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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Byzantine Coins| ▸ |Heraclean Dynasty||View Options:  |  |  | 

Byzantine Coins of the Heraclean Dynasty
Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.

|Heraclius|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Heraclius| |&| |Heraclius| |Constantine,| |23| |January| |613| |-| |11| |January| |641| |A.D.||hexagram|
In 616, the Jews of Jerusalem gained complete control over the city, much of Judea and Galilee became an autonomous Jewish province of the Sasanian Persian Empire. The Jewish Temple was rebuilt by Nehemiah ben Hushiel (exilarch of Jerusalem) who establish a High Priesthood. In September 629 the Byzantines retook Jerusalem after 15 years of Persian occupation. In 630, Heraclius decreed that all Jews must become Christian; a massacre followed around Jerusalem and in Galilee, some survivors fled to the Dara'ah area.
BZ99096. Silver hexagram, DOC II-1 64, Wroth BMC 100, Morrisson BnF 10/Cp/AR/06, Tolstoi 216, Ratto 1390, Hahn MIB III 140, Sommer 11.47, SBCV 798, aVF, very broad flan toned, scratches, die wear, weight 6.432 g, maximum diameter 25.3 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 615 - 638 A.D.; obverse dd NN hERACLIUS ET hERA CONSTI (Our lords, Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine), Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine enthroned facing, each holds globus cruciger, cross above; reverse dEUS AdIUTA ROmANIS (May God help the Romans), cross potent on globe above three steps, K right; from the Robert Wachter Collection; scarce; $180.00 SALE PRICE $162.00


Byzantine Empire, Justinian II, 10 July 685 - Late 695 and Summer 705 - 4 November 711 A.D.

|Justinian| |II|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Justinian| |II,| |10| |July| |685| |-| |Late| |695| |and| |Summer| |705| |-| |4| |November| |711| |A.D.||half| |follis|
Justinian II took the throne at the young age of sixteen. He achieved a peace treaty with the Arabs early in his reign and was able to make progress on the Balkan troubles. He was the first of the Byzantine emperors to put the likeness of Christ on his coinage. After ten years of rule, he was overthrown by the general Leontius; his tongue and nose were slit and he was exiled. In 705, Justinian II returned to Constantinople with an army of Bulgars and Slavs. He gained entrance to the city by climbing through an aqueduct pipe and with the advantage of surprise regained his throne. Both Leontius and Tiberius (who succeeded Leontius) were dragged through the streets in chains and beheaded. His revenge soon developed into a reign of terror. A rebellion started in the army and the general Bardanes was named Emperor. Justinian II and his son, Tiberius, age 6, were put to death.
BZ99075. Bronze half follis, DOC II-2 20a; SBCV 1262; Sommer 14.10; Hahn MIB 47; Morrison BnF p. 407, type 2 (not in the collection); Wroth BMC -, Ratto -, Tolstoi -, aVF, attractive dark green patina, light earthen deposits, irregular ragged edge, overstruck on an earlier follis or half follis, weight 3.322 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1st reign, c. 686 - 687 A.D.; obverse bust facing, short beard, wearing crown with cross and chlamys, globus cruciger in right; star left from undertype; reverse large K (20 nummi), cross above, A/N/N/O in a downward column left, II (regnal year 2) right, Γ (3rd officina) below, remnants of undertype; first specimen of this type held by FORVM; rare; $150.00 SALE PRICE $135.00


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.

|Heraclius|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Heraclius| |and| |Heraclius| |Constantine,| |23| |January| |613| |-| |11| |January| |641| |A.D.||decanummium|
Heraclius offered peace to Khusro, presumably in 624, threatening otherwise to invade Persia, but Khusro rejected the offer. Heraclius marched into Persia with an army of probably less than 25,000 men, willingly abandoning any attempt to secure his rear or maintain lines of communication. Heraclius fought brilliantly and bravely repeatedly defeated the Persian forces. When the war ended in 628, Khusro had been murdered by his own men, the Byzantines regained all their lost territories, their captured soldiers, a war indemnity, and most importantly for them, the True Cross and other relics that were lost in Jerusalem in 614.
BZ93528. Bronze decanummium, Anastasi 61, DOC II-1 256 (not in collection), Ricotti 32 bis, Sommer 11.117, SBCV 886, Hahn MIB 241, Wroth -, Morrisson BnF -, Ratto -, Tolstoi -, VF, nicely centered reverse, green patina, weight 3.494 g, maximum diameter 14.9 mm, die axis 180o, Sicily, Catania mint, 624 - 625 A.D.; obverse facing busts of Heraclius on left, bearded, and Heraclius Constantine on right, beardless; both crowned, draped and cuirassed; cross between their heads; reverse large I (10 nummi), A/N/N/O (year) in column left, X/V (15) in two lines right, CAT in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; scarce; $140.00 SALE PRICE $126.00


Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.

|Constans| |II|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Constans| |II| |and| |Constantine| |IV,| |13| |April| |654| |-| |15| |July| |668| |A.D.||follis|
In 663, Constans II invaded southern Italy.
BZ98061. Bronze follis, Anastasi 204, DOC II-2 181, SBCV 1110, Hahn MIB 210, Morrisson BnF 13/Sy/AE/09, Sommer 12.92, Wroth BMC 362, Tolstoi 374, Ratto 1638, gVF, well centered and struck, mottled green and red patina, weight 3.494 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, Sicily, Syracuse mint, 659 - 663; obverse Constans (left) in military attire with long cross in right, and Constantine in chlamys with globus cruciger in right, both crowned and stand facing; reverse large M flanked by Heraclius (left) and Tiberius, both stand facing in crown and chlamys, each holds globus cruciger in right, monogram (Kwt = Kwnstantine) above, SCL in exergue; $130.00 SALE PRICE $117.00


Byzantine Empire, Constans II, September 641 - 15 July 668 A.D.

|Constans| |II|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Constans| |II,| |September| |641| |-| |15| |July| |668| |A.D.||12| |nummi|
On 8 November 641, after a fourteen month siege, Alexandria capitulated to the Arab Muslims. In late 645 the Byzantines recaptured Alexandria but lost it again in May 646. This coin may have been struck either during the siege or during the short lived recovery. The last Byzantine attempt to recover Alexandria failed in 654.
BZ94898. Bronze 12 nummi, DOC II-2 105; Morrisson BnF p. 350, 13/Al/AE/01; Hahn MIB 189; Ratto 1321 (Heraclius); SBCV 1027; Sommer 12.63; Wroth BMC -; Tolstoi -, gF, earthen deposits, overstruck, weight 7.571 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 180o, Alexandria mint, Sep - Nov 641 and/or late 645 - May 646; obverse Constans II standing facing, beardless, wearing crown and chlamys, long cross in left hand, globus cruciger in right hand, no legend; reverse large I-B (12 nummi), divided by cross potent on globe, pellet outer right and outer left, AΛEZ (Alexandria) in exergue; from the Ray Nouri Collection; rare; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00


Byzantine Empire, Constans II, September 641 - 15 July 668 A.D.

|Constans| |II|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Constans| |II,| |September| |641| |-| |15| |July| |668| |A.D.||12| |nummi|
On 8 November 641, after a fourteen month siege, Alexandria capitulated to the Arab Muslims. In late 645 the Byzantines recaptured Alexandria but lost it again in May 646. This coin may have been struck either during the siege or during the short lived recovery. The last Byzantine attempt to recover Alexandria failed in 654.
BZ94899. Bronze 12 nummi, DOC II-2 105; Morrisson BnF p. 350, 13/Al/AE/01; Hahn MIB 189; Ratto 1321 (Heraclius); SBCV 1027; Sommer 12.63; Wroth BMC -; Tolstoi -, F, thick earthen deposits, weight 7.962 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 180o, Alexandria mint, Sep - Nov 641 and/or late 645 - May 646; obverse Constans II standing facing, beardless, wearing crown and chlamys, long cross in left hand, globus cruciger in right hand, no legend; reverse large I-B (12 nummi), divided by cross potent on globe, pellet outer right and outer left, AΛEZ (Alexandria) in exergue; from the Ray Nouri Collection; rare; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, 5 October 610 - 11 January 641 A.D.

|Heraclius|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Heraclius,| |5| |October| |610| |-| |11| |January| |641| |A.D.||follis|NEW
Heraclius came to power through revolt against the tyrannical Focas. He defeated the Sassanid Persians, but this only facilitated Arab conquest of Persia and the eastern Byzantine Empire. The Byzantines lost Syria and Palestine before Heraclius died and Egypt fell soon after.
SL93522. Bronze follis, DOC II-1 155a (not in collection), Wroth BMC 233, Tolstoi 65, Ratto 1306, Morrisson BnF 10/Ni/AE/03, Hahn MIB 174, Sommer 11.72, SBCV 833, NGC Ch VF, strike 5/5, surface 2/5, scratches (6555578-001), weight 11.170 g, maximum diameter 33.5 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 612 - 613 A.D.; obverse D N hERACLIVS PERP AV (blundered), cuirassed, bearded bust facing, wearing crown with trefoil ornament and paludamentum, globus cruciger in right hand; reverse large M (40 nummi) between A/N/N/O and II/I (regnal year 3), cross above, A below, NIKO in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; NGC| Lookup; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00


Byzantine Empire, Constans II, September 641 - 15 July 668 A.D.

|Constans| |II|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Constans| |II,| |September| |641| |-| |15| |July| |668| |A.D.||follis|
Sear notes this type is often overstruck on an early follis of Constans II, SBCV 1103.
BZ93533. Bronze follis, Anastasi 113; Tolstoi 187; Morrison BnF 13/Sy/AE/04; SBCV 1106; DOC II-2 177; Wroth BMC 349; Hahn MIB -; Sommer -; Ratto -, VF, overstruck on an earlier follis clipped to reduce the weight, green patina, bold strike but with strong undertype effects, ragged edge, weight 3.650 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 180o, Sicily, Syracuse mint, 648 - 650 A.D.; obverse no legend, bust of Constans facing, short beard, wearing crown and chlamys, globus cruciger in right; reverse large M (40 nummi), Kwnstans monogram above; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00


Byzantine Empire, Constans II, September 641 - 15 July 668 A.D.

|Constans| |II|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Constans| |II,| |September| |641| |-| |15| |July| |668| |A.D.||follis|
Grierson notes, "These coins are struck on irregular flans and often badly worn and corroded. Usually only a few letters of the reverse inscription are legible..."
BZ97798. Bronze follis, Anastasi 75; Wroth BMC 345; Hahn MIB 204b; Sommer 12.86; SBCV 1103; Tolstoi 137; DOC II-1 p. 399, 9d (Heraclonas); Morrison BnF -, VF, nice green patina, overstruck on a clipped fraction of an older coin, undertype effects, ragged edge with splits, weight 5.455 g, maximum diameter 25.8 mm, die axis 210o, Syracuse mint, 641 - 644 A.D.; obverse IMPER CONST (or similar), bust of Constans II facing, beardless, wearing crown and chlamys, globus cruciger in right; reverse large M (40 nummi) above exergue line, small cross (no officina letter) before large S C (senatus consulto) below exergue line, A/N/A downward on left, N/E/O/ς downward on right; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00







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