Classical Numismatics Discussion Members' Gallery
  Welcome Guest. Please login or register.

Members' Gallery Home | Member Collections | Last Added | Last Comments | Most Viewed | Top Rated | My Favorities | Search Galleries
Search results - "Etruscian"
BILD0227mod.jpg
Italy, Populonia - Etruscian necropole143 viewsThis Etruscian necropole is near the town Piombino in the Toscana Italy, this graves are from the 3-2 century before christ.Franz-Josef M
BILD0305mod.jpg
Italy, Populonia - Content of an etruscian grave 153 viewsIn the museum of Piombino there is a Replica of an grave of the Populonia necropole, with the original content of this grave.Franz-Josef M
BILD0221mod.jpg
Italy, Populonia - necropole165 views2nd century BC - etruscian necropole, the content of all graves is robbed before the scientist could explore those, except the one at the bottom. the content of this grave could now be seen in the museum of piombino.Franz-Josef M
494,43_L__Mussidius_Longus.jpg
L. Mussidius Longus - AR denarius9 viewsRome
42 BC
radiate draped bust of Sol facing slightly right
two statues of Venus Cloacina standing on platform
L∑MVSSIDIVS∑LONGVS
CLOACIN
Crawford 494/43, RSC I Mussidia 7, Sydenham 1094, SRCV I 495
3,4g
ex Lanz

"The rev. shows the shrine of Venus Cloacina whose fundaments could be seen today on the Forum Romanum in Rome at the South side of the basilica Aemilia. This sanctuary is one of the oldest on the Forum. It is so old that even the Romans didn't understand its real meaning and invented myths to explain it. Cloacina probably is derived from the ancient Latin word 'cluere', meaning 'to purify'.

After the rape of the Sabin women a war broke out between the Romans and the Sabins. The raped women bravely went between their fathers and their new husbands ans so stopped the slaughter. A reconciliation should have been occured at this very place with an expiation and purification (cluere!) ritual. There Myrtles had played an important role. It is said that they were found here and they were used for purification because they should have great purification power. Furthermore they were sacred to Venus, the ancestor of the Romans.

Then at this place Vergina or Virginia, the beautiful daughter of Lucius Virgineus, a plebeian centurio, was killed by him to avoid the shame to become the slave of the tyrannic decemvir Appius Claudius Crassus. Appius Claudius was fallen in love to her and claimed that she was the daughter of a slave who had escaped from him. Due to the rigorous Laws of the Twelve Tables then she too was his property. This murder led to the abolishment of the decemviri (449 BC) and Lucius Virgineus became the first elected tribune. This story probably based on the myth of Lucretia who was raped by the son of king Tarquinius Superbus and because of that commited suicided. This event was the end of the Etruscian kings in Rome and the begin of the Roman Republic.

The sanctuary of Venus Cloacina marks the place where the Cloaca Maxima reaches the Forum and takes the river Velabro. This river was the frontier between the region of the Romans and the Sabins where now the adversary parties have made peace. ... The sanctuary was not roofed but made by a round embracing wall and two cult statues. Originally it was probably the shrine of Cloacina. The origin of her cult and the erection of her sanctuary probably belongs to the the first period of the history of the Cloaca Maxima, either of the time of its construction or of the time of an important renovation even though the tradition ascribed it to Titus Tatius. In the course of time Cloacina was identified with Venus and called Venus Cloacina. In doing so the fact could have played a role that the myrtles were sacred to Venus. So this myth, the reconciliation of the Romans and the Sabins, could be the attempt to explain these unknown connection. ..." from Jochen's Coins of mythological interest
Johny SYSEL
domitian_191.jpg
Minerva271 viewsDomitian 81 - 96
AR - Denar, 3.62g, 18mm
AD 95/96
obv. IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TRP XV
laureate head r.
rev. IMP XXII COS XVII CENS P PP
Minerva standing r. on columna rostrata(!), brandishing
javelin and and holding shield; owl at her feet; below two
figures (Jupiter and worshipping figure, ref. to Curtis Clay)
RIC II, 191; C.293
EF
MINERVA, a war-goddess and also patron of wisdom and handicraft.
One of the 'Capitoline Triad', with Jupiter and Juno a grouping certainly of
Etruscian origin. Her bird is the owl, head covered with a helmet.
Jochen
nerva_24.jpg
Nerva RIC II, 2457 viewsNerva 96 - 98
AR - Denar, 3.08g, 17mm
Rome Jan. - Sep. 97
obv. IMP NERVA CAES - AVG PM TR POT
laureate head r.
rev. COS III PATER PATRIAE
priestly implement
RIC II, 24; C.48
about EF, mint luster

Priestly implement (from l.):
1 SIMPULUM, a small ladle made of earthenware for sprinkling holy water,
symbol of the Pontifices
2 ASPERGILLUM, word of the Christian church to describe a whisk
3 GUTTUS, a narrow-necked jug, container for liquids used in religious
ceremonies, Etruscian origin
4 LITUUS, a short curved staff, hooked at the end, used by the Augures
to mark out holy areas, Etruscian origin(?)
Jochen
   
6 files on 1 page(s)