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Search results - "Serapis"
DIOCLEZ-6.jpg
33 viewsDIOCLETIAN - Potin Tetradrachm - year 2 (285/286)
Ob.: A K Γ ΟΥΑΛ ΔΙΟΚΛΗΤΙΑΝΟC CEB; laureate & draped bust right
Rev.: L B; Alexandria stg. left, holds bust of Serapis and sceptre
gs. 6,7 mm. 19,8
Milne 4781
Maxentius
Caracalla_and_Geta.jpg
25 Caracalla and Geta28 viewsCaracalla & Geta
AE28 Pentassarion of Markianopolis. Magistrate Flavius Ulpianus.

AV K M AV ANTWNINOC AV K L CEP GETAC. Confronted laureate draped busts / V FL OULPIANOU MARKIANOPOLITWN, draped bust of Serapis right, E to left.

Moushmov 464
Sosius
Elagabalus_Moush_1620.jpg
29 Elagabalus26 viewsELAGABALUS
AE27 of Odessos, Thrace.

AVT K M AVPHLI ANTWNEINOC, laureate head right / ODHCCEITWN, Serapis with kalathos on head, standing facing, head left, holding patera over burning altar and cornucopiae.

Moushmov 1620
Sosius
coin755.JPG
Caracalla, Stobi14 viewsReverse: Serapis with snake

From whitetd49

I think I see MVNICI STOB on the reverse, this die is unlisted, unique!
ecoli
tessera~0.jpg
100 viewsROME
Æ Tessera (12mm, 0.70 g, 7 h)
Crescent and stars series
Draped bust of Serapis right, wearing calathus
Three stars over crescent
Hristova & Jekov, Nikopolis 8.(?)0.48.8; vAuctions 270, lot 360
1 commentsArdatirion
10221s00.jpg
25 viewsROME
PB Tessera (17mm, 2.47 g, 7h)
Mercury standing facing, holding bag and caduceus
Rooster standing right
Rostovtsev 2664.1 = Rostovtsev & Prou 571; cf. Milan 417-21 (smaller size)

Ex Tom Vossen Collection
Ardatirion
00068x00.jpg
34 viewsEGYPT, Antinoöpolis
PB Tessera (20mm, 4.04 g, 6 h)
Dated year 5 of an uncertain era
Draped bust of Antinous right, crescent before
Serapis standing left, holding long scepter; L Є flanking
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln -
Ardatirion
00031x00~0.jpg
11 viewsEGYPT, Antinoöpolis
PB Tessera (20mm, 3.70 g, 2h)
Draped bust of Antinous right, crescent before
Serapis standing facing, head left, holding scepter and raising right hand
Milne –; Dattari (Savio) 6535 and 11780; Köln 3559
Ardatirion
00065x00.jpeg
31 viewsEGYPT, Antinoöpolis
PB Tessera (21mm, 5.05 g, 3 h)
Dated year 8 of an uncertain era
Draped bust of Antinous right, wearing hem-hem crown; L [H] flanking
Draped bust of Serapis-Helios right, wearing calathus; L H flanking
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) 6445; Köln 3579
Ardatirion
00071x00.jpg
22 viewsEGYPT, Antinoöpolis
PB Tessera (25mm, 6.33 g, 12 h)
Dated year […] of an uncertain era
Draped bust of Antinous right, crescent before
Serapis standing left, holding long scepter; L [?] flanking
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln -
Ardatirion
pharoah.jpg
39 viewsEGYPT, Arsinoe (Krokodilopolis)
PB Tessera. (25mm, 7.23 g)
Head of Pharoah right
Serapis seated left on throne, holding scepter
Milne 5442 (Fayûm class); Dattari (Savio) -; Köln 3614

Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 238, lot 295

Milne gives this type to an uncertain city in the Fayûm. Considering the thematic and stylistic similarities with the named piece of Arsinoe, an attribution to this city is probable.
Ardatirion
2740288.jpg
50 viewsEGYPT, Athribis
PB Tessera (24mm, 5.17 g, 12h).
Tyche reclining left on couch (hiera klinê, or lectisternium), holding rudder in outstretched right hand and resting head on raised left set on pillow; A[Θ]PI[B]IC/ [ΠOΛ]OI above
Nike standing right, holding palm frond and presenting wreath to Serapis standing left, holding long scepter in left hand and raising right
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln -

Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 274, lot 288 (there as Memphis).
Ardatirion
00006x00~5.jpg
12 viewsEGYPT, Memphis
PB Tessera
Uncertain figure standing facing, holding bust of Harpokrates wearing skent crown; MEMΦIC to right
Serapis enthroned left, holding scepter, with Cerberus at feet; to left, Demeter(?) standing right, holding scepter; to right, Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln 3563
Ardatirion
00008x00~3.jpg
13 viewsEGYPT, Uncertain
PB Tessera
Confronted busts, the right bearded; star above
Serapis standing left, holding transverse scepter and raising hand
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln -
Ardatirion
a_pius_alexandria_res.jpg
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS--ALEXANDRIA80 views138 - 161 AD
BI TETRADRACHM 24 mm 13.38 g
O: Laureate head right
R: Serapis standing l., head r., Cerberus at his feet
Alexandria, Roman Provincial Egypt
Emmett 1428, Rare (R3/5); bust var. of Dattari 2364, BM 982, Cologne 1794.

1 commentslaney
m_aurel_hadrianop_serapis_cerb_2.jpg
(0161) MARCUS AURELIUS (as Caesar)54 views161 - 180 Augustus
struck 139-161 AD as Caesar
AE 25.5 mm; 10.42 g
O: M AVRHLIOC OVHROC KAICAR, laureate, draped bust right
R: ADRIANOPOLEITON, Hades-Serapis seated left, holding sceptre, right hand extended over Cerberus seated at foot.
Thrace, Hadrianopolis; Varbanov 3197; SNG Italy 415.
d.s.
laney
caracalla_domna_conf_serapis.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA & JULIA DOMNA22 views198-217 AD
Æ 28 mm; 10.74 g
Struck 215 AD
(Quintilianus, consular legate)
O: Confronted busts of Caracalla right, laureate, and Julia Domna left, draped
R:Draped bust of Serapis right, wearing kalathos; Є (denomination mark) before.
MOESIA INFERIOR, Marcianopolis; ref. Hristova & Jekov 6.19.6.4; Moushmov 476; AMNG 658 v.
laney
macrinus.jpg
(0217) MACRINUS66 views217 - 218 AD
AE 25 mm 10.84 g
O: IMP CM OPEL SEV MACRINVS PI
RAD BUST R
R: COL FL PAC DEVLT
HADES-SERAPIS SEATED L, CERBERUS AT FEET
THRACE, DEULTUM
laney
macrinus_deult_cerberc.jpg
(0217) MACRINUS43 views217 - 218 AD
AE 25 mm 10.84 g
O: IMP CM OPEL SEV MACRINVS PI Radiate bust right
R: COL FL PAC DEVLT Hades-Serapis seated left, Cerberus at feet on left
Thrace, Deultum
SNG (Bulg.) Ruse 1, Deultum, no. 120, pl. 9 (=Jurukova 46)
(Draganov cites just one die pair, apparently the same as this coin; provincials at Deultum start with Caracalla, so Macrinus is an early issue)
laney
mac_dia.jpg
(0217) MACRINUS AND DIADUMENIAN44 views217 - 218 AD
AE PENTASSARION 27 mm 12.62 g
O: AYKMOPEA MAKREINOC KM OPEA ANTWNEINOC
LAUREATE HEAD OF MACRINUS R FACING BARE-HEAD OF DIADUMENIAN L (confronted busts)
R: VR PONTIANOV MARKIANOPOLEITWN, "E" IN LEFT FIELD
SERAPIS STANDING LEFT HOLDING SCEPTER
MARKIANOPOLIS
laney
resunk061213.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS17 views218 - 222 AD
AE 17 mm; 5.1 g
O: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: Bust of Serapis right wearing kalathos, facing right
Caesarea Maritima in Palestine; cf BMC cf 116-7
laney
maximus_caesar_b.jpg
(0235) MAXIMUS CAESAR22 views235 - 238 AD
AE27 mm max., 7.33 g
O: G IOV OVHP MAZIMOC KAICA, draped & cuirassed bust right
R: NIKOMEDEWN DIC NEWKORWN, Serapis standing left with raised hand and leaning on sceptre
Bithynia, Nicomedia; Recuiel General 347 v.
laney
gord_tranq_serap_b.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III29 views238 - 244 AD
Gordian III and Tranquillina
Æ Pentassarion 27 mm; 12.27 g
O: AVT K M ANT GORDIANOC AVG TPANKVLLINA CAB, draped confronted busts
R: UP TERTULLIANOU MARKIANOPOLITWN, Serapis seated left, reaching out toward three-headed dog Cerberus at foot left, holding sceptre, E in left field.
Magistrate Tertullianus
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis; Varbanov 2042; Pick 1175; Moushmov 838
d.s.
laney
gord_serap_cerb_b.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III28 views238 - 244 AD
AE 27 mm max; 10.15 g
O: AVT M ANT GORDIANOC/AVG Confronted busts of Gordian and Theos Megas, with kalathos and cornucopia at shoulder
R: ODHC-CEITW-N Hades-Serapis seated left holding scepter, with hand extended toward Cerberos at left foot; E in left field
Moesia Inferior, Odessos
AMNG 2329 var
d.s.
laney
gordian_serapis.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III11 views238 - 244 AD
(Sabinius Modestus)
AE 27 mm; 11.4 g
O: Laureate bust right
R: Serapis standing left, right hand raised, holding scepter in left
Nikopolis ad Istrum
laney
gord_serap_athena_marki.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III16 views238 - 244 AD
AE 27.5 mm, 10.68 g
O: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian right, facing draped bust of Serapis left. (confronted)
R: Athena, helmeted, standing left, holding spear and resting right hand on shield' E in left field, W/N in right
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis; cf Moushmov 785, Varbanov 1957
laney
gordian_serap_ascl.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III20 views238 - 244 AD
AE 27 mm, 10.98 g
O: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian III, facing bust of Serapis. (confronted busts)
R: Asklepios standing facing, head left, holding serpent-entwined staff; E in right field
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis; cf Varbanov 1954 var.
laney
gordian_serapis_asclep_mark_c.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III13 views238 - 244 AD
AE 28 mm, 10.65 g
O: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian III, facing bust of Serapis. (confronted busts)
R: Asklepios standing facing, head left, holding serpent-entwined staff; E in right field
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis; cf Varbanov 1954 var.
laney
gord_tranq_zeus.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III14 viewsGORDIAN III (with Tranquillina)
238 - 244 AD
AE 27 mm, 10.47 g
O: AVT KM ANT GORDIANOC AVG CE (VG ligate); TRANKVK / LEINA in 2 liines in exe, WN legate. Confronted busts of Gordian III and Tranquillina
R:.VP TERTVLLIANOV MARKIANOPO LIT; in right field WN; E in left field. Serapis standing, in kalathos, left hand extended upward, scepter in left hand.
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis; AMNG I/1 1174. Rare
laney
gord_serap_confr.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III13 views238 - 244 AD
AE 27.5 mm, 10.22 g
O: Confronted draped busts of Gordian III and Serapis
R: Herakles standing facing, nude, holding club, lion's skin and Apples of the Hesperides. T/W in right field; E in left field.
Moesia, Markianopolis; cf Pick 1151; Varbanov 1987
laney
gordian_serap_mar.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III12 views238-244
AE Pentassarion 28 mm, 8.94 g (Tullius Menophilus, legatus consularis)
O: AVT K M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC / AVΓ. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian and draped bust of Serapis, wearing calathus, facing one another.
R: VΠ MINOΦΙΛOV MAPKIANOΠOΛIT / ΩN. Serapis standing facing, head left, raising hand and holding sceptre; E (mark of value) to left.
MOESIA INFERIOR, Marcianopolis. Cf. Varbanov 2011-2.
laney
gord_serapes_aescl.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III -- MARKIANOPOLIS77 views238 - 244 AD
AE 27 mm 13.54 g
O: M ANT GORDIANOS AVG
LAUR DR CUIR BUST OF GORDIAN R, FACING DR BUST OF SERAPIS WEARING KALATHOS L (confronted busts)
R: VII MHNOFILOV MARKIANOPOLITWN AESKLEPIOS STANDING L HOLDING SNAKE-ENTWINED STAFF. E IN LEFT FIELD
MARKIANOPOLIS (LEGATE TULLIUS MENOPHILUS)
MOUSHMOV 789; Hristova/Jekov No. 6.37.20.3
2 commentslaney
gordian_serap_ascl_odess_27_10_71.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III--Odessos23 views238 - 244 AD
AE 27 mm, 10.71 g
O: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian right vis-a-vis draped bust of Serapis left, wearing Kalathos and holding cornucopia. (confronted busts)
R: Asklepios standing facing, head left, holding serpent-entwined staff; E in right field.
Moesia Inferior, Odessos mint; Varbanov 4462 var.
laney
trebon_gallus_serap.jpg
(0251) TREBONIANUS GALLUS21 views251 - 253 AD
AE 24 mm; 6.78 g.
O: AUT K G BEIB GALLOC A, radiate draped bust right; countermark at shoulder
R: NIKAI-EWN, Serapis standing left, polos on head, holding sceptre and raising hand.
Bithynia, Nicaea; SNG Von Aulock 7061
laney
claud_goth_conser_res~0.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS23 views268 - 270 AD
AE 20mm 3.13 g
O: IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG radiate draped cuirassed bust right
R: CONSER AVG Serapis standing left with right hand raised, scepter in left; G in exe
Antioc RIC 201
laney
markianopolissevalex.jpg
*Moesia, Markianopolis. AE24. Severus Alexander(A.D. 222 - 235) Struck under governor Alexander Julius Gaetulicus.27 viewsObv. AVT K M AV CEVH [ALEXAN]DPOC, Severus Alexander bust r.
Rev. VP IOV GETOV - LI - KOV MARKIAN[OP / OLIT] --> WN in lower left field, Serapis standing left, right hand raised, holding sceptre in left.
Hristova&Jekov, p. 171, no. 6.32.6.3.; AMNG I, 1, no. 982.
ancientone
Gordian_III_Serapis.jpg
*SOLD*18 viewsGordian III and Serapis AE 32

Attribution: Pick 1144, SNGCop 257, Moushmov 819, Markianopolis, Moesia Inferior
Obverse: M ANT Γ OP Δ IANOC AV Γ, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust of Gordian r. facing draped bust of Serapis
Reverse: V Π MHNO Φ I Λ OV MAPKIANO Π O Λ IT Ω N,
Hermes facing holding purse & caduceus, “E” to l.
Size: 25.2 mm
Noah
014_Nero_(54-68_AD)Billon-Tetradrachm,_G-160-61,_D-251-52,_Alexandria,_NEP_-K_AY-KAI_-_EB-_EP_AYTOKPA-L-I_Serapis_Q-001_axis-11h_23,5-25mm_11,53g-s.jpg
014p Nero (54-68 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-160-161, D-251-252, Egypt, Alexandria, AY-TOKPA, Draped bust of Serapis right,67 views014p Nero (54-68 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-160-161, D-251-252, Egypt, Alexandria, AY-TOKPA, Draped bust of Serapis right,
avers:- NERΩ-KΛAΥ-KAIΣ-ΣEB-ΓER, Radiate head of Nero right
revers:- AY-TOKPA, Draped bust of Serapis right, wearing calathus, date (LI) to right.
exe: -/LI//--, diameter: 23,5-25mm, weight: 11,53g, axis: 11h,
mint: Alexandria, date: Dated year (LI) 10 = 63-64 A.D., ref: Geissen-160-161, Dattari-251-252, Kapmann-Ganschow-14.77-p-59, RPC-5274,
Q-001
quadrans
GI_020a_img.jpg
020 - Nero Billon Tetradrachm - Milne 22222 viewsObv:- NERW KLAY KAIS SEB GER, Radiate head of Nero right
Rev:– AYTO-KPA, Draped bust of Serapis right
Minted in Alexandria. LI in right field. Dated Year 10 (63/4 AD).
Reference:– Köln 160; Dattari 251; Milne 222; Emmett 133; RPC I 5274
2 commentsmaridvnvm
020-Vespasian_AE-25,_Alexandria,_AYTOK-KAIS_SEBA-OYESPASIANOY,_LS-Y-6-73-74_Serapis-r__K-G-20_45,RPC-2441_Q-001_0h_23,8-25,3mm_8,15g-s~0.jpg
020p Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), G-300, D-401, Egypt, Alexandria, AE-25, LS, Serapis bust right,141 views020p Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), G-300, D-401, Egypt, Alexandria, AE-25, LS, Serapis bust right,
avers:- AYTOK-KAIΣ-ΣEBA-OYEΣΠAΣIANOY, Laureate head of Vespasianus right.
revers:- LS, Serapis bust right.
exe: -/-//LS, diameter: 25mm, weight: 12,14g, axis: 0h,
mint: Alexandria, date: Year (LS) 6 = 73-74 A.D., ref: Geissen-300, Dattari-401, Kapmann-Ganschow-20.45-p-70, RPC-2441, Milne- ,
Q-001
quadrans
027.jpg
021 CARACALLA11 viewsEMPEROR: Caracalla
DENOMINATION: Denarius
OBVERSE: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, laureate head right
REVERSE: P M TR P XX COS IIII P P, Serapis, wearing polos on head, standing left, holding wreath of corn-ears(?) and sceptre
DATE: 217 AD
MINT: Roma
WEIGHT: 2.33 g
RIC: 289c
Barnaba6
caracalla_silver-ant_serapis_pmtrp-xviiii-cos-iiii-pp_001.jpg
05 - Caracalla AR Antoninianus - Serapis 'P M TR P XVIIII COS IIII PP'59 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (AD 198 - 217)
Silver Antoninianus (double denarius) Rome Mint

obv: ANTONINUS PIVS AVG GERM - Radiate bust right, draped. Seen from behind.

rev: P M TR P XVIII COS IIII PP - Serapis standing with raised hand and holding a sceptre in other.

5.03 Grams
5 commentsrexesq
caracalla_silver-ant_serapis_pmtrp-xviiii-cos-iiii-pp_obv_03_rev_04.JPG
05 - Caracalla AR Antoninianus - Serapis 'P M TR P XVIIII COS IIII PP' .29 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (AD 198 - 217)
Silver Antoninianus (double denarius) Rome Mint

obv: ANTONINUS PIVS AVG GERM - Radiate bust right, draped. Seen from behind.

rev: P M TR P XVIII COS IIII PP - Serapis standing with raised hand and holding a sceptre in other.

5.03 Grams

**Slightly off color due to new lighting setup**
rexesq
caracalla_silver-ant_serapis_pmtrp-xviiii-cos-iiii-pp_obv_01_rev_02.JPG
05 - Caracalla AR Antoninianus - Serapis 'P M TR P XVIIII COS IIII PP' .44 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (AD 198 - 217)
Silver Antoninianus (double denarius) Rome Mint

obv: ANTONINUS PIVS AVG GERM - Radiate bust right, draped. Seen from behind.

rev: P M TR P XVIII COS IIII PP - Serapis standing with raised hand and holding a sceptre in other.

5.03 Grams

**Slightly off color due to new lighting setup**
1 commentsrexesq
caracalla_silver-ant_serapis_pmtrp-xviiii-cos-iiii-pp_25c_obv_02.jpg
05 - Caracalla AR Antoninianus - Serapis 'P M TR P XVIIII COS IIII PP' . US Quarter.28 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (AD 198 - 217)
Silver Antoninianus (double denarius) Rome Mint

obv: ANTONINUS PIVS AVG GERM - Radiate bust right, draped. Seen from behind.

rev: P M TR P XVIII COS IIII PP - Serapis standing with raised hand and holding a sceptre in other.

5.03 Grams

**Slightly off color due to new lighting setup**
rexesq
Caracalla_AR-Ant_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM_P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P_RIC_261c,_RSC_299a,_BMC_124_Roma_216-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 261c, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Serapis/Pluto seated left, #177 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 261c, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Serapis/Pluto seated left, #1
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Radiate cuirassed bust right, seen half from back.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P, Serapis/Pluto seated left wearing polos, holding scepter, and reaching toward three-headed dog Cerberus seated to left.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 24mm, weight: 5,33g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 216 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-261c, RSC-299a, BMC-124
Q-001
quadrans
Caracalla_AR-Ant_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM_P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P_215_Roma-RIC-263_Q-001_23mm_4_90g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 263, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Serapis, #0180 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 263, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Serapis, #01
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from front.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P, Serapis standing, facing, raising hand and holding scepter.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 23mm, weight: 4,90g, axis:- h,
mint: Rome, date: 215 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-263, p-250, C-295-6,
Q-001
quadrans
Caracalla_AR-Ant_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM_P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P_215_Roma-RIC-263_Q-002_24mm_5_14g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 263, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Serapis, #0272 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 263, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Serapis, #02
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from front.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P, Serapis standing, facing, raising hand and holding scepter.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 23mm, weight: 5,14g, axis:- h,
mint: Rome, date: 215 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-263, p-250, C-295-6,
Q-002
quadrans
Caracalla_AR-Ant_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM_P-M-TR-P-XX-COS-IIII-P-P_217_Roma-RIC-289d_Q-001_23mm_5_08g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 289d, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XX COS IIII P P, Serapis standing left, Scarce!,83 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 289d, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XX COS IIII P P, Serapis standing left, Scarce!,
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Radiate, draped bust right, seen half from back.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XX-COS-IIII-P-P, Serapis, wearing polos on head, standing left, holding corn-ears, in wreath and sceptre.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 23mm, weight: 5,08g, axis:- h,
mint: Rome, date: 217 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-289d, p-255,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
051_Caracalla_AE-17_MAP-AV-KA-ANT_NI_Bareheaded-bust-r__NIKO_O_IT-_POC-ICTP_Bust-of-Serapis-r_-wearing-Kalathos_Varbanov-2918-legend-var-R4_320-324-AD__Q-001_h_17mm_2,85g-s.jpg
051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HHJ-08.18.06.05, AE-17, Serapis,63 views051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HHJ-08.18.06.05, AE-17, Serapis,
avers:- MAP-AV-KA-ANTΩNI, Bareheaded-bust-r.
revers:- NIKOΠOΛIT-ΠPOC-ICTP, Bust-of-Serapis-r.-wearing-Kalathos
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 17mm, weight: 2,85g, axis: 8h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum,date: 196 (195?)-197.-AD, under Caracalla as Caesar, by Jochen ! Thank you Jochen:)
ref: Varbanov-2918, R4!! + legend var., Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov HHJ-8.18.6.5,
Q-001
#465 A correction
Caracalla as Caesar, AD 196-197, AE 17, 2.85g
obv. MAR AV KA - ANTWNI bare head r.
rev. NIKOPOLIT PROC ICTR bust of Serapis, draped and wearing kalathos
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2011) No. 8.18.6.4 corr. (writes in error ANTWNINO)
coll. quadrans, Forum Ancient Coins
by Jochen ,
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=60706.525
thank you Jochen
quadrans
056_Elagabalus,_AE-16,_HrHJ_08_26_06_7var,_Laureate_bust_r_,_Serapis_bust_r_,,_218-22_AD,_Q-001,_6h,_15-16mm,_2,22g-s~0.jpg
056p Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HrHJ (2019) 08.26.06.07.(same dies)., AE-16, NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPOC ICTPON, Bust of Serapis right, #163 views056p Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HrHJ (2019) 08.26.06.07.(same dies)., AE-16, NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPOC ICTPON, Bust of Serapis right, #1
avers: AVT M AVPH ANTΩNINOC, Laureated, bust right.
reverse: NIKOΠOΛITΩ N ΠPOC ICTPON (Legend variation!), Bust of Serapis, draped wearing kalathos right.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 15,0-16,0mm, weight: 2,22g, axis: 6h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, date: 218-222 A.D.,
ref: HrHJ (2019) 08.26.06.07.(same dies).,
Q-001
quadrans
RI 066ab img.jpg
066 - Caracalla Antoninianus - RIC 289f65 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, Radiate, draped cuirassed bust right
Rev:– P M TR P XX COS IIII P P, Serapis, wearing modius on head, standing facing, head left, holding patera and sceptre.
Minted in Rome. A.D. 217
Reference:– RIC 289f. RSC 383.
Evidence of die clogging on the T in the reverse legend, otherwise a nice coin.

(SOLD)
maridvnvm
RI 066c img~0.jpg
066 - Caracalla denarius - RIC 20851 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate bust right
Rev:– P M TR P XVI COS IIII P P, Serapis his chest bare and a modius on his head standing left holding sceptre and raising hand
Minted in Rome, A.D. 213
References:– VM 60.1, RIC 208, RCV02 6829, RSC 211

SOLD
maridvnvm
RI 066o img.jpg
066 - Caracalla denarius - RIC 208a25 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate bust right
Rev:– P M TR P XVI COS IIII P P, Serapis holding sceptre and raising hand
Minted in Rome. A.D. 213
Reference:– RIC 208a. RCV02 6829. RSC 211.
maridvnvm
049_Gordianus_AE-27-AVT_K_M_ANT_GORDIANOC_AVG_ODHCCEITWN_E_Odessos_AMNG-2326_Varb-;-4554-p-_Q-001_6h_27mm_11,58ga-s.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Thrace, Odessos, Varb-4554v, AE-27, ΟΔHCCΕΙΤΩΝ, Gordian III. and Serapis, Zeus seated left,62 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Thrace, Odessos, Varb-4554v, AE-27, ΟΔHCCΕΙΤΩΝ, Gordian III. and Serapis, Zeus seated left,
avers:- AVT-K-M-ANTΩNINOC-ΓΟΡΔΙΑΝΟC, Lar., dr. and cuir. bust of Gordian-III r., facing bust of Serapis left, modius on head, cornucopiae to right.
revers:- ΟΔHC-CΕΙΤΩΝ, Zeus seated left, holding patera and sceptre, eagle at foot.
exe: -/-//E, diameter: 27mm, weight: 11,58g, axis:6h,
mint: Thrace, Odessos, date: ?, ref: Varb-4554v-"A"legend" avers ! R3!, AMNG-2326,
Q-001
quadrans
07m-Constantine-Ant-167c.jpg
07m. Constantine: Antioch follis.41 viewsFollis, 312, Antioch mint.
Obverse: IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS P F AVG / Laureate bust of Constantine.
Reverse: SOLI INVICTO / Sol in long robe, holding head of Serapis; Z in left field; star in right field.
Mint mark: ANT
5.05 gm., 19 mm.
RIC #167c; PBCC #1137; Sear #16044.
1 commentsCallimachus
GI_087f_img.jpg
087 - Gordian III, AE29, Odessos29 viewsObv:– ANTWNIOC GORDIANOC, AVT K M below, Confronted draped busts of Gordian & Serapis
Rev:– ODECCEITWN, Emperor in military attire, standing left, holding Victory on globe in right hand, inverted spear in left, right foot resting on prow; E in left field
Minted in Odessos.
References:- Varbanov (Engl.) 4493. AMNG 2362

29.02mm x 27.74mm. 13.44gms.

Pick writes: This type possibly refers to a visit of the emperor to Odessos.

Many thanks to Pekka K and Jochen for the attribution information.
maridvnvm
GI 092a img.jpg
092 - Phillip II, AE26, Mesembria, Nemesis27 viewsAE26
Obv:– MAP IOVΛIOΣ ΦIΛΛIΠOI KAICA/P, Confronted busts of Philip II and Serapis
Rev:– MECAMBPIANΩN, Nemesis standing left, holding rod and bridle; wheel at side
Minted in Thrace, Mesembria
Reference:– Varbanov II (Bulg.) no. 2689
maridvnvm
GI 092b img.jpg
092 - Phillip II, AE26, Mesembria, Zeus26 viewsAE26
Obv:– M AP IOVΛIOX ΦIΛΛIΠOC KAICAP, Confronted busts of Philip II and Serapis
Rev:– MECAMBPIANΩN, Zeus standing left, holding patera and sceptre, eagle at feet
Minted in Thrace, Mesembria
Reference:– Thanks to Jochen for the attribution as followa "Varbanov (engl.) has your coin listed as #4298 and cites Ivan Karajotov, The Coinage of Mesambria, 2001, where it is #395. rated as r5 (100-200 ex.)"
maridvnvm
113- Constantine-21.JPG
113- Constantine The Great -21-S34 viewsAE Follis, 312-313 AD, Alexandria mint.
Obv: F VALER CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, Laureate head right.
Rev: GENIO AVGVSTI, Genius holding the head of Serapis, N left A right, Palm at feet.
ALE in exergue.
20mm
RIC 161.
jdholds
Constantinus-I__AE-Follis_IMP-C-FL-VAL-CONSTANTINVS-PF-AVG_SOLI-IN-VICTO_A_star_ANT_RIC-VI-167c-p-644_Antioch_312-AD_Scarce_Q-001_11h_19,5mm_4,88g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Antioch, RIC VI 167c, AE-2 Follis, A/*//ANT, SOLI INVICTO, Sol radiated standing left, Scarce!82 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Antioch, RIC VI 167c, AE-2 Follis, A/*//ANT, SOLI INVICTO, Sol radiated standing left, Scarce!
avers:- IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate bust right.
revers:- SOLI IN VICTO, Sol, rad., stg. l. in long robe, r. raised, l. holding head of Serapis. In left field A, * in right field.
exerg: A/*//ANT, diameter: 19,5mm, weight: 4,88g, axes: 11h,
mint: Antioch, date: 312 A.D., ref: RIC VI 167c, p-644, Scarce!
Q-001
quadrans
rjb_2009_08_21.jpg
13814 viewsAntoninus Pius 138-61 AD
AE drachm
Alexandria
Year 12
Rev: Serapis seated left within a distyle temple
SNG Glasgow 4211, Koln 1620
mauseus
RI_151t_img.jpg
151 - Maximinus II - Follis - RIC VI Alexandria 149b16 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– GENI-O AVGVSTI, Genius, naked but for chlamys fastened at his right shoulder and hanging from his left shoulder, standing facing, head left, wearing modius, holding head of Serapis, which faces him, in right hand and ornate cornucopia in left arm behind
Minted in Alexandria (X | A // ALE). A.D. 312
Reference(s) – RIC VI Alexandria 149b (Common)

5.10gms. 20.87 mm. 0 degrees.
maridvnvm
RI_151s_img.jpg
151 - Maximinus II Daia - Follis - RIC VI Alexandria 152b30 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, Laureate head right (parallel wreath ties with rounded ends)
Rev:– GENIO AVGVSTI, Genius, naked but for chlamys fastened at his right shoulder and hanging from his left shoulder, standing facing, head left, wearing modius, holding head of Serapis, which faces him, in right hand and ornate cornucopia in left arm behind
Minted in Alexandria (Crescent / X | B // ALE). A.D. 312
Reference(s) – RIC VI Alexandria 152b (Common)
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_151h_img.jpg
151 - Maximinus II Daia - Follis - RIC VI Alexandria 160b42 viewsAe Follis
Obv:– IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– GENIO AVGVSTI, Genius, naked but for chlamys fastened at his right shoulder and hanging from his left shoulder, standing facing, head left, wearing modius, holding head of Serapis, which faces him, in right hand and ornate cornucopia in left arm behind
Minted in Alexandria (* / N / Branch | B / ALE). A.D. 312-313
Reference:– RIC VI Alexandria 160b
maridvnvm
RI_151j_img.jpg
151 - Maximinus II Daia - Follis - RIC VI Alexandria 160b18 viewsObv:– IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– GENIO AVGVSTI, Genius, naked but for chlamys fastened at his right shoulder and hanging from his left shoulder, standing facing, head left, wearing modius, holding head of Serapis, which faces him, in right hand and ornate cornucopia in left arm behind
Minted in Alexandria (* / N / Branch | S // ALE).
Reference(s) – RIC VI Alexandria 160b
maridvnvm
RI_151m_img.jpg
151 - Maximinus II Daia - Follis - RIC VI Alexandria 160b20 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– GENIO AVGVSTI, Genius, naked but for chlamys fastened at his right shoulder and hanging from his left shoulder, standing facing, head left, wearing modius, holding head of Serapis, which faces him, in right hand and ornate cornucopia in left arm behind
Minted in Alexandria (* / N / Branch | G // ALE).
Reference(s) – RIC VI Alexandria 160b
maridvnvm
RI_151i_img.jpg
151 - Maximinus II Daia - Follis - RIC VI Alexandria 162b 29 viewsObv:– IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– GENIO AVGVSTI, Genius, naked but for chlamys fastened at his right shoulder and hanging from his left shoulder, standing facing, head left, wearing modius, holding head of Serapis, which faces him, in right hand and ornate cornucopia in left arm behind
Minted in Alexandria (* / N / Branch | Z / Wreath // ALE).
Reference(s) – RIC VI Alexandria 162b
maridvnvm
RI_151n_img.jpg
151 - Maximinus II Daia - Follis - RIC VI Antioch 167b30 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– SOLI IN-VICTO, Sol standing left in long robe, right hand raised, left hand holding head of Serapis
Minted in Antioch (A | * // ANT). A.D. 312
Reference(s) – RIC VI Antioch 167b
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_155w_img~0.jpg
155 - Maximinus II - RIC VI Alexandria 149b12 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– GENIO AVGVSTI, Genius, naked but for chlamys fastened at his right shoulder and hanging from his left shoulder, standing facing, head left, wearing modius, holding head of Serapis, which faces him, in right hand and ornate cornucopia in left arm behind
Minted in Alexandria (X / G // ALE). Minted in A.D. 312
Reference(s) – RIC VI Alexandria 149b

Weight 4.53g. 22.72mm. 180 degrees
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_160fs_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VI Alexandria 161 16 viewsFollis
Obv:– FL VALER CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– GENIO AVGVSTI, Genius, naked but for chlamys fastened at his right shoulder and hanging from his left shoulder, standing facing, head left, wearing modius, holding head of Serapis, which faces him, in right hand and ornate cornucopia in left arm behind
Minted in Alexandria (* / N / Palm | A // ALE). A.D. 312 - 313
Reference(s) – RIC VI Alexandria 161 (S)
maridvnvm
car750.JPG
190 Caracalla150 viewsCaracalla AR Antoninianus.
216 AD. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, radiate draped bust right, seen from behind / P M TR P XVIIII COS IIII P P, Serapis, modius on head, standing left, raising right hand & holding sceptre.
Size: 22.5mm Weight: 5.3 grams
RSC 349b. RIC 280b BMC 165. Hill (1964) 1573.



Click to enlarge for best pic.
16 commentsRandygeki(h2)
998_P_Hadrian_RPC--.jpg
1926B AEOLIS. Aegae. Pseudo-autonomous under Hadrian Ae 18 statue of Apollo Chresterios10 viewsReference.
RPC --; RPC III, 1926B

Magistrate Oul. Polemôn (agô(nothete) (?))

Obv: IЄPA CVNKΛHTOC.
Laureate and draped youthful bust of the Senate right.

Rev: ЄΠI AΓΩ OVΛ ΠOΛЄMON / AI - ΓA.
Facing statue of Apollo Chresterios, with branch in hand.

3.84 gr
18 mm
12h

Note.
RPC III - (though cf. 1926 for a coin of Sabina from the same magistrate)

Agonothetes was a magistrate whose duty was the superintendence of games.

Aigai was the centre of the worshipping of Apollo Chresterios, meaning the foresayer, the prophet. It is known from an inscription that about 250 BC the inhabitants of Istros have sent a delegation to Aigai asking wether the oracle would tolerate the introducing of Serapis to Istros.
okidoki
rjb_carac2_01_09.jpg
19818 viewsCaracalla 198-217 AD
AR antoninianus
Obv "ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "PM TRP XVIIII COS IIII PP"
Serapis standing right, turning back, holding staff and raising hand
Rome mint
RIC 280d
mauseus
coins6.JPG
202. Caracalla & Geta; Markianopolis19 viewsCaracalla & Geta AE28 Pentassarion of Markianopolis. Draped bust of Serapis right, E to left.

Caracalla & Geta AE28 Pentassarion of Markianopolis. Magistrate Flavius Ulpianus. AV K M AV ANTWNINOC AV K L CEP GETAC. Confronted laureate draped busts / V FL OULPIANOU MARKIANOPOLITWN, draped bust of Serapis right, E to left. Moushmov 464. No.2819. Holed
1 commentsecoli
rjb_elag6_10_07.jpg
218a24 viewsElagabalus 218-22 AD
AE 19 mm
Bostra in Arabia Petraea
Distyle temple with Serapis (?) standing left, small animal to left
BMC 20, SNG ANS 1212
mauseus
22002.jpg
22002 Commodus/Serapus14 viewsCommodus/Serapis Denarius
Obv: L AEL AVREL COMM AVG P FEL: Head of Commodus, laureate, right
Rev: SERAPIDI CONSERV AVG: Serapis, radiate, standing front, head left, holding branch in right hand and sceptre in left hand
Mint:Rome 17.4mm 2.4g
RIC III Commodus 261 (denarius)
Blayne W
rjb_post_2_01_05.jpg
242144 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
SERAPI COMITI AVG
Serapis standing left holding transverse sceptre
Mint 1 (Trier), Issue 4
Cunetio 2421
1 commentsmauseus
diocletian tdrachm-.jpg
284-305 AD - DIOCLETIAN Potin Tetradrachm 16 viewsobv: A K GOYA L DIOKLHTIANOC CEB, laureate draped bust right
rev: L-B, Alexandria standing left holding head of Serapis & long scepter
ref: Milne 4781
mint: Alexandria, struck 286 AD
7.36gms, 19mm
berserker
1__Caracalla.jpg
3. CARACALLA, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 AD24 views AR Denarius, Mint:Rome, Date:216 A.D.
REF: RIC IV 280(c)
Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM - laureate head right.
Rev:P M TR P XVIIII COS IIII P P- Serapis, standing half-right, looking left, modius on head, raising right, long vertical scepter in left.
Size: 3.230gm; 18.3mm

4 commentsbrian l
Moushmov_494_Marcianopolis_Julia_Domna_y_Caracala.jpg
47-24 - JULIA DOMNA y CARACALLA (198 - 211 D.C.)13 viewsMARCIANOPOLIS Moesia Inferior
Legado Consular QUINTILLIANUS

AE Pentasarión (5 Asarias)
24.5 mm 8.75 gr.

Anv: "ANTΩNINOC AVΓOVCTOC IOVΛIA ΔMNA" – Bustos enfrentados, Caracalla vestido y laureado viendo a derecha y Julia Domna vestiday sin diadema viendo a izquierda.
Rev: ”VΠ KVNTIΛIANOV MARKIANOΠOΛITΩN – Serapis estante de frente, viendo a izq. levantando su mano der. y cetro corto en izq. - "E" en campo derecho.

Acuñada: 211 - 217 D.C.

Referencias: Moushmov #494, Varbanov I #1038 P.131 (R3), Jurukova #494, AMNG I #654 P.222
mdelvalle
Antoniniano_Caracalla_RIC_289F.jpg
48-15 - CARACALLA (198 - 211 D.C.)64 viewsAR Antoniniano 23 mm 4.8 gr.

Anv: "ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM" - Busto radiado, vestido y con coraza viendo a derecha, visto por detrás.
Rev: "P M TR P XX COS IIII P P" – Serapis estante de frente, viendo a izq., vistiendo Modius en su cabeza, portando una corona de espigas de trigo en mano del brazo der. Extendido y largo cetro vertical en izq.

Acuñada 217 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte I #289f Pag.255 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #6780 Pag.516 - BMCRE #187 var Pag.464 - Cohen Vol.IV #383 Pag.183 - RSC Vol. III #383 - DVM #6/3 Pag.194 - Hill CSS#1580
1 commentsmdelvalle
RIC_289e_Antoniniano_Caracala.jpg
48-15 - CARACALLA (198 - 211 D.C.)11 viewsAR Antoniniano 23 mm 4.8 gr.

Anv: "ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM" - Busto radiado, vestido y con coraza viendo a derecha, visto por detrás.
Rev: "P M TR P XX COS IIII P P" – Serapis estante de frente, viendo a izq., vistiendo Modius en su cabeza, portando una corona de espigas de trigo en mano del brazo der. Extendido y largo cetro vertical en izq.

Acuñada 217 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte I #289f Pag.255, Sear RCTV Vol.II #6780 Pag.516, BMCRE #187 var Pag.464 (Pl.72 #17), Cohen Vol.IV #383 Pag.183, RSC Vol. III #383, DVM #6/3 Pag.194, Hill CSS#1580, Salgado II/1 #4456.c.3 Pag.143
mdelvalle
Moushmov_1617_Odessa_Geta.jpg
50-30 - GETA (209 - 212 D.C.) 24 viewsODESSA - Tracia

AE Tetrasarión
25.0 mm 7.2 gr.

Anv: "AV K ΠO CEΠT ΓETAC" – Busto. laur., vest. y acoraz. a der.
Rev: "OΔHC-CEITΩN", Serapis/"El Gran Dios de Odessa" estante a izq. sacrificando con Pátera en mano derecha sobre un altar encendido y portando cornucopia en izq.

Acuñada: 209 - 212 D.C.

Referencias: Moushmov #1617, AMNG II #2289/90 P.566, Varbanov I #4387/89 P.353 (R3)
mdelvalle
896_P_Hadrian_Emmett1037_5.jpg
5292 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Drachm 120-21 AD Serapis17 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5292.6; Dattari-Savio Suppl. 154 (this coin); Emmett 1037.5

Issue L E = year 5

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ - ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder.

Rev. L Ε
Temple (classical) with two columns enclosing Sarapis standing facing, head l., holding sceptre; to l., altar, Temple with sun disc between horns

15.91 gr
33 mm
12h

Note.
From the Dattari collection.
okidoki
478_P_Hadrian_Emmett1042.jpg
5844 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Drachm 132-33 AD Hadrian & Serapis18 viewsReference.
Emmett 1042.17; RPC III, 5844; Köln 1085-6; Dattari (Savio) 1944-5

Issue L IZ = year 17

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΙΑΝ - ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СƐΒ
Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right.

Rev. [L] IZ (date) in exergue.
temple (classical) with two columns enclosing Sarapis standing, r. holding sceptre and raising arm; to r., Emperor (Hadrian), laureate-headed, wearing toga, standing l., holding sceptre; between, altar inscribed ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟΝ

27.60 gr
33 mm
11 h.

Note.
CNG E-auction 360
Ex Coin Galleries (12 April 2000), lot 497 (listed as Ex Dattari, but not one of the plated examples).
okidoki
1006_P_Hadrian_RPC5845.jpg
5845 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Drachm 132-33 AD Hadrian & Serapis52 viewsReference.
RPC III 5845/2; Köln 1084; Dattari (Savio) 1946 (this coin); K&G 32.554; Emmett 1042.17; Staffieri, Alexandria In Nummis 69 (this coin)

Issue L IZ = year 17

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΙΑΝ - ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СƐΒ
Laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Hadrian, r., seen from rear

Rev. L ΙΖ
Temple (classical) with two columns enclosing Sarapis standing, r. holding sceptre and presenting globe; to r., Emperor (Hadrian), laureate-headed, wearing toga, standing l.,
holding sceptre; between, altar inscribed ΑΔΡ/ΙΑ/ΝΟΝ

23.82 gr
34 mm
12h

Note.
From the Giovanni Maria Staffieri Collection, purchased from Renzo Canavesi, Sagno, 1996. Ex Renzo Canavesi Collection (Sagno); Dr. Piero Beretta Collection (Milan); Giovanni Dattari Collection, no. 1946.

A rare variety with Sarapis holding a globe instead of saluting the emperor. The authors of RPC cite two coins: this coin, and the one in the Köln collection. There is also an example in the Ashmolean Museum collection (Milne 1380).
8 commentsokidoki
Moushmov_119_DIONISOPOLIS_Gordiano_III.jpg
69-60 - Dionisopolis - GORDIANO III (238 - 244 D.C.)20 viewsDionisopolis, Moesia Inferior

AE Pentassarion 26 mm 8.0 gr.

Anv: "AVT K M" en exergo, "ANTΩNIOC ΓOΡΔIANOC AVΓ", Busto laureado, vest. y acoraz de Gordiano a derecha, enfrentado a Serapis.
Rev: "ΔΙΟΝΥCΟ - ΠΟΛΕΙΤΩΝ", Demeter estante a izq., portando espigas en mano der. y largo ctro vertical en izq. "E" en campo der.

Acuñada 238 - 244 D.C.

Referencias: Varbanov I #538 (R3) Pag.92, Moushmov #119, AMNG I/1 #387 Pag.135, Mionnet S.2 #80 Pag.67, ANS #1997.32.162
mdelvalle
Follis Maximino II RIC Antiochia 164b.jpg
A116-14 - MAXIMINO II Como Augusto solo (311 - 313 D.C.)46 viewsAE Follis 21 x 20 mm 5.5 gr.
Sobrino de Galerio.

Anv: "IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG" - Cabeza laureada, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "GENIO AVGVSTI" - Genio de pié a izquierda, desnudo salvo modius en la cabeza y chlamys colgando desde su hombro izquierdo, portando Cabeza de Sol/Serapis en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido y cornucopia en izquierda. "ANT" en exergo, "*" en campo izquierdo y "BI" en campo derecho.

Acuñada 312 D.C.
Ceca: Antiochia (Off.12ava.)
Rareza: C2

Referencias: RIC Vol.VI (Antiochia) #164b Pag.643 - Cohen Vol.VII #17 Pag.144 - DVM #9 Pag.283 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #7548.k. Pag.84
1 commentsmdelvalle
Follis_Maximino_II_RIC_Alexandria_161b.jpg
A116-15 - MAXIMINO II Como Augusto solo (311 - 313 D.C.)49 viewsAE Follis 21 mm 4.6 gr.
Sobrino de Galerio.

Anv: "IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG" - Cabeza laureada, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "GENIO AVGVSTI" - Genio de pié a izquierda, desnudo salvo modius en la cabeza y chlamys colgando desde su hombro izquierdo, portando Cabeza de Serapis en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido y cornucopia en izquierda. "ALE" en exergo, " * / N / Palma inclinada" en campo izquierdo y "B" en campo derecho.

Acuñada 312/3 D.C.
Ceca: Alejandria Egipto (Off.2da.)
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.VI (Alexandria) #160b Pag.685 - Cohen Vol.VII #20 Pag.144 - DVM #9 Pag.283 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III (No listadapara Alejandría) similar a #7548.k Pag.84
mdelvalle
Cuarto_Follis_Maximino_II_Antioch_Vagi_2955.jpg
A116-30 -Acuñacion Civica Anonima Semi-Autonoma (311 - 312 D.C.)39 viewsAE15 ¼ de Follis o Nummus 19 x 15 mm 1.2 gr.
Moneda tradicionalmente atribuida a Julian II hasta que J.Van Heesch en su artículo “The last Civic Coinages and the Religious Police of Maximinus Daza”, publicado en el Numismatic Chronicle vol.153 Pags. 66 y subsiguientes (1993), realiza un detallado estudio de este tipo de acuñación cívica anónima del cuarto siglo, donde demuestra que estas monedas se acuñaron bajos los auspicios de Maximino II Daya conmemorando “La Gran Persecución” de los Cristianos y por consiguiente la Victoria Pagana, al honrar con ellas a los antiguos dioses grecorromanos Júpiter, Apolo, Tyche, y Serapis. Recordemos que en dicha persecución (desde finales del 311 a finales del 312 D.C.) se cerraron Iglesias, encarcelando y/o desterrando a los cristianos. Esta campaña fue particularmente fuerte en Nicomedia, Antioquia y Alejandría, los tres centros principales del Imperio de Oriente. Estas persecuciones menguaron al año siguiente posiblemente como resultado de la preocupación de Maximino II al provocar abiertamente a los Emperadores Asociados de Occidente Constantino I y Licinio I.

Anv: "IOVI CONS - ERVATORI" – Júpiter semidesnudo, sentado en un trono a izquierda, portando globo en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido y largo cetro vertical en la izquierda.
Rev: "VICTOR - IA AVGG" – Victoria avanzando a izquierda, portando guirnalda en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido y hoja de palma en la izquierda. "ANT" en exergo y "B" en campo derecho.

Acuñada 311 - 312 D.C.
Ceca: Antiochia (Off. 2da.)

Referencias: Cohen Vol.VIII #53 Pag.49 (Julián II) (10f) - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #7952 Pag.94 – Vaggi #2955 - J.Van Heesch “The last Civic Coinages and the Religious Police of Maximinus Daza (1993)” #2.
mdelvalle
tranquillinanazarbus.jpg
aa Cilicia, Anazarbus AE31 of Tranquillina29 viewsTranquillina AE Hexassaria of Anazarbus in Cilicia. Struck year 261 (=242/3 AD). Diademed and draped bust of Tranquillina right, resting on a crescent / Draped bust of Serapis right, wearing polos. SNG Levante 1489 ancientone
smyrnaShrimp.jpg
aa Ionia, Smyrna. Pseudo-autonomous AE15. Prow/Shrimp47 viewsTime of Septimus Severus, 193-211 AD.
Obv: Bust of Serapis right.
Rev: Prow of ship right; shrimp below.
1 commentsancientone
rhodos_serapis.jpg
AE 19.7; Head of Helios r. / RODIWN, Head of Serapis r.5 viewsRhodos, Caria, Imperial times. 19.7mm, 3.51g. Head of Helios r. / RODIWN, Head of Serapis r. BMC 268, 408. Ex Gerhard RohdePodiceps
syracuse.jpg
AE 20, Serapis/ Isis standing left holding sistrum and scepter 16 viewsSyracuse, Sicily. C. 215-214 B.C. 20mm, 8.0g. Obverse: Head of Serapis right. Reverse: Isis standing left holding sistrum and scepter. SNG Cop 904. Ex David LiebertPodiceps
aigai_claudius_RPC2429.jpg
Aiolis, Aigai, Claudius, RPC 2429350 viewsClaudius, AD 41-54
AE 20, 5.04g
struck under magistrate Apollodoros Po.
obv. TI KLAVDIOC KAICAR CEBACTOC
Head, laureate, r.
re. EPI APOLLODWROV PO VIOV XALEOV TO B
cult-statue of Apollo Chresterios r.
RPC 2429
rare, F+

At the time of Britannicus there was a magistrate Chaleos. Apollodoros seems to be his son. Aigai was the centre of the worshipping of Apollo Chresterios, meaning the foresayer, the prophet. It is known from an inscription that the inhabitants of Istros about 250 BC have sent a delegation to Aigai asking wether the oracle would tolerate the introducing of Serapis to Istros.
Jochen
coin162.JPG
Alexandria, Egypt; Trajan Decius15 viewsEGYPT. Alexandria. Trajan Decius. 249-251 AD. Billon Tetradrachm. Dated year 1 (249/250 AD). Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / Serapis standing facing, head turned right, holding scepter in right hand. Köln 2814; Dattari 5087; Milne 3804; Curtis 1433; Emmett 3644ecoli
coin168.JPG
Alexandria, Egypt; Trajan Decius11 viewsEGYPT. Alexandria. Trajan Decius. 249-251 AD. Billon Tetradrachm. Dated year 1 (249/250 AD). Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / Serapis standing facing, head turned right, holding scepter in right hand. Köln 2814; Dattari 5087; Milne 3804; Curtis 1433; Emmett 3644ecoli
coin174.JPG
Alexandria, Egypt; Trajan Decius.11 viewsEGYPT. Alexandria. Trajan Decius. 249-251 AD. Billon Tetradrachm. Dated year 1 (249/250 AD). Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / Serapis standing facing, head turned right, holding scepter in right hand. Köln 2814; Dattari 5087; Milne 3804; Curtis 1433; Emmett 3644ecoli
Anchialos_Commodus_Serapis_CNG_158_#145.JPG
Anchialos Commodus governor Julius Castus (184/5 AD)178 viewsAE29 13.02g

AV ∙ KAI Λ ∙ AVP | KOMOΔOC
Laureate head right

HΓ ∙ IOY ∙ KACTOY | AΓ | XIAΛEΩN
Serapis enthroned left holding scepter with Cerberos at feet

AMNG II-; Varbanov (E) –; Mionnet-; BMC-; SNG Cop.-

Pretty dark green and brown patina

Ex: CNG electronic auction 158 lot 145; From the Garth R. Drewry Collection; Ex Coin Galleries (12 April 1995), lot 305
Petrus Elmsley
ANNIA FAUSTINA-1.JPG
Annia Faustina, 3rd wife of Elagabalus. Augusta, 221 CE.379 viewsIsinda, Pisidia, AE 26 mm.
Obv: ANNIAN FAVCTEINAN, Dr. bust of Faustina r.
Rev: Confronted heads of Serapis and Isis, in field, E-Delta (yr. 4 ).
Ex Lindgren I, ex von Aulock, Pisidia I 833 (Plate coin, the only example known).
3 commentsEmpressCollector
festivalofisis.jpg
ANONYMOUS 39 viewsAnonymous. AE 14. Alexandria,first officina, first half IV C. AD. 1,37 grs. Draped bust of Serapis right, wearing modius DEO SANCTO SERAPIDI / Nilus reclining left on rock pile, holding reed and cornucopiae. DEO SANCTO NILO. In left field A. In exergue ALE.
Cfr. Alfoldi:Festival of Isis... Pl. IV,35 (different officina). J. Van Heesch 6(b)
benito
IMG_0107.JPG
Antiochos IV Epiphanes2 viewsSELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos IV Epiphanes. 175-164 BC. Æ (32mm, 33.76 g, 12h). “Egyptianizing” series. Antioch on the Orontes mint. Struck 169-168 BC. Laureate head of Zeus-Serapis right, wearing tainia [with Osiris cap at tip] / Eagle standing right on thunderbolt. SC 1413; HGC 9, 643.ecoli
IMG_0106.JPG
Antiochos IV Epiphanes7 viewsSELEUKID KINGS of SYRIA. Antiochos IV Epiphanes. 175-164 BC. Æ “Egyptianizing” series. Antioch mint. Struck 169-168 BC. Laureate head of Zeus-Serapis right, wearing tainia with Osiris cap at tip / Eagle standing right on thunderbolt. SC 1413; HGC 9, 643.ecoli
antiochos_IV.jpg
Antiochos IV Epiphanes, Eagle17 viewsSeleukid Kingdom. Antiochos IV Epiphanes. 175-164 B.C. Æ drachm (34 mm, 34.01 g, 1 h). Antioch on the Orontes, 169-168 B.C. Laureate head of Serapis right, wearing Osiris cap / Eagle standing right on thunderbolt. SC 1413; SMA 59; CSE 118. VF, green patina, porous. This coin belongs to a larger series of "Egyptianizing" coins struck by Antiochos IV at Antioch between his two campaigns in Egypt. Unlike regular Seleukid coinage they employ the large size and Egyptian types used in the closed circulation zone of Ptolemaic Egypt. It has been suggested that they commemorated his first Egyptian victory in 169 and were intended to conserve Seleukid silver stores. It is also possible that the "Egyptianizing" series was struck with an eye towards adopting an Egyptian style coinage system following the planned annexation of Egypt to the Seleukid Empire. Any such plan was never realized as the Romans forced Antiochos IV to evacuate Egypt in 168 B.C. 
Ex. Frank L. Kovacs (Vauctions) . Podiceps
Antiochus_IV~1.jpg
Antiochus IV, Epiphanes 175 - 164 B.C.16 viewsAntiochus IV, Epiphanes 175 - 164 B.C. (Special "Egyptianizing" Series, Autumn 169 - Summer/Autumn 168 B.C.) Ae 31.6~32.6mm. 33.20g. Obv: Laureate and diademed head of Zeus/Serapis r. Osiris cap atop diadem, dotted border. Rev: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOΥ ΘΕΟΥ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ, eagle standing r. on winged thunderbolt. Houghton Pt. I 118 - 120. Hoover Pt. II 332.ddwau
antpius18.jpg
Antoninus Pius --AE Drachm83 viewsAntoninus Pius --AE Drachm, Alexandria. R: Agathodaemon (serpent) with head of Serapis1 commentsfeatherz
PIUS_BI__TETRA.png
ANTONINUS PIUS / SERAPIS , Alexandria BILLION TETRADRACHM40 viewsMINTED IN ALEXANDRIA , EGYPT FROM 138 - 161 AD
OBVERSE : ANTwNINO C CEBEUC CEB Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
REVERSE : Draped bust of Serapis right,modius on head. L K
References : SNG Cop 426 ( No, L K ?)

22.2 MM AND 13.15 GRAMS.

Alexandria ( of Egypt ) issued billon tetradrachms in large numbers between the reign of Augustus and the closing of the Alexandrian mint during the reign of Diocletian. These coins were no doubt mainly intended to pay the salaries of government officials, of the permanent garrison, and of the temporary troops stationed in Alexandria for purposes of war. They were probably also the form in which taxes in money were received, and were used for trade among the people within the city of Alexandria and other Graeco-Roman cities in Egypt. They also served the purpose of providing a subsidiary coinage with Greek legends which formed the vehicle for Roman imperial propaganda throughout Egypt. On the reverse of these coins were placed the Egyptian Hellenized deities, as an indication of the goodwill of the Roman emperors towards Egypt.
The greater part of the agricultural population of Egypt had scarcely any need for coins except to pay their taxes. The real currency and measure of value in the agricultural settlements was grain, wine or oil. The chief export of Egypt was grain, and this did not bring much money to the cultivators, for most of the grain was collected as tribute, not in trade, and they got nothing in return. Consequently, there is reason to suppose that considerably fewer coins circulated in Egypt generally than the region of Alexandria.
From the reign of Nero onwards, Egypt enjoyed an era of prosperity which lasted a century. Much trouble was caused by religious conflicts between the Greeks and the Jews, particularly in Alexandria, which after the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD become the world centre of Jewish religion and culture. Under Trajan a Jewish revolt occurred, resulting in the suppression of the Jews of Alexandria and the loss of all their privileges, although they soon returned. Hadrian, who twice visited Egypt, founded Antinoöpolis in memory of his drowned lover Antinous. From his reign onwards buildings in the Greco-Roman style were erected throughout the country. Under Marcus Aurelius, however, oppressive taxation led to a revolt (139 AD) of the native Egyptians, which was suppressed only after several years of fighting.

From The Sam Mansourati Collection.
2 commentsSam
Antoninus_Pius_Milne_2412.jpg
Antoninus Pius, AE Drachm, Alexandria, Serapis-Agathodaemon, Milne 24126 viewsAntoninus Pius
Augustus, 138 - 161 A.D.

Coin: AE Drachm

Obverse: Laureate bust facing right.
Reverse: Serapis-Agathodaemon, on horseback, advancing to the right. LK-Γ across the fields.

Weight: 17.72 g, Diameter: 33 x 33 x 2.5 mm, Die axis: 0°, Mint: Alexandria, Year: 23 (LKΓ = 160-161 A.D.) References: Milne 2412, Köln 1852-3, Dattari 8939
Masis
5166_5167.jpg
Antoninus Pius, Tetradrachm, Serapis Seated22 viewsBI Tetradrachm
Antoninus Pius
Caesar: 138AD
Augustus: 138 - 161AD
Issued: LH = Regnal Year 8 = 144 - 145AD
22.5mm 6.30gr
O: ΑΝΤωΝΙΝΟC CεΒ ενCεΒ; Laureate head, right.
R: NO LEGEND; Serpais, modius on head, seated left on a high backed chair, holding scepter and extending right hand down to Cerberus at his feet, left.
Alexandria, Egypt Mint
Exergue: L, left field; H, right field. (LH = Regnal Year 8 = 144 - 145AD)
Köln 1462; Dattari 2370; Kampmann/Ganschow 35.234; Emmett 1431; BMC 985; Milne 1792.
bronzemat
8/15/17 8/18/17
1 commentsNicholas Z
julianII_225.jpg
Apis342 viewsJulian II the philosopher 360 - 363, nephew of Constantin I
AE - Maiorina, 7.30g, 25mm
Thessalonica 1. officina, summer 361 - June 26. 363
obv. DN FL CL IVLI - ANVS PF AVG
bust draped and cuirassed, pearl-diademed head r.
rev. SECVRITA[S R]EI PVB
diademed bull r., head facing, two stars above
exergue: TESA between palmbranchs
RIC VIII, Thessalonica 225; C.38
Rare; good F

APIS, holy bull of Memphis/Egypt, herald of god Ptah, making oracles in the name of the god. Each new bull should have a white triangle on the forehead or a moon-like spot at the sides. After his death buried as Osiris-Apis, from which the Serapis cult developed. Julian II has renewed this cult. For a new interpretation of the bull see the remarks in 'Jochen's Folles' to Julian II RIC VIII, 163!
Jochen
Gordian_III_Varbanov_I_Marcianopolis_1945.jpg
ARCH, Gordian III, AE26, Varbanov I 1945121 viewsGordian III
Augustus, 238- 244 A.D.

Coin: AE 26

Obverse: AVT K M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC / AVΓ, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian III, to the left, facing the draped bust of Serapis, wearing a Kalathos upon his head, to the right.
Reverse: VΠ MNOΦIΛ-O-V M-APKIANO / ΠOΛITΩ, a Triumphal Arch, with three portals, surmounted with three statues. E in the central portal.

Weight: 12.34 g, Diameter: 26.7 x 26.7 x 2.5 mm, Die axis: 40°, Mint: Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior, Consular Legate: Tullius Menophilus, Reference: Varbanov I 1945

Rated Rare (R6, 50 - 100 examples known)
Masis
G_324_Kyme_fac.jpg
Asia Minor, Aiolis, Kyme, Serapis26 viewsAiolis, Kyme
AE 14
Pseudo-autonomous. Time of Gallienus (253-268)
Obv.: Draped bust of Serapis right, wearing calathus.
Rev.: KYMA-I-ΩN dot, Prow right.
AE, 14 mm, 1.29g
Ref.: BMC p. 117, 125 var. (no dot)
3 commentsshanxi
R665_Antoninus_Pius_pergamon_fac.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, RPC, Pergamon, Antoninus Pius, Serapis 6 viewsAntoninus Pius
Pergamon, Mysia
Magistrate Quartos (strategos for the second time)
AE 21, c. AD 144-158
Obv.: ΑV ΤΙ ΑΙ ΑΔΡ ΑΝΤΩΝƐΙΝΟС, laureate head of Antoninus Pius, r.
Rev.: ƐΠΙ СΤΡ ΚοVΑΡΤοV ΤΟ Β ΠƐΡΓΑ, Serapis seated left, extending arm over Cerberus, holding long sceptre
AE, 7.23g, 21mm
Ref.: RPC IV 3195, Weisser 610, BMC 281, Cop 484
shanxi
aurelius_caesarea.png
BCC CM1 (BCC 1)117 viewsRoman Provincial
Caesarea Maritima
Marcus Aurelius 161-180C.E.
(as Caesar) 139-161 C.E.
OBV: ANTON AVG P F AVRELIO CAES
Bare-headed, draped bust right,
viewed from behind.
REV:COL PRIM FL AVG CAESAREA
Bust of Serapis right, viewed from
the front, wearing modius.
AE 24mm approx. 11.5g. Axis: 0
Kadman 38v. (obverse and reverse inscription)
Natural black toning.
1 commentsv-drome
hadrian_serapis.jpg
BCC CM19 (BCC 38)42 viewsRoman Provincial
Caesarea Maritima
Hadrian 117-138 C.E.
Obv:[IMP] TRA HAD[RIANO CEAS AVG]
Laureate, draped bust of Hadrian right.
REV: COL.I.FL.AVG.CAE[SARE]NS
Bust of Serapis right.
AE 22mm. 11.30gm. Axis:0
Kadman #28
v-drome
caesarea_serapis_.jpg
BCC CM233 viewsRoman Provincial
Caesarea Maritima
Caracalla 211-217C.E.
OBV:IMP CA[E?...]
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
REV: COL I F(L AV?)[...]
Bust of Serapis facing right.
AE 20mm. 9.43gm. Axis:0
possible ref: Rosenberger 54
v-drome
serapis_BCC_CM23.jpg
BCC CM2329 viewsRoman Provincial
Caesarea Maritima
Marcus Aurelius 161-180CE
Obv: [IMP M AVR ANT]ONIN[VS AVG]
Laureate, draped bust right.
Rev:COL PR FL AVG CAESAREA
Bust of Serapis, draped, wearing ornate modius, to right.
AE 22mm 11.23g. Axis:0
Kadman 40
v-drome
Serapis_Comm_CM24.jpg
BCC CM2430 viewsRoman Provincial (BCC 48)
Caesarea Maritima
Commodus 177-192CE
Obv:[IM COMMOD]VS ANTONINUS [A..]
Laureate, draped bust right.
Rev: COL PRIMA F? AV[G CAESAREA]
Bust of Serapis, wearing Modius, right.
AE 22mm. 10.91gm. Axis: 0
Kadman 59
v-drome
Serapis__Comm_CM25.jpg
BCC CM2532 viewsRoman Provincial
Caesarea Maritima
Commodus 177-192CE
Obv:[IM COMMODVS ANTONINUS]
Laureate, draped bust right.
Rev:[CO]L PRI[MA F] AVG CAESARE
Bust of Serapis right.
AE 22x24mm 9.46g. Axis 330
Kadman 59
v-drome
decius_serapis.png
BCC CM29 (BCC 31)33 viewsRoman Provincial
Caesarea Maritima
Trajan Decius 249-251CE
Obv:IMP C M Q TRAIANVS
DECIVS AVG Rad.dr.bust rt..
Rev:[CO P F] AV FC CAES
METRO[P S P] Serapis std. to
front, head turned to left, holding
sceptre w/ left hand lowered.
AE 18mm. 7.69gm. Axis:30
Kadman #131v.
v-drome
hostilian_serapis.png
BCC CM31 (BCC 11)62 viewsRoman Provincial
Caesarea Maritima
Hostilian 250-251 CE
Obv:HOSTILIANO QUINTO C
Radiate bust rt.
Rev:COL P F AVG CAES
METROP Serapis std. to
right (head turned to left),
holding sceptre,left arm
lowered, right hand raised.
AE 19mm. approx. 7.07g.
Kadman #196 Axis:210
v-drome
etrusco_serapis_1.png
BCC CM32 (BCC 30)49 viewsRoman Provincial
Caesarea Maritima
Herennius Etruscus 250-251CE
Obv:MES Q EREN ETRVSCO
DECIO CAES Radiate bust rt.
Rev:[COL P]F AV FC CAES
METROP Serapis std. to right, head turned to left,
holding sceptre with left arm lowered.
AE 18x20mm. 7.74gm.
Axis:180 unlisted in Kadman
This coin is not listed in Kadman's Coins of Caesarea
Maritima(1957),although it was to be expected since
this reverse type occurs on coins of all the other
members of Decius's imperial family. I do not know
if this coin has been subsequently published in a later
reference. Any comments are welcome. The photo was
lightened to show detail. The actual patina is very black.
v-drome
caracalla_serapis_CM3.jpg
BCC cm3x39 viewsRoman Provincial
Caesarea Maritima
Caracalla?  198-217C.E.
Obv: IMP C M AVR ANT[O-NINVS...]
Laureate, draped bust right.
Rev: COL PR FL AVG [...]
Bust of Serapis facing right.
AE 20mm. 10.99gm. Axis:0
possible ref: Kadman 68 var. (bust type, obv. /rev. inscr.)
v-drome
zeus_eagle_gem.jpg
BCC G1109 viewsRoman Gem Stone
Caesarea Maritima
1st-2nd century CE
Intaglio
Zeus seated, holding staff and thunderbolts, eagle to right.
White carnelian (chalcedony) 9x12mm.
Anit Hamburger's "Gems from Caesarea Maritima"
Atiqot English Series, Vol. VIII, 1968, lists several gems with
Zeus and Zeus/Serapis motifs.
(click on photo for higher resolution)
v-drome
BCC_serapis_g12a.jpg
BCC g1274 viewsRoman Gem Stone
Caesarea Maritima
1st-3rd cent.CE
Serapis seated on Throne
to right, holding staff and
wearing Modius.
Yellow jasper
11.5x(14.0mm.) 0.42gm.
(click for larger photo)
v-drome
serapis_gem.JPG
BCC g3 (BCC 3)122 viewsRoman Gem Stone
Serapis
5x7mm.
1 commentsv-drome
BCC_G3_Serapis_Gem_Nicolo.jpg
BCC G3 composite38 viewsRoman Gem Stone
Caesarea Maritima
Intaglio 1st-3rd Century CE
Bust of Serapis to left.
Nicolo Onyx blue, black, white.
Profile F4 var. slightly concave
bottom, flat top, upright oval.
6.5 x 5 x 2mm.
Extremely small gem,
engraved with great detail.
cf. Hendler Collection #7
J.Berlin Caesarea Collection
(click for larger pic)
3 commentsv-drome
claudius_cons_LR36.jpg
BCC LR3623 viewsLate Roman BCC Lr36
Claudius II 268-270CE
Billon Antoninianus
Obv: IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG
Radiate, draped bust right.
Rev:CONSE-R AVG
Serapis standing facing, head turned left,
right hand raised, left holding scepter.
In exergue: Γ
17.5x18.5mm. 3.58gm. Axis:180
RIC Va 201 Antioch Mint. Scarce.
v-drome
Licinius_I_Gen.jpg
BCC Lr735 viewsLate Roman AE Follis BCC Lr7
Licinius I 308-324CE
Alexandria mint
Obv:IMP C LIC LICINNIVS P F AVG
Laureate head right.
Rev:GENIO AVGVSTI
Genius standing left, nude except
for pallium hanging from shoulder,
wearing modius, holding bust of Serapis
and cornucopia. Palm branch in front.
In field, N - A, in exergue. ALE (dot),
above, star. Black patina, as found.
20mm 4.98gm. Axis:180
Possible ref: RIC 157 a. Rarity: R1
v-drome
Zeus_BCC_LT21.jpg
BCC LT2141 viewsLead Tessera
Caesarea Maritima
1st - 3rd Cent CE?
Obv: Three quarter facing
portait of Zeus (or possibly Serapis?).
Rev: Blank
11.0mm. 1.58gm.
v-drome
BCC_LT27.jpg
BCC LT2738 viewsLead Tessera
Caesarea Maritima
Obv: Figure advancing to right,
carrying short staff in left hand,
holding out right hand. Uncertain object
at feet. (Dionysos with thyrsus and Panther?).
Rev: Bust of Serapis to right?
10x10mm. 0.71gm. Axis:0
v-drome
serapis_tess_Lt3.jpg
BCC LT334 viewsLead Tessera
Obv: Serapis walking left wearing Modius and
carrying scepter.
Rev: Blank
8x10mm 1.24gm.
v-drome
serapis_dion_Lt32_and_33.jpg
BCC Lt32 and BCC Lt3337 viewsLead Tessera
Late Roman 1st-4th cent.
Obv: Bust of Serapis or Zeus
Heliopolites? to right.
Rev: Figure standing left, arm draped,
uncertain object at feet. (Dionysus with
panther?)
Lt32: 10mm. 0.98gm. Axis:330
Lt33: 9x8mm. 0.9gm. Axis:330
v-drome
tyche_tessera.jpg
BCC Lt442 viewsLead Token
Obv: Tyche of Caesarea standing left,
foot on prow of ship, holding bust of emperor,
and rudder, she steers the ship of state.
Rev: Seated? figure holding staff, perhaps
Serapis with Cerberus, or Zeus with eagle.
9x12.5mm 1.27gm. Axis:180
v-drome
Tyche_LT4_1.jpg
BCC LT4a41 viewsLead Token
Obv:Tyche of Caesarea standing left,
foot on prow, holding bust of emperor and rudder.
Rev: Figure holding staff,
perhaps Serapis with Cerberus.
Truncated conical shape.
10x12mm 1.39gm. Axis:180
Possible die match to BCC LT4
v-drome
BCC_LT50_Serapis_B_Tessera.jpg
BCC LT5016 viewsLead Tessera
Caesarea Maritima
Late Roman 1st-4th cent.
Obv: Serapis? standing, (or
seated?), head turned right,
wearing modius?, holding staff
in right hand. Retrograde B in
right field, other objects possible.
Rev: Blank?.
Interesting that coins from Caesarea
with Serapis show the staff in his left
hand, so perhaps the entire design
is retrograde, or reversed. Comments
or corrections are welcome.
10 x 9 x 1.5mm. 0.87gm.
Surface find Caesarea Maritima, 1973
(click for higher resolution)
v-drome
serapis_tessera_BCC_Lt9.jpg
BCC Lt956 viewsLead Tessera
Caesarea Maritima
Obv: Mummiform Zeus Heliopolites standing facing, holding
whip and grain ears; at feet, foreparts of bulls on either side.
Rev: Standing figure,head turned to the left, perhaps
Venus/Aphrodite, who also was honored with a temple
at Heliopolis (Baalbek).
9mm. 0.38gm. Axis:0
1 commentsv-drome
Serapis_Ring_BCC_MA16.jpg
BCC MA1629 viewsBronze Ring Fragment
Caesarea Maritima
1st-2nd Century CE
Gilded bronze alloy ring with
sculptured bezel in the form
of a bust of Serapis.
17 x 10 x 4mm wt. 2.19gm.
cf. Amorai-Stark, Hershkovitz, “Gemstones,
Finger Rings, and Seal Boxes from Caesarea
Maritima, The Hendler Collection”, #399
c. Shay Hendler, Tel Aviv 2016.
v-drome
BCC_MA32_Bes_Ring_Bezel.jpg
BCC MA3217 viewsBronze Ring Fragment
Caesarea Maritima
1st-2nd Century CE?
Fragment of bronze alloy ring
with sculptured bezel in the
form of a bust of Bes(?),
or perhaps Serapis.
12 x 8 x 2.5mm wt. 0.6gm.
Surface find, 1972
v-drome
decius_aelia_serapis.jpg
BCC rgp21x49 viewsRoman Provincial
Aelia Capitolina
Trajan Decius 249-251C.E.
Obv:IMP C C MES Q TRA DECIVS AVG
Laureate bust right.
Rev:[COL] AEL KAP CON P F
Serapis wearing modius, seated left on throne,
holding staff, Cerberus at feet.
AE 26mm. 13.14gm. Axis:0
Ref: Sofaer 141, pl. 80, different dies, citing Meshorer 154
v-drome
neapolis_ela_BCC_rgp29_.jpg
BCC rgp2933 viewsRoman Provincial
Neapolis-Samaria
Elagabalus 218-222C.E.
Obv:AVT K M AV ANTWN[INOC]
Laureate head right.
Rev: ΦΛ ΝΕΑC ΠΟΛΕ[WC]
Bust of Serapis right.
half denomination
AE16mm. 6.28gm. Axis:180
Rosenberger 47
v-drome
732c.jpg
bostraspijk0402 viewsElagabalus
Bostra

Obv: Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
Rev: Serapis within distyle temple wearing kalanthos and chiton, standing left resting on scepter. Small animal at feet looking up.
17 mm, 2.74 gms

Spijkerman 40
Charles M
1c.jpg
bostraspijk040_22 viewsElagabalus
Bostra

Obv: Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
Rev: Serapis within distyle temple wearing kalanthos and chiton, standing left resting on scepter. Small animal at feet looking up.
17 mm, 3.10 gms

Spijkerman 40
Charles M
1435.jpg
bostraspijk040_36 viewsElagabalus
Bostra

Obv: AVTOKЄCAPANTWNINOC, Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
Rev: BOC-TPH →NWH, Serapis within distyle temple wearing kalanthos and chiton, standing left resting on scepter. Small animal at feet looking up.
20 mm, 4.77 gms

Spijkerman 40
Charles M
1436.jpg
bostraspijk040_46 viewsElagabalus
Bostra

Obv: AVTO...ANTWNINO, Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
Rev: BOC..., Serapis within distyle temple wearing kalanthos and chiton, standing left resting on scepter. Small animal at feet looking up.
23 mm, 6.96 gms

Spijkerman 40
Charles M
Caesarea_Maritima_AE_of_Commodus,_177-192_AD.JPG
Caesarea Maritima AE of Commodus, 177-192 AD39 viewsCommodus
Caesarea Maritima, Samaria
AE – 177-192 AD
IM COMMODVS ANTONINVS
laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right
COL P R MA F AVG CAESAR
draped bust of Serapis r.
SGI 2056, RPC 6324
Ardatirion
IMG_4404.JPG
Caesarea Maritima. Commodus, 180 - 192 AD.44 viewsCaesarea Maritima. Commodus, 180 - 192 AD. AE 24mm (10.76 gm).
Obv.: IM COMMODVS ANTONINVS, laureate,draped and cuirassed bust r.
Rev.: COL PRIMA F AVG CAESAREA, bust of Serapis r. SNG ANS 6, 785.
Maritima
1251c.jpg
caesarea073-14 viewsElagabalus
Caesarea, Samaria

Obv: IM C M AV ANTON. Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: COL I FLA [AV F C CAESA]. Bust of Serapis right.
22 mm, 8.23 gms

Sofaer 73
Charles M
234a.jpg
caesarea073-210 viewsElagabalus
Caesarea, Samaria

Obv: ...ANTON. Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: [COL I FLA AV F C] CAESA. Bust of Serapis right.
20 mm, 7.14 gms

Sofaer 73
Charles M
122.jpg
caesarea074-13 viewsElagabalus
Caesarea, Samaria

Obv: Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: COL I [FLA AV F C CAESA]. Bust of Serapis right.
20 mm, 7.29 gms

Sofaer 74, Rosenberger 72
Charles M
1315c.jpg
caesarea074-23 viewsElagabalus
Caesarea, Samaria

Obv: Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: COL I FL[A AV F C CAESA]. Bust of Serapis right.
23 mm, 6.83 gms

Sofaer 74, Rosenberger 72
Charles M
244.jpg
CAP/▪Δ‾, Serapis and bust170 viewsLYDIA. Tripolis (?). Commodus (?). Æ 32. A.D. 175-177. Obv: Dr. bust r.; 3 CMs. Ref: SNG Aul -; SNG Cop -. Weight: 19.49 g. Note: The identif. of the coin is consistent with other specimens bearing cm (2), which are from Tripolis, bear the portrait of Faustina Jr., and are around 30 mm. CM(1): CAP, ▪Δ‾, in 2 lines, in oval punch, 10 x 9 mm. Howg. 561 (46 pcs). Note: The "dash" to the right of the Δ might indicate that the denom. is 4 1/2 assaria. This, and other denominational countermarks, were applied at Sardis to worn coins of other cities in w. Roman Asia, although not to Sardian coins (unless worn smooth). Appl. may have taken place during the sole reign of Gallienus, the reason being that coins bearing the portr. of Gallienus have been found cm'd, while a cm'd coin has been found bearing the cm of another city consistent with this date. CM(2): Hd of Serapis r., in modius, n circ. punch, 4 mm. How. 20 (3 pcs). CM(3): Bust in circ punch, 5 mm. How. 95 ? (2 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
Caracalla_Ar_Ar.JPG
CARACALLA 54 viewsCARACALLA (Marcus Aurelius Antoninus August), Caesar 196–211 AD, August 211–217 AD
AR denarius, Rome, struck 217 AD, 3,28 grams, 18,35 mm, silver, RIC 289c, Sear 6846 (2000 edition)
Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM , laureate head right
Rev: P M TR P XX COS IIII P P , Serapis, wearing polos on head, standing left, holding wreath of corn-ears & scepter _7500

1 commentsAntonivs Protti
Caracalla_RIC_280c.jpg
Caracalla48 viewsDeanrius (3,36g - 18mm)
obv. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM
laureate head right
rev. P M TR P XVIIII COS IIII P P
Serapis standing front, head left, raising right hand, holding sceptre
Rome mint AD 216
RIC 280c
HG
CARACALLA_Marcus_Aurelius_Antoninus_Augustus.jpg
CARACALLA (Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus), Caesar 196–211 AD, August 211–217 AD201 viewsCARACALLA (Marcus Aurelius Antoninus August), Caesar 196–211 AD, August 211–217 AD
AR denarius, Rome, struck 217 AD, 3,28 grams, 18,35 mm, silver, RIC 289c, Sear 6846 (2000 edition)
Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM , laureate head right
Rev: P M TR P XX COS IIII P P , Serapis, wearing polos on head, standing left, holding wreath of corn-ears & scepter _7500


5 commentsAntonivs Protti
Caracalla_Serapis_6f.jpg
Caracalla * Serapis, 196-217 AD. AR Denarius138 views
Caracalla * Serapis, Silver Denarius

Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM * Laureate head right.
Rev: P M TR P XX COS IIII P P Serapis * wearing polos standing left, holding bound-wreath(?) in right hand and scepter in his left hand, arm slightly raised.

Exergue: (Blank)

Mint: Rome
Struck: 217 AD.

Size: 19 mm.
Weight: 2.53 grams
Die axis: 300°

Condition: Beautiful. Bright, clear luster. Small flan crack on reverse.

Refs:*
RIC 289c, pg. 255

2 commentsTiathena
C10.JPG
Caracalla - Serapis107 viewsAntoninianus 215
O/ ANTONINUS PIUS AUG GERM Man's radiate bust, bearded, draped and cuirassed right, seen from front
R/ P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P Serapis, modius on head, standing front, head left, raising right hand and holding long sceptre in left
C 295a - RIC 263e
Mint: Rome (8th emission)
septimus
IVi-193.jpg
Caracalla - Serapis50 viewsAR Denarius, Rome, 212 (2.94gm)
RIC IVi.193, RCV.6829v (C)
Ox: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT
O: Laureate head right.
Rx: P M TR P XV COS III P P
R: Serapis wearing polos on head, standing facing, head left, raising right hand and holding tranverse scepter in left.

ex. Dimitre Genoff (AAH)
Paul DiMarzio
RICIVi-209.jpg
Caracalla - Serapis53 viewsAR Denarius, Rome, 213 (2.11gm)
RIC IVi.209, RCV.6829 (C)
Ox: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT
O: Laureate head right.
Rx: P M TR P XVI COS IIII P P
R: Serapis wearing polos on head, standing facing, head left, raising right hand and holding tranverse scepter in left.

ex. Tom Wood, ex. Steve Clayton
Paul DiMarzio
x11.jpg
Caracalla 198-217 denarius38 viewsOb. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right
Rev. PM TR P XV COS III PP, Serapis standing left holding right hand high & transverse scepter.
Ref. RSC 195, RIC 193
Mint Rome

ANTONIUS PIUS AUGUSTUS BRITANNUS - Antonius Pius is your Emperor and Augustus and has conquered the Britains
PONTIFEX MAXIMUS TRIBUNICIA POTESTAS XV CONSUL III PATER PATRIAE - High priest, Tribune of the People for the fiftheenth time, Consul for the third time and father of the country

-:Bacchus:-
Bacchus
coin115.jpg
Caracalla AD 196-217 Silver Denarius 13 viewsCaracalla Den "Serapis AD 212". Caracalla
AD 196-217 Silver Denarius Obv: ANTONINVS
PIVS AVG BRIT - Laureate head right Rev:
PM TR P XV COS III PP - Serapis standing left,
holding right hand high and a transverse scepter.
Rome mint. RIC IVi, 193, Cohen 195 Coin #115
cars100
Lg006GreekLarge_quad_sm~1.jpg
Caracalla AE provincial, Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior (Nikyup, Bulgaria) (211 - 212 AD)14 viewsΑΥ Κ Μ ΑΥΡ – [ANTΩNINOC], laureate, draped bust right / Y ΦΛ OYΛΠIAN – NIKOΠOΛIT + ΠΡOC I in exergue, Nemesis-Aequitas standing left, holding scales in extended right hand and measuring rod (whip? sceptre?) in the crook of left arm, wheel at foot left.

Ӕ, 26 mm, 9.22 g, die axis 8h (turned coin)

I do not have access to any of the relevant provincial catalogs and cannot check any entries, but based on other similar coin descriptions on this site some numbers that may be close to this type are: AMNG I/1 1576-77, 1877-78; Varbanov (engl.) 3134, 3148, 3248; Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (HrHJ) No. 8.18.35.4-5, 8.18.35.8

AY[TOKPATΩΡ] K[AICAP] = Imperator Caesar, Μ[ΑΡΚΟC] ΑΥ[ΡΗΛΙΟC] ANTΩNINOC = Marcus Aurelius Antoninus aka "Caracalla". NIKOΠOΛIT[ΩN] PROC I[CTPΩN] ("πρός"="toward", but also "near to", like Latin "ad"; Istros = the lower Danube). ΦΛ OYΛΠIAN = Flavius Ulpianus, who was Roman governor of Lower Moesia (Moesia Inferior) starting from 210 to about 213. Before 211 Septimius Severus was still in charge; Caracalla visited the city in 211-212, was displeased with it and closed the mint (it was reopened only after his death), so the likely minting years are 211-212. All governors of Lower Moesia had titles on coins of either ΗΓ[ΕΜΟΝΑΣ] (governor of equestrian rank) or ΥΠ[ΑΤΕΥΟΝΤΟΣ] of the province (ΤΗΣ ΕΠΑΡΧΕΙΑΣ) (consular legate of senatorial rank). Y before the name of Flavius Ulpianus indicates the latter.

Aequitas = justice, equality, conformity, symmetry. Nemesis was originally understood as honest distributor of fortune, neither bad nor good, but in due proportion. Later it gained aspects of justice and divine retribution, but in Nemesis-Aequitas her qualities of honest dealing is emphasized. It symbolizes honesty, equality and justice of the emperor towards his subjects. The scales here mean honest measure rather than justice, the long stick she carries is most probably a measuring rod, but may also be a whip (symbol of punishment) or a sceptre (symbol of imperial power). The wheel may be the Wheel of Fortune (Rota Fortunae), but may also just symbolize equality.

CARACALLA, *4 April 188 Lugdunum (Lyon, France) † 8 April 217 (aged 29) road between Edessa and Carrhae ‡ 26 Dec 211 – 8 Apr 217 (not counting joint rule with his father and brother)

His birth name was Lucius Septimius Bassianus, then he was renamed Marcus Aurelius Antoninus at the age of 7 as part of his father's attempt at union with the families of Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius. He got the agnomen "Caracalla" after a Gallic hooded tunic that he habitually wore and made fashionable. He was also referred to as Tarautas, after a famously diminutive and violent gladiator of the time. The firstborn of the famous imperial couple Septimius Severus and Julia Domna, he was groomed to be emperor together with his brother Geta. They both were given titles of Caesars and even full Augusti before their father's death. But it was not going to happen, since the brothers hated each other. In 202 Caracalla was forced to marry the daughter of Gaius Fulvius Plautianus, Fulvia Plautilla, he immediately grew to hate them both. By 205 Caracalla had succeeded in having Plautianus executed for treason, probably fabricating the evidence of the plot himself. Then he banished his wife together with his own baby daughter first to Sicily and then to the largest of the Aeolian islands, Lipari. As soon as his father died, Caracalla ordered to strangle them both.

Septimius Severus died on 4 February 211 at Eboracum (present day York) while on campaign in Caledonia, north of Roman Britannia. Caracalla and Geta jointly ended the campaign by concluding a peace that returned the border to the line demarcated by Hadrian's Wall. During the journey back to Rome they continuously argued and finally decided to divide the empire, Caracalla was to rule in the west and Geta -- the east. They were persuaded not to do this, but their hostility was only increasing. On 26 December 211, at a reconciliation meeting arranged by their mother, Caracalla had Geta assassinated by members of the Praetorian Guard loyal to himself, Geta dying in his mother's arms. Caracalla then persecuted and executed most of Geta's supporters and ordered a damnatio memoriae pronounced by the Senate against his brother's memory. Geta's image was removed from all paintings, coins were melted down, statues were destroyed, his name was struck from papyrus records, and it became a capital offence to speak or write Geta's name. In the aftermath of the damnatio memoriae, an estimated 20,000 people were massacred. Those killed were Geta's inner circle of guards and advisers, friends, and other military staff under his employ.

In 213, about a year after Geta's death, Caracalla left Rome never to return. He went north to the German frontier to deal with restless Germanic tribes through wars and diplomacy. While there, Caracalla strengthened the frontier fortifications of Raetia and Germania Superior, collectively known as the Agri Decumates, so that it was able to withstand any further barbarian invasions for another twenty years. Then it became evident that he was preoccupied with Alexander the Great. He began openly mimicking Alexander in his personal style and started planning an invasion of "Persia", the Parthian Empire. He even arranged 16,000 of his men in Macedonian-style phalanxes, despite this foration being obsolete for centuries. Caracalla's mania for Alexander went so far that he persecuted philosophers of the Aristotelian school based on a legend that Aristotle had poisoned Alexander. This was a sign of Caracalla's increasingly erratic behaviour. When the inhabitants of Alexandria heard of Caracalla's claims that he had killed his brother Geta in self-defence, they produced a satire mocking this as well as Caracalla's other pretensions. So in 215 Caracalla travelled to Alexandria and responded to this insult by slaughtering the deputation of leading citizens who had unsuspectingly assembled before the city to greet his arrival, before setting his troops against Alexandria for several days of looting and plunder. Following the massacre at Alexandria, Caracalla moved east into Armenia. By 216 he had pushed through Armenia and south into Parthia and pursued a series of aggressive campaigns in the east against the Parthians, intended to bring more territory under direct Roman control. In the following winter, Caracalla retired to Edessa (Şanlıurfa, south-east Turkey) and began making preparations to renew the campaign by spring. On 8 April 217 Caracalla was travelling to visit a temple near Carrhae (Harran, southern Turkey), where in 53 BC the Romans had suffered a defeat at the hands of the Parthians. After stopping briefly to urinate, Caracalla was approached by a soldier, Justin Martialis, and stabbed to death. Martialis had been incensed by Caracalla's refusal to grant him the position of centurion, and the Praetorian Guard Prefect Macrinus, Caracalla's successor, saw the opportunity to use Martialis to end Caracalla's reign. In the immediate aftermath of Caracalla's death, his murderer, Martialis, was killed as well. Three days later, Macrinus declared himself emperor with the support of the Roman army.

Caracalla's reign was marked by domestic instability, the massacres he enacted against the people of Rome and elsewhere in the empire, and external invasions from the Germanic people. Surprisingly for such a brute, Caracalla was also notable for some statesmanship, perhaps due to some help of his mother, who stayed in Rome and performed many administrative duties in her son's absence. The most famous is the Antonine Constitution (Constitutio Antoniniana), aka the Edict of Caracalla, which granted Roman citizenship to nearly all freemen throughout the Roman Empire. The edict gave all the enfranchised men Caracalla's adopted praenomen and nomen: "Marcus Aurelius". Domestically, Caracalla was known for the construction of the Baths of Caracalla, which became the second-largest baths in Rome, and building a temple to Serapis, Graeco-Egyptian god of healing, whom he thought to be his divine patron, on the Quirinal Hill. The numismatists will always remember him because of the introduction of a new Roman coin denomination, currently designated "antoninianus" after him. The reduced silver purity of the new coins caused people to hoard the old denarii and thanks to this now we can enjoy lots of well-preserved early Roman silver coins.

Caracalla was one of the cruellest and most tyrannical Roman emperors. That was why in the 18th century Caracalla's memory was revived in the works of French artists trying to draw the parallels between him and King Louis XVI. But there were also other narratives surrounding his name: in the 12th century, Geoffrey of Monmouth started the legend of "Bassianus" as the king of Britain, who won the kingship by fighting his brother over it.
Yurii P
Caracalla_AE17_of_Nikopolis_ad_Istrum_.jpg
Caracalla AE17 of Nikopolis ad Istrum. 23 viewsObv. M AVR ANTWNIN, bare-headed, draped bust right
Rev. NIKOPOL PROC IC, laureate bust of Serapis right.
Moushmov 1077. Varbanov 2920.. 16 mm, 2,75g. _3947
Antonivs Protti
Caracalla_Serdica.JPG
Caracalla AE30 Serdica Ruzicka 11822 viewsCaracalla, AE30 of Serdica, Thrace. AVT K M AVP CEV ANTWNEINOC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / OULPIAC CERDIKHC, Serapis, kalathos on head, standing left in long robe, holding sceptre and raising right hand. Ruzicka 118; H&J 12.18.6.4; Varbanov 2435 var (obverse legend).Britanikus
Caracalla_serdica_.jpg
Caracalla AE30 Serdica Ruzicka 11841 viewsCaracalla, AE30 of Serdica, Thrace. AVT K M AVP CEV ANTWNEINOC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / OULPIAC CERDIKHC, Serapis, kalathos on head, standing left in long robe, holding sceptre and raising right hand. Ruzicka 118; H&J 12.18.6.4; Varbanov 2435 var (obverse legend). 1 commentsBritanikus
873.jpg
Caracalla and Geta, Markianopolis, bust of Serapis9 viewsCaracalla and Geta, Markianopolis, bust of Serapis
legate Flavius Ulpianus, 26 mm, 9.6 g
Obverse: AV K M AV ANTWNINOC AV K L CEP GETAC; confronted busts of Caracalla and Geta. Reverse: V FL OULPIANOU MARKIANOPOLITWN; draped bust of Serapis right, E to left AMNG 649, ex areich

Podiceps
1060.jpg
CARACALLA and JULIA DOMNA26 viewsAE 27. Markianopolis 198-217 AD. 12,43 grs. Laureate head of Caracalla right confronted with bust of Julia Domna, draped, left. ANTΩNINOC AVΓOVCTOC IOVΛIA ΔO in upper field MNA. / Tetrastyle temple with two-stepped base, top of roof and acroteria decorated with floral elements, shield (or globe?) in pediment; in central intercolumnare Serapis in himation, wearing kalathos, standing facing , holding transverse sceptre in left arm and raising right hand in greeting attitude. VΠ KVNTIΛIANOV MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN. In left field E.
BMC 3.30,19. Hristova/Jekov II No. 6.19.46.7 corr. Same obverse die.

benito
00carajdomn.jpg
CARACALLA AND JULIA DOMNA32 viewsAE 27. Markianopolis 198-217 AD. 12,43 grs. Laureate head of Caracalla right confronted with bust of Julia Domna, draped, left. ANTΩNINOC AVΓOVCTOC IOVΛIA ΔO in upper field MNA. / Tetrastyle temple with two-stepped base, top of roof and acroteria decorated with floral elements, shield (or globe?) in pediment; in central intercolumnare Serapis in himation, wearing kalathos, standing facing , holding transverse sceptre in left arm and raising right hand in greeting attitude. VΠ KVNTIΛIANOV MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN. In left field E.
BMC 3.30,19. Hristova/Jekov II No. 6.19.46.7 corr. Same obverse die.
benito
ant11.jpg
Caracalla Antoninianus Serapis60 viewsOb. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, radiate, draped bust right
Rev. P M TR P XX COS IIII P P, Serapis standing left, wearing polos & holding wreath of corn ears & transverse scepter

Ref. RIC 289d, RSC 383b
Weight 4.9g

ANTONIUS PIUS AUGUSTUS GERMANICUS - Antonius Pius is your Emperor and Augustus and has conquered the Germans
PONTIFEX MAXIMUS TRIBUNICIA POTESTAS XX CONSUL IIII PATER PATRIAE - High priest, Tribune of the People for the twentieth time, Consul for the fourth time and father of the country

-:Bacchus:-
1 commentsBacchus
Carac.jpg
Caracalla Caesarea Maritima AE1713 viewsObv. Caracalla facing right.
Rev. Serapis Facing right.
17mm, 3.4 grams.
ANS book on the Safaer collection, Caesarea #73-76.
Canaan
caracalla5.jpg
Caracalla Denarius36 viewsCaracalla Denarius.

Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right
Rev: P M TR P XV COS III P P, Serapis, wearing modius, standing front, head left, raising right hand and holding transverse sceptre.

RIC 193, RSC 195, BMC 39
Tanit
Caracalla_Denarius_Serapis.jpg
Caracalla Denarius Serapis34 viewsObv.
ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM
Laureate head right

Rev.
P M TR P XX COS IIII P P
Serapis, wearing polos on head, standing left, holding wreath of corn-ears & scepter

1 commentsancientdave
Caracalla_Iulia_Domna_Makrianopolis_Varbanov_1049.jpg
Caracalla Markianopolis32 viewsAE 29 (13,28g)
obv. ΑΝΤΩΝΙΝOC ΑVΓOVCΤΟC ΙΟVΑ[ΙΑ ΔΟM]NA
Laureate bust of Caracalla right facing draped bust of Julia Domna left
rev. VΠ ΚVΝΤΙΛΙΑΝΟV ΜΑΡΚΙΑΝΟΠΟΛΙΤΩΝ
Tetrastyle temple with horned roof containing statue of Serapis standing left with right hand raised. Pellet in pediment. E in left field
Varbanov 1049
HG
caracalla_261.JPG
Caracalla RIC IV, 261(d)156 viewsCaracalla 198-217
AR - Antoninianus, 5.3g, 22.63mm, 180°
Rome AD 215
obv. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM
cuirassed bust, radiate head r.
rev. PM TRP XVIII COS IIII PP
Pluto with modius on head seated l. on throne, sceptre in l. hand, r. extended
towards three-headed Cerberus l., before him.
RIC IV/1, 261(c); not in Cohen
Rare; nice EF, one of the earliest Antoniniani!
added to www.wildwinds.com

PLUTO(N), Greek HADES, god of the underworld, identified by the three-headed Cerberus. But the modius shows, that at this time Pluto was mixed up with Serapis. The Serapeion in Alexandria had shown Serapis with Cerberus too! Caracalla should have built a Serapeion on the Quirinal.
4 commentsJochen
caracalla_pax.jpg
Caracalla Serapis35 viewsCaracalla, Serapis

Obverse: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT - Laureate head right
Reverse: P M TR P XV COS III P P - Serapis standing left, holding right hand high and a transverse scepter
Mint : Rome
Date : 212 AD
Reference : RSC 193, RIC 194
Denom: Denarius
Metal : Silver
Bolayi
Caracalla_Sarapis.JPG
Caracalla Serapis18 viewsCaracalla, Nikopolis Ad Istrum AE17, 15mm, 1.838g, Moushmov 1077, Varbanov 2308, 15mm, 1.838g
OBV: ANTWNIN, laureate bust right
REV: NIKOPOL PROC IC, laureate bust of Serapis right.

Ex Forvm Ancient Coins
Romanorvm
Caracalla_RIC_194~0.JPG
Caracalla, 198 - 217 AD30 viewsObv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head of Caracalla facing right.

Rev: PM TRP XV COS III PP, Serapis, wearing a modius, raising right hand and holding a traverse spear.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 212 AD

3.2 grams, 18.6 mm, 180°

RIC IVi 194, RSC 195, S6829 (var.), VM 59/1
1 commentsSPQR Coins
Caracalla_RIC208a.jpg
Caracalla, 198–217 CE59 viewsAR denarius, Rome, 213 CE; 3.29g. BMCRE 50, RIC 208a, RSC 211. Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT; head laureate right. Rx: PM TR P XVI – COS IIII PP; Serapis standing left, polos on head, raising right hand and holding slanting scepter in left.

Notes: Second issue of the sole reign of Caracalla.

Provenance: Ex Berk BBS 179 (March 2012), lot 302.
1 commentsMichael K5
serapis_k.jpg
Caracalla, AD 198-21711 viewsAR denarius, 2.9g, 19mm, 6h; Rome mint, AD 217.
Obv.: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM; Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
Rev.: PM TRP XX COS IIII PP; Serapis, wearing polos on head, standing left, holding corn ears in wreath (?) and scepter.
Reference: RIC 4a Caracalla 289c, p. 255.
Notes: sold to Sal, 12/2105
John Anthony
CaraStobe83.JPG
Caracalla, AE 20 Assarion?59 views[?] M AV ANTONI[N?]
Bust laureate, right
STOBEN/SI MVNICIP[I?]
Serapis (syncretic with Asklepios?) standing facing, holding patera in raised arm, holding snake and possible staff
Unlisted dies
Only two assarion specimens listed by Josifovski with average weight of 3.2 g. This piece weighs 4.3 g. The lightest known diassaria of Caracalla is 4.87 g. (n = 222).
whitetd49
c1.jpg
Caracalla, antoninianus, RIC 261c ("R"), 215 CE17 viewsMy first and only so far antoninianus. It's not only worn but also cut, but it seems it's quite rare (RIC gives it an "R") and I believe it's among the first antoniniani ever minted - it was minted in 215 - the year when these coins were introduced.

Obverse: radiate cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
Legend: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM

Reverse: Serapis/Pluto seated left wearing polos, holding scepter, & reaching toward three-headed dog Cerberus seated to left.
Legend: P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P
AquilaSPQR
caracalla_fouree_core.jpg
Caracalla, cf. RIC 263f (fouree core)27 viewsCaracalla, AD 198-217
AE - denarius fouree core
unknown illegal mint
obv. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM
Bust, laureate, r.
rev. PM TRP XVIII COS IIII PP
Serapis in himation and with modius, stg. facing, head l., holding scepter in
l. hand and raising r. hand in greeting attitude
cf. RIC IV/1, 263 f
about VF/good F

The fuzzy and soft structures suggest that this is the core of an ancient fouree.
Jochen
Caracalla_serapis_limes.jpg
Caracalla, Serapis, 'limes denarius'35 viewsObv.: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right
Rev.: PM TR P XVI COS III PP - Serapis, wearing polos on head, standing left, rising right hand in salute and holding a transverse scepter
original probably RIC 194
ex AAH
areich
Caracalla_Serdica~0.jpg
Caracalla, Serdica, Serapis, AE1836 viewsCaracalla Caesar at Serdica,
17.9 mm, 5.8 g.

obv.: bare headed, draped bust right
rev.: CΕPΔΩN, bust of Serapis right

Ruzicka, Münzen von Serdica, 372 var.
areich
2013-10-29_nikkon7900201323.jpg
Caracalla, Stobi34 viewsAe

AVMAVRANTONINVS
Bust laureate, cuirassed, right

STOBE-MVNICI
Serapis standing facing, holding patera in raised arm, holding snake

Kuzmanovic Collection 1034 (same dies)
wildwinds example (this coin)
Robin Ayers
cvar4913ORweb.jpg
Caracalla, Varbanov I 4913 (var.)13 viewsTomis mint, Caracalla, 198-217 A.D. AE, 26mm 7.78g, Varbanov I 4913 (var.)
O: AYT K M AYP ANTΩNEINOC, laur., dr., and cuir. bust r.
R: MHTPO ΠONTOV TOMEΩC, bust of Serapis r., wearing kalathos, Δ in field to l. (* Varbanov has it listed as Δ in field to r.)
casata137ec
rhodes~0.jpg
Caria, Rhodes. AE1815 viewsObv: PODI WN. Radiate bust of Helios? right.
Rev: PODIWN, radiate bust of Serapis right
ancientone
Carracala.jpg
Carracala Denarius - Seraphis19 viewsSilver denarius, RIC IV 280(c), RSC III 348, BMCRE V 168, VF, Rome mint, 216 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, laureate head right; reverse P M TR P XVIIII COS IIII P P, Serapis, standing half-right, looking left, modius on head, raising right, long vertical scepter in left;Adrian S
CiliciaAdanaSarapisSaros1a_(exFrancisJarman).jpg
Cilicia, Adana. Pseudo-autonomous issue, possibly time of Hadrian. SNG Tahberer 65.16 viewsCilicia, Adana. Pseudo-autonomous issue, possibly time of Hadrian (AD 117–138). Æ 16mm, 2.45 g, 6h.
Obverse: Draped bust of Serapis (Sarapis) right, wearing modius.
Reverse: ΑΔΑ – Ν – ЄΩΝ, facing view of the river-god Saros, swimming.
References: SNG Tahberer 65; Lindgren I 1392.
Ex Francis Jarman, 10-2-2014; ex Münz Zentrum Rheinland, Auktion 170 (Sept. 17, 2014), Lot 656 (part).
Mark Fox
A2084A82-FEDD-49ED-9FE3-7B8110BDEDD5.jpeg
Cilicia, Flaviopolis-Flavias; Valerian I5 viewsCILICIA, Flaviopolis-Flavias. Valerian I. AD 253-260. Æ 32mm Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Bust of Serapis right, wearing calathus. SNG France 2202; SNG Levante 1559
ecoli
claudiusII_201.jpg
Claudius II Gothicus RIC V, 20135 viewsClaudius II. Gothicus, AD 268-270
AE - Antoninianus, 2.91g, 22.42mm, 0°
Antiochia
obv. IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG
Bust, draped and cuirassed, radiate, r.
rev. CONS - E - R AVG
Serapis in himation, wearing modius, stg. facing, head l., holding in l. arm long sceptre and raising r.
hand in greeting attitude
in ex. gamma
ref. RIC V/1, 201; C.58
S!, about VF
1 commentsJochen
claudius com.JPG
Claudius II RIC V-1 Antioch 201 54 viewsAE 19 mm 4.2 grams
OBV :: IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG. Radiate, draped bust right
REV :: CONSER AVG. Serapis standing left, right hand raised, left hand holding sceptre
EX :: gamma
RIC V (1) 201 Antioch
RIC rated Scarce
from uncleaned lot 10/2007
Johnny
claudius sand com.JPG
Claudius II RIC V-1 Antioch 201 44 viewsAE 19-22 mm 3.4 grams
OBV :: IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG. Radiate, draped bust right
REV :: CONSER AVG. Serapis standing left, right hand raised, left hand holding sceptre
EX :: gamma
RIC V (1) 201 Antioch
RIC rated Scarce
from uncleaned lot 02/2008
Johnny
Commodus_Alexandria_Serapis~0.jpg
Commodus - Alexandria11 viewsBI tetradrachm
29 Aug 183 - 28 Aug 184 AD
laureate head right
M A KO ANTW__CEB EYCEB
Commodus standing left, sacrificing at altar; bust of Serapis set on column right
K_Δ
L
Geissen 2212; Milne 2655; SNG Cop 571; Dattari 3847 var. (obv. legend); BMC Alexandria p. 178, 1432 var. (same); SRCV II 5914; Emmett 2529
12,8g
ex Dionysos
Johny SYSEL
commodus_261corr.jpg
Commodus RIC III, 261 corr.35 viewsCommodus, AD 177-192
AR - denarius, 20g, 19mm
Rome AD 191/92
obv. L AEL AVREL CO - MM AVG P FEL
Laureate head r.
rev. SERAPI - DI CONSERV AVG
Serapis in long robe, modius on head, stg. frontal, head l., holding long vertical sceptre in
l. hand and raising r. hand in greeting attitude
ref. RIC III, 261 corr., pl. XV, 312 (writes "Serapis, radiate" and "holding branch"); C. 703;
BMCR IV, 59-361 var. (different legend breaks, writes "holding branch")
scarce, about SS

I think it is not a branch but only the typical long fingers of his r. hand. And RIC has misinterpreted flow lines as "radiated head".

This is the first Roman imperial coin showing Serapis in his standard position (There is a coin from Domitian with Serapis in a temple too).
2 commentsJochen
Commodus_Serapis.jpg
Commodus Serapis35 viewsCommodus, Denarius, 177 - 192 AD, Struck 191 - 192 AD, Rome, 2.42g, 17mm, 180o, RIC III 261
OBV: L AEL AVREL COMM AVG P FEL, laureate head right;
REV: SERAPIDI CONSERV AVG, Serapis, radiate, standing facing, head left, holding branch and scepter
An interesting appearance of Serapis as protector of the emperor.
Serapis was credited with a healing attribute, especially in cases of acute diseases.
Marcus Aurelius, tortured with the malady which later killed him, made a visit to the temple of Serapis at Perinthus, Thrace;
and according to his historian, he returned in health.
EX: Forvm Ancient Coins

SCARCE
Romanorvm
commodus_tetra_serapis.jpg
Commodus, Serapis & Cerberus, year 298 viewsCOMMODUS billon tetradrachm. 26mm, 13.2g. Alexandria, Egypt. Regnal year 29 (188-189 A.D.) MA KOM ANTW CEB EVCEB, laureate bust right. Reverse - Serapis enthroned left, hand extended over Cerberus who stands at his feet. Sear RCV 5924. Ex IncitatusPodiceps
ConstantinusGenioAugustiBar.jpg
Constantinvs BARB from Alexandria62 viewsReduced follis from Alexandria for Constantinus I

MP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
laureate head right
R/ GENIO AVGVSTI [To the spirit of the Emperor] Genius, modius on head standing left, chalmys across left shoulder, Serapis head in right hand, cornucopia in left hand.
X/A/ALE

22 mm -- 4,69 g
1 commentsgb29400
1330_Diadumenian_Caesarea.jpg
Diadumenian - Caesarea Maritima5 views217-218 AD
draped and cuirassed bust right
M OP DIADVMENIAN[V?] CAE
head of Serapis right wearing modius
COL·P·FL·AV_F·C·CAESAR
Kadman 78; SNG ANS 801; Rosenberger 67.
ex Bertolami
Johny SYSEL
horsessssssssss_026.JPG
Diadumenian AE 21 mm of Caesarea Maritima. 41 viewsDiadumenian AE 21 mm of Caesarea Maritima. Laureate draped bust right / Bust of Serapis right, wearing kalathos. Rosenberger 67 1 commentsAntonio Protti
diotet.jpg
Diocletian (284 - 305 A.D.)25 viewsEgypt, Alexandria
Potin Tetradrachm
O.: A K Γ OYA Λ ΔIOKΛHTIANOC CEB; Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
R.: Alexandria standing left holding head of Serapis and scepter, star to right, L-Є across fields (Year 5).
Alexandria mint, 288/289 A.D.
20mm
6.6g
Milne 4915, Curtis 1956
Mat
Diocletian_Tetra~0.jpg
Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt.36 viewsBillon tetradrachm, Geissen 3243; Dattari 5624; Milne 4915; Curtis 1956; SNG Cop 994; BMC Alexandria p. 326, 2530; Kampmann -, VF, crowded flan cuts off right side of obverse legend, Alexandria mint, 7.290 grams, 19.1 mm, die axis 0o, 29 Aug 288 - 28 Aug 289 A.D.; obverse and#913; and#922; and#915; and#927;and#933;and#913;and#923; and#8710;and#921;and#927;and#922;and#923;and#919;and#932;and#921;and#913;and#925;and#927;C Cand#917;and#914;, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse Alexandria standing left, turreted, head of Serapis in right, long scepter vertical in left, L - E (year 5) flanking across field, star right.

Ptolemy Soter integrated Egyptian religion with that of the Hellenic rulers by creating Serapis, a deity that would win the reverence of both groups. This was despite the curses of the Egyptian priests against the gods of previous foreign rulers (i.e Set who was lauded by the Hyksos). Alexander the Great had attempted to use Amun for this purpose, but Amum was more prominent in Upper Egypt, and not as popular in Lower Egypt, where the Greeks had stronger influence. The Greeks had little respect for animal-headed figures, and so an anthropomorphic statue was chosen as the idol, and proclaimed as the equivalent of the highly popular Apis. It was named Aser-hapi (i.e. Osiris-Apis), which became Serapis, and was said to be Osiris in full, rather than just his Ka (life force). Ptolemy`s efforts were successful - in time Serapis was held by the Egyptians in the highest reverence above all other deities, and he was adored in Athens and other Greek cities.


EX; FORVM Ancient Coins.

*With my sincere thank and appreciation , Photo and Description courtesy of FORVM Ancient Coins Staff.
Sam
coin74.jpg
DIOCLETIANUS billon tetradrachm from Alexandria.10 viewsDIOCLETIANUS billon tetradrachm from Alexandria.
Obv. DIOKLETIANOC CEB, laureate bust right.
Rev. Alexandria standing facing, head left, holding
scepter right andhead of Serapis left. LB in field =
year 2, 285/286 AD. Koln 3210; Milne 4781; Curtis 1954
Dattari 5622; Emmettt 4025. Coin #74
cars100
D816_(5)sm.jpg
Domitian RIC-81672 viewsAR Denarius, 2.73g
Rome mint, 95-96 AD
Obv: DOMITIANVS AVG GERM; Head of Domitian, bare, bearded, r.
Rev: Temple, eight columns, seated figure in centre; IMP CAESAR on architrave
RIC 816 (R2). BMC 243. RSC 175. BNC -.
Ex Private Collection.

Domitian struck a rare undated issue of denarii depicting five different temples. Based on portrait style and the fact that Domitian's moneyers were experimenting with new reverse designs after 94, the issue has been dated to either 95 or 96. Four of the five temples have been identified - Serapis, Cybele, Minerva, and Capitoline Jupiter. The fifth type is an octastyle temple, as seen on the coin above, and its identification remains a mystery. Mattingly conjectured it could be the Temple of Divus Vespasian, P.V. Hill and D. Vagi thought it possibly the Temple of Jupiter Victor, R.H. Darwell-Smith speculated it is the Temple of Jupiter Custos, and M. Tameanko believed it to be the Temple of Divus Augustus. Tameanko makes the strongest case. Earlier renditions of the temple on the coinage under Caligula show it with a hexastyle facade. Domitian restored or rebuilt the temple after the fire of 80. His architect Rabirius may have completely overhauled the building in a more contemporary style producing an octastyle temple. Almost a hundred years later Antoninus Pius restored the temple again and struck a series of coins commemorating the event. His coins indeed depict an octastyle temple very much like the one seen on this denarius and may be proof that under Domitian the temple was rebuilt as an octastyle structure. However, until more evidence comes to light, the identification remains uncertain. Like Domitian's earlier Saecular Games series, the temple denarii were likely struck as a special issue, perhaps reflecting Domitian's new interest as builder. The remarkable bare headed portrait further enhances the issue as something special.

Needless to say it is a fantastically rare piece! Additionally, the eight column type may be the scarcest of the temple group, considering I have located only two other examples in trade over the last 15 years. The other two coins (OldRomanCoins 2002, HJB 145, lot 265) are obverse die matches with mine. Oddly, some specimens (BM 234 for example) lack IMP CAESAR on the architrave.

Worn, with some bumps and scrapes, but well-centred and in good style with plenty of eye appeal.
4 commentsDavid Atherton
074.jpg
Domitius Domitianus Octodrachm141 viewsKoln 3367; Milne 5245; Emmet 4241-2; Dattari 10830; RCV 12982; Sear 4801 var; Alexandria, Egypt
11.30 g, 21 mm
DOMITI-ANOC CEB, radiate head right
Serapis advancing right, transverse staff in left hand, right hand raised, upright palm branch behind, LB in right field
Extremely rare
(Many thanks to FORVM member "Potator II" for additional attributions!)
6 commentsMark Z2
0561-410~0.jpg
Domitius Domitianus, Octadrachm602 viewsOctadrachm struck in Alexandria in 297 AD
Obv : ΔOMITI-ANOC CEB, radiate head of Domitianus right
Rev : LB (regnal year 2), Serapis walking right, palm behind
12.79 gr
Ref : Sear #4801, Alexandrian coins #4241/2 (the illustration is this ex)

Domitius Domitianus, stationed in Egypt, rebelled against Diocletianus in july 296 AD and was proclaimed emperor. He was defeated during spring 297 AD. Diocletian decided to close the alexandrian mint, so the coins of Domitianus are the last provincial coins from Alexandria. Also, Domitianus was the only ruler to strike octadrachms (in paralle with didrachms, tetradrachms and hexadrachms)
2 commentsPotator II
0561-410np_noir.jpg
Domitius Domitianus, Octadrachm, Emmet plate coin - *177 viewsAlexandria mint, AD 296-297
ΔOMITI-ANOC CEB, Radiate bust of Domitius right
No legend, Serapis going right, LB in field (regnal year 2)
12.79 gr
Ref : Emmett, Alexandrian coins #4241/2, this example illustrated, Dattari # 10830, RCV # 12982 (2000), Sear # 4801 var (It's actually an hexadrachm in Sear)
Domitius Domitianus, stationed in Egypt, rebelled against Diocletianus in july 296 AD and was proclaimed emperor. He was defeated during spring 297 AD. Diocletian decided to close the alexandrian mint, so the coins of Domitianus are the last provincial coins from Alexandria. Also, Domitianus was the only ruler to strike octadrachms (in parallel with didrachms, tetradrachms and hexadrachms)

For more information, see, in english : http://www.forumancientcoins.com/numiswiki/view.asp?key=Domitius%20Domitianus or "en français" http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=54339.0

Also, the following comment, about another specimen sold at CNG (Triton XI, Lot # 539) "For the most part, scholars agree that the larger coins featuring the radiate bust must be a double, and thereby call it an octodrachm. At half the weight, then, the smallest coins with the Nike on the reverse must be tetradrachms, though these coins have erroneously been called heretofore didrachms. The weights of these tetradrachms appear consistent with the final issues of pre-reform tetradrachms of the Tetrarchs. The middle denomination poses the largest challenge to this arrangement. By weight, it should be a hexadrachm. However, no such denomination was known to have been struck in Egypt, though tetradrachms earlier in the third century achieved this weight. The obvious problem here would be the confusion caused in circulating the same denomination in two different weights. As this type is the rarest of the group, it is possible that it was meant for a special occasion, or more remotely, a stalled attempt to reinstitute the pre-reform coinage on an earlier weight standard. Further investigation may shed more light on this subject.
3 commentsPotator II
EB0488b_scaled.JPG
EB0488 Caracalla / Serapis14 viewsCaracalla, AE As, 213 AD.
Obv: [ANTONINVS PIVS] AVG BRIT, Laureate head right.
Rev: [P M TR P XVI] COS IIII P P S C, Serapis standing left, holding sceptre.
References: RIC IV 505.
Diameter: 25.5mm, Weight: 9.619 grams.
EB
EB0592_scaled.JPG
EB0592 Nero / Serapis8 viewsNero, Billon Tetradrachm of Alexandria.
Obv: NEΡΩ KΛAY KAIΣ ΣEB ΓEΡ, radiate head right.
Rev: AVTO (KPA), draped bust of Serapis right, (LI)(year 10 = 63-64 AD) before.
References: Milne 222; Koln 160.
Diameter: 24.5mm, Weight: 11.46 grams.
EB
EB0607_scaled.JPG
EB0607 Trajan / Serapis12 viewsTrajan, billon tetradrachm of Alexandria. Year 19, AD 115-116.
Obv: AYT TRAIAN ARI ΣE-B GERM DAKIK PAR, radiate bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder, star before.
Rev: LI-theta, draped bust of Serapis right, kalathos on head.
References: Dattari 685; Milne 760.
Diameter: 24.5mm, Weight: 10.696 grams.
EB
EB0633_scaled.JPG
EB0633 Commodus / Serapis11 viewsCommodus 177-192 AD, Billon Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Year 21 = 180-181 AD.
Obv: (MA KO ANTW) CEB EVCEB, Laureate head right.
Rev: Emperor standing left, dropping incense on alter, to left bust of Serapis on column, K A at sides, L below.
References: Dattari 3847; BMC 1433.
Diameter: 26mm, Weight: 10.905 grams.
EB
EB0637_scaled.JPG
EB0637 Severus Alexander / Serapis14 viewsSeverus Alexander, 222-235 AD, Billon Tetradrachm of Alexandria, year 2 (222/3).
Obverse: Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: Bust of Serapis right; LB across field.
References: Dattari 4344, BMC 1649
Diameter: 23mm Weight: 12.98g
EB
EB0759_scaled.JPG
EB0759 Maximinus II / Sol Invicto11 viewsMaximinus II 310-313, AE Follis, Nicomedia 311-313 AD.
Obverse: IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, laureate head right.
Reverse: SOLI INVICTO, Sol standing left in long robe, with raised right hand and holding up head of Serapis in left, A to left, star to right, [mintmark SMN].
References: Cf. RIC VI 77b (star over A to left).
Diameter: 22.5mm, Weight: 3.669g.
EB
EB0876_scaled.JPG
EB0876 Maximinus II / Genius6 viewsMaximinus II 309-313, AE Follis, Alexandria, 312 AD.
Obverse: IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS PF AVG, laureate head right.
Reverse: GENIO-AVGVSTI, Genius standing left, modius on head, holding head of Serapis and cornucopiae, X-B across fields, crescent in upper left, Mintmark ALE.
References: Cf. RIC VI Alexandria 149b.
Diameter: 23mm, Weight: 5.116g.
EB
EB0911_scaled.JPG
EB0911 Serapis / Demeter2 viewsSicily, Katana, AE 22, Circa 1st Century BC.
Obverse: Janiform head of Serapis; three monograms around.
Reverse: KATA-NAI-ΩN, Demeter standing left, holding grain ear and torch.
References: SNG ANS 1302.
Diameter: 22mm, Weight: 9.37g.
EB
014_Nero_(54-68_AD)-AR-Tetradrachm,_G-160-61,_D-251-52,_Alexandria,_NEP_-K_AY-KAI_-_EB-_EP_AYTOKPA-L-I_Serapis_Q-001_axis-11h_23,5-25mm_11,53g-s.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, 014 Nero (54-68 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-160-161, D-251-252, AY-TOKPA, Draped bust of Serapis right,131 viewsEgypt, Alexandria, 014 Nero (54-68 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-160-161, D-251-252, AY-TOKPA, Draped bust of Serapis right,
avers:- NERΩ-KΛAΥ-KAIΣ-ΣEB-ΓER, Radiate head of Nero right
revers:- AY-TOKPA, Draped bust of Serapis right, wearing calathus, date (LI) to right.
exe: -/LI//--, diameter: 23,5-25mm, weight: 11,53g, axis: 11h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: Dated year (LI) 10 = 63-64 A.D., ref: Geissen-160-161, Dattari-251-252, Kapmann-Ganschow-14.77-p-59, RPC-5274,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
020-Vespasian_AE-25,_Alexandria,_AYTOK-KAIS_SEBA-OYESPASIANOY,_LS-Y-6-73-74_Serapis-r__K-G-20_45,RPC-2441_Q-001_0h_23,8-25,3mm_8,15g-s.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, 020 Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), AE-25, G-300, D-401, LS, Serapis bust right,142 viewsEgypt, Alexandria, 020 Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), AE-25, G-300, D-401, LS, Serapis bust right,
avers:- AYTOK-KAIΣ-ΣEBA-OYEΣΠAΣIANOY, Laureate head of Vespasianus right.
revers:- LS, Serapis bust right.
exe: -/-//LS, diameter: 25mm, weight: 12,14g, axis: 0h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: Year (LS) 6 = 73-74 A.D., ref: Geissen-300, Dattari-401, Kapmann-Ganschow-20.45-p-70, RPC-2441, Milne- ,
Q-001
quadrans
Nero_R622_fac~0.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, AD 063/064, Nero, Serapis6 viewsNero
Alexandria
Billon-Tetradrachm
Obv.: NEPΩ KΛAV KAIΣ ΣEB ΓEP, radiate head right
Rev.: AY[T]O KPA, draped bust of Serapis right, wearing taenia and calathus; L I (date) before.
Billon, 11.7g, 23mm
Ref.: RPC I 5274
Ex Naville Numismatics, auction 39, Lot 260
shanxi
Hadrian_12.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, AD 131/132, Hadrian, Sarapis 11 viewsHadrian
Egypt, Alexandria
Billon Tetradrachm
Obv.: ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ - ΤΡΑΙ ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ, laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Hadrian, r., seen from rear
Rev.: Sarapis seated, l., holding sceptre; to l., Cerberus, LI - Ϛ (year 16=131/132)
Ref.: Dattari 1478
shanxi
Faustina_II_45~0.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, AD 154/155, Faustina II, Serapis seated, Kerberos 9 viewsFaustina II
Alexandria
Billon-Tetradrachm
Obv.: ΦAVCTINA CEBACTH, draped bust right
Rev.: L - IΘ = year 19 (AD 155/156 ), Draped figure of Serapis, seated on high backed throne to left, holding long sceptre in his left hand and extending his right to touch Kerberos
Billon, 11.48g, 22mm
Ref.: Dattari 3267, RPC IV.4, 14413 (temporary)
shanxi
Julia_Paula_1.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, AD 220/221, Julia Paula, Serapis 31 viewsJulia Paula
Tetradrachm, Egypt, Alexandria
Obv.: IOYΛIA ΠAYΛA CEB, bust right
Rev.: L - Δ, bust of Serapis right, year 4 (=220/221)
Billon, 12.85g, 23.3mm
Ref.: Kampmann/Ganschow 57.15, Geissen 2366
1 commentsshanxi
Trajanus_Decius_1.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, AD 249/251, Trajanus Decius, Serapis 14 viewsTrajan Decius (249-251)
Billon Tetradrachm Alexandria
Obv.: A K Γ M K TPAIANOC ΔEKIOC , Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev.: Serapis standing facing, head turned right, holding scepter, L-A=Year 1 (249/250)
Billon, 11.26g, 23mm
Ref.: Kampmann/Ganschow 79.18, G 2815
shanxi
Maximianus_04.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, AD 288/289, Maximianus, Alexandria, Serapis12 viewsMaximianus
Egypt, Alexandria
Billon Tetradrachm
Obv.: AKMA OVA MAΞIMIANOC CEB, Laureate bust right.
Rev.: L - Δ (year 4, 288/289) Alexandria standing facing, head left, holding bust of Serapis and sceptre.
Billon, 8.23g, 20mm
Ref.: Dattari 5933, Kampmann/Ganschow 120.33
shanxi
alexandria_ant_pius_Dattari2368cf.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, Antoninus Pius, Dattari 2368 cf.45 viewsAntoninus Pius, AD 138-161
AE - Billon-tetradrachm, 23mm, 13.9g
AD 143/144 (year 7)
obv. ANTWNINOC - CEB EVCEB
Head, laureate, r.
rev. Bearded Serapis, in himation and wearing kalathos, std. l. on throne, holding
sceptre in l. hand and holding r. hand over Kerberos, std. l. at his feet; on the
back of the throne a small Nike advancing r., holding wreath in raised hand.
in the field L - Z (year 7)
Köln 1443; Dattari cf.2368 (position of date); SNG Copenhagen cf.448f. (without Nike)
about VF
Jochen
alexandria_diocletian_Milne4915.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, Diocletian, Milne 491520 viewsDiocletian, AD 284-305
AE - Billon-Tetradrachm, 8.79g, 18.28mm, 0°
Alexandria, AD 288/9 (year 5)
obv. A K G OVAL DIOKLHTIANOC CEB
Bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate, r.
rev. Alexandria in long garment and mantle, wearing mural crown,stg. l., resting with raised l.
hand on sceptre and holding in extended r. hand bust of Serapis
in l. and r. field L - E (year 5)
ref. Milne 4915; Dattari 5624; Geissen 3243; Curtis 1956; SNG Copenhagen 994
F+, dark green patina

Interesting garment pattern on breast of the deity!
1 commentsJochen
Emmett-2529_24.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria: Commodus (177-192 CE) BI Tetradrachm (Köln 2212-3 var; Dattari (Savio) 9553; K&G 41.49; Emmett 2529.24)14 viewsObv: Laureate head right
Rev: Commodus, in priestly attire, standing left before bust of Serapis set on low cippus, sacrificing over lighted altar; K-∆ across field, L in exergue
Quant.Geek
coin32~0.JPG
Egypt, Alexandria; Hadrian 24 viewsEGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian. AD 117-138. BI Tetradrachm (25 mm, 13.66 g). Dated RY 10 (AD 125/6). Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / Serapis standing left, holding sceptre; Cerberus before; L DE-KATOV (date) around. Köln 914; Milne 1145; Emmett 891ecoli
00elagabalprov.jpg
ELAGABALUS15 viewsAE 27. Odessos,218-222 AD . Laureate head right. AVT K M AVPHLI ANTΩNEINOC. / Serapis with kalathos on head, standing facing, head left, holding patera over burning altar and cornucopiae. ODHCCEITΩN.
Moushmov 1620.
benito
00elagabalprov~0.jpg
ELAGABALUS20 viewsAE 27. Odessos,218-222 AD . Laureate head right. AVT K M AVPHLI ANTΩNEINOC. / Serapis with kalathos on head, standing facing, head left, holding patera over burning altar and cornucopiae. ODHCCEITΩN.
Moushmov 1620.

benito
ELAGABALUS_13.jpg
Elagabalus 5 Assaria Varbanov 1648 var, Serapis16 viewsOBVERSE: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ. Laureate and cuirassed bust of Elagabal right, facing draped bust of Julia Maesa left
REVERSE: YΠ IOYΛ ANT CEΛEYKOY MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN. Bust of Serapis right, wearing kalathos; E in right field
11.15g, 27mm

Struck at Marcianopolis, 218-222 AD
Legatus
110179.jpg
Elagabalus from Alexandria82 viewsEGYPT, Alexandria. Elagabalus. 218-222 AD. BI Tetradrachm (25mm, 10.94 gm). Dated RY 4 (220/221 AD). Laureate head right / LD, Serapis seated left holding sceptre, right hand extended over head of Kerberos. Köln 2335; Dattari 4141; Milne 2815; Emmett 2953.featherz
elgabalusprovincial.jpg
Elagabalus, Nikopolis ad Istrum21 viewsElagabalus
Nikopolis ad Istrum, Legate Rufus
Ae 27mm; 12.32g

AV KV M AVRH ANTWNEINOC
laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right

VP NOBIOV ROVFIOV NIKOPOLITWN PROC ICTRON
Serapis standing left, holding sceptre and raising right hand

Moushmov 1443
2 commentsRobin Ayers
Elagabalus_NikopolisAdIstrum_Serapis1.jpg
Elagabalus, Nikopolis ad Istrum, Serapis, AE2641 viewsAE26, 13.15g
GICV -
AMNG I/1, 1900 (Thanks, Jochen!)
areich
Elagabalus_NikopolisAdIstrum_Serapis.jpg
Elagabalus, Nikopolis ad Istrum, Serapis, AE2746 viewsAE27, 11.2g
GICV -
AMNG I/1, 1900 (Thanks, Jochen!)
1 commentsareich
AntoninusPius_Serapis_seated.jpg
Emmett 1663 - Antoninus Pius Drachm, Serapis seated left, Kerberos31 viewsEGYPT, Alexandria. Antoninus Pius. AD 138-161. Æ Drachm (31mm, 14,05g). Dated RY 2 (AD 138/9). Laureate bust right / Serapis seated left; to left, Kerberos.
Dattari 2916; G.3471; Emmett 1663.2 (R5) K-G 35.31
mattpat
1118c.jpg
emmett2952.24 viewsElagabalus
Alexandria, Egypt

Obv: A KAICAP MA AVP ANTWNINOC EV CEB, laureate head right.
Rev: L-B, bust of Serapis right.
22 mm, 12.60 gms

Emmett 2952.2
Charles M
829.jpg
emmett2952.34 viewsElagabalus
Alexandria, Egypt

Obv: A KAICAP MA AVP ANTWNINOC, laureate head right.
Rev: L-Γ, bust of Serapis right.
23 mm, 13.11 gms

Emmett 2952.3
Charles M
1519.jpg
emmett2952.3_26 viewsElagabalus
Alexandria, Egypt

Obv: A KAICAP MA AVP ANTWNINOC EV CEB, laureate head right.
Rev: L-Γ, bust of Serapis right.
23 mm, 11.84 gms

Emmett 2952.3
Charles M
1308.jpg
emmett2952.43 viewsElagabalus
Alexandria, Egypt

Obv: A KAICAP MA AVP ANTWNINOC, laureate head right.
Rev: L-Δ, bust of Serapis right.
22 mm, 11.76 gms

Emmett 2952.4
Charles M
264.jpg
emmett2953.44 viewsElagabalus
Alexandria, Egypt

Obv: A KAICAP MA AVP ANTWNINOC EV CEB, laureate head right.
Rev: L-Δ, Serapis seated left, holding sceptre in left hand, right hand extended over head of Kerberos seated at foot left.
24 mm, 13.04 gms

Emmett 2953.4
Charles M
Festival_of_Isis.jpg
Festival of Isis. Anonymous AE3162 viewsAnonymous Issue for the Festival of Isis, AE3, 4th Century, Rome. DEO SARAPIDI, Jugate, draped busts of Serapis right wearing modius and Isis wearing hem-hem crown / VOTA-PVBLICA, Isis riding hound.1 commentsancientone
g1rpci5350.jpg
Galba diobol, RPC I 535023 viewsAlexandria mint, Galba diobol, 68-69 A.D. AE, 23mm 11.63g, RPC I 5350
O: ΣEPOYIΓAΛBA AYTOK KAIΣΣEBA, laureate head right
R: AΛEΞANΔPEA, draped bust of Serapis right, dated LB (year 2)
casata137ec
ABM_gallienus_antioch_trp12.jpg
Gallienus, Antioch, reverse P M TR P XII COS V P P, Serapis standing right, head left, c.264 10 viewsGALLIENVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
P M TR P XII COS V P P, Serapis standing right, head left
RIC 600
Adrianus
027A.jpg
Geta AE30 Serdica53 viewsVarbanov 2568, Moushmov 488
Serdica, Thrace
17.13 g, 30 mm
AVT K P CEPTIMIOC GETAC, laureate head right
OVLPIAC CEPDIKHC, Serapis seated left, kalathos on head,
reaching out to pet three-headed dog Cerberus at foot left, & holding sceptre.
Extremely Rare!
(Many thanks to FORVM members Petrus Elmsley, slokind and wandigeaux for additional attributions!)
2 commentsMark Z2
Geta_Hades_Serapis.JPG
Geta Hades Serapis19 views3g, 16.24mm max.,
Geta / Hades-Serapis, Varbanov [Eng.] 3658.
OBV: L SEPT GETAS K
REV: ADRIANOPOLEITWN
Romanorvm
2013-11-16_november82013.jpg
Geta, Stobi48 viewsAe; 28mm; 8.71g

SEPTGETA-CAESPONT
Bare head, draped and cuirassed bust right

MVNICIPIVM-STOBENSIVM
Serapis standing facing, in long garment, calathos
on his head, right hand raised high, bent left arm holding
hems, serpent by his left hand

Josif V1, R Kuzmanovic 539 (new die pair V1 not previously known with Serapis reverse)
2 commentsRobin Ayers
00903-Gordian3.JPG
Gordian III19 viewsGordian III
28 mm 14.05 gm
O: Gordian III and Serapis facing
R: Athena standing left, resting on shield and spear.
Provincial of Marcianopolis
1 commentsKoffy
Gordi.jpg
Gordian III27 viewsAE 28 (13.15g)
obv. M ANT ΓΟΡΔΙΑΝΟC AVΓ
laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian left and draped bust of Serapis right, vis-à-vis.
rev.YΠ MHNOΦIΛOY MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN
Athena standing left, holding reversed spear and phiale; shield at her side
E in left field
struck under Tullius Menophilus
HG
GordianIII_Serapis_Odessos_Hygieia.jpg
Gordian III & Serapis Dionysopolis, Hygeia29 viewsGordian III Æ 25mm Pentassarion of Dionysopolis, 11.64 g
Obv: AVT K M ANTΩNIOC GORDIANOC AVG, confronted busts of Gordian & Serapis
Rev: DIONVCOΠOΛITΩN, Hygeia right, with serpent & patera; E (denomination) in field.
GICV -
areich
GordianIII_Serapis_Odessos_Eagle.jpg
Gordian III & Theos Megas, Odessos, Eagle24 viewsObv: AVT M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC, AVΓ below, facing busts of Gordian III and Theos Megas
Rev: ODHCCEITΩWN eagle facing, looking left, wreath in beak.
GICV -

$15
areich
g3andserORweb.jpg
Gordian III & Serapis AE28 of Markianopolis38 viewsGordian III & Serapis AE28 of Markianopolis. Magistrate Tullius Menophilus.
Obv: laureate draped bust right confronting bust of Serapis AVT K M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC AVΓ
Rev: Apollo standing right, nude, hand over head & holding bow, his mantle draped over low column to left, serpent climbing small tree to right, E in left field. VΠ MHNOΦIΛOV MAPKIANOΠOΛI-T-Ω-N
SNGCop 255. Markianopolis AE28 Moushmov 782


28mm 10.18 g
1 commentscasata137ec
freeeeeeeeeeeeeeee_159.JPG
Gordian III & Serapis AE28 of Markianopolis. Magistrate Tullius Menophilus.44 viewsMarkianopolis
Moushmov 782 Gordian III & Serapis AE28 of Markianopolis. Magistrate Tullius Menophilus. AVT K M ANT GORDIANOC AVG, laureate draped bust right confronting bust of Serapis / VP MHNOFILOV MAPKIANOPOLI-T-W-N, Apollo standing right, nude, hand over head & holding bow, his mantle draped over low column to left, serpent climbing small tree to right, E in left field. SNGCop 255. sold
Antonio Protti
1471_Gordian_III_Hadrianopolis.jpg
Gordian III - Hadrianopolis11 views238-244 AD
laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind
AVT K M ANT__ΓOPΔIANOC AVΓ
Serapis half left, modius on head, rising hand, holding scepter
AΔPIAN_O_ΠO_ΛEIT(ΩN)
Varbanov II 3842 - 3843
ex Aurea
Johny SYSEL
GORDIAN3-8.jpg
Gordian III AE Pentassarion (AE27) of Dionysopolis, Moesia Inferior61 viewsGordian III AE Pentassarion (AE27)
238-244 AD
27mm, 10.0g
Dionysopolis, Moesia Inferior
Obv: ANTONIOC GORDIANOC AVT K M
Laureate draped bust of Gordian facing bust of Serapis
Rev: DIONVCOPOLEITWN
Demeter standing left with corn ears and scepter, E to right
Moushmov-119
1 commentsricksta
coin309.jpg
Gordian III AE23 of Deultum, Thrace.13 viewsGordian III AE23 of Deultum, Thrace. Obv: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS AVG, laureate draped bust right Rev: COL F L PAC DEVLT, Zeus or Serapis standing left with upraised hand & scepter. Coin #309
cars100
gordodessus.jpg
Gordian III AE26 Pentassarion of Odessos31 viewsOBV: AVT M ANTGORDIANOC AVG; Confronted draped busts of Gordian, laureate, and Serapis with modius on head and cornucopia to right.
REV: ODECCEITWN ('of the Odessians'); Coiled serpent with raised head and E ('5') in field.
Moushmov 1663 (ref. Wildwinds and Moushmov on-line)

The obverse inscription is incomplete on the coin but was taken from a die match to a pentassarion in the Wildwinds database. Odessos minted a very large coinage in the time of Gordian with at least thirty known reverse types listed by Moushmov for the Gordian/Serapis Pentassarion. The coiled snake motif is great and seems to say "Don't tread on me!" though the serpent also had allusions to health in ancient times. Unfortunately the reverse was preserved at the expense of the obverse by fusing to another coin.This coin has been added to the Wildwinds database.
wt 11.7 gm
daverino
Gordian_III_6_opt.jpg
GORDIAN III AE26, Moushmov 2715, Serapis25 viewsOBV: AVT K M ANT GORDIANOC AVG, laureate, draped bust right
REV: ADRIANOPOLEITWN, Zeus-Serapis seated, holding patera and long spear; sometimes below - eagle.
8.38g, 25mm

Minted at Hadrianopoli, Thrace, 238-44 AD
Legatus
185FC0LG.jpg
Gordian III and Serapis ROMAN. Provincial, 238-244 AD, Æ Moesia Inferior, Marcianopolis36 views185FC0) ROMAN. Provincial. Gordian III, 238-244 AD, Æ from Moesia Inferior, Marcianopolis. Æ 29mm. 13.24 grms, Confronted busts of Gordian III and Serapis / Tyche standing slightly left, holding rudder and cornucopia; E to left. Varbanov 2019 var. (obv. Legend) aVF.Antonio Protti
1338.jpg
Gordian III and Serapis, Dionysopolis, Hygieia14 viewsGordian III and Serapis, Dionysopolis, Hygieia, AE 27, 12.35 g
Obverse: ANTONIOS GORDIANOS AVG; busts of Gordian III and Serapis facing each other. Reverse: DIONOSYPOLEITWN; Hygieia standing facing, head right, feeding snake from Patera, E in left field. ex areich
Podiceps
GordianIII_Serapis_Odessos_Nemesis.jpg
Gordian III and Theos Megas, Odessa, Nemesis32 viewsobv: confronted busts of Gordian III and Theos Megas
rev: Nemesis standing left
reverse double struck
GICV -

€13
areich
oldsarge_160.JPG
Gordian III Nicopolis Moesa Inferior 238 - 244 A.D Gordian & Serapis30 viewsGordian III Nicopolis Moesa Inferior 238 - 244 A.D Gordian & Serapis
Obverse / ANTO PIANOC AVT / Confronted busts of Gordian ( left ) & Serapis ( right )
Reverse / IONVCOEITO / Tyche standing left holding rudder and cornucopia
Bronze Choice very fine 12.3 grams, 26 mm 2660
Mouschmov 130
Antonio Protti
GI_087g_img.jpg
Gordian III, AE25, Markianpolis 12 viewsPentassarion / AE25
Obv:– M ANT GORDIANOC AVI, AVT K below, Confronted draped busts of Gordian & Serapis
Rev:– UP MHNOFILOU MARKIANOPOLITWN, Homonoia standing left holding patera & cornucopiae, Retrograde E to right
Minted in Markianpolis under Magistrate Menophilus.
Reference:– AMNG -. Varbanov 1994 var. (volume I, pg 190) but this legend is slightly different with just ANT instead of the full ANTWNIOC. (legend C instead of E) Varbanov 1994 is also an AE27 and the reverse E is in the left field
maridvnvm
Gordianus_Tranqvillina_b.jpg
Gordianus III. and Tranquillina AE2511 viewsMarkianopolis, Moesia Inferior
Serapis on reverse
Tibsi
Katane_(Catania),_Sicily,_2nd_-_1st_Centuries_B_C_.jpg
GREEK, SICILY, Katane (Catania) mint. 2nd - 1st Centuries B.C.38 viewsSicily, Katane (Catania) mint. 2nd - 1st Centuries B.C. Bronze AE 16, .462g, 15.8mm, F, rough, dark patina. Obv: jugate busts of Serapis and Isis right. Rev: Apollo standing left, left elbow on column, olive branch in right, bow in left, quiver and omphalos at his feet left, KATANAIWN. Ref: Calciati III, p. 108, 22; SNG ANS 1277; SNG Cop 192. Very rareBard Gram Okland
Hadrian_Tet_1.jpg
Hadrian17 viewsHADRIAN
BI Tetradrachm of Alexandria. Year 16=133 AD.
Laureate, draped bust r. / LI-S, Serapis seated left reaching out to Cerberus to l.
Milne 3124 gVF
Sosius
hadtet4.jpg
Hadrian (117 - 138 A.D.)39 viewsEgypt, Alexandria
Billon Tetradrachm
O: AVT KAI TPAI AΔPIA CЄB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
R: Hades-Serapis seated left on ornate throne decorated with crowning Nikai, extending right hand over seated Cerberus, holding long scepter in left; L I–ς (Year 16) across field.
12.37g
24mm
Dattari (Savio) 1477; K&G 32.514; Emmett 892
3 commentsMat
Hadrian Alexandria.jpg
Hadrian - Alexandria - Serapis and Cerberus64 viewsAE26 Billon Tetradrachm, 13.55 g, 26 mm, 12 h, 125-126 AD

Obverse: AVT KAI TPAI AΔPIA CEB
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: L-ΔE-KATOV
Serapis standing facing right, left hand holding long sceptre; Cerberus before

Alexandria mint

Koln 914, Milne 1145, Emmett 891
2 commentsdrjbca
15972_21_173_1.jpg
Hadrian BI Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt. RY 18 = AD 133-134. 11 viewsAVT [KAIC] TRAIAN A?PIANOC [CEB], laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right /
Serapis seated left on throne, Cerberus at his feet; LI-H across fields.
Emmett 892. 12.55g, 24mm, 12h.


From the inventory of a North American dealer.
Ruslan K
Hadrian_Serapis_Tetradrachm.jpg
Hadrian Serapis Tetradrachm80 viewsHadrian, Billon tetradrachm, Alexandria Egypt, Regnal year 19, 134 - 135 AD, 24mm, 12.6g, Köln 1150; Milne 1445, Emmett 889, Geissen 1150; cf. Dattari 1465,
OBV: AVT KAIC TRAIAN AΔΡIANOC CEB, laureate head of Hadrian left
REV: L.ENN EAK·Δ, draped bust of Serapis right, wearing taenia, kalathos on head

SCARCE
2 commentsRomanorvm
Hadrian_SNG_767.JPG
Hadrian, 117 - 138 AD64 viewsObv: IMP TRA H(ADRIANO CAESAR AVG), laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Hadrian facing right, seen from behind.

Rev: COL I FL AV(G CAESAREN), diademed and draped bust of Serapis facing right, modius on his head.

Æ 24, Caesarea mint

11.7 grams, 22.8 mm, 0°

SNG ANS 767

Ex: FORVM
SPQR Coins
hadrian_tetra.jpg
Hadrian, Tetradrachm, Serapis & Cerberus, year 1220 viewsHADRIAN AR billon silver tetradrachm. 25mm, 12.9g. Alexandria, regnal year 12 (128-189 A.D.) AVT KAIC TPAIAN AΔ C CB, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right. Reverse: LΔWΔE KAI, Serapis seated left, holding scepter & reaching out to pet Cerberus at foot left. Apparently an unlisted variant, with an unusually shortened obverse legend. Ex IncitatusPodiceps
1257c.jpg
hhj8.26.06.013 viewsElagabalus
Nicopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC, radiate draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from front.
Rev: VΠ ΝΟΒΙΟV ΡΟVΦ ΟV ΝΙΚΟΠΟΛIΤΩΝ ΠΡOC ΙC → TPΩ. Serapis wearing kalanthos with crossed legs standing left holding scepter transversely in left arm and raising right hand in greeting.
27 mm, 11.56 gms

Hristova-Hoeft-Jekov 8.26.6.1
Charles M
1670.jpg
hhj8.26.06.048 viewsElagabalus
Nicopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNINOC, radiate draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from front.
Rev: VΠ ΝΟΒΙΟV ΡΟV-Φ-ΟV Ν-ΙΚΟΠΟΛIΤΩΝ ΠΡ, in left field, OC/ΙC, in right field, TP/ON. Serapis wearing kalanthos standing frontal, holding scepter transversely in left arm and raising right hand in greeting.
27 mm, 12.91 gms

Hristova-Hoeft-Jekov 8.26.6.4
Charles M
1690c.jpg
hhj8.26.06.066 viewsElagabalus
Nicopolis

Obv: AVK M AVPH ANTΩNINOC, radiate draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from rear.
Rev: VΠ ΝΟΒΙΟV ΡΟVΦΟV - ΝΙΚΟΠΟΛIΤΩΝ ΠΡOC I, in left field, CTP, in right field, ON. Serapis wearing kalanthos standing left, holding scepter transversely in left arm and raising right hand in greeting.
24 mm, 10.10 gms

Hristova-Hoeft-Jekov 8.26.6.6
Charles M
486.jpg
hhj8.26.06.0713 viewsElagabalus
Nicopolis

Obv: AVT K AVPH ANTΩNINO-C, laureate head right.
Rev: NIKOΠOΛITΩ-N ΠPOC ICTP[ON], bust of Serapis right draped and wearing kalathos.
16 mm, 2.47 gms

Hristova-Hoeft-Jekov 8.26.6.7
Charles M
1400c.jpg
hhj8.26.06.07_22 viewsElagabalus
Nicopolis

Obv: AVT K AVPH ANTΩNINO-C, laureate head right.
Rev: NIKOΠOΛITΩ-N ΠPOC ICTPON, bust of Serapis right draped and wearing kalathos.
17 mm, 3.43 gms

Hristova-Hoeft-Jekov 8.26.6.7
Charles M
441.jpg
hhj8.26.06.0813 viewsElagabalus
Nicopolis

Obv: AVT M AVPH ANTΩNINO[C], laureate draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: [NIKO]ΠOΛITΩ-N ΠPOC [ICTPON], bust of Serapis right draped and wearing kalathos.
17 mm, 2.71 gms

Hristova-Hoeft-Jekov 8.26.6.8
Charles M
881c.jpg
hj6.28.06.0110 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT. K. M. AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ. IOVΛ. ANT. CEΛEVKOV. MAPKIANOΠOΛIT →ΩN, Hades Serapis standing left holding corn ears and staff. E in right field
27mm 9.41 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.6.1
Charles M
1196c.jpg
hj6.28.06.01_28 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT. K. M. AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ. IOVΛ. ANT. CEΛEVKOV. MAPKIANOΠOΛIT →ΩN, Hades Serapis standing left holding corn ears and staff. E in right field
27mm 8.40 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.6.1
Charles M
892c.jpg
hj6.28.06.0210 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate draped cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ ANT CEΛEVKOV M(AP)KIANOΠOΛIT(ΩN), bust of Serapis right wearing kalanthos. E in left field.
27mm 9.22 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.6.2 (different ligate letters)
Charles M
1080.jpg
hj6.28.06.02_28 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: [AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC ]AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate draped cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ ANT CEΛEVKOV M(AP)KIANOΠOΛIT(ΩN), bust of Serapis right wearing kalanthos. E in left field.
23 mm 9.05 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.6.2 (different ligate letters)
Charles M
1278.jpg
hj6.28.06.02_32 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate draped cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ ANT CEΛEVKOV M(AP)KIANOΠOΛIT(ΩN), bust of Serapis right wearing kalanthos. E in left field.
26 mm 8.73 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.6.2 (different ligate letters)
Charles M
1476.jpg
hj6.28.06.02_42 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate draped cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ ANT CEΛEVKOV M(AP)KIANOΠOΛIT(ΩN), bust of Serapis right wearing kalanthos. E in left field.
28 mm 10.76 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.6.2 (different ligate letters)
Charles M
1181.jpg
hj6.28.06.036 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate draped cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ IOVΛ ANT CEΛEVKOV MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN, bust of Serapis right wearing kalanthos. E in right field.
28 mm 13.82 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.6.3
Charles M
105.jpg
hj6.28.06.0512 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC IOVΛIAMAICA AVΓ, laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ CEΛEVK(OV) MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩ →N, Serapis standing facing, head left, right hand raised, holding scepter in left hand. E in left field.
27 mm, 12.71 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.6.5
Charles M
1077.jpg
hj6.28.06.05_29 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: [AVT K M AVP ]ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIAMAICA A(VΓ), laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ CEΛEVK(OV) [MAPKIANOΠOΛ]ITΩN, Serapis standing facing, head left, right hand raised, holding scepter in left hand. E in left field.
23 mm, 8.45 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.6.5
Charles M
1326.jpg
hj6.28.06.05_33 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC IOVΛIAMAICA AVΓ, laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ CEΛEVK(OV) MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩ →N, Serapis standing facing, head left, right hand raised, holding scepter in left hand. E in left field.
29 mm, 8.66 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.6.5
Charles M
Caracalla-Antoninian-TRP_XVIII-Serapis-RIC262e.jpg
II-CARACALLA -a- 012 Antoninian RIC IV/I/262e31 viewsAv) ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM
Radiated, draped and cuirassed bust,partly seen from in front

Rv) PM TRP XVIII COS IIII PP
Serapis, wearing kalathos on his head standing left, holding long sceptre and raising hand

Weight: 4,1g; Ø:25mm; Reference: RIC IV/I/262e; ROME mint, struck: 215 A.D.
sulcipius
rhodes_k~0.jpg
ISLANDS off CARIA, Rhodes.3 viewsÆ19, 3.7g, 6h; c. AD 100-150.
Obv.: Radiate and draped bust of Helios right; star below chin.
Rev.: POΔIΩN; Draped bust of Serapis right, wearing kalathos.
Reference: SNG Keckman 783–4; RPC III 2190 / 17-299-40
John Anthony
JulDomStobi2.JPG
Julia Domna, AE 24 Diassaria60 viewsIVLIA AVGVSTA
Bust draped, right
MVNICI STOBEN
Serapis standing left, wearing polos, raising right arm and holding a snake.
Josifovski Addition 3, not illustrated.
The reverse type (same die) is known from one specimen of Caracalla, AMNG 13 pl. XXI.31 (courtesy of Curtis Clay).
Two more examples of the Caracalla specimen (same dies), Josifovski 292 - 293, are in the National Bank of the Republic of Macedonia.
Kuzmanovic Collection 468
whitetd49
JulDomStobi21.JPG
Julia Domna, AE25 Diassaria39 viewsIVLIA AVGVSTA
Bust draped, right
STOBENSIVM MVNI[?]
Serapis standing, face left, wearing calatos, arm lifted in gesture to left, holding a snake to right
Unknown reverse die. This is the third die of this type.
whitetd49
merged~0.jpg
Licinius I Silvered SOL INVICTO HEAD OF SERAPIS30 viewsObverse: IMP C LIC LICINNIVS P F AVG, laureate head right.

Reverse: SOLI IN-VICTO, Sol standing left, raising right hand and holding head of Serapis in left; H-Star in fields: ANT in exergue.

RIC VI: 167 Scarce. Size: 19,9MM 3,6g. Numismatic Notes: A scarce type!
Flamur H
l1ricvi167aOR.jpg
Licinius I, RIC VI 167a Antioch22 viewsAntioch mint, Licinius I, 312 A.D. AE, 20mm 4.43g, RIC VI 167a Antioch
O: IMP C LIC LICINNIVS P F AVG, laureate head right
R: SOLI IN-VICTO, Sol standing left in long robe, right hand raised, left hand holding head of Serapis, H left, star right, ANT in ex.
1 commentscasata137ec
thyat_serap_isis.jpg
LYDIA, THYATEIRA16 views2nd Century AD
Semi-autonomous
AE 19.5 mm; 3.47 g
O: Draped bust of Serapis right, kalathos on head; countermark of right-facing head at left
R: QUATEI-RHNWN, Isis standing left, holding sistrum and sceptre.
Thyateira mint; BMC 53, SNG Leypold 1268
laney
Lydia_Tripolis_Serapis_Isis_AE17_3_24g_1.jpg
Lydia, Tripolis, Serapis / Isis, AE1730 views3rd century AD
17mm, 2.24g
obv: bearded and draped bust of Serapis right, wearing modius
rev: TPIΠOΛEITΩN; Isis facing, head left, wearing kalathos and crescent, sistrum in raised right, situla in left hand
BMC 369, 33; SNG von Aulock 3312; SNG München 798

A sistrum is a (percussive) hand instrument, a situla a bucket-shaped vessel.
areich
septstobi.jpg
Macedonia, Stobi. Septimius Severus AE27 Serapis facing54 viewsObv. SEVERVS - PIVS AVG. Septimius Severus bust right.
Rev. [MV]NICIPIVM - STOBEN[SI] - VM or similar. Serapis standing, facing, right arm raised. Left arm holding snake and hems of his garment.

Rare type, not in Cohen.
ancientone
thessalonika_elagabal_AMNG53.jpg
Macedonia, Thessalonica, Elagabal, AMNG 5373 viewsElagabal AD 218-222
AE 22, 6.08g
obv. AV KM AUR ANT - WNINOC EV[C]
bust, laureate, r.
rev. QECCALO - NIKEWN
Kabeiros in short chiton stg. l., holding rhyton in r. hand and hammer in raised l.
hand. At both sides short column with elephant tusk on it.
AMNG III, 53 (1 ex., London)
very rare, VF

The 'horn-shaped symbol' - often attached to the Thessalian Kabeiri - has no special connection to the cult of this deity - as suggested so long - but is an elephant tusk which we find as dedicated gift to Serapis, Isis, Astarte and Atergatis too (Gaebler, AMNG).
2 commentsJochen
Gordian_III_V_4477.JPG
Marcus Antonius Gordianus III, 238 - 244 AD20 viewsObv: AYT KM ANTΩNIOC ΓOPΔIANOC, facing busts of Gordian III and Serapis, Gordian laureate and draped facing right; Serapis draped, wearing a cornucopia on his shoulder and a kalathos (tall headdress symbolizing prosperity) facing left.

Rev: OΔHCCEITΩN, Demeter standing left holding corn ears and a long torch, E in field.

Æ 26, Odessus, Moesia Inferior mint

11.6 grams, 28 mm, 180°

Varbanov I 4477
SPQR Coins
Elagabalus___J_Maesa_V_1648.JPG
Marcus Aurelius Antoninus "Elagabalus," 218 - 222 AD17 viewsObv: AVT KM AVΓ ANTΩNEINOC AVГ IOYΛIA MAICA AVГ, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus right, facing draped bust of Julia Maesa left.

Rev: VΠ IOYA AVT CEΛEVKOV MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN, draped bust of Serapis, wearing a modius on his head, facing right; E in field behind head.

Legate: Julius Antonius Seleucus

Æ 26, Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior mint

11 grams, 26.4 mm, 0°

Varbanov I 1648
SPQR Coins
aurelius_cm_k.jpg
Marcus Aurelius, AD 161-18023 viewsÆ27, 12.6g, 12h; Samaria, Caesarea Maritima.
Obv.: AVRELIO CAES ANTON AVG P F; Bareheaded, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev.: COL PRIMA FL AVG CAESAREA; Draped bust of Serapis right, wearing calathus.
Reference: RPC IV online 6317; SNG Copenhagen 7; BMC 79-82.
1 commentsJohn Anthony
coin21~0.JPG
Markianopolis, Moesia Inferior; Gordian III & Serapis 21 viewsGordian III & Serapis
Tyche

Varbanov 1942
ecoli
Markianopolis_1.PNG
Markianopolis. Septimius Severus5 viewsMarkianopolis. Septimius Severus AE29

Obverse: AY KA CEPTI CEVHPOC P, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right

Reverse: VI FAVCTINIANOV MARKIANOPOLITWN, Serapis enthroned left, holding staff, Kerberos at his feet.
Macedonian Warrior
mhalextetOR.jpg
Maximianus Herculius Tetradrachm, Emmet 4093(4)38 viewsAlexandria mint, Maximianus Herculius Tetradrachm, 289-290 A.D. (Year 4) Potin, 20mm 5.73g, Emmet 4093(4)
O: A K M OVA MAΞIMIANOC CEB, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right
R: L-Δ, Alexandria standing left, wearing radiate crown and holding head of Serapis & scepter
casata137ec
maximian_tetra_4807.jpg
Maximianus, Serapis10 viewsMaximianus, 285 - 310 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt. Billon tetradrachm, cf. Milne 4807 (or similar, date off flan), F, Alexandria mint, 6.910g, 18.4mm, 0o, obverse “Α Κ Μ ΟΥΑ ΜΑΞΙΜΙΑΝΟ”C C“ΕΒ”, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse, Alexandria standing half left, turreted, holding head of Serapis and scepter, L - A? (year 1?) across fields. Ex FORVMPodiceps
Trajan_Decius_Alexandia.jpg
Maximinus I - Alexandria4 viewsBI tetradrachm
March - 28 Aug 235 AD
laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind
AVTO MAΞIMINOC EVC CEB
Serapis seated on throne left, modius on head, holding long scepter; Kerberos at his feet left; Nike on the back of the throne presenting wreath, holding palm
L A
Ganschow 65.5, Emmett 3298, Geissen 2550, Dattari (Savio) 4596
12,8g
ex Rauch
Johny SYSEL
maximinusI.jpg
MAXIMINUS II22 viewsÆ Follis. Nicomedia,4th officina. 312 AD. 5.15 gm, 7h. Laureate head right. IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG. / Sol standing left, raising hand, holding head of Serapis in left ; SOLI INVICTO , * delta in left field , SMN in exergue. RIC VI 77b.
CNG 156885.
benito
00maximinusII.jpg
MAXIMINUS II24 viewsÆ Follis. Nicomedia,4th officina. 312 AD. 5.15 gm, 7h. Laureate head right. IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG. / Sol standing left, raising hand, holding head of Serapis in left ; SOLI INVICTO , * delta in left field , SMN in exergue. RIC VI 77b.
benito
Maximinus R-10.jpg
Maximinus II "Daza" 305-313 CE, Alexandria mint, Æ 18-20mm, 4.80 gr., Follis13 viewsMaximinus II "Daza" 305-313 CE, Alexandria mint, Æ 18-20mm, 4.80 gr., Follis

Obverse: IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, laureate head right

Reverse: GENIO AVGVSTI, over N over /Γ, ALE in ex. - Genius standing left, holding head of Serapis in right hand and in left a cornucopia.

Reference: RIC 160b,D.
Daniel Friedman
89-Maximinus II-8.JPG
Maximinus II -8-S32 viewsSilvered AE Follis, 309-313 AD , Nicomedia mint.
Obv: IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS PF AVG. Laureate head right.
Rev: SOLI INVICTO , Sol stading left holding the head of Serapis.
SMN in exergue.
22mm, 3.5gm
jdholds
roman23.jpg
Maximinus II AE Follis19 views311-313 AD. Nicomedia mint.
Obv.: IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG - Laureate head right.
Rev.: SOLI INVICTO - Sol standing left in long robe, with raised right hand & holding up head of Serapis in left. SMN in ex., */A in l. field.
RIC 77b
Minos
660_Maximinus_II_Alexandria.jpg
Maximinus II Daia - AE follis6 viewsAlexandria
312-313 AD
laureate head right
IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG
Genius standing left, holding head od Serapis and cornucopia
GENIO_AVGVSTI
star between heads / N left / branch at feet / Δ right
ALE
RIC VI Alexandria 160b
4,37g
Johny SYSEL
Maximinus_II_7.jpg
MAXIMINUS II DAIA AE Follis RIC VI 149b. Genius22 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS PF AVG, laureate head right
REVERSE: GENI-O-AVGVSTI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked except for chlamys over left shoulder, holding head of Serapis and cornucopiae. X-A across fields; ALE in ex.
4.83g, 21mm

Struck at Alexandria 312 AD
Ex Spink
Legatus
0610-320b.jpg
Maximinus II Daia, follis16 viewsMaximinus II Daia (308-313), follis, Alexandria mint, AD 312-313.
IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, laureate head right.
GENIO AVGVSTI, Genius standing left holding head of Serapis left in right hand, cornucopia in left; star, N and palm-branch in left field, gamma in right, ALE in exergue.
5.10 gr - 21 mm.
Ref : RIC VI Alexandria 160b
From the zumbly collection, Ex CNG
1 commentsPotator II
Msssimino_unita.jpg
Maximinus II Daia, follis (Boyd collection)29 viewsMaximinus II Daia augusto (209-313 d.C.), follis, zecca di Antiochia, 312 d.C.
AE, 21 mm , 5.1 gr, 360° , nVF
D/ IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS PF AVG; testa laureata a dx
R/ GENIO AVGVSTI; Genius stante a sinistra regge la testa di Serapis a dx e cornucopia a six
RIC164b, Sear 3664v
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (14 marzo 2009, numero catalogo 16), ex Joseph Mastrario collection (Imperator coins), Byron GA, Usa (2009), ex Baldwin's auction 42 2005 (parte del lotto 688), ex W,C. Boyd collection, London Uk (gennaio 1890), ex rev. dr. Simpson collection, London Uk (1889).
paolo
maximinusII_alexandria_160b.jpg
Maximinus II Daia, RIC VI, Alexandria 160b33 viewsMaximinus II Daia, AD 309-313
AE - Follis
Alexandria, 1st officina, AD 312/3
obv. IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS PF AVG
Head, laureate, r.
rev. GENIO - AVGVSTI
Genius, nude, except chlamys over l. shoulder, wearing modius, stg. facing,
head l., holding cornucopiae in l. arm and in outstretched r. hand head of
Serapis with modius
in l. field one upon the other star / N / palmbranch
in r. field A
in ex. ALE
RIC VI, Alexandria 160b
VF, nice sandpatina
1 commentsJochen
maximinusII_cyzicus_92.jpg
Maximinus II Daia, RIC VI, Cyzicus 92 11 viewsMaximinus II Daia, AD 309-313
AE - Follis, 5.00g, 22.22mm
Cyzicus, 4th officina, AD 311-312
obv. IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS PF AVG
Head, laureate, r.
rev. SOLE IN - VICTO
Sol, in long garment, radiate and with waving chlamys, stg. half left, raising r. hand and holding bearded
head of Serapis in extended l. hand.
in l. field Delta
in ex. MKV
ref. RIC VI, Cyzicus 92; C. 156
Scarce, nice EF
Pedigree:
ex Scott coll.
From Forum Ancient Coins, thanks!
Jochen
max com~1.JPG
maximinus II RIC VI Alexandria 160b38 viewsFolles
AE 19- 23 mm 4.6 grams 312-313 AD
OBV :: IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS PF AVG. Laureate head right
REV :: GENIO-AVGVSTI . Genius standing left,naked with modius on head . Chlamys draped over left shoulder. Holding head of Serapis In right hand the and a cornucopia in left. Star over N over palm branch angled \ in left field, S in right
EX :: ALE (Alexandria)
RIC VI Alexandria 160b
RIC rated C
Purchased 04/2008
Johnny
Maximinus_II_RIC_160.JPG
Maximinus II, RIC 16010 viewsIMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS PF AVG
GENO AVGVSTI
AE Follis, 20mm, 4.99g
Laureled head left
Genius facing left holding head of Serapis and cornucopia, NH to sides
ALE in ex.
Alexandria mint
novacystis
7840_7841.jpg
Menainon, Sicily, Pentonkion, MENAINΩΝ7 viewsAE Pentonkion
Menainon, Sicily
200 - 150BC
17.0mm 3.10gr 0h
O: NO LEGEND; Laureate and draped bust of Zeus Serapis, right; dotted border.
R: MENA-INΩΝ; Nike driving galloping biga, right.
Exergue: Π, below biga.
SNG Cop 379; SNG ANS IV 292; Gabrici 145; SNG Munchen V, 614; Lindgren 477; BMC Sicily p. 98, 10-12; SNG Evelpidis 525; Calciati III, p. 183, 2.
Savoca Auctions 10th Blue Auction, Lot 64
9/29/18 12/5/18
Nicholas Z
gordianIII_dionysopolis_pick392.jpg
Moesia inferior, Dionysopolis, Gordian III & Serapis, Jekov 16.262 viewsGordian III, AD 238-244
AE 25, 11.23g
obv. M ANTW GORDIAN[OC AYG]
confronted busts of Gordian III, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, r. and Serapis, draped and wearing kalathos, l.
in ex. AYT K
rev. DION - Y - C - OPOL / EITWN
tetrastyle temple with trigonal pediment, decorated with globe, on both
corners of the crenulated roof floral elements(?) as acroteria. In the central
intercolumnium statue of Dionysos, nude, stg.l., with thyrsos, r. hand
stretched out to panther, which jumped up to him.
in r. field E (for Pentassarion)
AMNG I/1, 392; Jekov no.16.2; Varbanov (engl.) 582 (correct pic, but cites in error AMNG 393)
rare, about VF
added to www.wildwinds.com
Jochen
istros_sept_severus_AMNG493(rev).jpg
Moesia inferior, Istros, Septimius Severus, AMNG 493 (rev)65 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 28
obv. A KL CEPT. - CEVHROC P
Head, laureate, r.
rev. ICTRIH - NWN
Bearded horseman with kalathos and chlamys over shoulder trotting on horse
r.; horse has raised l. forefoot, behind standing a staff with pointed lower end
and bird std. r. on top.
ref. a) not in AMNG:
rev. AMNG I/1, 493
obv. AMNG I/1, 495 (obv.)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 614 var (slightly different obv.-legend: AV KL...)
Very rare, VF, dark-green patina, light roughness

The horseman is not Serapis but seems to be the Thracian Rider-god Heros. Serapis riding on a horse is not possible! The bird should be an eagle or sea-eagle like on the city's coat of arms. To call the rider Mitras - as Varbanov has done - is nonsense although there are some similarities with the riding Mithras from Trapezunt. But Mithras never wears a kalathos but always a Phrygian bonnet.
1 commentsJochen
4295AF1F-7381-41E5-B01C-A6E762307A86.jpeg
MOESIA INFERIOR, Marcianopolis. Gordian III14 viewsMOESIA INFERIOR, Marcianopolis. Gordian III. AD 238-244. Æ Pentassarion (27mm, 11.13 g, 12h). Menophilus, consular legate. Laureate and draped bust of Gordian III right, vis-à-vis draped bust of Serapis left, wearing calathus / Demeter standing left, holding grain ears and torch. H&J 6.37.5.3; Varbanov 1977ecoli
markianopolis_sept_severus_AMNG561.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 14. Septimius Severus, HrJ (2014) 6.14.06.04 (plate coin)17 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 26, 9.76g, 26.26mm, 195°
struck under governor Iulius Faustinianus
obv. AV L CEPTI - CEVHROC
Bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. V I FAVCTINIANO - V - MARKIANOPO - LITWN
Hades/Serapis, in himation and wearing kalathos, enthroned l., resting with raised l.
hand on sceptre and holding extended r. hand over three-headed Kerberos, std. l., and
looking up to him.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 561
b) Varbanov (engl.) 793
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No. 6.14.6.4 (plate coin)
d) not in Pfeiffer
VF, nice dark-green patina
Jochen
markianopolis_caracalla_AMNG619(rev).jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 18. Caracalla, HrJ (2013) 6.18.38.0712 viewsCaracalla, AD 198-217
AE 26, 11.35g, 26.46mm, 195°
struck under governor Julius Faustinianus
obv. AV KM AVR - ANTWNINOC
Bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. V I FAVCTINIANOV - MARKIANOPOLI / [TWN?]
Tyche in long garment and mantle, wearing kalathos, stg. l., holding cornucopiae in l.
arm and rudder in r. hand
ref. a) not in AMNG:
rev. AMNG I/1, 619
obv. AMNG I/1, 610 (for Hades/Serapis)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 452? (has rudder on globe)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No. 6.18.38.7
F+/about VF, dirty green patina
Jochen
markianopolis_caracalla_domna_AMNG689.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 19. Caracalla & Julia Domna, HrJ (2013) 6.19.46.1228 viewsCaracalla & Julia Domna, AD 198-217
AE 26, 12.20g, 25.98mm, 30°
struck under governor Quintilianus
obv. ANTWNINOC AVGOVCTOC IOVLIA DOMNA
Confronting head of Caracalla, laureate, r., and bust of Julia Domna, draped, l.
rev. VP KV - NTIL - ANOV MARKIA
in ex. in 2 lines NOPOLTW / N
Front of tetrastyle temple; in middle intercolumnare Serapis with kalathos stg. l. with sceptre and
raised r. hand; pediment with small circle (shield?)
in l. temple field E (for pentassarion)
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 689 var. (mentioned by Pick as variant)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1050 var. (AMNG 689 not mentioned)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No.6.19.46.12
F/F+

Interesting legend error with two missing I in rev. legend: KVNTILANOV and MARKIANOPOLTWN!
Jochen
markianopolis_caracalla_geta_AMNG649.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 20. Caracalla & Geta, HrJ (2013) 6.20.06.0349 viewsCaracalla & Geta, AD 209-211
AE 27, 10.39g, 27.39mm, 180°
struck under governor Flavius Ulpianus
obv. AV KM AV ANTWNINOC AV KP C[E?]
below GETAC
Confronted busts of Caracalla, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r., and Geta,
draped and cuirassed, laureate, l.
rev. V FL OVLPIANOV - MARKIANOPOLITWN
bust of Serapis, draped and with necklaces, wearing kalathos, r.
in l. field E (for pentassarion)
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 649 var. (without break in rev. legend
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1079 (Varbanov doesn't care about legend breaks!)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No.6.20.6.3
VF/about EF

Rev. is identical to AMNG I/1, 595 (Septimius Severus & Domna)
Jochen
markianopolis_elagabal_maesa_HrJ6_28_1_3var(rev).jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 28. Elagabal & Julia Maesa, HrJ (2013) 6.28.01.05 (plate coin)16 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 28, 10.59g, 27.52mm, 0°
struck under governor Julius Antonius Seleucus
obv. AVT KM AVRH ANTWNEINOC IOVLIA MAICA AVG
Head of Elagabal, laureate, r., and bust of Ioulia Maesa, draped and wearing stephane, l.
rev. VP.IOVL.ANT.CEL - EV - KOV MARKIANOP
in ex. OLITWN (smaller letters)
Zeus, bearded, in himation,stg. l., holding patera in extended r. hand and resting with raised l. hand on
sceptre
in lower r. field E
ref. a) not in AMNG:
rev. AMNG I/1, 936 var. (different legend distribution)
obv. f.e. AMNG I/1, 939 (Hades-Serapis)
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No. 6.28.1.5 (plate coin)
rare, about VF, dark green patina
pedigree:
ex J.P.Righetti inventory #9983
Jochen
markianopolis_elagabal_maesa_Serapis_unknown.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 28. Elagabal & Julia Maesa, HrJ (2013) 6.28.06.01 (plate coin)15 viewsElagabal & Julia Maesa, AD 218-222
AE 28, 14.65g, 28.46mm, 165°
struck under Julius Antonius Seleucus
obv. AVT KM AVR ANTWNEINOC AVG IOVLIA MAICA AVG . (NE ligate)
Confronting busts of Elagabal, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r., and Julia
Maesa, draped and wearing stephane, l.
rev. VP IOVL ANTO CELEVK - OV MARKIANOPOLIT / WN (1st OV ligate)
Hades/Serapis in himation and with kalathos stg.l., holding wreath (or taenia) in r. hand and
resting with raised l. hand on sceptre.
in r. field E
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No. 6.28.6.1 (plate coin)
extremely rare (R9), F+, dark green patina

The iconographical meaning of the wreath (or taenia) is not known.
Jochen
markianopolis_gordianIII_Serapis_AMNG1156cf(rev).jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 37. Gordian III & Serapis, HrJ (2014) 6.37.35.11 (plate coin)43 viewsGordian III, AD 238-244
AE 28, 13.50g, 27.62mm, 225°
struck under governor Tullius Menophilus
obv. AVT KM ANT GORDIANOC
below AVG
Confronted busts of Gordian III, draped and cuirassed(?), r., and Serapis,
draped, wearing kalathos, l.
rev. VP MHNOFILOV - MARKIANOPO / LITWN (WN ligate)
Aequitas/Nemesis, in long girded double chiton, wearing kalathos, stg. l., holding in l. arm
measuring-rod (or punishing instrument?) and puff of garment and in r. hand scales; wheel at feet l.
in r. field E (for pentassarion)
ref. a) not in AMNG:
rev. AMNG I/1, 1154 (depiction)
legend not listed
obv. AMNG I/1, 1149 (for Asklepios)
b) cf. Varbanov (eng.) 2001 (cites AMNG 1154)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2014) No. 6.37.35.11 corr. (plate coin, AVT K missed)
very rare, VF, black-green patina

Nemesis here is wearing a kalathos!
Jochen
markianopolis_gordianIII_serapis_AMNG1139.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 37. Gordian III & Serapis, HrJ (2014) 6.37.04.-, AMNG 113918 viewsGordian III & Serapis, AD 238-244
AE 27, 13.48g, 27.16mm, 180°
struck under governor Tullius Menophilus
obv. AVT KM.ANT.GORDIANOC / AVG
Confronting busts of Gordian III, draped and cuirassd, laureate, r., and Serapis, draped and wearing
kalathos, l.
rev. VP MHNOFILOV M - ARKIANOPOLI
in r. field one below the other T / W / N
in l. field E (for pentassarion)
Athena in long garment and mantle, helmeted, stg. l., resting with raised l. hand on inverted spear and
holding in extended r. hand owl.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1139, pl. XV, 22 (3 ex., Imhoof, Löbbecke, Paris)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1963
c) not in Hristova/Jekov (2014)
d) Pfeiffer (2013) 678, 10
about VF, dark green Patina
Jochen
markianopolis_gordianIII_serapis_demeter_unbekannt.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 37. Gordian III & Serapis, HrJ (2014) 6.37.05.05 (plate coin)15 viewsGordian III & Serapis, AD 238-244
AE 26, 10.24g, 26.36mm, 0°
struck under governor Tullius Menophilus
obv. ANTWNIOC GO[RDIANOC A]VG (VG ligate?)
beneath AVT K.M.
Confronting busts of Giordanus III, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r., and Serapis,
draped and wearing kalathos, l.
rev. VP M[HNO]FILOV - M - ARKIANOPOL
in r. field one below the other I / T / W / [N]
Demeter, in long girded double chiton and mantle hanging over her shoulders, veiled,
stg. l., holding grain-ears in extended r. hand and resting with raised l. hand on long
torch.
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2014) No. 6.37.5.5 (plate coin)
d) not in Pfeiffer
extremely rare, F+, stripped
Jochen
markianopolis_gordianIII_serapis_HrJ6_37_5_5var.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 37. Gordian III & Serapis, HrJ (2014) 6.37.05.09 (plate coin)19 viewsGordian III & Serapis, AD 238-244
AE 27, 13.15g, 27.47mm, 210°
struck under governor Tullius Menophilus
obv. M ANT GORDIANVS AVG
below AVT K
confronted busts of Gordian III, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r., and Serapis,
draped and wearing kalathos, l.
rev. VP MHNOFILOV MARKIANO / POLIT
in lower r. field one below the other W / N
Demeter, in long garment and mantle, with stephane (and veil?), std. l. on basket,
holding grain-ears in r. hand and resting with raised l. hand on long torch
in upper l. field E
ref. a) not in AMNG:
rev. AMNG I/1, 1129 (depiction)
AMNG I/1, 1127 (legend)
obv. AMNG I/1, 1129
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1977
c) Hristova/Jekov (2014) No. 6.37.5.9 (plate coin)
F+, dark green patina

A nice detail: Demeter is std. on a basket.
Jochen
markianopolis_gordianIII_serapisHrJ(2011)6_37_35_6var.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 37. Gordian III & Serapis, HrJ (2014) 6.37.35.06 (plate coin)15 viewsGordian III & Serapis, 238-244
AE 27, 12.93g, 26.68mm, 0°
struck under governor Tullius Menophilus
obv. M ANT GORDIANOC
below AVG
Confronted busts of Gordian III, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r., and Serapis draped
and wearing kalathos, l.
rev. VP MHNOFILOV MARKIANOPOL (MH ligate)
Nemesis-Aequitas stg. frontal, head l., holding in l. arm goad and in extended r. hand
scale; at her feet l. the wheel
in upper r. field E
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2014) No. 6.37.35.6 (plate coin)
d) not in Pfeifer
rare, about VF, glossy black-green patina

May be the die cutter has forgotten the ex.!
1 commentsJochen
markianopolis_gordianIII_serapis_AMNG1154var(rev).jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 37. Gordian III & Serapis, HrJ (2014) 6.37.35.08 (plate coin)24 viewsGordian III & Serapis, AD 238-244
AE 29, 13.26mm, 28.97mm, 30°
struck under governor Tullius Menophilus
obv. M ANT GORDIANOC AVG
below AVT K
confronting busts of Gordian III, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r. and Serapis, draped and wearing kalathos, l.
rev. VP MHNOFILOV M - ARKIANOPOLIT / WN
Nemesis/Aequitas stg. l., holding rod in l. arm and scales in r. hand; at her
feet l. the wheel
in r. field E
ref. a) not in AMNG
rev. AMNG I/1, 1154 var. (different legend break and W / N in r. field)
obv. AMNG I/1, 1126 (for Serapis)
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2014) No. 6.37.35.8 (plate coin)
rare, F+
Jochen
markianopolis_gordianIII_serapis_Moushmov815.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 37. Gordian III & Serapis, HrJ (2014) 6.37.38.04 (plate coin)48 viewsGordian III, AD 238-244
AE 28, 12.76g, 27.94mm, 45°
struck under governor Tullius Menophilus
obv. M ANT GORDIANOC
below AVG
confronted busts of Gordian III, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r., and Serapis, draped and wearing kalathos, l.
rev. VP MHNOFILOV - MARKIANOPOL / ITWN
Tyche, in long garment and mantle, wearing kalathos, stg. l., holding cornucopiae in l. arm and holding in r. hand rudder, set on
globe.
in r. field E (for Pentassarion)
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1162 var. (has no globe under rudder)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2021 (cites AMNG 1161!)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2014) No. 6.37.38.4 (plate coin)
about EF, light roughness on obv., excellent portrait of Serapis
Jochen
markianopolis_gordianIII_tranquillina_AMNG1191.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 38. Gordian III & Tranquillina, HrJ (2014) 6.38.46.0175 viewsGordian III & Tranquillina, AD 241-244
AE 28, 15.29g, 28.03mm, 225°
struck under governor Tertullianus
obv. AVT KM ANT GORDIANOC AVG CEB
below in 2 lines TRANKVL / LEINA (AUG ligate)
Confronted busts of Gordian III, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind,
laureate, r., and Tranquillina, draped and wearing stephane, l.
rev. VP TERTVLLIA - NOV MARKIANO / POLEIT
in r. field WN (ligate)
Tetrastyle temple, globe in pediment, in the central intercolumnarium Serapis, with kalathos, stg. facing,
raising r. hand and holding sceptre in l. hand.
in l. field E (for Pentassarion)
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1191 (1 ex., Löbbecke)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2054
c) Hristova/Jekov (2014) No. 6.38.46.1
very rare (R6), about VF, green patina, double-strike on obv.
Jochen
markianopolis_philipI_otacilia_sev_AMNG1209(rv_).jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 41. Philip I & Otacilia Severa, HrJ (2014) 6.41.10.01 (plate coin)37 viewsPhilip I & Otacilia Severa, AD 244-249
AE 28, 12.28g, 27.76mm, 210°
struck under governor Prastina Messallinus
obv. [AVT M IOVL FI]LIPPOC AVG M WTAK
below CEB[HRAC]
Confronted busts of Philip I, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate, r., and
Otacilia Severa, draped and diademed, l.
rev. VP PRACT MECCALLEINOV MARKIANOPOLEITWN
Hermes, nude, stg. crooked l., looking facing, r. foot set on ram's head, l. arm with chlamys
resting on r. knee; between his feet turtle on ground, behind him tree stump with caduceus before
in r. field E (for pentassarion)
ref. a) not in AMNG:
rev. AMNG I/1, 1209 (for Philip II)
obv. AMNG I/1, 1206
b) not in Varbanov (engl.), #2107 cites AMNG 1209
c) not in Hristova/Jekov (2014) No. 6.41.10.1 (plate coin)
vary rare, good F, overall roughness

This type is known for Philip II with confronted bust of Serapis but was not known for Philip I yet.

The rev. shows the statue of the Sandal Binder of Lysipp. Sometimes called 'Jason' or 'Cincinnatus' in error. The correct interpretation as Hermes comes from a description in the Ekphrasis of Christodoros of Koptos.
Jochen
markianopolis_philippII_serapis_Varbanov2094cf.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 44. Philip II & Serapis, HrJ (2014) 6.44.03.01 (plate coin)30 viewsPhilip II & Serapis, AD 244-247
AE 28, 13.07g, 27.95g, 210°
obv. .M IO[VLI]OC FILIPPOC.
below .KAICAR.
Confronted busts of Philip II, draped and cuirassed, bare-headed, r., and Serapis, draped and wearing kalathos, l.
rev. MARKIANOP - OLEITWN.
Hera, in high-girded double chiton and mantle over both arms, holding sceptre in raised l. hand and patera in extended
r. hand.
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2094 cf.
Cites Moushmov 866, pl.XI, 21, but that coin has the rev. legend with name of the editing governor.
c) Hristova/Jekov (2014) 6.44.3.1 (plate coin)
rare, about VF

Hera is wearing a beautiful garment.
Jochen
markianopolis_philippII_serapis_AMNG1209.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 44. Philip II & Serapis, HrJ (2014) 6.44.10.03 #142 viewsPhilip II, Caesar AD 244-247
AE 29, 13.1g, 28.62mm, 30°
struck under governor Prastina Messallinus
obv. M IOVLIOC FILIPPOC KAI
below CAR AVG
Confronted busts of Philip II, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, bare-headed, r., and Serapis, draped and wearing
kalathos, l.
rev. VP PRACT MECCALLEINOV MARKIANOPOLEITWN (WN ligate)
Hermes, nude, stg. crooked l., looking facing, r. foot set on ram's head, l. arm with chlamys resting on r. knee; between his feet
turtle on ground, behind him tree stump with caduceus before
in r. field E (for pentassarion)
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1209, pl.XVI, 25, rev. same die (2 ex., Philippopel, Sophia)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2107
c) Hristova/Jekov (2014) No. 6.44.10.3
rare, about VF, slightly rough

About the use of AVG in the younger Philip compare Mommsen 'Römisches Staatsrecht 2, 1164, note 5. (Pick)

The rev. shows the statue of the Sandal Binder of Lysipp. Sometimes called 'Jason' or 'Cincinnatus' in error. The correct interpretation as Hermes comes from a description in the Ekphrasis of Christodoros of Koptos.
Jochen
markianopolis_philippII_serapis_AMNG1209_#2.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 44. Philip II & Serapis, HrJ (2014) 6.44.10.03 #250 viewsPhilip II, Caesar AD 244-247
AE 27, 13.94g, 26.96mm, 30°
struck under governor Prastina Messalinus
obv. M I[OVLIOC] FILIPPOC KAI / CAR AVG
Confronted busts of Philip II, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, bare-headed, r., and Serapis, draped and wearing
kalathos, l.
rev. VP PRACT MECCALLEI[NOV MARK]IANOPOLEITWN (WN ligate)
Hermes, nude, stg. crooked l., looking facing, r. foot set on ram's head, l. arm with chlamys resting on r. knee; between his feet
turtle on ground, behind him tree stump with kerykeion before
in r. field E (for pentassarion)
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1209, pl.XVI, 25, rev. same die (2 ex., Philippopel, Sophia Tacchella revue num. 1893, 73, 23)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2107
c) Hristova/Jekov (2014) No. 6.44.10.3
rare, about VF, slightly rough
Pedigree:
ex coll J.P.Righetti, No.10008

About the use of AVG in the younger Philip compare Mommsen 'Römisches Staatsrecht 2, 1164, note 5. (Pick)

The rev. shows the statue of the Sandal Binder of Lysipp. Sometimes called 'Jason' or 'Cincinnatus' in error. The correct interpretation as Hermes based on the description in the Ekphrasis of Christodoros of Koptos.
2 commentsJochen
markianopolis_philippII_serapis_AMNG1211.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 44. Philip II & Serapis, HrJ (2014) 6.44.35.0124 viewsPhilip II, AD 244-246
AE 27, 13.50g, 26.96mm, 225°
obv. M IOVLIOC FILIPPOC
below KAICAR
confronted busts of Philip II, draped and cuirassed, r., and Serapis, with
kalathos, draped, l.
rev. MAR - KIAN - OPOLEITWN
Nemesis, draped, stg. l., holding rod and slings, wheel at feet
in l. field E (for pentassarion)
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1211 (1 ex., Schmidt)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2099
c) Hristova/Jekov (2014) No.6.44.35.1
rare, about VF, nice green patina
Jochen
markianopolis_philippII_serapis_Tyche_neu.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 44. Philip II & Serapis, HrJ (2014) 6.44.38.01 (plate coin)15 viewsPhilip II & Serapis, AD 244 - 247
AE 27, 12.59g, 27.08mm, 210°
struck under governor Prastina Messallinus
obv. M IOVLIOC FILIPPOC KAI / C[AR] AVG
Confronting busts of Philip II, draped and cuirassed, bare-headed, r., and Serapis, draped and wearing
kalathos, l.
rev. VP PRACT MECCALL - EIN - OV MARKIANOPO (PR ligate)
in r. field one below the other L / I / T / WN (WN ligate)
Tyche, in long garment and mantle, stg. frontal, head l., holding cornucopiae in l. arm and in r. hand rudder
in upper l. field E
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2014) No. 6.44.38.1 (plate coin)
d) not in Pfeiffer
very rare, VF, dark-green patina

The A of CAR looks like a star, the R is clogged.
Jochen
Gordianus_III_13.jpg
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis, Gordianus III, Serapis, City Gate 13 viewsGordianus III
Moesia Inferior, Marcianopolis
Obv.: Μ ΑΝΤ ΓΟΡΔΙΑΝΟC ΑVΓ, Confronted draped busts of Gordian III and Serapis
Rev.: ΥΠ MHNΟΦΙΛΟΥ ΜΑΡΚΙΑΝΟΠΟΛΙΤΩΝ, City gate with two towers, E =denomination mark
AE, 14.29g, 27.3mm
Moushmov 792, Hristova & Jekov 6.37.46.4.
Ex Helios Numismatik
shanxi
nikopolis_sept_severus_HrHJ(2017)8_14_6_3var(rev).jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 14. Septimius Severus, HrHJ (2018) 8.14.01.21 corr. (plate coin)6 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 19, 3.07g, 19.32mm, 30°
obv. AV KAI. - CEVHROC
Laureate head r.
rev. NIKOPOLI - [T?] PROC IC / TRON
Serapis, in himation, wearing kalathos, enthroned l., resting with raised l. hand on long
sceptre and holding in extended r. hand patera(?)
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov
c) Hristova-Hoeft-Jekov (2018) 8.14.01.21 corr. (this coin, in error listed under Zeus)
about VF, dark green Patina

The patera in the r. hand of Serapis is not visible. May be that he only is extending his r. hand without patera.
Jochen
nikopolis_sept_severus_HrHJ(2013)8_14_6_neu.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 14. Septimius Severus, HrHJ (2018) 8.14.06.06 (plate coin)12 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 17, 3.32g, 16.83mm, 20°
obv. AV KAI - CEVHR
Bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. NIKOPO - [LI] PROC I
Bust of Serapis, draped and wearing kalathos, r.
ref. a) not in AMNG:
cf. AMNG I/1, 1349 (for the type only)
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.14.6.6 (plate coin)
rare, F/F+, glossy black-green patina
Jochen
nikopolis_sept_severus_HrJ(2011)8_14_6_5(rev)~0.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 14. Septimius Severus, HrHJ (2018) 8.14.06.11 (plate coin)62 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 17, 2.46g, 16.92mm, 210°
obv. AV.K.L. - CEVHROC
laureate head r.
rev. NIKOPOLIT - PROC ICTR
Serapis, draped and diademed, wearing kalathos, r.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1349 (3 ex., 2x Berlin, Sofia)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2404?
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.14.6.11 (plate coin)
VF, dark green patina
1 commentsJochen
nikopolis_sept_severus_HrJ(2011)8_14_6_9(rev).jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 14. Septimius Severus, HrHJ (2018) 8.14.06.12 (plate coin)20 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 17, 1.75g, 16.58mm, 224°
obv. AV.K.L. - CEVHROC
laureate head r.
rev. NIKOPOLIT - PROC ICTR
Bust of Serapis, draped and laureate, wearing kalathos, r
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1349 var. (has AV KL C)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2404 var. (= AMNG 1349)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.14.6.12 (plate coin)
F+, dark green patina, partially damaged
Jochen
nikopolis_sept_severus_HrHJ(2015)8_14_6_12var.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 14. Septimius Severus, HrHJ (2018) 8.14.06.13 (plate coin)10 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 17, 3.74g, 17.08mm, 180°
obv. AV K L CE - CEVHROC
laureate head r.
rev. NIKOPOLIT - PROC ICTR
Bust of Serapis, draped, wearing kalathos, r.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1349 var. (has AV K L C)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2404 var. (= AMNG 1349)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.14.6.13 (plate coin)
about VF, dark green patina
Jochen
nikopolis_sept_severus_HrHJ(2013)8_14_52_2(rev).jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 14. Septimius Severus, HrHJ (2018) 8.14.06.14 (plate coin)9 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 17, 3.09g, 17.31mm, 30°
obv. AV KAI CEP - CEVHROC
Bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. NIKOPOLIT POC(sic!) ICTR
Bust of Serapis, draped and wearing kalathos r.
ref. a) AMNG I/1 1350 var. (rev. like AMNG 1349, ex. #2, Berlin under Caracalla, inexactly)
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.14.6.14 (plate coin)
scarce, VF, dark green patina
Jochen
nikopolis_sept_severus_HrHJ(2015)8_14_6_15corr.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 14. Septimius Severus, HrHJ (2018) 8.14.06.15 #1 (plate coin)13 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 17, 2.43g, 16.88mm, 180°
obv. AV K L C - CEVHROC
Bust, cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. NIKOP. - PROC I
Bust of Serapis, draped, wearing kalathos, r.
ref. a) not in AMNG:
cf. AMNG I/1, 1349 (for the type only)
b) not in Varbanov (engl.):
cf. #2231 (for the type only)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.14.6.15 #1 (this coin)
about VF, black green patina
Jochen
nikopolis_sept_severus_HrJ(2012)8_14_6_13+.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 14. Septimius Severus, HrHJ (2018) 8.14.06.15 #2 (plate coin)383 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 15, 2.14g, 15.47mm, 180°
obv. AV KAI C - CEVHROC
Bust, cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. NIKOPO(?) - PROC I
Bust of Serapis, draped and diademed, wearing kalathos, r.
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.14.6.15 (plate coin)
F+, brown patina, narow flan

Remarkable portrait of Severus!
Jochen
nikopolis_sept_severus_AMNG1350.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 14. Septimius Severus, HrHJ (2018) 8.14.06.15 #3 36 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 18, 2.04g, 17.86mm, 180°
obv. [AV K L] - CEVHROC
Bust, cuirassed with chain mail, laureate, r.
rev. [NIK]OP - PROC I
Head of Serapis, draped and diademed, wearing kalathos, r.
ref. a) not in AMNG:
obv. AMNG I/1, 1350
rev. AMNG I/1, 1350 (depiction)
rev. legend not listed
b) cf. Varbanov (engl.) 2407 (cites AMNG 1350)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.14.6.15
F+, glossy green patina

It's sort of sadness in the face of Serapis!
Jochen
nikopolis_sept_severus_HrJ(2011)8_14_27_1var(rev).jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 14. Septimius Severus, HrHJ (2018) 8.14.27.01 (plate coin)13 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 16, 2.06g, 15.68mm, 210°
obv. AV K L - CEVHROC
laureate head r.
rev. NIKOPOLITWN PROC I
Bust of Helios, radiate, r., whip over l. shoulder
ref. a) not in AMNG:
rev. AMNG I/1, 1358 var. (whip not mentioned)
obv. e.g. AMNG I/1, 1348 (Serapis)
b) not in Varbanov (engl.):
cf. #2470 (= AMNG 1358)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No.8.14.27.1 (plate coin)
scarce, F+, dark green patina

The rev. is known from Caracalla 8.18.27.1 too!
Jochen
nikopolis_caracalla_HrHJ(2015)8_18_6_1corr.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 18. Caracalla, HrHJ (2018) 8.18.06.01 (plate coin)6 viewsCaracalla, AD 198-217
AE 28, 14.47g, 28.24mm, 0°
struck under governor Aurelius Gallus
obv. AV.K.M.AVR - ANTWNIN
Laureate head r., slightly draped on l. shoulder
rev. VPA AVR.GALLOV N - I - KOPOLEITWN / PROC ICTRO
Hades-Serapis, in himation, wearing kalathos, enthroned l., resting with raised l. hand on
sceptre and holding extended r. hand over three-headed Kerberos
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) Varbanov (engl.) 3092
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.18.6.1 (this coin)
scarce, about VF, nearly black patina

Same rev. like Septimius Severus No. 8.14.6.2. Another example of a parallel issue for members of the imperial family.
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nikopolis_caracalla_HrJ8_18_6_4var(rev).jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 18. Caracalla, HrHJ (2018) 8.18.06.05 (plate coin)22 viewsCaracalla as Caesar, AD 196-197
AE 18, 3.61g, 18.35mm, 225°
obv. MAR AV KA - [ANTWNI]
Bare head r.
rev. NIKOPOLIT PROC ICTR
Bust of Serapis, draped and wearing kalathos, r.
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.18.6.5 (plate coin)
about VF, dark-green patina
From Forum Ancient Coins, thanks!
Jochen
nikopolis_caracalla_AMNG1589.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 18. Caracalla, HrHJ (2018) 8.18.06.06 (plate coin)56 viewsCaracalla, AD 198-217
AE 17, 3.08g, 16.38mm, 210°
obv. [AV] KM A - ANTWNIN
Bust, draped and cuirassed with scale armor, laureate, r
rev. NIKOPOL - PROC [IC]
Bust of Serapis, draped and wearing kalathos, r.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1589 (only 1 ex., London, under Elagabal!)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2918 var. (different obv. legend, doesn't mention AMNG!)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.18.6.6 (plate coin)
rare, about VF, nice green patina, struck on irregular flan

I have never seen such a small coin with scale armor!
1 commentsJochen
nikopolis_geta_AMNG1650var(rev).jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 22. Geta, HrHJ (2018) 8.22.06.03 (plate coin)18 viewsGeta as Caesar, AD 198-209
AE 17, 2.07g, 17.41mm, 105°
obv. [L AVR K?] - GETAC
Bare head r.
rev. NIKOPOL - PROC ICT
Bust of Serapis, draped and wearing kalathos, r.; kalathos decorated with star-like
pattern
ref. a) not in AMNG:
rev. AMNG I/1, 1650 var. (has NIKOPO - PROC IC)
obv. f.e. AMNG I/1, 1640 (for Hermes)
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
cf. #3209 (cites AMNG 1650, but writes 'bareheaded bust r.')
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) 8.22.6.3 (plate coin)
F+/about VF, black green patina, struck a bit excentrically

Sadly the first part of the obv. legend is not readable. But all types with bare head r. have L AVR K. Therefore I too have voted for this legend. The other option would be L CEP K, but then the we would have the problem with the different bust type.
Jochen
nikopolis_geta_HrJJ8_22_9_5.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 22. Geta, HrHJ (2018) 8.22.09.0519 viewsGeta, AD 209-212
AE 28, 13.43g, 27.66mm, 195°
struck under governor Flavius Ulpianus
obv. [AVT] KP CE - [P] GETAC [AV]
Bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate, r.
rev. V FL OVLPIAN - N - IKOPOLIT / PROC I
Nike, wingted, in double chiton, advancing l., holding in l. arm palmbranch and in extended r. hand
unknown object
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1669, pl. XVI, no.12 (4 ex., Bukarest, Sofia, Turin, Wien)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 3298 (same dies)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.22.9.5 (same dies)
F/F+, dark green patina

Pick, p. 341: "The attribute is suggested to be an open wreath. But that is barely possible. Some similar is found on medallions of Perinthos where Serapis is holding two of these objects on a ribbon over an altar (Ex.: Gotha; Mus. Hunter; London cat. 153, 39; Mailand; Paris Mionnet 1, 400, 302; Wien); for this type, seen on a coin of the Bithynian city of Kios too, a plausible explanation is found neither."
Take a look at the discussion on FAC under the title "So what IS she holding?"!

Jochen
nikopolis_macrinus_HrJ8_23_6_1.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 23. Macrinus, HrHJ (2018) 8.23.06.0143 viewsMacrinus, AD 217-218
AE 25, 10.94g, 25.28mm, 210°
struck under governor Statius Longinus
obv. AVT KM OPELLI CEV - [MAKREINOC]
Bust, cuirassed with scale armour, laureate, r.
rev. VP CTA LONGINOV [NI - K]OPOLITWN PROC I
Serapis, in himation, stg, frontal, head l., holding in l. arm curved sceptre and raising r. hand in greeting
attitude.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1727 (1 ex., Wien)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 3444
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.23.6.1
about VF/F+
1 commentsJochen
nikopolis_elagabal_AMNG1999(Vs).jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 26. Elagabal, HrHJ (2018) 8.26.06.01 (plate coin)69 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 27, 11.70g, 26.58mm, 180!
struck under governor Novius Rufus
obv. AVT K M AVR - ANTWNEINOC
bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from front, radiate, r.
rev. VP NOBIOV ROVF - OV - NIKOPOLITW PROC IC / TRW (left bottom)
Serapis, with kalathos and in long clothes, with drapery over l. shoulder, stg. l. with crossed legs, holding in l. arm long transversal sceptre and fold of drapery and has raised r. hand for greeting.
ref. a) not in AMNG:
rev. AMNG I/1, 1901 (depiction, legend not listed
obv. AMNG I/1, 1903
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.26.6.1 (plate coin)
rare, F+/about VF, black-green patina

This type has the only Serapis stg. with crossed legs like Apollo!
1 commentsJochen
nikopolis_elagabal_HrHJ(2012)8_26_6_2.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 26. Elagabal, HrHJ (2018) 8.26.06.02 (plate coin)10 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 26, 10.52g, 26.31mm, 345°
struck under governor Novius Rufus
obv. [AV]T M AVR - ANTWNINOC
Bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate, r.
rev. VP NOBIOV ROVF - OV - NIKOPO[LITWN PROC IC]
in lower l. field TRW
Serapis in himation with crossed legs stg. l., holding sceptre in l. arm and raising r. hand in greeting
attitude
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.26.6.2 (plate coin)
very rare, F, green patina, patina damage on obv., r. lower rev. worn
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nikopolis_elagabal_HrHJ(2015)8_26_6_3(rev).jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 26. Elagabal, HrHJ (2018) 8.26.06.04 (plate coin)6 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 28, 12.87g, 27.86mm, 0°
struck under governor Novius Rufus
obv. AVT M AVR - ANTWNINOC
Bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from front, radiate, r.
rev. VPA NOB ROV - F - OV N - IKOPOLITWN PR
in l. field one below the other OC / IC
in r. field one below the other TR / ON
Serapis in himation and wearing kalathos, stg. frontal, holding in l. arm long sceptre and
raising r. hand in greeting attitude
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1900 (like #1, St. Petersburg)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 4061
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.26.6.4 (this coin)
about VF, black patina, flan crack at 1 o'clock
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nikopolis_elagabal_HrHJ(2013)8_26_6_7corr.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 26. Elagabal, HrHJ (2018) 8.26.06.07 (plate coin)16 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 16, 2.59g, 16.23mm, 195°
obv. AVT K AVRH - ANTWNINO - C
Laureate head r.
rev. NIKOPOLITW - N PROC ICTRON
Bust of Serapis, draped, wearing kalathos, r.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 2018 (2 ex., Gotha, Wien)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 3825 (bds. stempelgleich)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.26.6.7 (plate coin)
F+
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nikopolis_elagabal_AMNG2018(rev).jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 26. Elagabal, HrHJ (2018) 8.26.06.09 (plate coin)34 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 16, 3.43g, 16.06mm, 15°
obv. AVT M AVR[H] - ANTWNINOC
Bust, draped and laureate, r.
rev. NIKOPOLITW - N PROC ICTRON
Bust of Serapis, with taenia and wearing kalathos, r.
ref. a) not in AMNG:
rev. AMNG I/1, 2018
obv. AVT M AVR[H] together with this bust not listed!
b) not in Varbanov (engl.):
#3826 has only head laureate too!
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.26.6.9 (plate coin)
about VF/F+, dark green patina

The first time I have recognized that Serapis wears a taenia too!
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nikopolis_elagabal_HrHJ(2012)8_26_46_13.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 26. Elagabal, HrHJ (2018) 8.26.46.14 (plate coin)11 viewsElagabal, 218-222
AE 25, 10.37g, 25.39mm, 175°
struck under governor Novius Rufus
obv. AVT K M AVR - ANTWNEINOC
laureate head r.
rev. VP NOBIOV ROV - FOV NIKOPOLITWN / PROC IC. (PR ligate)
Tetrastyle temple with base and triangular pediment with globe (shield?), acroteria decorated with floral
elements; in central intercolumnare male figur in himation, stg. frontal, head l., resting with raised l.
hand on sceptre and holding in extended r. hand patera(?)
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1983 (1 ex., Berlin)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 4070
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.26.46.14 (plate coin)
rare, F+/about VF, black-brown patina, slightly rough

Pick writes: "(figure) with kalathos" and suggests Serapis. But I can't see a kalathos and think it is probably Zeus.
Jochen
nikopolis_elagabal_HrJ8_26_46_14.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 26. Elagabal, HrHJ (2018) 8.26.46.1542 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 26, 12.70g, 25.83mm, 80°
struck under governor Novius Rufus
obv. [AVT] K M AVR - ANTWN[EINOC]
laureate head r.
rev. V[P NOB]IOV ROVFOV NIKOLITWN(sic!) PROC I / CTRON
Temple with two columns frontal and four columns at left side where the bricks of the cella are visible
behind; between the frontal column a male fiigure in himation stg.l., resting with raised l. hand on
sceptre; in pediment shield(?); trees in the background.
ref.: a) AMNG I/1, 1982, pl. III, 26 (3 ex., Bukarest, Löbbecke, London)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 4070 corr. (writes AVRH but pic shows AVR)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.26.46.15
rare, F/F+, dark green patina, some roughnesss

Pick: The depiction can show Zeus or more probably Serapis. The l. hand resting on the sceptre speaks for the first interpretation; the position of the r. hand is unclear. But Serapis occurs on a coin of Caracalla (n. 1529) in a similar attitude, and furthermore I think I can see a small kalathos on the head of the figure. Here a somewhat more precise depiction of the sanctuary as usual is intended shown by the trees whose crowns are overtopping the roof.
If it is Zeus who is depicted than it could be Zeus Keraunios, for whom a votiv inscription was found in Nikopolis.
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nikopolis_gordianIII_AMNG2043var(rev)_doublestruck~0.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 36. Gordian III, HrHJ (2018) 8.36.06.0413 viewsGordian III, AD 238-244
AE 30, 12.54g, 30.17mm, 0°
struck under governor Sabinius Modestus
obv. AVT.K.M.ANT - GORDIANOC.AVG.
Bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, radiate, r.
rev. VP CAB MODECT - OV - NIKOPOLITWN PROC IC (WN and PR ligate)
in r. field one below the other T / R / O / N
Serapis, bearded, in himation and with kalathos, stg. facing, head l., holding in l. arm
puff of garment and tranversal sceptre, r. hand raised in greeting attitude
rev. a) not in AMNG:
rev. AMNG I/1, 2043 (as #1 Löbbecke)
obv. AMNG I/1, 2045
b) Varbanov (engl.) 4226
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.36.6.4 (same dies)
F+, stripped, strong double strike on obv.
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nikopolis_caracalla_tooled.JPG
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, Caracalla, HrHJ (2013) 8.18.1.- (heavily tooled)14 viewsMoesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, Caracalla, AD 198-217
AE 26, 9.62g, 25.72mm, 225°
struck under governor Aurelius Gallus
obv. AV K M AVR - ANTWNINOC
Bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate, r.
rev. VP AV GALLOV - NIKOPOLITWN / PROC ICT
Zeus, in Himation, enthroned l., resting with raised l. hand on sceptre and putting his r. hand
on his r. knee
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) not in Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2013):
rev. not listed
obv. No. 8.18.1.22 (same die)

Whereas the obv. is tooled (hair, eye), the rev. seems to be a totally new phantasy depiction. It is difficult to say wether it shows Zeus or Serapis. The gap between GALLOV and NIKOPOLITWN has enough space for a former kalathos of Serapis but faint letters are seen too. Horrible

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nikopolis_gordianIII_AMNG2043var(rev)_doublestruck.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, Gordian III, AMNG 2043 rev. (obv. doublestruck) 52 viewsGordian III, AD 238-244
AE 29, 12.54g
obv. AVT.K.M.ANT - GORDIANOC.AVG.
Bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate, r.
rev. VP CAB MODECT - OV - NIKOPOLITWN PROC IC (WN and PR ligate)
in r. field one below the other T/R/O/N
Serapis, bearded, in himation and with kalathos, stg. facing, head l., holding in l. arm puff of garment and tranversal sceptre, r. hand raised in greetings attitude
rev. AMNG I/1, 2043 (as #1 Löbbecke); obv. AMNG 2045; Varbanov (engl.) 4226
F+ to about VF, orichalcum surface, strong double struck of obv.
5 commentsJochen
Elagabalus_2.jpg
Moesia Inferior, Nikopolis, Elagabal, Temple15 viewsElagabalus
Moesia Inferior, Nikopolis
Obv.: ΑVΤ Κ Μ ΑΥΡ ΑΝΤΩΝΕΙΝΟC, Laureate, draped bust right
Rev.: ΥΠ ΝΟΒΙΟΥ ΡΟΥΦΟΥ ΝΙΚΟΠΟΛΙΤΩΝ
ΠΡΟCΙC
TP ON
Tetrastyle temple, statue of Zeus or Serapis
AE, 13.82g, 26.7mm
Ref.: Hristova / Jekov No. 8.26.46.13
Ex Den of Antiquity
shanxi
Gordianus_III_7.jpg
Moesia Inferior, Odessos, Gordianus III, Athena, Darzalas21 viewsGordianus III
Moesia Inferior, Odessos
Æ Pentassarion
Obv.: AYT K M ANTΩNIOC ΓΟΡΔΙΑΝΟC AYΓ, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian left and draped bust of Darzalas wearing kalathos and holding cornucopiae right, vis-à-vis.
Rev: OΔΗCCEITΩN, Athena standing right, holding spear and resting on shield, E in field to left
AE, 13.2g, 27.6mm
Ref.: Varbanov 4469
Ex Münzhandlung Ritter
shanxi
tomis_gordianIII_tranquill_AMNG3516.jpg
Moesia inferior, Tomis, Gordian III & Tranquillina, AMNG 351623 viewsGordian III, AD 238-244
AE 27, 10.2g
obv. AVT KM ANTWNIOC GORDIANOC / CABINIA TRAN / KVLINA
Confronted busts of Gordian III, draped and laureate, r, and Tranquillina, draped
and diademed, l.
rev. MHTRO PO - N - TO - V TOMEWC
Serapis, wearing chiton and himation, with kalathos, stg. frontal, head l., scepter
in l. arm and raising r. hand
in l. field Delta with appendix (for 4 and 1/2 assaria)
AMNG I/2, 3516 (2 ex., Berlin, Gotha); Varbanov (engl.) 5715
rare, F+
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tomis_philippII_AMNG3619.jpg
Moesia inferior, Tomis, Philip II & Serapis AMNG 361949 viewsPhilipp II AD 244-246
AE 27, 11.91g
obv. [M I]OVLFILIPPOC KAI / CAR AVG
confronted busts of Philipp II and Serapis
rev. MHTROPONT - OV TOMEWC (WC ligated)
Homonoia, in himation and long chiton, wearing kalathos, std. frontal, head l.,
holding Patera in extended r. hand and Cornucopiae with crab(?) in r. arm
Regling, AMNG I, 2, p.913, no.3619 (attr. by Pat Lawrence)
rare, F+/about VF

One of the latest provincial coins of Tomis.
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tomis_philippII_serapis_AMNG3596.jpg
Moesia inferior, Tomis, Philip II & Serapis, AMNG 3596 #134 viewsPhilipp II, Caesar AD 244-247
AE 27, 13.08g
obv. M IOVLIOC FILIPPOC / KAICAR
Confronted busts of Philipp II, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r., and Serapis,
wearing himation and kalathos, l.
rev. MHTRO PON - TOV TOMEWC
Dionysos, nude, standing frontal, head r., holding r. arm over his head, holding
in his l. hand wine-grapes, resting with l. ellbow on column entwined by a snake.
AMNG I/2, 3596; Moushmov 2324
rare, VF, olive-green patina

Sometimes wrongly described as Apollo, but the wine-grape is evidence clearly for Dionysos.
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tomis_philippII_serapis_AMNG3596_#2.jpg
Moesia inferior, Tomis, Philip II & Serapis, AMNG 3596 #268 viewsPhilipp II, Caesar, AD 244-247
AE 25, 13.3g
obv. M IOVLIOC FILIPPOC / KAICAR
Confronted busts of Philipp II, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r., and Serapis,
wearing himation and kalathos, l.
rev. MHTRO PON - TO[V] TOMEWC
Dionysos, nude, standing frontal, head r., holding r. arm over his head, holding
in his l. hand wine-grapes, resting with l. ellbow on column entwined by a snake.
AMNG I/2, 3596; Moushmov 2324
rare, about VF, brown patina
Pedigree:
ex Hans M. F. Schulmann, 6.-11.6.1969, lot 706
ex Thomas Ollive Mabbott coll. , pt. I
ex Garth R. Drewry coll.
ex CNG Electronic Auction 159, lot 133

Dionysos in the attitude of Apollo Lykeios!
2 commentsJochen
tomis_philippII_serapis_AMNG3610.jpg
Moesia inferior, Tomis, Philip II & Serapis, AMNG 361038 viewsPhilipp II Caesar AD 244-246
AE 29, 13.2g
obv. M IOVL FILIPPOC KAI / CAR AVG
confronted busts of Philipp II, draped and cuirassed, r., and Serapis, draped
and with kalathos, l.
rev. MHTROPONT - OV TOMEWC (EW ligate)
Concodia, in chiton and himation, with kalathos, stg. l., holding patera and
cornucopiae
AMNG I/2, 3610

Exceptional high reliefs of the portraits!
rare, about VZ/about VF
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tomis_philippII_serapis_AMNG3591.jpg
Moesia inferior, Tomis, Philipp II & Serapis AMNG 359129 viewsPhilipp II AD 247-249
AE 26, 13.84g
obv. M IOVLIOC FILIPPOC / KAICAR
Confronting busts of Philipp I, draped and cuirassed, bare-headed, r., and Serapis, draped and wearing kalathos, l.
rev. MHTROP PONT - O - V TOMEWC
Hera, in chiton and himation, stg. l., holding patera in outstretched r. hand and sceptre in her l. hand
AMNG 3591 (1 ex. in Odessa)
rare, VF, circular traces of ancient flan smoothing, nice rev. depiction

On this coin Hera looks more like Aphrodite than the venerable Queen of Heaven. According to Pat Lawrence the reverse could depict a variant of the statue of the Hera Borghese. This statue too was discussed wether it shows Hera or Aphrodite.
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909CCC8E-B015-4676-BDBC-8AB20EC7FBE4.jpeg
MOESIA INFERIOR, Tomis. Philip II8 viewsMOESIA INFERIOR, Tomis. Philip II. As Caesar, AD 244-247. Æ Confronted busts of Philip right, bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed, and Serapis left, draped and wearing calathus / Hygeia standing right, feeding serpent from patera. AMNG I 3600.ecoli
138_large_5fa83f3c59ed37da41c7f44a378a0def.jpg
Moesia Inferior. Nicopolis. Elagabalus. Inferior. Nicopolis. Elagabalus.10 viewsMoesia Inferior. Nicopolis. Elagabalus. 11.6gm, AMNG 1982,HrHJ (2018) 8.26.46.15. Cult statue (Serapis) within temple seen in perspective, shield in pediment, trees in background.2 commentsAncient Aussie
AMNG_I_I_1209_247-249_Philippus_II.jpg
Moesia Inferior_Markianopolis_Philippus_II_AMNG I/I 12094 viewsPhilippus II. and Serapis
AE, Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis
Struck under Prastina Messalinus: 244-247 / 25-26,5 mm / 11,41 g

Av: Μ ΙΟΥΛΙΟC ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟC ΚΑΙ / CΑΡ ΑΥΓ
Cuirassed and draped bust of Philippus II. right, facing draped bust of Serapis left, wearing kalathos

Rv: ΥΠ ΠΡΑCΤ ΜECCΑΛΛΕΙΝΟΥ ΜΑΡΚΙΑΝΟΠΟΛΕΙΤΩΝ
Nude Hermes, standing crooked left, looking facing, right foot set on ram's head, left arm with chlamys
resting on right knee, between his feet turtle on ground, behind him tree stump with caduceus before

In right field: E

Reference: AMNG I/I 1209
Andicz
markphilota.jpg
Moesia, Markianopolis, Philip I and Otacilia Severa14 viewsAE Pentassarion, 28mm, 13.5g
Obv.: AVT M IOVΛ ΦIΛIΠΠOC AVG M ΩTAK CEBHPAC C; confronting draped busts.
Rev.: VΠ ΠPACT MECCAΛΛEINOV MAPKIANOΠO/Λ/E/I/T/ΩN; Serapis standing, holding transverse scepter, hand raised, E to left.
Reference: Moushmov 852.
Notes: eBay, 29.
John Anthony
Caracalla_AE-17_MAP-AV-KA-ANT_NI_Bareheaded-bust-r__NIKO_O_IT-_POC-ICTP_Bust-of-Serapis-r_-wearing-Kalathos_Varbanov-2918-legend-var-R4_320-324-AD__Q-001_17mm_2,85g-s.jpg
Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, 051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), HrHJ (2012) 08.18.06.05, AE-17, NIKOΠOΛIT-ΠPOC-ICTP, Serapis right,96 viewsMoesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, 051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), HrHJ (2012) 08.18.06.05, AE-17, NIKOΠOΛIT-ΠPOC-ICTP, Serapis right,
avers:- MAP-AV-KA-ANTΩNI, Bareheaded-bust-r.
revers:- NIKOΠOΛIT-ΠPOC-ICTP, Bust of Serapis right wearing Kalathos.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 17mm, weight: 2,85g, axis: 8h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum,date: 196 (195?)-197.-AD, under Caracalla as Caesar, by Jochen ! Thank you Jochen:)
ref: Varbanov-2918, R4!! + legend var., HrHJ (2012) 8.18.6.5,
Q-001

#465 A correction
Caracalla as Caesar, AD 196-197, AE 17, 2.85g
obv. MAR AV KA - ANTWNI bare head r.
rev. NIKOPOLIT PROC ICTR bust of Serapis, draped and wearing kalathos
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2011) No. 8.18.6.4 corr. (writes in error ANTWNINO)
coll. quadrans, Forum Ancient Coins
by Jochen ,
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=60706.525
thank you Jochen
2 commentsquadrans
056_Elagabalus,_AE-16,_HrHJ_08_26_06_7var,_Laureate_bust_r_,_Serapis_bust_r_,,_218-22_AD,_Q-001,_6h,_15-16mm,_2,22g-s.jpg
Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, 056 Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), HrHJ (2019) 08.26.06.07.(same dies)., AE-16, NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPOC ICTPON, Bust of Serapis right, #160 viewsMoesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, 056 Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), HrHJ (2019) 08.26.06.07.(same dies)., AE-16, NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPOC ICTPON, Bust of Serapis right, #1
avers: AVT M AVPH ANTΩNINOC, Laureated, bust right.
reverse: NIKOΠOΛITΩ N ΠPOC ICTPON (Legend variation!), Bust of Serapis, draped wearing kalathos right.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 15,0-16,0mm, weight: 2,22g, axis: 6h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, date: 218-222 A.D.,
ref: HrHJ (2019) 08.26.06.07.(same dies).,
Q-001
quadrans
Myndos_drachm.jpg
Myndos, Caria Drachm62 viewsAR Drachm
Size: 17 mm Weight: 4.22 grams Die axis: 12h

Myndos, Caria
Mid 2nd century BCE

Obverse: Laureate head of Serapis right.

Reverse: Headress of Isis set on two grain ears, thunderbolt below. MYNΔIΩN to left, ΘEOΔΩΡOΣ to right.

Notes:
- Until recently the obverse was described as the head of Zeus, wearing the headdress of Osiris (off flan on this coin).
- It is scarce for the reverse to still retain details of the snake on the shield of the headdress.
- Myndos was originally founded by Dorian colonists from Troezen and is recorded as contributing silver and one ship to the Delian Confederacy circa 500 BCE. Later the city was refounded by Mausolos, ruler of Halicarnassus, closer to the coast.

Ex Civitas Galleries, 2007
3 commentsPharsalos
123.jpg
neapolis1165 viewsElagabalus
Neapolis, Samaria

Obv: ...ANTWN.... Laureate draped cuirassed bust right.
Rev: ΦΛ NEAC ΠOΛEWC. bust of Serapis right.
16 mm, 5.06 gms

Sofaer 116, Rosenberger 47
Charles M
00neroserapis.jpg
NERO17 viewsBI tetradrachm. Alexandria. Year 10 (63/4 AD). 13.72 grs. Radiate head right. NEΡΩ KΛAΥ KAIΣ ΣEB ΓEΡ / Draped bust of Serapis right, wearing calathus. AΥTOKΡA . To rightc LI.
Dattari 251. Milne 222.
CNG 66,lot 1290.
benito
00neroserapis~0.jpg
NERO47 viewsBI tetradrachm. Alexandria. Year 10 (63/4 AD). 13.72 grs. Radiate head right. NEΡΩ KΛAΥ KAIΣ ΣEB ΓEΡ / Draped bust of Serapis right, wearing calathus. AΥTOKΡA . To rightc LI.
Dattari 251. Milne 222.
benito
Elagabalus~1.jpg
Odessos Elagabalus AE2617 viewsAE26 struck 218-222 A.D. at Odessos, Thrace
Obv: Laureate head right
Rev: Serapis standing, head left, holding patera over a flaming altar in right hand, cornucopiae in left.

Moushmov 1620
Tanit
coins26.JPG
Odessos, Gordian III & Great God of Odessos15 viewsObviously Gordian III as Robert stated. Obv. legend AVT KM ANT GORDIANOC and AVG below. But it is not Serapis but the Great God of Odessos! I have an article about this deity in the thread 'Mythological interessent coins'. Perhaps you take a look. You can differentiate the Great God (greek = Theos Megas) from Serapis easily by the cornucopiae he always is holding. The cornucopiae you can see at the rigt brder under the -OC of GORDIANOC.
The reverse is ODHCC - EITWN. The O you can see too. E in the left field for pentassarion. It s AMNG 2341 if the size is AE27. Only one spec. in Sofia known in AMNG, so I think it is a rare one.
ecoli
Gordianus_PMTR_I_P_CON_PP_go11_b.jpg
P M TRI P CON P P33 viewsGordianus III. antoninianus
Antiochia mint
Rev.: ...TRI P CON... (instead of ...TR P COS...)
8 specimens are known only
extremely rare
Tibsi
sept_sev_pautalia_serapis.jpg
Pautalia, Thrace. AE17, Serapis; Varbanov II 46676 viewsSeptimius Severus, Pautalia, Thrace. Bronze AE 17, Varbanov II 4667, aVF, nice patina, Pautalia mint, weight 4.236g, maximum diameter 19.5mm, die axis 0o, obverse AY K Λ C CEVHPOC, laureate head right; reverse ΟΥΛΠΙΑC ΠΑΥΤΑΛΙΑC, draped bust of Serapis right wearing kalathos; Ex FORVMPodiceps
Philip_I_Tet_3.jpg
Philip I11 viewsPHILIP I
BI Tetradrachm, Alexandria, Egypt. Dated RY 2 (244/5 A.D.)
Laureate and cuirassed bust r. / Serapis standing facing, head right, holding scepter; L B (date) across field.
Köln 2713; Dattari 4910; Milne 3553; Emmett 3506.2. VF.
Sosius
Philip_I_Tet_1.jpg
Philip I11 viewsPHILIP I
BI Tetradrachm, Alexandria.
Year 5 =247/248 AD.
A K M IOV FILIPPOC EVC, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / L-E, Alexandria stand l, holding head of Serapis & sceptre.
Köln 2736, Dattari 4858, Emmett 3469
Sosius
philserapis.jpg
Philip II Pentassarian of Markianopolis AD 24932 viewsOBV: M IOVLIOC PILIPPOC ;KAICAP(below) ;Confronted busts of Philip II and Serapis
REV: MAPKIANOPOLEITYN; Asklepios standing right head left, leaning on a serpent entwined staff, 'E' in right field.
One of the last (and scarce)issues of Marcianopolis which minted coins from the time of Commodus to Phillip. The E on the reverse and two busts on the obverse distinguished the coin from tetrassaria which were about the same size and weight. Asklepios was the god of health in the ancient world and snakes were used in many healing rituals.
The ancients record that once Phillip II of Macedonia (father of Alex the Great) paid a nocturnal visit to his wife, Olympias, and found a huge snake lying next to her in bed. Their marriage was never the same.

Moushmov 858, Varbanov 2090 (ref. W'winds)

diameter 27 mm, wt 12.5 gm
daverino
philip-markianopolis-forum.jpg
Philip II - Varbanov I 209622 viewsPhilip II, Bronze pentassarion
Markianopolis, Moesia Inferior
11.556g, 26.7mm,
Μ ΙΟΥΛΙΟC "FILIPPO"C KAICAP, confronting draped busts of Philip, on left, and Serapis;/
"MARKIANOPOLEITWN", Homonoia standing facing, head left,
patera in left over flaming altar, cornucopia in right,
E in left field.
Ex: Forvm Ancient Coins
1 commentsxokleng
PhilipIISerapis_Tomis_Hygieia_AE27_1.jpg
Philip II and Serapis, Tomis, Hygieia, AE2723 viewsPhilip II circa 244 - 249 AD
Tomis Moesia Inferior Mint
Bronze 27 mm 13.2 gram
Obverse: Face to face busts of Philip & Serapis
Reverse: Hygieia standing right feeding serpent from patera
GICV -
areich
080-3-horz.jpg
Philip II, Moesia Inferior, Tomis, AE2826 viewsAD 247 – 249
12.28 grams
Obv. ΜΑΡΙΟΣΛΙΟC ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟC ΚΑΙCΑΡ, Draped bust of Philip facing draped bust of Serapis
Rev. ΜΗΤΡΟΠΠΟΝΤΟΥ ΤΟΜΕΩС, Demeter standing left with grain ears & torch.
Varbanov 5808
Purchase on eBay
NGC AU - Strike 4/5 - Surface 5/5
Richard M10
PhilippeIISerapis.JPG
Philippus II Caesar from TOMIS93 viewsM.IOV I I OC KAI, CAP AV (beneath)
Bare-headed draped and cuirassed bust of Philipp right, facing bust of Sarapis left, wearing kalathos.

R/ MHTPO - O - TOV TOME C
Nike holding palm and wreath walking right.

27 mm -- 12,94 g -- Axis 180°

thanks slokind who gives the references :
Sophia specimen AMNG I, 2, Taf. XXI, 36: p. 911, no. 3595

very gracious reverse
6 commentsgb29400
PhillipII_Serapis_Markianopolis_Serpent_AE25_13g_lr~0.jpg
Phillip II and Serapis, Markianopolis, Serpent, AE2566 viewsPhillip II 244-249 AD
AE25, 13 g
obv: confronted busts of Phillip II and Serapis, [] IΛIΠΠOC KAICAP
rev: coiled serpent left, E in right field, MAPKIANOΠOΛEITΩN
Hristova & Jekov, p. 236, fourth coin, 6.44.22.2. (same dies)
GICV -

ex Pars coins
areich
PhilippII_Serapis_Markianopolis_Serpent_AE27_12.75g.jpg
Phillip II and Serapis, Tomis, Serpent, AE2763 viewsPhillip II 244-249 AD
AE27, 12.75g
obv: confronted busts of Phillip II and Serapis, [M] IOVΛ ΦIΛ[IΠΠ]OC KAICAP AVΓ
rev: coiled serpent left, MHTPO ΠON[T]OV TO ME ΩC

ex Ancient Caesar
areich
caracalla_261(d).JPG
Pluto(n)303 viewsCaracalla 198-217
AR - Antoninianus, 5.3g
Rome AD 215
obv. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM
cuirassed bust, radiate head r.
rev. PM TRP XVIII COS IIII PP
Pluto with polos on head seated l. on throne, sceptre in l. hand, r.
extended towards three-headed Cerberus l., before him.
RIC IV/1, 261(d); in Cohen only with Minotaur
Rare; nice EF, one of the earliest Antoniniani!
added to www.wildwinds.com

PLUTO(N), Greek HADES, god of the underworld, identified by the three-headed Cerberus. But the polos shows, that at this time Pluto was mixed up with Serapis. Caracalla should have built a Serapeion on the Quirinal.
2 commentsJochen
Postumus_Trier_RIC_V_329.jpg
Postumus42 viewsAntoninianus (2,94g - 20mm)
obv. IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG
radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
rev.SERAPI C OMITI AVG
Serapis standing left, raising hand and holding sceptre
Trier mint 267 AD
RIC V 329
1 commentsHolger G
Postumus SERAPI COMITI AVG RIC 329.jpg
Postumus SERAPI COMITI AVG RIC V/2 32954 viewsAnt, 19mm, 3.73g.

Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: SERAPI COMII AVG, Serapis standing L, raising R hand and holding sceptre.

Trier, Officina A, Issue 4.

RIC V/2 329, Common.
Robert_Brenchley
Postumus_RIC_329.JPG
Postumus, 260 - 268 AD23 viewsObv: IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Postumus facing right.

Rev: SERAPI COMITI AVG, Serapis standing left, raising right hand and holding a scepter in his left, a ship at his feet.

Billon Antoninianus, Cologne mint, 267 AD

3.5 grams, 20 mm, 45°

RIC Vii 329, RSC 358a, S10992, VM 66
SPQR Matt
0450-220.jpg
Postumus, Antoninianus41 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, radiate and draped bust right
SERAPI COMITI AVG, Serapis standing left, raising right hand and holding spear
4.3 gr
Ref : RCV # 10992, Cohen # 360
Potator II
postumus2.jpg
Postumus, Antoninianus,10 viewsPostumus, Antoninianus, 260-269, Trier, , Billon 21MM
Obverse- Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG
Reverse- Serapis standing left, raising hand & holding sceptre; prow at his feet to left SERAPI COMITI AVG
RIC-329 Trier mint (AD 267)
Paul R3
abm_postumus_serapis.jpg
Postumus, radiate, Principal mint, reverse SERAPI COMITI AVG58 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
SERAPI COMITI AVG, Serapis standing left
Adrianus
PostumusRIC329.JPG
Postumus, RIC 32915 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG
radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
SERAPI C-OMITI AVG
Serapis standing left, raising hand and holding sceptre.
AR antoninianus, 21 mm

RIC V 329 Trier mint, Struck 267 AD.
novacystis
GI_132ax_img.jpg
Probus, Billon tetradrachm, Alexandria, Year 5, Bust of Serapis36 viewsObv:– A K M AVR PROBOC CEB, Laureate draped bust right
Rev:– None, Bust of Serapis right
Minted in Alexandria Egypt. L - E | _ Year 5. A.D. 279-280
Reference:– Milne 4605. Curtis X-1889, Emmett 3993(5) R4. BMC -. Dattari 5544

6.79 gms

A rare type for Probus
1 commentsmaridvnvm
6299_6300.jpg
Provincial, Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior, AE18, ΝΙΚΟΠΟΛΠΡΟC11 viewsAE18
Roman Provincial
Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior
Septimius Severus
Augustus: 193 - 211AD
17.0 x 16.5mm 3.40gr 1h
O: AV [K Λ] CεVHPOC; Laureate head, right.
R: ΝΙΚΟΠΟΛ-ΠΡΟC; Serapis, draped bust facing right, modius on head.
Hristov & Jekov 8.14.6.9; Varbanov 2404 var. (obv. legend); Moushmov 927 (smaller head, unbroken legend); AMNG 1349.
hermescoin1 351242095859
3/20/18 4/4/18
Nicholas Z
Ring-Rome-Intaglio-Serapis-Q-001_6x6,5mm-s.jpg
Roman -Intaglo Zeus, Serapis ? #019,124 viewsRoman -Intaglo Zeus, Serapis ? #019,
type:Intaglio,
size: 6x6,5mm,
weight: 0,46g,
date: ???A.D.,
ref: ???.,
distribution: Rome,
Q-001
quadrans
Serapis_bust.jpg
Roman AE bust of Serapis18 viewsBust of God Serapis with kantharos on his head. The bust has a concave back and a small loop on the back of the head - it was likely originally attached to some form of bronze vessel. It appears to be made of bronze and is 55 mm tall, 78 mm tall on the wooden stand. The wooden stand was added be a previous owner in the early to mid 20th century. Circa 2nd - 3rd c AD.otlichnik
caracalla10.jpg
Roman Caracalla Denarius37 viewsAR Denarius. Minted in Rome, A.D. 213.
Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate bust right
Rev: P M TR P XVI COS IIII P P, Serapis his chest bare and a modius on his head standing left holding sceptre and raising hand

References: VM 60.1, RIC 208, RCV02 6829, RSC 211
2 commentsTanit
IMG_0819.JPG
Roman Clay Bulla - Confronted busts and eagle49 viewsClay bulla
1st-2nd century AD
Confronted bust of Serapis and indistinct figure, atop eagle with wings spread
Ex F. Bollman Collection; Ex PBJI
Ardatirion
COMMODUS_NICOPOLIS_SERAPIS.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE - Commodus38 viewsROMAN EMPIRE - Commodus, Provincial issue, Nikopolis in Moesia; Obv.: Laureate bust right. Rev.: Tyche (Fortuna), personifying good fortune & prosperity, stands left, holding a cornucopiae & a ship's rudder. Reference: Moushmov 899.1 commentsdpaul7
roman4.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE - HADRIAN, ALEXANDRIA35 viewsROMAN EMPIRE - HADRIAN, ALEXANDRIA - Tetradrachm, year 10 =LDE KATOV. Obv.: Bust of Hadrian right/Rev.: Bust of Serapis right. Milne 1144 (obverse Hk2), Emmett 889(10)=R3 (scarce).

Thanks to Iwaniw for his help in attribution!
1 commentsdpaul7
PHILIP_II___SERAPIS_MESEMBRIA.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE - Philip II16 viewsROMAN EMPIRE - Philip II as Caesar (244-246 AD) Æ 26mm of Mesembria, Thrace. Μ ΑΡ ΙΟVΛΙΟς ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟς ΚΑΙςΑΡ, bare head of Philip II right, facing draped bust of Serapis left, in modius / ΜΕςΑΜΒΡΙΑΝΩΝ, Concordia-Homonoia standing wearing modius, holding patera and cornucopiae. Moushmov #4039, BMC 23, SNG Cop 668. 9.81g. dpaul7
Sabratha~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Augustus, Syrtica, Sabratha231 viewsSYRTICA Sabratha. Augustus.8-14 AD.
AE As 24 mm
Obv: CAESAR; Head of Augustus right; lituus before /
Rev: Neo-Punic "SBRT'N" to left, "R" to right, Bust of Serapis right;

RPC I 814 .
Rare.
2 commentsTanit
PR161MD.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Caracalla, Hadrianopolis, AE27120 viewsHadrianopolis, Thrace
Date: 198-217 AD
Size: 27mm/11.4g
Obverse: AYT M AYP CЄY ANTΩNEINOC - Laureate bust right.
Reverse: AΔPIANOΠOΛЄITΩN - Serapis standing, with right raised hand, holding in left hand spear across
Reference: Moushmov 2645
3 commentsJericho
moneta 527.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Caracalla, Markianopolis, AE2582 viewsobv: Facing busts of Caracalla and Julia Domna
rev: Tetrastyle temple with peaked roof, statue of Serapis within holding right hand upraised & scepter in left.
Struck 196-217 A.D. at Markianopolis
Moushmov 508
1 commentsJericho
moneta 515b.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Caracalla, Nicaea, AE2856 viewsobv: Laureate bust right
rev: Serapis standing facing, head left, raising right hand, holding sceptre in left.
Struck 196-217 A.D. at Nicaea
1 commentsJericho
moneta 555 smaller b.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Caracalla, Nikopolis, AE18 37 viewsobv: Laureate and draped bust right
rev: Draped bust of Serapis right
Struck 198-217 A.D. at Nikopolis ad Istrum
Note: Not 100% this is Caracalla, but best guess. Other opinions welcomed!
Jericho
0561-410.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS, EGYPT, Octadrachm, Emmet Plate Coin135 viewsThis coin is the Emmet plate coin for the type
Alexandria mint, AD 296-297
ΔOMITI-ANOC CEB, Radiate bust of Domitius right
No legend, Serapis going right, LB in field (regnal year 2)
12.79 gr
Ref : Emmet, Alexandrian coins #4241/2, RCV # 12982 (2000), Sear # 4801 var (It's actually an hexadrachm in Sear)
Domitius Domitianus, stationed in Egypt, rebelled against Diocletianus in july 296 AD and was proclaimed emperor. He was defeated during spring 297 AD. Diocletian decided to close the alexandrian mint, so the coins of Domitianus are the last provincial coins from Alexandria. Also, Domitianus was the only ruler to strike octadrachms (in parallel with didrachms, tetradrachms and hexadrachms)

For more information, see, in english : http://www.forumancientcoins.com/numiswiki/view.asp?key=Domitius%20Domitianus or "en français" http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=54339.0
1 commentsPotator II
0561-410~1.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS, Octadrachm, EMMET, Alexandrian coins - # 4241/2142 viewsDOMITIUS DOMITIANUS, EGYPT, Octadrachm
Alexandria mint, AD 296-297
ΔOMITI-ANOC CEB, Radiate bust of Domitius right
No legend, Serapis going right, LB in field (regnal year 2)
12.79 gr
Ref : Emmet, Alexandrian coins #4241/2, RCV # 12982 (2000), Sear # 4801 var (It's actually an hexadrachm in Sear)
Domitius Domitianus, stationed in Egypt, rebelled against Diocletianus in july 296 AD and was proclaimed emperor. He was defeated during spring 297 AD. Diocletian decided to close the alexandrian mint, so the coins of Domitianus are the last provincial coins from Alexandria. Also, Domitianus was the only ruler to strike octadrachms (in parallel with didrachms, tetradrachms and hexadrachms)

For more information, see, in english : http://www.forumancientcoins.com/numiswiki/view.asp?key=Domitius%20Domitianus or "en français" http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=54339.0
1 commentsPotator II
moneta 275.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Elagabalus, Odessos, AE 2642 viewsobv: Laureate head right
rev: Serapis standing, head left, holding patera over a flaming altar in right hand, cornucopiae in left.
Struck 218-222 A.D. at Odessos, Thrace
Moushmov 1620
Jericho
027B.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Geta AE30 Serdica87 viewsVarbanov 2568, Moushmov 488
Serdica, Thrace
17.13 g, 30 mm
AVT K P CEPTIMIOC GETAC, laureate head right
OVLPIAC CEPDIKHC, Serapis seated left, kalathos on head,
reaching out to pet three-headed dog Cerberus at foot left, & holding sceptre.
Extremely Rare
1 commentsMark Z
Gordian.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, GORDIAN 11162 viewsTHRACE.MOESIA INFERIOR.MARCIANOPOLIS.Gordian III and Serapis AD238-244.AE.5 Assaria.~#~Artemis.
THRACE.MOESIA INFERIOR.MARCIANOPOLIS.Gordian III and Serapis AD238-244.AE.5 Assaria.naming Roman legate Menophilus. 14.27gms 27mm
AVΓ M ANT ΓΟΡΔΙΑΝΟC , viz-a-viz busts of Gordian III left and Serapis with modius on head.
Reverse.VΠ MHNOΦΙΛΟΥ ΜΑΡΚΙΑΝΟΠΟΛΙΤΩ / N, Artemis standing left holding patera in right hand staff, in front seated hound facing left, right field denominational letter E ( = 5 ( Assaria) ).
Ref:AMNG pg.310.1133
1 commentsHELEN S
Gordian III Moushmov 1670 obv and rev.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Gordian III & Serapis, Varbanov 356346 viewsGordian III & Serapis
AE26
Odessus, Thrace. 238-244 A.D.
26.4mm. 11.68g.
Die Alignment: 15 degrees
Obv: ANT K MA ANTΩNIOC ΓOPΔIANOC - Confronted draped busts of Gordian and Serapis.
Rev: OΔHCCEITΩN - Nemesis standing left with scales, rod and wheel at foot. "E" in left field.
Ref: Moushmov 1670var. AMNG 2353var. Varbanov 3563 (Bulgarian Edt.)
Notes: Thank you to Steve Minnoch, Helvetica, Martin Griffiths and Curtis Clay for help attributing this coin. Ex Martin Griffiths (Maridvnvm) collection.
seraphic
GordianusPius-AE27-MOESIINF--MACRIANOPOLIS-NEMAEQUITAS-Varb2002.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, GORDIAN III, AE27, MOESIA INFERIOR // MARKIANOPOLIS – Varb. I / 200218 viewsAv) M ANT ГOPΔIANOC AVG
Busts of Gordianus, draped, cuirassed and laureated looking right facing the bust of Serapis, which is draped and wearing katalos looking left

Rv) VП MHNOΦIΛOV MAPKIANOПOΛITΩN
Nemesis-Aequitas, standing left, holding staff in left hand and scales in the right hand, left on the ground there is a wheel

Weight: 11,6g; Ø: 27mm; References: a) Not in AMNG b) Varbanov I page 191/ nr.:2002; c) not in Hristova/Jekov
sulcipius
moneta 310r.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Gordian III, Nikopolis ad Istrum, AE2727 viewsobv: Laureate head right
rev: Serapis standing left holding sceptre in left hand, patera in right. Altar below?
1 commentsJericho
moneta 675.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Gordian III, Odessos, AE2665 viewsobv: Facing busts of Gordian III and Serapis
rev: Nike advancing right, holding wreath and palm
Struck 238-244 A.D. at Odessos, Thrace
Note: "Probably AMNG 2344, one spec.; this has obv. legend AYT K M ANT etc. and AVG below busts. AMNG 2343, also one spec., is an obv. variant: begins AYT M ANT only (no K) and no legend below busts." - Curtis Clay
Jericho
MaximianusBor.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Maximianus tetradrachm, Alexandria19 views287-288 AD
AE 19.7x20.2mm
Obv. AKM OV MAXIMIANOC CEB
Bust right, laureate
Rev. Poorly struck; probably Alexandria standing left, holding head of Serapis and scepter. L in left field, B in right field (date=year 2, 287-288 AD)
Alexandria mint
gparch
moneta 626.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Maximinus I, Anchialus, AE2761 viewsobv: Laureate and draped bust right.
rev: Serapis standing, raising right hand, holding sceptre in left, chalmys draped over left arm.
Struck 235-238 A.D. at Anchialus, Thrace
Varbanov II 993
Jericho
NeroSerapisor.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Nero, Tetradrachm, Serapis26 viewsAR 22.6x23.8mm
Ob. Head of Nero right, radiate
Rev. Bust of Serapis right
Year 10 (63-64 AD)
Alexandria mint, Egypt
gparch
04383q00bk.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Philip II & Serapis, Mesembria, AE2571 viewsAE25. 11.5 g.
obv: Draped bust of Philip, right, facing draped bust of Serapis, left.
rev: Apollo standing left, holding lyre placed on column.
1 commentsJericho
500-3~0.png
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Philip II, Moesia Inferior Markianopolis, AE27 51 viewsAD 247 - 249
12.47 grams
Obv.: M IOULIOC FILIPPOC KAICAP, Confronted busts of Philip II & Serapis
Rev.: MARKIANOPOLEITWN, Homonoia standing left by altar, holding patera and cornucopiae; E in left field.
Varbanov I 2096, AMNG I 1213, Moushmov 862
Richard M10
080-3-horz~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Philip II, Moesia Inferior, Tomis, AE2890 viewsAD 247 – 249
12.28 grams
Obv. ΜΑΡΙΟΣΛΙΟC ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟC ΚΑΙCΑΡ, Draped bust of Philip facing draped bust of Serapis
Rev. ΜHΤΡΟΠΟΝΤOY ΤΟΜEWΝ, Demeter standing left with grain ears & torch.
Varbanov 5808
1 commentsRichard M10
moneta 492 large.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Philip II, Tomis, AE27104 viewsObv: Facing draped busts of Philip & Serapis
Rev: Athena helmeted, wearing long dress, running right, right hand hurling short spear, shield in left.
Struck 244-249 A.D. at Tomis
Moushmov 2321
Jericho
070-3-horz~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Septimius Severus, Moesia Inferior, Marcianopolis, AE2553 viewsAD 193 – 211
9.98 grams
Obv.: AV L CEPΠ CEVHPOC P, laureate head right
Rev.: V I FAVCTINIANOV MAPKIANOPOLITWN, Hades-Serapis seated left, wearing modius and holding sceptre, Kerberos before him
Varbanov 808; AMNG 561.7; Paris 533
Richard M10
Titustet~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Titus Tetradrachm348 viewsSilver tetradrachm

AYTOK TITOY KAIΣO YEΣΠAΣIANOY ΣEB
laureate head of Titus right

ΣAPAΠIΣ
bust of Serapis right, wearing taenia, modius on head ornamented with branches of laurel, date LB (year 2) right

Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 79 - 28 Aug 80 A.D
12.254g, 25.4mm

Milne 456 - 457; Geissen 319; Dattari 426; cf. BMC Alexandria p. 34, 281 (year 3); Emmett 235

Ex-Forum

This is the Wildwinds example

Ptolemy Soter, wanting to integrate Egyptian religion with that of their Hellenic rulers, promoted worship of Serapis as a deity that would win the reverence of both groups alike. This was despite the curses of the Egyptian priests against the gods of previous foreign rulers (i.e Set who was lauded by the Hyksos). Alexander the Great had attempted to use Amun for this purpose, but Amum was more prominent in Upper Egypt, and not as popular in Lower Egypt, where the Greeks had stronger influence. The Greeks had little respect for animal-headed figures, and so an anthropomorphic statue was chosen as the idol, and proclaimed as the equivalent of the highly popular Apis. It was named Aser-hapi (i.e. Osiris-Apis), which became Serapis, and was said to be Osiris in full, rather than just his Ka (life force). Ptolemy's efforts were successful - in time Serapis was held by the Egyptians in the highest reverence above all other deities, and he was adored in Athens and other Greek cities.

4 commentsJay GT4
Caracalla.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Caracalla34 viewsCaracalla Denarius. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right / PM TR P XV COS III PP, Serapis standing left, raising right hand and holding transverse sceptre. RSC 195.2 commentsIlya_VK
Caracalla.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Caracalla Denarius40 viewsANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right / PM TR P XV COS III PP, Serapis standing left holding right hand high & transverse scepter. RIC 193. 3.4 grams.Stuart Francis
16043LG.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Caracalla, AR Antoninianus51 viewsCARACALLA. 198-217 AD. AR Antoninianus (5.15 g). Struck 215 AD. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / Serapis standing front, head left, right hand raised, holding sceptre in left. RIC IV 262a; BMCRE 122 note; RSC 297a. Good VFNico
moneta 368r.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Caracalla, Denarius35 viewsobv: Laureate head right
rev: Serapis standing facing, head left, raising right hand, holding sceptre in left.
Van Meter 63/5
Jericho
16043LG.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, CARACALLA. 198-217 AD. AR Antoninianus. Struck 215 AD.54 viewsCARACALLA. 198-217 AD. AR Antoninianus (5.15 g). Struck 215 AD. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / Serapis standing front, head left, right hand raised, holding sceptre in left. RIC IV 262a; BMCRE 122 note; RSC 297a. Good VF1 commentssseverus
99A.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, City Commemorative, Time of Maximinus II. AD 310-313. Æ (16mm, 1.60 g,). ‘Persecution’ issue. 67 viewsTime of Maximinus II. AD 310-313. Æ (16mm, 1.60 g,). ‘Persecution’ issue. Antioch mint, 6th officina. Jupiter seated left on throne, holding globe and scepter / Victory advancing left, holding wreath in outstretched hand; Z in right field (= officina 6) . Van Heesch, Last, 2.

J. van Heesch has provided the latest chronology for these anonymous civic bronzes of the fourth century AD. An active campaign of persecution against local Christians, abetted by Maximinus II, reached its height in Nicomedia, Antioch, and Alexandria. Churches were closed and property was seized from Christians who were expelled from many cities. These three major mint cities struck a series of small bronzes honoring the old Greco-Roman gods, Jupiter, Apollo, Tyche, and Serapis being among them. The persecutions subsided in AD 313, possibly as a result of concerns expressed by Constantine and Licinius, the emperors in the west.
1 commentsAdrian W
moneta 482.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Claudius Gothicus, Antioch49 viewsClaudius Gothicus Antoninianus
obv: IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
rev: CONSER AVG. Serapis standing left, raising right hand, holding sceptre in left.
Struck 268-270 A.D. at Antioch
RIC-V (Part 1) 201
Van Meter 6
Jericho
CONSTANTINE_I_FOLLIS_SOLI_INVICTO~0.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, CONSTANTINE I as Augustus. AE Follis of Nicomedia. Struck c.A.D.312. 59 viewsObverse: IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS P F AVG. Laureate head of Constantine facing right.
Reverse: SOLI INVICTO. Sol, fully dressed in long robe, standing facing left, right hand raised and holding head of Serapis in left; in left field, A; in right field, crescent; in exergue, SMN.
RIC VI : 73c
Scarce
2 comments*Alex
maximinus_2.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Festival of Isis, Anonymous AE3, 4th century A.D. 26 viewsObverse: DEO SARAPIDI. Bust of Serapis wearing modius facing right.
Reverse: SANCTO NILO. Nile river-god reclining left, holding a small ship and a reed stalk, resting left arm on an overturned urn out of which water flows.
Struck at Rome in the middle of the fourth century.
1 commentsseaotter
_Licinius_I_Genio.jpg
Roman Empire, Licinius I, Alexandria42 viewsLate Roman AE Follis BCC Lr7
Licinius I 308-324CE
Alexandria mint
Obv:IMP C LIC LICINNIVS P F AVG
Laureate head right.
Rev:GENIO AVGVSTI
Genius standing left, with god-like countenance and six-pac, nude
except for pallium hanging from shoulder, wearing modius, holding
bust of Serapis and cornucopia. Black patina.
Palm branch in front. in field, N/A, in ex. ALE (dot). above, star.
20mm 4.98gm. Axis:180
Possible ref: RIC 157 a.
v-drome
Licinivs.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Licinius I, Follis,308-324 A.D. Antiochia mint26 viewsLicinius I, Follis,308-324 A.D. Antiochia mint
11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

obv: IMP C LIC LICINNIVS P F AVG, laureate head right;
rev: SOLI IN-VICTO, Sol standing left, raising right hand and holding head of Serapis in left,

ex : AI to right * to left ANT in ex.

RIC VI 167b Antioch
George
Max_Fdc~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Maximinus II Ae Follis (20mm)228 viewsMaximinus II Ae Follis (20mm)

Obv/ IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG; laur. head r.
Rev/ SOLIIN-VICTO; Sol, rad., in fancy robe, stg. l., cloak flying; raising r. hand, holding head of Serapis in l. hand. Gamma I/Star in opposing fields.

Antioch Mint; ANT in exergue

Ref: RIC VI, 167b

Condition: UNC/at Mint? Had this coin been perfectly centered with complete beading on both sides, I'd call it at FDC.

This is pretty much a flawless coin in mint condition that shows no sign of wear; nary a single scratch. The obverse portrait is simply perfect.
4 commentsKevin_S
bot16.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Maximinus II Silvered Follis 179 views311-313 AD. Nicomedia mint.
Obv.: IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG - Laureate head right.
Rev.: SOLI INVICTO - Sol standing left in long robe, with raised right hand & holding up head of Serapis in left. SMN in ex., */A in l. field.
RIC 77b
Minos
moneta 343.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Maximinus II, Alexandria - RIC VI 16046 viewsMaximinus II Follis
obv: IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG. Laureate head right.
rev: GENIO AVGVSTI. Genius standing left, holding head of Serapis and cornucopiae.
left field: * N branch
right field: delta
exergue: ALE
Struck 312-313 A.D. at Alexandria
RIC VI 160b
Van Meter 9
Jericho
moneta 296.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Maximinus II, Nicomedia - RIC VI 7769 viewsMaximinus II Follis
obv: IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG. Laureate head right.
rev: SOLI INVICTO. Sol standing left, head of Serapis in left hand, right hand raised.
left field: * gamma
exergue: SMN
Struck 312 A.D. at Nicomedia
RIC VI 77b
Van Meter 20
Jericho
Photo_2006_12_20_3_18_20_edited.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Postumus SERAPI COMITI AVG45 viewsPostumus, 267 A.D., Trier.
OBV: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
REV: SERAPI COMITI AVG, Serapis standing left, raising right hand and holding sceptre. Prow at feet left.
ancientcoins
s-l500-1.jpg
Roman lead Tessera Imperial times 2nd-3rd century AD8 viewsHead of Nilus or Serapis right.
Weight: 6.3 gr
Diameter: 19 mm.

Canaan
Screenshot_2018-08-24_17_00_36.png
Roman Provincial, Egypt, Nero as Augustus, Billon Tetradrachm.2 viewsAlexandria Year 10 = 63-64 A.D. 12.30g - 24.2mm, Axis 6h.

Obv: NEPΩ KΛAV KAIΣ ΣEB ΓEP - Radiate head right.

Rev: AYTO KPA / L I - Draped bust of Serapis right, wearing calathus.

Köln 160; Dattari 251; RPC I 5274; Emmett 133.10.
Christian Scarlioli
Roman_Empire_,_Emperor_Caracalla__,_AD_198-217.png
Roman, CARACALLA169 viewsRoman Empire , Emperor Caracalla , AD 198-217
Caracalla / Serapis AR Denarius
Obverse : ANTONINVSPIVSAVGBRIT - Laureate head right.
Reverse : PMTRPXVCOSIIIPP - Serapis standing left, raising hand and holding scepter.
( 3.49 gr )

Marcus Aurelius Antoninus or Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus , commonly known Caracallus or Caracalla.

From the Sam Mansourati collection.
Sam
Mature_Caracalla_Portrait_7x-1.jpg
Roman, Caracalla * Mature859 views
Of all the Caracalla portraits, I’m most drawn to & fond of those which show him in his greatest maturity. This one, dated to 217 AD, the year of his death is about as ‘mature’ as one can get for the man.
This portrait strikes me as exceptionally handsome, which I well-imagine he was in reality, despite his ‘official portraiture’ which often suggests otherwise.

Too, I think some of his portraits, such as this one, suggest strongly a certain vanity in his masculine appearance – that he was well groomed and took considerable pride in his over-all appearance, quite despite his soldierly life-style.
Such vanity and the purposefulness of his official portraiture not withstanding, here I believe one beholds ‘Caracalla’ the man more as he was – an alpha male par excellence, and a devilishly handsome one.

Portrait from AR Denarius * Caracalla * Serapis
Mint: Rome
Struck: 217 AD.
Size: 19 mm.

RIC 291b
* Reverse of * RIC 289, pg. 255

Submitted by Tiathena
5 commentsTiathena
Intaglio_Carnelian_Serapis-in_AE-ring_Q-002_22x11x12mm_4,0g-s.jpg
Roman, Carnelian intaglio in a AE-ring, Serapis ??? #030,223 viewsRoman, Carnelian intaglio in a AE-ring, Serapis ??? #030,
type: Carnelian Intaglio,
size: 22x11x12mm, (total size, not an intaglo size)
weight: 4,0g,
date: ???A.D.,
ref: ???.,
distribution: Rome,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Picture_002.jpg
Romano-Egyptian Votive Statue107 viewsCirca 1st century BC - 1st century AD
5.5 inches tall
ex Superior Galleries

Terracotta votive statue of the Hellenistic god Harpokrates.

Harpokrates, the god of silence, is the Hellenistic adaptation of the Egyptian child-god Horus, and as such was said to be the son of Isis and Serapis.

Update;
This item donated to the Hallie Ford museum in Salem Oregon.
3 commentsEnodia
Faustina_II_45.jpg
RPC - Egypt, Alexandria, AD 154/155, Faustina II, Serapis seated, Kerberos8 viewsFaustina II
Alexandria
Billon-Tetradrachm
Obv.: ΦAVCTINA CEBACTH, draped bust right
Rev.: L IΘ = year 19 (AD 155/156 ), Draped figure of Serapis, seated on high backed throne to left, holding long sceptre in his left hand and extending his right to touch Kerberos
Billon, 11.48g, 22mm
Ref.: Dattari 3267
shanxi
RPC_II_2468_Titus.jpg
RPC II 2468 Titus23 viewsObv: AYTOK TITOY KAIΣ OYEΣΠAΣIANOY ΣEB,Laureate head right
Rev: ΣAPAΠIΣ, LΓ (down right); Draped bust of Serapis Kalathes, right
BIL/Tetradrachm (25.72 mm 13.03 g 12h) Struck in Alexandria (Egypt) 80-81 A D
RPC 2468, SNG France 859-862
ex Emporium Hamburg Auction 70 Lot 144
1 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
RPC5366b.jpg
RPC536615 viewsDiobol, bust of Serapis, long obverse legend. 9.09 gr, max 26.5 mm, die-axis 12.jmuona
RPC5367_1B.jpg
RPC536716 viewsDiobol, bust of Serapis, short obverse legend. 11.20 gr, max 26 mm, die-axis 12.jmuona
RPC5367b.jpg
RPC536725 viewsDiobol, bust of Serapis, short obverse legend. 10.88 gr, 26 mm, die-axis 12.jmuona
Sabratha.jpg
Sabratha - Augustus - AE As62 viewsAE As 24 mm
SYRTICA, Sabratha. Augustus.8-14 AD.
Obv: CAESAR; Head of Augustus right; lituus before /
Rev: Neo-Punic "SBRT'N" to left, "R" to right, Bust of Serapis right;

RPC I 814 .
Rare.
1 commentsTanit
Saitta.jpg
Saitta - AE9 viewsc. 2nd century AD
draped bust of Serapis right wearing modius
Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia
CAITT_HNΩN
Lindgren III, 506; BMC 33. 3.54; SNG Leypold I, 1147; SNRIS Saitta 03
ex Gorny & Mosch
ex Laurent Bricault collection
Johny SYSEL
MA_Caesarea.jpg
Samaria, Caesarea, Marcus Aurelius18 viewsMarcus Aurelius, 161-180 AD, AE 24
Obverse: Laur., dr., cuir., bust of Marcus Aurelius to right.
Reverse: Serapis wearing modius bust right, bronze of 23.2 mm, 13.27 grams.

S. 1680; BMC 27. 22, 83

1 commentsSkySoldier
IMG_0089.JPG
SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos IV Epiphanes.9 viewsSELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos IV Epiphanes. 175-164 BC. Æ (32.5mm, 34.24 g, 1h). “Egyptianizing” series. Antioch on the Orontes mint. Struck 169-168 BC. Laureate head of Zeus-Serapis right, wearing tainia with Osiris cap at tip / Eagle standing right on thunderbolt. SC 1413; HGC 9, 643.ecoli
SC-1413.jpg
Seleukid Empire: Antiochos IV Epiphanes (175-164 BCE) Æ Unit, Antioch on the Orontes (SC 1413; HGC 9, 643)16 viewsObv: Laureate head of Zeus-Serapis right, wearing tainia with Osiris cap at tip
Rev: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY ΘEOY EΠIΦANOYΣ; Eagle standing right on thunderbolt

Quant.Geek
SeptSever_AE17_Nikopolis_HJ8_14_6_9_Rauch.jpg
Septimius Severus - Nicopolis ad Istrum, AE17 H/J 8.14.6.9 var.49 viewsSeptimius Severus, AE17 (assarion) minted in Nicopolis ad Istrum, 193-211; 3.16 g, 17 mm; obv. AV KEC C - CEYHPOC, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; rev. NIKOΠOΛIT ΠPOC ICTP, Bust of Serapis right, wearing kalathos. Hristova/Jekov 8.14.6.9 var. (same reverse); not in Varbanov.
Notes: ex H.D. Rauch Sommerauktion, lot 715
4 commentsBartosz A
Septimius_Severus14_opt.jpg
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS AE17 Assarion, Moushmov 927, Serapis18 viewsOBV: AV K L CEVHPOC, laureate bust right
REV: NIKOPOL PROC IC, Draped bust of Serapis in modius, facing right
2.6g, 15mm

Minted at Nikopolis ad Istrum. between 193-211 AD
Legatus
SeptSevSerapis.JPG
Septimius Severus, AE 25 Tetrassaria57 viewsIMP L SEP SEVERVS
Bust laureate, draped, cuirassed, right, seen from behind
MVNICIPIV/M STOBENSIVM
Serapis standing left, right hand raised, left hand holding robe, snake coiled about arm and possibly staff
Reverse die unlisted, obverse die (V18) as in Josifovski 132
Small flan, only two specimens of this reverse type known to Josifovski, citing Vienna KHM 9875 (Septimius) and private collection (Geta as Caesar)
Lindgren 1145 (but attributed to Nike?)
whitetd49
SSevMark.JPG
Septimius Severus, AE 2626 viewsAV L CEPTI CEVHPOC P
Bust laureate, draped, cuirassed, right, seen from behind
VI FAVCTINIANO/V MAPKIANOPOLI, TWN in exergue.
Serapis (often associated with Pluto/Hades) enthroned left, wearing kalathos, holding scepter, extending hand to Kerberos.
BMC -, AMNG 561, Varbanov (Eng.) I, 794
H&J 6.14.6.3-7 but different dies(?).
whitetd49
SeptimiusSeverus_Kallatis_Serapis.jpg
Septimius Severus, Kallatis, Serapis, AE 2822 viewsAE 28 of Septimius Severus, Kallatis, Serapis
28.1mm, 11.2g
Obv.: laureate head right
Rev.: Serapis sitting on throne left, holding scepter in left hand
areich
070-3-horz.jpg
Septimius Severus, Moesia Inferior, Marcianopolis, AE2513 viewsAD 193 – 211
9.98 grams
Obv.: AV L CEPΠ CEVHPOC P, laureate head right
Rev.: V I FAVCTINIANOV MAPKIANOPOLITWN, Hades-Serapis seated left, wearing modius and holding sceptre, Kerberos before him
Varbanov 808; AMNG 561.7; Paris 533
Purchased on eBay
NGC Ch VF Strike: 4/5 Surface: 4/5 - lt. smoothing
Richard M10
maximinusII_92.jpg
Serapis312 viewsMaximinus II Daia 309 - 313
AE - Follis (Bronce), 5.00g, 22.2mm
Cyzokus 4. officina, 311 - 312
obv. IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS PF AVG
laureate head r.
rev. SOLE IN - VICTO
Sol radiate standing l. in long robe, r. raised, l. holding head of Serapis
field: Delta
exergue: MKV
RIC VI, Cyzikus 92; C.156
Scarce; good VF
from Forum Ancient Coins, ex Scott coll., thanks!
SERAPIS was a syncretic deity made of Osiris and Apis. Introduced by Ptolemaeus
as state deity. Later he was the highest deity with reminiscence of Zeus and even Christ(!). Because of that he connected Eastern, Egyptian religion with the Western world. Replaced by Christianity, after a short attempt by Julian II.
3 commentsJochen
RI 066c img.jpg
Serapis239 viewsCaracalla Denarius
Obv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate bust right
Rev:- P M TR P XVI COS IIII P P, Serapis his chest bare and a modius on his head standing left holding sceptre and raising hand
Minted in Rome, A.D. 213
References, VM 60.1, RIC 208, RSC 211.

Serapis was imported from Egypt and became popular at Rome in the 3rd century A.D. He is bearded, wears a tall headdress and carries a staff. He usually is shown gesturing with a raised hand.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Serapis_vatican.jpg
Serapis of Bryaxis245 viewsRoman marble copy of the head of Serapis from the Serapeion in Alexandria made by Bryaxis, flourishing 400-350 BC. Now in the Museo Pio-Clementino, Vaticane/Rome.
Jochen
NeroSerapisor~0.JPG
Serapis, Nero, Tetradrachm203 viewsOb. Nero, head right, radiate
Rev. Serapis, draped bust right
Year 10---63-64 AD

Serapis is usually shown with a grain-measuring basket on his head. Although derived from Egyptian deities, he often looks very Jovian and thoroughly Greek, a matter which apparently pleased the Macedonian Ptolemies, and probably helped his acceptance by the Romans.
gparch
smyrna_prow.jpg
Serapis/ prow27 viewsSmyrna, Ionia, AE; Serapis / prow. Klose 70. Ex Gerhard RohdePodiceps
PROV-002-SevAlexander.jpg
Severus Alexander - Dionysopolis5 viewsAE 27, Dionysopolis, 17mm, 9.55g
Obv: AVT K M AVP CEVH AALEXANDROC. Draped, cuirassed and laureate bust right.
Rev: DIONVCOPOLEITWN. Serapis standing left, holding patera and cornucopia, lit altar at his feet. Sear 3267
Marti Vltori
U3141F1ARXUCNQM.JPG
Severus Alexander, Odessos17 viewsSeverus Alexander (222-235 CE),
Odessos, Thrace.
Emperor, laureate right/Serapis standing left holding patera over altar before him & cornucopiae.
AE 26mm
Belisarius
image~6.jpg
Severus Alexander; Alexandria, Egypt29 viewsEGYPT, Alexandria. Severus Alexander. AD 222-235. BI Tetradrachm Dated RY 4 (AD 224/5). Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Bust of Serapis right; L Δ (date) across field. Köln -; Dattari 4947; Milne 2934 = Emmett 3133.4.ecoli
83360q00_Maximinus_II_daia_RIC_VI_167b,_VF,_Antioch.jpg
SOLI INVICTO, Z left, ANT in ex; RIC VI 167b Antioch23 viewsMaximinus II Daia, late 309 - 30 April 313 A.D. Silvered follis, RIC VI 167b, Antioch mint, 4.990g, 20.3mm, 180o, 312 A.D.; obverse IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse SOLI INVICTO, Sol standing left holding head of Serapis, Z left, ANT in ex. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
ANTONINUS_PIUS_TETRADRACHM.JPG
Struck A.D.144 - 145. ANTONINUS PIUS. AR (Billon) Tetradrachm of Alexandria9 viewsObverse: ANTωNINOC CEB EVCEB. Laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Reverse: No legend. Serapis seated on throne facing left, holding sceptre in left hand and stretching right hand out over Kerberos at his feet. In field, L - H (= regnal year 8 = A.D.144-145).
Diameter: 24mm | Weight: 12.54gms
Milne : 1792 | Geißen: 1440 | Dattari: 2366
1 comments*Alex
CONSTANTIN_1_SOL_SMH.JPG
Struck A.D.312. CONSTANTINE I as Augustus. AE Follis of Nicomedia16 viewsObverse: IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS P F AVG. Laureate head of Constantine facing right.
Reverse: SOLI INVICTO. Sol, fully dressed in long robe, standing facing left, right hand raised and holding head of Serapis in left; in left field, A; in right field, crescent; in exergue, SMN.
RIC VI : 73c
SCARCE
1 comments*Alex
nikopolis_26_elagabal_HrHJ(2013)8_26_46_14.jpg
TEMPLE, Elagabalus, Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 26. HrHJ (2013) 8.26.46.1473 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 26, 12.70g, 25.83mm, 80°
struck under governor Novius Rufus
obv. [AVT] KM AVR - ANTWN[EINOC]
laureate head r.
rev. V[P NOB]IOV ROVFOV NIKOLITWN(sic!) PROC I / CTRON
Temple with two columns frontal and four columns at left side where the bricks of the cella are visible
behind; between the frontal column a male fiigure in himation stg.l., resting with raised l. hand on
sceptre; in pediment shield(?); trees in the background.
ref.: a) AMNG I/1, 1982, pl. III, 26 (3 ex., Bukarest, Löbbecke, London)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 4070 corr. (writes AVRH but pic shows AVR)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2013) No. 8.26.46.14
rare, F/F+, dark green patina, some roughnesss

Pick: The depiction can show Zeus or more probably Serapis. The l. hand resting on the sceptre speaks for the first interpretation; the position of the r. hand is unclear. But Serapis occurs on a coin of Caracalla (n. 1529) in a similar attitude, and furthermore I think I can see a small kalathos on the head of the figure. Here a somewhat more precise depiction of the sanctuary as usual is intended shown by the trees whose crowns are overtopping the roof.
If it is Zeus who is depicted than it could be Zeus Keraunios, for whom a votiv inscription was found in Nikopolis.
Jochen
collage~1.jpg
Thrace, Deultum Gordian III54 viewsThrace, Deultum

Gordian III 238-244 AD
Ae23 6.8gm

IMP GORDIA-NVS PIVS FEL AVG
Laureate draped bust right

COL-FL-PAC-DEVLT
Temple with decorated roof in perspective; statue within between 4 columns. Raised hand, sceptre and probably calathos on head (serapis)
arizonarobin
mess_phil_demeter.jpg
Thrace, Messembria Philippus II12 viewsThrace, Messembria. Philipp II ( 247-249). AE26, 9.60 gr. Obv. - MAR IOVLIOC FILIPPOC / KAICA / [R] - Confronted busts of Philipp II, draped and cuirassed, bare-headed, r., and Serapis, draped and wearing kalathos, l. Rev. - MECAMBR – IANWN - Demeter, wearing high-girdled double chiton, stg. facing, head l., holding grain- ears in outstretched r. hand and long torch in l. hand. Karayotov 351; Varbanov (engl.) 4283, (bg.) 2684; Moushmov 4034 maxthrax
messembriaPhilipII.jpg
Thrace, Messembria. Philip II AE2620 viewsObv: MAPIOYLIOC PILIPPOC KAISAP. Bare head draped bust of Philip II facing r and bust of Serapis wearing kanlathos facing l.
Rev: MECAMBPIANWN. Nemesis standing l., scales in r., transverse scepter in l., wheel at side.
26.9mm, 9.01g.
Varbanov II 4293
ancientone
049_Gordianus_AE-27-_AMNG-2326_6h_27mm_11,58ga-s.jpg
Thrace, Odessos, 072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Varb-4554v, AE-27, ΟΔHCCΕΙΤΩΝ, Gordian III. and Serapis, Zeus seated left,73 viewsThrace, Odessos, 072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Varb-4554v, AE-27, ΟΔHCCΕΙΤΩΝ, Gordian III. and Serapis, Zeus seated left,
avers:- AVT-K-M-ANTΩNINOC-ΓΟΡΔΙΑΝΟC, Lar., dr. and cuir. bust of Gordian-III r., facing bust of Serapis left, modius on head, cornucopiae to right.
revers:- ΟΔHC-CΕΙΤΩΝ, Zeus seated left, holding patera and sceptre, eagle at foot.
exe: -/-//E, diameter: 27mm, weight: 11,58g, axis:6h,
mint: Thrace, Odessos, date: ?, ref: Varb-4554v-"A"legend" avers ! R3!, AMNG-2326,
Q-001
quadrans
Thrache,_Odessos,_3rd_cent__BC,_AE-20,_Zeus,_ODHSITWN,_Rider,_AP_monogram,_Mushmov-1528,_AMNG_547,_Q-001,_11h,_17,5-20_0mm,_7,62g-s.jpg
Thrace, Odessos, Black Sea Area, (3rd. century B.C.), AMNG I. 547, Mushmov 1528, AE 20, OΔHΣITΩN, Serapis on horseback, riding right,126 viewsThrace, Black Sea Area, Odessos, (3rd. century B.C.), AMNG I. 547, Mushmov 1528, AE 20, OΔHΣITΩN, Serapis on horseback, riding right,
avers: Laureate head of Zeus right.
reverse: OΔHΣITΩN beneath Serapis on horseback, riding right, AP monogram below.
exergue: AP//OΔHΣITΩN, diameter: 17,5-20,0mm, weight: 7,62g, axes: 11h,
mint: Thrace, Black Sea Area, Odessos, date: 3rd. century B.C., ref: AMNG I. 547, Mushmov 1528,
Q-001
quadrans
odessusGeta.jpg
Thrace, Odessos. Geta AE27 57 viewsGeta AE27 of Odessos, Thrace. AY K PO CЄ-PT GETAC, laureate, draped bust right / ODHCCEITWN, Serapis standing left holding patera above altar, & cornucopiae.
ancientone
caracalla_pautalia.jpg
THRACE, PAUTALIA, Æ 28, Serapis standing8 viewsCaracalla, THRACE, PAUTALIA, Æ 28, 17.6g Rev. ΟΥΛΠΙΑC ΠΑΥΤΑΛΙΑC, Serapis standing left raising hand and holding sceptre. Varbanov 5192 var. Podiceps
istros_elagabal_AMNG510var_1.jpg
Thracia, Istros, Elagabal, AMNG 510 var.27 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 31, 15.5g, 30.92mm, 210°
obv. AVT KM AVRH. - ANTWNEINOC
Bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. I - CTR - IH - NWN
Bearded horseman with kalathos and chlamys over back on horse advancing r.; before a small altar,
behind a staff (torch?) with a bird (eagle?) perched on it
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 510 var. (different legend breaks on rev.)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 659 var. (= AMNG 510)
very rare, VF, dark green patina, slight roughness

It seems to be the Thracian Rider with attributs of Serapis.
1 commentsJochen
mesambria_philippII_serapis_Varbanov4276.jpg
Thracia, Mesembria, Philipp II & Serapis, Karayotov 30644 viewsPhilipp II, AD 244-247
AE 27, 10.73g
obv. MAR IOVLIOC FILIPPOC / KAICA / R
Confronted busts of Philip II, r., and Serapis, l.
rev. MEC - AMB - RIANWN (MB and WN ligate)
Apollo Kitharoedes, in long clothes, stg. l., resting l. hand on lyra set on high
narrow column, holding laurel wreath in out stretched r. hand.
ref. Karayotov 306; Varbanov (engl.) 4276 var. (thick column); Moushmov 4030
VF, green patina

The object in Apollo's r. hand is called plektron or branch too!
The same rev. is known for Caracalla (BMC 13), Philip I & Otacilia and Gordian III & Tranquillina (SNG Cop. 663)

Jochen
mesambria_philippII_serapis_Moushmov_4033.jpg
Thracia, Mesembria, Philipp II & Serapis, Karayotov 34051 viewsPhilipp II, AD 244-246
AE 27, 10.35g
obv. AR IOVLIOC FILIPPOC / KAICAR (AR ligated)
confronted busts of Philipp II r. and Serapis l.
rev. MECAM - BR - IANWN (WN ligated)
Athena, draped, Gorgoneion on breastplate, helmeted, stg. l., holding owl in outstretched r. hand, leaning
with l. arm on shield set on pile of three stones, holding transverse spear in l.
arm.
ref. Karayotov 340; Varbanov (engl.) 4281 (same dies); Moushmov 4033
F+/VF
2 commentsJochen
mesambria_philippII_varbanov4280.jpg
Thracia, Mesembria, Philipp II & Serapis, Karayotov 34560 viewsPhilipp II, Caesar AD 244-246
AE 26, 13.3g
obv. M AR IOYLIOC PHILIPPOC / KAICA / R
confronted busts of Philipp II l. and Serapis r.
rev. MECAMB - RIANWN
Athena, with Korinthian helmet, in long Peplos and short Chiton, standing
frontal, head l., holding reversed spear and shield
ref. Karayotov 345; Varbanov (engl.) 4280; Moushmov 4032
nice VF, glossy black-green patina
added to www.wildwinds.com
2 commentsJochen
mesambria_philippII_serapis_Varbanov4283.jpg
Thracia, Mesembria, Philipp II & Serapis, Karayotov 35133 viewsPhilipp II, AD 247-249
obv. MAR IOVLIOC FILIPPOC / KAICA / [R]
Confronted busts of Philipp II, draped and cuirassed, bare-headed, r., and Serapis, draped and wearing kalathos, l.
rev. MECAMBR - IANWN
Demeter, wearing high-girdled double chiton, stg. facing, head l., holding grain-
ears in outstretched r. hand and long torch in l. hand.
ref. Karayotov 351; Varbanov (engl.) 4283; Moushmov 4034
about VF, weak strike l.
Jochen
mesambria_philippII_serapis_Varbanov4284.jpg
Thracia, Mesembria, Philipp II & Serapis, Karayotov 374 (#1)29 viewsPhilipp II, AD 244-246
AE 26, 10.4g
obv. MAR IOVLIOC FILIPPOC / KAICAR (AR ligate)
Confronted busts of Philip I, bare-headed, r., and Serapis, draped and
wearing kalathos, l.
rev. MECA - MBR - IANWN (WN ligate)
Demeter, in long chiton, stg. l., holding in outstretched r. hand patera, and
grasping with l. hand stump of a tree entwined by a snake
ref. Karayotov 374; Varbanov (engl.) 4284
very rare, good F

Pat Lawrence: It should rather be a long torch, probably bad copied by an untalented die-cutter! I think the coin is heavily tooled.
Jochen
mesambria_philippII_serapis_Varbanov4284~0.jpg
Thracia, Mesembria, Philipp II & Serapis, Karayotov 374 (#2)22 viewsPhilipp II, AD 244-246
AE 26, 9.77g, 25.57mm, 210°
obv. MAR IOVLIOC FILIPPOC / KAICAR (AR ligate)
Confronted busts of Philip I, bare-headed, r., and Serapis, draped and
wearing kalathos, l.
rev. MECA - MBR - IANWN (WN ligate)
Demeter, diademed, in long chiton, stg. frontal, head l., holding in outstretched r. hand
patera, and resting with raised l. hand on tree stump entwined by a snake
ref. a) Karayotov 374
b) Varbanov (engl.) 4284
very rare, about VF, black patina
pedigree:
ex CNG Electronic Auction 297, lot 156
Jochen
mesambria_philippII_serapis_Varbanov4297.jpg
Thracia, Mesembria, Philipp II & Serapis, Karayotov 44316 viewsPhilipp II, AD 244-247
AE 26, 10.23g, 25.73mm, 195°
obv. MAR IOVLIOC FILIPPOC
below KAICAR (AR ligate)
rev. MEC - AMB - RIANWN
Tyche, in long chiton and himation, wearing kalathos, stg. l., holding cornucopiae in l. arm and in r. hand
rudder
ref. Karayotov 443; Varbanov (engl.) 4297
F+, stripped
Jochen
mesambria_philippII_serapis_Karayotov_pl_CLI_390-393.jpg
Thracia, Mesembria, Philipp II & Serapis, Karayotov, pl. CLI, 390-39321 viewsPhilip II, AD 247-249
AE 26, 10.54g, 25.73mm, 210°
obv. MAR IOVLIOC FILIPPOC / KAICAR (AR ligate)
Bare head of Philip II r., and bust of Serapis, draped and wearing kalathos, l.
rev. MECAMB - RIANWN (WN ligate)
Demeter in long garment and veiled, stg. l., resting with raised l. hand on long burning torch and holding
in raised r. hand grain-ears and poppy
ref. Karayotov, Coinage of Mesambria, Vol. II, Burgas 2009, pl. CLI, 390-393 (same dies) (thanks to Curtis
Clay); not in Varbanov (engl.)
Jochen
mesambria_philippII_serapis_Varbanov2696.jpg
Thracia, Mesembria, Philipp II & Serapis, Varbanov (bulg.) 269637 viewsPhilipp II, AD 244-249
AE 25, 11.31g
obv. MAR IOULIOC FILIPPOC / KAICAR
confronted busts of Philipp II, bare-headed, r., and Serapis, draped, with
kalathos, l.
rev. MECAM - B - RIANWN
Serapis, in himation and with kalathos, stg. r., head l., holding sceptre in l.
hand and raising r. hand in greeting attitude
ref. Varbanov II (Bulg. ed.), 2696; SNG Italia VI 458 (Pat Lawrence)
VF, dark green patina, nice details (f.e. decoration on obv. kalathos!)

Jochen
AMNG_400_238-244_Gordianus_III__01.jpg
Thracia_Dionysopolis_Gordianus_III_AMNG 400 018 viewsGordianus III. and Serapis
AE, Thracia, Dionysopolis
Struck: 238-244 / 27 mm / 13,36 g

Av: M ANT M ΓOPΔIANOC AVΓ / AVT K
Confronted busts of Gordianus on left, laureate, draped and cuirassed, and Serapis on right, draped and wearing kalathos

Rv: ΔIONYCOΠ-OΛEITΩN
Homonoia standing left, wearing kalathos, holding patera and cornucopiae

In left field: E

Reference: AMNG 400
Andicz
AMNG_400_238-244_Gordianus_III__02.jpg
Thracia_Dionysopolis_Gordianus_III_AMNG 400 028 viewsGordianus III. and Serapis
AE, Thracia, Dionysopolis
Struck: 238-244 / 27-28 mm / 14,39 g

Av: M ANT M ΓOPΔIANOC AVΓ / AVT K
Confronted busts of Gordianus on left, laureate, draped and cuirassed, and Serapis on right, draped and wearing kalathos

Rv: ΔIONYCOΠ-OΛEITΩN
Homonoia standing left, wearing kalathos, holding patera and cornucopiae

In left field: E

Reference: AMNG 400
Andicz
Moushmov_4030_244-249_Philippus_II.jpg
Thracia_Mesembria_Philippus_II_Moushmov 40306 viewsPhilippus II. and Serapis
AE, Thracia, Mesembria
Struck: 244-247 / 25-26,5 mm / 11,51 g

Av: MAP IOVΛIOC ΦIΛIΠΠO-C / KAICA/P
Head of Philippus II. right, facing draped bust of Serapis left, wearing kalathos

Rv: MECAMBP-IANΩN
Apollo Musagetes standing facing, head left, holding plectrum in right hand, left hand resting on lyra standing on a column

Reference: Moushmov 4030
Andicz
Moushmov_4037_244-249_Philippus_II.jpg
Thracia_Mesembria_Philippus_II_Moushmov 40379 viewsPhilippus II. and Serapis
AE, Thracia, Mesembria
Struck: 244-247 / 24-25 mm / 9,44 g

Av: MAP IOVΛIOC ΦIΛIΠΠOC / KAICAP
Head of Philippus II. right, facing draped bust of Serapis left, wearing kalathos

Rv: MECA-MBP-IANΩN
Demeter standing left, holding patera and branch of tree, the trunk of which has a serpent coiled around it

Reference: Moushmov 4037
Andicz
Moushmov_4039_244-249_Philippus_II.jpg
Thracia_Mesembria_Philippus_II_Moushmov 40396 viewsPhilippus II. and Serapis
AE, Thracia, Mesembria
Struck: 244-247 / 27 mm / 12,46 g

Av: MAP IOVΛIOC ΦIΛIΠΠOC / KAICAP
Head of Philippus II. right, facing draped bust of Serapis left, wearing kalathos

Rv: MEC-AMB-PIANΩN
Homonoia standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae

Reference: Moushmov 4039
Andicz
Moushmov_4042_244-249_Philippus_II.jpg
Thracia_Mesembria_Philippus_II_Moushmov 40425 viewsPhilippus II. and Serapis
AE, Thracia, Mesembria
Struck: 244-247 / 25-26 mm / 12,35 g

Av: MAP IOVΛIOC ΦIΛIΠΠOC / KAICAP
Head of Philippus II. right, facing draped bust of Serapis left, wearing kalathos

Rv: MECAM-B-P-IANΩN
Serapis standing left, wearing kalathos, holding sceptre, raising right hand

Reference: Moushmov 4042
Andicz
Thyateria.jpg
Thyateira - AE10 viewsc. 2nd century AD
draped bust of Serapis right wearing kalathos
Isis standing left holding sistrum and scepter
ΘVAT_EI_ΡHNΩN
BMC, Lydia, p. 301.53; SNG Aulock, 8274; SNG Glasgow, 1361; SNRIS Thyatira 05; BMC 53; SNG Leypold 1268
ex Gorny & Mosch
ex Laurent Bricault collection
ex Rauch
wildwinds plate coin
Johny SYSEL
Titustet.jpg
Titus Tetradrachm205 viewsSilver tetradrachm

AYTOK TITOY KAIΣO YEΣΠAΣIANOY ΣEB
laureate head of Titus right

ΣAPAΠIΣ
bust of Serapis right, wearing taenia, modius on head ornamented with branches of laurel, date LB (year 2) right

Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 79 - 28 Aug 80 A.D
12.254g, 25.4mm

Milne 456 - 457; Geissen 319; Dattari 426; cf. BMC Alexandria p. 34, 281 (year 3); Emmett 235

Ex-Forum

2011 Forum Best of Type winner

This is the Wildwinds example

Ptolemy Soter, wanting to integrate Egyptian religion with that of their Hellenic rulers, by promoted worship of Serapis as a deity that would win the reverence of both groups alike. This was despite the curses of the Egyptian priests against the gods of previous foreign rulers (i.e Set who was lauded by the Hyksos). Alexander the Great had attempted to use Amun for this purpose, but Amum was more prominent in Upper Egypt, and not as popular in Lower Egypt, where the Greeks had stronger influence. The Greeks had little respect for animal-headed figures, and so an anthropomorphic statue was chosen as the idol, and proclaimed as the equivalent of the highly popular Apis. It was named Aser-hapi (i.e. Osiris-Apis), which became Serapis, and was said to be Osiris in full, rather than just his Ka (life force). Ptolemy's efforts were successful - in time Serapis was held by the Egyptians in the highest reverence above all other deities, and he was adored in Athens and other Greek cities.
7 commentsJay GT4
coin357.JPG
Tomis, Thrace; Gordian & Tranquillina 15 viewsTomis , Gordian & Tranquillina Æ 27mm

OBVERSE: Laureate and draped bust of Gordian facing diademed and draped bust of Tranquillina

REVERSE: Serapis standing, with right raised hand, holding in left hand spear across
ecoli
Trebonianus_Gallus_Serapis.jpg
Trebonianus Gallus - Alexandria9 viewsBI tetradrachm
29 Aug 252 - Aug 253 AD
laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
A K Γ OVIB TREB ΓAΛΛOC EVCEB
Serapis standing half left wearing kalathos, holding scepter and extending hand
L_Γ
RPC IX, 2308.; Milne 3852; Vagi 2240, Dattari 5118, Geissen 2839.
11,3g
ex Gorny & Mosch
Laurent Bricault collection
Johny SYSEL
Sarapis1.JPG
Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.35 viewsStatue of Serapis.
Photograph by Will Hooton
Joe Sermarini
imgonline-com-ua-twotoone-FoVTANMmEFe7O1M-Julian_II_the_apostate.jpg
ulian II (Augustus) Coin: Bronze Double Maiorina5 viewsD N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG - Pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust of Julian right
SECVRITAS REIPVB - Apis bull standing right, two stars above horns
Exergue:



Mint: Sirmium (361-363AD)
Wt./Size/Axis: 7.95g / 28mm / 360
References:
RIC VIII 106
Acquisition/Sale: xcelatorx Ebay $0.00 7/17
Notes: Oct 13, 18 - The Gary R. Wilson Collection

While the coinage of Julian is most remarkable for its depiction of the Apis bull, historians are uncertain of what the emperor actually intended to portray through this coinage. Was it an effort to link the emperor to the mysterious power of the bull common amongst the Egyptians? Was it an attempt to portray the ritual sacrifice of bulls that Julian re-instated after decades of Christian-sympathizing rule? Or was it something else, perhaps a representation of the astrological sign Taurus? The chronicler Ammianus Marcellinus is the primary source on Julian's reign and unfortunately never commented on the coinage, whilst mostly praising Julian's actions, personality, and character. [1]

More on the Apis Bull:

The Apis bull was an important sacred animal to the ancient Egyptians. As with the other sacred beasts Apis' importance increased over the centuries. During colonization of the conquered Egypt, Greek and Roman authors had much to say about Apis, the markings by which the black calf was recognized, the manner of his conception by a ray from heaven, his house at Memphis (with a court for his deportment), the mode of prognostication from his actions, his death, the mourning at his death, his costly burial, and the rejoicings throughout the country when a new Apis was found. Auguste Mariette's excavation of the Serapeum of Saqqara revealed the tombs of more than sixty animals, ranging from the time of Amenhotep III to that of the Ptolemaic dynasty. Originally, each animal was buried in a separate tomb with a chapel built above it.

According to Arrian, Apis was one of the Egyptian deities Alexander the Great propitiated by offering a sacrifice during his seizure of Ancient Egypt from the Persians. After Alexander's death, his general Ptolemy I Soter made efforts to integrate Egyptian religion with that of the new Hellenic rulers. Ptolemy's policy was to find a deity that might win the reverence of both groups, despite the curses of the Egyptian religious leaders against the deities of the previous foreign rulers (i.e. Set, lauded by the Hyksos). Without success, Alexander had attempted to use Amun for this purpose, but that deity was more prominent in Upper Egypt and not for those in Lower Egypt, where the Greeks had stronger influence. Since the Greeks had little respect for animal-headed deities, a Greek statue was created as an idol and proclaimed as an anthropomorphic equivalent of the highly popular Apis. It was named Aser-hapi (i.e. Osiris-Apis), which became Serapis, and later was said to represent Osiris fully, rather than just his Ka.

The earliest mention of a Serapis is in the authentic death scene of Alexander, from the royal diaries. Here, Serapis has a temple at Babylon, and is of such importance that he alone is named as being consulted on behalf of the dying Alexander. The presence of this temple in Babylon radically altered perceptions of the mythologies of this era, although it has been discovered that the unconnected Babylonian deity Ea was entitled Serapsi, meaning king of the deep, and it is Serapsi who is referred to in the diaries, not Serapis. The significance of this Serapsi in the Hellenic psyche, however, due to its involvement in Alexander's death, also may have contributed to the choice of Osiris-Apis as the chief Ptolemaic deity during their occupation of Ancient Egypt.

According to Plutarch, Ptolemy stole the statue from Sinope, having been instructed in a dream by the Unknown God to bring the statue to Alexandria, where the statue was pronounced to be "Serapis" by two religious experts. Among those experts was one of the Eumolpidae, the ancient family from which the hierophant of the Eleusinian Mysteries traditionally had been chosen since before any historical records. The other expert supposedly was the scholarly Egyptian priest Manetho, which increased acceptability from both the Egyptians and the Greeks.

Plutarch may not be correct, however, as some Egyptologists assert that the Sinope in Plutarch's report is the hill of Sinopeion, a name given to the site of an existing Serapeum at Memphis. Also, according to Tacitus, Serapis (i.e. Apis explicitly identified as Osiris in full) had been the tutelary deity of the village of Rhacotis, before it suddenly expanded into the great capital of "Alexandria".

Being introduced by the Greeks, understandably, the statue depicted a fully human figure resembling Hades or Pluto, both being kings of the Greek underworld. The figure was enthroned with the modius, which is a basket or a grain-measure, on his head, a Greek symbol for the land of the dead. He also held a sceptre, indicating rulership, and Cerberus, gatekeeper of the underworld, rested at his feet. It also had what appeared to be a serpent at its base, fitting the Egyptian symbol of sovereignty, the uraeus.

With his (i.e., Osiris') wife, Isis, and their son (at this point in history) Horus (in the form of Harpocrates), Serapis won an important place in the Greek world, reaching Ancient Rome, with Anubis being identified as Cerberus. The cult survived until 385, when Christians destroyed the Serapeum of Alexandria, and subsequently, the cult was forbidden by the Edict of Thessalonica.[2]

[1] Lewis, Will. Taking the Bull by the Horns, Ancient World Magazine, March 16, 2018
[2] The Apis Bull, Wikipedia online encyclopedia
Gary W2
433c.jpg
varb162520 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K [M AVPH ANTΩNEI]NOC IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ ANT CEΛEVKOV MAPKIANOΠO →ΛITΩN, Hades-Serapis enthroned left holding scepter, right hand extended towards 3 headed dog, Kerberos.
26 mm, 10.72 gms

Varbanov 1625
Charles M
varbanov_serapis_markianopolis_phantasie.jpg
Varbanov & Serapis, Markianopolis, Varbanov 1970 cf., fantasy issue181 viewsAE 26, 9.94g
obv. AVT KM ANT VARBANOV - AVG
Confronting busts of Ivan Varbanov and Serapis
rev. VP MHNOFILOV MARKIANOPOLITWN.
Cityscape of Markianopolis with walls and 13 towers, temple and altar in enclosure.
ref. cf. Varbanov (engl.) 1970 (for the original only!)

This is a fantasy issue of Ivan Varbanov from his friend Slavey Petrov.
2 commentsJochen
CIIGRICV197unlistedvar.jpg
[1114a] Claudius II Gothicus, September 268 - August or September 270 A.D.58 viewsSilvered antoninianus, RIC V 197 var (pellet in exergue), aEF, 3.880g, 21.1mm, 0o, Antioch mint, 268 - 270 A.D.; Obverse: IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; Reverse: AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing left, scales in right, cornucopia in left, • in exergue; full silvering, bold strike, excellent centering and eastern style, rare this nice; rare variety. Ex FORVM.


De Imperatoribus Romanis
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Claudius II Gothicus (268-270)

Richard D. Weigel
Western Kentucky University

M. Aurelius Claudius, known to history as Claudius Gothicus or Claudius II, was born in either Dalmatia or Illyria on May 10, probably in A.D. 213 or 214. Although the most substantive source on Claudius is the biography in the Scriptores Historiae Augustae (SHA), this account is riddled with fabrications and slanted with fawning praise for this particular emperor, who in the fourth century was viewed as an ancestor of Constantine's father and thus of the ruling imperial family. This biography, attributed to one Trebellius Pollio, must be read with extreme caution and supplemented with information from other sources, including Aurelius Victor, the Epitome de Caesaribus, Eutropius, Orosius, Zonaras, and Zosimus, as well as coins and inscriptions.

The SHA account describes Claudius as being tall, with fiery eyes, and so strong that he could knock out the teeth of man or beast with one punch. It also says that Trajan Decius rewarded him after Claudius demonstrated his strength while wrestling another soldier in the Campus Martius. The SHA author suggests that Claudius may have been descended from the Trojan King Ilus and even from Dardanus, son of Zeus and ancestor of the Trojan royal family, but these suggestions are very likely fabricated to further ennoble Claudius and his putative descendants, the family of Constantine. The SHA biography also includes false letters attributed to the emperors Trajan Decius, Valerian, and Gallienus, all attesting to their high opinions of Claudius. Reference is made in these letters to Claudius' service as tribune in an otherwise unattested legion V Martialis and also as general in command of Illyria, but these positions may also be fictitious. One can assume that Claudius had served for some time in the army, at least under Gallienus and perhaps also under several earlier emperors.

There is some evidence that Claudius was wounded in Gallienus' campaign to put down the revolt of Ingenuus and that he later served with Aureolus under Gallienus in the war with Postumus. By 268, when Gallienus took his troops into Italy to put down Aureolus' revolt, Claudius had emerged as heir-apparent to Gallienus and may also have been involved in the plot to assassinate the emperor. Aurelius Victor says that when Gallienus was killed by his own troops besieging Aureolus in Milan, Claudius as tribune was commanding the soldiers stationed at Ticinum, some twenty miles to the south, and that prior to dying Gallienus designated Claudius as his heir. Victor goes on to claim that after succeeding to the purple Claudius forced the Senate to deify Gallienus. The SHA account states that the soldiers mutinied after Gallienus' death and had to be quieted with a donative of twenty aurei each before settling down and accepting their new emperor. Once in power, Claudius quickly dealt with Aureolus, who surrendered and was killed almost immediately. The new emperor also demanded clemency for the supporters of Gallienus.

The story of Gallienus' deathbed selection of his successor is doubtful at best and is very likely an attempt to deflect blame for the assassination plot from Claudius. The suggestion that the new emperor pressured the Senate to deify Gallienus is more difficult to assess. It is true that securing divine status for one's predecessor is generally seen as a pious act (e.g. Antoninus Pius requesting deification of Hadrian) that reflects positively on the initiator and the story, recorded only in Aurelius Victor, could just be a fabrication used to build up Claudius' moral reputation. What is difficult to penetrate is the biased condemnation of Gallienus that particularly dominates the Latin sources. They make it hard to see why anyone would want to deify Gallienus and so the story seems out of place. However, deification of a predecessor could also be interpreted as the expected thing to do and the act could have fostered legitimacy of the new emperor and gained support from those who were still loyal to Gallienus so it may well have taken place.

The first major challenge facing the new emperor was that of the Alemanni, who had invaded Raetia and Italy. After an early defeat, Claudius replaced some irresponsible officers and soldiers, designated Aurelian as cavalry commander, and led the army to a decisive victory over the Alemanni. This victory earned Claudius the title of Germanicus Maximus and several of his coin-types appear to refer to victory over the Germans.

In 269 Claudius served as consul with Paternus. This year would also feature his major campaign against the Goths. There are indications that Spain separated itself from the Gallo-Roman Empire of Postumus and Tetricus and recognized Claudius, at least nominally, as emperor. In addition, rebellion within Gaul itself demonstrated the weakening of this independent state, although Claudius avoided engagement at Augustodunum and chose only to send a small force to protect Narbonese Gaul. While Claudius concentrated on protecting Roman territory against the Alemanni and Goths, Zenobia extended her Palmyrene Empire by taking Antioch, parts of Asia Minor, and most of Egypt. Although Eusebius and Sulpicius Severus portray the period between the reign of Valerian and that of Diocletian as a peaceful pause in the persecution of Christians, the Acts of the Martyrs does list some individuals allegedly martyred during Claudius II's reign.

The coins issued by Claudius II provide some limited insight into his reign. In addition to the standard "personified virtues" coins that are common with most emperors of the second and third centuries, Claudius struck coin-types proclaiming the security of the Empire (SECVRITAS PERPETVA and PAX AETERNA), the fidelity of the army (FIDES MILITVM), and military victories over the Germans and Goths (VICTORIA GERMAN and VICTORIAE GOTHIC). In addition, Claudius Gothicus' mints struck some other interesting and unusual coin-types. For example, Claudius is one of very few emperors who issued coins portraying the god Vulcan. These must have been limited issues because they are struck only by the Antioch mint and are very rare. The type shows Vulcan standing, with his special tools, the hammer and tongs, and features the unique inscription REGI ARTIS. A variant type with a similar image has been described as carrying another unique coin inscription, DEO CABIRO, and interpreted as depicting one of Vulcan's sons, the Cabiri, with the same tools. However, the existence of this variant type is doubtful. Although the reason for honoring Vulcan (and his sons?) with these coins is unclear, there may be a connection to the fact that the Cabiri were patron gods of Thessalonica who had protected that city against an attack by the Goths. Although a connection between Claudius Gothicus and the Cabiri as defenders against Gothic attacks is relatively attractive, it is weakened somewhat by the fact that Valerian and Gallienus had also issued coins with Vulcan in a temple so there may be some other reason for his reappearance on coins in this period.

Claudius II issued an unusual and scarce series of coins that features a pair of deities, who are presumably conservatores Augusti, on each reverse. The AETER AVG type depicts Apollo and Diana, who, as gods of the sun and moon, are associated with the concept of aeternitas. A type featuring Serapis and Isis is combined with a CONSER AVG inscription and one of Hercules and Minerva with one of CONSERVATORES AVG. Apollo and Diana are depicted with a SALVS AVG inscription, Aesculapius and Salus with one of SPES PVBLIC, and Vulcan and Minerva with VIRT AVG. The general message is that these deities will protect the future of the empire and the emperor.

Other unusual coin-types include MARS VLTOR, the god Augustus had honored with a temple for securing revenge for Caesar's assassination. This deity had appeared on Roman coins in the reigns of Galba and Severus Alexander. Claudius II also minted coins with rarely-seen NEPTVN AVG [see this reverse type in my collection] and SOL AVG types. The latter coin indicates some early interest in the god who would become so dominant a few years later on the coins of Aurelian, yet Claudius also used the INVICTVS AVG inscription that Gallienus had paired with an image of Sol with one of Hercules. ROMAE AETERNAE coin-types were fairly common in the mid-third century, but Claudius II issued an unusual variant type on an aureus that showed the goddess in her temple and echoed the SAECVLVM NOVVM images associated with Philip I. In addition, Claudius introduced a IOVI VICTORI reverse combined with the image normally paired with a IOVI STATORI inscription and a IOVI FVLGERAT reverse inscription, both of which had not been used by any of his predecessors. Andreas Alföldi suggested that Claudius' GENIVS SENATVS type signified improvement of the relationship between emperor and Senate following the senatorial hostility toward Gallienus.

Claudius Gothicus also produced coin-types with reverses of goddesses customarily found paired on coins with images of the Roman empresses. The deities portrayed include Ceres, Diana, Diana Lucifera, and Diana Victrix, Minerva, Venus, and the goddess naturally associated with the image of an empress, Juno Regina. One might suggest that Claudius issued these images because he had no empress with which to pair them, but an examination of other emperors' reigns during this period reveals that those emperors who did not issue coins bearing the empress' image also did not strike these particular goddess types. Although Ceres and Venus images are sometimes paired with an emperor's portrait, Diana Lucifera is rarely found on emperors' coins and Claudius II is the only emperor paired on coins with Juno Regina. In addition, Claudius was the first emperor to issue imperial coins that featured an isolated image of the exotic Egyptian goddess, Isis Faria.

Claudius II's short reign was vulnerable to internal as well as external attack. There may have been a revolt in 269-270 led by a Censorinus, although the date and even the existence of this usurper remain in doubt. The SHA includes him as the last of the "thirty tyrants" and lists a whole series of offices for him, including two consulships, but no other record exists to confirm such service. The SHA account states that he was proclaimed emperor by his soldiers, but soon afterwards killed by them because of his enforcement of strict discipline. His tomb is listed as being in Bologna, which may provide some idea of the location for the revolt. Henry Cohen dates the revolt to the beginning of the year 270, perhaps on the basis of a reference in the Epitome de Caesaribus, but suggests that coins attributed to Censorinus in earlier works may not exist.

The Gothic challenge in 269 proved to be the greatest that Claudius II would face. The Goths assembled a large invading force, reportedly amounting to 320,000 men transported on a fleet of at least 2,000 ships, and first attacked coastal cities along the Black Sea in Moesia. After passing into the Aegean the Goths besieged Thessalonica. At this point, in 269, Claudius left Rome to stop the invasion. The Goths then sent the larger segment of their troops on land toward the Danube, while the fleet took the remaining group to continue the naval attack on Aegean coastal cities. Claudius sent Aurelian's cavalry to Macedonia to protect Illyria from attack, while he commanded the forces blocking the route to the Danube. In the area of Doberus and Pelagonia, the Goths lost 3,000 men to Aurelian's cavalry. At Naissus in Moesia, Claudius' force succeeded in killing some 50,000 Goths. There were follow-up operations on both land and sea, but the Gothic War had essentially been won. Staving off the attacks of the Goths was a major contribution to the survival of the Roman Empire. It was a significant step leading to the subsequent success of Aurelian and the resurrection of the Empire under Diocletian and Constantine. When the Goths eventually succeeded in taking parts of the western Empire in the fifth century, their disruption to the course of civilization was likely much less violent than it would have been had they succeeded in the third century.

In addition to bad weather, a lack of supplies, and hunger, plague was a major factor in the defeat of the Goths. Many of the Gothic prisoners were either impressed into Roman military service or settled on farms as coloni. Claudius received the title Gothicus in recognition of his triumph over the Goths. At some point he had also been given the title Parthicus, but the unlikelihood of any conflict with the Parthians in his short reign makes this difficult to explain. Perhaps Damerau was correct in his suggestion that a Parthian unit may have been involved in one of the battles with the Palmyrenes, although on this front there were few achievements to claim. In any case, Claudius' victory over the Goths was short-lived. The emperor himself caught the plague and died at Sirmium early in 270. He was 56 years old. Claudius' brother, Quintillus, became emperor briefly before losing out to Aurelian. Claudius also had another brother, Crispus, and the SHA traces the link to Constantius through Crispus' daughter Claudia.

The Roman Senate showed its respect for Claudius Gothicus by setting up a gold portrait-shield in the Curia and by approving his deification. He was also honored with a golden statue in front of the great temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus and a silver statue set on a column on the Rostra.

In many ways, Claudius II received more adulation and honor in his Nachleben than he had during his lifetime. In the fourth century, attempts to link Constantine's family to Claudius resulted in the phrases of adoration and outright fabrication that dominate the SHA life and most of our other sources. Constantine even issued commemorative coins honoring Claudius. These carried inscriptions such as: DIVO CLAVDIO OPT[IMO] IMP[ERATORI], MEMORIAE AETERNAE, and REQVIES OPT[IMORVM] ME[RITORVM]. A tradition grew that changed the story of Claudius' death in some sources. In this version, Claudius, instead of dying from the plague, had actually performed a devotion, in response to an oracle found in the Sibylline Books, and sacrificed his life so that Rome could win the Gothic War. One of the most surprising things about the SHA account is that it ignores this more dramatic tradition and has Claudius simply dying from the plague.

One must, of course, reject the excessive claims of the SHA to the effect that Claudius II was "destined to rule for the good of the human race" and would, had he lived longer, "…by his strength, his counsel, and his foresight have restored to us the Scipios, the Camilli, and all those men of old." However, Claudius Gothicus was clearly a good emperor who made a significant contribution to protecting and restoring the Empire. In the third century there aren't too many emperors who merit such an assessment.

Copyright (C) 2001, Richard D. Weigel. Used by permission.
http://www.roman-emperors.org/claudgot.htm


Claudius II Gothicus was born in Illyricum around 215 A.D. Under Valerian and Gallienus he was recognized as a superb general. After the murder of Gallienus, Claudius Gothicus was proclaimed emperor and preceded to crush the Alemani tribe who had invaded Roman territory. Soon after an enormous horde of Goths poured into the empire. Against all advice, Claudius confronted the barbarians at Naissus in Upper Moesia. He fought a brilliant battle and annihilated them. Unfortunately for the empire, he died of plague after a reign of only two years (Joseph Sermarini, FORVM;
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/catalog/roman-and-greek-coins.asp?vpar=741&pos=0#Recovery%20of%20the%20Empire%20Coins).

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
CIIGRICV214.jpg
[1114b] Claudius II Gothicus, September 268 - August or September 270 A.D.53 viewsBronze antoninianus, RIC V 214, VF, 2.930g, 20.3mm, 180o, Antioch mint; Obverse: IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate bust right; Reverse: NEPTVN AVG, Neptune standing left, dolphin in right, trident in left hand, • in exergue; excellent centering. Ex FORVM.


De Imperatoribus Romanis
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Claudius II Gothicus (268-270)

Richard D. Weigel
Western Kentucky University

M. Aurelius Claudius, known to history as Claudius Gothicus or Claudius II, was born in either Dalmatia or Illyria on May 10, probably in A.D. 213 or 214. Although the most substantive source on Claudius is the biography in the Scriptores Historiae Augustae (SHA), this account is riddled with fabrications and slanted with fawning praise for this particular emperor, who in the fourth century was viewed as an ancestor of Constantine's father and thus of the ruling imperial family. This biography, attributed to one Trebellius Pollio, must be read with extreme caution and supplemented with information from other sources, including Aurelius Victor, the Epitome de Caesaribus, Eutropius, Orosius, Zonaras, and Zosimus, as well as coins and inscriptions.

The SHA account describes Claudius as being tall, with fiery eyes, and so strong that he could knock out the teeth of man or beast with one punch. It also says that Trajan Decius rewarded him after Claudius demonstrated his strength while wrestling another soldier in the Campus Martius. The SHA author suggests that Claudius may have been descended from the Trojan King Ilus and even from Dardanus, son of Zeus and ancestor of the Trojan royal family, but these suggestions are very likely fabricated to further ennoble Claudius and his putative descendants, the family of Constantine. The SHA biography also includes false letters attributed to the emperors Trajan Decius, Valerian, and Gallienus, all attesting to their high opinions of Claudius. Reference is made in these letters to Claudius' service as tribune in an otherwise unattested legion V Martialis and also as general in command of Illyria, but these positions may also be fictitious. One can assume that Claudius had served for some time in the army, at least under Gallienus and perhaps also under several earlier emperors.

There is some evidence that Claudius was wounded in Gallienus' campaign to put down the revolt of Ingenuus and that he later served with Aureolus under Gallienus in the war with Postumus. By 268, when Gallienus took his troops into Italy to put down Aureolus' revolt, Claudius had emerged as heir-apparent to Gallienus and may also have been involved in the plot to assassinate the emperor. Aurelius Victor says that when Gallienus was killed by his own troops besieging Aureolus in Milan, Claudius as tribune was commanding the soldiers stationed at Ticinum, some twenty miles to the south, and that prior to dying Gallienus designated Claudius as his heir. Victor goes on to claim that after succeeding to the purple Claudius forced the Senate to deify Gallienus. The SHA account states that the soldiers mutinied after Gallienus' death and had to be quieted with a donative of twenty aurei each before settling down and accepting their new emperor. Once in power, Claudius quickly dealt with Aureolus, who surrendered and was killed almost immediately. The new emperor also demanded clemency for the supporters of Gallienus.

The story of Gallienus' deathbed selection of his successor is doubtful at best and is very likely an attempt to deflect blame for the assassination plot from Claudius. The suggestion that the new emperor pressured the Senate to deify Gallienus is more difficult to assess. It is true that securing divine status for one's predecessor is generally seen as a pious act (e.g. Antoninus Pius requesting deification of Hadrian) that reflects positively on the initiator and the story, recorded only in Aurelius Victor, could just be a fabrication used to build up Claudius' moral reputation. What is difficult to penetrate is the biased condemnation of Gallienus that particularly dominates the Latin sources. They make it hard to see why anyone would want to deify Gallienus and so the story seems out of place. However, deification of a predecessor could also be interpreted as the expected thing to do and the act could have fostered legitimacy of the new emperor and gained support from those who were still loyal to Gallienus so it may well have taken place.

The first major challenge facing the new emperor was that of the Alemanni, who had invaded Raetia and Italy. After an early defeat, Claudius replaced some irresponsible officers and soldiers, designated Aurelian as cavalry commander, and led the army to a decisive victory over the Alemanni. This victory earned Claudius the title of Germanicus Maximus and several of his coin-types appear to refer to victory over the Germans.

In 269 Claudius served as consul with Paternus. This year would also feature his major campaign against the Goths. There are indications that Spain separated itself from the Gallo-Roman Empire of Postumus and Tetricus and recognized Claudius, at least nominally, as emperor. In addition, rebellion within Gaul itself demonstrated the weakening of this independent state, although Claudius avoided engagement at Augustodunum and chose only to send a small force to protect Narbonese Gaul. While Claudius concentrated on protecting Roman territory against the Alemanni and Goths, Zenobia extended her Palmyrene Empire by taking Antioch, parts of Asia Minor, and most of Egypt. Although Eusebius and Sulpicius Severus portray the period between the reign of Valerian and that of Diocletian as a peaceful pause in the persecution of Christians, the Acts of the Martyrs does list some individuals allegedly martyred during Claudius II's reign.

The coins issued by Claudius II provide some limited insight into his reign. In addition to the standard "personified virtues" coins that are common with most emperors of the second and third centuries, Claudius struck coin-types proclaiming the security of the Empire (SECVRITAS PERPETVA and PAX AETERNA), the fidelity of the army (FIDES MILITVM), and military victories over the Germans and Goths (VICTORIA GERMAN and VICTORIAE GOTHIC). In addition, Claudius Gothicus' mints struck some other interesting and unusual coin-types. For example, Claudius is one of very few emperors who issued coins portraying the god Vulcan. These must have been limited issues because they are struck only by the Antioch mint and are very rare. The type shows Vulcan standing, with his special tools, the hammer and tongs, and features the unique inscription REGI ARTIS. A variant type with a similar image has been described as carrying another unique coin inscription, DEO CABIRO, and interpreted as depicting one of Vulcan's sons, the Cabiri, with the same tools. However, the existence of this variant type is doubtful. Although the reason for honoring Vulcan (and his sons?) with these coins is unclear, there may be a connection to the fact that the Cabiri were patron gods of Thessalonica who had protected that city against an attack by the Goths. Although a connection between Claudius Gothicus and the Cabiri as defenders against Gothic attacks is relatively attractive, it is weakened somewhat by the fact that Valerian and Gallienus had also issued coins with Vulcan in a temple so there may be some other reason for his reappearance on coins in this period.

Claudius II issued an unusual and scarce series of coins that features a pair of deities, who are presumably conservatores Augusti, on each reverse. The AETER AVG type depicts Apollo and Diana, who, as gods of the sun and moon, are associated with the concept of aeternitas. A type featuring Serapis and Isis is combined with a CONSER AVG inscription and one of Hercules and Minerva with one of CONSERVATORES AVG. Apollo and Diana are depicted with a SALVS AVG inscription, Aesculapius and Salus with one of SPES PVBLIC, and Vulcan and Minerva with VIRT AVG. The general message is that these deities will protect the future of the empire and the emperor.

Other unusual coin-types include MARS VLTOR, the god Augustus had honored with a temple for securing revenge for Caesar's assassination. This deity had appeared on Roman coins in the reigns of Galba and Severus Alexander. Claudius II also minted coins with rarely-seen NEPTVN AVG [see this reverse type in my collection] and SOL AVG types. The latter coin indicates some early interest in the god who would become so dominant a few years later on the coins of Aurelian, yet Claudius also used the INVICTVS AVG inscription that Gallienus had paired with an image of Sol with one of Hercules. ROMAE AETERNAE coin-types were fairly common in the mid-third century, but Claudius II issued an unusual variant type on an aureus that showed the goddess in her temple and echoed the SAECVLVM NOVVM images associated with Philip I. In addition, Claudius introduced a IOVI VICTORI reverse combined with the image normally paired with a IOVI STATORI inscription and a IOVI FVLGERAT reverse inscription, both of which had not been used by any of his predecessors. Andreas Alföldi suggested that Claudius' GENIVS SENATVS type signified improvement of the relationship between emperor and Senate following the senatorial hostility toward Gallienus.

Claudius Gothicus also produced coin-types with reverses of goddesses customarily found paired on coins with images of the Roman empresses. The deities portrayed include Ceres, Diana, Diana Lucifera, and Diana Victrix, Minerva, Venus, and the goddess naturally associated with the image of an empress, Juno Regina. One might suggest that Claudius issued these images because he had no empress with which to pair them, but an examination of other emperors' reigns during this period reveals that those emperors who did not issue coins bearing the empress' image also did not strike these particular goddess types. Although Ceres and Venus images are sometimes paired with an emperor's portrait, Diana Lucifera is rarely found on emperors' coins and Claudius II is the only emperor paired on coins with Juno Regina. In addition, Claudius was the first emperor to issue imperial coins that featured an isolated image of the exotic Egyptian goddess, Isis Faria.

Claudius II's short reign was vulnerable to internal as well as external attack. There may have been a revolt in 269-270 led by a Censorinus, although the date and even the existence of this usurper remain in doubt. The SHA includes him as the last of the "thirty tyrants" and lists a whole series of offices for him, including two consulships, but no other record exists to confirm such service. The SHA account states that he was proclaimed emperor by his soldiers, but soon afterwards killed by them because of his enforcement of strict discipline. His tomb is listed as being in Bologna, which may provide some idea of the location for the revolt. Henry Cohen dates the revolt to the beginning of the year 270, perhaps on the basis of a reference in the Epitome de Caesaribus, but suggests that coins attributed to Censorinus in earlier works may not exist.

The Gothic challenge in 269 proved to be the greatest that Claudius II would face. The Goths assembled a large invading force, reportedly amounting to 320,000 men transported on a fleet of at least 2,000 ships, and first attacked coastal cities along the Black Sea in Moesia. After passing into the Aegean the Goths besieged Thessalonica. At this point, in 269, Claudius left Rome to stop the invasion. The Goths then sent the larger segment of their troops on land toward the Danube, while the fleet took the remaining group to continue the naval attack on Aegean coastal cities. Claudius sent Aurelian's cavalry to Macedonia to protect Illyria from attack, while he commanded the forces blocking the route to the Danube. In the area of Doberus and Pelagonia, the Goths lost 3,000 men to Aurelian's cavalry. At Naissus in Moesia, Claudius' force succeeded in killing some 50,000 Goths. There were follow-up operations on both land and sea, but the Gothic War had essentially been won. Staving off the attacks of the Goths was a major contribution to the survival of the Roman Empire. It was a significant step leading to the subsequent success of Aurelian and the resurrection of the Empire under Diocletian and Constantine. When the Goths eventually succeeded in taking parts of the western Empire in the fifth century, their disruption to the course of civilization was likely much less violent than it would have been had they succeeded in the third century.

In addition to bad weather, a lack of supplies, and hunger, plague was a major factor in the defeat of the Goths. Many of the Gothic prisoners were either impressed into Roman military service or settled on farms as coloni. Claudius received the title Gothicus in recognition of his triumph over the Goths. At some point he had also been given the title Parthicus, but the unlikelihood of any conflict with the Parthians in his short reign makes this difficult to explain. Perhaps Damerau was correct in his suggestion that a Parthian unit may have been involved in one of the battles with the Palmyrenes, although on this front there were few achievements to claim. In any case, Claudius' victory over the Goths was short-lived. The emperor himself caught the plague and died at Sirmium early in 270. He was 56 years old. Claudius' brother, Quintillus, became emperor briefly before losing out to Aurelian. Claudius also had another brother, Crispus, and the SHA traces the link to Constantius through Crispus' daughter Claudia.

The Roman Senate showed its respect for Claudius Gothicus by setting up a gold portrait-shield in the Curia and by approving his deification. He was also honored with a golden statue in front of the great temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus and a silver statue set on a column on the Rostra.

In many ways, Claudius II received more adulation and honor in his Nachleben than he had during his lifetime. In the fourth century, attempts to link Constantine's family to Claudius resulted in the phrases of adoration and outright fabrication that dominate the SHA life and most of our other sources. Constantine even issued commemorative coins honoring Claudius. These carried inscriptions such as: DIVO CLAVDIO OPT[IMO] IMP[ERATORI], MEMORIAE AETERNAE, and REQVIES OPT[IMORVM] ME[RITORVM]. A tradition grew that changed the story of Claudius' death in some sources. In this version, Claudius, instead of dying from the plague, had actually performed a devotion, in response to an oracle found in the Sibylline Books, and sacrificed his life so that Rome could win the Gothic War. One of the most surprising things about the SHA account is that it ignores this more dramatic tradition and has Claudius simply dying from the plague.

One must, of course, reject the excessive claims of the SHA to the effect that Claudius II was "destined to rule for the good of the human race" and would, had he lived longer, "…by his strength, his counsel, and his foresight have restored to us the Scipios, the Camilli, and all those men of old." However, Claudius Gothicus was clearly a good emperor who made a significant contribution to protecting and restoring the Empire. In the third century there aren't too many emperors who merit such an assessment.

Copyright (C) 2001, Richard D. Weigel. Used by permission.
http://www.roman-emperors.org/claudgot.htm


Claudius II Gothicus was born in Illyricum around 215 A.D. Under Valerian and Gallienus he was recognized as a superb general. After the murder of Gallienus, Claudius Gothicus was proclaimed emperor and preceded to crush the Alemani tribe who had invaded Roman territory. Soon after an enormous horde of Goths poured into the empire. Against all advice, Claudius confronted the barbarians at Naissus in Upper Moesia. He fought a brilliant battle and annihilated them. Unfortunately for the empire, he died of plague after a reign of only two years (Joseph Sermarini, FORVM;
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/catalog/roman-and-greek-coins.asp?vpar=741&pos=0#Recovery%20of%20the%20Empire%20Coins).

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
ClaudiusIIGothicusRIC34.jpg
[1114c] Claudius II Gothicus, September 268 - August or September 270 A.D.51 viewsAntoninianus. RIC 34. Weight, Size. F. Rome mint. Obverse: IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, Radiate, draped bust right; Reverse: FIDES EXERCI, Fides standing left, holding two standards. Ex Maridvnvm


De Imperatoribus Romanis
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Claudius II Gothicus (268-270)

Richard D. Weigel
Western Kentucky University

M. Aurelius Claudius, known to history as Claudius Gothicus or Claudius II, was born in either Dalmatia or Illyria on May 10, probably in A.D. 213 or 214. Although the most substantive source on Claudius is the biography in the Scriptores Historiae Augustae (SHA), this account is riddled with fabrications and slanted with fawning praise for this particular emperor, who in the fourth century was viewed as an ancestor of Constantine's father and thus of the ruling imperial family. This biography, attributed to one Trebellius Pollio, must be read with extreme caution and supplemented with information from other sources, including Aurelius Victor, the Epitome de Caesaribus, Eutropius, Orosius, Zonaras, and Zosimus, as well as coins and inscriptions.

The SHA account describes Claudius as being tall, with fiery eyes, and so strong that he could knock out the teeth of man or beast with one punch. It also says that Trajan Decius rewarded him after Claudius demonstrated his strength while wrestling another soldier in the Campus Martius. The SHA author suggests that Claudius may have been descended from the Trojan King Ilus and even from Dardanus, son of Zeus and ancestor of the Trojan royal family, but these suggestions are very likely fabricated to further ennoble Claudius and his putative descendants, the family of Constantine. The SHA biography also includes false letters attributed to the emperors Trajan Decius, Valerian, and Gallienus, all attesting to their high opinions of Claudius. Reference is made in these letters to Claudius' service as tribune in an otherwise unattested legion V Martialis and also as general in command of Illyria, but these positions may also be fictitious. One can assume that Claudius had served for some time in the army, at least under Gallienus and perhaps also under several earlier emperors.

There is some evidence that Claudius was wounded in Gallienus' campaign to put down the revolt of Ingenuus and that he later served with Aureolus under Gallienus in the war with Postumus. By 268, when Gallienus took his troops into Italy to put down Aureolus' revolt, Claudius had emerged as heir-apparent to Gallienus and may also have been involved in the plot to assassinate the emperor. Aurelius Victor says that when Gallienus was killed by his own troops besieging Aureolus in Milan, Claudius as tribune was commanding the soldiers stationed at Ticinum, some twenty miles to the south, and that prior to dying Gallienus designated Claudius as his heir. Victor goes on to claim that after succeeding to the purple Claudius forced the Senate to deify Gallienus. The SHA account states that the soldiers mutinied after Gallienus' death and had to be quieted with a donative of twenty aurei each before settling down and accepting their new emperor. Once in power, Claudius quickly dealt with Aureolus, who surrendered and was killed almost immediately. The new emperor also demanded clemency for the supporters of Gallienus.

The story of Gallienus' deathbed selection of his successor is doubtful at best and is very likely an attempt to deflect blame for the assassination plot from Claudius. The suggestion that the new emperor pressured the Senate to deify Gallienus is more difficult to assess. It is true that securing divine status for one's predecessor is generally seen as a pious act (e.g. Antoninus Pius requesting deification of Hadrian) that reflects positively on the initiator and the story, recorded only in Aurelius Victor, could just be a fabrication used to build up Claudius' moral reputation. What is difficult to penetrate is the biased condemnation of Gallienus that particularly dominates the Latin sources. They make it hard to see why anyone would want to deify Gallienus and so the story seems out of place. However, deification of a predecessor could also be interpreted as the expected thing to do and the act could have fostered legitimacy of the new emperor and gained support from those who were still loyal to Gallienus so it may well have taken place.

The first major challenge facing the new emperor was that of the Alemanni, who had invaded Raetia and Italy. After an early defeat, Claudius replaced some irresponsible officers and soldiers, designated Aurelian as cavalry commander, and led the army to a decisive victory over the Alemanni. This victory earned Claudius the title of Germanicus Maximus and several of his coin-types appear to refer to victory over the Germans.

In 269 Claudius served as consul with Paternus. This year would also feature his major campaign against the Goths. There are indications that Spain separated itself from the Gallo-Roman Empire of Postumus and Tetricus and recognized Claudius, at least nominally, as emperor. In addition, rebellion within Gaul itself demonstrated the weakening of this independent state, although Claudius avoided engagement at Augustodunum and chose only to send a small force to protect Narbonese Gaul. While Claudius concentrated on protecting Roman territory against the Alemanni and Goths, Zenobia extended her Palmyrene Empire by taking Antioch, parts of Asia Minor, and most of Egypt. Although Eusebius and Sulpicius Severus portray the period between the reign of Valerian and that of Diocletian as a peaceful pause in the persecution of Christians, the Acts of the Martyrs does list some individuals allegedly martyred during Claudius II's reign.

The coins issued by Claudius II provide some limited insight into his reign. In addition to the standard "personified virtues" coins that are common with most emperors of the second and third centuries, Claudius struck coin-types proclaiming the security of the Empire (SECVRITAS PERPETVA and PAX AETERNA), the fidelity of the army (FIDES MILITVM), and military victories over the Germans and Goths (VICTORIA GERMAN and VICTORIAE GOTHIC). In addition, Claudius Gothicus' mints struck some other interesting and unusual coin-types. For example, Claudius is one of very few emperors who issued coins portraying the god Vulcan. These must have been limited issues because they are struck only by the Antioch mint and are very rare. The type shows Vulcan standing, with his special tools, the hammer and tongs, and features the unique inscription REGI ARTIS. A variant type with a similar image has been described as carrying another unique coin inscription, DEO CABIRO, and interpreted as depicting one of Vulcan's sons, the Cabiri, with the same tools. However, the existence of this variant type is doubtful. Although the reason for honoring Vulcan (and his sons?) with these coins is unclear, there may be a connection to the fact that the Cabiri were patron gods of Thessalonica who had protected that city against an attack by the Goths. Although a connection between Claudius Gothicus and the Cabiri as defenders against Gothic attacks is relatively attractive, it is weakened somewhat by the fact that Valerian and Gallienus had also issued coins with Vulcan in a temple so there may be some other reason for his reappearance on coins in this period.

Claudius II issued an unusual and scarce series of coins that features a pair of deities, who are presumably conservatores Augusti, on each reverse. The AETER AVG type depicts Apollo and Diana, who, as gods of the sun and moon, are associated with the concept of aeternitas. A type featuring Serapis and Isis is combined with a CONSER AVG inscription and one of Hercules and Minerva with one of CONSERVATORES AVG. Apollo and Diana are depicted with a SALVS AVG inscription, Aesculapius and Salus with one of SPES PVBLIC, and Vulcan and Minerva with VIRT AVG. The general message is that these deities will protect the future of the empire and the emperor.

Other unusual coin-types include MARS VLTOR, the god Augustus had honored with a temple for securing revenge for Caesar's assassination. This deity had appeared on Roman coins in the reigns of Galba and Severus Alexander. Claudius II also minted coins with rarely-seen NEPTVN AVG [see this reverse type in my collection] and SOL AVG types. The latter coin indicates some early interest in the god who would become so dominant a few years later on the coins of Aurelian, yet Claudius also used the INVICTVS AVG inscription that Gallienus had paired with an image of Sol with one of Hercules. ROMAE AETERNAE coin-types were fairly common in the mid-third century, but Claudius II issued an unusual variant type on an aureus that showed the goddess in her temple and echoed the SAECVLVM NOVVM images associated with Philip I. In addition, Claudius introduced a IOVI VICTORI reverse combined with the image normally paired with a IOVI STATORI inscription and a IOVI FVLGERAT reverse inscription, both of which had not been used by any of his predecessors. Andreas Alföldi suggested that Claudius' GENIVS SENATVS type signified improvement of the relationship between emperor and Senate following the senatorial hostility toward Gallienus.

Claudius Gothicus also produced coin-types with reverses of goddesses customarily found paired on coins with images of the Roman empresses. The deities portrayed include Ceres, Diana, Diana Lucifera, and Diana Victrix, Minerva, Venus, and the goddess naturally associated with the image of an empress, Juno Regina. One might suggest that Claudius issued these images because he had no empress with which to pair them, but an examination of other emperors' reigns during this period reveals that those emperors who did not issue coins bearing the empress' image also did not strike these particular goddess types. Although Ceres and Venus images are sometimes paired with an emperor's portrait, Diana Lucifera is rarely found on emperors' coins and Claudius II is the only emperor paired on coins with Juno Regina. In addition, Claudius was the first emperor to issue imperial coins that featured an isolated image of the exotic Egyptian goddess, Isis Faria.

Claudius II's short reign was vulnerable to internal as well as external attack. There may have been a revolt in 269-270 led by a Censorinus, although the date and even the existence of this usurper remain in doubt. The SHA includes him as the last of the "thirty tyrants" and lists a whole series of offices for him, including two consulships, but no other record exists to confirm such service. The SHA account states that he was proclaimed emperor by his soldiers, but soon afterwards killed by them because of his enforcement of strict discipline. His tomb is listed as being in Bologna, which may provide some idea of the location for the revolt. Henry Cohen dates the revolt to the beginning of the year 270, perhaps on the basis of a reference in the Epitome de Caesaribus, but suggests that coins attributed to Censorinus in earlier works may not exist.

The Gothic challenge in 269 proved to be the greatest that Claudius II would face. The Goths assembled a large invading force, reportedly amounting to 320,000 men transported on a fleet of at least 2,000 ships, and first attacked coastal cities along the Black Sea in Moesia. After passing into the Aegean the Goths besieged Thessalonica. At this point, in 269, Claudius left Rome to stop the invasion. The Goths then sent the larger segment of their troops on land toward the Danube, while the fleet took the remaining group to continue the naval attack on Aegean coastal cities. Claudius sent Aurelian's cavalry to Macedonia to protect Illyria from attack, while he commanded the forces blocking the route to the Danube. In the area of Doberus and Pelagonia, the Goths lost 3,000 men to Aurelian's cavalry. At Naissus in Moesia, Claudius' force succeeded in killing some 50,000 Goths. There were follow-up operations on both land and sea, but the Gothic War had essentially been won. Staving off the attacks of the Goths was a major contribution to the survival of the Roman Empire. It was a significant step leading to the subsequent success of Aurelian and the resurrection of the Empire under Diocletian and Constantine. When the Goths eventually succeeded in taking parts of the western Empire in the fifth century, their disruption to the course of civilization was likely much less violent than it would have been had they succeeded in the third century.

In addition to bad weather, a lack of supplies, and hunger, plague was a major factor in the defeat of the Goths. Many of the Gothic prisoners were either impressed into Roman military service or settled on farms as coloni. Claudius received the title Gothicus in recognition of his triumph over the Goths. At some point he had also been given the title Parthicus, but the unlikelihood of any conflict with the Parthians in his short reign makes this difficult to explain. Perhaps Damerau was correct in his suggestion that a Parthian unit may have been involved in one of the battles with the Palmyrenes, although on this front there were few achievements to claim. In any case, Claudius' victory over the Goths was short-lived. The emperor himself caught the plague and died at Sirmium early in 270. He was 56 years old. Claudius' brother, Quintillus, became emperor briefly before losing out to Aurelian. Claudius also had another brother, Crispus, and the SHA traces the link to Constantius through Crispus' daughter Claudia.

The Roman Senate showed its respect for Claudius Gothicus by setting up a gold portrait-shield in the Curia and by approving his deification. He was also honored with a golden statue in front of the great temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus and a silver statue set on a column on the Rostra.

In many ways, Claudius II received more adulation and honor in his Nachleben than he had during his lifetime. In the fourth century, attempts to link Constantine's family to Claudius resulted in the phrases of adoration and outright fabrication that dominate the SHA life and most of our other sources. Constantine even issued commemorative coins honoring Claudius. These carried inscriptions such as: DIVO CLAVDIO OPT[IMO] IMP[ERATORI], MEMORIAE AETERNAE, and REQVIES OPT[IMORVM] ME[RITORVM]. A tradition grew that changed the story of Claudius' death in some sources. In this version, Claudius, instead of dying from the plague, had actually performed a devotion, in response to an oracle found in the Sibylline Books, and sacrificed his life so that Rome could win the Gothic War. One of the most surprising things about the SHA account is that it ignores this more dramatic tradition and has Claudius simply dying from the plague.

One must, of course, reject the excessive claims of the SHA to the effect that Claudius II was "destined to rule for the good of the human race" and would, had he lived longer, "…by his strength, his counsel, and his foresight have restored to us the Scipios, the Camilli, and all those men of old." However, Claudius Gothicus was clearly a good emperor who made a significant contribution to protecting and restoring the Empire. In the third century there aren't too many emperors who merit such an assessment.

Copyright (C) 2001, Richard D. Weigel. Used by permission.
http://www.roman-emperors.org/claudgot.htm


Claudius II Gothicus was born in Illyricum around 215 A.D. Under Valerian and Gallienus he was recognized as a superb general. After the murder of Gallienus, Claudius Gothicus was proclaimed emperor and preceded to crush the Alemani tribe who had invaded Roman territory. Soon after an enormous horde of Goths poured into the empire. Against all advice, Claudius confronted the barbarians at Naissus in Upper Moesia. He fought a brilliant battle and annihilated them. Unfortunately for the empire, he died of plague after a reign of only two years (Joseph Sermarini, FORVM;
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/catalog/roman-and-greek-coins.asp?vpar=741&pos=0#Recovery%20of%20the%20Empire%20Coins).

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
PergaAthenaOwl.jpg
[2400a] Pergamon, Mysia: AE14, ca. 300 BC70 viewsMYSIA, PERGAMON, Æ14, ca. 300 BC. BMC 15, SGC 3965. 2.0 gm. VF/aVF; Pergamon mint. Obverse: Head of Athena right, in close fitting crested helmet; Reverse; ATHENAS - NIKHFOPOY either side of owl standing, facing, wings closed; all within olive-wreath. Obverse device a clean strike of a lovely Athena. Ex Inclinatiorama.

The city of ancient Pergamon (or Pergamum, today's Bergama) was created by the newly-founded royal dynasty in the mid-third century BCE. It became one of the classic late-Hellenistic cities, on a dramatically steep site, with imaginatiave solutions to the urban design problems created by the site, wonderfully embellished by the generous attention of its royal (and other) patrons. The site divides into two main sections, the steep upper town and the flat lower town. Though today's Bergama is entirely in the lower areas, a number of important remains have survived even there: the Asklepieion, one of the major healing centres of antiqity, the Red Hall (Serapeum), the stadium, a Roman Bridge and tunnel. But it is the upper town that captures the imagination, with its extensive remains, innovations, and drama.
http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/~prchrdsn/pergamon.htm

The Attalids, the descendants of Attalus, the father of Philetaerus who came to power in 282 BC, were among the most loyal supporters of Rome among the Hellenistic successor states. Under Attalus I, they allied with Rome against Philip V of Macedon, during the first and second Macedonian Wars, and again under Eumenes II, against Perseus of Macedon, during the Third Macedonian War. For support against the Seleucids, the Attalids were rewarded with all the former Seleucid domains in Asia Minor.

The Attalids ruled with intelligence and generosity. Many documents survive showing how the Attalids would support the growth of towns through sending in skilled artisans and by remitting taxes. They allowed the Greek cities in their domains to maintain nominal independence. They sent gifts to Greek cultural sites like Delphi, Delos, and Athens. They defeated the invading Celts. They remodeled the Acropolis of Pergamum after the Acropolis in Athens. When Attalus III died without an heir in 133 BC he bequeathed Pergamon to Rome, in order to prevent a civil war.

The Great Altar of Pergamon is in the Pergamon Museum, Berlin. The base of this altar remains on the upper part of the Acropolis. Other notable structures still in existence on the upper part of the Acropolis include: a Hellenistic theater with a seating capacity of 10,000; the Sanctuary of Trajan (also known as the Trajaneum); the Sancturay of Athena; the Library; royal palaces; the Heroön; the Temple of Dionysus; the Upper Agora; and the Roman baths complex. Pergamon's library on the Acropolis is the second best in the ancient Greek civilisation (the ancient Library of Pergamum), after that of Alexandria. When the Ptolemies stopped exporting papyrus, partly because of competitors and partly because of shortages, the Pergamenes invented a new substance to use in codices, called pergaminus or parchment after the city. This was made of fine calf skin, a predecessor of vellum. The lower part of the Acropolis has the following structures: the Upper Gymnasium, the Middle Gymnasium, the Lower Gymnasium, the Temple of Demeter, the Sanctuary of Hera, the House of Attalus, the Lower Agora and the Gate of Eumenes.

Three km south of the Acropolis was the Sanctuary of Asclepius (also known as the Asclepeion), the god of healing. In this place people with health problems could bath in the water of the sacred spring, and in the patients' dreams Asklepios would appear in a vision to tell them how to cure their illness. Archeology has found lots of gifts and dedications that people would make afterwards, such as small terracotta body parts, no doubt representing what had been healed. Notable extant structures in the Asclepeion include the Roman theater, the North Stoa, the South Stoa, the Temple of Asclepius, a circular treatment center (sometimes known as the Temple of Telesphorus), a healing spring, an underground passageway, a library, the Via Tecta (or the Sacred Way, which is a colonnaded street leading to the sanctuary) and a propylon.

Pergamon's other notable structure is the Serapis Temple (Serapeum) which was later transformed into the Red Basilica complex (or Kızıl Avlu in Turkish), about 1 km south of the Acropolis. It consists of a main building and two round towers. In the first century AD, the Christian Church at Pergamon inside the main building of the Red Basilica was one of the Seven Churches to which the Book of Revelation was addressed (Revelation 1:12, ESV).
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pergamon

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
ptolemy1soterLG.jpg
[301a] Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy I Soter, 305 - 283 B.C.184 viewsPTOLEMY I SOTER AR silver tetradrachm. Alexandria, 290-289 BC. Eagle standing on thunderbolt.

PTOLEMY I SOTER AR silver tetradrachm. 27mm, 13.9g. Struck at Alexandria, 290-289 BC. VF. Obverse: Diademed head of Ptolemy I right; Reverse; PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, P and PTY monogram to left. Svoronos 259, SNG Cop 72. Banker's mark and some graffito in the reverse fields. Ex Incitatus.

Ptolemy I Soter (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Σωτήρ, Ptolemaios Soter, i.e. Ptolemy the Savior, 367 BC—283 BC) was a Macedonian general who became the ruler of Egypt (323 BC—283 BC) and founder of the Ptolemaic dynasty. In 305 BC he took the title of king.
He was the son of Arsinoe of Macedonia - either by her husband Lagus, a Macedonian nobleman, or by her lover, Philip II of Macedon (which would make him the half-brother of Alexander the Great if true). Ptolemy was one of Alexander the Great's most trusted generals, and among the seven "body-guards" attached to his person. He was a few years older than Alexander, and his intimate friend since childhood. He may even have been in the group of noble teenagers tutored by Aristotle. He was with Alexander from his first campaigns, and played a principal part in the later campaigns in Afghanistan and India. At the Susa marriage festival in 324, Alexander had him marry the Persian princess Atacama. Ptolemy also had a consort queen in Thaïs, the famous Athenian hetaera and one of Alexander's companions in his conquest of the ancient world. Thaïs became his queen in Egypt, and even after he divorced her, she reportedly remained his friend, and kept the title of queen while in Memphis.

When Alexander died in 323, Ptolemy is said to have instigated the resettlement of the empire made at Babylon. Through the Partition of Babylon, he was now appointed satrap of Egypt, under the nominal kings Philip Arrhidaeus and the infant Alexander IV; the former satrap, the Greek Cleomenes, stayed on as his deputy. Ptolemy quickly moved, without authorization, to subjugate Cyrenaica.

By custom, kings in Macedonia asserted their right to the throne by burying their predecessor. Probably because he wanted to pre-empt Perdiccas, the imperial regent, from staking his claim in this way, Ptolemy took great pains in getting his hands on the body of Alexander the Great, placing it temporarily in Memphis (a major element for The First War of The Diodochi) . Ptolemy then openly joined the coalition against Perdiccas. Perdiccas appears to have suspected Ptolemy of aiming for the throne himself, and maybe decided that Ptolemy was his most dangerous rival. Ptolemy executed Cleomenes for spying on behalf of Perdiccas — this removed the chief check on his authority, and allowed Ptolemy to obtain the huge sum that Cleomenes had accumulated.
In 321, Perdiccas invaded Egypt. Ptolemy decided to defend the Nile, and Perdiccas's attempt to force it ended in fiasco, with the loss of 2000 men. This was a fatal blow to Perdiccas' reputation, and he was murdered in his tent by two of his subordinates. Ptolemy immediately crossed the Nile, to provide supplies to what had the day before been an enemy army. Ptolemy was offered the regency in place of Perdiccas; but he declined. Ptolemy was consistent in his policy of securing a power base, while never succumbing to the temptation of risking all to succeed Alexander.

In the long wars that followed between the different Diadochi, Ptolemy's first goal was to hold Egypt securely, and his second was to secure control in the outlying areas: Cyrenaica and Cyprus, as well as Syria, including the province of Judea. His first occupation of Syria was in 318, and he established at the same time a protectorate over the petty kings of Cyprus. When Antigonus One-Eye, master of Asia in 315, showed dangerous ambitions, Ptolemy joined the coalition against him, and on the outbreak of war, evacuated Syria. In Cyprus, he fought the partisans of Antigonus, and re-conquered the island (313). A revolt in Cyrene was crushed the same year.

In 312, Ptolemy and Seleucus, the fugitive satrap of Babylonia, both invaded Syria, and defeated Demetrius Poliorcetes ("sieger of cities"), the son of Antigonus, in the Battle of Gaza. Again he occupied Syria, and again—after only a few months, when Demetrius had won a battle over his general, and Antigonus entered Syria in force—he evacuated it. In 311, a peace was concluded between the combatants. Soon after this, the surviving 13-year-old king, Alexander IV, was murdered in Macedonia, leaving the satrap of Egypt absolutely his own master. The peace did not last long, and in 309 Ptolemy personally commanded a fleet that detached the coastal towns of Lycia and Caria from Antigonus, then crossed into Greece, where he took possession of Corinth, Sicyon and Megara (308 BC). In 306, a great fleet under Demetrius attacked Cyprus, and Ptolemy's brother Menelaus was defeated and captured in another decisive Battle of Salamis. Ptolemy's complete loss of Cyprus followed.
The satraps Antigonus and Demetrius now each assumed the title of king; Ptolemy, as well as Cassander, Lysimachus and Seleucus I Nicator, responded by doing the same. In the winter of 306 BC, Antigonus tried to follow up his victory in Cyprus by invading Egypt; but Ptolemy was strongest there, and successfully held the frontier against him. Ptolemy led no further overseas expeditions against Antigonus. However, he did send great assistance to Rhodes when it was besieged by Demetrius (305/304),. Once rescued, the Rhodians instituted a festival to worship Ptolemy as Soter ("saviour").

It is widely accepted by modern scholars that as a result of lifting the siege of Rhodes, Ptolemy I had the name Soter ("saviour") bestowed upon him by the grateful people but this account is found only in the writings of Pausanius who has proven to be inaccurate on other points related to the Ptolomies. Rhodian inscriptions related to the cult of king Ptolemy do not mention it until the first century BC and Diodorus' writings, which are favourable to Ptolemy, do not either. The first mention of the title Soter is by Ptolemy II in 256 BC when he issued coins calling himself “King Ptolemy, son of Ptolemy Soter”. Prior to this date coins had read “King Ptolemy son of Ptolemy”. It is speculated that he used the title Soter as propaganda after a series of defeats prior to its first use.

When the coalition against Antigonus was renewed in 302, Ptolemy joined it, and invaded Syria a third time, while Antigonus was engaged with Lysimachus in Asia Minor. On hearing a report that Antigonus had won a decisive victory there, he once again evacuated Syria. But when the news came that Antigonus had been defeated and slain by Lysimachus and Seleucus at the Battle of Ipsus in 301, he occupied Syria a fourth time.

The other members of the coalition had assigned all Syria to Seleucus, after what they regarded as Ptolemy's desertion, and for the next hundred years, the question of the ownership of southern Syria (ie, Judea) produced recurring warfare between the Seleucid and Ptolemaic dynasties. Henceforth, Ptolemy seems to have mingled as little as possible in the rivalries between Asia Minor and Greece; he lost what he held in Greece, but reconquered Cyprus in 295/294. Cyrene, after a series of rebellions, was finally subjugated about 300 and placed under his stepson Magas.

In 285, Ptolemy abdicated in favour of one of his younger sons by Berenice - Ptolemy II Philadelphus, who had been co-regent for three years. His eldest (legitimate) son, Ptolemy Ceraunus, whose mother, Eurydice, the daughter of Antipater, had been repudiated, fled to the court of Lysimachus. Ptolemy I Soter died in 283 at the age of 84. Shrewd and cautious, he had a compact and well-ordered realm to show at the end of forty years of war. His reputation for bonhomie and liberality attached the floating soldier-class of Macedonians and Greeks to his service, and was not insignificant; nor did he wholly neglect conciliation of the natives. Ptolemy also founded the cult of Serapis, an Egyptian god who was "recreated" in such a fashion that he was acceptable to the Greeks and Macedonians. Ptolemy initiated the building of the lighthouse off the coast of Alexandria on the island of Pharos. This was to become one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.

He was a ready patron of letters, founding the Great Library of Alexandria. He himself wrote a history of Alexander's campaigns that has not survived. This used to be considered an objective work, distinguished by its straightforward honesty and sobriety. However, Ptolemy may have exaggerated his own role, and had propagandist aims in writing his History. Although now lost, it was a principal source for the surviving account by Arrian of Nicomedia.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ptolemy_I_Soter

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
2 commentsCleisthenes
Ptolemy_I_Soter.jpg
[301b] Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy I Soter, 305 - 283 B.C.105 viewsBronze AE 30, cf. Svoronos 271, et al., VF/F, Alexandria mint, weight 12.946g, maximum diameter 30.3mm, die axis 0o, obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse [PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS], eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings open, head left, unidentifiable monogram(s) in left field; nice style Zeus. Ex FORVM.

Ptolemy I Soter (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Σωτήρ, Ptolemaios Soter, i.e. Ptolemy the Savior, 367 BC—283 BC) was a Macedonian general who became the ruler of Egypt (323 BC—283 BC) and founder of the Ptolemaic dynasty. In 305 BC he took the title of king.
He was the son of Arsinoe of Macedonia - either by her husband Lagus, a Macedonian nobleman, or by her lover, Philip II of Macedon (which would make him the half-brother of Alexander the Great if true). Ptolemy was one of Alexander the Great's most trusted generals, and among the seven "body-guards" attached to his person. He was a few years older than Alexander, and his intimate friend since childhood. He may even have been in the group of noble teenagers tutored by Aristotle. He was with Alexander from his first campaigns, and played a principal part in the later campaigns in Afghanistan and India. At the Susa marriage festival in 324, Alexander had him marry the Persian princess Atacama. Ptolemy also had a consort queen in Thaïs, the famous Athenian hetaera and one of Alexander's companions in his conquest of the ancient world. Thaïs became his queen in Egypt, and even after he divorced her, she reportedly remained his friend, and kept the title of queen while in Memphis.

When Alexander died in 323, Ptolemy is said to have instigated the resettlement of the empire made at Babylon. Through the Partition of Babylon, he was now appointed satrap of Egypt, under the nominal kings Philip Arrhidaeus and the infant Alexander IV; the former satrap, the Greek Cleomenes, stayed on as his deputy. Ptolemy quickly moved, without authorization, to subjugate Cyrenaica.

By custom, kings in Macedonia asserted their right to the throne by burying their predecessor. Probably because he wanted to pre-empt Perdiccas, the imperial regent, from staking his claim in this way, Ptolemy took great pains in getting his hands on the body of Alexander the Great, placing it temporarily in Memphis (a major element for The First War of The Diodochi) . Ptolemy then openly joined the coalition against Perdiccas. Perdiccas appears to have suspected Ptolemy of aiming for the throne himself, and maybe decided that Ptolemy was his most dangerous rival. Ptolemy executed Cleomenes for spying on behalf of Perdiccas — this removed the chief check on his authority, and allowed Ptolemy to obtain the huge sum that Cleomenes had accumulated.
In 321, Perdiccas invaded Egypt. Ptolemy decided to defend the Nile, and Perdiccas's attempt to force it ended in fiasco, with the loss of 2000 men. This was a fatal blow to Perdiccas' reputation, and he was murdered in his tent by two of his subordinates. Ptolemy immediately crossed the Nile, to provide supplies to what had the day before been an enemy army. Ptolemy was offered the regency in place of Perdiccas; but he declined. Ptolemy was consistent in his policy of securing a power base, while never succumbing to the temptation of risking all to succeed Alexander.

In the long wars that followed between the different Diadochi, Ptolemy's first goal was to hold Egypt securely, and his second was to secure control in the outlying areas: Cyrenaica and Cyprus, as well as Syria, including the province of Judea. His first occupation of Syria was in 318, and he established at the same time a protectorate over the petty kings of Cyprus. When Antigonus One-Eye, master of Asia in 315, showed dangerous ambitions, Ptolemy joined the coalition against him, and on the outbreak of war, evacuated Syria. In Cyprus, he fought the partisans of Antigonus, and re-conquered the island (313). A revolt in Cyrene was crushed the same year.

In 312, Ptolemy and Seleucus, the fugitive satrap of Babylonia, both invaded Syria, and defeated Demetrius Poliorcetes ("sieger of cities"), the son of Antigonus, in the Battle of Gaza. Again he occupied Syria, and again—after only a few months, when Demetrius had won a battle over his general, and Antigonus entered Syria in force—he evacuated it. In 311, a peace was concluded between the combatants. Soon after this, the surviving 13-year-old king, Alexander IV, was murdered in Macedonia, leaving the satrap of Egypt absolutely his own master. The peace did not last long, and in 309 Ptolemy personally commanded a fleet that detached the coastal towns of Lycia and Caria from Antigonus, then crossed into Greece, where he took possession of Corinth, Sicyon and Megara (308 BC). In 306, a great fleet under Demetrius attacked Cyprus, and Ptolemy's brother Menelaus was defeated and captured in another decisive Battle of Salamis. Ptolemy's complete loss of Cyprus followed.
The satraps Antigonus and Demetrius now each assumed the title of king; Ptolemy, as well as Cassander, Lysimachus and Seleucus I Nicator, responded by doing the same. In the winter of 306 BC, Antigonus tried to follow up his victory in Cyprus by invading Egypt; but Ptolemy was strongest there, and successfully held the frontier against him. Ptolemy led no further overseas expeditions against Antigonus. However, he did send great assistance to Rhodes when it was besieged by Demetrius (305/304),. Once rescued, the Rhodians instituted a festival to worship Ptolemy as Soter ("saviour").

It is widely accepted by modern scholars that as a result of lifting the siege of Rhodes, Ptolemy I had the name Soter ("saviour") bestowed upon him by the grateful people but this account is found only in the writings of Pausanius who has proven to be inaccurate on other points related to the Ptolomies. Rhodian inscriptions related to the cult of king Ptolemy do not mention it until the first century BC and Diodorus' writings, which are favourable to Ptolemy, do not either. The first mention of the title Soter is by Ptolemy II in 256 BC when he issued coins calling himself “King Ptolemy, son of Ptolemy Soter”. Prior to this date coins had read “King Ptolemy son of Ptolemy”. It is speculated that he used the title Soter as propaganda after a series of defeats prior to its first use.

When the coalition against Antigonus was renewed in 302, Ptolemy joined it, and invaded Syria a third time, while Antigonus was engaged with Lysimachus in Asia Minor. On hearing a report that Antigonus had won a decisive victory there, he once again evacuated Syria. But when the news came that Antigonus had been defeated and slain by Lysimachus and Seleucus at the Battle of Ipsus in 301, he occupied Syria a fourth time.

The other members of the coalition had assigned all Syria to Seleucus, after what they regarded as Ptolemy's desertion, and for the next hundred years, the question of the ownership of southern Syria (ie, Judea) produced recurring warfare between the Seleucid and Ptolemaic dynasties. Henceforth, Ptolemy seems to have mingled as little as possible in the rivalries between Asia Minor and Greece; he lost what he held in Greece, but reconquered Cyprus in 295/294. Cyrene, after a series of rebellions, was finally subjugated about 300 and placed under his stepson Magas.

In 285, Ptolemy abdicated in favour of one of his younger sons by Berenice - Ptolemy II Philadelphus, who had been co-regent for three years. His eldest (legitimate) son, Ptolemy Ceraunus, whose mother, Eurydice, the daughter of Antipater, had been repudiated, fled to the court of Lysimachus. Ptolemy I Soter died in 283 at the age of 84. Shrewd and cautious, he had a compact and well-ordered realm to show at the end of forty years of war. His reputation for bonhomie and liberality attached the floating soldier-class of Macedonians and Greeks to his service, and was not insignificant; nor did he wholly neglect conciliation of the natives. Ptolemy also founded the cult of Serapis, an Egyptian god who was "recreated" in such a fashion that he was acceptable to the Greeks and Macedonians. Ptolemy initiated the building of the lighthouse off the coast of Alexandria on the island of Pharos. This was to become one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.

He was a ready patron of letters, founding the Great Library of Alexandria. He himself wrote a history of Alexander's campaigns that has not survived. This used to be considered an objective work, distinguished by its straightforward honesty and sobriety. However, Ptolemy may have exaggerated his own role, and had propagandist aims in writing his History. Although now lost, it was a principal source for the surviving account by Arrian of Nicomedia.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ptolemy_I_Soter

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
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tessera.jpg
Æ12 Tessera. Rome mint. Crescent and stars series.37 viewsÆ12 Tessera 0.70 g. Rome mint.
Obv: Draped bust of Serapis right, wearing calathus.
Rev: Three stars over crescent.

Tesserae frumentariae and nummariae were tokens given at certain times by the Roman magistrates to citizens, in exchange for which they received a fixed amount of wheat or money.
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