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Home > Members' Coin Collection Galleries > David Atherton > Imperial Coinage of Titus

titus as caesar nep red.jpg
Titus as Caesar RIC 366 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 3.40g
Rome Mint, 72-73 AD
Obv: T CAES IMP VESP PON TR POT; Titus, bearded, laureate, r.
Rev: NEP RED; Neptune stg l., r. foot on globe, with acrostolium and sceptre
RIC 366 (C). BMC 80. RSC 121. BNC 68.
Acquired from Tom Cederlind, February 2008.

A reverse type that commemorates Titus' return to Rome after his completion of the Jewish War. Neptune, the god of waters, would be an appropriate deity to give thanks to after a safe sea voyage.

This coin is rated as common in RIC, but it's not often seen in trade.
David Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 369 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 3.13g
Rome Mint, 72-73 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: T CAES IMP VESP PON TR POT; Head of Titus, bearded, laureate, r.
Rev: No legend. Jewess (as type of Judaea), draped, veiled, seated r. under palm-tree, in attitude of dejection, knees drawn up, head resting on l. hand, l. arm propped on knee; behind palm, prince in military dress, standing r., r. foot on helmet, holding vertical spear in r. hand and parazonium in l.
RIC 369 (R2). BMC 85. RSC 392var. BNC -. Hendin 1482.
EX CNG E42, 12 November 2001, lot 64980.

This Judaea Capta type commemorates the end of the Jewish War and was struck in both Antioch and Rome. Here we have the much scarcer Rome mint example issued for Titus Caesar.

A pleasing portrait with a well worn reverse. The scarcity of the piece makes up for the state of preservation.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 371 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 3.20g
Rome Mint, 72-73AD
Obv: T CAES IMP VESP PON TR POT; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: No Legend; Titus stg. r. with branch and sceptre, in quadriga r.
RIC 371 (R2). BMC p.15. RSC 394. BNC -. Hendin 1483.
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

Part of an issue that celebrates the Jewish War victory showing Titus in a Triumphal quadriga, much as he would've appeared during the joint Triumph he held with his father Vespasian in 71 AD. The type was issued both in Rome and more commonly in Antioch.

I have looked for this Rome mint issue of the type for many years and had no luck. Recently Harry Sneh offered this example to me, naturally, I couldn't resist. The coin is worn but most of the major devices are intact and the portrait is a wonderful example of the young Prince.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 421 [Vespasian]Æ Sestertius, 26.63g
Rome mint, 72 AD
Obv: T CAES VESPASIAN IMP PON TR POT COS II; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: FORTVNAE REDVCI; S C in field; Fortuna stg. l., with branch and rudder on globe, and cornucopiae
RIC 421 (R). BMC 630. BNC 617.
Acquired from Liberty Coin, December 2020.

An early sestertius struck for Titus Caesar featuring a reverse type also coined for Vespasian. FORTVNAE REDVCI (Fortuna the home-bringer) commemorates Titus's safe return from the Judaean War the previous year. Considered somewhat scarce. RIC notes that Fortuna's branch is often invisible - although it is quite evident on this example.

Worn but honest and in good early style.
4 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 422 [Vespasian]Æ Sestertius, 24.15g
Rome mint, 72 AD
Obv: T CAES VESPASIAN IMP PON TR POT COS II; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IVDAEA CAPTA; S C in exergue; Palm tree; to l., Titus stg. r. with spear and parazonium, foot on helmet; to r., Judaea std. r.
RIC 422 (R). BMC 631. BNC 618. Hendin 1523.
Acquired from Marti Classical Numismatics, October 2020.

Vespasian and Titus Caesar held a joint triumph in 71 for their Jewish War victory, but it wasn't until the following year that Judaea Capta coins were struck for Titus commemorating his own military achievement during the siege of Jerusalem. The reverse of this rare sestertius first struck for Titus in 72 directly copies one famously coined for Vespasian the previous year. This iconic type features a triumphal Titus proudly standing, holding a spear and parazonium (a triangular sword) with his foot on an enemy helmet, while the personification of Judaea sits at the base of a palm tree (representing the land of Judaea) in abject despair - take note of their size discrepancy.

Some pitting and wear but struck in fine style.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 423 [Vespasian]Æ Sestertius, 23.43g
Rome mint, 72 AD
Obv: T CAES VESPASIAN IMP PON TR POT COS II; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PAX AVGVSTI; S C in field; Pax stg. l., with branch and cornucopiae
RIC 423 (C). BMC 633. BNC 619.
Ex Holding History, eBay, 16 March 2019.

After the recent Civil War and Jewish and Batavian rebellions this common Pax reverse type from 72 had special propaganda value for the new Flavian regime: peace and prosperity. It would be one of the more popular themes of Vespasian's coinage. Unsurprisingly, this Pax type is shared with Vespasian.

Worn, but in fine style with a nice dark chocolate patina.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 427 [Vespasian]Æ Sestertius, 28.15g
Rome mint, 72 AD
Obv: T CAES VESPASIAN IMP PON TR POT COS II; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: S C in field; Mars adv. r., with spear and trophy
RIC 427 (C). BMC -. BNC 621.
Acquired from Incitatus Coins, April 2021.

Mars advancing right is one of the more common types struck for Titus Caesar's second bronze issue at Rome. Like many of his reverses, this Mars type is shared with Vespasian. It also shows up on the contemporaneous denarii. H. Mattingly in BMCRE II states the Mars with spear and trophy "was perhaps traditionally regarded as 'Mars Pater' - the ancestor of the Roman nation." Oddly enough, this type for Titus Caesar is missing from the BM's extensive collection.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 431 [Vespasian]Æ Sestertius, 25.13g
Rome mint, 72 AD
Obv: T CAES VESPASIAN IMP PON TR POT COS II; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: S C in exergue; Titus stg. r., with branch and sceptre, in quadriga r.
RIC 431 (R). BMC 636. BNC 625. Hendin 1525.
Acquired from Wallinmynt, February 2019.

In 71 AD Vespasian and Titus held a double triumph celebrating their victory in the recently concluded Judaean War. The spectacular triumph was held a few days after Titus' arrival from the East in June and could be viewed as his effective homecoming party. Mary Beard has shrewdly observed that the triumph served as 'the Flavian coronation, the official launch party and press night of the Flavian dynasty.' It was the first time after Vespasian's rise to the purple that the whole family could be seen together by the Roman populace. Vespasian and Titus were identically dressed riding in matching quadrigas while Domitian trotted alongside on a splendid mount. The procession included massive towering floats depicting various 'battles' (one wonders how the makeshift naval battle on the Sea of Galilee was rendered?) that were so enormous many onlookers feared they would topple over. Booty from the destroyed Temple (the famous Menorah for one) along with other Eastern flavoured treasures were on display. Much of these treasures were likely manufactured in Rome for the event - a lavish sham in other words. The war ravaged region really didn't have much to offer in the way of razzmatazz show pieces, even the Temple's coffers were likely depleted by war's end. Despite all this, it cannot be underestimated how important this manufactured spectacle was for the young dynasty. The legitimacy and prestige the triumph provided to the family was worth every propaganda penny the regime spent on it, allowing Vespasian to announce to the world that Titus was his chosen heir. By showcasing his eldest son on an equal footing in the procession, it left little doubt who would succeed after his death. Coins were struck in all metals to commemorate the event. Here is a rare sestertius struck for Titus Caesar in 72 showing him in triumphal dress riding in a triumphal quadriga, the type is more commonly seen in silver from Antioch. The same reverse was identically struck for Vespasian, clear numismatic evidence of Vespasian's intentions for his son. The piece itself serves as a superb memento of the 'Greatest Show on Earth' triumph put on by the Flavian regime in the late First century.

The fine style portrait on the obverse is quite impressive, unmarred by three punch marks from antiquity.
3 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 433 [Vespasian]Æ Sestertius, 23.97g
Rome mint, 72 AD
Obv: T CAES VESPASIAN IMP PON TR POT COS II; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: VICTORIA AVGVSTI; S C in field; Victory stg. r., l. foot on helmet, inscribing VIC AVG on shield on palm tree
RIC 433 (R). BMC 637. BNC 624. Hendin 1526.
Acquired from Praefectus Coins, May 2021.

This iconic sestertius struck in 72 at Rome from Titus's second bronze issue commemorates his recent Judaean War victory. The iconography on the reverse is quite explicit. Victory, nude from the waist up, is inscribing a shield attached to the trunk of a palm tree, the palm being a topographical symbol for the land of Judaea. There is no mistaking this for anything other than a Judaea Capta commemorative. The type was also appropriately struck for Vespasian.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 444 [Vespasian]Æ As, 10.20g
Rome mint, 72 AD
Obv: T CAES VESPASIAN IMP P TR P COS II; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: FIDES PVBLICA; S C below; Hands clasped over caduceus and corn ears
RIC 444 (R). BMC 642. BNC 632.
Acquired from Gert Boersema, April 2019.

The clasped hands type had been introduced during Vespasian's great bronze issues of 71. It perhaps symbolises good faith in the corn supply (corn ears), trade (caduceus), and agricultural abundance. From the moment coins were issued in Titus Caesar's name in 72 he shared many of the reverses struck for his father, such as this clasped hands type. It must have contained a very important message for the regime since it was also produced in silver.

A fine early style portrait of the young prince with a dark greenish-grey patina.
7 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 448 [Vespasian]Æ As, 9.94g
Rome mint, 72 AD
Obv: T CAES VESPASIAN IMP P TR P COS II; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PROVIDENT in exergue; S C in field; Altar
RIC 448 (R). BMC 692A. BNC 634.
Acquired from Incitatus Coins, November 2020.

Originally, Tiberius struck the Provident altar type for Divus Augustus. The altar depicted is dedicated to Providentia, the personification of the emperor's divine providence. Although the type is commonly described as an altar, Marvin Tameanko has convincingly argued it is actually a sacellum, or small shrine. Vespasian began striking it early in his reign both at Rome and Lyon, confining the type to the as issues. Nathan T. Elkins in his Monuments in Miniature wrote the following concerning the type - 'Asses with an altar enclosure labeled PROVIDENT, combine with obverses of Vespasian or his sons, are the emperor's most common architectural type and were produced from c. 71 to 78. The Ara Providentiae, which had appeared before on coins of Tiberius, Galba, and Vitellius, celebrated the emperor's foresight in the designation of his successors. The combination of the reverse type with obverses of one of the two Caesars further underscored the dynastic message.' This rare PROVIDENT from 72 is the first instance of the type struck for Titus Caesar.

Oddly, the coin has a 12 o'clock die axis, unusual for Rome at this time.
3 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 449 [Vespasian]Æ As, 10.92g
Rome mint, 72 AD
Obv: T CAES VESPASIAN IMP P TR P COS II; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: S C in field; Aquila between two standards
RIC 449 (R). BMC 644. BNC 635.
Acquired from Praefectus Coins, April 2019. Ex Savoca Silver 30, 27 January 2019, lot 337.

The aquila between two standards type was struck early in Vespasian's reign to honour the loyalty of the legions, seen here on the reverse of this rare Titus as Caesar As. The aquila, which featured an eagle clutching a thunderbolt, was the most important standard of any legion. With the recent successful completion of the Civil War and Jewish rebellion Vespasian and Titus knew which side their bread was buttered on! The type was later revived under Titus and Domitian for their cistophori.

Solid portrait with a fetching dark patina.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 517 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 3.10g
Rome mint, 73 AD
Obv: T CAES IMP VESP CEN; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: SALVS AVG; Salus std. l., with patera
RIC 517 (R). BMC -. RSC -. BNC -.
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

An early rare denarius of Titus as Caesar struck in 73 AD. Titus shared the Salus type with Vespasian for whom it was produced in much larger quantities. This was the norm, the two often shared reverse types to clearly demonstrate that Titus was indeed Vespasian's successor, although the types are much rarer for Titus, as is this case with the present coin. Why Salus was chosen for a type in 73 remains a mystery; perhaps a reference to the emperor recovering from an illness or for escaping an assassination plot.

RIC only cites the Hunterian Museum, which is odd considering it is given a 'rare' rating. I've only seen this one in trade. IMHO it is just as rare as the RIC V518 salus (CENS) I have with a frequency rating of R2.

A humble portrait with fairly clear legends on a nicely toned flan.
3 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 518 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 2.56g
Rome mint, 73 AD
Obv: T CAES IMP VESP CENS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: SALVS AVG; Salus std. l., with patera
RIC 518 (R2). BMC -. RSC -. BNC -.
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

The coin was minted in 73 AD when Titus shared the censorship with Vespasian, as evidenced by the CENS in the obverse legend. The reverse features Salus, which might be an allusion to the emperor Vespasian's health. The reverse type is rare for Titus and extremely rare with the obverse legend ending in CENS. Unlisted in the major catalogs until the new Flavian RIC II was published, it cites 2 examples - one in Vienna, the other in the Walter Holt collection.

A decent coin in good metal featuring an excellent early portrait.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 528 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 3.12g
Rome Mint, 73 AD
Obv: T CAES IMP VESP PON TR POT CENS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: FIDES PVBL; Hands clasped over caduceus, two poppies and two corn-ears
RIC 528 (R). BMC 91a. RSC 87b. BNC -.
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

This Fides type was issued under Vespasian in 73 AD and possibly is a reference to the grain supply. A very rare coin, this type is one I have not seen in trade. Harry Sneh said he has only seen two for sale ... this example he sold to me and his own specimen. The RIC plate coin would be a third we both know of. The BMCRE cites a specimen from the March 6, 1925 Recamier sale (p. 17).

A large flan and classic portrait makes for a coin with excellent eye appeal.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 528A [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 3.36g
Rome mint, 73 AD
Obv: T CAES IMP VESP PON TR POT CENS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: NEP RED; Neptune stg. l., r. foot on globe, with acrostolium and sceptre
RIC 528A. BMC -. RSC -. BNC -.
Ex Gemini X, 13 January 2013, Harry N. Sneh Collection, lot 637. Ex Gorny & Mosch 122, 10 March 2003, lot 2043 = 113, 18 October 2001, lot 5729.

An unpublished Neptune type with CENS in the obverse legend. The coin will be 528A (under Vespasian) in the RIC II Addenda. It fits nicely alongside my unpublished V529A Salus from the same series. I think there are still a few other unknown types that will surface for this series - this Neptune reverse for the corresponding Vespasian issue is one that so far is awaiting discovery.

A beautiful denarius in hand with an amazing early portrait. The other two denarii I have from this series also have exemplary portraits. An issue style wise to take note of then.
4 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 529A [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 3.48g
Rome mint, 73 AD
Obv: T CAES IMP VESP PON TR POT CENS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: SALVS AVG; Salus std., l., with patera
RIC 529A (R3). BMC -. RSC -. BNC -.
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection. Ex Dr. Busso Peus Nachfolger, Auction 404, 2 November 2011, lot 2570.

This Titus as Caesar denarius with the Salus reverse type coupled with the obverse legend on the present coin is unlisted in all the major references, including the new RIC II. The coin comes from a series minted in 73 AD in which the Salus type was known for Vespasian but not for Titus until this present denarius surfaced. Ian Carradice has given this new type the number 529A (under Vespasian) in the RIC II Addenda. Also, this coin is an obverse die match for the RIC V531 plate coin.

What to my eyes makes this COTD worthy is not the rarity but the bold portrait which was described by the eminent Flavian collector Harry Sneh as 'striking'. I tend to agree. The reverse is weakly struck (worn die?) but well centered.

Struck on a huge flan and weighing 3.48g. This coin is a true beauty in hand.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 532 [Vespasian]AR Quinarius, 1.40g
Rome mint, 73 AD
Obv: T CAES IMP VESP P TR P CENS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: VICTORIA AVGVST; Victory adv. r., with wreath and palm
RIC 532 (R3). BMC -. RSC -. BNC -.
Acquired from GB Collection, June 2016.

An extremely rare quinarius struck for Titus Caesar in 73, the year of his joint censorship with Vespasian. What makes this coin notable is the spelling of 'AVGVST' in the reverse legend. The more common quinarii from the issue spell it 'AVGVSTI', although they too are rare. Apparently this is the second known specimen, the other is cited in the new RIC II and is held by the Museo Nazionale Romano in Rome.

For a quinarius, this is in fairly good condition. Well centred with an agreeable portrait.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 535 [Vespasian]AR Quinarius, 1.60g
Rome mint, 73 AD
Obv: T CAES IMP VESP P TR P CENS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: VICTORIA AVGVSTI; Victory adv. r., with wreath and palm
RIC 535 (R). BMC 92. RSC 374. BNC 79.
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection, acquired from Tom Cederlind. Ex Baldwin's Auction 42, 26 September 2005, lot 288 (part). Ex William C. Boyd Collection, acquired from W.S. Lincoln, February 1896.

This fairly rare Titus as Caesar quinarius from 73 AD is my first quinarius, so I was quite thrilled to receive it.

Not only is the coin rare, but it has an interesting provenance. It came with a tag from the 19th century William C. Boyd (1840-1906) collection. As the tag indicates, he purchased the coin from W.S. Lincoln of Oxford St. in London. Roman history combined with a Victorian era numismatic souvenir, what more can you ask for?

In regards to the denomination itself, I'm not quite sure why quinarii were minted in the imperial era. Were they minted to make up required sums for imperial donatives as A Dictionary of Ancient Roman Coins states, or were they minted as presentation pieces to be given away at special occasions?
2 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 553 Mule [Vespasian]AR, Denarius, 3.25g
Rome mint, 73 AD
Obv: T CAES IMP - VESP CEN; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PONTIF MAXIM; Vespasian std. r. on curule chair, with sceptre and branch
RIC 553 (R). BMC 112. RSC 158. BNC -.

This denarius of Titus as Caesar is quite interesting because of the reverse legend, PONTIF MAXIM, obviously inappropriate for Titus in 73 AD! However this mule was minted in such quantities as to be assigned it's own catalog number in the major references. The type was also issued with obverse legend ending in CENS.

The portrait is very pleasing as well.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 554 Mule [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 3.08g
Rome Mint, 73 AD
Obv: T CAES IMP VESP CENS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PONTIF MAXIM; Vespasian std. r. on curule chair, with sceptre and branch
RIC 554 (R). BMC 113. RSC 158. BNC 97.
Ex Lanz, eBay, 6 October 2008.

This rare denarius of 73 AD issued by Titus as Caesar, is a mule featuring a reverse intended for Vespasian. The reverse legend PONTIF MAXIM is the title of the chief priest, a position held only by the emperor.

A coin featuring a sturdy portrait of the young prince with his father as supreme priest on the reverse, a perfect mule.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 556 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 2.57g
Rome Mint, 73 AD
Obv: T CAES IMP VESP CENS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PONTIF TRI POT; Titus std. r. on curule chair, with sceptre and branch
RIC 556 (C). BMC 116. RSC 169. BNC -.
Acquired from CGB, May 2016.

A reverse type which copies the famous 'Tribute Penny' reverse of Tiberius, but instead of a female figure we see Titus seated. The type was correspondingly struck for Vespasian which resulted in many rare mules. This denarius actually has the correct legends for Titus Caesar. Unusually for Rome it has a twelve o'clock die axis.

A nice early portrait struck on a large flan.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 615 [Vespasian]Æ Dupondius, 9.66g
Rome mint, 73 AD
Obv: T CAESAR IMP COS II CENS; Head of Titus, radiate, bearded, r.
Rev: FELICITAS PVBLICA; S C in field; Felicitas stg. l., with caduceus and cornucopiae
RIC 615 (R). BMC -. BNC 674.
Acquired from eBay, October 2019. Formerly in NGC holder 5767629-014, with grade 'VF'.

A rare variant of the common Felicitas reverse with a unique obverse legend struck for this one type in this one issue. A die pair match with the BNC plate coin. Missing from the BM's extensive collection.

Felicitas symbolising prosperity and abundance was one of the more common types struck during Vespasian's reign, often shared with Titus Caesar.

Strong early style portrait.
3 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 621 [Vespasian]Æ As, 10.35g
Rome mint, 73 AD
Obv: T CAES IMP PON TR P COS II CENS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: AEQVITAS AVGVST; S C in field; Aequitas stg. l., with scales and rod
RIC 621 (R). BMC -. BNC 681.
Acquired from CGB.fr, July 2021.

Aequitas holding her scales and measuring rod was probably based on a cult image of the deity. She first shows up as an imperial virtue on the coinage under Galba. Not a common type for Titus Caesar. Missing from the BM collection.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 627 [Vespasian]Æ As, 10.28g
Rome mint, 73 AD
Obv: T CAES IMP PON TR P COS II CENS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PAX AVGVST; S C in field; Pax stg. l., leaning on column, with caduceus and branch
RIC 627 (R). BMC p. 153 note. BNC 682.
Acquired from Olding, MA Shops, May 2019 = Olding, List 96, March 2019, Sammlung Fritz Reusing, no. 164. From the collection of Fritz Reusing (1874-1956), acquired from O. Helbing of Munich, 1929; inherited and continued by Reusing's nephew Paul Schürer (1890-1976).

Pax in various guises and types was struck repeatedly throughout Vespasian's reign for both himself and Titus Caesar. This variant with Pax leaning on a column was a perennial favourite. Pax's popularity on the coinage can perhaps be explained by Vespasian's construction of the Temple of Peace which was completed in 75.

Nice old cabinet toning.
4 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 635 [Vespasian]Æ As, 10.08g
Rome mint, 73 AD
Obv: T CAES IMP PON TR P COS II CENS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: S C in exergue; Titus stg. r., with branch and sceptre, in quadriga r.
RIC 635 (R). BMC -. BNC 688.
Acquired from Marc Breitsprecher, September 2019.

In 71 AD Vespasian and Titus held a double triumph celebrating their victory in the recently concluded Judaean War. The spectacular triumph was held a few days after Titus' arrival from the East in June and could be viewed as his effective homecoming party. Mary Beard has shrewdly observed that the triumph served as 'the Flavian coronation, the official launch party and press night of the Flavian dynasty.' It was the first time after Vespasian's rise to the purple that the whole family could be seen together by the Roman populace. Vespasian and Titus were identically dressed riding in matching quadrigas while Domitian trotted alongside on a splendid mount. By showcasing his eldest son on an equal footing in the procession, it left little doubt who would succeed after his death. Coins were struck in all metals to commemorate the event. Here is a rare As with a reverse depicting Titus Caesar in a triumphal quadriga, a clear commemoration of the joint triumph. Oddly, this type is more commonly seen in silver from Antioch. The piece serves as a superb memento of the 'Greatest Show on Earth' triumph put on by the Flavian regime in the late First century.

Not in the BM. RIC cites only a specimen in the Paris collection (BNC 688), a double die match with this coin as pointed out by C. Clay.

Worn, but the major devices are still quite visible.
3 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 641 [Vespasian]Æ As, 9.90g
Rome mint, 73 AD
Obv: T CAES IMP PON TR P COS II CENS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: VICTORIA AVGVSTI; S C in field; Victory stg. r. on prow, with wreath and palm
RIC 641 (R). BMC 675. BNC 690.
Acquired from CGB.fr, August 2020.

A generic Victory on prow type struck when Titus held the joint censorship with Vespasian which is advertised in the obverse legend. This Victory type would be repeatedly struck throughout Vespasian's reign for both father and son with the prow possibly alluding to 'Victory at sea'. Some collectors and dealers refer to this as a 'Judaea Capta' type, although there is not an explicit connection. This variant is rated 'rare' by the new RIC II.1.

Good portrait with off-centred reverse.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 644 [Vespasian]Æ As, 10.31g
Rome mint, 73 AD
Obv: T CAES IMP PON TR P COS II CENS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: VICTORIA NAVALIS; S C in field; Victory stg. r. on prow, with wreath and palm
RIC 644 (R). BMC 677. BNC 691.
Acquired from Praefetus Coins, July 2019.

A fairly scarce variant of the Victoria Navalis type, struck in 73 when Titus held the joint censorship with Vespasian. The type would be repeatedly struck throughout Vespasian's reign for both father and son, perhaps indicating how important it was to their military gravitas. Traditionally, it has been attributed to the naval victory Vespasian and Titus won on Lake Gennesaret (the Sea of Galilee) during the Jewish War. By any definition it is a most bizarre 'naval' battle indeed. Near the close of the Galilean campaign, Vespasian and Titus marched to Lake Gennesaret in order to secure the cities along its coastline. Tiberias fell without much resistance, but the neighbouring city of Taricheae was a tougher nut to crack. Home to many of the Jewish rebels who had fled Tiberias, they put up a small fight on the plain outside the city and were quickly defeated by Titus' troops who then stormed the city and began slaughtering the inhabitants. Many of the rebels took flight to waiting boats they had previously commandeered on the lake. These were likely local fishing or ferry vessels not intended for use in war. Vespasian ordered the legionaries to construct large rafts in order to pursue the rebel's makeshift flotilla. With the coastline guarded by Roman horsemen the legionaries launched their rafts and sailed out in a large line toward the enemy. The Jewish boats were no match for the heavily armoured Roman rafts. The legionaries easily picked off the Jewish rebels who had no means of escape. The slaughter was intense, so much so that Josephus claims 6,500 Jews were killed. Several years later during Vespasian and Titus' Jewish War Triumph in Rome, ships were displayed to commemorate the battle. Were the Victoria Navalis coins struck with the same event in mind? As unlikely as it seems, the impromptu 'naval' battle at Lake Gennesaret is the best candidate for Vespasian striking this Actium-lite reverse type. The connection to Augustus would not have been lost on his contemporaries. Flavian propaganda at its most exaggerated.

Dark golden brown patina with a fine reverse.

3 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 690 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 2.71g
Rome mint, 74 AD
Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESP; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: COS III across field; Laurel trees, two upright
RIC 690 (R2). BMC p. 28 note. RSC 47. BNC 122.
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

A rare denarius which is somewhat rare for Vespasian and extremely rare for Titus. The reverse is a restoration of of a similar type minted by Augustus. The two laurel trees represent the two planted at Augustus' door.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 692 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 3.19g
Rome Mint, 74 AD
Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESP; Head of Titus, bearded, laureate, r.
Rev: PONTIF TR P COS III; Titus std. r. on curule chair, with sceptre and branch
RIC 692 (R). BMC -. RSC 161a. BNC -.
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

This reverse type was shared with Vespasian. Note the reverse legend is PONTIF lacking MAXIM, which was reserved for the emperor alone; however, a hybrid of the type is known (see my RIC V554).

A snarling Titus is shown here. Good metal.

David Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 693 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 3.23g
Rome mint, 74 AD
Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESP; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PONTIF TR P COS III; Caduceus, winged
RIC 693 (R). BMC 152. RSC 159. BNC 125.
Acquired from Imperial Coins, June 2011.

Worn but decent example of a rare early denarius of Titus. The major devices are clear and the portrait isn't too shabby. Better in hand of course.
David Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 694 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 3.57g
Rome Mint, 74 AD
Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESP; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PONTIF TR POT; Winged caduceus, upright
RIC 694 (R2). BMC p. 29, *. RSC 167. BNC 130.
Acquired from A. G. & S. Gillis, April 2007.

A reverse type Titus Caesar shared with Vespasian. The caduceus symbolises commercial prosperity and may be associated with the censorship. (BMCRE p. xxxvii)

Not in the BM's collection, but noted in the catalog. A fairly rare variant of the type. Good metal, wonderful early portrait, and in good condition (Titus' beard is visible).
1 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 695 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 3.16g
Rome Mint, 74 AD
Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESP; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PONTIF TR POT; Titus std. r. on curule chair, with sceptre and branch
RIC 695 (R3, this coin). BMC -. RSC -. BNC -.
Ex Andrew Short Collection, acquired from Forvm Ancient Coins, January 2020. Ex Stack's Bowers Galleries NYINC Auction, 11-12 January 2019, Lot 41066 (part).

An extremely rare Titus Caesar denarius struck in 74. Frequency rating of R3 (unique) in RIC, although since its publication another specimen has surfaced (Pegasi 152, lot 335). The reverse, shared with Vespasian, echos the famous Tribute Penny of Tiberius. Why is it so fabulously rare? The uncommon obverse legend combined with this particular reverse legend and type creates a variant that apparently was fleetingly struck. The numismatic equivalent of the planets aligning just right. This is the RIC plate coin (BM file).
4 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 705 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 3.29g
Rome Mint, 74 AD
Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESPASIAN; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PONTIF TR P COS III; Titus std. r. on curule chair, with sceptre and branch
RIC 705 (R). BMC 150. RSC 161. BNC 123.
Acquired from Roma Numismatics, January 2009.

This reverse echos the Tribute Penny reverse of Tiberius. A fairly difficult coin to locate, rated rare by the RIC.

Not in the best of conditions, but I like the portrait and it is well-centered.
David Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 706 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 3.50g
Rome Mint, 74 AD
Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESPASIAN; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PONTIF TR P COS III; Caduceus, winged
RIC 706 (R). BMC 151. RSC 160. BNC 124.

A rare type that took a bit of patience for me to find. This specimen is cut in a fine style with a lot of the detail surviving the intervening 2000 years...even the beard can clearly be seen.
3 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 749 [Vespasian]Æ As, 10.00g
Rome mint, 74 AD
Obv: T CAESAR IMP COS III CENS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: AEQVITAS AVGVST; S C in field; Aequitas stg. l., with scales and rod
RIC 749 (R). BMC -. BNC 731.
Acquired from Civitas Galleries, July 2021.

Aequitas holding her scales and measuring rod was probably based on a cult image of the deity. She first shows up as an imperial virtue on the coinage under Galba. Not a common type for Titus Caesar. Missing from the BM collection. The rich dark copper toning is quite fetching in hand.
David Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 753 [Vespasian]Æ As, 8.02g
Rome mint, 74 AD
Obv: T CAESAR IMP COS III CENS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: VICTORIA AVGVST; S C in field; Victory stg. r. on prow, with wreath and palm
RIC 753 (R). BMC p. 163 †. BNC 734.
Acquired from London Ancient Coins, January 2020.

A rare variant of the common Victory on prow struck in 74. Missing from the BM's collection. This Victory type was a fairly popular generic design with the prow possibly lending a nautical theme, perhaps alluding to a successful ongoing Flavian naval policy. It was sparingly struck for this issue.

Well centred on good metal.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 761 [Vespasian]Æ Dupondius, 10.82g
Rome mint, 74 AD
Obv: T•CAESAR•IMP•PONT; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR•POT•COS III•CENSOR•; Winged caduceus between crossed cornuacopiae
RIC 761 (C). BMC 891. BNC 907. RPC 1991 (2 spec.).
Ex LNE, eBay, 5 August 2020. Formerly in NGC holder 5769771-013, grade 'F'.

A truly remarkable Titus Caesar dupondius struck in Rome under Vespasian, but lacking the traditional radiate portrait on the obverse and the de rigueur S C on the reverse. The reverse with crossed cornucopiae echoes similar types from the East. Traditionally, the issue this rather strange coin is from has been attributed to various different mints over the years. However, hoard and findspot data indicates these coins circulated in the Western empire and not in the East. Ted Buttrey in the RIC II.1 A&C wrote - 'RIC 756-767 are irregular Dupondii, which should be taken together with Asses, semisses and quadrantes (RIC 1564-1581), forming together a single extraordinary issue in four denominations, distinct in typology and metal, as well as overall character from the regular coinage of the year. Although Eastern in aspect and reverse type, the circulation area of the dupondii is almost exclusively Gaul, Germany, Italy – i.e. the West, with scarcely any penetration of the East. Finds of the smaller denominations are rarely attested anywhere, East or West. The Eastern finds appear to be simply the débris of Mediterranean circulation.'

Why was an Eastern flavoured coinage struck for circulation in the West? Perhaps it may be nothing more than Vespasian paying homage to that part of the world that elevated him. This example is the slightly more common right facing portrait, although only 2 specimens are cited from the 'core collections' in RPC.

Fetching dark brown patina in fine style.
3 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 762 [Vespasian]Æ Dupondius, 11.90g
Rome mint, 74 AD
Obv: T•CAESAR•IMP•PONT; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: TR•POT•COS III•CENSOR•; Winged caduceus between crossed cornuacopiae
RIC 762 (R2). BMC -. BNC 909. RPC 1992 (1 spec.).
Acquired from Aegean Numismatics, July 2020.

A truly remarkable dupondius. Struck in Rome, but lacking the traditional radiate portrait on the obverse and the de rigueur S C on the reverse. The reverse with crossed cornucopiae echoes similar types from the East. Traditionally, the issue this rather strange coin is from has been attributed to various different mints over the years. Ted Buttrey writing in the RIC II.1 Addenda commented extensively on it. Because both the Addenda has yet to see the light of day and T. Buttrey's thoughts on the subject are important, I have largely quoted it in full here with some minor editing.

'RIC 756-767 are irregular Dupondii, which should be taken together with Asses, semisses and quadrantes (RIC 1564-1581), forming together a single extraordinary issue in four denominations, distinct in typology and metal, as well as overall character from the regular coinage of the year. Although Eastern in aspect and reverse type, the circulation area of the dupondii is almost exclusively Gaul, Germany, Italy – i.e. the West, with scarcely any penetration of the East. Finds of the smaller denominations are rarely attested anywhere, East or West. The Eastern finds appear to be simply the débris of Mediterranean circulation.

Previously the series had been attributed to Commagene (BMCRE II, pp.217-222), then as a likelihood to Antioch (e.g. RPC II 1982-2005). The correct attribution to Rome is proved by mules of the dupondii with regular issues (Buttrey, “Vespasian’s Roman Orichalcum: An Unrecognized Celebratory Coinage” in David M. Jacobson and Nikos Kokkinos, Judaea and Rome in Coins, 65 CBE – 135 CE (2012). The series had nothing to do with Syria or with the East at all, yet it was purposefully designed to appear non-Roman: the suppression of the traditional reverse sub-inscription S C throughout; the suppression of the radiate crown of the Dupondius; the shifting of the consular dating from the obv. to the rev.; the striking of all four denominations in orichalcum; and most obviously the selection of rev. dies which reek of the East.

There is nothing like this series in the whole of Roman imperial coinage. It is a deliberate act of Orientalism, imposing the flavour of the East on a Western coinage. The key to its understanding is the reverse type of the dupondius, two crossed cornuacopiae with a winged caduceus between. It replicates the type of an obscure issue of the Galilean city of Sepphoris, an issue which had been, astonishingly, signed by Vespasian himself (ΕΠΙ ΟΥΕCΠΑCΙΑΝΟΥ, “on the authority of…”) when on duty there in the last days of Nero. The dupondius-sized bronze was accompanied by a half-unit with the type of a large, central S C – again signed by Vespasian, and now imitated on the As of the orichalcum series with the wreath of the As of Antioch (RPC I 4849-50).
The whole of this series memorializes not Vespasian the conquering general (IVDAEA CAPTA, VICTORIA AVGVSTI), but the man. His re-use of earlier coin types is well-known; here he re-uses his own, harking back to his career just prior to his final success in seizing the empire. And the series was struck in 74 A.D., co-terminous with the celebration of Vespasian’s first quinquennium.'

Curtis Clay has a few objections to Buttrey's theory as to why the issue was struck: 'As far as I am aware, there is nothing "astonishing" about Vespasian's "signing" of the two coins of Sepphoris. EΠI followed by the governor's name appeared frequently on Roman provincial coins, meaning simply, "Struck while the man named was governor". So there was no evident reason for Vespasian to consider it extraordinary that he had been named as governor of Syria on coins of Sepphoris struck for Nero near the end of his reign (Year 14), and no evident reason why he should have referred to the Sepphoris coins in his orichalcum issue struck at Rome five years later. It seems quite probable that Vespasian never even noticed his name on the coins of Sepphoris, and certainly very few Romans in the West will ever have seen such a coin, though Buttrey thinks the orichalcum coins were struck for circulation in the West in 74 in order to recall precisely those Sepphoris coins with their reference to Vespasian some months before his accession. Why waste coin types on references that were inconsequential, and that nobody was likely to comprehend?'

If Buttrey's argument is wrong it brings us back to the original question - why was an Eastern flavoured coinage struck for circulation in the West? Perhaps it may be nothing more than Vespasian paying homage to the part of the world that elevated him. This is a fairly rare example with left facing portrait, which, ironically, in this series are much more commonly struck for Vespasian than for Titus Caesar. Missing from the BM and only one example cited in RPC.

Dark patina and fine style.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 767 Mule [Vespasian] Æ Dupondius, 10.82g
Rome mint, 74 AD
Obv: T•CAESAR•IMP•COS III•CENS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR•POT•COS III•CENSOR•; Winged caduceus between crossed cornuacopiae
RIC 767 (R). BMC 892. BNC 908.
Acquired from Finest Coins and Relics, eBay, September 2021. Formerly in NGC holder #5872785-003, grade F.

A truly remarkable Titus Caesar dupondius struck in Rome under Vespasian, but lacking the traditional radiate portrait on the obverse and the de rigueur S C on the reverse. The reverse with crossed cornucopiae echoes similar types from the East. Traditionally, the issue this rather strange coin is from has been attributed to various different mints over the years. However, hoard and findspot data indicates these coins circulated in the Western empire and not in the East. Ted Buttrey in the RIC II.1 A&C wrote - 'RIC 756-767 are irregular Dupondii, which should be taken together with Asses, semisses and quadrantes (RIC 1564-1581), forming together a single extraordinary issue in four denominations, distinct in typology and metal, as well as overall character from the regular coinage of the year. Although Eastern in aspect and reverse type, the circulation area of the dupondii is almost exclusively Gaul, Germany, Italy – i.e. the West, with scarcely any penetration of the East. Finds of the smaller denominations are rarely attested anywhere, East or West. The Eastern finds appear to be simply the débris of Mediterranean circulation.'

This specimen has the additional feature of being a mint mule combining an obverse intended for Titus Caesar's previous bronze issue with a 'Syrian' reverse. In all likely hood both issues were struck contemporaneously.
David Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 783 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 3.47g
Rome Mint, 75 AD
Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESPASIAN; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PONTIF TR P COS IIII; Pax std. l., with branch
RIC 783 (C2). BMC 172. RSC 162. BNC 148.
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

Part of the great issue of denarii in 75 AD, this type for both Vespasian and Titus was minted in very large quantities. Presumably this reverse is a nod to the Temple of Peace which was completed in the same year. A fairly common denarius.

Good, strong portrait on this one.
David Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 784 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 3.40g
Rome mint, 75 AD
Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESPASIAN; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PONTIF TR P COS IIII; Securitas std.. l., head resting on raised arm
RIC 784 (R2). BMC -. RSC -. BNC -.
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection. Ex A. Lynn Collection.

This type is sometimes mistaken for Pax, which was a contemporary reverse. As a matter of fact, in my copy of RSC II the Pax reverse (162) actually shows a photograph of the Securitas type! The two can be easily distinguished by Securitas' raised right arm. This reverse is unlisted in both BMCRE and RSC. It was first published in the new RIC II.

As an added bonus the portrait is an above normal effort. Kudos to the die-engraver!
2 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 807 [Vespasian]AR Quinarius, 1.37g
Rome mint, 75(?) AD
Obv: T CAESAR VESPASIAN; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: VICTORIA AVGVSTI; Victory adv. r., with wreath and palm
RIC 807 (C). BMC 313. RSC 373. BNC 275.
Acquired from Dr. Busso Peus Nachf., October 2020.

Vespasian's moneyer's struck a great issue of undated quinarii in 75, possibly in conjunction with the opening of his Temple of Peace. These tiny coins may have been distributed during special occasions. Two standard Victory types (seated or advancing) were employed along with various variant legend spellings and orientations. The variations are: obverse legend - VESPASIANVS or more commonly for Titus Caesar VESPASIAN; reverse legend - AVGVSTI or less commonly AVGVST. The reverse legend can also either be oriented from low r. or high l. Dating this undated issue is a little tricky. The quinarii struck before 75 have AVGVSTI in the reverse legend, while those struck after 75 use the shorter AVGVST. The undated issue employs both forms, therefore it fits neatly to 75. This Titus Caesar quinarius is one of the more common variants struck for him during the issue.

Superb portrait with good eye-appeal.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 810 [Vespasian]AR Quinarius, 1.41g
Rome mint, 75(?) AD
Obv: T CAESAR VESPASIAN; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: VICTORIA AVGVSTI; Victory std. l., with wreath and palm
RIC 810 (C). BMC 314. RSC 375. BNC 277.
Acquired from eBay, December 2019.

Vespasian revived the quinarius after a long hiatus going back to the time of Augustus. Striking this denomination was quite in keeping with the antiquarian flavour of the Rome mint during the reign. Vespasian's moneyer's struck a great issue of undated quinarii in 75, possibly in conjunction with the opening of his Temple of Peace. These tiny coins may have been distributed during special occasions. Two standard Victory types (seated or advancing) were employed along with various variant legend spellings and orientations. The variations are: obverse legend - VESPASIANVS or more commonly for Titus Caesar VESPASIAN; reverse legend - AVGVSTI or less commonly AVGVST. The reverse legend can also either be oriented from low r. or high l. Dating this undated issue is a little tricky. The quinarii struck before 75 have AVGVSTI in the reverse legend, while those struck after 75 use the shorter AVGVST. The undated issue employs both forms, therefore it fits neatly to 75. This quinarius struck for Titus Caesar is perhaps the most common variant struck for him in the issue.

Nicely centred with hints of rainbow toning.
3 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 830 [Vespasian]Æ Dupondius, 13.68g
Rome mint, 75 AD
Obv: T CAESAR IMP COS IIII; Head of Titus, radiate, bearded, r.
Rev: FELICITAS PVBLICA; S C in field; Felicitas stg. l., with caduceus and cornucopiae
RIC 830 (C). BMC 715A. BNC 741.
Acquired from London Ancient Coins, January 2021.

Felicitas symbolising prosperity and abundance was one of the more common types struck during Vespasian's reign, often shared with Titus Caesar. This common dupondius was struck in 75, the year of the Temple of Peace dedication.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 858 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 3.25g
Rome mint, 76 AD
Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESPASIAN; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: COS V (high in field); bull stg. r.
RIC 858 (R). BMC 186. RSC 52. BNC 163.
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

This denarius of Titus as Caesar from 76 AD obviously shows a bull (even those with a passing knowledge of farm animal anatomy can tell the difference) and not a cow, but the question is why was this type minted with both sexes portrayed, sometimes ambiguously?

The BMCRE proffers this type as a reference to the famous 'Cow of Myron' statue and the coin commemorates the placing of it in Vespasian's new Temple of Peace. If this is so, why do some of the types show a bull?

Perhaps the type is nothing more than an agricultural reference like so many of the other denarii the Flavians issued in the last half of Vespasian's reign.

Decent coin with good metal and a well rendered bull on the reverse.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 860 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 3.46g
Rome mint, 76 AD
Obv: T CAESAR - IMP VESPASIAN; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: COS - V across field; Eagle head r. standing on thunderbolt, on Altar. Very uncommon with thunderbolt showing.
RIC 860 (R2). BMC 191 var. RSC 59 var. BNC -.

A rare variant of a fairly common type. The eagle's head is facing right instead of the more common left, perhaps a whim of the die engraver.

The eagle & base type's original design included a thunderbolt, although not well rendered because of the unwieldiness of the design. Over time, either from laziness or expediency, the engravers began omitting the thunderbolt altogether. It seems most of these were struck without thunderbolts, so they were probably dropped very early in the issues production. It's rare to find the type with one.
David Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 861 [Vespasian] (1)AR Denarius, 3.33g
Rome mint, 76 AD
Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESPASIAN; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: COS V across field; Eagle head l. standing on thunderbolt, on Altar. Very uncommon with thunderbolt showing.
RIC 861 (C). BMC 191. RSC 59. BNC 166.
Acquired from Sphinx Numismatics, May 2017.

The more uncommon variant of the type showing the eagle clutching a thunderbolt in its talons.

A decent denarius with the 'large head' portrait.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 861 [Vespasian] (2)AR Denarius, 3.43g
Rome mint, 76 AD
Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESPASIAN; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: COS V across field; Eagle head l. standing on thunderbolt, on Altar. Very uncommon with thunderbolt showing.
RIC 861 (C). BMC 191. RSC 59. BNC 166.
Acquired from Roma Numismatics, November 2009.

Although the type is described in RIC as Eagle with thunderbolt in claws, I see no thunderbolt on this specimen. The altar seems to be less decorated than on other examples as well. A variant lacking thunderbolt and with a less decorated base.

Good portrait and decent reverse.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 863 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 3.37g
Rome Mint, 76 AD
Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESPASIAN; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IOVIS CVSTOS; Jupiter stg. facing, with patera over altar and sceptre
RIC 863 (R2). BMC -. RSC -. BNC -.
Ex Harlan J Berk 159, 3 June 2008, lot 271.

Rated R2 by the RIC and unlisted previously, this was a most difficult coin for me to find.

Here is Curtis Clay's text from HJB's 159th buy or bid sale, which I cannot improve upon:

"A rare variant of the obverse legend for this reverse type, only recently published, allowing us to date the type's introduction precisely to 76 AD. In the course of that year, the obverse legend on Titus' gold and silver coins was expanded from T CAESAR IMP VESPASIAN to the same with VESPASIANVS, and the new form lasted until his accession as Augustus in 79. Titus' IOVIS CVSTOS reverse type was previously recorded only with obverse VESPASIANVS, so datable 76-79 AD; but RIC-863 and our coin with obverse VESPASIAN suggest that the type was introduced precisely in the year of the legend change, 76. RIC-863 cites two specimens of this denarius, in Berlin and in a private collection; we have seen a couple of others in trade or private collections over the past few years."

It's not everyday you come across a variant which can pin down the dating of a well known type! Not only is the coin rare, but the portrait on this example, in my opinion, is quite exceptional.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 870 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 3.29g
Rome mint, 76 AD
Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESPASIANVS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: COS V across field; Eagle head r. standing on thunderbolt, on Altar. Very uncommon with thunderbolt showing.
RIC 870 (R2). BMC -. RSC -. BNC -.
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

What makes this example rare is the eagle facing right instead of the much more common left. This coin's reverse is a die match for the RIC plate coin. As a side note, although most descriptions of this type describe a "thunderbolt" in the eagle's claws, I'm hard pressed to see one here. So, a variant missing the thunderbolt.

I had a rough go of it locating this type. A decent example with a pleasing portrait.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 872 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 3.10g
Rome Mint, 76 AD
Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESPASIANVS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: COS V across field; Eagle head l. standing on thunderbolt, on Altar. Very uncommon with thunderbolt showing.
RIC 872 (C). BMC 192. RSC 60. BNC 168.
Acquired from Incitatus Coins April 2008.

I'm not quite certain what the meaning is behind the reverse (Vespasian also issued the type). The BMCRE hints that it might be a reference to the death of Mucianus which occurred around 76 AD. Mucianus was the governor of Syria who helped Vespasian rise to the purple. The interpretation here would be the eagle as a symbol of the after-life.
I've always had my doubts about Mattingly's reading of this reverse type.
the eagle when depicted on a funeral pyre or altar would represent an apotheosis type. Here there is no such pyre or altar. The eagle sits upon a garlanded base, clutching a thunderbolt (missing here), with no legend referring to the eagle specifically. The following are the three main symbolic meanings of the eagle in the Roman world: as an attribute of Jupiter, a symbol of the Roman legions, a funerary type. In the case of the above coin, my guess would be the eagle is in the guise of Jupiter since a thunderbolt is clutched. Variant version missing the thunderbolt.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 873 [Vespasian] (1)AR Denarius, 3.39g
Rome Mint, 76 AD
Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESPASIANVS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: COS V across field; Eagle head l. standing on thunderbolt, on Altar. Very uncommon with thunderbolt showing.
RIC 873 (R2). BMC p. 36 note. RSC 60. BNC -.
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

A very rare (R2) left facing example of the type.

Both obverse and reverse are off-center, but both major designs are intact and it's a better example than the RIC plate coin. This portrait seems to portray an angry looking Titus, a not so usual occurrence!
2 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 873 [Vespasian] (2)AR Denarius, 3.45g
Rome Mint, 76 AD
Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESPASIANVS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: COS V across field; Eagle head l. standing on thunderbolt, on Altar. Very uncommon with thunderbolt showing.
RIC 873 (R2). BMC p. 36 note. RSC 60. BNC -.
Acquired from Forvm Ancient Coins, December 2016.

The common eagle and altar type was struck for both Vespasian and Titus Caesar. Here is a very scarce left facing portrait example of the type. However, what interested me about this coin was the reverse, not the rare obverse. What isn't noted in the references and catalogues is the fact this type comes in two variants - one with eagle clutching a thunderbolt in its talons and the other without thunderbolt. Doug Smith proposes a possible third variant with eagle clutching branches. RIC generically describes the reverse as eagle with 'thunderbolt in claws', so this coin without thunderbolt should be regarded as a variant. I have another example of the type showing the eagle clutching a thunderbolt. The coins with plain altars actually seem to be more common.

Nicely toned and in good style.

Special thanks to Doug Smith.


4 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 874 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 3.50g
Rome Mint, 76 AD
Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESPASIANVS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IOVIS CVSTOS; Jupiter, bearded, naked, standing facing, sacrificing out of patera in r. hand over low garlanded altar and holding long vertical sceptre in l.
RIC 874 (C). BMC 305. RSC 106. BNC 268.
Acquired from Ancient Imports, June 2007.

A coin type, which was also issued by Vespasian, symbolises the Emperor's safety after a plot. Helvidius Priscus' execution around this time comes to mind.

While the flan may be a bit ragged and the legends not full, the portrait is wonderful and it caught my eye.
David Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 909 [Vespasian]Æ Dupondius, 11.37g
Rome mint, 76 AD
Obv: T CAESAR IMP COS V; Head of Titus, radiate, bearded, r.
Rev: FELICITAS PVBLICA; S C in field; Felicitas stg. l., with caduceus and cornucopiae
RIC 909 (R). BMC -. BNC 761.
Ex eBay, 27 May 2021. Ex CNG Triton X, 7 January 2007, lot 1565 (part). Ex Henry Chitwood Collection.

This Felicitas reverse was one of the most common types on the middle bronze of Vespasian's reign. Struck for all the three Flavians, it symbolises the abundance and prosperity the Flavian house has brought to the empire. This Titus Caesar dupondius was produced at a time when Vespasian's bronze production was winding down at Rome. Missing from the BM's collection.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 914 [Vespasian]Æ As, 11.03g
Rome mint, 76 AD
Obv: T CAESAR IMP COS V; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: S C in field; Spes stg. l. with flower
RIC 914 (R). BMC 728. BNC -.
Acquired from eBay, April 2019.

A small issue of bronze was struck by the Rome mint in 76. The asses of this issue were produced on larger than normal flans (27-28mm) and at a slightly heavier weight. Surprisingly, this Spes type from 76 struck for Titus Caesar is fairly rare with many specimens sharing this coin's die combination. Spes was a fairly common reverse type of the dynasty and was likely copied from a well known cult statue. As the goddess of hope, she is the perfect 'heir apparent' personification for a future emperor. As Mattingly put it in BMCRE II - 'The flower is an opening bud, she is raising her skirt in order to hasten forward.'

Although the patina has been largely stripped away, the piece has a pleasingly rich coppery hue.
3 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 948 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 2.87g
Rome Mint, 77-78 AD
Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESPASIANVS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: COS VI; Mars stg. l., with spear and trophy
RIC 948 (C). BMC 221. RSC 65. BNC 195.

Another reverse of Titus' which copies a Vespasian reverse. Both father and son shared the same types, one would think it was to strengthen the fact that Titus was the joint ruler and heir. Domitian on the other hand never shared the same types as Vespasian or Titus, highlighting his junior status.

An excellent denarius with a good portrait. Nice metal too.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 949 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 3.08g
Rome mint, 77-78 AD
Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESPASIANVS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: COS VI; Mars stg. l., with spear and trophy; and to r., corn ear
RIC 949 (C). BMC 222. RSC 66. BNC 196.

Yet another reverse that is shared with Vespasian. Although the type with Mars and corn ear is listed in RIC as "common", this is the first example I've seen in trade. The condition is not the greatest but beggars can't be choosers. Needless to say the thrill of receiving this denarius far outweighs the eye appeal!
2 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 950 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 3.35g
Rome Mint, 77-78 AD
Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESPASIANVS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: COS VI; Prow r.; above eight pointed star
RIC 950 (R). BMC 226. RSC 68. BNC 202.
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

This rare star and prow reverse is shared with Vespasian (not a very common one for him as well!) and is a copy of one issued by Marc Antony. Vespasian copied many types from the past, this is perhaps an odd choice for a reverse considering Antony was an enemy of Octavian. Why this particular type was chosen remains a mystery to me.

The BMC states the star and prow symbolizes the victorious admiral.

This denarius is rated R by the RIC, but as far as it's availability in the market place I would rate it R2! This was a most vexing coin for me to locate, again a friend who shares a common collecting niche as I came to the rescue and offered this one to me.

Quite a nice find. Not only a rare type, but also the portrait is wonderful, imho.

5 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 951 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 3.20g
Rome Mint, 77-78 AD
Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESPASIANVS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: COS VI in exergue; Two oxen, yoked, l.
RIC 951 (R). BMC 225. RSC 67. BNC 201.
Acquired from Calgary Coin, May 2008.

This reverse type was shared both by Vespasian and Titus (as most precious metal types were) and is part of the agrarian themed denarii issued around the time. Like many denarii of the period the type is a copy of an earlier Republican one. Rated rare by the RIC.

I quite like the style of this one.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 972 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 3.50g
Rome Mint, 78-79 AD
Obv: T CAESAR VESPASIANVS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: ANNONA AVG; Annona, draped, seated l. on throne, adorned with corn-ears, feet on stool, holding on her lap a sack of corn-ears open, the ties, looped at one end, in her hands
RIC 972 (C). BMC 319. RSC 17. BNC 280.
Acquired from Amphora coins, April 2007.

A reverse type that forms part of a new agrarian policy announcement. Both Vespasian and Titus issued many reverses during this era that seems to have promoted the new programme.

I like the portrait on this coin, which is why it has found a place in my collection. The toning is very pleasant in hand also.
David Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 974 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 2.84g
Rome Mint, 78-79 AD
Obv: T CAESAR VESPASIANVS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: CERES AVGVST; Ceres, draped to feet, standing l., holding poppy and two corn-ears in extended r. hand and long vertical sceptre in l.
RIC 974 (R). BMC 321. RSC 31. BNC 282.
Acquired from Realms Ancient Coins, April 2007.

Titus' reverses on his denarii closely mirror those of his father Vespasian. This Ceres reverse was briefly continued into Titus' reign and thus may be dated more towards 79, the year of Vespasian's death. The type itself may have been part of an issue which commemorated a new agricultural programme.

A wonderful coin in hand with a few minor scratches on the portrait that do not detract from the coins appeal.
David Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 985 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 3.53g
Rome Mint, July 77 AD - December 78 AD
Obv: T CAESAR VESPASIANVS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XIII in exergue; Goatherd std. l., milking goat l.
RIC 985 (R). BMC 230. RSC 103. BNC 204.
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

This type had been one of my 'dream coins' since I started collecting Flavian denarii. A very tough coin to find and one I couldn't resist. Curiously enough, it has a frequency rating of rare in RIC, as does the more common Vespasian variant of the type. I think the Titus is a bit rarer.

It is quite obvious that this reverse is part of an agrarian propaganda series. Unlike the goat referring to Jupiter as seen on a denarius of Domitian as Caesar (RIC 267 (Titus), this type has rustic overtones.

I love this reverse, well centered and fairly clear. Unfortunately, I only have the old dealer's pic.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 985A [Vespasian] UniqueAR Denarius, 3.22g
Rome Mint, 77-78 AD
Obv: T CAESAR VESPASIANVS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XIII across field; Modius, standing on three legs, containing five ears of corn upright and two hanging over the sides
RIC 985A. BMC -. RSC -. BNC -.
Ex CNG eAuction 487, 10 March 2021, lot 515.

A unique and unpublished new type for Titus Caesar. In RIC II.1, page 129, note 186 reads as follows: 'A plated example of this coin with rev IMP XIII (Budapest) suggests the possibility that the parallel issue for Titus might have used this modius reverse type (if such a coin was the prototype for the ancient imitation), though no examples have yet been attested.' Dr. Lucia Carbone, Assistant Curator for Roman Coins, at the American Numismatic Society has confirmed this coin as 'the prototype for the silver-plated fourrée in the Budapest museum.... The T preceding CAESAR on the obverse is absolutely clear and there is no doubt about the identification of the obverse.' The small denarius issue from which this coin was struck consists of three reverse types: goatherd, modius, and sow with piglets. Previously, all three were known for Vespasian, but only the goatherd and sow types had been attested for Titus Caesar. In hand there is the faintest trace of the reading IMP XIII on the reverse. We can now confidently add the modius for Titus to complete our picture of the series - a tremendous discovery!
5 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 986 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 3.20g
Rome Mint, 77-78 AD
Obv: T CAESAR VESPASIANVS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XIII in ex. Sow l., with three young
RIC 986 (C). BMC 227. RSC 104. BNC 203.
Acquired from Ancient Imports, October 2007.

This coin is part of the 'agrarian' issue Vespasian and Titus struck in 77 to 78 AD.

A choice obverse with a slightly off center strike on the reverse, a much better example than is normally found for this type.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC-1073 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 2.46g
Rome Mint, 79 AD
Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESPASIANVS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR POT VIII COS VII; Quadriga l., with basket of corn-ears
RIC 1073 (C). BMC 256. RSC 336. BNC 226.
Ex CNG E167, 27 June 2007, lot 139. Ex C. G. collection. Ex Stack's, 8 December 1988, lot 2197.

This denarius is not especially rare (rated as Common in RIC) but for some reason I had a somewhat difficult time finding a decent example of the type. Issued in 79 AD, the quadriga with a basket of corn-ears reverse possibly symbolizes the importance of Alexandria as the granary of Rome and echos an early reverse of Augustus (BMCRE II, p. xlii). Also of note, this issue is a break from earlier issues where Titus shared reverse types with Vespasian. This reverse along with the others minted for Titus as Caesar in 79 were not shared with Vespasian.

5 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC-1074 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 3.19g
Rome mint, 79 AD
Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESPASIANVS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: TR POT VIII COS VII; Quadriga l., with flower
RIC 1074 (R). BMC -. RSC -. BNC 228.
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

This type is very rare with the left facing portrait. RIC only lists it as 'rare', although this is the only one I've ever seen in trade. The reverse type was carried over when Titus became Augustus and it too is rare with a left facing portrait.

Condition wise there is a lot to be desired, but the main devices are visible. Not much better looking than the RIC plate coin from Paris (BNC 228).
1 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC-1076 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 2.89g
Rome Mint, 79 AD
Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESPASIANVS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR POT VIII COS VII; Trophy, below, captive kneeling r.
RIC 1076(C). BMC 258. RSC 334. BNC 229.

Variously this reverse has been attributed to an Agricola victory in Britain or a 'Judaea Capta' type. It seems more likely to be a 'Judaea Capta' type because Titus does not share the type with Vespasian. One would think a British victory would have been celebrated on both coinages. It seems more likely to be a type that reminds the Roman populace of the young Prince's role in the Jewish War nine years before.

A very decent example of the type with a better than average portrait.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC-1078 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 3.30g
Rome Mint, 79 AD
Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESPASIANVS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR POT VIII COS VII; Venus stg. r., leaning on column, with helmet and spear
RIC 1078 (C). BMC 255. RSC 332. BNC 223.
Acquired from Münzhandlung Ritter, January 2010.

Minted during the first half of 79 AD, this reverse carried over to Titus' issues as Augustus after Vespasian's death in June.

This coin features the classic 'small head' portrait. The style carried over to the early issues of Domitian's reign.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC-1078A [Vespasian] AR Denarius, 3.42g
Rome Mint, 79 AD
Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESPASIANVS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: TR POT VIII COS VII; Venus stg. r., leaning on column, with helmet and spear
RIC 1078A (R3). BMC -. RSC -. BNC -.
Ex Numismatik Naumann Auction 100, 7 March 2021, lot 462.

Second known specimen of this Venus Victrix type with obverse bust left. Harry Sneh reported an example to the RIC authors who then assigned it as RIC 1078A in the RIC II.1 Addenda. Oddly, these two specimens are from different dies. It is part of Vespasian's last denarius issue struck before his death on 24 June 79. Venus is depicted here with a helmet and spear as the goddess of both love and war. The type would later be struck as a carry-over reverse for Titus as Augustus until the mint designed new reverse dies specifically for him.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC-1252 [Vespasian]Æ Dupondius, 11.49g
Lyon mint, 77-78 AD
Obv: T CAES IMP AVG F TR P COS VI CENSOR; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.; globe at point of bust
Rev: FELICITAS PVBLICA; S C in field; Felicitas stg. l., with caduceus and cornucopiae
RIC 1252 (C2). BMC 856. BNC 859.
Acquired from Tantalus.com, October 2020. Ex Steve Santore Collection.

In 77-78 Lugdunum (modern Lyon) after an interval of several years struck a decently sized issue of bronze coinage, presumably to address a shortage in the Western provinces. These coins are commonly found in hoards throughout Britain and France. The types copy those common to Rome and feature the distinctive Lugdunese 'blocky' portraits. Unlike the previous issues struck before the hiatus, coins were now produced for Titus and Domitian. This laureate dupondius (unradiate dupondius portraits are a hallmark of this mint) struck for Titus Caesar features the common Felicitas reverse type, likely based on a familiar cult image of the deity. This is easily the most common dupondius type of the issue struck for Titus.

Superb style. A fine example of the type.
David Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC-1255 [Vespasian]Æ Dupondius, 11.37g
Lyon mint, 77-78 AD
Obv: T CAES IMP AVG F TR P COS VI CENSOR; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.; globe at point of bust
Rev: FIDES PVBLICA; S C in field; Fides stg. l., with patera and cornucopiae
RIC 1255 (R3). BMC -. BNC -.
Acquired from CGB.fr, September 2020.

Possibly a second known example of the rare Fides dupondius type for Titus Caesar at Lyon (Lugdunum) - although Giard cites one specimen and Cohen cites another, so perhaps mine is actually the third known despite the R3 rating in RIC. Fides was struck far more commonly for Vespasian at this mint, leading Curtis Clay to conclude this type for Titus Caesar may very well be a mule using a reverse intended for Vespasian. FIDES PVBLICA, the good faith of the state, was a common personification on the coinage. The figure on the reverse is likely based on a cult statue of the goddess whose annual sacrifice occurred on 1 October. Important documents of state and treaties were stored in her temple for safe keeping. The laureate portrait seen here is standard for Titus's dupondii at Lugdunum. Of note, Titus's censorship is given prominent billing in the obverse legend.

Stellar Lugdunese style.

**Special thanks to Curtis Clay for Addenda and Corrections**
4 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC-1261 [Vespasian]Æ Dupondius, 12.28g
Lyon mint, 77-78 AD
Obv: T CAES IMP AVG F TR P COS VI CENSOR; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.; globe at point of bust
Rev: PAX AVG; S C in field; Pax stg. l., with patera over altar and branch and caduceus
RIC 1261 (C). BMC -. BNC 864.
Acquired from London Ancient Coins, January 2021.

This Pax type is a fairly common unique Lugdunese type struck for both Vespasian and Titus Caesar. H. Mattingly in BMCRE writes 'The type of Pax sacrificing, which is peculiar to Lugdunum, conveys the thought of thanksgiving for peace and prosperity (cp. the caduceus held by Pax) restored.' Laureate portrait variant missing from the BM.

NB: The BNC catalogue erroneously cross references their laureate specimen with the BM's radiate one!
David Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC-1268 [Vespasian]Æ As, 9.35g
Lyon mint, 77-78 AD
Obv: T CAES IMP AVG F TR P COS VI CENSOR; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.; globe at point of bust
Rev: IVDAEA CAPTA; S C in exergue; Palm tree; to r., Judaea std. r.; to l. of tree, arms
RIC 1268 (C2). BMC 862. BNC 872. Hendin 1562.
Acquired from GB Collection, March 2019.

The importance of the Jewish War to the Flavian dynasty cannot be overestimated. It provided much needed legitimacy for the imperial rule of 'new men'. This common as struck for Titus Caesar nearly eight years after the 'Gotterdammerung' fall of Jerusalem is ample evidence of the dynasty's continued reliance on the propaganda value of 'Judaea Capta'. It would continue to be Titus' calling card even after he became emperor a year or so later. This coin was struck in Lugdunum (Lyon) in a fairly large issue that presumably addressed a shortage of bronze coinage in the Western provinces.

Good Lugdunese style with a fetching dark patina.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC-1273 [Vespasian]Æ As, 10.61g
Lyon mint, 77-78 AD
Obv: T CAES IMP AVG F TR P COS VI CENSOR; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.; globe at point of bust
Rev: S C in field; Spes stg. l., with flower
RIC 1273 (C3). BMC 868. BNC 877.
Acquired from eBay, November 2019.

The Lyon mint struck a fairly substantial issue of bronze coinage for the Western provinces late in Vespasian's reign, presumably to rectify a shortage in the region. One of the most popular types struck during the issue was Spes, the goddess of hope. Here she represents Vespasian's hope for a happy dynastic future. The depiction of Spes raising her skirt and holding a flower likely copies a familiar cult statue of the goddess.

Fine style with hints of rainbow toning.
3 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC-1274 [Vespasian]Æ As, 9.30g
Lyon mint, 77-78 AD
Obv: T CAES IMP AVG F TR P COS VI CENSOR; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.; globe at point of bust
Rev: VICTORIA NAVALIS; S C in field; Victory stg. r. on prow, with wreath and palm
RIC 1274 (C). BMC 870. BNC 883.
Acquired from CGB.fr, April 2021.

This Victory type would be repeatedly struck throughout Vespasian's reign for both father and son, perhaps indicating how important it was to their military gravitas. The reverse legend variant of 'VICTORIA NAVALIS' has been traditionally attributed to the naval victory Vespasian and Titus won on Lake Gennesaret (the Sea of Galilee) during the Jewish War. This Titus Caesar As was struck in Lyon (Lugdunum) and is scarcer than the Rome mint varieties. RIC's frequency rating of 'Common' underplays the rarity.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC-1426(5A)4 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 2.78g
Ephesus mint, 71 AD
Obv: IMPERATOR T CAESAR AVGVSTI F; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PACI ORB TERR AVG; Turreted and draped female bust, r., no mint mark
RIC 1426(5A)4. BMC -. RSC -. RPC -. BNC -.
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

This coin should have the EPHE mint mark on the lower left of the reverse, however it is clearly not there. This is the second coin from the series I have seen which has no mint mark. It has been added to the Flavian RIC II Addenda.

Better in hand than the photo suggests.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC-1436 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 2.89g
Ephesus Mint, 71 AD
Obv: IMPERATOR T CAESAR AVGVSTI F; Head of Titus, laureate, r.
Rev: AVG and EPHE in oak wreath
RIC 1436 (R2). BMC 464. RSC 23. RPC 841 (3 spec.). BNC 357.
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

This R2 denarius has the rare occurrence for Flavian silver of IMPERATOR actually spelled out. A very neat thing!

The portrait has an almost Otho-like quality to it, especially the hair. Another variant of the type is bareheaded.

Please forgive the flan crack and the blotchy toning.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC-1440 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 3.27g
Ephesus mint, 71 AD
Obv: IMPERATOR T CAESAR AVGVSTI F; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: CONCORDIA AVG; Ceres std. l., on ornate high-backed chair, with corn ears and poppy and cornucopiae; in exergue, EPHE
RIC 1440 (R). BMC 467. RSC 39. RPC 843 (4 spec.). BNC 358.
Ex Gemini X, 13 January 2013, Harry N. Sneh Collection, lot 741.

Another great portrait of the young Titus from this artistically pleasing mint. The reverse is one shared with Vespasian.
An obverse and reverse die match to the RIC plate coin, perhaps an indication of its rarity.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC-1440A [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 2.69g
Ephesus mint, 71 AD
Obv: IMPERATOR T CAESAR AVGVSTI E (sic); Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: CONCORDIA AVG; Ceres std. l., on ornate high-backed chair, with corn ears and poppy and cornucopiae; in exergue, EPHE
RIC 1440A. BMC 467 var. RSC 39 var. RPC 843 var. BNC 358 var.
Ex Gemini X, 13 January 2013, Harry N Sneh Collection, lot 742. Acquired from Ponterio, c. 2003.

This denarius features an engraver's error in the obverse legend. Instead of ending in the normal F the engraver mistakenly engraved an E. It is also an obverse die match to the unique British Museum aureus RIC V1437. A wonderful example of aurei and denarii sharing dies! The coin has been assigned by Carradice as V1440A (obv 2B) in the upcoming RIC II addenda.

Not only is this coin interesting for the engraver's error and die link - it's also in excellent style with an outstanding portrait. Truly a gorgeous coin.


6 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC-1441 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 3.23g
Ephesus mint, 71 AD
Obv: IMPERATOR T CAESAR AVGVSTI F; Head of Titus, bare, bearded, r.
Rev: PACI AVGVSTAE; Victory adv. r., with wreath and palm; at lower r., EPHE
RIC 1441 (R2). BMC p. 98 note. RSC 124. RPC 838 (1 spec.). BNC 360.
Acquired from Beast Coins, August 2010.

A most rare denarius from Ephesus with a bare headed portrait.

The entire series itself is rare, but the bare headed portraits are even scarcer. I'm not sure what the rarity ratio is between the two types....10 to 1? At any rate, this coin is both an obverse and reverse die match with the RIC plate coin.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC-1442 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 3.38g
Ephesus mint, 71 AD
Obv: IMPERATOR T CAESAR AVGVSTI F; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PACI - AVGVSTAE; Victory adv. r., with wreath and palm; at lower r., EPHE
RIC 1442 (R). BMC 468. RSC 125. RPC 844 (5 spec.). BNC 361.
Ex CNG E260, 20 July 2011, lot 469. Ex Gorny and Mosch 170, 13 October 2008, lot 2068. Ex Gorny & Mosch 142, 10 October 2005, lot 2392.

The obverse is slightly off center but contains a wonderful portrait.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC-1444 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 3.42g
Ephesus mint, 71 AD
Obv: IMPERATOR T CAESAR AVGVSTI F; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PACI ORB TERR AVG; Turreted and draped female bust, r; below EPHE
RIC 1444 (R2). BMC p. 98 note. RSC 127. RPC 845 (0 spec.). BNC -.
Acquired from Ephesus Numismatics, April 2010.

The reverse features a turreted female bust, most likely Tyche with the attributes of a City Goddess. Here she is symbolic of the world peace Vespasian has inaugurated after the recent Civil War and revolts in Judaea and Batavia. The type was also struck for Vespasian and Domitian as Caesar and is one of the more fascinating reverses minted at Ephesus.

8 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC-1459 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 2.93g
Ephesus mint, 74 AD
Obv: IMP T CAESAR COS III; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: AVG and star in oak wreath
RIC 1459 (R2). BMC plate 17.6. RSC 21. RPC 855 (2 spec.). BNC 369.
Ex Gemini IX, 8 January 2012, Harry N. Sneh Collection, lot 428. Acquired from Freeman and Sear, 2010 (A. Lynn Collection). Ex Gorny and Mosch 126, 14 October 2003, lot 2353.

According to the Gemini catalog listing of this coin, one of only 5 known specimens, so very rare indeed. Same dies as the BMC plate coin and same obverse die as my V1460.

Another wonderful portrait from the artistically pleasing Ephesus mint. Titus here exhibits a slight heavenward gaze.
7 commentsDavid Atherton
titus_as_caesar_east_concord.jpg
Titus as Caesar RIC-1460 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 3.35g
Ephesus Mint, 74 AD
Obv: IMP T CAESAR COS III; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: CONCORDIA-AVG; Ceres std. l., on ornate high-backed chair, with corn ears and poppy and cornucopiae; in exergue, star
RIC 1460 (R2). BMC 477. RSC 39a. RPC 856 (2 spec.). BNC -.
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

This reverse type (shared with Vespasian), a common issue at Rome and to some degree Ephesus, is rare with the star mint mark. The Eastern denarii are usually done in a fine style and are very distinct from the much more abundant Rome issues. Here we see Titus gazing heavenwards, a trait of this particular series. Another group minted around the same time used annulets as mint marks along with the star. The star alone rates an R2 in RIC.

Perhaps a bit worn with a few stains, but IMHO a handsome example from this very rare series.
David Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC-1469 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 2.74g
Ephesus mint, 74 AD
Obv: IMP T CAESAR COS III; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r., annulet at tip of bust
Rev: CONCORDIA AVG; Ceres std. l., on ornate high-backed chair, with corn ears and poppy and cornucopiae; below throne, annulet; in exergue, star
RIC 1469 (R2). BMC 477. RSC -. RPC 856 var. BNC -.
Ex Gemini IX, 8 January 2012, Harry N. Sneh Collection, lot 429

The annulet before the obverse bust is an important distinction, it may signify a new series for Ephesus. For now it is cataloged with Ephesus group 9. The annulet is barely visible in hand.

In wonderful condition with a pleasing style. There seems to be no end to the high quality output from this mint!
4 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC-1470 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 3.00g
Ephesus Mint, 74 AD
Obv: IMP T CAESAR COS III; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PACI AVGVSTAE (from high r.); Victory adv. r., with wreath and palm; at lower r. star; below, annulet
RIC 1470(C). BMC 479. RSC 123. RPC 857 (3 spec.). BNC 370.
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

Even at the mint of Ephesus Titus shared many reverses with Vespasian, this Victory included; 'The Imperial Peace'.

A wonderful, stylish obverse die was employed here making this coin a good example of what Ephesus was capable of. A bit off-center, but it can be forgiven.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC-1481 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 3.29g
Ephesus (?) mint, 76 AD
Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESP CENS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r. 'o' mint mark below neck off flan
Rev: COS V across field;Eagle stg. facing on garlanded altar, wings open, head r.
RIC 1481 (R). BMC 485. RSC 61. RPC 1457 (4 spec.). BNC 373.
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

Ephesus stopped minting Imperial denarii in 74 AD. Mysteriously, a series of denarii were minted in 76 in Asia Minor with no apparent purpose. The mint is thought to be Ephesus as well. However, previously the mint had excellent quality control...the 76 series lacks all of that and then some! Mules, muddled titles (PON MAX for Titus!), and reverse types mixed between Vespasian, Titus, and Domitian. A truly odd series. Most likely minted for local use.

This Titus denarius from the series has no blundered mistakes. A fabulous portrait, different in style from the previous Ephesus series but still artistic, IMHO.

3 commentsDavid Atherton
V1483.jpg
Titus as Caesar RIC-1483 [Vespasian]AR Denarius, 3.33g
Ephesus (?) mint, 76 AD
Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESP CENS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r. 'o' mint mark below neck
Rev: COS V; Bull, stg. r.
RIC 1483n (R2, this coin). BMC 486. RSC 56. RPC 1458 (3 spec.). BNC 374.
Ex NAC 125, 24 June 2021, lot 583. Ex Harry N Sneh Collection. Ex Gorny & Mosch 142, 10 October 2005, lot 2398.

The infamous 'o' mint denarii (the 'o' is often not visible but is quite bold on this specimen!) struck for Vespasian, Titus Caesar, and Domitian Caesar are thought to have been minted at Ephesus due to a similar 'o' mint mark previously used at that mint. The types are the same as those struck somewhat contemporaneously at Rome. Mules are a hallmark of the series, perhaps indicating a lack of care in their production. This bull reverse copies a much more common Rome mint 'Cow of Myron' proto-type. The exact sex of the bovine is in doubt - some catalogues call it a cow, others a bull. RIC also makes a distinction between 'humped' and 'non-humped' bulls and uses the above coin in the plates to illustrate the 'non-humped' variant. Very rare, only a handful of specimens known.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
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