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Search results - "Maesa"
MAESA-1.jpg
24 viewsJVLIA MAESA - Denarius - 218/222 AD
Obv.: IVLIA MAESA AVG, draped bust right
Rev.: PVDICITIA, Pudicitia seated left, raising veil and holding scepter.
Gs. 2,5 mm. 18,6
Cohen 36, RIC 268
Maxentius
Julia_Maesa_RIC_266.jpg
29.5 Julia Maesa13 viewsJulia Maesa
Denarius (Limes?) 218-222 AD

IVLIA MAESA AVG, draped bust right / PIETAS AVG, Pietas standing left, raising both hands up, lighted altar to left.

RIC 266; Sear 7755
Sosius
elag_maesa_dionys.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS & JULIA MAESA31 views218 - 225 AD
Æ 5 Assaria. 26 mm; 8.99 g
O: Confronted busts of Elagabalus and Julia Maesa
R: Dionysos standing left, holding thyrsus and pouring wine from kantharos; E in right field
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis (Marcianopolis)
Varbanov 1623; Pick 953
laney
elagab_maesa_bon_event.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS & Julia Maesa35 views218 – 222 AD
AE 23 mm, 9 g
O: Confronted busts of Elagabalus and Julia Maesa
R: Naked Bonus Eventus standing left holding patera in right hand and two grain ears in left hand; in left field retrograde E /WN in ligature.
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis (Marcianopolis);
AMNG 949; not in Hristova/Jekov (2014), not in Pfeiffer (2013)
[reverse is described in AMNG 949 as: "Genius (Bonus Eventus")]
laney
elagab_maesa_hermes_mark.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS & JULIA MAESA42 views218 - 222 AD
AE Pentassarion 27 mm, 11.85 g
(Julius Antonius Seleucus, consular legate)
O: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ.
Laureate and cuirassed bust of Elagabal right, facing draped bust of Julia Maesa left. (confronted busts)
d.s.
R: YΠ IOYΛ ANT CEΛEYKOY MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN.
Hermes standing left, holding purse and caduceus, resting with elbow on column; E in right field.
MOESIA INFERIOR. Marcianopolis; cf. Varbanov 1612
d.s.
1 commentslaney
elagab_maesa_bonus_eventus_r.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS & Julia Maesa9 views218 – 222 AD
AE 28 mm, 13.18 g
O: Confronted busts of Elagabalus and Julia Maesa
R: Naked Bonus Eventus standing left holding patera in right hand and two grain ears in left hand;
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis (Marcianopolis); ?retrograde E to left?
cf AMNG 949 [reverse is described in AMNG 949 as: "Genius (Bonus Eventus")]
laney
elagab_maesa_hera_2.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS & JULIA MAESA11 views218-222 AD (Antonius Seleucus, consular legate)
AE 29 mm, 11.25 g
O: Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus right vis à vis draped bust of Julia Maesa left
R: Hera standing left, holding patera and scepter, E in right field
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis. cf. Mouchmov 688; Varbanov 1626
laney
elagab_maesa_salus_r.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS (with Julia Maesa)11 viewsAD 218-222. (Julius Antonius Seleucus, consular legate)
Æ Pentassarion 27 mm; 10.92 g
O: Laureate head of Elagabalus right vis à vis diadmed and draped bust left of Maesa
R: Hygieia (Salus) standing right, feeding serpent held in arms; E (denomination) to left.
MOESIA INFERIOR, Marcianopolis. AMNG I 959; Hristova & Jekov 6.28.21.2; Varbanov 1636
laney
elagab_maesa_zeus_r.jpg
(0218) Elagabalus, with Julia Maesa11 viewsAD 218-222. (Julius Antonius Seleucus, legatus consularis)
AE Pentassarian 27 mm, 8.95 g
O: Confronted busts of Elagabalus right, laureate, draped, and cuirassed, and Maesa left, draped and wearing stephane
R: Zeus standing left, holding patera and scepter; E (mark of value) to right.
MOESIA INFERIOR, Marcianopolis. ref. a) AMNG I/1, 936
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1642
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No. 6.28.1.2 var. (E in right field)
laney
sev_alex_julia_maes.jpg
(0218) JULIA MAESA (WITH SEVERUS ALEXANDER)44 views(sister of Julia Domna; mother of Julia Soaemias; grandmother of Elegabalus and Severus Alexander)
222 - 235 AD
AE PENTASSARION 25.5 mm 10.85 g
O: AVT K M AVP CEVH
CONFRONTED BUSTS OF SEVERUS ALEXANDER AND JULIA MAESA
R: VP TIB IOVL FHCTOV MARKIANOPOLEITWN, "E" IN RIGHT FIELD
HOMONIA STANDING LEFT HOLDING PATERA AND CORNUCOPIA
MARKIANOPOLIS
laney
sev_alex_mamaea_hera.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER & JULIA MAESA8 views222-235 AD
(under governor Tiberius Julius Festus)
AE 26 mm max, 7.34 g
O: Confronted busts of Severus Alexander and Julia Mamaea
R: Hera standing head left holding patera and long scepter; E in left field
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis
laney
sev_alex_julia_maes_resized.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER AND JULIA MAESA60 views222 - 235 AD
AE PENTASSARION 25.5 mm 10.85 g
O: AVT K M AVP CEVH
CONFRONTED BUSTS OF SEVERUS ALEXANDER AND JULIA MAESA
R: VP TIB IOVL FHCTOV MARKIANOPOLEITWN, "E" IN RIGHT FIELD
HOMONOIA STANDING LEFT HOLDING PATERA AND CORNUCOPIA
MARKIANOPOLIS
laney
sev_julia.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER AND JULIA MAESA58 views222 - 235 AD
AE 25 mm 9.68 g
O: CONFRONTING BUSTS OF SEV. ALEX. AND JUL. MAES.
R: CONCORDIA STANDING L HOLDING PATERA AND CORNCOPIA, "E" TO LEFT
MARKIANOPOLIS
laney
normal_sev_alex_julia_maes_resizedblk.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER AND JULIA MAESA41 views222 - 235 AD
AE PENTASSARION 25.5 mm 10.85 g
O: AVT K M AVP CEVH
CONFRONTED BUSTS OF SEVERUS ALEXANDER AND JULIA MAESA
R: VP TIB IOVL FHCTOV MARKIANOPOLEITWN, "E" IN RIGHT FIELD
HOMONOIA STANDING LEFT HOLDING PATERA AND CORNUCOPIA
MARKIANOPOLIS
1 commentslaney
sev_alex_maesa_homon_mar_a_r.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER AND JULIA MAESA10 views222 - 235 AD
AE PENTASSARION 27.5 mm, 9.38 g
O: CONFRONTED BUSTS OF SEVERUS ALEXANDER AND JULIA MAESA
R: VP TIB IOVL FHCTOV MARKIANOPOLEITWN, "E" IN RIGHT FIELD. HOMONOIA STANDING LEFT HOLDING PATERA AND CORNUCOPIA
Moesia Inferior, MARKIANOPOLIS
laney
Elagabalus_Provincial_1.JPG
*SOLD*22 viewsElagabalus & Julia Maesa AE26 Pentassarion

Attribution: Moushmov 679, Marcianopolis, rare
Date: AD 218-222
Obverse: AVT KM AVP ANTWNEINOC, laureate & draped bust of Elagabalus and draped bust of Julia Maesa facing
Reverse: ANT VP IOVL CELEVKOV MARKIANO POLITWN, coiled serpent,
“E” in l. field, AMNG in exergue
Size: 28 mm
Weight: 12.24 grams
Noah
Elagabalus_and_Maesa.jpg
*SOLD*22 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa AE 27 Pentassarion

Attribution: Moushmov 660; Varbanov 1661, Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior
Date: AD 218-222
Obverse: AVT K M AcP ANT Ω NEINOC AY IOY Λ IA COVAIMI, laureate, draped, & cuirassed bust of emperor r. facing draped bust of Julia Maesa l.
Reverse:Y Π IOY Λ ANT CE Λ EYKOY MAPKINANO Π O Λ IT Ω N, Bonus Eventus stg. l. holding patera and corn ears (or laurel branch), “E” in l. field
Size: 26 mm
Noah
MaesaDen.JPG
023. Julia Maesa, grandmother of Elagabalus. AR Denarius.31 viewsAR Denarius. Eastern mint.

Obv. Draped bust right IVLIA MAESA AVG

Rev. Felicitas standing left holding long caduceus and sacrificing over altar SEACVLI FELCITAS, star in right field.

RIC271. CHEF, lustrous, weak strike, nicer than scan. Highest hair points on the obverse have lustre ruling out wear.


LordBest
Personajes_Imperiales_5.jpg
05 - Personalities of the Empire48 viewsDiadumenian, Elagabalus, Julia Maesa, Julia Soaemias, Aquilia Severa, Annia Faustina, Severus Alexander, Julia Mamaea, Orbiana, Maximinus I, Paulina, Maximus and Gordian Imdelvalle
Personajes_Imperiales_5~0.jpg
05 - Personalities of the Empire60 viewsDiadumenian, Elagabalus, Julia Maesa, Julia Soaemias, Aquilia Severa, Annia Faustina, Severus Alexander, Julia Mamaea, Orbiana, Maximinus I, Paulina, Maximus and Gordian I1 commentsmdelvalle
056_Elagabalus_(218-222_A_D_),_AE-16,_Markianopolis-Moesia-_VP-IOVL-ANT-CELEVKOV-MARKIANO_OLIT_N_H-J-6_28_3_3__Q-001_0h_27-28mm_13,24g-s~0.jpg
056p Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), and Julia Maesa, Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova-Jekov 06.28.3.3., AE-28, VΠ IOVΛ ANT CEΛEVKOV MAPKIANOΠOLITΩN, Zeus left,88 views056p Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), and Julia Maesa, Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova-Jekov 06.28.3.3., AE-28, VΠ IOVΛ ANT CEΛEVKOV MAPKIANOΠOLITΩN, Zeus left,
avers: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus facing diademed and draped bust of Julia Maesa
revers: VΠ IOVΛ ANT CEΛEVKOV MAPKIANOΠOLITΩN (AP and ΩN ligate), Zeus standing left with patera and sceptre, E to right.
exe: -/E//--, diameter: 27-28mm, weight: 13,24g, axis:0h,
mint: Moesia, Markianopolis, Magistrate:Iulius Antoninus Selevkus, date: 218-222 A.D.,
ref: Hristova/Jekov (2014) No. 06.28.3.3.,
Q-001
quadrans
58.jpg
058 Julia Maesa. AR denarius14 viewsobv: IVLIA MAESA AVG drp. bust r.
rev: PVDICITIA Pudicitia seated l. raising veil and holding scepter
"grandmother of Elagabalus"
hill132
Iulia-Maesa_AR-Den_IVLIA-MAESA-AVG_LAETITIA-PVBL_RIC-261(Elagab)_Q-001_7h_18,5-19mm_2,71g-s.jpg
061 Iulia Maesa ( ?-223 A.D.), RIC IV-II 261, Rome, AR-Denarius, LAETITIA PVBL, Pudicitia seated left, #190 views061 Iulia Maesa ( ?-223 A.D.), RIC IV-II 261, Rome, AR-Denarius, LAETITIA PVBL, Pudicitia seated left, #1
avers: IVLIA MAESA AVG, Draped bust right.
reverse: LAETITIA PVBL, Laetitia standing left, holding wreath in right hand and rudder on a globe in left hand behind.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5-19mm, weight: 2,71g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 218-222 A.D., ref: RIC IV-II 261 (Elagab), p-, ,
Q-001
quadrans
Iulia-Maesa_AR-Den_IVLIA-MAESA-AVG_PIETA-S-AVG_RIC-266_C-34a_Q-001_18-19mm_2_92g-s.jpg
061 Iulia Maesa ( ?-223 A.D.), RIC IV-II 266, Rome, AR-Denarius, PIETAS AVG, Pietas standing left, #184 views061 Iulia Maesa ( ?-223 A.D.), RIC IV-II 266, Rome, AR-Denarius, PIETAS AVG, Pietas standing left, #1
avers: IVLIA MAESA AVG, Draped bust right.
reverse: PIETA S AVG, Pietas standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding incense box.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 2,92g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 216-220 A.D., ref: RIC IV-II 266, p-50, RSC 34a, BMC 75, Sear (2000-2002) 7755,
Q-001
quadrans
Iulia-Maesa_AR-Den_IVLIA-MAESA-AVG_PIETAS-AVG_RIC-_RSC-_BMC-_Rome--AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
061 Iulia Maesa ( ?-223 A.D.), RIC IV-II 266, Rome, AR-Denarius, PIETAS AVG, Pietas standing left, #2117 views061 Iulia Maesa ( ?-223 A.D.), RIC IV-II 266, Rome, AR-Denarius, PIETAS AVG, Pietas standing left, #2
avers: IVLIA MAESA AVG, Draped bust right.
reverse: PIETA S AVG, Pietas standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding incense box.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5-19,0mm, weight: 2,38g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 216-220 A.D., ref: RIC IV-II 266, p-50, RSC 34a, BMC 75, Sear (2000-2002) 7755,
Q-002
1 commentsquadrans
Iulia-Maesa_AR-Den_IVLIA-MAESA-AVG_PVDICITIA_RIC-268_RSC-36_BMC-76_Rome-218-222-AD_Q-001_7h_18,5-19,5mm_2,80g-s.jpg
061 Iulia Maesa ( ?-223 A.D.), RIC IV-II 268, Rome, AR-Denarius, PVDICITIA, Pudicitia seated left, #1174 views061 Iulia Maesa ( ?-223 A.D.), RIC IV-II 268, Rome, AR-Denarius, PVDICITIA, Pudicitia seated left, #1
avers: IVLIA MAESA AVG, Draped bust right.
reverse: PVDICITIA, Pudicitia seated left, drawing out veil from the shoulder with right hand and holding sceptre in right.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 18,0-19,0mm, weight: 2,92g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 218-222 A.D., ref: RIC IV-II 268, p-50, RSC-36, BMC-76, Sear 7756,
Q-001
quadrans
061_Iulia_Maesa,_RIC_IV-II_268,_AR-Den,_IVLIA_MAESA_AVG,_PVDICITIA,_RSC-36,_BMC-76,_Rome,_218-222_AD,_Q-002,_6-7h,_18,0-19,5mm,_2,71g-s.jpg
061 Iulia Maesa ( ?-223 A.D.), RIC IV-II 268, Rome, AR-Denarius, PVDICITIA, Pudicitia seated left, #2133 views061 Iulia Maesa ( ?-223 A.D.), RIC IV-II 268, Rome, AR-Denarius, PVDICITIA, Pudicitia seated left, #2
avers: IVLIA MAESA AVG, Draped bust right.
reverse: PVDICITIA, Pudicitia seated left, drawing out veil from the shoulder with right hand and holding sceptre in right.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 18,0-19,5mm, weight: 2,71g, axis: 6-7h,
mint: Rome, date: 218-222 A.D., ref: RIC IV-II 268, p-50, RSC-36, BMC-76, Sear 7756,
Q-002
2 commentsquadrans
RI 076a img.jpg
076 - Julia Maesa denarius - RIC 25464 viewsObv:- IVLIA MAESA AVG, Bare head right
Rev:– IVNO, Juno veiled standing left, holding patera and sceptre.
References:- RIC 254, RSC 16
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_076e_img.jpg
076 - Julia Maesa denarius - RIC 26649 viewsDenarius
Obv:– IVLIA MAESA AVG Draped bust of Julia Maesa to right, her hair bound in a bun at the back
Rev:– PIETAS AVG Pietas standing facing, her head turned to left, raising both hands in prayer; at her feet to left, altar
Minted in Rome. A.D. 218-220
Reference– Cohen 34a. RIC 266

3.88g, 20.04mm, 180o
3 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_076d_img.jpg
076 - Julia Maesa denarius - RIC 27112 viewsObv:– IVLIA MAESA AVG, Bare head right
Rev:– SAECVLI FELICITAS, Felicitas standing left with long caduceus, sacrificing out of patera over lighted altar, star right
Minted in Rome.
Reference– RIC 271, RSC 45, BMC 79
maridvnvm
GI 077d img.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander and Julia Maesa, AE26, Markianopolis, Hera31 viewsAE26 (Pentassarion)
Obv:– AVT K M AVP CEVH AΛEΞANΔPOC KAI IOVΛIA MAICA, Confronted busts of Alexander and Maesa
Rev:– VΠ TIB IOVΛ ΦHCTOV MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN, Hera standing with long dressing- gown, holding patera and scepter. E in right field
Minted in Markianopolis, Moesia Inferior
Reference:– Moushmov 732 ??
1 commentsmaridvnvm
IMG_5280.JPG
082. Julia Maesa (grandmother of Elagabalus, sister of Julia Domna)13 viewsAv.: IVLIA MAESA AVG
Rv.: PVDICITIA

AR Denarius Ø19 / 1.9g
RIC IV 268 Rome, Cohen 36
Juancho
GI 077c img.jpg
092 - Severus Alexander and Julia Maesa, AE25, Markianopolis, Dikaiosyne26 viewsAE25
Obv:– AVT K M AVP CEVH ALEXANDROC KAI IOVLIA MAICA, Confronted busts of Alexander and Maesa
Rev:– VP TIB IOVL FHCTOV MARKIANOPOLEITWN, Dikaiosyne/Aequitas standing with scales and cornucopiae; on her arm – her article of clothing. E in right field.
Magistrate Tiberius Julius Festus
Minted in Markianopolis, Moesia Inferior

Ref??? Any help most welcome.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
image1_(3).JPG
195 Julia Maesa 24 viewsJulia Maesa (218 - 225 A.D.)
AR Denarius
O: IVLIA MAESA AVG, Draped bust right.
R: IVNO, Juno standing facing, head left, holding scepter and patera.
Antioch mint., 218 - 220 A.D.
1.97g
20mm
RIC IV 256 var. (diademed); RSC 20a
ex Mat
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
ElagabDenEleg.jpg
1bz Elagabalus_217 views218-222

Denarius

Laureate, horned & draped bust rightt, IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG
Elagabalus standing left, sacrificing from patera over lit tripod altar, holding branch, star in field left, SVMMVS SACERDOS AVG

RIC 146

The Historia Augusta, in the life of Caracalla, notes: Bassianus lived for forty-three years and ruled for six. . . . He left a son, who afterward received, like his father, the name Antoninus Marcus Antoninus Elagabalus; for such a hold had the name of the Antonines that it could not be removed from the thoughts of the people, because it had taken root in the hearts of all, even as had the name of Augustus.

In the life of Macrinus is recorded: Now there was a certain woman of the city of Emesa, called [Julia] Maesa or Varia; she was the sister of Julia, the wife of [Septimius] Severus Pertinax the African, and after the death of Antoninus Bassianus she had been expelled from her home in the palace through the arrogance of Macrinus. . . . This woman had two daughters, [Julia Soaemias] and [Julia] Mamaea, the elder of whom was the mother of Elagabalus; he assumed the names Bassianus and Antoninus, for the Phoenicians give the name Elagabalus to the Sun. Elagabalus, moreover, was notable for his beauty and stature and for the priesthood which he held, and he was well known to all who frequented the temple, and particularly to the soldiers. To these, Maesa, or Varia as she was also called, declared that this Bassianus was the son of Antoninus, and this was gradually made known to all the soldiers. Maesa herself, furthermore, was very rich (whence also Elagabalus was most wasteful of money), and through her promises to the soldiers the legions were persuaded to desert Macrinus. . . .

Finally, when he received the imperial power, he took the name Antoninus and was the last of the Antonines to rule the Roman Empire. . . . He was wholly under the control of his mother [Soaemias], so much so, in fact, that he did no public business without her consent, although she lived like a harlot and practised all manner of lewdness in the palace. For that matter, her amour with Antoninus Caracalla was so notorious that Varius, or rather Elagabalus, was commonly supposed to be his son. . . . In short, when Elagabalus' message was read in the senate, at once good wishes were uttered for Antoninus and curses on Macrinus and his son, and, in accordance with the general wish and the eager belief of all in his paternity, Antoninus was hailed as emperor. . . .

After he had spent the winter in Nicomedia, [218-219] living in a depraved manner and indulging in unnatural vice with men, the soldiers soon began to regret that they had conspired against Macrinus to make this man emperor, and they turned their thoughts toward his cousin Alexander, who on the murder of Macrinus had been hailed by the senate as Caesar. . . . Among the base actions of his life of depravity he gave orders that Alexander, whom he had formally adopted, be removed from his presence, saying that he regretted the adoption. Then he commanded the senate to take away from Alexander the name of Caesar. But when this was announced to the senate, there was a profound silence. For Alexander was an excellent youth, as was afterwards shown by the character of his rule, even though, because he was chaste, he was displeasing to his adoptive father he was also, as some declare, his cousin. Besides, he was loved by the soldiers and acceptable to the senate and the equestrian order. Yet the Emperor's madness went the length of an attempt to carry out the basest design; for he despatched assassins to kill Alexander. . . . The soldiers, however, and particularly the members of the guard, either because they knew what evils were in store for Elagabalus, or because they foresaw his hatred for themselves, formed a conspiracy to set the state free. First they attacked the accomplices in his plan of murdering Alexander. . . . Next they fell upon Elagabalus himself and slew him in a latrine in which he had taken refuge.
Blindado
JuliaMaesaDenPudicit.jpg
1cd Julia Maesa14 viewsDenarius

Draped bust, right, IVLIA MAESA AVG

Pudicitia std, PVDICITIA

Sister of Julia Domna and grandmother of Elagabalus and Severus Alexander, this tough lady organized the rebellion that toppled Macrinus. She died about 235.

RIC 268
Blindado
SevAlexDenSevAlex.jpg
1ce Severus Alexander27 views222-235

Denarius

Laureate draped bust, right, IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG
Sev. Alex in armor, P M TR P III COS P P

RIC 74

Herodian recorded: [The soldiers] were more favorably disposed toward Alexander, for they expected great things of a lad so properly and modestly reared. They kept continual watch upon the youth when they saw that Elagabalus was plotting against him. His mother Mamaea did not allow her son to touch any food or drink sent by the emperor, nor did Alexander use the cupbearers or cooks employed in the palace or those who happened to be in their mutual service; only those chosen by his mother, those who seemed most trustworthy, were allowed to handle Alexander's food.

Mamaea secretly distributed money to the praetorians to win their good will for her son; it was to gold that the praetorians were particularly devoted. . . . . Maesa, the grandmother of them both, foiled all his schemes; she was astute in every way and had spent much of her life in the imperial palace. As the sister of Severus' wife Julia, Maesa had always lived with the empress at the court. . . .

When Alexander received the empire, the appearance and the title of emperor were allowed him, but the management and control of imperial affairs were in the hands of his women, and they undertook a more moderate and more equitable administration. . . . At any rate, he entered the fourteenth year of his reign without bloodshed, and no one could say that the emperor had been responsible for anyone's murder. Even though men were convicted of serious crimes, he nevertheless granted them pardons to avoid putting them to death, and not readily did any emperor of our time, after the reign of Marcus, act in this way or display so much concern for human life.

In the fourteenth year, however, unexpected dispatches from the governors of Syria and Mesopotamia revealed that Artaxerxes, the Persian king, had conquered the Parthians and seized their Eastern empire, killing Artabanus [IV], who was formerly called the Great King and wore the double diadem. Artaxerxes then subdued all the barbarians on his borders and forced them to pay tribute. He did not remain quiet, however, nor stay on his side of the Tigris River, but, after scaling its banks and crossing the borders of the Roman empire, he overran Mesopotamia and threatened Syria.

Traveling rapidly, he came to Antioch, after visiting the provinces and the garrison camps in Illyricum; from that region he collected a huge force of troops. While in Antioch he continued his preparations for the war, giving the soldiers military training under field conditions. . . . The Romans suffered a staggering disaster; it is not easy to recall another like it, one in which a great army was destroyed, an army inferior in strength and determination to none of the armies of old.

Now unexpected messages and dispatches upset Alexander and caused him even greater anxiety: the governors in Illyria reported that the Germans [the Alamans] had crossed the Rhine and the Danube rivers, were plundering the Roman empire. . . . Although he loathed the idea, Alexander glumly announced his departure for Illyria. . . . Alexander undertook to buy a truce rather than risk the hazards of war. . . .

The soldiers, however, were not pleased by his action, for the time was passing without profit to them, and Alexander was doing nothing courageous or energetic about the war; on the contrary, when it was essential that he march out and punish the Germans for their insults, he spent the time in chariot racing and luxurious living. . . . They plotted now to kill Alexander and proclaim Maximinus emperor and Augustus. . . . Alexander's troops deserted him for Maximinus, who was then proclaimed emperor by all. . . . Maximinus sent a tribune and several centurions to kill Alexander and his mother, together with any of his followers who opposed them.
Blindado
J-Maesa-RIC-264.jpg
20. J. Maesa antoninianus.14 viewsAntoninianus, 218 - 219 AD, Branch mint.
Obverse: IVLIA MAESA AVG / Bust of Julia Maesa on crescent.
Reverse: PIETAS AVG / Pietas standing, holding incense box and raising hand over lighted altar.
4.80 gm., 22 mm.
RIC #264; S #7748.

The coinage of Julia Maesa is fairly extensive. Coins with her portrait were minted at Antioch (and/or other Eastern mints) from the beginning of Elagabalus' reign until that mint was closed in 220. The mint at Rome minted her coins for the entire four year period of his reign, and possibly even into the reign of Severus Alexander as well.

There is only one type of antoninianus listed for Julia Maesa, and this is it. This coin was minted early in the reign of Elagabalus, before the denomination was discontinued. Although RIC lists this coin as being minted in Rome, it may well have been minted by a mint that traveled with Elagabalus on his journey to Rome 218 - 219 AD.
Callimachus
RIC_0086.jpg
203. MACRINUS191 viewsMACRINUS. 217-218 AD.

Caracalla's mother, Julia Domna, had toyed with the idea of raising a rebellion against Macrinus shortly after her son's murder, but the empress was uncertain of success and already suffering from breast cancer. She chose to starve herself to death instead.

The grandchildren of her sister, Julia Maesa, would become the focus of the successful uprising that began on 15 May 218. Her 14-year-old grandson Avitus (known to history as Elagabalus) was proclaimed emperor by one the legions camped near the family's hometown of Emesa. Other troops quickly joined the rebellion, but Macrinus marshalled loyal soldiers to crush the revolt. Macrinus also promoted his son to the rank of emperor.

The forces met in a village outside Antioch on 8 June 218. Despite the inexperience of the leaders of the rebel army, Macrinus was defeated. He sent his son, Diadumenianus, with an ambassador to the Parthian king, while Macrinus himself prepared to flee to Rome. Macrinus traveled across Asia Minor disguised as a courier and nearly made it to Europe, but he was captured in Chalcedon. Macrinus was transported to Cappadocia, where he was executed. Diadumenianus had also been captured (at Zeugma) and was similarly put to death.

Contemporaries tended to portray Macrinus as a fear-driven parvenu who was able to make himself emperor but was incapable of the leadership required by the job. An able administrator, Macrinus lacked the aristocratic connections and personal bravado that might have won him legitimacy. His short reign represented a brief interlude of Parthian success during what would prove the final decade of the Parthian empire.

AR Denarius (18mm 3.55 gm). IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust with short beard right / SALVS PVBLICA, Salus seated left, feeding snake rising up from altar, holding sceptre in left. RIC IV 86; Good VF; Ex-CNG
2 commentsecoli73
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204a. Julia Paula164 viewsIVLIA CORNELIA PAVLA was the daughter of Julius Paulus, who was a Praetorian Praefect under Elagablalus. The Emperor Elagabalus, who arrived in Rome in the autumn of 219, was quickly becoming unpopular. It was probably Julia Maesa, his grandmother, who conceived the plan to marry him to a well-born Roman woman for two reasons: 1) to counter his public displays of homosexual and trans-sexual tendencies, and 2) to soften the disdain Romans felt for Syrians. She became the first wife of the fifteen-year-old Elagabalus 219, but was divorced only one year later, and returned to private life.

JULIA PAULA, wife of Elagabalus. Augusta, 219 AD. AR Denarius (20mm, 2.67 gm). Rome mint. Draped bust right / Concordia seated left holding patera; star in left field. RIC IV 211 (Elagabalus); RSC 6a. Toned;Ex-Cng
1 commentsecoli73
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204b. Julia Maesa29 viewsJulia Maesa (about 170- about 226) was daughter of Julius Bassianus, priest of the sun god Heliogabalus, the patron god of Emesa in the Roman province of Syria, and grandmother of the Roman emperor Elagabalus. Like her younger sister Julia Domna, she was among the most important women ever to exercise power behind the throne in the Roman empire.

Julia Maesa was married to Julius Avitus and had two daughters, Julia Mamaea and Julia Soaemias, each one mother of an emperor. Following the accession to the throne of her brother in law Septimius Severus, Julia Maesa moved to Rome to live with her sister. After the murder of her nephew Caracalla, and the suicide of Julia Domna, she was compelled to return to Syria. But the new emperor Macrinus did not proscribe her and allowed her to keep her money. In Syria, Maesa engaged in a plot to overthrow Macrinus and place one of her grandsons, Elagabalus son of Julia Soaemias, in his place. In order to legitimise this pretension, mother and daughter rumoured that the 14-year-old boy was Caracalla's illegitimate son. The Julias were successful, mainly due to the fact that Macrinus was of an obscure origin without the proper political connections, and Elagabalus became emperor.

For her loyalty and support, Elagabalus honored Julia Maesa with the title Augusta avia Augusti (Augusta, grandmother of Augustus). When the teenager proved to be a disaster as emperor (even taking the liberty of marrying a Vestal virgin), Julia Maesa decided to promote Alexander Severus, another of her grandsons. Elagabalus was forced to adopt Alexander as son and was murdered shortly afterwards.

Julia Maesa died in an uncertain date around 226 AD and, like her sister Domna before her, was deified.

Julia Maesa Denarius. PVDICITIA, Pudicitia seated left, raising veil and holding sceptre.

Julia Maesa Denarius. IVLIA MAESA AVG, draped bust right / PVDICITIA, Pudicitia seated left, raising veil and holding sceptre. RIC 268, RSC 36. s2183. No.1502. nVF.
RSC 444, RIC 88
ecoli
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204c. Julia Soaemias29 viewsJulia Soaemias Bassiana (180-March 11, 222) was the daughter of Julia Maesa, a powerful Roman woman of Syrian origin, and Julius Avitus. She was niece of emperor Septimius Severus and sister of Julia Avita Mamaea.

She was married to Sextus Varius Marcellus, a Syrian Roman of an Equestrian family (meaning not a member of the Roman senate). As members of the imperial Roman family, they lived in Rome, where their numerous children were born. In 217, her cousin emperor Caracalla was killed and Macrinus ascended to the imperial throne. Julia's family was allowed to returned to Syria with the whole of their financial assets. They would not allow the usurper to stand unopposed. Together with her mother, Julia plotted to substitute Macrinus with her son Varius Avitus Bassianus (Heliogabalus). To legitimise this plot, Julia and her mother spread the rumour that the 13-year-old boy was Caracalla's illegitimate son. In 218 Macrinus was killed and Heliogabalus became emperor. Julia then became the de facto ruler of Rome, since the teenager was concerned mainly with religious matters. Their rule was not popular and soon discontent arose. Julia Soaemias and Heliogabalus were killed by the Praetorian Guard in 222. Julia was later declared public enemy and her name erased from all records.

Julia Soaemias Denarius. 220 AD. IVLIA SOAEMIAS AVG, draped bust right / VENVS CAELESTIS, Venus seated left, holding scepter, extending her hand to Cupid standing before her. RSC 14.
ecoli
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205a. Julia Mamaea37 viewsJulia Avita Mamaea (180–235) was the daughter of Julia Maesa, a powerful Roman woman of Syrian origin, and Julius Avitus. She was a niece of emperor Septimius Severus and sister of Julia Soaemias Bassiana.

She was married to Gessius Marcianus had a son, later emperor Alexander Severus. Unlike her sister, Julia Mamaea was reported to be a virtuous woman, never involved in scandals. As a member of the Imperial Roman family, she watched closely the death of her cousin Caracalla and the ascent to power of her nephew Heliogabalus, the oldest grandson of Julia Maesa and her choice to the throne. But eventually Heliogabalus and his mother Julia Soaemias proved incompetent rulers and favour fell on Alexander, Julia's son. He became emperor in 222, following Heliogabalus's murder by the Praetorian Guard. Julia and her mother became regents in the name of Alexander, then 14 years old. Upon adulthood, Alexander confirmed his esteem for his mother and named her consors imperii (imperial consort). It was in this condition that she accompanied her son in his campaigns: a custom started with Julia Domna (Septimius Severus's wife). Thus she travelled to the East, for the campaign against the Parthian empire, and to the Germania provinces. Julia Mamaea was with Alexander in Moguntiacum (modern Mainz), capital of Germania Superior, when he was assassinated by his troops. She suffered the same fate.

Julia Mamaea Denarius. IVLIA MAMAEA AVG, diademed & draped bust right / VESTA, Vesta standing half-left, holding palladium & scepter. RSC 81.
ecoli
J-Maesa-RIC-249var.jpg
21. J. Maesa denarius.31 viewsDenarius, 218 - 220 AD, Antioch mint.
Obverse: IVLIA MAESA AVG / Bust of Julia Maesa.
Reverse: FECVNDITAS / Fecunditas seated, extending right hand holding a branch over a child, holding sceptre in left hand. Another child standing next to her.
3.03 gm., 18 mm.
RIC #249 var.; Sear #7748.

This coin is generally thought to have been minted during the reign of her other grandson, Elagabalus.
1 commentsCallimachus
jmaesa ant-~0.jpg
218-219 AD - JULIA MAESA antoninianus 28 viewsobv: IVLIA MAESA AVG (diademed & draped bust right, resting on crescent)
rev: PIETAS AVG (Pietas standing left, holding patera over altar & box of incense)
ref: RIC264(Elagabalus), C.30
mint: Rome, 4.56g
Scarce
Julia Maesa was the grandmother of Elagabalus and Severus Alexander, died c. 223-5 AD.
berserker
rjb_2016_09_02.jpg
218c7 viewsJulia Maesa
Denarius
Obv: IVLIA MAESA AVG
Draped bust right
Rev: PIETAS AVG
Pietas standing half-left extending hand over lit altar and holding incense box
Rome mint
RIC 263
mauseus
julia_paula_RIC211.jpg
220 AD - JULIA PAULA AR denarius25 viewsobv: IVLIA PAVLA AVG (draped bust right)
rev: CONCORDIA (Concordia seated left, holding patera; star in left field)
ref: RIC IVii 211 (Elagabalus) (S), RSC 6 (6frcs)
mint: Rome
2.91gms, 19mm
Scarce

In July 219, Julia Maesa had arranged for Julia Cornelia Paula (the daughter of Paulus, praetorian prefect) to marry her grandson, Rome's new emperor Elagabalus. Their wedding ceremony was a lavish ceremony that occurred in Rome. In September 220, Elagabalus ended his marriage to Paula and after the divorce, Elagabalus removed Paula's Augusta title. She withdrew from public life and her fate afterwards is unknown.
berserker
jmaesa den-.jpg
220-222 AD - JULIA MAESA billon denarius 18 viewsobv: IVLIA MAESA AVG (draped bust right)
rev: SAECVLI FELICITAS (Felicitas standing left with long caduceus, sacrificing out of patera over lighted altar, star right)
ref: RIC271(Elagabalus), C.45
3.08gms
berserker
maesa sest.jpg
220-222 AD - JULIA MAESA sestertius 50 viewsobv: IVLIA MAESA AVG (diademed & draped bust right)
rev: SAECVLI FELICITAS / S.C. (Felicitas standing left, sacrificing from patera over altar & holding long caduceus, star to right)
ref: RIC IVii 422 (Elagabalus) (S), BMCRE 397 (Elagabalus), Cohen 49 (6 fr.)
23.92gms, 30mm
Rare
1 commentsberserker
jmamaea_RIC679.jpg
230 AD - JULIA MAMAEA sestertius31 viewsobv: IVLIA MAMA-EA AVGVSTA (diademed & draped bust right)
rev: FELICITAS P-VBLICA (Felicitas seated left, holding caduceus & cornucopiae), S-C in ex.
ref: RIC 679 (Sev.Alex), Cohen 26
19.51gms,30mm
Julia Mamaea, daughter of Julia Maesa, sister of Julia Soaemias, and mother of Severus Alexander. On Roman coins she is honoured with the title of Augusta (A.D.222). She was ambitious and ruled under her son, even accompanying him to the Persian War, and her avarice caused her to commit acts of injustice in his name. Julia Mamaea was murdered along with her Imperial son in A.D.235.
berserker
RIC_263_Denario_Julia_Maesa.jpg
58-01 - JULIA MAESA (218 - 222 D.C) 15 viewsHermana de Julia Domna y abuela de Heliogábalo y Severo Alejandro, Madre de Julia Soemias y Julia Mamaea.

AR Denario 19.5 mm 3.1 gr.

Anv: "IVLIA MAESA AVG" - Busto vestido viendo a derecha.
Rev: " PIETAS AVG " – Pietas (La Piedad) de pié a izq., portando una caja de incienso en la mano izq. y poniendo incienso con la der. en una altar encendido ubicado a sus piés.

Ceca: Roma
Acuñada: 218 - 220 D.C.
Rareza: Común

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte II #263 Pag.50 - DVM #10/1 Pag.210 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #7754 Pag.631 – BMCRE Vol.5 #73/4, Pag.541 – M.Thirion “Le Monnayage d’Elagabal (218-222)” #405 - Cohen Vol.IV #29 Pag.394 - RSC Vol. III #29, Pag.128
mdelvalle
Denario_Julia_Maesa_PIETAS_AVG.jpg
58-01 - JULIA MAESA (218 – 222 D.C) 57 viewsHermana de Julia Domna y abuela de Heliogábalo y Severo Alejandro, Madre de Julia Soemias y Julia Mamaea.

AR Denario 19.5 mm 3.1 gr.

Anv: "IVLIA MAESA AVG" - Busto vestido viendo a derecha.
Rev: " PIETAS AVG " – Pietas (La Piedad) de pié a izq., portando una caja de incienso en la mano izq. y poniendo incienso con la der. en una altar encendido ubicado a sus piés.

Ceca: Roma
Acuñada: 218 - 220 D.C.
Rareza: Común

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte II #263 Pag.50 - DVM #10/1 Pag.210 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #7754 Pag.631 – BMCRE Vol.5 #73/4, Pag.541 – M.Thirion “Le Monnayage d’Elagabal (218-222)” #405 - Cohen Vol.IV #29 Pag.394 - RSC Vol. III #29, Pag.128
1 commentsmdelvalle
RIC_271_Denario_Julia_Maesa.jpg
58-02 - JULIA MAESA (218 - 222 D.C)12 viewsHermana de Julia Domna y abuela de Heliogábalo y Severo Alejandro, Madre de Julia Soemias y Julia Mamaea.

AR Denario 19 mm 2.5 gr.

Anv: "IVLIA MAESA AVG" - Busto vestido viendo a derecha.
Rev: " SAECVLI FELICITAS " – Felicitas de pié a izquierda, portando un largo caduceo en su brazo izquierdo y pátera en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido sacrificando sobre un altar. ” * “ en campo izquierdo.

Ceca: Roma
Acuñada: 220 - 220 D.C.
Rareza: Común

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte II #271 Pag.50 - DVM #12 Pag.210 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #7767 Pag.631 – BMCRE Vol.5 #79 – M.Thirion “Le Monnayage d’Elagabal (218-222)” #419 - Cohen Vol.IV #45 Pag.395 - RSC Vol. III #45c.
mdelvalle
Denario_Jula_Maesa_RIC_271_2.jpg
58-02 - JULIA MAESA (218 – 222 D.C)33 viewsHermana de Julia Domna y abuela de Heliogábalo y Severo Alejandro, Madre de Julia Soemias y Julia Mamaea.

AR Denario 19 mm 2.5 gr.

Anv: "IVLIA MAESA AVG" - Busto vestido viendo a derecha.
Rev: " SAECVLI FELICITAS " – Felicitas de pié a izquierda, portando un largo caduceo en su brazo izquierdo y pátera en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido sacrificando sobre un altar. ” * “ en campo izquierdo.

Ceca: Roma
Acuñada: 220 - 220 D.C.
Rareza: Común

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte II #271 Pag.50 - DVM #12 Pag.210 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #7767 Pag.631 – BMCRE Vol.5 #79 – M.Thirion “Le Monnayage d’Elagabal (218-222)” #419 - Cohen Vol.IV #45 Pag.395 - RSC Vol. III #45c.
mdelvalle
Elagab-Maesa-AE27-Marcian.jpg
65. Elagabalus & Julia Maesa.14 viewsAE27, Marcianopolis, Moesia.
Obverse: AVT K MAVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVT / Busts of Elagabalus and Julia Maesa facing each other.
Reverse: VΠ IVOΛ ANT CEΛEVKOV MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN / Jupiter standing, holding patera and staff. E in field to left.
13.5 gm., 28 mm.

The reverse legend indicates this coin was minted while Julius Antonius Seleucus was magistrate.

Callimachus
Alexander_Severus_-_Julia_Maesa.jpg
Alexander Severus - Marcianopolis16 viewsAE pentassarion
Tiberius Julius Festus, consular legate
225-226 AD
laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Severus Alexander right, confronting diademed and draped bust of Julia Maesa left
AVT K M AVP CEVH AΛEZANΔPOC IOVΛIA MAICA·
Dikaiosyne (Aequitas) standing half left, holding scales and cornucopia
VΠ TIB IOVΛ ΦECTOV M(AP)KIANOΠOΛIT(ΩN)
E
Moushmov 727
11,12g
Johny SYSEL
1405.jpg
bmcxxx-22 viewsElagabalus
Tyre, Phoenicia

Obv: Laureate draped bust right.
Rev: The legend of the founding of Tyre. Palm tree flanked by holy Ambrosial Stones, in exergue hound advancing right finds murex shell.
28 mm, 11.09 gms

BMC-, SNG Cop-, Cf. Rouvier 2411 (for Julia Maesa), CNG E-Sale 375, lot 106 variant, CNG E-Sale 368, lot 292 variant (In both CNG sales hound is advancing left.)
Charles M
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Bust right (laureate)123 viewsSAMARIA. Sebaste. Julia Soemias or Julia Maesa. Æ 20. Obv: Draped bust right; countermark below chin. Rev: COL▪L▪SEP▪SEB-(ASTE) or similar. Scene of rape of Persephone: Hades in galloping quadriga right, carrying Persephone in right arm, above horses Eros flying right; below overturned basket (?). Ref: BMC 16 or 18. Axis: 235°. Weight: 10.75 g. CM: Laureate (?) bust right, in rectangular punch, 4.5 x 6 mm. Howgego 141 (19 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
JuliaMamea.jpg
Denarius of Julia Maesa6 viewsA Denarius of Julia Maesa minted in Rome between 223-226 AD. 18.13 mm, 2.73 g.

Obverse: IVLIA MAESA AVG, draped bust right

Reverse: SAECVI-F_ELICITAS, Felicitas standing, facing and head left, patera in right hand over lit alter to left, caduceus in left hand.

Attribution: RIC IV, Part II, 271
chuy1530
EB0501_scaled.JPG
EB0501 Julia Maesa / Juno8 viewsJulia Maesa, AR Denarius, 218-222 AD.
Obv: IVLIA MAESA AVG, draped bust right.
Rev: IVNO, Juno standing left, holding patera and scepter.
References: RIC IV 254, RSC 16, BMC 67.
Diameter: 19mm, Weight: 2.888 grams.
EB
Julia_Maesa_03.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, AD 218/219, Julia Maesa, Dikaiosyne 11 viewsJulia Maesa
Alexandria
Billon-Tetradrachm
Obv.: IIOY MAICA CE MH CTPA, draped bust right
Rev.: LB=year 2=(218/219), Dikaiosyne standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae
Billon, 11.45g, 23mm
Ref.: Geißen 2351, Dattari 4218
shanxi
Elag&MaesaMarkSnake.JPG
Elagabalus & Julia Maesa, AE 2739 viewsAVT . K . M AVR ANTWNEINOC . AVG IOVLIA MAICA AVG .
Confronted laureate busts
VP IOVL ANT CELEVKOV MAPKIANOPOLI/TWN
E in exergue
Elaborately coiled snake, head right
Varbanov (Eng.) I, 1678 but this reverse is illustrated as 1677
AMNG Pick 973, citing BM 64 (courtesy of Curtis Clay)
H&J 6.28.22.1
whitetd49
lg_elag_markianopoli.jpg
Elagabalus & Julia Maesa, Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis32 viewsElagabalus & Julia Maesa
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis
AE 9.52g / 28.5mm / -
ΑVΤ Κ Μ ΑVΡΗ ΑΝΤΩΝΕΙΝΟC ΙΟVΛΙΑ ΜΑΙCΑ ΑVΓΟVC - Laureate head of Elagabalus r., facing bust of Maesa l.
VΠ ΙΟVΔ ΑNΤ CΕΛΕΥΚΟV ΜΑΡΚΙΑΝΟ - Athena standing facing head left, holding owl in her extended right hand and spear in left; shield at her side, E in field to right
Exergue: ΠΟΛΙΤΩΝ
(218-222 AD)
Wt./Size/Axis:
References: ANS 1997.32.53; Moushmov 666 var. like Plate VI 33; AMNG I, 1, no. 946

Issued by Julius Antonius Seleucus
1 commentsScotvs Capitis
lag___maesa.jpg
Elagabalus & Julia Maesa18 viewsElagabalus 218-222 & Julia Maesa, 28 mm, 5 assaria
Obv: AVT. K. M.. AVR. ANTNEINOS AV. IOVIA MAISA AV; Rev: V. IOV. ANT SEEKOV MARKINO. OITN / E
Podiceps
elagabal_maesa_1653.jpg
Elagabalus & Julia Maesa, Homonoia, Æ2912 viewsElagabalus 218-222 & Julia Maesa, Marcianopolis, Æ 29 (5 assaria), 10.2g, Rev. ΥΠ ΙΟΥΛ CΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ ΜΑΡΚΙΑΝΟΠΟΛΙΤΩΝ, Homonoia standing left holding patera and cornucopiae, E in field. Varbanov 1653 var.Podiceps
elagantioch.jpg
Elagabalus (218-222 AD) Billon Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria 219 AD14 viewsOBV: AVTK M A ANTWEINOC CEB; Laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder.
REV: DHMAPX EE YPi A TOC TOB; Eagle standing facing, wings spread, head right, wreath in beak; D - E across upper fields, star between legs.
wt 12.65 gm, app. 25 mm, Prieur 254, Mc Alee 761

Purchased from Forvm Ancient Coins

An early youthful portrait of Elagabalus but stylized and not very realistic. Elagabalus gained a reputation as a pervert but this may have been due more to his religious unorthodoxy than the fantastic excesses described by Roman historians. Only 13 when he rose to power, his imperium was a creation of his wealthy and ambitious aunt, Julia Maesa. In addition to his youth he apparently lacked any qualities of leadership. By trying to insert his strange brand of sun worship over the traditional Roman gods he further antagonized the public and was overthrown and murdered after a few years in office.
daverino
ELAGABALUS_13.jpg
Elagabalus 5 Assaria Varbanov 1648 var, Serapis16 viewsOBVERSE: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ. Laureate and cuirassed bust of Elagabal right, facing draped bust of Julia Maesa left
REVERSE: YΠ IOYΛ ANT CEΛEYKOY MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN. Bust of Serapis right, wearing kalathos; E in right field
11.15g, 27mm

Struck at Marcianopolis, 218-222 AD
Legatus
elamark.jpg
Elagabalus AE 26 of Markianopolis AD 22228 viewsOBV: AVT K M AVPH ANTWNEINOC; Laureate bust right, seen from behind.
REV: VP CERG TITIANOY MARKIANOPOTWN; Nemesis standing left holding scales and cornucopia with wheel at her feet.

The coin is a tetrassarion (4 assaria) of Markianopolis, a city in what is now Bulgaria founded by Trajan and named after his sister, Marciana. The pentassarions generally featured two busts on the obverse (Elagabalus and J.Maesa). The governor of Moesia when this coin was minted (222 AD) was Sergius Titianus. The coin is similar to AMNG 846 (Seleucus)
Purchased at the Boston Coin show Nov 2011

Diam 26 mm, wt 13.4 gm
1 commentsdaverino
Elagabalus_and_Tranquilina.JPG
Elagabalus and Julia Maesa37 viewsMarkianopolis
Moushmov 664 Elagabalus and Julia Maesa, AE27 of Moesia Inferior, Marcianopolis. Magistrate Seleucus. Confronted busts / Asklepios standing right, looking back. BMC 60. _sold
Antonivs Protti
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Elagabalus and Julia Maesa, AE27, VP IOUΛ AUΓ CEΛEUKOY MARKIANOPOΛΙΤΩΝ11 viewsAE27
Roman Provincial: Markianapolis, Moesia Inferior
Elagabalus
Augustus: 218 - 222AD
Julia Maesa
Died: 224AD
27.0mm 12.60gr
O: AVT K M AVR ANTΩΝΕΙNOC AVΓ IVLIA MAICA AVΓ; Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus, right, facing draped bust of Julia Maesa, left.
R: VP IOUΛ AUΓ CEΛEUKOY MARKIANOPOΛΙΤΩΝ; Fourfold coiled serpent, head lowered, right.
Exergue: E, upper left.
Varbanov 1658
tina0116g11 121136421526
7/8/13 4/29/17
Nicholas Z
emsnakeOR.jpg
Elagabalus and Julia Maesa, Varbanov I (E) 165829 viewsMarkianopolis mint, Elagabalus and Julia Maesa, A.D. AE, 29mm 11.18g, Varbanov I (E) 1658
O: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVLIA MAICA AVΓO, Laureate and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus r., facing draped bust of Maesa l.
R: VΠ I8Λ ANT CEΛEVKOV MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN, fourfold coiled serpent, with head erect, r., E in field to l.
2 commentscasata137ec
Elagabalus_SC_in_Wreath.JPG
Elagabalus SC in Wreath47 viewsElagabalus AE20, Antioch Syria, 218 - 220 AD, Antioch BMC 430
OBV: radiate head of Elagabalus right
REV: S dot C, Delta Epsilon above, eagle below all within laurel wreath
McAlee 788
Elagabalus was a teenaged priest of the sun god Heliogabalus, and was
infamous for his debauchery. He was a member of the powerful Syrian
clan headed by his grandmother, Julia Maesa, who engineered his rise
to power. His followers overthrew and killed his predecessor,
Macrinus, in fighting which culminated in and around Antioch. The
early part of Elagabalus' reign was spent at Antioch, after which he
traveled to Rome and took up residence there
1 commentsRomanorvm
JLMSSE01.jpg
Elagabalus, RIC 402, for Julia Maesa, Sestertius of AD 222 15 viewsÆ Sestertius (20.02g, Ø32.5mm, 12h), Rome mint, Struck AD 222
Obv.: IVLIA MAESA AVG, diademed and draped bust of Julia Maesa, mother of Elagabalus, facing right.
Rev.: PVDICITA (around) S C (in ex.), Pudicita seated left, raising veil and holding sceptre.
RIC (Elagabalus) 417 (S); Cohen 40
ex cgb.fr
Charles S
esammtORweb.jpg
Elagabalus, SNG ANS 99725 viewsNeapolis, Samaria mint, Elagabalus 218-222 A.D. AE, 21.5mm 11.22g, SNG ANS 997
O: AVT K M AVP ANTΩINOC, Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right (* A in square punch countermark)
R: ΦΛNEACΠ CVP ΠAΛ Mount Gerizim surmounted by temple and altar; stairway leads to temple, colonnade below mountain.
* Howgego 666 is the A countermark referenced (page 237) where 32 of the 37 countermarks are on Neapolis coins of Elagabalus, the others being J.Maesa (3), J.Soaemias (1) and Macrinus (1).The A is suggested as Alexander, possibly revalidating the coins of Elagabalus in that reign after the damnatio of Elagabalus. Mauseus
casata137ec
IVLIAMaesa.jpg
FECVNDITAS AVG15 viewsDenarius 20 mm, Rome AD 218-220
obv: IVLIA MAESA AVG, draped bust right; rev: FECVNDITAS AVG Fecunditas standing left, extending her hand over a child & holding cornucopiae.
RIC 249, RSC 8, BMC 61

Podiceps
1524c.jpg
hj6.28.01.025 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ., laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ IOVΛ ANT CEΛEV KOV MAPKIANOΠOΛI →TΩN, Zeus standing left holding patera in right hand and staff in left arm, E to left.
29 mm, 10.35 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.1.2
Charles M
1112.jpg
hj6.28.01.0410 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ., laureate draped cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ IOVΛ ANT CEΛEV KOV MAPKIANOΠOΛIT(ΩN), Zeus standing left holding patera in right hand and staff in left arm, E to right (very faint).
27 mm, 10.52 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.1.4
Charles M
1342.jpg
hj6.28.01.04_24 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ., laureate draped cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ IOVΛ ANT CEΛEV KOV MAPKIANOΠOΛIT(ΩN), Zeus standing left holding patera in right hand and staff in left arm, E to right.
26 mm, 11.72 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.1.4
Charles M
1215.jpg
hj6.28.03.013 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate draped cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ ANT CEΛEVKOV MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩ, Hera standing left holdingpatera in right hand and staff in left. E in right field.
27mm, 11.63 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.3.1
Charles M
1008c.jpg
hj6.28.03.02var10 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate draped cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ IOVΛ ANT CEΛEVKOV MAPKIANOΠOΛI →TΩN, Hera standing left holding patera in right hand and staff in left. E in right field.
26 mm 12.90 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.3.2 variant (position of E)
Charles M
722.jpg
hj6.28.03.0418 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate draped cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ ANT CEΛEVK(OV) MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN, Hera standing left holdingpatera in right hand and staff in left. E in right field (very faint).
27mm 8.60 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.3.04 (different ligate letters)
Charles M
1483c.jpg
hj6.28.03.054 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVPH ANTΩNEINOC IOVΛIA MAICA - AVΓ, laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ IOVΛ ANT CEΛ-EVK(OV). MAPKIANOΠ →OΛITΩN, Hera standing left holding patera in extended right hand, left hand resting on staff. E in right field.
28 mm 14.66 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.3.5 (different obverse legend)
Charles M
1324.jpg
hj6.28.03.xx2 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩ(NE)INOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ IOVΛ ANT CEΛEVKOV MAPKIANOΠOΛIT(ΩN), Hera standing left holding patera in right hand and staff in left. E in right field.
28 mm 10.37 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.3.xx (not in Hristova-Jekov)
Charles M
1667.jpg
hj6.28.04.017 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: [AVT. K. M.] AVPH ANTΩNEINOC IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓO[VC], laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ. IOVΛ. ANT. CEΛ-E-VKOV. MAPKIANO →ΠOΛITΩN, Athena standing left holding owl in extended right hand, left hand resting on spear, shield on ground at left. E in right field.
28 mm 12.54 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.4.1
Charles M
1282.jpg
hj6.28.04.035 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT. K. M. AVP ANTΩNEINOC IOVΛIA MAIC-A AVΓO, laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ. IOVΛ. ANT. CE-ΛEVK(OV). MAPKIANOΠ →OΛITΩN, Athena standing left holding owl in extended right hand, left hand resting on spear, shield on ground at left. E in right field.
29 mm 11.92 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.4.3 (slightly different obverse legend)
Charles M
665c.jpg
hj6.28.04.0415 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: [AVT] K M AVPH ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ CEPΓ TITIANOV MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩ, in right field N, Athena standing left holding patera and staff, shield resting on ground left. E in left lower field.
26 mm, 12.05 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.4.4
Charles M
1345.jpg
hj6.28.04.04_22 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: [AVT] K M AVPH ANTΩNEINOC [AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA], laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ CEPΓ TITIANOV MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩ, in right field N, Athena standing left holding patera and staff, shield resting on ground left. E in left lower field.
28 mm, 10.30 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.4.4
Charles M
649c.jpg
hj6.28.05.0316 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT. K. M. AVPH ANTΩNEINOC IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ. IOVΛ. ANT. CEΛEVKOV. MAPKIANOΠOΛIT →ΩN, Demeter standing left holding corn ears and staff. E in right field
27mm 12.69 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.5.3 ( no reverse legend break and different string of letters in exergue)
Charles M
1001c.jpg
hj6.28.05.03_210 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT. K. M. AVPH ANTΩNEINOC IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ. IOVΛ. ANT. CEΛEVKOV. MAPKIANOΠOΛI →TΩN, Demeter standing left holding corn ears and staff. E in right field
28 mm 15.20 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.5.3
Charles M
995.jpg
hj6.28.05.0411 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT. K. M. AVPH ANTΩNEI[NOC IOV]ΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ. IOVΛ. ANT. CEΛE-V-KOV. MAPKIANOΠ →OΛITΩN, Demeter standing left holding corn ears and staff. E in right field
26 mm 10.24 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.5.4 (different reverse legend break)
Charles M
1665.jpg
hj6.28.05.04_25 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT. K. M. AVPH ANTΩNEINOC IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ. IOVΛ. ANT. CEΛE-V-KOV. MAPKIANOΠ →OΛITΩN, Demeter standing left holding corn ears and staff. E in right field
30 mm, 17.49 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.5.4 (different reverse legend break)
Charles M
1325.jpg
hj6.28.05.xx3 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT. K. M. AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ. IOVΛ. ANT. CEΛEVKOV. MAPKIANOΠOΛ →ITΩN, Demeter standing left holding corn ears and staff. E in right field
26 mm, 11.74 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.6.xx (not in HJ)
Charles M
881c.jpg
hj6.28.06.0110 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT. K. M. AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ. IOVΛ. ANT. CEΛEVKOV. MAPKIANOΠOΛIT →ΩN, Hades Serapis standing left holding corn ears and staff. E in right field
27mm 9.41 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.6.1
Charles M
1196c.jpg
hj6.28.06.01_28 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT. K. M. AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ. IOVΛ. ANT. CEΛEVKOV. MAPKIANOΠOΛIT →ΩN, Hades Serapis standing left holding corn ears and staff. E in right field
27mm 8.40 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.6.1
Charles M
892c.jpg
hj6.28.06.0210 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate draped cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ ANT CEΛEVKOV M(AP)KIANOΠOΛIT(ΩN), bust of Serapis right wearing kalanthos. E in left field.
27mm 9.22 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.6.2 (different ligate letters)
Charles M
1080.jpg
hj6.28.06.02_28 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: [AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC ]AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate draped cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ ANT CEΛEVKOV M(AP)KIANOΠOΛIT(ΩN), bust of Serapis right wearing kalanthos. E in left field.
23 mm 9.05 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.6.2 (different ligate letters)
Charles M
1278.jpg
hj6.28.06.02_32 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate draped cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ ANT CEΛEVKOV M(AP)KIANOΠOΛIT(ΩN), bust of Serapis right wearing kalanthos. E in left field.
26 mm 8.73 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.6.2 (different ligate letters)
Charles M
1476.jpg
hj6.28.06.02_42 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate draped cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ ANT CEΛEVKOV M(AP)KIANOΠOΛIT(ΩN), bust of Serapis right wearing kalanthos. E in left field.
28 mm 10.76 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.6.2 (different ligate letters)
Charles M
1181.jpg
hj6.28.06.036 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate draped cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ IOVΛ ANT CEΛEVKOV MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN, bust of Serapis right wearing kalanthos. E in right field.
28 mm 13.82 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.6.3
Charles M
105.jpg
hj6.28.06.0512 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC IOVΛIAMAICA AVΓ, laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ CEΛEVK(OV) MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩ →N, Serapis standing facing, head left, right hand raised, holding scepter in left hand. E in left field.
27 mm, 12.71 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.6.5
Charles M
1077.jpg
hj6.28.06.05_29 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: [AVT K M AVP ]ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIAMAICA A(VΓ), laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ CEΛEVK(OV) [MAPKIANOΠOΛ]ITΩN, Serapis standing facing, head left, right hand raised, holding scepter in left hand. E in left field.
23 mm, 8.45 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.6.5
Charles M
1326.jpg
hj6.28.06.05_33 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC IOVΛIAMAICA AVΓ, laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ CEΛEVK(OV) MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩ →N, Serapis standing facing, head left, right hand raised, holding scepter in left hand. E in left field.
29 mm, 8.66 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.6.5
Charles M
1454.jpg
hj6.28.07.023 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K [M AVP ANT]ΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ., laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ [ANT]CEΛEV K(OV) M(AP)KIANOΠOΛIT, in left field, (ΩN), Apollo (Bonus Eventus?), naked, standing facing, head right, patera in right hand, thunderbolt in left hand, reverse E to left.
26 mm, 10.93 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.7.2
Charles M
1666.jpg
hj6.28.07.02_25 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ., laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ ANTCEΛEV K(OV) M(AP)KIANOΠOΛIT, in left field, (ΩN), Apollo (Bonus Eventus?), naked, standing facing, head right, patera in right hand, thunderbolt in left hand, reverse E to left.
27 mm, 10.58 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.7.2
Charles M
1239.jpg
hj6.28.07.0410 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M [AVPH ANTΩNE]INOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ., laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: [VΠ IOVΛ ANT] CEΛ-EVKOV MAPKIANOΠ →OΛITΩN, Apollo, naked, standing facing, head right, with arm over his head, holding bow, serpent climbing tree to right, E to left.
27 mm, 11.71 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.7.4
Charles M
683c.jpg
hj6.28.07.0516 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ., laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ IOVΛ ANT CEΛEV KOV MAPKIANOΠOΛIT(ΩN), Apollo, naked, standing facing, head right, with arm over his head, holding bow, serpent climbing tree to right, E to left.
28 mm, 13.39 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.7.5
Charles M
1285.jpg
hj6.28.07.05_214 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩ(NE)INOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ., laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ IOVΛ ANTCEΛEV KOV MAPKIANOΠOΛIT(ΩN), Apollo, naked, standing facing, head right, with arm over his head, holding bow, serpent climbing tree to right, E to left.
28 mm, 13.82 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.7.5
1 commentsCharles M
1027.jpg
hj6.28.08.0118 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ IOVΛ ANTCEΛEV KOV MAPKIANOΠOΛI →TΩN, Dionysos standing left pouring from kantharos and holding thyrsos in left arm. E in right field.
25 mm, 11.69 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.8.1 (sl different obverse legend)
Charles M
1026.jpg
hj6.28.08.0216 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ ANTCEΛEV K(OV) MAPKIANOΠOΛIT(ΩN), Dionysos standing left pouring from kantharos and holding thyrsos in left arm. E in left field.
27 mm, 11.54 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.8.2
Charles M
1300.jpg
hj6.28.08.xx5 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT[…]INOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ ANTCEΛEV KOV MAPKIANOΠOΛI →T(ΩN), Dionysos standing left holding bunch of grapes in right hand and holding thyrsus adorned with bow in left arm. E in right field.
26 mm, 10.50 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.8.xx (not in Hristova-Jekov), AMNG I 953.2, Moushmov 672
Charles M
672c.jpg
hj6.28.09.0114 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVPH ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ ANTCEΛEV K(OV) MAPKIANOΠOΛIT →ΩN, Nike standing facing, head left, leaning on column on left arm with palm branch, wreath in right hand. E in left field.
28 mm, 11.07 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.9.1
Charles M
999c.jpg
hj6.28.10.0311 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNINO[C AVΓ]IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ. I(OV)Λ. ANT. CEΛEV-KOV MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN, Hermes standing left holding purse and caduceus. E in right field.
26 mm, 8.40 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.10.3
Charles M
1095.jpg
hj6.28.10.0411 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ. I(OV)Λ. ANT. CEΛEVKOV MAPKIANOΠOΛIT →ΩN, Hermes standing left holding purse and caduceus. E in left field.
30 mm, 12.00 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.10.4
Charles M
1709.jpg
hj6.28.10.056 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ. IOVΛ. ANT. CEΛEVK(OV) MAPKIANOΠOΛIT(ΩN), Hermes standing left holding purse and caduceus, left arm resting on column. E in right field.
27 mm, 10.87 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.10.5
Charles M
651c.jpg
hj6.28.10.06var18 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVPH [ANTΩNEIN]OC IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ. IOVΛ. ANT. CEΛEV-KOV MAPKIANOΠOΛI →TΩN, Hermes standing left holding purse and caduceus, cock at feet. E in right field.
27 mm, 10.26 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.10.6 variant (different obverse legend, E in right field on reverse with different string of letters in exergue)

This is same obverse die as my coin varb1625.
Charles M
818.jpg
hj6.28.14.0110 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩ(NE)[INOC AVΓ ]IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate draped cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I[(OV)Λ ANT CEΛEVKOV ]MAPKIANOΠOΛIT →(ΩN), Herakles standing facing, head right, holding club resting on ground in right hand and lion skin in left. E in left field (very faint).
26 mm, 9.42 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.14.1
Charles M
312.jpg
hj6.28.20.214 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT. K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ CEΛEV K(OV) M(AP)KIANOΠOΛITΩN, Asklepios standing forward facing left, holding serpent entwined staff. E in left field.
26 mm, 13.77 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.20.2
Charles M
505.jpg
hj6.28.20.2var12 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT. K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ CEΛEV K(OV) MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN, Asklepios standing forward facing left, holding serpent entwined staff. E in left field.
26 mm, 10.05 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.20.2 variant (reverse legend sl different)
Charles M
852.jpg
hj6.28.20.2var28 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT. K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ CEΛEV K(OV) M(AP)KIANOΠOΛIT(ΩN), Asklepios standing forward facing left, holding serpent entwined staff. E in left field.
26 mm, 11.01 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.20.2 variant (reverse legend sl different)
Charles M
432c.jpg
hj6.28.20.315 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT. K. M. AVPH. ΛIOC. ANTΩNEINOC IOVΛIA MAIE(sic)A. laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ [I(OV)Λ ANT ]CEΛEVKOV MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩ →N, Asklepios standing facing head left, holding serpent entwined staff. E in left field.
26 mm, 11.76 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.20.3
Charles M
1490.jpg
hj6.28.20.xx4 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT. K. M. AVPH ANTΩNEINOC IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ. laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ IOVΛ ANT CEΛ-EVKOV MAPKIANOΠO→ΛIT(ΩN), Asklepios standing facing head left, holding serpent entwined staff. E in left field.
27 mm, 13.83 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.20.xx (not in HJ)
Charles M
934c.jpg
hj6.28.21.018 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT. K. M AVP ANTΩNEINOC. AVΓ. IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ ANT CEΛEV KOV M(AP)KIANOΠOΛIT(ΩN), Hygeia standing right, feeding snake from patera. E in left upper field.
27 mm, 10.00 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.21.1
Charles M
1276.jpg
hj6.28.21.01var4 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT. K. M AVP ANTΩ(NE)INOC. AVΓ. IOV[ΛIA MAICA AVΓ], laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ ANT CEΛEV K(OV) MAPKIANOΠOΛIT(ΩN), Hygeia standing right, feeding snake from patera. E in right field.
27 mm, 10.66 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.21.1 variant (different ligate letters obverse and reverse and E in right field instead of left)
Charles M
1268.jpg
hj6.28.21.01var_23 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT. K. M AVP ANTΩ(NE)INOC. AVΓ. IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ ANT CEΛEV K(OV) MAPKIANOΠOΛIT(ΩN), Hygeia standing right, feeding snake from patera. E in right field.
27 mm, 11.27 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.21.1 variant (different ligate letters obverse and reverse and E in right field instead of left)
Charles M
314.jpg
hj6.28.21.0214 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT. K. M AVP ANTΩNEINOC. AVΓ. IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ IOVΛANT CEΛEV KOV MAPKIANOΠOΛI →TΩN, Hygeia standing right, feeding snake from patera. E in left upper field.
26 mm, 10.10 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.21.2
Charles M
631.jpg
hj6.28.21.02_214 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT. K. M AVP ANTΩNE[INOC. AVΓ. IO]VΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ IOVΛANT CEΛEV KOV MAPKIANOΠOΛI →TΩN, Hygeia standing right, feeding snake from patera. E in left upper field.
26 mm, 10.67 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.21.2
Charles M
1028.jpg
hj6.28.21.02_315 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT. K. M AVP ANTΩNEINOC. AVΓ. IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ IOVΛANT CEΛEV KOV MAPKIANOΠOΛI →TΩN, Hygeia standing right, feeding snake from patera. E in left upper field.
26 mm, 11.03 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.21.2
Charles M
693c.jpg
hj6.28.21.0317 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT. K. M AVPH ANTΩNEINOC. IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ IOVΛ.ANT. CEΛEV KOV MAPKIANOΠOΛI →TΩN, Hygeia standing right, feeding snake from patera. E in left field.
28 mm, 13.80 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.21.3
Charles M
836c.jpg
hj6.28.21.03_211 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT. K. M AVPH ANTΩNEINOC. IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ IOVΛ.ANT. CEΛEV KOV MAPKIANOΠOΛI →TΩN, Hygeia standing right, feeding snake from patera. E in left field.
28 mm, 13.80 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.21.3
Charles M
1138.jpg
hj6.28.21.03_38 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT. K. M AVPH ANTΩNEINOC. IOVΛ[IA MAICA AVΓ], laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ IOVΛ.[ANT. CEΛEV KOV ]MAPKIANOΠOΛI →TΩN, Hygeia standing right, feeding snake from patera. E in left field.
23 mm, 10.11 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.21.3
Charles M
1092c.jpg
hj6.28.21.049 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVPH ANTΩNEINOC IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ IOVΛ ANT CEΛEVKOV MAPKIANOΠOΛIT →ΩN, Hygeia standing right, feeding snake from patera. E in left field.
27 mm, 12.75 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.21.4
Charles M
813.jpg
hj6.28.21.079 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩ(NE)INOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ IOVΛ ANT CEΛEVKOV MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN, Hygeia standing right, feeding snake from patera. E in left field (very faint).
25 mm, 11.01 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.21.7
Charles M
1484c.jpg
hj6.28.21.07_25 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩ(NE)INOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ IOVΛ ANT CEΛEVKOV MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN, Hygeia standing right, feeding snake from patera. E in left field.
29 mm, 12.81 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.21.7
Charles M
1287.jpg
hj6.28.21.xx4 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT. K. M AVP ANTΩNEINOC. IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ ANT CEΛEV KOV M(AP)KIANOΠOΛITΩ, Hygeia standing right, feeding snake from patera. E in left field.
27 mm, 11.33 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.21.xx (this obverse legend and bust type combination not in Hristova-Jekov)
Charles M
1398.jpg
hj6.28.21xx_23 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT. K. M AVPH ANTΩNEINOC. IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ IOVΛ ANT CEΛEV KOV MAPKIANOΠOΛIT(ΩN), Hygeia standing right, feeding snake from patera. E in left field.
28 mm, 12.50 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.21.xx (not in Hristova-Jekov)
Charles M
1141.jpg
hj6.28.22.017 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA [AVΓ], laureate draped cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ ANT CEΛEVK(OV) M(AP)KIANOΠOΛI →T E (ΩN), Serpent with many elaborate coils, head raised right.
24 mm 10.10 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.22.1
Charles M
908c.jpg
hj6.28.22.0213 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVPH ANTΩNEINOC IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right.
Rev: VΠ IOVΛ ANT CEΛEVKOV MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN, serpent with 2 coils, head right. E in upper right field (very faint).
26 mm, 10.10 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.22.2
Charles M
1038c.jpg
hj6.28.22.0311 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOCAVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ ANT CEΛEVKOV MAPKIANOΠOΛI →TΩN, serpent with 4 coils, head right. E in upper left field.
26 mm, 10.16 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.22.3
Charles M
1284.jpg
hj6.28.22.03_23 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ ANT CEΛEVK(OV) MAPKIANOΠOΛI →TΩN, serpent with 4 coils, head right. E in upper left field.
28 mm, 12.76 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.22.3
Charles M
311.jpg
hj6.28.22.0414 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ ANT CEΛEVKOV MAPKIANOΠOΛI →TΩN, serpent with 4 coils, head right. E in upper left field.
27 mm, 11.40 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.22.4
Charles M
345.jpg
hj6.28.22.0514 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ ANT CEΛEVKOV MAPKIANOΠO →ΛITΩN, serpent with 4 coils, head right. E in upper left field.
24 mm, 11.04 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.22.5
Charles M
1156.jpg
hj6.28.22.05_25 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: [AVT K M AVP ANTΩN]EINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ ANT CEΛEVKOV MAPKIANOΠO →ΛITΩN, serpent with 4 coils, head right. E in upper left field.
25 mm, 11.23 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.22.5
Charles M
1704c.jpg
hj6.28.22.077 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ IOVΛ ANT CEΛEVKOV MAPKIANO →ΠOΛIT(ΩN), serpent with 4 coils, head right. E in upper left field.
27 mm, 10.05 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.22.7
Charles M
1530.jpg
hj6.28.22.0813 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ ANT CEΛEVK(OV) M(AP)KIANOΠO →ΛITΩN, serpent with several elaborate coils, head right. E in upper left field.
28 mm, 10.54 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.22.8
Charles M
853.jpg
hj6.28.22.098 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ IOVΛ ANT CEΛEVKOV MAPKIANOΠOΛI-T(ΩN), E in exergue, serpent with several elaborate coils, head right.
27 mm, 11.21 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.22.9 (sl different ligate letters on reverse)
Charles M
1616.jpg
hj6.28.22.xx7 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAIC-A AVΓO, laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right.
Rev: VΠ IOVΛ ANT CEΛEVKOV MAPKIAN →OΠOΛITΩN, serpent with 2 coils, head (radiate) right. E in upper right field.
28 mm, 14.50 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.22.xx Obverse legend not in HJ
Charles M
529c.jpg
hj6.28.35.02var14 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVPH. ANTΩNEINOC. IOVΛIA. MAICA AVΓOC laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ ANT CEΛE-V KOV MAPKIANOΠOΛI →TΩN, Nemesis standing left, holding scales and cornucopia, wheel at feet left, E in right field.
26 mm, 10.75 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.35.2 variant (obverse and reverse legends)
Charles M
1140.jpg
hj6.28.35.02var25 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP. ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ. IOVΛIA. MAICA AVΓO laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ IOVΛ ANT CEΛE-V KOV MAPKIANOΠOΛI →TΩN, Nemesis standing left, holding scales and cornucopia, wheel at feet left, E in right field.
27 mm, 13.04 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.35.2 variant (obverse and reverse legends)
Charles M
1288.jpg
hj6.28.35.036 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT. K. M. AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ. I(OV)Λ. ANT. CEΛEVK(OV). M(AP)KIANOΠOΛIT(ΩN), Nemesis holding scales and scepter, wheel at her feet. E in right field
26 mm 13.48 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.35.3
Charles M
1445.jpg
hj6.28.35.047 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT. K. M. AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAIC-A AVΓO, laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ IOVΛ ANT - CEΛEVKOV MAPKIANOΠO →ΛITΩN, Nemesis holding scales and scepter, wheel at her feet. E in right field
27 mm 11.26 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.35.4
Charles M
1075.jpg
hj6.28.35.05var12 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT. K. M. AVP ANTΩ(NE)INOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ. IOVΛ. ANT. CEΛEVKOV. MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩ →N, Nemesis holding scales and cornucopia. E in right field
25mm 11.47 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.35.5 variant ("N" only in exergue)
Charles M
1489.jpg
hj6.28.35.084 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVPH ANTΩNEINOC IOVΛIA. MAICA AVΓ, laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ IOVΛ ANT CEΛEV - KOV MAPKIANOΠOΛI →TΩN, Nemesis standing left, holding scales and cornucopia, wheel at feet left, E in right field.
28 mm, 12.60 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.35.08
Charles M
1383.jpg
hj6.28.35.xx4 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT. K. M. AVPH ANTΩNEINOC IOVΛIA MA(…), laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ. IOVΛ. ANT. CEΛEVKOV. MAPKIANOΠOΛIT →ΩN, Nemesis holding scales and scepter, wheel at her feet. E in right field
26 mm, 9.07 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.35.xx Not in HJ.
Charles M
707.jpg
hj6.28.36.0216 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVPH ANTΩNEINOC IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ., laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ. IOVΛ. ANT. CEΛ-EVKOV MAPKIANOΠO →ΛIT(ΩN), Concordia standing facing, head left, holding corn ears and cornucopia. E in right field.
27 mm, 12.53 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.36.2 (different ligate letters on reverse)
Charles M
267.jpg
hj6.28.36.02var13 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVPHΛI ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ., laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ IOVΛ ANT CEΛ-EVKOV MAPKIANOΠO →ΛIT(ΩN), Concordia standing facing, head left, holding corn ears and cornucopia. E in right field.
29 mm, 16.50 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.36.2 Variant (different obverse legend, different conjoined letters and legend break on reverse)
Charles M
701.jpg
hj6.28.36.0513 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: [AVT K M AVP] ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIAMAICA AVΓ., laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ CEΛEVK(OV) M(AP)KIANOΠOΛITΩN, Concordia standing facing, head left, holding patera and cornucopia. E in left field below patera.
28 mm, 10.66 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.36.5 (sl different conjoined letters on reverse)
Charles M
864.jpg
hj6.28.36.05_210 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩ(NE)INOC AVΓ IOVΛIAMAICA AVΓ., laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ CEΛEVK(OV) M(AP)KIANOΠOΛIT(ΩN), Concordia standing facing, head left, holding patera and cornucopia. E in left field below patera.
26 mm, 12.54 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.36.5 (sl different conjoined letters on obverse and reverse)
Charles M
231c.jpg
hj6.28.36.0613 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIAMAICA AVΓ., laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ CEΛEVK(OV) MAPKIANOΠOΛIT(ΩN), Concordia standing facing, head left, holding patera and cornucopia. E in left field below patera.
27 mm, 13.15 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.36.6 (sl different conjoined letters on reverse)
Charles M
1139.jpg
hj6.28.36.06var5 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC IOVΛIAMAICA AVΓ., laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ CEΛEVK(OV) M(AP)KIANOΠOΛIT(ΩN), Concordia standing facing, head left, holding patera and cornucopia. E in left field below patera.
25 mm, 11.66 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.36.6 variant (obverse legend)
Charles M
504.jpg
hj6.28.36.06_212 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEI[NOC AVΓ] IOVΛIAMAICA AVΓ., laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ CEΛEVK(OV) MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN, Concordia standing facing, head left, holding patera and cornucopia. E in left field below patera.
26 mm, 10.07 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.36.6
Charles M
691c.jpg
hj6.28.36.06_311 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIAMAICA AVΓ., laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ CEΛEVK(OV) MAPKIANOΠOΛIT(ΩN), Concordia standing facing, head left, holding patera and cornucopia. E in left field below patera.
28 mm, 12.40 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.36.6 (sl different conjoined letters on reverse)
Charles M
800.jpg
hj6.28.36.06_47 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩ(NE)INOC AVΓ IOVΛIAMAICA AVΓ., laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ CEΛEVK(OV) M(AP)KIANOΠOΛIT(ΩN), Concordia standing facing, head left, holding patera and cornucopia. E in left field below patera.
27 mm, 10.21 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.36.6 (sl different ligate letters on obverse and reverse)
Charles M
38.jpg
hj6.28.36.0713 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC. AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA A(VΓ), laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ·IOVΛ CEΛE-V KOV MAPKIANOΠOΛI →TΩN, Concordia standing left, holding patera and cornucopia. E in right field.
25 mm, 11.04 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.36.7
Charles M
148.jpg
hj6.28.36.07_213 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC. AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ IOVΛ CE-ΛEV KOV MAPKIANOΠO →ΛITΩN, Concordia standing left, holding patera and cornucopia. E in right field.
26 mm, 8.23 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.36.7(different obverse legend and different string of letters in exergue)
Charles M
723.jpg
hj6.28.36.07_312 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVPH ANTΩNEINOC IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ. IOVΛ. ANT. CEΛEVKOV MAPKIANOΠO →ΛITΩN, Concordia standing right holding patera and cornucopia. E in left field.
26 mm, 10.40 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.36.7 (sl different obverse legend and different string of letters in exergue)
Charles M
1200.jpg
hj6.28.36.088 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC IOVΛIAMAICA AVΓ., laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ IOVΛ CEΛEVKOV MAPKIANOΠO →ΛITΩN, Concordia standing facing, head left, holding patera in right hand over flaming altar and cornucopia in left arm. E in lower right field.
28 mm, 13.55 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.36.8
Charles M
1455.jpg
hj6.28.36.xx4 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVPH ANTΩNEINOC IOVΛIAMAICA AVΓOVC., laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ IOVΛ CEΛEVKOV MAPKIANOΠ →OΛITΩN, Concordia standing facing, head left, wearing kalathos,holding patera in right hand and cornucopia in left arm. E in lower left field.
26 mm, 12.71 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.36.xx (Not in HJ)
Charles M
384c.jpg
hj6.28.38.316 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ [IOVΛIAMAI]CA AVΓ, laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ CEΛEVKOV MAPKIANOΠOΛIT(ΩN), Fortuna standing facing, head left, holding rudder and cornucopia. E in left field beneath arm.
28 mm, 12.90 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.38.3
Charles M
1712C.jpg
hj6.28.38.3_27 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIAMAICA AVΓ, laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ CEΛEVKOV M(AP)KIANOΠOΛIT(ΩN), Fortuna standing facing, head left, holding rudder and cornucopia. E in left field beneath arm.
28 mm, 13.17 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.38.3
Charles M
1710~0.jpg
hj6.28.38.3_37 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIAMAICA AVΓ, laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ CEΛEVKOV M(AP)KIANOΠOΛIT(ΩN), Fortuna standing facing, head left, holding rudder and cornucopia. E in left field beneath arm.
29 mm, 12.29 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.38.3
Charles M
1710.jpg
hj6.28.38.3_37 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIAMAICA AVΓ, laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ CEΛEVKOV M(AP)KIANOΠOΛIT(ΩN), Fortuna standing facing, head left, holding rudder and cornucopia. E in left field beneath arm.
29 mm, 12.29 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.38.3
Charles M
699.jpg
hj6.28.38.417 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVPH ANTΩNEINOC IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ IOVΛ ANT CEΛEVKOV MAPKIANOΠO →ΛIT(ΩN), Fortuna standing facing, head left wearing kalathos, holding rudder on globe and cornucopia. E in right field.
26 mm, 9.17 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.38.xx Not in HJ.
Charles M
1052.jpg
hj6.28.38.58 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIAMAICA AVΓ, laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ CEΛEV(KO)V M(AP)KIANOΠOΛIT(ΩN), Fortuna standing facing, head left, holding rudder and cornucopia. E in left field above arm.
27 mm, 13.84 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.38.5
Charles M
824.jpg
hj6.28.39.0110 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVPH ANTΩNEINOC IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ IOVΛANT CEΛEVKOV. MAPKIANOΠOΛI →TΩN, Liberalis standing left holding cornucopia in left arm and abacus in raised right hand. E in right field
28 mm 14.35 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.39.1
Charles M
375.jpg
hj6.28.54.127 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT[ K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC] AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: .ΠV./ IOVΛ AN/ TΩNINOV CEΛ/ EV.KOV.MAPK/ IANOΠOΛIT/ ΩN, legend in six lines inside laurel wreath. Wreath closed at bottom with E.
24 mm, 9.18 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.54.1
1 commentsCharles M
1280.jpg
hj6.28.xx.xx3 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K M AVPH (…)INOC IOVΛIA MAICA , laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ·IOVΛ CEΛE-V KOV MAPK(…) →ΩN, Concordia (?) standing left, holding something and cornucopia.
26 mm, 9.71 gms

Hristova-Jekov 6.28.xx.xx (Hristova-Jekov does not list a coin with this obverse legend)
Charles M
Iulia_Maesa_RIC_268.jpg
Iulia Maesa RIC 26828 viewsSilver Denarius ( 20mm - 2.49g)
obv. IVLIA MAESA AVG
diademed and draped bust right
rev. PVDICITIA
Pudicitia seated left, drawing out veil from shoulder with right hand and holding
sceptre in right
RIC 268
Rome
HolgerG
Iulia-Maesa_AR-Den_IVLIA-MAESA-AVG_PIETA-S-AVG_RIC-266_C-34a_Q-001_18-19mm_2_92g-s~0.jpg
Iulia Maesa, AR-Denarius, PIETAS AVG142 viewsIulia Maesa, AR-Denarius,
avers:-IVLIA-MAESA-AVG,
revers:-PIETA-S-AVG,
diameter: 18-19mm
weight: 2,92g
mint:
date:
ref: RIC-266, C-34a
Q-001
quadrans
19.jpg
Iulia Maesa, denario (225 d.C. circa)43 viewsGiulia Maesa (nonna di Eliogabalo e Severo Alessandro, morta nel 225).
Ar, denario. 2.8 gr. 19 mm, BB
D/ IVLIA MAESA AVG, busto drappeggiato a destra.
R/ PVDICITIA, Pudicitia seduta a sinistra, velata e reggente uno scettro.
RSC 36
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (10 giugno 2007, numero catalogo 115); ex collezione Julia N. Nicol (Saint Petersburg FL Usa, fino al 2007).
paolo
collage18.jpg
Julia Maesa32 viewsJULIA MAESA
AR denarius
Rome, 218-222 AD
IVLIA MAESA AVG
draped bust right

PIETAS AVG
Pietas standing left, raising both hands up, lighted altar to left
arizonarobin
collage15.jpg
Julia Maesa37 viewsJulia Maesa
AR Denarius;2.71g;18-20mm
Rome 223-226

IVLIA MAESA AVG
Draped bust right

SAECVLIFELICITAS
Felicitas standing facing, head left, patera in right hand over lit altar to left, caduceus in left hand
(* in right field)

RIC 271
arizonarobin
Julia Maesa.jpg
Julia Maesa89 viewsJulia Maesa

Obv: IVLIA MAESA AVG. Diademed and draped bust of Julia Maesa facing right.
Rev: PVDICITIA. Pudicitia seated facing left, holding sceptre in her left hand and raising veil with her right hand.
RIC IV: 268
Barry
maesa.jpg
JULIA MAESA44 viewsAR denarius. 220-222 AD. Draped bust right. IVLIA MAESA AVG. / Felicitas standing left, holding onto large caduceus and sacrificing over lighted, garlanded altar, star in right field.
SAECVLI FELICITAS. RIC 271. RCV 7757.
3 commentsbenito
00185-JuliaMaesa.JPG
Julia Maesa29 viewsJulia Maesa Denarius
18 mm 2.56 gm
O: IVLIA MAESA AVG
Draped bust right, hair braided in straight lines and tucked into large weaved bun at back of head
R: PIETAS AVG
Pietas standing facing, head left, both hands raised, lit altar at left
John Campbell
00julmaesa111.jpg
JULIA MAESA16 viewsAR denarius. 218-220 AD. 2,45 grs. Draped bust right. IVLIA MAESA AVG. / Pudicitia seated left,drawing out veil from shoulder with right hand and holding sceptre in left. PVDICITIA.
RIC (Elagabalus) 268. RSC 36.
benito
00julmaesapudic.jpg
JULIA MAESA22 viewsAR denarius. 218-220 AD. 2,45 grs. Draped bust right. IVLIA MAESA AVG. / Pudicitia seated left,drawing out veil from shoulder with right hand and holding sceptre in left. PVDICITIA.
RIC (Elagabalus) 268. RSC 36.
1 commentsbenito
00maesasecfel.jpg
JULIA MAESA31 viewsAR denarius. 220-222 AD. Draped bust right. IVLIA MAESA AVG. / Felicitas standing left, holding onto large caduceus and sacrificing over lighted, garlanded altar, star in right field. SAECVLI FELICITAS. RIC 271. RCV 7757.
benito
Julia_Maesa_RIC_271.jpg
Julia Maesa30 viewsDenarius (3,21g - 19mm)
obv. IVLIA MAESA AVG
draped bust right
rev. SAECVLI FELICITAS
Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and patera above altar
Rome mint 218-222 AD
RIC 271
HG
pjimage.jpg
Julia Maesa8 viewsAR Denarius, Struck 218-220 AD, Rome Mint
Obverse: IVLIA MAESA AVG, diademed, draped bust right
Reverse: IVNO, Juno standing left, holding patera and scepter
Reference: RIC 254, RSC 16,
BMC 67, Sear 7750
Size: 20mm, 2.8g
Justin L
a10.jpg
Julia Maesa (218 - 225 A.D.)85 viewsO: IVLIA MAESA AVG, Draped bust right.
R: IVNO, Juno standing facing, head left, holding scepter and patera.
Rome
3.3g
20mm
RIC 254 ,RSC 016
4 commentsMat
mae2.jpg
Julia Maesa (218 - 225 A.D.)65 viewsAR Denarius
O: IVLIA MAESA AVG, Draped bust right.
R: FORTVNAE REDVCI Fecunditas standing left, raising hand over child and cornucopia.
Rome
18.8m
3.1g
RSC 14

Rare Engravers Error:

Thanks to Curtis Clay for explaining the rarity of this piece!

This coin features Maesa's Fecunditas type, RIC 249 = RSC 8, and should have been labeled FECVNDITAS AVG.

It implies that Maesa's FECVNDITAS AVG type and Elagabalus' FORTVNAE REDVCI type were being produced simultaneously, that is in 219 AD, the known date of the FORTVNAE REDVCI type.

This error is not unpublished: Cohen 14 reports a specimen in Paris, RIC 252 takes it over from Cohen.

About the 6th known of this type, found two other specimens with the same combination of type and legend, both from the same reverse die but feature a young Maesa bust. This type features the older bust type.

Possibly unique to feature this particular bust.
5 commentsMat
maesaant.jpg
Julia Maesa (218 - 225 A.D.)54 viewsAR Antoninianus
O: IVLIA MAESA AVG, Draped bust right, wearing stephane and set on crescent.
R: PIETAS AVG, Pietas standing facing, head left, extending hand and holding acerrum; lighted and garlanded altar to lower left.
Rome Mint
23mm
4.58g
RIC IV(part 2), pg 50, #264 (Elagabalus).
3 commentsMat
maesa.jpg
Julia Maesa (Augusta) AR Denarius30 viewsJulia Maesa (Augusta)
AR Denarius 2.98g
Ob: IVLIA MAESA AVG - Draped bust of Julia Maesa right
Rv: IVNO - Juno standing left holding patera and sceptre
Mint: Rome (218-223 AD)
Ref: Sear 7750, RIC 254, RSC 16, BMC 67
Scotvs Capitis
Julia_Maesa_AD_218-224__Rome.jpg
Julia Maesa (Augusta) Coin: Silver Denarius7 viewsIVLIA MAESA AVG - Draped bust right, hair braided in straight lines and tucked into large bun at back of head.
SAECVLI-F_ELICITAS - SAECVLI-F_ELICITAS Felicitas standing facing, head left, patera in right hand over lit altar to left, caduceus in left hand, * in right field
Exergue:


Mint: Rome (220-222 AD)
Wt./Size/Axis: 2.51g / 18mm / 6h
References:
RIC IV 271 (Elagabalus)
BMCRE 79 (Elagabalus)
RSC 45
Sear5 #7757
Provenances:
Savoca Coins
Acquisition/Sale: Savoca Coins Internet 22nd Blue Auction #1657 $0.00 07/19
Notes: Jul 28, 19 - The Gary R. Wilson Collection
Gary W2
Iulia_Maesa_1a.jpg
Julia Maesa * Pietas Augusta, Silver Antoninianus 218-223 AD.114 views
"Julia Maesa solemnly vows to take her position as Augusta with respect to Rome."

Obv: IVLIA MAESA AVG - Draped bust, right facing
Rev: PIETAS AVG - Pietas standing left, raising both hands up, grain basket in left arm & hand, to the left at feet, a lit altar

Mint: Rome
Struck: 218-222 AD.

Size: 19 mm.
Weight: 3.38 grams
Die axis: 180 degs.

Condition: Beautiful, clear, bright luster.

Refs:*
RIC IVii, 266, page 50
Ashmolean collection
SEAR RCV II (2002), #7755, page 631

2 commentsTiathena
Julia_Maesa__Pudicitia.jpg
Julia Maesa - AR denarius4 viewsRome
218-222 AD
draped bust right
IVLIA MAESA AVG
Pudicitia seated left, pulling veil and holding scepter
PVDICITIA
SRCV II 2183, RIC IV 268, BMCRE V 76, RSC III 36
2,60g
ex Helios numismatik
Johny SYSEL
IuliaMaesa_RIC_272.jpg
Julia Maesa - denarius RIC 27221 viewsJulia Maesa. Silver Denarius, minted in Rome; 3.10 g; obv. Diademed & draped bust right; rev. SAECVLI FELICITAS, Felicitas standing left, sacrificing out of patera over lighted altar & holding long caduceus; star left. RIC 272; RSC 45b.1 commentsBartosz Awianowicz
juliamaesa-den.jpg
Julia Maesa - RIC 2717 viewsJulia Maesa Denarius. 220-222 AD.
IVLIA MAESA AVG, draped bust right /
SAECVLI FELICITAS, Felicitas standing left with long caduceus,
sacrificing out of patera over lighted altar, star right.
xokleng
Julia_Maesa.jpg
Julia Maesa - RIC-272 (Elagabalus)81 viewsSister of Julia Domna, mother of Julia Soaemias & Julia Mamaea and grandmother of Elagabalus & Severus Alexander. AR Denarius (220-221 AD). (2.7 gm. 18.9 mm) IVLIA MAESA AVG, her draped bust right. / SAECVLI FELICITAS, Felicitas standing left, sacrificing out of a patera over a lighted altar and holding a caduceus, star in left field. RIC Vol-IV 272. Seaby Vol-III 45b. BMCRE 81-82; RSC 45b1 commentsBud Stewart
4029DLG.jpg
Julia Maesa -- Istros53 viewsJulia Maesa --AE24, Istros. R: Sea eagle and dolphin.AMNG 520featherz
maesa1.jpg
Julia Maesa 218-222 denarius33 viewsOb. IVLIA MAESA AVG draped bust, bare head right
Rev. PVDICITIA Pudicitia seated left on throne holding sceptre and lifting veil
Ref. RIC268

-:Bacchus:-
1 commentsBacchus
ARI-Julia_Maesa-3.jpg
Julia Maesa AD 218-224/517 viewsAR DENARIUS, RIC 254, Sear #7750

Grade: AU: Strike 4/5: Surface 5/5

Obv.: IVLIA MAESA AVG, draped bust right, in stephane.

Rev.: IVNO, Juno standing left, holding patera and sceptre.

Julia, like her younger sister Julia Domna, was among the most important women to exercise power behind the throne in the Roman empire. Following the death of Caracalla, Julia Maesa rescued the Severan dynasty from the usurper Macrinus.
Richard M10
Maesa.jpg
Julia Maesa Antoninianus16 viewsJulia Maesa AD 218-223
Silver Antoninianus (4.52 g.) Rome mint: AD 218-222
Obv: IVLIA MAESA AVG - diademed & draped bust right, resting on crescent
Rev: PIETAS AVG - Pietas standing left, holding patera over altari & box of incense.

RIC IVii, 264, page 50, Cohen-30


Tanit
Julia_Maesa_2b.jpg
Julia Maesa antoninianus23 viewsPIETAS AVG
grandmother of Elagabalus
rare
Tibsi
julia-maesa-hh.jpg
Julia Maesa AR Denarius24 viewsRoman Imperial, Julia Maesa AR Denarius, 2.6g, 20mm

Obverse: IVLIA MAESA AVG, Draped bust right.

Reverse: PVDICITIA, Pudicitia seated left, raising veil and holding scepter.

Reference: RIC 268, RSC 36, BMC 76, Sear RCV 2000 - 7756

Ex: Holding History +photo
Gil-galad
Julia Maesa.jpg
Julia Maesa denarius64 viewsPVDICITIA
grandmother of Elagabalus
1 commentstibsi67
coin536.jpg
JULIA MAESA Denarius RIC 27213 viewsRIC 272 JULIA MAESA Denarius. Diademed & draped bust right / SAECVLI FELICITAS, Felicitas standing left, sacrificing out of patera over lighted altar & holding long caduceus; star left. RSC 45b. Coin #536
cars100
Julia_Maesa1.jpg
JULIA MAESA Denarius, RIC 268, Pudicitia 34 viewsOBV: IVLIA MAESA AVG, draped bust right
REV: PVDICITIA, Pudicitia seated left, raising veil and holding scepter
2.6g, 19mm

Minted at Rome, 218-22 AD
Legatus
jmsricivb268ORweb.jpg
Julia Maesa Denarius, RIC IVb (Elagabalus) 26834 viewsRome mint, Julia Maesa denarius, 218 - 222 A.D. AR, 20mm 3.05g, RIC IVb (Elagabalus) 268, BMCRE V 76, Cohen 36
O: IVLIA MAESA AVG, draped bust right
R: PVDICITIA, Pudicitia seated left, raising veil and holding sceptre
1 commentscasata137ec
julia_maesa_268~0.jpg
Julia Maesa RIC IV,26841 viewsJulia Maesa, died 223, grandmother of Elagabal and Severus Alexander
AR - Denar, 2.92g, 17mm
Rome 218 - 220
obv. IVLIA MAESA AVG
draped bust, bare head r.
rev. PVDICITIA
Pudicitia seated l. on throne, holding sceptre l., lifting veil with r.
RIC IV, Elagabal 268; C.36; BMCR. 76
about EF

Julia Maesa was the power behind Elagabal, and was the real - and not bad - ruler during his terror years. Realizing the popularity of her second grandson Alexianus (Alexander Severus) he adopted him and groomed him to Elagabal's successor.
Jochen
Julia Maesa.jpg
Julia Maesa Sestertius31 viewsAE Sestertius
Obv: IVLIA MAESA AVGVSTA ; diad. and dr. bust r.
Rev: PIETAS AVG S C ; Pietas stg. l. before an altar

C.31
Tanit
JulMaesPudicitia.JPG
Julia Maesa, 221-222 AD20 viewsIVLIA MAESA AVG
Bust draped, right
PVDICITIA
Pudicitia seated left, lifting veil, holding scepter
Rome, RIC 268, BMC 76, C 36
Found in an uncleaned lot and one of the least flattering portraits that I have seen.
whitetd49
IOVLIA_MAICA.JPG
Julia Maesa, AE Laodikea, Phrygia. Aparently unlisted.90 viewsJulia Maesa, AE IOVLIA MIACA CEB, draped bust right/ LAODIKEWN NEWKORWN, Nike standing left.2 commentsAntonivs Protti
Julia_Maesa_RIC_IV_268.jpg
Julia Maesa, AR Denarius, RIC IV 26872 viewsJulia Maesa
As Augusta, 218 - 223 A.D.

Coin: AR Denarius

Obverse: IVLIA MAESA AVG, diademed and draped bust facing right.
Reverse: PVDICITIA, Pudicitia, seated to the left, lifting up her Veil from her shoulder with her right hand and holding a Sceptre with her left.

Weight: 2.34 g, Diameter: 20 x 18 x 0.8 mm, Die axis: 210°, Mint: Rome, struck between 218 - 222 A.D. Reference: RIC IV 268
Masis
Julia_Maesa_Augusta.png
Julia Maesa, Augusta 8 June 218 - 224 or 225 A.D.25 viewsAR Denarius Rome mint, 218 - 220 A.D.
Draped bust right / Fecunditas standing left, extending right hand to a child standing before her with arms reaching up to her, cornucopia in left.
Choice VF , RSC III 8, RIC IV 249.
Sam
maesa_pud_k.jpg
Julia Maesa, c. 165 - c. 226 AD4 viewsAR denarius, 20mm, 2.1g, 12h; Rome mint, 218-220 AD.
Obv: IVLIA MAESA AVG. draped bust right.
Rev: PVDICITIA, Pudicitia seated left, drawing out veil from shoulder with right hand and holding scepter in left.
Reference: RIC IVb 268, p. 50. 16-266-45
John Anthony
0235-210np_noir.jpg
Julia Maesa, Denarius - * 108 viewsDenarius struck in Rome in AD 218-220
IVLIA MAESA AVG, Bust of Maesa right
IVNO, Juno standing left holding patera and sceptre
3.48 gr
Ref : RCV #7750, Cohen #16
2 commentsPotator II
4843_4844.jpg
Julia Maesa, Denarius, IVNO4 viewsAR Denarius
Julia Maesa
Augusta: 218 - 224/5AD
Issued: 218 - 220AD (Under Elagabalus)
19.4mm 3.08gr, 5h
O: IVLIA MAESA AVG; Draped bust right.
R: IVNO; Juno standing left, holding patera and scepter.
Rome Mint
Aorta: 20: B4, O1, R8, T13, M2.
RIC 254; RSC 16; Sear 5, #7750.
Agora Auctions Sale #34 Lot 220
6/9/15 2/18/17
Nicholas Z
Julia_Maesa_SAECVULI.jpg
Julia Maesa, denarius, R/SAECVLI FELICITAS (ex Cambridge hoard, ex Sadd collection, ex W.C. Boyd collection).42 viewsJULIA MAESA Denarius (220-222 AD)
AR, gr 2,8, mm 18,180°, BB
D/ IVLIA MAESA AVG, diademed and draped bust right
R/ SAECVLI FELICITAS, Felicitas standing left, sacrificing out of patera over lighted altar & holding long caduceus; star left.
Ric 271, RSC 45b
Provenienza: Berardengo collection, Rome Italy (0ctober 2012), ex Cambridge hoard, Cambridgeshire Uk (1897), ex A.H. Sadd collection (1897), ex W.C. Boyd collection (april 1897), ex Baldwins auction 42 lot 523 part (september 26, 2005), ex Paul Wells collection, Cardiff Uk (2012).
paolo
MAESA_FECVUNDITAS_Boyd.jpg
Julia Maesa, denarius. R/FECVNDITAS AVG (ex Cambridge hoard, ex Sadd collection, ex Boyd collection)42 viewsJulia Maesa, denarius (218-220 AD), ex Boyd collection
AR, gr 3,1, 22 mm, 180°, BB
D/ IVLIA MAESA AVG, draped bust right
R/ FECVNDITAS AVG, Fecunditas standing left, extending her hand over a child & holding cornucopiae.
Ric 249, RSC 8.
Provenienza: Berardengo collection, Rome Italy (october 2012), ex Cambridge hoard, Cambridgeshire Uk (1897), ex A.H. Sadd collection (1897), ex W.C. Boyd collection (april 1897), ex Baldwins auction 42 lot 523 part (september 26, 2005), ex Paul Wells collection, Cardiff Uk (2012)
paolo
Julia_Maesa_RIC_E271~0.JPG
Julia Maesa, grandmother of Elagabalus and Severus Alexander13 viewsObv: IVLIA MAESA AVG, draped bust of Julia Maesa facing right.

Rev: SAECVLI FELICITAS, Felicitas standing front, head turned left, sacrificing out of patera over a lighted altar and holding a long caduceus, star in right field.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 220 - 222 AD

2.9 grams, 19 mm, 0°

RIC IVii Elagabalus 271, RSC 45, S7757, VM 12
SPQR Coins
Julia_Maesa_RIC_E268.JPG
Julia Maesa, grandmother of Elagabalus and Severus Alexander18 viewsObv: IVLIA MAESA AVG, draped bust of Julia Maesa facing right.

Rev: PVDICITIA, Pudicitia seated left, holding a scepter and raising a hand to her lips.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 218 - 220 AD

3.37 grams, 20 mm, 180°

RIC IVii Elagabalus 268, RSC 36, S7756, VM 11
1 commentsSPQR Coins
julia_maesa_pudicta.jpg
JULIA MAESA, grandmother of Elagabalus, AR denarius, 218-222 AD, Rome10 views Obv: IVLIA MAESA AVG, diademed and draped bust right
Rev: PVDICITIA, Pudicitia seated left, drawing out
veil from shoulder with right hand and holding
sceptre in left
Skyler
2-2014-11-12_coinsnov201410.JPG
Julia Maesa, Odessos28 viewsAe 18mm; 2.80g
Odessos, Thrace

IOVLIA MAICA CE
draped bust right

ODHCEITWN
Heracles naked, standing right, holding club and lion skin

Moushmov 1625 (var) Heracles right vs. left
1 commentsRobin Ayers
ivliame33.jpg
Julia Maesa, Phoenicia43 viewsPHOENICIA, Sidon.
Julia Maesa. Augusta, AD 218-224/5.
Æ 23mm (8.47 g).

Draped bust right / Kadmos running left on prow, right hand raised pointing forward, holding sword in sheath in left hand. Rouvier 1591 (reverse described as Aeneas); BMC Phoenicia pg. 194, 296; SNG Copenhagen -; AUB 282.

From The John A. Seeger Collection.- EX-CNG

I love the reverse of this coin!

1 commentsarizonarobin
juliamaesa090608a.jpg
Julia Maesa, Pudicitia21 viewsJulia Maesa
Ar Denarius 2.83g;18-19mm

IVLIA MAESA AVG
draped bust right

PVDIC-I-TIA
Pudicitia seated left holding sceptre

RIC 268, RSC 36, BMC 76

From the John Quincy Adams Collection
arizonarobin
Julia_Maesa_249(struck over brockage).jpg
Julia Maesa, RIC 249 (clashed dies)56 viewsJulia Maesa, AD 218-224 or 225
struck AD 218-220
obv. IVLIA MAESA AVG
Bust, draped, r.
rev. FECVNDITAS AVG
Fecunditas stg. l., extends hand over child l. and holding cornucopiae in l. arm
RIC IV/2, 249; C.8; Sear 7749

A superb coin with choice old toning. The strange phenomena on the reverse is caused by 'clashed dies', that is a struck without a flan between. So a faint, depressed (and reversed) outline of the portrait and several letters surround the figure of Felicitas can be seen.
The other possibility, a 'restruck brockage', is doubted by all specialists.

1 commentsJochen
Julia_Maesa_RIC_266~0.JPG
Julia Maesa, RIC 26615 viewsIVLIA MAESA AVG
PIETAS AVG
AR denarius, 20mm, 3.19g
Draped bust right
Pietas standing left, raising hands to light alter
novacystis
jm271.jpg
JULIA MAESA, RIC 271 Rome. Augusta, 218-224/5 CE.23 viewsSilver denarius
Obverse: IVLIA MAESA AVG. Draped bust right.
Reverse: SAECVLI FELICITAS. Felicitas standing left, holding patera over altar and caduceus; star in right field.
RIC 271. 19.1 mm, 3.03 gm
sold 3-2018
NORMAN K
MAESA-2.jpg
Julia Maesa, sister of Julia Domna, grandmother of Elagabalus and Severus Alexander. Augusta, 218-224/5 CE.186 viewsAR Denarius (20 mm, 3.15 gm), Rome mint.
Obv: IVLIA MAESA AVG, draped bust right.
Rev: SAECVLI FELICITAS, Felicitas standing left with long caduceus, sacrificing out of patera over lighted altar, star right.
RIC 271; RSC 45; BMC 79; Sear 7757; Cohen 45.
EmpressCollector
1-2014-11-13_coinsnov20148.jpg
Julia Maesa, Thessalonica11 viewsAe 23mm; 6.63g
Thessalonica, Macedonia

IOVLIA MAICA AVGOVCTA
draped bust right

QESSA LONIKEWN
Nike advancing left holding branch and small cabeirus

Varbanov ed. inglese n. 4467
Moushmov 6777
Robin Ayers
jm6.jpg
Julia Mamaea (daughter of Julia Maesa, mother of Severus Alexander),
222–35 CE
43 viewsAR denarius, Rome, 232 CE; 3.50g. BMCRE 913, RIC 332, RSC 6. Obv: IVLIA MA – MAEA AVG; diademed and draped bust right. Rx: FECVND AVGVSTAE; Fecunditas seated left, reaching out to child before her, elbow resting on back of chair.

Provenance: Purchased privately from FORVM (April 2000).
2 commentsMichael K5
194.jpg
Julia Mamaea Denarius - Felicitas (RIC 335)35 viewsAR Denarius
Rome, 222-235 AD
3.43g

Obv: Diademed and draped bust of Julia Mamaea (R)
IVLIA MAMAEA AVG

Rev: Felicitas standing front, head to left, legs crossed, holding caduceus in her right hand and leaning on column with her left elbow.
FELICITAS PVBLICA

RIC 335, BMC 483, Cohen 17

Leu Numismatik Web Auction 6, Lot 1062
ex. Maggiore Collection, formed in the late 1970s to early 2000s.

Julia Avita Mamaea (180–235) was the second daughter of Julia Maesa, a powerful Roman woman of Syrian origin, and Syrian noble Gaius Julius Avitus Alexianus. She was a niece of empress Julia Domna and sister of Julia Soaemias Bassiana (mother of Elegabalus). She was born and raised in Emesa (modern Homs, Syria). She was the mother of Roman Emperor Alexander Severus and served as regent of Rome and de facto ruler during her son's reign.

In 232, mother and son were sent north to deal with a German attack. Alexander so alienated the Rhine legions by his lack of military prowess and his inflexibility towards pay that the troops proclaimed Maximinus Thrax as emperor in 235. Troops sent to kill Alexander found him clinging to his mother in a tent. Mother and son were butchered together, ending the Severan dynasty.
3 commentsOptimo Principi
Julia_Mamaea_Felicitas.jpg
Julia Mamaea Felicitas denarius- RIC 33579 viewsObv: IVLIA MAMAEA AVG
Julia Mamaea's bust, diademed and draped, right

Rev: FELICITAS PVBLICA
Felicitas standing, facing, head left, legs crossed holding caduceus in right hand and resting left arm on column.

Rome Mint, 228 A.D.
RIC 335. BMCRE 483. RSC 17. RCV (Sear) 8209.

This coin was minted during the reign of Julia Mamaea's son Sevreus Alexander. Mamaea was the daughter of Julia Maesa (Julia Domna's sister).
C. Caesar Germ.
Julia_Mamaea.png
Julia Mamaea – RIC-360 (Severus Alexander)55 viewsDaughter of Julia Maesa and mother of Severus Alexander. Rome mint, 226AD. Silver denarius, (3.131 gm, 19.7 mm, die axis 180o), Rome mint, obverse IVLIA MAMAEA AVG, diademed draped bust right; reverse VESTA, Vesta veiled standing half-left, palladium in right, long scepter in left; RSC III 81, RIC IV 360, RCV 8217, BMC 3811 commentsBud Stewart
jmde.jpg
Julia Mamaea, Deultum17 viewsJULIA MAMAEA. DEULTUM. AE 25, 8.67 grams, 24.86mm
Obverse: IVLIA (MA)MAEA AVG, Her diademed draped bust right.
Reverse: (C)OL FL PAC DEVLTE
Mother of Severus Alexander, Daughter of Julia Maesa
Murdered with her son in 235 C.E.
NORMAN K
Julia_Maesa_PVDICITIA.jpg
Julia_Maesa_Denar_PVDICITIA7 viewsNumis-Student
macrinus~0.jpg
Macrinus94 viewsIMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG
Laureate and cuirassed bust of Macrinus right

FELECITAS TEMPORVM
Felicitas standing left holding long caduceus and cornucopiae

Rome 217 AD
2.37g

Sear 7331, RSC 19a, RIC 62

Scarce/Rare: 5 specimens in Reka Devnia Hoard (Cohen 19)

Ex-ANE

Wildwinds speciman #2


Macrinus was the Praetorian prefect during the reign of Caracalla. After hearing a prophecy that he would become Emperor Macrinus feared that Caracalla would have him killed. In order to save his life he arranged Caracalla's assassination and he and his son Diadumenian seized power and were accepted by the senate. Macrinus concluded an unfavourable peace with the Persians. This disgrace, magnified by propaganda of Julia Maesa, Caracalla's aunt, inspired the Syrian legions to revolt. In the ensuing conflict Macrinus was defeated. He fled, only to be betrayed and executed.

SOLD to Calgary Coin June 2017
2 commentsJay GT4
Elagabalus___J_Maesa_V_1648.JPG
Marcus Aurelius Antoninus "Elagabalus," 218 - 222 AD17 viewsObv: AVT KM AVΓ ANTΩNEINOC AVГ IOYΛIA MAICA AVГ, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus right, facing draped bust of Julia Maesa left.

Rev: VΠ IOYA AVT CEΛEVKOV MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN, draped bust of Serapis, wearing a modius on his head, facing right; E in field behind head.

Legate: Julius Antonius Seleucus

Æ 26, Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior mint

11 grams, 26.4 mm, 0°

Varbanov I 1648
SPQR Coins
coins23.JPG
Markianopolis; Severus Alexander & Julia Maesa13 viewsSeverus Alexander & Julia Maesa of Markianopolis.

Magistrate Tiberius Julius Festus. AVT K M AVP CEVH ALEXANDPOC IOVLIA MAICA (...), confronted busts / VP TIB IOVL FHCTOV MARKIANOPOLEITWN, Concordia standing left with patera & cornucopiae, E to left. Moushmov 730. No.3069.
1 commentsecoli
80D0DEAF-3B59-4195-A376-94EFBC8A69D2.jpeg
MOESIA INFERIOR, Marcianopolis. Elagabalus,8 viewsMOESIA INFERIOR, Marcianopolis. Elagabalus, with Julia Paula AD 218-222. Æ Pentassarion (26mm, 10.94 g, 6h). Julius Antonius Seleucus, legatos consularis. Confronted busts of Elagabalus right, laureate, and Maesa left, draped / Homonoia standing left, holding patera and cornucopia; E (mark of value) to left. H&J –; AMNG –; Varbanov –; Pfeiffer –. Near VF, dark green patina, a few scratches in reverse field. Unpublished in the standard references.ecoli
505ED3A1-483E-40C4-92D8-30D61233D92D.jpeg
MOESIA INFERIOR, Marcianopolis. Elagabalus, with Julia Maesa13 viewsMOESIA INFERIOR, Marcianopolis. Elagabalus, with Julia Maesa AD 218-222. Æ Pentassarion (26mm, 10.94 g, 6h). Julius Antonius Seleucus, legatus consularis. Confronted busts of Elagabalus right, laureate, and Maesa left, draped / Homonoia standing left, holding patera and cornucopia; E (mark of value)ecoli
0A44F485-2D8C-4BB0-B0AA-7999DFF8CFE9.jpeg
MOESIA INFERIOR, Marcianopolis. Severus Alexander, with Julia Maesa10 viewsMOESIA INFERIOR, Marcianopolis. Severus Alexander, with Julia Maesa. AD 222-235. Æ Pentassarion. Tib. Julius Festus, legatus consularis. Struck AD 225-229. Confronted busts of Alexander right, laureate, draped, and cuirassed, and Maesa left, draped and wearing stephane / Apollo standing facing, head right, placing right hand on head and holding bow in left; E (mark of value) and quiver to left; to right, serpent entwined around tree stump. H&J 6.33.7.2 (R6).ecoli
markianopolis_elagabal_maesa_AMNG936.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 28. Elagabal & Julia Maesa, HrJ (2013) 6.28.01.02 (plate coin)23 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 27, 10.34g, 26.86mm, 0°
struck under governor Julius Antonius Seleucus
obv. AVT KM AVR ANTWNEINOC AVG IOVLIA MAICA AVG
Head of Elagabal, laureate, r., and bust of Ioulia Maesa, draped and wearing stephane, l.
rev. VP IOVL ANT CELEVKOV MARKIANOPOLI / TWN
Zeus, in himation, stg. l., holding patera in outstretched r. hand and resting with raised l. hand on sceptre
in lower l. field E
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 936 (1 ex., Gotha)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1642
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No. 6.28.1.2 (plate coin)
rare, F+, dark green patina
Jochen
markianopolis_elagabal_maesa_HrJ6_28_1_3var(rev).jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 28. Elagabal & Julia Maesa, HrJ (2013) 6.28.01.05 (plate coin)16 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 28, 10.59g, 27.52mm, 0°
struck under governor Julius Antonius Seleucus
obv. AVT KM AVRH ANTWNEINOC IOVLIA MAICA AVG
Head of Elagabal, laureate, r., and bust of Ioulia Maesa, draped and wearing stephane, l.
rev. VP.IOVL.ANT.CEL - EV - KOV MARKIANOP
in ex. OLITWN (smaller letters)
Zeus, bearded, in himation,stg. l., holding patera in extended r. hand and resting with raised l. hand on
sceptre
in lower r. field E
ref. a) not in AMNG:
rev. AMNG I/1, 936 var. (different legend distribution)
obv. f.e. AMNG I/1, 939 (Hades-Serapis)
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No. 6.28.1.5 (plate coin)
rare, about VF, dark green patina
pedigree:
ex J.P.Righetti inventory #9983
Jochen
markianopolis_elagabal_maesa_Serapis_unknown.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 28. Elagabal & Julia Maesa, HrJ (2013) 6.28.06.01 (plate coin)15 viewsElagabal & Julia Maesa, AD 218-222
AE 28, 14.65g, 28.46mm, 165°
struck under Julius Antonius Seleucus
obv. AVT KM AVR ANTWNEINOC AVG IOVLIA MAICA AVG . (NE ligate)
Confronting busts of Elagabal, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r., and Julia
Maesa, draped and wearing stephane, l.
rev. VP IOVL ANTO CELEVK - OV MARKIANOPOLIT / WN (1st OV ligate)
Hades/Serapis in himation and with kalathos stg.l., holding wreath (or taenia) in r. hand and
resting with raised l. hand on sceptre.
in r. field E
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No. 6.28.6.1 (plate coin)
extremely rare (R9), F+, dark green patina

The iconographical meaning of the wreath (or taenia) is not known.
Jochen
markianopolis_elagabal_maesa_AMNG948.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 28. Elagabal & Julia Maesa, HrJ (2013) 6.28.07.0525 viewsElagabal & Julia Maesa, AD 218-222
AE 27, 11.44g, 27.26mm, 30°
struck under governor Julius Antonius Seleucus
obv. AVT KM AVR ANTWNEINOC AVG.IOVLIA.MAICA AVG (NE ligate)
Confronted head of Elagabal, laureate, r., and bust of Julia Maesa, draped and wearing stephane, l.
rev. VP IOVL ANT CELEVKOV MARKIANOP[OLITWN] (WN ligate!)
Apollo Lykeios, nude, stg. l., looking r., his r. hand on his head, holding bow in l. hand; r. beside a tree-stump with the snake, serving
as support for his l. arm
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 948 (5 ex.)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1614 (citing AMNG 947 in error)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No.6.28.7.1 (same dies)
rare, VF, dark green patina
Jochen
markianopolis_elagabal_maesa_AMNG952var.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 28. Elagabal & Julia Maesa, HrJ (2013) 6.28.08.0220 viewsElagabal & Julia Maesa, AD 118-222
AE 28, 11.68g, 28.47mm, 15°
struck under governor Antonius Seleucus
obv. AVT KM AVR ANTWNEINOC AVG.IOVLIA MAICA AVG.
Confronting busts of Elagabal, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r., and Julia Domna, draped and
with stephane, l.
rev. VP IOVL ANT CELEVKOV MARKIANOPOLITWN (both OV and WN ligate)
Dionysos, nude, with boots, stg. l. with Standbein and Spielbein, holding in raised l. hand thyrsos
and pouring wine from kantharos; at his feet l. the panther is std. l. with raised pawn, head r.,
looking up to him.
in upper l. field E (for pentassarion)
a) AMNG I/1, 952 var. (2 ex., Löbbecke, Paris; the ex. in Paris with unligate MAR; ligate WN not
mentioned)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1666
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No.6.28.8.2
rare, F-VF, soft strike lower left, beautiful Dionysos and beautiful Domna!
Jochen
markianopolis_elagabal_maesa_Herakles_new.JPG
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 28. Elagabal & Julia Maesa, HrJ (2013) 6.28.14.01 (plate coin)18 viewsElagabal & Julia Maesa, AD 218-222
AE 28, 10.71g, 27.85mm, 30°
struck under governor Julius Antonius Seleucus
obv. AVT KM ANTWNEINOC AVG IOVLIA MAICA AVG (NE ligate)
confronting busts of Elagabal, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r,. and Julia Maesa, draped and wearing
stephane, l.
rev. VP IOVL ANT CELEVKOV MARKIANOPOLIT / WN (1st OV and WN ligate)
Herakles, nude, stg. r., head turned l., lion's skin over l. forearm, holding apple of Hesperids in l. hand
and resting with r. hand on his club.
in l. field E (for pentassarion)
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No. 6.28.14.1 (plate coin)
very rare, F+, dark green patina
Jochen
markianopolis_elagabal_iulia_maesa_AMNG957var.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 28. Elagabal & Julia Maesa, HrJ (2013) 6.28.21.05 (plate coin)18 viewsElagabal & Julia Maesa, AD 218-222
AE 26, 11.53g, 26.38mm, 15°
struck under governor Julius Antonius Seleucus
obv. [AVT] KM AVRH ANTWNEINOC.IOVLIA MAICA [AVG]
Head of Elagabal, laureate, r., and bust of Julia Maesa, draped and with stephane, l.
rev. VP.IOVL.ANT.CEL - EVKOV MARKIANOPO / LITWN
Hygieia, in long garment and mantle, stg. r., holding snake in r. arm and feeding her from patera
in l. hand.
in lower l. field E (for pentassarion)
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 957 var. (2 ex., Gotha, Sofia)
WN ligate
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1636(?), no pic!
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) 6.28.21.5 (plate coin)
rare, F+/about VF, dark green patina
Jochen
markianopolis_elagabal_maesa_AMNG960var(rev).jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 28. Elagabal & Julia Maesa, HrJ (2013) 6.28.21.08 (plate coin)13 viewsElagabal & Julia Maesa, AD 218-222
AE 28, 13.53g
struck under Julius Antonius Seleucus
obv. AVT.K.M.AVRH - ANTWNEINOC - IOVLIA MAIC(sic!) AVG
Confronting head of Elagabal, laureate, r., and bust of Julia Maesa, draped and
wearing stephane, l.
rev. VP.IOVL ANT.VCEL - EVKOV MARKAINOPO / LITWN. (WN ligate)
Hygieia, in long garment and mantle, stg. r., feeding snake in r. arm from patera in
l. hand
in lower r. field E
ref. a) not in AMNG:
rev. AMNG I/1, 960 var. (WN not ligate)
obv. AMNG I/1, 959
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1635a
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No. 6.28.21.8 (plate coin)
very rare, F/F+, dark green patina
Jochen
markianopolis_elagabal_maesa_AMNG971var.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 28. Elagabal & Julia Maesa, HrJ (2013) 6.28.22.0126 viewsElagabal & Julia Maesa, AD 218-222
AE 27, 13.18g, 27.31mm, 30°
struck under governor Julius Antonius Seleucus
obv. AVT KM AVR ANTWNEINOC AVG IOVLIA MAICA AVG
Confronted busts of Elagabal, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r., and Julia Maesa, darped and wearing stephane, l.
rev. VP IOVL AN[T] CELEVKOV MARKIANOPOLI / T - WN (both OV, AR and WN ligate)
Snake, cuirassed, erected in several elaborate coils, head r., on small base-line
in ex. E (between T and WN)
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 971 var. (AR not ligate, E in r. field)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1678 corr. (doesn't mention AMNG; depicts under #1677 my type, but writes 'E in l.
field')
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No.6.28.22.1.
F+, some roughness

This is the most sophisticated knot I have ever seen on a coin!
Jochen
markianopolis_elagabal_maesa_HrJ6_28_22_8.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 28. Elagabal & Julia Maesa, HrJ (2013) 6.28.22.0919 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 27, 9.74g, 26.66mm, 90°
struck under governor Julius Antonius Seleucus
obv. AVT KM AVR - ANTWNEINOC AVG IOVLIA MAICA AVG
Confronted busts of Elagabal, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r., and Julia Maesa, draped and wearing
stephane, l.
rev. VP IOVL ANT CELEVKOV MARKIANOPOLI - TWN
Snake in 6 elaborated coils erecting r.
in ex. E (between LI and TWN)
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 973 (1 ex., London)
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No. 6.28.22.9
rare, F+, partially damaged patina, flan break at 1h
Jochen
markianopolis_elagabal_maesa_AMNG268.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 28. Elagabal & Julia Maesa, HrJ (2013) 6.28.36.01 (plate coin)36 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 28, 13.79g, 28.34mm, 345°
struck under governor Iulius Antonius Seleucus
obv. AVT KM AVR ANTWNEINOC AVG IOVLIA MAICA AVG
confronted busts of Elagabal, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate, r., and Julia Maesa, draped and diademed, l.
rev. VP.IOVL.ANT.CELE - VKOV.MARKIANOPOLI / TWN
female figure, in long chiton and himation, stg. l., holding
cornucopiae in l. arm and two corn-ears downwards in outstretched r. hand (Abundantia?)
E in l. field (for pentassarion)
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 968 (2 ex., München, Mionnet, but end of rev.-legend missed)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1624 (cites AMNG 968, but has the same breaks on reverse like Hristova/Jekov!)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No. 6.28.36.1 (plate coin)
very rare, about VF, deep green patina
Jochen
markianopolis_sev_alex_maesa_Demeter_unbekannt.JPG
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 33. Severus Alexander & Julia Maesa, HrJ (2014) 6.33.05.04 (plate coin)23 viewsSeverus Alexander & Julia Maesa, AD 222-235
AE 28, 11.51g, 28.32mm, 195°
struck under governor Tib. Iulius Festus
obv. AVT KM AVR CEVH AL[EZAN]DROC IOVLIA MAICA.
Confronting busts of Severus Alexander, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r., and Julia
Maesa,draped and wearing stephane, l.
rev. VP TIB IOVL FHCTOV MARKIANOPOLITWN (AR and OV ligate)
Demeter, in long garment, stg. facing, head l., holding in raised r. hand grain-ears and
poppies, resting with l. hand on burning long torch
in r. field big E
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) not in Hristova/Jekov (2014) No. 6.33.5.4 (plate coin)
rare, S+, dark green patina
1 commentsJochen
sev_alex_maesa_markianopolis.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 33. Severus Alexander & Julia Maesa, HrJ (2014) 6.33.22.02 (plate coin)70 viewsSeverus Alexander & Julia Maesa, his grandmother, AD 222-235
AE 26, 10.86g, 26.29mm, 0°
struck under governor Tib. Iulius Festus
obv. AVT KM AVR SEVH ALEZANDROC IOVLIA MAICA
confronted busts of Alexander, draped and cuirassed seen from behind,
laureate, r., and Iulia Maesa, diademed, draped, l.
rev. YP TIB IOVL FHCTOV MARKIANOPO / LITWN (WN ligate)
Serpent half erected r., in four elaborate coils
E in upper l. field (for Pentassarion)
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1062 var. (in ex. TWN, E in r.field)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1875 var. (same)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2014) No. 6.33.22.2 (plate coin)
very rare, good SS
added to www.wildwinds.com
3 commentsJochen
056_Elagabalus_(218-222_A_D_),_AE-16,_Markianopolis-Moesia-_VP-IOVL-ANT-CELEVKOV-MARKIANO_OLIT_N_H-J-6_28_3_3__Q-001_0h_27-28mm_13,24g-s.jpg
Moesia, Markianopolis, 056 Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), and Julia Maesa, Hristova-Jekov (2014) 06.28.3.3., AE-28, VΠ IOVΛ ANT CEΛEVKOV MAPKIANOΠOLITΩN, Zeus left,120 viewsMoesia, Markianopolis, 056 Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), and Julia Maesa, Hristova-Jekov (2014) 06.28.3.3., AE-28, VΠ IOVΛ ANT CEΛEVKOV MAPKIANOΠOLITΩN, Zeus left,
avers: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus facing diademed and draped bust of Julia Maesa
revers: VΠ IOVΛ ANT CEΛEVKOV MAPKIANOΠOLITΩN (AP and ΩN ligate), Zeus standing left with patera and sceptre, E to right.
exe: -/E//--, diameter: 27-28mm, weight: 13,24g, axis:0h,
mint: Moesia, Markianopolis, Magistrate:Iulius Antoninus Selevkus, date: 218-222 A.D.,
ref: Hristova/Jekov (2014) No. 06.28.3.3.,
Q-001
quadrans
58.jpg
moushmov67012 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: Demeter standing left holding corn ears and staff. E in right field
26mm 9.70 gms

Moushmov 670, Varbanov 1682
Charles M
tyros_gallienus_Rouvier2048cf(Maesa).jpg
Phoenicia, Tyros, Gallienus, Rouvier 2048 cf. (Maesa, rev. only), unpublished?30 viewsGallienus, AD 253-268
AE 27, 14.52g, 27.33mm, 0°
obv. IMP CP LIC GALLIENVS AVG
Bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from front, laureate, r.
rev. [COL] TVRO ME - [T]
Dido, in long double chiton and himation over l. arm, wearing stephane, stg. l. on galley sailing l., holding
aphlaston in l. arm and reaching with r. hand to a person bending l. over side of prow; at her r. side a
second small person stretching hand to Dido; below galley murex shell
ref. cf. Rouvier 2048 (Maesa, rev. only); unpublished?
about VF, devices highlighted by sand patina

A nice and interesting issue. There are some different variants of this type: Dido accompanied by different persons, galley sailing l. or r. Meaning?
For more information take a look at the article about Dido in the Mythology Thread.
1 commentsJochen
tyros_maesa_Rouvier2408.jpg
Phoenicia, Tyros, Julia Maesa, Rouvier 2408 #161 viewsJulia Maesa, grandmother of Elagabal, AD 218-222
AE 30, 9.05g
obv. IVLIA MAE - SA AVGV
bust, draped, diademed, r.
rev. TVRIORVM
Galley with ten oars advancing r., on the stern-post hanging a shield. Ram of prow shaped as dolphin. On the ship Dido, draped, stg. l., holding cornucopiae in l. arm and sceptre(?) in outstretched r. hand. At her l. side a male figur, ducked, throwing a sack with sand overboard; at her r. side standing a sailor with an unknown object in hand (damaged by cleaning) . Below ship on the left side Murex shell, on the r. side prawn., l.
Rouvier 2408
very rare, F/F+

For more information look at the thread 'Coins of mythological interest'
3 commentsJochen
julia_maesa_268.jpg
Pudicitia184 viewsJulia Maesa died 223, grandmother of Elagabal and Severus Alexander
AR - Denar, 2.92g, 17mm
Rome 218 - 220
obv. IVLIA MAESA AVG
draped bust, bare head r.
rev. PVDICITIA
Pudicitia seated l. on throne, holding sceptre l., lifting veil with r.
RIC IV, Elagabal 268; C.36; BMCR. 76
about EF

PUDICITIA, 'modesty, chastity', a virtue first represented on a denar of Plotina AD 112. It may be assumed that this was a new cult in honor of Plotina. She is a virtue only associated to empresses. Indicates modesty by covering herself with a veil.
Jochen
Julia_Maesa_01.jpg
RIC 4b, p.050, 268 - Julia Maesa, Pudicitia 22 viewsJulia Maesa
AR Denar
Obv.: IVLIA MAESA AVG, draped bust of Julia Maesa right
Rev.: PVDICITIA, Pudicitia seated left, adjusting veil and holding scepter
Ag, 3.47g, 18mm
Ref.: RIC 268, RSC 36, C. 36, Kankelfitz 7, CRE 492 [C]
Ex Helios Numismatik
shanxi
Julia_Maesa_02.jpg
RIC 4b, p.050, 259 var. - Julia Maesa, Iuno, IVNO REG 31 viewsJulia Maesa
AR Denar
Obv.: IVLIA MAESA AVG, draped bust right.
Rev. IVNO REG, Iuno standing left, holding patera and sceptre; to left, peacock.
Ag, 3.59g, 18.2mm
Ref.: RIC IVb, 259 var (IVNO REG not REGI), RSC 23a, CRE 480 [R]
2 commentsshanxi
Julia_Maesa_R638_fac.jpg
RIC 4b, p.050, 263 - Julia Maesa, Pietas17 viewsJulia Maesa
AR Denar
Obv.: IVLIA MAESA AVG, draped bust right.
Rev. PIETAS AVG; Pietas standing facing, head left, dropping incense onto lighted altar at her feet to left, and holding box of perfumes.
Ag, 2.87g, 21mm
Ref.: RIC 263; BMC 73-4; RSC 29, CRE 487 [S]
Ex Leu Numismatik
Ex Numismatik Lanz
shanxi
14464q00.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE - JULIA MAESA126 viewsSilver denarius, RSC 29a, RIC 263, BM 298 - 299, F, 2.922g, 17.1mm, 180o, Rome mint, 222 - c. 223 A.D.; obverse IVLIA MAESA AVG, draped bust right, late coiffure with large bun; reverse PIETAS AVG, Pietas standing half-left extending right hand over lit altar and holding incense boxdpaul7
maesa 3.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE - JULIA MAESA17 viewsRIC 249 - sear5 #7749 Julia Maesa Denarius. 218-220 AD. IVLIA MAESA AVG, draped bust right / FECVNDITAS AVG, Fecunditas standing left, extending her hand over a child & holding cornucopiae. RSC 8.
Rome mint: AD 218-220 = RIC IVii, 249, page 49 - Cohen 8 - SEAR RCV II (2002), #7749, page 631
dpaul7
JULIA SOMAESA.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE - JULIA SOMAESA15 viewsJulia Soaemias Denarius "Venus" Left star. Julia Soaemias (mother of Elagabalus) 218- 222 Silver Denarius "Venus" Obv: IVLIA SOAEMIAS AVG - Draped bust right Rev: VENVS CAELESTIS - Venus, diademed and standing left, holding apple and scepter; in left field a star. Rome mint AD 220-222 = RIC IVii, p. 48, 241; Cohen 8; D. Sear II, p. 627, 7719. 2.62 g. dpaul7
sev alex and maesa.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE - SEVERUS ALEXANDER & JULIA MAESA - MARKIANOPOLIS37 viewsMarkianopolis AE28 -- Moushmov 730 Severus Alexander & Julia Maesa AE28 Pentassarion of Markianopolis. AVT K M AVP CEVH ALEXANDPOC KAI IOVLIA MAICA, confronted busts / VP TIB IOVL FHCTOV MAPKIANOPOLEITWN, Homonoia standing left holding patera & cornucopiae, E to right.
1 commentsdpaul7
Elegabalas.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE / Emperor Elagabalus ( Reign 8 June 218 – 11 March 222)43 viewsEmperor Elagabalus Silver Denarius.
Obverse: “IMP ANTO - NINVSAVG" Laureate, and draped bust right.
Reverse: “LAETIT - IA PVBL" Latetia standing left, holding wreath and rudder placed on globe.
aXF , 3.04 Gr. Max Dia 18.7.
Rome mint , RIC 95 (The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol.IV, Part II, #95)


Emperor Elagabalus (Reign 8 June 218 – 11 March 222 ) , Born in 203 or 204 A.D., Varius Avitus Bassianus was the grandson of Julia Maesa, the sister of Julia Domna, wife of Septimius Severus, and mother of Caracalla. Soon after the assassination of Caracalla in 217, Domna committed suicide, while Maesa planned to overthrow Caracalla’s successor, Macrinus. Her choice fell upon her eldest grandson, who was the hereditary high priest of the sun God El-Gabal at Emesa. On May 16, 218, the boy was proclaimed Emperor by the Eastern armies. He took the name of Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, the same as Caracalla, whose son he claimed to be. He would be known to history as Elagabalus, referencing his fanatical loyalty to the Eastern God. He would win a victory over Macrinus near Antioch on June 8, with Macrinus being killed soon after.

One of Elagabalus’ first acts was the deification of Caracalla and Julia Domna. Coins were issued in their names, as well as Julia Maesa, and her daughter, Elagabalus’ mother, Julia Soamias. The three would reach Rome in the fall of 219 A.D. They promptly installed several of their Syrian compatriots in influential positions in the government, a fact resented by the Senate.
Elagabalus’ reign was a complete fiasco. While the earlier Severan emperors had introduced Eastern elements into the roman state religion, Elagabalus attempted to insert the worship of El-Gabal as the center of the state religion. He went as far as to “marry” the roman Goddess Minerva to El-Gabal, an act mimicked on an earthly plain by Elegabalus’ marriage to the Vestal Virgin, Aquilia Severa, an act which shocked Rome to its core.

Further, Elagabalus made no secret of being a passive homosexual, and in fact indulged his taste to its fullest. Rome was not used to an Emperor with painted eyes and rouged cheeks. As a counterbalance, his advisors forced him into a series of marriages, including the above mentioned Vestal. Between his religious extremism, and his public personal life, Elagabalus had earned the contempt and hatred of both Senate and people.

In 221, in an attempt to bolster his reign, Maesa and her second daughter, Julia Mamaea, convinced Elagabalus to adopt Mammea’s son Alexianus, as his heir. Alexianus took on the name of Marcus Aurelius Severus Alexander. Alexander’s popularity soon aroused Elagabalus’ suspicions. He planned to have Alexander killed, but Maesa and Mamaea, instead had Elagabalus and his mother Julia Soaemias murdered by the Guard. Alexander would succeed his cousin on the throne.

From The Sam Mansourati Collection.
Sam
1027_elagabal_maesa~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Elagabalus and Julia Maesa30 viewsFranz-Josef M
moneta 493 large.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Elagabalus and Julia Maesa, Markianopolis, AE2780 viewsobv: Facing busts of Elagabalus and Julia Maesa
rev: Aesklepios standing, head left, resting on serpent entwined staff.
Struck 218-222 A.D. at Markianopolis under legate Julius Antonius Seleucus
Moushmov 664; Hristova/Jekov No.6.28.20.2 var.
Jericho
moneta 573.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Elagabalus Provincial, Markianopolis, AE2750 viewsobv: Facing busts of Elagabalus and Julia Maesa
rev: Hermes holding caduceus over left shoulder and purse in right hand.
Struck 218-222 A.D. at Markianopolis under Legat Julius Antonius Seleucus
Moushmov 690
1 commentsJericho
10394ab~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Severus Alexander and Julia Maesa, Markianopolis in Moesia Inferior, governor Tereventinus, 5 assaria, 222-235 AD., unpublished.231 viewsMarkianopolis in Moesia Inferior, Severus Alexander and Julia Maesa, governor Tereventinus,
Æ28 / 5 assaria (27-29 mm / 13.76 g), 222-235 AD.,
Obv.: AVT K M AVP CEVH AΛEZANΔPOC IOVΛIA MAIC {AVΓ} , ({AVΓ} ligate ), confronted busts of Severus Alexander (l.) and Julia Maesa (r.).
Rev.: {HΓ} {OV}M TEPEBENTIN{OV} M{AP}KIANOΠOΛITΩN / E , ({HΓ}, {OV}, {AR} ligate) , Hera/Juno standing l., holding patera? and torch/spear?.
unpublished, cf. AMNG I page 296, 1063*.

Curtis Clay: For some reason coins of Alex. and Maesa under Tereventinus are rare. Pick knew only two types, three specimens, since 1064 shows Mamaea not Maesa. Hristova/Jekov pp. 189 and 191 try to add two new types, but the readings of empress and/or governor seem doubtful.
1 commentsArminius
moneta 676.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Severus Alexander. Markianopolis, AE27135 viewsAE27
obv: Facing busts of Severus Alexander & Julia Maesa
rev: Coiled serpent with head right
Struck 221-235 A.D. at Markianopolis
Moushmov 729
1 commentsJericho
bpS1H3Ellagab.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Elagabalus39 viewsObv: IMP ANTONIVS AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust, right.
Rev: TEMPORVM FELICITAS
Felicitas standing, head left, holding caduceus and cornucopia.
Antoninianus, 4.6 gm, 22 mm, RIC 149
ex: Joe Baran in Forum Auctions
Comment: Varius Avitus Bassianus was the son of Julia Soaemias and made a priest of the Syrian sun-god Elagabal. Thanks to the machinations of his mother and grandmother, Julia Maesa, who rumored that he was actually the bastard son of Caracalla, he was positioned to succeed Macrinus. On his ascension in 217 he attempted the introduction of his Eastern religion to the Roman mainstream. His reign was seen as a series of affronts to Roman traditions and sensibility and he was finally put to death on March 6, 222 along with his mother and then dragged through the streets of Rome and thrown into the Tiber River.
Massanutten
bpS1J5JuliaMaesa.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Julia Maesa44 viewsObv: IVLIA MAESA AVG
Bare headed and draped bust, right.
Rev: SAECVLI FELICITAS
Felicitas standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding caduceus.
Denarius, 2.6 gm, 17.5 mm, Rome RIC 271
Comment: The matriarch of the Severan dynasty following the death of her sister Julia Domna, the wife of Septimus Severus. She was the primary engineer in the elavation of her grandson, Elababalus, to the throne of the Empire and the death of Macrinus. Realizing her mistake she switched her support to her other grandson, Severus Alexander in whose reign she died in 225 or 226.
Massanutten
JuliaMaesaPudicitia.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, Julia Maesa - Pudicitia - Denarius8 viewsSilver denarius, RIC IV 268, BMCRE V 76, Cohen 36, gVF, frosty, 2.735g, 20.5mm, 0o, Rome mint, 218 - 222 A.D.; obverse IVLIA MAESA AVG, draped bust right; reverse PVDICITIA, Pudicitia seated left holding scepter;

Ex FORVM
Sylvianus
Julia Maesa AR Denarius.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Julia Maesa AR Denarius34 viewsJulia Maesa, Augusta 8 June 218 - 224 or 225 A.D.

Silver denarius, RIC 268, S 2183, BMC 76, C 36, gF, 2.067g, 19.7mm, 180o, Rome mint, 218 - 222 A.D.; obverse IVLIA MAESA AVG, draped bust right; reverse PVDICITIA, Pudicitia seated left holding scepter

from FORVM
Gaius Marius
0235-210.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, JULIA MAESA Denarius, RIC 254317 viewsRome mint AD 218-220
IVLIA MAESA AVG, Bust of Maesa right
IVNO, Juno standing left holding patera and sceptre
3.48 gr
Ref : RIC # 254, RCV #7750, Cohen #16
3 commentsPotator II
coins1 215.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Julia Maesa FELICITAS AVG46 viewsjulia maesa, grandmother of elagabalus and severus alexander,c. 170-223 A.D.
OBV: IVLIA MAESA AVG, draped bust right.
REV: FELICITAS AVG, felicitas standing left, holding patera over lighted altar and caduceus.

possible ancient "mule", or counterfeit.
ancientcoins
Maesa.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Julia Maesa, AR denarius72 viewsOptimus
Julia Maesa denarius Secularitas.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Julia Maesa, AR denarius77 views1 commentsOptimus
1999.030.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, JULIA MAESA, AR Denarius20 viewsFabiusMaximus
1999.014.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, JULIA MAESA, AR Denarius5 viewsFabiusMaximus
maesa.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Julia Maesa, AR Denarius35 viewsAttribution: RIC 268 (RIC IV, Pt. II)
Mint: Rome
Date: 221-222 AD

Obverse: VLIA MAESA AVG; Draped bust right, hair braided in straight lines and tucked into large bun at back of head
Reverse: PVDICITIA; Pudicitia seated left drawing veil over head and holding scepter, back of throne visible above her left shoulder

Weight: 2.67 grams

ex HJB Buy Bid Sale 156, lot #427
AnemicOak
Julia_Maesa.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Julia Maesa, AR Denarius35 viewsJulia Maesa, grandmother of Elagabalus (AD 218-ca. 225).

Silver denarius (3.47 gm). Ca. 218-222. IVLIA MAESA AVG, draped bust right, hair coiled in three braids in back.
Rev: PVDI—CITIA, Pudicitia enthroned half-left, adjusting veil and holding transverse scepter.
RIC 268. RSC 36. RCV 7756.
superflex
Ivlia-Maesa-Pudicitia.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, JULIA MAESA, AR denarius,218-222 AD, Rome.29 viewsJULIA MAESA, AR denarius,218-222 AD, Rome.


JULIA MAESA, grandmother of Elagabalus, AR denarius,218-222 AD, Rome.

Obv: IVLIA MAESA AVG, diademed and draped bust right
Rev: PVDICITIA, Pudicitia seated left, drawing out,veil from shoulder with right hand and holding sceptre in right
Ref.: BMC 541, 76; RIC 268; RSC 36, sear 7756

1 commentsGeorge
Julia Maesa denarius Pudicitia.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Julia Maesa, Denarius12 viewsRIC 268
Rev: PVDICITIA, Pudicitia seated left holding sceptre.
E Pinniger
4~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Julia Maesa, Denarius12 viewsJulia Maesa, AD 165–226, grandmother of Elagabalus.
Obverse: IVLIA MAESA AVG, draped bust right.
Reverse: PVDICITIA, Pudicitia seated left, raising veil and holding scepter.

RIC 268
ggergo
bpS1I7JulSoaem.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Julia Soaemias60 viewsObv: IVLIA SOAEMIAS AVG
Bare headed and draped bust right.
Rev: VENVS CAELESTIS
Venus entroned left, holding apple and and sceptre. Child standing right at her feet.
Denarius, 2.7 gm, 17 mm, Rome, RIC 243
ex Joe Baran out of Forum Auctions
Comment: Mother to Elagabalus, niece of Julia Domna (the wife of Septimus Severus), daughter of Julia Maesa and younger sister of Julia Mamaea (the mother of Severus Alexander). She promoted the induction of her son, Elagabalus, to the priesthood of the god that he is remembered by and she helped engineer the return of the House of the Severans to the Emperial power. Unfortunately, the excesses of her son so embittered the Roman people that he was abandoned by the family matriarch (Julia Maesa) and through benign neglect her son was allowed to fall into the angry hands of the Praetorian Guard and the mob of Rome. Soaemias was caught up in the blood lust and put to death with her son.
Massanutten
3~2.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Julia Soaemias, AR Denarius13 viewsJulia Soaemias Bassiana, AD 180-222, mother of Elagabalus, daughter of Julia Maesa.
220 AD.
Obverse: IVLIA SOAEMIAS AVG, draped bust right.
Reverse: VENVS CAELESTIS, Venus seated left, holding scepter, extending her hand to Cupid standing before her.
RIC 243
ggergo
bpS1L5SeverAlex.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Severus Alexander53 viewsObv: IMP CAES M AVR SEV ALEXANDER AVG
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: AEQVITAS AVGVSTI S C
Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae.
Sestertius, 19.8 gm, 30 mm, RIC 547
Comment: Maneuvered into replacing his cousin, Elagabalus, by his mother (Mamaea) and grandmother (Maesa). He was fourteen years old when he ascended to the imperial power and his mother became regent. His reign is generally seen as a stabilizing force on the Empire and he was popular with the citizens of Rome. Unfortunately, the military did not share that thought, and deeply resented the visible and powerful presence of Mamaea. In result Alexander and his mother were murdered by troops of the Rhine in March of 235. At the last he is reported to be held in the arms of his mother while cursing her for bringing bringing them to misfortune.
Massanutten
Screenshot_2019-07-31_13_37_21.png
Roman Imperal, Julia Maesa as Augusta, AR Denarius.8 viewsRome 222 A.D. 3.58g - 19.9mm, Axis 12h.

Obv: IVLIA MAESA AVG - Draped bust right.

Rev: PVDICITIA - Pudicitia seated left, raising veil and holding sceptre.

RIC IV-II 268.
scarli
Maesa2.jpg
Roman Julia Maesa Denarius29 viewsJulia Maesa Denarius. IVLIA MAESA AVG, draped bust right / PVDICITIA, Pudicitia seated left, raising veil and holding scepter.

RIC 268 , RSC 36.

Tanit
JMaesa01_publish.jpg
Roman, Julia Maesa164 viewsRIC 263 (3,1 gm, 20 mm).
Mint of Rome, 220 AD.
Wide & sharp specimen -
rare for this queen!
2 commentsneander
sa14.jpg
Severus Alexander & Julia Maesa Moushmov 730 Markianopolis35 viewsAE 27 Severus Alexander & Julia Maesa of Markianopolis. 222 - 238 C.E.
Magistrate Tiberius Julius Festus.
Obverse - AVT K M AVP CEVH ALEXANDPOC IOVLIA MAICA(...), confronted busts.
Reverse - VP TIB IOVL FHCTOV MAPKIANOPOLEITWN, Concordia standing left with patera & cornucopia, E to left.
NORMAN K
sajm1.jpg
Severus Alexander & Julia Maesa Moushmov 730 Markianopolis21 viewsAE 27 Severus Alexander & Julia Maesa of Markianopolis. 222 - 238 C.E.
Magistrate Tiberius Julius Festus.
Obverse: AVT K M AVP CEVH ALEXANDPOC IOVLIA MAICA(...), confronted busts.
Reverse: VP TIB IOVL FHCTOV MAPKIANOPOLEITWN, Concordia standing left with patera & cornucopia, E to left.
26 mm diam., 14.9 g.
NORMAN K
alex___maesa.jpg
Severus Alexander & Julia Maesa: Concordia15 viewsSeverus Alexander & Julia Maesa of Markianopolis. Magistrate Tiberius Julius Festus. AVT K M AVR SEVÊ ALEXANDROS IOVLIA MAISA, confronted busts / VP TIB IOVL FÊSTOV MARKIANOPOLEITWN, Concordia standing left with patera & cornucopiae, E to left. (=5) Moushmov 730.
1 commentsPodiceps
12.JPG
Severus Alexander and Julia Maesa Pentassarion , Markianopolis.55 views AVT K M AVP CEVH AΛEΞANΔPOC KAI IOVΛIA MAICA, Confronted busts of Alexander and Maesa

VΠ TIB IOVΛ ΦHCTOV MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩ, Hera standing with Palla, holding patera and scepter. E in field, N (of MakrianopolitoN) in exergue.



Issued under the Consular Legate Tiberius Julius Festus.

ex-Martin Griffiths, Photo M. Griffiths.

Moushmov 732, HrJ No. 6.33.3.1 corr., AMNG Vol 1 1051, Varbanov 1858.
Will Hooton
sev_alex___maesa_nemesis.jpg
Severus Alexander and Julia Maesa, 26.6mm; Nemesis; AMNG I 106512 viewsSeverus Alexander and Julia Maesa, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.; Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior. Bronze 5 assarion, AMNG I 1065, F, Marcianopolis mint, 11.610g, 26.3mm, 0o, obverse “AUT K M AUR” C“EUH ALEXANDRO”C “IOULIA MAI”C“A”, confronted busts of Severus Alexander and Julia Maesa; reverse “HG OUM TEREBENTIN-OU MARKIANOPOLIT”, Nemesis standing left, scales in right, scepter in left, wheel at feet left, “E” in right field. Ex FORVMPodiceps
lg_markianopolis.jpg
Severus Alexander and Julia Maesa, Moesia, Markianopolis54 viewsSeverus Alexander and Julia Maesa
Moesia, Markianopolis
AE 10.20g / 26mm / -
ΑVΤ Μ ΑVΡ CΕVΗ ΑΛΕΖΑΝΔΡΟC ΙΟVΛΙΑ ΜΑΙCΑ - Facing busts of Severus Alexander (facing right) and Julia Maesa (facing left)
ΙΟVΑ ΦΗCΤΟV ΜΑΡΚΙΑΝΟΠΟ - Serpent half erected right in four elaborate coils, E to left
Exergue: ΛIΤΩΝ
Mint: (221-235 AD)
Ref: Moushmov 729
Issued under legate Tiberius Iulius Festus
1 commentsScotvs Capitis
coins309.JPG
Severus Alexander and Julia Mamaea; Marcianopolis 24 viewsFrom Steve Minnoch:

The governor's name is Tiberius Julius Festus, who served under Severus Alexander. The other bust will be either Julia Maesa or Mamaea. With what looks like a wheel at her feet the figure is Nemesis-Aequitas, but Pick lists no such type at Marcianopolis for Sev Alex + either Julia under Festus.

1 commentsecoli
The_Ladies_opt.jpg
The Ladies of Rome49 viewsFaustina I
Faustina II
Lucilla
Julia Soaemias
Julia Domna
Julia Maesa
Helena
Herennia Etruscilla
Salonina
Severina
Fausta
Aelia Flaccilla
Legatus
433c.jpg
varb162520 viewsElagabalus and Julia Maesa
Marcianopolis

Obv: AVT K [M AVPH ANTΩNEI]NOC IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, laureate head of Elagabalus on left facing draped bust of Julia Maesa on right .
Rev: VΠ I(OV)Λ ANT CEΛEVKOV MAPKIANOΠO →ΛITΩN, Hades-Serapis enthroned left holding scepter, right hand extended towards 3 headed dog, Kerberos.
26 mm, 10.72 gms

Varbanov 1625
Charles M
JuliaDomnaRICIV560.jpg
[1003c] Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D.25 viewsAR Denarius; RIC IV 560; 16.89 mm, 3.5 grams; AD 196-202; VF, Rome mint; Obverse: IVLIA AVGVSTA, Draped bust right; Reverse: IVNO REGINA, Juno standing left holding patera and sceptre, peacock at feet. A nice denarius on a smallish flan. Ex Ancient Imports.

De Imperatoribus Romanis, An On-Line Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Severan Julias (A.D. 193-235)

Herbert W. Benario
Emory University

Julia Domna was born about 170 A.D., in Emesa of Syria. She was the youngest daughter of Julius Bassianus, priest of the sun god Elagabal. As such, she was part of the local aristocracy from a plebian family. Having come to the attention of Severus because of her promising horoscope, he married her, probably in 187 A.D. She gave birth to their first child, Bassianus, the future emperor M. Aurelius Antoninus, known as Caracalla, on 4 April 188. About thirteen months later, she gave birth to a second son, Geta.

When Septimius Severus claimed the empire after Didius Julianus had succeeded Pertinax in 193 A.D., two serious rivals challenged him, Pescennius Niger in the East and Clodius Albinus in the West. Julia Domna accompanied her husband in the campaign against Pescennius, having been honored with the title mater castrorum. After this successful campaign, there was another campaign in the East, against the Parthians, in 197 A.D. She was widely honored with inscriptions throughout this period, and numerous coin issues emphasized her imperial position. Julia Domna was, perhaps, more influential in the political life of the empire than any of her imperial predecessors.

She opposed Plautianus, the praetorian prefect and father-in-law of Caracalla, and was partially responsible for his downfall and his daughter Plautilla's disgrace. She was often accused of adultery; nonetheless, the emperor chose to ignore these charges, if true, and the marriage continued.

Among her passions were literature and philosophy; she gathered writers and philosophers in a kind of salon (among whom was Galen of Pergamum), and urged Philostratus to write the life of Apollonius of Tyana.

She once again accompanied her husband, with the two sons present as well, on campaign, against the Britons in 208 A.D. When Severus died at York in early 211 A.D., she returned to Rome with Caracalla and Geta, having gained the full title of mater castrorum et senatus et patriae, with the frequent addition of et Augustorum. She persuaded the two sons to share the rule, as the emperor had wished on his deathbed, but, since the brothers hated each other, this arrangement was doomed to failure. In 212 A.D., Caracalla murdered Geta while he sought succor in his mother's arms; covered with his blood, she was forbidden by Caracalla to grieve.

Her relationship with Caracalla during the six years of his reign was mixed. She had some public duties but largely devoted herself to philosophy. She accompanied Caracalla to the east on campaign against the Parthians in 217 A.D. When she learned, in Antioch, that he had been assassinated, she resolved upon death, which followed her refusal to take food. Her remains were ultimately placed in Hadrian's Mausoleum, at the insistence of Maesa, her sister. She was deified, and was known as Diva Iulia Domna or Diva Iulia Augusta. She was worshipped in various parts of the empire with local titles, such as Dea Caelestis in Carthage and Venus Caelestis in Puteoli.

By Herbert W. Benario, Emory University
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

If you are interested in Julia Domna, visit Ernie Thompson’s site: The Life, Family and Coinage of Julia Domna (http://juliadomna.ancients.info/).
1 commentsCleisthenes
MacrinusDiadumenian_Hygeia_Marcianopolis.jpg
[1006a] Macrinus, 11 April 217 - 8 June 218 A.D.; Diadumenian, mid May - 8 June 218 A.D.26 viewsMacrinus and Diadumenian, AMNG 750, 217-218 AD, 12.4 g, 27.25 mm; Moesia Inferior Marcianopolis; aVF; Obverse: Busts of Macrinus and Diadumenian facing each other; Reverse: Rv.: Asklepios standing left, with snake coiled on staff, lovely jade green patina; Ex Colosseum; Ex Ancient Imports.


De Imperatoribus Romanis,
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Macrinus (217-218 A.D.)

Michael L. Meckler
Ohio State University


Marcus Opellius Macrinus was the first emperor who was neither a senator nor of a senatorial family at the time of his accession. His 14-month reign was spent entirely in the East, where he proved unable to maintain the influence gained in the region by the campaigns of his predecessor, Caracalla, nor was Macrinus able to shake the suspicion that he was responsible for Caracalla's murder.

Macrinus was born in Caesarea in Mauretania around the year 165 AD. While it is highly conjectural that, as a young man, the future emperor was the dedicatee of Ampelius' encyclopedic Liber memoralis, Macrinus undoubtedly received a literary education that enabled him to rise high as a bureaucrat in the imperial service during the reign of the emperor Severus. Caracalla made Macrinus a praetorian prefect, an equestrian post that was second to the emperor in power. Macrinus shared the position with the experienced soldier Adventus, and the pair served Caracalla during the emperor's campaigns in the East.

By the end of the second campaigning season in the winter of 216-17, rumors were flying both in Rome and in the East that Macrinus was promoting himself as a possible future emperor. Caracalla must have been aware of the rumors concerning Macrinus, for the contemporary historian Cassius Dio notes the emperor was already reassigning members of Macrinus' staff. Such personnel moves may have accelerated Macrinus' plot.

Shortly before the campaigning season was to begin, Caracalla paid a visit to a temple near Carrhae. The emperor was accompanied by a hand-picked corps of bodyguards. The guards returned with Caracalla's murdered body, along with the body of one of the guards and a story that the dead guard killed the dead emperor. Not everyone was convinced, but Macrinus was able to translate his authority as praetorian prefect into that of emperor, being proclaimed by the troops on 11 April 217. Macrinus soon named his son, Diadumenianus, as Caesar and heir. The new emperor also got his former colleague, Adventus, out of the way by sending him back to Rome as urban prefect.

Macrinus straightaway sent conciliatory messages to the Parthian ruler Artabanus V, but Artabanus sensed weakness and raised an army to avenge his losses from the previous year's campaign. Macrinus hoped to avoid a battle with the Parthians, but fighting erupted between the armies while both sides were encamped around Nisibis. The Parthians gained victory and, during the following autumn and winter, peace negotiations were held. Macrinus ended up paying the Parthians large bribes and reparations. Settlements were also reached with the Armenians, and, in the lower Danube, with the Dacians, who had launched attacks on the Romans after learning of Caracalla's death.

By not returning to Rome in 217, Macrinus opened himself to criticism. Dissatisfaction was especially high in the city after a particularly violent, late-August thunderstorm started a fire that damaged much of the Colosseum and caused widespread flooding, especially in the Forum. Adventus proved himself incompetent as urban prefect and had to be replaced.

But grumblings in Rome were insignificant compared to the growing unease among the soldiers on campaign in the East. The defeat at Nisibis disheartened troops. Macrinus also introduced an unpopular, two-tier pay system in which new recruits received less money than veterans. The move was a way to save money after the pay raise granted by Caracalla, but it lowered morale as well.

Earlier, Caracalla's mother, Julia Domna, had toyed with the idea of raising a rebellion against Macrinus shortly after her son's murder, but the empress was uncertain of success and already suffering from breast cancer. She chose to starve herself to death instead.

The grandchildren of her sister, Julia Maesa, would become the focus of the successful uprising that began on 15 May 218. Her 14-year-old grandson Avitus (known to history as Elagabalus) was proclaimed emperor by one the legions camped near the family's hometown of Emesa. Other troops quickly joined the rebellion, but Macrinus marshalled loyal soldiers to crush the revolt. Macrinus also promoted his son to the rank of emperor.

The forces met in a village outside Antioch on 8 June 218. Despite the inexperience of the leaders of the rebel army, Macrinus was defeated. He sent his son, Diadumenianus, with an ambassador to the Parthian king, while Macrinus himself prepared to flee to Rome. Macrinus traveled across Asia Minor disguised as a courier and nearly made it to Europe, but he was captured in Chalcedon. Macrinus was transported to Cappadocia, where he was executed. Diadumenianus had also been captured (at Zeugma) and was similarly put to death.

Contemporaries tended to portray Macrinus as a fear-driven parvenu who was able to make himself emperor but was incapable of the leadership required by the job. An able administrator, Macrinus lacked the aristocratic connections and personal bravado that might have won him legitimacy. His short reign represented a brief interlude of Parthian success during what would prove the final decade of the Parthian empire.

Copyright (C) 1997, Michael L. Meckler. Published on De Imperatoribus Romanis, An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors;http://www.roman-emperors.org/macrinus.htm. Used by permission.

Diadumenian
Much of what we know of Diadumenianus comes to us from the unreliable Scriptores Historiae Augustae. While it is true that Curtius does give the boy-Emperor some copy, suffice it to say that Diadumenian was the son of Macrinus and made Caesar at the age of nine in 217 A.D. and Augustus in 218. After his father's defeat he fled towards Parthia but was overtaken and executed.
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/catalog/roman-and-greek-coins.asp?vpar=573&pos=0

A very minor player in the history of Rome, Diadumenian is most conspicuous because of his impressive issue of Greek Imperial (Roman Privincial) coinage, most notably in Moesia Inferior.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsCleisthenes
ElagabalusAe26.jpg
[1007c] Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D.35 viewsElagabalus AE 26; 26.62mm, 12.7g; Nicopolis ad Istrum, 218-222 A.D. Obverse: Radiate bust of Elagabalus right; Reverse: Aequitas left; VF/aVF; portrait of superb style . Ex Ancient Imports.

On his website, Doug Smith says, "Coin style, if judged as good or bad, must be judged only on how well it reflects the spirit of the times that produced it"
(http://dougsmith.ancients.info/style.html).

I have several coins struck during the reign of Elagabalus (not all are shown), and this bronze has two distinctions: it is the least expensive, and it is my favorite. In this portrait, I think that the die cutter captured in his compositon of Elagabalus's face a glimpse of self-awareness, a reflection of the insecurity of being a teenage emperor.


De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

ELAGABULUS (218-222 A.D.)

Michael L. Meckler
Ohio State University

Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, the "last of the Antonines," is better known to history as Elagabalus, the name of the sun-god of the Syrian city of Emesa. Elagabalus, the emperor, was a high-priest of this deity, and his active promotion of the god was among several actions that made him an object of scorn and ridicule among the Roman aristocracy. As a youth, living in Emesa with his mother in the household of his grandmother, Julia Maesa, he began to perform in the hereditary family role of high-priest at the temple of the god Elagabalus. Leading Syrian families used their teenager's public displays as high-priest to channel soldiers' discontent with the emperor Macrinus into sedition. Elagabalus's promotion of the cult of the Emesene sun-god was certainly ridiculed by contemporary observers, but this cult was popular among soldiers and would remain so. Moreover, the cult continued to be promoted by later emperors of non-Syrian ethnicity, notably Constantine the Great, calling the god The Unconquered Sun (Sol Invictus).

Much has been made by many historians concerning Elagabalus’ behavior. His three marriages, two to the same Vestal virgin, produced no heir and received considerable contemporary derision. The paramours of his homosexual infatuations, the topics of notorious rumors, became skoffed-at administrative appointees whose favor insulted the aristocracy. His bizarre habit of carrying a large stone while walking backwards through the streets of the capital was considered possible insanity. If there is any understanding of “Elagabalus’ rock,” it rests with the knowledge that both Elagabalus, the sun-god of the Syrian city of Emesa and the source of the emperor’s adopted name, and the Carthgenian goddess Tanit possessed, as was common in Semitic religions, a large stone that was the focus of worship. Elagabalus (the emperor) brought these stones together in a ritualistic “marriage of the gods.” The Elagabalus (god of Emesa) stone was a focus of devotion for Elagabalus the Emperor.

The beginning of the 222 found the emperor ever more closed in. Elagabalus increasingly refused to have contact with his advisors. Government was approaching gridlock as officials were unable to figure out who had authority. A failed attempt by Elagabalus to persuade soldiers to kill his cousin, Marcus Julius Gessius Alexianus (the future emperor Severus Alexander), proved his undoing. Elagabalus and his mother were murdered the evening of 11 March 222. Their bodies were dumped into the Tiber and their memories condemned. Marcus Julius Gessius Alexianus was proclaimed emperor but did not take the name Antoninus, connected as it was with the failed reign of his predecessor.

Scholars have often viewed the failure of Elagabalus' reign as a clash of cultures between "Eastern" (Syrian) and "Western" (Roman), but this dichotomy is not very useful. The criticisms of the emperor's effeminacy and sexual behavior mirror those made of earlier emperors (such as Nero) and do not need to be explained through ethnic stereotypes. Elagabalus is best understood as a teenager who was raised near the luxury of the imperial court and who then suffered a drastic change of fortune brought about by the sudden deaths -- probably within one year -- of his father, his grandfather and his cousin, the emperor Caracalla. Thrust upon the throne, Elagabalus lacked the required discipline. For a while, Romans may well have been amused by his "Merrie Monarch" behavior, but he ended up offending those he needed to inspire. His reign tragically demonstrated the difficulties of having a teenage emperor.

Copyright (C) 1997, Michael L. Meckler.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsCleisthenes
ElagabalusPanoramaNewLens1.jpg
[1007d] Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D. 21 viewsThis is the same coin as 1007c in this gallery. This is my photo using a Micro-Nikkor 55mm f/2.8 lens set on f/4 for 1 second. Neither the obverse nor the reverse images were "touched-up" after their shots. Click on photo to enlarge.

J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

Elagabalus AE 26; 26.62mm, 12.7g; Nicopolis ad Istrum, 218-222 A.D. Obverse: Radiate bust of Elagabalus right; Reverse: Aequitas left; VF/aVF; portrait of superb style . Ex Ancient Imports.

On his website, Doug Smith says, "Coin style, if judged as good or bad, must be judged only on how well it reflects the spirit of the times that produced it"
(http://dougsmith.ancients.info/style.html).

I have several coins struck during the reign of Elagabalus (not all are shown), and this bronze has two distinctions: it is the least expensive, and it is my favorite. In this portrait, I think that the die cutter captured in his compositon of Elagabalus's face a glimpse of self-awareness, a reflection of the insecurity of being a teenage emperor.


De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

ELAGABULUS (218-222 A.D.)

Michael L. Meckler
Ohio State University

Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, the "last of the Antonines," is better known to history as Elagabalus, the name of the sun-god of the Syrian city of Emesa. Elagabalus, the emperor, was a high-priest of this deity, and his active promotion of the god was among several actions that made him an object of scorn and ridicule among the Roman aristocracy. As a youth, living in Emesa with his mother in the household of his grandmother, Julia Maesa, he began to perform in the hereditary family role of high-priest at the temple of the god Elagabalus. Leading Syrian families used their teenager's public displays as high-priest to channel soldiers' discontent with the emperor Macrinus into sedition. Elagabalus's promotion of the cult of the Emesene sun-god was certainly ridiculed by contemporary observers, but this cult was popular among soldiers and would remain so. Moreover, the cult continued to be promoted by later emperors of non-Syrian ethnicity, notably Constantine the Great, calling the god The Unconquered Sun (Sol Invictus).

Much has been made by many historians concerning Elagabalus’ behavior. His three marriages, two to the same Vestal virgin, produced no heir and received considerable contemporary derision. The paramours of his homosexual infatuations, the topics of notorious rumors, became skoffed-at administrative appointees whose favor insulted the aristocracy. His bizarre habit of carrying a large stone while walking backwards through the streets of the capital was considered possible insanity. If there is any understanding of “Elagabalus’ rock,” it rests with the knowledge that both Elagabalus, the sun-god of the Syrian city of Emesa and the source of the emperor’s adopted name, and the Carthgenian goddess Tanit possessed, as was common in Semitic religions, a large stone that was the focus of worship. Elagabalus (the emperor) brought these stones together in a ritualistic “marriage of the gods.” The Elagabalus (god of Emesa) stone was a focus of devotion for Elagabalus the Emperor.

The beginning of the 222 found the emperor ever more closed in. Elagabalus increasingly refused to have contact with his advisors. Government was approaching gridlock as officials were unable to figure out who had authority. A failed attempt by Elagabalus to persuade soldiers to kill his cousin, Marcus Julius Gessius Alexianus (the future emperor Severus Alexander), proved his undoing. Elagabalus and his mother were murdered the evening of 11 March 222. Their bodies were dumped into the Tiber and their memories condemned. Marcus Julius Gessius Alexianus was proclaimed emperor but did not take the name Antoninus, connected as it was with the failed reign of his predecessor.

Scholars have often viewed the failure of Elagabalus' reign as a clash of cultures between "Eastern" (Syrian) and "Western" (Roman), but this dichotomy is not very useful. The criticisms of the emperor's effeminacy and sexual behavior mirror those made of earlier emperors (such as Nero) and do not need to be explained through ethnic stereotypes. Elagabalus is best understood as a teenager who was raised near the luxury of the imperial court and who then suffered a drastic change of fortune brought about by the sudden deaths -- probably within one year -- of his father, his grandfather and his cousin, the emperor Caracalla. Thrust upon the throne, Elagabalus lacked the required discipline. For a while, Romans may well have been amused by his "Merrie Monarch" behavior, but he ended up offending those he needed to inspire. His reign tragically demonstrated the difficulties of having a teenage emperor.

Copyright (C) 1997, Michael L. Meckler.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
ElagabAntioch.jpg
[1007e] Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D. (Antioch)33 viewsElagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Antioch, Syria. Bronze AE 20, SGI 3098, BMC 449, F, Antioch, 5.11g, 19.7mm, 180o. Obverse: IMP C M AVR ANTONINVS AVG, laureate head right; Reverse: large DE, star below, all in wreath. Ex FORVM.


De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

ELAGABALUS (218-222 A.D.)

Michael L. Meckler
Ohio State University

Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, the "last of the Antonines," is better known to history as Elagabalus, the name of the sun-god of the Syrian city of Emesa. Elagabalus, the emperor, was a high-priest of this deity, and his active promotion of the god was among several actions that made him an object of scorn and ridicule among the Roman aristocracy. As a youth, living in Emesa with his mother in the household of his grandmother, Julia Maesa, he began to perform in the hereditary family role of high-priest at the temple of the god Elagabalus. Leading Syrian families used their teenager's public displays as high-priest to channel soldiers' discontent with the emperor Macrinus into sedition. Elagabalus's promotion of the cult of the Emesene sun-god was certainly ridiculed by contemporary observers, but this cult was popular among soldiers and would remain so. Moreover, the cult continued to be promoted by later emperors of non-Syrian ethnicity, notably Constantine the Great, calling the god The Unconquered Sun (Sol Invictus).

Much has been made by many historians concerning Elagabalus’ behavior. His three marriages, two to the same Vestal virgin, produced no heir and received considerable contemporary derision. The paramours of his homosexual infatuations, the topics of notorious rumors, became skoffed-at administrative appointees whose favor insulted the aristocracy. His bizarre habit of carrying a large stone while walking backwards through the streets of the capital was considered possible insanity. If there is any understanding of “Elagabalus’ rock,” it rests with the knowledge that both Elagabalus, the sun-god of the Syrian city of Emesa and the source of the emperor’s adopted name, and the Carthgenian goddess Tanit possessed, as was common in Semitic religions, a large stone that was the focus of worship. Elagabalus (the emperor) brought these stones together in a ritualistic “marriage of the gods.” The Elagabalus (god of Emesa) stone was a focus of devotion for Elagabalus the Emperor.

The beginning of the 222 found the emperor ever more closed in. Elagabalus increasingly refused to have contact with his advisors. Government was approaching gridlock as officials were unable to figure out who had authority. A failed attempt by Elagabalus to persuade soldiers to kill his cousin, Marcus Julius Gessius Alexianus (the future emperor Severus Alexander), proved his undoing. Elagabalus and his mother were murdered the evening of 11 March 222. Their bodies were dumped into the Tiber and their memories condemned. Marcus Julius Gessius Alexianus was proclaimed emperor but did not take the name Antoninus, connected as it was with the failed reign of his predecessor.

Scholars have often viewed the failure of Elagabalus' reign as a clash of cultures between "Eastern" (Syrian) and "Western" (Roman), but this dichotomy is not very useful. The criticisms of the emperor's effeminacy and sexual behavior mirror those made of earlier emperors (such as Nero) and do not need to be explained through ethnic stereotypes. Elagabalus is best understood as a teenager who was raised near the luxury of the imperial court and who then suffered a drastic change of fortune brought about by the sudden deaths -- probably within one year -- of his father, his grandfather and his cousin, the emperor Caracalla. Thrust upon the throne, Elagabalus lacked the required discipline. For a while, Romans may well have been amused by his "Merrie Monarch" behavior, but he ended up offending those he needed to inspire. His reign tragically demonstrated the difficulties of having a teenage emperor.

Copyright (C) 1997, Michael L. Meckler.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr
Cleisthenes
JuliaMamaeaRIC343.jpg
[1008a] Julia Mamaea, Augusta 13 March 222 - February or March 235 A.D.54 viewsSeverus Alexander for Julia Mamaea. 222-235 AD. AR Denarius, RIC 343; Cohen 35; BMC 43. 2.68 gm, 19mm; VF, Rome mint, 222. Obverse: IVLIA MAMAEA AVG; Draped bust to right; Reverse: IVNO CONSERVATRIX; Juno standing to left, holding patera and sceptre, at her feet a peacock. Toned. Ex Tom Vossen.

De Imperatoribus Romanis, An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Severan Julias (A.D. 193-235)

Herbert W. Benario
Emory University

Julia Mamaea
The younger daughter of Maesa, Mamaea had a happier, more successful, and lengthier life as imperial mother than her sister Soaemias. She married Gessius Marcianus, and in 208 bore him a son, Bassianus, later known as Alexander Severus. She was with her mother and sister in the East in 218 AD when her nephew, Elagabalus, was raised to the purple. Alexander was made Caesar in early 222 and soon thereafter became emperor, following the murder of his cousin and aunt. He was fourteen years old and much subject to the control of his grandmother and mother, who effectively governed the empire. After Maesa's death, Mamaea remained the dominant figure until her death.

She had seen to it that Alexander received a good education and, once emperor, chose a council of sixteen senators. Her imperial title was Iulia Augusta, mater Augusti nostri et castrorum et senatus et patriae, recalling the titulature of Julia Domna. Her position in the government was confirmed by the title consors imperii. She was charged with avaritia, but otherwise led a life free from scandal. She was recognized as religiosissima, having had conversation with Origen while in the East. She had accompanied Alexander thither on campaign against the Persians in 230/31. In 235, she was with him in Germany, at Mainz, when they were assassinated by the troops, with Maximinus Thrax chosen as successor. She suffered damnatio memoriae.


Copyright (C) 2001, Herbert W. Benario. Published on De Imperatoribus Romanis, An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors;http://www.roman-emperors.org/sevjulia.htm. Used by permission.

Julia Mamaea was the highly intelligent and capable mother of Severus Alexander. After the death of her mother Julia Maesa, Julia Mamaea was the power behind the throne and largely responsible for the impressive recovery of the Roman state that took place during her son's rule. Though popular with the population of the empire, the military was deeply offended at being controlled by a woman. In 235 A.D., Julia Mamaea and Severus Alexander were both murdered by mutinous soldiers led by the thug Maximinus I (Joseph Sermarini).

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
SeverusAlexanderRIC70RSC325s.jpg
[1009a] Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.83 viewsSilver denarius, RIC 70, RSC 325, S -, EF, Rome mint, 2.803g, 20.7mm, 0o, 227 A.D.; Obverse: IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate and draped bust right; Reverse: P M TR P VI COS II P P, Emperor standing left, sacrificing from patera in right over a tripod, scroll in left; cameo-like obverse with toned portrait and legend and bright fields, slightly frosty surfaces, details of head on reverse figure unstruck, slightly irregular flan. Ex FORVM.

In this year Ardashir invaded Parthia and established the Sassanid Dynasty, which claimed direct descent from Xerxes and Darius. The Eastern power grew stronger and the threat to the Romans immense.

Marcus Aurelius Severus Alexander was promoted from Caesar to Augustus after the murder of his cousin, Elagabalus. His reign was marked by great economic prosperity, and he enjoyed great success against the barbarian tribes. His mother Julia Mamaea was the real power in the empire, controlling her son's policies and even his personal life with great authority. Severus had an oratory where he prayed under the edict, written on the wall, "Do not unto others what you would not have done to yourself" and the images of various prophets including Mithras, Zoroaster, Abraham and Jesus. Mutinous soldiers led by Maximinus I murdered both Severus Alexander and his mother (Joseph Sermarini).

De Imeratoribus Romanis,
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Alexander Severus (A.D. 222-235)

Herbert W. Benario
Emory University

Introduction and Sources
"But as Alexander was a modest and dutiful youth, of only seventeen years of age, the reins of government were in the hands of two women, of his mother Mamaea, and of Maesa, his grandmother. After the death of the latter, who survived but a short time the elevation of Alexander, Mamaea remained the sole regent of her son and of the empire." (Gibbon, Decline and Fall, chap. 6: Modern Library Edition, p. 130)

"As the imperial system developed, it disclosed its various arcana one by one. How much does the personality of the ruler matter? Less and less, it should seem. Be he boy, buffoon, or philosopher, his conduct may not have much effect on the administration. Habit and routine took over, with groups and grades of bureaucrats at hand to fill the posts." (Syme, Emperors and Biography, 146)

The passages quoted above emphasize two important aspects of the principate of Severus Alexander (or Alexander Severus), his youth and the influence of women during his reign. The significance of the latter invites brief discourse about the four women known as the "Severan Julias," whose origin was Syria. Julia Domna became the second wife of Septimius Severus and bore him two sons, the later emperors Caracalla and Geta. Her role in the administration of her husband was significant, which her expansive titulature, "mother of the camp and the senate and the country," reflected. Her sister, Julia Maesa, had two daughters, each of whom produced a son who was to become emperor. Julia Soaemias was the mother of Elagabalus, and shared his fate when he was assassinated. Julia Mamaea bore Alexander, who succeeded his cousin; he was very young and hence much under the control of grandmother and mother. For the first time in its imperial history, the empire of Rome was de facto, though not de iure, governed by women.

The literary sources, while numerous, are limited in value. Chief among them, at least in scope, is the biography in the Historia Augusta, much the longest of all the lives in this peculiar collection. Though purporting to be the work of six authors in the early fourth century, it is now generally considered to have been produced by one author writing in the last years of this century. Spacious in its treatment of the emperor and extremely favorable to him on the whole, it has little historical merit, seeming rather an extended work of fiction. It must be used with the utmost caution.

Herodian, whose history covered the period 180-238, was a contemporary of Severus Alexander, and his coverage of the latter's reign is extensive. Another contemporary, Dio Cassius, who was consul in 229 and whose judgments would have been most valuable, is unfortunately useless here, since his history survives only in abbreviated form and covers barely a page of printed text for the whole reign (Book 80). Aurelius Victor, Eutropius, the Epitome de Caesaribus, and other Latin sources are extremely brief, informing us of only the occasional anecdote. Christian writers make minimal contribution; legal texts offer much instruction, particularly those dealing with or stemming from Ulpian; coins, inscriptions, papyri, and archaeology help fill the gaps left by the literary sources.

Early Life and Education
The future emperor was born in Arca Caesarea in Phoenicia on October 1, 208 although some sources put the date three years earlier (as Gibbon assumed, see above), the son of Gessius Marcianus, whose career advanced in the equestrian cursus, and of Julia Mamaea, niece of the then empress, Julia Domna, wife of Septimius Severus. He was raised quietly and well educated, at the instance of his mother. He came into the public eye only in 218, when, after Macrinus' murder of Caracalla and accession to the purple, he and his mother were declared hostes publici. In June of that year, Elagabalus defeated Macrinus and succeeded him as emperor. Alexander and Mamaea were soon rehabilitated. As his cousin's activities, religious, political, and personal, became increasingly unacceptable, Alexander was drawn ever more into public life. In mid 221, he assumed the toga virilis, was adopted by Elagabalus as a colleague, was granted the name Alexander, and elevated to the rank of Caesar. There had been talk that he was the illegitimate child of Caracalla, which won him support among the army, and this was confirmed, at least for public consumption, by his filiation in the official titulature back to Septimius. He was now styled Imp. Caes. M. Aurelii Antonini Pii Felicis Aug. fil., divi Antonini Magni Pii nepos, divi Severi pronepos M. Aurelius Alexander, nobilissimus Caesar imperi et sacerdotis, princeps iuventutis. The connection with Septimius Severus was crucial, since he was the only one of these predecessors who had been deified. Alexander was about 12½ years old. Less than a year later, on March 13, 222, with the murder of Elagabalus, Alexander was hailed as emperor by the army. He considered this date as his dies imperii. He became thereby the youngest emperor in Rome's history. He was immediately thereafter given the titles of Augustus, pater patriae, and pontifex maximus.

His Principate; Grandmother, Mother, Ulpian
Having had no experience in government, the young emperor was largely dependent upon the two senior women in his life to guide his actions. His grandmother, Julia Maesa, may well have died as early as 223, so that his mother, Julia Mamaea, played the major role in the empire's administration from early on until the end. The only other figures who could rival her were the two Praetorian Prefects, both eminent jurists, Ulpian and Paulus, who are well-known to us because of the numerous citations of their legal views and administrative decisions preserved in the Corpus Iuris Civilis. Both were members of Alexander's consilium. Alexander attempted to restore some of the senate's prestige and functions, but with little success. He was even unable to protect Ulpian against the anger of the praetorians, who then murdered the jurist in 223.

Had his principate been peaceful, he might have developed into a significant emperor, certainly in comparison with his immediate predecessors. He was married once, in 225 to Sallustia Orbiana, who received the official titulature Sallustia Barbia Orbiana Augusta, but she was banished to Libya two years later. Her father, L. Seius Sallustius, was perhaps raised to the rank of Caesar by Alexander and was put to death in 227 on a charge of attempted murder of the emperor. The only other recorded uprising against Alexander is that of Taurinus, who was hailed as Augustus but drowned himself in the Euphrates.

According to the HA life, Alexander was a "good" person, and his mother certainly attempted to guide him well, but much of the last decade of his reign was preoccupied with serious military threats against the empire's prestige, nay existence. In those dangerous circumstances, his abilities, which had not earlier been honed, proved inadequate.

Domestic Policy
Perhaps the greatest service which Alexander furnished Rome, certainly at the beginning of his reign, was the return to a sense of sanity and tradition after the madness and fanaticism of Elagabalus. He is said to have honored and worshipped a variety of individuals, including Christ. His amiability assisted his relationship with the senate, which gained in honor under him without any real increase in its power. Besides jurists in high office, literary figures were also so distinguished; Marius Maximus, the biographer, and Dio Cassius, the historian, gained second consulships, the former in 223, the latter in 229.

The emperor's building program made its mark upon the face of Rome. The last of the eleven great aqueducts, the aqua Alexandrina, was put into service in 226; he also rebuilt the thermae Neronianae in the Campus Martius in the following year and gave them his own name. Of the other constructions, perhaps the most intriguing are the Diaetae Mammaeae, apartments which he built for his mother on the Palatine.

The Persian and German Wars
The first great external challenge appeared in the east, where the Parthian dynasty, which had ruled the Iranian plateau and other large areas for centuries, and who for long had been one of Rome's great rivals, was overthrown by the Persian family of the Sassanids by 227. They aspired to restore their domain to include all the Asian lands which had been ruled in the glory days of the Persian Empire. Since this included Asia Minor as well as all other eastern provinces, the stage was set for continuing clashes with Rome.

These began late in the decade, with significant success early on for the Sassanids. But Rome gradually developed a defense against these incursions, and ultimately the emperor, with his mother and staff, went to the east in 231. There actual military command rested in the hands of his generals, but his presence gave additional weight to the empire's policy. Persia's early successes soon faded as Rome's armies brought their power and experience to bear. The result was an acceptance of the status quo rather than a settlement between the parties. This occurred in 233 and Alexander returned to Rome. His presence in the west was required by a German threat, particularly along the Rhine, where the tribes took advantage of the withdrawal of Roman troops for the eastern war.

In 234, Alexander and Julia Mammaea moved to Moguntiacum (Mainz), the capital of Upper Germany. The military situation had improved with the return of troops from the east, and an ambitious offensive campaign was planned, for which a bridge was built across the Rhine. But Alexander preferred to negotiate for peace by buying off the enemy. This policy outraged the soldiers, who mutinied in mid March 235 and killed the emperor and his mother. He had reached the age of 26½ years and had been emperor for almost precisely half his life. He was deified by the senate and received other posthumous honors. With the accession of Maximinus Thrax, the Severan dynasty came to an end.

Death and Evaluation
Tacitus' famous dictum about Galba, that he was properly considered capax imperii, capable of being emperor, until he showed, when emperor, that he was not, could never have been applied to Severus Alexander. A child when chance brought him to the principate, with only two recommendations, that he was different from Elagabalus and that he was part of the Severan family, he proved to be inadequate for the challenges of the time. Military experience was the prime attribute of an emperor now, which Alexander did not have, and that lack ultimately cost him his life. Guided by his mother and employing the services of distinguished men, he returned dignity to the imperial household and to the state. He did the best he could, but that best was not good enough in the early decades of the third century A.D., with the great threats from east and north challenging Rome's primacy and, indeed, existence.

Copyright (C) 2001, Herbert W. Benario. Published on De Imeratoribus Romanis, An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors; http://www.roman-emperors.org/alexsev.htm . Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
SevAl.jpg
[1009b] Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.110 viewsSilver denarius, RIC 19, S -, aF, Rome, 2.806g, 20.0mm, 0o, 223 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate and draped bust right; reverse P M TR P II COS P P, Jupiter standing left cloak over arms, holding long scepter and thunderbolt. Nice portrait. Ex FORVM.

Marcus Aurelius Severus Alexander was promoted from Caesar to Augustus after the murder of his cousin, Elagabalus. His reign was marked by great economic prosperity, and he enjoyed great success against the barbarian tribes. His mother Julia Mamaea was the real power in the empire, controlling her son's policies and even his personal life with great authority. Severus had an oratory where he prayed under the edict, written on the wall, "Do not unto others what you would not have done to yourself" and the images of various prophets including Mithras, Zoroaster, Abraham and Jesus. Mutinous soldiers led by Maximinus I murdered both Severus Alexander and his mother (Joseph Sermarini).


De Imeratoribus Romanis,
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Alexander Severus (A.D. 222-235)

Herbert W. Benario
Emory University

Introduction and Sources
"But as Alexander was a modest and dutiful youth, of only seventeen years of age, the reins of government were in the hands of two women, of his mother Mamaea, and of Maesa, his grandmother. After the death of the latter, who survived but a short time the elevation of Alexander, Mamaea remained the sole regent of her son and of the empire." (Gibbon, Decline and Fall, chap. 6: Modern Library Edition, p. 130)

"As the imperial system developed, it disclosed its various arcana one by one. How much does the personality of the ruler matter? Less and less, it should seem. Be he boy, buffoon, or philosopher, his conduct may not have much effect on the administration. Habit and routine took over, with groups and grades of bureaucrats at hand to fill the posts." (Syme, Emperors and Biography, 146)

The passages quoted above emphasize two important aspects of the principate of Severus Alexander (or Alexander Severus), his youth and the influence of women during his reign. The significance of the latter invites brief discourse about the four women known as the "Severan Julias," whose origin was Syria. Julia Domna became the second wife of Septimius Severus and bore him two sons, the later emperors Caracalla and Geta. Her role in the administration of her husband was significant, which her expansive titulature, "mother of the camp and the senate and the country," reflected. Her sister, Julia Maesa, had two daughters, each of whom produced a son who was to become emperor. Julia Soaemias was the mother of Elagabalus, and shared his fate when he was assassinated. Julia Mamaea bore Alexander, who succeeded his cousin; he was very young and hence much under the control of grandmother and mother. For the first time in its imperial history, the empire of Rome was de facto, though not de iure, governed by women.

The literary sources, while numerous, are limited in value. Chief among them, at least in scope, is the biography in the Historia Augusta, much the longest of all the lives in this peculiar collection. Though purporting to be the work of six authors in the early fourth century, it is now generally considered to have been produced by one author writing in the last years of this century. Spacious in its treatment of the emperor and extremely favorable to him on the whole, it has little historical merit, seeming rather an extended work of fiction. It must be used with the utmost caution.

Herodian, whose history covered the period 180-238, was a contemporary of Severus Alexander, and his coverage of the latter's reign is extensive. Another contemporary, Dio Cassius, who was consul in 229 and whose judgments would have been most valuable, is unfortunately useless here, since his history survives only in abbreviated form and covers barely a page of printed text for the whole reign (Book 80). Aurelius Victor, Eutropius, the Epitome de Caesaribus, and other Latin sources are extremely brief, informing us of only the occasional anecdote. Christian writers make minimal contribution; legal texts offer much instruction, particularly those dealing with or stemming from Ulpian; coins, inscriptions, papyri, and archaeology help fill the gaps left by the literary sources.

Early Life and Education
The future emperor was born in Arca Caesarea in Phoenicia on October 1, 208 although some sources put the date three years earlier (as Gibbon assumed, see above), the son of Gessius Marcianus, whose career advanced in the equestrian cursus, and of Julia Mamaea, niece of the then empress, Julia Domna, wife of Septimius Severus. He was raised quietly and well educated, at the instance of his mother. He came into the public eye only in 218, when, after Macrinus' murder of Caracalla and accession to the purple, he and his mother were declared hostes publici. In June of that year, Elagabalus defeated Macrinus and succeeded him as emperor. Alexander and Mamaea were soon rehabilitated. As his cousin's activities, religious, political, and personal, became increasingly unacceptable, Alexander was drawn ever more into public life. In mid 221, he assumed the toga virilis, was adopted by Elagabalus as a colleague, was granted the name Alexander, and elevated to the rank of Caesar. There had been talk that he was the illegitimate child of Caracalla, which won him support among the army, and this was confirmed, at least for public consumption, by his filiation in the official titulature back to Septimius. He was now styled Imp. Caes. M. Aurelii Antonini Pii Felicis Aug. fil., divi Antonini Magni Pii nepos, divi Severi pronepos M. Aurelius Alexander, nobilissimus Caesar imperi et sacerdotis, princeps iuventutis. The connection with Septimius Severus was crucial, since he was the only one of these predecessors who had been deified. Alexander was about 12½ years old. Less than a year later, on March 13, 222, with the murder of Elagabalus, Alexander was hailed as emperor by the army. He considered this date as his dies imperii. He became thereby the youngest emperor in Rome's history. He was immediately thereafter given the titles of Augustus, pater patriae, and pontifex maximus.

His Principate; Grandmother, Mother, Ulpian
Having had no experience in government, the young emperor was largely dependent upon the two senior women in his life to guide his actions. His grandmother, Julia Maesa, may well have died as early as 223, so that his mother, Julia Mamaea, played the major role in the empire's administration from early on until the end. The only other figures who could rival her were the two Praetorian Prefects, both eminent jurists, Ulpian and Paulus, who are well-known to us because of the numerous citations of their legal views and administrative decisions preserved in the Corpus Iuris Civilis. Both were members of Alexander's consilium. Alexander attempted to restore some of the senate's prestige and functions, but with little success. He was even unable to protect Ulpian against the anger of the praetorians, who then murdered the jurist in 223.

Had his principate been peaceful, he might have developed into a significant emperor, certainly in comparison with his immediate predecessors. He was married once, in 225 to Sallustia Orbiana, who received the official titulature Sallustia Barbia Orbiana Augusta, but she was banished to Libya two years later. Her father, L. Seius Sallustius, was perhaps raised to the rank of Caesar by Alexander and was put to death in 227 on a charge of attempted murder of the emperor. The only other recorded uprising against Alexander is that of Taurinus, who was hailed as Augustus but drowned himself in the Euphrates.

According to the HA life, Alexander was a "good" person, and his mother certainly attempted to guide him well, but much of the last decade of his reign was preoccupied with serious military threats against the empire's prestige, nay existence. In those dangerous circumstances, his abilities, which had not earlier been honed, proved inadequate.

Domestic Policy
Perhaps the greatest service which Alexander furnished Rome, certainly at the beginning of his reign, was the return to a sense of sanity and tradition after the madness and fanaticism of Elagabalus. He is said to have honored and worshipped a variety of individuals, including Christ. His amiability assisted his relationship with the senate, which gained in honor under him without any real increase in its power. Besides jurists in high office, literary figures were also so distinguished; Marius Maximus, the biographer, and Dio Cassius, the historian, gained second consulships, the former in 223, the latter in 229.

The emperor's building program made its mark upon the face of Rome. The last of the eleven great aqueducts, the aqua Alexandrina, was put into service in 226; he also rebuilt the thermae Neronianae in the Campus Martius in the following year and gave them his own name. Of the other constructions, perhaps the most intriguing are the Diaetae Mammaeae, apartments which he built for his mother on the Palatine.

The Persian and German Wars
The first great external challenge appeared in the east, where the Parthian dynasty, which had ruled the Iranian plateau and other large areas for centuries, and who for long had been one of Rome's great rivals, was overthrown by the Persian family of the Sassanids by 227. They aspired to restore their domain to include all the Asian lands which had been ruled in the glory days of the Persian Empire. Since this included Asia Minor as well as all other eastern provinces, the stage was set for continuing clashes with Rome.

These began late in the decade, with significant success early on for the Sassanids. But Rome gradually developed a defense against these incursions, and ultimately the emperor, with his mother and staff, went to the east in 231. There actual military command rested in the hands of his generals, but his presence gave additional weight to the empire's policy. Persia's early successes soon faded as Rome's armies brought their power and experience to bear. The result was an acceptance of the status quo rather than a settlement between the parties. This occurred in 233 and Alexander returned to Rome. His presence in the west was required by a German threat, particularly along the Rhine, where the tribes took advantage of the withdrawal of Roman troops for the eastern war.

In 234, Alexander and Julia Mammaea moved to Moguntiacum (Mainz), the capital of Upper Germany. The military situation had improved with the return of troops from the east, and an ambitious offensive campaign was planned, for which a bridge was built across the Rhine. But Alexander preferred to negotiate for peace by buying off the enemy. This policy outraged the soldiers, who mutinied in mid March 235 and killed the emperor and his mother. He had reached the age of 26½ years and had been emperor for almost precisely half his life. He was deified by the senate and received other posthumous honors. With the accession of Maximinus Thrax, the Severan dynasty came to an end.

Death and Evaluation
Tacitus' famous dictum about Galba, that he was properly considered capax imperii, capable of being emperor, until he showed, when emperor, that he was not, could never have been applied to Severus Alexander. A child when chance brought him to the principate, with only two recommendations, that he was different from Elagabalus and that he was part of the Severan family, he proved to be inadequate for the challenges of the time. Military experience was the prime attribute of an emperor now, which Alexander did not have, and that lack ultimately cost him his life. Guided by his mother and employing the services of distinguished men, he returned dignity to the imperial household and to the state. He did the best he could, but that best was not good enough in the early decades of the third century A.D., with the great threats from east and north challenging Rome's primacy and, indeed, existence.

Copyright (C) 2001, Herbert W. Benario. Published on De Imeratoribus Romanis, An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors; http://www.roman-emperors.org/alexsev.htm . Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
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