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Search results - "Tanit"
57636q00.jpg
*SOLD*15 viewsCarthage, Zeugitania AE15

Attribution: SNG Cop 144 ff., Sardinia
Date: 300-264 BC
Obverse: head of Tanit l. wearing wreath of grain, earring and necklace
Reverse: horse's head r.
Size: 18.8 mm
Weight: 5.57 grams
ex-Forvm
Noah
ZeugInHandSideSmaller.jpg
...and another shot of the Carthaginian crusher63 viewsLooks a lot like a Reese's Peanut Butter Cup, doesn't it?

YUM!

ZEUGITANA, Carthage. 15 shekel.
AE45, 95.4g
circa 200 BC
Obverse: head of Tanit
Reverse: horse standing right, left foreleg up; above, radiate disc flanked by uraei

I don't have a reference book and the only other picture of one I've found is on the magnagraecia.nl site. Their list indicates four specimens known to them. Don't know if this is one of the four.
TIF
0106.jpg
0106 - Punic - AE unit - 242-209 BC42 viewsObv/ Head of Tanit (rough) l.
Rev/ Horse's head (rough) r.: before, punic letter “aleph”.

AE, 21.5 mm, 10.35 g
Mint: Qart Hadasht (Cartagena, Spain)
CNH/HC45 [R1]
ex-Sanrode Numismática – eBay, art. #260689847460
dafnis
0109.jpg
0109 - Punic - 1/4 AE 242-209 BC33 viewsObv/ Head of Tanit l.
Rev/ Helmet; behind, punic letter “ayin”.

AE, 13.5 mm, 1.52 g
Mint: Qart Hadasht
CNH/HC43 [R4]
ex-Soler y Llach, auction may 2011, lot 2178
dafnis
0120.jpg
0120 - Punic - 1/2 AE 242-209 BC41 viewsObv/ Head of Tanit l.
Rev/ Horse standing r.: behind, palm tree; before, three dots.

AE, 16.5 mm, 3.20 g
Mint: Qart Hadasht
CNH/HC --
ex-Numismática Hinojosa, eBay june 2011 - art. #280699851930
dafnis
LarryW2407.jpg
030 Zeugitana, Carthage, 310-290 BC84 viewsElectrum shekel-didrachm, 18.5mm, 7.43g, nice VF
Head of Tanit left, wreathed with corn; she wears necklace and triple-drop earring; dot before neck / Horse standing right on exergal line; three pellets under exergual line.
Certificate of Authenticity by David R. Sear, ACCS
Ex: Apollo Numismatics
Jenkins V, 282-2; Müller p. 84, 52
3 commentsLawrence Woolslayer
zeugitania.jpg
AE 1717 viewsCarthage, Zeugitania, North Africa, c. 310 - 290 B.C. Bronze AE 17, SNG Cop 109 ff., F, Sicilian (?) mint, 2.372g, 15.0mm, 225o, c. 310 - 290 B.C.; obverse head of Tanit left wearing wreath of grain and pendant necklace; reverse, horse standing right, date palm tree behind. Tanit was a Phoenician lunar goddess, worshiped as the patron goddess at Carthage. Ex FORVMPodiceps
barcid_spain.jpg
Barcid Spain55 viewsAE 22, Spanish Mint, 237-209 BC.
Obverse: Head of Tanit left.
Reverse: Horse's head right, A below.
Similar to SNGCop283-7 (no letters).
22mm, 9.0 gms.
1 commentsb70
CarthageBillion.jpg
Billion Tridrachm from Carthage83 viewsA Billion tridrachm from Carthage, minted during the second Punic war. 9.589g, 26.2mm, Carthage mint, c. 215 - 205 B.C.

Obverse: Head of Tanit left, wearing barley wreath, pellet on leaf, triple-pendant earing, and necklace with many pendants

Reverse: Unbridled horse standing right, palm tree in background, pellet below horse's belly forward of the palm trunk; scarce;

Attribution: Alexandropoulos 44a; Müller Afrique 104; SNG Cop 190 var (no pellet); SRCV II 6494 var (same)
3 commentschuy1530
Bruttium,_Brettii,_Under_Hannibal_(215-205_BC),_AR-quarter_shekel,_Tanit-Demeter_l_,_Horse_r_,_SNG_Cop_369,_HN_Italy_2020,__Q-001,_0h,_13,5mm,_1,67g-s.jpg
Bruttium, Brettii, Under Hannibal, (215-205 B.C.), AR-Quarter Shekel, SNG Cop 369, -/-//--, Free horse standing right,231 viewsBruttium, Brettii, Under Hannibal, (215-205 B.C.), AR-Quarter Shekel, SNG Cop 369, -/-//--, Free horse standing right,
avers: Head of Tanit-Demeter left, wreathed with grain, in pendant earring and necklace.
reverse: Free horse standing right.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 13,5mm, weight: 1,67g, axes: 0h,
mint: Bruttium, Brettii, date: 215-205 B.C., ref: SNG Cop 369, Robinson, NC 1964, p. 53, 3., HN Italy 2020.,
Q-001
4 commentsquadrans
2.jpg
CARTAGINE o Zeugitania (375-325 a.C.)62 viewsCartagine o Zeugitania (possedimenti cartaginesi), 375-325 a.C.
AE, 1,8 gr.,15 mm., 90°, BB-
D/ Testa di Tanit a sinistra.
R/ Cavallo a destra e palma sullo sfondo.
SNGSas 186-256
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (7 ottobre 2007, numero catalogo 72); ex Artemide aste (San Marino, fino al 2007).
paolo
SGCV_6444_Medio_Calco_CARTAGO.jpg
CARTAGO - Nor-África 12 viewsAE 1/2 Calco 15 mm 2.9 gr.

Anv: Cabeza coronada de Tanit a izquierda, vistiendo triple pendiente.
Rev: Caballo estante a derecha, palmera en segundo plano, 3 puntos en formación triangular, en campo derecho.

Tanit fue la diosa más importante de la mitología cartaginesa, la consorte de Baal y patrona de Cartago. Era equivalente a la diosa fenicia Astarté; también fue una deidad bereber. Fue la diosa de Ibiza (Islas Baleares, España). Wikipedia

Acuñada: 325-300 A.C.
Ceca: Cartago - Nor-África

Referencias: Visona #16 - MAA #18f - Sear GCV II #6444 Pag.596 - Jenkins & Lewis #12 Plate.26 - Müller II #163 Pag.95 - SNG Cop #109 - Calciati III #20 - Henzen #384-9
mdelvalle
ABH_315_Calco_CARTAGO_NOVA.jpg
CARTAGO NOVA - Hispania 22 viewsHispano-Cartaginés, acuñada durante la II Guerra Púnica en Cartago Nova (Hoy Cartagena).

AE Calco 18 mm 9.7 gr.

Anv: Cabeza de Tanit a izquierda.
Rev: Cabeza de caballo a derecha, delante letra fenicia aleph.

Tanit fue la diosa más importante de la mitología cartaginesa, la consorte de Baal y patrona de Cartago. Era equivalente a la diosa fenicia Astarté; también fue una deidad bereber. Fue la diosa de Ibiza (Islas Baleares, España). Wikipedia

Acuñada: 220 - 215 A.C.
Ceca: Hispano-Cartaginesa, muy probablemente Cartago Nova (Hoy Cartagena - España)

Referencias: ABH #515 - Villaronga CNH #45 Pag.69
1 commentsmdelvalle
103093.jpg
CARTHAGE143 viewsCARTHAGE. Circa 400-350 BC. Æ 16mm (2.59 gm). Wreathed head of Tanit left, wearing pendant necklace / Horse standing right, palm behind; pellet above, trefoil of pellets before. Alexandropoulos 18f; SNG Copenhagen 119; Müller 167. Nice VF, green patina. Ex-CNG(77) B54V64ecoli
carthage_bronze.jpg
Carthage23 viewsCarthage, Zeugitana; AE 16, uncertain Sicilian mint, circa 300 BC.
Obverse: Head of Tanit left.
Reverse: Horse standing right, palm-tree behind.
SNGCop 113, Müller 163; 2.66 gm.
b70
carthage_bronze2.jpg
Carthage17 viewsCarthage, Zeugitana; AE 16, uncertain Sicilian mint, circa 300 BC.
Obverse: Head of Tanit left.
Reverse: Horse standing right, palm-tree behind.
SNGCop 113, Müller 163; 16mm, 2.44 gm.
b70
coins64.JPG
Carthage32 viewsCarthage (3rd century BC). AE (18 mm / 4.90 g). Head of Tanit left / Horse head right, punic letter before. cf S 6525. Possibly overstruck on another coin, traces barely visible on obverse and reverse. Ex-Barry and Darling G15

Check

ecoli
Capture_00084.JPG
Carthage50 viewsSiculo-Punic Series
400-340 B.C.
Bronze Unit
4.72 gm, 15.5 mm
Obv.: Wreathed head of Tanit left
Rev.: Horse rearing right
Sicilian mint, c. 400-340 B.C.
SNG Cop 96,
SNG Cop 1021
2 commentsJaimelai
carthage.jpg
Carthage 99 viewsCarthage,. AE 19. Sardinia c. 300-264 B.C. (very few other coins were ever struck there). (5.48 grams. 6:30h). Obv: head of Tanit left, wreathed with grain. Rev: horse head and neck right.
Sear Greek 6523. Morcom 913. Ex Warren Esty.

Carthage, Rome’s first enemy off the Italian peninsula, minted coins in Sardinia, which it controlled during the First Punic War, possibly due to the close proximity of the troops.
1 commentsLucas H
carthage_k.jpg
CARTHAGE16 viewsÆ Unit, 16mm, 2.8g, 5h; Carthage mint, c. 400-350 BC.
Obv.: Wreathed head of Tanit left.
Rev.: Horse standing right; palm tree in background.
Reference: SNG Copenhagen (Africa) 109 / 17-120-128
1 commentsJohn Anthony
Carthage_SNG-Cop390.jpg
Carthage36 viewsCarthage. c. 203-201 BC, Second Punic War. BI Tridrachm, or 1½ Sheckel (9.28 gm) of Zeugitania. Wreathed head of Tanit l. wearing single-pendant earrings. / Collared stallion stdg r., head l., r. foreleg raised. gVF. SNG Copenhagen 8 #390; CNP 103; MAA 81; Müller Afrique 230.1 commentsChristian T
Sicily,_Punic_2.jpg
Carthage19 viewsCARTHAGE/SICILY-PUNIC Æ15 SNG Cop 1024
OBVERSE: Head of Tanit left
REVERSE: Galloping horse right
4.59g, 15.6mm
Struck at Carthage, 3d-4th Century BC
Adam P2
1281_Carthage.jpg
Carthage - AE8 viewsc. 400-350 BC
head of Tanit left wearing wreath
horse galloping right
MAA 15; SNG Copenhagen (Africa) 96
ex Savoca
Johny SYSEL
Cartago_Sicily.jpg
Carthage - AE 148 viewsSicilian mint
310-290 BC
head of Tanit decorated by grain ears left
horse right, palm behind
Alexandropoulos 18, SNG Cop 109 ff., Müller Afrique 163, SGCV II 6444
2,37g
Johny SYSEL
345_Carthage_horse_head.jpg
Carthage - AE 1410 viewsSardinian mint
300-264 BC
head of Tanit left
head of horse right
SNG Cop 149, Alexandropoulos 57, Müller Afrique 268
2,33g
Johny SYSEL
c~0.jpg
Carthage AR Quarter Shekel 38 viewsCARTHAGE, Second Punic War. Circa 220-205 BC. AR Quarter Shekel (14mm, 1.80 g). Wreathed head of Tanit left / Horse standing right. MAA 78; SNG Copenhagen 335. Good VF, find patina.1 commentsTLP
carthage_01_t.jpg
Carthage Electrum Stater 161 viewsObv: Head of Tanit to l. with grain ears in hair, triple-pendant earring and necklace. Dot in front.
Rev: Horse standing to r., dot underneath l. hind leg.
Year: 310-290 BC
Weight: 7.45g
Cat #: Jenkins 298
2 commentsoa
Carthage_Tanit~0.JPG
Carthage Tanit43 viewsCarthage Tanit, Greek AE, 19mm, 5g, 3rd century B.C.
OBV: Phoenician lunar goddess and consort of Baal Hammon Tanit
REV: neck up profile of horse right
Similar 6527
Zeugitana, Carthage????
1 commentsRomanorvm
Carthage, c300-200 BC.JPG
Carthage, c300-200 BC38 viewsCarthage
AE3 – c. 300-200 BC
Head of Tanit l., wreathed with corn
Horse facing left, palm tree behind
S 6444
Ardatirion
punicOR~0.jpg
Carthage, Punic Spain, SNG BM Spain 6738 viewsMobile military mint, Punic Spain, C. 237-209 B.C. AE, 13mm 1.46g, MHC 114; CNH 42; SNG BM Spain 67
O: Wreathed head of Tanit l.
R: Helmet l.


After putting down the mercenary revolt, Hamilcar Barca and other Carthaginians went to Spain to “start over” in the only remaining significant Carthaginian possession outside of North Africa. They extended Carthaginian influence beyond the Punic cities of southeastern Spain and utilized the local mineral resources to help re-establish the Carthaginian empire. Hamilcar drowned in 231 BC and was succeeded by his son-in-law, Hasdrubal, who founded Carthago Nova in 229 BC. Hasbrudal was assassinated in 221 BC. Hannibal Barca succeeded his brother-in-law. In 219 BC, Hannibal took Saguntum. Rome responded by declaring war and Hannibal made preparations to invade Italy. After Hannibal was in southern Italy during the Second Punic War, Spain continued to support his efforts until P. Cornelius Scipio (later Africanus) captured Carthago Nova in 209 BC. Carthaginian forces were driven out of Spain by 206 BC and Rome maintained control after the Second Punic War.
casata137ec
pSNGBMSpain67OR.jpg
Carthage, Punic Spain, SNG BM Spain 6734 viewsMobile military mint, Punic Spain. C. 237-209 B.C. AE, 13mm 1.52g, MHC 114; CNH 42; SNG BM Spain 67
O: Wreathed head of Tanit l.
R: Helmet l.
casata137ec
carthsardiniaOR.jpg
Carthage, Sardinian mint, SNG Cop 20439 viewsSardinian mint, Zeugitania, Carthage, 264-241 B.C., 20mm 6.08g, SNG Cop 204
O: Head of Tanit, l
R: horse stg r, Punic letters between legs
Ex HJB
casata137ec
carthageOR.jpg
Carthage, Sardinian mint, SNG Cop 31126 viewsCarthage, Sardinian mint, 221-210 BC AE, 23mm 7.52g, SNG Cop 311
Obverse: Head of Tanit left
Reverse: Horse standing right, head reverted, Punic letter below
casata137ec
Carthage.jpg
Carthage, Second Punic War (220-215 BC)28 viewsAE Trishekel

29 mm, 18.21 g

Obverse: Head of Tanit left, wearing wreath of grain ears and single-pendant earring

Reverse: Horse standing right; palm tree in background to left.

MAA 84; Müller, Afrique 147; SNG Copenhagen 344.

The Second Punic War formally began when the Carthaginian general Hannibal and his army crossed the Alps in November of 218 BC and descended into Northern Italy. Battles raged on Italian soil for nearly 15 years until Hannibal and what remained of his army sailed for North Africa in the summer or fall of 203 BC. Shown above is a typical example of what would have been a lower-value coin issued by the Carthaginians in the early stages of the war.

Carthage was a Phoenician colony, and as such the Carthaginians were related to the Hebrews and the Canaanites (among others). Culturally they had much in common, including the use of the shekel as the primary unit of money. Likewise, the Carthaginians worshipped a variety of deities from the ancient Middle East. One in particular was the goddess Tanit. A Phoenician (Punic) goddess of war, Tanit was also a virgin mother goddess and a fertility symbol.
2 commentsNathan P
64035p00_copy.jpg
Carthage, Second Punic War, c. 216 - 205 B.C.21 views
64035. Silver quarter shekel, Robinson NC 1964, p. 44, group I, 3; SNG Cop 348 -349; Alexandropoulos 78; HN Italy 2015, VF, scratches, 1.733g, 13.6mm, 45o, Carthage mint, c. 216 - 205 B.C.; obverse head of Tanit left, wreathed with grain, wearing necklace and earring, dot border; reverse horse standing right, dot border; ex Ancient Eagles;
MagisterRiggs
carthage.jpg
Carthage, Second Punic War. Circa 220-205 BC.107 viewsAR 1/4 Shekel (14mm, 1.71 g, 12h)
Obverse- Head of Tanit left, wearing grain-ear wreath, single-pendant earring, and necklace with pendants.
Reverse- Horse standing right; pellet below.
MAA 78; SNG Copenhagen 337.
3 commentsb70
punicOR.jpg
Carthage, Sicilian (?) mint, SNGCop 10951 viewsSicilian (?) mint, Carthage (Punic), 4th-3rd century B.C. AE, 17mm 2.90g, SNGCop 109, Calciati 20. Sear Greek Coins and their Values (SG) #sg6444
O: Head of Tanit left, wreathed with corn
R: Horse right, palm behind

1 commentscasata137ec
siculo_punic.jpg
CARTHAGE, Siculo-Punic Mint AE16 - Tanit/Horse + Palm71 viewsCarthaginian Mint in Sicily 16mm 3.10g late 4th - early 3rd century BC.

O: Head Tanit l. wearing grain ears.

R: Horse standing r. before Palm.

Refs: Sear - , Mueller 163, SNG Cop 109-113.
3 commentsAdrian S
Zeugitania_001.jpg
Carthage, Tanit, Horse43 viewsCarthage
1/2 Shekel, 3rd-2nd century BC
Obv: Head of Tanit left, crowned with ears of corn.
Rev.: Horse standing right, head turned left, foreleg raised, linear circle.
Billon, 5.37g, 23.3mm
Ref.: Sear 6497, SNG Cop. 396
Ex Pecunem 10, Lot 263
1 commentsshanxi
G_287_Carthage_fac.jpg
Carthage, Tanit, Horse12 viewsCarthage
Trishekel, circa 201-195 BC
Obv: Head of Tanit left, wearing grain wreath.
Rev.: Horse prancing right; pellet between forelegs.
AE, 19.4g, 29mm
Ref.: MAA A.105c; SNG Copenhagen 409-10 var. (pellet).
Ex Gorny&Mosch, 2017, A251, 4583
Ex Numismatik Naumann, auction 66, lot 237
shanxi
G_348_Carthage.jpg
Carthage, Tanit, Horse, O to right20 viewsCarthage
Circa 300-264 BC. Æ 18
Obv: Wreathed head of Tanit left
Rev.: Horse’s head right; O to right.
Æ, 5.25g, 18mm
Ref.: SNG Copenhagen 151
3 commentsshanxi
Carthage_2.JPG
Carthage, Zeugitana 48 viewscirca 4th-3rd century BC
AE16 (2.99g)
O: Head of Tanit left, wreathed in corn, wearing earring and necklace; pellet behind.
R: Horse standing right, palm tree in background; pellet at right.
Sear 6444v
1 commentsEnodia
128.JPG
Carthage, Zeugitana24 views310-290 B.C.
Bronze AE17
1.96 gm, 17 mm
Obv.: Head of Tanit left wearing wreath of grain ears, triple drop earrings and necklace
Rev.: Horse right, in front of palm tree
Siculo-Punic, Sicilian Mint?
Sear 6444;
[SNG Cop 109, 117]
Jaimelai
Carthage_AE.JPG
Carthage, Zeugitana44 viewscirca 3rd century BC
AE19 (19mm, 5.84g)
O: Head of Tanit left, wreathed in corn, wearing plain necklace and earring.
R: Head and neck of horse right.
Sear 6523v (pendant necklace)

Enodia
65642p00.jpg
Carthage, Zeugitania Tanit Bronze c. 310-290 B.C.12 viewsBronze AE 17, 2.875g, 16.1mm, 315o, Sicilian mint, c. 310 - 290 B.C.
Obv: Head of Tanit left wearing wreath of grain, earring, and necklace.
Rev: Horse standing right, date palm tree in background behind horse.
Ref: SNG Cop 109 ff., SGCV II 6444.
Choice VF.
mjabrial
52097p00.jpg
Carthage, Zeugitania, North Africa, 201 - 175 B.C.15 viewsBronze trishekel, SNG Cop 409 ff. (various symbols), Fair, 11.078g, 26.8mm, 0o, Carthage mint, 201 - 175 B.C.; obverse head of Tanit left, wreathed in grain; reverse horse striding right, Punic letter below; scarceMagisterRiggs
thumb_57636p00.jpg
Carthage, Zeugitania, North Africa, 300 - 264 B.C.24 viewsFrom Forum: Bronze AE 15, cf. SNG Cop 144 ff., aF, 5.571g, 18.8mm, 270o, Sardinian mint, obverse head of Tanit left wearing wreath of grain, earring and necklace; reverse horse's head right;

Wish Tanit had kept her head on this coin....but LOVE the horse!
1 commentsMagisterRiggs
thumb_58489p00~0.jpg
Carthage, Zeugitania, North Africa, c. 400 - 350 B.C.12 viewsBronze AE 17, cf. Alexandropoulos 18, SNG Cop 109 ff., Müller Afrique 163, SGCV II 6444, F, 1.606g, 13.9mm, 270o, c. 400 - 350 B.C.; obverse head of Tanit left wearing wreath of grain and pendant necklace; reverse horse standing right, date palm tree behind;MagisterRiggs
20180528_103242.png
Carthage. Carthage circa 400-350 BC. 11 viewsObv. Head of Tanit to left, wearing wreath of grain ears.
Rev. Horse standing right, palm tree in background, three pellets above pellet in right field.
References: MAA 18l; Jenkins & Lewis 13; SNG Copenhagen 118. SEAR 6508-11.
16.1mm and 2.23grams.
As found condition.
Canaan
10313981_10102484189296593_8051174908714375070_n.jpg
Carthaginian Coin15 viewsA bronze Carthaginian coin minted in Carthage between 264-241 BC. 22 mm, 8.57 g

Obverse: Head of Tanit left wearing earrings and wreathed in ears of grain

Reverse: Horse's head right

Attribution: Sear 6526, Mueller 2.102.286, SNG Copenhagen 151
chuy1530
10250110_10102484189401383_1805500442807347379_n.jpg
Carthaginian Coin19 viewsA bronze coin minted in Carthage or possibly Punic Sicily between 264-241 BC. 16 mm, 2.06 g

Obverse: Head of Tanit left wearing earrings and wreathed in ears of grain

Reverse: Horse standing right, date palm tree behind

Attribution: SNG Copenhagen 109
chuy1530
10177397_10102484189456273_1023944263046223324_n.jpg
Carthaginian Coin11 viewsA Carthaginian coin minted in Carthage or possibly Punic Sicily around 306 BC. 11 mm, 5.09 g

Obverse: Head of Tanit left wearing earrings and wreathed in ears of grain

Reverse: Horse prancing right

Attribution: SNG Copenhagen 95
chuy1530
EB0234b_scaled.JPG
EB0234 Tanit / Horse5 viewsCarthage, ZEUGITANA, AE 16, 200-146 BC.
Obverse: Head of Tanit left.
Reverse: Horse standing right, palm tree in background.
References:-.
Diameter: 16mm, Weight: 1.81g.
EB
EB0235b_scaled.JPG
EB0235 Tanit / Horse7 viewsCarthage, ZEUGITANA, AE 20, 241-146 BC.
Obverse: Head of Tanit left.
Reverse: Horse standing right, looking left.
References: SG 6511, Weber 8503.
Diameter: 20mm, Weight: 5.921g.
EB
EB0236b_scaled.JPG
EB0236 Tanit / Horse5 viewsCarthage, ZEUGITANA, AE 20, 241-146 BC.
Obverse: Head of Tanit left.
Reverse: Horse standing right, looking left.
References: SG 6511, Weber 8503.
Diameter: 20.5mm, Weight: 4.912g
EB
EB0237b_scaled.JPG
EB0237 Tanit / Horse6 viewsCarthage, ZEUGITANA, AE 19, 241-146 BC.
Obverse: Head of Tanit left.
Reverse: horses head right, palm tree symbol .
References: SG 6528.
Diameter: 19.5mm, Weight: 5.922g.
EB
EB0238b_scaled.JPG
EB0238 Tanit / Horse13 viewsCarthage, ZEUGITANA, AE 30, 241-146 BC.
Obverse: Head of Tanit left.
Reverse: Horsehead right; caduceus before.
References: SG 6520; SNG Cop 197; Müller 296.
Diameter: 30mm, Weight: 15.586g.
1 commentsEB
1385_Eryx2.jpg
Eryx? - AE8 views400-340 BC
head of Tanit left
horse right
Mem
CNS I S.287.22; HGC 30

ex Gorny & Mosch
1 commentsJohny SYSEL
Tanit -1.jpg
First Punic War72 viewsShekel - Punic - Carthage - ~ 241 BC
D. 22 mm - Wt. 4.9 gms
Obv: Head of Tanit left
Rev: Plough
Rare
1 commentsTanit
LarryW2348~0.jpg
GG, Carthage, c. 310-290 BC169 viewsElectrum shekel, 18.8mm, 7.76g, choice VF
Head of Tanit left, wreathed with corn; she wears necklace and triple earring; pellet in lower left field / Horse standing right on double exergal line; pellet in lower right field. COA
Ex: Glenn Woods
Sear 6462; Jenkins V, 249
2 commentsLawrence Woolslayer
Coin.png
GLORIA EXERCITVS - Soldiers with standards - Constantius II36 viewsÆ Follis (1.9 g, 18 mm) Mint constantinople.
Struck CE. 330 - 333

Obverse:
FL.ILV.CONSTANITVS.NOB.C
Constantius II, bust draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse:
GLORIA.EXERCITVS (Glory to the army) In exergue: CONSS(?)
Two soldiers with two standards between them

Reference I: Constantinople RIC VII 61, S
Reference II: Sear 3986

This was my first roman coin.

I apologize for the mediocre photography. If there is anything wrong with the information provided(I expect there to be... I am but a novice), please comment!
1 commentsjulienso42
Floor_-_Delos.jpg
Greece, Delos - Mosaic Floor in the Maritime Quarter246 viewsInterestingly this mosaic floor features the symbol of Tanit a Carthaginian goddess.Lloyd T
LarryW8015.jpg
GS Zeugitana, Carthage, c. 216-211 BC (Time of Hannibal)68 viewsSilver quarter-shekel, 13mm, 1.84g, gVF
Head of Tanit left, wreathed with grain, wearing pendant earring and necklace / Horse stands right on exergual line
Ex: Apollo Numismatics
Jenkins pl.28, 2
2 commentsLawrence Woolslayer
Unidentified.jpg
I sense an African theme...24 viewsTop left: Can I sing some U2? "I stillllll haven't found... what I'm looking forrrrrr..."

Top and bottom right: Ptolemaic, not sure exactly which Ptolemy. Gorgeous though.

Bottom left: Carthaginian.
Bronze, 17 mm at widest, 4 grams (by my terrible kitchen scale)
Head of Tanit left, obverse
Prancing (or rearing?) horse right, reverse
60-75 degree die axis (ish)
EvaJupiterSkies
Lucius Verus.jpg
Lucius Verus Sestertius40 viewsAE Sestertius
Obv: L AVREL VERVS AVG ARMENIACVS ; bare-headed & cuirassed bust right
Rev: TR P IIII IMP II COS II S C ; Mars walking r., carrying a spear and trophy

"Not in BMC with this obv. type.
However, BM 1101 and 1120 are sestertii in the same issue with the same obv. type as Tanit's coin, but different rev. types.
It's quite likely that there are other specimens like Tanit's in existence, but none in Paris or BM or the easily available literature, so the variant did not make it into Cohen, RIC, or BMC." Curtis Clay
Tanit
Siculo-punica,_zecca_incerta_Æ16___Circa_310-280_aC_.jpg
Monetazione Siculo-punica Siculo-Punic, uncertain mint Æ16. Circa 310-280 BC. 18 viewsWreathed head of Tanit l. / Horse standing r., in front of palm- 2.91g, 20 mm, . brown patina, Very Fine . -------------- Monetazione Siculo-punica Testa coronata di Tanit a sinistra / Cavallo stante a destra., Di fronte a palma- 2.91g, 20 mm,. Patina verde, molto fine mont.5543 _5971Antonivs Protti
carthago_SNGcop109.jpg
North Africa, Carthago, SNG Cop. 10947 viewsAE 17, 3.19g
struck 400-350 BC
obv. Head of goddess Tanit, crowned with grain, l.
rev. Horse stg. r., palm-tree behind
SNG Copenhagen 109; Alexandropoulos 18
VF

Tanit was the main-goddess of Carthago. The Horse is a symbol for Carthago and the palm-tree stands for prosperity.
Jochen
P 3 D.jpg
Punic129 viewsShekel - Carthage - 215-201 BC
Diameter: 22 mm
Weight: 7 gms
Wreathed head of Tanit left / Horse standing right, head reverted;

SNG 307
2 commentsTanit
punic_3.jpg
Punic44 viewsTanit
punic_1.jpg
Punic55 viewsTanit
punic.jpg
Punic52 viewsShekel - Carthage - 215-201 BC

Wreathed head of Tanit left / Horse standing right, head reverted;

SNG 307
Tanit
punic5.jpg
Punic - Carthage - AE 1541 viewsPunic - Carthage - 400-350 BC
AE 15 globular
15 mm, 6.6 gr.
Head of Tanit left
Horse jumping right

SNG 96
Tanit
punic4.jpg
Punic - Carthage - AE 1749 viewsCarthage, Zeugitania, North Africa, c. 310 - 290 B.C. Bronze AE 17
Obverse: head of Tanit left wearing wreath of grain and pendant necklace;
Reverse: horse standing right, date palm tree behind.
SNG 109

Tanit
P 16+.jpg
Punic - Carthago - Shekel54 viewsTanit
P 1 D.jpg
Punic - Carthago - Shekel71 viewsShekel - Carthage - 300-264 BC
Diameter: 20 mm
Weight : 6 gms
Obv: head of Tanit left
Rev: horse's head right

SNG 149
1 commentsTanit
p20.jpg
Punic - Carthago - Shekel31 viewsPunic - Carthago - Shekel - Carthage - 300-264 BC

Obv: head of Tanit left
Rev: horse's head right

SNG 149
Tanit
P 14+.jpg
Punic - Carthago - Shekel44 viewsShekel - Carthage - 300-264 BC
Diameter: 18 mm
Weight : 5 gms
Obv: head of Tanit left
Rev: horse's head right

SNG 175
Tanit
P 13+.jpg
Punic - Carthago - Shekel38 viewsShekel - Carthage - 300-264 BC
Diameter: 18 mm
Weight : 5 gms
Obv: head of Tanit left
Rev: horse's head right

SNG 149
Tanit
P 12+.jpg
Punic - Carthago - Shekel36 viewsShekel - Carthage - 300-264 BC
Diameter: 18 mm
Weight : 5 gms
Obv: head of Tanit left
Rev: horse's head right

SNG 149
Tanit
Punic_6.jpg
Punic - Carthago - Shekel80 viewsPunic - Carthago - Shekel
Shekel - Carthage - 300-264 BC
Diameter: 18 mm
Weight : 5 gms
Obv: head of Tanit left
Rev: horse's head right

SNG 175
2 commentsTanit
Punic 10 D.jpg
Punic - SNG 19248 viewsDishekel - Sardaigna - 264-241 BC
Diameter: 26 mm
Weight: 13 gms

Obv: head of Tanit left
Rev: horse's head right

SNG 192
Tanit
punic +.jpg
Punic - SNG 40958 views3 Shekels - Carthage - 201-195 BC
Diameter: 27 mm
Weight: 17.7 gms
Obv.: Head of Tanit left ; Rev.: Horse standing right,

SNG 409
Tanit
Punique 5.jpg
Punic AE 1514 viewsHead of Tanit left, wearing necklace
Horse standing right, palm-tree behind
15 mm

Ginolerhino
Punique 4.jpg
Punic AE 1532 viewsHead of Tanit left
Horse jumping right
15 mm
1 commentsGinolerhino
Punique 3.jpg
Punic AE 1849 viewsHead of Tanit left, wearing necklace
Head of horse right
18 mm
1 commentsGinolerhino
Punique 2.jpg
Punic AE 2621 viewsHead of Tanit left
Horse pacing right
26 mm
Ginolerhino
Punique 1.jpg
Punic AE 2725 viewsHead of Tanit left
Horse pacing right, punic letter beneath
27 mm
Ginolerhino
Punic_5.jpg
Punic Carthage30 views21 mm - 5.60 g

Obv: Head of Tanit to the left.
Rev: Standing horse to the right, diverting the head. Bellow, globule.
Tanit
Punic_4.jpg
Punic Carthage31 viewsUnit - 400-350 B.C. - Carthage
15.4 mm - 2.15 g
Obv: Head of Tanit to the left
Rev: Standing horse to the right, palm tree

SNG 109
J.L. p. 132-133, n°1
Alexandropoulos, 18
Tanit
Punic_3~0.jpg
Punic Carthage64 viewsShekel - 220-215 B.C. - cARTHAGE
23 mm - 7.74 g
Obv: Head of Tanit to the left.
Rev: Standing horse to the right, diverting the head. In front of, Punic letter.

M. 205
Alexandropoulos 88b

1 commentsTanit
Punic_2~1.jpg
Punic Carthage43 viewsUnit - 400-350 B.C. - Carthage
15.8 mm - 2.5 g
Obv: Head of Tanit to the left
Rev: Standing horse to the right, palm tree

SNG 109
J.L. p. 132-133, n°1
Alexandropoulos, 18
Tanit
tanit_2.jpg
Punic Carthage AR Double Shekel with a Serrated Edge19 viewsPunic Carthage Double Shekel with a Serrated Edge
Silver

Obv.: Head of Tanit l. wreathed with corn, wearing a necklace, and a single-drop ear ring.

Rev.: Horse standing r., left foreleg raised. Pellet in front.

Müller 116 ; SNG /
1 commentsTanit
carthages.jpg
Punic Carthage Bronze Coin13 viewsA Punic Carthage bronze coin, minted in Carthage during the First Punic War, between 264-241 BC. 11 mm, 2.35 g.

Obverse: Head of Tanit left, wreathed in grain

Reverse: Horse standing right, palm tree behind

Attribution: SNG Copenhagen 113 ff
chuy1530
tanit~1.jpg
Punic Carthage Silver Shekel21 viewsPunic Carthage Silver Shekel
7.1 gr.
Wreathed head of Tanit left / Horse standing right, head reverted;

SNG 187
1 commentsTanit
punic_2.jpg
Punic Countermark32 viewsTanit
Punic_2~0.jpg
Punic First Punic War - Carthage91 viewsPUNIC. Carthage. 241 B.C. Shekel.
Obverse: Head of Tanit facing left.
Reverse: Ear.
SNG 235
1 commentsTanit
Punic_1~1.jpg
Punic Tanit36 viewsPunic AE 20
Obv: Head of Tanit to the left.
Rev: Standing horse to the right, diverting the head. Bellow, globule.
Tanit
Punique D 1.jpg
Punic Tanit - SNG 351149 viewsBillon 2 Shekels - Carthage - 205-203 BC
Weight: 11.8 gms
Obv.: Wreathed head of Tanit left ; Rev.: Horse standing right, palm behind.

SNG 351
2 commentsTanit
Tanit.jpg
Punic Tanit Punic - SNG 351124 viewsZEUGITANA, Carthage. Time of the First Punic War. Circa 264-241 BC.

Billon Double Shekel (11.8 gm).
Obv.: Wreathed head of Tanit left, wearing triple-pendant earring and necklace
Rev;: Horse standing right, palm behind, pellet below.

SNG Copenhagen 190; Müller 104
2 commentsTanit
P 19+.jpg
Punic Zeugitana27 viewsTanit
P 18+.jpg
Punic Zeugitana38 viewsTanit
P 4 D.jpg
Punic Zeugitana47 viewsShekel - Carthage - 300-264 BC
Diameter: 18 mm
Weight : 5 gms
Obv: head of Tanit left
Rev: horse's head right

SNG 149
Tanit
P 2 D.jpg
Punic Zeugitana63 viewsShekel - Carthage - 300-264 BC
Diameter: 18 mm
Weight : 5 gms
Obv: head of Tanit left
Rev: horse's head right

SNG 149
1 commentsTanit
P 6+.jpg
Punic Zeugitana31 viewsTanit
punique.jpg
PUNIC, Carthage, AE Shekel, c.300-275 BC37 viewsCARTHAGE. Circa 300-275 BC. Æ Shekel (18mm, 6 g, 3h).
Obv: Wreathed head of Tanit left.
Rev: Forepart of horse right; Punic "o" to right.
MAA 57x; SNG Copenhagen 151.
moneta romana
tanit_1.jpg
Punic, Carthage, Billon 2 Shekels38 viewsZEUGITANA, Carthage. Time of the First Punic War. Circa 264-241 BC.

Billon Double Shekel (11.8 gm).
Obv.: Wreathed head of Tanit left, wearing triple-pendant earring and necklace
Rev;: Horse standing right, palm behind, pellet below.

SNG Copenhagen 190; Müller 104
3 commentsTanit
21941q00.jpg
PUNIC, Carthage, Zeugitana, c. 310 - 290 B.C., Electrum shekel16 viewsSH21941. Electrum shekel, Jenkins and Lewis 247 - 250, SNG Cop 137, SGCV II 6462, Choice gVF, a gem, weight 7.575 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 0o, Carthage mint, obverse head of Tanit left, wreathed in grain, wearing necklace and triple-drop earring, dot border; reverse horse standing right on double exergual line, pellet lower right, border of dots; excellent strike with dies of finest style; scarceJoe Sermarini
Carthage_1~0.jpg
PUNIC, Siculo-Punic134 viewsCarthage
Siculo-Punic Mint
370-325BC
Wreathed head of Tanit left
Horse galloping right
17mm, 5.5 grams
gVF
Sassari 56-136, Holleman Munten List 106
3 commentsWindchildPunico
Carthage_BI_Tridrachm~0.jpg
PUNIC, Zeugitana, Carthage, BI Tridrachm - Second Punic War Issue, struck ca. 215-210 BC 120 viewsYouthful head of Tanit left, wreathed with corn, wearing single drop pendant earring.
Horse standing right, palm tree behind.
Lorber Group 2; MAA 79; SNG Copenhagen 351.
(26 mm, 10.48 g, 12h)

Lorber in analysing a 1995 commerce hoard (CH 9.690) of Second Punic War billon tridrachms that was closed around 205 BC, concluded that this youthful portrayal of Tanit was most probably introduced in the aftermath of Hannibal’s victory over the Romans at Cannae in 216 BC. She inferred a Barcid propaganda association with the youthful portrayal, one that was later overturned as the tide of war turned against the Barcid generals, accompanied by the reversion to the traditional portrayal of Tanit on the coinage of Carthage in the closing years of the Second Punic War.
6 commentsLloyd
Zeugitana,_Carthage,_BI_1_1_2_Shekel~0.jpg
PUNIC, Zeugitana, Carthage, Second Punic War, ca. 203-201 BC, Billon 1½ Shekel - SNG Copenhagen 396143 viewsHead of Tanit left, wearing single drop earring. / Horse standing right with a foreleg raised and head reverted, pellet between the rear legs. MAA 81c; SNG Copenhagen 396; Sear GCV 6517 (described as bronze).
(23 mm, 8.93 g, 12h)
Harlan J. Berk

Issued in the final years of the Second Punic War, when the Carthaginian treasury was nearly drained of silver, this coin is of strongly debased metal, with no more than 15% silver content. As a result, this type is frequently described as being of bronze.
2 commentsLloyd T
Lucius_Verus.jpg
Roman Empire, Lucius Verus Sestertius160 viewsAE Sestertius
Obv: L AVREL VERVS AVG ARMENIACVS ; bare-headed & cuirassed bust right
Rev: TR P IIII IMP II COS II S C ; Mars walking r., carrying a spear and trophy

"Not in BMC with this obv. type.
However, BM 1101 and 1120 are sestertii in the same issue with the same obv. type as Tanit's coin, but different rev. types.
It's quite likely that there are other specimens like Tanit's in existence, but none in Paris or BM or the easily available literature, so the variant did not make it into Cohen, RIC, or BMC." Curtis Clay
Tanit
cesar.jpg
Roman Octavian Sestertius22 viewsOCTAVIAN, with DIVUS JULIUS CAESAR. 38 BC.
Æ Sestertius
Obv: CAESAR before, DIVI F behind, bare head of Octavian right, wearing slight beard
Rev: DIVOS before, IVLIVS behind, head of Divus Julius Caesar right, wearing wreath.
Crawford 535/1; RPC I 620; CRI 308; Sydenham 1335; BMCRR Gaul 106; Cohen 3 (Julius Caesar)Tanit
Tanit
00278q00.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Collateral Semilibral Struck AE Triens - Crawford 3938 viewsRome. The Republic.
Semilibral Reduction, 217-215 BCE
Æ Triens (54 grams; 37 mm).
Uncertain Italian Mint.

Obverse: Head of Juno (?) right, wearing double-crested diadem, her hair tied in three ringlets down neck; scepter or sword over left shoulder (?); ●●●● (mark of value) behind.

Reverse: Hercules, naked but for lion skin, grasping centaur by hair and preparing to strike him with club; ●●●● (mark of value) before; ROMA in exergue.

References: Crawford 39/1; Sydenham 93 (R6); BMCRR (Romano-Campanian) 113-115.

Provenance: Ex Munzen und Medaillen 47 (1972), Lot 74.

Crawford dates his 39 series of collateral, semilibral struck bronzes to the early years of the Second Punic War, 217-215 BC. The economic hardship on Rome imposed by Hannibal’s invasion led to a rapid decline in the weight of Roman bronze coins, resulting in the adoption of a semi-libral bronze standard (AE As of ½ Roman pound) and eventual elimination of cast coins. Crawford deduces that Hannibal’s defeat of Rome at Trasimene in 217 B.C. likely tipped the financial scales to the semilibral reduction. He notes that Capua overstruck Roman coinage of the late semi-libral period when Capua joined with Hannibal in 216-215. Further, in Roman Republican Coin Hoards, Crawford reports that hoard #56, found at Capua in 1909, contained three trientes and four sextantes of the “collateral” series; thus the series must have circulated in Capua for a time before the town switched sides to Hannibal in 216-215. It appears that the standard, prow-type semilibral coins (Crawford 38) came first, because hoards containing the Crawford 39 coins almost always contain semilibral prow types as well.

The obverse of this Triens is particularly enigmatic. Both before, during and after production of this series, the goddess depicted on trientes was typically Minerva. In Roman iconography, Minerva’s attributes are the Corinthian helmet, aegis and spear. The goddess on this triens lacks the Corinthian helmet that was used to depict Minerva in previous Aes Grave series of libral and semilibral weight standard (See Crawford 35 and 38 Aes Grave) and on the subsequent, prow-type, struck trientes (Crawford 41 and 56). Some authors are non-committal as to the goddess’ identity (Crawford, for one, in his catalogue; though elsewhere in his text he refers to “Juno”); others attribute the goddess as Juno who, as Jupiter’s consort, is typically rendered with a diadem crown and scepter; and others believe the goddess is Bellona, a war goddess who is typically rendered with helmet and weapon. Firm identification depends, in part, on proper understanding of the headgear. I think attempts to call the headgear a “helmet” or “partial helmet” are misguided efforts to explain the crest. In my opinion, the headgear is a crested diadem. The odd crest attached to the end of the diadem is possibly a misinterpreted element borrowed from portraits of Tanit on Punic coinage, which always show Tanit with a stylized wheat leaf in this location (Tanit’s depiction was likely borrowed by the Carthaginians from Syracusan tetradrachms). There is also some confusion as to what the goddess holds over her left shoulder. Condition issues and poor strikes on some examples often eliminate this aspect of the design. Fortunately, my example is quite clear and one can see the shadowy image on the left shoulder which extends in straight-line behind the left side of the goddess’ head ending in a visible, rounded point above her head. Crawford may have thought the lower part of this element represented the goddess’ far-side curls (“hair falls in tight rolls onto BOTH shoulders” emphasis added), but this interpretation does not explain the point above her head. The point is not likely to represent the opposite crest, as the crest on the visible side does not extend above head-top level. A more plausible theory, proposed by both Grueber and Sydenham, is that the goddess is holding a scepter over her left shoulder, which is consistent with Juno’s attributes. Other possibilities are that she bears a spear, which is an attribute of Minerva, or a sword, which is an attribute of Bellona.

The Series 39 types and their relationship to contemporaneous Second Punic War events are interesting to ponder. Hercules is an important figure, appearing on two of the 10 available sides of the series. Likely this is a paradigm of Roman heroism during the War. In the myth depicted on this Triens, Hercules kills a centaur for assaulting his wife – is this an allegorical reference to Hannibal’s assault on Italy (and the likely response from Rome)?

Despite its beauty, this type would never again be repeated on a Roman coin. However, related imagery can be found on quincunxes of Capua and quadrantes of Larinum, Apulia, immediately following the defection of those towns to Hannibal’s side of the Second Punic War.
3 commentsCarausius
1315_56H1_quadrans.JPG
Rome - AE quadrans8 viewsSardinia? (or Sicily or south Italy)
211-206 BC
head of Hercules right wearing lion skin
●●●
prow of galley right
ROMA
●●●
Crawford cf. 56/5; RBW 210. Cf.; McCabe H1
ex Savoca

Probably overstrike on Cartaginian Tanit/horse head issue from Sardinia
Johny SYSEL
RR_004_Vanquished.jpg
Second Punic War, Vanquished Enemy Overstrike, 211-204 B.C.60 views" This coin is from Andrew McCabe's group H1, a previously unrecognized late Second Punic War issue, overstruck on the coins of Rome's vanquished enemies, from a mint or mints in Southern Italy, Sicily or Sardinia. The most common undertype is Carthaginian Tanit / horse types, but coins of Capua, the Bretti, Syracuse and other coins of the vanquished were also overstruck. For reasons unknown, these coins were overstruck on types that weighed half the standard for the same denomination at Rome. In the past these coins were often assumed, based on their weight, to date to the late second century or first century B.C."

Bronze triens, McCabe Anonymous group H1, cf. Crawford 56/4 (Rome mint, normal weight), VF, overstruck, nice green patina, 6.827g, 20.5mm, 270o, Southern Italy, Sicily or Sardinia mint, 211 - 204 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Minerva right, four pellets above; reverse prow of galley right, ROMA above, four pellets below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection;
jimmynmu
Punic3§.jpg
Shekel - Carthage - 300-264 BC29 viewsShekel - Carthage - 300-264 BC

Obv: head of Tanit left
Rev: horse's head right

SNG 164
Tanit
FotorCreated123.jpg
Sicily Syracuse Siculo Punic AR Tetradrachm circa 350-320 BC 27mm 17.26g 7h94 viewsWreathed head of Arethusa right,wearing triple - pendant earring and necklace,three dolpdins around in front nose to nose,behind the sign of Tanit.Rev horse right with palm tree behind,the horse left foreleg bent a vertical caduceus before.3 commentsGrant H
P 8+.jpg
Siculo-Punic - Carthago - Unit31 views400-350 BC
Weight : 2.5 gms
Diameter: 15 mm
Obv.: Wreathed head of Tanit left ; Rev.: Horse standing right, palm behind, > before.

M.P. 12 p.243
J.A. 18s p.367
1 commentsTanit
P 2+.jpg
Siculo-Punic - SNG 12028 viewsCarthage/ Siculo-punic, c.325-275 BC
Diameter: 17 mm
Obv: Male head l, corn ears before and behind
Rev: Horse galloping r.

SNG Cop. Sicily 1031; SNG Cop. N.Afr.120-123
Tanit
Carthage_1.jpg
Siculo-Punic AE Horse Galloping155 viewsCarthage
AE17
370-325BC
Siculo-Punic Mint
(no legend)
Wreathed head of Tanit left
(no legend)
Horse galloping right
17mm
5.5g
gVF
Sassari 56-136, Holleman Munten List 106

Forvm Best of Type: http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-93939
6 commentsWindchildPunico
Carth_0010.jpg
Siculo-Punic, AE16167 views264-241 BC
Head of Tanit left
Horse right and palm tree
1.75 gr, 16 mm
Ref : SNG Cop. 111
7 commentsPotator II
1526418_647024778667770_752791330_n.jpg
SICULO-PUNIC?14 viewsPersephone-Tanit left/ Horse right, palm tree behind? Ae13/14Randygeki(h2)
Spain,_Carthigo_Nova_2.jpg
Spain, Carthago Nova20 viewsAE12 (1/4 Calaco)
220-215 B.C.
12mm, 1.80g

Obverse:
Head of Tanit left.

Reverse:
Corinthian Helmet.
rubadub
Spain,_Carthigo_Nova_1.jpg
Spain, Carthago Nova18 viewsAE13 (1/4 Calco)
220-215 B.C.
13mm, 1.63g

Obverse:
Head of Tanit left

Reverse:
Corinthian helmet
rubadub
Tanit.jpg
Tanit157 viewsTanit was a Phoenician lunar goddess worshiped as the patron goddess of Carthage.

Background to the coin type http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-60562
1 commentsLloyd T
punic1~5.jpg
Tanit Punic57 viewsPunic AE 20
Obv: Head of Tanit to the left.
Rev: Standing horse to the right, diverting the head. Bellow, globule.
2 commentsTanit
Punic D 3.jpg
Tanit Punic72 viewsBillon 2 Shekels - Cathage - 300 BC
Weight: 10.9 gms
Obv.: Wreathed head of Tanit left ; Rev.: Horse standing right, palm behind.

SNG 190
Tanit
punic_.jpg
Tanit Punic 20 viewsPunic AE 20
Obv: Head of Tanit to the left.
Rev: Standing horse to the right, diverting the head. Bellow, globule

Tanit
Punic 4 D.jpg
Tanit Punic - SNG 19068 viewsBillon 2 Shekels - Cathage - 300 BC
Weight: 10.9 gms
Obv.: Wreathed head of Tanit left ; Rev.: Horse standing right, palm behind.

SNG 190
Tanit
punic 1+.jpg
Tanit Punic - SNG 34458 views3 Shekels - Cathage - 220-215 BC
Diameter: 30 mm
Weight : 18.5 gms
Obv.: Wreathed head of Tanit left ; Rev.: Horse standing right, palm behind.

SNG 344
1 commentsTanit
Punic D 2.jpg
Tanit Punic - SNG 35191 viewsBillon 2 Shekels - Carthage - 205-203 BC
Weight: 11.8 gms
Obv.: Wreathed head of Tanit left ; Rev.: Horse standing right, palm behind.

SNG 351
1 commentsTanit
Punic 6 D.jpg
Tanit Punic - SNG 409162 views3 Shekels - Carthage - 201-195 BC
Diameter: 27 mm
Weight: 17.7 gms
Obv.: Head of Tanit left ; Rev.: Horse standing right,

SNG 409
Tanit
zeugitana_bronze.jpg
zeugitana bronze525 views19.8mm, 4.5g, 90°
Obv: head of Tanit left
Rev: horse's head right, palm to right
areich
LarryW2348.jpg
Zeugitana, Carthage, 310-290 BC146 viewsEL shekel-didrachm, 18.8mm, 7.76g, Nice VF
Head of Tanit left, wreathed with corn and with prominent curl on top in place of the usual corn-ear; she wears neacklace and triple earring; pellet in lower left field before necklace / Horse standing right on double exergal line; pellet in lower right field before horse's fore-hooves. Scarce
Sear 6462; SNG Cop 137
1 commentsLawrence Woolslayer
LarryW2343.jpg
Zeugitana, Carthage, 3rd -2nd century BC86 viewsÆ25 (billon), 23mm, 8.89g, VF
Head of Tanit left, wreathed with corn, wearing earring / Horse standing right, looking back, right foreleg raised; pellet beneath
Sear 6517; SNG Cop 396
Lawrence Woolslayer
Carthage_AE_28_.jpg
Zeugitana, Carthage, c. 241-221 BC, AE 28 21 viewsHead of Tanit left, wearing wreath of ears of wheat, triple pendant earring and necklace.
Horse standing right, eight rayed star above, Punic letter alef in right field.

Viola, Corpus Numorum Punicorum (2010) CNP-53; Visona (AJN 10) 31 var. (billon double shekel).

(28 mm, 22.67 g, 12h).
Harlan J Berk 190, 29 May 2014, 247.

This rare type was issued between the First and Second Punic Wars. The iconography is almost identical to silver trishekel issues of SNG Copenhagen 185 usually attributed to the period 264-241 BC and associated with the First Punic War. This bronze type was produced in the aftermath of the First Punic War when the Carthaginian treasury was under pressure of war reparations to Rome. The type is unlisted in most catalogues and appears to have been unknown until recently.

This coin came via HJB auction in 2014 with four others of similar type, accompanied by the appearance of several other in commerce around the same time, all bearing the the same distinctive dusty green patina. This co-incident appearance of a rare type bearing a common patina is suggestive of a recently discovered hoard. Before this appearance, the type was not seen in commerce for the preceeding ten years and appears to have been almost unknown so that the 2010 Viola CNP attribution is the only specific reference to the type.

n.igma
_Carthage_AE_25.jpg
Zeugitana, Carthage, ca. 230-220 BC, AE 2514 viewsHead of Tanit left, wearing wreath of ears of wheat, single drop pendant earring and necklace.
Horse standing right, radiate sun-disk flanked by uraei above, Punic letter ayin in right field.

Viola, Corpus Numorum Punicorum (2010) 46d; Visona (AJN 10) 37; SNG Copenhagen 260.

(25 mm, 12.87 g, 12h).
Harlan J Berk 193, 30 April 2015, 380.
n.igma
Zeugitana-Carthage-Circa_264-241-BC_-Sardinian_mint_Head-of-Tanit-left_Horses-head-right-palm-tree-and-pellet__SNG-Copenhagen-174-175_Q-001_20-22mm_6,14g-s.jpg
Zeugitana, Carthage, Sardinian mint, (c.264-241 B.C.), AE-20, SNG Cop 174-175, Horse's head right, #1,269 viewsZeugitana, Carthage, Sardinian mint, (c.264-241 B.C.), AE-20, SNG Cop 174-175, Horse's head right, #1,
avers:- Head of Tanit left.
revers:- Horse's head right, palm tree before and pellet below.
diameter: 20-22mm,
weight: 6,14g,
axis: 9h,
mint: Zeugitana, Carthage, Sardinian mint,
date: c.264-241 B.C.,
ref: SNG Copenhagen 174-175,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Zeugitana-Carthage-Circa_264-241-BC_-Sardinian_mint_Head-of-Tanit-left_Horse__s-head-right-palm-tree-and-pellet__SNG-Copenhagen-174-175_Q-001_20-22mm_6,14g-x-s.jpg
Zeugitana, Carthage, Sardinian mint, (c.264-241 B.C.), AE-20, SNG Cop 174-175, Horse's head right, #1, Re-Shot,326 viewsZeugitana, Carthage, Sardinian mint, (c.264-241 B.C.), AE-20, SNG Cop 174-175, Horse's head right, #1, Re-Shot,
avers:- Head of Tanit left.
revers:- Horse's head right, palm tree before and pellet below.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 20-22mm, weight: 6,14g, axis: 9h,
mint: Zeugitana, Carthage, Sardinian mint, date: c.264-241 B.C.,
ref: SNG Copenhagen 174-175,
Q-001
quadrans
Zeugitana-Carthage-Circa_264-241-BC_-Sardinian_mint_Head-of-Tanit-left_Horse__s-head-right-palm-tree-and-pellet__SNG-Copenhagen-174-175_Q-002_20-22mm_6,14g-x-s.jpg
Zeugitana, Carthage, Sardinian mint, (c.264-241 B.C.), AE-20, SNG Cop 174-175, Horse's head right, #2264 viewsZeugitana, Carthage, Sardinian mint, (c.264-241 B.C.), AE-20, SNG Cop 174-175, Horse's head right, #2
avers:- Head of Tanit left.
revers:- Horse's head right and pellet.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 4,92g, axis: 3h,
mint: Zeugitana, Carthage, Sardinian mint,
date: Circa 264-241-BC., ref: SNG Copenhagen 174-175,
Q-001
quadrans
Zeugitana_Carthage,_Billon_Tridrachm_213-210_BC.jpg
Zeugitana, Carthage, Second Punic War, struck ca. 210-205 BC, BI Tridrachm13 viewsHead of Tanit left, wreathed with corn, wearing single drop pendant ear-ring.
Horse standing right, palm tree behind.

Lorber Group 3, 88 (this coin); MAA 44; SNG Copenhagen 190.
Thick hoard patina intact.

(26 mm, 10.68 g, 12h).
J Jencek Ancient Coins & Antiquities, August 2006; ex- Harlan J. Berk; ex- Commerce 1995 Hoard.
n.igma
Zeugitana,_Carthage,_Second_Punic_War,_BI_1_1_2_Shekel_(Lorber_Gp_4).jpg
Zeugitana, Carthage, Second Punic War, struck ca. 210-205 BC, BI Tridrachm26 viewsHead of Tanit left, wreathed with corn, wearing necklace and triple drop pendant ear-ring.
Horse standing right, palm tree behind.

Lorber Group 4, 132 (same dies); MAA 44; SNG Copenhagen 190.

(25 mm, 9.78 g, 12h).
Harlan J Berk Limited Buy or Bid Sale 150, 127; ex- Commerce 1995 Hoard.
1 commentsn.igma
Zeugitana,_Carthage_Second_Punic_War,_BI_1_1_2_Shekel.jpg
Zeugitana, Carthage, Second Punic War,struck ca. 215-210 BC, BI Tridrachm 16 viewsYouthful head of Tanit left, wreathed with corn, wearing single drop pendant earring.
Horse standing right, palm tree behind.

Lorber Group 2, 23 (this coin); MAA 79; SNG Copenhagen 351.

(25 mm, 11.93 g, 12h).
Harlan J Berk, August 2006; ex- Commerce 1995 Hoard.
n.igma
CarthageTanit.jpg
ZEUGITANA, Carthage. 15 shekel.62 viewsAE45, 95.4g
circa 200 BC
Obverse: head of Tanit
Reverse: horse standing right, left foreleg up; above, radiate disc flanked by uraei

I don't have a reference book and the only other picture of one I've found is on the magnagraecia.nl site. Their list indicates four specimens known to them. Don't know if this is one of the four.

1 commentsTIF
CarthageMultishot.jpg
ZEUGITANA, Carthage. 15 shekel.57 viewsAdditional views of the coin posted here http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-101874

AE45, 95.4g
circa 200 BC
Obverse: head of Tanit
Reverse: horse standing right, left foreleg up; above, radiate disc flanked by uraei
TIF
ZeugInHandRevSmaller.jpg
ZEUGITANA, Carthage. 15 shekel.93 viewsTaking it out for a sun bath. Can't stop fondling this fabulous coin!

AE45, 95.4g
circa 200 BC
Obverse: head of Tanit
Reverse: horse standing right, left foreleg up; above, radiate disc flanked by uraei

I don't have a reference book and the only other picture of one I've found is on the magnagraecia.nl site. Their list indicates four specimens known to them. Don't know if this is one of the four.
5 commentsTIF
carthage-zeugatania-reshoot.jpg
Zeugitana, Carthage. Circa 300-264 BC. AE 2021 viewsAncient Greek, Zeugitana, Carthage, c. (300-264 BC), AE 20mm. 5.5g

Obverse: NO LEGEND: Wreathed head of Tanit left.

Reverse: NO LEGEND: Horse's head right.

Reference: SNGCop 169
Gil-galad
ZEUGITANIA_-_Carthage.jpg
ZEUGITANIA Carthage Circa 300-264 BC12 viewsZEUGITANIA. Carthage. Ae 19.0~20.6mm. 4.78g. (Circa 300-264 BC). Obv: Head of Tanit left, wearing wreath of grain ears and triple-pendant earring. Rev: Head of horse right; below, pellet. SNG Cop. 170-171.ddwau
Cartage,_Zeugitani.jpg
ZEUGITANIA CARTHAGE PALM TREE HEAD TANIT HORSE PUNIC BRONZE 22 views16 mm / 2,5 gr., Sicilian mint., late 4th - early 3rd century B.C
Obverse: head of Tanit left wearing wreath of grain and pendant necklace;
Reverse: horse standing right, date palm tree behind;
SNG Cop . _1575
Antonivs Protti
carthage,_horse.JPG
Zeugitania horse's head30 viewsCarthage, Zeugitania, North Africa, 300 - 264 BC
Zeugitania, Tanit / Horse, AE19
Size/Weight: 19mm, 4.05g
Obverse: head of Tanit left
Reverse: horse's head right palm tree before horse's neck, ex areich, photo credit areich. Sear GCV II: 6528.

kaitsuburi
Zeugitania.jpg
Zeugitania, Carthage66 viewsObverse: Youthful male head left between two grain-ears
Reverse: Horse galloping right
Mint : Carthage
Date : Circa 350 B.C
Reference : MAA p. 367, 19; SNG Copenhagen 121
Grade : VF
Weight : 2.96 g
Metal : AE
Dealer : Sayles
Acquired: 09/10/06
Comments : 16 mm, black patina with brown highlights. Overstruck on a Carthaginian bronze with head of Tanit / Horse; palm behind
Bolayi
sicpun.jpg
Zeugitania, Carthage95 viewsZeugitania, Carthage. Circa 264-241 BC. Æ 24mm. Sardinian mint. Head of Tanit left, wearing earring and wreath of grain ears; dotted border / Horse standing right; Punic letters BT below; linear border. SNGCop #209. Müller 199.dpaul7
zeugitania.jpg
ZEUGITANIA, CARTHAGE39 views3rd CENTURY B.C.
AE 16 mm 3.01 g
O: TANIT, HEAD LEFT
R: HORSE STANDING R, PALM TREE BEHIND
SNG Cop 109
(ex Guy Clark)
laney
carthage_zeug.jpg
ZEUGITANIA, CARTHAGE48 views4th-3rd Century BC
AE 16.5 mm 2.74 g
O: Head of Tanit l., wreathed with corn
R: Horse standing r., palm tree in background.
Zeugitania. Carthage.


laney
carthage_zeug010415res.jpg
ZEUGITANIA, CARTHAGE30 views3rd CENTURY B.C.
AE 16 mm 3.01 g
O: TANIT, HEAD LEFT
R: HORSE STANDING R, PALM TREE BEHIND
SNG Cop 109
laney
tanit_horse_head_res.jpg
ZEUGITANIA, CARTHAGE134 viewsca. 300 - 264 BC
AE 19.5 mm 4.97 g
O: Wreathed head of Tanit left
R: Horse's head right
Sardinian mint
SNG Cop 149
laney
carthage_res.jpg
ZEUGITANIA, CARTHAGE135 views4th - 3rd Century BC
AE 16 mm 2.56 g
O: Head of Tanit facing left
R: Horse standing right, palm in the background
laney
zeug_res.jpg
ZEUGITANIA, CARTHAGE27 views400-350 BC
AE 20 mm, 4.30 g
O: Head of Tanit left, wreathed in grain
R: Horse standing right, palm tree in background
Zeugitania, Carthage
laney
zeug_carthage_uraeus_res.jpg
ZEUGITANIA, CARTHAGE25 viewsLate 3rd Century BC
AE 21 mm; 6.16 g
O: Head of Tanit left
R: Horse standing right, sun disc flanked by uraei (cobras) above, monogram below
SNG Morcom 921
laney
zeug_tanit_horse_headx.jpg
ZEUGITANIA, CARTHAGE53 viewsca. 300 - 264 BC
AE 19.5 mm 4.97 g
O: Wreathed head of Tanit, wearing necklace, left
R: Horse's head right
Sardinian mint
cf SNG Cop 149 ff
1 commentslaney
carthage_hand_k.jpg
Zeugitania, Carthage4 viewsAE15, 1.8g, 3h; c. 400-350 BC
Obv.: Head of Tanit left, wreathed in grain.
Rev.: Horse standing right, palm tree in background, three pellets before.
Reference: SNG Cop 119; Aleg.
John Anthony
Zeugitania.jpg
Zeugitania, Carthage (220 - 215 B.C.)18 viewsAE 15, 220 - 215 B.C., Zeugitana, 15mm, 2.78g, 45°, SNG Copenhagen 109.
Obv: Head of Tanit left, wreathed with corn, wearing necklace and earring.
Rev: Horse standing right, palm tree in background.
1 commentsMarti Vltori
Carthage.jpg
Zeugitania, Carthage 241-146 BC50 viewsobv: Head of Persephone/Tanit, left
rev: Horse, right, looking back; palm tree behind horse

23 mm, 7.1 g

SNGCop 317
1 commentsCGPCGP
0152_0153.jpg
Zeugitania, Carthage, AE16, Horse, Palm Tree3 viewsAE16
Zeugitania, Carthage
Issued: Circa 400 - 350BC
O: NO LEGEND; Head of Tanit, left.
R: NO LEGEND; Horse standing right, palm tree in background.
Z.26G; SNG Cop 113V
kass3694bmj 111951665874
4/24/16 1/21/17
Nicholas Z
4066_4067.jpg
Zeugitania, Carthage, AE17, Horse facing right.9 viewsAE17
Zeugitania, Carthage
300 - 260BC
17.0mm
O: NO LEGEND; Head of Tanit, facing left, wreathed in corn.
R: NO LEGEND; Bust of horse, facing right.
Exergue: Punic letter.
SNG Cop 225; Hoover 1651; Sear Greek 6523.
Harlan Berk
Chicago Coin Expo 4/6/17 4/17/17
Nicholas Z
Zeugitania,_Tanit___Horse,_AE17.JPG
Zeugitania, Tanit / Horse, AE1725 viewsZeugitania, Tanit / Horse, AE17. ZEUGITANIA, Carthage, ca. 4th-3rd century B.C. 17mm, 2.7g. Obverse: head of Tanit left. Reverse: Horse standing right; palm behind. Attribution: SNG Copenhagen 109. ex areich, photo credit areichPodiceps
Carthage_1a_img.jpg
Zeugitania/Siculo-Punic (Carthage and other mints)147 viewsAE unit
Obv:- Head of Tanit left, wearing wreath of grain.
Rev: Head of horse right, Pellet before.
Minted in Zeugitania, Carthage. Circa 300-264 BC
Reference:– SNGCop 169

21.49 mm. 5.36 g.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
GRK_Zeugitania_SNG_Cop_96-97.JPG
Zeugitania/Siculo-Punic (Carthage and other mints).40 viewsSNG Copenhagen 96-97, Calciati III 1-8, Alexandropoulos 15-15a

AE unit, 14-16 mm., struck ca. 370 – 340 B.C.

Obv: Head of Tanit left, wearing wreath of grain ears.

Rev: Horse prancing right, ground line beneath.
2 commentsStkp
GRK_Zeugitania_SNG_Cop_109.JPG
Zeugitania/Siculo-Punic (Carthage and other mints).35 viewsSear 6444, SNG Copenhagen 109, Calciati III 20, Alexandropoulos 18, Müller 163.

AE unit, 16 mm., struck ca. 400 – 350 B.C.

Obv: Head of Tanit left, wearing wreath of grain ears and a triple-pendant earing.

Rev: Horse standing right, in front of palm tree, ground line beneath.
Stkp
GRK_Zeugitania_SNG_COP__151.JPG
Zeugitania/Siculo-Punic (Carthage and other mints).51 viewsSear 6526, cf. SNG Copenhagen 151, cf. Müller 286, cf. Calciati III pg. 398, 21 lv 4, cf. Alexandropoulos 57x

AE unit, Sardinian mint, 18-20 mm., struck ca. 300 – 264 B.C.

Obv: Head of Tanit left, wearing wreath of grain.

Rev: Head of horse right, uncertain symbol or Punic letter before.

Struck between the end of the Third Sicilian War (315–307 B.C.) and the beginning of the First Punic War (264-241 B.C.), and roughly during the time of the Pyrrhic War (280–275 B.C.).
Stkp
GRK_Siculo-Punic_SNG_Cop_96-97_#2.JPG
Zeugitania/Siculo-Punic (Carthage and other mints). 11 viewsViola CNP 126, SNG Cop VIII 96-97 (=SNG Cop I 1022 ff.), SNG München 1626 ff., SNG Morcom 897, Alexandropoulos/MAA 15-15a

AE unit, 3.92 g, 16.61 mm. max, 180°, struck ca. 400 – 350 B.C.

Obv: Head of Tanit left, wearing wreath of grain ears.

Rev: Horse prancing right, ground line beneath.
Stkp
ElagabalusAe26.jpg
[1007c] Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D.35 viewsElagabalus AE 26; 26.62mm, 12.7g; Nicopolis ad Istrum, 218-222 A.D. Obverse: Radiate bust of Elagabalus right; Reverse: Aequitas left; VF/aVF; portrait of superb style . Ex Ancient Imports.

On his website, Doug Smith says, "Coin style, if judged as good or bad, must be judged only on how well it reflects the spirit of the times that produced it"
(http://dougsmith.ancients.info/style.html).

I have several coins struck during the reign of Elagabalus (not all are shown), and this bronze has two distinctions: it is the least expensive, and it is my favorite. In this portrait, I think that the die cutter captured in his compositon of Elagabalus's face a glimpse of self-awareness, a reflection of the insecurity of being a teenage emperor.


De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

ELAGABULUS (218-222 A.D.)

Michael L. Meckler
Ohio State University

Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, the "last of the Antonines," is better known to history as Elagabalus, the name of the sun-god of the Syrian city of Emesa. Elagabalus, the emperor, was a high-priest of this deity, and his active promotion of the god was among several actions that made him an object of scorn and ridicule among the Roman aristocracy. As a youth, living in Emesa with his mother in the household of his grandmother, Julia Maesa, he began to perform in the hereditary family role of high-priest at the temple of the god Elagabalus. Leading Syrian families used their teenager's public displays as high-priest to channel soldiers' discontent with the emperor Macrinus into sedition. Elagabalus's promotion of the cult of the Emesene sun-god was certainly ridiculed by contemporary observers, but this cult was popular among soldiers and would remain so. Moreover, the cult continued to be promoted by later emperors of non-Syrian ethnicity, notably Constantine the Great, calling the god The Unconquered Sun (Sol Invictus).

Much has been made by many historians concerning Elagabalus’ behavior. His three marriages, two to the same Vestal virgin, produced no heir and received considerable contemporary derision. The paramours of his homosexual infatuations, the topics of notorious rumors, became skoffed-at administrative appointees whose favor insulted the aristocracy. His bizarre habit of carrying a large stone while walking backwards through the streets of the capital was considered possible insanity. If there is any understanding of “Elagabalus’ rock,” it rests with the knowledge that both Elagabalus, the sun-god of the Syrian city of Emesa and the source of the emperor’s adopted name, and the Carthgenian goddess Tanit possessed, as was common in Semitic religions, a large stone that was the focus of worship. Elagabalus (the emperor) brought these stones together in a ritualistic “marriage of the gods.” The Elagabalus (god of Emesa) stone was a focus of devotion for Elagabalus the Emperor.

The beginning of the 222 found the emperor ever more closed in. Elagabalus increasingly refused to have contact with his advisors. Government was approaching gridlock as officials were unable to figure out who had authority. A failed attempt by Elagabalus to persuade soldiers to kill his cousin, Marcus Julius Gessius Alexianus (the future emperor Severus Alexander), proved his undoing. Elagabalus and his mother were murdered the evening of 11 March 222. Their bodies were dumped into the Tiber and their memories condemned. Marcus Julius Gessius Alexianus was proclaimed emperor but did not take the name Antoninus, connected as it was with the failed reign of his predecessor.

Scholars have often viewed the failure of Elagabalus' reign as a clash of cultures between "Eastern" (Syrian) and "Western" (Roman), but this dichotomy is not very useful. The criticisms of the emperor's effeminacy and sexual behavior mirror those made of earlier emperors (such as Nero) and do not need to be explained through ethnic stereotypes. Elagabalus is best understood as a teenager who was raised near the luxury of the imperial court and who then suffered a drastic change of fortune brought about by the sudden deaths -- probably within one year -- of his father, his grandfather and his cousin, the emperor Caracalla. Thrust upon the throne, Elagabalus lacked the required discipline. For a while, Romans may well have been amused by his "Merrie Monarch" behavior, but he ended up offending those he needed to inspire. His reign tragically demonstrated the difficulties of having a teenage emperor.

Copyright (C) 1997, Michael L. Meckler.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsCleisthenes
ElagabalusPanoramaNewLens1.jpg
[1007d] Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D. 21 viewsThis is the same coin as 1007c in this gallery. This is my photo using a Micro-Nikkor 55mm f/2.8 lens set on f/4 for 1 second. Neither the obverse nor the reverse images were "touched-up" after their shots. Click on photo to enlarge.

J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

Elagabalus AE 26; 26.62mm, 12.7g; Nicopolis ad Istrum, 218-222 A.D. Obverse: Radiate bust of Elagabalus right; Reverse: Aequitas left; VF/aVF; portrait of superb style . Ex Ancient Imports.

On his website, Doug Smith says, "Coin style, if judged as good or bad, must be judged only on how well it reflects the spirit of the times that produced it"
(http://dougsmith.ancients.info/style.html).

I have several coins struck during the reign of Elagabalus (not all are shown), and this bronze has two distinctions: it is the least expensive, and it is my favorite. In this portrait, I think that the die cutter captured in his compositon of Elagabalus's face a glimpse of self-awareness, a reflection of the insecurity of being a teenage emperor.


De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

ELAGABULUS (218-222 A.D.)

Michael L. Meckler
Ohio State University

Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, the "last of the Antonines," is better known to history as Elagabalus, the name of the sun-god of the Syrian city of Emesa. Elagabalus, the emperor, was a high-priest of this deity, and his active promotion of the god was among several actions that made him an object of scorn and ridicule among the Roman aristocracy. As a youth, living in Emesa with his mother in the household of his grandmother, Julia Maesa, he began to perform in the hereditary family role of high-priest at the temple of the god Elagabalus. Leading Syrian families used their teenager's public displays as high-priest to channel soldiers' discontent with the emperor Macrinus into sedition. Elagabalus's promotion of the cult of the Emesene sun-god was certainly ridiculed by contemporary observers, but this cult was popular among soldiers and would remain so. Moreover, the cult continued to be promoted by later emperors of non-Syrian ethnicity, notably Constantine the Great, calling the god The Unconquered Sun (Sol Invictus).

Much has been made by many historians concerning Elagabalus’ behavior. His three marriages, two to the same Vestal virgin, produced no heir and received considerable contemporary derision. The paramours of his homosexual infatuations, the topics of notorious rumors, became skoffed-at administrative appointees whose favor insulted the aristocracy. His bizarre habit of carrying a large stone while walking backwards through the streets of the capital was considered possible insanity. If there is any understanding of “Elagabalus’ rock,” it rests with the knowledge that both Elagabalus, the sun-god of the Syrian city of Emesa and the source of the emperor’s adopted name, and the Carthgenian goddess Tanit possessed, as was common in Semitic religions, a large stone that was the focus of worship. Elagabalus (the emperor) brought these stones together in a ritualistic “marriage of the gods.” The Elagabalus (god of Emesa) stone was a focus of devotion for Elagabalus the Emperor.

The beginning of the 222 found the emperor ever more closed in. Elagabalus increasingly refused to have contact with his advisors. Government was approaching gridlock as officials were unable to figure out who had authority. A failed attempt by Elagabalus to persuade soldiers to kill his cousin, Marcus Julius Gessius Alexianus (the future emperor Severus Alexander), proved his undoing. Elagabalus and his mother were murdered the evening of 11 March 222. Their bodies were dumped into the Tiber and their memories condemned. Marcus Julius Gessius Alexianus was proclaimed emperor but did not take the name Antoninus, connected as it was with the failed reign of his predecessor.

Scholars have often viewed the failure of Elagabalus' reign as a clash of cultures between "Eastern" (Syrian) and "Western" (Roman), but this dichotomy is not very useful. The criticisms of the emperor's effeminacy and sexual behavior mirror those made of earlier emperors (such as Nero) and do not need to be explained through ethnic stereotypes. Elagabalus is best understood as a teenager who was raised near the luxury of the imperial court and who then suffered a drastic change of fortune brought about by the sudden deaths -- probably within one year -- of his father, his grandfather and his cousin, the emperor Caracalla. Thrust upon the throne, Elagabalus lacked the required discipline. For a while, Romans may well have been amused by his "Merrie Monarch" behavior, but he ended up offending those he needed to inspire. His reign tragically demonstrated the difficulties of having a teenage emperor.

Copyright (C) 1997, Michael L. Meckler.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
ElagabAntioch.jpg
[1007e] Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D. (Antioch)33 viewsElagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Antioch, Syria. Bronze AE 20, SGI 3098, BMC 449, F, Antioch, 5.11g, 19.7mm, 180o. Obverse: IMP C M AVR ANTONINVS AVG, laureate head right; Reverse: large DE, star below, all in wreath. Ex FORVM.


De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

ELAGABALUS (218-222 A.D.)

Michael L. Meckler
Ohio State University

Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, the "last of the Antonines," is better known to history as Elagabalus, the name of the sun-god of the Syrian city of Emesa. Elagabalus, the emperor, was a high-priest of this deity, and his active promotion of the god was among several actions that made him an object of scorn and ridicule among the Roman aristocracy. As a youth, living in Emesa with his mother in the household of his grandmother, Julia Maesa, he began to perform in the hereditary family role of high-priest at the temple of the god Elagabalus. Leading Syrian families used their teenager's public displays as high-priest to channel soldiers' discontent with the emperor Macrinus into sedition. Elagabalus's promotion of the cult of the Emesene sun-god was certainly ridiculed by contemporary observers, but this cult was popular among soldiers and would remain so. Moreover, the cult continued to be promoted by later emperors of non-Syrian ethnicity, notably Constantine the Great, calling the god The Unconquered Sun (Sol Invictus).

Much has been made by many historians concerning Elagabalus’ behavior. His three marriages, two to the same Vestal virgin, produced no heir and received considerable contemporary derision. The paramours of his homosexual infatuations, the topics of notorious rumors, became skoffed-at administrative appointees whose favor insulted the aristocracy. His bizarre habit of carrying a large stone while walking backwards through the streets of the capital was considered possible insanity. If there is any understanding of “Elagabalus’ rock,” it rests with the knowledge that both Elagabalus, the sun-god of the Syrian city of Emesa and the source of the emperor’s adopted name, and the Carthgenian goddess Tanit possessed, as was common in Semitic religions, a large stone that was the focus of worship. Elagabalus (the emperor) brought these stones together in a ritualistic “marriage of the gods.” The Elagabalus (god of Emesa) stone was a focus of devotion for Elagabalus the Emperor.

The beginning of the 222 found the emperor ever more closed in. Elagabalus increasingly refused to have contact with his advisors. Government was approaching gridlock as officials were unable to figure out who had authority. A failed attempt by Elagabalus to persuade soldiers to kill his cousin, Marcus Julius Gessius Alexianus (the future emperor Severus Alexander), proved his undoing. Elagabalus and his mother were murdered the evening of 11 March 222. Their bodies were dumped into the Tiber and their memories condemned. Marcus Julius Gessius Alexianus was proclaimed emperor but did not take the name Antoninus, connected as it was with the failed reign of his predecessor.

Scholars have often viewed the failure of Elagabalus' reign as a clash of cultures between "Eastern" (Syrian) and "Western" (Roman), but this dichotomy is not very useful. The criticisms of the emperor's effeminacy and sexual behavior mirror those made of earlier emperors (such as Nero) and do not need to be explained through ethnic stereotypes. Elagabalus is best understood as a teenager who was raised near the luxury of the imperial court and who then suffered a drastic change of fortune brought about by the sudden deaths -- probably within one year -- of his father, his grandfather and his cousin, the emperor Caracalla. Thrust upon the throne, Elagabalus lacked the required discipline. For a while, Romans may well have been amused by his "Merrie Monarch" behavior, but he ended up offending those he needed to inspire. His reign tragically demonstrated the difficulties of having a teenage emperor.

Copyright (C) 1997, Michael L. Meckler.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr
Cleisthenes
   
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