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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Byzantine Coins| ▸ |Dynasty of the Angeli| ▸ |Alexius III||View Options:  |  |  | 

Alexius III Angelus-Comnenus, 8 April 1195 - 17 July 1203

Alexius III was a corrupt and ineffective leader. He seemed more interested in plundering his empire for taxes and advancing his (and his wife's) social standing than protecting and defending the disintegrating Byzantine Empire. The armies of the fourth Crusade laid siege to Constantinople for several weeks in 1203, after which Constantinople surrendered. Alexius, true to his nature, fled the city with considerable gold. He ended up a hostage of the Seljuqs of Rum. When Theodore I Lascaris defeated Kaykhusraw I in the spring of 1211, Alexius was sent to a monastery where he died. Byzantium Empire 1081 AD

|Alexius| |III|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Alexius| |III| |Angelus-Comnenus,| |8| |April| |1195| |-| |17| |July| |1203||hyperpyron|
Alexius III, corrupt and ineffective, was more interested in plundering than defending his empire. The 4th Crusade laid siege to Constantinople for several weeks before it surrendered. Alexius, true to his nature, fled with considerable gold. He was a hostage of the Seljuqs of Rum when Theodore I Lascaris defeated Kaykhusraw I in 1211. Alexius was sent to a monastery where he died.
SH81912. Gold hyperpyron, DOC IV 1b; SBCV 2008; Hendy pl. 22, 3; Wroth BMC 3-6, Ratto 2199; Morrisson BnF 2, gVF, scyphate, but areas of flatness in the strike, weight 4.439 g, maximum diameter 27.1 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 8 Apr 1195 - 17 Jul 1203; obverse KE RO HΘEI (the lord God), Christ Pantokrator standing facing on dais, with crossed nimbus, wearing pallium and colobium, raising right hand in benediction, Gospels in left, IC - XC flanking head; reverse AΛEZIW ∆ECΠO−TW KOMNHNW, Alexius, on left, and St. Constantine, on right, both stand facing, holding patriarchal cross between them, Constantine nimbate and wearing loros, Alexius wearing crown with pendilia, divitision and chlamys, akakia in right; ex Glenn Woods; SOLD







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REFERENCES

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Grierson, P. Byzantine Coins. (London, 1982).
Hendy, M. Coinage and Money in the Byzantine Empire 1081-1261. (Washington D.C., 1969).
Marchev, V. & R. Wachter. Catalogue of the Late Byzantine Coins, Vol. I, 1082 - 1261 AD. (Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria, 2011).
Morrisson, C. Catalogue des Monnaies Byzantines de la Bibliothque Nationale, 711 - 1204. (Paris, 1970).
Sabatier, J. Description gnrale des monnaies Byzantines. (Paris, 1863).
Sear, D. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Sommer, A. Die Mnzen des Byzantinischen Reiches 491-1453. Mit einem Anhang: Die Mnzen des Kaiserreichs von Trapezunt. (Regenstauf, 2010).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines l'poque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 14).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).

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