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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Crisis and Decline| ▸ |Saloninus||View Options:  |  |  |   

Saloninus, Summer 260 A.D.

Saloninus was one of the sons of Gallienus and Salonina. After the death of his older brother Valerian II, he was made Caesar late in 258 A.D. and sent to oversee the western regions, aided by his praetorian prefect Silvanus and the governor of Germany, Postumus. In 260 A.D., the same year his grandfather was captured by the Sasanians, Postumus rebelled and besieged him at Cologne. He was made Augustus in 260 but within a few weeks or months of his accession he was captured and executed. According to Vagi, his coinage as Augustus is extremely rare, with perhaps fewer than 20 specimens known. -- Coinage and History of The Roman Empire by David L. Vagi


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RIC lists as common, but all coins of Saloninus are scarce.
RS06959. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 939z, RIC V-1 10 (Lugdunum), RSC IV 61 (Lugdunum), Hunter IV 9 (Mediolanum or Viminacium), SRCV III 17070 (Mediolanum or Viminacium), VF/F, nice portrait, full circle centering, good metal for Saloninus, reverse weakly struck with a damaged die, weight 3.54 g, maximum diameter 24.5 mm, die axis 180o, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, as Caesar, 258 - summer 260 A.D.; obverse SAL VALERIANVS CS, radiate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse PRINC IVVENT (Prince of Youth), Saloninus standing half left, wearing military attire, baton pointed downward in right hand, transverse spear downward left in left hand, one standard in ground on right; from the Scott Collection; SOLD


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In 258, Valerian II, Gallienus' eldest son died. He was possibly murdered by Pannonia's governor Ingenuus. Valerian named Saloninus, another of Gallienus' sons, Caesar.
RS60278. Silver antoninianus, Göbl MIR 914e, RIC V-1 9, RSC IV 41, SRCV III 10767, aVF, well centered, some porosity, tiny encrustations, edge cracks, weight 3.167 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 0o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne) mint, as caesar, 258 - summer 260 A.D.; obverse SALON VALERIANVS CAES, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PIETAS AVG (to the piety of the Emperor), implements of the augurate and pontificate, from left to right: lituus (augural wand), secespita (knife), ewer (jug), simpulum (ladle), and aspergillum (sprinkler); SOLD


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Spes was the Roman personification of Hope. In art, Spes is normally depicted carrying flowers or a cornucopia, but on coins, she is almost invariably depicted holding a flower in her extended right hand, while the left is raising a fold of her dress. She was also named "ultima dea" - for Hope is the last resort of men. On this coin, the caesar, Saloninus, the designated successor of the emperor, is identified as the hope for the future of the Roman people.
RS11374. Silver antoninianus, Göbl MIR 915e, RSC IV 93, RIC V-1 13 corr. (misdescribed), SRCV III 10774, Hunter IV - (p. lii), VF, weight 3.906 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne) mint, as caesar, 258 - summer 260 A.D.; obverse SALON VALERIANVS CAES, radiate and draped bust right from behind; reverse SPES PVBLICA (the hope of the public), Spes walking left, flower in right hand, raising drapery of skirt with left hand; SOLD


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The figure opposite Jupiter is usually identified as Saloninus, but the epigraph proclaims more than one deity and the figure is laureate and is presented with a laurel crown. We would expect Saloninus, as caesar, to be bare-headed. The figures may be Jupiter and Gallienus, together the gods nutritors of Saloninus.
RL84207. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1606e (Valerian II), RIC V-1 35 (S), RSC V 21, Hunter IV 11, SRCV 10765 (eastern field mint), VF/F, bold choice obverse, reverse struck with a worn die, weight 3.400 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 257 - summer 260 A.D.; obverse P COR SAL VALERIANVS CAES, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse DII NVTRITORES (the fostering, rearing, educating gods), Jupiter (on right) and Saloninus standing confronted, Saloninus in military garb, Jupiter holding vertical scepter in left and presenting crowning Victory on globe with right; scarce; SOLD


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In 258, Valerian II, Gallienus' eldest son died. He was possibly murdered by Pannonia's governor Ingenuus. Valerian named Saloninus, another of Gallienus' sons, Caesar.
RS60614. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 271i, RSC IV 73, RIC V-1 27, aVF, weight 3.612 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, as caesar, 258 - summer 260 A.D.; obverse LIC COR SAL VALERIANVS N CAES, radiate and draped bust right; reverse PRINCIPI IVVENT (to the Prince of Youth), Saloninus standing facing in military garb, head left, standard in right. spear in left; large flan, full circles centering; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
Spes was the Roman personification of Hope. In art Spes is normally depicted carrying flowers or a cornucopia, but on coins she is almost invariably depicted holding a flower in her extended right hand, while the left is raising a fold of her dress. She was also named "ultima dea" - for Hope is the last resort of men. On this coin, the Caesar, Saloninus, the designated successor of the emperor, is identified as the hope for the future of the Roman people.
RS08514. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1707u (Samosata), RIC V-1 36 (Antioch), RSC IV 95a (Antioch), Hunter IV - (p. liii, eastern mint), SRCV III -, Choice VF, well centered, attractive dark toning with earthen deposit highlighting, tiny edge split, weight 3.34 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Syrian mint, as caesar, Jan - summer 260 A.D.; obverse SALON VALERIANVS NOB CAES, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SPES PVBLICA (the hope of the public), Saloninus (on left) standing right, wearing military garb and holding spear, confronting Spes, Spes standing left, raising skirt with left hand and presenting flower to prince with right hand, star above; ex Beast Coins; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
The figure opposite Jupiter is usually identified as Saloninus, but the epigraph proclaims more than one deity and the figure is laureate and is presented with a laurel crown. We would expect Saloninus, as caesar, to be bare-headed. The figures may be Jupiter and Gallienus, together the gods nutritors of Saloninus.
RS49457. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1606e (Valerian II), RIC V-1 35, RSC V 21, Hunter IV 11, SRCV 10765 (eastern field mint), VF, weight 5.335 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 257 - summer 260 A.D.; obverse P COR SAL VALERIANVS CAES, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse DII NVTRITORES (the fostering, rearing, educating gods), Jupiter (on right) and Saloninus standing confronted, Saloninus in military garb, Jupiter holding vertical scepter in left and presenting crowning Victory on globe with right; scarce; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
Spes was the Roman personification of Hope. In art Spes is normally depicted carrying flowers or a cornucopia, but on coins she is almost invariably depicted holding a flower in her extended right hand, while the left is raising a fold of her dress. She was also named "ultima dea" - for Hope is the last resort of men. On this coin, the Caesar, Saloninus, the designated successor of the emperor, is identified as the hope for the future of the Roman people.
RA85487. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1707p (Samosata), RIC V-1 36 (Antioch), RSC IV 95a (Antioch), Hunter IV 12, SRCV III 10775, Cunetio -, Choice VF, well centered, nice portrait, porous, weight 4.385 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Syrian mint, as caesar, Jan - summer 260 A.D.; obverse SALON VALERIANVS NOB CAES, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse SPES PVBLICA (the hope of the public), Saloninus (on left) standing right, wearing military garb and holding spear, confronting Spes, Spes standing left, raising skirt with left hand and presenting flower to prince with right hand, pellet within wreath above; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
Spes was the Roman personification of Hope. In art, Spes is normally depicted carrying flowers or a cornucopia, but on coins, she is almost invariably depicted holding a flower in her extended right hand, while the left is raising a fold of her dress. She was also named "ultima dea" - for Hope is the last resort of men. On this coin, the caesar, Saloninus, the designated successor of the emperor, is identified as the hope for the future of the Roman people.
RS87917. Silver antoninianus, Göbl MIR 915e, RSC IV 93, RIC V-1 13 corr. (misdescribed), SRCV III 10774, Hunter IV - (p. lii), VF/gF, centered on a tight flan, toned, reverse strike weak, die wear, tiny edge cracks, weight 2.482 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne) mint, as caesar, 258 - summer 260 A.D.; obverse SALON VALERIANVS CAES, radiate and draped bust right from behind; reverse SPES PVBLICA (the hope of the public), Spes walking left, flower in right hand, raising drapery of skirt with left hand; ex Beast Coins; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
Spes was the Roman personification of Hope. In art Spes is normally depicted carrying flowers or a cornucopia, but on coins she is almost invariably depicted holding a flower in her extended right hand, while the left is raising a fold of her dress. She was also named "ultima dea" - for Hope is the last resort of men. On this coin, the Caesar, Saloninus, the designated successor of the emperor, is identified as the hope for the future of the Roman people.
RL89969. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1707e(1) (Samosata), RIC V-1 36 (Antioch), RSC IV 95a (Antioch), Hunter IV 12, Cunetio 865 (3 spec.), SRCV III 10775, aEF, well centered obverse, reverse slightly off center, trace of silvering, porous, weight 3.182 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Syrian mint, as caesar, Jan - summer 260 A.D.; obverse SALON VALERIANVS NOB CAES, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse SPES PVBLICA (the hope of the public), Saloninus (on left) standing right, wearing military garb, holding spear, confronting Spes standing left, raising skirt with left hand, presenting flower to prince with right hand, wreath above; SOLD




  




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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

IMPSALONVALERIANVSAVG
LICCORSALVALERIANVSNCAES
PCORSALGALLIENVSNOVCAES
PCORSALVALERAINVSCAES
SALONVALERIANVSCAES
SALONVALERIANVSNOBCAES
SALVALERIANVSC
SALVALERIANVSC


REFERENCES|

Besly, E. & R. Bland. The Cunetio Treasure: Roman Coinage of the Third Century AD. (London, 1983).
Bourdel, B. Les Antoniniens emis sous le regne conjoint des empereurs Valerien et Gallien, Mariniane, Salonine, Valerien II, Salonin (253-260 Apr. J.-C.). (2017).
Calicó, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. Two: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Volume 5: Gordian I to Valerian II. (Paris, 1885).
Elmer, G. "Die Münzprägung der gallischen Kaiser von Postumus bis Tetricus in Köln, Trier und Mailand." in Bonner Jahrbücher 146 (1941).
Göbl, R. et al. Moneta Imperii Romani, Band 35: Die Münzprägung des Kaiser Valerianus I/Gallienus/Saloninus (253/268), Regalianus (260) un Macrianus/Quietus (260/262). (Vienna, 2000).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham, & P. Webb. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol V, |Part| I, Valerian to Florian. (London, 1927).
Online Coins of the Roman Empire (OCRE) http://numismatics.org/ocre/
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. IV. Valerian I to Allectus. (Oxford, 1978).
Schaad, D. & J. Lafaurie. Le trésor d'Eauze. (Toulouse, 1992).
Seaby, H. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume IV, Gordian III to Postumus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume Three, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Saturday, August 17, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Saloninus