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Image search results - "Barb"
ALLECTUS-1.jpg
Allectus - AE quinarius or barbarous radiate - 293/296 - Mint of Camulodunum.
Ob.: IMP C ALLECTVS P F AVG; radiate and cuirassed bust right
Rev.: VIRTVS AVG; Galley
gs. 2,7 mm 19,2
Cohen 81, RIC 126 Scarce
1 commentsMaxentius
barb5.jpg
areich
barb2.jpg
areich
barb.jpg
areich
barb10.jpg
areich
barb9.jpg
areich
barb8.jpg
areich
barb7.jpg
areich
barb6.jpg
areich
barb14.jpg
areich
barb13.jpg
areich
barb12.jpg
areich
barb11.jpg
areich
barb15.jpg
areich
britannicus01.jpg
AE sestertius. Struck under Claudius, circa 50-54 AD, uncertain eastern provincial mint located in the modern-day Balkans.
Obv : TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG F BRITANNICVS, draped bust left.
Rev : - No legend, Mars advancing left, holding spear and shield, SC in fields. 35mm, 19.4g. Extremely Rare.

Ref : BMCRE 226
Cohen 2
RCV 1908, valued at $32,000 in Fine, which is a few multiples greater than any other sestertius issued during the several centuries the denomination was in use.
A large number of the surviving examples of this series (one may even suggest a majority of them), due to their rarity, have been subjected to modern alteration techniques such as smoothing, tooling, and repatination. As such, it's actually pleasant to see a bit of field roughness and a 'plain brown' patina of old copper on this example, evidence that it is just as ugly as it was the day it was last used in circulation back in Ancient Rome.
Britannicus, originally known as Germanicus after Claudius' older brother, was the emperor's original intended heir and natural son. Machinations by Agrippina II eventually saw Britannicus supplanted by her own son Nero, (by Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus) who took the throne upon Claudius' suspicious death. Britannicus himself died a few years later, reportedly poisoned by his step-brother. The future emperor Titus and Britannicus were close friends, and Titus became quite ill and nearly died after eating from the same poisoned dish that killed Britannicus.
R. Smits
var_c.jpg
Barbarian imitation...1 commentsverslaflamme
barteti.jpg
Barbarous Imitating Tetricus IObverse: radiated bust right.
Reverse: Salus standing left, holding rudder and feeding snake rising from altar.
11 mm., .9 g.
NORMAN K
Randy.JPG
Falling horsemanAll 15 official mints.
Alexandria
Amiens
Antioch
Aquileia
Arles
Constantinople
Cyzicus
Heraclea
Lyons
Nicomedia
Rome
Sirmium
Siscia
Thessalonica
Trier
Barbaous Mint

Updated coins with a new background (thanks Jay!)
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Philip_I_barbarous.jpg
2 Philip IPhilip I
AR Antoninianus
Barbarous Imitation
4.59g

I can't imagine this coin would have fooled many people!
1 commentsSosius
268_-_270_Claudius_II_Barb_Radiate_Pax.JPG
268 - 270, Roman Imitative Antoninianus (Barbarous Radiate), produced in Britain and the continent. Struck in the name of CLAUDIUS IIObverse: Unclear partial inscription. Radiate head of Claudius II facing right.
Reverse: Unclear partial inscription. Crude depiction of Pax standing facing left, right arm outstretched in front of her holding branch. Struck off-centre.
Hoard find from Northern England.
Diameter: 15mm | Weight: 1.6gms | Die Axis: 4
SPINK: 749

CLICK ON IMAGE BELOW FOR MORE INFO
*Alex
271_-_274_Tetricus_I_Barb_Radiate.JPG
271 - 274, Roman Imitative Antoninianus (Barbarous Radiate), produced in Britain and the continent. Struck in the name of TETRICUS IObverse: (TETR)ICVS P F AVG. Radiate head of Tetricus I facing right.
Reverse: (PA)X AVGG Crude depiction of Pax standing facing left, right arm outstretched in front of her and holding vertical spear in her left.
From a hoard found in Northern England.
Diameter: 14mm | Weight: 1.6gms | Die Axis: 6
SPINK: 749

CLICK ON IMAGE BELOW FOR MORE INFO
*Alex
Tetricus_II_as_Caesar.JPG
271 - 274, Roman Imitative Antoninianus (Barbarous Radiate), produced in Britain and the continent. Struck in the name of TETRICUS II as CAESARObverse: Blundered legend - - IVES - -. Radiate bust of Tetricus II facing right.
Reverse: Likely (PIETA)S AVG. Sacrificial Implements.
From an uncertain British location.
Diameter: 14.5mm | Weight: 2.29gms | Die Axis: 2
SPINK: 749

CLICK ON IMAGE BELOW FOR MORE INFO
*Alex
Tetricus_II_barb.JPG
274, Roman Imitative Antoninianus (Barbarous Radiate), produced in Britain and the continent. Struck in the name of TETRICUS II as AUGUSTUSObverse: (IMP C TET)RICVS AG. Radiate bust of Tetricus II facing right, seen from behind.
Reverse: Struck from extremely worn reverse die which possibly depicts Salus feeding serpent arising from altar.
Diameter: 14mm | Weight: 1.7gms | Die Axis: 6
SPINK: 749
RARE

This is an irregular issue (barbarous radiate) giving Tetricus II the title of Augustus rather than Caesar.
Interestingly the Historia Augusta makes this statement with regard to Aurelian's triumph in A.D.274. "In the procession was Tetricus also, arrayed in a scarlet cloak, a yellow tunic, and Gallic trousers, and with him his son, whom he had proclaimed in Gaul as Imperator." (Historia Augusta, xxxiv, iii). Imperator was a title that invariably, when referring to an Imperial figure, implied the rank of Augustus, but no regular official coinage issues of Tetricus II citing him as such are known.


CLICK ON IMAGE BELOW FOR MORE INFO
*Alex
841_-_849_AETHELRED_II_AE_Styca.JPG
841 - 849, ÆTHELRED II, Anglo-Saxon king of Northumbria, AE Styca, Struck 841 - 844 at York, EnglandObverse: + EDILRED REX around large Greek cross, small Greek cross in legend.
Reverse: + EANRED around small Greek cross. Small Greek cross in legend. Moneyer: Eanred.
Issue: First Reign, Phase II, Group Cii
Diameter: 13mm | Weight: 0.9gms | Die Axis: 12
SPINK: 865 | Pirie: 1374 (same dies)

The new styca coinage, small brass coins containing very little silver and much zinc introduced at the beginning of the century, continued to be minted in large quantities by a number of different moneyers at York during Æthelred's reign.

Æthelred II was king of Northumbria in the middle of the ninth century, but, as with his father, his dates are uncertain. Relatively little is known of Æthelred's reign from the surviving documentary record. He appears to have been expelled in favour of Rædwulf, whose reign is confirmed by the evidence of coinage. However, Rædwulf was killed that same year fighting against the Vikings and Æthelred was restored to power. Æthelred was assassinated a few years later, but no further details are known of his murder. Æthelred II was succeeded by Osberht.
N. J. Higham, reader of history at Manchester University and author of several books on the Anglo-Saxons dates Æthelred II's reign as from 840 until his death in 848, with an interruption in 844 when Rædwulf briefly usurped the throne. Barbara Yorke, Emeritus professor of Medieval history at the University of Winchester agrees, but dates his death slightly later to 848 or 849.


The Kingdom of Northumbria was a medieval Anglian kingdom in what is now Northern England and South-east Scotland. The name derives from the Old English Norþan-hymbre meaning "the people or province north of the Humber", Northumbria started to consolidate into one kingdom in the early seventh century when the two earlier territories of Deira and Bernicia united. At its height, the kingdom extended from the Humber Estuary in the south to the Firth of Forth (now in Scotland) in the north.
Northumbria ceased to be an independent kingdom in the mid-tenth century.
*Alex
Avitus__AE4.jpg
90 Avitus?AVITUS?
AE4/5, Rome mint

O: DN AVIT-VS PF AVG, bust right

R: VICTOR-IA AVGG, Victory standing, left, holding wreath and palm branch, RM in ex., S in left field

RIC X 2412 or 2413, R5. Sear (2014) 21581 or 21582 (extremely rare)

Like many late Roman coins, this could be a barbarous issue, but it has many of the features of genuine Avitus coins. Still not enough detail or legends to remove the question mark after Avitus, though!
Sosius
tetricus126.jpg
Barbaric imitative of Tetricus I, Similatr to RIC 126Obverse: IMP C TETRICVS PF AVG, radiated bust right.
Reverse: SALVS AVG, Salus standing left, holding patera in right hand and feeding snake rising from altar. In her left hand Salus holds a rudder or anchor.
14.8 mm., 1.9 g.
NORMAN K
barbarian.png
Barbarous Imitation of Constantine era coin ,Danubian CeltsLaureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right. Legend H H H H H H H T
Rev :H H H H H H H H H mint mark T? HII Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield
2 commentsBritanikus
septimius_sev.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS193 - 211 AD
Struck 196-198 AD, under governor Statilius Barbarus
AE 27 mm, 12.31 g
O: AV KAI CE CEVHPOC ΠE Laureate, draped, curiassed bust right
R: HΓE CTA BAPBAPOV ΦIΛIΠΠOΠOΛITΩN Emperor riding a galloping horse right with transverse spear and flowing mantle
Thrace,Philippopolis; cf Varbanov 1193 (same dies; said to be unpublished, in collection of O. Gavrailov)
laney
septimius_horseback.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS193 - 211 AD
Struck 196-198 AD, under governor Statilius Barbarus
AE 27 mm, 12.31 g
O: AV KAI CE CEVHPOC ΠE Laureate, draped, curiassed bust right
R: HΓE CTA BAPBAPOV ΦIΛIΠΠOΠOΛITΩN Emperor riding a galloping horse right with transverse spear and flowing mantle
Thrace,Philippopolis; cf Varbanov 1193 (same dies; said to be unpublished, in collection of O. Gavrailov)
laney
tetr_ii_pax_barb_b_res.jpg
(0273) TETRICUS II273-274AD
Billon antoninianus 15 x 16.5 mm; 2.18 g
O: Radiate and cuirassed bust right
R: Pax standing left, holding olive-branch and scepter
(probably barbarous radiate)
laney
constantius_ii_hut_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II324 - 337 AD as Caesar
337 - 361 AD as Augustus
struck ca 348 - 361 AD
AE 20 X 21 mm 4.08 g
O: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG bust left holding globe
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO helmeted soldier walking right, with head left, leading young barbarian out of hut; tree behind.
laney
quad_hand_3_res.jpg
(05) CLAUDIUS--QUADRANS (Hand)41 - 54 AD
AE QUADRANS 15 mm 2.20 g
Date: 41 AD
Obverse: Legend around hand left, holding pair of scales above P N R
Reverse: Legend around S dot C
(possibly barbarous imitative)
laney
LonginusDenarius.jpg
(504c) Roman Republic, L. Cassius Longinus, 63 B.C.Silver denarius, Crawford 413/1, RSC I Cassia 10, SRCV I 364, aVF, struck with worn dies, Rome mint, weight 3.867g, maximum diameter 20.3mm, die axis 0o, c. 63 B.C. Obverse: veiled bust of Vesta left, kylix behind, L before; Reverse: LONGIN III V, voter standing left, dropping tablet inscribed V into a cista.

The reverse of this Longinus denarius captures a fascinating moment when a Roman citizen casts his ballot. "The abbreviation III V [ir] indentifies Longinus as one of the three annually appointed mintmasters (officially called tres viri aere argento auro flando feriundo). A citizen is seen casting his vote into the urn. On the ballot is the letter 'U', short for uti rogas, a conventional formula indicating assent to a motion. The picture alludes to the law, requested by an ancestor of the mintmaster, which introduced the secret ballot in most proceedings of the popular court" (Meier, Christian. Caesar, a Biography. Berlin: Severin and Siedler, 1982. Plate 6).

The date that this denarius was struck possesses unique significance for another reason. Marcus Tullius Cicero (politician, philosopher, orator, humanist) was elected consul for the year 63 BC -- the first man elected consul who had no consular ancestors in more than 30 years. A "new man," Cicero was not the descendant of a "patrician" family, nor was his family wealthy (although Cicero married "well"). Cicero literally made himself the man he was by the power of the words he spoke and the way in which he spoke them. A witness to and major player during the decline of the Roman Republic, Cicero was murdered in 43 BC by thugs working for Marc Antony. But Cicero proved impossible to efface.

Cicero's words became part of the bed rock of later Roman education. As Peter Heather notes, every educated young man in the late Roman Empire studied "a small number of literary texts under the guidance of an expert in language and literary interpretation, the grammarian. This occupied the individual for seven or more years from about the age of eight, and concentrated on just four authors: Vergil, Cicero, Sallust and Terence" (Heather, Peter. The Fall of the Roman Empire: A New History of Rome and the Barbarians. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006. 17).


Plutarch: Cicero's Death

But in the meantime the assassins were come with a band of soldiers, Herennius, a centurion, and Popillius, a tribune, whom Cicero had formerly defended when prosecuted for the murder of his father. Finding the doors shut, they broke them open, and Cicero not appearing, and those within saying they knew not where he was, it is stated that a youth, who had been educated by Cicero in the liberal arts and sciences, an emancipated slave of his brother Quintus, Philologus by name, informed the tribune that the litter was on its way to the sea through the close and shady walks. The tribune, taking a few with him, ran to the place where he was to come out. And Cicero, perceiving Herennius running in the walks, commanded his servants to set down the litter; and stroking his chin, as he used to do, with his left hand, he looked steadfastly upon his murderers, his person covered with dust, his beard and hair untrimmed, and his face worn with his troubles. So that the greatest part of those that stood by covered their faces whilst Herennius slew him. And thus was he murdered, stretching forth his neck out of the litter, being now in his sixty-fourth year. Herennius cut off his head, and, by Antony's command, his hands also, by which his Philippics were written; for so Cicero styled those orations he wrote against Antony, and so they are called to this day.

When these members of Cicero were brought to Rome, Antony was holding an assembly for the choice of public officers; and when he heard it, and saw them, he cried out, "Now let there be an end of our proscriptions." He commanded his head and hands to be fastened up over the rostra, where the orators spoke; a sight which the Roman people shuddered to behold, and they believed they saw there, not the face of Cicero, but the image of Antony's own soul. And yet amidst these actions he did justice in one thing, by delivering up Philologus to Pomponia, the wife of Quintus; who, having got his body into her power, besides other grievous punishments, made him cut off his own flesh by pieces, and roast and eat it; for so some writers have related. But Tiro, Cicero's emancipated slave, has not so much as mentioned the treachery of Philologus.

Translation by John Dryden: http://intranet.grundel.nl/thinkquest/moord_cicero_plu.html

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
IMG_4551.jpg
0 Constantius II (Gaming Token?)Constantius II, AE3, 22mm, Rome mint. DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust left, holding globe, N behind bust / FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor nimbate and in military dress, with shield on left arm, on horseback galloping right, thrusting his spear at two barbarians wearing Phrygian helmets, who kneel before him with their arms raised towards him. N in right field. Mintmark R dot S. RIC VIII Rome 184 var (unlisted officina, RIC lists only officina T for this "R dot.. officina" issue.)4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
orbiana_den.jpg
001 Orbiana denarius duplicateSALL BARBIA ORBIANA AVG, diademed & draped bust right
CONCORDIA AVGG, Concordia seated left on throne, holding patera & double cornucopiae.
RSC 1,BMC 287-290
3.023 g, 6h
1 commentsmix_val
orb_den_red.jpg
001 Orbiana DenariusSALL BARBIA ORBIANA AVG, diademed & draped bust right
CONCORDIA AVGG, Concordia seated left on throne, holding patera & double cornucopiae.
RSC 1,BMC 287-290
3.191 g, 6h.
mix_val
orb_den_ae_red.jpg
001 Orbiana denarius but aeSALL BARBIA ORBIANA AVG, diademed & draped bust right
CONCORDIA AVGG, Concordia seated left on throne, holding patera & double cornucopiae.
Unlisted as AE
2.118 g, 1300h

mix_val
a39.jpg
001. Constantine I BarbarianConstantine AE3 Barbarian Constantine I the "Great"ecoli
coins76.JPG
001. Constantine I BarbarianConstantine AE3 Barbarian Constantine I the "Great"
ecoli
Sestertius_concord_seated_.jpg
004 Orbiana SestertiusSAL BARBIA ORBIANA AVG, diademed and draped bust right
CONCORDIA AVGVSTORVM S-C, Concord seated left holding patera and double cornucopiae.
RIC 655, Cohen 4; BMC 293-6
26.368 g, 12h
mix_val
Sestertius_concord_seated_2.jpg
004 Orbiana Sestertius duplicateSAL BARBIA ORBIANA AVG, diademed and draped bust right
CONCORDIA AVGVSTORVM S-C, Concord seated left holding patera and double cornucopiae.
RIC 655, Cohen 4; BMC 293-6
23.705 g, 12h
1 commentsmix_val
orbiana_As.jpg
005 Orbiana As SALL BARBIA ORBIANA AVG, diademed & draped bust right
CONCORDIA AVGVSTORVM, S-C in ex, Concordia seated left on throne, holding patera & double cornucopiae
9.654 g, 6h
Cohen 5, BMC 297-8.
mix_val
image_2.jpg
005a Orbiana As dupSALL BARBIA ORBIANA AVG, diademed & draped bust right
CONCORDIA AVGVSTORVM, S-C in ex, Concordia seated left on throne, holding patera & double cornucopiae.
Cohen 5, BMC 297-8.
weight, 10.15g; die axis, 6h
Some copper is showing through the patina but the coin is of very good style
mix_val
5514.jpg
005d. Agrippina IILYDIA, Hypaepa. Agrippina Jr., mother of Nero. Augusta, 50-59 AD. Æ 14mm (2.33 gm). Draped bust of Agrippina right / Cult statue of Artemis. RPC I 2541; SNG Copenhagen -.

Julia Vipsania Agrippina Minor or Agrippina Minor (Latin for "the younger") (November 7, AD 15 – March 59), often called "Agrippinilla" to distinguish her from her mother, was the daughter of Germanicus and Agrippina Major. She was sister of Caligula, granddaughter and great-niece to Tiberius, niece and wife of Claudius, and the mother of Nero. She was born at Oppidum Ubiorum on the Rhine, afterwards named in her honour Colonia Agrippinae (modern Cologne, Germany).

Agrippina was first married to (1st century AD) Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus. From this marriage she gave birth to Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus, who would become Roman Emperor Nero. Her husband died in January, 40. While still married, Agrippina participated openly in her brother Caligula's decadent court, where, according to some sources, at his instigation she prostituted herself in a palace. While it was generally agreed that Agrippinilla, as well as her sisters, had ongoing sexual relationships with their brother Caligula, incest was an oft-used criminal accusation against the aristocracy, because it was impossible to refute successfully. As Agrippina and her sister became more problematic for their brother, Caligula sent them into exile for a time, where it is said she was forced to dive for sponges to make a living. In January, 41, Agrippina had a second marriage to the affluent Gaius Sallustius Crispus Passienus. He died between 44 and 47, leaving his estate to Agrippina.

As a widow, Agrippina was courted by the freedman Pallas as a possible marriage match to her own uncle, Emperor Claudius, and became his favourite councillor, even granted the honor of being called Augusta (a title which no other queen had ever received). They were married on New Year's Day of 49, after the death of Claudius's first wife Messalina. Agrippina then proceeded to persuade Claudius to adopt her son, thereby placing Nero in the line of succession to the Imperial throne over Claudius's own son, Brittanicus. A true Imperial politician, Agrippina did not reject murder as a way to win her battles. Many ancient sources credited her with poisoning Claudius in 54 with a plate of poisened mushrooms, hence enabling Nero to quickly take the throne as emperor.

For some time, Agrippina influenced Nero as he was relatively ill-equipped to rule on his own. But Nero eventually felt that she was taking on too much power relative to her position as a woman of Rome. He deprived her of her honours and exiled her from the palace, but that was not enough. Three times Nero tried to poison Agrippina, but she had been raised in the Imperial family and was accustomed to taking antidotes. Nero had a machine built and attached to the roof of her bedroom. The machine was designed to make the ceiling collapse — the plot failed with the machine. According to the historians Tacitus and Suetonius, Nero then plotted her death by sending for her in a boat constructed to collapse, intending to drown Agrippina. However, only some of the crew were in on the plot; their efforts were hampered by the rest of the crew trying to save the ship. As the ship sank, one of her handmaidens thought to save herself by crying that she was Agrippina, thinking they would take special care of her. Instead the maid was instantly beaten to death with oars and chains. The real Agrippina realised what was happening and in the confusion managed to swim away where a passing fisherman picked her up. Terrified that his cover had been blown, Nero instantly sent men to charge her with treason and summarily execute her. Legend states that when the Emperor's soldiers came to kill her, Agrippina pulled back her clothes and ordered them to stab her in the belly that had housed such a monstrous son.

ecoli
Sestertius_alex_and_orbiana.jpg
006 Orbiana Sestertius SALL BARBIA ORBIANA AVG, diademed & draped bust right
CONCORDIA AVGVSTORVM, S C in exergue, Severus Alexander standing right, holding role & clasping hands with Orbiana, veiled, standing left.
Cohen 6, BMC 299-301
16.865 g, 12h
1 commentsmix_val
Sestertius_alex_and_orbitana_balk.jpg
006 Orbiana Sestertius SALL BARBIA ORBIANA AVG, diademed & draped bust right
CONCORDIA AVGVSTORVM, S C in exergue, Severus Alexander standing right, holding role & clasping hands with Orbiana, veiled, standing left.
Cohen 6, BMC 299-301
19.445 g, 12h
1 commentsmix_val
AS REPUBLICA annimo.jpg
01-01 - As Emision Anonima (211 - 206 A.C.)AE AS 34 mm 34.1 gr
Anv: Cabeza bifronte barbada y laureada de Jano - "I" (Marca de valor = 1 AS) sobre la cabeza.
Rev: Proa de galera a derecha - "ROMA" debajo e "I" en campo derecho.

Ceca: Roma
Referencias: Sear RCTV Vol.1 #627 Pag.191 - Craw RRC #56/2 - Syd CRR #143 - BMCRR #217
mdelvalle
Craw_56_2_AS_Anonimo.jpg
01-01 - As Emision Anonima (211 - 206 A.C.)AE AS 34 mm 34.1 gr
Anv: Cabeza bifronte barbada y laureada de Jano - "I" (Marca de valor = 1 AS) sobre la cabeza.
Rev: Proa de galera a derecha - "ROMA" debajo e "I" en campo derecho.

Ceca: Roma
Referencias: Sear RCTV Vol.1 #627 Pag.191 - Craw RRC #56/2 - Syd CRR #143 - BMCRR #217
mdelvalle
Semis Emision anonima.jpg
01-02 - Semis Emision Anonima (211 - 206 A.C.)AE Semis 28 mm 17.7 gr
Anv: Cabeza barbada y laureada de Saturno viendo a derecha - "S" (Marca de valor = Semis = 1/2 AS) detrás de la cabeza.
Rev: Proa de galera a derecha - "ROMA" debajo y "S" en campo superior.

Ceca: Roma
Referencias: Sear RCTV Vol.1 #766 Pag.207 - Craw RRC #56/3 - Syd CRR #144a - BMCRR #229 - Hannover #597
1 commentsmdelvalle
Craw_56_3_Semis_Anonimo.jpg
01-02 - Semis Emision Anonima (211 - 206 A.C.)AE Semis 28 mm 17.7 gr
Anv: Cabeza barbada y laureada de Saturno viendo a derecha - "S" (Marca de valor = Semis = 1/2 AS) detrás de la cabeza.
Rev: Proa de galera a derecha - "ROMA" debajo y "S" en campo superior.

Ceca: Roma
Referencias: Sear RCTV Vol.1 #766 Pag.207 - Craw RRC #56/3 - Syd CRR #144a - BMCRR #229 - Hannover #597
mdelvalle
Constans_hut2.jpg
010 - Constans (237-250 AD), AE 2 - RIC 92Obv: D N CONSTANS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, globe in hand.
Rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier draging barbarian from hut under tree.
Minted in Constantinople (CONSI* in exe, gamma in left upper field) 347-348 AD.
1 commentspierre_p77
RI_015c_img.jpg
015 - Claudius Ae AS - BarbarousAe AS
Obv:- TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, bare head left
Rev:- CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI S-C, Constantia, helmeted and in military dress, standing left, holding long spear in left hand
Minted in Rome. A.D. 41-50
Reference:- RIC 95, Cohen 14, BMC 140

The style looks a little crude and the legends lack uniformity though are quite legible. It is also light, weighing in at only 7.85 gms. The die orientation is 180 degrees.

Would appear to be an ancient imitation.
2 commentsmaridvnvm
AS M.ATILIUS SARANUS.jpg
02-10 - M. ATILIUS SARANUS (148 A.C.)AE AS 29 mm 20.4 gr
Anv: Cabeza bifronte barbada y laureada de Jano - "I" (Marca de valor = 1 AS) sobre la cabeza.
Rev: Proa de galera a derecha - "M.ATILI" arriba, "ROMA" debajo e "I" en campo derecho.

Ceca: Roma
Referencias: Sear RCTV Vol.1 #727 Pag.200 - Craw RRC #214/2a - Syd CRR #399 - BMCRR #692
mdelvalle
Craw_214_2a_AS_M_Atilivs.jpg
02-10 - M. ATILIUS SARANUS (148 A.C.)AE AS 29 mm 20.4 gr
Anv: Cabeza bifronte barbada y laureada de Jano - "I" (Marca de valor = 1 AS) sobre la cabeza.
Rev: Proa de galera a derecha - "M.ATILI" arriba, "ROMA" debajo e "I" en campo derecho.

Ceca: Roma

Referencias: Sear RCTV Vol.1 #727 Pag.200 - Craw RRC #214/2a - Syd CRR #399 - BMCRR #692
mdelvalle
Craw_459_1_Denario_Q_CAECILIUS_METELLUS_PIUS_SCIPIO.jpg
02-20 - Q. CAECILIUS METELLUS PIUS SCIPIO (47-46 A.C.) Quinto Cecilio Metelo Pio Corneliano Escipión Nasica
AR Denarius 18.2 mm 3.94 gr

Anv: "Q.METEL" sobre la Cabeza laureada de Jupiter viendo a derecha, barba y cabello rizado, "PIVS" debajo.
Rev: "SCIPIO" sobre un elefante avanzando hacia la derecha, "IMP" en exergo.

Escipión fue un comandante pompeyano de las fuerzas anti-Cesáreas. Fruto de esta colaboración fue el matrimonio de Pompeyo con su hija Cornelia (52 a. C.), que se convirtió en su quinta mujer.
Su sede se ubicaba en la capital provincial de Utica, cerca de Cartago, y esta es probablemente la ceca de la acuñación. Derrotado por las fuerzas de César, Escipión se suicidó en el año 46 A.C..


Acuñada durante los años 47 - 46 A.C.
Ceca: Utica - Norte de Africa

Referencias: Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1379 Pag.262 - Craw RRC #459/1 - Syd CRR #1046 - BMCRR (Africa) #1 - Vagi #77 - RSC Vol.1 Caecilia 47 Pag.21 - Babelon I #47 Pag.278
mdelvalle
Mac_Plus_Ultra__Potosi__1_R_1704_Y.jpg
03 - 04 - Virreynato FELIPE V (1700-1746) "Macuquina con PLVS VLTRA y Columnas sobre ondas de Mar"

1 Real de Plata Ley 917
20x18 mm

Anv: PHILIPPVS V D G HISPANIARVM REX (Felipe V por la gracia de Dios rey de las Españas) la leyenda, al tratarse de una macuquina, no es visible, alrededor de la cruz de Jerusalén con castillos y leones, con I (valor) encima, P (ceca) en campo izq., Y (Ensayador) en campo der. y 704 (fecha) debajo.
Rev: POTOSI EL PERV 1704 La leyenda, al tratarse de una macuquina, no es visible, alrededor de las 2 columnas y entre ellas en 3 líneas valor I entre P (marca de la ceca) e Y (ensayador), 2ª línea PLVS VLTRA, 3ª línea 704 entre Y (ensayador) y P (ceca).

Acuñada: 1704
Ensayador: Y - Diego de Ybarbouro
Ceca: Potosí - Hoy ubicada en Bolivia

Referencias: Maravedis.net #B-042-4
mdelvalle
Denarius MARCO ANTONIO y OCTAVIO.jpg
03-01 - MARCO ANTONIO y OCTAVIO (43 - 30 A.C.)2do. Triunvirato (43 - 30 A.C.)
AR Denario 17 x 18 mm 2.5 gr.

Anv: Cabeza desnuda de MARCO ANTONIO viendo a derecha - "M ANT·IMP AVG III VIR R·PC·M·BARBAT Q P" Leyenda alrededor del busto.
Rev: Cabeza desnuda de un joven e inmaduro OCTAVIO con incipiente barba viendo a derecha - "CAESAR·IMP·PONT·III·VIR·R·P·C·" Leyenda alrededor del busto.

Acuñada primavera/verano 41 A.C.
Ceca: Ephesus - Hoy Turquía
Moneyer: Barbatius Pollio

Referencias: Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1504 Pag.289 - Sear CRI #243 - Craw RRC #517/2 - Syd CRR #1181 - BMCRR (este) #100 - RSC Vol.1 #8a Pag.128 - Cohen Vol.1 #8 Pag.50 - Kestner #3793
mdelvalle
Craw_517_2_Denario_Marco_Antonio_y_Octavio.jpg
03-01 - MARCO ANTONIO y OCTAVIO (43 - 30 A.C.)2do. Triunvirato (43 - 30 A.C.)
AR Denario 17 x 18 mm 2.5 gr.

Anv: Cabeza desnuda de MARCO ANTONIO viendo a derecha - "M ANT·IMP AVG III VIR R·PC·M·BARBAT Q P" Leyenda alrededor del busto.
Rev: Cabeza desnuda de un joven e inmaduro OCTAVIO con incipiente barba viendo a derecha - "CAESAR·IMP·PONT·III·VIR·R·P·C·" Leyenda alrededor del busto.

Acuñada primavera/verano 41 A.C.
Ceca: Ephesus - Hoy Turquía
Moneyer: Barbatius Pollio

Referencias: Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1504 Pag.289 - Sear CRI #243 - Craw RRC #517/2 - Syd CRR #1181 - BMCRR (este) #100 - RSC Vol.1 #8a Pag.128 - Cohen Vol.1 #8 Pag.50 - Kestner #3793
mdelvalle
Ant_Pius_ANTONINVS-AVG-PI_VS-PP-TRP-COSIII_CLMN-EN-_____001_Q_6h_16mm_2,52g-s~0.jpg
035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), AR-Denarius, RIC III 064, Rome, CLEMENTIA-AVG, Clementia standing, Barbar !!!035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), AR-Denarius, RIC III 064, Rome, CLEMENTIA-AVG, Clementia standing, Barbar !!!
avers:- ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-PP-TR-P-COS-III, Laureate head right.
revers:- CL(E)MN-EN-TIA-AVG, Clementia standing holding patera and scepter.
exrg: -/-//--, diameter: 16mm, weight: 2,52g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date:140-144 A.D., ref: RIC-III-64-p-34, C-124, (Barbar !!!)
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Ant_Pius_ANTONINVS-AVG-PI_VS-PP-TRP-COSIII_CLMN-EN-_____001_Q_6h_16mm_2,52g-s.jpg
035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0064cvar., Rome, AR-Denarius, CLEMENTIA AVG, Clementia standing, Barbar Imitatio !!!035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0064cvar., Rome, AR-Denarius, CLEMENTIA AVG, Clementia standing, Barbar Imitatio !!!
avers:- ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-P-P-TR-P-COS-III, Laureate head right.
revers:- CL(E)MN-EN-TIA-AVG, Clementia standing holding patera and scepter.
exrg: -/-//--, diameter: 16mm, weight: 2,52g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date:140-144 A.D., ref: RIC-III-64cvar.-p-33, C-124, (Barbar Imitatio !!!)
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
037i_Barbar_Marc_Aurelius_AR-Den_VAIIVCCAR-TAIIAVCIIII_IIO-NOS_RIC-_C-_AD_Q-001_7h_16,5-17,5mm_2,59ga-s.jpg
037ai Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), AR-Denarius, RIC III 0429a (imitacio)(Ant.Pius), Rome, IIONOS, Honos standing facing, #1037ai Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), AR-Denarius, RIC III 0429a (imitacio)(Ant.Pius), Rome, IIONOS, Honos standing facing, #1
avers: IVAIIIVCCAR TAIIAVCIIII, bare head right. (Confused text)
reverse: IIONOS, Honos standing facing, head left, holding branch, and cornucopiae.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 25,7g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: A.D.,
ref: RIC III. 0429a (imitacio)(Ant.Pius), p- , RSC-,
Q-001
quadrans
011~1.JPG
041 GermanicusGermanicus, Caesar
Died 10 Oct 19 A.D.

Æ As struck under Claudius. GERMANICVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N, bare head right / TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P around S-C

Fair, 8.138g, 27.4mm, 180*, Rome min, 42 A.D., S 1905, RIC 106, BMC 215 ex Forvm ex Bill D.

"Germanicus inflicted serious defeats on the barbarian tribes in Germania and recovered the legionary standards lost by Varus. He was to be Tiberius' successor, but died of and unknown cause. His tremendous popularity helped his son Caligula ontain the throne after Tiberius died."

-----

"Such virtuous conduct brought Germanicus rich rewards. He was so deeply respected and loved by all his kindred that Augustus - I need hardly mention his other relatives - wondered for a long time wether to make him his successor, but at last ordered Tiberius to adopt him."
Randygeki(h2)
RI_049f_img.jpg
049 - Faustina Senior - Barbarous denarius - AVGVSTA?Barbarous Denarius
Obv:- FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, Draped bust right
Rev:- AVGVSTA?, Aeternitas standing holding sceptre
4 commentsmaridvnvm
Septimius-Severus_AR-Den_IMP-CAE-L-SEP-SE-V-PERT-AVG_ADVENTVS-AVGVSTI_RIC-IV-I--p_C-_-_AD_Q-001_6h_17,5mm_2,59g-s.jpg
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Barbar-Imitatio, RIC IV-I -, AR-Denarius, ADVENTI AVG FELICISSIMO ???, Emperor riding right, #1049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Barbar-Imitatio, RIC IV-I -, AR-Denarius, ADVENTI AVG FELICISSIMO ???, Emperor riding right, #1
avers: IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG (???), Laurate bust right.
reverse: ADVENTI AVG FELICISSIMO (???), Emperor riding right.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 2,59g, axis: 6h ,
mint: Barbar-Imitatio (???), date: A.D.,
ref: RIC IV-I (74?), p-, RSC-, S-, (???)
Q-001
quadrans
049_Septimius_Severus_RIC_IV-I_2C_AR-Den2C____L_SEPT_SEV_PERT_AVG____2C_MARTI_VICTORI2C_RSC-2CBarbar-Imitatio2C_AD2C_Q-0012C_6h2C_162C5-17mm2C_12C78g-s.jpg
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Barbar-Imitatio, RIC IV-I -, AR-Denarius, MARTI VICTORI, Mars walking right, #1049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Barbar-Imitatio, RIC IV-I -, AR-Denarius, MARTI VICTORI, Mars walking right, #1
avers: ... L SEPT SEV PERT AVG ... (???), Laureate bust right.
reverse: MARTI VICTORI, Mars walking right, holding spear and trophy.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5-17,0mm, weight: 1,78g, axis: 6h,
mint: Barbar-Imitatio (???), date: A.D.,
ref: RIC IV-I (???), p-, RSC-, S-, (???)
Q-001
quadrans
CRAW_519_Denario_Ahenobarbo.jpg
05-01 - Cn.DOMITIUS L.f. AHENOBARBUS (42 - 36 A.C.) Gneo Domicio Enobarbo bisabuelo de Nerón, político y militar .
AR Denarius 18x21 mm 3.8 gr

Anv: Cabeza masculina barbada viendo a derecha - "AHENOBAR" delante del busto.
Rev: Trofeo militar con 2 lanzas y escudo, sobre una proa de galera. "CN·DOMITIVS·IMP".

Acuñada en el 41 A.C.
Ceca móvil militar probablemente en la región de los mares Adriático ó Jónico.

Referencias: Sear RCTV I #1456 Pag.279, Craw RRC #519/2, Syd CRR #1177, BMCRR (East)#94, RSC I Domitia 21 Pag.45, Sear CRI #339, Babelon I Domitia 21 Pag.467, Catalli #841, Albert #1648
mdelvalle
60a.jpg
060a Orbiana. AR denariusobv: SALL BARBIA_ORBIANA AVG dia. and drp. bust r.
rev: CONCORDI_A AVGG Concordia seated l. holding patera and double cournucopiae
"Wife of Severus Alexander"
1 commentshill132
60b.jpg
060b Orbiana. AR denariusobv: SALL BARBIA ORBIANA AVG dia. and drp. bust r.
rev: CONCORDI_A AVGG corncordia seated l. holding patera and double cornucopiae
2 commentshill132
063_Orbiana,_(225-227_AD),_RIC_319v_,_Limes_Denarius,_SALL_BARBIA_ORBIANA_AVG,_CONCORDIA_AVGG,_RSC_1v_,_BMC_287v_,_225-226_AD,_Q-001,_6h,_18-19,5mm,_2,66g-s.jpg
063 Orbiana ( 225-227 A.D. Augusta), RIC IV-II 319v.(base metal!), Rome, "Limes" Denarius, CONCORDIA AVG G, Concordia seated left on throne, #1063 Orbiana ( 225-227 A.D. Augusta), RIC IV-II 319v.(base metal!), Rome, "Limes" Denarius, CONCORDIA AVG G, Concordia seated left on throne, #1
Wife of Severus Alexander.
avers: SALL BARBIA ORBIANA AVG, Diademed and draped bust right.
reverse: CONCORDI A AVG G, Concordia seated left on throne, holding patera and single(!) cornucopiae.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 18,0-19,5mm, weight: 2,66g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 225-226 A.D., ref: RIC IV-II 319v.(single cornucopiae!, base metal!), RSC 1v., BMC 287v., Sear 8191v.
Q-001
quadrans
063_Orbiana,_(225-227_AD),_RIC_319v_,_Limes_Denarius,_SALL_BARBIA_ORBIANA_AVG,_CONCORDIA_AVGG,_RSC_1v_,_BMC_287v_,_225-226_AD,_Q-001,_6h,_18-19,5mm,_2,66g-s~0.jpg
063 Orbiana ( 225-227 A.D. Augusta), RIC IV-II 319v.(base metal!), Rome, "Limes" Denarius, CONCORDIA AVG G, Concordia seated left on throne, #1063 Orbiana ( 225-227 A.D. Augusta), RIC IV-II 319v.(base metal!), Rome, "Limes" Denarius, CONCORDIA AVG G, Concordia seated left on throne, #1
Wife of Severus Alexander.
avers: SALL BARBIA ORBIANA AVG, Diademed and draped bust right.
reverse: CONCORDI A AVG G, Concordia seated left on throne, holding patera and single(!) cornucopiae.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 18,0-19,5mm, weight: 2,66g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 225-226 A.D., ref: RIC IV-II 319v.(single cornucopiae!, base metal!), RSC 1v., BMC 287v., Sear 8191v.
Q-001
quadrans
RI_064fx_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus Barbarous denarius (fouree core)Obv:- IMP CAE L SEP SEVRTIVS COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:- VICT AVG, Victory walking left, holding wreath in right hand, palm in left
Copying a coin minted in Emesa. A.D. 194 - 195
Ref:– copying RIC IV 424
maridvnvm
RI_064sx_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus barbarous denarius - copies RIC - (cf 484(a) Barbarous Denarius
Obv:– L SEPT SEVE PERT AVG IMP VIII, laureate head right
Rev:– MONE AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae
Barbarous copy imitating coins minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 196-197
Reference:– Copies similar to BMC 448 Note (citing Cohen 332 (no authority cited)). RIC - (cf 484(a) (rated S)). Cohen 332
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064fh_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus Barbarous Fouree denariusObv:- SEVERVS PIVS AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:- MINERV SANCT, Minerva standing left holding shield and inverted spear
Fouree with barbarous style using a reverse type not used in Rome for this emperor
maridvnvm
RI_064oa_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus Barbarous Imitation denariusObv:- L SEPT SEV PE-RT AVG IMP I - I or VII-I, laureate head right
Rev:- VICTORIA AVGVSTI, Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm.
Ancient imitation which apparently copies the style of Laodicea-ad-Mare
maridvnvm
RI_064tm_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus barbarous imitation denariusDenarius
Obv:- IMV (sic) CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:- LEG II ADIVT / TR P COS, Legionary eagle between two standards
Barbarous imitation of coins minted in Rome. A.D. 193
Reference:- cf RIC 5
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064ol_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus barbarous imitation denarius - copies RIC 428Obv:– IMP CAE L SEPT ERT AVT COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– VICTOR SEV-E-R AVG, Victory walking left, holding wreath in right hand, palm in left
Minted in unofficial mint
Reference:– copies (BMCRE 399. RIC IV 428 (S). RSC 749 )
maridvnvm
RI_064ka_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus Barbarous/Imitative DenariusObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SE_V PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– BO...-ETOIVC, Fides standing left, basket of fruit in right hand, corn ears in left
Copies a coin minted in Emesa. A.D. 194-195
Reference:– cf RIC IV 369

Ex Zach Beastley (Beast) collection
maridvnvm
RI_064gl_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus Barbarous/Imitative DenariusObv:–IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– T R P III IMP V COS II, Two captives seated at base of trophy
Copies a coin minted in Emesa. A.D. 194-195
Reference:– cf RIC IV 435
maridvnvm
RI_064ff_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus Barbarous/Imitative Denarius Obv:– IMP CAE L SEPT ERT AVT COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– IOVL SER ?? AVG, Jupiter?, seated left
Copies an emesa mint issue
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064er_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus Barbarous/Imitative DenariusObv:– IMP C L SEPTIMIV - S AVG [....], Laureate bust right
Rev:– PACI AI - GOSTI, Securitas seated left, resting left arm on chair, holding globe in right hand
maridvnvm
RI_064hg_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus Barbarous/Imitative Denarius (Fouree)Barbarous Fouree Denarius
Obv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, laureate head right
Rev:– P M TR P III COS III?? P P, Mars advancing right carrying spear and trophy
Copies an Emesa issue coin
maridvnvm
RI_064sj_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - BarbarousBarbarous Imitation Denarius
Obv:- SEVERVS AVG PART MAX, laureate head right
Rev:- VICT AG VG ??I, Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm.
Minted in barbarous imitation. A.D.
maridvnvm
RI_064rk_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - Barbarous imitationDenarius
Obv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG CO, Laureate head right
Rev:– VICT AVG TR P [COS II P P], Victory walking left, holding wreath in right hand, palm in left
Minted in Barbaric Imitation. Copying the style of Emesa
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064dj_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 114 var. (Barbarous imitation)Obv:– L SEP SEV PERT AVG IM C P X, Laureate head right
Rev:– MART[I V]IC, Mars standing front, head right, resting right hand on shield set on low base, spear in right hand.
RIC 114 var
This coin looks like it is a barbarous imitation of RIC 114. Whilst the style is quite pleasing the legends are quite severely blundered.

Ex. Forvm
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_065w_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna barbarous denarius - RIC -Obv:– IVLIA DO-MNA AVG, Draped bust right, hair tied in bun behind
Rev:– LIBE-RI AVG, Liberalitas seated left, holding accounting board and cornucopiae
Barbarous mint
Reference(s) – None. Appears to be Barbarous imitation of IV 627a.
maridvnvm
Maximinus-I_IMP-MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG_FIDES-MILITVM_RIC_7A,_RSC_7a(anc-barb-imitation-fouree)_Q-003_6h_18,5-19mm_2,66ga-s.jpg
065 Maximinus I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 007Ai, Rome, AR-Denarius, FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, ancient barbar imitation, fouree !!! #4065 Maximinus I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 007Ai, Rome, AR-Denarius, FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, ancient Barbar imitation, fouree !!! #4
avers: IMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG, Laureate, draped bust right, seen from behind.
revers: FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, a standard in each hand.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 19,5-20,5mm, weight: 2,55g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 235 A.D., ref: RIC IV-II 7Ai, p-, RSC 7ai, ancient Barbar imitation, fouree !!!
Q-004
1 commentsquadrans
Maximinus-I_IMP-MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG_FIDES-MILITVM_RIC_7A,_RSC_7a(anc-barb-imitation-fouree)_Q-003_6h_18,5-19mm_2,66ga-s~0.jpg
065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 007A, Rome, AR-Denarius, FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, ancient barbar imitation, fouree !!! #3065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 007A, Rome, AR-Denarius, FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, ancient barbar imitation, fouree !!! #3
avers:- IMP-MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG, Laureate, draped bust right, seen from behind.
revers:- FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, a standard in each hand.
exerg: , diameter: 19,5-20,5mm, weight: 2,55g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 235 A.D., ref: (RIC-IV-II-7A, p-, RSC-7a,) ancient barbar imitation, fouree !!!
Q-003
quadrans
Maximinus-I_IMP-MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG_FIDES-MILITVM_RIC_7A,_RSC_7a(anc-barb-imitation-fouree)_Q-003_6h_18,5-19mm_2,66ga-s~1.jpg
065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 007A, Rome, AR-Denarius, FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, ancient barbar imitation, fouree !!! #3065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 007A, Rome, AR-Denarius, FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, ancient barbar imitation, fouree !!! #3
avers:- IMP-MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG, Laureate, draped bust right, seen from behind.
revers:- FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, a standard in each hand.
exerg: , diameter: 19,5-20,5mm, weight: 2,55g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 235 A.D., ref: (RIC-IV-II-7A, p-, RSC-7a,) ancient barbar imitation, fouree !!!
Q-003
quadrans
RI 077bar1 img.jpg
077 - Barbarous Fouree Severus Alexander denarius Based on MARS VLTORObv:– IMP SVE AL[...] AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– MARS VLTOR, Mars advancing right, holding a spear and shield
maridvnvm
MariusFundania1Denarius.jpg
0aa Caius MariusC. Fundanius, moneyer
101-91 BC

Denarius

Helmeted head of Roma right, control-mark C behind

"Triumphator" (Marius) in quadriga right, holding laurel-branch and staff; a rider sits on near horse, holding laurel-branch, Q above, C FVNDAN in exergue

The reverse shows Marius as triumphator in the quadriga. He holds sceptre and laurel branch. On one of the horses rides his son. The children of the triumphator were - according to tradition - allowed to share the triumph of their father. The Q above refers to the office as quaestor the mintmaster held while minting these coins. FORVM Ancient Coins says of a similar piece, "The reverse refers to Marius triumph after victories over the Cimbri and Teutones. The rider on the near horse is Marius's son, at that time eight years old." Andrew McCabe comments, "The Triumphator on the Fundania denarius is usually taken to be Marius, with his young son on horseback. This would make it the first Roman coin to explicitly portray a living Roman politician. "

Seaby Fundania 1

Marius rose from common origins to become the First Man in Rome. Plutarch in his Life writes: There is a likeness of Marius in stone at Ravenna, in Gaul, which I myself saw quite corresponding with that roughness of character that is ascribed to him. Being naturally valiant and warlike, and more acquainted also with the discipline of the camp than of the city, he could not moderate his passion when in authority. . . . He was born of parents altogether obscure and indigent, who supported themselves by their daily labour; his father of the same name with himself, his mother called Fulcinia. He had spent a considerable part of his life before he saw and tasted the pleasures of the city; having passed previously in Cirrhaeaton, a village of the territory of Arpinum, a life, compared with city delicacies, rude and unrefined, yet temperate, and conformable to the ancient Roman severity. He first served as a soldier in the war against the Celtiberians, when Scipio Africanus besieged Numantia; where he signalized himself to his general by courage far above his comrades, and particularly by his cheerfully complying with Scipio's reformation of his army, being almost ruined by pleasures and luxury. It is stated, too, that he encountered and vanquished an enemy in single combat, in his general's sight. In consequence of all this he had several honours conferred upon him; and once when at an entertainment a question arose about commanders, and one of the company (whether really desirous to know, or only in complaisance) asked Scipio where the Romans, after him, should obtain such another general, Scipio, gently clapping Marius on the shoulder as he sat next him, replied, "Here, perhaps. . . ."

The consul Caecilius Metellus, being declared general in the war against Jugurtha in Africa took with him Marius for lieutenant; where, eager himself to do great deeds and services that would get him distinction, he did not, like others, consult Metellus's glory and the serving his interest, and attributing his honour of lieutenancy not to Metellus, but to fortune, which had presented him with a proper opportunity and theatre of great actions, he exerted his utmost courage. . . . Marius thus employed, and thus winning the affections of the soldiers, before long filled both Africa and Rome with his fame, and some, too, wrote home from the army that the war with Africa would never be brought to a conclusion unless they chose Caius Marius consul. . . .He was elected triumphantly, and at once proceeded to levy soldiers contrary both to law and custom, enlisting slaves and poor people; whereas former commanders never accepted of such, but bestowed arms, like other favours, as a matter of distinction, on persons who had the proper qualification, a man's property being thus a sort of security for his good behavior. . . .

[In Marius' fourth consulship,] The enemy dividing themselves into two parts, the Cimbri arranged to go against Catulus higher up through the country of the Norici, and to force that passage; the Teutones and Ambrones to march against Marius by the seaside through Liguria. . . . The Romans, pursuing them, slew and took prisoners above one hundred thousand, and possessing themselves of their spoil, tents, and carriages, voted all that was not purloined to Marius's share, which, though so magnificent a present, yet was generally thought less than his conduct deserved in so great a danger. . . . After the battle, Marius chose out from amongst the barbarians' spoils and arms those that were whole and handsome, and that would make the greatest show in his triumph; the rest he heaped upon a large pile, and offered a very splendid sacrifice. Whilst the army stood round about with their arms and garlands, himself attired (as the fashion is on such occasions) in the purple-bordered robe, and taking a lighted torch, and with both hands lifting it up towards heaven, he was then going to put it to the pile, when some friends were espied with all haste coming towards him on horseback. Upon which every one remained in silence and expectation. They, upon their coming up, leapt off and saluted Marius, bringing him the news of his fifth consulship, and delivered him letters to that effect. This gave the addition of no small joy to the solemnity; and while the soldiers clashed their arms and shouted, the officers again crowned Marius with a laurel wreath, and he thus set fire to the pile, and finished his sacrifice.
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