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Search results - "Dress"
CLAUDIUS-1.jpg
81 viewsCLAUDIUS I - As - 42/54 AD - Mint of Rome
Obv.: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP P P
Bare head left
Rev.: CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI S C
Constantia, helmeted and in military dress, standing left, holding long spear in left hand.
Cohen 14, Sear RCV 1858
g. 10 mm. 29,9
1 commentsMaxentius
NERO-6.jpg
41 viewsNERO - Billon Tetradrachm of Alexandria - Year 12=65/66 AD.
Obv.:NERΩ KΛAΥ KAIΣ ΣEB ΓER, radiate bust right, wearing aegis
Rev.: AΥTOKPA, draped bust of Alexandria right in elephant skin headdress, LIB to right.
Gs. 12,65 mm. 26,9
Milne 238, Emmett 109

Maxentius
ANTON-4.jpg
42 viewsANTONINVS PIVS - As - 145/161
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS IIII, laureate head right
Rev.: PIETAS AVG S-C, Pietas standing left holding patera in r. hand, left arm in fold of dress.
Gs. 12,7 mm. 26,5
RIC 823

Maxentius
5.jpg
30 viewsPOPPAEA
Neros Wife
Perinthus in thrace

Poppaea (Nero's wife) from Perinthus in Thrace; on the left is a head dress in a wreath (rotated in your picture) and on the right her portrait.

+Alexios
coin630.jpg
24 viewsLooks to me like a *very* beat-up Macedonian Alex III
'standard' type - Alexander in lion-skin headdress on
obverse, bow-case and club on reverse with some
inscription (often ALEXANDROY) in between them.
This might be the 1/2-size of the typical 5-7gm
20mm piece. Coin #630
cars100
alexander_the_great.jpg
109 viewsAR drachm (4.26 gm), Lampsacus, ca. 310/9 - 309/8 BC.
Obverse: Head of young Heracles right in lion skin headdress.
Reverse: Zeus entroned left, holding eagle and sceptor, race torch under throne.
Ex:Freeman and Sear Mail Bid Sale 13, lot 696
6 commentspaul1888
severus_alexander_ric_IVb_225.jpg
21 viewsSEVERUS ALEXANDER
Denarius
19.3 mm, 3.1 grams

OBV: IMP SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate head right
REV: VIRTVS AVG, Emperor in military dress, walking right, carrying spear and trophy.
RIC-IVb-225
ziggy9
v5a~0.jpg
22 viewsValentinian I AE3
Obverse: DN VALENTINIAN VS PF AVG, pearl diademed, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: GLORIA ROMANORVM, Emperor in military dress advancing right, head left, holding labarum and dragging captive behind.
Right field- star over A
D Gamma SISC in ex. 18.8 mm., 1.8 g.
NORMAN K
Hadrian_Denarius_Africa.jpg
21 viewsHadrian Travel Series AR Den. 3.46 gm. AFRICA reclining l. holding scorpion & cornucopia, basket of fruit at feet, elephant-trunk headdress. RIC 299 paul1888
j100.jpg
Julian II RIC 100, Heraclea 355-360 CE25 viewsObverse: DN IVLIA-NVS NOB C, bare-headed, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: SPES REI-PVBLIC, emperor helmeted in military dress, standing left, holding globe and spear.
SMHD in ex. Heraclea mint. 17.4 mm., 1.8 g.
NORMAN K
jkl4.jpg
Valentinian I, RIC VII 5a Siscia, 364-376 CE39 viewsValentinian I AE3
Obverse: DN VALENTINIAN VS PF AVG, pearl diademed, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: GLORIA ROMANORVM, Emperor in military dress advancing right, head left, holding labarum and dragging captive behind.
Right field- star over A
D Gamma SISC in ex. 18.8 mm., 1.8 g.
NORMAN K
Gordian_III_5.jpg
1 Gordian III12 viewsGordian III
Ant 4.1g

Obverse: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right.

Reverse: PM TR P III COS II PP, Gordian in military dress, standing right with spear & globe.

RIC IV-3 91; Cohen 242; Sear (5) 8644
Sosius
Gordian_RIC_71.jpg
1 Gordian III23 viewsGORDIAN III
AR Antonianus, Rome Mint
240 AD

O: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

R: VIRTVS AVG, Virtus standing front, head left, in military dress, holding branch and spear, shield resting against right foot

RIC IV-3 71; Cohen 388; Sear (5) 8669
Sosius
Gordian_RIC_71_no_2.jpg
1 Gordian III16 viewsGORDIAN III
AR Antonianus, Rome Mint
240 AD

O: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

R: VIRTVS AVG, Virtus standing front, head left, in military dress, holding branch and inverted spear, shield resting against right foot

RIC IV-3 71 (var. due to inverted spear?); Cohen 388; Sear (5) 8669
Sosius
Gordian_RIC_306a.jpg
1 Gordian III10 viewsGordian III
AE Sestertius, Rome Mint
240 AD

O: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, bust r.

R: PM TR P III COS II PP SC, Emperor standing right in military dress, holding transverse spear and globe

RIC IV-3, 305
Sosius
Gordian_III_Rsc_91.jpg
1 Gordian III12 viewsGORDIAN III
AR Antonianus, Rome Mint
241-243 AD

O: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG

R: PM TR P III COS II PP, Emperor standing right in military dress, holding transverse spear and globe

RIC IV-3 91; Cohen 242; Sear (5) 8644
Sosius
Aurelian_RIC_63_Rome.jpg
3 Aurelian29 viewsAURELIAN
AE Antoninianus, Rome Mint, Late 274 A.D.
IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed / ORIENS AVG, Sol stg. facing, head l., with r. hand raised and holding globe in l. hand; at feet, on each side, a bound and std. captive, both head turned back; the captive on the l. is in oriental dress, the captive on the r. is bearded and in Gallic costume. ∈XXIR in emerge.
RIC temp 1795: http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/coin/1795
1 commentsSosius
001638_l.jpg
7 Maxentius54 viewsMAXENTIUS
AE Follis (24-27 mm, 5.96 g)
Aquileia Mint, late Summer 307.

O: IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG, Laureate head right.

R: CONSERV VRB SVAE, Roma seated l. on shield in tetrastyle temple, r. handing globe to Maxentius (in military dress, stading r.), l. hand holding sceptre; seated captive between;

Victories as acroteria; she-wolf and twins in pediment; AQP in ex.

RIC VI Aquileia 113.

Dark patina. Extremely fine.

Ex Auctiones GmbH
3 commentsSosius
VESPSE06-2.jpg
70 AD: Vespasian - Defeat of the Jewish revolt and fall of Jerusalem345 viewsSestertius (28.6g, 37mm, 6h). Roman mint. Struck AD 71.
IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM TR P P COS III laureate head right
IVDAEA CAPTA / S C [in ex.] Judaea seated, in attidue of sorrow, at the foot of a palm tree; behind Vespasian standing in military dress holding spear and parazonium; left foot on a helmet.
RIC 427 (scarce); BMC 543; Cohen 239
1 commentsCharles S
conmarti.jpg
Constantine I, RIC VII 124 Ticinum19 viewsObverse: IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: MARTI CONSERVATORI, Mars in military dress standing right with spear in hand with point on ground and his left hand on shield set on the ground, cloak across right shoulder. .
19. mm., 2.5 g. Mintmark: S dot T Ticinum mint.
NORMAN K
diocletian13.jpg
Diocletian RIC 13b, Heraclea, 300-301 CE.23 viewsDiocletian AE 20 post reform radiate
Obverse: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiate head right.
Reverse: CONCORDIA MILI-TVM, Diocletian standing right in military dress, holding parazonium, receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter who is leaning on sceptre. HB in lower center.
23.2 mm., 4.0 g
NORMAN K
Macedonian_Kingdom,_Alexander_III_The_Great,_AR_teradrachm_Amphipolis_Mint~0.jpg
Kings of Macedon, Alexander III the Great, 336-323 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Amphipolis Mint under Antipater91 viewsHead of Herakles right, wearing lion skin headdress.
AΛEΞANΔPOY Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; janiform head vase in left field. Graffiti in upper left field - Aramaic kaph (k) and sadhe (s).

Price 6; Troxell, Studies, Issue A3; SNG Cop 660; Muller 853.
Struck at Amphipolis in the period 332-329 BC.

(29 mm, 17.15 g, 2h)

This is one of the first emissions of Alexander’s coinage struck in his homeland, albeit about three years after he departed for Asia Minor. Recent scholarship places the start of Alexander’s distinctive coinage in 333/2 BC at Tarsos, in eastern Asia Minor, shortly after which the design was transferred to Macedonia where Alexander’s coinage was struck under the authority of his regent in Greece, Antipater. Die studies indicate that this coin was from the fourth tetradrachm emission of a mint in Macedonia, most probably Amphipolis. It was most probably struck in the period 332-329 BC. The Aramaic graffiti on the reverse, plus the obverse reverse rim test cut are pointers to the likelihood that this coin travelled beyond its location of issue in Macedonia, into the eastern Mediterranean where Aramaic was the main spoken language.
3 commentsn.igma
coins54.JPG
Laodicea ad Mare; Antonius Pius20 viewsAntoninus Pius Æ 25mm of Laodicea ad Mare. Dated year 188=140-141 AD. AVTO KAI TI AILI ADPI ANTWNEINOC CEB, laureate & draped bust left / IOVLIEWN TWN KAI LAODIKEWN, bust of Tyche as city goddess left, wearing headdress of gateway, turret, lighthouse and walls; KO to left, HP P to right (date).ecoli
ao.jpg
Macedonia, Alexander III The Great Tetradrachm, c. 325-320 BC187 viewsAR Tetradrachm, 17.190g

Obv: Bust of Alexander as Herakles r., wearing lion-skin headdress.

Rx: Zeus seated l. on throne; ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ in exergue, AΛEΧANΔΡOY in r. field; wreath in l. field, ΔΙ beneath throne

References: Price-2949

Mint: Side

ex Harlan J. Berk
7 commentsDino
greek3.jpg
Macedonia, Alexander III, Ar drachm31 viewsPrice 1382 / 310-301 BC
obv: Head of young Heraclea r. wearing lion-skin headdress
rev: ALEXANDROU Zues enthrond l. holding eagle and scepter forpart of
Pegasus l. monogram NO below throne
hill132
maxmin.jpg
Maximianus I, RIC 292 Lugdunum16 viewsMAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS, 286-305
Obverse: IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: COMES - AVGG / C Minerva, wearing long dress, mantle and helmet, standing facing, head turned left., holding shield with her left hand, lance with her right hand.
RIC 292, 23.9 mm., 3.2 g.
NORMAN K
greek7.jpg
Thermai Himerensis,Sicily. AE 1617 viewsGross 2311 / SNG ANS 190 / 407-406 BC
obv: bust of Hera r. wearing stephane drp.r.
rev: bust of Herakles r. with lion-skin headdress
hill132
ThoriusBalbus.jpg
#L. Thorius Balbus. 105 BC. AR Denarius32 viewsRome mint. ISMR behind, head of Juno Sospita right, wearing goat skin headdress / L THORIVS below, BALBVS in exergue, bull charging right.

"The obverse refers to the the cult of Juno Sospita at Lanuvium, the moneyer's birthplace. The reverse is likely a play on the moneyer's name (Taurus sounds like Thorius). Cicero described L. Thorius Balbus as a man who lived in such a manner that there was not a single pleasure, however refined or rare, that he did not enjoy. This is one of the most common republican denarii." -- Roman Silver Coins edited by David Sear and Robert Loosley
ancientone
00069x00.jpg
38 viewsEGYPT, Antinoöpolis
PB Tessera (21mm, 4.14 g, 4 h)
Dated year 2 of an uncertain era
Confronted busts of Antinous, draped and wearing hem-hem crown, and Isis, draped and wearing headdress; [L] B flanking
Nilus reclining left on hippopatumus, holding cornucopia and reeds
Milne -; Milne, Memphis p. 115; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln 3569-70; Rostovtsev & Prou 665-6; Roma 6 (29 September 2013), lot 923-4
Ardatirion
00035x00.jpg
69 viewsUNITED STATES TOKENS. Civil War. Wooster, Ohio. J.R. Bowman.
CU Token (19mm, 3.57 g, 2 h)
Dated 1863
Head of Liberty left, wearing feathered headdress inscribed LIBERTY, within circle of thirteen stars, 1863 below
J. R. BOWMAN/ DEALER/ IN/ WATCHES/ CLOCKS/ &/ JEWELRY/ WEST LIBERTY ST./ WOOSTER, O., clock hands in background
Rulau CWT 975B-3a
1 commentsArdatirion
973330.jpg
32 viewsBRITISH TOKENS, Tudor. temp. Mary–Edward VI.1553-1558.
PB Token (27mm, 5.29 g). St. Nicholas (‘Boy Bishop’) type. Cast in East Anglia (Bury St. Edmund’s?)
Mitre, croizer to right; all within border
Long cross pattée with trefoils in angles; scrollwork border
Rigold, Tokens class X.B, 1; Mitchiner & Skinner group Ra, 1

Ex Classical Numismatic Review XXXIX.1 (Spring 2014), no. 973330

Britain in the late middle ages played host to a popular regional variant of the ‘Feast of Fools’ festival. Every year on the feast of St. Nicholas, a boy was elected from among the local choristers to serve as ‘bishop.’ Dressed in mitre and bearing the croizer of his office, the young boy paraded through the city accompanied by his equally youthful ‘priest’ attendants. The ‘bishop’ performed all the ceremonies and offices of the real bishop, save for the actual conducting of mass. Though this practice was extinguished with the Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1539, it was briefly revived under Queen Mary, who took particular interest in the festival, when the lucky boy was referred to as ‘Queen Mary’s Child.’ The celebration of the boy bishop died out completely early in the reign of Elizabeth.

Evidence of this custom is particularly prevalent in East Anglia, specifically at Bury St. Edmunds. Beginning in the late 15th century, the region produced numerous lead tokens bearing the likeness of a bishop, often bearing legends relating to the festival of St. Nicholas. Issued in sizes roughly corresponding to groats, half groats, and pennies, these pieces were undoubtedly distributed by the boy bishop himself, and were likely redeemable at the local abbey or guild for treats and sweetmeats. Considering the endemic paucity of small change in Britain at the time, it is likely that, at least in parts of East Anglia, these tokens entered circulation along with the other private lead issues that were becoming common.
Ardatirion
hadrian_isis_egypt.jpg
(0117) HADRIAN40 views117-138 AD
(struck 133-134 AD)
Æ Drachm 34 mm 21.58 gm
O: laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right;
R: Isis Pharia standing right, wearing chiton, peplos and headdress of horns, disk and plumes, billowing sail in both hands and under left foot, sistrum in right; I / L - H across lower fields (year 18)
Alexandria, Roman Egypt
SNG Cop. 384; BMC Alexandria p. 89, 754 var; Köln.1118
laney
a_pius_laodic_ad_mare_res.jpg
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS22 views138 - 161 AD
AE 23 mm; 8.11 g
O:Laureate head right
R: Bust of Tyche as city goddess left, wearing headdress of gateway, turret, lighthouse and walls
Syria, Laodicea ad Mare
laney
a_pius_tyche_laodic.jpg
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS13 views138-161 AD
Struck 140 – 141 AD
AE 24.5 mm, 9.54 g
O: Laureate and draped bust left.
R:Bust of Tyche as city goddess left, wearing headdress of gateway, turret, lighthouse and walls; KO to left, HP P to right (date).
SYRIA, Seleucis and Pieria, Laodikea ad Mare mint; cf BMC 64
laney
L_VERUS_PROF_1B_RES~0.jpg
(0161) LUCIUS VERUS60 views161 - 169 AD
AE 22.5 mm 3.84 g
O: IMP CAES L AVREL VERVS AVG, laureate head right
R: PROFECTIO AVG TR P III [COS II], Lucius Verus in military dress on horseback right, holding spear in right
Rome RIC III 1356; rare
laney
COMMODUS_HERC.jpg
(0177) COMMODUS37 views177 - 192 AD
AE 24 mm 10.71 g
O: Commodus as Hercules, in lion skin headdress
R: HER-CVL/RO-MAN/AV-VG/S-C in 4 lines with Club in center, within laurel wreath
Rome; RIC III 644
laney
commodus_horse_anchial_b.jpg
(0177) COMMODUS--ANCHIALOS39 views177 - 192 AD
struck ca. 191 - 192 AD, issued by Caecilius Servilianus, Legatus Augusti pro praetore provinciae Thraciae
Æ 29.5 mm; 6.90 g
O: ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ Λ ΑΥΡ - ΚΟΜΟΔΟC , laureate-headed bust of Commodus wearing cuirass and paludamentum, facing right; two countermarks in ovals: helmeted head of Athena, and DX
R: ΗΓ ΚΑΙ CΕΡΟΥΙΛΙΑΝΟΥ ΑΓΧΙΑΛΕΩΝ , emperor (Commodus) on horseback, r., wearing military dress, holding spear.
Thrace, Anchialos
Ref. cf AMNG 441, pl. VI. 16 (rev.) ; RPC online coin type temporary № 4532 (2 pieces listed) but described as "galloping" ; Moushmov 2799; rare
1 commentslaney
geta_res.jpg
(0198) GETA49 views198 - 212 AD
Struck 209 AD*
AE 29.5 mm 14.99 g
O: AVT K P CEP MIOC GETA laureate head right
R: PAVTA (right) LIAC (below) OVLPIAC (left) Septimius, togate, handing globe to Geta, in military dress, laureate, holding a spear. Between them, a seated captive, hands tied behind back, wearing Phrygian cap.
Pautalia
Varbanov 5404, same dies as this specimen.
Ruzicka, Pautalia 909, recording five specimens from two reverse dies. The reverse he illustrates, pl. VII, is from the same die as this specimen.
Very Rare
*(Geta is Augustus on the obverse, so reverse type probably refers to his promotion to joint emperor late in 209)
laney
geta_pautalia_-_Copyb.jpg
(0198) GETA30 views198 - 212 AD
Struck 209 AD*
AE 29.5 mm 14.99 g
O: AVT K P CEP MIOC GETA laureate head right
R: PAVTA (right) LIAC (below) OVLPIAC (left) Septimius, togate, handing globe to Geta, in military dress, laureate, holding a spear. Between them, a seated captive, hands tied behind back, wearing Phrygian cap.
Pautalia
Varbanov 5404, same dies as this specimen.
Ruzicka, Pautalia 909, recording five specimens from two reverse dies. The reverse he illustrates, pl. VII, is from the same die as this specimen.
Very Rare
*(Geta is Augustus on the obverse, so reverse type probably refers to his promotion to joint emperor late in 209)
laney
clau_goth_cos_res.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS18 views268 - 270 AD
AE 19 mm, 2.08 g
O: IMP CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: P M TR P Ii COS P P, Claudius standing right, in military dress, transverse spear in right, globe in left D in right field
RIC V 12
laney
constantius_captives_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II40 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 21.5 mm 4.87 g
O: D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust left, holding globe in right hand.
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor in military dress standing left, holding labarum and resting left hand on shield; two captives kneeling before; ANA in exe
Antioch mint; RIC VIII 125
laney
constans_prow_tesa_res.jpg
(0333) CONSTANS30 views337-350 A.D.
AE 19 mm; 2.55 g
O: D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right;
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor in military dress standing left on galley, Phoenix on globe in right, labarum in left; at stern Victory steering, TESA in ex;
Thessalonica mint; RIC VIII 120
laney
constans_prow_res.jpg
(0333) CONSTANS30 views337-350 AD
(struck 348 - 350 AD)
AE 18 mm; 3.12 g
O: D N CONSTA_NS P F AVG Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP-REPARATIO Emperor in military dress standing facing, head left, phoenix on globe in right hand, labarum inscribed with Christogram on banner in left hand, all within galley piloted by Victory; TESB in exergue
Thessalonica mint; RIC VIII, 120
laney
JULIAN_II_B.jpg
(0355) JULIAN II32 viewsCaesar: 355 –360
Augustus: 360 -- 361.
Sole Augustus: 361 –363
struck 360 - 363 AD, as Augustus
AE 15.5 mm max. 1.51 g
Obv: FL CL IVLIAN-VS P F AVG, diademed draped bust right
Rev: SPES REIPVBLICAE, emperor standing left in military dress holding globe & spear
Rare
laney
julian_asis.jpg
(0355) JULIAN II (as Caesar)32 viewsCaesar: 355 –360
Augustus: 360 -- 361.
Sole Augustus: 361 –363
AE 15.5 mm, 1.83 g
O: DN CL IVLIANVS NOB CAES, bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust right;
R: SPES REI-PVBLICAE, emperor standing left, helmeted, in military dress, globe in right, spear in left; ASIS in exe.
Siscia Mint
laney
valentinian_res.jpg
(0364) VALENTINIAN I -- GLORIA64 views364 - 375 AD
AD 18.3 mm2.63 g
O: DN VALENTINI-ANVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right.
R: GLORIA RO-MANORVM, Emperor in military dress, advancing right, head left, holding labarum, dragging captive behind him.
Left field: F; Right field: A over symbol 3.
BSISC zigzag in exe.
Siscia mint
RIC IX Siscia 14a, type xxxiii.
laney
claudius.jpg
(05) CLAUDIUS40 views41 - 54 AD
AE As 27.5 mm 10.11 g
O: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG PM TRP IMP(P?)
BARE HEAD LEFT
R: CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI S-C
CONSTANTIA HELMETED & IN MILITARY DRESS STANDING L HOLDING SPEAR IN LEFT HAND
laney
claudius_constantia_2.jpg
(05) CLAUDIUS11 views41 - 54 AD
Struck circa 41-50 AD
AE As 28 mm; 8.62 g
O: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, bare head left
R: CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI S-C, Constantia, helmeted and in military dress, standing left, holding long spear in left hand.
Rome mint; RIC 95
laney
claudius_constantia_3.jpg
(05) CLAUDIUS17 views41 - 54 AD
Struck circa 41-50 AD
AE As 25.5 mm, 9.91 g
O: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, bare head left
R: CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI S-C, Constantia, helmeted and in military dress, standing left, holding long spear in left hand.
Rome mint; RIC 95
1 commentslaney
claudius_constantia.jpg
(05) CLAUDIUS23 viewsCLAUDIUS (CONSTANTIA)
41 - 54 AD
Struck circa 41-50 AD
Æ As 26 mm, 9.21 g
O: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, bare head left
R: CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI S-C, Constantia, helmeted and in military dress, standing left, holding long spear in left hand.
Rome mint; RIC 95
1 commentslaney
claudius_const_4_res.jpg
(05) CLAUDIUS (CONSTANTIA)30 views41 - 54 AD
Struck circa 41-50 AD
Æ As 26 mm, 11.57 g
O: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, bare head left
R: CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI S-C, Constantia, helmeted and in military dress, standing left, holding long spear in left hand.
Rome mint; RIC 95
laney
claud_constan_9res.jpg
(05) CLAUDIUS (CONSTANTIA)18 views41 - 54 AD
Struck circa 41-50 AD
Æ As 28 mm, 12.24 g
O: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, bare head left
R: CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI S-C, Constantia, helmeted and in military dress, standing left, holding long spear in left hand.
Rome mint; RIC 95
laney
claudius_constant_8res.jpg
(05) CLAUDIUS (CONSTANTIA)20 views41 - 54 AD
Struck circa 41-50 AD
Æ As 26 mm, 8.95 g
O: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, bare head left
R: CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI S-C, Constantia, helmeted and in military dress, standing left, holding long spear in left hand.
Rome mint; RIC 95
laney
claudius_constan_7res.jpg
(05) CLAUDIUS (CONSTANTIA)18 views41 - 54 AD
Struck circa 41-50 AD
Æ As 26 mm, 10.58 g
O: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, bare head left
R: CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI S-C, Constantia, helmeted and in military dress, standing left, holding long spear in left hand.
Rome mint; RIC 95
laney
claudius_constan_6_res.jpg
(05) CLAUDIUS (CONSTANTIA)19 views41 - 54 AD
Struck circa 41-50 AD
Æ As 30 mm, 10.64 g
O: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, bare head left
R: CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI S-C, Constantia, helmeted and in military dress, standing left, holding long spear in left hand.
Rome mint; RIC 95
laney
claudius_const_5_res.jpg
(05) CLAUDIUS (CONSTANTIA)26 views41 - 54 AD
Struck circa 41-50 AD
Æ As 27.5 mm, 10.4 g
O: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, bare head left
R: CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI S-C, Constantia, helmeted and in military dress, standing left, holding long spear in left hand.
Rome mint; RIC 95
laney
claudius_constan_y_res.jpg
(05) CLAUDIUS (CONSTANTIA)20 views41 - 54 AD
Struck circa 41-50 AD
Æ As 27 mm, 13.46 g
O: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, bare head left
R: CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI S-C, Constantia, helmeted and in military dress, standing left, holding long spear in left hand.
Rome mint; RIC 95
laney
nero_alex_r_2res.jpg
(06) NERO27 views54 - 68 AD
Struck 65 - 66 AD
Billon tetracrachm 24 mm 11.78 g
O: NERWKLAYKAISSEBGER Radiatebust of Nero right, wearing aegis
R: AYIGO-KRA Bust of Alexandria right, wearing elephant head headdress, L IB (year 12) right
Alexandria, Provincial Egypt
Milne 238, SRCV I 2004, Emmett 109, Koln 172, Dattari 204, BMC 163, RPC 5289
(ex Forum)
laney
nero_alexandria_b.jpg
(06) NERO16 views54 - 68 AD
Struck 65 - 66 AD
Billon tetracrachm 24 mm 11.78 g
O: NERWKLAYKAISSEBGER Radiatebust of Nero right, wearing aegis
R: AYIGO-KRA Bust of Alexandria right, wearing elephant head headdress, L IB (year 12) right
Alexandria, Provincial Egypt
Milne 238, SRCV I 2004, Emmett 109, Koln 172, Dattari 204, BMC 163, RPC 5289
(ex Forum)
laney
2Pdwc7jEspK64DozHPy5Q3RmZFg8a9.jpg
(610-641) Heraclius [Sear 811]10 viewsHeraclius 610-641 AD
AE Follis (4.71 gm ; 22 mm)
Constantinople Mint
Obv: No Legend. Heraclius (center)� in military dress with long beard and mustache, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, all standing facing.
Rev: Large M between ANNO and numeric regnal year,� B (officina 2)� below; CONE in exergue
Ségusiaves
rjb_lon90_06_06.jpg
(VI) 9015 viewsMaximianus I
DN MAXIMIANO PF S AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
GENIO POP ROM
Genius standing left wearing turreted head-dress
-/-//PLN
RIC (VI) 90
mauseus
Antoninus_Pius.jpg
*SOLD*40 viewsAntoninus Pius AE/AS

Attribution: Unpublished variety of PIETAS AVG As
Date: AD 145-147
Obverse: ANTONINVS AVG-PIVS PP TRP COS IIII, laureate, cuirassed, and draped bust r.
Reverse: PI-E-TAS AVG, Pietas stg l. holding patera in r. hand, l. arm in fold of dress,
S-C across fields
Size: 25mm
Weight: 10.4 grams
Noah
Claudius_-_RIC_I__111.jpg
*SOLD*9 viewsClaudius Copper As

Attribution: RIC I 111, Cohen 14
Date: AD 50-54
Obverse: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP P P, bare head l.
Reverse: CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI S C, Constantia in military dress, standing l., raising hand and holding spear
Size: 28.2 mm
Weight: 11.57 grams
ex-Forvm
Noah
IMG_4551.jpg
0 Constantius II (Gaming Token?)38 viewsConstantius II, AE3, 22mm, Rome mint. DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust left, holding globe, N behind bust / FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor nimbate and in military dress, with shield on left arm, on horseback galloping right, thrusting his spear at two barbarians wearing Phrygian helmets, who kneel before him with their arms raised towards him. N in right field. Mintmark R dot S. RIC VIII Rome 184 var (unlisted officina, RIC lists only officina T for this "R dot.. officina" issue.)4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
0005.jpg
0005 - Denarius Caracalla 207 AC20 viewsObv/ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head of Caracalla r.
Rev/VIRTVS AVGG, Caracalla in military dress, standing front, head r., holding spear and parazonium. To l., river-god reclining, to r., two captives.

Ag, 18.9mm, 3.06g
Mint: Rome.
RIC IVa/175 - Cohen 670 - BMCRE 259, 520 - RSC 670
ex-Lucernae (ebay)
dafnis
coin49~0.JPG
005. Claudius27 viewsCopper as, RIC I 111, Cohen 14, SRCV I 1858, Rome mint, 50 - 54 A.D.; obverse TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP P P, bare head left; reverse CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI S C, Constantia in military dress, standing left, raising hand and holding spear

Check

ecoli
0059~0.jpg
0059 - Denarius Hadrian 136 AC10 viewsObv/HADRIANVS AVG COS III PP, Hadrian laureate head r.
Rev/AFRICA, Africa, with elephant-skin headdress, reclining l., leaning on rock, holding scorpion and cornucopiae; in front of her, basket of fruit.

Ag, 18.2mm, 3.22g
Mint: Rome.
RIC II/299 [S] - BMCRE 822 - RSC 139
ex-Lockdales, auction 65, lot 706 (ex-colln. 1920s)
dafnis
0074.jpg
0074 - Denarius Septimius Severus 200-1 AC40 viewsObv/SEVERVS AVG PART MAX, laureate head of Septimius r.
Rev/RESTITVTOR VRBIS, Septimius, in military dress, standing l., sacrificing with patera over tripod and holding inverted spear.

Ag, 19.5mm, 3.11g
Mint: Rome.
RIC IVa/167a [C] - BMCRE V/203 - Cohen 599
ex-A.L.Romero Martín (denarios.org)
3 commentsdafnis
Constantius_cent.jpg
008 - Constantius II (augustus 347-355 AD), AE2 - RIC 7134 viewsObv: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diadem, draped and ciurassed bust left, globe in hand.
Rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, emperor in military dress, standing left, holding standard with chi-rho on banner, left hand on chield. Two kneeling captives at feet, leaning to left. Star in field.

Minted in Nicomedia (SMNgamma), officina 3.
pierre_p77
Mamillius-Syd-741.jpg
009. C. Mamilius Limetanus.64 viewsDenarius, 82-81 BC, Rome mint.
Obverse: Bust of Mercury wearing winged hat; caduceus and the letter I behind.
Reverse: C MAMIL LIMETAN / Ulysses, dressed like a Greek sailor, being recognized by his dog Argus upon returning to Ithaca.
4.06 gm., 19 mm.
Syd. #741; RSC #Mamilia 6; Sear #282.

The Mamilia gens claimed descent from Mamilia, the daughter of Telgonius, reputed son of Ulysses. Mercury is an ancestor of Ulysses.

The story as told in Homer's "Odyssey" is somewhat different from that portrayed on this coin. When Ulysses returned to Ithaca after twenty years, he found his dog Argus lying on a dung heap and nearly dead. Argus had only enough strength to wag his tail in recognition of his master's voice before he died. Be that as it may, this is still an elegant portrayal of this touching scene, the likes of which are rarely found on Roman coinage.

2 commentsCallimachus
0116.JPG
0116 - Denarius Octavian 32-29 BC33 viewsObv/ Head of Venus r., wearing diadem.
Rev/ CAESAR DIVI F, Octavian l., in military dress, cloak flying behind, holding spear.

Ag, 20.2 mm, 3.51 g
Mint: Italy (Brundisium or Roma?)
RIC I/251 [S]
ex-Nomisma, auction e2, lot 18
dafnis
0130.jpg
0130 - Drachm Alexander III the Great 310-01 BC52 viewsObv/ Head of Heracles r. wearing lion-skin headdress.
Rev/ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, Zeus Aëtophoros seated on backless throne l., holding eagle on outstretched r.h. and scepter in l.h.; under throne, monogram; before, Φ.

Ag, 18.0 mm, 4.15 g
Mint: Colophon.
Price 1828
ex-Numismatik Lanz, eBay jul 2011 - art. #300569784336
1 commentsdafnis
0139.jpg
0139 - AE Alexander III the Great 336-23 BC49 viewsObv/ Head of Heracles r. wearing lion-skin headdress.
Rev/ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ in middle, with goryte, bow and mallet at sides; bunch of grapes and circle on r.

AE, 19.1 mm, 6.33 g
Mint: Macedonia uncertain.
Price -- - Drama 103
ex-CGB, auction 49, lot 155
dafnis
0146.jpg
0146 - Drachm Alexander III the Great 295-75 BC51 viewsObv/ Head of Heracles r. wearing lion-skin headdress.
Rev/ Zeus Aëtophoros seated on backless throne l., holding eagle on outstretched r.h. and scepter in l.h.; before, MI in monogram; behind, (Α)ΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟ(Υ).

Ag, 19.0 mm, 4.28 g
Mint: Miletus.
Price 2151
ex-CNG, auction e260, lot 234
dafnis
RI_015c_img.jpg
015 - Claudius Ae AS - Barbarous29 viewsAe AS
Obv:– TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, bare head left
Rev:– CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI S-C, Constantia, helmeted and in military dress, standing left, holding long spear in left hand
Minted in Rome. A.D. 41-50
Reference:- RIC 95, Cohen 14, BMC 140

The style looks a little crude and the legends lack uniformity though are quite legible. It is also light, weighing in at only 7.85 gms. The die orientation is 180 degrees.

Would appear to be an ancient imitation.
2 commentsmaridvnvm
0161.jpg
0161 - 1/2 AE Alexander III the Great 336-23 BC43 viewsObv/ Head of Heracles r. wearing lion-skin headdress.
Rev/ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, eagle on thunderbolt r., head turned; above, crescent.

AE, 17.1 mm, 3.59 g
Mint: Amphipolis.
Price 91b
ex-Numismatik Lanz, eBay jan 2012 - art. #230732403614
dafnis
0176.jpg
0176 - Drachm Alexander III the Great 328-23 BC31 viewsObv/ Head of Heracles r. wearing lion-skin headdress.
Rev/ Zeus Aëtophoros seated on backless throne l., holding eagle on outstretched r.h. and scepter in l.h.; before, Demeter with two torches; behind, ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ; under throne, monogram with circle, line and triangle.

Ag, 17.5 mm, 4.32 g
Mint: Lampsacus.
Price 1356
ex-Gitbud & Naumann, auction Pecunem 12, lot 119
dafnis
18.jpg
018 Poppaea. AE26 10.46gm23 viewsobv: draped and cressent bust r.
rev:headress of ISIS, TI-E to eather side, all within wreath
" 2nd wife of Nero "
hill132
0188.jpg
0188 - Denarius Septimius Severus 198-200 AC67 viewsObv/ L SEP SEV AVG IMP XI PART MAX, laureate head of S.Severus r.
Rev/ PROFECT AVGG FEL, S.Severus in military dress on prancing horse r., holding spear.

Ag, 18.0 mm, 3.41 g
Mint: Rome
RIC IV.I/138 [S] – BMCRE V/134
ex-Karel de Geus, auction 37, lot 2911
3 commentsdafnis
0215_Pr2562.jpg
0215 - Drachm Alexander III the Great 328-23 BC18 viewsObv/ Head of Heracles r. wearing lion-skin headdress.
Rev/ Zeus Aëtophoros seated on backless throne l., holding eagle on outstretched r.h. and scepter in l.h.; behind, ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, club on field r.; under throne, monogram with circle, lines and dot.

Ag, 15.9 mm, 4.29 g
Mint: Sardes.
Price 2562
ex-vAuctions (Triskeles), auction 320, lot 75
dafnis
03-Alex-Babylon-P2619.jpg
03. Alexander the Great.136 viewsTetradrachm, ca 325 - 323 BC, "Babylon" mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. M and a bee at left, monogram under throne.
17.12 gm., 26 mm.
P. #3619; M. #696.

Martin J. Price assigns this coin to the mint at "Babylon," but he says (p. 456 -57) it is possible that coins of "group two" may have been minted at Susa or Ecbatana.
3 commentsCallimachus
32a.jpg
032 Aelius. AR Denarius 3.3gm20 viewsobv: L AELIVS CAESAR bare head r.
rev: TR POT COS II Spes adv. l. holding flower and raising dress
hill132
Hadrian_AR-Den_HADRIANVS-AVG-COS-III-P-P_AFRICA_RIC-II-_C-_-AD_Q-002_axis-h_mm_g-s.jpg
032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0299, Rome, AR-Denarius, AFRICA, Africa reclining left,65 views032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0299, Rome, AR-Denarius, AFRICA, Africa reclining left,
avers:-HADRIANVS-AVG-COS-III-P-P, Laureate head right.
revers:-AFRICA, Africa reclining left wearing elephant headdress, holding scorpion and cornucopiae, basket of grain at feet.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Rome, date: 136 A.D., ref: RIC II 299, p-374, RSC 138, BMCRE 816,
Q-001
quadrans
Hadrian_AR-Den_HADRIANVS-AVG-COS-III-P-P_AFRICA_RIC-II-_C-_-AD_Q-001_axis-h_mm_g-s.jpg
032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0299var, Rome, AR-Denarius, AFRICA, Africa reclining left,.63 views032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0299var., Rome, AR-Denarius, AFRICA, Africa reclining left,
avers:-HADRIANVS-AVG-COS-III-P-P, Laureate bust right, with draped and aegis far shoulder.
revers:-AFRICA, Africa reclining left wearing elephant headdress, holding scorpion and cornucopiae, basket of grain at feet.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Rome, date: 136 A.D., ref: RIC II 299var., p-374, RSC 141, BMCRE 816,
Q-001
quadrans
032_Hadrianus_(117-138_A_D_),_Billon-Tetradrachm,_Milne-1034_,_Alexandria,_L-IE-Year-15_Q-001_0h_mm_gx-s~0.jpg
032p Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), AE-Drachm, G-1034, D-1610, Egypt, Alexandria, L IE, Hadrian and Alexandria,61 views032p Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), AE-Drachm, G-1034, D-1610, Egypt, Alexandria, L IE, Hadrian and Alexandria,
avers:- AΥT KAI TPAIA AΔPIA CEB, Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- L IE, Hadrian standing togate left with sceptre, greeted by Alexandria in elephant-skin headdress.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 130-131 A.D., Year (IE)15., ref: Geissen-1034, Dattari-1610, Kapmann-Ganschow-32.509-p-138, BMC 869,
Q-001
quadrans
domitian as caesar rider on horse.jpg
04 Domitian as Caesar RIC 957159 viewsAR Denarius, 3.44g
Rome Mint, 77-78 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: COS V; Horseman, helmeted, in military dress, cloak floating behind him, on horse prancing r., with r. hand thrown upwards and back
RIC 957 (C2). BMC 234. RSC 49. BNC 207.
Acquired from Aegean Numismatics, September 2007.

Issued at a time when Domitian was aspiring to an Eastern command against the Alani, Mattingly attributes this type to that cause: The rider is Mars calling Rome to the field of battle.

Other theories suggest the rider is either Domitian or a soldier. Curtis Clay has also proposed the idea that this type may well be of a commemorative nature, since much of Vespasian's coinage are copies of past popular types.

A lovely coin in hand, the portrait was the reason this one found a home in my collection.
1 commentsVespasian70
RI_044v_img.jpg
044 - Hadrian Denarius - RIC 028222 viewsObv:- HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, laureate head right
Rev:- VICTORIA AVG, Victory walking right, pulling fold on upper part of dress and pointing branch downwards
Minted in Rome. A.D. 134-138
Reference:– BMCRE 761. RIC 282. RSC 1456.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
049_Septimius_Severus_RIC_IV-I_167_AR-Den,_SEVERVS_AVG_PART_MAX,_RESTITVTOR_VRBIS,_RSC-599,_Roma_200-1_AD,_Q-001,_5h,_18-18,5mm,_3,18g-s.jpg
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 167, Rome, AR-Denarius, RESTITVTOR VRBIS, Septimius standing left, #160 views049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 167, Rome, AR-Denarius, RESTITVTOR VRBIS, Septimius standing left, #1
avers: SEVERVS AVG PART MAX, Laureate head right.
reverse: RESTITVTOR VRBIS, Septimius standing in military dress left, holding patera in right hand over tripod altar, and spear in left.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 18,0-18,5mm, weight: 3,18g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 200-201A.D.,ref: RIC IV-I 167, p-, RSC 599,
Q-001
quadrans
Septimius-Severus_AR-Billon-Den_SEVERVS-AVG-PART-MAX_RESTITVTOR-VRBIS_RIC-IV-I-168a_C-611-2_Rome-200-201_AD_Q-001_axis-6h_17,5-18mm_2,85g-s.jpg
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 168a, Rome, AR-Denarius, RESTITVTOR VRBIS, Emperor standing left, Scarce, (but base metal, "limes" ?),133 views049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 168a, Rome, AR-Denarius, RESTITVTOR VRBIS, Emperor standing left, Scarce, (but base metal, "limes" ?),
avers:- SEVERVS-AVG-PART-MAX, Laurate bust right.
revers:- RESTITVTOR-VRBIS, Severus, in military dress sanding left, sacrificing with patera over tripod and holding spear in left hand.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5-18 mm, weight: 2,85 g, axis: 6 h,
mint: Rome, date: 200-201 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-168a (but base metal, "limes" ?), p-113, C-611-2,
Q-001
quadrans
Septimius-Severus_AR-Billon-Den_SEVERVS-AVG-PART-MAX_RESTITVTOR-VRBIS_RIC-IV-I-168a_C-611-2_Rome-200-201_AD_Q-001_6h_17,5-18mm_2,85g-s.jpg
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 168a, Rome, AR-Denarius, RESTITVTOR VRBIS, Emperor standing left, Scarce, (but base metal, "limes" ?),89 views049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 168a, Rome, AR-Denarius, RESTITVTOR VRBIS, Emperor standing left, Scarce, (but base metal, "limes" ?),
avers:- SEVERVS-AVG-PART-MAX, Laurate bust right.
revers:- RESTITVTOR-VRBIS, Severus, in military dress sanding left, sacrificing with patera over tripod and holding spear in left hand.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5-18 mm, weight: 2,85 g, axis: 6 h,
mint: Rome, date: 200-201 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-168a (but base metal, "limes" ?), p-113, C-611-2,
Q-001
quadrans
Septimius-Severus_AR-Den_SEVERVS-PIVS-AVG_INDVLGEN-TIA-AVG-G_INCARTH_RIC-IV-266_p-_BMCRE-335_C-222_Rome-203-04-AD_Q-001_17-19mm_3,79g-s~0.jpg
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 266, Rome, AR-Denarius, INDVLGENTIA AVG G, INCARTH, 118 views049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 266, Rome, AR-Denarius, INDVLGENTIA AVG G, INCARTH,
avers:- SEVERVS-PIVS-AVG, Laurate bust right.
revers:- INDVLGEN-TIA-AVG-G, The Dea Caelestis, wearing elaborate headdress, looking right, riding right on lion, holding thunderbolt and sceptre, below, water gushing from rocks at left.
exe: -/-//INCARTH, diameter: 17-19mm, weight: 3,79g, axis: 1h,
mint: Rome, date: 203-04 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-266, p-125, C-222, BMCRE-335,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
V958.jpg
04a Domitian as Caesar RIC 958143 viewsAR Denarius, 3.12g
Rome Mint, 77-78 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: COS V; Horseman, helmeted, in military dress, cloak floating behind him, on horse prancing r., with r. hand thrown upwards and back
RIC 958 (R3). BMC -. RSC -. BNC -.
Acquired from Forvm Ancient Coins, September 2015.

Second known specimen of this type with left facing portrait. A die match with the unique RIC plate coin. Left facing portraits of Domitian are quite rare and highly prized by collectors.

In fine style with honest wear. The portrait is outstanding!
8 commentsDavid Atherton
05-Philip-III.jpg
05. Philip III.86 viewsTetradrachm, 323 - 317 BC, "Babylon" mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΟΣ ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. M at left, ΛΥ between the rungs of the throne.
16.99 gm., 27 mm.
P. #P181; M. #99; S. #6749.

Martin J. Price assigns this coin to the mint at "Babylon," but he says (p. 455) that coins with the M-ΛΥ monograms may have to be assigned to Susa after further study.
Callimachus
Julia-Domna_AR-Den_IVLIA-AVGVSTA_SAECVLI-FELICITAS_Roma-RIC-645_C-177_Q-001_18-19mm_3,01g-s.jpg
050 Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), RIC IV-I 577, Rome, AR-Denarius, SAECVLI FELICITAS, Isis standing right, #299 views050 Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), RIC IV-I 577, Rome, AR-Denarius, SAECVLI FELICITAS, Isis standing right, #2
avers:- IVLIA-AVGVSTA, Bust draped right.
revers:- SAECVLI-FELICITAS, Isis, wearing peaked head-dress, standing right with left foot on prow, nursing infant Horus at her breast, altar at left against which rests a rudder.
exe: , diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 2,63g, axis: 11h,
mint: Rome, date: 196-211 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-577, p-170, C-174,
Q-002
2 commentsquadrans
Caracalla_AR-Den_M_AVR-ANTONI-NVS-CAES_SPEI-PERPETVAE_RIC-IV-I-5-p-_RSC-594_Rome_196AD_Q-001_6h_17,5-19mm_3,56g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 005, Rome, AR-Denarius, SPEI PERPETVAE, Spes walks left, 114 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 005, Rome, AR-Denarius, SPEI PERPETVAE, Spes walks left,
avers: M-AVR-ANTO-NINVS-CAES, Bare-headed and draped bust of Caracalla, at about ten years old, facing right.
revers: SPEI-PERPETVAE, Spes, personifying hope, walks left, holding a flower and a fold of her dress.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 17,5-19mm, weight: 3,56g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 196 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-5, p-212, RSC-594, BMC-190,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Caracalla_AR-Den_IMP-CAES-M-AVR-ANTON-AVG_PONTI-FE-X-TR-P-II_RIC-IV-I-27-p-216_C-572_Rome_198-199-AD_R_Q-001_1h_16,5-18mm_3,11g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 027, Rome, AR-Denarius, PONTIFEX TR P II, Caracalla in military dress standing left, Rare !!162 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 027, Rome, AR-Denarius, PONTIFEX TR P II, Caracalla in military dress standing left, Rare !!
avers:- IMP-CAES-M-AVR-ANTON-AVG, Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
revers:- PONTI-FE-X-TR-P-II, Caracalla in military dress standing left, holding Victory on globe and spear reversed, captive seated at feet.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5-18mm, weight: 3,11g, axis: 1h,
mint: Rome, date: 198-199 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-027, p-216, C-572, Rare!!,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Caracalla_AE-As_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM_P-M-TR-P-XVII-IMP-III-COS-IIII-P-P_S-C_RIC-IV-I-532b-p-_C-260_Rome_214-AD_Scarce_Q-001_0h_25,5mm_12,44ga-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 532b, Rome, AE-As, P M TR P XVII IMP III COS IIII P P, Mars in military dress, standing left, Scarce!69 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 532b, Rome, AE-As, P M TR P XVII IMP III COS IIII P P, Mars in military dress, standing left, Scarce!
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Laureate, draped cuirassed bust right.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVII-IMP-III-COS-IIII-P-P, Mars in military dress, standing left, foot on helmet, holding branch and inverted spear.
exe: S/C//--, diameter:25,5 mm, weight: 12,44g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 214 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-532b, p-, C-260, Scarce!
Q-001
quadrans
055.jpg
052 FLORIANUS14 viewsEMPEROR: Florianus
DENOMINATION: Antoninianus
OBVERSE: IMP FLORIANVS AVG; Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum
REVERSE: CONCORDIA MILITVM; Victory stg. r., holding wreath in r. hand and palm against l. shoulder, facing Emperor in military dress stg. l., r. hand outstretched and holding long sceptre in l. hand
EXERGUE: –/–//T
DATE: July – August 276 AD
MINT: Cyzicus
WEIGHT: 4.14 g
RIC TEMP NO. 4530 (55 ex.)
Barnaba6
053_Geta_RIC_IV-I_018_AR-Den_P-SEPT-GETA-CAES-PONT_PRINC-IVVENTVTIS_RIC-IV-I-18-p-_RSC-157_Roma-200-2-AD_Q-001_1h_18,2-19,2mm_3,41g-s.jpg
053 Geta (209-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 018, Rome, AR-Denarius, PRINC IVVENTVTIS, Geta, in military attire, standing left, 146 views053 Geta (209-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 018, Rome, AR-Denarius, PRINC IVVENTVTIS, Geta, in military attire, standing left,
avers:- P-SEPT-GETA-CAES-PONT, Bare-headed, draped bust right, seen from the back .
revers:- PRINC-IVVENTVTIS, Geta, Geta, in military dress, standing left with baton & scepter, trophy behind.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 18,2-19,2mm, weight: 3,41g, axis:1h,
mint: Rome, date: 200-202 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-018-p-, RSC-157,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
06-Alex-Amphipolis-P124.jpg
06. "Amphipolis": Tetradrachm in the name of Alexander the Great.36 viewsTetradrachm, ca 320 - 317 BC, "Amphipolis" mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΟΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. Branch of laurel at left, Π under throne.
17.33 gm., 25 mm.
P. #124; M. #560.

Alexander appointed Antipater regent in Macedon during his absence. After Alexander's death in 323 BC, Antipater continued ruling as regent until his own death in 319 BC. Most coins issued in Macedon during this time continued to be in the name of Alexander.
Callimachus
constantius2.jpg
062. Constantius II, 337-361AD. AE Centenionalis.74 viewsConstantius II. AE Centenionalis. Heraclea mint. 348-51CE.

Obv. Diademed, draped bust holding globe D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG.

Rev. Emperor in military dress standing left, holding standard with chi-rho on banner and resting left hand on shield, in front of Emperor are two captives standing FEL TEMP REPARATIO Exe: SMHA.

RIC VIII, 69 Scarce, 5.61g.

A beautiful bust, which it is possibly to recreate with only a bed sheet and a single Terry's Chocolate Orange
LordBest
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062a Maximinus I Thrax. AR denarius10 viewsobv: IMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG laur. drp. bust r.
rev: PM TR P PP emperor in military dress std. l., two standards
leaning l. on spear and raising
hill132
RI 064ad img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 25439 viewsObv:– SEVERVS PIVS AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– AFRICA, Africa, wearing elephant-skin head-dress, reclining left with scorpion & cornucopiae; basket of corn-ears before
References:– VM 8/2, RIC 254, RCV02 6261, RSC 31
maridvnvm
RI 064t img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 26642 viewsObv:– SEVERVS PIVS AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– INDVLGENTIA AVGG / IN CARTH, Dea Caelestis, goddess of Carthage, with elaborate headdress, looking front, riding right on springing lion, holding thunderbolt and sceptre, water gushing from rocks at left below
Minted in Rome, A.D. 203
References:– RIC 266 (Common), RCV02 6285, RSC222
1 commentsmaridvnvm
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064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 26620 viewsObv:- SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate bust right
Rev:- INDVLGENTIA AVGG / IN CARTH, Dea Caelestis, goddess of Carthage, with elaborate headdress, looking front, riding right on springing lion, holding thunderbolt and sceptre, water gushing from rocks at left below
Minted in Rome, A.D. 203
Reference:– RIC 266. RSC 222.
maridvnvm
RI_064lj_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 26626 viewsObv:- SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate bust right
Rev:- INDVLGENTIA AVGG / IN CARTH, Dea Caelestis, goddess of Carthage, with elaborate headdress, looking front, riding right on springing lion, holding thunderbolt and sceptre, water gushing from rocks at left below
Minted in Rome, A.D. 203
Reference:– RIC 266. RSC 222.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 064bt img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 49471 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIIII, Laureate head right
Rev:– PROFECTIO AVG, Septimius Severus in military dress on horseback right, holding spear
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 197
References:– RIC 494 (Scarce), RSC 580
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064qf_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 49473 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIIII, Laureate head right
Rev:– PROFECTIO AVG, Septimius Severus in military dress on horseback right, holding spear
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 197
References:– RIC 494 (Scarce), RSC 580
5 commentsmaridvnvm
Rep_AR-Den-Ser_L_Roscius-Fabatus_Head-Juno-Sospita-r_-lizard-behind-L_ROSCI-below_Girl-Snake-in-ex-FABATI_Crawford-412-1_Syd-915_Rome_64-BC_Q-001_axis-1h_17,5-19,5mm_3,00g-s.jpg
064 B.C., L. Roscius Fabatus, Rebublic AR-Denarius Serratus, Crawford 412/1, Rome, Maiden and Snake, FABATI,85 views064 B.C., L. Roscius Fabatus, Rebublic AR-Denarius Serratus, Crawford 412/1, Rome, Maiden and Snake, FABATI,
avers:- Juno Sospita right, wearing goat-skin headdress; L ROSC below; behind, lizard,
revers: - Maiden standing right, feeding snake holding itself erect before her, control symbol tortoise walking right on own ground line in left field, FABATI in exergue.
exerg: -/-//FABATI, diameter: 17,5-19,5 mm, weight: 3,00g, axis: 1h,
mint: Rome, date: 64 B.C., ref: Crawford 412/1,,
Q-001
quadrans
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066 - Caracalla Ae As - RIC 532b24 viewsObv:- ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:- P M TR P XVII IMP III COS IIII P P - S C, Mars, helmeted in military dress, cloak over left arm, standing front, head left, right knee slightly bent, holding branch raised in right hand and vertical spear in left hand. Items on ground. I cannot really make them out but at magnification they look like helmet on left, cuirass between legs and spear resting on shield.

This seems to generally match RIC 532b, which cites Cohen 260. RIC 532a is the same reverse type with a Laureate head right. BMCRE does not include this type with this bust but does include the type in the notes to BMCRE 268. BMCRE 268, which is the Laureate head type is described as right foot on helmet with cuirass? to right.
maridvnvm
RI 066ag img.jpg
066 - Caracalla denarius - RIC 22331 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate bust right
Rev:– MARTI PROPVGNATORI, Mars in military dress, hurrying left holding spear and trophy
Reference:– BMCRE 87. RIC 223. RSC 150.
maridvnvm
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066 - Caracalla, AE26, Markianopolis, Nemesis57 viewsAE26 (5 Assarion)
Obv:– ANTWNINOC AVGOVCTOC IOVLIA DOMNA, Confronted busts of Caracalla and Julia Domna
Rev: VP KVNTILIANOV MARKIANOPOLITWN, Nemesis standing left, holding scales and short torch (arshin), wheel at side. E in field
Minted in MARKIANOPOLIS (Moesia Inferior).

The following information comes courtesy of Patricia Lawrence:-

“...I can't just cite Pick. When she holds the scales as well as the goad and has the wheel, it is fair to call her Nemesis-Aequitas. But yours is a plain, straightforward Nemesis. No holding of the cloth of her dress, no griffin by her wheel (Pick 676), which I'd call fancy Nemesis, and no scales of Aequitas (Dikaiosyne) in outstretched right hand (Pick 677). Nor did I identify it in Varbanov's list. If he'd seen it in a regional collection or in a recent auction catalogue, it would be there......just cite "cf. AMNG I, 1, no. 677 (which also has scales)".”
2 commentsmaridvnvm
06a-Constantine-Car-051c.jpg
06a. Constantine as Caesar: Carthage follis.55 viewsFollis, Nov. - Dec. 306, Carthage mint.
Obverse: FL VAL CONSTANTINVS NOB CAES / Laureate bust of Constantine.
Reverse: SALVIS AVGG ET CAESS FEL KART / Carthage standing, dressed in long robe, holding fruit in both hands. H in left field.
Mint mark: Γ
9.49 gm., 27 mm.
RIC #51c; PBCC #575; Sear #15551.
1 commentsCallimachus
07-Alex-Pella-P250.jpg
07. "Pella": Tetradrachm in the name of Alexander the Great.32 viewsTetradrachm, ca 315 - 310 BC, "Pella" mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. Boeotian shield at left, Σ. between the rungs of the throne.
17.24 gm., 26 mm.
P. #250; PROa #135.

Alexander appointed Antipater regent in Macedon during his absence. After Alexander's death in 323 BC, Antipater continued ruling as regent until his own death in 319 BC. Thereafter his son Kassander ruled until 297 BC, eventually taking the title of King in 305 BC. He was notorious for his cruelty, and in 311 BC he killed Alexander's widow and her young son. The silver coinage of Kassander's reign was all issued in the name of Alexander.
Callimachus
Gordianus-III_AG-Den__IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_PM-T-R-P-III-COS-II-P-P_RIC-IV-III-115-p-27_C-243_Rome_241-243-AD_Rare_Q-001_axis-0h_21mm_3,54ga-s.jpg
072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 115, AR-Denarius, Rome, PM T R P III COS II P P, Rare!, #1124 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 115, AR-Denarius, Rome, PM T R P III COS II P P, Rare!, #1
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
revers:- PM-T-R-P-III-COS-II-P-P, Gordian standing right, in military dress, holding transverse spear and globe.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 20mm, weight: 3,54g, axis: 0 h,
mint: Rome, date: 241-243 A.D.(4th Issue), ref: RIC IV-III 115, p-27, C-243,
Q-001
quadrans
Gordianus-III_AE-As_IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_PM-T-R-P-IIII-COS-II-P-P_RIC-IV-III-305b-p-49_C-244-245_Rome_241-243-AD_Q-001_axis-1h_22,5-23mm_9,10g-s.jpg
072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 306b, AE-As, Rome, P M TR P IIII COS II P P, Gordian standing right,203 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 306b, AE-As, Rome, P M TR P IIII COS II P P, Gordian standing right,
avers: IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
revers: P-M-TR-P-IIII-COS-II-P-P, Gordian standing right, in military dress, holding transverse spear and globe, S-C across the field.
exe: S/C//--, diameter: 22,5-23mm, weight: 9,10g, axis: 0 h,
mint: Rome, date: 241-243 A.D.(4th Issue), ref: RIC IV-III 306b, p-49, C-254-255,
Q-001
quadrans
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077 - Severus Alexander and Julia Maesa, AE26, Markianopolis, Hera31 viewsAE26 (Pentassarion)
Obv:– AVT K M AVP CEVH AΛEΞANΔPOC KAI IOVΛIA MAICA, Confronted busts of Alexander and Maesa
Rev:– VΠ TIB IOVΛ ΦHCTOV MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN, Hera standing with long dressing- gown, holding patera and scepter. E in right field
Minted in Markianopolis, Moesia Inferior
Reference:– Moushmov 732 ??
1 commentsmaridvnvm
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077 - Severus Alexander denarius - RIC 22534 viewsObv:– IMP SEV ALEXAND AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVG, Emperor in military dress, walking right carrying spear & trophy.
References:– RIC 225
maridvnvm
07a-Constantine-Lug-273.jpg
07a. Constantine: Lugdunum follis.25 viewsFollis, Autumn 307 - Summer 308, Lugdunum mint.
Obverse: IMP C CONSTANTINVS P F AVG / Laureate bust of Constantine.
Reverse: PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS / Constantine standing, in military dress, holding standard in each hand.
Mint mark: PLG
7.44 gm., 26 mm.
RIC #273; PBCC #259; Sear #16027.
Callimachus
07c-Constantine-Tre-841a.jpg
07c. Constantine: Treveri follis.16 viewsFollis, 309, Treveri mint.
Obverse: IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG / Laureate bust of Constantine.
Reverse: PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS / Constantine standing, in military dress, holding transverse spear and globe. T in left field; F in right field.
Mint mark: PTR
8.25 gm., 28 mm.
RIC #841a; PBCC #153; Sear #16024.
Callimachus
08-Alex-Ecbatana-P3931.jpg
08. Ecbatana: Tetradrachm in the name of Alexander the Great.43 viewsTetradrachm, ca 311 - 295 BC, Ecbatana mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. Anchor, forepart of a grazing horse, and two monograms at left; ΣΩ under throne.
17.01 gm., 26 mm.
P. #3931; M. #1355; ESM #475.

This is a coin of the Seleucid Empire from the time of Seleukos I, Nikator. Seleukos used the anchor as his personal symbol. Some of Seleukos' coinage was in the name of Alexander, and some was in his own name
Callimachus
08-Gordian-III-RIC-115.jpg
08. Gordian III / RIC 115.17 viewsDenarius, 240 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG / Laureate bust of Gordian.
Reverse: P M TR P III COS II P P / Gordian in military dress, holding a transverse spear and globe.
3.16gm., 21 mm.
RIC #115; Sear #8680.
Callimachus
626Hadrian_RIC841.jpg
0841 Hadrian AS Roma 134-38 AD Africa21 viewsReference.
RIC 841f; BMCRE 1712; Cohen 143; Strack 709

Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
Bust of Hadrian, laureate, draped, right.

Rev.AFRICA S C in ex.
Africa, draped, wearing elephant-skin headdress, reclining left, resting left arm on rock, holding scorpion in right hand and cornucopiae in left; basket of corn-ears front.

10.78 gr
27 mm
12h
1 commentsokidoki
RI_087ak_img.jpg
087 - Gordian Antoninianus - RIC 09226 viewsObv:– IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– P M TR P IIII COS II P P, Gordian in military dress, standing right, holding globe and spear
Minted in Rome. Fourth Issue. A.D. 241 -243
Reference:– RIC 92 (C2). RSC 253
maridvnvm
RI 087i img.jpg
087 - Gordian III Antoninianus - RIC 00650 viewsObv:– IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVG, Virtus, in military dress, standing half left, holding spear and resting hand on shield
Minted in Rome. First Issue. End July A.D. 238 – End July A.D. 239
Reference:– Van Meter 63, RIC 6, RSC 381
Weight 4.51 gms
Dimensions 22.28mm
maridvnvm
RI 087r img.jpg
087 - Gordian III Antoninianus - RIC 00647 viewsObv:– IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVG, Virtus, in military dress, standing half left, holding spear and resting hand on shield
Minted in Rome. First Issue. End July A.D. 238 – End July A.D. 239
Reference:– Van Meter 63, RIC 6, RSC 381
Weight 4.56 gms
Dimensions 21.71mm
maridvnvm
RI 087x img.jpg
087 - Gordian III Antoninianus - RIC 03946 viewsObv:– IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVG, Virtus, in military dress, standing half left, holding branch and spear, shield rests on right foot
Minted in Rome.
Reference:– RIC 39, RSC 383
Weight 4.51 gms
Dimensions 22.59mm
maridvnvm
RI 087a img~0.jpg
087 - Gordian III Antoninianus - RIC 07054 viewsObv:– IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– ROMA AETERNAE, Rome in military dress, seated facing left, on shield, holding Victory and spear
Minted in Rome, A.D. 240
Reference:– Van Meter 48, RIC 70, RSC 314
Weight 4.43 gms
Dimensions 22.96mm
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 087o img.jpg
087 - Gordian III Antoninianus - RIC 09247 viewsObv:– IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– P M TR P IIII COS II P P, Gordian in military dress, standing right, holding globe and spear
Minted in Rome. Fourth Issue. A.D. 241 -243
Reference:– Van Meter 39/2, RIC 92, RSC 253
Weight 3.53 gms
Dimensions 23.23mm
maridvnvm
09-Alex-Alexandria.jpg
09. Alexandria: Tetradrachm in the name of Alexander the Great.119 viewsTetradrachm, ca 310 - 305 BC, Alexandria (Egypt) mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander with Horn of Ammon, wearing elephant skin headdress.
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Athena carrying shield and hurling spear. Also small eagle sitting on thunderbolt at right. Two monograms: one at left, one at right.
15.10 gm., 26 mm.
S. #7749; BMC 6.6, 46.

You may have noticed that I refer to the obverse portraits on the Alexander the Great coins as "Head of Alexander as Herakles." Much has been written about these portraits as to whether or not they really portray Alexander's likeness. There can be no doubt, however, that the portrait on this coin was intended to be that of Alexander. Ptolemy issued this coin in the name of Alexander while he was Satrap of Egypt. The elephant skin headdress was probably inspired by the lion's skin headdress on Alexander's own coins. It likely refers to Alexander's conquests in India where he defeated an Indian army with 200 elephants. Beneath the elephant skin headdress, right above his ear, Alexander wears the Horn of Zeus Ammon. The priests of Zeus Ammon recognized Alexander as divine when he visited Egypt in 331 BC.
4 commentsCallimachus
353Hadrian_RIC900.jpg
0900 Hadrian AS Roma 134-38 AD Mauretania28 viewsReference.
RIC 900f; C. 69

Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
Bust of Hadrian, laureate, draped, right

Rev. ADVENTVI AVG MAVRETANIAE in Ex S C
Hadrian, togate, on left, standing right, holding roll in left hand and raising right to Mauretania, wearing elephant-skin headdress, standing left, facing him, on right, sacrificing over altar in center with right hand and holding vexillum in left; bull? next to altar.

14.26 gr
27 mm
5h
1 commentsokidoki
RI 092c img.jpg
092 - Phillip II Antoninianus - RIC 216c33 viewsObv:– M IVL PHILIPPVS CAES, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PRINCIPI IVVENT, Philip II, in military dress, standing right, holding globe and transverse sceptre
Minted in Rome.
Reference:– RIC 216c. RSC 48.
maridvnvm
093_Saloninus,_Bi-Ant_,_RIC_V-I_036,_Samosata,_SALON_VALERIANVS_NOB_CAES,_SPES_PVBLICA,_256-260AD,_Q-001,_5h,_20-21mm,_3g-s.jpg
093 Saloninus (258-260 A.D. Caesar), AR-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 036, Samosata, SPES PVBLICA, Prince in military dress and Spes,100 views093 Saloninus (258-260 A.D. Caesar), AR-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 036, Samosata, SPES PVBLICA, Prince in military dress and Spes,
avers: SALON VALERIANVS NOB CAES, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Saloninus right.
reverse: SPES PVBLICA, Prince in military dress standing right, holding scepter and receiving a flower from Spes, walking left, lifting hem of skirt, star between.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 20,0-21,0mm, weight: 3,00g, axis: 5h,
mint: Samosata, date: 256-260 A.D., ref: RIC V-I 36, p-, C-41,
Q-001
quadrans
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1 Constans37 viewsConstans AE3 "Centenionalis". Arles. 337-350 AD. DN CONSTA-NS PF AVG, rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, A behind head / FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding Victory and labarum, Victory sitting at the stern, steering the ship. A in left field, SARL in exergue.

Randygeki(h2)
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1 Constantius II31 viewsConstantius II AE3. AD 351-355. D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP REPARATIO, emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding a phoenix on globe and a chi-rho standard, Victory at helm steers the ship. Γ in left field, * in right field. Mintmark dot TS epsilon dot.
Thessalonica
RIC VIII 174 var
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_2466.JPG
1.2 Constantius II21 viewsConstantius II AE3. AD 348-351. D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, Emperor in military dress advancing left, treading on captive, holding Victory on a globe and a chi-rho standard, Γ left, star right. Mintmark star TS Delta Dot (or star)

Thessalonica
RIC VIII 172
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_0172.JPG
1.4 Egypt - Ptolemy II58 viewsPtolemy II - 248 BC
Egyptian bronze. 15 mm
obv. deified Alexander in Elephant headress
rev. eagle with spread wings, shield in front, H - lambda - year 38 PTOLEMAIOY BASILEOS
Zam
IMG_0176.JPG
1.5 Egypt - Ptolemy II64 viewsPtolemy II - 248 BC
Egyptian Bronze, 15 mm
obv. deified Alexander in elephant headress
rev. eagle with spread wings, shild in front, H Lambda - year 38, PTOLEMAIOY BASILEOS
Zam
10-Alex-Miletus-P2150.jpg
10-Miletus: Tetradrachm in the name of Alexander the Great.54 viewsTetradrachm, ca 295 - 275 BC, Miletus mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. MI monogram at left.
16.56 gm., 29 mm.
P. #2150; M. #1055.
Callimachus
coin308.JPG
103b. Aelius24 viewsAelius. Caesar, AD 136-138. Æ As Rome mint. Struck under Hadrian, AD 137. Bare head right / Spes advancing left, holding flower and lifting skirt of dress; S C across field. RIC II 1067 (Hadrian).

Check
ecoli
Claudius-II__AE-Ant_IMP-CLAVDIVS-AVG_MARTI-PACIF_X_T-529_off-10_RIC-72_C-_Roma_270-AD__Q-001_1h_19-20mm_3,24g-s.jpg
104 Claudius II. (268-270 A.D.), T-0529 (Estiot), RIC V-I 072, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, MARTI PACIF, X/-//--, Mars in military dress walking left, 176 views104 Claudius II. (268-270 A.D.), T-0529 (Estiot), RIC V-I 072, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, MARTI PACIF, X/-//--, Mars in military dress walking left,
avers: IMP-CLAVDIVS-AVG, Radiate bust right, (A1).
revers: MARTI-PACIF, Mars in military dress walking left, holding olive branch in right hand, transverse spear and round shield in left hand. (Mars 1b).
exerg: X/-//--, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 3,24g, axes: 1h,
mint: Rome, iss-, off-10, date: 270 A.D., ref: T-0529 (Estiot), RIC V-I 072,
Q-001
quadrans
Claudius-II__AE-Ant_IMP-CLAVDIVS-AVG_VICTORIAE-GOTHIC_SPQR_RIC-252var_T-946-iss-3-Ph-2_Komin-1149_Cyzicus-269-270-AD_Q-001_11h_22-23,5mm_4,74ga-s.jpg
104 Claudius II. (268-270 A.D.), T-0946 (Estiot), RIC V-I 252, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, VICTORIAE GOTHIC, -/-//SPQR, Trophy of arms, Rare!,62 views104 Claudius II. (268-270 A.D.), T-0946 (Estiot), RIC V-I 252, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, VICTORIAE GOTHIC, -/-//SPQR, Trophy of arms, Rare!,
avers:- IMP-CLAVDIVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, seen from rear, (D2).
revers:- VICTORIAE-GOTHIC, Trophy of arms (helmet l.); on each side, a bound and std. captive in oriental dress, (Trophy 1c).
exerg: -/-//SPQR, diameter: 22-23,5mm, weight: 4,74g, axes: 11h,
mint: Cyzicus, iss-3, Ph-2, date: 269-270 A.D., ref: T-0946 (Estiot), RIC V-I 252, Komin 1149, Rare!,
Q-001
quadrans
105_B_C_,_L_Thorius_Balbus,_AR-den,_ISMR,_Head_of_Juno_Sospita_r_,_L_THORIVS_BALBVS,_Bull_r_,_K,_Cr_316-1,_Syd-598,_Thoria_1,_Sear_192,_Q-001,_6h,_18,5-20,5mm,_3,74g-s.jpg
105 B.C., L.Thorius Balbus, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 316/1, Rome, L•THORIVS/BALBVS in two line, Bull charging right, #1132 views105 B.C., L.Thorius Balbus, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 316/1, Rome, L•THORIVS/BALBVS in two line, Bull charging right, #1
avers: ISMR abbreviated legend behind the head of Juno Sospita right, wearing a goat-skin headdress.
reverse: L•THORIVS/BALBVS in two line, Bull charging right, control letter "K" above.
exergue: -/-//L•THORIVS/BALBVS, diameter: 18,5-20,5mm, weight: 3,83g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 105 B.C., ref: Crawford 316/1, Sydenham 598, Sear 192, Thoria 1,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Aur-xy002-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1459, RIC V-I 129, Mediolanum, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//P, Emperor and Jupiter,129 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1459, RIC V-I 129, Mediolanum, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//P, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers:-IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. (B1)
revers:-IOVI CONSER, Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand. (Emperor and Jupiter 1c)
exerg: -/-//P, diameter: 22,5-25mm, weight: 4,42g, axes: 6h,
mint: Mediolanum, iss-3, off-1, date: 271-272 A.D., ref: T-1459 (Estiot), RIC V-I 129,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-silvered-Ant_AVRELIANVS-AVG_ORI-E-NS-AVG_S_RIC-V-I-135-p-RIC-T-1509_iss-5-Ph-1_off-2_Mediolanum_274-AD_Q-001_7h_20,5-21,5mm_3,70ga-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1509, RIC V-I 135, Mediolanum, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, -/-/S, Sol standing faceing, head left, #185 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1509, RIC V-I 135, Mediolanum, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, -/-/S, Sol standing faceing, head left, #1
avers:- AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated, cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- ORIENS AVG, Sol standing facing, head left, with right hand raised and holding globe in left hand; at feet to left, a bound and seated captive in oriental dress. (Sol 2c)
exerg: -/-/S, diameter: 20,5-21,5mm, weight: 3,70g, axes: 7h,
mint: Mediolanum, iss-5, ph-1, off-2, date: 274 A.D., ref: T-1509 (Estiot), RIC V-I 135,
Q-001
quadrans
Aur-xy007-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1509, RIC V-I 135, Mediolanum, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, -/-/S, Sol standing faceing, head left, #2126 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1509, RIC V-I 135, Mediolanum, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, -/-/S, Sol standing faceing, head left, #2
avers:- AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated, cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- ORIENS AVG, Sol standing facing, head left, with right hand raised and holding globe in left hand; at feet to left, a bound and seated captive in oriental dress. (Sol 2c)
exerg: -/-/S, diameter: 21,5mm, weight: 3,85g, axes: 0h,
mint: Mediolanum, iss-5, ph-1, off-2, date: 274 A.D., ref: T-1509 (Estiot), RIC V-I 135,
Q-002
quadrans
Aurelianus_Ant_RIC-V-I-154_T-1532_0h_21-21,5mm_4,47g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1532, RIC V-I 154, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, SOLI INVICTO, */-/SXXT, Sol walking left,78 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1532, RIC V-I 154, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, SOLI INVICTO, */-/SXXT, Sol walking left,
avers: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated, cuirassed bust right. (B1)
reverse: SOLI INVICTO, Sol standing left, with right hand raised and holding the globe in left hand, right foot resting on a bound captive in an oriental dress seated left, on the other side, another bound captive in an oriental dress seated right, head turned left. (Sol 2g)
exergue: */-/SXXT, diameter: 21,0-21,5mm, weight: 4,47g, axes: 0h,
mint: Ticinum, iss-2, ph-, off-2, date: 274 A.D., ref: T-1532 (Estiot), RIC V-I 154, p-282,
Q-001
quadrans
Aur-xy003-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1533, RIC V-I 151, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, */-/TXXT, Sol walking left,113 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1533, RIC V-I 151, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, */-/TXXT, Sol walking left,
avers: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated, cuirassed bust right. (B1)
reverse: ORIENS AVG, Sol standing left, with right hand raised and holding the globe in left hand, right foot resting on a bound captive in oriental dress seated left, on the other side, another bound captive in an oriental dress seated right, head turned left. (Sol 2g)
exergue: */-/TXXT, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Ticinum, iss-2, off-3, date: 274 A.D., ref: T-1533 (Estiot), RIC V-I 151,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
106_Aurelianus_T-1535,_RIC_V-I_151,_Ticinum,_AE-Ant_IMP_C_AVRELIANVS_AVG(B1),_ORIENS_AVG(Sol2g),_star_QXXT,_iss-2,_off-4,_274_AD,_Q-001,_6h,_20-22mm,_3,80g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1535, RIC V-I 151, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, */-/QXXT, Sol walking left,64 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1535, RIC V-I 151, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, */-/QXXT, Sol walking left,
avers: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated, cuirassed bust right. (B1)
reverse: ORIENS AVG, Sol standing left, with right hand raised and holding the globe in left hand, right foot resting on a bound captive in oriental dress seated left, on the other side, another bound captive in an oriental dress seated right, head turned left. (Sol 2g)
exergue: */-/QXXT, diameter: 20,0-22,0mm, weight: 3,80g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, iss-2, off-4, date: 274 A.D., ref: T-1535 (Estiot), RIC V-I 151,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Aur-xy005-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1536, RIC V-I 154, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, SOLI INVICTO, */-//QXXT, Sol walking left, #1125 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1536, RIC V-I 154, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, SOLI INVICTO, */-//QXXT, Sol walking left, #1
avers:- IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated, cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- SOLI INVICTO, Sol standing left, with right hand raised and holding globe in left hand, right foot resting on a bound captive in oriental dress seated left, on the other side, another bound captive in oriental dress seated right, head turned left. (Sol 2g)
exerg: */-//QXXT, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Ticinum, iss-2, off-4, date: 274 A.D., ref: T-1536(Estiot), RIC V-I 154,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_(B1)_ORIENS-AVG_(Sol8)_VII-XXI_RIC-V-I-62-p-T-1748-7th-off-iss-8_LV_818-26_Rome_274-AD_Q-001_5h_22-23mm_3,34g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1748, RIC V-I 062, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, -/VII/XXI, Sol walking left,64 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1748, RIC V-I 062, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, -/VII/XXI, Sol walking left,
avers:- IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated, cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- ORIENS AVG, Sol standing left, with right hand raised and holding globe in left hand, right foot resting on a bound captive in oriental dress seated left, on the other side, another bound captive in oriental dress seated right, head turned left. (Sol 2g)
exerg: -/VII/XXI, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 3,34g, axes: 5h,
mint: Rome, iss-8, ph-, off-7 date: 274 A.D., ref: T-1748 (Estiot), RIC V-I 62, p-, LV 818-26,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_ORI-E-NS-AVG_A-XXI-R_RIC-V-63-p-RIC-T-1790_off-1_iss-10_Rome_274-AD_Q-001_11h_20,5-21,5mm_3,59g-s~0.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1790, RIC V-I 063, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, -/-/AXXIR, Sol standing facing, head left, #167 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1790, RIC V-I 063, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, -/-/AXXIR, Sol standing facing, head left, #1
avers:- IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated, cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- ORIENS AVG, Sol standing facing, head left, with right hand raised and holding globe in left hand; at feet, on each side, a bound and seated captive, both head turned back; the captive on the left is in oriental dress, the captive on the right is bearded and in Gallic costume. (Sol 2e)
exerg: -/-/AXXIR, diameter: 20,5-21,5mm, weight: 3,59g, axes: 11h,
mint: Rome, iss-10, ph-, off-1, date: 274 A.D., ref: T-1790 (Estiot), RIC V-I 63, p-,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_ORI-E-NS-AVG_A-XXI-R_RIC-V-63-p-RIC-T-1790_off-1_iss-10_Rome_274-AD_Q-002_6h_21-21,5mm_2,94g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1790, RIC V-I 063, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, -/-/AXXIR, Sol standing facing, head left, #265 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1790, RIC V-I 063, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, -/-/AXXIR, Sol standing facing, head left, #2
avers:- IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated, cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- ORIENS AVG, Sol standing facing, head left, with right hand raised and holding globe in left hand; at feet, on each side, a bound and seated captive, both head turned back; the captive on the left is in oriental dress, the captive on the right is bearded and in Gallic costume. (Sol 2e)
exerg: -/-/AXXIR, diameter: 21-21,5mm, weight: 2,94g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome, iss-10, ph-, off-1, date: 274 A.D., ref: T-1790 (Estiot), RIC V-I 63, p-,
Q-002
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_ORIENS-AVG_A-XX-dot-R_RIC-V--p-RIC-T--rd-off-iss-_Siscia_271-AD__Q-001_axis-h_23-24mm_4,21g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1812var, RIC V-I 064var, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, A/-//XX•R, Sol walking right,177 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1812var, RIC V-I 064var, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, A/-//XX•R, Sol walking right,
avers:- IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. (B1)
revers:- ORIE N S AVG, Sol walking right, holding olive branch in right hand and bow in left hand, left foot resting on a captive in oriental dress kneeling on the ground to right, head turned left, right hand raised. (Sol 8)
exerg: A/-//XX•R, diameter: 223-24mm, weight: 4,23g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome?, date: . A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-64var?., T-1812var?? (or 1832var) (Estiot), C-,R,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_(B1)_ORIE-N-S-AVG_(Sol8)_Gamma-XXIR_RIC-V-I-64-p-T-1817-3th-off-iss-11_Rome_275-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1817, RIC V-I 064, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, Γ/-//XXIR, Sol walking right,64 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1817, RIC V-I 064, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, Γ/-//XXIR, Sol walking right,
avers:- IMP AVRELIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. (B1)
revers:- ORIE N S AVG, Sol walking right, holding olive branch in right hand and bow in left hand, left foot resting on a captive in oriental dress kneeling on the ground to right, head turned left, right hand raised. (Sol 8)
exerg: Γ/-//XXIR, diameter: 21,5mm, weight: g, axes: 11h,
mint: Rome, iss-11, off-3, date: 275 A.D., ref: RI3,21C-V-I-64, T-1817 (Estiot), C-,R,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_(B1)_ORIENS-AVG_(Sol8)_E-XXIR_RIC-V-I-64-p-T-1823-5th-off-iss-11_Rome_275-AD_Q-001_5h_21-21,5mm_4,45g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1823, RIC V-I 064, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, E/-//XXIR, Sol walking right,69 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1823, RIC V-I 064, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, E/-//XXIR, Sol walking right,
avers:- IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. (B1)
revers:- ORIE N S AVG, Sol walking right, holding olive branch in right hand and bow in left hand, left foot resting on a captive in oriental dress kneeling on the ground to right, head turned left, right hand raised. (Sol 8)
exerg: E/-//XXIR, diameter: 21-21,5mm, weight: 4,45g, axes:5 h,
mint: Rome, iss-11, off-5, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I 64, T-1823 (Estiot), C-,R,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_(B1)_ORIE-NS-AVG_(Sol8)_Z-XXIR_RIC-V-I-64-p-T-1826-7th-off-iss-11_Rome_275-AD_Q-001_7h_21,5-22mm_3,14g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1826, RIC V-I 064, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, Z/-//XXIR, Sol walking right, #172 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1826, RIC V-I 064, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, Z/-//XXIR, Sol walking right, #1
avers:- IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. (B1)
revers:- ORIE N S AVG, Sol walking right, holding olive branch in right hand and bow in left hand, left foot resting on a captive in oriental dress kneeling on the ground to right, head turned left, right hand raised. (Sol 8)
exerg: Z/-//XXIR, diameter: 21,5-22mm, weight: 3,14g, axes:7 h,
mint: Rome, iss-11, off-7, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I 64, T-1826 (Estiot), C-,R,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_ORIENS-AVG_Z-_XXI-R_RIC-V-I-64-p-RIC-T-1826-7-off_11-iss_Rome_275-AD_Q-001_5h_20,5-22mm_4,61g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1826, RIC V-I 064, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, Z/-//XXIR, Sol walking right, #298 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1826, RIC V-I 064, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, Z/-//XXIR, Sol walking right, #2
avers:- IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. (B1)
revers:- ORIE N S AVG, Sol walking right, holding olive branch in right hand and bow in left hand, left foot resting on a captive in oriental dress kneeling on the ground to right, head turned left, right hand raised. (Sol 8)
exerg: Z/-//XXIR, diameter: 20,5-22mm, weight: 4,61g, axes:5h,
mint: Rome, iss-11, off-7, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I 64, T-1826 (Estiot), C-,R,
Q-002
1 commentsquadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_(B1)_ORIE-N-S-AVG_(Sol8)_I-XXIR_RIC-V-I-64-p-T-1835-10th-off-iss-11_Rome_275-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1835, RIC V-I 064, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, I/-//XXIR, Sol walking right,75 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1835, RIC V-I 064, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, I/-//XXIR, Sol walking right,
avers:- IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. (B1)
revers:- ORIE N S AVG, Sol walking right, holding olive branch in right hand and bow in left hand, left foot resting on a captive in oriental dress kneeling on the ground to right, head turned left, right hand raised. (Sol 8)
exerg: I/-//XXIR, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Rome, iss-11, off-10, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I 64, T-1835 (Estiot), C-,R,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
T-1882,_Aurelianus,_AE-As,_IMP_AVRELIANVS_AVG,__AVG,_retr__Z,_Roma,_RIC_V-I_80,_off-7,_iss-11,_275-AD,_Q-001,_0h,_24-26,4mm,_6,35g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1882, RIC V-I 080, Rome, AE-As, CONCORDIA AVG, -/-//inv. Z, Empress and Emperor, #156 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1882, RIC V-I 080, Rome, AE-As, CONCORDIA AVG, -/-//inv. Z, Empress and Emperor, #1
avers: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, laureate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum. (D1*)
reverse: CONCORDIA AVG, Empress standing right, clasping the hand of Emperor in military dress standing left, holding long scepter in the left hand, between them, radiate and draped bust of Sol right. (Emperor and Empress 3)
exergue: -/-//inv. Z, diameter: 24,0-26,4mm, weight: 6,35g, axes: 0h,
mint: Rome, iss-11, off-7, date: 275 A.D., ref: T-1882 (Estiot), RIC V-I 80,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_IOVI-CONSERVATORI_star-P_RIC-V-I-227-p-RIC-T-2078_off-2_iss-5_Siscia_271_AD_Q-001_axis-h_mm_g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2078, RIC V-I 225, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSERVATORI, -/-//*P, Emperor and Jupiter,64 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2078, RIC V-I 225, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSERVATORI, -/-//*P, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers:-IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum. (D1)
revers:-IOVI CONSERVATORI, Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand. (Emperor and Jupiter 1c)
exerg: -/-//*P, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, iss-4, off-1, date: 271 A.D., ref: T-2078 (Estiot), RIC V-I 227,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_VIRTVS-MILITVM_Q-star_RIC-V-I-242-RIC-Temp-2121-4th-off-4th-iss_Siscia_271-AD_Q-001_7h_21-22mm_3,11g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2121, RIC V-I 242, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, VIRTVS MILITVM, -/-//Q*, Virtus and Emperor,64 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2121, RIC V-I 242, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, VIRTVS MILITVM, -/-//Q*, Virtus and Emperor,
avers:-IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum. (D1)
revers:-VIRTVS MILITVM, Virtus standing right, holding Victory on globe in right hand and spear over left shoulder, facing Emperor in military dress standing left, holding globe in right hand a long sceptre in left hand. (Virtus and Emperor 1)
exerg: -/-//Q*, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 3,11g, axes: 7h,
mint: Siscia, iss-4, off-4, date: 271 A.D., ref: T-2121 (Estiot), RIC V-I 242,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_IOVI-CONSER_star-S_RIC-V-I-225-p-RIC-T-2144_off-2_iss-5_Siscia_271-72_AD_Q-001_axis-6h_22mm_3,39g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2144, RIC V-I 225, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//*S, Emperor and Jupiter, #1120 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2144, RIC V-I 225, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//*S, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:-IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. (B1)
revers:-IOVI CONSER, Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand. (Emperor and Jupiter 1c)
exerg: -/-//*S, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,39g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia, iss-5, off-2, date: 271-272 A.D., ref: T-2144 (Estiot), RIC V-I 225,
Q-001
quadrans
Aur-xy013-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2144, RIC V-I 225, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//*S, Emperor and Jupiter, #2109 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2144, RIC V-I 225, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//*S, Emperor and Jupiter, #2
avers:-IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. (B1)
revers:-IOVI CONSER, Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand. (Emperor and Jupiter 1c)
exerg: -/-//*S, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, iss-5, off-2, date: 271-272 A.D., ref: T-2144 (Estiot), RIC V-I 225,
Q-002
quadrans
Aur-xy001-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2152, RIC V-I 225, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//*T, Emperor and Jupiter,104 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2152, RIC V-I 225, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//*T, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers:-IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. (B1)
revers:-IOVI CONSER, Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand. (Emperor and Jupiter 1c)
exerg: -/-//*T, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, iss-5, off-3, date: 271-272 A.D2,84., ref: T-2152 (Estiot), RIC V-I 225,
Q-001
quadrans
106_Aurelianus_T-2195,_RIC_V-I_225,_Siscia,_AE-Ant_IMP_AVRELIANVS_AVG,_IOVI_CONSER,_star-S,_iss-6,_off_2,_272-74_AD_Q-001_6h_21-23mm_3,06g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2195, RIC V-I 225, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//*S, Emperor and Jupiter, #190 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2195, RIC V-I 225, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//*S, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:-IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. (B1)
revers:-IOVI CONSER, Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand. (Emperor and Jupiter 1c)
exerg: -/-//*S, diameter: 21,0-23,0mm, weight: 3,06g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia, iss-6, off-2, date: 272-274 A.D., ref: T-2195 (Estiot), RIC V-I 225,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_PACATOR-ORIENTIS_RIC-V-231-RIC-Temp-2211-3rd-off-6th-iss_Siscia_272-274-AD_Q-001_axis-6h_22-23,5mm_3,16g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2211, RIC V-I 231, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, PACATOR ORIENTIS, T/*//--, Emperor and captive,214 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2211, RIC V-I 231, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, PACATOR ORIENTIS, T/*//--, Emperor and captive,
avers:- IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- PACATOR ORIENTIS, Emperor in military dress standing right, holding long sceptre in right hand and pugio in left hand, trampling with left foot on a bound and std. captive in oriental dress right, head turned left. (Emperor 15)
exerg: T/*//--, diameter: 22-23,5mm, weight: 3,16g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia, iss-6, off-3, date: 272-274 A.D., ref: RIC-V-231 T-2211 (Estiot),
Q-001
quadrans
106_Aurelianus_T-2281,_RIC_V-I_254,_Siscia,_AE-Ant_IMP_C_AVRELIANVS_AVG,_ORIENS_AVG,_V,_ph-2,_iss-7,_off-5,_274_AD,_Q-001,_0h,_21-21,5mm,_3,49ga-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2281, RIC V-I 254, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, */-/V, Sol walking left,116 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2281, RIC V-I 254, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, */-/V, Sol walking left,
avers: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated, cuirassed bust right. (B1)
reverse: ORIENS AVG, Sol standing left, with right hand raised and holding globe in left hand, right foot resting on a bound captive in oriental dress seated left, on the other side, another bound captive in oriental dress seated right, head turned left. (Sol 2g)
exergue: */-/V, diameter: 21,0-21,5mm, weight: 3,49g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, iss-7, ph-2, off-5, date: 274 A.D., ref: T-2281 (Estiot), RIC V-I 254,
Q-001
quadrans
Aur-xy006-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2325, RIC V-I 254, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, */-/VI, Sol walking left,120 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2325, RIC V-I 254, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, */-/VI, Sol walking left,
avers:- IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated, cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- ORIENS AVG, Sol standing left, with right hand raised and holding globe in left hand, right foot resting on a bound captive in oriental dress seated left, on the other side, another bound captive in oriental dress seated right, head turned left. (Sol 2g)
exerg: */-/VI, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, iss-7, ph-3, off-6, date: 274 A.D., ref: T-2325 (Estiot), RIC V-I 254,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-AVRELIANVS-AVG_ORIENS-AVG_XX-dot-I-S_RIC-V-255-p-RIC-T-2366_off-2_iss-9_Siscia_274-75-AD_Q-001_axis-11h_22-23mm_3,94g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2366v, RIC V-I 255, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, -/-//XX•IS, Sol walking left,82 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2366v, RIC V-I 255, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, -/-//XX•IS, Sol walking left,
avers:- IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated, cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- ORIENS AVG, Sol walking left, raising right hand and holding whip in left hand, at feet, on each side, a bound and std. captive in oriental dress, the captive on the right has his head turned left. (Sol 1b)
exerg: -/-//XX•IS, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 3,94g, axes: 11h,
mint: Siscia, iss-9, off-2, date: , ref: T-2366v (Estiot), RIC V-I 255,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-AVRELIANVS-AVG_ORIENS-AVG_XX-dot-I-S_RIC-V-255-p-RIC-T-2366_off-2_iss-9_Siscia_274-75-AD_Q-001_axis-h_mm_g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2373, RIC V-I 255, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, -/-/XXIT, Sol walking left,85 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2373, RIC V-I 255, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, -/-/XXIT, Sol walking left,
avers:- IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated, cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- ORIENS AVG, Sol walking left, raising right hand and holding whip in left hand, at feet, on each side, a bound and seated captive in oriental dress, the captive on the right has his head turned left. (Sol 1b)
exerg: -/-/XXIT, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, iss-9, ph-1, off-3, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: T-2373 (Estiot), RIC V-I 255,
Q-001
quadrans
106_Aurelianus_(270-275_A_D_),_T-2511,_RIC_V-I_407,_IMP_AVRELIANVS_AVG,_VIRT(·)MILITVM,_Gamma,_Uncertain_Balkan_mint,_iss-2__ph-1,_off-3,_272-3AD,_Q-001,_h,_22-23,5mm,_g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2511, RIC V-I 407, Uncertain Balkan mint, AE-Antoninianus, -/-//Γ, VIRT•MILITVM, Emperor and soldier, #1147 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2511, RIC V-I 407, Uncertain Balkan mint, AE-Antoninianus, -/-//Γ, VIRT•MILITVM, Emperor and soldier, #1
avers: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right. (B1)
reverse: VIRT•MILI T VM, Soldier standing right, holding spear (or long sceptre) in right hand and globe in left hand, facing Emperor in military dress standing left holding Victory in right hand and transversal spear (or long sceptre) in left hand. (Emperor and soldier 1)
exergue: -/-//Γ, diameter: 22,0-23,5mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Uncertain Balkan mint, off-3, iss-2, Ph 1, date: 272-273 A.D., ref: T-2511 (Estiot), RIC V-I 407,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Silvered-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG-D1_IOVI-CON-SER-1b_P_RIC-V-260var-RIC-T-2559_1-1st-off_1st-iss_Serdica_271-AD__Q-001_axis-7h_21mm_2,95g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2559.1, RIC V-I 260var, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//P, Emperor and Jupiter, Extr. Rare!!!149 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2559.1, RIC V-I 260var, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//P, Emperor and Jupiter, Extr. Rare!!!
avers:- IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
revers:- IOVI CON SER, Emperor in military dress standing right, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand, (EJ1b).
exerg: -/-//P, diameter: 21mm, weight: 2,95g, axes: 7h,
mint: Serdica, iss-1, off-1, date: 271. A.D., ref: T-2559.1 (Estiot), RIC V-I 260var, Extr. Rare!!!,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG(G6)_IOVI-C(O)NSER(EJ1c)_S_RIC-V-I-260-p-T-2581_off-2_iss-2_Serdica_271_AD_Q-001_5h_22mm_3,39g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2581, RIC V-I 260, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI C(O)NSER, -/-//S, Emperor and Jupiter, Rare!70 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2581, RIC V-I 260, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI C(O)NSER, -/-//S, Emperor and Jupiter, Rare!
avers:-IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. (G6)
revers:-IOVI C(O)NSER ("O" missing), Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand. (Emperor and Jupiter 1c)
exerg: -/-//S, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,39g, axes: 5h,
mint: Serdica, iss-2, off-2, date: 271 A.D., ref: T-2581 (Estiot), RIC V-I 260, Rare!
Q-001
quadrans
T-2607_Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-P-AVG_IOVI-CON-SER_P_RIC-V-I-264var__p-_T-2607_off-1_iss-4_Serdica_273-74_AD_Q-001_6h_22mm_3,38g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2607, RIC V-I 264var., Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//P, Emperor and Jupiter, 97 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2607, RIC V-I 264var., Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//P, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers: IMP AVRELIANVS P AVG D1, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed, (B1).
revers: IOVI CON SER (1b), Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand, (EJ1c).
exerg: -/-//P, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,38g, axes: 6h,
mint: Serdica, iss-4, off-1, date: 273-274. A.D., ref: T-2607 (Estiot), RIC V-I 264var,
Q-001
quadrans
T-2616_Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_IOVI-CONSER_S_RIC-V-I-260-p-T-2616_off-2_iss-4_Siscia_273-74_AD_Q-001_11h_22,5-23,5mm_3,50g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2616, RIC V-I 260, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//S, Emperor and Jupiter, 125 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2616, RIC V-I 260, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//S, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, right arm visible (D3).
revers: IOVI CON SER, Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand, (E-J1c).
exerg: -/-//S, diameter: 22,5-23,5mm, weight: 3,50g, axes: 11h,
mint: Serdica, iss-4, off-2, date: 273-274. A.D., ref: T-2616 (Estiot), RIC V-I 260,
Q-001
quadrans
106_Aurelianus,_T-2637,_RIC_V-I_276,_Serdica,_AE-Ant,_IMP_AVRELIANVS_AVG(B1),_ORIENS_AVG(Sol_2c),_S,_iss-5,_Ph-2,_off-2,_274_AD,_Q-001,_11h,_23-24mm,_3,37g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2637, RIC V-I 276, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, -/-//S, Sol standing facing, head left, #166 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2637, RIC V-I 276, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, -/-//S, Sol standing facing, head left, #1
avers: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated, cuirassed bust right. (B1)
reverse: ORIE NS AVG, Sol standing facing, head left, with right hand raised and holding the globe in left hand, at feet to left, a bound and seated captive in oriental dress. (Sol 2c)
exergue: -/-//S, diameter: 23,0-24,0mm, weight: 3,37g, axes: 11h,
mint: Serdica, iss-5, phase-2, off-2, date:274 A.D., ref: T-2637 (Estiot), RIC V-I 276,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-AVRELIANVS-AVG(B1)_ORIENS-AVG(Sol2g)_S_RIC-V-I-278-T-2644-iss-6_off-2_Ph-1_Serdica_274-AD_Q-001_0h_mm_g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2644, RIC V-I 278, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, -/-//S, Sol walking left,64 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2644, RIC V-I 278, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, -/-//S, Sol walking left,
avers:- IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated, cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- ORIENS AVG, Sol walking left, raising right hand and holding globe in left hand, right foot resting on a bound captive in oriental dress seated left; on the other side, another bound captive in oriental dress seated right, head turned left, (Sol 2g)
exerg: -/-//S, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Serdica, iss-6, off-2, pnase-1, date:274 A.D., ref: T-2644 (Estiot), RIC V-I 278,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus-AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-AVRELIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_RESTITVT-OR-BIS_star_KAdot-Gamma-dot_RIC-V-I-Not-in_T-2790_Serdica_274-5AD-Rare_Q-001_axis-0h_21-23mm_3,79g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2790, RIC V-I Not in !!!, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT ORBIS, *//KA•Γ•, Female and Emperor, Rare !!!138 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2790, RIC V-I Not in !!!, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT ORBIS, *//KA•Γ•, Female and Emperor, Rare !!!
avers:- IMP C AVRELIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- RESTITVTOR ORBIS, Female figure standing right, crowning Emperor in military dress standing left, holding spear (or long sceptre) in left hand. (Emperor and Woman 1)
exerg: *//KA•Γ•, diameter: 21-23mm, weight: 3,79g, axes: 0h,
mint: Serdica, off-3, iss-8, phase-2, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: T-2790 (Estiot), RIC V-I Not in RIC!!!, Very Rare!!!,
Q-001
quadrans
T-2817_106_Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-AVRELIANVS-P-AVG_(B1)_RESTITVT-OR-BIS_(EW1)_star_KA_Delta__RIC-V-I-296_T-2817_Serdica_iss-8_ph-2_off-4_274-5-AD_Q-001_5h_21,4-22mm_4,45g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2817, RIC V-I 296, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT ORBIS, *//KA•Δ•, Female and Emperor,94 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2817, RIC V-I 296, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT ORBIS, *//KA•Δ•, Female and Emperor,
avers: IMP C AVRELIANVS P AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right, (B1).
revers: RESTITVT ORBIS, Female figure standing right, crowning Emperor in military dress standing left, holding spear (or long sceptre) in left hand, (Emperor and Woman 1).
exerg: *//KA•Δ•, diameter: 21,4-22mm, weight: 4,45g, axes: 5h,
mint: Serdica, off-4, ph-2, iss-8, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: T-2817 (Estiot), RIC V-I 296,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-L-DOM-AVRELIANVS-AVG_(B1)_RESTITVT-OR-BIS_()_KAdotDeltadot_RIC-V-I-Not_in-p-T-Not_in_Serdica_273-74-AD_Q-001_0h_22,5-24,5mm_3,85ga-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2819 (star are not visible), RIC V-I 287var., Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT ORBIS, (*)//KA•Δ•, Female and Emperor,78 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2819 (star are not visible), RIC V-I 287var., Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT ORBIS, (*)//KA•Δ•, Female and Emperor,
avers: IMP C L DOM AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right. (B1)
reverse: RESTITVT OR BIS, Female figure standing right, crowning Emperor in military dress standing left, holding spear (or long scepter) in the left hand. (Emperor and Woman 1)
exergue: (*)//KA•Δ•, diameter: 22,5-24,5mm, weight: 3,85g, axes: 0h,
mint: Serdica, off-4, iss-8, ph-2, date: A.D., ref: T- 2819 (star are not visible) (Estiot), RIC V-I 287var.,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_CONCORD-MILIT_starCstarP_RIC-V-I-342-RIC-Temp-2949-2nd-off-5th-iss_Cyzicus_272-AD_Q-001_11h_22-23mm_4,35g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2949, RIC V-I 342, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//*C*, Emperor and Jupiter,65 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, T-2949, RIC V-I 342, Cyzicus, -/-//*C*, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers:- IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed (B1).
revers:- CONCORD MILIT, Emperor in military dress stg. r., holding short sceptre in l. hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter stg. l., holding long sceptre in l. hand.
exerg: -/-//*C*, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 4,35g, axes: 11h,
mint: Cyzicus, iss-5th, off-2nd, date: 272-A.D., ref: T-2949 (Estiot), RIC V-I 342,
Q-002
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_RIC-V-347-p-_T-2966_off-2_iss-6_Ph-2_Cyzicus_272-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2966, RIC V-I 347, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT ORBIS, -/-//C*S, Female and Emperor,68 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2966, RIC V-I 347, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT ORBIS, -/-//C*S, Female and Emperor,
avers:- IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- RESTITVT O RBIS, Female figure standing right, crowning Emperor in military dress standing left, holding spear (or long sceptre) in left hand. (Emperor and Woman 1)
exerg: -/-//C*S, diameter: 22-23,5mm, weight: 3,42g, axes: 5h,
mint: Cyzicus, off-2, iss-6, phase-2, date: 273-274 A.D., ref: T-2966 (Estiot), RIC V-I 3347,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-AVRELIANVS-AVG_RESTITVTOR-ORBIS_Star-Gamma_RIC-V-I-349corr_-p-_T-2983_off-3_iss-7_Ph-3_Cyzicus_272-3-AD_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2983, RIC V-I 349corr, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT ORBIS, -/-//*Γ, Female and Emperor,64 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2983, RIC V-I 349corr, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT ORBIS, -/-//*Γ, Female and Emperor,
avers:- IMP C AVRELIANVS-AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- RESTITVT O RBIS, Female figure standing right, crowning Emperor in military dress standing left, holding spear (or long sceptre) in left hand, between them, small male figure seating on the ground to right, keeps his hands back (Emperor and Woman 1a).
exerg: -/-//*Γ, diameter: 22-22,5mm, weight: 2,96g, axes: 7h,
mint: Cyzicus, off-3, iss-7, phase-3, date: 272-273 A.D., ref: T-2983 (Estiot), RIC V-I 349corr,
Q-001
quadrans
106_Aurelianus,_T-2984,_RIC_V-I_349corr_,_Cyzicus,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_AVRELIANVS_AVG,_RESTITVTOR_ORBIS,_sztar-Delta,_iss-7,_off-4,_272-3,_AD,_Q-001,_11h,_20-21,5mm,_3,34g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2984, RIC V-I 349corr., Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVTOR ORBIS, -/-//*Δ, Female figure standing right, crowning Emperor, #1114 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2984, RIC V-I 349corr., Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVTOR ORBIS, -/-//*Δ, Female figure standing right, crowning Emperor, #1
avers: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. (B1)
reverse: RESTITVTOR ORBIS, Female figure standing right, crowning Emperor in military dress standing left, holding spear (or long sceptre) in the left hand, between them, small male figure kneeling (or seating on the ground) to right raising arms. (Emperor and Woman 1a)
exergue: -/-//*Δ, diameter: 20,0-21,5mm, weight: 3,34g, axes: 11h,
mint: Cyzicus, iss-7, off-4, date: 272-273 A.D., ref: T-2984 (Estiot), RIC V-I 349corr.,
Q-001
quadrans
Aur-xy009-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2992, RIC V-I 368corr, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVTOR ORBIS, -/-//ΓC, Female and Emperor,133 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2992, RIC V-I 368corr, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVTOR ORBIS, -/-//ΓC, Female and Emperor,
avers:- IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- RESTITVTOR ORBIS, Female figure standing right, crowning Emperor in military dress standing left, holding spear (or long sceptre) in left hand. (Emperor and Woman 1)
exerg: -/-//ΓC, diameter: 21,5-23mm, weight: 3,83g, axes: 11h,
mint: Cyzicus, off-3, iss-8, date: 273-274 A.D., ref: T-2992 (Estiot), RIC V-I 368corr,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_(B1)_ORIENS-AVG_(Sol2c)_C-B_RIC-V-I-361-p-T-3011-2nd-off-iss-8-Phase-3_Cyzicus_273-74-AD_Q-001_0h_22,5-24,5mm_3,85g-s~0.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-3011, RIC V-I 361, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, -/-//CB, Sol and captive, R!64 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-3011, RIC V-I 361, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, -/-//CB, Sol and captive, R!
avers:- IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed, (B1).
revers:- ORIE N S AVG, Sol standig left, with right hand raised and holding globe in left hand, right foot resting on a bound captive in oriental dress seated left. (Sol 2c)
exerg: -/-//CB, diameter: 22,5-24,5mm, weight: 3,85g, axes: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, iss-8 ph-3, off-2, date: 273-274 A.D., ref: T-3011 (Estiot), RIC V-I 361, R,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-AVRELIANVS-AVG-B1_ORIE-N-S_AVG-Sol2f_B-C_RIC-xx_C-xx_Cyzicus-8issue_272-275-AD__Q-001_25mm_3,67g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-3012, RIC V-I 360, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, -/-//BC, Sol and captive,80 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-3012, RIC V-I 360, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, -/-//BC, Sol and captive,
avers:- IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed, (B1).
revers:- ORIE N S AVG, Sol standig left, with right hand raised and holding globe in left hand, right foot resting on a bound captive in oriental dress seated left. (Sol 2f)
exerg: -/-//BC, diameter: 25mm, weight: 3,67g, axes: 1h,
mint: Cyzicus, iss-8 ph-3, off-2, date: 273-274 A.D., ref: T-3012 (Estiot), RIC V-I 360, R,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus-AE-Antoninianus_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_RESTITVT-OR-EX-ERCITI_B_XXI_RIC-V-I-366_T-3088_Cyzicus_iss-10_ph-2_off-2_275AD_Q-001_1h_21-22,5mm_3,79g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-3088, RIC V-I 366, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVTOR EXERCITI, B//XXI, Mars and Emperor, #168 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-3088, RIC V-I 366, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVTOR EXERCITI, B//XXI, Mars and Emperor, #1
avers: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right. (B1)
reverse: RESTITVT OR EX ERCITI, Mars in military dress standing right, holding the spear in left hand, giving globe to Emperor standing left, holding long scepter in left hand. (Mars and Emperor 1)
exergue: B//XXI, diameter: 21-22,5mm, weight: 3,79g, axes: 1h,
mint: Cyzicus, off-2, iss-10, phase-2, date: 275 A.D., ref: T-3088 (Estiot), RIC V-I 366,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
106_Aurelianus,_T-3099,_RIC_V-I_366,_Cyzicus,_AE-Ant,_IMP_AVRELIANVS_AVG(B1),_RESTITVT_OR_EX_ERCITI(M-E1)_E_XXI,_iss-10,_ph-2,_off-5,_275_AD,_Q-001,_0h,_21,5-22,5mm,_4,08g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-3099, RIC V-I 366, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVTOR EXERCITI, Є//XXI, Mars and Emperor, #167 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-3099, RIC V-I 366, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVTOR EXERCITI, Є//XXI, Mars and Emperor, #1
avers: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right. (B1)
reverse: RESTITV TOR EX ERCITI, Mars in military dress standing right, holding the spear in left hand, giving globe to Emperor standing left, holding long scepter in left hand. (Mars and Emperor 1)
exergue: Є//XXI, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 4,08g, axes: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, off-5, iss-10, phase-2, date: 275 A.D., ref: T-3099 (Estiot), RIC V-I 366, LV 10761-73,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
T-3137,_106_Aurelianus_RIC_V-I_386,_Antioch,_AE-Ant_IMP_C_AVRELIANVS_AVG,_RESTITVT_ORBIS,_A,_iss-4,_off-1,_272-3,_AD__Q-001,_0h,_21mm,_3,75g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-3137, RIC V-I 386, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT ORBIS, -/-//A, Female, and Emperor,90 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-3137, RIC V-I 386, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT ORBIS, -/-//A, Female, and Emperor,
avers: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right. (B1)
reverse: RESTITVT OR BIS, Female figure standing right, crowning Emperor in military dress standing left, holding spear (or long sceptre) in the left hand. (Emperor and Woman 1)
exergue: -/-//A, diameter: 21,0mm, weight: 3,75g, axes: 0h,
mint: Antioch, off-1, iss-4, date: 272-273 A.D., ref: T-3137 (Estiot), RIC V-I 386,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3148,_106_Aurelianus_RIC_V-I_386,_Antioch,_AE-Ant_IMP_C_AVRELIANVS_AVG,_RESTITVT_ORBIS,_E,_iss-4,_off-5,_272-3,_AD__Q-001,_0h,_22mm,_3,25g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-3148, RIC V-I 386, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT ORBIS, -/-//Є, Female, and Emperor,78 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-3148, RIC V-I 386, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT ORBIS, -/-//Є, Female, and Emperor,
avers: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right. (B1)
reverse: RESTITVT OR BIS, Female figure standing right, crowning Emperor in military dress standing left, holding spear (or long sceptre) in the left hand. (Emperor and Woman 1)
exergue: -/-//Є, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,25g, axes: 0h,
mint: Antioch, off-5, iss-4, date: 272-273 A.D., ref: T-3148 (Estiot), RIC V-I 386,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-AVRELIANVS-AVG_RESTITVTdotO-RBIS_Z_RIC-V-386-p-_T-3152_off-7_iss-4_Antioch_272-3-AD_Q-001_h_mm_ga-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-3152, RIC V-I 386, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT•ORBIS, -/-//Z, Female and Emperor,87 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-3152, RIC V-I 386, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT•ORBIS, -/-//Z, Female and Emperor,
avers:- IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- RESTITVT•O-RBIS, Female figure standing right, crowning Emperor in military dress standing left, holding spear (or long sceptre) in left hand. (Emperor and Woman 1)
exerg: -/-//Z, diameter: 21mm, weight: 2,85g, axes: 11h,
mint: Antioch, off-7, iss-4, date: 272-273 A.D., ref: T-3152 (Estiot), RIC V-I 386,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3169_Aurelianus-AE-Antoninianus_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_CONSE-R-VAT-AVG_Delta_XXI_RIC-V-I-385_T-3169_Antioch_iss-5_off-4_274-5_AD_Q-001_11h_21,2-21,8mm_2,94g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-3169, RIC V-I 385, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONSERVAT AVG, -/Δ//XXI, Sol and captive, R!,138 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-3169, RIC V-I 385, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONSERVAT AVG, -/Δ//XXI, Sol and captive, R!,
avers:- IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed, (B1).
revers:- CONSE R VAT AVG, Sol standig left, with right hand raised and holding globe in left hand, right foot resting on a bound captive in oriental dress seated left. (Sol 2f)
exerg: -/Δ//XXI, diameter: 21,2-21,8mm, weight: 2,94g, axes: 11h,
mint: Antioch, iss-5, off-4, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: T-3169 (Estiot), RIC V-I 385, R!, (2nd. known example after by Estiot site),
Q-001
quadrans
T-3180_Aurelianus-AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-AVRELIANVS-AVG_RESTITVT-OR-BIS_Z_XXI_RIC-V-I-386_T-3180_Antioch_iss-5_off-7_274-5_AD_Q-001_5h_21,3-22,4mm_3,68g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-3180, RIC V-I 386, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT ORBIS, Z//XXI, Female and Emperor,108 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-3180, RIC V-I 386, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT ORBIS, Z//XXI, Female and Emperor,
avers:- IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- RESTITVT ORBIS, Female figure standing right, crowning Emperor in military dress standing left, holding spear (or long sceptre) in left hand. (Emperor and Woman 1)
exerg: Z//XXI, diameter: 21mm, weight: 3,68g, axes: 5h,
mint: Antioch, off-7, iss-5, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: T-3180 (Estiot), RIC V-I 386,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3227_Aurelianus-AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-AVRELIANVS-AVG_RESTITVT-ORdotBIS_star_XXI_RIC-V-I-389_T-3227_Tripolis_iss-3_off-2_274_AD_Q-001_6h_21,8-24,2mm_3,45g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-3227, RIC V-I 389, Tripolis, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT OR•BIS, *//KA, Female and Emperor,119 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-3227, RIC V-I 389, Tripolis, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT OR•BIS, *//KA, Female and Emperor,
avers:- IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- RESTITVT OR •BIS, Female figure standing right, crowning Emperor in military dress standing left, holding spear (or long sceptre) in left hand. (Emperor and Woman 1)
exerg: *//KA, diameter: 21,8-24,2mm, weight: 3,45g, axes: 6h,
mint: Tripolis, off-2, iss-3, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: T-3227 (Estiot), RIC V-I 389, LV 10828,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3203_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERINA-PF-AVG_CONCORDIA-AVG_V_XXI_RIC-19v__T-3203_Antioch_iss-7_off-5_275-AD_Q-001_0h_23mm_4,61g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3203 (Estiot), RIC V-I 019var, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG, V//XXI, Emperor and Empress, R!203 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3203 (Estiot), RIC V-I 019var, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG, V//XXI, Emperor and Empress, R!
avers:- SEVERINA-PF-AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORDIA-AVG, Emperor togate (no laurel crown) standing right, clasping the hand of Empress standing left. (Emperor and Empress 1)
"A very interesting coin from the historical point of view as it belongs to the issues dating from Severina's interregnum after the assassination of Aurelian (september-november 275).
"As far as the organisation of coin production was concerned, we see that from the end of 274, certain officinae in some of the mints struck coins exclusively for Severina: this is the case with issues 2-4 at Lyon, issues 10-11 at Rome and issue 4 at Ticinum. After the death of Aurelian, the officinae are no longer shared between Aurelian and Severina: at Lyon, there is a 5th issue attested by coins in the name of Severina only, and the same applies to the 12th issue at Rome where the empress monopolizes the six active équipes, and the 5th issue at Ticinum, where all six officinae struck coins just for Severina. It is clear that the Empress as regent was exercising alone power and right to coin.
In fact the evidence shows that all eight mints that were active in the autumn of 275 across the Empire were producing issues in the name of Severina alone. The mint at Serdica struck coins for Severina with the legend Severina Augusta.The mint at Antioch exceptionally gave the Empress the titles P(ia) F(elix), normally reserved for emperors; on the reverse, the legend is changed from the plural form Concordia Augg (Augustorum) to the singular Concordia Aug, which may be expanded as Concordia Augustae. The type no longer shows the standard reverse, Aurelian shaking the hand of Concordia, but an anonymous male figure, now without laurel-wreath and sceptre, shaking the hand of Severina, who is easily recognizable by her characteristic hairdress and is shown in a larger size. At Alexandria, coins in the name of Severina continued to be struck as the mint received the news of Aurelian’s assassination, and stopped issuing his coins: the hoards from Karanis have 5 tetradrachms of the 7th year of Aurelian (that is after 29 August 275), but 25 of Severina."
(From the website Monnaies de l'Empire Romain / Roman Imperial Coinage 268-276 AD : http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/info/hist5#severine)"
by S. Estiot. Thank you S. Estiot.
exerg: V//XXI, diameter: 23mm, weight: 4,61g, axes: 0h,
mint: Antioch, iss-7, off-5, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-19var., T-3203 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
11-Alex-Pella-P527.jpg
11. "Pella": Tetradrachm in the name of Alexander the Great.34 viewsTetradrachm, ca 280 - 275 BC, "Pella" mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. Monogram under throne, Triton at left.
16.95 gm., 29 mm.
P. #527.

Following the overthrow of Demetrios Poliorketes by Lysimachos in 288 BC, there was a period of about a dozen years where no ruler was able to establish himself for any length of time in Macedonia. In 277 BC, Antigonos Gonatas achieved a victory over Gallic invaders in Thrace, and that enabled him to claim his father's throne. He ruled until 239 BC and the Macedonian kingdom prospered during his reign.
This coin was issued about the time Antigonos became king and established his own coinage. The decade 280 - 270 BC was a troubled one for the area due to the Gallic invasions (279 - 276 BC), and coins in the name of Alexander the Great from this decade are not common.
Callimachus
T-3365,_Tacitus,_AE-Ant_,_IMP_C_M_CL_TACITVS_AVG_(D1),MART_I_P_ACIF_(M1c),_S,_RIC-145,_iss-1,_off-2,_Ticinum_275_AD,_Q-001,_1h,_21,5mm,_3,32g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3365, RIC V-I 145, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, MARTI PACIF, -/-//S, Bust-B1, Mars left, #168 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3365, RIC V-I 145, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, MARTI PACIF, -/-//S, Bust-B1, Mars left, #1
avers: IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum. (D1).
reverse: MART I P ACIF, Mars in military dress walking left, holding an olive branch in right hand, transverse spear and long oval shield in left hand. (Mars 1c).
exergue: -/-//S, diameter: 21,5mm, weight: 3,32g, axes: 1h,
mint: Ticinum, iss.-1., off.-2., date: 275 AD., ref: RIC-145., T-(Estiot)-3365, C-,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
T-3366_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(B1)_MART-I-P-ACIF-(M1c)_S_RIC-145_T-3366_iss-1_off_2_Ticinum-275-AD_Q-001_6h_22mm_3,76g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3366, RIC V-I 145, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, MARTI PACIF, -/-//S, Bust-B1, Mars left, #164 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3366, RIC V-I 145, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, MARTI PACIF, -/-//S, Bust-B1, Mars left, #1
avers: IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. (B1).
reverse: MART I P ACIF, Mars in military dress walking left, holding an olive branch in right hand, transverse spear and long oval shield in left hand. (Mars 1c).
exergue: -/-//S, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,76g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, iss.-1., off.-2., date: 276 AD., ref: RIC-145., T-(Estiot)-3366, C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3408_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-CM-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(D1l)_MART-I-P-ACIF-(M1c)_S_T-3408_Ticinum-276-AD_Q-0017h_21,5-23mm_3,75g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3408, RIC V-I 145, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, MARTI PACIF, -/-//S, Bust-D1., Mars advancing left, #1100 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3408, RIC V-I 145, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, MARTI PACIF, -/-//S, Bust-D1., Mars advancing left, #1
avers: IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
reverse: MART I P ACIF, Mars in military dress walking left, holding an olive branch in right hand, transverse spear and long oval shield in left hand, (M1c).
exergue: -/-//S, diameter: 21,5-23,0mm, weight: 3,75g, axes: 7h,
mint: Ticinum, issue-2., off-2., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC V-I 145, T-(Estiot)-3408, LV 1565-604,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
T-3413_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-CM-CL-TACITVS-P-F-AVG-(D1l)_MART-I-P-ACIF-(M1c)_S_RIC-temp-3413_Ticinum-276-AD_Q-001_6h_21-22mm_3,77g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3413, RIC V-I ???, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, MARTI PACIF, -/-//S, Bust-D1.left, Mars advancing left, #172 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3413, RIC V-I ???, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, MARTI PACIF, -/-//S, Bust-D1.left, Mars advancing left, #1
avers: IMP C M CL TACITVS P F AVG, Bust left, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1l.).
reverse: MART I P ACIF, Mars in military dress walking left, holding an olive branch in right hand, transverse spear and long oval shield in left hand, (M1c).
exergue: -/-//S, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 3,77g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, issue-2., off-2., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-, T-(Estiot)-3413, LV 1605,
Q-001
quadrans
Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(D1)_CLEM-ENTIA-TEMP-(Mars-4)_XXIZ_RIC-V-I-83_T-3510-(Estiot)_iss-2_off-7_Rome-275-AD_Q-001_11h_22-23mm_3,90g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3510, RIC V-I 083, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, -/-/XXIZ, Bust-D1, Mars in military dress standing left, #164 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3510, RIC V-I 083, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, -/-/XXIZ, Bust-D1, Mars in military dress standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
revers:- CLEM-ENTIA-TEMP, Mars in military dress stg. (or walking) l., holding olive branch in r. hand, spear and shield which rests on ground in l. hand. (Mars-4).
exerg: -/-/XXIZ, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 3,90g, axes: 11h,
mint: Rome, .issue-2, .off-7., date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-83, T-(Estiot)-3510,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3836_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG_MART-I-P-ACIF_V_RIC-145_Siscia-5th-issue_276-AD__Q-001_6h_22,5mm_4,80ga-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3836, RIC V-I 145, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, MARTI PACIF, -/-//V, Bust-B1, Mars in military dress walking left, #164 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3836, RIC V-I 145, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, MARTI PACIF, -/-//V, Bust-B1, Mars in military dress walking left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. (B1).
revers:- MART-I-P-ACIF, Mars in military dress walking left, holding olive branch in r. hand, transverse spear and long oval shield in l. hand. (Mars 1c).
exerg: -/-//V, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 4,80g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia, 5th.issue, date: 276 AD., ref: RIC-145., T-(Estiot)-3836, C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3899_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-CM-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(D1)_COSERVAT-MILIT-(ME-1)_A_KA_RIC-191corr_off-1_iss-2_T-3899_Serdica_276_AD_Q-001_h_mm_ga-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3899, RIC V-I 191corr, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, CONSERVAT MILIT, A//KA, Bust-D1, Mars and Emperor, #165 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3899, RIC V-I 191corr, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, CONSERVAT MILIT, A//KA, Bust-D1, Mars and Emperor, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum (D1).
revers: CONSERVAT-MILIT, Mars in military dress stg. r., holding spear in l. hand, giving globe to Emperor stg. l., holding long sceptre in l. hand. (MarsEmp1).
exerg: A//KA, diameter: 22,5mm, weight:4,22g, axes: 0h,
mint: Serdica, issue-2., off-1., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-191corr., T-(Estiot)-3899, C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T----_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(D1)_CONSERVATOR-M-ILITVM-(ME1)_KA_RIC-temp----_Cyzicus_275-AD_Q-001_5h_21,5-23mm_4,20g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3986.1 (?), RIC V-I , Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONSERVATOR MILITVM, -/-//KA, Bust-D1, Mars and Emperor, 101 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3986.1 (?), RIC V-I , Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONSERVATOR MILITVM, -/-//KA, Bust-D1, Mars and Emperor,
avers: IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum (D1).
reverse: CONSERVATOR-MILITVM, Mars in military dress stg. r., holding spear in l. hand, giving globe to Emperor stg. l., holding long sceptre in l. hand. (MarsEmp1).
exergue: -/-//KA, diameter: 21,5-23mm, weight:4,20g, axes: 5h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-, T-(Estiot)-3986.1 ???, Not in the Estiot this avers legend/reverse variation !!! , C-,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
T-4002_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-CM-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(D1)_SPE-S-PVBLICA-(VE2)_Epsilon_KA_RIC-temp-4002_Cyzicus-276-AD_Q-001_11h_22,5mm_3,87g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4002, RIC V-I 208, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, SPES PVBLICA, E//KA, Bust-D1, Victory and Emperor, #167 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4002, RIC V-I 208, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, SPES PVBLICA, E//KA, Bust-D1, Victory and Emperor, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
revers:-SPE-S-PVBLICA, Victory stg. r., holding wreath in r. hand and palm against l. shoulder, facing Emperor in military dress stg. l., r. hand outstretched and holding long sceptre in l. hand. (Vict-Emp-2).
exerg: E//KA, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 3,87g, axes: 11h,
mint: Cyzicus, issue-1., off-5., date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-208, T-(Estiot)-4002,
Q-001
quadrans
Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(D1)_SPE-S-PVBLICA-(Vict-Emp-2)_P_RIC-V-I-208_T-4024-(Estiot)_iss-3_off-1_Cyzicus-276-AD_Q-001_0h_24-22mm_4,25g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4024, RIC V-I 208, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, SPES PVBLICA, -/-//P, Bust-D1, Victory and Emperor, #178 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4024, RIC V-I 208, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, SPES PVBLICA, -/-//P, Bust-D1, Victory and Emperor, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
revers:-SPE-S-PVBLICA, Victory stg. r., holding wreath in r. hand and palm against l. shoulder, facing Emperor in military dress stg. l., r. hand outstretched and holding long sceptre in l. hand. (Vict-Emp-2).
exerg: -/-//P, diameter: 22-24mm, weight: 4,25g, axes: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, issue-3., off-1., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-208var, T-(Estiot)-4024,
Q-001
quadrans
Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-CM-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(B1)_SPES-PVBLICA-()_Q_RIC-208var_T-4030_Cyzicus_iss-3_off-2_276-AD_Q-001_11h_21,5-22,5mm_3,72g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4030, RIC V-I 208, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, SPES PVBLICA, -/-//Q, Bust-D1, Victory and Emperor, #167 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4030, RIC V-I 208, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, SPES PVBLICA, -/-//Q, Bust-D1, Victory and Emperor, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
revers:-SPE-S-PVBLICA, Victory stg. r., holding wreath in r. hand and palm against l. shoulder, facing Emperor in military dress stg. l., r. hand outstretched and holding long sceptre in l. hand. (Vict-Emp-2).
exerg: -/-//Q, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,72g, axes: 11h,
mint: Cyzicus, issue-3., off-2., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-208var, T-(Estiot)-4030,
Q-001
quadrans
T-4033_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(D1)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP-(ME1)_T_RIC-temp-4032_Cyzicus_276-AD__Q-001_0h_21,5-23mm_3,95g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4032, RIC V-I ???, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, -/-//T, Bust-D1, Mars and Emperor, #179 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4032, RIC V-I ???, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, -/-//T, Bust-D1, Mars and Emperor, #1
avers: IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum. (D1).
reverse: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Mars in military dress standing right, holding the spear in left hand, giving globe to Emperor standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand. (Mars and Emperor 1).
exergue: -/-//T, diameter: 21,5-23,0mm, weight: 3,95g, axes: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, 3rd.issue, 3rd.off., date: 276 AD., ref: RIC-??., T-(Estiot)-4032, C-, LV 2421-2,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
T-4033_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(D2)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP-(ME1)_T_RIC-temp-4033_Cyzicus_276-AD__Q-001_1h_21,5mm_3,84g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4033, RIC V-I ???, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, -/-//T, Bust-D2, Mars and Emperor, #168 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4033, RIC V-I ???, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, -/-//T, Bust-D2, Mars and Emperor, #1
avers: IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, seen from the rear. (D2).
reverse: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Mars in military dress stg. r., holding the spear in l. hand, giving globe to Emperor stg. l., holding long sceptre in l. hand. (Mars and Emperor 1).
exergue: -/-//T, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,65g, axes: 1h,
mint: Cyzicus, 3rd.issue, 3rd.off., date: 276 AD., ref: RIC-??., T-(Estiot)-4033, C-, BNC p.426,
Q-001
quadrans
Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(D1)_SPE-S-PVBLICA-(Vict-Emp-2)_V_RIC-V-I-208_T-4049-(Estiot)_iss-3_off-5_Cyzicus-276-AD_Q-001_5h_21mm_3,67g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4049, RIC V-I 208, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, SPES PVBLICA, -/-//V, Bust-D1, Victory and Emperor, #167 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4049, RIC V-I 208, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, SPES PVBLICA, -/-//V, Bust-D1, Victory and Emperor, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
revers:-SPE-S-PVBLICA, Victory stg. r., holding wreath in r. hand and palm against l. shoulder, facing Emperor in military dress stg. l., r. hand outstretched and holding long sceptre in l. hand. (Vict-Emp-2).
exerg: -/-//V, diameter: 21mm, weight: 3,67g, axes: 5h,
mint: Cyzicus, issue-3., off-5., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-208, T-(Estiot)-4049,
Q-001
quadrans
T-4083_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(D1)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP-(Mars-4)_H_RIC-temp-4083_Antioch_iss-2_off-8_275-AD_Q-001_6h_22,5-24,0mm_3,63g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4083, RIC V-I ???, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, -/-//H, Bust-D1, Mars in military dress standing left, Rare!114 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4083, RIC V-I ???, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, -/-//H, Bust-D1, Mars in military dress standing left, Rare !
avers:- IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
reverse:- CLEMENTIA TEMP, Mars in military dress standing (or walking) left, holding olive branch in right hand, spear and shield which rests on ground in left hand. (Mars-4).
exergue: -/-//H, diameter: 22,5-24,0mm, weight: 3,63g, axes: 6h,
mint: Antioch, iss-2, off-8, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-???, T-(Estiot)-4083, BNC-1815, Rare !, 3rd known example !
Q-001
quadrans
T-4100_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(D1)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP-(EP1d)_Gamma_XXI_T-4100_Antioch_iss-3_off-3_276-AD_Q-001_6h_21,7-22,3mm_4,62g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4100, RIC V-I 210, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Γ//XXI, Bust-D1, Emperor and Jupiter, #1120 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4100, RIC V-I 210, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Γ//XXI, Bust-D1, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
revers:- CLEMENTIA-TEMP, Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short eagle-tipped sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand, (EJ1d).
exerg: Γ//XXI, diameter: 21,7-22,3mm, weight: 4,62g, axes: 6h,
mint: Antioch, issue-3, off-3, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-210, T-(Estiot)-4100,
Q-001
quadrans
T-4116_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(D1)_CLEMENTIA-T-EMP-(EP1d)_star_KA_RIC-temp-4116_Tripolis_276-AD_Q-001_5h_21-22mm_2,92g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4116, RIC V-I 213, Tripolis, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, *//KA, Bust-D1, Emperor and Jupiter, #164 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4116, RIC V-I 213, Tripolis, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, *//KA, Bust-D1, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
revers:- CLEMENTIA-T-EMP, Emperor in military dress stg. r., holding short eagle-tipped sceptre in l. hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter stg. l., holding long sceptre in l. hand, (EJ1d).
exerg: *//KA, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 2,92g, axes: 5h,
mint: Tripolis, issue-2, off-, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-213, T-(Estiot)-4116,
Q-001
quadrans
T-4117_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(D1)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP-(Mars-4)_star_-_KA_RIC-temp-4117_Tripolis_iss-2_276-AD_Q-001_0h_23,5-24,3mm_3,77g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4117, RIC V-I 214, Tripolis, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, */-//KA, Bust-D1, Mars in military dress standing, #1102 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4117, RIC V-I 214, Tripolis, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, */-//KA, Bust-D1, Mars in military dress standing, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
revers:- CLEMENTIA-TEMP, Mars in military dress standing (or walking) left, holding olive branch in right hand, spear and shield which rests on ground in left hand. (Mars-4).
exerg: */-//KA, diameter: 23,5-24,3mm, weight: 3,77g, axes: 0h,
mint: Tripolis, issue-2, off-, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-214, T-(Estiot)-4117,
Q-001
quadrans
T-4243_111-Florianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-FLORIANVS-AVG_VIRTVS-AVG_XXIS_Bust-D2-Emp-2_RIC-V-I-47_p-_Rome_276-AD_Q-001_6h_22mm_3,05g-s.jpg
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4243, RIC V-I 047, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, VIRTVS AVG, -/-//XXIϛ, Bust-D2, Emperor standing right, #1104 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4243, RIC V-I 047, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, VIRTVS AVG, -/-//XXIϛ, Bust-D2, Emperor standing right, #1
avers: IMP-C-FLORIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, seen from rear, (D2).
revers: VIRTV-S-AVG, Emperor in military dress standing right, holding spear pointing forward in right hand and globe in left hand, (Emperor 2).
exerg: -/-//XXIϛ, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,05g, axes: 6h,
mint: Roma, 1st.issue, 6th.off., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-47, T-(Estiot)-4243, LV 2591-604,
Q-001
quadrans
111_Florianus,_T-4526,_RIC_V-I_116,_Cyzicus,_AE-Ant,_IMP_FLORIANVS_AVG,_CONCORDIA_MILITVM,_P,_iss-1,_off-1,_276AD,_Q-001,_6h,_22-24mm,_3,47g-s.jpg
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4526, RIC V-I 116, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//P, Bust-D1, Victory standing right, and Emperor, #1161 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4526, RIC V-I 116, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//P, Bust-D1, Victory standing right, and Emperor, #1
avers: IMP FLORIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
reverse: CONCORDIA MILITVM, Victory standing right, holding wreath in right hand and palm against left shoulder, facing Emperor in military dress standing left, right hand outstretched and holding long sceptre in left hand, (Victory and Emperor 2).
exergue: -/-//P, diameter: 22,0-24,0mm, weight: 3,47g, axes: 6h,
mint: Cyzicus, 1st.issue, 1st.off., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-116, T-(Estiot)-4526,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Florianus_AE-Ant_IMP-FLORIANVS-AVG_CONCORDIA-MILITVM_S_Bust-C_RIC-V-I-116_p-360_T-4529_Cyzicus_276-AD_Scarce_Q-001_1h_23mm_3,40ga-s.jpg
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4529, RIC V-I 116, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//S, Bust-D1, Victory standing right, and Emperor, #170 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4529, RIC V-I 116, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//S, Bust-D1, Victory standing right, and Emperor, #1
avers: IMP FLORIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
reverse: CONCORDIA MILITVM, Victory standing right, holding wreath in right hand and palm against left shoulder, facing Emperor in military dress standing left, right hand outstretched and holding long sceptre in left hand, (Victory and Emperor 2).
exergue: -/-//S, diameter: 23mm, weight: 3,40g, axes: 1h,
mint: Cyzicus, 1st.issue, 2nd.off., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-116, T-(Estiot)-4529,
Q-001
quadrans
Florianus_AE-Ant_IMP-FLORIANVS-AVG_CONCORDIA-MILITVM_S_Bust-C_RIC-V-I-116_p-360_T-4529_Cyzicus_276-AD_Scarce_Q-002_11h_22,5mm_4,29g-s.jpg
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4529, RIC V-I 116, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//S, Bust-D1, Victory standing right, and Emperor, #270 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4529, RIC V-I 116, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//S, Bust-D1, Victory standing right, and Emperor, #2
avers:- IMP-FLORIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, D1.
revers:- CONCORDIA-MILITVM, Victory standing right, holding wreath in right hand and palm against left shoulder, faceing Emperor in military dress standing left, right hand outstreched nad holding long sceptre in left hand, (Victory and Emperor 2).
exerg: -/-//S, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 4,29g, axes: 11h,
mint: Cyzicus, 1st.issue, 2nd.off., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-116, T-(Estiot)-4529,
Q-002
quadrans
Florianus_AE-Ant_IMP-FLORIANVS-AVG_CONCORDIA-MILITVM_S_Bust-C_RIC-V-I-116_p-360_T-4529_Cyzicus_276-AD_Scarce_Q-003_1h_21-23mm_3,79g-s.jpg
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4529, RIC V-I 116, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//S, Bust-D1, Victory standing right, and Emperor, #365 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4529, RIC V-I 116, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//S, Bust-D1, Victory standing right, and Emperor, #3
avers:- IMP-FLORIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, D1.
revers:- CONCORDIA-MILITVM, Victory standing right, holding wreath in right hand and palm against left shoulder, faceing Emperor in military dress standing left, right hand outstreched nad holding long sceptre in left hand, (Victory and Emperor 2).
exerg: -/-//S, diameter: 23mm, weight: 3,40g, axes: 1h,
mint: Cyzicus, 1st.issue, 2nd.off., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-116, T-(Estiot)-4529,
Q-003
quadrans
Florianus_AE-Ant_IMP-FLORIANVS-AVG_CONCORDIA-MILITVM_Q_Bust-C_RIC-V-I-116_p-360_T-4533_Cyzicus_276-AD_Scarce_Q-001_0h_21,5-22,5mm_3,96g-s.jpg
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4533, RIC V-I 116, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//Q, Bust-D1, Victory standing right, Emperor #183 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4533, RIC V-I 116, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//Q, Bust-D1, Victory standing right, Emperor #1
avers: IMP-FLORIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum (D1).
revers: CONCORDIA-MILITVM, Victory standing right, holding wreath in right hand and palm against left shoulder, facing Emperor in military dress standing left, right hand outstretched and holding long sceptre in left hand., (Victory and Emperor 2).
exerg: -/-//Q, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,96g, axes: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, 1st.issue, 4th.off., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-116, T-(Estiot)-4533,
Q-001
quadrans
112_Probus_(276-282_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-3128,_D-5533,_K-G_112_8,_Alexandria,_Elpis,_L-B_left__(year_2),_276-77_AD,_Q-001,_0h,_19,5mm,_7,11g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3128, D-5533, LB/-//--, Elpis advancing left, #169 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3128, D-5533, LB/-//--, Elpis advancing left, #1
avers: A K M AVP ΠPOBOC CЄB, Laureated, cuirassed bust right.
reverse: Elpis advancing left, holding flower and lifting fold of dress, LB in the left field.
exergue: LB/-//--, diameter: 19,5mm, weight: 7,11g, axes: 0h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 276-277 A.D., LB Year 2., ref: Geissen-3128, Dattari-5533, Kapmann-Ganschow-112.8,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_112,_112_Probus,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_PROBVS_P_F_AVG,_VIRTVS_AVG,_IIII,_Bust-F,_Lugdunum,_em-6th,_off-4th,_278-79_AD,_Q-001,_7h,_21-22,5-24mm,_4,50g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Lugdunum, RIC V-II 112.6a.4./B-B, -/-//IIII, VIRTVS AVG, AE-Ant., Roma standing to the left, #167 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Lugdunum, RIC V-II 112.6a.4./B-B, -/-//IIII, VIRTVS AVG, AE-Ant., Roma standing to the left, #1
avers: IMP C PROBVS•P•F•AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (B-F)
reverse: VIRTVS AVG, Roma standing to the left, dressed as an amazon, holding a victory with his right hand, a spear and a shield with his left hand, (Typ.B).
exergue: -/-//IIII, diameter: 22,5-24,0mm, weight: 4,50g, axis: 7h,
mint: Lugdunum, 6th. em., 4th. off., date: 278-279 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 112.6a.4./B-B, Bastien 298,
Q-001
quadrans
DSS_Q-001_axis-7h_18-19,5mm_3,56g-s.jpg
112-111 B.C., Ti. Quinctius, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 297/1, Rome, Two horses left,223 views112-111 B.C., Ti. Quinctius, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 297/1, Rome, Two horses left,
avers: Bust of Hercules left, wearing lion's skin headdress, club over the shoulder.
reverse: Two horses left, the rider on the nearer horse, TI Q and rat below, DOS•S in incuse on the tablet in exergue.
exergue: -/-//DOS•S, diameter: 18-19,5mm, weight: 3,56g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date:112-111 B.C., ref: Crawford 297-1, Sydenham 563, Quinctia 6,
Q-001
quadrans
hadrian as-mauretania.jpg
117-138 AD - HADRIAN AE as - struck 134-138 AD65 viewsobv: HADRIANVS AVG COS III PP (draped bust right)
rev: ADVENTVI AVG MAVRITANIAE (Hadrian standing on left, togate, and Mauretania on right, wearing snake head-dress, in short tunic, holding patera over flaming altar between them & vexillum), SC in exergue.
ref: RIC II 900 (Adventus type), C.69(6fr)
11.93gms, 27mm
Scarce
berserker
hadrian_RIC779b.jpg
117-138 AD - HADRIAN AE sestertius - struck 134-138 AD75 viewsobv: HADRIANVS AVG COS III PP (laureate head right)
rev: - (Nemesis standing right, holding fold of dress with right hand and branch pointed downward in left), S-C across field
ref: RIC II 779b (S), C.1372 (12frcs), BMCRE 1549
mint: Rome
20.57gms, 30mm
Scarce

A nice and scarce Hadrian bronze. This coin shows the original condition with original patina, there’s no corrections or special matters for sharping, and better in hand than the picture allows.
1 commentsberserker
hadrian_RIC282.jpg
117-138 AD - HADRIAN AR denarius - struck 134-138 AD40 viewsobv: HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P (laureate head right)
rev: VICTORIA AVG (Victory advancing right, pulling fold on upper part of dress and pointing branch downwards)
ref: RIC II 282 (C), C.1454 (2frcs)
mint: Rome
3.43gms, 19mm

This coin is probably commemorate the victory of Romans in Bar Kokhba revolt.
berserker
12-Alex-Callatis-P946.jpg
12. Callatis: Tetradrachm in the name of Alexander the Great.34 viewsTetradrachm, ca 250 - 225 BC, Callatis mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΟΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. K at left, NAY under throne.
16.61 gm., 30 mm.
P. #943.

On the tag that came with this coin is the inscription "6 / Sept / 44 Bulgaria." The Soviet occupation of Bulgaria began on Sept. 9, 1944. It would be interesting to know the story behind that inscription as it applies to this coin...
Callimachus
Constantius-I_AE-Follis_CONSTANTIVS_NOB_CAES_FELIX_ADVENT_AVGG_NN__H_left,_PKT_RIC_VI_24a_Carthage__298_A_D__Q-001_0h_25-28,5mm_10,38ga-s~0.jpg
121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Carthage, RIC VI 024a, AE-1 Follis, FELIX ADVENT AVG G N N, Africa standing right, #1152 views121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Carthage, RIC VI 024a, AE-1 Follis, FELIX ADVENT AVG G N N, Africa standing right, #1
avers:- CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right.
revers:- FELIX AD VENT AVG G N N, Africa standing right, head left, wearing elephant head headress, standard in right and tusk in left, lion and bull at feet left, H left, PKT in ex.
exerg: H|-//PKT, diameter: 25,0-28,5mm, weight: 10,38g, axes: 0h,
mint: Carthage, date: 298 A.D., ref: RIC VI 024a,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Galeria-Valeria_AE-26_GAL-VA-LERIA-AVG_VENERI-VICTRICI_crescent-Gamma_SIS_Siscia-309-310_RIC-211_C--_Q-001_26mm_4,98g-figures.jpg
123 Galeria-Valeria (?-315 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VI 211var Not in RIC, Crescent/Γ// SIS, AE-Follis, VENERI VICTRICI, Venus standing left, The decoration on the dress the part of the neck.138 views123 Galeria-Valeria (?-315 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VI 211var Not in RIC, Crescent/Γ// SIS, AE-Follis, VENERI VICTRICI, Venus standing left, The decoration on the dress the part of the neck.
avers: GAL VALERIA AVG, Diademed, draped bust right. The robe around the neck of interesting shapes (some of Victoria or Erotes/Cupid ??) can be seen.
reverse: VENERI VICTRICI, Venus standing left, holding the apple and raising skirt, crescent left, Gamma right.
"I would concur that they are Erotes/Cupids. Which, of course, would fit with the reverse type, Erotes being associated with Venus." by Adrianus. Thank you Adrianus.
exergue: -/-//SIS, diameter: 26mm, weight: 4,98g, axis: 1h,
mint: Siscia, date: 307-310 A.D., ref: RIC-211, C-,
Q-001
quadrans
RI_125ai_img.jpg
125 - Aurelian Ant. - RIC - RIC temp #2671.114 viewsObv:- IMP C L DOM AVRELIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:- ORIENS AVG, Mars in military dress stg. right, holding long sceptre in left hand, receiving globe from Sol standing left, holding whip in left hand, resting with right foot on a bound captive in oriental dress seated left, head turned right
Minted in Serdica (–/–//XXI(•)P(•)). Issue 7, Phase 2. April – November A.D. 274
Reference:- RIC Unlisted, RIC temp #2671.1 corr. (this coin)

Same reverse die as RIC temp #2672
maridvnvm
RI_125ak_img.jpg
125 - Aurelian Ant. - RIC 151 Bust Type F16 viewsAntoninianus
Obv:– IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– ORIENS AVG, Sol standing left, with right hand raised and holding globe in left hand, right foot resting on a bound captive in oriental dress seated left; on the other side, another bound captive in oriental dress seated right, head turned left
Minted in Ticinum. (* | _ //QXXT). Issue 2. June – September A.D. 274
Reference:– RIC 151 Bust Type F. RIC temp #1535 (117 ex.). LV 5065-139
maridvnvm
RI_125ag_img.jpg
125 - Aurelian Ant. - RIC 366 Bust Type F16 viewsObv:– IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– RESTITVTOR EXERCITI, Mars in military dress standing right, holding spear in left hand, giving globe to Emperor standing left , holding long sceptre in left hand.
Minted in Cyzicus. (//XXI). early – summer A.D. 275
Reference:– Cohen 206. RIC 366 Bust Type F (Scarce). RIC temp #3080 (8 ex.).

3.75 gms. 25.15 mm.
maridvnvm
RI_125ai_img~0.jpg
125 - Aurelian Ant. - RIC 366 Bust Type F11 viewsObv:– IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– RESTITVTOR EXERCITI, Mars in military dress standing right, holding spear in left hand, giving globe to Emperor standing left , holding long sceptre in left hand.
Minted in Cyzicus. (B//XXI). early – summer A.D. 275
Reference:– Cohen 206. RIC 366 Bust Type F (Scarce). RIC temp #3088 (45 ex.).
maridvnvm
RI_125aj_img.jpg
125 - Aurelian Ant. - RIC 366 Bust Type F11 viewsObv:– IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– RESTITVTOR EXERCITI, Mars in military dress standing right, holding spear in left hand, giving globe to Emperor standing left , holding long sceptre in left hand.
Minted in Cyzicus. (E//XXI). early – summer A.D. 275
Reference:– Cohen 206. RIC 366 Bust Type F (Scarce).
maridvnvm
17457717_10155114938012232_4780613556318406928_n.jpg
13. Antiochos VII Euergetes12 viewsSELEUKID KINGS of SYRIA. Antiochos VII Euergetes (Sidetes). 138-129 BC. Æ Antioch mint. Dated SE 179 (134/3 BC). Winged bust of Eros right / Isis headdress; monogram above grain ear to outer left, ΘOP (date) below. SC 2067.14; HGC 9, 1087. VF, earthen green patina.ecoli
13-Alex-Phaselis-P2853.jpg
13. Phaselis: Tetradrachm in the name of Alexander the Great.24 viewsTetradrachm, 206 / 05 BC, Phaselis mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. ΙΓ and Φ at left.
16.59 gm., 30 mm.
P. #2853.

The letters ΙΓ are a date: year 13. The dated coinage of Phaselis runs from year 1 through year 33. The coinage of Phaselis came to an end in 186 BC when the Treaty of Apamea gave Rhodes control over Lycia. That makes year 13 correspond to 206 / 205 BC. See pages 346 - 49 of Price, vol. I.
Callimachus
c36.jpg
13. Seleucid Kingdom, Antiochos VII Euergetes Sidetes, Antioch 28 viewsBronze AE 19, SNG Spaer 1902, SGCV II 7098 var, Antioch mint, Sep 138 - Aug 137 B.C.; obverse head of Eros right, wreathed with myrtle; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOΥ EΥEΡΓETOΥ, head-dress of Isis, apluster or branch above EOP (year 175) below, ΔI monogram outer leftecoli
RI_130bi_img.jpg
130 - Tacitus - RIC 211 Bust Type C - Double Antoninianus23 viewsDouble Antoninianus
Obv:– IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short eagle-tipped sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand
Minted in Antioch (H//XI) Emission 3, Officina 8. January – June A.D. 276
Reference:– RIC 211 Bust Type C. RIC Temp No. 4096
maridvnvm
RI_130bj_img.jpg
130 - Tacitus - RIC 211 Bust Type C - Double Antoninianus14 viewsDouble Antoninianus
Obv:– IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short eagle-tipped sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand
Minted in Antioch (D//XI) Emission 3, Officina 8. January – June A.D. 276
Reference:– RIC 211 Bust Type C. RIC Temp No. 4091
maridvnvm
RI_130bl_img.jpg
130 - Tacitus - RIC 214 Bust Type C - Double Antoninianus15 viewsDouble Antoninianus
Obv:– IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Mars in military dress stg. (or walking) left, holding olive branch in right hand, spear and shield which rests on ground in left hand
Minted in Tripolis (* | _ //IA) Emission 2. January – June A.D. 276
Reference:– RIC 214 Bust Type C (R). Estiot Temp No. 4114 (11 examples)
maridvnvm
RI_130av_img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 0609 viewsObv:– IMP C M CL TACITVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SPES PVBLICA, Spes advancing left, holding flower & lifting hem of dress
Minted in Lugdunum (B | * / _) Emission 5 Officina 3. March to April 286 A.D.
Reference(s) – Cohen 139. Bastien 99 (15 examples). RIC 60 Bust type C
maridvnvm
RI_130ac_img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 061 (CA)18 viewsObv:– IMP CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SPES PVBLICA, Spes advancing left, holding flower & lifting hem of dress
Minted in Lugdunum (CA in exe), Emission 3 Officina 3, Early A.D. 276
References:– Cohen 137, RIC 61 Bust Type C
Martin Griffiths
RI_130ax_img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC unlisted Bust Type C28 viewsObv:– CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CONSERVAT MILIT, Mars standing right, holding spear, handing globe to emeperor, standing left, in military dress, holding a sceptre.
Minted in Serdica (//S) Emission 1 Officina 2.
Reference(s) – Cohen -. LV -. (No coins with this short obverse legend in LV, LV 2386 is the same type but with IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG). RIC unlisted Bust type C var (RIC doesn’t include this short legend, RIC doesn’t include this set of officina marks for Serdica).

The following information came courtesy of Barry Murphy:-

This is recorded by Estiot and a specimen is illustrated on pl. 95, #449. Estiot's source is Zanchi, "Quelques nouveaux antoniens de Serdica (274-277)," in SchweizerMunzblatter 120 (1980)
This obverse legend is also recorded with the reverse CONSERVATOR MILITVM.
maridvnvm
DiocleAnt.jpg
1301a, Diocletian, 284-305 A.D. (Antioch)94 viewsDIOCLETIAN (284 – 305 AD) AE Antoninianus, 293-95 AD, RIC V 322, Cohen 34. 20.70 mm/3.1 gm, aVF, Antioch. Obverse: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate bust right, draped & cuirassed; Reverse: CONCORDIA MILITVM, Jupiter presents Victory on a globe to Diocletian, I/XXI. Early Diocletian with dusty earthen green patina.


De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Diocletian ( 284-305 A.D.)

Ralph W. Mathisen
University of South Carolina


Summary and Introduction
The Emperor Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (A.D. 284-305) put an end to the disastrous phase of Roman history known as the "Military Anarchy" or the "Imperial Crisis" (235-284). He established an obvious military despotism and was responsible for laying the groundwork for the second phase of the Roman Empire, which is known variously as the "Dominate," the "Tetrarchy," the "Later Roman Empire," or the "Byzantine Empire." His reforms ensured the continuity of the Roman Empire in the east for more than a thousand years.

Diocletian's Early Life and Reign
Diocletian was born ca. 236/237 on the Dalmatian coast, perhaps at Salona. He was of very humble birth, and was originally named Diocles. He would have received little education beyond an elementary literacy and he was apparently deeply imbued with religious piety He had a wife Prisca and a daughter Valeria, both of whom reputedly were Christians. During Diocletian's early life, the Roman empire was in the midst of turmoil. In the early years of the third century, emperors increasingly insecure on their thrones had granted inflationary pay raises to the soldiers. The only meaningful income the soldiers now received was in the form of gold donatives granted by newly acclaimed emperors. Beginning in 235, armies throughout the empire began to set up their generals as rival emperors. The resultant civil wars opened up the empire to invasion in both the north, by the Franks, Alamanni, and Goths, and the east, by the Sassanid Persians. Another reason for the unrest in the army was the great gap between the social background of the common soldiers and the officer corps.

Diocletian sought his fortune in the army. He showed himself to be a shrewd, able, and ambitious individual. He is first attested as "Duke of Moesia" (an area on the banks of the lower Danube River), with responsibility for border defense. He was a prudent and methodical officer, a seeker of victory rather than glory. In 282, the legions of the upper Danube proclaimed the praetorian prefect Carus as emperor. Diocletian found favor under the new emperor, and was promoted to Count of the Domestics, the commander of the cavalry arm of the imperial bodyguard. In 283 he was granted the honor of a consulate.

In 284, in the midst of a campaign against the Persians, Carus was killed, struck by a bolt of lightning which one writer noted might have been forged in a legionary armory. This left the empire in the hands of his two young sons, Numerian in the east and Carinus in the west. Soon thereafter, Numerian died under mysterious circumstances near Nicomedia, and Diocletian was acclaimed emperor in his place. At this time he changed his name from Diocles to Diocletian. In 285 Carinus was killed in a battle near Belgrade, and Diocletian gained control of the entire empire.

Diocletian's Administrative and Military Reforms
As emperor, Diocletian was faced with many problems. His most immediate concerns were to bring the mutinous and increasingly barbarized Roman armies back under control and to make the frontiers once again secure from invasion. His long-term goals were to restore effective government and economic prosperity to the empire. Diocletian concluded that stern measures were necessary if these problems were to be solved. He felt that it was the responsibility of the imperial government to take whatever steps were necessary, no matter how harsh or innovative, to bring the empire back under control.

Diocletian was able to bring the army back under control by making several changes. He subdivided the roughly fifty existing provinces into approximately one hundred. The provinces also were apportioned among twelve "dioceses," each under a "vicar," and later also among four "prefectures," each under a "praetorian prefect." As a result, the imperial bureaucracy became increasingly bloated. He institutionalized the policy of separating civil and military careers. He divided the army itself into so-called "border troops," actually an ineffective citizen militia, and "palace troops," the real field army, which often was led by the emperor in person.

Following the precedent of Aurelian (A.D.270-275), Diocletian transformed the emperorship into an out-and-out oriental monarchy. Access to him became restricted; he now was addressed not as First Citizen (Princeps) or the soldierly general (Imperator), but as Lord and Master (Dominus Noster) . Those in audience were required to prostrate themselves on the ground before him.

Diocletian also concluded that the empire was too large and complex to be ruled by only a single emperor. Therefore, in order to provide an imperial presence throughout the empire, he introduced the "Tetrarchy," or "Rule by Four." In 285, he named his lieutenant Maximianus "Caesar," and assigned him the western half of the empire. This practice began the process which would culminate with the de facto split of the empire in 395. Both Diocletian and Maximianus adopted divine attributes. Diocletian was identified with Jupiter and Maximianus with Hercules. In 286, Diocletian promoted Maximianus to the rank of Augustus, "Senior Emperor," and in 293 he appointed two new Caesars, Constantius (the father of Constantine I ), who was given Gaul and Britain in the west, and Galerius, who was assigned the Balkans in the east.

By instituting his Tetrarchy, Diocletian also hoped to solve another problem. In the Augustan Principate, there had been no constitutional method for choosing new emperors. According to Diocletian's plan, the successor of each Augustus would be the respective Caesar, who then would name a new Caesar. Initially, the Tetrarchy operated smoothly and effectively.

Once the army was under control, Diocletian could turn his attention to other problems. The borders were restored and strengthened. In the early years of his reign, Diocletian and his subordinates were able to defeat foreign enemies such as Alamanni, Sarmatians, Saracens, Franks, and Persians, and to put down rebellions in Britain and Egypt. The easter frontier was actually expanded.

.
Diocletian's Economic Reforms
Another problem was the economy, which was in an especially sorry state. The coinage had become so debased as to be virtually worthless. Diocletian's attempt to reissue good gold and silver coins failed because there simply was not enough gold and silver available to restore confidence in the currency. A "Maximum Price Edict" issued in 301, intended to curb inflation, served only to drive goods onto the black market. Diocletian finally accepted the ruin of the money economy and revised the tax system so that it was based on payments in kind . The soldiers too came to be paid in kind.

In order to assure the long term survival of the empire, Diocletian identified certain occupations which he felt would have to be performed. These were known as the "compulsory services." They included such occupations as soldiers, bakers, members of town councils, and tenant farmers. These functions became hereditary, and those engaging in them were inhibited from changing their careers. The repetitious nature of these laws, however, suggests that they were not widely obeyed. Diocletian also expanded the policy of third-century emperors of restricting the entry of senators into high-ranking governmental posts, especially military ones.

Diocletian attempted to use the state religion as a unifying element. Encouraged by the Caesar Galerius, Diocletian in 303 issued a series of four increasingly harsh decrees designed to compel Christians to take part in the imperial cult, the traditional means by which allegiance was pledged to the empire. This began the so-called "Great Persecution."

Diocletian's Resignation and Death
On 1 May 305, wearied by his twenty years in office, and determined to implement his method for the imperial succession, Diocletian abdicated. He compelled his co-regent Maximianus to do the same. Constantius and Galerius then became the new Augusti, and two new Caesars were selected, Maximinus (305-313) in the east and Severus (305- 307) in the west. Diocletian then retired to his palace at Split on the Croatian coast. In 308 he declined an offer to resume the purple, and the aged ex-emperor died at Split on 3 December 316.

Copyright (C) 1996, Ralph W. Mathisen, University of South Carolina
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

1 commentsCleisthenes
DicletianConcordCyz.jpg
1301b, Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 March 305 A.D.59 viewsDiocletian. RIC V Part II Cyzicus 256 var. Not listed with pellet in exegrue
Item ref: RI141f. VF. Minted in Cyzicus (B in centre field, XXI dot in exegrue)Obverse:- IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. Reverse:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Diocletian standing right, holding parazonium, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left with scepter.
A post reform radiate of Diocletian. Ex Maridvnvm.

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Diocletian ( 284-305 A.D.)

Ralph W. Mathisen
University of South Carolina


Summary and Introduction
The Emperor Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (A.D. 284-305) put an end to the disastrous phase of Roman history known as the "Military Anarchy" or the "Imperial Crisis" (235-284). He established an obvious military despotism and was responsible for laying the groundwork for the second phase of the Roman Empire, which is known variously as the "Dominate," the "Tetrarchy," the "Later Roman Empire," or the "Byzantine Empire." His reforms ensured the continuity of the Roman Empire in the east for more than a thousand years.

Diocletian's Early Life and Reign
Diocletian was born ca. 236/237 on the Dalmatian coast, perhaps at Salona. He was of very humble birth, and was originally named Diocles. He would have received little education beyond an elementary literacy and he was apparently deeply imbued with religious piety He had a wife Prisca and a daughter Valeria, both of whom reputedly were Christians. During Diocletian's early life, the Roman empire was in the midst of turmoil. In the early years of the third century, emperors increasingly insecure on their thrones had granted inflationary pay raises to the soldiers. The only meaningful income the soldiers now received was in the form of gold donatives granted by newly acclaimed emperors. Beginning in 235, armies throughout the empire began to set up their generals as rival emperors. The resultant civil wars opened up the empire to invasion in both the north, by the Franks, Alamanni, and Goths, and the east, by the Sassanid Persians. Another reason for the unrest in the army was the great gap between the social background of the common soldiers and the officer corps.

Diocletian sought his fortune in the army. He showed himself to be a shrewd, able, and ambitious individual. He is first attested as "Duke of Moesia" (an area on the banks of the lower Danube River), with responsibility for border defense. He was a prudent and methodical officer, a seeker of victory rather than glory. In 282, the legions of the upper Danube proclaimed the praetorian prefect Carus as emperor. Diocletian found favor under the new emperor, and was promoted to Count of the Domestics, the commander of the cavalry arm of the imperial bodyguard. In 283 he was granted the honor of a consulate.

In 284, in the midst of a campaign against the Persians, Carus was killed, struck by a bolt of lightning which one writer noted might have been forged in a legionary armory. This left the empire in the hands of his two young sons, Numerian in the east and Carinus in the west. Soon thereafter, Numerian died under mysterious circumstances near Nicomedia, and Diocletian was acclaimed emperor in his place. At this time he changed his name from Diocles to Diocletian. In 285 Carinus was killed in a battle near Belgrade, and Diocletian gained control of the entire empire.

Diocletian's Administrative and Military Reforms
As emperor, Diocletian was faced with many problems. His most immediate concerns were to bring the mutinous and increasingly barbarized Roman armies back under control and to make the frontiers once again secure from invasion. His long-term goals were to restore effective government and economic prosperity to the empire. Diocletian concluded that stern measures were necessary if these problems were to be solved. He felt that it was the responsibility of the imperial government to take whatever steps were necessary, no matter how harsh or innovative, to bring the empire back under control.

Diocletian was able to bring the army back under control by making several changes. He subdivided the roughly fifty existing provinces into approximately one hundred. The provinces also were apportioned among twelve "dioceses," each under a "vicar," and later also among four "prefectures," each under a "praetorian prefect." As a result, the imperial bureaucracy became increasingly bloated. He institutionalized the policy of separating civil and military careers. He divided the army itself into so-called "border troops," actually an ineffective citizen militia, and "palace troops," the real field army, which often was led by the emperor in person.

Following the precedent of Aurelian (A.D.270-275), Diocletian transformed the emperorship into an out-and-out oriental monarchy. Access to him became restricted; he now was addressed not as First Citizen (Princeps) or the soldierly general (Imperator), but as Lord and Master (Dominus Noster) . Those in audience were required to prostrate themselves on the ground before him.

Diocletian also concluded that the empire was too large and complex to be ruled by only a single emperor. Therefore, in order to provide an imperial presence throughout the empire, he introduced the "Tetrarchy," or "Rule by Four." In 285, he named his lieutenant Maximianus "Caesar," and assigned him the western half of the empire. This practice began the process which would culminate with the de facto split of the empire in 395. Both Diocletian and Maximianus adopted divine attributes. Diocletian was identified with Jupiter and Maximianus with Hercules. In 286, Diocletian promoted Maximianus to the rank of Augustus, "Senior Emperor," and in 293 he appointed two new Caesars, Constantius (the father of Constantine I ), who was given Gaul and Britain in the west, and Galerius, who was assigned the Balkans in the east.

By instituting his Tetrarchy, Diocletian also hoped to solve another problem. In the Augustan Principate, there had been no constitutional method for choosing new emperors. According to Diocletian's plan, the successor of each Augustus would be the respective Caesar, who then would name a new Caesar. Initially, the Tetrarchy operated smoothly and effectively.

Once the army was under control, Diocletian could turn his attention to other problems. The borders were restored and strengthened. In the early years of his reign, Diocletian and his subordinates were able to defeat foreign enemies such as Alamanni, Sarmatians, Saracens, Franks, and Persians, and to put down rebellions in Britain and Egypt. The easter frontier was actually expanded.

.
Diocletian's Economic Reforms
Another problem was the economy, which was in an especially sorry state. The coinage had become so debased as to be virtually worthless. Diocletian's attempt to reissue good gold and silver coins failed because there simply was not enough gold and silver available to restore confidence in the currency. A "Maximum Price Edict" issued in 301, intended to curb inflation, served only to drive goods onto the black market. Diocletian finally accepted the ruin of the money economy and revised the tax system so that it was based on payments in kind . The soldiers too came to be paid in kind.

In order to assure the long term survival of the empire, Diocletian identified certain occupations which he felt would have to be performed. These were known as the "compulsory services." They included such occupations as soldiers, bakers, members of town councils, and tenant farmers. These functions became hereditary, and those engaging in them were inhibited from changing their careers. The repetitious nature of these laws, however, suggests that they were not widely obeyed. Diocletian also expanded the policy of third-century emperors of restricting the entry of senators into high-ranking governmental posts, especially military ones.

Diocletian attempted to use the state religion as a unifying element. Encouraged by the Caesar Galerius, Diocletian in 303 issued a series of four increasingly harsh decrees designed to compel Christians to take part in the imperial cult, the traditional means by which allegiance was pledged to the empire. This began the so-called "Great Persecution."

Diocletian's Resignation and Death
On 1 May 305, wearied by his twenty years in office, and determined to implement his method for the imperial succession, Diocletian abdicated. He compelled his co-regent Maximianus to do the same. Constantius and Galerius then became the new Augusti, and two new Caesars were selected, Maximinus (305-313) in the east and Severus (305- 307) in the west. Diocletian then retired to his palace at Split on the Croatian coast. In 308 he declined an offer to resume the purple, and the aged ex-emperor died at Split on 3 December 316.

Copyright (C) 1996, Ralph W. Mathisen, University of South Carolina
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.


Cleisthenes
131b.jpg
131b Constantius II. AE Centenionalis 19 viewsobv: DN CONSTAN_TIVS PF AVG pearl dia.drp. cuir. bust r., A behind
rev: CONCORDIA MILITVM emp. in military dress star above, holding standard in each hand with CHI RHO in banner
ex: III//BSIS(crescent)
hill132
131e.jpg
131e Contantius II. AE Centenionalis 18 viewsobv: DN CONSTAN_TIVS PF AVG pearl dia. drp. bust l. holding globe
rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO emp. in military dress, holding standard with CHI RHO in banner, two captives at feet
ex: ANA
hill132
131f.jpg
131f Constantius II. AE Centenionalis 24 viewsobv: DN CONSTAN_TIVS PF AVG pearl dia. drp. bust l. holding globe
rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO emp. in military dress holding standard with CHI RHO in banner. two captives at feet
ex: *//AN(epsilon)
hill132
131g.jpg
131g Constantius II. AE Centenionalis14 viewsobv: DN CONSTAN_TIVS PF AVG pearl dia. drp. bust l. holding globe
rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO emp. in military dress holding standard with CHI RHO on banner. two captives at feet
ex: *//ALEr
hill132
131h.jpg
131h Constantius II. AE Centenionalis18 viewsobv: DN CONSTAN_TIVS PF AVG pearl dia. drp. bust l. holding globe
rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO emp. in military dress holding standard with RHI RHO in banner, two captives at feet
ex: *//ALEr
hill132
131i.jpg
131i Constantius II. AE Centenionalis17 viewsobv: DN CONSTAN_TIVS PF AVG ros. dia. drp. ust l. holding globe
rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO emp. in military dress holding standard with CHI RHO on banner, two captive at feet
ex: ALEA
hill132
131j.jpg
131j Constantius II. AE Centenionalis11 viewsobv: DN COSTAN_TIVS PF AVG pearl dia. drp. bustl. holding globe
rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO emp. in military dress holding standard with CHI RHO on banner. two captives at feet
ex: r//CONSH*
hill132
131k.jpg
131k Constantius II. AE Centenionalis19 viewsobv: DN CONSTAN_TIVS PF AVG pearl dia. drp. bust l. holding globe
rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO emp. in military dress holding standard with CHI RHO on banner, two captives at feet
ex: CONSA
hill132
131l.jpg
131l Constantius II. AE Centenionalis12 viewsobv: DN CONSTAN_TIVS PF AVG pearl dia. drp. bust l. holding globe
rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO emp. in military dress holding standard with CHI RHO on banner,two captives at feet
ex: SMK(delta)
hill132
135.jpg
135 Vetranio. AE Centenionalis16 viewsobv: DN VETRA_NIO PF AVG laur. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: CONCORDIA MILITVM emp. in military dress, star above. standard with CHI RHO in each hand
ex: A/.BSIS.
hill132
501_P_Hadrian_RIC507.jpg
1361 Hadrian, Cistophorus IONIA Smyrna two Nemeses standing31 viewsReference.
RIC 507; Metcalf Type 32; RSC 326; BMC 1074; Pinder 82; RPC III, 1361

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P
Bare head right

Rev. COS III
The two Nemeses standing facing, heads turned toward each other, both holding out a fold of her dress with right hand, [the left holding a bridle in left hand], the right holding a cubit rule

10.77 gr
26 mm
6h
1 commentsokidoki
Commemorativ_AE-follis_RO-MA_P-R_RIC-VIII-104-p-256_Rome_333-34AD-R4_Q-001_axis-5h_16mm_2,43g-s.jpg
137a Commemorative, (340-348 A.D.), AE-4, Rome, RIC VIII 104, RO MA/ P-R, R4!!!,311 views137a Commemorative, (340-348 A.D.), AE-4, Rome, RIC VIII 104, RO MA/ P-R, R4!!!,
avers: - RO-MA, draped bust of Roma right, wearing visored and crested helmet,
revers: - No legend, Emperor, helmeted and in military dress, standing facing, head left, holding spear in right hand and resting left hand on shield. P-R across fields.
exe: No mintmark, diameter: 16mm, weight: 2,43g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 348 A.D., RIC-VIII-104, p-256, R4!!!,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
l_001.jpg
138-129 BC31 viewsAntiochos VII Euergetes(Sidetes)
Drachm
Obverse:Head of Antiochos VII right
Reverse:Nike advancing left,holding wreath and supporting fold of dress

16.94mm 3.77gm

SEAR 7096
maik
14-Alex-Rhodes-P2521.jpg
14. Rhodes: Tetradrachm in the name of Alexander the Great.16 viewsTetradrachm, ca 201 - 190 BC, Rhodes mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. ΔΑΜΑΤΡΙΟΣ and rosebud at left, ΡΟ under throne.
16.89 gm., 32 mm.
P. #2521; M. #1162.

In 202 - 201 BC, Philip V of Macedon was threatening the cities of Asia Minor. Pergamum and Rhodes were political and military rivals, but they were allies against this common aggressor. Each city struck coins of the Alexander type so that the fleet and army assembled in this alliance could be paid in a common currency. By 190 BC old animosities reemerged and the joint coinage ended.
Callimachus
683_P_Hadrian_east.jpg
140 Hadrian Denarius 134-38 AD Roma and Hadrian standing vis-à-vis here a scepter eastern mint40 viewsReference.
Strack --; cf. RIC 225; (Spear usually)

Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
Head of Hadrian, bare, right

Rev. ADVENTVS AVG
Roma, helmeted, in military dress, standing right, holding scepter (Roma has spear) in left hand and clasping hands with Hadrian on right, who stands left, togate, facing her

2.96 gr
17 mm
6h
2 commentsokidoki
140-Theodora_AE-4_FL-MAX-THEO-DORAE-AVG_PIETAS-ROMANA-dot_CONS-E_RIC-VIII-36-p-449_C-4_Constantinopolis_330-AD_Q-001_11h_15,5-16mm_1,79g-s.jpg
140 Theodora (305-306 A.D.), AE-4 Follis, Constantinopolis, RIC VIII 036, -/-//CONSE, PIETAS ROMANA•, Pietas facing, head right,65 views140 Theodora (305-306 A.D.), AE-4 Follis, Constantinopolis, RIC VIII 036, -/-//CONSE, PIETAS ROMANA•, Pietas facing, head right,
2nd wife of Constantius I. (Chlorus).
avers:- FL-MAX-THEO-DORAE-AVG, Bust of Theodora right, wearing plain mantle and necklace, hair elaborately dressed.
revers:- PIETAS-ROMANA-•, Pietas facing, head right, carrying an infant at her breast.
exergo: -/-//CONSE, diameter: 15,5-16mm, weight:1,79g, axis: 11h,
mint: Constantinopolis, date: 330 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-36, p-449,
Q-001
quadrans
140-Theodora_AE-4_FL-MAX-THEO-DORAE-AVG_PIETAS-ROMANA_TRS-Plam_RIC-VIII-91-p-144_Trier_340-AD_Q-001_0h_13,5-14,5mm_1,71g-s.jpg
140 Theodora (305-306 A.D.), AE-4 Follis, Trier, RIC VIII 091, -/-//TRS Palm, PIETAS ROMANA, Pietas facing, head right,76 views140 Theodora (305-306 A.D.), AE-4 Follis, Trier, RIC VIII 091, -/-//TRS Palm, PIETAS ROMANA, Pietas facing, head right,
2nd wife of Constantius I. (Chlorus).
avers:- FL-MAX-THEO-DORAE-AVG, Bust of Theodora right, wearing plain mantle and necklace, hair elaborately dressed.
revers:- PIETAS-ROMANA, Pietas facing, head right, carrying an infant at her breast.
exergo: -/-//TRS Palm, diameter: 13,5-14,5mm, weight:1,71g, axis: 0h,
mint: Trier, date: 340 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-91, p-144,
Q-001
quadrans
Treveri_RIC_VII_139,_142_Crispus_AE-3-Follis_FL-IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-CAES-5b-B4_PRINCIPI-I-VVENTVTIS_T-F_BTR_p175_317-AD_Q-001_5h_19,5-20,5mm_3_27g-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Treveri, RIC VII 139, AE-3 Follis, T/F//BTR, PRINCIPI•I VVENTVTIS, Crispus, laureate, in military dress right, #1113 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Treveri, RIC VII 139, AE-3 Follis, T/F//BTR, PRINCIPI•I VVENTVTIS, Crispus, laureate, in military dress right, #1
avers:- FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES (5b,B4), Laureated, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PRINCIPI•I VVENTVTIS, Crispus, laureate, in military dress, cloak spread, standing right holding transverse spear and globe.
exerg: T/F//BTR, diameter: 19,5-20,5mm, weight: 3,27g, axis: 5h,
mint: Treveri, date: 317 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-139, p-175,
Q-001
quadrans
144.jpg
144 Aeli Flaccilla. AE2 4.5gm13 viewsobv: AEL FLAC_CILLA AVG drp. with elaborate head dress, neckless and mantle
rev: SALVS REI_PVBLICAE Victory seated r. inscribing cristogram on shield that's resting on column
ex: TES(delta)
hill132
Con-Q0xx1-y-s.jpg
146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), Aquilea, RIC VIII 099, -/-//AQT•, AE-2 Follis, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley, #1135 views146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), Aquilea, RIC VIII 099, -/-//AQT•, AE-2 Follis, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley, #1
avers:- DN-CONSTA-NS-PF-AVG, Draped, diademed, bust right.
revers:- FEL-TEMP-REPARATIO, Emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding phoenix on globe and standard with Chi-Rho on banner, in the stern sits Victory, seering the ship.
exerg: -/-//AQT•, diameter: 22-25mm, weight: 4,03g, axes: 11h,
mint: Aquilea, date: 348-350 A.D., ref: RIC VIII 099, p-323,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Constans_AE-2-Follis_DN-CONSTA-NS-PF-AVG_FEL-TEMP-REPAR-ATIO_CONS-A(H)_RIC-VIII_Constantinopolis_AD_Q-001_axis-5h_22-24mm_4,93g-ys.jpg
146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), Constantinopolis, RIC VIII (083 var ???), -/-//CONSA*, AE-2 Follis, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley, Not in RIC !!!,157 views146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), Constantinopolis, RIC VIII (083 var ???), -/-//CONSA*, AE-2 Follis, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley, Not in RIC !!!,
avers:- DN-CONSTA-NS-PF-AVG, Draped , diademed, bust right,
revers:- FEL-TEMP-REPAR-ATIO, Emperor military dress stage left on galley, holding phoenix on globe and standard with Chi-Rho on banner, in the stern sits Victory, steering the ship. No letter on the fields !!
exe: -/-//CONSA*, diameter: 22-24mm, weight: 4,93g, axis: 5h,
mint: Constantinopolis, date: A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-83variation( no letter is the fields!! Not in RIC!!!), p-454,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Constans_AE-2-Follis_DN-CONSTA-NS-PF-AVG_FEL-TEMP-REPAR-ATIO_SMKA_RIC-VIII-66_p-494_Cyzicus_348-50-AD_Rare_Q-001_0h_23-24,5mm_4,95g-s.jpg
146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC VIII 066, -/-//SMKA, AE-2 Follis, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley, Rare !,173 views146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC VIII 066, -/-//SMKA, AE-2 Follis, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley, Rare !,
avers:- D-N-CONSTA-NS-P-F-AVG, Draped , diademed, bust right,
revers:- FEL-TEMP-REPARATIO, Emperor military dress stage left on galley, holding phoenix on globe and standard with Chi-Rho on banner, in the stern sits Victory, steering the ship. No letter on the fields !!
exe: -/-//SMKA, diameter: 23-24,5 mm, weight: 4,95g, axis: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-66 no letter is the fields!! Rare!, p-494,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Constans_AE-2-Follis_DN-CONSTA-NS-PF-AVG_FEL-TEMP-REPAR-ATIO_B-SIS-symbol-4_RIC-VIII-199v_p-364_Siscia_348-50-AD_Scarce_Q-001_1h_18,5-19,5mm_2,69g-s.jpg
146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 199var ???, -/-//BSIS-symbol-4 ???, AE-2 Follis, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley, Scarce !66 views146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 199var ???, -/-//BSIS-symbol-4 ???, AE-2 Follis, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley, Scarce !
avers:- DN-CONSTA-NS-PF-AVG, Draped , diademed, bust right,
revers:- FEL-TEMP-REPARATIO, Emperor military dress stage left on galley, holding phoenix on globe and standard with Chi-Rho on banner, in the stern sits Victory, steering the ship. No letter on the fields !!!
exe: -/-//BSIS-symbol-4 ???, diameter: 18,5-19,5mm, weight: 2,69g, axis: 1h,
mint: Siscia, date: 348-350 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-199v ???, p-364,
Q-001
quadrans
Constans_AE-2-Follis_DN-CONSTA-NS-PF-AVG_FEL-TEMP-REPAR-ATIO_A-SIS-scriptdelta_RIC-VIII-199v_p-364_Siscia_348-50-AD_Scarce_Q-001_axis-6h_23mm_6,31g-s.jpg
146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 199var, -/-//ASIS symbol Delta, AE-2 Follis, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley, Scarce!93 views146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 199var, -/-//ASIS symbol Delta, AE-2 Follis, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley, Scarce!
avers:- DN-CONSTA-NS-PF-AVG, Draped , diademed, bust right,
revers:- FEL-TEMP-REPAR-ATIO, Emperor military dress stage left on galley, holding phoenix on globe and standard with Chi-Rho on banner, in the stern sits Victory, steering the ship. No letter on the fields !!
exe: -/-//ASIS symbol Delta, diameter: 23mm, weight: 6,31g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 348-350 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-199v, p-364,
Q-001
quadrans
Constans_AE-2-Follis_D-N-CONSTA-NS-P-F-AVG_FEL-TEMP-REPAR-ATIO_ESIS_RIC-VIII-224-p-365_Siscia_346-350-AD__Q-001_5h_19,5-20,5mm_3,65g-s.jpg
146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 224, -/-//ЄSIS, AE-2 Follis, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor and two captives,124 views146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 224, -/-//ЄSIS, AE-2 Follis, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor and two captives,
avers:- D-N-CONSTA-NS-P-F-AVG, Diademed draped bust left, holding globe.
revers:- FEL-TEMP-REPARATIO, Constantius II in military dress standing left, holding labarum with Chi-Rho and resting hand on shield set on ground, to left, two captives.
exe: -/-//ЄSIS, diameter: 19,5-20,5mm, weight: 3,65g, axis: 5h,
mint: Siscia, date: 346-350 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-224, p-365,
Q-001
quadrans
Constans_AE-2-Follis_DN-CONSTA-NS-PF-AVG_FEL-TEMP-REPAR-ATIO_symbol-1_A-SIS_RIC-VIII-248_p-366_Siscia_348-50-AD_Q-001_0h_17-18,5mm_1,71ga-s.jpg
146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 248(err.in RIC), symbol"1"/-//ASIS, AE-3 Follis, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley, 81 views146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 248(err.in RIC), symbol"1"/-//ASIS, AE-3 Follis, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley,
avers:- DN-CONSTA-NS-PF-AVG, Draped , pearl diademed, bust right,
revers:- FEL-TEMP-REPAR-ATIO, Emperor military dress stage left on galley, holding phoenix on globe and standard with Chi-Rho on banner, in the stern sits Victory, steering the ship. Symbol "1" in the left field.
exe: symbol"1"/-//ASIS, diameter:17-18,5mm, weight: 1,71g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-248 (err. in RIC right field instead of left field), p-366,
Q-001
quadrans
Constans_AE-3-Follis_DN-CONSTA-NS-PF-AVG_FEL-TEMP-REPAR-ATIO_symbol-4_A-SIS_RIC-VIII-_p-364_Siscia_348-50-AD_Q-001_0h_17,5-18,5mm_2,68ga-s.jpg
146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 248(err.in RIC), symbol"4"/-//ASIS, AE-3 Follis, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley, 66 views146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 248(err.in RIC), symbol"4"/-//ASIS, AE-3 Follis, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley,
avers:- DN-CONSTA-NS-PF-AVG, Draped , pearl diademed, bust right,
revers:- FEL-TEMP-REPAR-ATIO, Emperor military dress stage left on galley, holding phoenix on globe and standard with Chi-Rho on banner, in the stern sits Victory, steering the ship. Symbol "4" in the left field.
exe: symbol"4"/-//ASIS, diameter:17,5-18,5mm, weight: 2,68g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-248 (err. in RIC right field instead of left field), p-366,
Q-001
quadrans
Constans_AE-2-Follis_DN-CONSTA-NS-PF-AVG_FEL-TEMP-REPAR-ATIO_dot-Gamma-SIS-dot_RIC-VIII_Siscia_AD_Q-002_axis-6h_23-23,5mm_4,28g-y-s.jpg
146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 256, A/-//--;-/-//•ΓSIS•, AE-2 Follis, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley,113 views146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 256, A/-//--;-/-//•ΓSIS•, AE-2 Follis, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley,
avers:- DN-CONSTA-NS-PF-AVG, Draped, diademed, bust right, "A" on the left fields, behind the neck.
revers:- FEL-TEMP-REPAR-ATIO, Emperor military dress stage left on galley, holding victory with wreath and palm on globe and standard with Chi-Rho on banner, in the stern sits Victory, steering the ship. "A" on the left star in the right fields.
exe: A/-//--;-/-//•ΓSIS•, diameter: 23-23,5 mm, weight: 4,28 g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 348-350 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-256, p-367,
Q-001
quadrans
Constans_AE-2-Follis_DN-CONSTA-NS-PF-AVG_FEL-TEMP-REPAR-ATIO_A-A_TSA_RIC-VIII-122_Thessalonica_AD_Q-001_6h_23,5mm_4,57ga-s.jpg
146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VIII 122, A/-//--; A/-//TSA, AE-2 Follis, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley,69 views146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VIII 122, A/-//--; A/-//TSA, AE-2 Follis, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley,
avers:- DN-CONSTA-NS-PF-AVG, Pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, "A" behind the neck.
revers:- FEL-TEMP-REPAR-ATIO, Emperor military dress stage left on galley, holding victory with wreath and palm on globe and standard with Chi-Rho on banner, in the stern sits Victory, steering the ship. "A" on the left star in the right fields.
exe: A/-//--; A/-//TSA, diameter: 23,5 mm, weight: 4,57 g, axis: 6h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 348-350 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-122, p-,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-II__AE-2-Follis_DN-CONSTAN-TIVS-P-F-AVG_FEL-TEMP-REPARATIO_CONSA_RIC-VIII-84-p-454_Constantinopolis_348-51-AD_Q-001_0h_20,0-21,5mm_5,02g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Constantinopolis, RIC VIII 084, -/-//CONSA, AE-2 Follis, FELTEMP REPARATIO, Emperor left and two captives, Scarce!130 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Constantinopolis, RIC VIII 084, -/-//CONSA, AE-2 Follis, FELTEMP REPARATIO, Emperor left and two captives, Scarce!
avers:- D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, holding globe.
rever:- FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Constantius II in military dress standing left, holding labarum with Chi-Rho and resting hand on shield set on ground, to left, two captives.
exergo: -/-//CONSA, diameter: 20,0-21,5mm, weight: 5,02g, axis: 0h,
mint: Constantinopolis, date: 348-51 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-84, p-454, Scarce!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
147_Constantius_II_,_Rome,_RIC_VIII_204,_AE-24,_D_N_CONSTAN_TIVS_P_F_AVG,_GLORIA_ROMANORVM,_star,_RP,_350-1_AD,_Q-001,_0h,_24mm,_4,46g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Roma, RIC VIII 204, AE-2 Follis, -/*//RP, GLORIA ROMANORVM, Soldier spearing falling enemy, #1126 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Roma, RIC VIII 204, AE-2 Follis, -/*//RP, GLORIA ROMANORVM, Soldier spearing falling enemy, #1
avers: D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, Cs1, G3, Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, holding globe, A behind head.
reverse: GLORIA ROMANORVM, Emperor in military dress, on horseback, galloping right, (no shield), spearing barbarian wearing a Phrygian helmet and with outstretched arms kneeling left in front of the horse, shield and broken spear beneath horse. Star in the upper right field.
exergue: -/*//RP, diameter: 23,5-24mm, weight: 4,46g, axis: 0h,
mint: Roma, date: 350-351 A.D., ref: RIC VIII 204,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Constantius-II__AE-2-Follis_DN-CONSTAN-TIVS-PF-AVG_A_CONCORDIA-MILITVM_III_star-SIRM_RIC-VIII-21-p-386-Cs1-D3_Sirmium_351-55_AD_Q-001_0h_23-24,5mm_5,28gs.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Sirmium, RIC VIII 021, AE-2 Follis, A/-//--, III/-//*SIRM, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor with two standard, 67 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Sirmium, RIC VIII 021, AE-2 Follis, A/-//--, III/-//*SIRM, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor with two standard,
avers:- D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, Cs1,D3, Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, "A" behind the busts.
rever:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor diademed, and military dress standing, faceing, head left, above him star. In each hand he holds a standard with Chi-Rho on the banner. "III" in the left field.
exergo: A/-//--, III/-//*SIRM, diameter: 23-24,5mm, weight: 5,28g, axis: 0h,
mint: Sirmium, date: 351-355 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-021, p-386,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-II__AE-2-Follis_DN-CONSTAN-TIVS-PF-AVG_A-star_CONCORDIA-MILITVM_A_dotASISdot_RIC-VIII-289-p-369-Cs1-D3_Siscia_350-AD_Scarce_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 284, AE-2 Follis, A/*//--, A/-//•ASIS•, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor with two standard, Scarce !64 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 284, AE-2 Follis, A/*//--, A/-//•ASIS•, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor with two standard, Scarce !
avers:- D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, Cs1,D3, Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, "A" behind the busts,"*" in front.
rever:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor diademed, and military dress standing, faceing, head left, above him star. In each hand he holds a standard with Chi-Rho on the banner. "A" in the left field.
exergo: A/*//--, A/-//•ASIS•, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: 350 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-284, p-369, 3rd.-off., Scarce,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-II__AE-2-Follis_DN-CONSTAN-TIVS-PF-AVG-A-star_CONCORDIA-MILITVM_A_dot-Gamma-SIS_RIC-VIII-289-p-369-Cs1-D3_Siscia_350-AD_Scarce_Q-001_axis-6h_23,5-25mm_4,42g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 289, AE-2 Follis, A/*//--, A/-//•ΓSIS*, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor with two standard, Scarce ! 200 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 289, AE-2 Follis, A/*//--, A/-//•ΓSIS*, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor with two standard, Scarce !
avers:- D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, Cs1,D3, Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, "A" behind the busts,"*" in front.
rever:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor diademed, and military dress standing, faceing, head left, above him star. In each hand he holds a standard with Chi-Rho on the banner. "A" in the left field.
exergo: A/*//--, A/-//•ΓSIS*, diameter: 21,5-22mm, weight: 4,12g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 350 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-289, p-369, 3rd.-off., Scarce,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-II__AE-2-Follis_DN-CONSTAN-TIVS-PF-AVG_A_CONCORDIA-MILITVM_III_ESISdot_RIC-VIII-304-p-371-Cs1-D3_Siscia_350-51_AD_Scarce_Q-001_5h_22,5mm_6,15g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 307, AE-2 Follis, A/-//--, III/-//ESIS•, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor with two standard, Rare !65 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 307, AE-2 Follis, A/-//--, III/-//ESIS•, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor with two standard, Rare !
avers:- D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, Cs1,D3, Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, "A" behind the busts.
rever:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor diademed, and military dress standing, faceing, head left, above him star. In each hand he holds a standard with Chi-Rho on the banner. "III" in the left field.
exergo: A/-//--, III/-//ESIS•, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 6,15g, axis: 5h,
mint: Siscia, date: 350 351 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-307, p-371, 5th.-off., Rare !
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-II__AE-2-Follis_DN-CONSTAN-TIVS-PF-AVG_FEL-TEMP-REPARATIO_A-SIS-star_RIC-VIII-327-p-374-Cs1-D3_Siscia_354-5-AD_Q-001_axis-6h_23,5-25mm_4,42g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 327, AE-2 Follis, A/-//-, III/*//ASIS, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley, #1181 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 327, AE-2 Follis, A/-//-, III/*//ASIS, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley, #1
avers:- D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, Cs1,D3, Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
rever:- FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding Victory on globe and standard with Chi-Rho on the banner, in the stern sits Victory, steering the ship.
exergo: A/-//-, III/*//ASIS, diameter: 23,5-25mm, weight: 4,42g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 354-355 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-327, p-374, 1st.-off., c,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-II__AE-2-Follis_DN-CONSTAN-TIVS-PF-AVG_H-behtheNeck_FEL-TEMP-REPARATIO_III_star_A-SIS_RIC-VIII-327-p-374-Cs1-D3_Siscia_354-5-AD_Q-002_axis-5h_22-24mm_5,41g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 327, AE-2 Follis, A/-//-, III/*//ASIS, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley, #2132 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 327, AE-2 Follis, A/-//-, III/*//ASIS, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley, #2
avers:- D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, Cs1,D3, Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
rever:- FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding Victory on globe and standard with Chi-Rho on the banner, in the stern sits Victory, steering the ship.
exergo: A/-//-, III/*//ASIS, diameter: 22-24mm, weight: 5,41g, axis: 5h,
mint: Siscia, date: 354-355 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-327, p-374, 1st.-off., c,
Q-002
quadrans
Constantius-II__AE-2-Follis_DN-CONSTAN-TIVS-PF-AVG_A-_FEL-TEMP-REPARATIO_B_star_dotTSEdot_RIC-VIII-133-p-_Thessalonica_350-AD_Q-001_5h_21,6-23mm_5,12g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VIII 133, AE-2 Follis, A/-//-, B/*//•TSЄ•, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley, #2126 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VIII 133, AE-2 Follis, A/-//-, B/*//•TSЄ•, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley, #2
avers:- D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, (Cs1,D3,) Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, "A" behind the bust.
rever:- FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding phoenix on globe and standard with Chi-Rho on the banner, in the stern sits Victory, steering the ship.
exergo: A/-//-, B/*//•TSЄ•, diameter: 21,6-23mm, weight: 5,12g, axis: 5h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 354-355 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-133, p-414,
Q-002
quadrans
Constantius-II__AE-2_DN-CONSTAN-TIVS-PF-AVG_FEL-TEMP-RE-PARATIO_A-_B-star_dotTSAdot_RIC-VIII-133-p-414_Thessalonica_-AD_S_Q-001_h_mm_ga-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VIII 133, AE-2 Follis, A/-//-, B/*//•TSA•, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley, #179 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VIII 133, AE-2 Follis, A/-//-, B/*//•TSA•, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley, #1
avers:- D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, (Cs1,D3,) Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, "A" behind the bust.
rever:- FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding phoenix on globe and standard with Chi-Rho on the banner, in the stern sits Victory, steering the ship.
exergo: A/-//-, B/*//•TSA•, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 354-355 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-133, p-414,
Q-001
quadrans
147_Constantius_II_,_Thessalonica,_RIC_VIII_172,B,_AE-3,_D_N_CONSTAN_TIVS_P_F_AVG,_FEL_TEMP_RE_PARATIO,__#915;-star,_starTSBstar,_350-5AD,_Q-001,_11h,_23,3-24mm,_5,40gx-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VIII 172, AE-2 Follis, Γ/*//*TSB*, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor and captive, #1122 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VIII 172, AE-2 Follis, Γ/*//*TSB*, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor and captive, #1
avers: D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, (Cs1,D3,) Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: FEL TEMP RE PARATIO, Emperor in military dress advancing left, treading on captive (Phrygian helmet), holding Victory on a globe and a chi-rho standard, Γ left, star right.
exergue: Γ/*//*TSB*, diameter: 21,6-23mm, weight: 5,12g, axis: 5h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 350-355 A.D., ref: RIC VIII 172, p-418, LRBC #1671,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
147_Constantius_II__Thessalonica_RIC_VIII_215,_AE-3_D_N_CONSTAN_TIVS_P_F_AVG_SPES_REI_PVBLICE_star_SMTSB_p-422_355-61AD_Q-001_11h_15,0-16,0mm_2,22g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VIII 215, AE-3 Follis, */-//SMTSB, SPES REI PVBLICE, Constantius in military dress standing left, #188 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VIII 215, AE-3 Follis, */-//SMTSB, SPES REI PVBLICE, Constantius in military dress standing left, #1
avers:- D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
rever:- SPES REI PVBLICE, Constantius in military dress standing left holding spear and globe.
exergo: */-//SMTSB, diameter: 15,0-16,0mm, weight: 2,22g, axis: 11h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 355-361 A.D., ref: RIC VIII Thessalonica 215., p-422,
Q-001
quadrans
RI_148aa_img.jpg
148 - Galerius - Follis - RIC VI Alexandria 8221 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right (divergent ties)
Rev:– VIRTVS EXERCITVS, Mars advancing right, in military dress, holding transverse spear, shield and trophy.
Minted in Alexandria (X | S / K // ALE). A.D. 308-310
Reference:– RIC VI Alexandria 82
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 148f img.jpg
148 - Galerius - RIC VI Alexandria 7549 viewsAE Follis
Obverse Legend – IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate bust right
Reverse Legend – VIRTVS EX-ERCITVS, Mars, advancing right in military dress, right hand holding spear, left hand holding shield and arms over shoulder
Minted in Alexandria (P in left field, Γ over R in right field, ALE in exe.). Mid A.D. 308
Reference:– RIC VI Alexandria 75 (Scarce)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 148e img.jpg
148 - Galerius - RIC VI Cyzicus 05929 viewsObverse Legend – GAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate bust right
Reverse Legend – VIRTVTI E-X-ERCITVS, Mars, advancing right in military dress, right hand holding spear, left hand holding shield and arms over shoulder
Minted in Cyzicus (A | * / MKV). A.D. 309-310
References:– RIC VI Cyzicus 59 (Scarce)
maridvnvm
Magnentius_AE-2-24-Cent-_IMP-CAE-MAGNEN-TIVS-AVG_VICTORIA-AVG-LIB-ROMANOR_R-P_RIC-177_C-57_Rome-_Q-001_h_24mm_5,13gx-s.jpg
148 Magnentius (350-353 A.D.), Rome, RIC VIII 177P, -/-//RP, AE-2, Centenionalis, VICTORIA AVG LIB ROMANOR, Emperor,113 views148 Magnentius (350-353 A.D.), Rome, RIC VIII 177P, -/-//RP, AE-2, Centenionalis, VICTORIA AVG LIB ROMANOR, Emperor,
avers:- IMP CAE MAGNEN TIVS AVG, Bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- VICTORIA AVG LIB ROMANOR, Emperor, bare-headed and in military dress, standing right holding olive branch and standard decorated with an eagle, foot on the shoulder of a bare-headed captive seated right.
exerg: -/-//RP, diameter: 24mm, weight: 5,13g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 350-353 AD., ref: RIC VIII 177, C-57, Sear 18811,
Q-001
quadrans
Magnentius_AE-2-25-Cent-_IMP-CAE-MAGNEN-TIVS-AVG_VICTORIA-AVG-LIB-ROMANOR_A-ls_R-dot-F-dot-S_RIC-179_C-00_Rome-350-353_Q-001_h_22-27mm_4,69g-s.jpg
148 Magnentius (350-353 A.D.), Rome, RIC VIII 179S, A/-//R•F•S, AE-2, Centenionalis, VICTORIA AVG LIB ROMANOR, Emperor,106 views148 Magnentius (350-353 A.D.), Rome, RIC VIII 179S, A/-//R•F•S, AE-2, Centenionalis, VICTORIA AVG LIB ROMANOR, Emperor,
avers:- IMP CAE MAGNEN TIVS AVG, Bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- VICTORIA AVG LIB ROMANOR, Emperor, bare-headed and in military dress, standing right holding olive branch and standard decorated with an eagle, foot on the shoulder of a bare-headed captive seated right. A in left field.
exerg: A/-//R•F•S, diameter: 22-27mm, weight: 4,69g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 350-353 AD., ref: RIC VIII 179S, Sear 18812,
Q-001
quadrans
Trier_RIC_VIII_267,_148_Magnentius_AE-1-28_A_DN_MAGNEN_TIVS_P_F_AVG_GLORIA_ROMANORVM_TRP__350-353_Q-001_7h_21,0-21,5mm_4,66g-s.jpg
148 Magnentius (350-353 A.D.), Trier, RIC VIII 267, AE-22, Centenionalis, A/-//--;-/-//TRP•, GLORIA ROMANORVM, Emperor in military dress galloping right, 155 views148 Magnentius (350-353 A.D.), Trier, RIC VIII 267, AE-22, Centenionalis, A/-//--;-/-//TRP•, GLORIA ROMANORVM, Emperor in military dress galloping right,
avers:- D N MAGNEN TIVS P F AVG, Bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right, A behind head.
revers:- GLORIA ROMANORVM, Emperor in military dress galloping right, holding shield, wielding spear at a bare-headed foe before the horse.
exerg: A/-//--;-/-//TRP•, diameter: 21-21,5mm, weight: 4,66g, axis: 7h,
mint: Trier, date: 350-353 AD., ref: RIC VIII 267, C-,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
177Hadrian__RIC299.JPG
1497 Hadrian Denarius Roma 134-38 AD Africa24 viewsReference.
RIC II, 299; Strack 297; RIC III, 1497

Bust A1+

Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P.
Bare head

Rev. AFRICA
Africa reclining left, wearing elephant-skin headdress and holding scorpion and cornucopia, basket of fruits at her feet

3.20 gr
18 mm
12h
okidoki
15-Alex-Mesembria-P1013.jpg
15. Mesembria: Tetradrachm in the name of Alexander the Great.35 viewsTetradrachm, ca 250 - 175 BC, Mesembria mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΟΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. Monogram under throne, Corinthian helmet at left.
16.66 gm., 33 mm.
P. #1013.
1 commentsCallimachus
1067_P_Hadrian_RPC1505.JPG
1505 MYSIA. Cyzicus. Hadrian Emperor on horse9 viewsReference.
RPC III, 1505/6; SNG France 643; BMC -; SNG Cop. -; SNG v. Aulock 7369 var

Obv. ΑΥΤΟΚΡ ΚΑΙСΑΡΑ ΤΡΑΙΑΝ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟΝ
Laureate and cuirassed bust of Hadrian, r., with drapery on l. shoulder

Rev. ΚΥ/ΖΙ
Emperor in military dress with r. hand raised, on horse r.

17.04 gr
30 mm
6h

Note.
ex Münzzentrum, Auktion 59, 1986, Los 1066
okidoki
151_Vetranio_(350_AD_),_Siscia,_RIC_VIII_292A,_AE-22,_D_N_VETRA_NIO_P_F_AVG,_HOC_SIG_NO_VICTOR_ERIS,_A-STAR,_A_dotASISstar,_350_AD,_Q-001,_1h,_22-23,5mm,_6,07g-s.jpg
151 Vetranio (350 AD.), Siscia, RIC VIII 292A, AE-22 Follis, A/*//--, A/-//•ASIS*, HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS, Emperor, diademed and in military dress, facing, Scarce! #165 views151 Vetranio (350 AD.), Siscia, RIC VIII 292A, AE-22 Follis, A/*//--, A/-//•ASIS*, HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS, Emperor, diademed and in military dress, facing, Scarce! #1
avers: D N VETRA NIO P F AVG, Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, A behind head, star before head, A/*//--.
reverse: HOC SIG NO VICTOR ERIS, Emperor, diademed and in military dress, facing, head turned left, holding labarum and transverse spear, being crowned by Victory, who holds a palm branch.
exergue: A/-//•ASIS*, diameter: 22,0-23,5mm, weight: 6,07g, axis: 1h,
mint: Siscia, date: 350 A.D., ref: RIC VIII 292A,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
RI 152j img.jpg
152 - Maxentius - RIC VI Aquilea 113221 viewsObv:– IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG, Laureate Bust right
Rev:– CONSERV VRB SVAE, Roma seated left, on shield in tetrastyle temple, right hand handing globe to Maxentius (in military dress standing right) left hand holding sceptre; seated captive between; victories as acroteria; wolf and twins in pedament
Minted in Aquilea (AQP in exe.) between 25th July 306 A.D. – Autumn 307 A.D.
References:– RIC VI Aquilea 113 (C)
5 commentsmaridvnvm
Constantius-Gallus_AE-2_DN-CONSTANTIVS-IVN-NOB-C_A-beh-bust_CONCORDIA-MILITVM_III_E-SIS-crescent_RIC-VIII-303_p-371_Siscia_350-351-AD_Scarce_Q-001_axis-1h_23,5mm_5,11ga-s.jpg
152 Constantius Gallus (351-354 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VIII 303, AE-2 Follis, A/-//--; III/-//ЄSISᴗ, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor with two standard, Scarce !133 views152 Constantius Gallus (351-354 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VIII 303, AE-2 Follis, A/-//--; III/-//ЄSISᴗ, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor with two standard, Scarce !
avers:- D N CONSTATIVS IVN NOB C, "A" behind bust, bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor diademed and in military dress standing facing, head left, holding a labarum in each hand, star above, III in left field.
exe: A/-//--; III/-//ЄSISᴗ, diameter: 23,5mm, weight: 5,11g, axis: 1h,
mint: Siscia, date: 350-351 A.D., ref: RIC VIII 303, p-371, Scarce!,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
1545_Leonard_FUCHS_Drawing_37.jpg
1545 Leonhard Fuchs Botanical Woodcut Prints165 viewsDate: AD 1545, Basel, Isingrin, rare
Size: 6.3 x 3.5 inches

These are two woodcut prints with hand colored sketches and hand-written notes. This is original from the AD 1545 Octavo edition. Issued in Läbliche abbildung und contrafaytung aller kreüter so ... inn dem ersten theyl seins neüwen kreüterbuchs hat begriffen, in ein kleinere form auff das allerartlichste gezogen ... Basel, Isingrin 1545.

Fuch’s work and its beautiful illustrations effected a revolution in the natural sciences, comparable to that of Copernicus in astronomy and Vesalius in anatomy, both of which were published the following year, AD 1543. To effect this reform accurate illustration and identification was the first requirement and it was to this task that Fuchs addressed himself. Fuchs employed the best artists then available in Basle: Albrecht Meyer did the drawings, Heinrich Füllmaurer transferred them to the woodblocks, and they were cut by Veit Rudolph Speckle. All three are depicted in the book, the first time that book illustrators are themselves portrayed and named. These illustrations set a new standard for botanical depiction and were some of the most influential in botanical history, being copied for innumerable works well into the 18th century. Some 40 species are illustrated for the first time, including several American plants, such as maize and the pumpkin.
‘The coloring of many copies of Fuchs ... is authentic, in that they were issued by the publisher in a colored state based upon the artist’s original colored drawings made from living specimens’ (Blunt).
1 commentsNoah
RI_155aj_img.jpg
155 - Licinius I - Follis - RIC VII Ticinum 13 12 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right
Rev:– MARTI CON-SERVATORI, Mars, helmeted, in military dress, cloak over right shoulder, standing right, holding upright spear, point downwards, resting left hand on shield
Minted in Ticinum (* | _ // ST). A.D. 314-315
Reference(s) – RIC VII Ticinum 13 (Rated R3)
maridvnvm
RI_155ap_img.jpg
155 - Licinius I - Follis - RIC VII Ticinum 13 var 29 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right
Rev:– MARTI CON-SERVATORI, Mars, helmeted, in military dress, cloak over right shoulder, standing right, holding upright spear, point downwards, resting left hand on shield
Minted in Ticinum (* | _ // PT). A.D. 314-315
Reference:– RIC VII Ticinum 13 var (Unlisted officina - Example noted on NotInRIC)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Valentinianus-I_AE-Follis_DN-VALENTINIANVS-P-F-AVG_RESTITVTOR-REIPVBLICAE_SMNA_RIC-IX-7a1A_C-30_Nicomedia-367-375_Q-001_0h_25-25,5mm9,18g-s.jpg
155 Valentinianus I. (364-375 A.D.), RIC IX 007a1A, Nicomedia, AE-1, RESTITVTOR-REIPVBLICAE, -/-//SMNA, Emperor standing front, Rare (2R) !! #1132 views155 Valentinianus I. (364-375 A.D.), RIC IX 007a1A, Nicomedia, AE-1, RESTITVTOR-REIPVBLICAE, -/-//SMNA, Emperor standing front, Rare (2R) !! #1
avers:- D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers: RESTITVTOR REIPVBLICAE, Emperor standing front, looking right, in military dress, holding labarum and Victory on globe.
exergo: -/-//SMNA, diameter: 25,0-25,5mm, weight: 9,18g, axis:0h,
mint: Nicomedia, date: 367-375 A.D., ref: RIC-IX-7a1A, p-251, C-30, 2R!!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
16-Alex-Aradus-P3396.jpg
16. Aradus: Tetradrachm in the name of Alexander the Great.66 viewsTetradrachm, 196 / 195 BC, Aradus mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. Palm tree at left, ΑΡ monogram under throne, ΔΞ in exergue.
17.00 gm., 30 mm.
P. #3396.

Dating this coin: ΔΞ = year 64 = 196 / 195 BC. The era dates to 259 BC when Aradus gained its autonomy. In this series there are 35 different dates between year 17 (243 / 242 BC) and year 94 (166 / 165 BC). There are several breaks in the series (after years 45 and 69 for example) which reflect different political situations in Phoenecia.
Callimachus
RI_160fg_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - AE Folis - RIC VI Lugdunum 304 23 viewsObv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right (seen from rear)
Rev:- MARTI CO-NSERVATORI, Mars helmeted, in military dress, cloak hanging over right shoulder, standing, right, holding reversed spear, left hand leaning on shield
Minted in Lugdunum (F | T / PLC). Sping A.D. 310-311
Reference:– Bastien XI 531 (34 examples of which 29 with this reverse legend break). RIC VI Lugdunum 304 (C)

24.30 mm. 3.98 gms. 45 degrees.
maridvnvm
RI_160fv_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - Follis - RIC VI London 251 16 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– MARTI CO-NSERVATORI. Mars helmeted, in military dress, cloak hanging over right shoulder, standing, right, holding reversed spear, left hand leaning on shield
Minted in London (* | _ // PLN). Late A.D. 312- May A.D. 313
Reference:– RIC VI London 251 (Rated S with CON-S, noted rarely occurring with CO-NS. This seems to be supported by a spot check of other coins of this issue)
maridvnvm
RI_160dp_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - Follis - RIC VI Trier 86238 viewsObv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– MARTI CONSERVATORI. Mars helmeted, in military dress, spread cloak, standing, right, holding reversed spear, left hand leaning on shield
Minted in Trier (T | F / PTR).
Reference:– RIC VI Trier 862

Weight 4.63g. 23.27mm.
maridvnvm
RI 160ce img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VI London 25125 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:–. MARTI CONSERVATORI, Mars helmeted, in military dress, spread cloak, standing, right, holding reversed spear, left hand leaning on shield
Minted in London (* | _ / PLN). Late A.D. 312-313
Reference:– RIC VI London 251 (Scarce)
maridvnvm
RI 160ck img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VI Ticinum 124a42 viewsFollis
Obv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate cuirassed bust right
Rev:–. MARTI CONSERVATORI. Mars helmeted, in military dress, spread cloak, standing, right, holding reversed spear, left hand leaning on shield
Minted in Ticinum (//TT). A.D. 312-313
Reference:– RIC VI Ticinum 124a (S)
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_160gj_imga.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VI Ticinum 124a37 viewsFollis
Obv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate cuirassed bust right
Rev:–. MARTI CONSERVATORI. Mars helmeted, in military dress, spread cloak, standing, right, holding reversed spear, left hand leaning on shield
Minted in Ticinum (//TT). A.D. 312-313
Reference:– RIC VI Ticinum 124a (S)
3 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_160gn_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VI Trier 85531 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate cuirassed bust right
Rev:- MARTI CON-SERVATORI, Mars helmeted, in military dress, spread cloak, standing, right, holding reversed spear, left hand leaning on shield
Minted in Trier (T | F / PTR). A.D. 310 - 313
Reference(s) – RIC VI Trier 855 (S).

3.64g. 23.95 mm. 180 degrees.
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_160ft_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VI Trier 897 (Half Follis)18 viewsHalf Follis
Obv:– CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– MARTI CONSERV, Mars helmeted, in military dress, spread cloak, standing, right, holding reversed spear, left hand leaning on shield
Minted in Trier (// PTR). A.D. 310 - 311
Reference:– RIC VI Trier 897 (S)
maridvnvm
RI_160fw_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VI Trier 897 (Half Follis)17 viewsHalf Follis
Obv:– CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– MARTI CONSERV, Mars helmeted, in military dress, spread cloak, standing, right, holding reversed spear, left hand leaning on shield
Minted in Trier (// PTR). A.D. 310 - 311
Reference:– RIC VI Trier 897 (S)
maridvnvm
RI_160fq_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Lugdunum 01020 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right (seen from rear)
Rev:- MARTI CON-SERVATORI, Mars helmeted, in military dress, cloak hanging over right shoulder, standing, right, holding reversed spear, left hand leaning on shield
Minted in Lugdunum (T | F / PLC). A.D. 315
Reference:– Bastien XI 570 (30 examples cited). RIC VII Lugdunum 10 (R2)

20.19mm. 3.41 gms. 180 degrees.
maridvnvm
RI_160dm_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Trier 08229 viewsFollis
Obv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:–. MARTI CON-SERVATORI. Mars helmeted, in military dress, spread cloak, standing, right, holding reversed spear, left hand leaning on shield
Minted in Trier (B | S / PTR). A.D. 315-316
Reference:– RIC VII Trier 82 (S)

Weight 3.62g. 21.48mm.
maridvnvm
RI_160gq_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Trier 115 var3 viewsAE Follis
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate cuirassed bust right
Rev:–. MARTI CONS-ERVATORI. Mars helmeted, in military dress, spread cloak, standing, right, looking left, holding reversed spear, left hand leaning on shield
Minted in Trier (T | F / BTR). A.D. 315-316
Reference:– RIC VII Trier 115 var (Reverse legend break, N-S break is R5. This reverse legend break is known from a single example in Vienna for RIC 117)

2.53g, 21.96mm, 180o
maridvnvm
RI 160cd img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Trier 11838 viewsAE Follis
Obv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate cuirassed bust right
Rev:–. MARTI CON-SERVATORI. Mars helmeted, in military dress, spread cloak, standing, right, looking left, holding reversed spear, left hand leaning on shield
Minted in Trier (T | F / BTR). A.D. 315-316
Reference:– RIC VII Trier 118 (R4)
maridvnvm
RI_160gl_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII VII Trier 08031 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:–. MARTI CON-SERVATORI. Mars helmeted, in military dress, spread cloak, standing, right, holding reversed spear, left hand leaning on shield
Minted in Trier (A | S / PTR). A.D. 315-316
Reference(s) – RIC VII Trier 80 (R2)

3.76g. 20.44 mm. 180 degrees.
maridvnvm
Flaccilla_AE-2_AEL-FLAC-CILLA-AVG_SALVS-REI-PVBLICAE_CON-Gamma_RIC-IX-55-p229_Constantinopolis_378-88-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
161 Aelia Flaccilla (???- 386 A.D.), Constantinopolis, RIC IX 055-3, -/-//CONΓ, AE-1, SALVS REIPVBLICAE, Victory seated right, #1286 views161 Aelia Flaccilla (???- 386 A.D.), Constantinopolis, RIC IX 055-3, -/-//CONΓ, AE-1, SALVS REIPVBLICAE, Victory seated right, #1
Wife of Theodosius I and mother of Honorius and Arcadius.
avers:- AEL FLAC CILLA AVG, Draped bust right, wearing elaborate headdress, necklace, and mantle.
revers:- SALVS REI PVBLICAE, Victory seated right on throne, inscribing a Christogram on a shield set on a column.
exe: -/-//CONΓ, diameter: 22mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Constantinopolis, date: 379-388 A.D., ref: RIC IX 55, p-229,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Flaccilla_AE-4_AEL-FLAC-CILLA-AVG_SALVS-REI-PVBLICAE_SMHA_RIC-IX-17-1_p-196_Heraclea_378-83-AD_Q-001_11h_14-14,5mm_1,18g-s.jpg
161 Aelia Flaccilla (???- 386 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC IX 017-1, -/-//SMHA, AE-4, SALVS REIPVBLICAE, Victory seated right, R!, #191 views161 Aelia Flaccilla (???- 386 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC IX 017-1, -/-//SMHA, AE-4, SALVS REIPVBLICAE, Victory seated right, R!, #1
Wife of Theodosius I and mother of Honorius and Arcadius.
avers:- AEL FLAC CILLA AVG, Draped bust right, wearing elaborate headdress, necklace, and mantle.
revers:- SALVS REI PVBLICAE, Victory seated right on throne, inscribing a Christogram on a shield set on a column.
exe: -/-//SMHA, diameter: 14-14,5mm, weight: 1,18g, axis: 11h, R!
mint: Heraclea, date: 379-388 A.D., ref: RIC IX 17-1, p-196,
Q-001
quadrans
30Hadrian_RIC161.jpg
161 Hadrian Denarius Roma 125-28 AD Roma standing15 viewsReference.
RIC 161; Strack 175; RSC 349; BMCRE 361-2

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS
Laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder.

Rev. COS III
Roma standing left, in military dress, holding Victory and spear

3.29 gr
20 mm
h
okidoki
RI_168as_img.JPG
168 - Constantine II - RIC VII Trier 17330 viewsAe3
Obv:– FL CL CONSTANTINVS IVN N C, Bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, The prince in military dress standing right with spear & orb
Minted in Trier (F | T /BTR).
Reference:– RIC VII Trier 173
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_169bg_img.jpg
169 - Constans - AE2 - Barbarous imitiation of RIC VIII Aquileia 09939 viewsAE2
Obv:- D N CONSTANS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev:- FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding Phoenix and labarum, Victory sitting at the stern, steering the ship
Marbarous imitation of a coin minted in Aquileia; (//AQP dot), A.D. 348-350
Reference:– cf. RIC VIII Aquileia 99 (C)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_169bx_img.jpg
169 - Constans - AE2 - RIC VIII Alexandria 04513 viewsAE2
Obv:- D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev:- FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, Emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding Phoenix and labarum, Victory sitting at the stern, steering the ship
Minted in Alexandria; (//ALEA), A.D. 348-350
Reference:– RIC VIII Alexandria 45 (R)

5.08 gms, 23.19 mm. 180 degrees
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_169bp_img.jpg
169 - Constans - AE2 - RIC VIII Alexandria 05333 viewsAE2
Obv:- D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev:- FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, Emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding Phoenix and labarum, Victory sitting at the stern, steering the ship
Minted in Alexandria; (_ | * //ALED), A.D. 348-350
Reference:– RIC VIII Alexandria 53 (R)

6.02 gms. 23.55 mm. 180 degrees
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_169by_img.jpg
169 - Constans - AE2 - RIC VIII Alexandria 05319 viewsAE2
Obv:- D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev:- FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, Emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding Phoenix and labarum, Victory sitting at the stern, steering the ship
Minted in Alexandria; (_ | * //ALEB), A.D. 348-350
Reference:– RIC VIII Alexandria 53 (R)

5.15 gms, 22.83 mm. 0 degrees
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_169bz_img.jpg
169 - Constans - AE2 - RIC VIII Antioch 124 corr var 12 viewsAE2
Obv:- D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev:- FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, Emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding Phoenix and labarum, Victory sitting at the stern, steering the ship. Prow decorated with trident
Minted in Antioch; (_ | * //ANH), A.D. 348-350
Reference:– RIC VIII Antioch 124 corr (* in right field not left as indicated in RIC) var (Unlisted officina, others Rated S)

5.19g, 23.48mm, 180o
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_169ai_img.jpg
169 - Constans - AE2 - RIC VIII Aquileia 09972 viewsAE2
Obv:- D N CONSTANS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev:- FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding Phoenix and labarum, Victory sitting at the stern, steering the ship
Minted in Aquileia; (//AQP dot), A.D. 348-350
Reference:– RIC VIII Aquileia 99 (C)
3 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_169as_img.jpg
169 - Constans - AE2 - RIC VIII Arles 10049 viewsAE2
Obv:- DN CONSTA-NS PF AVG, rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right,
Rev:- FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding Phoenix on globe and labarum, Victory sitting at the stern, steering the ship
Minted in Arles; (//SARL), A.D. 348-350
Reference:– RIC VIII Arles 100 (C)
3 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_169ab_img.jpg
169 - Constans - AE2 - RIC VIII Arles 128 19 viewsAE2
Obv:- DN CONSTA-NS PF AVG, rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, A behind head
Rev:- FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding Victory and labarum, Victory sitting at the stern, steering the ship
Minted in Arles; (A | _ //SARL)
Reference:– RIC VIII Arles 128
maridvnvm
RI_169bv_img.jpg
169 - Constans - AE2 - RIC VIII Constantinople 083 var 17 viewsAE2
Obv:- D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, Rosette and laureate diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
Rev:- FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding phoenix on globe, Victory sitting at the stern, steering the ship
Minted in Constantinople; (_ | S // CONSIA*)
Reference:– RIC VIII Constantinople 83 var (Unlisted officina - All other officina are R)

Cast Fake
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_169bt_img.jpg
169 - Constans - AE2 - RIC VIII Cyzicus 068 corr 24 viewsAE2
Obv:- D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
Rev:- FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding Phoenix and labarum, Victory sitting at the stern, steering the ship
Minted in Cyzicus; (_ | * // SMKS)
Reference:– RIC VIII Cyzicus 68 corr (R)

4.84 gms.23.93 mm. 0 degrees.

1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_169ad_img.jpg
169 - Constans - AE2 - RIC VIII Rome 10920 viewsAE2
Obv:- DN CONSTA-NS PF AVG, Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right,
Rev:- FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding Phoenix and labarum, Victory sitting at the stern, steering the ship
Minted in Rome; (//RE)
Reference:– RIC VIII Rome 109
maridvnvm
RI_169bs_img.jpg
169 - Constans - AE2 - RIC VIII Rome 114 var 26 viewsAE2
Obv:- D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, Laureate and rosette-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
Rev:- FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding Phoenix and labarum, Victory sitting at the stern, steering the ship
Minted in Rome; (/A | _ / RS)
Reference:– RIC VIII Rome 114 var (Unlisted officina, listed for RQ, which is R)

5.60 gms. 24.11 mm. 180 degrees.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_169bu_img.jpg
169 - Constans - AE2 - RIC VIII Rome 12218 viewsAE2
Obv:- D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, Rosette and laureate diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
Rev:- FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding Phoenix and labarum, Victory sitting at the stern, steering the ship
Minted in Rome; (G | _ // RS)
Reference:– RIC VIII Rome 122 (R)

Weight 4.21g. 24.54mm. 0 degrees
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_169be_img.jpg
169 - Constans - AE2 - RIC VIII Rome 152 29 viewsAE2
Obv:– D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, Laurel and rosette diadem, draped, cuirassed; A behind
Rev:– FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, Emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding Phoenix and labarum, Victory sitting at the stern, steering the ship
Minted in Rome (A | _ //RQ).
Reference:- RIC VIII Rome 152 (S)

Ex Collection Freimut Hüther (1935-2016), Germany, collected since the 1940’s
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_169ac_img.jpg
169 - Constans - AE2 - RIC VIII Trier 243 24 viewsAE2
Obv:- DN CONSTA-NS PF AVG, rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, A behind head
Rev:- FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding Victory and labarum, Victory sitting at the stern, steering the ship
Minted in Trier; (A | _ //TRS)
Reference:– RIC VIII Trier 243
maridvnvm
RI_169at_img.jpg
169 - Constans - AE3 - RIC VIII Siscia 248 corr. 29 viewsAE3
Obv:- DN CONSTA-NS PF AVG, rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right,
Rev:- FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding Phoenix on globe and labarum, Victory sitting at the stern, steering the ship
Minted in Siscia; (Sym4 | _ //DSIS), A.D. 348-350
Reference:– RIC VIII Siscia 248 corr. (err. in RIC right field instead of left field) (C2)

0 degrees. 2.65 gms. 18.67 mm
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 169a img.jpg
169 - Constans - RIC VIII Tessalonica 120 (AE3)26 viewsObv:– DN CONSTANS P F AVG, Diademed bust right, draped and cuirassed
Rev:– FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor in military dress standing on boat holding labarum, eagle resting on his hand, holding wreath in beak. Assistant rowing the boat
Minted in Tessalonica. TESA in exe. A.D. 348-351
Reference:– RIC VIII Tessalonica 120 (C)
maridvnvm
17-Alex-Temnos-P1686.jpg
17. Temnos: Tetradrachm in the name of Alexander the Great.33 viewsTetradrachm, ca 188 - 170 BC, Temnos mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟ&Upsilon / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. Two monograms, vine branch, and vase at left.
16.25 gm., 33 mm.
P. #1686; M. #958.
Callimachus
RI_170cg_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - RIC VIII Alexandria 5420 viewsAE2
Obv:– D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Laureate and rosette diadem, draped, cuirassed, globe in hand
Rev:– FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor bare headed & in military dress standing, holding standard with chi-rho on banner in his right hand, resting left hand on shield, two bound captives in Phrygian helmets kneeling, facing each other before him
Minted in Alexandria (//ALEA). 348 - 350 AD.
Reference:- RIC VIII Alexandria 54
maridvnvm
RI_170ap_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - RIC VIII Alexandria 55 35 viewsAE2
Obv:– D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Laureate and rosette diadem, draped, cuirassed, globe in hand
Rev:– FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor bare headed & in military dress standing, holding standard with chi-rho on banner in his right hand, resting left hand on shield, two bound captives in Phrygian helmets kneeling, facing each other before him
Minted in Alexandria (//ALEGamma). 348 - 350 AD.
Reference:- RIC VIII Alexandria 55
maridvnvm
RI_170bw_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - RIC VIII Antioch 125 23 viewsAe2
Obv:– D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, holding globe
Rev:– FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor bare headed & in military dress standing, holding standard with chi-rho on banner in his right hand, resting left hand on shield, two bound captives in Phrygian helmets kneeling, facing each other before him
Minted in Antioch (//ANA).
Reference:– RIC VIII Antioch 125 (C)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_170fm_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - RIC VIII Antioch 12515 viewsAE2
Obv:– D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev:– FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor bare headed & in military dress standing, holding standard with chi-rho on banner in his right hand, resting left hand on shield, two bound captives in Phrygian helmets kneeling, facing each other before him
Minted in Antioch (//ANB).
Reference:– RIC VIII Antioch 125 (C)

3.94 gms. 23.08 mm. 180 degrees.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_170ga_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - RIC VIII Antioch 12719 viewsAE2
Obv:- D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, holding globe
Rev:- FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor bare headed & in military dress standing, holding standard with chi-rho on banner in his right hand, resting left hand on shield, two bound captives in Phrygian helmets kneeling, facing each other before him. //ANA
Minted in Antioch (//ANB).
Reference:- RIC VIII Antioch 127 (S)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_170da_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - RIC VIII Antioch 127 50 viewsAE2
Obv:– D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, holding globe
Rev:– FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor bare headed & in military dress standing, holding standard with cross on banner in his right hand, resting left hand on shield, two bound captives in Phrygian helmets kneeling, facing each other before him
Minted in Antioch (* | _ /ANE). A.D. 348 to A.D. 350
Reference:- RIC VIII Antioch 127 (S)

Ex Kunker 288, ex. Collection Dr. Rainer Pudill
3 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_170er_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - RIC VIII Antioch 12730 viewsAE2
Obv:– D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, holding globe
Rev:– FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor bare headed & in military dress standing, holding standard with cross on banner in his right hand, resting left hand on shield, two bound captives in Phrygian helmets kneeling, facing each other before him
Minted in Antioch (* | _ /ANH).
Reference:- RIC VIII Antioch 127 (S)

3.73 gms. 21.01 mm. 180 degrees
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_170cw_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - RIC VIII Aquileia -24 viewsAE2
Obv:- D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust left, holding globe in right hand, N in right field
Rev:– FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor bare headed & in military dress standing, holding standard with chi-rho on banner in his right hand, resting left hand on shield, two bound captives in Phrygian helmets standing, facing each other before him
Minted in Aquileia (//AQP Dot)
Reference:- RIC VIII Aquileia -

Looking at RIC there are three issues for this type at Aquileia.

The first has no letters on either side. The captives are described as standing and would have AQP:dot: in exe. - RIC VIII Aquileia 107

The next two both have N behind the bust and an N in the left field on the reverse with the captives described as kneeling.

with AQP in exe this would be RIC VIII Aquileia 119
and with AQP* in exe this would be RIC VIII Aquileia 120

My example seems to be a mule from the later issues with letter behind the bust and the earlier issue with the captives standing but with no letter on the reverse.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_170y_img~0.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - RIC VIII Constantinople 084 21 viewsAE2
Obv:– D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, holding globe
Rev:– FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor bare headed & in military dress standing, holding standard with chi-rho on banner in his right hand, resting left hand on shield, two bound captives in Phrygian helmets standing, facing each other before him
Minted in Constantinople (//CONSZ).
Reference:– RIC VIII Constantinople 84 (C)
maridvnvm
RI_170bv_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - RIC VIII Cyzicus 084 21 viewsAe2
Obv:– D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, holding globe
Rev:– FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor bare headed & in military dress standing, holding standard with chi-rho on banner in his right hand, resting left hand on shield, two bound captives in Phrygian helmets kneeling, facing each other before him
Minted in Cyzicus (* | _ //SMKS).
Reference:– RIC VIII Cyzicus 84 (C)
maridvnvm
RI_170eb_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - RIC VIII Heraclea 06916 viewsAE2
Obv:– D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, holding globe
Rev:– FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor bare headed & in military dress standing, holding standard with chi-rho on banner in his right hand, resting left hand on shield, two bound captives in Phrygian helmets kneeling, facing each other before him.
Minted in Heraclea (//SMHA).
Reference:- RIC VIII Heraclea 69 (C)
maridvnvm
RI_170ay_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - RIC VIII Nicomedia 06725 viewsAE2
Obv:– D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right, holding globe in right hand
Rev:– FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor bare headed & in military dress standing, holding standard with chi-rho on banner in his right hand, resting left hand on shield, two bound captives in Phrygian helmets kneeling, facing each other before him
Minted in Nicomedia (//SMNE).
Reference:- RIC VIII Nicomedia 67
maridvnvm
RI_170df_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - RIC VIII Nicomedia 07126 viewsAE2
Obv:– D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right, holding globe in right hand
Rev:– FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor bare headed & in military dress standing, holding standard with chi-rho on banner in his right hand, resting left hand on shield, two bound captives in Phrygian helmets kneeling, facing each other before him
Minted in Nicomedia (* | _ //SMNG).
Reference:- RIC VIII Nicomedia 71 (C)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_170ds_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - RIC VIII Rome 18936 viewsAE2
Obv:– D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Pearl diadem, draped, cuirassed, globe in hand; N behind bust
Rev:– FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor bare headed & in military dress standing, holding standard with chi-rho on banner in his right hand, resting left hand on shield, two bound captives in Phrygian helmets standing, facing each other before him
Minted in Rome (N | _ //R dot T). before June A.D. 350
Reference:- RIC VIII Rome 189 (R2)

21.02 mm. 3.10 gms, 0 degrees
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_170bl_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - RIC VIII Siscia 22530 viewsAE2
Obv:– D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust left, globe in hand
Rev:– FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor bare headed & in military dress standing, holding standard with chi-rho on banner in his right hand, resting left hand on shield, two bound captives in Phrygian helmets standing, facing each other before him
Minted in Siscia (* | _ // BSISM). A.D. 348-350.
Reference:– RIC VIII Siscia 225 (Rated C2)
maridvnvm
RI_170ba_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - RIC VIII Thessalonica 17817 viewsAE2
Obv:– D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right,
Rev:– Emperor in military dress standing left, holding Victory on globe and a labarum, spurning a seated captive with his right foot.
Minted in Thessalonica (G | * //star TSA dot).
Reference:- RIC VIII Thessalonica 178
maridvnvm
RI_170cf_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - RIC VIII Thessalonica 17813 viewsAE2
Obv:– D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right,
Rev:– Emperor in military dress standing left, holding Victory on globe and a labarum, spurning a seated captive with his right foot.
Minted in Thessalonica (G | * //star TSA dot).
Reference:- RIC VIII Thessalonica 178
maridvnvm
IMG_2879.JPG
170 Commodus 53 viewsCommodus Denarius. L AEL AVREL COMM AVG P FEL, head right wearing lionskin headdress / HER-CVL RO-MAN AV-GV either side of club of Hercules, all in wreath.
RSC 190. RIC 251 Sear 5644
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
RI_171a_img.jpg
171 - Magnentius - RIC VIII Lugdunum 11218 viewsObv:– D N MAGNENTIVS P F AVG, Rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– FELICITAS REIPVBLICE, Emperor in military dress standing left, holding Victory on globe and standard with Chi-Rho on banner
Minted in Lugdunum (RSLG in exe). 19th January A.D. 350 – 18th August A.D. 353
Reference:– RIC VIII Lugdunum 112
maridvnvm
1797_PERTH_HALFPENNY.JPG
1797 AE Halfpenny Token. Perth, Scotland.24 viewsObverse: PRO REGE LEGE ET GREGE (For King, Law and Flock). Coat of Arms of the City of Perth consisting of double-headed eagle with shield, displaying lamb holding saltire flag.
Reverse: PERTH • HALFPENNY • • • •. A hank of yarn above a package of dressed flax; 17 - 97 across field.
Edge: Incuse legend “PAYABLE AT THE HOUSE OF PAT. K MAXWELL X X".
Diameter: 29mm.
Dalton & Hamer: 9
SCARCE

This token was issued by Patrick Maxwell, a grocer and spirit dealer on the High Street in Perth. In later years this business became known as Maxwell & Son. The hank of yarn and bale of flax refers to the linen trade in the town which was its main industry at the time of this token’s issue.
This token was engraved and manufactured by Joseph Kendrick at his works in Birmingham, England.
*Alex
17o-Crispus-Aqu-009.jpg
17o. Crispus: Aquileia.17 viewsAE3, 317, Aquileia mint.
Obverse: CRISPVS NOB CAES / Laureate bust of Crispus.
Reverse: PRINCIPIA IVVENTVTIS / Crispus standing, helmeted and in military dress, cloak over shoulder, resting his shield on ground, holding spear.
Mint mark: AQT
3.71 gm., 19 mm.
RIC #9; PBCC #748; Sear 16709.

The reverse legend of this coin is unique in all of Roman coinage. It can not be a simple spelling error -- PRINCIPIA (military headquarters) for PRINCIPI (Prince) -- because it exists on coins from several different mints. Thus it has got to be taken as referring to the military training given to Crispus and his commission to Gaul in 317 - 318.
Callimachus
18-Alex-Kyme-P1642.jpg
18. Kyme: Tetradrachm in the name of Alexander the Great.46 viewsTetradrachm, ca 188 - 170 BC, Kyme mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΟΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. A one-handled jug in wreath at left, ΑΘΗΝΙΚΩΝ in exergue.
16.71 gm., 37 mm.
P. #1642; M. #950.

The photo does not do justice to the beauty of this coin.
1 commentsCallimachus
George_III_Bank_of_England_Dollar_1804.JPG
1804 GEORGE III AR BANK OF ENGLAND DOLLAR 47 viewsObverse: GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA REX. Laureate and draped bust of George III facing right.
Reverse: BANK OF ENGLAND 1804. Britannia, seated left, holding a branch and spear, her left arm resting on a shield which in turn rests on a cornucopia, a beehive is in the background to the left; all within a garter inscribed FIVE SHILLINGS DOLLAR. The garter is surmounted by a castellated "crown" of five circular stone turrets.
On this coin there are enough traces of the host coin discernible on the reverse, near the edge between 'BANK' and 'OF', and on the obverse below the bust to make an accurate identification of the undertype possible. It was overstruck on a Spanish Colonial 8 Reales minted at Potosi in Bolivia which bore the date 1806.
Spink 3768; Obverse die A, Reverse die 2
Diameter: 41mm | Weight: 26.7gms | Die Axis: 11
SPINK: 3768

This portrait of George III was designed by Conrad Heinrich Kuchler (c.1740 - 1810), this is marked by C. H. K. in raised letters on the truncation at the king's shoulder. The reverse, which was also designed by Kuchler has the raised initial K in the triangular space between the shield, cornucopia, and Britannia's dress. Kuchler moved to Birmingham in 1795 and designed many of the coins and medals which were struck at Matthew Boulton's SOHO mint.

Note on George III Bank of England Silver Dollars
Although George III reigned for sixty years from 1760 to 1820, the only crowns issued were in the last three years of his reign, apart from these Bank of England dollars issued as an emergency measure.
There had been a persistent shortage of silver coins throughout most of George's reign, and the Bank of England attempted to alleviate this by counter-marking Spanish colonial 8-Reale pieces (the “pieces of eight” of pirate legend) with a punch bearing the head of George III. When this counter-mark was enthusiastically counterfeited, the bank resorted to counter-stamping the entire coin. Most survivors were struck on Mexican or Peruvian 8-Reale pieces, though a few have been found to be struck on issues from Spain proper. Although these Bank of England dollars are all dated 1804, they were issued every year until 1811, and occasionally the dates of Spanish 8 Reales minted after 1804 can be discerned on them. In 1811, to take account of the increase in the value of silver, the Bank of England dollar coins were revalued at 5s6d and they stayed at this value until they were withdrawn from circulation in 1817, by which time a massive silver re-coinage was being undertaken.
2 comments*Alex
1860_Victoria_Farthing.JPG
1860 VICTORIA BRONZE "BUN HEAD" FARTHING37 viewsObverse: VICTORIA D:G: BRITT:REG:F:D: "Bun head" bust of Queen Victoria with youthful features facing left.
Reverse: FARTHING. Britannia seated facing right, her right hand resting on shield, her left holding a trident; in left background, a lighthouse and in right background, a ship; 1860 in exergue.
SPINK: 3958

Victoria's "bun head" portrait was designed by Leonard Charles Wyon (1826 - 1891), he was the eldest son of William Wyon, who had previously designed the "young head" portrait of the Queen. The letters L C WYON are incuse amongst the ornamentation of the Queen's dress.
*Alex
Victoria_BH_halfpence_1862.JPG
1862 VICTORIA BRONZE "BUN HEAD" HALFPENNY4 viewsObverse: VICTORIA D:G: BRITT:REG:F:D: "Bun head" bust of Queen Victoria with youthful features facing left.
Reverse: HALF PENNY. Britannia seated facing right, her right hand resting on shield, her left holding a trident; in left background, a lighthouse and in right background, a ship; 1862 in exergue.
Diameter 25mm
SPINK: 3956

Victoria's "bun head" portrait was designed by Leonard Charles Wyon (1826 - 1891), he was the eldest son of William Wyon, who had previously designed the "young head" portrait of the Queen. The letters L C WYON are incuse amongst the ornamentation of the Queen's dress.
*Alex
1875H_VICTORIA_BUN_HEAD_FARTHING_.JPG
1875 "H" VICTORIA BRONZE "BUN HEAD" FARTHING34 viewsObverse: VICTORIA D:G: BRITT:REG:F:D: "Bun head" bust of Queen Victoria with elderly features facing left.
Reverse: FARTHING. Britannia seated facing right, her right hand resting on shield, her left holding a trident; in left background, a lighthouse and in right background, a ship; 1875, small "H" below, in exergue.
Diameter: 20mm
SPINK: 3959

Victoria's "bun head" portrait was designed by Leonard Charles Wyon (1826 - 1891), he was the eldest son of William Wyon, who had previously designed the "young head" portrait of the Queen. The letters L C WYON are incuse amongst the ornamentation of the Queen's dress.

On 1st April 1850 the auction was announced of equipment from the defunct Soho Mint, created by Matthew Boulton around 1788. At the auction, on 29th April, Ralph Heaton II bought Boulton's four steam-powered screw presses and six planchet presses for making blanks from strip metal. These were installed at Heaton's Bath Street works, and his Birmingham Mint began to strike trade tokens for use in Australia. In 1851 copper planchets were made for the Royal Mint to make into pennies, halfpennies, farthings, half-farthings and quarter-farthings.
In 1853 the Royal Mint was overwhelmed with producing silver and gold coins and so Ralph Heaton and Sons won their first contract to strike finished coins for Britain, these coins had no mintmark to identify them as from Birmingham.
In 1860 the firm bought a 1-acre plot on Icknield Street and constructed a three storey red brick factory. Completed in 1862 and employing 300 staff, it was at this time the largest private mint in the world.
From 1874 the Birmingham Mint began striking bronze pennies, halfpennies and farthings for the Royal Mint. This time though, the Birmingham Mint issues are distinguished by an H (for Heaton) mintmark below the date on the reverse. Victorian British coins bearing the H mintmark were produced in 1874, 1875, 1876, 1881 and 1882.
*Alex
Victoria_Halfpenny_1876H.JPG
1876 "H" VICTORIA BRONZE "BUN HEAD" HALFPENNY6 viewsObv: VICTORIA D:G: BRITT:REG:FID:DEF: "Bun head" bust of Queen Victoria with elderly features facing left.
Rev: HALF PENNY. Britannia seated facing right, her right hand resting on shield, her left holding a trident; in left background, a lighthouse and in right background, a ship; 1876, small H below, in exergue.
SPINK: 3957

Victoria's "bun head" portrait was designed by Leonard Charles Wyon (1826 - 1891), he was the eldest son of William Wyon, who had previously designed the "young head" portrait of the Queen. The letters L C WYON are incuse amongst the ornamentation of the Queen's dress.

On 1st April 1850 the auction was announced of equipment from the defunct Soho Mint, created by Matthew Boulton around 1788. At the auction, on 29th April, Ralph Heaton II bought Boulton's four steam-powered screw presses and six planchet presses for making blanks from strip metal. These were installed at Heaton's Bath Street works, and his Birmingham Mint began to strike trade tokens for use in Australia. In 1851 copper planchets were made for the Royal Mint to make into pennies, halfpennies, farthings, half-farthings and quarter-farthings.
In 1853 the Royal Mint was overwhelmed with producing silver and gold coins and so Ralph Heaton and Sons won their first contract to strike finished coins for Britain, these coins had no mintmark to identify them as from Birmingham.
In 1860 the firm bought a 1-acre plot on Icknield Street and constructed a three storey red brick factory. Completed in 1862 and employing 300 staff, it was at this time the largest private mint in the world.
From 1874 the Birmingham Mint began striking bronze pennies, halfpennies and farthings for the Royal Mint. This time though, the Birmingham Mint issues are distinguished by an H (for Heaton) mintmark below the date on the reverse. Victorian British coins bearing the H mintmark were produced in 1874, 1875, 1876, 1881 and 1882.
*Alex
1876H_Victoria_Penny.JPG
1876 "H" VICTORIA BRONZE "BUN HEAD" PENNY10 viewsObv: VICTORIA D:G: BRITT:REG:FID:DEF: "Bun head" bust of Queen Victoria with elderly features facing left.
Rev: ONE PENNY. Britannia seated facing right, her right hand resting on shield, her left holding a trident; in left background, a lighthouse and in right background, a ship; 1876, small H below, in exergue.
SPINK: 3955

Victoria's "bun head" portrait was designed by Leonard Charles Wyon (1826 - 1891), he was the eldest son of William Wyon, who had previously designed the "young head" portrait of the Queen. The letters L C WYON are incuse amongst the ornamentation of the Queen's dress.

On 1st April 1850 the auction was announced of equipment from the defunct Soho Mint, created by Matthew Boulton around 1788. At the auction, on 29th April, Ralph Heaton II bought Boulton's four steam-powered screw presses and six planchet presses for making blanks from strip metal. These were installed at Heaton's Bath Street works, and his Birmingham Mint began to strike trade tokens for use in Australia. In 1851 copper planchets were made for the Royal Mint to make into pennies, halfpennies, farthings, half-farthings and quarter-farthings.
In 1853 the Royal Mint was overwhelmed with producing silver and gold coins and so Ralph Heaton and Sons won their first contract to strike finished coins for Britain, these coins had no mintmark to identify them as from Birmingham.
In 1860 the firm bought a 1-acre plot on Icknield Street and constructed a three storey red brick factory. Completed in 1862 and employing 300 staff, it was at this time the largest private mint in the world.
From 1874 the Birmingham Mint began striking bronze pennies, halfpennies and farthings for the Royal Mint. This time though, the Birmingham Mint issues are distinguished by an H (for Heaton) mintmark below the date on the reverse. Victorian British coins bearing the H mintmark were produced in 1874, 1875, 1876, 1881 and 1882.
*Alex
1886_VICTORIA_FARTHING.JPG
1886 VICTORIA BRONZE "BUN HEAD" FARTHING30 viewsObverse: VICTORIA D:G: BRITT:REG:F:D: "Bun head" bust of Queen Victoria with elderly features facing left.
Reverse: FARTHING. Britannia seated facing right, her right hand resting on shield, her left holding a trident; in left background, a lighthouse and in right background, a ship; 1886 in exergue.
SPINK: 3958

Victoria's "bun head" portrait was designed by Leonard Charles Wyon (1826 - 1891), he was the eldest son of William Wyon, who had previously designed the "young head" portrait of the Queen. The letters L C WYON are incuse amongst the ornamentation of the Queen's dress.
From 1881 heraldic colouring was added to Britannia's shield on the reverse.
*Alex
Victoria_Penny_1891.JPG
1891 VICTORIA BRONZE "BUN HEAD" PENNY4 viewsObv: VICTORIA D:G: BRITT:REG:FID:DEF: "Bun head" bust of Queen Victoria with elderly features facing left.
Rev: ONE PENNY. Britannia seated facing right, her right hand resting on shield, her left holding a trident; in left background, a lighthouse and in right background, a ship; 1891 in exergue.
SPINK: 3954

Victoria's "bun head" portrait was designed by Leonard Charles Wyon (1826 - 1891), he was the eldest son of William Wyon, who had previously designed the "young head" portrait of the Queen. The letters L C WYON are incuse amongst the ornamentation of the Queen's dress.
From 1881 heraldic colouring was added to Britannia's shield on the reverse.
*Alex
1893_Victoria_Halfpenny.JPG
1893 VICTORIA BRONZE "BUN HEAD" HALFPENNY4 viewsObverse: VICTORIA D:G: BRITT:REG:F:D: "Bun head" bust of Queen Victoria with elderly features facing left.
Reverse: HALF PENNY. Britannia seated facing right, her right hand resting on shield, her left holding a trident; in left background, a lighthouse and in right background, a ship; 1893 in exergue.
Diameter 25mm
SPINK: 3956

Victoria's "bun head" portrait was designed by Leonard Charles Wyon (1826 - 1891), he was the eldest son of William Wyon, who had previously designed the "young head" portrait of the Queen. The letters L C WYON are incuse amongst the ornamentation of the Queen's dress.
From 1881 heraldic colouring was added to Britannia's shield on the reverse.
*Alex
19-Alex-Mesembria-P1055.jpg
19. Mesembria: Tetradrachm in the name of Alexander the Great.23 viewsTetradrachm, ca 175 - 125 BC, Mesembria mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΟΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. ΔΑ and Corinthian helmet to left, monogram under throne.
16.57 gm., 30 mm.
P. #1055; M. #472.
Callimachus
George_V_1927_Penny.JPG
1927 GEORGE V "Modified Large head" AE Penny6 viewsObverse: GEORGIVS V DEI GRA:BRITT:OMN:REX FID:DEF:IND:IMP: . Bare head of George V facing left.
Reverse: ONE PENNY. Britannia seated facing right, right hand resting on shield, left hand holding trident; 1927 in exergue. Some original mint lustre.
SPINK: 4054

George V's portrait was designed by Bertram Mackennal (1863 - 1931), this is marked by a small "BM" on the King's neck.

No pennies were struck from 1923 to 1925 while the mint made an effort to stop the ghosting which plagued the earlier George V penny issues. Ghosting is when the design from one side of a coin shows through on the opposite side, in this case it is the portrait's outline which can be seen on the reverse. The first attempt at a solution, in 1926, had been to alter the bronze alloy from 95% Copper, 4% tin and 1% Zinc to 95.5% Copper, 3% tin and 1.5% Zinc but this, coupled with modifications to the portrait, proved unsuccessful in addressing the ghosting problem. In 1927, in a further attempt to address the problems of ghosting, both the King's portrait on the obverse and Britannia on the reverse were modified so that the details were more clearly defined and struck in slightly lower relief. However, the ghosting problem was not completely resolved until 1928 when the portrait of the King was reduced in size.
*Alex
194_Septimius_Severus_Dupondius_RIC_680_1.jpg
194_Septimius_Severus_Dupondius_RIC_680_16 viewsSeptimius Severus (193 – 211 AD)
AE Dupondius, Rome, 194 – 195
L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP IIII;
Radiate head right
AFRICA, S-C;
Africa, in elephant-skin head-dress, standing right, holding corn-ears in fold of robe(?), lion at feet
10, 04 gr, 24 mm
RIC IVa, 680; BMC V, 523; C. 30
ga77
196_Julia_Domna_As_RIC_886_1.jpg
196_Julia_Domna_As_RIC_886_119 viewsJulia Domna (ca. 170 – 217 AD)
AE As/Dupondius, Rome, 196 – 209
IVLIA AVGVSTA;
Bust draped right, hair waved and coiled at back
PIETATI AVGVSTAE, SC in exergue;
Julia standing facing, between Geta and Caracalla, who hold a globe between them: Geta, togate, holds roll, Caracalla, laureate, in military dress, holds spear
14,09 gr, 26 mm
RIC IVa, 886; BMC V, 793; C. 159
Ex Roma, Auction IV, lot 2795
ga77
c6~0.jpg
1978 MANUEL AE HALF TETARTERON S-1978 DOC 21 CLBC 4.4.8 30 views
OBV Bust of Christ beardless and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion; holds scrolls in l. hand. Pellet in each limb of nimbus cross
.
REV Full length figure of emperor, bearded, wearing uncertain dress (stemma, short military tunic, breastplate and sagion?) holds in r. hand scepter cruciger and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 19mm
Weight 3.23gm

DOC lists 3 examples with weights ranging from 2.66 gm to 2.75 gm with sizes all 20mm

This coin differs from S-1981 not only by size but DOC notes a beard on Christ on S-1981 where as S-1978 is beardless , I however am finding that a difficult distinction to concur with, the beard on Christ can be a simple dot on his chin, however with this style of coins I am finding the lighter weight coins with perhaps a beard with one dot on chin in another example a series of dots making the beard, in these larger and heavier beards the dot on the chin is still there but not as distinct. Interesting to note that Hendy did not note a beard in his 1969 book but in his latter DOC works he does, the earlier catalogs such as Ratto do note a difference in the two styles because of the weight and beard.

This coin is a choice example Good Very Fine.
1 commentsSimon
c3.jpg
1978A MANUEL AE HALF TETARTERON S-1978 DOC 21 CLBC 4.4.8 32 viewsOBV Bust of Christ beardless and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion; holds scrolls in l. hand. Pellet in each limb of nimbus cross
.
REV Full length figure of emperor, bearded, wearing uncertain dress (stemma, short military tunic, breastplate and sagion?) holds in r. hand scepter cruciger and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 19.92mm

Weight 2.3 gm

This is a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron.The half tetartera at 1/1728 Hyperpyron. These coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in today’s marketplace.

DOC lists 3 examples with weights ranging from 2.66 gm to 2.75 gm with sizes all 20mm

This coin differs from S-1981 not only by size but DOC notes a beard on Christ on S-1981 where as S-1978 is beardless.
Simon
s-1978c.jpg
1978c MANUEL AE HALF TETARTERON S-1978 DOC 21 CLBC 4.4.8 25 viewsOBV Bust of Christ beardless and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion; holds scrolls in l. hand. Pellet in each limb of nimbus cross
.
REV Full length figure of emperor, bearded, wearing uncertain dress (stemma, short military tunic, breastplate and sagion?) holds in r. hand scepter cruciger and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 18.63mm
Weight 3.1gm

DOC lists 3 examples with weights ranging from 2.66 gm to 2.75 gm with sizes all 20mm

This coin differs from S-1981 not only by size but DOC notes a beard on Christ on S-1981 where as S-1978 is beardless , I however am finding that a difficult distinction to concur with, the beard on Christ can be a simple dot on his chin, however with this style of coins I am finding the lighter weight coins with perhaps a beard with one dot on chin in another example a series of dots making the beard, in these larger and heavier beards the dot on the chin is still there but not as distinct. Interesting to note that Hendy did not note a beard in his 1969 book but in his latter DOC works he does, the earlier catalogs such as Ratto do note a difference in the two styles because of the weight and beard.
Simon
rjb_carac8_01_09.jpg
19821 viewsCaracalla 198-217 AD
AE 22 mm
Metropolis in Ionia
Virtus standing left in military dress holding spear and resting on shield
BMC 7
2 commentsmauseus
j6~0.jpg
1981 MANUEL AE HALF TETARTERON S-1981 DOC 24 CLBC 4.4.12 11 views

OBV Bust of Christ bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion; holds scrolls in l. hand. Pellet in each limb of nimbus cross.

REV Full length figure of emperor, bearded, wearing uncertain dress (stemma, short military tunic, breastplate and sagion?) holds in r. hand scepter cruciger and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 17.8mm

Weight 2.0gm

This is a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron. The half tetartera at 1/1728 Hyperpyron.These coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in today’s marketplace.

DOC lists 19 examples with weights ranging from 1.28 gm to 2.75 gm with sizes from 16mm to 18mm.

Ex Forum Coin.
Simon
s1981brockc.jpg
1981A MANUEL AE HALF TETARTERON S-1981 DOC 24 CLBC 4.4.12 BROCKAGE 40 viewsOBV Bust of Christ bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion; holds scrolls in l. hand. Pellet in each limb of nimbus cross.

REV Full length figure of emperor, bearded, wearing uncertain dress (stemma, short military tunic, breastplate and sagion?) holds in r. hand scepter cruciger and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 17.37 mm

Weight 1.9 gm



DOC lists 19 examples with weights ranging from 1.28 gm to 2.75 gm with sizes from 16mm to 18mm.

Nice Brock age example, nice fill shows it off. Rare to find a brockage this nice.
Simon
1997-161-164_AurelianIoviConser-Forum.jpg
1997.161.16412 viewsSiscia, 4.00 g

Obverse: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG; Radiate, cuirassed, bust right.
Reverse: IOVI CON-SER; -/-//*Q; Emperor, in military dress, on left, standing right, holding short scepter in left, extending right hand to receive a globe from Jupiter, on right, standing left, extending globe in right hand, holding scepter in left.
Ref: RIC 225; RIC V,1 online, T-2220; LV 7036-7049; BnF XII.1, 1172-1173; (Autumn 272 – 273 – Early 274)
gordian_guy
1997-161-4_SesGordianRIC_306a-Forum.jpg
1997.161.4 Rome, RIC 306a10 viewsSestertius, 17.65 g

Obverse: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG; Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: P M TR P IIII COS II P P S C; Gordian, in military dress, standing right, holding transverse spear and globe.
Ref: RIC 306a [Fourth Issue]; C 245, 80 fr;
gordian_guy
PCrassusDenAmazon~0.jpg
1ab Marcus Licinius Crassus17 viewsFormed First Triumvirate with Caesar and Pompey in 60 BC, killed at Carrhae in Parthia in 53 BC.

Denarius, minted by son, P Licinius Crassus, ca 54 BC.
Bust of Venus, right, SC behind
Amazon with horse, P CRASSVS MF.

Seaby, Licinia 18

These coins were probably minted to pay Crassus' army for the invasion of Parthia, which led to its destruction. My synthesis of reviewing 90 examples of this issue revealed a female warrior wearing a soft felt Scythian cap with ear flaps; a fabric garment with a decorated skirt to the knees; probably trousers; an ornate war belt; a baldric; a cape, animal skin, or shoulder cord on attached to the left shoulder; and decorated calf-high boots. She matches the historically confirmed garb of the real amazons—Scythian horsewomen—and of course holds her steed. The horse’s tack is consistent with archeological discoveries of tack in use by Scythians and Romans.

Adrienne Mayor writes that amazon imagery on Greek vases suddenly appeared in 575-550 BC, initially depicting them in Greek-style armor. By the end of the century, as the Greeks learned more through direct and indirect contact with Scythians, they began to appear wearing archeologically confirmed Scythian-Sarmatian-Thracian patterned attire. (Adrienne Mayor, The Amazons: Lives and Legends of Warrior Women Across the Ancient World, Princeton, Princeton University Press, 2014, 199-200). To this, artists added their own creative ideas regarding colors, fabric patterns, and decorations. “They dressed the warrior women in body-hugging ‘unitards’ or tunics, short chitons or belted dresses, sometimes over leggings or trousers. . . . In paintings and sculpture, pointed or soft Scythian caps with earflaps or ties (kidaris) soon replaced the Greek helmets, and the women wear a variety of belts, baldrics (diagonal straps), corselets, shoulder cords or bands, and crisscrossing leather straps attached to belt loops like those worn by the archer huntress Artemis. . . . Amazon footgear included soft leather moccasin-like shoes, calf-high boots (endromides), or taller laced boots (embades) with scallops or flaps and lined with felt or fur.” (Mayor, 202)

The artists apparently had detailed knowledge of gear used by real Scythian horsewomen to equip their imagined Amazons. “Archeological discoveries of well-preserved sets of clothing confirm that real horsewomen of ancient Scythian lands dressed much as did those described in Greek texts and illustrated in Scythian and Greek artwork.” (Mayor, 203)
1 commentsBlindado
PCrassusDenAmazon2.jpg
1ab_2 Marcus Licinius Crassus34 viewsFormed First Triumvirate with Caesar and Pompey in 60 BC, killed at Carrhae in Parthia in 53 BC.

Denarius, minted by son, P Licinius Crassus, ca 54 BC.
Bust of Venus, right, SC behind
Amazon with horse, P CRASSVS MF.

Seaby, Licinia 18

These coins were probably minted to pay Crassus' army for the invasion of Parthia. My synthesis of reviewing 90 examples of this issue revealed a female warrior wearing a soft felt Scythian cap with ear flaps (visible in this example); a fabric garment with a decorated skirt to the knees; probably trousers; an ornate war belt; a baldric; a cape, animal skin, or shoulder cord on attached to the left shoulder; and decorated calf-high boots. She matches the historically confirmed garb of the real amazons—Scythian horsewomen—and of course holds her steed. The horse’s tack is consistent with archeological discoveries of tack in use by Scythians and Romans.

Adrienne Mayor writes that amazon imagery on Greek vases suddenly appeared in 575-550 BC, initially depicting them in Greek-style armor. By the end of the century, as the Greeks learned more through direct and indirect contact with Scythians, they began to appear wearing archeologically confirmed Scythian-Sarmatian-Thracian patterned attire. (Adrienne Mayor, The Amazons: Lives and Legends of Warrior Women Across the Ancient World, Princeton, Princeton University Press, 2014, 199-200). To this, artists added their own creative ideas regarding colors, fabric patterns, and decorations. “They dressed the warrior women in body-hugging ‘unitards’ or tunics, short chitons or belted dresses, sometimes over leggings or trousers. . . . In paintings and sculpture, pointed or soft Scythian caps with earflaps or ties (kidaris) soon replaced the Greek helmets, and the women wear a variety of belts, baldrics (diagonal straps), corselets, shoulder cords or bands, and crisscrossing leather straps attached to belt loops like those worn by the archer huntress Artemis. . . . Amazon footgear included soft leather moccasin-like shoes, calf-high boots (endromides), or taller laced boots (embades) with scallops or flaps and lined with felt or fur.” (Mayor, 202)
The artists apparently had detailed knowledge of gear used by real Scythian horsewomen to equip their imagined Amazons. “Archeological discoveries of well-preserved sets of clothing confirm that real horsewomen of ancient Scythian lands dressed much as did those described in Greek texts and illustrated in Scythian and Greek artwork.” (Mayor, 203)

Plutarch wrote of Crassus: People were wont to say that the many virtues of Crassus were darkened by the one vice of avarice, and indeed he seemed to have no other but that; for it being the most predominant, obscured others to which he was inclined. The arguments in proof of his avarice were the vastness of his estate, and the manner of raising it; for whereas at first he was not worth above three hundred talents, yet, though in the course of his political life he dedicated the tenth of all he had to Hercules, and feasted the people, and gave to every citizen corn enough to serve him three months, upon casting up his accounts, before he went upon his Parthian expedition, he found his possessions to amount to seven thousand one hundred talents; most of which, if we may scandal him with a truth, he got by fire and rapine, making his advantages of the public calamities. . . . Crassus, however, was very eager to be hospitable to strangers; he kept open house, and to his friends he would lend money without interest, but called it in precisely at the time; so that his kindness was often thought worse than the paying the interest would have been. His entertainments were, for the most part, plain and citizen-like, the company general and popular; good taste and kindness made them pleasanter than sumptuosity would have done. As for learning he chiefly cared for rhetoric, and what would be serviceable with large numbers; he became one of the best speakers at Rome, and by his pains and industry outdid the best natural orators. . . . Besides, the people were pleased with his courteous and unpretending salutations and greetings, for he never met any citizen however humble and low, but he returned him his salute by name. He was looked upon as a man well-read in history, and pretty well versed in Aristotle's philosophy. . . . Crassus was killed by a Parthian, called Pomaxathres; others say by a different man, and that Pomaxathres only cut off his head and right hand after he had fallen. But this is conjecture rather than certain knowledge, for those that were by had not leisure to observe particulars. . . .
1 commentsBlindado
PCrassusDenAmazon2~1.jpg
1ab_2 Marcus Licinius Crassus35 viewsFormed First Triumvirate with Caesar and Pompey in 60 BC, killed at Carrhae in Parthia in 53 BC.

Denarius, minted by son, P Licinius Crassus, ca 54 BC.
Bust of Venus, right, SC behind
Amazon with horse, P CRASSVS MF.

Seaby, Licinia 18

These coins were probably minted to pay Crassus' army for the invasion of Parthia, which led to its destruction. My synthesis of reviewing 90 examples of this issue revealed a female warrior wearing a soft felt Scythian cap with ear flaps (visible in this example); a fabric garment with a decorated skirt to the knees; probably trousers; an ornate war belt; a baldric; a cape, animal skin, or shoulder cord on attached to the left shoulder; and decorated calf-high boots. She matches the historically confirmed garb of the real amazons—Scythian horsewomen—and of course holds her steed. The horse’s tack is consistent with archeological discoveries of tack in use by Scythians and Romans.

Adrienne Mayor writes that amazon imagery on Greek vases suddenly appeared in 575-550 BC, initially depicting them in Greek-style armor. By the end of the century, as the Greeks learned more through direct and indirect contact with Scythians, they began to appear wearing archeologically confirmed Scythian-Sarmatian-Thracian patterned attire. (Adrienne Mayor, The Amazons: Lives and Legends of Warrior Women Across the Ancient World, Princeton, Princeton University Press, 2014, 199-200). To this, artists added their own creative ideas regarding colors, fabric patterns, and decorations. “They dressed the warrior women in body-hugging ‘unitards’ or tunics, short chitons or belted dresses, sometimes over leggings or trousers. . . . In paintings and sculpture, pointed or soft Scythian caps with earflaps or ties (kidaris) soon replaced the Greek helmets, and the women wear a variety of belts, baldrics (diagonal straps), corselets, shoulder cords or bands, and crisscrossing leather straps attached to belt loops like those worn by the archer huntress Artemis. . . . Amazon footgear included soft leather moccasin-like shoes, calf-high boots (endromides), or taller laced boots (embades) with scallops or flaps and lined with felt or fur.” (Mayor, 202)

The artists apparently had detailed knowledge of gear used by real Scythian horsewomen to equip their imagined Amazons. “Archeological discoveries of well-preserved sets of clothing confirm that real horsewomen of ancient Scythian lands dressed much as did those described in Greek texts and illustrated in Scythian and Greek artwork.” (Mayor, 203)
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PompeyDenNeptune.jpg
1ac1 Pompey the Great28 viewsFormed First Triumvirate with Caesar and Crassus in 60 BC. Murdered in Egypt, 48 BC.

Denarius, minted by son Sextus Pompey

42-40 BC

Head of Pompey the Great right between jug and lituus
Neptune right foot on prow, flanked by the Catanaean brothers, Anapias and Amphinomus, with their parents on their shoulders

Struck by Sextus Pompey after his victory over Salvidienus and relates to his acclamation as the Son of Neptune. Although Sextus Pompey was the supreme naval commander, Octavian had the Senate declare him a public enemy. He turned to piracy and came close to defeating Octavian. He was, however, defeated by Marcus Agrippa at the naval battle of Naulochus (3 September 36 B.C.). He was executed by order of Mark Antony in 35 B.C.

SRCV I 1392, RSC I Pompey the Great 17, Sydenham 1344, Crawford 511/3a, BM Sicily 93

Plutarch said of Pompey: In Pompey, there were many [causes] that helped to make him the object of [the Roman people's] love; his temperance, his skill and exercise in war, his eloquence of speech, integrity of mind, and affability in conversation and address; insomuch that no man ever asked a favour with less offence, or conferred one with a better grace. When he gave, it was without assumption; when he received, it was with dignity and honour.
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Cleopatra80DrachEagle.jpg
1ad Cleopatra VII55 views51-29 BC

Alexandria, 80 Drachmai

Diademed, draped bust, right, KLEOPATRAS BASILIS[SHS]
Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, cornucopia in left field, mark of value P (= 80) in right field

Svoronos 1871

Plutarch wrote: [Cleopatra] was to meet Antony in the time of life when women's beauty is most splendid, and their intellects are in full maturity. . . . She received several letters, both from Antony and from his friends, to summon her, but she took no account of these orders; and at last, as if in mockery of them, she came sailing up the river Cydnus, in a barge with gilded stern and outspread sails of purple, while oars of silver beat time to the music of flutes and fifes and harps. She herself lay all along under a canopy of cloth of gold, dressed as Venus in a picture, and beautiful young boys, like painted Cupids, stood on each side to fan her. Her maids were dressed like sea nymphs and graces, some steering at the rudder, some working at the ropes. The perfumes diffused themselves from the vessel to the shore, which was covered with multitudes, part following the galley up the river on either bank, part running out of the city to see the sight. The market-place was quite emptied, and Antony at last was left alone sitting upon the tribunal; while the word went through all the multitude, that Venus was come to feast with Bacchus, for the common good of Asia. On her arrival, Antony sent to invite her to supper. She thought it fitter he should come to her; so, willing to show his good-humour and courtesy, he complied, and went. . . . For her actual beauty, it is said, was not in itself so remarkable that none could be compared with her, or that no one could see her without being struck by it, but the contact of her presence, if you lived with her, was irresistible; the attraction of her person, joining with the charm of her conversation, and the character that attended all she said or did, was something bewitching. It was a pleasure merely to hear the sound of her voice, with which, like an instrument of many strings, she could pass from one language to another; so that there were few of the barbarian nations that she answered by an interpreter. . . .
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MarcAntDenOctavian.jpg
1ae Marc Antony and Octavian43 viewsFormed the Second Triumvirate, 43-33 BC, , along with Marcus Aemilius Lepidus. Antony killed himself in 30 BC.

Denarius
41 BC

Marc Antony portrait, right, M ANT IMP AVG III VIR RPCM BARBAT QP
Octavian portrait, right, CAESAR IMP PONT III VIR RPC

RSC 8

Plutarch described Antony thusly: Antony grew up a very beautiful youth, but by the worst of misfortunes, he fell into the acquaintance and friendship of Curio, a man abandoned to his pleasures, who, to make Antony's dependence upon him a matter of greater necessity, plunged him into a life of drinking and dissipation, and led him through a course of such extravagance that he ran, at that early age, into debt to the amount of two hundred and fifty talents. . . . He took most to what was called the Asiatic taste in speaking, which was then at its height, and was, in many ways, suitable to his ostentatious, vaunting temper, full of empty flourishes and unsteady efforts for glory. . . . He had also a very good and noble appearance; his beard was well grown, his forehead large, and his nose aquiline, giving him altogether a bold, masculine look that reminded people of the faces of Hercules in paintings and sculptures. It was, moreover, an ancient tradition, that the Antonys were descended from Hercules, by a son of his called Anton; and this opinion he thought to give credit to by the similarity of his person just mentioned, and also by the fashion of his dress. For, whenever he had to appear before large numbers, he wore his tunic girt low about the hips, a broadsword on his side, and over all a large coarse mantle. What might seem to some very insupportable, his vaunting, his raillery, his drinking in public, sitting down by the men as they were taking their food, and eating, as he stood, off the common soldiers' tables, made him the delight and pleasure of the army. In love affairs, also, he was very agreeable: he gained many friends by the assistance he gave them in theirs, and took other people's raillery upon his own with good-humour. And his generous ways, his open and lavish hand in gifts and favours to his friends and fellow-soldiers, did a great deal for him in his first advance to power, and after he had become great, long maintained his fortunes, when a thousand follies were hastening their overthrow.
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JuliusCaesarDenEleph.jpg
1af Julius Caesar Wages Civil War12 viewsJulius Caesar

Denarius
49-48 BC

Elephant right, trampling on serpent [probably], CAESAR in ex
Simpulum, sprinkler, axe and priest's hat

Evidently a military issue, no agreement exists on the meaning of the coin's imagery (see e.g. http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=88757.msg552803#msg552803)

Seaby 49

Given the chance that the coin was minted to pay Caesar's armies in the civil war, here is a description of the beginning, according to Suetonius: He then overtook his advanced guard at the River Rubicon, which formed the boundary between Gaul and Italy. There he paused for a while and, realising the magnitude of the step he was taking, turned to his staff, to remark: ‘We could turn back, even now; but once over that little bridge, and it will all come down to a fight.’ . . . As he stood there, undecided, he received a sign. A being of marvellous stature and beauty appeared suddenly, seated nearby, and playing on a reed pipe. A knot of shepherds gathered to listen, but when a crowd of his soldiers, including some of the trumpeters, broke ranks to join them, the apparition snatched a trumpet from one of them, ran to the river, and sounding the call to arms blew a thunderous blast, and crossed to the far side. At this, Caesar exclaimed: ‘Let us follow the summons, of the gods’ sign and our enemy’s injustice. The die is cast.’ And crossing with the army, he welcomed the tribunes of the people, who had fled to him from Rome. Then, in tears, he addressed the troops and, ripping open the breast of his tunic, asked for their loyalty.
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BrutusDenLictors.jpg
1ag Marcus Junius Brutus65 viewsTook his own life in 42 BC after being defeated at Philippi by Antony and Octavian

Denarius, issued as moneyer, 54 BC
Head of Liberty, right, LIBERTAS
Consul L. Junius Brutus between lictors, preceded by accensus, BRVTVS

Seaby, Junia 31

Plutarch wrote: Marcus Brutus was descended from that Junius Brutus to whom the ancient Romans erected a statue of brass in the capitol among the images of their kings with a drawn sword in his hand, in remembrance of his courage and resolution in expelling the Tarquins and destroying the monarchy. . . . But this Brutus, whose life we now write, having to the goodness of his disposition added the improvements of learning and the study of philosophy, and having stirred up his natural parts, of themselves grave and gentle, by applying himself to business and public affairs, seems to have been of a temper exactly framed for virtue; insomuch that they who were most his enemies upon account of his conspiracy against Caesar, if in that whole affair there was any honourable or generous part, referred it wholly to Brutus, and laid whatever was barbarous and cruel to the charge of Cassius, Brutus's connection and familiar friend, but not his equal in honesty and pureness of purpose. . . . In Latin, he had by exercise attained a sufficient skill to be able to make public addresses and to plead a cause; but in Greek, he must be noted for affecting the sententious and short Laconic way of speaking in sundry passages of his epistles. . . . And in all other things Brutus was partaker of Caesar's power as much as he desired: for he might, if he had pleased, have been the chief of all his friends, and had authority and command beyond them all, but Cassius and the company he met with him drew him off from Caesar. . . . Caesar snatching hold of the handle of the dagger, and crying out aloud in Latin, "Villain Casca, what do you?" he, calling in Greek to his brother, bade him come and help. And by this time, finding himself struck by a great many hands, and looking around about him to see if he could force his way out, when he saw Brutus with his dagger drawn against him, he let go Casca's hand, that he had hold of and covering his head with his robe, gave up his body to their blows.
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CaligulaAsVesta.jpg
1ao Caligula30 views37-41

As
Bare head, left, C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT
Vesta std, VESTA SC

RIC 38

The son of Germanicus, modern research suggests, was not as bad a ruler as history generally supposes, but the winners write the history, and Caligula had the dubious honor of being the first loser to die in the purple at the hand of assassins.

Suetonius recorded: Gaius Caesar (Caligula) was born on the 31st of August AD12, in the consulship of his father, Germanicus, and Gaius Fonteius Capito. The sources disagree as to his place of birth. Gnaeus Lentulus Gaetulicus claims it was Tibur (Tivoli), Pliny the Elder, says it was among the Treveri in the village of Ambitarvium, above Confluentes (the site of Koblenz) at the junction of the Moselle and Rhine. . . . His surname Caligula (‘Little Boot’) was bestowed on him affectionately by the troops because he was brought up amongst them, dressed in soldier’s gear.

Caligula accompanied his father, Germanicus, to Syria (in AD 19). On his return, he lived with his mother, Agrippina the Elder until she was exiled (in 29 AD), and then with his great-grandmother Livia. When Livia died (in 29 AD), he gave her eulogy from the rostra even though he was not of age. He was then cared for by his grandmother Antonia the Younger, until at the age of eighteen Tiberius summoned him to Capreae (Capri, in AD 31). On that day he assumed his gown of manhood and shaved off his first beard, but without the ceremony that had attended his brothers’ coming of age.

On Capraea, though every trick was tried to lure him, or force him, into making complaints against Tiberius, he ignored all provocation, . . . behaving so obsequiously to his adoptive grandfather, Tiberius, and the entire household, that the quip made regarding him was well borne out, that there was never a better slave or a worse master.

Even in those days, his cruel and vicious character was beyond his control, and he was an eager spectator of torture and executions meted out in punishment. At night, disguised in wig and long robe, he abandoned himself to gluttony and adulterous behaviour. He was passionately devoted it seems to the theatrical arts, to dancing and singing, a taste in him which Tiberius willingly fostered, in the hope of civilizing his savage propensities.

And came near to assuming a royal diadem at once, turning the semblance of a principate into an absolute monarchy. Indeed, advised by this that he outranked princes and kings, he began thereafter to claim divine power, sending to Greece for the most sacred or beautiful statues of the gods, including the Jupiter of Olympia, so that the heads could be exchanged for his own. He then extended the Palace as far as the Forum, making the Temple of Castor and Pollux its vestibule, and would often present himself to the populace there, standing between the statues of the divine brothers, to be worshipped by whoever appeared, some hailing him as ‘Jupiter Latiaris’. He also set up a special shrine to himself as god, with priests, the choicest sacrificial victims, and a life-sized golden statue of himself, which was dressed each day in clothes of identical design to those he chose to wear.

He habitually committed incest with each of his three sisters, seating them in turn below him at large banquets while his wife reclined above. . . . His preferred method of execution was by the infliction of many slight wounds, and his order, issued as a matter of routine, became notorious: ‘Cut him so he knows he is dying.’
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CaligulaAE27Caesonia.jpg
1ao2 Caesonia (?)19 viewsAE 27 of Carthago Nova, Spain

Laureate head of Caligula, right, C CAESAR AVG GERMANIS
Draped bust of Caesonia (as Salus) right, DN ATEL FLAC CN POM FLAC II VIR Q V I N C, SAL AVG across field

Generally held to portray the fourth wife of Caligula.

Sear 624

Caesonia, Milonia, (d41AD) was the fourth and last wife of Caligula. Her younger half-brother was the Consul Gnaeus Domitius Corbulo. Her niece, Domitia Longina, married Domitian. In 41, Caligula was assassinated and Caesonia and her daughter Julia Drusilla murdered.

Suetonius states: As for Caesonia, who was neither young nor beautiful, had three daughters by another man, and was wildly promiscuous and extravagant, he not only loved her more passionately for it, but also more faithfully, taking her out riding, and showing her to the soldiers, dressed in a cloak with helmet and shield: while he exhibited her to his friends stark naked. He did not honour her with the title of wife until she had given him a child, announcing his paternity and the marriage on the very same day. This child, whom he named Julia Drusilla, he carried round all the temples of the goddesses, before finally entrusting her to Minerva’s lap, calling on that goddess to nurture and educate his daughter. Nothing persuaded him more clearly that she was his own issue than her violent temper, which was so savage the infant would tear at the faces and eyes of her little playmates. . . .

And as [Caligula] kissed the neck of wife or sweetheart, he never failed to say: ‘This lovely thing will be slit whenever I say.’ Now and then he even threatened his dear Caesonia with torture, if that was the only way of discovering why he was so enamoured of her. . . . Some think that Caesonia his wife administered a love potion that had instead the effect of driving him mad.
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NeroAsGenAug.jpg
1ar Nero52 views54-68

As

Bare head, right, IMP NERO CAESAR AVG P MAX TR P P P
Genius, GENIO AVGVSTI

RIC 86

Suetonius wrote: Nero was born nine months after the death of Tiberius, at Antium, at sunrise on the 15th of December (AD 37). . . . While he was still a young stripling he took part in a successful performance of the Troy Game in the Circus, in which he exhibited great self-possession. At the age of twelve or so (sometime in AD 50), he was adopted by Claudius, who appointed Annaeus Seneca, already a member of the Senate, as his tutor. The following night, it is said, Seneca dreamed that his young charge was really Caligula, and Nero soon proved the dream prophetic by seizing the first opportunity to reveal his cruel disposition. . . . After Claudius’s death (AD 54) had been announced publicly, Nero, who was not quite seventeen years old, decided to address the Guards in the late afternoon, since inauspicious omens that day had ruled out an earlier appearance. After being acclaimed Emperor on the Palace steps, he was carried in a litter to the Praetorian Camp where he spoke to the Guards, and then to the House where he stayed until evening. He refused only one of the many honours that were heaped upon him, that of ‘Father of the Country’, and declined that simply on account of his youth.

Eutropius summarized: To him succeeded NERO, who greatly resembled his uncle Caligula, and both disgraced and weakened the Roman empire; he indulged in such extraordinary luxury and extravagance, that, after the example of Caius Caligula, he even bathed in hot and cold perfumes, and fished with golden nets, which he drew up with cords of purple silk. He put to death a very great number of the senate. To all good men he was an enemy. At last he exposed himself in so disgraceful a manner, that he danced and sung upon the stage in the dress of a harp-player and tragedian. He was guilty of many murders, his brother, wife, and mother, being put to death by him. He set on fire the city of Rome, that he might enjoy the sight of a spectacle such as Troy formerly presented when taken and burned.

In military affairs he attempted nothing. Britain he almost lost; for two of its most noble towns4 were taken and levelled to the ground under his reign. The Parthians took from him Armenia, and compelled the Roman legions to pass under the yoke. Two provinces however were formed under him; Pontus Polemoniacus, by the concession of King Polemon; and the Cottian Alps, on the death of King Cottius.

15 When, having become detestable by such conduct to the city of Rome, and being deserted at the same time by every one, and declared an enemy by the senate, he was sought for to be led to punishment (the punishment being, that he should be dragged naked through the streets, with a fork placed under his head,5 be beaten to death with rods, and then hurled from the Tarpeian rock), he fled from the palace, and killed himself in a suburban villa of one of his freed-men, between the Salarian and Nomentane roads, at the fourth milestone from the city. He built those hot baths at Rome, which were formerly called the Neronian, but now the Alexandrian. He died in the thirty-second year of his age, and the fourteenth year of his reign; and in him all the family of Augustus became extinct.

Having successfully dispatched his scheming mother Agrippina in 59 and survived a decade on the throne, Nero must have felt like a genius when this was minted ca 64 AD!
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AeliusAsAnnona.jpg
1bg Aelius29 viewsCaesar, 136-138

As

Bare head, right, AELIVS CAESAR
Pannonia standing and holding a standard, PANNONIA SC

RIC 1071

According to the Historia Augusta (note: scholars view this biography in the text as among those particularly suspect regarding veracity): Aelius Verus was adopted by Hadrian at the time when, as we have previously said, the Emperor's health was beginning to fail and he was forced to take thought for the succession. He was at once made praetor and appointed military and civil governor of the provinces of Pannonia ; afterwards he was created [in AD 136] consul, and then, because he had been chosen to succeed to the imperial power, he was named for a second consulship. . . . [I]n the province to which he had been appointed he was by no means a failure ; for he carried on a campaign with
success, or rather, with good fortune, and achieved the reputation, if not of a pre-eminent, at least of an
average, commander.

Verus had, however, such wretched health that Hadrian immediately regretted the adoption, and since he often considered others as possible successors, he might have removed him altogether from the imperial family had Verus chanced to live longer. . . .

Verus was a man of joyous life and well versed in letters, and he was endeared to Hadrian, as the malicious say, rather by his beauty than by his character. In the palace his stay was but a short one; in his private life, though there was little to be commended, yet there was little to be blamed. Furthermore, he was considerate of his family, well-dressed, elegant in appearance, a man of regal beauty, with a countenance that commanded respect, a speaker of unusual eloquence, deft at writing verse, and, moreover, not altogether a failure in public life.

This sad little flan looks a bit tubercular, like the subject of the portrait.
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TacitusAntMars.jpg
1dm Tacitus28 views275-276

AE antoninianus

Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust, right, IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG
Mars stg, MARTI PACIF

RIC 145

A rare emperor nominated by the Senate after the death of the widely revered Aurelianus.

Zonaras recorded: Tacitus, an elderly man, succeeded him. For it is written that he was seventy-five years old when he was chosen for monarchy. The army recognized him, though he was absent, for he was then residing in Campania. When he received the decision there, he entered Rome in private dress and, with the consent of the Senate and the People, donned the imperial garb.

The Scythians, having crossed Lake Maeotis and the Phasis River, attacked Pontus, Cappadocia, Galatia, and Cilicia. Tacitus, who had joined battle with them, and Florianus, who was prefect, slew many, and the remainder sought safety in flight. Tacitus appointed Maximinus, one of his kinsmen, as governor of Syria. But, when he behaved badly in his office, he was killed by his soldiers. Those who had killed him, frightened that the emperor would not leave them unpunished, set out after him too and killed him, not yet seven months after he had assumed sovereignty, but according to some not quite two years.

Zosimus, however, recorded, "Upon [Aurelianus'] death the empire fell into the hands of Tacitus, in whose time the Scythians crossed the Palus Maeotis, and made incursions through Pontus even into Cilicia, until he opposed them. Partly in person, and partly by Florianus, prefect of the court, whom he left in commission for that purpose, this emperor completely routed and destroyed them. He himself was going into Europe, but was thus circumvented and killed. He had committed the government of Syria to his cousin Maximinus, who treated the nobility of that country with such austerity, that he caused them both to hate and fear him. Their hatred became so excessive, that at length conspiring with the murderers of Aurelianus, they assaulted Maximinus, and having killed him, fell on and slew Tacitus also as he was upon his departure."
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DiocletianAntConcordMil.jpg
1ds Diocletian13 views284-305

AE antoninianus

Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust, right, IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG
Zeus and Diocletian, CONCORDIA MILITVM

RIC 284B

According to the Historia Augusta, after the death of Numerian: Then a huge assembly was held and a tribunal, too, was constructed. And when the question was asked who would be the most lawful avenger of Numerian and who could be given to the commonwealth as a good emperor, then all, with a heaven-sent unanimity, conferred the title of Augustus on Diocletian. . . . He was at this time in command of the household-troops, an outstanding man and wise, devoted to the commonwealth, devoted to his kindred, duly prepared to face whatever the occasion demanded, forming plans that were always deep though sometimes over-bold, and one who could by prudence and exceeding firmness hold in check the impulses of a restless spirit. This man, then, having ascended the tribunal was hailed as Augustus, and when someone asked how Numerian had been slain, he drew his sword and pointing to Aper, the prefect of the guard, he drove it through him, saying as he did so, "It is he who contrived Numerian's death.''

Eutropius summarized a long and important reign: DIOCLETIAN, a native of Dalmatia, [was] of such extremely obscure birth, that he is said by most writers to have been the son of a clerk, but by some to have been a freedman of a senator named Anulinus. . . . He soon after overthrew Carinus, who was living under the utmost hatred and detestation, in a great battle at Margum, Carinus being betrayed by his own troops, for though he had a greater number of men than the enemy, he was altogether abandoned by them between Viminacium and mount Aureus. He thus became master of the Roman empire; and when the peasants in Gaul made an insurrection, giving their faction the name of Bagaudae, and having for leaders Amandus and Aelianus, he despatched Maximian Herculius, with the authority of Caesar, to suppress them. Maximian, in a few battles of little importance, subdued the rustic multitude, and restored peace to Gaul. . . .

Diocletian promoted MAXIMIAN HERCULIUS from the dignity of Caesar to that of emperor, and created Constantius and Maximian Galerius Caesars, of whom Constantius is said to have been the grand-nephew of Claudius by a daughter, and Maximian Galerius to have been born in Dacia not far from Sardica. That he might also unite them by affinity, Constantius married Theodora the step-daughter of Herculius, by whom he had afterwards six children, brothers to Constantine; while Galerius married Valeria, the daughter of Diocletian; both being obliged to divorce the wives that they had before. . . .

Diocletian, meanwhile, besieging Achilleus in Alexandria, obliged him to surrender about eight months after, and put him to death. He used his victory, indeed, cruelly, and distressed all Egypt with severe proscriptions and massacres. Yet at the same time he made many judicious arrangements and regulations, which continue to our own days. . . .

Diocletian was of a crafty disposition, with much sagacity, and keen penetration. He was willing to gratify his own disposition to cruelty in such a way as to throw the odium upon others; he was however a very active and able prince. He was the first that introduced into the Roman empire a ceremony suited rather to royal usages than to Roman liberty, giving orders that he should be adored, whereas all emperors before him were only saluted. He put ornaments of precious stones on his dress and shoes, when the imperial distinction had previously been only in the purple robe, the rest of the habit being the same as that of other men. . . .

But when Diocletian, as age bore heavily upon him, felt himself unable to sustain the government of the empire, he suggested to Herculius that they should both retire into private life, and commit the duty of upholding the state to more vigorous and youthful hands. With this suggestion his colleague reluctantly complied. Both of them, in the same day, exchanged the robe of empire for an ordinary dress, Diocletian at Nicomedia, Herculius at Milan, soon after a magnificent triumph which they celebrated at Rome over several nations, with a noble succession of pictures, and in which the wives, sisters, and children of Narseus were led before their chariots. The one then retired to Salonae, and the other into Lucania.

Diocletian lived to an old age in a private station, at a villa which is not far from Salonae, in honourable retirement, exercising extraordinary philosophy, inasmuch as he alone of all men, since the foundation of the Roman empire, voluntarily returned from so high a dignity to the condition of private life, and to an equality with the other citizens. That happened to him, therefore, which had happened to no one since men were created, that, though he died in a private condition, he was enrolled among the gods.
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MaximianusFollisGenio.jpg
1dt Maximianus22 views286-305, 306-308, 310

Quarter Follis

Laureate head, right, IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG
Genius standing left, with modius on head, cornucopia & patera, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, SIS in exergue

RIC 146

Eutropius records: [Diocletian] thus became master of the Roman empire; and when the peasants in Gaul made an insurrection, giving their faction the name of Bagaudae, and having for leaders Amandus and Aelianus, he despatched Maximian Herculius, with the authority of Caesar, to suppress them. Maximian, in a few battles of little importance, subdued the rustic multitude, and restored peace to Gaul. . . . While disorder thus prevailed throughout the world, while Carausius was taking arms in Britain and Achilleus in Egypt, while the Quinquegentiani were harassing Africa, and Narseus was making war upon the east, Diocletian promoted MAXIMIAN HERCULIUS from the dignity of Caesar to that "of emperor, and created Constantius and Maximian Galerius Caesars. . . .

Maximian the emperor, brought the war to an end in Africa, by subduing the Quinquegentiani, and compelling them to make peace. . . .

Herculius was undisguisedly cruel, and of a violent temper, and showed his severity of disposition in the sternness of his looks. Gratifying his own inclination, he joined with Diocletian in even the most cruel of his proceedings. But when Diocletian, as age bore heavily upon him, felt himself unable to sustain the government of the empire, he suggested to Herculius that they should both retire into private life, and commit the duty of upholding the state to more vigorous and youthful hands. With this suggestion his colleague reluctantly complied. Both of them, in the same day, exchanged the robe of empire for an ordinary dress, Diocletian at Nicomedia, Herculius at Milan, soon after a magnificent triumph which they celebrated at Rome over several nations, with a noble succession of pictures, and in which the wives, sisters, and children of Narseus were led before their chariots. The one then retired to Salonae, and the other into Lucania.

But after the death of Constantius, CONSTANTINE, his son by a wife of obscure birth, was made emperor in Britain, and succeeded his father as a most desirable ruler. In the meantime the praetorian guards at Rome, having risen in insurrection, declared MAXENTIUS, the son of Maximian Herculius, who lived in the Villa Publica not far from the city, emperor. At the news of this proceeding, Maximian, filled with hopes of regaining the imperial dignity, which he had not willingly resigned, hurried to Rome from Lucania. . . , and stimulated Diocletian by letters to resume the authority that he had laid down, letters which Diocletian utterly disregarded. Severus Caesar, being despatched to Rome by Galerius to suppress the rising of the guards and Maxentius, arrived there with his army, but, as he was laying siege to the city, was deserted through the treachery of his soldiers.

The power of Maxentius was thus increased, and his government established. Severus, taking to flight, was killed at Ravenna. Maximian Herculius, attempting afterwards, in an assembly of the army, to divest his son Maxentius of his power, met with nothing but mutiny and reproaches from the soldiery. He then set out for Gaul, on a planned stratagem, as if he had been driven away by his son, that he might join his son-in-law Constantine, designing, however, if he could find an opportunity, to cut off Constantine, who was ruling in Gaul with great approbation both of the soldiers and the people of the province, having overthrown the Franks and Alemanni with great slaughter, and captured their kings, whom, on exhibiting a magnificent show of games, he exposed to wild beasts. But the plot being made known by Maximian's daughter Fausta, who communicated the design to her husband, Maximian was cut off at Marseilles, whence he was preparing to sail to join his son, and died a well-deserved death. . . .
Blindado
Nepotianus_VRBS_ROMA_AE_24.jpg
1el Nepotianus27 viewsJune 351

Centenionalis

Laurel & rosette-diademed, draped & cuirassed bust, right, FL NEP CONSTANTINVS AVG
Roma seated holding victory VRBS ROMA

RIC 202

He seized power in Rome after the death of Constans but was killed by troops of Magnentius after 28 days. Zosimus recorded, "While he was forming these resolutions, and was very intent on warlike preparations, Magnentius still remaining in Gallia Celtica, Nepotianus, nephew to Constantius, by his sister Eutropia, collected a band of persons addicted to robbery and all kinds of debauchery, with whom he came to Rome, and appeared in an imperial dress. Anicetius, whom Magnentius had made prefect of the court, armed some of the common people, and led them out of the city to engage with Nepotianus. A sharp conflict ensued between them. The Romans being undisciplined, and observing no order, were easily routed; and when the prefect saw them fly, he shut the gates, for fear the enemy should follow them into the city. The troops of Nepotianus pursued them, and as they had no way of escape, killed every man. In a few days after, Magnentius sent an army under the command of Marcellinus, and Nepotianus was put to death."
Blindado
ConsGallCentConcMil.jpg
1em Constantius Gallus23 viewsCaesar 351-354

Centenionalis

Bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right, A behind head, D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C
Emperor, diademed and in military dress, standing facing, head left, holding standard with chi-rho banner in each hand. Star above. Left field: III. CONCORDIA MILITVM. Mintmark: star SIRM.

RIC 22

Zosimus noted: Constantius, having so well succeeded in his design against Vetranio, marched against Magnentius, having first conferred the title of Caesar on Gallus, the son of his uncle, and brother to Julian who was afterwards emperor, and given him in marriage his sister Constantia; either in order that he might oppose the Persians, or as seems more probable, that he might have an opportunity of taking him off. He and his brothers were the only remaining persons of the family whom Constantius had not put to death, as I have related. When he had clothed Gallus with the Caesarean robe, and appointed Lucilianus general in the Persian war, he marched towards Magnentius with his own troops and those of Vetranio in one body. Constantius II had him tried and put to death for misrule of the East as Caesar. . . . The state-informers, with which such men are usually surrounded, and which are designed for the ruin of those that are in prosperity, were augmented. These sycophants, when they attempted to effect the downfal of a noble in hopes of sharing his wealth or honours, contrived some false accusation against him. This was the practice in the time of Constantius. Spies of this description, who made the eunuchs of the court their accomplices, flocked about Constantius, and persuaded him that his cousin german Gallus, who was a Caesar, was not satisfied with that honour, but wished to be emperor. They so far convinced him of the truth of this charge, that they made him resolve upon the destruction of Gallus. The contrivers of this design were Dynamius and Picentius, men of obscure condition, who endeavoured to raise themselves by such evil practises. Lampadius also, the Prefect of the court, was in the conspiracy, being a person who wished to engross more of the emperor's favour than any other. Constantius listened to those false insinuations, and Gallus was sent for, knowing nothing of what was intended against him. As soon as he arrived, Constantius first degraded him from the dignity of Caesar, and, having reduced him to private station, delivered him to the public executioners to be put to death.
Blindado
ValentinianAE3GlorRom.jpg
1ep Valentinian22 views364-375

AE3

Pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right , D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG
Emperor in military dress, advancing right, head left, holding labarum, dragging captive behind him. No fieldmarks. Mintmark: dot GSISC, GLORIA ROMANORVM

RIC 5a

According to Zosimus: Several discussions were held among the soldiers and their officers, and various persons were nominated. At length Sallustius, the prefect of the court, was unanimously elected. He excused himself on the pretext of his advanced age, which disabled him from being of service in the present critical circumstances. They then desired that his son might be emperor in lieu of himself. But his son he told them was too young, and from that as well as other causes unable to sustain the weight of an imperial diadem. They thus failed in their wish to appoint so distinguished a person, who was the most worthy of the age. They therefore elected Valentinian, a native of Cibalis in Pannonia. He was an excellent soldier, but extremely illiterate. They sent for him, he being then at some distance: and the state was not long without a ruler. Upon his arrival at the army, at Nicaea in Bithynia, he assumed the imperial authority, and proceeded forward. . . .

I have now to state, that while Valentinian was on his journey towards Constantinople, he was seized with a distemper, which increased his natural choleric temper to a degree of cruelty, and even to madness, so that he falsely suspected his sickness to proceed from some charm or poison which Julian's friends had prepared for him through malice. Accusations to that effect were drawn up against some distinguished persons, which were set aside by the discretion of Sallustius, who still was prefect of the court. After his distemper abated, he proceeded from Nicaea to Constantinople. The army and his friends in that city advised him to choose an associate in the empire, that if occasion should require, he might have some one to assist him, and prevent their again suffering as at the death of Julian. He complied with their advice, and after consideration, selected his brother Valens, whom he thought most likely to prove faithful to him. He declared him associate in the empire. . . . Affairs being thus disposed, Valentinian deemed it most prudent to place the east as far as Egypt, Bithynia, and Thrace, under the care of his brother, and to take charge of Illyricum himself. From thence he designed to proceed to Italy, and to retain in his own possession all the cities in that country, and the countries beyond the Alps, with Spain, Britain, and Africa. The empire being thus divided, Valentinian began to govern more rigorously, correcting the faults of the magistrates. He was very severe in the collection of the imposts, and particularly in observing that the soldiers were duly paid. . . .

Meantime the Barbarians beyond the Rhine, who while Julian lived held the Roman name in terror, and were contented to remain quiet in their own territories, as soon as they heard of his death, immediately marched out of their own country, and prepared for a war with the Romans. Valentinian. on bring informed of this, made a proper disposition of his forces, and placed suitable garrisons in all the towns along the Rhine. Valentinian was enabled to make these arrangements by his experience in military affairs. . . . [T] he emperor Valentinian, having favourably disposed the affairs of Germany, made provisions for the future security of the Celtic nations. . . . Valentinian was now attacked by a disease which nearly cost him his life. Upon his recovery the countries requested him to appoint a successor, lest at his decease the commonwealth should be in danger. To this the emperor consented, and declared his son Gratian emperor and his associate in the government, although he was then very young, and not yet capable of the management of affairs. . . .

Valentinian, thinking he had sufficiently secured himself from a German war, acted towards his subjects with great severity, exacting from them exorbitant tributes, such as they had never before paid; under pretence that the military expenditure compelled him to have recourse to the public. Having thus acquired universal hatred, he became still more severe; nor would he enquire into the conduct of the magistrates, but was envious of all whe had the reputation of leading a blameless life. . . . For this cause, the Africans, who could not endure the excessive avarice of the person who held the military command in Mauritania, gave the purple robe to Firmus, and proclaimed him emperor. This doubtless gave much uneasiness to Valentinian, who immediately commanded some legions from the stations in Pannonia and Moesia, to embark for Africa. On this the Sarmatians and the Quadi, who had long entertained a hatred for Celestius, the governor of those countries, availing themselves, of the opportunity afforded by the departure of the legions for Africa, invaded the Pannonians and Moesians. . . . .

Valentinian, roused by the intelligence of these events, marched from Celtica into Illyricum, for the purpose of opposing the Quadi and the Sarmatians, and consigned the command of his forces to Merobaudes, who was a person of the greatest military experience. The winter continuing unusually late, the Quadi sent ambassadors to him with insolent and unbecoming messages. These so exasperated the emperor, that through the violence of his rage, the blood flowed from his head into his mouth, and suffocated him. He thus died after having resided in Illyricum nearly nine months, and after a reign of twelve years.
Blindado
IMG_2417.JPG
2 Constans29 viewsConstans
A.D. 348- 350
20mm 4.5gm
DN CONSTA-NS P F AVG; pearl-diadem, draped, cuirassed bust left with globe in hand.
FEL TEMP REPARATIO; Emperor bare headed and in military dress standing, holding standard with Chi-Rho on banner in his right hand, resting left hand on shield. Two bound captives standing to the left.
In ex. ESIS
RIC VIII Siscia 224
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_4427.jpg
2 Constantius II37 views DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left holding globe / FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, Emperor in military dress standing left with labarum, two captives before, leaning left in left field. Γ in left field. Mintmark CONSZ star. RIC VIII Constantinople 89.4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
009~1.JPG
2 Constantius II52 viewsConstantius II AE2. D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, laureate, rosette-diademed, draped & cuirassed bust left, holding globe / FEL TEMP REPARATIO, emperor bare headed & in military dress standing, holding labarum in his right hand, resting left hand on shield, two bound captives in Phrygian helmets kneeling, facing each other before him, ALEA in ex. Alexandria
RIC VIII 55

better pic
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_2776.JPG
2 Constantius II62 viewsConstantius II
A.D. 348- 350
20x23mm 4.5gm

DN CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diadem, draped, cuirassed, globe in hand.

FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, Emperor bare headed and in military dress standing, holding standard with cross on banner in his right hand, resting left hand on shield. Two bound captives standing to the left before him; ✶in left field.
In ex. SMKE

RIC VIII Cyzicus 84
6 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_2944.JPG
2 Constantius II9 viewsConstantius II AE3. D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, globe in hand / FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, emperor bare headed and in military dress standing, holding standard with chi-rho on banner in his right hand, resting left hand on shield, two bound captives wearing Phrygian helmets kneeling, leaning to the left before him, star in left field. Mintmark SMNA

Nicomedia
RIC VIII 71
Randygeki(h2)
IMG_4187.jpg
2 Constantius II49 viewsConstantius II AE2. D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, laureate, rosette-diademed, draped & cuirassed bust left, holding globe / FEL TEMP REPARATIO, emperor bare headed & in military dress standing, holding labarum in his right hand, resting left hand on shield, two bound captives in Phrygian helmets kneeling, facing each other before him, ALEB in ex. Alexandria
RIC VIII 55
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
scipio_mett_den.jpg
2) The Pompeians: Scipio Metellus Pius34 viewsQ. Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio, Imperator
AR Denarius.
Military mint in Africa, legate Eppius, 47-46 BC.

Q METELL SCIPIO IMP, laureate head of Africa right in elephant skin headdress, grain ear before, plow below / EPPIVS LEG F C, Hercules standing facing, naked, hand on hip, leaning on club set on a rock.

Cr461/1, Syd 1051, Caecilia 50.
RM0040
2 commentsSosius
20-Alex-Odessus-P1181.jpg
20. Odessus: Tetradrachm in the name of Alexander the Great.44 viewsTetradrachm, ca 125 - 70 BC, Odessus mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΟΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. ΘΕ at left, monogram under throne.
16.36 gm., 34 mm.
P. #1181; M. #419.
1 commentsCallimachus
2014-058-1_ProbusVirtusAugusti-Forum.jpg
2014.058.122 viewsRome, 4.71 g

Obverse: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG; Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: VIRTVS AVGVSTI; RB in exegue; Emperor, in military dress, standing left, spear in right hand, crowning trophy on left, captive on left seated left, looking back.
Ref: cf RIC 243 [Bust type not listed]; Pink V1/1, pg 55, 2nd emission, 277 AD
gordian_guy
2014-084-2_AurelianSerdicaSoliInvictoMedusa-Forum.jpg
2014.084.252 viewsSerdica, 4.31 g; 12h

Obverse: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG; Radiate, cuirassed, bust right; breastplate decorated with head of Medusa.
Reverse: SOLI - I-NVICTO; -/-//XXI•T •; Sol, nude, but for chlamys wrapped around shoulders and left arm, trailing behind, walking left, right hand raised, left holding whip, on each side bound captives, in oriental dress, seated back to back; captive on right looking back to left.
Ref: cf RIC 311 for type but different obverse inscription; BnF pg. 398; RIC V,1 online T-2715; Emission 7 (April-November 274)
Notes: This obverse die is a match to RIC V,1 online T-2723 Medusa-head example.
3 commentsgordian_guy
severus_RIC254.jpg
202-210 AD - SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS denarius53 viewsobv: SEVERVS PIVS AVG (laureate head right)
rev: AFRICA (Africa, wearing elephant-skin head-dress, reclining left with scorpion & cornucopiae; basket of corn-ears before)
ref: RIC IVi 254, RSC 31 (3frcs)
mint: Rome
2.67gms, 19mm
Scarce

This type was minted to mark the visit of Severus to Africa in 207 AD.
The coin has nice black patina, in reverse scratching, though the patina is good: throw a glance at the pattern of corn-ears or the tail of scorpion.
2 commentsberserker
coin228.JPG
202b. Geta84 viewsGeta, as Caesar,

Publius Septimius Geta was the younger son of the emperor Septimius Severus. Geta's rivalry with his older brother, Caracalla, culminated in Geta's murder less than a year after Severus' death. Tradition soon idealized this victim of fratricide as a gentle prince taken by treachery far too soon. Critics of Caracalla looked back wistfully at the murdered prince, who came to be described as a lamb devoured by his ferocious, lion-like brother. The little reliable evidence about Geta's personality does not seem to support the idealized picture of a gentle prince, but the shocking nature of his death at the instigation of his brother transformed Geta's life into legend.

Denarius. P SEPT GETA CAES PONT, draped bust right / PRINC IVVENTVTIS, Geta, in military dress, standing left with baton & scepter, trophy behind. RIC 18, RSC 157
ecoli
coins13.JPG
205. Severus Alexander; Antioch, Syria;14 viewsAntioch, Syria, Severus Alexander

Tyche of Antioch seated l on rock, wearing chiton, peplos and turreted head dress; in r hand ears of corn; l hand rests on rock, with orontes at feet swimming; above, ram running l.looking r
ecoli
caracalla_RIC96.jpg
207 AD - CARACALLA denarius23 viewsobv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG (laureate head right)
rev: PONTIF TRP X COS II (Caracalla in military dress standing front, head right, holding spear and parazonium; to left river good, to right 2 reclining figure)
ref: RIC IVi 96 (S), RSC 441 (6frcs)
mint: Rome
3.07gms, 19mm
Scarce

The river good leans on an urn and usually holds a palm, one of the right figures often holds a palm. The three lean figure are probably Arabie, Parthie et Adiabéne (Trajan has a similar bronze).
According to other opinion the three figure are the rivers Eden and Tyne and Britannia.
berserker
Phillippicus_SB1460A.jpg
21. Philippicus, 711-713 AD27 viewsPhilippicus
711-713 AD.
AE Follis. Syracuse.

O: illegible legend, emperor standing facing, helmeted wearing military dress (resembling loros), holding cross on globe in l. hand and long eagle-tipped sceptre in r. hand

R: Large M, star to left, PFK above, star to right; mintmark SCL.

SB 1460A, MIB 24, SB 1460A

VF+, Very Rare

Found in lot of Byzantine culls bought on ebay in 2009!
1 commentsSosius
1479473_600230883347160_1238668460_n.jpg
210 Gordian III 68 viewsGordian III AR Antoninianus. 238-239 AD. IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right / VIRTVS AVG, Virtus standing facing in military dress, head left, with shield & spear. RIC 6, RSC 381.3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
caracalla_RIC225.jpg
213 AD - CARACALLA denarius35 viewsobv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT (laureate head right)
rev: PROFECTIO AVG (Caracalla in military dress standing right, holding spear; behind two standard)
ref: RIC IVi 225 (S), RSC 508 (10frcs)
mint: Rome
2.57gms, 19mm
Scarce

This coin is commemorate the departure for a short visit to Gallia and a campaing along the borders of Upper Germany and Raetia.
Historical backround: During the German war (213 AD), the emperor visited the shrine of the Celtic healing-god Grannus.
In classical Celtic polytheism, Grannus was a deity associated with spas, the sun, fires and healing thermal and mineral springs. He seems to have embodied the notion of therapeutic heat. One of the god’s most famous cult centres was at Aquae Granni (now Aachen, Germany). Aachen means ‘water’ in Old High German, a calque of the Roman name of "Aquae Granni".
berserker
22-Celtic-Alex-tet.jpg
22. Celtic Alexander Tetradrachm (?)47 viewsTetradrachm, ca 2'nd century BC, Danube region.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. Tripod at left.
17.25 gm., 28 mm.

In researching this coin, I found five coins which are from the same pair of dies as this one. These are the only examples of this type (tripod on reverse) that I've been able to find.

1. Palladium sale #10 (Nov. 1995), attributed to the mint at Pella and catalogued as Muller #146.

2. Palladium sale #11 (April 1996), described as "unlisted in Price, and apparently unknown before a recent hoard find. Variant of Price 633."

3. CNG sale #54, lot 99, described as a Celtic imitation of Alexander's coinage from the Danube region, ca 2'nd century BC. c.f. Goble, OTA, 566. This is the coin pictured above.

4. CNG sale #72, lot 13, described as "Celtic, Lower Danube, uncertain tribe, early 3'rd century BC . . . . Unpublished in the standard references . . . . By virtue of its style, fabric, and weight, this Alexander imitation is certainly an early issue, probably struck during the first decades of the third century BC."

5. Harlan J Berk 156th Buy or Bid Sale (Oct. 2007), lot 75, described as "Possibly unpublished . . . Somewhat unusual style on the obverse."

Five coins from the same pair or dies, five different attributions. I will agree, though, with the last statement of coin #4 above, that this appears to be an early issue. This coin is on a thick flan resembling coins minted during Alexander's lifetime and immediately thereafter and is made from good silver. There is something a bit barbaric about the style of this coin, although there are genuine Alexander coins listed and pictured in Martin J. Price's book which are more barbaric than this one. An interesting coin.
1 commentsCallimachus
sevalex dup.jpg
228 AD - SEVERUS ALEXANDER dupondius 42 viewsobv: IMP.SEV.ALEXANDER.AVG (radiate head right)
rev: RESTITVTOR MON / S.C. (emperor standing left, in military dress, extending right hand & holding scepter)
ref: RIC601 (S), C.516
11.68gms, 24mm
Rare
Of all the emperors, Severus Alexander is the only one who boasts of himself as the Restorer of the (Roman) Mint, but it is unknown what the commemorated reforms were.
1 commentsberserker
23-Constantius-II-Ale-055.jpg
23. Constantius II / Emperor and 2 captives.27 viewsMaiorina (?) (smaller AE 2), 348-350, Alexandria mint.
Obverse: DN CONSTANTIVS P F AVG / Diademed bust of Constantius II, left, holding globe.
Reverse: FEL TEMP REPARATIO / Emperor standing, in military dress, holding standard, resting left hand on shield. Two bound captives at his feet.
Mint mark: ALEA
4.52 gm., 20 mm.
RIC # 55; LRBC #2814; Sear #18235.
Callimachus
SevAlex-RIC-044.jpg
23. Severus Alexander year III.12 viewsDenarius, 224 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG / Laureate bust of Severus Alexander.
Reverse: P M TR P III COS P P / Alexander in military dress, holding globe and spear.
3.13 gm., 19 mm.
RIC #44; Sear #7897.
Callimachus
24-Constans-Sis-226.jpg
24. Constans / Emperor and 2 captives.17 viewsMaiorina (?) (smaller AE 2), 348-350, Siscia mint.
Obverse: DN CONSTANS P F AVG / Diademed bust of Constans, left, holding globe.
Reverse: FEL TEMP REPARATIO / Emperor standing, in military dress, holding standard, resting left hand on shield. Two captives at left. Star in left field above left captive.
Mint mark: ASISR
3.93 gm., 21 mm.
RIC #226; LRBC #1119; Sear #18704.
Callimachus
24-Seleukos-I.jpg
24. Seleukos I.101 viewsTetradrachm, ca 305 - 304 BC, Seleuceia ad Tigram mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΟΣ ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. Monogram at left, ΔΙ under throne.
16.93 gm., 26 mm.
Houghton #941; ESM #4; BMC 4.1, 5.

In Eastern Seleucid Mints, E.T. Newell has this coin in Series 1, Group A. He suggests a date of 305 - 304 BC. Martin J. Price lists a coin in the name of Alexander the Great (#3784) with the exact same monograms. He suggests a date of ca 295 BC for the coin, but admits the whole attribution is very tentative.
2 commentsCallimachus
Gordian-III-RIC-091.jpg
28. Gordian III / RIC 91, year III.12 viewsAntoninianus, July 240 - July 241 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG / Radiate bust of Gordian.
Reverse: P M TR P III COS II P P / Gordian in military dress, holding globe and transverse spear.
4.77 gm., 23 mm.
RIC #91; Sear #8644.
Callimachus
124Hadrian__RIC282.jpg
282 Hadrian Denarius Roma 134-38 AD Victoria standing23 viewsReference.
RIC 282

Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
Laureate head right

Rev. VICTORIA AVG.
Victory standing right, drawing out fold of dress and holding branch pointed downwards.

3.18 gr
17 mm
12h
okidoki
MaxVICyz15b.jpg
286-305 AD, 306-308 AD - Maximianus - RIC VI Cyzicus 15b - CONCORDIA MILITVM51 viewsEmperor: Maximianus (r. 286-305, 306-308 AD)
Date: ca. 295-299 AD
Condition: VF
Denomination: Light Radiate Fraction

Obverse: IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG
Imperator Consul Marcus Aurelius Maximianus Dutiful and Wise Emperor
Bust right; radiate and cuirassed

Reverse: CONCORDIA MI-LITVM
Unity of the Army.
Prince standing right in military dress receiving small Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left, left leaning on sceptre.
"KE" in center field (Cyzicus mint, fifth officina)

RIC VI Cyzicus 15b; VM 45
2.31g; 21.6mm; 195°
Pep
Gordian-III-RIC-092.jpg
31. Gordian III / RIC 92, year IIII.10 viewsAntoninianus, July 241 - July 242 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG / Radiate bust of Gordian.
Reverse: P M TR P IIII COS II P P / Gordian in military dress, holding globe and transverse spear.
4.55 gm., 22 mm.
RIC #92; Sear #8646.
Callimachus
447_Hadrian_RIC322.jpg
322 Hadrian Denarius Roma 134-38 AD Africa23 viewsReference. Rare
RIC II 322; RSC 1223; BMC 871

Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
Laureate head right

Rev. RESTITVTORI AFRICAE
Hadrian standing left, holding volumen, about to raise Africa who is kneeling right, holding grain ears and wearing elephant skin headdress; between them, two upright stalks of grain.

3.40 gr.
17 mm
6 h.
1 commentsokidoki
516_Hadrian_RIC322.jpg
322 Hadrian Denarius Roma 134-38 AD Africa13 viewsReference.
RIC 322e; RSC 1223; BMC 871

Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
Bust of Hadrian, laureate, draped on left shoulder, right.

Rev. RESTITVTORI AFRICAE
Hadrian, togate, standing left, holding roll in left hand and extending right to raise up Africa, wearing elephant-skin headdress, holding corn-ears, kneeling right; corn-ears center

3.13
17 mm
6h
okidoki
1335_P_Hadrian_RPC6266.jpg
3266 CILICIA, Tarsus Hadrian Tridrachm Sandan standing30 viewsReference.
RPC III 3266; Prieur 767; SNG BN 1407-9.

Issue Second group

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΘΕ ΤΡΑ ΠΑΡ ΥΙ ΘΕ ΝΕΡ ΥΙ ΤΡΑΙ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟϹ ϹΕ.
Laureate head of Hadrian, r. with drapery on l. shoulder

Rev. ΤΑΡϹΕΩΝ ΜΗΤΡΟΠΟΛΕΩϹ.
Sandan, wearing tall headdress and long cloak, standing, r., on horned lion; he wears on his l. side bow-case and sword crossing the bow-case; his r. hand is raised and he holds bipennis and wreath in l.

10.20 gr
25 mm
12h

Note.
Sandan was a Hittite High God, and like all the High Gods, his feet were believed never to touch the earth. Riding on the back of a powerful mythical animal, as Sandan does here with a horned lion, was an often-used means of transportation for these Gods. Sandan's appearance on a 2nd Century AD Cilician coin shows the lasting impact of the Hittite occupation of Cilicia, which occurred 18 centuries before this coin was struck.
2 commentsokidoki
941_P_Hadrian_RPC3267.jpg
3267 CILICIA, Tarsus Hadrian Tridrachm Sandan standing69 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3267; Levante 996; Prieur 768

Issue Second group

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΘΕ ΤΡΑ ΠΑΡ ΥΙ ΘΕ ΝΕΡ ΥΙ ΤΡΑΙ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟϹ ϹΕ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r. with balteus and drapery on l. shoulder.

Rev. ΤΑΡϹΕΩΝ ΜΗΤΡΟΠΟΛΕΩϹ
Sandan, wearing tall headdress and long cloak, standing, r., on horned lion; he wears on his l. side bow-case and sword crossing the bow-case; his r. hand is raised and he holds bipennis and wreath in left.

9.94 gr
26 mm
12h

Note.
Sandan (or Sandon or Sandas) was an ancient Anatolian god associated with both war and the weather, and was known in the area of Tarsos from Hittite times (the second half of the 2nd millenium BC). The figure of Sandan on a lion first appears on the coinage of Tarsus in the 2nd century BC, but it was certainly much older. The shrine to Sandan in Tarsus existed at least until the 3rd century AD
6 commentsokidoki
CtVIIIThes120.jpg
337-350 AD - Constans - RIC VIII Thessalonica 120 - FEL TEMP REPARATIO29 viewsEmperor: Constans (r. 337-350 AD)
Date: 348-350 AD
Condition: Fine
Size: AE3

Obverse: DN CONSTA-NS PF AVG
Our Lord Constans Dutiful and Wise Emperor
Bust right; pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed

Reverse: FEL TEMP - REPARATIO
The restoration of happy times.
Emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding phoenix on globe and standard with Chi-Rho on the banner; in the stern sits Victory, steering the ship.
Exergue: TESΓ (Thessalonica mint, third officina)

RIC VIII Thessalonica 120; VM 61
2.31g; 19.4mm; 0°
Pep
CsIIVIIICyz75.jpg
337-361 AD - Constantius II - RIC VIII Cyzicus 075 - FEL TEMP REPARATIO26 viewsEmperor: Constantius II (r. 337-361 AD)
Date: 348-350 AD
Condition: Fair
Size: AE3

Obverse: D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG
Our Lord Constantius Dutiful and Wise Emperor
Bust left; pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed; globe in right hand

Reverse: FEL TEMP - REPARATIO
Emperor, bare-headed & in military dress, standing left, in right hand holding standard w/ Chi-Rho on banner & resting left hand on shield. In front of him, two bound captives, kneeling left, heads turned towards one another.
Exergue: *SMKΔ (Cyzicus mint, fourth officina)

RIC VIII Cyzicus 75; VM 87
3.57g; 20.6mm; 195°
Pep
CsIIVIIIThes213.jpg
337-361 AD - Constantius II - RIC VIII Thessalonica 213 - SPES REIPVBLICE27 viewsEmperor: Constantius II (r. 337-361 AD)
Date: 355-361 AD
Condition: Fair
Size: AE4

Obverse: D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG
Our Lord Constantius Dutiful and Wise Emperor
Bust right; pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed

Reverse: SPES REI-PVBLICE
Hope of the Republic.
Emperor, helmeted and in military dress, standing left, holding spear and globe.
Exergue: SMTSΓ (Thessalonica mint, third officina)

RIC VIII Thessalonica 213
1.80g; 16.3mm; 135°
Pep
Gordian-III-RIC-306a.jpg
34. Gordian III / RIC 306a, year IIII, sestertius.17 viewsSestertius, 241-242 AD (year 4), Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG / Laureate bust of Gordian.
Reverse: P M TR P IIII COS II P P SC / Gordian in military dress, holding a transverse spear and globe.
17.79gm., 30 mm.
RIC #306a; Sear #8731.
Callimachus
35-Constantius-II-Sis-291.jpg
35. Constantius II / Hoc Signo. . .21 viewsMaiorina (larger AE 2), Mar. - Dec. 350, Siscia mint.
Obverse: DN CONSTANTIVS P F AVG / Diademed bust of Constantius II; A behind bust, star in front.
Reverse: HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS / Emperor standing, in military dress, holding standard with ChiRho, and spear. To the right stands Victory crowning him with a wreath and holding a palm branch. A in left field.
Mint mark: . ASIS*
5.55 gm., 22.5 mm.
RIC # 291; LRBC #1177; Sear #18203.

The reverse type on this coin refers to the vision Constantine the Great had before the Battle of the Milvian Bridge in 312. He saw a cross and the words HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS, which translate "By this sign you will be victorious."

Vetranio used this reverse type on coins minted in his name and the name of Constantius II during the 9 months he was emperor. RIC says, "This . . . evocation of the vision of Constantine before his victory over Magnentius is the clearest possible indication of Vetranio's loyalty to Constantius, and his expectation of the latter's triumph (over Magnentius)." (RIC VII, p. 344-45.)

On Roman coins, if an emperor is depicted on the reverse, it is usually the emperor whose name and portrait appears on the obverse of the coin. On this particular coin, it would not be out of place to have Constantius II represented on the reverse, especially because the coin was issued in advance of a coming battle with a pagan usurper (Magnentius). However, given the reverse legend, it is thought by many that the emperor depicted on this reverse is Constantine the Great himself.
Callimachus
JulIIVIIIConst150.jpg
355-360 AD - Julian II as Caesar - RIC VIII Constantinople 150 - SPES REIPVBLICE23 viewsCaesar: Julian II (Caes. 355-360 AD)
Date: 355-361 AD
Condition: Fair
Size: AE4

Obverse: DN CL IVLIANVS NOB CAES
Our Lord Claudius Julian Noble Caesar
Bust right; bare-headed, draped and cuirassed

Reverse: SPES REI-PVBLICE
Hope of the Republic.
Emperor, helmeted and in military dress, standing left, holding globe and spear.
Exergue: CONSS (Constantinople mint, sixth officina)

RIC VIII Constantinople 150
2.22g; 15.9mm; 180°
Pep
JulIIVIIISirm81.jpg
355-360 AD - Julian II as Caesar - RIC VIII Sirmium 081 - SPES REIPVBLICE31 viewsCaesar: Julian II (Caes. 355-360 AD)
Date: 355-361 AD
Condition: Fair/Fine
Size: AE3

Obverse: DN IVLIA-NVS NOB C
Our Lord Julian Noble Caesar
Bust right; bareheaded, draped and cuirassed

Reverse: SPES REI-PVBLICE
Hope of the Republic.
Emperor, helmeted and in military dress, standing left, holding globe and spear.
Exergue: (A?)SIRM (Sirmium mint, first? officina)

RIC VIII Sirmium 81
1.80g; 17.1mm; 195°
Pep
JulIIVIIISirm81or83.jpg
355-360 AD - Julian II as Caesar - RIC VIII Sirmium 081 or 083? - SPES REIPVBLICE44 viewsCaesar: Julian II (Caes. 355-360 AD)
Date: 355-361 AD
Condition: Fine
Size: AE4

Obverse: D N IVLIA-NVS NOB C
Our Lord Julian Noble Caesar
Bust right; bareheaded, draped and cuirassed

Reverse: SPES REI-PVBLICE
Hope of the Republic.
Emperor, helmeted and in military dress, standing left, holding globe and spear, a captive at his feet.
Exergue: unknown (SIRM?)

RIC VIII Sirmium 81 or 83?
1.99g; 16.5mm; 345°
Pep
798Hadrian_RIC363.jpg
363 Hadrian Denarius 134-38 AD Liberalitas standing28 viewsReference.
RIC II 363; C. 917; Strack

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P
Laureate head right

Rev. LIBERALITAS AVG / COS III
Liberalitas, in long dress, standing r., emptying cornucopiae which she holds with both her hands.

3.27 gr
18 mm
6h
1 commentsokidoki
620_P_Hadrian_RPC3828.jpg
3828 PHOENICIA, Tripolis Hadrian AE 25 117 AD Astarte standing.27 viewsReference,
RPC III, 3828; Rouvier 1694; BMC 45

Obv. ΑΥΤΟΚΡ ΚΑΙСΑΡ ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟС ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., with drapery on shoulder

Rev. ΤΡΙΠΟΛƐΙΤΩΝ ΗΚΥ (HKY Date Issue Year 428=117 AD)
Turreted Astarte standing with foot on prow, r., holding long stylis, raising dress with l. hand

11.74 gr
25mm
12h

ex.
Auctiones eAuction 47, Lot 85 2016
CNG 247, Lot: 252. 2011
1 commentsokidoki
567_P_Hadrian_RPC.jpg
4029 JUDAEA, Gaza Hadrian 132-33 AD Io and Tyche standing20 viewsReference.
RPC III, 4029; De Saulcy 5; BMC 25; Cop. - Lindgren- - ANS.920

http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/3/4029/12/

Issue Year 4 = 193

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС С
Laureate and draped bust of Hadrian, right seen from rear.

Rev. ΕΙW ΓΑΖΑ in ex. Δ ΕΠI Γ P
Io, in long dress, standing r., and City-goddess, in long dress, turreted and holding cornucopia in her l. hand, clasping hands

12.88 gr
26 mm
12h

Note.
Hadrian visited Gaza more than once, and it was upon such a visit in AD 128 that an additional reckoning date, that of the επιδημία (imperial visit), was added. During one of his trips the great temple of Zeus-Marnas may have been founded, as it first appears on the coins of Hadrian.
1 commentsokidoki
coin225.JPG
409. Maximinus II Daza37 viewsCaius Valerius Galerius Maximinus, more commonly known as Maximinus Daia or Daza, was from Illyricum and was of peasant origin. He was born 20 November perhaps in the year 270. Daia was the son of Galerius' sister and had served in the army as a scutarius, Protector, and tribunus. He had been adopted by Galerius ; his name had been Daia even before that time. He had a wife and daughter, whose names are unknown, while his son's name was Maximus. When Diocletian and Maximianus Herculius resigned their posts of emperor on 1 May 305, they were succeeded by Constantius I Chlorus and Galerius as Augusti; their new Caesars were Severus and Maximinus Daia respectively. Constantius and Severus ruled in the West, whereas Galerius and Daia served in the East. Specifically, Daia's realm included the Middle East and the southern part of Asia Minor.[[1]]

Immediately after his appointment to the rank of Caesar, he went east and spent his first several years at Caesarea in Palestine. Events of the last quarter of 306 had a profound effect on the Emperor Galerius and his Caesar Daia. When Constantius I Chlorus died in July 306, the eastern emperor was forced by the course of events to accept Constantius' son Constantine as Caesar in the West; on 28 October of the same year, Maxentius , with the apparent backing of his father Maximianus Herculius, was acclaimed princeps. Both the attempt to dislodge Maxentius by Severus, who had been appointed Augustus of the West by Galerius after the death of Constantius in late 306 or early 307, and the subsequent campaign of Galerius himself in the summer of 307 failed. Because of the escalating nature of this chain of events, a Conference was called at Carnuntum in October and November 308; Licinius was appointed Augustus in Severus's place and Daia and Constantine were denoted filii Augustorum. Daia, however, unsatisfied with this sop tossed to him by Galerius, started calling himself Augustus in the spring of 310 when he seems to have campaigned against the Persians.[[2]] Although, as Caesar, he proved to be a trusted servant of Galerius until the latter died in 311, he subsequently seized the late emperor's domains. During the early summer of that year, he met with Licinius at the Bosporus; they concluded a treaty and divided Galerius' realm between them. Several yea rs later, after the death of Daia, Licinius obtained control of his domain. Like his mentor the late emperor, Daia had engaged in persecution of the Christians in his realm.[[3]]

In the autumn of 312, while Constantine was engaged against Maxentius, Daia appears to have been campaigning against the Armenians. In any case, he was back in Syria by February 313 when he seems to have learned about the marital alliance which had been forged by Constantine and Licinius. Disturbed by this course of events and the death of Maxentius, who had been his ally, Daia left Syria and reached Bythinia, although the harsh weather had seriously weakened his army. In April 313, he crossed the Bosporus and went to Byzantium, garrisoned by Licinius' troops; when the city refused to surrender, he took it after an eleven day siege. He moved to Heraclea, which he captured after a short siege; he then moved his forces to the first posting station. With only a small contingent of men, Licinius arrived at Adrianople while Daia was besieging Heraclea. On 30 April 313 the two armies clashed on the Campus Ergenus; in the ensuing battle Daia's forces were routed. Divesting himself of the purple and dressing like a slave, Daia fled to Nicomdeia. Subsequently, Daia attempted to stop the advance of Licinius at the Cilician Gates by establishing fortifications there; Licinius' army succeeded in breaking through, and Daia fled to Tarsus where he was hard pressed on land and sea. Daia died, probably in July or August 313, and was buried near Tarsus. Subsequently, the victorious emperor put Daia's wife and children to death.

Maximinus II Daza. 309-313 AD. ? Follis. Laureate head right / Genius standing left holding cornucopiae.
ecoli
claudius as1.jpg
41-54 AD - CLAUDIUS I AE as - struck 41-50 AD19 viewsobv: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG PM TR P (bare head left)
rev: CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI / S.C. (Constantia, helmeted and in military dress, standing left, holding long spear in left hand)
ref: RIC I 95, C.14
mint: Rome
8.05gms, 28mm

Constancy was the symbol of the Emperor Claudius.
berserker
claudius as2.jpg
41-54 AD - CLAUDIUS I AE as - struck 41-50 AD22 viewsobv: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG PM TR P (bare head left)
rev: CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI / S.C. (Constantia, helmeted and in military dress, standing left, holding long spear in left hand)
ref: RIC I 95, C.14
8.60gms, 29mm
berserker
20-Galerius-Car-32b.jpg
49 Galerius as Caesar: Carthage follis.29 viewsFollis, 299 - 303 AD, Carthage mint.
Obverse: MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES / Laureate bust of Galerius.
Reverse: SALVS AVGG ET CAES FEL KART / Carthage standing, dressed in long robe, holding fruits in both hands.
Mint mark: Δ
11.02 gm,, 29 mm.
RIC #32b; Sear #14411.
1 commentsCallimachus
Valerian-II-RIC-Ant-54.jpg
50. Valerian II.21 viewsAntoninianus, 256 - 258 AD, either the Antioch mint or a mint in Samaosata.
Obverse: P LIC COR VALERIANVS CAES / Radiate bust of Valerian II.
Reverse: VICTORIA PART / Victory presenting wreath to Valerian II, in military dress, holding globe and spear.
3.77 gm., 21 mm.
RIC #54; Sear #10742.

Attributed to Antioch, 255 AD by RIC.
Attributed to "Eastern field mint," 256-58 AD by Sear, vol. III.
This coin shows a cuirass at the bottom edge of the obverse. Since it is way to the right, this bust type is "seen from behind." Not mentioned in RIC or Sear.
Just what victory over the Parthians is referred to on this coin is open to question.
Callimachus
coins297.JPG
501. Constantine I Sirmium HOC SIG NO VICTOR ERIS8 viewsConstantine I Sirmium HOC SIG NO VICTOR ERIS

obv. DN CONSTAN - TVS PF AVG
bust draped and cuirassed, pearl-diademed, r.
Letter A behind bust
rev. HOC SIG - NO VICTOR ERIS
Emperor, diad. an in military dress, stg. facing, head l., holding standard with Chi-Rho on
the banner, and spear. To the r. stands Victory crowning him with a wreath and holding a
palm-branch.
III in L. of reverse field
ex. star SIRM
RIC VIII, Sirmium 23; LRBC 1586
struck Sept. 351 - 6 Nov. 355; common

ecoli
coins422.JPG
501b. Crispus Siscia PRINCIPIA IVVENTVTIS18 viewsCrispus AE3. 317-318 AD. CRISPVS NOBILLISIMVS CAES, laureate cuirassed bust right / PRINCIPIA IVVENTVTIS, Crispus standing right, helmeted in military dress, holding spear & shield set on ground, gamma SIS in EXE. RIC.39 R3ecoli
coins171.JPG
504. Constantius II Campgate Nicomedia18 viewsNicomedia

Titular see of Bithynia Prima, founded by King Zipoetes. About 264 B.C. his son Nicodemes I dedicated the city anew, gave it his name, made it his capital, and adorned it with magnificent monuments. At his court the vanquished Hannibal sought refuge. When Bithynia became a Roman province Nicomedia remained its capital. Pliny the Younger mentions, in his letters to Trajan, several public edifices of the city — a senate house, an aqueduct which he had built, a forum, the temple of Cybele, etc. He also proposed to join the Black Sea with the Sea of Marmora by a canal which should follow the river Sangarius and empty the waters of the Lake of Sabandja into the Gulf of Astacus. A fire then almost destroyed the town. From Nicomedia perhaps, he wrote to Trajan his famous letter concerning the Christians. Under Marcus Aurelius, Dionysius, Bishop of Corinth, addressed a letter to his community warning them against the Marcionites (Eusebius, "Hist. Eccl.", IV, xxiii). Bishop Evander, who opposed the sect of the Ophites (P.L., LIII, 592), seems to have lived at the same time. Nicomedia was the favorite residence of Diocletian, who built there a palace, a hippodrome, a mint, and an arsenal. In 303 the edict of the tenth persecution caused rivers of blood to flow through the empire, especially in Nicomedia, where the Bishop Anthimus and a great many Christians were martyred. The city was then half Christian, the palace itself being filled with them. In 303, in the vast plain east of Nicomedia, Diocletian renounced the empire in favour of Galerius. In 311 Lucian, a priest of Antioch, delivered a discourse in the presence of the judge before he was executed. Other martyrs of the city are numbered by hundreds. Nicomedia suffered greatly during the fourth century from an invasion of the Goths and from an earthquake (24 Aug., 354), which overthrew all the public and private monuments; fire completed the catastrophe. The city was rebuilt, on a smaller scale. In the reign of Justinian new public buildings were erected, which were destroyed in the following century by the Shah Chosroes. Pope Constantine I visited the city in 711. In 1073 John Comnenus was there proclaimed emperor and shortly afterwards was compelled to abdicate. In 1328 it was captured by the Sultan Orkhan, who restored its ramparts, parts of which are still preserved.

RIC VII Nicomedia 158 R2

ecoli
coin396.JPG
513. Gratian29 viewsFlavius Gratianus Augustus (April 18/May 23, 359 - August 25, 383), known as Gratian, was a Western Roman Emperor from 375 to 383. He was the son of Valentinian I by Marina Severa and was born at Sirmium in Pannonia.

On August 4, 367 he received from his father the title of Augustus. On the death of Valentinian (November 17, 375), the troops in Pannonia proclaimed his infant son (by a second wife Justina) emperor under the title of Valentinian II.

Gratian acquiesced in their choice; reserving for himself the administration of the Gallic provinces, he handed over Italy, Illyria and Africa to Valentinian and his mother, who fixed their residence at Milan. The division, however, was merely nominal, and the real authority remained in the hands of Gratian.

The Eastern Roman Empire was under the rule of his uncle Valens. In May, 378 Gratian completely defeated the Lentienses, the southernmost branch of the Alamanni, at the Battle of Argentovaria, near the site of the modern Colmar. Later that year, Valens met his death in the Battle of Adrianople on August 9.

In the same year, the government of the Eastern Empire devolved upon Gratian, but feeling himself unable to resist unaided the incursions of the barbarians, he promoted Theodosius I on January 19, 379 to govern that portion of the empire. Gratianus and Theodosius then cleared the Balkans of barbarians in the Gothic War (377–382).

For some years Gratian governed the empire with energy and success but gradually sank into indolence, occupying himself chiefly with the pleasures of the chase, and became a tool in the hands of the Frankish general Merobaudes and bishop Ambrose of Milan.

By taking into his personal service a body of Alani, and appearing in public in the dress of a Scythian warrior, he aroused the contempt and resentment of his Roman troops. A Roman general named Magnus Maximus took advantage of this feeling to raise the standard of revolt in Britain and invaded Gaul with a large army. Gratian, who was then in Paris, being deserted by his troops, fled to Lyon. There, through the treachery of the governor, Gratian was delivered over to one of the rebel generals and assassinated on August 25, 383.

RIC IX Antioch 46b S

DN GRATIA-NVS PF AVG
CONCOR-DIA AVGGG
ecoli
417_P_Hadrian_Emmett828.jpg
5434 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 123-24 AD Canopic jar of Isis18 viewsReference.
Emmett 828.8; Dattari 1310; Köln 851; Milne 1051: RPC III, 5434

Issue L H = year 8

Obv. AVT KAIC TPAINA∆PIANOC CEB
Laureate head right, aegis at shoulder.

Rev. L-H date across field
Canopic jar of Isis wearing headdress

12.79 gr

Note.
Isis
Goddess of health, marriage, and wisdom
okidoki
230_P_Hadrian__Emmett_805_10.jpg
5565 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 125-26 AD Alexandria28 viewsReference.
Emmett 805.10; Milne 1158; RPC III, 5565

Issue L ΔΕΚΑΤΟΥ = year 10

Obv. AVT KAI TPAI ΑΔΡΙΑ CEB
Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right seen from behind.

Rev. L.ΔE KATOV
Bust of Alexandria right with elephant headdress.

6.75 gr
24 mm
1 commentsokidoki
41Hadrian__RIC110~0.jpg
567 Hadrian Roma 119-23 AD Hadrian-Fortuna26 viewsReference.
Strack 84; RIC II, 110; C 1162; BMCRE 239; RIC III, 567

Bust A2

Obv. IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG.
Laureate bust with drapery

Rev. P M TR P COS III
Hadrian-Fortuna, in military dress, standing left, holding rudder on globe and spear.

3.07 gr
18 mm
12h
okidoki
376_P_Hadrian_Emmett883.jpg
5713 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 127-28 AD Mummiform Osiris63 viewsReference.
Emmett 883.12; RPC III, 5713; Köln 982; Dattari (Savio) 1445; K&G 32.458.

Issue L ΔWΔƐΚΑΤΟΥ = year 12

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ - ΤΡΑΙAN ΑΔΡ CΕΒ
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from back.

Rev. LΔωΔΕ ΚΑΤΟV
Mummiform Osiris (Ptah-Sokar-Osiris) standing right, holding scepter tipped with jackal-head (Was-sceptre)

12.66 gr
24 mm
6h

Note.
Giovanni Dattari summarizes the unusual reverse type seen on this billon tetradrachm of Hadrian. The image of the Ptah-Sokar-Osiris divinity belongs to Egyptian theology, and in particular to funeral worship. It brings together three famous members of the Pharaonic Pantheon through their respective symbols: the headdress and scepter for Ptah, the solar disk for Osiris, and the mummiform wrappings for Sokar – the “Lord of the Necropolis.” These three associated divinities call upon the concepts of “mourning” and “life”, evoking at the same time the pain associated with death and the hope of resurrection. The main sanctuaries of Ptah, Sokaris, and Osiris were at Memphis and Abydos.
2 commentsokidoki
374_P_Hadrian_Emmett_1189.jpg
5764 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Dichalkon 129-30 AD Headdress of Isis17 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5764; Emmett 1189.14; Milne 1293; Köln 1019; Dattari 1918

Issue L IΔ = year 14

Obv.
Laureate head right.

Rev. L IΔ
Headdress of Isis.

1.66 gr
14 mm

Note.
Isis
Goddess of health, marriage, and wisdom
okidoki
293_P_Hadrian_RPC5823.jpg
5823 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 132-33 AD Mummiform Sokar43 viewsReference.
Emmett 883.17; RPC III, 5823; Dattari (Savio) 1446

Issue L IZ = year 17

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΙΑΝ - ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СƐΒ
Laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Hadrian, r., seen from rear

Rev. L ΙΖ
Mummiform Sokar (Ptah-Sokar-Osiris) standing right, holding sceptre tipped with falon (Horus?)

13.00 gr
27 mm
12h

Note.
Giovanni Dattari summarizes the unusual reverse type seen on this billon tetradrachm of Hadrian. The image of the Ptah-Sokar-Osiris divinity belongs to Egyptian theology, and in particular to funeral worship. It brings together three famous members of the Pharaonic Pantheon through their respective symbols: the headdress and scepter for Ptah, the solar disk for Osiris, and the mummiform wrappings for Sokar – the “Lord of the Necropolis.” These three associated divinities call upon the concepts of “mourning” and “life”, evoking at the same time the pain associated with death and the hope of resurrection. The main sanctuaries of Ptah, Sokaris, and Osiris were at Memphis and Abydos.
4 commentsokidoki
715_P_Hadrian_Emmett828_17.jpg
5858 EGYPT, Alexandria Hadrian Diobol 132-33 AD Canopic jar of Isis15 viewsReference.
Emmett 1118.17; RPC III, 5858; Köln 1074

Issue L IZ = year 17

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΙΑΝ - ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СƐΒ
laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Hadrian, r., seen from front.

Rev. L ΙΖ
Canopic jar of Isis wearing headdress and on pillow

8.20 gr
25 mm
12h
okidoki
590Hadrian_RIC612.jpg
612 Hadrian Sestertius Roma 122-25 AD Spes standing63 viewsReference.
Strack 576; RIC 612b; Banti 595

Obv. IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG
Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right. (with visible thunderbolt on his cuirass leather strap)


Rev. P M TR P COS III S C
Spes advancing left, holding flower and lifting dress.

28.15 gr
33 mm
6h

From the J. Eric Engstrom Collection. Ex Lepczyk 61 (13 March 1985), lot 365; Vatican Museum duplicate from St. John’s College Collection, no. 429.
2 commentsokidoki
411Hadrian_RIC614a.jpg
614 Hadrian Sestertius, Roma 122-25 AD Virtus standing31 viewsReference.
Strack 571; RIC 614a; Banti 775; C.1466

Obv. IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG
Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right

Rev. PM TR P COS III in field VIRT - AVG S-C
Virtus, helmeted, in military dress, standing left, resting right foot on helmet, holding vertical spear in left hand and parazonium upright in right

23.90 gr
33 mm
5h
2 commentsokidoki
1087Hadrian_RIC636.jpg
636 Hadrian Sestertius, Roma 124-28 AD Roma47 viewsReference.
RIC 636; BMC 1294; C. 342; Strack 611

Obv: HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS.
Laureate head right.

Rev: COS III / S C. in ex.
Roma, helmeted, in military dress, seated left on cuirass, left foot on helmet, holding Victory on extended right hand and cornucopia in left; round shield set on ground to right.

27.95 gr
33 mm
6h
3 commentsokidoki
1019_P_Hadrian_RPC6390.jpg
6390 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Nome Obol 126-27 AD Isis standing22 viewsReference.
RPC 6390.22; Dattari-Savio Pl. 304, 6299 (this coin). Dattari 6299 and Pl XXXV (this rev. Illustrated) Emmett 1246

Issue Memphite

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ ΑΔΡΙΑ СΕΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder

Rev. ΜΕΜΦΙ, L ΙΑ
Isis standing, facing, head l., wearing basileion upon vulture headdress, holding in l. hand figure of Ptah, standing, r., wearing sun disk and was-sceptre in hands, and raised uraeus, l., wearing pschent, in r. hand

5.75 gr
19.5 mm
12h

Note.
From the Dattari collection. Illustrated in Dattari.

Figure of Ptah, God of Creation
The Pschent was the name of the Double Crown worn by rulers in ancient Egypt
1 commentsokidoki
524Hadrian_RIC645.jpg
645 Hadrian Sestertius Roma 125-28 AD Emperor29 viewsReference.
RIC 645d; Strack 590

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS
Bust of Hadrian, laureate, draped on left shoulder, right.

Rev.COS III S C EXPED AVG
Hadrian, in military dress, with cloak flying behind him, on horse prancing left, raising right hand

25.58 gr
32 mm
6h
okidoki
1328_P_Hadrian_RPC6455.jpg
6455 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Nome Obol 126-27 AD Horus standing3 viewsReference.
RPC III, 6455/20; Dattari-Savio Pl. 293, 10856 (this coin); Emmett 1251

Issue Alexandreon Chora (nome of Lower Egypt)

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ ΑΔΡΙΑ ϹΕΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder

Rev. ΑΛΕΞ Χ, L ΙΑ
Horus, standing, l., wearing military dress, holding spear in r. hand, hippopotamus, r., in l. hand

4.32 gr
19 mm
12h
okidoki
659_P_Hadrian_Emmett1240.JPG
6470 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Nome Obol 126-27 AD Horus-Mahes standing16 viewsReference.
Emmett 1240.11; RPC III, 6470

Issue. Leontopolite

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ ΑΔΡΙΑ СΕΒ
laureate bust right

Rev. ΛΕΟΝΤ, L ΙΑ
Horus-Mahes standing, facing, head r., wearing military dress, holding spear in r. hand, and lion, r., in l. hand

5.70 gr
19 mm
h
okidoki
953_P_Hadrian_RPC6470.jpg
6470 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Nome Obol 126-27 AD Horus-Mahes standing25 viewsReference.
Emmett 1240.11; RPC III, 6470.29 (this coin); Dattari-Savio Pl. 302, 10976.

Issue. Leontopolite

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ ΑΔΡΙΑ СΕΒ
laureate bust right

Rev. ΛΕΟΝΤ, L ΙΑ
Horus-Mahes standing, facing, head r., wearing military dress, holding spear in r. hand, and lion, r., in l. hand

5.80 gr
20 mm
12h
okidoki
1020_P_Hadrian_RPC6485_18.jpg
6485 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Nome Obol 126-27 AD Onuris-Shu standing20 viewsReference.
RPC III, 6485.18 (this coin). Dattari-Savio Pl. 311, 11148 (this coin); Emmett 1217

Issue Sebennyte inferior

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ ΑΔΡΙΑ СΕΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder

Rev. СΕΒΕ Κ, L ΙΑ
Onuris-Shu standing, l., wearing military dress and helmet, holding spear in l. hand, and bunch of grapes in r. hand

4.60 gr
19 mm
12h

Note.
From the Dattari collection.
2 commentsokidoki
876_P_Hadrian_RPC657.jpg
657 MACEDONIA, Amphipolis Hadrian AE 25 Amphipolis17 viewsReverence.
RPC III, 657; AMNG 67; SNG ANS 155. Varnanov 3128; Lindgren 966

Issue Coinage without imperial portrait

Obv. ΚΑΙСΑΡ СΕΒΑСΤΟС
Emperor in military dress standing l., holding spear in r. hand and parazonium in l.

Rev. ΑΜΦΙΠΟΛΕΙΤωΝ
Amphipolis turreted seated l., holding patera in extended r. hand and her garment in her left hand.

10.62 gr
25 mm
6h

Note from Leu
RPC assigns this issue to the time of Hadrian based upon fabric, types and letter forms.
okidoki
galba denar.jpg
68-69 AD - GALBA AR denarius - struck July 68- Jan. 69 AD56 viewsobv: IMP SER GALBA CAESAR AVG (laureate head right)
rev: DIVA AVGVSTA (A woman dressed in the stola and long robe, holding a patera and hasta)
ref: RIC I 186, C.8 (10frcs)
3.20gms, 17,5mm
Rare

Galba, who was grently indebted to Livia (wife of Augustus), on which account he held her memory in gratitude, and caused her image to be struck on his coins.
1 commentsberserker
titus RIC208.jpg
69-79 AD - TITUS (Caesar) AR denarius - struck 1Jan-23June 79 AD91 viewsobv: T CAESAR IMP VESPASIANVS (laureate head right)
rev: TR POT VIII COS VII (captive kneeling right in front of trophy of arms)
ref: RIC II 208(Vespasian) (S), C.334(6 francs)
3.32gms, 18mm
Rare

This reverse probably commemorating another Agricola's victory in Britannia or reminder of the successful Jewish War. I think it's belong to the Judea Capta series, because the captive wearing a typical jewish cap, and in ancient times both jewish men and women are wearing dresses covering most of their body (arms and legs). Celtic warriors had a long hair to scary the enemy (and they wearing pants).
4 commentsberserker
AugustusAE19Sardeis.jpg
702a, Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.37 viewsAugustus, 27 BC - 14 AD. AE 19mm (5.98 gm). Lydia, Sardeis. Diodoros Hermophilou. Obverse: head right. Reverse: Zeus Lydios standing facing holding scepter and eagle. RPC I, 489, 2986; SNG von Aulock 3142. aVF. Fine portrait. Ex Tom Vossen.

De Imperatoribus Romanis:
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers

AUGUSTUS (31 B.C. - 14 A.D.)

Garrett G. Fagan
Pennsylvania State University

In the course of his long and spectacular career, he put an end to the advancing decay of the Republic and established a new basis for Roman government that was to stand for three centuries. This system, termed the "Principate," was far from flawless, but it provided the Roman Empire with a series of rulers who presided over the longest period of unity, peace, and prosperity that Western Europe, the Middle East and the North African seaboard have known in their entire recorded history. Even if the rulers themselves on occasion left much to be desired, the scale of Augustus's achievement in establishing the system cannot be overstated. Aside from the immense importance of Augustus's reign from the broad historical perspective, he himself is an intriguing figure: at once tolerant and implacable, ruthless and forgiving, brazen and tactful. Clearly a man of many facets, he underwent three major political reinventions in his lifetime and negotiated the stormy and dangerous seas of the last phase of the Roman Revolution with skill and foresight. With Augustus established in power and with the Principate firmly rooted, the internal machinations of the imperial household provide a fascinating glimpse into the one issue that painted this otherwise gifted organizer and politician into a corner from which he could find no easy exit: the problem of the succession.

(For a very detailed and interesting account of the Age of Augustus see: http://www.roman-emperors.org/auggie.htm)

Death and Retrospective

In his later years, Augustus withdrew more and more from the public eye, although he continued to transact public business. He was getting older, and old age in ancient times must have been considerably more debilitating than it is today. In any case, Tiberius had been installed as his successor and, by AD 13, was virtually emperor already. In AD 4 he had received grants of both proconsular and tribunician power, which had been renewed as a matter of course whenever they needed to be; in AD 13, Tiberius's imperium had been made co-extensive with that of Augustus. While traveling in Campania, Augustus died peacefully at Nola on 19 August, AD 14. Tiberius, who was en route to Illyricum, hurried to the scene and, depending on the source, arrived too late or spent a day in consultation with the dying princes. The tradition that Livia poisoned her husband is scurrilous in the extreme and most unlikely to be true. Whatever the case about these details, Imperator Caesar Augustus, Son of a God, Father of his Country, the man who had ruled the Roman world alone for almost 45 years, or over half a century if the triumviral period is included, was dead. He was accorded a magnificent funeral, buried in the mausoleum he had built in Rome, and entered the Roman pantheon as Divus Augustus. In his will, he left 1,000 sesterces apiece to the men of the Praetorian guard, 500 to the urban cohorts, and 300 to each of the legionaries. In death, as in life, Augustus acknowledged the true source of his power.

The inscription entitled "The Achievements of the Divine Augustus" (Res Gestae Divi Augustae; usually abbreviated RG) remains a remarkable piece of evidence deriving from Augustus's reign. The fullest copy of it is the bilingual Greek and Latin version carved into the walls of the Temple of Rome and Augustus at Ancyra in Galatia (for this reason the RG used to be commonly referred to as the Monumentum Ancyranum). Other evidence, however, demonstrates that the original was inscribed on two bronze pillars that flanked the entrance to the Mausoleum of Augustus in Rome. The inscription remains the only first-person summary of any Roman emperor's political career and, as such, offers invaluable insights into the Augustan regime's public presentation of itself.

In looking back on the reign of Augustus and its legacy to the Roman world, its longevity ought not to be overlooked as a key factor in its success. People had been born and reached middle age without knowing any form of government other than the Principate. Had Augustus died earlier (in 23 BC, for instance), matters may have turned out very differently. The attrition of the civil wars on the old Republican aristocracy and the longevity of Augustus, therefore, must be seen as major contributing factors in the transformation of the Roman state into a monarchy in these years. Augustus's own experience, his patience, his tact, and his great political acumen also played their part. All of these factors allowed him to put an end to the chaos of the Late Republic and re-establish the Roman state on a firm footing. He directed the future of the empire down many lasting paths, from the existence of a standing professional army stationed at or near the frontiers, to the dynastic principle so often employed in the imperial succession, to the embellishment of the capital at the emperor's expense. Augustus's ultimate legacy, however, was the peace and prosperity the empire was to enjoy for the next two centuries under the system he initiated. His memory was enshrined in the political ethos of the Imperial age as a paradigm of the good emperor; although every emperor adopted his name, Caesar Augustus, only a handful earned genuine comparison with him.

Copyright © 1999, Garrett G. Fagan.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Augustus (the first Roman emperor, in whose reign Jesus Christ was born) is without any doubt one of the most important figures in Roman history.

It is reported that when he was near death, Augustus addressed those in attendance with these words, "If I have played my part well, applaud!"

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr
Cleisthenes
TiberiusHierapolis.jpg
703b, Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Hierapolis, Phrygia107 viewsBronze AE 16, RPC I 2966 (1 specimen), F, Phrygia, Hierapolis, 3.300g, 15.6mm, 0o; Obverse: TIBEPIOC KAISAR, laureate head right; Reverse: IERAPOLEITWN ZOSIMOS [...], Apollo Archegetes (Lairbenos) standing left, playing lyre; reverse countermarked with star of six rays, in oval punch, 2.5 x 3.5 mm, Howgego 445 (3 pcs, 1 of which from this magistrate); dark patina; very rare. Ex FORVM.

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

TIBERIUS (A.D. 14-37)

Garrett G. Fagan
Pennsylvania State University

The reign of Tiberius Claudius Nero (b. 42 B.C., d. A.D. 37, emperor A.D. 14-37) is a particularly important one for the Principate, since it was the first occasion when the powers designed for Augustus alone were exercised by somebody else. In contrast to the approachable and tactful Augustus, Tiberius emerges from the sources as an enigmatic and darkly complex figure, intelligent and cunning, but given to bouts of severe depression and dark moods that had a great impact on his political career as well as his personal relationships. His reign abounds in contradictions. Despite his keen intelligence, he allowed himself to come under the influence of unscrupulous men who, as much as any actions of his own, ensured that Tiberius's posthumous reputation would be unfavorable; despite his vast military experience, he oversaw the conquest of no new region for the empire; and despite his administrative abilities he showed such reluctance in running the state as to retire entirely from Rome and live out his last years in isolation on the island of Capri. His reign represents, as it were, the adolescence of the Principate as an institution. Like any adolescence, it proved a difficult time.

. . . .

It is all but inevitable that any historical assessment of Tiberius will quickly devolve into a historiographical assessment of Tacitus. So masterful is Tacitus's portrayal of his subject, and so influential has it been ever since, that in all modern treatments of Tiberius, in attempting to get at the man, must address the issue of Tacitus's historiographical methods, his sources, and his rhetoric. The subject is too vast to address here, but some points are salient. Tacitus's methods, especially his use of innuendo and inference to convey notions that are essentially editorial glosses, makes taking his portrayal of Tiberius at face value inadvisable. Further, his belief in the immutable character of people -- that one's character is innate at birth and cannot be changed, although it can be disguised -- prevents him from investigating the possibility that Tiberius evolved and developed over his lifetime and during his reign. Instead, Tacitus's portrayal is one of peeling back layers of dissimulation to reach the "real" Tiberius lurking underneath.

Overall, Tiberius's reign can be said to show the boons and banes of rule by one man, especially a man as dark, awkward, and isolated as Tiberius. For the people of the provinces, it was a peaceful and well-ordered time. Governors behaved themselves, and there were no destructive or expensive wars. In the domestic sphere, however, the concentration of power in one person made all the greater the threat of misbehavior by ambitious satellites like Sejanus or foolish friends like Piso. Furthermore, if the emperor wished to remain aloof from the mechanics of power, he could do so. Administrators, who depended on him for their directions, could operate without his immediate supervision, but their dealings with a man like Sejanus could lead to disaster if that man fell from grace. As a result, although he was not a tyrant himself, Tiberius's reign sporadically descended into tyranny of the worst sort. In the right climate of paranoia and suspicion, widespread denunciation led to the deaths of dozens of Senators and equestrians, as well as numerous members of the imperial house. In this sense, the reign of Tiberius decisively ended the Augustan illusion of "the Republic Restored" and shone some light into the future of the Principate, revealing that which was both promising and terrifying.

[For the complete article please refer to http://www.roman-emperors.org/tiberius.htm]

By Garrett G. Fagan, Pennsylvania State University.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.


Hierapolis in History

Usually said to be founded by Eumenes II, king of Pergamum (197-159 BC), Hierapolis may actually have been established closer to the 4th century BC by the Seleucid kings.

The name of the city may derive from Hiera, the wife of Telephus (son of Hercules and grandson of Zeus), the mythical founder of Pergamum. Or it may have been called the "sacred city" because of the temples located at the site. (The name Pamukkale is sometimes used just to refer to the white terraces, but the modern name of the whole area is also Pamukkale.)

With Colossae and Laodicea, Hierapolis became part of the tri-city area of the Lycus River valley. Hierapolis was located across the river from the other two cities and was noted for its textiles, especially wool. The city was also famous for its purple dye, made from the juice of the madder root.

The hot springs at Hierapolis (which still attract visitors today) were believed to have healing properties, and people came to the city to bathe in the rich mineral waters in order to cure various ailments.

Hierapolis was dedicated to Apollo Lairbenos, who was said to have founded the city. The Temple of Apollo that survives in ruins today dates from the 3rd century AD, but its foundations date from the Hellenistic period.

Also worshipped at Hierapolis was Pluto, god of the underworld, probably in relation to the hot gases released by the earth (see the Plutonium, below). The chief religious festival of ancient Hierapolis was the Letoia, in honor of the the goddess Leto, a Greek form of the Mother Goddess. The goddess was honoured with orgiastic rites.

Hierapolis was ceded to Rome in 133 BC along with the rest of the Pergamene kingdom, and became part of the Roman province of Asia. The city was destroyed by an earthquake in 60 AD but rebuilt, and it reached its peak in the 2nd and 3rd centuries AD.

Famous natives of Hierapolis include the Stoic philosopher Epictetus (c.55-c.135 AD) and the philosopher and rhetorician Antipater. Emperor Septimus hired Antipater to tutor his sons Caracalla and Geta, who became emperors themselves.

Hierapolis had a significant Jewish population in ancient times, as evidence by numerous inscriptions on tombs and elsewhere in the city. Some of the Jews are named as members of the various craft guilds of the city. This was probably the basis for the Christian conversion of some residents of Hierapolis, recorded in Colossians 4:13.

In the 5th century, several churches as well as a large martyrium dedicated to St. Philip (see "In the Bible," below) were built in Hierapolis. The city fell into decline in the 6th century, and the site became partially submerged under water and deposits of travertine. It was finally abandoned in 1334 after an earthquake. Excavations began to uncover Hierapolis in the 19th century.

Hierapolis in the Bible

Hierapolis is mentioned only once in the Bible, when St. Paul praises Epaphras, a Christian from Colossae, in his letter to the Colossians. Paul writes that Epaphras "has worked hard for you and for those in Laodicea and in Hierapolis" (Colossians 4:12-13). Epaphras was probably the founder of the Christian community at Hierapolis.

Ancient tradition also associates Hierapolis with a biblical figure, reporting that Philip died in Hierapolis around 80 AD. However, it is not clear which Philip is menat. It could be Philip the Apostle, one of the original 12 disciples, who is said to have been martyred by upside-down crucifixion (Acts of Philip) or by being hung upside down by his ankles from a tree.

Or Philip could be Philip the Evangelist, a later disciple who helped with administrative matters and had four virgin-prophetess daughters (Acts 6:1-7; 21:8-9). Early traditions say this Philip was buried in Hierapolis along with his virgin daughters, but confusingly call him "Philip the Apostle"! In any case, it seems a prominent person mentioned in Acts did die in Hierapolis.
http://www.sacred-destinations.com/turkey/hierapolis-pamukkale.htm

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
CLAUD34LG.jpg
705a, Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D.62 viewsClaudius. 42-43 AD. AE As.
Claudius. 42-43 AD. AE As (29 mm, 10.87 g). Obverse: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP P P, bare head right; Reverse: CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI / S - C, Constantiae in military dress standing left, holding spear; RIC I, 111; aVF. Ex Imperial Coins.



De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

CLAUDIUS (41-54 A.D.)

Garrett G. Fagan
Pennsylvania State University

Ti. Claudius Nero Germanicus (b. 10 BC, d. 54 A.D.; emperor, 41-54 A.D.) was the third emperor of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. His reign represents a turning point in the history of the Principate for a number of reasons, not the least for the manner of his accession and the implications it carried for the nature of the office. During his reign he promoted administrators who did not belong to the senatorial or equestrian classes, and was later vilified by authors who did. He followed Caesar in carrying Roman arms across the English Channel into Britain but, unlike his predecessor, he initiated the full-scale annexation of Britain as a province, which remains today the most closely studied corner of the Roman Empire. His relationships with his wives and children provide detailed insights into the perennial difficulties of the succession problem faced by all Roman Emperors. His final settlement in this regard was not lucky: he adopted his fourth wife's son, L. Domitius Ahenobarbus, who was to reign catastrophically as Nero and bring the dynasty to an end. Claudius's reign, therefore, was a mixture of successes and failures that leads into the last phase of the Julio-Claudian line.

Robert Graves' fictional characterization of Claudius as an essentially benign man with a keen intelligence has tended to dominate the wider public's view of this emperor. Close study of the sources, however, reveals a somewhat different kind of man. In addition to his scholarly and cautious nature, he had a cruel streak, as suggested by his addiction to gladiatorial games and his fondness for watching his defeated opponents executed. He conducted closed-door (in camera ) trials of leading citizens that frequ