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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Asian Coins| ▸ |Afghanistan to India||View Options:  |  |  | 

Afghanistan to India
Macedonian Kingdom, Satrapy of Bactria, Sophytes, c. 315 - 305 B.C.

|Afghanistan| |to| |India|, |Macedonian| |Kingdom,| |Satrapy| |of| |Bactria,| |Sophytes,| |c.| |315| |-| |305| |B.C.||drachm|
 
SH26919. Silver drachm, Mitchiner IGIS 29a, SNG ANS 21, superb EF, weight 3.397 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, die axis 180o, obverse head of Sophytes right, wearing helmet and olive wreath, side flap ornamented with wing, ligate MNA on bottom of neck truncation; reverse ΣΩΦYTOY, rooster standing right, kerykeion behind; ex CNG 69 (8 June 2005), lot 777, slightly grainy, small flan defect on helmet, very sharp, bold high-relief strike; very rare; SOLD


Kadambas, Hangal, India, Toyimadeva, 1048 - 1075 A.D.

|Afghanistan| |to| |India|, |Kadambas,| |Hangal,| |India,| |Toyimadeva,| |1048| |-| |1075| |A.D.||pagoda|
 
SH12097. Gold pagoda, Friedberg 315, VF, weight 4.343 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, obverse Toyi, Lion walking right looking back; reverse ornamented scroll within an ornamented border; SOLD


India, Tribal Issue, Sarabhapuriyas of Mahakosala (Chhattisgarh), Prasannamatra, c. 525 - 550 A.D.

|Afghanistan| |to| |India|, |India,| |Tribal| |Issue,| |Sarabhapuriyas| |of| |Mahakosala| |(Chhattisgarh),| |Prasannamatra,| |c.| |525| |-| |550| |A.D.||bracteate| |12| |rattis|
Bracteates (a type of coin, not a denomination) were also minted in medieval Europe. They were made with very thin metal and were apparently made using a single die with the flan placed on a leather covered block, thus giving an intaglio reverse.
SH12098. Gold bracteate 12 rattis, Mitchiner ATEC 5207; cf. Baldwin auction 37 (4 May 2004), lot 1344; Mitchiner NI -, VF, weight 1.222 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, obverse uniface coin with Garuda bird flanked by discus and conch, Brahmi legend and jar below; extremely rare; SOLD


Baktria, Diodotus I as Satrap for Antiochus II Theos, c. 255 - 250 B.C.

|Bactrian| |Kingdom|, |Baktria,| |Diodotus| |I| |as| |Satrap| |for| |Antiochus| |II| |Theos,| |c.| |255| |-| |250| |B.C.||stater|
Diodotus I was the Seleukid governor of Baktro-Sogdiana early in Antiochos II's reign. His first coinage was issued with the Seleukid monarch's portrait. He then issued coins, like this one, with his own portrait, yet retaining the name of Antiochos as king. Diodotus' territory was so remote that he was king in all but title. About 250 B.C., he took the title too and issued coins as king in his own name (BAΣIΛΕΩΣ ΔIOΔOTOY).

Recent scholarship shows that Ai Khanoum (Greek name uncertain) was the principal mint of the region, located on the frontier between Afghanistan and the former Soviet Union.
SH33186. Gold stater, Houghton-Lorber I 630, Newell ESM 723, SGCV II 7497, gVF, obverse test cut, weight 8.310 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, Ai Khanoum mint, obverse diademed head of middle-aged Diodotus I right; reverse BAΣIΛΕΩΣ ANTIOXOY, Zeus striding left, naked, aegis over extended left arm, hurling fulmen with raised right, wreath over eagle inner left; rare; SOLD


Baktrian Kingdom, Eukratides I, c. 171 - 145 B.C.

|Bactrian| |Kingdom|, |Baktrian| |Kingdom,| |Eukratides| |I,| |c.| |171| |-| |145| |B.C.||tetradrachm|
Eucratides I Megas replaced the Euthydemid dynasty with his own. He fought the Indo-Greek kings, the easternmost Hellenistic rulers in northwestern India, temporarily holding territory as far as the Indus, until he was defeated and pushed back to Bactria. His vast coinage suggests a rule of considerable importance.
SH48876. Silver tetradrachm, Bopearachchi 6DD; SNG ANS 474; Mitchiner IGIS I 177cc & 177 ff var. (slightly different monogram); Bopearachchi & Rahman -, Choice gVF, weight 16.863 g, maximum diameter 34.4 mm, die axis 0o, obverse diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, wearing crested helmet adorned with bull's horn and ear; all within bead-and-reel border; reverse BAΣIΛΕΩΣ MΕΓAΛOY ΕYKPATIΔOY, the Dioskouroi on rearing horses right, each holds a spear in his right, and palm fronds in left; monogram below horses; perfectly centered on a broad medallic flan, a very pleasing specimen; SOLD


Baktrian Kingdom, Eukratides I Megas, c. 171 - 145 B.C.

|Bactrian| |Kingdom|, |Baktrian| |Kingdom,| |Eukratides| |I| || |Megas,| |c.| |171| |-| |145| |B.C.||tetradrachm|
Eucratides I Megas replaced the Euthydemid dynasty with his own. He fought the Indo-Greek kings, the easternmost Hellenistic rulers in northwestern India, temporarily holding territory as far as the Indus, until he was defeated and pushed back to Bactria. His vast coinage suggests a rule of considerable importance.
SH70829. Silver tetradrachm, Bopearachchi-Rahman 241; Bopearachchi 6E; SNG ANS 465; HGC 12 131; Mitchiner IGIS I 177ee; SNG Cop 272 - 273 var. (monogram), gVF, porous in areas, weight 16.771 g, maximum diameter 32.5 mm, die axis 0o, Pushkalavati(?) mint, c. 171 - 145 B.C.; obverse diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, wearing crested helmet adorned with bull's horn and ear; all within bead-and-reel border; reverse BAΣIΛΕΩΣ MΕΓAΛOY ΕYKPATIΔOY, the Dioskouroi on rearing horses right, each holds a spear in his right, and palm fronds in left; monogram below horses; ex CNG Auctions 291, lot 166; SOLD


Bactrian Kingdom, Eukratides I, c. 171 - 135 B.C.

|Bactrian| |Kingdom|, |Bactrian| |Kingdom,| |Eukratides| |I,| |c.| |171| |-| |135| |B.C.||tetradrachm|
Struck on the Attic weight tetradrachm standard. This example shares the same design, style and monogram as the huge gold twenty-stater (c. 169.6 grams) of Eukratides I.
SH21632. Silver tetradrachm, Mitchiner IGIS I, p. 92, type 177(cc); SNG ANS 474, Choice gVF, weight 16.778 g, maximum diameter 32.6 mm, die axis 0o, chief workshop, Pushkala mint, c. 160 - 135 B.C.; obverse helmeted, draped and diademed bust right, fillet border; reverse BAΣIΛΕΩΣ MΕΓAΛOY ΕYKPATIΔOY, the Dioskouroi on horseback right, each holding a palm branch and spear, monogram below right; scarce; SOLD


Bactrian Kingdom, Demetrius I Soter, c. 200 - 185 B.C.

|Bactrian| |Kingdom|, |Bactrian| |Kingdom,| |Demetrius| |I| |Soter,| |c.| |200| |-| |185| |B.C.||tetradrachm|
Alexander's successors in India became increasingly isolated and eventually became an island of Hellenic people, completely cut off from their western kinsman. Surrounded on all sides, they succumbed to the superior numbers of local people and disappeared from history.
SH17286. Silver tetradrachm, SNG ANS 188 - 189, SGCV II 7526, gF, porous, grainy, weight 15.235 g, maximum diameter 32.9 mm, die axis 0o, c. 200 - 185 B.C.; obverse diademed and draped bust right wearing elephant-skin headdress; reverse BAΣIΛΕΩΣ ΔIMHTPIOY, young naked Herakles standing facing, crowning himself, in right holding club and lion-skin, monogram lower left; scratches; scarce; SOLD


Kushan Empire, Shaka, c. 305 - 335 A.D.

|Kushan| |Empire|, |Kushan| |Empire,| |Shaka,| |c.| |305| |-| |335| |A.D.||dinara|
The list of Kushan rulers and their dates of reign is constantly under review. This coin has a Brahmi inscription "Shaka" in the right field, in the same place where Vasudeva II's coins read "Vasu." It is natural to suppose that perhaps Shaka was the name of the king who issued the coin. There is a mention of one "Devaputra Shahi Shahanshahi Shaka Murunda" in Samudragupta's famous Allahabad inscription, as one of the rulers who paid him homage. In this context, Shaka could be a title, it could refer to a tribe, or it could be a personal name. Robert Gbl did not think Shaka was the name of a ruler; rather, he thought the coins were tribal issues, but Michael Mitchiner and the authors of ANS Kushan think Shaka was a king.
SH85122. Gold dinara, ANS Kushan 1671, Gbl Kushan 585, Donum Burns 760 - 762, gVF, small hairline flan crack, scratch on reverse, weight 7.823 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain mint, c. 305 - 335 A.D.; obverse Shaka standing facing, head left wearing nimbus, diadem and conical hat, sacrificing over altar from right hand, filleted staff in left hand, filleted trident to left, Brahmi inscriptions: sya under left arm, vi between altar and leg, Shaka right; reverse goddess Ardoxsho enthroned facing, nimbate, diadem in right hand, cradling cornucopia in left arm, tamgha upper left, blundered Bactrian inscription (mostly off flan as usual); SOLD


Kindarite Huns, Peroz, c. 345 - 350 A.D.

|Kushan| |Empire|, |Kindarite| |Huns,| |Peroz,| |c.| |345| |-| |350| |A.D.||stater|
The Kindarite coins betray little of their Hun origins as the designs were copied from coins issued by the Kushan and Kushano-Sasanian kings, whom they succeeded. In Bactria, the coins of were struck in the name of the last Kushano-Sasanian king, Varahran Kushanshah, whom they may have retained as a puppet ruler, but the real power is identified by a Kindarite tamga.
SH48317. Gold stater, ANS Kushan 2420, Mitchiner ACW 3592, Gbl Kushan 608, aEF, weight 7.796 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 0o, Gandhara mint, c. 345 - 350 A.D.; obverse Kushan style king standing facing, head left, nimbate, diademed, wearing pointed cap, sacrificing at altar from right hand, staff in left hand, trident above left; Brahmi inscriptions: Kapana next to altar, Peroyasa under left arm, Gadahara right; reverse goddess Ardochsho (Lakshmi) enthroned facing, nimbate, crescent on top of head, diadem with ladder-like ribbons in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, tamga upper left, Brahmi monogram sha right; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Alram, M. Iranisches Personennamenbuch: Nomina Propria Iranica In Nummis. (Vienna, 1986).
Bopearachchi, O. Indo-Greek, Indo-Scythian and Indo-Parthian Coins in the Smithsonian Institution. (Washington D.C., 1993).
Bopearachchi, O. Monnaies Grco-Bactriennes et Indo-Grecques. (Paris, 1991).
Bopearachchi, O & A. ur Rahman. Pre-Kushana Coins in Pakistan. (Karachi, 1995).
Cribb, J. "Numismatic Evidence for Kushano-Sasanian Chronology" in Studia Iranica 19 (1990).
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber, Vol III, Part 2. (London, 1926).
Friedberg, A. & I. Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present, 8th ed. (2009).
Frhlich, C. Monnaies indo-scythes et indo-parthes, Catalogue raisonn Bibliothque nationale de France. (Paris, 2008).
Gardner, P. The Coins of the Greek and Scythic Kings of Bactria and India in the British Museum. (London, 1886).
Gbl, R. Mnzprgung des Kusanreiches. (Wien, 1984).
Gupta, P. & T. Hardaker. Punchmarked Coinage of the Indian Subcontinent - Magadha-Mauryan Series. (Mumbai, 2014).
Hoover, O. Handbook of Coins of Baktria and Ancient India...5th Century BC to First Century AD. HGC 12. (Lancaster, PA, 2013).
Kritt, B. Dynastic Transitions in the Coinage of Bactria: Antiochus-Diodotus-Euthydemus. CNS 4. (Lancaster, 2001).
Lahiri, A. Corpus of Indo-Greek Coins. (Calcutta, 1965).
Mitchiner, M. Ancient Trade and Early Coinage. (London, 2004).
Mitchiner, M. Indo-Greek and Indo-Scythian Coinage. 9 Vols. (London, 1975-1976).
Mitchiner, M. Oriental Coins and Their Values, Vol. 3: Non-Islamic States & Western Colonies. (London, 1979).
Mitchiner, M. Oriental Coins: the Ancient and Classical World. (London, 1978).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Vol. 2: Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Senior, R. Indo-Scythian Coins and History. 3 Vols. (London, 2001).
Senior, R. The Coinage of Hermaios and its imitations struck by the Scythians. CNS 3. (Lancaster, PA, 2000).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 7: Cyprus to India. (New Jersey, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 9: Graeco-Bactrian and Indo-Greek Coins. (New York, 1998).
Whitehead, R. Catalog of Coins in the Panjab Museum, Lahore, Vol. I: Indo-Greek Coins. (Oxford, 1914).

Catalog current as of Friday, September 22, 2023.
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