΠOΛEI)-TWNCEΛEVKI(ΔO?) or sim., IO(?) in ex. Nemesis standing left within distyle temple, left hand raised to her head; lit altar to right, crossed cornucopiae and wheel to left. Ref: BMC - (only 3 coins of this city); Lindgren 2110a (?). Axis: 360. Weight: 13.23 g. CM: Bull standing right, in oval punch, 8 x 5.5 mm. Howgego 296 (2 pcs). Collection Automan.1 commentsAutoman
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Bust (laureate right) and Nike187 viewsBITHYNIA. Nicaea. Lucius Verus (?). 24. A.D. 161-169 (?). Obv: Laureate bust right; 2 countermarks: (1) before bust, (2) behind bust. Rev: Tyche standing, holding cornucopia and rudder (?). Ref: SNG Cop 477 (?). Axis: 30. Weight: 5.69 g. CM(1): Laureate bust right, in circular punch, 5.5 mm. Howgego 65 (130 pcs). CM(2) Nike standing right, in oval punch, 7 x 8 mm. Howgego 254 (94 pcs). Note: The Nike probably referred to the city and not a specific victory. Collection Automan.Automan
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Bust and Nike left164 viewsUncertain mint, possibly SYRIA. Uncertain emperor, possibly Trajan. 24.1st century A.D. Obv:Inscription illegible.Outline of imperial head; 2 countermarks: (1) to left of head, on neck. Rev: Worn smooth. Weight: 9.62 g. CM(1): Laureate imperial bust right, in roughly rectangular punch, 5 x 7 mm. Howgego 133 ? (17 pcs). CM(1): Winged figure of Nike walking left, holding wreath in extended hand, in rectangular punch, 4.5 x 6 mm. Howgego -. Collection Automan.Automan
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Bust right131 viewsBITHYNIA (?). Uncertain mint. Commodus. 24. A.D. 177-192. Obv: (...)V-KOMO(...). Head or bust right. Rev: (...)EΠYO-ΠKO (?). Eagle standing right, wings spread; countermark before. Axis: 180. Weight: 7.52 g. CM: Laureate bust right, in circular punch, 6.5 mm. Howgego ? Collection Automan.Automan
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Bust right (?) and star in crescent175 viewsCAPPADOCIA. Caesarea. Elagabalus. 35. A.D. 220/221. Obv: (AYTKMAYPHΛIANTWNEINOCCEB) or sim. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; 2 countermarks, both before bust. Rev: (MHTPOΠOΛ or similar)-KAICAPIA, NEΩKOPON/(ETГ) in two lines in ex. Tyche seated left on throne, holding cornucopia and agalma of Mt. Argaeus (?), on either side urn with palm-branch. Ref: SNG Cop -; SNG Aul - (6502 for obv.). Axis: 360. Weight: 24.98 g. CM(1): Bust right (?), in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego (?). CM(2): six-pointed star in crescent, in circular punch, 5.5 mm. Howgego -. Collection Automan.Automan
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Bust right (laureate)156 viewsBITHYNIA. Nicaea. Maximus. 21. A.D. 235-238. Obv: Г(.?)IOV.OVHMAΞIMOC.K. Draped and cuirassed bust right; Countermark behind. Rev: N-IK-AI-E, ΩN in ex. Three standards. Ref: BMC -. Axis: 30. Weight: 3.96 g. CM: Laureate bust right, in circular punch, 6 mm. Howgego 65 (130 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
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Bust right (laureate)124 viewsSAMARIA. Sebaste. Julia Soemias or Julia Maesa. 20. Obv: Draped bust right; countermark below chin. Rev: COL▪L▪SEP▪SEB-(ASTE) or similar. Scene of rape of Persephone: Hades in galloping quadriga right, carrying Persephone in right arm, above horses Eros flying right; below overturned basket (?). Ref: BMC 16 or 18. Axis: 235. Weight: 10.75 g. CM: Laureate (?) bust right, in rectangular punch, 4.5 x 6 mm. Howgego 141 (19 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
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Bust right in oval punch203 viewsPHOENICIA. Aradus. Trajan. 24. A.D. 115-117 (year 374 or 375). Obv: (AYTOKPNEPTPAIANOCAPICTKAICCEBΓEPΔAKΠAPΘ) or similar. Laureate bust right; countermark on neck. Rev: (Δ or E)OT to left, 9 to right, (APADIWN) beneath. Tyche, nude to the waist, seated left on rudder, her right hand on the tiller, her left holding cornucopia with bunch of grapes. Ref: BMC 371-373 or 378. Axis: 360. Weight: 11.03 g. CM: Bust right in oval punch, 5 x 6.5 mm. Howgego 171-172 (?). Note: Howgego notes two coins from Aradus (Domitian and Marcus Aurelius/Lucius Verus) bearing somewhat similar countermarks. Collection Automan.Automan
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Bust right, in circular punch168 viewsPHRYGIA. Eumeneia. Agrippina Jr. 16. A.D. 54-59 (?). Obv: AΓPIΠΠI(NA)-ΣE(BAΣ)TH. Draped bust right; Countermark before. Rev: BAΣΣAKΛEΩNOΣ-EVMENEΩN. Kybele enthroned left, holding phiale in right hand streched out, left arm resting on drum. Ref: BMC 44-46; Sear GIC 536; RPC 3151. Axis: 360 Weight: 3.34 g. Magistrate: Bassa Kleonos archierea. CM: Bust right, in circular punch, 5.5 mm.Howgego - (?). Collection Automan.Automan
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Bust right, laureate157 viewsCORINTHIA. Corinth. Antoninus Pius. 26. A.D. 138-161. Obv: (ANTONI)NVS -(AVGPIVS). Laureate head right; Countermark before face. Rev: (CLI)-C-OR. Nike moving right. Ref: BMC -; SNG Cop -. Axis: 315. Weight: 10.49 g.CM: Laureate bust right, in oval punch, 5 x 6 mm. Howgego 56 (89 pcs). Likely applied after circa A.D. 205. The vast majority of coins bearing this countermark are from Corinth. Collection Automan.Automan
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BYZ▪Δ133 viewsUncertain mint. 26. 1st-2nd Century A.D. (?). Obv: Outline of early imperial bust; countermark before. Reverse worn smooth. Weight: 8.80 g. Found in Spain according to sellers notes. CM: BYZ▪Δ in rectangular punch, 4.5 x 11 mm (actually the "Z" is mirrored). Howgego 520 var. (2 pcs). Note: Likely applied in Byzantium (Thrace). This specimen is quite clear, and it would seem that the countermark is made up of a combination of a city reference (BYZ) and a denomination (Δ). Collection Automan.Automan
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Byzantine Empire: Anonymous Class B Follis, Constantinople (Sear 1823; DOC B.1-64) - Attributed to Romanus III (1028-1034)14 viewsObv: IC-XC to right and left of bust of Christ facing with nimbate cross behind head, square in each limb of nimbus cross, holding book of gospels, a dot in center of dotted square on book; Mardin Hoard Countermark #13 (عز)
Rev: IS-XS ЬAS-ILЄ ЬAS-ILЄ to left and right above and below cross with dots at the ends, on three steps; Unkown Countermark

Countermarked by Izz al-din Abu Bakr al-Dubaysi between 1146 and 1156 AD at the mint of al-Jazirah (obverse) and an unknown countermark that is not listed in The Mardin Hoard on the reverse.
Quant.Geek
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Byzantine Empire: Anonymous Class K Follis, Attributed to Alexius I Comnenus (Sear 1901; DOC K.1)12 viewsObv: Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium, and raising right hand in benediction; in left hand, book of Gospels; to left, IC; to right, XC. Border of large pellets; Mardin Hoard Countermark #10 (عدل‎) and #17 (لله)
Rev: Three-quarter length figure of the Virgin orans facing, nimbate, wearing pallium and maphorium; to left of nimbus, M; to right, Θ
Quant.Geek
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C▪II in rectangular punch186 viewsSYRIA: COMMAGENE. Tiberius. 29 (Dupondius). A.D. 19-21. Obv: (TICAESA)RDIVIAVGVSTIFA(VGVS-TVS). Laureate head right; countermark below chin. Rev: (PONT)MAXIMCOSIIIIMPVIITRPO(TXXII). Two crossed cornucopiae, between which winged caduceus. Ref: RPC 3868; RIC 90. Axis: 360. Weight: 13.36 g. CM: C▪II in rectangular punch, 6.5 x 4.5 mm. Howgego -. Collection Automan.Automan
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C▪II in rectangular punch137 viewsSYRIA: COMMAGENE. Tiberius. 29 (Dupondius). A.D. 19-21. Obv: (TICAESA)RDIVIAVGVSTIFA(VGVS-TVS). Laureate head right; countermark below chin. Rev: (PONT)MAXIMCOSIIIIMPVIITRPO(TXXII). Two crossed cornucopiae, between which winged caduceus. Ref: RPC 3868; RIC 90. Axis: 360. Weight: 13.36 g. CM: C▪II in rectangular punch, 6.5 x 4.5 mm. Ref: Howgego -. Collection Automan.Automan
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C.Mamilius C. f. Limetanus & Argos + Ulysses12 viewsRome, Republic, Denarius serratus, with letter M. C.Mamilius C. f. Limetanus, 82 BC. Dr. bust of Mercury right earing winged petasus, caduceus over shoulder, control letter behind. Rev: Ulysses walking right holding staff, his right hand extended toward Argos the dog, C MAMIL on left, LIMETAN (TA in monogram) on right. CRR 741. Sear RCV I: 282, RSC Mamilia 6, with countermarkPodiceps
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c/m owl, Pergamon8 viewsc/m owl, Pergamon

click to see the coin
shanxi
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CAГ155 viewsSYRIA: SELEUCIS & PIERIA. Laodiceia ad Mare. Septimius Severus. 28. A.D. 193-198 (i.e. before Laodiceia became colony). Obv: (AYT)KAI(CEΠ)-CE(OYHPOC). Laureate head right; countermark bafore chin. Rev: IEYΛ-ΛAOΔI-CEOVHM-(HTPOΠ-OΛEΩ) or sim. in laurel-wreath. Ref: BMC 85 or 86. Axis: 360. Weight: 15.04 g. CM: CAГ in rectangular punch, 6 x 3.5 mm. Howgego 581 (116 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
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CAΓ and COL178 viewsSYRIA: SELEUCIS & PIERIA. Laodiceia ad Mare. Septimius Severus. 31.A.D. 197-211. Obv: IMP(CAESL) or similar. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Septimius Severus right, before and partly obscuring draped bust of Julia Domna, also right; 2 countermarks: (1) on bust of Septimums Severus, (2) before bust of Julia Domna. Rev: (SEVERMETROPOLI-SEPT) or similar. Marsyas walking left, with wine-skin over shoulder. Ref: SNG Cop. Suppl. 8/249; BMC -; Lindgren (III) 1204 similar (Caracalla). Axis: 45. Weight: 20.46 g. CM(1): Monogram of CAΓ (?), in largely rectangular punch, 5 x 3 mm. Howgego 581 (116 pcs). CM(2): COL in largely rectangular punch, 6.5 x 3 mm. Howgego 586 (88 pcs). Note: The CM was applied after the city achieved status as colony in A.D. 197/198, allowing older coins to circulate alongside newer coins with Latin legends, although the countermark was also applied to coins with inscriptions in Latin. All coins bearing countermark (2) also bear (1). Collection AutomanAutoman
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Caesarea, Mt. Argaeus, countermark26 viewsCaracalla, Caesarea, Mt. Argaeus, 205/6 A.D. Obverse: ΑΥ ΚΑΙ Μ ΑΥΡ ΑΝΤΩΝΙΝΟC; radiate, laureate head right. Reverse: ΜΗΤΡΟΠ KAICAPEI, ETIΓ, Agalma of Mt. Argaeus on altar. Countermark: head in circular punch. Ex Gerhard Rohde.Podiceps
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CAG and COL195 viewsCaracalla and Plautilla, 202 - 22 January 205 A.D., Laodicea ad Mare, Syria
9074. Bronze AE 32, SNG Cop 367, S -, Lindgren -; c/m Howgego 581 (116 pcs) & 586 (88 pcs), F, Laodicea ad Mare mint, 25.64g, 32.3mm, 0o, obverse legend illegible and unknown from references, ]PET[, jugate heads right of Caracalla, radiate, draped, and cuirassed, and Plautilla, draped, countermarks; reverse [SEPT LLVDIC COLONE METROPLI] (illegible), statue of Artemis Brauronia right, stag behind; all inscriptions are illegible on the SNG Copenhagen coin as well; scarce; $180.00
The countermarks, CAG in rectangular 5 x 3 mm punch (Howgego 581, 116 pcs) and COL in rectangular 6.5 x 3 mm punch (Howgego 586, 88 pcs), were applied after the city became a colony in 197/198, allowing older coins to circulate alongside newer coins with Latin legends. (Although the countermark was also applied to coins Such as this one with Latin inscriptions). All coins countermarked COL also bear CAG. Forum catalog.
whitetd49
Caligula_RIC_I_38.jpg
Caligula, AE As, RIC I 38, Countermarked5 viewsGaius Germanicus "Caligula"
Augustus, 37 - 41 A.D.

Coin: AE As

Obverse: C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT, bare headed bust facing left.
Reverse: VESTA, Vesta, seated to the left, S - C across the fields.

Weight: 8.89 g, Diameter: 28.5 x 27 x 2 mm, Die axis: 200, Mint: Rome, struck between 37-38 A.D. Reference: RIC I 38, Countermark: "TI.C.A" on the obverse side, done in the reign of his successor, Claudius (Tiberius Claudius Augustus).
Masis
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Cantharos201 viewsTHRACE. Maroneia. Julia Domna. 23 (3 Assaria). A.D. 198-217. Obv: IOYΛIA-ΔOMNACEB. Draped bust right; countermark on bust, below chin. Rev: MAPΩN-EITΩN. Naked figure of Dionysus standing, facing left, holding bunch of grapes in right hand, arrows and drapery in left. Ref: BMC -; Moushmov 3966. 30, 8.15 g. Very rare. Cm: Vase or cantharos (?) in circular punch, 5 mm, Howgego 485 (2 pcs). Maroneia was commonly associated with Dionysus, and one of Dionysus attributes was the cantharos, so the identification of the countermark as such is logical.Automan
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CAP/▪Δ‾, Serapis and bust170 viewsLYDIA. Tripolis (?). Commodus (?). 32. A.D. 175-177. Obv: Dr. bust r.; 3 CMs. Ref: SNG Aul -; SNG Cop -. Weight: 19.49 g. Note: The identif. of the coin is consistent with other specimens bearing cm (2), which are from Tripolis, bear the portrait of Faustina Jr., and are around 30 mm. CM(1): CAP, ▪Δ‾, in 2 lines, in oval punch, 10 x 9 mm. Howg. 561 (46 pcs). Note: The "dash" to the right of the Δ might indicate that the denom. is 4 1/2 assaria. This, and other denominational countermarks, were applied at Sardis to worn coins of other cities in w. Roman Asia, although not to Sardian coins (unless worn smooth). Appl. may have taken place during the sole reign of Gallienus, the reason being that coins bearing the portr. of Gallienus have been found cm'd, while a cm'd coin has been found bearing the cm of another city consistent with this date. CM(2): Hd of Serapis r., in modius, n circ. punch, 4 mm. How. 20 (3 pcs). CM(3): Bust in circ punch, 5 mm. How. 95 ? (2 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
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Capricorn193 viewsMACEDON. Philippi. Tiberius. 18 (Semis). A.D. 14-37. Obv: TI.AVG. Bare head right; countermark on neck. Rev: Two colonists ploughing right with two oxen. Ref: BMC 89-91 (MYSIA. Parium). Axis: 360. Weight: 4.27 g. CM: Capricorn, right (?), in circular punch, 4 mm. Howgego 301v (?). Note: The application of the capricorn, a standard type of Parium (Mysia) to which the host coin was traditionally attributed, may have indicated a devaluation of the coin. Collection Automan.Automan
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Capricorn200 viewsMACEDON. Philippi. Tiberius. 17 (Semis). A.D. 14-37. Obv: TI.AVG. Bare head right; countermark on neck. Rev: Two colonists ploughing right with two oxen. Ref: BMC 89-91 (MYSIA. Parium). Axis: 360. Weight: 4.91 g. CM: Capricorn right, in rectangular punch, 5 x 3-3.5 mm. Howgego 302 (2 pcs). Note: The application of the capricorn, a standard type of Parium (Mysia) to which the host coin was traditionally attributed, may have indicated a devaluation of the coin. Collection Automan.Automan
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Capricorn left in square punch176 viewsMACEDON. Philippi. Claudius. 16. A.D. 41-54. Obv: (TICLAV-AVG). Bare hear left; countermark on neck. Rev: Two priests/colonists ploughing right. Ref: RPC 1660. Axis: 180. Weight: 4.43 g. CM: Capricorn left, in square punch, 3 mm. Howgego 303 (16 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
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Car of Astarte166 viewsPHOENICIA. Sidon. Severus Alexander. 24. A.D. 222-235. Obv: (IMPCAEMAV)RSE-VALE(XANDR). Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; countermark before face. Rev: COLAVR-(RIA-MET)RO, SID in ex. Car of Astarte on two wheels with four columns supporting roof; within spherical object (Baetyl), inverted crescent above, two uncertain figures at base. Ref: BMC 318-319 (var. obv. leg. breaks). Axis: 165. Weight: 9.26 g. CM: Car of Astarte, in square punch, 4.5 mm. Howgego 396i (53 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
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Car of Astarte134 viewsPHOENICIA. Sidon. Severus Alexander. 24. A.D. 222-235. Obv: (IMPCA)EMAVRSE-(VALEXANDR). Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; countermark behind neck. Rev: COLAVR-RIA-ME(TRO), SID in ex. Car of Astarte on two wheels with four columns supporting roof; within spherical object (Baetyl), two uncertain figures at base. Ref: BMC 318-319 (var. obv. leg. breaks). Axis 360. Weight: 9.49 g. CM: Car of Astarte, in rectangular punch, 4 x 5 mm. Howgego 396i (53 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
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Caracalla (?) and ΔIOΓ (?)179 viewsMYSIA. Hadrianothera. Caracalla. 24. Circa A.D. 198-209. Obv: AVTKMAVP.-AN(TΩNEINO). Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; 2 countermarks, both before bust. Rev: AΔPIANO-ΘHPITΩ-N. Bull standing right. Ref: BMC 7. Axis: 180. Weight: 9.32 g. CM(1): Laureate and bearded head right, likely of (mature) Caracalla, in oval punch, 5 x 6.5 mm. Howgego 69 (9 pcs). CM(2): Monogram of ΔIOΓ (?) in rectangular punch, 4 x 5 mm. Howgego 615 (20 pcs). Note: Howgego cites von Fritze who interprets the countermark as referring to the magistrate Diogenes, whose name appears on other coins bearing the same countermark. Collection Automan.Automan
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Caracalla (?), head right138 viewsBITHYNIA. Nikomedia. Marcus Aurelius. 29. A.D. 161-169. Obv: Inscription illegible. Draped bust of Marcus Aurelius to left, facing draped bust of Lucius Verus to right. Rev: NEO(K...-...), OMONΩ(I)A in ex. Female deity seated left, holding spear and patera (?), inside tetrastyle temple; countermark on architrave. Ref: BMC -. Axis: 180. Weight: 14.84 g. CM: Laureate head right (Caracalla?), in circular punch, 7 mm. Howgego 67 (48 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
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Caracalla (head of)152 viewsBITHYNIA. Nicomedia. Marcus Aurelius. 24. A.D. 161-169. Obv: (AYTKAIM)AVP-ANTΩ(NINOC). Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; countermark on neck. Rev: (AVTKAIΛ)AVP-OYHP(OCNIKOM). Head of Lucius Verus right. Ref: SNG Aul 761; BMC 23; Sear GIC 1703. Axis: 195. Weight: 8.59 g. CM: Laureate head of emperor right, in circular punch, 6.5 mm. Howgego 67 (48 pcs). Note: May have been applied because Caracalla spent his birthday 4/4 215 in Nicomedia; Other specimens have the countermark applied to the reverse, but this coin has an imperial portrait on both sides, so the rev-obv. distinction may not have been an easy one for the person applying the countermark. Collection Automan.Automan
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Caracalla --AE32, Cilicia, Diokaisarea. 592 viewsObv.: Laureate bust of Caracalla, eagle & T-bolt countermarks. Rev.: Athena, riding quadriga, holding thunderbolt and snake-fringed shield. SNG Levante 673 (same eagle-countermark, same dies but not the thunderbolt-countermark); Howgego 337 (for same two countermarks on one coin). (featherz)featherz
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Caracalla from Cilicia70 viewsCaracalla --AE32, Cilicia, Diokaisarea. Obv.: Laureate bust of Caracalla, eagle & T-bolt countermarks. Rev.: Athena, riding quadriga, holding thunderbolt and snake-fringed shield. SNG Levante 673 (same eagle-countermark, same dies but not the thunderbolt-countermark); Howgego 337 (for same two countermarks on one coin).1 commentsfeatherz
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Caracalla Lyre Caria46 viewsCaracalla, Caria (Alabanda), 198 - 217 AD, 26mm, 11.10g, BMC 43, SNG Cop 16,
OBV: AVKMAVPANTΩNINO, Laureate and cuirassed bust right, countermark of a youthful male head to rt.
REV: AΛABANΔEΩN, Lyre
Countermark is Howgego 52, radiate head of emperor.

RARE
1 commentsRomanorvm
27 Nike Countermark.JPG
Caracalla, Nikaea, Nike countermark94 viewsAE26, 198-217 AD
Obv: Laureate head right, Nike Countermark to left.
Rev:Fortuna standing with rudder.
26mm, 10.8 gm
Same obv. die as Recueil Generale pl. LXXIX.30
3 commentsjdholds
Caracalla_Perge_Artemis_AE18_3_1g.jpg
Caracalla, Perge, Artemis, AE1840 views18mm, 3.1g
obv: AV K M A[VP...ANTO] NINOC CE B; laureate, draped (and cuirassed?) bust right, countermark (owl or eagle?)
rev: ΠEPΓAIΩN; Artemis facing, head right, holding arrow in right, bow in left hand
areich
Caracalla_Tium_Asklepios_AE25_10.0g.jpg
Caracalla, Tium, Asklepios, AE2582 viewsBITHYNIA. Tium. Caracalla; A.D. 209-217
15mm, 10.0g, 30
Obv: ANTΩNEINOC-AVΓOVCTO(C); laureate head right; countermark on neck.
Rev: TIA-NΩN. Aesculapis standing facing, head left, holding serpent-encircled staff.
Ref: BMC -; SNG von Aulock 965.
CM: S (lunate sigma) in circular punch, 7 mm. Howego 809 (47 pcs).
Note: While the latest coin bearing this countermark listed by Howgego was issued for Gordian III, considering that other coins bearing denominational countermarks were issues as late as Hostilian, the countermark was likely not applied until the time of Valerian and Gallienus.

ex Automan (description stolen from him)
GICV -
areich
Caracalla-Perga.JPG
Caracalla-Perga27 viewsPAMPHYLIA, Perga
Caracalla. 28. Circa A.D. 209-217.
Obverse: AKMAY-ANTΩN(EINOC)-CEB. Laureate bust right; 2 countermarks: (1) before bust, below chin, (2) below (1).
Reverse: ΠEP-ΓAI-Ω-N.Emperor in military outfit standing left, holding spear, raising right hand, crowned by Nike, holding palm-branch.
27mm, 10.59 g.
CM(1): Eagle facing, head right (?), wings open, in oval punch, 4 x 5 mm. Howgego 334 (50 pcs).
CM(2): A.K. in rectangular punch, 5 x 3 mm. Howgego 513 (43 pcs).
Note: Countermark (2) was applied earlier than (1) which is found on coins of Severus Alexander while countermark (2) is not found on coins struck later than the reign of Elagabalus.
Jerome Holderman
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Caria, Aphrodisias (AD 200-250) AE 24. Senate/Aphrodite32 viewsImperial Times, ca 200-250 AD. AE24. IЄPA CV - NKΛHTOC, diademed bust of Senate right; countermark. / AΦPOΔЄI-CIЄΩN, Aphrodite standing facing, holding scepter and apple.
BMC 31; SNG Copenhagen -
ancientone
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Caria, Attuda, Men / temple, AE2330 views23mm, 5.31g
obv: MHN KAROV; bust of Mn Karou right, wearing Phrygian cap, uncertain countermark
rev: A-TTOV-Δ - EΩN, large garlanded altar of Mn, on it, three pinecones, two small flaming altars between

BMC 18, p. 65, #18
areich
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CCO (?),CAГ and Artemis179 viewsSYRIA: SELEUCIS & PIERIA. Laodiceia ad Mare. Domitian. 25. A.D. 84/85 (year 132). Obv: (ΔOMETIANΩKAICAPICEBACTΩГEPMANIKOΩ, BΛP in front of bust) or similar. Laureate head left; 3 countermarks: (1) before face, (2) on neck, (3) on neck, on top of (2). Rev: (IOYΛIEΩNTΩN)-KAI-(ΛAOΔIKEΩN), or similar, uncertain letters in field. Veiled and turreted bust of city-goddess right. Ref: RPC 2027-2030. Axis: 30. Weight: 8.45 g. CM(1): CCO (?) in shaped punch, 6 x 3 mm. Howgego -. Note: May be a blundered variant form of Howgego 586, which reads "COL". CM(2): CAГ in rectangular punch, 6 x 3.5 mm. Howgego 581 (116 pcs). CM(3): Artemis, bust right, quiver over shoulder, in rectangular punch, 3.5 x 5 mm. Howgego 181 (15 pcs). Collection Automan.1 commentsAutoman
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Celtic AR-Tetradrachm, with countermark,177 viewsCeltic Ar-Tetradrachm, with countermark,
avers:-,
reverse:-,
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 22,0mm, weight: 13,29g, axes: h,
mint: , date: , ref: ,
Q-001
quadrans
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Celtic imitation of Macedon AE 2251 viewsoverstrike

Serdi region
? (original Macedonian issue 185-168 BC)
head of rivergod Strymon right
wide trident
MAKE / ?ΔONΩN?
H countermark
type E3A
imitation of: SNG Copenhagen 1298-9 var.
6,70g 22mm

Wave on Strymon's face is relic of original coin also there is slightly visible inscription (perpendicular to trident).

original coin probably is:

Thessalonica
158-31 BC
head of Dionysos with ivy wreath right
goat standing right
ΘEΣΣA_ΛO / N_IK_HΣ
(NE) / ? other monograms
Sear #1466; BMC Macedonia p. 110, 10 - 16

Imitations from Serdi region weren't used to fool Macedonian traders but as their own currency. This coin is one of overstrikes on official Macedonian coins which prooves this theory.
Johny SYSEL
Strymon30.jpg
CELTIC, Celtic imitation - AE 22180 viewsoverstrike

Serdi region
? (original Macedonian issue 185-168 BC)
head of rivergod Strymon right
wide trident
MAKE / ?ΔONΩN?
type: type E3A
imitation of: SNG Copenhagen 1298-9 var.
6,70g 22mm

Wave on Strymon's face is relic of original coin also there is slightly visible inscription (perpendicular to trident).
original coin probably is:

Thessalonica
158-31 BC
head of Dionysos with ivy wreath right
goat standing right
ΘEΣΣA_ΛO / N_IK_HΣ
(NE) / ? other monograms
Sear #1466; BMC Macedonia p. 110, 10 - 16

Imitations from Serdi region weren't used to fool Macedonian traders but as their own currency. This coin is one of overstrikes on official Macedonian coins which prooves this theory.
Johny SYSEL
IMGP0087Charcombo.jpg
Charakene, Attembelos IV, ca. 53 - 64 AD19 viewsAE tdr, 15,01gr, 25,38mm,
SGIC 5924var. (Attambelos III.), Mitch. ACW 729var. (Attambelos III.),
mint: Charax Spasinou (?), axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, right, w/diadem and 2 ribbons; medium-long hair in 7 spiral locks, short beard; countermark monogram in neck area;
rev.: naked Herakles on rock or omphalos resting club on knee;
ex: Baltimore Coin Show.
Schatz
Picture_4.png
Cilicia, Olba Æ66 viewsCilicia, Olba
c. 1st C. AD
3.61g
Obv: Temple of Zeus Olbius.
Rev: Thunderbolt.
Interesting countermark of Griffin??
1 commentsmihali84
soloi_grapes_res.jpg
CILICIA, SOLOI18 views430 - 390 BC
AE 16 mm; 3.6 g
O: Head of Athena right; countermark of mongram in circle to left
R: ΣOΛEΩN (on left), cluster of grapes; monogram to right
Soloi; SNG Lev. 856 Rare
laney
tarsos_sandan_pyre_res.jpg
CILICIA, TARSOS36 views2nd to 1st Century B.C.
AE 21 mm; 6.63 g
O: Veiled and turreted head of Tyche, right; countermark beneath chin.
R: Pyramidal Pyre of Sandan containing figure of Sandan on lion, all on a garlanded square base, eagle at apex.
1 commentslaney
tyche_sandan_tars.jpg
CILICIA, TARSOS15 views2nd to 1st Century B.C.
AE 16 mm, 2.90 g
O: Veiled and turreted head of Tyche, right; countermark beneath chin.
R: Pyramidal Pyre of Sandan containing figure of Sandan on lion, all on a garlanded square base, eagle at apex.
laney
Gordian_III_Seleuceia_ad_Calycadnum,_Cilicia.jpg
CILICIA. Seleukeia ad Kalykadnon. Gordian II34 viewsAE 29 /13.27g)
obv. MAP ANTΩΝ ΓΟΡΔΙΑΝΟC.
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
rev. CEΛEVKEΩN TΩ ΠPOC TΩ KAΛV.
Athena advancing right, holding aegis and spear, attacking snake-legged giant

Obverse countermarked with monogram of K and A
Second countermark contains dot, in triangular punch
HG
SNG_Lev_763var_238-244_Gordianus_III.jpg
Cilicia_Seleucia ad Calycadnum_Gordianus_III_SNG Lev 763 var.9 viewsGordianus III.
AE, Cilicia, Seleucia ad Calycadnum
Struck: 238-244 / 28-32 mm / 11,69 g

Av: ΜΑΡ ΑΝΤΩ-Ν ΓΟΡΔΙΑΝΟC
Radiate, cuirassed and draped bust right seen from behind
Countermark: Howgego 670

Rv: C[ΕΛΕΥ]ΚΕ-ΩΝ ΤΩ Π[ΡΟ]C / ΤΩ / ΚΑΛΥ
Athena Alcidemus advancing right, attacking anguipede Giant, raising hands in defense

Reference: SNG Lev 763 var.
Andicz
Civic_Tium_TycheAndZeus_AE30_11_9g.jpg
Civic, Tium, Tyche and Zeus, AE3058 viewsBITHYNIA, Tium. Civic Issue. Circa AD 220-240. 30mm (11.92 g). Diademed and draped bust of Tius right; c/m: H surmounted by star within circular incuse / TIA-N-WN, Tyche standing right, holding sceptre, facing Zeus standing left, also holding sceptre and sacrificing over altar between them. RG pg. 617, 10; BMC -; SNG Copenhagen -; SNG von Aulock 923 (same obverse die); Howgego 825 (for countermark). Good Fine, light brown patina, some minor surface striations.


From the Garth R. Drewry Collection; Ex The Philip DeVicci Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 57, 28 March 2001), lot 800.
same obverse die as GICV 4894
1 commentsareich
K_003.JPG
Class = K [003]77 views8.01 grams
25.8 mm
Attributed to ALEXIUS I, Comnenus (1081-1118)
SEAR 1901
multiple "Mardin" type countermarks:
Types 1 and 13, plus one unidentifiable
2 commentscmcdon0923
t10~0.JPG
Claudius Sestertius Countermarked10 viewsDVP - Dupondius, struck upon worn specimens of sestertii and downgrading their value by half.ecoli
Claudius_Britannicus.jpg
Claudius and Britannicus - Thessalonica35 viewsAE 23
53-54 AD
bare head of Claudius left
countermark
TI KΛAYΔIOC KAICAP CΕΒACTOC
draped bust of Britanniccus left
BPETANNIKOC ΘECCAΛONI
RPC 1588
7,22g 23,5-21,5mm

tooled haircut
Johny SYSEL
ClaudiusSest1.jpg
Claudius Underweight Sestertius18 viewsObv: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG PM TR P IMP - Laureate head right - Countermarked DV

Rev: SPES AVGVSTA - Spes advancing left, holding flower and raising skirt

Rome 41-50 A.D.

Downgraded to a Dupondius
BamaCS
010~0.JPG
Cleoniceras Ammonite55 viewsCleoniceras Ammonite: Ammolite
140 million years old
found in Mahajanga, Madagascar.

Ammonites are extinct cephalopods that lived in the oceans millions of years ago and are ancestors to the modern-day squid, octopus, and chambered nautilus. Ammonites were wide spread around the globe and flourished for 100s of millions of years. These ammonites date to about 140mya and come from the area around Mahajanga, Madagascar. Ammonites were first called Ammons Stones for their resemblance to the rams horns of Ammon, ancient Egyptian God of life and procreation.



The photo between is of a living relative, the Nautilus.



"A countermarked coin described here provides evidence that ancient Greeks created artistic portrayals of ammonite fossils, although they probably valued them more for their religious significance rather than for their significance for the study of natural history."
http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_hb3284/is_314_81/ai_n29405665/
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
chalkis_diosc_b.jpg
COELE SYRIA, CHALKIS--PTOLEMAIOS15 views85 - 40 B.C
AE 20 mm; 5.82 g
Tetrarchy of Chalkis, PtolemaiosAE
O: Zeus (or tetrarch) right, countermark on neck
R: Dioscuri (Castor and Pollux) standing facing with spears, heads confronted
Chalkis sub Libano mint, Herman 1, SNG Cop 413, HGC 9 1439 (S), BMC Galatia -
laney
Commagene,_Kings,_Antiochos_IV__Epiphanes__A_D__38-72__BA_I_E___ME__ANTIOXO__E_I_KOMMA-_HNON_Q-001_0h_27,5-28mm_12,8ga-s.jpg
Commagene, Kings, Antiochos IV. Epiphanes, (38-72 A.D.), BMC 17-19., AE-28, KOMMA-ΓHNON, Scorpion, R!148 viewsCommagene, Kings, Antiochos IV. Epiphanes, (38-72 A.D.), BMC 17-19., AE-28, KOMMA-ΓHNON, Scorpion, R!
avers: - BAΣIΛEΩΣ ME ANTIOXOΣ EΠI, Diademed and draped bust right, anchor countermark on the neck.
revers: - KOMMA-ΓHNON, Scorpion within wreath.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter:27,5-28mm, weight:12,8g, axis:0h,
mint: Commagene, Kings, date:38-72A.D., ref: RPC 3854, BMC 6-7, SNG Cop 1, Sear Greek Imperial Coins 5507,
Q-001
quadrans
CommodusCM.jpg
Commodus Provincial Countermark40 views[Α Κ?] Μ ΑΥ ΚΟ ΑΝΤΩΝΙΝΟΣ
laureate head of Commodus, r.

ΜΗΤΡΟΠΟ ΝΕΩ ΝΙΚΟ
seafaring hero (an Argonaut?) standing with foot on prow, r., head, l., extending r. hand, holding transverse sceptre

Countermark of "young Emperor" facing right (Caracalla?)

177192 AD
Nicomedia Bithynia-Pontus; Bithynia

REC 152

SOLD
Titus Pullo
com8OR.jpg
Commodus, Rec 282(2)29 viewsNicaea mint, Commodus, 184-190 A.D. AE, 28mm 9.35g, Rec 282(2)
O: A K M AY KO ANTΩNIN, laureate head, right, (uncertain countermark: Winged Victory standing right holding wreath)
R: NIKAIEΩN, turreted and draped bust of Nymph Nicaea wearing ivy wreath, r.
casata137ec
Commodus_Tmolos-Aureliopolis_Tyche_Tmolos_AE30_13_34_g.jpg
Commodus, Tmolos-Aureliopolis, Tmolos crowning Tyche, AE3042 viewsCommodus, 177-192 AD, Tmolos-Aureliopolis / Tmolus-Aureliopolis, Lydia

30mm, 13.34g

obv: AV K M AVP KOMMOΔOC; laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; countermark Δ on head
rev: AΠOΛΛΩNIΔHC CTPA ANЄΘ / AVPHΛIO / TMΩ; city-goddess, turreted, seated right, holding on her knee cista mystica; behind, mountain-god Tmolos, naked but for nebris round body, advancing right, placing a wreath upon her head with his right and holding in left over his shoulder a branch of wine with three bunches of grapes (?)

BMC Lydia, p. 324, No. 5, SNG Aulock -, SNG Leypold -, SNG Righetti -, Imhoof-Blumer KM -, Lydische Stadtmnzen -, Lindgren I + III -, Sear GIC

ex R&W
areich
Commodus-Corinth.JPG
Commodus-Corinth28 viewsCORINTHIA, Corinth
Commodus. 25. A.D. 177-192.
Obverse: IMPCOMMODVS-(ANTONINVS AVG) or similar. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; countermark before bust.
Reverse: CLI-(COR).Nike walking right, holding wreath and palm.
BMC 640-641v (size).
25mm, 9.89 g.
CM: Laureate bust right, in oval punch, 4 x 5 mm. Howgego 56 (89 pcs). Note: Likely applied after circa A.D. 205, the vast majority of coins bearing this countermark are from Corinth
Jerome Holderman
DSCN6990.JPG
Constantine X Doukas 1059 - 67 AE 25-29mm8 viewsConstantine X Doukas 1059 - 67

Obv. Eudocia on l., Constantine bearded on r., stg. facing holding cross between them labarum with cross on shaft resting on three steps each wearing crown and loros.

Rev. + KWN T AK EVAK AVTO or similar . countermark near the center is Mardin #14, with the Arabic name 'Imad. It is attributed to the Zengid ruler 'Imad al-din Zengi II, Atabeg of Sinjar and Nisibin (565-94 AH / 1169-97 AD), probably applied at the mint of Nisibin.
Lee S
Corinth_1.PNG
Corinth 306 - 303 B.C3 viewsCorinth 306 - 303 B.C.

obverse. Pegasus flying left, Countermarked

reverse. ornate trident

8mm
Macedonian Warrior
049-Septimius-Severus_AE-24-xx_xxIVLxxL-SEP-SEV-xx-laureate-head-right-with-Countermark_CLI_COR_BMC-xx_Corinth_Q-001_5h_24mm_6,79gx-s.jpg
Corinth, Corinth, 049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), AE-24, Demeter standing right,62 viewsCorinth, Corinth, 049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), AE-24, Demeter standing right,
avers:- xxIVLxxL-SEP-SEV-xx, Laureate head right with Countermark (Yung boy head right).
revers:- CLI-COR, Demeter (?) standing right, holding sceptre (?) and patera.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 24mm, weight: 6,79g, axes: 5h,
mint: Corinth, date: 193-211 A.D., ref: ???,
Q-001
quadrans
193.jpg
Cornucopiae151 viewsSYRIA: SELEUCIS & PIERIA. Antiochia ad Orontem. Domitian. 26 (Large denomination, dupondius?). A.D. 81-83. Obv: IMPDO(MITI)-ANVSC(AESAVG). Laureate head left; countermark (1) on shoulder, countermark (2) to right of bust. Rev: S C, Δ beneath, all within laurel-wreath. Ref: RPC 2023. Axis: 360. Weight: 14.73 g. CM: Cornucopiae containing two bunches of grapes, in circular punch, 7 mm. Howgego 402 (3 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
elag20~0.jpg
Countermark (Helios) on Elagabalus --AE 37, Cappadocia. Struck 219 AD. 327 viewsRadiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, with aegis on chest; c/m radiate head of helios right / Mt. Argaeus; on summit, nude figure holding globe and sceptre; in field, star and crescent; before mountain, tetrastyle temple; on each side, an agonistic urn. Sydenham 520b; SNG von Aulock 6499; c/m: Howgego 12. (featherz)featherz
tn_counter2.jpg
Countermark (Hippocamp) on Gortyna -- AE21. 301 viewsLaureate head of Zeus right/Europa riding bull left; countermark hippocamp left. Svoronos 120 var. (no countermark); SNG Copenhagen -; BMC Crete pg. 45, 66 var. (same). (featherz)featherz
philipp.jpg
Countermark (star) on unidentified GREEK AE65 viewsHerakles with lion skin - young rider
countermark star
Franz-Josef M
Countermark_Bee.jpg
Countermark Bee on Antiochos II 13 viewsCountermark Bee (Ephesos ?)
on worn
Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochos II Theos
261-246 B.C.
Obv.: Head of Apollo right, hair falling in curls
Rev.: [B]A[ΣIΛ]E[ΩΣ] ANTIOX[OΥ], tripod
AE, 14.4mm, 3g
shanxi
076n.jpg
Countermark consisting of circular object above and below roughly triangular object on Caracalla AE27203 viewsCARIA. Stratonicea. Caracalla. 27. Circa A.D. 196-209. Obv: MAPAYPHΛIOC(). Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; countermark before head. Rev: (CT)PA-TON().Zeus (?) seated left, holding spear and patera. Ref: BMC -. Axis: 180. Weight: 14.66 g. Note: The attribution of this coin is uncertain. CM: Circular object above and below roughly triangular object, in oval punch, 3.5 x 8 mm. Howgego -.Note: The countermark is not listed by Howgego and it is uncertain what the geometrical objects are meant to symbolise. Collection Automan.1 commentsAutoman
maxmin13.jpg
Countermark Crazy! :)128 viewsMaximinus I --AE33, Ninica-Claudiopolis. Draped bust of Maximinus R/Draped bust of Maximus R.. SNG France 2, 796. Multiple c/m.4 commentsfeatherz
204.jpg
Countermark of Aurelius and Verus (?)162 viewsUncertain mint, possibly PHOENICIA. Ptolemais (Akko)? Uncertain emperor, possibly Trajan. 22. A.D. 98-117 (?). Obv: Inscription illegible. (Laureate head right?).Rev: Inscription illegible. (Tyche seated right?); countermark. Weight: 9.39 g. CM: Two facing bearded busts (Aurelius and Verus?), in rectangular punch, 6 x 4.5 mm. Howgego 50 ? (2 pcs). Note: Howgego 50 is the only countermark resembling this one, although the identification is uncertain. The speciment illustratd by Howgego, is also heavily worn, though. Collection Automan.Automan
0116lyc2[1].jpg
Countermark of KALLATIS on LYSIMACHUS (Lysimachos) 305-281 BCE138 viewsMint, Thrace
Obverse: Head of Athena attic helmet.
Reverse: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛΥΣIMAXOΥ, lion running jumping right, spearhead below
Nice smooth, deep-green patina. SNG COP 1149-1151, McClean 4499. s.sch.4.80g/22mm
NORMAN K
Atheny~0.jpg
Countermark on Athens - AR tetradrachm 182 views431-393 BC
head of Athena right - almond shaped eye, crested helmet with olive leaves and floral scroll
owl standing right, head facing, olive sprig and crescent left
AΘE right
Phoenician contermark
bēth yōdh (yōdh~hand; bēth~house
(Type C), Sear 2526
RARE CONTERMARK
16,5 g 22 mm
Johny SYSEL
normal_Athens_Owl~0.jpg
Countermark on Athens Owl285 viewsAttica-Athens
Silver tetradrachm
449-414 B.C.
17g, 24mm, 45o
Interesting Countermark on reverse
1 commentskypros84
avg~0.jpg
Countermark on Augustus As196 viewsAugustus as with countermarkCibalia
_T2eC16V,!)QE9s3HFdodBQhF6YhUgQ~~60_57.JPG
Countermark on coin of Septimius Severus904 viewsSeptimius Severus AE45 medallion of Acrasus, Lydia. 43.5 gr.

AYT KAI L CEP CEOYHROC PER, laureate, draped cuirassed bust
right, countermark of Artemis Ephesia standing facing (Howgego 234.)
EPI CTRA ONHCIPFOROY APOLL TO B AKRACIWTWN (or [2] EPI CTR
FILODHMOY NOYMERIANOY AKRACIWTWN), Biga of stags right
with statue of Artemis Ephesia standing half right with supports.

SNG von Aulock 2883; Hirsch Collection 1571; [2] SNG Cop 6.

From The Sam Mansourati Collection
2 commentsSam
new2.jpg
Countermark on Commodus --AE25. 324 viewsCommodus --AE25. Laodicea ad Mare, City Goddess in temple. 'gamma' countermark on cheek. SGI 2044. (featherz)featherz
tn_sidon.jpg
Countermark on Elagabalus --AE24, Sidon.267 viewsElagabalus --AE24, Sidon. R: Kadmos subduing lion (?) or Artemis w/Lion, Cart of astarte above. BM262. Unknown c/m (featherz)featherz
tn_gordian26.jpg
Countermark on Gordian III --AE26, Temnus.261 viewsGordian III --AE26, Temnus. R: Herakles standing left with club, lionskin and kantharos. Unknown c/m on obverse. (featherz)featherz
123.jpg
Countermark on Greek coin171 viewsI think that the coin is Kings of Bithynia Prusias I Cholos. 230-182 BC. Head of Apollo left, Nike Athena standing left. Countermarks looks like a Lyre and head of Apollo?
Joe Holderman
Arif Isik
1~0~0.jpg
Countermark on reverse of Alexander III, Cyprus Amathus 142 viewsAlexander the great AE
Amathus,Cyprus
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles right
Reverse: Club and quiver,below ,eagle flying left,star over quiver.Between ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ
16.47mm 4.48g
PRICE 3090 ,TZIAMBAZIS 38/3
maik
#23_Unidentified_GREEK_-_obv___rev.png
Countermark on unidentified Greek coin114 viewsusshelby10
double_countermark.jpg
Countermark--2 heads20 views20 mm 6.34 glaney
countermark_augustus.jpg
Countermark--Augustus Julia Trad.22 viewslaney
agrippa-cm.jpg
Countermark: Bust of Hercules14 viewsAgrippa AE As. Countermark: Bust of HercluesHolding_History
cm4.jpg
Countermark: Wreath and Bust8 viewsRoman AE As. Countermarks: Wreath and BustHolding_History
TICAE4267.JPG
Countermarked 23 viewsAE 25, dupondius?

obv. Bust right

2 counter marks, AVG, TICAE (Tiberius?)
Randygeki(h2)
tica4230.JPG
Countermarked 29 viewsAe 23, as?
counter mark, TICA, Claudius?
Randygeki(h2)
elephant.jpg
COUNTERMARKED12 viewsELEPHANT HEAD COUNTERMARKlaney
CounterUnk.jpg
Countermarked Coin158 viewsEmperor: Unknown
Date: Unknown
Condition: Mediocre
Denomination: Unknown

Obverse: Countermark: ||●C●V
Maybe an imitation of TI●C●A

Reverse: Unknown

5.23g; 24.5mm
Pep
tmouse.jpg
Countermarked Troas! :)83 viewsTroas -- AE18. 2nd-1st Century BC. Facing bust of Apollos 3/4 to left, countermarks of mouse and bust of Apollo/Lyre, countermark of horse's head. cf. SNG Cop. 88 (no mouse, head 3/4 to r.). ex: Mabbott Collection Hans Schulman sale, 6/691 commentsfeatherz
cm3.jpg
Countermarks: DVA, Helmet, Dolphin9 viewsAugustus AE As. Bust right, Countermarks: DVA, Helmet / Countermarks: DolphinHolding_History
cm2.jpg
Countermarks: S, AAC, TICA13 viewsAugustus AE As. Countermarks: S (devalued to a semis), AAC, TICA Holding_History
cm1.jpg
Countermarks: S, AVG, TICA 13 viewsAugustus AE As. Countermarks: S (devalued to a semis), AVG, TICA Holding_History
genoa_pul_cm.png
CRIMEA, GOLDEN HORDE, JUJID (with Genoese countermark)10 viewsAnonymous AE-Pul

Obverse: Inscription
Kaffa Genoese trading colony "Christogram" countermark

Reverse: Ornament (pentagram?)

Mint: Uncertain (Bulghar?)

Minted: 14th Century (?) cm - 1420 - 1475

Wt.: 1.78g

Ref: Lunardi -; Zeno #167674 ff; Retowski -
jimbomar
1502.jpg
cyzicus003b3 viewsElagabalus
Cyzicus, Mysia

Obv: AY KAI M AVP AN - TΩΝЄIN..., laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right. Countermark of laureate male head in oval incuse.
Rev: KV / ZIKH / N...N/OPΩ. ethnic in four lines within laurel-wreath.
27 mm, 8.33 gms

RPC Online 3721 variant (reverse legend). Countermark: Howgego 65
Charles M
IMG_4429-horz.jpg
Denarius Licinus Macer, countermarked15 viewsObv: Apollo, thunderbolt in hand
Rev: Minerva in quadriga with shield and speer, in the field LICINVS L F MACER
Diameter: 20-22mm
Weight: 3,67g
RRC 354/1
(on the left bank countermark)
Tomasz P
224.jpg
Dioscuri stg. facing, hld. spears136 viewsUncertain mint. Uncertain emperor. 25. 2nd century A.D. (?). Obv: Inscription illegible. Faint outline of imperial bust; countermark. Rev: Worn smooth. Weight: 8.93 g. CM: Dioscuri standing facing, holding spears, in rectangular punch 7 x 9 mm. Howgego 250 ? (1 pc!). Note: The only "Dioscuri standing" countermark noted by Howgego is applied to an Ascalon bronze from Septimius Severus, dated A.D. 197. Collection Automan.Automan
V4402_Lydia,_Dioshieron__Roman_Imperial_Times_1st-2nd_century_AD,_AE_25mm_.jpg
Dioshieron, AE25, Bust of Senate right/ Hera seated left, cm9 viewsLydia, Dioshieron. Roman Imperial Times 1st-2nd century A.D., AE 25mm (6.76g) IEPA CVNKΛHTOC; Bust of Senate right, countermark (capricorn) in right field, EΠI AΠOΛΛΩNIOY ΔIOCIEPITΩN; In fields: HRA (Hera); Hera seated left, veiled, holding patera and scepter. Imhoof-Blumer, Lydische Stadtmnzen p.65, 7; Howgego 306 (c/m); Ex Gert Boersema, photo credit Gert BoersemaPodiceps
_Divus_Julius_Octavian.jpg
Divus Julius Caesar and Octavian97 viewsMACEDON, Thessalonica. Divus Julius Caesar and Octavian. 28-27 BC? 23mm 7.93g
O: Wreathed head of Julius Caesar right; c/m: ligate NK in circle
R: Bare head of Octavian right; D below.
For coin: Touratsoglou, Thessaloniki, Em. 1, 27 (V5/R25); RPC I 1554; SNG ANS 824; for c/m: Howgego 625.

The D has been interpreted as either a denomination mark (four assaria) or, more likely, a date - year four of the Actian era (28/7 BC). The ligate NK monogram has been generally accepted as a reference to Nero (Nerwn Kaisar). This is problematic considering that Thessalonica had abundant coinages issued under Claudius and Nero, such that countermarking these quite older coins would be unlikely. Touratsoglou (p. 105) follows Kraay's suggestion that the NK is an abbreviation for Nike (NiKh), and was applied to the coins during celebrations of the city's 50th anniversary of its grant of liberty by the Romans. All but two of the known specimens of this countermark occur on the coins of this first issue of Thessalonica, and the wear on the countermarks is nearly identical to that of the coins, suggesting that the countermarks could not have been applied very long after the coins entered circulation.
Nemonater
CsIIDO211.jpg
DO 211 (Heraclius Constantine?) - Countermarked Follis - ca. 641 AD - Constantinople mint192 viewsProbable Emperor: Heraclius Constantine (r. 641 AD) (Countermarks)
Condition: VF
Date: ca. 641 AD
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
To left, Heraclius standing, with mustache and long beard, wearing military dress and crown with cross. He holds in right hand long cross, left hand on hip. To right, Heraclius Constantine standing, with short beard, wearing chlamys and crown with cross; in right hand, globus cruciger. Between heads, cross. To left, ; To right, .

Reverse: Large ""; Above, cross and ; To left, ///; To right, date (Years 20 or 21); Beneath, .
Exergue:
Countermarks: at 120; at 300

Constantinople mint, third officina
DO 211
10.64g; 31.8mm; 180

Struck on a Sear 810, itself overstruck on a previous Follis of Heraclius.
Pep
DomitianLXF.jpg
Domitian Sebaste, Samaria Countermark LXF85 viewsDomitian Ae 25mm, 14.02 g. Sebaste, Samaria. O: Laureate head of Domitian IMP DOMITIANVS CAESAR; Countermark: LXF, of the Tenth Legion Fretensis in rectangular punch. R: Tyche standing to left resting foot on rock(?) holding spear and globe, [CEBAC]THNWN (of the people of Sebaste); in l. field, date: LΘΡ (year 109 = 81/2 AD). Host coin - RPC II 2226, with LXF - Hendin 1613a.

The Tenth Legion probably acquired its name, Fretensis, from the Fretum Siculum, the straits where the legion fought successfully against Sextus Pompey.

It is undoubtedly most famous for its part in the destruction of Jerusalem under General Titus. Starting in 66 CE, Roman armies began fighting their way from the northern parts of Israel, down to Jerusalem.

Titus advanced on Jerusalem near Passover 70 C.E., trapping the residents and pilgrims inside the city. His forces stripped the Judean countryside of trees to build a 4.5-mile-long wall of pointed stakes around the capital.

In that year X Fretensis, in conjunction with V Macedonica, XII Fulminata, and XV Apollinaris, began the five month siege of Jerusalem that would result in what Jewish Bible scholar Alfred Edersheim described as a, tribulation to Israel unparalleled in the terrible past of its history, and unequalled even in its bloody future.

What was the Tenth Legion doing in Sebaste, Samaria? According to some scholars it was perhaps to defend against the appearance of a pseudo-Nero, who had garnered the support of the Parthians.
1 commentsNemonater
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Domitian, AD 81-9631 viewsCILICIA, Flaviopolis.

AE two-assaria.

ΔOMETIANOC KAICAP, laureate head right, countermark of Athena facing right / ΦΛAYIOΠOΛEITWN ETOYC ZI, busts of laureate Dioscuri facing each other; stars above heads. Struck AD 89/90.

RPC II, 1757; BMC, 001; Levante, 1529. Howgego 190, for countermark.

socalcoins
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Domitian, AE29 of Antioch, with countermark14 viewsDomitian, AE 29 of Antioch, 11.55g
Obverse: laureate head left; countermark of Athena (Howgego 150, 245) on neck. Reverse: SC in wreath, letter below obscured due to the application of the countermark on the obverse around RPC II, 289, 2023, countermark Howgego 150, 245. ex areich.

Podiceps
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Draped bust and Δ158 viewsARABIA PETRAEA. Petra. Septimius Severus. 23. A.D. 193-211. Obv: (..)KMAV(...) or similar. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right. Rev: ()MHTPO(). Tyche seated left on rock, holding trophy in right hand and stele in extended left hand (?); countermark (1) behind and (2) below figure of Tyche. Ref: Spijkerman 27-36 (??). Axis: 180. Weight: 8.35 g. Ntoe: It is not certain that this coin comes from Petra, although it seems likely. The obverse legend, however, does not seem to match any of those listed by Spijkerman. CM(1): Draped bust in circular punch, 7 mm. Howgego (?). Note: It is unlikely that this countermark corresponds to Howgego 126, since that countermark is applied to the obverse. CM(2): Δ in triangular punch, 6 x 5 mm. Howgego 801 (?) (19 pcs). Note: It is not certain that this is actually a countermark, since the outline if very faint. Although since it seems too regular to be part of the coin's design, this can not be excluded. Collection Automan.Automan
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Draped female bust right189 viewsUncertain mint. Uncertain emperor. 28. Obv: Inscription illegible. Outline of laureate imperial bust right; countermark on head. Rev: Inscription illegible. Weight: 18.37 g. CM: Draped female bust right, in oval punch, 6 x 9 mm. Howgego - (?). Note: The bust resembles Faustina Sr., but may well depict another empress. Collection Automan.Automan
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Dupondius, RIC 3254 viewsAUGUSTUS 27 B.C.-A.D.14. Dupondius. 8.7g 26mm. Obv. AVGVSTVS TRIBVNIC POTEST within wreath. Rev. C CENSORINVS L F AVG III VIR AAAFF around large SC. Uncertain countermark on rev. RIC 325, Sear RCV I 1661Podiceps
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E in circular punch145 viewsPAMPHYLIA. Side. Gallienus. 30. A.D. 253-260. Obv: AVTKAIΠOAIstarΓAΛΛIH-NOCCEB. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; before bust AI (?) obliterated by countermark. Rev: (CIΔHTΩN-NEΩKOPΩN) or similar. Tyche seated left. Ref: BMC -; SNG France (3) 905. Axis: 360. Weight:14.86 g. Note: This coin was struck during the joint reign of Gallienus and Valerian. CM: E in circular punch, 7.5 mm. Howgego 805 (169 pcs). Note: The coin was devalued to 5 assaria, likely at the same time when (during the reign of Gallienus) coins bearing the denomination "I" (i.e. 10 assaria) were issued. Collection Automan.Automan
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E in circular punch170 viewsPAMPHYLIA. Side. Salonina. 32. A.D. 253-260. Obv: KOPNHΛIA*CAΛΩNIN(A)-CEBA. Draped bust right, wearing stephane; before bust AI or I obliterated by countermark. Rev: CIΔHTΩN-NEΩKOPΩN. Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia. Ref: BMC -. Axis: 30. Weight: 14.37 g. Note: Since the countermark was not applied to coins issued later than the joint reign of Gallienus and Valerian, this coin was likely struck between A.D. 253 and 260. CM: E in circular punch, 7 mm. Howgego 805 (169 pcs). Note: The coin was devalued to 5 assaria, likely at the same time when (during the reign of Gallienus) coins bearing the denomination "I" (i.e. 10 assaria) were issued. Collection Automan.Automan
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E in circular punch160 viewsPAMPHYLIA. Side. Gallienus. 30. A.D. 253-260. Obv: (AV)TKAIΠOAIΓA-ΛΛIHNOCCEB, (I)A before bust. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, below eagle to right with wings spread, head left; star (?) above head; Countermark before bust. Rev: CIΔHTΩN(NE)Ω-KOPΩN. Apollo standing to front, looking left, wearing short chiton, chlamys and high boots; patera in extended right hand, left hand rests on long laurel branch. Ref: BMC 110 (var. rev. leg. Breaks. Axis: 180. Weight: 16.39 g. CM: E in circular punch, 7 mm. Howgego 805 (169 pcs).The coin was devalued to 5 assaria, likely at the same time when (during the reign of Gallienus) coins bearing the denomination "I" (i.e. 10 assaria) were issued. Collection Automan.Automan
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E in circular punch134 viewsPAMPHYLIA. Side. Gordian III. 33. A.D. 238-244. Obv: (A)YKMANT-ГOPΔIANOC. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; Countermark before face. Rev: CI-Δ-H(T)ΩN. Apollo standing to front, looking left, wearing short chiton, chlamys and high boots; patera in extended right hand, left hand rests on long laurel branch. Ref: BMC -. Axis: 180. Weight: 18.51 g. CM: E in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego 803 (37 pcs). Note: Howgego divides "E" countermarks (primarily on coins of Side) into two groups, arguing that there were two distinct periods of countermarking. Howgego then argues that this countermark was likely applied during the reign of Philip, equating old coins to new coins bearing an "E" as part of the design. Collection Automan.Automan
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Eagle174 viewsPAMPHYLIA. Perga. Caracalla. 24. Circa A.D. 209-217. Obv: AYKMAY-ANTΩNINO. Laureate bust right; countermark on neck. Rev: ΠEP-ΓAI-ΩN.Artemis standing right, holding bow and arrow.Ref: SNG Cop. 329v; BMC 37v (size). Axis: 330. Weight: 6.69 g. CM: Eagle facing, head left, wings open, in oval punch, 4 x 5 mm. Howgego 334 (50 pcs). Note: There are also countermarks of eagles with head right, which are more common. Collection Automan.Automan
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Eagle190 viewsPHRYGIA. Ancyra. Sabina. 20. A.D. 117-137. Obv: CA(BEINA)-CEBACTH. Draped bust right, elaborate hairdo; countermark on head. Rev: ANKYP-ANΩN.Cult-Statue of Ephesian Artemis facing, flanked by two stags. Ref: BMC 23-24; Sear GIC 1308. Axis: 180. Weight: 3.18 g. CM: Eagle standing, head left, wings spread, E.C.H between wings and legs, in circular punch, 6 mm. Howgego -. Collection Automan.Automan
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Eagle (to front)156 viewsCILICIA. Diocaesarea. Geta. 28. A.D. 198-209 (struck as Caesar). Obv: (ΠCEΠ)ΓETAC-KA(ICAP). Draped and cuirassed bust right; Countermark before. Rev: (A)ΔPΔI(OKAICAPE)ΩN. Naked figure of Dionysus standing left, holding kantharos and thyrsos. Ref: BMC -; Sear 2881; SNG Aul 5545; SNG France (2) 873. Axis: 30. Weight: 13.64 g. CM: Eagle to front, head left, in oval punch, 5 x 7.5 mm. Howgego 337 (43 pcs). Note: Howgego notes that H337 was applied together with H469. Indeed, all those that bear H469 also bear H337. However, Howgego lists three specimens of H337 that lack H469, as does this specimen.Automan
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Eagle and Δ containing dot134 viewsCILICIA. Ninica-Claudiopolis. Maximinus I. 25. A.D. 235-238. Obv: I-MPMAXIMINVΓPI. Laureate head right; Countermark (1) on head.Rev: COL(N)-INICAU. Turreted and draped bust of Tyche/City right; Countermark (2) on bust. Ref: BMC 11-12 (var. rev. leg.). Axis: 180. Weight: 8.93 g. CM(1): Eagle standing right with head left, in shaped punch, c. 4 x 6 mm. Howgego 338 (11 pcs). CM(2): Δ containing dot, all within circle; circular punch, 6 mm (not certain). Howgego 669 ? (49 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
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Eagle and "A.K."200 viewsPAMPHYLIA. Perga. Caracalla. 28. Circa A.D. 209-217. Obv: AKMAY-ANTΩN(EINOC)-CEB. Laureate bust right; 2 countermarks: (1) before bust, below chin, (2) below (1). Rev: ΠEP-ΓAI-Ω-N.Emperor in military outfit standing left, holding spear, raising right hand, crowned by Nike, holding palm-branch. Ref: BMC -. Axis: 360. Weight: 10.59 g. CM(1): Eagle facing, head right (?), wings open, in oval punch, 4 x 5 mm. Howgego 334 (50 pcs). CM(2): A.K. in rectangular punch, 5 x 3 mm. Howgego 513 (43 pcs). Note: Countermark (2) was applied earlier than (1) which is found on coins of Severus Alexander while countermark (2) is not found on coins struck later than the reign of Elagabalus. Collection Automan.Automan
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Eagle, wings half-spread, head left152 viewsIONIA. Ephesus. Otacilia Severa. 28. A.D 244-249. Obv: MAPΩT(A)-CEYHPACEB. Diademed and draped bust right; countermark on shoulder. Rev: (APTEMIC)-EΦE-CIAC or similar? Artemis huntress, holding bow and drawing arrow from quiver, stands in biga drawn right by two stags. Ref: BMC 343 (var. rev. leg.); SNG Aul -; SNG Cop 487 (var. rev. leg.). Axis: 360. Weight: 6.77 g. CM: Eagle, wings half-spread, head left, in cicular punch, 5.5 mm. Howgego 324 (92 pcs). Note: The countermark was probably applied at Tralles. Collection Automan.Automan
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Ear of corn180 viewsSARMATIA. Tyra. Domitian. 19. A.D. 81-96. Obv: KAICAPΔOMETI(AN)OC. Laureate head right; countermark before head. Rev: T-Y-P-A-NWN. City ethnic around club. Ref: BMC -. Axis: 15. Weight: 2.97 g. CM: Ear of corn, in rectangular punch, 4 x 8 mm. Howgego 407 (5 pcs). Note: The countermark was likely applied between the reigns of Domitian and Hadrian when no coins were struck in Tyra, this type being applied to small and medium denominations, while larger denominations were countermarked with a bunch of grapes. Collection Automan.Automan
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EB0089 Herakles / Zeus14 viewsKingdom of Macedon, Alexander III, AR tetradrachm. Posthumous issue, year 26 = 187-188 BC.
Obverse: Head of Herakles right in lionskin headdress.
Reverse: AΛEΞANΔΡOY, Zeus seated left, holding eagle and sceptre, right leg drawn back. AΣ over date K :Csquare: in left field, rectangular Seleukid countermark of anchor to right.
References: SNG Israel 1235, Price 2901.
Diameter: 32mm, Weight: 16.55g.
1 commentsEB
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EB0222.1 Athena / Nike6 viewsSeleukia, SELEUKIA PIERIA, AE 18, after 109 BC.
Obverse: Helmeted head of Athena right.
Reverse: [], Nike advancing left. Countermark to left?
References: -.
Diameter: 18mm, Weight: 7.228g.
EB
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EB0527 Augustus / Bull / VALEAT17 viewsAugustus, AE 28, Celsa, Hispania, L. Baggius and Mn. Flavius Festus, 15-14 BC.
Obverse: AVGVSTVS DIVI F Laureate head right.
Reverse: L BAGGI(O) C V ICEL MNFESTO Bull standing right, II VIR before, with countermark anagram VALEAT.
References: RPC I 273; SNG Munich I, 87-90;
Diameter: 28mm, Weight: 10.222 grams
EB
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EB0563 Macrinus / Zeus12 viewsMacrinus, AE 37, of Mallus, Cilicia, 217-218 AD.
Obv: [AVTO KAIC MAPK OPEL CEVHP MAKPEINON CEB], laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Counterstamp SC to revalidate coin when Mallus received the rank of colony under Elagabalus.
Rev: [MAL IER POL QEOU AMFILOCOU], Zeus seated half left, resting left hand on staff, holding Nike in right hand. Possible countermark (male head) on Zeus.
Unpublished reverse for Macrinus.
References: cf SNG Levante 1284 (this obv. with countermarks).
Diameter: 37.5mm, Weight: 21.52 grams.
EB
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EB0576 Trajan / Astarte11 viewsTrajan, AE 22 of Gabala, Syria, 105 AD.
Obv: [NEΡ KAIC TΡAIA CEB ΓEΡ], laureate head right, uncertain countermark on neck.
Rev: ΓABAΛEΩN, date BNP above, Cω in exergue, Astarte seated left, holding poppy and corn-ears; sphinx at foot with star above its head.
References: BMC 244, 4.
Diameter: 23mm, Weight: 7.002 grams.
EB
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EB0710 Hadrian / Wreath12 viewsHadrian 117-138, Antioch ad Orontem, Syria, AE 27.
Obverse: [ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС Θ ΤΡ Π ΥΙ Θ ΝΕΡ ΥΙω ΤΡ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СΕΒΑС?], Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; Countermark: laurel-branch with four leaves in rectangular punch.
Reverse: Large SC within laurel wreath; ΓΔ below.
References: Cf. RPC III, 3694; BMC Galatia 298,299, p186; McAlee 536(b). For ΓΔ meaning, see NUMERICAL LETTERS ON SYRIAN COINS by Kevin Butcher; For counterstamp see ANS Museum notes 22, pl.8 #9.
Diameter: 27.5mm, Weight: 14.595g.
EB
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EB0901 Unknown with countermarks10 viewsObverse: Unknown with countermarks.
Reverse:
References: -.
Diameter: 26.5mm, Weight: 10.632g.
EB
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EB0912 Septimius Severus / Julia Domna3 viewsSeptimius Severus, AE 23.
Obverse: [possibly AVT KAI CЄΠT CЄOVHPOC], Laureate head of Septimius Severus right; countermarks to right.
Reverse: [possibly AYΓ ΔOMNA TYXH MHTPOΠO/ΛЄΩC], Bust of Julia Domna right within distyle temple.
References: Cf. Meyer 29; for c/m Cf. Howgego 126 and 806.
Diameter: 25.5mm, Weight: 10.56g.
EB
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EB0978 Heraclius / Large M7 viewsHeraclius, AE Follis. Sicilian mint.
Obverse: Struck on Constantinople folles of Anastasius, Justin I and Justinian I, countermarked by the bust of Heraclius, crowned, draped and cuirassed facing within circular stamp, PTh monogram at top right.
Reverse: Large M, star to left, cross above, crescent to right; mintmark large SCL in circular stamp below.
References: SB 882, DOC 241.
Diameter: 35mm, Weight: 12.524g.
EB
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Egypt, Alexandria, AD 163/164, Faustina II, Zeus21 viewsFaustina II
Alexandria
Billon-Tetradrachm
Obv.: ΦAVCTINA CEBACTH, draped bust left
Rev.: L Δ, laureate-headed and draped bust of Zeus, right (countermark)
Billon, 12.68g, 21.5mm
Ref.: Dattari-Savio Pl. 194, 9876 second (this coin), RPC online 16407 (this coin)
Ex Dattari Collection
Ex Naville Numismatics
1 commentsshanxi
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Egypt, Memphis or Aswan (?), Satrap Sabakes, 335-333 BC, AR Tetradrachm37 viewsHead of Athena right with punch mark X on cheek.
Owl standing right, head facing, crescent and olive spray to left, crescent above a stylized thunderbolt (Sabakes symbol) and Aramaic legend SWYN (Aswan) to right, punch mark X on owl.

Nicolet-Pierre 6, D4/R-; SNG Copenhagen 3; Van Alfen Type I, O4/R-; Mitchiner 10a; Sear GCV 6232. Van Alfen (AJN 14 2002) countermark 3 on obv. & rev.

(24 mm, 16.91 g, 9h).
From LWHT Col.; HJB 166, 15 October 2009, 176.

Sabakes, to whom the issue of this coin type is attributed, was the penultimate Persian Satrap of Egypt. In 333 BC he led a contingent from Egypt to join the Persian army facing Alexander the Great at Issos, where he perished in battle. It is likely that this coin was struck under his governorship, perhaps for use as payment in preparations for the expeditionary force in support of Darius III. Counter marks are commonly present on these coins and most of the surviving examples are worn, indicating an extended period of circulation. This is consistent with the fact that the next coinage to be struck in Egypt was almost a decade later, shortly after the death of Alexander the Great.
2 commentsn.igma
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Elagabalus, SNG ANS 99726 viewsNeapolis, Samaria mint, Elagabalus 218-222 A.D. AE, 21.5mm 11.22g, SNG ANS 997
O: AVT K M AVP ANTΩINOC, Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right (* A in square punch countermark)
R: ΦΛNEACΠ CVP ΠAΛ Mount Gerizim surmounted by temple and altar; stairway leads to temple, colonnade below mountain.
* Howgego 666 is the A countermark referenced (page 237) where 32 of the 37 countermarks are on Neapolis coins of Elagabalus, the others being J.Maesa (3), J.Soaemias (1) and Macrinus (1).The A is suggested as Alexander, possibly revalidating the coins of Elagabalus in that reign after the damnatio of Elagabalus. Mauseus
casata137ec
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Elis, Olympia, 83rd-85th Olympiads, 448-440 BC, AR Stater 17 views Eagle flying right, grasping a snake with its talons and its beak; two countermarks (crab and mule's leg).
F-A Thunderbolt with volutes and wings.

Seltman 76 (same dies AS/βς Seltman pl. III); BCD Olympia 372.1 (this coin); HGC 5, 306 (R2). Zeus Mint 448-440 BC (83rd-85th Olympiads).

(24 mm, 11.71 g, 2h).
Harlan J Berk Buy or Bid Sale 175, 7 July 2011, 144; ex- BCD Collection: Leu Numismatik AG 90, 10 May 2004, 327.1.

Although the tip of the beak of the eagle is off-flan, it remains a portrayal with a great deal of elegance. Seltmans obverse die AS was used to strike 8 emissions Seltman 75-82. This is the fourth known example of Seltman 76 and the only one outside a museum collection.
n.igma
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Elymais -- Kamnaskires III. and Anzaze, ca. 82/1 - 73/2 BC5 viewsAR tdr., 13,85gr, 28mm;
mint: Seleukia on the Hedyphon, axis: 12h;
Alram: 454, Van't Haaff: 7.1.1-3var. or 7.1.1-6, Sunrise 470;
obv.: jugate busts of Kamnaskires III. and Anzaze, Kamnaskires w/diadem and ribbons; short hair w/frontal fringe, mustache and long pointed beard; earring and torque w/pellet finial; cuirass; Anzaze wearing stephane and necklace; in right lower field rectangular countermark w/Nike or Tyche standing left presenting diadem;
rev.: old god (Zeus?) on throne, left, w/Nike offering diadem on his outstretched left arm, the right arm holding scepter.; 4-line legend: (B)ACIΛEΩ(C)
KAMNACKIPOY (mostly off flan) KAI BACIΛICCHC (left line mostly illegible from obv. countermark) ANZAZE; in exergue date: HΠ or HIT?
Schatz
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emesa001i6 viewsElagabalus
Emesa, Syria

Obv: AVT K M A..., laureate draped and cuirassed bust right. Countermark, Tyche in circle.
Rev: MHTPO-KOЄMIC around, ΠVΘIA below, Agnostic urn between two palm fronds, above horizontal Є in circle of dots.
24 mm, 7.98 gms

BMC---; Lindgren---; acsearch.com---. Countermark: Howgego 201
Charles M
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Empress, AVKTP(?) and ΠPY168 viewsBITHYNIA. Prusias (?). Domitian (?). 26. A.D. 81-96 (?). Obv: Laureate (?) bust right; 2 countermarks, (1) on shoulder, (2) before face. Rev: Countermark (3). Poor/worn smooth, brown patina with very minor traces of green encrustation. Weight: 9.05 g. Note: All coins noted by Howgego with these countermarks are from Domitian and are attributed to Prusias or Bithynia in Genere (which, in turn, may have been from Prusias also. CM(1): Head of empress, in oval punch, 7 x 8 mm. Howgego 217 (1 pcs). CM(2): Monogram of AVKTP (?), in rectangular punch, 6 x 4 mm. Howgego 608 (8 pcs). CM(3): Monogram of ΠPY, in rectangular punch, 8 x 5 mm. Howgego 630 (3 pcs). Note: Since all coins countermarked with (1) are countermarked also with (2) and (3), while all coins countermarked with (2) are also countermarked with (3), the order of application (3)-(2)-(1) may be implied (also consistent with (1) being a portrait of Faustina Jr. and (2) referring to Trajan). Collection Automan.Automan
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Empress, AVKTR(?) and ΠPY115 viewsBITHYNIA. Prusias (?). Domitian (?). 27. A.D. 81-96 (?). Laureate bust right (?); 2 countermarks: (1) to left, (2) to right. Countermark (3). Weight: 8.18 g. Note: All coins noted by Howgego with these countermarks are from Domitian and are attributed to Prusias or Bithynia in Genere CM (1): Head of empress, in oval punch, 7 x 8 mm. Howgego 217 (1 pcs). CM(2): Monogram of AVKTP (?), in rectangular punch, 6 x 4 mm. Howgego 608 (8 pcs). CM(3): Monogram of ΠPY, in rectangular punch, 7 x 6.5 mm.Howgego 630 (3 pcs). The order of application appears to have been (3)-(2)-(1) may be implied (also be consistent if (1) is Faustina Jr., and if (2) reads AVTOKPATWP TPAIAN). Collection Automan.Automan
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England; ½ GUINEA. 177227 viewsCoin Weight, GUINEA. 3.8g, 17mm. Obv. GIIIR . Rev. Dw.Gr/2:16/1772 in three lines, coffee pot countermark.Podiceps
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England; GUINEA27 viewsCoin Weight, GUINEA. 8.4g, 20mm. Obv. S/21/5.9 in three lines all within decorative border. Rev. As obverse with lion countermark.Podiceps
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FAVSTINA AVGVSTA / AVGVSTI PII FIL / Ӕ As or Dupontius (156-161 A.D.)20 viewsFAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right, hair arranged in a chignon (bun) behind the head / AVGVSTI PII FIL, Venus standing left holding Victory and leaning on shield set on a helmet, S-C across fields in the lower half

Ӕ, 22.5-24+mm, 9.56g, die axis 11h

There may be a countermark across the front part of the face on obverse, but due to its location it is difficult to be sure and identify it.

AVGVSTI PII FIL(ia) = daughter of August Antoninus Pius, points out to the ruling of Fausta's father Antoninus Pius rather than her husband Marcus Aurelius. Reverse: Unlike Greek Aphrodite, in addition to her other aspects Roman Venus was also a goddess of victory, this embodied in her representation as Venus Victrix (Victorious) or Victris (of Victory), like in this case: she offers a little winged representation of victory, resting on defensive military attributes (as a female goddess, she represented passive, defensive aspects of war, active ones being the domain of male Mars). SC = [Ex] Senatus Consulto (Senatus is genitive, Consulto is ablative of Consultum) = by decree of the Senate, i. e. the authority of the Senate approved minting of this coin (necessary to justify issue of copper alloy coins for which the intrinsic value was not obvious).

Of two Ӕ coins with the same legends and Venus with shield, RIC 1367 and 1389a, the first is a sestertius and its typical dimensions are characteristic of the type: 30+ mm and 20+g. This one is definitely smaller. Material seems reddish, so this one is more likely an as. Minted in Rome. Some sources give issue dates as 156-161 (the end of Faustina's father's reign), others as 145-146 (her marriage).

Annia Galeria Faustina Minor (Minor is Latin for the Younger), Faustina Minor or Faustina the Younger (born probably 21 September c. 130 CE, died in winter of 175 or spring of 176 CE) was a daughter of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius and Roman Empress Faustina the Elder. She was a Roman Empress and wife to her maternal cousin Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius. She was held in high esteem by soldiers and her own husband and was given divine honours after her death. Faustina, named after her mother, was her parents' fourth and youngest child and their second daughter; she was also their only child to survive to adulthood. She was born and raised in Rome. Her great uncle, the emperor Hadrian, had arranged with her father for Faustina to marry Lucius Verus. On 25 February 138, she and Verus were betrothed. Verus father was Hadrians first adopted son and his intended heir; however, when Verus father died, Hadrian chose Faustinas father to be his second adopted son, and eventually, successor. Faustinas father ended the engagement between his daughter and Verus and arranged for Faustina's betrothal to her maternal cousin, Marcus Aurelius; Aurelius was also adopted by her father.

In April or May 145, Faustina and Marcus Aurelius were married, as had been planned since 138. Since Aurelius was, by adoption, Antoninus Pius' son, under Roman law he was marrying his sister; Antoninus would have had to formally release one or the other from his paternal authority (his patria potestas) for the ceremony to take place. Little is specifically known of the ceremony, but it is said to have been "noteworthy". Coins were issued with the heads of the couple, and Antoninus, as Pontifex Maximus, would have officiated. Marcus makes no apparent reference to the marriage in his surviving letters, and only sparing references to Faustina. Faustina was given the title of Augusta on 1 December 147 after the birth of her first child, Galeria Faustina (or Domitia? sources differ which of them was born in 147 and was the first child).

When Antoninus died on 7 March 161, Marcus and Lucius Verus ascended to the throne and became co-rulers. Faustina then became empress. Unfortunately, not much has survived from the Roman sources regarding Faustina's life, but what is available does not give a good report. Cassius Dio and the Augustan History accuse Faustina of ordering deaths by poison and execution; she has also been accused of instigating the revolt of Avidius Cassius against her husband. The Augustan History mentions adultery with sailors, gladiators, and men of rank; however, Faustina and Aurelius seem to have been very close and mutually devoted.

Faustina accompanied her husband on various military campaigns and enjoyed the love and reverence of Roman soldiers. Aurelius gave her the title of Mater Castrorum or Mother of the Camp. She attempted to make her home out of an army camp. Between 170175, she was in the north, and in 175, she accompanied Aurelius to the east.

That same year, 175, Aurelius's general Avidius Cassius was proclaimed Roman emperor after the erroneous news of Marcus's death; the sources indicate Cassius was encouraged by Marcus's wife Faustina, who was concerned about her husband's failing health, believing him to be on the verge of death, and felt the need for Cassius to act as a protector in this event, since her son Commodus, aged 13, was still young. She also wanted someone who would act as a counterweight to the claims of Tiberius Claudius Pompeianus, who was in a strong position to take the office of Princeps in the event of Marcuss death. The evidence, including Marcus's own Meditations, supports the idea that Marcus was indeed quite ill, but by the time Marcus recovered, Cassius was already fully acclaimed by the Egyptian legions of II Traiana Fortis and XXII Deiotariana. "After a dream of empire lasting three months and six days", Cassius was murdered by a centurion; his head was sent to Marcus Aurelius, who refused to see it and ordered it buried. Egypt recognized Marcus as emperor again by 28 July 175.

Faustina died in the winter of 175, after a somewhat suspicious accident, at the military camp in Halala (a city in the Taurus Mountains in Cappadocia). Aurelius grieved much for his wife and buried her in the Mausoleum of Hadrian in Rome. She was deified: her statue was placed in the Temple of Venus in Rome and a temple was dedicated to her in her honor. Halalas name was changed to Faustinopolis and Aurelius opened charity schools for orphan girls called Puellae Faustinianae or 'Girls of Faustina'. The Baths of Faustina in Miletus are named after her.

In their thirty years of marriage, Faustina bore Marcus Aurelius thirteen children, of whom 6 reached adulthood and were significant in history. The best known are emperor Commodus and the closest to him sister Lucilla (both depicted in a very historically inaccurate movie "Gladiator" and, together with their parents, in a much more accurate 1st season "Reign of Blood" of the TV series "Roman Empire").
Yurii P
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Female bust right (with kalathos?)119 viewsSYRIA: DECAPOLIS. Bostra. Commodus. 19. A.D. 166-177 (as Caesar). Obv: (ΛAYPKOM)KA-ICAYTVIOΓEP. Bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; Countermark on shoulder. Rev: (NETPA)-IABOC(T). Bust of Athena (Tyche?) right, wearing crested helmet. Ref: Spijkerman 26(obv)/27(rev). Axis: 330. Weight: 6.31 g. Note: This combination of obv. and rev. inscpriptions was not known to Spijkerman. CM: Female (?) bust wearing Kalathos (or similar), in oval punch, 5 x 7 mm. Howgego -. Collection Automan.Automan
FH-G-015_(0s).jpg
FH-G-0156 viewsbronze AE19
- Turreted head of Tyche right, 5-point star behind head, countermark on forehead and below neck.
- City goddess seated facing left, 5-point star and ?(grain stalk maybe) below throne.
6.42gm / 18.9mm / Axis: 0
Jonathan P
FH-G-016_(0s).jpg
FH-G-0165 viewsbronze AE20
- Turreted head of Tyche right, monogram behind
- City goddess seated facing left, Eagle facing left below throne.
6.62gm / 20.6mm / Axis: 0

Note: There appears to be a crescent moon behind city goddess that I don't see in my other coins. Possibly countermark, wings, or just part of the throne?
Jonathan P
FH-G-023_(0s).jpg
FH-G-0235 viewsbronze AE19
- Turreted head of Tyche right, monogram behind
- Unk. Countermark at 6:00
4.91gm / 19.28mm / Axis: 0
Jonathan P
FH-G-047_(0s).jpg
FH-G-04712 views
Syria, Seleukid Kingdom; Antiochus III; 198 BC; bronze AE18

- Head of Athena in crested helmet right.

- BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ANTIOXOY
- BASILEWS / ANTIOXOY
- Winged Nike standing right holding wreath and palm, Reversed anchor countermark in inner left field.

8.70gm / 17.96mm / Axis:0

References:
Hoover Seleucid Coins 1095.2
SNG Spaer 245-247

Notes: Dec 20, 15 - Obverse and reverse are worn, but major details are fine. Struck on a tight flan, slightly less weight than other examples I found. This coin contains the reverse anchor countermark that is present on multiple coins within this collection. Compare to coin found here: http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?album=search&cat=0&pos=16
Jonathan P
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Flavian coin with two countermarks.47 viewsInteresting Flavian coin most likely Vespasian, with two countermarks:
Larger c/m Howgego 133. Punch c. 9x7 mm.
Smaller Howgego 135. Punch c. 6.5x5 mm.
Both are recorded on Flavian coins from Antioch and Judaea,
but not on one and same coin.
The reverse has no details at all.
22mm and 6.67 grams.
2 commentsCanaan
Fulvia2.jpg
Fulvia73 viewsBust of Fulvia (as Nike) right

Athena standing left, holding shield and spear; ΦOYΛOYIANON in right field, ZMEPTOPIΓOΣ ΦIΛΩNIΔOΥ in two lines in left field.

Phrygia 41, 40 BC

6.69g

Rare

Ex-Savoca

RPC 3139; SNG Mnchen ; BMC 21


Fulvia married Mark Antony in 44 BC, and became an outspoken defender of his interests in Rome while he campaigned in the East. The city name of Eumenea in Phrygia was changed to Fulvia on the occasion of Mark Antony's journey to the east in 41 BC. Fulvia was to die at Sicyon the next year, hence this was a short-lived coinage. Sometime afterward these coins struck at "Fulviana" had their ethnic scratched off, and two countermarks were applied: one may be resolved as Eumeneia; the other as Philonidos, (although Zmertorix himself has been suggested). These countermarks suggest that, rather than melting down the coinage of Fulvia and striking new coins, a more expeditious solution was required to keep needed currency in circulation. This coin was not countermarked
5 commentsJay GT4
Fulvia - Phrygia.JPG
Fulvia - Phrygia18 viewsPHRYGIA, Eumeneia
Fulvia, wife of Mark Anthony. 19. Ca. 41-40 B.C.
Obverse: Draped bust of Fulvia as winged Nike right.; 2 cms, (1) on head, (2) above head.
Reverse : (ΦYΛOYIANΩN) to right, ΣMEPTOPIΓ(OΣ)/(ΦIΛΩNIΔOY) in 2 lines to l. Athena adv. l., hld. spear and shield.
BMC 20-21 (?); RPC 3139 (7 pcs).
19mm, 6.84 g.
Magistrate: Zmertorigos Philopatris.
Note: Eumeneia changed its name to Fulvia on the occasion of Mark Antony's journey to the east in 41 B.C., likely propmting the issue of coins. After Fulvia died the city took back its old name. On BMC 21 the ethnic "ΦYΛOVIANΩN" may be purposefully erased, which also seems to be the case on this specimen! Both coins are countermarked, and the cm's may be read "EVMENEΩN" and "ΦIΛΩNIΔOY". The purpose of countermarking in combination with the erasure of the city name, thus, seems to have been to make note of second name change. CM(1): Monogram of EVMNO (?), in circ. punch, 4 mm. CM(2): Monogram of ΦIΛNΔ (?), in circ. punch, 3.5 mm.
Jerome Holderman
gades_hercules.jpg
Gades, Hispania, AE 21 viewsObv. Head of young Herakles left, wearing lionskin
Rev. Punic legends, 2 tunny fish swimming left. Unknown countermark Ivy leaf?
Skyler
GEORIA_-_TAMAR_IRR_WITH_CM.jpg
GEORGIA - Queen Tamar29 viewsGEORGIA - Queen Tamar (1184-1213) AE irregular fals. Decorative monogram on obverse; Arabic legends on reverse. With countermark, old Georgian letter "D" - Which Georgian numismatists believe stand for either DAVIT, Tamar's husband, or a location in Georgia where most of these countermarked coins are found. Mitchener #2383.dpaul7
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Georgia: Queen T'amar (1184-1213) AE dirham (Koronikov-420; Lang-11b) w. countermark #423 viewsGeorgia: Queen T'amar (1184-1213) AE dirham (Koronikov-420; Lang-11b)

Obv: Bagratid royal emblem in the form of a standard; Georgian initials to left and right: ႧႰ=ႧამაႰ (T'amar) and ႣႧ=ႣავიႧ (David); Georgian initials on top left and top right: ႵႩ=ႵორონიႩონსა (Koronikonsa/Year); Georgian initials on bottom left and bottom right: ႯႩ=420
Rev: Christian inscriptions in arabic script; countermark #4

ملكة الملكات (Malekat al-Malekaat(s); Queen of Queens)
جلال الدنيا و الدين (Jellal Al-Dunya Wal Din; Glory of the World and Faith)
تامارابنة كوركى (Tamar Ibnat Kurki; T'amar daughter of Giorgi)
ظهير المسيح (Zahir Al-Massih; Champion of the Messiah)

The Georgian year is encoded using the "Paschal cycle". This dating system is based on the creation date being March 22, 5604 BC. From this date, they ran through a 532-year cycle. So, Year 1 was March 22, 5604 BC for the 1st cycle. And the 13th cycle's Year 1 was March 22, 781 AD. For years 346 to 532, add 780 to obtain the corresponding year in AD. The year starts off at March 22nd for each AD year. So, 420 + 780 = March 22, 1200 AD. For more information, please see Sweeny...

References:

Langlois, Victor, Numismatique de la Gorgie au Moyen ge, A. Leleux, 1852
Пахомов, Евгений, Монеты Грузии, Мецниреба, 1970 (Pakhomov, Evgeny, Coins of Georgia, Metsnireba, 1970)
Sweeny, James O., Tempus in Nummis, Volume 1, Numismatics International, 1992
SpongeBob
Germanicus_(CM)_RIC_57.JPG
Germanicus, father of Caligula, brother of Claudius36 viewsObv: GERMANICVS CAESAR, Germanicus standing in a slow quadriga right, holding an eagle-tipped scepter.

Countermark: NCAPR in incuse rectangle.

Rev: SIGNIS RECEPT / DEVICTIS GERM, Germanicus, in military attire, advancing left, raising his right arm and holding an aquila.

Orichalcum Dupondius, Rome mint, 37 - 41 AD

13.4 grams, 29.3 mm, 225

RIC I Caligula 57, S1820

Ex: FORVM
SPQR Matt
Geta_Topiros_AE28_Varb2693.jpg
Geta - Topirus, AE28 Varbanov 269322 viewsGeta, AE28 minted in Topirus (Gr. Topeiros), 209-211 AD; 17.26 g; 28 mm; obv. ΑVΤ Κ Π ϹΕΠ-ΤΙΜΙ ΓΕΤΑC, Laureate bust of bearded Geta to r. Border of dots, circular pseudo-countermark ΠΟΛ in ligature on emperor's neck; rev. ΟVΛ-ΠΙΑ-Ϲ ΤΟΠΕΙΡΟV, Emperor (Geta) on horseback r., holding a transverse spear in r. hand. Varbanov 2693.
Notes: ex Knker eLive 43, lot 537
1 commentsBartosz A
Unbenannt-3.jpg
Geta or Caracalla Laodicea ad Mare23 viewsAE 26 (10,38g)
Geta? or Caracalla ?
with 2 countermarks ( CA COL)
HG
P1010073.JPG
Gordian III, 238-244, Cappadocia-Caesarea. AE25mm. 9.1g.27 viewsGordian III, 238-244, Cappadocia-Caesarea.
Obv. V K M ANT GORDIANOC Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind. Countermark of Radiate Helios.
Rev. MHTPO KAIC B N Mount Argaeus on altar inscribed ENT. ETA in exergue.
Lee S
GordianIII_SeleuciaAdCalycadnum_AthenaFightingGiant_AE28_13.8g.jpg
Gordian III, Seleucia ad Calycadnum, Athena fighting serpent-legged giant, AE28123 viewsBronze AE 29, BMC 38, gF, 13.808g, 27.7mm, 180o, obverse ANTΩNIOC-ΓΩPΔ(IANOCCE)BATOC (sic), radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse CELEUK-E-(ΩNTΩΠPOC)-KAΛV-KAΔ, Athena standing right, spear in right, shield in left, striking down serpent-footed giant, who is hurling a stone with right hand; nice green patina

Obverse countermarked with monogram of K and A, in 4 x 5 mm punch, Howgego 618 (52 pcs). The countermark likely refers to Calycadnum. Second countermark contains dot, in triangular punch, 6 x 5 mm, Howgego 670 (206 pcs). Not likely to be a denominational countermark.

ex Automan collection, ex FORVM
areich
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GREEK, Aegina, turtle stater38 viewsIslands off Attica, Aegina AR Stater. Circa 510-480 BC. Turtle: two uncertain countermarks / Incuse square with small skew device.
HGC 6, 433.
11.96g, 19mm.
1 commentschance v
874819q00.jpg
GREEK, Aegina, turtle stater, 525-500 bc46 viewsAEGINA. AR Stater, 550/500 BC; g 12:04
Sea turtle. Often shared Incusum.
SNG Delepierre 1624 ff
12.07g. SNG Lockett 1958 High Relief. Countermark on Av.

chance v
0luy.jpg
GREEK, Pamphylia, Aspendos stater with Ba'al countermark346 viewsThis BOT entry asks you to consider more than the usual question of coin grade. To match or exceed this 'type' I ask you consider not just the coin but the countermark and its placement. The countermark should have a better strike of the bull and, especially, better clarity of the LUY legend (Aramaic for Ba'al read right to left). Further, I'll expect the flat mark on the opposite side to do less damage to that design than this one. My example suffers from the dotted border falling across the middle of the bull so there is a lot of room for improvement here. Each voter can deside if the off centered reverse is a fault or a benefit since it makes room for the countermark.
This BOT entry is to demonstrate that there are many factors to consider when 'grading an ancient coin.
3 commentsdougsmit
bpGS1T1Ptolemy.jpg
GREEK, Ptolemaic Kingdom, Egypt, Ptolemy II112 viewsTetradrachm, 14 gm, 26.5 mm, 285-246 BC, Svoronos 373
Obv: Anepigraphic with diademed head of Ptolemy I, right. Countermarks.
Rev: Eagle standing left on thunderbolt. ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ to left. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ to right. In left lower field, the monogram ΑΧΡ over ΔΙ. Countermarks.
Comment: Multiple countermarks are common on coins of Ptolemy II. Many thanks to the members of Forum for attribution.
Massanutten
Ptolemy2tridentor.JPG
GREEK, Ptolemaic Kingdom, Egypt, Ptolemy II AE 2739 viewsca. 285-265 BC
AE 26.2x27.1mm
Obv. Head of Zeus-Ammon, right
Rev. Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, shield at left.
Inscription not readable. Trident countermark.
Sear 7779

A. Davesne (1987) states that the trident countermark was applied in Cyprus to revalidate bronzes demonetized by the reform of ca. 265 BC.
gparch
Ptolemy_tyre_tet~0.jpg
Greek, Ptolemy II Tetradrachm 203 viewsSilver tetradrachm, Svoronos 626 var (no monogram) or Svoronos 644 var (D behind ear), VF, Phoenicia, Tyre mint, weight 14.076g, maximum diameter 27.4mm, die axis 0o, obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I right wearing aegis; reverse PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, Tyre monogram and club left; rare;

Ex Forvm

Svoronos' description for tetradrachm 626 is the "same as the gold pentadrachm." In the notes for the pentadrachm he notes the type sometimes has a Tyre monogram, but the notes for the tetradrachm 626 discuss only countermarks and not a monogram. The monogram is absent on the plate coin.

Svoronos 644 is be marked with a tiny D behind Ptolemy's ear. On this coin the mark appears to be absent.

Philoromaos
owl,_van_alfen_8.jpg
Greek: Athens Owl, Van Alfen 0838 viewsAttica, Athens, AR Tetradrachm. 393-300 B.C.. (20.6 mm, 17.12 grams). Obverse: Head of Athena right, eye in profile, banker's marks. Reverse: Owl standing to right, head facing, to right AOE, A-theta-E, to left, olive twig and crescent, all within incuse square, banker's marks. . Ex David Hendin. Van Alfen, Peter. American Journal of Numismatics, second series, volume 16-17, number 8, this coin.

This was part of a hoard David Hendin let Peter Van Alfen used for his article cited above. This example (as coins 14, 34, 37, 51 and 74 in Van Alfen's article cited above) bear the so-called quatrefoil countermark, a countermark found extensively on coins circulating in Egypt in the late fourth century. This mark might have been used by the Persian administration there at the time. (Van Alfen 2002b: 67-69)

Lucas H
035n.jpg
H (damaged punch!)159 viewsBITHYNIA. Nicaea. Philip Jr.. 27. A.D. 244-249. Obv: MIOVΛIOCΦIΛIΠΠOCK. Bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; countermark on bust. Rev: NI-KA-IEΩN.Zeus seated left on throne, holding staff in left hand and patera right hand, right arm extended. Ref: BMC -. Axis: 15. Weight:11.45 g. CM: H in circular punch, 6 mm. Howgego 821ii (112 pcs). Note: The tool was broken in half prior to the application of the countermark on this coin, forming a semi- circular or crescent shaped punch; Although struck for Philip Jr., apparently this coin belongs to group 821ii rather than 821i, although it might belong to one of the intermediate styles mentioned by Howgego. Collection Automan.Automan
116.jpg
H and Winged caduceus156 viewsSARMATIA. Olbia. Civic. 25. Time of Antoninus Pius. Obv: Radiate (?) head right, lyre (?) before; 2 countermarks: (1) behind bust, (2) below bust. Rev: (...)OΘY(...). Eagle standing left, head turned right. Axis: 360. Weight: 9.95 g. CM(1): H in rectangular punch, 6 x 8 mm. Howgego 820 (14 pcs). CM(2): Winged caduceus, in roughly rectangular punch, 6 x 10 mm. Howgego 390 (102 pcs). Note: All coins that have countermark (1) also have countermark (2); Likely the countermarks were applied over a longer period of time. Collection Automan.Automan
016n.jpg
H in circular punch153 viewsBITHYNIA. Nikomedia. Gallienus. 26. A.D. 253-268. Obv: MAVPCEVHAΛEZANΔPOCAV. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; countermark on shoulder. Rev: NIKOMH-ΔEΩNΔICNEOKOPΩN. Emperor, radiate, holding spear, riding on horse charging right, mantle waving behind. Ref: BMC - (rev. sim. 67). Axis: 30. Weight: 7.04 g. CM: H in circular punch, 7 mm. Howgego 821ii (112 pcs). Note: This countermark was applied to coins of several cities, although predominantly to those of Nikomedia and Nicaea. Collection Automan.Automan
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H in circular punch143 viewsUncertain mint, possibly SAMARIA, Caesarea Maritima (Judaea Capta coinage). Titus (?). 18. Early 70s A.D. (?). Obv: Inscription illegible. Outline of imperial bust right; countermark before. Rev: Worn smooth. Weight: 4.81 g. Note: The identification of the coin as belong to the Judaea Capta series depicting Titus is based on the countermark. CM: H in circular punch, 5 mm (punch may be broken). Howgego 832.1 (1 pc). Collection Automan.Automan
HadrianDecapolis.jpg
Hadrian, head right188 viewsVespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Gadara, Decapolis
9266. Bronze AE 23, Spijkerman 26; SNG ANS 6, 1300, F, Decapolis, Gadara mint, 11.04g, 22.8mm, 0o, 71/72 A.D.; obverse OYECPACIANOC KAICAP, laureate head right, countermarked with "Hadrian's head"; reverse GADARA, Tyche standing left holding wreath and cornucopia, date LELP left ( = 71/72 A.D. ); interesting coin that relates to both the first and second jewish revolts; $160.00
The `Hadrian's head` countermark was struck during the Second Jewish Revolt (`Bar Kochbah` uprising) led by Simon Bar Kochba against Rome, 133 - 135 A.D. In 135 A.D., Hadrian destroyed Jerusalem and founded `Aelia Capitolina` on the site. The Jews were dispersed throughout the Roman Empire.

whitetd49
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Head (male) right196 viewsJUDAEA. Ascalon. Claudius. .A.D. 52/53 (?). Obv: (ΣE)BAΣ(-T)OΣ. Laureate head left; cuntermark on head. Rev: (AΣKAΛΩ, GNP BP to right). Tyche-Astarte standing left on prow, holding sceptre and aplustre; to left altar, to right dove. Ref: RPC 4887. Axis: 360. Weight: 10.36 g. Note: It may be assumed that the coin depicts Claudius, since all four specimens noted by Howgego bearing this countermark are from that emperor. CM: Male head right, in rectangular punch, circa 8 x 10 mm. Howgego 143 (4 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
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Head and galley162 viewsSAMARIA. Caesarea Maritima (for province of Judaea). Titus (?). 19. A.D. 71 to circa 73. Obv: Inscription illegible. Faint outline of imperial bust; countermark (1). Rev: worn smooth, countermark (2). Ref: RPC 2311-2312 ? Weight: 6.63 g. CM(1): Laureate (?) head right, in rectangular punch, 4 x 4.5 mm. Howgego 135 ? (28 pcs). Note: The countermark is likely of Palestinian origin. CM(2): Galley, in rectangular punch, 6 x 4 mm. Howgego 409 (22 pcs) or possibly 410 (15 pcs). Note: The galley was an emblem of Legio X Fretensis. The size of the countermark places it somewhere between 409 and 410. Collection Automan.Automan
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Head and galley131 viewsSAMARIA. Caesarea Maritima (for province of Judaea). Titus (?). 19. A.D. 71 to circa 73. Obv: Inscription illegible. Outline of bust right; countermark (1) before. Rev: Worn smooth; countermark (2). Ref: RPC 2311-2312 ? Weight: 6.98 g. CM(1): Laureate (?) head right, in rectangular punch, 4 x 4.5 mm. Howgego 135 (28 pcs). Note: The countermark is likely of Palestinian origin. CM(2): Galley, in rectangular punch, 5 x 4 mm. Howgego 409 (22 pcs). Note: The galley was an emblem of Legio X Fretensis. Collection Automan.Automan
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Head and galley124 viewsSAMARIA. Caesarea Maritima (for province of Judaea) Titus (?). 21. A.D. 71 to circa 73. Obv: Inscription illegible. Faint outline of imperial bust right; countermark (1) on head. Rev: Inscription illegible. Nike standing right, inscribing on shield; countermark (2). Ref: RPC 2311-2312(?). Axis: 360. Weight: 6.21 g. CM(1): Laureate (?) head right, in rectangular punch, 4 x 4.5 mm. Howgego 135 (28 pcs). Note: The countermark is likely of Palestinian origin. CM(2): Galley, in rectangular punch, 5 x 3.5 mm. Howgego 409 (22 pcs). Note: The galley was an emblem of Legio X Fretensis. Collection Automan.Automan
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Head laureate, right (Severus Alexander?)161 viewsElagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Tyre, Phoenicia
9686. Bronze AE 29, BMC 396 var (same countermark, bust from front), F, 11.80g, 29.0mm, 180o, obverse IMP CAES MAV ANTO-NINVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse TY-RI-O-RVM, Astarte placing armor on trophy, crowned by Nike standing on column, at her feet a palm on left and a murex shell right; obverse countermark laureate male head right (Severus Alexander?); sold.
whitetd49
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Head of emperor right (possibly NE behind)155 viewsSAMARIA. Neapolis. Domitian. 24. A.D. 86/87 (year 15). Obv: (AYTOKPATΩPΔOMITIANOΣKAIΣAP)ΣEBAΣTOΣГEP or similar. Laureate head right; countermark on head. Rev: ΦΛAOYI-NEAΠ-(ΣAM) or similar in three lines, LEI beneath. Crossed cornucopiae. Ref: RPC 2224 (1 pc!). Axis: 180. Weight: 14.24 g. Note: Since the second letter of the date line, although resembling an "E" rather than an "A", is heavily worn it is difficult to say wheather this coin was struck in year 11 (LAI) or year 15 (LEI) based solely on that letter. The obverse legend seems to end "ГEP", though, which is not the case on coins of year 11. The coins of year 15, though, are extremely rare. CM: Head of emperor right (possibly letters NE behind), in rectangular punch, 5 x 6 mm. Howgego 32 ? (7 pcs). Note: There does not seem to be space enough for the letters "NE" (which probably refer to Neapolis rather than Nerva) behind the head. Howgego 32 is, however, applied to most of these coins. Collection Automan.Automan
210.jpg
Head right146 viewsPHOENICIA. Ptolemais (Akko). Claudius. 22. A.D. 50/51 (year 11 of Claudius, year 99 in the era of Casarea). Obv: Uncertain inscription. Laureate head right; countermark on neck. Rev: ГEPMANIEΩ(NTΩNENΠTOΛEM)AIΔI, (AI L) in field to left, Θ (QL) in field to right. Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia. Ref: RPC 4746 (6 pcs); Seyrig 25; Sear GIC 479. Axis: 360. Weight: 9.17 g. CM: Male head right, in pentangular punch, 5 x 6.5 mm. Howgego 138 (21 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
215.jpg
Head right (laureate)129 viewsSYRIA, SAMARIA, or JUDAEA (?).Uncertain mint. Uncertain Flavian (?) emperor. 25. Circa A.D. 69-96 (?). Obv: Inscription illegible. Laureate head left; countermark on chin. Rev: Inscription illegible. Worn nearly smooth. Weight: 11.30 g. CM: Laureate head right, in rectangular punch, 5 x 6 mm. Howgego 132 (13 pcs) or Howgego 133 (17 pcs) ? Collection Automan.Automan
214.jpg
Head right (laureate)142 viewsSAMARIA. Caesarea Maritima (for province of Judaea). Titus. 24. A.D. 71 to circa 73. Obv: (AYTOKPTITOΣKAIΣAP). Laureate head right; countermark on neck. Rev: (IOYΔAIA-C-E-AΛWKYIAΣ). Captive, with arms tied behind back, crouching right to left of foot of trophy, shield to right of trophy. Ref: RPC 2313; Sear GIC 784. Axis: 330. Weight: 10.84 g. CM: Laureate head right, in rectangular punch, 5.5 x 6.5 mm. Howgego 133 (17 pcs). Note: The countermark may have been applied in Palestine. Collection Automan.Automan
213.jpg
Head right (laureate)165 viewsSAMARIA. Caesarea Maritima (for province of Judaea). Titus. 24. A.D. 71 to circa 73. Obv: (AYTOKPTITOΣKAIΣAP). Laureate head right; countermark on neck. Rev: (IOYΔAIA-C-E-AΛWKYIAΣ). Captive, with arms tied behind back, crouching right to left of foot of trophy, shield to right of trophy. Ref: RPC 2313; Sear GIC 784. Axis: 330. Weight: 12.57 g. CM: Laureate head (bust?) right, in rectangular punch, 5.5 x 6.5 mm. Howgego 133 (17 pcs). Note: The countermark may have been applied in Palestine. Collection Automan.Automan
216.jpg
Head right (laureate)150 viewsSAMARIA. Caesarea. Domitian. 27. Circa A.D. 92. Obv: IMPCA-ESDOMITAVG-(GERMTRPXI). Radiate head right, with aegis; countermark before. Rev: (IMPXXI)COS(XVICENSPP). Palm-tree. Ref: RPC 2307. Axis: 30. Weight: 15.10 g. CM: Laureate head right, in circular punch, 6.5 mm. Howgego 119 (18 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
179.jpg
Head right (laureate, possibly Titus?)144 viewsSYRIA: DECAPOLIS. Antiochia ad Hippum. Nero. 18. A.D. 67/68 (year 131). Obv: (NEPΩ)N-KA(IΣAP). Laureate head right, crescent before (not visible); countermark on lower part of bust. Rev: (IΠΠH)NΩ(N), (AΛP) below. Horse standing left. Ref: Spijkerman 2a; RPC 4808 (5 pcs). Axis: 15. Weight: 6.86 g. CM: Laureate (?) head right, in largely oval punch, 6 x 7.5 mm. Howgego 121 (8 pcs). Note: Howgego suggests that the countermarking was contemporary with the next issue of coins under Titus. None of the coins of Titus (or subsequent emperors) are countermarked. Collection Automan.Automan
AthensCountermarkTet.jpg
Heavily Countermarked Classical (Old-Style), c. 454 - 404 B.C. Athens Owl Tetradrachm75 views3 commentsNemonater
143.jpg
Helios (radiate head of)159 viewsCAPPADOCIA. Caesarea. Severus Alexander. 26. A.D. 224/225 (year 3). Obv: AVKCEOVHPOCAΛ(EΞA)NΔP. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; countermark on head. Rev: MHTPOΠ-KAICAP, ETГ in ex. Agalma of Mt. Argaeus placed on altar, on summit wreath. Ref: BMC -. Axis: 180. Weight: 12.41 g.CM: Radiate head of Helios right (?), in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego 12i (242 pcs). Note: The countermark was most likely applied in 243/244 since there are no countermarked coins from year seven of the reign of Gordian III. Collection Automan.Automan
014n.jpg
Helios (radiate head right)174 viewsCAPPADOCIA. Caesarea. Caracalla. 30. A.D. 205/206 (year 13 in the reign of Septimius Severus). Obv: AYKAIMAYP-ANT(W)NINOC. Laureate head right; countermark on head. Rev: MHTPOΠO-KAICAPEI, ETIΓ in ex. Agalma of Mt. Argaeus placed on altar. Ref: BMC 272v. Axis: 15. Weight: 14.69 g. CM: Radiate head of Helios right, in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego 12i (242 pcs). Note: The countermark was most likely applied in 243/244 since there are no countermarked coins from year seven of the reign of Gordian III. Collection Automan.Automan
051n.jpg
Helios (radiate head right)172 viewsCAPPADOCIA. Caesarea. Gordian III. 30. A.D. 243/244 (Regnal year 6). Obv: AVKMANTΓOPΔIANOC. Laureate head right; countermark on neck. rev: MHTPO-KAICBN, ETS in ex. Agalma of Mt. Argaeus placed on altar. Ref: BMC 342v (date). Axis:165. Weight:9.92 g. CM: Radiate head of Helios right, in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego 12i (242 pcs). Note: The countermark was most likely applied in 243/244 since there are no countermarked coins from year seven of the reign of Gordian III. Collection Automan.Automan
063n.jpg
Helios, Athena and Telesphoros212 viewsMYSIA. Pergamum. Hadrian. 24. A.D. 117-138. Obv: (AVKAIAΔPIANO) or similar.Laureate bust right; 2 countermarks: (1) to left of bust, (2) to right of bust. Rev: Uncertain inscription. Asklepios standing facing, holding snake-encircled staff, to his left cloaked and hooded figure of Telesphoros standing facing (?); countermark to left (3). Ref: BMC -. Axis: 360. Weight: 6.95 g. CM(1): Radiate head of Helios right, in oval punch, 4 x 5 mm. Howgego 7 (13 pcs). CM(2): Helmeted bust of Athena right, in shaped punch, 4.5 x 6 mm. Howgego 185 (28 pcs). CM(3):Telesphoros standing facing, in oval punch, 4 x 4.5 mm. Howgego 267 (5 pcs). Note: All those that bear countermark [3] also bear countermarks [1] and [2]. Collection Automan.Automan
H533b.JPG
Hendin-533 / 1223.b26 viewsHerod Philip - AE20 (year 16 = 12/13AD)
6.40 grams
Star in circle countermark on obverse
cmcdon0923
Hephthalites_Gbl-289A.jpg
Hephthalites: Anonymous (ca. 550-600) BI Drachm (Gbl-289A)32 viewsObv: tamgha left & right on obverse, with 3 pellets above crown
Rev: Fire altar with attendants; countermarked human head on reverse (Gbl Pl. 88-91)
SpongeBob
image00598.jpg
Hephthalites: Vasu Deva (early 7th Century) AR Tri-lingual Drachm (Gbl Hunnen Em.244, MACW-1560)47 viewsObverse: Bust of Vasu Deva right in Persian style. Bull head above crown ; tamgha countermark, gold plug countermark. Brahmi legend in field. Cursive Bactrian Greek Legend around.
Reverse: Zoroastrian fire altar and attendants. Pahlavi legend in fields, Cursive Bactrian Greek Legend around.
1 commentsSpongeBob
IMG_0766.JPG
Hepthalites, Uncertain. Circa 7th century AD. AR Drachm. Countermarks of Phromo Kesaro33 viewsHUNNIC TRIBES, Hephthalites. Uncertain.
Circa 7th century AD.
AR Drachm (31mm, 3.48 g, 3h)
Imitating a Sasanian drachm of Hormazd IV from the Balkh mint, dated RY 11.
Countermarks of Phromo Kesaro, applied late 7th to early 8th centuries AD.
Crowned bust right; c/m: human head left
Fire altar flanked by two attendants; c/m: ΦPOPO in Baktrian.
Gbl, Dokumente -; D. Schndelbach ONS Newsletter 169 (Spring 2001), p. 3. For c/ms: Gbl, Dokumente KM -, 59 var
Ardatirion
IMG_0766.jpg
Hepthalites, Uncertain. Circa 7th century AD. AR Drachm. Countermarks of Phromo Kesaro 17 viewsHunnic Tribes, Hephthalites. Uncertain.
Circa 7th century AD.
AR Drachm (31mm, 3.48 g, 3h)
Imitating a Sasanian drachm of Hormazd IV from the Balkh mint, dated RY 11.
Countermarks of Phromo Kesaro, applied late 7th to early 8th centuries AD.
Crowned bust right; c/m: human head left
Fire altar flanked by two attendants; c/m: ΦPOPO in Baktrian.
Gbl, Dokumente -; D. Schndelbach ONS Newsletter 169 (Spring 2001), p. 3. For c/ms: Gbl, Dokumente KM -, 59 var
stainless
Heraclius.jpg
Heraclius Monogram202 viewsHeraclius, 5 Oct 610 - 11 Jan 641 A.D., and Heraclius Constantine, 23 Jan 613 - 20 Apr 641 A.D.
7784. Bronze follis, S 805, aF, 10.23g, 31.4mm, 180o, 3rd officina, Constantinople mint, 629 - 630 A.D.; obverse monogram left, Heraclius in chlamys holding long cross on left, Heraclius Constantine in chlamys holding globus cruciger on right, cross between heads; reverse large M (40 nummi), chi rho Christogram above, ANNO left, uncertain regnal year on right (regnal year 20), G? below (3nd officina), CON in exergue; corrosion on reverse; sold.
Features obscure due to undertype effects and corrosion on reverse. KYZ mintmark from undertype clear on obverse. CONS legend from undertype clear on reverse. Heraclius monogram countermark on reverse. Sear notes this countermark is often found on coins of Maurice Tiberius.
whitetd49
her_rav.jpg
Heraclius, Follis, Ravenna mint, Sicilian countermark, 637-638 AD (year 28), Spahr 5335 viewsHeraclius (610-641 AD)

637-638 AD (Year 28)

Follis

Obverse: no legend, Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine and Heraclonas standing facing and holding globe bearing a cross.

Reverse: Large M; Above, monogram; To left, ANNO; To right, XXVIII ; exergus, RAV

Ravenna follis (sear 916) with sicilian countermark (sear 883), Spahr 53 (RRRR)

Ravenna/Sicily mint

Sear -, D.O.-, B.M.C.-, T.-, R-, B.N.-, M.I.B.,-. Spahr 53

RRRR

VF

10,79 g., 32 mm
L.e.
178.jpg
Herakles (bearded bust right)122 viewsSYRIA: DECAPOLIS. Abila. Marcus Aurelius. 24. A.D. 162/163 (year 226). Obv: (AY)TKAICM-AYPANT(AYΓ). Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; Countermark on shoulder. Rev: CEABIΛHNWNIAAΓ▪KOI▪CY, (S▪KC) in ex. Nude Herakles seated left on rock, holding club. Ref: Spijkerman 3; BMC - (no coins of Abila!). Axis: 360. Weight: 10.16 g. CM: Herakles, bearded bust right, in oval punch, 6 x 8 mm. Howgego 16 (7 pcs). Note: As this coin indicates, Howgego is incorrect in his claim that the countermark was applied only to the coins of Lucius Verus. Collection Automan.Automan
109.jpg
Herakles (bearded head of ?)169 viewsSYRIA: DECAPOLIS. Abila. Lucius Verus. 25. A.D. 166/167. Obv: AYTKAICAPΛ-AYPOYHPOC. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; Countermark on shoulder. Rev: CEABIΛHNW-NIAAΓKOICY, ΛC in ex. Nude Herakles seated left on rock, holding club. Ref: Spijkerman 11; SNG ANS 1122; BMC - (no coins of Abila!). Axis: 180. Weight: 10.76 g. CM: Herakles, bearded bust right, in oval punch, 6.5 x 8 mm. Howgego 16 (7 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
181.jpg
Herakles (bearded head right)114 viewsSYRIA: DECAPOLIS. Philadelphia. Titus. 23. A.D. 80/81 (year 143). Obv: (AYTOKPATΩP-TITOCKAICAP). Laureate head right; countermark below chin. Rev: (ΦIΛAΔEΛΦEΩN-LГMP). Laureate head of Herakles (Domitian) right. Ref: RPC 2106; BMC 4; Spijkerman 9; Rosenberger 7. Axis: 330. Weight: 9.31 g. CM: Bearded head of Herakles right, in circular punch, 7 mm. Howgego 17 (20 pcs). Note: Likely countermarked in connection with next issue of city under Hadrian. Collection Automan.Automan
038n.jpg
Herakles (bearded head)141 viewsUncertain mint. Trajan. 20. A.D. 98-117. Obv: ()AIA(). Laureate head right; countermark behind head. Weight:4.93 g. CM: Bearded head of Herakles right, in circular punch, 6 mm.Howgego -. Collection Automan.Automan
046n.jpg
Herakles (bearded head)161 viewsIMPERIAL. Augustus or Agrippa (?) . As (26 mm). Obv: Laureate head left; countermark below face. Weight: 8.51 g. CM: Bearded head of Herakles right, in oval punch, 6 x 7 mm. Howgego -. Note: The countermark is of lower Danubian origin. Collection Automan.Automan
TitusPhiladelph.jpg
Herakles, bearded head right170 viewsTitus, 24 Jun 79 - 13 Sep 81 A.D., Philadelphia, Decapolis, Syria
6540. Bronze AE 23, RPC 2106, BMC 4, Spijkerman 9 , Rosenberger 7, aVF, small flan, 11.31g, 21.7mm, 180o, Philadelphia mint, 80 - 81 A.D.; obverse AYTOKPATWP TITOC KAICAP, laureate head of Titus right, countermark bearded head of Herakles right; reverse FILADELFEWN L GMR (Philadelphia year 143), laureate head of Herakles right; $65.00
whitetd49
TitusPhiladelph2.jpg
Herakles, bearded head right165 viewsTitus, 24 Jun 79 - 13 Sep 81 A.D., Philadelphia, Decapolis, Syria
9664. Bronze AE 23, RPC 2106, BMC 4, Spijkerman 9 , Rosenberger 7, F, Philadelphia mint, 11.25g, 23.1mm, 0o, 80 - 81 A.D.; obverse AYTOKPATWP TITOC KAICAP, laureate head of Titus right, countermark bearded head of Herakles right; reverse FILADELFEWN L GMR (Philadelphia year 143), laureate head of Herakles right; nice red patina; $115.00
whitetd49
DomitianCM.jpg
Herakles, bearded head right180 viewsDomitian, 13 Sep 81 - 18 Sep 96 A.D., Philadelphia, Decapolis, Syria
11606. Bronze AE 23, Spijkerman 10 var (countermark), F, Philadelphia mint, 11.84g, 23.3mm, 0o, as Caesar, 80 - 81 A.D.; obverse DOMITIANOC KAICAP, laureate head of Domitian right, countermark bearded head of Herakles right; reverse FILADELFEWN L GMR (Philadelphia year 143), turreted and veiled head of Tyche right; nice green patina and choice countermark; $30.00. Forum catalog.
whitetd49
J10M-Philip.jpg
Herod Philip, (Herodian Tetrarch), Æ, 4 BCE – 34 CE51 viewsBronze of Herod Philip, 20mm, 4.6 grams.

Obverse: KAIΣAPI ΣEBAΣTΩ. Laureate head of Augustus r.; countermark on neck.
Reverse: Tetrastyle temple on high platform; date between columns, LIς = Year 16 = 12/13 C.E, inscription around, ΦIΛIΠΠOY TETPAPXOY.

Reference: Hendin 533, AJC II, 244, 5, TJC 99.

Added to collection: January 18, 2006
1 commentsDaniel Friedman
AE-hexa-octaeder-weight_Q-001_17x17x17mm_29,83g-s.jpg
Hexa-Octaeder (Kuboctaeder) type AE weight, two oposit site 5 σ-like countermark,117 viewsHexa-Octaeder (Kuboctaeder) type AE weight, two oposit site 5 σ-like countermark,
size: 17x17x17mm,
weight: 29,83g,
distribution: , date: , ref:
Q-001
quadrans
1407_Hierapolis.jpg
Hierapolis - AE5 views211-249 AD
draped bust of Roman Senate right; countermark
IEPA CV_NKΛHTOC
Hades abduces Persephone in quadriga right
IEPA_Π_O_Λ_ITΩN
NEΩKO
PON
BMC 86-7; SNG Cop. - , SNG v.Aul. 3633. ex MZ 130, 2006, 265; Howgego 278 (for c/m).
6,60g
ex Savoca
Johny SYSEL
38937_Hierapolis-Kastabala,_Cilicia,_2nd_-_1st_Century_B_C__CM.jpg
Hierapolis-Kastabala, Tyche/ city goddess seated; Obv circular countermark with upper body of a figure with left hand to head8 viewsCilicia, Hierapolis-Kastabala, 2nd-1st century B.C. Bronze AE 23, SNG Cop 140, Fair, countermark F, Hierapolis-Kastabala mint, weight 5.822g, maximum diameter 21.9mm, die axis 0o, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.; obverse veiled head of Tyche right with turreted crown, circular countermark with upper body of a figure with left hand to head; reverse [ΙΕΡΟΠΟΛΙΤΩΝ ΤΩΝ ΠΡΟΣ ΤΩΙ ΠΥΡΑΜΩΙ] or similar, city goddess seated left with chiton, holds long sceptre with left, sacrificing over altar with patera in extended right, eagle below; Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
122.jpg
HPA (monogram of)126 viewsMACEDON. Philippi. Tiberius. 17. A.D. 14-37. Obv: TI▪(AVG). Bare head right. Rev: Two colonists (or priests) ploughing right with two oxen; countermark. Ref: BMC 89-91 (Mysia: Parium); RPC 1657; Axis: 330. Weight: 4.09 g. CM: Monogram of HPA, in rectangular punch, 7 x 3 mm. Howgego -. Note: The countermark may possibly refer to a city by the name Heracleia, of which there was one in Bithynia, Caria and Macedon. Collection Automan.Automan
058n.jpg
HPAK177 viewsMACEDON. Philippi. Augustus. 18 (Semis). 27 B.C.-A.D. 14. Obv: (A)VG.Bare head right. Rev: Two colonists ploughing right with two oxen; 2 countermarks: (1) above oxen, (2) below oxen. Ref: BMC 86-88 (MYSIA. Parium). Axis: 330. Weight: 5.06 g. CM(1): HPAK (?) in rectangular punch, 9 x 3.5 mm. Howgego -. Note: The countermark may possibly refer to a city by the name Heracleia, of which there was one in Bithynia, Caria and Macedon. CM(2): Second application of same CM. Collection Automan.Automan
coin1~0.jpg
HPAK10 viewsMACEDON. Philippi. Augustus.

Obv: Bare head right.
Rev: Two colonists ploughing right with two oxen; countermark below oxen;

HPAK in rectangular punch
ecoli
018n.jpg
Hygieia (bust of)145 viewsCILICIA. Irenopolis. Trajan. 21 (Assarion?). A.D. 98/99 (year 47 of the era of Irenopolis). Obv: AYTO-KAICAP-TPAIANO(C). Laureate head right; countermark before neck. Rev: IPHNOΠOΛEI-(TΩN)ETOYCZM. Hygieia standing right, holding branch and snake which she feeds from patera. Ref: BMC -; SNG Paris 2253 (same obv. die); SNG Levante 1605 (same obv. die). Axis: 345. Weight: 4.96 g. Note: Ziegler notes 40 specimens of this date. CM: Bust of Hygieia right, snake before, in rectangular punch, 4 x 5 mm. Howgego 195 (12 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
162.jpg
Hygieia and Asklepios134 viewsCILICIA. Irenopolis. Domitian. 29 (2 Assaria). A.D. 92/93 (year 42). Obv: (AVTOK)PATΩPKAIΣAP-ΔOMITIAN(OΣ). Laureate head right; 2 countermarks, on lower part of bust (1) and before bust (2). Rev: (IPHNOΠOΛE-)ITΩN-ETO-BM. Veiled and turreted figure of Tyche seated right on rock, extending right hand holding ears of corn; river-god swimming right at her feet. Ref: BMC 2 var. (no star in field on rev., different rev. leg.); Sear 862 var.; RPC 1762 (8 pcs) var. (no star). Axis: 360. Weigh: 11.04 g. Note: Fourteen pieces of this size depicting Domitian noted by Ziegler (1993). CM(1): Bust of Hygieia right, snake before, in rectangular punch, 4 x 5 mm. Howgego 195 (12 pcs). CM(2): Head of Asklepios right, snake before, in circular punch, 6 mm Howgego 6 (4 pcs).Note: Three of the four specimens listed by Howgego bearing CM (2) also bear CM (1). Collection AutomanAutoman
Tiberius-Provprg_HISPANIA-CALAGURRIS-Stier.jpg
II-TIBERIUS-b - 001 AE27 DEMBSKI 6724 viewsAv) TI AVG DIVI AVGVSTI F IMP CAESAR
Laureate head right

Rv) MCI L FVL SPARSO L SATVRNIO II VIR
Bull standing right
In field countermark: B

Weight: 9,6g; : 27mm; Reference: Dembski 67;
Mint: HISPANIA CITERIOR // MVNICIPIVM: CALGVRRIS IVLIA
sulcipius
II_C_V_Countermark.jpg
II.C.V - Possible Barbaric210 viewsEmperor: Unknown
Date: Unknown
Condition: Mediocre
Denomination: Unknown

Countermark on Obverse: ||●C●V (Maybe an imitation of TI●C●A)
Unknown Reverse
5.23g; 24.5mm

Collection Pep
Pep
Counterfeit_Roman_bronze_countermarked.JPG
Imitation of Augustus dupondius24 viewsStruck Imitation of Augustus
TRIBVNIC POTEST dupondius type
1st century AD
degenerate, illegible legend in wreath
retrograde SC
degenerate, illegible legend

Countermarks: imitative, resembling AVG and TI CAES marks
Ardatirion
206.jpg
IMP in rectangular punch112 viewsBarbaric imitation of Asian AE As. Augustus. 25. 1st century A.D. Obv: TΛVЗEVSV (blundered). Head right. Rev: Blundered inscription obliterated by countermark. Wreath. Large flan crack due to countermarking. Axis: 300. Weight: 7.48 g. CM: IMP in rectangular punch, 10 x 5.5 mm. Imitation of imperial countermark. Collection Automan.Automan
NeroOtho.jpg
IMP•OTHO Monogram169 viewsNero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Tripolis, Phoenicia, Otho countermark
9273. Bronze AE 23, SGI 628, BMC Phoenicia 39, F, Tripolis mint, 7.21g, 22.9mm, 0o, obverse laureate head of Nero, countermarked IMPOTHO (emperor Otho, 15 Jan - 17 Apr 69 A.D.); reverse TRIPWLEITWN LQOT (= seleukid era year 379 = 67/68 A.D.), conjoined busts of the Dioscuri right, two stars above; sold.
whitetd49
236~0.jpg
Imperial head (Hadrian?) right201 viewsUncertain mint. Domitian (?). 33. A.D. 81-96 (?). Obv: Inscription illegible. Laureate bust/head right; countermark before. Rev: Worn smooth. Weight: 19.36 g. CM: Laureate imperial head right (Hadrian?), in oval punch, 8 x 10 mm. Howgego 109 (1 pc). Howgego notes that 109 is probably a Cypriot countermark. Collection Automan.1 commentsAutoman
ujjain Bird.3.45.JPG
India:Ujjaini countermarked coin159 viewsUjjaini countermarked coin from ancient Ujjain ,India,
BC 200.
Nice counter mark of a bird on tree top and ujjain symbol on top of it.
adityanoble
Ionia_Kolophon_Apollo_Tripod.JPG
Ionia Kolophon Apollo Tripod27 viewsKolophon, Ionia, 190 - 30 BC, 18mm, 5.1g, BMC -, Weber -, S -, SNG Cop 183
OBV: Apollo head facing slightly left;
REV: KOΛOΦON IKEΣIOΣ, tripod, lyre countermark

Nice Lyre Countermark
Romanorvm
7Humped.jpg
IONIA, Uncertain8 viewsIonia, 261-246 BC, uncertain location on the Meander River. Undertype: Antiochos II, Theos, Apollo/Tripod (SC 537, uncertain mint, possibly Tralles, notice the peculiar depiction of the "N"). Countermark features Acheloios Oxus Meander as a humped man-faced bull, head in profile, meander symbol above. Unique. MSP I, 503 (this coin illustrated).Molinari
IOTAPE-1.jpg
Iotape, wife and possibly sister of Antiochus IV, 38-72 CE.236 viewsCommagene, Syria. (25 mm, 13.50 g).
Obv: BACILICCA IWTAPH FILADELFOC. Diad. and dr. bust, r. Countermarked anchor on neck.
Rev: KOMMAGENWN. Scorpion; all within laurel wreath.
SGI 5514; BMC 20. 109, 1.
EmpressCollector
Irenopolis,_Cilicia_AE_assarion_of_Caracalla,_217-218_AD.jpg
Irenopolis, Cilicia AE assarion of Caracalla, 217-218 AD37 viewsCaracalla
Cilicia, Irenopolis
AE assarion 23mm
Struck 216-217 AD, countermarked under Gordian III
Laureate and draped bust right. C/m: Laureate head right
AYTOKPATΩP ANTΩNINOC
Bust of Dionysus r. with thrysos and bunch of grapes
EIRHNOΠOΛITON ET EΞP
SNG Righetti 1579, SNG Pfalz 6 640, Imhoof KM S442. For c/m: Howgego 105
Ardatirion
Claudius-Sest-Gegenst.jpg
IV-CLAUDIUS-a - 002 "Sestertius" - compare RIC I/9820 viewsAv) TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG PM TRP IMP
Laureate head right
Countermark DV

Rv) SPES AVGVSTA SC
Spes to left, lifting her skirt, holding flower

Weight:17,6g; : 32mm, Reference: compare RIC I/98 gepr.: 41-50

This Sestertius was downgraded to a dupondius and marked with DV (=DVpondius).
Most of these downgraded coins were found in the area of further PANNONIA and MOESIA
sulcipius
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Japan - Ryukyu Islands, 100 mon, AD 186343 viewsJAPAN, Provincial. Ryukyu Island.
100 Mon. (34mm x 49mm; 18.49 g)
Isonohama, Kagoshima mint. Cast Bunkyu 2-3 (AD 1862-1863).
Ryu Kyu Tsu Ho in Hnz
To Hyaku in Hnz; sa countermark on edge.
Hartill, Japanese 6.28; KM 100
Ardatirion
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Julia Domna, Hypaipa77 viewsJulia Domna
Ae 6.75g;24mm; Hypaipa, Lydia

IOULIA SEBASTH
Draped bust of Julia Domna right (countermark: Artemis Anaitis; Howgego 233)

EPI ST PAPIWNOS UPAIPHNWN
Temple with statue of Artemis Anaitis

BMC 36, This seems to have been gold plated at one time
arizonarobin
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Julia Domna, Laodikeia ad Lycum, Tyche, AE3137 viewsBronze AE 31, BMC 217 var, VF/F, 11.120g, 30.1mm, 180o, Laodikeia ad Lycum mint, obverse IOULIA DOMNA CE, draped bust right; reverse LAODIKEWN NEWKORWN PH, Tyche, wearing kalathos, cornucopia in left; full circle centering; scarce city

Two countermarks: bust right and monogram.

ex Automan, ex FORVM
areich
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Julius Caesar & Octavian93 viewsWreathed head of Julius Caesar right, ΘEOΣ downward before neck.

Bare head of Octavian right, Δ below neck, ΘEΣΣA - ΛONIKEΩN downward on left and upward on right.

Thessalonica, Macedonia, Year 4 = 28-27 BC.
AE 21
10.6g

RPC 1554. BM 58. Varbanov 5153. Touratsoglou, Thessaloniki, p. 143, no. 42 (V10/R39), pl. 1

Of all the coins of this type that I've searched online all of them with a counter mark are a Monogram of NK, in circular punch, 6.5 mm. Howgego 625 (25 pcs). Likely the countermark refers to NEPO KAICAP (Nero Caesar).

"The Δ has been interpreted as either a denomination mark (four assaria) or, more likely, a date - year four of the Actian era (28/7 BC). The ligate NK monogram has been generally accepted as a reference to Nero (Nerwn Kaisar). This is problematic considering that Thessalonica had abundant coinages issued under Claudius and Nero, such that countermarking these quite older coins would be unlikely. Touratsoglou (p. 105) follows Kraay's suggestion that the NK is an abbreviation for Nike (NiKh), and was applied to the coins during celebrations of the city's 50th anniversary of its grant of liberty by the Romans. All but two of the known specimens of this countermark occur on the coins of this first issue of Thessalonica, and the wear on the countermarks is nearly identical to that of the coins, suggesting that the countermarks could not have been applied very long after the coins entered circulation."


SOLD
1 commentsJay GT4
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Julius Caesar; 46 - 44BC20 viewsAE 20
Struck ca. 45 BC; Lampsacus, Mysia
Obv: C G I L (Colonia Gemella(?) Iulia Lampsacus), laureate head of Julius Caesar right; countermark: ΛAE monogram in a rectangular punch.
Rev: priest plowing with two oxen, marking the pomerium (sacred boundary marking the foundation of a new Roman colony), Q LVCRETIO / L PONTIO in two lines above, II VIR before bull's forelegs, M TVRIO LEG in exergue;

This type was the second issue to definitively feature a lifetime portrait of Julius Caesar, the first being an issue from Bithynia minted ca. 47/6 BC (RPC I 2026). Both of these bronze issues precede the earliest appearance of his portrait on a coin minted at Rome, that being the denarii of M. Mettius issued in January 44 BC.
1 commentscmcdon0923
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K in circle107 viewsPAMPHYLIA. Perga. Philip Sr. (?). 22. A.D. 244-249. Obv: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; Countermark on shoulder. Rev: (ΠE)PΓA-IΩN. Vulcan seated right, holding hammer in left hand. Ref: BMC -. Axis: 360. Weight: 4.70 g. CM: K in circle, in circular punch, 6 mm. Howgego 672 (8 pcs). Note: This specimen is on the small side for group 672, the specimens recorded by Howgego ranging from 23-32 mm and 6.98-21.43 grams. It is impossible to decide where the countermark was applied, although the specimens recorded by Howgego were originally minted in Phrygia, Pamphylia, Cilicia and Pisidia. Collection Automan.Automan
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KA (monogram of)125 viewsUncertain mint. 26. 1st century A.D. (?). Obv: Outline of female (?) imperial bust; Countermark (1) on neck. Rev: Worn smooth; Countermark (2). Weight: 7.92 g. CM(1-2): Monogram of KA, in circular punch, 4.5 mm. Howgego -. Collection Automan.Automan
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KA and Δ136 viewsCILICIA. Seleuceia ad Calycadnum. Gordian III. 29. A.D. 238-244. Obv: ANTΩNIOC-ΓΩPΔ(IANOCCE)BATOC (sic). Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; Two countermarks: (1) before bust on neck, (2) on back of head. Rev: CELEUK-E-(ΩNTΩΠPOC)-KAΛV-KAΔ. Athena standing right, holding spear in right hand and shield in left hand, striking down serpent-footed giant, who hurls stone with right hand.Ref: BMC 38 (same obv. die). Axis: 180. Weight:13.81 g. CM(1): Monogram of K and A, in shaped punch, 4 x 5 mm. Howgego 618 (52 pcs). Note: The countermark likely refers to Calycadnum. CM(2): Δ containing dot, in triangular punch, 6 x 5 mm. Howgego 670 (206 pcs). Note: Not likely to be a denominational countermark. Collection Automan.Automan
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KAI and laureate head127 viewsSAMARIA. Caesarea Maritima. Nero. 22. A.D. 68 (year 14 of the reign of Nero). Obv: (NEPΩNKAIΣAPΣEBAΣTOΣ). Laureate head right, star in front; countermark (1). Rev: (KA)IΣA(PIAHΠPOΣΣEBAΣTΩΛIMENI) or similar, LIΔ in field. Figure (Tyche?) standing left, holding human bust and standard; countermark (2) on figure. Ref: RPC 6842; Sear GIC 629. (Axis: 360). Weight: 10.24 g. CM(1): KAI in rectangular punch, 8 x 5 mm. Howgego 543 (18 pcs). Note: The countermark was probably applied in A.D. 68/68, before the city became colony under Vespasian, to validate coins of Nero. CM(2): Laureate head right, in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego 115 (12 pcs). Note: Likely applied at the same time as countermark (1). In fact, Howgego notes that it may well be the case that all coins bearing countermark (1) also bear countermark (2) and vice-versa. Collection Automan.Automan
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KAI and laureate head113 viewsSAMARIA. Caesarea Maritima. Nero. 23. A.D. 68 (year 14 of the reign of Nero). Obv: (NEPΩNKAIΣAPΣEBAΣTOΣ). Laureate head right, star in front; countermark on head (1). Rev: (KAIΣAPIAHΠPOΣΣEBAΣTΩΛIMENI) or similar, LIΔ in field. Figure (Tyche?) standing left, holding human bust and standard; countermark (2) on figure. Ref: RPC 6842; Sear GIC 629. Axis: 360. Weight: 10.49 g. CM(1): KAI in rectangular punch, 8 x 6 mm. Howgego 543 (18 pcs). Note: The countermark was probably applied in A.D. 68/68, before the city became colony under Vespasian, to validate coins of Nero. CM(2): Laureate head right, in circular punch, 4 mm. Howgego 115 (12 pcs). Note: Likely applied at the same time as countermark (1). In fact, Howgego notes that it may well be the case that all coins bearing countermark (1) also bear countermark (2) and vice-versa. Collection Automan.Automan
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KAI in rectangular punch123 viewsMACEDON. Amphipolis. Tiberius. 20. A.D. 14-37. Obv: (TIK)AIΣAPΣEB-BAΣTO(Σ) sic. Bare head right. Rev: AMΦIΠOΛITΩN. Artemis Tauropolos, holding inflated veil, riding on bull galloping right; countermark on neck of bull. Ref: BMC 80 (var. obv. leg. break); RPC 1632; Axis: 360. Weighr: 7.20 g. CM: KAI in rectangular punch, 5 x 2.5 mm. Howgego 542 (14 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
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KAP (monogram of)158 viewsSYRIA: SELEUCIS & PIERIA. Antiochia ad Orontem. Augustus. 27 (Large denomination, dupondius?). 5/4 B.C. (year 27). Obv: IMP▪(AVGVST▪)-TR▪POT. Laureate head right; countermark on chin and neck. Rev: SC within circle within laurel-wreath of eight leaves. Ref: RPC 4247. Axis: 15. Weight: 16.15 g. CM: Monogram of KAP, crescent above, in square punch, circa 9 x 8 mm. Howgego 607 (8 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
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Kelenderis; Tyche with owl cm/ Apollo with column; AE 2110 viewsCILICIA, Kelenderis. 2nd-1st century B.C. 21mm, 5.98g. Turreted, veiled, and draped bust of Tyche right; countermark of owl/ KELENDERITWN, Nude Apollo standing left, holding laurel wreath and resting elbow on column. Sear GCV II 5543. Ex areich. Photo credit areich1 commentsPodiceps
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Kings of Cilicia, Tarkondimotos I, c. 39 - 31 B.C.4 viewsKingdom of Cilicia, Tarkondimotos I, 39-31 BC, AE 21mm. Weight 9.31g. Diademed head of Tarkondimotos right, Anchor countermark / ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΤΑΡΚΟΝΔΙΜΟΤΟΥ, Zeus enthroned left, holding Nike and sceptre, RPC 3871; Sear #5682ddwau
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Kyme: 250 - 190 B.C. Bronze AE 21; Amazon Kyme/ horse; obv countermark6 viewsAeolis, Kyme: 250 - 190 B.C. Bronze AE 21, cf. BMC Aeolis p. 110, 59 var (field monogram), Fine, Kyme mint, weight 5.587g, maximum diameter 20.7mm, die axis 45o, obverse head of Amazon Kyme right, uncertain round countermark; reverse horse right, raising left fore-leg, ∆Ι front, uncertain magistrate's name in ex (ΑΡΙΣΤΟΦΑΝ[...]?); Ex FORVMPodiceps
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Lampsacus56 viewsJulius Caesar
AE 22 mm
Parium or Lampsacus
Banti & Simonetti I no.204 (Parium)
RPC I 2269 (Lampsacus)

Countermarked C cornucopia P on obverse
mauseus
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Lampsakos; AE22; Head of Apollo r., cm owl;
ΛΑΜ Lyra, forepart of Pegasos26 viewsLampsacus, Mysia, Second - first century B.C. 
6.86g, 22mm. Head of Apollo laureate r.; countermark: owl. /
ΛΑΜ 
Lyra, forepart of Pegasos on l. Cf. SNG Copenhagen 217; Cf. BMC 87, 75 (no countermark). Ex Gerhard RohdePodiceps
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Laodicea ad Mare, AE 27, Roma seated5 viewsCaracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Laodicea ad Mare, Syria (modern Latakia). Bronze AE 27, Righetti 2117 var (laureate bust); cf. SNG Cop 363 (Geta?, laureate); BMC -, aVF, Laodicea ad Mare mint, 9.64g, 26.9mm, 0o, obverse bare-headed bust right, CA countermark; reverse ΙΟΥΛ ΛΑΟΔΙΚΕWΝ ΜΗΤΡΟΠΟΛΕC, Roma seated left on shield, Nike in right, spear in left; rare. Ex FORVMPodiceps
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laodicea001a_25 viewsElagabalus
Laodicea, Phrygia

Obv: ΑYT Κ Μ ΑΥΡ ΑΝΤΩΝƐΙΝΟС, laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus, right. Countermark of monogram within incuse circle.
Rev: ΛΑΟΔΙΚƐΩΝ ΝΕΩΚΟΡΩΝ ΔΟΓΜΑΤΙ, in field beginning upper left, ϹΥΝΚΛΗ-ΤΟΥ, clasped hands.
29 mm, 9.79 gms

RPC Online 5501; BMC 238; SNG Cop 595 Countermark: Howgego 631
Charles M
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Laodiceia ad Mare; AE23, Bust of Tyche to left, Obv countermark14 viewsAntoninus Pius, AE 23mm. Struck at Laodicea ad Mare, Syria. 23mm, 9.2g. AVTO KA TI AIΛ AΔPI ANTWNEINOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left, seen from behind; countermark on neck. Reverse: IOVΛIEWN TWN KAI ΛAOΔIKEWN MO ΛP, draped bust of Tyche with mural crown to left. Hunter 30. Obverse countermark of a bearded head (Antoninus Pius?). Ex Incitatus1 commentsPodiceps
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Large head right107 viewsUncertain mint. 22. 1st century A.D. ? Obv: Inscription illegible. Outline of imperial bust right; countermark on bust. Rev: Worn smooth. Weight: 6.42 g. CM: Large head right, in rectangular punch, 7 x 9 mm. Howgego -. Collection AutomanAutoman
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Laureate (?) head right192 viewsSAMARIA. Caesarea (?). Domitian. 18. A.D. 81-96. Obv: Inscription obliterated. Laureate (?) head right; countermark on neck. Rev: Inscription obliterated. Tyche standing or seated left (?). Axis: 360. Weight: 3.80 g. Note: The coin was sold in a lot of 4 pieces, at least 2 of which were from Caesarea. CM: Laureate (?) head right, in rectangular punch, 3 x 4 mm. Howgego 135 (28 pcs). Collection Automan.1 commentsAutoman
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Laureate (?) head right122 viewsSAMARIA. Uncertain mint (Caesarea Maritima?). Titus (?). 20. 70s A.D. (?). Obv: Inscription illegible. Faint outline of imperial bust right; countermark on neck. Rev: Worn smooth. Weight: 7.59 g. CM: Laureate (?) head right, in rectangular punch, 3.5 x 4.5 mm. Howgego 135 (28 pcs). Note: Probably applied in Palestine. Collection Automan.Automan
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Laureate and draped bust right160 viewsPAPHLAGONIA. Amastris. Elagabalus. 26. A.D. 218-222. Obv: AVTKMAPH(...). Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; countermark before bust. Rev: AMACTP-I-ANΩN. Dionysus standing left, holding thyrsus and cantharos; panther at his feet to left. Ref: BMC -. Axis: 265. Weight: 10.24 g. CM: Laureate and draped bust right, in oval punch, 6.5 x 7.5 mm. Howgego 65 (?). Note: The attribution of the countermark to Howgego group 65 is uncertain, but considering where and when the coin was struck it seems logical. Collection Automan.Automan
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Laureate and draped bust right157 viewsUncertain mint. Antoninus Pius. 25. A.D. 138-161. Obv: Inscription obliterated. Laureate head right; countermark on neck, below chin. Rev: Inscription obliterated. Athena standing left, resting left hand on shield, extending right hand, holding patera (?). Axis: 360. Weight: 11.10 g. CM: Laureate and draped bust right, in oval punch, 4 x 5.5 mm. Possibly Howgego 56 (mainly Corinth), 65 (mainly Nicaea), 70 (Pergamum) or 113 (Laodiceia, although the coin does not look like the Laodiceia/Tyche type). Collection Automan.Automan
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Laureate bust198 viewsBITHYNIA. Prusa ad Olympum. Maximinus I. 23. A.D. 235-238. Obv: ΓIOVMAΞIMEINOCAV. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; countermark on bust. Rev: ΠP-OVC-AEΩN. Athena standing left, holding patera in right hand and spear in left, shield at her feet. Ref: BMC -; Waddington 148. Axis: 30. Weight: 8.95 g. CM: Laureate bust right, in oval punch, 5 x 6 mm. Howgego 65 (130 pcs). Note: Dating of the countermark is problematic, and it seems likely that it was applied over a period of time. Collection Automan.Automan
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Laureate bust and Δ149 viewsBITHYNIA. Nicaea. Maximus. 23. A.D. 235-238. Obv: (ΓI)OVOVHMAΞIMOCK. Bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; 2 countermarks: (1) behind bust, (2) on bust. Rev: N(IKAI)-EΩN.Athena seated left, holding figure of Nike in outstretched right hand, shield behind. Ref: BMC -; Weiser 61. Axis: 210. Weight: 6.94 g. CM(1): Laureate bust right, in circular punch, 6.5 mm.Howgego 65 (130 pcs). Dating of the countermark is problematic, and it seems likely that it was applied over a period of time. CM(2): Δ in circular punch, 6 mm. Howgego 788. Collection Automan.Automan
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Laureate bust and "S" (?)127 viewsUncertain mint. 18. 2 countermarks. Worn smooth. Weight: 2.70 g. CM(1): Laureate bust right, in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego CM(2): (?).S (?) in rectangular punch, 5 x 3 mm.Howgego - (?).Collection Automan.Automan
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Laureate bust and Nike130 viewsUncertain mint.Uncertain (Septimius Severus?). 21. Obv: Inscription obliterated. Laureate bust right; 2 countermarks: (1) before bust, (2) on neck. Rev: Female deity standing left. Axis: 180. Weigth: 5.15 g. CM(1): Laureate bust right, in circular punch, 6 mm. Likely Howgego 65 (130 pcs). CM(2): Nike standing right in oval punch, 5 x 7 mm. Howgego 254 (94 pcs). Note: The combination of (1) and (2) is recorded (14 pcs in Howgego). Collection Automan.Automan
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Laureate bust and Nike left130 viewsBITHYNIA. Nicaea. Marcus Aurelius. 28. A.D. 161-180. Obv: (AV)KMAVP-A(NTΩN...). Laureate head right; 2 countermarks: (1) before neck, (2) behind neck. Rev: (NIKAIEΩN). Female deity (Athena?), standing facing. Ref: BMC -. Axis: 225. Weight: 13.32 g. CM(1): Laureate bust right, in circular punch, 5.5 mm. Howgego 65 (130 pcs). CM(2): Nike standing left (!) in oval punch, 5.5 x 7 mm. Howgego 254 (94 pcs). Note: Most of these countermarks show Nike standing right. The Nike probably referred to the city and not a specific victory. Collection Automan.Automan
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Laureate bust right157 viewsCILICIA. Claudiopolis. Hadrian. 24. A.D. 117-138 . Obv: AYTKAITPAAΔPIANO(CCEB). Laureate bust right, countermark before bust. Rev: (KΛA)Y-ΔIOΠOΛITW. Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia. Ref: BMC 1; Sear GIC 1219. Axis: 360. Weight: 9.24 g. Note: Rare city. CM: Laureate bust right, in oval punch, 6 x 8 mm. Howgego 103 (4 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
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Laureate bust right120 viewsCORINTHIA. Corinth. Commodus. 25. A.D. 177-192. Obv: IMPCOMMODVS-(ANTONINVS AVG) or similar. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; countermark before bust. Rev: CLI-(COR).Nike walking right, holding wreath and palm. Ref: BMC 640-641v (size). Axis: 90. Weight:9.89 g. CM: Laureate bust right, in oval punch, 4 x 5 mm. Howgego 56 (89 pcs). Note: Likely applied after circa A.D. 205, the vast majority of coins bearing this countermark are from Corinth. Collection Automan.Automan
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Laureate bust right122 viewsAEOLIS. Aegae. Civic. 25. Time of Commodus. Obv: (IEPACYN-KΛ)HTO(C). Draped bust of the Roman Senate right; countermark on neck. Rev: EΠICTPΦIΛ(AΔEΛΦOVAIΓAEΩ, N in field). Homonoia standing left, holding patera and cornucopia, altar at feet. Ref: BMC 16; Sear GIC 4925. Axis: 180. Weight: 8.86 g. CM: Laureate bust right, in circular punch, 5.5 mm. Howgego (?).There is a possibility that there may be a letter or symbol before the bust. Collection Automan.Automan
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Laureate bust right170 viewsBITHYNIA. Nicaea. Commodus. 24. A.D. 177-192. Obv: (M)AVKO-ANTΩ(NINOC) or similar. Bare headed and draped bust right. Rev: NIK(A)-IEΩN. Turreted and veiled head of Tyche right; countermark on head. Ref: BMC 45 var. Axis: 225. Weight: 6.22 g. CM: Laureate bust right , in circular punch, 6 mm. Howgego 65, 66 or 67 (?). Note: The coin can not be neatly assigned to either category. Howgego 65 (130 pcs) was applied to the obverse. Howgego 66 (47 pcs), which was applied to the reverse, was applied only to later coins. Howgego 67 (48 pcs) was also applied to the reverse, but almost exclusively to coins of Nicomedia. However, the reverse of this coin may have been mistaken for an obverse since it depicts bust of Tyche! Collection Automan.Automan
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Laureate bust right129 viewsCORINTHIA.Corinth.Julia Domna. 24.A.D. 193-217. Obv: IVLIA-(DOMNAAVG) or sim. Draped bust right; countermark on shoulder. Rev: CLI-(COR). Dionysos standing left, holding thyrsus and cantharus, panther at his feet. Ref: BMC -; SNG Cop -. Axis: 90. Weight: 5.57 g. CM: Laureate bust right, in oval punch, 4 x 5 mm. Howgego 56 (89 pcs). Note: Likely applied after circa A.D. 205. The vast majority of coins bearing this countermark are from Corinth. Collection Automan.Automan
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Laureate bust right106 viewsSYRIA or SAMARIA (?). Uncertain mint. Titus or Domitian (?). 23. 70s-80s A.D. Obv: Inscription illegible. Faint outline of imperial bust right; countermark on head. Rev: Worn smooth. Weight: 10.78 g. CM: Laureate bust right, in rectangular punch, 4.5 x 6 mm. Howgego 133 ? (17 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
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Laureate bust right (Caracalla?)150 viewsLYDIA. Thyatira. Commodus. 29. A.D. 177-192. Obv: (AVKAI)MAV-PHKOMMOΔO. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; countermark behind neck. Rev: CTPMAVPAΘHN-AIOVΘ(VATEIP)HN(ΩN?). Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia. Ref: BMC 83. Axis: 15. Weigth: 13.08 g. CM: Laureate bust right (Caracalla?), in circular punch, 4.5 mm. Howgego 93 (55 pcs). Note: The countermarking may be connected to the visit of Caracalla to Thyatira in A.D. 214. Collection Automan.Automan
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Laureate bust right and ΛAM124 viewsSYRIA: COMMAGENE. Tiberius. 29 (Dupondius). A.D. 19-21. Obv: (TICAESARDIVIAVGVSTIFAVGVS-TVS). Laureate head right; 2 countermarks: (1) on bust, (2) on lower part of bust. Rev: (PONTMAXIMCOSIIIIMPVII) TRPOT(XXII). Two crossed cornucopiae, between which winged caduceus. Ref: RPC 3868; RIC 90. Axis: 360. Weight: 11.27 g. Note: Struck after Tiberius annexed Commagene in A.D. 19. CM(1): Laureate bust right, in circular punch, 6 mm.Howgego 111iv (7 pcs). CM(2): ΛAM in rectangular punch, 10 x 4.5 mm. Howgego 549 (1+2? pcs). Note: Howgego speculates that alternative readings are possible, although this specimen certainly appears to read ΛAM, which may refer to L. Aelius Lemia, legate of Syria A.D. 21-32. Collection Automan.Automan
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Laureate head of emperor right133 viewsUncertain mint. Domitian (?). 29. 1st century A.D. Obv: Inscription illegible. Outline of imperial bust right; countermark before. Rev: Worn smooth. Weight: 7.25 g. CM: Laureate head of emperor right, in oval punch, 7.5 x 9 mm. Howgego 109 sim (?). Note: Howgego 109 is noted as being a Cypriot countermark. Collection Automan.1 commentsAutoman
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Laureate head of emperor right231 viewsUncertain mint. Domitian (?). 29. 1st century A.D. Obv: Inscription illegible. Outline of imperial bust right; countermark before. Rev: Worn smooth. Weight: 7.25 g. CM: Laureate head of emperor right, in oval punch, 7.5 x 9 mm. Howgego 109 sim (?). Note: Howgego 109 is noted as being a Cypriot countermark. Collection Automan.1 commentsAutoman
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Laureate head right (Caracalla?)151 viewsBITHYNIA. Nikomedia. Septimius Severus. 22. A.D. 193-211. Obv: ACEΠTI-CEVHPOCΠ. Laureate bust right. Rev: NIKO(MH)ΔEΩNΔICNEΩKO(PΩN). Female deity standing left, holding uncertain items; countermark at lower right. Ref: BMC Axis: 360. Weight: 5.42 g. CM: Laureate head right (Caracalla?), in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego 67 (48 pcs). Note: May have been applied because Caracalla spent his birthday 4/4 215 in Nicomedia. Collection Automan.Automan
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Laureate head right (Caracalla?)160 viewsBITHYNIA. Nikomedia. Septimius Severus. 22. A.D. 193-211. Obv: AVKΛCEΠ-(CEV)HPOCΠ. Laureate head right. Rev: ΔICNEΩKOP-ΩNNIK(OMH)ΔE, Ω-(N) in field. Female deity standing left, holding uncertain items; countermark at lower right. Ref: BMC -. Axis: 180. Weight: 4.82 g. CM: Laureate head right (Caracalla?), in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego 67 (48 pcs). Note: May have been applied because Caracalla spent his birthday 4/4 215 in Nikomedia. Collection Automan.Automan
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Laurel branch with four leaves223 viewsSYRIA: SELEUCIS & PIERIA. Antiochia ad Orontem. Hadrian. 26. A.D. 117-138. Obv: AVT.KAIC.Θ.TP.Π.YI.Θ.NEP.YIW.T(P.AΔPIANOC.CEBAC) or similar. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; countermark to right, before bust. Rev: Large SC, small Θ below, all within laurel-wreath. Ref: BMC 295-299v. Axis: 30. Weight: 13.67 g. CM: Laurel branch with four leaves, in rectangular punch, 4.5 x 6 mm. Howgego 378 (69 pcs). Note: The countermark was applied before A.D. 132-135. Collection Automan2 commentsAutoman
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Laurel branch with four leaves168 viewsIONIA. Magnesia ad Maeandrum. Claudius. 18. A.D. 41-54. Obv: KΛA(YΔIOC-KAICAP). Laureate head right; countermark on head. Rev: (MAΓNHTΩN). Facing cult statue of Artemis Leukophrys, with two supports. Ref: RPC 2700; BMC -. Axis: 330. Weight: 3.54 g. CM: Laurel branch with 4 leaves, in square punch, 4 mm. Howgego 377 (2 pcs). Note: Howgego lists only two pieces with this countermark, one of Tiberius and one civic, both of Magnesia. Collection: Automan.Automan
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Leg IX22 viewsThis worn denarius has an IMP VES countermark on the reverse. Most likely the countermark was applied at Ephesus early in Vespasian's reign. Proof that more than 100 years after being minted this coin was still circulating around the Roman world!Paul F
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Lepida-Celsa, Spain. AE29; CN DOMITI C POMPEIO II VIR C VI CEL, bull with countermark; RPC 27816 viewsAugustus; Lepida-Celsa, Spain. 5-3 B.C. 29 (As). 27.5mm, 11.6g. Obverse: IMP CAESAR DIVI F AVGVSTVS COS XII, laureate head right. Reverse: CN DOMITI C POMPEIO II VIR C VI CEL, bull standing right, countermark on bull. RPC 278.Podiceps
T & L.JPG
Livia and Tiberius29 viewsObv. Tiberius
Rev. Livia
Size: 27 mm.
Minted: Minted in Augusta, Cilicia.
Attribution: The coin lists as a variant of S.322.
Other: countermark ? Military standard
Marjan E
Livia_IVSTITIA.jpg
Livia Dupondius91 viewsIVSTITIA
Diad. and draped bust of Livia as Justitia right

TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVG P M TR POT XXIIII around large SC

Rome 22-23AD

12.61g

Sear 1739

Countermark on reverse NCAP?:
There are several interpretations of what this, the most interesting of all Julio-Caludian ctmk., means. The two most likely are:
1. Nero Ceasar Augustus Populi Romani
2. Nero Caesar Augustus Probavit
In the first instance it is a congiarium or public dole given by Nero to the people of Rome. In the second, it is a revalidation of the earlier coins of ones predecessors still in circulation.
Possible is also a later use, eg. by Nerva, or that no emperors name was part of the countermark, Countermark Martini Pangerl Collection 1; 20; 60 depending on subtype
2 commentsTitus Pullo
Livia_IVSTITIA~0.jpg
Livia dupondius with Nero Countermark119 viewsIVSTITIA
Diad. and draped bust of Livia as Justitia right

TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVG P M TR POT XXIIII around large SC

Rome 22-23AD

Sear 1739

Countermark on reverse NCAP:
There are several interpretations of what this, the most interesting of all Julio-Caludian ctmk., means. The two most likely are:
1. Nero Ceasar Augustus Populi Romani
2. Nero Caesar Augustus Probavit
In the first instance it is a congiarium or public dole given by Nero to the people of Rome. In the second, it is a revalidation of the earlier coins of ones predecessors still in circulation.
Possible is also a later use, eg. by Nerva, or that no emperors name was part of the countermark, Countermark Martini Pangerl Collection 1; 20; 60 depending on subtype
Titus Pullo
livia_(Tiberius)47_countermark_NCAPR.jpg
Livia, RIC I (Tiberius) 47 countermarked with NCAPR75 viewsLivia, died AD 29, wife of Augustus
AE - Dupondius, 12.69g, 28.8mm, 180
struck under Tiberius, Rome, AD 21-22
obv. Bust of Livia as Salus, draped, r.; hair bound in knot on back
rev. TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVG TR POT XXIIII (beginning upper r.)
in field big SC
upper left c/m NCAPR in rectangular incus
ref. RIC I, Tiberius 47; BMCR (Tiberius) 82
c/m Pangerl 60a; Werz 139
Scarce, about VF
From Forum Ancient Coins, thanks!

NACPR mostly is explained as "Nero Caesar Augustus Populo Romano". Excavations of the Meta Sudans and at the north-eastern slope of the Palatine Hill indicate that this countermark was distributed to the people during Nero's congiarium AD 57.
4 commentsJochen
209.jpg
LVIF and laureate (?) head right158 viewsSYRIA: SELEUCIS & PIERIA. Antiochia ad Orontem. Nero or Domitian. 22. A.D. 65/66 (year 114; if Nero) or A.D. Obv: Illegible legends, laureated head left; 2 countermarks: (1) on head, (2) behind neck. Rev: SC within laurel-wreath of eight leaves. Ref: RPC 4298 (if Nero) or 2024 (if Domitian). Axis: 30. Weight: 6.35 g. CM(1): LVIF in rectangular punch, 7 x 3 mm. Howgego 726 (12 pcs). Note: Countermark of the 6th Legion Ferrata. Applied only to the samaller denomination, primarily of the SC series. Likely applied at the same time as countermark (2), possibly in Palestine after the transfer of the Legion to Caparcotna in Judaea, where it is known to have been stationed after the Jewish revolt of 132-135 (and possibly even from around 123). CM(2): Laureate (?) head right, in square punch, 4 mm. Howgego 134 (11 pcs). Note: Also countermark of the 6th Legion Ferrata. Likely applied at the same time as countermark (1). Collection Automan.Automan
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LXV and thunderbolt184 viewsSyria, Seleucis and Pieria, Antiochos ad Orontem. Augustus, 27 B.C. - 14 A.C. AE-23/26 mm, 12.53 grs. AV: IMP AVG[...], Head of Augustus without laurel to right. Rectangular CM (1): thunderbolt, Howgego 472 (4 pcs); rectangular CM(2): LXV, Howgego 739 (9 pcs). SC in a laurel wreath. Note: CM(2) refers to the 15th legion ("Apollinaris), although Howgego notes that dating is complicated, as is ascertaining where it was applied. Howgego further notes that CM(1) is likely to be associated with the 12th legion ("Fulminata"), as it appears on another coin countermarked "FVLM". However, the combination of countermarks on the present coin (i.e. LXV and thunderbolt) was not known to Howgego. Had it been, he might have concluded otherwise. Collection: Mueller.Automan
bee.jpg
Lycia, Termessos Minor, with Bee Countermark13 viewsAE21, 5.14g, 9h; 1st-century BC
Obv.: Laureate head of Zeus right, scepter behind; bee countermark.
Rev.: TEP-MHΣ/ΣE-ΩN; winged thunderbolt.
Reference: BMC 277, 9 (Pisidia). SNG von Aulock 4455.
Notes: ex-Dr. Florian Heymann, sold to Sx, 10/29/15
John Anthony
CaracallaAttaleiaLydiaDionysus_Pan1.jpg
Lydia, Attaleia (Attalia). Caracalla (AD 198217). SNG Fitzwilliam 4847.30 viewsLydia, Attaleia (Attalia). Caracalla (AD 198217). 29mm, 13.40g, 5h.
Obverse: [ΑVΤΟ ΚΑΙ Μ]ΑV Ρ [ΑΝΤΩ]ΝΙΝΟ / C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of beardless emperor right, seen from behind; oval countermark of eagle with wings open in right field.
Reverse: ΕΠ CΤΡ ΜЄΝЄ ΚΡΑΙΟΥC Β ΑΤΤΑΛ / Є[ΑΤ]ΩΝ, naked Dionysus facing with head left, resting his left hand on thyrsos and extending his right to the horned Pan, who lies right on the ground with left hand raised.
References: SNG Fitzwilliam 4847 (= Leake, Suppl. p. 27.2 = Tochon, 721); Wroth, N. Chr. 1903, p. 336, no. 28 (Pl. XI, 11). For countermark, see Howgego 328.
Ex Christian Clau, 5-16-2013.

The same obverse die was also used on coin issues of Silandus and Acrasus. See, for example, CNG E303, Lot 221: http://www.cngcoins.com/Coin.aspx?CoinID=234088.
Mark Fox
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Lydia, Characa. Drusus AE18. Amphora countermark 26 viewsDrusus Caesar (Son of Germanicus, Brother of Caligula and Nero Caesar)
Obv. DPOVSOS KAISAP, Juvenile head of Drusus.
Rev. MENOFANTOY KAPAKI..., Caduceus.
18mm., 4.2gm.
Sylloge of Ancient Unedited Coins of Greek Cities and Kings, 1837, p. 79
Howgego 369.
1 commentsancientone
Lydia_MagnesiaAdSipylum_HermosAE17_1_48g.jpg
Lydia, Magnesia ad Sipylum, Herakles / river god Hermos, AE1718 views17mm, 1.48g
obv: [MA] ΓNHTΩ CIΠVLOV; bare head of Herakles right, scorpion countermark
rev: [E]PMOC; Hermos reclining to left, behind him cornucopia and vase from which water flows
areich
LydiaNacrasaRPCII938_1a.jpg
Lydia, Nacrasa. Time of Hadrian or later. RPC II 938. Possibly one of two known. 20 viewsLydia, Nacrasa. Pseudo-autonomous issue, time of Hadrian (AD 117138) or later. 19mm, 4.99 g, 1h. Struck under the magistrate Markos.
Obverse: ΙЄΡΑ CΥ Ν ΚΛΗΤΟC, draped bust of the Senate right; countermarked with capricorn right.
Reverse: [ΕΠΙ CΤΡ ΜΑΡΚΟΥ] ΝΑΚΡΑCЄΙΤ, Artemis Ephesia standing facing, wearing polos and veil, extending hands supported by fillets between two stags, with crescent in left field and star in right.
References: RPC II 938 (= Imhoof, LS 6); Howgego 307 (for c/m).
Ex Gitbud & Naumann (eBay), 8-9-2014.
Mark Fox
IMG_9318.JPG
Lydia, Sardes; Germanicus and Drusus26 viewsLYDIA, Sardes. Germanicus and Drusus, Caesares. 28-29 AD(?), by Asinius Pollio, Proconsul. Togate figures of Drusus and Germanicus seated left on curule chairs, DROUSOS KAI GERMANIKOS KAISARES NEOI QEOI FILADELFOI around (overstruck on original legend) / KOINOU ASIAS in two lines within wreath; GAIW ASINNIW POLLIWNI ANQUPATW around (overstruck on original legend). RPC I 2995; Weber 6905.

This interesting coin appears to be an original issue, but in actuality, it is an earlier issue that is restruck with two intricate 'countermarks.' These 'countermarks' were ring-shaped punch restrikings of the legends that surround the obverse and reverse designs. While the obverse 'countermark-legend' is the same as that which appeared on the original striking, the reverse legend, originally EPI ARCIEPEWS ALEXANDROU KLEWNOS SAPDIANOU, has been totally replaced by a new 'countermark-legend.'
1 commentsecoli
thyat_serap_isis.jpg
LYDIA, THYATEIRA16 views2nd Century AD
Semi-autonomous
AE 19.5 mm; 3.47 g
O: Draped bust of Serapis right, kalathos on head; countermark of right-facing head at left
R: QUATEI-RHNWN, Isis standing left, holding sistrum and sceptre.
Thyateira mint; BMC 53, SNG Leypold 1268
laney
P1019984.JPG
Lydia. Nacrasa , Pseudo-autonomous issue. AE16.23 viewsLydia. Nacrasa , Pseudo-autonomous issue.
Obv. Youthful bust of the Roman Senate right
Rev. Draped and turreted bust of Roma right.
Capricorn with Cornucopia ( Howgego 307. ) Countermark.
Lee S
GermanicusDrususBlackBackground.jpg
LYDIA. Sardes. Germanicus, with Drusus (Caesar, 15 BC-AD 19). Ae (Restruck circa AD 28/9)64 viewsAsinius Pollio, proconsul

This coin was originally struck with the reverse legend EPI ARXIEREWS ALEXANDROU KLEWNOS SARDIANOU but using an elaborate set of ring shaped countermark dies the obverse and reverse legends were restruck, the reverse indicating the new magistrate.

Obverse Legend : deltaΡΟΥΣΟΣ KAI gammaΕΡMANIKOΣ KAIΣΑΡΕΣ NEOI ΘEOI ΦΙΛΑdeltaΕΛΦOI
Obverse Description : Togate figures of Drusus and Germanicus seated left on curule chairs, one figure holding a lituus
Reverse Legend : gammaΑΙΩ AΣΙΝΝΙΩ ΠΟΛΛΙΩΝI ANΘΥΠΑΤΩ KOINOΥ AΣΙΑΣ
Reverse Description : KOINOY AΣΙΑΣ in two lines within wreath; legend around
Weight: 15.5 gm
Diameter: 29 mm

RPC 2995

Supposedly there is an article about this coin in the November 1994 issue of The Celator. I'm trying to locate a copy of that article-- no luck finding it online so I'll have to find and buy a copy of that issue. The piece by Thomas McKenna is titled "The case of the curious coin of Caligula: A provincial bronze restruck with legend-only dies".
3 commentsTIF
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Lyre (?)119 viewsBITHYNIA. Nicaea. Maximinus I. 23. A.D. 235-238. Obv: (ГI)OVOVHMA-ΞI(MEINOCAVГ). Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; countermark behind neck. Rev: NIKAI-(EΩN). Triptolemus standing in chariot, drawn right by two winged serpents. Ref: BMC -; Axis: 360. Weight: 6.97 g. CM: Possibly a lyre (?).Howgego -. Collection Automan.Automan
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LYSIMACHUS (Lysimachos) 305-281 BCE, With Countermark of KALLATIS21 viewsMint, Thrace
Obverse: Head of Athena attic helmet.
Reverse: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛΥΣIMAXOΥ, lion running jumping right, spearhead below
Nice smooth, deep-green patina. SNG COP 1149-1151, McClean 4499. s.sch.4.80g/22mm
1 commentsNORMAN K
123.jpg
M▪ST129 viewsMACEDON. Stobi (?). Marcus Aurelius (?). 24. A.D. 161-180 (?). Obv: Inscription illegible. Imperial head right. Rev: Inscription illegible. Female deity (Tyche?) standing. Axis: 360. Weight: 12.11 g. CM: M▪ST in rectangular punch, 9 x 3.5 mm. Howgego 704 (2 pcs). Note: The two specimens noted by Howgego are from Commodus and Marcus Aurelius and were struck in Stobi. The countermark should be read Municipium Stobensium. Collection: Automan.Automan
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M-like shape133 viewsBOSPORUS, Kings of. Rhoemetalces. 24 (48 Numia). A.D. 133-154 (circa). Obv: (BACI)ΛWECPOIMHTAΛKOY (sic!). Diademed and draped bust right. Rev: MH within wreath; Countermark to lower left. Sear (GIC) 5469 var. (no trident); BMC 11-12 var. (regular A:s); Weight: 6.66 g.CM: M-like countermark, in circular or semi-circular punch, 8 mm. Howgego -. Collection Automan.Automan
032n.jpg
M. Aurelius or Commodus (head of)149 viewsUncertain mint. Domitian (?). 28. Laureate head right; countermark before head. Weight:12.39 g. CM: Laureate head right (of Marcus Aurelius or Commodus?), in oval punch, 5 x 7 mm. Howgego 131.1 similar. Note: The countermark does show some resemblance to 131.1 (1 single piece), although that portrait appears to bare-headed rather than laureate. Collection Automan.Automan
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M.S - Municipium Stobensium, Howgego -233 viewsMarcus Aurelius, AE 26 Tetrassaria
Obverse legend lost, usually variation of IMP M AVR ANTONINVS
Bust laureate, right (may also be radiate)
Reverse legend lost, usually variation of MVN STOB
AMNG Gaebler 7, SNG Cop 330 (if laureate bust)
Cohen 1075 (if radiate)
M.S stands for Municipium Stobensium. This countermark unlisted in Howgego. Two other countermarks are known: M.ST (Howgego 704) and MST (unlisted). Only two hosts are known for Stobi countermarks. The second is also Marcus Aurelius with Zeus sitting to left, Cohen 1071-3, Lindgren 1141 (flying Nike on a globe behind), Moushmov 6536.
2 commentswhitetd49
Stobe M.ST.jpg
M.ST184 viewsObv: Radiate head of M. Aurelius; Countermark. Host coin possibly of Stobe, although reverse is worn blank. CM: M.ST in rectangular punch for "Municipium Stobensium". Howgego 704. Collection Cassius.1 commentsAutoman
Macedon_Gonatas_AE_18.JPG
Macedon, Antiogonos Gonatas, Athena72 viewsObv: Head of Athena facing right wearing a crested Corinthian helmet (countermark stamped into the side).

Rev: B - A, Pan advancing right, erecting a trophy, a Macedonian helmet left; ANTI in monogram between Pan's legs.

AE 18, Macedonian mint, 277 - 239 BC

6.1 grams, 18 mm

GCV 6786
1 commentsSPQR Coins
14424LG.jpg
Macedonia, Interregnum36 viewsBronze coin
Macedonia, Interregnum
after 311 BC
Head of Herakles r.
BASILEWS
Bow in case and club; countermark.
5.05 gram
20.2 mm
AMNG 173, 1.

Ex Gerhard Rohde
Philoromaos
Macrinus counter.jpg
Macrinus & Diadumenian Cilicia Aegeae202 views Ob. MAKPINOVP M EU P AIGEW [N] Wreathed head of Dionysos right; thrysos over shoulder, grapes before
Rev. Confronted busts of Macrinus, on left, and Diadumenian, on right; Macrinus radiate, draped and cuirassed, Diadumenian draped and cuirassed
Countermarks: 2, Bust right and Tyche

Ref. SNG Levante -; SNG France 2347
C/m Howgego -.
Size AE26
Weight: 11.86g
(Bacchus collection)

The oval countermark (between M & D) is Howgego 100, described as bust right. It probably depicts Elagabalus since his coins of Aegeae are plentiful (although never found countermarked). Howgego lists 11 specimens of this countermark, 1 of which on a Macrinus/Diadumenian coin. The countermark in the rectangular punch (behind D) is probably Howgego 200, of which only 3 specimens are noted. It is described as Tyche, turreted right. Two of these three listed by Howgego are of Diadumenian. Howgego lists only one coin that combins H100 and H200.

Special thanks to Automan for assistiance
1 commentsBacchus
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Macrinus Assarion, Perge, Pamphylia.33 viewsAV KAI M OΠEΛ CEV MAKPEINOC CEB, laureate and draped bust right

ΠEPΓ - AIΩN, winged Nike advancing left, holding wreath in extended right, palm fron in left hand

SNG PFPS 347 (same dies, additional CM on reverse), SNG von Aulock 4683 (same dies)
obv. on neck countermark: Eagle with spread wings (Howgego 168, no. 334)

The ruins of the city of Perge reside just under an hours drive from the seaside resort of Antalya on the south coast of Turkey. Strabo claims the city was founded by Greek colonists under the leadership of Mopsos and Calchas.

After the comings and going of the Persians, Alexanders Empire and the Seleucids, Perge passed over to Rome in 133BC.In 46 A.D., Perge became the setting of an event important to the Christian world. The New Testament book, the Acts of the Apostles, writes that St. Paul journeyed from Cyprus to Perge, from there continued on to Antiocheia in Pisidia. During the Constantinian era, the city became a centre of Christian worship, but waned in power after the Arab raids of the 7th centuries.
GaiusCaligula
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Macrinus, Perge, Nike advancing left, AE2556 viewsAE25, 9.8g
obv: AV KAI M OΠEΛ CEV MAKPEINOC CEB, laureate and draped bust right
rev: ΠEPΓ - AIΩN, winged Nike advancing left, holding wreath in extended right, palm fron in left hand
SNG PFPS 347 (same dies, additional CM on reverse), SNG von Aulock 4683 (same dies)
obv. on neck countermark: Eagle with spread wings (Howgego 168, no. 334)
areich
056n.jpg
Male bust and B169 viewsARABIA PETRAEA (?). Petra (?). Hadrian (?). 26. A.D. 117-138 (?). 2 countermarks. Worn smooth. Weight: 6.96 g. CM(1): Male bust right, in circular punch, 6 mm. Howgego 125 (4 pcs). CM(2): B in circular punch, 5.5 mm. Howgego 770 (4 pcs). Note: The two countermarks were probably applied at the same time, but were likely earlier than other denomination countermarks of Petra. Collection Automan.Automan
034n.jpg
Male head124 viewsCILICIA. Anazarbus-Caesarea. Nero. 19. A.D. 67/68 (year 86 in the era of Anazarbus). Obv: NEPΩN-KAICAP.Laureate bust right; countermark on bust, beneath chin. Rev: KAICAPE-ΩN-ETOYCSΠ. Veiled female figure seated left, extending right arm, holding uncertain object, amphora at her feet. Ref: BMC 6v (radiate); RPC 4063; SNG von Aulock 5471; SNG Levante 1368; Lindgren 1424; Sear GIC 611. Axis: 330. Weight:3.52 g. CM: Male head right, in circular punch, 4 mm. Howgego 102 (13 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
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Male head right127 viewsCILICIA. Irenopolis. Severus Alexander. 31 (5 Assaria?). A.D. 222-235 (can probably be dated more precisely). Obv: AVTKMAVPCEO(YHPOCAΛEΞANΔPOC or similar). Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; Countermark before face. Rev: EIPHNO(...).Tyche, to right, seated left on rock; to left figure standing raising wreath (?) towards Tyche; beneath river-god swimming. Ref: BMC -. Axis: 360. Weight: 19.32 g. Note: Ten pieces of this size depicting Severus Alexander noted by Ziegler (1993). CM: Laureate male head right, in oval punch, 4.5 x 6 mm. Howgego 105 (26 pcs). Of the 26 pieced noted by Howgego, 16 are of Severus Alexander. Collection Automan.Automan
163.jpg
Male head right (laureate)102 viewsCILICIA. Irenopolis. Caracalla. 21 (1 1/2 Assaria). A.D. 216/217 (year 165). Obv: AVTOKPATΩ-ANTΩNEINOC. Laureate bust right, countermark before face. Rev: EIPH-NO(ΠO)ΛI(TW)N▪EΞP. Bearded head of Herakles right, club before. Ref: BMC 10 var.; Sear 2628 var. Axis: 180. Weight: 6.78 g. Note: Nineteen pieces of this size depicting Caracalla noted by Ziegler (1993). CM: Laureate male head right, in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego 105 (26 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
89794q00.jpg
Marc Antony LEGIO ? - IMPVES Countermark22 viewsSilver Denarius
Roman Imperatorial

Marc Antony LEGIO ? IMPVES Countermark

? Patrae Mint. Fall 32-Spring 31 BC. Countermarked 74-79 AD at Ephesus.
Coin fair to poor. Countermark aVF.
18.7 mm / 2.873 g

Obverse: Galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow. "ANT*AVG / III VIR*R*P*C"
Reverse: "LEG ?", aquila between two legionary standards. Countermark "IMPVES" (IMP ligate, VE ligate)

Ex: Forum Ancient Coins (2019)
Ex: L.O.H.

cf Crawford 544/14, BMCRR II East 190. RSC I 27 ff. Countermark Howgego 839 (Vespasian).

MyID: 059A.

Image Credit: Forvm Ancient Coins
1 commentsTenthGen
Caracalla_AE_25~0.JPG
Marcus Aurelius Antoninus "Caracalla," 198 - 217 AD 52 viewsObv: M ANTΩNINOC KAICAP, bare headed, draped bust of Caracalla facing right.

Countermarks: Nike standing right holding wreath; laureate head of Caracalla (?) facing right.

Rev: NIKAIEΩN, hexastyle temple with shield in pediment.

26, Nicaea, Bithynia, c. 196 - 198 AD

9.3 grams, 25.5 mm, 0

Rec Gen 405 var (reverse legend arrangement)

Many thanks to Forvm member Tom for his help in identifying this coin.
SPQR Coins
AntonineCM~0.JPG
Marcus Aurelius, AE 26 Tetrassaria29 viewsObverse legend [IMP M AVR ANTONINVS]?
Bust laureate, right, countermarked M.ST, Howgego 704
Reverse legend [MVN STOB]?
AMNG Gaebler 7, SNG Cop 330
whitetd49
ANTVESPcounter.jpg
Mark Antony Legionary denarius LEG X IMPVESP139 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
Galley r. mast with banners at prow
IMPVESP counter mark above galley

LEG X?
Legionary eagle between two standards IMPVESP countermark


Patrae mint 32-31BC

3.01g

Ex-Incitatus

Obverse countermarked IMPVESP during Vespasian's reign showing this denarius was in circulation for well over 100 years! In hand I can make out X for the legion number but can't be sure if any other numerals appear after it. This countermark appears mostly on late Republican and Imperatorial denarii, although denarii of Augustus and denarii of the Flavians struck at Ephesus are also recorded. The MP VES countermarks circulated specifically within the province of Asia Minor. Martini noted that the output of silver coinage in relation to the civic bronze for this region was much smaller during the Julio-Claudian period. This suggests the denarii were countermarked to validate locally circulating silver coinage at an acceptable weight while the regional mints opened by Vespasian were gearing up production, a theory which the countermarking of cistophori with the contemporary MP VES AVG countermarks seems to support. The similarly countermarked Flavian denarii struck at Ephesus can be accounted for then as examples accidentally countermarked by unobservant mint workers during the transition.



LEG X (later called Gemina) was levied in 59 BC or earlier by Julius Caesar. It was the first legion levied by him personally and was raised in Spain. It played a major role in the Gallic war featuring prominently in Caesar's "Gallic Wars." Legio X was his most trusted and loyal Legion. In 45 BC the Legion was disbanded and given land grants in Southern Gaul.

During the civil war that followed Caesar's assassination, Legio X was reconstituted by Lepidus in the winter of 44/43 BC making use of many retired legionaries who re-enlisted. It was eventually turned over to Antony and fought for him until the final Battle of Philippi. The veterans obtained lands near Cremona, and an inscription reports that the name of the legion at the time was Veneria, "devoted to Venus." This alluded to Julius Caesar's claimed descent from Venus.

The newly levied Tenth was then taken by Antony to Armenia for his Parthian campaign. During Antony's civil war, the legion fought for him until his defeat at the Battle of Actium, after which the legion changed sides and moved into Octavian's army. They were then taken to Egypt to finish off Antony and Cleopatra. Octavian never fully trusted the 10th Legion as it had been fiercely loyal to both Julius Caesar and Mark Antony. After Antony's death Octavian left the legion in the East in Syria. In 29 BC the legion was due to be discharged. When the legionaries pressed for their release and land grants Octavian was slow in complying. Suetonius says that the entire legion rioted and Octavian dishonorably discharged the entire legion.

Octavian now recruited new legionaries to fill the 10th Legion in its traditional recruiting grounds of Spain. Some of the senior Centurions may have re-enlisted for a third term to serve with the 10th. These men would have been in their late 40's or early 50's. The new legionaries marched over land to Syria to take up their posting. The new 10th Legion's home base was on the Euphrates to keep an eye on the Parthians.

The next discharge date would be 14-13 BC. This time the 10th Legion was settled in Beirut and the city was given Colony status. Ten years later the 10th Legion under Publius Quintilius Varus was marched down to Jerusalem to garrison the city after Herod the Great died. The 10th Legion would remain in Jerusalem until 6 AD.
5 commentsJay GT4
037n.jpg
MAT (monogram of?)140 viewsTHRACE. Topirus. Antoninus Pius. 23. A.D. 138-161. Obv: AVTKAITAIΛA)ΔPIANO(CANTΩNEINOC). Bare head right; countermark on neck. Rev: EΠIΦABAΓ(PIΠΠEINOVTOΠ)EIPEITΩN. Naked Herakles seated left on rock, right hand extended, holding club. Ref: BMC 2-3. Axis: 180. Weight: 4.74 g. Magistrate: Faustinius Agrippa. CM: Monogram of MAT (?) in circular punch, 6 mm. Howgego 621 (25 pcs). Note: The monogram may read Marcus Antoninus or Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, and may have been applied at the time of Caracalla, since some his coins of Topirus have a countermark-like feature engraved on the die. Collection Automan.Automan
098n.jpg
MAT (monogram of?)162 viewsTHRACE. Topirus. Antoninus Pius. 26. A.D. 138-161. Obv: (AVTKAIT)AIΛAΔPIANO-(CANTΩNEINOC). Bare head right; countermark on neck. Rev: EΠI(ΦABAΓPIΠΠEINOVTOΠEIPEI)TΩN. Naked Herakles seated left on rock, right hand extended, holding club. Ref: BMC 2-3. Axis: 180. Weight: 8.24 g. Magistrate: Faustinius Agrippa. CM: Monogram of MAT (?) in circular punch, 6 mm. Howgego 621 (25 pcs). Note: The monogram may read Marcus Antoninus or Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, and may have been applied at the time of Caracalla, since some his coins of Topirus have a countermark-like feature engraved on the die. Collection Automan.Automan
MaurTiber.jpg
Maurice Tiberius - B countermark216 viewsMaurice Tiberius, 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.
7783. Bronze follis, S 512, DO 105, F, 1st officina, Nicomedia mint, 10.74g, 32.7mm, 180o, 596-597 A.D.; obverse DN mAV-RIC TIbER PP A (or similar, blundered), helmeted and cuirassed bust facing holding globus cruciger in right and shield in left; reverse large M between A/N/N/O and and V/III (regnal year 8), cross above, A below (1st officina), NIKO in ex; countermark "B" in obverse center; sold.
whitetd49
MaximinusThrax_Ninica-Claudiopolis_ColonistWithOxen_AE28_10.7g.jpg
Maximinus I Thrax, Ninica-Claudiopolis, colonist with oxen, AE2844 viewsBronze AE 28, BMC 8 var, VF, 10.706g, 27.6mm, 180o, Ninica-Claudiopolis mint, obverse [...] MAXIMINVS [...], laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse COL NINI CLAUD, colonist ploughing behind two oxen, in background vexillum, star before colonist

Obverse countermarked with:
1. D containing dot, all within circle, circular punch, 6 mm, Howgego 669 (49 pcs).
2. Six-pointed star, incuse, 6 mm from point to point, Howgego 451 (45 pcs).
3 & 4. Nike right in oval punch, c. 5 x 8 mm, Howgego 262 (34 pcs).

The sequence of application appears to have been 669-451-262.

ex Automan, ex FORVM
areich
AA-Augustus Countermark~0.jpg
MC countermark on Augustus Sestertius255 viewsAugustus Sestertius w/ Countermark

MC countermark that often appears on the altar of Lugdunum series

Size: 19.5 mm
Noah
1396c.jpg
misc00113 viewsElagabalus
Countermarks

Obv: No detail of original coin. Countermark of CMYP around laureate head of Elagabalus or Severus Alexander in circular incuse and another of B in circular incuse.
Rev: No original detail remaining.
28 mm, 6.37 gms

Howgego 36 and 761
Charles M
959.jpg
misc00313 viewsElagabalus
Countermark sometimes found on coins of Elagabalus.

Obv: Bust of emperor (not Elagabalus) right. Countermark of CAP B in rectangular incuse with rounded ends.
Rev: Little original detail remaining.
22 mm, 5.68 gms

Howgego 559
Charles M
nikopolis_HJ8___1_countermark~0.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, HrJ 8...1 (countermark) 17 viewsAE 26, 7.87g, 26.3mm
obv. original not identifiable
c/m incus delta-shaped, Howgego 782
rev. original not identifiable
c/m NIKO incus, Howgego 553
ref. Hristova/Jekov No. 8...1 (only for c/m)
very rare
From Forum Ancient Coins, thanks!

All coins with c/m Delta have c/m NIKO too, a strong evidence that these two were applicated at the same time.
Jochen
nikopolis_plautilla_countermark_3.JPG
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, Plautilla (countermark)11 viewsMoesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, Plautilla, AD 202-205
AE 26, 7.20g, 26.16mm, 0
obv. [...] PLA[...] - [...]
Bust, draped, r.; hair bound in bun
rev. [.....]
Nike advancing l. with palmbranch and wreath
2 countermarks: NIKO (Howgego 553) and Delta (Howgego 782)
ref. Hristova/Jekov (2011) No. 8...2
rare, VF (for countermark)

Delta and NIKO as usual. But a new host coin: Because of the hairdo the bust looks like Plautilla.
Jochen
nikopolis_sept_severus_HrJ(2011)8____1cf_Gegenstempel.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, Septimius Severus, HrJ (2011) 8....1 var. (countermark)16 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 26, 5.94g, 25.98mm, 180
obv. [.....] CEP - C[.....]
laureate head r.
beneath chin c/m delta-shaped incus (Howgego 782)
rev. [.....]
Male(?) figure stg. frontal, l. hand raised
in l. field c/m NIKO (Howgego 553)
ref. cf. HrJ (2011) No. 8....1
F

The countermarks are the same as on HrJ 8....1 But the underlying type is different. Whereas HrJ 8....1 shows a river-god on the rev., here it is a standing male(?) figure, possibly the emperor.
Jochen
nikopolis_countermark_sept_severus_HrJ(2011)8____1var_#2~0.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, X countermark, 14. Septimius Severus, HrHJ (2018) 8(?)...2 (plate coin)35 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 26, 5.9g
obv. [.....] CEP - C[.....]
laureate head r.
beneath chin c/m delta-shaped incus (Howgego 782)
rev. [.....]
Male(?) figure stg. frontal, l. hand raised
in l. field c/m NIKO (Howgego 553)
ref. Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8(?)....2 (plate coin)
rare (R5)

The N of NIKO is a bit different. Here it looks serpent-shaped with rounded angles.

The underlying type is Septimius Severus. The rev. shows a standing male(?) figure, possibly the emperor.
Jochen
nikopolis_HrHJ(2015)8_14_21_1_Countermark.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, X countermark, 14. Septimius Severus, HrHJ (2018) 8(?)...4 (plate coin)28 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 27, 10.31g, 27.34mm, 180
struck under governor Pollenius Auspex
obv. [AV KAI LOV] CEPT. - [CEVHROC PER]
laureate head r.
beneath chin c/m delta-shaped incus (value, Howgego 782)
rev. [VPA POL AVCPIKO]C NIKOPOLIT / [PROC ICTR]
Asklepiad Triad (Asklepios, Hygieia, between them Telesphoros) stg. frontal
on the r. side from bottom to top c/m incus NIK (ethnic, not in Howgego, cf. #553
= NIKO)
ref. (only for underlying coin!):
a) AMNG I/1, 1256
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2788
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.14.21.1
No. 8(?)...4 (for countermarked coin, plate coin)
very rare

One of the few coins where the underlying coin could be determined!
1 commentsJochen
nikopolis_sept_severus_HrHJ(2018)8___5-6var.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, X countermark, 14. Septimius Severus, HrHJ (2018) 8(?)...5/6 7 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 28, 13.12g, 28.19mm, 30
struck under governor Pollenius Auspex
obv. [AV KAI] CEP. - CEV[HROC PER]
laureate head r.
rev. [VPA] PO[L A]VCPIK[OC NIKOPOLI PROC ICTR.]
Eagle with closed wings on thunderbolt stg. l., head r.
above c/m incus NIKO (ethnic, Howgego #553)
below c/m delta-shaped incus (value, Howgego 782)
ref. (only for underlying coin!):
a) AMNG I/1, 1262 (1 ex., Wien)
b) not in Varbanov
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.14.1.25
No.8(?)...5/6 (for countermarked coin)
very rare, F+

One of the few coins where the underlying coin could be determined!


Jochen
nikopolis_countermark_#3.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, X countermark, 21. Plautilla, HrHJ (2018) 8(?)...5 (plate coin)34 viewsAE 26, 7.20g, 26.16mm, 0
obv. [...] PLA[...] - [...]
Bust, draped, r.; hair bound in bun
rev. [.....]
Nike advancing l. with palmbranch and wreath (Thanks to Pekka)
2 countermarks: NIKO (Howgego 553) and Delta (Howgego 782)
ref. Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8(?)...5 (plate coin)
Rare (R5)

Delta and NIKO as usual. But a new host coin: Because of the hairdo the bust looks like Plautilla.
Jochen
nikopolis_HJ8___1_countermark.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, X countermark, HrHJ (2018) 8(?)...1 cf.50 viewsHost coin not identifiable
AE 26, 7.87g, 26.3mm
obv. not identifiable
c/m incus delta-shaped, Howgego 782
rev. not identifiable
c/m NIKO incus, Howgego 553
ref. Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8(?)...1 cf.
From Forum Ancient Coins, thanks!

All coins with c/m Delta have c/m NIKO too, a strong evidence that these two were applicated at the same time.
Jochen
tomisMoesiaTrajan.jpg
Moesia Inferior, Tomis. Pseudo-autonomous 18. Trajan countermark35 viewsCirca 1st-early 2nd centuries AD. 18mm (3.19 g, 11h). Laureate head of Zeus right / Eagle standing left, head right, with open wings.
Countermark TPA for Trajan, used at Tomis in Moesia Inferior (Howgego 569)
AMNG I 2507.
ancientone
countermarked_coin.jpg
Multiple Countermarks9 viewsUnknown - appears double struck with at least four possibly more countermarks. Three busts and an anchor. ddwau
Trajan_Mysia_Parium.jpg
Mysia Parium6 viewsAE 18
Obv.: TRAIANVS AVG
Laureate head of Trajan right; countermark
Rev.: PLOTINA ET MARCIANA AVG
Confronted busts of Marciana and Plotina, both diademed and draped.

18mm, 4.08g
Weber 5151; SNG France 1468
klausklage
perg_owl_cm_res.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON24 viewsRegal Issue (Pergamene Kingdom)
288 - 133 BC
AE 15.5 mm; 3.34 g
O: Helmeted head of Athena right
R: Coiled snake, M monogram to left, FILETAIR[OY] to right.
large owl countermark upside down at center of reverse.
BMC p. 121, 76-77; Sear 7228 var.
laney
pergamon_6.jpg
MYSIA, Pergamon88 viewsAE21, 6.5g, 1h; c. 133-16 BC.
Obv.: Laureate head of Asklepios right;
Rev.: ΑΣΚΛΗΠΙΟΥ / ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ, Asklepian snake coiled around omphalos, head right; countermark: overfed owl standing, facing.
Reference: SNG BnF 1815 (with owl countermark); BMC Mysia p. 129, 161 (same).
John Anthony
perg_ask_cm_owl_k.jpg
MYSIA, Pergamon4 viewsAE21, 6.5g, 1h; c. 133-16 BC.
Obv.: Laureate head of Asklepios right;
Rev.: ΑΣΚΛΗΠΙΟΥ / ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ, Asklepian snake coiled around omphalos, head right; countermark: overfed owl standing, facing.
Reference: SNG BnF 1815 (with owl countermark); BMC Mysia p. 129, 161 (same).
John Anthony
athena_troph_perg_cm.jpg
MYSIA, PERGAMON14 viewsAE 20 MM mm; 8.47 g
2nd CENTURY BC
OBV: HELMETED HEAD OF ATHENA R; COUNTERMARK CENTER
REV: AΘHNAΣ NIKHΦOPOY TROPHY OF ARMS
SNG COP 393 ff
laney
Mysia,_Pergamon__AE-17_ca_200-0_BC_SNG_Cop_360_Q-001_0h_17mm_5,06g-s.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon, (200-0 B.C.), AE-17, SNG Cop-360, ΠERΓAMH, Nike walking right,382 viewsMysia, Pergamon, (200-0 B.C.), AE-17, SNG Cop-360, ΠERΓAMH, Nike walking right,
avers: Helmeted head of Athena right, with Owl countermark.
revers: ΠERΓAMH, Nike walking right, holding wreath and palm branch.
exerg:-/-//--, diameter: 17mm, weight: 5,06g, axes: 0h,
mint: Mysia, Pergamon,
date: 200-0 B.C., ref: SNG Cop-360, Weber 5182-5183, BMC 135-138, Sear Greek 3974,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
AntoniaDup.jpg
NCAPR147 viewsAntonia, daughter of Marc Antony, mother of Claudius, grandmother of Caligula
6174. Orichalcum dupondius, RIC 104, S 1902, BM 166, G, Rome mint, 13.83g, 31.1mm, 180o, 41-42 A.D.; obverse ANTONIA AVGVSTA, bare- headed bust right, countermark; reverse TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP S C, Claudius veiled and togate, standing left, holding simpulum; sold.
whitetd49
3c.jpg
neapolis094-36 viewsElagabalus
Neapolis, Samaria

Obv: AVT [K M AVP] ANTWNINO. Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right. Countermark: A in incuse square.
Rev: ΦΛ NEAC [ΠO CVP]ΠAΛ. View of Mt. Gerizim; below in front, a colonnade with two arched entrances; the left one leads to a stairway on left, flanked by a series of shrines or altars on the slope; the stairway leads to a temple seen in three-quarter view; another flanked by trees leads from the colonnade to an altar on top of the hill to the right. In exergue, Π.
23 mm, 12.54 gms

Sofaer 94. For countermark, Howgego 666
Charles M
1172_Nero_Acmoneia2.jpg
Nero - Acmoneia6 viewsL. Servinius Capito, magistrate, and his wife, Iulia Severa
c. 65 AD
laureate bust right wearing aegis, crescent above, winged caduceus below; countermark: Asklepios standing right, holding serpent-encircled staff
NEPWNA CEBACTON AKMONEIC
Zeus seated left, holding phiale and long scepter; owl below
CEPOYHNIOY KAΠITΩNOC KAI IOYΛIAC CEOYHPAC
EPI AΠX TO Γ
BMC Phrygia 43, SNG Cop 29, RPC I 3176; c/m: Howgego 241 (12 pcs)
4,4g
Johny SYSEL
P1-VOC-3.JPG
Nero 54-68 A.D. CAESAREA MARITIMA 230 viewsCAESAREA MARITIMA
Nero 54-68 A.D.
Obv: (NEPΩNKAIΣAPΣEBAΣTOΣ). Laureate head right, star in front
Rev: (KAIΣAPIAHΠPOΣΣEBAΣTΩΛIMENI) LIΔ in field. Tyche standing left, holding human bust and standard; countermark (2) on figure in square VOC
coll Maritima
Maritima
IMG_3832.JPG
Nero 54-68 A.D. CAESAREA MARITIMA38 viewsCAESAREA MARITIMA
Nero 54-68 A.D.
Obv: (NEPΩNKAIΣAPΣEBAΣTOΣ). Laureate head right, star in front
Rev: (KAIΣAPIAHΠPOΣΣEBAΣTΩΛIMENI) LIΔ in field. Tyche standing left, holding human bust and standard; Countermarks (2) in square VOC Retrograd
Maritima
NeroStatiliaMessalinaGalbaI.jpg
Nero and Statilia Messalina Galba countermark94 viewsNero & Statilia Messalina, 27 as, Galba ctmk., 10.54g Nicaea, Bythinia,
O: NERWN K[LAU]DIOS KAISAR SEBASTOS GE, laureate head left, rectangular countermark GALB[A].
R: ME[SSALEIN]A [GYNE SEBASTOY] Statilia Messalina as Securitas seated right.
Unique mule - Obverse die RPC 2057, Reverse die RPC 2061; Listed in Wildwinds as RPC 2061cf, countermark Howgego 591

Statilia Messalina was the third and last wife of Nero, empress from 66-68. Her great beauty and intelligence kept her alive during some of the most turbulent years of the early empire.

After several failed attempts to strangle his first wife, Claudia Octavia, to death, Nero divorced her for barrenness and she was forced into suicide. Nero kicked his second wife, Poppaea Sabina who was pregnant at the time, to death. Going into a deep depression (Women, can't live with them, can't live without them!) he found comfort in his new bride, Statilia Messalina. All it took was the forced suicide of her husband and Nero was able to have her all to himself.

She must have been a most clever woman as she survived the revolution and civil war that followed, even being betrothed to Otho before he too met an untimely end. Suetonius reports that of the two letters Otho wrote the night before he committed suicide, one of them was to Statilia.
1 commentsNemonater
NeroD.jpg
Nero Damnatio59 viewsMACEDON, Thessalonica. Nero. AD 54-68. 21mm 8.4 g.

O: Bare head left; ΘEC in rectangular punch across - Howgego 537; face erased by second stamp; third countermark on neck?

R: Legend in three lines, eagle standing left above; all within oak wreath. - RPC 1603

Howgego notes that the countermark (Howgego 537) was probably applied in A.D. 68/69, validating the coin as still being legal tender. He also notes that the application of the countermark was not directly connected with the erasure of the face of Nero, since this was done to only one of the seven specimens he identified.

For a second example see http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-14314
1 commentsNemonater
Nero_RIC_I_454_SPQR_CM.jpg
Nero RIC I 454 SPQR Countermark36 viewsNero. AD 54-68. AE As. Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. c. AD 65. (10.47g, 28.9m, 6h). Obv: NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG [GER P M TR P] IMP P P Bare head right, globe at point of bust, SPQR Countermark on neck. Rev: PONTIF MAX [TR POT IMP P P], S C, Nero, as Apollo Apollo Citharoedus walking right, carrying lyre. RIC I 454.

Another coin obtained, not for the coin itself, but rather for the countermark. The SPQR countermark used primarily on coins of Nero minted in Lugdunum, these are thought to relate to the uprising of Vindex. Because of its connection with the uprising resulting in the end of Nero, I though it might have a place in my collection.
Lucas H
Nero-Thessalonica.JPG
Nero-Thessalonica23 viewsMACEDON, Thessalonica
Nero. 27. A.D. 54-68.
Obverse: KAICAP-NEPWN. Bare head left; countermark on head.
Reverse: ΘECCA-ΛONIKH. Nike standing left on globe, holding wreath in extended right hand, palm branches in left hand.
BMC -; RPC 1593 (2 pcs).
27mm, 22.04 g.
CM: ΘEC in rectangular punch, 7 x 3 mm. Howgego 537 (7 pcs). Howgego notes that the countermark was probably applied in A.D. 68/69, sanctioning coins of Nero
Jerome Holderman
242.jpg
NI in circular punch127 viewsMYSIA. Miletopolis. Septimius Severus. 35. A.D. 193-211. Obv: AVKAIΛCEΠTICEOV-HPO(C?)ΠEP(...) or sim. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; Countermark before bust. Rev: EΠI(CTPAEVTVXOVCAΛEΞAN)ΛΘV (or sim.), MEIΛHTOΠO/ΛITΩN in two lines in ex. Hermes, wearing petasos, seated left on rock, holding caduceus in right hand; left hand rests on rock. Ref: BMC - (14 same rev. for Commodus). Axis: 180. Weight; 23.84 g.CM: NI in curcular punch, 10 mm. Howgego -. Collection Automan.Automan
bpCM1CounterMark.jpg
Nice Coin with 4 Countermarks from Moesia204 viewsAs, 8 gm, 24.8 mm.
Obv: Three countermarks - AVG, TICA or TICAE (with AE ligate), and a Helmet (?).
Rev: One countermark - Dolphin (?).
Comments: Appear to be the same countermarks shown in the Pangerl Collection #90 (found under TICAE in the 'Museum of Countermarks' on the RNG Web page). Also a good match to Ecoli's exhibit shown next on this board. Possibilities include Tiberius, Caligula or Claudius as reigning Emperor.
From the collection of Massanutten.
2 commentsMassanutten
027n.jpg
Nike147 viewsBITHYNIA. Nicaea. Caracalla. 25. Circa A.D. 198-209. Obv: MAV(?)ANT(). Bare-headed and draped bust right; countermark behind bust. Rev: NI-(KA)-IEΩN .Hexastyle temple. Ref: BMC 79. Axis: 30. Weight: 9.62 g. CM: Nike standing right, in oval punch, 6 x 7.5 mm. Howgego 254 (94 pcs). Note: The Nike probably referred to the city and not a specific victory. Collection Automan.Automan
025n.jpg
Nike158 viewsBITHYNIA. Nicaea. Marcus Aurelius. 24 .A.D. 161-180. Obv: (AVTKMAVP?)-ANTΩNEIN(?). Bare-headed and draped bust right; countermark on shoulder. Rev: NIKA-I)EΩN. Athena standing left, holding spear, resting against shield.Ref: BMC -. Axis: 195. Weight:6.31 g. CM:Nike standing right, in oval punch, 6 x 8 mm. Howgego 254 (94 pcs). Note: The Nike probably referred to the city and not a specific victory. Collection Automan.Automan
060n.jpg
Nike131 viewsBITHYNIA. Nicaea. Septimius Severus. 24. A.D. 193-211. Obv: AVT.K.Λ.CEΠ-C.CVHPOC.ΠE. Laureate head right; countermark on back of head. Rev: N-IKA-I-EWN. Homonoia standing left, wearing modius and holding patera and cornucopia, lit altar at her feet to left. Ref: BMC -. Axis: 360. Weight: 11.42 g. CM: Nike standing right, in oval punch, 6 x 8 mm. Howgego 254 (94 pcs). Note: The Nike probably referred to the city and not a specific victory. Collection Automan.Automan
243.jpg
Nike134 viewsBITHYNIA. Nicaea. Caracalla. 27. A.D. 198-217. Obv: AYT▪K▪M▪AVPH▪ANTΩNINOC▪AYГ. Laureate head right; countermark on shoulder. Ref: ΦIΛAΔEΛ-ΦEIA-NIKAIEΩN. Caracalla (left) and Septimius Severus (right) clasping hands over low stool. Ref: BMC -. Axis: 195. Weight: 12.68 g. CM: Nike advancing right, in circular punch, 8 mm. Howgego 254 (94 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
167.jpg
Nike (x 3) and 6-pointed star128 viewsCILICIA. Ninica-Claudiopolis. Severus Alexander. 35. A.D. 222-235. Obv: IMPCMAVRSEVERALE(XANΔER). Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; 4 countermarks, (1-3) on bust, (4) before bust. Rev: IVLMAMAEAAVGNINICACLAV. Draped bust of Mamaea right. Ref: BMC 6; Sear GIC 3389; SNG France 2:788 (same dies); Ex Knker (Auction 83, No 1128, 20030617, Euro 140). Axis: 210. Weight: 21.33 g. CM(1-3): Nike right, in oval punch, c. 5 x 8 mm. Howgego 262 (34 pcs). CM(4): Six-pointed star, incuse, 6 mm from point to point. Howgego 451 (45 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
203.jpg
Nike (x2), Asklepios, Elagabalus, and Goat (x2)166 viewsCILICIA. Aegae. Caracalla (?). 32. A.D. 198-217. Inscription illegible. Laureate head right; 4 countermarks: (1) on shoulder, (2) on head, (3) before face, (4) before neck.Inscription obliterated. Rev: Worn smooth; 2 countermarks. Weight:16.38 g. Note: The coin can be identified as being from Aegeae since this coin's countermarks were applied only to coins of that city. CM(1&5): Nike left, in circular punch, 6 mm. Howgego 258 (9 pcs). Note: The countermark was applied to both sides of all coins. CM(2): Bust of Asklepois right (?), in rectangular punch, 4 x 6 mm. Howgego 5 ? (1 pc). CM(3): Laureate bust right (Elagabalus), in oval punch, 4 x 7 mm. Howgego (11 pcs). Note: Likely applied during the reign of Elagabalus, since his coins were not countermarked. CM(4&6): Goat standing right (?), in roughly circular punch, 5 mm.Howgego 313 ? (7 pcs). Collection Automan.1 commentsAutoman
073n.jpg
Nike and Δ (?)141 viewsBITHYNIA. Nicaea. Severus Alexander. 19. A.D. 222-235. Obv: MAYPCE)VAΛEΞANΔPO(CAV) or similar. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; countermark (1) on bust. Rev: NI-K-AI-E between three standards, (ΩN) in ex. Countermark (2) on lower half. Ref: BMC 101 (?). Axis: 30. Weight: 3.12 g. CM(1): Δ (?) in circular punch, 6 mm. Possibly Howgego 788 (62 pcs). Note: None of the coins recorded by Howgego weighs as little as 3.12 g., which makes it likely that countermark (1) is not actually Howgego 788. CM(2): Nike standing right, in oval punch, 7 x 8 mm. Howgego 255 (39 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
022n.jpg
Nike and Prize Crown167 viewsCILICIA. Hieropolis-Castabala. Caracalla. 31. Circa A.D. 198-209. Obv: (A)VT(KM?)-AVANTWNEINOC. Emperor seated left on chair while being crowned by Nike; right arm extended, holding object; 2 countermarks, (1) before and (2) behind emperor. Rev: IEPOΠOΛITONKACTABAΛ(EWN). Ivy-wreathed and draped bust of Dionysus right, before which bunch of grapes hanging from stalk. Ref: SNG von Aulock 5577; BMC - . Axis: 195. Weight: 12.71 g. Note: This coin is remarkable in that the obverse shows a seated figure while the reverse features a bust, this unusual feature being clear to those who applied the countermarks. CM(1): Nike advancing left, holding wreath, in oval punch, 6 x 8 mm. Howgego 260 (23 pcs).The CM may refer to Macrinus' "Victoria Parthica", there also being coins issued by Macrinus with his reverse type. CM(2): Prize crown between torches, in circular punch, 6 mm. Howgego 427 (10 pcs). Note: May have been applied at time of Macrinus.Automan
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Nike and Prize Crown169 viewsCILICIA. Hieropolis-Castabala. Caracalla. 31. Circa A.D. 200. Obv: AVTKAIMAPAVPH-ANTWNEINOC.Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; 2 countermarks, (1) before and (2) below bust. Rev: IEPOΠOΛITONKACTABAΛEWN. Septimius Severus standing to right, clasping hands with Caracalla (?) to left. Ref: BMC -. Axis: 165. Weight: 14.98 g. Note: Ziegler (1993:211) notes 37 coins struck for Caracalla. CM(1): Nike advancing left, holding wreath, in oval punch, 6 x 7.5 mm Howgego 260 (23 pcs). Note: The CM may refer to Macrinus' "Victoria Parthica", there also being coins issued by Macrinus with his reverse type. CM(2): Prize crown between I and E, in circular punch, 6 mm. Howgego 427v (letters in stead of torches). Note: May have been applied at time of Macrinus, when smaller coins with prize-crown reverses were issued. Collection Automan.Automan
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Nike and Prize Crown229 viewsCILICIA. Hieropolis-Castabala. Septimius Severus. 31. A.D. 193-211. Obv: AVTKAIΛOYCEΠCEYHPOC(ΠEPCE) or similar. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; 2 countermarks, (1) before and (2) behind bust. Rev: (IEP)OΠOΛEIT-(ONKACTABAΛEWN) or similar. Winged figure of Nike advancing right, holding out wreath. Ref: BMC -. Axis: 360. Weight: 13.88 g. Note: Ziegler (1993:211) notes 27 coins struck for Septimius Severus (incl. Julia Domna). CM(1): Nike advancing left, holding wreath, in oval punch, 6 x 7.5 mm. Howgego 260 (23 pcs). Note: The CM may refer to Macrinus' "Victoria Parthica", there also being coins issued by Macrinus with his reverse type. CM(2): Prize crown between I and E, in circular punch, 6 mm. Howgego 427v (letters in stead of torches). Note: May have been applied at time of Macrinus, when smaller coins with prize-crown reverses were issued. Collection Automan.1 commentsAutoman
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Nike and Prize crown (x 3)111 viewsCILICIA. Hieropolis-Castabala. Caracalla. 31. Struck circa A.D. 200. Obv: AVTKAIMAPAVPH-ANTWNEINOC. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; 2 countermarks, (1) before and (2) behind bust. Rev: IEPOΠOΛEITW-NKACTABAΛEWN. Tyche standing l., holding rudder and cornucopia; 2 countermarks, (3) before face of Tyche, (4) behind Tyche. Ref: BMC 13; Sear GIC 2627. Weight: 14.50 g. CM(1): Nike advancing left, holding wreath, in oval punch, 6 x 7 mm. Howgego 260 (23 pcs). The c/m may refer to Macrinus' "Victoria Parthica", there also being coins issued by Macrinus with his reverse type. CM(2): Prize crown between I and E or between torches (?), in circular punch, 5 mm. CM(3): Howgego 427 (or 427 var.). May have been applied at time of Macrinus, when smaller coins with prize-crown reverses were issued. CM(4): Prize crown between torches, in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego 427. Note: The 10 pieces noted by Howgego all have the countermark on the obv. Possibly same as CM (3)? Collection Automan.Automan
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Nike left105 viewsCILICIA. Epiphaneia. Septimius Severus. 36. A.D. 193/194 (year 261). Obv: (...ΛCEΠCEV)-HPONΠ(EPCEB). Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; Countermark before chin. Rev: (I)ΔOMNANCE(B-N)EΠI(ΦANEΩN), A in field to left, (ΞC) in field to right. Draped bust of Domna right. Ref: BMC -; SNG France (2) 2399. Axis: 195. Weight: 30.27 g. CM: Nike advancing left (?). Howgego 259 ? (2 pcs). Note: The two pieces noted by Howgego have punches that differ in size, and Howgego notes that they may not represent one group. The identification of the countermark as representing Nike is also uncertain. Indeed, the Nike on this specimen appears to be advancing left rather than right. Collection Automan.Automan
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Nike right113 viewsBITHYNIA. Nicaea. Julia Domna. 31. A.D. 193-217 (struck around A.D. 200?). Obv: (IOVΛIA-CEBACTH)?. Draped bust right; Countermark behind neck. Rev: (CEOVHPEIAΦIΛAΔEΛΦEIA?), NIKAIEΩN beneath. Head of Caracalla to right, facing head of Geta to left. Ref: BMC -; SNG Aul -; SNG Cop -. Axis: 210. Weight: 20.41g. CM: Nike standing right, in oval punch, 7 x 8 mm. Howgego 254 (94 pcs). Note: The Nike probably referred to the city and not a specific victory. Collection Automan.Automan
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Nike right127 viewsBITHYNIA. Nicaea. Septimius Severus. 22. A.D. 193-211. Obv: AYKΛCEΠ(TI?-CEVHPOCΠE) or sim. Laureate head right; Countermark on neck. Rev: NI(-KAI-)EΩN. Hygieia standing right, feeding serpent from patera in her right arm. Ref: BMC - (56 sim., although var. size). Axis: 30. Weight: 4.61 g. CM: Nike standing right, in oval punch, 7 x 8 mm. Howgego 254 (94 pcs). Note: The Nike probably referred to the city and not a specific victory. Collection Automan.Automan
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Nike right96 viewsBITHYNIA. Nicaea (?). Lucius Verus (?). 28. A.D. 161-169. Obv: Bust left; countermark behind. Rev: Tetrastyle temple. Ref: BMC -. Axis: 225. Weight: 12.40 g. Note: Possibly of Nicomedia, although none of the coins with cm 254 are from Nicomedia! CM: Nike standing right, in oval punch, 6 x 8 mm. Howgego 254 (94 pcs). Note: The Nike probably referred to the city and not a specific victory. Collection: Automan.Automan
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Nike right112 viewsBITHYNIA. Nicaea. Caracalla. 24. A.D. 198-217 (struck circa A.D. 200?). Obv: A(VK)MAYP-ANTΩNAVГ. Laureate head right; Countermark behind. Rev: NIKA-IEΩN. Athena standing right, holding spear in raised right hand, resting left hand on shield. Ref: BMC -. Axis: 210. Weight: 9.66 g. CM: Nike standing right, in oval punch, 7 x 8 mm. Howgego 254 (94 pcs). Note: The Nike probably referred to the city and not a specific victory. Collection Automan.Automan
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Nike right130 viewsBITHYNIA. Nicaea. Julia Domna. 31. A.D. 193-217 (struck around A.D. 200?). Obv: (IOVΛIA-CEBACTH)?. Draped bust right; Countermark behind neck. Rev: (CEOVHPEIAΦIΛAΔEΛΦEIA?), NIKAIEΩN beneath. Head of Caracalla to right, facing head of Geta to left. Ref: BMC -; SNG Aul -; SNG Cop -. Axis: 210. Weight: 20.41g. CM: Nike standing right, in oval punch, 7 x 8 mm. Howgego 254 (94 pcs). Note: The Nike probably referred to the city and not a specific victory. Collection Automan.Automan
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NK (monogram of)168 viewsMACEDON. Thessalonica. Julius Caesar & Augustus. 22. Time of Tiberius. Obv: ΘEOΣ. Laureate head of Caesar right; countermark on neck. Rev: ΘEΣΣAΛO-NIKEΩN, Δ (under bust). Bare head of Augustus right. Ref: BMC 58 v. Axis: 360. Wright: 11.24 g. CM: Monogram of NK, in circular punch, 6.5 mm. Howgego 625 (25 pcs). Note: Likely the countermark refers to NEPO KAICAP. Collection Automan.Automan
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NK (monogram of)101 viewsMACEDON. Thessalonica. Julius Caesar & Augustus. 21. Time of Tiberius. Obv: ΘEOΣ. Laureate head of Caesar right; countermark on neck. Rev: ΘEΣΣA-ΛONIKEΩN, Δ (under bust). Bare head of Augustus right. Ref: BMC 58 v. Axis: 360. Weight: 11.90 g. CM: Monogram of NK, in circular punch, 6.5 mm. Howgego 625 (25 pcs). Likely the countermark refers to NEPO KAICAP. Collection Automan.Automan
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Numidia, North Africa, Micipsa, SNG Cop 50419 viewsAfrican mint, Kingdom of Numidia, North Africa, Micipsa, 148 - 118 B.C. AE, 25.9mm 14.949g, SNG Cop 504, SGCV II 6597 var. (pellet below horse)
O: laureate head of king (Micipsa?) left with pointed beard, dot border
R: horse rearing left, linear border, punch or countermark on left foreleg
casata137ec
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NYΣA102 viewsSAMARIA. Nysa-Scythopolis (?). Nero (?). 21. A.D. 66/67 (?). Obv: (NEPWNKΛAYΔIOΣKAIΣAPΣEB...). Laureate head of Nero right; countermark on neck. Rev: (NYΣA, LPГ in field). Tyche standing left. Ref: RPC 4834 (?); Spojkerman 4 (?). Axis: 360 ? Weight: 8.46 g. Note: The identification of the coin is based on the countermark; all identifiable specimens listed by Howgego bearing this countermark are of Nero from Nysa-Scythopolis. CM: NYΣA, in rectangular punch, 11 x 4.5 mm. Howgego 555 (8 pcs). Note: The countermark was applied to valiadate coins of Nero. Collection Automan.Automan
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OΔIΔ (monogram of) and M▪ST179 viewsMACEDON. Stobi (?). Marcus Aurelius (?). .A.D. 161-180 (?). Obv: Laur. bust r.; 2 CMs, (1) before face, (2) below chin. Rev: Outline of stg. deity. Axis: 165. Weight: 8.80 g. Note: The attribution of the coin to Stobi is based on the attribution of one of the countermarks to that city and is by no means certain. CM(1): Monogram of "o" ontop of Δ directly followed by "I" ontop of Δ, in rectangular punch, 8 x 5 mm.Howgego 626 (7 pcs). Note: The CM reads "Odessus 4". Howgego suggests "Dionysopolis 4" as a possible alternate reading. CM(2): M▪ST, in rectangular punch, 9 x 4 mm. Howgego 704 (2 pcs). Note: The two specimens noted by Howgego are from Commodus and Marcus Aurelius and were struck in Stobi. The CM may be read Municipium Stobensium. This combination of CMs is not recorded by Howgego. In fact, none of the coins listed with CM (1) or (2) bear more than one CM. CM (2) was applied before CM (1). Collection Automan.Automan
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Olbia - AE7 viewsc. 200-150 BC
laureate head of Apollo right; countermark - helmeted head (of Athena ?) right
lyre
OΛBIO
B_A/ EI_(PH)
SNG BM Black Sea 637-8
same as: http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-9834
ex Petr Schimandl
Johny SYSEL
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Olbia Artemis AE dihalk163 viewsA very rare example of this issue struck ca. 200-160 B.C.
OBV/ Artemis with "Helmeted Athena" countermark. Rev/ Lyre

Mayadigger
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OSTROGOTHS. Uncertain king7 viewsEarly to mid 6th century.
42 Nummi, 10.29g 26mm
Countermarked early Imperial bronze issue.
XLII (mark of value = 42 Nummi) cut into obverse of a Rome mint As of Vespasian
with Victory holding palm branch and wreath reverse.
From the Arnoldoe Collection / 17-266-150
John Anthony