Classical Numismatics Discussion Members' Gallery
  Welcome Guest. Please login or register.

Members' Gallery Home | Member Collections | Last Added | Last Comments | Most Viewed | Top Rated | My Favorities | Search Galleries
Search results - "Hercules"
Quadrante-1.jpg
22 viewsÆ Quadrans - Anonymous - c. 91 BC - Rome Mint
Obv.: Head of Hercules right, wearing lion skin, three pellets behind.
Rev.: Prow right, ROMA above, three pellets before.
Gs. 3,2 mm. 15,7
Craw. 339/4c, Sear RCV 1194

Maxentius
DenQSicinioCCoponiobis.jpg
21 viewsDenarius - 49 BC. - Mint in the East moving with Pompey.
Q. SICINIVS & C. COPONIVS - Gens Sicinia & gens Coponia
Obv.: Q. SICINIVS III. VIR, diademed head of Apollo right;
Rev.:C. COPONIVS. PR. S. C., club of Hercules with lion's skin, arrow & bow.
Gs. 3,6 mm. 17,8
Craw. 444/1b, Sear RCV 413.



Maxentius
cc50283b.jpg
118 viewsPOSTUMUS: Double sestertius,
21.62g.

MINT: COLOGNE

IMP. C. M. CASS. LAT. POSTVMVS P. F. AVG. radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
R/ HERC DEVSONIE[NSI] Hercules standing l. holding club and lionskin, within four-columned temple with three pellets in pediment.

Bastien-231 (7 spec.), C-99 (30 Fr.), RIC-134 (R2).
1 commentspostumus
cc50283a.jpg
113 viewsPOSTUMUS: Double sestertius,
21.62g.

MINT: COLOGNE

IMP. C. M. CASS. LAT. POSTVMVS P. F. AVG. radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
R/ HERC DEVSONIE[NSI] Hercules standing l. holding club and lionskin, within four-columned temple with three pellets in pediment.

Bastien-231 (7 spec.), C-99 (30 Fr.), RIC-134 (R2).
postumus
QuadranteAburioGemino.jpg
27 viewsAE Quadrans - 134 BC. - Mint of Rome
C. ABVRIVS GEMINVS - Gens Aburia
Obv.: Head of Hercules right in lionskin, three pellets behind
Rev.: Prow of galley right. C. ABVRI (AB & VR in monogram) / GEM. three pellets before, ROMA below.
Gs. 4,3 mm. 17,6
Craw. 244/3, Sear RCV 1150, Grueber 1002
Maxentius
DenMVolteio.jpg
83 viewsDenarius - 78 BC. Rome mint
M. VOLTEIVS M. f. - Gens Volteia
Obv.:Head of young Hercules right, wearing lion skin
Rev.: Erymathian Boar right, M VOLTEI M F in exergue.
Gs. 3,8 mm. 18,57
Crawf. 385/2, Sear RCV 313, Grueber 3158

Maxentius
POSTUMUS-2.jpg
36 viewsPOSTUMUS - 260/268 - Billon Antoninianus - Lugdunum mint
Obv: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, Rdiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev: HERC PACIFERO, Hercules standing left, holding olive branch and club
Gms 2,27 mm 23,2
RIC 67 Cohen 101
Maxentius
Trajan_Denarius.jpg
32 viewsTrajan. 98-117AD. AR Denarius (19.5mm, 2.97g). Rome mint. Struck January 101 AD to December 102 AD. IMP CAESAR NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM, laureate head right. / P M TR P · COS · IIII P P, Hercules standing facing on low base, holding club in right hand and lion skin over left arm. RIC II, pg 247, #49. Good VF, attractive blue iridescent toning toning around the devices. NICE EYE APPEAL !!

Ex. Auktion Numismatica Wendt KG, Wien 12 (1976), 256; Ex. Münzen & Medaillen GmbH (DE) 13, #642. Oct. 9, 2003.
1 commentspaul1888
Maximinus_II_a_jpg.png
23 viewsMaximinus II Æ Follis. Nicomedia, struck circa AD 311.
IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, laureate head right
/ HERCVLI VICTORI, Hercules standing right, leaning on club; * and B in left field; SMN in exergue.
RIC VI 68.

21mm, 3.92.
1 commentspaul1888
Tiberius_RIC_90.jpg
3 Tiberius Countermarked AE 3029 viewsTIBERIUS
AE30 of uncertain mint in Commagene
19-20 A.D.

Laureate head right, with countermark: head of Hercules within circle / Winged caduceus between two cornucopiae.

RIC 89, RPC 3868. RIC 89. BMC 174.
Thanks to FORVM member R. Smits for helping to ID the countermark.
RI0053
1 commentsSosius
rjb_car_449bis_04_06.jpg
449bis38 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP C CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "ERCVLI PACIFERO"
Hercules standing left holding club and lions scalp
Unattributed mint
S/P//
RIC - (449 bis)
mauseus
rjb_2016_01_01.jpg
80217 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv “[IMP C CA]RAVSIVS PF AVG”
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev “[HERCVLI] PACIF”
Hercules standing left holding ? and club
Unmarked mint
RIC 802
mauseus
T1118LG.jpg
C POBLICIUS Q F. 80 BC90 viewsHelmeted bust of Roma right / Hercules strangling the Nemean lion; bow and quiver at left; club below. Cr. 380/1.

POBLICIA, a plebian family, but of consular rank. Its cognomen on coins is Malleolus. There are fifteen varieties, all of silver, on some of which a small hammer or mallett is engraved, evidently alluding to the surname Malleolus.

The first of Heracles' twelve labours, set by King Eurystheus (his cousin) was to slay the Nemean lion.

According to one version of the myth, the Nemean lion took women as hostages to its lair in a cave near Nemea, luring warriors from nearby towns to save the damsel in distress. After entering the cave, the warrior would see the woman (usually feigning injury) and rush to her side. Once he was close, the woman would turn into a lion and kill the warrior, devouring his remains and giving the bones to Hades.

Heracles wandered the area until he came to the town of Cleonae. There he met a boy who said that if Heracles slew the Nemean lion and returned alive within 30 days, the town would sacrifice a lion to Zeus; but if he did not return within 30 days or he died, the boy would sacrifice himself to Zeus.[3] Another version claims that he met Molorchos, a shepherd who had lost his son to the lion, saying that if he came back within 30 days, a ram would be sacrificed to Zeus. If he did not return within 30 days, it would be sacrificed to the dead Heracles as a mourning offering.

While searching for the lion, Heracles fetched some arrows to use against it, not knowing that its golden fur was impenetrable; when he found and shot the lion and firing at it with his bow, he discovered the fur's protective property when the arrow bounced harmlessly off the creature's thigh. After some time, Heracles made the lion return to his cave. The cave had two entrances, one of which Heracles blocked; he then entered the other. In those dark and close quarters, Heracles stunned the beast with his club and, using his immense strength, strangled it to death. During the fight the lion bit off one of his fingers. Others say that he shot arrows at it, eventually shooting it in the unarmoured mouth.

After slaying the lion, he tried to skin it with a knife from his belt, but failed. He then tried sharpening the knife with a stone and even tried with the stone itself. Finally, Athena, noticing the hero's plight, told Heracles to use one of the lion's own claws to skin the pelt.

When he returned on the thirtieth day carrying the carcass of the lion on his shoulders, King Eurystheus was amazed and terrified. Eurystheus forbade him ever again to enter the city; in future he was to display the fruits of his labours outside the city gates. Eurystheus warned him that the tasks set for him would become increasingly difficult. He then sent Heracles off to complete his next quest, which was to destroy the Lernaean hydra.

The Nemean lion's coat was impervious to the elements and all but the most powerful weapons. Others say that Heracles' armour was, in fact, the hide of the lion of Cithaeron.
ecoli
Postumus_RIC_Lyons_67.jpg
Gallic 1 Postumus22 viewsPOSTUMUS
AR Antoninianus, Lyons Mint
IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, RDC bust r. / HERC PACIFERO, Hercules st. l., holding olive branch, club and lion's skin
RIC V-II Lyons 67; Sear 10946
Sosius
00001x00~5.jpg
32 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 5.44 g, 12h)
Head of Hercules right
Club
Rostovtsev 2549.1-9; Rostovsev & Prou 374; BM 103-4; München 473-5; Kircheriano 1035, 1040

Ex Artcoins Roma 23 (17 February 2015), lot 582
Ardatirion
00006x00~2.jpg
14 viewsROME
PB Tessera (20mm, 5.35 g, 12h)
Draped bust of Hercules left, wearing lion's skin and holding club over shoulder, with hair and beard in Antonine-Severan style
The Dioscuri standing facing one another, each holding spear and bridle of horse
Rostovtsev 2085; Rostovtsev & Prou 377

Rostovtsev suggests that the obverse may depict Caracalla. This interpretation is somewhat plausible, but unlikely, considering the additional object on the obverse, and the bare head of the figure.
Ardatirion
00030x00~2.jpg
9 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 3.94 g, 12h)
Hercules standing left, holding club and scyphus
Minerva standing facing, holding spear and shield
Rostovtsev 2502.1; München 450-1 var. (size)
Ardatirion
00001x00.jpg
21 viewsROME
PB Tessera (16mm, 3.87 g, 9 h)
Hercules standing left, resting right foot on rock and club on ground
Ram or sheep standing right
Rostowzew – (but cf. 2476, for an uncertain specimen with Hercules/Ram in Florence)
Ardatirion
Koptos.jpg
22 viewsEGYPT, Herakleopolis?
PB Tessera (22mm, 5.26 g, 12h)
Bust of Herakles right, club over shoulder; H behind, P before
Artemis standing facing, head right, drawing arrow from quiver and holding bow; hound at side
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln 3497

Ardatirion
00070x00.jpg
27 viewsEGYPT, Uncertain
PB Tessera (18mm, 2.83 , 1 h)
Tyche reclining left on couch (hiera klinê, or lectisternium), holding rudder in outstretched right hand and resting head on raised left set on pillow; all within distyle temple with pellet in pediment
Hercules standing left, holding club and small figure of Telesphorus
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln -; Roma E-Live 3 (25 October 2018), lot 484 (same dies)
Ardatirion
quadrans.jpg
107 viewsROME. temp. Hadrian-Antoninus Pius. Circa AD 120-161
Æ Quadrans (16mm, 2.94 g, 7h)
Rome mint
Petasus
Winged caduceus; S C flanking
Weigel 18; RIC II 32; Cohen 36

Weigel reconsiders the anonymous quadrantes as a cohesive group. The seriesportrays a pantheon of eleven deities: Jupiter, Minerva, Roma, Neptune, Tiber, Mars, Venus, Apollo, Mercury, Bacchus/Liber, and Hercules. Types are primarily a portrait of the god, with an attribute on the reverse and are usually influenced by (but not directly copied from) earlier designs, primarily from the Republic. He updates the series to the reigns of Hadrian and Antoninus.
5 commentsArdatirion
00022x00.jpg
55 viewsROME. temp. Domitian-Antoninus Pius. Circa AD 81-160
Æ Quadrans (16mm, 3.99 g, 12 h)
Rome mint
Griffin seated left, paw on wheel
Tripod; S C flanking
Weigel 15; RIC II 28; Cohen 38

Weigel reconsiders the anonymous quadrantes as a cohesive group. The seriesportrays a pantheon of eleven deities: Jupiter, Minerva, Roma, Neptune, Tiber, Mars, Venus, Apollo, Mercury, Bacchus/Liber, and Hercules. Types are primarily a portrait of the god, with an attribute on the reverse and are usually influenced by (but not directly copied from) earlier designs, primarily from the Republic. He updates the series to the reigns of Hadrian and Antoninus.
Ardatirion
00013x00~2.jpg
30 viewsUNITED STATES
Brass Pistareen – 2 Reales
Uncertain illicit mint in the New York City area, copying an issue of the Lima mint
Dated 1787 (LIMA) F, though struck circa 1800-1811 or 1820-1830
• CAROLVS III DEI GRATIA •
Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; 1787 below
• HISPAN • ET IND • R EX • (LIMA) • F •
Crowned coat-of-arms flanked by Pillars of Hercules entwined with banners
Kleeburg dies 87A/M2
Ardatirion
postume-dsesterce-herc-pacifero.JPG
Bastien 277 Postumus: double sestertius (Herc Pacifero)14 viewsPostumus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (260-269)
Antoninianus: Herc Pacifero (264-265/6, mint II)

Bronze, 15.52 g, diameter 26 mm, die axis 11h

A/ IMP C M CASS LAT POSTVMVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ HERC-PACIFERO; Hercules, standing left, holding olive branch, club and lion’s skin
Droger
postume-herc-devsoniensi~0.JPG
RIC.64 Postumus: antoninianus (Herc Devsoniensi)9 viewsPostumus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (260-269)
Antoninianus: Herc Devsoniensi (1st emission, 3rd phase, 261, Trèves)

Billon (200 ‰), 2.40 g, diameter 23 mm, die axis 1h

A/ IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ HERC DEVSONIENSI; Hercules standing right, leaning on club, holding bow and lion's skin

EG.15
Droger
postume-herc-pacifero.JPG
RIC.67 Postumus: antoninianus (Herc Pacifero)44 viewsPostumus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (260-269)
Antoninianus: Herc Pacifero (2ond emission, 2ond phase, 262, Trèves)

Billon (200 ‰), 3.37 g, diameter 20 mm, die axis 7h

A/ IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ HERC-PA-CIFERO; Hercules, standing left, holding olive branch, club and lion’s skin

Curious Postumus' big nose.

EG.27
2 commentsDroger
postume-herc-devsoniensi.JPG
RIC.66 Postumus: antoninianus (Herc Devsoniensi)10 viewsPostumus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (260-269)
Antoninianus: Felicitas Avg (3rd emission, 1st phase, 263-265, Trèves)

Billon (150 ‰), 4.09 g, diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 7 h

A/ IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ HERC DEV-SONIENSI; Hercules standing left in temple of four columns, leaning on club and holding lion's skin


EG.40
Droger
COMMODUS_HERC.jpg
(0177) COMMODUS37 views177 - 192 AD
AE 24 mm 10.71 g
O: Commodus as Hercules, in lion skin headdress
R: HER-CVL/RO-MAN/AV-VG/S-C in 4 lines with Club in center, within laurel wreath
Rome; RIC III 644
laney
gord_herc.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III --HERCULES23 views238 - 244 AD
BILLON ANT. 21 X 23 mm 4.24 g
O: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVGVSTI
RAD DR BUST R
R: VIRTVTI AVGVST
HERCULES STANDING R LEANING ON CLUB SET ON ROCK
laney
diocletian_iov_et_herc_res.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN36 views284 - 305 AD
Struck 285 AD
AE Antoninianus 22 mm max., 2.88 g
O: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG - Jupiter standing right holding sceptre and globe, facing Hercules, standing left, with lionskin and club, and holding victory on globe; crescent over G in lower center, XXI in ex
Antioch mint


laney
dioclet_iov_et_herc_res.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN30 views284 - 305 AD
AE 22.5 >> 3.88 g
O: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIAVS P F AVG radiate bust right
R: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG Jupiter holding globe and Hercules holding Victory facing each other; crescent over E in field between; XXI pellet in exe
Antioch mint
laney
Diocletian_Iovi_Et_Hercu_Cons_silv_ant.jpg
(0284) Diocletian / Iovi Hercu Conser51 viewsSilvered Ant. 22mm 3.45 g
284 - 305 AD
Obv: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG
Rad Dr Cuir Bust R
Rev: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG
Jupiter stg R hldg globe and scepter; Hercules stg L hldg Victory, club,& lionskin; crescent over H below
XXI in exe; Antioch RIC V 323
Nearly fully silvered
(J.Ryan)
laney
MAXIMIANUS_B.jpg
(0286) MAXIMIANUS41 views286-305, 307-308, and 310 AD
Struck 286 - 295 AD
AE SILVERED ANT. 22mm 2.66g
O: IMP C M AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
RAD CUIR BUST R
R: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVG
JUPITER R HOLDING GLOBE & SCEPTER FACING HERCULES HOLDING VICTORY ON GLOBE, CLUB, LIONSKIN CRESCENT/B BETWEEN
XII IN EXE
ANTIOCH
(J.Ryan)
laney
maximianus_iovi_B_res.jpg
(0286) MAXIMIANUS23 views286-305, 307-308, and 310 AD
Silvered AE Ant. 22 mm, 4.74 g
O: IMP C M AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG;radiate cuirassed bust right
R: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG Jupiter right holding globe and scepter, facing Hercules left, holding Victory on globe, club, and lionskin; crescent over B between; XXI in exe.
Antioch mint
laney
rjb_2014_01_07.jpg
(VI) 9119 viewsMaximianus I
DN MAXIMIANO PF S AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
HERCVLI CONSERVATORI
Hercules standing facing, head left holding club and bow
-/-//PLN
RIC (VI) 91
mauseus
001_vespasian_tet_14_8grams_feb-01-feb-02-2012_o-r.JPG
0 - a - Vespasian Silver Tetradrachm - 14.8 Grams - Antioch, Syria.74 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Antioch, Syria.
Silver Tetradrachm of Emperor Vespasian ( 69 - 79 AD )

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust of the Emperor facing right.
rev: Eagle, holding a laureate wreath in his beak, standing on club of Hercules facing left, palm branch to left in field.

Size: 28 - 29 mm
Weight: 14.8 Grams.
--
----
--
~*~ CLICK PHOTO FOR FULLSIZE ~*~
~~~
~
6 commentsrexesq
0016.jpg
0016 - Denarius Cornelia 56 BC51 viewsObv/Head of Hercules r. in lion skin, SC and TAS in monogram behind, below winged paws.
Rev/Globe between jeweled wreath and three triumphal wreaths.

Ag, 19.9mm, 3.74g
Moneyer: Faustus Cornelius Sulla.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 426/4a [dies o/r: 33/37] - Syd. 882 - BMCRR 3912 - Cohen Cornelia 49 - Calicó 498 - RCV 385 - RSC Cornelia 61
ex-Kuenker, auction 124, lot 8390
1 commentsdafnis
Trajanus.jpg
002 - Trajan (98-117 AD), denarius - RIC 4961 viewsObv: IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM, laureate head right.
Rev: P M TR P COS IIII P P, Hercules, nude, standing facing on pedestal with club, apple and lion skin.
Minted in Rome 101-103 AD.
1 commentspierre_p77
0010-010np_noir.jpg
0030 - Republic, Didrachm197 viewsRome mint c. 269-266 BC
No legend, Diademed head of young Hercules right, with club and lion's skin over shoulder
ROMANO, She wolf right, suckling Romulus and Remus
7.29 gr
Ref : RCV # 24, RSC # 8
6 commentsPotator II
0228_HISP_J_C_Cy98_2891.jpg
0228 - 1 Real Juana & Carlos 1542-1555 AC3 viewsObv/ Crowned coat of arms, M with circle above to l., O to r.; around, CAROLUS o ET o IOHANA o REGS
Rev/ Pillars of Hercules on waves, PL VS VL in between, central dot; around, HISPANIARVM o ET o INDIARVM

Ag, 23.5 mm, 3.32 g
Mint: México
Cy98/2891
ex-Agora Auctions, auction 81, lot 250
dafnis
Dioclet_var.jpg
023 - Diocletian (284-305 AD), pre-reform Antoninianus - RIC 184 (unlisted var.)30 viewsObv: IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: VIRTVS AVGG, Hercules standing facing, head to left, holding club and trophy.
Minted in Rome (XX crescent IA in exe), first officina, 291 AD.

The exergual mark XX crescent IA is not listed in RIC for this type, nor have I found it anywhere else. Possibly unknown var.? If anyone knows an other ex I would be delighted to hear of it.
pierre_p77
0235_HISP_CarIII_Cy11299.jpg
0235 - 1 Real Carlos III 1770 AC5 viewsObv/ Coat of arms, P and I to the sides, around, CAROLVS - III - DG - (HISPA)N ET IND REX
Rev/ Pillars of Hercules on waves, flanking globe; around, VTRA (QUE) VNVM G 1770 G, stars separating words.

Ag, 20.5 mm, 2.98 g
Mint: Guatemala
Cy98/10555 - Cy/11299
ex-Cayón, auction Feb 2019, Pillars Milled Colln, lot 808
dafnis
0236_HISP_CarIII_Cy11314.jpg
0236 - 1 Real Carlos III 1772 AC3 viewsObv/ Coat of arms, R and I to the sides, around, CAR - III - D - G - HISP - ET IND - R -
Rev/ Pillars of Hercules on waves, flanking globe; around, VTRA QUE VNVM, below LM - 1772 - JM.

Ag, 21.2 mm, 3.23 g
Mint: Lima
Cy98/10556 - Cy/11314
ex-Cayón, auction Feb 2019, Pillars Milled Colln, lot 863
dafnis
0237_HISP_CarIII_Cy11298.jpg
0237 - 1 Real Carlos III 1769 AC2 viewsObv/ Coat of arms, R and I to the sides, around, CAR - III - D - G - HISP - ET IND - R -
Rev/ Pillars of Hercules on waves, flanking globe; around, VTRA QUE VNVM, below PTS in monogram - 1769 - JR.

Ag, 20.5 mm, 3.34 g
Mint: Potosí
Cy98/10546 - Cy/11298
ex-Cayón, auction Feb 2019, Pillars Milled Colln, lot 1000
dafnis
Diocletian_ant2.jpg
027 - Diocletian (284-305 AD), pre-reform Antoninianus - RIC 32333 viewsObv. IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev. IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter standing right, holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules standing left, holding Victory, club and lion´s skin.
Minted in Antioch (* and B in field, XXI in exe), second officina, 285 AD.
1 commentspierre_p77
Traian_AE-4_Quadrans_IMP-CAES-TRAIAN-AVG-GERM_Boar_walking_right_S-C_RIC-702-C-341_BMC-1062_Rome-98-102-AD_Q-001_6h_14,5-15,5mm_g-s.jpg
027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), RIC II 0702, Rome, AE-Quadrans, Boar walking right, S C in exergue, Scarce !, #176 views027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), RIC II 0702, Rome, AE-Quadrans, Boar walking right, S C in exergue, Scarce !, #1
avers:- IMP-CAES-TRAIAN-AVG-GERM, Diademed bust of Hercules right with lion-skin on neck.
revers:- Boar walking right, S C in exergue.
exe: -/-//SC, diameter:14,5-15,5mm, weight: 2,91g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: A.D., ref: RIC-II-702, BMC 1062, C-341, Scarce!
Q-001
quadrans
27d.jpg
027d Trajan. AE quadrant 1.5gm26 viewsobv: IMP CAES TRAIAN AVG GERM bust of Hercules, laur.drp. r.
rev: SC eather side of club
hill132
Diocletian_ant3.jpg
028 - Diocletian (284-305 AD), pre-reform Antoninianus - RIC 32328 viewsObv. IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev. IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter standing right, holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules standing left, holding Victory, club and lion´s skin.
Minted in Antioch (crescent delta in field, XXI in exe), fourth officina, 285 AD.
pierre_p77
Diocletian_ant7.jpg
029 - Diocletian (284-305 AD), pre-reform Antoninianus - RIC 32328 viewsObv. IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev. IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter standing right, holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules standing left, holding Victory, club and lion´s skin.
Minted in Antioch (delta in field, XXI. in exe), fourth officina, 293 AD.
pierre_p77
Commodus_AR-Den_L-AEL-AVREL-COMM-AVG-P-FEL_HERCVLI-ROMANO-AVG_RIC-III-254a-p-395_C-_Rome_192-AD_Scarce_Q-001_axis-6h_16-16,5mm_2,67g-s.jpg
041b Commodus (166-180 A.D. as Caesar, 180-192 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0254a, Rome, AR-denarius, HERCVLI ROMANO AVG, Hercules ang trophy, Scarce !86 views041b Commodus (166-180 A.D. as Caesar, 180-192 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0254a, Rome, AR-denarius, HERCVLI ROMANO AVG, Hercules ang trophy, Scarce !
avers:- L-AEL-AVREL-COMM-AVG-P-FEL, Laureate head right.
revers:- HERCVLI-ROMANO-AVG, Hercules standing left, touching trophy and holding club with lion skin.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 16-16,5mm, weight: 2,67g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 192 A.D., ref: RIC-III-254a, p-395, C-, S-5646,
Q-001
quadrans
049_BC-_Q__SICINIVS_III__VIR__C__COPONIVS__PR__S__C__Crawford_444-1a__Sydenham_939__RSC_Sicinia_1_Q-001_5h_16,5mm_3,31g-s.jpg
049 B.C., Q. Sicinius and C. Coponius., Denarius, Crawford 444/1a, C•COPONIVS• PR•S•C•, Club of Hercules, arrow and bow,131 views049 B.C., Q. Sicinius and C. Coponius., Denarius, Crawford 444/1a, C•COPONIVS• PR•S•C•, Club of Hercules, arrow and bow,
avers: Q•SICINIVS III•VIR, diademed head of Apollo right, star below.
revers: C•COPONIVS• PR•S•C•, Hercules' club surmounted by lion skin, scalp right, bow on right, arrow on left.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5mm, weight: 3,31g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 49 B.C., ref: Crawford 444/1a, Sydenham 939, Sicinia 1,
Q-001
"An important type, one of the first of the "Imperatorial" series. Struck at a military mint in the East, 49 B.C., after the moneyer, owing his appointment to Pompey the Great, fled Caesar's advance upon Rome with the Praetor Coponius (commander of the fleet), and part of the Senate (thus the S C on the reverse, to lend legitimacy to the coinage). Coponius is likely the father or grandfather of the man by the same name who served as procurator in Judaea under Augustus, from A.D. 6 to A.D. 9."
quadrans
05-Epaticcus.jpg
05. Epaticcus.29 viewsAR unit, ca 25-35 AD.
Obverse: EPATI / Bust of a man (Hercules ?).
Reverse: Eagle standing on snake, wings spread.
1.34 gm., 11 mm.
Seaby #356 (old #113); VA #580-1.
1 commentsCallimachus
Caracalla_AR-Den_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-BRIT_P-M-TR-P-XVI-COS-IIII-P-P_RIC-IV-I-206a-p-241_C-220_Rome_213-AD_Q-001_axis-1h_18,5-19mm_2,96g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 206a, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XVI COS IIII P P, Hercules standing left, 90 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 206a, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XVI COS IIII P P, Hercules standing left,
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-BRIT, Laureate head right.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVI-COS-IIII-P-P, Hercules standing left, holding branch and club with lion skin.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5-19mm, weight: 2,96g, axis: 1h,
mint: Rome, date: 213 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-206a, p-241, C-220,
Q-001
quadrans
56_4_PanoramaBlack1.jpg
056/4 Subgroup 85 & 86A AE Triens60 viewsAnonymous. Ae Triens. Apulia. 212-208 BC. (9.08 g, 23.72 g) Obv: Helmeted head of Minerva right, four pellets above. Rev: ROMA, prow right, four pellets below.

Originally defined as Crawford 56/4, this type of Triens have been assigned to subgroup 85 & 86A. This is a Q or H triens, that is missing the Q or H. Andrew McCabe gives the subgroup the number F1 which has the following characteristics:

"Mint: Apulia. Second Punic war. Related to RRC 85 H, and RRC 86 anchor and Q. Obverses are in high relief. The general style, for examples Janus, or Hercules’ truncation, or the regular reverse prow, is like RRC 86 anchor and Q. Reverses of Sextans and Quadrans have either regular, or Luceria style, prows with a club in an elevated fighting platform. On regular reverses, the top and central keel lines join half way across prow. Flans are thin and broad akin to late issues of Luceria. All denominations As through Sextans are known."

"The regular reverse prow is tall (height/width) with a fighting platform and deck structure elevated more than usual, and there is always a line extending either side of the deck structure. The keel-lines are also distinctive, with the middle of the three lines always converging with the top line half way across the prow... These specific design features – especially the middle keel line converging with the upper line half way across the prow – are identical with and typical of the RRC 86A Q series from Apulia58... The obverses of all denominations are in high relief, and show high quality engraving."

"So a close geographic and timing link between the Anchor Q, H, L, L-T, CA and P coins can be posited. These coins are certainly a second Punic war issue from Apulia. It remains open for discussion which city minted these group F1 coins, presumably alongside the RRC 85 and RRC 86 issues."

This is one out of six specimens: "F1 Triens: 6 coins, mean 9.4 grams, heaviest 10.5 grams".

All quotes are from the work of Andrew McCabe.

Link to thread at Forvm Ancient Coins: http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=90604.0

On this topic at Andrew McCabe's homepage: http://andrewmccabe.ancients.info/RRC056.html

I would strongly recommend anyone who wants to learn more about Roman Republican coins to give Andrew McCabe's homepage a visit.


1 commentsPaddy
RI_064mg_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus Ae As - RIC 764A43 viewsObv:- SEVERVS PIVS AVG P M TR P XII, Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:- To left, Bacchus standing right, holding cup and thyrsos, a panther at his feet; to right, Hercules standing left, holding club and lion's skin; on cippus between them, COS / III / LVD / SAEC / FEC , in exergue, S C.
Minted in Rome in A.D. 204 to celebrate the Seacular games with Septimus' hometown gods Liber and Hercules as patrons of his games.
Reference:- RIC IV, Part 1, No. 764A (Rated R2)

A rough example but a rare type.

Curtis Clay's die catalogue includes ten specimens of this coin, all from the same obverse die, nine of them from the same reverse die of this coin, one from a second reverse die.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 064bp img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 09751 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIIII, Laureate head right
Rev:– HERCVLI DEFENS, Hercules standing right, resting on club and holding bow and lion-skin on left arm
Minted in Rome. A.D. 197
Reference:– RIC 97. RSC 212
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064ix_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 09728 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIIII, Laureate head right
Rev:– HERCVLI DEFENS, Hercules standing right, resting on club and holding bow and lion-skin on left arm
Minted in Rome. A.D. 197
Reference:– RIC 97. RSC 212
maridvnvm
RI 066ak img.jpg
066 - Caracalla denarius - RIC 206a 18 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate bust right
Rev:– P M TR P XVI COS IIII P P, Hercules standing left,holding club and lion skin plus a branch in right hand
Minted in Rome. A.D. 213
Reference:– Van Meter 60/2. RIC 206a. RCV02 6828. RSC 220.
maridvnvm
RI 066e img.jpg
066 - Caracalla denarius - RIC 206b118 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS PIVS FEL AVG, Laureate bust right
Rev:– P M TR P XVI COS IIII P P, Hercules standing left, holding olive-branch and club
Minted in Rome, A.D. 213
References:– VM 60/2, RIC 206b (Common), RCV02 6828, RSC 221
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Gordianus-III_AG-Ant_IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_VIRTVTI-AVGVSTI_RIC-IV-III-95-p-25_RSC-404__Rome__241-243-AD_Q-001_6h__22-23mm_4,29g-s.jpg
072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 095, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, VIRTVTI-AVGVSTI, Hercules standing right,76 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 095, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, VIRTVTI-AVGVSTI, Hercules standing right,
avers: IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
revers: VIRTVTI-AVGVSTI, Hercules, naked, standing right, right hand on hip, left hand on club on rock, lion-skin beside club.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 4,29g, axis:6h,
mint: Rome, date: 241-243 A.D.(4th. Issue), ref: RIC IV-III-95, p-25, RSC-404,
Q-001
quadrans
072_Gordianus-III__(238-244_A_D_),_RIC_116_AR-Den__IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_VIRTVTI-AVGVSTI_p-27_4th-iss__C-403_Rome_241-243-AD_Rare_Q-001_7h_19,5-20,5mm_2,93g-s.jpg
072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 116, AR-Denarius, Rome, VIRTVTI AVGVSTI, Rare!, #163 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 116, AR-Denarius, Rome, VIRTVTI AVGVSTI, Rare!, #1
avers: IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
revers: VIRTVTI-AVGVSTI, Hercules standing front with club in right hand at feet.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 19,5-20,5mm, weight: 2,93g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 241-243 A.D.(4th Issue), ref: RIC IV-III 116, p-27, C-403,
Q-001
quadrans
RI 087b img.jpg
087 - Gordian III Antoninianus - RIC 09543 viewsObv:– IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVTI AVGVSTI, Hercules standing front, head right, holding club on rock and lion skin
Minted in Rome
Reference:– Van Meter 64, RIC 95, RSC 404
Weight 4.86 gms
Dimensions 22.17mm
maridvnvm
RI 087j img.jpg
087 - Gordian III Antoninianus - RIC 09543 viewsObv:– IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVTI AVGVSTI, Hercules standing right, leaning on club, which rests on a rock
Minted in Rome.
Reference:– Van Meter 64, RIC 95, RSC 404
Weight 3.61 gms
Dimensions 22.45mm
maridvnvm
RI 087p img.jpg
087 - Gordian III Antoninianus - RIC 09538 viewsObv:– IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVTI AVGVSTI, Hercules standing front, head right, holding club on rock and lion skin
Minted in Rome
Reference:– Van Meter 64, RIC 95, RSC 404
Weight 4.37 gms
Dimensions 21.77mm
maridvnvm
Rep_AE-Quadrans_Q-001_axis-h_xxmm_xxg-s.jpg
091 B.C., Republic, AE-Quadrans, SRCV 1194, ???100 views091 B.C., Republic, AE-Quadrans, SRCV 1194, ???
avers:- Head of Hercules right, wearing lion’s skin, behind, three pellets.
revers: - Prow right, and before, three pellets.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 91 B.C., ref: SRCV-1194,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Postumus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-POSTVMVS-dotPdotFdot-AVG_HERC-DEVS-ONIENSI_RIC-VII-64v-p-342-C-91v_(dots_in_legend_not_in_RIC)_AD_Scarce_Q-001_axis-5h_22-23mm_3,26g-s.jpg
098 Postumus (260-269 A.D.), Lugdunum, RIC V-II 064v., AE-Antoninianus, HERC DEVSONIENSI, Hercules standing right, #166 views098 Postumus (260-269 A.D.), Lugdunum, RIC V-II 064v., AE-Antoninianus, HERC DEVSONIENSI, Hercules standing right, #1
avers: IMP C POSTVMVS•P•F•AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. (dots in legend not in RIC !!!)
reverse: HERC DEVS ONIENSI, Hercules standing right, leaning on the club, holding lion's skin and bow.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 22,0-23,0mm, weight: 3,26g, axes:5h,
mint: Lugdunum, date: 260-269 A.D.,
ref: RIC V-II 64v., Elmer 187, Cohen 91v., (dots in legend not in RIC !!!)
Q-001
quadrans
Postumus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-POSTVMVS-PF-AVG_HERC-PACIFERO_RIC-VII-67-p-342-3C_Lugdunum_AD_Q-001_2h_21-22mm_3,37ga-s.jpg
098 Postumus (260-269 A.D.), Lugdunum, RIC V-II 067, AE-Antoninianus, HERC PACIFERO, Hercules standing right, #1173 views098 Postumus (260-269 A.D.), Lugdunum, RIC V-II 067, AE-Antoninianus, HERC PACIFERO, Hercules standing right, #1
avers: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: HERC PACIFERO, Hercules standing right, holding olive branch and club.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 21,0-22,0mm, weight: 3,37g, axes: 2h,
mint: Lugdunum, date: 260-269 A.D.,
ref: RIC V-II 67, RSC 101, Sear 10946,
Q-001
quadrans
hierapolis_AE18.jpg
098-217 AD - HIERAPOLIS (Phrygia) AE18 62 viewsobv: - (bare head of Hercules)
rev: IERAPO-LITWN (winged Nemesis standing left, holding bridle, within dotted border)
ref: SNG Cop. 422. Weber, Hierapolis 142, 8
4.43gms, 18mm
Rare
Hierapolis can mean "sacred city", because of the several temples. The city was devastated by an earthquake which took place in 17 A.D. during the reign of Tiberius. In 60 AD, during the rule of emperor Nero, an even more severe earthquake left the city completely in ruins. Afterwards the city was rebuilt in Roman style with the financial support from the emperor. Hierapolis was visited by the Emperor Hadrian in 129 A.D., the Emperor Caracalla in 215 and the Emperor Valens in 370.
On obverse is a typical Hercules head, compare to my CORNELIA 58 denarius.
berserker
98a.jpg
098a Vabalathus. AE antoninianus18 viewsobv: IMP C VHABALATHVS AVG rad. drp. cuir. bust r. seen from behind
rev: IVENVS AVG Hercules std. r. holding lions skin and leaning
on club, holding three apples
fld: * in r.
hill132
coin407.JPG
102. Trajan16 viewsTrajan Æ Quadrans. IMP CAES TRAIAN AVG GERM, diademed bust of Hercules right with lion-skin on neck / Boar walking right, SC in ex. RIC 702, Cohen 341. ecoli
104_Claudius_II__(268-270_A_D_),IMP_C_CLAVDIVS_AVG,_IVVENTVS_AVG,_Delta,_T-1022,_Antioch,_iss-1,_off-4,_268-9,_Q-001,_h,_19mm,_4,08g-s.jpg
104 Claudius II. (268-270 A.D.), T-1022 (Estiot), RIC V-I 104var., Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, IVVENTVS AVG, -/-//Δ, Hercules standing, facing, #1103 views104 Claudius II. (268-270 A.D.), T-1022 (Estiot), RIC V-I 104var., Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, IVVENTVS AVG, -/-//Δ, Hercules standing, facing, #1
avers:- IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, seen from rear, (D2).
revers:- IVVENTVS AVG, Hercules standing, facing, head left, right hand leaning on club, and holding apple in left hand, lion's skin over left arm. (Hercules 4).
exerg: -/-//Δ, diameter: 19,0mm, weight: 4,08g, axes: h,
mint: Antioch, iss-1, off-4, date: 268-269 A.D., ref: T-1022 (Estiot), RIC V-I 213,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
104_Claudius_II__(268-270_A_D_),IMP_C_CLAVD(I)VS_AVG,dot,_IVVENTVS_AVG,_RIC-213,T-1057var_,_Antioch,_iss-3,_off-4,_270,_Q-001,_0h,_20mm,_3,01g-s.jpg
104 Claudius II. (268-270 A.D.), T-1057var. (Estiot), RIC V-I 113var., Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, IVVENTVS AVG, -/-//--, Hercules standing, facing, #1135 views104 Claudius II. (268-270 A.D.), T-1057var. (Estiot), RIC V-I 113var., Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, IVVENTVS AVG, -/-//--, Hercules standing, facing, #1
avers:- IMP C CLAVD(I)VS AVG (Legends error I are missing), Bust left, radiate, with traces of drapery to front of truncation, one or two dot under the bust(!!!), (A2l).
revers:- IVVENTVS AVG, Hercules standing, facing, head left, right hand leaning on club, and holding apple in left hand, lion's skin over left arm, (Hercules 4).
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 20,0mm, weight: 3,01g, axes: 0h,
mint: Antioch, iss-3, off-4, date: 270 A.D., ref: T-1057var. (Estiot), RIC V-I 213,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
coin229.JPG
106. Commodus32 viewsCommodus

According to Gibbon, the emperor Commodus spent the early years of his reign "in a seraglio of three hundred beautiful women and as many boys, of every rank and of every province." Later, adding bloodshed to his round of pleasures, he launched a career in murder, beginning with the dispatch of the usual senators, ministers and family members and continuing with the slaughter of beasts. Styling himself the Roman Hercules, he went as a performer into the amphitheater, where he cut down before the public a number of ostriches, a panther, a hundred lions, an elephant, a rhinoceros and a giraffe. He then entered the lists as a gladiator. Commodus fought 735 times and paid himself such a high fee for each appearance that a new tax had to be levied. He was strangled by a wrestler while drunk.

Denarius. 192 AD. L AEL AVREL COMM AVG P FEL, laureate head right / P M TR P XVII IMP VIII COS VII P P, Fides standing left holding standard & cornucopiae, star right. RSC 583a. RIC 233
ecoli
sept-severus_denarius_hercules.jpg
11 - Septimius Severus AR Denarius - ' 'HERCULI DEFENS ' - Hercules81 viewsRoman Empire, Severan Dynasty.
Emperor Septimius Severus (193 - 211 AD) Silver Denarius.

obv: - Laureate head right.
rev: HERCULI DEFENS - Hercules standing facing right, leaning on club, cloaked w/ lionskin.
---------
Nice reverse!
6 commentsrexesq
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_AERCVLI-PACIF_S-XXT_Bust-F_RIC-375-p-58_4th-em_Ticinum_278-AD_Scarce_Q-001_axis-6h_21,5mm_3,25g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 375, Ticinum, AERCVLI PACIF, Bust-F, -/-//SXXT, Hercules standing left,70 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 375, Ticinum, AERCVLI PACIF, Bust-F, -/-//SXXT, Hercules standing left,
avers:- IMP-C-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (F),
revers:- AERCVLI-PACIF, Hercules standing left, holding olive-branch, club and lion’s skin.
exerg: -/-//SXXT, diameter: 21,5mm, weight: 3,25g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, 4th. emission, date: 278 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-375, p-58,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG_AERCVLI-PACIF_S-XXT_Bust-F-l-square_RIC-376-p-58_3rd-em_Ticinum_277-AD_Scarce_Q-001_axis-6h_22-22,5mm_3,36g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 376, Ticinum, AERCVLI PACIF, Bust-Heroic type in "Square shield", -/-//SXXT, Hercules standing left, Scarce!79 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 376, Ticinum, AERCVLI PACIF, Bust-Heroic type in "Square shield", -/-//SXXT, Hercules standing left, Scarce!
avers:- VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG, Radiate, heroically nude bust left, holding spear and aegis,"Square shield", seen from back.
revers:- AERCVLI-PACIF, Hercules standing left, holding olive-branch, club and lion’s skin.
exerg: -/-//SXXT, diameter: 22-22,5mm, weight: 3,36g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, 3rd. emission, date: 277A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-376, p-58, Heroic Bust Type , Square shield, seen from back,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_VIRTVS-PR-OBI-A-VG_HERCVLI-PACIF_S-XXT_Bust-G_RIC-376-p-58_4th-em_Ticinum_278-AD_Scarce_Q-001_0h_21,5mm_2,95g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 376, Ticinum, HERCVLI PACIF, Bust type G, -/-//SXXT, Hercules standing left, Scarce!99 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 376, Ticinum, HERCVLI PACIF, Bust type G, -/-//SXXT, Hercules standing left, Scarce!
avers: VIRTVS-PR-OBI-A-VG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield. (G)
revers: HERCVLI-PACIF, Hercules standing left, holding olive-branch, club and lion’s skin.
exerg: -/-//SXXT, diameter: 21,5mm, weight: 2,95g, axes: 0h,
mint: Ticinum, 4th. emission, date: 278A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-376, p-58, Bust Type G,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG_HERCVLI-PACIF_S-XXT_Bust-F-square_RIC-376-p-58_Ticinum_376-AD_Scarce_Q-001_0h_22-23mm_3,89g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 376, Ticinum, HERCVLI PACIF, Bust-Heroic type in "Square shield", -/-//SXXT, Hercules standing left, Scarce!163 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 376, Ticinum, HERCVLI PACIF, Bust-Heroic type in "Square shield", -/-//SXXT, Hercules standing left, Scarce!
avers: VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG, Radiate, heroically nude bust left, holding spear and aegis,"Square shield", seen from back.
revers: HERCVLI-PACIF, Hercules standing left, holding olive-branch, club and lion’s skin.
exerg: -/-//SXXT, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 3,89g, axes: 0h,
mint: Ticinum, 3rd. emission, date: 276A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-376, p-58, Heroic Bust Type , Square shield, seen from back,
Q-001
quadrans
DSS_Q-001_axis-7h_18-19,5mm_3,56g-s.jpg
112-111 B.C., Ti. Quinctius, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 297/1, Rome, Two horses left,222 views112-111 B.C., Ti. Quinctius, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 297/1, Rome, Two horses left,
avers: Bust of Hercules left, wearing lion's skin headdress, club over the shoulder.
reverse: Two horses left, the rider on the nearer horse, TI Q and rat below, DOS•S in incuse on the tablet in exergue.
exergue: -/-//DOS•S, diameter: 18-19,5mm, weight: 3,56g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date:112-111 B.C., ref: Crawford 297-1, Sydenham 563, Quinctia 6,
Q-001
quadrans
rjb_p6_03_09.jpg
11351 viewsAE sestertius
Trier Mint
VIRTVS POSTVMI AVG
Helmeted bust left with spear and shield
HERC DEVSONIENSI
Hercules standing right leaning on club
Bastien 113a (obv. and rev. die duplicate)
1 commentsmauseus
RI 115h img.jpg
115 - Postumus Ant. - RIC 064 C27 viewsObv:– IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– HERC DEVSONIENSI, Hercules, standing right, leaning on club, holding bow and lion’s skin
Ref:- RIC 64 Bust Type C, attributed to Lugdunum
maridvnvm
RI 115g img.jpg
115 - Postumus Ant. - RIC 067 A17 viewsObv:– IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped bust right
Rev:– HERC PACIFERO, Hercules, standing left, holding olive branch, club and lion’s skin
Ref:- RIC 67 Bust Type A, attributed to Lugdunum
maridvnvm
Diocletianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-VAL-DIOCLETIANVS-AVG_HERCVLI-CONSERVAT_SXXIT_Ticinum-RIC-V-II-215-p-242_288-AD_Q-001_0h_21-21,5mm_3,41g-s.jpg
119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Ticinum, RIC V-II 215, AE-Antoninianus, -/-//SXXIT, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Hercules standing right, #1112 views119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Ticinum, RIC V-II 215, AE-Antoninianus, -/-//SXXIT, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Hercules standing right, #1
avers:- IMP C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG (5-F), Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- HERCVLI CONSERVAT, Hercules standing right, holding lion skin and leaning on club set on rock.
exerg: -/-//SXXIT, diameter: 21-21,5mm, weight: 3,41 g, axes: 0h,
mint: Ticinum, date: 288 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 215, p-242,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG_VIRTVTI-AVGG_-_RIC-V-II-454-p272_C-652_Lugdunum_289-AD_Scarce_Q-001_6h_21,5-23,5mm_3,47g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Lugdunum, RIC V-II 454, AE-Ant., -/-//--, VIRTVTI AVG G, Hercules standing right, #1188 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Lugdunum, RIC V-II 454, AE-Ant., -/-//--, VIRTVTI AVG G, Hercules standing right, #1
avers:- IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- VIRTVTI AVG G, Hercules standing right, wrestling the Nemean lion; club to left.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: 21,5-23,5mm, weight: 3,47g, axis: 6h,
mint: Lugdunum, date: 289 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-454, p-272,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-A-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG_CONSERVATOR-AVG-G_Gamma_XXIdotLambdaIdot_RIC-V-II-581var-p290_C-70var_Siscia_289-90-AD_Q-001_6h_22,5-23,5mm_3,99g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., Γ/-/XXI•ΛI•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules, #170 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., Γ/-/XXI•ΛI•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-A-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
reverse: CONSERVATOR-AVG-G, Maximian standing right on left, holding scepter, facing Hercules on right, resting hand on club; both sacrificing over altar.
exergue: Γ/-/XXI•ΛI•, diameter: 21,5-23,5mm, weight: 3,72g, axis: 11h,
mint: Siscia, date: 289-290 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 581var, p-290,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-A-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG_CONSERVATOR-AVG-G_Gamma_dotXXIdotLambdaIdot_RIC-V-II-581var-p290_C-70var_Siscia_289-90-AD_Q-001_6h_23,5mm_3,36g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., -/Γ/•XXI•ΛI•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules, #1210 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., -/Γ/•XXI•ΛI•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-A-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, bust right, drapery on far shoulder.
reverse: CONSERVATOR-AVG-G, Maximian standing right on left, holding scepter, facing Hercules on right, resting hand on club; both sacrificing over altar.
exergue: -/Γ/•XXI•ΛI•, diameter: 23,5mm, weight: 3,36g, axis:6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 289-290 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-581var, p-290,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-A_VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG_CONSERVATOR-AVGG_B-XXI-KOY_RIC-V-II-580-p287_C-71_Siscia_289-90-AD_Q-001_11h_22,5mm_4,36g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., -/-//BXXIKOY, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules, #189 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., -/-//BXXIKOY, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-A-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed, bust right.
reverse: CONSERVATOR-AVG-G, Maximian standing right on left, holding scepter, facing Hercules on right, resting hand on club; both sacrificing over altar.
exergue: -/-//BXXIKOY, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 4,36g, axis: 11h,
mint: Siscia, date: 289-290 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-581var, p-290,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-A-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG_CONSERVATOR-AVG-G_XXIGammadotLambdaIdot_RIC-V-II-581var-p290_C-70var_Siscia_289-90-AD_Q-001_0h_22,5mm_3,11g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., -/-/XXIΓ•ΛI•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules, #195 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., -/-/XXIΓ•ΛI•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-A-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
reverse: CONSERVATOR-AVG-G, Maximian standing right on left, holding scepter, facing Hercules on right, resting hand on club; both sacrificing over altar.
exergue: -/-/XXIΓ•ΛI•, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 3,11g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 289-290 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-581var, p-290,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-A-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG_CONSERVATOR-AVG-G_XXIAdotHPdot_RIC-V-II-581var-p290_C-70var_Siscia_289-90-AD_Q-001_5h_22-23,5mm_3,12g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., -/-/XXIA•HP•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules, #162 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., -/-/XXIA•HP•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-A-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
reverse: CONSERVATOR-AVG-G, Maximian standing right on left, holding scepter, facing Hercules on right, resting hand on club; both sacrificing over altar.
exergue: -/-/XXIA•HP•, diameter: 22-23,5mm, weight: 3,12g, axis: 5h,
mint: Siscia, date: 289-290 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-581var, p-290,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-A_VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG_CONSERVATOR-AVGG_B_XXI-KOY_RIC-V-II-580-p287_C-71_Siscia_289-90-AD_Q-001_6h_22-23mm_2,98g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., -/-/XXIBKOY, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules, #161 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., -/-/XXIBKOY, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-A-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed, bust right.
reverse: CONSERVATOR-AVG-G, Maximian standing right on left, holding scepter, facing Hercules on right, resting hand on club; both sacrificing over altar.
exergue: -/-/XXIBKOY, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 2,98g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 289-290 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-581var, p-290,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-A-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG_CONSERVATOR-AVG-G_XXIBdotKOYdot_RIC-V-II-581var-p290_C-70var_Siscia_289-90-AD_Q-001_11h_21,5-23,5mm_3,72g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., -/-/XXIB•KOY•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules, #1107 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., -/-/XXIB•KOY•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-A-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed, bust right.
reverse: CONSERVATOR-AVG-G, Maximian standing right on left, holding scepter, facing Hercules on right, resting hand on club; both sacrificing over altar.
exergue: -/-/XXIB•KOY•, diameter: 21,5-23,5mm, weight: 3,72g, axis: 11h,
mint: Siscia, date: 289-290 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-581var, p-290,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-A_VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG_CONSERVATOR-AVGG_B_XXI-KOY_RIC-V-II-580-p287_C-71_Siscia_289-90-AD_Q-001_6h_22-22,5mm_3,63gs.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., -/B/XXIKOY, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules, #167 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., -/B/XXIKOY, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-A-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed, bust right.
reverse: CONSERVATOR-AVG-G, Maximian standing right on left, holding scepter, facing Hercules on right, resting hand on club; both sacrificing over altar.
exergue: -/B/XXIKOY, diameter: 22-22,5mm, weight: 3,63g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 289-290 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-581var, p-290,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-A-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG_CONSERVATOR-AVG-G_A_XXIHP_RIC-V-II-581var-p290_C-70var_Siscia_289-90-AD_Q-001_7h_22-22,5mm_3,34gs.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., A/-/XXIHP, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules, #166 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., A/-/XXIHP, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-A-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, bust right.
reverse: CONSERVATOR-AVG-G, Maximian standing right on left, holding scepter, facing Hercules on right, resting hand on club; both sacrificing over altar.
exergue: A/-/XXIHP, diameter: 22-22,5mm, weight: 3,34g, axis: 7h,
mint: Siscia, date: 289-290 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-581var, p-290,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-A-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG_CONSERVATOR-AVG-G_A_dotXXIHPdot_RIC-V-II-581var-p290_C-70var_Siscia_289-90-AD_Q-001_7h_22,5-23mm_3,62g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., A/-/•XXIHP•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules,86 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 581var, AE-Ant., A/-/•XXIHP•, CONSERVATOR AVG G, Maximian and Hercules,
avers: IMP-C-M-A-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, bust right.
reverse: CONSERVATOR-AVG-G, Maximian standing right on left, holding scepter, facing Hercules on right, resting hand on club; both sacrificing over altar.
exergue: A/-/•XXIHP•, diameter: 21,5-23,5mm, weight: 3,72g, axis: 11h,
mint: Siscia, date: 289-290 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-581var, p-290,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus_Q-009_h_mm_g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC V-II 549, AE-Ant., -/-//QXXIT, HERCVLI CONSERVAT, Hercules standing left, #176 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC V-II 549, AE-Ant., -/-//QXXIT, HERCVLI CONSERVAT, Hercules standing left, #1
avers:- IMP C M VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.,
revers:- HERCVLI CONSERVAT, Hercules standing left, resting the hand on the club and holding a bow with lion skin.
exerg: -/-//QXXIT, diameter: 21,5-23mm, weight: 3,62g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, date: 290 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 549, p-283, C-242
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-AVG_VIRTVS-AVGG_XXI-AT_RIC-V-II-565-p-285_C-_-AD_Q-001_6h_21,5-22,5mm_3,82g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC V-II 565, AE-Ant., -/-//XXIAT, VIRTVS AVG G, Hercules, and Victory, Scarce, #194 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC V-II 565, AE-Ant., -/-//XXIAT, VIRTVS AVG G, Hercules, and Victory, Scarce, #1
avers:- IMP C M VAL MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.,
revers:- VIRTVS AVG G, Hercules standing right, Victory left turning right.
exerg: -/-//XXIAT, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,82g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, date: 292 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 565, p-285, Scarce!,
Q-001
quadrans
RI_122q_img.jpg
122 - Claudius II Gothicus - RIC V Antioch 21318 viewsAntoninianus
Obv:– IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
Rev:– IVVENTVS AVG, Hercules standing facing, head turned right, holding club set on ground in right hand, apple in left
Minted in Antioch (//D). A.D. 68 - 270
Reference:– RIC 213
maridvnvm
14-Gordian-III-RIC-116.jpg
13. Gordian III / RIC 116.24 viewsDenarius, 240 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG / Laureate bust of Gordian.
Reverse: VIRTVTI AVGVSTI / Hercules standing, resting right hand on hip and left hand club set on rock; lion-skin beside club.
3.58 gm., 20 mm.
RIC #116; Sear #8684.

The chronology of the denarii coinage of Gordian III has been poorly understood because Roman Imperial Coinage (RIC) has it mixed up in its listings. For example, it will tell you that 5 denarii (Diana, Pietas, Salus, Securitas, and Venus) were issued in the summer of 241 to commemorate the marriage of Gordian and Tranquillina. Recent thinking tells another entirely different story. The following summary is based on a posting by Curtis Clay, November 25, 2011, on the Forum Ancient Coins Classical Numismatics Discussion Board.
Although antoniniani were issued for a while under Caracalla and Elagabalus, the denarius was the standard silver denomination throughout the reigns of Severus Alexander, Maximinus Thrax, and into the first part of the joint reign of Balbinus & Pupienus. (This, by the way, is when the PIETAS AVGG denarius of Gordian as Caesar was issued.) Sometime during the short reign of Balbinus & Pupienus, the antoninianus supplanted the denarius as the standard silver denomination. When Gordian III became emperor (July 238), his administration continued to follow the then current practice of issuing only antoniniani.

Early in 240, Gordian apparently decided to revert back to the traditional coinage of the Empire and began to issue only denarii. The denarii issued at this time were the following:

P M TR P III COS P P / Horseman
DIANA LVCIFERA
PIETAS AVGVSTI
SALVS AVGVSTI
SECVRITAS PVBLICA
VENVS VICTRIX

No antoniniani exist with these reverse types.

The next issue of denarii was issued in the summer of 240 after Gordian became COS II, and consists of these types:

P M TR P III COS II P P / Emperor standing
P M TR P III COS II P P / Apollo seated
AETERNITATI AVG
IOVIS STATOR
LAETITIA AVG N
VIRTVTI AVGVSTI

Within a short time, however, it was decided to go back to having the antoninianus as the standard silver denomination. Antoniniani were issued again, at first with the same reverse types as the second issue of denarii. That is why these reverse types exist on denarii and antoniniani even though they were not issued at the same time.

So the period the mint issued denarii rather than antoniniani as the standard silver denomination lasted from about March through August, 240. This was the last time denarii were issued for general circulation. The antoninianus lasted until Diocletian’s coinage reform of 295, after which Roman coinage was so vastly different that there was no question of returning to the denarius.

The 13 denarii of Gordian III are presented in this album in this order:
Gordian III as Caesar denarius - 1 coin.
First issue of denarii - 6 coins.
Second issue of denarii - 6 coins.
Callimachus
DiocleAnt.jpg
1301a, Diocletian, 284-305 A.D. (Antioch)93 viewsDIOCLETIAN (284 – 305 AD) AE Antoninianus, 293-95 AD, RIC V 322, Cohen 34. 20.70 mm/3.1 gm, aVF, Antioch. Obverse: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate bust right, draped & cuirassed; Reverse: CONCORDIA MILITVM, Jupiter presents Victory on a globe to Diocletian, I/XXI. Early Diocletian with dusty earthen green patina.


De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Diocletian ( 284-305 A.D.)

Ralph W. Mathisen
University of South Carolina


Summary and Introduction
The Emperor Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (A.D. 284-305) put an end to the disastrous phase of Roman history known as the "Military Anarchy" or the "Imperial Crisis" (235-284). He established an obvious military despotism and was responsible for laying the groundwork for the second phase of the Roman Empire, which is known variously as the "Dominate," the "Tetrarchy," the "Later Roman Empire," or the "Byzantine Empire." His reforms ensured the continuity of the Roman Empire in the east for more than a thousand years.

Diocletian's Early Life and Reign
Diocletian was born ca. 236/237 on the Dalmatian coast, perhaps at Salona. He was of very humble birth, and was originally named Diocles. He would have received little education beyond an elementary literacy and he was apparently deeply imbued with religious piety He had a wife Prisca and a daughter Valeria, both of whom reputedly were Christians. During Diocletian's early life, the Roman empire was in the midst of turmoil. In the early years of the third century, emperors increasingly insecure on their thrones had granted inflationary pay raises to the soldiers. The only meaningful income the soldiers now received was in the form of gold donatives granted by newly acclaimed emperors. Beginning in 235, armies throughout the empire began to set up their generals as rival emperors. The resultant civil wars opened up the empire to invasion in both the north, by the Franks, Alamanni, and Goths, and the east, by the Sassanid Persians. Another reason for the unrest in the army was the great gap between the social background of the common soldiers and the officer corps.

Diocletian sought his fortune in the army. He showed himself to be a shrewd, able, and ambitious individual. He is first attested as "Duke of Moesia" (an area on the banks of the lower Danube River), with responsibility for border defense. He was a prudent and methodical officer, a seeker of victory rather than glory. In 282, the legions of the upper Danube proclaimed the praetorian prefect Carus as emperor. Diocletian found favor under the new emperor, and was promoted to Count of the Domestics, the commander of the cavalry arm of the imperial bodyguard. In 283 he was granted the honor of a consulate.

In 284, in the midst of a campaign against the Persians, Carus was killed, struck by a bolt of lightning which one writer noted might have been forged in a legionary armory. This left the empire in the hands of his two young sons, Numerian in the east and Carinus in the west. Soon thereafter, Numerian died under mysterious circumstances near Nicomedia, and Diocletian was acclaimed emperor in his place. At this time he changed his name from Diocles to Diocletian. In 285 Carinus was killed in a battle near Belgrade, and Diocletian gained control of the entire empire.

Diocletian's Administrative and Military Reforms
As emperor, Diocletian was faced with many problems. His most immediate concerns were to bring the mutinous and increasingly barbarized Roman armies back under control and to make the frontiers once again secure from invasion. His long-term goals were to restore effective government and economic prosperity to the empire. Diocletian concluded that stern measures were necessary if these problems were to be solved. He felt that it was the responsibility of the imperial government to take whatever steps were necessary, no matter how harsh or innovative, to bring the empire back under control.

Diocletian was able to bring the army back under control by making several changes. He subdivided the roughly fifty existing provinces into approximately one hundred. The provinces also were apportioned among twelve "dioceses," each under a "vicar," and later also among four "prefectures," each under a "praetorian prefect." As a result, the imperial bureaucracy became increasingly bloated. He institutionalized the policy of separating civil and military careers. He divided the army itself into so-called "border troops," actually an ineffective citizen militia, and "palace troops," the real field army, which often was led by the emperor in person.

Following the precedent of Aurelian (A.D.270-275), Diocletian transformed the emperorship into an out-and-out oriental monarchy. Access to him became restricted; he now was addressed not as First Citizen (Princeps) or the soldierly general (Imperator), but as Lord and Master (Dominus Noster) . Those in audience were required to prostrate themselves on the ground before him.

Diocletian also concluded that the empire was too large and complex to be ruled by only a single emperor. Therefore, in order to provide an imperial presence throughout the empire, he introduced the "Tetrarchy," or "Rule by Four." In 285, he named his lieutenant Maximianus "Caesar," and assigned him the western half of the empire. This practice began the process which would culminate with the de facto split of the empire in 395. Both Diocletian and Maximianus adopted divine attributes. Diocletian was identified with Jupiter and Maximianus with Hercules. In 286, Diocletian promoted Maximianus to the rank of Augustus, "Senior Emperor," and in 293 he appointed two new Caesars, Constantius (the father of Constantine I ), who was given Gaul and Britain in the west, and Galerius, who was assigned the Balkans in the east.

By instituting his Tetrarchy, Diocletian also hoped to solve another problem. In the Augustan Principate, there had been no constitutional method for choosing new emperors. According to Diocletian's plan, the successor of each Augustus would be the respective Caesar, who then would name a new Caesar. Initially, the Tetrarchy operated smoothly and effectively.

Once the army was under control, Diocletian could turn his attention to other problems. The borders were restored and strengthened. In the early years of his reign, Diocletian and his subordinates were able to defeat foreign enemies such as Alamanni, Sarmatians, Saracens, Franks, and Persians, and to put down rebellions in Britain and Egypt. The easter frontier was actually expanded.

.
Diocletian's Economic Reforms
Another problem was the economy, which was in an especially sorry state. The coinage had become so debased as to be virtually worthless. Diocletian's attempt to reissue good gold and silver coins failed because there simply was not enough gold and silver available to restore confidence in the currency. A "Maximum Price Edict" issued in 301, intended to curb inflation, served only to drive goods onto the black market. Diocletian finally accepted the ruin of the money economy and revised the tax system so that it was based on payments in kind . The soldiers too came to be paid in kind.

In order to assure the long term survival of the empire, Diocletian identified certain occupations which he felt would have to be performed. These were known as the "compulsory services." They included such occupations as soldiers, bakers, members of town councils, and tenant farmers. These functions became hereditary, and those engaging in them were inhibited from changing their careers. The repetitious nature of these laws, however, suggests that they were not widely obeyed. Diocletian also expanded the policy of third-century emperors of restricting the entry of senators into high-ranking governmental posts, especially military ones.

Diocletian attempted to use the state religion as a unifying element. Encouraged by the Caesar Galerius, Diocletian in 303 issued a series of four increasingly harsh decrees designed to compel Christians to take part in the imperial cult, the traditional means by which allegiance was pledged to the empire. This began the so-called "Great Persecution."

Diocletian's Resignation and Death
On 1 May 305, wearied by his twenty years in office, and determined to implement his method for the imperial succession, Diocletian abdicated. He compelled his co-regent Maximianus to do the same. Constantius and Galerius then became the new Augusti, and two new Caesars were selected, Maximinus (305-313) in the east and Severus (305- 307) in the west. Diocletian then retired to his palace at Split on the Croatian coast. In 308 he declined an offer to resume the purple, and the aged ex-emperor died at Split on 3 December 316.

Copyright (C) 1996, Ralph W. Mathisen, University of South Carolina
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

1 commentsCleisthenes
DicletianConcordCyz.jpg
1301b, Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 March 305 A.D.57 viewsDiocletian. RIC V Part II Cyzicus 256 var. Not listed with pellet in exegrue
Item ref: RI141f. VF. Minted in Cyzicus (B in centre field, XXI dot in exegrue)Obverse:- IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. Reverse:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Diocletian standing right, holding parazonium, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left with scepter.
A post reform radiate of Diocletian. Ex Maridvnvm.

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Diocletian ( 284-305 A.D.)

Ralph W. Mathisen
University of South Carolina


Summary and Introduction
The Emperor Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (A.D. 284-305) put an end to the disastrous phase of Roman history known as the "Military Anarchy" or the "Imperial Crisis" (235-284). He established an obvious military despotism and was responsible for laying the groundwork for the second phase of the Roman Empire, which is known variously as the "Dominate," the "Tetrarchy," the "Later Roman Empire," or the "Byzantine Empire." His reforms ensured the continuity of the Roman Empire in the east for more than a thousand years.

Diocletian's Early Life and Reign
Diocletian was born ca. 236/237 on the Dalmatian coast, perhaps at Salona. He was of very humble birth, and was originally named Diocles. He would have received little education beyond an elementary literacy and he was apparently deeply imbued with religious piety He had a wife Prisca and a daughter Valeria, both of whom reputedly were Christians. During Diocletian's early life, the Roman empire was in the midst of turmoil. In the early years of the third century, emperors increasingly insecure on their thrones had granted inflationary pay raises to the soldiers. The only meaningful income the soldiers now received was in the form of gold donatives granted by newly acclaimed emperors. Beginning in 235, armies throughout the empire began to set up their generals as rival emperors. The resultant civil wars opened up the empire to invasion in both the north, by the Franks, Alamanni, and Goths, and the east, by the Sassanid Persians. Another reason for the unrest in the army was the great gap between the social background of the common soldiers and the officer corps.

Diocletian sought his fortune in the army. He showed himself to be a shrewd, able, and ambitious individual. He is first attested as "Duke of Moesia" (an area on the banks of the lower Danube River), with responsibility for border defense. He was a prudent and methodical officer, a seeker of victory rather than glory. In 282, the legions of the upper Danube proclaimed the praetorian prefect Carus as emperor. Diocletian found favor under the new emperor, and was promoted to Count of the Domestics, the commander of the cavalry arm of the imperial bodyguard. In 283 he was granted the honor of a consulate.

In 284, in the midst of a campaign against the Persians, Carus was killed, struck by a bolt of lightning which one writer noted might have been forged in a legionary armory. This left the empire in the hands of his two young sons, Numerian in the east and Carinus in the west. Soon thereafter, Numerian died under mysterious circumstances near Nicomedia, and Diocletian was acclaimed emperor in his place. At this time he changed his name from Diocles to Diocletian. In 285 Carinus was killed in a battle near Belgrade, and Diocletian gained control of the entire empire.

Diocletian's Administrative and Military Reforms
As emperor, Diocletian was faced with many problems. His most immediate concerns were to bring the mutinous and increasingly barbarized Roman armies back under control and to make the frontiers once again secure from invasion. His long-term goals were to restore effective government and economic prosperity to the empire. Diocletian concluded that stern measures were necessary if these problems were to be solved. He felt that it was the responsibility of the imperial government to take whatever steps were necessary, no matter how harsh or innovative, to bring the empire back under control.

Diocletian was able to bring the army back under control by making several changes. He subdivided the roughly fifty existing provinces into approximately one hundred. The provinces also were apportioned among twelve "dioceses," each under a "vicar," and later also among four "prefectures," each under a "praetorian prefect." As a result, the imperial bureaucracy became increasingly bloated. He institutionalized the policy of separating civil and military careers. He divided the army itself into so-called "border troops," actually an ineffective citizen militia, and "palace troops," the real field army, which often was led by the emperor in person.

Following the precedent of Aurelian (A.D.270-275), Diocletian transformed the emperorship into an out-and-out oriental monarchy. Access to him became restricted; he now was addressed not as First Citizen (Princeps) or the soldierly general (Imperator), but as Lord and Master (Dominus Noster) . Those in audience were required to prostrate themselves on the ground before him.

Diocletian also concluded that the empire was too large and complex to be ruled by only a single emperor. Therefore, in order to provide an imperial presence throughout the empire, he introduced the "Tetrarchy," or "Rule by Four." In 285, he named his lieutenant Maximianus "Caesar," and assigned him the western half of the empire. This practice began the process which would culminate with the de facto split of the empire in 395. Both Diocletian and Maximianus adopted divine attributes. Diocletian was identified with Jupiter and Maximianus with Hercules. In 286, Diocletian promoted Maximianus to the rank of Augustus, "Senior Emperor," and in 293 he appointed two new Caesars, Constantius (the father of Constantine I ), who was given Gaul and Britain in the west, and Galerius, who was assigned the Balkans in the east.

By instituting his Tetrarchy, Diocletian also hoped to solve another problem. In the Augustan Principate, there had been no constitutional method for choosing new emperors. According to Diocletian's plan, the successor of each Augustus would be the respective Caesar, who then would name a new Caesar. Initially, the Tetrarchy operated smoothly and effectively.

Once the army was under control, Diocletian could turn his attention to other problems. The borders were restored and strengthened. In the early years of his reign, Diocletian and his subordinates were able to defeat foreign enemies such as Alamanni, Sarmatians, Saracens, Franks, and Persians, and to put down rebellions in Britain and Egypt. The easter frontier was actually expanded.

.
Diocletian's Economic Reforms
Another problem was the economy, which was in an especially sorry state. The coinage had become so debased as to be virtually worthless. Diocletian's attempt to reissue good gold and silver coins failed because there simply was not enough gold and silver available to restore confidence in the currency. A "Maximum Price Edict" issued in 301, intended to curb inflation, served only to drive goods onto the black market. Diocletian finally accepted the ruin of the money economy and revised the tax system so that it was based on payments in kind . The soldiers too came to be paid in kind.

In order to assure the long term survival of the empire, Diocletian identified certain occupations which he felt would have to be performed. These were known as the "compulsory services." They included such occupations as soldiers, bakers, members of town councils, and tenant farmers. These functions became hereditary, and those engaging in them were inhibited from changing their careers. The repetitious nature of these laws, however, suggests that they were not widely obeyed. Diocletian also expanded the policy of third-century emperors of restricting the entry of senators into high-ranking governmental posts, especially military ones.

Diocletian attempted to use the state religion as a unifying element. Encouraged by the Caesar Galerius, Diocletian in 303 issued a series of four increasingly harsh decrees designed to compel Christians to take part in the imperial cult, the traditional means by which allegiance was pledged to the empire. This began the so-called "Great Persecution."

Diocletian's Resignation and Death
On 1 May 305, wearied by his twenty years in office, and determined to implement his method for the imperial succession, Diocletian abdicated. He compelled his co-regent Maximianus to do the same. Constantius and Galerius then became the new Augusti, and two new Caesars were selected, Maximinus (305-313) in the east and Severus (305- 307) in the west. Diocletian then retired to his palace at Split on the Croatian coast. In 308 he declined an offer to resume the purple, and the aged ex-emperor died at Split on 3 December 316.

Copyright (C) 1996, Ralph W. Mathisen, University of South Carolina
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.


Cleisthenes
RI_132wd_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 071 Bust Type C 26 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– COMITI PR-OBI AVG, Hercules standing left, holding olive-branch, club and lion skin
Minted in Lugdunum (//IIII) Emission 7, Officina 4. Summer A.D. 281 (Bastien dating)
Reference:– Cohen -. Bastien 332 (1 example cited). RIC 71 Bust Type C.

4.11 gms

Note Bastien 331 is with dots and cites 4 examples, 333 (3), 334(4) are bust Type F. This coin from Obverse die of 332a and same reverse die as 331a, 333a, 333b. Only a small number of reverse dies for this type are known.
maridvnvm
RI_132we_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 071 Bust Type C41 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right (seen from rear)
Rev:– COMITI PR-OBI AVG, Hercules standing left, holding olive-branch, club and lion skin
Minted in Lugdunum (IIII) Emission 7, Officina 4. Summer A.D. 281
Reference:– Cohen -. Bastien 330 (2 examples cited) this example with an unlisted reverse legend break though this isn't unexpected. RIC 71 Bust Type C.
maridvnvm
RI 132eu img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 376 var - Heroic Bust type (Ticinum) (SXXT)55 viewsObv:– VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Radiate, helmeted, heroically nude bust left, holding spear and aegis, seen from back. ("Square shield" in RIC)
Rev:– HERCVLI PACIF, Hercules standing left, holding branch and club; lion's skin over arm
Minted in Ticinum (SXXT in exe) Emission 3 Officina 2. A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 376 var. Heroic Bust type (unlisted with this bust type)
maridvnvm
RI 132uk img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 378 - Bust Type H (Ticinum) (SXXT)20 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS AVG CONS II, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– HERCVLI PACIF, Hercules standing left, holding olive-branch, club and lion’s skin
Minted in Ticinum (SXXT in exe) Emission 4 Officina 2. A.D. 278
Reference:– RIC 382 Bust type H (R)

Ex-Forvm
maridvnvm
RI 132ek img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 381 - Bust Type F (Ticinum) (VIXXT) 25 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS • P • F • AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– ERCVLI PACIFERO, Hercules standing left, holding olive-branch, club and lion’s skin
Minted in Ticinum (VIXXT in exe) Emission 4 Officina 6. A.D. 278
Reference:– RIC 381 Bust type F
maridvnvm
RI 132go img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 381 - Bust Type F (Ticinum) (VXXT)38 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– HERCVLI PACIF, Hercules standing left, holding olive-branch, club and lion’s skin
Minted in Ticinum (VXXT in exe) Emission 4 Officina 5. A.D. 278
Reference:– RIC 381 Bust type F
maridvnvm
RI_132wn_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 383 - Bust Type G (Ticinum) (SXXT)23 viewsObv:– VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield
Rev:– HERCVLI PACIF, Hercules standing left, holding olive-branch, club and lion’s skin
Minted in Ticinum (//SXXT) Emission 3 Officina 2. A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 383 Bust type G.
maridvnvm
RI_141ch_img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Antioch 323 Bust Type C12 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter facing right holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules facing left, holding Victory on globe, club and lion's skin
Minted in Antioch (D // XXI Dot).
Reference:– RIC V Pt. 2 323
maridvnvm
RI_141cc_img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Antioch 323 Bust Type C10 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter facing right holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules facing left, holding Victory on globe, club and lion's skin
Minted in Antioch (E // XXI Dot).
Reference:– RIC V Pt. 2 323
maridvnvm
RI_141by_img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Antioch 323 Bust Type C10 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter facing right holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules facing left, holding Victory on globe, club and lion's skin
Minted in Antioch (? // XXI Dot) Uncertain officina mark. Clogged die?
Reference:– RIC V Pt. 2 323
maridvnvm
RI_141cf_img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Antioch 323 Bust Type C13 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter facing right holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules facing left, holding Victory on globe, club and lion's skin
Minted in Antioch (A // XXI Dot).
Reference:– RIC V Pt. 2 323
maridvnvm
RI_141bu_img~0.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Antioch 323 Bust Type C9 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter facing right holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules facing left, holding Victory on globe, club and lion's skin
Minted in Antioch (D // XXI Dot).
Reference:– RIC V Pt. 2 323
maridvnvm
RI 141bo img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 93 Bust Type C16 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen half from the rear
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGG, Jupiter standing right holding thunderbolt & scepter facing Hercules standing left holding lion’s skin and club
Minted in Lugdunum (A/SML). Emission 4, Officina 1. Start to Summer A.D. 287
Reference:– Cohen 507. Bastien VII 108 (5 examples cited). RIC V Pt 2 93 Bust Type C
maridvnvm
RI 146m img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 365 Bust Type F26 viewsObv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right
Rev:– HERCVLI INVICTO AVGG, Hercules standing left holding Victory on globe in right and club and lion skin in left
Minted in Lugdunum (S in left field). Emission 5, Officina 2. Autumn A.D. 277 – Autumn A.D. 279
References:– RIC V Part 2 365 Bust Type F. Bastien Volume VII 178.
maridvnvm
RI 146at img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 370 var26 viewsObv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield
Rev:– HERCVLI INVICTO AVGG, Hercules standing facing, head left, lion-skin over left arm and leaning on club, Victory on globe in right hand
Minted in Lugdunum (S in left field). Emission 5, Officina 2. Autumn A.D. 277 – Autumn A.D. 279
References:– Cohen -. RIC V Part 2 370 var (not listed with this bust type in RIC). Bastien Volume VII 188 (3 3examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI 146bq img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 371 Bust Type C16 viewsObv:– IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– HERCVLI PACIFERO, Hercules standing left holding branch & club, lion skin over arm.
Minted in Lugdunum (B in left field, SML in exe). Emission 4. Officina 2. start to Summer A.D. 287
References:– Cohen 282. RIC V Part 2 371 Bust Type C. Bastien Volume VII 116 (25 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI 146bt img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 371 Bust Type C 11 viewsObv:– IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– HERCVLI PACIFERO, Hercules standing left holding branch & club, lion skin over arm.
Minted in Lugdunum (Δ in left field). Emission 3. Officina 4. Spring A.D. 290 – A.D. 291
References:– Cohen 282. RIC V Part 2 371 Bust Type C. Bastien Volume VII 95 (20 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI_146dm_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 371 Bust Type C7 viewsObv:– IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– HERCVLI PACIFERO, Hercules standing left holding branch & club, lion skin over arm.
Minted in Lugdunum (B in left field, SML in exe). Emission 4. Officina 2. start to Summer A.D. 287
References:– Cohen 282. RIC V Part 2 371 Bust Type C. Bastien Volume VII 116 (25 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI 146bp img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 372 var Bust Type C 7 viewsObv:– IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– HERCVLI PACIFERO, Hercules standing left holding branch & club, lion skin over arm.
Minted in Lugdunum (Γ in left field). Emission 3. Officina 3. Spring A.D. 290 – A.D. 291
References:– Cohen 280. RIC V Part 2 372 Bust Type C (Not listed with Γ in left field in RIC). Bastien Volume VII 94 (16 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI_146de_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 43213 viewsAntoninianus
Obv:– IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGG, Jupiter standing right, holding scepter, clasping hand of Hercules standing left holding club and lion’s skin
Minted in Lugdunum (//C). Emission 2, Officina 3. Spring to Summer A.D. 286
Reference:– Cohen 604. Bastien VII 62 (12). RIC V Pt. 2 432
maridvnvm
RI 146be img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 432 Bust Type C13 viewsObv:– IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGG, Jupiter standing right, holding scepter, clasping hand of Hercules standing left holding club and lion’s skin
Minted in Lugdunum (D in centre field). Emission 2, Officina 4. Spring – Summer A.D. 286
References:– Cohen 604. RIC V Part 2 432 Bust Type C. Bastien Volume VII 71 (26 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI_146dv_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 437 Bust Type C8 viewsAntoninianus
Obv:– IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGG, Hercules, standing right, leaning on club, with lion’s skin on rock.
Minted in Lugdunum (Retrograde C|_). Emission 5. Officina 4. Autumn A.D. 287 – Autumn A.D. 289
Reference:– Cohen 565 Bastien 65 (2 examples cited). RIC V Pt. 2 Lugdunum 437

Weight 3.93g. 22.64mm. 180 degrees
maridvnvm
RI 146ab img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 437 corr. Bust Type C25 viewsObv:– IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGG, Hercules, standing right, with club and lions skin on rock
Minted in Lugdunum (D in left field). Emission 2, Officina 4. Spring – Summer A.D. 286
References:– RIC V Part 2 437 corr. Bust Type C (RIC notes as D in centre field in error). Bastien Volume VII 67
maridvnvm
RI 146bl img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 437 corr. Bust Type C12 viewsObv:– IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGG, Hercules, standing right, with club and lions skin on rock
Minted in Lugdunum (D in left field). Emission 2, Officina 4. Spring – Summer A.D. 286
References:– RIC V Part 2 437 corr. Bust Type C (RIC notes as D in centre field in error). Bastien Volume VII 67
maridvnvm
RI 146ao img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 441 Bust Type F20 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGG, Hercules, standing right, leaning on club, with lion’s skin on rock
Minted in Lugdunum (// C). Emission 8, Officina 3. A.D. 292
Reference(s) – RIC V Pt. 2 441 Bust Type F. Cohen 567. Bastien XI 456
maridvnvm
RI_146dd_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 454 Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right13 viewsObv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVTI AVGG, Hercules, standing right, with club thrown behind him
Minted in Lugdunum (-). Emission 5. Autumn A.D. 287 – Autumn A.D. 289
Reference(s) – Bastien XI 215. RIC V Pt 2 Lugdunum 454 (S)
maridvnvm
RI 146bz img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 458 Bust Type C11 viewsObv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS P AVG, Radiate, helmeted cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVTI AVGG, Hercules, standing right, with club thrown behind him
Minted in Lugdunum (No marks). Emission 5. Officina 3. Autumn A.D. 287 – Autumn A.D. 289
Reference:– Cohen -. RIC V Pt. 2 458 Bust Type C. Bastien Volume VII 216 (5 examples cited).
maridvnvm
RI 146az img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 458 Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right47 viewsObv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS P AVG, Radiate, helmeted cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVTI AVGG, Hercules, standing right, with club thrown behind him
Minted in Lugdunum (No marks). Emission 5. Officina 3. Autumn A.D. 287 – Autumn A.D. 289
Reference:– Cohen 647. Bastien Volume VII 218. RIC V Pt. 2 458 (S)
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 146bk img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 460 Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left21 viewsObv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left
Rev:– VIRTVTI AVGG, Hercules, standing right, with club thrown behind him, being crowned by Victory flying right
Minted in Lugdunum (No marks). Emission 5. Officina 3. Autumn A.D. 287 – Autumn A.D. 289
Reference:– RIC V Pt. 2 Lugdunum 460. Bastien 231 (1 example cited)

Fully silvered with very little sign of wear. A very pleasing example in hand. If only I could improve my photography to show how nice the silvering is
maridvnvm
RI 146ac img~0.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 462 Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right23 viewsObv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS P AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVTI AVGG, Hercules, standing right, with club thrown behind him, being crowned by Victory flying right
Minted in Lugdunum (No marks). Emission 5. Officina 3. Autumn A.D. 287 – Autumn A.D. 289
References:– RIC V Part 2 462 Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right (S) . Bastien Volume VII 233
maridvnvm
RI_146du_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 515 Bust Type F7 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGG, Hercules walking right, trophy over left shoulder, lion's skin draped over left arm, holding club in right hand
Minted in Rome (//XXIS).
Reference:– RIC V Pt. 2 515 Bust Type F.
maridvnvm
RI_146cn_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius - Antoninianus - RIC V 369 var20 viewsAntoninianus
Obv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS P AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– HERCVLI INVICTO AVGG, Hercules standing facing, head left, lion-skin over left arm and leaning on club, Victory on globe in right hand
Minted in Lugdunum (S | _). Emission 5, Officina 1. Autumn A.D. 287- Autumn A.D. 289
Reference:– Cohen -. Bastien XI 181 (1 example cited). RIC V Pt. 2 369 var (Not listed with this bust type in RIC).
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_146dg_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius - Antoninianus - RIC V 369 var26 viewsAntoninianus
Obv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS P AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– HERCVLI INVICTO AVGG, Hercules standing facing, head left, lion-skin over left arm and leaning on club, Victory on globe in right hand
Minted in Lugdunum (S | _). Emission 5, Officina 1. Autumn A.D. 287- Autumn A.D. 289
Reference:– Cohen -. Bastien XI 181 (1 example cited). RIC V Pt. 2 369 var (Not listed with this bust type in RIC).
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_146cj_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius - Antoninianus - RIC V 58018 viewsObv:- IMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:- CONSERVATOR AVGG, Emperor & Hercules sacrificing at altar
Minted in Ticinum. -/-/XXIΓ•ΛI
Reference:- RIC 580

Part of the coded HP - KOY - LI series
maridvnvm
RI_146co_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius - Antoninianus - RIC V Pt 2, 384a12 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI AVGG, Jupiter seated left, holding victory on globe in right hand and leaning on scepter in left hand
Minted in Lugdunum (//A). Emission 7, Officina 1. Sping A.D. 290 - 291
Reference:– Cohen 319. Bastien XI 332 (7). Voetter p. 57. RIC V Pt. 2 384a (Rated R)

IOVI coins are more usually made for Diocletian with Maximian favouring Hercules. A scarcer military bust type. Virtually fully silvered.
maridvnvm
RI_146db_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius, Antoninianus - RIC 371 Bust Type C 12 viewsObv:– IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– HERCVLI PACIFERO, Hercules standing left holding branch & club, lion skin over arm
Minted in Lugdunum (D | _). Emission 3, Officina 4. Spring A.D. 290 – A.D. 291
Reference(s) – Cohen 282. Bastien XI 95 (20). RIC V Pt. 2 371 Bust Type C (C)
maridvnvm
RI_146cs_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus Herculius, Antoninianus - RIC 62217 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter facing right holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules facing left, holding Victory on globe, club and lion's skin
Minted in Antioch (A //XXI dot). A.D. 285-295
Reference:– RIC V Pt. 2 622
maridvnvm
RI 147a img.jpg
147 - Constantius I Chlorus - RIC V pt II 67381 viewsObv:– FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI ET HERCVLI CONS CAES, Jupiter standing right, holding long sceptre and globe, facing Hercules standing left, holding Victory, club and lion's skin
Minted in Antioch (S in centre field, XXI. in exe)
References:– RIC V part 2 673
maridvnvm
RI 147n img.jpg
147 - Constantius I Chlorus - RIC VI Alexandria 5329 viewsObv:– IMP C CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Laureate bust right
Rev:– HERCVLI VLTORI, Hercules standing facing with head left, right hand leaning on club, left hand holding apples and with a lions skin hanging from the elbow
Minted in Alexandria (Δ in upper left field, S in left field, in right field, ALE in exe.) A.D. 305 to A.D. 306
References:– RIC VI Alexandria 53 (S)
maridvnvm
RI_148v_img.jpg
148 - Galerius, Antoninianus - RIC V pt II Antioch 719 Bust Type C31 viewsObv:– GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI ET HERCVLI CONS CAES, Jupiter facing right holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules facing left, holding Victory on globe, club and lion's skin
Minted in Antioch (G // XXI Dot). A.D. 293 - 295
Reference:- RIC V Pt. 719 Bust Type C.
maridvnvm
49Hadrian__RIC148.jpg
148 Hadrian Denarius Roma 124-28 AD Hercules27 viewsReference. Scarce
Strack 154; RIC 148; C. 332

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS.
laureate head right with drapery on left shoulder

Rev: COS III
Hercules seated right on cuirass, holding club set on shields and Victory facing right.

3.14 gr
16 mm
okidoki
214Hadrian__RIC149.jpg
149 Hadrian Denarius Roma 125-28 AD Hercules22 viewsReference.
Strack 155; RIC 149d; C331

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS
Laureate head right, drapery on left shoulder.

Rev. COS III
Hercules seated right on cuirass, holding club and distaff (?), no helmet behind cuirass

2.9 gr
18 mm
okidoki
IMG_2879.JPG
170 Commodus 51 viewsCommodus Denarius. L AEL AVREL COMM AVG P FEL, head right wearing lionskin headdress / HER-CVL RO-MAN AV-GV either side of club of Hercules, all in wreath.
RSC 190. RIC 251 Sear 5644
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
commodus_RIC259a.jpg
177-192 AD - COMMODUS AR denarius - struck 191 or 192 AD33 viewsobv: L AEL AVREL COM-M AVG P FEL (laureate head right)
rev: PROVIDENTIAE AVG (Hercules standing right, his foot is placed on the prow of a vessel, resting club on treetrunk right and holding thunderbolt; clasping hands with Africa, who wears elephantskin on head, in her left hand holding sistrum, at her feet lion)
ref: RIC III 259a (R), RSC 643 (20frcs)
mint: Rome
2.86gms, 18mm
Rare

This coin legend and type is regarded to the African fleet of corn transports. The elephant's head, the sistrum, and the lion are attributes peculiar to Egypt and to Africa proper, which were the granaries of Rome. But Commodus having sent his ships for freights of corn is on this coin represented paying worship to Hercules, and he himself plants his foot on the prow of one of the vessels, as if showing care for his new colony.
1 commentsberserker
rjb_sev3_04_06.jpg
193b19 viewsSeptimius Severus 193-211 AD
AE as
Obv "L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP II"
Laureate bust right
Rev "DIS AVSPICIB TRP II COS II PP SC"
Hercules and Bacchus standing left, pather between
Rome mint
RIC 666
mauseus
194_Septimius_Severus_As_RIC_666_1.jpg
194_Septimius_Severus_As_RIC_666_119 viewsSeptimius Severus (193 – 211 AD)
AE As, Rome, 194
L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP II;
Laureate head right
DIS AVSPICIB TR P II, COS II P P in exergue, S-C;
Hercules, holding club and lion skin, and Bacchus, holding cup and thyrsus, standing left, side by siede, panther at feet of Bacchus
10,03 gr, 24 mm
RIC IVa, 666; BMC V, 501; C. 117
ga77
PCrassusDenAmazon.jpg
1ab Marcus Licinius Crassus172 viewsFormed First Triumvirate with Caesar and Pompey in 60 BC, killed at Carrhae in Parthia in 53 BC.

Denarius, minted by son, P Licinius Crassus, ca 54 BC.
Bust of Venus, right, SC behind
Amazon with horse, P CRASSVS MF.

These coins were probably minted to pay Crassus' army for the invasion of Parthia. The reverse figure is sometimes described as a warrior or Gaulish horseman, but this example clearly accords with those who identify the figure as a woman! Member of the first triumvirate, 59-53 BC.

Seaby, Licinia 18

Plutarch wrote of Crassus: People were wont to say that the many virtues of Crassus were darkened by the one vice of avarice, and indeed he seemed to have no other but that; for it being the most predominant, obscured others to which he was inclined. The arguments in proof of his avarice were the vastness of his estate, and the manner of raising it; for whereas at first he was not worth above three hundred talents, yet, though in the course of his political life he dedicated the tenth of all he had to Hercules, and feasted the people, and gave to every citizen corn enough to serve him three months, upon casting up his accounts, before he went upon his Parthian expedition, he found his possessions to amount to seven thousand one hundred talents; most of which, if we may scandal him with a truth, he got by fire and rapine, making his advantages of the public calamities. . . . Crassus, however, was very eager to be hospitable to strangers; he kept open house, and to his friends he would lend money without interest, but called it in precisely at the time; so that his kindness was often thought worse than the paying the interest would have been. His entertainments were, for the most part, plain and citizen-like, the company general and popular; good taste and kindness made them pleasanter than sumptuosity would have done. As for learning he chiefly cared for rhetoric, and what would be serviceable with large numbers; he became one of the best speakers at Rome, and by his pains and industry outdid the best natural orators. . . . Besides, the people were pleased with his courteous and unpretending salutations and greetings, for he never met any citizen however humble and low, but he returned him his salute by name. He was looked upon as a man well-read in history, and pretty well versed in Aristotle's philosophy. . . . Crassus was killed by a Parthian, called Pomaxathres; others say by a different man, and that Pomaxathres only cut off his head and right hand after he had fallen. But this is conjecture rather than certain knowledge, for those that were by had not leisure to observe particulars. . . .
2 commentsBlindado
PCrassusDenAmazon2.jpg
1ab_2 Marcus Licinius Crassus34 viewsFormed First Triumvirate with Caesar and Pompey in 60 BC, killed at Carrhae in Parthia in 53 BC.

Denarius, minted by son, P Licinius Crassus, ca 54 BC.
Bust of Venus, right, SC behind
Amazon with horse, P CRASSVS MF.

Seaby, Licinia 18

These coins were probably minted to pay Crassus' army for the invasion of Parthia. My synthesis of reviewing 90 examples of this issue revealed a female warrior wearing a soft felt Scythian cap with ear flaps (visible in this example); a fabric garment with a decorated skirt to the knees; probably trousers; an ornate war belt; a baldric; a cape, animal skin, or shoulder cord on attached to the left shoulder; and decorated calf-high boots. She matches the historically confirmed garb of the real amazons—Scythian horsewomen—and of course holds her steed. The horse’s tack is consistent with archeological discoveries of tack in use by Scythians and Romans.

Adrienne Mayor writes that amazon imagery on Greek vases suddenly appeared in 575-550 BC, initially depicting them in Greek-style armor. By the end of the century, as the Greeks learned more through direct and indirect contact with Scythians, they began to appear wearing archeologically confirmed Scythian-Sarmatian-Thracian patterned attire. (Adrienne Mayor, The Amazons: Lives and Legends of Warrior Women Across the Ancient World, Princeton, Princeton University Press, 2014, 199-200). To this, artists added their own creative ideas regarding colors, fabric patterns, and decorations. “They dressed the warrior women in body-hugging ‘unitards’ or tunics, short chitons or belted dresses, sometimes over leggings or trousers. . . . In paintings and sculpture, pointed or soft Scythian caps with earflaps or ties (kidaris) soon replaced the Greek helmets, and the women wear a variety of belts, baldrics (diagonal straps), corselets, shoulder cords or bands, and crisscrossing leather straps attached to belt loops like those worn by the archer huntress Artemis. . . . Amazon footgear included soft leather moccasin-like shoes, calf-high boots (endromides), or taller laced boots (embades) with scallops or flaps and lined with felt or fur.” (Mayor, 202)
The artists apparently had detailed knowledge of gear used by real Scythian horsewomen to equip their imagined Amazons. “Archeological discoveries of well-preserved sets of clothing confirm that real horsewomen of ancient Scythian lands dressed much as did those described in Greek texts and illustrated in Scythian and Greek artwork.” (Mayor, 203)

Plutarch wrote of Crassus: People were wont to say that the many virtues of Crassus were darkened by the one vice of avarice, and indeed he seemed to have no other but that; for it being the most predominant, obscured others to which he was inclined. The arguments in proof of his avarice were the vastness of his estate, and the manner of raising it; for whereas at first he was not worth above three hundred talents, yet, though in the course of his political life he dedicated the tenth of all he had to Hercules, and feasted the people, and gave to every citizen corn enough to serve him three months, upon casting up his accounts, before he went upon his Parthian expedition, he found his possessions to amount to seven thousand one hundred talents; most of which, if we may scandal him with a truth, he got by fire and rapine, making his advantages of the public calamities. . . . Crassus, however, was very eager to be hospitable to strangers; he kept open house, and to his friends he would lend money without interest, but called it in precisely at the time; so that his kindness was often thought worse than the paying the interest would have been. His entertainments were, for the most part, plain and citizen-like, the company general and popular; good taste and kindness made them pleasanter than sumptuosity would have done. As for learning he chiefly cared for rhetoric, and what would be serviceable with large numbers; he became one of the best speakers at Rome, and by his pains and industry outdid the best natural orators. . . . Besides, the people were pleased with his courteous and unpretending salutations and greetings, for he never met any citizen however humble and low, but he returned him his salute by name. He was looked upon as a man well-read in history, and pretty well versed in Aristotle's philosophy. . . . Crassus was killed by a Parthian, called Pomaxathres; others say by a different man, and that Pomaxathres only cut off his head and right hand after he had fallen. But this is conjecture rather than certain knowledge, for those that were by had not leisure to observe particulars. . . .
1 commentsBlindado
MarcAntDenOctavian.jpg
1ae Marc Antony and Octavian43 viewsFormed the Second Triumvirate, 43-33 BC, , along with Marcus Aemilius Lepidus. Antony killed himself in 30 BC.

Denarius
41 BC

Marc Antony portrait, right, M ANT IMP AVG III VIR RPCM BARBAT QP
Octavian portrait, right, CAESAR IMP PONT III VIR RPC

RSC 8

Plutarch described Antony thusly: Antony grew up a very beautiful youth, but by the worst of misfortunes, he fell into the acquaintance and friendship of Curio, a man abandoned to his pleasures, who, to make Antony's dependence upon him a matter of greater necessity, plunged him into a life of drinking and dissipation, and led him through a course of such extravagance that he ran, at that early age, into debt to the amount of two hundred and fifty talents. . . . He took most to what was called the Asiatic taste in speaking, which was then at its height, and was, in many ways, suitable to his ostentatious, vaunting temper, full of empty flourishes and unsteady efforts for glory. . . . He had also a very good and noble appearance; his beard was well grown, his forehead large, and his nose aquiline, giving him altogether a bold, masculine look that reminded people of the faces of Hercules in paintings and sculptures. It was, moreover, an ancient tradition, that the Antonys were descended from Hercules, by a son of his called Anton; and this opinion he thought to give credit to by the similarity of his person just mentioned, and also by the fashion of his dress. For, whenever he had to appear before large numbers, he wore his tunic girt low about the hips, a broadsword on his side, and over all a large coarse mantle. What might seem to some very insupportable, his vaunting, his raillery, his drinking in public, sitting down by the men as they were taking their food, and eating, as he stood, off the common soldiers' tables, made him the delight and pleasure of the army. In love affairs, also, he was very agreeable: he gained many friends by the assistance he gave them in theirs, and took other people's raillery upon his own with good-humour. And his generous ways, his open and lavish hand in gifts and favours to his friends and fellow-soldiers, did a great deal for him in his first advance to power, and after he had become great, long maintained his fortunes, when a thousand follies were hastening their overthrow.
1 commentsBlindado
CommodusSestRoma.jpg
1bn Commodus28 views177-192

Sestertius

Laureate head, right, M COMMOD ANT P FELIX AVG BRIT PP

Roma seated left, ROM FEL PM TR P XVI COS VI

RIC 224

The Historia Augusta reports: As for Commodus himself, he was born, with his twin brother Antoninus, at Laiiuvium where his mother's father was born, it is said on the day before the Kalends of September, while his father and uncle were consuls. . . . Marcus tried to educate Commodus by his own teaching and by that of the greatest and the best of men. . . . However, teachers in all these studies profited him not in the least such is the power, either of natural character, or of the tutors maintained in a palace. For even from his earliest years he was base and dis- honorable, and cruel and lewd, defiled of mouth, moreover, and debauched. . . . While yet a child he was given the name of Caesar, along with his brother Verus. . . .

[After Marcus died], He abandoned the war which his father had almost finished and submitted to the enemy's terms, and then he returned to Rome. . . . After he had come back to Rome, he led the triumphal procession with Saoterus, his partner in depravity, seated in his chariot, and from time to time he would turn around and kiss him openly, repeating this same performance even in the orchestra. And not only was he wont to drink until dawn and squander the resources of the Roman Empire, but in the evening he would ramble through taverns and brothels. 6 He sent out to rule the provinces men who were either his companions in crime or were recommended to him by criminals. He became so detested by the senate that he in his turn was moved with cruel passion for the destruction of that great order, and from having been despised he became bloodthirsty. . . . He was called also the Roman Hercules, on the ground that he had killed 192 wild beasts in the amphitheatre at Lanuvium. . . . He engaged in gladiatorial combats, and accepted
the names usually given to gladiators 5 with as much pleasure as if he had been granted triumphal decorations. . . .

Because of these things but all too late Quintus Aemilius Laetus, prefect of the guard, and Marcia, his concubine, were roused to action and entered into a conspiracy against his life. First they gave him poison; and when this proved ineffective they had him strangled by the athlete with whom he was accustomed to exercise.
Blindado
scipio_mett_den.jpg
2) The Pompeians: Scipio Metellus Pius34 viewsQ. Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio, Imperator
AR Denarius.
Military mint in Africa, legate Eppius, 47-46 BC.

Q METELL SCIPIO IMP, laureate head of Africa right in elephant skin headdress, grain ear before, plow below / EPPIVS LEG F C, Hercules standing facing, naked, hand on hip, leaning on club set on a rock.

Cr461/1, Syd 1051, Caecilia 50.
RM0040
2 commentsSosius
Coponius_Den_3.jpg
2) The Pompeians: Sicinia 113 viewsQ. Sicinius and C. Coponius.
AR Denarius, 49 BC. Mint in the east moving with Pompey.

Q. SICINIVS III. VIR, diademed head of Apollo right; star below; multiple bankers' marks / C. COPONIVS. PR. S. C., club of Hercules, arrow & bow.
RM0023

Crawford 444/1a; Syd 939, Sicinia 1, Sear5 #413
Sosius
200-2_Pinaria.jpg
200/2. Pinaria - as (155 BC)12 viewsAE As (Rome, 155 BC)
O/ Laureate head of Janus; I above.
R/ Prow right; NAT above; I before; ROMA below.
26.59g; 33mm
Crawford 200/2 (13 specimens in Paris)

* Pinarius Natta:

This moneyer came from the old patrician gens Pinaria (Cicero, De Divinatione, ii. 21). Despite its ancestry, this gens produced very few noteworthy members, although some of them are recorded until the empire.

The cognomen Natta is old; the first known Pinarius to bear it was Lucius Pinarius Natta, Magister Equitum in 363, and Praetor in 349 BC. Then, nobody else of that name is recorded until our moneyer, and his probable brother (RRC 208, 150 BC), who are both completely unknown apart from their coins. Finally, the last Natta of the Republic was a Pontifex in 56, brother-in-law to Clodius Pulcher, the famous Tribune (Cicero, Pro Domo, 118). It seems that the Nattae had lost their political influence early, but retained some religious duties until the end of the Republic, as Cicero says that they learnt "their sacred ceremonies from Hercules himself" (Pro Domo, 134).

The Pinarii indeed claimed to descend from a mythical Pinarius, who had welcomed Hercules with a banquet when he came to Latium (Livy, i. 7). This myth was so deeply stuck in the Roman mythology that it was still used by Caracalla on an unique aureus (leu 93, lot 68).
Joss
carnuntum_04-hercules.JPG
2009-Austria - Carnuntum34 viewsBronze statues - Herculesberserker
09-Maximianus-Ant-622.jpg
21 Maximian: Antioch antoninianus.15 viewsAntoninianus, 386 - 395 AD, Antioch mint.
Obverse: IMP C M AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG / Radiate bust of Maximian.
Reverse: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG / Jupiter and Hercules standing face to face, Jupiter holding globe and sceptre; Hercules holding Victory, club, and lion's skin. Crescent and E between them; XXI in exergue.
3.26 gm., 20.5 mm.
RIC #622; Sear #13134.
Callimachus
Caracalla-Hercules.jpg
213 AD - Caracalla 198-217 AD - Hercules291 viewsANTONINVSPIVSAVGBRIT - laureate head right
PMTRPXVICOSIIIIPP - Hercules, naked, standing left, holding branch, club, and lionskin

Rome mint, AD 213, reference RIC IV, part 1, pg 241, 206(a), Cohen 220, BM-48

Beautiful portrait of this "mad" emperor, with a wonderful depiction of hercules. Ex HJB
3 commentsjimwho523
caracalla den03-.jpg
213 AD - CARACALLA limes denarius 27 viewsobv: ANTONINVS.PIVS.AVG.BRIT
rev: P.M.TR.P.XVI.COS.IIII.P.P. (Hercules standing left, holding branch, club and lion's skin)
ref: RIC IV 206a, RSC 220
3.23gms
Limes (or "border") denarii were produced on the fringes of the Empire – mainly on the Eastern borders - because of the coin shortage. They were made of zink and some other metals, and were invariably cast. It seems that the coins were official or, at least, semi-official, since they circulated alongside the official coins. They were usually molded, but sometimes was struck - like this.
berserker
22004.jpg
22004 Gallienus/Hercules Antoninianus13 viewsGallienus/Hercules Antoninianus
Obv: GALLIENVS PF AVG
Bust of Gallienus, radiate, cuirassed, right
Rev: VIRTVS AVGVSTI
Hercules, standing right, holding club in right hand and lion-skin in left hand
Mint:Asia 22.2mm 4.1g
RIC V Gallienus 672
Blayne W
22032~1.jpg
22032 Gallienus VIRTVS AVG28 viewsGallienus/ VIRTVS AVG
Obv: GALLIENVS AVG
Gallienus facing right, Radiate, cuirassed
Rev: VIRTVS AVG
Hercules standing right holding club and apple
VIIC in Exergue
Mint:Antioch 21.3mm 3g
RIC V-1 (S), Asian Mint 623; Goebl 1647b; Sear 10404
2 commentsBlayne W
22035.jpg
22035 Gallienus Virtvs Avgst24 viewsGallienus/Hercules- Virtvs Avgsti
Obv:GALLIENVS PF AVG
Radiate, cuirassed
Rev:VIRTVS AVGVSTI
Hercules standing right with lion's skin, and club resting on rock, right hand behind his back
star in right field
Mint:Antioch 21.3 mm 4.6 g
RIC V-1 (S), Asian Mint 672 var (field mark); Goebl 1616e; Sear -

1 commentsBlayne W
22044.jpg
22044 Gallienus?Virtvs Avgsti7 viewsGallienus/Hercules- Virtvs Avgsti
Obv:GALLIENVS PF AVG
Radiate, cuirassed
Rev:VIRTVS AVGVSTI
Hercules standing right with lion's skin, and club resting on rock, right hand behind his back
star in right field
Mint:Antioch 20.8mm 3.4g
RIC V-1 (S), Asian Mint 672 var (field mark); Goebl 1616e; Sear -
Blayne W
rjb_post10_11_05.jpg
237725 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
VIRTVS AVG
Hercules standing right holding bow
Mint 1 (Trier), Issue 1
Cunetio 2377
mauseus
rjb_post1_11_05.jpg
238325 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
HERC DEVSONIENSI
Hercules standing right leaning on club
Mint 1 (Trier), Issue 1
Cunetio 2383
mauseus
rjb_post4_11_05.jpg
2394-520 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
HERC PACIFERO
Hercules standing left
Mint 1 (Trier), Issue 2
Cunetio 2394-5
mauseus
rjb_2009_10_14.jpg
240917 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
HERC PACIFERO
Hercules standing left in tetrastyle temple
Mint 1 (Trier), Issue 3
Cunetio 2409
mauseus
249-3_Maenia.jpg
249/3. Maenia - quadrans (133 BC)13 viewsAE Quadrans (Rome, 132 BC)
O/ Head of Hercules right, wearing lion's skin; 3 pellets behind.
R/ P MAE ANT M F above prow right; 3 pellets before; ROMA below.
4.65g, 19mm
Crawford 249/3 (28 specimens in Paris)
- Ex-Thersites Collection (bought on 18 April 1986)
- Roma Numismatics, e-sale 33, lot 336.

* Publius Maenius M.f. Antiaticus:

Antiaticus belonged to the plebeian gens Maenia, but his relatives are not known. Other Maenii are recorded in the 2nd century, such as Titus, Gaius, and Quintus Maenius, Praetors respectively in 186, 180, and 170, or Publius Maenius, moneyer in 194-190. However, Antiaticus mentioned on his coins that he was the son of Marcus, who is not known, and none of the aforementioned Maenii shared his cognomen.

Antiaticus must have therefore belonged to another branch of the gens, which descended from Gaius Maenius, Consul in 338, Dictator in 320 and 314, who defeated the Volsci by taking their city of Antium in 338, thus putting an end to the Second Latin War and also the conquest of Latium. The cognomen Antiaticus comes from this victory, for which Gaius Maenius was also rewarded by a statue on the Forum, possibly at the top of a column (Cicero, Pro Sestio, 58; Livy, VIII, 13).

The life of Antiaticus is still very obscure, and it seems he did not hold other office. He is only known through his coins.

Eckel read ME at the end of this legend and conjectured that it might have been the first letters of an agnomen Megellus or Medulinus (V, p. 240-1), but it seems very unlikely that a moneyer could have received an agnomen so early in his career. Perhaps Eckhel could not see good examples of this type; in any case, the legend on this coin clearly reads as MF, for "Marcus filius".
Joss
rjb_2014_08_04.jpg
249711 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
VIRTVS EQVITVM -/-//S
Hercules standing right, arm behind back and resting on club on rocks
Milan Mint, Issue 5
Cunetio 2497
mauseus
1168Hadrian_RIC28.jpg
28 Anonymous issues. Time of Hadrian to Antoninus Pius. Rome Quadrans 117-161 AD13 viewsReference.
RIC 28; C. 38

Obv.
Griffin seated left

Rev. S-C
Tripod.

2.43 gr
15 mm
6h

Note.
The series of Imperial-era anonymous quadrantes portrays eleven deities: Jupiter, Minerva, Roma, Neptune, Tiber, Mars, Venus, Apollo, Mercury, Bacchus/Liber, and Hercules, as well as the Four Seasons. They invariably depict either a portrait on the obverse and an attribute of the deity on the reverse, or otherwise an attribute on either side. These designs appear to be influenced, but not directly copied from, earlier designs of the Republican period.
okidoki
maximianus RIC-V-545.jpg
285-305 AD - MAXIMIANUS AE antoninian 23 viewsobv: IMP.C.M.A.VAL.MAXIMIANVS.AVG (radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right)
rev: HERCVLI.CONSERVAT / T / XXIT (Hercules standing right, nude, holding club with lionskin on rock pile to right)
ref: RIC545, C.238
mint: Ticinum, 285-288 AD
3.43gms, 22mm
berserker
maximianus RIC-V-622.jpg
285-305 AD - MAXIMIANUS silvered AE antoninianus16 viewsobv: IMP.C.M.AVR.VAL.MAXIMIANVS.PF.AVG (radiate cuirassed bust right)
rev: IOVI.ET.HERCVLI.CONSER.AVGG / Δ / XXI (Jupiter standing right holding scepter & orb facing Hercules standing left holding Victory & club)
ref: RIC622, C.311
mint: Antiochia, struck 285-295 AD
4.87gms, 22mm
berserker
rjb_max1_08_06.jpg
28617 viewsMaximianus I 286-305 AD
AR antoninianus
Ticinum Mint
IMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
Radiate, cuirassed bust right
CONSERVATOR AVGG
Emperor & Hercules sacrificing at altar
-/-/XXIΓ•ΛI
RIC 580
mauseus
rjb_max2_08_06.jpg
28614 viewsMaximianus I 286-305 AD
AR antoninianus
Siscia Mint
IMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
VIRTVS AVGVSTORVM
Hercules stg right holding bow, lion scalp and club
-/-/XXIB
RIC 591
mauseus
rjb_max6_08_06.jpg
28619 viewsMaximianus I 286-305 AD
AE antoninianus
Lugdunum Mint
IMP C MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
Radiate, helmeted & cuirassed bust right
VIRTVTI AVGG
Hercules stg right wrestling lion, club at feet
-/-/-
RIC 454
mauseus
rjb_2009_12_09.jpg
28623 viewsMaximianus I 286-305 AD
AE antoninianus
Lugdunum Mint
IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
VIRTVS AVGG
Hercules standing tight leaning on lion clad club
C/-/-
RIC 437
1 commentsmauseus
rjb_2009_12_10.jpg
28612 viewsMaximianus I 286-305 AD
AE antoninianus
Antioch Mint
IMP C M AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
Radiate, ccuirassed bust right
IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG
Hercules stg left holding victoriola to Jupiter stg right holding vertical sceptre and globe
RIC 622
mauseus
rjb_2012_11_36.jpg
28633 viewsMaximianus I 286-305 AD
AE denarius
Uncertain Mint
MAXIMIANVS AVG CONS III
Laureate consular bust left holding eagle tipped sceptre
HERCVLI CONSERVATORI
Hercules standing right leaning on club after completing his labours
-/-//-
RIC (V) -
mauseus
galerius RIC-V-719.jpg
293-305 AD - GALERIUS Caesar AE antoninianus17 viewsobv: GAL.VAL.MAXIMIANVS.NOB.CAES (radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right)
rev: IOVI.ET.HERCVLI.CONS.CAES / Γ / XXI (Jupiter standing right, holding long sceptre and globe, facing Hercules standing left, holding Victory, club and lion's skin)
ref: RIC Vi 719, Cohen 127
mint: Antiochia, struck 293-295 AD
3.43gms, 22mm
berserker
297-1b_Quinctia.jpg
297/1b. Quinctia - denarius (112-111 BC)31 viewsAR Denarius (Rome, 112-111 BC)
O/ Bust of Hercules seen from behind, with head turned to left and club over shoulder.
R/ Desultor right, wearing cuirass; control-mark behind; rat right between TI Q below; D.S.S. incuse on tablet in exergue.
3.82g; 118mm
Crawford 297/1b (87 obverse dies/109 reverse dies)
- Naville Numismatics Live Auction 36, lot 534.

* Tiberius Quinctius:

The attribution of this issue to a Tiberius Quinctius is dubious as the few letters on the reverse could mean different things. Crawford rules out the possibility that the Q stands for Quaestor, so it should only be the first letter of a nomen, hence the attribution to a Quinctius. However a Quinctilius is also possible.

The significance of the rat below the horses is an enigma. It apparently cannot be related to any cognomen; Crawford may be right to reject previous attempts to link it to a name -- the solution is probably not as easy as simply translating "rat", "mouse" or "rodent" in Latin. Mus ("mouse") was nonetheless an attested cognomen, but the gens Decia that bore it was already extinct by the end of the 2nd century.

The reverse with the desultor was perhaps a statue, as the legend DSS stands for "de Senatus Sententia", usually found on public monuments.
2 commentsJoss
10294375_665190743517840_5660653401103979702_n.jpg
305 Diocletian 52 viewsDiocletian AE Antoninianus. Siscia? mint. IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter, half naked, standing right holding sceptre & globe, facing Hercules with lionskin, club & victory on globe, crescent & delta between, XXI in ex. RIC V 323. 3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Rjb_post_sest_04_05.jpg
37230 viewsAE double sestertius
Uncertain mint (cast)
IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
HERC PACIFERO
Hercules standing left, club over shoulder
Bastien 372
mauseus
18-Galerius-Ant-719.jpg
41 Galerius as Caesar: Antioch antoninianus.16 viewsAntoninianus, 293 - 295 AD, Antioch mint.
Obverse: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES / Radiate bust of Galerius.
Reverse: IOVI ET HERCVLI CONS CAES / Jupiter and Hercules standing face to face, Jupiter holding globe and sceptre; Hercules holding Victory, club, and lion's skin. Γ between them; XXI . in exergue.
4.68 gm., 23 mm.
RIC #719; Sear #14297.

True antoniniani of Galerius and Constantius I -- with XXI in the exergue instead of a mint mark as found on "post-reform" radiates -- are fairly scarce because within about two years of their appointment as Caesars, Diocletian inaugerated his coinage reform which did away with the antoninianus.
Callimachus
Scipio.jpg
47-46 BC Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio68 viewsQ METEL SCIPIO IMP
head of Africa right, laur. and clad in elephant's skin, corn-ear before, plough below

EPPIVS LEG F C

Naked Hercules standing facing right, hand on hip resting on club set on rock

North Africa
47-46 BC

Sear 1380/1

Born Publius Cornelius Scipio Nasica. He was adopted by his uncle by marriage and father's second cousin Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius. He married Aemilia Lepida, daughter of Mamercus Aemilius Lepidus Livianus (son of the Censor Marcus Livius Drusus and wife Cornelia Scipio and adopted by Mamercus Aemilius Lepidus) and wife Claudia (sister of Appius Claudius Pulcher (Senior)), and was the father in law of Pompey the Great, married to his daughter Cornelia Metella, called Quinta Pompeia for being his fifth wife.

He was Tribune in 59 BC and became Consul with Pompey the Great in 52 BC. During Caesar's civil war, he served the party of Pompey and fought against Caesar and Marcus Antonius. In 49 BC he was sent as Proconsul to Syria and the following year he took part in the Battle of Pharsalus, where he commanded the center of the Republican battleline. After Pharsalus he fled to Africa were he commanded an army with Cato the Younger, losing in the Battle of Thapsus. After the defeat he tried to escape but was cornered by the fleet of Publius Sittius when he wrecked the ship as he tried to escape to the Iberian Peninsula, to continue to fight from there. He committed suicide by stabbing himself so he would not fall at the hands of his enemies.

SOLD to Calgary Coin June 2017
1 commentsJay GT4
26-Constantius-I-Ant-673.jpg
61 Constantius I as Caesar: Antioch antoninianus.12 viewsAntoninianus, 293 - 295 AD, Antioch mint.
Obverse: FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES / Radiate bust of Constantius.
Reverse: IOVI ET HERCVLI CONS CAES / Jupiter and Hercules standing face to face, Jupiter holding globe and sceptre; Hercules holding Victory, club, and lion's skin. S between them; XXI in exergue.
4.35 gm., 22 mm.
RIC #673; Sear #13985.

True antoniniani of Galerius and Constantius I -- with XXI in the exergue instead of a mint mark as found on "post-reform" radiates -- are fairly scarce because within about two years of their appointment as Caesars, Diocletian inaugerated his coinage reform which did away with the antoninianus.
Callimachus
RIC_116_Denario_Gordiano_III.jpg
69-01 - GORDIANO III (238 - 244 D.C.) 14 viewsAR Denario 20 mm 2.38 gr.

Anv: "IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG" - Busto laureado, vestido y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "VIRTVTI AVGVSTI" - Hércules desnudo de pié de frente viendo a izquierda, su mano derecha descansa sobre su cadera y la derecha sobre un garrote apoyado sobre una roca. Al lado del garrote una piel de león.

Acuñada 8va. Emisión fin 240 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off.4ta.)
Rareza: R

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte III #116 Pag.27 - Sear RCTV Vol.III #8684 Pag.124 - Cohen Vol.V #403 Pag.67 (3f) - RSC Vol. IV #403 Pag.10 - Hunter P.LXXXVI
mdelvalle
RIC_95_Antoniniano_Gordiano_III.jpg
69-16 - GORDIANO III (238 - 244 D.C.)15 viewsAR Antoniniano 21 mm 4.2 gr.

Anv: "IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG" - Busto radiado, vestido y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "VIRTVTI AVGVSTI" - Hércules desnudo de pié de frente viendo a izquierda, su mano derecha descansa sobre su cadera y la derecha sobre un garrote apoyado sobre una roca. Al lado del garrote una piel de león.

Acuñada 9na. a 11ava. Emisiones fin 240 a principio 243 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off.4ta.)

Referencias: RIC Vol.IVc #95 Pag.25, Sear RCTV III #8670 Pag.122, Cohen V #404 var Pag.67, Hunter #71, RSC IV #404 Pag.10, DVM #64 Pag.225, Cayón #85
mdelvalle
Antoniniano Gordiano III RIC 95.jpg
69-17 - GORDIANO III (238 - 244 D.C.)53 viewsAR Antoniniano 21 mm 4.2 gr.

Anv: "IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG" - Busto radiado, vestido y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "VIRTVTI AVGVSTI" - Hércules desnudo de pié de frente viendo a izquierda, su mano derecha descansa sobre su cadera y la derecha sobre un garrote apoyado sobre una roca. Al lado del garrote una piel de león.

Acuñada 9na. a 11ava. Emisiones fin 240 a principio 243 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off.4ta.)

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte III #95 Pag.25 - Sear RCTV Vol.III #8670 - Cohen Vol.V #404 var Pag.67 - RSC Vol. IV #404 Pag.10 - DVM #64 Pag.225 - Cayón #85
1 commentsmdelvalle
RIC_95_Antoniniano_Gordiano_III_0.jpg
69-17 - GORDIANO III (238 - 244 D.C.)17 viewsAR Antoniniano 21 mm 4.6 gr.

Anv: "IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG" - Busto radiado, vestido y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "VIRTVTI AVGVSTI" - Hércules desnudo de pié de frente viendo a izquierda, su mano derecha descansa sobre su cadera y la derecha sobre un garrote apoyado sobre una roca. Al lado del garrote una piel de león.

Acuñada 9na. a 11ava. Emisiones fin 240 a principio 243 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off.4ta.)

Referencias: RIC Vol.IVc #95 Pag.25, Sear RCTV III #8670 Pag.122, Cohen V #404 var Pag.67, Hunter #71, RSC IV #404 Pag.10, DVM #64 Pag.225, Cayón #85
mdelvalle
Denario_Gordiano_III_VIRTVTI_AVGVSTI_RIC__116.jpg
69-30 - GORDIANO III (238 - 244 D.C.) 55 viewsAR Denario 20 mm 2.38 gr.

Anv: "IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG" - Busto laureado, vestido y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "VIRTVTI AVGVSTI" - Hércules desnudo de pié de frente viendo a izquierda, su mano derecha descansa sobre su cadera y la derecha sobre un garrote apoyado sobre una roca. Al lado del garrote una piel de león.

Acuñada 8va. Emisión fin 240 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off.4ta.)
Rareza: R

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte III #116 Pag.27 - Sear RCTV Vol.III #8684 Pag.124 - Cohen Vol.V #403 Pag.67 (3f) - RSC Vol. IV #403 Pag.10
mdelvalle
TiberiusHierapolis.jpg
703b, Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Hierapolis, Phrygia107 viewsBronze AE 16, RPC I 2966 (1 specimen), F, Phrygia, Hierapolis, 3.300g, 15.6mm, 0o; Obverse: TIBEPIOC KAISAR, laureate head right; Reverse: IERAPOLEITWN ZOSIMOS [...], Apollo Archegetes (Lairbenos) standing left, playing lyre; reverse countermarked with star of six rays, in oval punch, 2.5 x 3.5 mm, Howgego 445 (3 pcs, 1 of which from this magistrate); dark patina; very rare. Ex FORVM.

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

TIBERIUS (A.D. 14-37)

Garrett G. Fagan
Pennsylvania State University

The reign of Tiberius Claudius Nero (b. 42 B.C., d. A.D. 37, emperor A.D. 14-37) is a particularly important one for the Principate, since it was the first occasion when the powers designed for Augustus alone were exercised by somebody else. In contrast to the approachable and tactful Augustus, Tiberius emerges from the sources as an enigmatic and darkly complex figure, intelligent and cunning, but given to bouts of severe depression and dark moods that had a great impact on his political career as well as his personal relationships. His reign abounds in contradictions. Despite his keen intelligence, he allowed himself to come under the influence of unscrupulous men who, as much as any actions of his own, ensured that Tiberius's posthumous reputation would be unfavorable; despite his vast military experience, he oversaw the conquest of no new region for the empire; and despite his administrative abilities he showed such reluctance in running the state as to retire entirely from Rome and live out his last years in isolation on the island of Capri. His reign represents, as it were, the adolescence of the Principate as an institution. Like any adolescence, it proved a difficult time.

. . . .

It is all but inevitable that any historical assessment of Tiberius will quickly devolve into a historiographical assessment of Tacitus. So masterful is Tacitus's portrayal of his subject, and so influential has it been ever since, that in all modern treatments of Tiberius, in attempting to get at the man, must address the issue of Tacitus's historiographical methods, his sources, and his rhetoric. The subject is too vast to address here, but some points are salient. Tacitus's methods, especially his use of innuendo and inference to convey notions that are essentially editorial glosses, makes taking his portrayal of Tiberius at face value inadvisable. Further, his belief in the immutable character of people -- that one's character is innate at birth and cannot be changed, although it can be disguised -- prevents him from investigating the possibility that Tiberius evolved and developed over his lifetime and during his reign. Instead, Tacitus's portrayal is one of peeling back layers of dissimulation to reach the "real" Tiberius lurking underneath.

Overall, Tiberius's reign can be said to show the boons and banes of rule by one man, especially a man as dark, awkward, and isolated as Tiberius. For the people of the provinces, it was a peaceful and well-ordered time. Governors behaved themselves, and there were no destructive or expensive wars. In the domestic sphere, however, the concentration of power in one person made all the greater the threat of misbehavior by ambitious satellites like Sejanus or foolish friends like Piso. Furthermore, if the emperor wished to remain aloof from the mechanics of power, he could do so. Administrators, who depended on him for their directions, could operate without his immediate supervision, but their dealings with a man like Sejanus could lead to disaster if that man fell from grace. As a result, although he was not a tyrant himself, Tiberius's reign sporadically descended into tyranny of the worst sort. In the right climate of paranoia and suspicion, widespread denunciation led to the deaths of dozens of Senators and equestrians, as well as numerous members of the imperial house. In this sense, the reign of Tiberius decisively ended the Augustan illusion of "the Republic Restored" and shone some light into the future of the Principate, revealing that which was both promising and terrifying.

[For the complete article please refer to http://www.roman-emperors.org/tiberius.htm]

By Garrett G. Fagan, Pennsylvania State University.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.


Hierapolis in History

Usually said to be founded by Eumenes II, king of Pergamum (197-159 BC), Hierapolis may actually have been established closer to the 4th century BC by the Seleucid kings.

The name of the city may derive from Hiera, the wife of Telephus (son of Hercules and grandson of Zeus), the mythical founder of Pergamum. Or it may have been called the "sacred city" because of the temples located at the site. (The name Pamukkale is sometimes used just to refer to the white terraces, but the modern name of the whole area is also Pamukkale.)

With Colossae and Laodicea, Hierapolis became part of the tri-city area of the Lycus River valley. Hierapolis was located across the river from the other two cities and was noted for its textiles, especially wool. The city was also famous for its purple dye, made from the juice of the madder root.

The hot springs at Hierapolis (which still attract visitors today) were believed to have healing properties, and people came to the city to bathe in the rich mineral waters in order to cure various ailments.

Hierapolis was dedicated to Apollo Lairbenos, who was said to have founded the city. The Temple of Apollo that survives in ruins today dates from the 3rd century AD, but its foundations date from the Hellenistic period.

Also worshipped at Hierapolis was Pluto, god of the underworld, probably in relation to the hot gases released by the earth (see the Plutonium, below). The chief religious festival of ancient Hierapolis was the Letoia, in honor of the the goddess Leto, a Greek form of the Mother Goddess. The goddess was honoured with orgiastic rites.

Hierapolis was ceded to Rome in 133 BC along with the rest of the Pergamene kingdom, and became part of the Roman province of Asia. The city was destroyed by an earthquake in 60 AD but rebuilt, and it reached its peak in the 2nd and 3rd centuries AD.

Famous natives of Hierapolis include the Stoic philosopher Epictetus (c.55-c.135 AD) and the philosopher and rhetorician Antipater. Emperor Septimus hired Antipater to tutor his sons Caracalla and Geta, who became emperors themselves.

Hierapolis had a significant Jewish population in ancient times, as evidence by numerous inscriptions on tombs and elsewhere in the city. Some of the Jews are named as members of the various craft guilds of the city. This was probably the basis for the Christian conversion of some residents of Hierapolis, recorded in Colossians 4:13.

In the 5th century, several churches as well as a large martyrium dedicated to St. Philip (see "In the Bible," below) were built in Hierapolis. The city fell into decline in the 6th century, and the site became partially submerged under water and deposits of travertine. It was finally abandoned in 1334 after an earthquake. Excavations began to uncover Hierapolis in the 19th century.

Hierapolis in the Bible

Hierapolis is mentioned only once in the Bible, when St. Paul praises Epaphras, a Christian from Colossae, in his letter to the Colossians. Paul writes that Epaphras "has worked hard for you and for those in Laodicea and in Hierapolis" (Colossians 4:12-13). Epaphras was probably the founder of the Christian community at Hierapolis.

Ancient tradition also associates Hierapolis with a biblical figure, reporting that Philip died in Hierapolis around 80 AD. However, it is not clear which Philip is menat. It could be Philip the Apostle, one of the original 12 disciples, who is said to have been martyred by upside-down crucifixion (Acts of Philip) or by being hung upside down by his ankles from a tree.

Or Philip could be Philip the Evangelist, a later disciple who helped with administrative matters and had four virgin-prophetess daughters (Acts 6:1-7; 21:8-9). Early traditions say this Philip was buried in Hierapolis along with his virgin daughters, but confusingly call him "Philip the Apostle"! In any case, it seems a prominent person mentioned in Acts did die in Hierapolis.
http://www.sacred-destinations.com/turkey/hierapolis-pamukkale.htm

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
train ric 49.jpg
98-117 AD Trajan Denarius Hercules167 viewsIMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM, laureate head right
P M TR P COS IIII P P, statue of Hercules holding club and lion skin, set on low base; mint luster, light toning,

Rome mint, 101-102 A.D, 3.54g, 18.6mm, 180o Reference:RIC 49, RSC 234, BMC 86.
exceptionally well struck reverse for the issue. Ex-Forum
1 commentsjimwho523
Gallienus_32.jpg
A33 viewsGallienus Antoninianus

Attribution: RIC 207k
Date: AD 267-268
Obverse: GALLIENVS AVG; radiate bust r.
Reverse: IOVICONS AVG; goat stg. l.; stigma in exergue
Size: 17 mm
Weight: 2.5 grams

Gallienus’ coinage is perhaps best know by the issuance of his Zoo series. Each coin type depicts a mythical or real animal on the reverse as a dedication to a specific Roman deity: Diana (doe, stag, antelope/gazelle), Apollo (centaur, gryphon), Sol (Pegasus/winged horse, bull), Jupiter (goat), Liber Pater (panther/tigress), Neptune (capricorn, hippocamp), Juno (doe/elk/capreolus), Mercury (hippocamp/criocamp), Hercules (lion, boar).

“The vast majority of Zoo coins were produced at the mint of Rome, with a few rare examples coming from Siscia. Each officina produced a different coin within the series, with some producing a second, less common type also. Occasionally you'll find an animal with the "wrong" officina mark. These are fascinating, and the rarity leads us to believe that they represented mistakes, perhaps when a die engraver was transferred from one workshop to another. He gets the right animal, but the wrong officina. Or maybe one workshop was falling behind, so another was temporarily enlisted to help catch up on the quota?” – from Jim’s page on Coins of Gallienus' Zoo at http://www.ruark.org/coins/Zoo/#ZooLinks
Noah
RIC_371_Antoniniano_Maximiano.jpg
A111 -01 - MAXIMIANO (1er. Reinado 286 - 305 D.C.)12 viewsAntoniniano Pre-reforma 20 mm 4.3 gr.
M.AVRELIVS VALERIVS MAXIMIANVS – Emperador asociado por Diocleciano para que gobierne como “Augusto de Occidente”, hasta 305 D.C. cuando abdica.

Anv: "IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG" - Busto con corona radiada, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "HERCVLI PACIFERO" – Hércules desnudo de pié de frente viendo a izquierda, portando una rama de olivo en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido y garrote y piel de león en la izquierda. "Δ" en campo izquierdo.

Acuñada: 287 - 288 D.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum – Hoy Lyon Francia

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte II #371 (C) Pag.263 – Cohen VI #282 Pag.520 - DVM #23 Pag.278 - Sear RCTV IV #13131 Pag.147 - Hunter iv #27 - Bastien #135
mdelvalle
Antoniniano_Maximiano_RIC_371BIS.jpg
A111 -1 - MAXIMIANO (1er. Reinado 286 - 305 D.C.)61 viewsAntoniniano Pre-reforma 20 mm 4.3 gr.
M.AVRELIVS VALERIVS MAXIMIANVS – Emperador asociado por Diocleciano para que gobierne como “Augusto de Occidente”, hasta 305 D.C. cuando abdica.

Anv: "IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG" - Busto con corona radiada, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "HERCVLI PACIFERO" – Hércules desnudo de pié de frente viendo a izquierda, portando una rama de olivo en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido y garrote y piel de león en la izquierda. "Δ" en campo izquierdo.

Acuñada: 287 - 288 D.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum – Hoy Lyon Francia
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte II #371 Pag.263 – Cohen vol-VI #282 Pag.520 - DVM # Pag. - Salgado MRBI Vol.III # Pag.
mdelvalle
100_0646.JPG
Acilia 413 viewsM. Acilius M.f. 130 BC. Denarius. Helmeted head of Roma within two dotted circles / Hercules, holding club and trophy, in walking quadriga. Crawford 255/1; Syd 511. simmurray
BOTH_ASSELIAS_THIS.jpg
Aesillas Macedonian Tetradrachm c 80 BC9 viewsObv: Head of Alexander the Great with horns of Ammon
behind Θ mint of Thessillonika
MAKEΔONΩN below
Rev: AESILLAS ; below Q (Quaestor)
Left ;Money Chest ; middle, Club of Hercules, ; right, Quaestor's Chair
All surrounded by a wreath
Obs 37 Reverse not in plates
Bauslaugh group VI c 85 BC
29mm 17.02gm
cicerokid
Baktria_Agothocleia+StratonI_SNG-ANS983_0.jpg
Agothocleia and Straton I14 viewsAgothocleia and Straton I, 110-100 BC. AE square medium (7.40 gm). Indian standard. Draped bust of Athena r. wearing crested helmet. ΒAΣIΛIΣΣA ΘEOTPOΠOY AΓAΘOKΛEIAΣ / Hercules seated l. on rock, club against thigh. Karoshthi legend Maharajasa tratarasa dhramikasa Maharajasa (of Great King Straton, the Just Savior). EF. Agora Auctions Sale 65 #060. Exceptional for type. SNG ANS 9 #983-986; Boperachchi Série 3A; Mitchener 2 307; HGC 12 #317.Christian T
39713q00.jpg
AHG 562 . The Antioch Hoard of Gallienus . Claudius II Gothicus , September 268 - August or September 270 A.D.23 viewsClaudius II Gothicus, September 268 - August or September 270 A.D.
Silvered antoninianus . 3.630g, 21.1mm, 0o, Antioch mint, 268 - 269 A.D
Obverse : IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind
Reverse : IVVENTVS AVG, Hercules standing slightly right, head left, nude, resting right on grounded club, lion skin in right, “D” in ex
RIC V 213, Cohen 137, SRCV III 11344 var, AHG 562 (this coin)
From the Antioch Hoard of Gallienus . Ex Forum
Vladislav D
B-alexander_III_01.jpg
Alexander III AR Drachm34 viewsObv: Head of Alexander the Great as Hercules right, wearing lion-skin knotted at base of neck.
Rev: ALEXANDROU - Zeus seated left, N before, and B below throne.
Year: 310-301 BC
Mint: Colophon
Weight: 4.20g
Cat #: Muller.1335, Price.1800
oa
alexander_miletos.jpg
Alexander III AR Drachm 118 viewsKings of Macedon Alexander III the Great, 336-323 BC

Head of Herakles in lion skin facing right

AΛEΞANΔPOY in right field, Zeus enthroned facing left holding eagle and sceptre; double-head (bipennis) axe beneath throne, circled ΠPYA monogram in left field.

Price 2148; Thompson DM 260; Newell 49.

3.97g

Struck under Demetrios Poliorketes ca. 300-294 BC at Ionia, Miletos Mint.

Some encrustations remain around Zeus

Sold Forum Auction May 2019
2 commentsJay GT4
20110425-2059332.jpg
Alexander III the Great20 viewsStruck under Antigonos I Monophthalmos,
Obverse: Hercules wearing lion skin headress
Reverse: Zeus enthroned holding eagle
Magnesia Mint
319-305 BC
3.9 gm 18mm
Price 1970
1 commentswileyc
AlexanderTheGreate.jpg
Alexander III The Great15 viewsArgead Dynasty

Kingdom of Macedon (336 - 323 BC)

Obverse: Herakle's head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp, headdress tied at neck.

Reverse: Bow, quiver and club, Basilews written between.
Pericles J2
alex.jpg
Alexander III the Great (336 - 323 B.C.)67 viewsLifetime Issue
AR Tetradrachm
O: Head of Alexander as Hercules right, wearing lion-skin headdress.
R: AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg forward (archaic lifetime style), eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, bow on left.
Salamis mint, struck 332-323 B.C.
16.95g
25mm
Price 3139 ; SNG Alpha Bank 662; Newell. Salamis 7.
5 commentsMat
28314.jpg
Alexander III the Great - King of Macedonia c. 336-323 B.C.18 viewsBronze 18mm (6.24 grams) Macedonian mint, c. 336-323 B.C.
Obv: Head of Alexander the Great as Hercules right, wearing the lion-skin headdress.
Rev: AΛEΞANΔΡOY between Hercules' weapons, club above and bowcase below; thunderbolt above; Δ below.
Ref: Sear 6739; Price 275; Mueller 22; SNG Cop 1035
mjabrial
DSC01739.JPG
Alexander III, the Great AR Drachm SUPERB 289 viewsAlexander III, The Great. Ruler of the Ancient World 336-323 BC.
Silver Drachm 17mm (4.28 grams)
Struck in the name of Alexander the Great.
Probably LYSIMACHEIA mint. Simbles similar to Lysimachos´ ca 301-297

Obv:
Head of Hercules right, wearing lion skin headdress.
Rev:
ALEXANDROU, Zeus seated left, griffin monogram below, monogram below. _sold :o(

Lisandro III de Macedonia,
Lisandro Magano
(greco: Ἀλέξανδρος Γ' ὁ Μακεδών, Aléxandros trίtos ho Makedόn)
Re de Macedonia,
Egemone de la Liga elenica,
Faraon d'Egito,
Re dei Re.
SOLD
2 commentsAntonio Protti
Alexander_III,_King_of_Macedon_Silver.jpg
Alexander III, The Great, King of Macedon 336-323 BC. Silver Tetradrachm87 viewsPrice 3725a
struck betweem 317-311 DC. BABYLON mint,

Obverse: Head of Hercules right wearing lion skin headdress knotted at the base of neck
Reverse: ALEXANDROU behind Zeus enthroned left holding eagle & sceptre, XA monogram before on left field, monogram MYP in wreath beneath throne
17.1 gram _20800 Sold
2 commentsAntonivs Protti
Alexander-NFA-June1986-Blk.jpg
Alexander of Macedon - Tetradrachm of Amphipolis10 viewsDenomination: Tetradrachm
Era: After 323 BC
Metal: AR
Obverse: Head of Hercules in Lion Scalp

Reverse: Jupiter seated l. holding staff in l. eagle in r. ΑΛΕΣΑΝΔΡΟΥ along r. paralell with staff. Torch mintmark of amphipolis

Mint: Amphipolis
Weight: 3.87 gm.
Reference: Muller 81 var.
Provenance: NFA Summer Mail Bid Sale, June 27, 1986, lot 202; Ex Superior Stamp and Coin Co., Inc. Dr Walter Lee Crouch Collection, June 13-16, 1977, lot 2577

Remarkable obverse style. GVF.
1 commentsSteve B5
Macedonian_Kingdom_4.PNG
Alexander the Great9 viewsKingdom of Macedonia, Alexander the Great

Macedonian Mint, c. 335-323 BC

Obverse: Head of Hercules right, wearing lion skin knotted at base of neck.

Reverse:ALEXANDROU above Club, Caduceus Above Bowcase.

Mueller 541, SNG Cop. 1057.

Weight: 5,5 grams Size: 17 mm Material: Orichalcum
Macedonian Warrior
Alex_great_ae_eagle.jpg
Alexander the Great AE18, eagle24 viewsMacedonian Kingdom, Alexander the Great AE18. 3,7 g, Head of young Hercules facing right in lion skin / ALEXANDROU, eagle standing right on thunderbolt, looking back. Sear 6743 var, Forrer/ Weber 2142.1 commentsPodiceps
coin608.jpg
Alexander the Great AR Drachm. Kolophon Mint11 viewsAlexander the Great AR Drachm. Kolophon Mint,
310-301 BC. Head of Hercules right in lionskin /
ALEXANDROU, Zeus seated left, holding eagle &
scepter, legs crossed, K monogram before, F below.
Coin #608
cars100
IM002341.JPG
Amman - Citadel - Pillars of the Temple of Hercules17 views2 commentsotlichnik
IM002342.JPG
Amman - Citadel - Temple of Hercules and View of City11 viewsThe remains of the 2nd century AD Temple of Hercules on the Amman citadel high above the Forum. otlichnik
007-3-horz.jpg
An Issue of the Celts in the area of the Lower Danube, AR Tetradrachm9 views2nd - 1st centuries BC
This coin is to be a representation of a tetradrachm issued in Thasos c. 150 BC
15.24 grams
Obv. is a representation of a young Dionysos facing right
Rev. is a representation of a naked Herakles stg, l. the "dots" to either side and below Hercules represents the Greek legend on the Thasos coin that this issue was intending to pass as.
Sear #1759
Purchased on eBay
Richard M10
s39~0.JPG
Anchialus, Maximinus I23 viewsMaximinus I AE19 of Anchialus, Thrace. AVT MAZIMINOC AV, laureate bust left holding sheild / AGCIALEWN, Hercules wrestling the Namean Lion right, bow to left. ecoli
Ancient_Greek__Alexander_the_Great_Drachm.jpg
Ancient Greek / Alexander the Great (336 - 323) BC Drachm50 viewsPhilip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AR Drachm . In the name of Alexander III. Kolophon mint. Struck under Menander or Kleitos, circa 322-319 BC.
OBVERSE : Head of Alexander, as Hercules, clad in lion’s skin.
REVERSE : Zeus Aëtophoros seated left holding eagle and scepter, Lyre before.

17.9 MM AND 4.16 GRAMS , VF . Price 1768.


From the Sam Mansourati Collection.
Sam
Ancient_Greek__Island_of_THASOS_Tetradrachm.jpg
Ancient Greek / Island of THASOS / Tetradrachm ( After 148 BC )103 viewsObverse : Head of young Dionysos right, wreathed with ivy and with band across forehead.
Reverse : HPAKΛΕΟΥΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΘΑΣΙΩΝ - Hercules, naked, standing left, holding club, lion's skin over left arm; monogram in field to left.

Reference: Sear 1759; B.M.C. 3.67-78

From the Sam Mansourati Collection.
11 commentsSam
quadrans.jpg
Anonymous AE Quadrans13 viewsOBV: Head of Hercules right, wearing lion skin, three pellets behind.
REV: Prow right, ROMA above, three pellets below.
Date: 91 BC
3.01g
Syd 679c, Cr339/4a-b

The Roman Republic Anonymous Quadrans.
miffy
republicanae_copy.jpg
Anonymous AE Quadrans23 viewsAnonymous. 169-158 BC. Æ Quadrans, 28mm. Obv: Head of Hercules right. Rev: Prow right, ROMA below.Molinari
bull___snake.jpg
Anonymous Quadrans, Head of Hercules r./ Bull r. snake below7 viewsQuadrans circa 217-215, æ. Head of Hercules r., wearing boar skin; behind, three pellets. Rev. Bull charging r.; above, three pellets. Below, snake and in exergue, ROMA. Hannover 185. Sydenham 94. Crawford 39/2.Podiceps
rep12.jpg
Anonymous Quadrans, Head of Hercules r./ Prow9 viewsAnonymous, Æ quadrans, c. 91 BC, Rome Mint, Head of Hercules right, wearing lion skin, three pellets behind. / Prow right, ROMA above, three pellets below. Crawford 339/4a, Sydenham 679c.Podiceps
0170_orig.jpg
Anonymous, Qudrans 'star' (first) 0 viewsAnonymous, Qudrans 'star' (first)


RRC: 196/4
206 - 195 bc
3,25 gr

AV: Head of Hercules r., wearing lion’s skin; behind, three pellets.
RV: Rev. ROMA Prow r.; before, eight-rayed star and below, three pellets.

ex Naville Numismatics, NN Live Auction 48, Lot 331, 07.04.2019
Norbert
Roma_Republic_Anonymus_Quadrans,_AE-18_Head_of_Hercules_right,_Prow_of_galley_right,three_pellet,_cc2cent_BC_Q-001_3h_18-19mm_4,23g-s.jpg
Anonymus AE Quadrans (after 211 B.C.), Rome, Republic, AE-18, Crawford ???, Prow of galley right,161 viewsAnonymus AE Quadrans (after 211 B.C.), Rome, Republic, AE-18, Crawford ???, Prow of galley right,
avers:- Head of young Hercules right, wearing lion's skin headdress, three pellets behind, (mark of value).
revers: - ROMA, Prow of galley right, three pellets (mark of value) below.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 4,23g, axis: 3h,
mint: Rome, date:after 211 B.C., ref: Crawford ???, McCabe group H1 Qd.1.,(Half-weight fractions, overstrikes on Punic bronzes).
Q-001
quadrans
Postumus3.jpg
Antoninianus of Postumus34 viewsPostumus AR Antoninianus. 259-268 AD

IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right / HERC DEVSONIENSI ("Hercules of Deuson"). Hercules standing right, leaning on club, holding lion's skin and bow. Mint: ? (possibly Lyon)

RIC 64, Elmer 187, Cohen 91
Belisarius
AntPius1.jpg
Antoninus Pius As25 viewsAE As
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG.PIVS.P.P.TR.P.XVII (or XVIII)
Rev.: COS IIII S.C.; Hercules, naked, stg. r., lion-skin on l. arm, leaning on club and holding bow and arrow.
RIC III, 922; C.211; AD 153/4; or RIC III, 935(a); C.209; AD 154/5;

Scarce
Tanit
ANTOAS07-2.jpg
Antoninus Pius, RIC 935(b), As of AD 154-155 (Hercules)15 viewsÆ As (8.1g, Ø 25mm, 12h). Rome, AD 154-155.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XVIII, laureate and draped bust right.
Rev.: COS IIII S C, Hercules standing right right holding club. left bow and arrow and lion skin on arm.
RIC 935(b) (S); BMC 1978; Cohen 210; Kankelfitz 153/73
Ex Ancient Times, Oxford, 1995.

The reverse depicts the statue of Hercules of the Theatre of Pompey, 2nd century, now in the round room area of Museo Pio-Clementino
Charles S
ap2OR.jpg
Antoninus Pius, RIC III 92220 viewsRome mint, Antoninus Pius copper as, 153 - 154 A.D. AE, 27mm 8.97g, RIC III 922, Cohen 211
O: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XVII, laureate head right;
R: COS IIII S C, Hercules standing half right, resting right on club, lion-skin, arrow and bow in left
casata137ec
76001039.jpg
Antoninus Pius, Topirus, Hercules seated, AE24156 viewsSale: CNG 76, Lot: 1039. Closing Date: Wednesday, 12 September 2007.
THRACE, Topirus. Antoninus Pius. AD 138-161. Æ 24mm (5.71 g, 6h). Faba Grippinus, consularis. Bare head right / Hercules seated left on rock outcropping, holding club set on ground. SNG Copenhagen 806; Varbanov 511. VF, green and brown patina, rough areas, especially around the perimeter.

From the James E. Cain Collection via CNG
also sold by Peus, auction 366, lot 426 (Marcel Burstein) on 25.10.2000 for 160 DM + fees

dealer's picture
1 commentsareich
thasostdrachm.jpg
AR Tetradrachm of Thasos, Roman imitative 148 -80 BC40 viewsOBV: Head of Dionysos right wreathed with ivy leaves
REV :HPAKLEOYS SUTHPOS THASIUN (Hercules, Saviour of the Thasians); nude Heracles standing left holding club and lionskin; MH monogram to left
SNG Cop 1040, Dewing 1344, BMC 74 (Ref. Wildwinds)
These tet's were minted on Thasos off the coast of Thrace, and became an important international medium of exchange after Rome closed the Macedonian mints. The obverse celebrates the wine for which Thasos was renowned and the reverse may refer to a temple of Heracles. The type was widely copied among the Thracian tribes (imitatives) and the Celts (barbaric types).
According to Dr. Prokopov this coin is probably a Roman imitative, struck by Roman authorities between 148 and 80 BC, hence the fine classical style. The weight is right for the Rhodian standard. Holed and plugged.

Diameter ~30 mm, wt. 13.7 gm
daverino
Maionia.jpg
Asia Minor, Lydia, Maionia, Pseudo-autonomous issue17 viewsLydia, Maionia
Pseudo-autonomous issue
Time of Antoninus Pius, 138-161
Obv.: bearded head of Herakles left
Rev.: MAIONΩN , Omphale advancing right, holding lion's skin and club across shoulder
Ae, 4.28g, 19mm
Ref.: SNG von Aulock 3011var.
shanxi
Pergamon_14.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Athena, Hercules8 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE9, c. 300 B.C.
Obv.: Helmeted head of Athena right, ΠΕΡΓ right
Rev.: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin
AE, 1.04g, 9.3mm
Ref.: BMC Mysia p. 112, 22 var.
shanxi
TEMENOTHYRAI.jpg
Asia Minor, Phrygia TEMENOTHYRAI 14 viewsPhrygia TEMENOTHYRAI
Pseudo-autonomous issue
Obv.: THMЄNOC ΟΙΚΙCΤΗC,
laureate-headed and draped bust of Temenos
Rev.: [..]ΟΠΕΛΙΑΝΟC A[…] ΤΗΜΕΝΟΘ[…]
Heracles standing right, hand on club
Ae, 11.02g, 24.9mm
shanxi
IMG_0083.JPG
ATTICA, Athens. AR Tetradrachm95 viewsCirca 454-404 B.C. 17.15 grams. Obverse: archaizing head of Athena right. Reverse: owl standing right, olive sprig left upper corner with crescent moon below, ethnic to right field, all within incuse square. Kroll 8. HGC 4, 1597. SNG Copenhagen 31. SNG Munchen 49. Dewing 1591-7. Gulbenkian 519-21. Kraay & Hirmer 362. Choice EF, well centered, high relief (as usual).
Ex CNG
The quintessential "Old Style" or "Classical Style" silver tetradrachm representative coin of Classical Athens called "glaukes" or owls. Silver probably came from the mines of Laurion or from member city states of the Delian League. Countless articles and exhaustive studies had been made regarding the enormous output of these coins during its remarkable existence. One of the early trade coins of the ancient world and undeniably well travelled from the Pillars of Hercules to ancient India, hence its ubiquitous nature. What more could be said of it?
3 commentsJason T
Baktria_Euthydemos_Mitchener1613.jpg
Baktria, Euthydemos 12 viewsBaktria, Euthydemos I Theos Megas. 225-200 BC. AR Drachm (3.44 gm) struck 225-220/15. Diademed head of Euthydemos I r. / Hercules seated l. on rock, holding club set on pile of stones. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΕΥΘΥΔΕΜΟΥ. VF. Contemporary fouree imitation? Mitchener 1613; Bopearachchi Serie 7; HGC 12 #46.Christian T
Baktria_EuthydemosI_SNG-ANS136_HGC42.jpg
Baktria, Euthydemos I 12 viewsBaktria, Euthydemos I Theos Megas. 225-200 BC. AR Tetradrachm of Baktra (16.57 gm) 215-210. Diademed and idealized head of Euthydemos I r. / Hercules, seated l. on rock, club resting on knee. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΕΥΘΥΔΕΜΟΥ. Monogram Kp to r. EF. CICF 04 #1388. SNG ANS 9 #136; HGC 12 #42; Sear Greek 7515; Kritt B14: Bop Serie 9A.Christian T
Baktria_EuthydemosI_SNGANS128.jpg
Baktria, Euthydemos I12 viewsBaktria, Euthydemos I. 225-200 BC. AR Tetradrachm (16.43 gm) Mint A (near Aï Khanoum). Struck c. 210/08-206 BC. Diademed head of middle-aged Euthydemos I r. / Hercules, seated l. on rock holding club set on pile of stones. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΕΥΘΥΔΕΜΟΥ. Monogram to r. gVF. SNG ANS 9 #128; Sear 7515; Mitchiner type 95c; BMC 2-3; MIG Type 89d; Bopearachi Serie 5D. cf Kritt A11.Christian T
Baktria_EuthydemosII_SNGANS219.jpg
Baktria, Euthydemos II14 viewsBaktria, Euthydemos II. 185-180 BC. AR Drachm (4.27 gm). Diademed and draped bust of Euthydemos II r. / Hercules, standing facing, crowned with ivy, holding wreath, club & lion skin. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΕΥΘΥΔΕΜΟΥ. aVF. SNG ANS 9 #219; MIG Type 114b; Bopearachchi Série 2B; HGC 12 #73; Sear 7537.Christian T
10415v.jpg
Baktria, Graeco-Baktrian Kings, Euthydemos I., Æ Double Unit, 235-200 BC.68 viewsBaktria, Graeco-Baktrian Kings, Euthydemos I.,
Æ Double Unit (21-23 mm / 7.02 g), 235-200 BC.,
Obv.: Bare head of Hercules right.
Rev.: [B]AΣIΛEΩS above, EYΘYΔHMOY below, horse prancing right.
Sear GC 7523 ; Mitchiner, Indogreek 87 ; Bopearachchi Série 17A ; SNG ANS 146ff ; BMC India 8, 6 .

my ancient coin database
Arminius
34.jpg
BASTIEN 3349 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: COMITI PROBI AVG (HERCULES)
BUST TYPE: B
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//IIII
WEIGHT 4.27 g / AXIS 12h / WIDTH: 22-23mm
RIC: 71 VAR. (B BUST UNLISTED)
BASTIEN: 334 (4 EX.)
COLLECTION NO: 1064
NOTE: SCARCE AND VERY DESIRABLE REVERSE TYPE WITH HERCVLES AS PROBVS' COMES INSTEAD OF (MUCH MORE COMMON) MINERVA
Barnaba6
lead_statue_BCC_L15.jpg
BCC L1524 viewsLead statuette
Caesarea Maritima
Greco-Roman Eastern, 1st-3rd century CE?
Youthful Herakles?(Hercules), or Hercules/Melkart?
nude, with lion skin? cloak, clasped at neck.
Another possible attribution could be Hermes?
The top of the head is slightly flattened, with
cracks, and may have sustained damage as a
result of an impact in antiquity. There is another
possible impact cut-mark on the left shoulder.
4.6cm x 3.2cm. x 1.3cm.
weight: 44.5gm.

click for higher resolution
v-drome
maximian_iov_et_herc.jpg
BCC Lr2320 viewsLate Roman
Maximian 286-305 CE
AE Antoninianus
Obv:IMP C M AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG
Radiate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG
Jupiter standing right holding scepter and orb, facing
Hercules standing left holding Victory and club.
In field E, with star above. In ex. XXI.
21mm 4.12gm. Axis:150
Mint: Antioch, RIC 622v
v-drome
claudius_ivv_LR37.jpg
BCC LR3722 viewsLate Roman BCC LR37
Claudius II 268-270CE
AE Antoninianus
Obv:IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG
Radiate head left
Rev:IVVEN-TVS AVG
Hercules standing front, head
left, holding club and lion skin.
Exergue: blank.
RIC V 213 (3,L) Antioch Mint
19.5mm. 3.72gm. Axis:0
v-drome
maximian_Virtus_LR54.jpg
BCC LR54 15 viewsLate Roman
Maximian 286-305 CE
AE Antoninianus
Obv:IMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG
Radiate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: VIRTVS AVGVSTORUM
Hercules standing right with bow and lion
skin, leaning on club. In field: Γ In ex:XXI
22mm 2.75gm. Axis:0
Possible reference RIC V 591, Siscia Mint?
v-drome
BCC_LT28.jpg
BCC LT2825 viewsLead Tessera
Obv: Figure facing, head turned
left, Hermes?, holding object
in right hand, and cape or
skin? in left. Perhaps Zeus or
Hercules. Any ideas appreciated.
Rev: Blank.
12x11mm. 1.67gm.
v-drome
hercules_minima_1.png
BCC m11-1586 viewsFive Minute Coins
from Caesarea Maritima
2nd-3rd cent. CE
OBV: bust of Hercules rt.
REV: various: Boar, wolf,
bull or dog std. right.
in ex. SC, dots, or blank.
The coin on the left, an uncia inscribed [IMP
CAES TRAIA]N AVG GERM, may be the
prototype for these minimae which
Hamburger assigns to the mint at Caesarea.
AE 12.5-7.0 mm. 1.9-0.4 g.
similar to Hamburger #35-58
Atiqot Vol.1 1954/56
v-drome
hercules_minima_2.png
BCC m16-2059 viewsFive Minute Coins
from Caesarea Maritima
2nd-3rd cent. CE
OBV: bust of Hercules rt.
REV: various: Boar, wolf,
bull or dog std. right.
in ex. SC, dots, or blank.
The coin on the left may have an
imperial portrait, possibly Hadrian or Pius,
instead of the bust of Hercules. The inscription
is not clear.
AE 12.5-7 mm. 1.3-0.6 g.
similar to Hamburger #35-58
Atiqot Vol.1 1954/56
v-drome
hercules_minimae_3.png
BCC m21-2568 viewsFive Minute Coins
from Caesarea Maritima
2nd-3rd cent. CE
OBV: bust of Hercules rt.
[IMP CAES TRAIAN AVG
GERM]or no inscription.
REV: various: Boar, wolf,
bull or dog std. right.
in ex. SC, dots, or blank.
AE 11mm.-5.75mm. 1.2gm.-0.3gm.
v-drome
hercules_minimae_4.png
BCC m26-3062 viewsFive Minute Coins from Caesarea Maritima
2nd-3rd cent. CE
OBV: bust of Hercules rt.
[IMP CAES TRAIAN AVG
GERM]or no inscription.
REV: various: Boar, wolf,
bull or dog std. right.
in ex. SC, dots, or blank.
AE 9.75-5.5mm. 1.3-0.4 g.
Similar to Hamburger #35-58
Atiqot Vol.1 1954/56
v-drome
hercules_boar.png
BCC m341 viewsRoman Provincial
Caesarea Maritima?
Trajan? 98-117 CE
Obv: bust of Hercules rt.
Rev: Boar standing right. in ex [SC]?
AE 9x10mm approx. 0.8 gm Axis: 0
Similar to Hamburger #38, Atiqot Vol.1 1954,
"Minute Coins from Caesarea", but nothing exactly
like it in the article.
v-drome
Hercules_minimae_5.png
BCC m31-3558 viewsMinute Coins from Caesarea Maritima
2nd-3rd cent. CE
OBV: bust of Hercules rt.
[IMP CAES TRAIAN AVG
GERM]or no inscription.
REV: various: Boar, wolf,
bull or dog std. right.
in ex. SC, dots, or blank.
AE 10.0-7.0mm. 1.0-0.4 g.
Similar to Hamburger #35-58 Atiqot Vol.1 1954/56
Hamburger assigns these small coins to the mint at
Caesarea.
v-drome
Hercules_minimae_6.png
BCC m36-4069 viewsMinute Coins from Caesarea Maritima
2nd-3rd cent. CE
OBV:Hercules or Imp. head rt.
no inscription.
REV: various: Boar, wolf,
bull,dog, or ibis?(m36) std. right.
in ex. SC, dots, or blank. AE 9.0-6.0mm. 0.8-0.3 g.
Similar to Hamburger #35-58 Atiqot Vol.1 1954/56
(m36), possible ibis rev.
(m39) poss. imperial bust
v-drome
tyre_stags.jpg
BCC rgp1821 viewsRoman Provincial
Tyre - Phoenicia
Elagabalus 218-222C.E.
Obv:[IMP CEAS M AV ANTONINVS AVG]
Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: [TYRIORVM]
Standing figure with four stags running
Murex shell below.
Stevenson's Dictionary associates this figure with the
Tyrian Hercules, and the stags to the speed of the
sun across the sky.
AE27.5mm. 14.52g. Axis:0
v-drome
1~9.PNG
Bithynian Kingdom Prusias II10 viewsBithynian Kingdom Prusias II 185-149 B.C.

Obverse.head right,wearing winged diadem.

Reverse.naked Hercules standing left, holding club and lion's skin
Macedonian Warrior
Syracuse.jpg
Bronze coin of Syracuse15 viewsA Syracuse bronze coin minted between 288-279 BC. 22.1mm, 6.5g.

Obverse: DIOS ELLANIOU, laureate head of young Zeus Hellanios right; undertype (Hercules?) bust right, profile facing 12:00 visible at the top of Zeus' head

Reverse: SURAKOSIWN, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings open, star or monogram in left field

Attribution: Calciati II p. 315, 171
chuy1530
Bruttium.jpg
BRUTTIUM, Kroton. Circa 300-250 BC. AR Triobol 112 views Head of Athena r. wearing crested Corinthian helmet, KPOTΩ above

Herakles advancing right, wearing lion skin and draping it over club held in his hand; koppa to left, OIKIΣTAΣ to right.

300-250 BC
1.05g

Rutter, Historia Numorum 2199; SNG ANS 426; SNG München 1467.

Rare

Ex-ANE


2 commentsJay GT4
Poblicius.jpg
C POBLICIUS QF ROMAN REPUBLIC; AR Serratus Denarius20 viewsOBVERSE: ROMA, draped bust of Roma right, helmeted & decorated with corn ears, control mark letter above
REVERSE: C•POBLICI•Q•F, Hercules strangling the Nemean lion, club at his feet
Struck at Rome 80 BC
3.88g, 16mm
Cr380/1, Syd 768, Poblicia 9
1 commentsLegatus
clovsaxula~0.jpg
C. CLOVIUS SAXULA29 viewsAE quadrans. 169-168 BC. 6,69 grs. 4h. Head of Hercules right wearing lion's skin. Value (3 dots) behind / Prow of galley right. Three dots before. C SAX ( A X in monogram) above. ROMA below.
Craw 173/4.
1 commentsbenito
0120.jpg
C. Maianius, Quadrans16 viewsC. Maianius, AE Quadrans

RRC 203/5
153 bc

AV: Head of Hercules right, wearing lion's skin; behind, three pellets.
Rv: Prow right; above, C. MAIANI; before, three pellets; below, ROMA.

Ex Artemide Aste Asta Numismatica XLVI (3-4 Dicembre 2016 - live ore 15:00), Lot 98:
Norbert
Numitorius.jpg
C. Numitorius - AE quadrans6 viewsRome
²c. 136 BC
¹133 BC
head of Hercules right wearing lion skin, club below
●●●
prow of galley right
●●●
C·NVMITRI
ROMA
¹Crawford 246/4a
²Mark Passehl - Roman moneyer & coin type chronology, 150 – 50 BC
2,2g
ex Roma Numismatics
Johny SYSEL
1373_380-1_Poblicius.jpg
C. Poblicius Q.f. - AR serrate denarius19 views²Praeneste
¹Rome
¹²80 BC
draped bust of Roma right wearing Phrygian helmet with side feathers
ROMA
P
naked Hercules left strangling Nemean lion; bow with arrows in quiver left, club below
C·POBLICI·Q·F
P
¹Crawford 380/1, SRCV I 308, Sydenham 768, RSC I Poblicia 9
²Mark Passehl - Roman moneyer & coin type chronology, 150 – 50 BC
ex Künker
1 commentsJohny SYSEL
00antia.jpg
C.ANTIUS C.f. RESTIO27 viewsAR denarius. 47 BC. 3,69 grs. Jugate heads of the Dei Penates diademed,right. DEI PENATES behind. / Naked Hercules advancing right,brandishing club and holding trophy. C ANTIVS C F, before.
Craw 455/2. RSC Antia 2.
benito
00antiusrestio.jpg
C.ANTIUS C.f. RESTIO 37 viewsAR denarius. 47 BC. 3,69 grs. Jugate heads of the Dei Penates diademed,right. DEI PENATES behind. / Naked Hercules advancing right,brandishing club and holding trophy. C ANTIVS C F, before.
Craw 455/2. RSC Antia 2. CNR Antia 3. (R8).

benito
clovsaxula.jpg
C.CLOVIUS SAXULA.14 viewsAE quadrans. 169-168 BC. 6,69 grs. 4h. Head of Hercules right wearing lion's skin. Value (3 dots) behind / Prow of galley right. Three dots before. C SAX ( A X in monogram) above.
ROMA below.
Craw 173/4.
benito
Trajan_club.jpg
Caesaria, Cappadocia. AR Didrachm; Club of Herakles6 viewsTrajan, Caesaria, Cappadocia. AR Didrachm 20mm, 6.4g; AYTOKP KAIC NEP TPAIANO CEB ΓΕΠΜ ΔΑΚ, laureate head right / ΔΗΜΑΡΧ ΕΞ ΥΠΑΤΟ Y, club of Hercules. Sydenham 214.Podiceps
Poblicia_9~0.JPG
Caius Poblicus Q. f.38 viewsObv: Draped bust of Rome facing right, wearing a helmet with two feathers; ROMA behind, control letter E above.

Rev: Hercules l., strangling the Nemean lion, club at his feet, bow and quiver on left, control letter E above; C POBLICI Q F on right.

Silver Denarius Serratus, Rome mint, 80 BC

3.8 grams, 19 mm, 0°

RSC Poblicia 9, S308
SPQR Coins
rjb_greek1_08_07.jpg
Calabria - Tarentum34 viewsAR diobol
320-228 BC
O - Helmeted head of Athena right
R - Hercules fighting the Nemean lion

1 commentsmauseus
Nerva.jpg
Cappadocia, Caesarea. Nerva81 views(Didrachm / AD 97)
Obv: AVTOKPAT NEPOYAC KAICAP CEBACTOC
Laureate head of Nerva right.
Rev: VΠATOY TPITOY
Club of Hercules.
2 commentsancientone
caracalla.JPG
Caracalla17 viewsRef Caracalla Denarius, RIC 206a, RSC 220, BMC 48

Caracalla Denarius. 213 AD. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right / P M TR P XVI COS IIII P P, Hercules standing left, holding branch, club & lion's skin. RSC 220.
James b4
zb.jpg
CARACALLA135 viewsAR Tetradrachm. Presentation issue.Tyre (209-212 AD). Laureate,draped ,and cuirassed bust of Caracalla right seen from behind. AVT KAI ANTWNINOC CE. / Laureate head of Hercules right,lion skin around neck. ΔΗΜΑΡΧ ΕΞVΠAT B Prieur 1530. Bellinger 299. 6 commentsbenito
1030.JPG
CARACALLA83 viewsAR Tetradrachm. Presentation issue.Tyre (209-212 AD). Laureate,draped ,and cuirassed bust of Caracalla right seen from behind. AVT KAI ANTWNINOC CE. / Laureate head of Hercules right,lion skin around neck. ΔΗΜΑΡΧ ΕΞVΠAT B Prieur 1530. Bellinger 299.benito
Caracalla_Hercules.jpg
Caracalla107 viewsCaracalla, Rome mint, 3.153g, 19.4mm, 212 A.D.; O: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right; R: P M TR P XV COS III P P, Hercules standing half left, nude, branch in right, club and lion-skin in left. RIC IV 192, RSC III 1964 commentsNemonater
C2.JPG
Caracalla - Hercules176 viewsDenarius 213
O/ ANTONINUS PIUS - AUG BRIT Man's laureate head, bearded, right
R/ P M TR P XVI COS IIII P P Hercules, naked, standing half-left, holding branch and club with lion's skin
C 220 - RIC 206a
Mint: Rome (3rd emission)
septimus
Caracalla_12.jpg
CARACALLA AR Denarius8 viewsOBVERSE: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right
REVERSE: PM TR P XV COS III P P, Hercules standing front with branch, club and lion skin.
Struck at Rome, 212 AD
3.1g, 18mm
RIC 192, RSC 196
Legatus
caracalla7_.jpg
Caracalla Denarius22 viewsCaracalla Denarius. 213 AD.
Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, laureate head right
Rev: PM TR P XVII COS IIII P P, Hercules standing left, holding branch, club & lion skin.

RIC 239, RSC 244.
Tanit
ricIV206aORweb.jpg
Caracalla Denarius RIC IV 206(a)30 viewsRome mint, Caracalla Denarius, 213 A.D. AR 19mm 2.33g, RIC IV 206(a), RSC 220, BMC 48
O: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right
R: P M TR P XVI COS IIII P P, Hercules standing left, holding branch, club & lion's skin
2 commentscasata137ec
Caracalla_01.jpg
Caracalla Denarius, Rome59 viewsCaracalla
AR Denarius
212 AD
Rome
ANTONINVS PIVS-AVG BRIT
Laureate head right
P M TR P XV COS III P P
Hercules, nude, standing facing, head left, branch upward in right hand, club and lion skin in left
19mm x 21mm
3.15g
RIC IV, Part I, 192
WindchildPunico
Caracalla_limes_denarius,_c_213_AD.jpg
Caracalla limes denarius, c 213 AD33 viewsCaracalla
AE limes denarius – 18mm
Rome (?) – c.213 AD
laureate bust r.
ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT
Hercules standing l., holding branch, club, and lions skin
PM TR P XVI COS IIII PP
RIC IV 206a (official)
Ardatirion
Caracalla_RIC_192~0.JPG
Caracalla, 198 - 217 AD17 viewsObv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head of Caracalla facing right.

Rev: PM TRP XV COS III PP, Hercules standing left holding an olive branch in his right hand and a club with a lion's skin in his left.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 212 AD

3.4 grams, 18 mm, 0°

RIC IVi 192, RSC 196, VM 59/2
SPQR Coins
002257LG.jpg
Caracalla, 198–217 CE45 viewsAR denarius, Rome, 213 CE; 3.43g., 19.4mm., BMCRE 48–9, RIC 206a, RSC 220. Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT; head laureate right. Rx: PM TR P XVI COS IIII PP; Hercules, naked, standing half-left, holding branch and club with lion's skin.

Notes: Second issue of the sole reign of Caracalla. Perhaps the bearded figure on the reverse is intended to represent Caracalla as Hercules; its head bears a strong resemblance to Caracalla's "angry scowl" portrait as shown on the obverse.
2 commentsMichael K5
Caracalla_RIC192.jpg
Caracalla, 198–217 CE51 viewsAR denarius, Rome, 212 CE; 19mm, 3.38g. BMCRE 35–8, RIC 192, RSC 196. Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT; head laureate right. Rx: PM TR – P XV COS III PP; Hercules, naked, standing half-left, holding branch and club with lion’s skin.

Notes: First issue (c. March) of the sole reign of Caracalla.

Provenance: Ex Numis.be (24 November 2012), lot 65.
Michael K5
CaraNikoHerk.JPG
Caracalla, AE 1831 viewsAVT K M AV ANTONIN
Bust laureate, draped, cuirassed, right
NIKOPOLITON PROC IC
Head of Herakles, right
Varbanov (Eng.) I, 3001
whitetd49
chercORweb.jpg
Caracalla, AMNG 152532 viewsMoesia Inferior, Nikopolis mint, Caracalla, 198-217 AD. AE 28mm 14.33g, AMNG 1525
O: AV K M AVP ANTWNINOC laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
R: NIKOPOLITWN PPOC ICTPON Hercules standing right, holding club and lion skin
casata137ec
canateusORweb.jpg
Caracalla, Bellinger A281, Voegtli 17a36 viewsTROAS, Alexandria Troas. Caracalla. 198-217 A.D. AE 26mm 10.22g, Bellinger A281, Voegtli 17a
O: M AVREL ANTONIN (or similar), Laureate head right
R: COL AVG TROAD (or similar) Hercules wrestling the giant Antaeus
1 commentscasata137ec
CARASE02.jpg
Caracalla, sestertius of AD 210, two emperors crowned by Victories36 viewsObv.: M AVREL ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate bust of Caracalla facing right.
Rev.: CONCORDIAE AVGG (around) S C (in ex.), Caracalla and Geta clasping hands above tripod altar, both holding spears, each crowned by Victory.
RIC -; Cohen -
ex Henzen (1995, "found during dredging in Lagliari harbour, Sardinia" ).
The reverse has been badly double struck but the representation can clearly be seen.

This type is not listed in RIC nor Cohen. Cohen reports a medallion of Caracalla with the same reverse representation. The same reverse is listed in RIC, Cohen and BMC but only for Geta and Septimius Severus. Another related type is listed in RIC 459 (R2) and Cohen 28: Caracalla and Geta clasping hands and holding spears, being crowned by Apollo and Hercules, minted A.D. 210.

A sestertius of Caracalla with the same reverse was in the Santamaria sale of 1938 but was overlooked for inclusion in RIC. It was purchased by Curtis Clay in 1967 and is in the British Museum since 1993. Thus this coin is the second specimen known of this type for Caracalla.
Curtis Clay noted that the obv. and rev. dies of this specimen are both different from the Santamaria-BM specimen. The rev. die was entirely new to him and unknown in combination with a Geta obv. either; the obv. die of this coin is known with TR P XIII (thus dating this coin to AD 210): three emps. sacrificing rev. dies, one being BMC pl. 62.1. (That BM coin has been tooled, and the tribunician number altered to XIIII.).
1 commentsCharles S
647085DA-0304-42FA-80B2-1010D23E2F1F.jpeg
Caria, Heraclaea Salbace, Domitian 18 viewsCARIA, Heraclaea Salbace. Domitian. AD 81-96. Æ (20mm, 5.08 g, 6h). Laureate head right / Hercules walking left, extending hand and holding club. RPC II 1238. VF, earthen green patina.1 commentsecoli
1461_Carissa.jpg
Carisa - AE semis8 views1st century BC
head of young Hercules left wearing lion's skin
horseman galloping left holding spear and large shield
CARISSA
AB-446; Vill-6
ex Martí Hervera / Soler y Llach
Johny SYSEL
28175_Celts,_Danube_Region,_Imitative_of_Thasos,_1st_Century_B_C_.jpg
Celts, Danube Region, Imitative of Thasos, 1st Century B.C. Silver tetradrachm16 viewsCelts, Danube Region, Imitative of Thasos, 1st Century B.C. Silver tetradrachm, SGCV I 215, ICG F15, obverse head of Dionysos right, wreathed in ivy and grapes; reverse “ΗΡΑΚΛΕΟΥΣ ΣΟΤΗΡΟΣ ΘΑΣΙΩΝ”, Hercules, nude, standing half left, resting right on grounded club, lion's skin on left arm, HM monogram inner left; Imitates an issue of Thasos, Thrace under Roman rule, 146 - 45 B.C. This example is close to the original. Some of the Celtic imitations are so abstract that they hardly resemble the original type from Thasos. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
52_Charles_III.jpg
Charles III (1759 - 1788)15 views8 Reales, 1783, Mexico City, 39mm, 19.30g, 0°, From the wreck of El Cazador (1784).
Obv: CAROLUS III DEI GRATIA 1783. Laureate, draped bust right.
Rev: HISPAN ET IND REX M 8 R F M. Crowned Spanish arms between the Pillars of Hercules adorned with PLVS VLTRA motto.
Marti Vltori
2390320.jpg
CILICIA, Seleucia ad Calycadnum. Septimius Severus70 viewsCILICIA, Seleucia ad Calycadnum. Septimius Severus. AD 193-211. Æ (28mm, 11.64 g, 12h). Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Athena standing left, holding shield and spear, about to attack serpent-legged Giant to right. SNG France -; SNG Levante 736 var. (view of bust); SNG Levante Suppl. -; SNG Copenhagen -. Near VF, dark green and brown patina, two scratches before bust.

Ex - CNG Esale 239 lot 320

230/100

After Zeus had defeated the Titans in the Titantomachy and apportioned their former relatives to his fellow Olympians, he was compelled to resolve a conflict with the Giants, offspring of Gaia and Cronus. Known as the Gigantomachy, these chthonic half-man, half-serpent creatures attempted to wrestle power from the Olympians by casting them out of Olympus. To accomplish this, the Giants attempted to reach Olympus by heaping up one mountain range on top of the other. From above, Zeus and the other Olympians defended themselves by hurling their weapons. In the end, however, it was the assistance of Hercules, that won the day.
5 commentsecoli
Gordian_tarsos_herakles.jpg
Cilicia, Tarsos;Hercules standing r. AE 348 viewsGordian III; Cilicia, Tarsus, 238-244 A.D. AE 34, 22.22g. Rev: Hercules standing r., head l., holding branch (?) in r. hand and bow with arrow in l. hand, lionskin over l. shoulder and falling from l. arm. Cf. SNG Levante 1127 (same Obv. die, different Hercules rev. type). Rare: this exact Hercules type not in Paris, Levante, BMC, Righetti, Winsemann Falghera, or Lindgren. Ex H.J.BerkPodiceps
SNG_France_1669_238-244_Gordianus_III.jpg
Cilicia_Tarsos_Gordianus_III_SNG France 16699 viewsGordianus III.
AE, Cilicia, Tarsos
Struck: 238-244 / 33-34 mm / 25,15 g

Av: AYT KAI M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC CEB
Radiate, cuirassed and draped bust right seen from behind

In fields: Π / Π

Rv: TAPCOY MHTPOΠΟΛΕΩ
Hercules standing facing, head left, lion's skin over forearm, holding club set on ground and Apples of the Hesperides, dead serpent on branch to left

In left field: M / K
In right field: A / Γ / B

Reference: SNG France 1669
Andicz
00234.jpg
Claudius II (RIC 213, Coin #234)21 viewsRIC 213 (C), AE Antoninianus, Antioch, 268-270 AD.
Obv: IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG Radiate head left.
Rev: IVVENTVS AVG Hercules standing facing, head left, holding club and lion skin.
Size: 21.2mm 2.98gm
MaynardGee
Claud_FAC.jpg
Claudius II Gothicus10 viewsAE-Antoninianus
VIRTVS CLAVDI AVG; Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust left, holding Horse on reins and globe.
VIRTVTI AVGVSTI; Hercules standing right, leaning on club and holding lion skin; M / C in fields.
Ex: -
Cyzicus
RIC temp #903
Julianus of Pannonia
commodus.jpg
Club of Hercules11 viewsCommodus, March or April 177 - 31 Dec 192 A.D. obv: L AEL AVREL COMM AVG P FEL, head right wearing lionskin headdress; rev: HERCVL ROMAN AVGV either side of club of Hercules. Sear RCV II 56441 commentskaitsuburi
CJSII-0008-coreh.jpg
Coded Maximian KOY Siscia138 viewsobv: IMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG (2)
Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right (C)
rev: CONSERVATOR AVGG with B in right field and XXIKOY in ex.
Maximianus standing left pouring a sacrifice from patina in right hand while holding a sceptre in left & Hercules pouring a sacrifice from a patina in right hand while leaning on a club in left.
cscoppa
AR8Reales1921.jpg
Colonial Mexico, Ferdinand VII, King of Spain, 1808 - 1833 A.D., 1821 D CG 8R54 viewsSilver 8 reales, KM 111.2, aVF, areas of pitting, Durango mint, weight 26.755g, maximum diameter 38.6mm, die axis 0o, 1821 A.D.; obverse •FERDIN • VII • DEI • GRATIA •, laureate and draped bust of Ferdinand right, date 1821 below; reverse • HISPAN • ET IND • REX • D • 8R • C • G •, crowned Spanish coat of arms, flanked by pillars of Hercules draped with banner reading "PLVS VLTRA;" ex FORVM.

The Spanish dollar (also known as the piece of eight, the real de a ocho or the eight-real coin) is a silver coin, of approximately 50mm Ø, worth eight reales, that was minted in the Spanish Empire after a Spanish currency reform in 1497. Its purpose was to correspond to the German thaler. It was the coin upon which the US dollar was based, and it remained legal tender in the United States until the Coinage Act of 1857 discontinued the practice. Because it was widely used in Europe, the Americas, and the Far East, it became the first world currency by the late 18th century. Many existing currencies, such as the Canadian dollar, United States dollar, and the Chinese yuan, as well as currencies in Latin America and the Philippine peso, were initially based on the Spanish dollar and other 8-reales coins.
Silver 8 real coin of Ferdinand VII of Spain, 1821

Cleisthenes
commodus1.jpg
Commodus 88 viewsObverse: L AEL AVREL COMM AVG P FEL Commodus Laureate head right
Reverse: PROVIDENTIAE AVG Commodus, as Hercules, standing right with foot on prow, resting club on tree trunk and holding thunderbolt, clasping hands with Africa who wears elephant-skin headdress and stands right holding sistrum; to her feet, a lion
Mint : Rome
Date : AD 191-192
Reference : RIC III 259a; MIR 18, 861-4/30; RSC 643
Grade : Good VF
Weight : 3.48 g
Denom : Denarius
Metal : Silver
Comments : The elements comprising this reverse type portray a personified Africa and the emperor Commodus as Hercules and represent the African fleet of corn transports as Africa was the granary of Rome. 16mm
Bolayi
Commodus2.jpg
Commodus258 viewsAgain Commodus portrayed as HerculesTitus Pullo
CommodusHercules.jpg
Commodus114 viewsAD 177-192. AR Denarius (17mm, 1.94 g, 1h). Rome mint. Struck AD 192. Head right, wearing lion skin / HER-CVL/ RO-MAN/ AV-GV divided by club; all within wreath. RIC III 251; RSC 190

Numerous events suggest Commodus was becoming mentally ill. Apparently he thought of himself as the reincarnation of Hercules. It is said that in public spectacles he would dress in the manner of Hercules and bludgeon prisoners to death with a club.

I feel this serene portrait is unusually lifelike for the type.
5 commentsNemonater
8DECE257-14C0-4D5E-80C3-369BBE99A369.jpeg
Commodus 11 viewsCommodus. A.D. 177-192. AR denarius (17.58 mm, 2.26 g, 5 h). sole reign: A.D. 180-192. Rome mint, struck A.D. 192. L AEL AVREL COMM AVG P FEL, head of Commodus as Hercules right, wearing lion-skin headdress / HER - CVL / RO - MAN / AV - GV, legend in three lines divided vertically by club of Hercules, handle upwards; all within laurel-wreath. RIC III 251 ; RSC 190. near VF, flan crack at 1:00, lightly toned.
1 commentsecoli
Commodus_RIC644.jpg
Commodus - As - RIC 64419 viewsObv: L AEL AVREL COMM AVG P FEL, Head right wearing lion skin of Hercules
Rev: HER-CVL / RO-MAN / AV-GV / S - C in four lines to left and right of upright club of Hercules, all within laurel wreath.
Size: 23 mm
Weight: 11,06 g
Date: 192 AD
Ref: RIC III 644, Cohen 193
Rarity: S
1 commentsvs1969
Commodus_RIC643.jpg
Commodus - Dupondius - RIC 6439 viewsObv: L AEL AVREL COMM AVG P FEL, radiate head right.
Rev: HERCVLI ROMANO AVG / SC, Commodus, as Hercules, standing left, laying right hand on trophy and holding club and lion-skin in left
Size: 24 mm
Weight: 13,6 g
Date: 192 AD
Ref: RIC III 643
Rarity: R
vs1969
Commodus.jpg
Commodus - Hercluea and Africa52 viewsObverse: L AEL AVREL COMM AVG P FEL - Laureate head Commodus right
Reverse: PROVIDENTIAE AVG - Hercules standing left, foot on prow, resting club on a tree trunk behind and holding thunderbolt while clasping hands with Africa, who stands right, wearing elephant skin and holding sistrum; lion at her feet
Mint : Rome
Date : AD 191-192
Reference : RIC III, p. 396, 259a Rare; Cohen 643
Grade : aVF
Weight : 3.04g
Denom : Denarius
Metal : Silver
Acquired: 03/04/04

Comments : Issued c.192 A.D., to mark the establishment of a fleet of ships to bring North African grain to Rome which he renamed the Commodiana Herculea, and Commodus' foresight (PROVIDENTIAE AVG) in doing so. The ship's prow makes reference to the role of Rome's overseas provinces, in feeding the capital.
Bolayi
Commode Hercule.jpg
Commodus - Medallic sestertius51 viewsWorn obverse legend, that should read : L. AELIVS AVRELIVS COMMODVS AVG. PIVS FELIX , head of Hercules/Commodus left, wearing lion's skin
HER CVLI / ROM ANO / AVG VST. in three lines divided by club, all in wreath. No SC.
33-34 mm

This bronze coin has the size of a large sestertius, but has not the letters SC, and the obverse is from the die engraver who worked for medallions, while the reverse die was carved with much less care. It is a reduced version of a medallion (42 mm) discovered in Crete - the only parallel I could find :
http://www.maat.com.au/commodusmedallion.html

Probably unpublished
Ginolerhino
Commodus_6.jpg
COMMODUS AR Denarius27 viewsOBVERSE: L AEL AVREL COMM AVG P FEL, laureate head right
REVERSE: HERCVLI ROMANO AVG, Hercules standing front, head left, crowning trophy, holding lion skin & club
Struck at Rome, 192 AD
3.22g, 18mm
RIC 254a, Cohen 202, BMC 346A
1 commentsLegatus
commo17.jpg
Commodus AS119 viewsCommodus --AE AS. (23 mm, 12.25 g). Rome, A.D. 192. [L AEL] AVREL CO - MM AVG P FEL, head of Commodus, as Hercules, right, wearing lion's skin headdress / HER-CVL/RO-MAN/AV-GV/S [C] in four lines, club within wreath. RIC 644; BMC 722; MIR 853-9/72; Foss 84; Cohen 193 2 commentsfeatherz
commodus.jpg
Commodus as Hercules694 viewsThis magnificent statue depicts the Emperor Commodus as Hercules. Currently on display at the Musei Capitolini in Rome. Commodus also minted coins with him as Hercules.Titus Pullo
IMG_1207.JPG
Commodus as Hercules167 viewsCapitoline museumsJohny SYSEL
commodus_251.jpg
Commodus RIC III, 25168 viewsCommodus, AD 177-192
AR - denarius, 16.34mm, 2.49g
Rome, AD 192
obv. L AEL AVREL COMM AVG P FEL
Bearded head of Commodus, wearing lion-skin headdress
rev. HER - CVL / ROM - AN / AV - GV on both sides of
Hercules' club in oak-wreath
RIC III, 251; C.190; BMC 339
scarce, VF/VF, toned, on a small flan as usual, but nice portrait

This is one of the types showing Commodus as Hercules, sign of his madness.
1 commentsJochen
Commodus_1.jpg
Commodus Sestertius24 viewsCommodus augustus, 177 – 192

Sestertius 191-192, Æ Sestertius
Obv: L AEL AVREL CO – MM AVG P FEL Laureate and draped bust r.
Rev: HERCVLI ROMANO AVG S – C Hercules, naked, standing to front, head l., holding club and lion’s skin in l. hand and placing r. on trophy.

C 203 (misdescribed). BMC 714. RIC 640.

Rare
Tanit
Commodus_RIC_259a.JPG
Commodus, 177 - 193 AD28 viewsObv: L AEL AVREL (COMM) AVG P FEL, laureate head of Commodus facing right.

Rev: PROVIDENTIAE AVG, Commodus dressed as Hercules, standing front, head left, naked, foot on prow, resting a club on a tree-trunk, clasping hands over corn-ears with Africa, who stands before him facing right, she wears an elephant's skin headdress and holds a sistrum, lion at her feet.

Note: Refers to the foresight of the emperor in reorganizing the North African grain fleet that was renamed Commodiana Herculea.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 192 AD

2.6 grams, 18 mm, 180°

RIC III 259a, RSC 643, S5687, VM 90
1 commentsSPQR Coins
Commodus_RIC_254a.JPG
Commodus, 177 - 193 AD37 viewsObv: L AEL AVREL COMM AVG P FEL, laureate head of Commodus facing right.

Rev: HERCVLI ROMANO AVG, Hercules standing left, holding a club and lion-skin in his left hand and resting his right hand on a trophy.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 192 AD

2.3 grams, 16.5 mm, 225°

RIC III 254a, RSC 202, S5646, VM 23
1 commentsSPQR Coins
Commodus_(2).jpg
Commodus, denarius14 viewsCommodus, denarius.
Rome mint, 191-192 A.D.
2,53 g. 17 mm.
Obv. L AEL AVREL COMM AVG P FEL, head right wearing lionskin headdress.
Rev. HER-CVL RO-MAN AV-GV either side of club of Hercules, all in wreath.
RIC 251.
1 commentsMarsman
commodus.jpg
Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 Dec 192 A.D.37 viewsL Aelius Aurelius Commodus was the son of emperor Marcus Aurelius and empress Faustina II. Caesar in 177 A.D., Commodus succeeded his father as Augustus in 180. His rule of twelve years quickly degenerated into debauchery, paranoia and insanity. He actually believed he was Hercules reincarnated and participated in gladiatorial contests. The empire was directed by his unscrupulous favorites while the emperor amused himself in whatever decadent way he saw fit. His assassination in 192 A.D. was viewed as a blessing by most Romans of the day.

Silver denarius, RIC 160, BMC 227, RSC 966, Fair, 1.720g, 16.6mm, 180o, 187 A.D.; obverse M COMM ANT - P FEL AVG BRIT, laureate head right; reverse VIRTVT AVG PMTR P XII IMP VIII COS V P P, Virtus standing left, Victory in right, resting left hand on shield, spear leaning on left arm;
Dumanyu2
commse18b.jpg
Commodus, RIC 560, Sestertius of AD 190 (Ploughing)42 viewsÆ Sestertius (16,57g, Ø 30mm, 7h). Rome mint. Struck AD 190.
Ob.: M COMMOD ANT P FE-LIX AVG BRIT P P, laureate head right
Rev.: COL LAN COM PM TR P XV IMP VIII (around) COS VI (in ex.) S C, Commodus, veiled, as priest, ploughing right with two oxen.

RIC 560; BMC 643; Cohen 39(60fr.); Sear (RCV) 5737

This is a very rare type, found occasionally as Æ-As, but extremely rare as a sestertius. It probably refers to the refounding of Lanuvium, the birthplace of Commodus and the place where he displayed his skills as Hercules by killing lions in the arena.

There has been speculation about the meaning of the first part of the reverse legend COLLANCOM. The traditional expansion of this legend is based on Eckhel (1796), reading the legend as COLonia Lucia ANtoniana COMmodiana, in order to try to relate it to the refounding of Rome. This was followed by Cohen and many other references. The British Museum and RIC expand it slightly differently: "The depiction of the ritual ploughing of the furrow marking out a new foundation refers to Commodus' refounding of Rome as COLonia Lucia ANnia COMmodiana."

Curtis Clay in Forum's discussion board, points to a powerful objection of this interpretation: "Since Commodus still calls himself Marcus on the obverse and was not to switch his praenomen back to Lucius until 191, a year later, why, on the reverse, does he name Rome Lucia and not Marcia?

Chantraine in 1971, following a suggestion of Renier in 1872, proposed what seems to be the solution to the problem: the legend is to be expanded COLonia LANuvina COMmodiana and commemorates Commodus' elevation of his birthplace Lanuvium, which had been a municipium, to the rank of colony.

Commodus did refound Rome too, and this deed is commemorated on very rare mediallions, sestertii, and dupondii struck late in 192, just before his assassination on 31 december. These coins have the same rev. type of emperor plowing, but the legend HERCuli ROMano CONDITORI P M TR P XVIII COS VII P P, 'To the Roman Hercules, the Founder'."

ex cgb.fr (2014).
1 commentsCharles S
CommSe21b.jpg
Commodus, RIC 640, Sestertius of AD 192 (Roman Hercules)16 viewsÆ Sestertius (27.69g, Ø31.5mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 192.
Obv.: L·AEL·AVREL·CO-MM·AVG P FEL, laureate head right.
Rev.: HERCVLI ROMANO AVG (around) S C (in ex.), Commodus as Hercules, naked, standing left, placing hand on trophy and holding club and lion skin in left hand.

RIC 640; Cohen 203 (15 Fr.); BMC 714; Sear 5752

ex cgb.fr (2014)

One of the issues confirming the megalomania of Commodus, especially during the last years of his reign, identifying himself as the 'Roman Hercules'
Charles S
commse19.JPG
Commodus, RIC 641, Sestertius of AD 192 (Providentiae)37 viewsÆ Sestertius (26.15g, Ø30mm, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 192.
Obv.: L·AEL·AVREL·CO-MM·AVG·P·FEL, laureate head right.
Rev.: P M TR P X IMP VII COS IIII (around) S C (in ex.), Commodus as Hercules, naked, standing left, foot on prow, holding club left resting on tree trunk or rock(s), receiving corn-ears from Africa, standing right, togate, wearing elephant-skin head-dress, holding sistrum (brass rattle, an Egyptian musical instrument) in left, lion at her feet.

RIC 641 (R); Cohen 644 (15fr.); BMC 718; Sear 5796

During the last year of his reign, the megalomania of Commodus reached insane levels. He renamed many things of importance after himself including the twelve months year, even the city Rome, the citizens of Rome, the Senate and so on. This issue marks the renaming of the African grain fleet to "Commodiana Herculea"

ex cgb.fr (2014); ex Alessandra Brunetti (London, 2010); ex coll. Prof. M. Caselli.
2 commentsCharles S
CommoRic254a.JPG
Commodus, Rome 192 AD32 viewsL AEL AVREL COMM AVG P FEL
Laureate bust right
HERCVLI ROMANO AVG
Commodus as Hercules crowning trophy, left, with lion skin and club
RIC 254a, BMC 346A, C 202
whitetd49
0160-310np_noir.jpg
Commodus, Sestertius - *139 viewsMinted in Rome, AD 192
L AEL AVREL CO---MM AVG P FEL, Laureate head of Commodus right
HERCVLI ROMANO AVG, Hercules facing, head left, holding club and lion's skin, resting on trophy. SC in field
21,01 gr
Ref : RCV #5752, Cohen #203, BMC # 314. RIC # 640.

This is the very first roman coin I have ever possessed, gift from my grand father who found it digging a trench at Verdun battle during WWI

The following comment is taken from the description of a similar example (in far much better condition) in NAC auction 54, # 477 :
Few Roman coins excite as much commentary as those of Commodus, which show him possessed of Hercules. Not only do they present an extraordinary image, but they offer incontrovertible support to the literary record. The reports of Commodus’ megalomania and infatuation with Hercules are so alarming and fanciful that if the numismatic record was not there to confirm, modern historians would almost certainly regard the literary record as an absurd version of affairs, much in the way reports of Tiberius’ depraved behaviour on Capri are considered to be callous exaggerations. Faced with such rich and diverse evidence, there can be no question that late in his life Commodus believed that Hercules was his divine patron. Indeed, he worshipped the demigod so intensely that he renamed the month of September after him, and he eventually came to believe himself to be an incarnation of the mythological hero. By tradition, Hercules had fashioned his knotted club from a wild olive tree that he tore from the soil of Mount Helicon and subsequently used to kill the lion of Cithaeron when he was only 18 years old. Probably the most familiar account of his bow and arrows was his shooting of the Stymphalian birds while fulfilling his sixth labour. The reverse inscription HERCVLI ROMANO AVG (‘to the August Roman Hercules’) makes the coin all the more interesting, especially when put into context with those of contemporary coins inscribed HERCVLI COMMODO AVG, which amounts to a dedication ‘to Hercules Commodus Augustus’.
1 commentsPotator II
Commodus- Herkules.jpg
Commodus- Hercules62 viewsCommodus, March or April 177 - 31 Dec 192 A.D.

Obverse:
Laureate head right

M COMMODVS ANTON AVG PIVS

M: Marcus
COMMODVS: Commodus
ANTON: Antoninus, Antoninus
AVG: Augustus,
PIVS: Pius,

Reverse:
TR P VIIII IMP VI COS IIII P P, S C

TRP: Tribunicia Potestas,
VIIII: 9
IMP: Imperator,
VI: 6
COS: Consul,
IIII: 4
PP: Pater Patria,

S—C: Senatus Consulto,

Showing: Hercules standing left, head at right and with clob and bow.

Domination: AS, Copper, size 25 mm
Mint: Rome

TRP = This is short for tribunicia potestate - "with the power of the Tribune of the Plebs." The government of Rome was split into the Patricians (who were Senators) and the Plebians. Nine Tribunes of the Plebs were elected by both Plebs and Patricians every year to be in charge of the Plebian assembly. These Tribunes could not be injured because it could be punishable by death. They had veto powers, and they could prevent a law from being passed or an election. An emperor cannot technically rule on the Plebian assembly since he is a Patrician, but by taking the title he could be free from injury. On a coin, if this symbol is followed by a number, it depicts how many times he has been elected Tribune of the Plebs.



John Schou
1000-15-160.jpg
Commodus.21 viewsCommodus. A.D. 177-192. AR denarius (17.5 mm, 2.63 g, 1 h). Rome mint, A.D. 192. Rare. L AEL AVREL COMM AVG P FEL, head right wearing lion's skin headdress / PROVIDENTIAE AVG, Commodus, as Hercules, standing left, foot on prow, holding club, clasping hands with Africa who is wearing elephant skin headdress and holding sistrum, a lion at her feet. RIC 259a; RSC 643; BMCRE 356. aVF, ecoli
00324q00.jpg
Constantius Chlorus7 viewsAE-Antoninianus
FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB C; Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust to right.
VIRTVS AVGG; Hercules in the garden on the Hesperides, holding club and apple, standing r. under apple tree around which a serpent is entwined.
Ex: XXIT
Ticinum
RIC 670
Julianus of Pannonia
6002_6003.jpg
Constantius I Chlorus, Antoninianus, IOVI ET HERCVLI CONS CAES1 viewsAE Antoninianus
Constantius I Chlorus
Caesar: 293 - 305AD
Augustus: 305 - 306AD
Issued: 293AD
24.0mm 3.58gr
O: FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES; Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust, right.
R: IOVI ET HERCVLI CONS CAES; Jupiter standing right, holding globe and scepter, facing Hercules, standing left, holding Victory on globe, club and lion's skin.
Exergue: S, above line; XXI, below line.
Antioch Mint
Aorta: B44, O30, R49, T73, M2.
Cohen 164; RIC V-2, 673.
Agora Auctions for Holding History Lot 04-243
2/25/16 1/26/17
Nicholas Z
constantinvs herculi com.JPG
Constantius I RIC V-2 Antioch 674104 viewsAE 20 - 22 mm 3.2 grams
OBV :: FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
REV :: IOVI ET HERCVLI CONS CAES. Jupiter standing right with long sceptre & globe, facing Hercules standing left, holding Victory, club & lion's skin. S in center
EX :: XXI ( Antioch )
RIC V-2 Antioch 674
RIC rated common
from uncleaned lot 03/2008
Johnny
constantiusI_673var.jpg
Constantius I RIC VI, 673 var.99 viewsConstantinus I Chlorus, Caesar 293 - 305, father of Constantin I
AR - Antoninianus, 4.45g, 22.4mm
Antiochia AD 293
obv. FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES
draped, cuirassed bust, seen from behind, radiate head r.
rev. IOVI ET HERCVLI CONS CAES
Jupiter standing r., holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules standing l.,
holding victory, club and lion's skin.
field: dot above S
exergue: XXI
RIC V/2, 673 var., unlisted in RIC
R5(?); about EF
added to www.wildwinds.com
From Forum Ancient Coins, thanks!

1. These Antoniniani are very scarce in anticipation of the currency reform AD 294. Coins in circulation were withdrawn and melted down (Forum)
2. This type is known for Diocletian (A - Z) and Galerius (Gamma) and was expected for Constantius too (S), but not yet known (Curtis Clay)
Jochen
2012-07-15.jpg
Contorniate, small.33 viewsThis small contorniate is 5.69 grams, 17 mm diameter, and 4.6 mm thick. The face on the obverse appears to be wearing a lion-skin and may thus be an Alexander-Hercules. On object is visible on the reverse, in the lower right. It appears may be a bow case. The hammering of the edge was very well done.

1 commentsotlichnik
cornelia58 den-.jpg
CORNELIA 58 Pub. Lentulus P.f. L.n. Spinther AR denarius 71 BC150 viewsobv:Head of Hercules right, behind Q.S.C.
rev:Genius of the Roman People seated facing with cornucopiae & scepter; Nike flying above & crowning Genius
ref:Cr397/1, Syd 791
3.81g
Very rare
Publius Cornelius Lentulus, nicknamed Spinther because of his likeness to a popular actor of that name, came from an ancient Roman patrician family of the Cornelia gens. Although treated with great favour by Julius Caesar, Spinther eventually came to support the aristocratic senatorial cause of Caesar's great rival Pompey and to align himself with the Pompeian party. This proved an unwise move that would eventually lead to his political destruction and perhaps to his death.
6 commentsberserker
agrippa-cm.jpg
Countermark: Bust of Hercules14 viewsAgrippa AE As. Countermark: Bust of HercluesHolding_History
amphora_quadrans_hercules_6-8-17.jpg
Cr 56/5 AE Quadrans Anonymous 13 viewsc. 211 BCE (20.4 mm, 6.04 grams)
o: Helmeted head of Hercules right, 3 dots behind
r: ROMA - Prow to right, 3 dots behind
Crawford 56/5.
Overstruck, possibly Hieron II of Sicily with Zeus/Trident
Ex. RBW
1 commentsPMah
472ArteCombo.png
Cr 56/5 Æ Quadrans Anonymous 9 viewsAnonymous Sextantal series. After 211 BCE.
o: Head of Hercules right; behind, three pellets
r: Prow right; above, ROMA; below, three pellets.
Cr. 56/5. (g. 5.83 mm. 20.00)
Nice earthen olive-green patina
PMah
AE_Quadrans_punic~0.jpg
Cr 56/5 - AE Quadrans, Sardinia12 viewsROMAN REPUBLIC
AE Quadrans (3.5g), Sardinia
After 211 B.C., probably a second Punic war overstrike over a Punic bronze

Head of Hercules with three dots behind / Prow of galley with eye.

Crawford RRC 56/5 (lightweight Punic overstrike).

Thanks to FORVM member Andrew McCabe for his help attributing this coin.
RR0006
Sosius
688CN413.jpg
Cr 69/5 Æ Quadrans Anonymous [Corn/KA]13 viewsSicily 211-208 BCE

o: Head of Hercules right, wearing lion's skin; ••• (mark of value) to left
r: Bull leaping right; ••• (mark of value) and grain ear above, serpent below.
20mm, 6.34 gm

Type and overstrike as RBW 292; for overstrike, see Crawford Table XVIII, 64. Overstruck on a Syracusan bronze (Poseidon/Trident). A bit of smoothing has been noted.

From the Andrew McCabe Collection. His note: " Essentially all known examples of this type are overstrikes, mostly on an Poseidon/Ornamental trident. This coin is an unusually clear strike, complete as to overstrike and with little visible under, but a number of lines can be seen on the bull's flank that may be from an underlying trident."

As with the other 3 coins posted in this group, the coin is much better in hand.
PMah
658aa159comb.jpg
Cr 113/5 Æ Quadrans Anonymous [star - first series]7 viewsc. 206-195 BCE Rome mint
o: Head of Hercules right, wearing lion's skin; behind, three pellets
r: ROMA. Prow right; before, eight-rayed star; below, three pellets.
3.50 gm; 16.00 mm
The bronze of this series, which exists from denarius to sextans, is fairly rare. The denarii are somewhat more common.
This coin has a somewhat lopsided flan, with most of the elements in very nice condition and a beautiful chocolate brown patina.
PMah
AsForumPhilius.jpg
Cr 144/4 AE Quadrans 10 viewso: head of Hercules right, clad in Nemean Lion's scalp, three pellets (mark of value) behind
r: prow of galley right, Victory flying right crowning LFP monogram with wreath above, three pellets (mark of value) before, ROMA below

Roman Republic, LFP monogram (L. Furius Philus?), 189 - 179 B.CBronze quadrans, Crawford 144/4, Sydenham 300c, SRCV I 1088, F, nice olive green patina, pitting on obverse, Rome mint, weight 7.513g, maximum diameter 22.3mm, die axis 180o, 189 - 179 B.C.; obverse head of Hercules right, clad in Nemean Lion's scalp, three pellets (mark of value) behind; reverse prow of galley right, Victory flying right crowning LFP monogram with wreath above, three pellets (mark of value) before, ROMA below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; very rare;
Purchased from Forum Ancient Coins
PMah
Q_Marius_Quadrans.jpg
Cr 148/4 - Q Marius Quadrans14 viewsROMAN REPUBLIC
Q. MARIUS
Æ Quadrans, ~189-180 BC, 7.64g

Head of Hercules r., wearing lion’s skin; above, three pellets. / Q·MARI Prow r.; before, three pellets and below, ROMA.

Maria 4. Sydenham 367c. Crawford 148/4.
Very rare. VG/aFine.

Thanks to Andrew McCabe for his help IDing this coin.
RR0024
Sosius
916rma580.jpg
Cr 162/6a Ӕ Quadrans MAT[ienus]1 views179-170 b.c.e. Rome mint
Head of Hercules right, three pellets behind
Prow right; MAT ligate above, three pellets before, ROMA below
7.20 gm 21mm

The MAT issue runs Victoriatus, Denarius, and bronze As through Sextans. The smaller bronze fractions are not seen every day. This specimen also nicely shows the clipping/snapping point on the rim where the flans were broken from a sprue or strip of multiple pieces.
PMah
556ForumQuadCombo.jpg
Cr 196/4 AE Quadrans Anonymous [Star]10 viewsRome, 169 - 157 BCE
o: Hercules head right, Nemean Lion scalp headdress, three pellets behind
r: prow of galley right, ROMA above, three pellets below, star before
Crawford 196/4
3.1g, 17 mm
Purchased from Forum Ancient Coins
The smaller denominations of "Anonymous" bronze have varying degrees of scarcity; the "Star" quadrans is on the slightly scarcer side.
PMah
Roma472June.jpg
Cr 232/4 AE Quadrans Cn. Gellius 20 viewsRome, 138 BCE
o: Head of Hercules right; three pellets behind
r: Prow right, CN. GELI above, S before, [ROMA] below
Crawford 232/4
(4.68g, 20mm, 8h)
PMah
green7quadrans.png
Cr 241/4 AE Quadrans Trebianus 9 views135 BCE Quadrans of L. TREBANIUS (16 mm, 3.50 grams)
O: Hercules head, 3 pellets behind.
R: ROMA 4 pellets L REBNI, prow r. with mast with pennant, wreath
Reference: Crawford 241/4
ex RBW Collection
PMah
amphora_quadrans_6-8-17.jpg
Cr 244/3 AE Quadrans C. Aburius Geminus 11 views134 BCE 18.7 mm, 4.24 grams.
o: Hercules head r, 3 pellets behind
r: ROMA, M.ABVRI M.F. GEM above and below prow r., 3 dots
Crawford 244/3
Ex. RBW

PMah
689CN444.jpg
Cr 244/3 Æ Quadrans C. Aburius Geminus12 viewsRome, 134 BCE
o: Head of Hercules right, wearing lion’s skin headdress; ••• (mark of value) behind, [club below]
r: Prow of galley right; C • (ABVR)I/GEM above, ••• (mark of value) to right
Sydenham 491a; Type as RBW 1008
18.5mm 4.29 gm

This coin, as with the other 3 posted at same time, is vastly better in hand. This coin also has a Republic-nerd pedigree to die for: From the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex RBW Collection Duplicate; purchased by RBW from Roberto Russo.
PMah
885Rma701.jpg
Cr 246/4a Æ Quadrans C. Numitorius2 views134 BCE Rome mint
Head of Hercules right, wearing lion skin; three pellets behind
Prow right; C•NVMITOR above, three pellets before
3.57 gm, 19 mm
This issue included Denarii through Sextans, but no As.
Not a common type. Hercules is rather crudely executed, as are many quadrans in this period.
PMah
918rma603.jpg
Cr 249/3 Æ Quadrans P. Maenius M.f. [Antiaticus?]0 views 132 b.c.e. Rome mint
Head of Hercules right, wearing lion skin headdress; three pellets behind
Prow right; P•MAE•ANT•MF (ligate) above, three pellets before, ROMA below
7.95gm 20mm

The exact cognomen of the moneyer is not universally agreed.
PMah
616NN370.jpg
Cr 250/2 Æ Quadrans M. Aburi M.f. Gem5 viewsc. 132 b.c.e. 19 mm, 6.70 gm.
o: Head of Hercules r., wearing lion’s skin; behind, three pellets and below neck truncation, club
r: M·ABVRI MF / GEM Prow r.; before, three pellets and below, ROMA.
Aburia 7
E.E. Clain-Stefanelli collection (which was very, very large)
Nicely struck, despite wear. Nice dark brown patina.
More to follow on this type.
PMah
280AGCaeciliaCr256.jpg
Cr 256/4a AE Quadrans Q. Caecilius Metellus7 views130 BCE
(16.78 mm, 3.03 g, 7 h). Rome mint.
o: Head of Hercules right, wearing lion's skin headdress; three pellets behind
r: Q·MET / ROMA, prow of galley right, three pellets to right
Crawford 256/4a; Sydenham 510b
Ex RBW collection
PMah
green6quadrans.png
Cr 265/3 AE Quadrans [Q. Max.] 13 viewsc. 127 BCE AE quadrans (16.6 mm, 3.23 grams)
O: 3 pellets behind Hercules head r.
R: Q.MAX ROMA 3 pellets, above and below prow r.
Crawford 265/3.
Ex. RBW Collection
PMah
lot388Vauctions.png
Cr 272/2 Æ Quadrans Anonymous 10 viewsAnonymous. 135-125 BCE Æ quadrans (17 mm, 4.21 g, 6 h). Rome.
o: Head of Hercules right, wearing lion's skin headdress; behind, three pellets
r: [R]OMA in exergue, prow of galley right; in right field, three pellets
Crawford 272/2
PMah
618NN378.jpg
Cr 313/4 Æ Quadrans L. Memmius Galeria5 viewsc. 106 b.c.e., 18 mm, 4.16 gms.
o: Head of Hercules r., wearing lion’s skin; behind, three pelelts
r: Three pellets above /L·MEMMI above Prow r., with head of Venus decorating acrostolium; before, Cupid placing wreath on its top and below, ROMA.
Memmia 5. Sydenham 575b.
One has to squint, a bit, at the interersting reverse to see Venus and Cupid on the reverse, but Cupid is facing left and stretching very hard towards the acrostolium, wings fluttering behind. The "eye" and the "X" oar-box are clear, as are the stylized waves.
ex RBW Collection (not NAC sales)
PMah
Roma475.jpg
Cr 329/1b AR Denarius P. Cornelius Lentulus M.f. 52 viewsRome, 100 BCE
o: Bust of Hercules right, seen from behind, holding club, shield in left field, K below pellet in right field, ROMA below
r: Roma standing facing, holding spear and wearing triple-crested helmet, Genius of the Roman People right crowning her and holding cornucopiae, K below pellet in left field, LENT•MAR•F in ex, all within laurel-wreath
Crawford 329/1b; Cornelia 25a
(3.94g, 20mm, 12h)
A somewhat busy design.
5 commentsPMah
355.jpg
Cr 350B/3d AE Quadrans Anonymous 10 viewsc. 100 - 80 B.C. Bronze quadrans (Rome mint, 86 B.C.E.?)(2.082g, 16.1mm, die axis 90o) ;
O: head of Hercules right clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress, three pellets behind
R: prow of galley right, ROMA (MA ligate) above, three pellets right(?), head of Venus decorating top of acrostolium(?)
cf. Crawford 350B/3d (possibly unofficial copy)
ex RBW Collection
PMah
545Nau363comb.jpg
Cr 380/1 AR Denarius C. POBLICIUS Q.F.8 views80 b.c.e. 3.8 gm.; 18 mm.
o: ROMA. Helmeted and draped bust of Roma right; F above.
r: C POBLICI Q F. Hercules standing left, wrestling the Nemean Lion; club below, quiver with bow and arrows to left, F above.
I. for one, feel that the Nemean Lion got a raw deal. Apart from having a demi-god out to get him, his skin became Hercules's "look". But Hercules was so...dense that he needed Athena to explain how to skin the poor lion -- which, in the typical way, makes the protagonist seem like a dim-wit. If you need a top-notch goddess to help you, then perhaps your accomplishment is at least 2nd rate.
A few elements of the inscription are weak, but the banker's marks are strong lettering. The serration looks entirely original to me.
PMah
20-1-CNG-March2009-Blk.jpg
Crawford 20/1 - Hercules and Wolf and Twins24 viewsDenomination: Didrachm
Era: c. 269-266 BC
Metal: AR
Obverse: Head of Hercules R. Club and lionskin over shoulder. Border of dots.
Reverse: She-2olf r., suckling twins. ROMANO in exergue.
Weight: 7.21 gm
Reference: Crawford 20/1
Provenance: CNG shop, 09-MAR-2009

Comments: Obverse fully centered and complete. Reverse struck from a somewhat worn die, and slightly off-center obscuring the “O” in ROMONO. GVF/VF.
3 commentsSteve B5
image~2.jpg
crw 148/4 . Roman Republic, Q. Marius, Bronze quadrans . 189 - 180 B.C.24 viewsRoman Republic, Q. Marius, Bronze quadrans . 189 - 180 B.C.
9.605g, 22.5mm . Rome mint .
Obverse : Head of Hercules right, wearing Nemean Lion scalp headdress, three pellets above .
Reverse : Prow of galley right, Q MARI above, three pellets before, ROMA below .
Crawford 148/4, Sydenham 367c, BMCRR 825, SRCV I 1091. Very Rare .
Ex Andrew McCabe . Ex Forum .
Q. Marius is only known from his coinage.
Vladislav D
crw177_4.jpg
crw 177/4 . Roman Republic . PT series Æ quadrans . 169-158 BC24 viewsRoman Republic . PT series Æ quadrans . 169-158 BC
18.4 mm, 5.92 grams . Rome mint.
Obverse: Hercules wearing lion scalp headdress .
Reverse: ROMA|I|PT/TP , prow right .
Crawford 177/4
Ex. R.Russo . Ex. RBW . Ex Amphora .
Vladislav D
c3~0.JPG
Diocletian39 viewsDiocletian
AE Antoninianus
Date: 285 AD
Obverse: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG - Bust right
Reverse: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG Crescent * B in field - Jupiter holding globe and Hercules holding Victory, facing
Mint: Antioch

ecoli
1Diocletian.JPG
Diocletian33 views284-305 AD
AE Antoninianus (22mm, 2.83g)
O: Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG.
R: Diocletian receiving Victory from Hercules; IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, XXI in ex.
RIC 275v
ex M&R Coins
Enodia
071309084~0.jpg
Diocletian (284 - 305 A.D.)45 viewsÆ(S) Antoninianus
O: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
R: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter stg R hldg globe and scepter; Hercules stg L hldg Victory, club,& lionskin, crescent & Z in center, XXI in ex.
Antioch Mint
4.0g
21.6mm
RIC V 323
3 commentsMat
Diocletian_Hercules.png
Diocletian Antoninianus - HERCVLI CONSERVAT8 viewsDiocletian Antoninianus

Obverse:
IMP C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG
Radiate, cuirassed bust right

Reverse:
HERCVLI CONSERVAT
Hercules standing right with club on rock. TXXIT in exergue.

Ticinum
Harry G
Diocletian_opt.jpg
DIOCLETIAN Antoninianus RIC V Part II 323, Jupiter14 viewsOBV: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG
REV: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter, half naked, standing right holding sceptre & globe, facing Hercules with lionskin, club & victory on globe, Z between, dot XXI in ex


Minted at Antioch, 293 AD
Legatus
diocle_antioch.jpg
Diocletian, IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Antioch15 viewsDiocletian, IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Antioch, struck 285 AD, 22 mm, 3.5 g
Obverse: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG; radiate and draped bust right. Reverse: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG; Jupiter, half naked, standing right holding sceptre and globe, facing Hercules with lionskin, club and victory on globe, crescent over S between, XXI in ex. RIC V-2, 323, ex areich
Podiceps
diocletianjuptr.jpg
Diocletian, RIC 329 Treveir 284-305 CE.19 views
Obverse: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: IOVI CONSERVATOR-I AVGG, TR. Jupiter & Diocletian face to face. Diocletian is standing to the left, turned right, dressed in militrary, holding a scepter in left hand. Jupiter is naked standing at right, turned left, the coat on the shoulder, holding a long Scepter, the left hand and a globe nikephoros in the right hand, giving to the emperor.
Mintmark XXI, Treveir, 23.2 mm., 4.0 g.

Comments: The workshop of Tripolis is rare. Opened at the time of the reform of 274 Aurelian's reign, will close under the diarchy in 290. Antioch, as the nearby workshop of Tripolis, seems to serve as military dispensary supplying the army funds in order to pay the troops in the field.
History: Diocletian, born in 245 in Dalmatia (Split), is an Illyrian Emperor. It is purple after eliminating Aper, praetorian prefect and father-in-law and assassin of Numerien, November 20 284. Fighting first against Carin, youngest son of Carus, he was defeated at the Margus the following year; but Carin is murdered and Diocletian remains only August. He appointed Maximian, a compatriot, Caesar in November 285, then auguste April 1 286. It just created a new political regime, the diarchy where two emperors share political and military power, but Maximian remains subordinate to Diocletian. Diocletian ranks under the Jovian (Jupiter) protection while Maximian was Herculean gasoline (of Hercules). Diocletian spent the first ten years of his reign to make war in the East, while Maximian remains in the West. Diocletian was the first emperor of Bas Empire, in the words of Gibbons, and the originator of the dominate.
NORMAN K
LouisXIV1694.JPG
Divo 256. 1694, Prise de Gerona.186 viewsObv. Bust right LUDOVICUS MAGNUS REX CHRISTIANISSIMUS
Rev. Hercules leaning on pillar, prone figure at his feet GERUNDA CAPTA MDCXCIIII
LordBest
EB0271_scaled.JPG
EB0271 Macedon, Alexander the Great, AE1813 viewsMacedon, Alexander the Great, AE18, struck c. 323-319 BC, Miletos Mint
Obv: Head of Alexander the Great right, as Hercules, wearing lion-skin knotted at base of neck.
Rev: AΛEΞANΔΡOY Bow and bowcase above, club below.
References: Price 2110
Diameter: 18mm, Weight: 6.34 grams
EB
EB0332b_scaled.JPG
EB0332 Hercules / Prow8 viewsRoman Republican, Anonymous, AE quadrans, After 211 BC.
Obv: Head of Hercules right, wearing lion skin; three pellets (mark of value) to left.
Rev: Prow right; three pellets (mark of value) below; ROMA above.
References: Syd. 143c; Sear 118.
Diameter: 22mm, Weight: 7.268 grams.
EB
EB0728_scaled.JPG
EB0728 Diocletian / Hercules strangling lion10 viewsDiocletian 284-305, AE Antoninianus, Lyons mint, 289 AD.
Obverse: IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P AVG, radiate draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: VIRTVTI AVGG, Hercules strangling lion.
References: RIC 103, Cohen 526.
Diameter: 23.5mm, Weight: 3.776g.
EB
EB1020_scaled.JPG
EB1020 Hercules / Prow16 viewsRoman Republic, Circa 225-217 BC. Aes Grave cast Quadrans.
Obverse: Head of Hercules left, wearing lion’s skin headdress, three pellets behind; all on raised disk.
Reverse: Prow of galley right, three dots below; all on raised disk.
References: Thurlow-Vecchi 54; Crawford 35/4; Haeberlin pl. 18, 1-9.
Diameter: 41mm, Weight: 60.35g.
1 commentsEB
EB1026_scaled.JPG
EB1026 Hercules / Prow8 viewsRoman Republic, AE Quadrans, after 215 BC.
Obverse: Head of Hercules in lion skin right, three pellets behind.
Reverse: ROMA, Prow right, three pellets below, ΛA to right.
References: Cf. C41/8b, C56/5.
Diameter: 20.5mm, Weight: 7.29g.
EB
Comb22092017082621.jpg
Egypt, Ptolemy VIII, 145-116 BC. Alexandria Mint.29 viewsObv. Head of bearded Hercules right, wearing lion scalp.
Rev. PTOLEMAIOY BASILEWS, Eagle standing left.
24mm, 11.2 grams.
References: SV. 1494.
1 commentsCanaan
1332.jpg
Elagabal, Nikopolis ad Istrum, Hercules,10 viewsElagabal, Nikopolis ad Istrum, Hercules, 26 mm, 11.55 g
Obverse: AVT K M AVRÊ ANTONEINOS; laureate head right
Reverse: VP NOBIOV ROVFOV NIKOPOLITWN PROSISTR / O - N; Hercules standing facing, head left, holding lion skin and resting club on ground. Moushmov 1457. ex areich

Podiceps
AntoninusPius_Hercules_Nemean_Lion.jpg
Emmett 1555 - Antoninus Pius AE34 drachm – Hercules Nemean Lion53 viewsAntoninus Pius AE drachm, Alexandria, Egypt, 138-161 AD, 26.93gm, struck 146-147 AD (year 10, LDE-K[ in reverse field), 33.6mm. Obv: Laureate head right. Rev: Hercules standing right and wrestling the Nemean Lion. Emmett 1555; Geissen 1395v (year 5). Kampmann-Ganschow 35.143 1 commentsmattpat
Herakles_Farnese.jpg
Farnese Hercules19 viewsThe Farnese Hercules is one of the most famous ancient sculptures. It is a colossal copy made after a smaller Lysippos original, and intended to adorn the Baths of Caracalla. The sculpture was discovered and removed from the baths in 1546, entering the famous collection of Alessandro Farnese. It now resides in the museum of Naples.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Farnese_Hercules
Joe Sermarini
sulla.jpg
FAUSTUS CORNELIUS SULLA32 viewsAR denarius. 56 BC. 4.05 g, 9h. Head of young Hercules right, wearing lion's skin headdress, paws knotted below his chin; SC above FAVSTVS monogram behind. / Globe surrounded by four wreaths, the larger jewelled and tied with fillet; aplustre and stalk of grain below. Crawford 426/4a. RSC Cornelia 61 .
Gemini II,lot 257.
1 commentsbenito
00sulla3.jpg
FAUSTUS CORNELIUS SULLA35 viewsAR denarius. 56 BC. 4.05 g, 9h. Head of young Hercules right, wearing lion's skin headdress, paws knotted below his chin; SC above FAVSTVS monogram behind. / Globe surrounded by four wreaths, the larger jewelled and tied with fillet; aplustre and stalk of grain below. Crawford 426/4a. RSC Cornelia 61 .
1 commentsbenito
00sulla3~1.jpg
Faustus Cornelius Sulla169 viewsAR denarius. 56 BC. 4.05 g, 9h. Head of young Hercules right, wearing lion's skin headdress, paws knotted below his chin; SC above FAVSTVS monogram behind. / Globe surrounded by four wreaths, the larger jewelled and tied with fillet; aplustre and stalk of grain below. Crawford 426/4a. RSC Cornelia 61 .
This coin is one of ten million denarii that the Senate of Rome commissioned for the purchase of wheat in the year 56 BC. All those extra denarii, struck alongside the normal coin issues, bear the letters S.C for "Senatus Consulto" (by decree of the Senate) on their obverse, behind the head of Hercules. The ligated letters FAVS refer to the moneyer, Faustus Cornelius Sulla.

The ear of grain on the reverse illustrates that this denarius was indeed minted in connection with the purchase of wheat. Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus, who transacted the business, was the father in law of the moneyer Sulla, and effectually used his son in law's position to advertise himself. Three of the wreaths on the reverse commemorate the three triumphs of Pompey: He was the first Roman to celebrate a triumph on each of the three then-known continents. With this Pompey had made Rome a world power, which is symbolized by the globe in the middle. The fourth wreath, larger than the others, stands for the extraordinary honor that Pompey was bestowed with in 63 BC, when he was allowed to wear a golden headdress when going to the circus or the theater.
1 commentsbenito
Constantius-RIC_VI-40-ALE-Hercules.jpg
Follis, Constantius I, HERCVLI VICTORI5 viewsDenomination: Follis/Nummus
Era: c. 304-305

Metal: AE (silvered)
Obverse: FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right
Reverse: HERCVLI VICTORI. Hercules standing. Facing, head left, r. leaning on club, l. holding apples and with lion skin dropping from elbow. S to l, P to r. above apples, A below. ALE in exergue
Mint: Rome
Weight: 10.10g.
Reference: RIC VI 40, Alexandria
Provenance: Numismatik Naumann 81, Sept. 1, lot 610

Constantius beard with ringlets. Especially sharp reverse Hercules in good style. EF with some hints of silvering remaining.

Steve B5
France_1876_5_Fr.JPG
France, Third Republic14 viewsObv: LIBERTÉ ÉGALITÉ FRATERNITÉ, Hercules standing between two female figures, engraver's name Dupré signed between stars in exergue.

Rev: 5 FRANCS in two lines over 1876, surrounded by laurel and oak branches; bee, "REPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE", anchor and A below.

Edge: DIEU PROTEGE LA FRANCE

Paris mint

Silver 5 Francs
SPQR Coins
Gades,_Hispania_.JPG
GADES (Cadiz), Spain AE 'as'. Pre Roman Spain, circa 237 BC. Two tuna fish, Punic legend. Head of Herakles in lion skin. 49 viewsGADES (Cadiz), Spain, AE as. Head of Hercules to left, club behind. Reverse - Two tuna to left, Punic legend above and below, crescent between dot and letter alef, point between tuna. 25mm, 13.0g. FAB-1339. Scarce. 1 commentsAntonivs Protti
gades_hercules.jpg
Gades, Hispania, AE 21 viewsObv. Head of young Herakles left, wearing lionskin
Rev. Punic legends, 2 tunny fish swimming left. Unknown countermark Ivy leaf?
Skyler
00313q00.jpg
Galerius5 viewsAE-Antoninianus
GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB C; Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust to right.
VIRTVS AVGG; Hercules stg. right, supporting on club and holding bow and lion skin.
Ex: III
Lugdunum
RIC
Julianus of Pannonia
RIC_Gallienus_SRCV_10404_hecules-apple.jpg
Gallienus (Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus) (253-268 A.D.)10 viewsSRCV 10404, RIC V S-623, Göbl 1647b, Van Meter 337/3.

BI Antoninianus, 3.09 g., 22.70 mm. max., 0°

Antioch mint, struck during solo reign (260-268 A.D.), in 266 A.D.

Obv: GALLIENVS AVG, radiate draped bust right.

Rev: VIRTVS AVG, Hercules standing left, holding club on ground with right hand, holding apples of the Hesperides in left hand, lion-skin draped left over arm. VII C [=COS VII] in exergue.

RIC rarity C, Van Meter VB1.
Stkp
RIC_Gallienus_SRCV_10415_hercules-lion.jpg
Gallienus (Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus) (253-268 A.D.)10 viewsSRCV 10415, RIC V S-673, Göbl 1616g, Van Meter 346

BI Antoninianus, 3.41 g., 20.87 mm. max., 180°

Antioch mint, struck during solo reign (260-268 A.D.), in 264 A.D.

Obv: GALLIENVS AVG, radiate draped cuirassed bust right.

Rev: VIRTVS AVGVSTI, Hercules standing right, leaning on club set on a rock on right, holding lion-skin right. Star in right field.

RIC rarity C, Van Meter VB1.
Stkp
GALLIEN-62-ROMAN.jpg
Gallienus, RIC V(1)-673.C Asian (Antioch)91 viewsBillon Antoninianus
Antioch mint (Antioch), 264 A.D.
22mm, 2.85g
RIC V(1)-673, RSCv.4-1320d, RCVv.3-10415

Obverse:
GALLIENVS AVG
Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right.

Reverse:
VIRTVS AVGVSTI
* in right field
Hercules standing right, holding club and lion's skin.
rubadub
E_boar.jpg
Gallienus: Hercules' boar118 viewsGallienus (253–268)
Rome mint, workshop E.
Obeverse: GALLIENVSAVG, Gallienushead right.
Reverse: HERCVLICONSAVG, boar right. E below.

Comment: One of the true rarities of the zoo series. This is not a great specimen. The boar’s head are disfigured because of ghosting due to a die clash with the obverse die. However it’s a heavy coin with silvery color. Sometimes you just have to take what you can get.

W=3.97g; D=21x20mm.
KjetilK
Geta As.jpg
Geta - As30 viewsP. SEPT. GETA CAES. PONT. , draped and cuirassed bust right
DI PATRII / S C , Liber Pater and Hercules standing facing each other
Cohen 33
Issued in 204

This as, among other coins with the pair of gods Liber Pater / Hercules on the reverse, was issued for the Secular Games of 204. Liber Pater and Hercules are the Roman versions of Melqart (Hercules) and Shadrafa (Liber Pater), the 2 punic gods of Leptis Magna, Libya, the city of Septimius Severus and his Pratorian Prefect Plautianus.
Ginolerhino
gord2~0.jpg
GORDIAN III101 viewsAE medallion. 238-244 AD. 35.52 gr. Anchialos. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust seen from the front, head left, holding spear and shield, eagle with spread wings on the shield . AVT K M ANT AVΓ ΓOPΔIANOC / Hercules nude , lion skin over head and streaming behind him, kneeling left on back of the fallen Ceryneian Hind, grasping her antlers with both hands; club lying on the ground behind the captured beast. OVΛΠIANΩN AΓXIAΛEΩN. AMNG 622.
Gemini III. Lot 433. Harlan J.Berk B.or B. 153 Lot 442
4 commentsbenito
00gordherc3.jpg
GORDIAN III152 viewsAE medallion. 238-244 AD. 35.52 gr. Anchialos. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust seen from the front, head left, holding spear and shield, eagle with spread wings on the shield . AVT K M ANT AVΓ ΓOPΔIANOC / Hercules nude , lion skin over head and streaming behind him, kneeling left on back of the fallen Ceryneian Hind, grasping her antlers with both hands; club lying on the ground behind the captured beast. OVΛΠIANΩN AΓXIAΛEΩN. AMNG 622.
3 commentsbenito
Gordian-III-RIC-206.jpg
Gordian III / RIC 206, 2'nd series.16 viewsAntoninianus, 242 -243 AD, Antioch mint.
Obverse: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG / Radiate bust of Gordian.
Reverse: PM TR P V COS II PP / Hercules advancing right; lion's skin over left arm, holding raised club and bow.
4.81 gm., 22 mm.
RIC #206; Sear #8649.

The reverse of this coin is the only dated reverse of the second series minted at Antioch.
Callimachus
Gordian_III_95.jpg
Gordian III - AR antoninianus23 viewsRome
late 240 - VII 243 AD
8th - 11th emission
radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind
IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG
Hercules standing right, resting hand on hip and leaning on club with lion skin, club set on rock
VIRTVTI AV_GVSTI
SRCV III 8670, RSC IV 404, RIC IV 95
3,13 g 22-21 mm
Johny SYSEL
Gordian_III_Virtuti_Augusti.jpg
Gordian III - AR antoninianus5 viewsRome
late 240 - VII 243 AD
8th - 11th emission
radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind
IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG
Hercules standing right, resting hand on hip and leaning on club with lion skin, club set on rock
VIRTVTI AVGVSTI
SRCV III 8670, RSC IV 404, RIC IV 95
4,91g
ex Aurea numismatika
Johny SYSEL
Gordian_Hercules.jpg
Gordian III Antoninianus41 viewsSilver antoninianus, RSC IV 404, RIC IV 95, near VF, Rome mint, 1 Jan 241 - Jul 243 A.D.; obverse IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VIRTVTI AVGVSTI, Hercules, naked, standing right, resting right hand on club set on rock, lion skin beside club; Lovely dark toning!Philoromaos
ant9.jpg
Gordian III Antoninianus Hercules23 viewsOb. IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate draped bust right
Rev. VIRTVTI AVGVSTI, Hercules standing right leaning on club set on rock.
Ref. RIC 95, Cohen 404

-:Bacchus:-
Bacchus
gordhrec.jpg
Gordian III AR Antoninianus14 viewsGordian III AR Antoninianus 23mm/4.28gr Toned..
IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate draped bust right / VIRTVTI AVGVSTI, Hercules standing right leaning on club set on stone and holding lion skin
Rome mint: AD 241-243 (9th, 10th, and 11th Issues, 4th Officina) RIC 95, RSC 404
Paul R3
GordianIII_Hercules.jpg
Gordian III AR Antoninianus, RIC 95, RSC 40413 views
Gordian III AR Antoninianus. IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate draped bust right / VIRTVTI AVGVSTI, Hercules standing right leaning on club set on rock. RSC 404.
Sear Roman Coins and their Values (RCV 2000 Edition) Number 86
Britanikus
gord_3_11com.JPG
gordian III RIC IV ( 3 ) Rome 9515 viewsAR 21-23 mm 4.0 grams
OBV :: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right seen from rear
REV :: VIRTVTI AVGVSTI. Naked Hercules standing right leaning on club with lion skin besides it. Rightt hand on hip
RIV IV ( 3 ) Rome 95
RIC rated common
Johnny
Gordian_III_ForumAncientCoins.jpg
Gordian III Silver Antoninianus20 viewsObverse: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind

Reverse: VIRTVTI AVGVSTI, Hercules, naked, standing right, right hand on hip, resting with left hand on club set on rock, lion skin beside club
Andrew S4
Gordian_III_RIC_95_(2).JPG
Gordian III, 238 - 244 AD32 viewsObv: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian facing right.

Rev: VIRTVTI AVGVSTI, Hercules, naked, standing facing, head turned right, right hand placed on hip, left hand resting on a club set on a rock, a lion's skin hangs beside club.

Silver Antoninianus, Rome mint, 241 - 243 AD

3.6 grams, 22 mm, 0°

RIC IViii 95, RSC 404, S8670, VM 64
1 commentsSPQR Coins
Gordian_III_RIC_116a.JPG
Gordian III, 238 - 244 AD32 viewsObv: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian facing right.

Rev: VIRTVTI AVGVSTI, Hercules, naked, standing facing, head turned right, right hand placed on hip, left hand resting on a club set on a rock, a lion's skin hangs beside club.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 241 AD

2.8 grams, 21 mm, 0°

RIC IViii 116a, RSC 403, S8684, VM 77
SPQR Matt
gordian_hercules_k.jpg
Gordian III, AD 238-2446 viewsAR antoninianus, 22mm, 4.7g, 12h; Rome mint, AD 24-243.
Obv.: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG; Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind.
Rev.: VIRTVTI AVGVSTI, Hercules standing right, naked, right hand on hip, resting with left hand on club set on rock, lion skin besides club.
Reference: RIC IVc 95, p. 25 / 16-412-55
John Anthony
0300-220np_noir.jpg
Gordian III, Antoninianus58 viewsAntoninianus struck in Rome c.241-243 AD
IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Draped and radiate bust of Gordian right
VIRTVTI AVGVSTI, Hercules standing right, leaning on club
5.41 gr
Ref : RCV #8670, Cohen #404
Potator II
115656LG.jpg
Gordian III. AR denarius. A.D. 240-243.2 viewsRome mint. (18 mm, 3.08 g, 8 h). IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian III right / VIRTVTI AVGVSTI, Hercules standing right, right hand behind back, holding lion skin and club set on rock. RIC 116; RSC 403.
Ruslan K
Grotto_of_Hercules_-_Delos.jpg
Greece, Delos - Grotto of Hercules256 viewsTo be found at the foot of the approach of Mt Kinthos.Lloyd T
alexclet.JPG
GREEK, Alexander III the Great - Celtic imitation 108 viewsAlexander III the Great - King of Macedonia 336-323 B.C.Celtic Gaul or Britain Barbarous AR Drachm
Dimensions: 18 mm Weight: 4 grams

Struck - 336-250 B.C. Obv./ Head of Hercules right, wearing lion skin headdress.Rev./ AΛEΞANΔΡOY, Zeus seated left, holding eagle and scepter, monogram in left field and under chair.
Struck during the lifetime of Alexander the Great and beyond circa 336-250 B.C. by the Celts of Gaul or Britain for trade with the Greeks.
superflex
kos1.JPG
GREEK, Kos, Caria, AR Drachm19 views63328. , cf. BMC Caria p. 198, 44 ff., SNG Cop 636 ff., SNGvA 2756 - 2757, SNG Keckman 293 - 294, Fine/Fair,
3.120 g,
14.1 mm,
Cos mint, c. 357 - 166 B.C.;
obverse bearded head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse KWION, crab, magistrates name and club below, all within square dot border; (Ex FORVM)


"Herakles was travelling by sea when Hera, who hated him, sent a storm, sinking his boats. Hercules and only a few friends survived, swimming to Kos. Once ashore they asked a shepherd for food and shelter. The shepherd refused and insulted Hercules and they fought. People from nearby Antimachia joined the fight against Hercules. Hercules and his friends slipped into a house, disguised as women, and escaped. Another town welcomed Hercules and declared war on Antimachia. Hercules killed the king of Antimachia and married the newly elected king's sister, Halkiopi. Their son, Thessalos, would later be the king of Kos and Nisyros."
superflex
IMG_1054.jpg
GREEK, Lycaonia, Laranda28 viewsLykaonia, Laranda. 323-322 BC. AR Hemiobol 0.45g, head of Baal (Hercules) , right. Rev. Forepart of wolf right, above L Ref.: Gokturk 70

literature. The coin was found in a hoard, in 2009, not far from his native city. Most likely the treasure was laid during the invasion of the region diadoch Perdiccas, who undertook to conquer Eumenes this region. This coin, which was probably minted for the city's defense, is very similar to the referenced coins. City Laranda was destroyed in 322 BC The obverse of the coin depicts the Baal or Melkart - deity who later the Romans identified with Heracles. Wolf on the reverse is likely to relate to the cult of Apollo Likeys (gr. likos = wolf) - one of the most ancient of worship among the Greeks. This cult was especially popular in southern Asia Minor - in Lycia, Cilicia, etc. Very names of these regions contain the root of "wolf" and speak for themselves. A curious technology that was used for coinage coins: blanks are rectangular in shape and have sharp edges. It is very likely that their cut from sheet metal. Maybe that's why all the coins of this type are surprisingly accurate weight - 0.45 grams.
Ilya_VK
alex2.jpg
Greek, Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III (the great)26 viewsAE coin
Hercules wearing Lion head
bow quiver
Franz-Josef M
bronce_8.jpg
GREEK, Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander the Great28 viewsÆ Unit
336 - 323 a.C.
ANV: Cabeza de hercules con piel de leon
REV:AΛEΞANΔPOY entre baston y carcaje de flechas
Pedro Jose D
bronce_7.jpg
GREEK, Macedonian Kingdom, Kassander15 viewsÆ20 Bronce
306 - 297 a.C.
ANV: Cabeza de hercules con piel de leon
REV: Jinete a galope a derecha con mano levantada
Pedro Jose D
09 Æ23 Pirro.jpg
GREEK, SICILY, SYRACUSE, Pyrrhus, AE2352 viewsCeca: Siracusa (Sicilia)
Datación: 278-276 aC (Pirro)
Valor: Æ23
Catálogo: Calciati 177
Conservación: MBC
Metal: Æ
Peso: 9,88 gr.
Diámetro: 23 mm.
Anverso: Cabeza de Hércules con piel de león a izquierda. (EYPAKOSION)
Reverso: Atenea Promachos avanzando a derecha blandiendo lanza y escudo. Detrás símbolo tridente.
Juan B
Thasos-Tet.jpg
GREEK, Thrace, Thasos AR Tetrdrachm103 viewsThasos Tetradrachm - (31x28mm) 16.5gm, Bust of Dionysos R, in the Fine Style Rev, Hercules w/ Lion Skin & Club, Legend. Circa 148BC. I love the oval flan as it gives a "portrait" style look. Woody HarterForrest H
hadriandenOR.jpg
Hadrian denarius, RIC 14913 viewsRome mint, Hadrian denarius, 125-128 A.D. AR, 18mm 2.99g, BMC 343, RIC 149
O: Laureate head r., drapery on l. shoulder
R: Hercules seated r. on cuirass, holding club and distaff (?)
casata137ec
Hadrian_RIC_149.JPG
Hadrian, 117 - 138 AD 27 viewsObv: HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS, laureate bust of Hadrian facing right, drapery on far shoulder.

Rev: COS III, Hercules seated on a cuirass, resting club on round and oval shields and holding a distaff.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 126 AD

3.3 grams, 19 mm, 180°

RIC II 149, RSC 331, S3467(var.)
1 commentsSPQR Coins
Poblicia_Den_2a.jpg
Helmeted Roma | Hercules with Nemean Lion, AR Serrate Denarius, 80 BC. Poblicia.81 views
Helmeted Roma | Hercules and Nemean Lion, Serrate Silver Denarius.

Obv: Roma draped, in twin-feathered plumed Phrygian-styled helmet, right facing; ROMA behind, control mark S above.
Rev: Hercules standing left, wrestling and strangling the Nemean lion, club below, encased bow with two arrows in left field; S, above; C POBLICI Q F in right field.

Exergue: None.

Mint: Rome
Struck: 80 BC.

Size: 18.73 mm.
Weight: 3.8 grm.
Die axis: 90°

Condition: Quite fine. Beautiful, bright, clear and lustrous silver. Excellent surfaces and devices in superb relief.

Refs:
Sydenham, 768
Crawford, 380/1
2 commentsTiathena
HERC DEVSONIENSI-03.jpg
HERC DEVSONIENSI185 viewsPostumus AE double sestertius. IMP C M CASS LAT POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate and draped bust right / HERC DEVSONIENSI, Hercules standing in temple with club & lion skin. 4 commentspostumus
Hrcules.jpg
Hercules251 viewsIMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG - Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
VIRTVTI AVGVSTI - Hercules, naked, standing right, right hand on hip, left hand on club resting on rock, lion-skin beside club
jimwho523
IMG_1211q.JPG
Hercules201 viewsCapitoline museums1 commentsJohny SYSEL
gord2~1.jpg
Hercules292 viewsThis medallion of Gordian III represents the third labour of Hercules. This labour was to capture the Hind of Cerynaea, the hind was known as Cerynitis. Eurystheus bestowed this task upon Heracles knowing full well that the animal was the sacred property of Artemis, that meant he would be committing impiety against the goddess. Artemis found a small herd of five while out hunting, she captured four to harness to her chariot, but the fifth escaped to Mount Cerynaea which borders Arcadia and Achaea. The animal was larger than a bull, brazen-hoofed also with huge golden horns or antlers of a stag.
With the hind being swift of foot it took Heracles a whole year to get close to the creature. He tracked the hind through Greece and into Thrace, (in some versions it says the chase took Heracles as far as Istria and the northern lands of the Hyperboreans). Never daunted by the long chase, Heracles was waiting for the hind to tire, this was not to be, and the hind seemed to have plenty of stamina and agility left.
Heracles knew he must disable the creature in some way, then by chance the hind stopped to drink at a river. Taking an arrow and removing the blood of the Hydra from the tip, Heracles took aim and hit the hind in the leg, making it lame, this made catching the creature much easier. Heracles bound the wound and then set off on his long journey home. On the way to the palace of Eurystheus he was met by the goddess Artemis and her twin brother Apollo. On seeing the Ceryneian Hind, the huntress accused Heracles of sacrilege. Heracles pleaded with them, saying it was a necessity to return the sacred hind to the court of king Eurystheus, as he was bound by the labor imposed on him. Artemis granted Heracles forgiveness and he was allowed to carry the hind alive to the palace.
Upon bringing the hind to Eurystheus, he was told that it was to become part of the King's menagerie. Heracles knew that he had to return the hind as he had promised, so he agreed to hand it over on the condition that Eurystheus himself come out and take it from him. The King came out, but the moment Heracles let the hind go, it sprinted back to its mistress, and Heracles left saying that Eurystheus had not been quick enough

5 commentsbenito
MaximianusAntHercules.jpg
Hercules10 viewsMaximianus
Antoninianus

Radiate, helmeted, & cuirassed bust left, IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG
Hercules standing right, strangling the Nemean lion, VIRTVTI AVGG

Ric 458
Blindado
RI 066ak img~0.jpg
Hercules (Alternate depiction)242 viewsRIC 206a
Caracalla Denarius
Obv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate bust right
Rev:– P M TR P XVI COS IIII P P, Hercules standing left,holding club and lion skin plus a branch in right hand
Minted in Rome. A.D. 213
Reference:– Van Meter 60/2. RIC 206a. RCV02 6828. RSC 220.

A nice clear depiction of the Lion on this one.
maridvnvm
hercules_minim_composite.png
Hercules Minimae composite200 viewsThirty Minute Coins from Caesarea
BCC m11-BCC m40
Hercules obv./animal rev.
12.5-5.5mm. 1.3-0.3gm.
Similar to Hamburger #35-58
Atiqot Vol.1 1954/1956
Hamburger assigns these coin types to
the mint at Caesarea.
(click on picture for larger image)
1 commentsv-drome
Ancient_Counterfeits_Trajan_Mule_Hercules.jpg
Hercules Mule5 viewsObv.: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P
Laur. r.
Rev.: P M TR COS IIII P P (sic)
Hercules standing front on altar, holding club and lion skin (as RIC 49).

2.79g, 19mm
klausklage
Hercules_Musei_Capitolini_MC1265.jpg
Hercules of the Forum Boarium178 viewsHercules of the Forum Boarium is a gilded 2nd century B.C. slightly over-lifesize bronze statue, which was found in the Forum Boarium in Rome. This statue is probably the one mentioned by Pliny, which originally stood in the Temple of Hercules Victor, by the Tiber. It lacks the lion skin. Perhaps a actual lion skin was once draped on it. The sculpture is now in the Musei Capitolini, Rome.1 commentsJoe Sermarini
Heracles_Pio-Clementino_Inv252.jpg
Hercules of the Theatre of Pompey181 viewsThe Hercules of the Theatre of Pompey, from the 2nd Century A.D., was discovered in 1864. It had been carefully buried under protective tiles, incised FCS (fulgor conditum summanium), indicating that it had been struck by lightning, and had been carefully interred on the spot. The figure supports himself lightly on his grounded vertical club; the skin of the Nemean Lion is draped over his left forearm, he holds the apples of Hesperides in his left hand. The sculpture is now in the round room area of Museo Pio-Clementino.2 commentsJoe Sermarini
maximianus~0.jpg
Hercules. The Nemean lion.172 viewsAntoninianus. 287-289 AD. Lugdunum. 3 off. 5 ems. Radiate, helmeted, and cuirassed bust right . IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG. / Hercules standing right, strangling lion; club thrown behind him at feet. VIRTVTI AVGG. RIC V 456.Lyon 227.
First Labor of Hercules - Nemean Lion
From Apollodorus. " When Hercules heard that, he went to Tiryns and did as he was bid by Eurystheus. First, Eurystheus ordered him to bring the skin of the Nemean lion; now that was an invulnerable beast begotten by Typhon. On his way to attack the lion he came to Cleonae and lodged at the house of a day-laborer, Molorchus; and when his host would have offered a victim in sacrifice, Hercules told him to wait for thirty days, and then, if he had returned safe from the hunt, to sacrifice to Saviour Zeus, but if he were dead, to sacrifice to him as to a hero. And having come to Nemea and tracked the lion, he first shot an arrow at him, but when he perceived that the beast was invulnerable, he heaved up his club and made after him. And when the lion took refuge in a cave with two mouths, Hercules built up the one entrance and came in upon the beast through the other, and putting his arm round its neck held it tight till he had choked it; so laying it on his shoulders he carried it to Cleonae. And finding Molorchus on the last of the thirty days about to sacrifice the victim to him as to a dead man, he sacrificed to Saviour Zeus and brought the lion to Mycenae. Amazed at his manhood, Eurystheus forbade him thenceforth to enter the city, but ordered him to exhibit the fruits of his labours before the gates. They say, too, that in his fear he had a bronze jar made for himself to hide in under the earth, and that he sent his commands for the labours through a herald, Copreus, son of Pelops the Elean. This Copreus had killed Iphitus and fled to Mycenae, where he was purified by Eurystheus and took up his abode."

1 commentsbenito
VI-91.jpg
HERCVLI CONSERVATORI - Maximianus101 viewsAE Follis, London, 307
6.83gm, 22mm
Ox: D N MAXIMIANO P F S AVG
O: Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
Rx: HERCVLI CONSERVATORI, PLN in ex.
R: Hercules standing facing, head left, right leaning on club, left holding bow, lion's skin over left shoulder.

RIC VI.91 (S), ex. Marc Poncin
3 commentsPaul DiMarzio
1357c.jpg
hhj8.26.14.082 viewsElagabalus
Nicopolis

Obv: AVT M AVP ANTΩNINOC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
Rev: NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPOC IC..., Club of Hercules.
16 mm, 3.55 gms

cf Hristova-Hoeft-Jekov 8.26.14.08
Charles M
1777c.jpg
hj6.26.14.021 viewsElagabalus
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC, laureate head right
Rev: MAPKIANO-ΠOΛITΩN, Club of Hercules.
15 mm, 2.20 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.26.14.2
Charles M
1403c.jpg
hj6.26.14.xx4 viewsElagabalus
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVPH ANTΩNEINOC, laureate head right
Rev: MAPKIA-NOΠOΛITΩN, Club of Hercules.
17 mm, 2.17 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.26.14.xx (this obverse legend not listed in HJ with this type)
Charles M
SeptimiusSeverus-Denar-a-ROM-HERCULES-RIC97.jpg
I-SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS - a-003-Denar-ROME-RIC I/IV/9717 viewsAv) L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIII
Laureated bust right

Rv) HERCVLI DEFENS
Hercules standing right, holding bow, leaning on cube, over the right hand lion skin

Weight: 3,2g; Ø: 17mm; Reference: RIC IV/I/97; ROME mint; struck.197 A.D.
sulcipius
Gallienus-Antoninian-ANTIOCHIA-VIRTVSAVGVSTI-GÖBL_1616b.jpg
II - GALLIENUS -a- Antoninian - ANTIOCHIA - GOEBL 1616c9 viewsAv) GALLIENVS PF AVG
Radiated and cuirassed bust right

Rv) VIRTVS AVGVSTI
Hercules standing right, on hand led to hip, leaning on cub, which is set on a rock; right in field : lions-skin and above star

Weight: 3,4g; Ø: 23mm; References: GOEBL: 1616b; RIC V/I/672
sulcipius
20150822_110744.jpg
Italy, Herculaneum, College of the Augustales22 viewsThe side walls of the sacellum in the College of the Augustales are painted with doors either side of a central porch which opens onto architectural elements on a white ground. Above the doors and porch are further windows containing bronze chariots driven by winged victories, placed on pedestals. The central fresco on the left wall is of Hercules standing next to Juno and Minerva

From my visit to Herculaneum in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150822_110821.jpg
Italy, Herculaneum, College of the Augustales23 viewsThe side walls of the sacellum in the College of the Augustales are painted with doors either side of a central porch which opens onto architectural elements on a white ground. Above the doors and porch are further windows containing bronze chariots driven by winged victories, placed on pedestals. The fresco in the middle of the right wall shows Hercules fighting Achelous who kidnapped Deianira.

From my visit to Herculaneum in August 2015
maridvnvm
IMG_1672q.JPG
Italy, Rome, Temple of Hercules Victor157 viewsForum Boarium

built in the later second century BC

In 1132 the temple was converted to a church, known as Santo Stefano alle Carozze.
Johny SYSEL
Italy- Rome- The Arch of Constantine The Great.jpg
Italy- Rome- The Arch of Constantine The Great71 viewsArch of Constantine
The Arch of Constantine is a triumphal arch in Rome, situated between the Colosseum and the Palatine Hill. It was erected to commemorate Constantine's victory over Maxentius at the Battle of Milvian Bridge on October 28, 312 AD. Dedicated in 315 AD, it is the latest of the extant triumphal arches in Rome, from which it differs by the extensive re-use of parts of earlier buildings.

General Description
The arch is 21 m high, 25.7 m wide and 7.4 m deep. It has three archways, the central one being 11.5 m high and 6.5 m wide, the lateral archways 7.4 m by 3.4 m each. The lower part of the monument is built of marble blocks, the top (called attic) is brickwork revetted with marble. A staircase formed in the thickness of the arch is entered from a door at some height from the ground, in the end towards the Palatine Hill. The general design with a main part structured by detached columns and an attic with the main inscription above is modelled after the example of the Arch of Septimius Severus on the Forum Romanum. It has been suggested that the lower part of the arch is re-used from an older monument, probably from the times of the emperor Hadrian (Conforto et al., 2001; for a defence of the view that the whole arch was constructed in the 4th century, see Pensabene & Panella). The arch spans the Via Triumphalis, the way taken by the emperors when they entered the city in triumph. This route started at the Campus Martius, led through the Circus Maximus and around the Palatine Hill; immediately after the Arch of Constantine, the procession would turn left and march along the Via Sacra to the Forum Romanum and on to the Capitoline Hill, passing both the Arches of Titus and Septimius Severus. During the Middle Ages, the Arch of Constantine was incorporated into one of the family strongholds of ancient Rome. Works of restoration were first carried out in the 18th century; the last excavations have taken place in the late 1990s, just before the Great Jubilee of 2000.

Decoration
The decoration of the arch heavily uses parts of older monuments, which are given a new meaning in the context of the Constantinian building. As it celebrates the victory of Constantine, the new "historic" friezes illustrating his campaign in Italy convey the central meaning: the praise of the emperor, both in battle and in his civilian duties. The other imagery supports this purpose: decoration taken from the "golden times" of the Empire under Trajan, Hadrian and Marcus Aurelius places Constantine next to these "good emperors", and the content of the pieces evokes images of the victorious and pious ruler. Another explanation given for the re-use is the short time between the start of construction (late 312 at the earliest) and the dedication (summer 315), so the architects used existing artwork to make up for the lack of time to create new one. As yet another possible reason, it has often been suggested that the Romans of the 4th century lacked the artistic skill to produce acceptable artwork and therefore plundered the ancient buildings to adorn their contemporary monuments. This interpretation has become less prominent in more recent times, as the art of Late Antiquity has been appreciated in its own right. It is, of course, possible that a combination of two or all three of those explanations are correct, as they are not mutually exclusive.

Attic
Above the middle archway, the main inscription (see below) takes the most prominent place of the attic. It is identical on both sides of the arch. Flanking the inscription on both sides, there are pairs of relief panels above the minor archways, 8 in total. They were taken from an unknown monument erected in honour of Marcus Aurelius, and show (north side, left to right) the emperor's return to Rome after the campaign (adventus), the emperor leaving the city and saluted by a personification of the Via Flaminia, the emperor distributing money among the people (largitio), the emperor interrogating a German prisoner, (south side, left to right) a captured enemy chieftain led before the emperor, a similar scene with other prisoners, the emperor speaking to the troops (adlocutio), and the emperor sacrificing pig, sheep and bull. Together with three panels now in the Capitoline Museum, the reliefs were probably taken from a triumphal monument commemorating Marcus Aurelius' war against the Sarmatians from 169 - 175, which ended with his triumphant return in 176. On the largitio panel, the figure of Marcus Aurelius' son Commodus has been eradicated after the latter's damnatio memoriae. On top of each of the columns stand marble statues of Dacian prisoners from the times of Trajan, probably taken from the Forum of Trajan. From the same time date the two large (3 m high) panels decorating the attic on the small sides of the arch, showing scenes from the emperor's Dacian Wars. Together with the two reliefs on the inside of the central archway, they came from a large frieze celebrating the Dacian victory. The original place of this frieze was either the Forum of Trajan, as well, or the barracks of the emperor's horse guard on the Caelius.

Main Section
The general layout of the main facade is identical on both sides of the arch. It is divided by four columns of Corinthian order made of Numidian yellow marble (giallo antico), one of which has been transferred into the Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano and was replaced by a white marble column. The columns stand on bases showing victory figures on front, and captured barbarians and Roman soldiers on the sides. The spandrels of the main archway are decorated with reliefs depicting victory figures with trophies, those of the smaller archways show river gods. Column bases and spandrel reliefs are from the times of Constantine. Above each lateral archway are pairs of round reliefs dated to the times of emperor Hadrian. They display scenes of hunting and sacrificing: (north side, left to right) hunt of a boar, sacrifice to Apollo, hunt of a lion, sacrifice to Hercules, (south side, left to right) departure for the hunt, sacrifice to Silvanus, hunt of a bear, sacrifice to Diana. The head of the emperor (originally Hadrian) has been reworked in all medaillons: on the north side, into Constantine in the hunting scenes and into Licinius or Constantius I in the sacrifice scenes; on the south side, vice versa. The reliefs, c. 2 m in diameter, were framed in porphyry; this framing is only extant on the right side of the northern facade. Similar medaillons, this time of Constantinian origin, are placed on the small sides of the arch; on the eastern side, showing the Sun rising, and on the western side, the Moon, both on chariots. The main piece from the time of Constantine is the "historical" relief frieze running around the monument under the round panels, one strip above each lateral archway and at the small sides of the arch. These reliefs depict scenes from the Italian campaign of Constantine against Maxentius which was the reason for the construction of the monument. The frieze starts at the western side with the "Departure from Milan". It continues on the southern, "outward" looking face, with the siege of a city, probably Verona, which was of great importance to the war in Northern Italy; also on that face, the Battle of Milvian Bridge with Constantine's army victorious and the enemy drowning in the river Tiber. On the eastern side, Constantine and his army enter Rome; the artist here has avoided to use the imagery of the triumph, as Constantine probably did not want to be shown triumphant over the Eternal City. On the northern face, looking "towards" the city, two strips with the emperor's actions after taking possession of Rome: Constantine speaking to the citizens on the Forum Romanum, and distributing money to the people.

Inner Sides of the Archways
In the central archway, there is one of the large panels of Trajan's Dacian War on either wall. Inside the lateral archways, eight portraits busts (two on each wall), destroyed to such an extent that it is not possible to identify them any more.

Inscriptions
The main inscription reads:

IMP · CAES · FL · CONSTANTINO · MAXIMO · P · F · AVGUSTO · S · P · Q · R · QVOD · INSTINCTV · DIVINITATIS · MENTIS · MAGNITVDINE · CVM · EXERCITV · SVO · TAM · DE · TYRANNO · QVAM · DE · OMNI · EIVS · FACTIONE · VNO · TEMPORE · IVSTIS · REM-PUBLICAM · VLTVS · EST · ARMIS · ARCVM · TRIVMPHIS · INSIGNEM · DICAVIT

Which means in English:

To the Emperor Caesar Flavius Constantinus, the greatest, pious, and blessed Augustus: because he, inspired by the divine, and by the greatness of his mind, has delivered the state from the tyrant and all of his followers at the same time, with his army and just force of arms, the Senate and People of Rome have dedicated this arch, decorated with triumphs.

The words instinctu divinitatis ("inspired by the divine") have been much commented. They are usually read as sign of Constantine's shifting religious affiliation: The Christian tradition, most notably Lactantius and Eusebius of Caesarea, relate the story of a vision of the Christian god to Constantine during the campaign, and that he was victorious in the sign of the cross at the Milvian Bridge. The official documents (esp. coins) still prominently display the Sun God until 324 AD, while Constantine started to support the Christian church from 312 on. In this situation, the vague wording of the inscription can be seen as the attempt to please all possible readers, being deliberately ambiguous, and acceptable to both pagans and Christians. As was customary, the vanquished enemy is not mentioned by name, but only referred to as "the tyrant", drawing on the notion of the rightful killing of a tyrannical ruler; together with the image of the "just war", it serves as justification of Constantine's civil war against his co-emperor Maxentius.

Two short inscriptions on the inside of the central archway transport a similar message: Constantine came not as conqueror, but freed Rome from occupation:

LIBERATORI VRBIS (liberator of the city) - FUNDATORI QVIETIS (founder of peace)

Over each of the small archways, inscriptions read:

VOTIS X - VOTIS XX SIC X - SIC XX

They give a hint on the date of the arch: "Solemn vows for the 10th anniversary - for the 20th anniversary" and "as for the 10th, so for the 20th anniversary". Both refer to Constantine's decennalia, i.e. the 10th anniversary of his reign (counted from 306), which he celebrated in Rome in the summer of 315 AD. It can be assumed that the arch honouring his victory was inaugurated during his stay in the city.




John Schou
Julia_domna_naked_hercules.jpg
JULIA DOMNA, Wife of Septimius Severus. 193-211 AD50 viewsMOESIA INFERIOR, Marcianopolis. . Æ 18mm. (3.6 gm). Draped bust right / Naked Heracles, stg. left, strangling the Nemean lion. VF/F, scarce bust iconography1 commentsMarjan E
kallatis~0.jpg
Kallatis, Drachm14 viewsKallatis AR Drachm. 281 B.C. - ca 200 B.C. 4,8g, 19mm. Head of Hercules right in lion skin / ΚΑΛΛΑΤΙ, corn ear, bow case & bow. Moushmov 202, SNG Cop 176, BMC SNG Black Sea 202.Podiceps
kallatis_kybele.jpg
Kallatis; Hercules l./ Kybele seated l.; AE 2032 viewsKallatis, Moesia, AE20. Autonomous coinage, 2nd-3rd Century AD. KTHCTHC. laureated head of Hercules left / ΚΑΛΛΑΤΙΑΝΩΝ, Cybele seated left holding patera and scepter, arm resting on drum. SNG Cop 183, Moushmov 255. Ex FORVMPodiceps
coin17.jpg
Kingdom of Macedon, Alexander III, 336-323 BC28 viewsAlexander III AE Unit. Macedonia mint. ca 336-323 BC. Head of Herakles, in lionskin headdress / ALEXANDROU between club and bow in quiver. K below.

Lifetime issue, Macedonian Mint, Head of (Alexander as) young
Hercules right, wearing lion's scalp, forepaws knotted at
truncation. / ALEXANDPOU Bow, quiver, club and K. Price 301.
Britanikus
MACEDON_ALEX_III_AE.jpg
Kingdom of Macedon, Alexander the Great31 viewsKingdom of Macedon, Alexander the Great, AE21, (5.60g) 336-323 BC, Head of Alexander the Great right, as Hercules, wearing lion-skin headress. / A/\EXANDPO[Y] Bow and bowcase above, club below.dpaul7
LiciniusHerculi.jpg
Licinius HERCVLI VICTORI101 viewsMP C LICIN LICINIVS PF AVG
Leureated head right

HERCVLI - VICTORI * //SMN

Hercules standing right, leaning on club with lion's skin

Follis struck in Nicomedia
22 mm ; 4,88 g; axis 180°
Not in RIC.

full silvering
1 commentsgb29400
limes_falsum_sept.jpg
Limes Falsum Septimius Severus27 views Obv. SEVERUS? Bust of Septimius Severus right
Rev. Hercules? right holding club and lionskin
Skyler
HerculesDiobol.jpg
Lucania, Heraclea: AR Diobol46 viewsHead of Athena right, wearing crested helmet decorated with Hippocamp

Herakles kneeling right, strangling the Nemean Lion.


Heraclea, Ca. 432-420 BC

0.73g

Van Keuren 38; HN Italy 1360

Ex-ANE

Beautiful glossy black patina
5 commentsJay GT4
Septimius_Severus_V_2319.JPG
Lucius Septimius Severus, 193 - 211 AD18 viewsObv: AVT KAI CE CEVHPOC, laureate head of Septimius Severus facing right.

Rev: NIKOΠOΛI ΠPOC ICTPΩ, Hercules, naked, standing right, resting on club set on a rock.

Æ 18, Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior

2.9 grams, 18.8 mm, 225°

Varbanov I 2319
SPQR Coins
IconiumHercules.jpg
Lycaonia, Iconium. Herakles/Perseus AE16. ca 2nd century AD. 69 views
Obv: Bearded Herakles right, lion's skin knotted at neck, club over left shoulder.
Rev: COL ICONI, nude Perseus standing, head r., holding harpa in l., head of Gorgon in r.
1 commentsancientone
245- Lydia Triopolis, Hercules.JPG
Lydia Tripolis, Hercules23 viewsAE16, 2nd century AD
Obverse: Mature bearded head of Hercules left
Reverse: TRIPOL-ITWN, Nike advancing right with wreath and palm
16mm, 3.46gm
BMC 370-38; SNG Von Aulock 3313
Jerome Holderman
LydiaApollonoshieronHeraclesLyre1a_LindgrenIII450_(exGerda).jpg
Lydia, Apollonoshieron. Pseudo-autonomous issue, circa late 2nd or early 3rd century AD. Lindgren III 450.42 viewsLydia, Apollonoshieron. Pseudo-autonomous issue, circa late 2nd or early 3rd century AD. Æ 15.75mm, 1.93 g, 6h.
Obverse: Bearded head of Heracles right.
Reverse: [ΑΠ]ΟΛΛΩ – ΝΙ – ЄΡЄΙΤΩΝ, lyre.
References: Lindgren III 450; Mi IV, 49.
Ex Gerda Dijkhuis, 11-30-2014.
1 commentsMark Fox
LydiaHypaepaHeraclesNike1_(exNicolasLouis).jpg
Lydia, Hypaepa. Pseudo-autonomous issue, time of the Antonines.30 viewsLydia, Hypaepa. Pseudo-autonomous issue, time of the Antonines (AD 138–192). Æ 19.33mm, 3.82 g, 6h.
Obverse: Bearded bust of Heracles right with club over left shoulder, seen behind neck.
Reverse: [V]Π[Α]ΙΠ – ΗΝ[Ω]Ν, Nike walking left, holding wreath in right hand with arm outstretched, and palm branch in left hand/arm.
References: RPC IV Online (temporary №) 3318; SNG Turkey 7 (Ödemiş Museum), 275; Altinoluk T9B.
Ex Nicolas Louis, 11-17-2014.
Mark Fox
LydiaHypaepaAthenaHerm1_(exSavoca).jpg
Lydia, Hypaepa. Pseudo-autonomous issue, time of Trajan. Unpublished. One of four known. 20 viewsLydia, Hypaepa. Pseudo-autonomous issue, time of Trajan (AD 98–117). Æ 17.25mm; 3.21 g; 6h.
Obverse: ΥΠΑΙΠΗΝΩΝ,draped bust of Athena right, wearing Corinthian helmet and aegis.
Reverse: ЄΠΙ [ΛΟ]ΥΚΙΟΥ, herm of Heracles right on low base, holding apple(?) in right hand and club in left.
References: To be published in RPC III. See the die-identical specimen in Harvard Art Museums: http://www.harvardartmuseums.org/art/27566.
Ex Savoca Numismatik (eBay), 9-27-2014.
Mark Fox
pseudo-autonomous_Maeonia_Herakles_Omphale_AE20_4_89g.jpg
Lydia, Maionia, Heracles / Omphale, AE2038 viewsAE20, 4.89g
obv: bearded head of Herakles right
rev: ΜΑΙΟΝΩΝ; Omphale advancing right, wearing lion skin and holding club over shoulder

SNG München 303; BMC Lydia p. 129, 17 ff. var (head left); Lindgren 749 (head left); SNG v. Aulock 3011 var (head left); SNG Leypold 1053 var (head left)

ex FORVM
areich
Civic_Lydia_Saitta_Demos_Hercules_AE18_4.2g.jpg
Lydia, Saitta, Demos / Heracles, AE1896 views2nd century AD
18mm, 4.24g
obv: ΔHMOC; bust of youthful Demos right
rev: CAITTH-NΩN; Heracles standing facing, head left, leaning on club and holding lion’s skin.
BMC 11; Lindgren 788; SNG Leypold 1148

ex Tom Vossen
2 commentsareich
Pseudo-autonomous_Saitta_Herakles_lion_AE15_1_65g.jpg
Lydia, Saitta, Herakles / lion, AE1565 views2nd century AD
15mm, 1.65g
obv: bearded head of Herakles right, club over left shoulder
rev: lion advancing left
SNG Leypold 1146
areich
sardisvesp.jpg
Lydia, Sardes. Vespasian (69 - 79). Pseudo-autonomous AE15. Herakles/Herakles 45 viewsObv: CAPDIANWN / Laureate bust of Hercules r., lion skin on shoulders.
Rev: CAPDIANWN / Hercules standing r., leaning on club, staff? in r. hand.
RPC II 1310.

ancientone
ThyateiraHercules.JPG
Lydia, Thyateira. AE15 Pseudo-Autonomous39 viewsLydia, Thyateira AE15. Pseudo-Autonomous coinage, ca 193-235 AD. Bare-headed, bearded bust of Herakles right, cloak knotted at neck / QVATEIPHNW, lion stalking right. SNG Leypold 1265. BMC 40 ancientone
Lysimachus_Drachm.jpg
Lysimachos13 viewsOBV:Hercules wearing a lion skin headdress.
REV:ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΛΥΣΙΜΑΧΟΥ
Zeus seated on throne, holding an eagle and staff, legs crossed.
306 B.C. - 281 B.C.
4.3gm 17mm
goldenancients
124.jpg
M. Acilius M.f, Denarius21 viewsM. Acilius M.f, Denarius

RRC 255/1
130 b.c.

Av: Helmeted head of Roma right, M•ACILIVS•M•F• around within two dotted lines.
Rv: Hercules, holding trophy and club, in slow quadriga right; ROMA in exergue.

From Martina Dieterle, World Money Fair, Berlin, 03.02.2017 (as Ex Roma X1, 7.4.2016)
3 commentsNorbert
255,1_Acillius.jpg
M. Acilius M.f. - AR denarius7 viewsRome
²133 BC
¹130 BC
head of Roma right wearing winged helmet, legend between two circles of dots
M·ACILIVS·M·F·
(XVI)
Hercules in slow quadriga right holding club and trophy
ROMA
¹Crawford 255/1, SRCV I 131, Sydenham 511, RSC I Acilia 4
²Mark Passehl - Roman moneyer & coin type chronology, 150 – 50 BC
3,9g
ex Aureo & Calicó

Obverse could be influenced by design of Macedonian tetradrachms with Artemis on Macedonian shield.
Johny SYSEL
Acilia_1a_img.jpg
M. Acilius M.f., denarius16 viewsObv:– M . ACILIVS . M . F . (within double border), Winged-helmeted head of Roma right, * in left field
Rev:– Hercules in slow quadriga right, club upward in right hand, trophy and reigns in left; ROMA in exergue
Minted in Rome 130 B.C.
Reference:– Crawford 255/1, RSC I Acilia 4

Weight 3.84g. 18.66mm. 180 degrees.
maridvnvm
1465_M_Aurelius_Cota.jpg
M. Aurelius Cotta - AR denarius8 viewsRome
¹143 BC
²139 BC
head of Roma right wearing winged helmet
COTA
X
Hercules in biga of Centaurs right, each of whom holding a branch, Hercules holding club and reins
M·(AVR)ELI
ROMA
¹Crawford 229/1; Sydenham 429; cf. Aurelia 16
²Mark Passehl - Roman moneyer & coin type chronology, 150 – 50 BC
ex Aurea
Johny SYSEL
Cotta.jpg
M. AURELIUS COTTA AR Denarius24 viewsAR Denarius
OBVERSE: Head of Roma, COTA below, X behind
REVERSE: Hercules holding club in biga of centaurs holding branches; M.AVRELI below, ROMA in ex
Rome 139 BC
4.29g, 16mm
Aurelia 16, BMC.914, Craw.229/1
ex. Pliego Numismatics
2 commentsLegatus
0099-B.jpg
M. Marcius Mn. f. AE Quadrans16 viewsM. Marcius Mn. f. AE Quadrans

RRC 245/3
bc 134

av: Head of hercules, right, to l. three pellets
rv: Prow r., Above M.MAR.CI; MF in ligatur, below ROMA, to r. three pellets

ex Artemide Aste, Auct Artemide XLV, lot 121, 2016-06-11/12

The coin arrived with bronze disease.

This is an updated picture now after:
- cleaning
- 14 days of BTA
- dipping into Cosmoloid wax

Now I can just hope that the coin will stay this way.
Norbert
192.jpg
M. Volteius Denarius - Hercules and the Erymanthian Boar (Crawf. 385/2)32 viewsAR Denarius
Rome, 78 BC
3.87g

Obv: Head of young Hercules (R), wearing lion’s skin headdress

Rev: Erymanthian Boar charging right
VOLTEI•M•F in exergue

Bab. 2; BMC 3158; Crawf. 385/2; Syd. 775.

Künker Auction 312, Lot 2669

The monstrous, wild Erymanthian boar lived on Mount Erymanthos in Arcadia, a haunt of Artemis. For his fourth labour, Hercules was given the task to capture him and finally succeeded in doing so, by luring the animal into deep snow where it tired. He brought the boar alive to his client Eurystheus, who was so frightened he hid in a bronze wine jar.
2 commentsOptimo Principi
Volteius.jpg
M. Volteius M. f. - AR denarius11 viewsRome
²77 BC
¹78 BC
head of Hercules right, wearing lion skin
Erymanthian Boar right
M·VOLTEI·M·F
¹Crawford 385/2, SRCV I 313, Sydenham 775, RSC I Volteia 2
²Mark Passehl - Roman moneyer & coin type chronology, 150 – 50 BC
4,1g
ex London Coin Galleries

This issue commemorates ludi plebeii held in Circus Flaminius.
Johny SYSEL
M__VOLTEIUS_M_F_2.jpg
M. VOLTEIUS M.F. ROMAN REPUBLIC; GENS VOLTEIA AR Denarius7 viewsOBVERSE: Head of young Hercules right, wearing lion skin
REVERSE: Erymathian Boar right, M VOLTEI M F in ex
Rome 78BC
3.76g, 18mm
Syd 775, Cr385/2, Volteia 2
Legatus
mvargunteius.jpg
M.VARGUNTEIUS20 viewsAE quadrans. 130 BC. 2,90 grs. 2h. Head of Hercules right wearing lion's skin. Value (3 dots) behind / Prow of galley right. Three dots before. M VARG ( VAR in monogram) above.
ROMA below.
Craw 257/4.
benito
philip.jpg
Macedon, Philip III. 323-317 BC 30 viewsAR Hemidrachm (15mm, 2.7g).
Head of Hercules right in lionskin
FILIPPOU, Zeus seated left, legs crossed, holding eagle & scepter,
M monogram left field.

exBarry & Darling
CGPCGP
coin141.JPG
Macedonia 27 viewsPhillip V

Beardless head of Hercules/Athena Alkis right
ecoli
foto8~0.jpg
MACEDONIA - AMPHIPOLIS62 viewsEmisión póstuma en el nombre de ALEJANDRO III "MAGNO".
AR Tetradracma 26 x 25 mm 17.8 gr.

Anv: Cabeza de Herakles (Hércules) vistiendo piel de león. Gráfila de puntos.
Rev: "ALEΞANΔPOY" - Zeus Aëtophoros sentado en trono a izquierda, sosteniendo Aguila en mano derecha extendida y cetro en izquierda. Sus piernan cruzadas con la derecha hacia atrás. Monograma "QE" Bajo el trono, "Λ" / Antorcha en campo izq.

Acuñación: 320 - 315 A.C.
Ceca: Amphipolis - Macedonia

Referencias: Price #463
mdelvalle
MacedonUnderRomanEule.JPG
Macedonia under Roman rule. AR Tetradrachm, Amhpipolis43 viewsAR Tetradrachm. Amphipolis mint.

Obv. Macedonian shield with head of Artemis in the centre

Rev.Club of Hercules in wreath, AP monogram.

CHVF
LordBest
amphip_res.jpg
MACEDONIA, AMPHIPOLIS23 viewsca. 187 - 31 BC
AE 20 mm 7.14 g
O: Diademed head of Zeus or Poseidon right
R: AMFIPOLITWN, club of Hercules, monograms above and below, all within oak wreath.
laney
coin225.jpg
Macedonia, Kings, Alexander III, Price 0099 VB-3 31 viewsMacedonia, Kings, Alexander III, Price 0099 VB-3
Alexander the Great AR Tetradrachm. Macedonian Mint. Head of Hercules right in lionskin / ALEXANDROU, Zeus seated left, holding eagle, legs uncrossed. Coin #225
cars100
GRK_Macedonia_Alexander_II_Sear_6742.JPG
Macedonian Kingdom18 viewsSear 6742, Price 288-376

AE 17, under or in the name of Alexander III, the Great (336-323 B.C.) at either Pella or Amphipolis, after 328 B.C.

Obv: Head of Hercules facing right, wearing Nemian lion’s skin headdress.

Rev: Quiver and bow above B[A] (for ΒΑΣΣΙΛΕ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ), club [and symbol] below.
Stkp
Macedonian_Kingdom,_Alexander_III_The_Great,_336_-_323_B_C_,_Lifetime_Issue_.jpg
Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III The Great, 336 - 323 B.C., Lifetime Issue.113 viewsSilver Drachm, ADM I series I; Price 2090; Müller Alexander 763; SNG Cop 895; SNG Alpha Bank 629; SNG Saroglos 771; SNG München -, Choice good VF, toning on obverse, Ionia, Miletos mint, weight 4.260g, maximum diameter 16.3 mm, Die axis 0o, struck 325 - 323 B.C..
Obverse ; head of Alexander The Great as Herakles , right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress tied at neck.
Reverse ; AΛEΞAN∆POY, ( " Of Alexander " in Ancient Greek ) Zeus seated left on throne without back, nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter topped with lotus vertical behind in left hand, feet on footstool, right leg forward, ∆H monogram left.


Lifetime issue. This coin was issued during the lifetime and rule of Alexander the Great. Most Alexander coins were issued after his death.

The Sam Mansourati Collection. NO MID 2194 LIF.
Given as a souvenir to a dear friend. ( 8/18/2016 )

Hercules was the mythology value , Alexander the great wanted to be considered ahead of , by his followers , this obsession and his dictatorship cost him close friends to be put to death or killed by his own hands.

He ordered on his money , that Hercules must be engraved with his own face features .
That is how we knew how Alexander the great looked like.
Alexander the great believed that if the world is ruled by one king , will better for all ,after his mysterious death , he was considered a god for the ancient Greek.
For all those reasons and many unknown yet , lifetime issues of Alexander the great are considered on the top of the very valuable ancient coins.
Sam
MacNikoHeraklesbow.JPG
Macrinus, AE 2644 viewsAVT K M OPEL C CE/HR MAKRINOC
Bust laureate, right
VP K AGRIPPA NI/KOPOLITWN PROC /ICTRON
Herakles standing, head right, nude, holding club and bow, lion skin draped over arm.
AMNG 1696
cf. Varbanov (Eng) I, 3744 for reverse die only.
1 commentswhitetd49
00682.jpg
Maximian (RIC 622, Coin #682)5 viewsRIC 622 (C), Silvered AE Antoninianus, Antioch 286 - 310 AD.
OBV: IMP C M AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG; Radiate and cuirassed bust right.
REV: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG (XXI); Jupiter and Hercules standing face to face; the former holding globe and sceptre,
the latter Victory, club and lion's skin. Crescent over B in center.
SIZE: 22.2mm 4.38g
MaynardGee
Maximianus_2_black_sml.png
Maximian Antoninianus23 viewsMaximianus Herculeus, Augustus 286-305, 307-308, and 310 AD.

Lugdunum, 287-288AD.

23mm., 4.40g.

IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG. Bust of Maximian, radiate, draped, cuirassed, right.

HERCVLI PACIFERO. Hercules, standing left, holding olive-branch in right hand and club with lion's skin in left hand. Mintmark B/-//SML.

References: RIC V Diocletian 371

AAIU
RL
Maximianus_black_small.png
Maximian Antoninianus9 viewsMaximianus Herculeus, Augustus 286-305, 307-308, and 310 AD.

Lugdunum, AD 285.

22mm., 3.44g.

IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Bust of Maximian, radiate, draped, right, or bust of Maximian, radiate, draped, cuirassed, right

VIRTVS AVGG, Jupiter, standing right, holding sceptre in right hand and clasping hand of Hercules; Hercules, standing left, holding club and lion's skin. MintMark: D

References: RIC V Diocletian 432

AAIA
RL
CJSII-0461h.jpg
Maximian Coded - A with HP - Siscia - RIC 58068 viewsIMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG (2); CONSERVATORI AVGG; Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F); Maximian on left standing right holding scepter in left, Hercules on right standing left leaning on a club in left, both sacrificing over altar between them; with XXIA dot HP dot in ex.cscoppa
CJSII-0355h.jpg
Maximian Coded - A with HP - Siscia - RIC 581var51 viewsIMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS P AVG (3); CONSERVATOR AVGG; Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right (C); Maximian on left standing right holding scepter in left, Hercules on right standing left leaning on a club in left, both sacrificing over altar between them; with A in left field and XXIHP in ex.cscoppa
CJSII-0617h.jpg
Maximian Coded - B w/ KOY - Siscia - RIC 580var58 viewsIMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG (2); CONSERVATOR AVGG; Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right (C); Maximianus standing left pouring a sacrifice from patina in right hand while holding a sceptre in left & Hercules pouring a sacrifice from a patina in right hand while leaning on a club in left hand; with XXIBKOY in ex.cscoppa
CJSII-0616h.jpg
Maximian Coded - gamma with lamba I - Siscia - RIC 58055 viewsIMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG (2); CONSERVATOR AVGG; Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F); Maximianus standing left pouring a sacrifice from patina in right hand while holding a sceptre in left & Hercules pouring a sacrifice from a patina in right hand while leaning on a club in left hand; with XXI gamma dot lamba I dot in ex.cscoppa
CJSII-0759h.jpg
Maximian Coded - gamma with lamba I - Siscia - RIC 58096 viewsIMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG (2); CONSERVATOR AVGG; Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F); Maximianus standing left pouring a sacrifice from patina in right hand while holding a sceptre in left & Hercules pouring a sacrifice from a patina in right hand while leaning on a club in left hand; with XXI gamma dot lamba I dot in ex. 1 commentscscoppa
CJSII-0379h.jpg
Maximian Coded - HP - Siscia - RIC 580var69 viewsIMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG (2); CONSERVATOR AVGG; Radiate & cuirassed bust right (F); Hercules and Maximian jointly sacrifice over altar between them. Hercules is on right leaning on club; with A in left field and XXIHP in ex.cscoppa
CJSII-0303h.jpg
Maximian Coded - lamba I46 viewsIMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS AVG (4); CONSERVATOR AVGG; Radiate bare bust right; Maximianus standing left pouring a sacrifice from patina in right hand while holding a sceptre in left & Hercules pouring a sacrifice from a patina in right hand while leaning on a club in left hand; with gamma in right field and dot XXI dot lamba I dot in ex.cscoppa
CJSII-0342h.jpg
Maximian Coded KOY of Siscia RIC 58054 viewsIMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG (2); CONSERVATOR AVGG; Radiate head right; Maximian on left standing right holding scepter in left, Hercules on right standing left holding club in left, both sacrificing over altar between them; B in right field and XXIKOY in ex.cscoppa
4857_4858.jpg
Maximian, Antoninianus, IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG12 viewsAE Antoninianus
Maximian
Augustus: 285 - 305; 306 - 308; 310AD
Issued: 285 - 295AD
22.0mm 4.14gr
O: IMP CM AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG; Radiate, cuirassed bust, right.
R: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG; Jupiter standing right on left, holding globe and scepter, facing Hercules to right, holding Victory and club with lion skin.
Exergue: (Crescent) over Γ, above line; XXI, below line.
Antioch Mint
Aorta: 1448: B69, O33, R90, T81, M2.
RIC V-2 Antioch 622, crescent, Γ. Rated C
zurqieh_dubai 391118941224
Added to WildWinds, February, 2017.
6/2/15 2/19/17
Nicholas Z
maximianus.jpg
MAXIMIANUS40 viewsAntoninianus. 287-289 AD. Lugdunum. 3 off. 5 ems. Radiate, helmeted, and cuirassed bust right . IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG. / Hercules standing right, strangling lion; club thrown behind him at feet. VIRTVTI AVGG. RIC V 456.Lyon 227. 1 commentsbenito
00maximhercul.jpg
MAXIMIANUS37 viewsAE follis. Alexandria, 304-305 AD. 10,23 grs. Laureate head right . IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG. / Hercules standing facing, head left, holding club and apple. HERCVLI VICTORI. Δ/S in left field. P in right. ALE in exergue.
RIC 38.
Ex Barry P. Murphy.
1 commentsbenito
00maximihermanz.jpg
MAXIMIANUS45 viewsAE follis. Alexandria, 304-305 AD. 10,23 grs. Laureate head right . IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG. / Hercules standing facing, head left, holding club and apple. HERCVLI VICTORI. Δ/S in left field. P in right. ALE in exergue.
RIC 38.
1 commentsbenito
00maximianusherc.jpg
MAXIMIANUS 43 viewsAntoninianus. 287-289 AD. Lugdunum. 3 off. 5 ems. Radiate, helmeted, and cuirassed bust right . IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG. / Hercules standing right, strangling lion; club thrown behind him at feet. VIRTVTI AVGG. RIC V 456.Lyon 227.1 commentsbenito
Maximianus9.jpg
Maximianus AE Antoninianus RIC 622 crescent S, Hercules35 views OBV: IMP C M AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, radiate cuirassed bust right
REV: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter standing right holding sceptre & orb facing Hercules standing left holding Victory & club, S in lower centre, XXI dot in ex.
4.3g, 22mm

Struck at Antioch, 286-95 AD
Legatus
MAXIMIANUS_ANTONINIAN_ANTIOCHIA_SYRIA_HERAKLES.jpg
MAXIMIANUS Antoninianus 22 views(2,77 g. - 23-25 mm) Antiochia 285-295.
Vs: IMP C M AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG. Büste mit Strahlenkrone, Paludament und Panzer rechts.
Rs: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG / HG // XXI, Jupiter mit Globus und Szepter und Hercules mit Victoria, Keule und Löwenfell stehen einander gegenüber. _e16


Antonivs Protti
Maximianus_antoninianus_-_XXIKOY_mintmark.png
Maximianus Antoninianus - CONSERVATOR AVGG - •XXI•KOY•21 viewsMaximianus Antoninianus

Obverse:
IMP C MA VAL MAXIMIANBS P F AVG
Radiate and cuirassed bust right

Reverse:
CONSERVATOR AVGG
Maximian and Hercules stg. with altar between, -/B in field, •XXI•KOY• in exergue

Siscia

RIC 580, RCV13118
3 commentsHarry G
maximian_582_var.jpg
Maximianus coded - A with HP - RIC V, 582 var.69 viewsMaximianus Herculeus 286 - 310
AE - Antoninianus (pre-reform), 4.37g, 23.2mm
Siscia 1. officina, 290
obv. IMP CMA VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
bare bust, radiate head r.
rev. CONSERVATOR AVGG
Emperor, holding sceptre, and Hercules, shouldering club and lion's skin, standing
face to face, sacrificing at altar
l. field: A
exergue: dot XXI dot HP dot
RIC V/2, Siscia 582 var., unrecorded; not in Cohen
R; good VF, rest of silvering, thick flan
added to www.wildwinds.com

RIC 582 has obv. legend only P AVG, and bust type 'cuirassed' not 'bare'!

HP, 1st group of HP - KOY - LI
= Gen. of Herculius, name of Maximianus, so-called coded coins
look at http://forumancientcoins.com/forvm/Collectors_Resources
2 commentsJochen
maximian_580_KOY~0.jpg
Maximianus coded - B with KOY - RIC V, 58062 viewsMaximianus Herculeus 286 - 310
AE - Antoninianus (pre-reform), 2.94g, 25.4mm
Siscia 2. officina, 289 - 290
obv. IMP CMA VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
bust cuirassed, radiate head r.
rev. CONSERVATOR AVGG
Emperor, holding sceptre, and Hercules, leaning on club, standing
face to face, sacrificing at altar
r. field: B
exergue: XXIKOY
RIC V/2, Siscia 580; C.71
VF/EF, rest of silvering, flan crack at 4 o'clock

KOY, 2nd group of HP - KOY - LI
= Gen. of Herculius, name of Maximianus, so-called coded coins
look at http://forumancientcoins.com/forvm/Collectors_Resources.html
Jochen
maximian_580_LI_Gli.jpg
Maximianus coded - G with LI - RIC V, 58044 viewsMaximianus Herculeus 286 - 310
AE - Antoninianus (pre-reform), 3.69g, 23.2mm
Siscia 3. officina, 289 - 290
obv. IMP CMA VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
bust with drapery on l. shoulder, head radiate r.
rev. CONSERVATOR AVGG
Emperor, holding sceptre, and Hercules, leaning on club, standing
face to face, sacrificing at altar
l. field: Gamma
exergue: dot XXI dot Lambda Iota dot
RIC V, Siscia 580 var.; C.71
Scarce; VF+, rest of silvering, flan crack at 12 o'clock

This bust type is in RIC not listed!

Lambda Iota, last group of HP - KOY - LI
= Gen. of Herculius, name of Maximianus, so-called coded coins
look at http://forumancientcoins.com/forvm/Collectors_Resources.html
Jochen
maximianus_580.jpg
Maximianus coded - G with LI - RIC V, Siscia 580 var.63 viewsMaximianus Herculeus 286 - 310
AE - Antoninianus (pre-reform), 3.14g, 23mm
Siscia 3. officina, 289 - 290
obv. IMP CMA VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
bare bust, head radiate r.
rev. CONSERVATOR AVGG
Emperor, holding sceptre, and Hercules, leaning on club, standing
face to face, sacrificing at altar
r. field: Gamma
exergue: XXI dot Lambda Iota
RIC V, Siscia 580 var., unrecorded; C.71
Scarce; VF, silvered

In RIC the Gamma is in the left field!
Lambda Iota, last group of HP - KOY - LI
= Gen. of Herculius, name of Maximianus, so-called coded coins
look at http://forumancientcoins.com/forvm/Collectors_Resources.html
1 commentsJochen
1Erculeo_completa.jpg
Maximianus Hercules, argenteus (Boyd collection)32 viewsMassimiano Erculeo, primo regno (286-305 d.C.), argenteo. Zecca di Roma, I officina (295-297 d.C.)
AR, 3.03 gr, 19 mm (max), BB (VF)
D/ MAXIMIANVS AVG, testa laureata dell'imperatore a dx
R/ VICTORIA SARMAT, i tetrarchi (Diocleziano, Massimiano e i cesari Galerio e Costanzo Cloro) sacrificano davanti a un tripode con alle spalle le mura di un campo o di una città, Є in ex
RIC 37b
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (10 agosto 2008, numero catalogo 18), ex Antony Wilson collection (York Coins), New York Usa (2008), ex Baldwin's Auctions 42 2005 (lotto 676), ex W.C. Boyd (1842-1906) collection, London Uk (marzo 1901), ex W.S.Lincoln collection, London Uk (prima del 1901).
paolo
00303q00.jpg
Maximianus Herculius6 viewsAE-Antoninianus
IMP C MAXIMIANVS AVG; Radiate and draped bust left with club and lion’s skin.
VIRTVS AVGG; Jupiter and Hercules clasping hands.
Ex: SML
Lugdunum
RIC -; B. 72
Julianus of Pannonia
00299q00.jpg
Maximianus Herculius5 viewsAE-Antoninianus
IMP C MAXIMIANVS P AVG; Radiate helmeted and cuirassed bust to left, holding spear and shield.
HERCVLI INVICTO AVGG; Hercules stg. left, suporting on club with lionskin and holding globe with victory; S in left field
Ex: -
Lugdunum
Julianus of Pannonia
00317q00.jpg
Maximianus Herculius8 viewsAE-Antoninianus
IMP MAXIMIANVS PF AVG; Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
VIRTVS AVGG; Victory standing right on globe, holding palm and crowning Hercules to right, standing right, holding club and lion skin
Ex: XXIT
Ticinum
RIC 565
Julianus of Pannonia
00373q00.jpg
Maximianus Herculius8 viewsAE-Denarius
IMP MAXIMIANVS PF AVG; Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust to right.
VIRTVS AVGG; Hercules stg. facing, holding club, lion skin and trophy.
Ex: -
Rome
RIC --
Julianus of Pannonia
00308q00.jpg
Maximianus Herculius5 viewsAE-Antoninianus
IMP C MAXIMIANVS AVG; Radiate and draped bust left with club and lion’s skin
HERCVLI PACIFERO; Hercules standing left holding branch, club and lion’s skin; B in left field.
Ex: SML
Lugdunum
RIC 380; B 127 pl. VIII (3 ex.)
Julianus of Pannonia
00293q00.jpg
Maximianus Herculius4 viewsAE-Antoninianus
IMP C MAXIMIANVS P AVG; Radiate and cuirassed bust to left, holding spear and shield.
HERCVLI INVICTO AVGG; Hercules stg. left, suporting on club with lionskin and holding globe with victory; S in left field
Ex: -
Lugdunum
RIC 369; B. 185 (1ex)
Julianus of Pannonia
00301q00.jpg
Maximianus Herculius6 viewsAE-Antoninianus
MAXIMIANVS AVG; Radiate, helmeted and cuirassed bust to right.
VIRTVTI AVGG; Hercules to right wrestling with nemean lion.
Ex: -
Lugdunum
RIC 457 ; B.228 pl. XVI (2 ex)
Julianus of Pannonia
00300q00.jpg
Maximianus Herculius5 viewsAE-Antoninianus
IMP C MAXIMIANVS P AVG ; Radiate, helmeted and cuirassed bust to left.
VIRTVTI AVGG; Hercules to right, wrestling with the Nemean Lion; club behind.
Ex: -
Lugdunum
RIC 458; B.219 pl. XV (7ex)
Julianus of Pannonia
00372q00.jpg
Maximianus Herculius8 viewsAE-Abschlag of Aureus dies
MAXIMIANVS AVG CONS III; Laureate bust in imperial mantle to left, holding eagle tipped scepter.
CONCORDIA AVGG; Hercules holding club and lion skin, and Jupiter clasping hands; eagle at Jupiter’s feet.
Ex: SMT
Ticinum
RIC --; C --
Julianus of Pannonia
00298q00.jpg
Maximianus Herculius4 viewsAE-Antoninianus
IMP C MAXIMIANVS P AVG; Radiate, helmeted and cuirassed bust right.
VIRTVTI AVGG; Hercules standing right, strangling the Nemean lion, club behind.
Ex: -
RIC 460; Bastien 218 (17 ex.)
Julianus of Pannonia
00304q00.jpg
Maximianus Herculius6 viewsAE-Antoninianus
IMP C MAXIMIANVS P AVG; Radiate, helmeted and cuirassed bust to right.
VIRTVTI AVGG; Hercules to right wrestling with nemean lion; club behind.
Ex: -
Lugdunum
RIC 458; B.218 (17 ex.)
Julianus of Pannonia
00311q00.jpg
Maximianus Herculius5 viewsAE-Antoninianus
IMP C MAXIMIANVS PF AVG; Radiate and cuirassed bust to right.
VIRTVTI AVGG; Hercules to right wrestling with nemean lion; club behind.
Ex: -
Lugdunum
RIC 454; B.214 pl. XV (16 ex.)
Julianus of Pannonia
Maximianus.jpg
Maximianus Herculius (286-305 AD) - AE Antoninianus - Rome38 viewsObv: IMP MAXIMI-ANVS P F AVG - radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev: VIRTVS AVGG - Hercules standing facing, head left, holding trophy, club and lion skin
XXI(Stigma) in exergue

Minted in Rome (291 AD)
References: RIC V Part II 515 (S)
Weight: 3.75 g
Dimensions: 20 mm
krazy
max_k~1.jpg
Maximianus Herculius, AD 286-305, 306-308, and 3105 viewsBl Antoninianus, 4.0g, 23mm, 12h; Antioch mint, AD 286-295
Obv.: IMP C M AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG. Radiated and cuirassed bust to right.
Rev.: IOVI ET HERCV CONSER AVGG. Jupiter standing right holding sceptre and orb facing Hercules standing left holding Victory, club, and lion’s skin; Є between, XXI in exergue.
Reference: RIC Vb 622, p. 294.
John Anthony
maximianus_462.jpg
Maximianus RIC V, 46246 viewsMaximianus AD 286-305, 308
AE - Antoninianus, 23mm, 3.88g
Lyon, AD 289 (pre-reform)
obv. IMP C MAXIMIANVS P AVG
bust, draped and cuirassed, helmeted, r.
rev. VIRTU - TI AVGG
Hercules, nude, stg. r., strangling the Nemean lion; behind him Victory flying
and crowning him with wreath, his column stg. l. on ground.
RIC V/2, 462; C.654
scarce, VF, nice green patina

Interesting rev. depiction! For more information look at the thread 'Mythological interesting coin'
2 commentsJochen
Maximianus_Siscia__XXIBKOY_RIC_580.JPG
Maximianus Siscia XXIBKOY RIC 580 var42 viewsMaximian, Antoninianus, Siscia, 289 - 290 AD, RIC 580 var. (not in RIC)
OBV: IMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, radiate & cuirassed bust right
REV: CONSERVATOR AVG, Emperor, holding sceptre, and Hercules,
leaning on club, standing face to face, sacrificing at altar, XXIBKOY in exergue
This mintmark is unlisted in RIC. RIC V Siscia, 580, rated scarce

From Doug Smith's website:
Issued before the currency reform of c.294 AD, this Siscia mint antoninianus of Maximianus I bears, in exergue, the XXI followed by an even stranger code sequence.
The mint was divided into only three workshops using Greek numerals A, B and (here) G. To the right of G is LI. Conveniently, dots separate the sections of the mark.
To make sense of this marking, one must find an example from workshops A and B. These coins read XXIAHP and XXIBKOY.
Combining the fragments in officina order gives HPKOYLI or the Greek letter spelling of the Roman name Hercules. This is our code word.
A matching series by Diocletian used I+O+BI or the Greek letter spelling of Jupiter (IOVI not Zeus!).
1 commentsRomanorvm
MAXIMIAN-5-ROMAN.jpg
Maximianus, Antioch RIC V(2)-622(H)20 viewsAntoninianus
Antioch mint, 286-294 A.D.
22mm, 4.01g
RIC V(2)-622, RCVv4-13134

Obverse:
IMP C M AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG
Radiate and cuirassed bust right.

Reverse:
IOV ET HERCV CONSERV AVGG
* H in center field
XXI in exergue
Jupiter and Hercules standing face to face; the former holding globe and sceptre, the latter Victory, club and lion's skin.
Will J
2019032837ZGJoRT7k54cAYP_RqiS2_large.jpeg
Maximianus. First reign,antoninianus A.D. 291.6 views
Rome mint,(23 mm, 3.2 g,). IMP MAXIMIANVS PF AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right / VIRTVS AVGG, Hercules standing right, holding trophy, club, and lionskin; XXIΓ in exergue. RIC 515. Scarce.
Ruslan K
MHerculesFollis sacra mon.jpg
Maximien Hercules, Follis34 viewsAE 26 mm, 300/305 A.D., Siscia (Croatia)
Obv: Maximianus PF Aug
Rev: Sacra Monet Augg Et Caess Nostr, gamma
Ex: (half moon)+ SIS
Ref: CMIR, Vol III, Juan R. Cayon, p. 1788 # 376
Jean Paul D
Max Hercules Gen Pop SR Follis.jpg
Maximien Hercules, Follis28 viewsAE 27 mm, 294/295 A.D. , Rome (?)
Obv: M.A. Maximianus PF Aug
Rev: Genio Populi , S on left and gamma on right
Ref: CMIR,Vol III, Juan R. Cayon, p. 1775 # 341
Jean Paul D
061008max.jpg
Maximinus II16 viewsMaximinus II
AE Follis
Ob: IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, laureate head right
Rv: HERCULI VICTORI, Hercules naked standing right, leaning on club, A to left
Ex: MKV (Cyzicus)
Ref: RIC VI (Cyzicus) 89a
Scotvs Capitis
85-Maximinus II-4.JPG
Maximinus II -4-S33 viewsAE Follis, 309-313AD, Nicomedia mint.
Obv: IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS PF AVG, Laureate head right.
Rev: HERCVLI VICTORI, Hercules standing holding lion skin and leaning on club.
SMN in exergue
22mm, 4.7gm.

jdholds
Maximinus_II_Daya_Nicomedia_RIC_VI_68A.jpg
Maximinus II Daza36 viewsAE (4,31g - 21mm)
Obv. IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS PF AVG
laureate head right
Rv.HERCULI VICTORI
Hercules standing right leaning on club, right hand held behind back, lion's skin on left arm
B in left field
in exergue SMN
mint Nicomedia
RIC VI Nicomedia 68
HG
Maximinus_II_RIC_VI_75b.JPG
Maximinus II, 309 - 313 AD31 viewsObv: IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS PF AVG, laureate head of Maximinus II facing right.

Rev: HERCVLI VICTORI, Hercules standing right, leaning on club, holding lion-skin, eight-pointed star and Γ in left field; SMN in exergue.

Note: Hercules is depicted in the same pose as the Farnese Hercules, a massive marble sculpture, which depicts a muscular yet weary Hercules leaning on his club, which has his lion-skin draped over it. He has just performed the last of The Twelve Labors, which is suggested by the apples of the Hesperides he holds behind his back. The Farnese Hercules is probably an enlarged copy made in the early third century A.D., signed by Glykon, from an original by Lysippos that would have been made in the fourth century B.C. The copy was made for the Baths of Caracalla in Rome (dedicated in 216 A.D.), where it was recovered in 1546. Today it is in Naples National Archaeological Museum. The statue was well-liked by the Romans, and copies have been found in many Roman palaces and gymnasiums. It is one of the most famous sculptures of antiquity, and has fixed the image of the mythic hero in the human imagination. ~Credit: Forvm

Billon Follis, Nicomedia mint, 312 AD

3.6 grams, 21 mm, 180°

RIC VI 75b, S14860
1 commentsSPQR Coins
1739_PILLAR_8REALES.jpg
MEXICO - 8 Reales59 viewsMEXICO - Silver 8 Reales, 1739, Mexico City mint. Obv.: Crowned globes between crowned and ribboned pillars of Hercules, PLUS VLTRA on ribbons. *UTRAQUE VNUM * 1739 and Mexico City mintmarks each side of date. Rev.: Crowned arms of Spain; PHILIP.V.D.G.HISPAN.ET IND.REX*

*NOTE: The rough appearance is due to seawater. This piece was recovered from the Dutch East Indiaman "Hollandia", which sank off the Isles of Scilly on her maiden voyage from Amsterdam to Batavia in July 1743 with the loss of all hands. She was carrying a cargo of silver for trading in the Far East. Her displacement was approximately 700 tons, her length 150 feet, she carried about 40 guns. The wreck was discovered by divers in September, 1971.
dpaul7
MEXICO 1 REAL CHARLES III.jpg
MEXICO - Charles III30 viewsMEXICO - Charles III (1759-1788) AR 1 Real, 1774.
Obv.: CAROLUS III DEI GRATIA .1774. around bust of king right.
Rev.: HISPAN ET IND REX M 1 R F M around crowned arms of SPain flanked by pillars of Hercules.
Reference: KM-78.2
dpaul7
minima.jpg
Minima of Caesarea76 viewsCaesarea Maritima mint. AE 6 mm, 0.35 g. 2nd Century CE. Obverse: Bust (Hercules?) right. Reverse: Boar or wolf standing right. H. Hamburger "Minute Coins from Caesarea Maritima," (Atiqot vol. 1, 1954), #57. BCC m41.

This is one of the smallest coin types mentioned in Hamburger. Stunning black Caesarea-style patina. Coin much nicer in hand then in picture.

During the second century CE, a small unofficial mint in Caesarea, a city on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in modern-day Israel, was established to mint large quantities of small denominations, perhaps because there was a lack of small denominations in the region. These "minimai" are usually very crude imitations of earlier official issues. H. Hamburger estimated that only 1 in 10 minimai have identifiable designs due the excessive wear that is usually found on these coins.

Ex. Coll: J. Berlin, Caesarea series.
1 commentsAarmale
Sept_Sev_Nikopolis_ Moushmov2649.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 14. Septimius Severus, HrHJ (2018) 8.14.14.01 (plate coin)62 viewsSeptimius Severus AD 193-211
AE 27, 11.73g, 26.54mm, 225°
struck under governor Pollenius Auspex
obv. AV KAI CEP - CEVHPOC PER
laureate head right
rev. VPA POL AVCPIKOC NIKOPOLI PROC IC
Herakles, nude, stg. r., holding in l. hand lion's skin & bow, resting with r. hand on his club
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1257 (1 ex., Sofia)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2784
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.14.14.1 (plate coin)
Rare, VF
added to www.wildwinds.com

This is the type of the Hercules Defensor reverse in Rome and, apart from the bow, the Hercules of the Di Auspices coins, very probably representing those statues at Leptis Magna. It even may have appealed to Pollenius Auspex in that connection. (Pat Lawrence)
Jochen
nikopolis_sept_severus_AMNG1309.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 14. Septimius Severus, HrHJ (2018) 8.14.14.30 (plate coin)13 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 27, 11.97g, 26.55mm, 210°
struck under governor Aurelius Gallus
obv. AVT.L.CEPT - CEVHR PER
Head, laureate, r.
rev. VP AV[R GALLOV NIKOPOLIT]WN / PROC ICTR
beneath: the bow
The Cretan Bull with uplifted forelegs and raised tail prancing l.; Herakles, nude, running
beside him l., embracing with both hands the bull's head to subdue him; club on ground
behind Hercules’ right foot
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1309, pl. XVII, 24 (same rev.die)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2710 corr. (doesn't mention club and bow)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.14.14.30 (plate coin)
d) Voegtli type 4m; Stoll, Herakles 39 (same dies)
rare, F+

For more information please look at the thread 'Mythological interesting coins'
Jochen
Caracalla_1.jpg
Moesia Inferior, Nikopolis, Caracalla16 viewsCaracalla
Moesia Inferior, Nikopolis
Obv.: AΥ K M AΥΡH ANTΩ[NEINOC] bust right
Rev.: UP AUR GALLOU [NIK]OPOLITWN PROCIC, Hercules standing right, holding club and lion skin
Ref.: AMNG 1525 var., Varbanov 3040 var.
shanxi
Philippus_I_5.jpg
Moesia Inferior, Tomis, Philippus I and Otacila Severa, Hercules35 viewsPhilippus I and Otacila Severa
Moesia Inferior, Tomis
AE 26
Obv.: AVT M IOVΛ ΦIΛIΠΠOC AVΓ M / WTAK CEBH/PA CEB, draped and cuirassed bust of Philipp I and draped bust of Otacilia Severa wearing stephane
Rev.: MHTPOΠ ΠON-TOV TOMEΩC, Hercules standing facing with head left, right hand leaning on club, and lions skin hanging from the left arm.
AE, 12.95g, 25.8x26.8mm
Ref.: Varbanov-, AMNG-
Ex Münzhandlung Ritter
3 commentsshanxi
MarkianopolisCommodus.jpg
Moesia, Markianopolis. Commodus AE20. Nemean Lion.111 viewsObv: AVT KAI L AVP KOMODOC, laureate head right
Rev: MAPKIANOPOLEITWN, Hercules wrestling Nemean lion left.
2 commentsancientone
septsevnicHerc2.jpg
Moesia, Nicopolis. Septimius Severus AE19. Bust of Hercules35 viewsObv: AV KAI L CE - CEVHROC, laureate head r.
Rev: NIKOPOLITWN PROC ICTRO, bearded head of Herakles l.
Ref. a) not in AMNG.
b) not in Varbanov (engl.).
c) Hristova/Jekov (2009) 8.14.14.29 (same dies)
ancientone
CaraNikHerc.jpg
Moesia, Nikopolis. Caracalla AE18. Hercules23 viewsObv: M AY K ANTWNIN. Youthful bust of Caracalla r.
Rev: NIKOPO PROC ICT. Herakles standing r. leaning on club, lion skin draped over l.
AMNG I/1, 1498. Hristova/Jekov II 8.18.14.13. Varbanov 2914 corr.
ancientone
Lixus_in_Morocco.jpg
Morocco, Lixus64 viewsLixus is the site of an ancient Roman city located in Morocco just north of the modern seaport of Larache on the bank of the Loukkos River. The location was one of the main cities of the Roman province of Mauretania Tingitana .

Ancient Lixus is located on Tchemmich Hill on the right bank of the Loukkos River (other names: Oued Loukous; Locus River), just to the north of the modern seaport of Larache. The site lies within the urban perimeter of Larache, and about three kilometers inland from the mouth of the river and the Atlantic ocean. From its 80 meters above the plain the site dominates the marshes through which the river flows. To the north, Lixus is surrounded by hills which themselves are bordered to the north and east by a forest of cork oaks.

Among the ruins there are Roman baths, temples, 4th century walls, a mosaic floor, a Christian church and the intricate and confusing remains of the Capitol Hill.

Lixus was first settled by the Phoenicians in the 7th century BC and was later annexed by Carthage. Lixus was part of a chain of Phoenician/Carthaginian settlements along the Atlantic coast of modern Morocco; other major settlements further to the south are Chellah (called Sala Colonia by the Romans) and Mogador. When Carthage fell to Ancient Rome, Lixus, Chellah and Mogador became imperial outposts of the Roman province Mauretania Tingitana.

The ancient sources agree to make of Lixus a counter Phoenician, which is confirmed by the archaeological discovery of material dating from 8th century BC. It gradually grew in importance, later coming under Carthaginian domination. After the destruction of Carthage, Lixus fell to Roman control and was made an imperial colony, reaching its zenith during the reign of the emperor Claudius I (AD 41-54).

Some ancient Greek writers located at Lixus the mythological garden of the Hesperides, the keepers of the golden apples. The name of the city was often mentioned by writers from Hanno the Navigator to the Geographer of Ravenna, and confirmed by the legend on its coins and by an inscription. The ancients believed Lixus to be the site of the Garden of the Hesperides and of a sanctuary of Hercules, where Hercules gathered gold apples, more ancient than the one at Cadiz, Spain. However, there are no grounds for the claim that Lixus was founded at the end of the second millennium BC.

Lixus flourished during the Roman Empire, mainly when Claudius established a Roman Colonia with full rights for the citizens. Lixus was one of the few Roman cities in Berber Africa that enjoyed an amphitheater: the amphitheater at Lixus. In the third century Lixus become nearly fully Christian and there are even now the ruins of a paleochristian church overlooking the archeological area. The Arab invasions destroyed the Roman city. Some berber life was maintained there nevertheless until one century after the Islamic conquest of North Africa by the presence of a mosque and a house with patio with the covered walls of painted stuccos.

The site was excavated continuously from 1948 to 1969. In the 1960s, Lixus was restored and consolidated. In 1989, following an international conference which brought together many scientists, specialists, historians and archaeologists of the Mediterranean around the history and archaeology of Lixus, the site was partly enclosed. Work was undertaken to study the Roman mosaics of the site, which constitute a very rich unit. In addition to the vestiges interesting to discover the such mosaics whose one of sixty meters representing Poseidon. Lixus was on a surface of approximately 75 hectares (190 acres). The excavated zones constitute approximately 20% of the total surface of the site.

This site was added to the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List on July 1, 1995 in the Cultural category.
Joe Sermarini
IMAG0047mod.jpg
Morocco, Volubilis mosaic52 views Hercules 12 labours and adventuresFranz-Josef M
Mudie 30.JPG
Mudie 30. Visit of the Allied Sovereigns to England, 1814.74 viewsObv. Helmeted head of Britannia to left BRITANNIA J MUDIE D
Rev. Hercules standing holding trident, Temple of Janus behind, doors closed, prow of ship to right TEMPLVM JANI VISIT OF THE SOVEREIGNS OF RUSSIA AND PRUSSIA in Ex JUNE VI MDCCCXIV.

Issued to commemorate the visit of Czar Alexander of Russia and Friedrich Wilhelm II of Prussia to England in 1814 following Napoleon's exile to Elba and the cessation of hostilities.
1 commentsLordBest
foto9~0.jpg
MYSIA - LAMPSACUS 56 viewsEmisión póstuma en el nombre de ALEJANDRO III "MAGNO".
AR Dracma 16 mm 4.0 gr.

Anv: Cabeza de Herakles (Hércules) vistiendo piel de león. Gráfila de puntos.
Rev: "ALEΞANΔPOY" - Zeus Aëtophoros sentado en trono a izquierda, sosteniendo Aguila en mano derecha extendida y cetro en izquierda. Sus piernan cruzadas con la derecha hacia atrás. Monograma "KI" en campo izq.

Acuñación: 323 - 315 A.C.
Ceca: Lampsacus - Mysia

Referencias: Price #1398 - Müller #823
mdelvalle
IMG_2453.JPG
Neptune, Apollo, Cybele, Luna, Mercury, Hephaestus, Helios, Mars, Venus, Hercules, Bacchus118 viewsPallazo AltempsJohny SYSEL
Roma_Lent_Mar.jpg
P. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus - AR denarius18 viewsRome
²97 BC
¹100 BC
bust of Hercules right from behind, wearing lion's skin, club over shoulder; shield left
· / G / ·
Roma facing wearing helmet, holding spear is crowned by Genius standing left, holding wreath and cornucopia, all within laurel wreath
· / G / ·
LE(NT)·(MAR)·F
¹Crawford 329/1b, RSC I Cornelia 25a, Syd 604a
²Mark Passehl - Roman moneyer & coin type chronology, 150 – 50 BC
4,0g
ex Aurea
1 commentsJohny SYSEL
0105.jpg
P. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus M.f., Denarius7 viewsP. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus M.f., Denarius

RRC 329/1a
100 bc

Av: Bust of Hercules seen from behind, with head turned to r. and club over shoulder; on l., shield and control letter; below, ROMA
Rv: Roma helmeted and standing facing, holding spear; to r., male figure crowning her and holding cornucopiae; between, control letter; in ex. LENT MAR F; laurel wreath as border


Ex Bertolami Fine arts, Auction 24, Numismatics, London, 23.06.2016, #420
Norbert
150.jpg
P. Lentulus Marceli – Cornelia-2517 viewsROMAN REPUBLIC. P. Lentulus Marceli, 100 BC. AR Denarius (3.83 gm). Bust of Hercules with club, shield above, dolphin behind, control mark T / Roma standing, crowned by the Genius of the Roman People all in wreath, control mark T . Cornelia25; Cr.329/1b; RCV 208; Sydenham 604Bud Stewart
lentmarcel~0.jpg
P. LENTULUS MARCELLINUS24 viewsAR denarius. 100 BC. 3.08grs. 4h. Bareheaded bust of a young Hercules right, seen from behind, wearing lion skin and holding club. Behind, shield and symbol ( dot above R ). ROMA
below / Genius of the Roman People, holding wreath and cornucopia. symbol (dot above R ) between them. Below LENT MAR F ( NT and MAR lígate).All within wreath.
Crawford 329/1a. RSC Cornelia 25.
Ex A.McCabe collection. Roma Numismatics e-sale 13,lot 340.
benito
lentmarcel.jpg
P.Lentulus Marcellinus19 viewsAR denarius. 100 BC. 3.08grs. 4h. Bareheaded bust of a young Hercules right, seen from behind, wearing lion skin and holding club. Behind, shield and symbol ( dot above R ). ROMA
below / Genius of the Roman People, holding wreath and cornucopia. symbol (dot above R ) between them. Below LENT MAR F ( NT and MAR lígate).All within wreath.
Crawford 329/1a. RSC Cornelia 25.
Ex A.McCabe collection. Roma Numismatics e-sale 13,lot 340.
benito
B-commodus_01_1.jpg
Paduan Cast Copy of Commodus AE Medallion49 viewsObv: M COMMODVS ANTONINVS PIVS FELIX AVG BRIT - Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust r.
Rev: HERC COMMODIANO P M TR P XVI IMP VIII - Hercules, in the guise of Commodus, standing l., holding cornucopiae and sacrificing out of patera over lighted altar, at the side of which rests his club; to l., a tree from which hang the lion’s skin and the quiver. In exergue, COS VI P P.
Cat #: Cohen.176 (original)
Year: 191 AD (original)
1 commentsoa
s38~0.JPG
Perinthus; Trajan58 viewsThrace, Perinthus, Trajan AD 98 -117 Æ 21 mm. 3.8 gm. Obv: Laureate bust right, drapery on far shoulder.Rev: Lion skin draped over club of Hercules. Arkadien Numismata RPC3 705; Varbonov 48. Very Rare.2 commentsecoli
philippines_1885.jpg
PHILIPPINES - Spanish Rule - Alfonso XII26 viewsPHILIPPINES - Spanish Rule - Alfonso XII (1874-1885) AR 50 Centavos (30mm, 12.88 g, 11h). Manila mint. Dated 1885/3. ALFONSO XII POR LA G · DE DIO * 1885 *, head right / REY CONSTL DE ESPAÑA * 50 Cs DE PESO *, crowned coat of arms, flanked by Pillars of Hercules with ribbons inscribed PLUS ULTRA. ME 17565; KM 150. dpaul7
88DE03ED-E3F7-4B23-B529-E8DE58CE78C1.jpeg
PHOENICIA, Tyre.10 views PHOENICIA, Tyre. Pseudo-autonomous issue.
Laureate head of Meqart-Hercules right, with lion skin tied around neck; star to lower right / Club upright; Phoenician legend across lower field; all within wreath.
ecoli
PISIDIA_SELGE_HERAKLES_HERCULES_BRONZE_ASIA_THUNDERBOLT_BLITZ.jpg
PISIDIA SELGE HERAKLES HERCULES BRONZE ASIA THUNDERBOLT BLITZ 11 viewsPISIDIA, SELGE
2nd-1st cent BC ( 3,86 g. - 12 mm)
Vs: Head of bearded Herakles right, club over shoulder.
Rs: Thunderbolt.
SNG France 1979. _e13
Antonivs Protti
SelgeCaracalla.jpg
Pisidia, Selge. Caracalla AE17. 43 viewsObv: Caracalla bust r.
Rev: CЄLG ЄWN. Winged thunderbolt, club of Hercules above, bow below.
SNG Pfalzere Privatsammlungen 451

Selge (Seruk), on the Eurymedon, above Aspendus, claimed a Lacedaemonian origin, and was from early times the most important city in Pisidia.
ancientone
coin121.JPG
Postumus3 viewsPostumus AR Antoninianus. 259-268 AD.

IMP C POSTVMVS dot P dot F dot AVG, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right / HERC DEVSONIENSI, / HERC DEVSONIENSI,
Hercules standing right, leaning on club, holding lion's skin and bow. Elmer 187, Cohen 91v.
ecoli
coin9.jpg
Postumus13 viewsPostumus AR Antoninianus. IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right / HERC PACIFERO, Hercules standing right, holding olive branch & club. RIC 67, RSC 101, Sear5 10946.simmurray
2.jpg
Postumus28 viewsSuperb bust left, with features of Hercules1 commentsSTEPHANE R
247_Postumus_67.jpg
Postumus - BI antoninianus24 viewsTrier
262 AD
Issue 2
radiate draped cuirassed bust right
IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG
Hercules standing left, holding branch and club with lion's skin
HERC_PACIFERO
RIC V-II Lyons 67; RSC 101; Sear'88 #3112
3,97g 23-22mm
Johny SYSEL
postumus-hercules.jpg
Postumus - Hercules26 viewsRoman Imperial, Postumus (260-269 AD) BI Antoninianus, Lugdunum mint, 2.4g, 22.0mm

Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right.

Reverse: HERC PACIFERO, Hercules standing right, holding olive branch & club. "Herculean Pacification"

Reference: RIC V-II Lyons 67, RSC 101, Sear5 10946.

Ex: Holding History Coins +photo
Gil-galad
2-post.jpg
Postumus - RIC 6421 viewsPostumus AR Antoninianus.
Cologne mint.
IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
HERC DEVSONIENSI, Hercules standing right leaning on club.
Cohen 91, Sear5 10944.
xokleng
0005.jpg
Postumus AR Antoninianus102 viewsMint city I=Trier, 263-265 AD.
IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ HERC DEVSONIENSI, Hercules standing left, leaning on club and holding lion's skin; all within tetrastyle temple. RIC V 66, RSC 98a.
1 commentsPostumus
la_postumus_13.jpg
Postumus Double Sestertius HERC DEVSONENSI42 viewsPostumus "double Sestertius", 260-269 AD, Cologne.
Obv: IMP C M CASS LAT POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: HERC DEVSONIENSI, naked Hercules standing right, holding lion skin and bow left and leaning on club right.
29-30 mm, 13.35 g
Bastien 104
grade: by wear: aVF/F, bit rough.
1 commentscliff_marsland
Postumus HERC DEUSONENSI RIC 66.jpg
Postumus HERC DEVSONENSI RIC V/2 6648 viewsAnt, 23mm, 3.82g.

Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: HERC DEVSONENSI, Hercules standing R leaning on club and holding bow and lion's skin.

Trier, Officina A, Issue 1.

RIC 66, Common.
Robert_Brenchley
Postumus_Herc_Pacifero_RIC_5b_67.jpg
Postumus Herc Pacifero RIC 5b 674 viewsPostumus, Antoninianus, 262 AD, Lugdunum, 3.47g, 22mm, RIC 5b 67
OBV: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right
REV: HERC PACIFERO, Hercules standing left, olive branch in right hand,
club and lions skin in left
SRukke
Postumus HERC PACIFERO RIC 67.jpg
Postumus HERC PACIFERO RIC V/2 67148 viewsAnt, 21mm, 3.65g.

Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: HERC PACIFERO, Hercules standing L with club, branch and lion skin.

Trier, Officina A, Issue 2.

RIC 67, Common.

Robert_Brenchley
Postumus_Hercules_RIC_5b_67.jpg
Postumus Hercules RIC 5b 674 viewsPostumus, Antoninianus, Lugdunum, 260 - 265 AD, Sear 10946, RSC 101, RIC 5b 67
OBVERSE: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
REVERSE: HERC PACIFERO, Hercules standing right, holding olive branch and club
lion skin in left
SRukke
Postumus_Hercules_RIC_64.jpg
Postumus Hercules RIC 6418 viewsPOSTUMUS, Silver Antoninianus, Lugdunum, 260 - 269 AD, 23mm, 4.32g, RCV 10944, RIC Vb pg., 342 64
OBV: IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right
REV: HERC DEVSONIENSI, Hercules standing right, resting on club, with bow and lion skin
Romanorvm
Postumus_RIC_67.JPG
Postumus, 260 - 269 AD30 viewsObv: IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Postumus facing right.

Rev: HERC PACIFERO, Hercules, standing left, holding an olive branch, club and lion's skin.

Billon Antoninianus, Cologne mint, 260 - 265 AD

3.9 grams, 21.8 mm, 45°

RIC Vii 67, RSC 101, S10946
SPQR Matt
IMG_0514.jpg
Postumus, cast double sestertius, uncertain mint, reverse HERC PACIFERO 13 views[...] LAT POSTVMVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
HERC PACIFERO, Hercules standing left holding branch, club and lionskin

Casting seams evident on the edge.
Adrianus
abm_postumus_irreg_hercules.jpg
Postumus, irregular radiate, silvered, reverse VIRTVS AVG with Hercules standing.12 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
VIRTVS AVG, Hercules standing.
A silvered copy with the surfaces breaking through to the copper alloy core in places.
Adrianus
abm_postumus_left_facer.jpg
Postumus, Principal mint, Normanby -16 viewsPOSTVMVS AVG, Radiate bust left, club over right shoulder, lionskin over left shoulder.
PAX AVG, Pax standing left.
Normanby -
A very rare issue with Postumus bedecked in the attributes of Hercules.
Adrianus
Postumus.jpg
Postumus, Silver antoninianus.58 viewsPostumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.
Silver antoninianus, RIC V 67, Cohen 101, EF/VF, 3.673g, 22.9mm, 0o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, obverse IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse HERC PACIFERO, Hercules standing left, olive branch in right, club and lion skin in left;

EX; FORVM Ancient Coins Auction.

*With my sincere thank and appreciation . Photo and Description , courtesy of FORVM Ancient Coins Staff.

From the Sam Mansourati collection.
3 commentsSam
abm_postumus_sest_hercules_temple.jpg
Postumus, so-called 'Atelier II', double sestertius, Bastien nos. 167-8, 217 & 231.59 views[...], Radiate bust right.
HERC DEVSONIENSI, Hercules in temple.
A large radiate sestertius-sized coin from Postumus' 'Atelier II'. Struck using the same obverse die as his nos. 168a-c.
Adrianus
price_3640.JPG
Price 3640 31 viewsAlexander issue struck just prior to 323. Hercules club to left. M to the left. Monogram under throne. Stacks Bowers Jan 2016 NY auction lot 31045. Jan 8 2016. Incorrectly attributed as a Price 3683.Chance Vandal
price_3765.JPG
Price 376534 viewsSeleukos so 311-305. MI to the left Hercules club to the left Seleucid monogram wreath under the throne. Basileus under the monogram.1 commentsChance Vandal
00410q00.jpg
Probus17 viewsAE-Antoninianus
VIRTVS PROBI AVG; Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, holding spear.
ERCVLI PACIF; Hercules standing left, holding olive-branch, club and lion’s skin.
Ex: VXXT
Ticinum
RIC 376var.
Julianus of Pannonia
00451q00.jpg