Nabatean Kingdom, Aretas IV & Shuqailat I, Meshorer 113 #2 (שלמ as monogram and X)
Aretas IV. & Shuqailat, 9 BC - AD 40
AE 17, 3.53g
Petra, AD 29/30
obv. Jugate busts of Aretas IV, with moustache, draped and laureate, r., and of queen Shuqailat, draped and diademed, r.
Above head Nabatean legend:
שלמ as monogram (Meshorer p. 85, #9)
from r. to l. transcribed (Sh)LM
= shalom (whole)
rev. 2 crossed cornucopias, in between Nabatean legend in 3 lines:
חרתת / שקי / לת
from r. to l. (transcribed):
HRTT / SQY / LT
= Harithat / Shuqailat
below שקי X
ref. cf. Meshorer Nabatean 113
VF, black patina with sandy deposits
According to Meshorer שלמ (= whole) is a denomination, which then was ommitted because this denomination has well been established. The X above the crossing of the cornucopias is not mentioned by Meshorer.
"Now further variants of these bronze coins have been found (nos. 80, 81) which show the same sign X as the silver issue of year 29. We believe that this sign marks year 4 of queen Shaqilat and that this was the year of the currency reform when the new bronze type was introduced. In order to mark the changes, several features on the new coins were altered. Aretas wears a moustache, Shaqilat has a love-lock (as opposed to an earring), and the numeral 4 was added on both silver and bronze coins in the first year of the new issues. If 29 is the fourth year of Shaqilat then the marriage between Aretas and Shaqilat fell in his 25th year, which corresponds to ad 16."
Karl Schmitt-Korte, "Nabataean Coinage—Part II. New Coin Types and Variants", The Numismatic Chronicle Vol. 150 (1990), pp. 105-133.