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Julia_Domna_Den_RIC_388c.jpg
24.5 Julia Domna12 viewsJULIA DOMNA
AR Denarius. (3.2g), 216 AD

IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG, draped bust right / VENVS GENETRIX, Venus seated left, extending right hand and holding sceptre in left.

RIC 388c [Caracalla], RSC 212, BMC 23B; VF
Ex. Ancient Roman Coins, Fort Collins, CO
Sosius
0112.jpg
0112 - Denarius Julia Domna 211-17 AC11 viewsObv/ Draped bust of J.D. r.
Rev/ VENVS GENETRIX, Venus seated l., extending r.h. and holding scepter in her l.

Ag, 19.2 mm, 3.15 g
Mint: Roma.
BMCRE V/26 RIC IV.1/388c [C]
ex-VEA, auction 6, lot 75
dafnis
0144.jpg
0144 - Antoninianus Julia Domna 211-17 AC17 viewsObv/ IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG, draped bust of J.D. r., crescent below.
Rev/ VENVS GENETRIX, Venus draped, seated l., r.h. extended and l.h. holding scepter.

Ag, 23.0 mm, 4.58 g
Mint: Roma.
BMCRE V/23A RIC IV.1/388a [S]
ex-J.B. Gonzlez Redondo (denarios.org), jul 2011
dafnis
magniaurbica.jpg
040. Magnia Urbica56 viewsMagnia Urbica. AE Antoninianus. Lugdunum mint.

Obv. Draped and diademed bust right on crescent MAGNIA VRBICA AVG.

Rev. Venus Genetrix standing left holding gapple and sceptre, shield at feet VENVS GENETRIX, D in left field.

RIC V pt. 2, 337.gVF, R2.

A coin ive been looking for for a long time, Magnia Urbica has by far the finest portraits of any post-Severan empress
LordBest
47c.jpg
047c Julia Domna. AR Antoninianus36 viewsobv: IVIA PIA FELEX AVG dia. and drp. bust r. set in cresent
rev: VENVS GENETRIX Venus std. l. extending r. hand and holding sceptre
1 commentshill132
Julia-Domna_AR-Antoninianvs_IVLIA-PIA-FELIX-AVG_VENVS-GENETRIX_Roma-RIC-IV-388A(Caracalla)_C-211_Q-001_0h_21,5-22mm_3,80g-s.jpg
050a Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), RIC IV-I 388A (Caracalla), Rome, AR-Antoninianus, VENVS GENETRIX, Venus seated left, 65 views050a Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), RIC IV-I 388A (Caracalla), Rome, AR-Antoninianus, VENVS GENETRIX, Venus seated left,
avers:- IVLIA-PIA-FELIX-AVG, Diademed and draped bust right on crescent.
revers:- VENVS-GENETRIX, Venus seated left, extending right hand and holding sceptre in left.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 21,5-22mm, weight: 3,80g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 216 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-388A (Caracalla), p-, C-211, BMCRE 22-23A (Caracalla),
Black toned coin like a "limes" coin .
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_388A(Car)_Julia-Domna_AR-Antoninianvs_IVLIA-PIA-FELIX-AVG_VENVS-GENETRIX_Roma-RIC-IV-388A(Caracalla)_C-211_Q-001_0h_21,5-22mm_3,80ga-s.jpg
050a Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), RIC IV-I 388A (Caracalla), Rome, AR-Antoninianus, VENVS GENETRIX, Venus seated left, 108 views050a Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), RIC IV-I 388A (Caracalla), Rome, AR-Antoninianus, VENVS GENETRIX, Venus seated left,
avers:- IVLIA-PIA-FELIX-AVG, Diademed and draped bust right on crescent.
revers:- VENVS-GENETRIX, Venus seated left, extending right hand and holding sceptre in left.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 21,5-22mm, weight: 3,80g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 216 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-388A (Caracalla), p-, C-211, BMCRE 22-23A (Caracalla),
Black toned coin like a "limes" coin .
Q-001
quadrans
Julia-Domna_AR-Antoninianvs_IVLIA-PIA-FELIX-AVG_VENVS-GENETRIX_Roma-RIC-IV-389A(Caracalla)_C-211_Q-002_1h_21-22mm_4,51g.jpg
050a Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), RIC IV-I 389A (Caracalla), Rome, AR-Antoninianus, VENVS GENETRIX, Venus seated left, Scarce!86 views050a Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), RIC IV-I 389A (Caracalla), Rome, AR-Antoninianus, VENVS GENETRIX, Venus seated left, Scarce!
avers: IVLIA-PIA-FELIX-AVG, Diademed and draped bust right on crescent.
revers: VENVS-GENETRIX, Venus seated left, holding sceptre and apple, Cupid standing right before.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 21,5-22mm, weight: 3,80g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 216 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-389A (Caracalla), p-274, C-204, (Caracalla), Scarce!
Q-001
quadrans
Iulia-Mamaea_AR-Den_IVLIA-MA-MAEA-AVG_VENVS-GE-N-ETRIX_RIC-355_C-72_Q-001_19-20mm_2_94g-s.jpg
064 Iulia Mamaea (190-235 A.D.), RIC IV-II 355, Rome, AR-Denarius, VENVS GENETRIX, Venus standing left, #170 views064 Iulia Mamaea (190-235 A.D.), RIC IV-II 355, Rome, AR-Denarius, VENVS GENETRIX, Venus standing left, #1
avers:-IVLIA-MA-MAEA-AVG, Diademed bust right, draped.
revers:-VENVS-GE-N-ETRIX, Venus standing left, holding helmet and scepter; Cupid to left.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 2,94g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 223 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-355, p-99, C-72,
Q-001
quadrans
Iulia-Mamaea_AR-Den_IVLIA-MA-MAEA-AVG_VENVS-G-E-N-ETRIX_RIC-355_C-72_Q-002_axis-6h_17-18mm_2,52g-s.jpg
064 Iulia Mamaea (190-235 A.D.), RIC IV-II 355, Rome, AR-Denarius, VENVS GENETRIX, Venus standing left, #2112 views064 Iulia Mamaea (190-235 A.D.), RIC IV-II 355, Rome, AR-Denarius, VENVS GENETRIX, Venus standing left, #2
avers:-IVLIA-MA-MAEA-AVG, Diademed bust right, draped.
revers:-VENVS-GE-N-ETRIX, Venus standing left, holding helmet and scepter; Cupid to left.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17-18mm, weight: 2,52g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 223 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-355, p-99, C-72,
Q-002
quadrans
Iulia-Mamaea_AR-Den_IVLIA-MA-MAEA-AVG_VENVS-G-E-NETRIX_RIC-355_C-72_Q-003_2h_19,5mm_3,05g-s.jpg
064 Iulia Mamaea (190-235 A.D.), RIC IV-II 355, Rome, AR-Denarius, VENVS GENETRIX, Venus standing left, #3124 views064 Iulia Mamaea (190-235 A.D.), RIC IV-II 355, Rome, AR-Denarius, VENVS GENETRIX, Venus standing left, #3
avers:-IVLIA-MA-MAEA-AVG, Diademed bust right, draped.
revers:-VENVS-G-E-NETRIX, Venus standing left, holding helmet and scepter; Cupid to left.
exerg: -/-//, diameter: 19,5mm, weight: 3,05g, axis: 2h,
mint: Rome, date: 223 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-355, p-99, C-72,
Q-003
quadrans
RI_065au_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna Antoninianus - RIC IV 381 [Caracalla]33 viewsObv: IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG, draped bust right, resting on a crescent
Rev: VENVS GENETRIX, Venus seated left holding branch & scepter
Minted in Rome.
Reference: RIC IV 381 [Caracalla]. RSC 111.
maridvnvm
RI_065a_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC 388c22 viewsObv: IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG, Draped bust facing right
Rev: VENVS GENETRIX, Venus seated left with scepter & right hand extended
Minted in Rome, A.D. 216
References: VM 51a, RIC 388c, RCV02 7106, RSC 212

A reasonable example of the older bust.
Martin Griffiths
RI_065b_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC 389 fouree16 viewsObv: IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG, Draped bust facing right
Rev: VENVS GENETRIX, Venus seated left with scepter & right hand extended, cupid at feet
Minted in Rome, A.D. 217
References: RIC 389 fouree
Martin Griffiths
RI 138b img.jpg
138 - Magnia Urbica - RIC 337 - (D | _)36 viewsAE Antoninianus.
Obv: MAGNIA VRBICA AVG, Draped bust right on crescent, hair brushed in straight lines, plait carried up the back to top of head and running under stephane
Rev: VENVS GENETRIX, Venus standing facing, head left, apple upward in right hand, vertical scepter in left
Minted in Lugdunum (D in left field).
RIC V pt. 2, 337. Bastien 617

Some areas flatly struck but still a quite pleasing example.
maridvnvm
RI 138a img.jpg
138 - Magnia Urbica - RIC 337 var - (A | _)41 viewsAE Antoninianus.
Obv: MAGNIA VRBICA AVG, Draped bust right on crescent, hair brushed in straight lines, plait carried up the back to top of head and running under stephane
Rev: VENVS GENETRIX, Venus standing facing, head left, apple upward in right hand, vertical scepter in left
Minted in Lugdunum (A in left field).
RIC V pt. 2, 337 var (not listed from this officina). Bastien -, Bastien Supplement -, Bastien Supplement II 613α (2 examples cited)
23mm, 3.16g
1 commentsmaridvnvm
coins123.JPG
202a. Plautilla60 viewsVenus

The Roman goddess of love and beauty, but originally a vegetation goddess and patroness of gardens and vineyards. Later, under Greek influence, she was equated with Aphrodite and assumed many of her aspects. Her cult originated from Ardea and Lavinium in Latium. The oldest temple known of Venus dates back to 293 BCE, and was inaugurated on August 18. Later, on this date the Vinalia Rustica was observed. A second festival, that of the Veneralia, was celebrated on April 1 in honor of Venus Verticordia, who later became the protector against vice. Her temple was built in 114 BCE. After the Roman defeat near Lake Trasum in 215 BCE, a temple was built on the Capitol for Venus Erycina. This temple was officially opened on April 23, and a festival, the Vinalia Priora, was instituted to celebrate the occasion.

Venus is the daughter of Jupiter, and some of her lovers include Mars and Vulcan, modeled on the affairs of Aphrodite. Venus' importance rose, and that of her cult, through the influence of several Roman political leaders. The dictator Sulla made her his patroness, and both Julius Caesar and the emperor Augustus named her the ancestor of their (Julian) family: the 'gens Julia' was Aeneas, son of Venus and the mortal Anchises. Ceasar introduced the cult of Venus Genetrix, the goddess of motherhood and marriage, and built a temple for her in 46 BCE. She was also honored in the temple of Mars Ultor. The last great temple of Venus was built by the emperor Hadrianus near the Colusseum in 135 CE.

Roman statues and portraits of Venus are usually identical to the Greek representations of Aphrodite.

AR Denarius. PLAVTILLA AVGVSTA, draped bust right / VENVS VICTRIX, Venus standing left holding apple & palm, leaning on shield, Cupid at her feet. RSC 25.
ecoli
rjb_2016_07_07.jpg
2197 viewsJulia Paula
Denarius
Obv:IVLIA PAVLA AVG
Draped bust right
Rev: VENVS GENETRIX
Venus enthroned left holding apple and sceptre
Rome mint
RIC 222
mauseus
J-Paula-RIC-222.jpg
23. J. Paula.21 viewsDenarius, 219 - 220 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IVLIA PAVLA AVG / Bust of Julia Paula.
Reverse: VENVS GENETRIX / Venus seated, holding globe and sceptre.
2.06 gm., 19 mm.
RIC #222; Sear #7658.
1 commentsCallimachus
Caesar~0.jpg
46-45 BC Gauis Julius Caesar90 viewsDiademed head of Venus right, small cupid at shoulder behind


CAESAR
trophy of Gallic arms between two seated male and female captives

Spain 46-45 BC

3.71g
Sear 1404

ex-Calgary coins

Minted for the Spanish campaign against the Pompey brothers, the obverse of this series is occupied by the head of Venus, ancestress of the Julia gens along with a small Cupid identifying her as Venus Genetrix. Caesar had recently dedicated a temple in the forum to her. The reverse revives the theme of victory in Gaul probably to remind his veteran legions of the glory and success in years past. These veterans who were overdue for discharge were now being called on to face the Pompeian threat for the third time in two and a half years.


SOLD Forum Auction May 2016
2 commentsJay GT4
auli~0.jpg
Augustus and Livia , Colonial Romula (Seville), Minted by Tiberus13 viewsAugustus and Livia, minted by Tiberius, 14 Aug 19 - 16 Mar 37 A.D.
This coin associates Livia with globe and crescent symbols and refers to her as Augusta Genetrix Orbis, Sacred Mother of the World. This extraordinary title was never official and is not used on any other coin type for any empress.
5474. Orichalcum dupondius, RPC I 73, Alverez Burgos 1587, aF, Colonia Romula mint, 25.1g, 33.4mm, 180, obverse PERM DIVI AVG COL ROM, Augustus radiate head right, star above, thunderbolt right; reverse IVLIA AVGVSTA GENETRIX ORBIS, Livia head left on globe, crescent above;
sold 4-2018
NORMAN K
Caesar_Lf.jpg
Caesar: Grandfather of Mark Antony 130 viewsCAESAR
Head of young Mars left wearing a crested helmet

Rev.
L IVLI L F
Venus Genetrix in Biga left drawn by two cupids, before them a lyre

Rome 103 BC

Sear 198

ex-Harlan J. Berk

Lucius Julius Caesar was Mark Antony's grandfather and Gaius Julius Caesar's cousin. He was moneyer in 103 BC and tried in vain to obtain the quaestorship. However he was praetor in 94 and then became the proconsul of Macedonia. Finally he gained the Consulship in 90 BC the same year his younger brother Gaius was aedile.

In 90 BC Lucius Julius Caesar as consul defeated the Samnites and proposed the Lex Julia which offered citizenship to all communities in Italy that were not in revolt. In the following year 89, the Lex Plautia Papiria extended citizenship to those who gave up the fight by a certain date. Lucius Julius Caesar was now made censor along with Publius Licinius Crassus (father of the triumvir). But it was a time of unrest.

In 87 Marius returned to Rome with Cinna and captured the city. Lucius and Gaius were killed during the fighting and according to Livy their heads were exposed on the speakers platform.
1 commentsTitus Pullo
trajse29.jpg
CAST COPY OF: Trajan, RIC 577, Sestertius of AD 107 (Octastyle temple flanked by porticoes)81 viewsCast copy of
Sestertius (26.4g, 33mm, 7h). Rome mint. Struck AD 107.
Obv/ IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P laureate bust of Trajan facing right.
Rev/ SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI [around] S C [in ex.], Octastyle temple with porticoes on either side with steps between them leading to the central temple; A seated cult figure in centre of the temple; tympanon with seated figure in the centre flanked by reclining figures; on the roof top a central figure flanked by winged Victories on the corners.
RIC 577 [R]; Cohen 549 (20 Fr.); BMC 863; Strack 393; Foss 102:44
(Netherlands, 2001)

In the absence of any specific reverse legend, it is difficult to know for sure which temple is depicted on this coin. According to Clive Foss (1990) it is the temple of Venus Genetrix of the Forum of Julius Caesar. Since the statue in the centre of the building appears to be that of Jupiter, most assume that it is the temple of Jupiter Victor. In that case, this issue could celebrate the restoration of that temple by Trajan which event was celebrated in conjunction with the tenth anniversary of his reign. Later this temple was rededicated to Divus Traianus, and later still by Elegabalus to Sol-Elagabal. Strack however carefully studied all evidence and examined the best preserved specimens of this and related issues and concludes that the best guess is that the central figure represents the Genius Augusti and that the temple is dedicated to Divus Nerva.
3 commentsCharles S
Faustina_II_67~0.jpg
Denar, RIC 3, p.272, 734 - Faustina II, Venus14 viewsFaustina Minor
AR-Denarius
Augusta AD 146 - winter 175/176
Obv.: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right, waved hair knotted behind, band of bearls
Rev.: VENVS GENETRIX, Venus standing left, holding Victory and leaning on figured shield with Dioscuri
Ag, 3.24g. 18m
Ref.: RIC III 734 var., RSC 280a

for the same type, but bust without band of pearls click here


1 commentsshanxi
Faustina_II_15~0.jpg
Denar, RIC 3, p.272, 734 - Faustina II, Venus22 viewsFaustina Minor
AR-Denarius
Augusta AD 146 - winter 175/176
Obv.: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right, waved hair knotted behind
Rev.: VENVS GENETRIX, Venus standing left, holding Victory and leaning on figured shield with Dioscuri, helmet below shield
Ag, 3.39g. 18.8mm
Ref.: RIC III 734, RSC 280a, CRE 227 [S]


for the same type, but bust with band of pearls click here


3 commentsshanxi
Livia_and_Augustus_Megaglion.JPG
DIVINE AUGUSTUS & LIVIA (by Tiberius). AE34 medallion? of Colonia Romula (Seville), RPC 73. Obverse: PERM. DIVI AVG. COL. ROM. Radiate head of Divus Augustus right; six-rayed star 21 viewsDIVINE AUGUSTUS & LIVIA (by Tiberius). AE34 medallion? of Colonia Romula (Seville), RPC 73. Obverse: PERM. DIVI AVG. COL. ROM. Radiate head of Divus Augustus right; six-rayed star above; thunderbolt before. Reverse: IVLIA AVGVSTA GENETRIX ORBIS. Head of Livia left on globe of the world; crescent moon above. RPC I, 73. SNG Copenhagen 421. F. Scarce. Livia, the mother of the emperor Tiberius, is honored as mother of the world by him on this exceptional coin.Antonivs Protti
EB0483_scaled.JPG
EB0483 Julia Domna / VENVS GENETRIX9 viewsJulia Domna, AR Antoninianus, 216 AD.
Obv: IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG, diademed and draped bust right on a crescent.
Rev: VENVS GENETRIX, Venus seated left, extending right hand and holding sceptre in left.
References: RIC IV 388A; RSC 211; Sear 7098.
Diameter: 23.5mm, Weight: 4.926 grams.
EB
EB0499_scaled.JPG
EB0499 Julia Paula / Venus6 viewsJulia Paula (wife of Elagabalus), AR Denarius, 219-220 AD.
Obv: IVLIA PAVLA AVG, draped bust right.
Rev: VENVS GENETRIX, Venus seated left, holding apple and sceptre.
References: RIC IV 222, RSC 21, BMC 323.
Diameter: 18.5mm, Weight: 2.603 grams.
EB
FaustinaII2.jpg
Faustina Jr Denarius21 viewsFaustina Jr AR Denarius
Obv: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, dr. bust right
Rev: VENVS GENETRIX, Venus stg. l., holding Victory and a shield adorned with images of the Dioscuri

RIC 735, C. 280
Tanit
Favjse17-2.jpg
Faustina Jr, RIC (A. Pius) 1367, sestertius of AD 16115 views Sestertius (26g, 31mm). Rome mint. Struck AD 156-161 (under Antoninus Pius).
Obv.: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, bust right draped.
Rev.: A[VGVSTI] PII FIL around, S C across field, Venus-Genetrix standing left, holding Victory and leaning on shield set on helmet.
RIC (A. Pius) 1367; BMCRE 2195; Cohen 16; Strack 1333; Banti 11 (2 spec.); Sear (Roman Coins and their Values II) 4709
Ex Pannonii (Slovenia, 2009).
Charles S
Julius_Caesar.jpg
Gaius Julius Caesar201 viewsFebruary-March 44 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.90 g, 5h). Rome mint. P. Sepullius Macer, moneyer. Laureate and veiled head right / Venus standing left, holding Victory and scepter; shield at base of scepter. Crawford 480/13; CRI 107d; Sydenham 1074; RSC 39. From the Jrg Mller Collection.

Alfldi arranges Crawford 480 series coins in (44 BC) month order as follows:

RRC 480/1, Buca - January
RRC 480/2, DICT QVART - early February
RRC 480/3/4/5, CAESAR IMP - late February
RRC 480/6/7/8/9/10/11/12/13/14, DICT PERPETVO - early to mid March
RRC 480/17/18, CAESAR IMPER - late March
RRC 480/19/20, PARENS PATRIAE - April
RRC 480/15/16, MARIDIANVS - April
RRC 480/21/22, CLEMENTIAE CAESARIS and Mark Antony - April

"Iconography, historical meaning:

The rev. can be understand easily: The Iulians ascribed their gens back to Aeneas who was the son of Venus (Aphrodite) and Anchises.Venus was the tutelary goddess of the gens Iulia and hence of Caesar. 46 BC Caesar has consecrated together with his new built forum also the temple of Venus Genetrix, the ancestress of his gens. On this denarius with Victory, spear and shield it is rather Venus Victrix.

The portrait on obv. is imposing by its realistic depiction. It was for the first time that a living ruler was pictured on a Roman coin. This too raised suspicion that Caesar - even if he wasn't acclaimed king - would behave as such.

Caesar's portrait attracts attention by the wreath he is wearing. It protrudes notable wide beyond his forehead. Furthermore it is padded and very ragged. This characteristic received too little attention until now. There is every indication that it is not a usual wreath but a corona graminea, a Grass or Blockade crown. This crown was dedicated by the army to that commander who has freed them from an encirclement and saved them from certain death. The crown was composed from flowers and tuft of grass which was plucked at the location of their liberation. This crown was regarded as the highest of all crowns! Pliny (nat. 22, 6) has known only of 8 persons with this honour:
1. Lucius Siccius Dentatus, tribunus plebis 454 BC
2. Publius Decius Mus, 343 BC, 1st Samnite War, dedicated even by 2 armies!
3. Marcus Calpurnius Flamma, 258 BC, at Carmina on Sicily
4. Quintus Fabius Maximus, after the departure of the Carthaginians from Italy, 203 BC
(dedicated by the Senate and the people of Rome, possibly posthumous)
5. Scipio Aemilianus Africanus
6. Gnaeus Petreius Atinas, centurio during the war against the Cimbri
7. Lucius Cornelius Sulla, during the Allied War at Nola 89 BC
8. Quintus Sertorius, 97 BC aa military tribune in Spain under Titu Ddius.
To Caesar and Augustus the crown was dedicated by the Senate!

The veil Caesar is wearing as Pontifex Maximus for lifetime.

DICTATOR PERPETVVS

During Republican times a dictator was designated when the state was in an emergency situation. His position was always temporally limited, yes, sometimes designated only for a single task. In the beginning Caesar too was dictator limited to 1 year and had to be designated again for the next year. Already 46 BC Caesar has been nominated dictator for 10 years but the title had to be renewed each year. So we know of coins with DICT, DICT ITER (= again, for the second time), IC TER (for the third time) and DICT QVART.

Since the proclamation as king has failed the title dictator disappeared from the denarii and were replaced by IMP. But soon behind Caesar's head appeares a star, a crescent, or Victory's spear stands on a star. These celestial signs - and that was understod by all - stand for divinity and should raise Caesar high above all Romans. Incompatible with the idea of a republican constituted Rome.

The point of culmination in this series is the legend DICT PERPETVO of this coin. Now the title of dictator was no more temporally limited but was valid like his office as Pontifex Maximus for all his life and it no more was necessary to confirm the title each year. That actually was a spectacular violation of the Roman constitution! The fact that he appeared at the Lupercalia on February 15. 44 BC in the ancient robe of kings strengthened the suspicion that he was looking for the kingship. In fact he has publicly
refused the royal crown that was offered to him by Marcus Antonius, but his authority to exert power was equal a king even without bearing the title of king. That was the most hateful title of the Roman Republic.

Now he has passed a line that his republican enimies couldn't tolerate any more if they still wanted to be taken seriously. So this coin actually led to his murder by the conspirators. So "The coin that kills Caesar" is by no means an exaggeration.

The planned Parthian War:

Caesar has planned a war against the Parthians. In March 44 BC he wanted to start for a campaign to the east. His assassination inhibited this intention. In science disputed are the goals which Caesar has had in mind with his war. They are reaching from a boundary adjustment, as Mommsen suggested, to world domination like Alexander the Great, as Plutarch is writing: According to him Caesar after the submission of the Parthians would go across Hyrcania at the Caspian Sea, then round the Black Sea via the Caucasus, invade the land of the Scyths, attack Germania and would finally return to Italy through the land of the Celts. In this way he would have conquered the world known to the Ancients and his limits were only the shores of the surrounding Okeanos.

Probably Sueton who was sitting directly at the sources was more realistic. And we know of the campaigns of Marcus Antonius and Augustus who surely have known Caesar's plans and have used them for their own purposes. It's clear that Caesar doesn't want to repeat the errors of Crassus who perished at Carrhae, and has tried to avoid he Parthian cavalry units. Therefore a route through Lesser Armenia is most probable. And there was hope that the Mesopotamian cities would raise against the Parthians. Caesar had gathered an army of 16(!) legions, a huge power that alone by its mere bigness would ensure the victory. Caesar was no gambler, rather a cautious and prudential commander.The famous "veni, vidi, vici" doesn't exist longer. What he actually had in mind we don't know. It's speculative. But there is every indication that it was a reorganisation of the east. And that rather by establishing client-kingdoms than creating new Roman provinces.

Probably the conspirators were afraid of Caesar's Parthian War, because a victory, which was possible or even probable, would have strengthen Caesar's position and has made him practically invulnerable." - Jochen
4 commentsNemonater
IulDomna-Antoninian-Venusgenetrix-RIC[Cara]388a.jpg
I/a - IULIA DOMNA -b-001 Antoninian RIC IV [Carac] /I/388a16 viewsAv) IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG
Diademed and draped bust right on a crescent

Rv) VENVS GENETRIX
Venus seated left, extending right hand & holding sceptre in left

Weight:4,5g, : 22mm; Reference.: RIC IV[Carac]/I/388a; ROME mint,
struck under Caracalla
sulcipius
IMG_3146wp.jpg
Italy, Rome, Temple of Venus Genetrix126 viewschurch of Santi Luca e Martina; curia; arch of Septimius Severus
... I think so many different types of building in the one picture you can find only in Rome.
Johny SYSEL
Italy- Forum Romanum- Part of the Forum of Caesar 0.jpg
Italy- Forum Romanum- Part of the Forum of Caesar 059 viewsThe Forum of Caesar, in addition to being one of the most evident monuments of self-representation of political power, was constructed as an extension to the Roman Forum. Caesar himself behaved like a greco-oriental sovereign, escorted by a procession of elephants and, against every republican norm, once received the Senate sitting in the center of the temple. The dictator also had placed in front the temple a statue of himself riding Bucefalo, the celebrated horse of Alexander the Great and symbol of absolute power. The Temple of Venus Genetrix, intentionally placed at the end of the piazza was the unifying and conclusive element to the architectural complex. This strict centralized vision corresponded to the ideological function, following the propaganda of the Hellenistic sanctuaries.
The choice of the Forum site is also significant: the future dictator didn't want to be far from the central power, represented in the Curia, seat of the Senate. In fact, not long before Caesar's death, the Senate agreed to reconstruct the Curia on the site.
John Schou
Italy- Forum Romanum- Part of the Forum of Caesar 1.jpg
Italy- Forum Romanum- Part of the Forum of Caesar 152 viewsThe Forum of Caesar, in addition to being one of the most evident monuments of self-representation of political power, was constructed as an extension to the Roman Forum. Caesar himself behaved like a greco-oriental sovereign, escorted by a procession of elephants and, against every republican norm, once received the Senate sitting in the center of the temple. The dictator also had placed in front the temple a statue of himself riding Bucefalo, the celebrated horse of Alexander the Great and symbol of absolute power. The Temple of Venus Genetrix, intentionally placed at the end of the piazza was the unifying and conclusive element to the architectural complex. This strict centralized vision corresponded to the ideological function, following the propaganda of the Hellenistic sanctuaries.
The choice of the Forum site is also significant: the future dictator didn't want to be far from the central power, represented in the Curia, seat of the Senate. In fact, not long before Caesar's death, the Senate agreed to reconstruct the Curia on the site.
John Schou
Italy- Forum Romanum- Part of the Forum of Caesar and a statue of Ceasar.jpg
Italy- Forum Romanum- Part of the Forum of Caesar and a statue of Ceasar83 viewsThe Forum of Caesar, in addition to being one of the most evident monuments of self-representation of political power, was constructed as an extension to the Roman Forum. Caesar himself behaved like a greco-oriental sovereign, escorted by a procession of elephants and, against every republican norm, once received the Senate sitting in the center of the temple. The dictator also had placed in front the temple a statue of himself riding Bucefalo, the celebrated horse of Alexander the Great and symbol of absolute power. The Temple of Venus Genetrix, intentionally placed at the end of the piazza was the unifying and conclusive element to the architectural complex. This strict centralized vision corresponded to the ideological function, following the propaganda of the Hellenistic sanctuaries.
The choice of the Forum site is also significant: the future dictator didn't want to be far from the central power, represented in the Curia, seat of the Senate. In fact, not long before Caesar's death, the Senate agreed to reconstruct the Curia on the site.
John Schou
Iulia-Mamaea_AR-Den_IVLIA-MA-MAEA-AVG_VENVS-GE-N-ETRIX_RIC-355_C-72_Q-001_19-20mm_2_94g-s~0.jpg
Iulia Mamaea, AR-Denarius, VENVS GENETRIX, 191 viewsIulia Mamaea, AR-Denarius,
avers:-IVLIA-MA-MAEA-AVG,
revers:-VENVS-GE-N-ETRIX,
diameter: 19-20mm
weight: 2,94g
mint:
date:
ref: RIC-355, C-72,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
JulDomVenG.JPG
Julia Domna93 viewsIVLIA PIA FELIX AVG
VENVS GENETRIX
RIC 388c, C 212, BMC 23B
Rome, 216 AD
1 commentswhitetd49
Julia_Domna_RIC_388a.jpg
Julia Domna30 viewsAntoninianus ( 5.20g - 20mm)
obv. IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG
Diademed and draped bust right, set on crescent.
rev. VENVS GENETRIX.
Venus seated left with sceptre
RIC 388a
HG
domant1.jpg
Julia Domna (193 - 217 A.D.)30 viewsAR Antoninianus
O: IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG, Diademed and draped bust right, resting on crescent.
R: VENVS GENETRIX, Venus seated left holding hand out, and scepter.
Rome
4.5g
23mm
RIC 388a, RSC 206a
1 commentsMat
Julia_Domna_RIC388c.jpg
Julia Domna - Denarius - RIC 388c10 viewsObv: IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG, draped bust right
Rev: VENVS GENETRIX, Venus seated left, extending right hand and holding sceptre in left
Mint: Rome
Date: 216 AD
Ref: RIC IV 388c (Caracalla), RSC 212, BMC 23B
vs1969
venvs_genetrix_fac.jpg
Julia Domna - Denarius - VENVS GENETRIX19 viewsJulia Domna
Denarius
216 A.D.
Rome
Av.: IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG / draped bust right
Rev.: VENVS GENETRIX / Venus seated left, extending right hand and holding scepter in her left
2,31 Gr., 6 h die axis
RIC 388(c), Coh. 212
1 commentsnummis durensis
jula2.jpg
Julia Domna 193-211 denarius24 viewsOb. IULIA PIA FELIX AVG Diademed & draped bust
Rev. VENVS GENETRIX Venus seated left, extending right hand & holding scepter in left
Ref. RIC 388c [Caracalla], RSC 212, BMC 23B

-:Bacchus:-
Bacchus
domnaAs.jpg
Julia Domna AE As 211-217 AD21 viewsObverse: Draped and Diademed bust right: JVLIA PIA FELIX AVG
Reverse: Venus seated left with extended left hand and scepter: VENUS GENETRIX, SC in Exergue below

Diam 26 mm, Wt 10.9 gm RIC 605
daverino
scan0003~0.jpg
Julia Domna Antoninianus59 viewsOBV; IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG.
REV; VENVS GENETRIX
Venus seated left., exstending right hand and holding sceptre in left.
R.I.C. 388a R.S.C 211.
3 commentsnigel nicholson
JDomna_1b.jpg
Julia Domna antoninianus45 viewsVENVS GENETRIX
wife of Septimius Severus
1 commentsTibsi
domna_ant_vengen.jpg
Julia Domna AR Antoninianus80 viewsJulia Domna (Augusta)
AR Antoninianus 4.36g / 25mm / -
Ob: IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG - Draped and diademed bust r., on crescent.
Rv: VENVS GENETRIX - Venus seated l., extending r. hand and holding sceptre.
Mint: Rome (211-217)
Ref: RIC IV 388a; RSC III 211
Scotvs Capitis
a21a.jpg
Julia Domna denarius97 viewsJulia Domna AD 193-217 Silver Denarius
Obv: IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG - Bareheaded bust right, draped.
Rev: VENVS GENETRIX - Venus seated left, holding hand out and scepter.
Rome mint: AD 216 = RIC IVi, 388c, page 274 - Cohen 212 SEAR RCV II (2002), #7106, page 555
2 commentsNico
lg_domna_limes.jpg
Julia Domna Fourée (limes) denarius34 viewsJulia Domna (Augusta)
AE Denarius (Foure)
IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG - Draped bust right
VENVS GENETRIX - Venus seated left, extending right hand and holding sceptre in left
Mint: (211-217 AD)
References: after RIC 388c; after Cohen 212
Scotvs Capitis
julia_domna_388~0.jpg
Julia Domna RIC IV, 388(a)33 viewsJulia Domna, died AD 217(?), wife of Septimius Severus
AR - Antoninianus, 4.89g, 21mm
Rome AD 216
obv.: IVLIA PIA - FELIX AVG
draped bust on crescent, diademed head r.
rev.: VENVS GENETRIX
Venus sitting l. on throne, holding long sceptre l. and extending r. hand
RIC IV/1, Caracalla 388(a); C.211; BMCR.434
Scarce; about VF
Jochen
Julia Domna.jpg
Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D.24 viewsSilver denarius, RIC Caracalla 388c, RSC 212, S -, F, frosty, 2.979g, 19.0mm, 180o, Rome mint, 211 - 217 A.D.; obverse IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG, diademed, draped bust right; reverse VENVS GENETRIX, Venus seated left holding scepter and apple, Cupid at feet leftMarjan E
6035_6036.jpg
Julia Domna, Denarius, VENVS GENETRIX9 viewsAR Denarius
Julia Domna
Born ca.: 170AD - Died: 217AD
Augusta: 193 - 217AD
Issued: 215 - 217AD
20.0 x 19.0mm 3.36gr 1h
O: IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG; Draped bust, right.
R: VENVS GENETRIX; Venus seated left on throne, holding scepter and apple, at feet to left, Cupid, standing right, with hands raised.
Rome Mint
RIC Caracalla 389; RSC 205; Sear (2000) 7099.
Aorta: 212: B6, O6, R100, T113, M4.
gVF
Naville Numismatics Auction 37, Lot 627.
1/28/18 2/9/18
Nicholas Z
julia030806.jpg
Julia Domna, Venus46 viewsJulia Domna

IVLIA PIA-FELIX AVG
draped bust right

VENVS GENETRIX
Venus seated left, holding apple and sceptre; cupid to left

Ar Denarius 17-20mm; 3.01g
RIC 389b, S 7107, C 205 (yr 217 Rome)
1 commentsarizonarobin
jd090508b.jpg
Julia Domna, VENVS GENETRIX41 viewsJulia Domna,
Ar Antoninianus; 4.99g; 23mm

IVLIA PIA - FELIX AVG
Diademed draped bust right on crescent

VENVS GENETRIX
Venus seated left, holding sceptre

RIC 388a
arizonarobin
JulMamVenGen.JPG
Julia Mamaea59 viewsIVLIA MAMAEA AVG
VENVS GENETRIX
RIC 355, BMC 152, C 72
Rome
whitetd49
Julia_Mamaea_RIC_355_bearbeitet-1.jpg
Julia Mamaea 38 viewsDenarius (2,1g - 19mm)
obv. IVLIA MAMAEA AVG
Diademed, draped, bust right
rev. VENVS GENETRIX
Venus standing left holding apple and sceptre, cupid at feet
mint Rome
Struck AD 223
RIC 355
Holger G
mam.jpg
Julia Mamaea (222 - 235 A.D.)55 viewsAR Denarius
O: IVLIA MAMAEA AVG, Diademed and draped bust right.
R:VENVS GENETRIX, Venus standing left, head left, holding scepter and apple; at feet to left, Cupid standing right with hands raised.
Rome
3.6g
20mm
RIC 355 (Severus Alexander), RSC 072
4 commentsMat
julia-mamaea-reshoot.jpg
Julia Mamaea (222-235 AD) AR Denarius24 viewsRoman Imperial, Julia Mamaea (222-235 AD) AR Denarius, 1.5g, 19mm

Obverse: IVLIA MAMAEA AVG, Diademed, draped, bust right.

Reverse: VENVS GENETRIX, Venus standing left holding apple and sceptre, cupid at feet.

Reference: RIC 355, RSC 72.

Ex: Octavian Coins
Gil-galad
juliapaula_venus_genetrix.jpg
Julia_Paula_Denar_VENVS_GENETRIX4 viewsNumis-Student
02917p00a.jpg
Julius Caesar81 viewsDenarius
OV: Laureate head of Julius Caesar to right
Leg: -
RV: Venus Genetrix as Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus in outstretched right hand and long scepter in left
Leg: L FLAMIN IIII VIR
Ex: -
Rome
RSC 26 / Sydenham 1089
5 commentsJulianus of Pannonia
AR 59 D.jpg
L. Julius L.f. Caesar29 viewsL. Julius L.f. Caesar (c. B.C. 103)
Head of Mars left, CAESAR behind, letter or letter and dots above.
Rev: Venus Genetrix in biga left, drawn by two cupids, before them lyre, same letter above, in ex. L. IVLI. L. F.
1 commentsTanit
86.jpg
L. Julius L.f. Caesar22 viewsAR denarius.

CAESAR, head of Mars left, wearing crested helmet with side-feather; above head, Я with one dot / Venus Genetrix in chariot drawn by two Cupids left; she holds sceptre; on left, in field, lyre; Я with one dot above; L. IVLI. L.F. in exergue. Rome mint, struck c. 94 BC.

Crawford (RRC), 320/1; Sydenham (CRR), 593a; RSC Julia, 004a; RCTV, 198.
socalcoins
L__Julius_L_f__Caesar.JPG
L. Julius L.f. Caesar Julia-4a61 viewsROMAN REPUBLIC L. Julius L.f. Caesar. 103 BC. AR Denarius (16mm - 3.87 g). Rome mint. CAESAR, helmeted head of Mars left; L (retrograde) above head / Venus Genetrix in biga left, drawn by two Cupids; lyre before them, L (retrograde) above; L. IVLI. L.F. in exergue. Crawford 320/1; Sydenham 593a; Julia 4a; RCV 1983 commentsBud Stewart
cesarcupido2.jpg
L.IULIUS27 viewsAR denarius. 103 BC 3,87 grs. Helmeted head of Mars left, CAESAR behind / Venus Genetrix in biga of Cupids left, holding sceptre and reins. S above, lyre below. In exergue L IVLI L F
Cr. 320/1. RSC Julia 4.
1 commentsbenito
auli.jpg
Livia and Augustus, Colonial Romula (Seville), Minted by Tiberus12 viewsAugustus and Livia, minted by Tiberius, 14 Aug 19 - 16 Mar 37 A.D.
This coin associates Livia with globe and crescent symbols and refers to her as Augusta Genetrix Orbis, Sacred Mother of the World. This extraordinary title was never official and is not used on any other coin type for any empress.
5474. Orichalcum dupondius, RPC I 73, Alverez Burgos 1587, aF, Colonia Romula mint, 25.1g, 33.4mm, 180, obverse PERM DIVI AVG COL ROM, Augustus radiate head right, star above, thunderbolt right; reverse IVLIA AVGVSTA GENETRIX ORBIS, Livia head left on globe, crescent above;
NORMAN K
AUG-1.jpg
Livia, wife of Augustus. Augusta 14-29 CE.174 viewsSpain, Hispalis. (31mm, 21.48 g).
Minted in Colonia Romula (modern Seville) under Tiberius.
Obv: PERM DIVI AVG COL ROM, Radiate head of Augustus right; thunderbolt before, star above.
Rev: IVLIA AVGVSTA GENETRIX ORBIS, Head of Livia left; globe beneath, crescent above.
RPC 73; SGI 189; Heiss 393,2; Cohen 169,3; Alvarez Burgos 1587.

This coin associates Livia with globe and crescent symbols and refers to her as Augusta Genetrix Orbis, Sacred Mother of the World. This extraordinary title was never official and is not used on any other coin type for any empress.
EmpressCollector
Lucilla_RIC_III_1778.jpg
Lucilla, AE Sestertius, RIC III 177868 viewsLucilla
Augusta, 164 - 169 A.D.

Coin: AE Sestertius

Obverse: LVCILLA - AVGVSTA, draped bust facing right.
Reverse: VENVS GENETRIX, Venus, seated to the left, holding an Apple with her right hand over Cupid,who raises his hands to it, to the left and holding a Sceptre with her left hand. S - C across the fields.

Weight: 18.49 g, Diameter: 27.6 x 27.6 x 3.4 mm, Die axis: 340, Mint: Rome, struck between 164 - 169 A.D, Reference: RIC III 1778
Masis
00338-MagniaUrbica.JPG
Magnia Urbica 34 viewsMagnia Urbica Antoninians
23 mm 4.19 gm
O: MAGNIA VRBICA AVG
Diademed and draped bust right, resting on a crescent
R: VENVS GENETRIX
Venus standing left, holding helmet and scepter, shield at her feet; SXXIT in exergue.
3 commentsKoffy
Cordius_Rufus_Cr463.1a.jpg
Mn. Cordius Rufus, Crawford 463/1a60 viewsMn. Cordius Rufus, gens Cordia
AR - Denar, 19.5mm, 3.92g
Rome, 46 BC
obv. Conjugated busts of the Dioscuri, wearing laureate pilei, stars above
RVFVS III.VIR behind
rev. Venus Verticordia, stg. l., holding scales and transverse sceptre: Cupido on her
l. shoulder.
MN.CORDIVS in r. field (MN ligate)
Crawford 463/1a; Sydenham 976; Cordia 2
about VF
ex Harlan J. Berk
From Forum Ancient Coins, thanks!

The Cordia family home, Tusculum, was a center of worship for the Dioscuri twelve miles from Rome. The reverse is a clever play on the moneyer's name and may also compliment Julius Caesar who claimed direct descent from Venus. The particular design of Venus may derive from a statue placed in the temple of Venus Genetrix in the year of issue (FAC).
For more informations look at the thread 'Mythological interesting coins'!
Jochen
RIC 388C Julia Domna.jpg
RIC 388C Julia Domna Denarius Venus.52 viewsRome mint, 211-217. Under Caracalla.
Obv. Draped bust right IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG
Rev. Venus seated left VENVS GENETRIX
RIC 388C, RSC 212
LordBest
Julia_Paula_2.jpg
RIC 4b, p.046, 222 - Julia Paula, VENVS GENETRIX29 viewsJulia Paula (219-220)
AR Denar, Rome
Obv.: IVLIA PAVLA AVG, Draped bust right.
Rev.: VENVS GE ETRIX (N missing) , Venus seated left with apple and sceptre.
Ag, 3.09g, 18.4mm
Ref.: RIC 222
Ex Gitbud&Naumann
shanxi
elag145.jpg
Roman Empire, Elagabalus, denarius, 'mule'/error329 viewsElagabalus --AR Denarius. R: VENUS GENETRIX, Libertas seated left. Unusual type with reverse legend for Paula (Venus) but Libertas seated. NISC.1 commentsfeatherz
8608LG.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Julia Domna, AR Denarius36 viewsAttribution: RIC 388c (RIC IV, Part I)
Date: struck 211-217 at Rome

Obverse: IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG - Draped bust of Julia Domna facing right with hair elaborately waved in ridges and turned up low at the back
Reverse: VENVS GENETRIX - Venus seated left, extending right hand and holding sceptre

Size: 19.8mm
Weight: 2.64 grams
AnemicOak
Julia Mamaea Denarius Venus Genetrix.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Julia Mamaea, AR denarius166 viewsObverse: IVLIA MAMAEA AVG. Diademed and draped bust right.
Reverse: VENVS GENETRIX. Venus standing facing left, holding apple and sceptre.
RIC IVii 355 (Severus Alexander); C 72.
Optimus
bpS1I1JulPaula.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Julia Paula41 viewsObv: IVLIA PAVLA AVG
Bare headed and draped bust, right.
Rev: VENVS GENETRIX
Venus seated left, holding globe and scepter.
Denarius, 2.7 gm, 19.16 mm, Rome RIC 222
Comment: Elagab's first wife and fortunate to have survived it.
Massanutten
RI 138a img~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Magnia Urbica - RIC 337 var - (A | _)204 viewsAE Antoninianus.
Obv: MAGNIA VRBICA AVG, Draped bust right on crescent, hair brushed in straight lines, plait carried up the back to top of head and running under stephane
Rev: VENVS GENETRIX, Venus standing facing, head left, apple upward in right hand, vertical scepter in left
Minted in Lugdunum (A in left field).
RIC V pt. 2, 337 var (not listed from this officina). Bastien -, Bastien Supplement -, Bastien Supplement II 613α (2 examples cited)
23mm, 3.16g
5 commentsmaridvnvm
Mamaea3.jpg
Roman Julia Mamaea denarius23 viewsJulia Mamaea denarius.
Obv: IVLIA MAMAEA AVG, Diademed, draped, bust right
Rev: VENVS GENETRIX, Venus standing left holding apple and sceptre, cupid at feet.

RIC 355 , RSC 72.

1 commentsTanit
Paula1.jpg
Roman Julia Paula Denarius40 viewsJulia Paula Denarius. 219 AD.
Obv: IVLIA PAVLA AVG, draped bust right
Rev: VENVS GENETRIX, Venus seated left, holding apple & scepter.

RIC 222 , RSC 21.
1 commentsTanit
coin013.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, L. Julius L.f. Caesar - Mars & Venus - 103BC - AR Denarius46 viewsObv: Head of Mars l.; on r., CAESAR; above head, P . .
Rev: Venus Genetrix in chariot drawn by two cupids; on l., in field, lyre; in ex., L. IVLI LF; above P . .
3.93g - 15mm - s.198
3 commentsjerseyjohnjames
salonina-1-reshoot.jpg
Salonina AE Antoninianus. Rome, 253-268 AD18 viewsRoman Imperial, Salonina AE Antoninianus, Rome mint, (253-268 AD), 2.3g, 19mm

Obverse: SALONINA AVG, Diademed draped bust right on crescent.

Reverse: VENVS GENETRIX, Venus standing left, holding helmet and sceptre, Cupid at her feet.

Reference: RIC V-1 30, RSC 121a; Sear5 10657.

Ex: Octavian Coins
Gil-galad
Salonina3_opt.jpg
SALONINA Antoninianus, RIC 30, Venus11 viewsOBV: SALONINA AVG, diademed draped bust right on crescent
REV: VENVS GENETRIX, Venus standing left, holding apple and sceptre, Cupid at her feet, VI in field


Minted at Rome, 360-68 AD
Legatus
venus_genetrix.jpg
Silver denarius of Julia Domna 211 - 217 A.D40 views20772.









Obverse: Julia Domna diademed, draped bust rightV LIA PIA FELIX AVG
Reverse: Venus seated left holding scepter and apple, Cupid at feet left VENVS GENETRIX
2.979g, 19.0mm
Rome mint, 211 - 217 A.D
RIC IV Caracalla 388c, RSC III 212, F
Marjan E
Trajse36.jpg
TEMPLE, TRAJAN, Sestertius.145 viewsOrichalcum sestertius (27,22g). Rome mint. Struck AD 105-107.
IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P laureate head of Trajan facing right.
S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI [/] S C Octastyle tempel with, on the pediment, a central figure seated facing flanked by two reclining figures; on roof, five statues; between columns, a figure on pedestal, naked to the waist, standing facing holding a long sceptre or spear, r. and a cornucopiae l..
RIC 575 (rare); Cohen 552; BMC 859; Foss (Roman Historic Coins) 103:43
ex Gorny & Mosch auction 170

Due to the lack of any specific legend on the reverse, there has been a lot of speculation as to which temple might be depicted here. Some argue the temple to be that of Honos which had been restored by Trajan a few years earlier. Others argue that it is the temple of Jupiter (later rededicated to Divus Traianus) also restored by Trajan. According to others still, it is the temple of Venus Genetrix as the pose of central figure resembles to statues of this divinity. Still others see Pax in the central figure and the temple is to be sought in the provinces. The central figure could well be Honos (compare with the left figure of the illustration in Numiswiki of HONOS ET VIRTUS).
1 commentsCharles S
Trajse36~0.jpg
Trajan, RIC 575, Sestertius of AD 105-107 (Octastyle temple)48 views Sestertius (27,22g, 34mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 105-107.
Obv/ IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P laureate head of Trajan facing right, aegis on shoulder.
Rev/ S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI (around) S C (below), Octastyle tempel with, on the pediment, a central figure seated facing flanked by two reclining figures; on roof, five statues; between columns, a figure on pedestal, naked to the waist, standing facing holding a long sceptre or spear, r. and a cornucopiae l..
RIC 575 (R); Cohen 552; BMC 857; Strack 392; MIR 302 (bust type cC, 13 examples); Banti 292 (4 spec.); RHC 103:43
ex Gorny & Mosch auction 170

Due to the lack of any specific legend on the reverse, there has been a lot of speculation as to which temple might be depicted here. Although some references seem to indicate with certainty which temple is represented, the truth is that nobody knows and we probably will never know for sure. Some argue the temple to be that of Honos, restaured by Trajan a few years earlier. Others argue that it is the temple of Jupiter (later rededicated to Divus Traianus), restaured by Trajan. According to others still, it is the temple of Venus Genetrix as the pose of central figure ressembles to statues of this divinity. Still others see Pax in the central figure and the temple is to be sought in the provinces.

On first sight, the central figure could be Honos (compare with the left figure of the illustration in Numiswiki of HONOS ET VIRTUS). However, Strack remarks that the standing position differs from all other representations of Honos, but is identical with some representations of Genius (compare issues of Antoninus Pius, e.g. RIC 70, 661, 682). Since no temples are known to have been built by Trajan, but a temple must have been dedicated to Divus Nerva around the time of this issue, this is probably the temple represented on this coin and the statue is that of the Genius of Divus Nerva. This would explain the important size of several issues with this temple in different varieties.
Charles S
trajas11-2.jpg
Trajan, RIC 575a, As of AD 10647 views As (10.1g, 29mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 106.
Obv.: IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PM TR P COS V P P, laureate head of Trajan facing right.
Rev.: SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI (around), S C (below), octastyle temple, statue standing between columns.
RIC 575a (S); BMC 955; Cohen 553; Sear 2000 (RCV) 3236; Foss (RHC) 102:43
ex CNG auction

According to some, this was issued on the occasion of the tenth anniversary of the reign with celebration of temples which Trajan had restored. In fact it is unknown. The temple which is represented here has been a source of many speculations: Honos, Jupiter Victor, Pax and Venus Genetrix have all been proposed. Strack has many convincing arguments that the statue represents Genius and the temple is the one that Trajan dedicated to Divus Nerva.
1 commentsCharles S
Trajse53c.jpg
Trajan, RIC 577, Sestertius of AD 103-4 (Octastyle temple w. portico)19 views Sestertius (25.89g, 33mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 103-4.
IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P, laureate head of Trajan right
Rev. SPQROPTIMO PRINCIPI (around,) S C (in field below steps, l. & r. of altar), Octastyle temple on podium with steps with portico on either side, cult statue seated on pedestal in centre between the columns; architrave and roof adorned with figures; in front an altar adorned with guirlands
RIC 577 var. (without altar in front); Cohen 549 (one entry with or without altar); Strack 394; Banti 287/288; MIR 253 and pl. 50 (5 spec.); RCV 3210 var. (without altar in front); RHC 102:44; van Meter: 54/16.

Ex Soler y Llach auction 1083 (2014).

According to P. Hill, this is the temple of Jupiter Victor at the north-eastern corner of the Palatine. It was erected by Quintus Fabius around 295 BC. It was reconstructed by Domitian after it was destroyed by fire in AD 80 and rededicated by Trajan in 113. Strack believes it is most likely the temple of Divus Nervae. According to others (eg.. Clive Foss; David van Meter) it represents the temple of Venus Genetrix of the Forum of Julius Caesar with the fountain of Appiades in front. Woytek (2010) however concurs with Hill and tentatively identifies it as the temple of Jupiter Victor.
Charles S
julia_domna_388.jpg
Venus Genetrix226 viewsJulia Domna, died AD 217(?), wife of Septimius Severus
AR - Antoninianus, 4.89g, 21mm
Rome AD 216
obv.: IVLIA PIA - FELIX AVG
draped bust on crescent, diademed head r.
rev.: VENVS GENETRIX
Venus sitting l. on throne, holding long sceptre l. and extending r. hand
RIC IV/1, Caracalla 388(a); C.211; BMCR.434
Scarce; about VF

VENUS GENETRIX. After the defeat at the Trasumenian lake AD 217 under Q.Fabius Maximus begin of the mythos of the troian origin of the Romans as anti-karthag.-pro-greek propaganda. Getting political importness in the 1st century BC as Aeneadum Genetrix and so becoming mother of the Gens Iulia and the Roman People. V.Genetrix first used by Sulla, then at the height by Caesar, reflected in Vergil's Aeneis.
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plautilla_369~0.jpg
Venus Victrix260 viewsPlautilla, killed 212, wife of Caracalla
AR - Denar, 3.6g, 18mm
Rome AD 204(?), struck under Septimius Severus
obv. PLAVTILLA - AVGVSTA
draped bust, bare head r.
rev. VENVS VICTRIX
Venus bare to waist, standing l., holding apple and palmbranch, and
resting left elbow on shield; at her feet l., Cupido, holding helmet
RIC IV/1, 369; C.25; BMCR. 429
Scarce; about VF

VENUS VICTRIX, the victorious Venus. It was first Sulla who in a dream saw Venus with the weapons of Mars as Venus Victrix and made her to his personal patroness. Pompeius then was inaugurating the cult of Venus Victrix in Rome. In the night before the battle of Pharsalus 48 BC Pompeius was dreaming of Venus Victrix - seemingly a lucky sign -, whereas Caesar was sacrifying to Venus Genetrix, but issued as watchword 'Venus Victrix', and defeated Pompeius!
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