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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Judean & Biblical Coins| ▸ |Herodian Dynasty| ▸ |Herod Antipas||View Options:  |  |  | 

Herod Antipas, Tetrarch of Galilee and Perea, 4 B.C. - 39 A.D.

Herod Antipas is best known for his role in the executions of John the Baptist and Jesus of Nazareth. Antipas' father, Herod the Great, designated him to succeed, but the rule of Judaea was at the whim of Augustus. Antipas and his brothers Archelaus and Philip, all raised in Rome, were each given a part of the kingdom. Antipas was given the title Tetrarch and rule of Galilee, Peraea, and Jewish Trans-Jordan. He sponsored grand construction projects at Sepphoris, Betharamphtha, and his new capital Tiberias on the western shore of the Sea of Galilee. Antipas divorced Phasaelis, the daughter of King Aretas IV of Nabataea, and married his sister-in-law and niece Herodias. The divorce led to war with Aretas, in which Herod was defeated. John the Baptist condemned the marriage, for which Antipas had him arrested and executed. The Gospel of Luke states that Jesus was first brought before Pontius Pilate for trial. Pilate handed him over to Antipas, but Antipas sent him back to Pilate's court. In 39 A.D., his nephew Agrippa I accused Antipas of conspiracy against the new emperor Caligula. Caligula sent him into exile in Gaul. Accompanied there by Herodias, he died at an unknown date. All coins of Antipas were minted in Tiberias, the capitol city he founded c. 19 A.D. and named for Tiberius. All his coins are rare and very rare in better than poor condition. They were minted with an inferior alloy that was particularly susceptible to corrosion and wear.Judaea after Herod

Nabataean Kingdom, Aretas IV, 9 B.C. - 40 A.D.

|Nabataean| |Kingdom|, |Nabataean| |Kingdom,| |Aretas| |IV,| |9| |B.C.| |-| |40| |A.D.||AE| |12|
Aretas' daughter was married to Herod Antipas, Herod the Great's son, and the Tetrarch of Galilee. This coin resembles a coin minted by King Herod and the reverse probably depicts the golden bird Herod placed above the entrance to the Jerusalem Temple. But the political alliance and family ties celebrated by this coin were broken when Antipas left Aretas' daughter to marry Herodias. In response to this breach and personal insult, Aretas attacked and defeated Antipas' army in Galilee and brought his daughter home to Petra. It was Herodias' daughter, Salome, who requested John the Baptist's head on a platter.
GB94750. Bronze AE 12, Barkay CN 154a, Meshorer Nabataean 91, Al-Qatanani 130t1, SNG ANS 6 -, Huth -, BMC Arabia -, VF, ragged flan, light deposits, porosity, reverse off center, weight 1.032 g, maximum diameter 11.6 mm, die axis 0o, Petra (Jordan) mint, 5 - 6 A.D.; obverse Nabataean het ros (Aretas) monogram within wreath; reverse eagle standing right, head right, wings closed, Nabataean het ros (Aretas) monogram left; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $125.00 SALE PRICE $113.00


Herod Antipas, Tetrarch of Galilee and Perea, 4 B.C. - 39 A.D.

|Herod| |Antipas|, |Herod| |Antipas,| |Tetrarch| |of| |Galilee| |and| |Perea,| |4| |B.C.| |-| |39| |A.D.||quarter| |denomination|
Herod Antipas is best known for his roles in the crucifixion of Jesus of Nazareth and the beheading of John the Baptist. When Augustus divided the kingdom of his father, Herod the Great, Antipas was made Tetrarch of Galilee, Peraea, and Jewish Trans-Jordan. His divorce from Phasaelis, the daughter of King Aretas IV of Nabataea, led to war with in which he was defeated. His marriage to his sister-in-law and niece Herodias was condemned by John the Baptist, for which he had the preacher executed. Pilate sent Jesus to him for judgement, but Antipas sent him back to Pilate's court. In 39 A.D., he was accused of conspiracy. Caligula exiled him to Gaul, where he died at an unknown date.
JD95782. Bronze quarter denomination, Hendin 1201, Meshorer TJC 77, RPC I 4920; BMC Palestine p. 230, 9, VF, dark green patina with red earthen highlighting, tight flan, obverse a little off center, weight 4.013 g, maximum diameter 14.7 mm, die axis 315o, Galilee, Tiberias (Israel) mint, 20 - 21 A.D.; obverse TIBE/PIAC (Tiberias), within wreath; reverse HPW∆OY TETPAPXOY (of Herod the tetrarch), reed standing vertical, L - K∆ (year 24) in fields; ex Athena Numismatics, very nice for this rare type!; rare; SOLD


|Herod| |Antipas|, |Herod| |Antipas,| |Tetrarch| |of| |Galilee| |and| |Perea,| |4| |B.C.| |-| |39| |A.D.||full| |denomination|
Although he was not always sensitive to Jewish tradition, Antipas' coins carried no images, which would have violated Jewish prescriptions against idolatry. When Pontius Pilate, governor of Judea from 26 A.D. to 36 A.D., caused offense by placing votive shields in the Antonia palace at Jerusalem, Antipas and his brothers successfully petitioned for their removal.
JD40717. Bronze full denomination, Hendin 1203; RPC I 4922; Meshorer TJC 79; Meshorer AJC II p. 242, 5; BMC Palestine -; SNG ANS -, VF, well centered, green patina, weight 10.628 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 0o, Galilee, Tiberias (Israel) mint, 29 - 30 A.D.; obverse TIBE/PIAC (Tiberias) in two lines, surrounded by wreath; reverse HPW∆OY TETPAPXOY (of Herod the tetrarch), palm frond upright with slight curves, L - ΛΓ (year 33) across fields; very rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Burnett, A., M. Amandry & P. Ripolls. Roman Provincial Coinage I: From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BC-AD 69). (London, 1992 & supplements).
Fontanille, J. Menorah Coin Project, website: http://menorahcoinproject.com/
Hendin, D. Guide to Biblical Coins, 6th Edition. (Amphora, 2021).
Hill, G. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum: Palestine. (London, 1914).
Maltiel-Gerstenfeld, J. 260 Years of Ancient Jewish Coinage. (Tel Aviv, 1982).
Meshorer, Y. Ancient Jewish Coinage. (New York, 1982).
Meshorer, Y. A Treasury of Jewish Coins from the Persian Period to Bar Kokhba. (Jerusalem, 2001).
Meshorer, Y., et al. Coins of the Holy Land: The Abraham and Marian Sofaer Collection at the American Numismatic Society and The Israel Museum. ACNAC 8. (New York, 2013).
Roman Provincial Coins (RPC) Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/.
Samuels, C., P. Rynearson & Y. Meshorer. The Numismatic Legacy of the Jews as depicted by a distinguished American Collection. (New York, 2000).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2: Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 7: Cyprus to India. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 6: Palestine - South Arabia. (New York, 1981).

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