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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Thrace & Moesia| ▸ |Istros||View Options:  |  |  | 

Istros, Thrace

Istros was probably the first Greek colony on the Black Sea, and was founded in 657 - 656 B.C. or sometime between 630 and 620 B.C. by Milesian settlers in a strategic position near the Danube Delta. The first monetary emissions consisted of cast arrow-heads, later marked with a wheel or inscribed IST. Proper coins were minted from the 5th century: attic standard didrachms with an incuse square reverse and cast small bronzes marked with a wheel. Later the staters suffered several weight reductions, and the incuse technique was discontinued. In parallel, Istros minted silver fractions, and after the silver issues were halted in the Lysimachos era, the city struck gold staters. Later, the city issued autonomous bronze coinage and Roman Provincial coinage.

Istros, Thrace, c. 280 - 255 B.C.

|Istros|, |Istros,| |Thrace,| |c.| |280| |-| |255| |B.C.|, |drachm|
The A below dolphin control symbol was also used on Dima subgroup VIII, 2. The later style is quite different. On this earlier issue, the left head is always inverted. On the later issue, the right head is usually inverted.
GS38105. Silver drachm, Dima subgroup V, 3, pl. VIII, 5; SNG BM 240; AMNG I 416 var. (right head inverted); BMC Thrace p. 25, 2 var. (same), EF, weight 5.450 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, Istros (near Istria, Romania) mint, c. 280 - 256/255 B.C.; obverse two facing male heads, left head inverted; reverse IΣTPIH, sea-eagle left grasping a dolphin left with talons, A (control) below dolphin; SOLD

Gordian III, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Istros, Moesia Inferior

|Gordian| |III|, |Gordian| |III,| |13| |March| |222| |-| |March| |235| |A.D.,| |Istros,| |Moesia| |Inferior|, |pentassarion|
RP54124. Bronze pentassarion, Apparently unpublished, cf. Varbanov 678 (obv legend, tetrassarion), AMNG I 523 (same); SNG Cop -, BMC -, Lindgren -, VF, weight 13.434 g, maximum diameter 27.0 mm, die axis 0o, Istros (near Istria, Romania) mint, obverse AVT K M ANTΩ ΓOP∆IANOC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ICTPIHNΩN, Hera standing left, holding patera over flaming altar and scepter in right, E (mark of value) in left field; struck with a damaged obverse die (the lump at the back of Gordian's head), some porosity, nice green patina; extremely rare; SOLD



Corpus Nummorum Thracorum -
Lindgren, H. C. Lindgren III: Ancient Greek Bronze Coins from the Lindgren Collection. (1993).
Mildenberg, L. & S. Hurter, eds. The Dewing Collection of Greek Coins. ACNAC 6. (New York, 1985).
Moushmov, N. Ancient Coins of the Balkan Peninsula. (1912).
Pick, B. Die antiken Mnzen von Dacien und Moesien, Die antiken Mnzen Nord-Griechenlands Vol. I/I. (Berlin, 1898).
Poole, R.S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 1: Europe. (London, 1978).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Belgium, Bibliothque Royale de Belgique, La Collection de Bronzes Grecs de Marc Bar. (Brussels, 2007).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain VII, Manchester University Museum. (London, 1986).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain IX, British Museum, Part 1: The Black Sea. (London, 1993).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XI, The William Stancomb Collection of Coins of the Black Sea Region. (Oxford, 2000).
Varbanov, I. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, Vol. II: Thrace (Abdera to Pautalia). (Bourgas, Bulgaria, 2005).

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