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Search results - "Iulia"
Giuliano2_33C00DaR.jpg
155 views2 commentsRugser
DenLIliusBursio.jpg
102 viewsDenarius - 85 BC. - Rome mint
L. IVLIVS BVRSIO - Gens Iulia
Obv.: Winged male head right with the attributes of Neptune, Apollo and Mercury, control-mark & trident behind
Rev.: Victory in quadriga right holding reins and wreath, L IVLI BVRSIO in ex.
Gs. 3,9 mm 19,79
Crawf. 352/1a, Sear RCV 268, Grueber 2485



Maxentius
augustus_iulia_trad.jpg
(02) AUGUSTUS10 views27 BC- 14 AD,  AE 23 mm, 6.61 g O: PERM CAES AVG. around bare head of
Augustus, left R: IVLIA TRADUCTA in two lines within
wreath. Hispania Baetica (Spain), Julia Traducta mint
RPC I, 108, SNG Copenhagen 459.
laney
cm_standing_figure_comb.jpg
(06) NERO--COUNTERMARKED47 views54 - 68 AD
AE 19 mm 3.02 g
Phrygia, Akmoneia (probably L. Servenius Capito and his wife Iulia Severa. Struck circa 65 AD).
O: draped bust right; countermark: Asklepios holding snake-encircled staff
R: Zeus seated left, holding patera and sceptre
cf SNG von Aulock 3375 (same countermark).
laney
ABH_617_AS_CELSA_Augusto.jpg
01-64 - Celsa - Hispania - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)30 viewsHoy Velilla del Ebro, Tarragona, España
CN.Domitius y C.Pompeius duoviri

AE AS 28 mm 8.9 gr.

Anv: "IMP CAESAR DIVI F AVGVSTVS COS XII" (Leyenda anti-horaria)- Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: Toro estante a derecha, "CN DOMIT" arriba, "C POMPEI" debajo, "II VIR" delante y "C V I CEL" detrás.

Acuñada 05 - 03 A.C.
Ceca: Colonia Lépida Victrix Iulia - Hispania

Referencias: RPC I #278, ACIP #3169e, SNG Cop #541, ABH #811/2, ABH (Ant) #1486 P.184, Vv Pl.CLXI #8, Cohen Vol.1 #700 Pag.156, Guadan #446, Ripolles #3159 P.368
mdelvalle
BMC_XXVI__62_Augusto_BERYTOS_FENICIA.jpg
01-80 - Beritos - Fenicia - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)19 viewsAE22 22 mm 12.0 gr.
Acuñada a Divo Augusto durante el reinado de Trajano.
La Colonia Iulia Augusta Felix Berytus fue fundada por veteranos de las 5ta. y 8va. legione, probablemente en el 14 A.C.

Anv: " DIVOS AVGVSTVS " Cabeza desnuda de Augusto viendo a derecha.
Rev: "COL·/ IVL " (en campo centro alto), "AVG" (en campo derecho) y , "BER" (en campo izquierdo), rodeando a Fundador velado, arando a derecha con un buey y una vaca .

Acuñada probablemente 98–102 D.C.
Ceca: Beritos - Fenicia

Referencias: RPC I #1651 Pag.308 - Sawaya 2009 #565 Pag.37 - BMC Phoenicia #65-5 Pag.60
mdelvalle
Craw_467_1a_Denario_Julio_Cesar_1.jpg
02 - 04 - Julio Cesar (49 - 44 A.C.)28 viewsAR Denario 20/18 mm de 3,5 gr.

Anv: COS·TERT·DICT·ITER, Cabeza de Ceres a der.
Rev: AVGVR / PONT MAX , D (Donativum) en campo der., Emblemas sacerdotales, Simpulum (Copa pequeña con mango), aspergillum/aspersorio (Instrumento para espolvorear o rociar), capis y Lituus/lituo (bastón ritual augural).

Esta serie fue acuñada, probablemente, para el pago de las Legiones Victoriosas en la batalla de Thapsus/Tapso (Túnez), en la cual Julio César consiguió una victoria importante sobre Metelo Escipión y el rey númida Juba I, el 6 de abril del 46 A.C.. Por otro lado Ceres es un emblema de África.

Acuñada 46 A.C.
Ceca: Movil legionaria durante sus campañas probablemente en Útica (Norte de África).

Referencias: Craw. 467/1a, Syd. #1023, BMCRR (África)#21, RSC I Caesar #4a P.106, Babelon II Iulia #16 P.14, Sear RCTV I #1403/1 P.268, Cohen I #4 P.8, Sear Imperators #57
mdelvalle
050_Iulia_Domna_(_170-217_A_D_),_AE-23,_Asklepiados,_Archon,_Lydia,_Bagis,_Hygeia_and_Asklepios_Q-001_h_22,5-23,5mm_5,69g-s.jpg
050p Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), Lydia, Bagis, Lindgen A716A., AE-23, Hygeia and Asklepios,68 views050p Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), Lydia, Bagis, Lindgen A716A., AE-23, Hygeia and Asklepios,
avers:- Draped bust right, ΙΟΥ ΔΟ ΜΝΑ CΕΒΑ,
revers:- ΕΠΙ ACKΛEΠIAΔOΥ ΑΡX A B /BAΓHNΩN, Hygeia, on left, standing right, holding serpent, facing Asklepios, on right, standing standing left, leaning on serpent-entwined staff.
exergo: -/-// HNΩN, diameter: 22,5-23,5 mm, weight: 5,69g, axis: 6h,
mint: Lydia, Bagis, date: A.D., ref: Lindgen A716A., BMC p. 37, 31 var. (legend), SNG KOP 27 49(1), Lindgren and Kovacs A716A (same dies),
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
050_Iulia_Domna_(170-217_A_D_),_Lydia,_Saitta,_AE-17,_IOY_#923;IA_CEBAC,_CAITTHNWN,_Leypold_I,_1163,_Lindgren_III_511_,_193-217AD,Q-001,_6h,_17,5mm,_2,71g-s.jpg
050p Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), Lydia, Saitta, AE-18, CAITTHNΩN, Tyche standing left,141 views050p Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), Lydia, Saitta, AE-18, CAITTHNΩN, Tyche standing left,
avers: IOYΛIA CEBAC, Draped bust right.
reverse: CAITTHNΩN, Tyche standing left, kalathos on head, holding rudder and cornucopiae.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 2,71g, axis: 6h,
mint: Lydia, Saitta, date: 193-217 A.D., ref: Leypold I, 1163, Lindgren III 511,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
050_Iulia_Domna,_AE-17,_HHG_8_17_05_2,_,_Draped_bust_r_,,_Cista_m__snake,_R3,_214-AD,_Q-001,_8h,_15,5-18,2mm,_2,57g-s~0.jpg
050p Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HrHJ (2012) 08.17.05.02., AE-17, Cista Mystica with a snake, #169 views050p Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HrHJ (2012) 08.17.05.02., AE-17, Cista Mystica with a snake, #1
avers: IOVΛ ΔO CEBACTH, Draped bust right.
reverse: NIKOΠOΛIT ΠPOC ICTP, Cista Mystica with an open lid, snake emerging left.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 15,5-18,2mm, weight: 2,57g, axis: 8h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, date: 170-217 A.D.,
ref: Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov HrHJ (2012) 08.17.05.02., P.B. 1482, H.M. 1043,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
050_Iulia-Domna_AE-17_IOV_-_O-CEBACTH_Drapedd-bust-r__NIKO_O_IT-_POC-ICTPON_Basket-with-fruits_HHG-8-17-52-2_R3_-214-AD_Q-001_1h_16,5mm_3,35g-s.jpg
050p Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HrHJ (2012) 08.17.52.02., AE-17, NIKOΠOΛIT ΠPOC ICTPON, Basket with fruits, #162 views050p Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HrHJ (2012) 08.17.52.02., AE-17, NIKOΠOΛIT ΠPOC ICTPON, Basket with fruits, #1
avers: IOVΛ ΔO CEBACTH, Draped bust right.
reverse: NIKOΠOΛIT ΠPOC ICTPON, Basket with fruits.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5mm, weight: 3,35g, axis: 1h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, date: 170-217 A.D.,
ref: Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov HrHJ (2012) 08.17.52.02.,
Q-001
quadrans
050_Iulia_Domna_(_170-217_A_D_),_AE-21_Nikopolis_IVLIA-DOMNA-CEB__NIKOPOLIT-PROC-ICTRO_Athena-Snake_HHJ-8_17_3_3var_p-154_P_B_-1465-66_H_M-1026_Q-001_7h_20,5mm_4,69g-s~0.jpg
050p Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HrHJ (2013) 08.17.04.04., AE-21, NIKOΠOΛIT ΠPOC ICTPO, Athena left, snake, #189 views050p Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HrHJ (2013) 08.17.04.04., AE-21, NIKOΠOΛIT ΠPOC ICTPO, Athena left, snake, #1
avers: IOVΛIA ΔOMNA CEB, Draped bust right.
reverse: NIKOΠOΛIT ΠPOC ICTPO, Athena left, snake.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 20,5mm, weight: 4,69g, axis: 7h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, date: 170-217 A.D.,
ref: Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov HrHJ (2013) 8.17.04.04., p-154,
Q-001
quadrans
050_Iulia_Domna_(170-217_A_D_),_AE-23,_Serdica,_CEP__N,_Nemesis,_AE_IOV_IA-_OMNA-dot-CEBA__CEP__N_Varb-x_Serdica_Q-001_h_23-24mm_7,45g-s.jpg
050p Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), Thrace, Serdica, AE-23, CEPΔΩN, Nemesis,62 views050p Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), Thrace, Serdica, AE-23, CEPΔΩN, Nemesis,
avers:- IOVΛIA-ΔOMNA-dot-CEBA, Dr. bust right.
revers:- CEP-ΔΩN, Nemesis (??) holding scale and cornucopiae, wheel at feet.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 23-24mm, weight: 7,45g, axis: 7h,
mint: Thrace, Serdica, date: 170-217 A.D., ref: ??? Not listed ? !?
Q-001
quadrans
050_Iulia_Domna_(170-217_A_D_),_AE-20,_Thrace,_Serdica,_Altar,_Varbanov_1986,_Hristova___Jekov_12_17_47_2,_Q-001,_2h,18-20mm,_3,46g-s.jpg
050p Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), Thrace, Serdica, Varbanov 1986, AE-20, CEPΔΩN, Serpent rising from altar,108 views050p Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), Thrace, Serdica, Varbanov 1986, AE-20, CEPΔΩN, Serpent rising from altar,
avers: IO ΔOM CEBAC, Draped bust right.
reverse: CEP ΔΩN, Serpent rising from altar, head right.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 18,0-20,0mm, weight: 3,46g, axis: 2h,
mint: Thrace, Serdica, date: 170-217 A.D., ref: Varbanov 1986., Hristova and Jekov 12.17.47.2,
Q-001
quadrans
Iulia-Paula_AR-Den_IVLIAPAVLA-AVG_CONCORDIA_star-on_left_RIC-IV-II-211-(Ellagabalus)-p-46_RSC-6a_Q-001_7h_17,5-18mm_2,38g-s.jpg
057 Iulia Paula ( 219-220 A.D.), RIC IV-II 211, Rome, AR-Denarius, CONCORDIA, Concordia seated left, Scarce! #165 views057 Iulia Paula ( 219-220 A.D.), RIC IV-II 211, Rome, AR-Denarius, CONCORDIA, Concordia seated left, Scarce! #1
avers: IVLIA PAVLA AVG, Draped bust right.
reverse: CONCORDIA, Concordia seated left, holding patera, star in left field.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5-18mm, weight: 2,38g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 219-220 A.D., ref: RIC IV-II 211 (Elagabalus), p-45_RSC-6a, Scarce!,
Q-001
quadrans
Iulia-Paula_AR-Den_IVLIA-PAVLA-AVG_CONCORDIA-AVG-G_RIC-IV-II-216-p-46_C-16a_Q-001_axis-0h_17,5-18,5mm_2,84g-s.jpg
057 Iulia Paula ( 219-220 A.D.), RIC IV-II 216, Rome, AR-Denarius, CONCORDIA AVG G, Concordia seated left, R!, #1281 views057 Iulia Paula ( 219-220 A.D.), RIC IV-II 216, Rome, AR-Denarius, CONCORDIA AVG G, Concordia seated left, R!, #1
avers: IVLIA PAVLA AVG, Draped bust right.
reverse: CONCORDIA AVG G, Concordia seated left, holding patera and two cornucopiae.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5-18,5mm, weight: 2,84g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 219-220 A.D., ref: RIC IV-II 216 (Elagabalus), p-46, C-16a, R !,
Q-001
quadrans
Iulia-Aquilia-Severa_AR-Den_IVLIA-AQVILIA-SEVERA-AVG_CONCORDIA_RIC-IV-II-226-p-47_C-2_R_Q-002_axis-0h_18-19mm_2,70g-s.jpg
058 Aquilia Severa ( ?-221 A.D.), RIC IV-II 226, Rome, AR-Denarius, CONCORDIA, Concordia standing left, R ! #2268 views058 Aquilia Severa ( ?-221 A.D.), RIC IV-II 226, Rome, AR-Denarius, CONCORDIA, Concordia standing left, R ! #2
avers:-IVLIA-AQVILIA-SEVERA-AVG, Draped bust right.
revers:-CONCORDIA, Concordia standing left, sacrificing out of patera over lighted altar and holding double cornucopiae; star in field to right up.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 2,70g, axis: 0 h,
mint: Rome, date: 221 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-226 (Elagabalus), p-47, C-2, R !,
Q-002
quadrans
Iulia-Aquilia-Severa_AR-Den_IVLIA-AQVILIA-SEVERA-AVG_CONCORDIA_RIC-IV-II-226-p-47_C-2_R_Q-001_axis-11h_19mm_3,18g-s.jpg
058 Aquilia Severa ( ?-221 A.D.), RIC IV-II 226, Rome, AR-Denarius, CONCORDIA, Concordia standing left, R! #1298 views058 Aquilia Severa ( ?-221 A.D.), RIC IV-II 226, Rome, AR-Denarius, CONCORDIA, Concordia standing left, R! #1
avers: IVLIA AQVILIA SEVERA AVG, Draped bust right.
reverse: CONCORDIA, Concordia standing left, sacrificing out of patera over lighted altar and holding double cornucopiae; star in the field to right down.
exergue: -/*//--, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,18g, axis: 11 h,
mint: Rome, date: 221 A.D., ref: RIC IV-II 226 (Elagabalus), p-47_C-2, R !,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Julia-Soaemias_IVLIA-SOAEMIAS-AVG_VENVS-CAE-L-ESTIS_RIC-IV-241_C-8-Elagabal_Star-right-Q-002_h_17,5-19mm_2,86g-s.jpg
060 Iulia Soaemias (?-222 A.D.), RIC IV-II 241, Rome, AR-Denarius, VENVS CAELESTIS, Venus standing left, #1114 views060 Iulia Soaemias (?-222 A.D.), RIC IV-II 241, Rome, AR-Denarius, VENVS CAELESTIS, Venus standing left, #1
Mother of Elagabalus.
avers: IVLIA SOAEMIAS AVG, Draped bust right,
reverse: VENVS CAELESTIS, Venus, diademed and standing left, holding apple and sceptre; in right field a star.
exergue: -/*//--, diameter: 17,5-19mm, weight: 2,86g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 218-222 A.D., ref: RIC IV-II 241, p-48, C-8,
Q-001
quadrans
Julia-Soaemias_IVLIA-SOAEMIAS-AVG_VENVS-CAE-L-ESTIS_RIC-IV-241_C--Elagabal_Star-left-Q-001_6h_17-19mm_2,58g-s.jpg
060 Iulia Soaemias (?-222 A.D.), RIC IV-II 241, Rome, AR-Denarius, VENVS CAELESTIS, Venus standing left, #1119 views060 Iulia Soaemias (?-222 A.D.), RIC IV-II 241, Rome, AR-Denarius, VENVS CAELESTIS, Venus standing left, #1
Mother of Elagabalus.
avers: IVLIA SOAEMIAS AVG, Draped bust right,
reverse: VENVS CAE L ESTIS, Venus, diademed and standing left, holding apple and sceptre; in left field a star.
exergue: */-//--, diameter: 17-19mm, weight: 2,58g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 218-222 A.D., ref: RIC IV-II 241, p-48, C-8,
Q-001
quadrans
Julia-Soaemias_IVLIA-SOAEMIAS-AVG_VENVS-CA-ELESTIS_RIC-243_C-14_Q-001_1h_18-19mm_2,80g-s.jpg
060 Iulia Soaemias (?-222 A.D.), RIC IV-II 355, Rome, AR-Denarius, VENVS CAELESTIS, Venus seated left, #172 views060 Iulia Soaemias (?-222 A.D.), RIC IV-II 355, Rome, AR-Denarius, VENVS CAELESTIS, Venus seated left, #1
Mother of Elagabalus.
avers: IVLIA SOAEMIAS AVG, Draped bust right.
reverse: VENVS CA ELESTIS, Venus seated left, holding patera (or apple?) and sceptre; at her feet a child reaching up to her.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 2,80g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 220 A.D., ref: RIC IV-II 243, p-, C-14,
Q-001
quadrans
Julia-Soaemias_IVLIA-SOAEMIAS-AVG_VENVS-CAELESTIS_RIC-243_C-14_Q-002_6h_18,5-19,5mm_2,34g-s.jpg
060 Iulia Soaemias (?-222 A.D.), RIC IV-II 355, Rome, AR-Denarius, VENVS CAELESTIS, Venus seated left, #2207 views060 Iulia Soaemias (?-222 A.D.), RIC IV-II 355, Rome, AR-Denarius, VENVS CAELESTIS, Venus seated left, #2
Mother of Elagabalus.
avers: IVLIA SOAEMIAS AVG, Draped bust right.
reverse: VENVS CA ELESTIS, Venus seated left, holding patera (or apple?) and sceptre; at her feet a child reaching up to her.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5-19,5mm, weight: 2,34g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 220 A.D., ref: RIC IV-II 243, p-, C-14,
Q-002
quadrans
Iulia-Maesa_AR-Den_IVLIA-MAESA-AVG_LAETITIA-PVBL_RIC-261(Elagab)_Q-001_7h_18,5-19mm_2,71g-s.jpg
061 Iulia Maesa ( ?-223 A.D.), RIC IV-II 261, Rome, AR-Denarius, LAETITIA PVBL, Pudicitia seated left, #190 views061 Iulia Maesa ( ?-223 A.D.), RIC IV-II 261, Rome, AR-Denarius, LAETITIA PVBL, Pudicitia seated left, #1
avers: IVLIA MAESA AVG, Draped bust right.
reverse: LAETITIA PVBL, Laetitia standing left, holding wreath in right hand and rudder on a globe in left hand behind.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5-19mm, weight: 2,71g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 218-222 A.D., ref: RIC IV-II 261 (Elagab), p-, ,
Q-001
quadrans
Iulia-Maesa_AR-Den_IVLIA-MAESA-AVG_PIETA-S-AVG_RIC-266_C-34a_Q-001_18-19mm_2_92g-s.jpg
061 Iulia Maesa ( ?-223 A.D.), RIC IV-II 266, Rome, AR-Denarius, PIETAS AVG, Pietas standing left, #184 views061 Iulia Maesa ( ?-223 A.D.), RIC IV-II 266, Rome, AR-Denarius, PIETAS AVG, Pietas standing left, #1
avers: IVLIA MAESA AVG, Draped bust right.
reverse: PIETA S AVG, Pietas standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding incense box.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 2,92g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 216-220 A.D., ref: RIC IV-II 266, p-50, RSC 34a, BMC 75, Sear (2000-2002) 7755,
Q-001
quadrans
Iulia-Maesa_AR-Den_IVLIA-MAESA-AVG_PIETAS-AVG_RIC-_RSC-_BMC-_Rome--AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
061 Iulia Maesa ( ?-223 A.D.), RIC IV-II 266, Rome, AR-Denarius, PIETAS AVG, Pietas standing left, #2117 views061 Iulia Maesa ( ?-223 A.D.), RIC IV-II 266, Rome, AR-Denarius, PIETAS AVG, Pietas standing left, #2
avers: IVLIA MAESA AVG, Draped bust right.
reverse: PIETA S AVG, Pietas standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding incense box.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5-19,0mm, weight: 2,38g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 216-220 A.D., ref: RIC IV-II 266, p-50, RSC 34a, BMC 75, Sear (2000-2002) 7755,
Q-002
1 commentsquadrans
Iulia-Maesa_AR-Den_IVLIA-MAESA-AVG_PVDICITIA_RIC-268_RSC-36_BMC-76_Rome-218-222-AD_Q-001_7h_18,5-19,5mm_2,80g-s.jpg
061 Iulia Maesa ( ?-223 A.D.), RIC IV-II 268, Rome, AR-Denarius, PVDICITIA, Pudicitia seated left, #1174 views061 Iulia Maesa ( ?-223 A.D.), RIC IV-II 268, Rome, AR-Denarius, PVDICITIA, Pudicitia seated left, #1
avers: IVLIA MAESA AVG, Draped bust right.
reverse: PVDICITIA, Pudicitia seated left, drawing out veil from the shoulder with right hand and holding sceptre in right.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 18,0-19,0mm, weight: 2,92g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 218-222 A.D., ref: RIC IV-II 268, p-50, RSC-36, BMC-76, Sear 7756,
Q-001
quadrans
061_Iulia_Maesa,_RIC_IV-II_268,_AR-Den,_IVLIA_MAESA_AVG,_PVDICITIA,_RSC-36,_BMC-76,_Rome,_218-222_AD,_Q-002,_6-7h,_18,0-19,5mm,_2,71g-s.jpg
061 Iulia Maesa ( ?-223 A.D.), RIC IV-II 268, Rome, AR-Denarius, PVDICITIA, Pudicitia seated left, #2133 views061 Iulia Maesa ( ?-223 A.D.), RIC IV-II 268, Rome, AR-Denarius, PVDICITIA, Pudicitia seated left, #2
avers: IVLIA MAESA AVG, Draped bust right.
reverse: PVDICITIA, Pudicitia seated left, drawing out veil from the shoulder with right hand and holding sceptre in right.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 18,0-19,5mm, weight: 2,71g, axis: 6-7h,
mint: Rome, date: 218-222 A.D., ref: RIC IV-II 268, p-50, RSC-36, BMC-76, Sear 7756,
Q-002
2 commentsquadrans
Iulia-Mamaea_AR-Den_IVLIA-MA-MAEA-AVG_FELICITAS-PVBLICA_RIC-335_C-17_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
064 Iulia Mamaea (190-235 A.D.), RIC IV-II 335, Rome, AR-Denarius, FELICITAS PVBLICA, Felicitas standing, head left, #1280 views064 Iulia Mamaea (190-235 A.D.), RIC IV-II 335, Rome, AR-Denarius, FELICITAS PVBLICA, Felicitas standing, head left, #1
avers: IVLIA-MA-MAEA-AVG, Diademed bust right, draped.
revers: FELICITAS-PVBLICA, Felicitas standing, head left, holding caduceus and resting arm on column.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 223 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-335, p-, C-17,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
064_Iulia-Mamaea,_RIC_IV-II_335,_AR-Den(Limes),_IVLIA_MA_MAEA_AVG,_FELICIT_AS_PVBLICA,_C-17_Rome_228-AD,_C-17,_Q-001,_0h,_18mm,_2,62g-s.jpg
064 Iulia Mamaea (190-235 A.D.), RIC IV-II 335v.(base metal!), Rome, "Limes" Denarius, AR-Denarius, FELICITAS PVBLICA, Felicitas standing left, #145 views064 Iulia Mamaea (190-235 A.D.), RIC IV-II 335v.(base metal!), Rome, "Limes" Denarius, AR-Denarius, FELICITAS PVBLICA, Felicitas standing left, #1
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Julian2VotXConstantinople.jpg
1409a, Julian II "the Philosopher," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.143 viewsJulian II, A.D. 360-363; RIC 167; VF; 2.7g, 20mm; Constantinople mint; Obverse: DN FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, helmeted & cuirassed bust right, holding spear & shield; Reverse: VOT X MVLT XX in four lines within wreath; CONSPB in exergue; Attractive green patina. Ex Nemesis.


De Imperatoribus Romanis,
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Julian the Apostate (360-363 A.D.)

Walter E. Roberts, Emory University
Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University

Introduction

The emperor Flavius Claudius Julianus reigned from 360 to 26 June 363, when he was killed fighting against the Persians. Despite his short rule, his emperorship was pivotal in the development of the history of the later Roman empire. This essay is not meant to be a comprehensive look at the various issues central to the reign of Julian and the history of the later empire. Rather, this short work is meant to be a brief history and introduction for the general reader. Julian was the last direct descendent of the Constantinian line to ascend to the purple, and it is one of history's great ironies that he was the last non-Christian emperor. As such, he has been vilified by most Christian sources, beginning with John Chrysostom and Gregory Nazianzus in the later fourth century. This tradition was picked up by the fifth century Eusebian continuators Sozomen, Socrates Scholasticus, and Theodoret and passed on to scholars down through the 20th century. Most contemporary sources, however, paint a much more balanced picture of Julian and his reign. The adoption of Christianity by emperors and society, while still a vital concern, was but one of several issues that concerned Julian.

It is fortunate that extensive writings from Julian himself exist, which help interpret his reign in the light of contemporary evidence. Still extant are some letters, several panegyrics, and a few satires. Other contemporary sources include the soldier Ammianus Marcellinus' history, correspondence between Julian and Libanius of Antioch, several panegyrics, laws from the Theodosian Code, inscriptions, and coinage. These sources show Julian's emphasis on restoration. He saw himself as the restorer of the traditional values of Roman society. Of course much of this was rhetoric, meant to defend Julian against charges that he was a usurper. At the same time this theme of restoration was central to all emperors of the fourth century. Julian thought that he was the one emperor who could regain what was viewed as the lost glory of the Roman empire. To achieve this goal he courted select groups of social elites to get across his message of restoration. This was the way that emperors functioned in the fourth century. By choosing whom to include in the sharing of power, they sought to shape society.

Early Life

Julian was born at Constantinople in 331. His father was Julius Constantius, half-brother of the emperor Constantine through Constantius Chlorus, and his mother was Basilina, Julius' second wife. Julian had two half-brothers via Julius' first marriage. One of these was Gallus, who played a major role in Julian's life. Julian appeared destined for a bright future via his father's connection to the Constantinian house. After many years of tense relations with his three half-brothers, Constantine seemed to have welcomed them into the fold of the imperial family. From 333 to 335, Constantine conferred a series of honors upon his three half-siblings, including appointing Julius Constantius as one of the consuls for 335. Julian's mother was equally distinguished. Ammianus related that she was from a noble family. This is supported by Libanius, who claimed that she was the daughter of Julius Julianus, a Praetorian Prefect under Licinius, who was such a model of administrative virtue that he was pardoned and honored by Constantine.

Despite the fact that his mother died shortly after giving birth to him, Julian experienced an idyllic early childhood. This ended when Constantius II conducted a purge of many of his relatives shortly after Constantine's death in 337, particularly targeting the families of Constantine's half-brothers. ulian and Gallus were spared, probably due to their young age. Julian was put under the care of Mardonius, a Scythian eunuch who had tutored his mother, in 339, and was raised in the Greek philosophical tradition, and probably lived in Nicomedia. Ammianus also supplied the fact that while in Nicomedia, Julian was cared for by the local bishop Eusebius, of whom the future emperor was a distant relation. Julian was educated by some of the most famous names in grammar and rhetoric in the Greek world at that time, including Nicocles and Hecebolius. In 344 Constantius II sent Julian and Gallus to Macellum in Cappadocia, where they remained for six years. In 351, Gallus was made Caesar by Constantius II and Julian was allowed to return to Nicomedia, where he studied under Aedesius, Eusebius, and Chrysanthius, all famed philosophers, and was exposed to the Neo-Platonism that would become such a prominent part of his life. But Julian was most proud of the time he spent studying under Maximus of Ephesus, a noted Neo-Platonic philospher and theurgist. It was Maximus who completed Julian's full-scale conversion to Neo-Platonism. Later, when he was Caesar, Julian told of how he put letters from this philosopher under his pillows so that he would continue to absorb wisdom while he slept, and while campaigning on the Rhine, he sent his speeches to Maximus for approval before letting others hear them. When Gallus was executed in 354 for treason by Constantius II, Julian was summoned to Italy and essentially kept under house arrest at Comum, near Milan, for seven months before Constantius' wife Eusebia convinced the emperor that Julian posed no threat. This allowed Julian to return to Greece and continue his life as a scholar where he studied under the Neo-Platonist Priscus. Julian's life of scholarly pursuit, however, ended abruptly when he was summoned to the imperial court and made Caesar by Constantius II on 6 November 355.

Julian as Caesar

Constantius II realized an essential truth of the empire that had been evident since the time of the Tetrarchy--the empire was too big to be ruled effectively by one man. Julian was pressed into service as Caesar, or subordinate emperor, because an imperial presence was needed in the west, in particular in the Gallic provinces. Julian, due to the emperor's earlier purges, was the only viable candidate of the imperial family left who could act as Caesar. Constantius enjoined Julian with the task of restoring order along the Rhine frontier. A few days after he was made Caesar, Julian was married to Constantius' sister Helena in order to cement the alliance between the two men. On 1 December 355, Julian journeyed north, and in Augusta Taurinorum he learned that Alamannic raiders had destroyed Colonia Agrippina. He then proceeded to Vienne where he spent the winter. At Vienne, he learned that Augustudunum was also under siege, but was being held by a veteran garrison. He made this his first priority, and arrived there on 24 June 356. When he had assured himself that the city was in no immediate danger, he journeyed to Augusta Treverorum via Autessioduram, and from there to Durocortorum where he rendezvoused with his army. Julian had the army stage a series of punitive strikes around the Dieuse region, and then he moved them towards the Argentoratum/Mongontiacum region when word of barbarian incursions reached him.

From there, Julian moved on to Colonia Agrippina, and negotiated a peace with the local barbarian leaders who had assaulted the city. He then wintered at Senonae. He spent the early part of the campaigning season of 357 fighting off besiegers at Senonae, and then conducting operations around Lugdunum and Tres Tabernae. Later that summer, he encountered his watershed moment as a military general. Ammianus went into great detail about Julian's victory over seven rogue Alamannic chieftains near Argentoratum, and Julian himself bragged about it in his later writing. After this battle, the soldiers acclaimed Julian Augustus, but he rejected this title. After mounting a series of follow-up raids into Alamannic territory, he retired to winter quarters at Lutetia, and on the way defeated some Frankish raiders in the Mosa region. Julian considered this campaign one of the major events of his time as Caesar.

Julian began his 358 military campaigns early, hoping to catch the barbarians by surprise. His first target was the Franks in the northern Rhine region. He then proceeded to restore some forts in the Mosa region, but his soldiers threatened to mutiny because they were on short rations and had not been paid their donative since Julian had become Caesar. After he soothed his soldiers, Julian spent the rest of the summer negotiating a peace with various Alamannic leaders in the mid and lower Rhine areas, and retired to winter quarters at Lutetia. In 359, he prepared once again to carry out a series of punitive expeditions against the Alamanni in the Rhine region who were still hostile to the Roman presence. In preparation, the Caesar repopulated seven previously destroyed cities and set them up as supply bases and staging areas. This was done with the help of the people with whom Julian had negotiated a peace the year before. Julian then had a detachment of lightly armed soldiers cross the Rhine near Mogontiacum and conduct a guerilla strike against several chieftains. As a result of these campaigns, Julian was able to negotiate a peace with all but a handful of the Alamannic leaders, and he retired to winter quarters at Lutetia.

Of course, Julian did more than act as a general during his time as Caesar. According to Ammianus, Julian was an able administrator who took steps to correct the injustices of Constantius' appointees. Ammianus related the story of how Julian prevented Florentius, the Praetorian Prefect of Gaul, from raising taxes, and also how Julian actually took over as governor for the province of Belgica Secunda. Hilary, bishop of Poitiers, supported Ammianus' basic assessment of Julian in this regard when he reported that Julian was an able representative of the emperor to the Gallic provincials. There is also epigraphic evidence to support Julian's popularity amongst the provincial elites. An inscription found near Beneventum in Apulia reads:
"To Flavius Claudius Julianus, most noble and sanctified Caesar, from the caring Tocius Maximus, vir clarissimus, for the care of the res publica from Beneventum".

Tocius Maximus, as a vir clarissimus, was at the highest point in the social spectrum and was a leader in his local community. This inscription shows that Julian was successful in establishing a positive image amongst provincial elites while he was Caesar.

Julian Augustus

In early 360, Constantius, driven by jealousy of Julian's success, stripped Julian of many troops and officers, ostensibly because the emperor needed them for his upcoming campaign against the Persians. One of the legions ordered east, the Petulantes, did not want to leave Gaul because the majority of the soldiers in the unit were from this region. As a result they mutinied and hailed Julian as Augustus at Lutetia. Julian refused this acclamation as he had done at Argentoratum earlier, but the soldiers would have none of his denial. They raised him on a shield and adorned him with a neck chain, which had formerly been the possession of the standard-bearer of the Petulantes and symbolized a royal diadem. Julian appeared reluctantly to acquiesce to their wishes, and promised a generous donative. The exact date of his acclamation is unknown, but most scholars put it in February or March. Julian himself supported Ammianus' picture of a jealous Constantius. In his Letter to the Athenians, a document constructed to answer charges that he was a usurper, Julian stated that from the start he, as Caesar, had been meant as a figurehead to the soldiers and provincials. The real power he claimed lay with the generals and officials already present in Gaul. In fact, according to Julian, the generals were charged with watching him as much as the enemy. His account of the actual acclamation closely followed what Ammianus told us, but he stressed even more his reluctance to take power. Julian claimed that he did so only after praying to Zeus for guidance.

Fearing the reaction of Constantius, Julian sent a letter to his fellow emperor justifying the events at Lutetia and trying to arrange a peaceful solution. This letter berated Constantius for forcing the troops in Gaul into an untenable situation. Ammianus stated that Julian's letter blamed Constantius' decision to transfer Gallic legions east as the reason for the soldiers' rebellion. Julian once again asserted that he was an unwilling participant who was only following the desire of the soldiers. In both of these basic accounts Ammianus and Julian are playing upon the theme of restoration. Implicit in their version of Julian's acclamation is the argument that Constantius was unfit to rule. The soldiers were the vehicle of the gods' will. The Letter to the Athenians is full of references to the fact that Julian was assuming the mantle of Augustus at the instigation of the gods. Ammianus summed up this position nicely when he related the story of how, when Julian was agonizing over whether to accept the soldiers' acclamation, he had a dream in which he was visited by the Genius (guardian spirit) of the Roman state. The Genius told Julian that it had often tried to bestow high honors upon Julian but had been rebuffed. Now, the Genius went on to say, was Julian's final chance to take the power that was rightfully his. If the Caesar refused this chance, the Genius would depart forever, and both Julian and the state would rue Julian's rejection. Julian himself wrote a letter to his friend Maximus of Ephesus in November of 361 detailing his thoughts on his proclamation. In this letter, Julian stated that the soldiers proclaimed him Augustus against his will. Julian, however, defended his accession, saying that the gods willed it and that he had treated his enemies with clemency and justice. He went on to say that he led the troops in propitiating the traditional deities, because the gods commanded him to return to the traditional rites, and would reward him if he fulfilled this duty.

During 360 an uneasy peace simmered between the two emperors. Julian spent the 360 campaigning season continuing his efforts to restore order along the Rhine, while Constantius continued operations against the Persians. Julian wintered in Vienne, and celebrated his Quinquennalia. It was at this time that his wife Helena died, and he sent her remains to Rome for a proper burial at his family villa on the Via Nomentana where the body of her sister was entombed. The uneasy peace held through the summer of 361, but Julian concentrated his military operations around harassing the Alamannic chieftain Vadomarius and his allies, who had concluded a peace treaty with Constantius some years earlier. By the end of the summer, Julian decided to put an end to the waiting and gathered his army to march east against Constantius. The empire teetered on the brink of another civil war. Constantius had spent the summer negotiating with the Persians and making preparations for possible military action against his cousin. When he was assured that the Persians would not attack, he summoned his army and sallied forth to meet Julian. As the armies drew inexorably closer to one another, the empire was saved from another bloody civil war when Constantius died unexpectedly of natural causes on 3 November near the town of Mopsucrenae in Cilicia, naming Julian -- the sources say-- as his legitimate successor.

Julian was in Dacia when he learned of his cousin's death. He made his way through Thrace and came to Constantinople on 11 December 361 where Julian honored the emperor with the funeral rites appropriate for a man of his station. Julian immediately set about putting his supporters in positions of power and trimming the imperial bureaucracy, which had become extremely overstaffed during Constantius' reign. Cooks and barbers had increased during the late emperor's reign and Julian expelled them from his court. Ammianus gave a mixed assessment of how the new emperor handled the followers of Constantius. Traditionally, emperors were supposed to show clemency to the supporters of a defeated enemy. Julian, however, gave some men over to death to appease the army. Ammianus used the case of Ursulus, Constantius' comes sacrum largitionum, to illustrate his point. Ursulus had actually tried to acquire money for the Gallic troops when Julian had first been appointed Caesar, but he had also made a disparaging remark about the ineffectiveness of the army after the battle of Amida. The soldiers remembered this, and when Julian became sole Augustus, they demanded Ursulus' head. Julian obliged, much to the disapproval of Ammianus. This seems to be a case of Julian courting the favor of the military leadership, and is indicative of a pattern in which Julian courted the goodwill of various societal elites to legitimize his position as emperor.

Another case in point is the officials who made up the imperial bureaucracy. Many of them were subjected to trial and punishment. To achieve this goal, during the last weeks of December 361 Julian assembled a military tribunal at Chalcedon, empanelling six judges to try the cases. The president of the tribunal was Salutius, just promoted to the rank of Praetorian Prefect; the five other members were Mamertinus, the orator, and four general officers: Jovinus, Agilo, Nevitta, and Arbetio. Relative to the proceedings of the tribunal, Ammianus noted that the judges, " . . . oversaw the cases more vehemently than was right or fair, with the exception of a few . . .." Ammianus' account of Julian's attempt at reform of the imperial bureaucracy is supported by legal evidence from the Theodosian Code. A series of laws sent to Mamertinus, Julian's appointee as Praetorian Prefect in Italy, Illyricum, and Africa, illustrate this point nicely. On 6 June 362, Mamertinus received a law that prohibited provincial governors from bypassing the Vicars when giving their reports to the Prefect. Traditionally, Vicars were given civil authority over a group of provinces, and were in theory meant to serve as a middle step between governors and Prefects. This law suggests that the Vicars were being left out, at least in Illyricum. Julian issued another edict to Mamertinus on 22 February 362 to stop abuse of the public post by governors. According to this law, only Mamertinus could issue post warrants, but the Vicars were given twelve blank warrants to be used as they saw fit, and each governor was given two. Continuing the trend of bureaucratic reform, Julian also imposed penalties on governors who purposefully delayed appeals in court cases they had heard. The emperor also established a new official to weigh solidi used in official government transactions to combat coin clipping.

For Julian, reigning in the abuses of imperial bureaucrats was one step in restoring the prestige of the office of emperor. Because he could not affect all elements of society personally, Julian, like other Neo-Flavian emperors, decided to concentrate on select groups of societal elites as intercessors between himself and the general populace. One of these groups was the imperial bureaucracy. Julian made it very clear that imperial officials were intercessors in a very real sense in a letter to Alypius, Vicar of Britain. In this letter, sent from Gaul sometime before 361, the emperor praises Alypius for his use of "mildness and moderation with courage and force" in his rule of the provincials. Such virtues were characteristic of the emperors, and it was good that Alypius is representing Julian in this way. Julian courted the army because it put him in power. Another group he sought to include in his rule was the traditional Senatorial aristocracy. One of his first appointments as consul was Claudius Mamertinus, a Gallic Senator and rhetorician. Mamertinus' speech in praise of Julian delivered at Constantinople in January of 362 is preserved. In this speech, Claudius presented his consular selection as inaugurating a new golden age and Julian as the restorer of the empire founded by Augustus. The image Mamertinus gave of his own consulate inaugurating a new golden age is not merely formulaic. The comparison of Julian to Augustus has very real, if implicit, relevance to Claudius' situation. Claudius emphasized the imperial period as the true age of renewal. Augustus ushered in a new era with his formation of a partnership between the emperor and the Senate based upon a series of honors and offices bestowed upon the Senate in return for their role as intercessor between emperor and populace. It was this system that Julian was restoring, and the consulate was one concrete example of this bond. To be chosen as a consul by the emperor, who himself had been divinely mandated, was a divine honor. In addition to being named consul, Mamertinus went on to hold several offices under Julian, including the Prefecture of Italy, Illyricum, and Africa. Similarly, inscriptional evidence illustrates a link between municipal elites and Julian during his time as Caesar, something which continued after he became emperor. One concrete example comes from the municipal senate of Aceruntia in Apulia, which established a monument on which Julian is styled as "Repairer of the World."

Julian seems to have given up actual Christian belief before his acclamation as emperor and was a practitioner of more traditional Greco-Roman religious beliefs, in particular, a follower of certain late antique Platonist philosophers who were especially adept at theurgy as was noted earlier. In fact Julian himself spoke of his conversion to Neo-Platonism in a letter to the Alexandrians written in 363. He stated that he had abandoned Christianity when he was twenty years old and been an adherent of the traditional Greco-Roman deities for the twelve years prior to writing this letter.

(For the complete text of this article see: http://www.roman-emperors.org/julian.htm)

Julian’s Persian Campaign

The exact goals Julian had for his ill-fated Persian campaign were never clear. The Sassanid Persians, and before them the Parthians, had been a traditional enemy from the time of the Late Republic, and indeed Constantius had been conducting a war against them before Julian's accession forced the former to forge an uneasy peace. Julian, however, had no concrete reason to reopen hostilities in the east. Socrates Scholasticus attributed Julian's motives to imitation of Alexander the Great, but perhaps the real reason lay in his need to gather the support of the army. Despite his acclamation by the Gallic legions, relations between Julian and the top military officers was uneasy at best. A war against the Persians would have brought prestige and power both to Julian and the army.

Julian set out on his fateful campaign on 5 March 363. Using his trademark strategy of striking quickly and where least expected, he moved his army through Heirapolis and from there speedily across the Euphrates and into the province of Mesopotamia, where he stopped at the town of Batnae. His plan was to eventually return through Armenia and winter in Tarsus. Once in Mesopotamia, Julian was faced with the decision of whether to travel south through the province of Babylonia or cross the Tigris into Assyria, and he eventually decided to move south through Babylonia and turn west into Assyria at a later date. By 27 March, he had the bulk of his army across the Euphrates, and had also arranged a flotilla to guard his supply line along the mighty river. He then left his generals Procopius and Sebastianus to help Arsacius, the king of Armenia and a Roman client, to guard the northern Tigris line. It was also during this time that he received the surrender of many prominent local leaders who had nominally supported the Persians. These men supplied Julian with money and troops for further military action against their former masters. Julian decided to turn south into Babylonia and proceeded along the Euphrates, coming to the fortress of Cercusium at the junction of the Abora and Euphrates Rivers around the first of April, and from there he took his army west to a region called Zaitha near the abandoned town of Dura where they visited the tomb of the emperor Gordian which was in the area. On April 7 he set out from there into the heart of Babylonia and towards Assyria.

Ammianus then stated that Julian and his army crossed into Assyria, which on the face of things appears very confusing. Julian still seems to be operating within the province of Babylonia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The confusion is alleviated when one realizes that,for Ammianus, the region of Assyria encompassed the provinces of Babylonia and Assyria. On their march, Julian's forces took the fortress of Anatha, received the surrender and support of several more local princes, and ravaged the countryside of Assyria between the rivers. As the army continued south, they came across the fortresses Thilutha and Achaiachala, but these places were too well defended and Julian decided to leave them alone. Further south were the cities Diacira and Ozogardana, which the Roman forces sacked and burned. Soon, Julian came to Pirisabora and a brief siege ensued, but the city fell and was also looted and destroyed. It was also at this time that the Roman army met its first systematic resistance from the Persians. As the Romans penetrated further south and west, the local inhabitants began to flood their route. Nevertheless, the Roman forces pressed on and came to Maiozamalcha, a sizable city not far from Ctesiphon. After a short siege, this city too fell to Julian. Inexorably, Julian's forces zeroed in on Ctesiphon, but as they drew closer, the Persian resistance grew fiercer, with guerilla raids whittling at Julian's men and supplies. A sizable force of the army was lost and the emperor himself was almost killed taking a fort a few miles from the target city.
Finally, the army approached Ctesiphon following a canal that linked the Tigris and Euphrates. It soon became apparent after a few preliminary skirmishes that a protracted siege would be necessary to take this important city. Many of his generals, however, thought that pursuing this course of action would be foolish. Julian reluctantly agreed, but became enraged by this failure and ordered his fleet to be burned as he decided to march through the province of Assyria. Julian had planned for his army to live off the land, but the Persians employed a scorched-earth policy. When it became apparent that his army would perish (because his supplies were beginning to dwindle) from starvation and the heat if he continued his campaign, and also in the face of superior numbers of the enemy, Julian ordered a retreat on 16 June. As the Roman army retreated, they were constantly harassed by guerilla strikes. It was during one of these raids that Julian got caught up in the fighting and took a spear to his abdomen. Mortally wounded he was carried to his tent, where, after conferring with some of his officers, he died. The date was 26 June 363.

Conclusion

Thus an ignominious end for a man came about who had hoped to restore the glory of the Roman empire during his reign as emperor. Due to his intense hatred of Christianity, the opinion of posterity has not been kind to Julian. The contemporary opinion, however, was overall positive. The evidence shows that Julian was a complex ruler with a definite agenda to use traditional social institutions in order to revive what he saw as a collapsing empire. In the final assessment, he was not so different from any of the other emperors of the fourth century. He was a man grasping desperately to hang on to a Greco-Roman conception of leadership that was undergoing a subtle yet profound change.
Copyright (C) 2002, Walter E. Roberts and Michael DiMaio, Jr. Used by permission.

In reality, Julian worked to promote culture and philosophy in any manifestation. He tried to reduce taxes and the public debts of municipalities; he augmented administrative decentralisation; he promoted a campaign of austerity to reduce public expenditure (setting himself as the example). He reformed the postal service and eliminated the powerful secret police.
by Federico Morando; JULIAN II, The Apostate, http://www.forumancientcoins.com/NumisWiki/view.asp?key=Julian%20II

Flavius Claudius Iulianus was born in 331 or maybe 332 A.D. in Constantinople. He ruled the Western Empire as Caesar from 355 to 360 and was hailed Augustus by his legions in Lutetia (Paris) in 360. Julian was a gifted administrator and military strategist. Famed as the last pagan emperor, his reinstatement of the pagan religion earned him the moniker "the Apostate." As evidenced by his brilliant writing, some of which has survived to the present day, the title "the Philosopher" may have been more appropriate. He died from wounds suffered during the Persian campaign of 363 A.D. Joseph Sermarini, FORVM.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.




2 commentsCleisthenes
AquiliaSevera_RIC225.jpg
220-222 AD - AQUILIA SEVERA AR denarius28 viewsobv: IVLIA AQVILIA SEVERA AVG (draped bust right)
rev: CONCORDIA (Concord standing half-left sacrificing over lighted altar, and holding double cornucopia, star in left field)
ref: RIC IVii 225 (Elagabalus) (S), RSC 2 (20fr.)
mint: Rome
2.71gms, 18mm
Very rare

Iulia Aquilia Severa was the second and fourth wife of Emperor Elagabalus. She was a Vestal Virgin and her marriage to Elagabalus in 220 was the cause of enormous controversy - traditionally, the punishment for breaking the thirty-year vow of celibacy was death. Elagabalus is believed to have had religious reasons for marrying Severa - he himself was a follower of the eastern sun god El-Gabal, and when marrying himself to Severa, he also conducted a symbolic marriage of his god to Vesta.
berserker
coin247.JPG
309. Gallienus33 viewsOne of the key characteristics of the Crisis of the Third Century was the inability of the Emperors to maintain their hold on the Imperium for any marked length of time. An exception to this rule was the reign of the Emperor Gallienus. The fact that Gallienus served as junior Emperor with his father, Valerian, from 253 to 260 may have had something to do with his successes. Father and son each wielded his authority over a smaller area, thus allowing for more flexible control and imperial presence. Another, more probable reason, lay in Gallienus's success in convincing Rome that he was the best man for the job. However, Gallienus had to handle many rebellions of the so-called "Gallienus usurpers".

In 260, Valerian was taken prisoner by Sapor, King of Persia while trying to negotiate a peace settlement. Although aware that his father had been taken alive (the only Emperor to have suffered this fate), Gallienus did not make public Valerian's death until a year later. His decision hinged on the fact that Romans believed that their fate rose and fell with the fate of the Emperor, which in turn depended upon his demonstrating the proper amount of piety (Latin pietas) to the gods and maintaining their favor. A defeated Emperor would surely have meant that the gods had forsaken Valerian and, by extension, Gallienus.

Gallienus's chief method of reinforcing his position is seen in the coinage produced during his reign (see Roman currency). The coinage provides clear evidence of a successful propaganda campaign. Gallienus took pains to make sure that he was regularly represented as victorious, merciful, and pious. The people who used these coins on a daily basis saw these messages and, with little evidence to the contrary, remained supportive of their Emperor.

There were, however, those who knew better. During Gallienus' reign, there was constant fighting on the western fringes of the Empire. As early as 258, Gallienus had lost control over a large part of Gaul, where another general, Postumus, had declared his own realm (typically known today as the Gallic Empire). As Gallienus' influence waned, another general came to the fore. In time-honored tradition, Claudius II Gothicus gained the loyalty of the army and succeeded Gallienus to the Imperium.

In the months leading up to his mysterious death in September of 268, Gallienus was ironically orchestrating the greatest achievements of his reign. An invasion of Goths into the province of Pannonia was leading to disaster and even threatening Rome, while at the same time, the Alamanni were raising havoc in the northern part of Italy. Gallienus halted the Allamanic progress by defeating them in battle in April of 268, then turned north and won several victories over the Goths. That fall, he turned on the Goths once again, and in September, either he or Claudius, his leading general, led the Roman army to victory (although the cavalry commander Aurelian was the real victor) at the Battle of Naissus.

At some time following this battle, Gallienus was murdered during the siege of usurper Aureolus in Mediolanum; many theories abound that Claudius and Aurelian conspired to have the emperor killed. Be that as it may, Claudius spared the lives of Gallienus' family — Gallienus' wife, Iulia Cornelia Salonina, had given him three sons: Valerianus (who died in 258), Saloninus (died in 260 after becoming co-emperor), and Egnatius Marinianus — and had the emperor deified.

Gallienus Antoninianus - Minerva
OBVERSE: GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, cuirassed bust right
REVERSE: MINERVA AVG, Minerva standing right with spear and shield.
23mm - 3.7 grams
ecoli
coin249.JPG
310. Quietus22 viewsTitus Fulvius Iunius Quietus (d. 261) was a Roman usurper.

Quietus was the son of Fulvius Macrianus and a noblewoman, probably named Iulia. He gained the imperial office with his brother Macrianus Minor after the death of emperor Valerian in 260. The support of his father and the influence of Ballista, praefect of the late emperor Valerian, proved instrumental in his promotion.

Quietus and Ballista stayed in the east, while his brother and father marched their army to Europe to seize control of the Roman empire. After the defeat of his brother and father in Thrace in 261, he fled to the city of Emesa, where he was killed by Odaenathus of Palmyra.

Quietus, 260-261 A.D. AR Antoninianus. Antioch. IMP C FVL QVIETVS P F AVG. Radiate & draped bust r. / AEQVITAS AVGG. Aequitas std. l. holding scales & cornucopiae. RIC 2.
ecoli
127_P_Hadrian__Rouvier_532.jpg
3855 PHOENICIA Berytus Hadrian 128-138 AD two legionary Aquilae 26 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3855; Rouvier 532; SNG Cop 101; BMC Phoenicia 99 (p. 66)

Obv. IMP CAES TRAI HADRIANVS AVG P P
Laureate and draped bust right.

Rev. COL / BER
Two legionary aquilae (eagles) flanking inscription in two lines, all within laurel wreath, pellet between eagles.

4.99 gr
20 mm
die axis 0o

Note.
Named for the daughter of Augustus, Colonia Iulia Augusta Felix Berytus was founded in 14 B.C. with veterans of the 5th and 8th legions. Herod the Great, Herod Agrippa I, and Herod Agrippa II built sumptuous monuments and sponsored gladiatorial combats at Berytos. After the siege of Jerusalem, Titus gave gladiatorial games at Berytos, in which the combatants were Jews.

ex.
FORVM
okidoki
helena.JPG
405a. Helena106 viewsFlavia Iulia Helena, also known as Saint Helena, Saint Helen, Helena Augusta, and Helena of Constantinople, (c.248 - c.329) was the first wife of Constantius Chlorus, and the mother of Emperor Constantine I. She is traditionally credited with finding the relics of the True Cross.

Many legends surround her. She was allegedly the daughter of an innkeeper. Her son Constantine renamed the city of Drepanum on the Gulf of Nicomedia as 'Helenopolis' in her honor, which led to later interpretions that Drepanum was her birthplace.

Constantius Chlorus divorced her (c.292) to marry the step-daughter of Maximian, Flavia Maximiana Theodora. Helena's son, Constantine, became emperor of the Roman Empire, and following his elevation she became a presence at the imperial court, and received the title Augusta.

She is considered by the Orthodox and Catholic churches as a saint, famed for her piety. Eusebius records the details of her pilgrimage to Palestine and other eastern provinces. She is traditionally credited (but not by Eusebius) with the finding of relics of the True Cross (q.v.), and finding the remains of the Three Wise Men, which currently reside in the Shrine of the Three Kings at Cologne Cathedral. Her feast day as a saint of the Orthodox Christian Church is celebrated with her son on May 21, the Feast of the Holy Great Sovereigns Constantine and Helen, Equal to the Apostles. Her feast day in the Roman Catholic Church falls on August 18.

At least 25 sacred wells currently exist in Britain that were dedicated to her. She is also the patron saint of Colchester.

Helena Follis. FL HELENA AVGVSTA, diademed and draped bust right / SECVRITAS REIPVBLICE, Securitas standing left, holding branch in right hand; PTR(crescent) in ex.
1 commentsecoli
coin514.JPG
501. Constantine I Heraclea VOTA35 viewsHeraclea

Heraclea (Greek ‘Ηράκλεια), an ancient city of Lucania, situated near the modern Policoro, 3 m. from the coast of the Gulf of Taranto, between the rivers Aciris (Agri) and Sinis (Sinni) about 13 m. S.S.W. of Metapontum. It was a Greek colony founded by the Tarentines and Thurians in 432 BC, the former being predominant. It was chosen as the meeting-place of the general assembly of the Italiot Greeks, which Alexander of Epirus, after his alienation from Tarentum, tried to transfer to Thurii. Here Pyrrhus, king of Epirus, defeated the consul Laevinus in 280 BC, after he had crossed the river Sinis (see Battle of Heraclea). In 278 BC, or possibly in 282 BC, probably in order to detach it from Tarentum, the Romans made a special treaty with Heraclea, on such favourable terms that in 89 B.C. the Roman citizenship given to the inhabitants by the Lex Plautia Papiria was only accepted after considerable hesitation. We hear that Heraclea surrendered under compulsion to Hannibal in 212 BC and that in the Social War the public records were destroyed by fire. Cicero in his defence of the poet Archias, an adopted citizen of Heraclea, speaks of it as a flourishing town. As a consequence of its having accepted Roman citizenship, it became a municipium; part of a copy of the Lex Iulia Municipalis of 46 BC (engraved on the back of two bronze tablets, on the front of which is a Greek inscription of the 3rd century BC defining the boundaries of lands belonging to various temples), which was found between Heraclea and Metapontum, is of the highest importance for our knowledge of that law. It was still a place of some importance under the empire; a branch road from Venusia joined the coast road here. The circumstances of its destruction and abandonment was unknown; the site is now marked by a few heaps of ruins. Its medieval representative was Anglona, once a bishopric, but now itself a heap of ruins, among which are those of an 11th-century church.

Constantine I (AD 307-337)
AE3 - Vot XXX, .SMHB (Eyes to God)
AE-3 (AD 327-329)
OB: Plain-diademed head, right, looking upwards
CONSTANTINVS AVG.
REV: Wreath with VOT. /
XXX inscribed within
D. N. CONSTANTINI MAX. AVG.
. SMHB in exergue
Heraclea mint
RIC, Vol. VII, #92
Rated “Scarce” in RIC
ecoli
17910811_10154754189164011_895183192_n-side.jpg
62 Julian II RIC 22523 viewsJulian II 360-363 AD. AE1 (Double Maiorina). Tessalonica Mint.362-363 AD. (29.30mm) Obv: D N FL CL IVLI-ANVS P F AVG, bearded, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right. Rev: SECVRITAS REIPVB, bull standing right, head facing, two stars above. palm branch TESB palm branch in ex.
RIC 225
Actual name: Flavius Claudius Iulianus Augustus
Wildwinds: Julian II, "The Apostate": Caesar 355-360 AD, Augustus 360-363 AD. The last true "pagan" emperor who revered the ancient gods until the day he died in 363 from a javelin wound fighting the Persians.
Paddy
As_medallion_BMC_541.jpg
As medallion BMC 541118 viewsObverse: IMPSEVALEXANDAVGIULIAMAMAEAAVG round edge
Busts face to face of Severus Alexander laureate (seen from the front), slightly bearded, draped (and cuirassed?) and Julia Mamaea draped wearing stephane, left hair in waves
MATAVG below busts
Reverse: (FELICITAS TEMPORVM)
Severus Alexander draped, holding globe and mappa, seated left on curule chair, being crowned with wreath by Victory draped, standing left, holding palm-branch; in front, Felicitas draped, standing front, head right, holding loing caduceus in right hand; background centre, female figure draped, standing front, head right, but this feature is lost because the coin has been holed.
BMC 541 (plate 19), RIC 661
Weight, 10.352g; Die axis, 12h
Ex Mabbott Collection (Schulman Galleries 1969, lot 4804)
2 commentsmix_val
G_307_Julia_Gordus_fac.jpg
Asia Minor, Lydia, Iulia Gordus, Tyche, Artemis Ephesia30 viewsLydia, Iulia Gordus
Pseudo-autonomous issue
2nd century
Obv.: ΙΟVΛΙΑ ΓΟΡΔΟС, Turreted and draped bust of Tyche right.
Rev.: IΟVΛ ΓΟΡΔΗΝΩΝ, Facing statue of Artemis Ephesia, with supports.
Ae, 2.73g, 17mm
Ref.: RPC III 1261, SNG Copenhagen 157.
2 commentsshanxi
Severus_Alexander_04.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Parium, Severus Alexander, Asclepios20 viewsSeverus Alexander
Mysia, Parium
Obv.: IMP CAEƧ L ƧEP ƧE ALEXANDER, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev.: DEO AEƧ VB (Deo Aesculapius subvenienti - to Aesculapius, the god who helps), Asclepius seated right, holding raised foreleg of bull standing left, C G H I P (Colonia Gemella Iulia Hadriana Pariana) in exergue.
Æ, 19mm, 5.27g
Ref.: SNG Cop - , BMC - , SNG BN - , SNG von Aulock -, ISEGRIM-, RPC VI temp 3871
2 commentsshanxi
Augustus_RIC_86a.jpg
Augustus - [RIC 86a, BMC 41, CBN 1132, Cohen 19]86 viewsSilver denarius, 3.13g, 18.44mm, 90 degree, Colonia Patricia mint, 19 B.C.

Obv. - CAESAR AVGVSTVS, bare head right

Rev. - SIGNIS RECEPTIS, Aquila on left and standard on right flanking S P Q R arranged around shield inscribed CL V

A superb piece with a particularly beautiful portrait and an attractive tone.

This famous and historically important denarius of Augustus commemorates the reconquest of the legionary eagles from the Parthians. These signa where lost, when Crassus was defeated at the battle of Carrhae and their return back to Rome was one of the greatest diplomatic successes Augustus had.

The CL V on the reverse of this issue represents the clipeus virtutis, which was - according to the Res Gestae Divi Augusti, the funerary inscription giving the achievements of Augustus - a golden shield displayed in the Curia Iulia that was given to Augustus by the Senate and the Roman people (Senatus PopulusQue Romanus) in commemoration of his virtue, piety, justice and clemency. Even though it seems to be obvious that Augustus must have been awarded the shield right after he achieved absolute power and declared the restoration of the Republic, Sydenham suggests "that there is no decisive evidence as to the exact date at which the golden shield was conferred, but the coins on which it is represented are of later date than the year BC 27". When, in 19 BC, the Parthians returned the standards they had captured from Crassus in 53, there would have been an excellent opportunity to once again recall Augustus' pietas, one of the virtues recorded on the clipeus.
___________

Purchased from VCoins seller Ancient Artifacts & Treasures, Inc. at the 2013 BRNA Dalton, GA coin show

Sold 25Apr2015 to Lucas Harsh Collection
2 commentsrenegade3220
Augusto_Iulia_Trad.JPG
Augustus AE24 of Ivlia Tradvcta (Algeciras, Spain)24 viewsAugustus AE24 of Julia Traducta, Spain.

Obv. PERM CAES AVG, bare head left
Rev. IVLIA TRAD in two lines within wreath.
Cohen 151

Weight: 12g
Diameter: 23mm
Sergio Orata
Augusto_Iulia_Trad.JPG
Augustus Provincial AE As, Iulia Traducta2 viewsAugustus (27 BC – 14 AD)

AE As, Iulia Traducta (Algeciras Spain)

Obv. PERM. CAES. AVG. Bare bust left.
Rev. IVLIA TRAD. Inside wreath.
RPC 99, Cohen 151.

Weight: 12g.
Diameter: 23mm.
Jose Polanco
Augustus_RPC_I_99.jpg
Augustus, AE Semis, RPC I 995 viewsAugustus
27 B.C. – 14 A.D.

Coin: AE Semis

Obverse: PERM CAES - AVG, Bare headed bust facing left.
Reverse: IVLIA TRAD, in two lines within a Civic Crown.

Weight: 9.27 g, Diameter: 23.2 x 22.4 x 2.9 mm, Die axis: 230°, Mint: Julia Traducta, Spain, struck between 12-10 B.C. Reference: RPC I 99

According to Strabo, between 33 - 25 BCE, the name "Iulia Traducta" ("transferred Iulia"), refered to the fact that part of the population had been moved from the city of Iulia Constantia Zilitanorum in North Africa.
Masis
Byzantine_Seal.jpg
Byzantine Lead Seal117 viewsAttributed to Anasias or Iulianos. Pending more informationSpongeBob
Caracalla_Iulia_Domna_Makrianopolis_Varbanov_1049.jpg
Caracalla Markianopolis32 viewsAE 29 (13,28g)
obv. ΑΝΤΩΝΙΝOC ΑVΓOVCΤΟC ΙΟVΑ[ΙΑ ΔΟM]NA
Laureate bust of Caracalla right facing draped bust of Julia Domna left
rev. VΠ ΚVΝΤΙΛΙΑΝΟV ΜΑΡΚΙΑΝΟΠΟΛΙΤΩΝ
Tetrastyle temple with horned roof containing statue of Serapis standing left with right hand raised. Pellet in pediment. E in left field
Varbanov 1049
HG
corinth_marcus_aurelius_SNGcop329.jpg
Corinthia, Corinth, Marcus Aurelius, SNG Cop. 32980 viewsMarcus Aurelius, AD 161-180
AE 25, 11.25g
obv. M AVR AN[TONI] - NVS A[VG]
bust, laureate, r.
rev. CLI - COR
The young Melikertes laying on a dolphin, swimming r., behind a pine-tree(?)
SNG Copenhagen 329; Lindgren 1619; BCD 700; Edwards 150, pl.IV
rare, good F-about VF, green-brown patina
added to www.wildwinds.com

Corinth at this time was a Roman colony, therefore the Latin inscriptions.
The revers legend CLI - COR is solved to COLONIA LAUS IULIA CORINTHUS.

For more information look at the thread 'Coins of mythological interest'
3 commentsJochen
iulius_caesar_Cr480_13.jpg
G. Iulius Caesar, Crawford 480/1358 viewsGaius Iulius Caesar, 13.6.100-15.3.41 BC, gens Iulia
AR - Denar, 3.83g, 19.7mm, 90°
Rome, Feb.-Mar. 44 BC
moneyer P. Sepullius Macer
obv. Head of Caesar, wreathed and veiled, r.
before CAESAR, behind DICT PERPETVO
rev. r. P SERPVLLVS, l. MACER (both from top to bottom)
Venus Victrix with bare l. breast, stg. l., holding small Victory in xxtended r. hand and resting with raised l. hand on lpng sceptre on which is leaning the shield set on ground
ref. Crawford 480/13; Sydenham 1074; RSC Julius Caesar 39; BMCRR I Rome 4173; SRCV I 1414; Vagi 56; Sear CRI 107d
VF, portrait!, toned, scratches, somewhat excentric
From Forum Ancient Coins, thanks!

From highest historical importance: The 1st portrait of Iulius Caesar and the coin that killed Caesar!

Please, take a look at http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=109646.0
5 commentsJochen
Julius_Caesar.jpg
Gaius Julius Caesar205 viewsFebruary-March 44 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.90 g, 5h). Rome mint. P. Sepullius Macer, moneyer. Laureate and veiled head right / Venus standing left, holding Victory and scepter; shield at base of scepter. Crawford 480/13; CRI 107d; Sydenham 1074; RSC 39. From the Jörg Müller Collection.

Alföldi arranges Crawford 480 series coins in (44 BC) month order as follows:

RRC 480/1, Buca - January
RRC 480/2, DICT QVART - early February
RRC 480/3/4/5, CAESAR IMP - late February
RRC 480/6/7/8/9/10/11/12/13/14, DICT PERPETVO - early to mid March
RRC 480/17/18, CAESAR IMPER - late March
RRC 480/19/20, PARENS PATRIAE - April
RRC 480/15/16, MARIDIANVS - April
RRC 480/21/22, CLEMENTIAE CAESARIS and Mark Antony - April

"Iconography, historical meaning:

The rev. can be understand easily: The Iulians ascribed their gens back to Aeneas who was the son of Venus (Aphrodite) and Anchises.Venus was the tutelary goddess of the gens Iulia and hence of Caesar. 46 BC Caesar has consecrated together with his new built forum also the temple of Venus Genetrix, the ancestress of his gens. On this denarius with Victory, spear and shield it is rather Venus Victrix.

The portrait on obv. is imposing by its realistic depiction. It was for the first time that a living ruler was pictured on a Roman coin. This too raised suspicion that Caesar - even if he wasn't acclaimed king - would behave as such.

Caesar's portrait attracts attention by the wreath he is wearing. It protrudes notable wide beyond his forehead. Furthermore it is padded and very ragged. This characteristic received too little attention until now. There is every indication that it is not a usual wreath but a corona graminea, a Grass or Blockade crown. This crown was dedicated by the army to that commander who has freed them from an encirclement and saved them from certain death. The crown was composed from flowers and tuft of grass which was plucked at the location of their liberation. This crown was regarded as the highest of all crowns! Pliny (nat. 22, 6) has known only of 8 persons with this honour:
1. Lucius Siccius Dentatus, tribunus plebis 454 BC
2. Publius Decius Mus, 343 BC, 1st Samnite War, dedicated even by 2 armies!
3. Marcus Calpurnius Flamma, 258 BC, at Carmina on Sicily
4. Quintus Fabius Maximus, after the departure of the Carthaginians from Italy, 203 BC
(dedicated by the Senate and the people of Rome, possibly posthumous)
5. Scipio Aemilianus Africanus
6. Gnaeus Petreius Atinas, centurio during the war against the Cimbri
7. Lucius Cornelius Sulla, during the Allied War at Nola 89 BC
8. Quintus Sertorius, 97 BC aa military tribune in Spain under Titu Ddius.
To Caesar and Augustus the crown was dedicated by the Senate!

The veil Caesar is wearing as Pontifex Maximus for lifetime.

DICTATOR PERPETVVS

During Republican times a dictator was designated when the state was in an emergency situation. His position was always temporally limited, yes, sometimes designated only for a single task. In the beginning Caesar too was dictator limited to 1 year and had to be designated again for the next year. Already 46 BC Caesar has been nominated dictator for 10 years but the title had to be renewed each year. So we know of coins with DICT, DICT ITER (= again, for the second time), IC TER (for the third time) and DICT QVART.

Since the proclamation as king has failed the title dictator disappeared from the denarii and were replaced by IMP. But soon behind Caesar's head appeares a star, a crescent, or Victory's spear stands on a star. These celestial signs - and that was understod by all - stand for divinity and should raise Caesar high above all Romans. Incompatible with the idea of a republican constituted Rome.

The point of culmination in this series is the legend DICT PERPETVO of this coin. Now the title of dictator was no more temporally limited but was valid like his office as Pontifex Maximus for all his life and it no more was necessary to confirm the title each year. That actually was a spectacular violation of the Roman constitution! The fact that he appeared at the Lupercalia on February 15. 44 BC in the ancient robe of kings strengthened the suspicion that he was looking for the kingship. In fact he has publicly
refused the royal crown that was offered to him by Marcus Antonius, but his authority to exert power was equal a king even without bearing the title of king. That was the most hateful title of the Roman Republic.

Now he has passed a line that his republican enimies couldn't tolerate any more if they still wanted to be taken seriously. So this coin actually led to his murder by the conspirators. So "The coin that kills Caesar" is by no means an exaggeration.

The planned Parthian War:

Caesar has planned a war against the Parthians. In March 44 BC he wanted to start for a campaign to the east. His assassination inhibited this intention. In science disputed are the goals which Caesar has had in mind with his war. They are reaching from a boundary adjustment, as Mommsen suggested, to world domination like Alexander the Great, as Plutarch is writing: According to him Caesar after the submission of the Parthians would go across Hyrcania at the Caspian Sea, then round the Black Sea via the Caucasus, invade the land of the Scyths, attack Germania and would finally return to Italy through the land of the Celts. In this way he would have conquered the world known to the Ancients and his limits were only the shores of the surrounding Okeanos.

Probably Sueton who was sitting directly at the sources was more realistic. And we know of the campaigns of Marcus Antonius and Augustus who surely have known Caesar's plans and have used them for their own purposes. It's clear that Caesar doesn't want to repeat the errors of Crassus who perished at Carrhae, and has tried to avoid he Parthian cavalry units. Therefore a route through Lesser Armenia is most probable. And there was hope that the Mesopotamian cities would raise against the Parthians. Caesar had gathered an army of 16(!) legions, a huge power that alone by its mere bigness would ensure the victory. Caesar was no gambler, rather a cautious and prudential commander.The famous "veni, vidi, vici" doesn't exist longer. What he actually had in mind we don't know. It's speculative. But there is every indication that it was a reorganisation of the east. And that rather by establishing client-kingdoms than creating new Roman provinces.

Probably the conspirators were afraid of Caesar's Parthian War, because a victory, which was possible or even probable, would have strengthen Caesar's position and has made him practically invulnerable." - Jochen
4 commentsNemonater
1tituriatarpeia.jpg
Gens Tituria, denario (89 a.C.), R/ Tarpeia9 viewsL. Titurius L.f. Sabinus, silver denarius, Rome mint
AR, 18.6 mm, 3.8 gr, qBB
D/ SABIN, testa di Tatius a destra, fronda di palma in basso a destra, A.PV (argentum publicum) nel campo a dx
R/ Tarpeia sepolta fino alla vita negli scudi cerca di respingere soldati che la colpiscono con gli scudi. Stella e mezzaluna in alto. TITVRI in ex
Crawford 344/2c, Sydenham 699a, RSC I Tituria 5, BMCRR I Rome 2326, SRCV I 252
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo (Roma, Italia, dal 16 gennaio 2016, numero catalogo 245); ex collezione Giuliano Sidoli (Reggio Emilia, Italia, dal 4 ottobre 2014 al 16 gennaio 2016); ex Thomas Laufer collection, Raetia Numismatik (Welden, Germania, fino all'ottobre 2014)
paolo
Plotina_Gordus_Julia_Lydien.JPG
Gordus Iulia, Lydia5 viewsAe. Poplius, magistrate
Obv: ΠΛωTЄINA CЄBACTH
Draped bust right
Rev: ЄΠI ΠOΠΛIOY ΓOPΔHNω
Zeus seated left on chair, holding patera and sceptre.

SNG München 189; BMC 18
2.89g, 16mm
klausklage
IulDomna-Antoninian-Venusgenetrix-RIC[Cara]388a.jpg
I/a - IULIA DOMNA -b-001 Antoninian RIC IV [Carac] /I/388a16 viewsAv) IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG
Diademed and draped bust right on a crescent

Rv) VENVS GENETRIX
Venus seated left, extending right hand & holding sceptre in left

Weight:4,5g, Ø: 22mm; Reference.: RIC IV[Carac]/I/388a; ROME mint,
struck under Caracalla
sulcipius
IulDomna-Drachme-CAESAREA-Tychestlinks.jpg
I/a - IULIA DOMNA -d-001 Drachma CAPPADOCIA // CAESAREA21 viewsAv) IOYΛIA ΔOMNA CE
Draped bust right
Rv) MHTPOΠO KAICAPIA
Exergue: Є. T. Є.
Tyche standing left holding rudder and cornucopiae

Weight: 3,01g; Ø: 18mm;Reference: Varbanov 2508 quotes Jurukova 231

sulcipius
Curia_Iulia_front.jpg
Italy, Rome, Curia Iulia, Forum Romanum123 viewsCuria Julia (Latin: Curia Iulia, Italian: Curia Iulia) is the third named Curia, or Senate House, in the ancient city of Rome. It was built in 44 BC when Julius Caesar replaced Faustus Cornelius Sulla’s reconstructed Curia Cornelia, which itself had replaced the Curia Hostilia. Caesar did this in order to redesign both spaces within the Comitium and Forum Romanum. The alterations within the Comitium reduced the prominence of the senate and cleared the original space. The work, however, was interrupted by Caesar's assassination at the Theatre of Pompey where the Senate had been meeting temporarily while the work was completed. The project was eventually finished by Caesar’s successor Augustus in 29 BC. The Curia Julia is one of only a handful of Roman structures to survive to the modern day mostly intact, due to its conversion into the basilica of Sant'Adriano al Foro in the 7th century and several later restorations. However the roof, together with the upper elevations of the side walls and rear façade, are modern. These parts date from the remodeling of the deconsecrated church in the 1930s.Joe Sermarini
E202.jpg
Iulia Domna23 viewsIVLIA AVGVSTA
PIETAS AVGG
mint: Roma
204 AD
1 commentsfrederic
Iulia_Domna_(193-217)_denarius_(AR).jpg
Iulia Domna (193-217) denarius (AR)92 viewsObv.: IVLIA AVGVSTA (Draped bust of empress) Rev.: MATER DEVM (Kybele wearing the Mural crown, seated between two lions, holding branch and sceptre) Weight: 3,15 g Diameter: 19 mm RIC 5645 commentsNick.vdw
Iulia_Domna_(193-217)_denarius_(AR).png
Iulia Domna (193-217) denarius (AR)15 viewsObv.: IVLIA AVGVSTA (Draped bust of empress) Rev.: MATER DEVM (Kybele wearing the Mural crown, seated between two lions, holding branch and sceptre) Diameter: 19 mm Weight: 3,15 g RIC 564

According to Cassius Dio, when Domna was jesting with the wife of a Caledonian chieftain about the licentiousness of British women, the wife replied: "We fulfil the demands of nature in a much better way than do you Roman women; for we consort openly with the best men, whereas you let yourselves be debauched in secret by the vilest."
Nick.vdw
Julia_Domna_3_Graces_Markianopolis.jpg
Iulia Domna Marcianopolis21 viewsAE 23 (7.85g)
rev. IOVLIA D - OMNA CEB
draped bust right
obv. M - AR - KIAN - OPOL - I - TWNhe
Three Graces sanding front arm in arm, the left and the middle facing each other, the right head l., the left and right each holding kantharos
HG
1domna_unito.jpg
Iulia Domna, denario, R/VENERI VICTR (194 d.C.)33 viewsIulia Domna, denario
AR, 3,6 gr., 18 mm, BB
D/ IVLIA DOMNA AVG, busto drappeggiato a dx
R/ VENERI VICTR, Venere in piedi a dx, nuda fino alla vita, poggiata su colonna a sx, con palma e mela
RIC 536, RSC 194, BMC 49
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (6 giugno 2007, numero catalogo 114); ex collezione Antonio Ragonesi (Numismaticasicula, Roma Italia, fino al 2007).
paolo
Iulia_Maesa_RIC_268.jpg
Iulia Maesa RIC 26828 viewsSilver Denarius ( 20mm - 2.49g)
obv. IVLIA MAESA AVG
diademed and draped bust right
rev. PVDICITIA
Pudicitia seated left, drawing out veil from shoulder with right hand and holding
sceptre in right
RIC 268
Rome
HolgerG
Iulia-Maesa_AR-Den_IVLIA-MAESA-AVG_PIETA-S-AVG_RIC-266_C-34a_Q-001_18-19mm_2_92g-s~0.jpg
Iulia Maesa, AR-Denarius, PIETAS AVG142 viewsIulia Maesa, AR-Denarius,
avers:-IVLIA-MAESA-AVG,
revers:-PIETA-S-AVG,
diameter: 18-19mm
weight: 2,92g
mint:
date:
ref: RIC-266, C-34a
Q-001
quadrans
19.jpg
Iulia Maesa, denario (225 d.C. circa)43 viewsGiulia Maesa (nonna di Eliogabalo e Severo Alessandro, morta nel 225).
Ar, denario. 2.8 gr. 19 mm, BB
D/ IVLIA MAESA AVG, busto drappeggiato a destra.
R/ PVDICITIA, Pudicitia seduta a sinistra, velata e reggente uno scettro.
RSC 36
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (10 giugno 2007, numero catalogo 115); ex collezione Julia N. Nicol (Saint Petersburg FL Usa, fino al 2007).
paolo
IuliaMamaea_Den_RIC_343.jpg
Iulia Mamaea - denarius RIC 34321 viewsIulia Mamaea. Silver denarius, minted in Rome, early 222 AD, 2.51g; obverse: IVLIA MAMAEA AVG, draped bust right; reverse: IVNO CONSERVATRIX, Juno standing left, holding patera & scepter, peacock at feet left. RIC 343.Bartosz A
Iulia-Mamaea_AR-Den_IVLIA-MAMAEA-AVG_IVNO-CONSERVATRIX_RIC-343_C-35_Q-001_18mm_3_02g-s~0.jpg
Iulia Mamaea, AR-Denarius, IVNO CONSERVATRIX, 147 viewsIulia Mamaea, AR-Denarius,
avers:- IVLIA-MAMAEA-AVG,
revers:- IVNO-CONSERVATRIX,
diameter: 18mm
weight: 3,02g
mint:
date:
ref: RIC-343, C-35,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Iulia-Mamaea_AR-Den_IVLIA-MA-MAEA-AVG_VENVS-GE-N-ETRIX_RIC-355_C-72_Q-001_19-20mm_2_94g-s~0.jpg
Iulia Mamaea, AR-Denarius, VENVS GENETRIX, 201 viewsIulia Mamaea, AR-Denarius,
avers:-IVLIA-MA-MAEA-AVG,
revers:-VENVS-GE-N-ETRIX,
diameter: 19-20mm
weight: 2,94g
mint:
date:
ref: RIC-355, C-72,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
47.jpg
IULIA Mamaea, asse (228 d.C.)54 viewsGiulia Mamea (Iulia Avita Mamaea). Asse, zecca di Roma (228)
AE, gr 12,8; mm. 25,0; 0°. B+
D/ IVLIA MAMAEA AVGVSTA, busto diademato e drappeggiato a dx
R/ FELICITAS PVBLICA, SC nel campo. Felicitas stante con le gambe incrociate e caduceo nella mano dx. Gomito sinistro appoggiato a una colonnina
RIC 677, Cohen 22, BMC 495
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (14 maggio 2008, numero catalogo 68a); ex collezione A. B. (Venezia, Italia, fino al 2008).
paolo
Giulia_unita.jpg
Iulia Mamaea, denario, R/ IVNO CONSERVATRIX27 viewsIulia Mamaea (222-235 AD), madre di Severo Alessandro. Denario, zecca di Roma, (222 d.C.)
AR, 3,09 gr., 20 mm. BB
D/ IVLIA MAMAEA AVG. busto drappeggiato a dx
R/ IVNO CONSERVATRIX, Iuno stante a sx con patera e scettro, ai suoi piedi un pavone
RIC 343, Cohen 35, BMC 43
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (30 giugno 2007, numero catalogo 117); ex collezione Marco Piga (Cagliari Italia, fino al 2007).
paolo
20.jpg
Iulia Soemia, denario ( 222 d.C. circa)40 viewsIulia Soemia (madre di Eliogabalo, morta nel 222), denario
AR, 2,8 gr, 19 mm, BB
D/ IVLIA SOAEMAIS AVG, Soemia drappeggiata a dx
R/ VENVS CAELESTIS,Venus seduta con bambino ai piedi.
Sear 2171, C. 14
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (14 giugno 2007, numero catalogo 116); ex Artemide aste (San Marino, numero catalogo 2299, fino al 2007).
paolo
Julian_Obv.JPG
Juilian II Obv16 viewsJulian II; AD 360-363
AE 3; 20mm/2.4g
OBV: DN FL CL IULIANUVS AVG; Helmeted, pearl diademed and cuirassed bust L, holding spear and shield
REV: VOT X MVLT XX; Laurel wreath surrounding lettering; palm branch- TES- palm branch; star in wreath at bottom
(Sear 4074, RIC 227 )
Philip G
JuliaDomna1.jpg
Julia Domna31 viewsfr: IULIA AUGUSTA
re:FELICITAS
pax
IuliaDomna_Den_RIC_564.jpg
Julia Domna - denarius RIC 56418 viewsJulia Domna. AR Denarius, Rome mint; 3.22g; obv. IVLIA AVGVSTA, draped bust right; rev. MATER DEVM, Cybele, towered, enthroned left between two lions, leaning on drum and holding branch & scepter. RIC 564; RSC 123.Bartosz A
J9.jpg
Julia Domna - Diana Lucifera131 viewsDenarius 196
O/ IULIA - AUGUSTA Draped bust right
R/ DIANA - LU-CIFERA Diana, crescent on shoulder, standing half-left, holding long torch in both hands
C 27 - RIC S638
Mint: Laodicea
1 commentsseptimus
J5.JPG
Julia Domna - Isis and Horus91 viewsDenarius 201
O/ IULIA - AUGUSTA Draped bust right
R/ SAECULI - FELICITAS Isis, wearing polos on head, standing right, left foot on prow, she holds Horus; behind, rudder which rests against altar
C174 - RIC S577
Mint: Rome (6th off., 11th emission)
septimus
J2.JPG
Julia Domna - Juno52 viewsDenarius 209
O/ IULIA - AUGUSTA Draped bust right
R/ IU-NO Juno standing half-left, holding patera and sceptre; in front, peacock standing left, head turned back
C 82 - RIC 559
Mint: Rome (6th off., 29th emission)
In 209, Septimius and his two sons leave Rome for the campaign of Britain and let the regency to the empress Julia. She will never see her husband alive.
septimus
j1.jpg
Julia Domna - Pudicitia53 viewsDenarius 211
O/ IULIA - AUGUSTA Draped bust right
R/ PUDIC-ITIA Pudicitia veiled, seated left, head front, right hand on breast and left hand holds sceptre
C 170 - RIC 575
Mint: Rome (7th off., 4th emission)
septimus
Iulia_Domna_RIC.jpg
Julia Domna - Sestertius - RIC 8429 viewsObv: IVLIA DOMNA AVG, draped bust right, hair waved and coiled at back
Rev: VENERI VICT S-C, Venus leaning on column, nude to below waist, seen from behind standing right, holding palm branch & globe
Size: 25 mm
Weight: 23,6 g
Ref: RIC IV 842 (Septimius Severus), Cohen 195, BMC 488
Rarity: R
vs1969
j3.jpg
Julia Domna - Venus Felix104 viewsDenarius 199
O/ IULIA - AUGUSTA Draped bust right
R/ VENUS - FELIX Venus standing half-left, holding apple with right hand and left hand draws out fold of drapery
C 198 - RIC 580
Mint: Rome (6th off., 4th emission)
septimus
DOMNA-3.jpg
Julia Domna -Moushmov 1050 Nikopolis 12 viewsObv: IULIA DOMNA CEBACTH
draped bust right
Rev: NIKOPOLITWN PPOC IC
eagle standing facing on thunderbolt,
wings open, head right with wreath in its beak.
20mm 4.5gm
OWL365
jd1.jpg
Julia Domna 193-211 denarius31 viewsOb. IULIA AVGVSTA Draped bust right
Rev. HILARITAS Hilaritas standing left, holding long palm and scepter
Ref. RIC 555, RSC 76, BMC 32
Rome Mint

IULIA AVGVSTA Julia is your Emperess
HILARITAS Joy to you all

Hilaritas is the personnification of happiness or rejoicing. She is usually seen with a long palm frond and either a sceptre or cornucopia. Sometimes seen with children especially if there has been a recent imperial birth

-:Bacchus:-
Bacchus
jula2.jpg
Julia Domna 193-211 denarius24 viewsOb. IULIA PIA FELIX AVG Diademed & draped bust
Rev. VENVS GENETRIX Venus seated left, extending right hand & holding scepter in left
Ref. RIC 388c [Caracalla], RSC 212, BMC 23B

-:Bacchus:-
Bacchus
x12.jpg
Julia Domna 193-211 denarius20 viewsOb. IULIA AVG VSVA draped bust right
Rev. CERERI FRVGIF Ceres seated left holding corn ears and torch
Ref. RIC 546, RSC 14, BMC 10
Mint Rome

IULIA AVG VSVA Julia is your Emperess
CERERI FRVGIF The fruit bearing Ceres
Bacchus
jd4.jpg
Julia Domna 193-211 denarius27 viewsOb. IULIA PIA FELIX AVG Bust right :
Rev. MATRI DEVM Cybell standing holding drum & sceptre, lion at feet
Ref. RIC 382

IULIA PIA FELIX Julia, part of the imperial family
MATRI DEVM Mother of the Gods (Emperor)


-:Bacchus:-
Bacchus
iulia_domna_RIC373.jpg
Julia Domna RIC IV, 37364 viewsJulia Domna, died 217(?), wife of Septimius Severus
AR - denar, 2.67g, 19mm
struck in Rome AD 211-217
obv. IVLIA PIA - FELIX AVG
Bust of Julia, head bare, draped, r. Hair elaborately waved in 5 vertical waves,
varying numbers of horizontal ridges, fastened in bun at back and queue
below it.
rev. DIANA - LVCIFERA
Diana, draped, standing front, holding long lighted torch, pointing slightly
upward to l., in both hands
RIC IV/1, (Caracalla) 373; C.32; BMC 2; RCV 6578
about EF
3 commentsJochen
Iulia_Maesa_1a.jpg
Julia Maesa * Pietas Augusta, Silver Antoninianus 218-223 AD.114 views
"Julia Maesa solemnly vows to take her position as Augusta with respect to Rome."

Obv: IVLIA MAESA AVG - Draped bust, right facing
Rev: PIETAS AVG - Pietas standing left, raising both hands up, grain basket in left arm & hand, to the left at feet, a lit altar

Mint: Rome
Struck: 218-222 AD.

Size: 19 mm.
Weight: 3.38 grams
Die axis: 180 degs.

Condition: Beautiful, clear, bright luster.

Refs:*
RIC IVii, 266, page 50
Ashmolean collection
SEAR RCV II (2002), #7755, page 631

2 commentsTiathena
IuliaMaesa_RIC_272.jpg
Julia Maesa - denarius RIC 27221 viewsJulia Maesa. Silver Denarius, minted in Rome; 3.10 g; obv. Diademed & draped bust right; rev. SAECVLI FELICITAS, Felicitas standing left, sacrificing out of patera over lighted altar & holding long caduceus; star left. RIC 272; RSC 45b.1 commentsBartosz Awianowicz
JuliaMamaea1.jpg
Julia Mamaea44 viewsfr: IULIA MAMAEA AUG
re: FELICITAS PUBLICA
1 commentspax
julia-mamaea_sestertius_24_9gr_obv_06_rev_03.JPG
Julia Mamaea 002 - 01 - AE Sestertius - Venus Victrix 30 viewsEmpress Julia Mamaea, Mother of Emperor Severus Alexander (222-235 AD)
AE Sestertius. Struck 228-9 AD - Rome Mint.

obv: JULIA MAMAEA AUGUSTA - Diademed and draped bust right, seen from the front.
rev: VENVS VICTRIX SC - Venus standing left holding helmet & scepter, shield at feet.

24.9 grams - HEAVY!
-----------

*Notes: This is a very thick and large sestertius of Julia Mamaea, great even patina and coloration as well as having a VERY bold and quite pleasant portrait of the Empress! despite some legend letters being worn or off the flan.
---
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2 commentsrexesq
julia-mamaea_sestertius_24_9gr_obv_01_rev_01.JPG
Julia Mamaea 002 - 01 AE Sestertius - Venus Victrix50 viewsEmpress Julia Mamaea, Mother of Emperor Severus Alexander (222-235AD)
AE Sestertius. Struck 228-9 AD - Rome Mint.

obv: JULIA MAMAEA AUGUSTA - Diademed and draped bust right, seen from the front.
rev: VENVS VICTRIX SC - Venus standing left holding helmet & scepter, shield at feet.

24.9 grams - HEAVY!
-----------

*Notes: This is a very thick and large sestertius of Julia Mamaea, great even patina and coloration as well as having a VERY bold and quite pleasant portrait of the Empress! despite some legend letters being worn or off the flan.
---
-
5 commentsrexesq
julia-mamaea_sestertius_24_9gr_obv_07.JPG
Julia Mamaea 002 - 02 - AE Sestertius - Venus Victrix 11 viewsEmpress Julia Mamaea, Mother of Emperor Severus Alexander (222-235 AD)
AE Sestertius. Struck 228-9 AD - Rome Mint.

obv: JULIA MAMAEA AUGUSTA - Diademed and draped bust right, seen from the front.
rev: VENVS VICTRIX SC - Venus standing left holding helmet & scepter, shield at feet.

24.9 grams - HEAVY!
rexesq
julia-mamaea_sestertius_24_9gr_obv_08.JPG
Julia Mamaea 002 - 03 - AE Sestertius - Venus Victrix 12 viewsEmpress Julia Mamaea, Mother of Emperor Severus Alexander (222-235 AD)
AE Sestertius. Struck 228-9 AD - Rome Mint.

obv: JULIA MAMAEA AUGUSTA - Diademed and draped bust right, seen from the front.
rev: VENVS VICTRIX SC - Venus standing left holding helmet & scepter, shield at feet.

24.9 grams - HEAVY!
rexesq
julia-mamaea_sestertius_24_9gr_obv_10.JPG
Julia Mamaea 002 - 04 - AE Sestertius - Venus Victrix 19 viewsJulia Mamaea AE Sestertius. 228-9 AD.

obv: JULIA MAMAEA AUGUSTA - Diademed and draped bust right, seen from the front.
rev: VENVS VICTRIX SC - Venus standing left holding helmet & scepter, shield at feet.

24.9 grams - heavy
-----------

*Notes: This is a very thick and large sestertius of Julia Mamaea, great even patina and coloration as well as having a VERY bold and quite pleasant portrait of the Empress! despite some legend letters being worn or off the flan.
---
-
1 commentsrexesq
Julia_Mamaea_Juno.jpg
Julia Mamaea, Juno with peacock, Silver Denarius * 222-235 A.D.66 views
AR Denarius

Obv: IVLIA MAMAEA AVG. Draped bust, right.
Rev: IVNO CONSERVATRIX. Juno* standing left, holding patera in left hand and scepter in right hand, peacock at her feet to left and both left-facing.

Mint: Rome
Struck: 222 AD.

Size: 1.9 cm.
Weight: 3.1 grams.
Die axis: 0 degs.

Beautiful clear luster, with ‘minor’ shock damage to lower edge.

RIC IV/2, 343; C.35
Sear 2310
BMCR.43

* Olympian

Mamaea's imperial title was Iulia Augusta, mater Augusti nostri et castrorum et senatus et patriae, recalling the titulature of Julia Domna. Her position in the government was confirmed by the title consors imperii. Recognized as religiosissima, she had conversation with Origen while in the East as She accompanied Alexander on campaign there against the Persians in 230-231. In 235, she was with him in Germany, at Mainz, when they were assassinated by the troops, with Maximinus Thrax chosen as successor. She suffered damnatio memoriae.
Tiathena
00iuliatiti.jpg
JULIA TITI24 viewsAE dupondius. 80-81 AD (Titus) 12.36 gr. 6h. Draped bust right . IVLIA IMP T AVG F AVGVSTA. / Vesta seated left, holding small palladium in extended right hand and sceptre. VESTA . S C across field. RIC II 180 (Titus); Cohen 18.
CNG 157720.
benito
00iuliatiti~0.jpg
JULIA TITI62 viewsAE dupondius. 80-81 AD (Titus) 12.36 gr. 6h. Draped bust right . IVLIA IMP T AVG F AVGVSTA. / Vesta seated left, holding small palladium in extended right hand and sceptre. VESTA . S C across field. RIC II 180 (Titus); Cohen 18.
2 commentsbenito
iulia_titi_VESTA_dup_(Tito)_Ric180.jpg
Julia Titi - dupondius8 viewsVESTA
Tito Ric 180
antvwala
Julian.JPG
Julian II 'The Philosopher' (as Augustus) 28 views361-363 AD
AE Maiorina (29mm, 7.36g)
O: Pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; DN F L CL IULIANVS P F AVG.
R: Bull standing right, two stars above; SECVRITAS REIPVB, TESΓ between two palm branches in exergue.
Thessalonica mint, 3rd Officina.
RIC VIII Thes 225; Sear 4072v

"So long as you are a slave to the opinions of the many you have not yet approached freedom or tasted its nectar… "
~ Julian
1 commentsEnodia
Julian_Rev.JPG
Julian II Rev14 viewsJulian II; AD 360-363
AE 3; 20mm/2.4g
OBV: DN FL CL IULIANUVS AVG; Helmeted, pearl diademed and cuirassed bust L, holding spear and shield
REV: VOT X MVLT XX; Laurel wreath surrounding lettering; palm branch- TES- palm branch; star in wreath at bottom
(Sear 4074, RIC 227 )
Philip G
ARI-Julian_II-3.jpg
Julian II, AD 355 – 36313 viewsAR Siliqua, Arles, RIC263

Grade XF Strike: 4/5 Surface: 4/5

Obv: DN IVLIAN-VS NOB CAES, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right

Rev: VOTIS V MVLTIS X within wreath

Julian (Flavius Claudius Iulianus Augustus), also known as Julian the Apostate, was Roman Emperor from 361 to 363, as well as a notable philosopher and author in Greek

My cost was $138
Richard M10
JULIEN_II-RIC187.jpg
JULIEN II - ANTIOCHE - RIC 1877 viewsSilique réduite, 355-361, R2
A/D N IVLIANV-S NOB CAES
Dominus Noster Iulianus Nobilius Caesar, Notre Seigneur Julien Noble César
Buste imberbe à droite, drapé et cuirassé, tête nue.
R/NO LEGEND ETOILE //ANT
Une étoile dans une couronne de lauriers fermée.
Argent - 1.78 gr - 18.55 mm - 7h
RIC VIII 187, RSC 172c
Siliquae
JULIEN_II-RIC260.jpg
JULIEN II - ARLES - RIC 260/2645 viewsSilique réduite, 355-360, R2
A/D N IVLIANV-S NOB CAES
Dominus Noster Iulianus Nobilius Caesar, Notre Seigneur Julien Noble César
Buste imberbe à droite, drapé et cuirassé, tête nue.
R/VOTIS/V/MVLTIS/X//PCON
Votis quinquennalibus/Multis decennalibus, Vœux pour le cinquième anniversaire de règne et plus pour les dix ans à venir
Légende en 4 lignes dans une couronne de lauriers fermée.
Argent - 1.35 gr - 14.68 mm - 12h
RIC VIII 260/264, RSC 154a, FERRANDO II 1372-1373
260 ou 264. L'absence de marque d'atelier ne permet pas de conclure.
Siliquae
JULIEN_II-RIC264.jpg
JULIEN II - ARLES - RIC 2646 viewsSilique réduite, 355-360, C3
A/D N IVLIANV-S NOB CAES
Dominus Noster Iulianus Nobilius Caesar, Notre Seigneur Julien Noble César
Buste imberbe à droite, tête nue, drapé et cuirassé.
R/VOTIS/V/MVLTIS/X//TCON
Votis quinquennalibus/Multis decennalibus, Vœux pour le cinquième anniversaire de règne et plus pour les dix ans à venir
Légende en 4 lignes dans une couronne de lauriers fermée.
Argent - 1.76 gr - 18.7 mm - 12h
RIC VIII 264, RSC 154, FERRANDO II 1372
Siliquae
JULIEN_II-RIC295_S.jpg
JULIEN II - ARLES - RIC 2954 viewsSilique réduite, 360-363, S
A/D N IVLIAN-VS P F AVG
Dominus Noster Iulianus Pius Felix Augustus, Notre Seigneur Julien Pieux et Heureux Auguste
Buste à droite, diadémé (Perles), drapé et cuirassé.
R/VOTIS/V/MVLTIS/X//SCON
Votis quinquennalibus/Multis decennalibus, Vœux pour le cinquième anniversaire de règne et plus pour les dix ans à venir
Légende en 4 lignes dans une couronne de lauriers fermée.
Argent - 1.82 gr - 17 mm - 12h
RIC VIII 295, RSC 161, FERRANDO II 1376
Siliquae
JULIEN_II-RIC295_P.jpg
JULIEN II - ARLES - RIC 2954 viewsSilique réduite, 360-363, S
A/D N IVLIAN-VS P F AVG
Dominus Noster Iulianus Pius Felix Augustus, Notre Seigneur Julien Pieux et Heureux Auguste
Buste à droite, diadémé (Perles), drapé et cuirassé.
R/VOTIS/V/MVLTIS/X//PCON
Votis quinquennalibus/Multis decennalibus, Vœux pour le cinquième anniversaire de règne et plus pour les dix ans à venir
Légende en 4 lignes dans une couronne de lauriers fermée.
Argent - 1.94 gr - 18.3 mm - 8h
RIC VIII 295, RSC 161, FERRANDO II 1375
Siliquae
JULIEN_II-RIC295_T.jpg
JULIEN II - ARLES - RIC 2954 viewsSilique réduite, 360-363, C2
A/D N IVLIAN-VS P F AVG
Dominus Noster Iulianus Pius Felix Augustus, Notre Seigneur Julien Pieux et Heureux Auguste
Buste à droite, diadémé (Perles), drapé et cuirassé.
R/VOTIS/V/MVLTIS/X//TCON
Votis quinquennalibus/Multis decennalibus, Vœux pour le cinquième anniversaire de règne et plus pour les dix ans à venir
Légende en 4 lignes dans une couronne de lauriers fermée.
Argent - 1.7 gr - 17 mm - 12h
RIC VIII 295, RSC 161, FERRANDO II 1219
Siliquae
JULIEN_II-RIC296_S.jpg
JULIEN II - ARLES - RIC 2964 viewsSilique réduite, 361-363, R3
A/D N CL IVLIA-NVS AVG
Dominus Noster Claudius Iulianus Augustus, Notre Seigneur Claude Julien Auguste
Buste à droite, diadémé (Perles), drapé et cuirassé.
R/VOTIS/V/MVLTIS/X//SCON
Votis quinquennalibus/Multis decennalibus, Vœux pour le cinquième anniversaire de règne et plus pour les dix ans à venir
Légende en 4 lignes dans une couronne de lauriers fermée.
Argent - 1.85 gr - 17 mm - 12h
RIC VIII 296, RSC 158, FERRANDO II 1372
Siliquae
JULIEN_II-RIC297.jpg
JULIEN II - ARLES - RIC 2974 viewsSilique réduite, 360-363, S
A/D N CL IVLI-ANVS AVG
Dominus Noster Claudius Iulianus Augustus, Notre Seigneur Claude Julien Auguste
Buste barbu à droite, diadémé (Perles), drapé et cuirassé.
R/VOTIS/V/MVLTIS/X//TCON
Votis quinquennalibus/Multis decennalibus, Vœux pour le cinquième anniversaire de règne et plus pour les dix ans à venir
Légende en 4 lignes dans une couronne de lauriers fermée.
Argent - 1.7 gr - 17.9 mm - 6h
RIC VIII 297, RSC 158, FERRANDO II 1222
Siliquae
JULIEN_II-FAUX-EPOQUE.jpg
JULIEN II - ARLES - RIC 297-FAUX4 viewsSilique réduite, 360-363, R2
A/D N CL IVLI-ANVS [AVG]
Dominus Noster Claudius Iulianus Augustus, Notre Seigneur Claude Julien Auguste
Buste barbu à droite, diadémé (Perles), drapé et cuirassé.
R/VOTIS/V/MVLTIS/X//CONT
Votis quinquennalibus/Multis decennalibus, Vœux pour le cinquième anniversaire de règne et plus pour les dix ans à venir
Légende en 4 lignes dans une couronne de lauriers fermée. Un aigle dans le médaillon. Atelier irrégulier. Imitation.
Argent - 2.2 gr - 17.2 mm - 12h
RIC VIII 297var, RSC 158, FERRANDO II MANQUE
Imitation d'époque
Siliquae
JULIEN_II-RIC309_2.jpg
JULIEN II - ARLES - RIC 3094 viewsSilique réduite, 362-363, C1
A/D N FL CL IVLI-ANVS P F AVG
Dominus Noster Claudius Flavius Iulianus Pius Felix Augustus, Notre Seigneur Flavius Claude Julien Pieux et Heureux Auguste
Buste barbu à droite, diadémé (Perles), drapé et cuirassé.
R/VOT/X/MVLT/XX//PCONST
Votis decennalibus/Multis vicennalibus, Vœux pour le dixième anniversaire de règne et pour le vingtième à venir
Légende en 4 lignes dans une couronne de lauriers fermée. Un aigle dans le médaillon.
Argent - 2.16 gr - 16.7 mm - 0h
RIC VIII 309, RSC 148e, FERRANDO II 1230
Siliquae
JULIEN_II-RIC309.jpg
JULIEN II - ARLES - RIC 3095 viewsSilique réduite, 362-363, C1
A/[D N F] L CL IVLI-ANVS P F AVG
Dominus Noster Claudius Flavius Iulianus Pius Felix Augustus, Notre Seigneur Flavius Claude Julien Pieux et Heureux Auguste
Buste barbu à droite, diadémé (Perles), drapé et cuirassé.
R/VOT/X/MVLT/XX//PCONST
Votis decennalibus/Multis vicennalibus, Vœux pour le dixième anniversaire de règne et pour le vingtième à venir
Légende en 4 lignes dans une couronne de lauriers fermée. Un aigle dans le médaillon.
Argent - 2.2 gr - 16.2 mm - 12h
RIC VIII 309, RSC 148e, FERRANDO II 1230
Siliquae
JULIEN_II-RIC309_T.jpg
JULIEN II - ARLES - RIC 30921 viewsSilique réduite, 362-363, C1
A/D N FL CL IVLI-ANVS P F AVG
Dominus Noster Claudius Flavius Iulianus Pius Felix Augustus, Notre Seigneur Flavius Claude Julien Pieux et Heureux Auguste
Buste barbu à droite, diadémé (Perles), drapé et cuirassé.
R/VOT/X/MVLT/XX//TCONST
Votis decennalibus/Multis vicennalibus, Vœux pour le dixième anniversaire de règne et pour le vingtième à venir
Légende en 4 lignes dans une couronne de lauriers fermée. Un aigle dans le médaillon.
Argent - 1.99 gr - 18 mm - 5h
RIC VIII 309, RSC 148e
1 commentsSiliquae
JULIEN_II-RIC309_S.jpg
JULIEN II - ARLES - RIC 3096 viewsSilique réduite, 362-363, C1
A/D N FL CL IVLI-ANVS P F AVG
Dominus Noster Claudius Flavius Iulianus Pius Felix Augustus, Notre Seigneur Flavius Claude Julien Pieux et Heureux Auguste
Buste barbu à droite, diadémé (Perles), drapé et cuirassé.
R/VOT/X/MVLT/XX//SCONST
Votis decennalibus/Multis vicennalibus, Vœux pour le dixième anniversaire de règne et pour le vingtième à venir
Légende en 4 lignes dans une couronne de lauriers fermée. Un aigle dans le médaillon.
Argent - 1.89 gr - 16.95 mm - 12h
RIC VIII 309, RSC 148e, FERRANDO II 1231
Siliquae
JULIEN_II-RIC311_T.jpg
JULIEN II - ARLES - RIC 3113 viewsSilique réduite, 360-363, R2
A/D N FL CL IVLIA-NVS P F AVG
Dominus Noster Claudius Flavius Iulianus Pius Felix Augustus, Notre Seigneur Flavius Claude Julien Pieux et Heureux Auguste
Buste barbu à droite, diadémé (Perles), drapé et cuirassé.
R/VOT/X/MVLT/XX//TCONST
Votis decennalibus/Multis vicennalibus, Vœux pour le dixième anniversaire de règne et pour le vingtième à venir
Légende en 4 lignes dans une couronne de lauriers fermée. Un aigle dans le médaillon.
Argent - 2.15 gr - 16.3 mm - 12h
RIC VIII 311, RSC 148e, FERRANDO II 1229
Siliquae
JULIEN_II-RIC311.jpg
JULIEN II - ARLES - RIC 3115 viewsSilique réduite, 360-363, R2
A/D N FL CL IVLIA-NVS P F AVG
Dominus Noster Claudius Flavius Iulianus Pius Felix Augustus, Notre Seigneur Flavius Claude Julien Pieux et Heureux Auguste
Buste barbu à droite, diadémé (Perles), drapé et cuirassé.
R/VOT/X/MVLT/XX//PCONST
Votis decennalibus/Multis vicennalibus, Vœux pour le dixième anniversaire de règne et pour le vingtième à venir
Légende en 4 lignes dans une couronne de lauriers fermée. Un aigle dans le médaillon.
Argent - 1.93 gr - 17 mm - 12h
RIC VIII 311, RSC 148e, FERRANDO II 1228
Siliquae
JULIENII_RIC215a.jpg
JULIEN II - LYON - RIC 215A7 viewsSilique réduite, 360-363, S
A/FL CL IVLIA-NVS PP AVG
Claudius Flavius Iulianus Perpetuus Augustus, Flavius Claude Julien Perpétuel Auguste
Buste à droite, diadémé (Perles), drapé et cuirassé.
R/VICTORIA-DD NN AVG//LVG
Victoria Dominorum Nostrorum Augustorum, La Victoire de nos seigneurs augustes
La victoire debout de face, tournée à gauche, tenant une couronne de la main droite et une branche de palme de la main gauche. Une seule aile visible.
Argent - 1.93 gr - 18 mm - 12h
RIC VIII 215A, RSC 58a
Siliquae
JULIEN_II-RIC218.jpg
JULIEN II - LYON - RIC 2185 viewsSilique réduite, 360-363, C5
A/FL CL IVLIA-NVS PP AVG
Claudius Flavius Iulianus Perpetuus Augustus, Flavius Claude Julien Perpétuel Auguste
Buste barbu à droite, diadémé (Perles), drapé et cuirassé.
R/VOTIS/V/MVLTIS/X//LVG
Votis quinquennalibus/Multis decennalibus, Vœux pour le cinquième anniversaire de règne et plus pour les dix ans à venir
Légende en 4 lignes dans une couronne de lauriers fermée.
Argent - 2.02 gr - 1.7 mm - 7h
RIC VIII 218, RSC 163a
Siliquae
JULIEN_II-RIC219.jpg
JULIEN II - LYON - RIC 2195 viewsSilique réduite, 360-363, C3
A/FL CL IVLIA-NVS PP AVG
Claudius Flavius Iulianus Perpetuus Augustus, Flavius Claude Julien Perpétuel Auguste
Buste à droite, lauré et diadémé (Rosettes), drapé et cuirassé.
R/VOTIS/V/MVLTIS/X//LVG
Votis quinquennalibus/Multis decennalibus, Vœux pour le cinquième anniversaire de règne et plus pour les dix ans à venir
Légende en 4 lignes dans une couronne de lauriers fermée.
Argent - 1.67 gr - 16.1 mm - 12h
RIC VIII 219, RSC 163c
Siliquae
JULIEN_II-RIC227var.jpg
JULIEN II - LYON - RIC 2273 viewsSilique réduite, 361-363, R2
A/FL CL IVLIA-NVS PP AVG
Claudius Flavius Iulianus Augustus, Flavius Claude Julien Auguste
Buste à droite, diadémé (Perles), drapé et cuirassé.
R/VOTIS/V/MVLTIS/X//SLVG
Votis quinquennalibus/Multis decennalibus, Vœux pour le cinquième anniversaire de règne et plus pour les dix ans à venir
Légende en 4 lignes dans une couronne de lauriers fermée.
Argent - 1.73 gr - 16.5 mm - 12h
RIC VIII 227, RSC 163b
Siliquae
JULIEN_II-RIC227.jpg
JULIEN II - LYON - RIC 2275 viewsSilique réduite, 361-363, C3
A/FL CL IVLIA-NVS PP AVG
Claudius Flavius Iulianus Perpetuus Augustus, Flavius Claude Julien Perpétuel Auguste
Buste à droite, diadémé (Perles), drapé et cuirassé.
R/VOTIS/V/MVLTIS/X//PLVG
Votis quinquennalibus/Multis decennalibus, Vœux pour le cinquième anniversaire de règne et plus pour les dix ans à venir
Légende en 4 lignes dans une couronne de lauriers fermée.
Argent - 2.51 gr - 16.7 mm - 12h
RIC VIII 227, RSC 163b
Siliquae
JULIEN_II-RIC233_P.jpg
JULIEN II - LYON - RIC 2333 viewsSilique réduite, 361-361, S
A/FL CL IVLIA-NVS P P AVG
Claudius Flavius Iulianus Perpetuus Augustus, Flavius Claude Julien Perpétuel Auguste
Buste imberbe à droite, diadémé (Perles), drapé et cuirassé.
R/VOT/X/MVLT/XX//PLVG
Votis decennalibus/Multis vicennalibus, Vœux pour le dixième anniversaire de règne et pour le vingtième à venir
Légende en 4 lignes dans une couronne de lauriers fermée.
Argent - 1.78 gr - 17.2 mm - 7h
RIC VIII 233, RSC 146b
Siliquae
JULIEN_II-RIC233_S.jpg
JULIEN II - LYON - RIC 2335 viewsSilique réduite, 361-361, S
A/FL CL IVLIA-NVS P P AVG
Claudius Flavius Iulianus Perpetuus Augustus, Flavius Claude Julien Perpétuel Auguste
Buste imberbe à droite, diadémé (Perles), drapé et cuirassé.
R/VOT/X/MVLT/XX//SLVG
Votis decennalibus/Multis vicennalibus, Vœux pour le dixième anniversaire de règne et pour le vingtième à venir
Légende en 4 lignes dans une couronne de lauriers fermée.
Argent - 1.71 gr - 16 mm - 12h
RIC VIII 233, RSC 146b
Siliquae
JULIEN_II_RIC234.jpg
JULIEN II - LYON - RIC 2346 viewsSilique, 360-363, S
A/D N FL CL IVLI-ANVS P F AVG
Dominus Noster Claudius Flavius Iulianus Pius Felix Augustus, Notre Seigneur Flavius Claude Julien Pieux et Heureux Auguste
Buste barbu à droite, diadémé (Perles), drapé et cuirassé.
R/VOT/X/MVLT/XX//PLVG
Votis decennalibus/Multis vicennalibus, Vœux pour le dixième anniversaire de règne et pour le vingtième à venir
Légende en 4 lignes dans une couronne de lauriers fermée.
Argent - 1.1 gr - 15.94 mm - 12h
RIC VIII 234, RSC 148a
Siliquae
JULIENII_RIC234_P.jpg
JULIEN II - LYON - RIC 2347 viewsSilique, 360-363, S
A/D N FL CL IVLI-ANVS P F AVG
Dominus Noster Claudius Flavius Iulianus Pius Felix Augustus, Notre Seigneur Flavius Claude Julien Pieux et Heureux Auguste
Buste à droite, diadémé (Perles), drapé et cuirassé.
R/VOT/X/MVLT/XX//PLVG
Votis decennalibus/Multis vicennalibus, Vœux pour le dixième anniversaire de règne et pour le vingtième à venir
Légende en 4 lignes dans une couronne de lauriers fermée.
Argent - 2.05 gr - 17.1 mm - 11h
RIC VIII 234, RSC 148a
Siliquae
JULIENII_RIC365.jpg
JULIEN II - TREVES - RIC 3656 viewsSilique réduite, 361-363, C2
A/D N CL IVLI-ANVS AVG
Dominus Noster Claudius Iulianus Augustus, Notre Seigneur Claude Julien Auguste
Buste barbu à droite, diadémé (Perles), drapé et cuirassé.
R/VOTIS/V/MVLTIS/X//TR(PALME)
Votis quinquennalibus/Multis decennalibus, Vœux pour le cinquième anniversaire de règne et plus pour les dix ans à venir
Légende en 4 lignes dans une couronne de lauriers fermée.
Argent - 2.01 gr - 17.24 mm - 12h
RIC VIII 365, RSC 157b
Siliqua S
EM003_Julius_Caesar.JPG
Julius Caesar; 46 - 44BC14 viewsAE 20
Struck ca. 45 BC; Lampsacus, Mysia
Obv: C G I L (Colonia Gemella(?) Iulia Lampsacus), laureate head of Julius Caesar right; countermark: ΛAE monogram in a rectangular punch.
Rev: priest plowing with two oxen, marking the pomerium (sacred boundary marking the foundation of a new Roman colony), Q LVCRETIO / L PONTIO in two lines above, II VIR before bull's forelegs, M TVRIO LEG in exergue;

This type was the second issue to definitively feature a lifetime portrait of Julius Caesar, the first being an issue from Bithynia minted ca. 47/6 BC (RPC I 2026). Both of these bronze issues precede the earliest appearance of his portrait on a coin minted at Rome, that being the denarii of M. Mettius issued in January 44 BC.
1 commentscmcdon0923
1302_392_Farculeius.JPG
L. Farsuleius Mensor - AR denarius5 viewsRome
¹²75 BC
diademed and draped bust of Libertas right, pileus behind
S·C__MENSOR
helmeted warrior right in biga holding spear and reins asisting togate citizen into biga
II
L·FARSVLEI
¹Crawford 392/1b; Sydenham 789; Farsuleia 2
²Mark Passehl - Roman moneyer & coin type chronology,
ex Naumann

This issue commemorates a acceptance of lex Iulia de civitate sociis danda, law from 90 BC which guaranteed citizenship to all Italic people who didn't stand up against Rome in social war. For that reason warrior in the chariot is sometimes considered to be Roma.
Johny SYSEL
farsuleius_mensor_Crawford392.1b.jpg
L. Farsuleius Mensor, Crawford 392/1b74 viewsL. Farsuleius Mensor, gens Farsuleia
AR - denar, 18 mm, 3.96 gm.
Rome 75 BC
obv. Diademed and draped bust of Libertas r., wearing ear-rings and necklace.
S C and pileus behind
MENSOR before
rev. Armed and helmeted warrior, holding spear, takes togated person into his
biga, driving r.
CXV under horses
L. FARSVLEI in exergue.
Crawford 392/1b; Sydenham 789; Farsuleia 2
about VF, obv. slightly excentric
ex Lakeview coll.

The reverse depiction is heavily propagandistic. It could be related to the 'Lex Iulia de civitate sociis dandi', introduced by the consul L. Caesar (not Julius Caesar!) in 90 BC and offering Roman citizenship to all citizens of Italian municipia who had not raised arms against Rome in the Italian War (Social War).

Another possibilitiy is that it is related to to the recruitment of military troops needed for the wars in Spain (against Sertorius) and against Mithradates in Asia.

In the 1st case it is Roma taking the Roman allies in her biga, in the other case it could be Mars taking the Roman citizens in his war chariot.
2 commentsJochen
pseudo-autonomous_Gordus_Julia_Synkletos_Dionysos_AE19_4_86g.jpg
Lydia, Gordus-Julia, Synkletos / Dionysos, AE1971 views19mm, 4.86g
time of Commodus, 178-192 AD
obv: IEPA CVNKΛHTOC; draped bust of Synkletos (Senate) right
rev: IOVΛIEΩN ΓOPΔHNΩN; Dionysos standing facing, head left, holding thyrsos in left, kantharos in right hand, panther at feet left

SNG von Aulock 2980; SNG Leypold 942 var (without panther)

ex Gert Boersema
1 commentsareich
pseudo-autonomous_Gordus-Julia_Synkletos_Dionysos_AE20_4_40g.jpg
Lydia, Gordus-Julia, Synkletos / Dionysos, AE2031 viewsAE20, 4.40g
2nd - 3rd Century AD, Gordus-Iulia, Lydia.
Obv: IЄPA CVNKΛHTOC; draped bust of Senate right
Rev: ΓOPΔHNΩN IOVΛIЄΩN; Dionysos standing left, holding Thyrsos left and Kantharos right
SNG Leypold 942 (same dies), SNG Aulock 2980 var (that one has a panther)

ex Rutten & Wieland
areich
LydiaJuliaGordusLuciusVerusAthena_(exPoncin)1.jpg
Lydia, Julia Gordus. Lucius Verus. Potentially unpublished. 12 viewsLydia, Julia Gordus. Lucius Verus (AD 161–169 ). Æ 25mm; 7.71 g, 6h.
Obverse: [ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ] Λ ΑΥΡΗ ΟΥΗ[ΡΟC], laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
Reverse: ΙΟΥΛΙЄΩΝ ΓΟ[Ρ]Δ–ΗΝΩΝ, Athena advancing right, brandishing spear in right hand and
holding shield with left arm.
References: Cf. RPC IV Online (temporary No.) 1254 (same obverse die).
Ex Marc Poncin, 5-23-2014.
Mark Fox
050_Iulia_Domna_(170-217_A_D_),_Lydia,_Saitta,_AE-18,_IOY_#923;IA_CEBAC,_CAITTHNWN,_Leypold_I,_1163,_Lindgren_III_511_,_193-217AD,Q-001,_6h,_17,5mm,_2,71g-s.jpg
Lydia, Saitta, 050 Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), AE-18, CAITTHNΩN, Tyche standing left,116 viewsLydia, Saitta, 050 Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), AE-18, CAITTHNΩN, Tyche standing left,
avers: IOYΛIA CEBAC, Draped bust right.
reverse: CAITTHNΩN, Tyche standing left, kalathos on head, holding rudder and cornucopiae.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 2,71g, axis: 6h,
mint: Lydia, Saitta, date: 193-217 A.D., ref: Leypold I, 1163, Lindgren III 511,
Q-001
quadrans
philippi_tiberius_RPC1657.jpg
Macedonia, Philippi(?), Tiberius, RPC 1657 #152 viewsCommodus(?), AD 177-192
AE 17 (Semis), 4.31g, 16.91mm, 225°
obv. [.....]
bare head, r., curly hair
rev. [CGI] - H PAR
two priests ploughing right with two oxen
ref. ?
F+, nice green-blue patina

HPAR is part of CGIH PAR = Colonia Gemelli Iulia Hadriana Pariana
Jochen
legioxxiiLG.jpg
Mark Antony, Triumvir and Imperator, 44 - 30 B.C.62 viewsMARCUS ANTONIUS (Marc Antony) AR silver legionary denarius. Legion XXIII. 18mm, 3.5g. Struck at a military mint, likely Patrae, 32-31 BC. Obverse: ANT AVG III VIR R P C, Praetorian galley sailing. Reverse: LEG XXIII, eagle between standards. Ex Incitatus.

Legion XXII, the 22nd, is the second-last legion in the series and one of the scarcer types of the regular numbered legions.

Marcus Antonius (in Latin: M·ANTONIVS·M·F·M·N[1]) (January 14, 83 BC – August 1, 30 BC), known in English as Mark Antony, was a Roman politician and general. He was an important supporter and the loyal friend of Gaius Julius Caesar as a military commander and administrator, despite his blood ties, through his mother Iulia, to the branch of Caesars opposed to the Marians and murdered by them. After Caesar's assassination, Antony formed an official political alliance with Octavian (Augustus) and Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, known to historians today as the Second Triumvirate.

The triumvirate broke up in 33 BC. Disagreement between Octavian and Antony erupted into civil war, the Final War of the Roman Republic, in 31 BC. Antony was defeated by Octavian at the naval Battle of Actium, and in a brief land battle at Alexandria. He and his lover Cleopatra committed suicide shortly thereafter.

For anyone tempted to laud Marcus Antonius, to Antony's great shame read what Plutarch wrote about what Antony did to Cicero:

Plutarch: Cicero's Death

But in the meantime the assassins were come with a band of soldiers, Herennius, a centurion, and Popillius, a tribune, whom Cicero had formerly defended when prosecuted for the murder of his father. Finding the doors shut, they broke them open, and Cicero not appearing, and those within saying they knew not where he was, it is stated that a youth, who had been educated by Cicero in the liberal arts and sciences, an emancipated slave of his brother Quintus, Philologus by name, informed the tribune that the litter was on its way to the sea through the close and shady walks. The tribune, taking a few with him, ran to the place where he was to come out. And Cicero, perceiving Herennius running in the walks, commanded his servants to set down the litter; and stroking his chin, as he used to do, with his left hand, he looked steadfastly upon his murderers, his person covered with dust, his beard and hair untrimmed, and his face worn with his troubles. So that the greatest part of those that stood by covered their faces whilst Herennius slew him. And thus was he murdered, stretching forth his neck out of the litter, being now in his sixty-fourth year. Herennius cut off his head, and, by Antony's command, his hands also, by which his Philippics were written; for so Cicero styled those orations he wrote against Antony, and so they are called to this day.

When these members of Cicero were brought to Rome, Antony was holding an assembly for the choice of public officers; and when he heard it, and saw them, he cried out, "Now let there be an end of our proscriptions." He commanded his head and hands to be fastened up over the rostra, where the orators spoke; a sight which the Roman people shuddered to behold, and they believed they saw there, not the face of Cicero, but the image of Antony's own soul.

Translation by John Dryden: http://intranet.grundel.nl/thinkquest/moord_cicero_plu.html

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
Sev_Alex_and_Mamaea_Med_Sest.jpg
Medallion showing facing busts of Severus Alexander and Mamaea27 viewsObverse: (IMPSE)VALEXANDERAVGIULIAMAMAEAAVG
Busts face to face of Severus Alexander laureate (seen from the front), slightly bearded, draped and cuirassed and Julia Mamaea draped wearing stephane, left hair in waves
MAT(AVG) below busts
Reverse: AEQVITAS AVGVS(TI)
The three Monetae draped , standing front, holding, each, scales in right hand and cornucopiae in left; the Monetae left and right have head turned left; to left of each Moneta small pile of coins(?) or die (?)
BMC 556*, RIC 316
Weight, 28.522g; Die axis, 12h

mix_val
markianopolis_elagabal_iulia_maesa_AMNG957var.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 28. Elagabal & Julia Maesa, HrJ (2013) 6.28.21.05 (plate coin)18 viewsElagabal & Julia Maesa, AD 218-222
AE 26, 11.53g, 26.38mm, 15°
struck under governor Julius Antonius Seleucus
obv. [AVT] KM AVRH ANTWNEINOC.IOVLIA MAICA [AVG]
Head of Elagabal, laureate, r., and bust of Julia Maesa, draped and with stephane, l.
rev. VP.IOVL.ANT.CEL - EVKOV MARKIANOPO / LITWN
Hygieia, in long garment and mantle, stg. r., holding snake in r. arm and feeding her from patera
in l. hand.
in lower l. field E (for pentassarion)
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 957 var. (2 ex., Gotha, Sofia)
WN ligate
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1636(?), no pic!
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) 6.28.21.5 (plate coin)
rare, F+/about VF, dark green patina
Jochen
sev_alex_maesa_markianopolis.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 33. Severus Alexander & Julia Maesa, HrJ (2014) 6.33.22.02 (plate coin)70 viewsSeverus Alexander & Julia Maesa, his grandmother, AD 222-235
AE 26, 10.86g, 26.29mm, 0°
struck under governor Tib. Iulius Festus
obv. AVT KM AVR SEVH ALEZANDROC IOVLIA MAICA
confronted busts of Alexander, draped and cuirassed seen from behind,
laureate, r., and Iulia Maesa, diademed, draped, l.
rev. YP TIB IOVL FHCTOV MARKIANOPO / LITWN (WN ligate)
Serpent half erected r., in four elaborate coils
E in upper l. field (for Pentassarion)
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1062 var. (in ex. TWN, E in r.field)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1875 var. (same)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2014) No. 6.33.22.2 (plate coin)
very rare, good SS
added to www.wildwinds.com
3 commentsJochen
nikopolis_sept_severus_HrHJ(2017)8_21_32_1(rev).jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 14. Septimius Severus, HrHJ (2018) 8.14.32.12 (plate coin)7 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 25, 10.50g, 25.13mm, 30°
obv. [AV K L CE] - CEVHROC P (HR ligate)
Bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. VP AVR GALL[OV NIKOPOL PR]OC I. (beginning upper right!)
Youthful river god, nude to hips, leaning l., holding in extended r. hand plant and resting with l.
elbow on overturned vase from which water flows l.
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No.8.14.32.12 (this coin)
F, dark green patina, very worn

Rev. known for Iulia Domna HrHJ (2018) No. 8.21.32.1. Another example for a parallel issue for members of the imperial family!
Jochen
nikopolis_sept_severus_HrHJ(2017)8_17_53_4(rev).jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 14. Septimius Severus, HrHJ (2018) 8.14.53.03 (plate coin) 13 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 18, 2.31g, 14-17.5mm, 60°
obv. AV KAI CE. - CEVHROC
Laureate head r.
rev. NIKOPOLITWN PROC I / CTRON
Bull stg. l., tail turned up
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.14.53.3 (this coin)
F+, green patina, oval flan

Known from Iulia Domna, HrHJ (2018) 8.17.53.4. Another parallel issue for members of the imperial family
Jochen
nikopolis_domna_HrHJ(2017)8_17_3_4corr.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 17. Julia Domna, HrHJ (2018) 8.17.03.04. corr. (plate coin)11 viewsIulia Domna, AD 193-211
AE 17, 2.78g, 16.69mm, 225°
obv. IOVLIA DOMNA [CEBA]
Bust, draped, r.
rev. NIKOPOLIT PROC ICTR
Peacock stg. frontal, fanning out his tail
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov
cf. #2865 (for the type only)
c) Hristova-Hoeft-Jekov (2018) No. 8.17.3.4 corr. (same dies, but writes CEBACTH)
Scarce, S, dark green patina

The same rev. is known for Severus, HrHJ (2018) 8.14.3.18
Jochen
nikopolis_17_iul_domna_HrHJ(2013)8_17_48_01var.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 17. Julia Domna, HrHJ (2018) 8.17.48.02 (plate coin) 14 viewsIulia Domna, AD 193-211
AE 18, 3.02g, 17.99mm, 0°
obv. IOVLIA - [DOMNA CE]
Bust, draped, r.
rev. NIKOPOLITWN PROC ICT.
Crescent with a 6-pointed star in the cavity
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.17.48.2 (this coin)
scarce, F+, obv. excentrically struck
Jochen
nikopolis_iul_domna_HrHJ(2015)8_17_48_6(rev).jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 17. Julia Domna, HrHJ (2018) 8.17.48.06 (plate coin)25 viewsIulia Domna, AD 193-211
AE 17, 3.16g, 16.81mm, 30°
obv. EIOVLI - [DOMN] CE
Bust, draped, r.
rev. NIK[OPOLITWN] - PROC ICTRO
Big 8-pointed star with dots at the points
ref. a) not in AMNG:
cf. AMNG I/1, 1487/88 (for the type only)
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.17.48.6 (this coin)
F+, dark green patina, legends only partially readable
1 commentsJochen
050_Iulia_Domna,_AE-17,_HHG_8_17_05_2,_,_Draped_bust_r_,,_Cista_m__snake,_R3,_214-AD,_Q-001,_8h,_15,5-18,2mm,_2,57g-s.jpg
Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, 050 Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), HrHJ (2012) 08.17.05.02., AE-17, Cista Mystica with a snake, #164 viewsMoesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, 050 Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), HrHJ (2012) 08.17.05.02., AE-17, Cista Mystica with a snake, #1
avers: IOVΛ ΔO CEBACTH, Draped bust right.
reverse: NIKOΠOΛIT ΠPOC ICTP, Cista Mystica with an open lid, snake emerging left.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 15,5-18,2mm, weight: 2,57g, axis: 8h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, date: 170-217 A.D.,
ref: Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov HrHJ (2012) 08.17.05.02., P.B. 1482, H.M. 1043,
Q-001
quadrans
050_Iulia-Domna_AE-17_IOV_-_O-CEBACTH_Drapedd-bust-r__NIKO_O_IT-_POC-ICTPON_Basket-with-fruits_HHG-8-17-52-2_R3_-214-AD_Q-001_axis-1h_16,5mm_3,35g-s.jpg
Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, 050 Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), HrHJ (2012) 08.17.52.02., AE-17, NIKOΠOΛIT ΠPOC ICTPON, Basket with fruits,80 viewsMoesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, 050 Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), HrHJ (2012) 08.17.52.02., AE-17, NIKOΠOΛIT ΠPOC ICTPON, Basket with fruits,
avers: IOVΛ ΔO CEBACTH, Draped bust right.
reverse: NIKOΠOΛIT ΠPOC ICTPON, Basket with fruits.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5mm, weight: 3,35g, axis: 1h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, date: 170-217 A.D.,
ref: Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov HrHJ (2012) 08.17.52.02.,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
050_Iulia_Domna_(_170-217_A_D_),_AE-21_Nikopolis_IVLIA-DOMNA-CEB__NIKOPOLIT-PROC-ICTRO_Athena-Snake_HHJ-8_17_3_3var_p-154_P_B_-1465-66_H_M-1026_Q-001_7h_20,5mm_4,69g-s.jpg
Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, 050 Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), HrHJ (2013) 08.17.04.04., AE-21, NIKOΠOΛIT ΠPOC ICTPO, Athena left, snake,134 viewsMoesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, 050 Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), HrHJ (2013) 08.17.04.04., AE-21, NIKOΠOΛIT ΠPOC ICTPO, Athena left, snake,
avers: IOVΛIA ΔOMNA CEB, Draped bust right.
reverse: NIKOΠOΛIT ΠPOC ICTPO, Athena left, snake.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 20,5mm, weight: 4,69g, axis: 7h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, date: 170-217 A.D.,
ref: Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov HrHJ (2013) 8.17.04.04., p-154,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
parion_commodus_unbekannt.jpg
Mysia, Parion, Commodus, cf. BMC 101 (for the type only)9 viewsCommodus, AD 177-192
AE 17 (Semis), 4.31g, 16.91mm, 225
obv. [...]
Bare head r., curly hair
rev. [CGI] - H PAR
2 priests ploughing with oxen r.
ref. not found
rare, G/G+, nice blue Patina, double struck on rev.

HPAR is part of CGIH PAR = Colonia Gemella Iulia Hadriana Pariana. So it couldn't be Augustus nor Tiberius, but probably Commodus.
Jochen
parium_gallienus_unbekannt.jpg
Mysia, Parion, Gallienus SNG Copenhagen 19, 306(?)36 viewsGallienus AD 253-268
AE 28, 11.60g
obv. [IMP LICIN] - [GALL]EIN
Bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. CG - IH - P (P reversed)
Male figure, nude to hips, wearing short hip clothes and boots, holding spear
horizontal in both hands, advancing r. against boar, leaping l.; branch above
SNG Copenhagen 19, 306(?) ; ANS #1944.100.43153 (Thanks to Dapsul!)
F/about VF, oliv-green patina

The rev. seems to show Androklos killing the Ephesian boar. CGIHP means Colonia Gemella Iulia Hadriana Pariana.
Thanks to all Forum members who have helped me with this coin!
Jochen
1172_Nero_Acmoneia2.jpg
Nero - Acmoneia4 viewsL. Servinius Capito, magistrate, and his wife, Iulia Severa
c. 65 AD
laureate bust right wearing aegis, crescent above, winged caduceus below; countermark: Asklepios standing right, holding serpent-encircled staff
NEPWNA CEBACTON AKMONEIC
Zeus seated left, holding phiale and long scepter; owl below
CEPOYHNIOY KAΠITΩNOC KAI IOYΛIAC CEOYHPAC
EPI AΠX TO Γ
BMC Phrygia 43, SNG Cop 29, RPC I 3176; c/m: Howgego 241 (12 pcs)
4,4g
Johny SYSEL
iuliatrad.jpg
Octavian Augustus As, Iulia Traducta (RPC 108)4 viewsIulia Traducta mint, 23 BC - 10 BC. 25 mm, 11.5 g, 270º.

Obverse: PERM CAES AVG Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust, looking right.

Reverse: IVLIA / TRAD Legend inside laurel wreath.

Reference: RPC 108.
Manuel
domnapisidia.jpg
Pisidia, Antioch. Julia Domna AE22. Men26 viewsPRO: PISIDIA
PO : ANTIOCHEIA
PZ : Between 193 and 203
TIL: COLONIAE / CAIS
Obverse
VSL: IVLI DOMNA AVG
VT : PORTRAIT WOMAN R / IULIA DOMNA
VA : CLOTHES
Reverse
RSL: ANTIOCH COLONIAE CAIS
RT : MAN STANDING HR(1) / MEN(1) / BIRD LE / COCK
RA : FOOT(1) / ON / BUKRANION / STAFF(1) / PHRYGIAN CAP / CRESCENT / NIKE(1) / WITH / TROPAION
Technical details
M : AE
GEW: 5.7(1)
Bibliographical references
ZIT: KRZYZANOWSKA S148,DOM5.13(1) / COLL WARSCHAU(1)
Additional remarks
FR : VS: IVLI DOMNA AVG RS: ANTIOCH COLONIAE CAIS
ancientone
111g.jpg
QUINTILLO (R/ PROVIDENT AVG) 270 d.C., Roma27 viewsMarco Aurelio Claudio QUINTILLO (270 d.C.), antoniniano. Zecca di Roma
AE, gr 3,3, mm 19,4, 180°, MB
D/ IMP C M AVR CL QVINTILLVS AVG, busto drappeggiato e corazzato a dx
R/ PROVIDENT AVG, Providentia stante a sx con bastone e scettro, globo ai piedi, stigma nel campo a dx
RIC V-1, 29, Hunter 16; Cohen 61
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (22 aprile 2008, numero catalogo 110); ex collezione Giuliano Occhiodoro, Ancona Italia (fino al 2008).
paolo
RIC_T_388_Iulia_Titi.jpg
RIC 0388 Iulia Titi67 viewsObv: IVLIA AVGVSTA TITI AVGVSTI F, Draped and diademed right; hair in long plait
Rev: VENVS AVGVST, Venus standing right, leaning on column, with helmet and spear
AR/Denarius (19.38 mm 3.28 g 6h) Struck in Rome 80-81 A D
RIC 788 (C2, Titus) RSC 14, BMCRE 141, BNF 106
ex Inasta Auction 53 lot 375
7 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
RIC_392b_Iulia_Titi.jpg
RIC 0392b Iulia Titi29 viewsObv: IVLIA IMP T AVG F AVGVSTA, Draped bust right, hair piled high in front and coiled in small bun at back
Rev: CERES AVGVST / S - C, Ceres standing left, with corn ears and torch
AE/Dupondius (28.44 mm 11.816 g 6h) Struck in Rome 80-81 A D
RIC 392b (R), BMCRE 255, BNF 265
ex Numismatik Naumann Auction 74 lot 475
3 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
RIC_D_848_Iulia_Titi.jpg
RIC 0848 Iulia Titi54 viewsObv: IVLIA AVGVSTA DIVI TITI F, Bust draped right, hair piled high in front and coiled in small bun at back; pellet under bust
Rev: VESTA (in exergue), Vesta seated left, with palladium and sceptre
AR/Cistophorus (25.16 mm 10.58 g 6h) Struck in Rome for circulation in Asia Minor 82 A.D.
RIC 848 (R, Domitian), RSC 15, BMCRE 258 (Domitian), BNF 227-228 (Domitian)
ex Gitbud & Naumann Pecunem Auction 19 Lot 518
5 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
Didius.jpg
Roman Didius Julianus Sestertius74 viewsDidius Iulianus Sestertius, 193 AD, Rome.
Obv: IMP CAES M DID SEVER IVLIAN AVG, laureate head right.
Rev: CONCORD MILIT / S - C, Concordia standing front, head left, holding legionary eagle and standard.
RIC IV, Part 1, 14 (R)
Rare
2 commentsTanit
IuliaDomna-Denar-Isis-RIC[SeptSev]577.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, IULIA DOMNA, AR Denarius. RIC IV [SeptSev] /I/57716 viewsAv) IVLIA AVGVSTA
Draped bust right

Rv) SAECVLI FELICITAS
Isis wearing polos on head standing right, foot on prow, suckling Horus; behind her, rudder leaning on altar

Weight: 4,0g; Ø:20mm; Reference: RIC IV/I[SepSev]/577; ROME mint,
struck under Septimius Severus
sulcipius
890_iulianus_ges_SW.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Julian II8 viewsJulianus

FEL TEMP REPARATIO
Franz-Josef M
Iulianus-Büste.JPG
Roman, Julian II. Apostata AE1651 viewsIulianus II. Apostata AE1, struck 361-363 AD at Antioch mint, 2. officinae.
Obv: D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
(Rev: SECVRITAS REI PVB, bull standing right, two stars above.
Ex: ANTB(palm))
Ø 27-29 mm, 7.79 g.
Antioch RIC VIII 216

My favourite portrait in my collection...
9 commentsPscipio
RPC_II_1385_Domitia.jpg
RPC II 1385 Domitia15 viewsObv: ΔOMITIA CEBACTH, Draped bust of Domitia right
Rev: IOYLIΩN ΓOPDHNΩN / MПP (monogram in exergue); Zeus seated left holding eagle and sceptre
AE20 (19.78 mm 3.392 g 12h) Struck in Iulia Gordus (Lydia)
RPC 1385
ex Naville Numismatics Live Auction 27 lot 192, from the E.E. Clain Stefanelli Collection
FlaviusDomitianus
Septimius_Severus_(193-211)_legionary_denarius_(Legio_XI_Claudia)_(AR).png
Septimius Severus (193-211) legionary denarius (Legio XI Claudia) (AR)21 viewsObv.: IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG (Laureate head of emperor) Rev.: LEG XI CL (Legionary eagle between two standards) Exergue: TR P COS Diameter: 17,5 mm Weight: 3,2 g RIC 12

The 11th Claudia was originally recruited by Caesar and used later by Octavian. They supported Septimius Severus' bid for the throne against Didius Iulianus.
Nick.vdw
Iulia-Domna_AE_IOV_#923;IA-_#916;OMNA-dot-CEBA__CEP__N_Varb-x_Serdica_Q-001_23-24mm_7,45g-s.jpg
Thrace, Serdica, 050 Iulia Domna (170-217 A.D.), AE-23, CEPΔΩN, Nemesis,76 viewsThrace, Serdica, 050 Iulia Domna (170-217 A.D.), Thrace, Serdica, AE-23, CEPΔΩN, Nemesis,
avers:- IOVΛIA-ΔOMNA-dot-CEBA, Dr. bust right.
revers:- CEP-ΔΩN, Nemesis (??) holding scale and cornucopiae, wheel at feet.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 23-24mm, weight: 7,45g, axis: 7h,
mint: Thrace, Serdica, date: 170-217 A.D., ref: ??? Not listed ? !?
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
050_Iulia_Domna_(170-217_A_D_),_AE-20,_Thrace,_Serdica,_Altar,_Varbanov_1986,_Hristova___Jekov_12_17_47_2,_Q-001,_2h,18-20mm,_3,46g-s~0.jpg
Thrace, Serdica, 050 Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), Varbanov 1986, AE-20, CEPΔΩN, Serpent rising from altar,96 viewsThrace, Serdica, 050 Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), Varbanov 1986, AE-20, CEPΔΩN, Serpent rising from altar,
avers: IO ΔOM CEBAC, Draped bust right.
reverse: CEP ΔΩN, Serpent rising from altar, head right.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 18,0-20,0mm, weight: 3,46g, axis: 2h,
mint: Thrace, Serdica, date: 170-217 A.D., ref: Varbanov 1986., Hristova and Jekov 12.17.47.2,
Q-001
quadrans
Julia_Augusta_(Livia)__Augusta,_AD_14-29__Æ_Sestertius_(34mm,_25_80_g,_3h)__Rome_mint__Struck_under_Tiberius,_AD_22-23.jpg
Tiberius (Augustus) Coin: Brass Sestertius 6 viewsS P Q R IVLIAE AVGVST - Carpentum, ornamented with Victories and other figures, drawn right by two mules
TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST PM TR POT XXIIII - Legend surrounding large S C
Exergue:



Mint: Rome (22-23 AD)
Wt./Size/Axis: 25.80g / 34mm / 3h
Rarity: Scarce
References:
RIC I (second edition) Tiberius 51
C. 6
BMC Tiberius 76
CBN Tiberius 55
Provenances:
CNG
Acquisition/Sale: CNG Internet 433 #355

The Gary R. Wilson Collection

Commemorative struck for Livia, wife of Augustus, mother of Tiberius.

Julia Augusta Livia, the daughter of Marcus Livius Drusus Claudianus, was born on 30 January 58 BC.

In 42 BC, her father married her to Tiberius Claudius Nero. Her father committed suicide in the Battle of Philippi, but her husband continued fighting against Augustus, now on behalf of Mark Antony and his brother. In 40 BC, the family was forced to flee Italy.

A general amnesty was announced, and Livia returned to Rome, where she was personally introduced to Augustus in 39 BC. At this time, Livia already had a son, the future emperor Tiberius, and was pregnant with Drusus the Elder. Octavian fell in love with her, despite the fact that he was still married to Scribonia. Octavian divorced Scribonia in 39 BC and Tiberius Claudius Nero was forced to divorce Livia. Octavian and Livia married on 17th January. Her second child was born three days later.

Livia was an extremely intelligent woman who had a great influence on how Augustus ran the Roman Empire. From their surviving letters, it is clear that Augustus listened very carefully to what she had to say. Many Roman politicians resented Livia's political power and this is probably why Roman historians tend to say unpleasant things about her.

After her marriage to Augustus, Livia did not have any more children. Augustus chose Tiberius, Livia's son by her first marriage, to become the next emperor. As part of the deal, Tiberius had to marry Augustus' daughter Julia. Tiberius, who was already happily married, objected but eventually agreed to accept the orders of Augustus.

Augustus died in AD 14, (the month that he died, Sextilis, was then changed to August). Augustus was one of the most outstanding leaders the world has ever known. In the fifty years of his rule, he completely reformed the Roman Empire, and in doing so, made it so strong that the system he installed lasted for hundreds of years. Although he had taken much of their power away, the Senate recognised his greatness and within a month of his death declared him to be a god.

Livia died in AD 29.

S P Q R
IVLIAE
AVGVST

Translation: Senatus Populus Que Romanus Iuliae Augustae (The Senate and the Roman People to Julia Augusta)

TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST P M TR POT XXIIII
S C

Translation:
Tiberius Caesar Divi Fili Augustus Pontifex Maximus Tribunicia Potestate Vicesimum Quartum (Tiberius Caesar, Son of Divine Augustus, Greatest Pontiff invested with the Twenty-Fourth Tribunician Power)
Senatus Consulto (By Decree of the Senate)
Gary W2
lorica_keys_3.jpg
Turn Keys for Armour Plates158 viewsTwo types of turn keys for the chest plates of the famous Roman lorica segmentata armour. The two side plates of the chest armour were overlapped until the rectangular holes lined up, the key was then inserted through the two holes and turned locking the plates together. One key was used on the front of the chest and two on the back. Circa 125 to 225 AD. According the M.C. Bishop's Lorica Segmentata volume 1 these were used for Newstead type lorica segmentata circa 125 to 225 AD, Alba Iulia type lorica segmentata circa 200 to 225 AD, and "sports" parade armour. Examples are found in figures 6.11 and 7.4. The small key is an exact match for figure 6.11, Alba Iulia type. These examples came from near Carnuntum.otlichnik
julia_domna_388.jpg
Venus Genetrix237 viewsJulia Domna, died AD 217(?), wife of Septimius Severus
AR - Antoninianus, 4.89g, 21mm
Rome AD 216
obv.: IVLIA PIA - FELIX AVG
draped bust on crescent, diademed head r.
rev.: VENVS GENETRIX
Venus sitting l. on throne, holding long sceptre l. and extending r. hand
RIC IV/1, Caracalla 388(a); C.211; BMCR.434
Scarce; about VF

VENUS GENETRIX. After the defeat at the Trasumenian lake AD 217 under Q.Fabius Maximus begin of the mythos of the troian origin of the Romans as anti-karthag.-pro-greek propaganda. Getting political importness in the 1st century BC as Aeneadum Genetrix and so becoming mother of the Gens Iulia and the Roman People. V.Genetrix first used by Sulla, then at the height by Caesar, reflected in Vergil's Aeneis.
1 commentsJochen
victoria_Brescia.jpg
Victoria Brescia34 viewsStatue of Victoria Brescia (Italian: Vittoria alata = winged Victory), found behind the Capitoline Temple of Brescia in 1826, now in the Santa Giulia Museum in Brescia.

Roman copy of a statue of Aphrodite of the 3rd century BC from a Greek City State. Wings added in 1st century BC to transform her in a winged Victory holding a shield to write on it (name of Victor?). The original Aphrodite (type of the Venus of Capua) was holding the shield of Ares to look at her face reflected on the inside of the shield.

The type of the Victoria of Brescia can be found on many Roman coins and on Trajan's column.
Jochen
IuliaTiti-Denar-VENVS-RIC_IIn338.jpg
VII/a - IULIA TITI-a- Denar RIC II²[Titus]/38814 viewsAv) IVLIA AVGVSTA TITI AVGVSTI F
Drape bust right, hair in plaits behind

Rv) VENVS AVGVSTA
Venus leaning on column right, holding helmet and scepter

Weight::3,11g; Ø: 21mm; Reference: RIC II² [Titus]/388; ROME mint,
struck: 80A.D – 81 A.D.
sulcipius
Philippe Dacia.jpg
Viminacium (Kostolac) - As of Philip the Arab120 viewsIMP. M. IVL. PHILIPPVS AVG. , laureate, draped and cuirassed bust.
PROVINCIA DACIA / AN II , Dacia wearing phrygian cap seated left, holding scimitar, between an eagle with a vexillum inscribed V and a lion with a vexillum inscribed XIII.

These coins were minted for the Province of Dacia. The vexilla and emblems are those of Legio V Macedonica (base in Potaissa) and Legio XIII Gemina (base in Apulum (Alba Iulia)).
1 commentsGinolerhino
JuliaDomnaRICIV560.jpg
[1003c] Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D.25 viewsAR Denarius; RIC IV 560; 16.89 mm, 3.5 grams; AD 196-202; VF, Rome mint; Obverse: IVLIA AVGVSTA, Draped bust right; Reverse: IVNO REGINA, Juno standing left holding patera and sceptre, peacock at feet. A nice denarius on a smallish flan. Ex Ancient Imports.

De Imperatoribus Romanis, An On-Line Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Severan Julias (A.D. 193-235)

Herbert W. Benario
Emory University

Julia Domna was born about 170 A.D., in Emesa of Syria. She was the youngest daughter of Julius Bassianus, priest of the sun god Elagabal. As such, she was part of the local aristocracy from a plebian family. Having come to the attention of Severus because of her promising horoscope, he married her, probably in 187 A.D. She gave birth to their first child, Bassianus, the future emperor M. Aurelius Antoninus, known as Caracalla, on 4 April 188. About thirteen months later, she gave birth to a second son, Geta.

When Septimius Severus claimed the empire after Didius Julianus had succeeded Pertinax in 193 A.D., two serious rivals challenged him, Pescennius Niger in the East and Clodius Albinus in the West. Julia Domna accompanied her husband in the campaign against Pescennius, having been honored with the title mater castrorum. After this successful campaign, there was another campaign in the East, against the Parthians, in 197 A.D. She was widely honored with inscriptions throughout this period, and numerous coin issues emphasized her imperial position. Julia Domna was, perhaps, more influential in the political life of the empire than any of her imperial predecessors.

She opposed Plautianus, the praetorian prefect and father-in-law of Caracalla, and was partially responsible for his downfall and his daughter Plautilla's disgrace. She was often accused of adultery; nonetheless, the emperor chose to ignore these charges, if true, and the marriage continued.

Among her passions were literature and philosophy; she gathered writers and philosophers in a kind of salon (among whom was Galen of Pergamum), and urged Philostratus to write the life of Apollonius of Tyana.

She once again accompanied her husband, with the two sons present as well, on campaign, against the Britons in 208 A.D. When Severus died at York in early 211 A.D., she returned to Rome with Caracalla and Geta, having gained the full title of mater castrorum et senatus et patriae, with the frequent addition of et Augustorum. She persuaded the two sons to share the rule, as the emperor had wished on his deathbed, but, since the brothers hated each other, this arrangement was doomed to failure. In 212 A.D., Caracalla murdered Geta while he sought succor in his mother's arms; covered with his blood, she was forbidden by Caracalla to grieve.

Her relationship with Caracalla during the six years of his reign was mixed. She had some public duties but largely devoted herself to philosophy. She accompanied Caracalla to the east on campaign against the Parthians in 217 A.D. When she learned, in Antioch, that he had been assassinated, she resolved upon death, which followed her refusal to take food. Her remains were ultimately placed in Hadrian's Mausoleum, at the insistence of Maesa, her sister. She was deified, and was known as Diva Iulia Domna or Diva Iulia Augusta. She was worshipped in various parts of the empire with local titles, such as Dea Caelestis in Carthage and Venus Caelestis in Puteoli.

By Herbert W. Benario, Emory University
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

If you are interested in Julia Domna, visit Ernie Thompson’s site: The Life, Family and Coinage of Julia Domna (http://juliadomna.ancients.info/).
1 commentsCleisthenes
JuliaMamaeaRIC343.jpg
[1008a] Julia Mamaea, Augusta 13 March 222 - February or March 235 A.D.54 viewsSeverus Alexander for Julia Mamaea. 222-235 AD. AR Denarius, RIC 343; Cohen 35; BMC 43. 2.68 gm, 19mm; VF, Rome mint, 222. Obverse: IVLIA MAMAEA AVG; Draped bust to right; Reverse: IVNO CONSERVATRIX; Juno standing to left, holding patera and sceptre, at her feet a peacock. Toned. Ex Tom Vossen.

De Imperatoribus Romanis, An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Severan Julias (A.D. 193-235)

Herbert W. Benario
Emory University

Julia Mamaea
The younger daughter of Maesa, Mamaea had a happier, more successful, and lengthier life as imperial mother than her sister Soaemias. She married Gessius Marcianus, and in 208 bore him a son, Bassianus, later known as Alexander Severus. She was with her mother and sister in the East in 218 AD when her nephew, Elagabalus, was raised to the purple. Alexander was made Caesar in early 222 and soon thereafter became emperor, following the murder of his cousin and aunt. He was fourteen years old and much subject to the control of his grandmother and mother, who effectively governed the empire. After Maesa's death, Mamaea remained the dominant figure until her death.

She had seen to it that Alexander received a good education and, once emperor, chose a council of sixteen senators. Her imperial title was Iulia Augusta, mater Augusti nostri et castrorum et senatus et patriae, recalling the titulature of Julia Domna. Her position in the government was confirmed by the title consors imperii. She was charged with avaritia, but otherwise led a life free from scandal. She was recognized as religiosissima, having had conversation with Origen while in the East. She had accompanied Alexander thither on campaign against the Persians in 230/31. In 235, she was with him in Germany, at Mainz, when they were assassinated by the troops, with Maximinus Thrax chosen as successor. She suffered damnatio memoriae.


Copyright (C) 2001, Herbert W. Benario. Published on De Imperatoribus Romanis, An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors;http://www.roman-emperors.org/sevjulia.htm. Used by permission.

Julia Mamaea was the highly intelligent and capable mother of Severus Alexander. After the death of her mother Julia Maesa, Julia Mamaea was the power behind the throne and largely responsible for the impressive recovery of the Roman state that took place during her son's rule. Though popular with the population of the empire, the military was deeply offended at being controlled by a woman. In 235 A.D., Julia Mamaea and Severus Alexander were both murdered by mutinous soldiers led by the thug Maximinus I (Joseph Sermarini).

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
   
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