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   View Categories Home > Catalog > |Greek Coins| > |Hellenistic Monarchies| > |Seleucid Kingdom| > GY26738
Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, 175 - 164 B.C.
|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |IV| |Epiphanes,| |175| |-| |164| |B.C.|, Ba’al-Berit, the local god of Berytus, was assimilated to the Greek Poseidon.

In an attempt to assimilate the Jews and consolidate his empire, Antiochus IV outlawed Judaism and erected an altar to Zeus in the Temple. The Jews revolted and the Maccabees again and again defeated large Seleukid armies. Hanukkah, the Festival of Lights, commemorates the rededication of the Temple after its desecration by the forces of Antiochos IV. According to the Talmud, there was only enough consecrated olive oil to fuel the eternal flame in the Temple for one day. Miraculously, the oil burned for eight days, enough time to prepare and consecrate fresh oil.
GY26738. Bronze AE 21, Houghton-Lorber II 1449; cf. SNG Spaer 1077; Houghton CSE 704 f.; BMC Seleucid p. 39, 57; Sawaya 5 ff., Rouvier JIAN III, p. 267, 443 ff., gF, green patina, scratches, light earthen deposits, Berytus (Beirut, Lebanon) mint, weight 5.006g, maximum diameter 21.0mm, die axis 0o, c. 168 - 164 B.C.; obverse radiate and diademed head of Antiochos IV right, one diadem end flying behind, the other falling forward over shoulder, uncertain Greek control letter(s) behind; reverse Phoenician script: (of Laodicea, mother in Canaan) counterclockwise on left, BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY clockwise on right, Ba'al-Berit (Poseidon) standing facing, phiale in right hand, trident in left hand, Λ / A (mintmark) left, OΦ monogram right; rare; SOLD











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