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coin623.jpg
92 viewsElagabalus 218 - 222 AD 6.0 gram AE20 of Antioch, Syria. IMP C M AVR ANTONINVS AVG, laureate bust right / large DЄ, star beneath, all within laurel wreath. BMC 449, SGI 3098.
Coin #623.
cars100
Marius.JPG
207 viewsGALLIC EMPIRE -- MARIUS
IMP C M AVR MARIVS AVG Draped, cuirassed and radiated bust right
VICTO - Ri - A AV - G Victoria walking right
with full silvering

gb29400
2 commentsgb29400
DenMAntonioLegIII.jpg
181 viewsLegionary Denarius - 32/31 BC. - Mint moving with Mark Anthony (Patrae?)
MARCVS ANTONIVS - Gens Antonia
Obv.: ANT AVG III VIR R P C, Praetorian galley right
Rev.: LEG III, eagle between standards.
Gs. 3,6 mm. 17,20x17,96
Craw. 544/15, Sear 1479, Grueber II (East) 193

2 commentsMaxentius
AsseSestoPompeo.jpg
63 viewsAs - 43/36 BC. - Mint in Spain or Sicily
SEXTVS POMPEIVS - Gens Pompeia
Obv.: MGN above laureate janiform head with features of Pompey the Great
Rev.:Prow of galley right. PIVS above, IMP below.
Gs. 16,3 mm. 29,24
Crawf. 479/1, Sear RCV 1394, Grueber II (Spain) 95

Maxentius
Caracalla   198-217 A.D Denarius RSC175  RIC54b.JPG
51 viewsOBV: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG
REV: PART.MAX.PONT.TR.P.III
two captives seated below trophy
nigel nicholson
Caracalla  198-217 A.D. Denarius RSC302 RIC251.JPG
45 viewsOBV: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM
REV: P.M.TR.P.XVIII.COS.IIII.P.P.
Aesculapius standing front head left holding serpent-entwined wand, globe on ground right......R.S.C 302 R.I.C 251
1 commentsnigel nicholson
26small.jpg
41 views Alexios
25small.jpg
26 views Alexios
24small.jpg
46 views Alexios
23sm,all.jpg
37 views1 comments Alexios
DenCServiliobis.jpg
50 viewsC. SERVILIVS M.f. Denarius. 136 BC. Gens SERVILIA - g. 3,8, mm. 20,5x19,7
Obv.:Winged, helmeted head of Roma right, surmounted by head of an eagle, wreath & * behind, ROMA below
Rev.: the Dioscuri galloping in opposite directions, C SERVEILI M F in ex.
Cr239/1, Sear RCV 116.

2 commentsMaxentius
DenMAntonioLegII.jpg
39 viewsMark Anthony Legionary Denarius. 32-31 B.C.
Obv.: ANT AVG III VIR R P C, Praetorian Galley
Rev.: / LEG II, eagle between standards.
g. 3,2 mm. 16,5
Cr544/14
Maxentius
DenAntestioGragbis.jpg
48 viewsDenarius - 136 B.C. L Antestius Gragulus Gens Antestia
Ob.: Helmeted head of Roma right with XVI in monogram under the chin. GRAG behind
Rev.: Jupiter in galloping quadriga, L ANTES below (ANTE in monogram). In ex. ROMA
g. 3,8 mm. 19,1
Syd 451, Cr238/1, Sear RCV 115
1 commentsMaxentius
ALLECTUS-1.jpg
66 viewsAllectus - AE quinarius or barbarous radiate - 293/296 - Mint of Camulodunum.
Ob.: IMP C ALLECTVS P F AVG; radiate and cuirassed bust right
Rev.: VIRTVS AVG; Galley
gs. 2,7 mm 19,2
Cohen 81, RIC 126 Scarce
1 commentsMaxentius
DenLAurelioCottabis.jpg
31 viewsSerrate Denarius - 105 BC. - Mint of Rome
L. AVRELIVS COTTA - Gens Aurelia
Obv.: Draped bust of Vulcan right, in a laureate pileus, tongs & XVI (in monogram) behind, H • before; all within a myrtle wreath
Rev.: Eagle standing right on thunderbolt, head left, L COT below; all within a laurel wreath.
Gs. 3,7 mm. 18,4
Cr314/1b; Sear RCV 191


Maxentius
PHILIP1-4.jpg
33 viewsPhilip I - Billon tetradrachm - Year 1 (244)
Ob. A K M IOV ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟC EV CEB; laureate and cuirassed bust right
Rev.: L A; Dikaiosyne stg. left, with cornucopiae and scales
Gs. 12,2 mm. 22,1. Totally silvered
Maxentius
DenGCesare-1.jpg
38 viewsC. IVLIVS CAESAR - Denarius - Mint in Africa - 47-46 B.C.
Ob.: Diademed head of Venus right
Rev.: Aeneas walking left, carrying Anchises and the Palladium. Behind CAESAR
gs. 3,6 mm 18,2
Cr458/1, Sear RCV 1402 Syd 1013.

Maxentius
TREBGALL-2.jpg
54 viewsTrebonianus Gallus - Sestertius - Mint of Rome - 251/253
Ob.: IMP CAES C VIBIVS TREBONIANVS GALLVS AVG; Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev.: PAX AVGG S C; Pax standing left, holding olive branch and scepter
gs. 17,9 mm 29,2
Cohen 78
1 commentsMaxentius
DenCensorino.jpg
21 viewsC. MARCIVS CENSORINVUS - Denarius - 88 B.C. - Mint of Rome
Gens Marcia
Ob.: Diademed head of Apollo right
Rev.: Horse galloping right. P above, C CENSOR below. In ex. another controlmark
gs. 3,8 mm. 16,4
Craw. 346/2b
Maxentius
DenLPisoFrugibis.jpg
32 viewsDenarius - 90 b.C. - Mint of Rome
L. CALPVRNIVS PISO FRVGI - Gens Calpurnia
Ob.: laureate head of Apollo right. Behind H. C below the chin.
Rev.: horseman galloping right holding palm. Λ above, L PISO FRVGI below.
gs. 3,9 mm. 18,3
Cr.340/1, Syd.669a
Maxentius
CONTIUS2-3.jpg
93 viewsConstantius II - Majorina - 351/361 - Mint of Sirmio
Ob.: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG; diademed, draped and cuirassed busrt right. Δ in left field
Rev.: FEL TEMP REPARATIO; soldier spearing fallen horseman. In ex ASIRM
gs. 4,4 mm. 24
Cohen 44
Maxentius
COSTGALLO-2.jpg
71 viewsConstantius Gallus - Centenionalis - 352/354 A.D. - Mint of Sirmio
Ob.: D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C; draped and cuirassed bust right. A in left field
Rev.: FEL TEMP REPARATIO; soldier spearing fallen horseman. III in left field
gs. 4,6 mm. 23,2
Maxentius
DenQLutatioCercobis.jpg
16 viewsDenarius - 109-108 BC.
Q. LVTATIVS CERCO - Gens Lutatia
Obv.: ROMA CERCO, helmeted head of Roma (or Mars) right. XVI in monogram behind
Rev.: Q LVTATI, galley right within oak wreath.
Gs. 3,7 mm. 17,4
Crawford 305/1, Sear RCV 182.


Maxentius
DenMFurioPhilobis.jpg
26 viewsAR Denarius - M FVRIVS Lf PHILVS - 119 BC. - Gens Furia - Mint of Rome
Obv.: Laureate head of Janus; [M•F]OVRI•L•[F] around
Rev.: Roma standing left erecting trophy, gallic arms around, ROMA to right, PHILI in ex. (PHI in monogram)
Gs. 3,7 mm. 19,6
Crawford 281/1, Sear RCV 156
1 commentsMaxentius
Semisse-1.jpg
31 viewsAE Semis - Anonymous - After 206 B.C.
Obv.: Head of Saturn right, S behind
Rev.: prow of galley, S above; ROMA below
Gs 12,1 mm. 24,8
Crawford 56/3.
Maxentius
Trajan_Cos_II.jpg
70 viewsIn the picture we can see how the head of an emperor closely resembles the preceeding one. The top three coins are COS II. RIC 9 (3.6g); RIC 12 (3,40g); RIC 22 (3.31g). All have good weights and the RIC 9 is quite possibly overstruck at 3.6g.

Below the three Trajans is a Nerva and it's very similar to the first issues of Trajan. I think it's safe to say that the engravers did not meet the emperor in person.
Paddy
QuinAnonimo.jpg
67 viewsAnonymous Republic Quinarius - After 211 BC.
Ob.: Helmeted head of Roma right, V behind
Rev.: Dioscuri galloping right, ROMA in a tablet.
Gs. 2,2 mm. 16,1
Craw. 44/6, Sear RCV 42

2 commentsMaxentius
DenCFonteiobis.jpg
23 viewsDenarius - C. FONTEIVS - Gens Fonteia - 114-113 BC - Mint of Rome
Obv.: Janiform head of the Dioscuri
Rev.: C FONT (NT in monogram), galley with pilot and three oarsman, ROMA in ex.
gs. 3,9 mm. 19,8
Cr290/1, Sear RCV 167.

Maxentius
DenSerratoCosconio.jpg
27 viewsDenarius serratus - 118 B.C. - Narbo
L. COSCONIVS, L. LICINIVS, CN. DOMITIVS - Gens Cosconia
Obv.: Helmeted head of Rome right; COSCO M.F.. X behind.
Rev.: Gallic warrior (Bituitus?) in biga right, with shield and carnix. L LIC CN DOM in ex.
Gs. 3,8 mm. 19,7
Craw. 282/2, Sear RCV 158
Maxentius
SemisseStella.jpg
29 viewsAE Semis - Anonymous - 169/157 B.C.
Obv.: Head of Saturn right, S behind
Rev.: Prow of galley right, star above, S before; ROMA below
Gs 12,5 mm. 24,1
Crawford 196/2, Sear RCV 829
Maxentius
CARACAL-2.jpg
29 viewsCARACALLA - Denarius - 205 AD.
Obv.:ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate and draped bust right
Rev.: PONTIF TR P VIII COS II, Salus seated left, feeding serpent coiled around altar.
Gs. 2,9 mm. 18,1
Cohen 422, RIC 82
Maxentius
CARACAL-1.jpg
16 viewsCARACALLA - Denarius - 206/210 AD.
Obv.:ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right
Rev.: LIBERTAS AVG, Libertas standing left holding pileus & scepter.
Gs. 4, mm. 20,5
Cohen 143, RIC 161
Maxentius
CARACAL-4.jpg
23 viewsCARACALLA, as Caesar - Denarius - 196/198 AD
Obv.:M AVR ANTONINVS CAES, draped bust right
Rev.: SEVERI AVG PII FIL, sacrificial implements
Gs. 3 mm. 17,9
Cohen 587, RIC 4
Maxentius
Semisse-2.jpg
30 viewsAE Semis - Anonymous - After 211 B.C. (Grueber 240/229 B.C.)
Obv.: Head of Saturn right, S behind
Rev.: prow of galley, S above; ROMA below
Gs 18,3 mm. 25,9
Crawford 56/3, Sear RCV 766, BMRRC(Grueber) 229
Maxentius
DenLSaufeio.jpg
63 viewsDenarius - 152 BC (Grueber 172/151 BC) - Mint of Rome
L. SAVFEIVS - Gens Saufeia
Obv.: Helmeted head of Roma right, X behind
Rev.: Victory in galloping biga right, holding reins and whip. L. SAVF below horses. In ex. ROMA in a tablet.
Gs. 3,4 mm. 16,8x17,3
Craw. 204/1, Sear RCV 83, BMRRC 834



1 commentsMaxentius
DenCPulcher.jpg
26 viewsDenarius - 110-109 BC (Grueber 91/90 B.C.) - Mint of Rome
C. CLAVDIVS PVLCHER - Gens Claudia
Obv.: Head of helmeted Roma right
Rev.: Victory in biga galloping right. Below, C. PVLCHER.
Gs. 3,8 mm. 18
Crawf. 300/1, Sear RCV 177, Grueber 1288

Maxentius
Sestante2.jpg
25 viewsAe Sextans - 211/206 BC - Mint of Rome
Anonymous
Obv.: Head of Mercury right wearing winged petasos; •• above
Rev.: Prow of galley right; ROMA above, •• below.
Gs. 5,8 mm. 19,6
Crawf. 56/6, Sear RCV 1204, Grueber 256



Maxentius
QuadranteAburioGemino.jpg
27 viewsAE Quadrans - 134 BC. - Mint of Rome
C. ABVRIVS GEMINVS - Gens Aburia
Obv.: Head of Hercules right in lionskin, three pellets behind
Rev.: Prow of galley right. C. ABVRI (AB & VR in monogram) / GEM. three pellets before, ROMA below.
Gs. 4,3 mm. 17,6
Craw. 244/3, Sear RCV 1150, Grueber 1002
Maxentius
DenCTerentioLucano.jpg
22 viewsDenarius - 147 BC. - Mint of Rome
C. TERENTIVS LVCANVS - Gens Terentia
Obv.: Helmeted head of Roma right, standing Victory and X behind
Rev.: Dioscuri galloping right, C. TER (TE in monogram) LVC below. In ex. ROMA in a tablet
Gs. 3,8 mm. 18,6.
Crawf. 217/1, Sear RCV 93, Grueber 775



Maxentius
DenTMalApClQUrb.jpg
20 viewsDenarius - 111/110 B.C. Rome mint
APPIVS CL. PVLCHER, T. MALLIVS - Gens Mallia - Claudia.
Obv: Helmeted head of Roma right, quadrangular device behind
Rev.: Victory in triga right, T. MAL. (in monogr.) AP. CL. Q. VR. in ex.
Gs. 3,8 mm. 17,82
Crawf. 299/1b, Sear RCV 176, Grueber 1293

For Crawford, Q. VR would not mean Quaestores Urbani, but the name of a third moneyer, Q. Urbinius.
Maxentius
GALLIEN-3.jpg
20 viewsGALLIENVS - AE Antoninianus - 264 AD. - Antioch mint
Obv.: GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right
Rev.: PAX FVNDATA, trophy with a captive on either side, branch in ex.
Gs. 4,1 mm. 22,1
Cohen 769
Maxentius
Julian-7.jpg
49 viewsJVLIAN II - AE3 - 355/360 - Aquileia mint
Obv.: D N CL IVLIANVS NOB CAES, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev.: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman. AQT in ex.
Gs. 2,5 mm. 16,7
RIC 213
Maxentius
DenMinucioThermo.jpg
46 viewsDenarius - 103 BC.
Q. MINVCIVS M.f. THERMVS - Gens Minucia
Obv.:Helmeted head of Mars (or Rome) left
Rev.: Q. THERM (THE in monogram) M.F. (in monogram) below two warriors in combat, one on left protecting a fallen man.
Gs. 4 mm. 19,37x20,10
Crawf. 319/1, Sear RCV 197

2 commentsMaxentius
DenGiunioBruto.jpg
56 viewsDenarius - 54 BC. - Mint of Rome
MARCVS IUNIVS BRVTVS - Gens Iunia
Obv.: Head of Libertas right. LIBERTAS behind
Rev.: Consul L. Junius Brutus, between two lictors, preceeded by accensus, all walking left, BRVTVS in ex.
Gs. 3,5 mm. 20,73x18,56
Crawf. 433/1, Sear RCV 397, Grueber 3861.

1 commentsMaxentius
12967q00.jpg
65 viewsBronze AE 3, RIC 191, VF, 2.417g, 14.8mm, 180o, Antioch mint, 355 - 361 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, M left, ANG in exareich
13061q00.jpg
48 viewsBronze antoninianus, RIC 612, F, 3.219g, 20.4mm, 180o, Antioch mint, 267 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS AVG, Soldier standing right, spear in right, resting left on shield, PXV in exareich
13025q00.jpg
47 viewsBronze antoninianus, RIC 608, aVF, 2.177g, 22.2mm, 180o, Antioch mint, 267 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS AVG, radiate bust right; reverse IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing left, globe in right, scepter in left, PXV in exareich
Semuncia2.jpg
44 viewsÆ Semuncia - Anonymous - 217-215 B.C.
Obv.: Head of Mercury right wearing petasos
Rev.: Prow of galley right; ROMA above.
Gs. 4 mm. 18,80x19,85
Crawford 38/7; Sear RCV 620, Grueber 129.

Maxentius
Semuncia.jpg
44 viewsAE Semuncia - Anonymous - 217/215 B.C.
Obv.:Head of Mercury right wearing petasos
Rev.: Prow of galley right; ROMA above.
Gs. 4,7 mm. 19,64x19,95
Crawford 38/7; Sear RCV 620, Grueber 129.
Maxentius
Thasos, Thrace hemidrachm, 510-490 BC.jpg
62 viewsISLANDS off THRACE, Thasos. Circa 500-480 BC
AR Drachm (19mm, 2.42 g)
Ithyphallic satyr running right, carrying off protesting nymph
Quadripartite incuse square
Le Rider, Thasiennes 3; SNG Copenhagen 1016; HGC 6, 332
Ardatirion
Cherronesoshemidrachm1.jpg
44 viewsThracian Chersonese, Cherronesos AR Hemidrachm. 400-350 BC. Forepart of lion right, head turned back / quadripartite incuse with crested helmet, pellet and 'A' and 'E' monograms in parallel incuse squares.CANTANATRIX
3.jpg
21 viewshttp://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/albums/edit/preview_6c615484.jpgdjmacdo
index.jpg
30 viewsCaesarea in Cappadocia, Caracalla, drachm, rev. Mount Argaeus, ET ID = Year 14 = 206 AD, Sydenham 474+Alexios
kallatis~0.jpg
22 viewsKallatis, Thrace, Circa 3rd-2nd Century BC. Æ 24mm. Laureate head of Apollo right / KA A - TIA NWN, tripod; grain ear in left field, magistrates name in ex. Moushmov 224, see http://www.wildwinds.com/coins/greece/thrace/kallatis/i.html for several different magistrates names/ monograms 60e+Alexios
caracalla_16_t.jpg
9 viewsoa
caracalla_15.jpg
8 viewsoa
caracalla_14.jpg
5 viewsoa
caracalla_12_t.jpg
9 viewsoa
coin634.jpg
13 viewsOne of the ones that names Silanos RPC 4268 or 4269
legend EΠΙ ΣΙΛΑΝΟΥ ΑΝΤΙΟΧΕΩΝ
Year ΓΜ = 43, AD 12/13 or , AD 13/14
Antiochia (Syria) Æs
It's often called the "Star of Bethlehem" coin.
Coin #634
cars100
coin629.jpg
20 viewsAradus, Phoenicia. AE 22. Tyche/Poseidon. An AE 11
of Aradus, Phoenicia, struck during 132/131 BC.
BMC Phoenicia 302. Obv. Bust of Tyche right wearing
turreted crown.. Rev. Poseidon, nude to waist, seated
left on prow of galley left, holding wreath in extended
right hand, left on trident; as figure-head, Athena left;
below, Phoenician date (128) and letter. Coin #629
cars100
coin158.jpg
19 views11180. Bronze prutah, Hendin 661, Jerusalem mint,
year 2, 67-68 A.D.; obverse amphora with broad rim
and two handles, year 2 (in Hebrew) around; reverse
vine leaf on small branch, the freedom of Zion (in
Hebrew) around. Coin #158
cars100
coin165.jpg
37 viewsCyzicus RIC 93.1 Constantine the Great. AD 331,
333-334. CONSTAN-TINOPLI, Helmeted & laureate
Constantinopolis bust left / Victory standing left on prow
of a galley, holding transverse across her body
spear & shield. Coin #165
cars100
26531q00.jpg
100 viewsSilver tetradrachm, Prieur 720 (1 example), SNG Paris 2331, Weber -, VF, 13.043g, 26.9mm, 180o, Aegeae mint, 132 - 133 A.D.; obverse AUTOKR KAIS TRAIA ADRIANO SEB P P, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse ETOUS •QOR• AIGEAIWN, eagle standing facing on harpe, wings spread, head turned right, goat in ex; rare;

Aegeae issued tetradrachms only during the reigns of Hadrian and Caracalla. The issues were probably related to visits of these emperors to the town or to its famous sanctuary of Asclepius. -- The Syro-Phoenician Tetradrachms and Their Fractions from 57 BC to AD 253 by Michel and Karin Prieur

ex FORVM
dealer's picture
1 commentsareich
Calibria_Tarentum_Scallop_Dolphin_AR10_0_56g.jpg
50 viewsareich
01115q00.jpg
18 viewsJustin I, 518-527. Pentanummium (Bronze, 11 mm, 1.86 g, 7 h), uncertain mint. [...] Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust of Justin I to left. Rev. The Tyche of Antioch seated left; to left, Є. Cf. DOC 57 var., MIB 678 var. and SB 111 var. (all with bust to right). A curious coin with the portrait facing left instead of right, possibly a contemporary imitation. Very fine. Quant.Geek
01141q00.jpg
13 viewsJustinian I, 527-565. 1/2 Siliqua (Silver, 14 mm, 1.31 g, 9 h), Carthage, 534/7-552. D N IVSTINIANVS P P AG Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust of Justinian I to right. Rev. Large monogram; cross above, S below; all within wreath. DOC -. MIB 53. SB 254 ('siliqua'). Darkly toned. Struck on the usual somewhat irregular flan, otherwise, good very fine. Quant.Geek
112~0.JPG
98 viewsHistory of Thessalian League
The Thessalian League/confederacy was made up of several cities in the Thessalian valley in Northern Greece. This area was completely surrounded by mountains and isolated except for a few passes. It was one of the few areas of Greece self-sufficient in grain and produced livestock and horses. Thessaly had the best calvary in Greece. The league was frequently weakened by intercity rivalries and lost its strength in the 5th century BC. The league was re-established in 374 BC by the tyrant Jason. He was assassinated in 370 BC, when it became evident that he had plans of conquest against the rest of Greece. After the death of Jason, there was infighting in the league and some of the cities requested help from Philip II of Macedon to settle the rivalries, which he accomplished in 353 BC. A few years later (344 BC), Philip II simply took control of the entire area. Thessaly remained under Macedonian control until Macedonia was defeated by the Romans in 197 BC. A new league was established in 196 BC. The league continued until 146 BC, then became part of the Roman province of Macedonia.
Antonivs Protti
Philip_1_Lion_Ruby_A.jpg
69 viewsPHILIP I, AD 244-249, AR Antoninianus minted at Rome,
Obverse: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG Radiate, cuirassed and draped bust right of Philip I
Reverse: SAECVLARES AVGG Lion walking right I in exergue. 22.5mm. RIC 12; C. 173.
Ex Superior Ruby Part 2 Sale, June 17 through 22, 1974, lot 1045.
Ex. Dr. Charles L. Ruby Collection
Ex. Dr. Paul Rynearson

Note: The Ruby collection was purchase in 1971 by Superior Galleries for $1,000,000 and sold in three auctions. This coin was sold in auction two of the three auctions. This coin is pictured in the catalog and sold for $65.00.
paul1888
CONSTANTIUS_GALLUS_AE_3_,_AS_FOUND_15mm_2_23__USS_4_79.jpg
10 viewsAntonivs Protti
CONSTANTIUS_GALLUS_AE_3_17mm_2_12gr__USS4_79.jpg
11 viewsAntonivs Protti
1a.jpg
18 viewshttp://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/albums/edit/preview_5a096499.jpg
Deviant style; reverse legend retrograde
djmacdo
ABM_Postumus.jpg
81 viewsPostumus, Principal Mint, sestertius, 260

IMP C M CASS LAT POST[...],Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
SALVS AVG, Salus standing right, feeding snake held in arms
Weight 15.49g

A very rare early issue with Postumus' full name given on the obverse - normally this only occurs on radiate double-sestertii. This is struck from the same obverse die as a gold medallion in Paris with a SALVS PROVINCIARVM reverse.
Adrianus
Lydia_Tralleis_Zeus_ZebuBull_AE16_2_14g.jpg
44 views16mm, 2.14g
obv: ZEYC; diademed bust right
rev: ΤΡΑΛΛΙΑΝΩΝ; zebu bull right, star below

BMC 22, p. 342, #101-2
areich
rjb_2011_04_11a.jpg
18 viewsPerge, Pamphylia
Mid 3rd to 1st cent. BC
Obv: Cult image of Artemis Pergaia in two-columned aedicula
or shrine, with eagle in pediment, wings spread.
Rev: "APTEMIΔOΣ ΠEPΓAIAΣ"
Quiver of Artemis, bow diagonally
behind.
SNG Cop 308; SNG France 3, 373-378; SNG Pfalz 221-223
mauseus
SALONINA-1~0.jpg
43 viewsSALONINA (Wife of Gallienus) - 257/258 AD - Billon Antoninianus - Lugdunum or Cologne mint
Obv: SALONINA AVG, Draped bust right on crescent
Rev: FELICITAS PVBLICA, Felicitas seated left, holding caduceus and cornucopiae
Gms 2,28 mm 24,8
RIC V 1-6 Cohen 50
Maxentius
017~0.JPG
61 viewsPtolemy III Euergetes. Æ Hemidrachm - Triobol. Alexandreia mint. First phase, struck circa 246-242/1. Diademed head of Zeus-Ammon right / Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head right; cornucopia over shoulder; E between legs. Svoronos 974 var. (control mark).

AE40 about 46.5 g.

--------------------------------

Ar 0.249g, 6.7mm
Elea(Elia?), Aeolis, AR Hemiobol. Late 5th century BC. Head of Athena left, in crested helmet / E L A I, around olive wreath, all within incuse square. SNG Cop 164 ex Forvm
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Sabina.jpg
80 viewsSabina Augusta Hadriani Avg pp. Diad and draped bust r.Hair coiled and piled on top of head.REV No legend Venus stg.r.viewed partially from behind,holding helmet and spear and resting on column against which rest shield.Weight 3,30gr RIC 4123 commentsspikbjorn
britannicus01.jpg
47 viewsAE sestertius. Struck under Claudius, circa 50-54 AD, uncertain eastern provincial mint located in the modern-day Balkans.
Obv : TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG F BRITANNICVS, draped bust left.
Rev : - No legend, Mars advancing left, holding spear and shield, SC in fields. 35mm, 19.4g. Extremely Rare.

Ref : BMCRE 226
Cohen 2
RCV 1908, valued at $32,000 in Fine, which is a few multiples greater than any other sestertius issued during the several centuries the denomination was in use.
A large number of the surviving examples of this series (one may even suggest a majority of them), due to their rarity, have been subjected to modern alteration techniques such as smoothing, tooling, and repatination. As such, it's actually pleasant to see a bit of field roughness and a 'plain brown' patina of old copper on this example, evidence that it is just as ugly as it was the day it was last used in circulation back in Ancient Rome.
Britannicus, originally known as Germanicus after Claudius' older brother, was the emperor's original intended heir and natural son. Machinations by Agrippina II eventually saw Britannicus supplanted by her own son Nero, (by Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus) who took the throne upon Claudius' suspicious death. Britannicus himself died a few years later, reportedly poisoned by his step-brother. The future emperor Titus and Britannicus were close friends, and Titus became quite ill and nearly died after eating from the same poisoned dish that killed Britannicus.
R. Smits, Numismatist for Numismall
Tetricus_I_concordia2.jpg
32 viewsTetricus I, Mint II, reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM
IMP TE[TRIC]VS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
CONCORD[IA MI]LITVM, Concordia standing left with patera an cornucopia, standard behind
Normanby -
Weight 3.62g

A previously unknown issue which links typologically to Tetricus CONCORDIA AVG issues (Mint I) and FIDES MILITVM issues (Mint II) and Domitianus' CONCORDIA MILITVM type (Mint II).
Adrianus
roma__comemmoreative_she_woof.jpg
84 viewsROMA Commermorative 33.3-334 ap.J-C
Obv. VRBS ROMA, buste casqué et cuirassé à gauche.
Rev: louve allaitant Romulus and Remus, au-dessus de deux étoiles.
Marque d'atelier:
18mm.,1,85g .,patine foncee
Heraclea
RIC VII 143 Urbs Roma Commemorative AE Reduced Follis. VRBS ROMA, helmeted bust left / She-wolf standing left, suckling twins, two stars above. Mintmark SMH officina letter and star. _1318

Antonivs Protti
Arados_c.jpg
52 viewsArados c. 240-237 BC
obverse : Turreted bust of Tyche right
reverse prow of galley left, with Athena figurehead, AP monogram above.
Ginolerhino
bizantina_1,0_gr__11_mm.JPG
43 viewsManuel I, Comnenus. 1143-1180 AD. AE 1/2 Tetarteron, Greek Mint, 1.2 grams. AE14. (As SB1975 but much smaller). P-over-w GIOC to left of bust facing of St. George, unbearded, nimbate, wearing tunic, cuirass and cloak, holding spear and shield / MANVHL DECPOTH (or MANOVHL DEC), crowned, unbearded bust facing of Manuel, wearing loros, holding labarum and cross on globe. SB 1980, BMC 78.
1.0 gr. 11mm.
Antonivs Protti
p2.jpg
57 viewsstill could use improvement, but thought I'd share.


Heres a link to a better photo
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-65336
5 commentsRandygeki(h2)
argolis_wolf_weber.jpg
58 viewsPeloponnesos. Argolis, Argos. Triobol. Wolf. Weber Plate Coin.

Date: c. 90-50 B.C.
Denomination: AR Triobol.
Diameter: 15 mm.
Weight: 2.29 grams.
Obverse: Forepart of wolf at bay left.
Reverse: Large A; below, eagle standing right; within shallow incuse.
Reference: Weber 4192 (this coin). BCD Peloponnesos 1177. BMC 114.

Ex: Sir Hermann Weber Collection, Ex: Spink 1888

Published: Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber MD, 1823-1918, Described Volume II, page 476, pictured on plate 154, #4192

Link to Plate 154: http://people.virginia.edu/~jdk3t/WeberPlates/Weber154.html

1 commentspaul1888
Otacilia_hippo.jpg
62 viewsOtacilia Severa, wife of Philip I (A.D. 244-249), Silver Antoninianus, Rome mint, fourth officina, A.D. 248, diademed draped bust of Otacilia right, on crescent, OTACIL SEVERA AVG, rev., SAECVLARES AVGG, hippopotamus standing right, IIII in exergue, (RCV 9160; RIC 116b),

Ex Superior Ruby Part 2 Sale, June 17 through 22, 1974, lot 1048.
Ex. Dr. Charles L. Ruby Collection
Ex: Dr. Paul Rynearson
Ex: Kirk Davis Catalog of Ancient Coins, No. 61, Lot 84

Note: The Ruby collection was purchase in 1971 by Superior Galleries for $1,000,000 and sold in three auctions. This coin was sold in auction two of the three auctions. This coin is pictured in the catalog and sold for $95.00.
1 commentspaul1888
Caracalla_Nikopolis_AE18.jpg
20 viewsareich
gallienvs.jpg
28 viewsRIC 180 Gallienus Billon Antoninianus. 157-158 A.D. IMP GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right / DIANAE CONS AVG, antelope walking right. G, V or X in ex, or no mintmark. RSC 163.
1 commentsPatrick O3
kallatis.jpg
29 views21 mm, 6.41 gareich
Gallienus_AE.JPG
9 viewsAntonivs Protti
Constantius_II,_FEL_TEMP_REPARATIO,_fallen_horseman,_Cyzicus~0.JPG
15 viewsAntonivs Protti
CONSTANTIUS_GALLUS_AE_3_,_AS_FOUND_15mm_2_23__USS_4_79~0.JPG
10 viewsAntonivs Protti
Gallienus_AE_ANTILOPE.JPG
13 viewsAntonivs Protti
Bayern_Stadtgemeinde_Lauf_10_Pfennig_1917_Wappen_Blätterkranz_Zink.jpg
22 viewsBayern

Stadtgemeinde Lauf

10 Pfennig

1917

Prägeanstalt: C. Balmberger, Nürnberg

Vs.: Wappen

Rs.: WZ im Blätterkranz

Rand: Glatt

Literatur: Menzel 7754.2

Erhaltung: Fast vorzüglich / sehr schön

Metall: Zink

20 mm, 1,68 g _383
Antonivs Protti
Argentinien_2_Centavos_1890_Hände_Fahnen_Sonne_Argentina_Bronze.jpg
13 views

Argentinien

2 Centavos

1890

Vs.: Freiheitsmütze über sich reichende Hände, eingerahmt von Kranz und Fahnen, darüber Sonne, das Ganze im Perlkreis, darunter Jahr

Rs.: Argentina, Sinnbild der Republik, Kopf n. l.

Erhaltung: Sehr schön

Metall: Bronze

30 mm, 9,65 g _592
Antonivs Protti
Ägypten_Egypt_20_Piaster_1980_AH_1400_Falke_Kupfer_Nickel.jpg
11 views
Ägypten

5 Piaster

AD 1972 / AH 1392

Vs.: Oben arabische Schrift im Bogen, im Feld Nominal, rechts und links Jahreszahlen, unten Verzierungen

Rs.: Islamischer Falke

Zitat: KM# A428

Erhaltung: Kleiner Fleck, ansonsten Stempelglanz

Metall: Kupfer-Nickel

25 mm, 4,49 g _199
Antonivs Protti
Deutsches_Reich_Kaiserreich_12_Mark_1918_D_München_Wilhelm_II__Adler.jpg
17 viewsDeutsches Reich -- Kaiserreich

Wilhelm II. 1888-1918

1/2 Mark 1918 D

München

Vorderseite: Jahr und Wert zwischen Eichenzweigen.

Rückseite: Adler zwischen Eichenzweigen.

Erhaltung: Fast Stempelglanz.

Metall: Silber, .900 fein.

Gewicht: 2,7 g.

Durchmesser: 20 mm. _792
Antonivs Protti
Dänemark_Christian_IX_2_Öre_1886_Kopenhagen_Delfin_Ähre_Krone_Bronze.jpg
15 views
Dänemark

Christian XI. 1863-1906

2 Öre

1886

Münzstätte: Kopenhagen

Vs.: Gekröntes Monogramm

Rs.: Nominal flankiert von Delfin und Ähre

Zitat: KM# 793.1

Erhaltung: Kratzer, ansonsten sehr schön - fast vorzüglich

Metall: Bronze

21 mm, 3,79 g _399
Antonivs Protti
Frankreich_France_Napoleon_III__10_Centimes_1855_D_Lyon_Adler.jpg
29 views
Frankreich

Napoleon III. 1852-1870

10 Centimes

1855 D

Münzstätte: Lyon

Vs.: Napoleon III. nach links im Perlkreis

Rs.: Adler auf Bündel im Pelkreis

Erhaltung: Fast sehr schön

Metall: Bronze

30 mm, 9,47 g _694
Antonivs Protti
DOA_Deutsch_Ostafrika_1_Pesa_1892_Berlin_Krone_Adler_Kranz.jpg
18 viewsDeutsch-Ostafrikanische Gesellschaft

1 Pesa

1892

Münzstätte: Berlin

Vs: Im Lorbeerkranz auf arabisch "Gesellschaft Deutschlands" und die islamische Jahreszahl (in arabischen Zahlzeichen) 1309 für 1892

Rs: Reichsadler

Literatur: Jäger 710

Erhaltung: Schön

Metall: Kupfer

25 mm, 6,26 g _694
Antonivs Protti
Habsburg_RDR_Taler_1780_Maria_Theresia_Polierte_Platte.jpg
31 viewsRömisch Deutsches Reich

Haus Habsburg

Maria Theresia, 1740-1780

Taler 1780 (Silber)

Vs.: Büste nach rechts

Rs.: Gekrönter Doppeladler

Gewicht: 28,2g

Durchmesser: 41,5mm

Erhaltung: fein getönt, Polierte Platte-

Posthume Prägung aus den 1970er Jahren, vorallem hergestellt für den Export in die USA _2691
Antonivs Protti
Libyen_Idris_I_10_Milliemes_AD_1965_AH_1385_Wappen_Kranz_Kupfer_Nickel.jpg
9 views
Libyen

Idris I. 1951-1969

10 Milliemes

AD 1965 / AH 1385

Vs.: Arabische Schrift über Wappen, unten Jahreszahlen

Rs.: Nominal im Kranz, darunter Nominal auf Englisch im Bogen

Rand: Geriffelt

Erhaltung: Stempelglanz

Metall: Kupfer-Nickel

20 mm, 3,22 g _598
Antonivs Protti
Libyen_Idris_I_5_Milliemes_AD_1965_AH_1385_Wappen_Kranz_Nickel_Messing.jpg
9 views
Libyen

Idris I. 1951-1969

5 Milliemes

AD 1965 / AH 1385

Vs.: Arabische Schrift über Wappen, unten Jahreszahlen

Rs.: Nominal im Kranz, darunter Nominal auf Englisch im Bogen

Erhaltung: Etwas fleckig, ansonsten Stempelglanz

Metall: Nickel-Messing

19-20 mm, 2,52 g _898
Antonivs Protti
Libyen_Idris_I_2_Milliemes_1952_Krone_Kranz_Bronze.jpg
11 views

Libyen

Idris I. 1951-1969

2 Milliemes

AD 1952

Vs.: König Idris I. n. r.

Rs.: Nominal über Jahr, das Ganze im Kranz, oben Krone

Rand: Glatt

Erhaltung: Sehr schön

Metall: Bronze

24 mm, 6,08 g _396
Antonivs Protti
Libyen_Idris_I_1_Millieme_AD_1965_AH_1385_Wappen_Kranz_Nickel_Messing.jpg
12 views
Libyen

Idris I. 1951-1969

1 Millieme

AD 1965 / AH 1385

Vs.: Arabische Schrift über Wappen, unten Jahreszahlen

Rs.: Nominal im Kranz, darunter Nominal auf Englisch im Bogen

Rand: Glatt

Erhaltung: Etwas fleckig, ansonsten fast Stempelglanz / Stempelglanz

Metall: Nickel-Messing

16 mm, 1,77 g _593
Antonivs Protti
Italien_Vittorio_Emanuele_III_1_Lira_1913_R_Rom_Quadriga_Silber.jpg
10 views
Italien

Vittorio Emanuele III. 1900-1946

1 Lira

1913 R

Münzstätte: Rom

Vs.: Brustbild n. r.

Rs.: Geflügelte Italia mit Kranz auf Quadriga

Erhaltung: Sehr schön

Metall: 0.835 Silber

23 mm, 4,95 g _1795
Antonivs Protti
Niederlande_Wilhelmina_1_Cent_1914_Utrecht_Löwe_Bronze.jpg
21 views
Niederlande

Wilhelmina 1890-1948

1 Cent

1914

Münzstätte: Utrecht

Vs.: Löwe mit Schwert und Pfeilbündel n. l., das Ganze im Perlkreis

Rs.: Nominal im Kranz

Erhaltung: Sehr schön

Metall: Bronze

19 mm, 2,44 g _190
Antonivs Protti
Mexiko_5_Pesos_1957_Mo_Miguel_Hidalgo_Adler_Schlange_Kaktus_Silber.jpg
16 viewsMexiko

5 Pesos

1957 Mo

Münzstätte: Mexiko Stadt

Vs.: Adler mit Schlange im Schnabel auf Kaktus, darunter Eichen- und Lorbeerkranz, darunter Jahr

Rs.: Kopf von Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla

Rand: Geriffelt

Erhaltung: Vorzüglich

Metall: 0.720 Silber

36 mm, 18,04 g _2196
Antonivs Protti
Libyen_Idris_I_50_Milliemes_AD_1965_AH_1385_Wappen_Kranz_Kupfer_Nickel.jpg
10 views
Ägypten

20 Piaster

AD 1980 / AH 1400

Vs.: Oben arabische Schrift im Bogen, im Feld Nominal, unten Verzierung, links und rechts Jahreszahlen

Rs.: Falke

Literatur: KM# 507

Erhaltung: Vorzüglich

Metall: Kupfer-Nickel

30 mm, 9,98 g _1198
Antonivs Protti
RDR_Österreich_Leopold_1_Kreuzer_1701_Oppeln_Opole_Krone_Adler_Silber.jpg
35 views
RDR

Österreich

Leopold 1657-1705

1 Kreuzer

1701

Münzstätte: Oppeln

Vs.: Bekränztes Brustbild n. r.

Rs.: Gekrönter doppelköpfiger Adler mit Wertzahl auf der Brust

Literatur: Herinek 1800

Erhaltung: Fast sehr schön

Metall: Silber

17 mm, 0,77 g _2191
Antonivs Protti
RDR_Österreich_Böhmen_Maria_Theresia_1_Kreutzer_1761_P_Prag_Kartusche.jpg
17 views
Österreich

Böhmen

Maria Theresia 1740-1780

1 Kreutzer

1761 P

Münzstätte: Prag

Vs.: Büste von Maria Theresia n. r.

Rs.: Nominal über Jahr und Prägestättenbuchstabe, das Ganze in Kartusche

Literatur: Herinek 1607

Erhaltung: Vorzüglich

Metall: Kupfer

24-25 mm, 9,43 g 1999
Antonivs Protti
Spanien_Spain_2_Centimos_1870_Barcelona_Liberty_Löwe_Wappen_Kupfer.jpg
17 viewsSpanien

2 Centimos

1870 OM

Münzstätte: Barcelona

Vs.: Löwe mit Wappen

Rs.: Sitzende Liberty

Erhaltung: Sehr schön

Metall: Kupfer

20 mm, 1,87 g _499
Antonivs Protti
Spanien_Spain_Isabel_II_8_Maravedis_1845_Segovia_Löwe_Burg_Wappen_Kupfer.jpg
17 views
Spanien

Isabel II. 1833-1868

8 Maravedis

1845

Münzstätte: Segovia

Vs.: Büste n. r., darunter Jahreszahl

Rs.: Wappen im Feld, vier Lilien ins Kreuz gestellt, in den Winkeln Wappen von Kastilien und Leon

Erhaltung: Sehr schön / schön

Metall: Kupfer

28 mm, 9,50 g _490
Antonivs Protti
Ägypten_Egypt_5_Piaster_1967_AH_1387_Adler_Kupfer_Nickel.jpg
13 views
Ägypten

5 Piaster

AD 1967 / AH 1387

Vs.: Oben arabische Schrift im Bogen, im Feld Nominal, unten Verzierung, links und rechts Jahreszahlen

Rs.: Adler

Zitat: KM# 412

Erhaltung: Vorzüglich - fast Stempelglanz

Metall: Kupfer-Nickel

25 mm, 4,42 g _296
Antonivs Protti
caracalla_securitas_new.jpg
38 viewsRoman Empire, Caracalla 198-217, Denarius; 3.32g
"IMP CAES M AVR ANTON AVG" Laureate, draped bust of Caracalla right.
"SECVRIT ORBIS" Securitas seated on a throne with cornucopiae and scepter.
RSC III 571b
1 commentspaul1888
Boeotia_Pharai.jpg
23 viewsBOEOTIA, Pharai. 4th century BC. AR Obol (0.85 g). Boeotian shield / Amphora; wheat ear to left; all within concave circle. BCD Boiotia 236. Near VF, toned, light roughness.

From the BCD Collection.
1 commentsareich
Corinth.jpg
36 viewsCORINTHIA, Corinth. Circa 375-300 BC. AR Diobol (10mm, 0.78 g, 12h). Pegasos flying left / Pegasos standing left; Δ-I below. BCD Corinth -; SNG Copenhagen -; cf. BMC 208. Fine, toned, porous.

Ex Coin Galleries (14 November 1984), lot 121.
areich
_T2eC16dHJIkE9qU3lQ,hBR(r-rhsKw~~60_1.jpg
19 viewsÄgypten 5 Milliemes AD 1973 / AH 1393
Vs.: Oben arabische Schrift im Bogen, im Feld Nominal, links und rechts Jahreszahlen
Rs.: Adler
Zitat: KM# 432
Erhaltung: Stempelglanz
Metall: Messing
18 mm, 1,96 g _196
Antonivs Protti
_T2eC16d,!yUE9s6NFmdkBRbsZfu)!Q~~60_1.jpg
15 viewsPirmasens (Bayern) 5 Pfennig. ohne Jahr
Vs: Wappen
Rs: Wert
Zitat: Menzel 11016
Gewicht: 1.52 g. Durchmesser: 19-20 mm
Metall: Zink. Erhaltung: Sehr schön _196
Antonivs Protti
caracalls_ric_IVa_54b.jpg
8 viewsCARACALLA
AR Denarius
18.9 mm, 3.2 grams

OBV: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG,
Laureate, draped bust, right
REV: PART MAX P M TR P IIII, two captives seated right and left, mourning, at foot of trophy.
RIC-IVa-54b
ziggy9
Alexandria_Egypt_tetradrachm.jpg
43 viewsEGYPT, ALEXANDRIA, Gallienus (A.D. 253-268), Potin Tetradrachm, 10.77g., 23mm, Dated year 14 (A.D. 266/7), AVT K P LIK GALLIHNOC CEB, laureate and cuirassed bust right, rev., eagle standing left, head right, holding wreath in beak, L ID (date) before, palm behind, (Köln 2932; Dattari 5283; Milne 4145),


Provenance:

Ex Boston Museum of Fine Arts (Deaccessioned #88.230).

Purchased from Alfred Oscar van Lennep (1851-1913), Anglo-Dutch Numismatic and Antiquities Dealer (Smyrna, (Izmir) Turkey), January 5th, 1888.
paul1888
ANTLEGXV.jpg
73 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
Galley right, mast with banners at prow

LEG XV
legionary eagle between two standards

Patrae mint

32-31BC

Patrae mint

3.16g


32-31BC

The XV is there, much easier to see in hand.

Founded by Julius Caesar in 54 BC
Known also as the XV Apollinaris meaning "belonging to the god Apollo"
Jay GT4
cwglassweight_20mm_5_72g.JPG
44 viewsByzantine glass coin weight
Monogram of Anastasius
20mm
5.72g
Bendall.64
wileyc
Filer_01.JPG
188 viewsA special smaller coin box I built for a collector. The box measures about 8.5" wide by 9" deep by 5" tall. It contains 6 thicker trays with slightly deeper recesses.

www.CabinetsByCraig.net
cmcdon0923
Mughal_KM93_18.jpg
18 viewsObv: الله اکبر جل جلاله; (Allahu Akbar Jalle Jalalahu; God is Greatest; His Glory is Great)
Rev:
SpongeBob
13019_81_1.jpg
18 viewsTripura, Amara Manikya, Tanka, 10.61g, Sk 1499, citing Queen Amaravati, similar to previous lot, but standard type 'k', small pellet in front of lion, and Śake divided by lion's front foot (RB. 161; KM. 90)SpongeBob
Denarius_111-110.jpg
15 viewsDenarius
Appius Claudius Pulcher, T Manlius Mancinus & Q Urbinus
Mint: Rome
111-110 BCE

Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma, right; behind, mark (circle within a triangle); border of dots
Reverse: Victory in triga right, holding reins in both hands, one horse looking back; AP CL T MAL Q VR in exergue; border of dots

Crawford (RRC) 299/1a
Sydenham 570
RSC I Mallia 1
SRCV I 176
Shea B
Denarius_206-195.jpg
16 viewsDenarius
Anonymous
Mint: Rome
206-195 BCE

Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma, right; behind, denominational mark (X); border of dots
Reverse: Dioscuri galloping, right; below, mark (eight-rayed star); Roma in exergue; line border

Crawford (RRC) 113/1
Sydenham 263
RSC I 20gg
BM 457
SRCV I 54
Shea B
image01235.jpg
20 viewsObv: ռաիԲեն (Raiben; Roupen); Cross Pattée with small pellets in four quadrants
Rev: ծառա այ (Tsara ay; Servant of God); Cross Pattée with large pellets in four quadrants
Quant.Geek
Spahr-88.jpg
13 viewsSICILY: Guglielmo I, 1154-1166, AV tari (1.04g), NM, AH549, Spahr-88, rare with legible date, ruler cited as al-malik ghulyalim al-hadi bi-amr AllahQuant.Geek
lot943919.jpg
21 viewsFaustina II. Silver Denarius (3.27 g), Augusta, AD 147-175. Rome, under Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, AD 161-164/5. FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust of Faustina II right, with single circle of pearls around head. Reverse: IVNONI REGINAE, Juno standing facing, head left, holding patera and scepter. RIC -; BMC -; RSC -. Unpublished in the standard references without the peacock. Normally a peacock is shown standing at the feet of Juno on the reverse. On this coin, the bird is missing.Quant.Geek
Boeotia_Drachm.jpg
38 viewsBoeotia, Federal Coinage, c. 304-294 BC, Drachm, 5.79g, 18mm. Boiotian shield decorated with vertical caduceus / Amphora; Δ-I across field; all within incuse square. BCD Boiotia 70; SNG Copenhagen 412 var. (pellet above amphora). Good Very fine, high relief and lovely tone1 commentspaul1888
30599.jpg
34 viewsanonymous (attributed to Alexius I). Ca. 1081-1118. AE follis (25.96 mm, 5.26 g, 12 h). anonymous class J. Constantinople mint. Facing bust of Christ, cross behind his head with 5 pellets in each limb; wearing pallium and colobium; raising hand and holding book of Gospels; / IC - C / XC / Crosss with globule and two pellets at each extremity; beneath, large crescent; around, four globules, each surrounded by pellets. SBCV 1900. Overstruck on a class I anonymous follis SBCV 1889 1 commentsQuant.Geek
IMG_0358.JPG
10 viewsM. Cipius M.f. 115-114 BC. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.98 g, 4h). Rome mint. Helmeted head of Roma right; X (mark of value) to left / Victory driving galloping biga right, holding reins and palm frond; rudder below. Crawford 289/1; Sydenham 546; Cipia 1; Type as RBW 1118.ecoli
Sear-2374.jpg
13 viewsAndronicus II Palaeologus. 1282-1328. Æ Trachy (23.5mm, 1.61 g, 6h). Class IV. Thessalonica mint. Facing bust of St. Demetrius, holding spear and shield / Half-length winged facing figure of Andronicus, holding sword and akakia, above crenelated wall with archways. DOC 730-1; SB 2374. VF, dark green patina, minor areas of weak strike, struck on irregular flan.


From the Iconodule Collection.
Quant.Geek
Sear-2217.jpg
10 viewsJohn Comnenus-Ducas. As emperor of Thessalonica, 1237-1242. BI Trachy (20mm, 1.67 g, 6h). Type R, Variety A. Thessalonica mint. Outstretched wing to left / Facing half-length bust John, holding banner decorated with two cross-in-rings. DOC 31; SB 2217. VF, dark green and brown patina, hint of roughness, small flan split.


From the Iconodule Collection.
Quant.Geek
Herrli-01_31.jpg
11 viewsSIKH EMPIRE: AE ¼ anna (7.35g), Amritsar, VS(18)96, KM-5var, Herrli-01.31, small cross in obverse field, pa anna nanakshahi on reverse, lovely strike, gorgeous EF, R, ex Paul Stevens Collection. Herrli divided these into a paisa (=¼ anna) and half paisa (11-12g, and 5.5g, respectively), but all coins are inscribed "pa anna" for ¼ anna, and all weigh in the range of 7.0g to 8.5g; thus there is only one denomination for this type.
Quant.Geek
Corinthian_Aryballos.jpg
28 viewsCorinthian Aryballos
ca. 6th century BC. Black figure decoration with winged figure. Provenance:Ex: Toledo Museum of Art; Came to Toledo Museum of Art in 1948. Not accessioned has an ID number of "App 7-30-48". UNACC.3.1948. H: 2 1/2 in. (6.4 cm).
paul1888
Colonial_caracalla.JPG
17 viewsJose C
4170540A.jpg
9 viewsSRI LANKA (CEYLON), Native coinages. Kingdom of Ruhuna. Circa 3rd century BC–1st century AD. Lot of two (2) terracotta tokens. All coins: circular terracotta pieces incised with four lines at 90 degree angles on either side. (20mm, 2.43 g) and (16.5mm, 1.88 g). Ruhana N.13. Quant.Geek
4170540B.jpg
12 viewsSRI LANKA (CEYLON), Native coinages. Kingdom of Ruhuna. Circa 3rd century BC–1st century AD. Lot of two (2) terracotta tokens. All coins: circular terracotta pieces incised with four lines at 90 degree angles on either side. (20mm, 2.43 g) and (16.5mm, 1.88 g). Ruhana N.13. Quant.Geek
Bolskan_denarius.jpg
15 viewsAncient Greek
SPAIN
Bolskan. Circa 150-100 BC
AR denarius
Bearded male head right / Horseman riding right, holding spear
4.05 g, 17-18 mm, silver
ACIP 1417; SNG BM Spain 710
[Ex Kallman Collection, purchased from Malter Galleries, March 1971]
paul1888
REVERSESl.jpg
125 viewsThis "Otho" with "VÍCTORIA PR" reverse is an ingenious fabrication created by the famous forger "Tardani". He had obviously realized that there were a few VICTORIA OTHONIS dies recut from Galba's VICTORIA PR dies and created this fictitious but possible coin with copies of real dies. I used to have this coin and another with the same dies is in the Berlin coin cabinet. Both are overweight, around 3.9 gr. It took some time to find a Galba minted with this particular reverse die but finally I succeeded. The final proof is seen in this coin, there are a few regions were the die has broken, ie before the die ever could have been used for an Otho coin. The coin is quite convincing because of the dies, but the surfaces were a bit strange and the legends unusual in profile.jmuona
110561LG.jpg
6 viewsPostumus. Romano-Gallic Emperor, A.D. 260-269. BI antoninianus (21 mm, 2.30 g, 1 h). Treveri, A.D. 261. IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Postumus right / P M TR P CO-S II P P, emperor standing facing, head left, holding globe and spear. RIC 54; Mairat 27-31; AGK 60; RSC 243aQuant.Geek
110353LG.jpg
10 viewsPostumus. Romano-Gallic Emperor, A.D. 260-269. BI antoninianus (20 mm, 3.04 g, 7 h). Treveri, A.D. 266. IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Postumus right / FIDES [E]XERCITVS, four military standards. RIC 303; Mairat 120; AGK 20; RSC 65. Quant.Geek
110347LG.jpg
12 viewsVictorinus. Romano-Gallic Emperor, A.D. 269-271. Æ antoninianus (20 mm, 3.09 g, 7 h). Treveri, A.D. 269. IMP C PIAV VICTORINVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Victorinus right / PA-X AVG, Pax standing facing, head left, holding branch and scepter; V-*. RIC 117; Mairat 244; AGK 12c. Brown patina. Nice full flan with complete legendsQuant.Geek
HENRY_VI_from__National_portrait_gallery.JPG
3 views*Alex
100_3660.jpg
30 viewsAn 18 tray cabinet with brushed nickel finish hardware and locking doors. The collector specifically requested no felts in the trays, as he was going to look into a custom material for lining them.

CabinetsByCraig.net
cmcdon0923
Trajan.jpg
65 viewsTrajan AR Denarius. Rome, AD 113-114. IMP TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC P M TR P, laureate and draped bust right / COS VI P P SPQR, Trajan's column surmounted by statue of the emperor; at base, two eagles. RIC 307; BMCRE 522; RSC 115. 3.53g, 20mm, 6h.
Of all of the truly monumental buildings and commemorative structures which the emperor Trajan built, only one, the Columna Traiani, has survived in a reasonable state of completeness. Indeed, it appears almost identical in person as it does on coins, except that the statue of Trajan that originally surmounted it was replaced in 1588 with a statue of St. Paul. When completed, the column occupied a prominent place between two libraries, the Basilica Ulpia and the Temple of Trajan and Plotina. The column was massive: it was over 12 feet in diameter at its base, and rose to a height of nearly 130 feet. Its core was comprised of 34 blocks of Carrara white marble that were made hollow so as to accommodate a circular staircase of 185 steps. The most remarkable feature of the column, however, was its ornamentation, for the friezes on its exterior are some of the most inspiring works of art ever produced. Monumental in scope and execution, they record Trajan’s two Dacian campaigns, from 101-3 and 104-6. All told, there are more than 2,500 individually sculpted figures distributed among more than 150 scenes. The emperor himself is represented no less than fifty times – not a surprise considering his penchant for commemorative architecture and his pride in having added Dacia to the provinces of the empire. “ Source: NAC”

Ex Michael Kelly Collection of Roman Silver Coins
4 commentspaul1888
01gallieno_AETERN.jpg
12 viewstetrico
01gallieno_ORIENS.jpg
11 viewstetrico
02gallieno_ORIENS.jpg
14 viewstetrico
02gallieno_AETERN.jpg
17 viewstetrico
02gallieno_diana.jpg
17 viewstetrico
01gallieno_diana.jpg
18 viewstetrico
merged.jpg
47 viewsHere is my most recent project, both for the same collector. There are two separate cabinets, one containing 5 drawers each capable of holding 60 slabs. The other was a 45 tray cabinet with a variety of tray configurations, with a total capacity of over 2,200 raw coins. They were shipped in four boxes weighing approximately 215 pounds, total. (The pictures were taken in slightly different lighting conditions, which tends to make them look different in color, but they actually matched quite well.)

www.CabinetsByCraig.net
2 commentscmcdon0923
cjd.jpg
Caracalla & Julia Domna, AE 27 Pentassarion of Markianopolis, Moesia Inferior21 viewsCaracalla & Julia Domna AE27 Pentassarion of Markianopolis, Moesia Inferior.
Obverse: ANTWNINOC AVGOVCTOC IOVLIA DOMNA, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust of Caracalla right facing draped bust of Julia Domna left.
Reverse: UP KUNTILIANOU MARKIANOPOLITWN, Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopiae, Epsilon in upper left field.
Varbanov 1054 ; AMNG 678. 26.3 mm diam., 12.3 g
Previously a Forum coin RP63352
NORMAN K
constans199.jpg
Constans, Siscia RIC VIII 19930 viewsConstans, AE 3, Sisica
Obverse: DN CONSTANS PF AVG, pearl diademed and curiassed bust right.
Reverse: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor standing facing, head left, holding Phoenix on globe and labarum on galley, Victory sits at the helm.
Gamma SIST(symbol 3) in ex. Siscia mint, 18.9 mm, 2.0 g.
NORMAN K
gal585.jpg
Gallienus, RIC 585 var 2, 253-268 CE25 viewsGallienus, AE antoninianus, sole reign
Obverse: GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, laureate head right.
Reverse: GALLIENVS AVG, Uberitas standing left, holding a purse and a cornucopia. Epsilon in right field
19 mm., 2.9 g.
NORMAN K
001a.jpg
Collection overview143 viewsAll my countermarked Spanish coins.

Click on the picture to enlarge.
1 commentsmauseus
Randy.JPG
Falling horseman67 viewsAll 15 official mints.
Alexandria
Amiens
Antioch
Aquileia
Arles
Constantinople
Cyzicus
Heraclea
Lyons
Nicomedia
Rome
Sirmium
Siscia
Thessalonica
Trier
Barbaous Mint

Updated coins with a new background (thanks Jay!)
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
gal.jpg
Gallienus RIC 159 Rome14 viewsGallienus (253-268), Antoninianus, Rome, AD 261-262 , Obverse:GALLIENVS AVG,radiate cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing facing, head left, holding cornucopiae right and scales left.. RIC V, 159; RSC 24; RCV 2966.
21.1 m., 4.1 g.
NORMAN K
Augustus_Irippo.jpg
2 Augustus Irippo29 viewsAUGUSTUS
Æ Semis of Irippo, Spain, 27 BC - 14 AD

IRIPPO, Bare head of Augustus right within wreath / Female figure seated left, holding pine-cone and cornucopia; all within wreath.

RPC 55; SNG Cop. 152-4. VF, green patina
RI0010
Sosius
Agrippa_As_2.jpg
2.75 Agrippa57 viewsAGRIPPA
Æ As. Struck under Caligula, 37-41 AD

M AGRIPPA L F COS III, head left wearing rostral crown / S-C, Neptune standing facing, head left, naked except for cloak draped behind him & over both arms, holding small dolphin in right hand & vertical trident in left.

Cohen 3, RIC 58 [Caligula], Cohen 3, BMC 161 [Tiberius] Fine, roughness
RI0003
Sosius
47614q00.jpg
3 Tiberius, Utica, Zeugitana, Ex John Quincy Adams Collection30 viewsBronze dupondius, RPC I 739, F, holed, 13.158g, 29.8mm, 90o, Zeugitana, Utica mint, 298 - 30 A.D.; obverse TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVG IMP VIII, bare head left; reverse C VIBIO MARSO PRCOS III C SALLVSTIVS IVSTVS II, Livia seated right, scepter in left, patera in extended right, M - M / I - V across fields; with John Quincy Adams Collection tag from the Stack's Sale; scarce
RI0001
Ex John Quincy Adams Collection, 6th President of the United States, and His Descendants, ex Massachusetts Historical Society Collection, ex Stack’s Sale , 5-6 March 1971, lot 763.

Purchased from FORVM
Sosius
rjb_gallienus_38_08_05.jpg
3838 viewsAs
Rome
Issue 1
VIRTVS AVGG
G 38
mauseus
Nero_As_RIC_306.jpg
6 Nero AE As28 viewsNERO
AE As
NERO CAESAR AVG GERM IMP, laureate head right / PACE P R VBIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT S-C, the Temple of Janus, latticed window to l., garland hung across closed double doors on the right.
RIC 306, Sear5 #1974

On the rare occasions when Rome was not at war with a foreign enemy the doors of the 'Twin Janus' temple were ceremonially closed, an event which Nero commemorated extensively on the coinage of 65-67 A.D. -- David R. Sear, Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol 1
RI0042
Sosius
Vindex_denarius.jpg
6.75 Revolt of Vindex58 viewsRevolt Against Nero, Gaius Iulius Vindex, Governor of Gallia Lugdunensis, c. Late 67 - May 68 A.D.

Struck by Gaius Iulius Vindex, the Roman governor of Gallia Lugdunensis, who rebelled against Nero's tax policy and declared allegiance to Galba, the governor of Hispania Tarraconensis, as the new emperor. Vindex was defeated and killed in battle near Vesontio (modern Besançon), but the military continued to support Galba. On 9 June 68, deserted by the Praetorian Guard, Nero stabbed himself in the throat.

Silver denarius, Unpublished, civil war restitution of Augustus, gF, porosity, marks, uncertain (Lugdunum?) mint, weight 3.167g, maximum diameter 19.0mm, die axis 180o, c. late 67 - May 68 A.D.; obverse CAESAR, bare head of Augustus right; reverse AVGVSTVS, young bull walking right, head turned facing; ex Roma Numismatics e-auction 6, lot 321; only two examples known to Forum

Purchased from FORVM
2 commentsSosius
rjb_gallienus_77_08_05.jpg
7728 viewsSestertius
Rome
Issue 2
VICTORIA AVGG
G 77
mauseus
Vitellius_RIC_73.jpg
9 Vitellius Denarius, 69 AD18 viewsVITELLIUS
AR denarius, Rome Mint (3.13g)
January 2 - December 20, 69 A.D.

O: A VITELLIVS GERMAN IMP AVG TR P, laureate head right

R: CONCOR-DIA P R, Concordia seated left holding patera and cornucopia;

RIC I 73 scarce, Cohen 20

I am unsure of authenticity. The only way to determine once and for all will be to clean this one...
RI0072

Sosius
clsud478.jpg
Claudius II Gothicus, 268-270 CE.25 viewsBronze Antoninianus, Minister 478
Obverse: DIVO CLAUVDIO, radiate head right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO, garlanded altar with flames above, no decoration on front. 16.7 mm., 1.8 g.
Note: Although a variation of this coin is in the RIC and Cohen, these sources generally refer to the type with a front divided into four sections (RIC 261). This type of garlanded altar, lit altar was not described and published until the discovery of the Minister Hoard, discovered after RIC was written.
NORMAN K
constantius84.jpg
Constantius II RIC VIII 84 Nicomedia25 viewsSilvered AE 22
Obverse: DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG: pearl diademed, draped bust right.
Reverse: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing a fallen horseman who is bearded, wears cap, reaching backwards.
Dot SMNA gamma ex. Gamma in left field.
RIC VIII 84 Nicomedia. 21.81 mm., 4.8 g.
sold 4-2018
NORMAN K
c93a.jpg
Constantius II RIC VIII 93a Cyzicus26 viewsConstantius II, AE 3 of Cyzicus, 324-361 CE
Obverse: DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, curiassed bust right.
Reverse: FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman who is wearing a Phrygian helmet, reaching backwards. Γ Symbol in left field
Mintmark SMK delta, 22.8 mm., 5.2 g.
NORMAN K
CONSTANTIUS_II_189.jpg
CONSTANTIUS II, RIC VIII 189d Thessalonica38 viewsObverse: DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG. Pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: FEL TEMP REPARATIO. Soldier spearing fallen horseman who is bare headed and reaching backwards. Delta in left field.
SMTS in ex. Thessalonica 17.1 mm diam. 2.6 g.
1 commentsNORMAN K
mon1s.jpg
Constantius II, RIC VIII Cyzicus 93A 20 viewsObv: DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
Rev: FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman who is wearing a Phrygian helmet and is reaching backwards. Γ symbol in left field
Mintmark: SMK Delta
AE2 23mm., 5.2 g. Cyzicus
NORMAN K
constantiusII369.jpg
Constantius II, Siscia RIC VIII 36919 viewsConstantius II, AE 3 of Siscia
Obverse: DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, curiassed bust right.
Reverse: FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman who is wearing a Phrygian helmet, reaching backwards, M in left field.
Mintmark SIS, Siscia, 16 mm,1.9 g.
NORMAN K
gal176b.jpg
Gallienus, RIC 176 Rome20 viewsGallienus, AE antoninianus
Obverse: IMP GALLIENVS radiate, bust right.
Reverse: DIANAE CONS AVG, doe running right and looking backwards.
Rome mint, 19 mm., 2.9 g.
NORMAN K
1__antiochus_IV__j_hyrcanus_I.jpg
Hendin-45186 viewsMinted under the joint authority of Antiochos VII and John Hyrcanus I
130/131 BCE
Struck as a transitional issue at the mint of Jerusalem
Called the earliest "Jewish" coin.
Obv- ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΤΙΟΧΟΥ ΕΥΕΡΓΕΤΟΥ
Seleucid anchor, upside down, date below
Rev- Lily,Symbol of Jerusalem and the Temple
Mint: Jerusalem
Meshorer: AJC 1,Supplement II,A2
1 commentsbrian l
tregalvim.jpg
Trebonianus Gallus, Viminacium AE2427 viewsMoesia Superior, Viminacium, Trebonianus Gallus. 251-253 CE.
Obverse: IMP C GALLVS P FELIX AVG, laureate and draped bust right.
Reverse: PMS COL VIM, city goddess standing left hands over bull and lion.
AN XIII in ex. Year 13=252 CE., 24 mm., 8.6 g.
AMNG 165
NORMAN K
Section2_Page_17_Image_0001.jpg
*Late Roman Mints49 viewsFrom:
ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez

ERIC I and ERIC II are great resources for coin identification and the history behind the coins. Author Ras Suarez is a heck of a nice guy and very accessible to collectors. He has made all of ERIC I freely available at:
http://www.dirtyoldbooks.com/eric.html
Sosius
RI_064sv_obva.JPG
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC - error - obv16 viewsDenarius
Obv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS I - I, Laureate head right
Rev:– FELICITAS TEMPOR, grain ear between crossed cornucopiae / VICTOR SEVER AVG, Victory walking left, holding wreath in right hand, palm in left.
Minted in Rome. A.D. 194-195
Reference:– BMCRE 347 note/ BMCRE 399. RIC 347A/RIC 428. RSC 141b/RSC 749

The reverse of this coin has been struck with two diffrerent reverse dies during the strking process. The coin was originally struck, not removed and then struck again with a different reverse die.
maridvnvm
RI_064jg_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 45442 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERTE AVG IMP I - I, laureate head right
Rev:– IOVI VICT, Jupiter seated left, Victory in right hand, scepter in left
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 195
References:– BMCRE W431 note. RIC 454 (citing Cohen, rated Scarce). RSC 247 (Citing Copenhagen).

The Copenhagen coin would appear to be the source of all these references.
maridvnvm
Claudius_Cunetio_2296.jpg
1 Claudius II20 viewsCLAUDIUS II
AE Antoninianus
IMP CLAVDIVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust (small) right / SPES AVG, Spes walking left, holding flower and hitching robe, II in left field
Cunetio hoard 2296, Normanby hoard 1086
aVF/F, Rare
Sosius
Gordian_III_2.jpg
1 Gordian III26 viewsGordian III
Ant 4.4g, Rome Mint
238-239 AD

O: IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG. Radiate and draped bust right.

R: IOVI CONSERVATORI. Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter, small figure of Gordian at feet.

RIC IV-3 2
Sosius
Vespasian_RIC_732.jpg
10 Vespasian AE As, 74 AD20 viewsVESPASIAN
AE As. 74 AD.

O: IMP CAESAR VESP AVG COS V CENS, laureate head right

R: VICTORIA AVGVST S-C, Victory standing right on prow of galley, holding wreath and palm.

Cohen 638, RIC 732

Sadly, this coin suffered from bronze disease, and the patina was lost when the coin was treated.
RI0060
Sosius
rjb_gal4_09_06.jpg
10128 viewsAntoninianus
Rome
Issue 2
PROVIDENTIA AVGG
G 101
mauseus
Screen_Shot_2017-05-11_at_10_49_26_AM.png
11.5 Julia Titi43 viewsJulia Titi, Daughter of Titus (A.D. 79-80). Augusta, A.D. 79-90/1. AE dupondius. Rome mint, struck A.D. 79/80 by Titus. From the RJM Collection.
Julia Titi, Daughter of Titus (A.D. 79-80). Augusta, A.D. 79-90/1. AE dupondius (27.82 mm, 10.08 g, 5 h). Rome mint, struck A.D. 79/80 by Titus. IVLIA IMP T AVG F AVGVSTA, draped bust of Julia right, hair drawn-up in bun / Vesta seated left holding palladium and scepter; S - C // VESTA. RIC 398 (Titus); BN (Titus) 270, 271; BMC (Titus) 256, 257. Fine, green patina, cleaning marks.

From the RJM Collection.

Ex Agora Auctions, 5/9/2017
3 commentsSosius
rjb_car_110irr_replace.jpg
110 irregular43 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
AE Antoninianus
Obv: "IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, small globe in hand
Rev: "PAX AVG"
Pax standing left with vertical sceptre
Irregular mint
F/O//-
RIC - (cf 110)
mauseus
rjb_gal5_09_06.jpg
11730 viewsAntoninianus
Rome
Issue 3
VICTORIA GERM
G 117
mauseus
rjb_gal2_06_09.jpg
12122 viewsAntoninianus
Rome
Issue 3
VIRTVS AVGG
G 121
mauseus
rjb_car_cf121.jpg
121cf51 viewsCarausius 287-93 AD
AE antoninianus
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "PAX AVG"
Pax standing left with transverse sceptre
Uncertain mint
V/star//-
RIC - (cf 121)
This coin clearly copies the coins of Victorinus from Mint I (Trier), third issue.
mauseus
Nerva_AE_25_of_Antioch.jpg
13 Nerva AE25 of Antioch15 viewsNERVA
AE25 of Antioch, Syria.
96-97 AD
Laureate head right / SC, I below, all within laurel wreath.
RI0108
Sosius
57314q00~0.jpg
15 Hadrian73 viewsHADRIAN
BI tetradrachm, Alexandria mint, 11.1g, 25.1mm
29 Aug 125 - 28 Aug 126 A.D.
ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ Α∆ΡΙΑ CΕΒ, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, wearing aegis, from behind / L ∆Ε KATOV (year 10), Canopus jar of Osiris, ornamented with figures, wearing crown of horns, uraei disk, and plumes
Kampmann-Ganschow 32.351; Geissen 903; Dattari 1326; Milne 1154; BMC Alexandria p. 75, 630; Emmett 827
Choice gVF
Purchased from FORVM

Note that at some point in this coin's history, it seems to have been used a host for very poor quality fakes. After discussion on the FORVM board, I am comfortable that this coin is indeed the original. Shame on the former owner that used it for copies!

During the mummification process, large organs, such as the liver, lungs, stomach and intestines were extracted and placed in four jars. In the Ptolemaic period, the Greeks called these jars "canopic jars," relating them to the deity of the old city Canop (now a village in Abu Kyr). The heart was left in the body because it held the spirit, understanding and senses and would be needed on the Day of Judgment in the underworld. -- FORVM
RI0073
3 commentsSosius
Hadrian_RIC_718.jpg
15 Hadrian As 23 viewsHADRIAN
Æ As. 117-138 AD
HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS, draped bust right / FELICITATI AVG, COS III P P in ex., galley traveling right.
RIC 718, As. Cohen 691.
RI0095
Sosius
Hadrian_Dupon_RIC_974.jpg
15 Hadrian Dupondius20 viewsHADRIAN
AE Dupondius
HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P, radiate head right / HILARITAS PR S-C, COS III in ex, Hilaritas standing left holding long palm and cornucopia, small boy and girl to sides.
Cohen 820, RIC 974, Sear 3664
RI0091
Sosius
rjb_car_188cf_05_05.jpg
18858 viewsCarausius 287-93
Antoninianus
Obv"IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "[PM T]RP II COS PP"
Emperor togate seated left in curule chair
Camulodunum mint
-/-//C
RIC 188?
This is the only known coin with "TRP II COS", all other extant specimens except the coin below are "TRP IIII COS". A discussion of this coin in relation to the other dated coins of Carausius can be found here.
mauseus
rjb_2016_05_06.jpg
18bis16 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right viewed from rear
FELICITAS AVG
Felicitas standing left holding caduceus and cornucopia
RIC lists FELICITAS SEC as a reverse, however this looks to read AVG. Similarly Burnett only lists FELICITAS SEC but then only with a cuirassed bust on the obverse
London mint
S/A//ML
RIC 22
mauseus
Crispina_RIC_276.jpg
20.5 Crispina22 viewsCRISPINA
AR Denarius. 3.18g
CRISPINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right / CERES, Ceres holding grain-ears and sceptre.
RIC 276, RSC 1, BM 33
Ex Coin Galleries 2/17/99
Ex Harlan J. Berk
RI0085
Sosius
rjb_car_fratrescf198.jpg
202cf190 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "CARAVSIVS ET FRATRES SVI"
Jugate busts of Diocletian, Maximianus and Carausius left, Carausius holding spear over shoulder
Rev "COMES AVGGG"
Victory walking left holding wreath and branch
Camulodunum mint
S/P//C
RIC - (cf 202-3)
An interesting variant of the bust type with the spear, compare with the jugate Carausius in the “Best of Type” gallery.
2 commentsmauseus
rjb_al_22.jpg
2266 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate & cuirassed bust right
LAETITIA AVG
Laetitia standing left holding wreath and anchor(?)
London mint
S/A//ML
RIC 22
mauseus
rjb_all_22_03_06.jpg
2235 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate & cuirassed bust right
LAETITIA AVG
Laetitia standing left holding wreath and anchor(?)
London mint
S/A//MSL
RIC 22
mauseus
rjb_2015_01_01.jpg
2233 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate bust left wearing trabea
LAETITIA AVG
Laetitia standing left holding wreath and anchor
London mint
S/A//ML
RIC 22
1 commentsmauseus
rjb_car_06_09.jpg
235cf39 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP C CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev "FORTVN AVG"
Fortuna standing left holding baton and cornucopia
Camulodunum mint
S/C//C
RIC - (cf235)

The 4 o'clock die axis and slope in Fortuna's stance mean that this is, in all probability, an irregular issue
mauseus
Sep_Sev_RIC_288.jpg
24 Septimius Severus14 viewsSeptimius Severus
AR Denarius. 201-210 AD

SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right / RESTITVTOR VRBIS, Roma seated left on shield, holding palladium & spear.

RSC 606, RIC 288, Sear 6358

I think this was my very first denarius!
Sosius
Julia_Domna_Den_RIC_388c.jpg
24.5 Julia Domna13 viewsJULIA DOMNA
AR Denarius. (3.2g), 216 AD

IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG, draped bust right / VENVS GENETRIX, Venus seated left, extending right hand and holding sceptre in left.

RIC 388c [Caracalla], RSC 212, BMC 23B; VF
Ex. Ancient Roman Coins, Fort Collins, CO
Sosius
Julia_Domna_Den_RIC_557.jpg
24.5 Julia Domna11 viewsJULIA DOMNA
AR Denarius (3.2g), 196 AD

IVLIA AVGVSTA, Draped bust right / HILARITAS, Hilaritas standing left between two children (Caracalla and Geta) holding palm frond and cornucopia

RIC 557 (Sept Sev); Sear 1840, Cohen 79; aVF/F
Ex. Ancient Roman Coins, Fort Collins, CO
Sosius
Caracalla_RIC_222.jpg
25 Caracalla15 viewsCARACALLA
AR Denarius, 210-213 AD.

ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right / MARTI PACATORI, Mars standing front, head left, holding olive-branch, reversed spear & shield

Sear 6818, RIC 222, RSC 149, BMC 81 VF
Sosius
Caracalla_AE17_of_N_I.jpg
25 Caracalla11 viewsCaracalla
AE17 of Nikopolis ad Istrum.

Laureate head right / Bull grazing right, inscription begins below bull in exergue

Not in references VF
Sosius
Unident_Prov_-_30mm.jpg
25 Caracalla24 viewsCARACALLA
AE 31, Mopsus, Cilicia
Year 265=198 AD

Youthful Caracalla as Augustus, bust r. / Mule standing l., wreath and quiver on his back

SNG Levante 1344 (according to Curtis Clay: could be same obv. die, but different rev. die)

Thanks to FORVM member Curtis Clay for his assistance attributing this coin.
Sosius
Caracalla_RIC_283b~0.jpg
25 Caracalla36 viewsCARACALLA
AR Antoninianus, Rome, 216 AD, 4.72g

ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, radiate and draped bust right / PM TRP XVIIII COS IIII PP, radiate lion with thunderbolt left

RIC 283b, C 368. VF
Ex-Harlan J. Berk
1 commentsSosius
Caracalla_Tet_Prieur_1179.jpg
25 Caracalla18 viewsCARACALLA
AR Tetradrachm. 13g, 26mm
Syria, Laodicea ad Mare.
Struck circa 215-217AD

Laureate head right / Eagle standing facing, head left, holding wreath in beak; star between legs.

McAlee, Severan, Group 6, 40; Prieur 1179
aVF, Ex Amphora Coins. Hendin COA.
Sosius
Caracalla_Neocaesarea.jpg
25 Caracalla - Neocaesarea41 viewsCARACALLA
AE30, Neocaesarea, Pontus
14.03 grams.
198 AD-217 AD

Youthful bust of Caracalla right / Altar in Tetrastyle Temple

BMC6
1 commentsSosius
Caracalla_or_Geta_AE18_of_Nicop.jpg
25 Caracalla AE 18 of Nicopolis22 viewsCaracalla
AE 18, Nicopolis

Bust right / Tripod with snake

HrHJ (2012) 8.18.47.15

Thanks to FORVM member Jochen for his help identifying this coin.
1 commentsSosius
Caracalla_AE23_Nicea.jpg
25 Caracalla AE 23 of Nicea9 viewsCaracalla
AE 23 of Nicea

Radiate bust right / Three standards

(not in catalogs with radiate bust)
Sosius
Caracalla_and_Geta.jpg
25 Caracalla and Geta30 viewsCaracalla & Geta
AE28 Pentassarion of Markianopolis. Magistrate Flavius Ulpianus.

AV K M AV ANTWNINOC AV K L CEP GETAC. Confronted laureate draped busts / V FL OULPIANOU MARKIANOPOLITWN, draped bust of Serapis right, E to left.

Moushmov 464
Sosius
Caracalla_RIC_111~0.jpg
25 Caracalla Denarius15 viewsCaracalla
AR Denarius. 209 AD

ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right / PONTIF TR P XII COS III, Concordia seated left, holding patera and double cornucopiae.

RSC 465, RIC 111, Sear 6868
Sosius
rjb_all_02_08.jpg
2646 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate & cuirassed bust right
ORIENS AVG
Sol standing left holding globe
London mint
S/A//ML
RIC 26
mauseus
Geta_or_Caracalla_AE_prov.jpg
26 Geta (or Caracalla)13 viewsUnattributed AE provincial
Sosius
Roman_Prov.jpg
26 Geta?21 viewsNever nailed this one down. It was discussed here:

http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=70693.msg443086#msg443086

From FORVM member Pscipio:
"Probably Geta as Caesar rather than Caracalla, cf. SNG Aulock 7165 for what looks like an obverse die match (different reverse type). Note that a similar left facing portrait also exists for Caracalla, but laureate, thus as Augustus: SNG Aulock 7162, which is clearly from the same hand and therefore probably belongs to the same emission.

The countermark appears to be Howgego 68."
Sosius
33782q00.jpg
29 Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D.27 viewsSilver denarius, BMCRE V 234, RIC IV 161, RSC III 300a, EF, 2.693g, 19.8mm, 180o, Rome mint, 220 - 222 A.D.; obverse IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VICTORIA AVG, Victory flying left holding diadem in both hands, at each side a small shield, star right

Purchased from FORVM
Sosius
Julia_Paula_Pieces.jpg
29.1 Julia Paula40 viewsWhat happens when an eBay seller mails a crystallized coin in a plain white envelope?

At least I got my money refunded!
1 commentsSosius
rjb_cast10_07_05.jpg
354 viewsValerian and Gallienus
253-260
AE 23 mm
Rome Mint
2 commentsmauseus
Aurelian_RIC_63_Rome.jpg
3 Aurelian29 viewsAURELIAN
AE Antoninianus, Rome Mint, Late 274 A.D.
IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed / ORIENS AVG, Sol stg. facing, head l., with r. hand raised and holding globe in l. hand; at feet, on each side, a bound and std. captive, both head turned back; the captive on the l. is in oriental dress, the captive on the r. is bearded and in Gallic costume. ∈XXIR in emerge.
RIC temp 1795: http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/coin/1795
1 commentsSosius
Sev_Alex_SGI_3390_.jpg
30 Severus Alexander and Julia Mamaea28 viewsSEVERUS ALEXANDER & JULIA MAMAEA
AE27, Edessa, Mesopotamia

Confronting portraits of Severus Alexander and Julia Mamaea / City-goddess seated left, holding small temple; River-god swimming beneath her

SGI 3390
Sosius
rjb_al_33_2.jpg
3349 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate & cuirassed bust right
PAX AVG
Pax standing left holding branch and transverse sceptre
London mint
S/P//ML
RIC 33
mauseus
rjb_al_33.jpg
3331 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate & cuirassed bust right
PAX AVG
Pax standing left holding branch and transverse sceptre
London mint
S/P//ML
RIC 33
mauseus
rjb_all_01_07.jpg
33cf54 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate bust left wearing trabea
PAX AVG
Pax standing left holding branch and transverse sceptre
London mint
S/A//ML
RIC - (cf 33)
1 commentsmauseus
rjb_2011_07_05.jpg
3428 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate & cuirassed bust right
PIETAS AVG
Pietas standing left holding patera over altar and cornucopia
London mint
S/A//ML
RIC 34
mauseus
rjb_2016_06_09.jpg
3417 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate & cuirassed bust right
PIETAS AVG
Pietas standing left holding patera over altar and cornucopia
London mint
S/A//MSL
RIC 34, Burnett -
mauseus
rjb_al_35.jpg
3556 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate & cuirassed bust right
PROVIDENTIA AVG
Providentia standing left holding rudder and cornucopia
London mint
S/A//MSL
RIC 35
mauseus
rjb_al_cf35.jpg
35cf36 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
PROVID AVG
Providentia standing left holding globe and transverse sceptre
London mint
S/A//ML
RIC - (cf 35-8)
A coin of heavy weight and curious style, may be an irregular copy
mauseus
rjb_2011_03_06.jpg
3635 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate & cuirassed bust right
PROVID AVG
Providentia standing left holding globe and cornucopia
London mint
S/A//ML
RIC 36
1 commentsmauseus
rjb_gal_g367v_07_06.jpg
36723 viewsAntoninianus
Rome
Issue 6
PAX AVG
G 367v
mauseus
rjb_2010_03_06.jpg
36819 viewsAntoninianus
Rome
Issue 6
VICT GAL AVG
G 368
mauseus
rjb_al_36.jpg
36cf38 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate bust left wearing trabea
PROVIDENTIA AVG
Providentia standing left holding globe and transverse sceptre
London mint
S/A//ML
RIC - (cf 36)
mauseus
CaliDu01-2.jpg
37 AD Dedication of the temple of Divus Augustus288 viewsorichalcum dupondius (29mm). Rome mint. Struck AD 37.
CONSENSV SENAT·ET·EQ·ORDIN·P·Q·R Gaius seated left on curule chair
DIVVS AVGVSTVS S C radiate head of Augustus facing left
RIC (Gaius) 56; Cohen (August) 87; Foss (Roman historical coins) 60:4
ex old British (Oxford) collection

Minted under Caligula on the occasion of the dedication of a temple to Divus Agustus; the identity of the seated person is uncertain but probably Gaius. The legend 'ET EQ' refers to 'EQVES' (pl. EQVITES), 'horseman'. In the early empire, they were the holders of administrative posts of a class second only to the senators.
In the picture the obverse and reverse have accidentally been switched around.
Charles S
rjb_gal14_09_06.jpg
38024 viewsAntoninianus
Rome
Issue 6
VIRTVS AVG
G 380
mauseus
rjb_gal13_09_06.jpg
38220 viewsAntoninianus
Rome
Issue 6
IOVI STATORI
G 382
mauseus
1203.JPG
3915 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
PROVID DEOR
Providentia standing left holding baton over globe and cornucopia
London mint
S/P//ML
RIC 39
mauseus
rjb_cast11_07_05.jpg
418 viewsGallienus
253-268
AE 26 mm
Rome Mint
mauseus
Tacitus_Ant_RIC_145.jpg
4 Tacitus51 viewsTacitus. A.D. 275-276. Æ antoninianus (22.2 mm, 4.13 g, 6 h). Rome mint, A.D. 276. IMP CM CL TACITVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right / MARTI PACIF, Mars advancing left, holding branch, spear and shield; S in exergue. RIC 145. gVF, partially silvered.
Ex. Agora Auctions, Aug 2014, from collection of Dave Surber, founder of wildwinds.com
3 commentsSosius
Treb_Gall_Vimin.jpg
4 Trebonianus Gallus19 viewsTrebonianus Gallus
AE 25 of Viminacium

O: IMP C C VIB TREB GALLVS AV, laureate draped bust right

R: P M S COL VIM, Moesia standing facing between lion & bull, AN XIII (year AD 251/252) in ex.

Moushmov 56
Sosius
Treb_Gall_BMC_654.jpg
4 Trebonianus Gallus12 viewsTREBONIANUS GALLUS
Æ 30mm of Antioch, Syria.

O: AVTOK K G OVIB TPEB GALLOC CEB, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust r.; viewed from behind

R: ANTIOCEWN MHTRO KOLWN D-E, SC in ex, tetrastyle temple of Tyche of Antioch, river-god Orontes swimming at her feet; above shrine, ram leaping r.
Sear 2809, SNGCop 292, BMC 654, SGI 4350.

Coin discussed and authenticated on FORVM board
Sosius
Treb_Gall_fouree.jpg
4 Trebonianus Gallus12 viewsFouree Antoninianus
Sosius
Treb_Gall_RIC_39~0.jpg
4 Trebonianus Gallus14 viewsTREBONIANUS GALLUS
AR Antoninianus, 3.6g
251-253 AD

IMP CAE C VIB TREB GALLUS AVG, radiate & draped bust right / LIBERTAS AVGG, Liberty standing left with pilius & leaning on column.

Sear ’88: 2786, RIC 39, RSC 67.
Sosius
Justinian_Decanum_Rome_1.jpg
4. Justinian I 18 viewsJUSTINIAN I
AE Decanummium, Rome Mint, 527-565

DN IVSTINIANVS P AVG, Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, holding cross on globe and shield / Large I, star to left and right, all within wreath

SB308, MIB 228 aF
Sosius
Justinian_SB_308.jpg
4. Justinian I 23 viewsJUSTINIAN I
AE Decanummium, Rome Mint, 527-565

DN IVSTINIANVS P AVG, Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, holding cross on globe and shield / Large I, star to left and right, all within wreath

SB308, MIB 228 VF/EF
Sosius
rjb_all_40cf_10_05.jpg
40cf38 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate & cuirassed bust right
ROMAE AETER
Tetrastyle temple, figure (Roma?) standing left within
London mint
-/-//ML
RIC - (cf 40)
mauseus
rjb_2016_09_01.jpg
4110 viewsClaudius 41-54 AD
Tetradrachm
Alexandria in Egypt
Year 6
Rev: Messalina, 3rd wife of Claudius, holding two small children (Claudia Octavia and Britannicus) in outstretched hand
RPC I 5164
mauseus
rjb_gallienus_416cf_08_05.jpg
416cf27 viewsDenarius
Rome
Issue 6
GENIVS AVG
G - (cf 416)
mauseus
rjb_all_43_07_06.jpg
4241 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
SALVS AVG
Salus standing right feeding serpent in arms
London mint
S/A//MSL
RIC 42
mauseus
rjb_2012_11_19.jpg
4233 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
SALVS AVG
Salus standing right feeding serpent in arms
London mint
S/P//ML
RIC 42
mauseus
rjb_all_43_01_06.jpg
4335 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate & cuirassed bust right
SALVS AVG
Salus standing left, serpent rising from altar
London mint
S/A//MSL
RIC 43
mauseus
rjb_al_44.jpg
4437 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate & cuirassed bust right
SALVS AVG
Salus standing left feeding serpent rising from altar
London mint
S/A//ML
RIC 44
mauseus
rjb_2010_08_02.jpg
45bis25 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate & cuirassed bust right
SOLI I[NV]ICTO
Sol standing left, hand raised and holding globe, between two captives
London mint
-/-//ML
RIC - ; Burnett -; Hunter - ; ANS -
mauseus
rjb_gal15_09_06.jpg
47022 viewsAntoninianus
Rome
Issue 7
LIBERAL AVG
G 470
mauseus
rjb_gal16_09_06.jpg
47727 viewsAntoninianus
Rome
Issue 7
FELICIT AVG
G 477
mauseus
rjb_gal17_09_06.jpg
49430 viewsAntoninianus
Rome
Issue 7
ANNONA AVG
G 494
1 commentsmauseus
rjb_cast7_07_05.jpg
530 viewsSalonina
253-268
AE (bi-metallic) 39 mm
Rome Mint
mauseus
rjb_gal19_09_06.jpg
50023 viewsAntoninianus
Rome
Issue 7
AEQVITAS AVG
G 500
mauseus
rjb_gal18_09_06.jpg
50013 viewsAntoninianus
Rome
Issue 7
AEQVITAS AVG
G 500
mauseus
rjb_gal20_09_06.jpg
51421 viewsAntoninianus
Rome
Issue 7
VOTIS X
G 514
mauseus
rjb_gal21_09_06.jpg
54115 viewsAntoninianus
Rome
Issue 8
INDVLGENT AVG
G 541
mauseus
rjb_gal23_09_06.jpg
549cf15 viewsAntoninianus
Rome
Issue 8
SECVRIT ORBIS
G 549 or 555
mauseus
rjb_al_55.jpg
5591 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate & cuirassed bust right
VIRTVS AVG
Galley left
London mint
(pellet?)QL
RIC 55
The coin exhibits a raised mark to the left of the Q, a pellet perhaps?
1 commentsmauseus
rjb_al_55_2.jpg
5555 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate & cuirassed bust right
VIRTVS AVG
Galley left
London mint
QL
RIC 55
mauseus
rjb_al_55_3.jpg
5548 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate & cuirassed bust right
VIRTVS AVG
Galley left
London mint
QL
RIC 55
mauseus
rjb_all_03_06.jpg
5534 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate & cuirassed bust right
VIRTVS AVG
Galley right
London mint
QL
RIC 55
An interesting variant with a mastless galley right
mauseus
rjb_2016_07_06.jpg
5511 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate & cuirassed bust right
VIRTVS AVG
Galley right
London mint
QL
RIC 55
mauseus
rjb_2010_05_01.jpg
55116 viewsAntoninianus
Rome
Issue 8
PVDICITIA
G 551
mauseus
rjb_gal22_09_06.jpg
55319 viewsAntoninianus
Rome
Issue 8
PAX PVBLICA
G 553
mauseus
rjb_car1_12_07.jpg
560cf53 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
AE laureate
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev "FELICITAS AVG"?
Galley left
London mint?
-/-/RSR
RIC - (cf 560)
A possible trial strike on a thick, heavy flan (approx. 7 grammes). The small obverse die probably from a "denarius", the larger reverse from an antoninianus
mauseus
rjb_2012_10_24.jpg
560cf27 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
AE Laureate
Obv "[.....] CARAVSI[.........]"
Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev "[FELICITAS A]VG"
Galley right
RSR mint?
RIC - (cf 560, 607)
mauseus
rjb_gal24_09_06.jpg
57429 viewsAntoninianus
Rome
Issue 9
ABVNDANTIA AVG
G 574
mauseus
rjb_gal26_09_06.jpg
57822 viewsAntoninianus
Rome
Issue 9
AETERNITATI AVG
G 578
mauseus
rjb_all_58_09_05.jpg
5840 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate & cuirassed bust right
VIRTVS AVG
Galley left containing victory facing left
London mint
QL
RIC 58
mauseus
rjb_gal27_09_06.jpg
58621 viewsAntoninianus
Rome
Issue 9
FORTVNA REDVX
G 586
mauseus
rjb_gal28_09_06.jpg
58819 viewsAntoninianus
Rome
Issue 9
VICTORIA AET
G 588
mauseus
rjb_gal25_09_06.jpg
59923 viewsAntoninianus
Rome
Issue 9
FIDES MILITVM
G 599
mauseus
Probus_RIC_V_Siscia_767.jpg
6 Probus34 viewsPROBUS
AE Antoninianus, Siscia Mint
IMP CM AVR PROBVS PF AVG, Radiate bust left, wearing imperial mantle, holding eagle-tipped scepter / SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadriga galloping left, holding whip, right hand raised, XXIV below
RIC V-2 Siscia 767; F/VF, encrustations.
Sosius
Probus_Ant_RIC_911_gallery.jpg
6 Probus54 viewsProbus.
276-282 AD
Æ antoninianus (21.9 mm, 3.84 g, 6 h), Cyzicus Mint, 281 AD
IMP C M AVR PROBVS PF AVG, radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding eagle-tipped scepter / SOLI INVICTO, Sol driving facing quadriga, head left, holding whip and raising hand; CM//XXIQ in exergue. RIC 911. gVF.
Ex Agora Auctions
2 commentsSosius
Valerian_RIC_285.jpg
6 Valerian I27 viewsVALERIAN I
AR Antoninianus, 3.9g
Eastern Mint. 255-256

O: IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right

R: PIETAS AVGG, Valerian and Gallienus standing facing, sacrificing over lit altar

RIC V-I, 285 (Asia-Antioch); Göbl 1684e (Samosata)
Sosius
Valerian_AE_Thessalonica.jpg
6 Valerian I37 viewsValerian
AE of Thessalonica.

O: radiate, draped bust right.

R: KOINON QECCALWN, Athena, with aegis and spear,
advancing r. Delta in l. field.

No reference, but very similar to my Gallienus that was added to wildwinds.com
Sosius
rhodes.jpg
6023 viewsPseudo-Autonomous
Rhodes
AE 35mm (drachm)
c.31BC - 60AD
Obverse: Head of Dionysus right, radiate and with ivy leaf wreath
Reverse: Nike, right, with palm and aphlastron, on prow
Magistrate: Hypsikles
RPC I 2761
As this coin is listed in RPC I there is enough justification, for me at least, to include it in my "Diverse Roman" gallery.
mauseus
rjb_gal29_09_06.jpg
60022 viewsAntoninianus
Rome
Issue 9
FIDES MILITVM
G 600
mauseus
rjb_gal1_06_09.jpg
60316 viewsAntoninianus
Rome
Issue 9
PAX AVG
G 603
mauseus
rjb_2019_05_02.jpg
606cf7 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
AE antoninianus
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev "FELICITA AV"
Galley left
London mint?
-/-/SRS
RIC - (cf 606ff)
mauseus
rjb_2012_12_04.jpg
6128 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
ABVNDANT AVG
Abundantia standing right pouring from a cornucopia
Camulodunum mint
S/P//C
RIC 61
mauseus
rjb_gallienus_658_08_05.jpg
65821 viewsDenarius
Rome
Issue 9
MARTI PACIFERO
G 658
mauseus
rjb_gallienus_659_08_05.jpg
65929 viewsDenarius
Rome
Issue 9
ABVNDANTIA AVG
G 659
mauseus
rjb_gallienus_661_08_05.jpg
66123 viewsDenarius
Rome
Issue 9
AETERNITAS AVG
G 661
mauseus
rjb_gallienus_670_08_05.jpg
67018 viewsDenarius
Rome
Issue 9
SECVRIT PERPET
G 670
mauseus
rjb_gal_den_07_08.jpg
67017 viewsDenarius
Rome
Issue 9
SECVRIT PERPET
G 670
mauseus
rjb_car_secvrit_07_07.jpg
674cf43 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP C M A CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "SECVRITA[S PERP]"
Securitas stg left leaning on a short column
"Continental" mint
RIC - (cf 674ff)
This is a very odd coin. It is of the style that RIC calls "Continental" but not Rouen (702-5), although the reverse type is one of Rouen. It is also noteworthy for the obverse nomenclature M A CARAVSIVS.
mauseus
rjb_gallienus_682_08_05.jpg
68217 viewsDenarius
Rome
Issue 9
ORIENS AVG
G 682
mauseus
rjb_2014_11_02.jpg
68236 viewsDenarius
Rome
Issue 9
ORIENS AVG
G 682 var
Whilst this is typologically 682 the obverse legend/bust type isn't noted in MIR
1 commentsmauseus
rjb_al_69.jpg
6931 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate & cuirassed bust right
FIDES MILITVM
Fides standing left holding two standards
Camulodunum mint
S/P//C
RIC 69
mauseus
rjb_2012_12_05.jpg
6915 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate & cuirassed bust right
FIDES MILITVM
Fides standing left holding two standards
Camulodunum mint
S/P//C
RIC 69
mauseus
rjb_2010_06_01.jpg
69cf18 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF I AVG
Radiate & cuirassed bust right
FIDES MILITVM
Fides standing left holding two standards
Camulodunum mint
S/A//C
RIC - (cf69ff)
mauseus
Gallienus_Unident_Prov.jpg
7 Gallienus39 viewsGallienus
Æ27 of Smyrna, Ionia

O: AVT K Π ΛIK_[IN] ΓAΛΛIHNOC, Laureate draped cuirassed bust right

R: CMYPNAIΩN Γ N_EΩKOPΩN[..] IΠ[ΠIKOV] ΦIΛH_TOV, the Amazon Smyrna, turreted and cuirassed, standing left, holding bipennis and pelta right.

SNG Copenhagen 1410var

Thanks to FORVM member Andreas Reich and www258pair.com for help IDing this coin.
Sosius
Gallienus_RIC_181.jpg
7 Gallienus14 viewsAE Antoninianus

IMP C P LIC GALLIENVS AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right / VIRTVS AVGG, Mars standing left, leaning on shield at feet left, holding spear in left hand

RIC 181(j), Göbl 38
Sosius
Gallienus_RIC_494_var.jpg
7 Gallienus16 viewsGALLIENUS
AE Antoninianus, Milan Mint

O: GALLIENVS AVG, Radiate bare bust right with wavy base, slight traces of drapery

R: ORIENS AVG, Sol standing l., holding whip, right hand raised, P in ex
Göbl 1211c Milan (S)
RIC 494 var (bust type)

VF, flat spot on reverse
Sosius
Gallienus_Unident.jpg
7 Gallienus9 viewsGALLIENUS
AE Antoninianus

O: GALLIENVS AVG, Radiate head right

R: AETERNITAS AVG, Radiate Sol standing left, raising right hand and holding globe raised in left. Γ in left field.

Göbl 577a
Sosius
Gallienus_SNG_Cop_355.jpg
7 Gallienus11 viewsGallienus
AE23 of Thessalonica.

O: AYT K PO LIE GALLNOVC, radiate, draped bust right.

R: KOINON QECCALWN, Athena, with aegis and spear,
advancing r. Delta in l. field.

SNG Cop. 355
(This coin on wildwinds.com)
Sosius
Gallienus_RIC_607.jpg
7 Gallienus24 viewsGALLIENUS
Antoninianus, 3.5g, Antioch

O: GALLIENVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right

R: FIDES AVG, Mercury standing left, holding purse and caduceus, PXV in exergue

RIC V-1 (S) 607; C219
Sosius
Gallienus_Cohen_1322.jpg
7 Gallienus16 viewsGALLIENUS
AE Antoninianus, Rome Mint
261-262 AD

O: GALLIENVS AVG, Radiate bust r.

R: VIRTVS AVGVSTI, Mars standing l., holding olive branch and vertical spear, r. foot on helmet, X in l. field
Cunetio hoard 1278, Normanby hoard 264, Minster hoard 58,
Appleshaw hoard 68,
Göbl 0636a;
Lavilledieu hoard 53 & 54.
Cohen 1322
not in RIC

EF, worn reverse die
Sosius
Gallienus_PAX_PVBLICA.jpg
7 Gallienus19 viewsGallienus
AE Antoninianus

O: GALLIENVS AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right

R: PAX PVBLICA , Pax seated left, raising branch in right hand and holding scepter in left. V in exergue.

Göbl 553g
Sosius
Gallienus_RIC_230_Panther.jpg
7 Gallienus39 viewsGALLIENUS
BI Antoninianus.
Sole reign, 253-268 AD

O: GALLIENVS AVG, radiate bust right

R: LIBERO P CONS AVG, panther walking left.

RIC 230, RSC 586; Sear 10281. aVF
Sosius
Gallienus_RIC_283_-_Pegasus.jpg
7 Gallienus19 viewsGALLIENUS
AE Antoninianus, Rome Mint

O: GALLIENVS AVG, Radiate bust r.

R: SOLI CONS AVG, Pegasus springing right

RIC V-1, Rome 283 (S)
Sosius
Gallienus_RIC_553_hold.jpg
7 Gallienus13 viewsGALLIENVS
AE Antoninianus

GALLIENVS AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right / AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing left, holding scales in right hand and cornucopia in left. VI in right field.

Ric 553, Göbl 500
Sosius
Gallienus_RIC_207_-_Goat.jpg
7 Gallienus19 viewsGallienus
AE Antoninianus, "Zoo Issue"

GALLIENVS AVG IOVI CONS AVG, Radiate head right / Goat standing left. Digamma in exergue.

RIC 207, Göbl 730
Sosius
Gallienus_RIC_164_Centaur.jpg
7 Gallienus21 viewsGALLIENUS
AE Antoninianus, "Zoo Issue" - Centaur

GALLIENVS AVG, Radiate head right / APOLLINI CONS AVG, Centaur walking left, one forefoot raised, globe in right hand, rudder (or trophy) over shoulder. H in exergue.


Sosius
Gallienus_Perga~0.jpg
7 Gallienus32 viewsGALLIENUS
Æ 10 Assaria of Pamphylia, Perge/Perga, 253-268. AD

Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; I (mark of value) before / Zeus seated left, holding phiale and scepter; eagle at feet to left.

SNG France -; SNG Copenhagen -; SNG von Aulock -. VF

Not in references, but identical coin sold in CNG 217, Lot 283
Sosius
VESPSE06-2.jpg
70 AD: Vespasian - Defeat of the Jewish revolt and fall of Jerusalem345 viewsSestertius (28.6g, 37mm, 6h). Roman mint. Struck AD 71.
IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM TR P P COS III laureate head right
IVDAEA CAPTA / S C [in ex.] Judaea seated, in attidue of sorrow, at the foot of a palm tree; behind Vespasian standing in military dress holding spear and parazonium; left foot on a helmet.
RIC 427 (scarce); BMC 543; Cohen 239
1 commentsCharles S
2550340.jpg
70.5 Hanniballianus14 viewsROMAN IMPERIAL
Hanniballianus
Rex Regum, AD 335-337. Æ Follis (15mm, 1.73 g, 12h). Const. mint, 6th officina. Struck AD 336-337.

O: Bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
R: Euphrates reclining right, leaning upon scepter; reed behind, overturned urn below, CONSς.

RIC VII 147; LRBC 1036. Good Fine, dark green patina with some earthen deposits.

Ex CNG
Sosius
rjb_gal30_09_06.jpg
71227 viewsAntoninianus
Rome
Issue 10
SOLI CONS AVG
G 712
mauseus
rjb_gal31_09_06.jpg
71330 viewsAntoninianus
Rome
Issue 10
LIBERO P CONS AVG
G 713
mauseus
rjb_gal32_09_06.jpg
72736 viewsAntoninianus
Rome
Issue 10
DIANAE CONS AVG
G 727
mauseus
rjb_gall1_09_06.jpg
72830 viewsAntoninianus
Rome
Issue 10
DIANAE CONS AVG
G 728
1 commentsmauseus
rjb_gall2_09_06.jpg
72916 viewsAntoninianus
Rome
Issue 10
HERCVLI CONS AVG
G 729
mauseus
rjb_2011_08_09.jpg
72cf16 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
IOVI CONSERVAT
Jupiter standing left holding thunderbolt and vertical sceptre
Camulodunum mint
S/P//C
RIC - (cf72ff)
mauseus
_arles_RIC_VII_347_2.jpg
73 Constantius II, Arles RIC VII 342v (added to wildwinds)21 viewsConstantius II
AE18, 2.2g, Arles. 330-348 AD.

FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right / GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields, standing left and right of two standards with thin poles and small badges. Star between standards. Mintmark SCONST.

RIC VII Arles 347v. Sear (2014) 17676 EF, irregular flan

Note: Coin unique due to star placement. Added to Wildwinds in May 2011
Sosius
rjb_gall3_09_06.jpg
74918 viewsAntoninianus
Rome
Issue 10
SOLI CONS AVG
G 749
mauseus
rjb_2017_01_14.jpg
7615 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
LAETIT AVG
Laetitia standing left holding wreath and rudder
Camulodunum mint
S/P//C
RIC 76
mauseus
rjb_2012_09_27.jpg
779cf25 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP C[ARAVSIVS....] AVG"
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev "FELICITAS AV"
Galley left, waves below
Unmarked mint
RIC - (cf 779)
mauseus
rjb_all_79_03_05.jpg
7934 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate & cuirassed bust right
LAETITIA AVG
Laetitia standing left holding wreath and rudder
Camulodunum mint
S/P//C
RIC 79
mauseus
rjb_al_79.jpg
7935 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
LAETITIA AVG
Laetitia standing left holding wreath and rudder
Camulodunum mint
S/P//C
RIC 79
mauseus
rjb_2014_07_02.jpg
7917 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate, cuirassed bust right
LAETITIA AVG
Laetitia standing left holding wreath and rudder
Camulodunum mint
S/P//CL
RIC 79
mauseus
rjb_car_gal_03_07.jpg
822bis50 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "LAETITI AVG"
Laetitia standing left holding wreath and baton
Unmarked mint
RIC - (822 bis)
mauseus
rjb_car_leatitia_05_05.jpg
822cf32 viewsCarausius 287-93
Antoninianus
Obv"[IMP CARAV]SIVS PF AV"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right with small right arm holding?
Rev "[LAETIT]A AV"
Laetitia standing right holding vertical sceptre and wreath
Unmarked mint
-/-//-
RIC - (cf 822ff)
mauseus
rjb_2012_03_30.jpg
82cf29 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF I AVG
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
MONETA AVG
Moneta standing left holding scales and cornucopia
Camulodunum mint
S/P//C
RIC - (cf 82 cuirassed bust)
mauseus
rjb_2011_07_01.jpg
8330 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
MONETA AVG
Moneta standing left holding scales and cornucopia
Camulodunum mint
S/P//C
RIC 83
mauseus
rjb_al_86.jpg
8632 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate & cuirassed bust right
PAX AVG
Pax standing left holding branch and vertical sceptre
Camulodunum mint
S/P//C
RIC 86
mauseus
rjb_2012_03_36.jpg
8619 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
PAX AVG
Pax standing left holding branch and vertical sceptre
Camulodunum mint
S/P//C
RIC 86
mauseus
rjb_gal7_09_06.jpg
87221 viewsAntoninianus
Gaul
Issue 1
GERMANICVS MAX V
G 872
mauseus
rjb_gal6_09_06.jpg
87215 viewsAntoninianus
Gaul
Issue 1
GERMANICVS MAX V
G 872
mauseus
rjb_gal9_09_06.jpg
872cf17 viewsAntoninianus
Gaul
Issue 1
GERMANICVS MAX
G - (cf 872)
mauseus
rjb_gal8_09_06.jpg
88220 viewsAntoninianus
Gaul
Issue 1
VIRTVS AVGG
G 882
mauseus
rjb_all3_09_06.jpg
88cf44 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PIV FEL AVG or possibly ....PIVS FE....
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
PAX AVG
Pax standing left holding branch and vertical sceptre
Camulodunum mint
S/P//C
RIC - (cf 88)
mauseus
rjb_2018_06_05.jpg
899 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF IN AVG
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
PAX AVG
Pax standing left holding branch and vertical sceptre
Camulodunum mint
S/P//C
RIC 89
mauseus
rjb_gal10_09_06.jpg
89020 viewsAntoninianus
Gaul
Issue 2
VIRT GALLIENI AVG
G 890
mauseus
rjb_2016_02_21.jpg
907 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF I AVG
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
PAX AVG
Pax standing left holding branch and transverse sceptre
Camulodunum mint
S/P//C
RIC 90
mauseus
rjb_gall7_10_07.jpg
97917 viewsAntoninianus
Milan
Issue 2
COHH PRAET VI P VI F
G 979
mauseus
rjb_gall3_10_07.jpg
98615 viewsAntoninianus
Milan
Issue 2
LEG I ITAL VI P VI F
G 986
mauseus
rjb_gall5_10_07.jpg
98817 viewsAntoninianus
Milan
Issue 2
LEG I MIN VI P VI F
G 988
mauseus
rjb_gall4_10_07.jpg
98814 viewsAntoninianus
Milan
Issue 2
LEG I MIN VI P VI F
G 988
mauseus
rjb_all4_09_06.jpg
99cf36 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PI FE IN AVG or possibly ....P FELIX AVG
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
PROVID AVG
Providentia standing left holding baton and cornucopia, globe at feet
Camulodunum mint
S/P//C
RIC - (cf 99-101)
mauseus
39792q00.jpg
AHG 234 . The Antioch Hoard of Gallienus . Gallienus, August 253 - 24 March 268 A.D.23 viewsGallienus, August 253 - 24 March 268 A.D.
Billon antoninianus . 2.927g, 19.7mm, 180o, Antioch mint, 254 - 255 A.D.
Obverse : IMP C P LIC GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse VICTORIAE AVGG, soldier standing right, vertical spear in right, resting left on shield
Göbl MIR 1566d (Antioch), SRCV III 10397 (Antioch), RIC V 300 (Viminacium), AHG 234 (this coin)
From the Antioch Hoard of Gallienus . Ex Forum
Vladislav D
55535q00.jpg
AHG 272 . The Antioch Hoard of Gallienus . Salonina, August 254 - c. September 268 A.D.22 viewsSalonina, August 254 - c. September 268 A.D.
Billon antoninianus . 2.763g, 20.1mm, 0o, Syrian mint, 258 - 260 A.D.
Obverse : CORN SALONINA AVG, diademed and draped bust right, crescent behind
Reverse : CONCORDIA AVGG, emperor and empress standing confronted, clasping hands
Göbl MIR 1691p (Samosata), SRCV III 10630 (uncertain Syrian mint), RIC V 63 (Antioch), Cohen 31, AHG 272 (this coin)
From the Antioch Hoard of Gallienus . Ex Forum
Vladislav D
Antiochus_IX.jpg
Antiochus IX Cyzicenus, 114 - 95 B.C.24 viewsSeleukid Kingdom, Antiochus IX Cyzicenus, 114 - 95 B.C. Ae 18. Weight 5.2g. Obv: Diademed head rt. Rev: Pallas Athena rt. holding shield and spear ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΤΙΟΧΟΥ ΦΙΛΟΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ. BMC 93.23
Antiochus IX Eusebes, ruler of the Greek Seleucid kingdom, was the son of Antiochus VII Sidetes and Cleopatra Thea. Upon the death of his father in Parthia and his uncle Demetrius II Nicator's return to power (129 BC), his mother sent him to Cyzicus on the Bosporus, thus giving him his nickname. He returned to Syria in 116 BC to claim the Seleucid throne from half-brother/cousin Antiochus VIII Grypus, with whom he eventually divided Syria. He was killed in battle by the son of Grypus, Seleucus VI Epiphanes in 96 BC.
ddwau
COCK_BOTH.jpg
Athens New Style Tetradrachm 146/5 BC19 viewsObs : Athena Parthenos right in tri-form helmet
34 mm Thompson issue 18
Thompson catalogue:Obs Gaziantep 146?:Rev NEW?
Rev : ΑΘΕ ethnic
Owl standing on overturned panathenaic amphora
below control mark ME
2 magistrates : XAPΙ ΗPA
RF symbol : Cock with Palm
All within a surrounding olive wreath
cicerokid
greek1.jpg
ATTICA,Athens. AR tetradrachm72 viewsThomson 31b/bmc 445/ 135-134bc
obv: Helmeted head of Athena bust R.
rev: Owl std.r.head facing on amphora. Magistrates name in field
Asklepios std.l. holding serpent. intwined scepter. Z on amphora,delta
I below. all within wreath
4 commentshill132
AUGUSTUS_Cistophorus_Pergamum.JPG
AUGUSTUS. AR Cistophorus (3 denarii) of Pergamum. Struck c.19 - 18 B.C.604 viewsObverse: IMP IX TR PO V. Bare head of Augustus facing right.
Reverse: Triumphal arch surmounted by Augustus in facing triumphal quadriga; IMP IX TR POT V on architrave; S P R SIGNIS RECEPTIS in three lines within arch opening, standards at either side.
RIC I : 510 | BMC : 703 | RSC : 298.

This coin commemorates Augustus' triumphant agreement with the Parthians in 20 B.C. under which they returned the legionary standards captured from Crassus who was defeated and killed at Carrhae thirty-three years earlier (53 B.C.) Augustus installed these standards in the Temple of Mars Ultor.
The reverse of the coin shows the triumphal arch which was awarded to Augustus on the occasion of his recovery of the standards. This was the second triumphal arch awarded to Augustus and, like the earlier arch which had been constructed in 29 BC to honour his victory over Cleopatra, this second arch, which archaeological evidence suggests may actually have incorporated the first arch, stood in close proximity to the Temple of Divus Julius at the southern entrance to the Roman Forum.

This is the rarest cistophorus struck during the reign of Augustus with the exception of the exceedingly rare issues featuring a sphinx.
6 commentsdivvsavgvstvs
Baktria,_Diodotos_I,_AR_tetradrachm_-_Holt_A6_4_(this_coin)~0.jpg
Baktrian Kingdom, Diodotos I, ca. 255/250-240 BC, AR Tetradrachm 27 viewsDiademed head of Diodotos I right.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ANTIOXOY Zeus advancing left hurling thunderbolt, eagle at feet, ΙΔΤ (Iota, Delta, Sampi) monogram in inner left field.

Holt A6.4 (this coin); Kritt A6 (plate 2 A6 this coin); CSE 1294 (this coin); SNG Lockett 3109 (this coin ID: SNGuk_0300_3109); Pozzi 2945 (this coin); ESM 717α (this coin); SNG ANS 77; SC 631.a; Bopearachchi 2E; Mitchiner 64d; Qunduz 6; HGC 9, 243.
Mint "A" - Ai Khanoum

(26 mm, 15.73 g, 6h).
Herakles Numismatics; ex- Houghton Collection (CSE 1294); ex- Lockett Collection (SNGLockett 3109); ex- Pozzi Collection: Naville Sale I (1921) 2945 (sold for CHF 35).

This coin has a very distinguished provenance and has been published as plate coin in four reference works.

The emission with the ΙΔΤ (Iota, Delta Sampi) mint control mark is the most abundant of the Diodotid issues, representing about 13% of known Diodotid precious metal coins. The same control carries over into the early coinage of Euthydemos, although eventually displaced by the PK control monogram after 208/6 BC when Antiochos III captured Ai Khanoum while Euthydemos remained besieged at Baktra, after which it appears that Baktra/Balkh assumed the role of primary royal mint in Baktria. In is notable that the Archaic Greek letter Sampi forms the bottom of the ΙΔΤ monogram. It is an Archaic Greek form of a double Sigma that persisted in Greek dialects of Asia Minor. Many Greek settlers from Asia Minor migrated to Baktria, including the illustrious ruler Euthydemos from Magnesia in either Lydia, or Ionia. The archaic Greek Sampi possibly traveled to Baktria with the earliest Greek settlers from Asia Minor.
n.igma
john.jpg
Basil II & Constantine VIII, (976-1028 A.D.)53 viewsÆ “Anonymous” Follis
Class A2
O: EMMANOVHΛ, Nimbate bust of Christ facing, wearing pallium and colobium and holding book of Gospels; IC – XC in fields to left and right.
R: + IhSЧS / [X]RISTЧ[S] / bASILЄЧ / bASILЄ / ·, legend in four lines.
8.68g
26mm
SBCV 1793
5 commentsMat
20110425-205933.jpg
Bohemond III, Majority, (1163-1201 CE) Billion denier55 viewsObverse: +BOAMVNDVS Helmeted head l., mail compsoed of crescents, star r., crescent l.
Reverse: +AMTIOCNIA cross pattee with crescent pointing downwards in second angle.
Mint: Antioch
Date: 1163-1201 CE
.98 gm 17mm
Malloy 214.65
wileyc
stiched_caracalla.jpg
Bythnia Caracalla AE23 AD209-AD21128 viewsDie axis 135 degrees
Wadding 459
Paul D3
T1118LG.jpg
C POBLICIUS Q F. 80 BC91 viewsHelmeted bust of Roma right / Hercules strangling the Nemean lion; bow and quiver at left; club below. Cr. 380/1.

POBLICIA, a plebian family, but of consular rank. Its cognomen on coins is Malleolus. There are fifteen varieties, all of silver, on some of which a small hammer or mallett is engraved, evidently alluding to the surname Malleolus.

The first of Heracles' twelve labours, set by King Eurystheus (his cousin) was to slay the Nemean lion.

According to one version of the myth, the Nemean lion took women as hostages to its lair in a cave near Nemea, luring warriors from nearby towns to save the damsel in distress. After entering the cave, the warrior would see the woman (usually feigning injury) and rush to her side. Once he was close, the woman would turn into a lion and kill the warrior, devouring his remains and giving the bones to Hades.

Heracles wandered the area until he came to the town of Cleonae. There he met a boy who said that if Heracles slew the Nemean lion and returned alive within 30 days, the town would sacrifice a lion to Zeus; but if he did not return within 30 days or he died, the boy would sacrifice himself to Zeus.[3] Another version claims that he met Molorchos, a shepherd who had lost his son to the lion, saying that if he came back within 30 days, a ram would be sacrificed to Zeus. If he did not return within 30 days, it would be sacrificed to the dead Heracles as a mourning offering.

While searching for the lion, Heracles fetched some arrows to use against it, not knowing that its golden fur was impenetrable; when he found and shot the lion and firing at it with his bow, he discovered the fur's protective property when the arrow bounced harmlessly off the creature's thigh. After some time, Heracles made the lion return to his cave. The cave had two entrances, one of which Heracles blocked; he then entered the other. In those dark and close quarters, Heracles stunned the beast with his club and, using his immense strength, strangled it to death. During the fight the lion bit off one of his fingers. Others say that he shot arrows at it, eventually shooting it in the unarmoured mouth.

After slaying the lion, he tried to skin it with a knife from his belt, but failed. He then tried sharpening the knife with a stone and even tried with the stone itself. Finally, Athena, noticing the hero's plight, told Heracles to use one of the lion's own claws to skin the pelt.

When he returned on the thirtieth day carrying the carcass of the lion on his shoulders, King Eurystheus was amazed and terrified. Eurystheus forbade him ever again to enter the city; in future he was to display the fruits of his labours outside the city gates. Eurystheus warned him that the tasks set for him would become increasingly difficult. He then sent Heracles off to complete his next quest, which was to destroy the Lernaean hydra.

The Nemean lion's coat was impervious to the elements and all but the most powerful weapons. Others say that Heracles' armour was, in fact, the hide of the lion of Cithaeron.
ecoli
cjd1.jpg
Caracalla & Julia Domna, 20 viewsObverse: ANTWNINOC AVGOVCTOC IOVLIA DOMNA, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust of Caracalla right facing draped bust of Julia Domna left.
Reverse: UP KUNTILIANOU MARKIANOPOLITWN, Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopiae, Epsilon in upper left field.
Varbanov 1054 ; AMNG 678. 26.3 mm diam., 12.3 g
NORMAN K
coin755.JPG
Caracalla, Stobi14 viewsReverse: Serapis with snake

From whitetd49

I think I see MVNICI STOB on the reverse, this die is unlisted, unique!
ecoli
coin644.jpg
CILICIA, Mallos. 2nd-1st centuries BC. Æ Coin #64448 viewsCILICIA, Mallos. 2nd-1st centuries BC. Æ (22mm, 10.88 g, 12h).
Head of Apollo right / Athena seated left, holding Nike and spear; monogram to left.
SNG France -; SNG Levante -; SNG Levante Supp. -; SNG Pfalzer -; BMC 29. VF, brown patina. Scarce.
Coin #644
cars100
dcl.jpg
Claudius II Gothicus, 268-270 CE.20 viewsBronze Antoninianus, Minister 478
Obverse: DIVO CLAUVDIO, radiate head right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO, garlanded altar with flames above, no decoration on front. 16.7 mm., 1.8 g.
Note: Although a variation of this coin is in the RIC and Cohen, these sources generally refer to the type with a front divided into four sections (RIC 261). This type of garlanded altar, lit altar was not described and published until the discovery of the Minister Hoard, discovered after RIC was written.
NORMAN K
Clodius_Albinus_2_RIC_11.jpg
Clodius Albinus Denarius RIC 11, RSC 61, BMC 43 84 viewsD CL SEPT ALBIN CAES, bare head right / ROMAE AETERNAE, Roma seated left on shield, holding palladium & spear.
Maximum Diameter: 17.7 mm
Weight: 3.20 g
3 commentsTheEmpireNeverEnded
c_gallus~0.jpg
CONCORDIA MILITVM, Thessalonica; RIC VIII 16750 viewsConstantius Gallus, Caesar, AE Centenionalis. Thessalonica Mint, 23mm; FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed & cuirassed bust right / CONCORDIA MILITVM, Gallus standing facing, head left, holding two labara, each bearing a Chi-Rho; G-//*TSE*. LRBC 1667. Thessalonica. RIC VIII 167.Podiceps
comar.jpg
Constans RIC VIII 254 Siscia30 viewsObverse: DN CONSTA-NS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right;
A behind bust
Reverse: FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman who is wearing a pointed cap, sitting on ground, arms up.
Mintmark: dot episilon SIS dot, A in left field. 25.3mm., 4.6 g.
sold 5-2018

1 commentsNORMAN K
constans199s2.jpg
Constans, RIC VIII 199a Siscia25 viewsConstans, AE 4,
Obverse: DN CONSTANS PF AVG, diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor standing facing, head left, holding Phoenix on globe and holding a labarum on galley. Victory sits on helm.
Mintmark episilon SIS (symbol1) in ex. Siscia. 17 mm, 2.0 g.
NORMAN K
cg53.jpg
Constantius Gallus, Sirimun RIC 5312 viewsConstantius Gallus AE3
Obverse: DN CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman who is bare-headed, bearded, reaching backwards.
Mintmark dot BSIRM dot, 18.4 mm, 2.2 g.
NORMAN K
sfh.jpg
Constantius II, RIC 314 T, Rome.15 viewsObverse: DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
Reverse: FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing fallen horseman who is bare headed , reaching backwards.
Mintmark: R dot M dot T
RIC VIII Rome 314, 18.9 mm., 2.2 g
NORMAN K
c93.jpg
Constantius II, Siscia RIC VIII 369g, 324-361 CE16 viewsConstantius II, AE 3 of Siscia
Obverse: DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, curiassed bust right.
Reverse: FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman who is wearing a Phrygian helmet, reaching backwards.
Mintmark gamma SIS reversed Z, Siscia, 19.08 mm, 2.1 g.
NORMAN K
32264q00~0.jpg
County of Tripoli, Raymond III, 1152 - 1187 Bronze pougeoise48 views County of Tripoli, Raymond III, 1152 - 1187 Bronze pougeoise
O : + CIVITAS fortified gateway, five rows of masonry, five crenellations, large divided door
R : + TRIPOLIS, St. Andrew's cross pommetée, circle in center, crescent and pellet in each quarter
CCS 13
Ex FORUM ; Ex Malloy
Vladislavs D
Macedonian_Kingdom_7.PNG
Demetrios Poliorketes 306-283 BC28 viewsMacedonia Kingdom Demetrios Poliorketes 306-283 BC

Obverse: Head of Demetrios right wearing crested Corinthian helmet

Reverse: Prow of galley right, BA above, monogram beneath
(SNG Cop. 1194) - VF/XF...

AE15 Salamis, 3.72 gm.
Macedonian Warrior
hand2s.jpg
Divus Constantine I, Posthumous commemorative AE4, 337-341 CE26 viewsObverse: DN CONSTANTI-NVS PT AVGG, veiled head right.
Reverse: No legend, the deified Constantine driving quadriga right, hand of god reaching down from above, star at upper left.
SMANS in ex. Antioch mint, 2nd officina. RIV VIII 37, 16.6 mm, 1.4 g.

It is ironic that Constantine, who tradition tells us was the first Christian emperor (although he only actually became one on his death bed), should have been honored with pagan deification and commemorated posthumously with traditional pagan symbolism as found on this coin. He was the last emperor to be so honored.
NORMAN K
38220.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria. Domitian. A.D. 81-96. AE drachm.41 views
Egypt, Alexandria. Domitian. A.D. 81-96. AE drachm (34.7 mm, 23.61 g, 11 h). Alexandria mint, Struck A.D. 95/6. [AVT KAIC ΘЄ] OVIOC ΔOMIT [CЄB ΓЄPM], laureate head of Domitian right / Frontal elevation of triumphal arch; L - IE ( yr. 15 = A.D. 95/6 ). Emmett 257.15. Near VF / VF, very dark green smooth patina. Scarce (Emmett "frequency" 2).
From the D. Thomas Collection; Wz Group CEM; Ex Walter Niggeler Collection; Ex Bank Leu/Munzen und Medallien.
3 commentsAncient Aussie
coin1009.JPG
Elagabalus, Antioch, Syria33 viewsCuirassed bust right / SC, D above, e below, all in wreath.ecoli
Comb27022017021206.jpg
First Revolt AE Prutah (2,76 g) - Jewish War 68/9 AD year 3. 38 viewsObv. Amphora with broad rim, two handles, and decorated conical cover.
Rev. inscription (the freedom of Zion), vine leaf on small branch with tendril
Refernces: (Hendin 1363, AJC II 261,20) .
17mm, 2.8 grams.
2 commentsCanaan
C_servilia_fouree.jpg
Fouree C. Servilius M.f. Denarius. 136 BC59 views Obv. Winged, helmeted head of Roma right, surmounted by head of an eagle, wreath & * behind, ROMA below Rev. the Dioscuri galloping in opposite directions, C SERVEILI M F in ex. Syd 525, Cr239/1. 2 commentsSkyler
Postumus_RIC_Lyons_67.jpg
Gallic 1 Postumus23 viewsPOSTUMUS
AR Antoninianus, Lyons Mint
IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, RDC bust r. / HERC PACIFERO, Hercules st. l., holding olive branch, club and lion's skin
RIC V-II Lyons 67; Sear 10946
Sosius
Postumus_Sear_10940.jpg
Gallic 1 Postumus11 viewsSosius
Postumus_Double_Sest_RIC_207.jpg
Gallic 1 Postumus32 viewsPOSTUMUS
Double Sestertius, 15.89g
Radiate Bust r. / LAETITIA AVG, Galley
A Contemporary imitation, as indicated by the style and the fact that the E in the reverse legend is retrograde
Bastien 373; RIC 207
ex Harlan J. Berk
1 commentsSosius
Postumus_RIC_Cologne_315.jpg
Gallic 1 Postumus21 viewsPOSTUMUS
AR Antoninianus, Cologne
IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, Radiate bust r. / MONETA AVG, Moneta standing l., holding scales and cornucopiae
RIC V-II Cologne 315
Sosius
Postumus_RIC_Lyon_75.jpg
Gallic 1 Postumus11 viewsPOSTUMUS
AR Antoninianus, Lyons Mint
IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, RDC bust right / MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae
RIC V-II Lyons 75; Sear (1988) 3116

Sosius
Postumus_RIC_Lyon_77.jpg
Gallic 1 Postumus12 viewsPOSTUMUS
AR Antoninianus, Lyons Mint
IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust r. / ORIENS AVG, Sol walking l., holding whip, r. hand raised
RIC V-II Lyons 77; Sear (1988) 3118


Sosius
Aureolus_RIC_Milan_388.jpg
Gallic 1.5 Aureolus12 viewsAUREOLUS
Rebel general, in name of Postumus
AE Antoninianus, Milan Mint
IMP POSTVMVS AVG, Radiate, draped bust r. / VIRTVS EQVIT, Virtus walking right, carrying spear and shield, T in exergue
RIC V-II Milan 388,;de Witte 363; Sear (1988) 3135
Sosius
Aureolus_RIC_Milan_377.jpg
Gallic 1.5 Aureolus15 viewsAUREOLUS
Rebel general, in name of Postumus
AE Antoninianus, Milan Mint
IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, Radiate bust r. / FIDES EQVIT, Fides seated left, holding patera and standard
RIC V-II Milan 377
Sosius
45448q00.jpg
Gallic 3 Marius, May - August or September 269 A.D.25 viewsBronze antoninianus, Schulzki AGK 8a, Mairat 238, SRCV III 11123, RIC V 17, aEF, rev a bit weak, 2.822g, 19.5mm, 180o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne) mint, 2nd emission; obverse IMP C M AVR MARIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICT-O-R-IA AVG, Victory standing left, wreath in right, palm frond in left; nice portrait, nice dark sea-green patina, slightly irregular flan; scarce

Purchased from FORVM
1 commentsSosius
Marius_Becker_Aureus.jpg
Gallic 3 Marius48 viewsMARIUS
AV Aureus
Vintage Becker Forgery
Sosius
Victorinus_Cunetio_2957.jpg
Gallic 4 Victorinus13 viewsVICTORINUS
268-270 AD
IMP C VICTORINVS PF AVG, RDC Bust r. / PAX AVG; Pax standing left, holding olive-branch and sceptre, V in left field, star over palm branch in right field
Similar to Cunetio hoard 2957, but star and palm branch inverted on this coin
Sosius
Victorinus_RIC_Cologne_118.jpg
Gallic 4 Victorinus36 viewsVICTORINUS
Slivered Antoninianus, Cologne, 268-70 AD
IMP C VICTORINVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust r. / PAX AVG, Pax standing l. holding olive-branch and scepte, V to l., star to r.
RIC V-2 Cologne 118; Cunetio hoard 2530; Elmer 682; Sear 11175
Sosius
Victorinus_RIC_southern_61.jpg
Gallic 4 Victorinus16 viewsVICTORINUS
AE Antoninianus 268-270 AD
IMP C VICTORINVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped cuirassed bust r. / PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing left, holding baton and cornucopiae, globe at foot
RIC V-2 Southern mint 61; Normanby hoard 1446; Sear 11178; VF/F, Scarce
Sosius
Tetricus_Sear_11239.jpg
Gallic 5 Tetricus15 viewsSosius
Tetricus_II_RIC_270.jpg
Gallic 5.5 Tetricus II19 viewsTETRICUS II
AE Antoninianus.
C PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES, radiate, draped bust right / SPES AVGG, Spes walking left, holding flower and raising skirt.
RIC 270, Cohen 87
Sosius
ga283bo.jpg
Gallienus VI 283 Rome 253-268 CE33 viewsGallienus, AE Antoninianus. Rome mint, sole reign.
Obverse - GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right.
Reverse – SOLI CONS AVG, Pegasus springing right, heavenward.
Mintmark A. 20.47 mm., 3.7 g. Cohen 979, Sear 10362
Cohen 979 comment: one of Gallienus last issue. Gallienus was assassinated near Mila while attempting to deal with the userper Aureolus. This coin was a talisman called fo the protection of Gallienus and Rome.
*Some believe the horse to be one of Sol's chariot horesus and the reverse inscription indicates this is probably the case.
1 commentsNORMAN K
ga1s.jpg
Gallienus RIC 585 Siscia11 viewsGallienus, AE antoninianus. Rome or Siscia. Sole reign.
Obverse: GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: VBERITAS AVG, Uberitas standing left holding purse and cornucopiae.
RIC V-1 Siscia 585 var (attributes); 17.28 mm., 1.8 g.
NORMAN K
gal181.jpg
Gallienus, RIC 181 Rome19 viewsGallienus, AE antoninianus
Obverse: GALLIENVS, radiate, bust right.
Reverse:DIANAE CONS AVG, antelope walking right.
XI in ex. Rome mint, 17.2mm., 2.6 g.
NORMAN K
gal236.jpg
Gallienus, RIC 236 Rome21 viewsGallienus, AE antoninianus 253-268 CE
Obverse: GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, bust right.
Reverse: MARTI PACIFERO, Mars standing left, holding olive branch, spear and shield. H in left field.
16.4 mm., 2.0 g.
NORMAN K
gal297.jpg
Gallienus, RIC 662 Antioch, 253-268 CE17 viewsGallienus, AE antoninianus, Antioch, sole reign

Obverse: GALLIENVS P F AVG, radiate, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: VICTORIA AVG, Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm
Left field: Star.
No mint-mark
16.8 mm., 2.5 g. RIC V-I 662; Cohen V 1098, rated common
NORMAN K
1226peg2.jpg
Gallienus, RIC V 245 Rome, 253 - 268 CE.22 viewsBronze antoninianus
Obverse: GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right.
Reverse: NEPTVNO CONS AVG, Hippocamp right, N in ex
RIC V 245 (sole reign), Rome mint, 2.7g, 19.2mm
Reverse translation: Neptune god of the seas, preserver Augustus
NORMAN K
Gordian-III-RIC-177-87.jpg
Gordian III / RIC 177 over 187, 1'st series.31 viewsAntoninianus, 238-239 AD, Antioch mint.
Obverse: IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG / Radiate bust of Gordian.
Reverse: AEQVIT LIBER / Body and feet of Aequitas holding scales; Body and feet of Libertas holding pileus (Liberty cap) .
5.00 gm, 22 mm.
RIC #177 over #187.

This coin has two different reverses: the Aequitas type (RIC #177) is overstruck at 180 degree rotation on top of the Libertas type (RIC #187). Or, perhaps it is the other way around: The Libertas type (RIC #187) is overstruck on top of the Aequitas type (RIC #177).

The T of AEQVITAS AVG is almost flattened out and is just barely visible. At Antioch, Libertas with the pileus always has the legend LIBERALITAS AVG rather than LIBERTAS AVG.

There is a footnote to RIC #231 (vol. IV, part III, p. 39) which is quite intriguing:

"231. A strange Antoninianus (G. B. Pears Coll.) shows rev. type of AEQVIT[AS] apparently overstruck with type of LIBER[TAS] -- obv. of Gordian III, rev. of Philip overstruck with rev. of Trebonianus Gallus (?)."

I posted this coin on Forvmancientcoins.com and got this reply from Curtis Clay:

"A neat example of this error, and one I hadn't been aware of before, despite its mention in the RIC footnote!
As you expected, you now own the coin formerly in the Pears collection: we know because there is a plaster cast of it so labeled in the BM, which is illustrated in Roger Bland's dissertation, pl. 10, 18/21 !
One of the reverse types is Libertas with cap, but its legend must have been LIBERALITAS not LIBERTAS AVG: the Eastern mint always mislabeled its Libertas type as Liberalitas. RIC made the same mistake regarding the reverse legend; corrected by Bland, who lists the coin under the type LIBERALITAS AVG.
I had never heard of G. B. Pears or his collection before, so can supply no information in that regard."
Callimachus
Green Fel Temp Obverse and Reverse.jpg
Green Constantius II 337-361 A.D.23 viewsDiademed (pearls), draped and cuirassed, bust of Constantius II facing right. Obverse inscription reades DNCONSTANTIVSPFAVG. Reverse is of a standing soldier facing right and spearing a falling horseman. Reverse inscription reads FELTEMPREPARATIO.cwonsidler
HieronII.jpg
Hieron II156 viewsHead of Poseidon left

ΙΕΡΩ-ΝΟΣ
ornamented trident, dolphins at sides

Bronze AE 20
6.96g, 20mm

Syracuse Sicily mint
270-215 BC

SNG Cop 856, SGCV I 1223?

Ex-ANE

Hieron II was tyrant and then king of Syracuse, c. 270 to 215 B.C. His rule brought 50 years of peace and prosperity, and Syracuse became one of the most renowned capitals of antiquity. He enlarged the theater and built an immense altar. The literary figure Theocritus and the philosopher Archimedes lived under his rule. After struggling against the Mamertini, he eventually allied with Rome.
1 commentsJay GT4
hon403.jpg
Honorius RIC 403 Cyzicus41 viewsHonorius bronze AE4
Obverse: D N HONORIUS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, star in left field.
Reverse: GLORIA ROMANORVM, Honorius and Theodosius II standing facing, heads confronted, each holding a spear vertically in outer hand and resting inner hand on shield. The emperor on the right is slightly smaller than the other.
SMK in ex. Cyzicus 15.24 mm, 2.0 g.
NORMAN K
Dyrrhachion_Dracma.jpg
ILIRIA - DIRRAQUIO/EPIDAMNOS20 viewsAR dracma 18X16 mm 2.4 gr.

Anv: "MENIΣ [KOΣ ]" (Nombre de la Autoridad Monetaria que la acuña), sobre una Vaca a der. mirando a su ternero que se amanta a izq.
Rev: "AYP / ΔIO / [NY] / [ΣIOY]" – Doble Forma estrellada, dividida por dos líneas y rodeada por una doble línea formando un contorno cuadrado.
Los diseños del reverso de Korkyra así como de sus colonias, Apollonia (Apolonia) y Dyrrhachion (Dirraquio), han sido objeto de mucha especulación numismática. Eckhel (Doctrina numorum veterum [Vienna, 1792/3], II:155) aceptó la opinión de Laurentius Beger (Observationes Et Conjecturae In Numismata Quaedam Antiqua [Brandenburg, 1691]), que argumentó que el diseño del reverso representa el jardín de Alkinoos, el mítico rey de Phaiakia, descrito en detalle por el poeta Homero (Od. 7.112-133). Basado en el supuesto de que mítica Phaiakia era la isla de la antigua Korkyra (mod. Corfú), y sabiendo que Korkyrans colonizaron tanto Apollonia y Dyrrhachion, Beger (ya través de él, Eckhel) concluyeron que los elementos centrales eran flores y que el diseño general debe representar tanto el diseño del jardín, o las puertas que conducen a ella. Más tarde, la mayoría de los numismáticos, como Böckh, Müller, Friedlander, y von Sallet, argumentaron que los elementos centrales del diseño eran más como la estrella, mientras que Gardner favoreciendo una interpretación floral, aunque sea como una referencia a Apolo Aristaios o Nomios, no el jardín de ALKINOOS. Más recientemente, Nicolet-Pierre volvió a examinar la cuestión del diseño del reverso en su artículo sobre la moneda arcaica de Korkyra ("À props du monnayage archaïque de Corcyre," SNR 88 [2009], pp. 2-3) y ofreció una nueva interpretación. Tomando nota de un pasaje de Tucídides (3.70.4) en la que ese autor citó la existencia en la isla de un recinto sagrado (temenos) dedicado a Zeus y ALKINOOS, sugirió que el diseño del reverso podría haber sido inspirada por esto, y no en el jardín de ALKINOOS que detalla Homero.

Acuñación: 200 - 30 A.C.
Ceca: Dyrrhachion - Illyria (Hoy Durré en Albania)

Referencias: Sear GCTV Vol.I #1900 var Pag.187 – BMC Vol.7 #62-64 Pag.69 – SNG Copenhagen #467 - Maier #201 - Ceka #320
mdelvalle
22807_Gallienus_antoninianus,_RIC_V_214,_VF,_Rome.jpg
IOVI PROPVGNAT, Jupiter standing facing, RIC V 214 Rome39 viewsGallienus, August 253 - 24 March 268 A.D. Bronze antoninianus, RIC V 214, VF, Rome mint, 2.304g, 19.5mm, 180o, 260 - 268 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right; reverse IOVI PROPVGNAT, Jupiter standing facing, head right, thunderbolt in right, XI left. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
Italy- Pompeii- The Basilaca.jpg
Italy- Pompeii- The Basilaca315 viewsBASILICA
Forum of Pompeii c. 120 B.C. These more massive columns are from the basilica, the most important public building in Pompeii. Constructed prior to the Roman period, the basilica had three aisles and five entrance doors onto the forum. In the rear we see a two-tiered colonnade which has columns in the Doric style on the bottom and slender Ionic columns on top of a cross beam. In Pompeii many columns were made of brick and covered with stucco.

BASILICA (VIII,1,1)
Built in the second half of the 2nd cent. BC, as part of the plan to create monuments throughout the city. It has a rectangular layout, with three naves, with a ceiling sloping straight down in both directions from the central columns and half columns at the top of the walls, where there are still remains of decorations in ‘first style’: at the back is the tribunal, where the magistrates sat, reached by a wooden staircase. The building was dedicated to administering justice and for business negotiations.




John Schou
Jan.PNG
Judaea, Alexander Jannaeus (103-76 BC), Æ Half Prutah21 viewsObv. anchor. Rev. star.
References: TJC group L.
13mm and 1.06 grams
This coin is typically referred to as the Biblical Widow's mite.
Canaan
julianii370.jpg
Julian II RIC 370 Siscia, 355-360 CE19 viewsObverse: DN IVLIANVS NOB CAES, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing fallen horseman who is wearing Phrygian helmet, reaching backwards, M to left, DSIS-Zigzag in ex
RIC VIII Siscia 370, 16.9 mm., 2.2 g.
NORMAN K
julian315.jpg
Julian II, RIC VIII 315 Rome22 viewsJulian II, AE, Rome.
Obverse: DN CL IVL IVLIANVS NC, bare-headed, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left, one kneeraised, spearing a fallen horseman who is looking left,reaching backwards, wearing Phrygian helmet.
Mintmark R dot M dot S. 16mm, 2.4 g.
NORMAN K
julian382b.jpg
Julian II, RIC VIII 376 Siscia24 viewsJulian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Bronze AE 3, as Caesar 355 - 361 A.D.; Obverse: D N IVLIANVS NOB CAES, cuirassed bust right
Reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, M in left field, pellet in right.
ΔSISD in ex.,RIC VIII 376 Siscia mint, 2.2g, 16.9mm, scarce
NORMAN K
coins54.JPG
Laodicea ad Mare; Antonius Pius19 viewsAntoninus Pius Æ 25mm of Laodicea ad Mare. Dated year 188=140-141 AD. AVTO KAI TI AILI ADPI ANTWNEINOC CEB, laureate & draped bust left / IOVLIEWN TWN KAI LAODIKEWN, bust of Tyche as city goddess left, wearing headdress of gateway, turret, lighthouse and walls; KO to left, HP P to right (date).ecoli
20110425-205933-1sb2046.jpg
Latin trachy type C small module Sear 2046193 viewssmall module as SB 2023

Obverse:MP_OV barred in upper fields. Virgin nimbate, wearing tunic and maphorion, seated upon throne with back;holds beardless nimbate head of Christ on breast.
Reverse. Emperor seated on throne without back, collar-peice and paneled loros of simplified type; holds in r. hand labarum-headed scepter, and in l., anexikakia. Manus Dei in upper rt. field.
Mint:?Constantinople
Date 1204-
SB 2046, DOC LIII,32
15mm
wileyc
licinius_ii_vot_v_siscia_desert_patina_pro.jpg
Licinius II VOT V Siscia33 views Licinius II VOT V Siscia
Licinius II LICINIVS-IVN NOB C L
CAESARVM NOSTRORVM VOT V
dot in badge at top of wreath delta SIS star
Siscia RIC VII Siscia 162 s
usually 18-19 mm 320-321 AD
James b4
philip359.jpg
Macedonian Kingdom, Philip II, Father of Alexander the Great 359-336 BCE30 viewsBronze AE Unit, SNG ANS 934, nice VF, Macedonian mint, 6.328g,
17.4mm, 0°, c. 359 - 336 B.C.E.
Obverse: head Apollo right wearing taenia.
Reverse: ΦIΛIΠΠOΥ, young male rider
atop horse prancing to right, LO monogram below.
18.0 mm, 7.01 g.
Philip II expanded the size and influence of the Macedonian Kingdom,
but is perhaps best known as the father of Alexander the Great.
He personally selected the design of his coins.
NORMAN K
macrinus3342.jpg
Macrinus, AE 27of Nikopolis ad Istrum, magistrate Agrippa.23 viewsMoesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, Macrinius 217-218 CE.
Obverse: AV K M OPEL CEVH MAKRINOC, laureate, cuirassed bust with scale armour right.
Reverse: VP AGRIPPA NIKOPOLITWN PROC / ICTRW, Tyche in long double chiton and palla, wearing kalathos standing left, holding rudder set on globe and cornucopiae.
Varbanov 3420, 27.75mm 12.8 g.
sold 4-2018
NORMAN K
ISL_MAMLUKS_Balog_910_Tumanbay_II.jpg
Mamluks (Bahri). `Ali II (al-Mansur `Ala al-Din Ali) (778-783 A.H. = 1377-1381 A.D.)13 viewsBalog 509 Plate XX 509a-b; SNAT Hamah 632-634; Album 963

AE fals, Hamah mint, undated; 1.63 g., 18.50 mm. max.

Obv.: Field divided by two horizontal lines of dots. الملك المنصور (al-Malik al-Manusr) / tentatively ضرب طرابلس (duriba Tripoli per Balog but Hamah mint per SNAT)

Rev. Six-petaled flower, resembling a lotus, petals forming a counter-clockwise whorl.

Ali was the son of Sha'ban II and the great-grandson of Muhammad I. He was installed as sultan at age nine upon the death of his father in a revolt. He died four years later.

Attribution courtesy of Mervin.
Stkp
sear_1981.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus AE half tetarteron 37 viewsReverse: MAN(monogram)HA AECIIOTH or similar Manuel bearded facing wearing crown and miltary attire and holding cruciform sceotre and gl. cr.
Mint: Unk greek mint
Date: 1143-1180 CE
Sear 1981 H. 18.5-6 (as Sear 1978 but smaller)
14mm 1.86
wileyc
sb1964_clipped_18mm_165gjpg.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus clipped billion aspron trachy SB196416 viewsObverse: The Virgin enthroned facing, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphrium, she holds nimbate head of the infant Christ facing; to l. MP to r. Theta V.
Reverse: MANUHA AECIIOTHC or similar, Manuel stg. facing wearing crown, divitision and chlamys and holding labarum (one dots= on shaft) and globus surmounted by patriarchal cross.
Mint: Constantinople Third metropolitan coinage Variation B
Date: 1143-1180 CE
Sear 1964 DO 15.5-10
18mm 1.65 gm
wileyc
sear1966clipped.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus clipped billion aspron trachy SB196666 viewsObverse: IC-XC (bar above) in field, Christ bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and colobion, seated upon throne without back; holds gospels in left hand.
Reverse: MAN(monogram)HA AECIIOT or var, MP OV bar above in upper right field, Full-length figure of emperor, bearded on left, crowned by Virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-peice, and jewelled loros of simplified type; holds in right hand labarum-headed scepter, and in left globus cruciger. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.
four main varieties:
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1167-1183?
Sear 1966 Var d, Fourth coinage; H 16.14,15; 17.1-4
rev: Jewel within circle on loros waist
16mm .89gm
As discussed in the Byzantine forumThese are the "neatly clipped" trachies.
During the reign of Manuel I the silver content of the trachy was dropped from c.6% to c.3%, but later types were sometimes issued with the higher silver content.
In Alexius III's time these high silver types were clipped down to half size, probably officially, presumably so as to match the lower silver content of the later issues.
Of course this would only have worked as long as the populace accepted the idea that the clipped coins were all high silver versions to start with. Once smarties started clipping ordinary coins these types would soon have have fallen out of favour and been withdrawn.

Ross G.


During the reign of Alexius III were reused coins of previous releases, clipping its border in a very regular mode and thus reducing to half their weight. Regularity of shearing and the fact that they were found to stock uniforms, suggesting that this clipping is a formal issuance of mint. Based on the stocks found in Constantinople , some of which consist only of clipped coins, it may safely be dated between 1195 and 1203.
Hendy and Grierson believe that this shearing was a consequence of the devaluation of trachy mixture during the reign of Isaac II and Alexius III. They reduced by half the already low silver content of this coin: shearing coins of previous emperors, still widely in circulation, made their trachy consistent with the intrinsic value of current emissions. Of course, this does not justify the clipping of coins already degraded of Isaac II and Alexius III. Therefore, reason for their declassification is not understood. I think that reason of Ross is right!
The structure of their dispersion in hoards indicates that, however, were made after the other emissions. Clipped trachys appear in small amounts along with regular trachy in hoards, represents a rarity. Were clipped trachys of Manuel I, Andronicus I, Isaac II and Alexius III, and perhaps of John II; those of Manuel are less scarce. In principle, we must believe that all trachys after Manuel I have been clipped, although many have not yet appeared.

Antvwala
wileyc
philipI1s.jpg
Philip II, Alexandria, Billion Tetredrachm20 viewsRoman Empire, Philip II, 247-249
Billion.-Tetradrachm year 5 = 247, Egypt, city of Alexandria.
Obverse: AKM IOV FILIPPOC EVC, bust right
Reverse:. Homonoia with double cornucopia, LE in left field=year 5.
24mm, 13.2 g., Datt. 5057, BMC 16.267.2059
sold 1-2018

Billion is an alloy of precious metal, mostly silver, with a mixture or base metal such as copper. Many Roman coins from the 2nd and 3rd century are made of billion because of debasements of the denarius and the tetradrachm.
NORMAN K
phraatesIV.jpg
Phraates IV (38 -2 BC) AR Tetradrachm 286 SE /26 BC51 viewsObv: Phraates diademed and cuirassed bust left with long pointed beard - no royal wart on forehead.
Rev: The king enthroned r. being presented with a palm branch by Tyche, standing l. before him holding cornucopiae with pellet above arm. Seleucid date 286 (C Pi Sigma) above palm. Greek inscription in 7 lines BASILEOS/BASILEON; on r. ARSAKOY/EUERGETOY' below [DIKAOY]; on l. EPIPHANOUS/PHILELLANOS; month off flan below
Wt 14.1 gm, 26.3 mm, Sellwood type 55

The coin could be that of Tiridates I who also ruled for a few months in 26 BC. The features of the king on this coin are much closer to that of Phraates than of much rarer Tiridates I according to a reclassification of Sellwood types by deCallatay and this is the most believable. The lower lines of the inscription would also settle the issue but are lost on this coin.
Early coins of the Parthian empire showed strong Greek empahasis on classical Greek forms and humanism which is gradually lost as the empire matured and finally decayed. The coins become schematic and emphasize suface ornament rather than sculptural quality. One senses from the portrait of Phraates that brutality was a prerequisite for Parthian kings who routinely bumped off fathers and brothers in their rise to power. Like the Spartans, they had a powerful empire in their time but its contribution to civilization was limited in the long term.
1 commentsdaverino
0191-a00.JPG
Plautilla, overview296 viewsThere are five main types of portrait for Plautilla’s denarii at the Rome mint :

A - With a draped bust right, hair coiled in horizontal ridges and fastened in bun in high position. Her facial expression is juvenile
B - Hair being coiled in vertical ridges, with bun in low position. Plautilla looks here more like a young beautiful woman
C - The third bust shows a thinner face of Plautilla with hair in vertical ridges and no bun but braids covering her neck
D - The fourth type has a similar appearance with the former, but the vertical ridges disappear, hair being plastered down, still showing the right ear
E - Plautilla appears with mid long hair plastered down and covering her ears

In the mean time there are seven different reverses :

1 - CONCORDIAE AETERNAE
2 - PROPAGO IMPERI
3 - CONCORDIA AVGG
4 - CONCORDIA FELIX
5 - PIETAS AVGG
6 – DIANA LVCIFERA

Not every combination exists, but some of the above reverses can be shared by several obverse portraits. Noticeable also is an evolution of the obverse legend, being PLAVTILLAE AVGVSTAE (a) in 202, and becoming PLAVTILLA AVGVSTA (b) soon after

You can see the evolution of this interesting coinage in my Plautilla's gallery.
3 commentsPotator II
pl369.jpg
Plautilla, Denarius, Rome 204 C.E. Wife of Caracalla16 viewsPlautilla ar denarius, Rome RIC IV 369. Struck 204 C.E.
Obverse - PLAVTILLA AVGVSTA. Draped bust right.
Reverse - VENVS VICTRIX. Venus standing left, breast exposed, holding apple and palm and resting left elbow on shield. Cupid standing left at her feet.
19.5 mm diam., 3.0 g. Scarce
sold 2-2018
NORMAN K
ptolemyxiiTD.jpg
Ptolemy XII Auletes AR Tetradrachm, 72 BC73 viewsOBV: Diademed head right in aegis
REV: Eagle standing left on Thunderbolt; PTOLEMAIOY BASILEWS, [Pi A] in right field; Dated L.Theta (Year 9)

This coin was minted in the ninth year of Ptolemy XII Auletes. Svoronos originally ascribed this coin type to year 9 of Cleopatra VII (43 BC) but was reattributed by Regling to her father. This re-attribution is generally accepted. The coin is of relatively low-grade silver (ca 30%) and flat-struck on the obverse.
Svoronos 1856, Ref. Svoronos on-line
wt 13.8 gm
1 commentsdaverino
Dolphindidrachm.jpg
Punic occupation half shekel77 viewsNude youth on horseback to left, crowning horse with wreath; IΩ to right, ΣΩΓENHΣ below

Taras astride dolphin to left, holding cornucopiae and Nike who crowns him with wreath; TAPAΣ below.

Calabria, Tarentum ; Punic occupation, circa 212-209 BC

AR Reduced didrachm or Half-Shekel.

2.69g chipped otherwise VF+

Vlasto 975-7; HN Italy 1079.

Ex-ANE

Rare!

The climax of the Carthaginian invasion of Italy was reached when Tarentum changed sides in 212 BC. The takeover of the city was a carefully planned coup by Hannibal and members of the city's democratic faction who opened the gates to Hannibal's army. The Carthaginians failed to take the citadel, but subsequent fortifications around this enemy stronghold enabled the city to remain under Punic control. Hannibal installed his own magistrates and struck coinage based on the Punic half shekel standard.
8 commentsJay GT4
Radiato_imitativo_britannico.jpg
Radiato imitativo britannico (270-273 AD)33 viewsAE, 2.45 gr, 18.56 mm, VF
Zecca non ufficiale britannica (o gallica), sul D/ verosimilmente Vittorino o Tetrico I
D/ legenda di fantasia, testa radiata a dx
R/ legenda di fantasia, divinità sacrifica su un altare appoggiata su uno scudo (o ruota). Compatibile con una FORTVNA REDUX con ruota e timone
Provenienza: ex Marc Breitsprecher collection, Grand Marais Minnesota Usa (da lui acquistata a Embankment station coin fair, London), via vAuctions 290 lot 462, 8 novembre 2012
paolo
935229_522469501123299_725249295_n.jpg
Rhodos, Carian Islands, c. 188 - 84 B.C.104 viewsSilver hemidrachm, cf. SNG Keckman 642 ff. (various magistrates and control symbols)Dexikrates, Fine/Fair, scratches, underweight (perhaps imitative), 0.905g, 13.0mm, 135o, Rhodos (Rhodes) mint, c. 188 - 84 B.C.; obverse radiate head of Helios facing slightly right; reverse rose with bud to right, P-O in fields, magistrates name above,ΔΕΞΙΚΡΑΤΗΣ, control symbol lower left, all within a shallow square incuse;7 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Domitian_Horseback.jpg
RIC 0539 variant Domitian denarius71 viewsCAES AV DOMIT COS II
Laureate head right

Domitian on horse left; right hand raised, sceptre in left

Rome? 73 AD

3.34g

RIC 539 (R2) variant?: Missing G and F in legend.

Ex-Jerusalem Haydaya

Stylistically this coin resembles some others of this type but without the legend errors. The fabric is similar to those from Antioch. Is this an ancient imitation or perhaps an apprentice cut the legend? Or is it an unknown type from Antioch?
3 commentsJay GT4
Vespasian_Prow_star.jpg
RIC 0941 Vespasian denarius97 viewsIMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG
Laureate head right

COS VIII
Prow of galley right, star above.

Rome 77-8 AD

3.39g

RIC II 941 (C); BMCRE 210; RSC 136.

Rated common but tough to find on the market.

Ex-Ancient Treasures, Ex-ANE.

This reverse type copied from aurei and denarii of Ahenobarbus struck for Mark Antony in 40 BC, Crawford 521 .
7 commentsJay GT4
leadweight10mm10mm9mm11_15g.jpg
Roman lead weight38 views10mm/10mm/9mm
11.15g
plain all sides
wileyc
santo_domingo.jpg
Santo Domingo 4 Maravedis 1542-155622 views Obv. Two crowned pillars, S on left, P on right
Rev. Stylized Y, assayer mark F on left, IIII on right


First copper coin for the Americas and first copper type minted in the New world. After a small shipment of these stuck in Burgos did not satisfy the need for its denomination type they were then minted in Santo Domingo of the New World.
Skyler
Sicily_Gallery_h.jpg
Sicily25 viewsGreek colonies dotted the island of Sicily from about the mid-8th C. BC onward, sometimes conflicting with the native tribes (Sikels to the east, Sikanians in central Sicily, and Elymians to the west) and several Phoenician colonies. The largest issuance of coinage by the city-states often came amidst conflict among themselves and later arrivals, the Carthaginians and Romans. While Greek coin types and denominations predominated, the local litra and its fractions of onkiai survived down to the Roman conquest in 212 BC, when local striking withered. Major mints include Akragas, Gela, Himera, Kamarina, Katane, Leontini, Messene, Naxos, Segesta, Selinos, Syracuse, and the siculo-punic mints of Entella and Lilybaion.
3 commentsAnaximander
BOTH_ALLY_BALLY.jpg
SOLD Alexander 1 Balas Tetradrachm 147/6 BC SOLD6 views SOLD Obv : Diademed head of Alexander 1 Balas in reeded border
30.5 mm 16.25gm SC 1784.8i,
Antioch on the Orontes mint
Rev: Nike offering wreath to Zeus seated left
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ ΘΕΟΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ ΕΥΕΡΓΕΤΟΥ
Theta within Delta monogram inner LF
Exergue : 166 ( SE date = 147/6 BC) Φ SOLD
cicerokid
BOTH_ANT_8.jpg
SOLD Antiochus V111 "Grypos" 121-98/6 BC Tetradrachm SOLD8 viewsSOLD Obverse Antiochus In fillet border
32mm 16.27gm
Struck 115/13 B.C. Ake-Ptolemais mint
SC 2336.2a
Reverse.. Zeus Ouranos
Ins: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΤΙΟΧΟΥ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ
Control mark ΔΡ left field
All surrounded by a wreath SOLD
cicerokid
caracallathrace.jpg
THRACE, PHILIPPOPOLIS. Caracalla as Caesar, 196-198 CE.22 viewsObverse: M.AV.KAI ANTWNEINOC, bare head right
Reverse: ΦIΛIΠΠO-ΠOΛEITΩN, Apollo standing facing, head turned to the left, holding laurel branch in his lowered right hand.
18 mm, 3.3 g.
NORMAN K
gallienus_tiger~0.jpg
Tigress - Gallienus RIC VI 230192 viewsGallienus, Striped Tigress, AE Antoninianus. Rome mint, sole reign.
Obverse - GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right.
Reverse - LIBERO P CONS AVG, striped tigress walking left.
Mintmark R, Rome. 19.4 mm diam. 3.1 g
NORMAN K
gallo1s.jpg
Trebonianus Gallus, 250-251 CE25 viewsObverse: IMP C VIBIO TREBON GALLO AVG, LAUREATE, DRAPED & CUIRASSED BUST RIGHT.
OBVERSE: PMS COL VIM, Moesis standing facing, head left holding hands over a bull and lion.
ANXII in ex. Year 250-251 26 mm diam., 9.5 g
NORMAN K
Sklavengeld_Karneol.jpg
'Slave money', carnelian66 views25,4x13.60x11.90mm, 7.87g

This so-called 'slave money', part of a chain, was made in the first half of the 19th century in Idar-Oberstein/Germany for London. From London it was shipped to West Africa to buy black slaves.
Jochen
092n.jpg
Δ and NIKO308 viewsMOESIA INFERIOR. Nikopolis ad Istrum. Septimius Severus. Æ 27. A.D. 193-211. Obv: (VK)ΛCEΠ•-CEVHPOC (...) or similar. Laureate bust right; countermark (1) on shoulder. Rev: VΠAVP•ΓAΛΛOV•NIKOΠOΛITΠPOCIC. River-god reclining left, leaning against urn (?), holding branch in right hand; Countermark (2) to left. Ref: BMC -. Axis: 60°. Weight: 11.68 g. CM(1): Δ, incuse punch, 7 x 6 mm. Howgego 782 (3 pcs). CM(2): NIKO, incuse, 14 x 5 mm. Howgego 553 (3 pcs, 2 of which on reverse). Note: All coins that have the Δ c/m apparently also bear the NIKO c/m and vice-versa, so they must have been applied at the same time. Collection Automan.Automan
005n.jpg
Δ and Six-pointed star291 viewsCILICIA. Ninica-Claudiopolis. Maximinus I. Æ 28. A.D. 235-238. Obv: IMPCSIVLVERMAXIMINVS. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; 2 countermarks: (1) before face, (2) on bust. Rev: NIN-C-CLAV. Colonist ploughing behind two oxen, in background vexillum. Ref: BMC 8. Axis: 360°. Weight: 9.86 g. CM (1): Δ containing dot, all within circle; circular punch, 6 mm. Howgego 669 (49 pcs). Not likely to be a denominational countermark. CM (2): Six-pointed star, incuse, 6 mm from point to point. Howgego 451 (45 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
170.jpg
Δ containing dot215 viewsCILICIA. Ninica-Claudiopolis. Maximinus I. Æ 23. A.D. 235-238. Obv: (IMP)MAXIMINVΓPI. Laureate head right; Countermark on neck. Rev: NI-NI-CL-Ω-ΩΔ. Two vexilla. Ref: BMC -. Axis: 180°. Weight: 6.92 g.CM: Δ containing dot, all within circle; circular punch, 6 mm. Howgego 669 (49 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
007n.jpg
Δ in circular punch240 viewsARABIA PETRAEA. Petra. Septimius Severus. Æ 22. A.D. 193-211. Obv: (…)-CEOYHPON(…). Laureate head right; countermark on shoulder. Rev: (…)-MHTPOΠ(…). Tyche seated left on rock, holding trophy in right hand and stele in extended left hand (?). Ref: Spijkerman 28v; BMC -. Axis: 360°. Weight: 7.24 g. CM: Δ in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego 801 (19 pcs). Note: May bave been countermarked during reign of Elagabalus, although this is uncertain since the coins of Elagabalus were too small to be countermarked Δ, and no coins were issued after his reign. Collection Automan.Automan
008n.jpg
Δ in circular punch279 viewsIONIA. Smyrna. Civic. Æ 20. Time of Gordian to Valerian. Obv: .IEPACVNKΛHTOC. Laureate and draped bust of the Roman Senate right, countermark on bust. Rev: CMVPΓNE-ΩKOPΩN. Figure of Tyche holding rudder and cornucopia, inside tetrastyle temple. Ref: Ex. Lindgren II:556; BMC 233. Axis: 180°. Weight: 4.95 g. CM: Δ in circular punch, 5.5 mm. Howgego 791 (34 pcs). Note: The countermark was probably not applied before the time of the joint reign of Valerian and Gallienus. Collection Automan.Automan
168.jpg
Δ, 6-pointed star and Nike188 viewsCILICIA. Ninica-Claudiopolis. Maximinus I. Æ 28. A.D. 235-238. Obv: (...MA)XIMINVΓP(A)UTΛ or similar. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; 4 countermarks: (1) before face, (2) on shoulder; (3) before chest, (4) behind neck. Rev: (C)-OLN-(I)NI-CLAUΔ. Colonist ploughing behind two oxen, in background vexillum, star before colonist. Ref: BMC 8 (var. obv. leg.). Axis: 210°. Weight: 10.70 g. CM(1): Six-pointed star, incuse, 6 mm from point to point. Howgego 451 (45 pcs). CM(2): Δ containing dot, all within circle; circular punch, 6 mm. . Howgego 669 (49 pcs). Note: Not likely to be a denominational countermark. CM(3-4): Nike right, in oval punch, c. 5 x 8 mm (not certain!). Howgego 262 (34 pcs). Note:The sequence of application appears to have been (1) Δ in circle (669), (2) six-pointed star (451), and (3) Nike (262). Collection Automan.Automan
013n~0.jpg
Δ, six-pointed star, eagle and Nike (6 cmks!)203 viewsCILICIA. Ninica-Claudiopolis. Maximinus I. Æ 27. A.D. 235-238. Obv: OIMPCSIVLVERMAXIMINVS. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; 6 countermarks: (1) to right, before bust, (2) on lower part of bust, (3) on neck, (4) behind and on back of head, (5) on upper part of head, (6) before head. Rev: NINIC-OL-CLA-UΔI, OPOLI in ex. Tetrastyle temple containing emperor, standing left, holding patera and spear. Ref: BMC 10; Sear GIC 3548 (same dies). Axis: 360°. Weight: 9.12 g. CM(1): Δ containing dot, all within circle; circular punch, 6 mm. Howgego 669 (49 pcs). Note: Not likely to be a denominational countermark. CM(2): Six-pointed star, incuse, 6 mm from point to point. Howgego 451 (45 pcs). CM(3): Eagle standing right with head left, in shaped punch, c. 4 x 7 mm. Howgego 338 (11 pcs). CM(4): Nike right, in oval punch, c. 5 x 8 mm. Howgego 262 (34 pcs). CM(5): Similar to CM(4). CM(6): Similar to CM(4). Note: The sequence of application appears to have been 669-451-262-338. Automan
199.jpg
ΔAK in rectangular punch178 viewsSYRIA: COELE SYRIA. Leucas. Trajan. Æ 22. A.D. 102/103 (year 55). Obv: (AY)KAINEP-TRAIA(NOCΔAK...) or similar. Laureate head right; countermark before. Rev: (ΛEYKAΔIWN)-KΛAYΔIEWN, EN in field. Emperor, holding sceptre, in quadriga galloping right. Ref: BMC 3; Sear GIC 1082. Axis: 30°. Weight: 9.16 g. CM: ΔAK in rectangular punch, 6 x 3 mm. Howgego 529 (43 pcs). Note: Interestingly, the title Dacicus is already part of the inscription of the coin. Collection Automan.Automan
108.jpg
ΘY (monogram of)202 viewsLYDIA. Thyatira. Elagabalus. Æ 26. A.D. 218-222. Obv: AVTKMAAN-TΩNEINOC. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; countermark on lower part of bust. Rev: (ΘVAT-E-I-)PHNΩN. Athena seated left, holding palladium in right extended arm, resting left arm on spear, wheel-like shield resing against throne. Ref: BMC 114. Axis: 180°. Weight: 7.60 g. Note: Same obverse die as Sear (GIC) 3072. CM: Monogram of Θ and Y, in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego 617 (11 pcs). Note: Undoubtedly the countermark refers to the city of Thyatira where the host coin was issued. Collection Automan.Automan
042n.jpg
ΛΓΓ179 viewsSYRIA: SELEUCIS & PIERIA. Gabala. Caracalla. Æ 22. A.D. 198-217. Obv: (AVKMAANTΩNEINOC) or similar. Laureate bust right; countermark across shoulder. Rev: Γ(ABAΛEΩ)N. Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia. Ref: BMC –Axis: 180°. Weight: 7.53 g. CM: ΛΓΓ in rectangular punch, 7.5 x 4 mm. Howgego 551 (5 pcs). Note: Howgego describes the countermark as either ΛΠ or ΛΓI, while this specimen reads ΛΓΓ. Collection Automan.Automan
189.jpg
Δ on GETA, AE20 ARABIA PETRAEA.197 viewsARABIA PETRAEA. Petra. Geta. Æ 20. A.D. 198-209 (as Caesar). Obv: (...)ΠCE(...)-(ГETACKAICAP) or similar. Bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; countermark before. Rev: AΔ(PI-ΠEP)TA-MHT. Within distyle temple, Tyche seated left, holding small stele in extended right hand, holding trophy in left hand. Ref: Spijkerman 51. Axis: 330°. Weight: 7.75 g. CM: •Δ• in circular punch, 5.5 mm. Howgego 801 (19 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
00017x00~1.jpg
37 viewsSPAIN
PB Tessera (14mm, 2.62 g)
Fly, seen from above
Blank
Stannard, Evidence 26-7 = Stannard, Parallels 99-100; Minturnae 34-5

Found in Southern Spain

This type is found both in Baetica and in central Italy, at Minturnae, demonstrating the close economic ties between the two areas. Stannard notes numerous parallels in the lead tokens and unofficial bronze coinage in the two areas. He also sees a stylistic difference between issues of the two regions, but I have not personally seen enough specimens from both regions to say.
Ardatirion
00026x00~1.jpg
18 viewsSPAIN
PB Tessera (12mm, 2.22 g)
ISI within beaded square cartouche
Blank
Unpublished

Found in Southern Spain

This is a part of a small group of leads of similar module that were found in Southern Spain. They appear to be distinct from the series described by Casariego et al and Stannard.
Ardatirion
00073x00.jpg
27 viewsSPAIN, Oducia
PB Tessera (19mm, 3.95 g)
MF/OD within wreath (Municipium Flavium Oducensis)
Blank
Cf. Casariego, Cores, & Pliego 14b

The municipia Flavia were a series of small towns founded as part of Vespasian's reconstruction of Spain. These settlements are notable in that the civic laws are preserved in stone for many of the settlements.
Ardatirion
00014x00~1.jpg
12 viewsSPAIN, Uncertain Municipium Flavium
PB Tessera (18mm, 5.82 g, 7h)
Prow of galley left
MF/ QF
Casariego, Cores, & Pliego 13a
Ardatirion
00025x00~0.jpg
21 viewsSPAIN
PB Tessera (13mm, 1.56 g)
Radiate [bearded?] head right
Blank
Unpublished

Found in Southern Spain

This is a part of a small group of small leads of similar module that were found in Southern Spain. They appear to be distinct from the series described by Casariego et al and Stannard.
Ardatirion
Augustus_tessera.jpg
126 viewsROME. Augustus. 27 BC-14 AD
Æ Tessera (21mm, 4.24 g)
Struck mid 1st century AD
Laureate head right, FEL below
V in dotted circle, all within wreath
Cf. Buttrey 5 (reverse numeral)
3 commentsArdatirion
image02453.jpg
30 viewsROME. Germanicus. Died AD 19.
Æ Tessera (21mm, 3.72 g, 2 h)
Cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; all within wreath
Large III; all within wreath
Buttrey 17/III

Ex Alberto Campana Collection (Numismatica Ars Classica 64, 17 May 2012), lot 2453
Ardatirion
00026x00.jpg
101 viewsROME
Æ Tessera (13mm, 0.98g 7h)
Crescent and stars series
Vesta standing left, holding palladium and long scepter
Three stars over crescent
Hristova & Jekov, Nikopolis 8.(?)0.48.6; vAuctions 270, lot 362
Ardatirion
00034x00.jpg
30 viewsROME
PB (?) Tessera (24mm, 5.89 g, 2 h)
· FELICIA, counterclockwise around shield (perhaps a 3rd century oval scutum?)
Bundle of thunderbolts, S C flanking
Unpublished

The metal appears too light for lead and is perhaps pewter or some other alloy. Until the metal content is scientifically analyzed and found to be similar to other ancient objects, I remain unconvinced of it's authenticity.
Ardatirion
00012x00~1.jpg
15 viewsROME
PB Tessera (20mm, 4.24 g, 12h)
Bacchus standing right, holding thrysus; panther to right(?)
AVG
Cf. Rostovtsev 92 (smaller)

The obverse might alternately depict Diana with a stag, but she is not generally shown holding a staff.
Ardatirion
DSC_6021.jpg
41 viewsROME. Musa.
PB Tessera (14mm, 1.99 g, 1 h)
Crossed cornucopia, caduceus, and trident
MVSA counterclockwise around small central pellet
Rostowzew -

Ex Emporium Hamburg 67 (10 May 2012), lot 743

The attributes of the two major commercial deities, the cornucopia of Fortuna and the caduceus of Mercury, combined here with the trident of Neptune, suggest that Musa may have been involved in shipping.
Ardatirion
00016x00~1.jpg
10 viewsROME
PB Tessera (19mm, 4.87 g, 12h)
Dolium rotundum
QFG
Rostowzew –

Ex RBW Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 376, 15 June 2016), lot 770 (part of); Artemide 5E (19 December 2010), lot 1163 (part of)

A dolium was an exceptionally large ceramic vessel for the storage and processing of foodstuffs.
Ardatirion
00022x00~2.jpg
11 viewsROME. Flaccus-Gallus.
PB Tessera (21mm, 3.17 g, 12h)
FLAC/CVS within wreath
GAL/LVS within wreath
Rostowzew 1417; München 241; Ruggerio 2132

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
PB_Roman_Tessera_DP_2.jpg
56 viewsROME
PB Tessera (11 mm, 1.35 g, 12 h)
Fortuna seated left, holding rudder and cornucopia
DP
Rostowzew 2307; Kircheriano 809-9

Cast from same mold as:
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-42319
Ardatirion
PB_Roman_Tessera_DP_1.jpg
62 viewsROME
PB Tessera (11 mm, 1.24 g, 12 h)
Fortuna seated left, holding rudder and cornucopia
DP
Rostowzew 2307; Kircheriano 809-9

Cast from same mold as:
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-42318
1 commentsArdatirion
00006x00~6.jpg
17 viewsROME
PB Tessera (15mm, 1.90 g, 6h)
Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia, within triangular frame
(HL)E
Rostovtsew –

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)

The token manufacturer accidentally combined a stock obverse intended for a triangular token with a custom reverse for a circular one.
Ardatirion
00033x00~0.jpg
23 viewsROME
PB Tessera (14mm, 3.58 g, 12h)
Galley
Anchor
Rostovtsev -; Scholz 577 (this coin)

Ex Trau Collection
Ardatirion
00010x00.jpg
19 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 6.62 g, 12h)
Galley
TAP/COC
Rostovtsev, “ΔΩPEA CITOY TAPCΩ,” in NC 1900, p. 103; Rostovtsev –

Despite the Greek legend naming Tarsus, the fabric of this piece confirms that it is from the city of Rome.
Ardatirion
00001x00~10.jpg
9 viewsROME. "Trajan"
PB Tessera (24mm, 6.12 g)
Two figures in galley left
TRA
Rostovtsew 63

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
Ardatirion
00002x00~6.jpg
21 viewsROME. P. Glitius Gallus
PB Tessera (20mm, 2.89 g, 12h)
P GLITI GALLI, bare head right
Rooster standing right, [holding rostral crown in beak and palm frond in claws]
Rostowzew 1238, pl. IV, 33; BM 932

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)

Though the exact identity of this individual is unknown, he is undoubtedly a member of the gens Glitia. It is tempting to associate him with the P. Glitius L.f. Gallus who was implicated in the Pisonian Conspiracy against the emperor Nero and ultimately exiled to the island of Andros, or his son, P. Glitius P.f. Gallus.
Ardatirion
00006x00~2.jpg
14 viewsROME
PB Tessera (20mm, 5.35 g, 12h)
Draped bust of Hercules left, wearing lion's skin and holding club over shoulder, with hair and beard in Antonine-Severan style
The Dioscuri standing facing one another, each holding spear and bridle of horse
Rostovtsev 2085; Rostovtsev & Prou 377

Rostovtsev suggests that the obverse may depict Caracalla. This interpretation is somewhat plausible, but unlikely, considering the additional object on the obverse, and the bare head of the figure.
Ardatirion
phallus1.JPG
45 viewsROME
PB Tessera (16mm, 2.92 g, 12 h)
Horse standing right; C above
Erect phallus; A V flanking
Rostovtsev -

Rostovtsev1 gathers into one group all tesserae depicting the phallus, various iterations of the word Amor, and the extremely rare pieces depicting sexual acts. He assumes that these pieces were entrance tickets to the Lupanaria, ancient brothels. This association has caused many scholars to refuse to accept tesserae as currency, as they feel that such crude themes would never have been depicted on currency. Thornton2, however, convincingly argues that, as Mercury is sometimes depicted as a herm, a statuary type consisting of a bust set on a square pedestal adorned with only genitalia, the phallus is in fact an emblem of the god in his guise as a fertility deity.


1. Rostovtzev, Mikhail. 1905. Römische Bleitesserae. Ed. C.F. Lehmann and E Kornemann. Beiträge z. Liepzig: Theodor Weicher.

2. Thornton, M. K. 1980. “The Roman Lead Tesserae : Observations on Two Historical Problems Author.” Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte 29 3: 341-3
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tessera1.JPG
53 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 3.06 g, 12 h)
Isis standing left, holding sistrum and situla
IVE/NES
Rostovtsev -


The iuvenes were Roman educational organizations roughly analagous to modern American colleges. Mohler1 argues that, while their athletic program undoubtedly focused on parade and various other activities that relate to war, the group focused equally on education and athletics, rather than as a pseudo-military training program. Inscriptions survive in some theaters and arenas that note reserved seats for iuvenes, leading some to identify these pieces as entrance tickets. I feel they were more likely distributed at the various parades and processions for which the organizations were famous.

The iuvenes tokens are related to those of the sodales, composed of individuals not a part of the organization (younger or older men and women) who still actively supported it.

1. Mohler, S. L. (1937). The Iuvenes and Roman Education. Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Society, 68, 442–479.
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41 viewsROME
PB Tessera (15mm, 2.37 g, 3 h)
Lion leaping right; S above, RV below
Dolpin right; S above, RV below
Rostowzew 604, fig. 47 var. (arrangement of letters)


Although it initially appears to be struck, close examination reveals that this piece was cast, with insufficient metal filling the mold.
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51 viewsROME
PB Tessera (13mm, 3.30 g, 12 h)
Facing head of Medusa
Bestiarius standing facing, holding net and spear
Rostowzew 589 = Kircheriano 1167

The Roman bestiarii were arena fighters who fought against animals while wielding the spear and net. While professional schools for this role eventually developed, most animal fighters were condemned prisoners who barely survived a single match. They should be distinguished from the traditional gladiatiores, who fought only other men. It was in the role of bestiarius that Commodus won his arena fame and Herculean title.
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35 viewsROME
PB Tessera (23mm, 5.99 g, 12 h)
Head of Mercury right, wearing petasus
Caduceus
Cf. Rostovtsev 2739 (much smaller)
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Y04282.jpg
25 viewsROME
PB Tessera (12mm, 2.26 g, 6h)
Mercury advancing right, holding bag and caduceus
PR/OG
Rostovtzev -

The small, round fabric of this issue is not usual for an issue from Rome. Additionally, the attribution of the obverse figure as Mercury is uncertain. Though he appears to bear the bag and caduceus, the figure is in a pose more traditionally held by Eros.
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23 viewsROME
PB Tessera (17mm, 2.47 g, 7h)
Mercury standing facing, holding bag and caduceus
Rooster standing right
Rostovtsev 2664.1 = Rostovtsev & Prou 571; cf. Milan 417-21 (smaller size)

Ex Tom Vossen Collection
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11 viewsROME
PB Tessera (12mm, 1.38 g)
Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia
Phallus
Rostovtsev 914 = BM 1181, 1819-21 var. (Fortuna right); Turcan 434 var. (same)
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00062x00.jpg
30 viewsROME
PB Tessera (14mm, 3.31 g)
Phallus
Two-pronged pitchfork
Rostovstev 919 corr. (rev. description); Minturnae 49
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00009x00~0.jpg
11 viewsROME
PB Tessera (23mm, 6.90 g, 12h
Rudder
Flaccid male genitals (or leaf?)
Rostovtsev –

The obverse type differs from the phallic imagery sometimes scene on Roman tesserae. This example depicts a flaccid, rather than engorged penis, often conservatively described in numismatics as a "pudenda virilia." The unusual shape of this piece, combined with the differing obverse type, makes me think this may be a fertility amulet.
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13 viewsROME
PB Tessera (15mm, 1.42 g, 12h)
Rhinoceros standing right
Damma (fallow-deer or chamois) standing right
Rostovtsev 649, pl. V , 9
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31 viewsROME
PB Tessera (19mm, 3.47 g, 9h)
Roma seated right, holding Victory and spear
G P R F (Genio Populi Romani Feliciter) in circle
Rostovtzev 1576; BM 369

Rostovtsev cites two examples in the British Museum, as well as five more in smaller collections. Thornton could only locate one specimen.
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25 viewsROME
PB Tessera (17mm, 2.47 g, 7h)
Mercury standing facing, holding bag and caduceus
Rooster standing right
Rostovtsev 2664.1 = Rostovtsev & Prou 571; cf. Milan 417-21 (smaller size)

Ex Tom Vossen Collection
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23 viewsROME
PB Tessera (19mm, 4.65 g, 11 h)
Radiate (!) head of Mercury right; caduceus before; all above crossed cornucopiae
SCO
Rostowzew -
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8 viewsROME
PB Tessera (15mm, 3.66 g)
Trophy
Aeneas standing left, carrying Anchises and palladium
Rostovtsew 118

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of)
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hermit.JPG
35 viewsIONIA, Ephesos
PB Tessera (16mm, 4.22 g, 2 h)
Hermit crab right; wheat ear below
Lion advancing right
Gülbay & Kireç 40 var. (figure on reverse – same obverse die)

My special thanks to BCD for withholding his bid and allowing me to acquire this piece.
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10241s00.jpg
33 viewsIONIA, Ephesos
PB Tessera (15mm, 1.31 g)
Prawn right, surrounded by scallop, tunny, shark, and dolphin; X over Δ to right Retrograde P within wreath
Gülbay & Kireç -

Ex Tom Vossen Collection; Münzzentrum 150 (7 Jan 2009), lot 258
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28 viewsIONIA, Ephesos
PB Tessera (14mm, 3.94 g)
Cockle or scallop shell
Blank
Gülbay & Kireç -
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Lanz21.JPG
40 viewsIONIA, Ephesos
PB Tessera (19mm, 4.90 g)
Togate figure standing left, sacrificing at altar before tholos containing cult statue
Blank
Gülbay & Kireç -; Hirsch 279, lot 4922

The engraver of this die betrays no small skill in his execution of the obverse type; the circular shrine is shown in perspective, with the columns arranged so as to suggest distance while still leaving room for the statue to be visible. I was surprised to find that another specimen of this type from different, though equally elegant dies had recently sold in a Hirsch auction, there misidentified as a “bleiplombe,” or lead seal.
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00084x00.jpg
51 viewsUNITED STATES, Political campaign tokens. William Henry Harrison. President, March 4-April 4 1841.
Æ Political Medallet (23mm, 4.22 g, 12 h)
Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dually dated 9 February 1773 and 1841
MAJ. GEN. W. H. HARRISON/ * BORN FEB. 9. 1773*
Bust of William Henry Harrison left in military uniform
STEAM BOAT VAN BUREN/ FOR SALT RIVER DIRECT.
Early steamboat sailing right with banner inscribed 1841; LOCO-FOCO/ LINE below. '
With attached contemporary ribbon.
Rulau HT 817; Low -
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20 viewsUNITED STATES, Hard Times. Political issues.
CU Token (28.5mm, 8.53 g, 12h). Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1838.
AM I NOT A WOMAN & A SISTER, hained female slave kneeling right, raising arms in supplication; * 1838 * below UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, LIBERTY/ 1838 within wreath
Rulau HT 81; Low 54

Ex Album 33 (17 January 2019), lot 2542

June 1900 saw a brief flurry of journalistic interest in the "Am I Not A Woman & A Sister" tokens. A specimen had been found in a garden in Indiana, apparently in one of the many towns that claim a connection to the Underground Railroad, and received a glowing and fanciful write up in the local newspaper. The paper claimed that it was a "Talisman of Slavery," and used as a token to ensure safe passage along the escaped slave's route, and that it was a very rare piece. The following week a newspaper in Maine recorded that a local collector had another example, again drawing a purported connection to the Underground Railroad. Astutely, the July 1900 edition of the American Journal of Numismatics pointed out that, while an isolated use like this was possible, it was not what the tokens were originally intended for.
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77 viewsUNITED STATES, Trade Tokens. New York, New York. John H. Dayton, Union Steam Washing.
CU Token (28.5mm, 9.85 g, 12 h) Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dies by John Gibbs. Dated 1837
Laureate head of Liberty right; above, E. PLURIBUS UNUM on ribbon; thirteen stars around; 1837; c/m: small D above, '61' in white ink to left
* JAY. H. DAYTONS. UNION STEAM WASHING EST./ * 17th St. NEAR 5th AVENUE * NY/, WASHING/ DONE FOR/ SHIPS. ST BOATS/ HOTELS &/ PRIVATE FAMILIES
Rulau HT 249, Low 114

Ex Don Miller Collection; William Dunham Collection (B. Max Mehl, 3 August 1941), lot 2680
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Y04281.jpg
36 viewsSYRIA, Uncertain. Eloucion?
Magistrate, 2nd-3rd century AD.
PB Tessera (17mm, 3.06 g, 11 h)
HΛOV CION, bust of Shamash right, atop eagle(?)
Nike advancing left; star above crescent before, wheel below
Unpublished

The bust of Shamash (or perhaps Sol) on the obverse is distinctly Syrian in nature. Additionally, the style is dramatically different from the issues of Asia Minor.
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Asia_Minor_tessera.jpg
24 viewsUNCERTAIN EAST
Circa 300 BC - 100 AD?
PB Tessera (20mm, 3.79 g)
Two punches: bee, Λ A flanking; Nike advancing facing, head right
Blank
Gülbay & Kireç -; Lang & Crosby -; Howgego -

The first punch depicts a bee with a long, cylindrical body, triangular pointed wings, and globular eyes with the letters Λ and A flanking. A second, added later over the edge of the first, shows Nike striding boldly forward with her head slightly to the right. The elegant engraving of the punches, both unlisted as countermarks in Howgego, contrasts starkly with the rough, unfinished flan. Although the basic types of Nike and a bee are common at Ephesos, the fabric and style differ from the issues of that city. Neither does the piece fit with the tokens found in the Athenian Agora. All considered, this piece appears consistent with what one would expect from a temporary token or entry pass, possibly of the pre-Roman period.
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83 viewsEAST AFRICA, Kilwa Sultanate. Suleyman bin al-Hasan. AH 702-717 / AD 1302-1316
Æ Fals (23mm, 2.06 g, 11 h). Kilwa Kisiwani mint.
Inscription in two lines; star at center
Inscription in three lines
Album 1183; Walker, Kilwa 3; SICA 10, 602-11; Zeno 87052 (this coin)

Acquired in the 1960's, likely through circulation in Dar-es-Salaam.

The dating is adapted from Chittick ("On the Chronology of the sultans of Kilwa" in NC 13, 1973) - Bosworth (The New Islamic Dynasties) gives different dates. However, considering the uncertain nature of both the chronologies and how they relate to the coinage, particularly in light of the finds at Songo Mnara, all dates should be considered hypothetical.
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26 viewsEGYPT, Antinoöpolis
PB Tessera – Dichalkon
Draped bust of Antinous right, wearing hem-hem crown(?);[Δ]/I downward to left, X/A downward to right
Tyche standing right, holding rudder and cornucopia; [Λ/K] downwards to left, [O/N] downwards to right

This piece is extremely important for the study of lead tokens in Roman Egypt. The legend reads DIXALKON, normally a bronze denomination. Leads bearing denominational names are known from only a few specimens (see Köln 3502, for one such piece from Memphis), including one of this type in Dattari (Savio).
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23 viewsEGYPT, Aphroditopolis
PB Tessera (15mm, 3.02 g, 4 h)
Old man standing right, leaning on staff (Anchises?)
Aphrodite seated facing on rock, head right, raising arms to cover breast
Milne 5320-4; Dattari (Savio) 11851-2; Köln -

Assuming that the types of Aphroditopolis uniformly bear relation to the goddess, the elderly male figure on the obverse presents an enigma. Perhaps the man is Anchises, the father of Aeneas. While he was certainly younger during his dalliances with Aphrodite, the artist could presumably have been influenced by the Virgilian image of an elderly man.
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Arsinoe_tessera.JPG
78 viewsEGYPT, Arsinoe (Krokodilopolis).
PB Tessera (25mm, 5.65 g, 12 h)
Head of pharoah right, wearing nemes crown and postiche; papyrus branch before
ΠΟΛЄωC ΑΡCЄΝΟЄΙΤωΝ (retrograde)
Sobek (crocodile) right on a pedestal, solar disk above; all within laurel wreath tied at the bottom
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) 6423; Köln 3495

Ex Elsen 58 (12 June 1999), lot 1634
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45 viewsEGYPT, Arsinoe (Krokodilopolis).
PB Tessera (24mm, 4.89 g)
Head of Pharoah right; papyrus branch before
ΑΡCΙΝΟЄΙΤωΝ Φ ΠΟΛЄωC (retrograde)
Sobek (crocodile) right on a pedestal, solar disk above; all within laurel wreath tied at the bottom
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) 6423; Köln 3495

From a German collection, with a mid-1970's Galiere Antiker Kunst ticket.
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45 viewsEGYPT, Memphis
PB Tessera (24mm, 5.76 g, 11 h)
Nilus reclining left on hippopotamus, holding cornucopia and reeds, being crowned by Euthenia advancing right
Isis-Hekate triformis standing facing, holding uraeus and resting arm on Apis bull standing left with solar disk between horns; to left, small figure standing right; MEMΦIC to right
Milne 5279; Dattari (Savio) 6419; Köln 3501
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23 viewsEGYPT, Oxyrhynchus
PB Tessera (25mm, 9.10 g, 2h)
Athena standing left, holding Nike and long scepter, all within distyle temple with pellet in pediment
Nike advancing left, holding palm frond and wreath; OΞ to left
Milne 5312-4; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln 3534 (same dies)
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27 viewsEGYPT, Uncertain
PB Tessera (18mm, 2.83 , 1 h)
Tyche reclining left on couch (hiera klinê, or lectisternium), holding rudder in outstretched right hand and resting head on raised left set on pillow; all within distyle temple with pellet in pediment
Hercules standing left, holding club and small figure of Telesphorus
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln -; Roma E-Live 3 (25 October 2018), lot 484 (same dies)
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00032x00.jpg
18 viewsCaracalla. AD 198-217.
AR Denarius (19mm, 2.70 g, 6 h)
Britain? Copying a Rome mint issues of AD 212/214
Laureate head right
Annona seated left, holding grain ears over modius and cornucopia
Cf. RIC IV 195

Purportedly found in Britain
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20 viewsCaracalla. AD 198-217.
Æ Denarius (19mm, 2.90 g, 5 h)
Copying a Rome mint issue of AD 212-213.
Laureate head right
Moneta standing facing, holding scales and cornucopia
Cf. RIC IV 224
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107 viewsROME. temp. Hadrian-Antoninus Pius. Circa AD 120-161
Æ Quadrans (16mm, 2.94 g, 7h)
Rome mint
Petasus
Winged caduceus; S C flanking
Weigel 18; RIC II 32; Cohen 36

Weigel reconsiders the anonymous quadrantes as a cohesive group. The seriesportrays a pantheon of eleven deities: Jupiter, Minerva, Roma, Neptune, Tiber, Mars, Venus, Apollo, Mercury, Bacchus/Liber, and Hercules. Types are primarily a portrait of the god, with an attribute on the reverse and are usually influenced by (but not directly copied from) earlier designs, primarily from the Republic. He updates the series to the reigns of Hadrian and Antoninus.
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00091x00.jpg
93 viewsCANADA, Tokens. Nova Scotia. William IV. King of Great Britain, 1830-1837.
CU Penny Token (34.5 mm, 14.27 g, 6 h)
Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1832, but struck circa 1835.
PROVINCE OF NOVA SCOTIA
Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
ONE PENNY TOKEN, thistle with two leaves; 1832 below
Charlton NS-4A2; Breton 870

Canadian catalogs traditionally give this issue to an illicit mint in Montreal. Wayne Jacobs1 argues that these were struck in Belleville. While his methodology is somewhat questionable - most of his theory is based off a unreliable editorial in an 1893 edition of the Newark Sunday Call - his reasoning regarding this series is sound. He is able to clearly demonstrate that the halfpenny and penny tokens in question are a product of a single, cohesive establishment which could not have been located in Lower Canada. Finally, Jacobs' claim can be supported by documentary evidence from the Belleville mint's primary competitor, the Scoville Company of Waterbury, Connecticut. A letter from J.M.L. to W.H. Scoville, dated April 4 1839, states that, "a competitor was stamping Canada Nova Scotia and Southern coins at 35 cents a pound."

1. Jacobs, Wayne. 1996. “The Shadowy Issues of the Belleville Mint.” Canadian Numismatic Journal 41 1: 13–26.
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26 viewsCANADA, Nova Scotia. William IV King of Great Britain, 1830-1837
CU Halfpenny Token
Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1832, but struck circa 1835
PROVINCE OF NOVA SCOTIA, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
HALFPENNY TOKEN, thistle with two leaves; 1832 below
Charlton NS-3A1; Corteau 277; Breton 871

The first obverse die for the series. This obverse would be extensively reused, eventually rusting, being polished and re-engraved, and develop the diagnostic die break before the nose.
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16 viewsCANADA, Nova Scotia. William IV King of Great Britain, 1830-1837
CU Halfpenny Token
Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1832, but struck circa 1835
PROVINCE OF NOVA SCOTIA, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
HALFPENNY TOKEN, thistle with two leaves; 1832 (over 1382) below
Charlton NS-3C; Corteau 281; Breton 871

This reverse die was initially engraved with the anachronistic date 1382, but was quickly caught and corrected, leaving only a handful of that extremely rare variety known today.
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25 viewsVolusian. AD 251-253
Æ Antoninianus? (17mm, 1.83 g)
Copying an uncertain issue
Radiate, [draped, and cuirrassed] bust right
Blank

A most curious piece. The attribution to Volusian is suggested by the shape of the facial hair and the generally youthful portrait.
1 commentsArdatirion
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55 viewsROME. temp. Domitian-Antoninus Pius. Circa AD 81-160
Æ Quadrans (16mm, 3.99 g, 12 h)
Rome mint
Griffin seated left, paw on wheel
Tripod; S C flanking
Weigel 15; RIC II 28; Cohen 38

Weigel reconsiders the anonymous quadrantes as a cohesive group. The seriesportrays a pantheon of eleven deities: Jupiter, Minerva, Roma, Neptune, Tiber, Mars, Venus, Apollo, Mercury, Bacchus/Liber, and Hercules. Types are primarily a portrait of the god, with an attribute on the reverse and are usually influenced by (but not directly copied from) earlier designs, primarily from the Republic. He updates the series to the reigns of Hadrian and Antoninus.
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Caracalla_AE19_of_Serdica,_Thrace.jpg
Caracalla AE19 of Serdica, Thrace46 viewsCaracalla
Thrace, Serdica
AE 19
laureate bust r.
AVT K M AV CEV ANTΩNINOC
Thanatos leaning on inverted torch
CEPΔΩN
Moushmov 4829
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47 viewsHAITI, Premier République. Jean Pierre Boyer. President, 1825-1843
Brass 50 Centimes (25.5mm, 4.26 g, 12h)
Contemporary counterfeit. Dated L'An 25 of the Republic (AD 1828/9)
J * BOYER * PRESIDENTE *, AN 25
Bust left
REPUBLIQUE D'HAITI */ 50 * C
Palm tree flanked by cannon and banners
KM 20a; cf. Arroyo 105 (for official issue); Lissade 96; iNumis 25, lot 1352

On 1 June 1835, local officials arrested engraver Joseph Gardner of Belleville on charges of counterfeiting. When searching his house, officials discovered dies for Spanish 8 reales in various states of completion, coining implements, a bag of gold dust, and several bags of "spurious Haytien coppers." Yet Gardner was not the only individual striking illicit Haitian coins. James Bishop of neighboring Bloomfield, New Jersey had been arrested several months before, and a third person was responsible for the issue brought to Haiti by Jeremiah Hamilton.

Today, two distinct issues of counterfeits can be identified: a group of 25 and 50 Centimes, clearly related in fabric, and two different dates of 100 Centimes. The smaller denominations are most often found lacking a silver plating, while the plating year 26 100 Centimes is fine enough to deceive the likes of NGC and Heritage. Additionally, there are a handful year 27 100 centimes overstruck on US large cents. While I have not yet found a regular strike from these dies, they are the most likely candidate for Belleville's production.
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35 viewsUNITED STATES TOKENS, Civil War. Wooster, Ohio. James B. Childs
CU Token (19mm, 3.06 g, 6 h)
Thistle; UNITED WE STAND above, DIVIDED WE FALL below
JAMES B. CHILDS/ CLOTHING/ HATS, CAPS/ &/ TRUNKS/ WOOSTER OHIO
Rulau 975D-1a
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00057x00.jpg
32 viewsPHILIPPINES, Insular Government. 1901-1935.
Proof CU Half Centavo (18mm, 2.63 g, 6h)
Philadelphia mint. Dated 1903.
· UNITED STATES OF AMERICA · 1903
Eagle standing facing atop shield, head left, with wings spread, clutching a palm branch and bundle of arrows
HALF CENTAVO FILIPINAS
Male figure seated against anvil, resting hammer; in distance, Mt. Mayon
Allen 1.01; cf. Basso 110 (for business strike)

Ex Cookie Jar Collectibles MBS X (31 July 2007), lot 270
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IMG_1361.JPG
64 viewsUNITED STATES, Native proto-currency. Seneca tribe.
Ganounata village (Honeoye Falls, NY). Circa AD 1625-1687
White wampum beads (apx. 5mm, 0.10g each)
Carved white shell beads with lateral hole for suspension in belt
Cf. William Martin Beauchamp, Wampum and Shell Articles Used by the New York Indians, p. 369

Found at the Dann Farm site in Honeoye Falls, NY.


In 1687 combined French and Huron forces, lead by the Marquis de Denonville, set out to undermine the strength of the Iriquois Confederacy. The main strike was made against Seneca villages in Western New York. Ganounata was burned during the campaign. This episode was only one in a long line of conflicts fought over control of the North American fur trade.

Wampum was used by Native Americans in woven belts of white and black beads. The white beads were crafted from the columella of the Channeled Whelk, the black from the quahog. Traditionally, wampum belts were used as a ceremonial object to initiate a trade contract. It was only with the coming of the Europeans that wampum began to function as coinage. In 1673, New York state officially set the value of wampum at six white beads to the Dutch stuiver, or three black until they fell out of use.
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48 viewsUNITED STATES, Native proto-currency. Northern Pacific coast. 18th-early19th century
Shell “kop-kop” (29mm by 6mm, 0.38 g)
Tubular shell of the dentalium genus of mollusks
Robert Stearns, Ethno-conchology: A Study of Primitive Money p. 314-321

Ex Detroit Museum of Art

Kop-kops were smaller or damaged pieces of hi-qua shells and circulated as a fraction of the hi-qua. Use of this shell type as currency ranged from northern California to Alaska.
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46 viewsUNITED STATES TOKENS, Hard Times. Political issues
CU Cent Token (28mm, 8.11 g, 5 h)
Dies by William Eaves for the Scoville Co. of Waterbury, Connecticut.
Dually dated 1827 and 1835. Struck 1837.
MERCHANT EXCHANGE WALL ST N. YORK, facade of bank, BUILT 1827/ BURNT 1835
MILLIONS FOR DEFENCE, NOT/ ONE/ CENT/ FOR TRIBUTE within wreath
Rulau HT 293; Low -
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20 viewsUNITED STATES, Trade Tokens. Wooster, Ohio. Archer House. Circa 1878-1966
AL Twenty-five Cent Token (24mm, 1.48 g, 11h)
ARCHER HOUSE -:- around central hole
GOOD FOR/ 25¢/ IN TRADE

Archer House hotel was constructed in 1878 on the corner of Buckeye and Liberty Streets, on the site of the earlier wood frame Washington House tavern. The founders, tailor E.B. Connelly and his sister-in-law Melinda, named the establishment after Melinda's deceased son, Archer. Melinda Connelly later remarried to A.M. Parrish, with whom she would operate the hotel until her death. The property passed to heir great-grandson, on who's behalf it was sold to Dr. Alonzo Smith in 1923. Archer House was finally purchased by Robert Freeman in 1964, and was razed in 1966. Today, a two story professional building stands on the spot.
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21 viewsUNITED STATES, Trade Tokens. Wooster, Ohio. Archer House. Circa 1878-1966.
AL Ten Cent Token (22.5mm, 1.28 g, 2h)
ARCHER HOUSE -:- around central hole
GOOD FOR/ 10¢/ IN TRADE
Lipscomb WO 8051; TC 226639

Archer House hotel was constructed in 1878 on the corner of Buckeye and Liberty Streets, on the site of the earlier wood frame Washington House tavern. The founders, tailor E.B. Connelly and his sister-in-law Melinda, named the establishment after Melinda's deceased son, Archer. Melinda Connelly later remarried to A.M. Parrish, with whom she would operate the hotel until her death. The property passed to heir great-grandson, on who's behalf it was sold to Dr. Alonzo Smith in 1923. Archer House was finally purchased by Robert Freeman in 1964, and was razed in 1966. Today, a two story professional building stands on the spot.
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16 viewsUNITED STATES, Trade Tokens. Wooster, Ohio. Archer House. Circa 1878-1966.
AL Five Cent Token (21.5mm, 1.16 g, 8h)
ARCHER HOUSE -:- around central hole
GOOD FOR/ 5¢/ IN TRADE

Archer House hotel was constructed in 1878 on the corner of Buckeye and Liberty Streets, on the site of the earlier wood frame Washington House tavern. The founders, tailor E.B. Connelly and his sister-in-law Melinda, named the establishment after Melinda's deceased son, Archer. Melinda Connelly later remarried to A.M. Parrish, with whom she would operate the hotel until her death. The property passed to heir great-grandson, on who's behalf it was sold to Dr. Alonzo Smith in 1923. Archer House was finally purchased by Robert Freeman in 1964, and was razed in 1966. Today, a two story professional building stands on the spot.
Ardatirion
973330.jpg
32 viewsBRITISH TOKENS, Tudor. temp. Mary–Edward VI.1553-1558.
PB Token (27mm, 5.29 g). St. Nicholas (‘Boy Bishop’) type. Cast in East Anglia (Bury St. Edmund’s?)
Mitre, croizer to right; all within border
Long cross pattée with trefoils in angles; scrollwork border
Rigold, Tokens class X.B, 1; Mitchiner & Skinner group Ra, 1

Ex Classical Numismatic Review XXXIX.1 (Spring 2014), no. 973330

Britain in the late middle ages played host to a popular regional variant of the ‘Feast of Fools’ festival. Every year on the feast of St. Nicholas, a boy was elected from among the local choristers to serve as ‘bishop.’ Dressed in mitre and bearing the croizer of his office, the young boy paraded through the city accompanied by his equally youthful ‘priest’ attendants. The ‘bishop’ performed all the ceremonies and offices of the real bishop, save for the actual conducting of mass. Though this practice was extinguished with the Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1539, it was briefly revived under Queen Mary, who took particular interest in the festival, when the lucky boy was referred to as ‘Queen Mary’s Child.’ The celebration of the boy bishop died out completely early in the reign of Elizabeth.

Evidence of this custom is particularly prevalent in East Anglia, specifically at Bury St. Edmunds. Beginning in the late 15th century, the region produced numerous lead tokens bearing the likeness of a bishop, often bearing legends relating to the festival of St. Nicholas. Issued in sizes roughly corresponding to groats, half groats, and pennies, these pieces were undoubtedly distributed by the boy bishop himself, and were likely redeemable at the local abbey or guild for treats and sweetmeats. Considering the endemic paucity of small change in Britain at the time, it is likely that, at least in parts of East Anglia, these tokens entered circulation along with the other private lead issues that were becoming common.
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25 viewsUNCERTAIN
PB Tessera (14mm, 3.62 g, 12 h)
Pilei of the Dioscuri
Caduceus; LLL(?) to left

This piece is significantly thicker than expected for a small coin of the Roman era. There is a possibility this is an unpublished Hellenistic lead denomination.
Ardatirion
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Richard I: denier au fronton (Rouen)12 viewsRichard I, duke of Normandy (943-996)
Denier au fronton (Rouen, circa 960-980)

Silver, 1.17 g, diameter 20 mm, die axis 3 h
A/ +RICΛRDVS I ; cross pattée with four pellets around
R/ ROTOMΛGVS ; temple with a pointed pediment, on top of it a small cross interrupts the legend. Below, an X with four pellets around, and a dash below
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Hugh Magnus: denier (Orléans)12 viewsHugh Magnus (Hugues de France in french) (1007-1025)
Denier (Orléans)

Billon, 1.28 g, diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 12h
O/ +D-I DEXTRA BE; city gate with an H on the left, a V below, a G on the right and a O on the top
R/ +AVRELIANIS CIVITAS; cross pattée

Hugh was the elder son of Robert II (the Pious), second capetian king of the Franks (996-1031). Hugues was crowned as an associate king in 1017. However, he died before his father and consequently he never ruled. No other son of a king of France had been called Hugh.

The obverse legend is a Christian one: dei dextra benedictus (blessed on God's right). As usual for Orléans mint, the I after the L in Avrelianis is in the angle.
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D.175 Charles the Great [Charlemagne] (denier, class 3, Bourges)16 viewsCharles the Great, king of the Franks (768-840) and Holy Roman emperor (800-814)
Denier (Bourges, class 3, 781-800)

Silver, 1.18 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 3h

O/ [+CA]RLVS REX FR; cross pattée with a crescent in each quarter
R/ [+B]ITVRICA[S]; carolingian monogram KRLS

For the 3rd type of his coinage, Charles the Great introduced the famous KRLS monogram. This one contains all the letters of Karolvs : the consonants are clearly written at the edges and bound by a lozenge. The vowels are at the center of the monogram: A (using the upper part of the lozenge, O as the whole lozenge and V as the down part of the lozenge).
This monogram still appeared two centuries later in the coinage of Hugh Capet, first capetian king.
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Bastien 277 Postumus: double sestertius (Herc Pacifero)14 viewsPostumus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (260-269)
Antoninianus: Herc Pacifero (264-265/6, mint II)

Bronze, 15.52 g, diameter 26 mm, die axis 11h

A/ IMP C M CASS LAT POSTVMVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ HERC-PACIFERO; Hercules, standing left, holding olive branch, club and lion’s skin
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11 viewsGERMANY, Kriegsgeld. Bottrop
FE 10 Pfennigen (21mm, 4.08 g, 12h)
Dated 1919
STADT BOTTROP, tower of Bottrop City Hall
KRIEGSGELD 1918/ 10/ * PFENNIG *
Ardatirion
louis1-denier-melle-lin.JPG
D.609 Louis the Pious (denier, Melle, class 2)49 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Denier (Melle, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 1.48 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 3 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée
R/ META / . / LLVM

Louis' deniers correspond to his father's (Charles the Great) ``novus denarius'', whose weight is supposed to be near 1.7 g with a certain variability.

This denier is typical of Class 2 of Louis' coinage (819-822).
A circular inscription of the name of the ruler surrounds a cross pattée on the observe. The quite surprising Hlvdovvicvs initially comes from the germanic name Chlodowig ("Clovis"). This one was first transcribed to latin as Chlodowicvs. The initial C then disappeared, which explains the H at the beginning. The w(=vv) finally became a standard v, which gave Lvdovicvs (Louis). The imperial title imp is also given.

The reverse consists of the mint name, in field. The mint name may be split in 2 or 3 lines.
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D.613var Louis the Pious (obol, Melle, class 2)34 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Obol (Melle, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 0.74 g, 17 mm diameter, die axis 9 h

O/ LVDO / VVIC
R/ +METALLVM; cross pattée

As the value of a denier was quite important (a sheep typically cost 10 deniers during Charles the Great's reign), a smaller coin was needed. Clearly speaking, an obol is a half-denier. The carolingian coinage is typically one of silver deniers and obols. Obols and deniers were usually produced by pairs of the same kind.

Contrary to the related denier, the name of the ruler is here in the field and the mint name surrounds a cross pattée.
The absence of the imperial title made think that the coin had been struck when Louis was king of Aquitaine (before the death of Charles the Great). However there are similar obols with out of Aquitain mints. The absence of the imperial title (as well as an abbreviated name Lvdovvic instead of Hlvdovvicvs) may be due to a lack of space.
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D.611 Louis the Pious (denier, Melle, class 2)33 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Denier (Melle, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 1.77 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 6 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée
R/ +METALLVM; cross pattée

The obsverse is similar to the previous denier. The difference is that the mint name is around a cross pattée on the reverse. This type is scarer than the one with the mint name in the field. The presence of both types in a hoard shows that both date from the beginning of Louis' reign and belong to the same Class 2.
Grierson and Blackburn suggest that this difference is due to a misunderstanding of the mint instructions.
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D.612var Louis the Pious (obol, Melle, class 2)32 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Obol (Melle, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 0.78 g, 15.5 mm diameter, die axis 2 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS MP; cross pattée
R/ +METALLVM; cross pattée

The obol of this type is simply a reduced size version but is identical to the related denier.

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D.1179 Louis the Pious (denier, class 3)51 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
"Temple" denier (unknown mint, class 3, 822-840)

Silver, 1.56 g, 20.5 mm diameter, die axis 3 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée with 4 pellets
R/ +XPISTIANA RELIGIO; temple

The XPISTIANA should be read "χρISTIANA", nice mix of greek and latin letters.

This is the most common carolingian coin (Class 3 of Louis' coinage).
The obverse is the same as Class 2. However, the reverse is a signature of the alliance between the Carolingians and the Roman Church, which began with Louis' father (Charles the Great) and the systematic introduction of a cross on coins. Louis carried on...

There is no indication of the mint name on this coinage. This fact is generally interpreted as a reinforcement of the imperial autority. Many people tried to localize the precise location of mints. Simon Coupland proposed an attribution, using stylistic similarities to other coins of well known mints. Some cases are easy to attribute but not this one (maybe Quentovic or Verdun ?)...

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D.1176 Lothar I (denier)7 viewsLothar I, Holy Roman emperor (840-855), king of Middle Francia (843-855) and Italy (818-855)
"Temple" denier (unknown mint, 84-855)

Silver, 1.09 g, 17-20 mm diameter, die axis 12 h

O/ +HLOTΛPIVS ΛGVS; cross pattée with 4 pellets
R/ +XPISTIANA RELIGIO; temple

Lothar I re-used the temple type, which had been made popular by his father Louis the Pious. However, it was minted by Lothar in much smaller quantities.
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Louis IV: denier (Angoulême)12 viewsAs Louis d'Outremer, king of the Franks (936-954)
Immobilized denier (10th-12th century)

Billon, 0.81 g, 18.5 mm diameter, die axis 9h
O/ +LODOICVS; cross pattée
R/ +EGOLISSIME; 4 rings around a small cross pattée

This type of coin was immobilized from the end of the 10th century till the 13th century by the counts of Angoulême.
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D.621 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1a, Melle)25 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Melle, class 1a, 840-864)

Silver, 1.70 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 9h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX FR; cross pattée
R/ META / • / LLVM

Class 1 of Charles the Bald's coinage is made of totally different types of coins, which may reflect the state of the kingdom after 3 years of civil war and the division of the Empire.

Class 1a: mint in the field, with a linear legend
Class 1b: bust
Class 1c: city gate
Class 1d: KRLS monogram
Class 1e: temple

Coupland suggests that this particular scarce type (with META/LLVM on the reverse) had been minted from June 848, just after Charles the Bald finally defeated his nephew Pippin II for Aquitaine's control. The aim of minting a special type like this was to show a clear difference with the previsous coinage of Pippin II. A little later, Charles the Blad went on with the typical coinage of Melle (monogram ; circular mint name).
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D.197 Charles II the Bald (obol, class 1a, Bourges, Aquitaine)20 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Obol (Bourges, Aquitaine, class 1a, 848-849 ?)

Silver, 0.80 g, 17 mm diameter, die axis 5h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX ; cross pattée
R/ AQUI / • / TANIA

The obols of Charles the Bald with AQUITANIA on the reverse are thought to have been minted in Bourges due to hoard studies. For instance, Chaumoux-Marcilly (small village near Bourges) hoard was found in 1930. It had in it 40 coins of Charles the Bald: 20 from Bourges, 17 obols with AQVITANIA, 2 from Melle and one from Orléans. This hoard is consequently supposed to be made of local coins, and AQVITANIA obols of Charles the Bald are supposed to have been minted in Bourges.

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D.725 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1c, Orléans)16 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier with a gate (Orléans, class 1c, 840-864)

Silver, 1.26 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 5h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX FR; cross pattée with four pellets
R/ +ΛVRE-LI-ΛINS; city gate with two pellets on sides

The gate motif goes back to Roman times and was used by early Carolingians (and Capetians later).
There is a small misprint on the reverse : +ΛVRE-LI-ΛINS instead +ΛVRE-LI-ΛNIS
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D.627 Charles II the Bald (denier ?, class 1d, Melle)16 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Melle ?, class 1d, 840-864)

Silver, 1.35 g, 20.5 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX R; cross pattée
R/ +METxVLLO; carolingian monogram

The x in METxVLLO on the reverse has been widely discussed.
For instance, Depeyrot understands it as an immobilization/feudal issue. The crude style of theses deniers and the lightly degenerate legend of this one (CARLVS REX R instead of REX FR) seems in coherence with this hypothesis. However, the x is always at the same place.
Moreover, this type of coin has been found in the Brioux hoard, which may be datable to the beginning of Charles the Bald's reign. Grierson and Blackburn suggest that these coins with x were mainly minted in Poitiers. Using the legend of the close Melle mint allowed to take advantage of the reputation of Melle coinage.
Coupland proposes that this METxVLLO type came after the METVLLO type after 860 and until round 925. Then, it was replaced by the MET/ALO type. In order to explain the differences of interpretation, Coupland thinks that several hoards were wrongly dated or described.
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D.375 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Courcessin?)35 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Courcessin?, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 1.43 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R/ +I.CVRTISΛSONIEH; cross pattée

In 864, Charles the Bald promulgated the edict of Pîtres, huge reform whose aim was to protect the kingdom from Viking raids. It also reinforced royal authority on minting, and created a new type of deniers . The new coins could be only struck at 10 mints (Palace, Chalon sur Saône, Melle, Narbonne, Orléans, Paris, Quentovic, Reims, Rouen and Sens). This limitation had never been applied, more than 110 mints struck the new coinage. This can be understood as a lack of control of the central autority. However it seems that several mints shared dies... Grierson and Blackburn proposed that only 10 main mints produced dies and partially outsourced coinage production ?
On the obverse is written GRATIA D-I REX (GDR) around a carolingian monogram. The alliance with Roman Church goes on... The reverse already existed for Class 1, with the mint name around a cross pattée.
Class 2 of Charles' coinage is made of these GDR deniers.

The precise localization of the mint in Normandie (north of France) is still not clear. According to Grierson and Blackburn, Courti(s) Sasonien(sis) may come from some groups of Saxons settled in northern part of Gaul.
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D.727 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Orléans)14 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Orléans, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 1.80 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 5h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R/ +ΛVRELIΛNIS CIVITΛS; cross pattée

This is another typical example of Class 2 (GDR type).
Cenabum was a gallic stronghold of the Carnute tribe. It was conquered and destroyed by Caesar in 52 BC, and then maybe rebuilt by the emperor Aurelian. This may be the origin the city's name.
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Dy.001 Hugh Capet: denier (Beauvais)19 viewsHugh Capet, king of the Franks (987-996) and Hervé, Bishop of Beauvais (987-998)
Denier (Beauvais)

Silver, 1.19 g, diameter 21 mm, die axis 9h
O: [HERV]EVS HVGO RE[X] ; cross pattée with 2 pellets
R: BE[LVΛC]VS CIVITΛS ; carolingian monogram KRLS

Although Hugh Capet was the founder of the capetian dynasty, his coinage contains a carolingian monogram. It may have been a way to show the continuity of the royal authority. The presence of the bishop Hervé is not really understood on this nearly only coinage of Hugh Capet as king of the Franks (obols of the same type are also known, as well as a unique denier of Laon).
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Dy.190C Louis IX (Saint Louis): Gros tournois57 viewsLouis IX, king of France (1226-1270)
Gros tournois (1266-1270)

Silver (958 ‰), 3.94 g, diameter 26 mm, die axis 12h
O: inner circle: +LVDOVICVS REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BHDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV.XPI
R: inner circle: +TVRONVS CIVIS; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

The full transcription of the obverse is: benedictvm sit nomen domini nostri dei Jesu Christi, which means ``blessed is the name of our Lord Jesus Christ'' (XPI is in fact a mix of greek and latin letters: χρI[STI]). This choice of religious legend is not surprising for a king as pious as Louis IX.

The value of the denier had become too small for use in commerce. So Louis IX introduced the Gros Tournois in 1266, with a value of 12 deniers tournois (12 is the number of lis, and also of letters of the obverse and reverse legends !). Gros means ``big'' or``thick'', and tournois ``of Tours'' (Tours is a french city). The inner part of a Gros tournois is similar to a denier tournois. An outer circle has been added with the christian legend on the obverse and 12 fleur-de-lis (symbol of French kingship) on the reverse.

Gros tournois were struck in France and entire Europe during one century.
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Dy.238 Philip V (the Tall): Gros tournois 25 viewsPhilip V, king of France (1316-1322)
Gros tournois (1318)

Silver (958 ‰), 3.93 g, diameter 26mm, die axis 12h

O: inner circle: +PhILIPPVS(hammer)REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BHDICTV⋮
SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV⋮XPI
R: inner circle: +TVRONVS(hammer)CIVIS; châtel tournois;
outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

At first sight, Philip V's gros tournois are very similar to his father's ones. However, the general style is quite different: Philip V's tournois have a stretched castle, thiner letters with more space between them (especially for TVRONVS CIVIS), n of nOmЄ is an n but not an N) and ⋮ instead of . between IhV and XPI. Moreover, it is commonly thought that a hammer (like here) or a crescent separating TVRONVS/CIVIS and PHILIPPVS/REX is a typical feature of Philip V.

Philip V's gros tournois are scarcer than Philip IV's. His reign was shorter and a silver lack prevented him from minting as much as he wanted. Philip had to forbid the production of silver items like dishes in order to keep silver for minting.
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Dy.243 Charles IV (the Fair): maille blanche, 1st emission7 viewsCharles IV, king of France (1322-1328)
Maille blanche, 1st emission (03/02/1324)

Silver (798 ‰), 1.82 g, diameter 22 mm, die axis 2h
O: inner circle: +kAROLVS(diamond)REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BHDICTV⋮SIT#8942nOmЄ⋮DHI⋮nRI
R: inner circle: +FRANChORVm*; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 10 fleur-de-lis

The h of FRANChORVm is characteristic of the first emission.

Charles was the younger and third son of former king Philip the Fair. He was consequently not supposed to rule. However, as his two brothers successively died without any living son, he became king in 1322. Six years later, he also died without a male heir. So ended up the capetian senior line in 1328.
The legend began then... Jacques de Molay, last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, had cursed King Philip the Fair and his descendants from his execution pyr in 1314. Was the curse finally efficient ?
Charles'cousin, his nearest parent, became then king of France as Philip VI.
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Dy.244C Charles IV (the Fair): double Parisis, 3rd emission44 viewsCharles IV, king of France (1322-1328)
Double parisis, 3rd emission (07/24/1326)

Billon (319 ‰), 1.10 g, diameter 20 mm, die axis 3h
O: +kAROLVS REX(clover); crown with fleur-de-lis and a small ring below
R: +mOnETA DVPLEX; cross with fleur-de-lis

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Dy.262C Philip VI (of Valois): Gros à la couronne, 4th emission17 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros à la couronne, 4th emission (04/06/1340)

White billon (479 ‰), 2.16 g, diameter 24 mm, die axis 3h
O: inner circle: PhI-LIP-PVS-REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée and 4 ringlets at its boundaries; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮nOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; châtel tournois under a crown and 2 fleurs-de-lis, with a ring inside; a circlet of 10 fleur-de-lis and a small cross

The silver content goes on lowering.
The ring in the chatel is characteristic of the 4th emission.
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Dy.265 Philip VI (of Valois): Gros à la queue33 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros à la queue (09/27/1348 and 01/15/1349)

White billon (479 ‰), 3.33 g, diameter 26 mm, die axis 6h
O: inner circle: (crown)PhILIP-PVS.REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮nOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV⋮XPI
R: inner circle: +TVRONVS.CIVIS; châtel tournois with 3 archs under a crown; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

This Gros was struck at the end of Philip's reign and contains a quite small amount of silver.
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D.1155 Louis II the Stammerer (denier, Visé)5 viewsLouis II the Stammerer, king of the Franks (877-879)
Denier (Tours)

Silver, 0,79 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 8h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS REX; KRLS monogram of Charles (legend beginning at 10h)
R/ +IN VICO VIOSΛTO; croix pattée

The KRLS (Karolus) monogram appears on this coinage of Louis II. One can imagine that there hadn't been much time to think about a new monogram just after Charles II's death.

Louis II was physically quite weak and died 2 years after his father Charles II. His reign was consequently very short.
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RIC.abs Postumus: antoninianus (Salvs Provinciarvm)10 viewsPostumus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (260-269)
Antoninianus: Salvs Provinciarvm (1st emission, 1st phase, 260, Trèves)

Billon (200 ‰), 2.19 g, diameter 23 mm, die axis 6h

A/ IMP C M CASS LAT POSTIMVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ SALVS PROVINCIARVM; the Rhine god recumbent left, right hand on vessel and left hand holding a scepter or a reed

EG.1
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RIC.87 Postumus: antoninianus (Salvs Provinciarvm)10 viewsPostumus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (260-269)
Antoninianus: Salvs Provinciarvm (1st emission, 2ond phase, 260-261, Trèves)

Billon (200 ‰), 3.23 g, diameter 21 mm, die axis 1h

A/ IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ SALVS PROVINCIARVM; the horned Rhine god recumbent left, right hand on vessel and left hand holding a scepter or a reed

EG.9
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RIC.64 Postumus: antoninianus (Herc Devsoniensi)9 viewsPostumus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (260-269)
Antoninianus: Herc Devsoniensi (1st emission, 3rd phase, 261, Trèves)

Billon (200 ‰), 2.40 g, diameter 23 mm, die axis 1h

A/ IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ HERC DEVSONIENSI; Hercules standing right, leaning on club, holding bow and lion's skin

EG.15
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RIC.73 Postumus: antoninianus (Laetitia Avg)21 viewsPostumus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (260-269)
Antoninianus: Laetitia Avg (1st emission, 3rd phase, 261, Trèves)

Billon (200 ‰), 3.63 g, diameter 23 mm, die axis 1h

A/ IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ LAETITIA / AVG in exergue; galley left with 4 rowers and pilot

EG.19
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RIC.54 Postumus: antoninianus (PM TR P COS II PP)7 viewsPostumus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (260-269)
Antoninianus: PM TR P COIS II PP (1st emission, 3rd phase, 261, Trèves)

Billon (200 ‰), 3.13 g, diameter 23 mm, die axis 6h

A/ IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ PM TR P CO-S II PP; Emperor in military attire, standing left, holding spear and tropy

EG.19
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postume-victoria.JPG
RIC.89 Postumus: antoninianus (Victoria Avg)23 viewsPostumus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (260-269)
Antoninianus: Victoria Avg (1st emission, 3rd phase, 261, Trèves)

Billon (200 ‰), 3.25 g, diameter 21 mm, die axis 1h

A/ IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ VICT-OR-IA AVG; Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm; seated captive to left

EG.22
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postume-herc-pacifero.JPG
RIC.67 Postumus: antoninianus (Herc Pacifero)44 viewsPostumus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (260-269)
Antoninianus: Herc Pacifero (2ond emission, 2ond phase, 262, Trèves)

Billon (200 ‰), 3.37 g, diameter 20 mm, die axis 7h

A/ IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ HERC-PA-CIFERO; Hercules, standing left, holding olive branch, club and lion’s skin

Curious Postumus' big nose.

EG.27
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postume-neptvno.JPG
RIC.76 Postumus: antoninianus (Neptvno Redvci)16 viewsPostumus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (260-269)
Antoninianus: Neptvno Redvci (2ond emission, 2ond phase, 262, Trèves)

Billon (200 ‰), 3.40 g, diameter 21 mm, die axis 7h

A/ IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ NEPTVNO - REDVCI; Neptune standing left, holding dolphin and trident

EG.32
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RIC.93 Postumus: antoninianus (Virtvs Avg)9 viewsPostumus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (260-269)
Antoninianus: Virtvs Avg (2ond emission, 2ond phase, 262, Trèves)

Billon (200 ‰), 3.39 g, diameter 22 mm, die axis 2h

A/ IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ VIRT-VS AVG; Mars standing right, holding spear and leaning on shield

EG.35
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postume-mars.JPG
RIC.57 Postumus: antoninianus (P M TR P IIII COS III P P)18 viewsPostumus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (260-269)
Antonianus: P M TR P IIII COS III P P (3rd émission, 1st phase, 263-265, Trèves)

Billon (150 ‰), 4.27 g, diameter 21 mm, die axis 1 h

A/ IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ PP M TR P-IIII-COS III PP; Mars walking right with spear and trophy.

EG.36
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RIC.66 Postumus: antoninianus (Herc Devsoniensi)10 viewsPostumus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (260-269)
Antoninianus: Felicitas Avg (3rd emission, 1st phase, 263-265, Trèves)

Billon (150 ‰), 4.09 g, diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 7 h

A/ IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ HERC DEV-SONIENSI; Hercules standing left in temple of four columns, leaning on club and holding lion's skin


EG.40
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postume-felicitas.JPG
RIC.58 Postumus: antoninianus (Felicitas Avg)19 viewsPostumus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (260-269)
Antoninianus: Felicitas Avg (3rd emission, 2ond phase, 263-265, Trèves)

Billon (100 ‰), 2.91 g, diameter 21 mm, die axis 7 h

A/ IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ FELICI-T-AS AVG; Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus in right, cornucopia in left

EG.44
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RIC.325 Postumus: antoninianus (Saecvli Felicitas)8 viewsPostumus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (260-269)
Antoninianus: Saecvli Felicitas (4th emission, 1st phase, 266, Trèves)

Billon (100 ‰), 3.86 g, diameter 22 mm, die axis 6h

A/ IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ SAECVLI FELICITAS; emperor standing right, holding globe and spear

EG.67
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postume-salvs.JPG
RIC.86 Postumus: antoninianus (Salvs Avg)7 viewsPostumus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (260-269)
Antoninianus: Salvs Avg (4th emission, 1st phase, 266, Trèves)

Billon (100 ‰), 3.46 g, diameter 18-21 mm, die axis 7h

A/ IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ SALV-S AVG; Esculape standing, facing, looking left, leaning on a staff on which a snake is wrapped. At foot, a globe on the right

EG.70
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postume-ubertas.JPG
RIC.330 Postumus: antoninianus (Vbertas Avg)17 viewsPostumus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (260-269)
Antoninianus: Vbertas Avg (4th emission, 2ond phase, 267, Trèves)

Billon (100 ‰), 3.08 g, diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 12 h

A/ IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ VBERTAS AVG; Ubertas standing left, holding ear in right and cornucopia in left

EG.83
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postume-pax.JPG
RIC.318 Postumus: antoninianus (Pax Avg P)14 viewsPostumus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (260-269)
Antoninianus: Pax Avg (6th emission, 268, Trèves)

Billon (20 ‰), 2.79 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 12 h

A/ IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ PA-X AVG/ P|-; Pax standing left, holding an olive-branch and a sceptre

EG.110
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victorin-piavvionius-pax.JPG
RIC.116 Victorinus, antoninianus (Pax Avg)6 viewsVictorinus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (269-271)
Antoninianus : Salvs Avg (1st emission, 269, Trèves)

Billon (20 ‰), 1.92 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 1 h

A/ IMP C M PIAVVIONIVS VICTORINVS P F AVG; radiate and cuirassed bust right
R/ PA-X AVG; Pax standing left, holding an olive-branch and a sceptre

Long titulature for Victorinus, characteristic of the first emission.

EG.186
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victorin-pax-piav.JPG
RIC.117 Victorinus, antoninianus (Pax Avg V*)18 viewsVictorinus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (269-271)
Antoninianus : Salvs Avg (2nd emission, 269, Trèves)

Billon (20 ‰), 2.16 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 1 h

A/ IMP C PIAV VICTORINVS P F AVG; radiate and cuirassed bust right
R/ PA-X AVG/V* in field; Pax standing left, holding an olive-branch and a sceptre
Transitional titulature for Victorinus

EG.189
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victorin-pax.JPG
RIC.118 Victorinus, antoninianus (Pax Avg V*)15 viewsVictorinus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (269-271)
Antoninianus : Salvs Avg (3rd emission, 2ond phase, 270, Trèves)

Billon (20 ‰), 3.43 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 6 h

A/ IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG; radiate and cuirassed bust right
R/ PA-X AVG / V|* in field; Pax standing left, holding an olive-branch and a sceptre

EG.197
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victorin-salvs2.JPG
RIC.71 Victorinus, antoninianus (Salvs Avg)10 viewsVictorinus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (269-271)
Antoninianus: Salvs Avg (5th emission, 271, Trèves)

Billon (20 ‰), 2.65 g, diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 12 h

A/ [IMP C] VICTORINVS P F [AVG]; radiate and cuirassed bust right
R/ SALVS [AVG]; Salus standing right, feeding serpent rising from altar

EG.223
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victorin-aeqvitas.JPG
RIC.41 Victorinus, antoninianus (Aeqvitas Avg)7 viewsVictorinus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (269-271)
Antoninianus: Aeqvitas Avg (1st emission, end 269, Cologne)

Billon (20 ‰), 3.27 g, diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 7 h

A/ IMP C PI VICTO[RINVS P F AVG]; radiate and cuirassed bust right
R/ AEQVITAS AVG; Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornupiae

Origin: Irchester hoard
EG.223
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victorin-salvs.JPG
RIC.67 Victorinus, antoninianus (Salvs Avg)15 viewsVictorinus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (269-271)
Antoninianus : Salvs Avg (2ond emission, 269-270, Cologne)

Billon (20 ‰), 3.34 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 2 h

A/ IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG; radiate and cuirassed bust right
R/ SALVS AVG; Salus standing right, feeding serpent in arms

EG.234
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victorin-g-salvs.JPG
RIC.67 Victorinus, antoninianus (Salvs Avg)10 viewsVictorinus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (269-271)
Antoninianus : Salvs Avg (2ond emission, 269-270, Cologne)

Billon (20 ‰), 3.06 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 2 h

A/ IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG; radiate and cuirassed bust left
R/ SALVS AVG; Salus standing right, feeding serpent in arms

EG.236
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victorin-pietas.JPG
RIC.57 Victorinus, antoninianus (Pietas Avg)12 viewsVictorinus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (269-271)
Antoninianus: Pietas Avg (3rd emission, mid-end 270, Cologne)

Billon (20 ‰), 3.72 g, diameter 20 mm, die axis 7 h

A/ IMP C VICTOR[INVS P F A]VG; radiate and cuirassed bust left
R/ PIETAS AVG; Pietas standing left, sacrificing at altar and holding box of perfumes

EG.240
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victorin-victoria-avg.jpg
RIC.75 Victorinus, antoninianus (Victoria Avg)9 viewsVictorinus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (269-271)
Antoninianus: Victoria Avg (3rd emission, mid-end 270, Cologne)

Billon (20 ‰), 2.71 g, diameter 18mm, die axis 7h

A/ IMP C [VICTO]RINVS P F AVG; radiate and cuirassed bust left
R/ [VI]CTO-R-[I]-A AVG; Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm

EG.245
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tetricus1-spes-pvblica.JPG
RIC.136 Tetricus I: antoninianus (Spes Pvblica)8 viewsTetricus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (271-274)
Antoninianus: Spes Pvblica (3rd emission, 271-272, Trèves)

Billon, 2.26 g, diameter 17 mm, die axis 1 h

A/ IMP C TETRICVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ [SP]ES - P-VBLI[CA]; Spes walking left, holding flower and raising robe

EG.262
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tetricus1-victoria.JPG
RIC.161 Tetricus I: antoninianus (Victoria Avg)11 viewsTetricus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (271-274)
Antoninianus: Victoria Avg (3rd emission, 271-272, Trèves)

Billon, 2.89 g, diameter 17 mm, die axis 7 h

A/ [I]MP C TETRICVS P [F AVG]; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ VICTO[-R-I-]A AVG; Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm

EG.263
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tetricus-pax.JPG
RIC.100 Tetricus I: antoninianus (Pax Avg)16 viewsTetricus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (271-274)
Antoninianus : Pax Avg (4th emission, 272-274, Trèves)

Billon, 2.71 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 7h

A/ IMP C TETRICVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ PA-[X] AVG; Pax standing left, holding an olive-branch and a sceptre

EG.269
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RIC.115var Tetricus I: antoninianus (Princ Ivvent)11 viewsTetricus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (271-274)
Antoninianus: Princ Ivvent (5th emission, 274, Trèves)

Billon, 3.02 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 1h

A/ IMP C TETRIC[VS P F AVG]; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ [PRINC] IV-VENT; Tetricus II standing left holding baton and scepter

EG.279
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tetricus1-salvs.JPG
RIC.126var Tetricus I: antoninianus (Salvs Avgg)10 viewsTetricus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (271-274)
Antoninianus: Salvs Avgg (5th emission, 274, Trèves)

Billon, 5.03 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 7h

A/ IMP C TETRICVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ [S]ALVS AVGG; Salus standing left, feeding serpent raising from altar and holding anchor

EG.280
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tetricus1-virtvs-avgg.JPG
RIC.148 Tetricus I: antoninianus (Virtvs Avgg)10 viewsTetricus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (271-274)
Antoninianus: Virtvs Avgg (5th emission, 274, Trèves)

Billon, 2.92 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 7h

A/ IM[P C T]ETRI[C]VS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ VIRTVS AVGG, Mars standing left, holding spear and leaning on shield

EG.281
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RIC.79 Tetricus I: antoninianus (Hilaritas Avgg)18 viewsTetricus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (271-274)
Antoninianus: Pax Avg (7th emission, 272-273, Cologne)

Billon, 3.37 g, diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 7h

A/ IMP TETRICVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ HILA-RITAS AVGG; Hilaritas standing left, holding palm and cornucopiae

EG.311
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tetricus2-spes-pvblica.JPG
RIC.272 Tetricus II: antoninianus (Spes Pvblica)18 viewsTetricus II, Gallic caesar (usurper) (272-274)
Antoninianus : Spes Pvblica (4th emission, 272-274, Trèves)

Billon, 2.91 g, diameter 20 mm, die axis 7h

A/ C PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ SPES-P-VBLICA; Spes walking left, holding flower and raising robe

EG.272
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tetricus2-pietas-avgg.JPG
RIC.255 Tetricus II: antoninianus (Pietas Avgg)8 viewsTetricus II, Gallic caesar (usurper) (272-274)
Antoninianus : Pietas Avgg (6th emission, 272-273, Cologne)

Billon, 2.30 g, diameter 20 mm, die axis 6h

A/ C P E TET[RICVS CAE]S; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust left
R/ [P]IETAS AVGG; pontifical instruments variously arranged (vase handle on the right)

EG.305
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RIC.255 Tetricus II: antoninianus (Pietas Avgg)11 viewsTetricus II, Gallic caesar (usurper) (272-274)
Antoninianus : Pietas Avgg (6th emission, 272-273, Cologne)

Billon, 2.30 g, diameter 20 mm, die axis 6h

A/ C P E TETRICVS CAES; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust left
R/ PIETAS AVGG; pontifical instruments variously arranged (vase handle on the left)

EG.305
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tetricus2-spes-avg.JPG
RIC.270 Tetricus II: antoninianus (Spes Avgg)11 viewsTetricus II, Gallic caesar (usurper) (272-274)
Antoninianus : Spes Avgg (8th emission, 273-274, Cologne)

Billon, 3.19 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 12h

A/ C PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust left
R/ SPE-S-AVGG; Spes walking left, holding flower and raising robe

EG.315
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tetricus2-spes-g.JPG
RIC.270 Tetricus II: antoninianus (Spes Avgg)11 viewsTetricus II, Gallic caesar (usurper) (272-274)
Antoninianus : Spes Avgg (8th emission, 273-274, Cologne)

Billon, 2.18 g, diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 12h

A/ C PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust left
R/ SPE-S-AV[GG]; Spes walking left, holding flower and raising robe

EG.316
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tetricus2-minimus-pax.JPG
Tetricus II: minimi (Pax Avgg)19 viewsTetricus II, Gallic caesar (usurper) (272-274)
Antoninianus : Pax Avgg (274?)

Bronze, 1.90 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 6h

A/ [C PIV] ESV T[ETRICV]S CAES; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ PAX-A[VGG]; Pax standing left, wearing a helmet (!), holding a flower and a sceptre

Curious representation of Pax on this local imitation.

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D.1041 Louis III (denier, Tours)31 viewsLouis III, king of the Franks (879-882)
Denier (Tours)

Silver, 1.78 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +IIISIRICORDIΛ DI REX; Louis' monogram (legend beginning at 3h)
R/ +HTVR◊NES CIVITAS; croix pattée

Louis III became king of West Francia at 16 after his father Louis II died quite young. As he was the only living son of Charles II, Louis II had inherited the full kingdom of West Francia from his father. At opposite, when Louis II died, his sons Louis III and Carloman II divided the kingdom into a northern part for Louis III and a southern part for his brother Carloman II. During his reign, Louis III (in alliance with his brother) achieved military successes, especially against Vikings. However, Louis III's reign didn't last long. Louis III died inadvertently at 19 while chasing a girl on his horse. He hit violently the lintel of a door with his head.
Louis III's coinage is hard to distinguish from Louis II's. Both bear the same name et both reigns were very short. Three kinds of coins can be found:
* coins with legend LVDOVICS REX and a KRLS monogram : these coins have been found for northern and southern mints and are consequently given for Louis II;
* coins with a LVDOVICVS monogram ; they have only been found for the northern mints, and are consequently supposed to be Louis III's;
* coins of Toulouse with LV/DO, imitating the ones of Charles emperor with CA/RL. The attribution to Louis II seems to be straightforward due to the southern position.
The legend of the coin is different from the traditional Gratia di Rex, but still shows a religious origin. However its success remained very limited, with some scare coins of Louis III and Eudes.
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vienne-denier.JPG
Vienne archibishopric : denier (Vienne)26 viewsVienne archibishopric, anonymous (1200-1250)

Silver, 0.66 g, diameter 16 mm, die axis 5h

O/ +•S•M•VIENNA•; left bearded and bare head of Saint Maurice
R/ MAXIMA.GALL (dashed L); cross pattée with 4 pellets
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eudes-denier-orleans.JPG
D.740 Eudes (denier, Orléans)10 viewsEudes, king of the Franks (888-898)
Denier (Orléans)

Silver, 1.77 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 10h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ D TI; Eudes'monogram R / ◊D◊ / EX (inverted E) (legend beginning at 9h)
R/ +ΛVRELIΛNIS CIVITAS; cross pattée

Contrary to Charlemagne and Charles the Bald, Eudes seems to have had some problems to choose a monogram or to explain to all mints how it had to look like...
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D.308B Rudolph (denier, Château-Landon)19 viewsRudolph (or Raoul, Radulf), king of the Franks (923-936)
Denier (Château-Landon)

Silver, 1.16 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 4h

O/ +CRΛTIΛ D-I; odonic monogram of Rodolf (legend beginning at 9h)
R/ +CΛSTIS LIΛNDNI; cross pattée

The R on the top of the monogram and the F below are for Rodulfus. The 2 lozenges on the sides may come from Eudes' monogram (Oddo). Eudes was the brother of Rudolph's father-in-law... sort of family alliance against Carolingians (although Rudolph's aunt had been married to Charles the Bald...). The I and the X are more mysterious.

According to Dumas, this coinage may have been struck after Rudolph's dead, by Hugues the Great, his brother-in-law... family business still.
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marseille-obole-gauche.JPG
LT 681, Gaul, Massalia16 viewsMassalia (Marseille, south of France)
Circa 225-100 BC ?

Silver obol, 0.59 g, 11 mm largest diameter, die axis 11h

O/ youthful head of Apollo, left, with a visible ear and sideburns
R/ wheel with four spokes, M and A with small bullets in two of the quarters
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charles2-denier-immo-melle.JPG
Charles II the Bald (denier, Melle, immobilization)46 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Melle, 10th century)

Silver, 1.15 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 3h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX R; cross pattée (S retrograd)
R/ MET / . / ALO

Not really a type that can be attributed to Charles the Bald... this type was immobilized and struck from the middle of the 10th century to the end of the 11th century ! Minting was then totally in the hands of of the counts of Poitou and out of control of the royal administration.
The obverse is similar to previous coinage, but with a retrograd S on most of the specimen. On the contrary, the mint name (in the field on the obverse) had never been used by Charles the Bald (METALO instead of METALLVUM).
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"As de Nîmes" or "crocodile" Ӕ dupondius of Nemausus (9 - 3 BC), honoring Augustus and Agrippa33 viewsIMP DIVI F , Heads of Agrippa (left) and Augustus (right) back to back, Agrippa wearing rostral crown and Augustus the oak-wreath / COL NEM, crocodile right chained to palm-shoot with short dense fronds and tip right; two short palm offshoots left and right below, above on left a wreath with two long ties streaming right.

Ӕ, 24.5 x 3+ mm, 13.23g, die axis 3h; on both sides there are remains of what appears to be gold plating, perhaps it was a votive offering? Rough edges and slight scrapes on flan typical for this kind of coin, due to primitive technology (filing) of flan preparation.

IMPerator DIVI Filius. Mint of COLonia NEMausus (currently Nîmes, France). Known as "As de Nîmes", it is actually a dupontius (lit. "two-pounder") = 2 ases (sometimes cut in halves to get change). Dupondii were often made out of a golden-colored copper alloy (type of brass) "orichalcum" and this appears to be such case.

Key ID points: oak-wreath (microphotography shows that at least one leaf has a complicated shape, although distinguishing oak from laurel is very difficult) – earlier versions have Augustus bareheaded, no PP on obverse as in later versions, no NE ligature, palm with short fronds with tip right (later versions have tip left and sometimes long fronds). Not typical: no clear laurel wreath together with the rostral crown, gold (?) plating (!), both features really baffling.

But still clearly a "middle" kind of the croc dupondius, known as "type III": RIC I 158, RPC I 524, Sear 1730. It is often conservatively dated to 10 BC - 10 AD, but these days it is usually narrowed to 9/8 - 3 BC.

It is a commemorative issue, honoring the victory over Mark Antony and conquest of Egypt in 30 BC. The heads of Augustus and Agrippa were probably positioned to remind familiar obverses of Roman republican coins with two-faced Janus. Palm branch was a common symbol of victory, in this case grown into a tree, like the victories of Augustus and Agrippa grown into the empire. The two offshoots at the bottom may mean two sons of Agrippa, Gaius and Lucius, who were supposed to be Augustus' heirs and were patrons of the colony. Palm may also be a symbol of the local Nemausian deity, which was probably worshiped in a sacred grove. When these coins were minted, the colony was mostly populated by the settled veterans of Augustus' campaigns, hence the reminiscence of the most famous victory, but some of the original Celtic culture probably survived and was assimilated by Romans. The crocodile is not only the symbol of Egypt, like in the famous Octavian's coins AEGYPTO CAPTA. It is also a representation of Mark Antony, powerful and scary both in water and on land, but a bit slow and stupid. The shape of the crocodile with tail up was specifically chosen to remind of the shape of ship on very common "legionary" denarius series, which Mark Antony minted to pay his armies just before Actium. It is probably also related to the popular contemporary caricature of Cleopatra, riding on and simultaneously copulating with a crocodile, holding a palm branch in her hand as if in triumph. There the crocodile also symbolized Mark Antony.

Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa was born c. 64-62 BC somewhere in rural Italy. His family was of humble and plebeian origins, but rich, of equestrian rank. Agrippa was about the same age as Octavian, and the two were educated together and became close friends. He probably first served in Caesar's Spanish campaign of 46–45 BC. Caesar regarded him highly enough to send him with Octavius in 45 BC to train in Illyria. When Octavian returned to Rome after Caesar's assassination, Agrippa became his close lieutenant, performing many tasks. He probably started his political career in 43 BC as a tribune of the people and then a member of the Senate. Then he was one of the leading Octavian's generals, finally becoming THE leading general and admiral in the civil wars of the subsequent years.

In 38 as a governor of Transalpine Gaul Agrippa undertook an expedition to Germania, thus becoming the first Roman general since Julius Caesar to cross the Rhine. During this foray he helped the Germanic tribe of Ubii (who previously allied themselves with Caesar in 55 BC) to resettle on the west bank of the Rhine. A shrine was dedicated there, possibly to Divus Caesar whom Ubii fondly remembered, and the village became known as Ara Ubiorum, "Altar of Ubians". This quickly would become an important Roman settlement. Agrippina the Younger, Agrippa's granddaughter, wife of Emperor Claudius and mother of Emperor Nero, would be born there in 15 AD. In 50 AD she would sponsor this village to be upgraded to a colonia, and it would be renamed Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium (colony of Claudius [at] the Altar of Agrippinians – Ubii renamed themselves as Agrippinians to honor the augusta!), abbreviated as CCAA, later to become the capital of new Roman province, Germania Inferior.

In 37 BC Octavian recalled Agrippa back to Rome and arranged for him to win the consular elections, he desperately needed help in naval warfare with Sextus Pompey, the youngest son of Pompey the Great, who styled himself as the last supporter of the republican cause, but in reality became a pirate king, an irony since his father was the one who virtually exterminated piracy in all the Roman waters. He forced humiliating armistice on the triumvirs in 39 BC and when Octavian renewed the hostilities a year later, defeated him in a decisive naval battle of Messina. New fleet had to be built and trained, and Agrippa was the man for the job. Agrippa's solution was creating a huge secret naval base he called Portus Iulius by connecting together lakes Avernus, Avernus and the natural inner and outer harbors behind Cape Misenum at the northern end of the Gulf of Naples. He also created a larger type of ship and developed a new naval weapon: harpax – a ballista-launched grapnel shot with mechanisms that allowed pulling enemy ships close for easy boarding. It replaced the previous boarding device that Romans used since the First Punic War, corvus – effective, but extremely cumbersome. A later defence against it were scythe blades on long poles for cutting ropes, but since this invention was developed in secret, the enemy had no chance to prepare anything like it. It all has proved extremely effective: in a series of naval engagements Agrippa annihilated the fleet of Sextus, forced him to abandon his bases and run away. For this Agrippa was awarded an unprecedented honour that no Roman before or after him received: a rostral crown, "corona rostrata", a wreath decorated in front by a prow and beak of a ship.

That's why Virgil (Aeneid VIII, 683-684), describing Agrippa at Actium, says: "…belli insigne superbum, tempora navali fulgent rostrata corona." "…the proud military decoration, gleams on his brow the naval rostral crown". Actium, the decisive battle between forces of Octavian and Mark Antony, may appear boring compared to the war with Sextus, but it probably turned out this way due to Agrippa's victories in preliminary naval engagements and taking over all the strategy from Octavian.

In between the wars Agrippa has shown an unusual talent in city planning, not only constructing many new public buildings etc., but also greatly improving Rome's sanitation by doing a complete overhaul of all the aqueducts and sewers. Typically, it was Augustus who later would boast that "he had found the city of brick but left it of marble", forgetting that, just like in his naval successes, it was Agrippa who did most of the work. Agrippa had building programs in other Roman cities as well, a magnificent temple (currently known as Maison Carrée) survives in Nîmes itself, which was probably built by Agrippa.

Later relationship between Augustus and Agrippa seemed colder for a while, Agrippa seemed to even go into "exile", but modern historians agree that it was just a ploy: Augustus wanted others to think that Agrippa was his "rival" while in truth he was keeping a significant army far away from Rome, ready to come to the rescue in case Augustus' political machinations fail. It is confirmed by the fact that later Agrippa was recalled and given authority almost equal to Augustus himself, not to mention that he married Augustus' only biological child. The last years of Agrippa's life were spent governing the eastern provinces, were he won respect even of the Jews. He also restored Crimea to Roman Empire. His last service was starting the conquest of the upper Danube, were later the province of Pannonia would be. He suddenly died of illness in 12 BC, aged ~51.

Agrippa had several children through his three marriages. Through some of his children, Agrippa would become ancestor to many subsequent members of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. He has numerous other legacies.
Yurii P
107-1a-NAC61.jpg
"C" Denarius, Crawford 107/1a - My favorite Coin26 viewsDenomination: Denarius
Era: c. 209-208 BC
Metal: AR
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma r. with splayed visor; “X” behind; Border of dots
Reverse: Dioscuri r.; Above, “C”; in linear frame, “ROMA”.
Mint: Etruia(?)
Weight: 4.44 gm.
Reference: Crawford 107/1a
Provenance: NAC 61; 25-OCT-2011, Privately purchased by RBW from CNG in 1989


Comments: This is one of my favorite coins. It is not high grade, neither the obverse nor the reverse is well centered. The dioscuri are really just blobs, and this coin would be overlooked in any sale but the NAC 61 sale of RBW’s finest and rarest coins, perhaps the greatest Roman Republican auction of our generation. Nevertheless, the coin has a lovely tone and a style that is very characteristic of this issue which is quite rare.

Unique to this variety and the related staff issue, are the braided locks extending from the helmet to the hair binding. The stars are simple dots above the dioscuri, and ROMA is cut into the die with very large letters with a very fine line tool. There has been much speculation on the significance of the “C” insignia, but few with any real merit.
1 commentsSteve B5
EpirFake.jpg
"Epirus, the Epeirote Republic, Didrachm size modern fake, genuine drachm prototypes dated 234-168 BC. "69 viewsEpirus, the Epeirote Republic, modern fake, genuine drachm prototypes dated 234-168 BC.,
Didrachm size (ø 22 mm / 8,50 g), silver, axes about coin alignment ↑↓ (ca. 160°), edge: 50 % filed, 50 % hammered,
Obv.: A· , laureate head of Zeus Dodonaios right, A· behind, dotted border.
Rev.: AΠEI / PΩTAN , eagle standing right on thunderbolt, all within oak wreath, dotted border.
for prototype cf. BMC p. 89, no. 14 (drachm size 4,5-5,0 g., AI· -monogram behind head on obverse) ; - Dewing 1444 (same) ; Franke, - Epirus 100 (same) ; - SNG Cop. 108ff. ; for a drachm showing similar style cf. http://www.acsearch.info/search.html?id=748945 (also a fake?) .

1 commentsArminius
HuoQuan.jpg
"Huo Quan" of Usurper Wang Mang (Xin Dynasty)11 viewsEmperor Wang Mang

Two large Chinese characters – Huo Quan ("spring of goods"), rim around the central hole, small raised outside rim.

Blank. 17.5mm, 1.04 grams. Hartill #9.65
Belisarius
m_antony_octavia_cist_tet_f_res~0.jpg
(00001) OCTAVIA (with MARK ANTONY)72 viewsOctavia
(sister of Augustus; 4th wife of Mark Antony)
b. 69 BC- d. 11 BC
AR Cistophoric Tetradrachm 27 mm - 11.35 g; struck 39 BC
O: M ANTONIVS IMP COS DESIG ITER ET TERT, head of Antony right, wearing ivy wreath, lituus below; all within wreath of ivy and flowers
R: III. VIR. R.P.C, draped bust of Octavia right above cista; flanked by coiled snakes.
Ephesus mint.
RPC I 2201; CRI 262; Sydenham 1197; RSC 2.
2 commentslaney
trajan_antioch_wreath.jpg
(0098) TRAJAN13 views98 - 117 AD
AE 27 mm; 18.69 g
O:Laureate head right, countermark on neck
R: SC, C below; all within laurel wreath.
Antioch, Syria
laney
TRAJAN_ANTIOCH_B_RES.jpg
(0098) TRAJAN29 views98 - 117 AD
AE 20 mm 6.51 g
O: Laureate head right
R: Large S C , Officina letter below, all within wreath
SYRIA, Antioch
laney
HADRIAN_07_06.jpg
(0117) HADRIAN36 views117 - 138 AD
AE As 26 mm 7.93 g
O: HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS
LAUR BUST R
R: HADRIAN ON HORSEBACK, GALLOPING R, HOLDING SPEAR
laney
had_hilar.jpg
(0117) HADRIAN36 views117 - 138 AD
struck 128 - 129 AD
AE sestertius 31 mm 21.90 g
O: Laureate head right. Reverse - HILARITAS P R, S C in fields, COS III in exergue,
R: Hilaritas standing facing holding palm & cornucopia, two small children flanking her, S - C
COS III IN EXE.
ROME
RCV 3602, RIC 970
laney
hadrian_bery_r_comb.jpg
(0117) HADRIAN21 views117 - 138 AD
struck after 128 AD
18 mm 4.64 g
O: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Hadrian right
R: Two aquillae with pellet between, all within wreath
PHOENICIA, BERYTUS SNG Copenhagen 101; BMC 99
laney
hadrian_sest_galley_res.jpg
(0117) HADRIAN31 views117 - 138 AD
AE Sestertius 33 mm, 22.04 g
O: draped bust left
R: Galley sailing right
cf RIC 703 var.
laney
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