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Search results - "Syracuse"
Hieron_II_Sicily_Syracuse.jpg
32 viewsSicily, Syracuse, Hieron II. 287-278BC. AE20mm. Obv. Head of Persephone left, with Wreath of grain ears. Rev.Bull butting left with dolphins above and below. Reference: Calciati II pg. 341, 190
Lee S
IMG_1678.JPG
27 viewsHiketas II, Sicily, Syracuse Mint 287-278 BC. AE20mm . Obv. Laureate head of Zeus Hellanios left. Rev. Eagle standing left on thunderbolt. Lee S
sbvc1612,19_15mm2_76g.jpg
Nicephorus I w/Stauracius AE follis17 viewsObverse: Bust of Nicephorus facing, with short beard, wearing crown and
loros, and holding cross potent; to l., N; to r., I/K/H.
Reverse: Facing bust of Stauracius, beardless, wearing crown and chlamys,
and holding globe cross; to l., C; to r., T/A/V
Mint: Syracuse
Date: 803-811 CE
20mm/15mm; 2.76g
SBVC 1612;DOC 11
wileyc
sbvc1612_20_15mm_2_53g.jpg
Nicephorus I w/Stauracius AE follis9 viewsObverse: Bust of Nicephorus facing, with short beard, wearing crown and
loros, and holding cross potent; to l., N; to r., I/K/H.
Reverse: Facing bust of Stauracius, beardless, wearing crown and chlamys,
and holding globe cross; to l., C; to r., T/A/V
Mint: Syracuse
Date: 803-811 CE
19mm/15mm; 2.53g
SBVC 1612;DOC 11
wileyc
HieronII.jpg
Hieron II155 viewsHead of Poseidon left

ΙΕΡΩ-ΝΟΣ
ornamented trident, dolphins at sides

Bronze AE 20
6.96g, 20mm

Syracuse Sicily mint
270-215 BC

SNG Cop 856, SGCV I 1223?

Ex-ANE

Hieron II was tyrant and then king of Syracuse, c. 270 to 215 B.C. His rule brought 50 years of peace and prosperity, and Syracuse became one of the most renowned capitals of antiquity. He enlarged the theater and built an immense altar. The literary figure Theocritus and the philosopher Archimedes lived under his rule. After struggling against the Mamertini, he eventually allied with Rome.
1 commentsJay GT4
Sicily_Gallery_h.jpg
Sicily25 viewsGreek colonies dotted the island of Sicily from about the mid-8th C. BC onward, sometimes conflicting with the native tribes (Sikels to the east, Sikanians in central Sicily, and Elymians to the west) and several Phoenician colonies. The largest issuance of coinage by the city-states often came amidst conflict among themselves and later arrivals, the Carthaginians and Romans. While Greek coin types and denominations predominated, the local litra and its fractions of onkiai survived down to the Roman conquest in 212 BC, when local striking withered. Major mints include Akragas, Gela, Himera, Kamarina, Katane, Leontini, Messene, Naxos, Segesta, Selinos, Syracuse, and the siculo-punic mints of Entella and Lilybaion.
3 commentsAnaximander
leo_v.jpg
(0813) LEO V (The Armenian)76 views813-820 AD
AE Follis 17 mm X 20 mm 3.01 g
O: Facing bust of Leo with a short beard, wearing a crown and loros and holding cross potent
R: Facing bust of Constantine, beardless, wearing crown and chlamys and holding globus cruciger.
Syracuse mint, Sear Byzantine 1636



2 commentslaney
102.JPG
(582-602) Maurice Tibere [Sear 583, Syracuse]10 viewsMaurice Tiberius (582-602). Ć 10 Nummi (15mm, 2.66g, 6h). Syracuse, 591-597. Helmeted and cuirassed facing bust, holding globus cruciger. R/ Large X; SE CI LI A around. MIBE 140; DOC 281; Sear 583 (Ex LAC)Ségusiaves
049.JPG
(829-842) THEOPHILE [Sear 1681]11 viewsTheophilus (829-842). Ć 10 Nummi (19mm, 3.63g, 6h). Syracuse, 830-842. Crowned facing bust, wearing chlamys and holding globus cruciger. R/ Large M; X/X/X and N/N/N on either side; cross above; Θ below. DOC 30.9; Sear 1681. (Ex LAC)Ségusiaves
KnidosARdrachm.jpg
020a, CARIA, Knidos. Circa 465-449 BC. AR Drachm.63 viewsCARIA, Knidos. Circa 465-449 BC. AR Drachm - 16mm (6.06 g). Obverse: forepart of roaring lion right; Reverse: archaic head of Aphrodite right, hair bound with taenia. Cahn 80 (V38/R53); SNG Helsinki 132 (same dies); SNG Copenhagen 232 (same dies). Toned, near VF, good metal. Ex Barry P. Murphy.

While this coin falls within the time frame that numismatists call "Classical" Greek coinage, I have chosen to place it in both the "Archaic" (coin 020a) and "Classical" Greek sections of my collection. This specimen is one of those wonderful examples of transition--it incorporates many elements of the "Archaic" era, although it is struck during the "Classical" Greek period and anticipates characteristics of the later period.

As noted art historian Patricia Lawrence has pointed out, "[this specimen portrays] A noble-headed lion, a lovely Late Archaic Aphrodite, and [is made from]. . . beautiful metal." The Archaic Aphrodite is reminiscent of certain portraits of Arethusa found on tetradrachms produced in Syracuse in the first decade of the 5th century BC.

Knidos was a city of high antiquity and as a Hellenic city probably of Lacedaemonian colonization. Along with Halicarnassus (present day Bodrum, Turkey) and Kos, and the Rhodian cities of Lindos, Kamiros and Ialyssos it formed the Dorian Hexapolis, which held its confederate assemblies on the Triopian headland, and there celebrated games in honour of Apollo, Poseidon and the nymphs.

The city was at first governed by an oligarchic senate, composed of sixty members, and presided over by a magistrate; but, though it is proved by inscriptions that the old names continued to a very late period, the constitution underwent a popular transformation. The situation of the city was favourable for commerce, and the Knidians acquired considerable wealth, and were able to colonize the island of Lipara, and founded a city on Corcyra Nigra in the Adriatic. They ultimately submitted to Cyrus, and from the battle of Eurymedon to the latter part of the Peloponnesian War they were subject to Athens.

In their expansion into the region, the Romans easily obtained the allegiance of Knidians, and rewarded them for help given against Antiochus by leaving them the freedom of their city.

During the Byzantine period there must still have been a considerable population: for the ruins contain a large number of buildings belonging to the Byzantine style, and Christian sepulchres are common in the neighbourhood.

Eudoxus, the astronomer, Ctesias, the writer on Persian history, and Sostratus, the builder of the celebrated Pharos at Alexandria, are the most remarkable of the Knidians mentioned in history.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cnidus

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsCleisthenes
IMG_0087.JPG
1. Hieron II - Syracuse81 views274 - 216 BC
Syracuse
Hieron II was an officer in the Syracuse army who rose to the rank of General. He served as king of the city-state until age 92.
2 commentsZam
IMG_0089.JPG
1.1 Hieron II - Syracuse82 views274 - 216 BC
Syracuse

Posiedon's trident with dolphins

IEPON below trident
Zam
Sear_1296.jpg
18. Justinian II13 viewsJustinian II
First reign, 685-695 AD.
AE Follis. Syracuse mint.

O: no legend, crowned bust facing wearing chlamys, holding akakia in left hand and cross on globe in right hand; upright palm branch to left

R: Large M, TNA-like monogram above (Sear type 38); mintmark SCL.

SB 1296, DOC 55.

Not pretty, but rare.

Thanks to FORVM member Obryzum for helping to ID!
Sosius
Caligula_Drusilla_AE20.jpg
1ao3 Julia Drusilla33 viewsAE 20 of Smyrna (Izmir, Turkey)
Laureate head of Caligula, right, ΓAION KAICAPA EΠI AOYIOΛA
Drusilla as Persephone seated left, poppies between two stalks of grain in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, ∆POYCIΛΛAN ZMYPNAIΩN MHNOΦANHC

Caligula’s sister

Klose XXVIII, 27 (Vs4/Rs10); RPC I 2472; SNG Cop 1343; SNGvA 2202; BMC Ionia p. 269, 272

According to Suetonius’ salacious account: Germanicus had married Agrippina the Elder, daughter of Marcus Agrippa and Julia the Elder, and she had borne him nine children. Two died in infancy, another in early childhood. . . .

The other children survived their father: three girls, Agrippina the Younger, Drusilla and Livilla, born in successive years; and three boys, Nero, Drusus, and Gaius Caesar (Caligula). . . . [Caligula] habitually committed incest with each of his three sisters, seating them in turn below him at large banquets while his wife reclined above. It is believed that he violated Drusilla’s virginity while a minor, and been caught in bed with her by his grandmother Antonia, in whose household they were jointly raised. Later, when Drusilla was married to Lucius Cassius Longinus, an ex-consul, he took her from him and openly treated her as his lawful married wife. When he fell ill he made her heir to his estate and the throne.

When Drusilla died (in 38AD) he declared a period of public mourning during which it was a capital offense to laugh, or bathe, or to dine with parents, spouse or children. Caligula himself was so overcome with grief that he fled the City in the middle of the night, and travelled through Campania, and on to Syracuse, returning again with the same degree of haste, and without cutting his hair or shaving. From that time forwards whenever he took an important oath, even in public or in front of the army, he always swore by Drusilla’s divinity.
Blindado
Phillippicus_SB1460A.jpg
21. Philippicus, 711-713 AD27 viewsPhilippicus
711-713 AD.
AE Follis. Syracuse.

O: illegible legend, emperor standing facing, helmeted wearing military dress (resembling loros), holding cross on globe in l. hand and long eagle-tipped sceptre in r. hand

R: Large M, star to left, PFK above, star to right; mintmark SCL.

SB 1460A, MIB 24, SB 1460A

VF+, Very Rare

Found in lot of Byzantine culls bought on ebay in 2009!
1 commentsSosius
Sear_1569.jpg
26. Constantine V and Leo IV9 viewsConstantine V and Leo IV.
751-775 AD.
AE Follis. Syracuse mint.

O: K-LEWN to right and left of Constantine V, bearded on left, and Leo IV, beardless on right, standing facing (usually three-quarter length), each wearing crown and chlamys and holding akakia in arm across their chests; cross between their heads

R: LEON-DECP downwards to left and right, Leo III, bearded, half-length, standing facing, wearing crown and chlamys and holding cross potent.

SB 1569, DOC 19.

Thanks to FORVM member joma-tk for helping to ID.
Sosius
image~2.jpg
34. Theophilus 49 viewsTheophilus. 829-842.
AV Semissis (12mm, 1.91 g, 5h). Syracuse mint.
Struck 829-circa 830.
Crowned facing bust, wearing loros and holding globus cruciger / Crowned and draped facing bust holding globus cruciger.
DOC 19; Anastasi 544; SB 1676. Near EF.
From the Sasha Collection.
Ex-CNG
2 commentsSosius
Syracuse.jpg
405-367 BC - Dionysis I - Syracuse, Sicily - Calciati 62 - AE Drachm81 viewsKing: Dionysios I
Date: 405-367 BC
Denomination: AE Drachm
Condition: Fair

Obverse: Head of Athena left, wearing Corinthian helmet.

Reverse: Two dolphins around starfish.

Sicily, Syracuse
Calciati 62
28.73g; 33.4mm; 0°
Pep
Syracuse,_Sicily,_c__425_-_415_B_C_.JPG
425 - 415 B.C. Bronze onkia, Calciati 933 viewsSyracuse, Sicily, c. 425 - 415 B.C. Bronze onkia, Calciati 9, VF, 2.252g, 14.6mm, 0°, obverse female head right; reverse octopus. ex FORVM & areich, photo credit areichPodiceps
syracuse_octopus.jpg
425 - 415 B.C. Bronze onkia, Calciati 916 viewsSyracuse, Sicily, c. 425 - 415 B.C. Bronze onkia, Calciati II p. 28, 9, aVF, 3.757g, 17.1mm, obverse female head right; reverse, octopus. Ex FORVMPodiceps
486_P_Hadrian_Emmett960_2.jpg
5018A EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Drachm 117-18 AD Hadrian in quadriga45 viewsReference.
Emmett 960.2; RPC III, 5018A Köln 757; Dattari (Savio) 1585 var. (obv. legend); K&G 32.50
BMC 864 specimen has ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΙΑΝΟС (sic) ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС as obverse legend.

Issue L B = year 2

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑIΝΟС (sic) ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС
Laureate bust right No Beard, slight drapery

Rev. L B (date ry 2)
Emperor (Hadrian) standing in quadriga, right, laureate-headed, wearing toga, holding eagle-tipped sceptre and branch.

21.80 gr
34 mm
12 h

From the Syracuse Collection.

Note CNG.
Hadrian’s portraits on his early coins in Alexandria more closely resemble Trajan, as the engravers in the provinces waited for an official Imperial model or bust to be sent out. In this case, by Hadrian’s regnal year 2, the engravers might have had access to or knowledge of what Hadrian looked like, as the portrait on the present coin is beginning to morph into a more accurate representation of Hadrian’s Imperial image.
1 commentsokidoki
741-775 Constantin V Copro S1569.jpg
741-775 Constantine V Copronymos - follis from Syracuse23 viewsBusts of Constantine V and Leo IV facing, to the left K, to he right ΛEON
[ΛEON] / ΔEC[Π] , bust of Leo III facing, holding cross potent.

Sear 1569
Ginolerhino
syracuse.jpg
AE 20, Serapis/ Isis standing left holding sistrum and scepter 16 viewsSyracuse, Sicily. C. 215-214 B.C. 20mm, 8.0g. Obverse: Head of Serapis right. Reverse: Isis standing left holding sistrum and scepter. SNG Cop 904. Ex David LiebertPodiceps
athna.jpg
AE Drachm of Syracuse Time of Dionysus I, ca 400 BC32 viewsObverse: Head of Athena facing left wearing a Corinthian helmet with an olive wreath on the bowl, inscription S Y R A
Reverse: 8-pointed Seastar between two dolphins
Calciati 62 (ref. Wildwinds) 28 mm. 34 grams

The coin has some damaged spots but overall shows the Greek love of beautiful forms. My Christmas present to myself this year.
1 commentsdaverino
sb_1110b.jpg
AE follis Constans II SB 111012 viewsObverse: Constans on l., with long beard holds long cross, Constantine IV on r., beardless , stg. facing, each wearing crown; Constans wears military attire, hid son wears chlamys and holds gl.cr.
Reverse: Large M, above monogram 35; in ex. SCL; to l. Heraclius beardless, stg. facing, wearing crown and chlamys, and holding gl, cr.; similar figure of Tiberius.
Mint: Syracuse
Date: 659-668
Sear 1110
15/19mm 1.82
wileyc
sb_1110a.jpg
AE follis Constans II SB 111018 viewsObverse: Constans on l., with long beard holds long cross, Constantine IV on r., beardless , stg. facing, each wearing crown; Constans wears military attire, hid son wears chlamys and holds gl.cr.
Reverse: Large M, above monogram 35; in ex. SCL; to l. Heraclius beardless, stg. facing, wearing crown and chlamys, and holding gl, cr.; similar figure of Tiberius.
Mint: Syracuse
Date: 659-668
Sear 1110
19mm 1.82
wileyc
sb_1569.jpg
AE follis Constantine V SB 1569 13 viewsObverse: Constantine V, bearded on l., and Leo IV beardless on r. stg facing each wearing crown and chlamys and holding akakia, between heads a cross
Reverse: Leo III bearded standing wearing crown and loros and holding crown and chlamys and holding cross potent to left.
Mint: Syracuse
Date: 741-775 CE
SB 1569 DO 19
15/20 mm 2.32gm
wileyc
sbvc1569_16mm2_06g.jpg
AE follis Constantine V SB 1569 4 viewsObverse: Constantine V, bearded on l., and Leo IV beardless on r. stg facing each wearing crown and chlamys and holding akakia, between heads a cross
Reverse: Leo III bearded standing wearing crown and loros and holding crown and chlamys and holding cross potent to left.
Mint: Syracuse
Date: 741-775 CE
SB 1569 DO 19
16 mm 2.06gm
wileyc
sbvc1569_17mm,2_91g.jpg
AE follis Constantine V SB 1569 6 viewsObverse: Constantine V, bearded on l., and Leo IV beardless on r. stg facing each wearing crown and chlamys and holding akakia, between heads a cross
Reverse: Leo III bearded standing wearing crown and loros and holding crown and chlamys and holding cross potent to left.
Mint: Syracuse
Date: 741-775 CE
SB 1569 DO 19
17mm 2.91gm
wileyc
sbvc156916_13mm1_64g.jpg
AE follis Constantine V SB 1569 9 viewsObverse: Constantine V, bearded on l., and Leo IV beardless on r. stg facing each wearing crown and chlamys and holding akakia, between heads a cross
Reverse: Leo III bearded standing wearing crown and loros and holding crown and chlamys and holding cross potent to left.
Mint: Syracuse
Date: 741-775 CE
SB 1569 DO 19
13 mm 1.64gm
wileyc
sb_1636.jpg
AE follis Leo V SB 163610 viewsObverse: Facing bust of Leo, with short beard, wearing crown and loros, and holding cross potent.
Reverse: KONCT, facing bust of Constantine, beardless, wearing crown and chlamys and holding gl. cr., on either side of head., C_I
Mint: Syracuse
Date:813-820 CE
SB 1636 DO 17
17mm 2.45gm
wileyc
sb_1652.jpg
AE follis Michael II SB 165227 viewsMIXAHL S OEOE or similar, Facing busts of Michael and Theophilus.
Reverse: Large M, cross above Theta below
Mint: Syracuse
Date: 820-829 CE
Sear 1652
19mm 2.94 gm
wileyc
DSCN5866A.jpg
Agathocles, Syracuse Sicily 304-289 B.C. AE15mm17 viewsAgathocles, Syracuse Sicily 304-289 B.C.
Obv. Wreathed head of Persephone left, wearing wreath of grain ears.
Rev. Bull butting to left; club and O above; ? in exergue
Lee S
syracuse_agathocles.jpg
Agathocles; AE 21; Head of Kore right/ Nike driving biga right7 viewsSICILY, Syracuse. Agathokles. Circa 317-289 B.C. Bronze AE 21, Calciati II pp. 255-7, 122; cf. BMC Sicily p. 201, 441 (monogram off flan on our coin), F, corrosion and encrustation, Syracuse mint, weight 8.126g, maximum diameter 23.5mm, die axis 90o, 287 - 278 B.C.; obverse ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΩΝ, head of Kore right, wreathed in grain; reverse Nike driving biga right, whip in right, reigns in left, star above, monogram upper left. Ex FORVMPodiceps
agathokles.jpg
agathokles64 viewsAgathokles, Syracuse, 317-289 BC, Bronze.
Obverse- SWTEIRA, head of Artemis right, wearing triple-pendant earring and necklace, quiver over shoulder.
Reverse- AGAQOKLEOS above, ASILEOS below; winged thunderbolt.
23mm, 10.2 grams.
3 commentsb70
Syracuse1.jpg
Agathokles13 viewsSicily, Syracuse. Agathokles. (317-289 BC). 20mm, 6g. Head of Kore left, wreath with grain-ears / Bull butting left; astralagos above. VF; Calciati II 102. 722568; SNG ANS 604Neal A
Agathokles_Lion_2b.jpg
Agathokles * Lion and Club, Period II - 317-289 BC. Æ 22123 views
Agathokles * Lion and Club, Period II * Ć 22.

Obv: Portrait head of Agathokles, hair bound with tainia, right-facing.
Rev: Male lion running right, olive branch club above.

Exergue: Γ (or ligate Γ and T)

Mint: Syracuse
Struck: 310-304 BC.

Size: 22.64 x 20.93 mm.
Weight: 8.21 grams
Die axis: Near 180°

Condition: Beautiful coin, much nicer than photo. Exquisite olive-gold patina. Well-centered and moderately forceful strike. Although the dealer addressed an "area of weak strike" on the reverse, I don't see it, unless it be the area of the exergue, though this looks more like wear to me. In all, a truly lovely coin.

Refs:*
Calciati II, S. 291, Em. 151.

Most descriptions I've seen of this coin-type, identify the obverse head as (the juvenile) Herakles. I stick with my conventional sensibilities, unable to see this beardless and 'realistic' portrait as such, but rather regard it as depicting Agathokles himself.

Ex-Harlan J. Berk.
1 commentsTiathena
salama-.jpg
Agathokles, Æ 21; Artemis / thunderbolt15 viewsSicily, Syracuse. Agathokles, 317-289 B.C., 21 mm, 7.25 g.
Obverse: draped bust of Artemis Soteira right, quiver over shoulder. Reverse: AGATHOKLEOS BASILEOS; thunderbolt, ex areich

Podiceps
Agathokles.jpg
Agathokles, SNG ANS 708, 295 BC, Sicily, Syracuse13 viewsHead of Artemis right, in triple-pendant earring & necklace, quiver over shoulder. Winged thunderbolt

Remnants of SWTEIRA on front.
AGAQOKLEOS BASILEOS
Saving/Savior Artemis
of King Agathokles
Jonathan N
Athen_owl_Tetradrachm_.jpg
Athena and her owl 182 viewsIn Greek mythology, a Little Owl baby (Athene noctua) traditionally represents or accompanies Athena, the virgin goddess of wisdom, or Minerva, her syncretic incarnation in Roman mythology. Because of such association, the bird often referred to as the "owl of Athena" or the "owl of Minerva" has been used as a symbol of knowledge, wisdom, perspicacity and erudition throughout the Western world.
The reasons behind the association of Athena and the owl are lost in time. Some mythographers, such as David Kinsley and Martin P. Nilsson suggest that she may descend from a Minoan palace goddess associated with birds and Marija Gimbutas claim to trace Athena's origins as an Old European bird and snake goddess.
On the other hand, Cynthia Berger theorizes about the appeal of some characteristics of owls such as their ability to see in the dark to be used as symbol of wisdom while others, such as William Geoffrey Arnott, propose a simple association between founding myths of Athens and the significant number of Little Owls in the region (a fact noted since antiquity by Aristophanes in The Birds and Lysistrata).
In any case, the city of Athens seems to have adopted the owl as proof of allegiance to its patron virgin goddess, which according to a popular etiological myth reproduced on the West pediment of the Parthenon, secured the favor of its citizens by providing them with a more enticing gift than Poséidon.
Owls were commonly reproduced by Athenians in vases, weights and prize amphoras for the Panathenaic Games. The owl of Athena even became the common obverse of the Athenian tetradrachms after 510 BC and according to Philochorus, the Athenian tetradrachm was known as glaux throughout the ancient world and "owl" in present day numismatics. They were not, however, used exclusively by them to represent Athena and were even used for motivation during battles by other Greek cities, such as in the victory of Agathocles of Syracuse over the Carthaginians in 310 B.C. in which owls flying through the ranks were interpreted as Athena’s blessing or in the Battle of Salamis, chronicled in Plutarch's biography of Themistocles.
(Source: Wikipédia)
moneta romana
B_014_Constans_II_(641-668_AD)_AE-Follis_No-legend_Constans-II_and_Constantine-IV_M-l_Heraclius-r_Tiberius_TKw-mon_SCL_Syracuse_SB-1110_DOC-181_Q-002_h_20-24mm_g-s.jpg
B 014 Constans II. (641-668 A.D.), SB 1110, Syracuse, -/-//SCL, AE-24-Follis (40 Nummia), #1112 viewsB 014 Constans II. (641-668 A.D.), SB 1110, Syracuse, -/-//SCL, AE-24-Follis (40 Nummia), #1
avers: - No legend, Constans with long beard, on left, left hand on hip, crowned and in military dress, holding long cross, and Constantine IV, unbearded and crowned, on right, holding cross on globe.
revers: - Large M, Heraclius, crowned, wearing chlamys, standing on left, holding cross on globe, TKw monogram above, Tiberius, crowned, wearing chlamys, standing on right, holding cross on globe.
exerg: -/-//SCL, diameter: 20-24mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Syracuse, date: , ref: SB 1110, DOC 181.
Q-001
quadrans
B_014_Constans_II_(641-668_AD)_AE-Follis_No-legend_Constans-II_and_Constantine-IV_M-l_Heraclius-r_Tiberius_TKw-mon_SCL_Syracuse_SB-1110_DOC-181_Q-001_6h_21,5-24mm_3,80g-s.jpg
B 014 Constans II. (641-668 A.D.), SB 1110, Syracuse, -/-//SCL, AE-24-Follis (40 Nummia), #2119 viewsB 014 Constans II. (641-668 A.D.), SB 1110, Syracuse, -/-//SCL, AE-24-Follis (40 Nummia), #2
avers: - No legend, Constans with long beard, on left, left hand on hip, crowned and in military dress, holding long cross, and Constantine IV, unbearded and crowned, on right, holding cross on globe.
revers: - Large M, Heraclius, crowned, wearing chlamys, standing on left, holding cross on globe, TKw monogram above, Tiberius, crowned, wearing chlamys, standing on right, holding cross on globe.
exerg: -/-//SCL, diameter: 21,5-24mm, weight: 3,80g, axes:6h,
mint: Syracuse, date: , ref: SB 1110, DOC 181.
Q-002
quadrans
Leo_V_and_Constantine__813-820__AE_Follis_18mm,_Syracuse_mint__SB-1637_DOC-18_Q-001_6h_20mm_3,10gx-s.jpg
B 031 Leo V. (the Armenian) and Constantine (813-820 A.D.), SB 1637, AE-Follis, Syracuse, 229 viewsB 031 Leo V. (the Armenian) and Constantine (813-820 A.D.), SB 1637, AE-Follis, Syracuse,
avers:- LEOn, crowned facing bust of Leo, wearing loros, holding cross potent; Λ and cross to right.
revers:- COnST Crowned facing bust of Constantine, wearing chlamys, holding cross on globe, K-cross across fields..
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 20mm, weight: 3,10g, axis: 6h,
mint: Syracuse, date: A.D., ref: SB 1637, DOC 18,
Q-001
4 commentsquadrans
Baktria_Agathokles_SNG-ANS230.jpg
Baktria, Agathokles18 viewsAgathokles ca. 185-170 BC AR Tetradrachm (15.96 gm) of Pushkalavati mint Diademed and draped bust of Agathokles r. / ΒΑΣΙΛEYONTOΣ / ΑΓΑΘΟΚΛΕΟYΣ, Zeus stdg facing, holding scepter & Hekate, who holds two torches; monogram in l. field. VF. From the Syracuse Collection of Ancient Coins. July 2011 CG #918. SNG ANS 9 #230; Bopearachchi-1D; HGC 12 #81.Christian T
Baktria_EuthydemosII_SNGANS224.jpg
Baktria, Euthydemos II11 viewsBaktria, Euthydemos II. c.185-180 BC. NI Double Unit (8.10 gm). Laureate head of Apollo r. / Tripod; monogram. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΕΥΘΥΔΕΜΟΥ. gVF. From the Syracuse Collection of Ancient Coins; ex Berk 126 (April 2002) #121; CG #921; SNG ANS 9 #224; Bop. 170 Serie 6B; HGC 12 #77.Christian T
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Bronze coin of Syracuse15 viewsA Syracuse bronze coin minted between 288-279 BC. 22.1mm, 6.5g.

Obverse: DIOS ELLANIOU, laureate head of young Zeus Hellanios right; undertype (Hercules?) bust right, profile facing 12:00 visible at the top of Zeus' head

Reverse: SURAKOSIWN, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings open, star or monogram in left field

Attribution: Calciati II p. 315, 171
chuy1530
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Bruttium, Kroton (Circa 530-500 BC)29 viewsAR Nomos

28 mm, 7.82 g

Obverse: Tripod, legs surmounted by wreaths and terminating in lion's feet, two serpents rising from the bowl, set on basis of three lines, the center dotted, koppa-P-O (KRO - short for Kroton) to left

Reverse: Incuse tripod as obverse, but wreaths and serpents in outline.

HN Italy 2075; SNG ANS 231; Bement 272.

The importance of the Delphic oracle to the founding of Kroton was celebrated on its coinage from the earliest days. Despite later myths ascribing the founding of Kroton to Herakles, the city's historical oikist is recorded as Myskellos of Rhypai who, on consulting the Delphic oracle about his lack of children was given the response that Apollo would grant children, but that first Myskellos should found the city of Kroton 'among fair fields'. After being given directions on how to locate the site, Myskellos travelled to southern Italy to explore the land that he had been assigned, but seeing the territory of the Sybarites and thinking it superior, he returned once more to the oracle to ask whether he would be allowed to change. The answer came back that he should accept the gifts that the god gave him. A further element of the story is that Myskellos was accompanied on his expedition by Archias of Corinth; the Delphic oracle gave the pair the choice between health and wealth. Archias elected wealth, and was assigned the site of Syracuse, while Myskellos chose health: the favourable climate of Kroton, the eminent skill of its physicians and the prowess of its athletes later earned its citizens this reputation for good health.
1 commentsNathan P
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Bruttium, Rhegion, 415-387 B.C., Drachm 26 views14mm, 3.89 grams
Reference: Sear 502; B.M.C.1.38
Lion's scalp facing.
PHΓINON, Laureate head of Apollo right, olive-sprig behind.

"Dionysios I, after concluding a peace with the Carthaginians, went about securing his power in the island of Sicily. His troops, however, rebelled against him and sought help from, among others, the city of Rhegion (Diod. Sic. 14.8.2). In the ensuing campaigns, Dionyios I proceeded to enslave the citizens of Naxos and Katane, with whom the Rhegians shared a common history and identity (Diod. Sic. 14.40.1). This association was a source of anger and fear for the inhabitants of Rhegion. The Syracusan exiles living there also encouraged the Rhegians to go to war with Syracuse (Diod. Sic. 14.40.3). The overarching strategy of Dionysios I included extending his power into Italy by using Rhegion as a stepping stone to the rest of the peninsula. In 387 BC, after a siege that lasted eleven months, the Rhegians, on the brink of starvation, surrendered to Dionysus. Indeed, we are told that by the end of the siege, a medimnos of wheat cost about five minai (Diod. Sic. 14.111.2). Strabo remarks that, following Dionysios' capture of the city, the Syracusan “destroyed the illustrious city” (Strabo 6.1.6).

The next decade or so of the history of Rhegion is unclear, but sometime during his reign, Dionysios II, who succeeded his father in 367 BC, rebuilt the city, giving it the new name of Phoibia (Strabo 6.1.6). Herzfelder argues that this issue was struck by Dionysios II of Syracuse after he rebuilt the city, and dates it to the period that Dionysios II is thought to have lived in the city. Due to civil strife at Syracuse, Dionysios II was forced to garrison Region, but was ejected from the city by two of his rivals circa 351 BC (Diod. Sic. 16.45.9).

The coin types of Rhegion, founded as a colony of Chalcis, are related to its founding mythology. Some of the earliest tetradrachms of the city, from the mid-5th century BC, depict a lion’s head on the obverse, and a seated figure on the reverse. J.P. Six (in NC 1898, pp. 281-5) identified the figure as Iokastos, the oikistes (founder) of Rhegion (Diod. Sic. 5.8.1; Callimachus fr. 202). Head (in HN), suggested Aristaios, son of Apollo. Iokastos was one of six sons of Aiolos, ruler of the Aeolian Islands. All of the sons of Aiolos secured their own realms in Italy and Sicily, with Iokastos taking the region around Rhegion. Aristaios, born in Libya, discovered the silphium plant, and was the patron of beekeepers (mentioned by Virgil), shepherds, vintners, and olive growers. He also protected Dionysos as a child, and was the lover of Eurydike. The replacement of the seated figure type with the head of Apollo circa 420 BC also suggests the figure could be Aristaios. An anecdote from the first-century BC geographer Strabo (6.1.6 and 6.1.9), which connects Rhegion’s founding to the orders of the Delphic Oracle and Apollo, as the reason for the advent of the new type could be simply serendipitous.

Different theories exist for the lion’s head on the coins of Rhegion. The lion’s head (or mask as it is sometimes described) first appeared on the coinage of Rhegion at the start of the reign of Anaxilas, in about 494 BC. E.S.G. Robinson, in his article “Rhegion, Zankle-Messana and the Samians” (JHS vol. 66, 1946) argues that the lion was a symbol of Apollo. He makes a comparison to the coinage of the nearby city of Kaulonia, “At Kaulonia Apollo’s animal was the deer; if at Rhegion it was the lion, the early appearance and persistence of that type is explained. The lion is a certain, though infrequent, associate of Apollo at all periods.” The link, he suggests, is that the lion was associated with the sun, as was Apollo himself.

The lion’s head could also relate to the exploits of Herakles, who had some significance for the city. The extant sources tell us that Herakles stopped at southern Italy near Rhegion on his return with the cattle of Geryon (Diod. Sic. 4.22.5). It was here that supposedly a bull broke away from the rest of the herd and swam to Sicily (Apollod. 2.5.10). Though but a passing reference in Apollodorus, it is very possible that the Rhegians venerated Herakles. Indeed, Herakles was a very important figure throughout the entire area. Dionysios of Halicarnassus says that “in many other places also in Italy [besides Rome] precincts are dedicated to this god [Herakles] and altars erected to him, both in cities and along highways; and one could scarcely find any place in Italy in which the god is not honoured” (I.40.6). As the skin of the Nemean Lion was one of the main attributes of Herakles, the lion’s head may refer to him through metonymic association."
1 commentsLeo
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Byzantine Empire: Constans II & Contantine IV (641-668) Nummi, Syracuse (Sear-1110)28 viewsObv: Constans, holding long cross with right hand, and Constantine IV, both crowned, standing facing
Rev: Large M; to the left, crowned figure of Heraclius standing facing, monogram above; to right, crowned figure of Tiberius standing facing; SCL in exergue

This coin has been overstruck as you can see Constans & Constantine poking their faces on the reverse edge :-D.
SpongeBob
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Byzantine Empire: Constans II (641-668) AE Follis, Syracuse (Sear-1104; DOC-II, Part 2-176)12 viewsObv: No legend, Bust of Constans II facing, beardless, wearing crown and chlamys, and holding globus cruciger
Rev: Large M, monogram above
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Byzantine Empire: Constans II (641-668) AE Follis, Syracuse (Sear-1106; DOC-II, Part 2-177b)12 viewsObv: No legend, Bust of Constans II facing, with short beard, wearing crown and chlamys, and holding globus cruciger
Rev: Large M, monogram above
SpongeBob
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Byzantine Empire: Constans II (641-668) AE Half Follis, Syracuse (Sear-1111, DOC-II, Part 2-182a)30 viewsObv: Bust facing, with close beard, wearing chlamys and crown with cross on circlet. In right hand, globus cruciger. In field right, star. Beard as row of dots.
Rev: Large Monogram, to left A N, to the right Z.
SpongeBob
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Byzantine Empire: Constans II (641-668) Ć Decanummium, Syracuse (Sear-1115; DOC 185; MIB-214)17 viewsObv: Crowned facing bust with long beard, wearing chlamys and holding globus cruciger
Rev: Large I; A/N and N/O/I across field
SpongeBob
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Byzantine Empire: Constans II (641-668) Ć Follis, Syracuse (Sear-1109; DOC 180; MIB 209; Anastasi 157)10 viewsObv: Constans, holding staff, and Constantine, standing facing
Rev: Large M; monogram above; SCL in exergue
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Byzantine Empire: Constans II (641-668) Ć Half Follis, Syracuse (Sear 1113; DOC II.183; MIB 212; Anastasi 118; Berk 699)12 viewsObv: Crowned facing bust with long beard, wearing chlamys and holding globus cruciger; cross surmounted by palm frond to right
Rev: Large Kω monogram; A/N and I across field
SpongeBob
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Byzantine Empire: Constans II (641-668) Ć Half Follis, Syracuse (Sear 1113; DOC II.183; MIB 212; Anastasi 118; Berk 699)29 viewsObv: Crowned facing bust with long beard, wearing chlamys and holding globus cruciger; cross surmounted by palm frond to right
Rev: Large Kω monogram; A/N and I across field
1 commentsQuant.Geek
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Byzantine Empire: Constantine IV Pogonatus (668-685) AE Follis, Syracuse Mint (Sear-1209; Berk-740)14 viewsObv: Constantine IV standing facing, wearing helmet and cuirass and holding spear
Rev: Large M between facing standing figures of Heraclius on left and Tiberius on right; above M, monogram; in exergue, SCL
SpongeBob
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Byzantine Empire: Constantine IV Pogonatus (668-685) Ć Follis, Syracuse (Sear-1210; DOC 63; MIB 107; Anastasi 249)11 viewsObv: Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear over shoulder and shield
Rev: Large M; monogram above; SCL in exergue
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Byzantine Empire: Constantine V (741-775) AE Follis, Syracuse Mint (Sear-1569; DOC 19)32 viewsObv: Two half-length figures facing, Constantine V, bearded to left, and Leo IV, beardless to right, each wearing crown with cross, holding in right hand akakia; between heads, cross. To left K, Λ/Є/O/N to right
Rev: Half length figure of Leo III facing, bearded, wearing chlamys and crown with cross, holding in right hand, cross potent on base; Λ/Є/O/N to left, Δ/Є/C/Π to right
1 commentsSpongeBob
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Byzantine Empire: Constantine V (741-775) AE Follis, Syracuse Mint (Sear-1569; DOC 19)30 viewsObv: Two half-length figures facing, Constantine V, bearded to left, and Leo IV, beardless to right, each wearing crown with cross, holding in right hand akakia; between heads, cross. To left K, Λ/Є/O/N to right
Rev: Half length figure of Leo III facing, bearded, wearing chlamys and crown with cross, holding in right hand, cross potent on base; Λ/Є/O/N to left, Δ/Є/C/Π to right
1 commentsSpongeBob
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Byzantine Empire: Constantine V (741-775) AE Follis, Syracuse Mint (Sear-1569; DOC 19)19 viewsObv: Two half-length figures facing, Constantine V, bearded to left, and Leo IV, beardless to right, each wearing crown with cross, holding in right hand akakia; between heads, cross. To left K, Λ/Є/O/N to right
Rev: Half length figure of Leo III facing, bearded, wearing chlamys and crown with cross, holding in right hand, cross potent on base; Λ/Є/O/N to left, Δ/Є/C/Π to right
SpongeBob
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Byzantine Empire: Constantine V Copronymus (741-775) Ć Follis, Syracuse (Sear-1568; DOC 18; Anastasi 421)18 viewsObv: Three-quarter length figure of Constantine V, bearded, facing, wearing chlamys and crown with cross, holding in right hand, akakia
Rev: Same type as obverse, but with Leo IV, beardless
SpongeBob
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Byzantine Empire: Heraclius (610-641) Ć Follis, Syracuse (Sear-884; DOC-243; Berk-610)10 viewsObv: Oval counterstamp containing facing busts of long-bearded Heraclius and short-bearded Heraclius Constantine.
Rev: Oval counterstamp containing monogram and letters SCs.

Undertype: Follis of Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine from Constantinople
SpongeBob
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Byzantine Empire: Justinian II with Tiberius (705-711) Ć Follis, Syracuse (Sear-1438; MIB-52; Anastasi-360)19 viewsObv: Justinian and Tiberius standing facing, each wearing crown and chlamys, and holding between them a long cross
Rev: Large M; monogram above, stars flanking; SCL
SpongeBob
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Byzantine Empire: Justinian II, First reign (685-695) Ć Follis, Syracuse (Sear-1295; DOC 54 MIB 65; Anastasi 272)12 viewsObv: Facing half-length bust of Justinian, holding globus cruciger and akakia
Rev: Large M; monogram above; SCL in exergue
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Byzantine Empire: Justinian II, Second Reign (705-711 CE) Ć Follis, Syracuse (Sear 1436; DOC II 20; MBBS 62)19 viewsObv: Crowned facing bust, wearing short beard and loros, holding cross potent on three steps and globus cruciger, crown topped with cross
Rev: Large M; monogram above, crosses across fields; SCL in exergue
Quant.Geek
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Byzantine Empire: Leo III the Isaurian (717-741) Ć Follis, Syracuse (Sear 1531; DOC 55; Anastasi 414)19 viewsObv: Λ/Є/O/N to left, Δ/Є/C/Π to right; Leo standing facing, wearing crown and chlamys, and holding akakia
Rev: K/Ш/N/C to left, Δ/Є/C/Π to right; Constantine standing facing, wearing crown and chlamys, and holding akakia
SpongeBob
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Byzantine Empire: Leo IV the Khazar (775-780) Ć Follis, Syracuse (Sear-1590)11 viewsObv: Crowned facing busts of Leo IV and Constantine VI, each wearing chlamys; cross in field above
Rev: Crowned facing busts of Leo III and Constantine V each wearing loros, set on horizontal bar; CIK' in exergue
SpongeBob
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Byzantine Empire: Leo V the Armenian (813-820) Ć Follis, Syracuse (Sear-1635; DOC 19a; Anastasi 497)17 viewsObv: Crowned half-length busts of Leo and Constantine facing, each wearing crown and chlamys; cross above
Rev: Large Λ K; cross above
SpongeBob
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Byzantine Empire: Leo V the Armenian (813-820) Ć Follis, Syracuse (Sear-1636; DOC 17; Berk-887)16 viewsObv: [Λ] - E/O Facing bust of Leo, with short beard, wearing crown and loros, and holding cross potent; in right field, star
Rev: [K] - ONST Facing bust of Constantine, beardless, wearing crown and chlamys, and holding globus cruciger; C - I on either side of head
SpongeBob
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Byzantine Empire: Leo V the Armenian (813-820) Ć Follis, Syracuse (Sear-1636; DOC 17; Berk-887)13 viewsObv: [Λ] - E/O Facing bust of Leo, with short beard, wearing crown and loros, and holding cross potent; in right field, star
Rev: [K] - ONST Facing bust of Constantine, beardless, wearing crown and chlamys, and holding globus cruciger; C - I on either side of head
SpongeBob
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Byzantine Empire: Leo V the Armenian (813-820) Ć Follis, Syracuse (Sear-1636; DOC 17; Berk-887)12 viewsObv: [Λ] - E/O Facing bust of Leo, with short beard, wearing crown and loros, and holding cross potent; in right field, star
Rev: [K] - ONST Facing bust of Constantine, beardless, wearing crown and chlamys, and holding globus cruciger; C - I on either side of head
SpongeBob
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Byzantine Empire: Leo V the Armenian (813-820) Ć Follis, Syracuse (Sear-1637; DOC 18; Anastasi 493)30 viewsObv: Crowned facing bust of Leo, wearing loros, holding cross potent; Λ and cross to right
Rev: Crowned facing bust of Constantine, wearing chlamys, holding globus cruciger; K to left, cross to right
SpongeBob
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Byzantine Empire: Leontius (695-698) Ć Follis, Syracuse (Sear-1344; DOC-18; Anastasi-295)36 viewsObv: Leontius standing facing, wearing crown and loros, and holding akakia and globus cruciger
Rev: Large M; monogram above; SCL below
1 commentsSpongeBob
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Byzantine Empire: Maurice Tiberius (582-602) Ć Decanummium, Syracuse Mint (Sear-583; DOC-281)26 viewsObv: Helmeted, draped, and cuirassed bust facing, holding globus cruciger
Rev: Large X; SE CI LI A in angles
SpongeBob
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Byzantine Empire: Maurice Tiberius (582-602) Ć Decanummium, Syracuse Mint (Sear-583; DOC-281)12 viewsObv: Helmeted, draped, and cuirassed bust facing, holding globus cruciger
Rev: Large X; SE CI LI A in angles
SpongeBob
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Byzantine Empire: Michael I Rhangabe (811-813) Ć Follis, Syracuse (Sear-1624; DOC-9; Anastasi-477)10 viewsObv: Crowned bearded bust of Michael facing, wearing loros and holding cross potent
Rev: Crowned beardless bust of Michael facing, wearing chlamys and holding globus cruciger
SpongeBob
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Byzantine Empire: Michael II the Amorian (820-829) Ć Follis, Syracuse (Sear-1652; DOC 21; Anastasi 513)23 viewsObv: Two busts facing, Michael on left, bearded, wearing chlamys and crown with cross, Theophilus on right, beardless, wearing loros and crown with cross
Rev: Large M; cross above, Θ below
SpongeBob
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Byzantine Empire: Michael II the Amorian (820-829) Ć Follis, Syracuse (Sear-1652; DOC 21; Anastasi 513)17 viewsObv: mIXAHL ΘEOF; Two busts facing, Michael on left, bearded, wearing chlamys and crown with cross, Theophilus on right, beardless, wearing loros and crown with cross
Rev: Large M; cross above, Θ below
Quant.Geek
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Byzantine Empire: Nicephorus I (802-811) Ć Follis, Syracuse (Sear-1612)14 viewsObv: Crowned bust of Nicephorus facing, wearing loros and holding cross potent
Rev: Crowned bust of Stauracius facing, wearing chlamys and holding cross potent
SpongeBob
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Byzantine Empire: Nicephorus I (802-811) Ć Follis, Syracuse (Sear-1613)12 viewsObv: Crowned bust of Nicephorus facing, wearing loros and holding cross potent
Rev: Crowned bust of Stauracius facing, wearing chlamys and holding cross potent
SpongeBob
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Byzantine Empire: Theophilus (829-842 CE) AV Tremissis, Syracuse (Sear 1678; DOC 27)19 viewsObv: ΘЄO-FILOS; Crowned bust of Theophilus facing, wearing chlamys, holding globus cruciger
Rev: ΘЄ-OFILOS; Crowned bust of Theophilus facing, wearing chlamys, holding globus cruciger
Quant.Geek
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Byzantine Empire: Theophilus (829-842) Ć Follis, Syracuse (Sear-1680; DOC 29c; Anastasi 555 bis)20 viewsObv: ΘΟ FILOS; Theophilus facing, bearded, wearing loros and crown with cross, holding in right hand cross potent on base
Rev: +ΙΧΗLSCOS; Two busts facing, Michael on left, bearded, Constantine on right, smaller, beardless, each wearing chlamys and crown with cross; Above heads, ✶
SpongeBob
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Byzantine Empire: Theophilus (829-842) Ć Follis, Syracuse (Sear-1680; DOC 29c; Anastasi 555 bis)15 viewsObv: ΘΟ FILOS; Theophilus facing, bearded, wearing loros and crown with cross, holding in right hand cross potent on base
Rev: +ΙΧΗLSCOS; Two busts facing, Michael on left, bearded, Constantine on right, smaller, beardless, each wearing chlamys and crown with cross; Above heads, ✶

Requires Athena Ruby for proper rendering of legends
SpongeBob
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Byzantine Empire: Theophilus (829-842) Ć Follis, Syracuse (Sear-1681)61 viewsObv: Crowned bust facing, wearing loros holding globus cruciger
Rev: Large M; X/X/X to left, cross above, N/N/N to right, Ө below
3 commentsSpongeBob
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BYZANTINE, Leo III the Isaurian and Constantine V (joint reign). 720-741A.D. Syracuse mint. 34 viewsBronze follis, 2.273g, 20.2mm. light green patina, VF. Obv: crowned bust of Leo III facing, short beard, chlamys, akakia in right, globus cruciger in left. Legend normally illegible (Sear). Rev: bust of Constantine V as obv. but beardless, below line large M between SC and L. Ref: S 1530, DO 54. VERY RAREBard Gram O
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BYZANTINE, Leo V “The Armenian,” AE18 Follis. 54 viewsSyracuse Mint.
AD 813-820
3.13 grams
Obv.: LEON, crowned facing bust of Leo, wearing loros, holding cross potent; Λ to r.
Rev.: Crowned facing bust of Constantine, wearing chlamys, holding cross on globe; cross to right.
SB 1637
Richard M10
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BYZANTINE, Tiberius III Apsimar, A.D.698-705, AV Solidus112 viewsTIBERIUS III (Apsimar). 698-705 AD. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.01 gm, 6h). Italian mint.
Obv: d TIbE RI Au, crowned and cuirassed facing bust, holding spear and shield.
Rev: VICTORIA AuSu, cross potent on three steps; small crosses flanking; CONOB.
DOC II 22 (Syracuse); MIB II 34 (Syracuse); SB 1381 (Syracuse). VF, ragged flan. Rare.
All the references ascribe this piece to Syracuse, but style and more importantly the metal content are not normal for Syracuse at this period. Probably one of the Italian mints, but Ricotti Prina, the source for a number of Italian attributions, does not list this coin.
goldcoin
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CALABRIA, Tarentum183 viewsTaranto was founded in 706 BC by Dorian immigrants as the only Spartan colony, and its origin is peculiar: the founders were Partheniae, sons of unmarried Spartan women and perioeci (free men, but not citizens of Sparta); these unions were decreed by the Spartans to increase the number of soldiers (only the citizens of Sparta could become soldiers) during the bloody Messenian Wars, but later they were nullified, and the sons were forced to leave. According to the legend Phalanthus, the Parthenian leader, went to Delphi to consult the oracle and received the puzzling answer that he should found a city where rain fell from a clear sky. After all attempts to capture a suitable place to found a colony failed, he became despondent, convinced that the oracle had told him something that was impossible, and was consoled by his wife. She laid his head in her lap and herself became disconsolate. When Phalanthus felt her tears splash onto his forehead he at last grasped the meaning of the oracle, for his wife's name meant clear sky. The harbour of Taranto in Apulia was nearby and he decided this must be the new home for the exiles. The Partheniae arrived and founded the city, naming it Taras after the son of the Greek sea god, Poseidon, and the local nymph Satyrion. A variation says Taras was founded in 707 BC by some Spartans, who, the sons of free women and enslaved fathers, were born during the Messenian War. According to other sources, Heracles founded the city. Another tradition indicates Taras himself as the founder of the city; the symbol of the Greek city (as well as of the modern city) is Taras riding a dolphin. Taranto increased its power, becoming a commercial power and a sovereign city of Magna Graecia, ruling over the Greek colonies in southern Italy.

In its beginning, Taranto was a monarchy, probably modelled on the one ruling over Sparta; according to Herodotus (iii 136), around 492 BC king Aristophilides ruled over the city. The expansion of Taranto was limited to the coast because of the resistance of the populations of inner Apulia. In 472 BC, Taranto signed an alliance with Rhegion, to counter the Messapii, Peuceti, and Lucanians (see Iapygian-Tarentine Wars), but the joint armies of the Tarentines and Rhegines were defeated near Kailěa (modern Ceglie), in what Herodotus claims to be the greatest slaughter of Greeks in his knowledge, with 3,000 Reggians and uncountable Tarentines killed. In 466 BC, Taranto was again defeated by the Iapyges; according to Aristotle, who praises its government, there were so many aristocrats killed that the democratic party was able to get the power, to remove the monarchy, inaugurate a democracy, and expel the Pythagoreans. Like Sparta, Tarentum was an aristocratic republic, but became democratic when the ancient nobility dwindled.

However, the rise of the democratic party did not weaken the bonds of Taranto and her mother-city Sparta. In fact, Taranto supported the Peloponnesian side against Athens in the Peloponnesian War, refused anchorage and water to Athens in 415 BC, and even sent ships to help the Peloponnesians, after the Athenian disaster in Sicily. On the other side, Athens supported the Messapians, in order to counter Taranto's power.

In 432 BC, after several years of war, Taranto signed a peace treaty with the Greek colony of Thurii; both cities contributed to the foundation of the colony of Heraclea, which rapidly fell under Taranto's control. In 367 BC Carthage and the Etruscans signed a pact to counter Taranto's power in southern Italy.

Under the rule of its greatest statesman, strategist and army commander-in-chief, the philosopher and mathematician Archytas, Taranto reached its peak power and wealth; it was the most important city of the Magna Graecia, the main commercial port of southern Italy, it produced and exported goods to and from motherland Greece and it had the biggest army and the largest fleet in southern Italy. However, with the death of Archytas in 347 BC, the city started a slow, but ineluctable decline; the first sign of the city's decreased power was its inability to field an army, since the Tarentines preferred to use their large wealth to hire mercenaries, rather than leave their lucrative trades.

In 343 BC Taranto appealed for aid against the barbarians to its mother city Sparta, in the face of aggression by the Brutian League. In 342 BC, Archidamus III, king of Sparta, arrived in Italy with an army and a fleet to fight the Lucanians and their allies. In 338 BC, during the Battle of Manduria, the Spartan and Tarentine armies were defeated in front of the walls of Manduria (nowadays in province of Taranto), and Archidamus was killed.

In 333 BC, still troubled by their Italic neighbours, the Tarentines called the Epirotic king Alexander Molossus to fight the Bruttii, Samnites, and Lucanians, but he was later (331 BC) defeated and killed in the battle of Pandosia (near Cosenza). In 320 BC, a peace treaty was signed between Taranto and the Samnites. In 304 BC, Taranto was attacked by the Lucanians and asked for the help of Agathocles tyrant of Syracuse, king of Sicily. Agathocles arrived in southern Italy and took control of Bruttium (present-day Calabria), but was later called back to Syracuse. In 303 BC-302 BC Cleonymus of Sparta established an alliance with Taranto against the Lucanians, and fought against them.

Arnold J. Toynbee, a classical scholar who taught at Oxford and other prestigious English universities and who did original and definitive work on Sparta (e.g. The Journal of Hellenic Studies, vol. xxxiii 1913 p. 246-275) seemed to have some doubts about Tarentum (Taranto) being of Spartan origin.

In his book The Study of History vol. iii p. 52 he wrote: "...Tarentum, which claimed a Spartan origin; but, even if this claim was in accordance with historical fact..." The tentative phrasing seems to imply that the evidence is neither conclusive or even establishes a high degree of probability of the truth that Tarentum (Taranto) was a Spartan colony.

CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 302-281 BC. AR Drachm (17mm, 2.91 gm). Helmeted head of Athena right, helmet decorated with Skylla hurling a stone / Owl standing right head facing, on olive branch; Vlasto 1058; SNG ANS 1312; HN Italy 1015. VF.

Ex-Cng eAuction 103 Lot 2 190/150
2 commentsecoli
211114_l.jpg
Calabria. Tarentum. Nomos (Circa 302-280 BC)27 viewsAR Nomos

21 mm, 7.78 g

Obv: Youth, holding shield, on horse rearing left; ΣΛ to right, ΦΙΛΩΝ below.
Rev: TAPAΣ.
Phalanthos, holding crowning Nike, riding dolphin left; waves below.

Vlasto 684-5; HN Italy 964.

In Greek mythology, Phalanthos (Φάλανθος) is a divine hero, the leader of the Spartan Partheniae and the founder of Taranto. In Ancient Greece, the Partheniae or Parthenians were a lower ranking Spartiate population which, according to tradition, left Laconia to go to Magna Graecia and founded Taras, modern Taranto, in the current region of Apulia, in southern Italy. In Greek mythology, Phalanthos is a divine hero, and the leader of the Spartan Partheniae.

At least three distinct traditions carry the origins of the Parthenians. The oldest is that of Antiochus of Syracuse, according to which the Spartiates, during the first Messenian war (end of the 8th century BC), had rejected like cowards those who had not fought, along with their descendants:

"Antiochus says that, during the Messenian war, those Lacedemonians which did not take part with the mission shall be declared as slaves and called Helots; as for the children born during the mission, we shall call them Parthenians and deny them of all legal rights."

The Parthenians were therefore the first tresantes ("trembling"), a category which gathers the cowards and thus excludes themselves from the community of the Homoioi, the Peers. Thereafter, Parthenians plotted against the Peers and, discovered, would have been driven out of Sparta, from which they departed for Italy and founded Taras, whose date is traditionally fixed in 706 BC - which archaeology does not deny.

In the second tradition, according to Ephorus (4th century BC), the Spartiates swore during the Messenian War, not to return home as long as they had not attained victory. The war prolonged and Sparta's demography being threatened, the Spartiates let the young Spartans who had not sworn the oath return home. These were ordered to copulate with all the girls available. The children who were born from these unions were named Parthenians. Their mothers, since they were compelled by the state to procreate, were legally considered unmolested and fit to marry once the war was over.

Lastly, a third tradition, made the Parthenians bastards who had resulted from the unions of Spartan women and their slaves, always during the Messenian war. The same tradition is told to explain the origins of Locri, also in Magna Graecia.
Nathan P
Catane- Apollo- ISIS (Sicilia).jpg
Catene- Apollo- ISIS69 viewsI think it's a coin of Katane (Sicily). Apollo head left on obverse, Isis on reverse.

Possibly a hexas, SNG ANS 1284 if around 3-3.5 g and 16-17 mm

I can only add that the coin is probably dated after 212 BC and depicts Isis holding a bird. Below the bird the sign II, the sign of value. Isis cult was very strong in Katane.

“Isis came to the island from the sea with the armies sent by Syracuse who conquered Katane in the year 476 BC, thus changing the city's name to Aitna.”

A well known obelisk in modern Catania bears hieroglyphs identifying the goddess Isis, but probably this was brought to Catania by Romans only on 30 BC from Egypt.

John Schou
Tarsos.jpg
Cilicia, Tarsos. Tarkumuwa (Datames), Satrap of Cilicia and Cappadocia. (Circa 378-372 BC)64 viewsAR Stater

23 mm, 10.28 g

Obverse: Diademed female head facing slightly to left, wearing pendant earrings and necklace.

Reverse: 𐡕𐡓𐡃𐡌𐡅 ('trkmw' in Aramaic) Bearded head of Ares (?) to left, wearing crested Attic helmet.

Casabonne type 1. SNG Levante 80. SNG Paris 276-277.

Datames (407-362 BC) served as a member of the Persian king's (Artaxerxes II - 405-359 BC) bodyguard before he became satrap of Cilicia and Cappadocia upon his father's death in battle in 384 BC. After many successes, the Persian king placed him in charge of the second war against Egypt, along with Pharnabazos and Tithraustes, satrap of Caria.

To pay their armies for these expeditions, both satraps minted near-identical coins, distinguished only by their inscriptions. The reverse of these coins may show a representation of Ares, the Greek god of war. The facing head of an unidentifiable female deity (Aphrodite, the wife of Ares?) on the obverse is clearly influenced by the famous representations of the nymph Arethusa created by the artist Kimon for the coins of Syracuse. Both designs were probably meant to appeal to the thousands of Greek mercenaries that each Persian satrap hired for their Egyptian campaigns.

Datames was first, however, detained by a local revolt in Kataonia, a territory within his satrapy. This time, his success incurred the king's jealousy, and he was removed both from his command of the Egyptian expedition as well as the rule of his satrapy. Refusing to relinquish his authority, Datames himself revolted and became a virtually independent ruler. His initial success in this endeavor prompted the revolt of other satraps across the empire. Datames' success, however, was short-lived. Distrust among the satraps rendered them unable to cooperate, their rebellion disintegrated, and Datames himself was assassinated in 362 BC.
3 commentsNathan P
constansII_s1115.jpg
Constans II, dekanummium, Syracuse mint, SBCV 11158 viewsConstans II, Sep 641 - 15 Jul 668 A.D. Bronze dekanummium, SBCV 1115, DOC II 185, VF, Syracuse mint, 2.090g, 17.1mm, 180o, c. 651 - 652 A.D.; obverse facing bust with long beard and chlamys, holds globus cruciger; reverse , large I between AN and NO I (=year 10); scarce. Ex FORVMPodiceps
constansII~1.jpg
Constans II, follis, overstruck, Syracuse mint, SBCV 110410 viewsConstans II, September 641 - 15 July 668 A.D. Bronze follis, DOC II, part 2, 176; SBCV 1104, VF, overstruck, Syracuse mint, 4.775g, 24.4mm, 180o, 641 - 647 A.D.; obverse bust of Constans, beardless, facing, wearing crown and chlamys, globus cruciger in right, traces of undertype (legend and globus cruciger) above; reverse , large M, monogram above. Ex FORVMPodiceps
Constans_II,_SBCV1104.JPG
Constans II, SBCV 11049 views[InPER COnSt]
Facing bust, beardless, wearing crown and chlamys, holding globus cruciger
Large M, Monogram 35 above
Syracuse, 26mm, 3.80g
novacystis
Constans_II,_SBCV1109.jpg
Constans II, SBCV 110913 viewsNo Legend
Facing figures of Constans and Constantine. Constans left wearing military attire holding long staff, Constantine right wearing chlamys holding globus cruciger
Large M, Monogram 35 above, SCL in ex
Syracuse mint
AE Follis, 20.5mm, 3.58g
novacystis
constantine_IV.jpg
Constantine IV, Follis; Syracuse mint, SBCV 12108 viewsByzantine Empire, Constantine IV, 15 July 668 - 10 July 685 A.D. Bronze follis, DOC II Class IV, 63; SBCV 1210, aVF, Syracuse mint, 6.685g, 23.0mm, 180o, 668 - 681 A.D.; obverse diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing, beardless, spear in right, shield on left ornamented with horseman; reverse, large M, monogram above, SCL in ex; scarce. Sear notes this type is often overstruck on Syracusian folles of Constans II. Ex FORVMPodiceps
constiV.jpg
CONSTANTINE V (741 - 775 A.D.)27 viewsĆ Follis
O: Two half-length figures facing, Constantine V on left, bearded, Leo IV on right, beardless, each wearing chlamys and crown with cross, holding in right hand akakia. Between heads, cross. To left, ; To right, ///
R: Half-length figure of Leo III facing, bearded, wearing chlamys and crown with cross, holding in right hand, cross potent on base. To left, ///; To right, ///
Syracuse
2.3g
19mm
S.1569
2 commentsMat
Constantine_V___leoIV.jpg
Constantine V and Leo IV, follis, Syracuse; Sear 156911 viewsConstantine V and Leo IV, 6 June 751 - 14 September 775 A.D. Bronze follis, SBCV 1569, aEF, Sicily, Syracuse mint, 2.715g, 19.8mm, 180o, obverse “Λ”E/W/N (on right), Byzantine Empire, Constantine V and Leo IV, each stand facing wearing crown and chlamys and holding akakia, cross between heads; reverse “Λ”/E/O/N - “Δ”/E/C/“Π”, Leo III, bearded, standing facing wearing crown and chlamys, cross potent in right; scarce. Ex FORVMPodiceps
Constantine_V_and_Leo_IV,_SBCV_1569.JPG
Constantine V and Leo IV, SBCV 156912 viewsK ΛEON
Constantine and Leo IV facing, wearing crowns and chlamys, holding akakiae
ΛEON ΔECΠ
Leo III Wearing crown and chlamys
Syracuse mint
AE follis, 19mm, 2.37g
novacystis
Corinth_Stater.jpg
Corinthian Stater -- 375-300 BC11 views8.44 g, 21 mm, 180°
Silver Stater; Toned, Rough Surfaces
Pegasi I 400; BCD Corinth –

Obverse: Pegasos Flying Left.
Reverse: Head of Athena in Corinthian Helmet Left; A Before, Astralogos Behind.

One of the richest and greatest of the Ancient Greek Poleis, Corinthia gained its wealth from the control of the Isthmus connecting Peloponnese and Central Greece. It was the mother city many important colonies, including Syracuse, Corcyra, and Leukos, which led to them minting similar coinage. Pegasos, the mythical flying horse captured by Bellerophon, the founder of Corinth, adorns the obverse while Athena in the distinct Corinthian style helmet adorns the reverse. In Corinth's origin myth, Athena provided Bellerophon with the bridle to capture Pegasos.
Hydro
IMG_9277.JPG
Dionysios I, Sicily, Syracuse13 viewsSICILY, Syracuse. Dionysios I. 405-367 BC. Ć Drachm. Head of Athena left, wearing Corinthian helmet decorated with wreath / Sea-star between two dolphins. CNS 62; HGC 2, 1436.ecoli
EB0016_scaled.JPG
EB0016 Arethusa / Octopus8 viewsSyracuse, SICILY, AR litra, 466-460 BC.
Obverse: ΣYPA, Diademed head of Arethusa right, wearing pearl necklace.
Reverse: Octopus.
References: Boehring 421; SNG ANS 131.
Diameter: 12mm, Weight: 0.665g.
Ex: Harold F. Donald.
EB
EB0017_scaled.JPG
EB0017 Persephone / Nike13 viewsSyracuse Agathokles, SICILY, AR tetradrachm, 305-289 BC.
Obverse: KOΡAΣ, Head of Persephone right in wreath of corn.
Reverse: AΓAΘOKΛEIOΣ, Nike standing right, erecting trophy, hammer in her right hand, triskeles rotating right in lower left field.
References: Sear 974; BAR Issue 23; Hoover HGC 1536.
Diameter: 26.5mm, Weight: 17.05g.
1 commentsEB
EB0181b_scaled.JPG
EB0181 Arethusa / Wheel5 viewsSyracuse, SICILY, AE 17, Before 357 BC.
Obverse: Head of Artemis-Arethusa left, [dolphin behind].
Reverse: ΣΥΡΑ, Wheel with four spokes, dolphins in lower quarters.
References: SG 1186; BMC 2.243; SNGCop 314.
Diameter: 17mm, Weight: 3.42g.
EB
EB0182b_scaled.JPG
EB0182 Arethusa / Dolphin & Scallop6 viewsSyracuse, Dionysios I, SICILY, AE litra, 405-367 BC.
Obverse: Head of Arethusa left; laurel branch right.
Reverse: ΣYPA; Dolphin leaping right, scallop shell below.
References: SNG ANS 414ff; Calciati 24.
Diameter: 18mm, Weight: 2.619g.
EB
EB0184b_scaled.JPG
EB0184 Zeus / Thunderbolt & Eagle15 viewsSyracuse,Timoleon, SICILY, AE 25, 345-317 BC.
Obverse: ZEYΣ EΛEYΘEΡIOΣ to left and right of head of Zeus Eleutherios right.
Reverse: Thunderbolt, eagle to right.
References: SNG Cop 729; Mionnet I, 892.
Diameter: 25.5mm, Weight: 16.099g.
1 commentsEB
EB0185b_scaled.JPG
EB0185 Apollo / Pegasus24 viewsSyracuse,Timoleon, SICILY, AE 20, 344-289 BC.
Obverse: [ΣYΡAKOΣIΩN], Laureate head of Apollo left, unidentified object (amphora? Signs of tooling?) behind.
Reverse: Pegasus flying left. (NI? HP?) monogram below.
References: Cf. Mionnet 624.
Diameter: 20.5mm, Weight: 4.94g.
EB
EB0186b_scaled.JPG
EB0186 Athena / Hippocamp7 viewsSyracuse,Timoleon, SICILY, AE 20, 344-336 BC.
Obverse: ΣYPA, ethnic read from outside above visor of Athena wearing crested Corinthian-style helmet, a dolphin swims in each of the fields, right and left.
Reverse: Hippocamp with curled wing left. Eagle head below?
References: SG 1193, BMC 2.289.
Diameter: 20mm, Weight: 7.956g.
EB
EB0186_scaled.JPG
EB0186 Timoleon SICILY Syracuse12 viewsSyracuse,Timoleon, SICILY, AE 20 (trias), 344 BC-336 BC
Obverse: Athena head L. with dolphins
Reverse: hippocamp

EB
EB0187b_scaled.JPG
EB0187 Apollo / Dog8 viewsSyracuse,Timoleon, SICILY, AE 13, 344-336 BC.
Obverse: Apollo head left.
Reverse: Dog lying left, looking back.
References: Boutin 1378; Weber 1664; SNG ANS 745var (href=https://www.acsearch.info/search.html?id=250044).
Diameter: 13mm, Weight: 1.496g.
EB
EB0189b_scaled.JPG
EB0189 Herakles / Lion5 viewsSyracuse, Agathokles, SICILY, AE 22, 317-289 BC.
Obverse: Diademed head of Herakles left.
Reverse: Lion walking right, club above.
References: SG 1201, BMC 2.389.
Diameter: 22mm, Weight: 8.083g.
EB
EB0189_2_scaled.JPG
EB0189.2 Syracuse, Agathokles, SICILY, AE 2453 viewsSyracuse, Agathokles, SICILY, AE 24, 317 BC-289 BC
Obverse: Young Herakles head R.
Reverse: Lion R., club above. Signs of overstriking (thunderbolt) on foreleg.
References: SG 1201 (SG 1200 for thunderbolt?)
Diameter: 22.5mm, Weight: 8.011 g

EB
EB0190b_scaled.JPG
EB0190 Artemis / Thunderbolt7 viewsSyracuse, Democracy, SICILY, AE 20, 289-288 BC.
Obverse: ΣΩTEIΡA, head of Artemis left, in single-pendant earring & necklace, quiver over shoulder.
Reverse: ΔIOΣ EΛEY-ΘEΡIOY, winged thunderbolt.
References: Calciati 147; SG 1206; BMC 2.426; SNG Cop 784.
Diameter: 20.5mm, Weight: 7.971g.
EB
EB0191_scaled.JPG
EB0191 Syracuse, Hiketas, AE 22, 288-279 BC21 viewsSyracuse, Hiketas, AE 22, 288-279 BC
Obv: Zeus Hellanios head R.
Rev: Eagle standing left on thunderbolt with wings open; star and A before
References: GCV 1212, BMC 2.482
Diameter: 24 mm, Weight: 9.571 grams
EB
EB0191b_scaled.JPG
EB0191 Zeus / Eagle13 viewsSyracuse, Hiketas, SICILY, AE 24, 287-278 BC.
Obverse: ΔIOΣ EΛΛANIOY, Laureate head of Zeus Hellanios right.
Reverse: ΣYΡAK-[OΣIΩN], Eagle standing left on thunderbolt; star & A before.
References: SG 1211; BMC 2.468; Calciati 168A.
Diameter: 24mm, Weight: 9.571g.
EB
EB0192b_scaled.JPG
EB0192 Herakles / Athena5 viewsSyracuse, Pyrrhos, SICILY, AE 22, 278-276 BC.
Obverse: Head of Herakles left, wearing lionskin. Signs of overstriking.
Reverse: ΣYΡAKOΣIΩN, Athena Promachos advancing right, wielding spear and holding shield on outstretched left arm.
References: SG 1214; BMC 2.503; Weber 1699.
Diameter: 23.5mm, Weight: 10.543g.
EB
EB0193b_scaled.JPG
EB0193 Hieron II / Horseman6 viewsSyracuse, Hieron II, SICILY, AE 27, 275-215 BC.
Obverse: Laureate head of Hieron left.
Reverse: [IEΡΩNOΣ]? beneath horseman, wearing helmet, cuirass and chlamys, on horse prancing right, holding couched lance.
References: Cf. SG 1222, BMC 2.583, BMC 566.
Diameter: 27.5mm, Weight: 17.957g.
EB
EB0194b_scaled.JPG
EB0194 Poseidon / Trident29 viewsSyracuse, Hieron II, SICILY, AE 20, 275-215 BC.
Obverse: Head of Poseidon left, hair bound in a taenia.
Reverse: IEΡ-ΩNOΣ, ornamented trident between two dolphins.
References: BMC 2.609, see SG 1223, Grose 2935.
Diameter: 20mm, Weight: 6.257g.
2 commentsEB
EB0196b_scaled.JPG
EB0196 Persephone / Bull9 viewsEB0196 Persephone / Bull
Syracuse, Hieron II, SICILY, AE 20, 275-215 BC.
Obverse: Persephone head left, wreathed with corn.
Reverse: Bull butting left, club and A above, IE below.
References: BMC 2.624.
Diameter: 20mm Weight: 5.387.
EB
EB0197b_scaled.JPG
EB0197 Persephone / Bull11 viewsSyracuse, Hieron II, SICILY, AE 19, 275-215 BC.
Obverse: Persephone head left, wreathed with corn.
Reverse: Bull butting left, club and ? above, ?? below.
References: Cf. SG 1216 (Pyrrhos); BMC 2.620ff.
Diameter: 19.5mm, Weight: 5.041g.
EB
EB0198b_scaled.JPG
EB0198 Apollo / Tripod6 viewsSyracuse, SICILY, AE 12, 214-200 BC.
Obverse: Laureate head of Apollo left.
Reverse: ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, tripod.
References: Cf. SG 1227; BMC 2.681; CNS II, 212; HGC 2, 1523.
Diameter: 12.5mm, Weight: 1.542g.
EB
EB0256b_scaled.JPG
EB0256 Zeus / Horse3 viewsSicily. Syracuse. AE Drachm. Timoleon and the Third Democracy (344-317 BC).
Obverse: [ΖΕΥΣ ΕΛΕΥΘΕΡΙΟΣ], Head of Zeus left, bearded and laureate.
Reverse: [ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΩΝ], Horse prancing left.
Diameter: 25mm, Weight: 17.583g.
EB
EB0260b_scaled.JPG
EB0260 Athena / Starfish and Dolphins9 viewsSyracuse, Sicily, AE 30.
Obverse: ΣYPA, head of Athena left wearing Corinthian helmet.
Reverse: Eight rayed starfish between two dolphins.
References: SG 1189.
Diameter: 30mm, Weight: 32.55g.
1 commentsEB
EB0261b_scaled.JPG
EB0261 Persephone / Bull2 viewsSyracuse, Sicily, AE 16, 317-310 BC.
Obverse: Head of Persephone left.
Reverse: Bull butting left, club and ΛΥ above, and [] in exergue.
References: Grose 2830; SNG ANS 597; Calciati II, 404, 199.
Diameter: 16mm, Weight: 3.638g.
EB
EB0262b_scaled.JPG
EB0262 Apollo / Torch4 viewsSyracuse under Rome, AE 15, 215-212 BC.
Obverse: Head of Apollo left.
Reverse: Long torch between ΣYPAKΩΣIΩN.
References: Grose 2975; SNG ANS 1080-1082, SNG Cop. 895.
Diameter: 15mm, Weight: 2.684g.
EB
EB0263b_scaled.JPG
EB0263 Artemis / Apollo3 viewsSyracuse under Rome, AE 18, Circa 212 BC.
Obverse: Radiate and draped bust of Artemis right, quiver at shoulder.
Reverse: Apollo standing right, holding branch and wreath.
References: Sear 1233 sim; CNS 238; SNG ANS 1104-6.
Diameter: 18mm, Weight: 4.982g.
EB
EB0986_scaled.JPG
EB0986 Constans II / Large M5 viewsConstans II, AE Follis, Syracuse.
Obverse: [MPER CONST], crowned bust facing.
Reverse: large M, TKw-like monogram above.
References: SB 1105, DOC 177a.
Diameter: 22mm, Weight: 5.968g.
EB
EB0992_scaled.JPG
EB0992 Leo V & Constantine / Large M6 viewsLeo V and Constantine, AE Follis. Syracuse mint, 813-820 AD.
Obverse: LEON SC CONST AV, busts of Leo no beard on left and Constantine, short beard, on right, each wearing crown and chlamys.
Reverse: Large M between XXX and NNN, cross above, A below.
References: SB 1630 var (short beard, no beard), DOC 7.
Diameter: 22mm, Weight: 4.748g.
EB
EB0993_scaled.JPG
EB0993 Leo V / Constantine5 viewsLeo V & Constantine, AE 15mm Syracuse mint, 813-820 AD.
Obverse: [LEOh], Leo diademed and draped bust facing.
Reverse: [CONST], Constantine diademed and draped bust facing.
References: -.
Diameter: 14.5mm, Weight: 1.318g.
EB
5th_democracy_22.jpg
Fifth Democracy, 214 - 212 B.C. AE 22, Apollo/ Dioskouroi on horseback15 viewsSyracuse, Sicily, Fifth Democracy, 214 - 212 B.C. AE 22, Calciati II p. 415, 205 (various reverse control letters); SNG Cop 888 - 889 (same); SNG ANS 1053 ff. (same), Fair, Syracuse mint, 11.720g, 22.4mm, 90o, obverse laureate head of Apollo left; reverse, the Dioskouroi on horseback right, raising right arms, “ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΩΝ” in ex; scarce, Ex FORVMPodiceps
Sicily_Gela_SNG-ANS4_7_gf.jpg
Gela15 viewsGela. (CEΛAΣ) c. 490/485-480/475 BC. AR Didrachm (8.57 gm). Horseman galloping right, brandishing spear overhead. / Forepart of river god Gelas as man-headed bull r. (Ε-ΛΑ before.  nEF.  Triton V #1167. Ex William N. Rudman Coll. SNG ANS 4 mule: #7 (same ob. die) / #5 (same rev. die); Jenkins Gela Gp Ib 42 (O13'/R17); SNG Cop 1 #256; SNG Klagenfurt 430; HGC 2 #363.
480-470 BC.  Rule of tyrant Gelon, born in Gela, who won a crushing victory over the Carthaginians and ruled Syracuse for a time.
3 commentsAnaximander
Gela,_Sicily,_c__430_-_425_B_C_.jpg
Gela, Sicily, c. 430 - 425 B.C.60 viewsSilver litra, Jenkins Gela, group VI, 401 - 453; SNG Cop 275; BMC Sicily p. 71, 52; HGC 2 374 (R1), aF, dark toning, scratches, corrosion, flan cracks, Gela mint, weight 0.563g, maximum diameter 13.3mm, die axis 45o, c. 430 - 425 B.C.; obverse bearded cavalryman charging left on horseback, helmeted, armed with shield and couched spear; reverse CEΛAΣ, forepart of a man-faced bull (river god) swimming right; from a Northern Florida collector.

EX FORVM . With my sincere thank and appreciation , Photo and Description courtesy of FORVM Ancient Coins Staff.

Gela, named after the river Gela, was founded around 688 BC by colonists from Rhodos (Rhodes) and Crete, 45 years after the founding of Syracuse. In 424 B.C., the Congress of Gela established a platform of "Sicily for the Sicilians" and formed a league that pushed back the Athenian attempt to conquer the island.
2 commentsSam
17586q00.jpg
Greek10 viewsAE hemilitron Syracuse, Sicily 415 B.C.
Ob. head of Arethusa left, hair in a sphendone
Rev. SY-RA in the upper quarters of four spokes, two dolphins in lower quarters
nathan s2
82288q00.jpg
Greek12 viewsAE drachm, Syracuse, Sicily 395-367 B.C. 30.76g, 31.7mm
Ob. Head of Athena wearing olive wreathed Corinthian helmet.
Rev.Sea star between two dolphins.
nathan s2
27951q00.jpg
Greek16 viewsAE tetras, Syracuse, Sicily 400 B.C.
Ob. Head of Arethusa, hair in ampyx and sphendone
Rev. Octopus
nathan s2
21286q00.jpg
Greek16 viewsAE20, Syracuse, Sicily 317-289 B.C.
Ob. Head of Persephone, wreathed in grain.
Rev. Biga driven by Nike, A in ex.
nathan s2
Eukleidas_R.JPG
Greek, Arethusa by Eukleidas39 viewsI think that this Portrait of Arethusa by the master engraver Eukleidas is worth to be in this gallery :)
Tetradrachm of Syracuse 399-387 BC Reverse die n°64 of the Tudeer Corpus
Brennos
pyrrhos2.jpg
GREEK, Macedonian kingdom, Pyrrhos504 viewsKings of Macedon Pyrrhos 278-276BC. AE Litra (23mm). Syracuse mint.
Head of Phthia left., veiled with acanthus; Rev. winged thunderbolt &
legend 'of King Pyrrhou'. Rare, finest style. EF+
4 commentsalexB
BeFunky_Collage~7.jpg
GREEK, Sicily, Gela, AR Tetradrachm circa 465--450 BC17.22 g 11h Jenkins 220 {O58/R118} The Randazzo Hoard no.41 this coin63 viewsCharioteer in quadriga moving slowly left,column behind marking the turning point of the race,in exergue sea monster {pistrix}
Rev forepart of man-headed bull with Nike flying right to crown him.off flan.
The Numismatic Chronicle 1894 page 212 contributions to Sicilian Numismatics by Arthur.J.Evans.These coins of Syracusan show the pistrix in the exergue of there reverse types,the introduction of which on the Syracusan dies Dr.Head has reasonably connected with Hierons great sea victory off Cumae of 474.I am inclined to go still further than Dr. Head,and to suggest that the symbol of sea power survived on the issues of the Syracusan democracy for another two decades or more.One of the novelties supplied by the present find is the appearance of the same sea-monster in the exergual position on a coin of Gela.It may ,therefore,be reasonably brought into connection with the same historical occasion,and may be regarded as a complimentary allusion to the great citizen of Gela who now ruled at Syracuse.It is possible that a Geloan contingent participated in the naval victory over the Etruscans,the victorious occasion of the present piece is ,indeed,accentuated and brought into direct relation with Gela itself by the obverse design,on which almost alone among the coins of this city,a flying Nike is seen crowning the head of the River-God.
1 commentsGrant H
syra_zusa.jpg
GREEK, Sicily, Syracuse42 views3 commentsNumis-Student
Projet2.jpg
GREEK, Sicily, Syracuse17 viewsHiketas. 288-279 BC. Head of Persphone left / galloping biga driven right by charioteer, triskeles below.
SG 1209v
moneta romana
Kore_A~0.jpg
GREEK, Sicily, Syracuse (Reign of Hiketas)108 views287-283 BC
AE 23 (23mm, 11.375g, 135o)
O: Head of Persephone (Kore) left, wreathed in grain; ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΩΝ before, pellet and stalk of grain behind.
R: Nike diving biga right, whip in right hand, reigns in left; star above, Σ in exergue.
Sear 1209 / SNG ANS 760 var. (no Σ in ex.) / Calciati II, p. 259, 123.
ex Forvm Ancient Coins
1 commentsEnodia
zeus_1.jpg
GREEK, Sicily, Syracuse, 332-317 BC106 viewsSicily, Syracuse 332–317 BC
Obverse: Short haired Zeus facing right, ZEUS ELYTHEIROS in greek script around.
Reverse: Thunderbolt in the field, eagle to the right, SYRAKOSION in greek script around.

Dated according to N.K. Rutter: Greek Coinages of Southern Italy and Sicily, page 168.

Ex. A.H. Baldwin collection.

Bronse hemilitron.
W=14,97g; D=24 mm.
1 commentsKjetilK
zeus_2.jpg
GREEK, Sicily, Syracuse, 344-317 BC164 viewsSicily, Syracuse 344–317 BC
Obverse: Long haired Zeus facing left, ZEUS ELYTHEIROS in greek script around.
Reverse: Horse prancing to the left, SYRAKOSION in greek script around.

Dated according to N.K. Rutter: Greek Coinages of Southern Italy and Sicily, page 169.

Ex. A.H. Baldwin collection.

Bronse litra.
W=18,51g; D=26 mm.
7 commentsKjetilK
010 Ć Agathokles.jpg
GREEK, Sicily, Syracuse, Agathocles (317-289 BC) AE2259 viewsObverse: ΣYPAKOΣION. Head of Athena wearing crested Corinthian helmet facing right.
Reverse: Horseman holding spear galloping right., monogram below.
Weight: 8.92gr. | Diameter: 22.10mm.
Calciati 116
Juan B
012 Ć 23 Agathokles.jpg
GREEK, SICILY, SYRACUSE, Agathokles54 viewsCeca: Siracusa (Sicilia)
Datación: 317-289 aC
Valor: Ć23
Catálogo: Sear Greek Coins 1195. Calciati 96
Conservación: MBC+
Metal: Ć
Peso: 10,61 gr.
Diámetro: 22,73 mm.
Anverso: Cabeza de Kore a la izquierda, corona de espigas, detrás antorcha. Leyenda griega EYPAKOEION
Reverso: Toro embistiendo a izquierda. Encima y debajo delfines a izquierda.
Notas: Pátina verde
Juan B
Ć 19 011 Agathokles.jpg
GREEK, SICILY, SYRACUSE, Agathokles54 viewsDatación: 317-310 aC
Valor: Ć 19
Catálogo: Calciati 121; Sear Greek Coins 1197
Conservación: MBC-
Metal: Ć
Peso: 5,77 gr.
Diámetro: 19 mm.
Anverso: Cabeza laureada de Apolo a derecha, detrás palladium (trofeo?). Leyenda griega EYPAKOEYON
Reverso: Triquetra (triskeles) con Gorgonia en un círculo en el centro
Notas: Pátina verde
Juan B
07 Ć19.jpg
GREEK, SICILY, SYRACUSE, Agathokles (317-289 BC) AE19122 viewsCeca: Siracusa (Sicilia)
Datación: 317-289 aC
Valor: Ć19
Catálogo: Sear Greek Coins 1199, żBMC. 2. 231?
Conservación: MBC+
Metal: Ć
Peso: 14,30 gr.
Diámetro: 19 mm.
Anverso: Cabeza de Apolo laureada a izquierda. Leyenda SIPAKOSION
Reverso: Pegaso volando a izquierda
4 commentsJuan B
86808q00.jpg
Greek, Sicily, Syracuse, Agathokles, 317 - 289 B.C., Electrum 50 Litrai36 viewsSH86808. Electrum 50 litrai, Jenkins Group B (O4/R3); SNG ANS 621 (same obv. die); BMC Sicily p. 184, 263 (same); de Luynes 1267 (same); HGC 2 1294, VF, attractive style, centered on a tight flan, lightly toned, light marks, die crack on reverse, Syracuse mint, weight 3.587g, maximum diameter 15.3mm, die axis 270o, c. 306 - 305 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo left, amphora behind; reverse ΣYPAKOΣIΩN (clockwise from upper right), ornamented tripod lebes, high ring handles; ex Classical Numismatic Group, e-auction 412, lot 38; ex John A. Seeger Collection; ex Classical Numismatic Group, auction 76 (12 Sep 2007), lot 30131 commentsJoe Sermarini
thumb00136.jpg
GREEK, Sicily, Syracuse, AR Tetradrachm c.485-466 BC.Boehringer 12391 viewsSicily Syracuse Deinomenid Tyranny AR Tetradrachm circa 485-466 BC 23mm 17.27g 9h
Bearded charioteer driving Quadriga walking to right,above nike flying right to crown the horses.Rev EVRAKOEION Diademed head of Arethusa to right,wearing a pearl necklace and with her hair falling back behind her neck but turned up beneath her diadem,around four dolphins swimming to right.
Boehringer 123,SNG ANS 33.
1 commentsGrant H
FotorCreated~116.jpg
GREEK, Sicily, Syracuse, AR Tetradrachm c.485-466 BC.Boehringer 123 23mm 17.27g 9h88 viewsDeinomenid Tyranny,Bearded charioteer driving quadriga walking to right,above Nike flying right to crown the horses.Rev Diademed head of Arethusa to right,wearing a pearl diadem and a pearl necklace and with her hair falling back behind her neck but turned up beneath her diadem,around four dolphins swimming to right.A splendid example bright,well struck,well centered and of excellent style.
From a collection formed over twenty years ago.
1 commentsGrant H
Untitled_collage_(4).jpg
GREEK, Sicily, Syracuse, AR Tetradrachm circa 485-475 19 viewsBoehringer 121,122 same obverse 55,with very different reverses.Grant H
Untitled_collage~1.jpg
GREEK, Sicily, Syracuse, AR Tetradrachm circa 485-475 20 viewsTwo very different reverses,share same obverse.Boehringer 121-122 obverse 55-reverse 82,83Grant H
FotorCreated4321.jpg
GREEK, Sicily, Syracuse, AR Tetradrachm circa 485-475 20mm 17.33g 8h. Boehringer 12190 viewsDeinomenid Tyranny Bearded charioteer driving quadriga walking to right,above Nike flying right to crown the horses.Rev Diademed head of Arethusa to right,wearing a pearl necklace and with her hair falling back behind her neck but turned up beneath her diadem which is not the usual pearl diadem but a plain band,four dolphins swimming right.1 commentsGrant H
86274q00.jpg
GREEK, Sicily, Syracuse, Deinomenid Tyranny, Time of Hieron, c. 478 - 467 B.C.37 viewsSH86274. Silver tetradrachm, Boehringer 338 (V166/R236); Randazzo 507 - 509 (same dies); SNG ANS -, gVF, fantastic style, toned, centered on a tight flan, small areas struck a little flat, marks, pre-strike flan casting sprues remaining (as usual for the type), weight 16.971 g, maximum diameter 29.0 mm, die axis 0o, Syracuse mint, c. 478 - 467 B.C.; obverse slow quadriga driven right by male charioteer, kentron in right hand, reigns in left hand, Nike above flying right crowning horses; reverse ΣVRA-KOS-I-ON (Latin R upside down, N reversed), Artemis-Arethusa right, archaic eye, hair slightly waved in front turned up in a krobylos under a diadem of beads, wearing earring and necklace, surrounded by four dolphins swimming clockwise; ex Roma Numismatics, auction 6 (29 Sep 2013), lot 441; ex Comery CollectionJoe Sermarini
04 Hemilitron 2Ş Democracia.jpg
GREEK, SICILY, Syracuse, Hemilitron. Segunda Democracia (466-406 aC)44 viewsCeca: Siracusa (Sicilia)
Datación: 415 aC. Fin de la Segunda Democracia
Valor: Hemilitron
Catálogo: Calciati 22; Lindgren 554; SNG Cop 314; Sear Greek Coins 1186; BMC 2.243
Conservación: MBC
Metal: Ć
Peso: 3,87 gr.
Diámetro: 15 mm.
Anverso: Cabeza de mujer (Arethusa) a izquierda, pelo atado con ampyx (banda de tela ornamentada, diadema que se colocaban las mujeres en la cabeza) y “sphendone”.
Reverso: Rueda con 4 radios, en los cuartos superiores; delfín en cada uno de los cuartos inferiores.
Notas: Con algunas raras excepciones, las monedas de Siracusa son prácticamente el único lugar donde se encontrará a la ninfa Arethusa, se dice que ella hizo de la ciudad de Siracusa su casa después de escapar de Alpheus.
Juan B
03 Hemilitron 2Ş Democracia.jpg
GREEK, SICILY, Syracuse, Hemilitron. Segunda Democracia (466-406 aC)37 viewsCeca: Siracusa (Sicilia)
Datación: 415 aC. Fin de la Segunda Democracia
Valor: Hemilitron
Catálogo: Calciati 18; SNG ANS 314
Conservación: MBC
Metal: Ć
Peso: 4,62 gr.
Diámetro: 18 mm.
Anverso: Cabeza femenina a izquierda. Leyenda EYPA.
Reverso: Cuadrado incuso con círculo incuso en el centro, dentro estrella de dieciséis rayos.
Notas: Pátina verde y roja
Juan B
05 Hemilitron 2Ş Democracia.jpg
GREEK, SICILY, Syracuse, Hemilitron. Segunda Democracia (466-406 aC)39 viewsDatación: 415 aC
Valor: Hemilitron
Catálogo: Calciati 24. SNG ANS 418
Conservación: MBC
Metal: Ć
Peso: 3,50 gr.
Diámetro: 17 mm.
Anverso: Cabeza de mujer (Arethusa) a izquierda, pelo atado con amphyx (banda de tela ornamentada, diadema que se colocaban las mujeres en la cabeza) y “sphendone”. A la derecha dos hojas de olivo
Reverso: Delfín y concha en el centro. Leyenda griega EYPA
Notas: Pátina verde
Juan B
01 Óbolo Tiranía Gelon o Hieron I.jpg
GREEK, SICILY, SYRACUSE, Hieron I, TiranĂ­a Deinomenid (485-466 aC)39 viewsCeca: Siracusa (Sicilia)
Datación: Acuńada bajo Gelon o Hieron I, 480/78-475 aC
Valor: Óbolo
Catálogo: Boehringer 362-70; SNG ANS 116-8
Conservación: MBC+
Metal: AR
Peso: 0,55 gr.
Diámetro: 8 mm.
Anverso: Cabeza diademada de Arethusa a derecha
Reverso: Rueda con cuatro radios alrededor de un globo central
Juan B
poseidon_ieronos.jpg
GREEK, Sicily, Syracuse, Hieron II32 viewsHieron II, (also spelled Hiero) was king of Syracuse, Sicily, from about 270 to 216/215 B.C. He struggled against the Mamertines who were mercenaries of Italian origin who had originally been hired from their home in Campania by Agathocles (361 – 289 BC), self-proclaimed King of Sicily. After the Mamertines called in the aid of Rome Hieron joined the Punic leader Hanno, who had recently landed in Sicily, and fought an inconclusive battle with the Romans after which he withdrew to Syracuse. In 263 Hieron concluded a treaty with Rome and from this time until his death in 215 B.C. he remained loyal to the Romans, and frequently assisted them with men and provisions during the Punic war.Franz-Josef M
012 Ć18 Hieron II.jpg
GREEK, SICILY, SYRACUSE, Hieron II (275-215 aC) AE1856 viewsCeca: Siracusa (Sicilia)
Datación: 270-230 aC
Valor: Ć18
Catálogo: Calciati 194; SNG ANS 968; SNG Cop 850; żżSNG ANS 964??; Sear Greek Coins 1223
Conservación: MBC
Metal: Ć
Peso: 5,78 gr.
Diámetro: 18 mm.
Anverso: Cabeza diademada de Poseidon a la izquierda, dentro de línea de puntos.
Reverso: Cabeza de tridente, adornado con volutas entre los dientes y flanqueado por dos delfines. Leyenda HIEPONOS.
Juan B
013 Ć20 Hieron II Persefone_toro.jpg
GREEK, SICILY, SYRACUSE, Hieron II (275-215 aC), AE2043 viewsCeca: Siracusa (Sicilia)
Datación: 275-215 aC
Valor: Ć20
Catálogo: Calciati 192
Conservación: MBC+
Metal: Ć
Peso: 5,62 gr.
Diámetro: 20 mm.
Anverso: Cabeza de Perséfone a la izquierda, leyenda "EIPAKOSION"
Reverso: Toro embistiendo a izquierda. Encima clava y M. Debajo en exergo IE (Hierón)
Juan B
011 Ć28  Hieron II.jpg
GREEK, SICILY, SYRACUSE, Hieron II (275-215 aC), AE2856 viewsCeca: Siracusa (Sicilia)
Datación: 270-230 aC
Valor: Ć18
Catálogo: Sear Greek Coins 1221; Calciati 193
Conservación: MBC
Metal: Ć
Peso: 17,74 gr.
Diámetro: 27,66 mm.
Anverso: Busto de Hieron a izquierda.
Reverso: Jinete cabalgando a la derecha portando una lanza. Bajo línea en exergo HIEPONOS. "IERONOS"
Notas: Pátina verde. Anverso pulido y repasado a buril
1 commentsJuan B
010 Ć28  Hieron II 2.jpg
GREEK, Sicily, Syracuse, Hieron II (275-215 aC), AE28148 viewsStruck: 270-230 aC
Ć28
Reference: Sear Greek Coins 1221; Calciati 195; BMC II 583; SNG ANS 909 (924)
Conservación: MBC+
Metal: Ć
Weight: 18,20 gr.
Diameter: 28 mm.
Obverse: Bust of Hieron facing left.
Reverse: Horseman galloping right carrying a spear. Below, in exergue, IEPΩNΩΣ (HIERONOS).
3 commentsJuan B
019 Hieron II 16 litras.jpg
GREEK, SICILY, SYRACUSE, Hieron II, 16 litras72 viewsDatación: 274-216 aC
Valor: 16 litras
Catálogo: Sear Greek Coins 988. BMC 550. Burnett 41. SNG Cop 824. SNG ANS 876. SNGuk 0300 1013
Conservación: BC+/MBC+
Metal: AG
Peso: 11,72 gr.
Diámetro: 25,70 mm.
Anverso: Cabeza velada y diademada de la reina Philistis (esposa de Hieron II) a izquierda.
Reverso: Cuadriga a derecha conducida por Nike sosteniendo riendas. Encima leyenda greiega BASILISSAS con media luna debajo. Debajo de los caballos espiga y en el campo a derecha KIS. En exergo leyenda griega FILISTIDOS
2 commentsJuan B
641821q00.jpg
GREEK, SICILY, Syracuse, Hieron II, 275-215 BC.52 viewsHieron II, 275-215 BC.Bronze. 7.50 g.
Diademed head of Poseidon left.
Ornamented trident head flanked by two dolphins.
SNG ANS cf. 964; Calciati II, 371, 194 Rl 14.
Provenance: P.A. Collection, Hess Divo Auction 310, Zurich 2008, lot n°41. Hess Divo Lugdunum 13 lot 1033
chance v
86308q00.jpg
GREEK, Sicily, Syracuse, Hieron, c. 478 - 466 B.C.25 viewsSH86308. Silver tetradrachm, Boehringer Series X, 229 (V102/R155); HGC 2, 1306; Bement 451; Jameson 744; McClean 2611 (all from the same dies)., gVF, well centered, toned, obverse struck with a worn die, some marks and scratches, weight 17.105 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 270o, Syracuse mint, c. 478 - 475 B.C.; obverse slow quadriga driven right by male charioteer holding goad, Nike above flying right crowning horses; reverse ΣYP-AKO-ΣI-ON (beginning 3:30, 1st Σ reversed), head of Arethusa right, hair turned up behind under diadem of beads, wearing bead necklace, surrounded by four dolphins swimming clockwise; ex Numismatica Ars Classica auction 59 (4 Apr 2011), lot 1571Joe Sermarini
Sicily,_Syracuse,_Agathokles_to_Hiketas,_AE_21_~0.jpg
GREEK, Sicily, Syracuse, Hiketas II, 287-278 BC, AE 21 173 viewsWreathed head of Kore right; ΣYPA in right field. / Charioteer in biga galloping right, star above, ΠX in exergue.
SNG ANS 763 var. (torch symbol on obverse; X in exergue of reverse).
(21 mm, 9.41 g, 5h)
3 commentsLloyd T
08 Ć19 Hiketas.jpg
GREEK, SICILY, SYRACUSE, Hiketas, AE1935 viewsCeca: Siracusa (Sicilia)
Datación: 288-279 aC (Hiketas)
Valor: Ć19
Catálogo: Calciati 154; Sear Greek Coins 1211; Lindgren 581; BMC 2.468
Conservación: MBC
Metal: Ć
Peso: 6,44 gr.
Diámetro: 22,50 mm.
Anverso: Cabeza laureada del joven Zeus Hellanius. Delante leyenda, detrás rayo.
Reverso: Águila de pie a izquierda sobre rayo, alas abiertas.
Juan B
09 Ć23 Pirro.jpg
GREEK, SICILY, SYRACUSE, Pyrrhus, AE2352 viewsCeca: Siracusa (Sicilia)
Datación: 278-276 aC (Pirro)
Valor: Ć23
Catálogo: Calciati 177
Conservación: MBC
Metal: Ć
Peso: 9,88 gr.
Diámetro: 23 mm.
Anverso: Cabeza de Hércules con piel de león a izquierda. (EYPAKOSION)
Reverso: Atenea Promachos avanzando a derecha blandiendo lanza y escudo. Detrás símbolo tridente.
Juan B
86210q00.jpg
GREEK, Sicily, Syracuse, Second Democracy, 466 - 405 B.C.30 viewsSH86210. Silver tetradrachm, Boehringer Series XVIIa, 586 (V291/R396); SNG ANS 189 (same dies); McClean 2670 (same); Pozzi 582 (same); HGC 2 1313, gVF, fine style, lightly toned, well centered, tight flan as always for the type, light bumps and marks, light porosity, slight die shift on reverse, pre-strike casting sprue remnant, weight 16.999 g, maximum diameter 26.1 mm, die axis 135o, Syracuse mint, c. 440 - 430 B.C.; obverse Charioteer driving quadriga right, Nike flying right above crowning horses, ketos right in exergue; reverse ΣYPAKOΣON, head of Arethusa right, hair bound with wide taenia, four dolphins swimming around; ex CNG auction 102 (18 May 2016), lot 143; ex Allan Smith M.D. Collection; ex CNG auction 81 (20 May 2009), lot 162; rare; $3000.00Joe Sermarini
85694p00.jpg
GREEK, Sicily, Syracuse, Second Democracy, 466 - 405 B.C.20 viewsSH85694. Silver tetradrachm, Boehringer Series XXII, 672 (V338/R459); SNG ANS 222 (same dies); BMC Sicily, p. 162, 123 (same); Jameson 778 (same); Pozzi 586 (same); HGC 2 1320, VF, fine classical style, obverse die wear, bumps and scratches, somewhat ragged tight flan, weight 16.769 g, maximum diameter 26.7 mm, die axis 90o, Syracuse mint, c. 430 - 420 B.C.; obverse slow quadriga driven right by male charioteer holding kentron and reins, Nike above flying right crowning horses; reverse ΣYPAKOΣION, head of Arethusa right, earring, necklace, hair bound with taenia and wound four times around; four dolphins swimming aroundJoe Sermarini
Syracuse tetradrachm.jpg
GREEK, SICILY, Syracuse, Tetradrachm169 viewsSyracuse Tetradrachm
Deinomenid Heiron
Struck ca. 470 BC.
3 commentsJan Terje Rafdal
07 Estátera Siracusa.jpg
GREEK, SICILY, SYRACUSE, Timoleón124 viewsDatación: 344-339/8 aC. Tercera Democracia, Timoleón
Valor: Estátera
Catálogo: Calciati 2/1, Pegasi 2; SNG ANS 494
Conservación: MBC-
Metal: AG
Peso: 8,31 gr.
Diámetro: 20-21 mm.
Anverso: Atenea a derecha.
Reverso: Pegaso a izquierda
Notas: Retrato ligeramente descentrado de Atenea. Acuńación floja sobre Pegaso y piernas delanteras parcialmente fuera de flan.
1 commentsJuan B
83514q00.jpg
GREEK, Sicily, Syracuse, Timoleon, 344 - 336 B.C.21 viewsGI83514. Bronze hemidrachm, Calciati II p. 168, 72 st3/7; SNG ANS 477 ff.; SNG Cop 727; HGC 2 1440 (S), VF, green patina, edges earthen encrusted, reverse double struck, weight 15.872 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 90o, Syracuse mint, c. 342 - 338 B.C.; obverse ZEYΣ EΛEYΘEPTOΣ, laureate head of Zeus Eleutherios right; reverse ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, thunderbolt, eagle on right standing right with wings closedJoe Sermarini
Dolphins1.jpg
GREEK, Sicily, Syracuse.75 viewsCirca 395 BC. AE Drachm (32.64 gm). Obv.: SURA, head of Athena left, wearing Corinthian helmet, olive wreath on bowl. Rev.: sea-star between two dolphins.1 commentsseleukoy
Boehringer_156_(plate_coin).jpg
GREEK, SICILY, Syracuse. Deinomenid Tyranny. 485-466 BC. AR Tetradrachm, struck ca. 480-475 BC.20 viewsBoehringer, Die Münzen von Syrakus, 1929 and reprint 1974, Plate 7, # 156

SICILY, Syracuse. Deinomenid Tyranny. 485-466 BC. AR Tetradrachm, struck ca. 480-475 BC.
16.93 g, 24 mm, 12 h, test cut.

Obverse: Charioteer driving slow quadriga right, holding kentron and reins; above, Nike flying right, crowning horses.

Reverse: ΣVRAK—ΟΣΙ—O—N, Head of Arethusa right, wearing pearl diadem, surrounded by four dolphins swimming clockwise.

Reference: Boehringer # 156 (V70/R108) (this coin), Prinz Waldeck # 488 (this coin), SNG ANS # 44

Pedigree:
- Ex-Prince (Fürst) Waldeck of Arolsen collection # 488.
- Berlin Coin Cabinet between ca. 1921 - 1931 (plaster casts were made).
- Boehringer plate coin # 156 ("Die Münzen von Syrakus", 1929).
- Ex-Münzhandel Basel, Vente publique N° 4, 1st of October, 1935, Lot # 488.
- Ex-Heinz Rühmann Collection (famous German movie actor).
- Ex-Gerhand Hirsch Nachfolger, Auction 332, 20th of September, 2017, Lot # 2069.
- Ex-Stock; Dealer Hamborg, Bernd.
- The Asena Collection (Burak Cebeci), purchased at Dortmund Coin Fair, 01.09.2019.
- Illustrated on Wildwinds as Boehringer 156 (http://wildwinds.com/coins/greece/sicily/syracuse/deinomenid/t.html)
Istinpolin
Syracus_tetradracme.jpg
GREEK, SICILY. Syracuse. Deinomenid Tyranny. 485-466 BC. AR Tetradrachm65 viewsSICILY. Syracuse. Deinomenid Tyranny. 485-466 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm - 17.08 g). Struck under Hieron I, circa 478-475 BC
Hoover 1307
2 commentsKarsten K
GAE404_O.jpg
Greek, Zeus, Syracusan Imitation Ptolemaic Diobol of Hieron II ca. 265BC216 viewsPtolemy II Philadelphos - Syracuse Issue of Hieron II - Diobol - 285/246BC
AE 26.9-28.4mm : 14.736gm : 2h
OBV - Laureate Zeus facing right
REV - Eagle standing on thunderbolt facing left, wing open, head facing left, no leg monogram, shield in left field, N control letter behind eagle tail at right. BASILEOS right, PTOLEMAIOY left
REF - Svoronos 619
NOTE - This type actually struck in Syracuse by Hieron II ca. 265BC. New research just published on this subject (2007). The paper that presents this new attribution is available online at www.ptolemybronze.com.
1 commentsPtolemAE
Agathocles.jpg
Greek-Sicily, Syracuse-Agathocles (317-289 BCE)0 viewsMetal/Size: AE21; Weight: 6.3 grams; Denomination: Hemilitron; Mint: Syracuse, Sicily; Date: 317-310 BCE; Obverse: Head of Kore-Persephone left, crowned with ears of corn; to left, ΣΥΡΑKOΣIΩN. Reverse: Bull butting left; dolphins left above and below. No sign of symbols. References: Sear #1195; CNS 96; HGC 2, #1444; SNG ANS #566.museumguy
agatocles.jpg
GREEK.39 viewsAE Litra. Syracuse. (Sicily). Agathokles. Circa 295 BC. 9,12 grs. 10 h. Head of Artemis Soteria right, wearing triple-pendant earring and necklace, quiver over shoulder. ΣOTEIPA /
Winged thunderbolt . ΑΓΑΘΟΚΛΕΟΣ above, ΒΑΣΙΛΕOΣ below.
CNS II, 142 .
benito
LarryW2209.jpg
GS Sicily, Syracuse, c. 250-215 BC178 viewsSilver 5 litrae, 18.3mm, 4.43g, nice VF
Reign of Hieron II 275-215 BC
Veiled head of Queen Philistis left, palm fond right / BAΣIΛIΣΣAΣ ΦIΛIΣTIΔOΣ Nike driving Biga left, E. in left field. Very dark green patina nearing black and translucent. RCOA
Ex: Private sale; Atlantis; ADM Collection; Ratto, 1929, lot 213
BMC p. 214, #559v; SNG ANS 893 (same dies)
2 commentsLawrence Woolslayer
LarryW2357.jpg
GS Sicily, Syracuse, c. 250-215 BC108 viewsSilver 5 litrae, 19.4mm, 4.48g, gVF
Reign of Hieron II 275-215 BC
Diademed and veiled head of Philistis left, wreath behind / BAΣIΛIΣΣAΣ ΦIΛIΣTIΔOΣ, winged Nike driving slow biga right; MI Above. RCOA
Ex: Freeman & Sear; Dr. J.H. Judd Collection, Leu 13, lot 133, 1976; R.C. Lockett Collection, Glendining, 1955, lot 920; Dr. S. Pozzi Collection, Naville I, lot 660, 1921.
BMC p. 215, 562; Pozzi 660 (this coin); SNG Lockett 1015 (this coin)
1 commentsLawrence Woolslayer
41348Syracuse,_Sicily,_c__405_B_C_,_KIMON_.jpg
Hemilitron, c. 405 B.C. Arethusa/ wheel of four spokes, “SU-RA” & two dolphins; KIMON?10 viewsSyracuse, Sicily, c. 405 B.C., KIMON? Bronze hemilitron, SGCV I 1186; Calciati II p. 45, 19, VF, Syracuse mint, 2.833g, 15.9mm, 270o, c. 405 B.C.; obverse head of Arethusa left, hair bound with ampyx and sphendone, signature KIM in low field to right; reverse, wheel of four spokes, “ΣΥ−ΡΑ” in upper quarters, two dolphins in lower quarters. The master-engravers who signed their work in gold and silver also engraved dies for bronze coins. This coin is unsigned or the signature is off flan. While the engraver is uncertain, this beautiful coin does exhibit the superb style of Kimon. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
syracuse_hemilitron.jpg
Hemilitron, c. 415 - 405 B.C. AE 16.1mm; Arethusa/ wheel of four spokes, “SU-RA” & two dolphins10 viewsSyracuse, Sicily, c. 415 - 405 B.C. Bronze hemilitron, SGCV I 1186; Calciati II p. 45, 19, VF, nice green patina, Syracuse mint, 3.503g, 16.1mm, 180o, c. 415 - 405 B.C.; obverse head of Arethusa left, hair bound with ampyx and sphendone, dolphin behind; reverse, wheel of four spokes, “SU-RA” in upper quarters, two dolphins in lower quarters. Although no signature is visible, the style is that of the master engraver Phrygillos. Ex FORVMPodiceps
arethusa.jpg
Hemilitron, c. 415 - 410 B.C. AE 16; Arethusa/ Wheel of four spokes & dolphins10 viewsSyracuse, Sicily, c. 415 - 410 B.C. Bronze hemilitron, SGCV I 1186, Fine, rough, 3.484 g, 16.1 mm, 315o, obverse Head of Arethusa left, hair in sphendone; reverse SY RA, Wheel of four spokes, dolphins in bottom two quarters. ex FORVMPodiceps
hiero_II.jpg
Hieron II65 viewsSicily, Syracuse. Hieron II, 275-215 BC, AE 26 Litra.
Obverse- Diademed head of Hieron II left.
Reverse- Horseman prancing right, holding spear. Monogram in lower right field. In exergue: IEPONOS.
Sear 1222 var; SNG ANS 924, 26mm, 16.5g.
b70
D9.jpg
Hieron II (274-216 BC)- Tyrant of Syracuse, Magna Græcia æ57 viewsObverse:
Head of Poseidon left, wearing diadem, border of dots

Reverse:
Ornamental trident head (with scroll decoration between prongs) dolphins to the left and right,
'HIERON' across, below

Diameter: 19mm

Weight: 6.50g
Xerxes King of Kings
Hieron_II_Equestrian_3c.jpg
Hieron II * Equestrian Warrior, Syracuse, Sicily * 274-216 BC. Æ drachm262 views
Hieron II * Equestrian Warrior, Syracuse, Bronze drachm

Obv: Portrait head of the young Hieron II, hair bound with tainia, left-facing with wreath behind.
Rev: Mounted warrior galloping right with couched lance, cloak flowing behind. Α, below horse's raised right fore-leg.

Exergue: ΙΕΡΩNΟΣ

Mint: Syracuse
Struck: 274-216 BC.

Size: 28 mm.
Weight: 17.82 grams
Die axis: 270°

Condition: Gorgeous coin. Beautiful olive green patina, nicely centered and well-struck. Great relief and details. Rather illusory 'disfigurement' on the portrait, due to wear of the relief on the outer form of the ear. This ear is nevertheless still present and discernable on close inspection. A prize to my private collection.

Refs:*
B.M.C. 2.583
SNG ANS 957
Sear GCATV, 1221(v), pg. 126
Calciati II, 195 (Ds 42), pg. 376

4 commentsTiathena
Heiron_II_Poseidon_12a.jpg
Hieron II * Poseidon | Trident * Syracuse, Sicily * 274-216 BC. Æ drachm78 views
Hieron II * Poseidon and Trident, Syracuse, Bronze drachm

Obv: Poseidon, bearded and left-facing, diademed, or hair bound with kelp-garland(?), locks hanging lose over ears and neck.
Rev: Ornate Trident centered between two dolphins in upper left and right fields, both vertical and oriented towards the bottom; ornate patterned swirls suggesting waves between central and outermost prongs of the trident, left and right.
Below, ΙΕΡ to the left of the trident staff, and Ω[NΟΣ] to the right.
( Spelling out the name of the issuing King – ΙΕΡΩNΟΣ - (Hieron II) ).

Exergue: ΙΕΡΩ[NΟΣ]

Mint: Syracuse
Struck: 274-216 BC.

Size: 21.48 mm x 21.80 mm.
Weight: 8.58 grams
Die axis: ca. 350°

Refs:*
Sear, 1223
SNG ANS 998 (var)?
Calciati II pg. 371, 195
SNG Morcom 827 var.
SNG Copenhagen 846 var.
1 commentsTiathena
syracuse_02.jpg
Hieron II AE Hemilitron71 viewsObv: Diademed head of Hieron II left.
Rev: IEPΩNOΣ - Mounted horseman galloping right, holding spear, monogram to right.
Cat #: SNG Cop 842
1 commentsoa
hieron_II.jpg
Hieron II horseman16 viewsSyracuse, Sicily, Reign of Hieron II, c. 275 - c. 215 B.C. Bronze AE 27, Syracuse mint, 17.731g, 26.8mm, 135o; obverse diademed head of Hieron II left; reverse “IERWNOS”, helmeted horseman prancing right, holding crouched spear in right. Cf. SNG ANS 923 - 948, SGCV I 1221 var. ex FORVMkaitsuburi
hieron_2.jpg
Hieron II horseman (2)12 viewsSyracuse, Sicily, Reign of Hieron II, c. 275 - c. 215 B.C, Bronze AE 27, cf. SNG ANS 909 - 922, SGCV I 1221 var, corrosion, 18.866g, 26.3mm, 180o, Syracuse mint; obverse laureate head of Hieron II left; reverse IERWNOS, helmeted horseman prancing right, holding crouched spear in right; ex FORVMkaitsuburi
Syracuse_1a_img.jpg
Hieron II, 275 - 215 B.C., Syracuse, Ae 1929 viewsObv:– Head of Poseidon left.
Rev:– IERW-NOS, ornamented trident, dolphins at sides, AP lower right
Minted in Syracuse, 275 - 215 B.C.
Reference:– Calciati II p. 395, 197 ff. var (various control marks, none AP); SNG Cop 844 ff. var (same)
maridvnvm
hieron_k.jpg
Hieron II, 275-215 BC7 viewsĆ19, 6.5g, 12h; Syracuse mint.
Obv.: Diademed head of Poseidon left.
Rev.: Ornamented trident head, dolphin downward flanking on each side, ΙΕΡΩ−ΝΟΣ in lower field divided by shank.
Reference: BMC Sicily p. 218, 588 ff.; SNG Cop 844 ff. / 16-411-50
John Anthony
Hieron_k~0.jpg
Hieron II, 275-215 BC8 viewsĆ20, 7.2g, 6h; Sicily, Syracuse.
Obv.: Diademed head of Poseidon left.
Rev.: IERΩ-NOS, trident head flanked by two dolphins.
Reference: SNG ANS 964ff; Calciati II pg. 370, 194 / 17-138-55
John Anthony
vapaa_hepo.jpg
Hieron II, AE 14; female/ horse15 viewsSyracuse, Sicily, Reign of Hieron II, c. 275 - c. 215 B.C. Bronze AE 14, SNG ANS 1021, 3.582g, 13.5mm, 45o, Syracuse mint; obverse female head left; reverse IERWNOS, horse prancing right; undersized flan; ex FORVMkaitsuburi
hiron_II_trident.jpg
Hieron II, AE 19.3mm; Poseidon left/ “ΙΕΡΩ−ΝΟΣ”, ornamented trident, dolphins at sides21 viewsSyracuse, Sicily, Hieron II, 275 - 215 B.C. Bronze AE 20, SNG Cop 844 ff., SGCV I 1223, aVF, Syracuse mint, 6.749g, 19.3mm, 45o, obverse head of Poseidon left; reverse “ΙΕΡΩ−ΝΟΣ”, ornamented trident, dolphins at sides. Ex FORVMPodiceps
Hieron_II_bull.jpg
Hieron II, AE 19.8mm; Head of Persephone left/ Bull left, club over letter17 viewsSyracuse, Sicily, Hieron II, c. 275 - c. 215 B.C. Bronze AE 19, SGCV I 1218 var, aVF/F, Syracuse mint, 5.413g, 19.8mm, 225o, c. 275 - c. 215 B.C.; obverse head of Persephone left, wearing earring and necklace, hair rolled and bound with barley wreath; reverse, bull butting left, club over letter above. Ex FORVMPodiceps
hieron_II~2.jpg
Hieron II, AE 26.5mm; head of Hieron left, beardless/ horseman right11 viewsSyracuse, Sicily, Hieron II, 275 - 215 B.C. Bronze AE 27, SGCV I 1221, VF, Syracuse mint, 16.142g, 26.5mm, 270o, c. 275 - 215 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Hieron left, beardless; reverse “[IERWNOS]”, horseman prancing right, holding couched spear; low relief strike, partially uncleaned. Ex FORVMPodiceps
Hieron_II.jpg
Hieron II, BMC 612, 275-215 BC, Syracuse, Sicily11 viewsHead of Poseidon left, hair bound in a taenia. Ornamented trident between two dolphins.

IEP-ONOS
Hieron II
Jonathan N
hieron_II~0.jpg
Hieron II, Poseidon/ Trident, AE 149 viewsSyracuse, Sicily, Hieron II, 275 - 215 B.C. Bronze AE 14, Calciati II p. 418, 208 Ds 44; SNG ANS 5, 1049; SNG Morcom 834; SNG Cop -, aF, porous, Syracuse mint, 2.270g, 14.2mm, 0o, obverse head of Poseidon left; reverse [“ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΩΝ”], ornamented trident, dolphins at sides; rare. Ex FORVMPodiceps
hieron_II~1.jpg
Hieron II, Poseidon/ Trident, AE 1913 viewsSyracuse. Hieron II. Ć 19mm. Diademed head of Poseidon left / Ornamented trident head flanked by two dolphins. Near VF. Ex VauctionsPodiceps
4219_4220.jpg
Hieron II, Tetras, ΙΕΡΩΝΟΕ 15 viewsAE Tetras
Greek Provincial
Syracuse, Sicily
Hieron II
Tyrant: 275 - 215BC
20.0mm 7.54gr, 2h
O: NO LEGEND; Diademed head of Poseidon, left.
R: ΙΕΡΩΝΟΕ; Trident flanked by dolphins.
Exergue: Θ, bottom left field; Φ, bottom right field.
Calciati 197; SNG ANS 987.
Agora Auctions Auction 26, Lot 035.
2/10/15 4/30/17
Nicholas Z
4221_4222.jpg
Hieron II, Tetras, ΙΕΡΩΝΟΣ10 viewsAE Tetras
Greek Provincial
Syracuse, Sicily
Hieron II
Tyrant: 275 - 215BC
19.1mm 5.51gr, 12h
O: NO LEGEND; Diademed head of Poseidon, left.
R: ΙΕΡΩΝΟΣ; Trident flanked by dolphins.
Calciati 194; SNG ANS 965 BMC 612; Sear Greece 1223 (No field marks.).
Agora Auctions Auction 26, Lot 034
2/10/15 4/30/17
Nicholas Z
hieron.jpg
Hieron II, Tyrant of Syracuse, 275 - 215 BC.58 viewsBronze AE 20.
Obverse- Head of Poseidon left.
Reverse- “IER-WNOS”, ornamented trident, dolphins at sides.
SNG Cop 844 ff.
6.745g, 20.33mm, 225o, Syracuse mint.
1 commentsb70
hieronII.jpg
Hieron II: Poseidon/ Trident & dolphins9 viewsSyracuse, Sicily, Hieron II, 275 - 215 B.C. Bronze AE 17, SNG Cop 844 ff., SGIC I 1223, aVF, rough green patina, Syracuse mint, 5.668 g, 18.4 mm, 225o, obverse head of Poseidon left; reverse IERW-NOS, ornamented trident, dolphins at side. ex FORVMPodiceps
hieron_II_calciati_190.JPG
Hieron II; Æ 21; Persephone/ Bull & dolphins16 viewsSicily, Syracuse. Hieron II. 274-216 BC. Ć 21mm, 8.65g. Head of Persephone left wearing wreath of grain ears; cornucopia behind / Bull butting left; dolphin above, dolphin in exergue. Calciati 190. ex areich, photo credit areichPodiceps
83152q00_Hieron_II_Bull.jpg
Hieron II; Head of Persephone l./ bull butting left, club over A? above, IE in ex; AE1714 viewsSyracuse, Sicily, Hieron II, c. 274 - c. 216 B.C. Bronze AE 17, BMC Sicily 219, 616 ff. (various monograms); SNG Cop 860 ff., Syracuse mint, 3.277g, 17.5mm, 135o, obverse “ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΩΝ”, head of Persephone left, wearing earrings and necklace, hair rolled and bound with barley wreath, flower stalk behind; reverse, bull butting left, club over A? above, IE in ex. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
Siracusa_Hiketas.jpg
Hiketas (Syracuse)15 viewsZeus' head / Eagle
diam 20 mm
288-278 bC
Calciati 154
antvwala
Hiketas_eagle~0.jpg
Hiketas, AE, Beardless and laureate head of Zeus Hellanios left/ eagle left on fulmen, wings open12 viewsSyracuse, Sicily, Hiketas, 288 - 279 B.C. Bronze AE 22, Calciati II p. 301, 154 ff.; BMC p. 204, 468 ff.; SGCV I 1211, aVF, Syracuse mint, 3.973g, 19.6mm, 0o, 288 - 279 B.C.; obverse “ΔΙΟΣ ΕΛΛΑΝΙΟΥ”, beardless and laureate head of Zeus Hellanios left, dot border; reverse “ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΩΝ”, eagle standing left on fulmen, wings open. Ex FORVMPodiceps
Hiketas.jpg
Hiketas, Calciati 157v, 287 – 278 BC, Syracuse, Sicily10 viewsLaureate head of Zeus Hellanios left; trophy behind. Eagle standing left on thunderbolt.

Remnants of SURAKOSIWN on back.
Of the Syracusans
Jonathan N
hiketas_biga.jpg
Hiketas; AE 21, Kore right/ Nike driving biga right8 viewsSYRACUSE. Hiketas 287-278 B.C. 9,3g. 21mm. Obs: Head of Kore right, wearing grain ear wreath. Rev: Charioteer, holding kentron in extended right hand, reins in left, driving fast biga right. Sear GCV II 1210v. Podiceps
Hiketas,_Nike.jpg
Hiketas; AE 23, Kore left/ Nike driving biga right10 viewsSYRACUSE. Hiketas 287-278 B.C. Bronze AE 23, Calciati II, p. 259, 123, VF detail, pitting, Syracuse mint, weight 10.570g, maximum diameter 22.9mm, die axis 270o, 287 - 278 B.C.; obverse head of Kore left, wreathed in grain, stalk of grain behind; reverse Nike driving biga right, whip in right, reigns in left, star above; Ex FORVMPodiceps
Sicily_Himera_SNG-ANS4_155_gf.jpg
Himera. Tyranny of Theron & Thrasydaios13 viewsSicily, Himera. 480-470 BC. AR Didrachm (8.79 gm). Cock standing l. HIMERA to l. / Crab.  nEF.  Westermark & Jenkins Himera #4; SNG ANS 4 #155ff; SNG Cop 1 #302-303; SNG Lloyd 1011-1012; BMC 2 24; ACNAC: Dewing 613-614, Rosen 55; HGC 2 #438. cf. Nomos 1 #20 (same dies).
Theron of Akragas and Gelon of Syracuse defeated Carthage in the Battle of Himera in 480 BC. Theron deposed the local tyrant of Himera and ruled over the city. The pairing of the crowing rooster on the obverse (Himera’s name means ‘day break’) and the crab of Akragas on the reverse aptly captures this political situation. Theron's son, Thrasydaios, succeeded him as tyrant in 472 BC, but Thrasydaios was defeated in battle by Hieron of Syracuse in 470 BC. The Carthaginians had their revenge in 408 BC when Himera was utterly destroyed.
1 commentsAnaximander
hippocamp.JPG
hippocamp57 viewsSyracuse Litra Sear Greek 11931 commentsGhengis_Jon
hippocamp17.JPG
Hippocamp235 viewsAthena & Hippocamp; Syracuse 400 BC; Sear 1193(?)Ghengis_Jon
Hippocamp_Sicily.png
Hippocampus26 viewsSicily, Syracuse?

A nice surprise from an uncleaned lot.
I like the detail that remains on the hippocamp, and the eye slits on Athena's hoplite helmet.
2 commentsBanjaxed
6132419.jpg
Italy, Sicily, Syracuse - amphitheatre159 viewsJohny SYSEL
6132400.jpg
Italy, Sicily, Syracuse - Ear of Dionysius165 viewscave in stone quarries, also used as prisons in ancient timesJohny SYSEL
6132396.jpg
Italy, Sicily, Syracuse - greek theatre156 viewsbuilt in the 5. century BC
15000 spectrators
one of the largest greek theatres
Johny SYSEL
6132469.jpg
Italy, Sicily, Syracuse - temple of Apollo143 viewsfrom 6. century BC
adapted to a church in Byzantine times and to a mosque under Arab rule
Johny SYSEL
6132482.jpg
Italy, Sicily, Syracuse - temple of Athena174 viewsbuilt in 480 BC
in 7. century AD adapted to basilica
Johny SYSEL
KnidosCaria.jpg
Knidos, Caria, c. 465 - 449 B.C59 viewsSilver drachm, Cahn 80 (V38/R53), SNG Keckman 132 (same dies), SNG Cop 232 (same dies), aVF, toned, Knidos mint, weight 6.057g, maximum diameter 16.5mm, die axis 270o, c. 465 - 449 B.C.; obverse forepart of roaring lion right; reverse archaic head of Aphrodite right, hair bound with taenia, within incuse square; ex Barry P. Murphy

CARIA, Knidos. Circa 465-449 BC. AR Drachm - 16mm (6.06 g). Obverse: forepart of roaring lion right; Reverse: archaic head of Aphrodite right, hair bound with taenia. Cahn 80 (V38/R53); SNG Helsinki 132 (same dies); SNG Copenhagen 232 (same dies). Toned, near VF, good metal. Ex Barry P. Murphy.

While this coin falls within the time frame that numismatists call "Classical" Greek coinage, I have chosen to place it in both the "Archaic" (coin 020a) and "Classical" Greek sections of my collection. This specimen is one of those wonderful examples of transition--it incorporates many elements of the "Archaic" era, although it is struck during the "Classical" Greek period and anticipates characteristics of the later period.

As noted art historian Patricia Lawrence has pointed out, "[this specimen portrays] A noble-headed lion, a lovely Late Archaic Aphrodite, and [is made from]. . . beautiful metal." The Archaic Aphrodite is reminiscent of certain portraits of Arethusa found on tetradrachms produced in Syracuse in the first decade of the 5th century BC.

Knidos was a city of high antiquity and as a Hellenic city probably of Lacedaemonian colonization. Along with Halicarnassus (present day Bodrum, Turkey) and Kos, and the Rhodian cities of Lindos, Kamiros and Ialyssos it formed the Dorian Hexapolis, which held its confederate assemblies on the Triopian headland, and there celebrated games in honour of Apollo, Poseidon and the nymphs.

The city was at first governed by an oligarchic senate, composed of sixty members, and presided over by a magistrate; but, though it is proved by inscriptions that the old names continued to a very late period, the constitution underwent a popular transformation. The situation of the city was favourable for commerce, and the Knidians acquired considerable wealth, and were able to colonize the island of Lipara, and founded a city on Corcyra Nigra in the Adriatic. They ultimately submitted to Cyrus, and from the battle of Eurymedon to the latter part of the Peloponnesian War they were subject to Athens.

In their expansion into the region, the Romans easily obtained the allegiance of Knidians, and rewarded them for help given against Antiochus by leaving them the freedom of their city.

During the Byzantine period there must still have been a considerable population: for the ruins contain a large number of buildings belonging to the Byzantine style, and Christian sepulchres are common in the neighbourhood.

Eudoxus, the astronomer, Ctesias, the writer on Persian history, and Sostratus, the builder of the celebrated Pharos at Alexandria, are the most remarkable of the Knidians mentioned in history.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cnidus

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsCleisthenes
Kroton2.jpg
Kroton - AR triobol7 viewsc. 430-420 BC
Pegasos left
Ϙ
tripod with 3 ring handles and legs ending in lion’s paws
ϘPO
HN Italy 2127, SNG Cop 1788
ex Sol

Kroton had the rather curious practice of issuing fractions bearing reverse types taken from the coinage of other cities: such as, among others, the Pegasus of Corinth (complete with the letter koppa below), the hare of Messana and the octopus of Syracuse.
Johny SYSEL
coins73.JPG
Kyme, Aeolis35 viewsCumae (Cuma, in Italian) is an ancient Greek settlement lying to the northwest of Naples in the Italian region of Campania. The settlement is believed to have been founded in the 8th century BC by Greeks from the city of Cuma and Chalkis in Euboea upon the earlier dwellings of indigenous, Iron-Age peoples whom they supplanted. Eusebius placed Cumae's Greek foundation at 1050 BC. Its name comes from the Greek word kyma (κύμα), meaning wave - perhaps in reference to the big waves that the peninsula of Κyme in Euboea has.

There is also a small, modern Greek Euboean city called Kύμη (Kyme or Cuma or Cyme) as well as the nearby recently excavated ancient Greek city of Cuma [1], the source point for the Cumae alphabet. According to a myth mentioned by Aristotle and Pollux, princess Demodike (or Hermodike) of Kyme, is the inventor of money. (Aristot. fr. 611, 37; Pollux 9, 83,[2])

Cumae was the first Greek colony on the mainland of Italy (Magna Graecia), there having been earlier starts on the islands of Ischia and Sicily by colonists from the Euboean cities of Chalcis (Χαλκίς) and possibly Eretria (Ερέτρια) or Cuma (Kύμη).

Cumae is perhaps most famous as the seat of the Cumaean Sibyl. Her sanctuary is now open to the public. The colony was also the entry point onto the Italian peninsula for the Cumean alphabet, a variant of which was adapted by the Romans.

The colony spread throughout the area over the 6th and centuries BC, gaining sway over Puteoli and Misenum and, thereafter, the founding of Neapolis in 470 BC.

The growing power of the Cumaean Greeks, led many indigenous tribes of the region, notably the Dauni and Aurunci with the leadership of the Capuan Etruscans. This coalition was defeated by the Cumaeans in 524 BC under the direction of Aristodemus. The combined fleets of Cumae and Syracuse defeated the Etruscans at the Battle of Cumae in 474 BC.

Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, the last mythical King of Rome, lived his life in exile at Cumae after the establishment of the Roman Republic.

Cumae was also a place where a widely influential early Christian work The Shepherd of Hermas was said to have been inspired by way of visions.

The colony was built on a large rise, the seaward side of which was used as a bunker and gun emplacement by the Germans during World War II.

In Roman mythology, there is an entrance to the underworld located at Avernus, a crater near Cumae, and was the route Aeneas used to descend to the Underworld


Kyme in Aeolis, c.350-250 BC, Ae 9-16 mm, cf. Sear 4186-7

Obv: Eagle
Rev: One handled vase (or cup, it is upside down in photo)
From Ebay

Check
ecoli
LeoIV_ConstantineV.jpg
Leo III AE Follis18 viewsLeo III
AE Follis
Rv: Λ - E/O/N Δ - E/C/Π - Leo III, bearded, standing facing, in crown & chlamys, & holding akakia
Ob: - Constantine V, beardless, standing facing, in crown & chlamys & holding akakia.
Mint: Syracuse (751-775AD)
References: Sear BCV 1531, Spahr 321

Joint reign with Constantine V
Scotvs Capitis
lg_LeoIV_Constantine.jpg
Leo III and Constantine V AE Follis18 viewsLeo III and Constantine V
AE Follis 2.41g / 17mm / -
Λ - E/O/N Δ - E/C/Π - Leo III, bearded, standing facing, in crown & chlamys, & holding akakia
- Constantine V, beardless, standing facing, in crown & chlamys & holding akakia.
Mint: Syracuse (751-775AD)
References: Sear BCV 1531; Spahr 321
Joint reign with Constantine V
Scotvs Capitis
Leo_III,_SBCV_1930.JPG
Leo III, SBCV 153010 viewsLegend garbled
Facing bust of Leo with short beard, wearing crown and chlamys, holding globus cruciger and akakia
Facing bust of Constantine with beardless, wearing crown and chlamys, holding globus cruciger and akakia, sitting on horizontal line, M below [SC/L] off flan
AE follis, 22mm, 2.01g
Syracuse
novacystis
BYZ-Leo_V-3.jpg
Leo V “The Armenian,” AE18 Follis. Syracuse Mint.15 viewsAD 813-820
3.13 grams
Obv.: LEON, crowned facing bust of Leo, wearing loros, holding cross potent; Λ to r.
Rev.: Crowned facing bust of Constantine, wearing chlamys, holding cross on globe; cross to right.
SB 1637
Purchased on eBay
NGC Ch XF: Strike: 4/5: Surface: 4/5
Richard M10
lokris_opuntia_Jenkins266-7_a.jpg
Lokris, Lokris Opuntia Jenkins 266-764 viewsLokris, Lokris Opuntia, c.380-338 BC
AR - hemidrachm, 15mm, 2.4g
obv. Head of Demeter/Persephone (or Artemis/Arethusa?), wearing earring,
necklace and wreath from corn-ears, l., so-called Euainetos type.
rev. [OPON - TIWN]
Ajas, nude, except crested Corinthian helmet and shield, advancing r. with
pulled out short sword, below spear laying.
Jenkins (1972) 266-7; Brett 959-961

Euainetos was a famous die cutter from Syracuse c.400 BC. The obv. portrait imitates his style.

For more information look at the thread 'Coins of mythological interest'
1 commentsJochen
Michael_II,_SBCV_1652.JPG
Michael II, SBCV 165216 viewsmIXAHL S ΘEOF
Facing busts of Michael in Chlamys and Theophilus in loros
Large M, Cross above, Θ below
Syracuse mint
AE follis, 26mm, 3.62g

Holed
novacystis
sb1697_8_18mm198g.jpg
MICHAEL III. 842-867 AD. Ć Follis 8 viewsObverse: MIXAHL ^ or b, crowned facing bust of Michael, wearing loros and holding
cross potent
Reverse: Large M; cross above, theta below.s
Mint: Syracuse
18mm; 1.98g
SB 1697 or 8.
wileyc
leoV_const.jpg
Nicephorus I AE Follis55 viewsNicephorus I
AE Follis
Ob: N - I/K/H - Bust of Nicephorus facing, with short beard, wearing crown and loros, and holding cross potent; to l., N; to r., I/K/H
Rv: C - T/A/V - Facing bust of Stauracius, beardless, wearing crown and chlamys, and holding globe cross; to l.
Mint: Syracuse (801-811 AD)
References: Sear BCV 1612, Dumbarton Oaks 11
Scotvs Capitis
lg_nicephorus.jpg
Nicephorus I and Stauracius AE Follis60 viewsNicephorus I and Stauracius
AE Follis 2.35g / 18.25mm / -
N - I/K/H - Bust of Nicephorus facing, with short beard, wearing crown and loros, and holding cross potent; to l., N; to r., I/K/H
C - T/A/V - Facing bust of Stauracius, beardless, wearing crown and chlamys, and holding globe cross; to l.
Mint: Syracuse (801-811 AD)
References: Sear BCV 1612; Dumbarton Oaks 11
Scotvs Capitis
didius_severus_ensemble.jpg
PADUAN, Didius Julianus16 viewsMédaillon de DIDIUS JULIANUS (193).

Padouan coulé (after cast)

Avers : IMP CAES M DID SEVERVS IVLIAN AVG PP , drapé, cuirassé ŕ droite.
Revers : Quadrige lancé au galop ŕ gauche, l'aurige cour. par la Victoire volant ŕ droite. Exergue : ·COS·II·/ S·C·.
Trou de suspension.
Ref.: Lawrence, 67; Klawans, 99, 2.

Le revers copie le type des tétradrachmes de Syracuse.
Diamčtre : 38 mm | Poids : 52,4 g
Vamp
0524177.jpg
Pegasus - Apollo, Sicily, Syracuse Bronze14 viewsCirca 274-216 BCE
Obverse: Laureate head of Apollo left.
Reverse: Pegasus flying left; below, D
SNG ANS 647, Calciati 85,
19.8 mm., 4.8g
sold 1-2018
NORMAN K
PHILISTIS-1.jpg
Philistis, wife of Hieron II.157 viewsAR 5 litrae (4.46 gm).
Syracuse, Sicily, 270-230 BCE.
Obv: Diademed and veiled head left, palm branch behind.
Rev: BASILISSAS FILISTIDOS, Nike driving biga to left, E in l. field.
SNG ANS 893; SNG III (Lockett) 1017; Forrer 196.
EmpressCollector
Ptolemy_II_s623.jpg
Ptolemy II Philadelphos, 26.4mm, Syracuse, Svoronos 6239 viewsPtolemy II Philadelphos, 285 - 246 B.C. Bronze diobol, Svoronos 623, SNG Cop 118, VF/F, Syracuse mint, 16.137g, 26.4mm, 225o, c. 265 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse “PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS”, eagle with wings open, standing left on thunderbolt, head left, shield left, “F” behind tail. Ex FORVMPodiceps
PtolemyII_s610_II.jpg
Ptolemy II Philadelphos, 27.3mm, Syracuse, Svoronos 610, Type II24 viewsPtolemy II Philadelphos, 285 - 246 B.C. Bronze diobol, Svoronos 610, Type II (solid reverse border), SNG Cop 114, Weiser 18, Fair/VF, Syracuse mint, 17.017g, 27.3mm, 0o, c. 275 - 260 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse “PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS”, eagle with wings open, standing left on thunderbolt, head left, shield left, no symbol between legs. Ex FORVM Podiceps
S610,_type_I.jpg
Ptolemy II Philadelphos. Bronze diobol, Syracuse. Svoronos 610, Type I13 viewsPtolemy II Philadelphos, 285 - 246 B.C. Bronze diobol, Svoronos 610, Type I (dotted reverse border), SNG Cop 114, Weiser 18, VF, Syracuse mint, 16.708g, 26.3mm, 0o, c. 275 or 260 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse “ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ”, eagle with wings open, standing left on thunderbolt, head left, shield left, no symbol between legs; partly uncleaned, green patina. Ex FORVMPodiceps
S610,_type_II.jpg
Ptolemy II Philadelphos. Bronze diobol, Syracuse. Svoronos 610, Type II10 viewsPtolemy II Philadelphos, 285 - 246 B.C. Bronze diobol, Svoronos 610, Type II (circular reverse border), SNG Cop 114, Weiser 18, VF, Syracuse mint, 16.614g, 25.8mm, 0o, c. 275 - 260 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse “ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ”, eagle with wings open, standing left on thunderbolt, head left, shield left, no symbol between legs. Ex FORVMPodiceps
pyrrhos.jpg
Pyrrhos, King of Epiros, AE24; Head of Herakles left/ Athena Promachos advancing right10 viewsSyracuse, Sicily, Reign of Pyrrhos, King of Epiros, 278 - 276 B.C. Bronze AE 24, SGCV I 1213 var, gF, 9.695g, 24.5mm, 0o, 278 - 276 B.C.; obverse “ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΩΝ”, head of Herakles left, clad in lion-skin head-dress; reverse, Athena Promachos advancing right, hurling javelin and holding shield. In 279 B.C., Pyrrhus' forces, supporting the Greek cities of southern Italy, met and defeated the Romans at the battle of Asculum in Apulia. Pyrrhus, however, lost many men, several close associates, and all of his baggage. When one of his soldiers congratulated him on his victory, he famously replied: 'Another such victory and we are ruined!' From this we have the term Pyrric victory, a victory achieved at ruinous cost. Ex FORVMPodiceps
pyrrhus~0.jpg
Pyrrhus54 viewsPyrrhus, Syracuse Sicily, AE23, 278-276 BC.
Obverse- Bust of Heracles left, “SURAKOSIWN”.
Reverse- Athena Promachos right with shield and throwing spear, trident in left field.
Calciati 177, 10.5 g.
1 commentsb70
IMG_9307.JPG
Pyrrhus, Syracuse, Sicily13 viewsSICILY, Syracuse. Pyrrhus. 278-276 BC. Ć 24mm (10.41 gm). Head of Herakles left, wearing lion's skin headdress / Athena Promachos standing right, holding thunderbolt overhead in right hand, shield on left arm; owl before. SNG ANS 847; SNG Copenhagen 809. ecoli
10200777.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Anonymous, AR Sestertius - Crawford 44/772 viewsRome. The Republic.
Anonymous, 212-208 BCE
AR Sestertius (1.0g; 12mm).
Rome Mint.

Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma, right; IIS (mark of value) behind.

Reverse: Dioscuri galloping right with spears; two stars above; ROMA below in linear frame.

References: Crawford 44/7; Sydenham 142; BMCRR 13-18.

Provenance: Ex Volteia Collection [CNG 102 (18 May 2016), Lot 777]; ex August Voirol Collection [Munzen und Medaillen 38 (6-7 Dec 1968), Lot 105].

The IIS mark of value denotes that the coin is worth 2 asses + a semis, or 2.5 asses. This quarter-denarius denomination was part of the introduction of the denarius coinage following the Roman sack of Syracuse. The subsequent reduction in the weight standard and size of the bronze coinage eliminated the need for this tiny silver denomination, and it was soon discontinued. However, the denomination would be resurrected for short times during the Social War and Imperatorial eras.
4 commentsCarausius
15298628759841071975609.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Didrachm - Quadrigatus (Crawford 42/1) - VERY RARE14 viewsRome. The Republic.
Corn-Ear Series, 214-212 BCE.
AR Didrachm-Quadrigatus (6.82g; 21mm).
Unknown Sicilian Mint.

Obverse: Laureate Janiform head of the Dioscuri.

Reverse: Jupiter and Victory in fast quadriga galloping right; corn ear below; ROMA in linear frame in exergue.

References: Crawford 42/1; Sydenham 66 (R8); BMCRR 108.

Provenance: Ex Naville Numismatics 41 (24 Jun 2018) Lot 389; ex NAC 50 (4 Apr 2011), Lot 1729; purchased from Freeman & Sear, before 2011.

The last few series of Roman silver didrachm coinage, produced from 225-212 BCE, are nicknamed "quadrigati" because of the common reverse type of Jupiter and Victory in a fast quadriga. Crawford's arrangement of quadrigati into distinct series requires a great amount of study to understand. Collectors and dealers alike often misattribute quadrigati among Crawford's series.

The Crawford 42 series of quadrigati, to which this example belongs, is the rarest of all the quadrigati series. In his study of the 42 series quadrigati, Charles Hersh could only locate 33 examples of the type. Based on the corn-ear control symbol, the series was likely struck somewhere in Sicily, perhaps during Rome’s Second Punic War offensive against Syracuse, from 214-212 BCE. While Crawford puts this series last in order of his various quadrigati series, it is likely they were produced near the same time as the debased, lightweight quadrigati that ended the Crawford 28 series. The coins are generally of debased style and metal, thought their weight is good, and in this regard they are similar to Crawford 31 quadrigati. Stylistically, the series 42 quadrigati typically display well-defined, separated “J”-shaped sideburns, with horizontal hairs, on the Janiform head. Neck truncations range from open C curve (as on this example) to straight and V truncations. On the reverse, Jupiter's thunderbolt is entirely within the line border, angle of the horses is on tbe low-side, and ROMA is always in relief in a linear frame. The type usually has a corn-ear on the reverse beneath the quadriga; however, “anonymous” versions of this series, without corn-ears but stylistically identical to the corn-eared coins, are known.
Carausius
1681997l.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Semi-incuse Early AR Denarius - Second Punic War - Crawford 44/541 viewsRome, The Republic.
Anonymous, ca. 212 BCE
Rome Mint
AR Denarius (4.48g)

Obv: Head of Roma in splayed-visor helmet, facing right; X (mark of value = 10 asses) behind.

Rev: Dioscuri galloping right with couched spears; two stars above; ROMA, semi-incused, below.

Reference: Crawford 44/5; Sydenham 167; RSC Anonymous 1a.

Provenance: ex NAC 84 Part II (21 May 2015), Lot 1622.

This example is among the earliest of the very first denarii issue by the Roman Republic, circa 212 BCE. From 218-212 BCE, the excessive cost of the war with Hannibal and Carthage had necessitated debasement of Rome's silver quadrigatus coinage and several weight standard reductions in the bronze coinage. It was possibly the sack of Syracuse in 212 BCE that provided the silver infusion that Rome needed to reform their debased currency and introduce the denarius system. The earliest denarii had a semi-incuse ROMA inscription on the reverse, as seen here, reminiscent of the fully-incuse and semi-incuse inscriptions on the earlier quadrigati coinage. This early-style inscription was soon replaced by a relief inscription within a linear frame.
2 commentsCarausius
isis.jpg
Roman Rule 212 - 189 BC, AE 21, Head of Isis/ headdress of Isis12 viewsFORVM Syracuse Sicily Roman Rule 212 - 189 BC, AE 19, Calciati II p. 432, 237; SNG ANS 1093, gF, green patina, Syracuse mint, 6.473g, 21.1mm, 0o, 212 B.C.; obverse head of Isis right, wreathed in grain, wearing solar disc headdress; reverse ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΟΝ, the headdress of Isis (solar disc framed by two bull horns and two stalks of grain at the base, two tall plumes behind); scarce. Ex FORVMPodiceps
roman_sicily_12.jpg
Roman Rule, 212 - 133 B.C. AE 12, Apollo & flower/ tripod with lebes10 viewsSyracuse, Sicily, Under Roman Rule, 212 - 133 B.C. AE 12, Calciati II p. 419, 212 Ds 51, F, green patina, Syracuse mint, 4.473g, 19.3mm, 0o, c. 212 - 133 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo left, flower behind head; reverse ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΩΝ, Tripod with lebes (cauldron). Ex FORVMPodiceps
Roman_Syracuse_Nike.jpg
Roman Rule, AE 20; Ares right/ Nike with bull prostate 7 viewsSyracuse, Sicily, Roman Rule, c. 204 - 133 B.C. Bronze AE 20, Calciati II, p. 430, 233; SNG Cop 910; SNG ANS 1087, F, 10.024g, 22.5mm, 0o, obverse helmeted head of Ares right; reverse “ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΩΝ”, Nike, facing, wings spread, preparing to sacrifice bull prostate below. Ex FORVMPodiceps
roman_syracuse_demeter.jpg
Roman Rule, AE 20; Kore/ Demeter8 viewsSyracuse, Sicily, Roman Rule, c. 212 - 133 B.C. Bronze AE 20, Calciati II 231, SNG Cop 911, SNG ANS 1092, F, green patina, Syracuse mint, 8.661g, 21.5mm, 0o, obverse head of Kore right, wreathed in stalks of grain; reverse “SURAKOSIWN”, Demeter standing left, torch in right, scepter in left. Ex FORVMPodiceps
roman_sicily_21.jpg
Roman Rule, AE23; 212 - c. 189 B.C. Zeus/ Nike in biga7 viewsSyracuse, Sicily, Under Roman Rule, 212 - c. 189 B.C. AE 21, Calciati II, p. 425, 227/6 (reverse die match), F, pit on each side, Syracuse mint, 8.447g, 23.0mm, 0o, obverse laureate head of Zeus left; reverse “ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΩΝ” in ex, Nike in galloping biga right. Ex FORVMPodiceps
Sicily_cop_897.jpg
Roman Rule, AE25; Zeus/ simulacrum standing in a quadriga7 viewsSyracuse, Sicily, Roman Rule, c. 212 B.C. - 133 B.C. Bronze AE 25, Calciati 230, SNG Cop 897, VF detail, rough, 9.938g, 27.5mm, 0o, obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse “ΣΥΡΑ/ΚΟΣΙΩΝ”, simulacrum standing in a quadriga; rare. ex FORVMPodiceps
roman_sicilyAE_15.jpg
Roman Rule, Æ 15; Artemis/ nude female8 viewsSyracuse, Sicily, Roman Rule, c. 212 B.C. - 133 B.C. Bronze AE 15, Calciati II p. 433, 238, aVF, dark patina, Syracuse mint, 7.725g, 19.0mm, 0o, obverse radiate bust of Artemis right, quiver at shoulder; reverse “ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΩΝ”, nude female figure standing right, branch in left, wreath in right. ex FORVMPodiceps
sb1208_634g20mm.jpg
SBC 1208 AE Follis9 viewsObj: Bust of Constantine facing, with short beard,
holding spear over shoulder and shield
Rev: Large M, flanked by co-emperors
Tiberius and Heraclius, monogram above, mintmark SCL below
Mint: Syracuse
Date: 668-685 CE
6.34g, 20mm
SB 1208; DO 61: MIB 106
wileyc
sb1209_272g19mm.jpg
SBC 1209 AEFollis14 viewsObverse: Constantine IV standing facing, wearing helmet and cuirass, and holding spear.
Reverse: Large M between standing figures of Heraclius on l. and Tiberius
on r., each wearing crown and chlamys, and holding globe cross; above,
monogram; in exergue, SCL.
Mint: Syracuse
Date 674-681 CE
SB1209, DO 62
2.72g, 19mm
wileyc
sbvc1211_21mm3_07g.png
SBVC 1211 AE follis constantine IV9 viewsObv: Constantine IV, helmeted, cloaked and cuirassed, standing facing, holding spear and cross on globe
Rev: Large M, 35 monogram above mintmark SCL.
Mint: Syracuse
Date: 668-685 CE
SBVC 1211, DOC 64.
3.07g;21mm
wileyc
Sear_1103.jpg
Sear 110311 viewsConstans II (641 – 668 CE) Follis, weight 4.72g, diameter 23 x 20mm. Mint of Syracuse.Abu Galyon
CsIIDO9a(H).jpg
Sear 1103 - Follis - 641-647 AD - Syracuse mint - 1st officina16 viewsEmperor: Constans II (r. 641-668 AD)
Date: 641-647 AD
Condition: Fine/aFine
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: [ - ]
Bust facing, beardless, wearing chlamys and crown with cross. In right hand, globus cruciger.

Reverse: ""; To left, //; To right, ///.
Exergue: Large ""; To left, .

Syracuse mint, first officina
DO 9a (Heraclonas); Sear 1103
4.42g; 23.2mm; 225°
Pep
CsIISear1103_Beta.jpg
Sear 1103 - Follis - 641-647 AD - Syracuse mint - 2nd officina15 viewsEmperor: Constans II (r. 641-668 AD)
Date: 641-647 AD
Condition: Fair
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: [
Bust facing, beardless, wearing chlamys and crown with cross. In right hand, globus cruciger.

Reverse: ""; To left, //; To right, ///.
Exergue: Large ""; To left, .

Syracuse mint, second officina
Sear 1103
4.05g; 23.2mm; 210°
Pep
CsIISear1103_Delta.jpg
Sear 1103 - Follis - 641-647 AD - Syracuse mint - 4th officina15 viewsEmperor: Constans II (r. 641-668 AD)
Date: 641-647 AD
Condition: VF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: ] - [ ]
Bust facing, beardless, wearing chlamys and crown with cross. In right hand, globus cruciger.

Reverse: ""; To left, //; To right, ///.
Exergue: Large ""; To left, .

Syracuse mint, fourth officina
Sear 1103
4.83g; 23.0mm; 225°

Ex ArtCoins Roma
Pep
CsIIDO9c(H).jpg
Sear 1103 - Follis - 641-647 AD - Syracuse mint - 5th officina19 viewsEmperor: Constans II (r. 641-668 AD)
Date: 641-647 AD
Condition: aVF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: -
Bust facing, beardless, wearing chlamys and crown with cross. In right hand, globus cruciger.

Reverse: ""; To left, //; To right, ///.
Exergue: Large ""; To left, .

Syracuse mint, fifth officina
DO 9c (Heraclonas); Sear 1103
6.75g; 26.7mm; 195°
Pep
CsIIDO9e(H).jpg
Sear 1103 - Follis - 641-647 AD - Syracuse mint - Blank36 viewsEmperor: Constans II (r. 641-668 AD)
Date: 641-647 AD
Condition: Fine
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: -
Bust facing, beardless, wearing chlamys and crown with cross. In right hand, globus cruciger.

Reverse: ""; To left, //; To right, ///.
Exergue: Large ""; To left, blank.

Syracuse mint
DO 9e (Heraclonas); Sear 1103
4.22g; 23.7mm; 210°
Pep
CsIIDO9d(H).jpg
Sear 1103 - Follis - 641-647 AD - Syracuse mint - Cross15 viewsEmperor: Constans II (r. 641-668 AD)
Date: 641-647 AD
Condition: Fine
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: -
Bust facing, beardless, wearing chlamys and crown with cross. In right hand, globus cruciger.

Reverse: ""; To left, //; To right, ///.
Exergue: Large ""; To left, cross.

Syracuse mint
DO 9d (Heraclonas); Sear 1103
4.65g; 26.0mm; 195°
Pep
Sear_1104.jpg
Sear 110436 viewsConstans II (641 – 668 CE) Follis, weight 5.3g, diameter 26 x 20mm. Mint of Syracuse.Abu Galyon
CsIIDO176.jpg
Sear 1104 - Follis - 641-647 AD - Syracuse mint30 viewsEmperor: Constans II (r. 641-668 AD)
Date: 641-647 AD
Condition: VF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Bust facing, beardless, wearing chlamys and crown with cross. In right hand, globus cruciger.

Reverse: Large ""; Above,

Syracuse mint
DO 176; Sear 1104
4.68g; 25.2mm; 165°
1 commentsPep
Sear_1105.jpg
Sear 110520 viewsConstans II (641 – 668 CE) Follis, weight 4.22g, diameter 25mm. Mint of Syracuse.Abu Galyon
CsIIDO177a.jpg
Sear 1105 - Follis - 647-648 AD - Syracuse mint15 viewsEmperor: Constans II (r. 641-668 AD)
Date: 647-648 AD
Condition: aVF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Bust facing, with dotted beard, wearing chlamys and crown with cross. In right hand, globus cruciger.

Reverse: Large ""; Above,

Syracuse mint
DO 177a; Sear 1105
4.32g; 25.6mm; 165°
Pep
CsIIDO177b.jpg
Sear 1106 - Follis - 648-650 AD - Syracuse mint16 viewsEmperor: Constans II (r. 641-668 AD)
Date: 648-650 AD
Condition: aFine
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Bust facing, with short beard, wearing chlamys and crown with cross. In right hand, globus cruciger.

Reverse: Large ""; Above,

Syracuse mint
DO 177b; Sear 1106
4.54g; 27.0mm; 165°
Pep
CsIIDO178.jpg
Sear 1107 - Follis - 650-651 AD (Year 10) - Syracuse mint25 viewsEmperor: Constans II (r. 641-668 AD)
Date: 650-651 AD (Year 10)
Condition: VF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Bust facing, with long beard, wearing chlamys and crown with cross on circlet. In right hand, globus cruciger.

Reverse: Large "M"; Above,
Exergue: SCL

Syracuse mint
DO 178; Sear 1107
4.98g; 26.4mm; 165°

Overstruck on an earlier coin of Constans II.
Pep
Sear_1108.jpg
Sear 110824 viewsConstans II (641 – 668 CE) Follis, weight 4.2g, diameter 24mm. Mint of Syracuse; struck in 652/3 [I A = 11th indication].Abu Galyon
CsIIDOC179.jpg
Sear 1108 - Follis - 652-653 AD (Indictional Year 11) - Syracuse mint48 viewsEmperor: Constans II (r. 641-668 AD)
Date: 652-653 AD (Indictional Year 11)
Condition: EF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Constans standing, facing, with long beard, wearing chlamys and crown with cross. In right hand, globus cruciger. To left, I/N/; to right, I/.

Reverse: Large "M"; Above, cross.
Exergue: SCL

Syracuse mint
DO 179; Sear 1108
3.85g; 25.2mm; 180°

Overstruck on an earlier Syracusan Follis of Constans II.
Pep
Sear_1109.jpg
Sear 110917 viewsConstans II (641 – 668 CE) Follis, weight 4.84g, diameter 25mm. Mint of Syracuse. Uncertain undertype, probably an earlier Constantinopolitan issue of Constans II.Abu Galyon
CsIIDO180.jpg
Sear 1109 - Follis - 654-659 AD - Syracuse mint32 viewsEmperor: Constans II (r. 641-668 AD)
Date: 654-659 AD
Condition: aEF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
To left, Constans standing, facing, with long beard, wearing cuirass and crown with cross. In right hand, long staff; left hand on hip. To right, Constantine, standing, facing, beardless, wearing chlamys and crown with cross. In right hand, globus cruciger.

Reverse: Large ""; Above,
Exergue:

Syracuse mint
DO 180; Sear 1109
4.18g; 23.9mm; 165°
1 commentsPep
Sear_1110.jpg
Sear 111042 viewsConstans II (641 – 668 CE) Follis, weight 4.7g, diameter 22mm. Mint of Syracuse. 1 commentsAbu Galyon
CsIIDOC181.jpg
Sear 1110 - Follis - 659-668 AD - Syracuse mint27 viewsEmperor: Constans II (r. 641-668 AD)
Date: 659-668 AD
Condition: aVF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
To left, Constans standing, facing, with long beard, wearing cuirass and crown with cross. In right hand, long cross; left hand on hip. To right, Constantine, standing, facing, beardless, wearing chlamys and crown with cross. In right hand, globus cruciger.

Reverse: Large "M"; Above,
To left, Heraclius, to right, Tiberius, standing, facing; each wearing chlamys and crown with cross. In right hand, globus cruciger.
Exergue: SCL

Syracuse mint
DO 181; Sear 1110
4.51g; 24.4mm; 180°
Pep
CsIIDOC183.jpg
Sear 1113 - Half Follis - 651-652 AD (Indictional Year 10) - Syracuse mint33 viewsEmperor: Constans II (r. 641-668 AD)
Date: 651-652 AD (Indictional Year 10)
Condition: VF/Fine
Denomination: Half Follis

Obverse: No legend
Bust facing, with long beard, wearing chlamys and crown with cross. In right hand, globus cruciger.

Reverse: Large ""
To left, /N; To right, I.

Syracuse mint
DO 183; Sear 1113
4.41g; 22.2mm; 165°
Pep
Sear_1114.jpg
Sear 111430 viewsConstans II (641 – 668 CE) Half-follis, weight 2.21g, diameter 20mm. Mint of Syracuse, struck in 660/1 [= indiction Δ]; overstruck on an earlier follis of Constans II, probably type Sear 1109.Abu Galyon
Sear_1114_[2].jpg
Sear 11149 viewsConstans II (641 – 668 CE) Half-follis, weight 3.26g, diameter 17mm. Mint of Syracuse, struck in 660/1 [= indiction Δ]; Abu Galyon
CsIIDO184.jpg
Sear 1114 - Half Follis - 660-661 AD (Indictional Year 4) - Syracuse mint21 viewsEmperor: Constans II (r. 641-668 AD)
Date: 660-661 AD (Indictional Year 4)
Condition: VF
Denomination: Half Follis

Obverse: No legend
Busts of Constans II, with long beard, and Constantine IV, beardless, facing; each wearing chlamys and crown with cross.

Reverse: Large ""; To left, //; To right, //.

Syracuse mint
DO 184; Sear 1114
2.62g; 23.0mm; 180­°

Overstruck on a previous Follis of Constans II ("" and on reverse)

Ex CNG, Ex D. Alighieri Collection
Pep
CsIIDO185.jpg
Sear 1115 - Decanummium - 651-652 AD (Indictional Year 10) - Syracuse mint30 viewsEmperor: Constans II (r. 641-668 AD)
Date: 651-652 AD (Indictional Year 10)
Condition: aEF/VF
Denomination: Decanummium

Obverse: No legend
Bust facing, with long beard, wearing chlamys and crown with cross. In right hand, globus cruciger.

Reverse: Large "I"
To left, /N; To right, N/O/I.

Syracuse mint
DO 185; Sear 1115; MIB 214
3.19g; 16.9mm; 180°

Ex Dr. Michael Metlich Collection
Pep
CsIISear1115A.jpg
Sear 1115A - Decanummium - 660-661 AD (Indictional Year 4) - Syracuse mint165 viewsEmperor: Constans II (r. 641-668 AD)
Date: 660-661 AD (Indictional Year 4)
Condition: EF
Denomination: Decanummium

Obverse: No legend
Bust facing, with long beard, wearing chlamys and crown with cross. In right hand, globus cruciger.

Reverse: Large ""
To left, //; To right, //.

Syracuse mint
Sear 1115A; MIB 215; Berk 702
1.46g; 14.0mm; 195°

Ex Gemini VII
Pep
ConIVDO40.jpg
Sear 1184 - Pentanummium - 668-673 AD - Constantinople mint25 viewsEmperor: Constantine IV (r. 668-685 AD)
Date: 668-673 AD
Condition: aVF
Denomination: Pentanummium

Obverse: No legend
Bust 3/4 facing, beardless, wearing cuirass and helmet with plume. In right hand, spear held behind head.

Reverse: Large "".

Constantinople mint
DO 40; Sear 1184
2.46g; 22.6mm; 180°

Overstruck on a Constans II Follis from Syracuse (DO 179; Sear 1108) (/ on obverse, on reverse; 150° to each other).
Pep
ConIVDO60.jpg
Sear 1207 - Follis - 668-674 AD - Syracuse mint33 viewsEmperor: Constantine IV (r. 668-685 AD)
Date: 668-674 AD
Condition: Fine/aEF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Bust facing, beardless, wearing cuirass and helmet with plume. In right hand, globus cruciger.

Reverse: Large ""; Above,
To left and right, Heraclius and Tiberius standing, each wearing chlamys and crown with cross, and holding globus cruciger.
Exergue:

Syracuse mint
DO 60; Sear 1207
3.87g; 26.5mm; 180°
Pep
Sear_1208.jpg
Sear 120811 viewsConstantine IV Pogonatus (668 – 685 CE) Follis, weight 4.71g, diameter 20mm. Mint of Syracuse. Abu Galyon
ConIVDO61.jpg
Sear 1208 - Follis - 674-681 AD - Syracuse mint17 viewsEmperor: Constantine IV (r. 668-685 AD)
Date: 674-681 AD
Condition: VF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Bust 3/4 facing, with short beard, wearing cuirass and helmet with cross, plume, and diadem, the ties of which are visible to the left. In right hand, spear held behind head; on left shoulder, shield with horseman device.

Reverse: Large ""; Above,
To left and right, Heraclius and Tiberius standing, each wearing chlamys and crown with cross, and holding globus cruciger.
Exergue:

Syracuse mint
DO 61; Sear 1208
5.56g; 21.6mm; 195°
Pep
Sear_1209.jpg
Sear 120921 viewsConstantine IV Pogonatus (668 – 685 CE) Follis, weight 1.64g, diameter 23mm. Mint of Syracuse. Traces of at least two undertypes; very thin flan. Abu Galyon
ConIVDO62.jpg
Sear 1209 - Follis - 674-681 AD - Syracuse mint29 viewsEmperor: Constantine IV (r. 668-685 AD)
Date: 674-681 AD
Condition: aVF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Emperor standing, facing, wearing cuirass and helmet with cross and plume. In right hand, spear; left hand on hip.

Reverse: Large "M"; Above,
To left and right, Heraclius and Tiberius standing, each wearing chlamys and crown with cross, and holding globus cruciger.
Exergue: SCL

Syracuse mint
DO 62; Sear 1209
7.656g; 21.4mm; 180°
Pep
ConIVDO63.jpg
Sear 1210 - Follis - 681-685 AD - Syracuse mint22 viewsEmperor: Constantine IV (r. 668-685 AD)
Date: 681-685 AD
Condition: VF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Bust 3/4 facing, with short beard, wearing cuirass and helmet with plume and diadem, the ties of which are visible to the left. In right hand, spear held behind head; on left shoulder, shield with horseman device.

Reverse: Large "M"; Above,
Exergue: SCL

Syracuse mint
DO 63; Sear 1210
4.38g; 20.9mm; 180°
Pep
ConIVDO64.jpg
Sear 1211 - Follis - 681-685 AD - Syracuse mint19 viewsEmperor: Constantine IV (r. 668-685 AD)
Date: 681-685 AD
Condition: aVF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Emperor standing, facing, wearing cuirass, paludamentum, and helmet with plume. In right hand, spear; in left, globus cruciger.

Reverse: Large ""; Above,
Exergue:

Syracuse mint
DO 64; Sear 1211
5.05g; 21.9mm; 195°
Pep
ConIVDO67.jpg
Sear 1214 - Half Follis - 674-681 AD - Syracuse mint76 viewsEmperor: Constantine IV (r. 668-685 AD)
Date: 674-681 AD
Condition: Fine
Denomination: Half Follis

Obverse: No legend
Bust 3/4 facing, bearded, wearing cuirass and helmet with plume and diadem, the ties of which are visible to left. In right hand, spear held behind head.

Reverse: Large ""; To left, //; To right, //; Above, cross.

Syracuse mint
DO 67; Sear 1214
1.08g; 17.6mm; 195°
Pep
JnnIIDO53.jpg
Sear 1294 - Follis - 685-695 AD - Syracuse mint32 viewsEmperor: Justinian II (First Reign: 685-695 AD)
Date: 685-695 AD
Condition: VF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Bust facing, bearded, wearing jeweled robe and crown with cross. In left hand, globus cruciger; in right, akakia.

Reverse: Large ""; Above,
Exergue:

Syracuse mint
DO 53; MIB III 67; Sear 1294
4.320g; 22.2mm; 195°
Pep
JnnIIDO54.jpg
Sear 1295 - Follis - 685-695 AD - Syracuse mint20 viewsEmperor: Justinian II (First Reign: 685-695 AD)
Date: 685-695 AD
Condition: Fine/Fair
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Bust facing, bearded, wearing "blanket-like" chlamys and crown with cross. In right hand, globus cruciger.

Reverse: Large ""; Above,
Exergue:

Syracuse mint
DO 54; Sear 1295
3.77g; 22.0mm; 165°
Pep
JnnIIDO55.jpg
Sear 1296 - Follis - 685-695 AD - Syracuse mint22 viewsEmperor: Justinian II (First Reign: 685-695 AD)
Date: 685-695 AD
Condition: aFine
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Bust facing, bearded, wearing chlamys and crown with cross. In right hand, globus cruciger; in left, akakia. In field left, branch; in right, star above branch.

Reverse: Large ""; Above,
Exergue:

Syracuse mint
DO 55; Sear 1296
3.53g; 21.4mm; 15°
Pep
JnnIIDO57.jpg
Sear 1297 (1st Reign) - Follis - 705-706 AD (Indictional Year 4) - Syracuse mint55 viewsEmperor: Justinian II (Second Reign: 705-711 AD)
Date: 705-706 AD (Indictional Year 4)
Condition: aVF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Bust facing, bearded, wearing elaborate cloak and crown with cross. In right hand, globus cruciger; in left, akakia.

Reverse: Large ""; Above,
To left and right, cross; Beneath, .
Exergue: SCL

Syracuse mint
DO 57 (1st reign); Sear 1297 (1st reign); MIB 48b
4.79g; 20.2mm; 180°

Ex Dr. Michael Metlich Collection
Pep
JnnIIDO58.jpg
Sear 1298 - Follis - ca. 686 AD - Syracuse mint19 viewsEmperor: Justinian II (First Reign: 685-695 AD)
Date: ca. 686 AD
Condition: aFine
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Emperor standing, bearded, wearing tightly fastened chlamys and crown with cross. In right hand, globus cruciger.

Reverse: Large ""; Above,
Exergue:

Syracuse mint
DO 58; Sear 1298
4.22g; 24.5mm; 180°
Pep
JnnIIDO59.jpg
Sear 1299 (1st Reign) - Follis - 706-707 AD (Indictional Year 5) - Syracuse mint31 viewsEmperor: Justinian II (Second Reign: 705-711 AD)
Date: 706-707 AD (Indictional Year 5)
Condition: aFine
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Emperor standing, bearded, wearing open chlamys and crown with cross. In right hand, long cross; in left, akakia.

Reverse: Large "M"; Above,
To left and right, ; Beneath, .
Exergue: SCL

Syracuse mint
DO 59 (1st reign); Sear 1299 (1st reign); MIB 49
3.97g; 19.7mm; 180°
Pep
JnnIIDO60.jpg
Sear 1300 - Follis - 692-695 AD - Syracuse mint39 viewsEmperor: Justinian II (First Reign: 685-695 AD)
Date: 692-695 AD
Condition: VF/Fine
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Emperor standing, bearded, wearing loros and crown with cross. In right hand, long cross potent on two steps; in left, globus cruciger.

Reverse: Large ""; Above,
Beneath, .
Exergue:

Syracuse mint
DO 60; Sear 1300
3.04g; 22.6mm; 180°

Overstruck on a Justinian II Follis from Syracuse, 195°, DO 55; Sear 1296 (Bust with globus cruciger at 210° on reverse, star above branch to right. on obverse at 165°).
1 commentsPep
JnnIIDO61.jpg
Sear 1301 - Follis - 691-692 AD - Syracuse mint26 viewsEmperor: Justinian II (First Reign: 685-695 AD)
Date: 691-692 AD
Condition: aVF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Emperor standing, facing, bearded, wearing helmet (with plume) and military dress. In right hand, spear; in left, globus cruciger. In field right, plant. Reel border.

Reverse: Large ""; Above,
To left, //; To right, //
Exergue:

Syracuse mint
DOC 61; Anastasi 277; Spahr 224; MIB 71 var. (branch to left on obv.); SB 1301 var. (same)
6.71g; 23.5mm; 180°

Ex CNG, Ex D. Alighieri Collection
Pep
JnnIIDO62.jpg
Sear 1302 - Follis - 692-695 AD - Syracuse mint29 viewsEmperor: Justinian II (First Reign: 685-695 AD)
Date: 692-695 AD
Condition: VF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Emperor standing, facing, bearded, wearing helmet (with plume) and military dress. In right hand, spear; in left, globus cruciger.

Reverse: Large ""; Above,
Exergue:

Syracuse mint
DO 62; Sear 1302
5.48g; 24.5mm; 180°
Pep
JnnIIDO63.jpg
Sear 1303 - Follis - 694-695 AD (Indictional Year 8) - Syracuse mint68 viewsEmperor: Justinian II (First Reign: 685-695 AD)
Date: 694-695 AD (Indictional Year 8)
Condition: Fine/aFine
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Emperor standing, facing, bearded, wearing helmet (with plume) and elaborate robe, holding in right hand, akakia; in left, globus cruciger. In field left, star above palm; in field right, palm.

Reverse: Large ""; Above, ; To left, //; To right, //
Exergue:

Syracuse mint
DO 63; Sear 1303
2.74g; 27.2mm; 180°
Pep
JnnIIDO64.jpg
Sear 1304 - Follis - 692-693 AD - Syracuse mint70 viewsEmperor: Justinian II (First Reign: 685-695 AD)
Date: 692-693 AD
Condition: VF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Emperor facing, bearded, seated on throne with low arms, wearing chlamys and crown with cross. In right hand, globus cruciger; in left, akakia. In field right, star.

Reverse: Large ""; Above, ; To left and right, palm.
Exergue:

Syracuse mint
DO 64; Sear 1304; MIB 73
4.71g; 27.1mm; 180°

Ex CNG, Ex Kristov Collection
Pep
LeontDO17.jpg
Sear 1343 - Follis - 695-697 AD - Syracuse mint54 viewsEmperor: Leontius (r. 695-698 AD)
Date: 695-697 AD
Condition: aVF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Bust facing, bearded, wearing loros and crown with cross on circlet. In right hand, akakia; in left, globus cruciger.

Reverse: Large ""; Above,
Exergue:

Syracuse mint
DO 17; Sear 1343; MIB 36
4.20g; 21.0mm; 180°
Pep
LeontDO18.jpg
Sear 1344 - Follis - 695-698 AD - Syracuse mint42 viewsEmperor: Leontius (r. 695-698 AD)
Date: 695-698 AD
Condition: Fair
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Emperor standing, wearing loros and crown with cross. In right hand, akakia; in left, globus cruciger.

Reverse: Large ""; Above,
Exergue:

Syracuse mint
DO 18; Sear 1344
3.29g; 27.0mm; 180°
Pep
TibIIIDO32.jpg
Sear 1395 - Follis - 698-705 AD - Syracuse mint60 viewsEmperor: Tiberius III (Apsimar) (r. 698-705 AD)
Date: 698-705 AD
Condition: EF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Bust facing, wearing crown with cross. In right hand, spear held before body. On left shoulder, shield with horseman device. In field left, star.

Reverse: Large "M"; Above,
To left and right, palms.
Exergue: SCL

Syracuse mint
DO 32; Sear 1395
3.66g; 19.3mm; 180°
Pep
TibIIIDO33.jpg
Sear 1396 - Follis - 698-705 AD - Syracuse mint51 viewsEmperor: Tiberius III (Apsimar) (r. 698-705 AD)
Date: 698-705 AD
Condition: aVF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Emperor standing, facing, wearing crown with cross and long tunic. In right hand, long cross; in left, globus cruciger.

Reverse: Large "M"; Above,
To left and right, cross. Beneath, star.
Exergue: SCL

Syracuse mint
DO 33; BMC 18; Sear 1396
4.077g; 22.4mm; 180°
Pep
JnnIIDO56.jpg
Sear 1435 - Follis - 707-708 AD (Indictional Year 6) - Syracuse mint28 viewsEmperor: Justinian II (Second Reign: 705-711 AD)
Date: 707-708 AD (Indictional Year 6)
Condition: aFine
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Bust facing, bearded, wearing chlamys and crown with cross. In right hand, globus cruciger. In field right, large globule.

Reverse: Large ""; Above,
To left and right, star; Beneath, .
Exergue: ( or )

Syracuse mint
DO 56 (1st reign); Sear 1435; MIB 50
2.38g; 23.7mm; 165°
Pep
JnnII2ndSear1436_DO20.jpg
Sear 1436 - Follis - 705-711 AD - Syracuse mint31 viewsEmperor: Justinian II (Second Reign: 705-711 AD)
Date: 705-711 AD
Condition: Fine/Fair
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Bust facing, bearded, wearing loros and crown (with cross?). In right hand, cross potent on base and three steps; in left, globe surmounted by cross.

Reverse: Large ""; Above,
To left and right, cross.
Exergue:

Syracuse mint
Sear 1436; (DO 20 except for patriarchal cross on globe)
1.98g; 24.4mm; 180°
Pep
JnnII2ndDOC20bis.jpg
Sear 1437 - Follis - 705-711 AD - Syracuse mint66 viewsEmperor: Justinian II (Second Reign: 705-711 AD)
Date: 705-711 AD
Condition: Fair
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Busts of Justinian and Tiberius, facing, each wearing chlamys and crown with cross on circlet, and holding between them long cross potent on base.

Reverse: Large "M"; Above,
To left and right, cross.
Exergue: SCL

Syracuse mint
DO 20 bis; Sear 1437
2.303g; 21.5mm; 150°
Pep
JnnII2ndSear1438.jpg
Sear 1438 - Follis - 710 AD - Syracuse mint75 viewsEmperor: Justinian II (Second Reign: 705-711 AD)
Date: 710 AD
Condition: Fine/VF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Justinian (on left) and Tiberius (on right) standing, facing, each wearing chlamys and crown, holding a long cross with their right hand, and an akakia in their left hand.

Reverse: Large ""; Above,
To left and right, .
Exergue:

Syracuse mint
Sear 1438; MIB 52; Anastasi 360
2.05g; 17.8mm; 165°

Ex CNG, Ex D. Alighieri Collection
Pep
AnasIIDO13.jpg
Sear 1474 - Follis - 713-715 AD - Syracuse mint49 viewsEmperor: Anastasius II (Artemius) (r. 713-715 AD)
Date: 713-715 AD
Condition: aFine
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Bust facing, wearing chlamys and crown with cross. In right hand, globus cruciger; in left, akakia.

Reverse: Large ""; Above,
To left and right, palms.
Exergue:

Syracuse mint
DO 13; Sear 1474; MIB 31; Anastasi 384
3.40g; 29.0mm; 180°

Ex CNG
Pep
AnasIISear1475.jpg
Sear 1475 - Follis - 713-715 AD - Syracuse mint37 viewsEmperor: Anastasius II (Artemius) (r. 713-715 AD)
Date: 713-715 AD
Condition: Fair
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Emperor standing, facing, wearing loros and crown with cross on circlet. In right hand, long staff; in left, globus cruciger.

Reverse: Large ""; Above,
To left, , to right, .
Exergue:

Syracuse mint
Sear 1475
2.33g; 19.4mm; 165°
Pep
Sear_1531.jpg
Sear 153125 viewsLeo III the Isaurian (717 – 741 CE) Follis, weight 2.8g, diameter 17mm. Mint of Syracuse.Abu Galyon
LeoIIIDO55.jpg
Sear 1531 - Follis - ca. 731-741 AD - Syracuse mint24 viewsEmperor: Leo III (the Isaurian) (r. 717-741 AD)
Date: ca. 731-741 AD
Condition: aFine
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: Leo standing, facing, bearded, wearing chlamys and crown with cross. In right hand, akakia. To left, ///; To right, ///

Reverse: Constantine standing, facing, beardless, wearing chlamys and crown with cross. In right hand, akakia. To left, ///; To right, ///

Syracuse mint
DO 55; Sear 1531
1.35g; 16.0mm; 180°
Pep
Sear_1569.jpg
Sear 156934 viewsConstantine V Copronymus (741 – 775 CE) Follis, weight 1.8g, diameter 19 x 14mm. Mint of Syracuse. Abu Galyon
ConVDO19b.jpg
Sear 1569 - Follis - 751-775 AD - Syracuse mint25 viewsEmperor: Constantine V Copronymus (r. 741-775 AD)
Date: 751-775 AD
Condition: aEF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: Two half-length figures facing, Constantine V on left, bearded, Leo IV on right, beardless, each wearing chlamys and crown with cross, holding in right hand akakia. Between heads, cross. To left, ; To right, ///

Reverse: Half-length figure of Leo III facing, bearded, wearing chlamys and crown with cross, holding in right hand, cross potent on base. To left, ///; To right, ///

Syracuse mint
DO 19b; Sear 1569
3.01g; 20.1mm; 180°
Pep
LeoIVDO8.jpg
Sear 1590 - Follis(?) - 778-780 AD - Syracuse mint21 viewsEmperor: Leo IV (the Khazar) (r. 775-780 AD)
Date: 778-780 AD
Condition: Fine/Fair
Denomination: Follis(?)

Obverse: No legend
To left, Leo IV bearded, to right, Constantine VI beardless, seated facing on throne with curved arms. Each wears chlamys and crown with cross, and rests right hand in lap. Above, cross.

Reverse: No legend
To left, bust of Leo III, to right, bust of Constantine V, each facing, bearded, and wearing loros and crown with cross. Above, cross. Beneath, .

Syracuse mint
DO 8; Sear 1590
1.91g; 19.8mm; 180°
Pep
Sear_1635.jpg
Sear 163533 viewsLeo V the Armenian (813 – 820 CE) Follis, weight 3.67g, diameter 21mm. Mint of Syracuse. Abu Galyon
Sear_1635_[2].jpg
Sear 16358 viewsLeo V the Armenian (813 – 820 CE) Follis, weight 4.99g, diameter 19mm. Mint of Syracuse.Abu Galyon
Sear_1636.jpg
Sear 163630 viewsLeo V the Armenian (813-820 CE) Follis, weight 2.7 g, diameter 19mm. Mint of Syracuse.Abu Galyon
Sear_1637.jpg
Sear 163723 viewsLeo V the Armenian (813 – 820 CE) Follis, weight 2.65g, diameter 19mm. Mint of Syracuse. Abu Galyon
Sear_1638.jpg
Sear 163821 viewsLeo V the Armenian (813 – 820 CE) Follis, weight 1.6g, diameter 16mm. Mint of Syracuse.Abu Galyon
Sear_1652.jpg
Sear 165237 viewsMichael II the Amorian (820 – 829 CE) Follis, weight 3.91g, diameter 23mm. Mint of Syracuse.Abu Galyon
Sear_1652_[2].jpg
Sear 16529 viewsMichael II the Amorian (820 – 829 CE) Follis, weight 3.80g, diameter 25mm. Mint of Syracuse.Abu Galyon
Sear_1680.jpg
Sear 168025 viewsTheophilus (829 – 842 CE) Follis, weight 3.44g, diameter 20mm. Mint of Syracuse.Abu Galyon
RR_004_Vanquished.jpg
Second Punic War, Vanquished Enemy Overstrike, 211-204 B.C.60 views" This coin is from Andrew McCabe's group H1, a previously unrecognized late Second Punic War issue, overstruck on the coins of Rome's vanquished enemies, from a mint or mints in Southern Italy, Sicily or Sardinia. The most common undertype is Carthaginian Tanit / horse types, but coins of Capua, the Bretti, Syracuse and other coins of the vanquished were also overstruck. For reasons unknown, these coins were overstruck on types that weighed half the standard for the same denomination at Rome. In the past these coins were often assumed, based on their weight, to date to the late second century or first century B.C."

Bronze triens, McCabe Anonymous group H1, cf. Crawford 56/4 (Rome mint, normal weight), VF, overstruck, nice green patina, 6.827g, 20.5mm, 270o, Southern Italy, Sicily or Sardinia mint, 211 - 204 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Minerva right, four pellets above; reverse prow of galley right, ROMA above, four pellets below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection;
jimmynmu
Sicilia_-_Siracusa,_Agathokles_(317-289_a_C_),_Bronzo.jpg
Sicilia - Siracusa, Dionisio I (405-367 a.C.), 25 viewsBronzo nd, Testa di Aretusa a sinistra, Rov: Ruota 4 raggi Sira e due delfini AE (13 x 20 mm - 3.50g.), SNG ANS 411, Qualitŕ: patina verde chiara, BB. -------------------------------------------- Sicily - Syracuse, Dionysius I (405-367 BC), Bronze nd, Head of Arethusa left, Rov: 4 Wheel rays Sira and two dolphins AE (13 x 20 mm - 3.50g.) SNG ANS 411, _5009 soldAntonivs Protti
Sicilia,_Siracusa,_344-317_aC__Ć_Hemilitron.jpg
Sicilia, Siracusa, 344-317 aC. Ć Hemilitron 12 viewsTesta di Persefone a sinistra., Indossa la collana e triplo pendente orecchino. R / avancorpo alato di Pegasos a sinistra.; Σ sotto. CNS II p. 184, 79; SNG ANS 530. Patina verde. (14 X 16 mm, 4.57 g,). Sicily, Syracuse, 344-317 BC. Ć Hemilitron - VFHead of Persephone l., wearing necklace and triple-pendent earring. R/ Forepart of Pegasos l.; Σ below. CNS II p. 184, 79; SNG ANS 530. Green patina. (14 X 16mm, 4.57 g, ). _5009 soldAntonivs Protti
Sicilia__Siracusa__400_a_C__Hemilitra__D_Testa_di_Aretusa.jpg
Sicilia. Siracusa. 400 a.C. Hemilitra. 15 viewsD/ Testa di Aretusa verso sinistra. R/ Delfino e conchiglia SNG ANS 403. Peso 2,91 gr. Diametro 14 mm. BB ----------- Sicily. Syracuse. 400 BC Hemilitra. D / Head of Arethusa left. R / Dolphin and shell - SU - RA SNG ANS 403. Weight 2.91 gr. Diameter 14 mm. _4047Antonivs Protti
Syracuse_4th_Democracy.jpg
Sicily - Syracuse - Fourth Republic c. 289-287 B.C10 viewsSicily - Syracuse - Fourth Republic Hemilitron c. 289-287 B.C. Ae 23.2mm. 8.48 g.
Obv: Head of Kore (Persephone) right Rev: Biga galloping right, driven by a charioteer holding kentron (stick) with the right hand and the reins in the left hand, six-pointed star above. Countermarked below and above. Laffaille242 MIAMG.5211 Ref. BMC -. ANS.767. Calciati 122.
ddwau
lejon2.jpg
Sicily Lion11 viewsSICILY, Syracuse. Agathokles. Circa 295-289 BC. Ć 19mm. Head of Herakles right / Lion walking right; club above. SNG ANS 737. ex Vauctionskaitsuburi
128-Sicily Nike sacrificing.JPG
Sicily Nike Sacrificing122 viewsAE 23, Sicily , Syracuse, 214-212 BC
Obv: Helmeted head of Ares
Rev: Nike, Wings spread, Sacrificing a Ram
23mm, 6.92 grams.
SNG 1087.
1 commentsjdholds
357.jpeg
Sicily Syracuse2 viewsSicily Syracuse ca 410 BC AE 19 Athena Snake HippocampAncient Aussie
Untitled_collage~3.jpg
Sicily Syracuse AR Litra circa 480-470 BC 12mm 0.68g22 viewsSURA Head of Arethusa right,hair at neck looped into a pearl diadem.Rev Octopus.Grant H
Untitled_collage~2.jpg
Sicily Syracuse AR Litra circa 480-470 BC 12mm 0.68g24 viewsSURA Head of Arethusa right,hair at the neck looped into a pearl diadem.Rev Octopus.Grant H
dKe5c6QjqTd3R54se9AfWk8ofJX2q7.jpg
Sicily Syracuse AR Tetradrachm circa 478-466 BC 17.23 g 23 mm42 viewsCharioteer holding kentron in right hand,reins in left,driving slow quadriga right,above Nike with wings spread,flying right,crowning horses with wreath held in both hands.Rev head of Arethusa right, hair in band and pearl diadem,wearing pearl necklace,and four dolphins swimming around.Struck circa 478-475 BC.Very rare only three examples from this reverse die,one in public collection Munich,one sold by Classical Numismatic Group 94 lot 104.Grant H
BeFunky-collage_(22).jpg
Sicily Syracuse AR Tetradrachm circa 480-475 BC 17.40 g 25 mm 11h Boehringer 11010 viewsCharioteer driving slow quadriga right holding kentron and reins./Nike flying right crowning the horses,head of Arethusa facing right,four dolphins around.
1 commentsGrant H
Untitled_collage~5.jpg
Sicily Syracuse AR Tetradrachm circa 480-475 BC 20mm 17.33g 8h The Deinomenid Tranny Boehringer 12145 viewsCharioteer driving quadriga to right,Nike above crowning horses.Rev Head of the nymph Arethusa wearing a pearl necklace and headband.Four dolphins swimming right.Grant H
db_file_img_163777_544x262.jpg
Sicily Syracuse AR Tetradrachm circa 480-475 BC 25mm 17.17g 9h39 viewsDeinomenid Tyranny,Time of Hieron I.
Charioteer holding kentron and reins,driving slow quadriga right,Nike flying right above,crowning horses.Rev head of Arethusa right,wearing earring,necklace and headband,her hair tied in a krobylos,and four dolphins swimming around.
Overstruck on unknown type?
Grant H
collage-2017-06-20_(2).jpg
Sicily Syracuse AR Tetradrachm circa 485-465 BC 23mm 1723g 11h Boehringer 114 only three known.49 viewsCharioteer driving chariot right,Nike flying right crowning the horses.Rev Diademed head of Arethusa right,four dolphins around.
ex Grabow 16,1957,576.
NGC graded choice VF 4/4
Grant H
FotorCreated.jpg
Sicily Syracuse AR Tetradrachm circa 485-466 BC 23mm 17.27g 9h Boehringer 12357 viewsDeinomenid Tranny struck 478-475 BC Bearded charioteer driving quadriga walking to right,above Nike fltying right to crown the horses.Rev Diademed head of Arethusa to right,wearing a pearl necklace and with her hair falling back behind her neck but turned up beneath her diadem,around four dolphins swimming to right.
From a collection in Ticino formed over twenty years ago.
1 commentsGrant H
ary.jpg
Sicily Syracuse AR Tetradrachm circa 485-466 BC 23mm 17.31g 7h Boehringer 12263 viewsBearded charioteer driving quadriga walking to right,above Nike flying right to crown the horses.Rev diadem head of Arethusa to right her hair falling back behind her neck and wearing a pearl didemed and a pearl necklace,around four dolphins swimming right.1 commentsGrant H
image00097.jpg
Sicily Syracuse AR Tetradrachm circa 485-466 BC 24mm 17.38g 2h Boehringer 10955 viewsCharioteer guiding quadriga walking slowly to right,Nike flying right to crown the horses.Rev Head of the nymph Arethusa to right,wearing a pearl diadem with a headband

and a pearl necklace,around four dolphins swimming to right.
Rare Boehringer list two coins with these dies.An unusual reverse die with the headband,and with the usual pearl diadem.There are a few dies with this design variation,all grouped within Boehringer 104-121.These are likely the work of a single engraver,whose artistic expression stands out among the products of the Massenpragung as Boehringer called this group.
Grant H
1537269_m.jpg
Sicily Syracuse AR Tetradrachm circa 485-480 BC 28mm 17.34 g 3h Boehringer 84{V41/R54}7 viewsDeinomenid Tyranny Time of Gelon.Charioteer driving walking quadriga right,holding kentron and reins,Nike flyingright crowning horses.Head of Arethusa right,wearing earring and necklace,hair tied with pearl headband,and four dolphins around.
Extremely Rare
ex Roma auc 5 lot 103 3-23-13,from the Comery collection.NGC 3598769-002 AU Star 5/5
Grant H
FotorCreated~112.jpg
Sicily Syracuse circa 478- 475 BC AR obol 9mm 0.64 g 24 viewsDeinomenid tyranny.
Diademed head of Arethusa right,dottted border.Rev wheel of four spokes.
Grant H
thumb30011.jpg
Sicily Syracuse circa 485-466 BC AR Tetradrachm 23mm 16.86g 6h Boehringer 117 {V53/R42}19 viewsDeinomenid Tyranny Gelon,Charioteer holding kentron and reins, driving slow quadriga right,Nike flying above right crowning the horses./Head of Arethusa right,wearing oearl diadem and necklace,four dolphins around.Grant H
FotorCreated123.jpg
Sicily Syracuse Siculo Punic AR Tetradrachm circa 350-320 BC 27mm 17.26g 7h93 viewsWreathed head of Arethusa right,wearing triple - pendant earring and necklace,three dolpdins around in front nose to nose,behind the sign of Tanit.Rev horse right with palm tree behind,the horse left foreleg bent a vertical caduceus before.3 commentsGrant H
sicily_hippocamp_res.jpg
SICILY, SYRACUSE55 viewsca 409 BC
Time of Dionysius I (The Tyrant)
AE HEMILITRON 20 mm 7.07 g
O: Head of Athena, left, STRA before
R: Hippocamp, left
Syracuse
Calciata-34
(ex HJBerk)
1 commentslaney
syracuse_zeus_biga_res.jpg
SICILY, SYRACUSE20 views212 BC
AE 18 mm 5.03 g
O: Head of Zeus laureate right
R: Biga driven by Nike
SNG Cop 501-2 (ex Alex Malloy auction)
laney
Akragas.JPG
Sicily, Akragas. (Circa 425-406 BC)26 viewsAE Tetras

19 mm, 7.6 g

Obverse: AKPA (AKRA) to left, eagle, head lowered, wings spread, standing right on hare

Reverse: Crab, beneath, three pellets (each representing 1/12 of the value of a Litra), in exergue, crayfish left.

CNS I. 178, 50; HGC 2, 140.

Akragas was a wealthy and powerful Greek state on the southern coast of Sicily, second only to Syracuse in importance. The city was famous for its lavish building projects, proudly displaying its wealth in the form of numerous massive temples, many of which still stand today.

The early designs of the coinage of Akragas remained consistent for nearly a century, depicting Zeus’ standing eagle on the obverse and a crab on the reverse. As their societies matured, the aristocratic rulers of Akragas and its surrounding cities became highly competitive in the artistic beauty of the coinage they produced, resulting in a flourishing numismatic arms race.

Around 415 BC, a dramatic shift took place, reinvigorating all denominations of their coinage. The designs became much more intricate, and the new coins have been ranked as some of the most beautiful coinage ever produced.

Unfortunately, the wealth of Akragas was not enough to protect it from the brutality of the Carthaginians, who sacked the city in 406 BC, an attack from which they never fully recovered and which put an abrupt end to this beautiful period of coinage.
1 commentsNathan P
Screenshot_2017-11-08_11_52_31.png
Sicily, Dionysius I, AE Litra. Scarce.5 viewsSyracuse 404-367 B.C. 7.30g - 20.9mm, Axis 12h.

Obv: ΣΥΡΑ - Head of Athena left, wearing a Corinthian helmet, with two dolphins and ΣΥΡΑ around.

Rev: Hippocamp left, with curled wing.

SNG ANS 434; Sear 1193.
Christian Scarlioli
Syracuse.jpg
Sicily, Fifth Democracy 214-212 B.C.8 viewsSicily, Fifth Democracy (c. 214-212 B.C.), Syracuse , Ae 14.6~15.3mm. 2.20g. Obv: Diademed head of Poseidon l. dotted border. Rev: Ornamented trident head, dolphins downward at sides. CNS II, 208 Ds 41/1ddwau
Himera.jpg
SICILY, Himera. Circa 410 BC. 44 viewsBronze AE Hemilitron .
Obverse : Head of nymph Himera left, wearing sphendone, six pellets before.
Reverse : Six pellets (mark of value) within wreath.
Choice good Very Fine ( Very Rare with this condition ) , dark green patina. (15mm, 2.82 g ).

Sear 1110


From The Sam Mansourati Collection. No 35 A.

CITY OF HIMERA

Himera was founded around 678 BC by Greek colonists from Zancle, modern Messina. Zancle itself had been founded in the previous century by Greek colonists. It is probable that a prehistoric settlement already existed there, populated by Sicanians.

Politically, Himera represented the farthest westward expansion of the Greeks along the Sicily's Tyrrhenian coast, constituting a threat to the Carthaginians, who had colonized the western area of Sicily and founded Palermo and Solunto, the latter city being only twenty kilometers distant from Himera. Though Palermo later, of necessity, came under Greek influence, it was never truly a Hellenic city.

In 480 BC, the Carthaginians decided to invade the region. Hamilcar, a Carthaginian general who was an ancestor of the famous Hannibal who later fought the Romans, assembled an army said to number thirty thousand men to march upon Himera. The Greeks of Himera sought and received help from the Greeks of Agrigento and Syracuse. The three combined Greek armies literally massacred the Carthaginians, and thus the Carthaginian threat to the Sicilian Greeks was effectively eliminated, at least for the remainder of that century.

In 409 BC, Hannibal, grandson of Hamilcar, led a large Carthaginian army against Himera. This time, the Greeks were defeated and Himera was destroyed. It is believed that the Imerians who survived the battle fled to Termini and Caccamo.

New Owner : Miss. Arianna Parrillo.
Sam
Sicily_2.jpg
Sicily, Kamarina. (Circa 410-405 BC)17 viewsAE Tetras

14 mm, 2.7 g

Obverse: Facing gorgoneion.

Reverse: KAMA. Owl standing right, holding lizard; in exergue three pellets.

HGC 2, 546.

Kamarina was usually at odds with Syracuse but gave it some aid during Athens' disastrous Sicilian Expedition (415-413 BC) in the Peloponnesian War. The city was destroyed in 405 BC by Carthage. There is a (likely) myth told by the ancient Greek geographer/historian/philosopher, Strabo, that just before the Carthaginians razed Kamarina, the Kamarinians were plagued by a mysterious disease. The marsh of Kamarina had protected the city from its hostile neighbors to the north. It was suspected that the marsh was the source of the strange illness and the idea of draining the marsh to end the epidemic became popular. The town oracle advised the leaders not to drain the marsh, suggesting the plague would pass with time. But the discontent was widespread and the leaders opted to drain the marsh against the oracle's advice. Once it was dry, there was nothing stopping the Carthaginian army from advancing. They marched across the newly drained marsh and razed the city, killing every last inhabitant." Despite Strabo's story, the truth appears to be that the inhabits of the town had largely fled for Syracuse before the army arrived.
Nathan P
106034.jpg
SICILY, Syracuse87 viewsSICILY, Syracuse. Circa 425-415 BC. Ć Onkia (11mm, 0.80 gm). Female head right / Octopus. Calciati I pg. 29, 9; SNG ANS 383; SNG Morcom 679. VF, dark brown patina. EX-CNG B58V782 commentsecoli
collage~6.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse100 viewsSICILY, Syracuse.
Timoleon and the Third Democracy
344-317 BC.
Ć 19mm; 4.56 g

Laureate head of Apollo left; torch behind

Pegasos flying left; NI below

CNS II pg. 203, 85 Ds 50 R1 9 = Virzi 1579 (this coin); SNG ANS 644ff var. (symbols)
From the Garth R. Drewry Collection; Ex Malloy Auction 17 (December 1980), lot 416; Thomas Virzi Collection, 1579.
1 commentsarizonarobin
athena_hippocamp_res.jpg
SICILY, SYRACUSE22 viewsca 409 BC
Time of Dionysius I (The Tyrant)
AE HEMILITRON 19 mm 7.71 g
O: Head of Athena, left
R: Hippocamp, left
Syracuse
Calciata-34
laney
syr_ram_ares_res.jpg
SICILY, SYRACUSE32 views214 - 212 BC (Fifth Democracy)
AE 21 mm 7.94 g
O: Helmeted head of Ares
R: Nike, Wings spread, sacrificing a Ram
Syracuse, Sicily; Calciati II., 430,233; SNG 1087
(the obverse is occasionally identified as Athena, and the reverse animal as a bull; personally, am more convinced by Ares and ram)
laney
GRK_Syracuse_Hieron_II.JPG
Sicily, Syracuse18 viewsSear 1223, SNG Cop 844 ff.

AE Litra (22 mm), struck under Hieron II (275-215 B.C)

Obv: Head of Poseidon, left, wearing tainia

Rev: Ornamental trident-head between two dolphins, dividing [ΙΕΡΩΝΟΣ, monogram]
1 commentsStkp
SYRACUSE_DOLPHIN_SCALLOP_RES.jpg
SICILY, SYRACUSE19 viewsCa. 410 BC
AE Hemilitron 16.5 mm 2.95 g
O: Female head l., hair in sphendone, D before
R: Dolphin leaping r. above scallop-shell
Syracuse
Calciati II, 558, 24.

laney
nike_bull_R_res.jpg
SICILY, SYRACUSE34 viewsca. 204 - 133 BC
(under Roman Rule)
AE 21 mm 8.31 g
O: Helmeted head of Ares, right
R: Nike facing, wings spread, preparing to sacrifice ram below
Sicily, Syracuse; Calciati II., 430,233; SNG ANS 1087
(the obverse is occasionally identified as Athena, and the reverse animal as a bull; personally, am more convinced by Ares and ram)

laney
octopus_res.jpg
SICILY, SYRACUSE22 viewsSecond Democracy 466-405 B.C
AE Onkia 11mm 1.47 g
O: Female head right
R: Octopus
1 commentslaney
20124.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse49 viewsDionysios I
Sicily, Syracuse; 357-344 BC

Head of Arethusa left
Dolphin leaping right, scallop shell below; ΣΥΡΑ between

Bronze hemilitron

3 commentsRobin Ayers
GRK_Sicily_Syracuse_Hippocamp.JPG
Sicily, Syracuse11 viewsSear 1193 var.; Calciati vol. II, p. 89 ff.

AE Litra (18-20 mm.). Struck during reign of Dionysos I (405-367 B.C.)

Obv: Head of Athena wearing a Corinthian helmet decorated with olive wreath facing left, [ΣΥΡΑ in front]

Rev: Hippocamp with curled wing and bridle trailing facing left.
Stkp
syracuse.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse14 viewsAE20, 5.1g; c. 274-216 BC
Obv.: ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΩΝ Laureate head of Apollo left.
Rev.: Pegasus flying left; below, Δ.
Reference: SNG ANS 647. Calciati 85.
Notes: ex-JBGood, gift.
John Anthony
syracuse_apollo_apex_b.jpg
SICILY, SYRACUSE12 viewsRoman Rule, after 212 BC
AE 13.8 mm; 2.50 g
O: Laureate head of Apollo, small torch behind head
R: Apex hat
Syracuse; cf Calc.216.Dsi.v. SNG.ANS.1083v.
Rare
laney
GRK_Sicily_Syracuse_Sear_1186.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse10 viewsSear 1186, CNS 20-22; SNG ANS 404-410.

AE hemilitron, struck ca. 405 B.C., either under the Second Democracy (466-405 B.C.) or during the reign of Dionysos I (405-367 B.C.), 4.09 g., 17.33 mm. max. (including spur), 15.94 mm. max. (excluding spur), 180°.

Obv.: Head of nymph left, wearing ampyx and sphendone; dolphin behind.

Rev: Wheel of four spokes, SY-PA in upper quarters, dolphins in lower quarters.

Coins of this issue included dies signed by the masters Kimon (KIM), Phrygillos (ΦPI), Eukleidas (EY) and possibly Eumenes (E).
Stkp
GRK_Sicily_Syracuse_Sear_917.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse14 viewsSear 917, Boehringer Series XI, 286-291 or Series XXd, 362-70; SNG ANS 116-118 or 251-252; SNG Copenhagen 634.

AR litra (= obol), Deinomenid Tyranny (ca. 485-466 B.C.), struck ca. 480/75-470 B.C., under Gela (485-478 B.C.) or Hieron I (478-466 B.C.), .55 g., 8.47 mm. max.

Obv.: Diademed head of Arethusa right.

Rev.: Wheel of four spokes.
Stkp
syracuse_k.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse3 viewsAE litra, 9.2g, 21mm, 9h; c. 409 BC
Obv: Bust of Athena left, wearing Corinthian helmet with laurel leaves.
Rev: Hippocamp with bridle left.
Reference: Calciati 45
John Anthony
syracuse_ares_nike_c.jpg
SICILY, SYRACUSE16 viewsca. 204 - 133 BC
(under Roman Rule)
AE 21 mm 8.31 g
O: Helmeted head of Ares, right
R: Nike facing, wings spread, preparing to sacrifice ram below
Sicily, Syracuse; Calciati II., 430,233; SNG ANS 1087
(the obverse is occasionally identified as Athena, and the reverse animal as a bull or stag)
laney
normal_syracuse_zeus_biga_resb.jpg
SICILY, SYRACUSE17 views212 BC
AE 18 mm 5.03 g
O: Head of Zeus laureate right
R: Biga driven by Nike
SNG Cop 501-2
laney
syracuse_hippocamp.jpg
SICILY, SYRACUSE41 viewsca 409 BC
Time of Dionysius I (The Tyrant)
AE HEMILITRON 20 mm 7.07 g
O: Head of Athena, left, STRA before
R: Hippocamp, left
Syracuse
Calciata-34
(ex HJBerk)
1 commentslaney
Octopus_fraction2.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse94 viewsΣVRA
Head of Arethusa right

Octopus; 3 Pellets around

0.21g

466-405 BC
Second Democracy

Very rare denomination AR tetronkion
Unlisted?

Ex-ANE
5 commentsJay GT4
Syracuse,_Sicily,_Agathocles,_317_-_289_B_C_.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse , Agathocles, 317 - 289 B.C.118 viewsBronze litra, Calciati II p. 277, 142; SNG ANS 708 ff.; SNG Cop 779; SGCV I 1200, VF, rough areas, encrustation, Syracuse mint, weight 9.243g, maximum diameter 21.2mm, die axis 30o, 304 - 289 B.C.; obverse ΣΩTEIPA, draped bust of Artemis right, quiver at shoulder; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΓAΘOKΛEOΣ, winged thunderbolt;
Ex FORVM 2010; Ex FORVM 2014.

With an army of mercenaries, through deceit, and after banishing or murdering some 10,000 citizens, Agathocles made himself master of Syracuse and later most of Sicily. Machiavelli wrote of him, "It cannot be called prowess to kill fellow-citizens, to betray friends, to be treacherous, pitiless, and irreligious" and cited him as an example of "those who by their crimes come to be princes." According to the historian Justin, very early in life Agathocles parlayed his remarkable beauty into a career as a prostitute, first for men, and later, after puberty, for women, and then made a living by robbery before becoming a soldier and marrying a rich widow.

From The Sam Mansourati Collection.
2 commentsSam
DSCF2057.JPG
Sicily, Syracuse 2nd Democracy, 435 - 415 BC. AE16 mm. 3.03grms 21 viewsSicily, Syracuse 2nd Democracy, 435 - 415 BC.
Obv. Portrait left.
Rev. Octopus.
Ref. HGC2 1430, CNS II nos. 14-15
Lee S
Syracuse_Athena_Hippocamp.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse 3rd Republic 344-336 B.C.14 viewsSicily, Syracuse 3rd Republic 344-336 B.C. Bronze. Head of Athena Left/Hippocamp with curled wings. VF.mjabrial
LarryW2356.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse 450-439 BC30 viewsAR tetradrachm 16.92g, gF
Slow quadriga right, horses walking; above Nike flying right to crown horses / ΣYPAKO[ΣION], head of Arethusa right, wearing earring and necklace, and band wound four times around head and hair; four dolphins around.
Sear 932v; BMC Sicily, pg 161, #122; Boehringer 675
Consigned to Forvm
Lawrence Woolslayer
greek16.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse AE Drachm45 viewsStruck under Dionysos I (405-367 BC).
Obv.: Head of Athena wearing Corinthian helmed decorated with wreath.
Rev.: Sea-star between two dolphins.
SNG ANS 454.
1 commentsMinos
Sicily,_Syracuse_Archaic_AR_Hemiobol.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse AR Hemiobol under the Tyrant Gelon 30 views8mm 0.40g 485-478 BC.
O: Hd Artemis-Arethusa r. of archaic style, hair turned up under diadem of beads, all within circular dotted border.
R: Wheel of four spokes.
SG917v(obol, later type), SNG ANS 116v(ditto). Unusual, in that the obverse is of archaic style.
Alternatively, could possibly be a later, cruder issue. Rare type!
Antonivs Protti
Octopus_Litra.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse AR Litra 123 viewsΣYPA
Diademed head of Arethusa right.

Octopus.

0.65 g

c. 466-460 BC. Second Democracy

Boehringer 421; SNG ANS 131.

Ex-ANE
9 commentsJay GT4
Pegasi_2.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse AR Stater.40 viewsTime of Timoleon and the Third Democracy, circa 344-338 BC. Pegasos flying left / Helmeted head of Athena right, ΣVΡΑΚΟΣΙΩΝ around. Pegasi 2, SNG ANS 496. 8.02g, 22mm, 6h.
Near Extremely Fine. Toned.
From the collection of C.S., Germany.
4 commentsLeo
greek15.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse Ar Tetradrachm88 viewsDeinomenid tyranny. Struck under Hieron I (478-475 BC)
Obv.: Charioteer driving slow quadriga, Nike flying above, crowning horses with wreath.
Rev.: Diademed head of Arethusa, four dolphins around.
3 commentsMinos
29746.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse AR Tetradrachm Quadriga and Arethusa c. 480-475 B.C.19 viewsSicily, Syracuse AR Tetradrachm Quadriga and Arethusa c. 480-475 B.C.
25mm, 17.43 grams, Ex. Wayne C Phillips catalogue 246 lot 53 Sept 1999.
Obv: Slow quadriga right, above Nike flying right to crown horses.
Rev: Head of Arethusa right, hair bound with a ribbon, wearing necklace, surrounded by four dolphins.
Ref: Boehringer 124E.
aVF
mjabrial
SyracuseZeus.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse Bronze Dilitron Time of Timoleon c. 344-336 B.C.13 viewsSicily, Syracuse
Bronze Dilitron (28mm, 18.65 gm.) Time of Timoleon c. 344-336 B.C.
Obv: ΖΕΥΣ ΕΛΕΥΘΕΡΙΟΣ, laureate head of Zeus left.
Rev: ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΩΝ, horse prancing left.
Ref: CNS II, n. 80; SNG Copenhagen 725; SNG ANS 533.
mjabrial
Sicily,_Syracuse_Fifth_Republic,_AE24,_214-212_AD.JPG
Sicily, Syracuse Fifth Republic, AE24, 214-212 AD35 viewsSicily, Syracuse
Fifth Democracy
AE 24 – 24mm
Syracuse, 214 - 212 AD
Laureate head of Apollo r.
Dioscuri on horseback r., star above
ΣYPAKOΣIΩN in exergue, O Φ below
Calciati 205
Ardatirion
syrOR.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse mint, Agathokles, BMC Sicily 617 (or similar)23 viewsSICILY, Syracuse mint, Agathokles, Struck 289-287/5 B.C. AE, 16mm 3.33g, BAR issue 36; CNS 105 Ds 8 (Agathokles), (or similar) possibly BMC Sicily 617 (or similar)
O: ΣΥΡAKOΣIΩN, Head of Kore left; unknown symbol (grapes? bow?) behind
R: Bull butting left; (possible) trident head above (or empty, corrosion is keeping from clear attribution), ΑΓ in exergue
2 commentscasata137ec
sicsyroctOR.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse mint, BMC 305 40 viewsSicily, Syracuse mint, Dionysos I Tetras 405-367 B.C. AE, 14mm 1.73g, BMC 305
O: Head Arethusa facing slightly to l.
R: Octopus in circular incuse
1 commentscasata137ec
syrtriOR.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse mint, Fifth Democracy, SNG Morcom 83410 viewsSicily, Syracuse mint, Fifth Democracy, 214-212 B.C. AE, 2.75g 14mm, ANS 1050, SNG Morcom 834, Calciati 208 DS 7
O: Head of Poseidon l., wearing diadem, within dotted border
R: ΣYP – AKO/ (ΣI – ΩN) in two line below, Ornamented trident head, dolphins downward at sides
casata137ec
sicisisOR.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse mint, Under Roman Rule, SNG ANS 109315 viewsSicily, Syracuse mint, Under Roman Rule c. 212 B.C., 5.51g 20mm, SNG ANS 1093, Calciati II p. 432, 237
O: head of Isis right, wreathed in grain, wearing solar disc headdress
R: ΣYPAKOΣION, the headdress of Isis (solar disc framed by two bull horns and two stalks of grain at the base, two tall plumes behind)
casata137ec
Syracuse_HemiDrachm.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse Silver Hemidrachm, Circa 405 BC Time of Dionysios I. Fourrée (?)60 viewsObverse:Helmeted head of Athena facing slightly left; four dolphins around
Reverse:Charioteer driving fast quadriga left; above, Nike flying right, crowning charioteer; two confronting dolphins in ex. aF / aG
1.72 GR . SNG ANS 312

From The Sam Mansourati Collection.
Sam
syracuse_SNGans138.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse SNG ANS 13861 viewsAR - Silver litra, 12.4mm, 0.653g
struck c.475-450
obv. SVRA
Head of Arethusa, with pearl-diadem, r.
rev. Oktopus
SNG ANS 183; SNG München 1003; SNG Copenhagen 641; cf. Boehringer S.196, 450ff.
about VF, slightly toned
from Forum Ancient Coins, thanks!

For more information look at the thread 'Coins of mythological interest'
1 commentsJochen
Syracuse_Ć_Hemidrachm.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse Ć Hemidrachm. Time of Timoleon and the Third Democracy, circa 344-317 BC8 viewsLaureate head of Zeus Eleutherios right, ΖΕΥΣ ΕΛΕΥΘΕΡΙΟΣ around / Upright thunderbolt; eagle to right, [ΣΥ]ΡΑ[ΚΟΣΙΩ]Ν around. CNS II, p. 167, 72; BMC 313-314; SNG Copenhagen 727; SNG ANS 477-488. 15.61g, 25mm, 11h.
Good Very Fine, and from dies of superb style. Some smoothing to rev.
Leo
LarryW2368.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse, 450-439 BC18 viewsAR tetradrachm, 16.97g, F
Charioteer driving slow quadriga right; Nike flying right to crown horses / ΣYPAKOΣ, head of Arethusa right, hair in sakkos; four dolphins around.
Sear 931; Boehringer 695
Consigned to Forvm
Lawrence Woolslayer
LarryW2333.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse, 55265 viewsSilver 16 Litrae, 26mm, 13.05g, VF
Reign of Hieron II 275-215
Diademed and veiled head of Philistis left, torch behind / BAΣIΛIΣΣA[Σ] ΦIΛIΣTIΔ[OΣ], winged Nike in galloping quadriga right; E below.
Sear 988v; BMC Sicily, pg. 213, #552; SNG ANS 884.
2 commentsLawrence Woolslayer
LarryW2339.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse, 594v36 viewsĆ27, 28mm, 17.65g, aVF
Reign of Hieron II 275-215 BC
Diademed head of Hieron II left, beardless; behind, dolphin downwards / helmeted horseman prancing right, holding couched spear in right hand; AΓ beneath; IEPΩNOΣ in exg
Sear 1221v (monogram); BMC Sicily, pg 217, #594v (reverse monogram)
Lawrence Woolslayer
LarryW2362.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse, 62716 viewsĆ19, 19mm, 5.98g, VF
Reign of Hieron II, 275-215 BC
Head of Persephone left, wearing earring and necklace; hair rolled and bound with wreath of barley; unknown symbol behind; border of dots / Bull butting left; above, club over T; IC in exg. Dark green patina nearing black: photo lightened
Sear 1218v; BMC Sicily, p. 219, #627; SNG ANS 586
Lawrence Woolslayer
agothoclesOR.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse, Agathocles, CNS II pg. 249, 12135 viewsSicily, Syracuse, Agathocles, struck circa 317 B.C. AE, 19mm 5.91g, CNS II pg. 249, 121; SNG ANS 545-548
O: Laureate head of Apollo, l.
R: Triskeles of winged feet
3 commentscasata137ec
Sicily,_Syracuse,_-.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse, Agathokles (cc. 317-289 B.C.), AE-21, SNG Ans 749, AΓAΘOKΛEOΣ BAΣIΛEOΣ, Winged thunderbolt, #1265 viewsSicily, Syracuse, Agathokles (cc. 317-289 B.C.), AE-21, SNG Ans 749, AΓAΘOKΛEOΣ BAΣIΛEOΣ, Winged thunderbolt, #1
avers: ΣΩΤΕΙΡΑ, Draped bust of Artemis Soteira right, quiver over shouler.
revers: ΑΓΑΘΟΚΛΕΟΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΟΣ, Winged thunderbolt between legend.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 21 mm, weight: 8,14, axes: 2h,
mint: Sicily, Syracuse, date: cc.317-289 B.C., ref: SNG Ans 749,
Q-001
4 commentsquadrans
normal_Sicily,_Syracuse,_22mm,_9,59g-s.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse, Agathokles (cc. 317-289 B.C.), AE-22, SNG Ans 749, AΓAΘOKΛEOΣ BAΣIΛEOΣ, Winged thunderbolt, #2142 viewsSicily, Syracuse, Agathokles (cc. 317-289 B.C.), AE-22, SNG Ans 749, AΓAΘOKΛEOΣ BAΣIΛEOΣ, Winged thunderbolt, #2
avers: ΣΩΤΕΙΡΑ, Draped bust of Artemis Soteira right, quiver over shoulder.
reverse: ΑΓΑΘΟΚΛΕΟΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΟΣ, Winged thunderbolt between legend.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 22 mm, weight: 9,59, axes: h,
mint: Sicily, Syracuse, date: cc.317-289 B.C., ref: SNG Ans 749,
Q-002
4 commentsquadrans
Syracuse_Tetradrachm_16_96g.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse, Agathokles , tetradrachm384 viewsAgathokles (317 - 289 BC), struck ca. 310 - 305 BC
24.5mm, 16.96g
obv: wreathed head of Arethusa left, wearing triple-pendant earring and necklace; three dolphins around, NI below neck
rev: Charioteer, holding kentron and reins, driving fast quadriga left; above, triskeles; ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΩΝ and AN monogram in exergue
(Ierardi 40 (O 7/R 23). SNG ANS 639 (same dies))
10 commentsareich
Agathokles_AE20-22_9_16g_1.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse, Agathokles AE20-22114 views317-289 BC
20-22mm, 9.16g
obv: ΣΩΤΕΙΡΑ; head of Artemis right, behind quiver
rev: ΑΓΑΘΟΚΛΕΩΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ; thunderbolt

Click picture for a better, sharper version.
6 commentsareich
Sicily_Syracuse_Arethusa_wheel_litra_AR9_0_58g_1.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse, Arethusa / wheel, litra 44 viewsca. 485 - 479 BC
9mm, 0.58g
obv: diademed head of Artemis Arethusa right, with necklace
rev: wheel of four spokes
(SNG Copenhagen 632 var.;
SNG ANS 116 var.;
Weber Coll. 1580;
Förschner -)

ex Roland Müller collection, ex Rutten & Wieland
areich
Sicily_Syracuse_Arethusa_litra.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse, Arethusa / wheel, litra 32 viewsca. 480 BC
10mm, 0.38g, unofficial style
obv: diademed head of Artemis Arethusa right, with necklace
rev: wheel of four spokes
areich
SicilyCalcIIp424-227OR.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse, Bronze AE 21, Calciati II20 viewsBronze AE 21, Calciati II, p. 424, 227, Fair, 8.992g, 23.2mm, 0o, Syracuse mint, obverse laureate head of Zeus left; reverse ΣYPAKOΣIΩN in ex, Nike in galloping biga rightcasata137ec
ANS_376ff.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse, c. 435-415 BC. Ć Tetras22 views16mm, 3.57g, 9h
Head of Arethusa r.; dolphin behind. R/ Octopus; three pellets around. CNS II, 1; SNG ANS 376ff.; HGC 2, 1428. Dark green patina, VF - Good VF
1 commentsLeo
DSCN4733.JPG
Sicily, Syracuse, C.415 - 405 BC. AE 15mm37 viewsSicily, Syracuse, C.415 - 405 BC
Obv. Head of Arethusa left, barley ear to right.
Rev. Wheel of four spokes, ΣY-PA in upper quarters, dolphins in lower.
Ref. Sear 1186
Lee S
syracuseOR.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse, Calciati II p. 41, 1814 viewsSyracuse, Sicily mint, Hemilitron, c. 415 - 410 B.C. AE, 17mm 3.9g, SGCV I 1185, Calciati II p. 41, 18
O: Head of Arethusa left, hair in a sphendone
R: Incuse circle containing 16 pointed star at center, all within quadripartite incuse square
casata137ec
dionysiosOR.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse, Dionysios I, SNG ANS 41148 viewsSicily, Syracuse, Dionysios I, 405-367 B.C. (Struck circa 405 BC) AE Hemilitron, 16mm, 3.54 g, CNS 20; SNG ANS 411; SNG Morcom 682 var.
O: Head of nymph left, wearing ampyx and sphendone; dolphin behind
R: ΣΥ-ΡA and two dolphins in wheel with four spokes
3 commentscasata137ec
Sicily,_Syracuse,_Dionysios_I__(405-367_BC_)_Ć_Hemilitron,_Arethusa_left,_Dolphin,__#931;_Y_P_A,_shell,_CNS_24-1-7,_HGC_2,_1480,_SNG_ANS_415-25_,_Q-001,_6h,15,5-18mm,_3,2g-s.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse, Dionysios I. (405-367 B.C.), AE-Hemilitron, SNG Ans 415-25, ΣYPA, Dolphin, and shell,180 viewsSicily, Syracuse, Dionysios I. (405-367 B.C.), AE-Hemilitron, SNG Ans 415-25, ΣYPA, Dolphin, and shell,
avers: No legend, Head of Arethusa left, wearing a necklace, hair bound in ampyx and sphendone, olive leaves behind.
reverse: Dolphin swimming right, Σ Y P A and cockle shell below.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 15,5-18,0mm, weight: 3,20g, axes: 6h,
mint: Sicily, Syracuse, Dionysios I., date: 405-367 B.C., ref: SNG Ans 415-25, SNG Cop 697-699, CNS 24/1-7, HGC 2, 1480,
Q-001
4 commentsquadrans
hieron.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse, Heiron II AE18. 274-216 BC.29 viewsObv: Diademed head of Poseidon left, within border of dots.
Rev: IEPW-NOS, trident head, with scrolls decoration between prongs; lotiform shaft, flanked by dolphins.
ancientone
Syracuse_01.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse, Hieron II 14 viewsHieron II
Sicily, Syracuse
AD 276-215
Obv.: Diademed head of Poseidon left
Rev.: IEP-ΩNOΣ, ornamented trident, at sides dolphins
AE, 8.65g, 21.4mm
shanxi
SICILY,_SYRACUSE,_HIERON_II.jpg
SICILY, SYRACUSE, HIERON II AE19, Sear 1223, Trident15 viewsOBV: Head of Poseidon left
REV: IEP-ONOS, ornamented trident of Poseidon
6.5g; 19mm

Minted at Syracuse, 275-216 BC
Legatus
syrakus_hieronII_BMC530.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse, Hieron II, BMC 5307 viewsHieron II, 274-216 BC
AE 20, 6.34g, 19.69mm, 90°
obv. bearded head of Poseidon, diademed, l.
rev. IERW - NOS
ornamented trident between 2 dolphins
ref. BMC 350; SNG Copenhagen 850; Sear 1223
F+, black brown patina
Jochen
Sicily,_Syracuse,Hieron-II(274-216BC)AE-19_Head_of_Persephone_left,Bull_butting_left,_above,_club_over_M,_IE_in_ex,Calciati_192M,Hoover1469,Sear-1218v_Q-001_h_19mm_g-s.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse, Hieron II. (274-216 B.C.), AE-19, Calciati 192M, Bull butting left,178 viewsSicily, Syracuse, Hieron II. (274-216 B.C.), AE-19, Calciati 192M, Bull butting left,
avers: ΣYΡAKOΣIΩN, Head of Persephone left, wreathed with corn, wearing earring and necklace.
revers: Club over M above bull butting left, IE in exergue.
exerg: -/-//IE, diameter: 18-19 mm, weight: 5,55g, axes: 5h,
mint: Sicily, Syracuse, Hieron II, date: 275-216 B.C., ref: Calciati 192M, Hoover 1469, Sear 1218, BMC 2.616ff, SNG ANS 580ff,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
ghghfhhfh-x-s.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse, Hieron II. Ć20-Poseidon-Trident, 275-216 B.C.,92 viewsSicily, Syracuse, Hieron II. Ć20-Poseidon-Trident-Head of Poseidon left, wearing tainia-Ornamented trident flanked by two dolphins swimming downward-275-216 BC SNG Cop.854-0h-18mm-7,02g
avers: Head of Poseidon left,
revers: Wearing tainia-Ornamented trident flanked by two dolphins swimming downward.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18 mm, weight: 7,02 g, axes: 0h,
mint: Sicily, Syracuse, Hieron II., date: 275-216 B.C., ref: SNG Cop.-854,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Sicily,_Syracuse,_Agathokles_to_Hiketas,_AE_21.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse, Hiketas II, 287-278 BC, Ć 21 24 viewsWreathed head of Kore right; ΣYPA in right field.
Charioteer in biga galloping right, star above, ΠX in exergue.

SNG ANS 763 var. (torch symbol on obverse; X in exergue of reverse).

(21 mm, 9.41 g, 5h).
LWHT Collection; Classical Numismatic Group electronic Auction 167, 27 June 2007, 37; from the Charles Gillet collection; ex-Stacks 23 May 1990, 262.
1 commentsn.igma
Sicily_Syracuse_HiketasII_AE25_10_14g.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse, Hiketas II, AE2546 viewsHiketas II (287-278 BC), struck ca. 283-279 BC
25mm, 10.14g
obv: laureate head of Zeus Hellanios right
rev: eagle standing left on thunderbolt

(BAR issue 39; CNS 167; SNG ANS 785)
overstruck on another coin of Syracuse - most likely the Artemis/Thunderbolt issue (SNG ANS 708)
5 commentsareich
Sicily,_Syracuse,_Hiketas_(287-278_BC_)_Ć_Litra,_Young_Zeus_Hellanios_r_,_Eagle_l_,_A-star,_CNS_168_Rs_96,_SNG_ANS_804_,_Q-001,_6h,_21,5-22mm,_8,58g-s.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse, Hiketas, (287-278 B.C.), AE-Litra, Calciati 168A, ΣYΡAKOΣIΩN, Eagle standing left,128 viewsSicily, Syracuse, Hiketas, (287-278 B.C.), AE-Litra, Calciati 168A, ΣYΡAKOΣIΩN, Eagle standing left,
avers: ΔIOΣ EΛΛANIOY, Laureate head of young Zeus Hellanios right.
reverse: ΣYΡAK OΣIΩN, Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, star and A before.
exergue: A/*/-//--, diameter: 21,5-22,0mm, weight: 8,58g, axes: 6h,
mint: Sicily, Syracuse, Hiketas, date: 287-278 B.C., ref: Calciati 168A, SNG ANS 803ff var.,
Q-001
quadrans
Sicily,_Syracuse,_Second_Democracy__466-405_B_C_AE-12-onkia_Head_of_Arethusa_r_SYPA_Octopus_Str-_440-430_BC_Sear-Greek-C-1184_CNS_9;_SNG_ANS_382_Q-001_0h_12mm_1,87g-s.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse, Second Democracy, (466-405 B.C.), SNG ANS 382var., AE onkia, Octopus, Rare!151 viewsSicily, Syracuse, Second Democracy, (466-405 B.C.), SNG ANS 382var., AE onkia, Octopus, Rare!
avers:- ΣYP(reversP)A, Head of Arethusa right, wearing necklace, hair in koymbos, dolphins before and behind the neck.
revers:- Octopus.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 10-11,5mm, weight: 1,86g, axes: 0h,
mint: Sicily, Syracuse, Second Democracy, date: 440-430 B.C., ref: SNG ANS 382var., Rare!
Q-001
quadrans
sngcop911OR.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse, SNG Cop 91152 viewsSyracuse, Sicily, Roman Rule, c. 212 - 133 BC, 22mm 8.09g, SNG Cop 911,
O: head of Persephone right;
R: ΣYRAKOΣIΩN, Demeter standing left, torch in right, scepter in left
casata137ec
Sicily,_Syracuse,_Timoleon,_AE_triens,_344-336_BC.JPG
Sicily, Syracuse, Time of Timoleon, AE triens, 344-336 BC20 viewsTime of Timoleon
Sicily, Syracuse
AE triens – 23mm
Syracuse, 344-336 BC
bust of Athena r. in Corinthian helmet with leather neckstrap
hippocamp l., with curled wing
Sear 1193
Ardatirion
Sicily,_Syracuse,_under_Roman_Rule,_(after_212_BC_)_AE-14,_Apollo_l_,_Sacrificial_cap,_,_Q-001,_3h,13,5-14mm,_2,9g-s.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse, under Roman Rule, (after 212 B.C.), AE-14, Weber I. 1730, ΣYΡAKOΣIΩN, Sacrificial cap, 119 viewsSicily, Syracuse, under Roman Rule, (after 212 B.C.), AE-14, Weber I. 1730, ΣYΡAKOΣIΩN, Sacrificial cap,
avers: Laureate head of Apollo left.
reverse: ΣY ΡA/ KOΣ IΩN, Sacrificial cap.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 13,5-14,0mm, weight: 2,90g, axes: 3h,
mint: Sicily, Syracuse, under Roman Rule, date: after 212 B.C., ref: Weber Collection Vol I./ Sicily/ 1730, p-364, Table:67,
Q-001
quadrans
artemis_thunderbolt_b_res.jpg
SICILY, SYRACUSE--AGATHOKLES50 views317-289 B.C.
Period 4, circa 295 B.C.
Ć Litra, 23 mm max. 8.10g
O: SWTEI[RA], head of Artemis right, wearing triple-pendant earring and necklace, quiver over shoulder
R: AGAQOKL[EOS] above, BASILEOS below; winged thunderbolt
SNG Copenhagen 779
1 commentslaney
hieron.jpg
SICILY, SYRACUSE--HIERON II66 viewsHIERON II
275 - 215 BC
AE 20 mm 5.8 g
O: BUST OF KORE (PERSEPHONE) L
REV: BULL BUTTING L
IE IN EXE
2 commentslaney
poseidon_syracuse.jpg
SICILY, SYRACUSE--HIERON II36 views275 - 216 BC
AE 23 mm max. 8.79 g
O: Head of Poseidon left
R: Ornamental trident with dolphin to either side
SYRACUSE, SICILY
laney
zeus_trid_res2.jpg
SICILY, SYRACUSE--HIERON II27 views275 - 215 BC
AE 19 mm 6.02 g
O: Head of Poseidon left
R Trident upright between two dolphins IERW-NOS below
laney
hier_trident.jpg
SICILY, SYRACUSE--HIERON II16 views275 - 216 BC
AE 21 mm, 7.60 g
O: Head of Poseidon left
R: Ornamental trident with dolphin to either side
SYRACUSE, SICILY
laney
hier_warrier_blk.jpg
SICILY, SYRACUSE--HIERON II29 views275 - 215 BC
AE 27 mm; 16 g
O: Diademed head left
R. ΙΕΡΩΝΟΣ Horseman, wearing helmet and and holding lance, on horse prancing right, N below
Sicily, Syracuse SNG ANS 924. Calciati II, 381, 195Rl-22.
1 commentslaney
normal_zeus_trid_res2b.jpg
SICILY, SYRACUSE--HIERON II18 views275 - 215 BC
AE 19 mm 6.02 g
O: Head of Poseidon left
R Trident upright between two dolphins IERW-NOS below
Syracuse mint; cf SNG Cop 844 ff.; SNG ANS 964 ff
laney
HIERON_2.jpg
SICILY, SYRACUSE--HIERON II10 viewsHieron II
Tyrant: 275 - 215BC
AE 19.5 mm 6.21 g
O.: Diademed head of Poseidon left.
R: Ornamented trident head, dolphin downward flanking on each side
laney
syracuse_hiketas_ii_res.jpg
SICILY, SYRACUSE--HIKETAS II (TYRANT OF SYRACUSE)12 views287-278 BC
AE 19 X 21 mm; 4.34 g
O: Laureate head of Zeus Hellanios right
R: Eagle with open wings standing left on thunderbolt.
cf. Calciati II. 167; SNG ANS 790
Syracuse mint
laney
coin140.JPG
Sicily, Syracuse.30 viewsSicily, Syracuse.
Head of Athena left, wearing Corinthian helmet
Hippocamp left; SNG Copenhagen 721.

From the D. Alighieri Collection.

Ex - CNG
ecoli
ACCG3005LG.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse.24 viewsSicily, Syracuse. Hiketas II. 287-278 B.C. Ć 22 mm (9.26 g, 4 h). Ca. 283-279 B.C. [ΔIOΣ EΛΛANIOY], laureate head of Zeus Hellanios left / [ΣYPAK]O[ΣI]ON, eagle, wings displayed, standing left on thunderbolt. CNS II p. 301, 157; SNG ANS 788.

Check
ecoli
ArethusaXS.jpg
SICILY, Syracuse. Agathokles tetradrachm135 viewsstruck 310-305 BC
AR tetradrachm, 17.40 g, 24 mm
Obv: head of the nymph Arethusa left, wearing grain wreath, earring and necklace; around, three dolphins; under, monogram (NK?)
Rev: ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, fast chariot charioteer leads to left, holding reins and kentron; above, triskeles; in exergue, monogram.
Ref: Ierardi 9; SNG Copenhagen 573 goes., SNG ANS 637
from ArtCoinsRoma, auction 8.

Well... this is now far and away my finest coin and will likely remain so for a long time. I'm in love!

Acquiring this coin was challenging to the point of comedy. I detailed the saga here, if you are interested: http://www.cointalk.com/threads/ancient-adventures-in-bidland-agathokles-tetradrachm.243930/
11 commentsTIF
s-l500_(2).jpg
Sicily, Syracuse. Agathokles (Circa 317-289 BC)23 viewsAE 21, 8.90 g

Obverse: ΣΩΤΕΙΡΑ (Soteira - "the saving goddess); head of Artemis right, wearing triple-pendant earring and necklace, quiver over shoulder

Reverse: ΑΓΑΘΟΚΛΕΟΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΟΣ (By the King Agathokles); winged thunderbolt. Calciati II pg. 277, 142; SNG ANS 708.

The son of a potter who had moved to Syracuse in about 343 BC, Agathokles learned his father's trade, but afterwards entered the army. In 333 BC he married the widow of his patron Damas, a distinguished and wealthy citizen. He was twice banished for attempting to overthrow the oligarchical party in Syracuse.

In 317 BC he returned with an army of mercenaries under a solemn oath to observe the democratic constitution which was established after they took the city. Having banished or murdered some 10,000 citizens, and thus made himself master of Syracuse, he created a strong army and fleet and subdued the greater part of Sicily.

War with Carthage followed. In 311 BC Agathocles was defeated in the Battle of the Himera River and besieged in Syracuse. In 310 BC he made a desperate effort to break through the blockade and attack the enemy in Africa. After several victories he was at last completely defeated (307 BC) and fled secretly to Sicily.

After concluding peace with Carthage in 306 BC, Agathocles styled himself king of Sicily in 304 BC, and established his rule over the Greek cities of the island more firmly than ever. A peace treaty with Carthage left him in control of Sicily east of the Halycus River. Even in his old age he displayed the same restless energy, and is said to have been contemplating a fresh attack on Carthage at the time of his death.
Nathan P
SICILY,_Syracuse__Agathokles.jpg
SICILY, Syracuse. Agathokles.63 viewsSICILY, Syracuse. Agathokles . 317-289 BC. Ć Litra (9.04 gm. Max Dia 22 mm ). Period 4, circa 295 BC. SWTEIRA, head of Artemis right, wearing triple-pendant earring and necklace, quiver over shoulder / AGAQOKLEOS above, BASILEOS below; winged thunderbolt. SNG ANS 708ff; Calciati II pg. 277, 142; SNG Copenhagen 779; SNG Morcom 754ff; Favorito 34; Laffaille 233-234; Virzi 1687ff. Good VF, gorgeous bluish green patina.

From The Sam Mansourati Collection.
6 commentsSam
v2.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse. Agathokles. 12 viewsHelmeted head of Athena right / Horseman right. SNG ANS 697-699.
317-289 BC. AE 21mm.
ancientone
Agathokles.png
Sicily, Syracuse. Agathokles.27 viewsSicily, Syracuse. Agathokles. 317-289 B.C. Ć litra (22 mm, 9.72 g, 9 h). Ca. 306/4-289 B.C. ΣΩΤΕΙΡΑ, head of Artemis right, quiver at shoulder / ΑΓΑΘΟΚΛΕΟΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΟΣ, winged thunderbolt. BAR issue 33; CNS 142; SNG ANS 7081 commentsRob D
agathokles_k.jpg
SICILY, Syracuse. Agathokles. 317-289 BC.9 viewsĆ Hemilitron, 23mm, 9.8g, 12h; Struck circa 317-310 BC.
Obv.: ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΩΝ; Wreathed head of Kore left; torch to right.
Rev.: Bull butting left; dolphin and AΓ above, dolphin below.
Reference: Cf. Carroccio 7; cf. Holloway, Bronze pl. 7, 1; CNS 96; SNG ANS 564.
John Anthony
Sicilia.jpg
SICILY, Syracuse. Agathokles. 317-289 BC. Ć Litra 25 views21 mm , 8,7 g circa 295 BC.
SWTEIRA, head of Artemis Soteria right, wearing triple-pendant earring and necklace, quiver over shoulder / AGAQOKLEOS BASILEOS, winged thunderbolt.
2 commentsAntonivs Protti
SICILY_SYRACUSE_AGATHOKLES_ARTEMIS_SOTEIRA_THUNDERBOLT_BRONZE.jpg
SICILY, Syracuse. Agathokles. Ć Litra16 views317-289 BC. 21 mm , 8,7 g. circa 295 BC.
SWTEIRA, head of Artemis Soteria right, wearing triple-pendant earring and necklace, quiver over shoulder / AGAQOKLEOS BASILEOS, winged thunderbolt.
Antonivs Protti
Boehringer_73.jpg
SICILY, Syracuse. Deinomenid Tyranny, 485-466 BC. Tetradrachm 20 views24mm, 16.58 g 7
Male charioteer, wearing a long chiton and holding a goad in his right hand and the reins in both, driving a walking quadriga to right; above Nike flying right to crown the horses. Rev. ΣVRΑΚΟΣΙΟΝ Head of Arethusa to right, wearing necklace and pearl diadem, and with her hair tied in a krobylos that is bound up and falls over her diadem; around, four dolphins swimming clockwise. Boehringer 73 (V35/R48). Toned. Nearly very fine.


From a Swiss collection, formed before 2005.
Leo
sicily_litra_k.jpg
SICILY, Syracuse. Dionysios I, 405-367 BC. 5 viewsĆ Litra, 20mm, 7.7g, 6h; Struck circa 400 BC.
Obv.: ΣΥΡΑ;Helmeted head of Athena left.
Rev.: Hippocamp left.
Reference: SNG ANS 437 / 17-75-65
John Anthony
Hieron_II.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse. Hieron II (Circa 230-215 BC)5 viewsAE26 (17.59g)

Obverse: Diademed head left

Reverse: (I)ERWNOS in exergue, warrior, holding couched lance, on horse prancing right; ΣΩ below.

CNS 195 R1 31; BAR issue 62; HGC 2, 1548.
1 commentsNathan P
s-l500_(1).jpg
Sicily, Syracuse. Hiketas II. (Circa 287-278 BC)42 viewsAE 22, 10.11 g

Obverse: Wreathed head of Persephone left; ear of grain behind; ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΩΝ (SYRAKOSION)

Reverse: Female driving biga right; star above, A in exergue

CNS II 123 Ds 95; SNG ANS 759 var.

Hiketas (Greek: Ἱκέτας or Ἱκέτης) was tyrant of Syracuse, during the interval between the reign of Agathokles and that of Pyrrhus. After the death of Agathokles (289 BC), his supposed assassin, Maenon, put to death Archagathus, the grandson of Agathocles; and assuming the command of the army directed his arms against Syracuse. Hereupon Hicetas was sent against him by the Syracusans, with a considerable army: but after the war had continued for some time, without any decisive result, Maenon, by calling in the aid of the Carthaginians, obtained the superiority, and the Syracusans were compelled to conclude an ignominious peace. Soon after ensued the revolution which led to the expulsion of the Campanian mercenaries (originally hired by Agathokles), afterwards known as the Mamertines: and it must have been shortly after this that Hiketas established himself in the supreme power, as we are told by Diodorus that he ruled nine years. He was at length expelled from Syracuse by Thynion, an event which took place not long before the arrival of Pyrrhus in Sicily, and must therefore be referred either to 279 or 278 BC.
1 commentsNathan P
335_Greek.JPG
SICILY, Syracuse. Hiketas II. 287-278 BC. Ć Hemilitron7 viewsStruck circa 287-283 BC.

Obv.
Head of Kore left, wearing wreath of grain ears

Rev.
Nike driving galloping biga right

9.25 gr
22 mm
okidoki
Syracuse__Pyrrhos.jpeg
SICILY, Syracuse. Pyrrhos. Ć 24mm13 views278-276 BC. Ć 24mm (9.64 gm). Head of Herakles left, wearing lion's skin / Athena Promachos walking right, holding thunderbolt in right hand, shield on left arm. Calciati II pg. 321, 175; SNG ANS 844ff. Choice EF, pretty green patina.
From Davissions.
Leo
Pyrrhus.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse. Pyrrhus (Circa 278-275 BC)32 viewsAE 23mm, 11.43 g

Obverse: Head of Heracles l., wearing lion's headdress; in r. field, cornucopiae.

Rev. Athena Promachos standing r., holding spear and shield; in l. field, thunderbolt.

SNG Copenhagen 811. Calciati 177.

Pyrrhus was king of the Greek tribe of Molossians (west coast of Greece) and later became king of Epirus. One of the greatest military commanders of the ancient world, Pyrrhus took a large army to southern Italy at the behest of the Greek colony of Tarentum in their war against Rome. With his superior cavalry, deadly phalanx, and 20 elephants, Pyrrhus defeated the Romans in a succession of battles but at great cost. After a victory at Apulia (279 BC) where Pyrrhus lost 3,500 men including many officers, he famously commented that, "If we are victorious in one more battle with the Romans, we shall be utterly ruined." It is from this semi-legendary event that the term Pyrrhic victory originates.

In 278 BC, the Greek cities in Sicily asked Pyrrhus to help drive out Carthage, which along with Rome was one of the two great powers of the Western Mediterranean. While successful, his request for manpower and money from the Sicilians for a fleet to blockade Carthage’s final stronghold was met with resistance, forcing Pyrrhus to proclaim a military dictatorship of Sicily and install military garrisons in Sicilian cities. These actions were deeply unpopular and with Sicily growing increasingly hostile to Pyrrhus, he abandoned Sicily and returned to Italy to fight another inconclusive battle against the Romans. Pyrrhus soon ended his campaign in Italy and returned to Epirus.

In 274 BC he captured the Macedonian throne in a battle against Antigonus Gonatus II. But two years later while storming the city of Argos, Pyrrhus was killed in a confused battle at night in the narrow city streets. While fighting an Argive soldier, the soldier's mother, who was watching from a rooftop, threw a tile which knocked Pyrrhus from his horse and broke part of his spine, paralyzing him. His death was assured after a soldier beheaded his motionless body.

Athena Promachos ("Athena who fights in the front line") was a colossal bronze statue of Athena. Erected around 456 BC in Athens, the Athena Promachos likely memorialized the Persian Wars. The very first specific archaistic Athena Promachos coin image was depicted on coins that were issued by Alexander the Great in 326 BC. Ten years later, the Athena Promachos appeared on coins issued by Ptolemy in Alexandria. Pyrrhus' alliance with Ptolemy (I and II) and admiration of Alexander the Great (they were second cousins) undoubtedly inspired the design of this coin with Heracles on obverse (like Alexander's coins) and Athena Promachos on the reverse.
2 commentsNathan P
00047q00.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse. Second Democracy(Circa 415-405 BC)19 viewsHemilitron

16mm, 3.82 g

Obverse: Head of Arethusa to left, hair in sphendone.

Rev. ΣY-PA Wheel of four spokes, dolphins in lower quarters.

CNS 22. SNG ANS 404-410.

Arethusa was a naiad (a water nymph) who frolicked in the vicinity of Olympia and was desired and pursued by the river-god Alpheios. She appealed for assistance from Artemis, goddess of the moon and the hunt and the protector of women. Aretemis transformed her into an underground stream emerging as a freshwater spring on the Sicilian island of Ortygia, the future site of Syracuse. Undaunted, Alpheios diverted his river’s flow underground to follow Arethusa, and both of their waters now mingle eternally in the Fountain of Arethusa in Ortygia. Arethusa’s image on coins is usually accompanied by dolphins, which were common in the sea around Ortygia in classical times.
Nathan P
Sicily_1.PNG
SICILY, Syracuse. Timoleon19 viewsSICILY, Syracuse. Timoleon and the Third Democracy. 344-317 BC.

Obverse.Laureate head of Zeus Eleutherios right

Reverse.Thunderbolt
Macedonian Warrior
Timoleon1.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse. Timoleon (Circa 344-338 BC)37 viewsĆ Hemidrachm (24.5mm, 15.84 g).

Timoleontic Symmachy coinage. First series.

Obverse: Laureate head of Zeus Eleutherios right; ZΕΥΣ ΕΛΕΥΘΕΡΙΟΣ (Zeus Eleutherios - deliverer of freedom)

Reverse: Upright thunderbolt; barley grain to right; ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΩΝ (Syracos)

Castrizio Series I, 1β; CNS 71; HGC 2, 1440.

Timoleon was born to an aristocratic family in Corinth in 411 BC. Little is known of his early life, but in 368 BC he fought as a common soldier in the war between Corinth and Argos. Then, still in the mid-360s BC, Timoleon dramatically murdered his brother, the power-mad and unpopular Timophanes, ending his tyranny at Corinth.

Timoleon isn’t heard from again until two decades later when he was chosen to lead an expedition to Syracuse (Corinth’s former colony) in 344 BC against the dual threat of the tyrant Dionysius II and possible invasion from Carthage. With a force consisting of 700 mercenaries and ten ships, Timoleon arrived at Tauromenium in 344 BC and promptly defeated the tyrant of Leontini, Hicetas, in a battle at Adranum. Once further reinforcements arrived Timoleon then led an attack on Syracuse itself. He was supported by several Sicilian cities tired of Dionysius’ oppressive reign over the region. The campaign was a success and Dionysius II was forced to live in exile back at Corinth.

Timoleon was not allowed to enjoy his success for long, though, as an army from Carthage chose this moment of political instability to invade Sicily yet again in 341 BC. Timoleon engaged the enemy near the river Crimisus (or Krimisos) in the west of the island and, by attacking first when their force was divided by the river and for a second time during a violent thunderstorm, managed to defeat the Carthaginians despite having a much smaller army at his disposal (6,000 against 70,000 according to Plutarch). Although defeated and having lost over 12,000 men, the Carthaginians could still field a sizeable army and cause trouble. The result was a bargain between Timoleon and the Carthaginians in 338 BCE which divided the island into two spheres of influence. He would keep to the eastern half of the island if they stayed in the western part.

Timoleon then proceeded to systematically take over the government of the various tyrannies in his domain, gave cities a greater level of autonomy, and established a new constitution at Syracuse. Shortly thereafter he died peacefully of old age in the mid-330s BC after earlier retiring voluntarily from public office when his eyesight failed. He was buried in the agora of Syracuse and the following inscription was made to commemorate his deeds: ‘He overthrew the tyrants, subdued the barbarians, repopulated the largest of the devastated cities, and then restored their laws to the people of Sicily’ (Plutarch, 187).
2 commentsNathan P
HGC-1548.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse: Hieron II (275-215 BCE) Ć Hemilitron (BAR Issue 62; CNS 195 Ds 42 R1 8; HGC 2, 1548)16 viewsObv: Diademed head left; wreath to right
Rev: Warrior, holding couched lance, on horse prancing right; monogram to lower right; IEΡΩNOΣ in exergue
Quant.Geek
HGC-1550.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse: Hieron II (275-215 BCE) Ć Litra (BAR Issue 60; cf. CNS 197; HGC 2, 1550)23 viewsObv: Head of Poseidon left, wearing tainia
Rev: Ornamented trident head; flanked by dolphins downward, ΙΕΡΩΝΟΣ beside base
Quant.Geek
HGC_2-1451.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse: Pyrrhos (278-276 BCE) Ć Unit (B&S Type 5; BAR Issue 52; HGC 2, 1451; Sear 1213var)20 viewsObv: ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΩΝ; Head of Herakles left, wearing lion-skin
Rev: Athena Promachos advancing right, holding thunderbolt and shield; trident head to left
Quant.Geek
Artemis_WTbolt~0.jpg
SICILY, Syracuse; Agathokles - Artemis/Winged Thunderbolt. 317-289 BC. Æ Litra78 views
Syracuse; Agathokles, 317-289 BC. Ć Litra

Obv: SWTEIRA type: Adorned head of Artemis* right, wearing triple-pendant, earring and necklace, with quiver over her shoulder.

Rev: Winged thunderbolt, [AGA](Theta)OKLEOS above, B[ASIL]EOS below.
( AGAQOKLEOS BASILEOS )

Mint: Syracuse, Sicily
Struck: Period 4 / ca. 295 BC.

Size: 21 mm.
Weight: Litra (5.9 grams)
Condition: Fine
Patina: Rich flat brown

SNG ANS 708; SNG Copenhagen 779.

(Better photo pending)
* Olympian
1 commentsTiathena
greek13.jpg
Sicily,Syracuse. AE 18 Hemilitron21 viewsSNG ANS 415-25 / 400-390 BC
obv: head of nymph l. wearing ampyx and sphendone.
two leaves be hind.
rev: dolphin swimming r., scallop shell below
hill132
hieron_trident.jpg
SICILY--SYRACUSE, HIERON II9 viewsHieron II
Tyrant: 275 - 215BC
AE 19.0mm 6.09g
O.: Diademed head of Poseidon left.
R: Ornamented trident head, dolphin downward flanking on each side, ΙΕΡΩ−ΝΟΣ in lower field divided by shank.
cf: BMC Sicily p. 218, 588 ff.; SNG Cop 844 ff.
laney
302798_0_zoom.jpg
Sicily. Messana. The Mamertinoi. Ae Quadruple Unit (288-278 BC).24 views27 mm, 19.38 g

Obverse: APEOΣ Laureate head of Ares to right; behind, helmet.

Reverse: MAMEPTINΩN Eagle standing to left on thunderbolt.

Calciati I, 92, 3. SNG ANS 402.

After the tyrant of Syracuse Agathocles died in 289 BC, the majority of his mercenaries became unemployed. Some bands dispersed but the Mamertines attempted to stay in Syracuse. Hailing from Campania (a region in southern Italy), perhaps related to the Samnites, the civilized Greeks did not take kindly to a large armed mob of uncultured barbaroi loitering around the Hellenistic center of Sicily. Barred from settling in Syracuse, these mercenaries headed north until they came across the town of Messana on the north-east tip of Sicily.

The city offered its hospitality to the band of mercenaries and in return the mercenaries slaughtered many of the men and leading figures of the city and claimed it for themselves. The women and possessions were split among the mercenaries as their own. It was at this time that the mercenaries seem to officially proclaim themselves as the Mamertines as they began to mint their own coinage. The name Mamertines means the sons of Mamers, Mamers being an Italic war god with the Latin equivalent of Mars. Soon afterwards, the Italian town of Rhegium suffered a similar fate.

With Messana and its sister city of Rhegium across the strait, the Mamertines held a commanding position in Sicily and the shipping routes that passed through the Strait of Messina. With Messana as a base of operations the Mamertines were able to plunder, pirate, and raid the surrounding countryside with considerable success. Syracuse was unable to react immediately due to its internal political disorder. This left Sicily split between Carthage in the west and disunited Greeks and Mamertines elsewhere.

When Hiero II of Syracuse attempted to dislodge the Mamertines in 265, they enlisted the aid of a nearby Carthaginian fleet, whose swift intervention forced Hiero to withdraw. The Mamertines soon regretted the Carthaginian occupation and appealed to Rome for protection, citing their status as Italians. Rome was hesitant to become entangled in a conflict outside of Italy or to come to the aid of the piratical Mamertines. Yet Rome's fear of a Carthaginian stronghold so close to Italy—and greed for plunder in what they assumed would be a short war against Syracuse—outweighed their concerns. The Romans invaded Sicily and marched to the Mamertines' aid.

When the Mamertines learned that the Romans were approaching, they persuaded the Carthaginian general to withdraw his forces from the city. The general, regretting this decision to abandon the city, took the fateful steps of allying with Hiero. The combined Carthaginian and Syracusan forces then besieged Messana. After attempts to negotiate a truce failed, Carthage and Rome began hostilities. Both sides were confident of a quick and decisive victory. Neither side anticipated the horror that was to come: a ferocious, generation-long war that would transform the Roman and Carthaginian empires, upend the balance of power in the western Mediterranean, and set the stage for Hannibal's avenging assault on Italy.
Nathan P
sicily2.jpg
Sicily. Syracuse AE 1211 viewsSecond Democracy. 466-405 BC. Ć Onkia. Struck circa 425-420 BC. Female / Octopus. CNS 9; Favorito type 4 (c. 440-425 BC). Ex Classical Numismatic GroupPodiceps
sicily1.jpg
Sicily. Syracuse AE 15, cuttle-fish12 viewsSicily. Syracuse, Dionysios I. 405-367 BC. Ć Tetra. Struck circa 400 BC. Arethusa in profile / Octopus. CNS 14. ex Classical Numismatic Group
Podiceps
Syracuse_Litra.jpg
Sicily. Syracuse AR Litra59 viewsHead of Arethusa right

Wheel with four spokes; Σ-Y-R-A between.

Deinomenid Tyranny 485-466 BC.

0.52g

Rare

Boehringer 402; SNG ANS 124-6.

Ex-ANE from an old collection.
3 commentsJay GT4
Hieron_horseman_k.jpg
SICILY. Syracuse. Hieron II, 274-216 BC4 viewsĆ27, 17.1g, 3h.
Obv.: Laureate head of Hieron II left.
Rev.: ΙΕΡΟΝΩΣ; Horseman galloping right, holding spear; below horse, Φ.
Reference: HGC 2, 1547; CNS II 193 / 17-131-77
John Anthony
AgyrionLitra30_30g.jpg
SICILY: Agyrion6 viewsAE litra of Agyrion, 344-336 BC, Herakles in lion skin headress to right/ Forepart of Acheloos Palagkaios as a man-faced bull to right. Overstruck on a bronze drachm of Syracuse. 31.30g. CNS III, p. 121, no. 5/9 (this coin illustrated); MSP I, 4.

Ex. Lindgren (per CNG description, e-Auction 143, lot. 15)
Illustrated in Calciati (CNS III, p. 121, no. 5/9)
Ex. Tom Virzi Collection (Tav. 24, No. 727)
Molinari
BMC_122_Tetradracma_SIRACUSA.jpg
SIRACUSA - Sicilia - Italia22 views2da. Democracia (466-405 A.C.)
AR Tetradracma 26.2 mm - 16.52 gr

Luego de la muerte del dictador Hieron, una democracia similar a la de Atenas fue restaurada en el 466 A.C., la Polis era gobernada por un Consejo y Asamblea Popular, con un Ejecutivo que consistía en Generales y Estrategas elegidos. Siracusa se enfrentó con Atenas en el 427-424 A.C. y luego entre el 415-413 A.C., resultando victoriosa.

Anv: Cuadriga avanzando lentamente a derecha, conducida por auriga que sostiene kentron y las riendas. Arriba una Nike volando que corona a los caballos.
Rev: Cabeza de la Náyade Aretusa viendo a derecha, vistiendo su cabello atado con cuatro cintas, aros de doble lazo y fino collar, Cuatro delfines nadando a su alrededor. "ΣYΡAKOΣION", delante.

En la mitología griega, Aretusa era una náyade hija de un dios fluvial arcadio y conocida cazadora. Alfeo se enamoró perdidamente de ella, pero Aretusa, que se había prometido permanecer siempre virgen, pidió auxilio a su compańera Artemisa, que la transformó en corriente de agua para que huyera así de las solicitudes del dios. Cuando se vio totalmente acorralada, Aretusa dirigió su curso bajo el mar y apareció en la isla de Ortigia, generando el manantial que lleva su nombre, cerca de Siracusa. Queriendo aún así materializar su amor, el río Alfeo mezcló desde entonces sus aguas con las de la fuente Aretusa. La ninfa fue divinizada por los habitantes del lugar, que le dedicaron numerosa poesía bucólica y la representaron en las monedas rodeada de delfines.

Acuńación: 430 - 420 A.C.
Ceca: Siracusa - Sicilia - Italia

Referencias: B.M.C. (Sicily) #122 Pag. 162 (Mismos cuńos) - HGC 2 #1320 - SNG ANS #219 (Misma moneda) - SNG Cop #661 (Mismos cuńos) - Boehringer, serie XXII #675 (V338/R462) - Sear GTV I #932 Pag.98
mdelvalle
1boyd_nuovo.jpg
Siracusa, Hiketas II (287-278 a.C.), Boyd collection36 viewsSICILY.SYRACUSE, Hiketas II (287-278 d.C.)
AE, 8.87 gr, 25 mm, 2h, BB
D/ testa laureata di Zeus Hellanios a dx
R/ aquila stante a sin con fulmine e ali aperte
Ref: SNG ANS 790.
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (31 agosto 2009, numero catalogo 14), ex Pavlos S. Pavlou collection, London Uk (2009), ex Baldwin's auction 42 2005, London Uk (parte del lotto 6), ex W.C. Boyd collection, London Uk (luglio 1890), ex Baldwin collection, London Uk (1890).
paolo
1boyd_siracusana.jpg
Siracusa, Seconda democrazia (466-405 a.C.), Boyd collection24 viewsSyracuse. Second Democracy, Ć Tetras, Struck circa 425 BC
Ć ,16,28 mm, 4,1 gr, BB
D/ Head of Arethusa right
R/ Octopus; three pellets around
SNG ANS 376 var. (two dolphins on obv.)
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo (Roma, Italia dal 17 marzo 2017, numero catalogo 272); ex collezione M. R. (Savona, Italia, dal 2 ottobre 2016); ex collezione privata (Germania, dall'ottobre 2005); ex Baldwin's 42, London, 26 settembre 2005); ex Boyd collection (London, fino al 1906); ex Baldwin London (prima del 1906).
paolo
SNG_Lloyd_TOC~0.pdf
SNG Lloyd. Table of Contents.9 viewsSNG Great Britain, Volume II, The Lloyd Collection | Table of Contents
Covers 1687 Coins, 59 Plates.
Notable: Strictly Italy and Sicily, especially Syracuse. Scant descriptions.
Anaximander
Spain- Taragona- Amphitheatre.jpg
Spain- Taragona- Amphitheatre46 viewsThis conventional seating may be observed at the amphitheatre at Tarragona in northern Spain. Tarraco, its Latin name, was the capital of the province of Hispania Tarraconensis. The seating is essentially the same as that found in Rome’s Colosseum. The amphitheatre’s construction is dated to the second century AD, a time of extensive building of centres of public entertainment throughout the Mediterranean. On the right side, the seating was hewn from the bedrock, while on the left, or seaward side, the seating was built up from blocks, a phenomenon also found at Syracuse in Sicily.

However, in a recent visit to Pompeii some interesting divergence from the norm is easily to be observed, for which no reason appears to have been voiced. The town of Pompeii, destroyed in the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius in AD 79, had a population in excess of 10,000, and was clearly a place of sufficient wealth to

sport not only an amphitheatre seating 20,000, but also a traditional Greek theatre and a smaller building called the Odeon. The "large" theatre, as it is now called, can seat an audience of 5,000, the "small" theatre, which was roofed, had accommodation for 500. Seating was according to rank, it is supposed, two side boxes (rather like the royal boxes of later theatres) for honoured guests, an inner cavea for the decurions or magistrates of the town, the middle rows for the more wealthy members of the community, the upper tiers for the ordinary citizens. If one looks closely it is clearly noticeable that this inner cavea consists of the first four or five rows of benches.

It is clear that, unlike the earlier form of the Greek theatres, the front rows are considerably wider than those higher up in the auditorium. The size of the seating is far beyond the dimensions of even a large and well-endowed personage, extending inwards for a good metre or more. The reasons for the additional size are unclear, because the larger width does not make these benches any more comfortable for the sitter, if anything they provide less support than the more narrow benches above. Presumably, the spectators brought cushions with them for lengthy performances in much the same way as fans for rugby or cricket matches do today. One solution may be that the wider seating allowed the dignatory to relax by reclining as if at dinner though this can hardly have been a posture acceptable for a quasi-religious festival nor one which would have endeared these wealthy members of the community to their less well-endowed fellows higher up, even if conspicuous consumption was the order of the day, particularly during the Roman empire.

In the "large" theatre the first four rows, in the "small" theatre and in the amphitheatre the first five rows stand out from the rest and, in fact, have their special place denoted by a partition. In some of the theatres in Greece, the officials judging the competitions, which were part and parcel of the festivals, and high ranking citizens might occupy a special bench, or the first row of the auditorium, but the broad nature of the bench at Pompeii appears unique. Pompeii began as a Oscan settlement in the 8th century BC and was heavily Hellenised by the 6th century. Thereafter, Pompeii had a fairly chequered history, being conquered and lost by the Etruscans and Samnites, before becoming a Roman colony in 80 BC. The Samnites of the central hills and the more local Oscan speakers, an Italic dialect which survived down to the period of the empire, remained culturally and linguistically influential, and it is possible that the Greek practice of uniformity in seating was altered by these Italic tribes who, at times, controlled Pompeii. On the other hand, there could be direct Roman or even Etruscan influence, though this formalised partitioning of seating is not seen in any of the archeaological sites in Rome or in nearby Campania, for example at Puteoli or at Capua. Finally, as for what purpose the large widths were intended, without clear evidence, and certainly with no ancient mention, means that speculation takes over. It could be that wooden seats rather like thrones were brought in, even sedan chairs for the high and mighty of the town, though it is worth bearing in mind that high-backed chairs easily obscured the views of those scarcely less wealthy immediately behind. The Roman males, it will be remembered, tended to lounge on low couches when they ate, rather than sitting in upright seats, which became popular only in the later Byzantine period. It also seems likely that, given the amount of space, it was not just the men who were seated here but entire families - perhaps picnic baskets as well. Refreshments were provided during performances, but the wealthy possibly brought their own equivalents of the modern cool bags and six-packs. The illustrations of the three places of entertainment at Pompeii do not appear to suggest that these special seating are the product of modern reconstructions, some of which have proved disastrous to ancient sites; and, therefore, there seems to be no alternative to accepting at least the idea that preferential seating was the order of the day in this rather provincial town on the Bay of Naples. Etruscan tombs often show their owners in a reclining position as if at a meal, and other forms of entertainment also feature which, overall, might suggest an influence here from north of the River Tiber.

Having dwelt at length, as it were, with the bottoms and the bottom-most seats of the ancient theatres and amphitheatres I now want to move on to the general ambience of the structure. The Roman amphitheatre or hippodrome were dirty smelly places where, by the end of the day’s proceedings, the stench from the dead and dying must have made an abatoir a sweet-smelling location. It is recorded that sprinkler systems were used in the Colosseum to spray the audience and the arena floor with scented water to alleviate the foulness of the atmosphere. By way of contrast, the Greek theatre must have been a place of peace and serenity, except for sore buttocks and aching backs.

Many commentators of the ancient theatre have sadly noted that the early pristine form, as found today at Epidaurus and Segesta, generally underwent alterations during the Roman period. It is noted that the slightly more than a semi-circular design was largely filled in during later antiquity by the Roman scena; and today many examples of the traditional Greek theatres sport Roman brickwork at the front which reached the same height, in some cases, as the uppermost tier of the cavea or auditorium. This height also allowed for a velabrum or canvass cover to be used to provide shade or shelter from the elements. At Taormina, ancient Tauromenium, for example:

"The brick scenic wall was preceded by a row of nine granite columns crowned by Corinthian capitals, which had both a decorative and bearing function, in that they supported the higher parts of the stage. The niches in the wall contained marble statues. On the sides, there are remains of the ‘parascenia’, square rooms used by actors and for scenic fittings. The actors entered the stage through side openings. A further row of sixteen columns closer to the orchestra framed the decorative front of the stage."

This is quite a departure from the earlier simplicity of the Greek theatre. However, it is certainly arguable that Baroque is not necessarily less pleasing than Romanesque even if blocking out the natural view also took the theatre out of its topographical or geographical context. For the purists among us, more sacrilege occurred, for instance, again at Taormina, where the first nine rows of the seating were removed making the orchestra large enough for gladiatorial combats and beast hunts, while at the same time allowing the audience safety high above the blood sports taking place below them. Of course, the construction of a front wall can easily be accounted for by the changing tastes in the entertainment itself, while the local audience presumably knew the view pretty well, and did not come to the theatre to gaze at Mount Etna. Furthermore, Taormina, high up on a hill overlooking the sea, had no extra space on which to build a new amphitheatre, more regularly the venue for gladiatorial combats. And it is also quite possible that there were simply insufficient funds. Taormina was neither a large nor a wealthy city.

Meanwhile, at Delphi the scena was "low so that the audience could enjoy the wonderful view", says one expert. Nonetheless, while the modern tourist may find the view as gratifying if not more so than the ruined theatre, the ancient audience came too see and hear the performances in honour of the Pythian Apollo. The ancient Greeks did not come for the view, they came for theatrical, religious even mystic experience. It is the modern philistine in us who enjoys the view. That being the case, the construction of the ancient theatre had little to do with searching for a site with a nice aspect, though these obviously exist, even in abundance, but for acoustic perfection and adequate accommodation. Finally, the best seats were closest to the stage and its proceedings, while the worst seats, for looking at the productions, had the best views. Does this mean that the most wealthy, with the largest bottoms, were obliged to watch the entertainment with no chance of letting the mind wander to the natural surroundings? Or does it mean that the women, slaves and poorest citizens, who sat high above the productions, probably could not hear or see what was going on hence took in the nice view instead. Therein lies the morality tale embedded in the title of this paper. If you had the means you were forced to take in the culture. If you were female or poor you could let your mind wander to other matters, including wonderful views of nature.
John Schou
GAE404_O~1.jpg
Syracusan Imitation Ptolemaic Diobol of Hieron II ca. 265BC169 viewsPtolemy II Philadelphos - Syracuse Issue of Hieron II - Diobol - 285/246BC
AE 26.9-28.4mm : 14.736gm : 2h
OBV - Laureate Zeus facing right
REV - Eagle standing on thunderbolt facing left, wing open, head facing left, no leg monogram, shield in left field, N control letter behind eagle tail at right. BASILEOS right, PTOLEMAIOY left
REF - Svoronos 619
NOTE - This type actually struck in Syracuse by Hieron II ca. 265BC. New research just published on this subject (2007). The paper that presents this new attribution is available online at www.ptolemybronze.com.
1 commentsPtolemAE
90058-Syracuse.jpg
Syracuse 38 viewsSyracuse Litrae
27 mm 13.38 gm
O: Veiled head of Queen Philistis left
R: Nike in quadriga right
Koffy
P1180972.jpg
Syracuse - 12 1/2 Litra55 viewsSICILY
Syracuse
Struck under Agathokles
c. 310 - 305/300 BC.
EL Quarter Stater or 12 1/2 Litra (Reduced Corinthian Standard)
Av.: Laureate head of Apollo left
Rev.: Kithara - ΣYPAK - OΣIΩN
1,84 Gr.
HGC 2 - 1295 (R1)
3 commentsnummis durensis
815_Syracuse.jpg
Syracuse - AE9 viewsc. 212-133 BC
laureate head of Apollo left
tripod with lebes
ΣΥΡAK_OΣIΩN
Calciati p. 419, 212
ex Lucernae
Johny SYSEL
Agathocles.jpg
Syracuse - AE hemilitron7 viewsunder Agathocles
317-289 BC
head of Kore left wreathed with grain, amthora ?
ΣΥΡAKOΣIΩN
bull butting left, dolphin above and below
(NK)
cf. Calciati II p. 218, 96 DS 114 R1 4
8,13g
Johny SYSEL
Syracuse~0.jpg
Syracuse - AE litra7 viewsDionysios I
405-367 BC
helmeted head of Athena left
ΣYPA
Hippocamp left
Calciati vol. II, p. 89, 45
7,28g
Johny SYSEL
syracus_hemidrachme.jpg
Syracuse - Hemidrachm18 viewsSICILY
Syracuse
Struck under Timoleon and the Third Democracy
Ca. 343 - 317 BC.
AR Hemidrachm (Corinthian Standard)
Av.: Female head left; Lion head to her right - EY below
Rev.: Forepart Pegasus flying left - ΣYPAKOΣIΩN around
1,11 Gr.
SNG ANS 5, no. 1185
HGC Vol. 2, 1406 (R2)
nummis durensis
GAE330.jpg
Syracuse - Hieron II 275/216BC212 viewsAE 25.9-27.4mm : 16.524gm : 4h
OBV - Diademed Hieron II portrait facing left
REV - Helmetted cuirassed warrior on horseback facing right with spear. SIGMA monogram below horse leg. HIERONOS in exergue.
REF - CNS II 387 - 195 Rl 22/2
5 commentsPtolemAE
5.jpg
Syracuse - Litra20 viewsSyracuse
Litra
415 - 405 BC
Av.: (ΣYPAKOΣION). Head of Arethousa right, wearing sphendone
Rev.: Octopus
0,60 Gr.,
SGN ANS 5, nos. 282-283, 286
HGC 2 - 1379 (R2)
nummis durensis
octopus.jpg
Syracuse - Litra16 viewsSyracuse
Litra
415 - 405 BC
Av.: (ΣYPAKOΣION). Head of Arethousa right, wearing pearl tainia
Rev.: Octopus
0,66 Gr.,
SGN ANS 5, nos. 282-283, 286
HGC 2 - 1379 Var. (R2)
nummis durensis
siracusa,_aretusa,_quadr_incuso,_.jpg
Syracuse - trias (412-389 bC)30 viewsArethusa / incuse square
arcaic type
antvwala
a_(50).jpg
Syracuse 485-466 BC. Deinomenid Tyranny10 viewsSyracuse 485-466 BC.

Deinomenid Tyranny

Obv: Pearl-diademed head of Arethusa right, wearing necklace.

Rev: Four-spoked wheel.

Diameter: 8 mm. / Weight: 0,59 / Material: Silver

Denomination: AR - OBOL

Refs: Boehringer 286
emporiton
01-Syra_0030-2_Ns.jpg
Syracuse Agathokles 317-289 BC19 viewsBust of Artemis right. SOTEIPA in right field
AGATHOKLEOS BASILEOS, thunderbolt
7.5 gr
Ref : Sear #1200
Potator II
01-Syra_0040.jpg
Syracuse Agathokles 317-289 BC37 viewsHead of Hercules right, SIPAKOSIWN in right field
Lion walking right, bow above
7.75 gr, 23 mm
Ref : Sear #1201
Potator II
01-Syra_0030.jpg
Syracuse Agathokles 317-289 BC35 viewsBust of Artemis right. SOTEIPA in right field
AGATHOKLEOS BASILEOS, thunderbolt
8.43 gr, 22 mm
Ref : Sear #1200
Potator II
01-Syra_0020.jpg
Syracuse Agathokles 317-289 BC119 viewsSYPAKOSYWN. Head of Kore left
Bull butting left, two dolphins and linked VA in field
6.0 gr, 20 mm
Ref : Sear #1195 var
2 commentsPotator II
SyracuseAgathokles4dr.jpg
Syracuse Agathokles Tetradrachm110 viewsSyracuse, Sicily. Agathokles (317-289BC). AR tetradrachm- 17,02 gram, ca 310-305BC
Obv: Wreathed head of Arethusa left, three dolphins around, NI below neck
Rev: SURAKOSIWN Charioteer driving quadriga left, holding kentron in right hand, reins in left, triskeles above, AI monogram in exergue. SNG ANS 639. Mac Clean 2818. gVF.
2 commentsLordBest
SyracuseAgathoklesTetradrachm.JPG
Syracuse Agathokles Tetradrachm 147 viewsSyracuse, Sicily. Agathokles (317-289BC). AR tetradrachm- 17,02 gram, ca 310-305BC
Obv: Wreathed head of Arethusa left, three dolphins around, NI below neck
Rev: SURAKOSIWN Charioteer driving quadriga left, holding kentron in right hand, reins in left, triskeles above, AI monogram in exergue. SNG ANS 639. Mac Clean 2818. gVF.

The scratch is barely visible in hand, far less distracting that it appears in the picture.
8 commentsLordBest
syracuse_01.jpg
Syracuse AR Hemidrachm37 viewsObv: Arethusa head l., dolphins either side.
Rev: Triga of horses galloping r., Nike flying toward charioteer.
Year: 399-387 BC
Weight: 1.77 g
Cat #: McClean 2724/25
Notes: Rare
oa
agahok.jpg
Syracuse coin of Agathocles 8 viewsA Syracuse coin of Agathocles.chuy1530
dubbel.jpg
Syracuse Dilitron of Timleon15 viewsRuler: Timoleon
State, City: Sicily, Syracuse
Coin: VF bronze Drachm/Dilitron
ΣIEYΣΕΛΕΥΘΕΡΙΟΣ - Laureate head of Zeus Eleutherios left
ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΩΝ - Horse prancing left.
Mint: (circa 339/8-334)
Wt./Size/Axis: 17.20g / 27mm / 10h
References:
SNG ANS 533-41
SNG Lloyd 1456-7
SNG Cop 725
Calciati 80-6
Constantine
40C5EAE0-2E6B-49F6-B3D0-9306B0823993.jpeg
Syracuse Fourth Democracy (289 - 287 B.C.)26 viewsNumismatic evidence suggests that republican government existed for a few years between the death of Agathokles and Hicetas' assumption of power; this is sometimes referred to as the Fourth Democracy (289 - 287 B.C.). GB88303. Bronze AE 22, Calciati II p. , 148 Ds 59/1, cf. SNG Cop 782 (uncertain control), HGC 2 148 (R2) var. (∆ vice thunderbolt), SNG ANS -, gVF, superb style, well centered on a tight flan cutting off the obverse legend, brown patina, some hard green encrustation, Syracuse, Sicily mint, weight 8.524g, maximum diameter 21.7mm, die axis 270o, 289 - 288 B.C.; obverse DIOΣ EΛEYΘEPOY, laureate head of Zeus Eleutherios left, thunderbolt behind; reverse thunderbolt with four wings, ΣYPAK/OΣIΩN in two lines, above and below; ex CNG e-auction 233 (26 May 2010), lot 110; ex Harlan J. Berk.4 commentsMark R1
Poseidon 2.jpg
Syracuse Hieron II 275-216 BC44 viewsHead of Poseidon left
IEPWN Trident between two dolphins
8.57 gr
Ref : Sear #1223
This one is now in Tiathena's gallery, I'm sure she will take great care of it...
2 commentsPotator II
01-Syra_0070.jpg
Syracuse Hieron II 275-216 BC47 viewsHead of Poseidon left
IEPWN Trident between two dolphins
9.07 gr, 22 mm
Ref : Sear #1223
1 commentsPotator II
01-Syra_0080.jpg
Syracuse Hieron II 275-216 BC49 viewsΣΙΡΑΚΟΣΙΩΝ, head of Kore left
Pegasus left, Delta in field
4.0 gr, 18 mm
1 commentsPotator II
01-Syra_0060.jpg
Syracuse Hieron II 275-216 BC56 viewsAnepigraph - Laureate head of Hieron left
Horseman prancing right with spear in hand. At exergue, IEPWN
18.23 gr, 27 mm
Ref : Sear # 1222
2 commentsPotator II
01-Syra_0050.jpg
Syracuse Hiketas 288-279 BC69 viewsHead of Zeus hellanios right
ΣΙΡΑΚ ΟΣΙΩΝ. Eagle left, wings open, star and A in field
8.95 gr, 23 mm
Ref : Sear # 1212
2 commentsPotator II
sicily3.jpg
Syracuse Hippocamp22 viewsSicily. Syracuse Ć Litra. Struck circa 400-390 BC. Athena / Hippocamp. CNS 41. Favorito type 11 (c. 413-357 BC). ex Classical Numismatic Group.Podiceps
persephonesyracuse.jpg
Syracuse Persephone Bull c. 317-310 B.C.12 viewsAgathocles: Tyrant of Syracuse c. 317-289, King of Sicily 304-289 B.C.
Bronze 17mm (3.10 grams) Struck circa 317-310 B.C.
Obv: ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΩ�, Persephone left, ear of grain behind.
Rev: Bull standing left, head lowered and facing, dolphin above, ÎŁA in exergue.
mjabrial
PoseidonSyracuse.jpg
Syracuse Poseidon c. 270-215 B.C.13 viewsGreek city of Syracuse in Sicily
Bronze 18mm (5.16 grams) under King Hieron II, 270-215 B.C.
Obv: Head of Poseidon left, wearing tainia.
Rev: Ornamented trident-head, between two dolphins, dividing IEPΩ - NOΣ.
Ref: Sear 1223; B.M.C. 2. 603.
mjabrial
syrac2.jpg
Syracuse Tetradrachm104 viewsSyracuse --AR Tetradrachm (17.18gm). 474-450 BC. Slow quad. r., Nike flying r. above to crown horses / Hd. of Arethusa r., wearing pearl diadem, hair rolled at back, four dolphins around. Boehringer 579, (V288/R385) 2 commentsfeatherz
Syracuse.JPG
Syracuse tetradrachm103 viewsSICILY, Syracuse. Deinomenid Tyranny. 485-466 BC. AR Tetradrachm. Struck under Hieron I, circa 475-470 BC. Charioteer driving slow quadriga right, holding kentron and reins; above, Nike flying right, crowning horses with wreath / Diademed head of Arethusa right, wearing single-pendant earring and necklace; four dolphins around. SNG ANS 1072 commentsAuer
syracuse.jpg
Syracuse Tetradrachm149 viewsTetradrachm c. 430. Slow quadriga with bearded driver to r. Nike flying r. and crowning horses. Rev. SURAKOSIWN head of Arethusa in sakkos, decorated with Maeander design and zig-zag design; wreath on ampyx. Boehringer 642
17,25 g
2 commentspaparoupa
SYRAC1.JPG
Syracuse Tetradrachm56 viewsSicile, Syracuse, 510-500 BC AR Tétradrachme 17.43g.
D:/SVRA Quadrige au pas ŕ droite.
R:/Carré creux partagé en quatre carrés. Au centre dans un cercle creux, tęte d'Aréthuse ŕ gauche, les cheveux en pointillé retombant sur la nuque.
Boehringer 28 (V20/R14)
ex Chandon de Briailles collection sale Emile Bourgey 1959 lot 156
1 commentsBrennos
syrac.jpg
Syracuse Tetradrachm61 viewsSicile, Syracuse, 399-387 BC AR Tetradrachme 16.82g.
D:/quadrige au galop a g., Nike volant ŕ dr. couronne l'aurige, ŕ l’exergue dauphin nageant ŕ g.
R:/ΣYRAKOΣIΩN Tęte d'Aréthuse ŕ g., un large bandeau dans les cheveux, quatre dauphins au pourtour
Tudeer 92 O33/R64
1 commentsBrennos
syrac4bis.jpg
Syracuse Tetradrachm23 viewsSicile, Syracuse, 466-406 av. J.C. AR Tétradrachme 17.11g.
D:/Bige au pas ŕ d., conduit par un aurige tenant les ręnes et le kentron ; le bige est couronné par Niké volant ŕ droite. A l'exergue un Ketos.
R:/ΣVRΑΚΟ-ΣΙ-Ο-Ν , Tęte d'Aréthuse ŕ d., les cheveux relevés et retenus par un large bandeau, entourée de quatre dauphins.
ref. Boehringer 536 (V 274 / R 374), HGC Sicily 1316
1 commentsBrennos
syrac2bis.jpg
Syracuse Tetradrachm19 viewsSicile, Syracuse, 480-470 av. J.C. AR Tétradrachme 17.31g.
D:/Bige au pas ŕ d., conduit par un aurige tenant les ręnes et le kentron ; le bige est couronné par Niké volant ŕ droite.
R:/ΣVRΑΚΟΣΙΟ-Ν , Tęte d'Aréthuse ŕ d., les cheveux relevés et retenus par un diadčme de perles, entourée de quatre dauphins.
ref. Boehringer 270 (V123/R187), HGC Sicily 1307
Brennos
syrac5_B_676.jpg
Syracuse Tetradrachm20 viewsSicile, Syracuse, 435-420 av. J.C. AR Tétradrachme 17.22g.
D:/Bige au pas ŕ d., conduit par un aurige tenant les ręnes et le kentron ; les chevaux sont couronnés par Niké volant ŕ droite.
R:/ΣVRΑ-ΚΟ-Σ(Ι)-ΟΝ , Tęte d'Aréthuse ŕ d., le chignon ligaturé horizontal derričre la tęte, entourée de quatre dauphins.
ref. Boehringer 676.1 this coin (V338/R463), HGC Sicily 1320
Ex Merzbacher Auktion 2 nov. 1909 lot 2563
1 commentsBrennos
Syracuse4D.jpg
Syracuse Tetradrachm Boehringer.59674 viewsSICILY, Syracuse.
Circa 440-430 BC.
Tetradrachm (17.27 gm)
Charioteer driving walking quadriga left, holding kentron in right hand, reins in both; Nike flying above crowning horses; ketos swimming left in exergue

SY-PAKOSION, head of Arethusa right wearing earrings and necklace with pendant, hair tied with two hair bands, surrounded by four dolphins swimming clockwise.

Boehringer 596 (V294/R402); SNG ANS 194 (same dies); SNG Lockett 947 (same dies); Kraay-Hirmer pl. 30, 89 (reverse die illustrated).

beautiful portrait
rare coin
1 commentsgb29400
timoleonbis.jpg
Syracuse Time of Timoleon - AE-Dilitron39 viewsSicily Syracuse sous Timoleon, 344-336 BC, AE-Dilitron 21,22g
A:/ ΖΕΥΣ ΕΛΕΥΘΕΡΙΟΣ , Tęte barbue et laurée de Zeus ŕ gauche ; grčnetis circulaire.
R:/ ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΩΝ, Cheval libre bondissant ŕ gauche ; grčnetis circulaire.
Calciati 80 st 8/1 = Rizzo Tav LVIII n°6 = SNG Spencer-Churchill 62 (All this coin).
From the T. Virzi collection , Auction Leu 6, Zürich 1973, Nr. 223 (this coin illustrated on the front cover of the catalogue) and the Captain E. G. Spencer-Churchill collection , Auktion Ars Classica XVI, Luzern 1933, Nr. 813

PS : This coin has long been the most expensive greek bronze coin ever sold at an auction. With an estimation at 4,000 CHF It has realized an astounding 12,000 CHF at the famous Leu auction !!
it was at that time almost the price of a fine decadrachm.
it has only been surpassed on october 2017 (44 years later !), when Nomos has sold for 13,000 CHF a coin of the same type from the Moretti Collection (auction NAC 13 1998 n°499) . It's very personal but i definitly prefere mine :)

Brennos
01-Syra_0010.jpg
Syracuse Uncia c. 420 BC32 viewsHead of Arethusa right, SYPA in right field
Octopus, globe above
2.55 gr, 14 mm
Ref : Sear #1184, SNG ANS 376 ff
Potator II
Sicily_Syracuse_SNG-ANS5_708_gf.jpg
Syracuse, Agathokles3 viewsSicily, Syracuse, Agathokles. 317-289 BC. (AE 22mm, 9.54 gm). Bust of Artemis r., quiver at shoulder. ΣΩΤΕΙΡΑ. / Winged thunderbolt, ΑΓΑΘΟΚΛΕΟΣ above, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΟΣ below. VF. SNG ANS 5 #708-731; Calciati CNS II #142-145; HGC 2 #1537 ; SNG Cop 1 #779; SNG Lloyd 1511-1513. cf. Triton III #318. Anaximander
Sicily_Syracuse_SNG-ANS5_63_gf.jpg
Syracuse, Deinomenid Tyranny, Hieron I. 6 viewsSicily, Syracuse, Deinomenid Tyranny, Hieron I. 485-466 BC. AR Tetradrachm (17.37 gm) struck 478-475 BC. Charioteer driving quadriga r., Nike overhead. / Head of Arethusa r., hair in krobylos bound by taenia and wearing pearl necklace, four dolphins around. Σꓦꓤ-ΑΚΟ-ΣΙΟ-Ν (ꓣ inverted). gVF. CNG 81 #153. Ex-Stacks (7 Mar. 2006) #586; Ex-CNG Web Shop #77060. SNG ANS 5 #63 (same obv. die); Boehringer Syrakuse series IXa #198 (V88/R137); Dewing 722 (same dies); HGC 2 #1306. cf. Roma Num. E18 #94 (same dies); NAC A110 #10 (same obv. die). Anaximander
Sicily_Syracuse_Boehringer146_gf.jpg
Syracuse, Deinomenid Tyranny, Hieron I. 9 viewsSicily, Syracuse, Deinomenid Tyranny, Hieron I. 478-466 BC. AR Tetradrachm (17.26 gm) struck c. 478-475 BC. Charioteer driving quadriga r., Nike overhead. / Head of Arethusa r., hair in krobylos bound by taenia of pearls, wearing pearl necklace. Four dolphins around. ΣꓦꓣΑΚΟΣΙΟ-Ν. gVF. Boehringer VIIIb #146 (V65/R100); Randazzo 356; SNG Cop 1 #625; HGC 2 #1307 (same obv. die); Same dies: ACNAC Davis #49; Jameson 1908; Cosimo 209. cf. CNG 94 #106.1 commentsAnaximander
Sicily_Syracuse_SNG-ANS5_301_gf.jpg
Syracuse, Dionysios I2 viewsSicily, Syracuse, Dionysios I. 405-395 BC. AR Hemilitron (0.33 gm). Head of Arethusa l., hair in sphendone (sakkos). / ΣΥ ΡΑ and two dolphins within segments of four-spoke wheel. aVF. SNG ANS 5 #301-303; HGC 2 #1392; Boehringer, Munzpragungen pl. II #19; Manganaro, Mikra 27 & pl. 4 #43; Rizzo pl. XLVII #9; SNG Ashmolean 2019; SNG Cop 1 #669; SNG Lloyd 1379. Anaximander
Sicily_Syracuse_SNG-ANS5_293_gf.jpg
Syracuse, Dionysios I. 5 viewsSicily, Syracuse, Dionysios I. 405-395 BC. AR Litra (0.77 gm). Head of Arethusa l., hair in sphendone, dolphin to r. ΣꓦΡΑΚΟΣΙΩΝ before. / Octopus. A hidden legend (ΣΥΡΑΚΟΥ) is allegedly formed by the octopus tentacles. VF. Bt. FUN show, 2017. SNG ANS 5 #293-294; HGC 2 #1381; SNG Ashmolean 2018; SNG Cop 1 #675; SNG Fitzwilliam 1259; SNG Lloyd 1400-1402; SNG Munchen 1096 (all with same dies). 1 commentsAnaximander
syracuse_dolphin.jpg
Syracuse, dolphin19 viewsSyracuse, Sicily, c. 400 B.C. Bronze hemilitron, Calciati II p. 55, 24, F/VF, nice green patina, Syracuse mint, 4.379g, 15.7mm, 0o, c. 400 B.C.; obverse head of nymph left wearing ampyx and sphendone; reverse “SURA”, dolphin swimming right over scallop shell. ex FORVM1 commentsPodiceps
Fourth_Democracy.JPG
Syracuse, Fourth Democracy90 views289-288 BC
AE Litra (21mm, 9.57g, 7h)
O: Head of Artemis Soteira right, quiver over shoulder; ΣΩΤΕΙΡΑ before.
R: Winged thunderbolt; ΣΥΡΑΚ−ΟΣΙΩΝ above and below.
HGC 2, 1461; Calciati 138; SNG ANS 749; Sear 1207v
Scarce
ex Roma Numismatics

Somewhat scarcer than the earlier ΑΓΑΘΟΚΛΕΟΣ−ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ types, this coin was struck during the Agathokles-mandated but short lived Fourth Democracy.
2 commentsEnodia
Sicily_Syracuse_SNG-Lockett_1024_gf.jpg
Syracuse, Hieron II5 viewsSicily, Syracuse, Hieron II. 274-216 BC. AR 2 1/2 Litra (2.22 gm) struck 216-215 BC. Laureate head of Apollo l. / Isis standing l., holding scroll and palm branch, veil billowing behind, E in r. field. ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΟΙ. gVF. CNG 51 #156. SNG Lockett 1024 (same dies); Caltabiano et al. Siracusa 299 (D1/R1); Carroccio BAR 69 & Iero II p. 15 #1; HGC 2 #1420; Pozzi 666 (same dies); SNG Fitzwilliam 1440; SNG Lloyd 1571 (same dies). Rare. References disagree on the date of this type, from 275 BC (Hieron II) to the end of the 5th Republic in 212 BC.Anaximander
Sicily_Syracuse_SNG-ANS5_884_gf.jpg
Syracuse, Hieron II6 viewsSicily, Syracuse, Hieron II. 274-216 BC. AR 16 Litra (13.44 gm) struck c. 240-216 BC. Veiled and diademed head of Queen Philistis l., torch behind. / Fast quadriga driven r. by Nike, ΒΑΣΙΛΑΙΣΣΑΣ above, E (magistrate) below horses, ΦΙΛΙΣΤΙΔΟΣ in ex. EF. Pegasi 123 #42. SNG ANS 5 #884 (same dies) #886-887 (same obv. die); Burnett SNR 62, pl. 3 #47 (same dies); Cahn Basel #533; Caltabiano et al Siracusa #37 (D11/R-); Gulbenkian 355; HGC 2 #1553 (same obv. die) /1554; SNG Cop 1 #823. cf. Triton X #102, Nomos 15 #32. 1 commentsAnaximander
Comb14022017012950.jpg
Syracuse, Hieron II AE Litra30 viewsObv. Diademed head of Poseidon left.
Rev. IEPΩNOΣ, Ornamented trident head flanked by two dolphins; below, N.
SNG ANS cf. 964; Calciati II, 371, 194 Rl 14.
19 mm, 5.73 g
1 commentsCanaan
HieronII.JPG
Syracuse, Hieron II. AE2947 viewsAE29. Syracuse mint.

Obv. Diademed head left

Rev. Horseman riding right.

gVF.

LordBest
Sicily_Syracuse_SNG-ANS5_1028_gf.jpg
Syracuse, Hieronymos12 viewsSicily, Syracuse, Hieronymos. 215-214 BC. AR 10 Litrai (8.46 gm). Diademed head Hieronymos l., ꓘ to r. / Winged thunderbolt, magistrate name ΚΙ below, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΙΕΡΩΝΟΥΜΟΥ. EF. SNG ANS 5 #1028-1030 (same obv. die); ACNAC: Davis 63, Dewing 962 (same obv. die); HGC 2 #1567. Holloway (Portrait A) 1969 #41; SNG Lloyd 1565. cf. SNG Cop 1 #872-875 (monogram). 1 commentsAnaximander
syracuse_pegasos.jpg
Syracuse, Pegasus27 viewsSyracuse, Sicily, c. 336 - 317 B.C. Bronze AE 18, Calciati II p. 199, 85, aVF, rough, Syracuse mint, 3.787 g, 18.1mm, 315o, c. 336 - 317 B.C.; obverse “SURAKOSIWN”, laureate head of Apollo left; reverse , Pegasos with pointed wing flying to left, “D” below. ex, FORVMPodiceps
Agathokles~0.JPG
Syracuse, Reign of Agathokles48 views317-289 BC
AE20 (7.13g)
O: Young male head (Herakles?) right, wearing tainia; ΣYPAKOΣIΩN before.
R: Lion prowling right; club above.
HGC 2, 1465; SNG Cop 769; Lindgrin 111 527; Sear 1201v; BMC 2 389
ex Classica Antiquities
2 commentsEnodia
108.JPG
Syracuse, Reign of Agathokles72 views317-289 BC
AE16 (17mm, 3.71g)
O: Head of Kore (Persephone) left; ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΩΝ before, amphora behind.
R: Bull butting left; monogram above.
HGC 2, 1469; Calciati II, p. 238, 108; Sear 1195v
ex Aegean Numismatics

2 commentsEnodia
Persephone_tetradrachm.JPG
Syracuse, Reign of Agathokles96 views317-289 BC
AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 17.14g)
O: Wreathed head of Kore (Persephone) right, wearing pendant earring and necklace; KOPAΣ behind.
R: Nike standing right, hammer in right hand, erecting trophy; triskeles to lower left, [ΑΓΑΘΟΚΛΕΙΟΣ] behind, all within dotted border.
Struck between 313–295 BC.
HGC 2, 1536; SNG ANS 670-76; SNG Cop 766ff; Sear 972v; BMC 388v
ex Museum Surplus

“Kore, the Girl, is so intimately associated with her mother Demeter that they are often referred to simply as the Two Goddesses or even as Demeteres. Kore’s own enigmatic name is Persephone, or Phersephone, and in Attic Pherrephatta. In Homer she is mentioned alone and also in conjunction with her husband, Hades-Aidoneus, the personification of the underworld; her Homeric epithets are venerable, agaue, and awesome, epaine. Her two aspects, girl-like daughter of the Corn Goddess and Mistress of the Dead, are linked in the myth which, though ignored in heroic epic, is responsible almost exclusively for defining the picture of Demeter. The earliest extended version is the Homeric Hymn to Demeter, but Hesiod already alludes to it in the Theogony as an ancient and well known story, and aspects of the later tradition seem to preserve very ancient material.”
~ Walter Burkert (Greek Religion, 1985)
2 commentsEnodia
Syracuse_Timoleon.JPG
Syracuse, Reign of Dionysius I52 views405-367 BC
AE Litra (19mm, 8.63g)
O: Head of Athena left, wearing Corinthian helmet.
R: Hippocamp left, with curled wing.
Calciati 83,35; SNG ANS 435-46; Sear 1193v
1 commentsEnodia
Arethusa_AE.JPG
Syracuse, Reign of Dionysius I 39 views405-367 BC
AE Hemilitron (18mm, 4.12g)
O: Head of Arethusa left, hair in sphendone and wearing earring and necklace; dolphin behind.
R: Wheel of four spokes; ΣΥ-ΡΑ in upper quadrants, two dolphins in lower quadrants.
HGC 2, 1479; Calciati 20; SNG ANS 404-10; Sear 1186
ex Jack H. Beymer

“The Island of Ortygia... has the fountain of Arethusa, which sends forth a river that empties immediately into the sea. People tell the mythical story that the river Arethusa is the Alpheus, which latter, they say, rises in the Peloponnesus, flows underground through the sea as far as Arethusa, and then empties thence once more into the sea.”
~ Strabo
1 commentsEnodia
Syra_Hippocamp_2.jpg
Syracuse, Reign of Dionysius I 46 views405-367 BC
AE Hemilitron (17.2mm, 5.95g)
O: Head of Athena left, wearing Corinthian helmet; ΣΥΡΑ before.
R: Hippocamp with curled wing left, bridle trailing.
HGC 2, 1456; SNG ANS 426-33
From the H. Wallace collection; ex ECIN

1 commentsEnodia
Arethusa_Dolphin.JPG
Syracuse, Reign of Dionysius I56 views405-367 BC
AE Hemilitron (18mm, 3.05g)
O: Head of Arethusa (Artemis?) left, wearing ampyx and sphendone; laurel branch behind
R: Dolphin jumping right over scallop shell; ΣYPA between.
HGC 2, 1480; SNG ANS 417; Sear 1187
ex Forvm Auctions
1 commentsEnodia
Syracuse_Drachm.JPG
Syracuse, Reign of Dionysius I 42 views405-367 BC (struck circa 380 BC)
Ć Drachm (32mm, 30.12g)
O: Head of Athena left, wearing Corinthian helmet decorated with olive wreath; ΣYPA before.
R: Sea-star between two dolphins.
CNS II, 62-9; HGC 2, 1436; SNG ANS 455-469; Sear 1189 (Timoleon)
ex Saint Paul Antiques
3 commentsEnodia
Hieron_II.JPG
Syracuse, Reign of Hieron II86 views275-215 BC
AE27 (17.93g)
O: Laureate head of Hieron left; plow behind.
R: Horseman prancing right, with couched spear; [IE]PΩNOΣ in ex.
HGC 2, 1547; SNG ANS 919v; SNG Cop 833; Sear 1222v; BMC 2 570; CNS 193
3 commentsEnodia
Syracuse_Poseidon~0.JPG
Syracuse, Reign of Hieron II10 views275-215 BC
AE21 (9.19g)
O: Head of Poseidon left, wearing tainia.
R: Ornamented trident-head between two dolphins, dividing [IE]P-ΩNOΣ below.
HGC 2, 1550; Sear 1223; BMC 2 603
ex M&R Coins

"Incessant cataracts the Thunderer pours,
And half the skies descend in sluicy showers.
The god of ocean, marching stern before,
With his huge trident wounds the trembling shore..."
~ The Iliad, Book 12 (Alexander Pope)
Enodia
Hiketas_Eagle.JPG
Syracuse, Reign of Hiketas 44 views288-279 BC
AE22 (22mm, 7.46g)
O: Laureate and beardless head of Zeus Hellanios right.
R: Eagle standing left on thunderbolt with wings open; A before.
HGC 2, 1449; Calciati 313,168; SNG ANS 799; Favorito 50; Sear 1212v
ex Classica Antiquities

The epithet Hellanios refers to Zeus’ aspect as ‘Bringer of the Rain’.
1 commentsEnodia
Kore_A.jpg
Syracuse, Reign of Hiketas195 views287-283 BC
AE23 (23mm, 11.375g, 135o)
O: Head of Kore (Persephone) left, wreathed in grain; ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΩΝ before, pellet and stalk of grain behind.
R: Nike driving biga right, whip in right hand, reigns in left; star above, Σ in exergue.
HGC 2, 1446; Calciati II, p. 259, 123; SNG ANS 760 var. (no Σ in ex.); Sear 1209
ex Forvm Ancient Coins

“Apart from Demeter, lady of the golden sword and glorious fruits, she was playing with the deep-bosomed daughters of Oceanus and gathering flowers over a soft meadow, roses and crocuses and beautiful violets, irises also and hyacinths and the narcissus which Earth made to grow at the will of Zeus and to please the Host of Many, to be a snare for the bloom-like girl -- a marvelous, radiant flower. It was a thing of awe whether for deathless gods or mortal men to see: from its root grew a hundred blooms and it smelled most sweetly, so that all wide heaven above and the whole earth and the sea's salt swell laughed for joy. And the girl was amazed and reached out with both hands to take the lovely toy; but the wide-pathed earth yawned there in the plain of Nysa, and the lord, Host of Many, with his immortal horses sprang out upon her -- the Son of Cronos, He who has many names.”
~ The Homeric Hymn to Demeter

One of my favorite coins...
6 commentsEnodia
Hiketas_AE.JPG
Syracuse, Reign of Hiketas38 views288-279 BC
AE24 (24mm, 9.42g)
O: Laureate and beardless head of Zeus Hellanios left.
R: Eagle with wings open standing left on thunderbolt.
HGC 2, 1448; Sear 1211

2 commentsEnodia
Pyrrhus.JPG
Syracuse, Reign of Pyrrhus72 views278-276 BC
AE24 (23.2mm, 10.505g, 285o)
O: Head of Herakles left, clad in lion-skin headdress; club behind, ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΩΝ before.
R: Athena Promachos advancing right, hurling javelin and holding shield; wreath behind.
HGC 2, 1450; Calciati II p. 324, 177; SNG ANS 847; SNG Cop 809-814; Sear 1213
ex Forvm Ancient Coins
2 commentsEnodia
Pyrrhic_AE.JPG
Syracuse, Reign of Pyrrhus8 views278-276 BC
Ć24 (24mm 11.98g)
O: Veiled head of Phthia left, wearing oak wreath; ΦΘΙΑΣ to left, Athena Parthenos facing behind, all within dotted border.
R: Thunderbolt; ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ above, ΠΥΡΡΟΥ below, all within dotted border.
SNG ANS 835v (obverse symbol); Calciati II pg. 328, 184 Ds; Sear 1215v (obverse symbol)
Rare
ex Praefectus Coins

Phthia of Epirus was a Thessalian queen, daughter of Menon of Pharsalus and mother of Pyrrhus.
A rare coin not listed in HGC 2, SNG Cop, SNG Morcom, etc.
Enodia
1SyracuseOctopus.JPG
Syracuse, Second Democracy83 views440-425 BC
AE10 (Onkia) (1.21g)
O: Head of Arethusa right, hair in koymbos; two dolphins before and behind.
R: Octopus; three pellets around.
HGC 2, 1428; SNG ANS 383; Sear 1184v
ex Pegasi Numismatics
Enodia
Arethusa_1~0.JPG
Syracuse, Second Democracy99 views415-405 BC
AE Hemilitron (16mm, 4.59g)
O: Head of Arethusa left, hair in ampyx, wearing necklace and sphendone.
R: Quadripartite incuse, eight-rayed star within incuse at center.
HGC 2, 1481; Sear 1185; CNS II, 16; SNG ANS 398
ex Aegean Numismatics

Arethusa was the Goddess of the local spring at Ortygia, the heart of Syracuse.

A special coin from a very dear friend.
Enodia
Sicily_Syracuse_SNG-Lockett_941_gf.jpg
Syracuse, Second Democracy14 viewsSicily, Syracuse, Second Democracy. 466-405 BC. AR Tetradrachm (17.21 gm) struck 450-440 BC. Charioteer driving slow quadriga r., holding kentron, Nike overhead. ex: ketos (sea serpent) r. / Hd. of Arethusa r., hair in krobylos bound by taenia, wearing earrings and necklace; four dolphins around. Σꓦ-ꓣΑΚΟΣ-Ι-Ο-Ͷ (Ν retrograde). EF. 19 known. SNG Lockett 941 (same dies); SNG Lloyd 1326 (same rev. die); Bement 475 (same dies); Boehringer series XVIb #564 (V285/R379); HGC 2 #1311; SNG Munchen 1023 (same dies). SNG ANS -; SNG Cop -; cf. NAC 82 #56; Baldwin 75 #2158.
You can see a near identical type here, in the Best of Type gallery, from the collection of Joe Sermarini.
2 commentsAnaximander
Sicily_Syracuse_SNG-ANS5_370_gf.jpg
Syracuse, Second Democracy & Dionysios I. 22 viewsSicily, Syracuse, Second Democracy & Dionysios I. 400-390 BC. AR Dekadrachm (42.64 gm). Fast quadriga driven l., crowned by Nike flying r. above; ex: panoply of armor, spear behind. / Head of Arethusa l., hair wreathed; four dolphins around, scallop shell behind. [ΣꓦΡΑΚΟΣΙΩΝ]. Unsigned die in the style of Euainetos. Die rust on obverse. nVF/gVF. SNG ANS 5 #370 (same dies); Dewing 907-908 (same dies); Gallatin series F: O.VIII-R.F.I #1-2 (same dies); HGC 2 #1299. cf Triton VII #91. 2 commentsAnaximander
041~1.JPG
Syracuse, Sicily69 viewsDionysios I
406 - 367 B.C.
Bronze Hemilitron
6.77 gm, 18 mm
Obv.: Head of Athena facing left, wearing Corinthian helmet, ΣYPA to left above helmet
Rev.: Hippocamp prancing left, with curled wing
Minted 409-395 B.C.
Sear 1193v; BMC 2 p.289, 292;
CNS II 34; SNG ANS 434-446
2 commentsJaimelai
coin132.JPG
Syracuse, Sicily24 viewsSicily, Syracuse.
Head of Athena left, wearing Corinthian helmet
Hippocamp left; SNG Copenhagen 721.

From the D. Alighieri Collection.

Ex - CNG
ecoli
Capture_00038.JPG
Syracuse, Sicily65 viewsReign of Agathocles
317 - 289 B.C.
Bronze AE 17
2.87 gm, 17 mm
Obv.: Head of Kore (Persephone) facing left, torch behind, ΣΥΡAKOΣIΩN left
Rev.: Bull butting left, dolphin above, exergue line, below ?
Syracuse mint
BMC 2 367 var.,
SNG Ans 570
Calciati 98-101, 107a var.
Jaimelai
023~2.JPG
Syracuse, Sicily43 viewsDionysios I
405 - 367 B.C.
Bronze Litra
8.00 gm, 18-20mm
Obv.: Head of Athena left, wearing Corinthian helmet [decorated with olive wreath], [ΣYPA] to left
Rev.: Hippocamp [with bridle] prancing left, with curled wing
Sear 1193v; BMC 2 p.187 290; CNS II 45; SNG ANS 434-446
1 commentsJaimelai
009~1.JPG
Syracuse, Sicily82 views405-400 B.C.
Slavey Replica of Kimon Signed Silver Tetradrachm
16.78 gm, 28 mm
Obv.: Head of Arethusa facing three-quarters left wearing pearl earrings and necklace; hair flowing in loose tresses; across her forehead ampyx with the signature KIMΩN. Around her, four dolphins emerging from curls. APEΘOSA above, outside linear border. In field left, ΣΩ (savior).
Rev.: Quadriga at speed with prancing horses driven left by chiton-clad charioteer, holding kentron in right hand and reins in left; above, Nike flying right to crown him.
ΣYPAKOΣIΩN in exergue.

Stamped СЛАВЕИ (Slavey in Cyrillic) on edge.

Ancients.info Slavey GK-0944
4 commentsJaimelai
065_1.jpg
Syracuse, Sicily83 views317-289 B.C.
Slavey Replica of Agathokles Silver Tetradrachm
16.42 gm, 30 mm
Obv.: Head of Arethusa facing left wreathed in grain leaves, wearing triple pendant earrings and pearl necklace; Around her swim three dolphins.
Rev.: Quadriga with prancing horses driven left by chiton-clad charioteer, holding kentron in right hand and reins in left; above, Nike flying right to crown.
ΣYPAKOΣIΩN in exergue, AI mongram below.

Stamped СЛАВЕИ (Slavey in Cyrillic) on edge and engraved in exergue line.

Ancients.info Slavey GK-0971
1 commentsJaimelai
obv_rev.jpg
Syracuse, Sicily108 viewsRobert Ready Electrotype Replica of Kimon Signed Silver Tetradrachm
14.61 gm, 27 mm
Obv.: Head of Arethusa facing three-quarters left wearing pearl earrings and necklace; hair flowing in loose tresses; across her forehead ampyx with the signature KIMΩN. Around her, four dolphins emerging from curls. APEΘOSA above, outside linear border. In field left, ΣΩ (savior).
Rev.: Quadriga at speed with prancing horses driven left by chiton-clad charioteer, holding kentron in right hand and reins in left; above, Nike flying right to crown him.
ΣYPAKOΣIΩN in exergue.

Stamped RR on edge
3 commentsJaimelai
059.JPG
Syracuse, Sicily21 viewsReign of Hiketas
288 - 279 B.C.
Bronze AE 18
3.92 gm, 18 mm
Obv.: Laureate and beardless head of Zeus Hellanios left, boarder of dots; [ΔIOΣ EΛΛANIOΥ] left
Rev.: Eagle to left with spread wings on thunderbolt, ΣYPAK-OΣIΩN
BMC Sicily p.204, 468v; Sear 1211v
Jaimelai
010~1.JPG
Syracuse, Sicily118 viewsDionysios I
406 - 367 B.C.
Bronze Hemilitron
3.52 gm, 16 mm
Obv.: Head of Arethusa left, hair in sphendone signed EY on the front; grain ear behind
Rev.: Wheel of four spokes; ΣY– PA in above quarters, dolphins in lower quarters
Minted 405-400 B.C.
BMC Sicily p. 183, 247; Cf. Boehringer, Münzprägungen pl. III, 25; Calciati Corpus Nummorum Siculorum 21

* Obverse die signed by the artist Eukleidas *
8 commentsJaimelai
037~0.JPG
Syracuse, Sicily16 viewsGelon Tyranny
485 – 478 B.C.
Silver Obol
0.60 gm, 9 mm
Obv.: Head of Arethusa right, hair turned up under diadem of beads, border of dots
Rev.: Wheel of four spokes
Sear 917; BMC Sicily p. 153, 56
Jaimelai
Syracuse.jpg
Syracuse, Sicily30 viewsFifth Democracy
214- 212 B.C.
Bronze
10.17 gm, 23 mm
Obv.: Laureate head of Apollo left
Rev.: Dioscuri on horseback right, star above, O Φ below, ΣYPAKOΣIΩN in exe.
Sear 1225v; BMC Sicily p.226 679
[Calciati 205; SNG ANS 1055]
Jaimelai
3080017.jpg
Syracuse, SICILY21 viewsSICILY, Syracuse. Hieron II. 275-215 BC. Ć (17mm, 4.19 g, 12h). Struck circa 275-269 BC. Wreathed head of Kore left / Bull butting left; club and AP monogram above, IE in exergue. BAR Issue 59; CNS 192; SNG ANS 600 (Agathokles); HGC 2, 1497.ecoli
013~4.JPG
Syracuse, Sicily30 viewsReign of Agathocles
317 - 289 B.C.
Bronze AE 16
3.40 gm, 16 mm
Obv.: Head of Kore (Persephone) facing left, hair rolled, wearing earring and necklace, torch (or cornucopia?) behind, ΣΥΡAKOΣIΩN left
Rev.: Bull butting left, dolphin above, O between, exergue line, below NI
Syracuse mint
Sear 1196 var.,
BMC 2 p.194 367,
[Calciati 107a var. ]
1 commentsJaimelai
syracuse_hippocamp~0.jpg
SYRACUSE, SICILY9 viewsCa 405 – 367 BC
Time of Dionysos I
AE hemilitron 19 mm, 6.52 g
O: Head of Athena wearing Corinthian helmet
R: Hippocamp left
Sicily, Syracuse
laney
356.jpeg
Syracuse, Sicily11 viewsSICILY, Syracuse. Hieron II. 275-215 BC. Ć (20mm, 6.45 g, 8h). Struck circa 275-269/5 BC. Head of Persephone left, wearing wreath of grain ears; poppy head behind / Bull charging left; club and M above, IE in exergue. CNS 191 Ds89 R1 12; BAR Issue 53; HGC 2, 1469. 1 commentsAncient Aussie
8e9CMi2bNkZ3YS4c9rHWzES56mADRG001.jpeg
Syracuse, Sicily55 views317-289 BC (Reign of Agathokles)
AE17 (16mm, 3.29g)
O: Head of Persephone left, wreathed in grain.
R: Bull charging right; club and ΛY above, IE (magistrate) in exergue.
HGC 2, 1498; CNS II, 200
Rare
ex Praefectus Coins

A rare variant with the bull charging right.

2 commentsEnodia
Pyrrhic_AE_Phthia.JPG
Syracuse, Sicily (Reign of Pyrrhus)18 views278-276 BC
Ć24 (24mm 11.98g)
O: Veiled head of Phthia left, wearing oak wreath; ΦΘΙΑΣ to left, Athena Parthenos facing behind, all within dotted border.
R: Thunderbolt; ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ above, ΠΥΡΡΟΥ below, all within dotted border.
SNG ANS 835v (obverse symbol); Calciati II pg. 328, 184 Ds; Sear 1215v (obverse symbol)
Rare
ex Praefectus Coins


1 commentsEnodia
012.JPG
Syracuse, Sicily - Hieron II25 views275 - 215 B.C.
Bronze, 5.80 gm, 19 mm
Obverse: Diademed head of Poseidon left
Reverse: IEΡΩ-NOΣ, Θ-Ψ below
Trident head with scrolls decoration between prongs,
lotiform shaft, flanked by dolphins
Syracuse mint, , 275 - 215 B.C
SNG Cop 850, SGCV I 1223
from an old collection from Italy
Jaimelai
Syracuse,_Sicily_AR_Litra.jpg
Syracuse, Sicily Silver Litra33 viewsAR Litra 0.7 gram
Obverse: Head Nymph Right
Reverse: Cuttle fish _4550
1 commentsAntonivs Protti
DSCN4745.JPG
Syracuse, Sicily, 317-289 BC. AE 17mm9 viewsSyracuse, Sicily, 317-289 BC
Obv. Laureate head of Apollo left.
Rev. Pegasus flying left.
Ref. Sear 1199
Lee S
Syracuse,_Sicily,_AE_onkia_c_425_BC.jpg
Syracuse, Sicily, AE onkia c 425 BC19 viewsSicily, Syracuse
AE onkia
Syracuse, c. 425 BC
Head of Arethusa r., hair on top of the head in krobylos
Octopus
SNG ANS 384. Calciati II, 28, 9
Ardatirion
zoompg.jpg
Syracuse, Sicily, Agathocles, 317 - 289 B.C.83 viewsBronze AE 18, Calciati II, p. 201, 86 Ds46/Rl 1; BMC Sicily p. 191, 335; SNG ANS 656, EF, 5.257g, 17.9mm, 270o, Syracuse mint, c. 310 - 305 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo left, Campanian helmet behind; reverse SURAKOSIWN (below), Pegasos with pointed wing flying left, E/L monogram2 commentsNick T
54229q00.jpg
Syracuse, Sicily, Agathocles, 317 - 289 B.C.82 viewsBronze litra, Calciati II p. 277, 142; SNG ANS 708 ff., gVF, tight flan, 6.952g, 20.7mm, 135o, Syracuse mint, 317 - 289 B.C.; obverse SWTEIRA, draped bust of Artemis right, quiver at shoulder; reverse BASILEWS AGAQOKLEOS, winged thunderbolt4 commentsNick T
66761p00.jpg
Syracuse, Sicily, Dionysios I, 405 - 367 B.C.13 viewsBronze hemilitron, 3.514g, 18.6mm, 270o, Syracuse mint, c. 400 - 390 B.C.
Obv: Head of nymph left, no earrings, wearing ampyx, with hair bound in sphendone; laurel branch with two leaves behind.
Rev: SURA, dolphin swimming right above inscription, inverted scallop shell below.
Ref: Calciati II p. 55, 24; SNG ANS 415 - 425
VF
mjabrial
399846_508558629181053_1849344234_n.jpg
Syracuse, Sicily, Dionysos I, 405 - 367 B.C.41 viewsBronze litra, Calciati vol. II, p. 89, 45, gF, 8.415g, 20.3mm, 0o, Syracuse mint, 405 - 367 B.C.; obverse SURA, head of Athena left wearing olive wreathed Corinthian helmet; reverse hippocamp left with bridles

"Dionysius I was tyrant of Syracuse. He conquered several cities in Sicily and southern Italy, opposed Carthage's influence in Sicily and made Syracuse the most powerful of the Western Greek colonies. He was regarded by the ancients as an example of the worst kind of despot - cruel, suspicious and vindictive."
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Syracuse_Hieron_II.jpg
Syracuse, Sicily, Hieron II 275 - 215 B.C.211 viewsBronze AE 27, Sear GCV 1 1221 var., Lindgren 587 var. 18.022g, 27.4mm, 270 deg, Syracuse mint, c. 275-215 B.C.; Obv. diademed head of Hieron left, beardless; Rev. horseman prancing right, holding couched spear, N below (E in Sear example, Pi in Lindgren), no legend shows in ex. (as in both ref. examples), could be off flan; rough mottled green patina.
Ex Forvm Ancient Coins

photo and Historical background: by Forvm Ancient Coins

Historical background;

Hieron II was tyrant and then king of Syracuse, c. 270 to 215 B.C. His rule brought 50 years of peace and prosperity, and Syracuse became one of the most renowned capitols of antiquity. He enlarged the theater and built an immense altar. The literary figure Theocritus and the philosipher Archimedes lived under his rule. After struggling against the Mamertini, he eventually allied with Rome.
8 commentsSteve E
562216_499084520128464_1946448363_n.jpg
Syracuse, Sicily, Hiketas, 288 - 279 B78 viewsBronze AE 23, Calciati II p. 312 ff., 168 (various obv symbols), EF, partial flat strike, 7.564g, 22.8mm, 180o, Syracuse mint, obverse DIOS ELLANIOU, laureate head of young Zeus Hellanios right, uncertain symbol behind head; reverse SURAKOSIWN, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings open, star left


"Hicetas was tyrant of Syracuse for about nine years. The only recorded events during his rule are his victory over Phintias, tyrant of Agrigentum, and his defeat to the Carthaginians at the river Terias. He was expelled from Syracuse by Thynion shortly before Pyrrhus arrived in Sicily."
7 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Syracuse,_Sicily,_Pyrrhos.jpg
Syracuse, Sicily, Pyrrhos, 278 - 276 B.C.67 viewsBronze hemilitron, Calciati p. 333, 187/3; BMC Epirus p. 113, 33 (Epirus); SNG Cop 99 (Epirus); SNG ANS 842 var (obv owl behind); SNG München 620 var (same, Epirus), VF, nice style, Syracuse mint, weight 4.355g, maximum diameter 18.1mm, die axis 180o, 278 - 276 B.C.; obverse head of Athena left, in crested Corinthian helmet; reverse grain ear, BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ΠYPPOY above and below, all within oak wreath;


In 279 B.C., Pyrrhus' forces, supporting the Greek cities of southern Italy, met and defeated the Romans at the battle of Asculum in Apulia. Pyrrhus, however, lost many men, several close associates, and all of his baggage. When one of his soldiers congratulated him on his victory, he famously replied: "Another such victory and we are ruined!" From this we have the term Pyrric victory, a victory achieved at ruinous cost.

EX; FORVM Ancient Coins Shop.

*With my sincere thank , Photo and Description courtesy of FORVM Ancient Coins Staff.

From The Sam Mansourati Collection.
2 commentsSam
herakles_syracuse_pan.jpg
Syracuse, Sicily, Pyrrhus of Epirus, 278 - 276 B.C.92 viewsBronze litra, SNG ANS SicilyIII 853; SGCV I 1214; (Calciati II p. 321, 176); (SNG Cop 813), weight 10.64 g, max. diameter 23.18 mm, Syracuse mint, 278 - 276 B.C.; obv. head of Herakles left, clad in lion's scalp head-dress; rev.
ΣΥΡΑ−ΚΟΣΙΩΝ, Athena Promachos advancing right, hurling thunderbolt with right, shield in left. A thick, dark olive green patina. Very fine style engraving! One of the nicest I've seen of Herakles on a bronze coin!

Background info. courtesy, Forvm Ancient Coins

In 279 BC, Pyrrhus forces, supporting the Greek cities of southern Italy, met and defeated the Romans at the battle of Asculum in Apulia. Pyrrhus, however, lost many men, several close associates, and all of his baggage. When one of his soldiers congratulated him on his victory, he famously replied: "Another such victory and we are ruined!" From this we have the term Pyrric victory, a victory achieved at ruinous cost.

Ex Roma Numismatics from Auction II; 2 Oct. 2011 pictured as lot 146
4 commentsSteve E
Hiketas_eagle.JPG
Syracuse, Sicily, Reign of Hiketas, Young Zeus/ eagle5 viewsSyracuse, Sicily, Reign of Hiketas, 288 - 279 B.C. Bronze AE 17, 3.8g, 17mm, Obv: Head of young Zeus l. Rx: Eagle stg. left; Calciati-158. ex areich, photo credit areichPodiceps
Syracuse_Calciati_II.jpg
Syracuse, Sicily, Roman Rule, 212 - c. 189 B.C.9 viewsBronze AE 22, Calciati II p. 424, 227; SNG ANS 1066 ff.; SNG Cop 900; SNG München 1472 ff.; HGC 2 1474 (S), Choice VF, interesting style, nice centering, nice green patina, small areas a bit flat, 8.870g, 22.0mm, Syracuse mint, 212 - c. 189 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus left; reverse Nike in galloping in a biga right, whip(?) in right hand, reins in left hand, crescent above, SURAKOSIWN in exergue; scarce.mjabrial
syracuse_pan.jpg
Syracuse, Sicily, Second Democracy, 466 - 406 B.C.80 viewsBronze tetras, SNG ANS Sicily III 376-380; SGCV I 1184, Lindgren II 549, weight 3.4 g, max. diameter 16.96 mm, Syracuse mint c. 440 - 425 B.C., Obv. ΣYPA, head of Arethusa right, wearing hair in korymbos, necklace and earring, 2 dolphins around; Rev. octopus (cuttlefish) and 3 pellets in round incuse. Brown patina with some light pitting and encrustation.

Among the earliest struck bronze coins minted!
2 commentsSteve E
sicily.jpg
Syracuse, Sicily, Tyrant Agathokles, 317 - 289 B.C.219 viewsSilver tetradrachm, Ierardi 40 (O7/R23), SNG ANS 639 (same dies), SNG Delepierre 701, SNG Lloyd 1479, Boston MFA 460, HGC 2 1348 (S), SNG Cop -, SNG München -, gVF, superb classical style, excellent centering on a tight flan, toned, flan flaw on obverse, Syracuse mint, weight 16.954g, maximum diameter 25.2mm, die axis 270o, c. 317 - 310/305 B.C.; obverse head of Persephone (or Arethusa) left, crowned with grain, wearing triple-drop earrings and a pearl necklace, surrounded by three dolphins, NI below; reverse quadriga galloping left, young charioteer wearing long chiton, kentron in right hand, reins in left hand, triskeles above; ΣYPAKOΣIΩN over AI monogram in exergue; ex Helios Numismatik, auction 6 (9 March 2011), lot 345; scarce.



With an army of mercenaries, through deceit, and after banishing or murdering some 10,000 citizens, Agathocles made himself master of Syracuse and later most of Sicily. Machiavelli wrote of him, "It cannot be called prowess to kill fellow-citizens, to betray friends, to be treacherous, pitiless, and irreligious" and cited him as an example of "those who by their crimes come to be princes." According to the historian Justin, very early in life Agathocles parlayed his remarkable beauty into a career as a prostitute, first for men, and later, after puberty, for women, and then made a living by robbery before becoming a soldier and marrying a rich widow.

FOVM Ancient Coins / From The Sam Mansourati Collection.
7 commentsSam
Syracuse.jpg
Syracuse, Sicily, under Roman rule, after 212 BC. AE20.40 viewsObv: Bust of Demeter-Core right, wearing wreath of corn-ears.
Rev: Demeter standing left, holding torch and transverse sceptre. SURAKOSIWN
SNG Cop 911
1 commentsancientone
IMG_0005.JPG
Syracuse, Sicily. 344-317 BC.56 viewsAR 1/2 Litra (or hemidrachm).
Time of Timoleon.
Arethusa head, left, dolphins surrounding SYRAKOSION before/ Pegasos forepart, l., star symbol above.
1.28g.
SNG ANS 514-515, Munich 1130, BMC 276.

ex Coin Galleries Mail Bid Sale 2/18/1988.
3 commentsDino
IMG_0009_1_2.JPG
Syracuse, Sicily. 395 - 367 B.C.33 viewsAE drachm

obv: ΣΥΡΑ, head of Athena left wearing olive wreathed Corinthian helmet
rev: sea star between two dolphins

30.2 g, 29.4 mm

Calciati vol. II, p. 111, 62
Dino
pr.jpg
Syracuse, Sicily; AE 16; Reign of Agathokles, 317 - 289 B. C.314 viewsAE 16; Lindgren 571, (Calciati II 101 or 102). Weight 3.2g. diam.16mm; Obv. head of Persephone left, hair rolled, wearing earring and necklace, cornucopiae right? (too worn to be sure), Ε Y P A K Ω Ε I Ω N on left (partially off flan); Rev. butting bull left, dolphin above, monogram in ex.(mostly off flan); Splendid blue-green patina and finely engraved dies.

Ex. Dr. Paul Rynearson

Photo by: Dr. Paul Rynearson

Background info.: Quote from Dr. Rynearson's book "Collecting Ancient Greek Coins" p.123. "At times, Sicily's volcanic soil produces some of the most remarkable blues and greens ever seen in numismatics". He reiterated this statement in his listing of this coin.
12 commentsSteve E
Syracuse_Tet.jpg
Syracuse, Tetradrachm41 views2nd republic, 466 - 406, struck ca. 430 - 420
27 mm, 17.11 g
obv: slow Biga to right, being crowned by Nike
rev: ΣΥΡAKOΣION; bust of Arethusa right, surrounded by four dolphins
(Boehringer 667 (same dies))
ex Gorny & Mosch, Auction 216, Lot 2156
areich
Sicily_Syracuse_SNG-ANS5_496-497_gf.jpg
Syracuse, Third Democracy & Timoleon3 viewsSicily, Syracuse, Third Democracy & Timoleon. 341-317 BC. AR Stater (8.53 gm). Pegasus flying l. / Head of Athena r., wearing Corinthian helmet ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΩΝ r. EF. Calciati Pegasi II pg. 607 #2; Cahn AMB 498; Dewing 930-931; Gillet 673; HGC 2 #1400; SNG ANS 5 #496-507; SNG Cop 1 #711; SNG Delpierre 689-693; SNG Lloyd 1442. cf. CNG 64 #62 & Triton XIX #61 (same dies). Anaximander
Sicily_Syracuse_SNG-ANS5_499_gf.jpg
Syracuse, Third Democracy & Timoleon6 viewsSicily, Syracuse, Third Democracy & Timoleon. 341-317 BC. AR Stater (8.55 gm). Pegasus flying l. / Head of Athena r., wearing Corinthian helmet ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΩΝ r. EF. SNG ANS 5 #499 (same dies); Cahn AMB 498; Calciati Pegasi II pg. 607 #1; HGC 2 #1400; SNG Cop 1 #711; SNG Delpierre 689-693; SNG Lloyd 1442. cf. Nomos 17 #54 (same obv. die) PR CHF 2,840. 1 commentsAnaximander
Syracuse_Pegasus.JPG
Syracuse, Timoleon and the Third Democracy27 views344-317 BC
AE Litra (19mm, 5.34g)
O: Laureate head of Apollo left, cornucopia behind.
R: Pegasos flying left; pellet above.
HGC2,1486; CNS 85ff; Sear 1199v (under Agathokles)
ex Lanz; ex Ken Dorney
Enodia
SyraTimoleon.JPG
Syracuse, Timoleon and the Third Democracy53 views344-336 BC
AE Hemidrachm (23mm, 12.40g)
O: Laureate head of Zeus Eleutherios right, hair short; ZEYΣEA EΛE-YΘEPIOΣ
to right.
R: Thunderbolt; eagle with closed wings standing to right; ΣYPAKOΣIΩN around.
HGC 2, 1440; Calciati II p. 167, 72; SNG ANS 477ff; SNG Cop 727; Sear 1192
ex Forvm Ancient Coins

Timoleon was cool.
1 commentsEnodia
syra.jpg
Syracuse, Trias. 344-336 BC. 61 viewsĆ
Head of Athena wearing Corinthian style helmet
Hippocamp left, with curled wing.
Sear 1193
3 commentsDino
Vlasto_352a.JPG
Taras, Calabria74 views380-345 BC (Period III - The Age of Archytas)
AR Didrachm (20mm, 7.37g, 11h)
O: Naked youth crowning horse standing right; kerykeion before, Λ below, all within linear border.
R: Taras seated sideways on dolphin left, resting his left hand on its tail; H (signature) on body of dolphin, P below, TAPAΣ to left, all within linear border.
Vlasto 352; Evans III, A2; Cote 121v; Fischer-Bossert 442d; Sear 341v
Rare
From the Frank James Collection. ex Forvm Ancient Coins; ex Roma Numismatics

A noted general, inventor, mathematician and philosopher, Archytas was a Pythagorean and friend of Plato, and likely responsible for saving the latter from death at the hands of Dionysius II of Syracuse.

While not one of the more exciting designs from the Taras mint, this coin, signed by ’H', or 'HP’, is still nicely rendered and actually quite rare. Fischer-Bossert sites only 7 known examples. I do not know if this specimen is one of those.
2 commentsEnodia
Theophilus,_SBCV_1681.JPG
Theophilus, SBCV 168113 viewsΘEOFILOS BAS
Facing bust with short beard, holding golbus cruciger
Large M, XXX left, NNN right, Cross above, Θ below
Syracuse mint
AE follis, 17mm, 1.76g
novacystis
larissa1~0.jpg
Thessaly, Larissa53 viewsAR Drachm (18.5mm, 6.10g)
Early to mid 4th century BCE

O: Head of nymph Larissa facing slightly left, hair floating freely, wearing ampyx inscribed [ΓΕΥ], pendant earring and necklace; head flanked by dolphins downwards; border of dots.

R: ΛΑΡΙΣΑΙ in exergue, horse with bucranium brand crouching right, foreleg raised, tail lowered; AI in tiny letters below its belly.

Lorber-Shahar: Early, O44/R1(c)

Portrait of fine style, and rare with dolphins.

Lorber notes that the dolphins hark back to the Kimonean facing head types at Syracuse, which influenced this coinage at Larissa. Also, she notes that they serve as an allusion to the myth of Larissa's accidental drowning while playing ball by the banks of the Peneos.
1 commentsSalaethus
syracuse_Pegasus.JPG
Third Republic, 344-317 B.C. AE18; Apollo left/ Pegasus left18 viewsSicily Syracuse. 3rd Republic, 344-317 B.C. AE 18mm, 4.6g. 336/317 B.C. Apollo left / Pegasos left. Calciati II, S. 203 var. ex areich, photo credit areichPodiceps
zeus.jpg
Time Of Dion, AE23; Zeus Eleutherios/ thunderbolt42 viewsSicily, Syracuse, Time Of Dion, 357-344 B.C.
23 mm, 13.45g. Obverse: laureate head of Zeus Eleutherios right. Reverse: thunderbolt (rev corroded). ex areich
1 commentsPodiceps
syracuse_hippocamp.jpg
Time of Dionysos I, Athena/ Hippocamp38 viewsSyracuse, Sicily, c. 405 - 367 B.C. Syracuse mint, time of Dionysos I. Bronze hemilitra, 16x18mm, 5.24g. 
Obverse: Head of Athena left, wearing a Corinthian helmet. 
Reverse: Hippocamp left, with curled wing. Ex MoremothPodiceps
timoleon.jpg
Time of Timoleon & the III Democracy; Æ dilitron; Zeus Eleutherios l. / ΣYPAKOΣIΩN; free horse l.40 viewsSicily, Syracuse: Ć dilitron, time of Timoleon and the Third Democracy, ca. 344-317 B.C., 18.5g, struck 339-334 B.C. Obv: ZEYΣ EΛEYΘEPIOΣ; laureate head of Zeus Eleutherios left. Rev: ΣYPAKOΣIΩN; free horse running left. Calciati II p185, 80; SNG ANS 533. Ex David Liebert1 commentsPodiceps
timoleon.jpg
Timoleon 344-336 BC.28 viewsSicily, Syracuse: Timoleon / AE 26mm
Obverse- Laureate head of Zeus Eleutherios (the liberator) left.
Reverse- Horse prancing left.
SNG ANS 533. Scarce.
b70
Velia_Owl.JPG
Velia, Lucania45 views465-440 BC (Period II: Pre-Athena Group)
AR Drachm (15mm, 3.52g)
O: Head of nymph right, wearing beaded necklace.
R: Owl with closed wing perched right on olive branch, head facing; YEΛH behind.
Williams 79; Hands Class VI; HN Italy 1265; Sear 251
ex Munzen & Medaillen GmbH

The first coins minted at Velia in the late 6th century BC were archaic drachms featuring a feeding lion on the obverse and a simple incuse square on the reverse.
The nymph head drachms such as this example, which Williams designates as ‘pre-Athena types‘, can be dated fairly accurately to the period immediately following the Battle of Cumae in 474 BC.
The combined fleet of Cyme and Syracuse defeated the Etruscans in a great naval battle off the coast of southern Italy, greatly weakening Etruscan influence in the region and thereby empowering Rome. The resulting economic boost allowed Poseidonia to begin coining again circa 470, followed by Terina in Bruttium and finally Velia. It was also around this time that Velia’s famous lion series of didrachms first appeared, and would continue for the next two centuries.
3 commentsEnodia
GAE371_O.jpg
ZEUS, Ptolemy II Philadelphos, Syracuse Issue of Hieron II, Diobol - 285/246BC342 viewsAE 26.3-27.5mm : 18.282gm : 3h
OBV - Laureate Zeus facing right
REV - Eagle standing on thunderbolt facing left, wing open, head facing left, no leg monogram, shield in left field. BASILEOS right, PTOLEMAIOY left
REF - Svoronos 610 (Plate 12 #17) SNGCop 114 Weiser 18
NOTE - This type actually struck in Syracuse by Hieron II ca. 265BC. New research just published on this subject (2007). The paper that presents this new attribution is available online at www.ptolemybronze.com.
7 commentsPtolemAE
CorinthARStaterI402.jpg