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169 - Constans - AE2 - RIC VIII Antioch 124 corr var 12 viewsAE2
Obv:- D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev:- FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, Emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding Phoenix and labarum, Victory sitting at the stern, steering the ship. Prow decorated with trident
Minted in Antioch; (_ | * //ANH), A.D. 348-350
Reference:– RIC VIII Antioch 124 corr (* in right field not left as indicated in RIC) var (Unlisted officina, others Rated S)

5.19g, 23.48mm, 180o
2 commentsmaridvnvm11/02/19 at 22:54Pharsalos: Magnificent, beautiful bust and exceptionally deta...
Archelaos. 413-399 BC. 21 viewsMacedon, Archelaos. 413-399 BC. AR Pentadrachm (10.64 gm) Aigai or Pella, Reduced Light Thraco-Mac. stdd. Head of Apollo (or Ares) wearing tainia, r. / Horse standing r., foreleg raised, trailing bridle. ΑΡΧΕ-ΛΑΟ. VF. SNG ANS 8 #65-69. HGC 3.1 #795; ACNAC: Davis 75, Dewing 1093; Kraay ACGC plate 28 #505; Price 51; SNG Alpha Bank 146-148; SNG Berry 75; SNG Cop 2 #503; SNG Delepierre 941; Westermark Grp II Series 2 (O90/R112). cf. Sotheby's 6417 #205. 1 commentsAnaximander10/21/19 at 08:25Pharsalos: Another amazing coin, beautifully rendered horse.
Demetrios I Poliorketes. 306-285 BC. AR Tetradrachm Pella 17 viewsMacedon, Demetrios I Poliorketes. 306-285 BC. AR Tetradrachm (17.40 gm) of Pella 294-292 BC. Winged Nike stdg l. on prow of galley, blowing trumpet & holding stylis. / Poseidon Pelagaios advancing l. w/ trident. ΔΗΜΗΤΡΙΟΥ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ. Ɪᵔ monogram to l.; dolphin above to r.  EF.  Lustrous. Newell DP 68 (obv. die LVII, plate VI #18); ACNAC Dewing #1196; HGC 3.1 #1012e. cf. SNG Cop 2 #1178 (no star or dolphin); SNG Munich 1042 (no dolphin, same obv. die); Sotheby's 6147 #236. 2 commentsAnaximander10/21/19 at 08:22Pharsalos: Magnificent tetradrachm!
Domitian as Caesar RIC-29481 viewsÆ Sestertius, 24.01g
Rome mint, 80-81 AD (Titus)
Obv: CAES DIVI AVG VESP F DOMITIANVS COS VII; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: S C in field; Minerva adv. r., with spear and shield
RIC 294 (C). BMC 231. BNC 238.
Acquired from Olding, MA Shops, May 2019 = Olding, List 96, March 2019, Sammlung Fritz Reusing, no. 177. From the collection of Fritz Reusing (1874-1956), inherited and continued by Reusing's nephew Paul Schürer (1890-1976).

An exquisite sestertius struck for Domitian as Caesar under Titus featuring his patron deity Minerva. DIVI AVG VESP F tells us the coin was struck after Vespasian's deification. The date of Vespasian's consecratio is dated by the epigraphic evidence sometime between September 8, 79 - May 29, 80, so this sestertius could not have been struck much earlier than June 80. The Minerva reverse was one of the more common types struck during this second bronze issue for Domitian Caesar under Titus.

Although fine portraits can occasionally be seen in silver, it is on the larger canvas of the bronze where the full flower of Roman imperial portraiture can be seen. This sestertius has one of the finest portraits of Domitian I've come across. A superb example of the imperial engraver's art.
6 commentsDavid Atherton06/23/19 at 13:39Pharsalos: Amazing portrait, beautifully engraved reverse too...
Roman Empire, Vespasian, Sestertius113 viewsObv. IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG P M T P P P COS III, laureate head right.
Rev. S C, Mars, helmeted, naked except for cloak around waist, advancing right, holding transverse spear in right hand and trophy over left shoulder in left hand.
Mint: Rome, 71 AD.

34mm 25.46g

RIC 113

Ex Portuguese Collection, purchased 2019.
Ex A. E. Cahn, Auction 75, 30th May 1932, lot 1017.

Curtis Clay
This example: no. 102d (A139/P184) in Kraays unpublished die catalogue (Cahn 75, 1017).
Other examples of the same dies: BMC 570, Hall 1189, Fitzwilliam 59.

The reverse type of Mars advancing (and likely an image of Mars Ultor) is common to all three Flavians. The representation of Mars is different from the Augustan types but likely has a similar inference – here being that of avenging the rebellion of the Jews. Even so the connection to earlier Augustan issues was probably well recognized at the time. (NAC)
5 commentskc06/23/19 at 01:03Pharsalos: What a portrait, beautiful dies.
Arcadia, Tegea, (cc. 5th. century B.C.), AR-Tetartemorion, Traite 976, -/-//--, Letter T, Scarce!91 viewsArcadia, Tegea, (cc. 5th. century B.C.), AR-Tetartemorion, Traite 976, -/-//--, Letter T, Scarce!
avers: Helmeted head of Athena left.
reverse: Letter T, a small dot on the top, within shallow incuse square.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 5,0mm, weight: 0,27g, axes: 4h,
mint: Arcadia, Tegea, date: cc. 5th. century B.C.,
ref: Traite 976, Scarce!
1 commentsquadrans06/23/19 at 01:02Pharsalos: Nice one!
RIC 0555 Domitianus88 viewsObv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VII, Laureate head right
Rev: COS XIIII, across field, Minerva standing left, with spear
AR/Denarius - 20.86 mm 3.560 g 6h - Struck in Rome 88 A.D. (1st group)
RIC 555 (R2) - RSC 66 - BMCRE unlisted - BNF 113
ex Rauch Auction 108 Lot 160
5 commentsFlaviusDomitianus06/23/19 at 01:00Pharsalos: Beautiful example!
67 viewsTrajan AR Denarius. Rome, AD 113-114. IMP TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC P M TR P, laureate and draped bust right / COS VI P P SPQR, Trajan's column surmounted by statue of the emperor; at base, two eagles. RIC 307; BMCRE 522; RSC 115. 3.53g, 20mm, 6h.
Of all of the truly monumental buildings and commemorative structures which the emperor Trajan built, only one, the Columna Traiani, has survived in a reasonable state of completeness. Indeed, it appears almost identical in person as it does on coins, except that the statue of Trajan that originally surmounted it was replaced in 1588 with a statue of St. Paul. When completed, the column occupied a prominent place between two libraries, the Basilica Ulpia and the Temple of Trajan and Plotina. The column was massive: it was over 12 feet in diameter at its base, and rose to a height of nearly 130 feet. Its core was comprised of 34 blocks of Carrara white marble that were made hollow so as to accommodate a circular staircase of 185 steps. The most remarkable feature of the column, however, was its ornamentation, for the friezes on its exterior are some of the most inspiring works of art ever produced. Monumental in scope and execution, they record Trajan’s two Dacian campaigns, from 101-3 and 104-6. All told, there are more than 2,500 individually sculpted figures distributed among more than 150 scenes. The emperor himself is represented no less than fifty times – not a surprise considering his penchant for commemorative architecture and his pride in having added Dacia to the provinces of the empire. “ Source: NAC”

Ex Michael Kelly Collection of Roman Silver Coins
4 commentspaul188806/23/19 at 00:31Pharsalos: Very nice column!
29. Trebonianus Gallus.60 viewsAntoninianus, ca 252 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP CAES VIB TREB GALLVS AVG / Radiate bust of Gallus.
Reverse: APOLL SALVTARI / Apollo standing, holding branch and a lyre set on a rock.
3.82 gm., 20 mm.
RIC #32; Sear #9627.

In his book The Fate of Rome: Climate, Disease, & the End of an Empire, author Kyle Harper suggests the plague described by Cyprian, Bishop of Carthage, was not a localized plague of some sort, but was one and the same with the plague that ravaged the Roman Empire during the reign of Trebonianus Gallus and several of his successors.

The plague was first reported in Alexandria in 249 AD, and by 251 AD it had made its way to Rome where the boy emperor Hostilian died from it. Harper says (p, 138), “The Plague of Cyprian is in the background of imperial history from ca. AD 249 to AD 262, possibly with even later effects around AD 270.”

Harper also presents a case that the plague was either pandemic influenza (similar to that of 1918) or a viral hemorrhagic fever (similar to the Ebola virus of today).

Coins with the reverse legend APOLL SALVTARI (“Apollo the Healer”) exist on coins of Trebonianus Gallus, Volusian, Aemilian, and Valerian I. This reverse type is certainly to be interpreted as an appeal to Apollo for deliverance from the plague that was spreading through the Empire at this time.
3 commentsCallimachus06/23/19 at 00:26Pharsalos: Very interesting.
Constantius Gallus (RIC 87, Coin #774)31 viewsRIC 87, AE2, Nicomedia, 351 - 355 AD
OBV: D N FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
REV: FEL TEMP REPARATIO (●SMNE), Soldier spearing fallen horseman.
SIZE: 22.9mm, 6.00g
1 commentsMaynardGee06/23/19 at 00:25Pharsalos: Nice one!
Probus (RIC 157, Coin #775)27 viewsRIC 157, Silvered Antoninianus, Rom, 276 - 282 AD
OBV: IMP PROBVS AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right.
REV: ADVENTVS AVG (R * S), Probus on horseback left, raising right hand in salute, long
scepter in left hand, bound captive seated left in front of horse below raised right foreleg.
SIZE: 23.4mm, 3.86g
1 commentsMaynardGee06/23/19 at 00:24Pharsalos: Very nice example.
Vespasian-RIC-113295 viewsÆ Sestertius, 24.45g
Lyon mint, 71 AD
Obv: IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M TR P P P COS III; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.; globe at point of bust
Rev: CAESAR AVG F DES IMP AVG F COS DES II; S C in exergue; Titus and Domitian stg. front, each with spear and parazonium
RIC 1132 (R). BMC 799. BNC -.
Acquired from Romae Aeternae, June 2019.

An iconic dynastic sestertius struck during Vespasian's great bronze issue of 71. The type was struck both at Rome and Lyon (ancient Lugdunum) and announced Vespasian's intention to found a dynasty. Mattingly in BMCRE II calls it a 'famous' type placing the figures on the reverse as Titus on the left and Domitian on the right. While that is a conventional numismatic placement for the two Caesares, here we see the figure on the left holding a parazonium an attribute of an imperator, which of the two could only be Titus. Conversely, the figure on the left is holding something smaller (a roll?) that does not appear to be a parazonium, despite the above RIC description. The reverse legend corresponds for this placement of the figures with the first half of the legend CAES AVG F DES for Domitian on the left, the second half IMP AVG F COS DES II for Titus on the right. The legend has caused confusion over the years with some numismatists creating the phantom title Designatus Imperator for Titus. The title COS is implied for Domitian after DES in the legend, a kind of numismatic shorthand if you will. Gunnar Seelentag attempted to clear up the matter up in Numismatic Chronicle, Vol 167 (2007), but doubts remain. Curtis Clay has proposed that the traditional view of Titus on the left and Domitian on the right is correct, pointing out that both are holding a parazonium, theorising Titus' is hidden behind his body with only the handle showing. His arguments in full can be read here: The reverse type itself is fairly rare with only a handful of specimens coming to market each decade, this Lugdunese specimen is much scarcer than those from Rome. Flavian dynastic types are far more common in silver.

Fantastic style with old cabinet toning. Same reverse die as Gemini IX, lot 414.

NB: Special thanks to Curtis Clay for additional numismatic information.
7 commentsDavid Atherton06/23/19 at 00:23Pharsalos: Beautiful, tactile piece!
48 viewsQ. Pomponius Musa. 56 BC. AR Denarius (17.5mm, 3.82 g, 7h). Rome mint. Laureate head of Apollo right; star of eight rays to left / Urania, the Muse of Astronomy, wearing long flowing tunic and peplum, standing left, touching with wand held in right hand globe set on base. Crawford 410/8; Sydenham 823; Pomponia 22.

From the Fay Beth Wedig Collection.
2 commentspaul188806/23/19 at 00:21Pharsalos: Beautiful coin.
27 Anonymous issues. Time of Hadrian to Antoninus Pius. Rome Quadrans 117-161 AD60 viewsReference.
RIC 27; C. 39

Griffin seated right

Rev. S-C

2.49 gr
15 mm
2 commentsokidoki06/22/19 at 20:12Pharsalos: Very nice example.
Roman Empire, Commodus, Bronze Medallion132 viewsObv. M AUREL COMMODUS ANTONINVS AVG PIVS, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev. P M TR P VIIII IMP VI COS IIII P P / TEMPORVM FELICITAS, Pomona seated right, holding corn ears and poppy in left hand, right hand raised to grapevine, below which two children in tub, and a third at feet of goddess.
Mint: Rome, 183 AD.

40mm 65.92g

Ex Tradart Sale 21, 15th February 2018, Lot 139.
Ex Ars Classica XVIII, Lucerne 1938, Lot 292.
Ex Dr. Jacob Hirsch, Auction 18, 27th May 1907, Lot 1031.
Ex Collection Dr. Friedrich Imhoof-Blumer.

Pomona, a goddess among the Romans, presiding over fruit -trees. Her worship was of long standing at Rome, where there was a Flamen Pomonalis who sacrificed to her every year for the preservation of the fruit. She lived in the time of Procas, king of Alba, devoted to the culture of gardens, to which she confined herself and shunning all society with the male deities.
Vertumnus, under various shapes, tried to win her hand, sometimes he came as a reaper, sometimes as a haymaker, another time as a ploughman or a wine-dresser, a soldier and a fisherman, but to equally little purpose. At length, under the guise of an old woman, he won the confidence of the goddess. And, by enlarging on the evils of a single life and the blessings of the wedded state, by launching out into the praises of Vertumnus, and relating a tale of the punishment of female cruelty to a lover, he moved the heart of Pomona; whereupon, resuming his real form, he obtained the hand of the no longer reluctant nymph.

Felicitas Temporum ("Prosperity of the Times"), reflecting a Golden Age ideology, was among the innovative virtues that began to appear during the reigns of Trajan and Antoninus Pius. Septimius Severus, whose reign followed the exceedingly brief tenure of Pertinax and unsatisfactory conditions under Commodus, used coinage to express his efforts toward restoring the Pax Romana, with themes such as Felicitas Temporum and Felicitas Saeculi, "Prosperity of the Age" (saeculum), prevalent in the years 200 to 202. Some Imperial coins use these phrases with images of women and children in the emperor's family.
6 commentskc06/22/19 at 20:11Pharsalos: Interesting, rare, and very beautiful!
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Anonymous, AE Half-Litra - Crawford 26/443 viewsRome, The Republic.
Anonymous. 234-231 BCE.
AE Half Litra (1.58g; 12mm).
Rome Mint.

Obverse: Head of Roma in Phrygian helmet, facing right.

Reverse: Dog prancing toward right; ROMA in exergue.

References: Crawford 26/4; BMCRR (Romano-Campanian) 44-48.

Provenance: Ex NAC 84 (20 May 2015), Lot 765; purchased privately from Or Gestion Numismatique (Paris) in 2009.
1 commentsCarausius06/22/19 at 20:00Pharsalos: Superb example!
ROMAN IMPERATORIAL, M. Arrius Secundus, AR Denarius - Crawford 513/253 viewsRome, The Imperators.
M. Arrius Secundus. 41 BCE.
AR Denarius (3.82g; 20mm).
Rome mint.

Obverse: M. ARRIVS - SECVNDVS; bare head, with slight beard, facing right.

Reverse: Victory honors - wreath, spear and phalera.

References: Crawford 513/2; HCRI 319; Sydenham 1084; BMCRR 4210; Arria 2.

Provenance: Nomisma 59 (14 May 2019) Lot 134; Munzen und Medaillen XIX (5-6 Jun 1959) Lot 172; Munzhandlung Basel 10 (15 Mar 1938) Lot 486.

M. Arrius Secundus was likely son of Quintus Arrius, who had a victory in the Servile War against one of Spartacus’ lieutenants, but subsequently lost a battle to Spartacus himself. He was the only member of his gens to strike coins, and not much else is known about him.

The slightly-bearded, obverse portrait, while probably depicting the moneyer’s father, Quintus Arrius, also bears a striking resemblance to contemporaneous portraits of Octavian. However, without any inscription naming Caesar, a positive identification of the portrait remains debated by scholars. David Sear suggests that the portrait is deliberately ambiguous, as the political and military climate was very risky and the moneyer likely wanted plausible deniability that the portrait was Octavian. The reverse shows awards of victory granted to the moneyer’s father for his Servile War victory: a laurel wreath, golden spear and phalera (a military decoration attached to a harness and worn over a cuirass).
2 commentsCarausius06/22/19 at 19:59Pharsalos: Wonderful coin, beautiful tone.
Roman Empire, Maximus, Sestertius198 viewsObv. MAXIMVS CAES GERM, draped bust right.
Rev. PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS S C, emperor standing left, holding baton and spear, at the right two standards.
Mint: Rome, 236-238 AD.

32mm 21.38g

RIC 13; Cohen 14; BMC 213

Ex Münzenhandlung Manfred Olding, Lagerliste
Ex Reusing /Schürer Collection
Ex Münzenhandlung A. Riechman 1930 (65 Reichsmark)

Princeps Juventutis was a name of dignity even in the most flourishing days of the republic. It was an honorary appellation given to him who took the lead of the greater and lesser boys appointed to perform a part in the game of Troy (ad ludum Troja). The prince of the youth was, in the earlier times, the chief of the Equestrian Order. Under the empire, and from the very commencement of that monarchical form of government, this title, although simply honorary, appears to have been given, as an apanage, to such young princes of the imperial family as were destined to reign, and was sometimes conferred on them at a very early age. (Numiswiki, FAC)
6 commentskc06/22/19 at 19:54Pharsalos: Magnificent example.
53 viewsGordian III. AD 238-244. Æ Sestertius (27mm, 15.30 g, 12h). Rome mint, 5th officina. 12th emission, AD 243. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Victory standing left, holding palm frond and shield set on captive seated left. RIC IV 338a; Banti 106.2 commentspaul188806/22/19 at 17:01Pharsalos: Very attractive example.
Calabria, Tarentum.36 viewsCalabria, Tarentum. 334-330 BC. AR Didrachm (7.78 gm). Helmeted horseman advancing r. with spear, holding shield and two spears; below magistrate ΦIΛI (Phili c. 290-281). / Taras (Phalanthos) on dolphin l., holding distaff and dolphin; ΦI to l. , ivy-leaf & TAPAΣ to r. , waves below. EF. Pegasi 121 #40. Ex Vlasto coll. SNG ANS 988-989 (same obverse die); Vlasto 589; HN Italy 934 (2); HGC 1 800; SNG Cop 842; Fischer-Bossert 1090.1 commentsChristian T06/22/19 at 16:55Pharsalos: Gorgeous example.
Bruttium, Kaulonia.39 viewsBruttium, Kaulonia. 470-440 BC. AR Stater (6.71 gm). Apollo Catharsius advancing r., laurel branch in hand, small figure running on outstretched arm. Stag in r. field, looking back, bucranium (wolf's head) in tree to l. / Stag stdg. r., KAVΛΩΝΙAΤA-N. VF. CNG 55 #71. SNG ANS 185 (same dies); HN Italy Type G 2049; HGC 1 1419var (℞ full legend); Noe Caulonia group G #108-109; SNG Lockett 588 (same dies); SNG Cop 1714.1 commentsChristian T06/22/19 at 16:53Pharsalos: Wonderful coin, never seen this obverse type befor...
Thessaly, Larissa.35 viewsThessaly, Larissa. 420-400 BC. AR Drachm (5.82 gm). Hero Thessalos stdg r., restraining unruly bull by the horns, petasos and chlamys over shoulder. / Bridled horse prancing r. ΛΑΡ-ΙΣΑΙ above and below. gVF. BCD Thessaly II #171; Herrmann Group III F; HGC 4 #418 (S); Lorber Thessalian 49.1 commentsChristian T06/22/19 at 13:48Pharsalos: Beautiful dies.
Thessaly, Pharsalos.34 viewsThessaly, Pharsalos. 440-420 BC. AR Hemidrachm (3.06 gm). Head of Athena in Attic helmet r. / Head of horse r., Φ-ΑR (ethnic). VF. Pegasi AXXI #96. BCD Thessaly 664.1 (same obv. die); HGC 4 #630; Lavva 31 (V21/R19), cf 34.1 commentsChristian T06/22/19 at 13:47Pharsalos: Very beautiful.
Corinthia Corinth AR Stater circa 345-307 BC 8.51g 22mm 4h Pegasi 42744 viewsPegasos flying left Q below./Laureate helmeted head of Athena left,A-P below aegis behind.
EX Nelson Bunker Hunt Collection Part II Sothebys 21 June 1990.
2 commentsGrant H06/05/19 at 14:28Pharsalos: Beautiful, delicately engraved reverse. Not a bad ...
Bull Wrestling Drachm98 viewsThessaly Greece, the City of Larissa

Obv: The hero Thessalos1 to r. naked, except for chlamys around his shoulders and petasos, flying in the air, attached to his neck by a cord, holding with both hands a band that is around the forehead of a bull leaping r. All within a border of dots (not here visible).
Rev: ΛΑΡΙ above, Σ to the r. (not here visible), ΙΑ below (not here visible), bridled horse with trailing rein prancing r., no ground line. All within incuse square.
Denomination: Silver Drachm; Mint: Larissa; Date: c. 420 - 400 BC2; Weight: 6.06g; Diameter: 18mm: Die axis: 270º; References, for example: HGC 4, 423 (same obv.); Lorber 2008, pl. 43, 59 (same dies); BCD Thessaly II 372.7 (same dies).

1Considered the ancestor of all Thessalians. The figure is also sometimes considered to be Jason (of Jason and the Argonauts), who according to one tradition was the father of Thessalos (HGC 4, p. 132).
2This is the date given in HGC 4. According to Lorber 2008 this coin should be placed in the revived bull wrestling drachm coinage, beginning c. 450 - 440 BC.

This type is related to the Thessalian sport of bull wrestling (taurokathapsia) “...regularly showcased at the Taureia games honoring Poseidon Taureios.” (HGC 4, p. 132).

Provenance: from the BCD collection, reportedly found 8 kms west of Pharsalus, May 1997.

Photo credits: Shanna Schmidt Numismatics


BCD Thessaly II: Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. The BCD Collection of the Coinage of Thessaly. Triton XV Auction. (3 January 2012, New York).
HGC: Hoover, Oliver D. Handbook of Coins of Northern and Central Greece: Achaia Phthiotis, Ainis, Magnesia, Malis, Oita, Perrhaibia, Thessaly, Akarnania, Aitolia, Lokris, Phokis, Boiotia, Euboia, Attica, Megaris, and Corinthia, Sixth to First Centuries BC, The Handbook of Greek Coinage Series, Vol. 4. Lancaster/London: Classical Numismatic Group, Inc, 2014.
Lorber, Catharine C. “Thessalian Hoards and the Coinage of Larissa” in American Journal of Numismatics, second series 20 (2008): 119 - 142.
7 commentsTracy Aiello06/05/19 at 14:24Pharsalos: Very nice example, I especially like the loose rei...
Carthage38 viewsCarthage. c. 203-201 BC, Second Punic War. BI Tridrachm, or 1½ Sheckel (9.28 gm) of Zeugitania. Wreathed head of Tanit l. wearing single-pendant earrings. / Collared stallion stdg r., head l., r. foreleg raised. gVF. SNG Copenhagen 8 #390; CNP 103; MAA 81; Müller Afrique 230.1 commentsChristian T06/05/19 at 14:09Pharsalos: Very nice example with a particularly beautiful ob...
Ionia, Teos. 30 viewsTeos. c. 544 BC. AR Stater. Griffin with curled wing standing r., forepaw raised, footprint before, stdg on pelleted exergual line. T-H-I-[O-N] (retrograde) / Quadripartite incuse punch EF.  Ponterio 119 #487. BMC 14. 310,10; SNG Cop 1437; Weber 6204; cf Balcer in SNR 47 (1968) 102.
Teos founded the Thracian city of Abdera, which also used a griffin as its coin type; those of Teos face r. while Abdera faced l.
1 commentsChristian T06/05/19 at 14:05Pharsalos: Gorgeous coin, never knew such a control symbol ex...
Carthage36 viewsCarthage. 4th c. BC. EL ⅒ stater or AR Litre (0.66 gm) of Zeugitania Palm tree. / Head and neck of horse r. gVF. SNG Cop. 8 (Carthage) #132., 1 (Sicily) #961; Falbe 1829-1832; L Müller Afrique 79. cf. Sear Greek 6461 var.
1 commentsChristian T06/05/19 at 13:43Pharsalos: Lovely and interesting.
Trajan Denarius - Vesta Seated (RIC 9)38 viewsAR Denarius
Rome 98-99 AD

Obv: Laureate head of Trajan (R), wearing aegis.

Rev: Vesta seated (L), holding patera and torch.

RIC 9; BMC 26; RSC 203

Roma Numismatics E-Sale 55, Lot 756, 18/04/19
ex. Michael Kelly Collection of Roman Silver Coins
ex. Numismatica Ars Classica 40, Lot 696, 16/05/07
2 commentsOptimo Principi05/31/19 at 16:23Pharsalos: Stunning, fantastic coin.
41 viewsVespasian, 69-79
Denarius 79, AR 3.52 g. Laureate head r. Rev. Capricorn l; below, globe. C 554. RIC 1058.
Ex CNG 42, 1997 lot 860; Triton VI, January 14, 2003 lot 836, Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG, Auction 92, May 23, 2016 lot 2140, Heritage Auction 3060, 1/16/2018 lot 33400, CNG Web Store (841947); NGC certification 4244139-018
5 commentspaul188805/31/19 at 16:17Pharsalos: Beautiful coin, great dies.
Athens New Style Tetradrachm 160/59 BC46 viewsObv: Athena right in tri-form helmet
Thompson issue 5 16.97 Gm 32 mm
Thompson Catalogue: Obs:New : Rev:New
Rev:ΑΘΕ ethnic
Owl standing on amphora
2 Magistrates monograms beside each a single palm.
Symbol: 2 Palms
All surrounded by an olive wreath
4 commentscicerokid05/31/19 at 16:15Pharsalos: Magnificent example, beautiful.
Denar, RIC 3, p.270, 695 - Faustina II, Juno, IVNONI REGINAE18 viewsFaustina Minor
AR-Denar, Rome
Obv.: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, diademed bust right
Rev.: IVNONI REGINAE, Juno veiled, standing left, holding patera and sceptre; at her feet, a peacock.
Ag, 3.30g, 17mm
Ref.: RIC III 695, CRE 193 [S]
1 commentsshanxi05/31/19 at 16:14Pharsalos: Great obverse, unusual drapery.
Morgantina - AR litra21 views339-317 BC
laureate head of Apollo right
warrior on horseman left, brandishing spear, holding reins
SNG ANS 465 (same dies); SNG Copenhagen 472; HGC 2, 900.
ex Roma
ex Nomos
1 commentsJohny SYSEL05/31/19 at 16:11Pharsalos: Very nice, beautiful dies.
Sextus Pompey -- Neptune and Naval Trophy98 viewsSextus Pompey, Imperator and Prefect of the Fleet
[Youngest Son of Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus (Pompey the Great)]
Obv: [MAG or MA (ligatured) G]⦁PIVS⦁IMP⦁ITER; Portrait of Neptune facing r., diademed and bearded, trident over l. shoulder. Border of dots.
Rev: [PRAE (AE ligatured) F⦁CLAS⦁ET⦁ORAE (AE ligatured)]⦁MAR (ligatured) IT⦁EX⦁S⦁C⦁; Naval trophy with trident on top and anchor on bottom, prow stem on l. and aplustre on r., at base two representations of Charybdis and two dog heads of Scylla. Border of dots.
Denomination: silver denarius; Mint: Sicily, uncertain location1; Date: summer 42 - summer 39 BC2; Weight: 3.89g; Diameter: 17mm; Die axis: 30º; References, for example: Sear CRI 333; BMCRR v. II Sicily 15, 16, and 17 variant3; Sydenham 1347 variant3; Crawford RRC 511/2a or 2b4.



1Sear CRI, Crawford RRC, Sydenham, and DeRose Evans (1987) all place the minting of this coin type in Sicily, but they do not reference a possible location. Grueber BMCRR v. II Sicily suggests Messana.
2This is the date range argued for in Estiot 2006 (p. 145). Estiot recommends returning to Crawford’s proposal of 42 - 40 BC. Crawford RRC, p. 521 suggests the period in 42 BC after Sextus Pompey defeated Q. Salvidienus Rufus. Grueber BMCRR v. II Sicily, p.562 proposes 38 - 36 BC and Sydenham, p. 210 adopts the same datation. DeRose Evans (1987), p. 129 offers a time between late summer 36 and September 36 BC.
3Grueber BMCRR v. II Sicily 15, 16, and 17 and Sydenham 1347 only list a reverse legend containing MAR (ligatured) I but the coin here is MAR (ligatured) IT.
4It is impossible to see the full obverse legend, so it cannot be determined if MA is ligatured or not. The reverse legend is clearly the first variety of 2a or 2b, a variety not found on 2c.

Provenance: from the collection of W. F. Stoecklin, Amriswil, Switzerland; acquired from Hess AG in Luzern, from the Ernst Haeberlin collection, Cahn & Hess, Frankfurt, July 17, 1933, lot 2889.

Photo credits: Shanna Schmidt Numismatics


Crawford, Michael H. Roman Republican Coinage v. I. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001 reprint with the 1982 corrections.
DeRose Evans, Jane. "The Sicilian Coinage of Sextus Pompeius (Crawford 511)" in Museum Notes (American Numismatic Society), vol. 32 (1987): 97 - 157.
Estiot, Sylviane. “Sex. Pompée, La Sicile et La Monnaie: Problèmes de Datation.” In Aere Perennivs, en hommage á Hubert Zehnacker édité par Jacqueline Champeaux et Martine Chassignet. Paris: L’Université Paris - Sorbonne, 2006.
Grueber, H. A. Coins of the Roman Republic in the British Museum v. II. London: 1910.
Sear, David R. The History and Coinage of the Roman Imperators 49 - 27 BC. London: Spink, 1998.
Sydenham, Edward A. The Coinage of the Roman Republic. New York: Arno Press, 1975, rev. ed.
7 commentsTracy Aiello05/31/19 at 16:09Pharsalos: Lovely coin and provenance.
Macrinus Denarius - Macrinus Seated Holding Globe (RIC 27a)48 viewsAR Denarius
Rome, March-June 218 AD

Obv: Laureate and draped bust of Macrinus (R).

Rev: Macrinus, togate, seated (L), holding globe and parazonium or sceptre.

RIC 27a; BMC 47; RSC 51

Leu Numismatik Auction 4, Lot 680, 25/05/19
Ira & Larry Goldberg Coins & Collectibles Auction 106, Lot 1565, 04/09/18
ex. William Mills Collection of Roman Coins
3 commentsOptimo Principi05/31/19 at 16:07Pharsalos: Beautiful, great details.
Carian Islands, Rhodes29 viewsRhodes 88-85 BC. AR Drachm (3.36 gm) Plinthophoric standard. Radiate head of Apollo Helios r. / P-O flanking rose in bloom, caduceus to l. ΚΑΛΛΙΞΕΙΝΟΟΣ (magistrate Kaleizenos). EF.  
HGC 6 #1461; Jenkins 1989 Group E #244; SNG Cop 819; SNG Helsinki 684.
1 commentsChristian T05/31/19 at 15:57Pharsalos: Beautiful example of the type.
Caria, Satraps. Halicarnassus.29 viewsCaria, Satraps. Halicarnassus. 1st C. BC. AR Drachm (4.39 gm). Head of Apollo Helios slightly r. / Helmeted head r. of Athena w/ aegis. ΜΣΧΙΩΝ - ΑΛΙΚΑΡΝΑΣΣΕΩΝ. aEF.
Ex-Gemini Auction III#195 (9 Jun 2007). SNG Kayhan 762 (same rev. die). Cf SNG Cop 361.
1 commentsChristian T05/31/19 at 15:56Pharsalos: Gorgeous, what a coin.
3805 SYRIA Laodicea ad Mare. Hadrian Tetradrachm 123-24 AD Tyche 43 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3805/6; Prieur 1109; Adra 1562-5; Paris 1157

Issue Year 170 (OP)

Laureate and cuirassed bust of Hadrian right, with gorgoneion on breastplate

Turreted and draped bust of Tyche, right; in field, right, ΟΡ soldiers arming the battlements/towers on Tyche's head

13 gr
25 mm

From the Michel Prieur Collection. Ex Robert O. Ebert Collection (Part I, Stack’s Bowers & Ponterio 174, 11 January 2013), lot 5142; Numismatica Ars Classica 1 (39 March 1989), lot 862; Münzen und Medaillen AG FPL 279 (August 1967), no. 40.
7 commentsokidoki03/04/19 at 12:43Pharsalos: Amazing coin, the turret engraving is spectacular.
CAMPANIA, Neapolis22 viewsCAMPANIA, Neapolis. Circa 300-275 BC. AR Nomos (19mm, 7.11 g, 3h). Diademed head of nymph right; X behind / Achelous Sebethos as a man-headed bull walking right; above, Nike flying right, placing wreath on bull's head; EΥΞ below. Sambon 477; HN Italy 579; SNG ANS 372 (same dies). Near VF, toned. Ex. CNG 84, Lot. 52. From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection1 commentsMolinari03/04/19 at 09:58Pharsalos: A beautiful example.
IONIA, CHIOS13 viewsCa 400-380 BC
AR Drachm 13 mm, 3.63 g
O: Sphinx seated left; amphora surmounted by grapes to left
R: Quadripartite granulated incuse square
Chios; BMC 17-8
ex Roma Numismatics auction
1 commentslaney03/03/19 at 11:34Pharsalos: Great example of a very desirable type.
Salonina, Pietas21 viewsSalonina
AE Antoninianus; 19-21mm; 3.66g
Siscia mint

diademed draped bust right on a crescent

Pietas standing left by altar, holding patera.

Cohen 79; RSC 79; Sear 10646.
2 commentsRobin Ayers03/03/19 at 11:25Pharsalos: Great coin, I love the unusual portrait.
S.808F Anglo-Saxon sceat47 viewsSecondary phase Anglo-Saxon sceat
Mint: East Anglia
Series Q I F
Type 71
Abramson 63-80
O: Figure facing holding two crosses
R: Bird left

Ex- Lockdales 162 (lot 1413), J Cross, M Vosper
2 commentsNap03/03/19 at 11:20Pharsalos: Beautiful and very interesting.
Roman Diocletian Follis26 viewsAE Follis.
Obv. DN DIOCLETIANO FELICISSIMO SEN AVG ; laur. bust r., wearing mantle, and holding branch and mappa ;
Rev.: PROVIDENTIA DEORVM QVIES AVGG ; Quies and Providentia stg. facing each other.
Dot in outer right field. Mintmark PT.
(issued after the abdication)

RIC VI Ticinum 56a; Sear 12930.
4 commentsTanit03/03/19 at 11:19Pharsalos: A beautiful example, what wonderful surfaces!
Larissa, Drachm39 viewsDenomination: Drachm
Era: After c. 356-340 BC
Metal: AR
Obverse: Head of the nymph Larissa facing slightly left

Reverse: ΛΑΡΙΣ / ΑΙΩΝ Horse to right, preparing to roll over.

Mint: Larissa
Weight: 6.08 gm.
Reference: Sear, Europe 2120
Provenance: CNG direct purchase.

Well centered and AEF.
3 commentsSteve B503/03/19 at 11:16Pharsalos: A very beautiful example.
03 Constantius II43 viewsConstantius II
5.2 g / 24 mm
obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right;
reverse FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, Gamma in left, soldier spearing Horseman,hair in braids, bearded, reaching back towards soldier

ANZ Antioch 122
Sear 18170
5 commentsRandygeki(h2)03/03/19 at 11:13Pharsalos: Wonderful example, the soldier especially is very ...
24 viewsIonia, Klazomenai. Silver Hemidrachm (1.99 g), ca. 380-360 BC. Kronax, magistrate. Laureate head of Apollo facing slightly left. Reverse: KΛ-A below, swan standing left; around, magistrate's name: KPΩ-NAΞ. Cf. SNG Copenhagen 16ff; cf. BMC 23ff. Very Rare.
From the Lee Rousseau Collection; Ex Gorny & Mosch 200 (12 October 2011), 1799.
The dies used to strike this handsome hemidrachm of Klazomenai are possibly the work of the famous artist Theodotos: they are reminiscent of the tetradrachm from dies of his that he signed in the British Museum's collection.
2 commentspaul188803/03/19 at 11:06Pharsalos: Fantastic coin!
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312-281 BC, AR Tetradrachm – Sardis33 viewsHead of Herakles r. wearing lion-skin headdress.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY Zeus Nikephoros seated l., monogram on shield to l., AΣ beneath throne.

SC 3.1; HGC 9, 16a; Miller & Hoover AJN 22 (2010), 8 (this coin) dies A1/P2; WSM 1350 P2 β, A1/P2 (this coin). Seleukos’ military mint at Sardis 282-281 BC.

(25 mm, 17.07 g, 12h).

Naville Sale XV (2 Jul. 1930), lot 1061.

This coin was struck in 282 BC following the fall of the city of Sardis to Seleukos, during the preliminaries of the campaign that delivered the decisive victory over Lysimachos at Korupedion, in the late summer of 281 BC. This coin is from the first obverse and second reverse die used in the series. It is one of two examples from this die set that survives to this day. The series from which it comes was interpreted by Miller and Hoover (The Sardes Mint under Seleucus I Nicator) to have originated from a military mint operation associated with Seleukos army. The obverse bears a striking resemblance to the last die used at Seleukeia in Pieria, to the extent that both dies were almost certainly engraved by the same hand. This led Miller and Hoover to propose that "Stylistic affinities between the first die of Sardes and the last of Seleucia in Pieria raise the possibility that the equipment and personnel of the latter may have been moved to Sardes to serve as a supplemental military mint."
2 commentsn.igma01/17/19 at 08:23Pharsalos: Superb artistic dies matched with a nice provenanc...
WEIGHT 3.59g / AXIS: 11h / WIDTH 21-23,5mm
RIC: 222
J.GUILLEMAIN, MONETAZIONE DI PROBO A ROMA (276-282 d.C.), 2009: 355 (61 EX.)
2 commentsBarnaba601/15/19 at 13:48Pharsalos: Fantastic details.
CALABRIA. Taras. Time of Pyrrhus (ca. 280 BC). AV 10th stater30 views11mm, 0.85 gm, 5h
Head of young Heracles right, wearing lion skin headdress / TAPAΣ, Taras astride dolphin left, holding cantharus in extended right hand and trident cradled in left arm.
Vlasto 43. SNG ANS 1401. HN Italy 992.
Very rare! Exceptionally well struck and pleasing, with reddish tone in deep recesses.
3 commentsLeo01/15/19 at 13:41Pharsalos: Congratulations, that is rare and very interesting...
GREEK, Sicily, Gela, AR Tetradrachm circa 430-425 BC 29mm 17.09g 6h Jenkins 345 O66/R13529 viewsCharioteer driving quadriga right,Nike flying right crowning horses/Forepart of man-headed bull swimming right.1 commentsGrant H01/15/19 at 13:34Pharsalos: Magnificent.
Greek, Catalogue of the Collection of Tarentine Coins formed by M. P. Vlasto #14064 viewsCALABRIA, Taras. Circa 470-465 BC. AR Nomos
18.5mm, 8.05 g, 7h
Taras, nude, raising left hand and supporting himself with his right, riding dolphin right; TARAS (retrograde) to left, scallop shell below / Head of nymph (Satyra?) left in linear circle within concave incuse. Fischer-Bossert Group 5, 91b (V41/R60) = Vlasto 140 (this coin, illustrated in both references); HN Italy 838; Berlin 65 (same dies). VF, old cabinet tone, a few marks.

From the Gasvoda Collection. Ex M. L. Collection of Coins of Magna Graecia and Sicily (Numismatica Ars Classica 82, 20 May 2015), lot 4; A. D. Moretti Collection; Classical Numismatic Group 40 (with Numismatica Ars Classica, 4 December 1996), lot 575; Hess-Leu [11] (24 March 1959), lot 5; Kricheldorf IV (7 October 1957), lot 26; Münzen und Medaillen AG VIII (8 December 1949), lot 696; Michel Pandely Vlasto Collection; Maddalena Collection (Sambon & Canessa, 7 May 1903), lot 244.
2 commentsLeo01/15/19 at 13:26Pharsalos: Very interesting and wonderful provenance!
Parthia - Orodes II (57-38 BCE)23 viewsMetal/Size: AE12; Weight: 3.0 grams; Mint: Unknown; Denomination: Chalkous; Date: 57-38 BCE; Obverse: Short-bearded bust left wearing diadem and pellet-ended torque; circular border of pellets; hair in 4/5 rows, wart present on brow. Reverse: Double-humped camel sitting right; no border; seven-line Greek inscription = ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΝ ΑΡΣΑΚΟΥ ΕΥΕΡΓΕΤΟΥ ΔΙΚΑΙΟΥ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ ΦΙΛΕΛΛΗΝΟΣ (("King of Kings Arsaces, Beneficent, Just, Illustriously born, Lover of Greece"). References: Sellwood #45 variant.1 commentsmuseumguy01/15/19 at 13:19Pharsalos: Awesome, never seen this type before.
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Collateral Semilibral Struck AE Triens - Crawford 3939 viewsRome. The Republic.
Semilibral Reduction, 217-215 BCE
Æ Triens (54 grams; 37 mm).
Uncertain Italian Mint.

Obverse: Head of Juno (?) right, wearing double-crested diadem, her hair tied in three ringlets down neck; scepter or sword over left shoulder (?); ●●●● (mark of value) behind.

Reverse: Hercules, naked but for lion skin, grasping centaur by hair and preparing to strike him with club; ●●●● (mark of value) before; ROMA in exergue.

References: Crawford 39/1; Sydenham 93 (R6); BMCRR (Romano-Campanian) 113-115.

Provenance: Ex Munzen und Medaillen 47 (1972), Lot 74.

Crawford dates his 39 series of collateral, semilibral struck bronzes to the early years of the Second Punic War, 217-215 BC. The economic hardship on Rome imposed by Hannibal’s invasion led to a rapid decline in the weight of Roman bronze coins, resulting in the adoption of a semi-libral bronze standard (AE As of ½ Roman pound) and eventual elimination of cast coins. Crawford deduces that Hannibal’s defeat of Rome at Trasimene in 217 B.C. likely tipped the financial scales to the semilibral reduction. He notes that Capua overstruck Roman coinage of the late semi-libral period when Capua joined with Hannibal in 216-215. Further, in Roman Republican Coin Hoards, Crawford reports that hoard #56, found at Capua in 1909, contained three trientes and four sextantes of the “collateral” series; thus the series must have circulated in Capua for a time before the town switched sides to Hannibal in 216-215. It appears that the standard, prow-type semilibral coins (Crawford 38) came first, because hoards containing the Crawford 39 coins almost always contain semilibral prow types as well.

The obverse of this Triens is particularly enigmatic. Both before, during and after production of this series, the goddess depicted on trientes was typically Minerva. In Roman iconography, Minerva’s attributes are the Corinthian helmet, aegis and spear. The goddess on this triens lacks the Corinthian helmet that was used to depict Minerva in previous Aes Grave series of libral and semilibral weight standard (See Crawford 35 and 38 Aes Grave) and on the subsequent, prow-type, struck trientes (Crawford 41 and 56). Some authors are non-committal as to the goddess’ identity (Crawford, for one, in his catalogue; though elsewhere in his text he refers to “Juno”); others attribute the goddess as Juno who, as Jupiter’s consort, is typically rendered with a diadem crown and scepter; and others believe the goddess is Bellona, a war goddess who is typically rendered with helmet and weapon. Firm identification depends, in part, on proper understanding of the headgear. I think attempts to call the headgear a “helmet” or “partial helmet” are misguided efforts to explain the crest. In my opinion, the headgear is a crested diadem. The odd crest attached to the end of the diadem is possibly a misinterpreted element borrowed from portraits of Tanit on Punic coinage, which always show Tanit with a stylized wheat leaf in this location (Tanit’s depiction was likely borrowed by the Carthaginians from Syracusan tetradrachms). There is also some confusion as to what the goddess holds over her left shoulder. Condition issues and poor strikes on some examples often eliminate this aspect of the design. Fortunately, my example is quite clear and one can see the shadowy image on the left shoulder which extends in straight-line behind the left side of the goddess’ head ending in a visible, rounded point above her head. Crawford may have thought the lower part of this element represented the goddess’ far-side curls (“hair falls in tight rolls onto BOTH shoulders” emphasis added), but this interpretation does not explain the point above her head. The point is not likely to represent the opposite crest, as the crest on the visible side does not extend above head-top level. A more plausible theory, proposed by both Grueber and Sydenham, is that the goddess is holding a scepter over her left shoulder, which is consistent with Juno’s attributes. Other possibilities are that she bears a spear, which is an attribute of Minerva, or a sword, which is an attribute of Bellona.

The Series 39 types and their relationship to contemporaneous Second Punic War events are interesting to ponder. Hercules is an important figure, appearing on two of the 10 available sides of the series. Likely this is a paradigm of Roman heroism during the War. In the myth depicted on this Triens, Hercules kills a centaur for assaulting his wife – is this an allegorical reference to Hannibal’s assault on Italy (and the likely response from Rome)?

Despite its beauty, this type would never again be repeated on a Roman coin. However, related imagery can be found on quincunxes of Capua and quadrantes of Larinum, Apulia, immediately following the defection of those towns to Hannibal’s side of the Second Punic War.
3 commentsCarausius11/28/18 at 09:03Pharsalos: Wow, spectacular.
EB0061 Artemis / Bull31 viewsIonian Islands, Island of Ikaros, Oenoe AR Drachm. 3rd century BC.
Obverse: Head of Artemis ¾ right.
Reverse: IONAI below bull butting right.
References: Sear 4620.
Diameter: 16mm, Weight: 3.465g.
2 commentsEB11/28/18 at 09:00Pharsalos: Beautiful!
Roman Empire, CONSTANTIUS GALLUS CAESAR. AE2 Maiorina or Centenionalis of Antioch. Struck A.D.351 - 35458 viewsObverse: D N CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES. Bare-headed draped and cuirassed bust of Constantius Gallus facing right.
Reverse: FEL TEMP REPARATIO. Soldier advancing left, spearing fallen horseman, discarded shield on ground at feet; in left field, Γ : in exergue, ANH.
Weight 5.6gms
2 comments*Alex10/26/18 at 09:34Pharsalos: Wow! That reverse is superb, even by Antioch's...
KINGS OF MACEDON. Philip II, 359-336 BC. Stater28 viewsGold, 19 mm, 8.56 g, 11 h
Pella, struck under Philip II or Alexander III, circa 340-328.
Laureate head of Apollo to right. Rev. ΦΙΛΙΠΠOY Charioteer driving biga to right, holding reins in his left hand and goad in his right; below horses, trident right.
Le Rider 320 (D145/R244). Several nicks and small scrapes , otherwise, good very fine. From a Viennese collection, formed in the 1990s.
1 commentsLeo10/24/18 at 12:19Pharsalos: Awesome.
ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm39 views(24mm, 17.20 g, 2h).
Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig and crescent behind; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597. Good VF, toned. Attractive early style.

This tetradrachm belongs among the earlier period of the “frontal eye” issues of the mid-late 5th century. The palmette is still delicate, as is the general style of the owl, and the incuse is rather deep and abruptly transitions to the flat surface.
1 commentsLeo10/24/18 at 12:16Pharsalos: Magnificent!
CALABRIA. Taras. 425-380 BC. AR nomos57 views6.26 gm
Nude ephebe cantering left, holding bridle with both hands, ΛΕ (retrograde) beneath horse / TARAS, dolphin rider right, wielding trident and pointing with left hand.
HN Italy 850. Vlasto 319 (same dies).
Porous. Edge bump (8:00 obverse) and reverse scratches. Good very fine.

The aristocratic Tarentines were especially proud of their reputation as first-rate horsemen, and the coinage of Tarentum mirrors this pride by displaying all manner of equestrian showmanship. Some of the riders appear in full armor, and those must be cavalrymen in battle, but most appear nude: those riders are surely taking part in the various races and games that the aristocrats loved so much. One of the more dangerous, and most prestigious, of the races was the kalpé. In this form of race the rider would, at a certain stage, slide off his horse and, while holding the reins, run along side. The Tarentine staters show several stages in the process. On this coin we see the very beginning: the rider places his left hand on the horse’s rump and has moved his right hand from the right to the left side of the his horse’s head. On the next lot we see him moving his right leg up over the horse’s back; on other coins (not here) we see both legs stretched out on the left side of the horse just before the rider leaps to the ground. For a short discussion of this event see Sport, p. 79. The actual process of getting off the horse was termed apobates. There are many examples of the initial stages of the apobates to be found in this rich collection.
2 commentsLeo10/24/18 at 12:10Pharsalos: Exceptional dies, I've never seen one like thi...
CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 280-272 BC. AR Nomos62 views19mm, 6.45 g, 4h
The Dioskouroi riding left; monogram above, [ΣΩ]Δ-A-M-O-Σ below
Phalanthos, nude, holding two spears, shield decorated with hippocamp, and Nike, who crowns him with wreath, riding dolphin left; ΠY to left, waves below.
Vlasto 773; HN Italy 1011. Good VF, toned, compact flan. Well centered.
4 commentsLeo10/24/18 at 12:05Pharsalos: Two wonderful dies and beautiful toning.
Vespasian RIC-759129 viewsÆ Dupondius, 14.46g
Rome mint, 74 AD
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, l.
Rev: PON•MAX•TR•POT•P•P•COS•V CENS; Winged caduceus between crossed cornuacopiae
RIC 759 (C). BMC p. 219 note. RPC 1983 (6 spec.). BNC 905.
Ex eBay, 16 October 2018. Ex Klassische Münzen.

Traditionally, the issue this rather strange dupondius is from has been attributed to various different mints over the years. Ted Buttrey writing in the RIC II.1 Addenda commented extensively on it. Because both the Addenda has yet to see the light of day and T. Buttrey's thoughts on the subject are important (and indeed likely correct), I have largely quoted it in full here with some minor editing.

'RIC 756-767 are irregular Dupondii, which should be taken together with Asses, semisses and quadrantes (RIC 1564-1581), forming together a single extraordinary issue in four denominations, distinct in typology and metal, as well as overall character from the regular coinage of the year. Although Eastern in aspect and reverse type, the circulation area of the dupondii is almost exclusively Gaul, Germany, Italy – i.e. the West, with scarcely any penetration of the East. Finds of the smaller denominations are rarely attested anywhere, East or West. The Eastern finds appear to be simply the débris of Mediterranean circulation.

Previously the series had been attributed to Commagene (BMCRE II, pp.217-222), then as a likelihood to Antioch (e.g. RPC II 1982-2005). The correct attribution to Rome is proved by mules of the dupondii with regular issues (Buttrey, “Vespasian’s Roman Orichalcum: An Unrecognized Celebratory Coinage” in David M. Jacobson and Nikos Kokkinos, Judaea and Rome in Coins, 65 CBE – 135 CE (2012). The series had nothing to do with Syria or with the East at all, yet it was purposefully designed to appear non-Roman: the suppression of the traditional reverse sub-inscription S C throughout; the suppression of the radiate crown of the Dupondius; the shifting of the consular dating from the obv. to the rev.; the striking of all four denominations in orichalcum; and most obviously the selection of rev. dies which reek of the East.

There is nothing like this series in the whole of Roman imperial coinage. It is a deliberate act of Orientalism, imposing the flavour of the East on a Western coinage. The key to its understanding is the reverse type of the dupondius, two crossed cornuacopiae with a winged caduceus between. It replicates the type of an obscure issue of the Galilean city of Sepphoris, an issue which had been, astonishingly, signed by Vespasian himself (ΕΠΙ ΟΥΕCΠΑCΙΑΝΟΥ, “on the authority of…”) when on duty there in the last days of Nero. The dupondius-sized bronze was accompanied by a half-unit with the type of a large, central S C – again signed by Vespasian, and now imitated on the As of the orichalcum series with the wreath of the As of Antioch (RPC I 4849-50).
The whole of this series memorializes not Vespasian the conquering general (IVDAEA CAPTA, VICTORIA AVGVSTI), but the man. His re-use of earlier coin types is well-known; here he re-uses his own, harking back to his career just prior to his final success in seizing the empire. And the series was struck in 74 A.D., co-terminous with the celebration of Vespasian’s first quinquennium.'

The coin itself is a superb example in very fine style. Beautiful dark golden patina with highlights of emerald green.
8 commentsDavid Atherton10/24/18 at 12:04Pharsalos: Great coin, beautiful and very honest surfaces.
S.803A Anglo-Saxon sceat50 viewsSecondary phase Anglo-Saxon sceat
Mint: Kent
Series K
Type 42
Abramson 41-10
O: Bust right with bird in hand, vine in hand
R: Animal (?hound) rounding bush with berries

Ex- eBay
1 commentsNap10/24/18 at 12:01Pharsalos: Wow, beautiful and very interesting. The obverse b...
Amisos, Pontos44 views300 – 125 B.C.
Silver Siglos (reduced)
3.83 gm, 15 mm
Obv.: Draped bust of Hera-Tyche right, wearing turreted stephane
Rev.: Owl facing with spread wings standing on shield; monogram to lower left.

SNG Black Sea 1110 var. (monogram);
HGC 7, 233
4 commentsJaimelai10/24/18 at 12:00Pharsalos: Very nice example
Ionia, Miletos, (cc.350-250 B.C.), AR-Hemidrachm, Deppert-Lippitz 58 (V27/R33)(?), Lion standing left, star above, #1143 viewsIonia, Miletos, (cc.350-250 B.C.), AR-Hemidrachm, Deppert-Lippitz 58 (V27/R33)(?), Lion standing left, star above, #1
avers: Laureate head of Apollo left.
reverse: Lion standing left, star above.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 10,0 mm, weight: 1,69g, axes: 0 h,
mint: Ionia, Miletos, date: cc.350-250 B.C., ref: Deppert-Lippitz 58 (V27/R33)(?).
3 commentsquadrans10/24/18 at 11:55Pharsalos: Very nice coin.
Campania, Neapolis, (275-250 B.C.), AE-18 (Obol), SNG ANS 488var. (O behind), Man-headed bull left and flying Nike, #1142 viewsCampania, Neapolis, (275-250 B.C.), AE-18 (Obol), SNG ANS 488var. (O behind), Man-headed bull left and flying Nike, #1
avers: Laureate head of Apollo left, O behind
reverse: Man-headed bull standing right, being crowned by Nike who flies above, IS in exergue.
exergue: -/-//IS, diameter:18,0mm, weight: 6,21g, axes: h,
mint: Campania, Neapolis, date: 275-250 B.C., ref: SNG ANS 488var. (O behind); Rutter, HN 589.
3 commentsquadrans10/24/18 at 11:44Pharsalos: Wonderful dies, it's a beautiful coin.
1037 Sabina As Roma 128-136 AD Concordia63 viewsReference.
RIC 1037; BMC 1891; C. 19; Strack 863

Diademed and draped bust right

Concordia seated left on throne, holding patera and resting elbow upon statue of Spes; cornucopia below throne.

11.13 gr
27 mm
5 commentsokidoki10/12/18 at 15:14Pharsalos: Stunning!
EB0006 Nymph / Man-headed bull36 viewsNeapolis, CAMPANIA, AR Nomos/2 drm., 300-281 BC.
Obverse: Diademed head of nymph left, wearing earring and necklace.
Reverse: Man-headed bull walking left, crowned by Nike above flying left.
References: Cf. GROSE 269,3 (also see SNG ANS 350-381).
Diameter: 20mm, Weight: 7.312g.
3 commentsEB10/12/18 at 15:11Pharsalos: Beautiful dies! Very nice coin.
Attica, Athens, Athena, Owl, Tetradrachm37 viewsAttica. Athens
Silver tetradrachm, ca. 454-404 BC
Av: Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye.
Rv: AΘE. Owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square.
AR, 17.16g, 23mm
Ref.: Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597.
2 commentsshanxi10/12/18 at 14:18Pharsalos: Fantastic coin, both sides.
Taxila: Anonymous (185-168 BCE) Æ 1 1/2 karshapana (AICR 1083-4; MACW 4404-7; HGC 12, 774)19 viewsObv: Elephant advancing right; before, plant
Rev: Horse prancing left; above, star
Dim: 20x15 mm, 9.51 g, 12 h
1 commentsQuant.Geek10/12/18 at 14:14Pharsalos: Excellent example.
Crawford 25/1 Didrachm25 viewsDenomination: Didrachm
Era: c. 241-235 BC
Metal: AR
Obverse: Helmeted head of beardless Mars r. Helmet decorated with gryphon.
Reverse: Horse’s head r.; behind, sickle; below truncation, ROMA.
Weight: 6.57 gm.
Reference: Crawford 25/1
Provenance: Goldberg 69 lot 3233, 31-MAY-2012

Comments: Both sides centered, but slightly short flan leaves no trace of border on either side. Tiny obverse planchet void below chin; almost imperceptible fine cleaning marks below ROMA on reverse. Otherwise, strong VF.

2 commentsSteve B510/12/18 at 14:13Pharsalos: Beautiful style, I love it.
1358 Hadrian, Cistophorus IONIA Smyrna Zeus seated31 viewsReference.
RPC III, 1358; Metcalf 29

Bare head right

Zeus seated l. on throne holding small image of Ephesian Artemis in r. and sceptre in l.; to l., eagle

10.72 gr
29 mm
4 commentsokidoki10/12/18 at 14:05Pharsalos: Very cool coin, same diameter as his sestertii!
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Q. Pomponius Musa, AR Denarius32 viewsRome, The Republic.
Q. Pomponius Musa, mid-50s BCE
AR Denarius (3.98g; 19mm).
Rome Mint.

Obverse: Laureate head of Apollo(?), hair tied-up, facing right; star behind.

Reverse: Q. POMPONI – MVSA; Urania, muse of astronomy, facing left, holding wand over globe on tripod.

References: Crawford 410/8; Sydenham 823; Pomponia 22.

Provenance: Ex William C. Boyd (d. 1906) Collection [Baldwin's 42 (26 Sep 2005), Lot 64]; bought from Spink in 1900.

Q. Pomponius Musa, who punned his name by depicting the Muses on a series of coins, is unknown except for his coins, which makes precise dating of the series difficult. For many years, scholars (including Crawford) dated the series to 66 BCE. However, the absence of any examples of the series in the large Mesagne hoard caused Hersh and Walker to bring down the date of the series to 56 BCE. Michael Harlan, retracting his reticence with the Mesagne dating, later proposed a date of 52 BCE.

There are two varieties of Musa denarii: the first depicts Apollo/Hercules Musarum (see my gallery example); the second, of which there are nine sub-varieties, depict Apollo and a Muse. The above coin is of the second variety.

Apollo is often depicted androgynously on ancient coins. The standard references consistently attribute the obverse heads on both varieties of Musa’s coins as Apollo; but the depictions are notably different between the Hercules Musarum variety and the nine Muse varieties. On Hercules variety, the deity’s hair is down and tied, and generally consistent with many depictions of Apollo on other Roman Republican coins (see, e.g., denarii of L. Calpurnius Piso and C. Calpurnius Piso). Comparatively, the head on the above Muse variety is considerably more feminine in appearance and laureate, though lacking earrings, necklaces or other feminine accents. Admittedly, this more feminine type head has also been attributed by scholars as Apollo on other coin types (see, e.g., denarii of P. Clodius and C. Considius). However, within the same series the different styled heads appear to depict different deities. Given the Muse emblems behind each head on the nine Muse types, it’s possible that the feminine heads do not represent Apollo, but the Muses themselves. Michael Harlan agrees with this interpretation in both editions of "Roman Republican Moneyers and their Coins." More research on this issue is needed.
3 commentsCarausius10/12/18 at 13:59Pharsalos: Magnificent example with a provenance to match.
Kingdom of Macedon, Alexander III 'the Great' AV Stater30 views8.57g, 18mm, 1h.
Amphipolis, circa 307-300 BC. Head of Athena right, wearing Corinthian helmet decorated with a serpent on the bowl / Nike standing left, holding wreath and stylis; trident head pointing downwards in left field, AΛEΞANΔPOY to right.
Price 172.
Very Fine.
2 commentsLeo10/12/18 at 13:56Pharsalos: Very impressive, congratulations.
RIC 70625 viewsRIC 706; Alföldi type 41, n° xx; Siscia. Bust type F, (B). Denomination: Antoninianus.

Radiate, cuirassed bust right.


Pax standing left, holding olive-branch and sceptre.

Mintmark: // XXIV

Weight: ?
Diameter: ?
Die Axis: ?

Ex Dattari
1 commentsvrtsprb10/12/18 at 13:52Pharsalos: Beautiful patina.
Quinarius, Crawford 47/120 viewsDenomination: Quinarius
Era: c. 211 BC
Metal: AR
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma r. Behind, “V” . Border of dots
Reverse: Dioscuri r.; in linear frame. “ROMA”. Line border
Weight: 2.29 gm.
Reference: Crawford 47/1a
Provenance: Private purchase from Edward Waddell 11-AUG-2010

Comments: This quinarius from an uncertain mint is characterized by it’s splayed visor of three lines with the longest line on top. Very similar to Cr. 44/6, but of a distinctly different style on both obverse and reverse. Near mint state on a slightly ovoid flan.
1 commentsSteve B510/12/18 at 13:49Pharsalos: Very pretty.
Denarius Crawford 80/1b25 viewsDenomination: Denarius
Era: c. 209-208 BC
Metal: AR
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma r. with peaked visor. Behind, “X”. Border of dots
Reverse: Dioscuri r.; in linear frame. “ROMA”. Line border
Mint: Sicily (?)
Weight: 3.65 gm.
Reference: Crawford 80/1b
Provenance: Auctiones E-Auction #5, 15-APR-2012

Comments: RRC suggests these are the anonymous sibling of the dolphin symbol series; however I believe this is a separate issue. The anonymous coins are consistently of finer style than the symboled coins. The dolphin symboled examples have a somewhat crude style which is unique to the issue, but is rarely seen on the fully anonymous coins (There are occasional exceptions to this. See the next coin in the collection).

Nearly complete and EF with iridescent toning in the recessed areas.
2 commentsSteve B510/12/18 at 13:37Pharsalos: Wow, beautiful coin.
Campania, Phistelia, SNG France 113419 viewsPhistelia, c. 325-275 BC
AG - Obol, 0.61g, max. 10.5mm, 180°
obv. Female head facing, slightly l.
rev. Lion with raised tail walking l.
in ex. snake in one coil l.
ref. SNG ANS 584; SNG France 1134; Rutter p.180, Group IV; HN Italy 619
VF, toned, small flan crack at 4 o'clock, some scratches
ex CNG Sale XXI (9./10. 9. 1994), Lot 21
ex coll. David Herman
ex CNG e-auction (20. 9. 06), Lot 93
ex coll. Jyrki Muona

From Forum Ancient Coins, thanks!

Phistelia was apparently among those Samnite cities which were destroyed by Sulla and vanished. At present it is known only by its coins.
1 commentsJochen07/28/18 at 08:45Pharsalos: Beautiful little coin!
Cyrenaica Cyrene AR Didrachm 300-290 BC 7.73g39 viewsHorned head of Carneius.Rev Silphlum plant.1 commentsGrant H07/28/18 at 08:20Pharsalos: Beautiful example of a fascinating type.
935 var. Hadrian Sestertius Roma 134-38 AD Hadrian on horseback28 viewsReference.
Banti 296 (this coin)
RIC 935 var. (bust type not listed); C. 585 var. (same); BMCRE 1689 var. (same); Strack 809; Hill 887

Bare head, draped bust right, wearing paludamentum

Hadrian, on horseback right, addressing three soldiers; one holding legionary eagle, two holding standards.

28.20 gr
31 mm

Ex Monsieur Note (1910-1982) Collection, France.= Lanz 18 1980=Banti 296
3 commentsokidoki06/30/18 at 01:50Pharsalos: That is a fantastic coin! Interesting rare type, w...
Taras diobol16 viewsCALABRIA. Taras. Ca. 325-280 BC. AR diobol (1.09 gm).
Head of Heracles facing slightly to the left, wearing lion-skin headdress / Heracles standing right, strangling the Nemean lion. HN Italy 977. SNG Copenhagen 995. Vlasto 1349. Toned. Somewhat weakly struck, but otherwise Extremely Fine.
1 commentsLeo06/15/18 at 14:25Pharsalos: Magnificent obverse die.
146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC VIII 066, -/-//SMKA, AE-2 Follis, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley, Rare !,173 views146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC VIII 066, -/-//SMKA, AE-2 Follis, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley, Rare !,
avers:- D-N-CONSTA-NS-P-F-AVG, Draped , diademed, bust right,
revers:- FEL-TEMP-REPARATIO, Emperor military dress stage left on galley, holding phoenix on globe and standard with Chi-Rho on banner, in the stern sits Victory, steering the ship. No letter on the fields !!
exe: -/-//SMKA, diameter: 23-24,5 mm, weight: 4,95g, axis: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-66 no letter is the fields!! Rare!, p-494,
3 commentsquadrans06/15/18 at 13:36Pharsalos: Wonderful style and strike!
15. Mesembria: Tetradrachm in the name of Alexander the Great.38 viewsTetradrachm, ca 250 - 175 BC, Mesembria mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΟΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. Monogram under throne, Corinthian helmet at left.
16.66 gm., 33 mm.
P. #1013.
1 commentsCallimachus06/15/18 at 13:24Pharsalos: Lovely, great strike!
09. Alexandria: Tetradrachm in the name of Alexander the Great.123 viewsTetradrachm, ca 310 - 305 BC, Alexandria (Egypt) mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander with Horn of Ammon, wearing elephant skin headdress.
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Athena carrying shield and hurling spear. Also small eagle sitting on thunderbolt at right. Two monograms: one at left, one at right.
15.10 gm., 26 mm.
S. #7749; BMC 6.6, 46.

You may have noticed that I refer to the obverse portraits on the Alexander the Great coins as "Head of Alexander as Herakles." Much has been written about these portraits as to whether or not they really portray Alexander's likeness. There can be no doubt, however, that the portrait on this coin was intended to be that of Alexander. Ptolemy issued this coin in the name of Alexander while he was Satrap of Egypt. The elephant skin headdress was probably inspired by the lion's skin headdress on Alexander's own coins. It likely refers to Alexander's conquests in India where he defeated an Indian army with 200 elephants. Beneath the elephant skin headdress, right above his ear, Alexander wears the Horn of Zeus Ammon. The priests of Zeus Ammon recognized Alexander as divine when he visited Egypt in 331 BC.
4 commentsCallimachus06/08/18 at 11:58Pharsalos: Wonderful obverse.
03. Alexander the Great.141 viewsTetradrachm, ca 325 - 323 BC, "Babylon" mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. M and a bee at left, monogram under throne.
17.12 gm., 26 mm.
P. #3619; M. #696.

Martin J. Price assigns this coin to the mint at "Babylon," but he says (p. 456 -57) it is possible that coins of "group two" may have been minted at Susa or Ecbatana.
3 commentsCallimachus06/08/18 at 11:56Pharsalos: Beautiful example!
Price 357526 viewsBoar to the left. CNG 421 lot 81 but I am using the pic from the former sale in HD Rauch 97 lot 109, since its a much better image. Sold for €520 in that auction. (4/14/15 €-$ 1.065) . CNG mentioned previous sale as Ex Áureo & Calicó 293 lot 2018 but that is incorrect info. Also says "From the Collection of José Miguel Márquez del Prado" From my limited research the Price 3575s with the "hairy" boar and angled footstool for Zeus are much less common than the "bald" boar and horizontal footstool style.1 commentsChance Vandal05/31/18 at 14:56Pharsalos: Gorgeous coin, the boar and Zeus' portrait are...
Denar, RIC 3, p.271, 715 - Faustina II, Salus 31 viewsFaustina II
Obv.: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right
Rev.: SALVS, Salus standing left, feeding snake twined round altar, holding scepter
Ag, 3.18g
Ref.: RIC III 715 var., rare hairstyle variation, CRE 216 [R3]
Ex HD Rauch, auction 106, lot 229

for the same type, but with common hairstyle click here

2 commentsshanxi05/31/18 at 14:53Pharsalos: Beautiful portrait.
Tiberius Caesar AR Denarius - "Tribute Penny"21 viewsRoman Empire, Tiberius Caesar AR Denarius, Rome Mint
weight = 3.79g
NGC AU* - Strike 5/5 - Surface 4/5 - Fine Style [4164456-001]
1 commentsKevin P05/31/18 at 14:48Pharsalos: Magnificent portrait, stunning example!
Attica, Athens AR Tetradrachm25 viewsAttica, Athens AR Tetradrachm, Circa 460-440 BC
weight = 17.00g, 25 mm
NGC AU* - Strike 5/5 - Surface 5/5 - Die Shift [4163031-001]

Obv: Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet ornamented with laurel leaves and vine scroll
Rev: ΑΘΕ, Owl with wings folded standing right, head facing; behind, olive-spray and crescent; all within incuse square

Kroll 8. Dewing 1591-8. SNG Copenhagen 31. Ex. Stacks Coin Galleries sale of November 1992, Lot 108.
1 commentsKevin P05/31/18 at 14:45Pharsalos: Lovely coin and toning.
Corinth_AR_Stater21 views1 commentsKevin P05/31/18 at 14:44Pharsalos: Gorgeous example!
Calabria, Taras (c. 344-340 B.C.), Silver Stater.86 views8.03g., 2h
Naked youth on a horse pacing right, crowning the horse with a wreath held in his extended right hand, K(KAA?) and an upright club below the horse, rev. TAP-A-Σ, Phalanthos riding on a dolphin left, holding a kantharos in his extended right hand, and a trident and a shield in his left, Ω below dolphin's tail, waves below.
Fischer-Bossert, Group 49, 685 (V260/R532); Vlasto 509 (these dies); SNG Lloyd 173 (these dies); SNG ANS 960; HN Italy 887. An exceptional example, well-struck from fresh dies and perfectly centred on a flan of good metal, extremely fine and most attractive.
From Sovereign Rarities (2018)

The "K" or "KAL" engraver was one of the finest Greek masters working in the 4th century. His work though rare, can also be found on coins from Heraklea, Metapontion, and Thouroi.
4 commentsLeo05/31/18 at 14:42Pharsalos: Incredible, breathtaking quality and style. Is the...
Vespasian-RIC-1432142 viewsAR Denarius, 3.29g
Ephesus Mint, 71 AD
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS III TR P P P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: PACI AVGVSTAE; Victory adv. l., with wreath and palm; at lower l., EPHE
RIC 1432 (R2). BMC p. 96, *. RSC 281. RPC 834 (2 spec.). BNC 354.
Acquired from Pavlos S. Pavlov, May 2018.

Victory advancing left was a commonly struck reverse type at Ephesus up until Vespasian's COS III issue. From this issue going forward, the mint favoured the Victory advancing right and sparingly struck the advancing left variant. As a matter of fact, the left Victory virtually disappears by the time the COS V issue was produced. So, a very rare type for COS III - just 2 Victory left specimens versus 14 right specimens cited in RPC.

Fabulous Ephesian style!

12 commentsDavid Atherton05/31/18 at 14:37Pharsalos: Beautiful dies!
Nero duponius29 viewsNero, dupondius
Rome mint, struck circa AD 64.
29.5 mm, 13.35 g.
Obv. NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P, radiate head right.
Rev. VICTORIA AVGVSTI, S-C across fields, Victory flying left holding wreath and palm branch, II mark of value in exergue.
RIC I 198
3 commentsMarsman05/21/18 at 10:56Pharsalos: Beautiful style.
ROMAN REPUBLIC - Musa - AR Denarius41 viewsRome, The Republic.
Q. Pomponius Musa, 56-52 BCE
AR Denarius (3.76g; 20mm).
Rome Mint.

Obv: Q•POMPONI – MVSA; Head of Apollo facing right, hair tied with band.

Rev: HERCVLES – MVSARVM; Hercules facing right, wearing lion skin and playing lyre.

References: Crawford 410/1; Sydenham 810; Pomponia 8.

Provenance: Ex Collection of an English Amateur Scholar [NAC 92 (May 2016) Lot 1669]; Munzen und Medaillen XIX (Jun 1959) Lot 98; L. Hamburger 95 (1932} Lot 238; Manuel Vidal Quadras y Ramon (d. 1894) Collection [E. Bourgey (Nov 1913) Lot 526].

Q. Pomponius Musa punned his name by depicting the Muses on a series of coins. Musa’s coins have long been favorites of Roman Republican collectors both for their high-style and because they form a mini-series within the larger series of Republican moneyer coins. Basically, they're fun-to-collect tray candy.

Musa is unknown except for his coins, which, combined with scant hoard evidence, makes precise dating of the series difficult. For many years, scholars (including Crawford) dated the series to 66 BCE. However, the absence of any examples of the series in the large Mesagne hoard caused Hersh and Walker to bring down the date of the series to 56 BCE. In "Roman Moneyers and Their Coins" (2nd ed), Michael Harlan suggested a later date of 52 BCE due to the large number of moneyers attributed from 57-54.

This example of Musa's series does not depict a Muse at all, but Hercules Musarum – Hercules as patron of the Muses. In 187 BCE, Marcus Fulvius Nobilior, celebrating victories in Greece, dedicated a Temple of Hercules Musarum in Rome, near the Circus Flaminius. This round temple contained statues of Hercules and the nine Muses. It is possible that the reverses of Musa’s coins depict the actual statues contained within this temple, which were likely brought back to Rome as spoils from Greece. Over 100 years after this temple was consecrated, Cicero praised Nobilior for honoring poetry and the arts in his victory over the Greeks.

Apollo is often depicted androgynously on ancient coins. The standard references consistently attribute the obverse heads on all varieties of Musa’s coins as Apollo; but the depictions are notably different between the Hercules Musarum variety and the nine Muse varieties. On the above coin, the deity’s hair is down and tied, and generally consistent with many depictions of Apollo on other Roman Republican coins (see, e.g., denarii of L. Calpurnius Piso and C. Calpurnius Piso). Comparatively, the head on the Muse varieties of this series are considerably more feminine in appearance and laureate, though lacking earrings, necklaces or other feminine accents. Admittedly, this more feminine type head has also been attributed by scholars as Apollo on other coin types (see, e.g., denarii of P. Clodius and C. Considius). However, within the same series the different styled heads appear to depict different deities. Given the Muse emblems behind each head on the nine Muse types, it’s possible that the feminine heads are not Apollo, but the Muses themselves. Michael Harlan agrees with this interpretation in both editions of "Roman Republican Moneyers and their Coins." More research on this issue is needed.
3 commentsCarausius05/21/18 at 10:55Pharsalos: Stunning coin and very interesting.
1ab_2 Marcus Licinius Crassus35 viewsFormed First Triumvirate with Caesar and Pompey in 60 BC, killed at Carrhae in Parthia in 53 BC.

Denarius, minted by son, P Licinius Crassus, ca 54 BC.
Bust of Venus, right, SC behind
Amazon with horse, P CRASSVS MF.

Seaby, Licinia 18

These coins were probably minted to pay Crassus' army for the invasion of Parthia, which led to its destruction. My synthesis of reviewing 90 examples of this issue revealed a female warrior wearing a soft felt Scythian cap with ear flaps (visible in this example); a fabric garment with a decorated skirt to the knees; probably trousers; an ornate war belt; a baldric; a cape, animal skin, or shoulder cord on attached to the left shoulder; and decorated calf-high boots. She matches the historically confirmed garb of the real amazons—Scythian horsewomen—and of course holds her steed. The horse’s tack is consistent with archeological discoveries of tack in use by Scythians and Romans.

Adrienne Mayor writes that amazon imagery on Greek vases suddenly appeared in 575-550 BC, initially depicting them in Greek-style armor. By the end of the century, as the Greeks learned more through direct and indirect contact with Scythians, they began to appear wearing archeologically confirmed Scythian-Sarmatian-Thracian patterned attire. (Adrienne Mayor, The Amazons: Lives and Legends of Warrior Women Across the Ancient World, Princeton, Princeton University Press, 2014, 199-200). To this, artists added their own creative ideas regarding colors, fabric patterns, and decorations. “They dressed the warrior women in body-hugging ‘unitards’ or tunics, short chitons or belted dresses, sometimes over leggings or trousers. . . . In paintings and sculpture, pointed or soft Scythian caps with earflaps or ties (kidaris) soon replaced the Greek helmets, and the women wear a variety of belts, baldrics (diagonal straps), corselets, shoulder cords or bands, and crisscrossing leather straps attached to belt loops like those worn by the archer huntress Artemis. . . . Amazon footgear included soft leather moccasin-like shoes, calf-high boots (endromides), or taller laced boots (embades) with scallops or flaps and lined with felt or fur.” (Mayor, 202)

The artists apparently had detailed knowledge of gear used by real Scythian horsewomen to equip their imagined Amazons. “Archeological discoveries of well-preserved sets of clothing confirm that real horsewomen of ancient Scythian lands dressed much as did those described in Greek texts and illustrated in Scythian and Greek artwork.” (Mayor, 203)
2 commentsBlindado05/06/18 at 04:16Pharsalos: Beautiful coin and interesting information.
THESSALY, Pharsalos.29 viewsTHESSALY, Pharsalos. Late 5th-mid 4th century BC. AR Hemidrachm (14mm, 2.90 g, 3h). Helmeted head of Athena right; T/IΠ to left / Φ-A-P-Σ, head of horse right within incuse circle. Lavva 124 (V58/R71); BCD Thessaly I –; cf. BCD Thessaly II 668.3; HGC 4, 633. VF.

Ex. BCD Collection
1 commentsRob D05/06/18 at 03:45Pharsalos: Very beautiful.
Probus Antoninianus182 viewsIMP CM AVR PROBVS P AVG
Radiate and cuirassed bust of Probus right

Emperor on horseback trampling enemy, a shield in left hand, spear in right. A shield on the ground under the horse.

Bust type B

Serdica mint, 280-281 AD
4th emission, 3rd officina


RIC 880 (C).

EF with wonderful smooth dark brown/black glossy patina. Even nicer in hand.

Ex-Calgary Coin; Ex-George W. La Borde collection

Published on
15 commentsJay GT405/06/18 at 03:38Pharsalos: Superb example!
Sicily Gela AR Tetradrachm circa 420-415 BC25mm 17.26g 4h.Jenkins 468 O90/R180 From the Colin E. Pitchfork collection purchased fron Freeman & Sear 1-17-0469 viewsCharoteer driving slow quadriga right,above Nike flying left crowning horses with open wreath held in both hands,heron standing right in exergue head lowered.Rev forepart of man-headed bull within shallow concave incuse circle.1 commentsGrant H04/19/18 at 15:42Pharsalos: Breathtaking reverse
Sicily Gela AR Tetradrachm circa 480-470 BC 17.30 g 25mm 1h Jenkins 104 O32/R59101 viewsCharioteer driving slow quadriga right,Nike flying right crowning the horses with wreath.Rev forepart of man-headed bull [Gelas] right of fine style.
EX The New York sale 42,lot 25 Ira & Larry Goldberg
EX. The Dionysus collection.
EX.Roma E3 LOT 49 11-30-13
4 commentsGrant H04/19/18 at 15:39Pharsalos: Gorgeous, great details and toning.
Greek, Sicily, Gela, AR Tetradrachm circa 450 - 440 BC 25mm 1723g 9h. Jenkins the coinage of Gela 342.4101 viewsQuadriga driven slowly to right by a bearded charioteer, above Nike flying right to crown the horses,in exergue palmettte with tendrils. Rev forepart of man-headed bull,the river god Gelas right.
ex Nomos auction 14 lot 50 5-17-17, ex The Stoecklin collection bought from bank Leu.ex Munzen und Medaillen auction X, 22 June 1951, lot 192, ex V.J.E. Ryan sold by Glendinings November 24th 1950 lot 1499a.
3 commentsGrant H04/19/18 at 15:31Pharsalos: Magnificent!
Roman Imperial: Constantine I (307-337) Æ Follis, Heraclea (RIC VII 16)36 viewsObv: IMP CONSTA-NTINVS AVG; Laureate and draped bust left, holding mappa in right hand and globe with scepter in left hand
Rev: PROVIDEN-TIA AVGG; Campgate with seven layers, three turrets, no doors, no star above; MHTB in exergue
3 commentsQuant.Geek04/19/18 at 15:24Pharsalos: Excellent portrait!
rsc14628 viewsElagabalus
AR Antoninianus

Obv: IMP ANTONINVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus right
Rev: P M TR P II COS II P P, Providentia standing facing, head left, leaning on column, legs crossed, holding wand over globe at her feet, and cornucopia.
22 mm, 5.67 gms

RSC 146, RIC 22
1 commentsCharles M04/19/18 at 15:19Pharsalos: Nice example.
BUST TYPE: H7 = Radiate bust right in imperial mantle (toga picta and tunica palmata) without scipio
WEIGHT 3.81g / AXIS: h / WIDTH 21mm
Note: very rare and desirable bust type !
6th specimen of this type known to me
1 commentsBarnaba604/19/18 at 15:05Pharsalos: Beautiful, wonderfully engraved dies.
Vardanes I (40-47 AD)33 viewsVardanes I (40-47 AD)
AE Chalkous 11mm/1.8gr..
Obverse- Bust left with short beard, wearing diadem and spiral torque; hair in three distinct waves with earring visible; diadem pendants shown as three lines; circular border of pellets.
Reverse- Monogram ΜΤΘ; legend as dashes
Mint- Mithradatkart-Near modern Askabad in Turkmenistan.
Ref- Sellwood 64 type variant (ΜΤΘ monogram) This is quite a rare type
1 commentsPaul R304/19/18 at 14:59Pharsalos: Very interesting and rare!
179 Honorius ( 393-423 A.D.), Alexandria, RIC X 157 (Arcadius), -/-//ALEA, AE-3, GLORIA ROMANORVM, Three emperors standing side by side, Scarce! #198 views179 Honorius ( 393-423 A.D.), Alexandria, RIC X 157 (Arcadius), -/-//ALEA, AE-3, GLORIA ROMANORVM, Three emperors standing side by side, Scarce! #1
avers:- D N HONORI VS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, star behind head.
revers:- GLORI A ROMA NORVM, Three emperors ( Arcadius, Honorius, and Theodosius II ) standing side by side holding spears, the two outer ones taller, each resting hand on shield, the middle one holding a globe.
exerg: -/-//ALEA, diameter: 13,7 mm, weight: 1,66g, axes: 0h,
mint: Alexandria, date:406-408 A.D., ref: RIC X 157 (Arcadius), p-252, Scarce!
2 commentsquadrans03/30/18 at 12:51Pharsalos: Exceptional for the type.
LUCANIA, Velia. Circa 300-280 BC. AR Nomos48 views22mm, 7.46 g, 11h

Philistion Group. Helmeted head of Athena right, griffin on bowl / Lion standing right; die erasure below. Williams 394 (O197/R278); HN Italy 1301; SNG ANS 1397; SNG Ashmolean 1392; BMC 110; McClean 1470 (all from the same dies). VF, toned.

Ex Seaby Coin & Medal Bulletin 818 (March 1987), no. B34.
2 commentsLeo03/30/18 at 01:07Pharsalos: Superb example
WEIGHT 3.36g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21mm
2 commentsBarnaba603/20/18 at 10:28Pharsalos: Very impressive.
Ancient India13 viewsDate: circa 650-300BC
Obverse: Septa-radiate symbol stamped at each end of the bar.
Reverse: Blank

Description: Persian occupation of the area influenced the coinage of the time resulting in these double siglos denomination bars of relatively pure silver
1 commentsecoli03/20/18 at 10:25Pharsalos: Beautiful and interesting.
Maximinus I. AD 235-238. AR Denarius.41 viewsLaureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / Providentia standing left, holding wand over globe and cornucopia.
Rome mint. Superb obverse / VF.
2 commentsSam03/20/18 at 10:23Pharsalos: Magnificent portrait.
03 Constantius II51 viewsConstantius II

Antioch, AE 2
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left with spiral shield, spearing a fallen horseman who is bearded, clutching the horse's neck. Γ in left field. Mintmark ANZ. RIC VIII Antioch 135
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)03/20/18 at 10:20Pharsalos: Awesome shield!
ROMAN REPUBLIC - AR Didrachm - Crawford 26/171 viewsRome, The Republic.
Anonymous, 234-231 BCE.
AR Didrachm (6.74g; 20mm).

Obv: Laureate head of Apollo facing right.

Rev: Horse rearing left; ROMA above.

Reference: Crawford 26/1; Sydenham 27.

Provenance: Ex Kuenker (25 Sep 2017) Lot 508; ex Bernhard Terletzkli Collection; ex Dr. Hagen Tronnier Collection; ex Kunker Auction 94 (2004), Lot 1650; ex Auctiones 10 (1979), Lot 303.
4 commentsCarausius03/07/18 at 11:41Pharsalos: Beautiful coin.
175 - Constantius Gallus - AE2 - RIC VIII Antioch 13476 viewsObv:– DN CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, Bare, bust draped and cuirassed right
Rev:– FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Soldier spearing fallen horseman, who is bare headed, reaching backwards
Minted in Antioch (Gamma | _ // ANA), A.D. 350-355
Reference:– RIC VIII Antioch 134
2 commentsmaridvnvm02/27/18 at 08:41Pharsalos: Gorgeous example, beautiful style and some great d...
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - RIC VIII Antioch 13575 viewsObv:- DN CONSTAN - TIVS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:- FEL TEMP RE - PARATIO, Helmeted soldier to left, shield on left arm, spearing falling horseman; shield on ground at right. Horseman is bearded and falls forward clutching horse's neck (type FH4)
Minted in Antioch. (Gamma | _ //ANB). A.D. 350-355
Reference:- RIC VIII, Antioch 135
2 commentsmaridvnvm02/27/18 at 08:37Pharsalos: Stunning coin, one of the finest I've seen.
34. Baktria: Euthydemos II.97 viewsTetradrachm, ca 190-170 BC.
Obverse: Diademed bust of Euthydemos II.
Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΕΥΘΥΔΗΜΟΥ / Herakles standing, holding wreath, club, and lion's skin. PK monogram at left.
16.90 gm., 30 cm.
Sear #7536; Bepearachchi Serie 1C.
2 commentsCallimachus02/23/18 at 10:40Pharsalos: Gorgeous example!
Struck A.D.383 - 386. AELIA FLACCILLA (Wife of Theodosius I). AE2 of Antioch34 viewsObverse: AEL FLACCILLA AVG. Pearl-diademed and draped bust of Aelia Flaccilla, wearing pearl necklace and earring, facing right.
Reverse: SALVS REIPVBLICAE. Victory seated on cippus facing right and inscribing Christogram (Chi-Rho) on shield which is also set on a short column (cippus). In right field, T; in exergue, ANTE.
RIC IX : 61

Aelia Flaccilla was the wife of Theodosius I, and the mother of Arcadius and Honorius. She died in A.D.386.
4 comments*Alex02/23/18 at 10:36Pharsalos: Beautiful example.
38 viewsRoman Empire, Caracalla 198-217, Denarius; 3.32g
"IMP CAES M AVR ANTON AVG" Laureate, draped bust of Caracalla right.
"SECVRIT ORBIS" Securitas seated on a throne with cornucopiae and scepter.
RSC III 571b
1 commentspaul188802/23/18 at 10:20Pharsalos: Very pretty example.
41 viewsHadrian (A.D. 117 - 138), Silver Denarius. Mint of Rome, struck A.D. 134 - 138. HADRIANVS - AVG COS III P P, bare head of Hadrian facing right, rev. AEGYPTOS, Aegyptos reclining left, holding a sistrum, her left arm resting on a basket, an Ibis at her feet, 3.48g, 6h (C. 99; RIC 297)2 commentspaul188802/23/18 at 10:17Pharsalos: Magnificent coin; beautiful style and incredible r...
ROMAN REPUBLIC, C. Vibius Pansa Denarius44 viewsRome, The Republic.
C. Vibius Pansa, 90 BCE.
AR Denarius (3.87g).

Obv: PANSA; mask of Pan, facing right.

Rev: C. VIBIV[S C F]; mask of Silenus, facing right.

Reference: Crawford 342/2; Sydenham 688 (R6); BMCRR Rome 2309

Provenance: ex E.E. Clain-Stefanelli (d. 2001) Collection [NAC 92 (23 May 2016), Lot 308]; ex Munzen und Medaillen 61 (7-8 Oct 1982), Lot 266; ex Auctiones 7 (1977), Lot 554.

Naming puns on ancient coins became popular early with the Greeks (i.e. celery plant on coins of Selinos) and continued with the Romans. C. Vibius Pansa liked to joke about his name by depicting Pan on his coins. This denarius is a rare variety with the names beneath the portraits, rather than behind. Silenus’ portrait has a characteristic die break in the eye socket that nearly all coins struck from this die share - see Crawford's plate coin and RBW's coin for other examples of this die break. Either the die failed early, or most extant specimens were struck late.
3 commentsCarausius02/20/18 at 09:57Pharsalos: Magnificent Pan, amazing coin.
ROMAN IMPERATORIAL, Restio AR Denarius34 viewsRome, The Republic
C. Antius Restiio, 47 BC
Rome Mint

Obv: RESTIO; Head of Restio right.

Rev: C ANTIVS C F; Hercules advancing right with club and trophy.

Reference: Crawford 455/1b; HCRI 34; Sydenham 970 var (no cloak over arm); Banti Antia 1/2 (this coin illustrated)

Provenance: ex Student & Mentor Collection [NAC 83 (20 May 2015) Lot 411]; ex F. Sternberg VII (1977), Lot 448; ex Carlo Crippa List 3 (1967), Lot 394.

This is a rare variety of Restio denarius, on which Hercules bears no cloak over his left arm. Banti's corpus contains only three examples of this variety, one of which is this coin.
2 commentsCarausius02/16/18 at 20:08Pharsalos: Amazing coin, the obverse bust is breathtaking.
ROMAN REPUBLIC - AR Didrachm - Quadrigatus (Crawford 29/3)51 viewsRome, The Republic.
Anonymous, 225-214 BCE
AR Didrachm/Quadrigatus (6.91g; 22mm).

Obv: Janiform head.

Rev: Jupiter and Victory in quadriga galloping right; beneath, ROMA in relief on raised tablet.

Reference: Crawford 29/3; Sydenham 64d

Provenance: ex Numismatik Lanz 163 (7 Dec 2016), Lot 154; Gorny & Mosch 69 (1994), Lot 493.

The last few series of Roman silver didrachm coinage, produced from 225-214 BCE, are nicknamed "quadrigati" because of the common reverse type of Jupiter and Victory in a fast quadriga. Crawford's arrangement of quadrigati into distinct series requires a great amount of study to understand. Collectors and dealers alike often misattribute quadrigati among Crawford's series.

This example is from the Crawford 29 series, recognizable by the "V" neck truncation on the Janiform head, and the ROMA inscription in relief on a trapezoidal tablet. Crawford also recognized an incuse variety of this series, again with a fully-trapezoidal tablet. Crawford 29 series flans are generally well made.
5 commentsCarausius02/16/18 at 20:04Pharsalos: Superb style!
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Spinther AR Denarius71 viewsRome, The Republic.
Pub. Lentulus P.f.L.n. Spinther, 71 BCE.
AR Denarius (3.85g; 18mm).
Rome Mint

Obv: Q●S●C; Hercules head right.

Rev: P●LENT●P●F / [L]●N; Genius Romani seated facing on chair, holding coruncopia and scepter, being crowned by Victory.

Provenance: ex Collection of a Director [Triton XX (10 Jan 2017) Lot 525; ex Eton College Collection [Sotheby's (1 Dec 1976) Lot 219).

In my humble opinion, this is one of the more artistic reverse types of the Roman Republic denarius series – almost Greek in execution. It depicts Genius of the Roman People exerting dominance over the world with one foot on the globe while being crowned victorious. The message may be related to the ongoing wars with Sertorius in Spain, Mithridates in the East and possibly the servile revolt led by Spartacus in Italy (if the 71BC date proposed by Hersh and Walker is accepted, see below). Other members of the Cornelia gens also depicted Genius of the Roman People on their coinages, so the cult of Genius may have been important to the family, or it may be coincidental that the Corneliae happened to strike these coins during strife when the message of the Genius of the Roman People would have been appropriate. Crawford agrees with the latter explanation. SC [Senatus consulto] in the obverse legend suggests it was struck by special decree of the Roman Senate.

The coin is scarce and missing from many major hoards, making it difficult to precisely date. In fact, it’s listed in only four hoards on Table XIII in Crawford’s Roman Republican Coin Hoards. Of those four hoards: in two hoards (Cosa and Palestrina), it’s deemed the final issue (terminus ante quem), lacking the context of later coins; in the third hoard (Tolfa), it’s the next to last issue with the last being a serrate denarius of Q. Creperei Rocus, which Crawford dates to 72BC; and in the fourth hoard (San Gregorio), it appears in the middle context in which Rocus is again the next latest coin. Crawford’s Roman Republican Coinage dates the coin 74BC, concurring with Grueber’s dating in the British Museum Catalogue. David Sear stuck with Crawford’s dating of 74BC in the Millennium Edition of Roman Coins and Their Values. However, in their 1984 analysis of the Mesagne Hoard (which contained no examples of this coin), Hersh and Walker revised the dating to 71BC, which lumps the Spinther issue with several other, non-serrate, “SC” issues of the late 70s. Hersh and Walker re-date the serrate Rocus issue to 69BC, where it is lumped with other serrate issues. In my collection catalogue, I’ve chosen to use the 71BC date proposed by Hersh and Walker, because it fits neatly with the fabric and special circumstances of the coinage and is consistent with the cursus honorum dates discussed in the following paragraph.

The moneyer was the Quaestor, P. Cornelius Lentulus, whose nickname was Spinther (reportedly because he resembled an actor by that name). It was a nickname that he clearly liked as both he and his son later used it on coins. Spinther, an aristocrat of the Cornelia gens, was liked by Julius Caesar and rose through the cursus honorum, beginning with his Quaestorship when this coin was struck. He was elected Aedile in 63BC and worked with Cicero in suppressing the Cataline conspiracy. The date of his Aedileship is important in that 6-8 years was the required waiting period between Quaestor and Aedile in the cursus honorum, the career path for a Roman politician, which is consistent with Hersh and Walker’s proposed dating of this coin issue to 71BC; Crawford’s dating of 74BC implied that Spinther failed to reach the Aedileship for several years after he qualified for the position (being elected in the first qualification year was an important distinction to the Romans, though certainly an accomplishment that many Roman aristocrats failed to attain). He was later governor of part of Spain. With Caesar’s help, he was elected consul in 57BC, when he recalled Cicero from exile. Thereafter he governed Cilicia, at which time Cicero wrote him a still-surviving letter. As relations deteriorated between Caesar and Pompey, Spinther sided with Pompey. Despite initial offers of amnesty by Caesar, Spinther would not remain neutral and was eventually killed or committed suicide during the civil wars. His son later allied with Caesar’s assassins and struck the well-known LENTVLVS SPINT coins for both Brutus and Cassius.

This example comes from the Eton College Collection, which was auctioned by Sotheby’s in 1976. Eton College initiated its ancient coin collection by acquiring a large group of British Museum duplicates in the 1870s, and Eton added to this collection in the ensuing years. By the mid-1970s, the ancient coin market was white-hot, and Eton decided to cash-out the lion’s share of its collection, keeping a representative core for study purposes. I’ve contacted the British Museum’s Department of Coins and Medals to link this coin to the original tranche of BM duplicates purchased by Eton. Unfortunately, before adoption of modern curatorial standards, the BM did not accession duplicates into the BM collection; rather, they simply put duplicates into the “duplicates cabinet” without cataloging them. These uncatalogued duplicates would be sold or traded from time to time to acquire needed specimens for the BM collection. There might be record of the transaction somewhere at the BM, but there would be no description of the duplicates sold. By 1980 or so, the BM began cataloguing all coins, even duplicates. There is an 1880s book published about Eton's Roman coin collection, but it describes only a representative sample of the collection and this coin is not included.

6 commentsCarausius02/16/18 at 20:01Pharsalos: Truly stunning example of this rare and beautiful ...
Thessaly, Larissa, Nymph Larissa, Horse33 viewsLarissa, Thessaly
AR Drachm (380-337 BC. )
Obv.: Head of nymph Larissa facing, head turned slightly to left, wearing ampyx, earring and simple necklace
Rev: [ΛΑ]-Ρ-ΙΣΑ, Hero Thessalos wearing petasos and chlamys, standing right, left foot raised, restraining bridled horse moving right.
Ag, 5.76g, 18mm
Ref.: Lorber, Middle Series III, O1/R4.
2 commentsshanxi02/16/18 at 19:54Pharsalos: Beautiful example of a scarce type.
Denar, RIC 3, p.272, 734 - Faustina II, Venus19 viewsFaustina Minor
Augusta AD 146 - winter 175/176
Obv.: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right, waved hair knotted behind, band of bearls
Rev.: VENVS GENETRIX, Venus standing left, holding Victory and leaning on figured shield with Dioscuri
Ag, 3.24g. 18m
Ref.: RIC III 734 var., RSC 280a

for the same type, but bust without band of pearls click here

1 commentsshanxi02/16/18 at 19:50Pharsalos: Another beautiful example.
Denar, RIC 3, p.272, 734 - Faustina II, Venus28 viewsFaustina Minor
Augusta AD 146 - winter 175/176
Obv.: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right, waved hair knotted behind
Rev.: VENVS GENETRIX, Venus standing left, holding Victory and leaning on figured shield with Dioscuri, helmet below shield
Ag, 3.39g. 18.8mm
Ref.: RIC III 734, RSC 280a, CRE 227 [S]

for the same type, but bust with band of pearls click here

3 commentsshanxi02/16/18 at 19:48Pharsalos: Superb strike.
Roman Imperial: Constantius II (337-361) AR Siliqua (RIC VIII 214; RSC V 259a) 20 viewsObv: DN CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG; Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev: VICTORIA DD NN AVG; Victory walking left, holding wreath and palm, one wing visible; LVG in exergue

Ex Harptree Hoard
1 commentsQuant.Geek02/16/18 at 19:46Pharsalos: Beautiful coin, great provenance.
Price 370443 viewsSeleukos issued 317-311. Mongram wreath to the left. H under the throne. Basileus under the H. 1 commentsChance Vandal02/16/18 at 19:44Pharsalos: Beautiful style. One of the finest Zeus' I'...
Roman Empire, Constantius II62 viewsConstantius II

Antioch, AE 2
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, horseman standing left, spearing a fallen horseman who is bearded, hair in braids, clutching the horse's neck. Γ in left field. Mintmark ANA.
RIC VIII Antioch 135
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)02/16/18 at 19:33Pharsalos: Really nice style both sides.
Macedonian Kingdom: Alexander III ' the Great' (336-323 BCE) AR Tetradrachm, Myriandros or Issos (Price 3230a)48 viewsObv: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion's skin headdress
Rev: Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, monogram above club in wreath and globule; monogram below throne; AΛEΞANΔPOY to right
2 commentsQuant.Geek02/16/18 at 19:31Pharsalos: Lovely looking coin.
Calabria, Taras Drachm circa 280-27234 viewsAR 16mm., 3.21g. Head of Athena l., wearing helmet decorated with Skylla. Rev. Owl standing r. on thunderbolt, with open wings. Vlasto 1077. Historia Numorum Italy 1018.

Attractive old cabinet tone, Good Very Fine.
2 commentsLeo02/16/18 at 19:29Pharsalos: Beautiful!
PARTHIA/PERSIA, Unknown King, 80 - 70 BC83 viewsAR tdr., 15,65gr, 29,2mm; Sellwood 30.2, Shore --, Sunrise 311 (Arsakes XVI. 78/77-62/1);
Mint: Seleukia, axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/ diadem, knot and 1 broad ribbon; mustache, medium-long hair in 3 waves; torque w/single pellet finial; cuirass; dotted border 8-15:30h;
rev.: archer, right, on throne, w/bow in right hand; composite monogram above bow; 7-line legend: BAΣIΛEΩΣ MEΓAΛOY APΣAKOY ΘEOΠATOPOΣ EYEPΓETOY EΠIΦANOYΣ ΦIΛEΛΛΗNOΣ; exergual line;
3 commentsSchatz12/25/17 at 06:24Pharsalos: Gorgeous tetradrachm.
PARTHIA/PERSIA, Unknown King, 80 - 70 BC 89 viewsAR tdr., 15,85gr, 29,5mm; Sellwood 30.7, Shore 130 (Orodes I.), Sunrise 313 (Arsakes XVI.);
mint; Seleukia, axis: 13h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/diadem, knot and 2 broad ribbons; hair medium long in 4 waves; mustache w/turned-up ends, short beard; torque w/single pellet finial; cuirass; complete dotted border;
rev.: archer, right, w/bow in right hand; above bow a monogram consisting of K in a circle; 7-line legend: BAΣIΛEΩΣ MEΓAΛOV APΣAKOV (Θ)EOΠATOPOΣ EVERΓETOV EΠIΦANOVΣ ΦIΛEΛΛΗNOΣ; exergual line.

3 commentsSchatz12/25/17 at 06:22Pharsalos: Breathtaking, utterly amazing strike and style!
PARTHIA/PERSIA, Unknown King, 80 - 70 BC67 viewsAR tdr., 15,82gr., 28,2mm;
Sellw. 30.4, Sh --, Sunrise 312 (this coin; Arsakes XVI., 78/77 - 62/61 BC;
mint: Seleukia, axis: 12H;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/diadem, knot, and ribbon; medium h-long hair in 4 waves, mustache, short beard; cuirass; dotted border 18:30 - 13h; young face;
rev: archer, right, on throne, w/bow; monogr. above bow; 7-line legend: BAΣIΛEΩΣ MEΓAΛOY APΣAKOY (ΘEO)ΠATOPOΣ (EY)EPΓETOY EΠIΦANOYΣ ΦIΛEΛΛHNO(Σ);

ex: The New York Sale, Baldwin Auction XXXvii (5. Jan. 2016),
ex: The Sunrise Collection, p.182, #312.

A Sunrise plate coin, also in:, Les Différents Types.
2 commentsSchatz12/25/17 at 06:17Pharsalos: Amazing coin, wonderful portrait!
RIC 0393 Domitian denarius101 viewsIMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P V
Laureate head right

Minerva standing left with spear

Rome 85 AD (6th issue)


RIC 393 (R)

Ex-Calgary Coin
7 commentsJay GT412/25/17 at 06:12Pharsalos: Wonderful, artistic obverse!
EB0503 Severus Alexander / Jupiter with thunderbolt20 viewsSeverus Alexander, AR Denarius, 231 AD.
Obv: IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: IOVI PROPVGNATORI, Jupiter standing front, head right, naked but for cape flowing out to right, preparing to hurl thunderbolt.
References: RIC 235; Sear 7870; RSC 76.
Diameter: 19mm, Weight: 2.813 grams.
1 commentsEB12/25/17 at 06:10Pharsalos: Beautiful coin, magnificent Jupiter and a nice obv...
Siscia, RIC VIII 218, 146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), AE-2 Follis, -/-//BSISsymbol2M, AE-2 Follis, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Tree, #1130 viewsSiscia, RIC VIII 218, 146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), AE-2 Follis, -/-//BSISsymbol2M, AE-2 Follis, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Tree, #1
avers:- D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, Cn8, G3L, Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, holding globe.
revers:- FEL TEMP REPAR-ATIO, Constans advancing right, dragging barbarian from hut under tree.
exergo: -/-//BSISsymbol2M, diameter: 20,5-22,0mm, weight: 3,51g, axis: 11h,
mint: Siscia, date: 348-351 AD., ref: RIC-VIII-218-p,
3 commentsquadrans12/25/17 at 06:08Pharsalos: Fantastic example, plenty of details.
Calabria, Taras AR Nomos. Circa 390-385 BC.79 viewsNude warrior on horseback left, holding reins in right hand, small round shield on left arm; A below / Taras astride dolphin left; P and ΤΑΡΑΣ below. Vlasto 379ff; HN Italy 869; SNG ANS 900. 6.98g, 23mm, 8h.

Good Fine.
4 commentsLeo12/25/17 at 06:06Pharsalos: Beautiful, delicate style!
327 Hadrian Denarius Roma 134-38 AD Hadrian & Hispania40 viewsReference.
RIC 327; C.1260; Strack 321; var. no rabbit

Head of Hadrian, laureate, right.

Hadrian, togate, standing right, holding roll in left hand and extending right hand to raise up Hispania, kneeling in front of him and holding branch in left hand; "No rabbit center."

3.23 gr
18 mm
3 commentsokidoki12/25/17 at 06:04Pharsalos: Wonderful example of fine style.
084 Volusian (251-253 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 177, Rome, IVNONI MARTIALI, Juno seated left, Very Rare!156 views084 Volusian (251-253 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 177, Rome, IVNONI MARTIALI, Juno seated left, Very Rare!
avers: IMP CAE C VIB VOLVSIANO AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: IVNONI MARTIALI, Juno seated left, wearing kalathos, holding corn-ears and globe.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 21,0-22,0 mm, weight: 3,04 g, axis: 1h, Very Rare!
mint: Rome, date: 251-253 A.D., ref: RIC IV-III 177, p-,
4 commentsquadrans12/25/17 at 06:00Pharsalos: Very crisp, wonderful portrait!
L. Plautius Plancus - AR denarius10 viewsRome
47 BC
facing head Medusa wearing hoop earrings
Aurora flying right with head slightly left conducting 4 horses
Crawford 453/1c, SRCV I 429, Sydenham 959b, RSC I Plautia 14
ex Roma Numismatics

This moneyer was adopted into the Plautia gens. Sear suggests that the reverse type may be related to a picture by Nichomachus of Thebes which was placed in the Capitol by L. Munatius Plancus as a part of the celebrations of his Gallic triumph. In his Fasti, Ovid relates the origin of the festival of the lesser Quinquatria Minerva. He states that an aedile exiled Rome’s flute-players to Tibur, and that the moneyer’s adopted ancestor C. Plautius, who was consul that year, smuggled them back into Rome to appease the citizens. The flute-players wore masks to conceal their identities and this became a tradition of the annual festival.
1 commentsJohny SYSEL12/25/17 at 05:59Pharsalos: Excellent example of this desirable type!
39 views1 commentsGrant H12/25/17 at 05:54Pharsalos: Superb style, great strike.
079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0026, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, PANNONIAE, Two Pannoniae facing each other, #4,135 views079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0026, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, PANNONIAE, Two Pannoniae facing each other, #4,
avers:- IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PANNONIAE, Two Pannoniae facing each other, shaking hands in front of standard in the center
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 20,5-22,5 mm, weight: 3,938g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 249-251 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-26, p-123, C_81,
2 commentsquadrans12/25/17 at 05:50Pharsalos: Fantastic portrait!
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - RIC VIII Cyzicus 09256 viewsAE2
Obv:– D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, Helmeted soldier left, shield on left arm, spearing falling horseman; shield at ground to right. Horseman turns to face the soldier, and reaches his left arm up towards him. He is bare headed and is beardled
Minted in Cyzicus (Gamma | _ // SMKB)
Reference:- RIC VIII Cyzicus 92 (C2)
4 commentsmaridvnvm12/25/17 at 05:48Pharsalos: Very pretty!
Sasanian Empire: Ardashir I, 224 - 242 AD32 viewsBI tdr, 13,89gr., 25,75mm;
Sel. 5, Mitchener 784, Sunrise 700;
mint: C (Ktesiphon), axis: 15h;
obv.: bust, right, w/Parthian style tiara, star decoration, braid or ribbon in back; mustache, long beard; triple necklace; cuirass; legend inside dotted border: MaZDISN BaGI ARTAHShATR MaLKAN MaLKA AIRAN;
rev.: large fire altar in center flanked by 2 altar pillars; inside the complete dotted border legend in the upper left and right field;

ex: Vienna Coin Show, VA.
1 commentsSchatz12/25/17 at 05:47Pharsalos: Cool coin, don't see the tetradrachm often.
1 Constans46 viewsConstans centenionalis. D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, Constans standing left on galley, holding Phoenix and labarum, piloted by Victory, R Q in ex. RIC 1093 commentsRandygeki(h2)12/25/17 at 05:45Pharsalos: Beautiful example, lovely style.
Domitian RIC-11889 viewsAR Quinarius, 1.52g
Rome mint, 81- early 82 AD
Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG PM; Head of Domitian, laureate, r.
Rev: VICTORIA AVGVST (anti-clockwwise, outwardly, from high l.); Victory std. l., with wreath and palm
RIC 118 (C). BMC 57. RSC 625. BNC 56.
Acquired from Dmitry Markov, December 2017.

This undated quinarius is part of Domitian's first issue of quinarii coined early in the reign. The style and silver fineness of 80% indicate it was struck before the great coinage reform of 82 when the silver fineness was increased to 99%. Probably the most common variant of the type from the issue, 'common' being a relative term here!

Darkly toned and in fine early style. Punch-mark(?) in obverse field.
7 commentsDavid Atherton12/25/17 at 05:43Pharsalos: Beautiful example.
RIC 147 B var.12 viewsDenarius, 103-111
Laur. l., aegis
Trophy with one round and two hexagonal shields; at base, two swords, two javelins and one shield.

3.39g, 19mm
Woytek 268p (3 specimen)
1 commentsklausklage12/25/17 at 05:40Pharsalos: Great obverse!
Athens, Greece, Old Style Tetradrachm, c. 454 - 404 B.C.115 viewsIn honor of Christmas :
Silver tetradrachm, SNG Cop 31, SNG Munchen 49, Kroll 8, Dewing 1611, Gulbenkian 519, HGC 4 1597, SGCV I 2526, Choice EF, bold well centered strike, high relief as usual for the type, attractive surfaces, graffito on reverse, small edge cracks, 17.176g, 24.7mm, 30o, Athens mint, c. 454 - 404 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right, almond shaped eye, crested helmet with olive leaves and floral scroll, wire necklace, round earring, hair in parallel curves; reverse owl standing right, head facing, erect in posture, olive sprig and crescent left, AQE downward on right, all within incuse square.

The old-style tetradrachm of Athens is famous for its almond shaped eye, archaic smile, and charming owl reverse. Around 480 B.C. a wreath of olive leaves and a decorative scroll were added to Athena's helmet. On the reverse, a crescent moon was added.

During the period 449 - 413 B.C. huge quantities of tetradrachms were minted to finance grandiose building projects such as the Parthenon and to cover the costs of the Peloponnesian War.

FORVM Ancient Coins. / From The Sam Mansourati Collection.
10 commentsSam12/25/17 at 05:37Pharsalos: Wonderful example, beautiful style and strike.
Sakastan, late 1st cent. BC - early 1st cent. AD, unknown ruler over Phraates IV30 viewsAR dr., 3,55gr, 19,25mm
Sellw. 91.12, Shore 472, Senior 1991 D;
mint: Margiane or Sogdiana, axis: 12h; Sakastan, AR dr., late 1. cent. BC - early 1. cent. AD, AR dr., 3,55gr, 19,25mm;
obv.: bare-headed bust of Phraates IV, left, (Sellw.52.19); diadem, knot, and 2 broad ribbons joined at the end; med.-long hair in 5 waves, mustache, short pointed beard; royal wart; in upper right field eagle carrying wreath or diadem; on left shoulder oval countermark w/Eukratides style helmeted bust, right, surrounded by beads; host coin has BB 12 - 18h;
rev.: archer,right, on throne, w/bow and monogr. Π; 5 lines of corrupted ‘Greek’ legend visible;

ex: CNG Auction 398, #370.

1 commentsSchatz09/16/17 at 14:11Pharsalos: Very nice style countermark, interesting coin!
Postumus28 viewsSuperb bust left, with features of Hercules1 commentsSTEPHANE R09/07/17 at 13:46Pharsalos: Amazing obverse!
RIC 61049 viewsRIC 610; Alföldi type 50, n° 2; Siscia. Bust type F, (B). Denomination: Antoninianus.

Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
Fides standing left between two ensigns.

Mintmark: // XXIV

Weight: ?
2 commentsvrtsprb09/06/17 at 07:46Pharsalos: Very eye catching, wonderful coin.
ROMAN EMPIRE, Caracalla, Silver Antoninianus65 viewsStruck 213-217 AD, Rome mint, 23mm, 6.4g, RIC IV 311c, EF

OBVERSE: Radiate head of Caracalla, bearded, draped, cuirassed, right. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG[USTUS] GER[MANICUS] (Antoninus Pius, the Revered One, Conqueror of the Germans).

REVERSE: Goddess of love, beauty, desire, sex, fertility, prosperity, and victory, Venus, draped, standing left, holding Victory in extended right hand and spear in left hand, leaning on shield set on helmet. VENUS VICTRIX (Venus Victorius).
3 commentsMichael H409/06/17 at 07:42Pharsalos: Awesome example.
Sicily Syracuse Siculo Punic AR Tetradrachm circa 350-320 BC 27mm 17.26g 7h94 viewsWreathed head of Arethusa right,wearing triple - pendant earring and necklace,three dolpdins around in front nose to nose,behind the sign of Tanit.Rev horse right with palm tree behind,the horse left foreleg bent a vertical caduceus before.3 commentsGrant H09/06/17 at 07:39Pharsalos: Fantastic coin, love the details in the hair.
Sicily Siculo Punic AR Tetradrachm circa320- 315 BC 26mm 17.35g 3h57 viewsHead of Persephone to left,wearing wreath of wheat leaves,triple pendent earring and pearl necklace,below her chin ,scallop shell,around her head four dolphins,one before her nose swimming downwards to right,the other three swimming to the left.Rev MMHNT people of the camp below horses head,head to left,date palm tree behind with two clusters of dates.
This is the exact same head as that of the Dekadrachms of Euainetos fame.
1 commentsGrant H09/06/17 at 07:30Pharsalos: Magnificent!
3 Constans56 views
Billon centenionalis of Constans
Antioch, officina 3; 348-350 CE
4.4 g, 22 mm
D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust left, globe in right hand.
FEL TEMP REPA-RATIO Helmeted soldier, spear in left hand, advancing right, head left; with his right hand he leads a small bare-headed figure from a hut beneath a tree. The spear points downwards, between the soldier's legs. Star in upper left field, AN Gamma in ex
RIC VIII Antioch 128; LRBC 2615
6 commentsRandygeki(h2)09/06/17 at 07:26Pharsalos: Beautiful, detailed reverse.
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 862, Serdica, Bust-H (H2), -/-//KAΔ, SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga, #1153 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 862, Serdica, Bust-H (H2), -/-//KAΔ, SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga, #1
avers:- IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Bust Type (H-H2), Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle.
revers:- S OL I INVIC T O, Sol faceing left in spred quadriga, rising right hand and holding whip in left hand.
exergo: -/-//KAΔ, no exergual line, diameter: 22,5-23,0mm, weight: 4,25g, axis: 0h,
mint: Serdica, date: 277 A.D. by Pink or 280-81 A.D. by Gysen, ref: RIC V-II 862, p-112, 4th emission,
5 commentsquadrans09/06/17 at 07:20Pharsalos: Wonderful, artistic reverse die.
Lycia, Phaselis: Anonymous (ca. 4th century BCE) AR Stater (Heipp-Tamer Series 6, unlisted variety; CNG 100, lot 1517; CNG 99, lot 284; CNG E-353, lot 170)32 viewsObv: Prow of galley right, fighting platform decorated with lion at bay right; to right, owl flying upward left, wings displayed; below, dolphin right above waves
Rev: Stern of galley left; tripod surmounted by wreath and ΦAΣ above
1 commentsQuant.Geek06/13/17 at 06:54Pharsalos: Beautiful, impressive piece. So many interesting d...
Greek, Italy, Lucania, Thurium94 viewsAR Stater, 7.79g. 22mm. c.410-400 B.C.

Engraver, Phrygillos (?). Head of Athena to right wearing crested helmet decorated with Skylla; "phi" in field to right. Rv. Bull pawing ground with head down to right; fish in exergue. SNG Oxford 871. HN 1782; a few small marks and some small metal breaks in front of face. Toned and of fine style

Ex: Numismatica Ars Classica, Zurich, Auction O, 2004, lot 1157.
Ex: A.D.M. Collection
1 commentsLeo04/03/17 at 11:29Pharsalos: beautiful coin, finest classical style!
121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Carthage, RIC VI 024a, AE-1 Follis, FELIX ADVENT AVG G N N, Africa standing right, #1152 views121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Carthage, RIC VI 024a, AE-1 Follis, FELIX ADVENT AVG G N N, Africa standing right, #1
avers:- CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right.
revers:- FELIX AD VENT AVG G N N, Africa standing right, head left, wearing elephant head headress, standard in right and tusk in left, lion and bull at feet left, H left, PKT in ex.
exerg: H|-//PKT, diameter: 25,0-28,5mm, weight: 10,38g, axes: 0h,
mint: Carthage, date: 298 A.D., ref: RIC VI 024a,
2 commentsquadrans04/03/17 at 11:27Pharsalos: Very interesting coin.
Attica Athens AR Drachm circa465-460 BC 4.35g74 viewsHead of Athena right of archaia style,wearing earring and close-fitting crested helmet with single volute ornament behind.Rev AOE Incuse square, within which owl right,behind olive-spray with two leaves and berry. 2 commentsGrant H04/03/17 at 11:21Pharsalos: Beautiful style, particularly lovely owl.
Asia Minor, Lydia, Sardeis, Artemis, Athena28 viewsLydia, Sardeis
AE 27, 133-1 BC
Magistrate Artemidoros Moldi
Obv.: Draped bust of Artemis right; bow and quiver over shoulder
Rev.: ΣAPΔIANΩN, AΡTEMI ΔΩPOΣ MOΛΔI, Athena standing left, holding Nike, spear, and shield set on ground.
AE, 10.57g, 27mm
Ref.: SNG Munich 464, Waddington 5210
1 commentsshanxi04/03/17 at 11:20Pharsalos: Beautiful coin.
GREEK, Sicily, Syracuse, AR Tetradrachm c.485-466 BC.Boehringer 123 23mm 17.27g 9h94 viewsDeinomenid Tyranny,Bearded charioteer driving quadriga walking to right,above Nike flying right to crown the horses.Rev Diademed head of Arethusa to right,wearing a pearl diadem and a pearl necklace and with her hair falling back behind her neck but turned up beneath her diadem,around four dolphins swimming to right.A splendid example bright,well struck,well centered and of excellent style.
From a collection formed over twenty years ago.
1 commentsGrant H04/03/17 at 11:18Pharsalos: Another beautiful example.
Bruttium, the Brettii: Anonymous (ca. 214-211 BCE) Æ Double – Didrachm (Scheu, Bronze 1; HN Italy 1975)51 viewsObv: Helmeted head of Ares left; two pellets to right, grain ear below
Rev: Nike standing left, erecting trophy; cornucopia between

2 commentsQuant.Geek04/03/17 at 11:17Pharsalos: Superb style.
Sicily Gela AR Tetradrachm circa 480/75-475/70 BC 21 mm 17.34g 8h78 viewsCharioteer driving slow quadriga right,above Nike flying right,crowning horses.Rev forepart of man-headed bull swimming right,within shallow incuse circle.
Rare die combination only one example listed in Jenkins.
From the Robert and Julius Diez collection,EX Gustav Philipsen collection,{part 1,J. Hirsch 15, 28 May 1906 lot 990.soldfor 24 marks
1 commentsGrant H04/03/17 at 11:15Pharsalos: Stunning example.
69 views2 commentsGrant H04/03/17 at 11:13Pharsalos: Fantastic style!
51 views1 commentsGrant H04/03/17 at 11:12Pharsalos: Beautiful gem of a coin.
39 views1 commentsGrant H04/03/17 at 11:11Pharsalos: Wonderful example of the type.
37 views1 commentsGrant H04/03/17 at 11:09Pharsalos: Lovely style, very impressive coin.
48 views1 commentsGrant H04/03/17 at 11:06Pharsalos: Wonderful example!
Indo-Greek Kingdom, Menander I Soter AR Drachm. Circa 155-130 BC (Bopearachchi 3B; SNG ANS 686-690)55 viewsObv: Diademed bust left, wielding spear, aegis on shoulder; ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΜΕΝΑΝΔΡΟΥ around
Rev: Athena standing right, hurling thunderbolt and holding shield; monogram in right field, Karosthi script around
1 commentsQuant.Geek04/03/17 at 11:03Pharsalos: Beautiful example.
Probus RIC 90441 viewsAntonian (3.86g - 22mm)
Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield.
Emperor riding left, right hand raised, left holding sceptre; at foot, captive.
Mintmark: Δ
RIC 904, Cyzicus
Bust type G
1 commentsHolgerG04/03/17 at 11:01Pharsalos: Very interesting shield design.
RIC 0026 Domitian denarius178 viewsIMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG P M
Laureate head right

Dolphin coiled round anchor

Rome 81 A.D. (3rd group)


RIC 26 (R), RSC 63

Ex-Enrico collection

Extra fine portrait!
12 commentsJay GT404/03/17 at 11:00Pharsalos: Stunning bust!
Domitian82 viewsAR Denarius.

IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P V, laureate head right / P M TR POT III IMP V COS X P P (M3)

RIC II.1, unlisted (R3 - assigned 344A by Dr. Buttrey in the RIC II.1, Addendum); BMCRE II, unlisted; RSC II, unlisted

Dr. Buttrey's notes: "A die carried over from a rather earlier issue (184-187), here muled with obv. TR P V. Since that tribunician era obtained for several issues of aurei and denarii the striking of this piece cannot be exactly placed: insertion as 344A is chosen as its earliest possible production. R3 Downie's 323 15/03/2017 2055 = Telford coll."
5 commentssocalcoins04/03/17 at 10:58Pharsalos: Beautiful style!
Phoenicia, Arados 93-92 B.C47 viewsAR 30.63mm (Thickness 2.99mm), weight 14.44g, die axis = 12h (0 degrees), Tetradrachm.

Obverse: Veiled and turreted bust of Tyche, border of dots.

Reverse: Nike advancing left holding aphlaston and palm branch, in left field Aradian era date ZΞP 167, below Phoenician letter qoph (Q) with Greek letters ΔΣ far bottom, AΡAΔIΩN in right field, all within wreath.
2 commentsMartin Rowe04/03/17 at 10:56Pharsalos: Beautiful obverse!
Phoenicia, Arados 119-118 B.C79 viewsAR 13.47mm (Thickness 1.64mm), weight 1.84g, die axis = 12h (0 degrees), Hemidrachm.

Obverse: Turreted head of Tyche right, palm frond over shoulder, border of dots.

Reverse: Prow of galley left with stem rising forward, ΘC, B (beth) monogram above, border of dots, Aradian era date AMP (141) below.
5 commentsMartin Rowe04/03/17 at 10:53Pharsalos: Very pretty coin.
GREEK, Sicily, Syracuse, AR Tetradrachm c.485-466 BC.Boehringer 12395 viewsSicily Syracuse Deinomenid Tyranny AR Tetradrachm circa 485-466 BC 23mm 17.27g 9h
Bearded charioteer driving Quadriga walking to right,above nike flying right to crown the horses.Rev EVRAKOEION Diademed head of Arethusa to right,wearing a pearl necklace and with her hair falling back behind her neck but turned up beneath her diadem,around four dolphins swimming to right.
Boehringer 123,SNG ANS 33.
1 commentsGrant H01/11/17 at 09:39Pharsalos: Beautiful coin, tough to get these so well struck ...
Dynasts of Lycia Perikles AR Stater circa 380-375 BC 21mm 9.90g 3h198 viewsHead of Perikles facing slightly left wearing laurel wreath, drapery around neck.Reveres warrior Perikles as Sarpedon nude but for Corinthian helmet in fighting attitude right holding sword aloft in right hand shield on left arm, Peri-kle in Lycian around triskeles to lower right, all within shallow incuse square on square flan. Mithrapata 25 dies 15/20,Podalia 419-25 A2-P6 of falghera 215,SNG COP Supp 478,SNG Von Aulock 4252 This is the first coin with a facing head of a real person.2 commentsGrant H01/11/17 at 09:37Pharsalos: Wonderful coin.
170 - Constantius II - AE3 - RIC VIII Constantinople 093 32 viewsAE3
Obv:– D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Phoenix nimbate and radiate, standing right on globe,
Minted in Constantinople (//CONSIA*). A.D. 348 - A.D. 350
Reference:– RIC VIII Constantinople 93 (Rated S)
1 commentsmaridvnvm01/11/17 at 09:36Pharsalos: Beautiful example.
GREEK, Sicily, Gela, AR Tetradrachm.182 viewsSicily Gela AR Tetradrachm circa 415-405 BC 24 mm 16.75 g Slow quadriga driven right by charioteer,the nearside horse with head lowered,the farside horse head held high,wreath of olive above crane flying right in exergue.Reverse forepart of man-headed bull{river-god Gelas} with thick wavy beard,swimming right,{CEAAE} retrograde and large barley-grain above.This coin was struk just before the destruction of the city by the Carthaginian invaders in 405 BC,and which Gela never fully recovered.And it is thought that the quadriga on the obverse is to show that Gelons victory in the Olympic games of 488 BC.This coin is the only specimen recorded from this die combination,and is the plate coin in the standard reference Jenkins the coinage of Gela group 9 482 O95/R192 and from the A,D,M collection2 commentsGrant H01/11/17 at 09:35Pharsalos: Magnificent Tetradrachm!
Caracalla, AD 198-21718 viewsAR Denarius, 20mm, 3.2g, 6h; Rome Mint, AD 199
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS; Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Rev.: PONT TR P II; Securitas seated right, holding sceptre in left hand, propping head with right; altar in front.
Reference: RIC IVa 29, p. 216 / 16-401-102
1 commentsJohn Anthony01/11/17 at 09:29Pharsalos: Awesome denarius, love the reverse.
Seleukid Empire: Antiochos VIII Epiphanes (120-96 BCE) AR Tetradrachm, Uncertain Mint 116 in Cilicia or Northern Syria (SC 2294.3; HGC 9, 1197c)44 viewsObv: Diademed head right
Rev: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΤΙΟΧΟΥ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ; Zeus Ouranios standing left, holding star and scepter; two monograms to outer left; N in exergue; all within wreath
2 commentsQuant.Geek01/11/17 at 09:28Pharsalos: Wow fantastic coin!
Taras, Calabria77 views280-228
AR Diobol (11mm, 1.04g)
O: Two horse heads, joined at truncation; four ):( symbols around.
R: Two horse heads back-to-back; four ):( symbols around.
Vlasto 1688 (trihemiobol); McGill II, 210v (trihemiobol); HN Italy 1072 (diobol); Sear 353v (diobol)
From the E.E. Clain Stefanelli collection. ex Naville Numismatics

Vlasto defines this series as ‘trihemiobols’, claiming the ):( symbol to be a mark of value. Whether this is true, and if so why this symbol relates to a trihemiobol, which suggests an approximate weight of .75g, I cannot say. However based on an obol of .50g I would have to agree with Rutter et al and declare this type to be a diobol.
5 commentsEnodia01/11/17 at 09:26Pharsalos: Beautiful gem of a coin!
Elymais -- Kamnaskires Orodes, 1st half of 2nd cent. AD,43 viewsAE tdr., 15,23gr., 26,96mm;
Van’t Haaff 12.1.1-1Ab (this coin), Alram 479;
mint: Seleukia on the Hedyphon, axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, facing, w/diadem, 2 loops and ribbons; hair in large grape like bunches on either side of head, mustache, medium size rounded beard; double necklace; tunic; in right field anchor w/2 crossbars, crescent and star above; 7:30 - 13:30 Aramaic or Pahlavi legend meaning King Kamnaskires Orodes; dotted border 11 - 15h;
rev.: dashes and v’s strewn over entire surface;

ex: Triton VII,, CNG, lot 534; ex: Vecchi 8 (12/97), lot 147.
2 commentsSchatz01/11/17 at 09:23Pharsalos: Superb obverse!
CALABRIA TARAS Nomos. Circa 425-415 BC.71 views23 mm 7,39 g.

Obv: Phalanthos, right arm outstretched and holding shield on left arm, riding dolphin left; cockle shell below.

Rev: Nude male figure, holding bird in his extended left hand and spindle in his right, seated right on himation draped over a stool.

Fischer-Bossert 270a; Vlasto 235-6; HN Italy 844; SNG Lloyd 140; BMC 78; SNG Newcastle 19; Boston MFA 59; de Luynes 286; Gulbenkian 24; McClean 558.

near VF

2 commentsLeo01/11/17 at 09:22Pharsalos: Charming and beautifully executed reverse.
GREEK Lesbos Methymna Tetrobol25 viewsLESBOS. Methymna. Tetrobol (Circa 330-280 BC).
Obv: Head of Athena right, wearing helmet decorated with serpent.
Rev: AIOΛE. Thunderbolt; below, kerykeion above A.
SNG Copenhagen 331; BMC 1.
Weight: 2.42 g. Diameter: 15 mm.
Gitbud & Naumann (Pecunem) Auction 34 Lot 253, 2015.
1 commentsDiogenes01/11/17 at 09:20Pharsalos: Very interesting coin, I've never seen this ty...
GREEK Lesbos Mytilene Bodenstedt 9626 viewsLESBOS. Mytilene. EL Hekte (Circa 377-326 BC).
Obv: Laureate head of Zeus right.
Rev: Forepart of serpent right within linear smquare border.
Bodenstedt 96.
Weight: 2.54 g. Diameter: 11 mm.
Gitbud & Naumann Auction 37 lot 210, 2015.
2 commentsDiogenes01/11/17 at 09:19Pharsalos: Lovely example!
GREEK Lesbos Mytilene Lysimachos Tetradrachm47 viewsGREEK Thracian kings, Lysimachos (323-281) Tetradrachm (17,09g), Mytilene, ca. 294-290 Obverse Head of the deified Alexander III. With Diadem and Ammonshorn right. Reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ΛYΣIMAXOY, Athena Nikephoros with lance on throne with shield left, in the inner l. Field monogram and lyra, in the section Δ. Thompson - (cf. 133), Müller - (cf. 403). Minimal double strike.
H.D. Rauch auction 97 lot 98, 2015.
2 commentsDiogenes12/03/16 at 19:50Pharsalos: Beautiful obverse die.
GREEK, Lesbos, Koinon, Billon Stater76 viewsLESBOS, Unattributed Koinon mint. Circa 510-480 BC. Billon Double Shekel – Stater (18.5mm, 11.10 g). Confronted calves’ heads; tree between / Rough incuse square. Lazzarini, Contribution, Series III; HGC 6, 1076; SNG von Aulock 1682; SNG Ashmolean 1488–91; BMC p. 154, 46–9; Dewing 2251.
CNG, Triton XVIII, lot 588.
From the RH Collection.
1 commentsDiogenes12/03/16 at 19:42Pharsalos: Very impressive example!
GREEK Lesbos Mytilene AR Triobol-Hemidrachm25 viewsLESBOS, Mytilene. Circa 350-250 BC. AR Triobol – Hemidrachm (13.5mm, 2.72 g, 12h). Laureate head of Apollo right / Kithara with fillet at side; ivy leaf to lower left; all in linear square. SNG Ashmolean 1552 var. (symbol on rev.); HGC 6, 1044.
CNG Auction 359 lot 82.
1 commentsDiogenes12/03/16 at 19:40Pharsalos: Well struck and beautiful style.
Hadrian, AD 117-138 14 viewsAR Denarius, 18mm, 3.5g, 6h; Rome Mint, AD 119-122
Obv: IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG; Laureate bust right, slight drapery on far shoulder.
Rev: P M TR P COS III; Fortuna standing left with rudder and cornucopia, leaning on column.
Reference: RIC II 86, bust (b), p. 351
1 commentsJohn Anthony12/03/16 at 19:33Pharsalos: Nice example.
Roman Republic, L. Roscius Fabatus20 viewsAR Serrate Denarius. 19mm. 3.6g, 6h; Rome, c. 59 BC
Obv.: Head of Juno Sospita right, wearing goat skin; uncertain symbol behind.
Rev.: Female standing right feeding serpent to right; uncertain symbol behind.
Reference: Crawford 412/1 (symbols 215) / 16-373-215
2 commentsJohn Anthony12/03/16 at 19:26Pharsalos: Gorgeous coin!
IONIA, CHIOS50 views190 - 84 BC
AR Drachm 20 mm; 3.60 g
O: Sphinx seated left, grape bunch before
R: DERKYLOS XIOS Amphora, coruncopia to left
(magistrate Derkylos)
Mavrogordato 66; SNG Cop. 1562
1 commentslaney11/22/16 at 06:03Pharsalos: Beautiful, interesting coin.
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - RIC VIII Alexandria 66 var 51 viewsAe2
Obv:– D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, holding globe
Rev:– FEL . TEMP . REPARATIO, Soldier advancing right, head left, holding spear and leading small figure from hut beneath tree
Minted in Alexandria (* //ALED).
Reference:– RIC VIII Alexandria 66 var (RIC 66 rated S, Not listed for this officina in RIC)
2 commentsmaridvnvm11/22/16 at 06:00Pharsalos: Beautiful coin, reverse is so crisply struck!
Shekel 1/16 Phoenician with Persian king/hero35 views1 commentsChance Vandal11/22/16 at 05:52Pharsalos: Great type, great coin!
Shekel 1/2 Phoenician with Persian king/hero35 views1 commentsChance Vandal11/22/16 at 05:48Pharsalos: Great example of this fantastic, rare type!
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - RIC VIII Antioch 129 30 viewsAE2/3
Obv:– D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Phoenix nimbate and radiate, standing right on globe,
Minted in Antioch (_ | * //ANH). A.D. 348 - A.D. 350
Reference:– RIC VIII Antioch 129 (S)
1 commentsmaridvnvm11/22/16 at 05:47Pharsalos: Great details!
WEIGHT: 3.64
RIC TEMP: 2191 (9 EX.)
NOTE: Only one obverse die. On the shield, Emperor on horseback riding r. spearing kneeling enemy.
eXtremely rare and sought-after bust type
10th known specimen in the world
3 commentsBarnaba610/10/16 at 10:05Pharsalos: Another incredible coin, amazing obverse.
WEIGHT: 3.54
RIC TEMP: 1745 (18 ex.)
5 commentsBarnaba610/07/16 at 20:57Pharsalos: Fantastic exergue symbol!
ROMAN EMPIRE / Emperor Augustus. 27 BC.-14 AD. 62 viewsAR Denarius.
Laureate head of Augustus right / AVGVSTVS, Capricorn to right, holding rudder and globe and with cornucopiae on its back. 3.66 gr.
Spanish mint.
NGC (XF) Fine Style.

From The Sam Mansourati Collection.
1 commentsSam10/04/16 at 10:01Pharsalos: Fantastic example, lovely dies both sides but part...
590 Hadrian Sestertius Roma 119-21 AD Lictor standing57 viewsReference.
RIC 590b; Banti 620; Strack 555; C 1210

Laureate heroic bust right, slight drapery

Lictor standing left, holding fasces, setting fire to heap of bonds with torch.

25.59 gr
32 mm


From the estate of Thomas Bentley Cederlind. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 47 (16 September 1998), lot 1611.

In July of AD 118 Hadrian made his first appearance in Rome as emperor to celebrate a Parthian triumph in the name of Trajan. He was quickly called away to Moesia to subdue the Sarmatians and Roxolani. While away, four high ranking senators – Lucius Quietus, Cornelius Palma, L. Publius Celsus and C. Avidius – were executed by the senate for an alleged conspiracy against Hadrian, despite a promise by Hadrian not to execute members of the Senate. To calm a suspicious public, Hadrian held a week long gladiatorial show, granted an extra public largesse, and, as this coin advertises, relinquished the public debt to the state equaling 900 million sestertii. This event culminated in an elaborate ceremony held in the Forum of Trajan where all records of these debts were set on fire.
4 commentsokidoki10/04/16 at 09:57Pharsalos: Beautiful, interesting coin.
WEIGHT 3.51g / AXIS: 7h / WIDTH 20-22mm
RIC 799
ALFOLDI 088.004 (2 ex.)
Currently only the 8th known specimen in the world (including the 2 specimens cited by Alfoldi)
1 commentsBarnaba610/04/16 at 09:55Pharsalos: Beautiful coin, I don't think I've ever se...
WEIGHT 3.82g / AXIS: 11h / WIDTH 20-21mm
RIC 615
ALFOLDI 047.008
1 commentsBarnaba610/04/16 at 09:48Pharsalos: Awesome example!
WEIGHT 3.63g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 21-22mm
ALFOLDI 014.001
4 commentsBarnaba610/04/16 at 09:47Pharsalos: Congratulations, very famous type!
WEIGHT 3.15g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC 764

NOTE: Extremely rare Alfoldi reverse variant no. 70 in which the two river gods (Savvs and Colapis) are very close to one another and are placed underneath the personification of Siscia instead of being separated and placed on both sides of Siscia (as in variant no. 69). My coin is however unlisted with E1 (Bastien) / G (RIC V.2) bust and XXIVI mintmark.

Of the highest rarity, possibly an unicum.
3 commentsBarnaba610/04/16 at 09:45Pharsalos: Fantastic example
WEIGHT 4.06g / AXIS12 h / WIDTH: mm
BASTIEN: 258 (7 EX.)
2 commentsBarnaba609/21/16 at 07:55Pharsalos: Exceptional bust, a very beautiful coin!
WEIGHT 4.69g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH: 22-23mm
3 commentsBarnaba609/21/16 at 07:51Pharsalos: Wonderful shield - the helmet detail is also impre...
WEIGHT 4.02g / AXIS: 12h
J.GUILLEMAIN, MONETAZIONE DI PROBO A ROMA (276-282 d.C.), 2009: 080 (2 EX.)
2 commentsBarnaba609/21/16 at 07:47Pharsalos: Wonderful reverse detail!
Orodes II., 57 - 38 BC43 viewsAE18, 3,64gr., 17,64mm,
Sellw. 42.3, Shore 220;
mint: Ekbatana, axis: 13h;
obv. : bare-headed, left, w/diadem and 3 ribbons joined at bottom; medium-long hair in 4 waves, mustache, short beard; 3-layer torque; cuirass; on right side Nike w/diadem; almost complete dotted border;
rev.: eagle standing right, framed by 7-line legend: BΛCIΛEΩC BΛCIΛEΩN ΛPCΛKoY (ΦIΛ)oΠΛToPoC ΔIKΛIoY EΠIΦΛNoYC ΦIΛEΛΛHNoC; in front of eagle’s feet monogr. 34;

ex: Vienna Coin Show, VA.
1 commentsSchatz09/09/16 at 20:44Pharsalos: Superb example, very beautiful coin indeed!
169 - Constans - AE2 - RIC VIII Antioch 126 45 viewsAE2
Obv:- D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, Laureate and rosette-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust left, globe in right hand
Rev:- FEL TEMP REPA-RATIO, Helmeted soldier, spear in left hand, advancing right, head left; with his right hand he leads a small bare-headed figure from a hut beneath a tree. The spear points downwards, between the soldier's legs
Minted in Antioch; (//AND), A.D. 348-350
Reference:– RIC VIII Antioch 126
1 commentsmaridvnvm09/09/16 at 20:39Pharsalos: Lovely coin.
Mithradates II., 123 - 88 BC40 viewsAE chalkous, 1,79gr., 14,05mm;
Sellw. 26.29, Shore 493;
mint: Ekbatana, axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed bust, left, w/diadem and 2 ribbons; short cap-like hair, mustache, medium-long beard; earring, 3-layer torque ending in 2 pellets; cuirass; monogr. M in right field; complete dotted border;
rev.: bow in inclined case w/2 arrows framed by 4-line legend: BAΣIΛE(ΩΣ) (M)EΓAΛO(Y) (AP)ΣAKOY (EΠIΦ)ANO(YΣ)

ex: Vienna Coin Show, VA.
1 commentsSchatz09/09/16 at 20:37Pharsalos: Fantastic strike, what an obverse!
PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Ptolemy I Soter, as satrap, 323-305 BC. Tetradrachm74 viewsTetradrachm (Silver, 26mm, 16.30 g 12), Alexandria, circa 313-312.

Head of the deified Alexander III to right, wearing mitra of Dionysos and elephant skin headdress, with aegis around his neck, and with horn of Ammon on his forehead.
Rev. ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ Athena Alkidemos advancing right, hurling spear with her right hand and with shield over her extended left arm; to right, eagle with closed wings standing on thunderbolt to right with ΔΙ below. SNG Copenhagen 14. Svoronos 33. Zervos Issue XIII. Minor corrosion, otherwise, good very fine.

Extremely rare with tiny K on obverse, Zervos notes only 9 examples from 2 obverse dies.

While the small Δ is commonly found on Ptolemy’s obverse dies, the appearance of the K is extremely rare. It is tempting to assume these are die engraver signatures, but Zervos notes that this is far from proven. Given the diversity of styles found with the Δ mark, it does appear unlikely.
2 commentsLeo09/09/16 at 20:33Pharsalos: Beautiful example.
Arsakes II67 viewsAR Drachm (16mm, 4.09 g, 12h). Rhagai-Arsakeia(?) mint. Struck circa 211-209 BC. Head left, wearing bashlyk and earring / Archer (Arsakes I) seated right on throne, holding bow; to right, eagle standing facing, head left, with wings displayed; APΣAK•Y downward to left. Sellwood 6.1; A&S Type 6, obv. 6/1, rev. 6/2; Shore 4; Sunrise 241-3.

Arsakes II, son of Arsakes I, ascended the Parthian throne about 210 BC. At roughly the same time, the Seleukid king Antiochos III (223-187 BC) marched out of Ecbatana to recover the eastern Seleukid provinces that were lost to the young Parthian kingdom. Justin (41.5.7) comments that Arsakes II fought with admirable gallantry against Antiochos, and finally became his ally. Whether the Parthians resumed minting after the return of Antiochos returned to Ekbatana in 205 BC, after his Baktrian expedition, cannot be ascertained. It is possible that, until his defeat by the Romans at the Battle of Magnesia in 190/189 BC, Antiochos held sway over Iran at least as far east as the Baktrian frontiers and thus suppressed the circulation of non-Seleukid currencies. Unfortunately, the exact date and circumstances of the death of Arsakes II are unknown. The superb condition of the great majority of S6 drachms of Arsakes II implies that they were minted and almost immediately interred at around the time of Antiochos III’s eastern expedition to Parthia and Baktria in 209 BC (from CNG).
3 commentsThatParthianGuy08/31/16 at 09:54Pharsalos: Magnificent example!
Augustus Denarius RIC 407101 viewsAugustus Denarius. Struck 13 BC by C Sulpicius Platorinus. CAESAR AVGVSTVS, bare head right / C SVLPICIVS PLATORIN, Augustus and Agrippa seated side-by-side. RSC 529. 18.5mm, 3.61g2 commentsAldo08/03/16 at 08:09Pharsalos: Beautiful historic coin and wonderful toning!
Taras diobol47 viewsCALABRIA. Taras. Diobol (Circa 325-280 BC).

Obv: Helmeted head of Athena right.
Rev: Herakles kneeling right, strangling Nemean lion; club and uncertain symbol to left.

HN Italy 976; cf. Vlasto 1322-4 & 1327.

Condition: Very fine.

Weight: 1.22 g.
Diameter: 12 mm.
1 commentsLeo08/03/16 at 08:05Pharsalos: Lovely coin.
Taras, Calabria114 viewsCALABRIA. Tarentum. Ca. 280-228. AR diobol (0.97 gm).
Head of Athena left, wearing crested helmet decorated with Scylla / Infant Heracles strangling snakes; thunderbolt in exergue. HN Italy 1068. SNG ANS 1473. Obverse somewhat off-center, but otherwise Extremely Fine.
3 commentsLeo08/03/16 at 08:02Pharsalos: Wonderful little gem.
Tarentum AR Nomos158 viewsITALY. Calabria , Taras (c.380-340 B.C.), Silver Nomos, 7.65g.
Naked ephebos, holding a small round shield and a lance, vaulting from a cantering horse left, ├ below horse. Rev. TAPAΣ , Taras as an ephebos seated astride dolphin to left, holding a Corinthian helmet in his right hand and leaning on the back of the dolphin with his left, I and waves below (Fischer-Bossert 657 (V252/R509); Vlasto 437 (these dies); SNG ANS 929 (these dies); SNG Lloyd 169). An almost invisible metal-flaw on reverse, of charming style, attractively toned, about extremely fine.
Ex:The Prospero Collection (The New York Sale, Auction XXVII, 2012)

The city of Tarentum was renowned throughout the ancient world for the quality of its horsemen, who served as mercenary cavalry for many foreign kings including Antigonos I, Demetrios I and Alexander of Epirus. The horsemen of Tarentum served as hippokontistai (mounted javelinmen), or in their specific case, elaphroi (skirmishing cavalry which throw javelins and dismount for hand to hand combat), but such was their fame that the term Tarantinoi came to mean any such skirmishing cavalry unit, regardless of their origin. Indeed, Asklepiodotos mentions Tarantinarchos (leader of Tarentines) as a military rank in Hellenistic Athens.
The scene depicted here is from an equestrian event of the Hyakinthia (the ceremonial games of Hyakinthian Apollo) which celebrated those special skills necessary in war. The armed rider would dismount at full gallop, run alongside his horse, and then remount in stride.
4 commentsLeo08/03/16 at 08:01Pharsalos: The reverse die is exceptional.
Macedon. Philip II AR Tetradrachm134 viewsKingdom of Macedon. Philip II AR Tetradrachm. Pella, circa 323-317 BC. Laureate head of Zeus right / Youth on horseback right, holding reins and long palm branch; coiled serpent below, Boeotian shield to right, ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ around. 14.38g, 25mm. Mint State. 3 commentsLeo08/03/16 at 08:00Pharsalos: Wonderful obverse die!
REVERSE: ANTONINVS ET VERVS AVG REST, legionary eagle between two standards, LEG VI between
Struck at Rome, 168AD
3.81g, 20mm
RIC III 443 (Marcus Aurelius) ; BMCRE 500
3 commentsLegatus07/20/16 at 10:27Pharsalos: Wonderful rare type!
GREEK, Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III, AR Tetradrachm, Babylon, Price P18179 viewsAR Tetradrachm, 323/317 BC , Babylon ; 17.16 g .
Herakles head in lion's skin / Zeus Aetophoros sitting l .
Price P181. (N.B. Price 3692 has same control marks but says Alexander not Philip)
1 commentschance v07/20/16 at 10:25Pharsalos: Lovely dies, particularly nice Zeus.
Parthia, Artabanos III102 viewsAR tetradrachm
c. 80 – 90 AD (struck May, 81 AD)
29 mm., 13.29 gm.
Seleukeia on the Tigris mint
Obv: Diademed bust left
Rev: Artabanos seated left, receiving open diadem from Tyche standing right, holding scepter; year above, month in exergue
Sellwood 74.5 var., Sunrise 441 var. (Artabanos V), SNP7: 841A (this coin)
Sylloge Nummorum Parthicorum, Volume 7, Vologases I - Pacorus II, Plate 50, #841A
1 commentsRobert L307/20/16 at 10:21Pharsalos: Beautiful and interesting.
Denar, RIC 3, p.270, 701 - Faustina II, Laetitia37 viewsFaustina II
Obv.: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped and diademed bust right
Rev.: LAETITIA dot, Laetitia standing left, holding wreath and scepter.
Ag, 2.98g, 18.3mm
Ref.: RIC III 701, CRE 198 [S]
1 commentsshanxi07/01/16 at 13:26Pharsalos: Beautifully toned and a wonderful bust.
Constans, AD 337-35023 viewsAE Follis, 20mm, 3.0g, 6h; Nicomedia mint, 2nd officina, AD 348-351
Obv.: D N CONSTANS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, holding globe in right.
Rev.: FEL TEMP REPARATIO; Helmeted soldier, spear in left hand, advancing right, head turned to left; with his right hand he leads a small bare-headed figure from a hut beneath a tree. The spear points downward, between the soldier’s legs // SMNB
Reference: RIC VIII Nicomedia 72, p. 476
From the YOC Collection
1 commentsJohn Anthony07/01/16 at 13:11Pharsalos: Great coin, perfectly centered and crisp strike.
P M TR P II COS II P P45 viewsElagabalus antoninianus
draped bust
1 commentsTibsi07/01/16 at 13:07Pharsalos: Beautiful coin; lovely obverse style and detailed ...
331 Hadrian Quinarius Roma 119-23 AD Victory36 viewsReference.
RIC III, 331; RIC II, 103b; C. 1126; Strack 129

Bust A4

Laureate bare bust with drapery

Victory advancing right, shouldering palm and holding wreath

1.6 gr
15 mm
1 commentsokidoki06/29/16 at 22:55Pharsalos: Very nice example!
RIC 0747 Domitianus86 viewsObv: DOMITIANVS AVGVSTUS, Laureate head right
AU/Aureus (19.44 mm 7.435 g 6h) Struck in Rome 92-94 A.D.
RIC 747 (C), BMCRE 211, BNF 187
ex Inasta Auction 11 lot 339
6 commentsFlaviusDomitianus06/29/16 at 22:54Pharsalos: Wonderful artistic dies both sides.
Trajan Relation - Hadrian RIC 3e44 viewsHadrian 117-138 AD. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 117 AD. (2.91g; 19.04mm) Obv: IMP CAES TRAIAN HADRIAN OPT AVG GER DAC, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right. Rev: PARTHIC DIVI TRAIAN AVG F P M TR P COS P P / ADOPTIO, Trajan and Hadrian standing facing one another, clasping right hands.
RIC 3e

Ex: Münzen & Medaillen GmbH Erworben bei der Münzen und Medaillen AG Basel, Liste 170, Juli 1957, Nr. 226, am 1. 8. 1957.

These coins were minted not long after the death of Trajan and I seem to remember reading that there was some suspicion that Plotina had some part in making Hadrian successor. The succession was always a predicament inside the framework of the principate, because it remained important to keep up the appearance of a Res Publica, a republic. In reality it was an autocracy.

2 commentsPaddy06/29/16 at 22:50Pharsalos: Beautiful example!
GREEK, Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III the Great, AR Tetradrachm, Babylon, Price 365274 viewsKINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’, 336-323 BC. Tetradrachm (Silver, 26mm, 17.15 g 12), Babylon, c. 325-323.
Obv: Head of Herakles to right, wearing lion skin headdress.
Rev. ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ Zeus seated left on low throne, holding long scepter in his left hand and, in his right, eagle standing right with closed wings; to left, kylix above M; below throne, monogram.
Price 3652
1 commentschance v06/29/16 at 22:48Pharsalos: Very nice, interesting obverse style.
Galerius as Caesar, AD 293-30523 viewsAE Follis, 27mm, 10.3g, 12h; Trier mint, AD 295
Obv.: MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES; Laureate head right.
Rev.: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI; Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, holding patera and cornucopia; A in left field // TR
Ref.: RIC VI Treveri 158b, p. 180. 16-195-55
1 commentsJohn Anthony06/29/16 at 22:45Pharsalos: Lovely example.
VBERITAS AVG36 viewsTrajanus Decius antoninianus
Antiochia mint
very rare
1 commentsTibsi06/19/16 at 02:16Pharsalos: Very distinctive portrait style, lovely coin!
LEG XX35 viewsMark Antony AR Legionary Denarius. 32-31 BC. ANT AVG III VIR R P C, praetorian galley right / LEG XX, Aquila between two standards - Cr544/35. 19mm, 3.75g1 commentsAldo06/19/16 at 02:11Pharsalos: Another beautifully toned example - and looks like...
LEG XVIII LYBICAE41 viewsMarcus Antonius. Denarius mint moving with M. Antony circa 32-31, AR 18mm., 3.61g. ANT AVG – III·VIR·R·P·C Galley r., with sceptre tied with fillet on prow. Rev.
LEG·XVIII·LYBICAE Aquila between two standards. Crawford 544/11.

From the E.E. Clain-Stefanelli collection.
5 commentsAldo06/19/16 at 02:04Pharsalos: Beautiful and very interesting!
LEG IX28 viewsMarcus Antonius. Denarius mint moving with M. Antony circa 32-31, AR 17mm., 3.54g. ANT AVG – III·VIR·R·P·C Galley r., with sceptre tied with fillet on prow. Rev.
LEG – IX Aquila between two standards. Crawford 544/23.
From the J.P. Rosen collection and from the E.E. Clain-Setfanelli collection.
1 commentsAldo06/19/16 at 02:01Pharsalos: Beautiful toning and surfaces.
RIC 26925 viewsDenarius, 112 – 114
Laur. r., dr.
Mars, nude, walking r. with spear and trophy.

3.14g, 20mm
Woytek 423v
1 commentsklausklage06/19/16 at 02:00Pharsalos: Fantastic example!
Leukas - AR stater17 views375-350 BC
pegasos flying left
head of Athena left wearing Corinthian helmet
Pegasi 48/1
ex Rauch
ex Roma
1 commentsJohny SYSEL05/30/16 at 10:43Pharsalos: Lovely example, particularly nice Pegasos.
39 viewsHadrian Quinarius RIC 1061 commentskokoshawnuff05/30/16 at 10:39Pharsalos: Fantastic example!
Cimmerian Bosporos, Pantikapaion20 viewsAE17, 4.6g, 6h; c. 325-310 BC.
Obv.: Head of Satyr left.
Rev.: Π-A-N; Head of bull left.
Reference: MacDonald 67; SNG BM Black Sea 890-3
Notes: jwt
1 commentsJohn Anthony05/30/16 at 10:36Pharsalos: Wonderful style and strike!
Thessaly, Phalanna, (300-190 B.C.), AE-18, SNG Cop 204, ΦAΛANNAIΩN, Head of Nymph Phalanna right,140 viewsThessaly, Phalanna, (300-190 B.C.), AE-18, SNG Cop 204, ΦAΛANNAIΩN, Head of Nymph Phalanna right,
avers: No legend, Young male head right.
revers: ΦAΛANNAIΩN, Head of Nymph Phalanna right, hair in sakkos.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18,2mm, weight: 5,31g, axes: 0h,
mint: Thessaly, Phalanna, date: 300-190 B.C., ref: SNG Cop 204, BMC 4-10,
1 commentsquadrans05/30/16 at 10:34Pharsalos: Elegant reverse die, beautiful coin.
Taras, Calabria69 views380-325 BC
AR Diobol (11.5mm, 1.15g, 2h)
O: Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with hippocamp.
R: Naked Herakles seated half-left on dead lion right, holding cup in right hand and club in left.
Vlasto 1235 (this coin); HN Italy 910
Extremely Rare
From the AG Collection. ex Michel Pandely Vlasto Collection; ex Vecchi 17; ex CNG

Vlasto plate coin, #1235.
Yet another reverse featuring Herakles‘ first labor. Here we see the final scene with our Hero, having slain the Nemean lion, now resting on the dead carcass and raising his cup. One can easily imagine him wondering how he is going to skin this impenetrable beast.
This coin is extremely rare, and Vlasto cites only this single die combination. While I am pretty sure it isn’t unique I could find no other specimen of this type listed anywhere.
2 commentsEnodia05/30/16 at 10:30Pharsalos: Very beautiful rare type, the imagery both sides i...
Vespasian RIC-800112 viewsAR Quinarius, 1.34g
Rome mint, 75(?) AD
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: VICTORIA AVGVST; Victory std. l., with wreath and palm
RIC 800 (C). BMC 285. RSC 594. BNC 252.
Acquired from CGB, May 2016.

Quniarii struck during the Flavian era are exceedingly rare compared to the denarii. Vespasian's largest issue of quinarii are undated and most likely date to 75. The quinarii struck before 75 have AVGVSTI in the reverse legend, while those struck after 75 use the shorter AVGVST. This undated issue employs both forms, therefore it fits neatly to 75. Vespasian employed two traditional Victory types (advancing and seated) for the reverses. Striking this denomination was quite in keeping with the antiquarian flavour of the Rome mint during the reign.

Deeply toned with a decent portrait.
6 commentsDavid Atherton05/26/16 at 05:19Pharsalos: Beautiful tone, charming little coin.
Syracuse Tetradrachm150 viewsTetradrachm c. 430. Slow quadriga with bearded driver to r. Nike flying r. and crowning horses. Rev. SURAKOSIWN head of Arethusa in sakkos, decorated with Maeander design and zig-zag design; wreath on ampyx. Boehringer 642
17,25 g
2 commentspaparoupa05/26/16 at 03:56Pharsalos: Absolute masterpiece, a coin to rule them all!
Hadrian Denarius - Adoptio (RIC 3c)62 viewsAR Denarius
Rome, late 117 AD

Obv: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Hadrian (R)

Rev: Hadrian and Trajan standing facing each other
clasping hands in sign of adoption of Hadrian.
ADOPTIO in exergue.

RIC 3c RSC 4

NAC Auction 92 part II, Lot 2196, 23/05/16
ex. CNG Webshop

The circumstances surrounding Hadrian's adoption and ultimate accession have long been clouded in mystery. Trajan never made a public endorsement of him, or any other potential candidate as heir. Dio Cassius reported that Trajan's widow Plotina actually secured Hadrian's adoption, announcing the adoption posthumously through letters signed in her own hand rather than Trajan's. Either way, ADOPTIO was announced on August 9, AD 117, though the emperor's death was still kept secret from the public. Two days later, on the 11th, when Trajan's death was finally declared, the Syrian legions hailed Hadrian as the new emperor and the matter was reduced to a mere formality awaiting Senatorial approval.
5 commentsKained but Able05/26/16 at 03:31Pharsalos: Beautiful example.
Baktrian Kingdom, Antimachos I, ca. 175-165 BC, AR Drachm29 viewsDiademed head of Antimachos right wearing kausia.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΘEOY ANTIMAXOY (of King Antimachos a God) Poseidon standing facing, holding trident and palm branch, KP monogram in lower right field.

Bopearachchi Series 2A; SNG ANS 9, 279; Mitchiner 124b; HGC 12; 109; Sear GCV 7545.

(19 mm, 4.2 g, 12h).
Freeman & Sear Mail Bid Auction 13, Aug. 2006, 278; from the F. Martin Post Collection.
1 commentsn.igma05/26/16 at 03:23Pharsalos: Stunning portrait strike.
Baktrian Kingdom, Pantaleon I, ca. 185-180 BC, Æ Square Unit 24 viewsFemale Hindu deity Laksmi advancing left holding lotus, Rajane Patalevasa in Kharoshthi script.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΠANTAΛEONT[OYΣ] Lioness standing right

SNG ANS 9, 265; Mitchiner 161; HGC 12, 105; Sear GCV 7564. Pushkalavati mint.

(22 x19 mm, 11.25 g, 12h).
Numismatic Fine Arts Dec. 1982, 254; ex-Superior Jun. 1978, 2387; ex- Bolender, Oct. 1946.

Pantaleon is inferred to have been a brother of Euthydemos II and Agathokles. Based on the numismatic evidence, he appears to have reigned for a brief period in co-regency with his other brother Agathokles and possibly his uncle Antimachos, following the death of Euthydemos II. His coinage is the rarest of the of the Euthydemid rulers, suggesting that he was quickly dispatched by the usurper Eukratides.
1 commentsn.igma05/26/16 at 03:18Pharsalos: Beautiful coin and pedigree.
Q.CREPEREIUS M.f. ROCUS41 viewsAR denarius. 72 BC. 3,78 grs. Bust of Amphitrite right,seen from behind letter C before, symbol (crab) behind / Neptune,brandishing trident, in sea chariot right,drawn by two hippocamps,above C.
Q.CREPER.M.F. / ROCVS in two lines below.
Craw 399/1b. RSC Crepereia 2. CNR Crepereia 2/3.

3 commentsbenito05/17/16 at 21:44Pharsalos: Beautiful and rare!
FIDES MILITVM22 viewsElagabalus antoninianus1 commentsTibsi05/17/16 at 08:14Pharsalos: Lovely example!
P M TR P IIII COS P P20 viewsPhilippus I. antoninianus
Antiochia mint
extremely rare
1 commentsTibsi05/17/16 at 08:10Pharsalos: Nice coin, very distinctive portrait style.
Baduila - Ticinum - quarter siliqua48 viewsBaduila (-552), Ostrogothic king (541-552). AR quarter siliqua (11 mm, 0.41 g) minted in Ticinum in the name of Justinian I. Obverse: diademed bust right, (…)NV IIVC. Reverse: D N BADVILA REX in four lines within wreath. Metlich 68.1 commentsJan05/14/16 at 12:07Pharsalos: Beautiful, I've never seen this interesting ty...
GREEK, Attica, Athens, 465-454 BC, AR Tetradrachm419 viewsObv. Head of Athena to right, wearing crested Attic helmet adorned with three olive leaves and palmette, round earring and pearl necklace.
Rev. Owl standing right with head facing, ΑΘΕ to right, crescent and olive sprig to left; all within incuse square.
Mint: Attica, Athens, ca. 465-454 BC.

17.10g, 24mm, 10h.

Starr Group V.B.

Ex Roma Numismatics, E-Sale 19, 1. August 2015, lot 95
9 commentskc05/14/16 at 11:50Pharsalos: Fantastic, what a owl!
Denar, RIC 3, p.270, 706 - Faustina II, Cybele 34 viewsFaustina Minor
AR-Denar, Rome
Obv.: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA. Draped bust right.
Rev.: MATRI MAGNAE, Cybele seated left with branch and drum, behind her a lion.
Ag, 3.34g, 18mm
Ref.: RIC III 706, CRE 173 [S]
1 commentsshanxi05/13/16 at 11:18Pharsalos: Wonderful example!
09e Domitian as Caesar-RIC 1496110 viewsAR Denarius, 3.17g
Ephesus (?) mint, 76 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r. 'o' mint mark below neck
Rev: PON MAX TR P COS IIII; Winged caduceus
RIC 1496 (R2). BMC 489. RSC 369. RPC 1469 (2 spec.). BNC 377.
Acquired from Britaly Coins, April 2016.

The small series struck under Vespasian this coin comes from is quite mysterious. The mint is not known for certain, although Ephesus is a prime suspect. K. Butcher and M. Ponting in The Metallurgy of Roman silver Coinage analysed the Ephesian and 'o' mint series and their data shows both issues are made from the same bullion. Not definitive proof the two series are from the same mint, but good evidence of a strong link. Unlike the Ephesian series, the 'o' issue is full of blundered legends and mules. This denarius struck for Domitian Caesar has a PON MAX reverse legend, an impossible title for the young prince. However, what the mint masters lacked in competency, the engravers made up for in their stylish portraits.

A wonderful portrait struck on a large flan. An obverse die match with my RIC V1494.
6 commentsDavid Atherton05/10/16 at 22:12Pharsalos: I've never seen this type before; the portrait...
Arkadia, Mantinea AR Obol23 viewsARKADIA, Mantinea Circa 420-385 BC AR Obol (8mm, 0.94 g, 5h) Acorn / Large M within incuse. VF, minor prorsity1 commentsOctopus Grabus05/10/16 at 06:45Pharsalos: Lovely example of this interesting type.
Baktrian Kingdom, Apollodotos I, ca. 175-165 BC Æ Quadruple Unit27 viewsΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ AΠΟΛΛΟΔΟΤΟY ΣΩΤHPOΣ (of King Apollodotos Savior) Apollo standing facing holding bow and arrow.
Tripod on stand in dotted square border outside which Maharajas Apaladasta Iradasa (of King Apollodotos Savior) in Kharoshthi script (reverse image in photo above is inverted).

Mitchiner 209a; Bopearachchi 6A; SNG ANS 9, 346; HGC 12, 41; Sear GCV 7594.

(22 x 21 mm, 12h).
CNG e-Auction 162, 11 Apr. 2007, 134.

Apollodotos was a contemporary of the later Euthydemid rulers, Agathokles, Pantaleon and Antimachos. His Greek coinage is rare with only less than a dozen portrait tetradrachm specimens known. Almost all of his coinage adhered to south Indian traditions, with bi-lingual Greek and Kharoshthi legends and non-portrait types struck on square flans, either elephant and bull on his silver, or Apollo and tripod on the bronze. From this coinage, which comprises the only evidence for his reign, it appears that Apollodotos administered his territories south of the Hindu Kush. The imagery on Apollodotos’ coins breaks with the tradition of the Euthydemid dynasty, portraying seated Athena on the tetradrachms (in the style of the reverse of Lysimachos coinage) and a standing Apollo on AE issues, reminiscent of the Seleukid coinage. Eukratides may have retained him as a provincial ruler through the struggle for power.
1 commentsn.igma05/08/16 at 13:42Pharsalos: Beautifully engraved Apollo!
Postumus, AD 259-268 21 viewsÆ Double Sestertius, 23g, 35mm, 6h; Struck 261 AD.
Obv.: IMP C M CASS LAT POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right /
Rev.: P M TR P COS II P P, Emperor standing left, holding globe and sceptre.
Reference: RIC V pt. 2, 106; CNG Coin Shop 732120, sold Theo.
1 commentsJohn Anthony05/08/16 at 13:38Pharsalos: Great flan and portrait, beautiful coin!
ROMAN IMPERATORS, Julius Caesar, Denarius93 views- Denier, Jules César, Gaule ou Italie, 49 avant J.-C (Argent) RRC. 443/1
Avers : CAESAR à l’exergue. Eléphant passant à droite ; à ses pieds un serpent (ou carnyx, trompette gauloise).
Revers : Anépigraphe. Instrument pontificaux.
3 commentsbgaut05/04/16 at 14:15Pharsalos: Superb example!
GENIVS EXERCITVS ILLVRICIANI39 viewsTrajan Decius antoninianus
Rome mint
1 commentsTibsi05/04/16 at 14:13Pharsalos: Very engaging portrait.
AETERNITAS AVGG32 viewsPhilippus I. antoninianus
Antiochia mint
very rare
1 commentsTibsi05/04/16 at 14:08Pharsalos: Exceptional, so sharp and what a portrait!
Vandals: Gunthamund (484-496) AR 50 Denarii, Carthage (MEC 8-10; MIB-3)19 viewsObv: DN RX GVNTHA; diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev: D•N within wreath.
1 commentsSpongeBob05/04/16 at 14:02Pharsalos: Lovely rare coin. Your collection of Vandal issues...
Ostrogoths: Theoderic (493-518) AR Half-siliqua, i.n.o Anastasius I, Ravenna (Metlich-43a; MIBE-V77; MEC-117)19 viewsObv: D N ANASTASIVS P P AVC, pearl-diademed and cuirassed bust right
Rev: Star within wreath

Size: 12mm
Wgt: 1.27g
1 commentsSpongeBob05/04/16 at 13:56Pharsalos: Very pretty and interesting.
House of Lancaster: Henry VI (1422-1461) 1st Reign, AR Groat, Calais Mint (North-1424; SCBC-1836)24 viewsObv: HENRIC DI GRA REX ANGLIE Z FRANC; Crowned facing bust within tressure of arches; lis at lower cusps; annulets flanking neck
Rev: POSVI DEVM ADIVTORE MEVM; VILLA CALISIE; Long cross pattée with trefoil of pellets in each quarter; annulets in second and third trefoils

1 commentsSpongeBob05/04/16 at 13:55Pharsalos: Wow, what a great example!
L.IULIUS36 viewsAR denarius. 103 BC 3,87 grs. Helmeted head of Mars left, CAESAR behind / Venus Genetrix in biga of Cupids left, holding sceptre and reins. S above, lyre below. In exergue L · IVLI · L · F
Cr. 320/1. RSC Julia 4.
1 commentsbenito05/04/16 at 13:50Pharsalos: Beautiful example, the toning must be fantastic in...
Hadrian, RIC 596, Sestertius of AD 119-121 (Victory with trophy)42 viewsÆ sestertius (26.3g, Ø33mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 119-121.
Obv.: IMP CAESAR TRAIANVS HADRIANVS AVG P M TR P COS III, laureate, heroic bust right, drapery on far shoulder.
Rev.: VICTORIA AVGVSTI (around) S C (field), Victory advancing right, holding trophy.
RIC 596; Cohen 1462; Strack 561; Banti (I Grandi Bronzi Imperiali II-2) 767 (1 spec.)
ex G.Henzen (1997).

In AD 117, Hadrian successfully repressed a revolt in Britain. Even though one legion was lost, the senate issued a number of coins celebrating the victory from AD 119 onwards. This issue with Victoria holding a trophy was one of these.
2 commentsCharles S05/01/16 at 12:09Pharsalos: Beautiful coin, and a very interesting bust type.
Egypt, Memphis or Aswan (?), Satrap Sabakes, 335-333 BC, AR Tetradrachm41 viewsHead of Athena right with punch mark X on cheek.
Owl standing right, head facing, crescent and olive spray to left, crescent above a stylized thunderbolt (Sabakes symbol) and Aramaic legend SWYN (Aswan) to right, punch mark X on owl.

Nicolet-Pierre 6, D4/R-; SNG Copenhagen 3; Van Alfen Type I, O4/R-; Mitchiner 10a; Sear GCV 6232. Van Alfen (AJN 14 2002) countermark 3 on obv. & rev.

(24 mm, 16.91 g, 9h).
From LWHT Col.; HJB 166, 15 October 2009, 176.

Sabakes, to whom the issue of this coin type is attributed, was the penultimate Persian Satrap of Egypt. In 333 BC he led a contingent from Egypt to join the Persian army facing Alexander the Great at Issos, where he perished in battle. It is likely that this coin was struck under his governorship, perhaps for use as payment in preparations for the expeditionary force in support of Darius III. Counter marks are commonly present on these coins and most of the surviving examples are worn, indicating an extended period of circulation. This is consistent with the fact that the next coinage to be struck in Egypt was almost a decade later, shortly after the death of Alexander the Great.
2 commentsn.igma05/01/16 at 11:05Pharsalos: Fantastic tetradrachm! With the wear and tear, thi...
Baktrian Kingdom, Eukratides I, ca. 171-145 BC, AR Tetradrachm 32 viewsDiademed bust of a youthful Eukratides right.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ EYKPATIΔOY (of King Eukratides) Dioskouroi on horseback charging right, carrying spears and palm branches, PK monogram to lower right.

Bopearachchi Series1B; SNG ANS 9, 431; Mitchiner 168(f); Qunduz 108-114; HGC 12, 130; Sear GCV 7568.

(32 mm, 16.75 g, 12h).
From LWHT Col.; CNG 73, 13 Sep. 2006, 535.

Eukratides I came to power in a revolt against the Euthydemid dynasty commencing around 171 BC and continuing for a decade. He extended his dominion to include all of Baktria and its realms both north and south of the Hindu Kush. Around 145 BC, Eukratides was murdered by his one of his own sons, probably Plato. By this time Baktria was weakened by the protracted struggle for power. The demise of Eukratides provided a catalyst for Scythian nomads to cross the Oxus, eventually to overrun Baktria. The city of Ai Khanoum appears to have been amongst the first to fall to invaders. This is evidenced by the fact that no coins later than those of Eukratides have been found in the excavations at Ai Khanoum. Within a decade Baktria had fragmented, overrun by Scythian nomads from the north, with the possible exception of a small Greek enclave in the eastern foothills of the Hindu Kush and the associated valley passes that led to the south and the Kabul Valley. A small remnant Greek civilization remained for another century to the south of the Hindu Kush before being overrun.
2 commentsn.igma05/01/16 at 10:59Pharsalos: Beautiful coin! Interesting long trailing diadem.
Nero (54-68 AD), Quadrans, Roma mint (Boyd collection)56 viewsNERO. 54-68 AD. Æ Quadrans (15mm, 2.33 g). Rome mint. Struck circa 64 AD.
D/ NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG, Cippus surmounted by helmet; spear and shield around /
R/ GER PM TR - P IMP P P Laurel-branch, S - C in field
RIC I 250; VF, brown patina a little rough.
Provenience: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (27 febbraio 2011, numero catalogo 128), ex Philip R. Judd collection (Melbourne Australia, 2010), ex Marc Poncin collection (2006), ex CNG (eAuction 135/2006, lot 109); ex Baldwin’s 42 (London, 26 September 2005, lot 264); ex W.C. Boyd collection (London, april 1905); ex W. S. Lincoln collection (London, 1905).
1 commentspaolo05/01/16 at 00:26Pharsalos: Lovely example, and what a pedigree!
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - RIC VIII Constantinople 08246 viewsÆ Centenionalis
Obv:- D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:- FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, Helmeted soldier left, shield on left arm, spearing falling horseman; shield at ground to right. Horseman turns to face the soldier, and reaches his left arm up towards him. He wears a Phrygian hemlet and a beard
Minted in Constantinople (G | _ // CONSD*).
References:- RIC VIII Constantinople 82
1 commentsmaridvnvm04/30/16 at 00:26Pharsalos: Beautiful example!
Samos, Ionia41 views6th-5th century B.C.
Silver Hemiobol
0.25 gm, 7 mm
Obv: Head of bull right.
Rev: Head of roaring lion right within incuse square.
BMC Ionia p. 352, 27 (trihemiobol);
HGC 6, 1182 (trihemiobol)
1 commentsJaimelai04/28/16 at 14:10Pharsalos: Nice coin!
Cr. 494/23, Republic, 42 BC, P. Clodius M. f. Turrinus 33 viewsP. Clodius M. f. Turrinus
AR Denarius, 42 BC, Rome
Obv.: Laureate bust of Apollo right; lyre behind
Rev.: P•CLODIVS right; M•F• left, Diana standing facing, with bow and quiver over shoulder, holding lighted torch in each hand;
AR, 3,78 g, 20 mm.
Ref.: Sydenham 1117, Crawford 494/23, Babelon Clodia 14
Old collection label
Ex Lanz Numismatik
1 commentsshanxi04/26/16 at 21:11Pharsalos: Nice example!
Trajan, RIC 535, Sestertius of AD 104-107112 viewsÆ Sestertius (28,58g, Ø 34mm, 6h). Rome, AD 104-107.
Obv.: IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P, laureate 3/4 frontal left, paludament & balteus.
Rev.: , Trajan, in military dress, cloak floating behind, on horse prancing right, riding over Dacian fallen in front of horse.
RIC 535 (scarce); Strack 360; Banti 218; MIR 203q+
7 commentsCharles S04/18/16 at 13:08Pharsalos: Stunning; left facing portrait and huge flan - cou...
Baktrian Kingdom, Euthydemos I, ca. 230-200 BC, AR Tetradrachm 22 viewsDiademed head of a relatively youthful Euthydemos right.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ EYΘYΔHMOY Herakles seated left on rock, resting club on pile of rocks, monogram in inner right field, letter A in exergue.

Bopearachchi Series 5C; SNG ANS 9, 137 (same reverse die); Kritt, A8; HGC 12, 40.
Mint “A” - Ai Khanoum ca. 225-220/215 BC.

(29 mm, 16.7 g, 12h).
CNG 782054; ex- Semon Lipcer Coll.; ex- CNG 63, May 2003, 923.
1 commentsn.igma04/18/16 at 12:57Pharsalos: Another stunning tetradrachm!
Baktrian Kingdom, Euthydemos I, ca. 230-200 BC, AR Tetradrachm 22 viewsDiademed head of an elderly Euthydemos right.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ EYΘYΔHMOY Herakles seated left on rock, resting club on thigh, PK monogram in inner right field.

SNG ANS 9, 141-142; Kritt B17; Mitchiner 94a; Qunduz 19-20; HGC 12, 43; Sear GCV 7516.
Mint “B” – Baktra ca. 206-200 BC.

(26 mm, 15.92 g, 12h).
Realms Ancient Coins; ex- CNG.

The coinage portraits of Euthydemos range from youthful to elderly, reflecting the thirty year duration of his reign, which is inferred to have ended as early as 200 BC by recent workers (Kritt), or as late as 190 BC by earlier workers (Mitchiner). This portrayal probably represents the king in his sixties or seventies, after the invasion of Baktria by Antiochos III. The late life portrayal of Euthydemos is considered to be amongst the finest Hellenistic numismatic art. It shows a world weary, perhaps dissolute figure, for who the exercise of power has become as much a burden as a benefit. The Euthydemos series extending from youth to late life is almost unique in it’s true to life representation of the physical process of aging; the vitality and optimism of youth gradually replaced by the weariness of age, all captured in the progression of the portraits of Euthydemos.
1 commentsn.igma04/18/16 at 12:53Pharsalos: Very artistic dies; the obverse reminds me of the ...
Baktrian Kingdom, Diodotos I, ca. 255/250-240 BC, AR Tetradrachm 27 viewsDiademed head of the Diodotos I right.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ANTIOXOY (of King Antiochos). Zeus striding left, hurling thunderbolt in right hand, aegis over extended left arm; eagle standing in lower inner left, monogram in left field above eagle.

SC 628 (b); Holt A2 (Holt A2 example 2 = this coin); Bopearachchi 2E; Mitchiner 64c; Kritt, Dynastic Transitions Type A2 (Plate 1, page 19); HGC 9, 243. Mint “A”- Ai Khanoum ca. 255-250 BC.

(29 mm, 16.92 g, 6h).
Eukratides Ancient Numismatics: ex- William K. Raymond Collection; ex- Kovacs (1997)

The Kingdom of Baktria was created from the Seleukid province of Bactro-Sogdiana when the satrap Diodotos I began to act independently of the Seleukid king, Antiochos II around 256 BC. The first step towards independence came with the issue of coinage depicting Diodotos I, rather than the Seleukid king, Antiochos II. On their reverse the coins bear the image of a striding Zeus, rather than the Seleukid patron god Apollo. Yet the coinage maintains the legend ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ANTIOXOY indicating nominal servitude to the Seleukid king. This legend remained unchanged despite the accession to the throne of Seleukos III in 246 BC. In effect, this denies any allegiance to the latter king, while at the same time attesting to the legitimacy of Diodotos’ claim to the throne via his initial appointment under Antiochos II. Following the death of Diodotos I around 240 BC his son, Diodotos II, adopted the title of king, altering the legend of the coinage to that of ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔIOΔITOY, an unequivocal statement of independence.
1 commentsn.igma04/18/16 at 12:34Pharsalos: Fantastic coin, looks to have a beautiful patina t...
Kings of Macedon, Alexander III The Great, 336-323 BC, AR Tetradrachm – Damaskos c. 326/5BC59 viewsHead of Herakles right in lion-skin headdress, paws tied at neck.
ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡOΥ Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on a backless throne; in left field forepart of ram right; beneath throne two pellets above strut, ΔA below.

Taylor AJN 29, Damaskos, Series 2.2.2, 202 (this coin), Pl.11, 202 (this coin), dies A14/P7; Price 3204. Damaskos c. 326/5 BC.

(25 mm, 17.01 g, 11h).

Reference: Taylor. L. W. H. "The Damaskos Mint of Alexander the Great." AJN Second Series 29 (2017): 47-100.

The Alexander mint at Damaskos (Damascus) opened for a brief period in the mid 320’s. The reason and purpose behind its brief operation have not been established. However, its coinage was the fourth most abundant in the Demanhur Hoard with all Damaskos issues represented. The reverse of the Damaskos iissues, bearing a portrayal of Zeus seated with parallel legs and a legend absent the royal title suggests that the mint closed before the death of Alexander III the Great
3 commentsn.igma04/14/16 at 21:42Pharsalos: Beautiful lifetime issue!
Tarsos, Cilicia10 viewsAE22, 5.7g, 12h; late 2nd - mid 1st centuries BC
Obv.: Veiled and turreted head of Tyche right; countermark: radiate head of Helios within oval punch.
Rev.: ΤΑΡΣΕΩΝ; Statue of Sandan standing right on horned and winged animal, on a garlanded base and within a pyramidal pyre surmounted by an eagle, ∆P upper left
Reference: cf. SNG BnF 1307 ff.; SNG Levante 933 ff.; SNG Cop 333 ff.; CN
1 commentsJohn Anthony04/14/16 at 21:36Pharsalos: Beautiful and interesting, love the countermark to...
Vespasian RIC-793134 viewsAR Quinarius, 1.41g
Rome mint, 75(?) AD
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: VICTORIA AVGVST; Victory adv. r., with wreath and palm
RIC 793 (R). BMC 288 var. RSC 614a var. BNC -.
Acquired from CGB, April 2016.

Vespasian revived the quinarius after a long hiatus going back to the time of Augustus. Striking this denomination was quite in keeping with the antiquarian flavour of the Rome mint during the reign. The largest issue of quinarii, of which this coin is part of, was minted in 75. Keeping to tradition, Vespasian employed two Victory types (advancing and seated) for the reverses. They are all quite rare. Dating this undated issue is a little tricky. The quinarii struck before 75 have AVGVSTI in the reverse legend, while those struck after 75 use the shorter AVGVST. This undated issue employs both forms, therefore it fits neatly to 75.

This example is in exceedingly fine condition and style for the series.
9 commentsDavid Atherton04/14/16 at 21:31Pharsalos: Fantastic example of a rare imperial quinarius! Ho...
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312-281 BC, AR Tetradrachm – Uncertain Mint 433 viewsHead of Herakles right wearing lion-skin headdress.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ reading up on left, ΣEΛΓYKOY (misspelled with Γ rather than E) reading down on right, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left, ΣΕ monogram to left, circled ΜΗY monogram beneath throne.

SC 60.2; HGC 9, 12d (R2-3); WSM 1342 (same obverse die).

Uncertain Mint 4 in Cappadocia, Eastern Syria, or Northern Mesopotamia 301-281 BC.

(26 mm, 17.15 g, 5h).
Naville 21, 20 March 2016, 97.

Seleucid Coins (p. 33) notes the declining competence exhibited by reverse dies in the series to which this coin belongs. This is a characteristic along with the mint controls, shared with some of the later issues of Uncertain Mints 6A/1, perhaps pointing to the mobile military nature of the mint and resultant variable access to skilled engravers. The misspelled legend fits with this observation.
3 commentsn.igma04/12/16 at 13:43Pharsalos: Ahh very interesting, thank you for taking the tim...
L Papius Denarius Serratus, Papia 1, Sym. var. RRC 3126 viewsObv:– Head of Juno Sospita right, wearing goat skin tied under chin. Behind head, crowbar.
Rev:– Gryphon running right; in ex., L. PAPI.; in field, dolabrum (pickaxe)
Minted in Rome from . B.C. 79.
Reference(s) – RSC Papia 1. RRC 384/1. RCTV 311.
Symbol variety – RRC 31. Babelon 32 BMCRR 31. CNR 1/07
1 commentsmaridvnvm04/11/16 at 22:28Pharsalos: Nice example of this interesting type.
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312-281 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Babylon I ca. 308/7 BC38 viewsHead of Herakles right wearing lion skin headdress.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ AΛΕΞANΔPOY Zeus Aëtophoros seated left, MI in left K(?)Λ beneath throne.

Price -; SC -. Previously undocumented type best placed immediately following Price 3771 in the Babylon I sequence.

(29 mm, 17.1 g, 9h)
Naville 21, 20 March 2016, 96.

The mint controls and style place this coin as an issue of Babylon, struck immediately after the conclusion of the Babylonian War in 308 BC. This event was associated with the removal of a wreathed mint control monogram associated with Antigonos Monopthalmos from coinage also bearing the left field MI control. The MI control was used on Price 3745- 3771 all of which are associated with the victory wreathed control signifying Antigonos supremacy as strategos of Asia. The KΛ control beneath the throne was previously used on Babylon I issues (Price 3711-3713) struck in the final stage of Seleukos’s first satrapy and in the immediate aftermath of his flight to Egypt. Based on the previous association and usage of these mint controls, this coin most probably represents the last of MI mint control issues, the first after the defeat of Antigonos by Seleukos. In Price’s sequence, it is best placed immediately following Price 3771; the earliest issue of Babylon I under the control of Seleukos following the Babylonian War.
1 commentsn.igma04/11/16 at 22:03Pharsalos: Beautiful rare coin!
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312-281 BC, AR Tetradrachm – Uncertain Mint 433 viewsHead of Herakles right wearing lion-skin headdress.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ reading up on left, ΣEΛΓYKOY (misspelled with Γ rather than E) reading down on right, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left, ΣΕ monogram to left, circled ΜΗY monogram beneath throne.

SC 60.2; HGC 9, 12d (R2-3); WSM 1342 (same obverse die).

Uncertain Mint 4 in Cappadocia, Eastern Syria, or Northern Mesopotamia 301-281 BC.

(26 mm, 17.15 g, 5h).
Naville 21, 20 March 2016, 97.

Seleucid Coins (p. 33) notes the declining competence exhibited by reverse dies in the series to which this coin belongs. This is a characteristic along with the mint controls, shared with some of the later issues of Uncertain Mints 6A/1, perhaps pointing to the mobile military nature of the mint and resultant variable access to skilled engravers. The misspelled legend fits with this observation.
3 commentsn.igma04/11/16 at 21:57Pharsalos: Certainly not an incompetent obverse die though! D...
Ruscino (Perpignan) - Obole au serpent de mer, - 150/-7525 viewsArgent, 0,32 g, 8 mm
A/ rose dégénérée à petit bouton central, lettre ibère "KU" à gauche , lettre ibère "A" à droite.
R/ sSrpent de mer ou hippocampe à droite, lettre ibère "M".
Réfs : Dicomon IBL-189
4 commentsGabalor03/31/16 at 06:00Pharsalos: Very interesting, I wasn't aware of this area&...
Vitellius25 viewsDenier, Lugdunum (Lyon), 3,19 g, 18,5 mm.
A/ A VITELLIVS IMP GERMAN, Tête laurée de Vitellius à droite, grènetis.
R/ VICTORIA AVGVSTI, la Victoire debout à gauche avec un bouclier inscrit SP/QR, grènetis.
1 commentsGabalor03/23/16 at 06:11Pharsalos: Beautiful example!
Ruscino (Perpignan) - Obole au serpent de mer, - 150/-7525 viewsArgent, 0,32 g, 8 mm
A/ rose dégénérée à petit bouton central, lettre ibère "KU" à gauche , lettre ibère "A" à droite.
R/ sSrpent de mer ou hippocampe à droite, lettre ibère "M".
Réfs : Dicomon IBL-189
4 commentsGabalor03/23/16 at 06:08Pharsalos: Wow, never seen this type before. What period does...
Massalia, période Hellenistique, -90/-5026 viewsDrachme H//MAΣΣA//AΠo//EP
Argent, 2,69 g, 8mm
Av./ Tête d'Artémis diadémée à droite, arc et carquois derrière, H devant.
Rv./ Lion à tête humaine passant à droite, MAΣΣA dessus, EP devant et AΠo en exergue.
Réfs : Dicomon DRM-55-22
1 commentsGabalor03/22/16 at 23:23Pharsalos: Wow, exceptional 'Lion'! Beautiful, intere...
RIC 29026 viewsConstantin II
2e officine
1 commentsPYL03/18/16 at 00:39Pharsalos: Wonderful bust!
0189 - Denarius Plautia 60 BC50 viewsObv/ Head of Neptune r.; behind, trident; before, P YPSAE SC.
Rev/ Jupiter in quadriga r., holding reins and thunderbolt; below C YPSAE COS PRIV; behind, CEPIT.

Ag, 19.7 mm, 3.88 g
Moneyer: P. Plautius Hypsaeus.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 420/1a [dies o/r: 34/38 (all var.)]
ex-NAC, auction 78, lot 674
1 commentsdafnis03/17/16 at 08:03Pharsalos: Beautiful style and surfaces.
L. CORNELIUS SULLA38 viewsAR denarius. Military mint (Italy). 83 BC. 3,97 grs. Head of Venus right,wearing earring and pearl necklace. On right Cupid standing left holding palm. L.SVLLA below / Two trophies. Between ,praefericulum and lituus. Above IMPER,below ITERVM.
Cr. 359/2 RSC Cornelia 30.
Bremens Beleville 26 Nov 2014 ,lot 251. Ex E.M.collection. Dorotheum ( Viena) June 1956,lot
2718. Ex Apostolo Zeno collection.
2 commentsbenito03/17/16 at 07:53Pharsalos: Beautiful coin and what a provenance!
THESSALY, Larissa. Circa 405/0-370 BC. AR Drachm.128 viewsObverse ; Head of the nymph Larissa facing slightly left, wearing ampyx and necklace.
Reverse ; Horse grazing left.

BCD Thessaly II 218; HGC 4, 432.

From The Sam Mansourati Collection.

6.11 gr , EF.
4 commentsSam03/17/16 at 07:43Pharsalos: Lovely artistic coin!
612 Hadrian Sestertius Roma 122-25 AD Spes standing64 viewsReference.
Strack 576; RIC 612b; Banti 595

Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right. (with visible thunderbolt on his cuirass leather strap)

Spes advancing left, holding flower and lifting dress.

28.15 gr
33 mm

From the J. Eric Engstrom Collection. Ex Lepczyk 61 (13 March 1985), lot 365; Vatican Museum duplicate from St. John’s College Collection, no. 429.
2 commentsokidoki03/17/16 at 07:34Pharsalos: Very interesting cuirass, never seen the thunderbo...
Kroton, Bruttium46 views525-425 BC
AR Triobol (11mm, 1.25g)
O: Tripod with lion‘s feet, within dotted border; QPO (retrograde) to left.
R: Pegasos with curled wings flying left; Q below.
SNG ANS 323-6; HN Italy 2127; Sear 468; Hands Class V, 3v (ethnic to right)
From the Frank James collection; ex CNG; ex Roma Auctions
3 commentsEnodia03/17/16 at 07:27Pharsalos: Beautiful example of this scarce, historical type.
Roman Imperial: Constantine I the Great (307-337 CE) Æ Follis, Trier (RIC VII-485) 28 viewsObv: Laureate head right, no legend.
Rev: CONSTAN/TINVS/AVG; Reverse legend in three lines; wreath above; PTR in exergue

1 commentsSpongeBob03/09/16 at 21:30Pharsalos: Beautiful coin.
Roman Imperial: Maximinus I (235-238) AR denarius, Rome (RIC IV-2; Cohen-55)35 viewsObv: IMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG; laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: P M TR P II COS P P; emperor, in military dress, standing left between two standards, holding spear.
1 commentsSpongeBob03/09/16 at 21:28Pharsalos: Stunning, absolute gem!
Roman Imperial: Constans (337-350 CE) BI Centenionalis, Siscia (RIC-218c)33 viewsObv: D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG; Pearl-diademed, draped bust of Constans left, holding globe in left hand
Rev: FEL • TEMP • REPA-RATIO; Soldier holding spear pointing upwards and leading barbarian right from hut under tree; BSISRM in exergue

ex-Bridgnorth Hoard
2 commentsSpongeBob03/09/16 at 21:23Pharsalos: Superb example! I think the 'R' in exergue...
Antoninus Pius, RIC 580, Sestertius of AD 139 (Aurum Coronarium: Cappadocia)38 viewsÆ Sestertius (25,31g, Ø 33mm, 6h). Rome, AD 139.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Rev.: CAPPADOCIA (around) COS II (in ex.) S | C, Cappadocia, wearing towered headdress, short tunic and short cloak, standing left, holding diadem and vexillum, Mons Argaeus with star above at left of her feet.
RIC 580 (R); BMC 1185; Cohen 120 (fr.25); Strack 784; Banti 51 (var.)
ex Ex Rauch, 19th live e-Auction, Feb. 2016.

Extremely rare: only 2 specimens in and missing from
1 commentsCharles S03/09/16 at 21:08Pharsalos: Very interesting and rare type, congratulations on...
Vespasian RIC-688231 viewsAR Denarius, 2.84g
Rome mint, 74 AD
Obv: IMP CAESAR in exergue; Vespasian stg. r., with branch and sceptre, in quadriga r.
Rev: VESP AVG across field; Victory on prow r., with wreath and palm
RIC 688 (R). BMC 147. RSC 569. BNC 121.
Ex Nomos Obolos 4, 21 February 2016, lot 575. Ex GH Collection. Ex Superior Galleries, The Moreira sale, Part II, 10-11 December 1988, lot 2374.

A major feature of Vespasian's coinage is in its use of antiquarian styled types and recycled ones from previous eras. K. Butcher and M. Ponting in The Metallurgy of Roman Silver Coinage have shown that a big component of Vespasian's silver bullion consisted of recycled denarii from the republic and early empire. Vespasian's moneyers were removing the older worn coinage and replacing them with brand new coins and in the process keeping some of the familiar reverse designs that the Roman public had grown accustomed to.

With that in mind, this very rare coin which copies not only the reverse design from a denarius of Octavian, it also copies the obverse. The only change is with the reverse legend VESP AVG to indicate Vespasian's authority. Being undated, it is difficult to correctly place in the series. RIC assigns it to 74 AD based on the legends. D. Hendin to 71-72, just after Vespasian and Titus' joint triumph for the Jewish War.

This denarius is so rare I have only been able to locate six other examples, all of which are in public collections: BM 3 examples (one plated), Paris (BNC 121, obv die match with mine), Berlin (rev die match with mine), and ANA NY. Curtis Clay has kindly informed me of several other examples offered at auction: "Glendining, 1952, Ryan Part 5, part of lot 2147, not illustrated, 'only fine but rare.' Perhaps the same coin as Trau Sale, 1935, lot 625, pl. 8: a worn example. Stack's, Knobloch, May 1980, lot 300. VF, but small edge chip (the ANA NY coin). Leu, April 1982, lot 327, VF."

I think the RIC frequency rating of 'rare' really underestimates the rarity of the type.

Fantastic old cabinet toning on a large 20mm flan.
17 commentsDavid Atherton03/09/16 at 21:00Pharsalos: Fascinating rarity!
Lucilla (162 - 182 A.D.)161 viewsAR Denarius
O: LVCILLAE AVG ANTONINI AVG F, Draped bust right.
R: CONCORDIA, Concordia standing facing, head left, holding patera and double cornucopiae.
Rome Mint
RIC III 760.

Ex. Cabinet Numismatique, Genève.

7 commentsMat03/09/16 at 10:42Pharsalos: Lovely portrait and toning.
ROMAN EMPIRE, Macrinus, AR Denarius. 23 viewsAD 217-218. Rome, AD 217. IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust of Macrinus right. Reverse: FELICITAS TEMPORVM, Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and scepter. RIC 62; Sear 7331; RSC 19a. Toned.

Felicitas was the goddess or personification of good luck and success. She played an important role in Rome's state religion during the empire, and was frequently portrayed on coins. She became a prominent symbol of the wealth and prosperity of the Roman Empire.
1 commentsRuslan K03/07/16 at 00:05Pharsalos: Wonderful patina and portrait!
18 Diocletian: Serdica abdication follis.47 viewsFollis, ca 305-306 AD, Serdica mint.
Obverse: DN DIOCLETIANO FELICISSIMO SEN AVG / Laureate bust of Diocletian, wearing the imperial mantle, olive branch in right hand, mappa in left hand.
Reverse: PROVIDENTIA DEORVM QVIES AVGG / Providentia standing, extending hand to Quies, also standing, holding branch and leaning on sceptre. S F in fields, &Gamma: between.
Mint mark: . SM . SD .
10.63 gm., 28 mm.
RIC #15a; Sear # 12940, PBCC #843.
1 commentsCallimachus02/25/16 at 08:30Pharsalos: Very impressive - and that's just the flan!
63 Constantius I as Caesar: London follis.40 viewsFollis, ca 298-300 AD, London mint (group II).
Obverse: FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB C / Laureate and curassed bust of Constantius I.
Reverse: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI / Genius standing, holding patera and cornucopiae.
Mint mark: (none)
9.71 gm., 27 mm.
RIC #14a; Sear #14034 (this coin).

This very coin is pictured in Sear vol. IV at the listing of #14034.
1 commentsCallimachus02/25/16 at 08:22Pharsalos: Awesome portrait and style overall, I can see why ...
35 Maximian: Cyzicus follis.25 viewsFollis, 297 - 299 AD, Cyzicus mint.
Obverse: IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG / Laureate bust of Maximian.
Reverse: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI / Genius standing, chlamys over left shoulder, pouring liquid from patera, and holding cornucopiae.
Mint mark: K Δ
8.46 gm., 28.5 mm.
RIC #12b; Sear #13269.
1 commentsCallimachus02/25/16 at 08:18Pharsalos: Beautiful coin, great strike both sides too.
038a Faustina (II) Filia (128-175 A.D.), RIC III 0517c (Ant.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, VENVS, Venus standing left, Scarce!, #1115 views038a Faustina (II) Filia (128-175 A.D.), RIC III 0517c (Ant.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, VENVS, Venus standing left, Scarce!, #1
"Daughter of Antoninus Pius and Faustina Sr. and wife of Marcus Aurelius. She was also the mother of Commodus and Lucilla, wife of Lucius Verus."
avers:- FAVSTINA-AVG-P-II-AVG-FIL, Draped bust right, showing Strack's coiffure a, with band of pearls in hair.
revers: VE-NVS, Venus standing left, holding apple and rudder, dolphin coiled around rudder.
exerg:-/-//--, diameter: 17mm, weight: 2,91g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: A.D., ref: RIC-III-RIC 517c, p-95,(Ant.Pius), Strack 495. BMCRE 1067. Cohen 266.
2 commentsquadrans02/09/16 at 11:12Pharsalos: Beautiful coin!
Crispina, Concordia132 viewsSilver denarius, RIC III 279, RSC II 9, BMCRE IV 29, Choice gVF, Rome mint, 3.403g, 19.3mm, 0o, 180-182 A.D.; obverse CRISPINA AVG, draped bust right; reverse CONCORDIA, clasped hands; scarce;
Purchased from FORVM in Feb. 09
3 commentsarizonarobin02/09/16 at 11:08Pharsalos: Love the portrait!
Septimius Severus, 193 - 211 AD84 viewsObv: SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate head of Septimius Severus facing right.

Rev: INVICTA VIRTVS (unconquered valor), Septimius Severus in military dress, cloak floating behind, on a horse galloping right, brandishing a spear at a fallen enemy who is wearing a Parthian cap.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 207 AD

3.062 grams, 20.6 mm, 180°

RIC IVi 269, RSC III 229, S6287

5 commentsMatt Inglima02/09/16 at 10:56Pharsalos: Wow, must be amongst the finest known. Wonderful c...
888 Hadrian Sestertius Roma 134-38 AD Hadrian standing vis-à-vis Italia66 viewsReference.
RIC 888c, Banti 34; Strack 751

Bust of Hadrian, bare-headed, draped, right.

Hadrian, togate, on left, standing right, holding roll in left hand and raising right to Italia, standing left, facing him, on right, sacrificing over altar in center with right hand and holding cornucopiae in left; bull next to altar

23.00 gr
32 mm
3 commentsokidoki02/04/16 at 12:33Pharsalos: Wow, beautiful, historical and rare!
VICTORIA AVG22 viewsSesterce
atelier officiel
Bastien 100
même coin d'avers que le Bastien 100q
de Witte ...
Cohen 383
RIC 170
Elmer 247
1 commentsPYL02/04/16 at 12:24Pharsalos: Amazing strike for a Postumus sestertius. Victory ...
RESTITVTOR GALLIAR25 viewsdouble sesterce
atelier officiel
Bastien 28
de Witte 258
Cohen 321
RIC 157
Elmer 202
1 commentsPYL02/04/16 at 12:18Pharsalos: A most impressive reverse, the tree branch design ...
FELICITAS PVBLICAT30 viewsdouble sesterce
atelier officiel
SC dans les champs
Bastien 23b
de Witte 44a
Cohen 53
RIC 122 sans SC
Elmer 201 sans SC
1 commentsPYL02/04/16 at 12:12Pharsalos: Fantastic, heavy coin.
1er Emission - 1er Phase - (mi 260) - Trèves - SALVS PROVINCIARVM36 viewsIMP C M CASS LAT POSTIMVS P F AVG
variante divinité fluviale sans cornes
EG 1
AGK 87a
de Witte ...
Cohen ...
1 commentsPYL02/04/16 at 12:04Pharsalos: Lovely example of this interesting type!
Nero, RIC 147, Sestertius of AD 64 (Triumphal arch)62 viewsÆ Sestertius (27.30g, Ø33mm, 6h), Rome mint, struck AD 64.
Obv.: NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P, laureate head of Nero facing right with aegis.
Rev.: S C (in field), Triumphal arch is surmounted by a quadriga facing with, standing on the left, Pax and on the right, winged Victory. At the angles of the entablature are soldiers. The front piers of the arch are decorated with sculptures in three tiers of panels; in the niche on the left is a statue of Mars.
RIC 147; Cohen 308; BMC 185; Sear 2000 (RCV) 1962var.; Foss (RHC) 67:14

Nero erected a triumphal arch on the Capitoline Hill while the Parthian war was in progress in Mesopotamia and Armenia, with Corbulo capturing the Armenian capital Artaxata in AD 58. The arch was rededicated or completely dismantled after Nero's death in AD 68, and this monument is only known from coins.
3 commentsCharles S02/03/16 at 12:18Pharsalos: Superb coin! I love the detail on the columns.
Faustina Junior, RIC (M. Aurelius) 1702, Sestertius of AD 176-18074 viewsÆ Sestertius (26,18g). Rome, AD 176-180.
Obv.: DIVA FAVSTINA PIA, draped bust right, hair knotted behind.
Rev.: CONSECRATIO around, S | C Faustina, veiled, holding scepter, seated on peacock flying right.
RIC (M. Aurelius) 1702 (S); BMC 1570; Cohen 69; Banti 38 (24 spec.)
Ex Künker eLive Auction 37, Oct. 2015
4 commentsCharles S02/03/16 at 12:13Pharsalos: Stunning both sides with surfaces to match.
Faustina Junior, RIC (M. Aurelius) 1717, Sestertius of AD 176-180 (biga)63 viewsÆ Sestertius (28,76g, Ø 32mm, 12h). Rome, AD 176-180.
Obv.: DIVA FAVSTINA PIA, draped bust right, hair knotted behind.
Rev.: SIDERIBVS RECEPTA around, S | C, Faustina, with veil flying behind head, in biga right.
RIC Marcus Aurelius 1717 (R); BMC 1591; Cohen 217 (25 fr.); Banti 123 (5 spec.)
Ex Boule (Paris), Mail Bid Auction 107, Oct. 2015

"Received amongst the stars".
1 commentsCharles S02/03/16 at 12:07Pharsalos: Magnificent coin, why must the most beautiful reve...
INDIA, Eastern Chalukyas73 viewsEastern Chalukyas, Nagas of Chakrakota, Someshvaradeva Rajyabhushana, Gold Gadyanaka, 3.65g, 39 mm, 1069-1108 AD

Obv: Central punch of a tiger and a calf with the sun and moon symbol behind

Around: Eight individual punches in Kannada script reading, circular from 8 'o'clock, "Sri", "Sri", "A", "NA", "NA", "SI", "GA", "MA" meaning 'Anana Si(n)gama' (As brave or fierce as a Lion), an honorary epithet for the King acknowledging his strength and prowress.
1 commentsmitresh12/20/15 at 10:10Pharsalos: Wow, very impressive and historical!
Orodes II., 57 - 38 BC30 viewsAR dr., 4,03gr, 20mm; Sellwood 48.7, Shore 259, Sunrise 380;
mint: Ekbatana; axis: 13h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/broad diadem and 3 ribbons; medium-long hair in 5 waves, mustache, short beard in 3 rows of curls; wart on forehead; multi-turn torque w/sea-horse finial; cuirass or tunic; star in left, crescent and star in right upper field; dotted border 11:30 to 13h;
rev.: archer, right, on throne, w/bow in one hand and monogram below; behind throne anchor; 7-line legend: BACIΛEΩC BAΣIΛEΩN ΛPCΛK(OV), bottom 2 lines off flan, (E)ΠIΦANoVC (ΦIΛ)EΛΛH(NOC);

ex: Pars Coins, CA.
1 commentsSchatz12/10/15 at 10:19Pharsalos: Cool symbol!
Dareios of Media Atropatene (?), ca. 70 BC104 viewsAR dr., 4,14gr, 20,1mm; Sellwood 35.7, Shore 165 (Phraates III.), Sunrise 330;
mint: Rhagai; axis: 12h
obv.: bare-headed, facing, w/broad diadem, 1 ribbon each between hair and bust; 2 puffy long hair tufts in 5 waves on either side of head, mustache, short beard; necklet w/center medallion; cuirass; dotted border 11 to 17h;
rev.: archer, right, on throne, w/bow in one hand; monogram below bow; 7-line legend: BAΣIΛEΩΣ MEΓAΛOV APΣAKoV KAIΦAEΛΛHN(OΣ) EΠIΦANoΣ(last 2 lines to be read from the inside) Θ(EO)ΠAToPoΣ EVEPΓEToV; exergual line.

4 commentsSchatz12/10/15 at 10:01Pharsalos: Incredible portrait, metal quality and surfaces to...
Mithradates II. 121- 91 BC 74 viewsAR tdr., 16,01gr, 29,9mm; Sellwood 23.2, Shore --, Sunrise 280 (Arsakes X., 122-121 BC);
mint: Seleukia, axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, right, w/diadem, knot and 2 ribbons; short cap-like hair in 5 waves, very short beard; earring, multi-turn torque; reel-and-pellet border 10 to 7h;
rev.: goddess (Demeter?) left, on throne, w/winged goddess offering diadem on outstretched right hand, cornucopia in left arm; 4-line legend in 2+2 format: BAΣIΛEΩΣ APΣAKOY EΠiΦANOYΣ (Φ)IΛEΛΛHNOΣ 2 symbols below exergual line: TV and composite monogram;

ex: David Sellwood Collection (The New York Sale XXXIV, Baldwin's).
1 commentsSchatz12/10/15 at 09:55Pharsalos: Never seen this portrayal of Mithradates II, it se...
Artabanos I. 127-124 BC52 viewsAR dr., 4,1gr, 20,3mm; Sellwood 19.2var., Shore 58var., Sunrise --;
mint: Ekbatana (?), axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/diadem, knot and 2 ribbons; short cap like hair in 5 waves, side lock (?), medium long beard; earring, multi-turn torque; eastern portrait (?); dotted border 9 to 13:30;
rev.: archer, right, on omphalos, w/bow in right hand; 4-line legend in 2+2 format: (B)AΣIΛEΩΣ MEΓAΛOY APΣAKO(Y) ΘEOΠATOPO(Σ); exergual line;

ex: Pars Coins
1 commentsSchatz12/10/15 at 09:50Pharsalos: Outstanding portrait!
Pakoros II., 77/78 - 105 AD34 viewsAR tdr., 9,08gr, 27,45mm; Sellwood 75.5, Shore -, Sunrise -, Sinisi Type II, p. 86;
mint: Seleukia; axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/facing torso; 4-layer diadem, 1 loop and 2 broad ribbons; medium-long hair in 4 waves of curls, short chin beard and sideburns(?); 3-layer necklace; tunic w/ornamental border; in upper right field Δ; dotted border 11 to 16h;
rev.: king, left, on horseback, facing goddess w/staff or sceptre offering diadem in right hand behind her male figure w/untied diadem(?); only 4 letters of top 2 lines of legend readable: IΛ and IΛ; year between the heads ΔΦT (82/83 AD), month in exergue unreadable;

ex: Pars Coins.
1 commentsSchatz12/10/15 at 09:45Pharsalos: Never seen this type before, magnificent reverse d...
Pakoros II., 77/78 - 105 AD43 viewsAR dr., 3,60gr, 20,4mm; Sellwood 73.11, Shore 395, Sunrise 431 (Pakoros I, 78-120 AD), Sinisi Type Va, p. 89;
mint: Court at Ekbatana; axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/4 layer diadem, 2 loops and 3 ribbons; medium-long hair in 3 waves, beardless; earring, 3 layer necklace; dotted border 8 to 14:30h;
rev.: archer, right, on throne, w/bow in one hand and monogram below bow; left lower leg missing; 5-line legend visible: OΛIIΛIΛC OΛIIΛIΛN IΛIͶO(V) ΛIXHVI (the bottom line is illegible), EΠIXΛHOC ΦIAHΛO;

ex: S. Album, Sale 15, Fall 2012, #20.
1 commentsSchatz12/10/15 at 09:43Pharsalos: Very distinctive portrait, is it believed to repre...
Vologases III., 105 - 147 AD36 viewsBI tdr., 13,6gr; 28mm; Sellw. 79.14, Shore -, Sunrise 447;
mint: Seleukia; axis: 12h; date: EΛY (123/124 AD);
obv.: head, left, w/tiara and 4-strand diadem, 1 loop and 2 broad ribbons; tiara w/row of dots and 4 single and 1 double upright hooks on crest; 1 lock of hair on temple, 2+2 curls below loop, mustache, short beard in 2 rows of curls; earring, 3-layer necklace; tunic/cuirass w/ornamental border; dotted border 7 to 9h and 13 to 16h; in right field a large B;
rev.: king, left, on throne, receiving wreath or diadem from facing goddess in long robe, holding staff/sceptre; between the heads the year EΛY; exergual line; 5 lines of legend legible: (B)ACIΛE(ΩN) OΛAΓA(COY) ΔIKAIO(Y) EΠIΦANO(YC), name of month off flan;

ex: J. Elsen Vente 69, # 298.
1 commentsSchatz12/10/15 at 09:35Pharsalos: Beautiful coin!
Stater of Aegina27 viewsIslands of Attica, Aegina
AR Stater 510-490 B.C.
Sea turtle / Five incuse squares (it is difficult to establish it)
12,5g 16x18mm
Ex Teutoburger Munzauktion 83
1 commentsMatteo12/10/15 at 09:18Pharsalos: Nice example!
Thessaly: Rhodian Mercenaries, silver drachm of King Perseus of Macedon, ca. 175-170 BC45 viewsObverse: head of Helios three-quarter facing right.
Reverse: rose, bud right.

2.54 g. Ex- "SmEagle1795" (Collectors Universe), 3/18/2014. Prior provenance to Harlan J. Berk, Ltd., Buy or Bid Sale #186, Lot 90, with description"Ex-Philip Davis Collection. Some iridescent toning. Choice Mint State."

HJB attribution & notes: "Price, KME-pp.241-2, SNG Keckman-794. Although the attribution of this issue has been debated, it seems likely that it was struck by Perseus to pay Cretan mercenaries, who would have been familiar with Rhodian issues, in the Third Macedonian War against the Romans (see R. Ashton, NC 1988, pp. 29-30)".
3 commentslordmarcovan10/09/15 at 04:55Pharsalos: Beautiful example!
Probus Antoninianus 276-282 CE RIC 809 var.121 viewsObverse - IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG. Radiate bust left, wearing Imperial mantle and holding eagle tipped scepter.
Reverse - VIRTVS AVGVSTIN. Probus on horseback right, riding over fallen enemy and spearing kneeling enemy before him with arms raised.
Mintmark XXIB Siscia mint with unlisted officinal (B)
21 mm diam., 4.2 g
Sold Jan 2018
3 commentsNORMAN K10/09/15 at 04:45Pharsalos: Beautiful coin, lovely details overall but a parti...
Hadrian, Restoration Africa60 viewsObverse: HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, laureate head of Hadrian right
Reverse: RESTITVTORI AFRICAE Hadrian standing r. raising kneeling Africa, who wears elephant-skin headdress and holds wheat ears, while two further wheat stalks spring from the ground before her
Mint : Rome
Date : AD 132
Reference : BM-874, C-1229 (5 Fr.), RIC-323
Grade : VF
Weight : 3.37g
Denom : Denarius
Metal : Silver
Acquired: 2/02/05
Comments : Hadrian is normally shown facing left on the reverse, this coin has him facing right.
2 commentsBolayi09/27/15 at 10:16Pharsalos: Very scarce and interesting coin; I don't thin...
SICILY, Panormos (as Ziz). AR Litra 29 viewsEarly-mid 4th century BC. 16x17 mm , 0,7 g
Helmeted head of Athena right / Swan right on waves.
cf. SNG ANS 547
Rare. _e72
1 commentsAntonivs Protti09/27/15 at 10:10Pharsalos: Very elegant swan and seldom seen type, beautiful!
SICILY, Himera. AR litra20 views430-420 BC
11 x 12 mm, 0.68 gm
Obv: bearded and helmeted head right
Rev: Corinthian helmet right
Ref: SNG Lloyd 1029
from Ira & Larry Goldberg, Pre Long Beach Auction September 2013, part of a mixed lot.
ex CNG Sale XXV, lot 71, 3/24/93
ex CNA II, lot 31

Well-centered, good details. A very nice example of the issue.
1 commentsTIF09/27/15 at 10:08Pharsalos: Beautiful historic coin enhanced by lovely toning.
FAUSTUS CORNELIUS SULLA41 viewsAR denarius. 56 BC. 3.87 gr. Laureate and diademed head of Venus right,sceptre, SC behind. / Three military trophies ,capis left, lituus right. FAVSTVS (in monogram) in exergue. Toned. Craw 426/3. RSC Cornelia 63.

2 commentsbenito09/25/15 at 23:00Pharsalos: Breathtakingly good strike and beautifully toned.
Faustus Cornelius Sulla169 viewsAR denarius. 56 BC. 4.05 g, 9h. Head of young Hercules right, wearing lion's skin headdress, paws knotted below his chin; SC above FAVSTVS monogram behind. / Globe surrounded by four wreaths, the larger jewelled and tied with fillet; aplustre and stalk of grain below. Crawford 426/4a. RSC Cornelia 61 .
This coin is one of ten million denarii that the Senate of Rome commissioned for the purchase of wheat in the year 56 BC. All those extra denarii, struck alongside the normal coin issues, bear the letters S.C for "Senatus Consulto" (by decree of the Senate) on their obverse, behind the head of Hercules. The ligated letters FAVS refer to the moneyer, Faustus Cornelius Sulla.

The ear of grain on the reverse illustrates that this denarius was indeed minted in connection with the purchase of wheat. Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus, who transacted the business, was the father in law of the moneyer Sulla, and effectually used his son in law's position to advertise himself. Three of the wreaths on the reverse commemorate the three triumphs of Pompey: He was the first Roman to celebrate a triumph on each of the three then-known continents. With this Pompey had made Rome a world power, which is symbolized by the globe in the middle. The fourth wreath, larger than the others, stands for the extraordinary honor that Pompey was bestowed with in 63 BC, when he was allowed to wear a golden headdress when going to the circus or the theater.
1 commentsbenito09/25/15 at 22:58Pharsalos: What a rare gem!
0016 - Denarius Cornelia 56 BC51 viewsObv/Head of Hercules r. in lion skin, SC and TAS in monogram behind, below winged paws.
Rev/Globe between jeweled wreath and three triumphal wreaths.

Ag, 19.9mm, 3.74g
Moneyer: Faustus Cornelius Sulla.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 426/4a [dies o/r: 33/37] - Syd. 882 - BMCRR 3912 - Cohen Cornelia 49 - Calicó 498 - RCV 385 - RSC Cornelia 61
ex-Kuenker, auction 124, lot 8390
1 commentsdafnis09/25/15 at 22:57Pharsalos: Nice example of this pretty type!
C.VIBIUS VARUS.36 viewsAR denarius. 42 BC. 3,78 grs. Head of Liber right,wearing ivy wreath / Panther left springing up towards garlanded altar on which rests mask and against which rests thyrsus. VARVS to right. In exergue C.VIBIVS.
Crawford 494/36. RSC Vibia 24.
1 commentsbenito09/25/15 at 22:54Pharsalos: Superb! Beautifully toned example of this rare typ...
Gortyna AR Drachm55 viewsObv: Head of Europa right, hair confined by ampyx and sphendone, outline of round die visible.
Rev: Head of bull three quarters right.
Mint: Crete, Gortyna
Year: 350–330 BC
Ref: Svoronos 37, pl. xiii, 11
Notes: Very rare.
1 commentsoa09/21/15 at 09:11Pharsalos: Beautiful rare coin!
Gortyna, Crete. AE 1235 viewsHd of Apollo r, A below chin.
Bull butting r.
BMC 69 - 75
10.0 - 12.3 mm, 1.65 g
1 commentsPekka K09/21/15 at 09:09Pharsalos: Lovely rare coin!
CRETE, GORTYNA, 98-94 BC56 viewsDrachm, 20mm, 3.74 g, 11h

O - Diademed head of Zeus left
R - Warrior standing facing, hand on shield set on ground, and holding scepter; border of radiating lines.

Price, Gortyn, Class D, 129-48; Svoronos, Numismatique 144; cf. SNG Copenhagen 448; BMC 54.

Ex Sierra Collection
Ex Triton X (9 January 2007), lot 256
4 commentsrobertpe09/21/15 at 09:08Pharsalos: Very nice example of a rare coin!
Ionia, Teos Ar Triobol29 views4th cent. BC
Obv.: Griffin running right.
Rev.: Kantharos, lyre right.
2 commentsMinos09/21/15 at 09:04Pharsalos: Very beautiful coin, sharply struck.
GREEK, Macedonia, Bottiai, AR Triobol, c.196-168 BC. 68 viewsMacedonia, Bottiai, AR Triobol (1,68 grams). Circa 196-168 BC.
Obverse: Macedonian shield with central five-rayed star
Reverse: Prow of galley right inscribed BOTTEAIΩN.
1 commentsOptimus09/21/15 at 09:03Pharsalos: Nice example of the type!
Phokis, Federal Coinage, 354-352 BC, AR Triobol - struck under Onymarchos25 viewsFrontal bull's head.
Laureate head of Apollo right, lyre behind, Φ – Ω below.

BCD Lokris/Phokis 295.2 (this coin); Williams - (O-/R216).

(14 mm, 2.75 g, 11h).
ex- BCD Collection: NAC 55 (8 October 2010) Lot 295.2.

The district of Phokis was centered on the ancient city of Delphi and its sacred precinct. This coin was struck from the silver appropriated from the Delphic Apollo Temple treasury by the Phokians during the Third Sacred War (356-346 BC). The sacred precinct at Delphi was seized by the Phokians and fortified at the start of the war. It is probable Onymarchos, the Phokian strategos of the time, struck this coinage within the sacred precinct and used it to pay for the ongoing war effort. Coins of this type are relatively rare despite the massive minting to fund the war effort. This results from to the fact that at war’s end the Lokrians collected all the Phokian coinage then in circulation and melted it down to make a massive silver hydria which was dedicated to Apollo at Delphi.
1 commentsn.igma09/21/15 at 09:02Pharsalos: Lovely example, lots of details survive.
Cherronesos30 viewsThrace, Cherronesos triobol 400 - 350 B.C. (12mm,2,26g)1 commentsAndreas G09/21/15 at 09:00Pharsalos: Nice coin and interesting reverse symbols.
Arkadia, Arkadian League, Megalopolis, ca. 330-275 BC, AR Triobol 22 viewsLaureate head of Zeus right.
Pan seated left on rock, holding lagobolon and raising hand; APK monogram to left, X to right.

HGC 5, 929 (S); BCD Peloponnesos 1526 (same dies); Dengate period I, issue 3, 13 (same obverse die).
A rare example of the first series issue, struck on the heavier Aeginitic weight standard.

(15 mm, 2.81 g, 10h)
CNG: ex- BCD Collection (not in LHS sale).
1 commentsn.igma09/21/15 at 08:58Pharsalos: Lovely coin, very austere Zeus!
58 viewsPeloponnesos. Argolis, Argos. Triobol. Wolf. Weber Plate Coin.

Date: c. 90-50 B.C.
Denomination: AR Triobol.
Diameter: 15 mm.
Weight: 2.29 grams.
Obverse: Forepart of wolf at bay left.
Reverse: Large A; below, eagle standing right; within shallow incuse.
Reference: Weber 4192 (this coin). BCD Peloponnesos 1177. BMC 114.

Ex: Sir Hermann Weber Collection, Ex: Spink 1888

Published: Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber MD, 1823-1918, Described Volume II, page 476, pictured on plate 154, #4192

Link to Plate 154:

1 commentspaul188809/21/15 at 08:57Pharsalos: Amazing coin, that dog sure has some pedigree!
GREEK, Attica, Athens, "New style" Tetradrachm45 viewsTetradrachme 16,7g 32mm.Mened and Epigegeno magistrates.Attica Athen 167/6 BC
Thompson 348e
1 commentsKarsten K09/16/15 at 09:59Pharsalos: Very nice coin!
GREEK, Macedonian Kingdom, Lysimachos, AR Tetradrachm 323-281BC28 viewsTetradrachm 16,87g .Thrakia
Sear 6814 var.
1 commentsKarsten K09/16/15 at 09:57Pharsalos: The obverse is of magnificent style.
GREEK, Macedonian Kingdom, Phillip III Arrhidios, AR Tetradrachm62 viewsTetradrachm 14.3g 24mm. In the name of Phillip II, Amphipolis mint. Struck under Antipater or Polyperchon. Alexander the great's half brother 320-317BC
SNG ANS 667-72
1 commentsKarsten K09/16/15 at 09:55Pharsalos: Superb example!!
Massalia, période classique, -380/-33629 viewsObole MA
Argent, 0,67 g, 10 mm
Av./ Tête d'Apollon à droite
Rv./ Roue à quatre rayon cantonnée de M et A
Réfs : OBM-Ic ; Maurel 333
1 commentsGabalor09/16/15 at 09:49Pharsalos: Beautiful style and preservation. Your collection ...
Massalia, période classique, -380/-33621 viewsQuart d'obole au coléoptère
Argent, 0,14 g, 7,5 mm
Av./ Coléoptère.
Rv./ Croissant pointé.
Réfs : Dicomon OBP-34 ; Maurel 308
1 commentsGabalor09/16/15 at 09:45Pharsalos: Very rare and very pretty!
GREEK24 viewsMassalia. AR tetrobol. 120-82 BC. 2,59 grs. Draped bust of Artemis right, wearing stephane, bow and quiver over shoulder. Below chin ligate ΓΛ / Lion standing right. MAΣΣA above, A to right. In exergue AHX.
Depeyrot, Marseille 55/8 corr. (monogram on obv.). SNG Copenhagen 794
Pecunem 17,lot 16.
1 commentsbenito09/16/15 at 09:43Pharsalos: Beautiful coin of fine style and toning.
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantius II, Nicomedia, Unlisted for Officina, 348-351 AD82 viewsObv: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG
Pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust, right.
Nimbate Phoenix standing right on globe.
2.8 gm, 17.4 mm, Ae3, Exergue: SMNΓ/*
Comment: Unlisted officina for RIC 73b shown with one workshop, Delta(R3).
1 commentsMassanutten09/12/15 at 02:23Pharsalos: Beautiful rare type!
SELINUS - Sicilia - Italia24 viewsAE Hemilitron 14.5 mm - 4.03 gr

Anv: Cabeza de Herakles vistiendo piel de león, viendo a derecha.
Rev: " Σ E", Arco y carcaj.

Acuñación: 415 - 406 A.C.
Ceca: Selinus (Hoy Selinunte) - Sicilia - Italia

Referencias: HGC 2 #1238 - SNG ANS #716 ss - Calciati CNS I #11 Pag.238 - Price Selinus pl. XI #1-3 - SNG Morcom #670 - Laffaille #204 - Virzi #1363 - Lindgren #545
1 commentsmdelvalle08/22/15 at 11:03Pharsalos: Beautiful coin.
Lucius Plautius Plancus75 viewsObv: Medusa facing, flanked by coiled snakes; L PLAVTIVS below.

Rev: Victory facing, her wings spread, conducting four rearing horses; [PLANCVS] below.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 47 BC

3.8 grams, 19.5 mm, 225°

RSC Plautia 15, S429

4 commentsSPQR Matt08/22/15 at 10:56Pharsalos: outstanding patina!
Syracuse Agathokles Tetradrachm 156 viewsSyracuse, Sicily. Agathokles (317-289BC). AR tetradrachm- 17,02 gram, ca 310-305BC
Obv: Wreathed head of Arethusa left, three dolphins around, NI below neck
Rev: SURAKOSIWN Charioteer driving quadriga left, holding kentron in right hand, reins in left, triskeles above, AI monogram in exergue. SNG ANS 639. Mac Clean 2818. gVF.

The scratch is barely visible in hand, far less distracting that it appears in the picture.
8 commentsLordBest08/22/15 at 10:52Pharsalos: magnificent dies!
170 - Constantius II - AE3 - RIC VII Alexandria 60 19 viewsAE3
Obv:– FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two helmeted soldiers standing with spears & shields, facing two standards between them
Minted in Alexandria (//SMALB).
Reference:– RIC VII Alexandria 60 (S)
1 commentsmaridvnvm08/21/15 at 21:57Pharsalos: That is a great example!
SECVRITAS PVBLICA23 viewsGordianus III. denarius1 commentsTibsi08/17/15 at 09:12Pharsalos: Very pretty coin, great strike both sides.
P M TR P III COS P P24 viewsPhilippus I. antoninianus
Rome mint
1 commentsTibsi08/17/15 at 09:08Pharsalos: What a gem!
PVDICITIA AVG50 viewsTrajan Decius antoninianus
Antiochia mint
Ov.: ...G M Q... (instead of ...C M Q...)
1 commentsTibsi08/17/15 at 09:06Pharsalos: Another incredible portrait. Beautiful!
AEQVITAS AVGG23 viewsPhilippus I. antoninianus
Rome mint
1 commentsTibsi08/17/15 at 09:03Pharsalos: Great coin, love the portrait!
PAX FVNDATA CVM PERSIS22 viewsPhilippus I. antoninianus
PM under bust
1 commentsTibsi08/15/15 at 23:56Pharsalos: Beautiful coin.
Argolis, Hermione, ca. 360-320/10 BC, AR Triobol 27 viewsWreathed head of Demeter Chthonia left.
EP monogram within wreath.

HGC 5, 745 (R2); Grandjean, Monnayage group I, emission 1A, D1/R2 (this coin cited = Coll. N. Davis169 (= Coll. Jameson 1259)); BCD Peloponnesos 1288 (same dies); SNG Copenhagen 136; Jameson 1259 (this coin); Dewing 1932 (same dies).

(15 mm, 2.84 g, 11h)
Classical Numismatic Group Mail Bid Auction 79, 17 September 2008, 295; ex- BCD Collection (not in LHS sale); ex- 'Continental' collection: Classical Numismatic Group XXIV, 9 December 1992, 255; ex- N. DAvis Collection; ex- Jameson Collection.

This triobol is the coin catalogued by Grandjean as D1/R2 Coll. N. Davis 169 (= Coll. Jameson 1259). It passed into the BCD Collection via CNG XXIV (1992) after the publication of Granjean's work in 1990. The Jameson collection was auctioned in Paris in the years 1913-1932.
1 commentsn.igma08/15/15 at 23:11Pharsalos: Beautiful style and lovely toning.
0058 - Denarius Augustus 19-8 BC34 viewsObv/Oak-wreathed head of Augustus r.
Rev/CAESAR AVGVSTVS, two laurel branches.

Ag, 17.8mm, 3.60g
Mint: Colonia CaesarAugusta (?)
RIC I/33a [R2] - Calicó 709
ex-Gerhard Hirsch, auction 254/5, lot 1711
1 commentsdafnis08/15/15 at 13:55Pharsalos: A lovely example of this beautiful type. Interesti...
GREEK27 viewsAR hemidrachm. Prokonessos (Islands of Mysia). c 400-350 B.C. 2,46 grs. Head of Aphrodite left, hair tied with ribbon / Oinochoe. ΠPO-KON right and left.
SNG von Aulock 1437. SNG Copenhagen 551.
Pecunem 17, lot 82.
2 commentsbenito06/17/15 at 00:43Pharsalos: Very beautiful coin.
Punic Spain, Carthago Nova, Second Punic War, struck ca. 209 BC, Æ25 20 viewsBare male head left (Scipio Africanus?).
Horse standing right, palm tree behind.

Burgos 425; Villaronga CHN Class XI, 282; SNG BM Spain 127-128; Robinson 7(p); Muller III, 13, 4; Sear GCV 6575.

(25 mm, 11.6 g, 12h).
Freeman & Sear.

The coins of Robinson’s Series 7 are of two styles, one Punic in character, the other more Roman in character. Robinson suggested that the latter represents the coinage of Carthago Nova after its capture by Scipio in 209 BC, and that the head on the obverse is a portrait of Scipio himself, while the heads of Punic type basically reflect the features of Hannibal. Villaronga simply calls both male heads.
1 commentsn.igma06/16/15 at 11:43Pharsalos: Lovely example of this fascinating type.
Ptolemaic Kings of Egypt, Ptolemy I Soter as Satrap, 323-305 BC - Memphis Mint64 viewsHead of Herakles right wearing lion-skin headdress; test cut applied to top of the head.
AΛΕΞANΔPOY Zeus seated left, holding eagle and scepter; rose before, ΔI beneath throne, O between throne and scepter.

Price 3971; Muller 124; SNG Copenhagen 853; Dewing 1180.
Memphis mint ca. 323-316 BC.

(27 mm, 16.92 g, 12h).
ex- Barry P. Murphy.

Amongst the first Egyptian issues of Alexandrine tetradrachms, minted shortly after Ptolemy took control of Egypt as Satrap.
3 commentsn.igma06/16/15 at 11:35Pharsalos: Superb style; take off the lion skin and I'd h...
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312-281 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Susa31 viewsLaureate head of Zeus right.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY Athena Promachos brandishing spear and shield in a quadriga of horned elephants right, anchor above IΣO monogram in right field, bee beneath.

SC 178.1; Kritt ESMS S-86 El. 43 dies A11/P-; ESM 327; HGC 9, 18c (R1-2). Susa Mint, 283-281 BC.

(25 mm, 17.17 g, 12h).

Freeman & Sear.

An example of the Susa mint transition from biga to quadriga reverse, using an obverse die previously only recorded in the biga series. This obverse die is not found on any of the previously documented (by Newell and Kritt) elephant quadriga coins of the series. It is the only known example that demonstrates an obverse die link between the biga and quadriga emissions. Moreover, the reverse is struck from a die that has some characteristics that suggest it was re-engraved from an elephant biga to an elephant quadriga. As such this coin is amongst the first of the Susa elephant quadriga chariot issues, probably dated to ca. 282 BC.
2 commentsn.igma06/16/15 at 11:29Pharsalos: Rare and magnificent.
Baktrian Kingdom, Eukratides I, ca. 171-145 BC, AR Tetradrachm 34 viewsΒΑΣΙΛΕYΣ MEΓAΣ EYKPATIΔHΣ Diademed and draped bust of a mature Eukratides right, wearing a crested helmet decorated with ear and horn of a bull.
HΛIOKΛIOΣ KAI ΛAOΔIKHΣ Co-joined busts facing right of Eukratides parents, Heliokles and Laodike, ΦΛΩ monogram to left.

Bopearachchi Series 15 A; SNG ANS 526-527; Mitchiner 182a; Qunduz 245-246; HGC 12, 133; Sear 7572.

(30 mm, 16.16 g, 12h).

Gorny & Mosch Giessener Munzhandlung Auction 126, October 2003, 1534.
The distinctive reddish black remnant patina of this coin is a characteristic of the silver coins from the Mir Zakah deposit. It is probably from this, the largest hoard of coins ever found, that the coin is derived.

This issue may have been inspired by the earlier “pedigree” coinage of Agathokles and Pantaleon, but equally likely given the many apparent anomalies associated with the issue, is that it was issued by the parents of Eukratides as statement of their position and prestige in Baktrian society. Heliokles’ bare head indicates that he was not a king, whereas the diadem on Laodike’s head suggests that she was of royal blood. Tarn identified her as a Seleukid princess, daughter of Seleukos II and sister of Antiochus III. On the other hand, Hollis in Laodike Mother of Eucratides of Baktria makes a plausible case that Laodike was the daughter of Antiochos III. Hollis argues that Eukratides was in this way connected to the Seleukid royal family and was perhaps facilitated by the latter in his endeavor to seize the Baktrian throne.

This coinage has a number of curious characteristics. The legend on this coin names Eukratides is in the nominative case, so that it serves to label his portrait rather than to identify him as the issuing authority of the coinage. The legend naming his parents, on the other hand, is in the genitive, normally used to indicate a filial relationship an argument supported by Hollis. However, it could also imply that Heliokles and Laodike had authorized the coinage. Both sides of the coin have defined filleted borders, unique in the coinage of Eukratides. All other issues bear only an obverse border around the image of the king. The fabric of these coins indicates that Heliokles and Laodike occupy the obverse, anvil struck side of the coin. Nevertheless, they are most frequently described in the opposite manner, in accord with the convention that the ruler occupies the obverse side of the coin.
1 commentsn.igma06/16/15 at 11:26Pharsalos: Another gem, remarkable portrait quality.
Kings of Macedon, Alexander III The Great, 336-323 BC, AR Tetradrachm – Cyprus, Salamis under Nikokreon38 viewsHead of young Herakles right in lion skin headdress, paws tied at neck.
ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡOΥ Zeus Aëtophoros seated left, bow to left.

Price 3139a (same dies); Newell Salamis 7. The first tetradrachm emission of Salamis ca. 325/4 BC, struck under Nikokreon.

(24 mm, 16.97 g, 12h).

CNG 259 (6 July 2011) Lot 66

After the Battle of Issos, the island of Cyprus surrendered to Alexander III the Great, denying the Persian navy a base in proximity to the westernmost coast of the Mediterranean. Struck from the first set of tetradrachm dies used at the mint, this coin dates to the start of Alexander emissions from Salamis around 325/4 BC. Nikokreon (ca. 331-311/10 BC), under whose authority this coin was issued, succeeded his father Pnytagoras on the throne of Salamis. He had actively supported Alexander in the siege of Tyre and is reported to have paid homage to Alexander after the conqueror’s return from Egypt to Tyre in 331. In return he was left in power to govern Salamis. Following Alexander’s death he allied himself with Ptolemy who in 312 BC placed him in control of the entire island of Cyprus. He died in 311/10 BC after which Cyprus became the focus of the power struggle between the military forces of Ptolemy and Antigonos Monopthalmos.
2 commentsn.igma06/16/15 at 11:22Pharsalos: Amazing coin, almost a Flavian style 'severe&#...
Otacilia Severa, Hippo89 viewsOtacilia Severa, AR Antoninianus,

Diademed, draped bust right on crescent

Hippopotamus standing right
IIII in exergue

RIC IV, Part III, 116b
2 commentsarizonarobin06/16/15 at 11:15Pharsalos: Great coin, fascinating reverse!
131a Constantius II. AE 3/4 2.4gm21 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIS NOB C laur. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, one standard
ex: SMANr or S
1 commentshill13206/16/15 at 10:56Pharsalos: Great preservation, lovely style.
Constantius II23 viewsAD 337-361. Æ Centenionalis (21mm, 4.54 g, 4h). Alexandria mint, 2nd officina. Struck AD 348-350. Pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust left, holding globe / Emperor standing left, holding labarum and resting hand on shield; two bound captives kneeling before him; ALEB. RIC VIII 54; LRBC 2814. brown patina, a hint of silvering. 2 commentsTLP06/16/15 at 10:36Pharsalos: Superb!
CONSTANTIUS II52 viewsAE maiorina. Alexandria. c.348-350 AD. Pearl diademed,draped and cuirassed bust left, seen from behind,globe in hand. D N CONSTANTIUS P F AVG. / Emperor advancing left,holding standard with chi-rho banner resting hand on shield set on ground. In front of emperor two bound captives leaning to left,looking at each other. FEL TEMP REPARATIO. In exergue ALE gamma.
2 commentsbenito06/16/15 at 10:35Pharsalos: What a gem!
32. Constans / Phoenix.49 viewsHalf Maiorina (AE 3), 348-350, Siscia mint.
Obverse: DN CONSTANS P F AVG / Diademed bust of Constans.
Reverse: FEL TEMP REPARATIO / Radiate phoenix standing on pile of rocks.
Mint mark: ESISF
2.12 gm., 18 mm.
RIC #242; LRBC #1134; Sear #18718.
1 commentsCallimachus06/16/15 at 10:30Pharsalos: Beautiful example.
Anonymous quadrantes group 02 Minerva olive tree40 viewsQuadrans
3.32 g, 16.5 mm, 12 h.
Obv. No legend. Helmeted bust of Minerva right.
Rev. Olive tree. SC in field.
RIC 9.
2 commentscckk06/06/15 at 06:23Pharsalos: Lovely!
Anonymous issue, time of Domitian to Marcus Aurelius (c. 81-180 AD). Æ Quadrans 2,67g, 15mm.26 viewsObv: Winged petasus r.
Rev: S - C, winged caduceus.
RIC 32, C. 36. (petasus to r.)
1 commentsxanthos06/06/15 at 06:20Pharsalos: Superb example!
Hadrien As.jpg
Hadrian - large semis ?42 viewsHADRIANVS AVGVSTVS, draped and laureate bust right
COS III / S C, cithar

Handsome coin. The cithar (ancestor of the Spanish guitar or the Indian sitar) is the instrument played by Apollo. I always wondered what kind of music was played with it. Did it sound more like Spanish, Greek, Arabic, Indian music ?
2 commentsGinolerhino06/06/15 at 06:13Pharsalos: Great style, lovely coin overall.
Roman Imperial: Constantius II (337-361 CE) AE Follis, Constantinople (RIC-87)58 viewsObv: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG.
Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, holding globe.
Constantius II in military dress standing left, holding labarum and resting hand on shield set on ground; to left, two captives kneeling vis-à-vis; star above.
3 commentsSpongeBob06/06/15 at 06:05Pharsalos: Superb example, you could shave with that one!
Antoninus Pius, RIC 889, Sestertius of AD 151-152 (Emperor crowned by Victory)37 viewsÆ Sestertius (24.2g, Ø33mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 151-152.
Obv.: IMP CAES T AEL HADR ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, laureate head right.
Rev.: TR POT XV COS IIII (around), S C (in ex.), Emperor seated l. on curucle chair, holding globe in r. hand and scroll in l., crowned by Victory behind.
RIC 889 (S); BMC 1887; Cohen 969; Strack 1066; Banti 455 (18 spec.)
ex iNumis 18

The obverse legend using Antoninus full name: IMP CAES T AEL HADR ANTONINVS PIVS', only found in this form in the period (AD 151-152), reminds of the earliest title of Antoninus Pius: 'IMP T AEL CAES HADR ANTONINVS AVG PIVS', used during the very beginning of his reign in AD 139 soon after divinsation of his adoptive father Hadrian.
1 commentsCharles S06/04/15 at 05:58Pharsalos: Lovely coin, great portrait and artistic reverse.
Hadrian, RIC 590b, Sestertius of AD 119-121130 viewsOrichalcum sestertius (24.91g, 34mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 119-121
Obv.: IMP CAESAR TRAIANVS HADRIANVS AVG P M TR P COS III laureate bust right, drapery on far shoulder.
Rev.: RELIQVA VETERA IIS NOVIES MILL ABOLITA (around) S C (field) Lictor standing left, holding fasces, setting fire to heap of bonds on the ground to left with brand
RIC 590b [R2]; BMCRE 1206; Coh. 1210; Strack 555; Banti (I Grandi Bronzi Imperiali II-2) 620 (18 spec.); G. Mazzini (Monete Imperiali Romane, Milano 1957, 5 voll.) 1210 (this coin)

ex CNG EAuction 202; ex White Mountain Collection; ex Mazzini Collection

In July of 118 AD, Hadrian made his first appearance in Rome as emperor to celebrate a Parthian triumph in the name of Trajan. He was quickly called away to Moesia to subdue the Sarmatians and Roxolani. While away, four high ranking senators, Lucius Quietus, Cornelius Palma, L. Publius Celsus and C. Avidius were executed by the senate for an alleged conspiracy against Hadrian, despite a promise by Hadrian not to execute members of the Senate. To calm a suspicious public, Hadrian held a week long gladiatorial show, granted an extra public largesse and, as this coin advertises, relinquished the public debt to the state equaling 900 million sestertii. This event culminated in an elaborate ceremony held in the Forum Trajanum where all records of these debts were set on fire

In the reverse legend, IIS stands for two semis (=sestertius); with a horizontal bar (IIS) it stands for "Sestertium" which is 100,000 sestertii. Thus IIS NOVIES MILL(IES) stands for 100,000 x 9000 sestertii.

(photo by CNG)
2 commentsCharles S06/04/15 at 05:50Pharsalos: Very interesting and rare!
Hadrian, RIC 640, Sestertius of AD 12657 viewsÆ Sestertius (27,44g, ). Rome, AD 126.
Obv.: HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS, bare head right.
Rev.: COS III around, S C in ex., Hadrian togate, standing left, on the rostra, addressing a group of six citizens who raise their hands in greeting, temple showing four columns in the background.
RIC 640 ; BMCRE 1309; Cohen 418 (100 fr.); Strack 599; Banti 201 (2 spec. (same rev. die)); David Sear (Roman Coins and their Values) 3588.
Ex José A. Herrero, Subasta Num. Mayo 15
3 commentsCharles S06/04/15 at 05:45Pharsalos: Beautiful, such an evocative reverse.
165 Constantius II18 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMH(delta).
1 commentshill13202/21/15 at 06:11Pharsalos: Fantastic portrait!
Hiempsal II - Horse galloping87 viewsObverse: Veiled head of Demeter r., wreathed with corn
Reverse: Free running horse r., Punic H below, palm tree behind
Date : c. 106-60 BC
Reference : Mazzard-81, Muller-48
Weight : 6.87g
Acquired: 29/04/04

Comments : AE 20, Hiempsal II. was the son of Gauda, the half-brother of Jugurtha. In 88 B.C., after the triumph of Sulla, when the younger Marius fled from Rome to Africa, Hiempsal received him with apparent friendliness, his real intention being to detain him as a prisoner. Marius discovered this intention in time and made good his escape with the assistance of the kings daughter. In 81 Hiempsal was driven from his throne by the Numidians themselves, or by Hiarbas, ruler of part of the kingdom, supported by Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus, the leader of the Marian party in Africa. Soon afterwards Pompey was sent to Africa by Sulla to reinstate Hiempsal, wh
1 commentsBolayi02/21/15 at 05:58Pharsalos: Beautiful, love the obverse particularly.
Vespasian, AD 69-7933 viewsAR denarius, 19.26mm (3.50gm).

IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right; a small 'o' is usually visible below the neck truncation / ION MAX TR P COS V, winged caduceus. Mint(s) of Asia Minor (Uncertain: Ephesus?), struck AD 76.

RIC II.1, 1476 (R3); BMCRE II, unlisted; RSC II, unlisted; RPC II, unlisted.
1 commentssocalcoins01/31/15 at 12:15Pharsalos: Very fine and interesting portrait
Vespasian RIC II 142723 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Ephesus Mint 71 A.D. (3.13g, 16.4mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS III TR P P P, laureate head right. Rev: AVG and EPHE in oak wreath. RIC II 1427, RPC II 8129, RSC 40. Ex CNG.

Although the reverse of this coin is off center, neither side of the coin shows much wear. With a tight flan, it’s amazing the obverse legend is complete. While nice, it is also a very shiny coin with no signs of toning. This is my first coin from Ephesus with a "mintmark."
1 commentsLucas H01/31/15 at 12:14Pharsalos: Lovely example
146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 232, -/-//BSIS•, AE-3 Follis, FEL•TEMP REPARATIO, Phoenix,104 views146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 232, -/-//BSIS•, AE-3 Follis, FEL•TEMP REPARATIO, Phoenix,
avers:- DN-CONSTA-NS-PF-AVG, Cn8, D3, Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- FEL•TEMP-REPARATIO, Phoenix, radiate, standing right on pile of ashes.
exergo: -/-//BSIS•, diameter: 18-20mm, weight: 2,73g, axis: 1h,
mint: Siscia, date: 348-50 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-232-p366,
2 commentsquadrans01/25/15 at 05:37Pharsalos: What a fantastic example!
Thessaly, Ainianes, Hypata, 87 BC, AR Didrachm 40 viewsHead of Athena right wearing Attic helmet decorated with tendril, Pegasos and four horse protomes.
ΑΙΝΙΑΝΩΝ l. up, ΚΑΝΩΡ r. down, Phemios as a slinger, naked but for chlamys over his shoulder and sword in scabbard, shooting sling to right; behind, leaning against his right leg, two spears.

De Callataÿ, Le monnayage d'argent au type d'Athéna Parthénos émis au nom des Ainianes, p. 130, 34 D4/R1 (this coin); BCD Thessaly II 41.2 (this coin).
This is the only known example from ΚΑΝΩΡ.

(24 mm, 6.97 g, 12 h)
Harlan J. Berk 181, 17 November 2012, 230; ex-BCD Collection: Triton XV (BCD Thessaly II Catalogue), 3 January 2012, 41.2.

Almost all specimens of this coinage appear to have a provenance to collections formed in the early twentieth century. No documented hoards of the type have been found. The examples that have come to market in the last few decades appear to have been recycled from old collections. Seventy six specimens are known and documented (de Callatay). Twenty-five exist in private hands.

Based on another study by de Callataÿ,” Didrachms of Leukas” this coin like the following coin of Leukas was struck in 87 BC (The First Mithradatic War) as a contribution to Sulla’s campaign against Mithrades VI Eupator. As noted by de Callataÿ both Leukas and Hypata “are located at strategic points for any Roman army coming from Brundusium and going directly to Attica.” The fabric and technical features of both coinages “support the strong suspicion that skilled Roman agents were involved in the process. Their volumes (ca. 250 talents of monetized silver in both cases) are consistent with the situation facing Sulla in the summer of 87 BCE.”
1 commentsn.igma01/25/15 at 05:34Pharsalos: Superb coin
Hadrian - Restitutori Phrygiae68 viewsHadrian Sestertius
c. 134-138

Hadrian togate standing left holding roll and extending hand to raise kneeling figure of Phrygia wearing a Phrygian cap and holding a curved sword

RIC 962

EX Robert O Ebert Collection, EX Hausman Collection
3 commentsmarcvs_traianvs01/25/15 at 05:20Pharsalos: Nice example of such a scarce coin!
Skepsis; Forepart of Pegasus l. / Σ â€“ K, Fir-tree; in linear square. AE 1039 viewsScepsis, Troas, Circa 400 - 310 B.C. AE 10mm, 1.4g; Forepart of Pegasus l. / Σ – K, Fir-tree; in linear square. BMC 82, 16. 1 commentsPodiceps01/25/15 at 05:19Pharsalos: Lovely patina!, great example of the type.
Satraps of Caria, Hekatomnos AR Tetradrachm91 views(392-376 BC)
Obv.: Zeus Labraundos holding labrys over shoulder and spear.
Rev.: Lion crouching.
SNG Kayhan 868-9.
6 commentsMinos01/25/15 at 05:16Pharsalos: Amazing example!
Cyclades, Syros, 3rd- 1st Centuries BC, Æ 1129 viewsHead of Dionysos wreathed with ivy left.
Kantharos, between two symbols 8-Ʒ (symbols largely off-flan).

Unpublished in the standard references, cf. CNG eAuction 248 (26 Jan 2011) Lot 119 (Syros).

(11 mm, 1.46 g 10h)
Forvm Ancient Coins

This coin was acquired with an "unknown attribution". Subsequently, CNG attributed the coin type to Syros. A handful examples are known from sales in recent years.
1 commentsn.igma01/25/15 at 05:12Pharsalos: Beautiful example of a rare coin.
Kings of Macedon, Demetrios I Poliorketes, 306-283 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Corinth 28 viewsHead of Herakles right wearing lion skin headdress.
BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔPOY Zeus Aëtophoros seated left dove left in wreath in left field, H beneath throne.

Price 671 (from the same obverse die as Price 670); Troxell Peloponnesian Alexanders pl. XIX, 6; Noe ANSNS 6, 19. Struck ca. 303-290 BC in Corinth by Demetrios I Poliorketes. Very rare.

(25 mm, 17.2 g, 1h).
Steven Battelle; ex-Gorny & Mosch 212, 5-6 March 2013, 1370.

Only two other examples of Price 671 are known, both from a different obverse die to that of this coin.This coin is from the same obverse die as that which struck the BM example of Price 670. On the latter, the die breaks around the eye of Herakles are more advanced, suggesting that Price 671 more correctly precedes the striking of Price 670 in the sequence of Corinthian Alexanders.
2 commentsn.igma12/12/14 at 22:41Pharsalos: Superb tetradrachm!
BCC RI26 (was BCC 44)47 viewsRoman Imperial
AR Quinarius
Caracalla 198-217 CE
Laureate head of Caracalla right
Victory advancing left holding wreath and [palm?]
13mm. 1.49gm. Axis:0
RIC IV 101 Very Rare, as found.
Surface find, Caesarea Maritima, 1972
2 commentsv-drome12/05/14 at 22:02Pharsalos: Yes very rare! Beautiful
hiempsal II101 viewsObverse: Beardless Male head (Hiempsal?) r., wreathed with corn
Reverse: Free horse galloping rt., Punic letters {=ht) below
Mint :
Date : c. 106-60 BC
Reference : Grose-10027, SG-6603
Grade : VF
Weight : 1.73g
Denom : Drachm or quinarius
Metal : Silver
2 commentsBolayi12/05/14 at 22:00Pharsalos: Beautiful rare coin!
08. Allectus.37 viewsQuinarius, 293-296, Colchester mint.
Obverse: IMP C ALLECTVS P AVG / Radiate bust of Allectus.
Reverse: VIRTVS AVG / Galley sailing to the right, steersman standing aft.
Mint mark: Q C in exergue.
2.50 gm., 19 mm.
RIC vol. V, part 2, #130; Sear #13875.
1 commentsCallimachus12/05/14 at 21:55Pharsalos: Stunning preservation and strike!
Phoenicia, Arados22 viewsAE22, 6.88g, 12h; 130/29 BC.
Obv.: Turreted and draped bust of Tyche right.
Rev.: Poseidon on prow left; date in Phoenician script below.
Reference: Duryat 2391-2, HGC 10, 78.
Notes: Ex Eukratides, electronic sale, 11/21/14, 57.
2 commentsJohn Anthony12/05/14 at 21:39Pharsalos: Beutiful example, Tyche is finely engraved.
Roman Republic, C.Marius C.f. Capito171 viewsAR denarius. 81 BC. 3.75 gr. Draped bust of Ceres right,head bound with corn wreath. CAPIT CXXXXI behind,symbol ( jellyfish) before. / Plowman with yoke of oxen left. CXXXXI above; C.MARI.C.F./SC in exergue.
RSC Maria 9; Craw. 378/1c.
Not in Banti, BMCRR, with that number and symbol combination.
1 commentsbenito12/04/14 at 09:38Pharsalos: Beautiful coin and toning.
Thrace, Mesembria, ca. 200-190 BC, AR Tetradrachm - in the name of Alexander III the Great40 viewsHead of Herakles right, with the features of Alexander the Great (?), wearing a lion skin headdress.
ΒΑΣIΛΕΩΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, Zeus enthroned left, legs draped, confronting eagle held on outstretched right arm and grasping lotus-tipped scepter, crested Corinthian helmet with cheek guards facing right before, ΔIOΣK in exergue.

Price 1003; Waggoner “The Propontis Hoard” Revue Numismatique 1979, 30 (same obverse die). The same reverse die as that of this coin was re-cut by erasing the name ΔIOΣK while adding a monogram beneath the throne and was used to strike Propontis Hoard 31, Price 1005. Mesembria ca. 200-190 BC.

(31 mm, 16.85 g, 12h).
Eukratides Numismatics; ex-CNG 42, 29 May 1997, 245.

One of nine known examples of Price 1003 and the only one from this reverse die, which was re-cut to Price 1005.

Price in describing this emission noted, ”The Mektipini and Propontis hoards document the chronology of the chronology of the late third and early second century BC. In particular they pinpoint the dramatic issues of Dioskouridas, with the very fine portrait, apparently of Alexander in the guise of Herakles as an issue of the 190’s BC.”

As indicated by Price, this is one of the few Alexandrine issues where there is a possibility that the portrayal of Herakles might have been based on a portrait of Alexander the Great. For whatever reason this portrayal was restricted to a single obverse die that was used to strike all known examples of Price 1003 and 1004.
1 commentsn.igma11/30/14 at 06:23Pharsalos: Amazing coin, such artistic dies!
MAFJ9 Away to War27 viewsMarcus Aurelius


Laureate head, right, M ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXIIII
Aurelius on horse right holding spear, soldier in front with spear and shield, three soldiers behind him with standards, COS III PROFECTIO AVG S C

RIC 977

Marcus twice between 168 and 174 had to command armies in Germany and Pannonia, which took him to a rough, often cold and dark frontier not fit for other members of the imperial family. A RAND study of US military personnel subjected to repeated and lengthy deployments to Afghanistan and Iraq concluded, "Researchers found that cumulative months of deployment matter. More cumulative months of deployment increased the risk of divorce among military couples, regardless of when the couple married or when the deployment occurred. The risk of divorce was higher for hostile deployments than for non-hostile deployments. . . ." People are people, and similar strains appear to have affected Marcus and Faustina, and may have contributed to Commodus' personal development into a monster in the absence of his father.

Marcus' generals held the Marcommani at bay during the Parthian war, but on Lucius' return, according to the Historia Augusta, "[B]oth the emperors [in 68] set forth, clad in military cloak. Both the Victuali and Marcomanni were throwing everything into disorder, and other peoples as well, who had taken flight under pressure from the more distant barbarians, were going to make war unless they were allowed in. The emperors' departure produced no small gain, for, when they had come as far as Aquileia, most of the kings withdrew, together with their peoples, and put to death those responsible for the disturbances. . . . Marcus. . . believed that the barbarians were feigning both their retreat and other measures purporting to offer military security--to avoid being crushed by the weight of such great preparations; and he held they must press on. Finally, having crossed the Alps, they proceeded a considerable distance and settled everything pertinent to the defense of Italy and Illyricum." Lucius died during the return to Rome in 169, and Marcus became the sole ruler of the empire.

The Marcommani nevertheless invaded Italy in 170 and besieged Aquileia, and Marcus returned to war, planning an offensive on the Danube. Eutropius recorded:

Having persevered, therefore, with the greatest labour and patience, for three whole years at Carnuntum, he brought the Marcomannic war to an end; a war which the Quadi, Vandals, Sarmatians, Suevi, and all the barbarians in that quarter, had joined with the Marcomanni in raising; he killed several thousand men, and, having delivered the Pannonians from slavery, triumphed a second time at Rome with his son Commodus Antoninus, whom he had previously made Caesar. As he had no money to give his soldiers, in consequence of the treasury having been exhausted for the support of the war, and as he was unwilling to lay any tax on the provinces or the senate, he sold off all his imperial furniture and decorations, by an auction held in the forum of the emperor Trajan, consisting of vessels of gold, cups of crystal and murrha, silk garments belonging to his wife and himself, embroidered with gold, and numbers of jewelled ornaments. This sale was continued through two successive months, and a great quantity of money was raised from it.
1 commentsBlindado11/23/14 at 00:48Pharsalos: Interesting and beautiful.
55 viewsL. Valerius Flaccus 108-107 BC AR denarius (3.51 grams), Obverse: Winged, draped bust of Victory right, mark of value XVI in monogram before
Reverse: L VALERI FLACCI, helmeted, nude Mars walking left, holding spear in right hand and trophy over left shoulder, flamen's cap before, grain ear behind.
Ex: Freeman and Sear purchased May 12, 2005
1 commentspaul188811/23/14 at 00:38Pharsalos: Superb obverse, classical Greek quality.
110 viewsIslands off Ionia, Samos. Circa 310-300 BC. AR Didrachm (6.24 gm, 19mm). Asklepiades. Obv.: lion’s mask facing. Rev.: ΣΑ / [Α]ΣΚΛΗΠΙΑΔ[ΗΣ] Forepart of an ox to right, with a dotted truncation and an olive branch to right. Barron p. 214, 2 b (this coin). Ex:Münzen und Medaillen AG, Basel - fixed price list 169 (1957), lot 183 commentspaul188811/23/14 at 00:34Pharsalos: Wow, lovely style and well centered!
Elis, Olympia, 97th-100th Olympiad, 392-380 BC, AR Hemidrachm 50 viewsHead of Eagle right; ΠO (Polykaon) below.
Thunderbolt with volutes above and wings below; F-A across field; all within olive wreath.

HGC 5, 433 (R2); BCD Olympia 95; Seltman, Temple pl. VIII, 20. Zeus Mint.

(15 mm, 2.58 g, 1h).
Classical Numismatic Group, August 2009; ex- BCD Collection (not in previous sales); ex- Dr. J. S. Wilkinson Collection: Malter 49, 15 November 1992, 627.
2 commentsn.igma11/19/14 at 09:40Pharsalos: Beautiful!
Zeugitana, Carthage, Second Punic War, struck ca. 210-205 BC, BI Tridrachm27 viewsHead of Tanit left, wreathed with corn, wearing necklace and triple drop pendant ear-ring.
Horse standing right, palm tree behind.

Lorber Group 4, 132 (same dies); MAA 44; SNG Copenhagen 190.

(25 mm, 9.78 g, 12h).
Harlan J Berk Limited Buy or Bid Sale 150, 127; ex- Commerce 1995 Hoard.
1 commentsn.igma11/19/14 at 09:35Pharsalos: Superb example!
Massalia, période classique, -410/-33622 viewsObole à l'ethnique
Argent, 0,80 g, 10 mm
Av./ MAΣΣAΛI, tête d'Apollon à droite
Rv./ Roue à quatre rayons cantonnée d'un M
Réfs : OBM-6d ; Maurel 325
2 commentsGabalor11/06/14 at 23:22Pharsalos: Wow! Amazing obverse.
Massalia, période classique, -410/-38010 viewsHémiobole au M
Argent, 0,43 g, 9 mm
Av./ Tête d'Apollon à droite
Rv./ Roue à quatre rayons cantonnée d'un M
Réfs : OBM-6f ; Maurel 327
1 commentsGabalor11/06/14 at 23:20Pharsalos: Very beautiful! I didn't know this type even e...
Zeugitania/Siculo-Punic (Carthage and other mints)147 viewsAE unit
Obv:- Head of Tanit left, wearing wreath of grain.
Rev: Head of horse right, Pellet before.
Minted in Zeugitania, Carthage. Circa 300-264 BC
Reference:– SNGCop 169

21.49 mm. 5.36 g.
1 commentsmaridvnvm11/06/14 at 23:12Pharsalos: Fantastic example.
Zeugitana, Carthage, Siculo-Punic, 325-300 BC116 viewsAR tetradrachm, 23mm, 17.69g, aEF
Head of young Herakles right, clad in lion's skin / Head and neck of horse left, date palm behind; beneath, Punic legend AMHMHNT (= people of the camp)
Ex: Alexander Boggis Collection
Sear 6436; SNG Cop 983; Jenkins IV, 312 (O100/R253)
Consigned to Forvm
3 commentsLawrence Woolslayer11/06/14 at 23:12Pharsalos: The horse head is superb!
Carthage AR Quarter Shekel 38 viewsCARTHAGE, Second Punic War. Circa 220-205 BC. AR Quarter Shekel (14mm, 1.80 g). Wreathed head of Tanit left / Horse standing right. MAA 78; SNG Copenhagen 335. Good VF, find patina.1 commentsTLP11/06/14 at 23:09Pharsalos: Beautiful example!
Antoninius Pius Denarius23 viewsAntoninius Pius Denarius

Obv: Bust of Antoninus Pius "ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III"

Rev: "TRANQVILLITAS AVG" Tranquilitas standing right holding a rudder and two corn ears.

RSC 827, 3.24gr
1 commentsAdrian S11/01/14 at 11:56Pharsalos: Nice coin, very scarce reverse type!
Ionia, Priene. AR Drachm. Facing Bust of Athena75 viewsIonia, Priene. 2nd Century BC. AR Drachm. 4.04g. 18mm. Athenopolis, Magistrate. Draped bust of Athena Parthenos facing, wearing triple crested helmet. / Nike advancing rt., holding a wreath and palm; all within a maeander pattern. Regling, Priene, pl. I, #27; Ex. Gemini III, lot 187. Magistrate not known from the bronze issues.

A very interesting coin with an obverse image of Athena resembling several Seleucid bronze issues from Asia Minor. A beautiful coin from one of the more beautiful ancient sites one can ever visit
2 commentsFausta11/01/14 at 07:36Pharsalos: What beautiful, rare coin!
Gallienus - Antelope Left60 viewsObverse:- GALLIENVS[AV]G, Head right with radiate crown
Reverse:- [DIANA]ECONSAVG, Antelope left, less common type depicting the antelope half from behind with both rear legs visible.
Exergue:- Gamma
RIC cf.181 GOBL 716b(2) CUNETIO 1345 CMR 7a3(E)

There are 5 coins of this type in the Cunetio Hoard
1 commentsnogoodnicksleft10/30/14 at 12:04Pharsalos: Remarkable details both sides!
ROMAN EMPIRE, Carausius, Diocletian & Maximianus - Antoninianus4229 viewsObv.: CARAVSIVS ET FRATRES SVI, jugate, radiate & cuirassed busts of Maximianus, Diocletian & Carausius left Rev.:PAX A-VGGG, Pax standing left, holding olive-branch & vertical scepter; S P/C. Mint Camulodunum. (Struck circa 292-293 AD)59 commentspostumus10/27/14 at 11:14Pharsalos: Incredible piece, the glory of Rome punched onto o...
01 - Trajan Silver Denarius - AET AVG - Head of Sol and Luna48 viewsRoman Empire, Emperor Trajan (98 - 117 A.D.)
Silver Denarius, Rome Mint. 3.2 Grams.
obv: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P - Laureate bust right, drapery on far shoulder.
rev: COS V P P SPQR OPTIMO PRINC - Aeternitas standing facing, head left holding the head of Sol (the Sun god) in her right hand and the head of Luna (the Moon Goddess) in her left hand.
AET AVG - across fields on either side of Aeternitas.
RIC 91, RSC 3
1 commentsrexesq10/27/14 at 10:50Pharsalos: Beautiful example of this type.
THRACIA, AINOS AR-Diobol, 408/406 v. Chr.26 viewsVs: Hermeskopf r. mit Petasos
Rs: Ziege r., unten Krabbe.
Erhaltung: Sehr schön
0,9 gr 10 mm. May 307 sold
1 commentsAntonivs Protti10/27/14 at 10:48Pharsalos: Lovely style.
Olynthos Chalkidian League.143 viewsAR Tetrobol. 420-393 BC. 2.4 gm.
Obverse- Laureate head of Apollo left.
Reverse- Lyre in linear square.
Sear 1425 (v.)
3 commentsb7010/27/14 at 10:42Pharsalos: Beautiful portrait and toning.
AD 221 TO 280
Minor Han (Shu) AD 221 - 265

Bronze 100 shu
18mm, 1.32g
2 commentsSamson L210/27/14 at 10:33Pharsalos: Beautiful patina
THESSALY, Pharsalos, Mid to late 5th century BC91 viewsAR Hemidrachm, 14mm, 3.05g, 10h

O - Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet and drop earring.
R - Φ-A[P] right down, horse’s head and neck right, all in an incuse square.

Lavva 8 c (this coin).

From the BCD Collection (ex Triton XV, 4 January 2012, lot 630)
2 commentsrobertpe10/25/14 at 13:12Pharsalos: Gorgeous coin.
GREEK, ITALY, LUCANIA, Velia, 300-280 BC 205 viewsDidrachm, 7.51 g

O - Head of Athena to right, wearing Attic helmet adorned with a wing.
R - ΥΕΛΗΤΩΝ /Φ Ι / Π Lion walking to right; above, ear of wheat.

HN III 1309. Williams 470-489.

Ex Rauch 86, 2 May 2010, Lot 103
Ex Nomos, Auction 5, Lot 107, 25 October 2011
3 commentsrobertpe10/25/14 at 13:07Pharsalos: Very freshly struck, lovely golden toning.
GREEK, Corinthia, Corinth AR Stater 269 views(350-300 BC)
Obv.: Pegasos flying left.
Rev.: Head of Athena wearing wreathed Corinthian helmet; A-P below, eagle behind.
Ravel 1008c.
2 commentsMinos10/25/14 at 13:04Pharsalos: Lovely coin
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 499, Ticinum, SALVS AVG, Bust-H, V/*//TXXI, Salus standing right,112 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 499, Ticinum, SALVS AVG, Bust-H, V/*//TXXI, Salus standing right,
avers:- IMP-C-PROBVS-AVG, Bust of Probus left, radiate, wearing imperial mantle and holding eagle-tipped sceptre. (H)
revers:- SALVS-PVBLIC, Salus standing right, feeding serpent in arms.
exerg: V/*//TXXI, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 3,27g, axes: 0h,
mint: Ticinum, 10th. emission, date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-499, p-71,
This coin is part of the EQVITI series ("V") of Ticinum.
1 commentsquadrans10/24/14 at 22:26Pharsalos: Beautiful details on obverse.
038a Faustina (II) Filia (128-175 A.D.), RIC III 1405b (Ant.Pius), Rome, AE-Dupondius, No legend, S-C, Diana, Scarce!, #276 views038a Faustina (II) Filia (128-175 A.D.), RIC III 1405b (Ant.Pius), Rome, AE-Dupondius, No legend, S-C, Diana, Scarce!, #2
"Daughter of Antoninus Pius and Faustina Sr. and wife of Marcus Aurelius. She was also the mother of Commodus and Lucilla, wife of Lucius Verus."
avers:- FAVSTINA-AVG-P-II-AVG-FIL, Draped bust right, with hair waved and coiled on back of head, band of pearls and necklace.
revers: No legend - Diana standing left, holding arrow and resting hand on bow, S-C across the field.
exerg: S/C//--, diameter: 25-26mm, weight: 13,01g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 145-146 A.D., ref: RIC-III-1405b (Antoninus Pius), p-194, C-207,209,
2 commentsquadrans10/24/14 at 22:23Pharsalos: Beautiful coin, I love the open fields and unusual...
ROMAN EMPIRE, VESPASIAN, AR Denarius.19 viewsRIC 90 / RIC2 7721 commentsNumis-Student10/24/14 at 10:52Pharsalos: pretty coin!
Vespasian Denarius, Pax32 viewsAR Denarius
Vespasian, 69-79 CE
Diameter: 20mm, Weight: 3.37 grams, Die axis: 7h

Laureate head to right.

Pax seated on throne to left, holding branch.

Mint: Rome

- This coin can be dated to 75 AD, the year Vespasian held the 6th Consulship.
- Denarii minted under the reign of Vespasian had a target weight of 3.4 grams and an average silver content of 91%.

Ex Rudnik Numismatics, 2005
2 commentsPharsalos10/24/14 at 08:47Pharsalos: Thank you!
Trajan AR Denarius, Mars advancing right RIC 33781 viewsTrajan Denarius. IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC, laureate draped bust right / P M TR P COS VI P P SPQR, Mars advancing right carrying spear & trophy. RIC 337, RSC 270.1 commentsmattpat10/22/14 at 11:40Pharsalos: What a beautiful portrait!
Orontas. Circa 357-352 B.C. Silver diobol; Athena/ forepart of Pegasos23 viewsPersian Empire, Satraps of Mysia, Orontas. Circa 357-352 B.C. Silver diobol, SNG Kayhan 71 var (tetrobol, Pegasos right); SNG France (Lampsakos, Pegasos right) 1210; SNG Cop -, VF, weight 1.324g, maximum diameter 10.9mm, die axis 0o, obverse helmeted head of Athena right; reverse [OPONTA], forepart of Pegasos left; rare; Ex FORVM3 commentsPodiceps10/22/14 at 11:28Pharsalos: Beautiful coin, lovely clean surfaces.
Diobol from Leukas, Akarnania.30 viewsLeukas, Akarnania.
Diobol. Ca. 400 - 375.
Obv.: Protome of Pegasus with raised wings flying left., below Delta.
Rev.: Head of Aphrodite(?) left.
About very fine. Little roughness.
dies axis 45°.
BMC Corinth 135,119 (same dies).
Ex BCD collection.
Very rare.
This is one of my new favourite coins, a real small beauty. And my first one with a pedigree, although that is not saying much.
1 commentshelcaraxe10/22/14 at 11:25Pharsalos: Yes very beautiful coin, love the authentic patina...
Denar, RIC 3, p.093, 497 - Faustina II, Spes 38 viewsFaustina II
AR-Denar, Rome mint
Obv.: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, Draped bust right
Rev.: AVGVSTI P II FIL, Spes standing facing, head left, holding flower and raising skirt.
Ag, 3.44g, 16.8mm
Ref.: RIC 497, CRE 217 [S]
1 commentsshanxi10/22/14 at 11:20Pharsalos: Interesting portrait, your women of Rome collectio...
Cr. 489/5, Fulvia, Lion, Quinarius60 viewsFulvia (83 BC – 40 BC)
Powerful aristocratic woman, wife of Publius Clodius Pulcher (62-52 BC), Gaius Scribonius Curio (52-51 BC) and Marcus Antonius (47-40 BC).
AR Quinarius, Late 43-42 BC
Obv.: Winged bust of Fulvia as Victory
Rev.: [LVGV] DVNI [A] XL, Lion advancing right
Ag, 1.66g, 13.2mm
Ref.: Craw. 489/5, RPC 512, Syd. 1160
3 commentsshanxi10/22/14 at 11:16Pharsalos: Beautiful.
Carthage, Tanit, Horse43 viewsCarthage
1/2 Shekel, 3rd-2nd century BC
Obv: Head of Tanit left, crowned with ears of corn.
Rev.: Horse standing right, head turned left, foreleg raised, linear circle.
Billon, 5.37g, 23.3mm
Ref.: Sear 6497, SNG Cop. 396
Ex Pecunem 10, Lot 263
1 commentsshanxi10/22/14 at 11:14Pharsalos: Lovely coin, beautiful Tanit. I think the silver q...
Calabria - Tarentum46 viewsCalabria - Tarentum
Obv.: Helmeted head of Athena left
Rev.: Heracles strangling Nemean lion
Ag, 1.20g, 12.1mm
Ref.: Pausanias V, 25, 8
4 commentsshanxi10/22/14 at 11:11Pharsalos: Very beautiful coin!
GREEK29 viewsAR obol. Argos. (Argolis).260-250 BC. 0,78 grs. Head of wolf left. Θ above / Large A. Δ-E across upper field, thunderbolt below. All within incuse square.
BCD Peloponnesos 1107. BMC 90.
Ex Spink.
1 commentsbenito10/22/14 at 11:08Pharsalos: Very beautiful!
051 - Marcus Aurelius, AE Dupondius - RIC 99329 viewsObv:– IMP M ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXV, Radiate head right
Rev:– COS III / S - C, Mars walking right, carrying spear & trophy
Minted in Rome mint. A.D. 170-171
Reference:– RIC 993.
1 commentsmaridvnvm10/22/14 at 11:00Pharsalos: Lovely coin, I like the dark patina.
Taras, Calabria120 views281-235 BC
AR Litra (Obol?) (9mm, 0.52g)
O: Scallop shell with nine teeth.
R: Taras astride dolphin left, holding cornucopia in right hand and palm branch in left; AP monogram in field to right.
Very Scarce
Vlasto 1602; Cote 387v

While Pausanias tells us that the eponymous hero of Taras was the son of Poseidon, a new theory has been posited by Anton Boras, based on evidence from excavations north of Athens, which claims that Taras was in fact the son of Leonidas of Sparta and the goddess Gaia.
I am certainly interested in hearing anything further from these digs.
4 commentsEnodia10/21/14 at 11:39Pharsalos: Your fractional collection is amazing, so many bea...
Attica, Athens Wappenmunzen34 viewsAttica, Athens
"Wappenmünzen" AR obol
~550-525 B.C.

O: Wheel with four spokes

R: Incuse square divided by two diagonals

Sear 1831

EF, rare
1 commentsSosius10/21/14 at 11:27Pharsalos: Great rare obol, love the deep patina.
23 viewsBOEOTIA, Pharai. 4th century BC. AR Obol (0.85 g). Boeotian shield / Amphora; wheat ear to left; all within concave circle. BCD Boiotia 236. Near VF, toned, light roughness.

From the BCD Collection.
1 commentsareich10/21/14 at 11:22Pharsalos: Wow, that's a rare coin and very beautiful.
Trajan RIC 162; Woytek 218c66 viewsTrajan 98-117 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. c. 103-7 A.D. (3.29 g) Obv: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PM TRP COS V PP, Bust laureate right, fold of aegis on front shoulder and behind neck. Rev: SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Mars standing left, head right, holding spear and shield that rest on ground.

Ex: Frank Robinson auction

Woytek 281c; RIC 162; RSC 378a
2 commentsPaddy10/20/14 at 11:39Pharsalos: Great portrait and detailed reverse, love the bear...
THESPIAI. Obol, Shield/ crescent moon18 viewsBOEOTIA: THESPIAI. c. 431-424 B.C. Silver Obol. 11mm, 0.7g. Boeotian shield / crescent moon. SNG Cop. 401-402. Ex areich, photo credit areich1 commentsPodiceps10/20/14 at 11:34Pharsalos: Lovely, I like the authentic patina.
Akragas, Sicily124 views213-211 BC (Punic Occupation)
AR 1/4 Shekel (14mm, 2.11g)
O: Head of Triptolemus right, wreathed in corn.
R: Horse galloping right; Punic letters 'ht' below.
SNG Cop 379; HGC 2, 174; Burnett, Enna 151; de Luynes 3965; Weber 8540; Walker Group II, 1st Series
ex Tom Cederlind

One of the leading centers of Greek influence in the west during the 6th and 5th centuries BC, Akragas was sacked by Carthage in 406. Conquered by Rome in 262 and retaken by Carthgage 8 years later, the city never again regained its' former status. Akragas suffered greatly during the Second Punic War (218-201), with this coin being struck just before the city fell to Rome once again in 210.
Although renamed Agrigentum, its' culture remained essentially Greek for another few hundred years until Rome granted the inhabitants citizenship after Julius Caesar's death in 44 BC.

This coin was struck on the Carthaginian standard and of debased silver.
3 commentsEnodia10/20/14 at 11:27Pharsalos: Wow, fantastic preservation of Punic script.
Taras, Calabria115 views473-430 BC
AR ¼ Litra (7mm, 0.19g)
O: T with three pellets around.
R: T with three pellets around.
Vlasto 1191; Cote 182; McGill II, 147; HN Italy 853
Very scarce
ex Sam Sloat Coins

This tiny coin is part of a group of five or so very unusual fractions minted at Taras.
While not very sexy, it is quite scarce and a vital part of any Tarentine collection, and I'm extremely happy to have found it.
6 commentsEnodia10/20/14 at 11:24Pharsalos: Beautiful rare coin!
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