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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Judean & Biblical Coins| ▸ |Herodian Dynasty| ▸ |Herod Archelaus||View Options:  |  |  |   

Herod Archelaus, Ethnarch of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.

Son of Herod the Great, he inherited the southern part of his father's kingdom ? Judaea, Samaria and Idumaea. Jerusalem was his capital. Augustus denied him the title king and gave him the title ethnarch, with a promise to name him king if he governed well. He was so unpopular with his subjects that Augustus deposed him, banished him to Gaul and annexed his territory.


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The galley refers to Archelaus' voyage to Rome at the beginning of his reign. His father had modified his will, naming Archelaus' younger brother, Antipas, king. Archelaus appealed to Rome and was awarded a large share of the kingdom and the title ethnarch. The galley reminded those that thought to challenge him that he had the backing of Rome. -- Ancient Jewish Coinage by Ya'akov Meshore
JD39555. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1197, VF, weight 1.797 g, maximum diameter 15.2 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, obverse H P W, prow of galley left; reverse EΘN (Ethnarch), surrounded by wreath; SOLD


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The caduceus is the wing-topped staff, with two snakes winding about it, carried by Hermes. According to one myth it was given to him by Apollo. The caduceus was carried by Greek heralds and ambassadors and became a Roman symbol for truce, neutrality, and noncombatant status. Here the caduceus likely symbolizes Herod's relationship with Rome.
JD35702. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1196, Meshorer TJC 73, SGICV 5539, RPC I 4917, nice VF, weight 2.311 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 235o, Jerusalem mint, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.; obverse HPω∆OY (of Herod), bunch of grapes, with leaf on left; reverse EΘNOPXOY (Ethnarch), tall helmet with crest and neck straps viewed from the front, small caduceus in lower left field; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
The galley refers to Archelaus voyage to Rome at the beginning of his reign. His father had modified his will, naming Archelaus younger brother, Antipas, king. Archelaus sailed to Rome to appeal and was awarded a large share of the kingdom and the title ethnarch. The galley reminded those that thought to challenge him that he had the backing of Rome.
JD55046. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1195, Meshorer TJC 71, RPC I 4915, VF, nice for the type, weight 1.401 g, maximum diameter 16.0 mm, Jerusalem mint, obverse HPΩ, double cornucopia, adorned with grapes, horns parallel; reverse EΘN/PA/HX (or similar), war galley facing left with aphlaston, oars, and ram; nice for the type; scarce; SOLD


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The anchor was adopted from the Selukids, who used it to symbolize their naval strength. Anchors are often depicted upside down, as they would be seen hung on the side of a boat ready for use.

The cornucopia was a hollow animal horn used as a container. One of the most popular religious symbols of the ancient world, the cornucopia is also know as the "horn of plenty" and on coins it advertises the prosperity delivered by the king.

The caduceus is the wing-topped staff, with two snakes winding about it, carried by Hermes. According to one myth it was given to him by Apollo. The caduceus was carried by Greek heralds and ambassadors and became a Roman symbol for truce, neutrality, and noncombatant status. The Herodians were friends to Rome and the caduceus was an appropriate symbol of that relationship.
JD10667. Bronze prutah, Meshorer TJC 67, Hendin 1192 var., F, weight 1.22 g, maximum diameter 13.7 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, obverse HPW∆, anchor; reverse EΘ−NA−PX starting between horns, double cornucopia with caduceus between horns; rare; SOLD


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Grapes, the vine and wine were an important part of the ancient economy and ritual. Grapes were brought to the Temple as offerings of the first-fruits and wine was offered upon the altar. The vine and grapes decorated the sacred vessels in the sanctuary and a golden vine with clusters of grapes stood at its entrance.
JD35687. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1196, Meshorer TJC 73, SGICV 5539, RPC I 4917, aVF, weight 2.718 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, obverse HPω∆OY (of Herod), bunch of grapes, with leaf on left; reverse EΘNOPXOY (Ethnarch), tall helmet with crest and neck straps viewed from the front, small caduceus in lower left field; ex Amphora Coins (David Hendin); SOLD


Click for a larger photo
The galley refers to Archelaus voyage to Rome at the beginning of his reign. His father had modified his will, naming Archelaus younger brother, Antipas, king. Archelaus sailed to Rome to appeal and was awarded a large share of the kingdom and the title ethnarch. The galley reminded those that thought to challenge him that he had the backing of Rome.
JD39698. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1195, Meshorer TJC 71, RPC I 4915, VF, weight 1.241 g, maximum diameter 14.3 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, obverse HPΩ, double cornucopia, adorned with grapes, horns parallel; reverse EΘN/PA/HX (or similar), war galley facing left with aphlaston, oars, and ram; scarce; SOLD


Herod Archelaus, Ethnarch of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.

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Based on the fabric and style, we know that Herod Archealus used the same mint in Jerusalem as his father, Herod the Great.
JD43532. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1193; Meshorer TJC 69b; BMC p. 235, 39; Meshorer AJC II p. 239, 2b, VF, weight 1.265 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, die axis 135o, Jerusalem mint, obverse HPω∆OY (of Herod), anchor with long slender arms; reverse EΘ/AN (Ethnarch), surrounded by wreath; ex Amphora Coins (David Hendin); scarce; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
The galley refers to Archelaus voyage to Rome at the beginning of his reign. His father had modified his will, naming Archelaus younger brother, Antipas, king. Archelaus sailed to Rome to appeal and was awarded a large share of the kingdom and the title ethnarch. The galley reminded those that thought to challenge him that he had the backing of Rome.
JD35708. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1195, Meshorer TJC 71, RPC I 4915, aVF, weight 1.096 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, obverse HPΩ, double cornucopia, adorned with grapes, horns parallel; reverse EΘN/PA/HX (or similar), war galley facing left with aphlaston, oars, and ram; ex Amphora Coins (David Hendin); scarce; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
The cornucopia was a hollow animal horn used as a container. One of the most popular religious symbols of the ancient world, the cornucopia is also know as the "horn of plenty."
JD35709. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1192, VF, obverse 1/2 off-center, weight 1.363 g, maximum diameter 13.9 mm, Jerusalem mint, obverse HPW∆, anchor; reverse double cornucopia with caduceus between horns, EΘN around with N between the horns; ex Amphora Coins (David Hendin); scarce; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
The galley refers to Archelaus' voyage to Rome at the beginning of his reign. His father had modified his will, naming Archelaus' younger brother, Antipas, king. Archelaus appealed to Rome and was awarded a large share of the kingdom and the title ethnarch. The galley reminded those that thought to challenge him that he had the backing of Rome. -- Ancient Jewish Coinage by Ya'akov Meshore
JD83701. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1197, VF, green patina, ragged flan, weight 1.060 g, maximum diameter 14.7 mm, die axis 60o, Jerusalem mint, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.; obverse H P W, prow of war galley left; reverse EΘN (Ethnarch), surrounded by wreath; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

Burnett, A., M. Amandry & P. RipollŤs. Roman Provincial Coinage I: From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BC-AD 69). (London, 1992 & supplements).
Fontanille, J. Menorah Coin Project, website: http://menorahcoinproject.org/
Hendin, D. Guide to Biblical Coins, 5th Edition. (Amphora, 2010).
Hill, G. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum: Palestine. (London, 1914).
Meshorer, Y. Ancient Jewish Coinage. (New York, 1982).
Meshorer, Y. A Treasury of Jewish Coins from the Persian Period to Bar Kokhba. (Jerusalem, 2001).
Meshorer, Y., et al. Coins of the Holy Land: The Abraham and Marian Sofaer Collection at the American Numismatic Society and The Israel Museum. ACNAC 8. (New York, 2013).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2: Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 7: Cyprus to India. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 6: Palestine - South Arabia. (New York, 1981).

Catalog current as of Saturday, October 19, 2019.
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Herod Archeleus