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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Gaul||View Options:  |  |  | 

Ancient Coins of Gaul

Gaul was a historical region of Western Europe during the Iron Age that was inhabited by Celtic tribes, encompassing present day France, Belgium, Luxembourg, most of Switzerland and Netherlands, the Po Valley in Northern Italy, and the west bank of the Rhine in Germany. About 390 B.C., the Gauls invaded and sacked Rome. In 222 B.C., Cisalpine Gaul (the region between the Alps and the Po Valley) was conquered by the Romans. The best description of pre-Roman Gaul is in the first chapter of the Commentarii de Bello Gallico, by Julius Caesar, which begins: "All Gaul is divided into three parts, one of which the Belgae inhabit, the Aquitani another, those who in their own language are called Celts, in ours Gauls, the third. All these differ from each other in language, customs and laws..." Map of Gaul

Lot of 3 Celtic Gaul, Cast Potin Coins, c. 100 - 50 B.C.

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Lot| |of| |3| |Celtic| |Gaul,| |Cast| |Potin| |Coins,| |c.| |100| |-| |50| |B.C.||potin|
The following list was provided by the consignor and has not been verified by FORVM:
1) Celtic Gaul, Senones, 52 B.C., cast potin, AE15, 3.27g, Head right, hair divided into large curls, pulled back / Bird left, pentagram above tail, two annulets behind. Delestre-Tache 2631, CCCBM 156-159, De la Tour 7565.
2) Northeast Gaul, Suessiones, c. 100-50 B.C., cast potin, AE22, 4.20g. Two confronted ibexes, globe between / Wolf confronting boar, annulet between. Delestre & Tache 211.
3) Northeast Gaul, Leuci, c. 100-50 B.C. cast potin, 17mm, 3.64g. Celticized male head to left / Boar left. Delestre-Tache 225.
LT99418. Cast potin, Lot of 3 coins, F - VF, c. 100 - 50 B.C.; no tags or flips, the actual coins in the photographs, 3 cast potin; $125.00 SALE PRICE $113.00


Monnaies grecques en Gaule, Le tresor d'Auriol et le monnayage de Massalia 525/520-460 a. J.-C.

|Greek| |Books|, |Monnaies| |grecques| |en| |Gaule,| |Le| |tresor| |d'Auriol| |et| |le| |monnayage| |de| |Massalia| |525/520-460| |a.| |J.-C.|
Greek currency in Gaul. The Auriol Hoard and the coinage of Massalia 525/520 - 460 B.C.
BK13582. Monnaies grecques en Gaule, Le tresor d'Auriol et le monnayage de Massalia 525/520-460 a. J.-C. by A. Furtwngler, TYPOS III, 1978, p. 336, 4 maps, 8 pages of diagrams, 44 plates, international shipping at the actual cost of postage; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00


Celtic, Senones, Gaul (Area of Sens, France), c. 100 - 27 B.C.

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Celtic,| |Senones,| |Gaul| |(Area| |of| |Sens,| |France),| |c.| |100| |-| |27| |B.C.||AE| |15|NEW
In about 400 B.C. the Senones crossed the Alps and, having driven out the Umbrians, settled on the east coast of Italy from Forl to Ancona (ager Gallicus), and founded Sena Gallica (Senigallia) their capital. In 391 B.C., they invaded Etruria and besieged Clusium. The Clusines appealed to Rome, which led to war. In 390 B.C. (or 387 B.C.), the Senones routed the Roman army at Allia and then sacked Rome. For more than 100 years the Senones were engaged in hostilities with Rome. They were finally subdued in 283 B.C. by P. Cornelius Dolabella and driven from Italy. In Gaul, from 53 to 51 B.C., the Senones engaged in hostilities with Julius Caesar, brought about by their expulsion of Cavarinus, whom he had appointed their king. In 51 B.C., a Senonian named Rapeseed threatened the Provincia, but was captured and starved himself to death. Their chief towns were Agedincum (later Senones, whence Sens), Metiosedum (Melun?), and Vellaunodunum (site uncertain).
CE90236. Bronze AE 15, Delestre-Tache 2631; CCCBM III 156 - 159; De la Tour 7565; Scheers Lyon 735 - 737, F, green patina, tight flan, rev. flatly struck and off center, obv. edge beveled, weight 3.259 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, die axis 180o, c. 52 B.C.; obverse GIAMILOS, head to right, hair divided into large curls, pulled back; reverse bird standing left, wings closed, SIINV above, two pellets within annulets behind; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00


Gallic Tribes, Volcae-Arecomici, Nimes Area, Gaul, c. 120 - 49 B.C., Imitating Massalia

|Gaul|, |Gallic| |Tribes,| |Volcae-Arecomici,| |Nimes| |Area,| |Gaul,| |c.| |120| |-| |49| |B.C.,| |Imitating| |Massalia||obol|
Lighter cruder specimens of this head of Apollo / wheel type, have traditionally been identified as very late obols struck at Massalia. More recent research indicates finds are overwhelmingly centered in an area west of Massalia. They were almost certainly struck by the Volcae Arecomici, a Gallic tribe dwelling between the Rhne and the Hrault rivers, around present-day Nmes.
GS99626. Silver obol, cf. Maurel 493, VF, dark toning, flow lines, flan much smaller than the dies, weight 0.540 g, maximum diameter 9.5 mm, die axis 0o, Volcae-Arecomici mint, c. 120 - 49 B.C.; obverse crude bare head of Apollo left (nose, mouth and chin off flan); reverse four-spoke wheel, between spokes M-A; ex CNG, ex Richard L. Horst Collection; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00


Celts, Southern Germany, Boii, c. 100 B.C.

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Celts,| |Southern| |Germany,| |Boii,| |c.| |100| |B.C.||stater|
The Rainbow Cup Coin. Medieval monks finding the strange cup shaped gold coins of the Boii described them as gold coins left at the end of a rainbow by magical forest inhabitants.
SH12089. Gold stater, Castelin 1069; Kellner Type II C, VF, scyphate, weight 7.563 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, obverse birds head in a torque (metal collar or armband) of crescents; reverse torque around six pellets; scarce; SOLD


Gallic Celts, Coriosolites, c. 100 - 50 B.C.

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Gallic| |Celts,| |Coriosolites,| |c.| |100| |-| |50| |B.C.||stater|
The Coriosolites (or Curiosolites or Curiosolitae) were a Celtic people in the region now called Brittany, mentioned by Julius Caesar several times. He describes the position of the Coriosolites on the ocean among the Armoric states, near the Veneti, Unelli, Osismi, and other tribes. No Coriosolites cities or roads are mentioned by the Romans. The name seems to be preserved in Corseul, a village between Dinan and Lamballe, where there are the remains of an old Roman town. We may conclude that, after the fashion of Gallic names, Corseul was the capital of the Coriosolites.Gaul
CE89570. Billon stater, Hooker class IV, group F, 25; Delestre-Tache II 2334, Depeyrot NC VIII 178, gVF, toned, porosity and flan splits, weight 6.442 g, maximum diameter 24.2 mm, die axis 270o, Northwest Gaul mint, c. 100 - 50 B.C.; obverse Celticized head right, hair in large spiral curls, S-like ear; before, small face-like ornament right above scroll-ornament; reverse Celticized rider on horseback right, spiral ornament before, rayed circular ornament below; ex Calgary Coin Gallery; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Allen, D. Catalogue of Celtic Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1987-1990).
Babelon, E. Trait des Monnaies Grecques et Romaines. (Paris, 1901-1932).
Brenot, C. "Marseille et les rseaux phocens. Remarques sur le tmoignage des monnaies" in Atti delll'IX convengno del centro internazionale di studi numismatici - Napoli 25-27 Ottobre 1996. (Rome, 2002).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Castelin, K. Keltische Mnzen: Katalog der Samlung im Schweizerischen Landesmuseum Zrich. (Zurich, 1978).
Chevillon, J.-A. "La Phase Postarchaque du monnayage de Massalia" in RN 169 (2012).
Cottam, E., et al. Ancient British Coins. (Norfolk, UK, 2010).
de la Tour, H. Atlas de monnaies Gauloises. (Paris, 1892).
Delestre, L.-P. & M. Tache. Nouvel atlas des monnaies Gauloises. (Saint-Germain-en-Laye, 2002 - 2008).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies hellnistiques de Marseille. (Wetteren, 1999).
Furtwngler, A. "Massalia im 5. Jh. v. Chr.: Tradition und Neuorientierung" in Massing-Petit.
Furtwngler, A. Monnaies grecques en Gaule. Typos III. (Fribourg, 1978).
Kellner, H. "Keltische Mnzen: Bemerkungen zur Situation der Forschung" in Passauer Jahrbuch 26 (1984).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints. (San Mateo, 1989).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Maurel, G. Corpus des monnaies de Marseille Provence - Languedoc oriental - Valle du Rhne, 525-20 av. J.-C. (France, 2019).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. One: The Republic and the The Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Scheers, S. La Gaule Belgique: Numismatique Celtique. (Louvian, 1983).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 8: Egypt, N. Africa, Spain-Gaul. (West Milford, NJ, 1994).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Mnchen Staatlische Mnzsammlung, Part 1: Hispania, Gallia Narbonensis. (Berlin, 1968).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Mnzsammlung Universitt Tbingen, Part 1: Hispania-Sikelia. (1981).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Sammlung der Universittsbibliothek Leipzig. (Mnchen, 1993 - 2008).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, France, Bibliothque National, Collection Jean et Marie Delepierre. (Paris, 1983).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume III, R.C. Lockett Collection, Part 1: Spain-Italy. (1938).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume IV, Fitzwilliam Museum, Leake and General Collections. Part 1: Spain (Emporiae, Rhoda) - Italy. (1940).
Victoor, R. Roulles Celtes et Objets Assimils. (Rosendal-lez-Dunkerque, 1989).

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