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Last additions - Roman Coins
Philippi_3-Standards_2b.jpg
Victory | Three Military Standards, COHOR PRAE PHIL * Philippi, Macedonia, Æ19 - 27 B.C. - 14 A.D.287 views
Victory | Three Military Standards * Philippi Commemorative

Obv: Victory, striding left, holding frond in left hand over left shoulder, closed laurel wreath in outstretched right hand: VIC AV[G]
Rev: Three Military Standards: COHOR PRAE PHIL (to left, right and exergue, repectively).

Exergue: PHIL

Mint: Philippi (Mint moving with Octavian and/or Antonius?).
Struck: 27 B.C. - 14 A.D.
*(See note below regarding dating)

Size: 19.245 mm.
Weight: 4.31 grm.
Die axis: 180

Condition: Quite fine, considerably better in hand than my best photos can portray.

Refs:*
S 521
BMC 23
RPC 1651
Vagi / CHRE 347

COHOR PRAE PHIL - '(Honoring) the Praetorian Guard of Philippi.'

* This issue may date rather to the reign of Claudius or Nero.
1 commentsTiathenaApr 17, 2007
VRBS_Roma_3a.jpg
Roma | She-wolf with Legendary twins * VRBS ROMA * Thessalonica, Æ3 Follis - 4th C. AD.169 views
Roma | She-wolf & Twins * Thessalonica, Bronze Follis

Obv: Roma helmeted, draped and cuirassed bust, left: VRBS ROMA
Rev: She-wolf standing left, head lowered, looking back & downwards to the twins, Romulus and Remus
suckling below, two stars above.

Exergue: SMTS Ε

Mint: Thessalonica
Struck: 4th C. AD

Size: 17.94 mm.
Weight: 1.57 grm.
Die axis: 0

Condition: Quite fine. As shown in photo which is quite faithful to the coin in hand.

Refs:*
RIC VII 229
(VII 229, Thessalonica)
1 commentsTiathenaApr 17, 2007
Septimius_Apollon_6b.jpg
Septimius Severus | Apollo - Nikopolis ad Istrum, AE18 - 193-211 AD.96 views
Septimius Severus | Apollo - Nikopolis ad Istrum, AE18

Obv: Laureate head right: AV KAI CE . CEVHPOC
Rev: Apollo (or Bonus Eventus), nude, standing left, holding shallow patera in outstretched right & laurel branch in lowered left hands: NIKOPOΛEITΩN ΠPOC ICTP

Exergue: Blank.

Mint: Nikopolis ad Istrum
Struck: 193-211 AD.

Size: 19.80 x 16.87 mm.
Weight: 2.66 grm.
Die axis: 160

Condition: Very fine for all extant devices, beautiful dark-olive patina. Irregular flan.

Refs:*
Pick, AMNG 1356
2 commentsTiathenaApr 13, 2007
Augustus_Provident_SC_2b.jpg
Divus Augustus | Altar & PROVIDENT * AD. Æ As - 27 BC-14 AD124 views
Divus Augustus | Altar & PROVIDENT * AD. Bronze As.

Obv: Radiate head of Divus Augustus, left-facing: DIVVS AVGVSTVS PATER
Rev: Altar-enclosure with double panelled doors, closed; uncertain ornaments at the top, PROVIDENT beneath.

Exergue: None.

Mint: Rome
Struck: 31-37 AD
(Struck under Tiberius)

Size: 29.15 mm.
Weight: 9.71 grm.
Die axis: 180

Condition: Quite worn but with yet clearly visible images both sides; most obverse legend visible & legible, showing: [DIVV]S AVGVSTVS [P]ATER. Some light red-ish encrustration on the upper-right of the obverse, behind top of portrait.

Refs:*
BN, 132
Cohen, 228
RIC I, 81 (Tiberius)
BMCRE, 146 (Tiberius)

AUGUSTUS: Gaius Octavius Thurinus, later Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus, was born Sept. 23, 63 BC. After defeating his rivals he is given the title 'Augustus' by which he became known thenceforth.
TiathenaApr 11, 2007
Claigula_Vesta_2a.jpg
Caligula | Vesta * Æ As - 37-41 AD.54 views
Caligula Gaius | Vesta, Copper As

Obv: Bare head left: C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT
Rev: Vesta seated left holding patera in right hand and scepter in left hand, semi-transverse resting on left shoulder: S-C.

Exergue: None

Mint: Rome
Struck: 37-38 AD

Size: 26.90 grm.
Weight: 10.44 mm.
Die axis: 180

Condition: A well worn coin, far more pleasant to the eye in hand. A challenge to photograph for like impression.

Refs:*
BN, 54
RIC I, 38
Cohen, 27
BMCRE, 46
TiathenaApr 11, 2007
Nero_Victory_2b.jpg
Nero | Victory * Æ As, 54-68 AD.55 views
Nero | Victory * Copper As

Obv: Laureate head right: NERO CAESAR AVG GERM IMP
Rev: Victory standing left holding oval shield inscribed, SPQR: S-C.

Exergue: None

Mint: Rome
Struck: 65 AD.

Size: 27.335
Weight: 10.07 grm.
Die axis: 180

Condition: Well worn all over, but with still vivid images and a lovely medium chocolate patina.

Refs:*
RIC I, 312
BMCRE 241
WCN 285, 290
Cohen 288
BN 399
TiathenaApr 11, 2007
Diocletion_Jupiter_Ant_3a.jpg
Diocletian | Jupiter and Emperor * Æ antoninianus, 284-305 AD.47 views
Diocletian | Jupiter and Emperor, bronze antoninianus.

Obv: Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right-facing: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG
Rev: Diocletian standing on the left, right-facing, holding parazonium, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing to his right, left-facing, with scepter in hand; A in center, below Victory & globe: CONCORDIA MI-LITVM

Exergue: XXI

Mint: Cyzicus
Struck: 284-294 AD.

Size: 21.525 mm.
Weight: 4.25 grm.
Die axis: 180

Condition: As shown in photos, but darker. Deep golden-olive patina, with traces believed to be silvering.

Refs:*
RIC V, pt. 2, 306 (var).
TiathenaFeb 18, 2007
Constantine_Jupiter_3a.jpg
Constantine I | Jupiter, Victory and Eagle - Æ Follis. 306-337 AD73 views
Flavius Valerius Constantinus * Constantine I, Bronze Follis.

Obv: Laureate head right: IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
Rev: Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe in right hand, scepter in left hand, eagle with wreath in beak stands eying the god at his feet; Γ in right field: IOVI CON-SERVATORI

Exergue: SIS

Mint: Siscia
Officina: Γ (in right field)
Struck: 315-316 AD.

Size: 21.90 mm.
Weight: 3.4 grams
Die axis: 180

Condition: Quite fine. The coin in hand is very-much as seen in the photos above, save considerably darker - a dark olive patina. Pleasing to the eye.

Refs:*
RIC VII 15, G
TiathenaFeb 15, 2007
Considia_Paetus_Apollon_3b.jpg
Apollon | Curule chair - C. Considius Paetus, AR Denarius 46 B.C.70 views
Apollon | Curule chair * Silver deanrius.

Obv: Laureate head of Apollon, right; A in left field (behind).
Rev: Sella Curulis (Curule chair), garlanded, on which lies a laurel wreath: C CONSIDI, above, PAETI below.

Exergue: PAETI

Mint: Rome
Struck: 46 BC.

Size: 19.335 mm.
Weight: 3.396 grm.
Die axis: 90

Condition: Very fine. Bright, clear, beautiful lustre and quiet toning. Beautiful coin in hand.

Refs:*
RRC 991.
CR 465/2a.
Sydham, 991
Sear, (RCV 2000 Edition) Number 455.
1 commentsTiathenaFeb 13, 2007
Poblicia_Den_2a.jpg
Helmeted Roma | Hercules with Nemean Lion, AR Serrate Denarius, 80 BC. Poblicia.81 views
Helmeted Roma | Hercules and Nemean Lion, Serrate Silver Denarius.

Obv: Roma draped, in twin-feathered plumed Phrygian-styled helmet, right facing; ROMA behind, control mark S above.
Rev: Hercules standing left, wrestling and strangling the Nemean lion, club below, encased bow with two arrows in left field; S, above; C POBLICI Q F in right field.

Exergue: None.

Mint: Rome
Struck: 80 BC.

Size: 18.73 mm.
Weight: 3.8 grm.
Die axis: 90

Condition: Quite fine. Beautiful, bright, clear and lustrous silver. Excellent surfaces and devices in superb relief.

Refs:
Sydenham, 768
Crawford, 380/1
2 commentsTiathenaFeb 11, 2007
Marcus_Antonius_Leg-X_3a.jpg
Marcus Antonius Galley | Legion X, AR Denarius, 49-27 BC.82 views
Marcus Antonius Galley | Legion X, Silver Denarius

Obv: Manned Galley right, banner at prow, ANT AVG III VIR [R P C].
Rev: Two military standards with Legionary Eagle between them, LEG X.

Exergue: None.

Mint: Moving mint, perhaps Patrae.
Struck: 32-31 BC.

Size: 17.44 mm.
Weight: 3.24 grm.
Die axis: 0

Condition: Quite good. Beautiful to me! As shown by the photo, in any event, which is quite faithful to the coin in hand.

Refs:*
Sear I, pg. 283, 1479
Crawford Vol. I, pg. 540, 544/24
3 commentsTiathenaFeb 11, 2007
Pan_Zeus-Auxurus_Den_2a.jpg
Pan | Jupiter Anxurus, AR Denarius, 48 BC.47 views
Pan | Jupiter Anxurus, Silver Denarius

Obv: Mask of bearded Pan, right facing, wearing three rows of berries in hair, Pedum behind. [PANSA] below.
Rev: Jupiter Anxurus seated left, patera in out-stretched right and scepter in left hands; IO[VIS AXVR] in left field; C VIBIVS C F C N, vertical in right field.

Exergue: None.

Mint: Rome
Struck: 48 BC.

Size: 18.3 mm.
Weight: 3.34 grm.
Die axis: 170

Condition: Evident in photos. Beautiful to me!

Refs:*
RCI 20a
Vibia 18-19.
Sydenham 948
Crawford 449/1b
Kestner 3544-3545
BMCRR Rome 3982

Many of the Roman moneyers minted types that were based on homonyms or word games with their own name. On this type, Pan is a play on his name, Pansa. The temple of Jupiter Anxurus was built by Sulla at Terracina in Latium. The town's ancient Volscian name was Anxur.

Ex-FORVM. (Above text, FORVM Ctg.).
Cherished & much-loved gift from a very dear friend.
TiathenaFeb 11, 2007
Apollon-Cupid-Goat_Fonteius_3a.jpg
Vejovis | Cupid riding Goat, MN. Fonteius, AR Denarius, 84 BC.86 views
Vejovis | Cupid riding Goat, MN. Fonteius, Silver Denarius

Obv: Laureate head of Vejovis right, [C F] below chin, thunderbolt below head, MN.FONTEI.[C.F] behind.
Rev: Winged Cupid seated on goat, both right facing, twin caps of the Dioscurii above, thyrsus of Bacchus below, all within enclosing laurel wreath.

Exergue: Thyrsus

Mint: Rome
Struck: 84 BC.

Size: 22 mm.
Weight: 3.8 grm.
Die axis: 120

Condition: Quite fine. Bright, clear lustrous silver with nice toning, particularly on the obverse. Clear, sharp devices and excellent relief.

Refs:*
Sear, 271
Sydham, 724a
Crawford, 353/1c
1 commentsTiathenaFeb 11, 2007
Apollon-Minerva_VPansa_1a.jpg
Apollon | Minerva Quadriga, C. Vibius Pansa, AR Denarius, 89-88 BC.54 views
Apollon | Minerva in Quadriga, C. Vibius Pansa, Silver Deanrius.

Obv: Laureate head of Apollo right, with heavy locks of hair falling elegantly behind and onto shoulders; PANSA behind.
Rev: Minerva in charging quadriga right, holding trophy and spear.

Exergue: C.VIBIVS.C.F.

Mint: Rome
Struck: 89-88 BC.

Size: 18.36 mm.
Weight: 3.7 grm.
Die axis: 140

Condition: Quite fine. Very lovely, bright, clear and lustrous tone. Reverse slightly off-centered as seen in photo. Firmly struck, with good devices and excellent relief.

Refs:*
Sear, 242
Sydham, 684
Crawford, 342/5
TiathenaFeb 11, 2007
Titus_Ceres_Master_2a.jpg
Titus | Ceres * Rome - AR Denarius, 79-81 AD.80 views
Titus | Ceres * Rome - Silver Denarius

Obv: Laureate head right: IMP TITVS CAESAR VESPASIAN AVG P M
Rev: Ceres seated left, holding poppy and corn ears in outstretched right and torch vertical in left hand, cradled in crook of her left arm: TR P VIIII IMP XIIII COS VII

Exergue: Clear

Mint: Rome
Struck: 1 July ca. 15 July, 79 AD.

Size: 17.88 mm.
Weight: 3.45 gms.
Die axis: 180

Condition:

Refs:*
BMC, 7
Cohen 270 -
RIC II, 8D, page 117 -
SEAR RCV I (2000), 2508, page 465
RSC, 270a - Similar, but without PP at end of reverse legend.

Rare, as an issue struck for a very brief period (see above).
Struck 55-40 days prior to the eruption of Vesuvius which destroyed Pompeii, Herculaneum, et al. (24 August, 79 AD.)

Status: TCJH, Private Collection.

My gratitude to Curtis Clay for his kind assistance with dating & clarifications.
3 commentsTiathenaJul 15, 2006
Maximinus_Thrax_Salus_3b.jpg
Maximinus I 'Thrax' * Salus - AR Denarius * 235-238 AD.108 views
Maximinus I 'Thrax' * Salus - Silver Denarius

Obv: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right. IMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG
Rev: Salus seated left, feeding serpent arising from altar to front from patera extended in right arm, left elbow resting on seat: SALVS AVGVSTI

Exergue: Clear

Mint: Rome
Struck: 235-238 AD.

Size: 20.07 mm.
Weight: 3.16 gms.
Die axis: 180

Condition: Beautiful: clear, sharp, distinct images and legends in superb relief, with some notable wear to the serpent.
Lovely silver luster overall.

Refs:*
RIC 14. RSC. 85a.
BMCRE 99, pl. 36.

Status: TCJH * Private Collection
Gift from a very dear friend.
4 commentsTiathenaJul 15, 2006
Caracalla_Fides_2c.jpg
Caracalla | Fides * Rome * AR Denarius - 198-217 AD.96 views
Caracalla | Fides * Silver Denarius

Obv: Laureate bust right. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM
Rev: Fides Militum facing, head left, standing between and holding two standards either side in left and right hands. PM TR P XVIII COS IIII PP

Exergue: Clear

Mint: Rome
Struck: 198-217

Size: 20.40 mm.
Weight: 2.83 grm.
Die axis: 0

Condition: Excellent. Clean, clear, well centered and struck, superb images and good legends. Lustrous silver with some light toning on the obverse.

Refs:*
Sear, 1937
Van Meter, 63/11

Status: TCJH, Private Collection.
3 commentsTiathenaJul 15, 2006
Gallienus_Centaur_1a.jpg
Gallienus * Centaur - AE Billon Antoninianus * 253-268 AD.97 views
* Gallienus | Centaur - Billon Antoninianus *

Obv: Radiate head, right. GALLIENVS AVG.
Rev: Centaur walking left, right foreleg raised, holding globe in right hand, arm stretched front and rudder transverse over shoulder in his left hand. APOLLINI CONS AVG

Exergue: H
( Officina 8 )

Mint: Rome
Struck: 260-268 AD.

Size: 22.63 x 20.32 mm.
Weight: 3.32 gms.
Die axis: 180

Condition: As you see it here. Worn, but still an attractive coin.

Refs:*
RIC 164
Gbl 733

Special thanks to Lars for his kind assistance and sharing his knowledge pertaining to this issue.
TiathenaJun 10, 2006
L_Verus_Armenia_3a.jpg
Lucius Verus * Armenia - AR Denarius * 161-169 AD.159 views
Lucius Verus * Mourning Armenia - Silver Denarius

Obv: Bare head, right: L VERVS AVG ARMENIACVS
Rev: Armenia seated on the ground left-facing, in attitude of mourning, weight placed on left arm, accoutered with bow and quiver, shield to front leaning and resting against raised right leg, vexillum behind: TRP III IMP II COS II

Exergue: ARMEN

Mint: Rome
Struck: 163 AD.

Size: 18 mm.
Weight: 3.3 gms.
Die axis: 180

Condition: Superb! Near mint. Very clean with bright, silvery luster.

Refs:*
RSC 6
RIC III, 501
MIR 18, 62-14/10
Sear RCV 1537 (1988 ).
6 commentsTiathenaJun 09, 2006
Caracalla_Dionysus_1a.jpg
Caracalla * Dionysus - Hadrianopolis, Æ23 - 198-217 AD.124 views
Caracalla * Dionysus - Hadrianopolis, Thrace * Provincial bronze.
2 or 3 assaria.

Obv: Laureate, right facing, seen from behind. AVT K M AVP CEV ANTΩNEINOC
Rev: Dionysus standing left holding bunch of grapes in outstretched right, & thyrsus which he grasps near the top in his upraised left. AΔRIANOΠO | ΛEITΩN

Exergue: None

Mint: Hadrianopolis, Thrace
Struck: 211-217 AD.

Size: 23.56 mm.
Weight: 7.12 grm.
Die axis: 0

Condition: Quite much as shown in image but cleaner and less rough viewed in hand. Quite lovely patina considerably darker than shown here and towards a deep olive-green.

Refs:*
Jurukova, no. 373, pl. XXXV

One of three known specimens.
Two in Bulgaria, Sofia & Sliven respectively.

(Much thanks to Curtis Clay for this reference, & to Whitetd49 for his numerous kind clarifications).
2 commentsTiathenaJun 06, 2006
Caracalla_Nemesis_1a.jpg
Caracalla * Nemesis - Pessinus * Æ 29, 198-217 AD.89 views
Caracalla * Nemesis Pessinus, Galatia * Bronze Provincial

Obv: Caracalla, Laureate, cuirassed (and draped?) bust, left facing. ANTONINOC AVΓOVCTOC
Rev: Nemesis standing, left facing, holding measuring rod in right hand, bridle in left. ΠΕCCI N OVNTIΩN

Exergue: N/A

Mint: Pessinus (Galatia).
Struck: 198-217 AD.

Size: 29.79 mm.
Weight: 14.6 gms.
Die axis: 0

Condition: As seen here, marginally nicer in hand and considerably more to the brown than the green side in the patina.
All in all a very pleasant coin.

Refs: (?) ~ Not Found in the following *
Lindgren I, II or III
Sear
BMC (at least from the time when Wroth's volume on Galatia, Cappadocia, and Syria was published).
SNG France 3
Coll Pozzi
SNG Pal
SNG Righetti
SNG Hunterian
ANS
Gorny & Mosch nor in
Wheaton College Col.

Apparently an unknown issue.
2 commentsTiathenaJun 02, 2006
Diana_Victory_1a.jpg
Diana and Victory * Roman Republican, Serrate AR Den., 79 BC.136 views
Diana with Bow and Quiver | Victory in Biga * Republican, Serrate AR Den., 79 BC.

Obv: Diana, diademed and draped bust facing right, hair pulled up and bound behind, bow and quiver over her shoulder; S.C. before.
Rev: Victory driving a charging biga to the right, holding reins and palm-branch in left hand and wreath in her right, control mark A . XI below.

Exergue: Off flan. [ TI. CLAVD TI. F. APN ].

Mint: Rome
Struck: 79 BC.

Size: 18.50 mm. (Flan circ. at largest).
Weight: 3.9 gms.
Die axis: 190

Condition: Exceptional. Bright, clear, radiant luster. Both sides well struck though slightly off-center and with a very slight bend near the rim (ca. 190 obverse). Excellent relief and details on both sides.

Refs:
Sear, 310.
Claudia 6.
Crawford 383/1
Sydenham, 770a
BMCRR, Rome 3103
Kestner, 3233 var. (control numeral)
*
5 commentsTiathenaFeb 25, 2006
VRBS_ROMA_X_1a.jpg
VRBS ROMA Æ3 Follis * Commemorative278 views
VRBS ROMA * Commemorative - Founding of the City of Rome

Obv: VRBS ROMA - Roma wearing plumed & crested helmet with visor, draped in Imperial robe and cuirassed bust left.
Rev: No legend: She-wolf standing left, suckling Romulus and Remus; two stars above.

Exergue: R (Wreath) Q

Mint: Rome
Struck: 333-335 AD.

Size: 16.12 mm.
Weight: c. 2.5 gms.
Die axis: 180

Condition: In good condition, well struck, nicely-centered and a rather pretty dark-olive green patina overall.

Note: Coin not in my private collection. Birthday gift to my niece, February 2006.

Ref: RIC VII Rome 354
2 commentsTiathenaFeb 23, 2006
VRBS_ROMA_A-SIS_1a.jpg
VRBS ROMA Æ3 Follis * Commemorative254 viewsVRBS ROMA * Commemorative - Founding of the City of Rome

Obv: VRBS ROMA - Roma wearing plumed & crested helmet with visor, draped in Imperial robe and cuirassed bust left.
Rev: No legend: She-wolf standing left, suckling Romulus and Remus; two stars above.

Exergue: . Δ SIS .

Mint: Siscia
Struck: 330-346 AD.

Size: 17.88 x 16.55 mm.
Weight: c. 2.5 gms.
Die axis: 350

Condition: In fine condition, nicely struck, well-centered and a lovely deep copper-gold patina overall.

Note: Coin not in my private collection. Birthday gift to my niece, February 2006.

Ref: RIC 240 D
2 commentsTiathenaFeb 23, 2006
Justinian_1b.jpg
Justinian I * 527-539-565 AD113 views
Justinian I, Follis

Obv: Emperor Justinian I, facing, diademed, helmeted and cuirassed bust, holding globus-cruciger in raised right hand, shield covering heart and left shoulder, cross in right field. Legend, D N IVSTINI [ANV]S PP AVI
Rev: Large M in center, cross above, ε below; (A)NNO in left field, XX (Regnal year 20) in right field.

Exergue: CON

Mint: Constantinople
Struck: 546-547 AD.

Size: 31.89 x 32.49 mm.
Weight: 19.11 gms.
Die axis: 180

Condition: As shown. Surprisingly to me, the present photograph is remarkably faithful to the appearance of the coin in hand. Overall, a lovely dark-olive patina covering both sides, and all details where present are quite strong & distinct.

Refs:*
MIB 95a
DOC 45e
BMC 80; Tolstoi 131
Ref: SEAR BCV, #163, page 60
2 commentsTiathenaFeb 22, 2006
Master_Set_Piece_2c.jpg
Vespasian * Victory, Byzantium, 70-74 AD. * AR Denarius155 views
Vespasian * Victory, Eastern Mint - Byzantium, Silver Denarius
PACI AVGVSTAE * To the Augustan Peace.

Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS II TR P P P * Vespasian, laureate, head right facing.
Rev: PACI AVGVSTAE * Victory standing left, holding wreath in right hand, arm raised and extended, holding palm frond vertical in left hand and crossing left-shoulder, arm straight down to side. Thighs together, left knee slightly bent in classical pose. Mint mark in lower left field - ligate BY.

Exergue: (Blank)

Mint: Byzantium
Struck: 70-74 AD.

Size: 17.51 x 17.26 mm.
Weight: ca. 3.0 grams
Die axis: 355

Condition: Utterly superb & beautiful, notwithstanding the notable wear to the Victory reverse. Gorgeous, bright, clear and gleaming luster. Nicely struck, and superb relief over-all, to images and extant legends.

Refs:*
RSC, 278
BMCRE, 446
RIC II, 323, pg. 53

4 commentsTiathenaMar 23, 2005
Probus_Alexandria_4ex.jpg
Probus * Eagle, Alexandria, Egypt * 276-282 AD. Billon Tetradrachm216 views
Probus * Eagle with wreath, Alexandria, Egypt *

Obv: A Κ M AYP ΠΡOBOC CΕB * Laureate, draped and cuirassed, right facing.
Rev: Eagle standing right facing, wings partially extended, bound wreath in beak. L and Z to left and right fields, respectively.

* Legend: A K M AYP ΠΡOBOC CΕΒ * (Autokrator Kaisaros Markos Aurelios Probos Sebastos).

L Z * Year VII of the Emperor's Reign.

Exergue: (Clear)

Mint: Alexandria
Struck: 281-282 AD.

Size: 18 mm.
Weight: 7.09 grams
Die axis: 0

Condition: Superbly well preserved. Clear and sharp in its relief and details with strong images both sides from an apparently well centered and forceful strike on this notably thick billon planchet. Very lovely, dark-ash patina.

Refs:*
BMC, 2436
Milne, 4649
Curtis, 1873
Dattari, 5558
Emmett, 3982
Geissen, 3154

6 commentsTiathenaMar 12, 2005
Jovian_VOT_2b.jpg
Jovian * VOT V / X, Heraclea, 363-364 AD. Æ298 views
Jovian * VOT V MVLT X, Heraclea, Bronze

Obv: D N IOVIANVS PF AVG * Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left.
Rev: VOT V MVLT X * Within bound laurel-wreath.

Exergue: HERAC B

Mint: Heraclea
Struck: 363-364 AD.

Size: 20.69 mm.
Weight: 3.48 grams
Die axis: 220

Condition: Quite lovely and appealing coin. Very-nicely centered and confidently struck. Some very light but gentle wear, and two tiny spots of corrosion - one on each side respectively. Superb portrait of this briefly-empowered successor of Julian the Great.
Lovely dark-olive patina near-black. That which suggests possible silvering on the obverse is not, but is merely some reflected light in the photograph.

Refs:*
RIC 111
LRBC 1913

TiathenaMar 09, 2005
Manuel_I_2b.jpg
Manuel I * Virgin crowning Emperor, Æ Billon Trachy, 1143-1180 AD.141 views
Manuel I * Virgin crowning Emperor, Billon Trachy

Obv: Bearded Xristos, seated facing on throne without back, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium, in left hand book of Gospels; to left, IC with bar above and to right XC with bar above. Two stars, one in left and right fields respectively.
Rev: MANα HA ΔεCΠOT (or similar). The Virgin, nimbate to the right of Manuel on left, both standing facing; The Virgin wears pallium and maphorium and with her right hand crowns the emperor, who wears divitision and loros, and holds labarum and gl. cruciger; between the heads, M or MP with bar above; to right V with bar above.

Exergue: (Blank)

Mint: Constantinople
Struck: 1143-1180 AD.

Size: 30 mm.
Weight: 4.03 grams
Die axis: 180

Condition: Worn as evident in photo, but retaining moderately strong images on both sides.

Refs:*
Sear, BCATV, 1966
(Common)

3 commentsTiathenaMar 03, 2005
Caracalla_Serapis_6f.jpg
Caracalla * Serapis, 196-217 AD. AR Denarius136 views
Caracalla * Serapis, Silver Denarius

Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM * Laureate head right.
Rev: P M TR P XX COS IIII P P Serapis * wearing polos standing left, holding bound-wreath(?) in right hand and scepter in his left hand, arm slightly raised.

Exergue: (Blank)

Mint: Rome
Struck: 217 AD.

Size: 19 mm.
Weight: 2.53 grams
Die axis: 300

Condition: Beautiful. Bright, clear luster. Small flan crack on reverse.

Refs:*
RIC 289c, pg. 255

2 commentsTiathenaMar 01, 2005
Julia_Mamaea_VESTA_2b.jpg
Julia Mamaea * Vesta, Silver Denarius * 222-235 AD.90 views
Julia Mamaea * Vesta, AR Denarius
* Mother of Severus Alexander &nd Cousin of Elegabalus *

Obv: IVLIA MAMAEA AVG * Diademed and draped bust, right facing.
Rev: VESTA * Vesta standing left, holding patera in right hand, arm partially extended, and transverse scepter in her left hand.

Exergue: (None)

Mint: Rome
Struck: 227 AD.

Size: 18 mm.
Weight: 3.32 grams
Die axis: 180

Condition: Tellingly aged and circulation worn, but still in possession of quite lovely luster on the whole with some subtle toning.

Refs:*
Cohen, 85
BMC, 440
RIC IVii, 362, page 99
SEAR RCV II (2002), 8218, page 679

2 commentsTiathenaFeb 24, 2005
Faustina_I_2a.jpg
Faustina I (Senior) * Vesta, 141-161 AD. AR Denarius66 views
Faustina I (Senior) * Vesta, Silver Denarius
In Honor & Remembrance of the beloved and deified Augusta.

Obv: DIVA FAUSTINA * draped bust right.
Rev: AVGVSTA * Vesta standing left, holding simpulum in right hand, arm partially extended, and the palladium in her left, also partially extended.

Exergue: (Blank)

Mint: Rome
Struck: 148-161 AD.

Size: 18 mm.
Weight: 3.24 grams
Die axis: 180

Condition: Very bright, clear luster and a pretty portrait despite the subtle effects of time and usage. Wonderful detail in the coiffure of piled & adorned hair. Greater wear evident to Vesta who nonetheless still reveals the numerous details the celator gave her. In all, a lovely & appealing coin.

Refs:*
Cohen, 108
RIC III, 368, page 71
SEAR RCV II (2002), 4587, page 269

TiathenaFeb 20, 2005
Constans_Victory-Galley_2b.jpg
Constans * Emperor and Victory, Æ2 * 324-350 AD.135 views
Constans * Emperor and Victory, Bronze.

Obv: DN CONSTANS PF AVG * Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust, right-facing.
Rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO - Emperor standing facing on galley, holding phoenix on a globe in right hand, arm little extended from waist, and holding labarum with Chi-Rho in right hand, arm partially-extended and slightly raised; in ship's stern seated Victory is steering the ship.

Exergue: TESB

Mint: Thessalonica
Struck: 348-351 AD.

Size: 19.4 mm.
Weight: 2.54 grams
Die axis: 0

Condition: Modestly worn but a well centered and forceful strike with good clear images both sides. Very dark olive-green, near-black patina. In all, an attractive coin.

Refs:*
RIC VIII, 120, pg. 412

1 commentsTiathenaFeb 19, 2005
Septimius_Liberalitas_1b.jpg
Septimius Severus * Liberalitas VI, 193-211 AD. AR Denarius76 views
Septimius Severus * Liberalitas VI, Silver Denarius
"Septimius Severus and family's sixth gift of money to the people."
* Sixth Largesse *

Obv: SEVERVS PIVS AVG * Laureate head right.
Rev: LIBERLITAS AVG VI - Liberalitas standing left, holding coin counter in right hand, arm partially extended, and cornucopia in left hand & arm.

Exergue: (Blank)

Mint: Rome
Struck: 208 AD.

Size: 19 mm.
Weight: 2.80 grams
Die axis: 10

Condition: Beautiful, clear & clean with bright luster. Some mild splitting of the flan from strike, but well-struck. Good full legends and clear, strong images on both sides, with handsome portrait of the Emperor.

Refs:*
Cohen 298
RIC IV, 278a
SEAR RCV II, (2002), 6306, page 461

TiathenaFeb 18, 2005
DT_Probus_Rome.jpg
Probus * Eternal Rome, Hexastyle Temple, Æ Antoninianus * 276-282 AD207 views
Probus * Eternal Rome, Bronze Antoninianus

Obv: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG * Radiate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: ROMAE AETERNAE * Roma seated facing within hexastyle temple, surmounted by three Nikes.

Exergue: R Γ

Mint: Rome
Emission: 2
Officina: 3 (Unlisted in RIC)*
Bust type: F
Struck: 277 AD.

Size: 24.5 mm.
Weight: 4.20 grams
Die axis: 0

Condition: Beautiful coin in hand. Lovely gold-brown patina, excellent details and fine relief. Some partial-wear to the reverse legend and the Γ in exergue.

Refs:*
RIC 190(v) *(unlisted officina)

5 commentsTiathenaFeb 14, 2005
Divus_Antoninus-Pius_1a.jpg
Antoninus Pius, Divus * Eagle on Altar, 161 AD. AR Denarius143 views
Commemorative Divus Antoninus Pius * Eagle on Altar, Silver Denarius
Struck by Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus in 161 AD, on the death of Antoninus Pius in memory of the latter and commemoration of his deification by Will of the people &nd the Senate.

Obv: DIVVS ANTONINVS * bare head right.
Rev: CONSECRATIO, eagle standing right, head turned left, on garlanded altar.

Exergue: (Blank)

Mint: Rome
Struck: 161 AD.

Size: 18 mm.
Weight: 3.41 grams
Die axis: 180

Condition: Beautiful, clear, bright luster, great details and high-relief. Nicely centered and well-struck.

Refs:*
Sear, 1301
Cohen, 154
RSC, 155/6.
Van Meter, 136
RIC III, 430 (Marcus Aurelius)
BMCRE, 48 (Marcus Aurelius)
Sear RCV II (2002), 5190, page 335

3 commentsTiathenaFeb 09, 2005
Faustina_Juno_1a.jpg
Faustina II * Juno, 130-176 AD. AR Denarius.58 viewsFaustina II * Juno, Silver Denarius.

Obv: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA * Draped bust, right-facing
Rev: IV NO * Juno standing left, holding patera in right hand, arm oustretched, and sceptre in left hand; peacock at feet to her left and also left-facing.

Exergue: (Blank)

Mint: Rome
Struck: 161-176 AD. (Based on the Lanz coin, of later coiffure style).

Size: 18 mm.
Weight: 3.16 grams
Die axis: 180

Condition: On the whole, very lovely silver, clear, sharp and bright luster overall. While there is some light wear on the reverse, the coin looks better in hand than this image shows; the patera is still quite visible, etc. The wear to the peacock has unfortunately left him rather decapitated. Similar wear has somewhat defaced Juno's left arm and her scepter.

Refs:*
RIC 688.
C. 120.
BMC 104.
MIR 17-4/c.

TiathenaFeb 08, 2005
Gordian_III_Aequitas_.jpg
Gordian III * Aequitas, 238-244 AD. AR Antoninianus83 views
Gordian III * Aequitas, Silver Antoninianus
"The Emperor is a fair and honorable leader."

Obv: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG - Radiate draped and cuirassed bust, right-facing.
Rev: AEQVITAS AVG - Equity standing left, holding cornucopia and scales.

Exergue: (Blank)

Mint: Rome
Struck: 240-241 AD. * (5th and 6th Issue, 1st Officina)

Size: 19 mm.
Weight: 4.82 grams
Die axis: 170

Condition: Quite fine. Lovely bright, clear, sparkling luster. Some light wear to the highest relief points of the obverse portrait.
In-all, a beautiful example of this type.

Refs:*
Cohen, 25
RIC IViii, 63, page 23
1 commentsTiathenaFeb 07, 2005
Hadrian_Fortuna_1b.jpg
Hadrian * Fortuna, 117-138 AD. AR Denarius146 views
Hadrian * Fortuna, Silver Denarius
FORTUNA REDUX
"Return to us, victorious and alive, patron to all of Rome Hadrian."

Obv: IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG - Laureate head right-facing, draped left shoulder.
Rev: P M TR P COS II - Fortuna seated left, gaze apparently fixed on the rudder which is held in her right hand, arm partially extended, and holding cornucopia in left hand and arm.

Exergue: FORT RED

Mint: Rome
Struck: 118 AD.

Size: 19 mm.
Weight: 3.18 grams
Die axis: 180

Condition: Stunning. Brilliant, radiant luster, perfect clarity. Exceedingly beautiful and much-nicer in hand than any photo can portray.

Refs:*
Cohen, 745
RIC II, 41a, page 345
SEAR RCV II (2002), 3493, page 146

2 commentsTiathenaFeb 05, 2005
Aurelian_Mars_Presentation.jpg
Aurelian * Emperor and Mars, 270-275 AD. Æ Antoninianus.81 views
Aurelian * Emperor and Mars * Bronze Antoninianus.

Obv: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG * radiate, cuirassed bust right facing.
Rev: RESTITVTOR EXERCITI, Mars the aggressor on the left facing right, presents Aurelian the globe (..the world) with his right hand; Aurelian standing opposite on his right, left-facing * Mars holding a spear in left hand, Emperor receiving the globe with his right hand, holding scepter in his left hand.
Officina letter Γ below globe, between the warriors.

Exergue: XXI

Mint: Cyzicus
Struck: 274-275 AD.

Size: 24 mm.
Weight: 4.64 grams
Die axis: 0

Condition: Quite superb, although with some effacing of the Legends on both sides.
Letter A effaced from [A]VRELIANVS, on the Obv.
Rev. shows EX[ERC]ITI
In all, beautiful condition; superb, well-centered strike. Lovely universal bronze-gold patina, and excellent details.

Refs:*
Cohen 206
RIC Vi, 366F (s) Scarce, page 306
(Rated Scarce by RIC).

TiathenaFeb 02, 2005
Domitianavs_x-2b.jpg
Domitian * Minerva with Owl, 81-96 AD. AR Denarius572 views
Domitianvs * Minerva with Owl, 88 AD. Silver Denarius
" ~ My service to the state is listed here ~ "

Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VI * Domitian, Laureate head right facing.
Rev: IMP XIIII COS XIIII CENS P P P Minerva helmeted & armed right-facing, surmounting Rostrum, holding thunderbolt (or javelin) in right hand, arm raised to throwing position, and shield at the ready on left arm, her owl, facing, at her feet to the right.

Exergue: Occupied by capital-piece of rostrum column.

Mint: Rome
Struck: January-August 88 AD.

Size: 22 mm.
Weight: 2.96 grams
Die axis: 180

Condition: Absolutely gorgeous. Beautiful bright, clear luster with tri-colored cabinet toning (rainbow effect) on the reverse.

Refs:*
RSC 236
RIC II, 108a
BMC 103(v)
Cohen 218(v)
Sear RCV I (2000), 2730(v), page 495

12 commentsTiathenaFeb 02, 2005
Caracalla_Mars_Def.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Caracalla, Silver Denarius "Mars, the defender" * 196-217 AD *639 views
Caracalla, "Mars*, the defender."
AR Denarius
Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT - Laureate head right
Rev: MARTI PROPVGNATORI Mars advancing left, holding spear and trophy

Mint: Rome
Struck: 213 AD

Size: 18 mm.
Weight: 4.5 grams(?)
Die axis: 180 deg.

RIC IVi, 223 (s) Scarce; Cohen 150; D. Sear II, 6819; pg. 521
SCARCE

* Olympian
TiathenaJan 30, 2005
licinius_1a.jpg
Licinius * Jupiter, Æ Follis - 313-315 AD.74 views
Licinius * Jupiter, Bronze Follis

Obv: IMP LIC LICINIVS PF AVG * Laureate head right facing
Rev: IOVI CON - SERVATORI * Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe in right hand, and scepter in his left hand, with an Eagle holding a wreath in beak at his feet, to the right, Monogram A in the right field.

Exergue: SIS

Mint: Siscia
Struck: 313-315 AD.

Size: 21 mm.
Weight: 3.83 grams
Die axis: 0 degs.

Condition: Beautiful. Dark patina and great clarity in all. Much nicer in hand than the image shows.

Refs:*
The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. VII, 8
(RIC 8)

TiathenaJan 30, 2005
Macrinus_Tyche_1a.jpg
Macrinus * Tyche, Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior - Æ26, 217-218 AD.134 views
Macrinus * Tyche, Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior Bronze, 26 mm.

Obv: AVT K OPE/\/\ICEVH MAKPEINOC Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: /\ MARKIANOPOLEITWN Tyche standing left, holding cornucopia in left hand/arm, and rudder in her right.

Exergue: (N/A)

Mint: Marcianopolis
Struck: 217-218 AD.

Size: 26 mm.
Weight: 10.42 grams
Die axis: 170

Condition: Showing the wear of time and usage, a bit worn, but quite clear, strong & distinct images and a lovely brass-colored patina, slightly more-brown on the reverse with some small green-colored spots of oxidation, particularly around the upper form of Tyche.

Refs:*
Moushmov 527
SNGCop 221

3 commentsTiathenaJan 28, 2005
Caracalla_Hermes_2b.jpg
Caracalla * Hermes, Trajanopolis. 209-217 AD. Æ 17 As.136 views
Caracalla * Hermes - Bronze Assarion.

Obv: AVT K M AVP CE ANTWNEINOC . Laureate bust right.
Rev: TPAIANOPOLEITWN. Nude Hermes standing facing, head turned left, holding purse in right hand partially extended, and caduceus in his left hand, traverse across left bicep; drapery over left arm.

Exergue: (N/A) Exergual line only.

Mint: Trajanopolis
Struck: 209-217 AD.

Size: 17 mm.
Weight: 3.62 grams
Die axis: 178

Condition: Morphologically rough & somewhat worn, yet showing the strong, clear strike it received in creation. Good, clear, high relief on virtually all areas still intact. On the whole, stronger clarity than evidenced in the image.
Dark green patina & really quite lovely.

Rare.

Refs:*
BMC 10v
Moushmov 5049

1 commentsTiathenaJan 26, 2005
Licinius_Jupiter_1a.jpg
Licinius * Jupiter, 308-324 AD. Æ3 Follis85 views
Licinius * Jupiter - 3 Bronze Follis 308-324 AD.

Obv: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG * Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
Rev: IOVI CONSERVATORI - Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on a globe and Eagle-tipped scepter, at feet, left, an eagle with wreath in beak, at right, a (headless?) captive * X over (Pi)(Gamma) in right field.

Exergue: Blank (or effaced, SMHB?)

Mint: Rome(? No mint mark: or Heraclea?)
Struck: 321-324 AD.

Size: 20 mm.
Weight: 2.56 grams
Die axis: 0 degs.

Condition: F+ Pleasing dark patina.

Refs:*
RIC VII 52, B (or variant).

TiathenaJan 24, 2005
Commodus_Caesaria_1.jpg
Commodus * Mt. Argaeus & Helios * Cappadocia, Caesarea * AR Didrachm154 views
Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus 177-192 AD

Obv: Commodus, Laureate bust, right facing. Legend: AY M AYP KOMO ANT (omega)NEINOC CE
Rev: Mt. Argaeus, surmounted by Helios, holding globe in right hand, scepter in left hand. Legend: Y (Pi)ATOC (Gamma) (Pi)AT (Pi)AT

Exergue: (Blank)

Mint: Caesarea
Struck: COS III 181-182 AD.

Size: ca. 20 mm.
Weight: ca. 4.0 grams
Die axis: 0 degs.

Condition: Beautiful, clear, bright & very lustrous

Refs:*
Metcalf 146c
Sydenham 370a
SNG Copenhagen 250

5 commentsTiathenaJan 23, 2005
Commodus_Minerva_1a.jpg
Commodus * Minerva with Owl - 183-184 AD. AR Denarius95 views
Commodus * Minerva with Owl - 183-184 AD.
Silver Denarius

Obv: M COMMODVS ANTON AVG PIVS, laureate head of Commodus, facing right.
Rev: P M TR P VIIII IMP VI COS IIII PP, Minerva advancing right, brandishing a javelin in right hand and holding a shield in her left, with an owl at her feet, to right - facing.

Tribunician Power (Tribunicia Potestas) held nine times, Consular four times.
A handsome portrait of Commodus, with clear, sharp & high relief features.

Exergue: (Blank)

Mint: Rome
Struck: 183-184 AD.

Size: 19 mm.
Weight: 2.8 grams
Die axis: 180 degs.

Condition: Beautiful, bright, clear lustrous silver.

Refs:*
RSC 424
RIC III 72
BMC IV, 120
Sear Roman Coins & their Values (2000 Edition), #5668

TiathenaJan 22, 2005
Valentinian_Securitas_1a.jpg
Valentinian * Securitas, Æ 17, 364-375 AD246 views
Obv: D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG; Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev: SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE; Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm.

Exergue: SMNG(amma)

Mint: Nicomedia
Struck: 364-367 AD.

Size: 17 mm.
Weight: 3.3 grams
Die axis: 10 degs.

Condition: Very fine with great, high relief, little actual wear-impact and a lovely dark patina, with some copper-bronze color highlighting parts of the portrait.

Refs:*
RIC IX, 12b (s) Scarce, page 252
Cohen 57

TiathenaJan 14, 2005
Antoninus_Pius_purple.jpg
Antoninus Pius * Salus, Copper As, 138-161 AD314 views
"May Pius' health and mind be preserved during his 4th Consulship"

Obv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XV - Laureate head right
Rev: SALVS AVG COS IIII S-C - Salus standing left, feeding snake rising from altar left, and holding a scepter

Exergue: Empty

Mint: Rome
Struck: 151-152 AD.

Size: 26.59 mm.
Weight: 8.88 grams
Die axis: 180 degs.

Condition: Very fine with a lovely dark patina.

Refs:*
RIC III, 900, pg. 138,
Cohen 729

2 commentsTiathenaJan 14, 2005
Hadrian_Salus-1a.jpg
Hadrian * Salus, Æ Dupondis, 117-138 AD140 views
Publius Aelius Hadrianus * Salus, Bronze Dupondis

Obv: IMP CAESAR TRAIANVS HADRIANVS AVG P M TR P COS III, radiate bust right, light drapery on far (left) shoulder.
Rev: SALVS PVBLICA / S C, Salus standing left, right foot on globe, holding patera in right hand, and rudder in her left.

Exergue: Empty

Mint: Rome
Struck: 117-138 AD.

Size: 26.56 mm.
Weight: 12 grams
Die axis: 180 degs.

Condition: Apparent in photo. Some unfortunate wear & perhaps some shock damage to the portrait face, but in all, a rather lovely bronze with good, clear strike on both sides.

Refs:*
Cohen 1358
Sear 2668
BMC 1237
RIC 604a

1 commentsTiathenaJan 14, 2005
Trajan_Optimo-1.jpg
Trajan * Victory, OPTIMO PRINC, Silver Denarius, 103-112 AD.72 views
Trajan, 98-117 AD. Silver Denarius

Obv: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P, laureate head right, far shoulder draped.
Rev: COS V P P S P Q R OPTIMO PRINC, Victory standing left extending wreath & holding palm frond.

Exergue: Empty

Mint: Rome
Struck: 103-112 AD.

Size: 19.4 mm.
Weight: 3.41 grams
Die axis: 170 degs.

Condition: Beautiful, bright, clear luster

Refs:*
RIC II 128
BMCRE 328
RSC 74.

TiathenaJan 14, 2005
S_Severus_Carthage-Lion.jpg
Septimius Severus * Dea Caelestis Riding Lion * African 'Tour,' 206AD * AR Denarius121 views
SEVERVS, Silver Denarius

When Septimius with his Imperial family took their tour of Rome's African possessions, most notably Carthage and Lepcis, in addition to many works of beautification, he also built a new aqueduct in Carthage and improved, with perhaps another, the water supply in Lepcis. This coin commemorates Septimius the indulgent benefactor, showing Dea Caelestis riding a lion which leaps over water cascading from the aqueduct.


Obv: SEVERVS PIVS AVG - Laureate head right
Rev: INDVLGENTIA AVGG - Dea Caelestis riding right on lion, leaping over water gushing from rock to the left, and holding a thunderbolt and scepter.

Exergue: IN CARTH

Mint: Rome
Struck: 204 AD.

Size: 19 mm.
Weight: 3.5 grams
Die axis: 0 degs.

Condition: Beautiful, bright clear luster

Refs:*
RIC IVi, p. 125, 266D
Cohen 222
D. Sear II, p. 459, 6285

3 commentsTiathenaJan 14, 2005
Geta-Caesar_Arms.jpg
Geta * Trophy of Arms, Silver Denarius "The young prince" * 198-212 AD147 views
Geta as Caesar, AR Denarius, "The young prince."

Obv: P SEPT GETA CAES PONT - Bare head bust, draped and cuirassed
Rev: PRINC IVVENTIS - Geta standing left holding branch and spear; behind him at right, trophy and shield.

Exergue: Empty

Mint: Rome
Struck: 200-202 AD

Size: 18 mm.
Weight: 3.82 grams
Die axis: 180 degs.

Condition: Exceptionally bright, clear luster.

Refs:*
RIC IVi, 18, page 316
Cohen 157
SEAR RCV II (2002), #7196, page 565
RCV 7196
BMCRE 198, 234

2 commentsTiathenaJan 05, 2005
Caracalla_Equestrian.jpg
Caracalla - Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Pius Bassianus * Equestrian, AR Denarius * 196-217 AD121 views
Coin issue, celebration of Caracalla's invasion of Britain which would eventually culminate in his acclamation & title of, 'Britanicus.'

Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG - Laureate head right
Rev: PONTIF TR P XI COS III - the Emperor Caracalla in military attire, holding spear on horseback, right-facing, enemy kneeling before & below horse (worn from view), right hand raised as in supplication, also right-facing.

Exergue: PROF

Mint: Rome
Struck: 208 AD.

Size: 19 mm.
Weight: 3.4 grams
Die axis: 180 degs.

Condition: Beautiful bright, clear luster, despite some notable wear to the relief on the reverse.

Refs:*
RIC IVi, p. 228, 108 Scarce
Cohen 510
D. Sear II, 6874, p. 526
BMCRE 574
Hill 983
RSC 510

TiathenaJan 05, 2005
Licinius_Macer_Apollo-Athena.jpg
C. Licinius Macer, Apollo-Vejovis * Minerva, Roman Republic, moneyer, AR Denarius Serratus84 views"Rome is a state on the move, and growing stronger every day."

Obv: Diademed bust of Apollo-Vejovis, left; viewed from behind, brandishing thunderbolt, cloak over left shoulder.
No Legend.
Rev: Minerva driving a quadriga right, holding spear and shield. No Legend.

Exergue: C LICINIVS L[F] MACER

Mint: Rome
Struck: 84 BC.

Size: 21.4 mm.
Weight: 3.89 grams
Die axis: 180 degs.

Condition: Lovely, bright luster; minimal tarnish.

Refs:*
M. Crawford Vol. I, p. 370, 354/1, Vol. II, Pl. XLVI, 17
D. Sear I, p. 123, 274
Licinia 16
Sydenham, 732
RSC 16

TiathenaJan 02, 2005
Julia_Domna_Vesta-1a.jpg
Julia Domna * Vesta, Silver Denarius * 193-217 AD.152 views
Julia 'the Loyal' Felix Augusta * Vesta * AR Denarius

Obv: IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG, draped bust right
Rev: VESTA, Vesta standing left, holding palladium and scepter.

Mint: Rome
Struck: 213 AD.

Size: 19 mm.
Weight: 3.6 grams
Die axis: 180 degs.

Condition: Beautiful clear, bright luster.

Refs:*
RIC IV 390 (Antoninus Bassianus * Caracalla)
BMCRE 29 (same)
RSC 230

5 commentsTiathenaJan 02, 2005
Iulia_Maesa_1a.jpg
Julia Maesa * Pietas Augusta, Silver Antoninianus 218-223 AD.114 views
"Julia Maesa solemnly vows to take her position as Augusta with respect to Rome."

Obv: IVLIA MAESA AVG - Draped bust, right facing
Rev: PIETAS AVG - Pietas standing left, raising both hands up, grain basket in left arm & hand, to the left at feet, a lit altar

Mint: Rome
Struck: 218-222 AD.

Size: 19 mm.
Weight: 3.38 grams
Die axis: 180 degs.

Condition: Beautiful, clear, bright luster.

Refs:*
RIC IVii, 266, page 50
Ashmolean collection
SEAR RCV II (2002), #7755, page 631

2 commentsTiathenaJan 02, 2005
Trajan_Parth_Felicitas.jpg
Trajan * "PARTHICO-Felicitas" AD 98-117 * Silver Denarius92 views
"Trajan begins his last campaign, the conquest of Parthia"

Obv: IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GER DAC- Laureate bust right, draped.
Rev: PARTHICO P M TR P COS VI P P SPQR - Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopia.

Mint: Rome
Struck: 103-111 AD.

Size: 18.4 mm.
Weight: 3.8 grams
Die axis: 180 degs.

Beautiful luster, untarnished by the gentle wear.

RIC II, 332, page 268
Cohen 191
BMCRE 626
RSC 191
Sear RCATV (RCV 2000 Edition), #3141
(Van Meter 28/7, VB2)

2 commentsTiathenaDec 21, 2004
Valens_Victory.jpg
Valens * "Victory" * "Securing and making safe, the state." 364-378 AD. Æ 3153 views
Obv: D N VALENS PF AVG. Bust pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed, right.
Rev: SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE. Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm; B SIS C, in exe.

Mint: Siscia
Struck: 364-367 AD.

Size: 18 mm.
Weight: 3.58 grams
Die axis: 180 degs.

Patina: lovely dark-olive green.

RIC IX, 7b, page 146
Cohen 37
RIC 7b, Siscia

2 commentsTiathenaDec 19, 2004
Sev_Alexander_Spes1.jpg
Severus Alexander 222-235 AD. AR Denarius * "Alexander, the hope of the people."57 views
Silver Denarius * Severus Alexander * "Spes"

Obv: IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG - Laureate & draped bust, right
Rev: SPES PVBLICA - Spes walking left, holding flower and raising skirt.

Mint: Rome
Struck: 232 AD.

Size: 18 mm.
Weight: 3.16 grams
Die axis: 0 degs.

Pretty, but slightly flat-luster, some tarnishing.

SEAR RCV II (2002), #7927, page 649
RIC IVii, 254c, page 89
RSC 546
Cohen 543

The coins of this type were minted between 231 and 235 AD, during the reign of Severus Alexander, who ruled from 222-235 AD. Alexander ruled the empire wisely and well, but was strongly influenced by his mother, Julia Mamaea. This was greatly resented by the army, and along with their perception of Alexander as unwarlike, caused the troops under Maximinus to rise against him, assassinating both Alexander and his mother in their camp near Mainz, Germany in 235 AD.
TiathenaDec 18, 2004
Elagabalus_EmpPriest1a.jpg
Elagabalus, AD 218-222 * Silver Denarius - (Scarce)97 views
AR Denarius "May your future be filled with victory and success"

Obv: IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG - Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed * (hornless type)
Rev: PM TR P V COS IIII PP - Elagabalus standing left, holding patera over altar sacrificing and a Cypress branch (or club? / parazonium?) in left hand; single star in left field.

Mint: Rome
Struck: February-March, 222 AD.

Size: 19 mm.
Weight: 2.75 grams
Die Axis: 0 degs.

Beautiful luster

RIC IVii, 52 (s), page 32 * Scarce
Cohen 213
RSC 213a, BMC 268


The scarcity of this coin may owe in some part to the late date of its being struck January-March 222 AD, in the very brief period just preceding his assassination, along with his mother and the purge of his followers his creatures (to note Gibbons term).
So being, that these coins were not held from release & circulation at the mints, to be melted down to strike new coinage for his successor, his cousin Severus Alexander.
1 commentsTiathenaDec 17, 2004
Septimius_Severus-Virtus~0.jpg
Septimius Severus * Virtus, 193-211 AD. Silver Denarius85 views
SEVERVS AVG * AR Denarius

Obv: PART MAX, laureate head right
Rev: VIRTVS AVGG: Virtus standing left, holding Victory in right hand, spear and shield in left hand.

Mint: Rome
Struck 200-201 AD.

Size: 19 mm.
Weight: 3.53 grams
Die axis: 170 degs.

Condition: Stunning luster, appears virtually un-circulated.

RIC IV 171
RSC 761.
BMCRE 211

1 commentsTiathenaDec 09, 2004
M_Aurelius_Concordia.jpg
Marcus Aurelius, 161-180 AD., Silver Denarius83 views
AR Denarius

Obv: IMP M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG * Bare head, right (handsome portrait)
Rev: CONCORD AVG TR P XVI; Concordia seated left, holding patera in right hand; cornucopia beneath her seat.
COS III in exergue

Mint: Rome
Struck: Dec. 161 to Dec. 162 AD.

Size: 18 mm.
Weight: 3.4 grams.
Die axis: 0 degs.

RIC III, 35
Cohen 35
Sear 1408(v)

1 commentsTiathenaDec 07, 2004
Caracalla_Libertas.jpg
Caracalla, Silver Denarius * "Lady Liberty" * 196-217AD * "Romans are free to be Roman"72 views
Caracalla, Silver Denarius * "Lady Liberty" * 196-217AD * "Romans are free to be Roman"

Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG - Laureate bust right, draped
Rev: LIBERTAS AVG - Libertas standing left, holding pileus and rod-scepter.

Mint: Rome
Struck: 209 AD.

Size: ca. 18 mm.
Weight: 3.67 grams
Die axis: 0 degs.

RIC IVi, p. 235, 161
D. Sear II, p. 520 6817
Cohen 143; RSC 143
1 commentsTiathenaDec 07, 2004
Caracalla_Mars-Right.jpg
Caracalla, Silver Denarius "Mars, the Aggressor" * 196-217 AD *83 views
Caracalla, "Mars,* the Aggressor"
AR Denarius

Obverse: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right.
Reverse: PONTIF TR P X COS II, Mars advancing right carrying trophy over left shoulder and spear in right hand.

Mint: Rome
Struck: 213 AD

Size: 18 mm.
Weight: 2.85 grams
Die axis: 180 deg.

Beautiful luster.

RIC 88, RSC 431

* Olympian

1 commentsTiathenaDec 01, 2004
Julia_Mamaea_Juno.jpg
Julia Mamaea, Juno with peacock, Silver Denarius * 222-235 A.D.66 views
AR Denarius

Obv: IVLIA MAMAEA AVG. Draped bust, right.
Rev: IVNO CONSERVATRIX. Juno* standing left, holding patera in left hand and scepter in right hand, peacock at her feet to left and both left-facing.

Mint: Rome
Struck: 222 AD.

Size: 1.9 cm.
Weight: 3.1 grams.
Die axis: 0 degs.

Beautiful clear luster, with minor shock damage to lower edge.

RIC IV/2, 343; C.35
Sear 2310
BMCR.43

* Olympian

Mamaea's imperial title was Iulia Augusta, mater Augusti nostri et castrorum et senatus et patriae, recalling the titulature of Julia Domna. Her position in the government was confirmed by the title consors imperii. Recognized as religiosissima, she had conversation with Origen while in the East as She accompanied Alexander on campaign there against the Persians in 230-231. In 235, she was with him in Germany, at Mainz, when they were assassinated by the troops, with Maximinus Thrax chosen as successor. She suffered damnatio memoriae.
TiathenaNov 26, 2004
Theodosius_Vows1a~0.jpg
Theodosius I, Vows AE4 * 379-395 AD54 views
Theodosius I, Vows * 379-395 AD * Bronze

Obverse: DN THEODOSIVS PF AVG, Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: VOT / V / MVLT / X, Legend within wreath. ("I Vow five years, perhaps ten").

B(eta) SISC in exergue

Mint: Siscia

Size: 15 mm.
Weight: 1.4 grams
Patina: Medium green, flat.

RIC 29d.
Sear 4187v.
TiathenaNov 26, 2004
Julian_II_Vows~0.jpg
Julian II, 355-363 AD AE3 * Vows173 views
Julian II*, 355-363 AD AE3 * Scarce
"Vows X Mult XX"

Obv: FL CL IVLI-ANVS P F AVG - Helmeted, diademed bust left, cuirassed holding spear and shield.
Rev: VOT X MVLT XX ("I promise ten years and perhaps twenty." Obv: D N) Within wreath on four lines.

Exe: HERACL . A

Mint: Heraclea
Struck: Between November 3rd 361 and June 26th 363 AD.
Workshop A

Size: (c) 20mm
Weight: 2.95 grams

Patina: Very dark green, near-black: beautiful.
Grade: VF

RIC VIII, 106. Scarce, page 438
- LRBC #1908.3.55g

* Conqueror

6 commentsTiathenaNov 26, 2004
JulianII_Bull~2.jpg
Julian II - 355-363 AD AE3 Apis Bull91 views
JULIAN II. 361-363 AD. 28mm * Constantinople mint.

Obv: D N FL CL IVLI-ANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev: SECVRITAS REIPVB., bull standing right, two stars above; .CONSP(delta)(palm).

Patina: Dark brown

Size: 28mm
Weight: (8.55 gm).

RIC VIII 162; LRBC 2058.

In the spring of 360, Julian's troops rose in revolt against Constantius, and Julian II was proclaimed as Augustus. The depiction of the bull is well understood. Julian II often slaughtered bulls to Mars, the Roman god of war.

"..On 4 May 360, Venus joined Mars to form a single star between the horns of Taurus, the Bull, as the constellation set in the western sky. Two weeks earlier, Mars was between the horns, and Venus rested on the shoulder of the bull. There can be little doubt that this planetary conjunction, or grouping, is shown on this coin.
TiathenaNov 26, 2004
Caracalla_~1.jpg
Caracalla * Lucius Septimius Bassianus * & Agathedaemon Serpent * 196-217 AD. Æ 28mm230 views
THRACE, Serdica. Caracalla. 198-217 AD. 28mm

Obv: AVT K M AVP CEV ANTWNEINOC, laureate and cuirassed bust right; viewed from behind
Rev: OULPIAC CEPDIKHC, Agathedaemon serpent, coiled and erect.

BMC Thrace pg. 174, 23.
Moushmov 4860
Rate F+

Glossy darkish-brown patina


"The elder of the two sons of the emperor Septimius Severus, Caracalla is best-known for arranging the murder of his brother Geta after the two engaged in a power struggle in the months after their father's death. The murder offended contemporaries and colored the following five years of Caracalla's reign, a reign that ended on a Syrian road with the emperor's own murder."

~ DIR USC, Michael L. Meckler
8 commentsTiathenaNov 26, 2004
Caracall_Mars_Def_~0.jpg
Caracalla, Silver Denarius "Mars, the defender" * 196-217 AD *339 views
Caracalla, "Mars*, the defender."
AR Denarius
Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT - Laureate head right
Rev: MARTI PROPVGNATORI Mars advancing left, holding spear and trophy

Mint: Rome
Struck: 213 AD

Size: 18 mm.
Weight: 4.5 grams(?)
Die axis: 180 deg.

RIC IVi, 223 (s) Scarce; Cohen 150; D. Sear II, 6819; pg. 521
SCARCE

* Olympian
6 commentsTiathenaNov 26, 2004
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