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Search results - "508"
13019_89_1.jpg
21 viewsTripura, Rajadhara Manikya, Tanka, 10.58g, Sk 1508, citing Queen Satyavati, similar to previous lot but different standard (type 'p'?), and no bead to the left of it (RB. 178; KM. 97)SpongeBob
27750816_527063031009880_2590155927822439707_n.jpg
5 viewsAntonivs Protti
27545080_527792667603583_1495211729121365165_n.jpg
7 viewsAntonivs Protti
27750834_527798880936295_5305962369438917354_n.jpg
8 viewsAntonivs Protti
27655099_528056937577156_5360250800335713009_n.jpg
7 viewsAntonivs Protti
wid.JPG
יהונתן YHONATHAN H MALEK BASILEWS ALEXANDROU53 viewsפרוטה
Lake Gennesaret Galilea Holy Land
Bohemian
dioclet_elpis_alexandria.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN28 views284 - 305 AD
Struck 292/293 (Year 9)
AE Tetradrachm 20 mm; 8.18 g
O: DIOKLHTIANOC CEB Laureate, cuirassed bust right
R: ENATOY Elpis advancing left, flower upward in right hand, hitching skirt with left,
L in right field; D in exergue
Egypt-Alexandria, Officina 4; Emmett 4046, Curtis 1990; Milne 5086; BMC 2503; Dattari 5675
laney
0039.jpg
0039 - Denarius Hadrian 136 AC36 viewsObv/HADRIANVS AVG COS III PP, Hadrian head laureate r.
Rev/NILVS, Nilus reclining l., leaning on sphinx, holding cornucopiae and reed; in front, hippopotamus, below, crocodile.

Ag, 18.06mm, 2.59g
Mint: Rome.
RIC II/310 [S] - RCV 3508 - BMCRE 862 - RSC 991.
ex-WCNC (vcoins)
1 commentsdafnis
RIC_I_227_Cuadrante_Octavio_Augusto.jpg
01-30 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)22 viewsAE Cuadrante de oricalco 18 mm 1.9 gr.

Anv: "IMP CAESAR" - a ambos lados del Busto laureado de Augusto viendo a derecha.
Rev: "AVGVSTVS" - sobre un águila estante de frente viendo a izquierda y con sus alas desplegadas.

Acuńada 10 A.C.
Ceca: en la Galia (Ceca auxiliar de Lugdunum ??)
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #227 Pag.57 - BMCRE #563 (=BMCRR Gaul #213) - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1707 Pag.334 - Cohen Vol.1 #29 Pag.66 - DVM #96 Pag.70 - RPC #508
mdelvalle
IMG_5080.JPG
012. Tiberius (14-37 A.D.) 39 viewsAv.: TI CAESAR AVGVST F IMPERAT VII
Rv.: ROM ET AVG (Altar of Lugdunum)

AE Dupondius Ř24 / 10.3g
RIC I 244 Lugdunum, BMCRE I 583
Juancho
RI_052f_img.jpg
052 - Faustina Junior denarius - RIC 508d (Pius)24 viewsObv:– FAVSTINA AVGVSTA AVG P II F, Draped bust left, hair pulled back and tied in bun behind neck
Rev:– PVDICITIA, Pudicitia, veiled, standing left, sacrificing over altar
Minted in Rome, Undated. A.D. 161-164
Reference:– BMCRE Group V. 1094 (Pius) citing H. M. Treasury (Allerton Bywater Hoard, 1924). RIC III 508d (Pius, Scarce, citing BM)
maridvnvm
Severus-Alexander_AR-Den_IMP-ALEXANDER-PIVS-AVG_PROVIDEN-TIA-AVG_RIC-IV-II_252-p-_C-508a_231-AD_Q-001_6h_18-20mm_2,66g-s.jpg
062 Alexander Severus ( 221-222 A.D. Caesar, 222-235 A.D. Augustus), RIC IV-II 252, Rome, AR-Denarius, PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing facing,65 views062 Alexander Severus ( 221-222 A.D. Caesar, 222-235 A.D. Augustus), RIC IV-II 252, Rome, AR-Denarius, PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing facing,
avers:-IMP-ALEXANDER-PIVS-AVG, Laureate bust right.
revers:-PROVIDEN-TIA-AVG, Providentia standing facing, head left, holding anchor and grain ears over modius.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18-20mm, weight: 2,66g, axis:6h,
mint: Rome, date: 231 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-252, p-_C-508a,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
IMG_5083.JPG
076. Caracalla (211-217 A.D.)22 viewsAv.: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM
Rv.: P M TR P XX - C-OS IIII P P

AR Antoninianus Ř22 / 3,8g
RIC IV 289f Rome, Cohen 383
Juancho
076_Philippus-II__AE-16_M_IVL_PHILIPPVS_CAES_C_F_P_D_Lion_Thrace-Deultum_Yur-508-B-II,_Varb-3129_Q-001_0h_15,5-17mm_3,06ga-s~0.jpg
076pa Philippus II. (244-7 A.D., Caes, 247-9 A.D. Aug.), Thrace, Deultum, Varb-3129, AE-16, C F/P D, Lion advancing right. #1135 views076pa Philippus II. (244-7 A.D., Caes, 247-9 A.D. Aug.), Thrace, Deultum, Varb-3129, AE-16, C F/P D, Lion advancing right. #1
avers:- M IVL PHILIPPVS CAES, Laureate head right.
revers:- C F/P D, Lion advancing right.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 15,5-17,0mm, weight: 3,06g, axis:0h,
mint: Thrace, Deultum, date: A.D., ref: Varbanov (engl.) 3129, Yorukova 508-B/II,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
RIC_508_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-PROBVS-AVG_MART-I-PACIF_I_star_Q-XXI_RIC-508_p-71_Ticinum-10th-emission_282-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 508, Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-H, I/*//QXXI, Mars walking left,161 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 508, Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-H, I/*//QXXI, Mars walking left,
avers: IMP-C-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle. (H)
revers: MART-I-PACIF, Mars walking left, holding olive-branch, spear and shield.
exerg: I/*//QXXI, diameter: 20,4-24,0mm, weight: 3,81g, axes: 0h,
mint: Ticinum, 10th-emission, date: 282A.D., ref: RIC V-II 508, p-71 ,
Q-001
This coin is part of the EQVITI series ("I") of Ticinum.
quadrans
RIC_508_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-PROBVS-AVG_MART-I-PACIF_I_Q-XXI_RIC-508_p-71_Ticinum-9th-emission_281-AD_Q-001_0h_22,5-24mm_3,01g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 508, Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-H, I/-//QXXI, Mars walking left, #194 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 508, Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-H, I/-//QXXI, Mars walking left, #1
avers: IMP C PROBVS AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle. (H)
revers: MART I PACIF, Mars walking left, holding olive-branch, spear and shield.
exerg: I/-//QXXI, diameter: 22,5-24mm, weight: 3,01g, axes: 0h,
mint: Ticinum, 9th-emission, date: 281A.D., ref: RIC V-II 508, p-71 ,
Q-001
This coin is part of the EQVITI series ("I") of Ticinum.
quadrans
RIC_508_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-PROBVS-AVG_MART-I-PACIF_I_Q-XXI_RIC-508_p-71_Ticinum-9th-emission_281-AD_Q-002_6h_22,0-24,5mm_4,19g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 508, Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-H, I/-//QXXI, Mars walking left, #2127 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 508, Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-H, I/-//QXXI, Mars walking left, #2
avers: IMP C PROBVS AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle. (H)
revers: MART I PACIF, Mars walking left, holding olive-branch, spear and shield.
exerg: I/-//QXXI, diameter: 22,0-24,5mm, weight: 4,19g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, 9th-emission, date: 281A.D., ref: RIC V-II 508, p-71 ,
Q-002
This coin is part of the EQVITI series ("I") of Ticinum.
2 commentsquadrans
IMG_5089.JPG
120. Saloninus (259 A.D.) 18 viewsAv.: SALON VALERIANVS CAES
Rv.: PIETAS AVG

AR Antoninianus Ř23 / 3.4g
RIC V-1 9 Cologne, Cohen 41,
Sear5 10767, Elmer 69/107
Juancho
RI 132m img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 508 - Bust Type H (Ticinum) (I | _ / QXXI)28 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– MARTI PACIF, Mars walking left, holding olive-branch, spear and shield
Minted in Ticinum (I in left field, QXXI in exe), Emission 9, Officina 4. A.D. 281
Reference:– RIC 508 Bust type H
Part of coded EQVITI series (first I)
maridvnvm
RI_132xf_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 508- Bust Type H22 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– MARTI PACIF, Mars walking left, holding olive-branch, spear and shield
Minted in Ticinium (I | * / QXXI), Emission 10, Officina 4. A.D. 282
Reference(s) – RIC 508 Bust type H

Part of EQVITI series II (I)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Licinius-II__AE-3-Sivered_LICINIVS-IVN-NOB-CAES-6-B4-l__VIRTVS-EXERCIT_S-F_VOT-XX_dot-TS-dot-A-dot_RIC-79-p508-1th_-off_-R2_Thessalonica_320-AD__Q-001_axis-0h_18mm_3_19g-s.jpg
133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 079, S/F//•TS•A•, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, S-F, VOT/XX, R2!!,83 views133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 079, S/F//•TS•A•, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, S-F, VOT/XX, R2!!,
avers:- LICINIVS IVN NOB CAES, 6a, B4, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left, .
revers:- VIRTVS EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/XX, captive sit in ground on either side, S and F left and right side in fields.
exergo: S/F//•TS•A•, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,34g, axis: 0h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC VII 79, p-509, R2!!,
Q-001
quadrans
maravedis9_copy.jpg
1641 / 1652 Felipe IV24 views1641 / 1652 AD, Felipe IV, Madrid (?), 8 Maravedis. Clemente-Cayon 5088 / 5093 var. (?).Molinari
1997-161-179_ProbusMartiPacif-Forum.jpg
1997.161.17919 viewsTicinum, 4.29 g

Obverse: IMP C PROBVS AVG; Radiate, wearing Imperial Mantle, bust left, holding in right hand scepter surmounted by eagle.
Reverse: MARTI PACIF; I| /QXXI; Mars advancing left, holding olive branch in raised right hand and carrying spear in left; shield over left shoulder.
Ref: RIC 508; Pink VI/1, pg 67, 9th emission, 281 AD, part of EQVITI series for Ticinum.
1 commentsgordian_guy
marius-victoriaaug-2.JPG
1er Emission - Cologne - (269)18 viewsIMP C M AVR MARIVS AVG
VICTORIA AVG
buste drapé et cuirassé
Victoire marchant gauche
EG 179
Cunetio 2508
RIC 17
Elmer 637
AGK 7a
de Witte ...
Cohen (19)
PYL
image~8.jpg
201. Septimius Severus32 viewsSeptimius Severus. A.D. 193-211. Ć sestertius (29.5 mm, 19.80 g, 11 h). Rome, A.D. 194. L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP III, laureate head right / MONET AVG COS II P P, SC, the three Monetae standing left, each holding scales and cornucopias. RIC 670; BMCRE 508. aVF, scarce.ecoli
caracalla_RIC225.jpg
213 AD - CARACALLA denarius35 viewsobv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT (laureate head right)
rev: PROFECTIO AVG (Caracalla in military dress standing right, holding spear; behind two standard)
ref: RIC IVi 225 (S), RSC 508 (10frcs)
mint: Rome
2.57gms, 19mm
Scarce

This coin is commemorate the departure for a short visit to Gallia and a campaing along the borders of Upper Germany and Raetia.
Historical backround: During the German war (213 AD), the emperor visited the shrine of the Celtic healing-god Grannus.
In classical Celtic polytheism, Grannus was a deity associated with spas, the sun, fires and healing thermal and mineral springs. He seems to have embodied the notion of therapeutic heat. One of the god’s most famous cult centres was at Aquae Granni (now Aachen, Germany). Aachen means ‘water’ in Old High German, a calque of the Roman name of "Aquae Granni".
berserker
24w-Helena-Tre-508.jpg
24w. Helena: Treveri.13 viewsAE3, 327 - 328, Treveri mint.
Obverse: FL HELENA AVGVSTA / Diademed bust of Helena.
Reverse: SECVRITAS REIPVBLICE / Securitas standing, holding branch in right hand, and raising pallium with left hand.
Mint mark: PTRE
3.19 gm., 18 mm.
RIC #508; LRBC #41; Sear #16594.
Callimachus
508_P_Hadrian_BMC10.jpg
2516 PHRYGIA, Tiberiopolis. Hadrian, Apollo standing22 viewsReference.
RPC III, 2516; Cf. BMC 10 (reverse legend); Cf. Aulock, Phrygien 2, 1239-47 (various legends).
http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/3/2516/11/

Magistrate T. Ailius Flavianus Sôsthenes (archon)

Obv: AV KAI AΔΡΙΑΝΟC.
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, wearing Aegis.

Rev: EΠΙ T AIΛIOY COCΘEN / TIBE.
Apollo naked standing l., holding laurel-branch in his r. hand, his l. elbow resting on column.

8.54 g
25 mm
6h
okidoki
1779766_745860845450829_7800872537179818972_n.jpg
260 Claudius II20 viewsClaudius II
Ć Antoninianus
Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint

IMP CLAVDIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse PAX AVG, Pax walking left, extending olive-branch in right hand, long transverse scepter in left, T in ex

RIC V 157, SRCV 3215, Cohen 202
Randygeki(h2)
10734263_745860875450826_1812360881337081506_n.jpg
260 Claudius II17 viewsClaudius II
Ć Antoninianus

Mediolanum (Milan) mint, 2nd officina, 2nd emission, (mid 269 – spring 270 A.D.)

Obv: IMP CLAVDIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped bust of Claudius II right
Rev: FIDES MILIT, S in ex , Fides standing left holding standards in each hand
RIC 149
Randygeki(h2)
664_P_Hadrian_RPC2807.jpg
2807 PISIDIA, Cremna. Hadrian Ae. 20 Genius standing5 viewsReference. Very rare
RPC 3, 2807; SNG von Aulock 5083.

Obv: ADRIANVS AVGVSTVS.
Laureate and draped bust right.

Rev: GENIO COL CRE.
Genius of the colony standing facing, head l., wearing kalathos and long chiton, holding patera in his r. hand, l. on his hIp; in r. field, vexillum.

4.92 gr
20 mm
h
okidoki
coin508.JPG
314. Claudius II37 viewsMarcus Aurelius Claudius Gothicus (May 10, 213/214 - January, 270), more often referred to as Claudius II, ruled the Roman Empire for less than two years (268 - 270), but during that brief time, he was so successful and beloved by the people of Rome that he attained divine status.

His origin is uncertain. Claudius was either from Syrmia (Sirmium; in Pannonia Inferior) or from Dardania (in Moesia Superior). Claudius was the commander of the Roman army that defeated decisively the Goths at the battle of Naissus, in September 268; in the same month, he attained the throne, amid charges, never proven, that he murdered his predecessor Gallienus. However, he soon proved to be less than bloodthirsty, as he asked the Roman Senate to spare the lives of Gallienus' family and supporters. He was less magnanimous toward Rome's enemies, however, and it was to this that he owed his popularity.

Claudius, like Maximinus Thrax before him, was of barbarian birth. After an interlude of failed aristocratic Roman emperors since Maximinus's death, Claudius was the first in a series of tough soldier-emperors who would eventually restore the Empire from the Crisis of the third century.

At the time of his accession, the Roman Empire was in serious danger from several incursions, both within and outside its borders. The most pressing of these was an invasion of Illyricum and Pannonia by the Goths. Not long after being named emperor (or just prior to Gallienus' death, depending on the source), he won his greatest victory, and one of the greatest in the history of Roman arms.

At the Battle of Naissus, Claudius and his legions routed a huge Gothic army. Together with his cavalry commander, the future Emperor Aurelian, the Romans took thousands of prisoners, destroyed the Gothic cavalry as a force and stormed their chariot laager (a circular alignment of battle-wagons long favored by the Goths). The victory earned Claudius his surname of "Gothicus" (conqueror of the Goths), and that is how he is known to this day. More importantly, the Goths were soon driven back across the Danube River, and a century passed before they again posed a serious threat to the empire.

While this was going on, the Germanic tribe known as the Alamanni had crossed the Alps and attacked the empire. Claudius responded quickly and swiftly, routing the Alamanni at the Battle of Lake Benacus in the late fall of 268, a few months after the battle of Naissus. He then turned on the "Gallic Empire", ruled by a pretender for the past 15 years and encompassing Britain, Gaul and Spain. He won several victories and soon regained control of Spain and the Rhone river valley of Gaul. This set the stage for the ultimate destruction of the Gallic Empire under Aurelian.

However, Claudius did not live long enough to fulfill his goal of reuniting all the lost territories of the empire. Late in 269 he was preparing to go to war against the Vandals, who were raiding in Pannonia. However, he fell victim to an epidemic of plague and died early in January of 270. Before his death, he is thought to have named Aurelian as his successor, although Claudius' brother Quintillus briefly seized power.

The Senate immediately deified Claudius as "Divus Claudius Gothicus", making him one of the few Roman emperors of the period to be so honored.

Historia Augusta reports Claudius and Quintillus having another brother named Crispus and through him a niece. Said niece Claudia reportedly married Eutropius and was mother to Constantius Chlorus. Historians however suspect this account to be a genealogical fabrication by Constantine the Great.

Claudius II Gothicus AE Antoninianus. Cyzicus mint. IMP CLAVDIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped bust right / FORTUNA REDUX, Fortuna standing left with rudder & cornucopiae. RIC 234, Cohen 88.
ecoli
coin203.JPG
508. Julian II33 viewsJulian II, the Apostate. 361-363 AD.

...Thus an ignominious end for a man came about who had hoped to restore the glory of the Roman empire during his reign as emperor. Due to his intense hatred of Christianity, the opinion of posterity has not been kind to Julian. The contemporary opinion, however, was overall positive. The evidence shows that Julian was a complex ruler with a definite agenda to use traditional social institutions in order to revive what he saw as a collapsing empire. In the final assessment, he was not so different from any of the other emperors of the fourth century. He was a man grasping desperately to hang on to a Greco-Roman conception of leadership that was undergoing a subtle yet profound change.

28mm (8.57 gm). Siscia mint. Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right / Bull standing right, two stars above; ASISC. RIC VIII 419; LRBC--. VF. Ex-CNG
1 commentsecoli
coin518.JPG
508. Julian II VOTA Sirmium9 viewsSirmium

Sirmium was one of the oldest cities in Europe. Archaeologists have found a trace of organized human life dating from the 5000 BC.

When the Romans conquered the city in the 1st century BC, Sirmium already was a settlement with a long tradition.

In the 1st century, Sirmium gained a status of a colony of the citizens of Rome, and became a very important military and strategic location in Pannonia province. The war expeditions of Roman emperors Traian, Marcus Aurelius, and Claudius II, were prepared in Sirmium.

In 103, Pannonia was split into two provinces: Upper Pannonia and Lower Pannonia, and Sirmius became the capital city of Lower Pannonia.

In 296, Diocletian operated a new territorial division of Pannonia. Instead of previous two provinces, there were four new provinces established in former territory of original province: Pannonia Prima, Pannonia Valeria, Pannonia Savia and Pannonia Secunda. Capital city of Pannonia Secunda was Sirmium.

In 293, with the establishment of tetrarchy, the Roman Empire was split into four parts; Sirmium become one of the four capital cities of Roman Empire, the other three being Trier, Mmediolanum, and Nicomedia. During the tetrarchy, Sirmium was the capital of emperor Galerius. With the establishment of praetorian prefectures in 318, the capital of the prefecture of Illyricum was Sirmium. Sirmium was capital of this prefecture until 379, when the prefecture was divided politically into Eastern and Western Illyricum. The western part (including Sirmium) was included into prefecture of Italia. The eastern part of Illyricum remained a separate prefecture with the capital in Thessalonica.

The city also was an important Christian centre. Several Christian councils were held in Sirmium.

008. Julian II Sirmium

RIC VIII Sirmium 108 ASIRM???

ecoli
720_P_Hadrian_Emmett834_02_star.JPG
5080 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 117-18 AD Eagle standing right19 viewsReference.
Emmett 834.02; RPC III, 5080; Dattari. 1554; Köln 742

Issue L B = year 2

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟС ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder; to r., star

Rev. L Β
Eagle standing, r., on thunderbolt


12.84 gr
25 mm
12h
okidoki
1015_P_Hadrian_RPC5084.jpg
5084 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 117-18 AD Hermes22 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5084/2; Dattari-Savio Pl. 67, 1388 (this coin). Dattari 1388 and Pl. XVI (this rev. Illustrated); Emmett 860.5

Issue L B = year 2

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟС ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СƐΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, r., drapery on l. shoulder; to r., star

Rev. L Β
Bare head right, drapery on left shoulder, and over back of neck (no caduceus)

15.00 gr
24 mm
12h

Note.
From the Dattari collection. Apparently unique and illustrated in Dattari.
3 commentsokidoki
487_P_Hadrian_Emmett889_2.JPG
5088 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 117-18 AD Sarapis bust13 viewsReference.
Emmett 889.2; RPC III, 5088 Köln 1150; Dattari 1465 var.

Issue L B = year 2

Obv. AΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΙΑΝΟС ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СƐΒ (sic)
Laureate head of Hadrian, right, drapery on left shoulder; to right, star in front.

Rev. L B
Draped bust of Sarapis, wearing kalathos and laurel wreath, right.

13.32 gr
24 mm
12h
okidoki
21-Galerius-Nic-54a.jpg
54 Galerius as Augustus: Nicomedia follis.22 viewsFollis, 308 - 310 AD, Nicomedia mint.
Obverse: IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG / Laureate bust of Galerius.
Reverse: GENIO AVGVSTI CMH / Genius standing, pouring from patera and holding cornucopiae.
Mint mark: SMND
6.61 gm., 24.5 mm.
RIC #54a; PBCC #964; Sear #14508.

The meaning of the CMH ligature in the reverse inscription is a mystery. It is found on coins from the mints of Nicomedia and Cyzicus. It is generally thought to refer to the value of the coin. One possible suggestion is that it means 100 (C) sestertii struck at a new weight of 48 to the pound (Greek M = 40; Greek H = 8).
Callimachus
968_P_Hadrian_Emmett964_15.jpg
5778 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Drachm 130-31 AD Alexandria, standing head bowed33 viewsReference.
Emmett 964.15; RPC III, 5778; Köln 1035; Dattari (Savio) 7545; K&G 32.508

Issue L IE = year 15

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ - ΤΡΑΙ ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
Laraureate draped and cuirassed bust of Hadrian, r., seen from front

Rev. L ΙΕ
Alexandria, head bowed, standing, r.; to r., Emperor (Hadrian), laureate-headed, wearing toga, standing facing, head l., holding sceptre.

26.84 gr
33 mm
12h

Note.
Ex Steve P
CNG 388, Lot: 339
3 commentsokidoki
17499036_10155130508397232_1132914402545605160_n.jpg
8. Antiochos IV Epiphanes10 viewsSELEUKID KINGS of SYRIA. Antiochos IV Epiphanes. 175-164 BC. Antioch on the Kallirhoe (Edessa) mint. Struck circa 168-164 BC. Radiate and diademed head of Antiochos IV right / Zeus standing left, holding eagle and scepter; monogram to outer left. SC 1499; HGC 9, 672.ecoli
17201161_10155082101002232_969458260036681201_n.jpg
8. Antiochos IV Epiphanes15 viewsSELEUKID KINGS of SYRIA. Antiochos IV Epiphanes. 175-164 BC. Ć . “Egyptianizing” series. Antioch mint. Struck 169-168 BC. Head of Isis right, wearing tainia / Eagle with closed wings standing right on thunderbolt. SC 1414; HGC 9, 644.1 commentsecoli
Antoniniano Salonina RIC 86.jpg
83-05 - SALONINA (254 - 268 D.C.)49 viewsBillon Antoniniano 21 x 19 mm 2.6 gr.
Esposa de Galieno y madre de Valeriano II y Salonino

Anv: "SALONINA AVG" - Busto diademado y vestido, viendo a derecha y descansando sobre una media luna.
Rev: "VENVS AVG" - Venus de pié a izquierda, portando un casco en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido y lanza transversal en izquierda. "PXV" en exergo.

Acuńada 15ava. Emisión 267 D.C.
Ceca: Antiochia (Off.8va.) - Hoy Antaklyah Siria

Referencias:
Göbl #1671 I1 - RIC Vol.V Parte I #86 Pag.200 - Sear RCTV Vol.III #10654 - Cohen Vol.V #113 Pag.508 - DVM #45 Pag.252 - RSC Vol.IV #113 Pag.115
mdelvalle
Göbl_1671l_Antoniniano_Salonina.jpg
83-08 - SALONINA (254 - 268 D.C.)15 viewsVellón Antoniniano 21 x 19 mm 2.6 gr.
Esposa de Galieno y madre de Valeriano II y Salonino

Anv: "SALONINA AVG" - Busto diademado y vestido, viendo a derecha y descansando sobre una media luna.
Rev: "VENVS AVG" - Venus de pié a izquierda, portando un casco en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido y lanza transversal en izquierda. "PXV" en exergo.

Acuńada 15ava. Emisión 267 D.C.
Ceca: Antiochia (Off.8va.) - Hoy Antaklyah Siria

Referencias: Göbl #1671 I1 - RIC Vol.V Parte I #86 Pag.200 - Sear RCTV Vol.III #10654 Pag.328 - Cohen Vol.V #113 Pag.508 - DVM #45 Pag.252 - RSC Vol.IV #113 Pag.115 - Hunter #33
mdelvalle
Mario_VICTORIA_AVG.jpg
90 - 01 - MARIO 268 D.C.64 viewsAE Antoninianus 21 mm 2.82 gr.

Anv: "IMP C M AVR MARIVS AVG" - Busto radiado, vistiendo coraza y paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a der.
Rev: "VICTO[RIA] AVG" - Victoria avanzando a izq., portando una corona de hojas de olivo en mano der. y hoja de palma en izq.

Acuńada 268 D.C.
Ceca: II Indeterminada
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.Vb #17 Pag.378 - Sear RCTV Vol.III #11123 Pag.378 - Cohen Vol.VI #19 Pag.89 - DVM #7 Pag.269 - Cunetio #2508/9 - Hunter #9 - Schulzki #7b - AGK #7a/8a - Elmer #637/8/9 - Mairat #239
1 commentsmdelvalle
AchaeanLeague_Patrai_Benner49.jpg
Achaean League, Patrai.11 viewsAchaean League, Patrai in Achaia . 196-146 BC. AR Hemidrachm (2.32 gm). Laureate head of Zeus Amarios, r. / Large AX monogram, ΦI above, Ξ to l., ΠA to r., and dolphin below. nEF. Benner 49; BCD Peloponessos 508.4-5; HGC 5 #55; SNG Cop 253.Christian T
patras2.jpg
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Patrai-Patras. 88-30 BC.70 views AR hemidrachm. 15mm 2.16g.
Laureate head Zeus right/ Achaian league monogram. XE SW PA across fields. dolphin below. All within laurel wreath tied at bottom.
VF. Toned. BCD 508.7 (this coin); Clerk 81; Benner-Patrai-51 (this coin). exBeast Coins.
2 commentsCGPCGP
IMG_0005~1.jpg
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Patrai-Patras. 88-30 BC.51 viewsAR hemidrachm. 16mm 2.4g
obv: Laureate head Zeus right
rev: Achaian league monogram. Monograms and letters across fields. dolphin below. All within laurel wreath tied at bottom.

BMC 42; McClean 6409-10; SNG Cop 252; Leake 3643-5; Clerk 77/15 & 78/16; BCD 508.6.

3 commentsDino
Patrai.jpg
ACHAIA, Achaian League. Patra c. 86 B.C.11 viewsACHAIA, Achaian League. Patrai. Circa 86 B.C. AR Triobol – Hemidrachm (14.2mm, 2.30 g,). Obv: Laureate head of Zeus right. Rev: Achaian League monogram; above, AP monogram; ΞE and ΠA flanking; below, dolphin swimming right; all within laurel wreath. Benner 47; BCD Peloponnesos 508.6; HGC 5, 55.ddwau
Patrai_Hemidrachm_adj.jpg
Achaian League, Patrai, ca. 86 BC, AR Hemidrachm 6 viewsLaureate head of Zeus right.
Wreath surrounding AX monogram in centre; ΦΙ above, ΞE to left, ΠA to right, dolphin swimming right below.

BCD Peloponnesos 508.4; HGC 5, 55.

(15 mm, 2.32 g, 11h).
Jencek Historical Enterprise; ex- BCD Collection (private sale); ex- Coin Art, Feb. 1974 per BCD ticket.
n.igma
sb186624mm508g.jpg
AE follis Romanus IV Diogenes, SB 186617 viewsObverse:. IC-XC over NI-KA to left and right of bust of Christ facing, dotted cross behind head, holding book of Gospels with both hands.
Reverse: C-R P-Delta in the four angles of a cross with globe and two dots at each extremity, X in the centre.
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1034-1041 CE
SB 1866
24mm, 5.05gg
wileyc
12187643_1022107541145388_3508276178395110819_n.jpg
Aeolis, Aegae AE17. 2nd - 1st Century BC. 15 viewsLaureate head of Apollo right [c/m eagle with spread wings in round countermark] / AIGAEWN, goat standing right. BMC 10, SNG Cop 10.
17mm, 3,8 gr.
Antonivs Protti
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Alexander Severus Silver Denarius 39 views59850. Silver denarius, SRCV II 7923, RIC IV 252, RSC III 508a, BMCRE VI 813, VF, scratches, 3.143g, 19.8mm, 0o, Rome mint, 231 - 235 A.D.;

obverse IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, laureate bust right with drapery on left shoulder;

reverse PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia (or Annona) standing left, stalks of grain in right over modius, anchor in left

Annona with a modius and anchor suggests the arrival of grain by sea from the provinces, especially from Africa, and its distribution to the people. When Severus Alexander was away on his Persian and German campaigns (231-235) he continuously struck Annona types. With the legend PROVIDENTIA AVG, "The Foresight of the Emperor," he assured that, though he was away, he would be carefully monitoring Rome's grain supply!
1 commentsColby S
Alexander the Great - Lifetime issue.jpg
Alexander the Great - Lifetime issue26 viewsSilver drachm, Price 2544, VF, slightly porous, Lydia, Sardes mint, 4.179g, 16.41mm, 0o, c. 334 - 323 A.D.; obverse head of Herakles right clad in lion's scalp; reverse , Zeus enthroned left, eagle in right, scepter in left, male head left in Phrygian cap left, trisceles under throneDumanyu2
coin162.JPG
Alexandria, Egypt; Trajan Decius15 viewsEGYPT. Alexandria. Trajan Decius. 249-251 AD. Billon Tetradrachm. Dated year 1 (249/250 AD). Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / Serapis standing facing, head turned right, holding scepter in right hand. Köln 2814; Dattari 5087; Milne 3804; Curtis 1433; Emmett 3644ecoli
coin168.JPG
Alexandria, Egypt; Trajan Decius11 viewsEGYPT. Alexandria. Trajan Decius. 249-251 AD. Billon Tetradrachm. Dated year 1 (249/250 AD). Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / Serapis standing facing, head turned right, holding scepter in right hand. Köln 2814; Dattari 5087; Milne 3804; Curtis 1433; Emmett 3644ecoli
coin174.JPG
Alexandria, Egypt; Trajan Decius.11 viewsEGYPT. Alexandria. Trajan Decius. 249-251 AD. Billon Tetradrachm. Dated year 1 (249/250 AD). Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / Serapis standing facing, head turned right, holding scepter in right hand. Köln 2814; Dattari 5087; Milne 3804; Curtis 1433; Emmett 3644ecoli
050804.jpg
ANTIQUITIES, Roman, Bronze Ring, c.1st - 3rd Century A.D.124 viewsAncient roman bronze ring, c. 1st-3rd centuries A.D.
U.S. size 8 1/2, fully wearable.
ancientcoins
Antoninus_Pius_Liberalitas_RIC_776~0.JPG
Antoninus Pius Liberalitas RIC 77654 viewsAntoninus Pius, sestertius, Rome, 45 - 147 AD, BMC 1695, Cohen 508, RIC 776
OBV: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS IIII, Laureate head right Head
REV: LIBERALITAS AVG V S C, Liberalitas standing left holding account board and cornucopia
Romanorvm
sistertiii_154.JPG
Antoninus Pius, 138-161 AD. Philippopolis, Thrace. AE?47 viewsAntoninus Pius, AE18 of Philippopolis, Thrace. AVT AI ADRI ANTWNINOC, bare head right / FILIPPOPOLEIWN, Apollo naked, standing left by altar, holding patera and bow. Moushmov 5082. Not in Varbanov with this obv. legend. _2900

Antonio Protti
AntoSed5.JPG
Antoninus Pius, RIC 776, Sestertius of AD 148-161 (Liberalitas)86 viewsĆ Sestertius (24.57g, Ř31mm, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 148-161.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS IIII, laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Rev.: LIBERALITAS·AVG·V (around) S C (in field), Liberalitas, draped, standing left, holding an abacus and cornucopiae.
RIC 776; BMC 1695; Cohen 508; Strack 994; Banti 213 (11 spec.).
ex Cayón auction May 2013
Charles S
campgate090508a.jpg
Arles, Constantius II44 viewsConstantius II
Ae 19; 2.30g

FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOBC
laureate draped and cuirassed bust left

VIRTVS-CAESS
Campgate, 4 turrets, star above, open doors, 8 rows

QA (crescent) RL

RIC VII Arles 290
1 commentsarizonarobin
IMGP4508Art2brcombo.jpg
Artabanos II., 10 - 38 AD20 viewsAE10, 1,88gr., 9,8mm;
Sellw. 63.24, Shore 577;
mint: Ekbatana, axis: 12mm;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/diadem; medium-long straight hair, mustache, medium-long straight beard square-cut at the end; 3-layer necklace;
rev.: griffin or eagle head, left, with 1 horizontal and 2 upright feathers (?); dotted border 7 - 17h;
a very thick flan;

ex: art-archaic, NED.
Schatz
Album-1827_5(1).jpg
Artuqids of Mardin: Najm al-Din Alpi (547-572 AH / 1152-1176 CE) Ć Dirham (Whelan Type IV, 44-5; S&S Type 30.1; Album 1827.5; ICV 1203)49 viewsObv: Two diademed and draped male heads facing slightly away from one another; in margins, لا اله الا الله above and محمد رسول الله below, ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻨﺠﺪ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻪ to the right upwards and ﺍﻣﻴﺮﺍﻟﻤﺆﻣﻨﻴﻦ to the left downwards (There is no God but Allah, Muhammad is the messenger of Allah, al-Mustanjid billah, Commander of the Faithful)
Rev: Facing female head, wearing necklace; in margins, ﻧﺠﻢ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ above and ﺍﻟﭙﻰ ﺑﻦ ﺍﻳﻞﻏﺎﺫﯼ below, ﺑﻦ ﺍﺭﺗﻖ to the right upwards and ﻣﻠﻚ ﺩﻳﺎﺭ ﺑﻜﺮ to the left downwards (Star of the Faith, Alpi ibn Il-Ghazi ibn Artuq, Ruler of Diyarbakir)

4 commentsQuant.Geek
Album-1827_2.jpg
Artuqids of Mardin: Najm al-Din Alpi. (547-572 AH) Ć Dirham (Whelan Type I, 37-8; S&S Type 27; Album 1827.2; ICV 1200)46 viewsObv: Diademed male head right, ﻧﺠﻢ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ (Najm al-Dîn; Arabic Laqab meaning 'Star of Religion') in Naskh script engraved into the die horizontally across the neck of the figure; counter-marked legend ﻧﺠﻢ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺩﻳﺎﺭ ﺑﮑﺮ (Najm al-Dîn, King of Diyarbakr); dotted border
Rev: Multi-line legend in a modified Ayyubid Kufic script continuing to right, top and left all within irregular circle with arabesque in exergue; dotted border

1st Line: ﻣﻠﻚ ﺍﻻﻣﺮﺍ (Malik al-umarâ; King of the Princes)
2nd Line: ﺍﺑﻮ ﺍﻟﻤﻈﻔﺮ (Abu al-Muzaffar; Man of Conquering)
3rd Line: ﺍﻟﭙﻰ ﺑﻦ (Alpî bin; Alpi, Son of)
Right Field: ﺗﻤﺮﺗﺎﺵ ﺑﻦ (Timurtâsh bin; Timurtash, Son of)
Upper Field: ﺍﻳﻞﻏﺎﺫﯼ (Îl-Ghâzî; Il-Ghazi)
Left Field: ﺑﻦ ﺍﺭﺗﻖ (bin Artuq; Son of Artuq)
2 commentsQuant.Geek
G_316_Kyme_fac.jpg
Asia Minor, Aiolis, Kyme, Artemis, Oenochoe, Zoilos magistrate18 viewsAiolis, Kyme
AE 15
1st - 2nd century BC
Zoilos , magistrate
Obv.: Diademed and draped bust of Artemis right, hair in sphendone, bow and quiver over shoulder
Rev.: Single-handled oenoechoe between two laurel branches; KY above, ΖΩΙΛΟΣ across fields.
AE, 15 mm, 3.69g
Ref.: SNG Copenhagen 108; SNG von Aulock 1642; BMC 87-9; Weber 5508-9
1 commentsshanxi
augustus-quadrans.jpg
Augustus (15 BC-AD 14) AE Quadrans, Gaul auxiliary mint8 viewsRoman Imperial, Augustus (15 BC-AD 14) AE Quadrans, Gaul auxiliary mint

Obverse: IMP CAESAR, Laureate head right.

Reverse: AVGVSTVS, Eagle with wings spread.

Reference: RIC 227, Cohen 29, BMC 561, RPC 508, BN 4730
Gil-galad
5089_5090.jpg
Aurelian, Antoninianus, CONCORD MILITVM9 viewsAR Antoninianus
Aurelian
Augustus: 270 - 275AD
Issued: 274AD
22.0mm 3.30gr
O: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG; Radiate, cuirassed bust, right.
R: CONCORDIA MILITVM; Aurelian standing right on left, holding scepter, shaking hands with Concordia on right.
Exergue: T(Star)
Siscia Mint
Aorta: 504: B17, O14, R20, T29, M7.
Cohen 61; RIC 216.
okta2000-2013 281754427396
7/31/15 2/3/17
Nicholas Z
00508q00.jpg
Aurelianus5 viewsAE-Antoninianus
IMP C AVRELIANVS INVICTVS AVG; Radiate and cuirassed bust to right.
RESTITVT ORBIS; female standing left, presenting wreath to Aurelian standing right, holding spear in left hand; * in center field.
Ex: KA•Γ•
Serdica
RIC 301
Julianus of Pannonia
29505085.jpg
Austria, Vienna (Vindobona) - remains of Roman house from 2nd - 4th century521 viewsWien - Michaelerplatz Johny SYSEL
bavaria albert iv .jpg
BAVARIA - Albert IV261 viewsBAVARIA - Albert IV (1465-1508) AR 1/2-Batzen, 1506. Obv.: Bavarian lion standing left. Rev.: Bavarian coat-of-arms. This is the first dated Bavarian coin! Ref.: Wittlesbach #200Aa.1 commentsdpaul7
1508.jpg
bmc0556 viewsElagabalus
Edessa, Mesopotamia

Obv: AVTKAICMAPAVPANTωNЄI, laureate draped cuirassed bust left, seen from rear.
Rev: KoΛωMA PεΔεCCA, City goddess seated left on rock, holding branch. Below, river god swimming right.
29 mm, 12.49 gms

BMC 55
Charles M
CARACAL-5.jpg
Caracalla AMNG I/1, 150811 viewsObv: M AVP ANTWNINOC
Bare head right
Rev: NIKOPOLITWN PROC IC
two crossed cornucopias
18mm 2.2gm
OWL365
Caracalla_RIC225.jpg
Caracalla, 198–217 CE53 viewsAR denarius, Rome, 213 CE; 2.94g. BMCRE 97, C 508 (10 Fr.), RIC 225. Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS – AVG BRIT; head laureate right. Rx: PROFECTIO AVG; Caracalla standing right holding spear, two standards behind him.

Notes: Special issue of the sole reign of Caracalla commemorating Caracalla’s departure for Gaul.

Provenance: Ex Berk BBS 175 (May 2011), lot 221; from a private collection, acquired from dealer Michael Trenerry, Cornwall, England (March 1988).
3 commentsMichael K5
4507_4508_.jpg
Caracalla, Denarius, PONTIF TR P X COS II4 viewsAR Denarius
Caracalla
Caesar: 195 - 197AD
Augustus: 198 - 217AD
Issued: 207AD
19.5 x 18.0mm
O: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG; Laureate head, right.
R: PONTIF TR P X COS II; Mars advancing right, holding spear and trophy.
Rome Mint
Sear 6862; RIC 88; RSC 431.
Aorta: 327: B&, O19, R130, T143, M2.
Jonathan Kern, CICF 2013
4/3/17
Nicholas Z
car090508stobiA.jpg
Caracalla, Stobi Ae2424 viewsM AV R-ANTONIN V
Laureate head right

S-TOBEN-MVNICI
Nike right, foot on globe inscribing shield

Ae 24mm; 6.33g
Josif 462 V112/R152
arizonarobin
00021x0.jpg
Caracalla, Tarsus, Cilicia22 viewsCaracalla, 198 – 217 AD
Ć29, Tarsus, Cilicia, 18.2 grams
Obverse:
Reverse: Artemis standing right with left knee on back of doe flailing on ground, left hand pulls head of doe back exposing neck, grasps dagger in right hand about to dispatch the animal. L in left field, D and K in right.

References:
SNG Tahberer 1508 (same dies)
Obverse die as SNG Levante 1056

Provenance:
Obtained from Steve Showers at San Francisco Bourse, about 1999, $120

Notes:
Submitted to David Sear many years ago. He was not able to find a published example and had never seen the reverse type before.
Ken Dorney
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Carthage. Carthage circa 400-350 BC. 10 viewsObv. Head of Tanit to left, wearing wreath of grain ears.
Rev. Horse standing right, palm tree in background, three pellets above pellet in right field.
References: MAA 18l; Jenkins & Lewis 13; SNG Copenhagen 118. SEAR 6508-11.
16.1mm and 2.23grams.
As found condition.
Canaan
4528_4529.jpg
Claudius, As, S/C10 viewsAE As
Claudius
Augustus: 41 - 54AD
Issued: 41 - 50AD
27.0mm 8.03gr
O: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG PM TR P IMP; Bare head, left.
R: S/C; Minerva, brandishing javelin and holding shield.
Rome Mint
RIC 100
Aorta: 110: B1, O23, R19, T16, M5.
lucernae 350804914892
6/5/13 4/3/17
Nicholas Z
41924_Diocletina_post_reform_RIC_VI_13,_aVF,_Heraclea.jpg
CONCORDIA MILITVM, RIC VI 13, Heraclea13 viewsDiocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 March 305 A.D. Copper post-reform radiate, RIC VI 13, aVF, Heraclea mint, 2.508g, 20.2mm, 0o, c. 295 - 296 A.D.; obverse IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM, Diocletian holding parazonium, standing left, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter holding spear, HA in center; excellent centering, bare red copper. The Roman's believed Jupiter granted protection and success to his favorites, who tended to be people in positions of authority similar to his own. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
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Constantine I, Follis, PROVIDENTIAE AVGG7 viewsAE Follis
Constantine I
Caesar: 306 - 307AD
Augustus: 307 - 337AD
Issued: 326 - 328AD
21.0 x 20.0mm
O: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG; Laureate head, right.
R: PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG; City gate with two turrets, star above. Six layers of bricks; no doors.
Exergue: (Dot), right field; SMTSB, below line.
Thessalonica Mint
Aorta: 1536: B59, O4, R148, T12, M17.
RIC VII Thessalonica 153, B, rated c3; Sear 16254.
lucernae 350801324343
5/30/13 2/19/17
Added to WildWinds, February, 2017.
Nicholas Z
Constantius_Alexandria_Elpis_LD.jpg
Constantius I Chlorus - Alexandria5 viewsBI tetradrachm
1 Mar 293 - 28 Aug 293 AD
laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
ΦΛA KWCTANTIOC K
Elpis standing left, holding flower and raising skirt
L_A
A
Geissen 3347; Milne 5089; Dattari 6049; Emmett 4185 (R3); Kampmann-Ganschow 121.6
7,9g
ex Lanz
Johny SYSEL
Chlorus_GENIO_ITR_k.jpg
Constantius I Chlorus, AD 293-305 7 viewsĆ Follis, 29mm, 9.6g, 12h; Trier mint, AD 303
Obv.: CONSTANTIVS NOBIL C, laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev.: GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, wearing modius on head, holding patera and cornucopiae; S-F // ITR
Reference: RIC VI 508a, p.196
From the YOC Collection, 17-004-65
John Anthony
508CNG324.jpg
Cr 354/1 AR Denarius C. Licinius L.f. Macer 27 views84 BC. (20mm, 3.60 g, 6h). Rome mint.
Diademed bust of Vejovis left, drapery on left shoulder, hurling thunderbolt
Minerva, holding spear, shield, and reins, driving galloping quadriga right, [C] LICINIVS [L F] MACER in ex

Crawford 354/1; Sydenham 732; Licinia 16; RBW 1355
1 commentsPMah
campgate090508b.jpg
Cyzicus, Constantine II24 viewsConstantine II
AE3;2.29g;20mm

CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left

PROVIDEN-TIAE CAESS
Campgate with six rows, two turrets, star above

SMKB (pellet)
Cyzicus Mint

RIC VII 37
arizonarobin
Faustina_II_58~0.jpg
Denar, RIC 3, p.094, 508a - Faustina II, Pudicitia standing, altar 15 viewsFaustina II
AR-Denar, Rome
Obv.: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA AVG P II F, draped bust right.
Rev.: PVDI- CITIA, Pudicitia standing left, sacrificing over lighted and garlanded altar
Ag, 3.02g, 18mm
Ref.: RIC III 508a, CRE-207 [S]
shanxi
D789_zpsc5250870.jpg
Domitian RIC-78998 viewsAR Denarius, 3.47g
Rome mint, 95-96 AD
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XV; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XXII COS XVII CENS P P P; Minerva stg. l., with thunderbolt and spear, shield at her l. side (M3)
RIC 789 (C2). BMC 234. RSC 291. BNC 208.
Acquired from Roma Numismatics, August 2013.

Between September 95 and September 96 Domitian struck his last great issue of denarii. The series varies wildly in quality - some denarii it seems were struck in a bit of a hurry (ragged flans and bad style), while others were more carefully crafted with better quality control. Domitian's hand, it seems, may not have been as firmly on the mint's tiller as in times past.

This denarius was struck in that same great issue and exhibits some of its better qualities. For a start, the centering is spot on and the flan is almost perfect. Style wise we see the Flavian baroque (ostentatious and overdone) which is very much in evidence on certain denarii from 88 onwards. Here the elaborate hairstyle, plump face, and gaudy laurel wreath (crowding into the legend) shows off this baroque style in fine fashion. A skilled engraver's handiwork in the then fashionable court style. Also of note, many of the portraits from this time (such as the current example) show a Domitian with slightly raised 'eyes toward heaven' - which Mattingly postulated as 'lofty aspirations'.

4 commentsDavid Atherton
12.jpg
Domitian, AD 81-9648 viewsAE dupondius.

CAES DIVI AVG VESP F DOMITIAN COS VII, laureate head right / CERES AVGVST, S-C in field; Ceres standing left, with corn ears and torch. Eastern Mint (Thrace?), struck AD 80-81, as Caesar.

RIC II.1, 512 (Titus); BMCRE II, unlisted; RPC II, 508.
socalcoins
EB0178_2b_scaled.JPG
EB0178.2 Gelas / Bull8 viewsGela, SICILY, AE 17 (trias), 420-405 BC.
Obverse: Horned head of river god right, grain ear to left.
Reverse: ΓEΛAΣ [and grain ear] above bull walking right, three dots below.
References: Jenkins 506-508; McClean 2277; BMC 2, 73.
Diameter: 17mm, Weight: 3.767g.
EB
EB0508_scaled.JPG
EB0508 Julia Mamaea / Vesta9 viewsJulia Mamaea, AR Denarius, 225-235 AD.
Obv: IVLIA MAMAEA AVG, diademed & draped bust right.
Rev: VESTA, Vesta standing half-left, holding palladium & scepter.
References: RIC IV 360, RSC 81, BMC 381.
Diameter: 19.5mm, Weight: 2.343 grams.
EB
EB0678_scaled.JPG
EB0678 Diocletian / Elpis9 viewsDiocletian 284-305, billon tetradrachm of Alexandria, year 9 = 292-293.
Obverse: ∆IOKΛHTIANOC CEB, laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: ENATOV L (year 9), Elpis standing left, flower in right, with left raising fold of chiton, ∆ in exergue.
References: Milne 5086, Geissen 3262, Dattari 5675, BMC Alexandria 2503, Emmett 4046.
Diameter: 20mm Weight: 77.44g
EB
Elagabalus-RIC-168-1.jpg
Elagabalus / RIC 168.15 viewsDenarius, 218-19 AD , Antioch mint.
Obv: IMP ANTONINVS AVG / Laureate bust of Elagabalus.
Rev: CONSVL II P P / Aequitas standing, holding scales and cornucopiae.
3.34 gm., 18 mm.
RIC #168; Sear #7508 var.

RIC doesn't specify where the break (if any) comes in the obverse legend. This particular coin has no break in the obverse legend.
Callimachus
Elagabalus-RIC-168-2.jpg
Elagabalus / RIC 168.16 viewsDenarius, 219 AD , Antioch mint.
Obv: IMP ANTONINVS AVG / Laureate bust of Elagabalus.
Rev: CONSVL . II . P P / Aequitas standing, holding scales and cornucopiae.
3.35 gm., 18 mm.
RIC #168; Sear #7508.

RIC doesn't specify where the break (if any) comes in the obverse legend. This particular coin has a break in the obverse legend between O and N.
Callimachus
Trajan_Column2serpents~0.jpg
Emmett 0396 - Trajan Alexandria Drachm, column with 2 serpents26 viewsTrajan Ć Drachm of Alexandria. Year 17 = 113/4 AD. 32mm, 20.16g AVT TPAIN CE EPM AKIK, laureate half length bust right, in aegis / column topped by modius & flanked by two uraeus serpents with skhent crowns; date LI-Z below. BMC 557, Emmett 396.17 Kampmann-Ganschow 27.551mattpat
Hadrian_Emperor_with_Alexandria.jpg
Emmett 0964 - Hadrianus Alexandria drachm, Emperor w. Alexandria 22 viewsEGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian. 117-138 AD. Ć Drachm (35mm, 23.4 gm). Dated regnal year 15 (130/1 AD). AVT KAI TPAI APIA CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / Hadrian standing left, togate, holding sceptre, greeted by Alexandria, clad in elephant's skin headdress, chiton, and peplos, holding two grain ears in her left hand, and kissing Hadrian's extended right hand; L-IE (date) below. Köln 1034; Dattari 1610; Milne 1315; BMC Alexandria pg. 101, 869; Emmett 964.15; K/G 32.509 mattpat
Hadrian_Nilus1.jpg
Emmett 1014 - Hadrian AE35 drachm Alexandria, Nilus36 viewsHadrian AE Drachm of Alexandria 35mm, 24.7gr. Year 13 = 128-129 AD. AVT KAI TPAI APIA CEB, laureate draped bust right / L TPICKAI, Nilus reclining left on a crocodile, holding cornucopiae. SNG Cop 345. Dattari 1808, Köln 1001, Milne 1276, Emmett 1014.13, Kampmann-Ganschow 32.470 mattpat
25089859.jpg
England, London (Londinium) - city walls432 viewsmodern bronze statue of Trajan

next to Tower Hill - station of London underground
Johny SYSEL
FH-G-004_(0s).jpg
FH-G-0048 viewsCilicia, Hieropolis-Kastabala; 200-30 BC; bronze AE20

- Draped, veiled and turreted bust of Tyche right, monogram behind.

- ΙΕΡΟΠΟΛΙΤΩΝ / ΤΩΝ ΠΡΟΣ ΤΩΙ / ΠΥΡΑΜΩΙ / ΤΗΣ ΙΕΡΑΣ / ΚΑΙΑ / ΣΥΛΟΥ
- IEROPOLITWN / TWN PROS TWI / PURAMWI / THS IERAS / KAIA / SULOU
- Eagle standing left on club, wings closed.

4.50gm / 20.6mm / Axis: 0

References:
SNG Levante 1572-4 var. (Monogram)
SNG France 2221-2 var. (Monogram)
Lindgren I 1508

Notes: Dec 2, 15 - This particular coin was moderately difficult to identify, but nearly impossible to figure out the correct reverse legend. After comparing 6 decent examples of the type as well as full legends known to be in use in Hieropolis at the time I came up with the given legend, which is very close to that listed in Lindgren I 1508 with the exception of (PROS) instead of (RROS) and completion of the last word in the legend (SULOU).

Update: This coin is a die match to coin listed here From the D. Alighieri Collection. (minus counterstamp in listed coin): https://www.cngcoins.com/Coin.aspx?CoinID=149686
Jonathan P
4001_73_43_1.jpg
Galerius, as Caesar, AE1, Treveri, AD 302-303.5 views11.14g, 30mm, 6h. MAXIMIANVS NOBIL C, laureate and cuirassed bust right /
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked except for chlamys over left shoulder,
holding patera and cornucopiae; S-F across fields, ITR in exergue.
RIC 508b; Downside hoard 91.
Ruslan K
4001_214_20_1.jpg
Galerius, as Caesar, Ć 1 Large Follis. AD 302-303.2 viewsTreveri mint, (10.40g, 30mm.) MAXIMIANVS NOBIL C, laureate and cuirassed bust right / GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, wearing modius, holding patera and cornucopiae; S-F across fields; ITR in exergue. RIC 508b.

From the inventory of Roma Numismatics Ltd.
Ruslan K
gallie12.jpg
Gallien - VICT GERMANICA b9 viewsGALLIENVS P F AVG
VICT GERMANICA
Victoire marchant vers la gauche
Trčves - 1ere Émission - automne 258
Bourdel 385a
Göbl 993i
Eauze 1508
Elmer 88
PYL
RIC_Gallienus_RIC_V_S_508a_PROVID_AVG.jpg
Gallienus (Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus) (253-268 A.D.)20 viewsSRCV 10331, RIC V S-508a (Milan), Göbl 1328d, Van Meter 231.

BI Antoninianus, 2.95 g., 19.56 mm. max., 0°

Milan mint, 1st officina, struck during solo reign (260-268 A.D.) in 265-266 A.D.

Obv: G[ALLIEN]VS AVG, radiate head right.

Rev: PROVID AVG, Providentia standing left, holding globe and transverse scepter, MP in exergue.

RIC rarity C, Van Meter VB1.
Stkp
GALLIEN-50-ROMAN.jpg
Gallienus, RIC V(1)-508a.K Mediolanum19 viewsBillon Antoninianus
Mediolanum mint, 265-266 A.D.
21mm, 2.30g
RIC V(1)-508a, RSCv.4-859a, RCVv.3-10331

Obverse:
GALLIENVS AVG
Radiate head right

Reverse:
PROVID AVG
MP in exergue
Providentia standing left, holding globe and sceptre.
rubadub
Geta_Istros_Demeter_AE22_7_20g.jpg
Geta, Istros, Demeter, AE2231 viewsAE22, 7.20g
obv: AV K Π CE ΓETAC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
rev: ICTPIHNΩN; Demter standing facing, head left, holding long torch and ears of grain over altar

AMNG 508var (what's the variation?); Varbanov 646 (R6)

ex HD Rauch summer auction 2009, lot 982
areich
patras2_(1).jpg
Greek, ACHAIA, Achaean League, Patrai-Patras. 88-30 BC.133 viewsAR hemidrachm. 15mm 2.16g.
Laureate head Zeus right/ Achaian league monogram. XE SW PA across fields. dolphin below. All within laurel wreath tied at bottom.
VF. Toned. BCD 508.7 (this coin); Clerk 81; Benner-Patrai-51 (this coin). exBeast Coins.
Dino
4__Tétradrachme_Alexandre_Le_Grand_Cicilie_Tarse_327-325___AJC_17,28_g_26_mm.jpg
Greek, Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III (the great), Tetradrachm228 views- Tétradrachme, Alexandre le Grand, Cicilie (Tarse), 327-325 avant J.-C (Argent) Price 3016 300
Avers : Tęte d'Héraklčs ŕ droite coiffée de la léonté.
Revers : E. Zeus assis ŕ gauche sur un trône et tenant un aigle. Dans le champ, un araire.
Roger D2
15088LG.jpg blk.jpg
GREEK, Quasi-Autonomous, Ionia, Smyrna. Time of Marcus Aurelius, Circa 161-180 AD. AE 15mm.80 viewsIONIA, Smyrna. Time of Marcus Aurelius, Circa 161-180 AD.
Ć 15mm (2.76 gm).
Obv: The River-God Meles reclining left, holding reed
Rev: Nike walking right, holding wreath and palm.
SNG Copenhagen 1301; Klose pg. 178, Gruppe B (V2/R-).
2 commentsJericho
hadriannilus.JPG
Hadrian Denarius73 viewsHadrian

OBV: HADRIANVS AVG COS III PP
REV: NILVS
Goddess of Nile reclining

RIC 310, RSC 991, BMC 862, Sear 3508
marcvs_traianvs
Hadrian_RIC_310a.JPG
Hadrian, 117 - 138 AD53 viewsObv: HADRIANVS AVG COS III PP, bare head of Hadrian facing right.

Rev: NILVS, Nilus reclining right, holding a cornucopia and a reed; before him is a hippopotamus and below is a crocodile.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 136 AD

3.3 grams, 18.34 mm, 180°

RIC II 310a, RSC 989, S3508 (var.), VM 36
SPQR Matt
0120-520np_noir.jpg
Hadrianus, Antoninianus122 viewsRome mint AD 250/251
DIVO HADRIANO Radiate head right
CONSECRATIO Eagle facing
4.02 gr, 20 mm
Ref : RIC IV # 87, Cohen # 1508, RCV # 9472
in qblay's catalog : AD19/A017
3 commentsPotator II
00508.jpg
Helena (RIC 82, Coin #508)9 views
Helena, RIC 82 (R2), AE3, Antioch, 328 - 329 AD
Obv: F L HELENA AVGVSTA Diademed bust right, wearing mantle and necklace.
Rev: SECVRITAS REIPVBLICE (dot SMANT) Securitas standing half left, branch
pointed down in right, raising pallium with left. Delta epsilon in right field.
Size: 19.8mm 3.12gr

MaynardGee
Helena_R_I_C__VII_Trier_508.jpg
Helena, AE Follis, RIC VII Trier 50883 viewsHelena
Augusta, 325 - 330 A.D.

Coin: AE Follis

Obverse: FL HELENA - AVGVSTA, diademed and draped bust, facing right, wearing an ornamental Cloak and a Necklace.
Reverse: SECVRITAS-REIPVBLICE, Securitas, standing, facing left, holding an Olive branch with her right hand and holding the end of her Stola with her left.

Weight: 3.30 g, Diameter: 18.2 x 17.6 x 1.4 mm, Die axis: 210°, Mintmark: STRE (Trier), struck between 327-328 A.D. Reference: RIC VII Trier 508
Masis
H508.jpg
Hendin-508 / 119243 viewsHerod Archelaus - prutah
1.34 grams
cmcdon0923
HephthialiteHuns_GoblHunnen256.jpg
Hephthalites (White Huns), King Napki Malka12 viewsHephthalites (White Huns), King Napki Malka. c. 515-560 AD. BI Drachm (3.26 gm) of Kabul. Turkic bust r., in style of Khusru II, with winged bull's headress, legend Napki Malik before / Fire altar in center, two attendants to side, wheel above each. gVF/F. MAC 1507, 1508. c.f. Göbl Hunnen 256 & Dokumente Em. 198 or 205; FPP fig 84, 1 and 5; Mitchiner ACW 1499-1501. See CNG 87 #803. Christian T
campgate090508c.jpg
Heraclea, Crispus17 viewsCrispus
308-324 AD
AE 3;19 mm, 3.40g

DN FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES
Laureate bust left, wearing imperial mantle, holding scepter and mappa

PROVIDENTIAE CAESS
Campgate with three turrets, 6 layers

MHT (gamma)
Heraclea Mint

RIC 18 Heraclea
arizonarobin
herod.JPG
HPWD BACI30 viewsHerod I Judea

Ἡρῴδης
הוֹרְדוֹס‎

פרוטה
Bohemian
94ACF488-239E-4B96-8FF6-26F54D96C633.jpeg
Hungary, 1 denar, Vladislav II, 15089 viewsSilver 1508 RH. Hungary, 1 denar. Vladislav II. Obverse: WLADISLAI R VNGARI 1505. Fourfold coat of arms: Hungarian Árpád stripes, Hungarian double cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion; in center shield Polish Jagellon eagle in inner circle. Flowers divide words in lettering. Reverse: VNGARIE PATRONA K H Madonna with open crown seated with child on her right arm divides mintmark KH. Flowers divide words in lettering.Celticaire
HUN_Ulaszlo_II_1508_Huszar_811_Pohl_253-4_K-G.jpg
Huszár 811, Pohl 253-4, Unger 646c, Réthy II 278A; dated 150814 viewsHungary. Ulászló/Wladislaus II (1490-1516)

AR denar, .51 g., 15.38 mm. max., 270°

Obv: WLADISLAI * R * VNGARIE * 1508 *, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Polish eagle in escutcheon.

Rev: * PATRONA * – * VNGARIE *, Crowned Madonna with infant Jesus to her right, K–G (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1503-1518 (per Huszár, Pohl and Unger). This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz/Körmöcbánya,
now Kremnica, Slovakia, by Georg Thurzó, kammergraf, (per Pohl).

Huszár rarity 4, Pohl rarity5, Unger rarity 3.
1 commentsStkp
HUN_Bela_IV_Huszar_310_2.JPG
Huszár 310, Unger 233, RĂ©thy I 24437 viewsHungary. Béla IV (1235-1270). AR denar, 13 mm.

Obv: BELAE REX, Hebrew letter ט (tet) in center.

Rev: Angel stabbing dragon.

All references orient the obverse so that the B at the start of the legend is just past 12:00. However, doing so results in the wrong orientation of the Hebrew letter. When oriented per the references, the Hebrew letter looks like a פ (feh) rather than a ט (tet). The letter feh does appear on thirteenth century Hungarian denars, but those are attributed to Fredman, who was kammergraf from 1270-1272 under Stephen V (István in Hungarian) (1270-1272), and who was thus not active when this emission was issued.

Issued by Teka, who was a kammergraf in 1232 and 1235-1245 (as determined by Rádóczy and Nagy, per Friedenberg; also per Pohl).

The coins of Béla IV were initially struck with a fineness of 0.800 silver, and later with a fineness of .900, and with an average weight of .52 g. (per Huszár at 11).

Also Rengjeo 44 and Mimica 44. Rengjeo and Mimica refer to this emission as a Croatian Freisacher issued under King Andrew II (András, in Hun.) (1205-1235) and Dukes Béla (1220-1226; governor of Dalmatia and Croatia) and Coloman (Kálmán, in Hun.) (1226-1235; duke of Dalmatia and Croatia). This attribution was initially made by Hóman in 1920, who tentatively assigned this emission to a mint in Zagreb. However, Metcalf notes that the basis of this attribution has been proven to be erroneous, and that the consensus among Hungarian numismatists is that the emission is Hungarian. (Hóman's early attribution is puzzling, because the coins states Belae Rex (King Béla) and not Belae Dvx (Duke Béla).

Huszár rarity rating 7.
Stkp
HUN_Ulaszlo_II_Huszar_811_1508_Pohl_253-3.JPG
Huszár 811, Pohl 253-3, Unger 646b, RĂ©thy II 278A, dated 1508 67 viewsHungary. Wladislaus II (Ulászló II in Hun.) (1490-1516). AR denar, 15 mm.

Obv: WLADISLAI * R * VNGARI * 1508 *, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Polish eagle in escutcheon.

Rev: * PATRONA * – * VNGARIE *, Crowned Madonna with infant Jesus to her right, K–H (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1503-1518 (per Huszár, Pohl & Unger) or 1490-1498 (per Unger). This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Hans Thurzó, kammergraf, (per Pohl).

Huszár rarity rating 4/Pohl rarity rating 5.
Stkp
HUN_Ulaszlo_II_Huszar_819_Pohl_249-1.JPG
Huszár 819, Pohl 249-1, Unger 652b, RĂ©thy II 283137 viewsHungary. Wladislaus II (Ulászló II in Hun.) (1490-1516). AR obolus, 11 mm.

Obv: Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Polish eagle with outstretched wings in escutcheon, rosettes above and to sides.

Rev: Nimbate Madonna with infant Jesus to her right, K—H (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1500-1502 (per Huszá) or 1501-1526 (per Unger) or 1503-1508 (per Pohl). This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Hans Thurzó (per Pohl).

Huszar/Pohl rarity rating 7.
Stkp
HUN_Lajos_II_Huszar_855.JPG
Huszár 855, Pohl 259-2, Unger 652d, Réthy II 314A 137 viewsHungary. Louis II (Lajos II in Hun.) (1516-1526). AR obolus, 10-12 mm.

Obv: Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Eagle in escutcheon, rosettes above and flanking shield.

Rev: Nimbate, crowned Madonna with infant Jesus to her right, K–G (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1501-1526 (per Unger) or 1503-1526 (per Pohl). This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Georg Thurzó, in 1508-1519 (per Pohl).

Note: This emission was struck under Wladislaus II (Ulászló II in Hun.) (1490-1516) and continued under Louis II. Although coins bearing this privy mark are assigned to Louis II by all of the references, given the dates of issue per Pohl, it was struck under both reigns.

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 7.
Stkp
IulDomna-Drachme-CAESAREA-Tychestlinks.jpg
I/a - IULIA DOMNA -d-001 Drachma CAPPADOCIA // CAESAREA21 viewsAv) IOYΛIA ΔOMNA CE
Draped bust right
Rv) MHTPOΠO KAICAPIA
Exergue: Є. T. Є.
Tyche standing left holding rudder and cornucopiae

Weight: 3,01g; Ř: 18mm;Reference: Varbanov 2508 quotes Jurukova 231

sulcipius
ghaznir.jpg
ISLAMIC, Afghanistan, Ghaznavid Empire. Mas'ud III AH 492-508 (AD 1098-1114). 9 viewsDebased Silver Dirham (18mm, 2.69 grams) ND. type A-1648.oneill6217
ISNY_1508.jpg
ISNY - Imperial City, 1508 Batzen59 viewsISNY - Imperial City, Maximilian I (1486-1519) AR Batzen, dated 1508. Obv.: Crowned eagle looking left; City arms on chest; M . NOV. CIVIT . YSNI . 1508 (Anchor-Like Marking) Rev.: 6-pointed star under Eagle, in the angles 5-pointed stars, GRA . MAXIMIL . RO . REG Reference: Nau 22.1 commentsdpaul7
20150822_111154.jpg
Italy, Herculaneum, Central Thermae22 viewsThe men's baths still have the stalls for holding the bather's clothing.

From my visit to Herculaneum in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150822_111144.jpg
Italy, Herculaneum, Central Thermae16 viewsThe men's baths are entered directly off the north west corner of the palaestra. The apodyterium has a vaulted ceiling. On the north wall is a small arched apse, containing a labrum used for washing before entering the inner rooms of the baths

From my visit to Herculaneum in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150822_111234.jpg
Italy, Herculaneum, Central Thermae22 viewsThe tepidarium has a vaulted ceiling. The floor has partly collapsed, showing sections of the hypocaust beneath, bus is decorated with a fine mosaic depicting a triton surrounded by dolphins

From my visit to Herculaneum in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150822_110744.jpg
Italy, Herculaneum, College of the Augustales22 viewsThe side walls of the sacellum in the College of the Augustales are painted with doors either side of a central porch which opens onto architectural elements on a white ground. Above the doors and porch are further windows containing bronze chariots driven by winged victories, placed on pedestals. The central fresco on the left wall is of Hercules standing next to Juno and Minerva

From my visit to Herculaneum in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150822_110821.jpg
Italy, Herculaneum, College of the Augustales23 viewsThe side walls of the sacellum in the College of the Augustales are painted with doors either side of a central porch which opens onto architectural elements on a white ground. Above the doors and porch are further windows containing bronze chariots driven by winged victories, placed on pedestals. The fresco in the middle of the right wall shows Hercules fighting Achelous who kidnapped Deianira.

From my visit to Herculaneum in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150822_110826.jpg
Italy, Herculaneum, College of the Augustales20 viewsThis is the back wall of the sacellum in the College of the Augustales within which is a plinth on which a sculpture, or a bust, might have been placed. A wreath plant above the decoration suggests a tribute to the Emperor.

From my visit to Herculaneum in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150822_115105.jpg
Italy, Herculaneum, Honorific statue of Marcus Nonius Balbus22 viewsThe honorific marble statue of Marcus Nonius Balbus was reconstructed from fragments.

From my visit to Herculaneum in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150822_104356.jpg
Italy, Herculaneum, House of Argus13 viewsThe peristyle in the House of Argus

From my visit to Herculaneum in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150822_104647.jpg
Italy, Herculaneum, House of Argus10 viewsThe House of Argus contains some strikingly decorated rooms. The decoration consists of red panels on a red ground incorporating geometric and architectural themes. The central panel on each of the walls contains a mythological scene.

From my visit to Herculaneum in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150822_113746.jpg
Italy, Herculaneum, House of the Great Portal14 viewsOne detail that caught my eye in the House of the Great Portalwas this wall decorationof a bird pecking at cherries.

From my visit to Herculaneum in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150822_113041a.jpg
Italy, Herculaneum, House of the Neptune mosaic17 viewsThe House of the Neptune mosaic is named after the stunning mosaic that dominates the centre of the back wall. The mosaic shows Neptune and Amphitrite surrounded by a decorative motif.

From my visit to Herculaneum in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150822_113047.jpg
Italy, Herculaneum, House of the Neptune mosaic - nymphaeum13 viewsOn the far end wall of the court of the House of the Neptune mosaic is a nympheum. It is surmounted by the head of Silenus accompanied by two marble theatrical masks.

From my visit to Herculaneum in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150822_114814.jpg
Italy, Herculaneum, House of the Relief of Telephus19 viewsOn the south wall of the atrium is a copy of a neo-Attic relief depicting an episode from the myth of Telephus. The relief, which was found in in the house, depicts Achilles in the presence of his mother Thetis, treating the wound of the Mysian king, Telephus in return for the king showing the Achaeans the way to Troy.

From my visit to Herculaneum in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150822_114720.jpg
Italy, Herculaneum, House of the Relief of Telephus15 viewsA marble disc showing a hippocamp

From my visit to Herculaneum in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150822_105356.jpg
Italy, Herculaneum, House of the Skeleton14 viewsNymphaeum consisting of two rectangular basins with a decorative rear wall in inlaid limestone.

From my visit to Herculaneum in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150822_104940.jpg
Italy, Herculaneum, House of the Skeleton13 viewsThe triclinium is decorated in reds and orange with architecture and views of distant landscapes above a red decorative frieze. On the north wall is an large alcove illustrated here.

From my visit to Herculaneum in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150822_104927.jpg
Italy, Herculaneum, House of the Skeleton17 viewsAdjoining the triclinium is a small courtyard containing a mosaic lararium

From my visit to Herculaneum in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150822_104946.jpg
Italy, Herculaneum, House of the Skeleton11 viewsThe triclinium is decorated in reds and orange with architecture and views of distant landscapes above a red decorative frieze.

From my visit to Herculaneum in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150822_105407.jpg
Italy, Herculaneum, House of the Skeleton19 viewsAbove the nymphaeum is a decorative frieze composed of seven panels, of which only three originals remain (the central three are modern copies).

From my visit to Herculaneum in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150822_105626.jpg
Italy, Herculaneum, Misc19 viewsA dolium (Large earthenware container of globular form, with a wide mouth for foodstuffs) with number LXXIIX

Pair of feet in DM boots provided gratis by my eldest daughter. Half a trainer courtesy of my son.

From my visit to Herculaneum in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150822_114021.jpg
Italy, Herculaneum, Misc14 viewsA Catullus (biconical or hollow stone which rotates above a cone-shaped pivot for grinding grain)

From my visit to Herculaneum in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150822_112145.jpg
Italy, Herculaneum, Misc18 viewsThe exterior of a building. Taken to illustrate the encrusted window.

From my visit to Herculaneum in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150822_113041.jpg
Italy, Herculaneum, Mosaic of Neptune and Amphitrite 13 viewsThe mosaic of Neptune and Amphitrite.

From my visit to Herculaneum in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150822_103449.jpg
Italy, Herculaneum, view of the terrace of Marcus Nonius Balbus18 viewsA view looking down into the terrace of Marcus Nonius Balbus. The terrace is dominated by the Funerary altar and honorific statue of Marcus Nonius Balbus. The underground bath complex is at the right hand side of the terrace as we view it. The baths were unfortunately closed during my visit for maintenance.

From my visit to Herculaneum in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150822_101804.jpg
Italy, Herculaneum, wide view of the ruins23 viewsA view looking down into the ruins from the entrance walkway.

From my visit to Herculaneum in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150820_115929.jpg
Italy, Pompeii - Alcove mosaic28 viewsA mosaic in an alcove.

From my visit to Pompeii in August 2015
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20150820_123959.jpg
Italy, Pompeii - Altar of the Temple to Vespasian15 viewsA stunning relief on the face of the Altar to Vespasian.

From my visit to Pompeii in August 2015
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20150820_131635.jpg
Italy, Pompeii - Amphitheatre12 viewsExterior of the Amphitheatre

From my visit to Pompeii in August 2015
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20150820_132711.jpg
Italy, Pompeii - Amphitheatre10 viewsInterior of the Amphitheatre

From my visit to Pompeii in August 2015
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20150820_132921.jpg
Italy, Pompeii - Amphitheatre11 viewsInterior of the Amphitheatre

From my visit to Pompeii in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150820_132722.jpg
Italy, Pompeii - Amphitheatre8 viewsInterior of the Amphitheatre

From my visit to Pompeii in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150820_121322.jpg
Italy, Pompeii - Column in the Basilica9 viewsA column in the Basilica

From my visit to Pompeii in August 2015
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20150820_140101.jpg
Italy, Pompeii - Doric Theatre12 viewsThe Doric theatre

From my visit to Pompeii in August 2015
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20150820_115458.jpg
Italy, Pompeii - Floor mozaic13 viewsDetail of one of the many floor mozaics around Pompeii.

From my visit to Pompeii in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150820_115940.jpg
Italy, Pompeii - Fresco9 viewsFresco from the Porto Marina sector.

From my visit to Pompeii in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150820_125930.jpg
Italy, Pompeii - House of Menander 14 viewsHouse of Menander .

From my visit to Pompeii in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150820_135508.jpg
Italy, Pompeii - Large Theatre9 viewsThe large theatre

From my visit to Pompeii in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150820_135442.jpg
Italy, Pompeii - Large Theatre (statue)10 viewsOne of a pair of statues that flank the entrance to the large theatre

From my visit to Pompeii in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150820_125403.jpg
Italy, Pompeii - Marble tripod table legs 12 viewsA marble tripod table legs decorated with lion heads .

From my visit to Pompeii in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150820_115914.jpg
Italy, Pompeii - Plastered wall10 viewsA fantastic plastered wall

From my visit to Pompeii in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150820_125442.jpg
Italy, Pompeii - Puteal decorated with lion heads11 viewsA terracotta puteal deorated with lion heads

From my visit to Pompeii in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150820_121831.jpg
Italy, Pompeii - Selfie with Vesuvius38 viewsI am not part of the Selfie generation. My first ever (and possibly last) attempt at a selfie. Me in Pompeii with Vesuvius in the background.

From my visit to Pompeii in August 2015
2 commentsmaridvnvm
20150820_122226.jpg
Italy, Pompeii - Stored artefacts11 viewsA selection of the items found and stored in Pompeii.

Of primary interest in this one is the large box.

From my visit to Pompeii in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150820_122153.jpg
Italy, Pompeii - Stored artefacts12 viewsA selection of the items found and stored in Pompeii.

Of primary interest in this one are the statue and sculptures.

From my visit to Pompeii in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150820_122034.jpg
Italy, Pompeii - Stored artefacts13 viewsA selection of the items found and stored in Pompei.

From my visit to Pompeii in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150820_122028.jpg
Italy, Pompeii - Stored artefacts14 viewsA selection of the items found and stored in Pompei.

Of primary interest in this one is the wooden cart.

From my visit to Pompeii in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150820_120833.jpg
Italy, Pompeii - The Basilica14 viewsA view of the Basilica

From my visit to Pompeii in August 2015
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20150820_121707.jpg
Italy, Pompeii - The Forum13 viewsThe Forum

From my visit to Pompeii in August 2015
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20150820_121330.jpg
Italy, Pompeii - The Forum end of the Basilica11 viewsThe Forum end of the Basilica

From my visit to Pompeii in August 2015
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20150820_121336.jpg
Italy, Pompeii - The Forum end of the Basilica18 viewsThe Forum end of the Basilica

From my visit to Pompeii in August 2015
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20150820_140202.jpg
Italy, Pompeii - Vesuvius still looms large10 viewsA view from the inside of one of themany buildings, through the doorway with Vesuvius in the background still looming large over Pompeii

From my visit to Pompeii in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150820_115904.jpg
Italy, Pompeii - Wall moulding detail13 viewsA cupid sitting on a half lion, half fish. Part of a wall moulding.

From my visit to Pompeii in August 2015
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20150821_112304.jpg
Italy, Sorrento, Correale di Terranova Museum - Marble inscription10 viewsA marble inscription from the Correale di Terranova Museum, Sorrento.

From my visit to Sorrento in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150821_112452.jpg
Italy, Sorrento, Correale di Terranova Museum - Roman Trophy of Arms13 viewsA marble Trophy of Arms from the Correale di Terranova Museum, Sorrento.

From my visit to Sorrento in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150821_112526.jpg
Italy, Sorrento, Correale di Terranova Museum - Roman Trophy of Arms17 viewsA marble Trophy of Arms from the Correale di Terranova Museum, Sorrento.

From my visit to Sorrento in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150824_185211.jpg
Italy, Sorrento, Hilton Sorrento Palace Hotel lobby22 viewsThe hotel lobby contained an marble torso. The hollow in the neck showed that the head could be removed and possibly changed, as could the left arm, possibly to allow the figure to be shown to be holding different attributes as required.

From my visit to Sorrento in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150824_115143.jpg
Italy, Sorrento, view of Vesuvius across the Bay of Naples16 viewsA view of Mount Vesuvius across the Bay of Naples taken from the Port in Sorrento. A random tall ship sitting in the bay.

From my visit to Sorrento in August 2015
maridvnvm
20150824_190443.jpg
Italy, Sorrento, view of Vesuvius at dusk27 viewsA view of Mount Vesuvius across the Bay of Naples taken from half way up the cliffs above Sorrento taken at dusk.

From my visit to Sorrento in August 2015
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Italy- Rome- Coliseum constructed by Flavius and seen from outside~0.jpg
Italy- Rome- Coliseum constructed by Flavius and seen from outside53 viewsColosseum
The Colosseum or Coliseum, originally known as the Flavian Amphitheatre (lat. Amphitheatrum Flavium), is an amphitheatre in Rome, capable of seating 50,000 spectators, which was once used for gladiatorial combat. It was built by Emperor Vespasian and his son, Titus, between AD 72 and AD 90. It was built at the site of Nero's enormous palace, the Domus Aurea. The Colosseum's name is derived from a colossus (a 130-foot or 40-metre statue) of Nero which once stood nearby.

Construction
The construction of the Colosseum began under the Emperor Vespasian in AD 72 and was completed by his son, Titus, in the 80s AD. It was built at the site of Nero's enormous palace, the Domus Aurea, which had been built after the great fire of Rome in AD 64. Some historians are of the opinion that the construction of the Colosseum might have been financed by the looting of King Herod the Great's Temple in Jerusalem which occurred about AD 70. Dio Cassius said that 9,000 wild animals were killed in the one hundred days of celebration which inaugurated the amphitheatre opening. The arena floor was covered with sand to sop up the blood.

The Colosseum hosted large-scale spectacular games that included fights between animals (venationes), the killing of prisoners by animals and other executions (noxii), naval battles (naumachiae, via flooding the arena), and combats between gladiators (munera). It has been estimated that between 500,000 and 1,000,000 people died in the Colosseum games.

History of the name Colosseum
The Colosseum's name is derived from a colossus (a 130-foot or 40-metre statue) of Nero nearby. This statue was later remodeled by Nero's successors into the likeness of Sol, the sun god, by adding the appropriate solar crown. The link to Nero's colossus seems to have been forgotten over time, and the name was corrupted to Coliseum in the Middle Ages. Both names are frequently used in modern English, but "Flavian Amphitheatre" is generally unknown. In Italy, it is still known as il colosseo, but other Romance languages have gone for forms such as le colisée and el coliseo.

Description
The Colosseum measured 48 metres high, 188 metres long, and 156 metres wide. The wooden arena floor was 86 metres by 54 metres, and covered by sand. Its elliptical shape kept the players from retreating to a corner, and allowed the spectators to be closer to the action than a circle would allow.

The Colosseum was ingeniously designed. It has been said that most spectacle venues (stadiums, and similar) have been influenced by features of the Colosseum's structure, even well into modern times. Seating (cavea) was divided into different sections. The podium, the first level of seating, was for the Roman senators, and the emperor's private, cushioned, marble box was also located on this level. Above the podium was the maenianum primum, for the other Roman aristocrats who were not in the senate. The third level, the maenianum secundum, was divided into three sections. The lower part (the immum) was for wealthy citizens, while the upper part (the summum) was for poor citizens. A third, wooden section (the maenianum secundum in legneis) was a wooden structure at the very top of the building, added by Domitian. It was standing room only, and was for lower class women.

Underneath the arena was the hypogeum (literally, "underground"), a network of tunnels and cages where gladiators and animals were held before contests began. There were also numerous trap doors in the arena floor for the various animals hidden underneath. The arena floor no longer exists, and the hypogeum walls and corridors are clearly visible in the ruins of the building. The entire base of the Colosseum was equivalent to 6 acres (160,000 m˛).

A most ingenious part of the Colosseum was its cooling system. It was roofed using a canvas covered net-like structure made of ropes, with a hole in the center. This roof sloped down towards the center to catch the wind and provide a breeze for the audience. Sailors manipulated the ropes. The Colosseum also had vomitoria - passageways that open into a tier of seats from below or behind. The vomitoria of the Colosseum in Rome were designed so that the immense venue could fill in 15 minutes, and be evacuated in 5 minutes. Each entrance and exit was numbered, as was each staircase. There were 80 entrances at ground level, 76 for ordinary spectators, two for the imperial family, and two for the gladiators. The vomitoria quickly dispersed people into their seats and upon conclusion of the event disgorged them with abruptness into the surrounding streets - giving rise, presumably, to the name.

Later history
The Colosseum was in continuous use until 217, when it was damaged by fire after it was struck by lightning. It was restored in 238 and gladiatorial games continued until Christianity gradually put an end to those parts of them which included the death of humans. The building was used for various purposes, mostly venationes (animal hunts), until 524. Two earthquakes (in 442 and 508) caused a great damage to the structure. In the Middle Ages, it was severely damaged by further earthquakes (847 and 1349), and was then converted into a fortress. The marble that originally covered it was burned to make quicklime. During the Renaissance, but mostly in the Baroque age, the ruling Roman families (from which many popes came) used it as a source of marble for the construction of St. Peter's Basilica and the private Palazzi. A famous description is in the saying Quod non fecerunt Barbari, fecerunt Barberini; what the Barbarians weren't able to do, was done by the Barberinis (one such family).

The Venerable Bede (c. 672-735) wrote

Quandiu stabit coliseus, stabit et Roma; (As long as the Colosseum stands, so shall Rome)
Quando cadit coliseus, cadet et Roma (When the Colosseum falls, so shall Rome)
Quando cadet Roma, cadet et mundus. (When Rome falls, so shall the world)
Note that he used coliseus, i.e. he made the name a masculine noun. This form is no longer in use.

In 1749, as a very early example of historic preservation, Pope Benedict XIV forbade the use of the Colosseum as a quarry. He consecrated the building to the Passion of Christ and installed Stations of the Cross, declaring it sanctified by the blood of the Christian martyrs who were thought to have perished there. Later popes initiated various stabilization and restoration projects. Every Good Friday the pope leads a procession within the ellipse in memory of Christian martyrs. However, there is no historical evidence that Christians were tortured and killed in the Colosseum [2]. It is presumed that the majority of Christian martyrdom in Rome took place at the Circus Maximus.

In recent years, the local authorities of Rome have illuminated the Colosseum all night long whenever someone condemned to the death penalty gets commuted or released.

John Schou
Italy- Rome- Coliseum seen from outside~0.jpg
Italy- Rome- Coliseum seen from outside48 viewsColosseum
The Colosseum or Coliseum, originally known as the Flavian Amphitheatre (lat. Amphitheatrum Flavium), is an amphitheatre in Rome, capable of seating 50,000 spectators, which was once used for gladiatorial combat. It was built by Emperor Vespasian and his son, Titus, between AD 72 and AD 90. It was built at the site of Nero's enormous palace, the Domus Aurea. The Colosseum's name is derived from a colossus (a 130-foot or 40-metre statue) of Nero which once stood nearby.

Construction
The construction of the Colosseum began under the Emperor Vespasian in AD 72 and was completed by his son, Titus, in the 80s AD. It was built at the site of Nero's enormous palace, the Domus Aurea, which had been built after the great fire of Rome in AD 64. Some historians are of the opinion that the construction of the Colosseum might have been financed by the looting of King Herod the Great's Temple in Jerusalem which occurred about AD 70. Dio Cassius said that 9,000 wild animals were killed in the one hundred days of celebration which inaugurated the amphitheatre opening. The arena floor was covered with sand to sop up the blood.

The Colosseum hosted large-scale spectacular games that included fights between animals (venationes), the killing of prisoners by animals and other executions (noxii), naval battles (naumachiae, via flooding the arena), and combats between gladiators (munera). It has been estimated that between 500,000 and 1,000,000 people died in the Colosseum games.

History of the name Colosseum
The Colosseum's name is derived from a colossus (a 130-foot or 40-metre statue) of Nero nearby. This statue was later remodeled by Nero's successors into the likeness of Sol, the sun god, by adding the appropriate solar crown. The link to Nero's colossus seems to have been forgotten over time, and the name was corrupted to Coliseum in the Middle Ages. Both names are frequently used in modern English, but "Flavian Amphitheatre" is generally unknown. In Italy, it is still known as il colosseo, but other Romance languages have gone for forms such as le colisée and el coliseo.

Description
The Colosseum measured 48 metres high, 188 metres long, and 156 metres wide. The wooden arena floor was 86 metres by 54 metres, and covered by sand. Its elliptical shape kept the players from retreating to a corner, and allowed the spectators to be closer to the action than a circle would allow.

The Colosseum was ingeniously designed. It has been said that most spectacle venues (stadiums, and similar) have been influenced by features of the Colosseum's structure, even well into modern times. Seating (cavea) was divided into different sections. The podium, the first level of seating, was for the Roman senators, and the emperor's private, cushioned, marble box was also located on this level. Above the podium was the maenianum primum, for the other Roman aristocrats who were not in the senate. The third level, the maenianum secundum, was divided into three sections. The lower part (the immum) was for wealthy citizens, while the upper part (the summum) was for poor citizens. A third, wooden section (the maenianum secundum in legneis) was a wooden structure at the very top of the building, added by Domitian. It was standing room only, and was for lower class women.

Underneath the arena was the hypogeum (literally, "underground"), a network of tunnels and cages where gladiators and animals were held before contests began. There were also numerous trap doors in the arena floor for the various animals hidden underneath. The arena floor no longer exists, and the hypogeum walls and corridors are clearly visible in the ruins of the building. The entire base of the Colosseum was equivalent to 6 acres (160,000 m˛).

A most ingenious part of the Colosseum was its cooling system. It was roofed using a canvas covered net-like structure made of ropes, with a hole in the center. This roof sloped down towards the center to catch the wind and provide a breeze for the audience. Sailors manipulated the ropes. The Colosseum also had vomitoria - passageways that open into a tier of seats from below or behind. The vomitoria of the Colosseum in Rome were designed so that the immense venue could fill in 15 minutes, and be evacuated in 5 minutes. Each entrance and exit was numbered, as was each staircase. There were 80 entrances at ground level, 76 for ordinary spectators, two for the imperial family, and two for the gladiators. The vomitoria quickly dispersed people into their seats and upon conclusion of the event disgorged them with abruptness into the surrounding streets - giving rise, presumably, to the name.

Later history
The Colosseum was in continuous use until 217, when it was damaged by fire after it was struck by lightning. It was restored in 238 and gladiatorial games continued until Christianity gradually put an end to those parts of them which included the death of humans. The building was used for various purposes, mostly venationes (animal hunts), until 524. Two earthquakes (in 442 and 508) caused a great damage to the structure. In the Middle Ages, it was severely damaged by further earthquakes (847 and 1349), and was then converted into a fortress. The marble that originally covered it was burned to make quicklime. During the Renaissance, but mostly in the Baroque age, the ruling Roman families (from which many popes came) used it as a source of marble for the construction of St. Peter's Basilica and the private Palazzi. A famous description is in the saying Quod non fecerunt Barbari, fecerunt Barberini; what the Barbarians weren't able to do, was done by the Barberinis (one such family).

The Venerable Bede (c. 672-735) wrote

Quandiu stabit coliseus, stabit et Roma; (As long as the Colosseum stands, so shall Rome)
Quando cadit coliseus, cadet et Roma (When the Colosseum falls, so shall Rome)
Quando cadet Roma, cadet et mundus. (When Rome falls, so shall the world)
Note that he used coliseus, i.e. he made the name a masculine noun. This form is no longer in use.

In 1749, as a very early example of historic preservation, Pope Benedict XIV forbade the use of the Colosseum as a quarry. He consecrated the building to the Passion of Christ and installed Stations of the Cross, declaring it sanctified by the blood of the Christian martyrs who were thought to have perished there. Later popes initiated various stabilization and restoration projects. Every Good Friday the pope leads a procession within the ellipse in memory of Christian martyrs. However, there is no historical evidence that Christians were tortured and killed in the Colosseum [2]. It is presumed that the majority of Christian martyrdom in Rome took place at the Circus Maximus.

In recent years, the local authorities of Rome have illuminated the Colosseum all night long whenever someone condemned to the death penalty gets commuted or released.

John Schou
Italy- Rome- Coliseum seen from outside 1~0.jpg
Italy- Rome- Coliseum seen from outside 145 viewsColosseum
The Colosseum or Coliseum, originally known as the Flavian Amphitheatre (lat. Amphitheatrum Flavium), is an amphitheatre in Rome, capable of seating 50,000 spectators, which was once used for gladiatorial combat. It was built by Emperor Vespasian and his son, Titus, between AD 72 and AD 90. It was built at the site of Nero's enormous palace, the Domus Aurea. The Colosseum's name is derived from a colossus (a 130-foot or 40-metre statue) of Nero which once stood nearby.

Construction
The construction of the Colosseum began under the Emperor Vespasian in AD 72 and was completed by his son, Titus, in the 80s AD. It was built at the site of Nero's enormous palace, the Domus Aurea, which had been built after the great fire of Rome in AD 64. Some historians are of the opinion that the construction of the Colosseum might have been financed by the looting of King Herod the Great's Temple in Jerusalem which occurred about AD 70. Dio Cassius said that 9,000 wild animals were killed in the one hundred days of celebration which inaugurated the amphitheatre opening. The arena floor was covered with sand to sop up the blood.

The Colosseum hosted large-scale spectacular games that included fights between animals (venationes), the killing of prisoners by animals and other executions (noxii), naval battles (naumachiae, via flooding the arena), and combats between gladiators (munera). It has been estimated that between 500,000 and 1,000,000 people died in the Colosseum games.

History of the name Colosseum
The Colosseum's name is derived from a colossus (a 130-foot or 40-metre statue) of Nero nearby. This statue was later remodeled by Nero's successors into the likeness of Sol, the sun god, by adding the appropriate solar crown. The link to Nero's colossus seems to have been forgotten over time, and the name was corrupted to Coliseum in the Middle Ages. Both names are frequently used in modern English, but "Flavian Amphitheatre" is generally unknown. In Italy, it is still known as il colosseo, but other Romance languages have gone for forms such as le colisée and el coliseo.

Description
The Colosseum measured 48 metres high, 188 metres long, and 156 metres wide. The wooden arena floor was 86 metres by 54 metres, and covered by sand. Its elliptical shape kept the players from retreating to a corner, and allowed the spectators to be closer to the action than a circle would allow.

The Colosseum was ingeniously designed. It has been said that most spectacle venues (stadiums, and similar) have been influenced by features of the Colosseum's structure, even well into modern times. Seating (cavea) was divided into different sections. The podium, the first level of seating, was for the Roman senators, and the emperor's private, cushioned, marble box was also located on this level. Above the podium was the maenianum primum, for the other Roman aristocrats who were not in the senate. The third level, the maenianum secundum, was divided into three sections. The lower part (the immum) was for wealthy citizens, while the upper part (the summum) was for poor citizens. A third, wooden section (the maenianum secundum in legneis) was a wooden structure at the very top of the building, added by Domitian. It was standing room only, and was for lower class women.

Underneath the arena was the hypogeum (literally, "underground"), a network of tunnels and cages where gladiators and animals were held before contests began. There were also numerous trap doors in the arena floor for the various animals hidden underneath. The arena floor no longer exists, and the hypogeum walls and corridors are clearly visible in the ruins of the building. The entire base of the Colosseum was equivalent to 6 acres (160,000 m˛).

A most ingenious part of the Colosseum was its cooling system. It was roofed using a canvas covered net-like structure made of ropes, with a hole in the center. This roof sloped down towards the center to catch the wind and provide a breeze for the audience. Sailors manipulated the ropes. The Colosseum also had vomitoria - passageways that open into a tier of seats from below or behind. The vomitoria of the Colosseum in Rome were designed so that the immense venue could fill in 15 minutes, and be evacuated in 5 minutes. Each entrance and exit was numbered, as was each staircase. There were 80 entrances at ground level, 76 for ordinary spectators, two for the imperial family, and two for the gladiators. The vomitoria quickly dispersed people into their seats and upon conclusion of the event disgorged them with abruptness into the surrounding streets - giving rise, presumably, to the name.

Later history
The Colosseum was in continuous use until 217, when it was damaged by fire after it was struck by lightning. It was restored in 238 and gladiatorial games continued until Christianity gradually put an end to those parts of them which included the death of humans. The building was used for various purposes, mostly venationes (animal hunts), until 524. Two earthquakes (in 442 and 508) caused a great damage to the structure. In the Middle Ages, it was severely damaged by further earthquakes (847 and 1349), and was then converted into a fortress. The marble that originally covered it was burned to make quicklime. During the Renaissance, but mostly in the Baroque age, the ruling Roman families (from which many popes came) used it as a source of marble for the construction of St. Peter's Basilica and the private Palazzi. A famous description is in the saying Quod non fecerunt Barbari, fecerunt Barberini; what the Barbarians weren't able to do, was done by the Barberinis (one such family).

The Venerable Bede (c. 672-735) wrote

Quandiu stabit coliseus, stabit et Roma; (As long as the Colosseum stands, so shall Rome)
Quando cadit coliseus, cadet et Roma (When the Colosseum falls, so shall Rome)
Quando cadet Roma, cadet et mundus. (When Rome falls, so shall the world)
Note that he used coliseus, i.e. he made the name a masculine noun. This form is no longer in use.

In 1749, as a very early example of historic preservation, Pope Benedict XIV forbade the use of the Colosseum as a quarry. He consecrated the building to the Passion of Christ and installed Stations of the Cross, declaring it sanctified by the blood of the Christian martyrs who were thought to have perished there. Later popes initiated various stabilization and restoration projects. Every Good Friday the pope leads a procession within the ellipse in memory of Christian martyrs. However, there is no historical evidence that Christians were tortured and killed in the Colosseum [2]. It is presumed that the majority of Christian martyrdom in Rome took place at the Circus Maximus.

In recent years, the local authorities of Rome have illuminated the Colosseum all night long whenever someone condemned to the death penalty gets commuted or released.

John Schou
D-011-011v.jpg
Jean II de Bourbon (1456-1488), Obole19 viewsAtelier de Trevoux
+ IOhES : DVS : BORBONI : Lis avec brisure
+ : OBOLVS : TREVORCII : Croix dans le champ
0.61 gr
Ref : Divo Dombes # 11v, Boudeau # 1051v, Poey D'Avant # 5087v
Potator II
jd090508c.jpg
Julia Domna, Pietas44 viewsJULIA DOMNA
Ar denarius;18mm;3.08g

IVLIA AVGVSTA
draped bust right

PIETAS PVBLICA
Pietas standing left, raising both hands at altar

RIC 574;RSC 156
arizonarobin
jd090508b.jpg
Julia Domna, VENVS GENETRIX41 viewsJulia Domna,
Ar Antoninianus; 4.99g; 23mm

IVLIA PIA - FELIX AVG
Diademed draped bust right on crescent

VENVS GENETRIX
Venus seated left, holding sceptre

RIC 388a
arizonarobin
151~2.JPG
Lorraine, Duché de Lorraine, Antoine (1508-1544)6 viewsBlanc, argent, 0,57 g
A/ +AnThOn+D+G+CALABR+LOTO, épée en pal supportant un écu de Lorraine .
R/ + mOnETA+FACTA+ nAnCEI, croix de Lorraine évidée .
Réfs : Flon-94
Gabalor
sardes_dionys_thrys_blk.jpg
LYDIA, SARDIS9 views98-117 AD (time of Trajan, L. Julius Libonianus, strategos)
Pseudo-autonomous issue
Ć 15.5 mm, 2.43 g.
O: Head of Dionysus right, wearing ivy wreath
R: Filleted thyrsus; bee or fly to right.
Lydia, Sardis; Imhoof LS 13; SNG Copenhagen 508; BMC 75-6; RPC3 2393
laney
Lysimachos_Byzantium.jpg
Lysimachos - AR tetradrachm11 viewsByzantion
circa 125-75 BC
Head of the deified Alexander with Ammon's horns right
Athena Nikephoros seated left
BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ΛYΣIMAXOY
monogram (ΠΩΛYB) to left; BY below throne
trident in exergue
Dewing 1361, Müller 204. Marinescu 508 (O. 211 R. 483) issue 149; Gorny & Mosch: Auction 160 lot 1182, Künker Auction 174 lot 174
16,87 g 35-32 mm
Johny SYSEL
DSC02508.JPG
Macedon, Pella. AE 18. Bronze. 187-31BC36 viewsLaur. hd. of Poseidon r.
Rev. P E L Cow standing r., monograms below and to right. nice green patina.
Moushmov 6442.1. SNG Cop 259.
CGPCGP
061508marcian.jpg
Marcian (Augustus) Monogram19 viewsMarcian (Augustus)
AE 11.00g
Ob: D N MARCIANVS P F AVG - Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rv: Monogram within wreath + above
Mint: Nicomedia (450 - 457)
Ref: RIC X 564
Scotvs Capitis
marius_17.jpg
Marius, RIC V, 1732 viewsMarius, AD 269, Gallic Empire
AE - Antoninianus, 2.51g, 19mm
Cologne, 2nd emission, middle of 269
obv. IMP CM AVR MARIVS AVG
Bust, draped and cuirassed, radiate, r.
rev. VICTO - RI A AVG
Victory advancing l., holding palmbranch in l. arm and wreath in raised r. hand
RIC V/2, 17; C.21; Zschucke 248 (1st emission, AD 268!); Schulzki 7a (r1); Elmer 637; Cunetio 2508 (8 ex.); Mairat 239-40
Scarce, VF
Pedigree:
ex CNG
Jochen
massada.jpg
Masada Silver Token66 viewsThis is a silver Israeli token.

OBVERSE: MASADA SHALL NOT FALL AGAIN around שנית מצדה לא תיפול
REVERSE: Massada, above it reads בני חורן נשאר, benath the roman camp it reads WE SHALL REMAIN FREE MEN
aarmale
4604_4605.jpg
Maximian, Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM17 viewsAE Antoninianus
Maximian
Augustus: 286 - 305; 307 - 308; 310AD
Issued: 295 - 299AD
22.5 x 21.0mm
O: IMP CMA MAXIMIANVS PF AVG; Radiate, cuirassed bust, right.
R: CONCORDIA MILITVM; Maximian standing right on left, holding scepter, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left on right, holding scepter.
Exergue: KΔ, above line; (Dot), below line.
Cyzicus Mint
RIC 13, Δ
Aorta: 1391: B69, O24, R21, T125, M5.
lucernae 350801886599
5/31/13 3/7/17
Nicholas Z
nikopolis_caracalla_HrJJ(2011)8_18_47_23.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 18. Caracalla, HrHJ (2018) 8.18.47.2914 viewsCaracalla as Caesar, AD 196-198
AE 16, 3.31g, 16.16mm, 180°
obv. M AV K - ANTWNIN
Bust, draped and cuirassed, bare-headed, r.
rev. NIKOPOLITWN PROC IC
2 crossed Cornucopias with flowers and fruits
ref. a) not in AMNG:
rev. AMNG I/1, 1508
obv. e.g. AMNG I/1, 1507 (tripod)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2997
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.18.47.29
very rare, F+, dirty green patina
Jochen
aretas_2corn_right.jpg
Nabataean Kingdom: Aretas IV Philopatris, 9 BC - 40 AD13 viewsAE 14, 1.68g, 12h; Petra mint, 5/4 BC
Obv.: Laureate head of Aretas IV right, in field, below right, ח
Rev.: Two cornucopias parallel right, with palm branch issuing below;
in field on right, below, פצ ; on left above, ח
Reference: Obverse of Meshorer 62A(?), reverse of 61A
Notes: ex-FORVM
John Anthony
nabatea_aretasIV_Meshorer61a.jpg
Nabatean Kingdom, Aretas IV & Phasael, Meshorer 61a27 viewsAretas IV & Phasael, 9 BC - AD 40
Nabataean: Harithath
AE 14, 1.89g, 14.21mm, 0°
Petra, 5/4 BC
obv. laureate head of Aretas IV r.
rev. 2 parallel filleted cornucopias r., palm branch l.
below פצ (for Phasael), above ח (for Harithath)
ref. Meshorer Nabatean 61a
about VF, sandy patina

Phasael was the 4th son of Aretas IV. According to Meshorer these coins were issued only in 5/4 BC, the presumable year of birth of Phasael.
Jochen
nabatea_aretasIV_Meshorer62A.jpg
Nabatean Kingdom, Aretas IV & Phasael, Meshorer 62A14 viewsAretas IV & Phasael, 9 BC - AD 40
Nabataean: Harithath
AE 16, 2.90g, 15.74mm, 0°
Petra, 5/4 BC
obv. laureate head of Aretas IV r.
rev. 2 parallel filleted cornucopias r., palm branch l.
in lower r. field ח (for Harithat), above פצ (for Phasael)
ref. Meshorer Nabatean 62 A
F+, sandy patina

Phasael was the 4th son of Aretas IV. According to Meshorer these coins were issued only in 5/4 BC, the presumable year of birth of Phasael.
Jochen
nabatea_aretasIV_Meshorer63.jpg
Nabatean Kingdom, Aretas IV & Phasael, Meshorer 6310 viewsAretas IV & Phasael, 9 BC - AD 40
Nabataean: Harithath
AE 15, 2.52g, 1478, 0°
Petra, 5/4 BC
obv. laureate head of Aretas IV r.
[in r. field ח]
rev. 2 parallel filleted cornucopias l., palm branch l.
in lower l. field פצ (for Phasael)
ref. Meshorer Nabatean 63
about VF, grey green patina

Phasael was the 4th son of Aretas IV. According to Meshorer these coins were issued only in 5/4 BC, the presumable year of birth of Phasael.
Jochen
nabatea_aretasIV_Meshorer64.jpg
Nabatean kingdom, Aretas IV & Phasael, Meshorer 6431 viewsAretas IV, 9 BC - AD 40
Nabatean: Harithath
AE 15, 1.98g, 14.89mm
Petra, 5/4 BC
obv. laureate head of Aretas IV r.
rev. 2 crossed filleted cornucopias
between פצ (for Phasael)
ref. Meshorer Nabatean 64
about VF

Phasael was the 4th son of Aretas IV. According to Meshorer these coins were issued only in 5/4 BC, the presumable year of birth of Phasael.
Jochen
MFBNeapolis.jpg
Neapolis Campania Didrachm84 viewsHead of Parthenope left, wearing earing and beaded necklace. Tripod to right.

Man-headed bull standing right being crowned by winged nymph/victory; IΣ between legs NEOΠOΛITΩN in exergue

Neapolis, Campania
300-241 BC
7.21g

Sambon 517; Glasgow 57; BMC 129

Very rare!

Ex-HJB ebay

Dark toning; a few remaining deposits. Much nicer in hand with almost black toning.

Thanks to Molinari's research this is one of 6 known examples. The others are found in BMC, 129, Dati web, Glasgow 57, Leningrad 1014, Torino RDC17508.
4 commentsJay GT4
1274_Philip_II_Deultum2.jpg
Philip II - Deultum7 views244-247 AD
laureate head right
M IVL PH_ILIPPVS CAE
lion right
C F
P D
Draganov 1931 (O175/R663); Youroukova 508; Varbanov 3129
ex Aureo & Calicó
ex CNG
1 commentsJohny SYSEL
lg_follis_012508_1.jpg
Phocas (Augustus) AE Follis67 viewsPhocas (Augustus)
AE 40 Nummi 8.61g / 27mm / -
dN FOCA NE PE AV - Phocas standing facing, holding globus cruciger, on left, Leontia standing facing, holding cruciform scepter, on right, cross between their heads
A / N / N / O, r. II - Large M with cross above, ANNO and regnal year to sides.
Exergue: THEUP
Mint: Theoupolis (Antioch) (603/604 AD)
References: Sear 671, BMC 102
Scotvs Capitis
unknlaodikOR.jpg
Phrygia, Laodicea ad Lycum mint, Pseudo-autonomous issue, BMC 12617 viewsPhrygia, Laodicea ad Lycum mint, Pseudo-autonomous issue, 3rd century A.D. AE, 25mm 7.20g, BMC 126
O: IEPA CVNKΛHTOC, Draped bust of the Senate right
R: ΛAOIKEΩN NEΩKOPΩN, Tyche Pantheia, standing left, with various attributes; lotus-like headdress, crescent behind neck, wings, serpent and rudder in right hand, cornucopiae on left arm, wheel of nemesis at her feet, and ear of corn(?) growing behind her: border of dots

casata137ec
VIIIII_alex_spear_and_globe.jpg
PMTRP VIIII Alex spear and globe Dlsd51 viewsObverse: IMPSEVALE_XANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, left shoulder slightly draped
Reverse: PMTRPVIIII_COSIIIPP, SC left and right in field
Severus Alexander, laureate, in military dress, cloak behind back, standing left, right foot on helmet, globe in extended right hand and vertical spear reversed in left.
BMC 617-9, RIC 508
Weight, 8.91g; die axis, 12h.
1 commentsmix_val
As_PMTRP_VIIII_spear_and_globe.jpg
PMTRP VIIII Alex standing Globe and spear dup23 viewsObverse: IMP SEV ALE_XANDER AVG
Bust laureate right, left shoulder slightly draped
Reverse: P M TR P VIIII_COS III P P, SC left and right in field
Severus Alexander, laureate, in military dress, cloak behind back, standing left, right foot on helmet, globe in extended right hand and vertical spear reversed in left.
BMC 617-9, RIC 508
Weight, 11.032 g; die axis, 12h.
mix_val
80~3.jpg
PROBUS RIC 347 VAR. E1 BUST RRR13 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: CONSERVAT AVG
BUST TYPE: E1
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//TXXT
WEIGHT 3.64g / AXIS: 1h / WIDTH 23mm
RIC: 347 VAR. (E BUST UNLISTED)
COLLECTION NO. 508
6TH KNOWN SPECIMEN (INFORMATION FROM S.ESTIOT)
Barnaba6
324.jpg
PROBUS RIC 50817 views OBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: MARTI PACIF
BUST TYPE: H2
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: I/*//QXXI
WEIGHT 3.51g / AXIS: 6h
RIC: 508
COLLECTION NO. 239
THIS COIN IS PART OF THE CODED EQVITI SERIES ("I")
Barnaba6
936.jpg
PROBUS RIC 50813 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: MARTI PACIF
BUST TYPE: H2
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: I/-//QXXI
WEIGHT 4.20g / AXIS: 6h
RIC: 508
COLLECTION NO. 936
THIS COIN IS PART OF THE CODED EQVITI SERIES ("I")
Barnaba6
4781_4782.jpg
Probus, Antoninianus, RESTITVT ORBIS, II, XXI11 viewsAE Antoninianus
Probus
Augustus: 276 - 282AD
Issued: 281 - 282AD
23.0 x 21.5mm 3.70gr
O: IMP CM AVR PROBVS PF AVG; Radiate, cuirassed bust, right.
R: RESTITVT ORBIS; Probus standing left on right, holding globe and scepter, facing Orbis to left, holding wreath.
Exergue: II, above line; XXI, below line.
Siscia Mint
RIC 731, II; Cohen 509.
Aorta: 1563: B72, O38, R119, T78, M6.
numis-kimel 282508862850
6/4/17 6/24/17
Nicholas Z
8508_8509~0.jpg
Provincial, Markianopolis, Moesia Inferior, AE28, VΠΚVΝΤΙΛΙΑΝΟV 3 viewsAE28
Roman Provincial: Markianopolis, Moesia Inferior
Julia Domna
Born circa 170 - Died 217AD
Augusta: 193 - 217AD
&
Caracalla
Caesar: 197 - 198AD
Augustus: 198 - 209AD, with Septimius Severus; 209 - 2/4/211, with Septimius Severus and Geta; 2/4/211 - 12/26/211, with Geta; 12/26/211 - 217, sole reign.
Issued: 211 - 217AD
28.0mm 11.91gr 7h
O: ANTΩΝΙΝΟC AVΓΟVCTOC IOVΛΙΑ ΔΟΜΝΑ; Confronted busts of Caracalla, left, facing right, cuirassed and Julia Domna, right, facing left, draped.
R: VΠΚVΝΤΙΛΙΑΝΟV ΜΑΡΚΙΑΝΟΠΟΛΙΤΩΝ; Homonoia, standing left, modius on head, sacrificing over altar, patera in right hand, cornucopia and drapery on left arm.
Exergue: ε, upper left field.
Varbanov 1030; Moushmov 489; Naples 6294; SNG Cop 219; AMNG I 677.
northsidety/Tyler Cazes 223382115718
2/11/19 2/26/19
Nicholas Z
svoronos_450.jpg
Ptolemy II, Philadelphos, Bronze obol, Alexander; Svoronos 45014 viewsPtolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy II Philadelphos, 285 - 246 B.C., Portrait of Alexander the Great. Bronze obol, Svoronos 450, SNG Cop -, Weiser 31, aF, Alexandria mint, 10.508g, 22.2mm, 0o, post reform, c. 260 B.C. (with central depression); obverse head of Alexander the Great, in elephant scalp headdress, right; reverse “PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS”, eagle with wings open, standing left on thunderbolt, head left, E between legs. Ex FORVMPodiceps
JCT_Chaim_Berlin.JPG
Rabbi Chaim Berlin High School (Brooklyn, New York)119 viewsAE token, 31.5 mm., 10.98 gr., dated 1928

Obv: RABBI CHAIM BERLIN HIGH SCHOOL and ישובת ר״ חיים ברלין [Yeshivot Rabbeinu Chaim Berlin] along rim, EVERY/DOLLAR HELPS above building, תרפח [year 5688] and 1928 in fields to the sides, WHITEHEAD HOAG in tiny letters at 3-4 o’clock along rim.

Rev: – HELP BUILD THE FIRST JEWISH HIGH SCHOOL – and BROWNSVILLE & EAST NEW YORK along rim, $1.00 beneath building.

Ref: Kenny, So-Called Dollars 208; Friedenberg, Jewish Minters [?] 572; ANS Database 2000.1.374.

Note: Named after Rabbi Chaim Berlin (1832-1912), chief rabbi of Moscow (1865-1889), head of rabbinical court in Volozhin, Belarus (1889-1892), chief rabbi of Kobrin, Belarus (1892-1897) and Elizavetgrad, Ukraine (1897-1906), and co-chief rabbi of the Ashkenazi community in Jerusalem (1906-1912).

Note: The first yeshiva in Brooklyn, founded in 1904. The yeshivot are Lithuanian-style Haredi men’s yeshivot and now include elementary, high school, post-high school and rabbinical divisions. The high school division is now at 1571 Coney Island Avenue, Brooklyn.

Note: Minted by The Whitehead & Hoag Company, Newark, NJ (1880-1955).
Stkp
RIC_280_Domitianus.jpg
RIC 0280 Domitianus48 viewsObv: IMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG GERM COS XI, Laureate head right, with aegis
Rev: S-C in exergue; Domitian riding right with shield, striking with spear at falling German
AE/Sestertius (34.92 mm 26.19 g 5h) Struck n Rome 85 A.D. (1st issue)
RIC 280 (C), BMCRE 300A, BNF 317
ex Gitbud & Naumann Pecunem 31 lot 508
1 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
RIC_T_512_Domitianus.jpg
RIC 0512 Domitianus27 viewsObv: CAES DIVI VESP F DOMITIAN COS VII, Laureate head right
Rev: CERES AVGVST, S-C in field; Ceres standing left, with corn ears and torch
AE/Dupondius (26.88 mm 13.49 g 6h) Struck in Thrace (?) 80-81 A D
RIC 512 (C - Titus), RPC II 508
1 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
RIC_1555_Vespasianus.jpg
RIC 1555 Vespasianus28 viewsObv: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII, Laureate head right
Rev: NEP RED, Neptune standing left, right foot on globe, with acrostolium and sceptre
AR/Denarius (16.71 mm 2.81 g 6h) Struck in Antiochia ad Orontem (Syria, Seleucis and Pieria) 72-73 A D
RIC 1555 (C), RSC 274, BMCRE 508, RPC 1928
FlaviusDomitianus
R_940_w.jpg
RIC 50814 viewsAntoninianus
Ticinum mint, 4th officina
9th emission, 281
Obv. Rad bust l, in consular robes, eagle tipped sceptre in r hand, IMP C PROBVS AVG round
Rev. Mars walking l, olive branch in r hand, spear and shield on l arm, I in l field, QXXI in ex, MART-I P-ACIF round.
4.20 gm, 23.5 mm
Part of Ticinum EQVITI series II (First 'I')
1 commentsManzikert
R706_150802_GK.JPG
RIC 70615 viewsvrtsprb
R_508_w.jpg
RIC 81618 viewsAntoninianus
Siscia Mint, 5th officina
5th emission,
Obv. Rad bust l wearing consular robes, and holding eagle-tipped sceptre, IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG round
Rev. Mars striding r holding spear in r hand, trophy over l shoulder, VIRTVS-PROBI AVG round, XXI V in ex.
4 gm, 23 mm
Manzikert
ANTONIN.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Antoninus Pius, AE Tetrassaria14 viewsTetrassaria d'Antonin le Pieux. Ateleir de Philippopolis. Moushmov 5082 variante tęte laurée.
Avers: ΑνΓ ΛΙΤ ΛΙΑΔΡΙ ΑΠΤΟΠΙΠΩΓ. Tęte laurée ŕ droite d'Antonin le Pieux
Revers: ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟ ΠΟΛΕΙΤΩΝ. Apollon debout ŕ gauche, devant un autel et tenant un arc et une patčre
Kenobi O
ANTONIN.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Antoninus Pius, Tetrassaria6 viewsPhilippopolis Mint
AVT AI ADRI ANTWNINOC, Laureate head right
FILIPPOPOLEIWN, Apollo naked, standing left by altar, holding patera and bow
Moushmov 5082
Nicolas B
moneta 508 smaller b.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Caracalla, Alexandria Troas AE25 33 viewsobv: Bust right
rev: Eagle flying right, carrying bull's head.
Struck 196-217 A.D. at Alexandria Troas
Jericho
moneta 527.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Caracalla, Markianopolis, AE2582 viewsobv: Facing busts of Caracalla and Julia Domna
rev: Tetrastyle temple with peaked roof, statue of Serapis within holding right hand upraised & scepter in left.
Struck 196-217 A.D. at Markianopolis
Moushmov 508
1 commentsJericho
Tiberius_Dattari_103~0.jpg
Roman Empire Provincial, Tiberius Obol: Dattari Plate coin36 viewsEgypt, Alexandria. Dattari. Tiberius, 14-37 Obol circa 19-20 (year 6), Ć 20.1mm., 5.67g. Laureate head r. Rev. TIBEPIOY Hippopotamus standing r.; in exergue, L Geissen -. RPC 5087 (this coin cited). Dattari-Savio Pl. 4, 103 (this coin).
Brown tone, About Very Fine.
From the Dattari collection.
Naville Numismatics Aution 43, Lot 250 September 23, 2018
1 commentsorfew
33105q00.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Gold aureus18 viewsSH33105. Gold aureus, RIC II, part 1, 508; Calicó 884; BMCRE II -; BnF III -; Hunter I -; Cohen I -, VF, weight 7.392 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 87 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR·P VI, laureate head right; reverse IMP·XIIII COS XIII·CENS P·P·P·, Minerva standing left, helmeted and draped, thunderbolt in right hand, spear vertical behind in left hand, grounded shield at feet behind; ex Numismatik Lanz auction 144 lot 457; very rareJoe Sermarini
0120-520.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, HADRIAN, Consecration antoninianus - RIC 8771 viewsRome mint AD 250/251
DIVO HADRIANO Radiate head right
CONSECRATIO Eagle facing
4.02 gr, 20 mm
Ref : RIC IV # 87, Cohen # 1508, RCV # 9472
in qblay's catalog : AD19/A017
Potator II
s_MARTI_VICTORI_Lao.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Septimius Severus MARS denarius93 viewsRIC 508 (3,6 gm, 19 mm).
Mint of Laodicea, 199-200 AD.

Rare type - without captive
under the shield.

MARTI VICTORI
3 commentsneander
Trajan CNG El.130 -343~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, TRAJAN AE Sestertius, 98-117 AD188 viewsTRAJAN. 98-117 AD. Ć Sestertius (32mm, 28.81 g). Struck 106 AD. Laureate bust right, wearing aegis / Soldier on springing horse right, thrusting spear in right hand at Dacian falling forward before under horse's hooves; Dacian's head turned left and raising hands.
RIC II 534 var. (drapery on far shoulder); BMCRE 836; Cohen 508 var. (laureate only).
Ex CNG
From the Tony Hardy Collection.
1 commentsJan Terje R
hadrian~1.jpg
Roman Hadrian Dupondius or As9 viewsHadrian Dupondius or As
26 mm ; 11.9 g.
Obv.: HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P ; Bare headed bust of Hadrian, right, draped.
Rev.: BRITTANNIA / SC; Britannia, draped, seated on rocks, facing, body to left, propping head on right hand and holding transverse spear in left, right foot resting on rock: against left side, large shield.

RE3 1723A, p.508
Strack (Hadrian) 713
RIC2 846var, p.447 (var = reverse legend spelling)

Only four specimens of this coin are known.
Tanit
40508778_1064969257017176_2969076458971987968_n.jpg
Roman Imperial, Septimius Severus AE Denarius (197-198 AD)6 viewsRoman Imperial, Septimius Severus AE Denarius (197-198 AD)

L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP X, laureate head right.

PACI AETERNAE, Pax seated left, holding branch and scepter.

RIC 118 var, RSC 357 var, BMC 353 var
Gil-galad
00508q00-630x_.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC - AR Didrachm - Crawford 26/162 viewsRome, The Republic.
Anonymous, 234-231 BCE.
AR Didrachm (6.74g; 20mm).

Obv: Laureate head of Apollo facing right.

Rev: Horse rearing left; ROMA above.

Reference: Crawford 26/1; Sydenham 27.

Provenance: Ex Kuenker (25 Sep 2017) Lot 508; ex Bernhard Terletzkli Collection; ex Dr. Hagen Tronnier Collection; ex Kunker Auction 94 (2004), Lot 1650; ex Auctiones 10 (1979), Lot 303.
4 commentsCarausius
combine_images.jpg
Roman, Severus Alexander, Silver Denarius163 views59850. Silver denarius, SRCV II 7923, RIC IV 252, RSC III 508a, BMCRE VI 813, VF, scratches, 3.143g, 19.8mm, 0o, Rome mint, 231 - 235 A.D.; obverse IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, laureate bust right with drapery on left shoulder

Combined photo of coin with bust of Alex for comparison. Love the detail in the hair, eye, and beard. He looks a bit concerned.
2 commentsColby S
Trajan CNG El.130 -343.jpg
Roman, Trajan Sestertius583 viewsTRAJAN. 98-117 AD. Ć Sestertius (32mm, 28.81 g). Struck 106 AD. Laureate bust right, wearing aegis. RIC II 534 var. (drapery on far shoulder); BMCRE 836; Cohen 508 var. (laureate only).
Ex CNG
From the Tony Hardy Collection.
Trajan has a smart look in his face.
Jan Terje Rafdal
RPC_II_699_Domitianus.jpg
RPC II 0699 Domitianus28 viewsObv: ΔOMITIANOΣ KAIΣAP ΣEBAΣTOY YIOΣ, Laureate head of Domitian, right
Rev: EΠI M ΣAΛOYIΔHNOY ΠPOKΛOY ANΘIΠATOY / TIOΣ (Across field); Head of Zeus Tios (?) right
AE21 (21.19 mm 5.250 gr 6h) Struck in Tium (Bythinia) under Vespasian
RPC II 699 (possibly ex Spink, SNC, May 1979, 5081)
Purchased from Mike R. Vosper
2 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
david-ii-1.jpg
S.5088 David II23 viewsPenny of David II of Scotland (1329-1371)
Mint: Probably Edinburgh
First coinage, second issue
S. 5088
O: +DAVID DEI GRACIA
R: REX SCOTTORVM

David II was the last Scottish king of the house of Robert the Bruce.

Ex-CNG
1 commentsNap
salonina090508a.jpg
Salonina, Venus37 viewsAntoninianus; 2.31 g, 19-23 mm

SALONINA AVG
Draped bust right, wearing stephane, on crescent

VENVS VICTRIX
Venus standing right, leaning on column

Goebl 904c; Cunetio hoard 735 (Not in RIC)
arizonarobin
JIAQING_S_1508_H_18_16.JPG
Schjöth 1508, Hartill (QC) 18.16 Type 1.b, KM 476.220 viewsJiaqing (1796-1820)

1 cash (cast brass), 1796 – 1805 [?], Jiangxi Province (in Nanchang), 25 mm.

Obv: Jiaqing tongbao.

Rev: Boo chang.

Type 1 is comprised of coins with a six stroke bei and a large ji in jia, per the Board of Revenue reform type (cf. Schjöth 1489, Hartill (QC) 5.140 Type A1, KM 440.1). Type 1.b coins have a dot on the top left of the reverse.

Hartill rarity 10
Stkp
073~0.JPG
Second Empire - Napoléon III - 1 centime - 1854 D0 viewsBronze, 15 mm
Av./ NAPOLEON III EMPEREUR, Tęte de Napoléon laurée ŕ gauche.
Rv./ EMPIRE FRANCAIS / UN CENTIME, aigle, ailes ouvertes, regardant ŕ droite.
Réfs : F-102.12 (1 511 508 ex.)
Gabalor
severus_alexander.jpg
severus alexander31 viewsSeverus Alexander, 222-235 AD, Silver denarius .
Obverse- IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG laureate bust right.
Reverse- PROVIDENTIA AVG Providentia standing left, holding corn ears over modius and anchor.
RSC 508a, RIC 252.
20mm, 2.88 grams.
b70
severus-alexander-ae-denarius-reshoot.jpg
Severus Alexander Denarius Fouree. 231 AD18 viewsRoman Imperial, Severus Alexander Denarius Fouree, (231 AD), 2.5g, 18.4mm

Overse: IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, Laureate head right.

Reverse: PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing left with corn ears, anchor and modius at foot.

Reference: RSC 508a, RIC 252v

Ex: Bing
Gil-galad
side_cm_2.jpg
Side; AE 17.3; Head of Athena r., cm/ ΣΙΔH, Nike walking l., pomegranate15 viewsSide, Pamphylia. First century B.C. 17.3mm, 3.62g. Head of Athena r., in crested Corinthian helmet; countermark. / ΣΙΔΗ, Nike walking l.; in field, pomegranate. Cf. SNG Deutschland 4, 508. Ex Gerhard RohdePodiceps
399846_508558629181053_1849344234_n.jpg
Syracuse, Sicily, Dionysos I, 405 - 367 B.C.41 viewsBronze litra, Calciati vol. II, p. 89, 45, gF, 8.415g, 20.3mm, 0o, Syracuse mint, 405 - 367 B.C.; obverse SURA, head of Athena left wearing olive wreathed Corinthian helmet; reverse hippocamp left with bridles

"Dionysius I was tyrant of Syracuse. He conquered several cities in Sicily and southern Italy, opposed Carthage's influence in Sicily and made Syracuse the most powerful of the Western Greek colonies. He was regarded by the ancients as an example of the worst kind of despot - cruel, suspicious and vindictive."
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Licinius-II__AE-Follis-Sivered_LICINIVS-IVN-NOB-CAES-6-B4-l__VIRTVS-EXERCIT_S-F_VOT-XX_dot-TS-dot-A-dot_RIC-79-p508-1th_-off_-R2_Thessalonica_320-AD__Q-001_0h_18mm_3,19ga-s.jpg
Thessalonica, RIC VII 079, 133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, S/F//•TS•A•, VIRTVS EXERCIT, S-F, VOT/XX, R2!!62 viewsThessalonica, RIC VII 079, 133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, S/F//•TS•A•, VIRTVS EXERCIT, S-F, VOT/XX, R2!!
avers:- LICINIVS IVN NOB CAES, 6a, B4, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left, .
revers:- VIRTVS EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/XX, captive sit in ground on either side, S and F left and right side in fields.
exergo: S/F//•TS•A•, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,34g, axis: 0h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-79, p-509,R2!!
Q-001
quadrans
076_Philippus-II__AE-16_M_IVL_PHILIPPVS_CAES_C_F_P_D_Lion_Thrace-Deultum_Yur-508-B-II,_Varb-3129_Q-001_0h_15,5-17mm_3,06ga-s.jpg
Thrace, Deultum, 076 Philippus-II. (247-249 A.D.), AE-16, Varbanov II. 3129, C F P D, Lion advancing right.123 viewsThrace, Deultum, 076 Philippus-II. (247-249 A.D.), AE-16, Varbanov II. 3129, C F P D, Lion advancing right.
avers: M IVL PHILIPPVS CAES, Laureate head right.
reverse:- C F / P D, Lion advancing right.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 15,5-17,0 mm, weight: 3,06 g, axis:0h,
mint: Thrace, Deultum, date: A.D., ref: Varbanov II. 3129, Yorukova 508-B/II,
Q-001
quadrans
philippopolis_antoninus_pius_moushmov5082.jpg
Thracia, Philippopolis, Antoninus Pius, Moushmov 508261 viewsAntoninus Pius AD 138-161
AE 27, 8.97g
obv. AV K AIT AI ADRI - ANTWNEINO[C]
bust, laureate, r.
rev. FILIPPO - POLEITWN
Apollo, nude, standing l., holding bow in l. hand and laurel-branch in r. hand over flaming altar l.
Varbanov 780; Moushmov 5082
rare, about VF, green patina, some roughness
Jochen
Tiberius_Dattari_103.jpg
Tiberius Obol Ex Dattari plate coin Alexandria90 viewsEgypt, Alexandria. Dattari. Tiberius, 14-37 Obol circa 19-20 (year 6), Ć 20.1mm., 5.67g.
Obv: Laureate head r.
Rev. TIBEPIOY Hippopotamus standing r.; in exergue,
L Geissen -. RPC 5087 (this coin cited). Dattari-Savio Pl. 4, 103 (this coin).
Brown tone, About Very Fine.
From the Dattari collection.
Naville Numismatics Aution 43, Lot 250 September 23, 2018
5 commentsorfew
Titus_Ceres_Master_2a.jpg
Titus | Ceres * Rome - AR Denarius, 79-81 AD.80 views
Titus | Ceres * Rome - Silver Denarius

Obv: Laureate head right: IMP TITVS CAESAR VESPASIAN AVG P M
Rev: Ceres seated left, holding poppy and corn ears in outstretched right and torch vertical in left hand, cradled in crook of her left arm: TR P VIIII IMP XIIII COS VII

Exergue: Clear

Mint: Rome
Struck: 1 July – ca. 15 July, 79 AD.

Size: 17.88 mm.
Weight: 3.45 gms.
Die axis: 180°

Condition:

Refs:*
BMC, 7
Cohen 270 -
RIC II, 8D, page 117 -
SEAR RCV I (2000), 2508, page 465
RSC, 270a - Similar, but without PP at end of reverse legend.

Rare, as an issue struck for a very brief period (see above).
Struck 55-40 days prior to the eruption of Vesuvius which destroyed Pompeii, Herculaneum, et al. (24 August, 79 AD.)

Status: TCJH, Private Collection.

My gratitude to Curtis Clay for his kind assistance with dating & clarifications.
3 commentsTiathena
Trajanus_FallenDacian.jpg
Trajan AE Sestertius, SPQR Trajan on horse spearing Dacian RIC 54328 viewsTrajan. 98-117 AD. Ć Sestertius (33mm / 21.6 gm). Struck 105 AD. IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V PP, laureate head right, slight drapery on far shoulder / S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, S C in exergue, Trajan on horseback right, spearing Dacian beneath. RIC / (rev. RIC 543 >115; obv. 103-111); RCV 3204var. BMCRE 839; Hill 240; Cohen 508.mattpat
Trajan_Quadriga.jpg
Trajan AE34 Drachm Egypt, Alexandria. Trajan in triumphal quadriga. 9 viewsTrajan Ć Drachm of Alexandria. Dated year 13 = 109-110 AD. AVT TPAIAN C-EB , laureate bust right, aegis at left shoulder / emperor driving quadriga right, holding eagle tipped scepter & branch, L I above. Emmett 495.12, Geissen 496; Kampmann-Ganschow 27.186 mattpat
Trajan_AthenaFacingAres.jpg
Trajan Alexandria Drachm, Athena facing Ares12 viewsRoman Egypt. Trajan. A.D. 98-117. Ć drachm (33 mm, 18.90 g, 12'). Alexandria, year 17 (A.D. 113/4).  C, aureate bust right, wearing aegis / Athena standing right, holding spear and resting hand on shield set on ground, facing Ares, standing left, holding spear and parazonium; across field, L I-Z. Near Fine, dark brown patina. Milne 699; Emmett 407, Kampmann – Ganschow 27.533. Emmett 407.17mattpat
Trajan_Column2serpents.jpg
Trajan Alexandria Drachm, column with 2 serpents16 viewsTrajan Ć Drachm of Alexandria. Year 17 = 113/4 AD. 32mm, 20.16g AVT TPAIN CE EPM AKIK, laureate half length bust right, in aegis / column topped by modius & flanked by two uraeus serpents with skhent crowns; date LI-Z below. BMC 557, Emmett 396.17 Kampmann-Ganschow 27.551 1 commentsmattpat
Trajan_Trophy2captives.jpg
Trajan Alexandria Drachm, trophy with 2 captives14 viewsTrajan AE 33mm Drachm of Alexandria (24.73g). Year 12 = 109-110 AD. AVT K TPAIAN - CEB , laureate bust right, drapery by neck / LI-B, two captives seated at the base of a military trophy. Milne 602 var. Emmett 604.12, G. 515-516; D. 1115-1116; Kampmann 27.206 mattpat
20150519_184508-horz.jpg
Trajan RIC 345; Woytek 553v28 viewsTrajan 98-117 AD. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. After 20:th of february -ca. fall 116 AD. (3.22g; 18.83mm) Obv: IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIM AVG GER DAC PARTHICO, Laureate and draped bust right. Rev: P M TR P COS VI P P SPQR, Felicitas standing, holding short caduceus and cornucopia.
Woytek 553v; RIC 345

Ex: Tyche Numismatics
1 commentsPaddy
Trajan_HorsebackBlack.jpg
Trajan RIC 543; Woytek 317bD 37 viewsTrajan 98-117 AD. AE Sestertius. Rome Mint. Second half 107 - 110 AD. (23,20g, 31mm) Obv: IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P, Laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder. Rev: S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Emperor riding right, thrusts spear at Dacian in front of horse; in ex. S C.
Woytek 317bD; RIC 543; C 508

Ex: Octavian Coins, Lucernae, V-coins
1 commentsPaddy
4544_4545.jpg
Trajan, Denarius, PM TR P COS II PP9 viewsAR Denarius
Trajan
Augustus: 98 - 117AD
Issued: 98 - 99AD
18.0mm
O: IMP CAES NERVA TRAIANVS AVG GERM; Laureate bust, right.
R: PM TR P COS II PP; Concordia seated left, sacrificing left over altar with patera and holding two cornucopiae.
Rome Mint
RIC 2; RSC 212.
Aorta: 212: B5, O18, R40, T30, M2.
lucernae 350801794515
5/24/13 4/3/17
Nicholas Z
Trajan_S_C.jpg
Trajan-S C33 viewsTrajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.


Obverse:
Laureate head right

AVTOKP KAIC NEP TPAIANOC CEB EPM AK

AVTOKP: Imperator (Emperor)
KAIC: Caesar
NEP: Nerva
TPAIANOC: Trajan
CEB: SEBASTOS (grćsk indikation for augustus)
ΓEPM: Germanicus (honorary title for a German victory)
ΔAK: Dacicus (honorary title for a Dacian victory)


Reverse:
large S C, dot between S C

S C: Senatus Consultus, By the decree of the senate

Domination: Bronze AE 26,size 23 mm.

Mint: Antioch. Antiocheia ad Orentum, Seleucis and Pieria. SEAR 1078
John S
Fr#1508_Front.jpg
United States of America: 1928G Clark-Snyder Two Dollar Legal Tender Note (Fr#1508)11 viewsSpongeBob
Fr#1508_Rear.jpg
United States of America: 1928G Clark-Snyder Two Dollar Legal Tender Note (Fr#1508)8 viewsSpongeBob
6307_6308.jpg
Valens, AE3, GLORIA ROMANORVM13 viewsAE3
Valens
Augustus: March 28, 364 - August 9, 378AD
Issued: February 25, 364 - August 24, 367AD
18.5mm 2.50gr 0h
O: DN VALEN-S PF AVG; Diademed (pearls), draped and cuirassed bust, right.
R: GLORIA RO-MANORVM; Valens advancing right, dragging captive and holding labarum.
Exergue: SMKΔ
RIC IX Cyzicus 8b
Aorta: 508: B4, O7, R8, T15, M6.
ancientcoinmarket (GAC Auctions) 323130572975
3/19/18 4/4/18
Nicholas Z
2F211BE5-BC3A-4468-836B-5D0465508C5F.jpeg
Valentinian I/Gloria Romanorum2 viewsAE3 of Valentinian I, die axis 0 degrees, 8th oficina, 24 Aug 367 to 17 Nov 375 AD; Obverse DN VALENTINIANVS _ _ _ ___. Pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed, bust right. Reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, emperor dragging captive with right, labarum in left. ___ ss _ in exergue. From the Balkans.Celticaire
4972_4959.jpg
Valentinian II, AE2, REPARATIO REIPVB7 viewsAE2
Valentinian II
Augustus: 375 - 392AD
Issued: 375 - 383AD
22.0mm 4.31gr
O: DN VALENTINIANVS IVN PF AVG; Diademed (pearls), draped and cuirassed bust, right.
R: REPARATIO REIPVB; Valentinian II standing facing, holding hand of kneeling woman with a cornucopia left and Victory on a globe.
Exergue: PCON
Arelate Mint
Aorta: 134: B1, O3, R9, T19, M4.
lucernae 350888321766
10/10/13 2/3/17
Nicholas Z
5087_5088.jpg
Valentinian II, AE4, NO LEGEND; Wreath, VOT/V/MVLT/X, within.5 viewsAE4
Valentinian II
Augustus: 375 - 392AD
Issued: 378 - 383AD
15.0mm 1.30gr
O: DN VALENTINIANVS IVN PF AVG; Diademed (pearls), draped and cuirassed bust, right.
R: NO LEGEND; Wreath, VOT/V/MVLT/X, within.
Exergue: TRP
Treveri Mint
Aorta: 388: B1, O3, R27, T40, M15.
okta2000-2013 271940601907
8/5/15 2/3/17
Nicholas Z
Jannaneus3.JPG
YHNTN HMLK יהנתן המלכ BASILEWS ALEXANDROU67 viewsפרוטה ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥBohemian
     
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