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Search results - "Julian_II"
julianii370.jpg
Julian II RIC 370 Siscia, 355-360 CE19 viewsObverse: DN IVLIANVS NOB CAES, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing fallen horseman who is wearing Phrygian helmet, reaching backwards, M to left, DSIS-Zigzag in ex
RIC VIII Siscia 370, 16.9 mm., 2.2 g.
NORMAN K
JulianIIAE3VotX.jpg
1en Julian II "Apostate"26 views360-363

AE3

Pearl-diademed, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding shield & spear, D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG
VOT X MVLT XX in four lines within wreath, palm branch-BSIS-palm branch in ex [?].

RIC 415

According to Zosimus: Constantius, having so well succeeded in his design against Vetranio, marched against Magnentius, having first conferred the title of Caesar on Gallus, the son of his uncle, and brother to Julian who was afterwards emperor, and given him in marriage his sister Constantia. . . . CONSTANTIUS, after having acted towards Gallus Caesar in the manner I have related, left Pannonia to proceed into Italy. . . . He scarcely thought himself capable of managing affairs at this critical period. He was unwilling, however, to associate any one with himself in the government, because he so much desired to rule alone, and could esteem no man his friend. Under these circumstances he was at a loss how to act. It happened, however, that when the empire was in the greatest danger, Eusebia, the wife of Constantius, who was a woman of extraordinary learning, and of greater wisdom than her sex is usually endowed with, advised him to confer the government of the nations beyond the Alps on Julianus Caesar, who was brother to Gallus, and grandson to Constantius. As she knew that the emperor was suspicious of all his kindred, she thus circumvented him. She observed to him, that Julian was a young man unacquainted with the intrigues of state, having devoted himself totally to his studies; and that he was wholly inexperienced in worldly business. That on this account he would be more fit for his purpose than any other person. That either he would be fortunate, and his success would be attributed to the emperor's conduct, or that he would fail and perish; and that thus Constantius would have none of the imperial family to succeed to him.

Constantius, having approved her advice, sent for Julian from Athens, where he lived among the philosophers, and excelled all his masters in every kind of learning. Accordingly, Julian returning from Greece into Italy, Constantius declared him Caesar, gave him in marriage his sister Helena, and sent him beyond the Alps. . . .

Constantius, having thus disposed of Julian, marched himself into Pannonia and Moesia, and having there suppressed the Quadi and the Sarmatians, proceeded to the east, and was provoked to war by the inroads of the Persians. Julian by this time had arrived beyond the Alps into the Gallic nations which he was to rule. Perceiving that the Barbarians continued committing the same violence, Eusebia, for the same reasons as before, persuaded Constantius to place the entire management of those countries into the hands of Julian. . . . Julian finding the military affairs of Gallia Celtica in a very ruinous state, and that the Barbarians pased the Rhine without any resistance, even almost as far as the sea-port towns, he took a survey of the remaining parts of the enemy. And understanding that the people of those parts were terrified at the very name of the Barbarians, while those whom Constantius had sent along with him, who were not more than three hundred and sixty, knew nothing more, as he used to say, than how to say their prayers, he enlisted as many more as he could and took in a great number of volunteers. He also provided arms, and finding a quantity of old weapons in some town he fitted them up, and distributed them among the soldiers. The scouts bringing him intelligence, that an immense number of Barbarians had crossed the river near the city of Argentoratum (Strasburg) which stands on the Rhine, he no sooner heard of it, than he led forth his army with the greatest speed, and engaging with the enemy gained such a victory as exceeds all description.

After these events he raised a great army to make war on the whole German nation; He was opposed however by the Barbarians in vast numbers. Caesar therefore would not wait while they came up to him, but crossed the Rhine, preferring that their country should be the seat of war, and not that of the Romans, as by that means the cities would escape being again pillaged by the Barbarians. A most furious battle therefore took place; a great number of the Barbarians being slain on the field of battle, while the rest fled, and were pursued by Caesar into the Hercynian forest, and many of them killed. . . .

But while Julian was at Parisium, a small town in Germany, the soldiers, being ready to march, continued at supper till midnight in a place near the palace, which they so called there. They were as yet ignorant of any design against Caesar [by Constantius], when some tribunes, who began to suspect the contrivance against him, privately distributed a number of anonymous billets among the soldiers, in which they represented to them, that Caesar, by his judicious conduct had so managed affairs, that almost all of them had erected trophies over the Barbarians ; that he had always fought like a private soldier, and was now in extreme danger from the emperor, who would shortly deprive him of his whole army, unless they prevented it. Some of the soldiers having read these billets, and published the intrigue to the whole army, all were highly enraged. They suddenly rose from their seats in great commotion, and with the cups yet in their hands went to the palace. Breaking open the doors without ceremony, they brought out Caesar, and lifting him on a shield declared him emperor and Augustus. They then, without attending to his reluctance, placed a diadem upon his head. . . .

Arriving at Naisus, he consulted the soothsayers what measures to pursue. As the entrails signified that he must stay there for some time, he obeyed, observing likewise the time that was mentioned in his dream. When this, according to the motion of the planets, was arrived, a party of horsemen arrived from Constantinople at Naisus, with intelligence that Constantius was dead, and that the armies desired Julian to be emperor. Upon this he accepted what the gods had bestowed upon him, and proceeded on his journey. On his arrival at. Byzantium, he was received with joyful acclamations. . . .

[After slashing through Persia and crossing the Tigris,] they perceived the Persian army, with which they engaged, and having considerably the advantage, they killed a great number of Persians. Upon the following day, about noon, the Persians drew up in a large body, and once more attacked the rear of the Roman army. The Romans, being at that time out of their ranks, were surprised and alarmed at the suddenness of the attack, yet made a stout and spirited defence. The emperor, according to his custom, went round the army, encouraging them to fight with ardour. When by this means all were engaged, the emperor, who sometimes rode to the commanders and tribunes, and was at other times among the private soldiers, received a wound in the heat of the engagement, and was borne on a shield to his tent. He survived only till midnight. He then expired, after having nearly subverted the Persian empire.

Note: Julian favored the pagan faith over Christianity and was tarred by the church as "the apostate."
Blindado
JulianIIAE1Bull.jpg
1i Last Bid to Revitalize Pagan Religion8 viewsJulian II
360-363

AE1

Portrait, right, D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG
Bull, eagle, and two stars, SECVRITAS REIPVB, PCONST in ex.

Julian "the Apostate" issued this coin with the symbols of Jupiter on the reverse as part of his campaign to breath life back into pagan faith.

RIC 318
Blindado
JulIIVIIIConst150.jpg
355-360 AD - Julian II as Caesar - RIC VIII Constantinople 150 - SPES REIPVBLICE23 viewsCaesar: Julian II (Caes. 355-360 AD)
Date: 355-361 AD
Condition: Fair
Size: AE4

Obverse: DN CL IVLIANVS NOB CAES
Our Lord Claudius Julian Noble Caesar
Bust right; bare-headed, draped and cuirassed

Reverse: SPES REI-PVBLICE
Hope of the Republic.
Emperor, helmeted and in military dress, standing left, holding globe and spear.
Exergue: CONSS (Constantinople mint, sixth officina)

RIC VIII Constantinople 150
2.22g; 15.9mm; 180
Pep
JulIIVIIISirm81.jpg
355-360 AD - Julian II as Caesar - RIC VIII Sirmium 081 - SPES REIPVBLICE30 viewsCaesar: Julian II (Caes. 355-360 AD)
Date: 355-361 AD
Condition: Fair/Fine
Size: AE3

Obverse: DN IVLIA-NVS NOB C
Our Lord Julian Noble Caesar
Bust right; bareheaded, draped and cuirassed

Reverse: SPES REI-PVBLICE
Hope of the Republic.
Emperor, helmeted and in military dress, standing left, holding globe and spear.
Exergue: (A?)SIRM (Sirmium mint, first? officina)

RIC VIII Sirmium 81
1.80g; 17.1mm; 195
Pep
JulIIVIIISirm81or83.jpg
355-360 AD - Julian II as Caesar - RIC VIII Sirmium 081 or 083? - SPES REIPVBLICE43 viewsCaesar: Julian II (Caes. 355-360 AD)
Date: 355-361 AD
Condition: Fine
Size: AE4

Obverse: D N IVLIA-NVS NOB C
Our Lord Julian Noble Caesar
Bust right; bareheaded, draped and cuirassed

Reverse: SPES REI-PVBLICE
Hope of the Republic.
Emperor, helmeted and in military dress, standing left, holding globe and spear, a captive at his feet.
Exergue: unknown (SIRM?)

RIC VIII Sirmium 81 or 83?
1.99g; 16.5mm; 345
Pep
JulVIIISis370.jpg
355-360 AD - Julian II as Caesar - RIC VIII Siscia 370 - FEL TEMP REPARATIO21 viewsCaesar: Julian II (Caes. 355-360 AD)
Date: 355-358 AD
Condition: aFine
Size: AE4

Obverse: DN IVLIANVS NOB CAES
Our Lord Julian Noble Caesar
Bust right; bare-headed, draped and cuirassed

Reverse: FEL TEMP - REPARATIO
The restoration of happy times.
Helmeted soldier to left, shield on left arm, spearing falling horseman, shield on ground at right, horseman wears pointed cap, turns to face soldier and extends left arm.
"M" in left field
Exergue: ?SIS (Siscia mint, unknown officina)

RIC VIII Siscia 370
2.00g; 16.7mm; 30
Pep
julianII_225.jpg
Apis342 viewsJulian II the philosopher 360 - 363, nephew of Constantin I
AE - Maiorina, 7.30g, 25mm
Thessalonica 1. officina, summer 361 - June 26. 363
obv. DN FL CL IVLI - ANVS PF AVG
bust draped and cuirassed, pearl-diademed head r.
rev. SECVRITA[S R]EI PVB
diademed bull r., head facing, two stars above
exergue: TESA between palmbranchs
RIC VIII, Thessalonica 225; C.38
Rare; good F

APIS, holy bull of Memphis/Egypt, herald of god Ptah, making oracles in the name of the god. Each new bull should have a white triangle on the forehead or a moon-like spot at the sides. After his death buried as Osiris-Apis, from which the Serapis cult developed. Julian II has renewed this cult. For a new interpretation of the bull see the remarks in 'Jochen's Folles' to Julian II RIC VIII, 163!
Jochen
julian_bull_1.jpg
BCC LR340 viewsLate Roman AE 1
JulianII 360-363 C.E.
Antioch Mint
Obv: D N FL CL IVLI-ANVS P F AVG
pearl-diad. draped,and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: SECVRITAS REIPVB
bull std rt. two stars above, in
ex. ANT Γ with palm branch on each side.
26.5 mm. 8.24 gm. Axis:0 RIC VIII 216
v-drome
00440-JulianII.JPG
Julian II34 viewsJulian II AE1
28 mm 8.95 gm
O: D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG
Diademed, draped, cuirassed bust of Julian II right
R: SECVRITAS REIPVB
Bull standing right, two stars above, *ASIRM and wreath in exergue
John Campbell
00julianIIsiliq.jpg
JULIAN II18 viewsAR siliqua. Lugdunum 360-363 AD. 1,97 grs. Diademed,draped,and cuirassed bust right. FL CL IVLIANVS PP AUG. / Victory,wearing long dress,standing left,holding palm in left hand,wreath in raised right hand. VICTORIA DD NN AVG. In exergue LVG.
RIC 212. RSC 58 c.
New York sale XXV. Lot 279.
benito
00julianIIbull.jpg
JULIAN II29 viewsAE 1 (maiorina). 361-363 AD. 8.75 g, 12h. Sirmium ,1st officina. Pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right. D N FL CL IVLI-ANVS P F AVG. / Bull standing right, two stars above. SECVRITAS REIPVB . ASIRM between star and palm in exergue. RIC VIII 107 ; LRBC 1622.
benito
julianii.jpg
Julian II11 views355-360 CE (Caesar)
360-363 CE (Augustus)

AE4 Arles

Obverse: DN IVLIAN-VS PF AVG
pearl-diadem, draped, cuirassed bust right.

Reverse: SPES REI-PVBLICE
Emperor helmeted, in military dress standing left, holding globe and spear with star above globe.

Weight: 1,8g
Length: 16mm

Mintmark: TCON
Pericles J2
JulianII.jpg
Julian II7 viewsex Harptree Hoard ex CNGarash p
julianIIvotxmultxx-.jpg
JULIAN II AE3 - AD362-36316 viewsobv: DN.PL.CL.IVLIANVS.PF.AVG (helmeted bust left, holding spear and shield)
rev: VOT X MVLT XX in four lines across field within wreath / BSIRM
ref: RIC VIII-Sirmium108
3.04g, 19mm
berserker
julianIIspes-.jpg
JULIAN II (as Caesar) AE3 - AD350-35419 viewsobv: D N IVLIANVS NOB C (bare-headed, draped & cuirassed bust right)
rev: SPER.REI-PVBLICE / ASIRM (emperor standing left, helmeted and in military dress, holding globe & spear)
ref: RIC VIII-Sirmium81, C.41
1.52g, 17mm
berserker
JulianII_Bull~2.jpg
Julian II - 355-363 AD AE3 Apis Bull91 views
JULIAN II. 361-363 AD. 28mm * Constantinople mint.

Obv: D N FL CL IVLI-ANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev: SECVRITAS REIPVB., bull standing right, two stars above; .CONSP(delta)(palm).

Patina: Dark brown

Size: 28mm
Weight: (8.55 gm).

RIC VIII 162; LRBC 2058.

In the spring of 360, Julian's troops rose in revolt against Constantius, and Julian II was proclaimed as Augustus. The depiction of the bull is well understood. Julian II often slaughtered bulls to Mars, the Roman god of war.

"..On 4 May 360, Venus joined Mars to form a single star between the horns of Taurus, the Bull, as the constellation set in the western sky. Two weeks earlier, Mars was between the horns, and Venus rested on the shoulder of the bull. There can be little doubt that this planetary conjunction, or grouping, is shown on this coin.
Tiathena
julianII AE1-2.jpg
JULIAN II AE1 (double majorina) AD360-36326 viewsobv: D.N.FL.CL.IVLIANVS.PF.AVG (diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right)
rev: SECVRITAS.REIPVB / ASIRM (Apis Bull standing right, two stars above)
ref: RIC VIII-Sirmium107
6.22gms, 28mm

Julian came to power in 360 CE in a revolt against Constantius II and tried to reinstate pagan gods. Julian would certainly be looking for a heavenly sign to offset the Christian vision of Constantius' father, Constantine the Great. This event materialized on May 4, 360 as Mars and Venus occulted, thus forming one very bright star. This occultation happened to occur in the constellation of Taurus directly between the horns. Two weeks prior to the occultation, the planets were in the exact location indicated on the coin. This was probably the last coin minted by the Romans that had an astrological base.
berserker
julianII AE1-.jpg
JULIAN II AE1 AD360-36347 viewsobv: D.N.FL.CL.IVLIANVS.PF.AVG (bearded, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right)
ref: SECVRITAS.REIPVB / PCONST (bull standing right, two stars above. In right field: eagle standing right on wreath, head up, holding wreath in beak)
rev: RIC VIII-Arles320 (R)
7.88g, 26mm
Rare
berserker
julianII_arles_309_3.jpg
Julian II RIC VIII, Arles 30945 viewsJulian II the philosopher, 361 - 363, nephew of Constantin I
AR - Siliqua, 1.99g, 16mm
Constantia (Arles) 3. officina, 361 - 363
obv. DN FL CL IVLI - ANVS PF AVG
draped, cuirassed bust, pearl-diademed head r.
rev. VOT/X/MVLT/XX
in laurel-wreath, above medaillon with eagle r.
exergue: TCONST
RIC VIII, Arles 309; C.198
VF
Jochen
julianII_arles_RIC318.jpg
Julian II, RIC VIII, Arles 31825 viewsJulian II, Apostata, 361-363, nephew of Constantine I
AE 1 (Double Maiorina), 27.5mm, 8.8g
Constantia (Arles), 1st officina, spring 360-26. june 363, 2nd group
obv. DN FL CL JVLI - ANVS PF AV
Bust, bearded, draped and cuirassed, pearl-diademed, r.
rev. Bull, stg. r., head facing, 2 stars above; eagle stg. on wreath r., head l., another wreath in beak, before him
in ex. PCONST
RIC VIII, Arles 318; LRBC 468
R!, VF
Thanks to Salem!

Notify the one-eyed bull!
Jochen
julianII_163.jpg
Julian II, RIC VIII, Constantinopolis 163 var.65 viewsJulian II the philosopher 360 - 363, nephew of Constantine I
AE - Maiorina, 7.86g, 23mm
Constantinopolis 4. officina, 1st half of 363 (?)
obv. DN FL CL IVLI - ANVS PF AVG
bust draped, cuirassed, laureate, perl-diademed head r., necklace
rev. SECVRITAS REI PVB
diademed bull, head facing, standing r., two stars above
exergue: CONS Delta between palmbranchs
RIC VIII, Constantinopolis cf. 163 unrecorded; C.38
Rare; about VF
RIC 163 has CONSP Delta between palmbranchs!
Curtis Clay: The mintmark is known in rare smaller pieces, but apparently new on the large bull coins
Added to www.wildwinds.com

The bull is probably not the Apis bull, but an allusion to the planetary constellation in April 360 when Julian became Augustus. On this date the planets Mars and Venus stood between the horns of Taurus at the western heaven.
Jochen
julianII_sirmium_78.jpg
Julian II, RIC VIII, Sirmium 7827 viewsJulian II. as Caesar, AD 360-363
AE 3, 2.37g, 18.62
Sirmium, 2nd officina, 6.Nov.355-summer 361
obv. DN IVLIA - NVS NOB C
Bust, draped and cuirassed, bare-headed, r.
rev. FEL TEMP - REPARATIO
Soldier spearing fallen horseman; who has turned to soldier and extends hand to him.
(RIC type FH3 reaching)
in l. field M
in ex. BSIRM star
ref. RIC VIII, Sirmium 78; LRBC 1614
S!, F+/about VF, brown patina

What happpened with the back of the horse?
Jochen
julianII_thess_225.jpg
Julian II, RIC VIII, Thessalonica 22515 viewsJulian II, AD 361-363
AE - Doppelmaiorina (AE 1), 7.30g, 25mm, 180
Thessalonica, 1st officina, summer 361 - 26.6.363
obv. DN FL CL IVLI - ANVS PF AVG
Bust, draped and cuirassed, pearl-diademed, r.
rev. SECVRITA[S R]EI PVB
Bull, diademed, head facing, stg. r., 2 stars above horns
in ex. TESA between palmbranches
ref. RIC VIII, Thessalonica 225; C. 38
rare (R1), about VF, dark green patina
Jochen
JulianII.JPG
JulianII13 viewsAE3
AD 355-363
DSISL
RIC 382?
JRoME
julian-2-vot.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, JULIAN II - VOTX35 viewsJULIAN II-JULIAN II- 20m Minted at Sirmium

OBV. Helmeted bust left, holding spear and shield
REV. VOT/ X/ MVLT/ XX within wreath
EX. BSIRM.
Attrib.RIC 108,LRBC 1619
black-prophet
julianII_163~0.jpg
Roman Empire, Julian II RIC VIII, Constantinopolis 163 var.381 viewsJulian II the philosopher 360 - 363, nephew of Constantin I
AE - Maiorina, 7.86g, 23mm
Constantinopolis 4. officina, 1st half of 363 (?)
obv. DN FL CL IVLI - ANVS PF AVG
bust draped, cuirassed, laureate, perl-diademed head r., necklace
rev. SECVRITAS REI PVB
diademed bull, head facing, standing r., two stars above
exergue: CONS Delta between palmbranchs
RIC VIII, Constantinopolis cf. 163 unrecorded; C.38
Rare; about VF

RIC 163 has CONSP Delta between palmbranchs!
Curtis Clay: The mintmark is known in rare smaller pieces, but apparently new on the large bull coins
Added to www.wildwinds.com
Jochen
julian-1-vot.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, JULIAN II, AE3 Sirmium63 viewsJULIAN II- 20m Minted at Sirmium

OBV. Helmeted bust left, holding spear and shield
REV. VOT/ X/ MVLT/ XX within wreath
EX. ASIRM.
Attrib.RIC 108,LRBC 1619
2 commentsblack-prophet
JulianIIDOCPic.jpg
Roman Empire, Julian II, AE3, Constantinople346 viewsClosest match is RIC 160. This coin is now published on both Wildwinds.com and the dirtyoldcoins website. This coin is "barely" published as the other example had the exergue broken off of it and the mint was assumed Cyzicus..until now...as my coins shows...it is Constantinople.

Gunner
Gunner
JulianII.jpg
Roman Julian II "The Apostate" Bronze Coin13 viewsA Roman bronze coin of Julian II "The Apostate" minted in Sirmium between 355-360 AD. 17.6mm, 2.1g. chuy1530
   
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