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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Crisis and Decline| ▸ |Saloninus||View Options:  |  |  | 

Saloninus, Summer 260 A.D.

Saloninus was one of the sons of Gallienus and Salonina. After the death of his older brother Valerian II, he was made Caesar late in 258 A.D. and sent to oversee the western regions, aided by his praetorian prefect Silvanus and the governor of Germany, Postumus. In 260 A.D., the same year his grandfather was captured by the Sasanians, Postumus rebelled and besieged him at Cologne. He was made Augustus in 260 but within a few weeks or months of his accession he was captured and executed. According to Vagi, his coinage as Augustus is extremely rare, with perhaps fewer than 20 specimens known. -- Coinage and History of The Roman Empire by David L. Vagi


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Spes was the Roman personification of Hope. In art Spes is normally depicted carrying flowers or a cornucopia, but on coins she is almost invariably depicted holding a flower in her extended right hand, while the left is raising a fold of her dress. She was also named "ultima dea" - for Hope is the last resort of men. On this coin, the Caesar, Saloninus, the designated successor of the emperor, is identified as the hope for the future of the Roman people.
RL88067. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1707e(1) (Samosata), RIC V-1 36 (Antioch), RSC IV 95a (Antioch), Hunter IV 12, Cunetio 865 (3 spec.), SRCV III 10775, nice VF, attractive dark tone, porosity, weight 3.111 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Syrian mint, as caesar, Jan - summer 260 A.D.; obverse SALON VALERIANVS NOB CAES, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse SPES PVBLICA (the hope of the public), Saloninus (on left) standing right, wearing military garb, holding spear, confronting Spes standing left, raising skirt with left hand, presenting flower to prince with right hand, wreath above; $175.00 (€154.00)
 


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In 258, Valerian II, Gallienus' eldest son died. He was possibly murdered by Pannonia's governor Ingenuus. Valerian named Saloninus, another of Gallienus' sons, Caesar.
RS91833. Silver antoninianus, Göbl MIR 914e, RIC V-1 9, RSC IV 41, SRCV III 10767, gF, toned, centered on a tight ragged flan, bumps and marks, earthen deposits, weight 2.445 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne) mint, as caesar, 258 - summer 260 A.D.; obverse SALON VALERIANVS CAES, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PIETAS AVG (to the piety of the Emperor), implements of the augurate and pontificate, from left to right: lituus (augural wand), secespita (knife), ewer (jug), simpulum (ladle), and aspergillum (sprinkler); $70.00 (€61.60)
 


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Spes was the Roman personification of Hope. In art Spes is normally depicted carrying flowers or a cornucopia, but on coins she is almost invariably depicted holding a flower in her extended right hand, while the left is raising a fold of her dress. She was also named "ultima dea" - for Hope is the last resort of men. On this coin, the Caesar, Saloninus, the designated successor of the emperor, is identified as the hope for the future of the Roman people.
SH28080. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1707p (Samosata), RIC V-1 36 (Antioch), RSC IV 95a (Antioch), Hunter IV 12 (uncertain eastern), SRCV III 10775, Cunetio -, Choice gVF, full circle strike on both obverse and reverse, dark uneven toning, weight 4.055 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Syrian mint, as caesar, Jan - summer 260 A.D.; obverse SALON VALERIANVS NOB CAES, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse SPES PVBLICA (the hope of the public), Saloninus (on left) standing right, wearing military garb and holding spear, confronting Spes, Spes standing left, raising skirt with left hand and presenting flower to prince with right hand, pellet within wreath above; SOLD







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

IMPSALONVALERIANVSAVG
LICCORSALVALERIANVSNCAES
PCORSALGALLIENVSNOVCAES
PCORSALVALERAINVSCAES
SALONVALERIANVSCAES
SALONVALERIANVSNOBCAES
SALVALERIANVSC
SALVALERIANVSC


REFERENCES|

Besly, E. & R. Bland. The Cunetio Treasure: Roman Coinage of the Third Century AD. (London, 1983).
Bourdel, B. Les Antoniniens emis sous le regne conjoint des empereurs Valerien et Gallien, Mariniane, Salonine, Valerien II, Salonin (253-260 Apr. J.-C.). (2017).
Calicó, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. Two: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Volume 5: Gordian I to Valerian II. (Paris, 1885).
Elmer, G. "Die Münzprägung der gallischen Kaiser von Postumus bis Tetricus in Köln, Trier und Mailand." in Bonner Jahrbücher 146 (1941).
Göbl, R. et al. Moneta Imperii Romani, Band 35: Die Münzprägung des Kaiser Valerianus I/Gallienus/Saloninus (253/268), Regalianus (260) un Macrianus/Quietus (260/262). (Vienna, 2000).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham, & P. Webb. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol V, |Part| I, Valerian to Florian. (London, 1927).
Online Coins of the Roman Empire (OCRE) http://numismatics.org/ocre/
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. IV. Valerian I to Allectus. (Oxford, 1978).
Schaad, D. & J. Lafaurie. Le trésor d'Eauze. (Toulouse, 1992).
Seaby, H. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume IV, Gordian III to Postumus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume Three, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, October 16, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Saloninus